UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Trek [2016-11]

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attles I've evei
been involved
in were led by
First .
Tara Cullis, co-founder
and president of the
David Suzuki Foundation
BC First Nations welcomed Tara Cullis, BA'70,
into their world - and she, in turn, is helping to
preserve it.
By April SGaana Jaad White, BSc'82
To touch the realm of the supernatural, where travel in water is
as in air, one must first achieve pureness of body and mind through
fasting, drinking salt water and bathing in the sea. The most powerful
underwater Supernatural Being, a being with both human spirit and
form, wears the cloak of Killer Whale - SGaan. This lone matriarch's
dorsal fin breaks the barrier between two worlds. Our challenge is
to protect the magic of Myth Time by treading lightly on the natural
world, the plane that connects us to the spirit of our ancestors -
to maintain balance on the edge of the earth.
In 2012, UBC alumna April White of the Haida Nation donated
this artwork to the Raincoast Conservation Foundation's Art for
an Oil-Free Coast, a sale to raise money for a campaign against
Enbridge's Northern Gateway project, which would see an increase
in oil-tanker traffic on BC's ecologically diverse coast.
Dr. Tara Cullis is a long-time environmental activist whose work with
First Nations communities on the BC coast during the 1990s was an
important part of their efforts to preserve what is now known as the
Great Bear Rainforest. Read her story on page 8.
t\\) IN MEM
D w
A UBC thesis takes                                       *v^\
centre stage at the
National Arts Centre.    *                mil
 1             ■
Q: What is your latest purchase?
A: A pinata. No, not for me - for
my son's birthday. I would have
filled it with potato chips and mini
bottles of wine if it was for me.
 editor's note
It wasn't only the Canadian immigration website that crashed
during the US election - UBC's took a bit of a hammering, too.
The day after Donald J. Trump became president-elect, UBC's
own new president, Santa J. Ono, tweeted: "A single graduate
program website at UBC received >30,000 hits between midnight
and 3am PST after the US election."
The world has never been more connected electronically - what happens in one
country quickly ripples across borders. Twitter has, of course, been in the vanguard
of this communications revolution with its culture-matching brevity. And, if you
have something longer to say, you can always include a link to a video, an article,
or even a thesis.
Professor Ono uses Twitter not to shock and shame, but to be accessible and
connect with the UBC community and beyond; the idea is to tear down ivory towers,
not build walls. He is also an ambitious president. He knows UBC is already great -
excellent, he says - and so will be aiming higher (see page 30). You can follow the
progress and stay connected @ubcprez.
Commenting on the creepy clown sightings that have been hitting the headlines
lately, UBC theatre and film head Stephen Heatley says that "Clowns do what many
people wish they could do. They are outliers; they have their own private logic with
which they make sense of their world in their own unique way, and they are often
allowed to say and do things that 'nice' people will censor themselves from doing.
This makes them disruptors, and the world has always been fascinated by those
who don't toe the conventional line." (See page 6.)
As far as I'm concerned, the only thing better than bacon is bacon-wrapped bacon,
so I was happy to learn about the findings of UBC Okanagan researchers who
say that saturated fat, such as that found in meat and butter, is not necessarily
the dietary undesirable we thought it was (see page 12). There are probably other
reasons why bacon is bad for you, and bad for the planet too, but, until I stop being
willfully ignorant, you'll find me at the Bacon Sandwich Festival.
Vanessa Clarke
EDITOR Vanessa Clarke, BA
CHAIR Faye Wightman, BSc'8l (Nursing)
VICECHAIR Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
TREASURER Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Shelina Esmail, B/V93
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Stephen Brooks, BA'92
Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng, ICDD
Leslie Lee, BCom'84
Faye Wightman, BSc'8i (Nursing)
Amir Adnani, BSc'oi
Aleem Bandali, BA'99
Valerie Casselton, BA'77
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Miles, BA, Postgrad Cert, of Ed.
Professor Santa J. Ono
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Jeff Todd, BA
Trek magazine is published two times a year
in print by the UBC Alumni Association and
distributed free of charge to UBC alumni and
friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine
do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Alumni Association or the university.
Address correspondence to:
The Editor, alumni UBC
6163 University Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
email to trek.magazine@ubc.ca
Letters are published at the editor's discretion
and may be edited forspace
Jenna McCann
Address Changes 604.822.8921
via email alumni.ubc@ubc.ca
alumni UBC/ UBC Welcome Centre
toll free 800.883.3088
Volume 72, Number 2 | Printed in Canada
by Mitchell Press
Canadian Publications
Mail Agreement #40063528
Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to:
Records Department
UBC Development Office
Suite 500 - 5950 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
Paper from
responsible sources
ESS    FSC C011267
Parents of children who don't sleep well have a new
resource to help them develop better sleep habits and
routines for their child.
Called Better Nights, Better Days, the online program
was created by UBC nursing professor Wendy Hall
working with a team of sleep experts from other
universities. It includes a module on the elements of
healthy sleep, common sleep problems, a sleep diary,
and other methods to help children develop better sleeping habits. The
whole program takes about a month to complete and can be accessed from
any web-enabled device.
"Research tells us that as many as three out of 10 children in industrialized
countries - and 25 per cent of Canadian children - experience sleep issues.
That's highly concerning because studies show even a small amount of
sleep loss is associated with behavioural difficulties or learning disabilities,"
says Hall, a member of both the Canadian Sleep Society and the American
Academy for Sleep Medicine.
Sleep deprivation also affects parents' quality of life, Hall adds. In families
where the children aren't sleeping or sleeping well, the parents are often tired
and mentally and physically stressed.
Research out of the Children's Hospital of Philadelphia and University of
Michigan suggests that only two per cent of children with a sleep problem
who had primary care checkups received any sleep-related recommendation
from their care providers, says Hall.
"Addressed early on, parents can break the cycle of poor sleep and help
their children achieve good health habits to carry into adulthood. But it's
not always convenient or even possible for parents to get their children into
behavioural treatment programs," says Hall. "With Better Nights, Better
Days, families have easy access to sleep support that can complement
clinical and other resources that they may choose to access."
The resource is available on a pilot basis across Canada, except for the
Maritime provinces and BC, where a sufficient number of participants have
already registered. Parents with children ages one to 10 who experience sleep
issues - including difficulties falling asleep, staying asleep, and waking too
early - are invited to sign up at www.betternightsbetterdays.ca. (Interested
parties from the Maritimes and BC and can sign up to be notified when the
resource is publicly available.)
Cyclists should be riding at speeds between 12 and
20 kilometres per hour, while pedestrians should be
moving at two to six kilometres per hour on city roads to
minimize their inhalation of air pollution while still getting
the health benefits of exercise, according to UBC research.
"The faster you move, the harder you breathe and
the more pollution you could potentially inhale, but
you also are exposed to traffic for a shorter period of
time. This analysis shows where the sweet spot is," says Alex Bigazzi, a UBC
transportation expert in the Department of Civil Engineering and School of
Community and Regional Planning who conducted the analysis.
Using a US Census-based computer model of 10,000 people, Bigazzi
calculated ideal travel speeds that he calls the minimum-dose speeds (MDS)
for different age and sex groups. For female cyclists under 20, the ideal speed
linked to the least pollution risk is 12.5 kilometres per hour on average on
a flat road. For male cyclists in the same age group, it's 13.3 kilometres per
hour. Ideal travel speeds were at 13 and 15 kilometres per hour for female
and male cyclists in the 20-60 age group.
Female and male pedestrians under 20 years old should be walking at
speeds around three kilometres per hour, while their older counterparts
should look at reaching at least four kilometres per hour, to breathe in the
least amount of pollution over a trip. Bigazzi also computed these ideal travel
speeds for other road grades.
"If you move at much faster speeds than the MDS - say, cycling around
10 kilometres faster than the optimal range - your inhalation of air pollution
is significantly higher," says Bigazzi. "The good news is, the MDS numbers
align pretty closely with how fast most people actually travel."
The findings build on Bigazzi's research on the high amounts of toxic
chemicals absorbed by cyclists on busy city streets. Future research will
validate the minimum-dose speed estimates with on-road data.
male<20      male 20-60      male>60 female <20   female 20-60   female >60
Optimal walking and cycling speeds for city roads to minimize air pollution inhalation
UBC researchers have discovered how cancer cells become invisible to the
body's immune system, a crucial step that allows tumours to metastasize
and spread throughout the body.
"The immune system is efficient at identifying and halting the emergence
and spread of primary tumours, but when metastatic tumours appear
the immune system is no longer able to recognize the cancer cells and
stop them," says Wilfred Jefferies, senior author of the study working in
the Michael Smith Laboratories and a professor of medical genetics and
microbiology and immunology at UBC. "We discovered a new mechanism
that explains how metastatic tumours can outsmart the immune system
and we have begun to reverse this process so tumours are revealed to the
immune system once again."
Cancer cells genetically change and evolve over time. Researchers
discovered that as they evolve, they may lose the ability to create a protein
known as interleukein-33, or IL-33. When IL-33 disappears in the tumour, the
body's immune system has no way of recognizing the cancer cells and they
can begin to spread, or metastasize.
The researchers found that the loss of IL-33 occurs in epithelial
carcinomas, meaning cancers that begin in tissues that line the surfaces
of organs. These cancers include prostate, kidney, breast, lung, uterine,
cervical, pancreatic, skin and many others.
Working in collaboration with researchers at the Vancouver Prostate
Centre, and studying several hundred patients, they found that patients
with prostate or renal (kidney) cancers whose tumours have lost IL-33 had
 take note
more rapid recurrence of their cancer over a five-year period. They will now
begin studying whether testing for IL-33 is an effective way to monitor the
progression of certain cancers.
"IL-33 could be among the first immune biomarkersfor prostate cancer
and, in the near future, we are planning to examine this in a larger sample
size of patients," says Iryna Saranchova, a PhD student in the Department
of Microbiology and Immunology and first author on the study.
Researchers have long tried to use the body's own immune system to fight
cancer, but only in the last few years have they identified treatments that
show potential.
In this study, Saranchova, Jefferies and their colleagues at the Michael Smith
Laboratories found that putting IL-33 back into metastatic cancers helped
revive the immune system's ability to recognize tumours. Further research
will examine whether this could be an effective cancer treatment in humans.
UBC journalism professors have been awarded approximately $200,000
from the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council to support the
launch of a national version of the globally successful non-profit academic
journalism site, TheConversation.com.
Alfred Hermida and Mary Lynn Young, both former journalists, are working
with the Melbourne-based media organization to develop The Conversation
Canada, which will unlock the expertise of the Canadian research sector and
share it with the widest possible audience.
Since its 2on launch in Australia, The Conversation has expanded into
an increasingly global knowledge network, with editions in the UK, the US,
France and Africa. It has a monthly audience of 3.3 million unique visitors,
with a reach of 35 million.
"Scholars at Canadian universities have a lot to contribute globally through
The Conversation network," says Alfred Hermida, director of the UBC School
of Journalism and a former BBC journalist of 16 years. "News organizations
around the country are under intense financial pressure and we believe
Canadians, the university sector and the media can all benefit from a new
national source of expert analysis."
Written by 40,000 academics and researchers worldwide and edited by
90 experienced journalists, The Conversation offers informed, insightful and
independent analysis and commentary, as well as breaking news from scholars
and researchers. The site is published under Creative Commons licensing,
which allows mainstream media outlets like The Washington Post, CNN, The
Guardian, Macleans, ABC (Australia), BBC and others to republish its content.
"We are looking forward to the launch of the new Canadian service, which
will be our sixth country to launch," says The Conversation's editor-in-chief,
Andrew Jaspan. "The Conversation's independent, trusted content service will,
I hope, play an important role in providing informed content to support better
public debate and decision-making."
UBC research suggests there may be some truth to the belief that
marijuana use causes laziness - at least in rats. The study found that
tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), the main psychoactive ingredient in
marijuana, makes rats less willing to try a cognitively demanding task.
"Perhaps unsurprisingly, we found that when we gave THC to these rats,
they basically became cognitively lazy," says Mason Silveira, the study's lead
author and a PhD candidate in UBC's Department of Psychology. "What's
interesting, however, is that their ability to do the difficult challenge was
unaffected by THC. The rats could still do the task- they just didn't want to."
Hummingbirds are among nature's most agile fliers. They can travel
faster than 50 kilometres per hour and stop on a dime to navigate
through dense vegetation. Now researchers have discovered that the
tiny birds process visual information differently from other animals,
perhaps to handle the demands of their extreme aerial acrobatics.
"Birds fly faster than insects and it's more dangerous if they collide
with things," says Roslyn Dakin, a postdoctoral fellow in the UBC's
Department of Zoology who led the study. "We wanted to know
how they avoid collisions and we found that hummingbirds use their
environment differently than insects to steer a precise course."
The scientists placed hummingbirds in a specially-designed tunnel
and projected patterns on the walls to figure out how the birds steer
a course to avoid collisions when they are in flight. They set up eight
cameras to track the movement of the birds as they flew through the
5.5-metre longtunnel.
"We took advantage of hummingbirds' attraction to sugar water
to set up a perch on one side of the tunnel and a feeder on the other,
and they flew back and forth all day," says Douglas Altshuler, associate
professor in the Department of Zoology. "This allowed us to test many
different visual stimuli."
While not a lot is known about how birds use vision in flight, it is
known that bees process distance by how quickly an object goes past
their field of vision, like we do as we drive down a road.
As we pass by telephone poles on the side of the road
quickly, our brains understand that the objects are
nearby; buildings in the distance will take some time
to pass, letting us know they are further away.
When scientists simulated this type of information on
thetunnel walls,the hummingbirds didn't react. Instead
Dakin and her colleagues found that the birds relied on
the size of objects to determine distance. As something
gets bigger, this may signal to the birds that they are
getting closer, and as something gets smaller, it may
signal that they are moving farther away.
"When objects grow in size, it can indicate how much
time there is until they collide even without knowing
the actual size of the object," says Dakin. "Perhapsthis
strategy allows birds to more precisely avoid collisions
over the very wide range of flight speeds they use."
The researchers also found that the hummingbirds
used the same technique as flies, known as image
velocity, to assess their altitude. When the patterns on
the walls simulated going up and down, the researchers
found that the birds adjusted their flight.
For the study, researchers looked at the effects of
both THC and cannabidiol (CBD) on rats' willingness
to exert cognitive effort. They trained 29 rats to
perform a behavioural experiment in which the
animals had to choose whether they wanted an
easy or difficult challenge to earn sugary treats.
Under normal circumstances, most rats preferred
the harder challenge to earn a bigger reward. But
when the rats were given THC, the animals switched
to the easier option, despite earning a smaller reward.
When they looked at the effect of CBD, an ingredient
in marijuana that does not result in a high, researchers
found the chemical did not have any effect on rats'
decision-making or attention. CBD, which is believed
to be beneficial in treating pain, epilepsy and even
cancer, also didn't block the negative effects of THC.
"This was surprising, as it had been suggested
that high concentrations of CBD could modulate
or reduce the negative effects of THC," says
Catharine Winstanley, senior author of the study
and an associate professor in UBC's Department
of Psychology. "Unfortunately, that did not appear
to be the case."
Given how essential willingness to exert cognitive
effort is for people to achieve success, Winstanley
says the findings underscore the importance of
realizing the possible effect of cannabis use on
impairing willingness to engage in harder tasks.
While some people view
marijuana as a panacea that can cure all ailments,
the findings also highlight a need for more research
to determine what THC does to the human brain to
alter decision-making. That could eventually allow
scientists to block these effects,
allowing those who use medical
marijuana to enjoy the possible
benefits of cannabis without the
less desirable cognitive effects.
A new chapter in teaching is about to begin for the UBC Library with the acquisition of one of
the world's most extraordinary books.
Printed in a limited edition of only 438 copies,the Works of Geoffrey Chaucer was published
by William Morris's Kelmscott Press in 1896. Morris, a pivotal figure in the arts and crafts
movement, spent four years designing what he believed to be the ideal book. Celebrated for
its unique type, lavish decorative borders and remarkable illustrations, the poet William Butler
Yeats later described it as the "most beautiful of all printed books."
"The acquisition of this copy of the Kelmscott Chaucer is a significant coup for UBC," says
Gregory Mackie, assistant professor in UBC's department of English. "Books like this one
almost never come onto the international market, and only 48 copies exist in the world with
this particular binding."
Purchased for $202,000 USD, the book is one of the most valuable at UBC's Rare Books and
Special Collections. It joins other famous books at UBC, such as the Second Folio of Shakespeare,
donated by Walter Koerner in i960, strengtheningthe library's world-renowned Col beck
Collection of 19th-century literature, which includes several extremely rare Kelmscott Press books.
Despite being published in 19th-century England, the Kelmscott Chaucer has many
unexpected connections to Vancouver history, said Katherine Kalsbeek, head of UBC's Rare
Books and Special Collections.
"Many architects and designers in early Vancouver looked to William Morris for inspiration,"
she says. "From the Morris & Co. stained glass windows to Morris-designed textiles that were
imported for houses and churches here, his legacy and impact still endure in this city."
Sian Echard, head of the English department, said faculty members recognized the value
of the book as a teaching tool.
"The Chaucer will not only help our students better understand the English-speaking
world's book culture at the end of the 19th century," she says, "but it will also help illuminate
that period's profound engagement with the even more distant past of the Middle Ages."
The Kelmscott Chaucer is available for viewing at the Rare Books and Special Collections
Reading Room in the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre at UBC.
Canadian universities are leading an international effort to create campuses that will improve the
health and well-being of students, faculty and staff.
UBC, SFU, Memorial University, Mount Royal University, the University of Calgary and
the University of Lethbridge are the first universities to formally adopt the Okanagan Charter:
An International Charter for Health Promoting Universities and Colleges, which calls on post-secondary
institutions to make a commitment to health and well-being in all policies and practices.
The six Canadian universities adopted the charter to inspire other institutions to follow suit,
recognizing that universities and colleges can set an example as communities that promote health.
Each institution has made individual commitments to enacting the Okanagan Charter in different
ways - from campus-wide mental health strategies, to developing campus spaces that support
connection and community.
As part of its commitment to the charter, UBC will invest an additional $1 million to strengthen
a number of efforts already underway, including increasing mental health literacy through regular
mental health first aid courses for faculty and staff members. It will also enhance initiatives to
support well-being in classrooms and workspaces, and promote active lifestyles with a stationary
bike study space at UBC's Okanagan campus library and movement breaks during lectures.
Research shows that health and well-being are essential to learning, retention, productivity, satisfaction
and building a sense of community. Universities and colleges are in a unique position to promote well-being
through education, research, policies and practices that can be developed on campuses. The Okanagan
Charter provides a common framework for universities and colleges to lead this important charge.
UBC and SFU led its development with international partners from post-secondary institutions,
the Pan American Health Organization and the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural
Organization (UNESCO).
 take note
Vancouver is seen as one of the most livable cities in the world. UBC
sociology associate professor Nathanael Lauster believes that's partly
because more people live in condos and townhouses than single-family
homes in this city.
