UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

The President's Report 1953-54 1955

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 The President's Report 1953-54
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10280 To the Board of Governors and Senate of
The University of British Columbia
Ladies and Gentlemen,
As you are all too well aware from your meetings, a great mass
of detailed educational business is transacted each year in the
University, but even in a rapidly developing and expanding University such as ours, the basic problems and opportunities remain fairly
constant. Only a relatively few major developments differentiate year
from year. Sound teaching, painstaking investigation, useful educational services to the community, and thorough and critical examination of future plans and projects; these make up the basic annual
activity. It is for this reason that I have in recent years formed the
habit of reporting very briefly on the normal year's activities, and
have prefaced each report by attempting to describe the progress
made or the problems faced in some specific aspect of the University's
work over a number of years.
This year I have discussed at some length the University's
Student Aid Programme. I have done this largely because of the
current discussions about the critical shortage of trained persons in
several of the professions and about the numbers and kinds of people
who should be making up these shortages.
I feel very strongly that Canada must have a comprehensive
national scholarship programme as imaginatively designed as was
the Veterans' Educational Aid programme if we are to continue to
support the current rate of national development. I think there is
much in the picture of this University's Student Aid Programme to
give cause for qualified satisfaction, but there is also much to underline the continuing need.
I would like to express on behalf of the students, faculty, alumni
and the community at large a word, of appreciation for the service
the Board and Senate members voluntarily render to the University,
and to add a special word of thanks to the Chancellor, Brigadier
Sherwood Lett, for his continued and invaluable service to the
University and to Canada.
A/^vvuml- rv^e-V^w^.
President. President's Report
For September, 1953 to August, 1954
To maintain the present rate of Canadian development, Canadian universities must meet the need for the
vastly increased numbers of professionally trained and well-
educated men and women that our complex society and
complicated technology have made necessary. We must
meet this need or slow down the rate of development. To
meet the need it will be necessary to make it possible for as
many of our young men and women to come to university
as are qualified and want to. We are not meeting the need
now, and we are also not yet getting all those in the high
schools who are best equipped for higher education. Because
the shortages of well qualified teachers, engineers, dentists
and other professionals have been much debated during the
past year, I thought it might be useful to summarize at the
outset of this report what this university has done, with the
generous help of benefactors, over the past few years to help
bring a university education more within the range of the
best qualified of our young people.
Aid to students takes many forms: prizes, scholarships,
bursaries or loans; the provision of inexpensive board and
lodging; payment for part time manual employment; and
payment for teaching assistantships. The universities themselves cannot create money to help those who need help,
but they can take the initiative by drawing attention to the
need and soliciting the support of industry, commerce, voluntary associations, private individuals and government. At
this university we are fortunate in having a very active
and imaginative Committee on Prizes. Scholarships, Burs-
1 aries & Loans under the chairmanship of Dean Walter
Gage, and that Committee has been fortunate in receiving
very widespread support from the community. A most important feature of that support — apart from the money
collected and made available—is the evidence it provides of
public concern that the opportunities for higher education
shall be brought within the means of the best qualified. On
behalf of the University and the student recipients I would
like to say a wholehearted word of thanks to our generous
benefactors who have made the following table of awards
possible in the amounts indicated.
DURING 1953-54
No. of Total
Type of Assistance Awards    Assistance
Dominion-Provincial Aid 	
University Scholarships and
Bursaries established by
Other Awards paid through the
Awards made outside the
Assistance from Dept. of Veterans'
Affairs and defense training
Miscellaneous Assistance 	
Loans through University 	
$ 82.2
$374.5 In some cases, two awards, or even more, were made to
the same student. If we make allowance for such overlaps,
and add in a few other sources not administered by the
University, there would emerge a figure of no fewer than
1600 students—out of a total enrollment of 5500—sharing
some $450,000 in these forms of assistance during the academic year which we are considering. This figure, I feel,
is very impressive in itself, but it becomes even more so
when it is realized that in the academic year 1948-49, just
seven years ago, the University's funds for awards and loans
were approximately $200,000, or less than half their size
today. Of course, not all of this increase represents a clear
gain to the students, as the costs of food, transport, books
and accommodation have increased rapidly in the same
period of seven years, and it is not yet adequate to meet the
need. Nevertheless, the increase is very considerable and
most encouraging.
