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Report of the University Librarian to the Senate 1955-11

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40TH    YEAR    «    SEPTEMBER    1954    TO    AUGUST    1955    -   VANCOUVER    '    NOVEMBER    1955
THE    UNIVERSITY    OF    BRITISH    COLUMBIA The University of British Columbia
The Report
of the University Librarian
to the Senate
Fortieth Year
September 1954 to August 1955
November 1955 Contents
Introduction: Canadian University
Libraries . ,   1
The Year Behind .....................  4
State of the Collections    6
JL t* JM SOllilG JL.       ••t>«o*a»«fto*«*afta*a    (>•>•••»*• ^
Salaries    10
Graduate School of Librarianship .... 12
The Library of the University ....... 13
New Library Services  13
The Senate Library Committee  14
Library Building   15
Order of Library Friends  16
Report of Library Divisions   17
Acquisitions Division  17
Cataloging Division  1$
Loan Division  19
Reference Division   20
Serials Division   21
Biomedical Library  22
Extension Library  23
Acknowledgements  24
A. (1) Expenditures for Books,
Periodicals, and Binding.
(2) Volumes added to the
B. Selected List of Notable
Acquisitions: (1) Books,
(2) Serials.
C. New Periodical Titles received.
D. Loan and Interlibrary Loan
E. Library Staff as of August 31, 1955
F. Professional Activities of LIb'rarv
G. Senate Library Committee. Report of the University Librarian to the Senate
;'THE TWENTIETH CENTURY belongs to Canada, '•' said Sir Wilfrid
Laurier, and the subsequent development of the Canadian
economy seems about to justify this confident prediction.
If this were a report upon finance, trade, and manufactures,
it could be said that in 1955 Canada had advanced at a record
Workers' earnings and national income rose sharply;
income from investment was running ahead; consumers were
buying more; government expenditures were expanding; the
amount of residential construction was up; foreign trade
had increased; Canadians were salting away more money.
And for three and a half years, the Canadian dollar has
been on a higher peg than its UM S. counterpart.
But this is the report of a university librarian who is
much more aware of how the years have dealt with university
libraries.  The boom has not yet penetrated this far into the
national core.  Although two dozen other libraries on the
continent have passed the million-volume mark, no university
library in Canada has done so. Only two in the English speaking sector have gone beyond the half-million point, and. behind
them the other collections trail off rather rapidly toward the
inconsequential.  The total library holdings of the ten chief
English speaking universities are under three million volumes,
perhaps not more than half that many individual titles.  Funds
to develop the collections are also limited, so that meager
libraries are being meagerly supported.  During 1953/54 the 2
ten libraries spent under $475,000 upon all their collections,
and less than $1,500,000 for all library purposes.
Institutions in Britain and the United States comparable
to Canada's in size and function can call upon a host of great
research libraries for assistance, and they have tailored
their collections with these rich resources in view. Not so
in Canada, where such libraries do not exist, none coming
within the top thirty-five on the continent.  To make the comparison more emphatic, there are some university libraries in
the United States which spend more on a single campus than do
all ten Canadian universities together, and there are several
whose volume holdings exceed the ten-library figure.
Size itself is no stable mark of distinction, but no university library can get along without it--so broad is a
university's scope of interest that virtually all knowledge,
in varying degrees of comprehensiveness, must come within its
grasp. The caliber of the faculty, the expansion of instruction, the promotion of graduate studies, and the development
of research are all tied to the adequacy of the library
collections.  This, not the number of students, the multiplication of Faculties and Schools, nor the erection of needed
new buildings, will determine the character of the University.
The Library of the University of British Columbia, with
304,000 volumes, ranks third among English language universities in Canada. We are becoming adequate in some fields
(in aspects of the sciences), but to consider Asian Studies,
a Mediaeval and Renaissance program, Education, Music, Fine
Arts, Dentistry, and a varied list of other current proposals
without repairing and developing relevant areas of the University Library is to move toward a mirage. A great library
is not a great university, but it will lead to one, which a
mediocre library never will.
Canadians cannot skimp in the matter of university libraries
and not fall short of their national aspirations. Only a
beginning has been made, and greatly increased amounts of
public and private funds must be expended to develop this 3
essential national resource.
Precept can be bolstered by example. Within the last few
years a number of fine subject collections have been created
at the University by the seemingly magical means of applying
liberal grants to these special purposes. Notably in Medicine,
Law, Slavonic Studies, Forestry, and French-Canadian Studies
have such miracles of growth occurred, with promising but less
thorough developments taking place in Anthropology, Asian
Studies, and Fisheries.  These library expansions, making
possible similar extensions in University instruction and
research, have come about by a combination of University and
private grants exceeding two hundred thousand dollars in value.
Supported by library facilities, the University Faculties
of Law and Medicine have been established and brought to high
standing; the Faculty of Forestry offers work leading to the
Ph.D.; in Slavonic Studies the language, literature, history,
and economy of the Slavic peoples are under study on the campus
for the first time (to the master's level); French-Canadian
Studies has added a new culture to the departments concerned
with Canadian language and history (work to the master's
degree); and Anthropology, Asian Studies, and Fisheries provide
facilities for graduate work and research.
Funds from the University budget, from local and Provincial
medical bodies, from the Rockefeller Foundation and Carnegie
Corporation, from Dr. H. R. MacMillan, Mr. Walter C. Koerner,
Mr. Leon J. Koerner, the B. C. Packers, the University Development Fund, and other sources have brought to pass what would
otherwise have been the impossible. Without these library
grants, none of the programs mentioned above would now be in
At the risk of seeming repetitious, let it again be
stressed that subsidies to the book fund ranging from a few
thousand dollars to many, continued over a brief period of
years, will have astounding and permanent effects upon the
development of almost any field of University concern. 4
The Year Behind
The University and Library have completed their fortieth year.
In January 1915 the first book was officially received, and
since the University did not open its academic doors until
September 1915, the Library was thus one of its earliest concerns.  This emphasis has probably not often waned, but pioneer
stringency, two wars, a depression, and inflation have had a
sobering influence upon the Library's development. After forty
years the welfare of the Library has a more than ever determining effect upon the nature of the University.
Acquisitions. During the fiscal year 1954/55 ,
|107,143.63 was spent for Books and Periodicals (including
$11,675.35 for current journals) and $22,520.95 for binding, a
total of $129,664.5$ for new acquisitions.  During this time
20,36$ volumes have been added to the collections.  This does
not include increasing amounts of microprint, microcard, and
microfilm, sizeable additions of material in Chinese, Japanese,
and Slavic languages, and many government publications which
have not been processed and counted.  Nor does this exceed
the total number of volumes added last year (20,739), but since
the expenditures for one year are in large part represented in
acquisitions figures for the next, the increments are
important for their cumulative rather than their comparative
value.  The count this year included 10,$6$ new volumes in
journal sets (11,610 in 1953/54), and subscriptions to 202
new periodical titles were placed.  (For tables of statistics,
see Appendix A; lists of notable acquisitions and of new
journal titles appear in Appendices B and C_.)
Of the $129,664.5$ invested in new collections, $73^323.6$
was appropriated directly to the Library budget, $42,oil,25 came
±  Beginning with 1954/55, the financial statement and. report
of acquisitions will follow the fiscal 3^ear (April 1-March 31)
rather than the academic or report year. by other University routes, and $13,729.65 from non-University
sources. Of the total, 33$ went into two special areas
(Medicine and Law), 10$ into several smaller special projects,
and 57$ into some thirty other staple University subject
Library Use.  It was supposed a year ago that increased
access to the bookstacks would encourage the use of books but
reduce the number of volumes actually being borrowed.  This has
not proven to be the case at UBC where during the past four
years the privilege of stack access has been gradually extended
from an elite group of graduate students to include all persons
in the last two years of their undergraduate course.
During 1954/55 there was a 13$ advance in the recorded use
of books over the previous year (5$ at the Loan Desk, 17$-at
Reserve), while University enrollment increased 7$. More unexpected was the trend in the first two months of the new academic
year (September-October 1955) when a sudden rise of 26$ over
the same months a year ago took place.
Supply and demand are perhaps as difficult to relate and
predict in library economy as in any similarly uncontrolled
condition. But it is clear that the greater the resources of
the library, the heavier and more telling their use will be.
Demands arise not only for materials which can be supplied
immediately but for those which are not at hand.  Some requests
can be satisfied through interlibrary loan (727 volumes
borrowed last year, 1,049 lent), but such transactions are
intended to tide a user over an emergency or to meet an unusual
need.  Unless the University's own library assets are assiduously
improved, no economic basis for current operations and growth
will be developed.
British Columbia's geographic position makes self-
sufficiency in library matters more important than in many
other areas.  Although we cooperate bibllographically in the 6
Northwest through the Pacific Northwest Bibliographic Center
(at Seattle) and nationally through the union catalog of the
National Library (Ottawa), we are deprived of the important
fringe benefits available to libraries in more compact cultural
regions.  The convenient Toronto-Montreal-Ottawa-Quebec pattern,
the close relationship of Oxford, Cambridge, and London, the
proximity of New York, Washington, Boston, Princeton and
Baltimore, and the intimate partnership among the campuses of
the University of California: none of these closely cooperative
situations can be repeated here.
