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UBC Publications

Trek [2018-03]

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 The torture survivor
who became a psychiatrist
f^ Exploring the history
of humans and wildfire
Illicit drugs with
therapeutic potential
Bake your own
UBC Cinnamon Buns
2 Editor's Column
3 Take Note
9 Quote, Unquote
9 n=
36 Prez Life
38 The Big Picture
40 Class Acts
47 In Memoriam
52 The Last Word
 When it comes to nostalgia, it seems there is nothing more
evocative than the gooey loveliness of a warm UBC cinnamon
bun. Whenever UBC posts something on its social media
pages about the sacred snail-shaped dough, it prompts
alumni to share memories and express their deepest cravings:
"/ like the middle pieces that haven't touched the edge of the pan.
I used to take the flipper and dig them out of the centre when a fresh
pan was put out at the sub."
"That was lunch many days!"
"This is why I am always on the lookout for cinnamon buns.
While at UBC, it was deeply imprinted onto my taste buds."
"Bun and hot chocolate before first class. Smell of lectures."
You can almost hear the accompanying sighs. The buns are sticky, both literally and
figuratively. It must be something to do with the mysterious linkages between smell,
taste, emotion and memory.
Some readers, then, may be shocked to learn that the recipe hasn't always been the
same. The original, used from 1954, was never written down, so alumni attending UBC
after 1971 - when original bun baker Grace Hasz retired - enjoyed a slightly different
confectionery experience. People have strong opinions as to when the bun was at its
pillowy peak, but in terms of batches baked, its heyday was during the 80s and 90s,
when production reached a whopping 200 dozen daily. Today it's a fraction of that.
Considering the campus population wasn't nearly as big in the 80s and 90s,
yesterday's students must have been consuming thousands more empty calories per
capita than today's. Maybe the Millennials are spurning all that refined sugar in favour
of healthier snacks (missing the fact entirely that cinnamon buns are good for one's
mental health). Or perhaps there is simply more competition from trendy newcomers
- I'm told the matcha-flavoured, soft-serve frozen yogurt is very popular. I doubt the bun
will be usurped any time soon, though. Yogurt just seems too unsubstantial to become
a lasting UBC tradition. Not nearly sticky enough.
In April, UBC Food Services ran a two-day pop-up kitchen in the student residence
of Orchard Commons, offering cinnamon buns and other goodies as a sweet reward for
the end of classes. Astonishingly, it was the first time some of the students had ever
sampled UBC's revered delicacy. The buns sold out on both days, perhaps an indication
that they are about to enjoy a renaissance.
Just in case this leads to any shortages, you can always bake your own (see page 8).
But if baking is not your thing, then you'll just have to get your buns back on campus.
Vanessa Clarke
Vanessa Clarke, BA
Duncan Schouten, BMus, MMus
Pamela Yan, BDes
CHAIR Faye Wightman, BSc'8l (Nursing)
VICE CHAIR Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
TREASURER Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Stephen Brooks, BA'92
Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng ICDD
Debra Hewson, BA'8f*
Leslie Lee, BCom'84
Shorn Sen, BCom'84*'
Faye Wightman, BSc'8i (Nursing)
Amir Adani, BSc'oi
Aleem Bandali, BA'gg
Valerie Casselton, BA'77
Patricia Mohr, BA'68, MA'70
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Shelina Esmail, BA'93
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Professor Santa J. Ono
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Jeff Todd, BA
''appointments unti! AGM 2078
Trek magazine is published two times a year
in print by the UBC Alumni Association and
distributed free of charge to UBC alumni and
friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine
do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Alumni Association or the university.
Address correspondence to:
The Editor, alumni UBC
6163 University Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T1Z1
email: trek.magazine@ubc.ca
Letters are published at the editor's
discretion and may be edited for space
Jenna McCann
Address Changes 604.822.8921
via email alumni.ubc@ubc.ca
alumni UBC /UBC Welcome Centre
toll free 800.883.3088
Volume 74, Number 1 | Printed in Canada
by Mitchell Press
Canadian Publications
Mail Agreement #40063528
Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to:
Records Department
UBC Development Office
Suite 500 - 5950 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
An astonishing number of viruses are circulating around the
Earth's atmosphere- and falling from it -accordingto new
research from scientists in Canada, Spain and the US.
The study marks the first time scientists have quantified
the viruses being swept up from the Earth's surface into
the free troposphere, that layer of atmosphere beyond
Earth's weather systems but below the stratosphere where
jet airplanes fly. The viruses can be carried thousands of
kilometres there before being deposited back onto the
Earth's surface.
"Everyday, more than 800 million viruses are deposited
per square metre above the planetary boundary layer -
that's 25 viruses for each person in Canada," says UBC
virologist Curtis Suttle, one of the senior authors of a paper
in the International Society for Microbial Ecology Journal that
outlinesthe findings.
Dust storm in the Sahara.
ASA image courtesy Jeff Schmaltz,
MODIS Rapid Response Team,
Goddard Space Flight Center.
"Roughly 20 years ago we began finding genetically similar viruses occurring in very different
environments around the globe," says Suttle. "This preponderance of long-residence viruses
travellingthe atmosphere likely explains why-it's quite conceivable to have a virus swept up
into the atmosphere on one continent and deposited on another."
Bacteria and viruses are swept up in the atmosphere in small particles from soil-dust and
sea spray. Suttle and colleagues at the University of Granada and San Diego State University
wanted to know how much of that material is carried up above the atmospheric boundary layer
above 2,500 to 3,000 metres. At that altitude, particles are subject to long-range transport,
unlike particles lower in the atmosphere.
Using platform sites high in Spain's Sierra Nevada Mountains, the researchers found billions
of viruses and tens of millions of bacteria are being deposited per square metre per day.
The deposition rates for viruses were nine to 461 times greater than the rates for bacteria.
"Bacteria and viruses are typically deposited back to Earth via rain events and Saharandust
intrusions. However, the rain was less efficient removing viruses from the atmosphere," says
author and microbial ecologist Isabel Reche from the University of Granada.
The researchers also found the majority of the viruses carried signatures indicating they had
been swept up into the air from sea spray. The viruses tend to hitch rides on smaller, lighter,
I organic particles suspended in air and gas, meaningthey can stay aloft in the atmosphere longer.
Contrary to popular stereotypes, young men today are likely to be selfless,
socially engaged and health-conscious, according to a study from UBC
and Intensions Consulting, a Vancouver-based market research firm.
The researchers surveyed 630 young men ages 15-29 in Western
Canada and found that the most strongly endorsed masculine value is
selflessness. Ninety-one per cent of the men agreed that a man should
help other people, and 80 per cent believed that a man should give back
to the community. Openness also ranked highly - 88 per cent said a man
should be open to new ideas, new experiences, and new people - and so did
health, with a majority of participants saying that men should be healthy
or in good shape.
More traditionally "male" values ranked lower on the scale, but were still
valued by the majority of participants. Seventy-five percent of the men said
that a man should have physical strength, compared with those who said
a man should have intellectual strength (87 per cent) or emotional strength
(83 per cent). Autonomy also tracked lower with 78 per cent of the men
agreeing that a man should be "independent."
"Young Canadian men seem to be holding masculine values that are
distinctly different from those of previous generations. These values may
run counter to long-standing claims that young men are typically hedonistic,
hypercompetitive, and that they risk or neglect their health," says lead
author John Oliffe, a nursing professor who leads the men's health research
program at UBC.
Nick Black, managing partner at Intensions Consulting and a study
co-author, believes many young Canadian men are expanding their
definition of masculinity to include values like openness and well-being.
"As a millennial myself, I can see these values reflected in the
lives of men around me," says Black. "They want to be both
caring and strong, both open to others and self-sufficient,
and they see no contradiction in these values."
Oliffe says more research is needed to include other
age groups and geographical locations, but adds that
the current results could be useful for designing more
effective men's health-care programs.
"The life expectancy gap is closing between men and
women, and I hope that additional gains are mustered
through these emerging health-related values - and our
continued work in men's health," says Oliffe.
The study included interviews with a small group
as well as a broader online survey. It was published in
Psychology of Men & Masculinity.
UBC researchers have perfected a process to efficiently separate fibreglass
and resin - two of the most commonly discarded parts of a cellphone -
bringing them closer to their goal of a zero-waste cellphone.
It's one of the first processes to use simple techniques like gravity
separation to cleanly lift organic resins from inorganic fibreglass.
"Discarded cellphones are a huge, growing source of electronic waste,
with close to two billion new cellphones sold every year around the world
and people replacing their
phones every few years,"
says UBC mining engineering
professor Maria Holuszko,
who led the research. "The
challenge is to break down
models that can no longer be
reused into useful materials,
in a way that doesn't harm
the environment."
