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Biblos Dec 1, 1967

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Array I
VOL. 4, NO, ,2 OF THE UBC LIBRARY STAFF NEWSLETTER   DECEMBER 1967
^ MERRY CHRISTMAS! FRONT OFFICE REPORTS:
BSS and Dr. Coolie Verner completed the manuscript of their book
(800 pages plus) on old maps of Canada, and delivered it to Longmans Canada who hope to publish in November, 1968.
The Annual Report of the Librarian was presented to the Senate on
December 13th, 1967.
Gerry Dobbin has completed the text of the Student Survey.  Hopefully, it will be published in January,
Lois Carrier completed her research project for the University of
Toronto School of Library Science, entitled Undergraduate use of
reserve material in six selected subjects.  It proves that we don't
need reserve books!
Mr, Hamilton has sent in a presentation to the Canada Council,
asking for a considerable grant to improve and develop the research collections.
The Index to the Downs Questionnaire will be made available this
month.
The November/December 1967 list of Current Accessions, put out by
Cataloguing Division, is of unprecedented thickness.
f
i!;i.'(;ii
::;-:/ >".
.1.
iji'j__ ,=:-/->,--,
^}\[ ' A.-9j Hip!
"It's about ordinary every-chy tilings,
like sex and thai, but it's so well written
you can't put it down.'" BASIL STUART-STUBBS.
On Cycling through Students.
As my bicycls weaves in and out of them
1 creep up behind and then shout at them.
I could use a bell.
And a hooter as well,
But Isd much rather scare the hell out of them*
Merry Christmas!
Hoiiday fun.
We'd like you to be there
About half past three,
When Santa will hand out
Some gifts from the tree.
So come along Friday
(You'll find it's all true)
As Santa has promised
A smal1 gift for you! To : Mr.  Basil Stuart-Stubbs.
AN   INVITATION TO A PARTY!
The Biblos Committee
Would like you to come,
And help us to celebrate
Hoiiday fun.
We'd like you to be there
About half past three,
When Santa-will hand out
Some gifts from the tree.
So come along Friday
(You'll find it's all true)
As Santa has promised
A small gift for you! A Warm Welcome  to  -
Staff  Changes
Marianne Knapp
Kent Martin
Patricia Humphreys
joy McKinnon
Heather El 1iott
Judy   Inouye
Bruce  Stephenson
Frances Wong
Terri   Bergsma
Flex,   Operator
Systems  Development
L.A.   I
Sedgewick
L.A.   I      •
Ci rcu1 at ion
L.A,   I  --"
Catalogu i ng
L.A.   I      ,
Sedgewick
L.A.   II If
Catalogu ing
Clerk   1   ;
Acqu i si tions
L.A,   I
Law L i b ra ry
L.A.   I      ,
C i rculat ion
Congratulations  to
Ruth  Slater
Luba Kalmakov
Cheryl   Howe
We  say  Good-Bye  to
Donna Maloney
L.A.   I
Linda  Boynton-Lee
L.A.   Ill
Daniel   Kasowitz
Clerk   I
Lydia  Lobach
L.A.   111
Maureen  Biden
L.A,   II
Danae  Chambers
L.A,   1
Leslie  Coutts
L.A.   IV
Wayne  Wiens
L.A.   Ml
Nan  Burroughs
L.A.   IV
Linda Jenkins
L.A,   I
David Clark
L.A.   1
L.A.   I,   Law to  L.A.   II   Prebindery
L.A,   I,   Sedgewick  to  L.A.II   Serials
L.A.   I I,   Woodward  to  L.A.   I I I
Catalogu ing
Woodwa rd
Acqui si t ions
Human it ies
Government   Pubs.
