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Focus 2003

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Visualizing Abstract Information
► Information Visualization
► Spatialising Data
► Computer Graphics
Growing computational power and
burgeoning data sets bombard us
with more information than we can
easily comprehend. Tamara Munzner's
work in information visualization
[infovis) applies computer graphics
and the human visual system to help
users explore and explain data,
Ever since prehistoric humans began
painting petroglyphs, visual metaphors
have been used as powerful cognitive tools.
"What the computer provides that thousands of years of graphic design does not—
is interaction," says Tamara Munzner, who
recently came to the department of
Computer Science at UBC from Compaq's
research centre in Palo Alto, California.
Munzner uses the computer as an
interactive visualization tool to help us
make meaning out of data. Designing a
plausible synthetic information space that
a user can easily comprehend and navigate
is a major challenge, particularly when it
involves interacting at a guaranteed frame
rate in real time. Information visualization,
or "infovis," is an emergent and highly
interdisciplinary research area, which draws
on concepts from computer graphics,
human-computer interaction, cognitive
psychology, semiotics, graphic design,
cartography, and art. Munzner notes that
after ten years, infovis has become
recognized as a field in its own right.
"Spatial perception is the strongest of
our visual cues," says Munzner. "So choices
about spatialising the data are the most
critical." Once she comes up with a spatial
concept, the next step is to scale it to a
large data set. Another challenge is designing algorithms to determine what element
is most important in a scene, particularly
when everything is abstract to begin with.
Seeing the Forest and the Trees
Munzner is interested in building
systems that show both focus and content
at once. "The idea is to have detail and
overview in the same view, and to have some
kind of carefully chosen distortion that
allows you to merge them," says Munzner.
Continued on page 2
Spring 2003 Vol.14. No.1
Crossing the Digital Divide  3
Modelling the Manner of Speaking..4
New Faculty 5
The Big Squeeze 7
Followi ng the Flow 9
Passing Notes 10 ICICS
This expanded issue of FOCUS illustrates
how quickly our ICICS team is growing—
and the vitality of their collaborative work
within ICICS and with other industry and
Tamara Munzner (CS) is a pioneer in
tion (infovis), which draws on concepts
from computer graphics, hum an-computer
interaction, cognitive psychology, s«
graphic design, and cartography She <
orates with several ICICS members ar
researchers across Canada to build toe
help us explore and explain data.
Shahriar Mirabbasi's (ECE) worl
mixed-signal integrated circuits facilr
System-on-a-Chip design. His resean
.tion with Chemical and
J Engineering, Agricultural
and Fisheries in the developr
or animal tagging.
Linguist Bryan Gick studies the motor
processes involved in making speech. His
work has applications in speech recognition
and synthesis, speech pathology and surgery
In a special foldout section, we introduce eleven new ICICS members and offer
brief synopses of their research activities.
Look for in-depth profiles of these dynamic
newcomers in upcoming issues of Focus.
The work of Panos Nasiopoulos (ECE),
ntheMidnetLab, is
q this is
ICICS Master of Software Systems Prograi
An expert in fluid mechanics and
todynamics, Sheldon Green's (ME) work
iproves the instruments used in pulp and
per manufacture. He is also helping to
velop new meteorological instrumenta-
>n in collaboration with Atmospheric
iences and other ME faculty.
Rabab WardMCICS Director
►   Munzner: Continued from page 1
She plans to collaborate with ICICS
member Ron Rensink (of CS and
Psychology) to investigate how much
a scene can be manipulated through
operations such as translation, rotation,
and scale before pre-attentive visual
interpretation breaks down, and users
have to re-acquire the scene in order
to make sense of it.
Key Collaborations
With funding from GEOIDE, a
federally supported Networks of Centres
of Excelfence, Munzner and other
researchers across Canada are working to
see how effectively they can augment
geospatial data from geographic maps
with an abstract view that includes more
semantic or interpretive data. At UBC,
this project includes the Sustainable
Development Research Initiative, Forestry's
Michael Meitner and Stephen Sheppard.