The University of Washington, our nearest and most generous
neighbor (from which we borrowed 125 volumes during the year),
is across an international line; and the closest Canadian
collections upon which we can make any considerable call
(McGill University, 13 volumes, University of Toronto, 10) are
situated almost across a continent. It is worth noting that
our third greatest benefactor interlibrary-wise has been the
Library of Congress, Washington, D. C. (36 volumes).  Our
cooperation with the Provincial Library and Archives, in
Victoria, is being improved in order to bring their important
specialized resources into the hands of University users.
State of the Collections. Within the year what is remembered as the "Giant Book Count" took place.  On a Sunday in the
fall of 1954, volunteers from the Library staff actually counted
the books in the University Library (materials on the shelves
and in use), arriving not only at a grand total but providing
figures by broad subject classes.  Some revealing comparisons
can be made.
The count gives rise both to satisfaction and alarm. The
University may legitimately take pride in the figures for
General Works (Class A - 12,550 volumes) and for General
Science (Q - 5,943 v.). These represent principally the holdings of general periodicals and publications of learned
societies and universities.  They are supported by strong
reference and bibliography collections (Z - 12,652 v.) and by
good sets of the major government publications (principally in
S, T, J, and H). Much of this material is the backbone of
research, it goes out of date very slowly, and is almost
impossible to secure in comprehensive lots in the open market.
It constitutes a solid base for future growth and testifies to
the patient and far-sighted work of John Ridington, Miss Anne
Smith, Roland Lanning, and their associates on the Library
staff and campus. Likewise in Medicine and Law the Library makes a good
showing, and even though these fields are not yet a decade
established on the campus, their holdings already number
21,000 and 26,000 volumes respectively.  In only six years
Slavonic Studies has built up one of Canada's distinguished
collections (chiefly in PG and DK - about 6,000 volumes).
Longer in building, the Biological Sciences (QH-QL) comprise
over 10,000 volumes, mostly in periodicals; and Agriculture (S),
with nearly 14,000 volumes, is like the other sciences strong
in journals and government sets. The Howay-Reid Collection of
Canadiana, of over 10,000 volumes, has long been known for its
important holdings of Canadian history and literature.
In contrast to these figures we may place those representing collections which have been almost wholly dependent upon
regularly budgeted book funds. The vast field of Teutonic
literatures (PT) commands only 2,771 volumes. English and
French Languages and Literature, to which a good share of
attention has been paid at various times over a period of years,
have collections of about 15,000 and 6,500 volumes (not including long runs of general periodicals); these are better
representations although still disturbingly small when compared
with the much greater holdings in institutions smaller than our
own. The Social Sciences are, again, impressive in government
publications and general periodical sets (H-HJ - l6,7$7 volumes;
J - 12,4$0 volumes, excluding the Lax-; Library), but specific
classifications such as that for British History (DA - surprisingly, under 4,000 volumes), Geography and Anthropology
(G - 3,077), Sociology-Social Work (HM-HX - 4,394), and
Education (L - 7,600 volumes, of which half are useful serial
sets, the other outdated undergraduate texts) mark these
resources as too limited for specialized work in many areas.
One must be cautious not to make conclusions upon the
basis of mere numbers of physical volumes, but it is true that
(1) the Library has a substantial, well selected basic research
collection, founded upon journal sets and government publications, (2) is particularly strong in the physical sciences,
and (3) lacks resources in most fields of the humanities and
social sciences for serious specialized study.
In this situation vie  must, by faculty-library cooperation,
develop the collections in a wide range of subject fields by
a stepped-up program of steady acquisitions and, whenever
possible, by the purchase of collections en bloc. $
Book Funds
An increase of $11,150 was made in the funds for Books and
Periodicals in. 1954/55 over the preceding fiscal year. Of
this amount, 32$ was added to allocations in subject fields
as represented by University departments, 20$ to periodicals
and annuals, 1$$ to taxes and shipping costs, 16$ to the
Librarian's general fund, and 14$ to research collections.
The significance of this annual increment in relation to the
development of the Library and of the University can hardly
be overemphasized.
The necessity to develop the library resources of the
University, and the direct and immediate bearing which book
funds have upon University teaching and research have already
been commented upon in preceding paragraphs.  If the entire
increase from year to year could be invested in new resources,
these regular increments would be a clear gain, but this is not
the case.
Book prices, and particularly the cost of periodicals,
advance steadily. Since 1949, the price of American scientific
journals has increased 3$.$$ (15$ between.193$ and 1949), and
of German publications not less than 31$^  • And not only have
we been faced with the necessity to provide material for new
fields and new faculty and to support greater emphasis in existing subject areas, but thousands of new journal titles have
appeared. Between 1922 and 1950, based upon listings in two
editions of the World List of Scientific Periodicals alone, an
average of 900 new scientific journals a year have been
published, many of which are essential even to a small college
library^2). if the practice of charging university libraries
much higher subscription rates than individuals continues to
spread, the effect upon book budgets will be very alarming
During 1954/55 there were 202 new journals added to the
subscription list, and, at the time of writing, requests for
more than one hundred additional titles are in the backlog.
(1) Association of Research Libraries. Report of_the Serials
Committee, July 3, 1955, p. 2, 6.
T2TTW7! p. 3. 9
Many hundreds of requisitions for books, and letters supporting the acquisition of back files of journals, are always on
hand.  To all of these must be added the outstanding needs of
new, imminent, and prospective programs such as Asian Studies,
Mediaeval and Renaissance Studies, Education, Music, Italian
Language and Literature, Fine Arts, and Dentistry.
For the coming year additional needs should be provided
for in the book budget in amounts as follows:
For Periodicals, Annuals, etc. $3,500
Departmental allocations 3,100
Research collections 3,250
Librarian's general fund 1,500
Reference works (government
publications) 700
Multlnle copies 500
S.S. and M.A. taxes ___ _$00
An increase of not less than ly~T,35~0~
To cultivate the use and growth of the University Library
requires a staff of manifold capabilities: clerk, technician,
bibliographer, teacher, public servant, linguist, administrator,
and subject specialists in the literature of an endless
diversity of fields. What wonder, therefore, if problems of
personnel are often paramount?
Among the non-professional staff numerous other factors
affect employment and service.  Salary and working conditions
influence morale and tenure. Many of the younger staff are not
permanent members of the working force or are temporary
residents of the region. Married women, employed because of
their availability and relative maturity, are subject to many
influences which affect their length of service. Both social
mobility and home ties tend to maintain a tenuous relationship
between employee and job.
Professional library staff are subject to these and yet
more specialized conditions. The restricted opportunity for
librarians in Canada to secure truly professional employment
and a chance for advancement does not nurture librarianship as
a serious career.  For an ambitious person in university work,
,emigration is sometimes the only solution.  The scarcity of 10
opportunity to exercise a specialized subject interest often
leads to frustration and dissatisfaction.  Professional staff
have uncertain status in a university community, inhibiting
their means of communication and access to facultv and students
During the report year, 27 persons left the Library
service (of a total of 64), one by retirement, the rest by
resignation.  The average length of service in the Library is
as follows (omitting five long-time professional members
ranging from 17 to 41 years):
Average JJie_anJ_ j. n Months of Service
1954/5.5  1953/J4  1952/53  1951/52
All staff      33     3 5.1    27.5     21
Professional    42     35.9     23      19
Others 2$     34.6     32      23
Average length of service for the professional staff is increasing, but this does not take into account two vacant
positions for which no candidates have been found.  Turnover
of non-professional members is greater than at any time during
the last three years.
After three years spent in bringing starting salaries for
professional librarians up by degrees from $2574 to $2962,
an adjustment was authorized this year in salary increments
above the beginning point. By approving $150 merit increases
in lieu of the $100 steps previously in force, the University
made a long needed improvement in professional scales, a fact
much appreciated by those so benefited.
t  Five vacancies exist in the professional staff at the time
this report is being printed. 11
There still remains, however, too great a disparity
between the salaries of Librarians at the University of British
Columbia and those paid elsewhere on the Pacific Coast; and
between salaries of Librarians and comparable faculty of this
Professional Experience    Salary
in Years, (Median)    (Median)
Librarian I (Junior)        3 $271.00
Librarian II (Senior)       3.5 296.00
Librarian III (Administrative and Special)     $.5 333.50
Librarian IV (Division
Heads) 23 3$3.33
In contrast, the median salary for the lowest rank of teaching
staff, Instructor, is $33$.33; that for Assistant Professor,
$40$.33.  The median for instructor is therefore above that
for the Librarian III, a group having from 6 to 13.5 years of
service and carrying heavy responsibility (for example, as
Head of the Biomedical Library or the Extension Library).
^n all four ranks of Librarian, 16 individuals are below the
median for Instructor, only 5 above.
