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Report of the University Librarian to the Senate 1956-11

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 The Report
of the University Librarian
to the Senate
41st yean September 1955 to August 1956
November 1956 The University of British
The Report
of the
University Librarian
to the Senate
41st Year
3r  1955 to August
November 1956
1956 Contents
Introduction: the Pressures of Rising
Enrolment   1
The Record
The Fiscal Record   4
Acquisitions and Use   6
Increasing Pressures    7
The Needs
Books and Book Funds    9
Personnel   11
The Library of the University   13
The Senate Library Committee  15
The Building   16
Noise  18
School of Librarianship   19
Friends of the Library  20
Report upon Library Divisions
Reference Division  21
Loan Division  22
Serials Division  24
University Library Bindery  24
Bio-Medical Library   25
Acquisitions Division     26
Cataloging Division  27
Extension Library  28
Acknowledgments   29
A. (1) Expenditures for Books,
Periodicals, and Binding.
(2) Volumes Added to the Collections.
B. Selected List of Notable
Acquisitions: (I) Serials, (II) Books.
C. New Periodical Titles Received.
D. Loan and Interlibrary Loan Statistics.
E. Library Staff as of August 31, 1956.
F. Professional Activities of University
Library Staff.
G. Senate Library Committee.
H. Council of Friends of the Library. Report of the University Librarian to the Senate
UNDER THE PRESSURE of rising enrolment, universities can
hardly escape becoming great diploma mills during the next
decade unless they pay more attention to their creative role
in society.  This is no wild surmise.  If university revenues
do not swell as rapidly as the ranks of students, mass techniques must be employed to squeeze out the necessary number of
degree-bearing graduates.  In this process of physical growth,
if increasing emphasis is not put upon advanced study and
research, the universities will become more celebrated for
longer than for higher education.  Research will be abandoned
to industry and government, and education will repeat the
proven and the known.
Perhaps a higher proportion of Canadian than of U. S.
institutions will be disturbed by this influence of mass upon
equilibrium.  In few Canadian universities are graduate studies
yet highly developed, and if an overwhelming share of available
strength is drawn off for the lower end of the university
program, advanced work will be seriously impaired.
The University of British Columbia would be particularly
vulnerable to the effects of such a diversion.  Advanced study
is in a thriving state in most of the science departments and
has spread at many points into the social sciences and humanities.  But demands upon University energies and facilities in
excess of what the budget can bear will stunt this vigorous
development at an early stage. 2
There are few restrictions upon entrance to the University
of British Columbia—anyone who has completed the required course
in an accredited secondary school in the Province, with the
recommenJation of the principal, may take a fling at a college
education.  Such a liberal policy of admissions harmonizes with
the needs and objectives of a democratic society, but it creates
educational problems which may interfere with the function of the
A small private college can, by strict entrance requirements
and the close personal attention of faculty, do much to control
its educational environment and standards. A large university,
however, is somewhat less able to ensure a high level of attainment from every student. It must, instead, be able to offer outstanding opportunities for development to those who will take
advantage of them.
The University of British Columbia as a small college has
disappeared. If, in its place, we are to have a large institution, it must offer the very real compensations of size to offset
its recognized disadvantages; it must not be allowed to grow
large without also becoming distinguished.  A first class library
and faculty and ample research facilities are the chief requirements for academic distinction.
A university for undergraduates without plenty of library
resources is not an instrument of education so much as it is one
of reproduction, turning out reasonable facsimiles of favorite
contemporary models.  A proper library and. faculty offer the able
student the opportunity to discover his own individuality upon
which to develop as a human being.
For advanced study and research the library is as essential
as the faculty itself.  A lack of library resources will thwart
essential exploratory work and make it difficult to attract eminent men. By leaning too heavily upon other institutions for
research material, the University faces the discomforting charge
of perpetuating itself as an intellectual colony.
In spite of the University's enlightened self-interest in
providing for basic Library growth, and the willingness of both
federal and provincial governments to increase their university
subsidies, it seems apparent under present conditions that more
massive support will be needed if a truly distinguished Library
is to be secured.
Many of the Library's finest collections are already owed to
private means.  Its library of Canadian history and literature
is founded upon the eminent collections given by Judge F. W.
Howay and Dr. Robie L. Reid.  Slavonic Studies have been made
possible by the generous assistance of the Rockefeller Foundation,
supported by continuing grants from Mr. Walter C. Koerner.
Forestry materials have been provided for a number of years by
Dr. H. R. MacMillan.  Library resources in medicine owe much to
the cooperation of the Vancouver General Hospital and its affiliated health and research agencies.
During the past fiscal year the following major grants from
non-University sources have been received:
Walter C. Koerner.  Addition to grant honouring Dr. William J.
Rose. For Slavonic Studies, $2,500.
Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation.  For material in the humanities,
$1,000.  For Canadian studies, .$1,000.
Men's Canadian Club of Vancouver. For Canadian publications in
English, annual grant of $500.
H. R. MacMillan.  Continuation of grant for publications in
forestry.. Gifts of rare material chiefly relating to western
Walter C. Koerner, Leon Koerner, the B. C. Electric Company.
Fund for library materials for Asian Studies, $1,500.
The Vancouver Italian-Canadian Mutual Aid Society, and five
members of the Vancouver Italian community.  For Italian
studies, $650.
From numerous donors to the Dr. Gilbert Tucker Memorial Fund.
For historical materials, chiefly the microprint edition of
the Sessional Papers of Great Britain, $3,051.
Imperial Optical Company, Vancouver. Grant for books relating
to ophthalmology, $500. 4
The Dr. Charles A. Eggert Memorial Library Fund.  Income of
$20,000 bequest to purchase books in the field of medicine,.
B. C. Forest Products Limited. Grant of $500 for International
The Friends of the Library of the University of British
Columbia—an organization just inaugurated at the end of the
academic year—promises to be influential in getting an active
program of accelerated growth under way. This is a wholly new
factor to be reckoned with in the development of the University
The Record
This has been a very full year. For a nominal increase in book
funds a significantly greater number of books and journals were
received; more material than every before was borrowed at the
Loan Desk, somewhat less from the Reserve Room; and another
increase was realized in Bindery output.  In some other respects
which cannot be adequately represented statistically the Library's
problems have enormously increased.
The Fiscal Record
Total Library support during the past half-decade has increased
from about $162,000 to $315,000, and funds for books and binding
from $60,000 (from all sources) to over $135,000. This is not
all clear progress, for both inflation and new service requirements (chiefly the new Faculty of Medicine) eat voraciously into
this larger grant. As faculty become increasingly aware of their
dependence upon Library facilities, administration is more ready
to finance the developments required. Non-University support has
come to the aid of studies which could not otherwise have been
pursued. 5
During the fiscal year 1955/56 the following amounts were
expended upon books, periodicals, and binding (with comparative
data for two previous periods):
1955/56*   1954/55    1954/54
Library $$3,75$.10 $73,323.6$ $63,096.33
Medicine 30,525.40 34,0$0.56 34,0$7.4$
Law $,$99.$$ $,530.69 7,466.71
Non-University 11,915.59 13,729.65 10,477.03
Totals $135,09$.97 $129,664.5$ $115,127-55
*For more detailed statistics, see Appendix A.
Of the annual expenditure for 1955/56, $113,200.71 was for books
and periodicals, $21,$9$.26 for binding. Of the total funds,
$$3,75$.10 was appropriated directly to the Library, $39,425.2$
came by other University routes, and $11,915.59 from non-University sources. Of this, 29% was devoted, to two special areas
(Medicine, Law), about If  to smaller special projects (Slavonic
Studies, French Canadiana, Forestry), and 64% to some forty other
staple University subject fields (last year, 33%, 10% and 57%,
The University's expenditure upon the Library per student
this year was $52.$4 ($55.77 a year ago), and the ratio of
Library cost to total University expenditure (omitting capital
items) was 5.2% (compared with 5.6 in 1954/55).
It is instructive to compare library expenditures per student with some of the larger institutions which have well
advanced graduate programs: the University of California,
$127.10; U. C. L. A., $95.09; Duke University, $96.51; North
Carolina, $101.25. Our closest Pacific coast neighbors, the
Universities of Washington and Oregon, allow $53.00 and $72.36
for library use. With'$52.$4 per student, U. B. C is above
the median ($39.3$) of a hundred assorted colleges and universities in the U. S., but only half a dozen notable institutions
provide less than this University, and about thirty invest more.
Canadian institutions range from $5,62 to $75.00, with the
median at $39.50. 6
The Record: Acquisitions and Use
The year's expenditures for library materials brought in
20,946 volumes (20,368 in 1954/55), including 9,951 bound
volumes of journals (10,$6$ last year). This standard measure
of quantity omits various types of material in micro-form,
31,07-1 recorded but uncataloged items received from governmental
and international agencies, 2,413 maps, and sizable yet unprocessed additions in Oriental languages and for the College of
Education. There were 203 new journal subscriptions placed
(202 in 1954/55).  Lists of notable acquisitions (Appendix B)
and of new periodical titles (Appendix C) appear at the end of
this report.
This year the number of volumes borrowed at the main Loan
Desk increased about 6,000 over the year before, while such
transactions in the Reserve Book Room declined approximately
7,000 in number.  Admitting large numbers of students to the
bookstacks has not seemingly interfered with the borrowing of
books for home use, as was once predicted.
