UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Biblos 1968-07

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Herewith the last issue of the current Biblos year.  With the
next issue there will appear before you a new panel of enthusiastic writers of news, stories, gossip and funny patter - along
with a couple of hang-overs from the present staff - for continuities sake.
So-from our editor, Mrs, Helen Constable, who we congratulate
this month for her production of a baby boy (8 lbs, ?oz„) in
lieu of Biblos, and from Shannon Mcjannet, Martina Cipolli,
Pat McCalib, Lynda Moss, Lynda Putnam, Bob Tudge and yours truly
Pat LaVac, we say thanks for a good year,
Thanks also to our illustrators, Di Cooper, Dianna Colquhoun and
Suzanne Dodson, our photographer par excellence, Carol Freeman,
and those hardworking typists in the "Front Office" who always
find time for the Biblos, Lynne, Pat, Maureen and Phoebe,
And thanks to all those independent contributors who have been
pushed, prodded or otherwise cheerfully answered to the call of
"an article pi ease,"
And now dear staff for all our sakes
Do keep an eye on those coffee breaks
Who needs a clock for goodness sakes? We say goodbye to
Judy Schmal1
Colleen Copi thorne
Lorraine Morrison
Barbara Hul1 quest
Sue Buchanan
Susan Statham
Brian Shore
Harvey Christiansen
jane Pierson
Judy Inouye
Lorraine Morrison
Ann Diano
Helen Derewenko
Rick Crowe
Barbara Williamson
Loree Rose
Jean Law
Nuola O'Shea
Br igitte Wi1lemson
Letitia Goldstrom
James Thomas
Kathy Kujundzic
Phoebe Nahanni
Judy Sangha
Jean Ba ily
Barbara Kristel
Larry Campbel1
Dawn Anderson
A Warm Welcome to -
Gillian Stoneman
Valerie Roddick
Heather Jones
Christine Mitchel1
Huberdina Van Elst
Cathy Batten
Louise Hazel
1 1
Government P
ublicat ions
1 1 1
. Op.
Systems Development
1 1 1
Government P
1 1 1
Systems Deve
k 1
Acquis itions
k Att,
C i rculation
Human 1 ties
1 1 1
! 1 i
1 1
Sedgewick Li
C i rculation
1 1 I
1 1 1
Catalogu ing
Catalogui ng
k 1 1
Acquis i tions
k Att,
C i rculation
1 1
1 1
C i rculation
Preb i ndery
Special Col 1
1 1
1 1 1
Sc ience
1 1
C i rculation
1 1 1
Catalogu ing
C i rculation Welcome to (continued)
Ingeborg Fleet
1 1
Marg. Haire
Irene Everest
1 1
Jane Johnson
Marlene Hamakawa
Maria Ussner
Jane Shinn
Karol Parsons
Diana Brown
Vivian Reid
Petale McCarthy
1 1
Gina Sen
Vera Wall
Steven Slavik
1 1
Courtney Palsson
1 1
Judy Mi tchel1
Gladys Hart
Brigitte Gassman
Paul Rodgers
Dennis McElhatton
Francisca Schmal
Carol Washburn
1 1
Congratulations to
C i rculation
Gov. Pubs,
Gov. Pubs,
C i rculation
Bertha Kleinhenn
1 1
to L.A,I11
Monica James
1 1 1
to L.A.IV
C i rculation
Hi Ida van .den
to L.A.11
Sco, Work
Pat Bolton
to L.A.Ill
Pat Heaslip
to Clerk 11
C i rculation
Kathy Watt
to L.A, I 1
C i rculation
Fred Wong
to Stack Att,
Sonja Gniham
to L.A, 1 I
Shirley Boucha
to Flex.Op,
Cataloguing Congratulations to   (cont)
Deanna Moore
1 to L.A, 11
joy McKinnon
1 to L.A. 1I
Sally Dorward
I to L.A. 11
Janice Cundal
1 to L.A. 11
k Att. - Stac
Paul Deglau
c Sup Circulation
Dorothy Frigon
1 to L.A, 11      Cataloguing
Lynda Putnam
11 to L.A. 111
Ardele Bruce
1 to L.A. i1
Glenda Craig
1 - L.A. 11
C irculat ion
Bernard Olson
11 - Clk, 111
Julie Abel
1 11 - L.A. IV
Congratulations to Helen Derewenko of the Science Department
who has received a five year Music Scholarship to Moscow I
University, where she will be studying Music, Russian Language
and Literature,  She will be living at the university residence
and will have the opportunity to visit with .relatives in the
after all those staff changes a timely quote ,,,,.