Most e-waste recycling firms focus on recovering useful metals like gold, silver, copper
and palladium, which can be used to manufacture other products. But non-metal parts
like fibreglass and resins, which make up the bulk of cellphones' printed circuit boards, are
generally discarded because they're less valuable and more difficult to process. They're
either fed to incinerators or become landfill, where they can leach hazardous chemicals
into groundwater, soil and air.
Holuszko, who co-founded UBC's urban mining innovation centre - a unit focused on
reclaiming valuable metals and other materials from electronic waste - was determined to
find a better recycling solution. With PhD student Amit Kumar, she developed a process
that uses gravity separation and other simple
physical techniques to process cellphone fibreglass
and resins in an environmentally neutral fashion.
"The key here is gravity separation, which
efficiently separates the fibreglass from the resin
by using the differences in their densities," says
Kumar. "The separated fibreglass can then be used
as a raw material for construction and insulation. In
the future, if we can find a way to improve the quality
of the recycled fibreglass, it may even be suitable for
manufacturing new circuit boards."
The researchers are now looking into developing
a large-scale commercial model of the process, in
partnership with Ronin8, a Richmond, BC, recycling
company that separates the different plastics, fibres and
metals in electronic waste streams without using toxic
chemicals or losing precious metals.
"Ronin8 has developed an innovative e-waste process
for electronic waste that aims to address the intrinsic
faults in traditional e-waste processes today," says Travis
Janke, director of engineering at Ronin8. "Our vision is to
achieve a zero-waste end-of-life solution for electronics,
and our work with Maria and Amit at UBC has moved us
closer to this reality."
The researchers say their task has taken on a new
urgency in light of China's waste import ban, which took
effect on January i, 2018.
"We need a better way to manage our electronic
hardware recycling, and a cost-effective, environmentally
responsible method of mining e-waste for valuable materials
would be a good step in that direction," says Holuszko.
By Erik Rolfsen
Canadian legislation criminalizingthe non-consensual
distribution of "intimate images" risks putting more
scrutiny on the victims than the perpetrators, according
to a study from the Peter A. Allard School of Law at UBC.
"ill C-13, and the first six cases prosecuted
in Canada after it became law in 2015, treat the
non-consensual distribution of intimate images
primarily as a privacy violation rather than an act^
of gender-based violence, argues PhD student
Moira Aikenhead. The cases have involved male
perpetrators seekingto dominate and control female
victims- motivations similar to those found in cases of
^mestic violence - yet the wording and interpretation
01 the law emphasizes privacy, and whether victims
have a right to expect it.
In this Q&A, Aikenhead discusses her paper,
which was published in the Canadian Journal of
Women and the Law.
What is it about Bill C-13's wording that j
rested in studying these cases?
wnat interested me is the actual definition of what
counts as an "intimate image." For somethingto be
considered an intimate image under the law, there has
to be a reasonable expectation of privacy at the time
the photo was taken, and at the time it was distributed.
I thought this focus on an expectation of privacy was
odd, because what circumstances can you envision
where a person posts intimate images of another person online, without their consent, but
hasn't breached their privacy? I have a hard time understanding what the focus on privacy
addsto the analysis.
"Victim-blaming" has become a key part of defence arguments in sexual assault cases.
Does Bill C-13 leave the door open for that?
The legislation frames the crime as one based on lack of consent and breach of privacy.
The consent element is similar to sexual assault -if someone consents to sex it's not a crime,
and if someone consents to having intimate images distributed, then that's not a crime.
While this ostensibly gives women control over their bodies as well as images of their bodies,
too much focus on consent means there's goingto be scrutiny of the victim's behaviour, which
may include blaming her for having allowed the images to betaken in the first place, or not
having been more careful about who she shared them with.
Where does the scrutiny belong?
In my view, the scrutiny belongs on the perpetrator: the person who knowingly and often
maliciously ignored the victim's wishes by distributing the images, and his intention for doing
so. There's very limited case law so far, but most of these cases show the typical "revenge
pornography" pattern of a man - in the context of a relationship that has ended or looks like
it will end - posting images online or threatening to do so, in order to control and hurt his former
partner. It's meant to bean act of gender-based violence and intimidation, so it's important
to frame the crime as that type of crime rather than simply an invasion of privacy.
You use the term "violence," which many people equate only with physical force. Why do
Sou use that term?
eminism generally takes a broader view of violence, going beyond only physical violence.
It's all the elements of coercion and harm that limit women's ability to participate fully in society.
So I would consider this to be a violent crime. While women face high rates of physical and
sexual violence, the understanding of violence should also include coercion and intimidation in
the broader social context of gender discrimination. This better captures the ways women and
women's equality rights are harmed through crimes such as sexual assault, criminal harassment
and the non-consensual distribution of intimate images. The cases so far depict a crime
consistent with other forms of intimate partner violence in terms of its motivations, its impact
on women's lives, and the fear it can cause.
By Thandi Fletcher
If Donald Trump can become president, anyone can. But that doesn't mean they should -
at least not without being trained first.
The Institute for Future Legislators at UBC teaches aspiring politicians how to prepare for
the job, and helps them understand what a career in politics really involves.
Maxwell Cameron, director of the Institute for Future Legislators, explains the importance
of learning the basics first before entering the political realm.
Why is it important to understand what the job entails first before running for office?
It is very important that our institutions are open to anyone who wants to serve, but we also need
politicians who have the knowledge, skill, character and judgment to ensure our democratic
institutions perform well. This is a bit of catch-22. How can you get the skills and knowledge except
through practice? There is a very high cost to our democratic institutions when they are run by
amateurs who lack the character or judgment to do the job well -and I would suggest Trump
illustrates this.
That is why our program is so important: it is one place where people can get on-the-job
training and learn by trial-and-error where the costs of failure are low, so the opportunities to
learn are enormous. The Institute for Future Legislators provides experiential learning, through
role-playing, including a simulation of a parliamentary session in the legislative assembly in
Victoria. Our practitioners teach participants to organize a caucus or committee meeting,
speak with the media, or pass a law through first and second readings.
Most participants leave the program excited about the possibility of a life in politics. And with
municipal elections coming up this fall, and lots of mayors and councillors stepping down, there
is a great opportunity for people thinking of starting a political career.
If unn rnnlH crivp aQnirincr nnlitirianQ c\n& n\&r& nf aHvirp what'
Know why you wish to serve. It is vital to have a compelling answer to this question. If you
want to serve only to satisfy personal ambition you may turn out to the kind of self-dealing and
opportunistic politician we all so often criticize.
Politics is a noble calling. If you believe you are especially well-suited to represent your constituency,
and that is what people in your community are telling you, you may be able to serve with distinction.
But learn the basics first, because political careers can be derailed pretty quickly when novices make
mistakes. Politics is an activity like any other - it improves with many long and hard hours of practice.
 A new online resource has brought the faces and names of the Okanagan's colourful and
vibrant history into the 21st century.
Coordinated by UBC and featuring rich, local content from project partners, this new website
brings the people and places from the Okanagan region onto the screens of valley residents.
Recently launched, Digitized Okanagan History (DOH) currently includes almost 4,000 photos
and documents dating back to the turn of the last century. And that is just the beginning.
"While we have some 3,800 items available on the site,
we have scanned or collected more than 30,000 digital
objects since this project began last summer," explains
UBC Okanagan Chief Librarian Heather Berringer. "It's
a developing collection that is changing and growing
weekly as we are able to add more and more images to
the portal each day. The collection will only get larger
and more comprehensive as we go along."
Last year a team of UBC students and archivists
visited 11 repositories, stretching from Keremeos and
Osoyoos to sites in Sicamous. Their goal was to digitize
two-dimensional documents and photos tucked away
in a variety of collections using portable scanners. Since
then, they have been uploading the images to the DOH
portal, the online resource created by the Okanagan
Region Historical Digitization Project, which was
generously funded by a private British Columbia based
foundation, says Berringer.
The goal is to provide a centralized portal to support
research and generally improve access to local resources.
Prior to the launch, anyone interested in accessing
a photo or document dating back to the past century
would have to visit the local museum or historical society, many of which are run by volunteers
and have restricted hours. DOH links people to all 11 repositories and many of the hidden historical
treasures on a 24/7 basis.
"The Okanagan Valley has a long and interesting history, and the local repositories have done an
excellent job preserving the photos and documents that tell its story," says Paige Hohmann, UBC
Okanagan archivist and special collections librarian. "Now, they are at the fingertips of anyone who
might be doing research, or is simply curious about people and events of the past."
Though the portal is clearly beneficial for people interested in regional history, whether working
on research or curious about their family's past, UBC's university archivist Chris Hives says it goes
deeperthan that.
"Through this project, we've been able to ensure that multiple digital copies of these photos exist
in different places. There is in the historical community, concern about possible damage to these
irreplaceable resources through fire or flood," says Hives. "I see this as a definite contribution to the
long-term stewardship efforts and preservation of history. Now, we can ensure ongoing access to
those images that document the history of these unique communities."