Catalogu ing
Bio-Medical   Branch
Ci rcu1 at ion
Social   Sciences
Woodwa rd
Catalogu ing
A special   congratulations   to  -
Anna  Leith,   who   is our  new Head  of Woodward  Library
and  to
Rein  Brongers,   who  took Anna's  position  as  Head of  Science  Division. 4
MESSAGE FROM THE TRAFFIC DEPARTMENT:' Received by Serials Department
On Her Majesty's Service        CANADA
—  POSTAGE PAID
Service de Sa Majeste        PORT PAYE
24000   CHEVRO-66 J27815*1967
SERIAL 6c63038l7096F
THE UNIVERSITY OF B C
VANCOUVER 8 BC
Would anyone knowing the whereabouts of the above Faculty or Staff
member, please ask him or her to return the Truck Traffic Questionnaire he recently received, as soon as possible.
CLOUDED VISION : .... Cloud Atlas : an artist's view of living cloud,
"Cloud occasionally reveals her particular beauty, and I desire to
chase the beautiful clouds,  I may be only a man who .keeps'towatch
living clouds with my scientific eye, from their b,irth to their
death.  These '.twosupports keep me to study cloudy" : the author
of this book confesses his ambition.
He has made continuous effort for taking pictures of living clouds
during the last thirty years in his life.  His love to clouds manifests in this book; his continuous effort and strong desire, how to
•"eproduce real appearances of clouds, accomplished the publication
of this book.  Not only catching magnificient beauty of clouds but
cornpi]ing scientifically in accordance with the classifications of
clouds in the International Cloud Atlas of World Meteorological
Or9anization is a remarkable characteristic of this book.
ou win see it that this book is a valuable guide to envisage clouds
w'th your scientific eye, on the other hand, you may love living
uds w'th the Ode to Nature, when you have this book. PROGRAMME FOR THE CHRISTMAS PARTY
Sedgewick, 22nd December I967, 2;00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m.
MASTER OF CEREMONIES - Ture Erickson
BAND - Scott Benny and his Trio,
2:00 p.m.
2:30
3:00
3:30
4:00
4:30
5:00
Reception Line 1 Santa Claus
Santa's Helpers
General gathering : greet Santa, collect
your balloon, enter your name for the
Bran Tub Draw, eat, drink and chat.
Carol singing, led by the Library Choir,
leader John Johnson,  Get your song-sheet
from Santa and sing along.
Dancing : modern dancing, hokey pokey, congo
line, bunny hop, waltzes, spot dances.
The Great Gift Giving; The Master of Ceremonies and Santa Claus will make presentations
to the Administration Division.
Carol Singing, led by the Library Choir,  A
different selection from the previous session,
so if you missed your favourites the first
time, come again.
Dancing : modern dancing, your suggestions.
The Band quits!
S^fi^f ^L CATALOGUE QUESTIONNAIRE:
With the division of the public catalogue and the publication of new
ALA filing rules both in the immediate future, the Catalogue Division
was anxious to have information concerning the catalogue user's
approach to that tool,  A search of the published literature on catalogue use studies from 1934 to 1967 as. reported in Library Literature
(made by Ann Craig) reveals that while filing rules have been troublesome for many years no study to ascertain the patron's approach has
been made.  A study was undertaken here with the hope that any consistent pattern of patron use as revealed by the study might well influence our filing rules, or at the very least influence our orientation procedures.
On the basis of the results, there are three major aspects of the
catalogue which must be stressed in introducing the catalogue to Its
users:
1) Filing is word by word, that is, New York before Newark; or as
cataloguers are wont to say: Nothing before Something,
2) The completed works of an author file before the individual works,
3) Cutter numbers are  decimal,
A majority of patrons are not aware of any of these three points!
In all other cases the new UBC filing rules (and ALA rules insofar as
we know them through correspondence with the editors) will reflect
patron expectation as revealed in the study and in many instances
will be a change from present filing practice:
1. The majority know that initial articles, including Frence ones,
are ignored in fi1ing.
2. The majority of users are not aware of umlauts; they look for
Muller among the Mullers.  (All diacritical marking will be ignored under the new rules).
3. Most users look for names with prefixes as though they were one
word, whether or not they are so written.