Loans at the main Desk increased 5.$% over the previous
year, while Reserve use declined 1 yfo.    Extending stack access
to 3d and 4th year students may have gradually led this group
into the main book collection away from the very limited stock
of books on open shelves in the Reserve Book Room. This explanation would be difficult to prove but is tempting to consider.
In reporting interlibrary loan statistics it can be noted
that for the first time loans to other institutions were more 7
than double the number of items borrowed, 1,17$ compared with
523 (previous year 1,049 and 727); of these the Bio-Medical
Library accounted for 2$6 and 106.
One of a number of quantitative measures of a university
library's standing as a research collection is its interlibrary
loan statistics, particularly the relationship between the
number of volumes borrowed and lent. With a single year's
exception, (1952/53) when medical library facilities were far
inferior to the research needs of the faculty, the University
Library has maintained a credit position for many years.
The Record: Increasing Pressures
There are currently three kinds of pressures which tend to limit
or to tax to the limit the Library's capacity for service.
Changes in personnel impose a serious burden upon Library
operations, affecting both cost and effectiveness. This matter
will be reviewed more fully below, but with a turnover during the
year of 105% of the clerical staff and of 66%  of all persons,
the very basis of service itself is weakened.
Much more encouraging, and yet ominous, are the problems
imposed by a sharply increased demand, coming in two dimensions:
from the expansion of the University both in physical and academic
stature, and from a growing campus concern with Library development and use.
Greater enrolment—the absolute increase in the number of
physical bodies jamming the service desks, lining up at the
catalogs and indexes, and trying, sometimes desperately, to
borrow the same list of books—is a serious problem for Library
and user. More students, particularly in the first two years,
mean more persons engaged in the same assignments, competing for
the same books.  Behind, the desks, for every book that is lent,
four or five other requests may not be filled, and finding a book
is far quicker than looking for it.  Peak periods have become
high plateaus, and slack times, during which many of the routine
operations were formerly carried out, have disappeared.  Former
spare-time jobs must now be scheduled and paid for. $
New departures (into Asian Studies, elementary education)
and the development of existing academic interests (in sociology,
classics, chemistry, economics and political science, commerce
and business administration, to name a few) make new claims upon
funds and staff alike.
Growing faculty interest in the Library is noticeable,
brought about partly b~y~ new academic appointments and expanding
research, partly by larger book funds and the active acquisitions
program promoted by the Library staff.  By whatever causes, the
crescendo of requests for books and journals reaches the flood
stage by the winter term.  Some ten thousand orders were placed
during the year, but the number of requisitions received and
checked was almost twice that.  Procedures have been simplified,
shortened, abandoned. Speed of action at this vantage point in
the process of development is fundamental to an expansion program.
Developing Library use has been stimulated over a period of
years by a program of acquainting new students with the Library,
carried on jointly by the Library and faculty. There is no
doubt that by this means the students' ability and readiness to
use Library materials have been markedly increased, and reports
from eastern universities upon experience with U. B. C. students
there corroborate this fact.  Some thirty-five classes in
beginning English alone were given instruction and training twice
during the year, plus some thirty hours devoted to other departments. The influx of hundreds of additional new students each
year, however, raises the question whether this valuable
instruction can be continued in its present form.
The Library, it must be remembered, operates a year-round,
day-and-night university, open to all comers throughout a
79-hour week. Too thin a stock of essential books and too tight
a staff schedule create repeated crises which cannot be avoided.
The long range solution will be a larger and better established
staff and more adequate facilities, but much can be accomplished
immediately by closer cooperation and understanding on the part
of faculty and students.
The Library is regarded by most users strictly from the
consumer's point of view.  It might well be an automat or a dispassionate public utility, providing hot and cold running water. However convenient these notions, they bear little relation to a
real library organization. Regular processes, yes, vast
materials, and a self-disciplined professional staff; but the
Library is no automatic hopper into which to toss indiscriminately
checked book catalogs, carelessly prepared requisitions and
reading lists, competing class assignments. The Library will be
effective not only because of the calibre of the staff and
collections but because those who participate in its use take
some responsibility for its usefulness—in proportion, perhaps,
to their own expectations.
The Needs: Books and Book Funds
Greater usefulness promotes greater use. There is, unfortunately,
no simple way of assessing the holdings of a library and reporting upon its value as a research collection.  Evaluations can be
made by subject fields, checking against lists of most cited
journals and of standard reference sets, and by noting whether
they satisfy needs as expressed by local users. This sort of
checking is being done continuously at U. B. C, not to ascertain
rank among other libraries, but to discover and remedy weaknesses
in fields where advanced work is being done or considered. One
of the significant functions of the Library staff is to carry on
such self-analyses jointly with subject specialists who are
willing to be involved.
As a measure of usefulness, a list of the most cited journale
in a number of scientific fields was checked against the
collections. Although the list itself is over a decade old, it
was used to rate a large group of U. S. libraries and is a guide
of sorts for us. 10
The journals were listed in the order of their usefulness
as measured by the number of times they were cited in scientific
literature, and the several fields in which our holdings were
studied are arranged in the following table according to their
comparative rank (completeness of holdings) at this University.
Library Holdings in List of Most Cited Journals*
No. of
1st h
of list
1st £
Bot any
Elect. Eng,
No comprehensive attempt has been made to check our standing in
all these fields in relation to other institutions. But in
chemistry, for example, our strongest field by this test, we
have in 1955 the approximate periodical holdings reported by the
University of Colorado in 1943 and are well below the position,
say, of the University of Washington a dozen years ago. There is
not very much comfort for U. B. C. here.
Like annual taxes, the cost of journal subscriptions and of
current publications must be paid out of recurring funds, since
they are perpetual commitments. Most collections must grow both
at front and rear, and regular opportunity must therefore be
provided to catch up with the past. Ventures into new fields
or into graduate work call for special capital grants to get some
kind of working collections assembled quickly, and regular
appropriations thereafter like any other part of the University.
These costs are a first charge against scholarly developments.
*From the list prepared by Dr. Charles H. Brown for the Association of Research Libraries, 1943. 11
A considerable part of the recorded increase in Library
collections during the past few years has been because of medical
library development, without which the Faculty of Medicine would
be unable to function. This is particularly true of new journal
subscriptions, and half of the titles added during the year were
primarily of medical interest.  Back sets will continue to be
acquired for several years, but the medical journal list will
likely be extended only with new developments in the medical
Faculty. The time has now come, therefore, to place more
emphasis upon other subject fields, and a considerably increased
appropriation will be requested for such periodical subscriptions.
For the coming year minimum additional needs should be provided for in the book budget as follows:
For new journal subscriptions $3,000
To increase the Library Committee Fund for
research publications 1,000
Increase in departmental allocations 4,000
Research collections 5,000
Librarian's General Fund 3,500
Reference works, government publications $00
Multiple copies for undergraduate use 1,000
S.S. and M.A. taxes, etc' 1,000
A minimum increase of $19,300
The Needs: Personnel
The position of the professional librarian on this campus has
always been vague, even anomalous. Except for a few persons at
the top, with administrative titles, and classed with "Academic
and Administrative Executive Personnel," they have been vaguely
and variously ranked with clerical and "service" staff. With
demands upon the Library becoming ever more heavy and specialized,
some quite radical change in the status and pay of university
librarians must be made if a Library of high standing is to be
attained. 12
"Faculty" status on the campus is now largely, although not
entirely, limited to members of the University who are primarily
classroom teachers.  Certain administrative officers are in fact
included, as dealing with "academic" affairs.  At what point
among the basically non-teaching staff (research professor,
research assistant, resident artist, librarian, editor, etc.) the
fine line between "faculty" and "non-faculty" is to be found is
a matter calling for some nice distinctions and decisions.
Professional librarians have educational qualifications
which compare favorably with those of the teaching faculty of
various professional schools. The librarian's education is
academic because his work is fundamentally academic.  In the
University he is concerned with the literature of the several
academic fields, and whether or not he is a specialist in the
subject matter of one of them (which is the type of specialization with which, his teaching colleagues are familiar) , he has
specialized knowledge of the sources of data upon which their
work depends.
It is no longer seriously possible to believe that in any
profession can hacks, quacks, and tyros carry on effectively.
Because of the enormous complexities of contemporary scholarly
publication and of the highly specialized subject matter and
personnel which characterize the modern university, it is
essential that librarians be educated people, dedicated to the
extension of education and research. Their creative task is to
develop research collections, encourage among intelligent
students a self-sufficiency in their use, and work with colleagues on the teaching and research staff toward joint objectives.
So important is the function of the University Library and
so great the competition for competent university people to man
it that if U. B. C. is to become one of the great modern universities on the continent, attention must very soon be paid to
the predicament of the professional Library staff. Their salary,
status, and relationships with other academic personnel must be
openly examined and re-evaluated, or the group as a serious professional body will disappear. 13
Turnover of Staff.  During the year 44 persons left the
Library staff, out of a total of 64.  Of these $ were Librarians,
of a total of 25 (a turnover of 33%); 12 were Library Assistants,
of 16 such positions (a loss of 75%); and 24 were of the clerical
group totaling 23 (105%).  There was a turnover of 66% of the
total staff. The average length of service was as follows
(omitting for this count five long-time professional members
ranging from 1$ to 42 years):
Average (Mean) Service in Months
1955/56  1954/55  1953/54  1952/53
All staff        30.6    33      35.1     27.5
Professional      49-2     42      35-9     23
Others 22       2$       34.6      32
Average length of service for employed professional staff increased during the year, but this ignores five vacancies which
existed during the University session, three of which were filled
by persons without library training and experience.
