UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Indian education newsletter Nov 1, 1971

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 Indian Education v<L6ouac<>a C&wt:&r,
VniveJUiXu of\ B.C.,  Vancouver  8,  R. C, VANCOUVER      CITY      COLLEGE
The College has four distinct divisions:-
1. THE APPLIED ART DIVISION - known as Vancouver City College, School of Art,
located at 249 Dunsmuir Street, Vancouver 3, B.C.
The School of Art, the College's oldest division, established in 1927
and incorporated into the College in 1965, offers courses in the
creation of visual forms and ideas, teaching art from many points of
view.  It is nationally recognized.
2. THE VOCATIONAL & TECHNICAL DIVISION - known as Vancouver City College,
Vocational Institute, located at 250 West Pender Street, Vancouver 3.
The Vocational Institute, established in 1949 and incorporated into
the College in 1965, offers training primarily in vocational skills.
3. THE ACADEMIC & TECHNICAL DIVISION - known as Vancouver City College -
Langara, located at 100 West 49th Avenue, Vancouver 15, B. C.
Langara offers a variety of academic and technical programs, all of
which are listed in the annual College Calendar published in the early
spring of each year-  Classes are held during the day, in the evenings
and on Saturdays, to suit every possible combination of needs.
4. THE SPECIAL PROGRAMS DIVISION - known as Vancouver City College, Special
Programs Division, located at 951 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver 9,
B.C.  (formerly King Edward Center).  Telephone 731-4614.
The Special Programs Division, established in October 1970, consolidates ?a variety of programs previously scattered in different
locations.f ! Basic Education (B.T.S.D.), a basic preparation program
for ce¥%alhfvocational and technical training programs;  Grade 12
completfefi?4program for students wishing to obtain Grade 12 graduation for the purpose of entering Langara, V.V.I, or another post-
secondary institution;  Individual courses to enable students to
complete secondary school or adult secondary school graduation
requirements as well as courses required as pre-requisites for
admission to other institutions.
The Department of Indian Affairs has contracted with the Vancouver
School Board to hire two Vocational Counsellors to recruit and work with
Indian students in the College divisions.  They are:  1)  Mrs. Dorothy Neville,
who has responsibility for the Applied Art Division, the Vocational and Technical Division and the Upgrading part of the Special Programs Division.
2)  Mr. Don Morrison, who has responsibility for the Academic and Technical
Division and the College^ Foundations (Grade 12 academic) part of the Special
Programs Division.
These two counsellors have an office at the Special Programs Division
(King Edward Center), Room 311 - 951 West 12th Avenue,
Vancouver 9, B. C.
Phone:  731-4614.
* * *
* -  2  -
Don Morrison
Guidance Counsellor
My case load is fluid revolving around 60 students in training.  A
statistical breakdown on student progress is not yet available but a breakdown by programs and reserve for the fall semester is enclosed.
My responsibilities include counselling individuals and groups,
assisting students to plan appropriate academic/vocational plans, referring
students to specialized services available in the college and the community,
maintaining active liaisons with instructional staff at the college and with
the Department of Indian Affairs.
It is rumoured that the attrition rate among Indian students at
Vancouver City College is substantially higher than that of the general student population.  This is highly questionable hypothesis for this institution
with its open door policy.
There are however some problems.  Foremost is the lack of knowledge
about what educational resources are available to the student - what courses,
where, with what pre-requisites and what job prospects?  Even once the resources
are located, how does one utilize them?
What is the most effective way to provide this information and
facilitate its use by the student?
These general problems have specific consequences at Vancouver City
College where technical programs and science courses require a great deal of
pre-entry planning.
In the present educational structure there is little room for
exploration.  At a time when many students just came into contact with tools
to explore their identity, they are denied the opportunity or time to use them.
One must fulfill demands by the academic institution not designed
in terms of exploring the self but solely in terms of some distant meaningless
trivia of. academic progress.
The degree of success depends on definition.  Is it in terms of
academic criteria or in terms of identity formation or is it in terms of exploring and coming to terms with the social environment?
The counsellors responsibility ought to be to facilitate the student
to effectively change his environment; not help the environment change him?
With that in mind how best one integrate the contradictory demands
placed on the Indian students and what criteria for success are acceptable? STUDENTS REGISTERED AT VANCOUVER CITY COLLEGE
(as of Sept. 21, 1971)
Business Adm.