I am particularly anxious to draw attention to the University loan funds, which, as the above table suggests, were
used by some 400 students to borrow about $200 each. The
permanent, revolving funds from which such loans are
made now totals some $217,000, having grown in seven years
from only $37,000. The recent record of repayment on
loans—though we have no collecting agency—is good
enough, I am proud to say, to be the envy of finance companies. Students do appreciate their opportunities, and
repay in full as soon as they can.
Dominion-Provincial Aid
The table above will also indicate the importance of
the Dominion-Provincial student aid programme.    We are
much beholden to the provincial Department of Education and the federal Department of Labour for keeping this
source of student help in existence and for their continued
willingness to contribute to it. It would be disastrous if
this source of aid should be permitted to disappear before
the federal government, in conjunction with the provinces,
has made provision for the establishment of a system of
national scholarships, bursaries and loans on a scale commensurate with the national need for professional and
skilled technical services. National scholarships have been
under consideration by the federal government for some
two years, but as yet no final decision has been reached.
I am hopeful that action will be taken because the
need to increase the flow of professional skills has a direct
relationship to the rate of national development, and we
are already feeling the shortage of professional skills in a
number of critical areas.
Scholarships and Bursaries
As may also be seen from the table, a large part of the
remainder of our funds is provided by the generosity of
donors on a fairly permanent basis, though each year there
are some awards which lapse or are withdrawn, and others
which are established for the first time. These funds also
have more than doubled in the past seven years. In the
opinion of the University scholarship committee, the outstanding need now is for funds which can be used freely,
without restrictions as to the field of study, faculty, residence
or age of students. While it is easy to understand that some
donors may wish to help students with whose needs or
aspirations they are particularly in sympathy, experience
has shown us that the fewer the restrictions, the more valuable the gift. Housing
Within the limits of its operating income, the University has striven to provide low-rent accommodation for
more than 1000 students from outside the city. Three of
the "hut camps" established as temporary residences after
the war have not only been maintained, but have been im
proved, enlarged and refurnished. During the summer ol
1954, for example, thirty-six additional places were made
available at Fort and Acadia Camps, and nine additional
suites—all but one with central heating—provided. There
are now places in these camps for some 870 single men and
women, and suites for about 180 couples and families.
In addition, of course, we have the fine new women's
residences, which provide accommodation for 156 girls,
chiefly in their first year. Our policy has been to admit
women at the beginning of their university career rather
than in their upper years in order to give them a chance
to make friends and "find themselves" in Vancouver.
Our experience with these permanent residences has
been excellent. Because of our climate, they are not as expensive to build as they would be in eastern Canada, and although they are more expensive than "hut" accommodation,
they provide more of the basic facilities for an educational
residential life.
About half our student body comes from "out of town."
Of these there will always be some who prefer living in
boarding houses, "co-op" houses and fraternity houses.
When these have all been subtracted it becomes clear that
the University should aim at providing permanent residential accommodation for at least one third of the student
body, some 2,000 at the present time.    No matter how
5 quickly we start building additional permanent residence
units, it is apparent that it will take a substantial number
of years before we fill the existing gap, let alone start to replace the present temporary "huts."
We are most gratified that our plans for an International House, to be the on-campus centre where students
from other countries can meet and mingle with Canadian
students, promises to be realized in the coming year. We
are deeply grateful to the Rotary Club of Vancouver for
their generous action in making the first part—the social
unit—of this development possible.
Self-Help Programme
What I have said so far may appear to suggest that
many of the students are depending in large measure upon
others for assistance. As anyone who is in close contact
with our students will know, this is far from the truth. To
an extent most unusual even in Canada, our students are
continuing the tradition established many years ago of
"working their way" through the University. This desire
and willingness to work has been facilitated by the University placement office's service of registering students and
assisting them to find summer, Christmas and part-time
work. More than 1200 students found sources of earnings
through this office, about 200 of them on the campus, in the
"self-help programme" which provides regular, part-time
work in university buildings, kitchens and grounds. Student
earnings here amount to some $50,000 a year. The University also employs each year more than 250 graduates and
undergraduates as demonstrators, teaching assistants, markers and researchers, and pays them a total of approximately
$100,000 for services rendered. GEOGRAPHICAL SOURCE OF STUDENTS 1953 - 54
GREATER VANCOUVER (including all students
temporarily domiciled in Vancouver)   3035
AFRICA      7
ASIA    23
EUROPE      29
TOTAL     5500 In all, therefore, including the forms of assistance discussed earlier, some $600,000 is distributed through the
University to the student body. However, it is necessary
to remember that nearly one-half the undergraduates in
upper years are personally responsible for all their expenses,
including room and board.