Persons in the clerical and Library Assistant positions
maintain many of the basic processes upon which library services
depend, and the University Personnel Department is very much
aware of the difficulties of securing and retaining this staff.
Parity with city salary scales and working conditions, and just
rewards for continuing employment must be provided if service is
to be sustained.  (Appendix E, Library staff as at August 31,
1956; Appendix F, Professional Activities of the University
Library staff.)
The Library of the University
The University Library is in some respects an impossible undertaking, always faced by the dichotomy between universal knowledge
and specialization. While University departments recognize the 14
"specialist's splintered view of the universe," the Library is
the model of subject integration.  This does not argue against
the pursuit of a problem from a specific point of view, but it
accounts for the centrifugal force which tends to pull the
Library asunder.
This is no place to analyze in. detail the advantages of
centralization and departmentalization.  It can be briefly said
that branch collections take more from the University's budget,
are divisive, and seriously frustrate those who must cross into
other disciplines. Without careful supervision, special
collections become not only larger but more general as interests
expand beyond an existing periphery.
Perhaps the ideal university (if site and price were no
object) would be a large group of buildings radiating from a
library like spokes from an axis; or several such wheels surrounding hubs of smaller diameter.  In either case the library would be
disposed to the advantage of related groups of users, and library
staff could be chosen with appropriate subject specializations.
Cost would increase very markedly but so also would service, and
library, research, and teaching would be properly integrated.
At the University of British Columbia (where site and price
are of some consequence) we should now perhaps dream of a less
limited, future. With a million more dollars in the Library budget,
several useful changes could be prudently managed.  Departmental
libraries would still be impracticable; their scope is too small
and their number too many.  Large concentrations of material and
staff would be far more productive and manageable: a library for
the pure sciences, another for applied; one for the biological
sciences, medicine, and agriculture; and a fourth for the social
sciences and humanities (with a large storage stack for non-
current material).  Such comprehensive special libraries under a
central administration are still quite possible on the basis of
the site plan alone.  They would require much duplication of
material-(for example, between the pure sciences, biological
sciences, applied sciences) ; and. some departments and schools 15
(such as architecture, chemical engineering, forestry, geology,
mathematics) might remain in a poorly articulated position.
A twelve million dollar University living on a six million
dollar budget—a three hundred and fifty thousand dollar Library
being urged to give a million dollar service—until the University can more nearly match its income with its inclinations,
some contribution of energy and patience by faculty and of
willingness and ingenuity on the part of Library staff will continue to be essential.
During the year the long talked of delivery service between
Library and faculty was successfully instituted. Twice-daily
rounds by truck are made to a possible forty-five stations in
response to calls telephoned to "Library - Delivery Service" for
pick-up or delivery. When faculty want specific items or have
anything to return, the Library is as close as the nearest telephone .
Senate Library Committee
This official advisory committee is the established place of
exchange between Library and faculty. Through it, by osmosis or
less gentle means, the needs and desires of the University
relating to library service find expression and are turned into
workable forms. Members of the Library Committee represent the
point of view and concern, but not the restricted interests, of
their own particular disciplines.  They are the official protagonists of the Library in the Faculties, to devise policies
and pi-o grams to foster Library development on a University-wide
ba si s. 16
The Committee met in November, December, and April, under
the chairmanship of Dr. Ian McT. Cowan, to allocate book funds
among subject departments, expend the Committee Fund of $2,000
upon research materials, discuss the Librarian's annual report
to Senate (before and after publication), and to concern itself
with a multitude of problems relating to personnel, funds and
collections, the building, internal operations, faculty participation, and library service. A lively interest on the part of
individuals in some of the faculties to secure membership in this
Committee suggests either an increasing concern for Library
development or dissatisfaction with present arrangements—in
either case an awareness of the Library's importance.  (For membership of Committee and Terms of Reference, see Appendix G.)
The Building
The Library is inside the building, but the hard outer shell has
a very direct effect upon its development and use. Are the books
generally accessible? Is the Library expensive to run? Are
noise and confusion a serious problem? Is there adequate space
for book storage and use? Is the staff effectively and comfort- \
ably cared for? Are traffic lanes and work spaces conflicting?
The original Library building was designed for a college of
1,500 students, in the "English Gothic" style.  Like many other
such buildings of the '20s, the plans called for imposing height
and an impressive facade, with a commodious entrance hall in
keeping with its exterior tone.  Much of the lower portion served
chiefly as an entryway, with more spacious quarters on the floor
above.  Plans called for wings to right and left, and in 194$,
the building was more than doubled in size. The annex to the
original block extended reading space on the upper floor and
charged the old traffic lanes with most of the new load.
The University Library in 1956 is faced with a large and
noisy hoard of students who descend hourly upon its five-foot
Gothic entrance.  They burst through the swinging doors, meeting
there other lines of students marching out, and their healthy
voices reverberate around, the groined chamber and rise ahead of 17
them into the vaulted Concourse. Not planned for such a contingency, the great central block of the Library is most uncongenial for study and is an almost uncontrollable source of confusion
and noise which breed and spread throughout the building.
Massive reading rooms, poorly planned traffic routes, a
mixture of study and staff space, areas defying or not receiving
acoustical treatment, an almost complete lack of opportunity outside the bookstack for contact with books, these all adversely
affect operations and use. Poor study conditions outside the
bookstack make stack access a privilege, but as an extension of
the reading rooms, not to permit closer association with books;
advanced students and faculty are at a disadvantage.
The University Library needs its promised second wing now,
although it  is not contemplated in the present ten-year building
plan.  It is already needed because the eight hundred seats are
well filled throughout the day, and expanded services (repeatedly
mentioned, in earlier reports) press for attention.  It is also
required to alleviate conditions arising from the meeting of
English Gothic and mass use:
To provide a new, adequate entryway and sound baffle,
designed to accommodate the large volume of students coming and
going from hour to hour.
To create facilities at ground, level for a general collection
of books and for reading space sufficient to meet the major needs
of students in their lower years; thus to provide them ready
access to the most pertinent material and to reserve the main
bookstacks for more advanced use.
To set up reading rooms of smaller size in order to reduce
commotion and to improve study conditions.
To permit the removal of study tables from the Loan Desk
area to avoid the confusion arising from a mixture of service and
study space, and to make room for the public catalog which is now
crowded into a busy passageway. 18
Noise in the Library is partly a factor of building design.
Aggravated by this condition, it is also an aspect of general
student behavior on the campus. The fact is that a considerable
number of persons, for their own reasons, seriously interfere
with Library use by the majority, and to date no force of public
opinion has been exerted against it.
There are good reasons why student behavior is basically a
problem of self-government.  In large groups students can resist
authority with considerable social approval, and do it anonymously. Equally pertinent is the fact that librarians have no
actual force with which to exert control; faculty have the grade
wielding power at their command, but students know full well that
the librarian has no way to cope with them if they get out of
hand.  "Quiet campaigns" at examination times, and spot checks
upon noise conditions and noise-makers have been attempted, with
some temporary success. The Library staff cannot become policemen because of lack of time, and the surety that repressive
measures will only create greater opposition.
University students are expected to develop self-control
as part of their education—higher education is a teaching, not
an enforcement process.  The cooperation of student groups,
including the Alma Mater Society, is needed, but considerable
support from administration and faculty will also be required to
develop a new attitude toward Library use.  Discipline cannot be
imposed at the University, it must be engendered. 19
School of Librarianship
Planning continues for the establishment of a graduate School of
Librarianship at this University. A cumulating need for competent
professional staff in all types of library service, the special
difficulty of securing such personnel in western Canada, a larger
potential of graduate students because of increasing university
enrolment, and the new challenges to professional education
rising out of changing social conditions and recent trends in
education for librarianship all argue for the establishment of
such a school.  The University has now taken over from the B. C.
Department of Education full responsibility for the training of
teacher-librarians, and this responsibility logically devolves
upon the proposed library school. The School of Librarianship
will then be in the unique position of providing a fully articulated program of professional education, giving both undergraduate
courses for students in the College of Education and graduate work
preparing librarians for positions in universities, public
libraries, schools, government, and business.
Studies concerning requirements for the training of professional librarians in this area are being pursued by a. joint
committee representing the Public Library Commission, the British
Columbia Library Association, and the University. 20
The Friends of the Library
The Friends of the Library of the University of British Columbia
came into official existence just at the end of the academic
year (September 7, 1956).  In the presence of Dr. J. N. L. Myres,
Bodley's Librarian, and a hundred persons brought together by
their interest in books and the University, the establishment of
the group was announced and effected.
Dr. Myres called attention to the very high value which
Sir Thomas Bodley, founder of Oxford's great library, put upon
its friends.  It is to the "imagination, generosity, and foresight
of the 'great store of honourable friends' that the future greatness of this library and indeed of all our great libraries may
well rest."
The Council of the Friends has been created, and a well
printed Announcement and Invitation to join the organization has
been prepared for distribution.  Plans are under way to bring the
Library and its Friends together in order to stimulate their
mutual and varied interest in books and. their use.  (For a list
of the Council of Friends, see Appendix H.) Report upon Library Divisions
The University Library is built up of a number of working units,
and from these stem the service, problems, and aspirations
which are detailed in this report.  Segregated for functional
purposes, these operating divisions join organically at many
points and form a vital part of the body of the University.
Reference Division
Reference service is the product of a variety of informational
sources, a multiplicity of guides and indicators, and a selection
of human minds trained and experienced in their use and interpretation.