She is also discussing a new project on the
visualization of data mining with
Raymond Ng of CS.
"With infovis, the more users you
have who can provide feedback, the
better off you are in terms of being
able to understand what the problem
is, so you can design something
better next time."
Munzner is also keen to apply her
work to evolutionary biology and bioinfor-
matics. "What is appealing about bioinfor-
matics problems is that they have three
things going for them: big data sets, clear
problems, and funding," says Munzner.
"It is difficult to find all three together."
Using Geometry to Get the Picture
Tamara Munzner honed her skills in visualization at the NSF-funded Geometry
Centre in Minneapolis. There, she helped
develop the video "Outside In," which
uses sophisticated computer animation to
demonstrate a famous mathematical
hypothesis in topology—how to turn a
sphere inside out without puncturing
or tearing it.
After working in the specialized area
of mathematics visualization, she began
PhD work at Stanford in information
visualization, and also consulted with
Silicon Graphics, where she developed
software to help web designers visualize
the hyperlink structure of a large website
in its entirety, rather than one page at a
tims. "The interesting aspect of this work
is trying to understand the user's path by
overlaying web trail traffic on top of site
structure," says Munzner.
Munzner has developed several infovis software tools. She says that working
in industry gave her invaluable experience
with real-world data sets. "When you
build the systems that you want people to
use, you run up against hard problems,
and scalability and usability are just two
Tamara Munzner can be contacted at
604-827-5200 or tmm@cs.ubc.ca Crossing the Digital Divide
Affordable access to increasing amounts of data—anywhere, anytime—challenges researchers
like ECE assistant professor Shahriar Mirabbasi. His work in mixed-signal integrated circuit (IC)
design aims at helping the microelectronic industry meet this need.
► Integrated Circuit Design
► Wireless/Wireline
► System-on-a-Chip
► Micro-Power Animal Tags
Advances in digital IC fabrication have
produced digital circuits that are more
robust and flexible than their analog counterparts. For new ICICS member Shahriar
Mirabbasi, there is one main snag in this
shift to digital—most physical signals that
are transmitted or received are still analog
in nature. Implementing more functionality
in the digital domain demands more stringent performance requiremsnts on analog
and mixed analog-digital interface blocks.
These mixed-signal blocks are the major
bottleneck in the technology—one that
Mirabbasi is working to unplug.
In UBC's System-on-a-Chip (SoC)
Lab, Mirabbasi collaborates with fellow
researchers to improve the performance of
integrated mixed-signal microchips. The
technology of choice for system-on-a-chip
implementation is silicon-based CMOS
(Complementary Metal-Oxide
Semiconductor) technology. In addition to low fabrication
high yield, CMOS
provides the
possibility of
integrating an:
and digital cin
the same chip.
Advantages of uniting
analog and digital blocks on
the same chip include lower
power consumption, smaller
package size, and a higher speed of
operation. Designing analog and
digital circuits on the sams substrate
introduces subtle challenges. Analog
require a quiet
different switching activities in the digital
circuitry cause a "noisy" environmsnt and
corrupt the sensitive analog signals.
Tracking Steller Sea Lions
Mirabbasi also collaborates with
Royann Petrell (Chemical and
Biological Engineering), Scott
McKinley (Agricultural
Sciences), Andrew Trites
(Marine Mammal
Unit, Dept. of
Fisheries), and
fellow ICICS members
William Dunford and Matt
Yedlin (both of ECE) on the
design and impk
tion of micro-powei
s for animal tagging.
With funding from the North Pacific
Universities Marine Mammal Research
Consortium, National Oceanic and
Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), and
North Pacific Marine Science Foundation,
they are developing a tiny bio telemetry
device for tracking Steller sea lions.