To make the comparison with other universities:
Minimum Salary
University of British Columbia $2,962
University of Washington 3,300
Universit}?- of Oregon 3,600
Oregon State College 3,600
University of California 3,540
Stanford University 3,540
University of Illinois 3,900
University of Michigan 4,000
Salary schedules commensurate with training, experience,
performance, and year-long service; opportunity to develop in
depth as well as in scope; status commensurate with the academic importance of their role in teaching and research--these
may make the career of academic librarianship attractive to a
sufficient number of competent people. Nov; and then we shall
get better people than we are willing to pay for, but not often. 12
The problems of securing and holding clerical employees
are campus wide and more generally recognized. Parity with
city salary scales and working conditions must be upheld if we
are to maintain the fundamental processes upon which library
services are built.
Graduate, .School of Lib rarian.ship
Plans to establish a graduate School of Librarianship at the
University of British Columbia have been forming for many years.
Reference and bibliographic collections have long been developed
with this use in mind, and the north wing of the library building provides space for this operation. In 1949 and 1950 a
study of the apparent need for a School in western Canada was
made, to supplement existing programs at the universities of
Toronto and McGill. It was then concluded that although the
time was not yet right, such a school, when established, should
be located at this University. Serious thought must again be
given to the realization of this long term plan.
The present proposal need not be reported here in full.
The shortage of professional librarians in Canada does not seem
to relax, and the upsurge of undergraduate registration in the
universities, with a consequent increase in the supply of
graduates becoming eligible for this training, brings the
matter to the fore again. There seems to be little doubt that
within five years an adequate supply of candidates for three
Canadian schools will be available and that a new school,
availing itself of all the recent developments in the fields of
librarianship, documentation, and communication, could be
inaugurated without draining students from existing library
education programs. Needs expressed by the new College of
Education (for the training of school librarians) and by the
British Columbia Library Association, supported by employment
statistics, suggest the need of action within the near future. 13
Ther Libr&ry^£_thQ  University
The ideal library would perhaps be packaged handily in a single
volume or, failing that, stand around the walls of the user's
room.  Such tidy convenience is now hardly possible.  To concentrate the research materials of a single subject ''department"
into a few dozen shelves, or even to segregate them as a
collection distinct from a dozen other fields, is no longer
feasible. Nor is such segregation wholly desirable.
A number of competent studies of the use made of indexes,
journal files, and library collections indicate how integrated
human knowledge has become.  In a university this is true not
only because of the inherent unity of subject matter, but
because in the applied fields a host of academic disciplines
are often brought to bear upon specific problems.
Knowledge may be tapped at any point, and a network of
relationships fans out in many directions. For example,
Chemistry, a major physical science, spreads throughout the
Life Sciences as well.  And the professional schools are
founded upon cross sections of the various theoretical studies.
More and more academic regions are finding themselves without
specific disciplinary boundaries.
The academic compulsions toward centralized library
collections are (for better or for worse) enforced upon this
campus by financial necessity.  A gross duplication of books
and journals and a multiplication of staff would be called for
to maintain a series of self-sufficient research libraries.
Some contribution of time and energy on the part of faculty and
a great deal of willingness and ingenuity on the part of the
Library staff will be needed to supplement existing collections
and funds.
New Library Services. Many specific services are being
offereTTTry" the University Library to improve access to materials
and information, and more are being sought for and developed: 14
Materials are provided for immediate use in reading rooms
of Faculties and Departments (long or short term loan),
A twice-a-day delivery service for faculty between the
Library and reading rooms is proposed in the 1956/57 budget.
The research collections are being energetically
developed by the use of increased funds and cooperative
faculty-library surveys of needs.
All materials available on the campus are being gradually
listed in the Library's public catalog, and separate catalogs
of departmental collections are being prepared.
Advance notification of the arrival of new books is now
given when material has been received, and a 24-hour cataloging
service is provided whenever requested.
Access to other research collections, through interlibrary
loan, is increasing every year.
Regular announcement of the acquisition of new journal
titles and important reference and research sets is being
An extension of the program of publishing bibliographies
of fundamental materials in special fields is under way, in
cooperation with Departments.
Stack access to students has expanded to the 2,000 mark.
Library hours in the Serials Division and Summer Session
were increased this year.
With the installation of the new section of bookstacks,
now imminent, the following improvements will be made: the
Serials Division will be moved to the 5th level and all public
service for bound and unbound journals will be given at the
main Loan Desk; a central record of all holdings of periodicals
will be available for the first time; the unbound serials will
be accessible on open stack shelves to all persons having
stack privileges; a new bookstack entrance, with adequate
stairway and checking facilities will be installed.
The. Senate Library Committee
This Committee is so fundamental to the welfare of the Librar}^
that it is provided for in the University Act, Although the
authors of the Act could not foresee how complex the operation
of the Library would become, their initial concern that the
Library have direct faculty support was full of understanding.
The Committee is elected from the Faculties, but it represents
the library interests of the University. 15
In fulfilment of its responsibilities the Committee met
three times during the report year.  Funds were allocated to
subject fields Departments, and the Committee
Fund was judiciously spent upon research materials.  A communication was addressed to the Senate supporting the
Librarian's annual report on operations and needs, emphasizing
particularly the acute problem of securing adequate book funds.
The Librarian was also directed to report personally to
faculty at the January Faculty meetings.  Such policy matters
were discussed as bookstack control and the extension of access
privileges, the provision of library service to contributing
groups outside the University (the Architectural Institute of
British Columbia), and the development of the research
collections by close alliance of the Committee, Library staff,
and faculty.
Dr. Gilbert Tucker, Chairman of the Library Committee
and unwavering exponent of scholarship and the research
library, died in May 1955.  His own interest in the culture of
French Canada inaugurated a program of studies in this field
which was supported by grants from the Carnegie Corporation.
The very considerable collections of French-Canadiana, and such
fundamental materials as the microprint edition of the
Sessional Papers of Great Britain, are lasting evidence of his
eagerness to develop research facilities in the humanities and
social sciences.
Library Building
The Library building of 1925, much extended in 194$ to house
books, readers, and staff, is again becoming crowded.  Earlier
planners wisely provided book storage space in excess of
contemporary needs, and only the installation of steel
shelving is required in existing building space.  Plans for
this addition are now under way, but needed facilities for
readers, staff, and services are far more pressing than could
have been anticipated a decade ago.
Reading room space is occupied at near capacity throughout
the academic year, and readers spread out over the stairways
and halls at peak periods.  Increased enrollment, new schools,
and additional sei^vices will soon demand more facilities than
the present building can provide.  The inability to include a
Library South Wing in the present ten million dollar construction program well illustrates how serious the need for University buildings continues to be. 16
To establish the existence of dire need is an expensive
form of proof which we devoutly hope to avoid.  Unofficial plans
for the south addition to the building are therefore kept
constantly revised and in hand, ready to be whipped out at the
slightest importunity.
Order, of, Library Friends
An "order" is a bod}^ of persons united by some common bond.
It is also an honor or dignity which may be conferred for cause.
And it is a class or category to which an individual belongs.
Within the range of all these attributes the Order of Friends
of the University Library can take shape and meaning.
Library Friends are those who recognize the fundamental
relationship of the Library to the University.  The development
of library facilities increases opportunities for teaching and
research, improves the status of the University, and reflects
honor upon the -individual and the institution. Library Friends
(like sportsmen, music lovers, playgoers) are a distinctive
class, appreciative of the importance of books in general or in
some special context.
For forty years, friends of the Library have come, and very
likely gone, without special recognition. For quite a number
of years a plan to form a group of them for purposes of
acknowledgement and communication has hovered just short of
realization.  A beginning will now be made, a roster of members
opened, and order finally created out of good intentions.
"At forty," with the University on the verge of a great period
of expansion, the Library needs more truly than ever before the
support which friends can give. Report of Library Divisions
The University Library is a fundamental source of academic
power, transmitting energy to every section of the campus.
Its Divisions must operate in effective coordination if a
continuing flow of library service is to be maintained.
Acquisi.tjLoris JDivision
The Acquisitions Division is the chief source of intake for
the Library system.  Its work is a complex mixture of business
and bibliography.
Since every book received must be the volume ordered (no
substitutes are accepted, and few are duplicated), every item
calls for the closest individual attention. let with thousands
of annual transactions, involving a variety of operations, the
maximum use must be made of mass production methods.
The number of orders placed during the year totalled 9,02$,
and the individual book titles received amounted to 9,500
volumes (not counting 10,$6$ of periodicals).  The load of
verifying and checking was much heavier than this, since
thousands of volumes requested proved to be already in the
collection. An increasing percentage of the materials requested
are already available on the Library shelves (e.g., only about
10$ of French-Canadian items checked in book catalogs are
finally ordered), so that work in the Division increases more
rapidly than the increase in book funds and volumes received
would suggest.
Streamlining and simplifying operations continued during
the year.  The introduction of a multi-part form reduced a
dozen typing operations to one, making for large savings in
staff time and' greater accuracy and speed in processing.