4. A majority of users look for compound surnames interfiled with
titles rather than immediately after the first part used as a
simple surname. 7
5, The majority expect each letter of an initial heading to be
filed as a separate word; i.e. IBM comes after "I am a
and before "I beat the system".
6, Most users file hyphenated words with a prefix (e.g., electro-
magnetism) as one word, regardless of how it is written,
7, Although compound hyphenated words, such as ground-water, are
considered as two words by the majority, UBC will follow the
new ALA rule which files compound words as one word,
8, The majority look for "labour" as spelled in the heading, rather
than under " 1 abor" ,
9, A large majority look for London, Ont, within the subdivisions
(e.g., London,  Whitehall.) of London, England,  But England
was not included in the London headings given on the questionnaire.  The users appear to consider a straight alphabetic
order first, and would therefore have no difficulties if [England] were included in the London headings,  Only a few res-
ponders noted that they would prefer to have London, Ont, in a
separate file after the entries for London alone, .([England]
will be included on the guides for London entries.)
10, A large majority make no distinction between period (,) and
dash subject sub-divisions.  (They will be interfiled.)
11, Most people look for the author entry first if they know it,
12, A majority (59.6%) look for people as subjects in the subject
catalogue, although a significant percentage would look for
them in the author-titie catalogue,
Mc El rod.
The opening of a newly constructed library in Fort Worth, Texas,
has been long delayed.  A bulletin board at the adjacent shopping
center announced: "This is the first time a whole library is
overdue". CHRISTMAS CUSTOMS
One event in history divides time. The year of Christ's birth is
now thought to be 7 or 5 B.C., the month and day open to speculation, but early in the 3rd Century the Church of Rome devined the
date as 25th of December.
Pagan, Religious and secular customs fused in becoming our Christmas, the ritual of a Bacchanalian December having commenced in
AD 378,  Numerous pagan festivals were practised during the winter
solstice; Marduk, the chief god in ancient Mesopotamia was worshipped for renewing the world at the end of each year, heathen
Rome celebrated Saturnalia, its midst being December 25th, the
day the sun was calculated as being at its lowest ebb, ready to
increase and impart its warmth to growing things. Mithraism,
Persia's sun-worshipping religion and rival to Christianity, held
sacred December 25th.  Norway observed festivals for the god Thor
during Yule, the time of midwinter festivities,
St. Augustine, sent by Pope Gregory in AD 579 to convert the
heathen English, was instructed to adapt the less vicious practices into the Christmas observances, thereby inadvertently insuring survival of pagan customs.  It is probable the Christmas
tree derives from the Druidical worship of oak and mistletoe,
symbolizing hope, peace and good-will, enemies meeting beneath
mistletoe embraced and maintained a truce for one day, hence the
modern privilege, hope, peace and good-wi11 theoretically following.  St. Boniface, in the 8th century, replaced pagan oak with
candled fir-trees, the burning Yule log is the continuation of
bonfires lit as part of sun-worshipping rituals, and the adornment of indoor evergreens was originally winter hospitality to
the spirits who haunted the leafless woods.  Gift-giving was
first associated with the 4th century Dutch saint, St. Nicholas,
who later developed, through German folk-lore, into Santa Claus,
The originators of carols, St. Francis of Assisi and his friars,
composed homely songs in the vernacular on the facts of the
gospels.
