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Report of the President for the Academic Year 1966-1967 1968

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for the Academic Year ig66-ig6y
The Board of Governors,
The University of British Columbia,
Mr. Chancellor and Gentlemen:
I present herewith my report for the academic year 1966-67. In
these pages you will find a brief review of the activities of the University and the Faculties.
You will note that we have continued to make substantial progress
throughout the year; you will also learn that we are still plagued
by shortages of money for facilities and staff, affecting nearly every
I hope you will find satisfaction in the accomplishments recorded
Yours sincerely,
Acting President. TABLE OF CONTENTS
Foreword 5
1. The University 9
2. The Faculties 12
3. Other Departments of the University 24
Publications of the Faculty and Staff 30 1
Early in the fall of 1966 President Macdonald announced that
he intended to resign at the end of June 1967. This announcement,
totally unexpected, was received with dismay and his resignation
was accepted only with the greatest regret and reluctance by the
Board of Governors.
During his five years as President Dr. J. B. Macdonald gave
vigorous, courageous, and imaginative leadership to the University,
and, through the Macdonald Report, profoundly influenced the
course of higher education both in this Province and in Canada. A
tribute to his outstanding qualities and achievements is expressed
in the citation delivered at the Congregation on June 2, 1967, when,
in recognition of his service, the degree of Doctor of Science, honoris
causa, was conferred upon him. In part, this citation reads:
... when John Barfoot Macdonald took office as President of the University of British Columbia in 1962, he accepted, consciously and willingly a formidable task. After five years it is no exaggeration to assert
that he has transformed this campus. Of the accomplishment that won
him an enviable reputation as a scientist and administrator before he
arrived I shall not speak. We shall remember him for all that he has
done for us: we shall remember him for the Macdonald Report, we
shall remember him for the multiplication of universities and colleges
in the Province, we shall remember him for the metamorphosis that has
occurred in the scope and importance of graduate studies, we shall
remember him for his forthright courage and his insistence upon excellence in every phase of the University's activity. Above all, we shall
remember him for his integrity, that most prized of all academic
At the end of June 1967, Dr. Blythe Eagles retired as Dean of
the Faculty of Agriculture and Dean A. W. Matthews as Dean of the Faculty of Pharmacy. Dean Eagles, whose association with the
University of British Columbia began in the "Fairview Shacks,"
gained the affection and esteem of his friends and colleagues by his
scientific achievements, his remarkable personal interest in his former
students, and his unswerving loyalty to the Faculty and the University. Dean Matthews will be remembered for the effective leadership which he gave to the Faculty of Pharmacy and, among other
things, for his unique service in the interests of inter-collegiate
athletics. It is our hope that, although they have relinquished their
administrative duties, they will continue a close association with us
in the future.
The University considers itself fortunate indeed in having obtained
the services of Dr. Michael Shaw, as the new Dean of Agriculture,
and Dr. Bernard Riedel as the new Dean of Pharmacy.
Tribute must also be paid on her retirement to Miss H. Evelyn
Mallory, who served as Head and later as first Director of the School
of Nursing. Outstanding in her profession, Miss Mallory combined
her knowledge and experience with patience, industry, and imagination to develop a School of Nursing at this University recognized
for its high standards and proficiency. We all wish Miss Mallory
every happiness in her retirement.
Others who have reached retiral age and to whom we express our
deep gratitude are Dr. Frank Forward, for many years Head of the
Department of Metallurgy and more recently on leave with the
Science Secretariat in Ottawa; Mr. Harry Adaskin, who initiated
courses in Music at this University; Dr. Dorothy Dallas, Professor of
French; Dr. D. C. B. Duff, Professor of Microbiology; Dr. Braham
G. Griffith, Professor of Forestry; and Miss M. E. Macfarlane,
Associate Professor of Home Economics.
The year 1966-67 also had its measure of sadness in the deaths of
Dr. Rex V. Boughton, Professor of Education; Miss Edna Baxter,
Associate Professor of Education; Dr. Edgar C. Black, Professor of
Physiology; Dr. Robert Thompson, Professor of Geology; Dr. John
E. Bier, Professor of Forestry; Mr. David A. Webster, Assistant
Professor of Education, and his wife Marlene; Dr. Kenneth Fisher,
Clinical Instructor in Psychiatry; Mrs. Nettie Neudorf, Instructor in
Nursing; and Mr. Ernst Friedlander, Lecturer in Music. Some were
near the beginning of, and others well established in, their careers,
but all had given devoted and distinguished service.
The progress of the University and some of the many problems which it faces are reflected in the reports submitted by the Deans
and other officers, excerpts from which will be found elsewhere in
this volume.