Full Part
Time Time
-   -
Bella Coola
South Is.
Thomp. R.
North Is.
North Coast
4   1
Out of Prov.
—   —
10   1
Full Time Part Time
College Prep,
Univ. Tran
Bus. Admin.
6 4 -
It is very easy to speak of skill deficiencies and cultural deprivation — and these are real problems with real solutions — but they are only
resoluable in the context of a broader frame of reference.
* * *
Dorothy Neville
Guidance Counsellor
My caseload varies throughout the year depending on class intake
dates, but is usually around 45-50 students from all over the province of
B. C, although the majority are from Fraser District.  I am responsible for
working with students enrolled in three divisions of Vancouver City College:
Vancouver Vocational Institute Institute (vocational programs)
Vancouver School of Art;
Special Programs Division (BTSD Levels 2, 3, & 4) &
Assessment Orientation.
This latter is a non-pressure preparatory program for students who have, had
educational or social difficulties or who do not know what is available to
them for further education.
Numbers enrolled in these divisions in September 1971 were:
Vancouver Vocational Institute 25
Vancouver School of Art 5
Special Programs Division 14
Assessment Orientation 15
My work is primarily with these students in training, in being
available to them for discussion, counselling, and program planning.  As
well, my responsibilities include being in contact with individuals or groups
in high schools and on reserves; in giving information relating to educational
programs, pre-requisites, financial support and community resources.  One day
a week is spent on "field work" attempting to be in touch with as many people
as possible.  My specific area is presently the Loxizer Fraser Valley from
Vancouver to Agassiz.
Program development is a special interest area for me but at this
time we do not seem to be making much progress in developing new programs,
mainly it would appear, because of lack of funds. - 5 -
The following are serious problem areas for students coming into
program in Vancouver:
1. inadequate pre-information of proceedure, educational
programs and resources available to students.
2. loneliness:  a lack of recreational facilities where
a student can feel "at home".
3. little awareness of the demands of present school
programs both in time required for study and the
importance of regular attendance.
* * *
525 West Pender Street, Vancouver, B. C.
Ray Collins, Manager
Our Indian Education Center provides a basic education (upgrading
Grades 1-8) for Indian men and women.  In addition to academic skill proficiency development in language arts and mathematics our program includes
Indian history and heritage.  Counselling, orientation, assessment, and
certification are other facets of the duties and responsibilities here.
Program adaptations, experimentations, and comparative studies are continuous
This is our fourth year of operation and during this time over 160
Indian men and women have been with us.  Another 50 have come from High
School and College for assistance with their science and mathematical problems.  About two thirds have been men with most of our students in the 20-
35 year age bracket.  Three special students have been 16 and 17 years of
age with two from the Yukon, and some from the Prairies and Eastern Canada
who have moved out here.
Many of our graduates are now finishing their BTSD 10 and 12,
college, and vocational training courses and others are skilled workers.
The achievements of these energetic and ambitions Indian men and women are
significant and remarkable.  All who have come have made important contributions here.
Our two-room school here is an Indian Affairs Branch educational
service and providing educational allowances, salary, materials, and
accommodation expenses.  We have a wide range of adult-based educational
materials, a science laboratory, drafting equipment, typewriter, T.V., stereo
with tape-recorder, a film projector with a wide range of National Film Board
films of Indian films and also for science, history, and geography. - 6
Although some are with us for a year while others complete the program in a month, the usual length of time is three months before proceeding
to further upgrading or vocational training. We have a six hour day and 5
day week with the normal school holidays including July and August.  Class
size is 12-14 with a total enrollment of 50 for last year. Applications are
received in our office here with referrals from friends and relatives of our
class members, Indian Affairs Counsellors and Placement Officers, Rehabilitation
Centers, Indian Friendship Centers, and Indian Organizations.
We have had visits from Indian leaders, Chiefs, Counsellors, Managers,
and Band Members, Union of B.C. Chiefs, Homemakers, Brotherhoods, and Federations, Social Workers, Court and Legal Aides, Doctors, Vocational Counsellors,
Placement Officers, Manpower Advisors, and Resource Personnel from Indian
Affairs, Universities - and of special importance and value from Indian
Organizations - have come to meet and talk with us.  We have had visits and
communications with Indian Education Committees and Research Officers as well
as with many university education students.