In 11th to 17th century England, the days from Christmas Eve to
Twelfth Night were accompanied by such unrestrained 'merrie
making and debauchery' that the Puptan Parliament of 1644 abolished
■t, decreeing 'no observances shall be had of thefive and twentieth day of December, commonly called Christmas Day.'  London congregations found themselves imprisoned for attending church at
Christmas, one such law-breaker was the diarist Evelyn,  The
honour of first observing Christmas in the New World goes to the
French explorer Jacques Cartier in 1535, at what later became
Quebec,  South of the border, the Puritans celebrated their
first Christmas in a manner deemed proper : by working hard and
building 'ye firste hours for comone use'.  Returning to the
Mayflower, they were distressed to find their victuals were 'much
spente, especially our Beere',  A famous New England preacher,
of 17M, denounced his flock from the pulpit for having 'on
Christmas nightte a Frolicke, a revelling Feast and a Balle,
and a Tendency to corrupt yette more'.  This attitude prevailed
until I856 when Boston made Christmas legal.  The Dutch who
settled Manhattan in the l600's brought their own gay customs,
including St. Nicholas.  No council meetings were held in December, being a busy month for celebrating and consuming vast
quantities of 'the doughty doughnut, the tender Oly-koek, and
the crisp and crumbling cruller',
Christmas is not invariably a unifying force, many countries have
opposed certain aspects of our 'western' festivities, including
Spain, who in 1950, banned the use of the English word Christmas
in newspapers, principally because the Catholic clergy consider
Christmas folk customs essentially Protestant,  Hungary followed
Communist 'line' by deriding Santa Claus as a "took of american
capitalist interests'.  A cultural organization in South Africa
denounced Santa as a 'foreign importation unsuited to the ideals
of Afri kanders',
But, whatever customs you observe, whichever you prefer saying -
Noel, Natale, Nadolig, Genethlia, Navidad, Weihnacht, (or, more
correctly, wein-nacht), the meaning is constant -
have a very happy
CHRI   STMAS
Mart ina  C i polli
P.S.     And  a  prosperous  New Year, Five past midnight
No sound to break t
of darkened hal1 an
Where hung the hot
Now shadows crawl I
Around the dim and
Reaching in the mur
For some forgotten
But no one prowls i
sTis night, the 1ib
and all is st i M,
he empty chi11
d shadowy stair,
and fetid air.
n hungry packs
lonely stacks,
ky gloom
soul to doom,
n frantic quest
rary 1ies at rest,
But hark what sounds now fill the falls,
Of dragging steel and soft foot falls,
Is it Marley's ghost of Christmas Lore?
Or maybe the phantoms of Ruddigore.
Perhaps 'tis a being from a Poe nightmare.
Or that miserable spirit of Whiddicombe Fair But stay, what kind of a ghostie is this
No wraith of the night but a substantial miss,    "^
With bonny pink cheeks and hair in a scarf,
Well really, it's one of the housekeeping staff.
Her cart piled high with cleaning equipment
She'll work through the night to fill her commitment
She and her helpers, numbering ten,
Polish and scrub and polish again.
And when the sun rises like tired leprachauns
They vanish to sleep as the library day dawns.
So to Bossman Jim, Chet, Doris and Tom
Two Anna's and Flo, another Jim and John,
Thanks for your efforts to keep our lives bright,
Merry Christmas to all and to all a Good Night.
i
Pat LaVac 12
SHORTAGE OF MANPOWER IN NETHERLANDS LIBRARIES:
Woodward Library
University of British Columbia,
Vancouver 8, B, C,
L i b ra ry,
RIJKS INSTITUTUUT VOOR DE VOLKSGEZOND-
HEID,
Sterrenbos 1 - Utrecht - The
Netherlands.
December 1, 1967
Dear S i r,
We have received your list of duplicate literature.  If stil
available we would like to receive:
JAMA 200 (1967) 6-9
Yours faithfully,
ASS!  LIBRARIAN.
After heavy   rains   in  Sausalito,   Calif,,   the main   street  was   an
unsightly  stretch  of mud   that   had  washed  down   the  cliffs  and
through   some  of  the  shops.     Flanked  by   two  stores  advertising
"Mud  Sales",   the  Tides  Bookstore  displayed  this   sign:   "Dirty   Books'
HQHQHO!
(SORftY, LARYNGIHS) 13
UNIVERSITY OF BRITISH COLUMBIA
LIBRARY
SIZE AND GROWTH OF COLLECTIONS
March 31  Additions  Withdrawals
1966      to       1966/67
March 31/67
Volumes
741,361
103,631
(Partial)
Documents
359,764
65,926
Microfilm  (reels)
6,907
(Partial)
2,671
Microcard   (cards)
15,810
(Partial)
11,951
Microprint   (sheets)
236,130
(Partial)
-
Microfiche  (cards)
12,934
(Partial)
3,314
Maps
Manuscripts
Phonograph  Records
40,285 11,050
410  ft* 27  ft*
8,278 1,691
57
187
October 30
1967
,022,500
460
,690
18;
,448
132
,480
455:
,000
127:
,240
53:
,787
471   ft*
11;
,200
Thickness of fiIes 14
AUTOMATION IN A UNIVERSITY LIBRARY, Part II.