Designing reliable, low-voltage, low-power,
high-speed mixed-signal ICs is crucial to the
construction of tags with battery longevity.
This research also has biomsdical
applications, such as for pacemakers
and other implants. "You don't want
to implant something inside the
body that consumes excessive
power," says Mirabbasi. "This not
only shortens battery life, but also
s the implant to heat up."
Continued on page 9 Modelling the Manner of Speaking
Linguist Bryan Gick's research on the mechanisms of speech production
gives new meaning to the phrase "read my lips."
"We haven't really understood the whole
speech motor control system
—just because it is so difficult to get at."
How do we make the sounds needed for
articulate speech? How do those sounds
differ between languages? And how can
we track the movement of the mouth, lips
and vocal tract to model those sounds and
reproduce them digitally? "Understanding
language is all part of learning
more about how the mind
works," says Bryan Gick,
Linguistics and founding
director of UBC's
Interdisciplinary Speech
Research Laboratory.
► Vocal Tract Modelling
and Synthesis
► Speech Motor Control
► Ultrasound Imaging
The Measure of
Gick and his collaborators have
developed techniques for using ultrasound
imaging to treasure the tongue during
speech production. They plan to create
complete vocal tract models by first
using MRI to get a static image of the
vocal tract, into which they can then insert
ultrasound images of tongue movement.
They also combine video signals from the
ultrasound with video of the face to track
lip and head movement. Converting vocal
;hapes into sound further involves
modelling the complex aerodynamics of
breath, or turbulence, in the vocal tract.
This turbulence is what makes "thhh"
and "shhh" sounds.
Gick's work in vocal tract modelling
with fellow ICICS member Sid Fels of
ECE was presented by graduate students
Florian Vogt and Ian Wilson at the 2001
Bryan Gick studies the motor
processes that go into making speech
sounds, such as constrictions of the
vocal tract, and movement of the
tongue, mouth and lips to understand
how we control our articulators in order
to be able to measure and model them.
"Once we begin to understand what
humans can do with their vocal
tracts, then we start to understand
things about speech in general,"
says Gick. His work has potential
applications in speech recognition
and synthesis, speech pathology,
linguistics, and surgery.
Advanced Sysi
Exchange, where
Award. Gick noti
tract with face sii
potential app lie ai
tions, because it i
t won a Communication
; that coupling vocal
lulation has an important
on in telecommunica-
duces the amount of
bandwidth needed for audiovisual
transmission. "If you have a single synthesis
system, where you track very basic
movements and the entire head is modeled
as one object, then if you send one set
of parameters for speech, the face, mouth
and lips all move in tandem."
Bryan Gick can be contacted at
604-822-4817 or gick@interchange.ubc.ca New Faculty The ICICS Eleven
31 Chen Grei   CS. Research: Scientific computing. "Many
mathematical problems can be solved numerically by using
powerful computers. The rapidly growing computing power
available even on today's simpfest horns PCs makes this research
area all the more dynamic and exciting. I am interested in
investigating and implementing efficient numerical solution
techniques for problems arising in computer science, mathematics
and engineering."
32 Juri Jatskevich ECE. Research: Computer simulation of
electrical systems. "Power electronics play an increasingly
important role in the performance and reliability of modern
aircraft, ships and vehicles, as well as ground electric power
systems. Simulation is key in achieving the design goals. I am
interested in how we can reduce the time required to simulate
and analyze complex systems."
Vikram Krishnamurthy, ECE. Research: Statistical signal
processing. "The suppression of noise and optimization of systems
that evolve randomly are crucial in the design of new generation
cell phones, PDAs, radar systems, and sophisticated electronic
warfare systems. My goal is to devise and analyze high performance
statistical signal processing algorithms for these complex systems."