This information may be of use to you; if you wish additional, please
let us know. Mr. John Williams, formerly Skidegate Band-Manager and now at
U.B.C. studying Theology, who worked with us last spring between college -
university terms, would be please to provide further and direct information.
* * *
Mrs. R.C. Scott - Guidance Counsellor
This is a busy time of year - Report Time - with copies sent to
parents and interviews with students and staff.
September student total 64 Boys = 40 Girls = 24
October student total 61 Boys = 38 Girls = 23
November student total    61    Boys = 38    Girls = 23
Transfers - 2 grade 12 lads to a school within bus distance of
their village.  They will be at home for the weekends.
Drop-out - 1 grade 11 girl - age 18 - who failed grade 11 last
term but was given an opportunity to try a semester this September.  Her
brother wanted her to finish school; she does not want to continue with grade
11.  She can be programmed for Vocational Training with a completed grade 10
and a year and more of grade 11.
Areas in which Boarding Homes are located - Richmond, Ladner, Alder-
grove, Abbotsford (including new Yale Junior), Chilliwack (including Sardis). - 7 -
Academic = 29    Non-academic = 34    Occupational = 1.
The Occupational lad came into the program last year for the first
time. He completed his grade 8 at age 17 years and was in the same home as
his brother completing grade 9 academic at age 15 years.  There is an excellent
Occupational Program at Abbotsford where over a period of 11 years 8 students
have been on the program for a time and then progressed to the regular program.
One of these eventually graduated from grade 12.
Areas from which these students come:  Lytton - 1, North Island - 3,
West Coast - 1, Queen Charlottes - 3, Bella Coola Agency - 11, Terrace - 14,
Fraser - 1, Babine - 12, North Coast - 18.
Grades - Occupational - 1, Grade 8-17, Grade 9-9, Grade 10-10,
Grade 11 - 14, Grade 12 - 13.  (This is the first time in my 12 years as Guidance
Counsellor I have had no Grade 13 students as June/71 was the last year of that
Ages - from 12 years of age to 20.  This is the third time I have
had a student enter grade at age 12.  Both girls, sisters, are from Greenville.
There are 3 from the same family with me and I have had 6 from the same family
since 1960.  The youngest I_ had was an 11 year old boy from Bella Bella. (His
father started off to school with me; also his mother.)  A lad from the Babine
Agency is also 12.
Ages in September - 12 years = 2, 13 years = 4, 14 years = 10, 15
years = 7, 16 years = 9, 17 years = 12, 18 years = 14, 19 years = 4, 20 years
= 2.  Students 19 years or over from September to June /72 = 14.
Families - Over the years I have had the 6th, 5th and many families
with the 4th child under my care.  In some cases one child came to me in 1960
and the 2nd child came dovm this September.  In a number of instances my
husband, Dr. R. C. Scott, had their parents in school at Coqualeetza and
Alberni or I had their parents in school at Skidegate or Bella Bella or their
older brothers and sisters so I know the family background and know whether
the students are realizing their potential.
Families - Family of 2 sisters - 1 family.
- Family of 2 brothers - 4 families.
- Family of brother and sister - 4 families.
- Family of 3 members - 2 families.
- Family of 4 members - 1 family.
The village parents have asked that these 2nd, 3rd, 4th etc. members
come down to my areas.
Boarding Homes - 35 (less 1 in which the mother went to hospital for
an operation.)  Her students will return when she returns home.
1970 - 71 Homes of boarding parents of Indian descent = 10  (had
students from another time).
New Boarding parents this year 1971-72 = 5. (her mother has students,
..one of my former pupils,..sone of Indian clergyman.)
New boarding parents last year 1970-71 = 8.
Boarding parents of 3 to 11 years     - 21. - 8 -
Boarding parents - A number of my boarding parents have over the
years gone regularly to the canneries or to the villages to visit families
and students they have boarded over the years.
From September to November of this year more former students, (with
wives or husbands and a child) as well as parents, have visited the boarding
homes.  Some stay overnight, for the weekend or for a week.  Former students
are "family" and enjoy visiting homes in the community where their friends
and they were in communication.
