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The President's Report 1970-1971 1971

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REPORT
1970-1971
The report of
President Walter H. Gage
to the Senate and
Board of Governors of
The University of British Columbia
for the academic year
September 1, 1970, to August 31, 1971
Vancouver, Canada The President of The University of British Columbia. Dr. Walter ll.
Gage, centre, is assisted in the day-dr-day operations of UBC In-' two
deputy presidents, Mr  William Armstrong, left, and Mr  William White. The Board of Governors and Senate,
The University of British Columbia.
Ladies and Gentlemen:
My report to you for the 1970-71 academic year deals, in large
measure, with the major problems that currently confront the
University in its continuing efforts to improve educational facilities for
students and faculty members, and the progress which has been made in
recent years in the revision of the curriculum, the improvement of
teaching and the introduction of new programs.
As I note in my report, some of the problems which face the
University seems as intractable today as when they first became
apparent some years ago. On the other hand, it is possible to point to
areas where progress has been made in attaining the goal of creating an
environment where teaching, learning and research can flourish.
In dealing with these problems, as President of The University of
British Columbia, I am encouraged by the support and active
co-operation given to me by all segments of the University community,
including the Board of Governors, Senate, faculty, students, alumni and
staff.
Yours sincerely,
Walter H. Gage
President Problems and Progress
In reviewing the material submitted to me for this report on the
academic year which began on September 1, 1970, and ended on
August 31, 1971, I was struck by two things. First, it is apparent that
the many problems that confront the University are being dealt with on
an intense and continuing basis at all levels of the University
community, and second, that many of these difficulties are not
amenable to quick and easy solutions. Many problems are little closer
to solution today than when they became apparent some years ago,
although in other cases notable progress has been made.
In dealing with these problems what is often lost sight of by many
critics of University policies and programs is what I believe to be the
overriding concern of all those who make up the University community
— the creation for students and faculty members of an environment in
which learning, teaching and research can flourish and the highest
standards of excellence attained. In the first part of this report I should
like to deal with some of the areas where, on the one hand, I feel the
greatest problems lie and, on the other, where significant progress has
been made in attaining this goal.
Perhaps the most acute problem area for UBC currently is that of
providing  modern  buildings and  facilities for students and faculty members. The casual visitor to the campus cannot help but be
impressed with the physical growth and development of the campus in
the last decade. Much of this impression is deceptive however, and
several important academic areas of the University continue to occupy
sub-standard accommodation or are overcrowded in inadequate
facilities.
Despite the completion in this academic year of a new west wing for
the Biological Sciences Building, two departments which occupy this
facility — Zoology and Botany — are still hard-pressed for space to
accommodate undergraduate laboratories and cannot avoid night
laboratories. The Institute of Oceanography, for example, which deals
with an area of study of great importance for B.C. and Canada, is still
partly housed in wooden army huts that seriously hamper the
Institute's teaching and research program.
The Department of Chemistry has now reached the limit of
innovation and renovation in space, and overcrowding of graduate and
undergraduate laboratories has reached a point where safety has
become a matter for concern. The department's recent efforts to
develop new interdisciplinary studies in bio-organic, bio-inorganic and
bio-physical chemistry are being restricted because of a lack of suitable
laboratory space. A similar situation exists in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences, where teaching laboratories are described by
Dean Michael Shaw as being "grossly inadequate."
The Henry Angus Building, which houses the Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration and the social science departments of the
Faculty of Arts, is also desperately overcrowded and in the near future
some new facilities will have to be provided for one or more of the
academic units accommodated in this building.
In addition, the University Library system continues to experience
problems of overcrowding. Portions of some collections in the Main
Library have had to be put into storage because of a lack of shelf space
and there appears to be no relief in sight for the Faculty of Education
6 The new west wing of the Biological Sciences Building, shown at right
above, provides office and laboratory accommodation for the
Departments of Botany and Zoology and the Institute of
Oceanography. Some of the work of the Institute is still carried out in
converted wooden army huts brought to the campus at the end of
World War Two. curriculum laboratory, which experienced a 30.5 per cent increase in
use in 1970-71.
And finally, the Faculty of Applied Science, which for many years
has had plans for a new development between University Boulevard and
Agronomy Road, has been able to realize its plans only in part. As a
result, the Department of Mechanical Engineering is still housed in
facilities which were built in 1925 and the Department of Civil
Engineering is increasingly pressed for space in a building which also
houses the University's Computer Centre and the Department of
Computer Science.
The most serious barrier to correcting the conditions described above
is the lack of adequate capital for the construction of new buildings. A
survey of building needs currently being undertaken by a committee of
the University Senate has revealed that there is an almost immediate
need for some $40,000,000 for new construction. The University's
grant from the provincial government for capital purposes in the year
under review is $6,000,000 and if our grants continue at this rate it will
take between six and seven years for us to meet the backlog of need. In
the meantime, there will have been a further deterioration of existing
facilities and new needs will have become apparent.
It should also be remembered that since the University was
established at Point Grey 55.8 per cent of the cost of constructing new
facilities at UBC has been obtained from sources other than general
capital grants from the Province of B.C. Looked at another way only
44.2 per cent of the total cost of buildings at UBC has been borne by
the provincial government out of general capital grants. The balance has
been obtained as outright grants from alumni, students, the general
public, industry and the Canada Council or borrowed from sources such
as Central Mortgage and Housing Corporation or banks.
The lack of adequate facilities in some areas has at least two effects.
Students and faculty members cannot hope to attain the standards of
excellence  they  aspire  to  and  the   University's  ability  to  attract
8 outstanding teachers and researchers is seriously handicapped. In the
long run, the inability of the University to modernize its facilities can
only lead to an erosion of the standards of higher education.
In last year's report I drew particular attention to the plight of the
Museum of Anthropology, currently housed in the basement of the
Main Library. UBC possesses one of the world's finest collections of art
of the Indians of the Northwest coast of North America, but most of
the collection gathers dust in dingy storage rooms because the present
museum is too small to display the collection adequately.