Explore the project's digital collections: doh.arcabc.ca.
Depictions of race and skin tone in anatomy
textbooks widely used in North American medical
schools could be contributing to racial bias in
medical treatment, research suggests.
Findings of the study, carried out by researchers at
UBC and the University of Toronto, found dark skin
tones are underrepresented in a number of chapters
where their appearance may be the most useful,
including chapters on skin cancer detection.
"We found there is little diversity in skin tone
in these textbooks," said the study's lead author
Patricia Louie, who began the research at UBC and
is now a PhD student at U of T "Proportional to the
population, race is represented fairly accurately, but
this diversity is undermined by the fact that the images
mostly depict light skin tones."
For the study, researchers analyzed the race and
skin tone of more than 4,000 human images in four
medical textbooks: Atlas of Human Anatomy, Bates'
Guide to Physical Examination & History Taking, Clinically
Oriented Anatomy and Gray's Anatomy for Students.
The proportion of dark skin tones represented in
all four books was very small. In Atlas, fewer than one
per cent of photos featured dark skin, compared to
about eight per cent in Bates', about one per cent in
Clinically, and about five per cent in Gray's. More than
70 per cent of the individuals depicted in Clinically and
88 per cent in Gray's had light skin tones, while Atlas
featured almost no skin tone diversity (99 per cent
light skin tones).
The researchers argue that rates of mortality for
some cancers - breast, cervical, colon, lung, skin,
among others - are higher on average for black people,
often due to late diagnosis.
With skin cancer, for example, physicians need to
lookfor melanomas on nails, hands and feet, but the
researchers found no visuals were provided in any
of the textbooks as to what this would look like on
dark-skinned patients.
UBC sociology professor and study co-author
Rima Wilkes said the findings highlight a need to show
greater diversity of skin tones in teaching tools used by
medical schools.
"Physicians are required to recognize diseases in
patients with a variety of different skin tones," said
Wilkes. "When light skin-toned bodies are shown as
the norm, physicians might miss signs on patients with
dark skin tone because they do not know how these
abnormalities will present."
The study was published in the journal Social
Science & Medicine.
Eye drops developed by UBC researchers could one
day treat glaucoma while you sleep - helping to
heal a condition that is one of the leading causes of
blindness around the world.
"Medicated eye drops are commonly used to
treat glaucoma but they're often poorly absorbed.
Less than five per cent of the drug stays in the eye
because most of the drops just roll off the eye," says
lead researcher Vikramaditya Yadav, a professor of
chemical and biological engineering, and biomedical
engineering at UBC.
"Even when the drug is absorbed, it may fail to
reach the back of the eye, where it can start repairing
damaged neurons and relieving the pressure that
characterizes glaucoma."
To solve these problems, the UBC team developed
a hydrogel that was then filled with thousands of
nanoparticles containing cannabigerolic acid (CBGA),
a cannabis compound that has shown promise in
relieving glaucoma symptoms.
They applied the drops on donated pig corneas,
which are similar to human corneas, and found that
the drug was absorbed quickly and reached the
back of the eye.
Proffladav (centre) and team.
Photo: Clare Kiernan/UBC
"You would apply the eye
drops just before bedtime,
and they would form a lens
upon contact with the eye. The
nanoparticles slowly dissolve
during the night and penetrate
the cornea. By morning, the
lens will have completely
dissolved," says Yadav.
Previous research shows
that cannabinoids like
CBGA are effective in relieving
glaucoma symptoms, but no
cannabis-based eye drops have so far been developed because cannabinoids don't easily
dissolve w in water, according to the researchers.
"By suspending CBGA in a nanoparticle-hydrogel composite, we have developed what we
believe is the first cannabinoid-based eye drops that effectively penetrate through the eye to
treat glaucoma. This composite could also potentially be used for other drugs designed to treat
eye disorders like infections or macular degeneration," says study co-author Syed Haider Kamal,
a research associate in Yadav's lab.
InMed Pharmaceuticals Inc., a drug discovery and development company that focuses on the
therapeutic potential of cannabinoids, supported the research.
The drug delivery system was described in the March 2018 issue of Drug Delivery &
Translational Research. Researchers are now working to scale up the hydrogel production and
develop more anti-glaucoma cannabinoid molecules, using genetically engineered microbes.
 This is the very same
mixer Grace Hasz used
to develop her cinnamon ' {'
bun recipe. Now it's an
irreplaceable UBC artefac
That Cinna
. ^H
<   •
by Angelina Tagliafierro
Nearly 65 years of UBC alumni remember the pillowy softness and
caramelized edges of the UBC cinnamon bun as a quintessential part
of their university experience. But where did it all begin?
The UBC cinnamon bun recipe was first perfected by Hungarian
Baker Grace Hasz; in 1954. Within a few years she went from baking two
dozen to a staggering 120 dozen per day as the bun grew in popularity. i
Grace baked cinnamon buns for UBC until her retirement in 1971.
She baked by instinct and never wrote the recipe down, though
her grandson has recorded his attempts to create the original recipe
from memory (ubccinnamonbun.blogspot.ca).   ■
A few things have changed since 1955 - the original recipe used
margarine, a holdover from wartime butter shortages, and was said
to have so much cinnamon the filling looked black - but the association
between UBC and great cinnamon buns has never diminished.
Todays recipe is still made from scratch every day, using real butter
and simple ingredients. Next time you're craving a cinnamon bun,
you'll find them in most UBC Food Services locations. But go early -
they often sell out!
campus bakery:
UBC Cinnamon Bun Recipe
YIELD: 18 large cinnamon buns
3 cups (750mL) milk
6 tbsp (90mL) butter
6 tbsp (90mL) plus I tsp (5mL)
granulated sugar
1 tbsp (l5mL) salt
Vi cup (l25mL) warm water
2 envelopes active dry yeast
2 large eggs
9 cups (2.25L) all-purpose flour
% cup (l75mL) melted butter
1% cups (300mL)
granulated sugar
2 tbsp (30mL) cinnamon
1. Scald milk. Stir in butter, 6 tbsp sugar and salt. Cool to lukewarm.
2. Dissolve remaining I tsp sugar in warm water. Sprinkle yeast over
water mixture. Let stand in a warm place for 10 minutes. Stir.
3. In a large mixing bowl, combine lukewarm milk mixture with eggs.
Stir in dissolved yeast mixture.
4. Add four to five cups of the flour and beat well for 10 minutes.
With a wooden spoon, gradually add enough of the remaining flour
to make a soft dough.
5. Turn out on to a lightly floured surface and knead until smooth
and elastic, adding additional flour as needed. This is a soft dough!
6. Place dough in a well-greased bowl and roll around to grease all
sides of the dough. Cover with a damp cloth and let rise in a warm
place until dough doubles in size, about one hour.
7. Punch down dough and turn out onto a lightly floured surface.
Divide dough in half.
8. To fill, roll out each piece of dough into a 9 x 18-inch rectangle.
Spread 1/4 cup of melted butter evenly onto each rectangle.
9. Combine sugar and cinnamon for filling. Sprinkle onto the
rectangles. Roll dough up like a jelly roll, starting from the long
side. Cut into 2-inch slices.
10. Place remaining % cup of melted butter into the bottom of
a I6V2 x 11 Vi x 2'/2-inch pan. Arrange slices in the pan and cover
loosely with greased wax paper.
11. Let rise in pan until doubled in size, about 45-60 minutes.
12. Preheat oven to 350°F (I80°C).
13. Bake for 35-40 minutes.
14. Remove from oven and immediately invert onto a serving tray.
Number of alumni who engaged with UBC
over the 2017-18 year through various channels
- such as mentoring a student, serving on
an advisory committee, listening to a panel
discussion, or simply by reading this magazine.
A UBC team led by materials engineer Goran Fernlund
has designed a cooler that keeps vaccinations within
an optimal temperature range for up to seven days,
as they are distributed to remoter areas of developing
countries. The researchers are now looking for
a manufacturer for their design, so it can be put to use
on a larger scale. (UBC News, March 14)
Estimated percentage of deaths accounted for
by air pollution worldwide in 2016, according
to the State of Global Air/2018, a health
project organized by the Health Effects
Institute and the Institute for Health Metrics
and Evaluation, with expert input from UBC.
Launched in November, the Blue & Gold
Campaign for Students is the largest of its
type in the history of UBC. It aims to raise
$ioo million over the course of three years.