Boarding parents attend weddings of former students, students attend
weddings of children of former boarding parents.
One former student and his wife hope to drive to Kingston next summer
to visit his boarding parent who now is on the staff
Children of boarding parents are now boarding students.  Students
formerly on the program are now "boarding parents." (second generation)
Over the years, besides graduating from vocational programs, some of
my students:
1. have become airplane pilots (one was in the Centennial Race)
2. have joined the Navy - a girl.
3. have become a member of the RCMP - 7th year in Alberta.
4. have become Home-School Co-ordinators.
5. are employed by Indian Affairs.
6. one has an R.N. diploma.
7. are employed in their villages on Councils, in P.O.
work, in recreation etc.
8. have attended the Vancouver School of Art.
9. have entered the university of BCIT.
Students brought back for one semester to complete a grade - 6.
1 student returned home.
1 student is doing well on his Occupational program.
3 students would like to go to work but his parents
would like him to complete his repeated subjects
this semester.
Students returning to my area after being elsewhere for one year = 5.
Students who have written asking to return = 2.  They were down for
4 years and had completed the grade and attained the age for vocational training - were all documented for such a program but when their friends were
returning for September they wondered whether they could return for "another
It is interesting to note that I now have a 4th member of one family
attending Steveston Secondary in Grade 11 - the school from which 3 of his
sisters graduated over the years.  Another graduated from Ladner. - 0
A "breakdown" on academic and non-academic grades
Occupational      Vocational      Academic
September, 1971:
Returning students
- 34
New students
= 19
Transfer to my area
= 1
* * *
11-1 = 10
..  13
12-2 = 10
..  11
1 N V 1 A N     AFFAIRS
Jack MacLeod, Guidance Counsellor
This school term (1971-1972) is the fifth in which I have been
working as counsellor with students who are on the Boarding Program in the
Lower Mainland.  During this time I have worked in the same geographical
areas:  part of the city of Vancouver, Burnaby, New Westminster, Fort Langley
and Mission City.  Each year I have worked with approximately seventy students.
Most have come from communities in the North Coast Education District, although
each year some have come from Interior communities, from Vancouver Island,
and a few from other provinces.  This term I work with one girl and one boy
whose homes are in Northern Alberta, and with one boy whose home is in Southern
Some schools make a real effort to understand the special needs of
their Native students, to make them feel at home and to give special consideration to them.  One of these schools in my area is, I am told, the largest
Secondary School in the province.  Last January, 1971 some of the teachers
and counsellors in this school began to meet periodically to discuss ways in
which their school might be able to serve their Native students better.  Before
one of these meetings I met with each of the 14 students (with whom I worked)
who were registered in that school.  During these visits we discussed things
about the school, the community and the Boarding Program in general.  This
was done so that the feelings, ideas and suggestions of our students might be - 10 -
presented to the teachers who attended that meeting.  Some of these are listed
below because 1  think that they represent the thinking of a_ good number of the
students with whom I  work.  (The 14 students were interviewed individually in
their boarding homes.  The figure in brackets shows the number of students
who commented in the way indicated.)
Are there things you like about your school?
Like semester system.  (4)
Teachers make most classes interesting.  (1)
Students easy to get to know.  (1)
Don't like anything about it.  (1) - (This student is in a much
smaller school this term -
1971 - 1972 - liking it much
better & getting good results.)
Teachers don't push.  (1)
More freedom than in my last school.  (1)
Teachers are really nice.  (2)
No answer.  (3)
Are there things which, in your opinion, make your present school more suitable
for Native students than other schools which you may have attended?
Haven't attended another high school but wouldn't want to move.  (3)
There are so many non-Indians here that we have to mix.  I think this good.  (1)
(This girl lived in a student residence from Grade 1 to 10).
A freer school than any other I've been in.  I like it for this reason.  (1)
Suits me well.  (1)
No answer.  (8)
Have teachers at your school told you that special help or extra help is available if you ask for it?
Can't  remember.      (1)
No.     (4)
Yes.      (9)
Do you feel that you have, by times, needed tutoring?
Yes.  (8)
No.  (6)
Have you ever accepted extra help (tutoring) from teachers at your school?
Yes.  (6)  (Math., English, Chemistry, Bookkeeping)
Yes.  (1)  (My sister, with whom I live, is a R.N.; she helps me sometimes.)