On the basis of information provided by students at
the time of registration, it appears that in the summer of
1953-54 men earned on the average about $720 each. Some
of them saved that much, but the average earnings figure
is influenced by those who did not work many weeks during
the summer. Women students, however, have not the same
access to remunerative summer jobs, and their average
summer earnings were less than half the men's. We are
continually aware of these special financial difficulties of
women students, and have set up funds administered by the
Dean of Women to try in some small measure to make up
for some of these difficulties. In recent years the proportion
of women in the total university enrolment has fallen, and
we are much concerned with the problem of how to enable
girls coming from the schools to continue their education.
These total summer earnings have to be set against total
costs to the out-of-town student for a university year
amounting to from $900-$ 1,000, in order to see clearly the
extent to which our students rely on themselves and also
to understand the gap which has to be met by the various
forms of student aid.
In addition, it is worth remembering that students who
choose to go to university voluntarily forego four, five or
six years earning power in a time of high wages, so that if
you add up what they might earn as well as what they have
to pay out, you will arrive at the fact that most students in-
8 vest in their own education a sum well above $10,000,
quite apart from any assistance that is given by others. I
point this out merely to indicate that self-reliance is still a
characteristic of your young men and women, and that they
are willing to invest both time and money for the satisfaction they derive from the pursuit of knowledge and the
promise of a more remunerative career. It is of course
also apparent that they are carrying, and will continue to
carry, the main financial burden of their education no matter what other forms of assistance may be offered.
Graduate Studies
As can be seen from the enrolment figures, an increasing number of students in the University and an increasing
proportion of the total enrolment are proceeding to graduate studies, that is working towards a second degree in a
field where a Bachelor's degree has already been obtained.
Most schools and departments of the University now have
adequate staff and research facilities to be able to supervise
and assist candidates for the Master's degree. Since, however,
the assistance and facilities required by candidates for the
Ph.D. degree make much greater demands upon the resources of the University, we have been obliged to proceed
slowly in the development of doctoral studies, and to accept
candidates only in those subjects in which our facilities are
adequate. Just as laboratories, equipment and materials
are necessary for advanced work in the natural sciences, so
in the humanities and the social sciences library space and
large research book collections must be available.
Though we are proceeding slowly, each year recently
we have been able to report that new advanced programmes
9 have been arranged and doctoral degrees conferred for the
first time. For example, last year arrangements were made
for a new advanced syllabus in Fisheries, which now, like
Oceanography, is an institute administered by the graduate
studies faculty. It is intended that students interested in
some particular aspect of the fishing industry, such as biology, will also receive broad instruction in the social, economic, commercial and technical aspects of the field. Special
emphasis will, of course, be placed on research.
In this same year, the Department of Mining and
Metallurgy began to prepare students for the Ph.D. degree
and the Department of Mathematics awarded its first Ph.D.
degree; it is expected that from now on one or two Doctor's
degrees will be conferred in these departments each year.
While we are very proud of the progress which our
faculties, departments and schools are making in the
provision of advanced training, it should not be forgotten that each year many graduates of our University
are undertaking postgraduate training in other Canadian,
American and British institutions. Indeed we encourage
our graduates to widen their experience by going to other
schools, just as we attract some graduate students here for
studies in which we have special facilities. Most graduate
students would be unable to afford this advanced training
were it not for the financial assistance available in the longer-
established graduate schools and the scholarships, assistant-
ships and prizes which are awarded to them. We are
already offering a few scholarships and assistantships, but
as our graduate programme expands we will need additional
funds for fellowships, additional members of our staff,
library holdings and facilities so that research programmes
and advanced instruction will be on the scale that our
provincial and national development demands.
10 Arts and Science
There is no separate teaching staff in the Faculty of
Graduate Studies, and the supervision of graduate work is
undertaken by men and women who are members of the
other faculties. The largest of these is the Faculty of Arts
and Science, which encompasses the professional schools of
Social Work, Education, Physical Education, Commerce
and Home Economics, as well as the traditional departments
in the humanities, social sciences and natural sciences.
These departments and schools teach advanced students
working for the various graduate degrees, and give courses
of a pre-professional nature to students who will eventually
enroll in such specialized faculties as Law, Medicine and
Applied Science. Although these "services" undertaken for
other faculties tend to give an exaggerated picture of the
size of the enrolment in Arts, it is the largest of the eight
faculties on the campus.