Number of alumni who
volunteered for UBC
over the 2017-18 year.
j^     ^ In March,
^P      ^P received i\
In March, the Faculty of Medicine
received its largest ever donation from an
individual. UBC alumnus Edwin S. Leong's
gift will support research into healthy
ageing. (UBC News, March 7)
During a UBC study, this was the average number of extra exercise classes
attended by older adults over a 24 week period, when exercising with other
people of a similar age. Kinesiology prof and study lead Mark Beauchamp
says this suggests that a sense of belonging and social connection meant
participants were more likely to stick with the classes. (UBC News, April 27)
tatements made by the
>ractors are basically pure,
e-A bunk, but, sadly, this
s becoming more commonly
en with anti-vaccination
etoric. I think it's dangerous
id irresponsible and represents
a set of magical beliefs rather tha
science-based ones."
'rofessor of Nursing Bernie
rrett, commenting on anti-vaccin-
•°book posts by some BC
-ctors. (CBC News, May''
"Researchers are just beginning to
understand exercise's full impact on
human health. Inside the Chan Gunn
Pavilion, we will develop and deliver
innovative, evidence-based strategies for
maintaining health and treating a broad range
of conditions, including cancer, osteoarthritis
and even mental health. We see this building
as a place of healing, not just for all manner
of athletes, but for everyone."
Dean of Medicine Dr. Dermot Kelleher
commenting on the opening of the Chan Gunn
Pavilion at UBC, which will focus on
sports medicine and exercise science.
"Late this morning, the R/V Armstrong spotted
a disabled autonomous surface vehicle far off the
coast of Florida. Upon approach, the name of the
vessel, Ada, was visible on the stern. We quickly
learned from an internet search that this vessel
was an autonomous sailboat from the University of
British Columbia... launched last year on a trip across
the Atlantic. Somewhere along the way it became
disabled and lost its sail. SailBot Ada was recovered
by the ship's crew and is now safely strapped down
on deck for the remainder of the ADEON cruise."
Ship's blog (Dec 1,2017) for the R/V Armstrong,
which was engaged on a research mission for a project
led by Dr. Jennifer Miksis-Olds of the University of
New Hampshire. _      	
"We can't possibly know exactly how
sex robots will affect modern marriage
in the future. But I predict their
availability will give couples greater
opportunity to define their own types
of marriages. One example might
be that more couples could choose
'companionship marriages' that do not
involve sex, but focus solely on the
creation of a family."
Marina Adshade, professor in the
Vancouver School of Economics at
UBC, discusses the topic of a chapter
she contributed to the book Robot
Sex: Social and Ethical Implications.
(UBC News, Apr/717)
"In the Daily Mile children run,
jog or walk one mile every day
in their school clothes. It needs
no special equipment or unique
staff training and emphasizes
enjoyment, inclusion and
social participation."
Prof Mark Beauchamp referring
to the "Daily Mile," an initiative
that began in Scotland for young
children, and advocating its
benefits for older children and
youth. Beauchamp's recent study
showed that a lack of exercise
in teens could be behind a rise in
depression. (The Sun, UK, A
scommended, and at a young age it s not good tor Lchildren
here's nothing to support it. Young kids are supposed to be
instantly moving and when you put them in front of the TV
lat just stops."
ublic health nurse Reda Wilkes discusses a study she co-authort
lat showed more than half of parents let their young children
wo years of age or under) have access to screen time, against
(pert guidelines. The team of nurses who conducted the study
as mentored by UBC nursing professor Wendy Hall. (UBC New
 Five years after the fall of Saigon to the Viet Cong on April 30,1975,
Dr. Soma Ganesan finally escaped his communist oppressors.
At the time of the takeover, which marked the end of the Vietnam War,
Ganesan was employed at Saigon Children's Hospital as a pediatrician.
The victors allowed him to continue his work there. However, little else
about his life remained the same.
Ganesan and his colleagues were subjected to hostile interrogation sessions
at varying times of the night. On weekends, they were sent to a prison camp for
"re-education," consisting of beatings and "traction," which Ganesan refuses
to detail. The torture damaged his
spine - how severely, he would
only find out later. He endured by
focusing on day-by-day survival
and adopting a valiant stoicism:
"If you have pain, so what?"
The hundreds of thousands
of people who underwent
"re-education" coped with
starvation rations, poor sanitation
and disease. They were forced to
construct barracks, dig wells, cut
trees and sweep minefields. The
worst thing, Ganesan recalls, was not the torture so much as "the constant
fear that your life is in danger, the lack of freedom of communication and
expression, the witnessing of people being killed, tortured and mistreated."
The worst thing, Ganesan
recalls, was not the torture so
much as "the constant fear that
your life is in danger, the lack
of freedom of communication
and expression, the witnessing
of people being killed, tortured
and mistreated."
Ganesan contrived an escape. He was born in Vietnam,
but his father, Sundaram Soma, who died when Ganesan
was five, had emigrated from India to work in Saigon at the
Indian consulate. Out of desperation, Ganesan approached
the consulate office to request documents giving him
official foreigner's status. The consulate granted him
the papers, and the Vietnamese regime reacted quickly,
bustling Ganesan onto a plane for Singapore. It was
freedom, but a gut-wrenching one - Ganesan had to leave
his grandmother, mother and sister behind in Saigon.
Still, landing on Singapore soil was like a rebirth. Having
no food or a place to stay, Ganesan wandered into a park
and sat down on an empty bench. Having been in a state of
extreme sleep deprivation for the past five years under his
communist oppressors, the quiet green park was heavenly.
He lay down. "I slept for three days and three nights
without food. I had never felt so peaceful in my life."
Ganesan became an asylum seeker in India and then
France, where he applied to Canada as a refugee. He
arrived here in 1981, in his thirties, unable to speak English. He mastered
the language, brought his family to Canada from Vietnam, and re-qualified
as a physician. But pediatrics no longer appealed to him. Instead, he entered
a psychiatry residency at UBC, with the idea that he could help others who
had undergone similar experiences. His mother, Manh Duong, wept at the
decision. "She said she was worried that people who practiced psychiatry
would become nuts themselves," he says, chuckling.
On the surface, at least, Ganesan's life appeared to be back on track.
During his second year of residency, however, he suddenly found himself
unable to walk. An MRI scan showed calcification and lower-lumbar
stenosis, which is when the spinal canal, which protects the spinal cord,
narrows. The incredulous emergency doctor told him that only sustained
severe abuse could cause such physical degradation.
Ganesan regained his mobility with therapy, although his gait is stiff -
almost ungainly. Other effects of the torture still haunt him. When asleep,
he is "always on alert" - perfectly lucid if someone telephones late in the
night, the result, he says, of being woken for interrogation. Complete rest
and repose will forever remain an abstract notion. "I keep an ear in my
brain open for anything and everything."
Soma Ganesan sits
on a bench in a leafy
park near his clinic.
Photo: Martin
 the walking wounded
Dr. Ganesan in his office at
the Chakra Health Centre.
Photo: Martin Dee.
V /
His clients come to him for help dealing with
debilitating headaches, panic attacks, insomnia,
depression, and eating disorders that are rooted
in the past. Known as post-traumatic stress
disorder (PTSD), such symptoms can arise out
of the blue, years, or even decades, after events.
War and government-sanctioned violence towards citizens is seemingly an immutable
part of the human condition in much of the world, with peaceful nations like Canada becoming
beacons of hope for those seeking refuge from life-and-death conflicts such as the Syrian
war. (Ganesan is expecting that some Rohingya from Myanmar, who fled slaughter, looting
and rape by national security forces beginning last August, will soon be coming to BC - part
of the 300,000-strong contingent of immigrants allowed into Canada annually by Ottawa.)
Thanks to the infrastructure of treatment that Ganesan has created - born out of his own
bitter experiences in Vietnam - the refugees who come here will be able to lean on a strong
support network as soon as they step onto BC soil.
Ganesan realized back in the 1980s that specialized support was needed when BC took in
Central American refugees from El Salvador, Guatemala and Honduras who were fleeing war
and torture under military dictatorships. The existing provincial medical services could not
deal with the constellation of psychological, social, physical and economic challenges these
shell-shocked people were suffering.
In 1986, with support from Amnesty International and with funding from the Office of
the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR), Ganesan co-created the
Vancouver Association for the Survivors of Torture (VAST). Two years later, he founded
and led the Cross-Cultural Psychiatry Clinic at Vancouver General Hospital (VGH), which
provides immigrants and refugees from non-English-speaking nations with culturally
sensitive and language-specific assessment and treatment.
Ganesan currently devotes his time to VAST as well as the CHAKRA Health Centre,
a Vancouver facility he started last year for those dealing with trauma. His clients come to
him for help dealing with debilitating headaches, panic attacks, insomnia, depression, and
eating disorders that are rooted in the past. Known as post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD),
such symptoms can arise out of the blue, years, or even decades, after events. "Nightmares
- it happens to all of us," he says. "I'm still seeing
people who survived Jewish concentration camps;
they are in their 80s and 90s." One of Ganesan's
friends, who worked alongside him in the hospital
in Saigon, recently started experiencing nightmares
stemming from that dark period. The colleague was
forced to witness prisoner executions, then had to
check the bodies with a stethoscope to ensure the
heart had stopped. "He is 89 and he has had to start
talking to me. It's not easy," says Ganesan, who has
the curious habit of closing his eyes when he speaks,
as if shuttering his mind to his own harrowing past.