In his new book The Death and Life of the Single-Family House, Lauster
discusses how many Vancouverites have accepted the idea that not
everyone can live in a detached house, and offers lessons for the rest of
North America on howto build livable cities.
In your book, you make the case that single-family houses are bad for the
environment, urban vitality and people's health. Why is this?
Just about any way you look at it, single-family houses tend to be bad for
the environment. Their development consumes an enormous amount of
land, disrupting and displacing ecologies. Houses also require more energy
to heat and cool, and encourage people to drive everywhere, boosting
greenhouse gas emissions.
Detached houses also tend to deaden city life, as they are surrounded by
lots of private and little public space. Urban vitality thrives when the private
and public are balanced - when people have places to go and things to do near
their homes, and they can walk or bike or take transit to get there. All of these
ways of getting around put people in contact with one another and make for
an engaging environment. Walking and biking also keep us healthier.
A lot of people are still emotionally invested in the idea of owning
a single-family house. They grew up in a house and can't imagine not
also raising their families in one. What do you say to them?
They are not alone. Culturally, many people have come to think of the house
as an important symbol of success, and an important aspect of taking proper
care of their children. But I suggest they re-think what's important in terms
of understandings of success and livability. Most of the people who live here,
including parents with children, have made a home without a house.
We have people who really enjoy high-rise living and others who thrive
better in low-rise neighbourhoods. We have people who love the yard access
and porch feel of some of our newer townhouses, and others who prefer the
character of life in our older, subdivided mansions. There are lots of lovely
ways to make a home.
What mistakes have urban planners made in Vancouver, and what lessons
can other cities learn from us on building a livable city?
Urban planners across North America have made mistakes - not just in
Vancouver. I think the biggest was creating what I call the "Great House
Reserve" and setting so much land aside for single-family houses.
Slowly but surely, however, Vancouver has been building over the
Great House Reserve, reincorporating this land back into the urban mix.
The city has also renovated the very meaning of single-family residential
neighbourhoods by legalizing secondary suites and laneway houses,
transforming lots that initially could only support a single household into
lots that can now support three. These are building projects that other
metropolitan areas can also work toward.
But there are still issues that remain. The biggest of these is ensuring
livability for all residents, rather than just the wealthy. Allowing more
densification of single-family residential areas will go a long way toward
opening up new market options for middle class Vancouverites, but we
need a lot more subsidized and co-op housing too.
Reports of pranksters dressing
up as creepy clowns are sweeping
the US, Canada and now Europe. While
scary clowns may seem like a new phenomenon,
UBC theatre and film head Stephen Heatley and Ernest Mathijs, head of the
Centre for Cinema Studies at UBC, explain that clowns have a long, violent
and vulgar history on stage and in films.
Is this the first time we've seen reports of creepy clowns?
EM: There was a "creepy clown" phenomenon in the United Kingdom in
2013 when a scary clown was spotted throughout the town of Northampton.
It got a little media attention and copycat sightings have been around ever
since. They are mostly modelled on Stephen King's It clown, Pennywise.
Now that the hypersensitive and fear-happy American media got a hold of it,
it's become a big deal.
I think this creepy clown phenomenon is a version of what is generally
known as a moral panic, similar to the fear of witches in the 17th and
18th Century, mods and bikers in the 1960s, and heavy metal fans or
hooligans in the 1980s. The difference, however, is that clowns do not
have a mob mentality - this phenomenon is propelled by media attention.
Where did clowns originate? And how did they get so scary?
SH: Clowns in contemporary culture, like birthday party clowns, may
be happy and funny, but much earlier versions of clownish characters
were anything but.
Some trace the origins of modern clowns to the Italian commedia dell'arte
characters. These stock characters were driven by obsessions and some
were downright violent, but in a ridiculous way. Pulcinella, the most vulgar
of them all, had a foul mouth and was known to say and do outrageous
things that were never socially acceptable. He could get away with this and
was thought to be funny because he was so absolutely outrageous and wore
a big baggy suit, a ridiculous hat, and a mask with a large hooked nose.
The image of the happy clown did not evolve until the 20th century
with the advent of commercial clowns like Bozo or Ronald McDonald.
Many people argue that it was Stephen King who popularized the "bad
clown" in the 1980s.
Why do you think people are so fascinated with clowns?
SH: Clowns do what many people wish they could do. They are outliers;
they have their own private logic with which they make sense of their world
in their own unique way, and they are often allowed to say and do things
that "nice" people will censor themselves from doing. This makes them
disruptors, and the world has always been fascinated by those who don't
toe the conventional line.
Recent clown-related incidents have led to people being arrested, with some
even facing felony charges. Has the creepy clown craze gone too far?
EM: Like Gremlins - maybe the most outrageous of clowns - every craze
will eventually spin out of control if it's fed. I would love to think that this is
a subversive movement, but I fear it is not. D
dialogues: Why has Vancouver been so slow to join the
sharing economy?
November 28, 6:30-gpm \  Vancouver Playhouse Theatre
Holiday Central at the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
• Cocktails and Carols: December 2,4:oo-6:3opm
• The Christmas Tree Competition - come vote for your
favourite UBC tree: December 2-24
• Accepting donations for the UBC food bank
Hong Kong Seasonal Celebration
December 13 | Hong Kong Bankers Club
Join special guests, fellow alumni and friends for a special
dinner to celebrate the season.
In Conversation with President Santa J. Ono
Professor Santa Ono recently took office as the 15th president
and vice-chancellor of UBC. In a series of In Conversation
events, presented by alumni UBC, Professor Ono will share
his early priorities and interests as well as gather input from
alumni and friends on how we can continue to strengthen
our university.
Surrey -January 11
Ottawa - February 7
Toronto - February 9
North Shore - February 76
Lunar New Year Dinner 2017
January iy | Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
In celebration of the Lunar New Year, alumni UBC cordially
invites you to a special dinner with UBC president Santa J. Ono.
alumNIGHTS Forty under 40
in partnership with UBC's Sauder School of Business
January ig | Terminal City Club
Grape Debate 2017: What role does the vessel play?
January 26 | Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
Featuring the Wines of British Columbia and presented by
Odium Brown Limited.
75-77 September 201;
2016-17 alumni UBC Board of Directors
Faye Wightman, BSc'87 (Nursing
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Shelina Esmail, BA'93
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Stephen Brooks, BA'92
Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng, IC
Leslie Lee, BCom'84
Faye Wightman, BSc'87 (Nursing
Amir Adnani, BSc'ot
Aleem Bandali, BA'99
Valerie Casselton, BA'jj
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Miles,
Professor Santa J. Ono
Lindsay Gordon,
Jeff Todd, BA
n 0
 BC First Nations
welcomed ^^^^^ra
BA'70, into their
world - and she,
in turn, is helping
to preserve it.
try Anderson, BA'
fun times with First
itions people, it felt
ni<e peeling Saran Wrap
off British Columbia,
and then there was
whole other British
Photo by Martin Dee.
Tara Cullis was anxious to finish packing for the family's annual fall move
from Vancouver to Toronto, so when her husband suggested they take in the
second annual Stein Valley "Voices for the Wilderness" Festival on Labour
Day Weekend, she very nearly declined. She was a busy woman: she ran
a thriving business, taught at Harvard, was the mother of two little girls, and
was head-over-heels in love with her very public husband, David Suzuki.
Living in Toronto for the school year made Cullis's weekly commute to
Harvard bearable. And it meant Suzuki, a UBC prof, could spend part of the
year close to CBC headquarters for his TV and radio work.
Designed to draw attention to the logging that threatened the Stein Valley,
the festival that year was held on a stunning site, near where the Stein River
and the Thompson flow into the Fraser. The Stein Valley encompasses
107,000 hectares of spectacular forests, glaciers, lowlands, rivers, and
tundra. In 1986, this complex and irreplaceable biodiversity - sacred to First
Nations people for eons - was at imminent risk of
being logged into oblivion.
When Cullis and Suzuki arrived that late-August
afternoon with their toddler, Sarika, and six-year-old
Severn, the place was swarming with festival-goers
and throbbing with feasting, music, storytelling and
speeches. Tepees, and tents of all shapes and sizes,
dotted the landscape.
The family was hosted in a neat-looking tepee that
was open at the bottom to help keep it cooler. Clouds
of dust wafted in, covering their belongings including
the milk in Sarika's cup. The bugs were getting in,
too, and were biting. That night, when it came time for the little girls to sleep,
a musician named Seeker sat down by the campfire just outside the entrance
to their tepee and started drumming loudly, and singing in a high-pitched
voice. It was so loud it sounded as though he was right there, inside the
tepee. Surely the children won't sleep through this, Cullis worried. It's going to
be dreadful tomorrow. They'll be exhausted and whiney and crying all day. And this
drumming! Will it happen like this every night? What have I got myself into! But
the children slept, and the next day they were happy and well rested.
And somehow, too, the next day a switch flipped for Cullis. She felt
something different was going on, beyond her previous understanding. "The
drum especially, it gets to you," she says. "I think it's a real shortcut to finding
out what's important." The drumming magnified the crowd's desperate
passion to preserve the Stein Valley, and it moved Cullis to a whole new
level of consciousness. She felt "that frisson of excitement" that comes from
sensing something really significant lurking just beneath the surface. "I love it
when one gets that sense that this is the end of a string and, if you pull on it,
it's connected to 'unseen high events' as Malcolm Lowry writes."
It wasn't the first time Cullis had experienced a catalyzing event. In
December of 1972, she was a 22-year-old graduate student enrolled in
comparative literature at Carleton when David Suzuki was invited to give
a speech there. "I saw her in an audience of 400 people," Suzuki says. "She
was sensationally beautiful. I have a picture of her that I love, where she looks
like Rita Hayworth." The attraction was mutual; within weeks they were
engaged, and a year later they were married.
Although Cullis had emigrated from England to Canada as a five year old,
she had never applied for a Canadian passport; nor had her brother. When
she married she kept her maiden name, no ordinary choice in 1973. When
she and her brother applied for Canadian passports - she wanted one so
she could travel in Europe on her honeymoon - her brother was given the
"welcome to Canada" speech while she was unceremoniously refused.
Apparently, it was unacceptable to have retained her maiden name! Cullis
used a British passport to tide her over, but en route to Europe they stopped
in Ottawa, where she pled her case that "Canada should come into the 20th
century." The officials agreed and gave her a passport. In this first activist
cause that she and Suzuki shared, Cullis became the first married woman in
Canada to become a Canadian citizen under her maiden name.
Now, 14 years after meeting Suzuki, Cullis was again entering a whole
new world. She signed on to help coordinate future Stein festivals, inviting
such personages as Buffy Ste. Marie, John Denver, and Gordon Lightfoot,
to boost attendance. Strong public support led to the area being preserved
for posterity as the Stein Valley Nlaka'pamux Heritage Park. At the same
time, Cullis also became involved in the fight to save Gwaii Haanas, (then
South Moresby.) She and Canada's Green Party
leader Elizabeth May worked together on this
project. "She has a natural instinct for campaigning
for a cause," May notes. One of Cullis's ideas was
to hire a plane with a banner, spreading the word to
literally thousands of people as they lay tanning on
the beaches of Vancouver. "She thinks of the best
and smartest things to do," says May. And she has
fun in the process.
"I don't know anyone who has as much fun as
Tara Cullis," says her daughter Sarika. "I think that
that's what allows her to do the heavy things she
does in life. She's friends with everybody who comes into her house, or works
on her house, or drops things off, like the milkman - those are her people,
and she's one of them."
Cullis began getting to know people from many BC First Nations,
including a young Coast Salish woman, Patricia Kelly, whom she'd met at
the Stein. Soon she was counting them among her closest friends. "When
we started sharing fun times with First Nations people, it felt like peeling
Saran Wrap off British Columbia, and then there was a whole other British
Columbia underneath," she says, joyfully.
Finding environmental needs more urgent than her teaching work,
Cullis resigned her coveted position at Harvard and immersed herself in
environmentalism. It was a drastic shift that meant stepping completely out
of her comfort zone.
When, in 1989, Suzuki did a five-part radio show, It's a Matter of Survival,
about global warming and the future of the planet, the response was
mind-boggling - 17,000 people sent letters to the CBC asking what they
could do to make a difference. Suzuki acquired a nickname: Dr. Doom and
Gloom. "You've got to start giving people hope. We've got to start offering
solutions," Cullis insisted. "And that," says Sarika, "was the genesis of the
David Suzuki Foundation."
With the help of friends, Cullis mailed a letter to each of those
17,000 supporters, asking: "If we create an organization designed to
find solutions, would you be willing to support it?"
They hadn't reckoned at all on the response. When the first bag of mail
arrived at their tiny office above a fume-filled autobody shop on West
12th Avenue in Kitsilano, Cullis and Patricia Kelly sat down to open the
envelopes and see what people were saying, and they were shocked. In
one was a $10 bill; in another, 30 dollars. One woman sent a cheque for
 daughters in the
Stein Valley, 1987.
"She's of that
generation of
feminists that says,
'You can do it all, but
you do have to do
it all.' It's kind of
a reverse sexism."
a thousand dollars. It was Christmastime, and each
day the mailman trudged Santa-like up their stairs with
another bulging sack. They had their answer, and Cullis
knew there was no turning back. After a few months,
people started calling: "I sent you $20. Can you tell me
what you did with my money? Is it helping?" Those
were heady days, but Cullis was also terrified; she had
no idea how to track the mail and the funds, organize
a database, balance books, or manage the inquiries. She
had to learn it all from scratch, fast.
Each day when school was out, Sarika would walk to
their office a block away, and play among the boxes on
the floor while Cullis and Kelly did the deskwork. After,
once they got home and had dinner and put the girls in
bed, the two would work until the small hours. Kelly lived
with Cullis's family in those days. For about 18 months it
went on like this. Cullis began to have nightmares. She dreamt that she was far out on the limb of
a tree, sawing off the limb. She had the dream night after night. Always she would awaken before
she could complete it.
As Kelly says, "Tara was a feminist in the sandwich generation." She managed her household
and helped look after her parents and Suzuki's parents while taking on the almost overwhelming
work of starting the David Suzuki Foundation (DSF) and serving as its volunteer president. She
edited Suzuki's written work. She did the paperwork for their other business and, through all this,
she was a fiercely loyal and deeply devoted wife and mother.
"She's always said that she wanted to raise her kids without baggage," Sarika says. "And
people would actively emulate her, because they could see what a great mom she was - I found
that fascinating, that other people recognized that as well."
Michele Souda, a friend from student days and former Harvard colleague, says Cullis was
a great inspiration to her as a mother. "When I would be with my daughter I was completely with
my daughter, because Tara had helped me understand the importance of this. I could get other
things done, but not while I was being with my daughter."
Cullis managed all these things superbly well, but she was out of balance and she knew it.
In fact, balance was something she'd spent years thinking about, at least in a theoretical way.
She wrote her doctoral thesis on the rupture of science and literature in the 20th century, which
she saw as a reflection of an emerging tendency to think in left-brained ways, substituting the
increasing convenience of technology for the beauty of the arts, instead of holding the two in
balance. "Back in the 1800s in English literature," she says, "Swift and Pope and others were
saying that 'the educated man' or 'the rational man' - it was always a man - has a balance of
reason and imagination." But we lost that balance when the rise of technology enabled us to
effectively "move mountains with the left side of the brain."
Cullis calls herself a synthesist - one who looks at the big picture. "It's a wish to construct and
to build, to bring together, because there are constantly forces trying to destroy and break us
apart; I choose to be part of the forces that bring us together."
And she does this without fanfare. The backbone of the Suzuki Foundation from its inception,
and the heart of her family, Cullis has always done things quietly, never seeking the spotlight.
But this year, the spotlight finally found her, with alumni UBC awarding her its prestigious
Global Citizenship Award. Suzuki is thrilled. "Without Tara," he says, "the Suzuki Foundation
would not have been possible; who I am in the public's eye would not have been possible. She
made me who I am."
As the DSF was getting off the ground in the early '90s, they became aware that one of the last
surviving temperate rainforests on the planet was on coastal British Columbia and Haida Gwaii,
and it was at risk. It was decided Cullis should focus on this project.
Tara Cullis and
David Suzuki met in
"   -.ember 1972 and
married a year later.
For two years she travelled up and down the coast on
behalf of the DSF, visiting communities of the 11 coastal
First Nations, observing their needs, listening to their
concerns, helping dissolve differences. At the outset,
many of these groups were not even speaking to one
another, but Cullis would find their commonalities and
share them: "Oh, by the way," she'd say, "I was here,"
and "Oh, by the way, I was there. And you guys are
talking about the same things." She became a unifying
force. "From the visits she would make with them, with
the Haidas, with the Bella Bella, the Bella Coola, the
Haisla..." says Patricia Kelly, "all of the people ended up
knowing one another. Tara was that slender thread tying
people and their ideas together."
"After Tara did her outreach and built positive
relations," says former Haida Council president, Miles
Richardson Jr, "the David Suzuki Foundation brought
the people together in a conference and, out of this,
the Turning Point Initiative was born." This evolved into
Coastal First Nations, the powerful, cohesive alliance
that negotiated the preservation of what is now known
as the Great Bear Rainforest, comprised of 6.4 million
hectares along the BC coast.
The key to this success was recognizing that these
First Nations had managed the area sustainably for
millennia, and acknowledging that they should therefore
be relied on to continue managing the area sustainably.
It was Cullis's diplomacy in the first place that helped
broker an alliance that remains strong today.
"All of the big environmental battles I've ever been
involved in were led by First Nations," says Cullis. "It's
natural, when you're trying to re-find the balance, to
appreciate the leadership of First Nations in helping
show the way. They're very sophisticated, 21st-century
people, but they live more in the right brain than does
our own current culture, and I think they've got more of
a balance than we've come to."
Launching the Suzuki Foundation, moving it forward,
and enabling this unprecedented alliance among the
coastal First Nations was immensely fulfilling for Cullis,
but it was also enormously challenging and stressful.
Many times along the way family and friends urged her
to give up, but she felt the cause was too important.
"There are constantly
forces trying to
destroy and break us
apart; I choose to be
part of the forces that
bring us together."
"We had so many brick walls, but I learned something about myself through it all: I never give up.
But I felt I was doing myself an injury - I could feel the strain, though I didn't know what it was
going to result in."
The physical damage lay dormant for years but on a hot July day in 2013, while swimming off
Kitsilano beach, Cullis suffered acute heart failure. Realizing her survival depended on remaining
calm, she swam gently back to shore, where a woman called 911 and then called Suzuki. He
raced down from their nearby home, barefoot and buck naked beneath his Yukata (a Japanese
housecoat). He went to grab her, to hug her, but she told him softly that she needed to just focus
on breathing. The ambulance came, took her to hospital. "I cannot think the unthinkable, which
is life without Tara," says Suzuki. "Without Tara, I'm nothing - I am nothing as a human being
without Tara. We are truly joined at the hip."
Wired to work hard and solve problems, Cullis had taken on too much. As her daughter Severn
says, "She's of that generation of feminists that says, 'You can do it all, but you do have to do it all.'