In common with other institutions of higher education there has
been at U.B.C. considerable concern about faculty and student
participation in university government. After serious consideration
the Senate decided to permit four students, elected by the student
body, to become members of Senate. The extent to which student
Senators will contribute to university government will depend for
the most part on the wisdom of those elected.
The need for adequate operating grants is always with us. Perhaps
one of the most serious problems, however, is the lack of adequate
accommodation lor offices, seminars, laboratories, libraries, and
residences. The lag is critical, is seriously hampering efficiency, and
will undoubtedly affect academic standards.
During the year the University has received many valuable gifts,
most of which have been acknowledged in the pamphlet, "Creative
Giving," distributed in June. Merely as examples of these generous
donations, one or two should be mentioned.
The University of British Columbia became the first Canadian
university to receive a major grant of $150,000 from the Richard
Mellon Charitable Trusts to expand training of graduate students
in urban and regional planning.
Of very great importance is the gift by Richard Norman Colbeck
of 50,000 items, valued at between $150,000 and $200,000, of nineteenth- and early twentieth-century English literature, regarded as
one of the finest collections in existence.
The estate of the late Dorothy J. Killam has provided a bequest
which will eventually amount to more than $13,000,000. This bequest will provide endowments for special salaries, graduate fellowships, and general purposes.
During the year the Library completed expenditure of a $3,000,-
000 gift which Dr. H. R. MacMillan provided for the accelerated
purchase of library books and other materials. The gift has enabled
the Library to expand its collection to more than a million volumes
and, in the words of the Librarian, to turn "a minor library into a
major one." THE FACULTIES
THE faculty of agriculture
For the faculty of agriculture the 1966-67 session had a threefold significance. It marked the admittance of the 50th class in agriculture, the opening of a new building and the appointment of a
new dean to replace Dr. Blythe Eagles who has retired.
The Faculty admitted its first class of students in 1917 under
Dean L. S. Klinck. Since then the Faculty has granted 1,525 Bachelor's and 307 Master's degrees. Seven students have obtained their
Doctorates and 30 students have been awarded the degree of B.A.Sc.
in Agricultural Engineering.
On June 14, 1967, the H. R. MacMillan Building was officially
opened by the Hon. Ray Williston, Minister of Lands, Forests and
Water Resources. The building, located at the south end of the
main mall., recognizes the need for and growing importance of interdisciplinary training in the areas of agriculture and forestry. In the
building, built in the form of a quadrangle around an open courtyard, the Faculty has its own wing with offices and laboratories for
the Departments of Agricultural Economics, Agricultural Engineering, Poultry Science and Soil Science and for the Divisions of Plant
Science and Animal Science. The south wing houses the Faculty of
Forestry. A connecting wing links the two faculties and houses study
and common-room facilities, lecture theatres and lecture-laboratory
rooms designed and equipped primarily for specific disciplines, yet
convertible to other uses under joint faculty control. It also provides
other communal specialized facilities including chemical, laboratory,
equipment, and general storage accommodation. The building provides for the needs of 230 undergraduate students and 70 graduate
12 students in agriculture and a faculty of 28 members. The top floor
of the west wing iii devoted to a 40,000-volume branch library serving both faculties and under control of the main university library.
A total of 30 per cent of the usable space of the building is for
the joint use of the faculties. Of this total, 50 per cent is devoted
to lecture-laboratory facilities, 25 per cent to the library and 25
per cent to service, study, student locker, and common rooms.
On the occasion of the official opening of the building, special
platform guests were President Emeritus Leonard S. Klinck, first
Dean of the Faculty and Dr. F. M. Clement, Emeritus Dean of
Agriculture. Dean Blythe Eagles gave his formal farewell address
as Dean of the Faculty and welcomed to the university Dr. Michael
Shaw, his successor.
Lack of space emerged as a major problem for the Faculty of
Applied Science in 1966-67. Progress towards construction of the
buildings which were included in the 1963-68 building programme
and prepared for support from the Three Universities Capital Fund
continues to be very slow. Of these, only the new metallurgy building is under construction and it will be completed in 1968. The
other buildings have just reached the drawing stage. McCarter
Nairne and Partners have been authorized to prepare working drawings of buildings for mechanical engineering, for civil engineering
and for a common block of lecture rooms and offices to be situated
in the same area of the south campus.
Enrolment in engineering courses increased again. Both the number of students entering first year engineering and the total number
of undergraduate engineering students increased by about 10 per
cent over the previous year's figures. Graduate student enrolment
increased also by almost the same proportion. However, in the
majority of departments, the graduate student enrolment has virtually reached the maximum number that can be accommodated until
present limitations of space and facilities are removed.