No.  (7)
Have you experienced what you think of as discrimination at school on the part
of teachers?
No.  (14)  (All were definite about this.) - 11
Have you experienced what you think of as discrimination at school on the
part of students?
No  (4 girls)  One said that she had not experienced this in school but that
she had in the community in which she is living.
No  (2 boys)
Yes  (6 girls)  (Two said that at the first of the term some boys called from
names and were mean to them.  One believes that this was
done because they were Indian.  The other thinks that it may
not have been because they are Indian.  After this was brought
to the attention of the counsellor at the school, the boys
were brought to the principal's office; from then on it
ceased to be a problem.)
Yes  (2 boys)    ("When we were in Grade 8 but not since."  Both are now in
Grade 11).
Do you have suggestions about things which might be done - but which are not
now being done - _tp_ make your school a_ better school for you?  (to make you
feel more at home, happier, more a part of the school and the community)
Maybe a School Club for Indian students.  (1)
It would be good if some of the teachers at our school were natives.  (1)
A good idea would be if the Indian students (coming to our school for the
first time) were brought together during the first week of school and told how
things are done at this school...Things are done differently here.  (1)
I would like to see a course given about Indian people and culture so the
other students would know more about Indians.  (1)
A course about Indians might be a good thing but it might not, - depending on
who gave it.  (1)
I like the school as it is.  (2)
There should be books in the school library about Indian culture.  I've looked
but haven't found any.  (1)
Teachers are willing to give help if we ask for it.  They usually know when
we need help.  I'd like them to ask me to stay for help instead of me being
supposed to ask them.  (1)
No, or no answer.  (5)
Do you think that Native students should be treated by the school in a_
special way, - or like all other students in the school?
Don't know.  (1)
Same as all the others.  (10)
Like the others, but to do this we have to be treated a little differently; -
for example, we want to get to our own homes on closing day at Christmas
and Easter.  (2)
When we first come to a new school, the teachers should not expect as much
from us as from those who have been there before, - until we know how things
are done at the new school.  (1)
In the 1969-1970 (mostly in January) skipping classes became very common at
your school, - mostly among our students in Grade _8.  Do you think that there
should be more frequent reporting by the school to our office regarding classes
skipped and absences?
Don't know.  (5) "- 12 -
Should be closer check.  (3)
Best the way it is.  (1)
Kids who skip often either make poor marks or fail.  This is their problem.  If
this is what they want to do, I don't think the school or you can do much to
change it.  (1)
No answer.  (4)
Do you think that the same regulations with regard to withdrawal from school
(because of absenteeism, classes missed, etc.) should apply to students on
the Boarding Home Program in exactly the same way as to other students?
Don't know.  (1)
Same for us, but regulations should be less strict for all.  (1)
The final decision about withdrawal because of poor attendance should take
into consideration what kind of work the student is doing or if he's trying.  (1)
Should be warned several times before being told to withdraw...! guess this
is done.  (1)
No answer.  (10)
Have you found it fairly easy or quite difficult to make friends with students
at school who are not on the Boarding Program?
Fairly easy.  (2) Difficult.  (1)
Easv  (3) Very difficult.  (1)
Easier than at last school.  (1)     Difficult for first two months.  (1)
More difficult than at previous schools.  (3)
No answer.  (2)
Do you have close friends at school who are not on the Boarding Program?
Several.  (11)
Only a few.  (3)
Not any.  (0)
All students on the Boarding Program in your community were given memberships
in the YMCA and YWCA.  To what extent have you used your Y Memberships?
Have not used my Y Membership.  (5)
Take part in the activities at the Y, but not often.  (5)
Go regularly to the Y, - at least once a week, usually more often.  (4)
Does you leisure time include sports and social activities sponsored by your
Yes.  (regularly)  (3)
Yes.  (but not often)  (4)
No.  (7)
Do your leisure time activities take place in the community in which you live?
Yes, but not things put on by the school.  (4)
No, - not often.  (10)  (Of these, eight said they go to the Indian Center in
Vancouver regularly.  Two said that they are on a
basketball team in Vancouver.)
***** - 13 -
THE      ROLE      0 T      THE      J N V 1 A N      AFFAIRS  COUNSELLOR
J. T. Smith, Guidance Counsellor
As stated by the Department of Indian Affairs, counselling is the
service that is most directly related to effecting behavioural change.