By (1) securing and handling materials which supplement the
book collections (government publications, pamphlets, maps,
micro-reproductions), (2) increasing the usefulness of the
Library through instruction, direct assistance, and the production of guides and bibliographies, and (3) broadening the
range of available information to include resources of other
libraries, the Reference Division performs an essential service
in the University.
Over 36,000 publications were received and recorded during
the year (of which 31,071 were from governmental and international organizations, 2,431 were maps, and 467 university
calendars).  Lists were checked for needed material, and 1,$91
volumes put through the Library bindery. Of more than 17,000
questions answered, $,000 came by telephone, 4,500 from off-
campus sources. Hundreds of persons were introduced individually
to reference materials; and about 100 hours of class instruction
were given in Library use, of which 1,400 students in the
"Freshman Project" comprised the major part.  These twice-yearly
lectures included practical assignments, requiring the preparation of hundreds of separate questions and the correction
of 2 x 1,400 problems, added to the normal work load of the
Division. Offering special programs of Library orientation to
departmental secretaries; conducting quantities of tours for
campus and off-campus groups; and the mounting of 70 carefully
designed displays were a part of the year's total accomplishment. 22
In cooperation with teaching departments, selected bibliographical guides to reference materials were prepared for
advanced students in French and German literature, and in geography, and for beginning groups in agriculture and electrical
engineering. When opportunity and staff coincide, individual
librarians are assigned to provide special reference service for
specific departments.
Interlibrary loans totaled 523 volumes borrowed, 1,17$ lent
(for 1954/55: 727 and 1,049), requiring 1,953 transactions,
4,425 pieces of correspondence, and an expenditure of over
$500 for postage and copying.  (Appendix D for comparative loan
statistics.)  Thousands of index cards relating to the Arctic
Ice Survey and a project in radio, electronics, and electricity
were received.
The annual list of Publications of Faculty and Staff was
again prepared, the new edition expanding from. 295 to 369
separate entries and from 42 to 55 pages.
The Fine Arts Room (Miss Melva Dwyer in charge), the
Howay-Reid Collection (Mr. Noel Owens), and the Map Room
(Miss Doreen Taylor) serve special groups with specialized
material and attention. The Map Room was opened to regular
public use during November 1955.
Staff shortages and the necessary substitution for professional staff of persons without library training and experience limited the service given. With heavy service loads, many
of the staff put in much overtime. Neither salaries nor working
conditions allow opportunity for study which leads to increased
usefulness and advancement. Miss Anne Smith, diligent leader of
her profession in the field of reference work, was loyally
supported by Miss Joan O'Rourke (First Assistant) and a capable
and industrious staff.
Loan Division
The Loan Division lends books when they are desired, secures
their return when required, and maintains the continuing flow
and integrity of the Library's collections.
Over 200,000 loans—a similar number of returns, and a vast
quantity of unrequited "searches"—were made during the year;
all during a 79-hour week, and under conditions which allow 23
thousands of persons into the bookstack area and require the
employment of many part-time assistants. The loan record is as
follows (see also Appendix D):
1955/56   1954/55   1953/54
Loan Desk 101,240   104,122    95,$02
Reserve Room 90,023    97,402    $2,$$2
200,263   201,526   17$,6$4
An increase of approximately 6% will be observed in materials
borrowed at the main Loan Desk, and a decrease of 7% in volumes
taken in the Reserve Book Room. This does not account for
unrecorded use in the bookstack itself.
Closer control of the stack entry was instituted, covering
the full 79-hour schedule. The annual inventory found 607
volumes missing in June 1956, a figure reduced to 472 by the
beginning of August, a hundred less than the 579 missing in
August 1955. More than 700 bills for overdue books were sent.
During the year the operations of the Reserve Book Room
were fully integrated with those of the Loan Desk, improving
service and security.  Most reserve books are nov; transferred
from the main bookstacks during the summer, rather than at the
beginning of term, and faculty are canvassed in March for their
Reserve selections.  A number of simplifications in handling
loans were adopted.
Relief for crowded conditions in the main bookstacks is at
last in sight, for in August 1956 tenders were authorized to
install new floors and shelving in the unoccupied stack "well."
During the winter seven levels of bookstacks and over a hundred
new study carrels will be installed, and in the spring, after a
considerable spate of disruption and the shifting of the entire
collection, the promised land will at last be occupied.
Staff turnover was nearly complete during the year, and
Mr. Robert Neale left as Stack Supervisor after ten years.
The Division depends heavily upon part-time student assistants,
who are paid less for library work than for some other types of
employment on the campus, and continuity for the group is not
high. Miss Mabel Lanning, Head, Mr. Inglis Bell, First Assistant
and Mrs. Frances Tucker, supervising the Reserve Book Room, by
dint of careful reorganization and overlong schedules cope
successfully with increasing loads. 24
Serials Division
The Serials Division turns the world's vast supply of periodical
publications to the University's particular use.
At the end of the year, 4,424 titles were being currently
received, of which 203 were added during the report period, and
9,9.51 bound volumes augmented the Library's collections.
Over 70 notable back files were acquired. The majority of subscriptions are handled on a continuing basis through periodical
agencies, but 920 orders were placed for new titles, sets, and
miscellaneous issues.  About 40 series were regularly contributed
by faculty members.  (See Appendix B-I for list of notable
acquisitions, and Appendix C for new journal subscriptions.)
Loans totaled 11,492 unbound issues, compared with 15,901
during the previous year.  Another evening was added to the
Division's schedule, which now embraces Monday through Friday
nights.  A slight increase in evening use was recorded.
Two great backlogs were brought under control during the
year.  The large purchase of journals, formerly a part of the
Royal Canadian Institute library, has been virtually assimilated
after a half dozen years; and the once enormous backlog of binding has been reduced to manageable proportions, to be handled
henceforth with current acquisitions.
Staff losses chiefly affected bindery preparation but were
not crippling in spite of the marked increase in bindery production. High staff morale and the state of the journal collections
testify to Mr. Roland Lanning's discrimination and alertness in
dealing with periodicals and people.
University Library Bindery.  Again the volume of binding
has increased while the unit cost declined.  Output for the
fiscal year was 9,$$9 volumes in full binding and 1,9$2 in
storage covers (compared with 9,139 and 737 in 1954/55).  The
$.2% rise in production, in spite of advancing costs of labor
and materials, lowered binding costs on a per-volume basis.
Increased production must be attributed to Mr. Percy Fryer's
good management and to the willing cooperation of a competent
and dependable staff, for no additional equipment or personnel
were added during the year.  Each year's record of accomplishment
is cheerfully accepted as a minimum quota toward next year's
goal. 25
Bio-Medical Library
The Bio-Medical Library has become one of the most important
research collections in the University Library.  This has come
about rapidly because of strong faculty interest, the availability
of funds to carry out the project, and the energetic lead taken
by the University Library staff in promoting acquisitions and. use.
At the end of the year the Bio-Medical collection amounted
to 24,$97 volumes (about $,000 volumes in 1951, not counting
relevant materials in the main Library collection).  Total subscriptions from Medical funds numbered 769 titles, of which 101
were added during 1955/56 (see Appendix C).  To these add 334
periodicals received as gifts and 477 pertinent journals in the
main collection, and the medical list is brought to 1,5$0 titles.
Some 2,260 volumes of books and journals were added during the
Recorded loans at the Bio-Medical Branch totaled 11,203
volumes; records in the campus reading room are not complete
because the major part of the journal collection is in the main
Library stacks.  Interlibrary loans totaled 2$2 volumes loaned
and 121 borrowed (compared with 196 and 170 last year), a 60%
increase in books lent and a 41.7 decrease in those borrowed.
A tabulation of the use made of journal files shows a heavy
dependence upon volumes issued in previous decades.
Use 0f Journals by Date of Publication*
Up to
*BMRR - Bio-Medical Reading Room, campus (incomplete)
BMB - Bio-Medical Branch, General Hospital. 26
If only the volumes published up to 1933 had been secured on inter
library loan from other institutions, the year's borrowings would
have been tripled.  It is also to be reported that of the journals
used at the clinical branch, 1,215 pertained to the basic sciences,
3,47$ to general medicine, 4,194 to specialties, and 137 were
Some 40 hours of lectures were given to students in Medicine
and Pharmacy. Ten lists of current acquisitions were distributed,
a catalog of medical films was established, an information file
relating to translations was set up, and the feasibility of providing a current indexing service for faculty was tested.
Cooperation with the Vancouver Medical Association Library was
The Library Committee of the Faculty of Medicine, headed by
Dr. Sydney M. Friedman, and the President's Committee on the
Bio-Medical Branch, with Dr. Lawrence Ranta as chairman from its
inception until succeeded this year by Dr. D. M. Whitelaw, dealt
specifically with medical library matters.
Miss Doreen Fraser, Bio-Medical Librarian, has given both
direction and energy to the program which has developed. Under
the general supervision of Miss Anne M. Smith, and with the continuing assistance of Mrs. Marguerite Ford and other members of
the staff, the Bio-Medical Library is one of the most active of
its kind in Canada. Three staff members have resigned this year,
two after three years of service, one with four, and their places
will be hard to fill.
Acquisitions Division
Business and bibliography are the chief factors in the acquisitions
process, and under present conditions, they find themselves
arranged in that order of priority.
There were 9,7$0 orders placed during the year (9,02$ in
1954/55), bringing 9,977 titles and 10,995 volumes into the
Library (not counting 9,951 volumes of bound journals). An expenditure of $113,200 was made from all sources.  (See Appendix A.)