It's kind of a reverse sexism. Having to look after herself has been a huge take-home lesson. And
it is indicative to me that it was heart failure, because her heart is so big."
On any given day, Cullis may be seen wearing a wide gold bracelet embossed with a raven,
the handiwork of Haida artist Jessie Brillon. Twenty years ago Chief Chee Xial, Miles Richardson
Sr, adopted Cullis and her daughters into his Haida Raven clan, naming her Jaad Gaa Skuudagaas,
Woman of Knowledge. The families had grown close over the years, and as Miles Richardson
Jr. points out, "The really important thing that they've achieved is that they see us as we see
ourselves, and they respect us on that basis."
It is a great honour and privilege to be adopted and named in a First Nation tribe, and Cullis
has since been adopted and named in three more coastal tribes, at Hartley Bay, Bella Bella, and
Alert Bay. She has also worked tirelessly for other groups, most notably the Kayapo in Brazil and
the Ainu in Japan.
"She's totally guileless - her heart is 100 per cent in the right place, and that's why she has such
a loving family and why all those adoptive moments have happened," says UBC anthropology
professor Wade Davis. "But because she moves so gently through the world, it's often forgotten
how strong and important her presence has been."
Patricia Kelly concurs. "The fluidity of her language is like a refreshing drink of water, the way
she can communicate and impact people. And she's not telling people to change. She's simply
saying,'Look what I've found!'" D
 UBC researchers chew over some
long-held beliefs about nutrition
4^ f
There's a simple genius to Dr. Deanna Gibson's
research: What we eat - or, more preciselyj^iat we
excrete - is who we are. In plain language, flbop can tell
us some very significant things about what's going on
in our bodies.
Gibson is head of the Microbiome and Inflammatory
Disease Research lab on UBC's Okanagan campus.
Along with her husband, Sanjoy Ghosh, she leads a team
of investigators who focus on the gut, its health, its
contents, and its end products. This work may lead to
new therapies for chronic inflammatory diseases such
as inflammatory bowel disease, diabetes, colitis and
Crohn's disease.
The results of her research are both shocking and
fascinating, and go against popular conceptions of
nutrition that have dominated our understanding
of what's good for us and what isn't for most of the
last hundred years.
Gibson's interSrtflthegut (and the route she took
to become known as The Poop Lady) began at an early
age. "Members of my family have been subject to
gastrointestinal issues for as long as I can remember,"
she says. Itfe what sparked her interest in microbiology
and started! her on her current pati^
Chris Petty, MFA'86
Gibson's initial research focussemjii eAdil'ning fecal matter from human infants. She and her
team collected diaper samples from babies all over Kelowna (thus the "Poop Lady" appellation.
"Even my kids cailme^TCP's.op Lady," she says with a laugh), to find out what species of microbes
exist in a person^ut (there aWhundreds), with a goal to learning what impact these microbes
have on digestion, the development of gastrointestinal (Gl) diseases, and the overall health of
the individual.
One of the first successes of her research came with development of a standardized procedure
for storing stool samples. She found that simply storing samples in the freezer resulted in
inconsistent results - the process itself affected the microbes - and that the microbes appearing
in one part of a sample may be different from those that appear in another. Her team developed
a process she calls "homogenization," where each sample is mixed and suspended in liquid
nitrogen, ensuring no microbial changes can take place between diaper and microscope.
The primary goal of her research was to show how the diet of the mother had an impact not
only on the fetus, but on the long-term health of the child. In experiments with rodents, Gibson
learned that a "bad" diet in the mother resulted in the later development of Gl diseases such as
colitis and diabetes in the offspring, while mothers with a "good" diet tended to produce offspring
with better health outcomes later in life.
"It works in the rodent model," she says, "because we can change the conditions to test certain
ideas, and the life spans are quite short. But it seems clearthat the same results will happen in
human babies." As well, a mother's diet is reflected in the immune cells and microbes expressed
in her breast milk, and these have a direct impact on her offspring's immunity and gut microbes.
"No one expected a child's long-term health to be so directly impacted by the mother's diet
during pregnancy," she says. "It was an amazing result." To the scientific community, it seemed to
go against accepted nutritional dogma.
In fact, according to Gibson, nutritional research is often considered
to be on the flakey side of science, partly because of bizarre claims made
by some less-than-scientific researchers, and partly because, as we learn
more, old sureties are replaced by better evidence. In 2011, Gibson won
a Grand Challenges Exploration Grant from the Gates Foundation to
investigate the relationship between a mother's diet and a child's long-
term health, a line of research characterized in media reports as "weird,"
and "science fiction." That attitude, along with a long history of quackery
- magic elixirs, Carter's Little Liver Pills, celebrity diets and various other
forms of snake oil - makes for a Doubting Thomas atmosphere in the
nutritional field.
Though Gibson and her team continue to delve into the relationship
between mothers' guts and offsprings' poop, her current research runs right
at the heart of eyebrow-lifting nutritional research, and threatens to turn
the field - and your diet - on its head. It's all about fat, and no topic in the
nutritional canon is more rife with suspicion, second guessing and sleight-of-
hand than the function of fat in the human diet.
Good Fat/Bad Fat
Fat has been the bad guy in dietary circles for decades, particularly saturated
fat, such as that found in meat, butter and tropical oils. "We tend to vilify all
fats," Gibson says, "especially saturates! fats. But our research shows that
some of these fats are protective in some serious Gl diseases."
12  ■ TREK
-        f
r ,  \
'No one expected a child's
long-term health to be
so directly impacted
by the mother's diet
during pregnancy.
It was an amazing
result." To the scientific
community, it seemed
to go against accepted
nutritional dogma.
Our modern nutritional blest-thinking says saturated
fat is just this side of poison. Many studies dispute this
claim, but whole industries have grown up that cash in on
this idea. Sanjoy Ghosh, assistant professor in the Irving
K. Barber Sdaool of Arts and Sciences at UBCO, is poster
boy for how long it can take to refute bad science. In
2004 as a PhD student at UBC, he undertook research to
prove how saturated fats contribute to some of the more
devastating aspects of diabetes. But his research proved
the opposite: saturated fats actually provided some
protection against these developments.
In his attempts to get his research published he
was ridiculed and his work considered suspect, but
he persevered. Ultimately, his work won him an
international research award,
and started him on his path to
wider research into fat and how
it metabolizes in the body. Now,
working with Gibson, he and the
team have made some groundbreaking discoveries about
how the gut interacts with the
fats we consume.
Their study, which examined
how the type of fat consumed
had a direct impact on infections
in mice, was published by the
Journal of Infectious Diseases in the UK. The study showed
how mice fed fatty acids found in olive oil and milk fat,
which is rich in saturated fat, were better able to fight
diseases than mice fed fats rich in polyunsaturated fats
such as those found in corn oil.
Much of what we thought we knew about the role of saturated fats in
our diet comes from a series of research studies, recently debunked,
sponsored by the sugar industry and conducted at Harvard University in
the 1960s. The sugar industry was interested in diverting attention away
from the harmful effects of sugar by pointing out the possible health
risks of consuming too much saturated fat. The researchers agreed to
focus their lens on fat, resulting in data that promoted sugar and vilified
saturated fat. At the same time, the edible oil industry - producers of
canola, sunflower, corn and other polyunsaturated vegetable oils - was
able to convince consumers and national health departments that these
oils were far better for human health than saturated fats like butter,
nimal fat and other dairy products. Unfortunately, no credible science
'exists to support those claims, and new research is showing them to be
false. These findings, which ultimately show that saturated fats do not,
,n fact, have an effect on heart disease, follow a huge study conducted,
ironically, by the Harvard School of Public Health. That study looked
at 72 published papers on heart disease involving more than 600,000
subjects worldwide that exonerated saturated fats.
T  f
 diet & dogma
Trans fat is produced by adding hydrogen to
liquid vegetable oils to make them solid. The
resulting product, usually referred to as "partially
hydrogenated oils" on product packaging, has
a long shelf life, works well in cooking and is cheap
to produce. Margarine, shortening, snack items,
deep fried foods and bakery products benefit
most from the use of trans fats, but research in the
1990s showed that consumption of trans fat had
a detrimental effect on human health. It tends to
increase the production of lipoprotein LDL (bad
The research team developed
h standardized procedure
for storing stool samples.
cholesterol), while decreasing the production of lipoprotein HDL, the good one. Also, it
promotes a dangerous level of inflammation in human cells and has been shown to increase
the risk of heart disease.
Some trans fats occur naturally in meat and dairy products, including beef, lamb and butter
fat, but in very small quantities. However, research has shown that naturally occurring trans
fats may have a beneficial effect as it promotes an increase in both LDL and HDL lipoproteins.
Recognizing that trans fats aren't good for human health, their use has been severely
reduced, by legislation, in the US, with an outright ban scheduled for 2018. The Canadian
government, while monitoring the use of trans fats in industry, has yet to introduce a plan to
eliminate them from the Canadian diet. The use of trans fats in commercial food production
has, however, decreased considerably over the past decade due largely to consumer demanc
For this reason, trans fats are not being investigated at the Gibson lab.
But fats are extremely complicated. They are essential for good health
- many vitamins and minerals are unavailable to the body without fats
to metabolize them - and vital in maintaining a healthy gut microbiome.
But their function in the gut goes beyond nutrient metabolism. They are
responsible for maintaining microbial balance, regulating inflammation and
discouraging bad bacteria. The roles of the various kinds of fat are only now
being understood.
Fats found in vegetative matter (called Omega 6 fats which also occur in
poultry, eggs and grains) have, historically, made up a relatively small part
of the human diet. However, fats processed from vegetative sources and
made into edible oils have been a part of the human diet for less than one
hundred years. These oils, including corn, canola, and sunflower, make up
the vast majority of oils used in processed food and in cooking oils at home.
Researchers are only now understanding their negative effects.
Omega 3 fats (found in fish oils, nuts and some
grains) have been touted as "good" fats, and,
as a result, have been added as supplements
to many foods, including infant formula.
Omega 3 supplements are claimed to improve
brain function, vitamin A absorption (resulting in
better eyesight) and general heart health, while
Omega 6 oils are promoted as good for heart health
and its positive impact on diabetes. Saturated
fats are just bad.
All suspect, says Gibson. Her metadata shows that Omega 3 supplements
have ncMpact on fetal health, brain function or vision development and
suspicions that Omega 6 fats play a role in the development of diabetes
are now coming to light. Even scarier, Gibson is now investigating data that
shows Omega 3 supplements are actually detrimental to a baby's health,
because they encourage the development of a harmful microbiome.
The problem is, according to Gibson, inflammation in the gut. While some
inflammation is essential for good health - to kill bad bacteria and counter
some infections - too much inflammation has been associated with a host
of diseases such as diabetes, Gl disease and even cancer. Omega 6 fats
epWjias&inf lammation of gut bacteria, while Omega 3 fats discourage it.
Our North American diet loads up on Omega 6 fats, with a much smaller
portion of Omega 3, while saturated fats are discouraged. This combination
is a recipe for dietary disaster because the presence of all that Omega 6 fat  '
in the gut produces a constant state of inflammation.
Gibson and Ghosh with their
children. "Even my kids call me
the Poop Lady,"laughs Gibson.
No topic in the nutritional
canon is more rife with
suspicion, second guessing
and sleight-of-hand than
the function of fat in the
human diet.
Ironically, supplementing one's diet with Omega 3 fats, such as
with fish oil pills or in baby formula, just causes more problems. Too
little inflammation in the gut encourages the development of bad
bacteria and infection in other parts of the body.
The team's research now points to saturated fats as being a possible
solution to the imbalance in our gut created by a surfeit of Omega 6 fat.
"Saturated fat also causes inflammation in the gut," she says, "but we're
discovering that it has all sorts of other, positive effects." It encourages the
production and health of the gut's microbiome, and helps to mitigate the
effects of inflammation. It also doesn't have the negative effects that some
previous, erroneous research said it did have.
What's a person to do with all this seemingly contradictory information?
Balance, says Gibson.
"Saturated fats aren't toxic," she says. "They actually have the ability to
promote healing. My recommendation of the ideal diet for those with, and
without, IBD is to have a good balance, including olive oils, some saturated
fats, and a little fish oil - but from fish in the diet, not supplements." We
should, she suggests, start cooking with butter again, drinking whole milk
and eating cheese. In moderation, of course. And if the Doubting Thomases
need more proof of the validity of this advice, they'll find it in the diaper
contents of the next generation. D
Gibson and her research team are based
at the Microbiome and Inflammatory
Disease Research lab at UBC Okanagan-.
Recent data about the positive effects of
saturated fat have people looking twice at the
old standbys, like butter. Up against trans fat and
vegetable-based fats, butter seems to be climbing
back on top of thegood-for-you food mountain.
But is it true? A study of Canadian dairy
products by Sanjoy Ghosh and lead author
Amy Botta, a PhD student at UBCO, might
put a serious drag on butter's ascent.
Canadian butter, along with that made
in the US and China, has an extremely high
Omega 6 to Omega 3 fat ratio as compared to
butter produced in countries like France and
Germany. Why? Because our dairy cows are
fed a diet almost exclusively made of grain,
while those in France and Germany are grass
fed. The fat produced in grain fed animals
reflects the high Omega 6 fat content of their
feed. Grass fed animals produce fat much
lower in Omega 6 fats. An overabundance of
Omega 6 fats in the diet of humans is implicated
in the development of various health problems
This difference may explain why conflicting
research data exists about the perils or
benefits of butter and, Ghosh suggests, may
illuminate the secret of the French paradox,
where the high-fat French diet doesn't seem
to cause obesity or an increased incidence of
heart disease.
The study was published in the Journal of
Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
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Members of armed groups who commit acts of
horrific violence are typically written off as monsters.
But PhD candidate Will Plowright, BA'10, says we
have more to gain by understanding them as ordinary
human beings trapped in extraordinary circumstances.
By Chris Cannon
Know your enemy.
These three simple words, lifted from Sun Tzu's
2500-year-old masterwork The Art of War, are the
foundation of any viable military strategy. Writ large, as
most conflicts are grounded in stubborn ignorance, they
are often the key to finding a lasting peace.
They also lie at the heart of Will Plowright's research,
a bold initiative to understand - even humanize - the
boogeymen of the world who have largely been written
off as enemies of the species. Ever since he found himself
face-to-face with members of Uganda's Lord's Resistance
Army (LRA) in 2011, Plowright has been intrigued by the
limited understanding the general public has about the
motivations of armed people in foreign lands. His research
has since taken him into some of the darkest hearts of
Africa, as well as Afghanistan, Colombia, Papua New
Guinea, Myanmar, Palestine, and Haiti.
This is not what he was expecting to do with his
life. A wanderer at heart, he had spent his teens and
20s bouncing between his native Vancouver and
backpacking trips around the world, always noticing the
pockets of misfortune he felt powerless to affect. After
returning home and enrolling at UBC as a seasoned first-
year, where he double-majored in history and political
science, he continued his travels by volunteering for NGOs in conflict areas: War Child Holland,
the Darfur Australia Network, HIV projects in Swaziland, a school for street children in Peru.
It was during one of these trips that Plowright's academic future came into focus. He was
in Northern Uganda on a grant from the Canadian International Development Agency to
study psycho-social support for former child soldiers. A friend working on his PhD had set up
an interview with two mid-level LRA officials who were considering defection, and he invited
Plowright along for the ride. They met at a bar in the town of Gulu, where both the Ugandan
government and the LRA had histories of brutal attacks against the civilian population. Plowright
was in unknown territory. It was his 29th birthday.
"It was in a fancy hotel owned
by an officer in the Ugandan
military," he recalls, "so it was
quite a strange place to be
meeting members of the LRA. It
was odd to be in a nice garden of
a nice hotel in a very poor country,
drinking beer in a restaurant
owned by the mortal enemy of
the people I was talking to."
The Lord's Resistance Army,
a mercurial Christian militant
group, would soon come to the
attention of Western media in
the form of its leader, Joseph
Kony, deplored for his practice of using child soldiers to
achieve his aim of turning Uganda into an ethnically pure
theocracy. Over the span of three decades, his Holy Spirit
Movement has displaced more than 2 million civilians and
turned 66,000 children into soldiers and sex slaves.
"They described their lives," continues Plowright,
"which involved a great deal of suffering and insecurity,
as well as stories of them visiting suffering on others. At
the same time, they seemed so nice and normal. I can't
think of any word to describe it other than surreal."
Jarred by the unexpectedly polite reception in Gulu,
Plowright began to realize how little we know our enemy.
"That was the defining moment," he says from his
temporary home in Holland as he prepares for new
missions in Afghanistan and Central African Republic.
"You read a lot about guys like that, and the dominant
narratives of most conflicts - but especially people
like the LRA - is that they're monsters, they're brutal,
they're cruel. But then sitting down and talking with
them, they're just normal people in sort of horrendous
situations. They're able to rationalize why they're
involved in conflicts. They don't seem like inhuman psychopaths, just normal
guys who got pulled into the conflict against their will."
Plowright would spend the next six years trying to understand the nature
of fighters in armed groups, focusing not on the dogma of the group, but on
the motivation of the individual. Rotating between the field and the classroom
- a master's in conflict studies from the London School of Economics before
returning to UBC for his PhD - he questioned the widely held assumption that
these men and women don't care what the world thinks of them, that they are
willing participants in a game of unthinkable brutality. He wanted to collect
their individual stories, to trace the many
paths that led them each to hell on earth.
Where others saw evil, Plowright saw
a cycle of victimhood.
Sometimes they are born into war.
paths that led them When p|0Wright visited Myanmar,
he discovered a country under harsh
military rule for more than 50 years,
locked in an ethnic civil war that has
been raging longer than most Burmese
have been alive. But most are re-born
into war. They have ordinary lives:
jobs, families, futures. And then a "barrel bomb" - an
army of nails packed into 1,000 kilos of high explosive
- indiscriminately falls into their living-room, and
they have nothing.
"I met guys who were fighting with groups like Al
Nusra," says Plowright, "and they were saying, Look, we
would never have signed up, but our city's being bombed, and
people are being killed, and no one is trying to help us. These
are the only people showing up to help us fight back. So in that
kind of context, what do you say to someone? That they're
wrong for joining up with the only group of people that's
trying to help them? It's heartbreaking for these guys.
He wanted to collect
their individual stories,
to trace the many
s that led them
each to hell on earth.
Where others saw evil,
Plowright saw a cycle
of victimhood.
Although the fundamental approach to doctoral education has not
changed significantly since it was instituted in the early 19th century as
a means to regenerate the professoriate, most PhD graduates now pursue
careers outside of academia, where they contribute immeasurably to the
public good through diverse forms of scholarship.
The Public Scholars Initiative (PSI) is an innovative pilot program
intended to explore how a top-tier university can support doctoral
pathways that encourage purposeful social contribution, innovative
forms of collaborative scholarship, and broader career readiness. It
seeks to build connections, community, and capacity for PhD students
who are interested in explicitly linking their doctoral work to an arena of
public benefit and integrating broader and more career-relevant forms of
scholarship into their doctoral education process.
Will Plowright was among 39 PhD students to be selected as the first
cohort of the PSI in 2015.