In July, 1971, Prime Minister Trudeau announced in Victoria, at
ceremonies marking B.C.'s entry into Confederation, that $2.5 million
of a $10 million federal government gift to the province had been
earmarked for a Museum of Man at UBC. Planning is now underway to
develop a unique museum where the UBC collection will be available
for viewing by the general public.
A second area of concern for the University in recent years has been
that of teaching. In my report on the previous academic year I
recounted how I have emphasized to deans and departments heads the
necessity of hiring quality instructors and improving the quality of
teaching. I also summarized in my last report the efforts that a number
of faculties were making to improve classroom teaching. These efforts
have continued in the 1970-71 academic year and I should like to
describe some of them briefly.
In the Faculty of Arts two committees on instruction — the
Committee on the Improvement of Instruction and the Committee for
the Dissemination of Ideas About Teaching — were amalgamated into a
single Committee for the Evaluation and Improvement of Teaching
under the chairmanship of Prof. Cortland Hultberg.
The chief activity of this seven-man committee in the year under
review was to conduct a survey of every department and school in the
Faculty of Arts to determine the concrete steps which had been
undertaken to assess teaching. The committee was concerned with the
9 assessment methods that had been instituted and the plans that each of
these academic units had for assessing teaching and improving the
quality of instruction. The committee also offered to assist departments
and schools in the establishment of machinery that would aid them in
this assessment. The committee is also considering publication of a
newsletter on teaching for distribution within the faculty.
The Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration introduced a
new course and instruction evaluation which is more comprehensive
than the one used in previous years. A faculty member was director of
the project, which was carried out jointly with the Commerce student
societies. Information gathered by means of a questionnaire was given
to the instructor, the students and the dean and chairmen of divisions
and is intended to be used by instructors to improve their teaching, by
students in choosing their programs and by others to assist in the
evaluation of courses and instruction in the faculty.
In addition, the faculty carried out an experiment in two courses to
see if it was possible to obtain information about the effectiveness of a
course while it was in progress. Procedures were developed which
required frequent meetings between instructors and elected student
representatives. It was found possible to identify a number of
difficulties at an early stage and to take corrective action.
In the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences, the Undergraduate
Society conducted a constructive course evaluation using a
questionnaire of its own devising. The program will be continued in
future years.
In the Faculty of Education a committee has made a close study of
methods of evaluating university teaching and it is expected that
recommendations arising from this report will be implemented in the
coming academic year.
In the Faculty of Applied Science, a Teaching/Learning Committee,
formed in November, 1970, and made up of six faculty members and
three students, has been active. The committee revised a questionnaire,
10 in use in the faculty for some years, to provide a more thorough
evaluation of teaching and began preparation of a booklet for faculty
members which will include three sections: one on the principles of
good teaching, a second on the resources available on the UBC campus
to faculty members who wish to employ visual and other teaching aids
and a third section consisting of the teaching duties, research interests
and background of each member of the faculty. The committee has also
carried out an inventory of all teaching facilities in the faculty and
made arrangements for upgrading those which were sub-standard and
published an occasional newsletter for faculty members. The committee
is also exploring the possibility of introducing a new system of
instruction in which the student will pace his own learning process.
I said in my report last year that I believe that another means of
improving teaching is the Master Teacher Award, established in 1969 by
Dr. Walter Koerner, a member of the Board of Governors, as a tribute
to his brother, Dr. Leon Koerner. The committee which screens
nominations for the awards included representatives of the Graduate
Student Association and the Alma Mater Society among its members in
the 1969-70 academic year. Much to the regret of the committee and
other segments of the University community, neither of these groups
was represented on the committee in the 1970-71 academic year. The
executive of the Graduate Student Association refused to name a
representative to the committee, claiming that the impression that UBC
was an institution dedicated to teaching was a misrepresentation of the
facts and served to reinforce complacency with a promotion and tenure
system that tended to reward those who have neglected teaching for
research. Subsequently, the Students' Council endorsed the stand taken
by the Graduate Student Association executive and also refused to
name a representative to the screening committee.
The regrettable decision by these two groups fails, I believe, to take
into account the fact that a stringent set of criteria has been developed
to screen candidates for the award, criteria which were looked upon as
11 a means of gaining experience in the evaluation of teaching and which
could be applied to all faculty members being considered for promotion
and tenure. The University makes no effort to conceal the fact that too
often students are forced to sit in overcrowded classrooms and that this
situation can lead to impersonal relationships between students and
faculty members, a condition which can give rise to the impression that
teaching is secondary to other pursuits. But I have to take issue with
the criticism that the University deliberately fosters an atmosphere in
which it encourages its academic staff to sacrifice teaching for research
and publishing. Anyone who is familiar with the history of UBC will
know that, in large measure, it has built an enviable reputation based on
the quality of its instruction. I am confident that I have the support of
the majority of the faculty in my endeavors to ensure that teaching
remains a most important function of The University of British
Columbia.
Despite the refusal of the two student groups to name representatives
to the committee, it decided to carry out its duties and in May named
two Master Teachers — Prof. Peter Larkin, of the Department of
Zoology, and Dr. Floyd B. St. Clair, assistant professor of French.
One area in which notable progress has been made in recent years is
that of the revision of the curriculum to ensure that it meets the needs
of today's students. I was impressed, in the reports I received this year
from the faculties, with the wide-ranging changes which were instituted
in the 1970-71 academic year and I will take this opportunity to
summarize them.
In the Faculty of Law a completely revised curriculum was
instituted, in which all but two of the courses in the second and third
years are optional and in which there are more half-term courses than
previously. The new curriculum was put into effect with very little
difficulty and in its first year has appeared to work well.
In the Faculty of Science, the introduction of new undergraduate
courses and the restructuring of some programs have continued the
12 trend toward greater flexibility in the undergraduate science programs.