The use of the 9-part multiple form (introduced in July 1955)
has favorably affected many phases of the Division's work, but it
does not of course ease the load of bibliographical searching.
To avoid delays resulting from developing backlogs of current 27
requisitions, simplifications of the checking procedure are being
worked out.  A high percentage of books requested by faculty are
already in the Library, and individuals are being encouraged to
check book lists and catalogs very judiciously.
During the year the Division established a list of 45
stations for pick-up and delivery, and it now administers the
Library delivery service.
Staff changes of almost ruinous proportions affected the
Division during the year, and bibliographic checking suffered
most seriously from these conditions. Miss Eleanor Mercer, Head,
and Miss Priscilla Scott, her professional assistant, faced very
difficult problems of management, and further attention is being
paid to stabilizing routines in order that new staff can be
initiated into them more quickly.
Cataloging Division
The Cataloging Division provides the complicated subject pattern
which holds the Library collections together, and it maintains
catalogs and other records supplying keys to content and meaning.
The following is the record of production for the Division
during the year:
1955/56      1954/55
Books cataloged 11,575       13,764
Serial vols, added      12,947       13,909
Unbound serial entries     14-2 124
Totals 24,664       27,797
The drop in output can be readily accounted for by the loss of
four of a total of six professional catalogers during the year
and the vacancy of three of the positions from January until
June 1956.  Likewise only two of six non-professional staff survived. The showing would have been even less commendable had
very capable catalogers not been added to the staff in the closing
months of the period.
It can nevertheless be reported that cataloging (if not the
typing of cards) is on a current basis. However, several 2$
thousand volumes from the Normal School and the Victoria Summer
Session library remain to be processed gradually.  A large
collection of materials in Oriental languages awaits the employment of specialists in this field.  Some backlog has accumulated
in various Slavic languages, and the re-cataloging of the medical
collection is not yet quite completed. Materials in the reading
room of the Department of Mining and Metallurgy have been processed, and other similar collections remain to be done.
In spite of recent handicaps and the need for additional
typing assistance, the Division is in a sound and vigorous state.
Miss Marjorie Alldritt, Head, is a very able organizer, and she
and her staff are congenial and competent workers.
Extension Library
The University maintains several open doors to the Province, one
of which is the Extension Library.  Operated by the Library with
the cooperation of the Department of Extension, it supplements
other library services in British Columbia.
Loans from the Extension Library totaled 21,135 during the
year, with 765 borrowers paying the two dollar fee (in 1954/55
21,794 and $35).  Theatre groups account for 1$5 registrations and
received 5,621 plays during the period (2$5 and 5,923), Eight
correspondence courses required 1,24$ loans (1,192). Through the
Extension Library 1,$07 volumes were borrowed from the main
collection of the University Library. Reader interest centers in
world affairs, general science, biography and travel, and
Basic subject lists of books are issued, supplemented
(4 times this year) by the annotated Library Supplements.
Appreciative letters and annual gifts, ranging from five to fifty
dollars, reflect both interest and understanding on the part of
many borrowers.
Miss Edith Stewart, Extension Librarian, is known to most of
her borrowers by mail, but her familiarity with individual books
and personal tastes serves to demolish the barrier of distance
between them. Mrs. Norene Brackett transferred to the Extension
Library during the year and gives a full share of support to this
hard pressed service. 29
Acknowledgment s
These annual acknowledgments, like greeting cards, arrive
regularly at this time of year, are usually directed to the same
people, and express the good will and gratification of the sender.
They have a personal as well as a formal tone since they allude
to some mutual interest and carry a special message intended only
for the receiver.  The University Library is in some way the
personal and public concern of each of the individuals mentioned
below, and as this- annual review is made, the Librarian pays his
sincere respects to all of them.
To Dr. Samuel Rothstein and Miss Anne M. Smith, special
year-end greetings; they and the Heads of Divisions, supported by
staff, all of whom are listed somewhere in this report, have
served with the energy and success indicated here. During a
difficult financial year, the President, Finance Committee, and
Board of Governors have always been receptive to presentations of
Library needs. The administrative departments, Library Committee,
and Deans have given ready assistance, and many members of faculty-
have turned uncounted hours to -Library development in their own
chosen fields.
To new Friends of the Library, and particularly to the
Council of Friends, new year's greetings; now for them as well as
for us is the University's motto: "tuum est."
Neal Harlow
University Librarian APPENDIX A
(1) Expenditures for Books Periodicals and Binding
Books and Periodicals
1954/55      1955/56
Library Budget $57,597.03
Faculty of Medicine 28,355-06
Faculty of Law      7,461.$9
1954/55  1955/56
$15,726.65 $16,365.19
5,725.50  4,199.50
1,068.80  1,333.57
$107,143.63  $113,200.71  $22,520.95 $21,893.26   $129,664.5$  $135,09S.97
(2) Volumes Added to the Collections
Total volumes
Selected List of Notable Acquisitions
Part I: Serials
Acta biotheoretica. v.l, 1935 to date
Acta musicologica.  v.2, 4-25, 1930, 1932-53
Acta radiologica. v.21-43, 2934, 1940-55
American Entomological Society. Transactions, v.6-10, 12-81,
American mathematical monthly, v. 1-20, 1$94-1913
Annales medicinae experimentalis et biologiae fenniae. v.25-32,
Annali di matematica pura et applicata. Series 4. v.2-24,
Annals  of tropical medicine,    v.2-47,   190$-53
Archiv fttr elektrischen Ubertragung. v.1-9, 1947-55
Bibliotheque de l'Ecole des Chartes. v.31-10$,110,112, 1$70-1924
Brooklyn Entomological Society.  Bulletin,  v.24-49, 1929-54
Castanea. v.1-20, 1936-55
Chemie-Ingenieur-Technik.  v.1-26, 192S-54
Classica et mediaevalia. v.1-14, 193$-53
Classical weekly, v.10-4$, 1916/17-1955
Deutsche Vierteljahrsschrift fur Literaturwissenschaft und
Geistesgeschichte. v.1-29, 1923-55
English Dialect Society.  Parts 1-73, l$73-94
English Place Name Society.  Survey of English place names.
v.1-24, 1924-52
Entomological Society of Washington. Proceedings,  v.33-52,
European magazine and London review,  v.1-77, 17$2-1$20
Federation proceedings, v.1-12, 1942-53 Appendix B (Cont.)
Fennia (Societas Geographie Fenniae).  v.53-76, 1930-53
Giornale storico delle letteratura Italiana. v.91-127,
Goethe-gesellschaft.  Schriften.  v.1-54, Beilage I, 1$$5-1951
Historische Zeitschrift.  v.62-165, 169-17$, 1$$9-1942, 1949-54
Hrvatska revija.  v.1-1$, 192$-45
Indian journal of medical research, v.13-42, 192 5-54
Indogermanische Forschungen.  v.1-4, 7-10, 14-19, 33, l$9l-94,
1897-99, 1903-06, 1914
Institute of Actuaries.  Journal,  v.35-77, 1837-1951
International journal of psychoanalysis, v.1-30, 1920-49
Latomus.  v. 1-11 f,3 , 1937-52
Literaturblatt fur germanische und romanische Philologie.
v.1-66, 1880-1944
Mnemosyne; Bibliotheca Philologica Batava.  v.l, 1$52 to date
Nautilus, v.1-67, 1386-1954
New York Entomological Society.  Journal,  v.1-62, 1893-1954
L'opinion publique.  v.1-14, 1370-83
Pan-Pacific entomologist, v.1-30, 1929-54
Philosophische VortrSge der Kant-gesellschaft. #1-3, 5-23,
25-28, 30-31, 33, 1912-34
Practica oto-rhino-laryngologica. v.1-15, 1931-52
Radiologica clinica.     v.1-22,   1932-55
Revista hispanica moderna.  v.1-20, 1934-54
Revue  Canadi.enne.     v.1-80,   1864-1922
Revue des etudes anciennes.  v.1-57, 1899-1955
Revue internationale de philosophie.  v.1-10, 1938-56
Rheinisches Museum fur Philologie. v.43-96 #2, 1883-1952
Schweizerische  Zeitschrift fttr Tuberkulose.     v.1-10,   1944-53 Appendix B (Cont.)
Scripta mathematica. v.2-20, 1933-54
Le semeur.  v.2-17, 1905/06-192O/21
Sewanee review,  v.1-52, 1892-1944
Shakespeare-jahrbuch. v.l-$9, 1$65-1953
Slavia. v.1-41, 1922-37
Societe de linguistique de Paris. Memoires.  v.1-23, 1$6$-1935
Sveriges geologiska undersokning.  Arsbcik.  v.34-47, 1940-53
Virchow Archiv fttr pathologische Anatomie und Physiologie.
v.150-167, 1398-1902
Western folklore, v.1-13, 1942-54
Western humanities review (formerly Utah humanities review),
v.l, 1947 to date
Zeitschrift fttr Deutsche Philologie. v.2, 4-22, 1370, 1873-90
Zentralblatt fttr Bakteriologie, Parasitenkunde und Infektions-
krankheiten.  Referate.  v.63-1954, 1915-1954/55
Part II: Books
Amundsen, Roald Engelbregt Gravning.  The South Pole.  An account
of the Norwegian Antarctic expedition in the 'Frarn',
Translated by A. Chater.  London, 1913.  2 v.