The departments are continually faced with the problem of choosing whether to increase and expand the instruction of upper-year students specializing in particular Arts
fields, or to increase the proportion of their staff's time on
courses in the earlier years. These preparatory courses, by
their nature, tend to have high enrolments, and it is our
present aim therefore not so much to provide new preparatory courses but rather to ensure that the classes are given
in appropriately-sized groups. With advanced courses the
classes are small enough but the need for variety is greater.
The difficulty of accomplishing this "splitting up process"
will increase as the total enrolment grows. The faculty is
currently studying the problems involved in better relating
the lower and upper year programmes of study.
In the year under review, new courses have been
offered at the introductory and advanced levels, and new
1 sections of old courses created. It is significant, however,
that most of the new offerings were at the advanced level:
Anthropology, Political Science, Philosophy and Geography
all expanded the training available in their upper years.
Members of the Faculty of Arts and Science, like their
colleagues in other faculties, continued to participate in a
wide variety of services to the community. Many of these,
particularly those of a scientific nature, I will refer to later
in my report. Three, of a more immediate nature, will
serve to illustrate their variety.
Members of the Department of Economics, Political
Science, Sociology and Anthropology are undertaking on
behalf of the federal Department of Citizenship and Immigration a study of contemporary Indian life in British
Columbia. This ambitious project will not only be of great
practical advantage to the government departments concerned, but it also provides a unique opportunity for interdisciplinary co-operation in the acquisition of knowledge
about a group, the contemporary problems of which are
so far not widely understood.
The School of Commerce has inaugurated an out-of-
town training programme in junior management. This
consists of concentrated educational courses given in their
own communities to groups organized by the members themselves. As an illustration, each week members of the School
of Commerce travelled to Vernon on Friday night, lectured
for several hours on Saturday and returned to Vancouver
Saturday night, a not inconsiderable effort. But the effort
expended by members of the classes was even greater—it is
estimated that ten hours of reading, essay writing and other
preparations was demanded of each member of these classes
each week.
12 This junior management programme is not unlike
a third type of activity involving faculty participation—the
holding of institutes or short courses on the campus in
special fields; for municipal administrators, teachers, labor
unionists and members of the armed forces. For instance,
during one week in the autumn, Navy, Army and Air Force
officers attended a seminar held on the campus centering
on the subject of the Atlantic Alliance and European cooperation. The lectures for this series were given, and the
discussion led, by members of the Arts Faculty.
There were fewer retirements in the faculty last year
than for several years preceding. After serving the University for thirty-eight years, Dr. A. H. Hutchinson retired
from the Headship of the Department of Biology and
Botany. He is succeeded by Professor T. M. C. Taylor,
a graduate of our own university. Dr. Malcolm McGregor
became head of the Department of Classics, succeeding
Dr. Harry Logan; and Dr. Ian McTaggart Cowan succeeded Dr. Clemens as head of the Department of Zoology.
Dr. Wesley Topping, who had taught sociology in the Faculty for many years, left on leave of absence in anticipation
of his retirement this spring.
Faculty of Applied Science
The core of the Faculty of Applied Science is the Department of Engineering, though the professional schools
of Architecture and of Nursing are also attached to it. Its
activities are so diverse as to defy general description. The
Department of Mechanical Engineering, for example, had
among its projects during the session the designing and construction of a new wind tunnel, equipment necessary in
the development of aeronautics and also thermodynamics.
13 REGISTftATNON FOR J 95 2 -53
GRADUATE STUDIES (Social Worfc, Bachclnr PP £ductjrinn und r>th«,
graduate degrees ine!ud»d>
350       500       ?50        (000     1250      1500     1750
-AfiULTV    Of    ART* AN0
Ajt|   (jnd   ^CW*CJ 5S£0
Hun* 5smo"ln MJ
Phyilcal Ldveeilrx 117
T«icK#» Trolnlu I DO
S414I Wifk * J
13 J
TrxK)    2250    !5M
Aflfi'OATlJSI isa
LA* H(i
14 The Department of Civil Engineering was occupied
with research on the flows and shifts of the Fraser River, the
tides of Vancouver harbour, and with the dam and other
works at Seton Creek. These problems were studied by
means of elaborate scale models of the actual waterways and
this research is continuing.
In the Department of Electrical Engineering, work is
being done on the possibility of guiding migrating fish by
electrical means, such as current pulses. This work, like
that on the Seton Creek Dam, is being done in co-operation
with the International Pacific Salmon Commission.