A combined honors program in Computer Science and Mathematics was
introduced and an honors program in Geophysics established. Special
courses in science for students from the arts faculty have proved to be
increasingly in demand. The faculty has also noted that there has been a
shift of interest on the part of science students, which is reflected in an
increase in courses in the earth and life sciences and a decline in the
physical sciences. It is believed that these shifts are in response to an
increased interest in environmental studies and better opportunities in
the earth science fields at the present time.
The Faculty of Forestry, in the academic year 1970-71,
accomplished a major rearrangement and restructuring of its
undergraduate course offerings. The object of this revision is to
facilitate the entry of students into forestry by transfer from the
regional colleges, to allow students to defer commitment to areas of
specialization until their third year in the faculty, to provide increased
flexibility in designing programs for gifted students and to improve
motivation and orientation in the early years of study in the faculty.
In the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences a pilot project in clinical
pharmacy was carried out in conjunction with Vancouver General
Hospital. The object of the program is to train the student in the
application of his knowledge to the treatment of the patient. It is the
object of the faculty to have the program fully implemented by 1972
and to make this possible further curriculum changes in the fourth year
are being elaborated.
The Faculty of Agricultural Sciences reports that new honors and
major programs, introduced in every department in the previous year,
are operating satisfactorily. The Faculty has also been actively
developing links with allied faculties, such as Applied Science, Forestry
and Science. A new program has been developed by members of the
Department of Agricultural Mechanics and Engineering for the Faculty
of   Applied   Science   and   increased   emphasis   is  being  placed   on
13 environmental studies in the field of agriculture. A high proportion of
the courses offered in the agricultural sciences faculty are concerned
with the effects of environment on agricultural animals and crops and
with environmental management, including the management of animal
wastes and effluents.
The curriculum was in an active state of revision in other faculties
and schools of the University. The Faculty of Education is preparing
extensive changes to both its elementary and secondary programs and
the Faculty of Medicine has several sub-committees working on various
aspects of the curriculum. Long-range, major changes are in the offing.
In the Faculty of Applied Science, an in-depth study of engineering
programs is currently being debated and a major revision in the
curriculum of the School of Nursing is under way, including the
preparation of a program leading to a doctorate.
Equally important was a significant administrative reorganization of
the Faculty of Medicine, which was put into effect at the beginning of
1971. The changes are aimed at up-dating the government and
administration of the faculty after more than two decades of growth.
These examples will serve to illustrate that the University's
curriculum and administrative structure, far from being static, are
constantly under review and are changing in response to the needs of
contemporary students and society.
A number of new academic and research programs were also
introduced during the 1970-71 academic year.
An important development for the native people of British Columbia
was the establishment at the University of an Indian Education
Research and Resource Centre. The Centre, which is run almost entirely
by native Indians, plans, among other things, to develop and distribute
books, articles and other material which will help students, teachers and
education committees to understand Indian cultural life and enable
teachers to meet the needs of Indian children in their classrooms,
sponsor courses and programs on Indian culture and vigorously
14 promote the involvement of Indian people in education
decision-making.
The new centre is a co-operative project of the native Indian teachers
of British Columbia, the Faculty of Education and the Centre for
Continuing Education. Funds to support the work of the centre are
being contributed on a long-term basis by the education division of the
federal Department of Indian Affairs and Northern Development.
A Centre for Transportation Studies, supported by a four-year,
$360,000 grant from the Canadian Transport Commission, was
organized to promote and encourage inter-disciplinary studies in the
field of transportation, which is of major importance for Canada. The
centre, which reports to the dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies,
partially funded 15 research projects undertaken by 12 faculty
members in the academic year under review. The centre's largest
research effort deals with a computer simulation of the Port of
Vancouver, a project which has attracted attention from a number of
international organizations. Early in 1971 Prof. Karl M. Ruppenthal, a
member of the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration and
former director of the transportation management program at Stanford
University, was appointed director of the Centre.
A development of singular importance for B.C. and Canada was the
creation of a Water Resources Research Centre. Over the years a wide
array of UBC scientists with competence in water resources research
have carried out work in this area to the point where, in 1969-70, the
equivalent of seven full-time professorial researchers were working in
the field with financial support totalling about $350,000.
Acting on the advice of a visiting committee of the National
Advisory Board on Water Resources Research, the University decided
to form a research centre to undertake mission-oriented water resources
research projects to facilitate the achievement of national and regional
social objectives and to train and educate water resource specialists and
managers. A third aim of the Centre is to work toward effective liaison
15 with other institutions in society in the adoption and execution of the
best possible policies of water management. The work of the Centre
will be financed by a continuing grant of about $350,000 a year from
the federal government. Prof. Irving K. Fox, a leading expect in the
field of water resources, joined the UBC faculty to direct the work of
the Centre. Prof. Fox is the former head of the Department of Urban
and Regional Planning and director of the Water Resources Centre at
the University of Wisconsin, and was chosen to head the new UBC
centre after an exhaustive search had been made for a competent
director.
The Institute of Animal Resource Ecology continued to expand and
in the academic year under review initiated the Vancouver Regional
Simulation Study, a project unique in North America, which involves
students and faculty members from 15 different University
departments as well as representatives of the City of Vancouver, the
Vancouver Regional District and the Department of Municipal Affairs
of the provincial government.
The object of the study is to develop a simulation model of the
Lower Mainland of British Columbia with the intent of producing a
device by which citizens, politicians, civil servants and academics can
explore the consequences of alternate policies of regional development.
Another development in the Faculty of Graduate Studies was the
organization of an Institute of Applied Mathematics and Statistics. In
its first year of operation the institute staged a number of seminars,
inaugurated a statistical consulting service and supervised the work of
five graduate students.
Several new academic programs were initiated during the year. In the
Faculty of Graduate Studies a program leading to the degree of Master
of Science in Business Administration was introduced and the faculty is
currently considering proposals for six new doctoral programs and two
master's programs.   In  the Faculty of Arts a program leading to a
16 Bachelor of Science degree in Geography and a Bachelor of Fine Arts
studio program were initiated.