Bach, Johann Sebastian. Neue Ausgabe sfimtlicher Werke; heraus-
gegeben vom Johann-Sebastian-Bach-Institut Gottingen und
vom Bach-Archiv Leipzig.  Kassel, 1954-
Baranov, A. N., ed.  Atlas mira. Moscow, 1954.  (The Walter C
Koerner Slavonic Collection Honouring Dr. William J. Rose.)
Bartholomew, John. Times atlas of the world. Mid-century edition
Edinburgh, 1955-
Blanck, Edwin, ed.  Handbuch der Bodenlehre.  Berlin, 1929-32. 10
Behagel, Otto.  Deutsche Syntax, eine geschichtliche Darstellung.
Heidelberg, 1923-32.  4 v.
Brebeufv Jean de.  The travels and sufferings of Father Jean de
Brebeuf among the Hurons of Canada, as described by himself.
Edited and translated by Theodore Besterman.  London, 1938.
Limited edition, Golden Cockerel Press. Appendix B (Cont.)
Buehler, Johannes.  Deutsche Geschichte.  Revised edition.
Berlin, 1954-
Busolt, Georg. Griechische Geschichte bis zur Schlacht bei
Chaeroneia. Gotha, 1893-1904.  3 v. in 4.
Busolt, Georg. Griechische Staatskunde. Munich, 1920-26.  2 v.
and index.
Charlevoix, Pierre Franqois Xavier de.  La vie de la. Me"re Marie
de 1'Incarnation, institutrice et premiere supe'rieure des
Ursulines de la Nouvelle France.  Paris, 1724.  (Carnegie
Corporation Grant for French-Canadian Studies.)
Corominas, Juan.  Diccionario critico etimologico de la lengua
caste liana.  Bern, 195.5-
The costume of the Russian Empire.  London, 1$04.  73 engravings,
plates hand colored.  (The Walter C. Koerner Slavonic Collection Honouring Dr. William J. Rose.)
DeBure, Guillaume-Francois.  Bibliographie instructive.  Paris,
1763-33.  13 v. in 12.
Delacour, Jean Theodore.  The waterfowl of the world.  London,
Duns, Johannes, Scotus.  Opera omnia. Vatican City, 1950-
Fritzner, Johan. Ordbog over det gamle norske sprog.  Photographic
reproduction of 2d'ed., 1333-96.  Oslo, 1954.
Gluck, Christoph Willibald.  Samtliche Werke; herausgegeben im
Auftrag des Instituts fttr Musikforschung, Berlin, mit Unter-
sttttzung der Stadt Hannover von Rudolf Gerber.  Kassel, 1954-
Gore, Montague.  Observations on the disturbances in Canada.
London, 1833.  (Carnegie Corporation Grant for French-Canadian
Graciansky, Pierre de.  Color atlas of dermatology, translated from
the French by M. Sulzberger.  New York, 1955-
Hfindel, Georg Friedrich.
Hallische Handel-Ausgabe; im Auftrag der Georg-Friedrich-
Handel-Gesellschaft herausgegeben von Max Schneider und
Rudolf Steglich.  Kassel, 1955-
Hall, Basil. Travels in North America in the years 1327 and 1828.
Edinburgh, 1829.  3 v.
Handbuch der normalen und pathologischen Physiologie, mit berttck-
sichtigung der experimentellen Pharmakologie.  Hrsg. von
A. Be the et al.  Berlin, 1927-32.  18 v. Appendix B (Cont.)
Heilbron, Sir Ian Morris, ed.  Dictionary of organic compounds.
Revised ed. New York, 1953.  4 v.
Jacquemin, Raphael.  Iconographie generale et methodique de
costume du IVe au XIXe siecle (315-1815)...  Paris, l$63-6$.
(Gift of Miss Dorothy Somerset.)
La Tour, Bertrand de. Memoires sur la vie de M. de Laval, premier
eveque de Quebec. Cologne, 1761.  (Carnegie Corporation
Grant for French-Canadian Studies.)
Lexikon der P&dagogik; hrsg. vom Deutschen Institut fttr Wissen-
schaftliche'Padagogik, Mttnster, und dem Institut fttr
Vergleichende Erziehungswissenschaft, Salzburg. Verant-
wortlich fttr die Schriftleitung: Heinrich Rombach.  Freiburg,
1952-55. 4 v. and supp.
Menendez Pidal, Ramon.  Historia de Espana.  Madrid, 1947-
MSllendorf, Wilhelm Hermann Wichard vOn, ed. Handbuch der mikro-
skopischen Anatomie des Menschen.  Berlin, 1927-
Die Musik in Geschichte und Gegenwart; allgemeine Enzyklopadie der
Musik. Unter Mitarbeit zahlreicher Musikforscher des In- und
Auslandes, hrsg. von Friedrich Blume.  Kassel, 1949-
Ostrowski, Alexander. Vorlesungen ttber Differential- und Integral
Rechnungen.  Basel, 1945.
Pagel, Julius. Handbuch der Geschichte der Medizin.  Berlin,
1902-05.  2 v.
Pope, Arthur Upham, ed. A survey of Persian art, from prehistoric
time to the present.  London, 193$-39.  6 v.  (Arts 1924 Fund.]
Reallexikon fttr Antike und Christentum, ed. by Theodor Klausner.
Stuttgart, 1950-
Russian-American Company. Records of the Russian-American Company,
l$02-67. Microfilm edition, 77 reels, (The Walter C Koerner
Slavonic Collection Honouring Dr. William J. Rose.)
Somadeva Bhatta. The ocean of story, being C. H. Tawney's translation of Somadeva's Katha sarit sagara (or Ocean of streams
of story) now edited with introduction, fresh explanatory
notes and terminal essay, by N. M. Penzer.  London, 1924-2$.
10 v.
Shoberl, Frederic, ed.  The world in miniature; Russia.  London,
1822-23.  4 v.  (The Walter C Koerner Slavonic Collection
Honouring Dr. William J. Rose.)
"Unsoj-iic , Franc.  Slovenska bibl.iografi ja del knjige (1550-1900).
Llubljana, .1003-05'.  3 parts.  (Rockefeller Foundation Grant
for Slavonic  Studies.) Appendix 3 (Cont.)
Sreznevskii, Izmail Ivanovich. Materialy dlia slovaria drevne-
russkago iazyka. Moscow, 1893-1912. 3 v. (The Walter C.
Koerner Slavonic Collection Honouring Dr. William J. Rose.)
Stevens, Henry.  Photo-bibliography, or a word on printed card
catalogues of old, rare, beautiful and costly books, and how
to make them on a cooperative system ...  London, 1873.
Thucydides. Thucydidis... de Bello Peloponnesiaco libri octo.
Iidem Latine, ex interpretatione L. Vallae, ab H. Stephano
nuper recognita, quam AE. Portus ... repurgavit.  Frankfurt,
Tooley, Ronald Vere.  English books with coloured plates, 1790 to
1360.  London, 1954.  (Gift: Mr. and Mrs. L. W. McLennan.)
U. S. Armed Forces Medical Library. Catalog. Washington, 1950-54,
6 v.
United States Exploring Expedition, l$3$-42.  Records relating to
the United States exploring expedition under the command of
Lt. Charles Wilkes, 1836-42. Microfilm edition of records in
the U. S. National Archives.  27 reels.
Vindel, Francisco. Mapas de America en los libros espa"noles de
los siglos XVI al XVIII (1503-17$9). Madrid, 1955.
Wroth, Lawrence Counselman.  History of the printed book, being the
third number of the Dolphin.  New York, 193 8. APPENDIX C
New Periodical Titles Received
AATSELL journal (American Association of Teachers of Slavonic
and East European Languages)
ABT Abstracts of bioanalytic technology
Acta biotheoretica
Acta musicologica
Acta neurovegativa
Acta philologica Scandinavica
Acta sociologica
Acta tropica
Advances in chemical engineering
African studies
Albrecht von Graefes Archiv fttr Ophthalmologie
Amateur book collector
American Clinical & Climatological Association.  Transactions
American Entomological Society. Transactions
American library annual
American Psychopathological Association.  Proceedings
American quarterly
American surgeon
Annales d'anatomie pathologique
Annales d'oto-laryngologie
Annales paediatriae fenniae
Annales Polonici mathematica (continues Societe Polonaise
Mathematique.  Annales)
Annual review of entomology
Antibiotics monographs
Archives d'ophtalmologie
Archives des maladies de l'appareil digestif
Archiv fttr die gesamte Virusforschung
Archiv fttr Hygiene und Bakteriologie
Archiv fttr klinische und experimertElle Dermatologie
Archiv fttr Mikrobiologie
Archiv fttr Ohren-Nasen-und Kehlkopfheilkunde
Archiv fttr Psychiatrie und Nervenkrankheiten
Arctic Institute of North America.  Special Publications
Bibliographie der fremdsprachigen Zeitschriftenliteratur
Brooklyn Entomological Society. Bulletin
Cahiers internationaux de sociologie
California.  University.  Publications in sociology and social
Cambridge monographs in experimental biology
Canadian architect
Cereal science today
Child study
China reconstructs
Classical weekly
Clinica chimica acta Appendix C (cont.)