The year was marked by several other significant events. The
Department of Agricultural Engineering received approval for a
course of studies leading to the degree of M.A.Sc. in Agricultural
Engineering. The School of Nursing received approval of a programme leading to the degree of Master of Science in Nursing
*3 (M.S.N.). Formal studies in the area of biochemical engineering
were launched by the Department of Chemical Engineering. An
optical engineering laboratory, containing many new items of optical
equipment, was established in the Department of Mechanical
Engineering, and the Department of Metallurgy was awarded the
first National Research Council Negotiated Development Grant in
the amount of $375,000 to help establish a Centre for Materials
The major subject of debate this year at meetings of the Faculty
of Arts was the curriculum. A series of vigorous discussions took
place, out of which there emerged a new programme to be offered
to a selected group of first-year students in September 1967. At the
moment the programme is called Arts 1. It will be restricted to
240 students selected from volunteers and will operate in two sections, each one organized and administered by six instructors who
themselves have volunteered from the various departments of the
Faculty. A number of topics of contemporary relevance will be
chosen for examination. There will be lectures followed by discussion in small groups. The student will be required to write essays,
which will be carefully marked and annotated. A student who completes Arts 1 along with two other courses successfully will pass into
the second year of his study towards the B.A. It is hoped that the
student in this programme will enjoy a close relationship with the
teaching staff and will develop powers of analysis and self-expression.
Arts 1 aroused strong opinions among members of the Faculty.
It was finally recommended to Senate, however, and that body approved it on an experimental basis for three years. At the same time
the Faculty appointed a committee to assess its effect upon the
students and its quality as a part of the work required for a B.A.
The Faculty then addressed itself to other aspects of the present
requirements, especially those in English, foreign language, and
science. The Senate approved a recommendation that in place of
English 200 a student may register for a course in literature in any
language. The other requirements remain sub judice.
As a result of prolonged examination of area-studies a number
of changes were made involving the Departments of Asian Studies,
Slavonic Studies, Political Science and History. Several courses his-
14 torical in nature have been transferred to the Department of History; the Department of Asian Studies will concentrate on the
languages and literatures of the Oriental countries. The latter department also introduced the study of Sanskrit. The Faculty have
recommended that an Institute of Asian and Slavonic Studies be
established in order to stimulate graduate work in these fields.
The Departments of Creative Writing and Theatre combined to
produce a new graduate programme leading to the M.A. The Department of Religious Studies has also devised a graduate programme for the M.A.
Problems of space continue to worry the Faculty. The Department of Music will move into its new building in August 1967.
The Buchanan and the Henry Angus Buildings, however, are overcrowded and it has required considerable skill and patience on the
part of the Dean's Office and the appropriate committees to find
offices for new members of the Faculty. There is no doubt that the
Faculty of Arts must be provided with new quarters.
The primary concern of the Faculty during the past year has been
a thorough study of the existing undergraduate programme, and a
revision of that programme to bring it into line with current developments in the University and in the business community. As a result
of intensive work by a Faculty Curriculum Committee, recommendations have been made to Senate and approved by that body.
The changes adopted have led to a reduction in emphasis on the
traditional functional areas of business and to a strengthening of the
theoretical aspects of the discipline. The effect of these changes has
been to reduce the number of options offered to students and also
the unit value of some of the functionally oriented courses, such as
accounting and finance. On the other hand, there has been an increase in the number of courses in the quantitative analysis and a
course in organizational behaviour has been introduced.
This new programme is an attempt to reflect the objectives of a
Commerce degree as set out by the Curriculum Committee in its
report to the Faculty, namely, "The general aim of an undergraduate education in business should be to prepare the student for a
15 future role in management decision-making and professional responsibility in the supporting activities of administration."
After the undergraduate programme report had been accepted
by the Faculty, a second committee was formed to examine the
curriculum of the existing graduate programme — the programme
leading to an M.B.A. degree. Certain changes have already been
recommended by this Committee and accepted by the Senate. These
changes were mainly of the same kind as those made in the undergraduate degree. The Committee is undertaking a continuing study
of the M.B.A. degree and of the general problem of graduate work
in the area of business administration. The general aim is to prepare
the detail of a doctoral programme which will be accepted in the
University community.
On July 17, 1967, the Faculty of Dentistry vacated the huts and
trailers which had served as temporary quarters for the past three
years and moved into the new John Barfoot Macdonald Building
(Dental Health Sciences) on the corner of University Boulevard
and Wesbrook Crescent. With the substantial completion of this
building and of additions to the adjacent Basic Sciences buildings,
enrolment in the first year class for 1967-68 was increased to 20
students, with an expected additional increase to 40 for 1968-69.