"Fathers and brethren! Wherever you find mistakes
of copying or incomplete statements, read, correct,
but for God's sake do not complain, "
Manuscript from
Nestor's Chronicles, ca,1074A,D, The Canadian Library Association Conference in Jasper
attracted many participants from the U.B.C. Library,
Two views of the procedures are reported herewith; -
Despite my best efforts in practicing "Z'ds, chesterfield, and
holidays" (for 'JZ's, sofa, and vacations") and scattering "u's"
about In various words, I have been asked to give an American's
reaction to CLA.
Accustomed to various state level library associations and to
ALA, CLA is a new and different experience.  Comparable in size
to the former, but in calibre to the latter, it combines the
advantages while avoiding the major shortcomings of both.  The
smaller size allows groups to function and have meaningful
discussions, and there is not the maze of conflicting meetings
one finds at ALA.  The representation from across the country
and from several major Institutions prevents the big-frog-in
small-puddle complex which so often afflicts the state university librarian at state meets.
For the university librarian the proportion of academic librarians
to public and school librarians is a distinct boom and in sharp
contrast to American groups.
The huge ALA could not have met in the beautiful Jasper setting,
but then we were removed from any major library, theatre, or
restaurant center,  (The paper place mats at Japser's only
American Express eatery informed us that atop the skyride "the
world lays (sic) at your feet." The food wasn't Very good either.)
The feature of the conference which most struck me, used to the
rough and tumble of American meetings, was the understatedness
of the presentation of points of view (except for me of course).
If a State Librarian arose at a meeting and announced the revision
of the State Library Law without Its first having been discussed
with the profession, howls of anguish would have greeted him
from the floor.
One feature of the conference different from previous CLA's
and comparable to ALA institutes was the morning study programme. Making this a part of, rather than a preliminary to, the conference brought substance into the conference itself. The study
sessions were somewhat like the VW bus - underpowered for that
which they were supposed to accomplish.
From the librarian's point of view those leading the sessions on
work study knew almost nothing of librarianship and saw it as
clerical functions to which their methods of analysis could be
applied.  From the work-study people's point of view, the librarians were defensive of their professionalism and failed to see
the simularity between work performed in libraries and work
performed in offices and factories. The sessions were worthwhile efforts at inter-professional communication,  (l was going
to say cross-professional fertilization but that makes it sound
like Masters and Johnson,)
If there are..pleasuanter spots for a conference than Japser
(e.g. Jamaica), CLA hasn't yet discovered them. Mountain air,
rather than "mountain dev^",brought more librarians out during
daylight hours than usual - although the schedule called for
evening sessions, afternoons were generally free for hiking,
bird-watching, swimming and golf.
Perhaps the meetings had more substance to them than one normally
expects at conferences, A group including BSS and Bill Watson
met for three days to discuss techniques in surveying libraries
with Ellsworth Mason and George Piternick.  Extremely favorable
comment was overheard from some of the participants, A second
and more widely attended study session was held on work-study
techniques. Methods used in business and industry for studying
performance and procedures were introduced, and the confrontation
between librarians and the business-oriented instructors was
worth watching. An alternate program "People, machines and
motivation" dealt with more conventional library problems.
The General Meeting offered its share of drama, since resolutions
relating to the recent appointment of the National Librarian and
to the "bi-lingual" role of CLA were presented and discussed.
With near unanimity, the Meeting agreed to change CLA's name, dropping the "Association Canadienne des Bib 1iotheques" from
its title and giving formal recognition to the Association
Canadienne des Bib1iothecai res de Langue Francaise as the
national library association for French language librarians in
Canada.  As a result of the vote, prospects for co-operation
between the two associations are now much better.