Throughout his career, Ganesan has worked
relentlessly to communicate to the medical community
his unique insights into the treatment of torture victims,
advocating for more nuanced and sophisticated
therapies. Thanks to him, UBC's Department of
Psychiatry, where he is a clinical professor, added
trauma and cultural psychiatry to its curriculum in
1988. In 1995, he founded the annual Cross Cultural
Mental Health Conference in order to enlighten a wide
range of medical specialists, from dermatologists
to cardiologists, about the perplexing connections
between past trauma and current maladies, such as
physical pain, addiction and mental health challenges.
(Now on hiatus, the conference will resume in 2019.)
Psychiatrist and best-selling author Dr. Shimi
Kang says that before the conference there was "no
conversation" about trauma's mind-body connection.
Kang, who was one of Ganesan's students and
a volunteer at VAST during her UBC psychiatry training,
recalls watching in awe as Ganesan gently helped
a patient unravel their history of torture and trauma.
Now a UBC clinical associate professor, Kang has drawn
upon her experiences with Ganesan to counsel patients
in her own practice, from child soldiers in Africa who had
been forced to torture others to refugees from India who
had been caught up in that country's secession-related
insurgencies. "Dr. Ganesan really was a leader not just
in psychiatry but medicine," she says.
Over the years, the need for trauma counselling
for newcomers to Metro Vancouver has increased
in tandem with escalating violence and terrorism -
including targeted attacks on civilians - in areas of
the Middle East, Central and South Asia, and Africa.
Statistics bear out how dark and violent the world
has become for millions of people. The 2017 Global
Trends report, published by the United Nations
Refugee Agency (UNHCR), put the total number
Daniela Jorge Ayoub is a governance and policy associate at the International Rehabilitation
Council for Torture Victims in Copenhagen, Denmark. How Western nations can best respond
to the torture crisis, she says, is to uphold their responsibilities under the United Nations
Convention Against Torture. (Canada ratified the treaty in 1987.) This includes upholding
torture victims' right to "full rehabilitation." However, she adds, a political backlash in places
like the US, UK, France, Austria and other European countries (all treaty signatories) means
that nations are shirking their international obligations. "The rehabilitation sector is absolutely
in a financial crisis," Ayoub says. Policies supporting refugees and migrants "are seen as liberal
and therefore automatically rejected. It's a dangerous trend of right-wing governments."
Canada's record of supporting its obligations under the treaty is spotty. VAST almost shut
down in 2014, when the federal Conservative Party withdrew nearly $300,000 in funding.
Executive director Frank Cohn, BA'oo, says that such near misses indicate the organization
needs to expand its funding sources. (The provincial government currently funds two-thirds
of VAST's operations.) The specialized counselling provided to survivors of torture through
VAST is vital to ensure individuals who have suffered trauma "settle in Canada in healthy
and supported ways," says Cohn. Conventional mental health supports in BC, he adds,
are "unsuitable or inadequate [for] this population."
Ganesan retires from VGH's Cross-Cultural Psychiatry Clinic on June 30, freeing him
from the administrative task of overseeing a 150-strong cohort of psychiatrists. He will be
able to focus solely on counselling at CHAKRA and VAST, joining forces with Dr. Rahul
Soma, his psychiatrist son. Soma spends half a day every week counselling patients at VAST,
in addition to work at VGH's Cross-Cultural Psychiatry Clinic. One of the things that drew
Soma to psychiatry was his father's devotion to helping others. "When we were growing up,
22.5 million
number of refugees seeking safety
across international borders (2017)
Source: Global Trends (UNHCR, 2017); Torture Victims
e Context of Migration: Identification, Redress
—d Rehabilitation (UNHCR, 2017)
proportion of the
Syrian population ""
have become r '
since the conflir1
besan in 2011
wno are survivors or torture
of refugees seeking safety across international borders
at 22.5 million, which is the highest number since the
agency was founded in 1950 in the aftermath of the
Second World War. Syria accounted for the most
refugees: 5.5 million in 2016 (and 12 million in total
since the conflict began in 2011, or 65 percent of the
population). Widespread conflict in South Sudan,
Colombia, Afghanistan and Iraq also spawned millions
of refugees. Another UNHCR report from 2017, Torture
Victims in the Context of Migration: Identification, Redress
and Rehabilitation, reports that five to 35 percent of
refugees are survivors of torture. Not only have they
fled abuse but they are also at high risk of being tortured
while fleeing, enduring "beatings and starvation, sexual
violence [and] arbitrary and violent detention."
we were always encouraged to help people, and I think that that had a lot to do with where
my parents came from and the struggles they went through. They were always genuine,
kind people and I think that had a huge impact."
Kindness and compassion provide a strong foundation for effective therapies that help
heal the wounds - invisible and visible - inflicted by malevolent forces upon human beings.
With Ganesan, that kindness is rooted in an empathy reinforced by shared experience.
He understands that "scars heal, but the psychological part - the deprivation of basic
freedom - lasts forever, until that person dies."
Ganesan speaks for all those people who arrive at the doors of VAST: damaged, wounded
and fearful, yet emboldened by hope and determination. Shimi Kang says such qualities have
the potential to elevate them beyond mere survival to thriving and taking on positions of
leadership in their community. One example is Ganesan himself, whose wretched experiences
in the Vietnamese prison camps, while almost breaking him physically, galvanized a career
in a unique offshoot of psychiatry that helps patients understand that to be human and alive
means having the capacity for renewal, no matter how horrifying the past. D
 the walking wounded
In March 2011, demonstrators took to the streets of Daraa in southern Syria to protest the
arrest and torture of students who had scribbled anti-government graffiti on schoolyard walls.
The demonstrations spread quickly to other parts of the country, including the city of Horns,
where Mohammed Alsaleh was a fourth-year medical student at El-Baath University. To quash
dissent, President Bashar Hafez al-Assad unleashed his military might
upon Homs's unarmed demonstrators, which only served to drive even
more protestors into the streets.
Alsaleh began to document the atrocities, shooting video on his cell
phone. Under the nom de guerre The Hawk of Syria, he uploaded the
videos to Youtube, where they were picked up and re-broadcast by
the BBC, CNN and Al Jazeera.
Alsaleh recalls the day police caught him filming and threw him in a cell
about two metres by one metre with three other men. Every day, Alsaleh
says, he and his fellow prisoners were taken out of the lock-up, blindfolded
and battered with chains, batons and sticks. Their feet beaten to a pulp, 	
they were forced to jog in the spot on salt. Although Alsaleh's tormentors
never spoke, he got the message: similar agonies awaited those who dared oppose Assad's rule.
But the torture only strengthened his resolve to record the growing human rights abuses.
His second arrest came months later, in November 2011, when military personnel searched
his university dorm for evidence of anti-government activity. Alsaleh says they discovered
mocking caricatures of the president belonging to his roommate. Both students were thrown
into tiny cells with other prisoners and beaten for 20 days in a row, "with no objective other
than humiliation and torture," says the 28-year-old, who today works in Vancouver with the
federal Refugee Sponsorship Training program.
Alsaleh's third - and worst - experience came nearly two years later, after someone revealed
that he was the Hawk of Syria. He was arrested and imprisoned after finishing an exam on minor
"Facing death changes people.
We come out different people,
more resilient, more determined,
more appreciative of every single
thing in life and more hopeful
for a better future."
- Mohammed Alsaleh
touching the ground. This went on for three days.
The only source of respite was standing on his toes to
relieve his arms. "Near the end, I couldn't feel anything.
I thought I would never be able to use my arms again."
After guards unchained him, "the real torture
started." Alsaleh describes being routinely beaten,
eventually losing three toenails. Afterwards, he was
moved to another prison for one and a half months,
crammed together with other prisoners in a lice- and
rat-infested cell and forbidden to talk. There was no
food. "Ten people died every day."
Alsaleh eventually ended up in Adra Prison on the
edge of the Syrian capital of Damascus, where he
was allowed to contact his family. His brother sold
the family home to raise the money to bribe a judge
to secure Alsaleh's release. After recovering with his
family in his childhood town of Al-Hasakeh, Alsaleh
fled to Lebanon, living hand-to-mouth by working
in restaurants, painting houses and washing cars.
He registered with the UN Refugee Agency, which
facilitated his resettlement in Canada in late 2014.
"It brought hope to my life."