What does being a Public Scholar mean to you?
Marrying the passions of academic research with the practical necessities
of the real world.
In what ways do you think the PhD experience can be re-imagined with the
Public Scholars Initiative?
I thinkthe emphasis can be pulled backfrom the abstract and the purely
theoretical, and challenge people to adapt their research to the real world,
rather than the other way around.
How do you envision connecting your PhD work with broader
career possibilities?
I hope to become a successful academic, while continuing my
humanitarian work with organizations like MSF.
How does your research engage with the larger community and
social partners?
I work directly with humanitarian organizations in order to investigate
ways that my research can serve a practical purpose for those working in
conflict zones, especially on issues related to child soldiers.
How do you hope your work can make a contribution to the "public good"?
By producing materials for those working in conflict zones, as well as
training programs for those going to work in violent contexts.
Why did you decide to pursue a graduate degree?
I wanted to increase my understanding of the dynamics of conflict
from a more theoretical perspective. Whereas I have a large amount of
practical experience on the ground, it has been amazing to complement
that with a broader understand in the trends of insurgency and
humanitarian assistance in conflict zones.
Why did you choose to come to British Columbia and study at UBC?
I chose to come to UBC because it is an amazing university, with a very
well-renowned Department of Political Science. That, and Vancouver is
one of the most amazing places in the world.
 the war whisperer
Aleppo in rums.
Photo: BARAA
Getty Images -*
People in combat zones - soldiers,
rebels, journalists, humanitarians,
other - are there for a variety of
reasons, and cope in a variety of
ways. But one thing they have in
common, especially the fighters,
is that none of them really want
to be there, a subtlety missed
by the media when they report
on non-state armed groups.
*■ ■     -
This isn't exactly new information in the conflict
community. The ones who understand are the ones
dodgingthesame bullets and hiding the same shrapnel
scars, the humanitarians and mediators and other
conflict workers who must negotiate access with the
rmed groups. Ultimately, these are Plowright's allies
and the most likely means for his work to take meaning
- non-military and non-government organizations have
little power to stop the carnage, but they can alleviate
the suffering of those caught in the middle.
Plowright hopes to cooperate with humanitarian
workers to address the use of child soldiers, who are far
easierto kidnap and indoctrinate than adults, and who
represent the cycle of victimhood he sees repeating
itself - a tragedy not lost on the groups that employ
them. He hopes by understanding why armed groups
use child soldiers despite the international contempt
the practice generates, he can figure out the how that
would get them to stop.
But in most Western democracies, this knowledge
doesn't translate into political will. "You could imagine
what would happen to most politicians if they came
out and said what I just said," offers Plowright. "No
politician is going to stick their neck out to argue we
should be humanizing people in armed groups."
In the absence of leadership,
weturntoourscreensforthe yjQ don't ask
message. Even when the terrorist
is homegrown, or when our own        tneir names.
soldiers can't tell the enemy about their bl
fromthe populace, we blamethe      that brand JS '
demons lurking in the rubble.
We inform ourselves with a two-minute video on our
news feeds - bodies piled in Paris and Orlando, hospitals
bombed in Afghanistan and Syria - we see these
atrocities and we blame it on monsters. The media stamp
the monsters with theme music and dark graphics, and
we respond with Pavlovian efficiency, doing our part by
choosingthe sad emoji over the simple like. We don't
ask the monsters their names. We only care about their
brand, and that brand is ev/7.
"People don't generally seekto be evil," Plowright
points out. "They do what they do because they think
it's right. Now of course whether or not we agree with
what they do is a completely different matter. But that
doesn't mean it's monsters or psychopaths that do
these violent acts that we see in the media and get
very upset about. The scary part is that it is just normal
people who do these things."
Understandably, his work is not always well-received.
Summary keywords like terrorist and radical paint a dark
picture that does not welcome the light. He's been called
naive, a dupe, a fool. He gets random email from strangers
questioning his judgment. During a radio interview in
Australia, the host called him a terrorist sympathizer.
We don't ask the monsters
their names. We only care
about their brand, and
that brand is evil.
But he regularly puts his life on the line to steal a quiet moment with the devil. Tea with ISIS.
Heinekens with Myanmar rebels. In Syria, he could hardly keep track of the number of fighting groups,
and remained tethered to a duo of local handlers to keep him from looking in the wrong direction.
Fear became the norm, but also a reminder of what normal is. "Anyone who works in conflict
zones, if you're not scared and upset about the violence around you, then you should probably
think about leaving," Plowright says. He focused on being conscious of what was going on around
him and how it was affecting him emotionally. Explosions and gunfire aren't normal things, but
when you're surrounded by them around the clock, they can seem routine, and that's when
people begin to take risks. He didn't want to be like the journalists he saw in Aleppo, who, finding
themselves in the middle of a gun battle, stopped to take a selfie.
People in combat zones- soldiers, rebels, journalists, humanitarians and others-are there
for a variety of reasons, and cope in a variety of ways. But one thing they have in common,
especially the fighters, is that none of them really want to be there, a subtlety missed by the
media when they report on non-state armed groups.
Even in the academic literature, which Plowright dove into after his first encounter, he
was dismayed by the lack of perspective. "People who are in armed groups, they're seen as
terrorists, they're seen as greedy, they're brutes, they're thugs, they're warlords. But it's very
rare that people are doing it out of a love for violence, or even just a lust for power, because most
of the people involved in armed conflicts have little or no power. They're not seen as human
beings, and they're not treated in a lot of the literature as human beings."
It's called pseudospeciation: the practice (often unconscious) of relegating others into non-
human categories. It's why conflict is so often articulated in racial terms, especially by soldiers,
who lean on this coping mechanism to rationalize the sheer inhumanity of their mission. It's
what allows us to relegate armed groups-sometimes entire nations-to prey status because
they are something other than human.
Plowright wants to bring this insidious narrative into the public discussion,
o mnnctorc     to help us understand the people behind these atrocities and how they got
where they are. "The entire point is to try to connect with people on a human
- Only Care level," he says, "not just get data from people, but to try to understand them,
id, and what they think and feel about what they're caught up in."
In short, ignorance of ones foe is the enemy of peace. It s why we keep
dropping bombs, landing troops, tripping over our own best intentions,
regretting our lack of foresight, and then doing it all again. It's no coincidence that ISIS and
similar groups are targeting Western countries, says Plowright. "These things don't just happen
out of nowhere. We need to remember our own role in historical events. Over the last 10 or
15 years, the West has invaded, bombed, and/or occupied Afghanistan, Pakistan, Yemen, Syria,
Palestine, Libya, Egypt-the list goes on and on. We need to think about these actions and how
our involvement in these conflicts justifies what these armed groups do. Because a lot of them see
themselves as responding to something we started."
War has never been a battle between opposing military forces. In terms of body count,
war is simply the slaughter of innocents. In any given conflict, more than half of the dead are
civilians-far more if you account for noncombatants who took up arms in desperation -with
exponentially more forced into the night as refugees, a status that can last for generations.
Those of us who enjoy the relative safety of a superpower or a "peaceful" nation may be
surprised to find out who we're fighting. We see animals, and they want to hurt people, so we
drop some bombs and then act surprised when they turn their attention our way. "Conflict rarely
has a military answer," says Plowright, "and when you engage the military in someone else's
conflict, that conflict's going to follow you home." Time and again, we repeat this fallacy that
aiming missiles at ISIS or bombing a bronze-age populace into the stone age is going to stop
the violence, but usually we just create more misery, more refugees, more armed groups. You
cannot understand your enemy from the sky.
"The image most people in the West have is that they are rabid, brainwashed Islamofascists
- they're psychos, they're crazy - no, they're not," says Plowright. "They're a 19-year-old guy who
wanted to go to university until a Russian bomb destroyed his household and killed his family.
What is he supposed to do after that? What would you do after that?" D
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When people set foot in Wesbrook Village for
the first time, the reaction is often one of
astonishment. With its forest-fresh natural location,
best-in-class sustainable architecture, enviable parks
and public spaces, and a strong commitment to a
healthy community fabric, Wesbrook is certainly a
remarkable West Coast neighbourhood. Today,
UBC's fifth (and largest) community boasts 4,600
residents, five full parks, and more than 25 shops and
services. For the UBC community as a whole,
Wesbrook Village affords some big-time benefits.
1   -1
Wesbrook boasts a broad mosaic
of housing options - from
rentals (professionally managed
by Wesbrook Properties), to
retirement residences (Tapestry)
to homes for a lifetime. There's
truly something for everyone here,
knit nicely into our community.
Our two newest home collections
- Virtuoso from Adera and Eton
from Polygon - are now available
for viewing.
When it comes to food, shops,
and services, our cup runneth over
here at Wesbrook Village. Bike
shops, bankers, barbers, bakers,
grocers, multiple restaurants and
takeout options, liquor store,
insurance, optical, medical,
dental, and more. There's even
a big patio to tip back a Belgian
pint. Come on down and explore.
Make a day of it.
With five parks and four
playgrounds throughout our
forested neighbourhood,
Wesbrook has a very healthy
public realm. And our bright,
new Wesbrook Community
Centre completes the offering.
The 30,000 square foot timber
structure offers 200+ programs,
a new Splash Pad, fitness centre,
and gorgeous purpose-built
Some of the best arts and culture
icons in the Lower Mainland are
at UBC - and Wesbrook Village
is a stone's throw away. These
include: Chan Centre for the
Performing Arts, Museum of
Anthropology, Nitobe Japanese
Garden, Beaty Biodiversity
Museum, Morris & Helen Belkin
Art Gallery, Frederic Wood
Theatre and more.
 An annual outreach dental clinic in a remote
Aboriginal community provides a powerful
learning experience for UBC students.
By Roberta Staley
Photos by Tallulah Photography
Wearing a dirty straw cowboy hat, grey t-shirt,
suspenders and jeans, Jack Ward, 73, sips coffee
at a wooden table in Lee's Corner Gas coffee shop
along Highway 20, west of Williams Lake in British
Columbia's Chilcotin region. Ward's deeply tanned
face is as weathered as an old log, the result of
decades spent on horseback herding cattle, keeping
a watch out for wolves and thieves. "Back in '82 or '83
we lost 21 of our herd to cattle rustlers," he reminisces
surrounded by the shop's collection of stuffed wild
animals, including a shabby, snarling mountain lion.
Ward is at the store, which was
founded in 1891 as a trading post,
gathering his nerve for a trip to
the dentist - his first since the
1970s. "Had a bad experience," he
explains. A dentist had responded
to Ward's complaint of an achy
tooth by poking the offending
molar with a periodontal probe. Ward, whose mouth
wasn't frozen yet, nearly ricocheted out of the dental
chair. He never visited a dentist again. And this, says
Ward, displaying two desolate rows of teeth - three
upper and four lower, as grey and askew as neglected
tombstones - is the sorry result.
Ward's date with dental destiny would take place
later that day at the Anaham reserve, a short drive
west along Highway 20, where students from UBC's
Faculty of Dentistry are running a three-day clinic.
This is the fourth year that UBC dental and hygiene
students have made the July trip to provide free dental
care to Anaham residents. The volunteer initiative is
a partnership between UBC and the Richmond, BC-
based non-profit group Dental Mission Project, which
provides the equipment and supplies needed to set up
mobile clinics in far-flung communities like Anaham as
well as in the developing world.
The fact that the clinic is free - in addition to
a health-centre nurse's insistance that Ward deal with
the infection caused by his rotting teeth - has helped
him muster up the courage to face a dentist for the
first time in nearly half a century. "I'm on a pension, so
I can't afford a dentist," says Ward, who is Aboriginal
only on his mother's side and thus not eligible for Health
Canada's First Nations and Inuit Health dental benefits.
Neglect as severe as Ward's isn't unusual among
the 83 patients that the 16 UBC dental students and
four UBC dental hygienists see during their stay at the
reserve, home to the Tl'etinqox-t'in, one of six separate
bands that make up the Chilcotin First Nation. The
three-day undertaking, which takes place every summer,
may seem like a stopgap measure in a community whose
members - children to adults - not only suffer a myriad
of dental problems but are woefully uninformed about
Some residential schools
used veterinarians rather
than dentists to care for
pupils' teeth, generating
a life-long fear of dentistry
oral hygiene. The clinic, however, with its eager students supervised by UBC dentistry faculty,
is part of a sea change that is helping the Chilcotin people to not only establish a foundation of
community health but also to extricate themselves from the psychological and physical horrors
of the residential school system. In a small but significant way, the clinic is helping rectify some
of the tragic history between European settlers and Canada's Aboriginal peoples.
"For us, because of the residential school system, dental work is very intimidating,
especially for our elders," says Anaham chief Joe Alphonse, dressed in cowboy hat, jeans and
meticulously pressed shirt. He notes the importance of the temporary clinic being set up on
the reserve: "Coming into our home to do this work - it's part of our healing." Alphonse is also
tribal chairman for all six bands that make up the 5,000-strong Tsilhqot'in (Chilcotin) nation,
which means "People of The River." In addition to the Tl'etinqox-t'in (Anaham) band, there are
the Yunest'in (Stone), Xeni Gwet'in (Nemiah), Tl'esqoxt'in (Toosey),
Tsi Del Del (Redstone) and ?Esdilagh (Alexandria) bands.
UBC dean of Dentistry Charles Shuler, who isn't present this July but
has attended Anaham clinics in the past, says that some residential
schools used veterinarians rather than dentists to care for pupils' teeth,
generating a life-long fear of dentistry. "I was stunned when I first heard
this," says Shuler. "The elders said, 'they treated us like animals.'" The
result is that many former residential school residents avoid dentists for
a lifetime and end up losing their teeth. Until recently, the Anaham reserve had a day school that
was run by Catholic nuns, and these students returned home at the end of the day. However,
many other Chilcotin children were sent to St. Joseph's Indian Residential School, also known as
Cariboo Indian Residential School, on the outskirts of William's Lake.
In comparison, the UBC dental students have developed a reputation for patience and
kindness, helping to nurture a dentist-positive outlook with youngsters like nine-year-old
Safire ShaNeil Lovett Cooper. Safire has just been dropped off by her mom at the Tl'etinqoxt'in
Health Services building for a checkup. She's nervous and has to be coaxed into climbing onto
the dental chair. Dental students Amar Dev and Emily Thong, as well as Dr. Kelvin Leung, who
graduated from UBC dental school this past June, take their time examining Safire's teeth.
They find eight cavities on her permanent molars and diagnose the white spots speckling her
front teeth as pre-cavity lesions. The discovery is, perhaps, not surprising. Safire recounts
what she had for breakfast: Cocoa Puffs, and admits that her favourite things to drink are juice
and bottled ice tea. Thong takes the time to explain to Safire the danger of "sugar bugs:" sweet
things contain sugar that in turn creates acid, which eats away the teeth. Safire, who later
says that she stayed calm during the examination by "thinking about horses," leaves happy,
gripping a new toothbrush in her favourite colour of purple.
Dental student Nick Aytoglu
takes x-rays of Jack Ward at the\
Tl'etinqoxt'in Health Services
building on the Anaham reserve.
 oral history
The long-term treatment plan needed to deal
with Safire's raft of cavities is beyond the UBC
clinic's capabilities. This is where Dr. Christine
Constabel comes in. Constabel is on contract with
the Tsilhqot'in National Government to provide
dental care three days a month to Anaham band
members and one day a month to members of
nearby Nemiah reserve. A retired associate at
Cariboo Dental Clinic in William's Lake and a part-
time dentistry faculty member at UBC, Constabel
says that the annual student dental mission helps
improve her efforts to boost oral health awareness
in the community, as many people attend the clinic
who normally wouldn't bother going for a checkup.
"It's a bit of a happening event; sometimes
I compare it to a circus coming to town," says
Constabel, who sports a short blond bob and wire
rim glasses. "I have a reputation to be quite friendly
and not so scary, yet the students are a bigger
draw - gentle and kind." The trust generated by the
students is invaluable, she says, helping her build
rapport with the community.
As it turns out, Jack Ward's courage doesn't fail
him on the drive to Anaham's Tl'etinqox-t'in Health
Services building, and he trudges into the clinic
room and sits down in a dental chair. He will be
examined by Nick Aytoglu, a fourth-year student,
and third-year student Kimberly Paterson. Ward's
fear and trepidation are evident from the outset:
"If I'm in pain," he blusters to Aytoglu, "I'm going
to grab your testicles!"
"They are there for you to grab anytime," Aytoglu
counters good-humouredly.
Aytoglu and Paterson can tell that there is no
saving Ward's teeth, which include five molars,
some ground down to the roots, in addition to the
seven decaying front ones. Aytoglu, however, errs
on the side of diplomacy, giving Ward the final
decision on the fate of his frail chompers. It turns
out that Ward wants them pulled so he can get
dentures. After thoroughly freezing both sides of
Ward's mouth, Paterson and Aytoglu set to work.
Aytoglu refers to Ward throughout the
procedure as "boss" - an acknowledgement that
the patient is in charge. Aytoglu and Paterson
extract four teeth and ask Ward to return the
following day to extract the remaining eight.
Afterwards, they help initiate arrangements
for Ward to see a denturist, who will fit him for
dentures once the extractions have healed in six
weeks' time. Aytoglu advises Ward - a heavy
smoker since age 13 - to cut back on the cigarettes
to support recovery. Upon leaving Tl'etinqox-t'in
Health Services, however, Ward stops to light up.
The UBC dental students have developed
a reputation for patience and kindness,
helping nurture a dentist-positive outlook
with youngsters like nine-year-old Safire.
In "The Children's Oral Health Initiative," recently published in the Canadian Journal of Public Health, lead
author and UBC pediatric dentistry assistant professor Dr. Kavita Mathu-Muju wrote that First Nation and
Inuit children have higher rates of tooth decay and untreated dental caries than other Canadian children.
Among Aboriginal children aged three to five, 85 per cent had decay. The average number of decayed,
missing or filled primary teeth was 8.22 per child. Nearly half (49 per cent) of the decayed teeth were untreated.
Dr. Bill Brymer, who retired this past June as
a clinical assistant professor at UBC's Faculty of
Dentistry, is one of the dentists supervising the
students. On the second morning, he gives them
a lecture on pain management. Pain is a pivotal issue
with First Nations peoples, especially those who
endured a stint in a residential school, he explains.
When they protested any kind of uncomfortable
treatment there, they were "clipped over the head
and told to shut up and bear it." This conditioning at
the hands of residential school abusers makes them
too fearful to speak up if they feel pain because their
mouths aren't properly frozen. "So triple-check your
freezing," is Brymer's advice. "This is what will make
you successful in dentistry - your patients know you
won't hurt them." A reputable practice isn't based
upon having the latest high-tech equipment, nor upon
impressive medical lingo, he adds. "Avoid the jargon,
or a young patient will get really scared. And smile."
It is a valuable lesson for the budding dentists,
who upon graduation often face student debts of
$200,000 or more and might fall into the business
model trap of "drill, fill and bill." Brymer says that
treating people like those in Anaham, or the residents
of Vancouver's poverty-stricken Downtown Eastside,
where UBC dental students also hold free clinics, is a way to give back.