Faculty of Medicine
The Faculty of Medicine in the year under review saw
their first graduates receive their degrees of Doctor of Medicine from the University. These first students have studied
in what is largely temporary accommodation, but as I write
I am happy to be able to announce that the construction of
a new building at the Vancouver General Hospital for the
clinical departments of the Faculty is being proceeded with.
The campus Medical Sciences building, however, remains
in the "discussion" stage, with the result that the faculty
is still forced to instruct the first two years of the school in
temporary quarters, which constitute a worrying fire hazard.
The growth of the Medical Faculty will probably be
less dramatic in the next few years than it has been in the
last four. Enrolment is at the capacity of the laboratories
and clinical facilities to provide training, and the growth
of the faculty itself has been confined to a few new appointments in the various departments. We will continue to
depend on those members of the profession living in the
neighbourhood of Vancouver who give generously of their
time as honorary instructors and professors. The permanent teaching staff, however, is finding it possible to turn
15 more of its attention to research in the fundamental problems of medicine. I am happy to acknowledge here the
considerable sums received from the funds of national and
international associations, and organizations of the Federal
Government; I feel that the size of these grants indicates in
a most satisfying way the national and international prestige
the departments and laboratories of this faculty are gaining.
Faculty of Law
The Faculty of Law instituted in 1954 a new series of
labour law round tables, with the assistance of practising
members of the legal profession and the provincial and federal departments of labour. These round tables, the first
of which had to do with the legal meaning of certification
and de-certification of trade unions, are part of an expanding programme by the law school for continuing education
for the legal profession. Further round tables are planned
on allied topics, such as conciliation, and the negotiation of
collective agreements.
The Faculty of Law has continued to publish, with
great success, "Case Books" on many of the subjects taught
at the Law School. The first of these books, which contain
a selection of the leading court cases on a given topic, chosen
so as to illustrate the present state of the law, was published
in 1947; since that time fourteen volumes have been published. Their success has been striking, not only are they
used intensively in conjunction with the lecturing in our
own law school, but they are also to be found in use at
seven other Canadian law schools.
Over half the legal profession in British Columbia are
now graduates of our law faculty, and many of them still
find these books, though prepared primarily for teaching,
of great use in their daily practice.
16 Faculty of Agriculture
At the end of the academic year, the University saw the
retirement of three members of the Faculty of Agriculture
who had all given many years of distinguished service to the
University and to the Province. Professor H. M. King,
head of the Department of Animal Husbandry; Professor
D. G. Laird, Professor of Soils, and Professor G. G. Moe,
head of the Department of Agronomy, were appointed Professors Emeritus, and take with them the very sincere thanks
and best wishes of the University.
The Faculty of Agriculture has a long and valued tradition in the Province of providing information, advice, and
training to farmers and ranchers. Extension lectures were
given both on the coast and in the interior on aspects of
agricultural economics, poultry husbandry, agricultural
mechanics, and soil, and the extensive research within the
faculty has, in many cases, also been directly connected with
problems of B.C. agriculture. It would be wrong to conclude, however, that the immediate benefits of the work of
our Faculty of Agriculture is confined to our own agricultural community. With the advent of the Colombo Plan,
and of similar schemes which are designed to give assistance
to under-developed countries, the University has welcomed
numerous students from abroad—and several of these have
enrolled in Agriculture. Indeed, about fifteen percent of
the students in the Faculty have come from other countries,
a fraction well above that in the University as a whole.
Faculty of Pharmacy
Training in the Faculty of Pharmacy consists of three
years' instruction following a year of practical work under
a  qualified  pharmacist.    This   professional  syllabus  has
17 helped to bring about very close co-operation between the
faculty and the profession in the Province. During the
past year, outside activity in the faculty was chiefly directed
toward the conduct of refresher courses in various aspects
of the field. One such, for example, was held for hospital
pharmacists in the Vancouver area. Another was held in
Kelowna for members of the profession in the Okanagan
district, and a larger, third course was given in Nelson in
connection with the annual convention of the British Columbia Pharmaceutical Association.
Faculty of Forestry
The Forestry staff continued its co-operation with forestry and industrial associations in Canada and the United
States, and also had the pleasure of entertaining Dean
emeritus Samuel T. Dana, of the University of Michigan,
who delivered the H. R. MacMillan lecture on "Forest Policy in the United States."