The traditional "accessioning" of books and periodicals was
discontinued.  The use of slips for budget control over a
hundred different accounts, in lieu of hand posting, was introduced, as was a more effective method of transmitting invoices
for payment.
The loss of experienced staff members was nevertheless a
severe handicap. Miss Evelyn Hearsey retired after thirty-two
years of service, during which time Acquisitions work developed 1$
as a function separate from the Librarian's office and grev; to
its present proportions. Mr. Reginald Hennessey left to take
a more attractive professional position at the University of
Kansas, and by shortly after the end of the report }rear all but
two of a staff of ten had taken off for various destinations.
The new processing system was sorely taxed by rapid changes in
personnel, and serious backlogs developed. Under the steady
leadership of Miss Eleanor Mercer, Head of the Division, these
have since disappeared, and there is good promise of rapid and
efficient handling of materials at this initial service stage.
Cataloging Division
The Cataloging Division assimilates the steady inflow of library
materials by orienting them within subject classifications,
providing a means of approach through the public catalog, and
keeping a definitive record of Library holdings.
The year's record was 27,797 volumes handled, 1,426 below
the previous year, but comprising a greater advance because
including more new material.  As a result there was a 1,553
volume reduction in the uncataloged backlog, leaving 2,$32
volumes in some preliminary processing stage.  This overlooks
some material in Slavic and Oriental languages which will
require special attention.
The cataloging of the Biomedical Branch collection at the
Vancouver General Hospital was completed, and last year's major
project to re-catalog the medical collections of the Library was
almost brought to a close. A beginning was made in cataloging
departmental collections on the campus, to bring all books into
the main public catalog.  A service of advance notification and
"rush" cataloging for members of faculty was successfully introduced and maintained; persons signing book requisitions now
receive notices of receipt shortly after the books have arrived
on the campus, and they may have them fully processed upon
request within a 24-hour period.
Here, as in most other Library divisions, staff shortages
exist, Mr. Peter Steckl having accepted a better position in the
National Research Council Library, and two other professional
catalogers having left the service.  The two unfilled positions,
overcrowded conditions, and the need to employ persons with
knowledge of special languages (particularly Chinese and
Japanese) pose difficult problems for the coming year.
Miss Marjorie Alldritt, in her second year as Division Head, and
a hard-working staff may be credited, meanwhile, with very substantial achievements during 1954/55. 19
Loan Division
To provide continuing access to a collection of several hundred
thousand volumes is the principal responsibility of the Loan
Division,  Of these, thousands are in steady use, all are in
potential demand, and, being directly available to a large part
of the University public, are difficult to handle.
To lend, secure again, keep records, supervise the book-
stacks and reading rooms, maintain the integrity of the collections and the uninhibited flow of library materials are details
with which the staff must be concerned.  And this Division,
perhaps more than any  other, must be endowed with infinite
patience and precision.
The record of materials loaned is as follows (see also
data in Appendix D):
1       19,53/54   1952/53
Loan Desk
Reserve Book Room
$2 ' '
201,526   17$,6$4   157,911
The considerable increase in recorded use of material
occurred in spite of last year's supposition that loans would
decline with the extension of stack privileges to undergraduates,
Almost two thousand students now have direct access to the main
book collection, and this has required closer control at the
stack portal and more work in maintaining the order of material
on the shelves.
The annual inventory showed a small increase in losses,
compared with last year, 464 from the main collection and 202
from other reading rooms (compare.425 and 125); 75 volumes were
returned before the end of August 1955, reducing the number from
666 to 579.  This is not a heavy loss percentage-wise, but
represents a very real cost and inconvenience to the University,
and additional precautions will be taken during the coming year.
A number of improvements have been made in Loan Desk and
stack control arrangements, simplifications were adopted in loan
records and in fines billing procedures, and Summer Session
hours were extended from two to four evenings a week.  Overcrowding is taking place in many sections of the bookstacks, and
long sets are being withdrawn to make way for new additions;
such temporizing will continue until the proposed bookstack
Lnst-a 11 atdon is completed. 20
Changes in personnel have been extensive, but the transfer
of Mr. Inglis Bell to the Loan Division filled a long-term
vacancy in the professional staff and gave needed assistance to
the Head of the Division. Miss Mabel Lanning, Head, and
Mr. Bell have much improved Division operations, and they and
the staff have successfully coped with the year's heavier
service with only a minimum of extra student assistance.
Reference Division
As the Loan Division provides access to the physical book, so
the Reference staff offers assistance in the yet more difficult
search for information. The range of services is probably
unsurpassed by any other university in Canada.
The Division provided very direct assistance to the campus
and community (answering 17,9$4 questions, of which 7,921 were
by telephone, over half the calls being from off campus).  They
instructed all freshmen in Library use and lectured in bibliography and subject literature to many groups (in Agriculture,
Architecture, Chemical Engineering, English, Forestry, Medicine,
Pharmacy, Nursing).  Specialized reference assistance was
offered both in the Fine Arts (Miss Melva Dwyer in charge)
and the Howay-Reid collections (Mr. NoSl Owens, Miss Dorothy
Knowles),  The Division operated the interlibrary loan service
(727 volumes borrowed, 1,049 loaned, compared with 734 and $96
in 1953/54); acquired government publications in large numbers
and made them accessible (33,7$2 items received in regular
series); maintained the map collection (1,608 maps added, this
work under Miss Doreen Taylor); supervised the collections and
use of microreproductions; and mounted a variety of displays
designed to encourage the use of books and the Library,
A variety of bibliographical lists and guides (in Economics, Agricultural Economics, Commerce, English, German, and
Architecture) and a reading list of "pocket books," prepared
jointly with the English Department for teachers of English 91,
were issued during the year. Also the annual "Publications of
Faculty and Staff" was compiled and published jointly with the
University Editorial Committee.
Changing staff and the shortage of professional librarians
continued to plague the Division; as the 3/ear ended, three
vacancies in the professional staff existed. Reference work
requires special training and years of actual experience, and
although Library Assistants have been employed to meet
schedules at the public desks, good service cannot be maintained
without a full complement of experienced professional staff. 21
It is satisfying to report that the years of instruction
to freshman students are paying noticeable dividends in the
effective use they make of catalogs and indexes.  This progress,
the steady growth of the reference collections, and the
increasing familiarity of the staff with the rich resources in
government publications are cause for encouragement. Miss Anne
M. Smith, back from,a year of teaching at the Japan Library
School, is a recognized leader in the Reference field, avid
both in acquiring resources and in developing their use. She,
Miss Joan O'Rourke, and a staff toughened and sharpened under
a steady service load, operate a Reference department which is
second to none in the country.
Serials Division
The Serials Division marshals that vast array of publications
which is characteristically continuing,
A subscription today is also a charge against tomorrow,
and more than likely will.require an investment in the past.
Securing, maintaining, completing, and extending the files
of thousands of specialized journals in which a large proportion of scientific and scholarly research is being recorded
is one of the fundamental responsibilities of the Library and
University. How successfully this is being done is shown by
the Library's strength in periodical material as revealed in
the "Giant Book Count" referred to above (page 6).
The list of journals currently received now numbers 4,007,
including 202 new titles added during the year (for list of new
titles, see Appendix C). Many fine back files were secured
during the year, the major additions being in Medicine, Slavonic
Studies, and Linguistics (see Appendix B, Part 2). A number of
faculty members continued to contribute current issues, and
several Departments provided back files of journals for the
research collections.
Another evening was added to the Division's weekly
schedule, and a card file of journal titles arranged under
subject divisions was completed and put to steady use. Loans
of periodical issues amounted to 15,901 (16,30$ in the previous year), and bindery preparations figures reached a new
Space limitations are perhaps the chief handicaps under
which the Division operates. New quarters are planned in
relation to the bookstack expansion already mentioned (page 14),
but the expected change will favor public use more than staff
convenience and efficiency. Satisfactory working requirements
can be realized only with the construction of a new Library
wing. 22
University Library Bindery.  The Bindery continues to be
one of the veTy '""cheering" aspects of Library operations. To get
thousands of issues cased in permanent and attractive volumes
is satisfying in itself. To have it done with regularity and
precision, with sufficient flexibility to accommodate emergency
conditions, and to have production increase regularly is heartening to a high degree.
The output of the Bindery during 1954/55 totalled 9,139
volumes in full buckram and 737 in less expensive but sturdy
service covers, plus other miscellaneous work (compared with
last year's $,$$6 and 95$).  Notable was the removal of 3,076
volumes from what once seemed to be an irreducible backlog.
Many thousand volumes still remain in this category, a good
share of them government publications which cry out for attention.  The demand still exceeds the foreseeable output.
Bindery production is perhaps near its maximum under
existing conditions.  Its chief present limitations are floor
and bench space for operations, and size of staff. Except for
a small adjacent area now assigned for maintenance use,
additions to existing space must await the building program.
The staff of two journeyman binders, an apprentice, and two
journeywomen form an effective combination, but unavoidable
absences can easily produce interruptions and dislocations in
the work flow.