Basically, it is a helpful relationship in which the counsellor is able to
sit down with students, one at a time, and in small groups if they have
common problems, and assist them in resolving their own problems.  In a
counselling relationship, the counsellor - a)  Assists students to analyze
their personal abilities, weaknesses and opportunities b)  Assists students
to make intelligent educational and vocational plans and  c)  Assists each
student, particularly those who have to live away from home, to make the
necessary community adjustment.  As for placement, the counsellor - assists
the student and parents with boarding home arrangements and works with
boarding home parents and teachers to make the student's school experience
more meaningful.  In the latter there is a follow-up to determine whether
the student's educational placement and boarding arrangements have turned
out to be appropriate and workable.  In addition to this, counsellors must
maintain a close liaison with provincial school counsellor, juvenile and
adult authorities, health and welfare offices, youth serving clubs and
facilitate communication between natural parents and boarding home parents.
In other words the duties of a counsellor are broad and diverse, however,
the primary function of any counsellor is to be of service to students.
Helping students solve their educational problems is one of the most
important and frequent services the guidance department of any district is
called upon to render.  The reason for this is obvious - more freedoms bring
in their wake pressures such as human beings have not formerly experienced.
Counselling students today is very complex - it is not merely sitting doxm
for a chat, it requires knowledge, skill, sensitivity and a high quality of
responsibility.  Because in guiding students today, one must take into account
the background and future of the student and his emotional functioning.
Guidance is not a magical word that will open the door of a treasure cave
but it can show a path which the student may follow something of greater value.
In short guidance is a process of helping individuals to help themselves
through their own efforts to discover and to develop their potential resources
for personal fulfillment and social usefulness.
Where does the counsellor fit into this picture?  Counselling is the
process by which an experienced and qualified person assists another person
to understand himself and his opportunities to make appropriate adjustments
and decisions in the light of this insight to accept personal responsibility
for his choices and to follow courses of action in harmony with his choices.
This non-directive approach does not attempt to improve any set of values
or beliefs on the students.  It truly respects the integrity of the individuals
right to decide for himself.  Counselling is not authoritarian - its purpose
is to help a young person to assess his talents, aptitudes and interests, to
provide him with information about the world outside school, and to relate the
two so that he may plan to put his qualities to the best possible use.  But
the counsellor must also keep in mind no system of tests or of occupational
classificationa no machinery of collecting or tabulating or charting or filing
can take the place of the personal integrity, the individual capacity and the
basic common sense of the counsellor. - 14 -
As for vocational counselling much of the tragedy of human existence
in this age is caused by people drifting into jobs.  They make a choice based
upon glamour, or social prestige or to please a parent.  To avoid this tragedy
what is needed to help those young people is information.  Information about
the aptitudes and capacity of the students, about the occupational fields and
about the opportunities for training within those fields. All this information
must be in the hands of the counsellor to advise the students. As everyone
knows - maturity is not fixed and measurable - it simply means that there shall
be no major area in which a person feels frustrated, intellectually, physically,
socially or emotionally. When a counsellor has brought these things to the
mind of a young person, he has discharged an important responsibility and he
has shown how the young person may fulfill himself.
* * *
I      DREAMT     OF      AMCHJTKA
Teddy Earl Antoine
This is the second original poem this young Indian has offered for our Newsletter,
(See Volume 1, #5).
The day before we had a large protest
Against the American Nuclear Test
Though we have tried everything
The States were going through with Cannikin
As I lay in my bed that night
I thought of the people filled with fright
I thought of the children that would weep
Then I drifted into a soundless sleep	
The wilderness was quiet, the sky was clear
Suddenly in the distance you could hear
The rumbling sound of a sonic boom
The time of day was early noon
A light flashed across the sky
The oceans and rivers began to rise
The ground began to rumble and shake
Buildings began to crumple and break
People panicked, started to cry
Innocent people, we all will die
Flames shot upward from the ground
The moon seemed like it was falling down
The sun seemed like it drifted further away
Then darkness took over the light of day
The gentle breeze was now a typhoon
Everything in its way would be ruined
People ran from left to right - 15
Their faces were pale, because of fright
Animals scrambled in every direction
Trying to avoid the deadly radiation
Suddenly a wall of x.?ater came rushing to me
I turned around and started to flee
With a lot of luck on my side
I managed to avoid the rushing tide
Then deep inside I felt the nearing death
As I gasped and gasped trying to catch my breath
Then darkness blinded my eyes, I could not see
I guess it was my conscience that warned me
Then I woke up in my bed
And I thought a minute to clear my head
Then the visions came back in my mind
That it was-nearing the end of mankind
Subconsciously I still could hear people scream
And I tell you, this is a warning dream
So let us all be sister and brother
For there's no country greater or better
Our GOD is the only superior and best
So set a law against Nuclear Tests.