The Faculty has long had the use, for teaching and
demonstration purposes, of the University forest belt lying
to the south and west of the campus. In 1949, however, the
Provincial Government gave the University a block of
land of about 9000 acres near Haney, and representatives
of the forest industry contributed the necessary buildings
for an on-site training establishment. The Faculty has
since then used this for many instructional purposes, such
as mensuration, cruising and forest management. The
forest management programme, involving survey and planning, was brought to a stage last year where it was possible
to "dedicate" the forest as a tree-farm under the programme of the Canadian Forestry Association. This was
the first "tree-farm" of this type in British Columbia, and
it is hoped that the University's example will inspire other
18 owners of suitable tracts to "dedicate" their forests to planned management aimed at continual forest growth, protection and reproduction. Already, owners of over 300,000
additional acres have converted their holdings to "tree-
I should like to draw special attention to the publication by the undergraduate Forest Club of a "Forestry Handbook for British Columbia." The material for this 360-page
reference book, containing information on almost every
aspect of the forester's profession, was gathered by undergraduates over a three-year period. It has already achieved
a most satisfactory circulation, and plans are on foot to
revise it for a new edition in a few years' time. To the best
of my understanding, it is the first manual of this particular
kind published in North America.-
University Extension and Summer Session
In my report to you last year I discussed at some length
the accomplishments and the ambitions of our Department
of University Extension. In 1953-54 the staff concentrated
its efforts on meeting as many as possible of the extension
adult education groups and their leaders throughout the
Province, and on consolidating and improving our services
on their behalf. I should also mention the Department's
Summer Programme held on the campus. Enrolment in
this non-credit session increased from 380 to 484 students;
the success of courses in art, music and drama was particularly encouraging and indicated an unexpectedly wide interest in opera, which we hope to nourish in coming
The regular University Summer Session was attended
by some 1150 students, of whom 60 percent were teachers.
Both these figures indicate a slight increase over the previous
19 summer, and were in accord with the increase in the number of courses offered. As is customary in the Summer
Session, about one-third of the courses were taught by visitors from other universities in Canada and abroad. We were
glad to welcome them to our campus for this intensive but
highly stimulating period.
Research and Scholarship
I should like now to turn from the activities of the
individual faculties and schools to the general activity of
scientific and scholarly research in which all their members
are to a varying extent engaged. The first claim on the time
and effort of faculty members is made by the students.
After these claims have been satisfied, however, the university teacher becomes a researcher, seeking to advance
knowledge in his own field by laboratory experiment, direct
enquiry, or investigation of written material. Since the
methods of research differ with the varying fields of knowledge, I would like to mention three separate aspects of
these methods, the importance of which may vary from field
to field.
In the first place certain types of research involve very
considerable sums of money. Some of the University departments receive large sums from the National Research
Council, the Defence Research Board, from other agencies
of the Federal and Provincial governments, from the endowment funds set up by associations and from private business
firms. Much of the assistance from these outside sources
is paid through the University, and it alone amounted to
over half a million dollars in the last fiscal year. Over and
above all research monies allocated to the University from
outside sources, the University annually allocates the
modest   sum   of   $20,000   for   faculty   research   projects
Humanities and Social Sciences
Applied Sciences	
Agriculture .^.,..4
Forestry   ...w^j..
21 not otherwise sponsored. As might be expected, most sponsored research is in the natural, medical and other applied
sciences. It is more surprising that we too should employ
more than one-half of our funds for research in these same
fields. At the present time about 20 percent of the total is
awarded to research projects in the humanities and the social
sciences, and another 20 percent to agriculture. About
3 percent last year went to Forestry.
I am very hopeful that we will be able to find more
funds for the humanities and social sciences in the near
future. As things are at present, there are very few outside
sources of money available for these disciplines. In this
connection, I might mention the "Canada Fellowships"
which were proposed by the Royal Commission on Arts,
Letters and Sciences. Noting the excellent results achieved
by the National Research Council in encouraging work in
the sciences in Canada it recommended a similar system
of awards to be known (in part) as the Canada Fellowships
to encourage advanced and mature work in the humanities,
the social sciences and law. In the meantime, it is, perhaps,
in such fields that the University's own funds can make an
interim contribution.