Good management and close cooperation between the Bindery
and Serials Division staff kept production high in spite of
serious illness during the year. Mr. Percy Fryer, Head Binder,
maintains an admirable shop, and his long experience, good will,
and careful direction of a competent and cooperative staff
produce bound books in an assembly line fashion but with a
craftsman's understanding.
Biomedical Library
The Biomedical Library, since its inauguration in September 1950,
has brought to the University a remarkably strong collection of
research materials in the fields of the Biological Sciences and
The Biomedical reading room opened on a part-time basis in
1950, concurrent with the beginning of instruction in the
Faculty of Medicine, and went on a full-time schedule the next
year, with an experienced Biomedical Librarian to develop the
collections and service.  In October 1952, as clinical instruction began in quarters at the Vancouver General Hospital, a
Biomedical Branch Library was also established there, serving 23
not only the University Faculty and students, but all groups
affiliated with the B. C. Medical Centre. The Branch has since
operated as an integral part of the University Library system,
receiving a share of financial support from the Medical Centre
in exchange for service, and contributing jointly with the
University toward the development of essential research
facilities in this field.
From a library of some $,000 volumes in 1951, the
collection in the Medical Sciences alone (excluding Biology,■
Botany, Zoology) had grown to more than 22,000 in August 1955,
the increase comprised very largely of back files of medical
journals.  Of current journals 9$2 titles were being received
(66$ by subscription, 314 by gift), plus 475 others related to
the field provided by general University Library funds.  During
the year 227 new titles were added (93 by subscription), and
substantial back files of 30 journals were secured, with lesser
additions to $5 others.  The introduction of Ph.D. programs in
Anatomy, Pharmacology, and Bacteriology and Immunology in the
fall of 1955 indicates the growing maturity of the collections,
but it is proposed to continue development at the present rate
for a second five year term.
Principal credit for this achievement goes to the Faculty
of Medicine'for substantial financial support, and to cooperating organizations at the B. C. Medical Centre. Many important
research sets have long been provided by the University because
of other related interests on the campus, but without the more
ample backing and funds mentioned the very marked recent development could not have taken place.
While others provided the straw and clay, the work of
building the Biomedical Library was very much the work of the
University Library staff. With the appointment of Miss Doreen
Fraser as Biomedical Librarian in August 1951, a drive to
provide materials and service was begun which has never slackened. Faculty, medical staff, students, administration, and
Library personnel have all been drawn into the development and
service program.  Full acknowledgement is in order to Miss Fraser, Mrs. Marguerite Ford, to the other members of the Biomedical
Library staff, and to a cross section of the University Library
staff for their creative role.
Extension Library
Through the Extension Library, the University of British Columbia shares one of its essential elements—books—with the Province.
Loans from the Extension Library totalled, during 1954/55,
21,794 volumes.  These i\rere made up in part of books and 24
reference materials sent to students registered in University
correspondence courses and to those participating in Extension
Department group and evening courses.  Loans also included a
service to several hundred persons in British Columbia without
access to public libraries, and to theatre groups scattered
about the province which depend unon the Extension Library to
provide (and very often to select) plays for reading and production.
Of a total of $35 registered borrowers, 550 were general
readers, 2$5 theatre groups (64O and 230 in 1953/54).  The loan
figure, 21,794, included 14,679 general books, 5,923 plays,
and 1,192 books for courses (cf. the 1953/54 total of 22,602,
made up of 15,073, 6,6$4, and $45). The slight decrease may
have resulted from the discontinuance for a time of the booklists which were mailed out as Library Supplements to the
Extension Department News Sheet.  The lists have since been
renewed on a bi-monthly schedule.
From Denman Island, Oyama, Revelstoke, Britain River,
Langley Prairie, Whitehorse, and Ocean Falls come glowing
letters of appreciation for "reading enjo3mient," "intellectual
adventures," and "needed stimulus." The Library provides no
"light" reading, and the impact which the University is able to
make through this service cannot be calculated.
Miss Edith Stewart, as Extension Librarian, interprets the
world of books to a self-selected and omnivorous clientele,
and she matches books and people with a sure hand. Mrs. Betty
Armitage, her very able assistant since 1949, left the staff
during the year.
Acknowledgements may be only for the record, to round off the
year with a polite nod, or to soften up the proper people for
the next move.  At times they may be all of these, but if they
do not imply honest obligation, or if they fail to concede a
debt where it exists, they are insincere indeed.  Once a year
this opportunity comes round to bow gratefully and straightforwardly in the direction of those who have been most generous
and substantial in their support of the University Library,
Dr. Samuel Rothstein and Miss Anne M. Smith, Assistant
Librarians, respectively, for Processing and Administration and 25
for Reference and Information Services, have carried a great
deal of the responsibility during the year, and the actual
accomplishments are very much their work and that of the Library
staff. Each staff member will have earned his own particular
share of satisfaction and the University's very sincere thanks.
The President of the University and his staff, individuals
in several campus administrative Departments (particularly in
Personnel, Buildings and Grounds, Purchasing, and Accounting),
the Finance Committee, the Library Committee of Senate, Deans
and many members of the academic staff, and the Board of
Governors have taken an interested and industrious part in
advancing the Library's development to a position well ahead of
any reached before.  The concern of a number of University
friends that these steady gains be extended to even higher
levels of education and research is gratefully recognized and
acknowledged. University effort alone will not be sufficient
to climb the steepening grade ahead.
Neal Harlow
University Librarian Source
Library Budget
Faculty of Medicine
Faculty of Law
Appendix A
(1) Expenditures for Books Periodicals and Binding
(Fiscal'years, April to March)
Books and Periodicals
1953/54    1954/55
$46,5$3.7$ $57,597.03
2$,126.9$  2$,355.06
6,515.46   7,461.$9
10,477.03  13,729.65
1953/54    1954/55
$16,512.55 |15,726.65
5,960.50   5,725.50
951.25   1,
$91,703.25 $107,143.63  $23,424.30 $22,520.95
> 00k s-Periodicals-Binding
$115,127.55   $129,664.5$
(2) Volumes Added to the Collections
1953/54     1954/55
Books       9,129       9,500
Serials    11,610      10,36$
Total nupber n  _^      nn     , .
volume's P 20,739     20,363
Selected List of Notable Acquisitions
Part I: Books
Brauer, August. Die Tiefsee-Fische. 2 v, (Wissenschaftliche
Ergebnisse der Deutschen Tief-See Expedition auf dem
Dampfer "Valdivia" 1$9$-1$99) Jena, 1906-1903.
Caratheodory, Constantin. Gesammelte mathematische Schriften.
Munich, 1954-
Cossio, Manuel Bartolome; and Pijoan y Soteras, Jose.  Summa
artis, historia general del arte. 10 v. Madrid,
194$-  (Otto Koerner Memorial Fund)
Dangeau, Philippe de Courcillon, marquis de.  Journal du marquis
de Dangeau. 19 v. Paris, 1$54-1$60.
Gayangos y Arce, Pascual de.  Plans, elevations, sections and
details of the Alhambra.  2 v.  London, 1342-1845.
Grada za povjest knizevnosti hrvatske. 23 v. Zagreb, 1$97-1952.
(Rockefeller Grant, Slavonic Studies)
Grove, Sir George. Grove's dictionary of music and musicians.
5th ed. 9 v. London, 1954.
Haig-Brown, Roderick Langmere Haig.  Fisherman's winter; and
Mounted Police patrol.  (MSS and galle}^ proofs)
Hakluyt Society. Works.  Set I, Series 1, v. 13, 52, 55, $1;
Series 2, v. 10; Set II, Series 1, v. 53, 62? 69,
(Gift of Dr. H. R. MacMillan, toward completion of set)
Handbuch der Binnenfischerei Mitteleuropas, ed. by Reinhard
Demoll and H. N. Maier.  Stuttgart, 1925-  (Fisheries
Library Fund).
Hautecoeur, Louis. Histoire de 1'architecture classique en
France,  5 v. Paris, Pi card, 1943-
Hegel, Georg Wilhelm Friedrich, Samtliche Werke. Jubilee ed.,
3d ed. 21 v.  Stuttgart, 1955-
Hennepin, Louis.  Voyage o,u nouvelle decouverte d'un tres grand
pays, dans 1'Amerique, entre le Nouveau Mexique et
la Mar Glaciale... Amsterdam, 1704.  (Carnegie grant,
French-Canadian Studies)
Hoffmann, Ernst Theodor Amadeus. S&mtliche Werke. Serapions-
Ausgabe. 14 v. Berlin, 1922.
Holkham Bible picture book, with introduction and commentary by
W. 0, Hassall. London, 1954. Appendix B (Cont.)
Hoops, Johannes, ed. Reallexikon der germanisch Altertumskunde.
4 v. Strassburg, 1911-1919.
Johnson, Samuel, ed. Works of the English poets, with prefaces,
biographical and critical, by Samuel Johnson.
75 v. London, 1790,
Kindermann, Heinz, ed.  Handbuch der Kulturgeschichte.  10 v.