The possibility of holding conferences every two years, with
regional meetings and smaller meetings in the alternate years
was brought up and again will be studied by a CLA committee.
A Canadian Inter-library Loan Code and Telecommunications Code
were accepted by the delegates.
"Xerox Corporation. How do you
do and how do you do and how do
you do again?" 8
Attention friends of .Elisabeth Juppl.
Elisabeth Jupp, previously of Woodward Library, Is arriving on
August 15th from Boston where she Is a librarian at Harvard's
Andover Theological ..Seminary Library.
Elisabeth's headquarters during her month-long stay will be at
the home of Mr, and Mrs, Hans Burndorfer on Puget Drive,
A recent issue of the Irish Medical Association Journal V, 61
75. 1968. reporting a particular kind of infestation in Limerick
inspired a brief summary as follows,
Trichuris Tricuria in Limerick
If Trichuris Tricuria makes you.sick
Its eradication should be quick,
And the place to go
To vanquish the foe,
Is the Regional Hospital in Limerick.
Betty McAully.
and if you want to see something of interest in that "long
lunch hour" how about a trip to the Woodward Library where
you may veiw —
When the June 3, 1968 editions of the Journal of the
American Medical Association arrived at the Woodward Library
staff members were pleasantly surprised.  Featured on the cover
was a colourful photograph of the Gobelin Tapestry which hangs
in our own Memorial Room, To accompany the cover photo,
Dr. William C. Gibson of the Department of the History of
Medicine and Science has written-an interesting article on
the Tapestry.  Reprints of Dr. Gibson's article are available
on request, from the Woodward Library. The Tapestry, a 19^8 Gobelin was produced by Monsieur T.
Cochery, then head of the Gobelin house, as a proof for one
commissioned for the Thesis Room of the Sorbonne.  It measures 16 feet by 11 feet and depicts over forty figures
famous in the history of medicine and science.  Among those
depicted are Michael Farady, Louis Pasteur, Rene Descartes,
Edward Jenner and Benjamin Franklin.
Gobelin tapestries are famous for their own particular style
of weaving.  An interlocking treatment is used which gives a
continuous surface of even weight.  The resultant effect
closely approximates that of a painting and is highly prized
because of the subtly of shading and attention to detail.
These characteristics are distincly shown in the Woodward
tapestry which is very brightly coloured.  The glowing red
tones are especially evident.
The tapestry was presented to the Memorial Room as a gift by
the Mr. and Mrs. P.A. Woodward Foundation and is a distinguished addition to the Library.
Lynda Moss R.B.C.  What art thou !!!!!!
It has come to our attention via the grapevine that many new
- and possibly not so new - members of the staff do not know
where or what R.B.C. is, R.B.C. being short for Reserve Book
Room. We are on the third floor, hiding behind the Colonial
Shutters just inside the North entrance and having as our
closest neighbor the Fine Arts Department.
We owe our recent publicity to the fact that if you happen to
be feeling a bit under the weather you can come and visit with
us long enough to sign your name in a little green book and
be handed a key which will give you access to the peace and
quiet of the "Sick Bay".  However the Reserve Book Rooms' primary function is to handle a collection consisting mainly of
titles available for short term loan periods.  The titles are,
requested by professors and are supposedly the one which will
be in heavy demand during term or session.  These loan periods
are anywhere from 2 hours to 3 days and theoretically allow
for more students to borrow, however briefly, the readings
required for their courses.
During term it does get a little hectic especially as fines
mount up very speedily at 25 cents an hour.  However the
shuttered office of the R.B.C. has provided a great many
laughs for its seven charming staff members.  When the shutters are closed students do not realise that intimate conversations on the other side can sometimes be heard with embarrassing clarity and when the shutters are open students constantly poke their heads through the windows to ask, time, directions, or "can I borrow Handbook of Personnel Management on
Thursday please" and of course the occasional reference question.
So if you too feel an urge to pop your head through the
shutters on the third floor front, North side, next to Fine
Arts, we will be happy to say hullo!   don't wait until you
need that certain key.
freely adapted from notes by Judy Cardin. M.
and in the "DID YOU KNOW?" department
That there is a collection in the library of approximately
500 books on the subject of Fly Fishing, or to be more precise.