Intertwined with the hope, however, were
"uncontrollable" nightmares, depression and intense
fear of anyone in a uniform - a post-traumatic stress
response to being tortured. Among the first group
of 28 Syrian refugees to come to British Columbia in
November 2014, Alsaleh would normally have had
access to counselling with the Vancouver Association
for Survivors of Torture (VAST), created in 1986 to
help refugees and immigrants from despotic nations
deal with the violence they
suffered. However, his arrival
coincided with 2014 federal
funding cuts of nearly $300,000,
which pushed VAST to the brink
of closure. Help from VAST
was not available.
Today, Alsaleh is settled,
employed, and looking forward
to welcoming his family, whom
      he is privately sponsoring to join
him in Canada. But he admits
to feeling fragile. To date, he has relied upon his work
with refugees and speaking about his ordeal publicly
through TEDx talks as "my way of healing." He realizes
it's not enough, and is planning to connect soon with
VAST to begin counselling. "It's an ongoing battle I am
fighting, and I need all the support and help I can get."
Still, he is filled with optimism. "Facing death
changes people," he says. "We come out different
people, more resilient, more determined, more
appreciative of every single thing in life and more
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surgery. Alsaleh describes being handcuffed and hung by a chain from the ceiling, his toes barely        hopeful for a better future." D
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Canada istalkingabout drugs.
They've always been on the radar - a statistic here,
i celebrity death there- but lately the headlines have
been awash with daily tales of legalization, overdoses, and
new discoveries, renewing public interest in natural and
synthetic mind-altering substances.
Such talk is always accompanied by the shadow of
stigmatization, as drug use is often framed in the context of
criminality or culture wars, only regarded as a health issue
as an afterthought. But the growing
acceptance of medical cannabis, the
need for new ways to combat the
opioid crisis, and an unprecedented       us'
attention to mental health issues derived from ca
, has Canada leading a sea change in
pharmacological research, as once Canadians and
illicit drugs with a reputation for make the best i
harm are earning serious attention them with othe
for their potential to treat some of
our most pressing health challenges.    _ 7acn Walsh
"We are at an extraordinary
intersection of a social-change
movement and scientific explosion that will directly affect
the lives of people around the globe," says Zach Walsh,
.an associate professor in psychology at UBC's Okanagan
Icampus who studies the effects of cannabis on posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD). "Canada and British
Columbia are leading the way in the acceptance of using
cannabis for therapeutic purposes."
It's true that we were among the first countries in the
world to have a medical cannabis program, and most of the
licensed producers now chasing the recreational market
in Canada have been providing medical cannabis for
years. So while the headlines are new, the science is not -
prescription weed has been available in Canada since 2001.
But now, platforms like Facebook, YouTube, and Reddit
have given a face and a voice to advocates for drug policy
that's informed more by science and less by stigma. And
the country is taking note.
A trickle-down effect of cannabis shuffling off its immoral coil is
a growing public interest in the more transformative, spiritual experiences
that one can get from peyote, ayahuasca, or psilocybin mushrooms.
Used by Indigenous peoples for centuries, such substances are known as
entheogens, a neologism coined in 1979 by a group of botanists - the Greek
words theos [god] and genesis [origin] - meant to denote giving birth to
the spirit within.
Legal issues be damned, social media has brought about something of
a renaissance for entheogenic use via the public airing of users' experiences.
"In the case of ayahuasca, it's the narratives of people who are sharing
YouTube videos of themselves," says Kenneth Tucker, a director at the
BC Centre on Substance Use (BCCSU) and adjunct professor in UBC's
School of Population and Public Health. "They're talking about what kind
of transformative experience they've had, what insights they've gotten
from drinking it."
These first-person narratives range from reports of intense personal
growth to the curing of eating disorders. But while the anecdotal evidence
is intriguing, there is a dearth of quantitative, clinical studies of entheogenic
substances- and it's possible this void can never be properly filled.
The effects of entheogenic drugs are difficult to study beyond
qualitative observation. Removing traditional drugs from their
Indigenous environs changes the nature of the experience, a concept
known as "set and setting" - one's mindset and the setting for the
experience - both difficult things to quantify in a laboratory experiment.
Unlikethe Cartesian mind/
Canadians and pe
lake the best use
lUtcomes tor pec
Zach Walsh
health of
. How do we
and combine
lerapies to create better
body split in contemporary
Western culture, spirituality and
health are often intertwined in
Indigenous cosmologies, and the
z effect on the health of secularization of modern medicine
)ple worldwide. How do we has largely left behind that spiritual
of these plants and combine      dimension so crucial to the
erapies to create better entheogenic construct.
>le who are suffering?" Laboratories in Brazil and Spain
have been attempting clinical
ayahuasca studies for years,
but swallowing ayahuasca in
afreeze-dried capsule under an MRI scanner just isn't the same as lying
beneath the stars while a shaman chants sacred incantations and blows
smoke in your face. Even so, observational experiments in which entheogens
are removed from their traditional context have shown positive results for
those patients who reported a transformative event.
"People who have a profound mystical type of experience are often the
ones who have the best therapeutic outcomes," says Tupper, "which again
points backtotraditional and Indigenous knowledge systems. It makes me
wonder whether we need to reinvent the wheel, whether or not traditional
shamanic practices have already perfected the use of these kinds of tools
and recognized the relationship between spirituality and health in a way that
contemporary Western medicine has kind of lost touch with."
"There is so much we don't know about the use of medicinal plants," adds
Walsh. "Refining medicines derived from cannabis and other plants will
have a dramatic effect on the health of Canadians and people worldwide.
How do we make the best use of these plants and combine them with other
therapies to create better outcomes for people who are suffering?"
 altered perceptions
It's unfortunate then - and long a bane for the scientific community -
that the distinctions between classes of drugs is confusing to the layperson.
Like cannabis and entheogens, heroin and cocaine are plant-based.
But where the former have shown promising therapeutic applications,
the latter have been wearing holes in the social fabric for decades. Yet,
according to the US Controlled Substances Act of 1970, upon which most
of the Western world's drug policy is based, marijuana and peyote are
classified as Schedule 1 drugs - the most dangerous
category - while cocaine and fentanyl (the deadly
opioid at the centre of the overdose crisis) fall under
Schedule 2. Approximately 4,000 Canadians died
from fentanyl-related overdoses in 2017. Zero died
from smoking pot.
Synthetic drugs, particularly
psychedelics such as Lysergic acid
diethylamide (LSD, or acid) and
Methylenedioxymethamphetamine (MDMA, or
ecstasy), are similarly stigmatized, both appearing
in the Schedule 1 category, despite their relative
safety (they are rarely habit-forming or fatal).
They also happen to be among the most
promising of all hallucinogenic therapies, and
we are reaching a point where public perception
is catching up to what the science has been
showing for years - that synthetic psychedelics
show enormous promise for curing a range of
addictions and mental disorders.
Pharmacologically different from addictive
substances such as alcohol, tobacco, cocaine,
and opiates (a class of drugs that acts on similar
dopamine-reward systems that lead to chronic
dependency patterns), synthetic psychedelics are
not self-reinforcing, meaning they don't leave the
user waking up in the morning craving another hit.
Synthetic psychedelics, in fact, have demonstrated
potential as a treatment to end addictions altogether,
as well as anxiety, depression, PTSD, eating disorders,
and obsessive-compulsive disorders - a whole cluster
of mental illnesses that are regularly prescribed
patented medications that mask symptoms rather
than heal patients.
Working with pure, pharmaceutical-grade
substances, institutions like the Multidisciplinary
Association for Psychedelic Studies (MAPS) -
Kenneth Tupper serves on the Board of Advisers
for the Canadian branch - are plotting
a revolution in mental health treatment. Current
research at the Santa Cruz-based lab includes
MDMA-assisted psychotherapy to help heal
the psychological and emotional damage
caused by sexual assault, war, violent crime,
and other traumas, as well as anxiety treatment
for autistic adults and people suffering through
life-threatening illnesses. The lab has also just
As promising as the research
is, psychedelics - whether
plant-based or lab-grown
-still carry the baggage
of a checkered history.
completed the first double-blind, placebo-controlled
study of the therapeutic use of LSD in human beings
since the early 1970s.
According to UBC professor of medicine Evan Wood
- who is the Canada Research Chair in Inner City
Medicine and director of the BC Centre on Substance
Use - MDMA has shown exceptional promise
working as an empathogen that
reduces anxiety but provides users
a sense of connection, without the
hallucinogenic ego-dissociation
that often accompanies
psilocybin or LSD. Phase 2 trials of
MDMA administered to veterans
of the Iraq and Afghanistan wars
with severe PTSD resulted in the
veterans being able to "package up those experiences,"
says Wood, "in a way that enabled them to move
on to where they no longer met the diagnostic
criteria for PTSD."
Where MDMA could mitigate PTSD without
the risk of addiction, psilocybin and LSD could
conquer addiction itself, simply by offering abusers
a perspective on themselves that engenders positive
changes in behaviour.