Potsdam 1935-1942
Lafitau, Joseph Frangois. Moeurs des sauvages ameriquains.
2 v. Paris, 1724.  (Carnegie grant, French-
Canadian Studies)
London.  County Council.  The survey of London ... survey of
the memorials of Greater London.  24 v.
London, 1900-1951.
Margry, Pierre, ed.  Decouvertes et etablissements des
francais dans l?ouest et dans le sud de
1'Amerique septentrional, 1614-1754; memoires
et documents. 6 v. Paris, Jouaust, 1$76-18$6.
(Carnegie grant, French-Canadian Studies)
Marie de 1'Incarnation, Mother,  La vie de la venerable Mere
Marie de 1'Incarnation, tire'e de ses lettres et
ses Merits.  Paris, 1677,  (Carnegie grant,
French-Canadian Studies)
Meyer, Eduard.  Geschichte des Altertums. 4 v. Basel, 1953-
Niedermann, Max; Senn, Alfred; & Brender, Franz.  Wdrterbuch
der litauischen Schriftsprache.  Heidelberg.
1926-  (Rockefeller grant, Slavonic Studies)
Papineau, Louis Joseph.  Histoire de 1'insurrection du Canada,
en refutation du rapport de Lord Durham.
CBurlington, Vt., Publi! par Ludger Duvernay,
a 1'imprimerie du Patriote Canadien, 1$39J
(Carnegie grant, French-Canadian Studies)
Redoute, Pierre Joseph.  Album de Redoute.  London, 1954.
Rembrandt Hermanszoon van Rijn.  The drawings of Rembrandt;
first complete edition in six volumes cedj  by
Otto Benesch.  London, 1954-
Russia.  Treaties, etc.  Recueil des traites et conventions
conclus par la Russie avec les puissances
etran^eres ... ed, F. Martens.  15 v,
St. Petersbourg, 1$74-1909.  (Rockefeller grant,
Slavonic Studies)
Russian historical sources (Microprint). 30 boxes. Appendix B (Cont.)
Tokyo. National Museum. Pageant of Japanese art. 6 v.
Tokyo, 1952-1954.
Tolstoi, Leo. Works.  Tolstoi centenary edition. 21 v.
London, 1923-1937.
UNESCO world art series. New York, 1954-
University of Cincinnati Excavations in the Troad, 1932-193$.
(Gift, University of Cincinnati)
Wilson, Sir John Mitchell Harvey.  The royal philatelic
collection; ed. by Clarence Winchester.  London,
1952.  (Gift, Dr. H. R. MacMillan).
Part II: Serials
Acta Philologica Scandinavica. v. 1-22, 1926-1954=
American Academy of Arts and Sciences.  Proceedings,  v. 56-$2,
American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists. Proceedings.
2nd-3th, 1940-1954.
Archiv Mr Anatomie und Physiologie. v. 1-43, 1$77-1919.
Archives d'Anatomie Microscopique. v. 1-34, 1$79-193$.
Byzantinoslavica. v. 1-13, 1929-1952.
Casopis pro Modern! Filologi. v. 2-5, 7-35, 1912-1953.
Chesterian. n.s., v. 17-29, 1935-1954.
Collection des Travaux Chimiques Tcheques, v. 1-17, 1929-1951.
Ergebnisse der Allgemeinen Pathologie. v. 1-35, 1$95~1940.
Fortschritte der Neurologie und Psychiatrie. v. 1-16, 1929-1942
Frankfurter Zeitschrift fiir Pathologie. v. 1-55, 59-62,
Handbuch der Anatomie des Menschen. v. 1-$, 1896-1911.
Handbuch der Normalen und Pathologischen Physiologie.  v. 1-1$,
Heart, v. 1-16, 1909-1933.
Indian Journal of Medical Research, v. 13-42, 1937-1954. Appendix B (Cont.)
International Studio, v. 1-99, 1$97-1931.
Jahresbericht Innere Medizin. v. 1-14, 1912-1931.
Janus, v. 1-45, 1376-1946.
Journal de Physiologie. v. 1-45, 1399-1953.
Journal d'Urologie. v. 1-50, 1912-1953.
Kansas Entomological Society.  Journal, v. 1-27, 1928-1954,
Listy Filologicke. v. I-76, 1374-1952.
Logos, v. 1-21, 1910-1932, continued by Zeitschrift f#r
Deutsche Kulturphilosophie. v. 1-8, 1935-1942.
Lyon Chirurgical. v. 1-33, 1906-1943.
Madrid. Universidad.  Instituto Cajal de Investigaciones
Biologicas. Trabajos. v. 1, 3-4, 6-35, 3$-42,
1901-1950. Revista, v. 1-5, 1396-1900.
Monthly Review,  v. 1-27, 1900-1907.
Nanaimo Free Press, 1874-1901.  (Microfilm edition, 17 reels.)
Nieuwe Taalgids. v. 1-43, 1907-1950.
Norsk Tidskrift for Sprogvidenskap. v. 1-16, 1923-1952.
Nova Scotian. Dec. 29, 1324 - Dec. 5, 1339.  (Microfilm
edition, 6 reels.)
Presse Medicale.  1395-1950.
Race Relations Journal, v. 1-31, 1933-1953,
Revue Archeologique. Series 5, v. 21-36, 1925-1932.
Series 6, v. 1, 1933-
Rivista di Filologia e d'Istruzione Classica. n.s., v. 3-28,
Royal Entomological Society of London.  Transactions.  1902-1951.
Royal Society of Medicine.  Proceedings, v. 1-14, 17-35,
Royal Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene.  Transactions.
v. 1-46, 1907/03-1952.
Schmidt's Jahrbi?!cher der In- und Ausl&idischen Medizin.
v. 1-319, 1834-1914.  Supplements 1-5 and Indexes. Appendix B (Cont.)
Slovenska Matica V Ljubljani.  Zbornik, v. 1-14, 1899-1912.
Societe Medicale des Hopitaux de Paris.  1920-1950.
South Atlantic Quarterly, v. 10-45, 1910-1946.
Stidost-Forschungen. v. 1-13, 1936-1954.
Supplementum Epigraphicum Graecum. v. 1-12, 1923-1954. APPENDIX C
New Periodical Titles Received
Act (Leeds)
Acta Neurologica et Psjrchiatrica Belgica
Acta Phytotherapeutica
Acta Psychotherapeutica
Acta Tuberculosea Belgica
ADA Forecast (American Diabetes Association)
African Women (Supplement to Colonial Review)
American Annals of the Deaf
American Dental Association.  Journal
American Heart Association.  Council for High Blood Pressure.
A. I. CH. E. Journal. (American Institute of Chemical Engineers)
American Journal of Gastroenterology
American Museum Novitates
American Society of Sugar Beet Technologists. Proceedings
American Speech
American Veterinary Medical Association.  Journal
Angewandte Chemie
Annales Chirurgiae et Gynaecologiae Fenniae
Annales Cryptogamici et Phytopathologici
Annales Medicinae Experimental!s et Biologiae Fenniae
Annales Medicinae Internae Fenniae
L'Annee Philologique
Antibiotic Medicine
Antibiotica et Chemotherapia.  Fortschritte
Antiquarian Bookman
Applied Spectroscopy
Archiv fur Forstwesen /
Archives d'Histoire Doctrinale et Litteraire du Moyen Age
Archives de Biologie
Archives of Criminal Psychodjmamics
Archivum Chirurgicum Neerlandicum
Associations (Union of International Associations)
Athenian Agora
Audubon Field Notes
Beloit Poetry Journal
Berlin. Freie Universit&t.  Osteuropa-Institut. Referat
Medizin.  Bibliographischer Anzeiger
Berlin. Freie UniversitSt.  Osteuropa-Institut.  Slavistische
Veroffentli chungen
Bibliographie de la Philosophie
The Book (National Book League)
Books and Publishing Lecture Series (Simmons College, School of
Library Science)
Briefs (Maternity Center Association)
British Abstracts of Medical Sciences
British Birds Appendix C (Cont.)
British Journal of Haematology
Bruns' Beitrage Zur Klinischen Chirurgie
Bulletin Analytique
Burlington Magazine
Business History Review
CA.  A Bulletin of Cancer Progress
Cahiers de Medicine Soviltique
Canada TaX Appeal Board Cases
Canada Tax Gases
Canadian Association for Health, Physical Education and
Recreation.  Journal
Canadian Cancer Conference.  Proceedings
Canadian Geographer
Canadian Journal of Theology
Canadian Library Association.  Occasional Papers
Canadian Linguistic Association. Journal
Cerebral Palsy Review
Ciba Foundation.  Colloquia on Ageing
Ciba Foundation Symposia
Clinical Chemistry
Clinical Orthopedics
Commonwealth Phytopathological News
Conference on Gestation (JosdahMacy Foundation)
Congress of Neurological Surgeons.  Proceedings
Connecticut State Medical Journal
Construction Review
Cord: A Journal for Paraplegics
Deutsche Entomologische Zeitschrift
Disaster Research Newsletter., (National Research Council)
Docuraenta Ophthalmologica
Endocrinologia Japonica,
FID Informations.  (Federation internatiohale de documentation)
Folia Phoniatrica
Forest Science
Fortschritte Der Augenheilkunde
Fortschritte der Hals-Nasen-Ohrenheilkunde
Fortschritte der Physik
Geological Abstracts
Giornale Storico della Letteratura Italiana
Glasgow Medical Journal
GP. (American Academy of General Practice)
Grana Polynologica
Haematologica.  Archivio
Health Information Digest
Hearing News
Heart Bulletin
Hesperia.  Supplements
Historical Abstracts
Historische Zeitschrift
Hoernle' Memorial Lectures.  (South African Institute of Race
Index to New Zealand Periodicals Appendix C (Cont.)