Over the past several years the research and academic activities
of the Faculty have been severely curtailed because of limitations
of space and other facilities. With the availability of new quarters,
we are looking forward to a rapid expansion of our programmes and
to that end have made significant additions to our full-time staff.
The 72,000-square-foot Macdonald Building provides facilities
for the teaching of preclinical dental sciences and clinical dentistry.
The additions to the various Basic Sciences departments, about
52,000 square feet in all, enable these departments to teach their
subjects to combined classes of dental and medical students. Thus,
students in the two professions receive a common background of
biological knowledge before concentrating on their respective areas
of special interest.
One unique feature of the Macdonald building is the 80-chair
dental clinic in which students receive the practical experience that
is so invportant a part of their professional education. University
16 staff, students and their families, as well as members of the community at large, are welcome to apply for treatment.
Interest on the part of prospective dental students in gaining
admission to the Faculty continues to be high. The number of
students applying for admission to the 1967-68 class was 50 per
cent higher than that for the previous year. The ratio of applicants
to enrolees was of the order of eight to one. It is gratifying too that
the quality of our applicants, as determined by their predental academic performance, has steadily improved over the four years in
which we have been accepting students.
During the 1966-67 year the Faculty of Education continued to
expand in a number of directions. But it was not trouble-free expansion. The most noticeable growth occurred in the graduate field.
There was a deluge of applications for admission to graduate study,
but unfortunately the Faculty had to restrict admission due to lack
of adequate facilities. It was also found impossible to get sufficient
funds to attract many of the best students that the Faculty would
like to join the graduate programme. At the same time we found
it impossible to get sufficient office space to accommodate graduate
Throughout the year there was a tremendous demand placed on
the audio-visual and television studios due to the considerable'experimental work underway and the emphasis on audio-visual instruction in teacher training. It has been necessary to add additional
technicians and an additional member of staff to that department.
The Psycho-Educational Clinic has now moved into full operation despite the lack of sound facilities. Several doctoral and master's
degree students are now working in the clinic as regular referrals of
children and parents come to the centre. The collaboration of the
Vancouver School Board and the Faculty of Medicine is appreciated.
A special new programme in the training of teachers of commerce
was instituted this year with the assistance of the provincial government and the federal Department of Manpower. The programme
aims at attracting competent people from business and industry into
education to combat the tremendous shortage of commerce teachers.
The provincial government is building new facilities for the In-
17 dustrial Education and Vocational Education programmes. Thus
we have been able to increase the enrolment by 50 per cent and to
add two new members to the staff of that division. We have also
materially expanded the Department of Educational Administration
and we are hoping to expand the Department of Counselling and
Guidance with the assistance of a considerable grant from the Department of Manpower.
Although the enrolment in undergraduate years remains fairly
static there is an increasing number of persons who are completing
the full degree in the Elementary Division before leaving the university. Fewer young people feel two years of study is adequate
preparation for a teacher. The result has been a reduction in the
number of teachers attending summer session. Summer session
courses for undergraduates will continue to diminish in future, but
those for graduates will likely expand.
Enrolment in Forestry again increased significantly in the 1966-67
session, but the Faculty's severe overcrowding problem has been
lightened. The number of students in the first-year class rose from
77 to 88 and the total number of graduate students increased from
24 to 34. Overcrowding was relieved by the completion of the new
H. R. MacMillan Building, one wing of which Forestry now occupies. The building was officially opened by the Minister of Lands,
Forests and Water Resources, the Hon. Ray Williston, on June 14.
The curriculum was kept under review during the year and a
number of changes designed to reduce the course load and provide
more flexibility were approved. In co-operation with the Faculty of
Science a programme leading to the degree of B.Sc. with combined
honors in Biology and Forest Biology was developed and approved.
It is designed for students who are primarily interested in research
and teaching in this field and who are planning to proceed to graduate study. Approval was also secured for courses in Forest Recreation
Management and Forest Wildlife Management to be commenced
in 1968-69.
A substantial increase in financial grants for research was secured
from a variety of sources. The largest was a $40,000 grant to assist
and stimulate graduate studies in Forest Economics, Fire Control
and Use, and Wood Science. It was provided by the Canada Department of Forestry.
Previous reports of the Faculty of Graduate Studies have referred
to continuing increases in enrolment, increasing (even if inadequate)
financial support, new degree programmes and gathering problems
in providing the space and equipment so necessary to research and
instruction at the graduate level. In these respects the year 1966-67
has been no exception. Once again the enrolment in Master's and
Doctorate programmes increased, by 14 per cent to more than 1,600.