"One of the biggest mysteries in the treatment
of addiction is how people can make a decision to
make a change in their life and really follow through
with it," says Wood, who is also medical director
for Addiction Services with Vancouver Coastal
Health. "Neuroimaging studies have shown how
on psychedelic drugs like psilocybin or LSD, new
connections are formed between our thoughtful brain
and that reward system, connections that hadn't
existed before and couldn't be brought about by
normal psychotherapy. And through that process,
people appear to be able to follow through on their
intentions around recovery."
As promising as the research is, psychedelics -
whether plant-based or lab-grown - still carry the
baggage of a checkered history. Simply uttering the
phrase "the Sixties" evokes the spectre of music and
rebellion, fuelled by a Wild West of psychedelic use,
and the characters that became synonymous with
unchecked drug experimentation: Owsley Stanley,
the Grateful Dead's audio engineer who also supplied
most of the Bay Area music scene with LSD; Ken
Kesey, who founded the "Acid Test" parties and
helped bring the beat movement into the hippie era;
and Timothy Leary, the Harvard psychologist who
conducted LSD experiments on his graduate students
and became a figurehead of the counterculture,
popularizing such phrases as "Question authority"
and "Turn on, tune in, drop out."
While the spiritually transformative experiences were as real then as they
are now, the lack of sufficient scientific oversight and America's prudish drug
laws robbed the movement of any sense of legitimacy, and brought ruin to
its practitioners. Leary, Stanley, and Kesey all ended up in prison on drug
offenses, the latter two becoming recluses upon their release.
Canada was a different story altogether. As early as the 1950s,
Saskatchewan was leading the
world in treating issues such as
addiction, paranoia, and manic
depression with LSD. Under
Saskatchewan Premier Tommy
Douglas, author of Canada's
modern healthcare system,
Weyburn Mental Hospital
(where the term "psychedelic"
was first coined) conducted bold
experiments to treat mental
disorders, allowing doctors and
nurses to take LSD to better
understand and empathize with the mentally ill - a practice that reportedly
had a profoundly constructive effect on the hospital's population. The
psychiatrist who led the treatment, Humphry Osmond, introduced trip-lit
author Aldous Huxley to mescaline, and had earlier used LSD to cure Bill
Wilson - co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous - of his drinking problem.
But it wasn't long before LSD and other synthetic psychedelics spread
from the pharmacy to the streets. As a symbol of the counterculture, LSD
was quickly demonized and outlawed in US states through the 1960s, and
Canada in 1968, leading to what was essentially a worldwide ban at the United
Under Saskatchewan Premier Tommy Douglas,
author of Canada's modern healthcare system,
Weyburn Mental Hospital (where the term
"psychedelic" was first coined) conducted bold
experiments to treat mental disorders, allowing
doctors and nurses to take LSD to better
understand and empathize with the mentally
ill - a practice that reportedly had a profoundly
constructive effect on the hospital's population.
Nations Convention On Psychotropic Substances
in 1971, classified among drugs with "no currently
accepted medical use."
The last North American institution to legally use
LSD therapy was New Westminster's Hollywood
Hospital in 1971. Instead of drugs of use, psychedelics
became drugs of abuse, and their potential therapeutic
value was lost in the global fearmongering.
"The drug laws that essentially kept these drugs
out of the hands of scientists and doctors didn't do
so much to keep them off the street, but resulted in
essentially shutting down human-subject research for
a good 30 years or so pretty much everywhere around
the world," says Tupper. "So we basically lost a whole
generation of potential researchers and medical
professionals who lost interest, or in many cases didn't
even learn about it - medical schools stopped teaching
the history of psychedelic research."
At the turn of the century, however, things began to
change. Underground experimentation had continued,
and by the 1990s a new counterculture had arisen in
the rave and nightclub scenes that centered around the
mood-altering effects of MDMA. Ecstasy became the
default party drug, and an increasing liberalism in the
West encouraged intrepid researchers to navigate the
bureaucracy of administering controlled substances,
renewing interest in the potential mental health
benefits of synthetic drugs.
 altered perceptions
In a bit of a virtuous circle, positive results from these early studies led to more interest,
which meant more money, which meant more research. Far from the ethically questionable
experimentation of the 1960s, 21st-century research is rigorously controlled by medical
professionals who are keenly aware of the optics of the situation. Protocols ranging from
university ethics approvals processes to Health Canada clinical trial regulations help reinforce
a sense of precaution absent from 20th-century research.
And though the research has tiptoed at a snail's pace
over the past two decades, in many cases the results
have been deeply encouraging, perhaps even providing
a path away from the scourge of addictive prescription
opiates that have overwhelmed our medical system.
"People are desperately in need of innovative
treatments for the malaises of modernity - things like
anxiety, depression, PTSD, addictions - that are so
rampant in society," says Tupper. "We really need to
explore these new clinical tools that may not be that far
away from us, but have long been dismissed as having
'no medical value and highly likely to be abused'."
The optics of psychedelics as drugs of abuse, though
largely overcome by the medical community, still linger
in the eyes of government agencies, a fact that limits research to institutions that can pony
up the necessary capital through private donors. To date, neither the Canadian Institutes of
Health Research nor the US National Institute on Drug Abuse - the world's largest funder of
addiction research - has supported research in this area.
"We're kind of rubbing pennies together to do this work," says Wood, "but I think it really is
the most exciting area in mental health right now. Substance use in general doesn't get much
funding in comparison to the burden of disease. Addiction medicine for a long time has been
an unwanted stepchild in the healthcare system, and has not received the appropriate funding
by any stretch of the imagination."
Our tendency to treat addiction as a criminal issue rather than a medical issue - a War
on Drugs that should have been fought as a War on Dependency - has created an enduring
stigma of lawlessness and abuse that makes political entities hesitant to commit tax dollars
to research, no matter how promising it is.
Some believe the Canadian Institutes of Health Research should have a dedicated
substance-use research institute that focuses on tobacco, alcohol, opioids, and behavioral
People are desperately in need of innovative
treatments for the malaises of modernity
-things like anxiety, depression, PTSD,
addictions - that are so rampant in society.
We really need to explore these new
clinical tools that may not be that far away
from us, but have long been dismissed as
having 'no medical value and highly likely
to be abused'."
- Kenneth Tupper
addictions like eating disorders and gambling.
Currently, such research is subsumed under the
National Institute for Mental Health, Neuroscience,
and Addiction, where the addiction funding is limited.
Until such a milestone is achieved, the hope is that
existing philanthropic support will be enough to get
the pilot data needed to achieve
real funding from federal granting
agencies. But if the private money
dries up, there is no viable path to
public money, and the research may
once again may be lost or delayed.
For a researcher in a scientific lab,
if you don't get grant money you
don't do research, and even the
most dedicated practitioners will
stop requesting funds they know
they won't receive.
This would be a tremendous
loss for a promising new direction
for treatment. The existing evidence for psychedelic
therapy as a viable tool to fight alcohol, tobacco, and
opioid addiction is compelling, and even the US Food
and Drug Administration has recognized - though
not yet funded - MDMA as a potential breakthrough
therapy to combat PTSD.
Evan Wood is optimistic. Many of his senior-level
team at the BC Centre on Substance Use were formerly
with the BC Centre for Excellence in HIV/AIDS, which
wrote the provincial guidelines for the treatment of
HIV infection, bringing about a 90 per cent reduction
in new HIV cases and AIDS deaths across the province.
Since British Columbia has no such guidelines and
standards for addictive disorders, there is a lot of
variability in terms of how care is provided. The BCCSU
is trying to step into this vacuum, sharing therapeutic
guidelines for the treatment of opioid addiction in BC
on their website, a process that has become the de
facto national guideline.
The challenge now is for the healthcare system
to step up - to separate stigma from evidence, fund
necessary research into these promising therapies,
and establish guidelines and the blueprints for their
implementation, "to enable the fruits of that research
to become meaningful for people that are affected by
these conditions," says Wood. "So that's the idea -
we're not off in some laboratory studying things and
disconnected from the healthcare system. We have
a mandate to study and implement and promote
best practice. If the research can confirm what the
pilot studies and what the original research showed,
we may have something with enormous potential to
improve some of the most challenging and vexing
health system challenges that we face." D
JUNE 3-17, 2019
UBC lecturer and museum
curator Paula Swart
UBC Associate Professor
Julian Dierkes
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— ^-
Does the key to minimizing
catastrophic wildfires
lie in pre-colonial forest
management practices?
'*   V
TV  9-
O    (0
CT>  "O.
— o
Having recently lived through the worst wildfire season on record in BC, Kelsey Copes-Gerbitz
is the first to acknowledge that promoting the benefits of fire in the province's interior forests
is a hard sell. BC foresters have worked diligently - and often successfully - in the last century
to supress fire, to prevent its outbreak or discourage its spread. And after seeing firsthand
the threat and devastation of wildfires raging near her research area outside Williams Lake
last summer, this UBC PhD student now has a visceral sense of why you might want to avoid
fire at all costs.