Finally, The University of British Columbia Press was established
during the academic year to succeed the UBC Publications Centre,
which was established in 1961. The Press, which plans to publish ten
books in its first year of operation, will emphasize four general areas in
its program — Asia and the Pacific, Canadian literature, western Canada
and international law. These are all areas in which the former
Publications Centre had been publishing.
In the 18 months prior to the announcement of the Press, a
reorganization and expansion of the Publications Centre took place
under Mr. Anthony Blicq, who came to UBC from Oxford University
Press in England, and who will serve as director of the new Press. The
existence of a University press on the west coast of Canada will provide
a greater opportunity for the research and work being done in this
region to be made known and available internationally. It should also
serve as a stimulus to scholarly study of many aspects of western
Canada. Before the end of the academic year the Press published its
first volume. The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North
America, 1810 to 1914, by Mr. Barry Gough, a UBC graduate.
In my report for the previous academic year I dwelt at some length
on the many debates in the University Senate which were concerned
with enrolment policy, long-range objectives and other matters of
concern to the University community. During the 1970-71 academic
year the Senate was again called on to debate several matters of
widespread interest and I would like to deal with these briefly.
The question of foreign academics teaching in Canada and the need
for increased emphasis on Canadian studies were the subjects of a
number of debates and motions at several meetings of Senate late in
1970 and early in 1971. At a lengthy debate in December, 1969, Senate
rejected a proposal that a survey should be undertaken of all courses in
all  faculties to determine which had relevance to either French or
17 SUMMARY OF REVENUE AND EXPENDITURE
(Excluding Capital Additions to Endowment, Student Loan and Capital Development Funds)
April 1, 1970 to March 31, 1971
GENERAL FUNDS
TRUST FUNDS
TOTAL
1969-1970
For Specific
Revenue
Percent
Purposes
Per cent
Per cent
Percent
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
$46,279,870
78.2
$
—
$46,279,870
61.6
$38,868,554
57.9
Student Fees
10,413,910
-17.6
—
—
10,413,910
13.9
10,441,390
15.6
Services
1,884,265
3.2
994,869
6.2
2,879,134
3.8
2,242,338
3.3
Endowment Income
—
—
1,027,121
6.4
1,027,121
1.4
1,256,888
1.9
Sponsored or Assisted Research
—
—
11,753,586
73.5
11,753,586
15.6
11,138,650
16.6
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
—
—
2,124,813
13.3
2,124,813
2.8
2,423,100
3.6
Miscellaneous
571,853
1.0
89,059
0.6
660,912
0.9
723,075
1.1
$59,149,898
100.0
$15,989,448
100.0
$75,139,346
100.0
$67,093,995
100.0
Expenditure
Academic
$42,633,534
72.1
$ 1,555,372
9.7
$44,188,906
58.8
$37,956,253
56.6
Libraries
4,617,039
7.8
39,307
0.2
4,656,346
6.2
4,060,977
6.1
Sponsored or Assisted Research
(         90,034)
(    0.2)
10,926,032
68.3
10,835,998
14.4
11,027,951
16.4
Administration
2,200,773
3.7
19,043
0.1
2,219,816
3.0
1,911,365
2.8
Student Services
905,660
1.5
438,906
2.8
1,344,566
1.8
1,190,709
1.8
Plant Maintenance
5,926,468
10.0
36,571
0.2
5,963,039
7.9
5,219,228
7.8
Renovations and Alterations
1,961,780
3.3
—
—
1,961,780
2.6
2,278,982
3.4
Scholarships and Bursaries
858,742
1.5
1,462,782
9.2
2,321,504
3.1
2,230,267
3.3
General Expenses
145,269
0.3
(               77)
(    0.0)
145,192
0.2
152,783
0.2
Land, Buildings and Equipment
—
—
—
—
—
—
603,907
0.9
Ancillary Enterprises (Net)
84,730
$59,243,961
0.2
100.2
—
90.5
84,730
$73,721,877
0.1
98.1
4,804
$66,637,226
0.0
$14,477,916
99.3
Reserves carried forward from
1970-71 to meet Expenditures in
1971-72 - General Purposes
($       94,063)
(    0.2)
—
—
($       94,063)
(    0.1)
$     115,372
0.2
— Specific Purposes
—
100.0
1,511,532
$15,989,448
9.5
100.0
1,511,532
$75,139,346
2.0
100.0
341,397
$67,093,995
0.5
$59,149,898
100.0
18
19 English Canada. While Senate felt such a survey was neither appropriate
nor desirable, several participants in the debate clearly wished Senate to
make a statement about the necessity of encouraging Canadian content
in appropriate courses.
In January, 1971, Senate returned to this topic and debated at length
a motion encouraging faculty members "in the preparation and
presentation'of their courses to include significant Canadian content,
where it is appropriate to fulfill the objectives of the courses." This
proposal fared little better than the previous one and the matter was
referred to a committee for study.
Finally, at its February meeting, Senate approved the following
motion without discussion:
"Whereas members of Senate are concerned that students, in their
academic progress, should have broad opportunities to understand the
Canadian heritage and assess the future of Canada:
"Senate recognizes our continuing commitment to encourage
Canadian as well as international outlooks and urges faculty to renew
its concern to ensure that Canadian content and illustrative material are
available to students where appropriate to the academic objectives of
courses offered."
As a followup to these debates Senate approved a motion at its
March, 1971, meeting calling on the University's Board of Governors
"to actively provide funds to increase the research capability of the
University in matters of Canadian concern .. ." The intention of the
motion was to place on record Senate's belief that to put on courses of
a university calibre, appropriate back-up research, particularly in the
humanities and social sciences, was needed.