The heaviest proportionate increases occurred in the Master's programmes in Business Administration and in the School of Community and Regional Planning, though the areas of strength in the
Sciences and Humanities also continued to expand.
The year saw completion of a review of graduate study at U.B.C.
and its publication. This study provides us with an essential foundation for further development and improvements in our graduate
area. It has already set the stage for further studies while it has
focussed attention on certain aspects of our activities that can be
It is difficult to generalize on strictures that are already slowing
down the growth of our graduate school because they differ from
one department to the next. However, across the entire campus
the pressing shortage of accommodation for the academic and administrative functions of the university is paramount. This is forcing
restriction of enrolment, and requiring some faculty members and
the students studying with them to make do with facilities that are
inadequate. The pressure of this influence will increase with each
year it goes unrelieved and will act to restrict the opportunities the
university can offer to those of greatest ability and thus to deny the
province the lasting benefits they could bring to it.
The addition of the H. R. MacMillan Building will make possible
a limited increase in graduate work in forestry and agriculture.
However, fine though the new facilities are, they too suffer from
the problem that has beset every new building we have added in
the last 10 years. The building is too small to do the job that it
should do for the province. Had its budget been increased by 20
per cent the improvement in facilities and in its functions at the
graduate and research level would probably have been doubled.
The School of Community and Regional Planning enjoyed special
development this year. The school received an award of $150,000
19 from the Mellon Charitable Trusts in support of teaching in the
field of regional planning. U.B.C. was the first Canadian university
to be selected for such an award.
The Institute of Earth Sciences expanded its horizons during the
year and altered its title to reflect its new role. It is now the Institute
of Earth and Planetary Sciences. Dr. M. W. Ovenden, formerly of
Glasgow University, was appointed as Professor of Astronomy. He
will direct the expansion of our activities in Astronomy in collaboration with Canadian Governmental Research staff in this area that
will be coming to the University of British Columbia campus.
The Institute of Oceanography had an active year of successful
research. Its graduate registration reached 26 and at this level
severely taxed facilities available to it. The institute looks forward
to the commissioning of the new 130-foot research vessel, which the
Canadian Hydrographic Service is building largely to serve the needs
of the Institute.
During the year the Institute of Fisheries undertook to support a
strongly developing programme in aquatic population and community ecology research. Its studies at Marion Lake have been
made an official project of the Canadian Freshwater Section of the
International Biological Programme (IBP). Funds from IBP, the
Institute of Fisheries, the National Research Council, and U.B.C.
have been used to build a "trailer" laboratory at the site. Investigators from other U.B.C. faculties and Simon Fraser University are
also undertaking studies using the Marion Lake facilities. If present
plans receive Treasury Board approval, the project will be supported
by grants of $85,000 a year for the next four years.
Enrolment in law continued to rise sharply in 1966-67 as was expected. Since 1961, the enrolment has increased nearly 50 per cent.
This has resulted in increased sectioning of classes, more seminars
and a heavy burden of supervision of the legal writing programme
and the moot courts. At the same time, the restricted accommodation available has presented acute problems for the Faculty and
hampered its full development.
The Faculty's new curriculum which reflects in part the increasing trend and need of specialization within the legal profession is
working well. The demand for law graduates continues high and
20 will likely do so for some years to come. Among other things, the
movement in Canada toward state-supported legal aid plans will
intensify the shortage of lawyers and the facilities for their training
will have to be expanded significantly in this country.
The Faculty's scholarly interests are shown by the increasing
volume of papers and articles being published by its members. However, up to the present legal research in Canada has received virtually no financial support. It is therefore highly promising that the
federal government began this year to draw on law schools for
special studies and engaged four members of the Faculty to serve
on a task force on corporate law. It is hoped that this is the beginning of a development that is long overdue in the field of Canadian legal studies.
One of the major activities of the Faculty during the past year
has been that of preparing for changes in medical education which
will be necessitated by the onset of Medicare. Traditionally, medical
teaching in the clinical years has involved medical students, internes
and residents receiving their training by providing care, under supervision, to charity patients. The growing popularity of voluntary prepaid medical plans in recent years has reduced the number of charity
patients to an extent that has affected educational activities. With
government-supported Medicare on the horizon it is necessary for
medical schools to prepare for the complete disappearance of charily
patients. Plans for the development of closed clinical teaching units
and of community practices in which normal families will be cared
for by Faculty members, residents, internes and students have been
progressing and these facilities are now gradually coming into
The year has also seen a steady accumulation of new Faculty
members in anticipation of the opening of the Health Sciences Centre. At year's end the Faculty comprised 135 full-time and 374 part-
time members.