04 John D. Madden, ECE. Research: Molecular a,
and devices. "A key aim of my research is the development
of muscle-like motors, made of electronically conducting
polymers that change dimsnsion as their chemical state is
altered. An interesting application is their use in powering the
flight of insect-sized vehicles (in collaboration with Joseph Yan,
ECE). I am also investigating the ability of these polymers to
store and rapidly release tremsndous quantities of electrical
charge, a property that is potentially useful in fuel-cell-driven
vehicles. In order to fully realize the potential of super-capacitors
and polymer motors, fabrication methods are being devised
that enable the structure to be controlled at nanometre-length
05 Joanna McGrenere, CS. Research: Human-computer
interaction. "From desktops to laptops, PDAs, cell phones, and
embedded devices—all this technology was supposed to make
our lives easier and yet even I am often flummoxed by it!
My goal is to factor the human elemsnt into the design of
technology. In particular, I am investigating adaptive and
adaptable interface designs as complementary yet competing
approaches to accommodating individual differences among m If   ^>
H*     >■*    ■
We welcome the eleven talented scientists
who have recently joined the ICICS team.
These cv-snapshots provide a glimpse into
the research they are doing and illustrate
current and potential creative collaborations
—the focus of ICICS's mandate.
36 Walter Mi ME. Research: Proton exchange membrane
fuel cells. "My research focuses on clean energy sytems. We must
strive towards energy systems that are sustainable and geo politically
stable. My overall research strategy is focused on fuel cell and
hydrogen technologies. The goal is to allow renewable energy to
complement our current dependence on fossil sources. To this e
I am interested in finding collaborators at ICICS to model the
fundamsntal processes in a fuel cell."
07 Shahriar Mirabbasi, ECE. Research: Analog and mixed-signal
integrated circuit design. "In the current information age, 'digital'
is the buzz word; however, most physical signals are analog in
nature. Designing high-speed, low-power analog and mixed
analog-digital circuits is an engineering art that we are trying
08 Tamara Munzner, CS. Research: Information visualization.
"I build systems to help people understand large datasets using
interactive computer graphics. In the past I've worked with people
ranging from topologists and cognitive linguists to web-site
designers and networking researchers. I'm enthusiastic about
starting new collaborations at UBC, especially within ICICS,
in bio informatics and other areas."
09 Robert Schober, ECE. Research: Wireless c
"My research goal is to design and analyze efficient algorithms
that enable high-data-rate wireless communication and have an
affordable computational complexity. Applications of my research
include second and third generation mobile communication
systems, Bluetooth, and wireless local area networks (WIANs)."
10 Vincent Wong, ECE. Research: Wireless networking. "My
research interests include scheduling and topology discovery in
wireless personal area networks, routing in wireless mobile ad hoc
networks, and handoff and location management in wireless
cellular networks. As an ICICS member, I am looking forward to
the opportunities for collaboration that the Institute provides."
11 Joseph Yan, ECE. Research: Micromschatronics systems.
"I research micromanipulation and microassembly tools as an
enabling technology for the fabrication of micromechatronic
systems.  I am particularly interested in using these tools for the
development of biomsdical devices. Another exciting part of my
research is biomimetic robotics, in which the design of machines
is inspired by biological systems which are adapted to similar tasks
or environmsnts (e.g., a centimetre-scale robot achieving flight
using flapping wings, like biological insects)." The Big Squeeze:
Digital Multimedia Sends the Most Using the Least
► Interactive Multimedia
Video Broadcasting
and Streaming
► Digital Video Security
the error resilience of the
overall system and reducing
the decoding complexity for
Panos Nasiopoulos directs research in the
Midnet lab, an important funding source
for this ICICS member, where researchers
work to enable rich msdia transmission and
interactivity using new wireless networks
and high definition television broadcasting
systems. "Two big challenges when
transmitting multimedia information
include bandwidth fluctuation across
wireless networks and processing power
on receiver units," says Nasiopoulos.
"Another challenge is how to protect
digital media from piracy. These are the
problems we are working on in the
Digital Multimedia Lab at ECE."