The Library
I must also mention the place of the University Library
in the research process. It is all too easy to imagine the
extension of knowledge as being a process which involves the acquisition of new facts about our physical environment, and to forget that every researcher must compare
his accomplishments with those of his colleagues in other
places; and must in most cases take the discoveries or speculations of his colleagues elsewhere as the starting point for
his own work.   One of the tasks of the library is to have
22 available and accessible current reports, in the academic
journals, on progress in research all over the world. Further,
as this work becomes consolidated in books on each of the
disciplines, the acquisitions department of the Library must
acquire annually an ever-increasing number of volumes, in
an attempt to keep pace with new investigations and new
publications. At the present time the Library receives nearly 4000 periodicals; a staff of thirteen is needed to keep
track of current numbers as they come in, arrange for the
orderly acquisition of back numbers as they become available, and bind them into completed volumes from year to
In its reference division the Library handles queries
from faculty, graduates, undergraduates, and from other
universities. In addition, it is now becoming possible to
give undergraduates more ready access to the main book
stacks. This leads to better and fuller use being made of
the main collection by a wider group of students. Nearly
ten thousand books were added to the collection during the
year. In common with the rest of the world of learning, we
have found that we have no choice in the matter of providing library materials for instruction and research. Alternatives may sometimes be found for other university equipment and service, but not for the Library. And its costs
characteristically cumulate; it is more expensive to add a
volume to a library of a million books than to a smaller one
since cataloguing and indexing, carrying, filing and shelving are more complex. As a library improves, it is more
heavily used, more books are borrowed, more visitors come
from other campuses. If the university of which it is a part
is also progressing in enrolment, breadth of activity, and research, the library should absorb an increasing fraction of
the university's resources.
Ppi Mnnrh
40 WO
37 500
H :ii-|
32 500
JO 000
27 50Q
FiNi Asny
22 SOC
20 OOO
1 7 5O0
15 OOO
!' 50G
m. ^
2 L.'. 0
Sept.      Oct.      Nov.       Dec.       Jan.       Feb.      Mar.      Apr.      May      June      July      Aug.
Feb.       Mar.
May       June       July       Aug.
Loon Desk    3,210    12,951    11,852     6,574    11,835    14,342    15,576     6,859   1,943    1,841      5,504   3,315
56     4,816   3,327
Book Room   2,014    11,394    12,618      6,877      8,906      9,309    12,686    10,819 60
Reference \
FineArts    > 2,176      7,776      7,784      3,457      6,614      7,711      7,985      4,556    1,638    1,380      2,488    1,857
Biomedical J
Totals ' 7,390   32,121    32,254    16,908   27,355   31,362   36,247   22,234   3,641    3,277    12,808   8,499
24 Finally, in the process of advancing knowledge comes
the stage at which new work is published and made available to the world at large. Each year the University publishes a bibliography of the published works of the faculty
in book and article form. Almost all of these works appear
in learned journals and books published elsewhere. As in
many other matters, the University is not yet advanced far
in the matter of undertaking its own publishing, and we
have a long way to go before we can hope to emulate our
older sister institutions which publish many volumes each
year. However, a start has been made, and already a limited
number of research dissertations, public addresses and
bibliographic studies have appeared under our sponsorship.
During the last year we have made arrangements with a
well-known firm to publish jointly with them. We hope
that we shall be able to undertake the publication of work
which has special relevance to the B.C. community.
Public Occasions
In this final section of my report, I should like to turn
to those events which have not been part of our regular
routine but rather events of particular importance in which
the whole University has in some way been interested or has
In the twelve months which I have covered in this report we held only our two regular convocations; in each
of them we conferred degrees on those graduating in course,
and in addition had the privilege of conferring honorary
degrees upon a number of distinguished Canadians.
At the autumn congregation in October 1953, 268 students graduated and the degree of Doctor of Laws, honoris
causa, was awarded to Mr. Percy R. Bengough of Ottawa,
25 President of the Trades and Labour Congress of Canada;
The Most Reverend W. M. Duke, Roman Catholic Archbishop of Vancouver; and Mr. Rhys M. Sale, President of
the Ford Motor Company of Canada in Windsor, Ontario.
Mr. L. W. Guichon, of Quilchena, B.C., was awarded the
degree of Doctor of Science, honoris causa. Dr. Sale delivered
the congregation address.
On the first day of the Spring Congregation three eminent medical scientists, Dr. George Brock Chisholm of Victoria, B.C., formerly Director of the World Health Organization; Dr. George Frederic Strong of Vancouver; and Dr.
Ethlyn Trapp of Vancouver were recipients of the degree of
Doctor of Science, honoris causa. The congregation address
was given by Dr. Brock Chisholm.