Indian Journal of Tuberculosis
International Journal on Alcohol and Alcoholism
Japan Annual
Japanese Journal of Ichthyology
Japanese Society of Scientific Fisheries.  Bulletin
Journal de Chirurgie
Journal de Radiologie d'Electrologie et Archives d'Electricite"
Journal of Biophysical and Biochemical Cytology
Journal of Chronic Diseases
Journal of Communication
Journal of Electronics
Journal of Inorganic and Nuclear Chemistry
Journal of Nuclear Energy
Journal of the Mechanics and Physics of Solids
Journal of Tropical Pediatrics
Journal of World History
Juilliard Review
Keats-Shelley Memorial Bulletin
Langenbecks Archiv fiir Klinische Chirurgie
Lectures on the Scientific Basis of Medicine
London Mediaeval Studies
London Mediaeval Studies. Monographs
Lyon Medical
Methods of Biochemical Analysis
Modern Language Association of America.  French VII Bibliography
Monatsschrift fttr Psychiatrie und Neurologie
MQnchener Medizinische Wochenschrift
NBL Book List.  (National Book League)
NPPA Journal (National Probation t  Parole Association.  Journal)
National Association for Music Therapy. Bulletin
National Medical Association Journal
Nederlandsche Tijdschrift Voor Geneeskunde
New Africa Pamphlets
New Outlook for the Blind
New York Botanical Gardens. Memoirs
New Zealand Medical Journal
Norsk Hvalfargst-Tidende (Norwegian Whaling Gazette)
L'Onde Electrique
Opera News
Pan-Pacific Entomologist
Paperbound Books in Print
Paraplegia News
Patterns; a Verse Quarterly
Penrose Annual
Perspectives in Criticism
Plant Pathology
Psyche: A Journal of Entomology
Public Relations Journal
Relations; Revue du Mois Appendix C (cont.)
Review of Economic Studies
Revista de Filologia Espanola
Revue Archeologique
Revue de Linguistique Romane
Rivista di Filologia e di Istruzione Classica
Rochester University.  Canadian Studies Series
Royal Entomological Society of London.  Proceedings
Royal Microscopical Society.  Journal
Saltire Review
Scientia fiedica Italica
Shakespeare Jahrbuch
Social Research
Social Welfare in South-East Asia
Societe de Medecine de Paris.  Bulletin & Memoires
Socie'te Entomologique de France. Bulletin
Socie'te Historique de Quebec.     Cahiers d'Histoire
Sociological Abstracts
Sovetskoe Vostokovedeniie.  (Soviet Oriental Studies)
Spastics' Quarterly.  (British Council for the Welfare of
Special Libraries Association.  List of Translations.  Supplement
Stanford University.  Food Research Institute.  Food, Agriculture and World War II
Stanford University.  Hoover Institute Studies.  Series A-E,
Collection Surveys, Publications
Studia Linguistica
S t ud i a Ma t he ma t i c a
Supplementum Ephigraphicum Graecum
Tijdschrift Voor Entomologie
Toronto.  University.  Institute of Child Study.  Bulletin
U.3.C. Legal Notes
University of Kansas City Review
Upsala Canadian Studies
Urban Land Institute.  Technical Bulletin
Urban Land.  News and Trends in City Development
Urologia Internationalis
World Medical Journal
World Mental Health
Zastovania Matematyki
Zeitschrift fttr Angewandte Entomologie
Zeitschrift fttr Biologie
Zeitschrift ftfr die Gesamte Experimentelle Medizin
Zeitschrift fu*r Parasitenkunde
Zeitschrift fttr Romanische Philologie.  Supplement Heft:
Zeitschrift fiir Tierpsychologie
Zentralblatt fiir  Bakteriologie ... Abt. I. Referate APPENDIX D
CIRCULATION STATISTICS,-September 1954 - August 1955
Loan Desk
Feb. March   April  May  June
Book Room
J,362 12,096 14.535  6.622 13,308 15,795 16.203  7.796 2,308 2,198  5.804 4.095
3,036 12,773 15,422  8,835 11,669 11,495 14,573  9,987  109   94  6,067 3,344
592  2,216  2,148   732  2,430  2,899  2,437   972  308  281   495   391
Fine Arts
855  2,246  2,174   712  2,093  2,789  3,495  1,051   562  373   605 1,000
411  1,041  1,048
1,290  1,748  1,841  1,394  1,804  1,713  1,833  1,331 1,193
827   899
9,422 31,895 36,852 18,706 32,345 35,739 39,531 21,589 4,576 3,881 14,082 9,833   258,501
Extension Library 21,794
Interlibrary Loan Statistics
1954/55   1953/54 1952/53
Volumes borrowed              727      734 1,040
Volumes loaned              1,049      896 933 APPENDIX E
Harlow, Neal
University Librarian
Rothstein, Samuel
Assistant University
, 1947-
Fugler, Ethel
Brigden, Mrs, Roberta
Clerk I
Smith, Anne M,
Assistant Librarian and
Head of Reference
, 1930.
O'Rourke, Joan
Librarian III
Dwyer, Melva
Librarian II
Taylor, Doreen
Librarian II
Knowles, Dorothy
Librarian I
Owens, N08I
Librarian I
Russell, Phyllis
Librarian I
, 1954'
Shanahan, Claire
Librarian I
, 1954'
Klassen, Herbert
Library Assistant
Weinberg, Mrs. Flo
Library Assistant
Timrner, Maria
Stenographer II
, 1954
Adams, Audrey
Clerk I
Fraser, Doreen
Bio-Medical Librarian
Ford, Mrs. Marguerite
Librarian I
Barnes, Mrs. Margaret
Library Assistant
Pritchard, Mrs. Muriel
Library Assistant
Riches, Eleanor
Library Assistant
Alldritt, Marjorie
Jefferd, Dorothy
Donald, Jean
Elias, Elizabeth
Liggins, Patricia
Steckl, Peter
Giuriato, Mrs. Lydia
Brackett, Mrs. Norene
Browne, Anne
Fabian, Mrs. Janet
Hartley, Mrs. Wilma
Aug., 1951-
Librarian II
Jan., 1915-
Librarian I
Nov., 1953-
Librarian I
Aug., 1955-
Librarian I
July, 1952-
Librarian I
Sept., 1953
Library Assistant
June, 1950-
Clerk I
Sept., 1951
Clerk I
May, 1952-
Clerk I
Aug., 1955-
Clerk I
May, 1955- Appendix E (Cont.)
Lanning, Mabel M.
, 1926-
Bell, Inglis
Librarian II
Blakstad, Mrs. Mary-
Library Assistant
, 1954-
Hall, Carol
Library Assistant
, 1954-
Macdonald, Nancy
Library Assistant
Neale, Robert
Stackroom Attendant
, 1945-
Kew, Mrs. Delia
Clerk I
Rolfe, Dorothy
Clerk I
, 1944-
Tankard, Patricia
Junior Clerk
Wood, Patricia
Junior Clerk
I lay,
Mercer, Eleanor B.
Scott, Priscilla
Librarian I
Ketter, Annemarie
Library Assistant
Howell, Mrs. Nancy
Clerk III
, 1954'
BSttger, Hermine
Clerk I
Aug. ,
Graber, Ida
Clerk I
Hutchinson, Mrs. Helen
Clerk I
MacKay, Gordon
Clerk I
Veerman, Mrs. Martha
Clerk I
Spence, Joyce
Junior Clerk
., 1952
Lanning, Roland J.
Rutherford, Alice
Bailey, Freda
Lougheed, Joan
Murphy, Mrs. Colleen
Isman, Erla
Fryer, Percy
Colmer, James
Brewer, Mrs. Elizabeth
Lynch, Mrs. Isobel
Fryer, Percy Jr.