"The Harry Hawthorne Foundation for the Inculcation and Propagation of the Principles and Ethics of Fly-Fishing".
This collection is scattered through out
the main collection and is presently being bibliographed by Miss Susan Starkman
a recent graduate from the U„B,C, Library
The books for the collection have been
acquired by means of cash donations,
money collected from the levying of
fines on the members of the foundation
and outright gifts of books, A recent
acquisition has been the Tommy Brayshaw
collection which was willed to the
Foundation, Mr, Brayshaw himself an
ardent angler was a school teacher at
Vernon for many years.  He was also a
noted wood carver and illustrator.
Many of his illustrations appeared in
Western Angler and in the books of Mr,
Haig-Brown.  The collection is composed of approximately 285 books plus
many periodicals, illustrations and
Mr, Brayshaw's fishing diary.
For the last 10 years the annual "Fish
In" of the Foundation has been held at
Pennask Lake mainly due to the co-operation of Dr, Leon Ladner, who is now
an honorary member of this exclusive
body. And if that name sounds famrliar
it should as Dr, Ladner is also responsible for the Campus Campanile now rising
in our midst.
The Foundling Fathers of this unparalled
collection were Messrs, Hawthorne, Read, Weaver, Duff, Harlow,
Haig-Brown and MacKenzie, but let one of their number tell
you more on the beginnings. 12
History Enough of the
Harry Hawthorne Foundation for the Inculcation and
Propagation of the Principles and Ethics of Fly-Fishing
(Trial edition, by an Eyewitness.)
In the Beginning, Hardly a document is now at large which bears
upon the origins of this singular society.  No one can deny,
however (correct me in a footnote if I'm wrong) that in May 1953,
hard upon the University's Spring Congregation a band of fleeing
academics made their frugal way in somebody's Chrysler Imperial
to an island off the coast of Point Grey,  Reaching the shores
and irked at coming to land so soon, they turned still westward
up a river until it broadened into a
bonnie loch called Upper Campbell,
combination suggesting nothing if
not scotch and water,  where they
tarried.  Mark you, now this
mixed bag of guileless fishermen from New Zealand, Dalhousie,
McGill, California and Toronto,
how they quickly fell into a
compromising situation but
by blunt application of
truth, beauty, and reason,
squeaked out of it,
The Setting,  This lovely lake
looked out upon a lot of half
burned trees and luxurious
lodge all festooned with flimsy fishpoles.
The R is ing,  A little later the selfsame lodge,
well laden with rye and Scotchmen, surveyed an evening lake alive with lumpen fishermen, Who caught the first
fish? "I", said Generous Geoffrey, "No, I," cried Studious Stanley, and there was no truth in any of them.  And who landed the
longest fish? "Not Rod," said Duff quite devilishly;  "with my
rod," he said instead,  Pray who got the largest number? "None
other," claimed Honest Harry who had a handful of helpers.  And
they played poker until the rum ran out. 13
Quick Solution to a Nasty Problem.  After night after night
came the great reckoning - gaming gamblers, larcenous lawyers,
lying laymen, bickering fishermen, malevolent magistrates all
in a row or row. First, largest and most numerous? Let the
Court speak up and he did,  "On this Foundation do I set my
seal, and the gates of hell shall hardly hold a candle to it."
And he said let there be books on fly-fishing,  And here they
are. 14
The day is here,
The toil is done,
Let's give a cheer,
For everyone,
Who sorted, filed and sometimes swore,
To end confusion in the drawer.
During the past year several things have happened to the Public
Card Catalogue of the Library:
1)  It has been divided. The catalogue is now in three parts,
1) An Author-Title File
2) A Subject File
3) A classed Location File
II)  It has been enlarged,
1) The holdings of the Sedgewick Library have been
included in all three files,
2) The holdings of periodicals in all locations have
been included in the Location File,
3) The Music Library and materials in Fine Arts not
classed in N have been included in the Location File.
k)   For new titles going into the Location File because of
a copy in a branch or division:  additional copies in
stacks, N (Fine Arts), or a "half mast" location
(Asian Studies, Juvenile Collection, Law Library,
Special Collections) are ticked.