By Basil Stuart-Stubbs
Last month we read how the Semperlax University Library was to be
automated under the strong arm of new President Blockbuster.  Unfortunately for Librarian Lassis and Serials Librarian Miss Anguish,
the job is to be done by experts who know little about the library
and are not about to learn.  But Desmond Keeney, after 6 months in
the Serials Division, is eager for Progress,.,.  Now read, on as
the sinister story unfolds....
Dr. Auflein (Head of the Computing Center) calls Keeney and suggests
they meet with Wiseman for lunch, an invitation which'both flatters
and intimidates Keeney.  He has had little to do with the higher
reaches of academe, and yet he finds himself singled out,  It
troubles him that although he has had a few thoughts about automation and has read a few articles on the subject, he lacks information and experience of a practical kind, and has had no contact
with the actual equipment.  If he visited the Computing Centre now
it would be an admission of ignorance, so he calls on the office of
a computer manufacturer, and there meets one of the most engaging,
knowledgeable and confident men he has ever met, Sidney Allsmiles.
AM smiles produces a few company publications on library applications, and a basic manual on business machines.  He talks convincingly of successful applications with which his company has been
associated.  Keeney is impressed by ..Allsmiles' command of problems
which he had thought were the exclusive property of librarians.
Quickly, Keeney absorbs the principles of data processing and picks
up a little jargon.  By the time he has lunch with Auflein and
Wiseman, he can hold his own.
A moral : the first mission of a good salesman is to sell.
Experts they may be, but experts with a motive.
Another moral : a little knowledge is a dangerous thing.  The
truly knowledgeable man knows what he doesn't know.  The person with a smattering of knowledge can make a lot of trouble
in the area of automation.
Lunch is successful from everyone's point of view, Wiseman wonders
how old Lassis has been smart enough to employ a young man of such
vigour and promise. Auflein is heartened to know that his staff  16
won't have to carry the ball alone. Keeney enjoys the confidence of
these powerful men and feels that he is being given a mission and a
mandate.
It is decided that Wiseman will open discussions with Lassis,  When
Lassis is confronted by the subject, he expresses reluctance to get
into something which has not been fully tested and proven, but in the
end he must submit to pressure from Wiseman or be branded an opponent
of progress. Wiseman then tells Lassis that he has heard that there
is a young man on the staff, Desmond Keeney, who is thoroughly conversant with computers, and could be employed.
To confirm this news, Lassis calls Millicent Anguish, whose reaction
is practically violent.  But by this time Lassis is in no position to
listen to her reservations, because if he ignores Keeney he defies
Wiseman.  Besides, there is no one else. Miss Anguish feels diminished and worse than that, threatened.  Her world is up for destruction.
Another moral : changing conditions arouse the defenses of those
affected. The wily administrator who wants to make changes will
pre-condition his staff.  He can and should help his staff to
become acquainted with the techniques and machinery of automation, by any number of means,  Besides the seminars and institutes
which are being held with greater regularity, he can arrange his
own, drawing upon members of the computing centre staff or representatives from the manufacturers of computers.  There is
plenty of literature, and the best articles can be copies and
di stributed.
Back to our story.  Lassis has been caught napping, and has been placei
in the position of having to automate by three men who don't know libraries, two of whom don't know computers either. Automate he must.