"Students who give back tend to be way happier and have a more centred
life," he says.
The students provide more than $20,000 in free dental services to the
people of Anaham and members of the surrounding communities. In
return, they experience a cultural immersion that is a striking contrast
to their urban, university milieu. In the evenings, they learn to play the
traditional Aboriginal game Lahal, a ferociously competitive guessing
game played with sticks that pits two teams against one another. They
raft down the Chilcotin River past the American White Pelican nesting
site. Others opt to go fishing for spring salmon in the Chilcotin's turgid,
green-brown waters. The students try bannock, a traditional bread that
is a staple in many Aboriginal diets, as well as smoked, dried venison and
the red fruit of the soapberry. Anaham council member Cecil Grinder also
has the students partake in the legend of the broken circle. He says the
experience, which is acted out by participants, shows how the residential
school system removed children from their parents and elders, leading to
the loss not only of language but also of meaning in the lives of Aboriginal
families and communities, and causing people to turn to drugs and alcohol
to numb the pain.
"We got to work on much more challenging things than we see at
school," says Nick Aytoglu. "It was an amazing experience." Third-year
student Viktoria Kirsten agrees. "The people here are super friendly and
have so much to share," she says. "They are teaching us so much more
than we give them." D
 'nt Ono s
other, Takashi,
In 7967, during
his time as a n
; at UBC
Santa and
Wendy with
-Juliana (R)
and Sarah
Santa Ono with his
wife, Wendy Yip.
How a shy young man
transformed from "nerdy"
student with a musical
bent to university president
with "rock star" status.
By Richard Littlemore
"I look back on the introvert I knew in high school, and I wonder: how do you make
that transition?"
The speaker is Edwin Gosnell, a man much-celebrated for the influence he had during
a 30-year career as a high school biology teacher in Towson, Maryland, just across the county
line from Baltimore. And the erstwhile introvert of whom he speaks is his former student,
Professor Santa Jeremy Ono, now the gregarious and ebullient 15th president of the University
of British Columbia.
Gosnell came across the "typical, nerdy" young Ono at Towson High School in the late
1970s. "Santa ran the AV (audio/visual) crew, and you know what those kids are like,"
Gosnell says. But try as he might to keep a low profile, Santa stood out. First of all, Gosnell
says, "If you booked a 16-millimetre camera and Santa was in charge, you knew it would be
in your room on time; he was really good at every single thing he did." Santa was also tireless
and restlessly ambitious. He couldn't fit all the science courses he wanted into his regular
schedule, so he prevailed upon the school's best biology teacher for tutoring in anatomy
between classes. Says Gosnell: "I went to the principal of the day and got out of hall duty
to make time in my schedule." And the teaching "was just a pleasure." Seeing the passion
and potential of his new student, Gosnell also started taking Santa to biology lectures at
Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore. In an under-resourced and overcrowded school,
the teacher also spent his own money on research equipment and stayed late after school
to supervise so Santa could begin his own promising research career.
The two men stayed in touch through the years, and Ono, by then president of the
University of Cincinnati, was largely responsible for Gosnell receivingthe President's
Award for Excellence in 2015. And when Gosnell travelled to Cincinnati to pick up the
honour, he says he was amazed by Ono's profile and popularity: "Even the cab driver said,
'That Santa guy - he's a rock star.'"
Santa Ono was born in Vancouver on November 23,
1962, the second son of a UBC mathematics professor
named Takashi Ono and a language teacher, Sachiko
(Morita) Ono. But before his second birthday, the
family was off to the US, where Takashi taught at
the University of Pennsylvania for two years, and
then settled in Baltimore, teaching at Johns Hopkins
University until his retirement in 2011. Theirs was a strict
and diligent house, full of books and music. Takashi
plays piano, and Santa's older brother, Momoro, also
a pianist, is now a professor of music at Creighton
University in Omaha, Nebraska. His younger brother,
Ken, is a professor of mathematics at Emory University
in Atlanta, Georgia.
Santa Ono plays cello, an experience that has been
life-changing in more ways than one. After graduating
from Towson High (and sneaking out of the house
in his father's too-small suit to attend the forbidden
high school prom), Ono did a bachelor's in biology at
the University of Chicago. He then went on to pursue
a PhD in experimental medicine at McGill University
in Montreal, where he once worked in a lab with
two other musically inclined students, a flautist and
a pianist. They started playing as a trio, but the pianist,
a Montrealer named Gwendolyn (Wendy) Yip, seemed
the more committed of the two. As Ono's father-in-law
(the late Gar Lam Yip, professor at McGill University)
said at Ono and Yip's weddingthree years later, "The
trio became a duo."
An immunologist who trained at McGill, Yip
passed up an opportunity to study medicine at the
University of Toronto to follow Ono to Boston, where
he was a postdoctoral fellow at Harvard. Instead, Yip
attended the Boston University School of Law and
went on to practice patent law, which she later taught
at the London School of Economics. More recently,
she has devoted herself to volunteer work in the
community, homemakingand the raising of their two
children, Juliana, 18 (flautist and artist), and Sarah,
12 (pianist and athlete).
The news release dropped late on a hot
afternoon in August: the president was resigning,
early in his tenure and for unspecified "personal
reasons." There were rumors, unconfirmed, of
a problematic relationship between the President's
Office and the Board of Trustees.
This scenario played out at the University of
Cincinnati (UC) in 2012 and was followed by an ugly
public controversy surroundingthe reported spending
habits and the $i.3-million severance package of
outgoing president Gregory Williams. But UC had an
ace in the hole: a popular provost and vice president
of Academics, named Santa Ono, who stepped into
the president's role on an interim basis but was soon
appointed formally as Williams's successor. In addition
to an impressive career as a researcher, particularly in
immunoregulation, ocular surface inflammation and
the immune basis of age-related macular degeneration,
Ono had long since emerged as a skilled administrator
- at the Schepens Eye Research Institute at Harvard;
at University College London, where he was associate
dean of students; at Emory University, where he was
senior vice provost for Undergraduate Education and
Academic Affairs; and finally as provost at UC.
Perhaps most remarkable, for someone who Ed
Gosnell remembered as being intensely introverted, Ono
also established himself as the most open and accessible
president in UC history. UC Board of Trustees member
Ron Brown says, "Santa could connect with anyone at any
level." In addition to developing a high-functioning and
mutually respectful relationship at the board level, Brown
says, "The students loved him."
There might be two explanations for that I
affection. One, certainly, is Ono's savvy use of I
social media. He had more than 77,000 followers        I
on his UC Twitter account and was famously
responsive, amplifying student concerns by
'Even the cab driver
said, 'That Santa guy -
he's a rock star.'
o ,0
 the selfless ceo
retweeting messages that he received directly and sorted personally. For
example, UC librarian and dean of libraries Xuemao Wang says that he
wasn't the least surprised to get a retweet from President Ono with a student
request to have a microwave installed in a library study hall. It was clear
on occasions such as this that Ono was bringing the issue to the dean's
attention, not ordering a particular action. This was good, since the fire
marshal forbade the addition of a microwave in the library. But Ono's next
retweet highlighted a student request that at least one library study space be
open 24/7. Wang says Ono worked directly with the library and the provost
to find budget to make that happen. The net effect, Wang says, was that
students recognized that their voices were being heard and taken seriously.
The second reason for
President Ono's popularity
among students might be
his tendency to reach out
personally to support students
in need. One such student was
Jacob Turner, a sophomore at
UC when he first heard from
Ono. Turner had caught Ono's
attention with an angry online
outburst about the creationist
religious community around
Covington, Kentucky, currently
~   I
high school mentor
cu uusne;;. Photo courtesy of
the University of Cincinnati.
1 says the cut in pay was certainly
onsideration, but the personal and
r .'ofessional draw of UBC was overwhelming.
"Money is not my primary motivation," he says
Gupta's salary was less than $450,000 CAD. President Ono was receiving
$631,000 USD at Cincinnati, not counting bonuses, and had previously
rejected a retention bonus of a further $1 million.
Ono says the cut in pay was certainly a consideration, but the personal
and professional draw of UBC was overwhelming. "Money is not my primary
motivation," he says. "I am paid more than enough, and I wanted to set an
example. It's not a matter of how much you yourself have, it's a matter of
what you can do to make the lives of others better - especially those who
are most needy."
This, clearly, is what the website Upworthy had noticed when it included
Ono among nine exemplary CEOs who had distinguished themselves for
selfless leadership in 2015. The honorees ranged from people like Virgin
CEO Richard Branson, who instituted a one-year parental leave at 100 per
cent pay, to Ono, who had donated his $200,000 USD bonus to programs
supporting first-generation college, LGBTQ and low-income UC students,
as well as local high schools and community groups.
Of all the questions that you might ask Santa Ono, the one he seems least
willing to answer is: what are his plans and preferences for UBC? Having
launched a visioning exercise in the beginning of September, he says he would
like to leave the floor open to others, adding "When the CEO speaks early on, it
stifles the conversation." This is not to say he doesn't have priorities: research,
teaching and pedagogy, the effectiveness of UBC's health-related faculties,
and "what UBC can do for Vancouver, for British
Columbia, for Canada, and for the world."
As for a big direction, "I keep saying, from
excellence to eminence," Ono says, adding that
not enough people know how good UBC really is.
"That's something I'd really like to change." D
home to the organization Answers in Genesis (AiG), which is dedicated to
convincing Americans that the world is only 6,000 years old. Turner had
grown up in the same congregation as AiG founder Ken Ham, and Turner's
mother had worked in the Creation Museum in nearby Petersburg,
Kentucky. Yet, on reaching UC, Turner discovered and quickly fell in love
with science and, by second year, he was lashing out online as a gesture,
he says, "for other kids trapped in sheltered circles of education."
Turner says now, "Somehow, Santa found that blog post and he invited me
to his office. Santa's a Christian and he shared with me a side of Christianity
that I hadn't seen - not the horrible, hateful side of Christianity." It was
a difficult time, including a bumpy period in Turner's relationship with his
parents (who have since left the AiG congregation), but Ono was there for
him, as "a science and personal mentor."
"We talked about wildly ambitious things, and he told me I was going to
do good things in science." Given that Turner - "a first-generation college
student" - is now in his third year of an immunology PhD at Harvard, Ono
appears to have been correct.
In the tense period following the departure of UBC's 13th president,
Arvind Gupta, there was widespread concern about UBC searching for
a replacement in a time of unease. For example, people worried whether
UBC could offer a salary that great candidates might regard as "competitive."
UBC alumni are capable of amazing things. This November, at the alumni UBC
Achievement Awards, we honoured eight inspiring members of the UBC community who,
through their extraordinary endeavours, have created positive change.
Find out more at alumni.ubc.ca/events/awards
global executive search
CM., BA'66, LLD'02
A giant of Canada's communications and
media industry whose strategic advice and
generous support have been vital to many
UBC endeavours, includingthe extraordinarily
successful start an evolution campaign.
. Tara Cu
A long-time environmental and human rights
activist who has worked with indigenous peoples
in Canada and abroad on novel and highly
effective campaigns to protect ancestral lands
under threat from loggingand damming.
BA'82, MA'86, PhD'90
A health promotion researcher who focuses
on vulnerable populations and works to reduce
disparities in health care using a community-
based, participatory approach for identifying
and sharing best practices.
Dr. Herbert Rosengarten
A popular professor emeritus with
50 years of service who has i nf I uenced
almost every aspect of UBC's
operations, chronicled the university's
ascent, and established highly-valued
connections between the university and
the Ifroader community it serves.
Dr. Donald, BSc'68,MD'7o &
Elizabeth, BSc'70(Rehabilitation) MacRitchie
Active members of the Prince George
community who advocate for improved
health care in BC - particularly in
remote northern communities - and
Drovide inraluable support for students
in the Faculty of Medicine's Northern
Medical Program.
Dr. Jessica Otte
A young physician and patient
advocate who champions a "less
is more" approach to prescribing
treatment, and seeks to effect
systemic diange in health care
provision using a patient-centred,
eviderrce-based approach.
Christopher Roach
An outstanding PhD candidate
in genome sciences and
technology and a highly engaged
campus leader who is dedicated
to serving his community and
creating a first-raft student
experience at UBC.
alumni ubc 2017
Do you know a graduate, student, faculty or friend of UBC who deserves to be recognized
as a leader, advocate, artist or visionary? This is your chance to bring them into the limelight.
To nominate online, visit alumni.ubc.ca/nominate. nomination deadline: Friday, January 27,2017
 '^Prince William chats with Heat
women's volleyball player Aiden
Lea after an inter-squad game .
* V.in the gymnasium.
The Duke and Duchess
of Cambridge visited
UBC Okanagan on
September 27 as part of
their 2016 tour of Canada.
There was a public ceremony in
the Central Courtyard to dedicate
a new Aboriginal art installation
commemorating UBC's centennial
and the 10th anniversary of the
Okanagan campus.
The duke and duchess then
headed to the gymnasium, joinin.
approximately 1,500 UBC students
to watch an inter-squad game with
the UBC Okanagan Heat women's
volleyball team.
 For more than 20 years, Tetsuro
Shigematsu, MFA'll, has been telling
stories across an array of media. He
is a writer, actor, performance artist,
broadcaster, stand-up comic, scholar,
filmmaker, and theatre artist. A former
writer for This Hour Has 22 Minutes,
in 2004 he became the first person
of colour to host a daily national radio
program in Canada, where he co-wrote
and co-produced nearly a thousand
hours of network programming.
Shigematsu's award-winning body
of work in film, television, radio, new
media, and theatre continues to be
taught in Canadian and American
universities as examples of creative
possibility. He is currently pursuing
his PhD as a Vanier Scholar at UBC.
When I was accepted into UBC's MFA Creative
Writing program back in 2011,1 was returning to school
mid-career as a mature student, which is a euphemistic
way of saying my career wasn't exactly on fire. I had
tried my luck in Hollywood and failed. Life had given
me a good beating, and I needed a cave to crawl into so
I could gather my energy, buy some time and figure out
my next move. That cave turned out to be Acadia Park,
UBC graduate student housing on the edge of the
rainforests of Pacific Spirit Park.
Six years prior in 2005,1 had moonwalked out of
a national hosting gig on the CBC. "Hi, I'm Tetsuro
Shigematsu. You're listening to The Roundup here on
CBC Radio One!" Does that ring a bell? No? Well lemme
tell you, every weekday my voice was heard from coast
to coast by over a million weekly listeners. These days
I make theatre. Oh, how the mighty have fallen.
Given my background as a broadcaster, such
a downward career trajectory strikes some people as
counterintuitive, or maybe just sad. Usually people are
trying to go in the opposite direction. Whether they
admit it or not, every young kid at the Fringe secretly
dreams of being on TV one day. After all, it's only natural
to seek bigger and bigger audiences. But as someone
who has been there, and done that, I'll take genuine
human engagement over abstract numbers any day.
Quarterly audience reports can't reach out and embrace
you tightly after a show.
As someone who gives the impression of having seen it all and done it
all in Canadian arts and entertainment, I am sometimes asked for career
advice. This question always makes me so proud. To think, that I could be so
convincing at projecting this illusion of success.
If people really knew the reality of my existence - how my retirement plan
consists of visiting my daughter for brunch one day, and then refusing to
leave - I think the lineup for my advice would surely dwindle. But I think what
people REALLY want to know is how they too can write for a program like
This Hour Has 22 Minutes or host a network program on CBC because, after
all, things like that look pretty impressive in my bio, no? I always say, "Do
something so great the world will sit up and take notice."
For me, that something was a little show called Rising Son, which I wrote
and performed in Montreal during the early 1990s. It was a perfect little
show that no one ever saw except for friends and family, plus one other
person who recorded an audio clip that got played on the radio, and then
BOOM! I was thrust into the world of Canadian broadcasting.
Inheriting The Roundup radio program from the Mozart of Canadian
broadcasting, the Great Bill Richardson, was an incredible honour, but as
someone who went to art school, I found the day-to-day low level of creativity
that the position demanded, like crafting witty promos, was slowly killing me.
Don't get me wrong. Meeting fascinating people who sat across from me
over the console was brilliant, but as they waltzed off to their next adventure
- another concert, another movie, another space mission - I'd often feel like
shouting, "Take me with you!" Until one day, I finally summoned the nerve to
leave on my own. After grabbing my trusty CBC reporter's mic and tossing it
in my hobo bindle, I left the building.
Back then my siblings questioned the wisdom of their ne'er-do-well baby
brother walking away from a permanent staff job with full dental benefits,
but I had this really great idea. Maybe it wasn't very original. Okay, itwas
actually the LEAST original idea in the whole wide world: I was going to try
and make it in Hollywood. Did I make it? No. Not even close.
LA is a weird place. It's either hot, or really hot. This lack of seasons makes
it hard to mark the passage of time, but I think I lost half a decade there
with nothing to show for it. I auditioned a lot but to no avail.
Just before I left, I finally landed my first and last
Hollywood TV role: killing Vikings and
talking smack on Spike/
MTV's reality
show called The Deadliest Warrior. Maybe you've seen it? Actually, if you're
reading this magazine, that would be a statistical impossibility. Your level of
education makes it illegal for you to subscribe to this cable package. And if
you happen to spy this show over your nephew's shoulder, more than five
minutes of exposure to this type of industrial-grade, protracted-adolescent
programming will cause your overeducated head to explode clean off
your shoulders.
After driving my U-Haul truck of broken dreams back to Canada, I began my
creative writing MFA at UBC. As a former broadcaster, my sense of audience
entitlement was too inflated to spend several years slaving over a collection
of poetry or an unpublished novel no one would read, so instead I opted to
do a series of YouTube videos for my thesis, which ended up racking up more
than a quarter million views. Being a mature student was more fun than I could
have ever imagined and I wanted to keep going. Because the MFA is a terminal
degree, I switched to another department at UBC.
Once I was accepted to do my PhD in education, I thought here's my
one chance to be a scientist, maybe do some real social science. I wanted
to buckle down, wear a white lab coat, hold a clipboard and authoritatively
order unsuspecting test subjects to faux-electrocute confederate Millennial
for choosing pumpkin spice lattes over pumpkin spice lattes, (I may have
slept in the day they taught Designing Experiments Using the Scientific
Method). Instead, my sagacious PhD committee advised me to choose
a thesis project that would better play to my strengths.
When my friend Donna Yamamoto (UBC alumna, psychology), artistic
director of Vancouver Asian Canadian Theatre, offered me the opportunity
to write and perform my own work, I knew that it could be part
of my thesis. My previous one-man show, Rising Son,
was about my acrimonious relationship
with my Japanese father from
the perspective of
"Here's something you
might not know about
microphones. When
Lused correctly they can
"ouble as a flashlight
into the shadowy corners
^someone's past."
Shigematsu is former host
ofCBC's The Roundup.
 a 20-something Canadian wrestling with identity politics
Not a cliche at all!