At the same meeting Senate debated and approved a motion
adopting the policy of advertising vacant faculty and administrative
positions nationally in at least one Canadian publication in addition to
the magazine University Affairs, published by the Association of
Universities and Collges of Canada. The motion also called for UBC to
20 send notice of such vacancies to every Canadian university which offers
graduate training in the concerned discipline(s). In order to provide for
emergency appointments Senate approved a second motion approving
such appointments without advertising but requiring Senate to be
informed when emergency appointments are made.
Earlier in the academic year Senate received a report on pollution
research from a committee established as the result of a Senate
resolution in the previous academic year. The committee found that
UBC faculty members in many varied disciplines are involved in
teaching and research in the field of pollution and many meaningful
research projects are in the planning stage. The report also suggested
that the overall problem of pollution should be approached on an
inter-disciplinary basis so that all aspects of the problem and the
possible effects of a suggested course of action may be considered.
The University took two steps later in the academic year to ensure
that potential pollution problems on the UBC campus were dealt with.
Mr. William Rachuk, UBC's radiation protection officer since 1966, was
appointed campus pollution control officer and will be responsible, as
part of his additional duties, to ensure that departments and faculties
dispose of chemically or biologically dangerous materials safely. In
July, 1971, the University's Board of Governors approved the
expenditure of $140,795 for the purchase and installation of
equipment designed to dispose of dangerous chemical wastes. The new
facility will be built at the extreme southern end of the South Campus
research area, where a unit for disposing of pathological waste is already
located.
The Senate also approved the establishment during the academic year
of two committees that will undertake major studies. The first, chaired
by Prof. Robert M. Clark, the Academic Planner, will deal with
undergraduate student performance. Included in the committee's terms
of reference will be an investigation of the role of examinations, marks,
various standards in marking at UBC and a comparison of marking
21 standards at UBC with those of other leading universities. A second
major study, to be undertaken by a committee under the chairmanship
of Dr. A.J. McClean, dean of the Faculty of Law, will investigate and
advise on possible changes in the Universities Act.
At the February, 1971, meeting of UBC's Senate, the University
Librarian, Mr. Basil Stuart-Stubbs, reported on the operations of the
Library system for the previous year and detailed for Senate the
enormous growth of this important campus facility in the previous
decade. His statistics reflect an astounding growth to meet the
ever-increasing needs of the University community, not just for books,
but for maps, government documents, periodicals and the multitude of
printed and visual materials needed for reference and scholarship. Over
a period of ten years, to cite only a few statistics, Library loans
increased 320.9 per cent, reflecting the increasing intensity of library
use; Library expenditures increased 216.7 per cent; staff increased from
103 to 394 and branch libraries for mathematics, ecology, forestry and
agriculture and social work were established.
This growth has not been accomplished without growing pains.
Library facilities on the campus are often strained to the limit and the
number of study spaces available — 5,000 at the time the report was
made to Senate — is well below the number which should be provided
for a student body of some 20,000. Some relief from overcrowding is in
sight, however. During the 1970-71 academic year the Board of
Governors awarded a contract for construction of a new $3.3 million
Sedgewick Undergraduate Library to seat 2,000 students and house
180,000 volumes. The new Library is being constructed under the Main
Mall of the University, an architectural solution which makes it possible
to preserve the northern red oaks lining the Main Mall and which will
permit the University to reopen the Mall to pedestrian traffic after the
building is complete.
The growth rate of the Library has not slowed during the academic
year. By the end of 1971, Mr. Stuart-Stubbs predicts, UBC's Library
22 New Sedgewick Undergraduate Library, shown in model form above, is
under construction under the Main Mall of the University between the
Mathematics Building, top left, and the Ladner Clock Tower, which
dominates the plaza in front of the Main Library. When construction of
the new Library is complete, the Main Mall of the University will be
re-established as a pedestrian walkway linking the north and south
sections of the central campus. The new Library will contain some
180,000 volumes and seat 2,000 students. 23 will be the second largest in Canada, with a collection exceeding a
million and a half volumes, 700,000 government documents and
1,300,000 microforms. In order to rationalize book collections and
their use, the Librarians of the three public universities are co-operating
to ensure that there is no unnecessary duplication and undue effort in
acquiring new material. Already arrangements have been made for the
mutual use of University collections by all faculty members and
graduate students and special loan arrangements are being planned for
undergraduate students at universities and colleges. During the
academic year nearly 10,000 items were lent or copied by the UBC
Library for other institutions in the province.
During the 1970-71 academic year the Board awarded contracts to
enable construction to start on the following projects: the Sedgewick
Undergraduate Library, the Geological Sciences Centre, a new
classroom and laboratory unit for the Departments of Civil and
Mechanical Engineering, an office and seminar annex to the Buchanan
Building, a building to house the Divisions of Audiology and Speech
Sciences and Medical Genetics of the Department of Pediatrics and the
Department of Health Care and Epidemiology, all part of the Faculty
of Medicine; phase two of the Physical Education Complex and the
purchase of equipment to burn dangerous chemical wastes. In addition,
the Board approved a number of contracts related to the development
of the TRIUMF Project, the new cyclotron being constructed on UBC's
South Campus.
Only three units were completed during the academic year: the new
west wing of the Biological Sciences Building, the addition to the Thea
Koerner Graduate Student Centre and stage one of the TRIUMF
sub-structure. The addition to the Graduate Student Centre was
financed by the graduate students through a special levy collected as
part of the Centre's membership fee.
The Board gained one new memeber during the academic year. His
Honor Judge A. Leslie Bewley, of the Provincial Court and a UBC
24 graduate, was appointed to the Board by the
Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council. Mr. Arthur Fouks, a long-time
member of the Board, was elected chairman of the Board for the
1971-72 academic year during the current academic year. He will
succeed Mr. John Liersch.