* * *
The last two weeks it looked like winter had arrived - all the snow,
icy roads and the hustle to get the snow tires installed.  Oh, the joys of
winter arriving!  I suppose all the coast people are enjoying the grey, foggy
monsoon season.'  So much for the weather forecast - on with my news report.'
I'm a bit disappointed since I haven't seen the first issue of the
Bulletin.  But, because of my isolation here in the mountains and the mail
delivery every fort night, that probably explains the delay.
I am wondering how many of the other co-ordinators get involved with
family allowance correspondence, medical dental services, and to what extent.
Services or information on these services seems difficult to unearth.  Simplicity
seems to breed confusion.'
I would appreciate hearing from anyone who has an active Education
Committee.  Any suggestions on how to mobilize and involve the E.C. to a
greater extent would certainly be helpful.
Patty Wright
****** 16 -
Many teachers in our district have made some complimentary moves
concerning my liaison position as Home School Co-ordinators.  I have tried to
follow through some problems that have been referred to me, and, I expect there
should normally be many more.  I think, however, that I would be bragging to
say that I have initiated a fair number of successes in these cases, as we
will still need to see final effects and results by the end of the term.  One
thing I can say with freedom though, is that most students with problems have
responded more to me than they have to their principals, counsellors, and,
teachers.  This is no insignificant amount of help to the schools.
At this point, I am trying to communicate with the students at
Alberni Students' Residence.  Our group of parents can be hopeful of visitation
privileges there.  I am sure that this move will contribute in some measure to
making residence a bit more of home away from home.
We are now in the process of trying to develop more home work help
for the students who are finding work hard at school.  I regret to say that
some students have dropped out-at this early stage - some because they don't
really have much interest at all, and some because they "brought it on themselves."  It's surprising how fast some students "get turned off" in this
"education" bit.  But still we do have our share of those who "have come back,"
after being out for sometime.  We also have the young chap who ran away home,
and is now writing in every direction possible to get back in.
One project worth mentioning here at the residence is the weekly
supper invitations to the teachers in the schools where the students are
attending.  The students in residence entertain their respective teachers with
supper and a tour of the place.  This should prove to be an enlightening experience for those teachers who are responding to the invitations.
We will be looking forward eagerly to your "Camosun" edition as we
are at present in the process of arranging a date for the students in "West
Coast Studies" at Alberni District Secondary involving students from grade 11
& 12 to sit in on one of their sessions in Victoria one day soon.  This is
an Indian studies class primarily doing a studies research on the Indians of
B.C.  They are doing research also on other parts of North America.  The class
comprises about twenty students, and three of these are Native students.
So much for the news around town,
Roy Haiyupis
* * *
We are sorry but, the feature article on Indian Studies Program
being carried on at Camosun College, Victoria will not appear until January, 1972,
*************************************** 17 -
So far my work has been primarily "getting organized with the
foundation work with the public schools that I am working with".  I have
finally met and talked with the various principals, teachers, students and
counsellors of each school.  I met with the students in the schools that
they are attending and explained my position of Home School Co-ordinator.
I met with the parents and they welcomed me with good response.  Co-operation
on the whole has been really going well.  I have established a regular basis
of one day per week in all the schools with the principals and students, plus
the ON THE CALL BASIS.  The main problem, if so called a problem, that is
brought up to my attention is, as we all already know is ATTENDENCE in school.
Most of the students I noticed were on General Program, very few on academic.
Some were in Special classes or/and on very modified programs as well.  I
have a total of approximately 250 schools ranging from pre-school to high
school level.  One school is entirely Indian students...a day school called
CALLED Little Raven Nursery & kindergarten.  The latter is staffed with Indian
teachers and teacher aides....(42) in attendance for the nursery and kindergarten.