Now I wanted to revisit that material with the more
nuanced perspective refracted through the multiple
laminations of all my various experiences in film, radio,
TV, and stand-up comedy. My father was a public radio
broadcaster. I had been a public radio broadcaster. He
worked for the BBC. I worked ^^^^^^^^^^_
for the CBC. Between us we
had millions of listeners. But
we never spoke with each
other. In my whole life, I never
had a single conversation with
my dad beyond, "pass the
soya sauce." And I was fine with
that, but now that I was a father,
I knew that one day my kids
would begin asking questions
about who they are, where they came from. And if they
ever started asking questions about their grandpa,
I didn't want to say, "I don't know." So when he began to
die about a couple of years ago, I took it upon myself to
start recording his stories. It was now or never.
Here's something you might not know about
microphones. When used correctly they can double as
a flashlight into the shadowy corners of someone's past.
When I pointed my old CBC mic at my dad, I discovered
vast worlds contained within him - from the ashes of
World War II and Hiroshima, to swinging London in
the 1960s. I learned how he had tea with the Queen
of England and that he watched Marilyn Monroe sing
Happy Birthday to J FK.
My dad died two weeks before our show
opened. So he never did get to see it, which
was actually kind of a relief, because Empire
of the Son isn't exactly a son's glowing
tribute to his dad. It's an unflattering portrait
of a complicated man, but it's also an
enthralling ride through the 20th century.
One of the things that makes our
production of Empire of the Son special
is our use of a live cinema camera. This
is how Vancouver theatre critic Jo Ledingham
described it in her review: "The best part is how inventively it is told... most innovative
is his use of real-time videocam projections: a tiny paper boat in a dish of water projected as he
films it; two fingers playing with a miniature skateboard underscored with a less-than-respectful
^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^^_     conversation with his father; two fingers like a pair
of skaters gliding across an imaginary frozen pond
on Grouse Mountain. A syringe of a cloudy liquid
squirted into a bowl of clear water erupts like a huge
mushroom cloud on the screen. Like a Japanese
painting, it's all about the minimal strokes of the
brush; our imagination fills in the rest."
Before a single review had been written, Empire
of the Son made history. To the best of our knowledge,
for the world premiere of a Canadian play to
completely sell out its entire run before opening, or
even previewing, has never happened before. Not only that, the extension also immediately sold
out. The critics have been unanimous in their praise, with the Vancouver Sun naming it the "best
show of 2015," and the Georgia Straight's Colin Thomas calling it "the most important show of the
year." Empire went on to garner six Jessie nominations, including Outstanding Original Script,
Outstanding Performance by an Actor in a Lead Role, Outstanding Production, plus the Critics'
Choice Innovation Award.
The show is being remounted at the Cultch in East Vancouver this November, before it tours
across Canada, debuting at the National Arts Centre in Ottawa. I recently got a text message
from my publicist Teresa Trovato letting me know that, as part of the promotional efforts,
I'm booked to be a guest on Q on CBC Radio. So now I'm in the guest chair, and even though
I don't have dental insurance, and I'll likely be renting for the rest of my life, so far I'm liking
1 the view from here.
You can follow Tetsuro Shigematsu @tweetsuro, shiggy.com, or on facebook.com/tetsuro. D
'My father was a public radio broadcaster,
ihad been a public radio broadcaster. He
worked for the BBC. I worked for the CBC.
Between us we had millions of listeners.
But we never spoke with each other. In my
whole life, I never had a single conversation
with my dad beyond, 'pass the soya sauce.'"
Upcoming tour dates
for Empire of the Son:
OTTAWA - National Arts Centre,
November 22 - December 3, 2016
MONTREAL - Centaur Theatre,
January 10 -14, 2017
TORONTO - Factory Theatre,
January 18 - 29, 2017
NEWFOUNDLAND - Artistic Fraud, 2018
CALGARY - High Performance Rodeo, 2018
«_ iiSiriU
'nforgettable venues - for intimate gatherings or grand celebrations
 What have you been up to lately? Share your latest adventures, unique
stories, milestones, and journeys with fellow alumni in Class Acts. Don't
be shy. You're a member of alumni UBC - you've got bragging rights. Have
photographic evidence? Email high resolution scans (preferably 300 dpi)
to trek.magazine@ubc.ca. Submissions should not exceed 200 words.
Frank Adams, BCom'49, played soccer for UBC
in 1942-1943 and was awarded a Big Block
sweater. Over the years the sweater was lost.
It occurred to his son, Rob, that Adams might
enjoy having a Big Block sweater again, so
he contacted the current UBC soccer coach,
Mike Mosher. Very quickly a new sweater
was provided. Adams enjoyed one year at
UBC (1942 -1943) before going to war. After
a couple of minor but spectacular crashes
during pilot training in Canada, he went to
Europe for a short time, and then the war was
over. He returned to UBC and graduated with
a degree in commerce. Adams turned 92 this
summer and is still going strong and playing
golf several times a week.
On December 7,1943, Frank Adams and other pilots were
practicing take-offs and landings in twin-engine Anson
aircraft Adams and another pilot lost sight of each other
and landed at the same time, with Adams' plane settling
on top of the other. Neither pilot was injured. Adams
also survived a crash two months earlier, when he stalled
a single engine Cornell at 30 feet and plummeted to the
ground. Adams was fine, but the plane was wrecked.
Author and filmmaker Silver Donald Cameron BA'6o (PhD), published his
18th book in the summer of 2016. Warrior Lawyers, which is a companion
work to his feature film, GreenRights, also finished in 2016, includes
15 interviews from top environmental lawyers from around the world.
Cameron is a lifelong environmentalist, working now to secure "green rights,"
or the right to clean air, water and food, for every Canadian citizen. Currently,
Canada is one of 13 countries in the United Nations that does not recognize
Walter Gage touched the lives
of many students as a math
professor, dean of Inter-Faculty
and Student Affairs, and later as
president of UBC. A number of
UBC alumni have joined together
to develop a book project to
recognize the personal impact of
Dean Gage on students, faculty
members, and staff at UBC.
With your help we would like
to collect stories, letters, and
images to capture the essence of
Walter Gage. The collection will
lead to the publishing of a book.
To participate, go to the dediated
online website: waltergagebook.
If you would liketo learn more,
please email alumni@apsc.ubc.ca
this right. For information on his book, film and environmental initiatives, go
to www.greenrights.com After being diagnosed with a rare form of Acute
Myeloid Leukemia, John Hemmingsen, BASc'63, had a bone marrow transplant.
That was more than two years ago. He has just completed a book detailing
his experiences throughout the treatment. The book is dedicated to the
cure. Find out more at: www.giftedlife.org Sandra Smith, BA'64, MA'6j, has
written a book - Canada's Water, Yours to Protect A Primer on Planning Together
- celebrating the effect of local collaboration driven by
passion for place, and encouraging Canadians to come
together to plan for the future of their water.     Louis
Druehl, PhD'65, SFU professor emeritus, received a 2015
British Columbia Community Achievement Award for
his contributions to the village of Bamfield. He dedicated
his academic life to the study of kelp, for which he had
the honour of having a kelp genus named after him:
Druehliafistulosa, the dragoon kelp. He has concentrated
on writing in his retirement years: the Canadian best seller
Pacific Seaweeds (2000, Harbour) and most recently Cedar,
Salmon and Weed (2015, Granville Island), a tale of 1970s
Bamfield, with its biologists, hippies, fishermen, natives,
and end-of-the-roaders, minimal sex and violence, some
piracy, dealing, marine science and loitering. Druehl lives
in Bamfield, where he produces the local newspaper, the
New Bamfielder, and runs a sea vegetable business with
his wife, Rae Hopkins.     Colin Levings, BSc(Zoology)'6s,
MSc(Zoology)'6j, (PhD in Oceanography, Dalhousie), has published
a new book with UBC Press. Ecology ofSalmonids in
Estuaries around the World: Adaptations, Habitats and
Conservation covers salmon, trout, and char species
and has as an extensive reference list and a primer for
citizen scientists. Author royalties are being donated to
the Pacific Salmon Foundation. Levings is an emeritus
scientist with Fisheries and Oceans Canada in West
Vancouver and is also an adjunct faculty member at UBC.
Levings and his wife, Kay, live in Lions Bay, BC, and also
spend time in Pender Harbour, where he teaches their
five grandsons to row and fish.     A newly hybridized
iris has been named Prankster in recognition of an
audacious 1963 UBC Engineering prank. A recent article
in the fall 2015 issue of Trek magazine recalled the hoax
as the most creative and technically ambitious stunt of
several decades at the university (page 39). Engineering
students knocked together some "abstract" sculptures
and anonymously placed them around campus. The
sculptures' sudden appearance attracted curiosity,
and both supporters and detractors, but they were left
in place. Then, a few weeks later, the engineers went
round with sledgehammers and
smashed the sculptures to pieces.
They got the hoped-for criticism
and derision, letting it build until
turning the tables and owning up
that the statues were their own
creations and not works of art.
Penny Santosham (nee White),
BEd'66, the iris hybridizer, was
a UBC education student at the
time of the hoax. Prankster, an
unusual pin stripped clone, is her
seventh registered Okanagan
iris.      Diana Cruchley, BE'67,
has two recent publications: Canadian Scientists and Inventors Rule, a picture book ABC of Canadian
inventions/discoveries, and The Power of Extreme Writing, an ASCD publication for educators on
a novel approach to journaling.     This July a Festschrift Conference was held at The Burn near the
village of Edzell in Angus, Scotland, in honour of Professor Emeritus John M. MacKenzie, PhD'69.
MacKenzie held the chair of Imperial History at Lancaster University, UK, where he worked for
34 years (1968-2002). He is one of Britain's foremost scholars of imperial history and the British
Empire and holds honorary professorships at the universities of St. Andrews and Aberdeen and
a Professorial Fellowship at the University of Edinburgh.
Jan Drabek, DipEd'66, recently returned from Prague, where he christened his Czech translation
of the Krajina biography called The Two Lives of Vladimir Krajina. In 1939 the botanist Vladimir
Krajina joined the Czech Resistance and quickly became one of its leaders. Incredible escapes
from the Gestapo followed, while some 20,000 radio messages were sent by his group to
London, among them those about the pending invasion of the Balkans and of the Soviet Union.
As the strongest anti-Communist Party's general secretary he escaped from the country on skis
after the Communist takeover. Personally thanked for his wartime effort by Winston Churchill,
Krajina came to UBC where, as a professor of botany he battled the forest barons and their
practice of clear-cutting and slash burning. He then turned his attention to saving pristine areas
of the province, earning the title of father of the Ecological Reserve Program, since replicated
I    throughout Canada. Asa Companion of the Order of Canada, he returned triumphantly to
Prague in 1990 to receive the Order of the White Lion, the highest Czechoslovak award, from
President Vaclav Havel. Krajina died peacefully in Vancouver in 1993 as one of those happy
individuals who had achieved practically everything they had set out to do in life. The book is
Vladimir Krajina (published by Ronsdale Press in 2012, Touzimskay a Moravec in Prague in 2016).
Frank Townsley, BSc'70, has self-published his first book. Born and raised on the North Shore,
his reason for writing it was to share British Columbia's treasures with both residents and
tourists alike, hopefully encouraging them to explore it further. British Columbia - Graced by
Nature's Palette will take you on a wondrous and extensive journey through the province in all
its seasons, divulging not only its varied landscapes, but displaying some of the abundantly rich
nuances of plant and animal life, many existing nowhere else in Canada.    The Nature Trust of
British Columbia welcomed two UBC alumni to its Advisory Board in June: Ross J. Beaty, BSc'74,
LLB'79, and Doug Christopher, BCom'80. Christopher is the president of Montrose Development
and G & B Estates. He is an avid outdoorsman who enjoys fishing, horseback riding and hiking.
Beaty is a geologist and resource company entrepreneur with over 41 years of experience in the
international minerals and renewable energy industries. He is a patron of the Beaty Biodiversity
Centre at UBC.      Caroline Woodward's eighth book is her first memoir. Woodward, BA'74, left
her interesting but hectic publishing career behind to join her husband, a lighthouse keeper, in
order to resume her life as a writer. She also became a relief lightkeeper, working many months
at over a dozen different lighthouses on the BC coast. Light Years: Memoir of a Modern Lighthouse
Keeper is her account of the reality and the romance of both the lighthouse life and the perfect
destination for writers who prefer solitary and splendid wilderness in which to create. • Rob
Marris, BA'76, MA'79, is a lawyer who was the MP for Wolverhampton South West, UK, from 2001
to 2010. From 2011 to 2013 he worked at the National Union of Teachers. In May 2015 he won
back the seat, and is again the MP for Wolverhampton South West.      Philip Suckling, PhD'77,
retired from Texas State University in 2015 after a 38-year academic career, including 22 years
as a department chair. He held faculty positions in the departments of geography at Brandon
(Manitoba) University (1977-79), the University of Georgia (1979-91), the University of Northern
Iowa as department chair (1991-2005), and Texas State University (2005-15, with 2005-13 as
department chair). • Brett Hayward, BSc'78, who works as a veterinarian on Vancouver Island,
recently published his book Existence: Science, Spirituality and the Spaces Between, available at
Amazon and Chapters.
 class acts
Marnie Fleming, MA'8o, won a Governor General's Award in Visual and
Media Arts. She worked at the Vancouver Art Gallery before moving to
London (London Regional Art Gallery) and then the Oakville Galleries,
where she has been for 24 years. The citation reads: A complex, dynamic and
ever-evolving sense of place has been the organizing principle - if not the driving
force - behind Marnie Fleming's impressively diverse and ambitious practice as
a curator.     James Giles, BA'So, MA'83, has written several books, the latest
of which is Sexual Attraction: The Psychology of Allure, which explores the
universal yet highly individualized experience of being sexually attracted to
another person. After leaving UBC, Giles travelled to India, Nepal, Sri Lanka,
and the UK, where he earned a PhD in philosophy from the University of
Edinburgh. His travels continued in Asia and Europe, while his career took
off as a researcher, writer and university lecturer. His areas of focus include
metaphysics, the nature of perception, personal identity, Buddhist and Taoist
thought, ancient Greek philosophy, human relationships, and evolutionary
theory. Giles is currently a professor of psychology at Roskilde University
in Denmark. Visit his website at www.james-giles.com     The 2015 Governor
General's History Award for Scholarly Research (Sir John A. Macdonald
Prize) will be awarded to Jean Barman, EdD'82, for her book French Canadians,
Furs, and Indigenous Women in the Making of the Pacific Northwest, published
by UBC Press in 2014.      Paola Durando, eA'83, Ml.S'85, and Suzanne
Maranda, MLS'82, are team members in the Queen's University AHEAD
(Access to Health and Education for All Disabled Children and Youth) project
in Bangladesh. Working with the local Centre for the Rehabilitation of the
Paralysed (CRP), the project's goal is to educate and train over 1,000 health
professionals, students in health studies, and 12,000 community members,
including children, in five regions in Bangladesh. Durando and Maranda have
been collaborating with the CRP librarian to build library capacity, which is
enabled by an e-library with ready access to scholarly resources. Library
users receive instruction in resource terms of use and database search
skills, all with the intent to foster a research and evidence-based culture of
learning. ■ Marjorie Simmins, BA'84, (MA), is a journalist and author whose
new non-fiction book, Year of the Horse, published by Pottersfield Press, is
now available in bookstores and online from Amazon and Nimbus Publishing.
A story of horses, healing and improbable dreams, Year of the Horse is set
on the East and West Coasts of Canada. After a cross-country book tour,
Simmins held a West Coast launch at Southlands Riding Club in Vancouver
on November 24, 2016.
Mark Donaldson, BSc(Pharm)'9o, has been awarded the 2016 Thaddeus
V Weclew Award from the Academy of General Dentistry, which is
given to an individual who has made outstanding contributions to the art
and science of dentistry. As a long-time educator, Donaldson's ultimate
goal is to help dentists understand pharmacology and become better
prescribers. • Christopher Douglas, BA'90, has authored If God Meant to
Interfere: American Literature and the Rise of the Christian Right The rise of the
Christian Right took many writers and literary critics by surprise, thinking that
religions waned as societies became modern. In his book, Douglas shows
that American writers struggled to understand and respond to this new
social and political force.      Ludwig Dyck, BA'90, has authored the book, The
Roman Barbarian Wars: The Era of Roman Conquest. Even when outnumbered
and faced by better-equipped and trained Roman legions, the "barbarian"
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peoples of Europe could inflict devastating defeats upon
Rome. The Romans themselves admired the size and
strength of the barbarians, which, combined with a life of
hardship and intertribal warfare, made them dangerous
opponents.     Arthur Wolak, BA'90, DipArtHist'94, MA,
MBA, PhD, and his wife, Dr. Anna Wolak, are pleased to
announce the birth of their daughter, Julia Rose Wolak,
a sister for Jacob and Joshua, born on February 5, 2016,
at BC Women's Hospital in Vancouver. Wolak's book,
The Development of Managerial Culture, was published
last year by Palgrave Macmillan and his newest book,
Religion and Contemporary Management, will be published
by Anthem Press in the fall of 2016. Anna Wolak is
a family physician in Vancouver and is an active faculty
member in UBC's medical school. She is chair of the
Planning Committee of the Annual Postgraduate
Review in Family Medicine, which is among the oldest
and largest family medicine conferences in Western
Canada.      Seelochan Beharry, BEd'93, has a book
out, The Prehistories of Baseball, with McFarland Books
(North Carolina, USA), a private academic publishing
house. It supports the idea that baseball came from
Britain and Europe - its foundations, philosophies, and
cultural trappings showing British and European origins.
The book has been listed on the Society for American
Baseball Research's bookshelf and cited in an article
on the origins of baseball.      Shelina Esmail, BA'93, has
been named as partner at PFM Executive Search. Esmail
joined PFM in 1998 as director of Research, transitioning
after four years to the role of consultant. In 2011, she
was named associate partner. Before joining PFM, she
worked for five years in commercial real estate. Esmail
is passionate about developing talent and tomorrow's
leaders and has volunteered with Junior Achievement
BC and as a mentor to UBC economics students. Most
recently she was elected to the board of alumni UBC.
She is a wife, mother of two active boys, and a resident
of Vancouver's north shore.      In November, Annabel
Lyon, MFA'96, was presented with the Writers' Trust
Engel/Findley Award. The award is presented to
a mid-career writer in recognition of a remarkable body
of work, and in anticipation of future contributions to
Canadian literature. Lyon, who has been publishing
books for 15 years, including her bestselling novel
The Golden Mean, received $25,000 along with the
honour. • Katherine Prairie, MSc'96, has launched
her debut thriller, Thirst. Prairie is a geologist and
IT specialist who stepped away from the international
petroleum industry to follow her passion for writing.