Librarian III
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Stenographer I
Sept., 1926-
Aug., 1952-
Jan., 1953-
Oct., 1954-
Apr., 19-55-
May, 1955-
Dec, 1951-
Sept., 1952-
Feb., 1952-
Oct., 1953-
Apr., 1952-
Stewart, Edith
Forsythe, Mrs. Yvonne
Extension Librarian
Clerk I
July, 194$-
July, 1943- Appendix E (Cont,)
DURING PERIpJpTT'"SlTpT.T'T^5"4 .r.,3.1.'Au^.^ 1955
Campbell, Louise
Alston, Mrs. Doreen
Wilson, Mrs. Mary
Besler, Freda
Murray, Norma
Little, Mrs. Margaret
Bunker, Jacqueline
Krohn, Kathy
Frebold, Mrs. Agnes
Kisch, Edith
Wesemeyer, Mrs. Beate
Makovkin, Mrs. Joyce
Klassen, Mrs. Evelyn
Clerk I
Library Assistant
Clerk II
Clerk I
Clerk I
Librarian III
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Clerk I
Clerk I
Clerk I
Library Assistant
Junior Clerk
Hennessey, Reginald
Librarian I
Hearsey, Evelyn .
Clerk III
Colley, Elizabeth
Library Assistant
Bartlett, Darcy
Clerk I
Crouse, Philip
Clerk I
Price, Mrs. Marguerite
Clerk I
Dearing, Enid
Dobbin, Geraldine
Jones, Mrs. Ann-Ellen
Murphy, Mrs. Colleen
Waterman, Mrs. Mary
Wilschefski, Wilga
Nishimura, Kazuko,
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Library Assistant
Stenographer I
July-Sept.,.1954 ■
Armitage, Mrs. Elizabeth  Clerk I
July,1949-July,1955 APPSNDIXJ!
Professional Activities
The University Library Staff
ALLDRITT, Marjorie.  Member: B.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; C.L.A.
Attended: B.C.L.A." Conference (gave paper on "The National
Library", since published); P.N.L.A. Conference (chaired
panel discussion on "Fundamental Principles of Catalog Code
Revision"); C.L.A. Conference (gave paper on "The National
Library; the Next Decade").3*
BELL, Inglis. Member: B,C.L.A. (Committee on Automatic Membership); C.L.A" (Membership Committee).  Attended: B.C.L.A.
Conference. Ls^tures: 14 lectures on biFliogra'phy and
reference books "to university classes in English 200.
Publications: "Reference Books in English Literature"
(revised edTtion; mimeographed, U.B.C., 1955).  Received
University research grant for work on bibliographic survey
of contemporary criticism (in progress).
DWYER, Melva. Member: 3.C.L.A. (Membership Committee); P.N.L.A.
C.L.A.  Attended: "B.C.L.A. Conference.  Lectures: lo lectures
on bibliography"and library use to university "classes.
Publications: joint compiler, with A. M. Smith, of "Books of
Interest" (mimeographed reading list, U.B.C, 1955).
ELIAS, Elizabeth. Member: A.L.A.
FORD, Marguerite. Member: C.L.A.
FRASER, M. Doreen. Member: President's Committee on Bio-Medical
Branch Library (Secretary); U.B.C. Faculty of Medicine
Library Committee (Secretary); 3.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; Medical
Library Association (Sub-Committee on Curriculum); P.N.L.A.
Attended: Medical Library Association Conference; P.N.L.A.
Conference (gave paper on "U.B.C. Bio-Medical Library
Services").  Lectures: 20 lectures to university classes.
Library Consultant to 3. C. Department of Public Health,
Anglican College and to Children's Psychiatric Library
HARLOW, Neal. Member: A.L.A. (Council; A.L.A.-C.L.A. Liaison
Committee; Nominating Committee; Committee on Photodupli-
cation and Multiple Copying Methods); B.C.L.A. (Chairman,
Certification Committee); C.L.A. (Council; Research Section
Council, Microfilm Committee); Calif. L.A.; P.N.L.A. (Chairman, Board of Managers, Pacific Northwest Bibliographical
Center); Bibliographical Society of Canada; Bibliographical
Society of America; B, C. Dept. of Education Certification
Board for Professional Librarians; Vancouver Community Arts
•k    A.L.A.- American Library Association
B.C.L.A.- British Columbia Library Association
Calif. L.A.- California Library Association
C-L.A.- Canadian Library Association
P.N.L.A.- Pacific Northwest Library Association Appendix F (cont.)
Council (Executive, Board of Directors); many University
committees.  Attended: C.L.A. Conference (paner, "Bibliography and Documentation", to be published);" A.L.A. Conference; Bibliographical Society of America, Annual Meeting
(paper, "The Well-tempered Bibliographer", to be published).
Lectures: University of Toronto and McGill Library Schools;
Television broadcast, C.B.C.  Pjiblications: "Living
Librarians IX: Lawrence Clark Powell"'" pML.A. Bulletin,
4$:553-555, November 1954); ;iThe U.B.C." Library—Life at
Forty" (U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle, 9:16-17, Spring 1955).
HENNESSEY, Reginald G.  Member: B.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; C.L.A.;
Bibliographical Society" of "Canada.  Attended: P.N.L.A.
JEFFERD, Dorothy. Member: 3.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
KNOWLES, Dorothy. Member: P.N.L.A.
LANNING, Mabel M. Member: B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
LANNING, Roland J. Member: B.C.L.A.; C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.
LIGGINS? Patricia. Member: B.C.L.A. (Personnel Administration
Committee); P.N.L.A.
MERCER, Eleanor. Member: B.C.L.A. (Acting Treasurer; Auditor;
Certification Committee); C.L.A. (Budget and Finance Committee); P.N.L.A.; Bibliographical Society of Canada.  Attended:
B.C.L.A. Conference; C.L.A. Conference; P.N.L.A. Conference,
O'ROURKE, Joan. Member: B.C.L.A. (Treasurer; Membership Committee; Committee on Automatic Membership; Recruitment
Committee); P.N.L.A.; C.L.A. Lectures: 24 lectures on
bibliography and library use to university classes.
OWENS, NoSl. Member: B.C.L.A. (Resolutions Committee).
Attended: B.C'.L.T. Conference.
ROTHSTEIN, Samuel. Member: University Archives Committee
(Secretary); University Committee on Mediaeval and
Renaissance Studies; B.C.L.A. (Chairman, Personnel Administration Committee); C.L.A. (University Salaries Committee;
Councillor, Cataloguing Section); A.L.A.; Bibliographical
Society of Canada.  Attended: B.C.L.A. Conference (chaired
panel discussion on tKe" National Library); P.N.L.A, Conference.  Lectures: two lectures to university classes in
History and English; address to High School Conference;
television broadcast (C.B.C). Publications: Thj___^ej_eJ._qp__-
ment of Reference Services (ACRL MonographT4; Chicago,
Association of College" and Reference Libraries, 1955); book
reviews in the Canadian Library Association Bulletin and
the Library Quarterly."
RUTHERFORD, Alice.  Member: P.N.L.A. Attended: P.N.L.A. Conference. Appendix F (Cont.)
SCOTT, Priscilla. Member: B.C.L.A. (Membership Committee;
Public Relations~~Committee); C.L.A. Attended: B.C.L.A.
Conference. Lectures: two radio broacfcastsTTor B.C.L.A.
SMITH, Anne M.  Member: .3.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.; A.L.A.; C.L.A.
(Chairman, Committee on Exchange of Librarians; Vice-Chairman,
Reference Section; Councillor, Research Section). Attended:
P.N.L.A. Conference. Lectures: addresses to U.B.C~Li"Frary
Professional Group; U.B.C LTbrary Staff Association;
Vancouver Public Library Staff Association; Valley View
Community Centre; Richmond Kiwanis Club.  Publications: two
articles for Mita Campus; article for Japan~"lXbrary School
Alumni Paper;" "My Year in Japan" (U.B.C, Alumni Chronicle,
9:22-23, Summer, 1955); "Books of Interest1"- reading list,
compiled with M. Dwyer, for teachers of English 91 (U.B.C,
mimeographed, 1955).
STECKL, Peter. Member: B.C.L.A. (Bursary and Loan Fund Committee) ; CL.A.
STEWART, Edith.  Member: 3.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A,
TAYLOR, Doreen. Member: 3.C.L.A.; P.N.L.A.  Lectures: nine
lectures on bibliography and library use to "university
classes. Appendix G
Senate Library Committee
Arts and Science
Applied Science
Graduate Studies
Appointed by President-
(Dr. G. N, Tucker (Chairman)
(Dr. M. F. McGregor
(Dr. I. McT. Cowan
Dr. W. H. Mathews
Dr. W. J. Anderson
Mr. G. D. Kennedy
Mr. Finlay A, Morrison
Dr. J. L. Robinson
Dr. S. M. Friedman
Dean G. S. Allen
(Dr. B.. A. Dunell
(Dr. T. M. C Taylor
(Dr. A. D. Moore
(Chancellor Sherwood Lett
(President N. A. M. MacKenzie
(Dean G. C. Andrew
(Mr. Neal Harlow (Vice-Chairman)
Mr. C. B. Wood
Terms of reference:
The Library Committee shall advise and assist the
Librarian in:
Formulating a library policy in relation to the
development of resources for instruction and research.
Advising in the allocation of book funds to the
fields of instruction and research.
Developing a general program of librae service for
all the interests of the University.
Keeping the Librarian informed concerning the Library
needs of instructional and research staffs, and
assisting the Librarian in interpreting the Library
to the University.


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