Few people realize the significant amount of responsibility which is
carried by the Board, which acted as public trustee for nearly
$91,000,000 in government grants, student fees, research funds and
private gifts, grants and bequests during the 1970-71 academic year. It
is also responsible for the operations of the University's ancillary
services, which in 1970-71 generated more than $6,700,000 in revenue
from services provided to students, faculty members and the general
public. Each Board member also served on Board and University
committees that meet regularly to set policies for many important
University activities. Their duties, often onerous, involve them deeply
in University affairs and the province is fortunate to have a group of
people so dedicated to the advancement of higher education and the
creation of opportunities for learning for the youth of the province.
One of the more gratifying increases in the UBC budget in the past
five years has been the funds devoted to research at the University.
Between 1966 and 1971 funds received from all sources for research
have risen from $7,376,293 to $15,588,863. Among the chief
beneficiaries of this increase are graduate students, many of whom
receive financial support from the grants applied for by faculty
members. The federal government is the largest contributor to research
at UBC. In 1970-71, federal funds made up 73.7 per cent of the total
received.
I think it worth mentioning here that the University took steps
during the academic year to establish safeguards to protect students and
researchers in projects which involve human subjects. The guidelines for
the protection of individuals involved in such experiments were
developed by a committee chaired by Prof. Melvin Lee, director of the
25 School of Home Economics, and established by the head of the Faculty
of Graduate Studies, Dean lan McTaggart Cowan. As a result of Dr.
Lee's report the University has established a series of faculty screening
committees which review all projects which involve human subjects.
These screening committees are charged with ensuring that:
— The safety, welfare and rights of the subjects are adequately
protected;
— The amount and kind of information communicated-to the subject
are appropriate to secure "informed consent" within the best definition
of that term;
— Suitable precautions are taken to minimize risks; and
— The subject is made aware that he has the right to withdraw from
the experiment at any time.
I have also been impressed, in the faculty reports sent to me for the
1970-71 academic year, with the many outside interests pursued by
faculty members. In most cases, these are extensions of teaching and
research duties at the University. These activities have always been
encouraged by the University, so long as they do not interfere with the
faculty member's primary responsibility to his students. I should like to
list a selection of these activities to indicate the range of activities
undertaken by UBC's teaching staff.
Dr. H. Peter Oberlander, Director of the School of Community and
Regional Planning, served as chairman of the Vancouver School Board
before going on leave of absence to become first secretary to the
Minister for Urban Affairs in the federal government in Ottawa.
Prof. S.L. Lipson, head of the Department of Civil Engineering, was
elected president of the Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.
Mrs. Margaret Neylan, associate professor in the School of Nursing,
was elected president of the Registered Nurses' Association of B.C.
Prof. A. R. Thompson was president of the Association of Canadian
Law Teachers, the fourth UBC faculty member to hold that post, and
26 was one of the organizers of an important conference on the Arctic
International Wildlife Range held in Whitehorse in October, 1970.
Dr. Kathleen Cole of the Department of Botany, was appointed
editor of Psychologia, the journal of the International Physological
Society. Dr. Janet R. Stein, of the same department, was president of
the Canadian Botanical Association.
Prof. G.M. Volkoff, head of the Department of Physics, was
reappointed for a further three years to the National Research Council
of Canada.
Prof. W.S. Hoar, of the Department of Zoology, was appointed
editor of the Canadian Journal of Zoology.
Prof. Peter Larkin was appointed to the Science Council of Canada.
Prof. R.W. Well wood became the first Canadian to be elected
president of the Forest Products Research Society, an important
international organization of forest industry executives and scientists.
Dean B.E. Riedel, head of the Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences,
was appointed chairman of the Canadian Council on Animal Care.
In the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences Dean Michael Shaw was
awarded the gold medal of the Canadian Society of Plant Physiologists
for his research and contributions to that group; Dr. J.F. Richards, of
the food science division became the president-elect of the Canadian
Institute of Food Technology, and Dr. George Winter, of the
agricultural economics division, was appointed chief of the United
Nations Development Plan in Syria.
Space does not permit me to list the dozens of other faculty
members who hold executive posts on learned societies or have made
public service contributions to the community.
Service to the community is by no means confined to faculty
members. I have always been impressed, in my talks and meetings with
students, with the number of times they mention their involvement
with young people through community centres and other projects. This
involvement may consist in working on a voluntary basis with the
27 mentally ill, or for political parties or as coaches for athletic teams. The
variety and range of this valuable activity would alone fill this report if
it could be documented.
A significant number of students were involved, during the summer
of 1971, in projects financed and sponsored by the grants under the
federal government's Opportunities For Youth program. Some of these
programs were developed by students and faculty members in various
UBC departments, but in other cases projects were developed and
executed by students on their own initiative.
In the Fraser Valley near Hope, B.C., for instance, students working
under the direction of UBC archaeologist Prof. Charles Borden
excavated an ancient Indian pit house village. Many of the students
were paid from an OFY grant. Seven UBC students in architecture and
fine arts constructed two outdoor play areas for children, one of them
at UBC's Pre-School for the Mentally Retarded on Acadia Road. Eleven
UBC anthropology students were involved in a project designed to
preserve the spoken languages of B.C. Indians.
The Alma Mater Society was the recipient of $105,000 in OFY
grants to run or administer 15 projects, which resulted in the
development of a Women's Studies program, now being offered as an
evening non-credit course in the Student Union Building. Other projects
included preparation of a report on the condition of cycling facilities at
UBC, a study of day-care facilities in Vancouver, a music appreciation
program and an investigation of the publishing industry in Canada.
UBC also made a contribution this past summer to the problem of
transient youth by making available a dormitory facility in Fort Camp
to house up to 56 persons daily. The UBC hostel operated under the
direction of the campus Housing Administration and was staffed by
several UBC students who had previously served as dons or resident
fellows in other residences. Occupants of the hostel — many of them
students at other universities — were referred to UBC by a City of
Vancouver service which co-ordinated hostel facilities for the
28 The federal government's Opportunities for Youth program provided
funds to aid a number of projects carried out under the auspices of
University departments. The picture above shows excavations made at
an ancient Indian pit house village near Hope in the Fraser Valley. The
project was under the direction of Prof. Charles Borden, of the
Department of Anthropology and Sociology.