A Division of Medical Microbiology has been established in the
Department of Microbiology. Studies have also begun in clinical
pharmacology, a new and rapidly progressing field.
The Faculty also received two major gifts during the year. The
chair in medicine, occupied by Dr. R. B. Kerr, has been fully en-
21 dowed by a generous gift of $500,000 from Mrs. Eric W. Hamber.
Mr. H. R. MacMillan has provided a generous and far-sighted gift
of $150,000 to support studies into the nature and management of
"strokes." The funds will be used to support a neurologist, Dr. R.
Einhorn, who will engage in full-time research in this field.
The 1966-67 session was marked by gratifying increases in research grants awarded to members of the Faculty. The poison
control programme, a collaborative study with the Provincial Department of Health Services and Hospital Insurance, was supported by
a National Health Research Grant. It is anticipated that the first
phase of this programme of providing product information and
pertinent data on accidental poisoning and its treatment will be
available for distribution next year.
The pilot plan for a Drug Information Centre reported last year
continued to receive support from a National Health grant. The
application of computers in this work was vividly demonstrated
during Open House in March when through the courtesy of IBM
and others the research team showed the possibilities of the adaptation of computer technology to drug information processing.
A research project on skin physiology has been continued in collaboration with the Department of Dermatology. In addition, a project in biopharmaceutics designed to determine the generic equivalency of drugs was supported during the year by a National Health
Grant. This project has continued to attract considerable attention.
Projects in medicinal chemistry and pharmacology have also been
supported by grants and are continuing.
Dean A. W. Matthews retired as Dean of the Faculty on June 30,
1967 after 15 years of distinguished service. Dr. B. E. Riedel was
appointed the new Dean of the Faculty of Pharmacy.
The Faculty of Science had another very successful year. Faculty,
post-doctoral fellows, graduate and undergraduate enrolments all
increased as was expected. Some new undergraduate courses were
introduced and some courses were revised. Considerable progress
was made in updating first- and second-year courses in response to
22 changes in the secondary school curriculum. Faculty members published a large number of papers and attended meetings and seminars
at home and abroad.
Practically all departments in the Faculty are filled to capacity.
Any further growth, especially on the graduate level, will be severely
limited by the shortage of space. This is especially felt in Geophysics
and Geology as well as in Botany and Zoology. New buildings are
urgently required.
The Faculty of Science is fully aware of its three-fold responsibility to provide general education in science to its own students
and those of other faculties, to train professional scientists on both
the undergraduate and graduate level, and to promote research in
all fields of science. But the Faculty is hampered in all these activities by the severe limitation of space and insufficient funds with
which to ensure better staff-student ratios, to add needed new equipment, and to provide adequate technical assistance for its researchers.
This year saw a considerable increase in the number of persons
taking part in Extension programmes, with nearly 25,000 people
enrolled during the year. The extra-sessional credit programme
continued to expand, registering a 10 per cent increase over last
year's enrolment. A total of 1,384 persons attended 55 extra-
sessional evening arts, science and education courses on campus
and at other centres throughout the province. For the first time,
evening credit courses were held during the summer.
Sharp increases were registered in enrolments for liberal education and professional programmes. The study-discussion programme
in the liberal arts was revived and a new series of independent study
courses begun. Canada's Centennial was marked by a special lecture
series, entitled "Man's Potential: Vision Unlimited." A number of
North America's outstanding scholars, scientists and public servants
were brought to the campus to participate.
In co-operation with the Faculties of Applied Science and Law
and the professional bodies, expanded programmes of continuing
education in Engineering and Law were offered. The Education-
Extension programme was also greatly expanded.
The third and final year of the Colombo Plan agreement between
the University of British Columbia and the University of Rajasthan
was completed during the year. Progress in developing adult educa-
24 tion programmes in Rajasthan led the Government of India to
request that Canada extend the project until 1969. In July 1967,
Mr. Knute Buttedahl, director of the project, and Mr. William
Day returned to U.B.C. after one year of service at Rajasthan.
the university library
The University could be well satisfied with the five-year record
of its Library. The book collection has doubled in size, as has the
use of it. A number of new branch libraries have been opened
around the campus, to better serve the needs of faculty members
and students.
In 1966-1967 expenditures for Library purposes amounted to
$3,212,500, half of which was spent for developing the collection
and half for the daily operation of the Library. In increasing the
size of its collection from half a million to one million volumes,
almost $4,500,000 has been spent since 1962, and of this amount
by far the greater part has been derived from the benefaction of
Dr. H. R. MacMillan, who by one foresighted act has turned a
minor library into a major one.