One problem that I feel that Home School Co-ordinators face in
speaking with principals, teachers and others, is the fact that we have a
lot of educating and teaching them about our people.  I really do not think
that most of these principals and teachers fully realize and understand our
problems in the field of education.  Why?  Because they either know nothing
or very little about our reserves, our way of life, or our way of thinking.
It is hard for them to understand that we have a special problem in education.
We seem so insignificant and unimportant to these people. We educators are
not looking for special or extra attention in the public schools yet we are
seeking interested teachers and counsellors and co-operation to help our
people.  To us, it is important that our people become educated enough to get
a job, to have basic understandings about voting, municipal operation, general
business about budgets in band business, administrative tasks, the general
KNOW HOW of everyday living....insurance, mortgages, medicare, by laws and
law order....etc....
It is true that our Indian students are attending school and that
many of our students are returning back for a second round but how many do
graduate or finish in the end?
If all the Home School Co-ordinators could encourage students to
stay with it until he or she has at least a good basic training...he has
done wonders.'  I think that encouragement is needed by parents as well as by
counsellors.  The education system and school work can be frustrating and
depressing to alot of Indian students at times.  If we could catch them then
to give a little encouragement and understanding...we could say that we did
try with earnest...and interest...
I hope that my wondering thoughts did not confuse you.'  I hope that
I do not convey negativism. .. far from it.'
Mrs. Molly Pelkey
My office is located in Lillooet which has two Elementary Schools
and one Secondary. The secondary school in Lillooet is the only one in the
Next to the Village of Lillooet is the Indian Village of Lillooet.
No doubt, you heard about the fire disaster that struck the reserve.  The new
homes are being built as fast as is possible and are expected to be complete
before winter cold sets in.
The next reserve I serve is the Cayoosh Creek.  The reserve is
comprised of two separate tracts of land.  The nearest is located two miles
from the town and the second is about three miles further along on the Texas
Creek road.
Bridge River reserve begins about three miles from town and extends
about thirteen miles on either side of the Bridge River.  All of the children
from the reserve attend school from Kamloops Indian Student Residence of are
boarding out in Kamloops.  This requires me to act as liaison between the
parents and students.
The Fountain reserve has the largest number of Indian students of
the whole area.  It is located about ten miles from Lillooet on the Lillooet-
Cache Creek highway.
Further along, 23 miles from Lillooet, is the Pavilion band.  Pavilion
is a relatively isolated community served by a two room school which we
affectionately call Pavilion school.
Seton Portage and Shalalth are the most distant areas that I serve.
They are located about 45 miles from Lillooet by road.  Via P.G.E. they are
about 20 miles from Lillooet.  These communities are served by Bridge River
Elementary and Seton Lake School.
NURSERY SCHOOLS:  a)  Lillooet - located in basement of Anglican Church.
This school was begun last year.  It is administered
by the Lillooet District Indian Bands Council.  It
serves the reserves of Fountain, Lillooet, Cayoosh
and Bridge River.  Only those with their own transportation from Bridge River are able to take advantage
of the service.
b) Shalalth Nursery - located in basement of Seton Lake
School.  This was in operation before I had arrived
on the job.  It is operated through Indian Affairs
by Mrs. Clara Shiels.
c) Teacher aides - Indian teacher aides are also being
discussed.  There are teacher aides in the schools but
no Indian person is yet involved as such. - 19 -
d) Adult Education - on reserve - Fountain is starting
a course in the preparing of buckskin right from its
raw state.  Since this was already under way this
office could not take any credit for it.
I had suggested the introduction of cedar basket weaving. This
program is to be opened to any one that is interested in taking the course.
It will deal with the actual weaving from the raw materials (cedar roots,
saplings, etc.) with the course ending with two or three fields trips to show
the people where and how the materials could be obtained.
e) Communication:   i)  set up a program of communication
to inform band councils of educational opportunities that are
available to band members.
ii)  attempt to get the education
committees into more inter-reserve
Saul Terry
* * *
Indian Education ReiouAcea CznteA.
Hut 0-12, Room 2
Univ&uity oi &UtU>h Columbia.
Vancouvzi %, B. C.


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