29 Vancouver area. Three meals a day were supplied to the transients by
UBC's Food Services department. The costs of operating the hostel
were borne by the provincial and federal governments. The hostel was
described by a City of Vancouver official as being "one of the most
efficient and well-run hostel programs in the system . . ."
I have already mentioned briefly the Women's Studies program
which was initiated this year by an active group of women students.
This group, and others on the campus, have received encouragement
and support for their endeavors from the Office of the Dean of Women.
Dean Helen McCrae and her able assistants organize and sponsor a
number of programs for women on the campus, including Continuing
University Education (CUE), a group which assists mature women
returning to the campus to begin or again take up their education, to
adjust to the campus environment. The Office also sponsors a series of
free noon-hour films and a program entitled "Quo Vadis," which
acquaints students with the broad range of educational opportunities
open to them at UBC. These are but a few of the valuable programs
which the Dean of Women's office sponsors each year.
The Faculty of Forestry, in 1971, has been sponsoring a number of
events to mark the fiftieth anniversary of the commencement of
forestry instruction at UBC. The first of these events was a successful
open house attended by more than 4,000 persons at the faculty's
12,000-acre research forest near Haney, B.C., where a wide range of
scientific work is being carried out by UBC faculty members and
interested individuals from other institutions and government
departments. The forestry faculty has recently adopted a new and
far-sighted management concept for the forest called "best-use"
forestry, under which zones of the forest will be selected and integrated
with other zones on the basis of best use. The faculty's fiftieth
anniversary was also marked by several lectures and symposia sponsored
by the faculty and students.
Anniversaries are always pleasant occasions and I am grateful to all
30 facets of the University community for the congratulations which they
offered to me in 1971 on reaching the fiftieth anniversary of my
association with UBC as a student, teacher and administrator. I was
particularly pleased that the first letter of congratulations which
reached me was from the Alma Mater Society. As I look back over my
half-century of association with UBC I am deeply conscious of the
many friends — faculty members, students and members of the
community-at-large — who have helped me personally and made
contributions to the growth and development of The University of
British Columbia. Some of the most gratifying experiences I have had at
UBC have resulted from my experiences with students, whom I regard
as the most important segment of the University community. I am
often asked by members of the general public why UBC has, by and
large, escaped the extreme problems which have beset some of our
sister institutions. I believe this stems from the pattern which was set in
the early days of the University when it was assumed that students
could accept responsibility for the management of their own affairs and
actions. In many instances, students at other universities have been
endeavoring to gain the kind of autonomy which our students have had
since the University opened its doors in 1915. The close relationship
between the University and its students has, I believe, been a major
factor in avoiding confrontations.
CENTRE FOR CONTINUING EDUCATION
The 1970-71 academic year marked the first full year of operation
for the Centre. This name and a revised organization for policy
development were approved for the Department of University
Extension to reflect changes in program activities. These include an
increased focus on professional continuing education, more complex
and sequential general education courses and greater integration with
other academic bodies on the campus. The Council for the Centre for
Continuing Education — a body created to formulate general program
policy   for   the   Centre   —   was  established   during  the  year.   The
31 membership of the Council includes representatives of the faculties
with which the Centre works to offer programs, members of the
community, students participating in Centre courses and some members
of the Centre's professional staff.
The Centre is also playing an active role in a second new body, the
President's Co-ordinating Committee on Continuing Education, which
is making a study of campus policy in relation to continuing education.
Enrolment in the programs sponsored by the Centre remained at
about the previous year's level of 21,000: 3,313 in credit courses;
10,113 in general interest courses and 6,997 in professional programs.
This has been a source of some satisfaction in view of the fact that
participation in continuing education courses at some other Canadian
universities dropped sharply, possibly because of unfavorable economic
conditions.
Increased attention is being given by the Centre to the improvement
of its programs through the use of course evaluations, development of
publications expressly designed for in-course and post-course use and
through contact with community groups and agencies.
In the past year, particular attention has been given to expanding
opportunities for students who wish to obtain credits toward a degree
through part-time study. Offerings of both lecture and correspondence
courses increased, particularly at the third- and fourth-year levels, a
reflection of the increasing role being played by regional colleges in the
higher education picture in B.C.
SUMMER SESSION
The enrolment at UBC's 1971 Summer Session was 4,340, compared
to 5,141 the previous year, a decline in 1971 of 15.5 per cent. As
always, it is difficult to point to specific reasons for decreases in
enrolment, but Prof. Wilfred Auld, the director of the Summer Session,
speculates that decreased economic activity, changing student attitudes
toward higher education and the increased availability of educational
opportunities through regional colleges, may account for the enrolment
32 decline. Another factor may be the increasing enrolment in the
inter-sessional period from May to July in courses offered through the
Center for Continuing Education. School teachers continued to make
up more than one-half of the Summer Session student body, 56.1 per
cent in 1971.
CONGREGATION
The University's 1971 Congregation to award honorary and academic
degrees took place on May 26, 27 and 28 in the War Memorial
Gymnasium. Honorary degrees were conferred on Canada's
Governor-General, His Excellency D. Roland Michener; Dean John W.
Ker, dean of the Faculty of Forestry at the University of New
Brunswick, a native British Columbian, graduate of UBC and professor
of forestry at UBC from 1948 to 1961; and Prof. Emeritus F.G.C.
"Freddy" Wood, the first native British Columbian to be appointed to
the UBC faculty, founder of the UBC Players' Club and a familiar figure
of the UBC campus for 35 years. The Frederic Wood Theatre in the
Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine Arts is named for Prof. Wood.
The University Senate approved the award of academic degrees to
4,396 students in the 1970-71 academic year. A total of 1,171 were
awarded in November, 1970, and 3,225 in May, 1971.