N.B,  Titles with copies only in stacks or a half mast
location or N are still not in the Location File,
("Half mast" refers to the name of the collection half
way down the left edge of the card,)
III)  It has been refiled,
1) In the Author-Title File, all entries under a man's name
are interfiled by title whether he is the author, joint
author, editor, etc,
2) In the subject file, all subject entries are filed be
hind a guide card for that entry.  New cards have the
subject entry ticked in red in the tracing rather than
typed.  Divisions of subject entries are interfiled
alphabetically whether they are dash (- ) or comma
(, ).  These are followed by chronological divisions. 15
IV)  It is expanding.  The catalogue is growing at thousands
of cards per month.
1) The subject and location files have been expanded to
accommodate these cards.
2) The author-title file has spilled over into a few ex
tra drawers before its scheduled expansion next summer, in the form of an experimental Canada and U.S.
Author catalogue.
V)  The catalogues of the major branches have followed suit.
1) Most branches catalogues are now divided, refiled,
and with new subject guides.
2) The Woodward Biomedical Library's experimental filing
of cards within subject by date of publication (latest first) has been termed a success and extended to
Sedgewick Undergraduate Library.
"You will please address me as 'Librarian,' Sir—/ am not a
'Bookie'!"* 16
and our Roving Reporter has found the facts Ma'am (Man),
the facts, on that concrete edifice across the way 	
From September on one will be able to take refuge from the
'mists of mellow fruitfulness' in the new Student Union
Building, most considerately being erected behind our Library.
Sixteen months of intensive construction is resulting in a
$5 million, 3-storey structure of 190,000 square fee, with
an area of 6,000 square feet for future expansion. Though
ostensively for student use, library personnel are welcome
to enjoy all the varied amenities and facilities.
Situated on the ground floor are a bank, barber and college
shop, rest-rooms, and games area. Those favourably endowed
can dispense energy between table tennis, 5-pin bowling and
bill iards.
The main floor, housing cultural activities and food services contains eight committee and meeting rooms, which
can be hired for private dining, a cafeteria and snack bar
capable of serving 4,000 per sitting, two music lounges,
complete with head-sets, TV lounge, reading lounge and a
small library.  Alongside a 420 seat auditorium is a 2-level
art gallery with conversation lounge extending from the lower level.
The upper floor contains student activity areas, further
meeting rooms with adjoining kitchenettes, club-rooms, a
large ballroom with raised stage and, adjacent to a spacious
courtyard, two party rooms.
Should future lunch hours be unintentionally prolonged, I
hope understanding will prevail.
Marti na C i pol1i 17
From the outer spaces of Vancouver Island a communication has
been received from our erstwhile colleague "RJL".  By way of
explanation of the first paragraph this communication is in the
form of a "Thanks for your Hospitality" card expressing the
You made things so. pleasant
The moments just ffjtew
Thanks for that wonderful visit with you.
To my colleagues of these forty years -
If that was a "visit" what would a stay be? Your
"hospitality" is, rather, your forbearance and good tempers,
I am fortunate in making the double change, for it
would be unsettling at the old house to get up on Monday,
Tuesday, Wednesday to the daily breaking of a long habit.
Certainly moving and re-settling are experiences drastic enough
to take one's mind off other things.  If you must move do it
often enough that you won't accumulate.
i am fortunate also (one could use a harsher word) in
being the recipient of two handouts, A second time, many -
thanks. The first gift is a very pragmatic one,  I am making
a list for the first trip to Nanalmo - shortly, we are still
busy finding and placing this and that - starting with pickaxe
(the ground here is something') work boots with steel toecaps,
steer manure (very powdery; when applying you steer clear) and
so on and so on.  Even at todays prices ! shall accumulate many
useful - mostly permanent ■= articles (This Is the last move.)