Childhood education
Contemporary psychology
Dental abstracts
Deutsche hydrographische Zeitschrift.  Erganzungsheft
Deutsche Zeitschrift fttr Neryenheilkunde
Deutsche Zeitschrift fttr Verdauungs-und Stoffwechselkrank-
Deutsches Archiv fttr klinische Medizin
Edinburgh post-graduate lectures in medicine
Editor and publisher
Electronic engineering
Entomological Society of America.  Bulletin
Ergebnisse der allgemeinen Pathologie und pathologischen
Ergebnisse der Mathematik und. ihrer Grenze-ebiete
Far Eastern economic review
Federation of Ontario Naturalists.  Bulletin
Fiddlehead poetry books
Folia geographica Danica
Fontes artis musicae
Fortschritte der Chemie organischer Naturstoffe
Fortschritte der Neurologie Psychiatrie und ihrer
French review
German medical monthly
Globe and mail (Toronto)
Gyne'cologie et obstetrique
Harvard case studies in experimental science
Harvard University.  Monographs in medicine and public health
Helvetica chirurgiea acta
Hermes Einzelschriften
Histochemische methoden
Hsin-hua pan-yueh-kan (New China monthly)
Index zur Geschichte der Medizin, Naturwissenenschaft
und Technik
Indian pulp and paper
Indogermanische Forschungen
Institut fttr Bsterreichische Geschichtsforschung. Mitteilun-
International medical digest (Tice)
International relations
International Conference on Testing Problems.  Proceedings
Iowa State Medical Society.  Journal
Jahrbucher fttr Geschichte Osteuropas
Janua linguarum
Journal fttr praktische Chemie
Journalism quarterly Appendix C (cont.)
Journal of agricultural engineering research
Journal of education (Boston University.  School of education)
Journal of protozoology
Journal of psychosomatic research
Journal of southern history
Journal of teacher education
Klinische MonatsblStter fttr Augenheilkunde
Listy Filologicke
London. University.  School of Oriental and African
Studies.  Bulletin
Manchester Statistical Society. Transactions
Mechanical translations
Medievalia et humanistica
Medizinische Klinik
Monatsschrift fttr Ohrenheilkunde und Laryngo-rhinologie
Monographs on the Soviet economics system
NPPA News (National Probation Parole Association)
National Book League Reader's Guides
Navy Record Society.  Publications
New Mexico quarterly
New York Academy of Sciences. Transactions
Nieuwe taalgids
Nigerian publications
Nuclear physics
Nuclear science and engineering
Numbers: a quarterly collection of New Zealand writing
Ontario field biologist
Paper-maker and British paper trade journal
People's China
Pharmaceutical bulletin
Physical Society of Japan.  Journal
Physical Society.  Yearbook
Practitioners' conferences
Prairie schooner
Progress in low temperature physics
Reconstruction surgery and traumatology
Record of chemical progress
Recreation news and views (Canadian Welfare Council)
Renaissance Society of America.  Publications
Revista hispanica moderna
Revue d'immunologie
Revue de chirurgie orthopedique
Revue des etudes anciennes
Revue francaise d'etudes cliniques et biologiques
Revue international de philosophie
Rheinisches Museum fiir  Philologie
Romanische Forschungen
Royal College of Surgeons of Edinburgh.  Journal Appendix C (Cont.)
SLA Bibliography (Special Libraries Association)
SLA Monographs (Special Libraries Association)
School progress
Schweizerische   Anstalt fttr das forstliche Versuchswesen.
Scientia paedagogica
Science in progress
Science teacher
Scottish historical review
Scottish medical journal
Scripta mathematica
Sight-saving review
Social work (National Association of Social Workers)
Societe entomologique de France.  Annales
Society for Industrial and Applied Mathematics. Journal
Solid state physics
Soviet physics
Spectrochemical abstracts
Stanford University.  Hoover Institute.  Bibliographical
Survey of ophthalmology
Symposia in applied mathematics.  Proceedings
Systematic zoology
Technical book review
Texas state journal of medicine
Toyo Gakuho
Translation monthly (Special Library Association)
Twentieth century literature
Utah Geological Society.  Guidebook to tho geology of Utah
Virginia medical monthly
Voices (Maine)
Vox romanica
Vox sanguinis
Western folklore
Western humanities review
Wiener Archiv fttr Psychologie, Psychiatrie und Neurologie
Wiener klinische Wochenschrift
Wiener Zeitschrift fttr Nervenheilkunde
William and Mary quarterly
Winnipeg free press
Winter's tales
World affairs
World affairs quarterly
Zeitschrift fttr Haut-und Geschlechts-Krankheiten
Zeitschrift fttr Laryngologie, Rhinologie, Otologie und
ihre Grenzgebiete
Zeitschrift fttr mathematische Logik und Grundlagen
der Mathematik
Zeitschrift fttr Phonetik und allgemeine Sprachwissenschaft
Zeitschrift fttr Slawistik
Zeitschrift fttr Tropenmedizin und Parasitologic
Zeitschrift fttr Urologie
Zeitschrift fttr wissenschaftliche Mikroskopie und
mikroskopische Technik APPENDIX D
CIRCULATION STATISTICS—September 1955 - August 1956
Loan Desk
Book Room
Fine Arts
,0   QfK*
—! j y ■—s
Extension Library
Interlibrary Loan Statistics
Volumes borrowed 509
Volumes loaned 895
1954/55  1953/54
727.     734
1,049     896 APPENDIX E
Harlow, Neal
Rothstein, Samuel
Fugler, Ethel
Brigden, Mrs. Roberta
University Librarian
Assistant University
Clerk I
Aug., 1951-
Septi, 1947-
June, 1947-
Aug., 1955-
Smith, Anne M,
Assistant Librarian and
Head of Reference
, 1930
O'Rourke, Joan
Librarian III
Librarian II
Taylor, Doreen
Librarian II
Clayton, Anne
Librarian I
Knowles, Dorothy
Librarian I
Mackenzie, Janet
Librarian I
Owens, No81
Librarian I
Brown, Mrs. Rosemary
Library Assistant
Jory, Mrs. Ada
Library Assistant
Skinner, Valerie
Stenographer II
Handkamer, Merle
Fraser, Doreen
Bio-Medical Librarian
Riches, Eleanor
Library Assistant
Timberley, Darien
Library Assistant
Alldritt, Marjorie
Jefferd, Dorothy
Stuart-Stubbs, Basil
Dobbin, Geraldine
Turner, George
Giuriato, Mrs. Lydia
Weinberg, Mrs. Florence
Browne, Anne
Cobb, Carol
Hellawell, Mrs. Anne
O'Shay, Maureen
Robinson, Doris
Librarian II
Librarian II
Librarian I
Librarian I
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
, 1951-
, 1915-
, 1956-
, 1956-
, 1950-
, 1956-
, 1956-
, 1956-
Appendix E (Cont.)
Lanning, Mabel M.
Bell, Inglis
Blakstad, Mrs. Mary
Hall, Carol
Tucker, Mrs. Frances
Imeson, George
Brooke, Patricia
Cochrane, Verna
Niall, Margaret
Peterson, Denise
Ramsey, Lois
Rolfe, Dorothy
Librarian III
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Stackroom Attendant
., 1926-
., 1954
., 1954-
., 1955-
, 1Q56-
, 1956-
, 1956-
, 1956-
., 1944
Mercer, Eleanor B.
Oct., 193$-
Scott, Priscilla
Librarian I
July, 1953-
Newton, Mrs. Catherine
Library Assistant
Oct., 1955-
Sephton, Richard
Library Assistant
Aug., 1956-
Howell, Mrs. Nancy
Clerk III
Sept., 1954
Bchatger, Hermine
Clerk I
Aug., 1952-
Forsythe, Mrs. Yvonne
Clerk I
July, 1948-
Mabee, Mrs. Patricia
Clerk I
May, 1956-
Spence, Joyce
Clerk I
Sept., 1952
Lanning, Roland J.
Rutherford, Alice
Brooks,- Mrs. Kathleen
Bearing, Enid
Katarinich, Serge
Lougheed, Joan
Murphy, Mrs. Colleen
Stoochnoff, Violet
Fryer,- Percy
Colmer, James
Brewer, Mrs. Elizabeth
Lynch, Mrs. Isobel
Fryer, Percy Jr.
Librarian III
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Clerk I
, 1926
, 1955'
, 1952-
Stewart, Edith
Brackett, Mrs. Norene
Extension Librarian
Stenographer II
Sept., 1951- Appendix E (Cont.)
RESIGNATIONS DURING PERIOD 1 Sept., 1955 - 31 Aug., 1956
Cunningham, Margaret
Russell, Phyllis
Shanahan, Claire
Adams, Audrey
Fischer, Mrs. Gretl
Kirk, Mrs. Margaret
Klassen, Herbert
Weinberg, Mrs. Florence
Timmer, Maria
Stein, Mrs. Palma
Ford, Mrs. Marguerite
Barnes, Mrs. Margaret
Pritchard, Mrs. Muriel
Librarian I
Librarian I
Librarian I
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Stenographer II
Librarian I
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Oct.1955-May 1956
May-June 1956
Nov.l955-June 1956
May 1955-May 1956
March-May 1956
Oct,1952-July 1956
Oct.l951-May 1956
More, J
, Patricia
Mrs. Patricia
Mrs. Isabel
Mrs. Janet
, Lucille
, Mrs. Wilma
Mrs. Sheila
Librarian I
Librarian I
Librarian I
Librarian I
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
July 1952
May 1955-
June  1956
-July 1956
Macdonald,  Nancy
Neale,   Robert
Babcock,  Ellen
Kew,   Mrs.   Delia
Tankard,   Patricia
Garm,   Mrs.   Patricia
MacLennan,   Mrs.   Nancy
Wood,   Patricia
Library Assistant
Stackroom Attendant
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Junior  Clerk
Junior Clerk
Junior Clerk
Oct.1954-Sept .1955
Sent.1945-June  1956
Oct.l955-June  1956
May 1952-Sept,1955
May 1954-June 1956 Appendix E (Cont.)