On the second day of the Spring Congregation, degrees of Doctor of Laws, honoris causa, were conferred
on The Right Honourable Vincent Massey, P.C., C.H.,
Governor-General of Canada; Mr. Hugh Neil MacCorkin-
dale, former Superintendent of Schools, Vancouver; and
the Honourable Joseph Roberts Smallwood, Premier and
Minister of Economic Development of the Province of Newfoundland. The Right Honourable Vincent Massey was the
congregation speaker. On both days a total of 853 students
A more unusual experience was our participation in
the Columbia University bicentennial celebrations. These
took the form of a week devoted to public meetings, lectures,
seminars and discussions on the subject "Man's Right to
Knowledge and the Free Use Thereof."
This programme was dedicated to drawing attention to
man's right to obtain, use and disseminate knowledge, and
to arguing that only the free use of these rights is conducive
26 to a peaceful and free existence. This challenging argument
was enlarged upon, supported and debated by students,
members of faculty, members of the community, and by a
distinguished visitor, Professor Irwin Edman, Johnsonian
Professor of Philosophy at Columbia University, who delivered lectures on "The Return to Reasonableness" and
"Knowledge as Freedom." In thus co-operating in this
continent-wide salutation of Columbia University, we were
joined and supported by the Vancouver Canadian Club,
who made it possible for Professor Edman to visit Vancouver.
Finally, both because it must end my report and because it took place toward the end of the academic year,
there occurred the British Empire Games. Like the other
two events I have mentioned, this was a "public occasion,"
and like them it involved in greater or lesser degree the participation and interest of the whole University.
Three aspects call for particular mention. The first
is the use of our housing facilities as the temporary home
of the visitors for the Games. Its usual summertime
calm gone, Acadia Camp was transformed into a bustling,
cosmopolitan "Empire Village," populated by over 700 athletes of many tongues, who also used the stadium, the playing fields and the gymnasiums from 6 a.m. to darkness each
day. Only the cyclists and the rowers used training facilities
elsewhere. The university oval was brought into first-class
condition; many of the huts were altered or refurbished;
special meals were prepared to cater to foreign diets (and
to unusually large appetites!).
In addition, the University was the site of the swimming and diving competitions. A fine new swimming pool
was built with funds supplied by the British Empire Games
27 Society on the campus, and has now become the property
of the University. The new pool, the swimming and diving
events, the fine weather, the training athletes, the Village
and the general air of excitement attracted thousands of
spectators and tourists to the campus—perhaps more people
were on the campus than at any time in the University's
Finally, we are proud that our role was not confined to
that of being hosts. Two of our longer-distance runners
competed in the early trials, and one of them ran in the final
of the six-mile at the Games. A freshette, Alice Whitty, took
third place in the women's high-jump final. And I need
not mention the magnificent feat of the rowing team, which
first astounded Canadian oarsmen by winning the Canadian
Henley Regatta, and then went on, representing Canada,
to secure the Games championship over Great Britain by
three lengths. This victory depended chiefly upon the fine
spirit and determination of the crew and their coach, and
is one we will not soon forget.
Apart from the athletes, other members of the University also participated in the Games in their own right. The
Director of the School of Physical Education, Mr. R. F.
Osborne, was vice-president of the B.E.G. Association in
Vancouver, and assistant manager of the whole Canadian
team. To him went the heavy task of acting simultaneously
as host, co-ordinator and coach. Beside him were dozens of
other members of the student body and the faculty connected with arrangements for grounds, equipment, catering, health, ceremonies, housing and for particular sports
such as track, fencing and wrestling.
The Games themselves were a fine display of amateur
sportsmanship and amateur achievement—no one who saw
28 it is ever likely to forget the magnificent mile of Roger Bannister and John Landy, or the agony of Peters in the Marathon—and I would like to take this opportunity of paying
public tribute to Mr. Stanley Smith of Vancouver, President of the B.E.G. Society, and to all those who worked so
hard and well with him to make them a triumphant success.
April 1, 1953 to March 31, 1954
Provincial Government Grant
Student Fees
Grants for Teaching and Research
Government of Canada Grant
Supplies and
Teaching Cost
(Including Library)
$  695,289.96
i   n
12.50c 3.84c 1.92c
41 00c
7,13c 10 88c 2 67c
33.45c     3.82c 11.81c  7.62c
29.11c      11.94c   13.79c 2.38c
14.44c     11.24c   2 52c
24.68c 1541c      10.39c 4.11c
3.00c    17.92c   5.25c   14.51c
5.88c   14.48c   5.37c    1456c
■ I I
9 68c        17.63c      6.34c   5 20c
10.67c     14.90c   5.50c  5 90c
1.87c    15.45c   5.33c 4,63c
16 50c    10.26c 5.40c 2 44c


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