The place here - 1 mile south of Ladysmith, just above
the Island Highway ■= is easy to recognize.  It is the smallest
house in the area, with the littlest car.  It Is conspicuous
in having no power-boat; It has the fewest dogs (none) and for
the time being is the most unkempt (It was rented for about a
year, and has been vacant for three months - It is uncompre-
henslble how much soil can so over produce a mass of weeds and
bushes.  Thistles! - Scotch and Canadian.  A compensation is
the wild blackberry, now ready to pick,  St can stop being
ashamed only In the matter of view. I went to the et-laryng (etc)-ist shortly before I
left, he said "Hum, hum, I'm tempted to try another operation.
Here's a new one - Hm (nod) Hm (nod and long pause)  How old
are you?  I told him, - quickly, "Oh; forget it.  Your hearing
will last out your life time".  I wondered as I walked away
if I could ask to be re-instated.  Why did | quit work, if,
to a doctor, I am younger than my actual years?  Then slowly
I realized that he was thinking of my physical condition.
So I'm gone and I can't tell you how much I'm going to miss
all of the reference books.
More Correspondence	
To the Health and Welfare of Sick Books Department
(A plaintive letter received in Circulation from a concerned
Dear Sirs,
... I think you will find that I returned the book
some time ago ... If I recall correctly, this book was
approximately a hundred years old, and I noted on using
it that the spine had become seriously weakened (Well
wouldn't yours be,too)  Therefore, when I returned it I
trussed it up with cardboard and string and put a note with
it concerning its condition.
Yours truly.
(With a description like that the "injured" volume was
found almost immediately) 19
Or Night In a Buddhist Monastery
^V 20
Or a Night in a Buddhist Monastery,
When I was first asked to write something of my visit
to Japan I was appalled at the thought of trying to fit such
a multitude of confused impressions into a few pages of
orderly typescript,  On second thought, however, I decided to
try to give merely the flavour of two days spent In a Buddhist
centre not frequently visited by foreigners.
Some of us had spent the previous day hiking across the
mountain range above Amami and from there a local train took
us to join the express by which we travelled through winding
gorges deeper Into the mountains lying southward from Osaka,
These valleys, unbelievably true to Japanese landscape paintings, were quite beautiful, being clothed with a wonderful
variety of fresh greens including the dark of pines and palms
side by side with the yellow of bamboos and camphor trees.
Finally, at Hashimoto, we left the express and continued by
cable railway to the strains of tinkling Strauss waltzes,
(probably copied from the European model along with the
idea for the fanicular itself).  Our journey ended on the
mountain top at Koyasan which lies in a bowl surrounded by
eight hills, each representing a Buddha,
Koyasan is the religious centre of the orthodox Shingon
sect whose founder was Kobo Daishl and for some 1,000 years
pilgrims have been coming to do homage to the man who discovered this place while searching for a refuge where he
could establish a centre from which to spread the teachings
.of Shingon.  Here, 3,000 feet above sea level, amid thick
forests of pine, fir and cryptomeria (a cedar-like tree)
Kobo Daishi and his disciples began, to build the temples
which increased till, at one time, they numbered many hundreds,
though now there are just over a hundred left, time and fire
having taken heavy toll of the old wooden structures,  And,
in fact, many of the existing buildings have been burned down
and rebuilt several times throughout their long history.
In addition to the Great Pagoda, the Kongobuji, and the 21
many other temples and towers remaining, there are some fifty-
four monasteries which have rooms reserved for the pilgrims
who visit Koyasan, and it was to one of these monasteries,
the SHinn ion""Temple, that we made our way upon arrival in the
little town that has grown up to cater to the needs of the
temples and their visitors.
 At the temple we rejoined the rest of the UBC group which
had journeyed ahead of us from Osaka, and slipperless, we
entered the large, bare, tatami-floored room which was to serve
as dining room and meeting place during our stay in the temple.
Seated on the floor in a variety of postures, our unaccustomed
legs finding the traditional kneeling position of the Japanese
too demanding'to maintain for long, we were served the green
tea and little cakes which customari'ly greet the visitor
whether in private home or inn,
 ^Theri we were shown our sleeping quarters. From five to
eight people were allotted to each room depending on the
number of bed mats it was possible to lay out side by side
across the floor, the rooms themselves being really the part-
tioned-off sections of a very large sleeping area. This
division of larger areas into smaller led to some unexpected
results as, for instance, when the light switch was on one
slderOf the partition with the ladies and the light on the
other with the men, who went to bed in the dark and then spent
the night bathed in a mysterious light which seemed to come on
by Itself,  However no bed mats nor problems were evident on
our arrival for the room appeared very similar to, though
simpler than, those we had occupied elsewhere. There were half-
a-dozen clothes hooks neon the^siiding paper panel which served
as a door, a low table and cushions in the centre of the floor
and an attractive flower arrangement under the scroll on one
wal 1 .