Digital Video for Wireless Communications
e professor at the
department of Electrical and Computer
Engineering, Nasiopoulos refines algorithms to make transmission of large
of video, audio and graphic
i possible across third generation
(3G) wireless networks. Random fluctuations in the available bandwidth per user
present the primary challenge to video
transmission over wireless networks. In
addition, the size and cost limitations of
low-end processors embedded in mobile
units severely limits the complexity of
decoder algorithms.
"Our research centres on the emerging
video coding standard, H.264," says
Nasiopoulos. The H.264 codec enables
delivery of Internet Protocol-based
broadcast-quality video at data rates of
less than 1 Mbit/second. The lab is
developing techniques that enable H.264
to adapt to the instability of network
bandwidth, with the goal of adjusting
video quality in real time, increasing
Viewer-controlled TV Programming
Interactive television (ITV)
changes the way TV viewers experience
en terrain msnt, by giving them the ability t<
control programming content. Today, ITV
refers to technologies that integrate the
world wide web with television programs.
A web page is displayed beside the video
on the TV screen, which provides further
information or graphic enl
This technology is limited
not allow users to actually
control a show's video
or audio content. ICICS
Digital Multimsdia researchers
have developed services for ITV
that provide DVD-like interactivity for viewers, allowing them
actually control the visual content
f the TV program.
"We're looking for msthods which
add the extra video and audio streams
containing interactive content to the
transmission lines of digital TV systems
without increasing bandwidth or degrading
the quality of the main video and audio
streams," says Nasiopoulos.
Continued on page 9
Panos Nasiopoulos is a busy
man; he also directs the
Master of Software Systems
tlCS, a program Following the Flow
Sheldon Green develops new instrumentation to measure subtle interactions
in fluid mechanics and aerodynamics.
► Fluid Mechanics
► Pulp Fibres, Fibre Mats
► Papermaking
Last summer, Sheldon Green undertook
a kayaking expedition to Alaska, where
he paddled more than 700 nautical miles
in two months. A kayak is a responsive,
sensitive boat—a fitting craft for Green,
who develops finely-tuned ii
that can measure subtle ii
fluid mschanics and aerodynamics.
Green, an ICICS member and professor of Mechanical Engineering, is currently
interested in improving the instrumsnts
used in pulp and paper making. He
and graduate student Tze Bun Wong are
pursuing the holy grail of industrial
papermaking: a device that accurately
treasures and separates fine, high-value
pulp fibres from their coarser, lower-
Measuring High-Speed Fibre Flows
Knowing how wood fibres of differing
quality behave in the hydrocyclone—
a critical component of papermaking
machines where wood fibres are separated—could lead to improvements both in
how the fibres are used and in the ways
the machines are designed and operated.
Fine "earlywood" fibres, for example, could
be streamsd into paper production, while
coarser "latewood" fibres could be used
for fibreboard.
"We have developed the
first device capable of
measuring the hydrodynamic
characteristics of individual
pulp fibres."
Another papermaking
that Green is working on
characteristics of fibre mats, created
the early stages of the paper making
process. The manufacturing process
of this initial form of paper—which
involves spraying watery fibre pulp
between two porous "forming fabric:
and then squeezing out the water
takes a tenth of a second. Green
and co-op students Willa
Duplantis and Larry Li
have built a bench-
scaled device that
simulates the
nearly instant
formation of a fibre mat in a papermachine.
With this instrument they can observe and
measure the movement of water and the
formation of mats at the sams operating
speeds as most modern papermaking
machines— speeds too high for most existing measuring devices. "An early prototype
of the instrumsnt has now been modified
to simulate the pulp shearing that occurs in
real papermachines. It is as
close to real life as one can
achieve without replicating the entire forming section of a paper-
machine," says Green.