Choma, Anne
Ketter, Annemarie
Frajkor, George
Greenwood, Mrs. Sylvia
Houston, Mrs. Ida
Hutchinson, Mrs. Helen
MacKay, Gordon
Regan, Mrs. Joan
Tankard, Patricia
Veerman, Mrs. Marthe
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Jan.-June 1956
Mar.-May 1956
June 1955-May 1956
July-Sept. 1955
May 1955-Mar.1956
May 1955-Mar.l956
Bailey, Freda
Isman, Erla
Library Assistant
Stenographer I
May-Oct.1955 APPENDIX F
Professional Activities
The University Library Staff
ALLDRITT, Marjorie.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Chairman, Personnel
Relations Committee); P.N.L.A.; C.L.A,  Attended: B.C.L.A.
BELL, Inglis I.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Automatic Membership Committee; Special Activities Committee); C.L.A. (Membership
Committee); University of Toronto Library School Alumni
Association (President).  Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference;
Conference on B.C. Writing "[Magazine Committee).
Lectures and Papers: twenty lectures to U.B.C students on
the bibliography of English literature: radio broadcast on
Canadian literature. Publications: "Reference Books in
English Literature" (U.B.C, 1956~~edition; mimeographed).
DOBBIN, Geraldine F.  Member: C.L.A.
DWYER, Melva J.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Membership Committee);
P.N.L.A.; C.L.A.  Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference; P.N.L.A.
Conference.  Lectures and Papers: "The Music Collection of
the University Library" ("Registered Music Teachers Association of B.C. Conference); fourteen lectures to English 100
classes; five lectures to Architecture students.
FRASER, M. Doreen E.  Member: U.B.C. Faculty of Medicine Library
Committee (Secretary) ; U.B.C President's Bio-Medical
Branch Library Committee (Secretary); B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.;
Medical Library Association (Committee on Standards;
President, Northwest Regional Group); P.N.L.A. (Secretary-
Treasurer, Special Services Division).  Attended:
Medical Library Association Conference.  Lectures and
Papers: lectures to students in medicine, pharmacy, and
nursing.  In charge of reclassification of Anglican Theological College Library; survey of the Vancouver Medical
Association Library (report in press).
HARLOW, Neal.  Member: A.L.A. (Council; Chairman, A.L.A.-C.L.A.
Liaison Committee; Committee on Multiple Copying Methods);
C.L.A. (Council; Research Section Council; Microfilm
Committee); B.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A. (Chairman, Board of
Managers, Pacific Northwest Bibliographical Center);
Bibliographical Society of Canada (Council); Bibliographical Society of America; B.C. Department of Education Certification Board for Professional Librarians; Vancouver
Community Arts Council (Board of Directors); Vancouver
Institute (President); Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation
(Secretary, Projects Committee); member of many University
Committees. Appendix F (Cont.)
HARLOW, Neal (Cont.)
Attended: C.L.A. Conference; A.L.A. Midwinter Conference;
P.N.L.A. Conference; B.C.L.A. Conference.  Lectures and
Papers: "Academic Library Finance" (C.L.A. Conference);
"Library-Faculty Relations" (P.N.L.A. Conference).
Publications: "The Well-Tempered Bibliographer" (Biblio-
graphical Society of America Papers, 50:28-39, 1st Quarter,
1956); "Managing Manuscript Collections" (Library Trends,
4:203-12, October, 1955); "Documentation and the Librarian"
(Library Journal, 81:1083-85, May 1, 1956).
JEFFERD, Dorothy.  Member: B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
LANNING, Mabel-M.  Member: B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
LANNING, Roland J.  Member: B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference.
MERCER, Eleanor B.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Chairman, Centennial
Committee; Council llofT Special Committee on Professional
Organizations); C.L.A. (Budget and Finance Committee;
Nominations Committee); P.N.L.A.; Bibliographical Society
of Canada.  Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference.
O'ROURKE, Joan.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Nominations Committee;
Membership Committee; Treasurer); P.N.L.A.  Attended:
B.C.L.A. Conference; P.N.L.A. Conference.  Lectures and
Papers: twenty-three lectures to classes in English 100.
OWENS, Noel Arthur Scott.  Member: B.C.L.A. (Bursary-Loan
Committee); C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.  Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference,
ROTHSTEIN, Samuel.  Member: University Archives Committee (Chairman); University Committee on Automation (Secretary);
University Committee on Medieval and Renaissance Studies;
University Convocation Founders' History Committee; University Convocation Executive Council; College of Education
Committee on Curriculum Laboratory; B.C.L.A. (Chairman,
Recruiting Committee; Special Activities Committee);
C.L.A. (Chairman, Library Education Committee; Councillor,
Cataloguing Section; Councillor, University Salaries Committee); A.L.A.; B.C. Public Library Commission's Committee
on Library Education (Secretary).  Attended: A.L.A. Midwinter Conference; B.C.L.A. Conference.  Lectures and
Papers: "Canadian University Libraries" (Pacific Northwest
College Librarians Conference); McGill University Library
School; Library Career Day Conference, U.B.C; High School
Counsellors Meeting, U.B.C; Jewish Community Centre.
Publications: "Canadian library schools and accreditation—
a pressing problem" (Canadian Library Association Bulletin,
12:186-8$, April, 19567^ RUTHERFORD, Alice,
SCOTT, Priscilla
Appendix F (Cont.)
Member: P.N.L.A.  Attended: B.C.L.A. Con-
Member: B.C.L.A. (Chairman, Public Relations
Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference.
SMITH, Anne M. Member:
Committee); C.L.A.
Councillor, Nominat
Librarians Committe
Committee); P.N.L.A
P.N.L.A. Conference
Papers: twenty-six
to classes in Soils
Seminar, Electrical
graphical guides fo
Engineering (mimeog
B.C.L.A. (Chairman, Special Activities
(Vice-chairman, Reference Section;
ing Committee; Chairman, Exchange of
e); A.L.A.; (International Relations
Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference;
; C.L.A. Conference.  Lectures and
lectures to English 100 classes!" lectures
Seminar, Agriculture 100, Education
Engineering.  Publications: biblio-
r students in Agriculture and Electrical
raphe d) .
STEWART, Edith.  Member: B.C.L.A.
STUART-STUBBS, Basil.  Member: C.L.A.; A.L.A. (Membership Committee); Quebec Library Association (Counsellor).  Lectures
and Papers: two lectures to McGill University Library
School classes.
TURNER, George Godfrey.
Columbia; C.L.A.; Beta
Member: Law Society of British
Phi Mu (Library Science Honorary
(Membership Committee);
Conference; P.N.L.A. Con-
TAYLOR, Doreen.  Member: B.C.L.A.
P.N.L.A.  Attended: B.C.L.A.
ference.  Lectures and Papers: eleven lectures to classes
in English 100.  Publications: bibliographical guide
for students in Geography (mimeographed). APPENDIX G
Arts and Science
Applied Science
Graduate Studies
Library Committee
(Dr. I. McT. Cowan (Chairman
(Dr. H. B. Hawthorn
(Dr. M. F. McGregor
Dr. G. V. Parkinson
Dr. W, J. Anderson
Dr. C D. Kennedy
Mr. F. A. Morrison
Dr. K. C. McTaggart
Dr. S. M. Friedman
Dean G. S. Allen
(Dr. B. A. Dune 11
(Mr. G. L. Hall
(Dr. A. D. Moore
(Chancellor Sherwood Lett
(President N. A. M. MacKenzie
(Dean G. C. Andrew
(Mr. Neal Harlow (Vice-Chairman)
Mr. C. B. Wood
Terms of reference:
The Library Committee shall advise and assist the
Librarian in:
Formulating a library policy in relation to the
development of resources for instruction and research
Advising in the allocation of book funds to the
fields of instruction and research.
Developing a general program of library service for
all the interests of the University.
Keeping the Librarian informed concerning the library
needs of instructional and research staffs, and
assisting the Librarian in interpreting the Library
to the University. APPENDIX H
The Friends of the Library
of the University of British Columbia
To develop the library resources of the University of
British Columbia and to provide opportunity for persons
interested in the Library, and for its benefactors, to
express their interests more effectively.
The following persons are members of the Council of the
Friends of the Library:
Kenneth Caple
W. Kaye Lamb
Luther Evans
Leslie Dunlap
Lester McLennan
Willard E. Ireland
N. A. M. MacKenzie
. Geoffrey Andrev;
Arthur Sager
Ian McT. Cowan
. Gordon Shrum
F. H. Soward
S. N. F. Chant
Neal Harlow (Secretary)
Samuel Rothstein
E. S. Robinson
The Council will be the governing body of the organization.
The executive of the Council will consist of a President,
Vice-President, Secretary-Treasurer, and the President
of the University.
The membership fee will be five dollars and upward a year,
the funds to be used for the purchase of Library materials
Special meetings and publications for the group will be
provided, and reports upon needs and accomplishments.
Other will be determined by the advice of the
Wallace Wilson
Ethel Wilson
Dr. '
Leon J. Ladner
Aubrey Roberts
Ethlyn Traop
H. R. MacMillan
Mr. '
Harold Foley
Dr :
. Mr. Justice J.
Reginald Tupper
. Frank Ross
A. E. Grauer
Walter Koerner
. Mr. Justice J.
. E. T. Rogers
General Sir Ouvry Roberts
Leon Koerner
Mr. .


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