Immediately outside on a verandah facing into a small
garden was a wooden trough into which mountain spring water was
piped.  Small wooden basins and ladles completed the toilet
arrangements for the room.  For more elaborate bathing there
was one bath, only big enough to accommodate four people at a
time, two soaping, two soaking. As a result we had to bathe to
a schedule, reducing drastically the opportunities for socializing which a long, hot luxurious immersion seems to foster. 22
Since our hosts belonged to the strictest, most orthodox
of the Buddhist sects the food prepared for us was entirely
vegetarian, but though the ingredients may have been humble
there was nothing simple about the meals which included just
as many surprising, delightful , and not so delightful dishes
as elsewhere.  Never, indeed, did I expect to eat cold spinach at breakfast and to enjoy it. What a relief, too, was
the knowledge that at the end of each meal there would be a
tasty vegetable-based soup, not a fishy one. The meals were
served on small individual tables which, loaded, could stack
one above the other indefinitely, it seemed, and thus it was
fortunate that our servitors were hale young monks with a
taste for balancing towers of tables as high as themselves.
On our first afternoon in Koyasan we visited some of the
main temples and shrines, ending with a visit to :the cemetery which must be unique.  For a mile and a half through
a forestof great cryptomerias and pines extends an avenue
on each side of which are tombs and memorial stones. These
monuments are of all kinds, large and small, simple and ornate, in the form of slabs, shafts, pillars and pagodas, all
topped by rows of small pebbles thrown therje  by pilgrims for
good luck.  Near the end of the avenue stand seven bronze
Buddhas to whom wooden tablets bearing the names of the dead
are offered, at the same time as a ladfheful of water is .
thrown over one or  all of the gods, whose service to the dead
improves the wetter they are kept.  The pilgrimage ends at
the Torodo which stands at the head of the long avenue --
a simple building in the Japanese style, containing many
lamps burning in memory of the dead.  Behind it in the centre
of some minor shrines is the tomb of Kobo Daishi, before
which the pilgrims make their prayers. After dinner and a
seminar on Zen Buddhism we retired to our rooms to find the
entire floor now occupied by our bed mats, andj thanks to
a typical Japanese thoughtful ness, nestHng under each quilt
a hot bottle filled with glowing charcoal which remained
warm and conforting the entire night - or almost the entire
night, for we woke at five in order to attend prayers half
an hour later.  The service took place in a rather small
chapel in front of a statue of the Law-giver and while the
priests in the inner sanctum chanted the appropriate
part of the Sutra, we, in the §nT-e-room, took turns to burn 23
incense, led by a monk who studiously counted his beads as we
each approached the pot, knelt and added our three pinches of
After the service two of us walked upwards through and beyond
the town until we struck one of the trails leading to the ridges
encircling Koyasan,  There we followed part of the trail used
by the old-time priests who rose at midnight and completed a circuit of the eight hills by noon, repeating this nocturnal pilgrimage for a thousand times.  They claim that up there all a
man's troubles are cleared away by the breeze that blows over
Koya's peaks; but then I believe that is true of the mountains
in Japan or B.C, so I can't vouch for the particular efficacy
of the Koya winds.
I can say, however, that we descended with considerable regret
when the time came for our departure from the temple and our
good-byes to the monks who had looked after us with great courtesy and thoughtfulness, spiced occasionally with a 1ittle^+farm-
less mischief, which it required no language to convey 24
)pe and population explosion are not the only topics
of conversation amongst the library staff.  The catalogue
explosion is rapidly taking over as the number one concern
with no artificial method of contra-expansion in sight.
Last month the Catalogue Division produced in excess of
13,000 sets of cards!


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