Continued on page 9 ►   Mirabbasi: Continued from page 3
The Limits of CMOS
Designing mixed-signal chips for
wireless and wireline communications with
robust performance at high frequencies is
a key aspect of Mirabbasi's work. As a
cost-effective technology for integrated
circuits, CMOS is used for a variety of
applications, such as wireline or wireless
communications. However, the demand
for faster data rates is pushing ICs to
operate at higher frequencies.
"We are trying to see how far we can
improve the performance of mixed-signal
circuits implemented in standard digital
CMOS technology, without having to add
costly analog fabrication options," says
Mirabbasi. "Eventually, CMOS will be
unable to function as we move to higher
and higher operating frequencies." He is
looking at other technologies, such as silicon
germanium, but notes the difficulty in
replacing a technology that is already
entrenched in the marketplace.
"You don't want to implant
something inside the body
that consumes excessive power,
This not only shortens battery
life, but also causes the
implant to heat up."
Shahriar Mirabbasi can be contacted at
604-827-5218 or shahriar@ece.ubc.ca
>   Nasiopou      Continued from page 7
Protecting Content Against Piracy
Unfortunately, the ease with which end
users can produce digital copies, which
maintain the perfect quality of the original,
has becoms a serious piracy issue for
multimsdia content developers and a
growing concern forTV broadcasters.
Digital video watermarking uses the
inherent properties of digital images, with
the limitations of human vision, to insert
invisible data into digital video to provide
copyright protection. The watermark
tracks pirated copies, prevents illegal copying
and authenticates digital data. In the multi-
msdia lab, Nasiopoulos and others are developing real-tims video watermarking solutions for DVD and digital TV applications,
by taking advantage of soms of the inherent
features of the MPEG-2 and H.264 video
compression standards. This includes
motion compensation between consecutive
framss and distribution properties of frequency coefficients, to create watermarks in
areas imperceptible to the human eye.
Nasiopoulos' vision is to establish the
Midnet lab as the neutral ground upon
which discussions can be held among
major corporations and researchers
to set world standards in multimedia
See the Master of Software Syste:
Panos Nasiopoulos can be contacted at
604-822-2646 or panos@ece.ubc.ca
►    Green: Continued from page 8
Measuring Drag to Improve a
Athlete's Speed
Green is also ii
ssted ii
a improving
a used in aerodynamics;
specifically, he is working on a new force
balance for use in wind tunnels. Nike
Canada recently used the instrument to
deteimine the drag of different fabrics on
athletic performance in a series of wind
tunnel tests.
Olympic skeleton racers have also used
the balance to reduce their drag—and
e their speed during runs.
Collaboration with ICICS members
is an important elemsnt of Green's work, a;
evidenced by the number and breadth of
projects he is involved in.
He is working with Carl Ollivier-
Gooch (ME) to measure the subtle
performance characteristics of the ducted
tip propeller, with Gary Schajer (ME) and
Roland Stull (Atmospheric Sciences) to
develop new meteorological instrumentation, with James Olson (ME) to studv
papermachine forming fabrics, and w   h
Ian Frigaard (ME) to examine the non-
Newtonian flows of oil-drilling muds.
Currently, Green is on sabbatical
at Monash University in Melbourne,
Australia, where he pursues his papermak
t the
university's renowned Australian Pulp
and Paper Institute. He returns in June,
when he will perhaps have rims again to
launch his kayak into the waters of the
Pacific Northwest.
Sheldon Green can be contacted at
604-822-5562 or green® meth.ube.ca Passing Notes:
Provincial Government f unds"Doubling the
Enrollment" (DTO) initiative at UBC
UBC will receive $46 million in provincial funding for
facilities to support students in high-tech programs, specifically
455 new undergraduate spaces in Computer Science and 652
spaces in Electrical and Computer Engineering to be added by
2006/07. The funding will also provide an additional 204
graduate spaces. The physical expansions of ECE and CS will
be in close proximity to the new ICICS building, which is to
be completed as of December 2004.