Yet despite the amazing progress of recent years, the University
Library seems to be moving into a period of trials. A survey conducted by a newly formed Student Library Committee confirmed
the suspicions of librarians that the students were not complacent
about the Library. Criticisms of the lack of study facilities and of the
difficulty of obtaining assigned and recommended readings were
numerous, and these criticisms were supported by evidence of other
kinds. In regard to study space, it is known that the Library has at
present 2,500 fewer seats than standards recommend for a University of this size and character. Worsening the space shortage is
the fact that both the book collections and the library staff are
quickly outgrowing their areas. As for the demand for more books,
a computer analysis of loan records showed that indeed scores of
titles are in such heavy use that the number of copies would have to
be multiplied as much as a hundredfold to satisfy the demand.
These and many other factors point directly to the need for the
continued expansion of the Library. Book funds must be maintained
at a high level, even though gift funds will be exhausted in 1967-68.
As for new library buildings, the need grows ever more urgent as
the annual enrolment increases.
The problem of the provision of adequate academic advice to
students prior to their commitment to their studies may never be
solved completely, but a step was taken this year toward a partial
solution by the Faculties of Science and Arts. Science students above
the first year were able to solicit advice either by mail or in person
during the summer months, while Arts students could get advice
by seeking out faculty advisers who were on campus for this specific
purpose in August and early September.
As a concomitant to the early advice, early registration was permitted for those students who had approved programmes of study.
This latter arrangement proved expensive in faculty and staff time
and, although it is to be attempted again next year, hope is already
being expressed by faculty members that it will be short-lived.
Enrolment continues to grow but the rate decreased slightly. The
growth of regular winter session registration was up 5.4 per cent
over last year to a total of 17,219. The overall total of students taking credit courses including winter session, summer session, evening
classes and correspondence courses rose 2.5 per cent to a figure of
The regular winter session student body included 881 whose
homes were outside of Canada. This figure represents 5.1 per cent
of the sessional enrolment, a slight increase from last year.
Students admitted to the University for the first time in September 1966 numbered 5,247. Of these 58.6 per cent were admitted
at the first year level, the same percentage as last year, and 6.6 per
cent at the graduate level, up from 5.1 per cent in 1965.
The numbers of those qualifying for degrees continued to rise.
This year 3,338 degrees were granted; the figure last year was 3,228.
The doctoral degrees numbered 83, a 56 per cent increase over last
The number of women students has been increasing steadily and
last year represented 35.6 per cent of the undergraduate body. The
percentage in extra-sessional summer and winter programmes is
even higher — 41 per cent. Significantly, women represent only 19
per cent of the students engaged in graduate studies. About 10 per
26 cent of the women students are married and it is anticipated that
the number of married women continuing their education will
At present circumstances militate against more women students
taking graduate studies as they do not in general have the practical
equality of opportunity and treatment in economic and social life
to permit this. Most married women with home and family responsibilities should take partial courses, both for their own health and the
well-being of their families. Yet present federal, provincial and university loan and bursary schemes do not permit this. A student must
take a full work load to qualify for financial assistance. Added to
this is the fact that women are fearful of borrowing. They do not
have as lucrative job opportunities, either temporary or permanent,
as men do and dread incurring a debt which will burden them or
their husbands for some time to come. There is, therefore, great
need for a flexible programme of financial assistance geared to the
mature woman student. We hope to present a well-documented case
on this need to the appropriate women's organizations and the Commission on the Status of Women.
In the area of counselling, approximately 1,500 women students
came to the Office of the Dean of Women for consultation during
the year. They were often in their senior years and not predominantly first-year students as might be expected. They presented a complex of academic, social and emotional problems, and the referrals
made by faculty members or departments usually involved unique
and complicated situations. It is apparent that women students
require knowledge and reassurance about the many paths they
might take and the numerous crossroads along them at which choices
may be made. It is planned next year to invite the participation of
interested students in discussion groups with faculty from various
More than 1,500 gifts from individual and corporate donors
brought $4,724,583 to the University and there were a number of
gifts in kind. The Alumni Annual Giving Campaign, under the
chairmanship of Frank Frederickson, produced $ 138,000 from 3,667
As at August 31, 1967, the Three Universities Capital Fund had
27 reached almost $61 million in pledges ($40.7 million from the
Government of British Columbia) and $46 million in payments.
U.B.C. receives 42 per cent of the fund income.