FACULTY AND STAFF
A number of heads and directors were appointed to UBC
departments, schools and institutes during the 1970-71 academic year.
They are as follows:
In the Faculty of Applied Science, Prof. Samuel Lipson became head
of the Department of Civil Engineering; Prof. Donald A. Moore became
head of the Department of Electrical Engineering, and Dr. Muriel
Uprichard was appointed director of the School of Nursing.
In the Faculty of Medicine Dr. Leonard C. Jenkins was named head
of the Department of Anesthesiology.
In the Faculty of Science Prof. Robert Scagel was appointed head of
the Department of Botany.
33 In the Faculty of Graduate Studies Dr. Barrie M. Morrison became
director of the Institute of Asian and Slavonic Research; Dr. Mark W.
Zacher was appointed director of the Institute of International
Relations, and Prof. Noel Hall was appointed director of the Institute
of Industrial Relations.
One new dean was appointed in the academic year. Dr. Albert J.
McClean succeeded Prof. George Curtis as dean of the Faculty of Law.
Dean Curtis was head of the Faculty of Law from the time it was
founded in 1945 and has made a significant contribution to legal
education in B.C. and Canada. He is currently on a well-deserved leave
of absence in England and will return to teach at UBC.
A total of 17 members of the teaching staff and one senior member
of the administrative staff reached retirement age in the 1970-71 year.
Each of them had made significant contributions to the teaching and
research programs of the University. Many have been re-appointed to
the UBC faculty and will continue teaching and research duties.
Those who reached retirement age were: Prof. Kenneth Argue,
Education; Prof. S.M. Boyles, Education; Miss Pauline Capelle, associate
professor of Nursing; Prof. Mollie Cottingham, Education; Miss Edith
Deyell, associate professor of Education; Prof. Claude Dolman,
Microbiology; Miss Emma Harris, associate professor of Education;
Prof. W.G. Heslop, Civil Engineering; Prof. Leonard C. Marsh,
Education; Dean V.J. Okulitch, Science; Prof. R.U. Ratcliff, Commerce
and Business Administration; Prof. Barnett Savery, Philosophy; Prof.
C.E. Smith, Education; Miss Dorothy Washington, assistant professor of
Education, and Prof. D.J. Wort, Botany.
I know that it will not be taken amiss by those named above if I
draw particular attention to the retirement of Dr. Vladimir Okulitch,
who was a faculty member at UBC from 1944 on and who served as
dean of science for seven years. A UBC graduate. Dr. Okulitch was
widely known for his professional work in the fields of geology and
paleontology, and was almost equally well known as a photographer
34 whose prints were accepted and won prizes in photographic salons.
Dean Okulitch guided the Faculty of Science through a difficult period
of expansion and growing student enrolment and we shall miss his wise
counsel in a number of University bodies.
An important segment of the University of B.C. community is the
employed staff, which provides a myriad of support services for faculty
members, students and the general public. Many University activities
would come to a standstill were it not for the dedicated efforts of this
important group of people. To provide a measure of recognition for the
employed staff, a Twenty-five Year Club was formed during the
1971-72 academic year. To be eligible, members must have been
employed by the University for a quarter-century or more.
The following persons qualified for membership in the academic year
under review: Mr. Percy Archer, Physical Plant; Mr. Dave Armstrong,
Department of Plant Science; Mr. Tom Battensby, Department of Plant
Science; Mr. Lloyd Bowers, Physical Plant; Mr. Ed. Bull, Department of
Chemistry stores; Mr. Fred H. Colburne, Physical Plant; Mr. David
Dougherty, Physical Plant; Miss Jessie Field, Department of Classics;
Mr. Alex Fraser, Department of Physics; Mr. Laurie Funnell, Physical
Plant; Miss Eleanor Hanna, Department of Finance; Mr. Jack Hunter,
manager. University Bookstore; Miss Mildred Kastner, administrative
assistant. Faculty of Applied Science; Mr. Norman Keith, Physical
Plant; Miss Laura Koch, Department of Food Services; Miss Allison
Law, Registrar's Office; Miss Marjorie Longley, School of Nursing; Mrs.
Anne McCullough, administrative assistant, Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences; Mr. George McGee, Department of Food Services; Mr. John
McLean, Director of Staff Personnel and Ancillary Services; Mr. Eugene
McLintock, Purchasing Department; Mr. Danny Maloney, Physical
Plant; Mr. Jim Martin, Physical Plant; Miss Eleanor Mercer, University
Library; Mr. George Rogers, Physical Plant; Mr. Norman Smith,
Physical Plant; Mr. Harry Tansley, Physical Plant; Miss Muriel Upshall,
University Health Service; Mr. Don Pearce, Department of Plant
Science.
35 Among those who have retired after completing 25 or more years of
service at the University are three women: Miss Myrtle Kievell, of the
Registrar's Office; Miss Margaret Lalonde, of the Department of
Finance, and Miss Verna Newson, of the President's Office.
The University is deeply grateful to these long-time employees for
their faithful service.
Finally, it is with regret that I report the deaths of a number of
active and retired members of the University faculty.
Dr. John Sandness, assistant professor of Plant Science, died on
September 25, 1970.
Prof. Kenneth B. Harvey, a member of the Department of Chemistry
and assistant dean of Science, died September 27, 1970.
Prof. Emeritus of Classics Harry T. Logan, died February 25, 1971.
Prof. Emerita of German Joyce Hallamore died on April 3, 1971.
Prof. Logan, who died at the age of 84, was one of the original
members of the UBC faculty and was associated with UBC for 52 years
as teacher, author, editor, administrator and member of UBC's Board of
Governors and Senate. He was head of the Department of Classics from
1949 to 1953.
Prof. Hallamore's career at UBC as a student, teacher and head of the
German department, spanned 43 years. She was a highly regarded
teacher who was honored on her retirement by the publication of
separate books of essays on German literature by faculty members and
graduate students in the German department.
36

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