"Due to the strength of this commitment by the Provincial
Government, we can further our aim of fostering research and
collaboration among the best academics in Canada here at
ICICS," says Rabab MRird, Director of ICICS. 'As information
and telecommunication technologies becoms ubiquitous, the
expansion of the ECE and CS programs will give ICICS a great
boost in the pursuit of cutting edge research into technologies
that serve people and society at large."
Advanced Systems Institute recognizes
outstanding UBC grads
ICICS and the BC Advanced Systems Institute (ASI)
awarded 16 scholarships to UBC Applied Science graduate
students on October 17, 2002. ICICS grad students again did
very well at the ASI exchange on March 11, 2003. The winners
of the ASI Communication Award are Charles Boivin, Iman
Brouwer and Ann Nakashima from ME, and Ashley Gadd,
Dave Tompkins and Amy Yan from ECE.
Killam teachers awards goes to two ICICS members
The prestigious 2003 UBC Killam Teaching Prizes for the
Faculty of Applied Science are to be awarded to ICICS members
Dr. Steve Wilton, associate professor in the departmsnt of
Electrical and Computer Engineering, and Dr. Tony Hodgson,
e professor in the depar
of Mechanical Engineering. ICICS
:ongratulates both Steve and Tony or
I their outstanding teaching and on
being awarded these prestigious prize:
This year's other nominees were
Steve Wilton tit t- Tony Hodgs.
viewed by the committee as outstanding
educators, making its choice of only two prizewinners a
difficult one, and thus all the nominees should be congratulated.
World renowned aerospace engineer
I VinodModidiesFebruary12,2003
Dr. Vinod Modi, professor emsritus of
Mechanical Engineering and long time ICICS
rember, passed away on February 12, 2003.
I Modi joined UBC in 1961; he becams professor
JinodModi    emerims in 1995. Dt Modi's contributi
field of aerospace engineering, aerodynamics, dyn;
ocean based systems and biomschanics
worldwide. His versatility was reflected by research into
areas as diverse as the human heart, offshore oil platforms,
V/STOL airplanes, wind energy, ground vehicle aerodynan
ics, control of the proposed Space Station and mobile
robotic manipulators. He is the author of more than 500
technical publications on these subjects. Dr. Modi served
as a consultant to a number of industrial and government
agencies, including the United Nations. His contributions
were recognized by thirty awards, won from 1981 to 2002.
He was also an award-winning photographer, once raising
$32,000 in the sale of his photographs for the National
Association of the Blind. He will be very much missed by
friends and colleagues here at ICICS.
•l»OI»OS» Institute for Computing, Information and Cognitive Systems www.icics.ubc.ca
UBC's Institute for Computing, Information and Cognitive Systems (ICICS) is an umbrella organization
that promotes collaboration between researchers from the faculties of Applied Science, Arts,
Commerce, Dentistry, Education, Forestry, Medicine, Pharmacy, and Science. ICICS supports the
collaborative computer-oriented research of more than 120 faculty members and over 500 graduate
students in these faculties. ICICS researchers attract approximately $15 million in annual grants
;. Their work will have a positive impact on us all in the future.
Return Address:
ICICS, University of British Columbia
289-2366 Main Mall, Vancouver, BQV6T1Z4
Writers:    Mari-Louise Rowley,
Pro-Textual Comi
Heather Drugge,GO Comi
William Knight, Wilyum Creative
Design:   Jarret Kusick, Hitman Creative Media Inc.
Photos:   Janis Franklin, UBC Media Group
Greg Morton, UBC Media Group
Editor:    Kirsty Barclay, ICICS Technical &
Programs Writing Advisor
Office:    University of British Columbia
289-2366 Main Mall
Vancouver,BC, Canada, V6T 1Z4
Tel:    (604) 822-6894
Fax:    (604)822-9013
E-mail:    info@icics.ubc.ca


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