But what?  He has no policy or  programme.  So he must go along with
the Library's self-elected expert, Keeney, but at the cost of damaging staff relations.  So Keeney gets his mandate, and commences to
automate serials.
i-ike a good librarian, he begins by searching the literature, reading
aM the articles and acquiring and digesting a few special reports of
limited circulation.  Then he gets together with Auflein who explains
some of the technical problems.  It is decided they will attempt a
total programme, not just a listing; it will be a complete record
!%eeping system, accounting for current issues, renewals, overdues and binding.  A format for keypunching is settled upon, and a keypunches Marie Tripp, is placed at Keeney's disposal,  Keeney gives Miss
Tripp the serials records for titles A to C,  The information on
these cards is patchy but Keeney doesn't want to waste time improving it or transferring it to work sheets, so he merely edits the old
serials record with a red pencil and lets Marie punch from that.
Moral : The evil man keypunches lives after him. On recording
information for any automated system, one thing that is called
for is definition.  Little errors breed and multiply.
Marie punches away at an impressive rate.  Close to five o'clock
one night she finishes the end of the C file, AM of her cards
are in neat boxes.  The original cards are messy and now superfluous
so she puts them in the wastebasket :from which they are duly collected and destroyed.
Miss Anguish is disturbed by this, but Keeney assures her that
everything will be all right in a few days, so periodicals arriving
in A to C are put to one side.
Meanwhile, Auflein has turned Keeney and the project over to a programmer, Elmer Scopeless, after having made a few notes about the
logic of the program.  Scopeless, up till now, has been engaged in
writing programs relating to animal population studies, using the
only language he knows, FORTRAN,  He doesn't really have time for
Keeney, but Auflein is boss, so he puts together a program for
sorting and listing the periodical entries, just to get the eager
Keeney off his back? and behold!  The first fruits : a list of
periodicals, A to C,V
Unfortunately it doesn't bear scrutiny.  In the first place, much
of the record is gone, since it wasn't keypunched.  In the second
place, the computer doesn't seem to know filing rules, or even
punctuation.  Keeney explains to Miss Anguish that it won't be too
long before the check-in cards will be available, and suggests that
for the time being A to C periodicals, piled up for two weeks^ be
simply added to the printed list.  By the time that job is over the
thin paper of the prirltout is in tatters, and so is Miss Anguish,
Time for a moral i   if you are going out on a limb, be sure no
one is going to saw it off.  Better to operate a double system
for a while than to be without any. 18
Now, if no one were interested in periodicals A to C it would have
been all right.  But in that two week interval Dean Wiseman had received a copy of the America! Journal of Sociology containing an
article by that distinguished sociologist Dean Wiseman.  Knowing
that the Library must also have received a copy, he refers his students to it. They report to Wiseman that not only were they not
able to see the journal, but that the Library could not account
for it.  Dean Wiseman is not pleased.
The plot thickens! Wait for the next installment of this spine-
chilling drama, in the January issue of Biblos.
31MW.W
"You  can't   hold yourself   responsible  for everything  that's
happened.     Great   ideas often have become corrupted,   tainted,
commercialized  by  others." 19
TLS Commentary
9 Nov. 67, p. 1065
Anthony Burgess has taken a nicely perverse line in the British
Museum debate.  So far as he is concerned, libraries are more
trouble than they are worth; all those knotty indexes, those
fierce, obtuse librarians, those fines.  And really big libraries
are worst of all; they make Mr. Burgess feel small, they remind
him that - in spite of what many of us were coming to believe -
he is not the only one who now and then puts pen to paper: "The
writer has to think of himself as a lone star.  To know that he's
a mere speck in the galaxies of Bloomsbury is dispiriting and
inhi bi tIng."
Books, Mr. Burgess' witty argument continues, ought not to be
borrowed, because borrowed books have to be returned intact,  A
book, he muses, ought not to be treated like a lady, "with respect", but like a whore, with inky marginalia: "a book can be
properly read only when lying down or slouched gracelessly ...
one's personal library should be a kind of harem." 6 •
WE WISH YOU A MERRY CHRISTMAS,
AND A HAPPY NEW YEAR
WITH YOUR POCKETS FULL OF MONEY
AND YOUR BASEMENT FULL OF BEER!

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