Elee Kraljii Gardiner, MA'97, has published the poetry
collection serpentine loop. Gardinerfounded and directs
Thursdays Writing Collective, a program of free, drop-in
creative writing classes in Vancouver's downtown
Eastside.     Joanne C. McNeal, PhD'97, sang at Carnegie
Hall on March 7, 2016, with the Edmonton Metropolitan Chorus. Along with two other small
choirs from across Canada, The EdMetroChorus is singing a haunting work by Alberta Composer
Allan Bevan, Now Goth Sonne Under Wode, as part of an international series. McNeal says it was
a thrill to sing at Carnegie Hall as the finale to a life-long career singing across Canada's western
provinces.     Story Money Impact Funding Media for Social Change by Tracey Friesen, BA'98, is
a practical guide for media-makers, funders and activists who share the mutual goal of creating
a social impact with their work. Structured around stories from the front lines, Story Money Impact
reveals best practices in the areas of documentary, digital content, and independent journalism.
Formerly an executive producer at the National Film Board of Canada, Friesen is now director of
programming for Roundhouse Radio 98.3 Vancouver.
IFidler, BASc'oo,
Ed Fidler, BASc'oo, has been promoted to director at First Reserve, a global private equity and
infrastructure investment firm exclusively focused on energy. Since joining the Firm in 2011, Fidler
has been a key member of the energy infrastructure teams for Renovalia Reserve, PetroFirst
Infrastructure Limited and La Bufa Wind. He has also led the firm's process for managing
currency and other hedging programs across its Energy Infrastructure Funds. Prior to joining First
Reserve, Fidler spent several years working on behalf of Macquarie's European Infrastructure
Funds. • Amit Taneja, BA'oo, has been hired by the College of the Holy Cross as the associate
dean for diversity and inclusion and chief diversity officer. Taneja has recently written on the
topic of LGBT student services in Canadian higher education in his book Serving Diverse Students
in Canadian Higher Education: Models and Practices for Success (McGill-Queen's University
Press). He has been an invited speaker and consultant for many universities throughout the US
and Canada for his expert knowledge of diversity and inclusion in higher education. • In July
AmyTsai-Shen, BCom'01, joined the commercial real estate law firm Crosbie Gliner Schiffman
Southard & Swanson LLP (CGS3). In addition to her extensive background in obtaining land use
entitlements, Tsai-Shen is a certified public accountant.      Zack Silverman, BA'02, MBA'06, LLB'06
and his best friend, Aaron Harowitz, have co-created the beverage mix Walter Craft Caesar Mix.
After pursuing separate careers in law and design for several years, the friends reconnected
and made a decision to follow a long-held entrepreneurial passion. They wanted to provide
Canadians with a healthier choice when it comes to mix; theirs contains "all-natural" ingredients
and is an Ocean Wise recommended product.     Manju Aroral, MBA'06, started her career
as a veterinarian in private practice and now, many years later, owns the first "Fear Free" pet
hospital in the province, located in New Westminster (www.queensparkpethospital.ca). She credits
her MBA experience for adding business acumen and flair to everything she does, and thanks
her classmates for adding to the richness of her learning. She encourages old and new friends
to reach out to her at meowbark@telus.net (must
love pets!)      Gregg Staniforth, BSF'06, has been
named a True Professional of Arboriculture™ by
the International Society of Arboriculture. The True
Professional recognition program honors arborists
and tree care professionals for their positive impact
on the industry in and around their communities.
Staniforth has committed nearly two decades to
the management and preservation of urban trees
and is now working towards a Master of Science in
Arboriculture and Urban Forestry at the University
of Central Lancashire, UK.      Elise Nardin is a Swiss
resident and former exchange student at UBC
(06-07). She met a group of other exchange students
while here - from Germany, Lithuania, Belgium,
France, and Quebec - and before long, they were
accompanying each other on ski trips and road
trips, and spending many evenings at each other's
apartments. The bonds between them grew strong.
 These former exchange student
meet regularly for what they
call "T-bird reunions."
They were all pursuing different
majors but were united by their
common experience as exchange
students. After leaving UBC, the
group met up for the first time
in 2007 - squeezing 15 people
into a 35-square-metre Parisian
apartment for a weekend - and
have held reunions every other
year since then. They call them
their "T-Birds reunions." Some
of them have ended up in the
same or related fields of work,
and have even collaborated
on professional projects. The group met in Brussels this year to celebrate
10 years of knowing each other.      Maureen F. Fitzgerald, PhD'06, is a gender
diversity advisor and former lawyer. She has written three books describing
the countless barriers and biases that women face - at work, at home and
in society. Written in plain language, they provide easy-to read succinct
summaries of the systemic barriers that hold women back and provide
strategies to overcome them: Lean Out - How to Dismantle the Corporate
Barriers that Hold Women Back; Motherhood is Madness - How to Break
the Chains that Prevent Mothers From Being Truly Happy; Occupy Women -
A Manifesto for Positive Change in a World Run by Men.      Kevin Quinlan, BA'06,
has been named a 2015/2016 Action Canada Fellow. In 2013 Quinlan was the
first Canadian to join the Next City Vanguard, a forum of 40 young leaders
working to improve cities. In addition to his UBC degree, Kevin has a master's
in Urban Studies from SFU and is a mentor with SFU RADIUS. Kevin is
currently the deputy chief of staff to the mayor of Vancouver.      Shirin
Eskandani, BMus'06, is thrilled and honored to be making her Metropolitan
Opera Stage debut next season (2016-2017) as Mercedes in Carmen. She's
still pinching herself.      liana Labow, BSc'08, has founded Fresh Roots -
a non-profit with the mandate "good food for all." Using community gardens
to grow vegetables, the organization works with schoolchildren and other
community members to encourage healthy eating, sustainable farming, and
community building.     Aaron Sanderson, BA'09, has been named a Fellow of
the Association for Healthcare Philanthropy, the highest level of achievement
in the field. Sanderson has worked in philanthropic programs for both the
BC Children's Hospital Foundation in Vancouver and the SickKids Foundation
in Toronto, and he is currently development director for Toronto-based War
Child Canada.      The Man in the Shadows is a film by Adam Tomlinson's,
LLB'03, that premiered in competition at the prestigious independent film
festival, Dances with Films. The film is a horror, based on shadow people
and sleep paralysis.
Maria Klawe, LLD'10, has been named one of the 67 Influential Educators
Who Are Changing the Way We Learn. The list, curated by Noodle
Education, is comprised of teachers, administrators, policymakers,
researchers and activists whose innovations reach learners across the
globe and are transforming the way people think.      Kendall Titchener,
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a web-based career resource for millennials.
It's a resource for anyone looking to plug into
the startup scene - either through a job, events,
classes, or launching their first startup or tech
business.      Dan Werb, MSc'10, PhD'73, a globally
recognized expert on the impact of drug policies on health, has been appointed director and
scientific board chair of the International Centre for Science in Drug Policy. He was also recently
named a recipient of the Avenir Award, a prestigious US$1.5 million research grant from the
National Institute on Drug Abuse reserved for highly impactful and innovative research studies
at the nexus of substance abuse and HIV/AIDS. His innovative project is dubbed PRIMER,
"Preventing Injecting by Modifying Existing Responses." Over five years, PRIMER will test ways
of preventing injection drug use by using programs like methadone maintenance therapy and
supervised injection sites to reduce the likelihood that people who currently inject drugs expose
and initiate others into this behaviour.      In the summer of 2015, Zoe Shipley, BA'n, studied model
community-based efforts to preserve Bornean species along the Kinabatangan River in Sabah
(East Malaysia) on the island of Borneo. Shipley, a SUN AmeriCorps member and Community
Involvement Specialist at Clear Creek Middle School in Tualatin, Oregon, took the graduate
course in pursuit of her master's degree from Miami University's Global Field Program.      Naomi
Casiro, MPT'u, has founded NeuroFit BC, which offers specialized exercise classes for people
living with Parkinson's, including boxing classes. Casiro was featured on Global News and
CKNW radio talking about the benefits of exercise for people with Parkinson's, and why boxing
is so effective at treating symptoms. Find out more at: www.neurofitbc.com     Mix Hart, MA'n,
has launched his debut young adult novel Queen of the Godforsaken with Thistledown Press:
Lydia finds herself unable to relate to her peers at school or to her new surroundings in rural
Saskatchewan. To top it all off, her parents are constantly fighting and abandoning Lydia and her
younger sister, Victoria, for days on end. Soon the sisters
have had enough, and they decide to set out alone into
the brutal Saskatchewan winter.     Christine Wilson,
MLA'u, brings nearly 10 years of landscape planning
and design experience to her new position with Copley
Wolff. Her breadth of work includes a variety of project
types ranging from residential, civic, and commercial
landscapes to urban and open space plans. In her new
role, Wilson oversees projects from the initial planning
stages through design and construction. Before joining
Copley Wolff, she was a project landscape designer
with PLACEWORKS in Berkeley, Ca. In this role, she
provided design expertise on a variety of projects (urban
greening plans, streetscape and open space plans, park
and trail designs) and organized community outreach
events to facilitate project implementation.     Ashton
Louie, B/A'75, has a startup, GradsLikeMe, which is a jobs
listing platform for students and recent grads. It was
created to help reduce Canadian youth unemployment
and Louie would like to grow it into the go-to resource
for young job seekers who want to find jobs that meet
their qualifications, build online portfolios to showcase
their abilities, and connect with forward-thinking
employers. • Emma Windsor-Liscombe, B/A'75, has
established an independent publishing company in
Vancouver, BC, called Rarebit Press. O
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Dr. Holger Nygard, professor emeritus of English
at Duke University, died at the age of 94 on May 20,
2015, at his home by the Eno River in Durham, NC.
Born in Ostrobothnia of Finnish parents, Holger spent
his youth between Finland and Canada. His parents
put down roots in New Westminster, where Holger
quickly excelled in academics, sports, and music. In
his last years Holger spoke fondly of summers spent
working at his father's peat farm on Lulu Island.
Holger graduated from UBC in 1944 with First Class Honours. He met
Margaret Rodger, BA'44, MA'49, his future wife, in a UBC English class. Married
in 1944, both attended the University of California at Berkeley, where Holger
attained his PhD in 1955. Assistant and associate professor at the University
of Kansas and the University of Tennessee respectively, he became full
professor at Duke in 1962, where he taught for 29 years. He was director of
English Graduate Studies there for 14 years. Holger's book The Ballad of Heer
Halewijn was published in 1958 in the US and Finland, and again in 1992 in
Finland. Folklorist, linguist, authority on ballads, Medieval studies, Beowulf,
and Chaucer, Holger was a scholar of international prominence. He was
president of the North Carolina Folklore Society, Ballad Section chairman
for the American Folklore Society, and held memberships in the American
Dialect Society, the Society for the Advancement of Scandinavian Studies,
and the Scottish Literary Society. Among numerous fellowships and awards
that Holger received were the 1959 Chicago Folklore Prize, a Guggenheim
Fellowship in 1966-67, and in 1979 a Fellowship at the University of
Edinburgh. Social and environmental concerns he shared with Margaret
took them beyond academia to activism. In 1966 Holger, Margaret and
a fledgling group founded the Eno River Association. They led the community
in opposing the plan to dam the Eno River and proposed the creation of
a regional state park. In the early years of this effort Holger and Margaret
led the battle to rescue the river from development and bring the Eno River
State Park into being. Holger and Margaret leave a legacy of conservation
that, 50 years later, has resulted in five public parks and thousands of acres
of protected lands along the Eno River.
On Monday, March 30, 2015, Norman, aged 93 years,
formerly of Vancouver, Calgary, Portland and Zurich,
Switzerland, died peacefully at Noble's Hospital
in Douglas on the Isle of Man, where he had lived
since 1990. He was the husband of the late Dorothy,
beloved father of Barbara and Heather, father-in-law
of Fredi and John, dearest Opa of Alexander and
Emily, and loved and respected companion of Jean
Last. A funeral service was held at All Saints Church,
Douglas, on Thursday, April 9, 2015. His career was built around the pulp
and paper industry and technical translation, using his chemical engineering
training. Throughout his life, he remained loyal to UBC. The charitable cause
closest to his heart was genetic and age-related hearing loss. Donations on
his behalf may be made to the Western Institute for the Deaf and Hard of
Hearing. He will be missed by many.
¥ ^^       DAVE HOLMES, BASc'48
Dave Holmes was 88 years old at the time of his
passing. He graduated at the top of his class in forest
engineering in 1948, winning scholarships that enabled
him to attend the Yale School of Forestry for a graduate
degree thereafter. He returned to BC after his graduate
studies and worked for the H.R. MacMillan Export
Co., later MacMillan Bloedel, until the early 1960s.
He became a forestry instructor at BCIT in 1964,
rising to become chief instructor. He published several
editions of a text on roads and transportation and taught many, many forestry
technology students who graduated and worked in government and for
the BC forest industry and beyond. He maintained contact with professional
colleagues throughout his long career, both when working for private industry
and when teaching. He retired from BCIT in 1989 and enjoyed a lengthy
retirement, enjoying time with family, friends, neighbours and, of course, his
beloved garden. He met Iris Murray, BHE'49, when they were both working in
Duncan, BC, Dave as a forest engineer and Iris as a home economics teacher
in high school. They married in 1952. They had three children: Kenneth,
Robert, BA'78, UB'87, Yale LLM'84, QC, and Mary, BCom'84, MBA'89. Dave lost
the love of his life when Iris passed away in 2008. He is survived by his sister,
Constance Isherwood, QC, LLB'51, his three children, eight grandchildren, four
great-grandchildren and many dear cousins, nephews, nieces, and friends.
He led a very happy life, full of personal accomplishments and was proud of,
and encouraging to, his family and friends in all that they chose to pursue.
John Clarence Rudolph passed away peacefully on August 1, 2014.
He is survived by his wife, Daphne (nee Stuart, BSc'49), five children,
nine grandchildren and eight great-grandchildren. He was born in Calgary
on April 9,1924. He served in the Calgary Highlanders during WWII and
marched in the victory parade in Amsterdam, Netherlands. He graduated
with a degree in geological engineering in 1948 and started in the oil
business with Stanolind, the Canadian subsidiary of Standard Oil in
1948. He was the president of Banff Oil and made the decision to drill
the first well at the Rainbow field, a discovery that changed the economy
of his home province of Alberta. He was a distinguished lecturer for the
American Association of Canada for two terms. He raised funding for the
first geology building at UBC and as a result had the honour of helping
to lay the corner stone of the new building. He was also vice-president
of the Canadian Association for the Mentally Retarded, now the
Canadian Association for Community Living, and a board member of
the VRII in Calgary. He was a board member of the Canadian Horse
Show Association and enjoyed volunteering with the Canadian Pony
Club in Calgary. He raised cattle and horses on his ranch near Calgary.
For personal family reasons he moved to Denver in 1969. He worked in
petroleum exploration, a vocation he loved, and was still mapping possible
well sites into his eighties.
Lewis Howard Green was one of the originals in the
Geological Survey of Canada in the "Golden Age of
Geology." Lewis was born in Vancouver in August 1925,
and died peacefully in Vancouver on November 11,2014.
His parents, Howard and Marion, both had fathers
who settled in BC before the coming of the railway!
Lewis attended Lord Byng and went on to McGill. The
war intervened, and he spent a year and a few months
with the Black Watch regiment. In 1947 Lewis decided
to switch to geology at UBC and completed his studies in 1949. Along the way
he met Kathleen Montgomery, BCom'49, with whom he spent 64 happy years.
The Greens had five children: Janet, BSc'70, Barbara, John, Richard and Donna.
The family moved to Whitehorse in the summer of 1962, when Lewis was
appointed resident geologist for the Geological Survey of Canada. This opened
a whole new world for us all. While in the north, Lewis became very interested
in mining history, publishing three books from 1977 to 2001. He was particularly
skilled in interviewing old-time miners, whom he admired greatly. Later the
family moved to Vancouver, where they spent 44 years at Balsam and 51st.
The family, including four grandchildren, and friends admired Lewis' quiet
humour and integrity. He was an inspiration to us all!
March 1,1924 - January 8,2015
It is with great sadness that we announce Phil's
unexpected passing at the Vernon Jubilee Hospital.
Phil was predeceased by his parents, Stanley and
Lucy (Smith) Jones; his much loved brother, Owen
Douglas Jones; sister, Elizabeth (Betty) Pineault;
and niece Diana (Lawrence) Isaac. He is fondly
remembered by his sister-in-law, Jean (Stirrett)
Jones, and many nieces and nephews. He will be
missed by Owen's children: Glyn (Susan) Jones, Sylvia (Jonathan) Cutmore,
Trevor Jones, and Donna Jones, and by Elizabeth's children: Sharlene
(Philip) Cross, Barbra Willis, Brian Pineault and Kathryn (Gary) Medcalf.
His interest in genealogy and family history will bond the remaining
Smith/Jones in his memory. Phil was born in Prince George and moved
to Smithers in 1937. He graduated from UBC in 1949 with a BSc, majoring
in horticulture. At the University of Wisconsin he attained an MSc in
entomology (1956) and a PhD in entomology with a minor in plant ecology
(1963). Phil served in the Royal Canadian Navy Volunteer Reserve, Signals
Branch, from 1944-45. His professional career started in 1964 as assistant
professor of entomology at South Dakota State University. Moving back
to Canada in 1974, Phil worked for Niagara Chemicals. In 1977 he moved to
Ottawa to join Environment Canada as a senior scientist, transferring to the
Vancouver office in 1992. He then retired to Vernon in November 1993. Phil
had a passion for photography and all things outdoors, especially skiing.
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 He was a life member of the North Okanagan Naturalist Club, of which he
was a founding member. In addition, Phil served on the executive of the
BC Agrologists. Recent projects included important documentation of the
history of the Bulkley Valley. Phil will be greatly missed by his wide network
of friends and acquaintances.
Following a long and healthy life well lived, Mike died
in his hometown of Cranbrook, BC, at the age of 93.
The third of Lucia and Francesco Provenzano's four
children, he was predeceased by his wife, Charlotte;
brothers Angelo, BASc'40, and Giuseppe, and sister
Julia. He is survived by his sons, Michael, BASc'78,
LLB'81, and Philip, BA'84, daughter-in-law Christie,
and grandchildren David, Katarina, Sophia and Maya.
Raised in Cranbrook, Mike enrolled at the University
of Alberta but joined the Canadian Air Force after one year, serving as a flight
instructor during WWII. Following the war, he attended UBC law school and
married his high school sweetheart, Charlotte Wilks. He graduated in 1949 and
returned to Cranbrook to practice law and raise his family. Mike was appointed
a judge of the County Court in 1963, became a justice of the Supreme Court
of BC when the courts merged in 1990, and retired in 1992. He was quietly
pleased that few of his judgements were overturned. Mike loved life, including
golf, skiing, summers at his Monroe Lake cabin and especially desserts. He
enjoyed skiing and golf until his 80s, but enjoyed desserts into his 90s. He also
loved being a part of Cranbrookfamily dinners hosted by his nieces, Marian,
Joan and Jerri-Pat and grand-niece Lisa. He lived independently and drove
a car until he was 92. His was a long and full life.
Cal passed away on April 29, 2015. He was born
in Winnipeg on September 16,1923. Cal proudly
served as an officer in the Royal Canadian Naval
Volunteer Reserve in WWII. Graduating from UBC
as a forester in 1951, his career was spent in BC's forest
industry. His work culminated with a 15-year term
teaching forestry and mathematics at the College
of New Caledonia in Prince George. He retired to
Kelowna and eventually to Victoria. Cal is survived
by his wife, Shirley Margaret; children Harry (Joan Watterson) and Beverly
(Gerald Vanderwoude); two grandchildren, Harry and Nina Vanderwoude;
niece April Brown; and nephew Paul Bardal.