The forty-eighth summer session at the University of British
Columbia had a net enrolment of 5,244 students, down some 700
students from the year before. Expo 67 and a new Provincial Department of Education regulation affected attendance, but more
important, a larger number of students in the Faculty of Education
are completing a greater part of their degree programmes than ever
before in regular session. This has created a heavier demand for
senior courses in Arts, Science as well as Education.
The Summer Session is attracting a larger number of Arts and
Science undergraduates who wish to enrich their programmes with
electives, or who require prerequisites for new ventures, together
with a decreasing number making up deficiencies. It is interesting to
note that the percentage of teachers enrolled has fallen to below
sixty per cent for the first time.
The demand for a greater variety of senior undergraduate courses
poses an enrolment problem. It seems unrealistic to expect Summer
Session to offer the same breadth of courses as is available in regular
session. Apart from a core of senior undergraduate courses and a
selected few graduate courses which draw a reasonable number of
students, the most feasible plan appears to be to offer some courses
every year, others every second year and a smaller number every
third year.
28 Summary of Revenue and Expenditure
(Excluding   Capital   Additions  to  Endowment,   Student  Loan  and  Capital  Development  Funds)
April 1, 1966 to March 31, 1967
1 965-46
For Specific
Province of British Columbia
Operating Grant
Government of Canada
Operating Grant
Student Fees
Endowment Income
Sponsored or Assisted Research
Gifts, Grants and Bequests
$  1,058,038
Sponsored or Assisted Research
Student Services
Plant Maintenance (including
alterations and improvements)
Scholarships and Bursaries
General Expenses
Ancillary Enterprises
$ 9,883,833
Reserves Carried Forward from
1966-67 to meet Expenditure in
1967-68 —General Purposes
— Specific Purposes
Publications are listed alphabetically by Faculty and Department as
reported by the respective Deans and Heads. The published work of
graduate students and technicians has been included, in so far as it
has been submitted by Departments. The bibliography is for the academic year 1966-1967 except that in a few cases items published earlier
but not previously listed have been included.
Agricultural Economics    32
Agricultural Mechanics    33
Animal Science    33
Plant Science    34
Poultry Science    36
Soil Science    38
Agricultural Engineering     39
Chemical Engineering    39
Civil Engineering     41
Electrical Engineering  ........ 42
Mechanical Engineering    :..   44
Metallurgy     46
Mineral Engineering  ....... 47
ARCHITECTURE          47
Anthropology and Sociology
Asian Studies 	
Creative Writing	
Fine Arts  ,
French i
30 German     64
Hispanic and Italian Studies  65
History  65
Philosophy    67
Political Science  67
Psychology    70
Religious Studies  73
Slavonics Studies  73
Theatre  74
Community and Regional Planning  91
Institute of Earth and Planetary Sciences  91
Institute of Fisheries  92
Institute of Industrial Relations   92
Institute of Oceanography  92
LAW  95
Anatomy  96
Biochemistry  97
Cancer Research Centre  99
Continuing Medical Education 100
Health Care and Epidemiology 100
History of Medicine and Science 102
Medicine 103
Obstetrics and Gynaecology 105
Ophthalmology   105
Paediatrics  106
Pathology  109
31 Pharmacology  Ill
Physiology     113
Psychiatry  .114
Surgery   .114
NURSING     . 47
Botany      118
Chemistry    121
Geology      130
Geophysics   132
Mathematics   135
Microbiology     138
Physics      139
Zoology   143
Department of Agricultural Economics
dorling, m. j., "Costs of Production for Raspberry Enterprises in the
Abbotsford Area of British Columbia," Country Life in British
Columbia 52:6-7, September 1966.
— and B. K. Acton, "Section III — Irrigation from an Economic
Viewpoint," British Columbia Irrigation Guide prepared by the
British Columbia Irrigation Committee. Victoria, Published by the
authority of the Minister of Agriculture, 1967, pp. 47-55.
verner, o. and P. M. Gubbels, The Adoption or Rejection of Innovations by Dairy Farm Operators in the Lower Fraser Valley (Agricultural Economics Research Council of Canada, Publication, 11)
[Ottawa]  1967.
— and F. W. Millard, Adult Education and the Adoption of Innovations by Orchardists in the Okanagan Valley of British Columbia.
Vancouver, University of British Columbia, Department of Agri-
culturEd Economics, 1966.
—, see also Education.
32 Re: Faculty and Staff Publications
To reduce file size, the publications section has not been included. For this information,
contact the University of British Columbia Archives.
1956 Main Mall
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Z1
Telephone: 604-822-5877
Fax: 604-822-9587


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