Morley was born in Vancouver on March 11,1930, at Vancouver General
Hospital, where he died on June 28, 2015. He went to Lord Tennyson
Elementary and Kitsilano High, where he skipped two grades. Morley received
his BAfrom UBC after three years and graduated from UBC law school in
1952, where he was the youngest in his graduating class. After law school
Morley joined a firm with leading practitioners Harold and David Freeman.
When he was 25, Morley became a name partner at the new firm Freeman,
Freeman, Silvers and Koffman, and immediately took on the responsibility of
managing the firm. Thus began Morley's decades of law firm management,
which he handled in addition to his incredibly heavy practice load. Under
Morley's leadership, Freeman and Company (as the
firm eventually became known) grew to be an elite
business firm. Morley was awarded the prestigious title
of QC in 1986. Morley's current firm, Koffman Kalef
LLP, was created in 1993 by a number of the partners of
Freeman and Company. Morley loved practicing law,
and worked - even from his hospital bed at many times
over the past few years - up until just a few weeks
before he died. For over 60 years, he advised prominent
clients locally and internationally, including some of the
most important entrepreneurs in the history of the City of Vancouver and the
Province of BC. He was consistently referred to as a lawyer's lawyer. He was
notorious for his prodigious work ethic, arriving to the office most mornings
before 6:30 am. He also served as a director of numerous domestic and foreign
corporations. He is lovingly remembered by his wife and best friend of 57
years, Myrna Koffman, his children, Lori, Ted and Robert, his sister, Thelma, his
children-in-law and eight granddaughters.
George Charles Shaw, born April 20,1926, in Winnipeg,
died June 18,2014, of complications from kidney
stones, at his home in Halifax. His two daughters,
Andrea and Cathy, son Matthew, and family, friends,
and funny, kind caregivers were at his side. He was
predeceased by his wife, Christina, in 1997. George put
himself through UBC with odd jobs, including some
modelling in newspaper adds, for which he was teased
mercilessly. His post-war career at Alcan in Montreal,
Halifax and Toronto was followed by an MBA at the CEI in Geneva, joining
Alcan colleagues who, with their wives, became life-long friends. His career
was spent mainly in engineering and management consulting, undertaking
Canadian and international projects. George performed many volunteer
and community leadership roles, chairing the Halifax Assistance Fund to
inaugurate pre-school breakfast programs, and helping engineers escaping
the Czech uprising to find work in Canada. Blessed with a rare blood type,
he was called to donate at odd hours, always returning with the story of the
person his blood would help. He is missed by his four grandchildren, Christina,
Julia, Phoebe and Wyatt, nephew Bill Cooper of Vancouver, niece Dorothy
MacCulloch of Bedford, NS, and nephew John Burkart of California. In 2002,
George was revived from a sudden cardiac arrest. This, and subsequent
surgery, inspired him to fight the frailty of old age on cardio machines and
mini-trampolines. At the Dalhousie Dalplex, he was cheered on by the swim
teams and daycare crowds alike. "Go, George, go!" chanted the toddlers.
He ate 10 servings of vegetables and fruits, including a bowl of Nova Scotian
blueberries, every day. George took up painting at 80 and worked joyfully until
the end to create and promote his watercolours, which are now in collections
across Canada.
Leslie Armour, serious, scholarly and controversial editor of The Ubyssey, and
journalist in Vancouver (The Province) and London, UK, (Reuters and Express
News and Features), passed away, aged 83, in Ottawa, on November 1, 2014.
Leslie obtained his PhD from the University of London in 1956 under professors
C.E.M. Joad and Ruth Saw, and was a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada.
He taught at universities in Canada and the United States, and, at age 65, was
named professor emeritus at the University of Ottawa,
becoming research professor of philosophy at Ottawa's
Dominican College. He was a lively and witty lecturer
and conversationalist. A dedicated writer and teacher,
he based many of his published works (including
nine monographs - three with co-authors, including
Elizabeth Trott) on the introductory course notes that
he provided to students. These notes meant class times
could be used for discussion and understanding. His
publications were in three main areas: metaphysics, the
theory of knowledge, and the philosophy of religion; moral, social and political
philosophy; and Canadian philosophy. Although economics was outside his
main field, he was appointed editor of the British International Journal of Social
Economics (USE) in 2004 and was often in demand as a speaker at international
conferences. He reviewed books for the Library Journal, and wrote several
hundred papers, reviews, encyclopedia entries, and book chapters. He served
on the boards of numerous scholarly associations and journals. A prolific
reader, the more than 10,000 books in his library, classical music, and baseball
were his life-long passions. Leslie is survived by his wife, Diana; his children,
Carol Aronson, Adriane and Julian Armour; seven grandchildren; and his sister,
Elspeth Richmond.
Lloyd was born in Lethbridge, AB, on February 19,1930, and died at the
Central Okanagan Hospice House on October 11, 2014. He is survived by
his loving family: his wife of 60 years, Beryl; daughter Dyan (Steven); sons
Darryl (Denise) and Jeffrey (Tina-Marie); grandchildren Amber (Devon)
and Austin; sister Millie McLachlan; niece Gayle; and nephews Gary, Ron,
Ken and Dave. He was pre-deceased by his oldest son, Gerry. Lloyd worked
in the Alberta oil patch for 30-plus years. He was a member of both The
Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists and Society of Economic
Geologists. He was recruited at UBC in May 1953 by Western Geophysical
and spent a couple years in various prairie towns in the field office. In 1956,
after the birth of his son, the family moved to Calgary, where he worked
and lived until retirement in 1987. Travelling to Europe, Canada and the US
before and after he retired was a favourite pastime. Ice skating in Bowness
with his family and pick-up hockey games with his sons and friends filled
cold winter weekends. After a few years in Langley, the final move to
Kelowna in 2001 was to be near to family and grandchildren. His ashes will
be buried in Alberta - he loved the big sky and the bright sunny days there.
Hugh Alexander Daubeny was born in Nanaimo on
December 6,1931, and passed away in Vancouver on
January 2, 2015. He will be missed by his wife, Marian;
children, Peter, Jennifer (Dave) and Carolyn (Tad);
grandchildren, Alex and Eric; and cat, Luna. He is
also survived by his berries, most notably the Totem
Strawberry and the Tulameen Raspberry, which
has become the standard for quality in raspberry
production throughout the world. He spent his
early life in Victoria, graduated from UBC and earned his PhD from Cornell
University. His career in the Research Branch of Agriculture Canada spanned
nearly 40 years, first in Agassiz and later in Vancouver and Abbotsford,
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 where he developed improved strawberry and raspberry cultivars that have
had international success. Hugh was a fellow of the American Society of
Horticultural Science, from which he received the Fruit Breeding Award for
Genetic Improvement, and a past president of the American Pomological
Society, from which he received the Wilder Silver Medal for fruit breeding
accomplishments. He was awarded an honorary doctorate degree from
McGill University. His Tulameen Raspberry variety was recognized by the
Royal Horticultural Society with an Award of Merit and his Totem Strawberry
received the Outstanding Cultivar Award from the Canadian Society
for Horticultural Science. Throughout his career he sought to improve
the genetic base of the cultivated strawberry and raspberry by utilizing
indigenous species of the respective crops. Hugh was a Friend of the Garden
[FOG] at the UBC Botanical Garden. He regularly published articles in the
magazine Seeds of Diversity and the newsletter of the Native Plant Society
of BC. Hugh enjoyed running (including several marathons) and hiking
(Himalayan treks) in his younger years, in addition to gardening, books,
movies and the theatre throughout his life.
May 27,7926 - August 77,2074
Karl was born to Estonian parents on a farm in Barons,
AB. After public school he attended the University of
Alberta and continued his graduate education at UBC,
earning his PhD. In 1955 he obtained a Rutherford
scholarship to the University of Cambridge, UK, and
returned to UBC in 1958, becoming a professor of
physics. He taught undergraduate courses for many
years, simultaneously conducting active research
programs in nuclear, particle and applied physics. In the 1970s and 1980s
he worked part-time in Switzerland, at ETH in Zurich and at CERN, near
Geneva. Karl was a pioneer in the construction and development of TRIUMF
(Canada's National Meson Sciences Research Facility) in Vancouver and in
1976 he began a five-year term as associate director. He retired from UBC
in 1991 and subsequently became involved with ACS! (formerly EBCO),
designing and supervising the construction of small cyclotrons for industry
and hospitals, continuing to do this until past his 80th birthday. He also found
time to participate as an elected member of the Vancouver Board of School
Trustees, served on the Vancouver Metropolitan Board of Health, was on
the Board of Governors of Vancouver Community College and was a member
of the BC Department of Education. Karl never liked to be the centre of
attention and he'd be the last to tell you of his many accomplishments.
He would tell you that his two greatest loves were family and Jesus Christ.
When Dorothy, his wife of 60 years, died in 2011, he bravely carried on, but
the spark went out of his life. During his final months he reflected on dying
and said his life had been wonderful, man's time on earth is limited and he
was ready to meet his Saviour. He was much loved and will be sorely missed.
Ruth Manson (nee Greenblatt), BA'55, died in Toronto on October 11, 2015,
after a long and courageous struggle with MS.
Eszter passed away peacefully on June 11, 2015. Eszter is survived by her
husband of 52 years, Andrew, her sons, Stephen (Marta) and Dennis
(Shannon), and her four grandchildren, Daniella, Gabriella, Joshua and Olivia.
Eszter Somogyi was born in Turkeve, Hungary. She was raised on a farm,
where she developed her love for all God's creatures. Her tender heart
and care towards all animals would continue throughout her life. Eszter's
studies at Sopron University were cut short when she and thousands of
her countrymen left Hungary during the 1956 Revolution. Eszter came to
Canada in 1957, completing her Bachelor of Science in Forestry at UBC in
1959. Eszter proudly became a Canadian citizen in 1962. She married her
loving husband, Andy, in 1963, first settling in Williams Lake, then shortly
afterwards moving to Quesnel. Eszter spent 30 happy years there raising
her sons. She was very proud to be a great spouse and mother. In 1995
Andy retired, and they moved to Richmond. During this period Eszter was
able to travel extensively throughout Canada, USA and overseas, creating
lasting, happy memories for herself and Andy. Eszter's family will never
forget her faith, sacrifice, work ethic, generosity, humility and fighting
spirit. She was a 25-year cancer survivor. Eszter felt blessed and was truly
grateful for all the love and support she received from her friends and
family in Canada and Hungary. We will miss her dearly. Special thanks
to Dr. John Havens, Dr. Crowley, and the staff of Fraserview Intermediate
Care Lodge in Richmond. In lieu of flowers please donate to the Alzheimer
Society of Canada.
Dee (Daryl Dubpernell) was born on February 18,1943, in Watertown,
CT, and passed away on July 7, 2011. Dee married Mike Dickman, PhD'68,
in 1962, and in 1965 they moved to Canada to attend UBC. They lived
on campus in a plywood row house on Mustang Avenue, originally
constructed for soldiers returning to Canada after WWII. Dee was used
to roughing it and was always the optimist. She graduated at the top of
her class in library science and was offered a job as a librarian at UBC's
Sedgewick Library. This started Dee on a long and rewarding journey of
helping students - something she did for 47 years as a university librarian
at UBC, Carleton University and Brock University. In St. Catharines,
ON, Dee was an active member of PENS and LACAC, which involved
her in local planning and heritage issues respectively. In August
2009, Dee began chemotherapy treatment with Prochlorperazine and
Dexamethasone. On July 7, 2011, Dee died of lung cancer. On July 13, Pond
Inlet at Brock University was filled with her friends and colleagues, who
came to remember her. Her enlarged picture was hung on the wall with
the following words: For nearly 35 years, Dee Dickman provided research
support to Brock faculty and students in a variety of areas including
History, Canadian Studies, Classics, Education and Applied Language
Studies. Always keen to learn and mentor, she thoroughly enjoyed
working with students. She will be fondly remembered by her colleagues
for her enthusiasm, positive disposition and desire to help others.
Dee is survived by her two sons, Sven and Tim, and grandchildren
Angele and Esteban.
Born in 1949, Doug passed away May 13, 2015, at the age of 65. He is
survived by his wife of 43 years, Eileen, daughter Amanda, son Chris,
and granddaughter Zadie. After graduating from UBC, Doug was an early
employee of the engineering firm MacDonald Dettwiler (MDA), and
served as VP at MDI (which was acquired by Motorola in 1988). He won
a Meritorious Achievement Award from the Association of Professional
Engineers in 1990 for his contributions to BC Engineering. He will be missed.
Anne was born on April 17,1952, in Glasgow, Scotland. She died on
January 24, 2014, on Galiano Island. She arrived in Montreal as a wee lassie,
aged eight, with parents Joe and Edie Scott, and later moved to North
Vancouver. She earned her BPT/OT in '74 at the top of her class - a fact she
was justifiably proud of. In '74, both medical and physio students studied
together. She relished this collaborative academia - it motivated her to work
intermittently as a UBC clinical educator and teacher of adult health science
certificate classes at community colleges. She also worked as a therapist
with BC Children's Hospital, where she was a fiery force whom children
and parents adored and nurses and doctors respected for her relentless
inquisitions, debates, and provision of expert PT knowledge, skills, and
abilities. Anne loved sports and travelling, often combining both during
extended periods abroad, in particular Australia, where six months turned
into six years as a supervisor in pediatric neurology. On return to Vancouver,
she blazed a trail in adult neurology at George Pearson and GF Strong Rehab.
She presented papers on aqua therapy benefits at the Pacific Coast Brain
Injury Conferences. As an active member for years on the College Board of
Directors of Physical Therapists of BC, she made invaluable contributions
to her profession in the areas of regulatory, disciplinary, and quality of
practice. She challenged best practices at both the frontline therapist level
and at the board level, moving both into new dynamic directions. After
retirement she set up a private practice on Galiano Island, where she thrived
on being "her own boss without any corporate BS!" Anne was known for
her refreshing, candid character, practical approach, deadpan, witty sense
of humour (where listeners occasionally had to adjust their antennas)
and for consistently and fearlessly advocating on behalf of her clients and
friends. Anne is survived by her husband, Inspector Keith Hutchinson, BEd'70,
MA'73, and family.
Our beloved Catherine passed away serenely
on October 21, 2014. Born in Winnipeg in 1917 she
was raised in Montreal, attending McGill University,
where she became the first woman to graduate
from McGill's School of Architecture. In 1945
she married Paul Wisnicki, a former aeronautical
structural engineer in the Polish Air Force. In 1946
they moved to Vancouver, where she became the
second female member of the Architectural Institute
of BC and worked as senior designer with the prestigious firm of Sharp,
Thomson, Berwick, Pratt. Somehow she also found time to start a family,
with the twins Nina and Michael arriving in 1946, followed by Julia in
1949. In 1963 she began a career as a lecturer and assistant professor
at UBC's School of Architecture. In 1996 McGill University conferred an
honorary Doctor of Science degree upon her. On her retirement, Catherine
and Paul moved to Naramata, BC, where they designed and built an
innovative passive solar house. Paul jokingly called Naramata his "white
elephant," while for Catherine it was "a land for the eye," hence the name
Elephant Island. Catherine was predeceased by her husband, Paul, and
her great-grandson, Rex. She will be sadly missed by her children, Nina,
Michael (Bev) and Julia Griffith (Rhys); grandchildren, Morgan Griffith and
Miranda Halladay (Del); and great grandchildren, Finn, Mya and Grady.
Donations in Catherine's name can be made to Because I am a Girl at
www.becauseiamagirl.ca. O
UBC alumni can save 20% on room bookings
TO    Robert H. Lee
Alumni Centre
alumnicentre.ubc.ca | 604 8221922 | 6163 University Blvd, Vancouver, BC
 What is your most prized possession?
A pair of really good left-handed scissors
from my granny!
Describe the place you most like to spend time.
The beach.
What was the last thing you read?
The Glass Castle
What or who makes you laugh out loud?
Pretty much anyone or anything...
after a few glasses of wine.
What's the most important lesson you
ever learned?
What other people think of me does not matter.
What's your idea of the perfect day?
Spending it with my family, outside somewhere,
AND I don't have to make a single meal that
I need to convince my kids to eat.
What was your nickname at school?
Gordo or Flash.
If a genie granted you one wish,
what would it be?
To be able to heal major illnesses in the world.
What item have you owned for the longest time?
My flip flops. Is that gross?
What is your latest purchase?
A pihata. No, not for me - for my son's birthday.
I would have filled it with potato chips and mini
bottles of wine if it was for me.
Whom do you most admire (living or dead)
and why?
Mothers who can enjoy amidst chaos.
Needless to say, that is not me.
What would you like your epitaph to say?
Kristi enjoyed life. She loved and appreciated the
people around her. Generous, caring and helpful.
If you could invent something, what would it be?
A cure for cancer.
In which era would you most like to have lived,
and why?
I would like to have been born just one generation
before me, when buying a house was possible!
What are you afraid of?
Name the skill or talent you would most
like to have.
I would like to be able to sing. I'd settle for being
able to sing Happy Birthday in key.
Which famous person (living or dead) do you
think (or have you been told) you most resemble?
Jennifer Aniston, but other than our oversized
noses, I don't really see a resemblance.
What is your pet peeve?
Slow drivers.
Kristi Gordon is a senior meteorologist on
Global News.
She was born and raised in White Rock and
Crescent Beach and earned a science degree from
UBC in physical geography and atmospheric science.
She first became interested in weather patterns
during her years as a sailing instructor in high school,
but it was thanks to the meteorology courses of
professors like Roland Stull (atmospheric science) and
Ian McKendry (geography) that she decided to make
forecasting the weather the basis of her career.
After university, Gordon spent several years
working across Canada as both an operational and
on-air meteorologist. She started initially in Vancouver
but lived in both Toronto and Edmonton, where she
worked for almost every other network in the country
before joining Global News.
Gordon says the hardest thing about her job is
tryingto communicate the details of a forecast for the
entire province in just two minutes, but she loves the
rush of being on live television, especially during major
weather events.
When you're in the business of predicting the
weather, it may be an occupational hazard to get
blamed from time to time for washed-out w   ' ''
abandoned games of golf, but Gordon once attract
criticism for something entirely unconnected with
the weather. When pregnant with her second child
she received complaints from some viewers over h
baby bump and choice of clothing. She decided to
fend them off by going public with some of the nastier
mail on air, receiving a lot of empathy and support
in response. "I won't stop wearing fitted clothing
from time to time," she wrote, defiantly, on a Global
News blog. "I would prefer to encourage change and
acceptance ratherthangiveintothebellyachers."
Gordon and her husband, Paul Klawer, have two
sons: five-year-old Jordan and Braden, one. She likes
sunny winter days when there's a lot of snow on
the mountains. D
"The littlest thing tripped me up
in more ways than one."
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