But looking back into the scientific record, and plumbing more deeply into human
memory - especially through her collaboration with the Williams Lake Indian Band (T'exelc)
- Copes-Gerbitz says two conclusions are inescapable: first, wildfire has always been an
integral part of the BC interior forest ecology, and second, humans have often worked with
fire more successfully than they have fought against it.
Copes-Gerbitz has just wrapped up the second year of what she anticipates as four years
of interdisciplinary doctoral research in the UBC Faculty of Forestry. On the ecological side,
she is looking at tree-ring studies to establish a long-term wildfire record in the Williams Lake
Community Forest, which is jointly managed by the T'exelc and the City. At the same time,
she is working closely with community members, particularly with the T'exelc Elders, to better
understand how humans have coexisted with fire over the centuries.
As previous research shows, "these areas used to have a lot of low severity fires - every five
to 15 years," Copes-Gerbitz says. But the outbreaks were patchy, "never hectares and hectares
of devastated landscape as we saw last summer."
Three things have changed. First, a century of
increasingly effective fire suppression has allowed
fuel to build up in the forests, so when fire breaks
out, there is more to burn, creating blazes that are
fiercer and run farther. Second, climate change has
turned up the heat, or made the forest more fragile,
for example by allowing the devastating spread of
the mountain pine beetle.
The third factor - less well known, but closely related to the first - is that Indigenous
people are no longer managing the forests with fire. It turns out that before colonial times,
it was common for people to set lots of small, strategic fires, for purposes ranging from
reinvigorating berry crops to managing game - for example, by attracting caribou that find
better forage in forested areas where a small fire has reduced the dense undergrowth.
This doesn't mean that anyone is planning to head into the woods with an
underdeveloped plan and a package of matches, but it strongly suggests that
Copes-Gerbitz is the right person, at the right time and, perhaps surprisingly,
in exactly the right place.
The surprise arises because Copes-Gerbitz is, as they say, not from around here.
She grew up in Hawaii, hiking the mountainside forests on the Hilo side of the
Big Island. After high school, she moved to the mainland, choosing Willamette
University in Salem, Oregon, because it offered her the opportunity to pursue
a double major in environmental science and archaeology, reflecting a split
interest in both landscapes and people.
After her undergraduate studies, Copes-Gerbitz began working with an
ecological non-profit on forest management and restoration. There, she started
to understand how difficult it is to manage the landscape in what she calls
"a multi-value setting," where you have to balance or accommodate ecological
goals, economic goals and social goals all at the same time. She went on to do
a master's in environmental modelling at the University of Manchester in the
UK, and, working afterward as an environmental consultant, she again found
herself "the middle man between people with fundamentally different values -
between people who want to develop and people who want to protect."
Before colonial times, it was
common for people to set lots of
small, strategic fires, for purposes
ranging from reinvigorating
berry crops to managing game.
a. s.
co fj>
O °
 The more she felt this tension, the happier Copes-Gerbitz became
about the interdisciplinary nature of her studies to date. In a single
discipline - or in a forestry faculty less interdisciplinary than UBC's -
Copes-Gerbitz says you can wind up with scientists and ecologists who
are inclined to shy away from people - who are accomplished in their
area of expertise, but not trained in social science research methods.
But, Copes-Gerbitz says, "unless you can talk to people of all different
perspectives - unless you can work collaboratively with everyone - change
is going to be much more difficult to come by." That's why she chose to
pursue her PhD at UBC, where her thesis supervisor is Dr. Lori Daniels,
an expert in fire ecology who has worked hard to engage with communities
throughout the province. In addition, Copes-Gerbitz benefits from the
guidance of a social science methods expert, Dr. Shannon Hagerman, who
has extensive experience working across the sciences in a policy context.
And the move to BC has proved an excellent choice. "I've been loving
every step," Copes-Gerbitz says. "I'm loving the urgency of doing this kind
of work." To support it, Copes-Gerbitz applied for UBC's Public Scholar
Initiative award, which benefits doctoral students whose research is
explicitly linked to purposeful social contribution and innovative forms of
scholarship. She also landed a student grant from the faculty's Aboriginal
Community Research Seed Fund. Without these sources of funding, says
Copes-Gerbitz, the long-term community engagement necessitated by
collaborative work, and the ability to give back to the community, would
have been difficult to fully realize.
Copes-Gerbitz says she is less concerned about finding "a job" after
achieving her degree than she is about maintaining the impact of the
work she is doing already. This is not one of those projects where you
can usefully drop in, conduct your research and leave with the product,
Change their world so they can change ours
Saturday, September 22, 2018
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vs. University of Calgary Dinos
Buy your tickets now! homecoming.ubc-ca/alumni-day
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Meloche Monnex
[HI Manulife
 When Gail Murphy and her team launched Tasktop
Technologies in 2007, they were involved in one of
the things UBC does best: turning creativity, new
knowledge, problem solving and innovation into
a commercial enterprise.
Murphy, along with then-PhD student Mik Kersten
and research engineer Robert Elves, saw opportunities
in the world of open source software and, with help from
UBC's University/Industry Liaison Office (UILO), they
transformed their ideas into a viable startup.
Tasktop Technologies works with large corporations
and organizations that have developed diverse
software tools to meet the needs of the various aspects
of their business: information gatherering, coding,
product testing. Such tools are typically developed
independently of each other, producing huge headaches
when it comes to sharing information across different
levels of the organization. Murphy's team solved that
problem by devising a way to synchronize data among
these tools, speeding up the process of change and
improvement across the board. Ten years later, the
company is thriving.
Last August, Murphy was named Vice President
Research and Innovation (VPRI) at UBC, and is working
to help other researchers replicate her experience.
"UBC's research mission has always been about
understanding the world around us," she says, "and to
solve difficult problems in every field from astronomy
and medicine to engineering and the arts. It's also about
getting results on the ground: not just doing high quality
research, but getting that research out into the world
where it can make a difference."
Not that pure research - research for the sake of it -
isn't still a high priority at UBC: it is. Research whose sole
aim is the creation of new knowledge is the lifeblood of
any university, and the target of most research-funding
grants at UBC. Some of the key roles of the VP Research
portfolio are to help researchers attract and manage
funding through grants and industry partners, establish
research relationships with other organizations and
comply with various grant-related regulations.
That this research sometimes results in
commercialization is icing on the cake. The portfolio
is also the driving force behind innovationUBC, an
overarching institutional initiative that focusses on
entrepreneurial opportunities, partnerships with
industry, knowledge exchange and developing
commercial ventures based on research conducted
at the university.
Innovation has long been at the heart of UBC's
mission. The UILO has been operating for more than
three decades, and is a North American leader in patent
registration, licensing, technology transfer and the
commercialization of academic research, helping in the establishment of 200 spin-off companies
that feature UBC-developed technologies. These ventures have resulted in an estimated $11 billion
in economic activity.
One of Murphy's goals as VPRI is to dramatically expand UBC's role as a steward of the
innovation spirit, and to that end she established innovationUBC as a centralizing function for
the VPRI's entrepreneurial outreach. Her initiatives focus on drawing out research projects
that have commercialization potential, and providing training, mentorship, seed funding, office
space and general expertise to fledgling entrepreneurs. The portfolio's entrepreneurial outreach
offers four different pathways "to help scholars and researchers translate their innovations into
viable socio-economic ventures, lobbying government or developing real-world impacts for their
research," says Murphy. Typically, academics aren't naturals when it comes to business savvy,
and they need all the support they can get.
■ The first pathway builds on the model established by the UILO: provide researchers with
help in patent registration, product and concept licensing, finding sponsors for promising
research and general liaison with various industries to link researchers with potential
business opportunities.
■ The second pathway uses entrepreneurship@UBC (e@U6C), a precursor to the innovationUBC
initiative, to help faculty, staff, students and alumni understand and put into practice the
steps needed to prepare themselves and their product for commercial ventures. e@UBC is
focussed on the practicalities of setting up an enterprise, including seed funding for startups,
entrepreneurial training and a large mentoring network, including mentors-in-residence.
■ The third pathway develops relationships between UBC people and outside organizations
including NGOs, private sector organizations and government. Part of the innovationUBC
thrust is to hire staff who know who these potential partners are and how to
connect with them.
■ The fourth pathway helps researchers understand how their new knowledge might be
adapted and organized in such a way that it can develop its socio-economic impact through
a new government policy, new clinical practice or social enterprise.
Not all research projects at UBC have (or should have) socio-economic potential. But by
using the four pathways, interested researchers can investigate that potential and reach realistic
decisions about the process.
e@UBC is headquartered at the Graham Lee Innovation Centre (located in the Robert E. Lee
Alumni Centre). Using workshops for business model development, market investigation and
entrepreneurial training, e@UBC, is intended as a clearing house for presenting UBC-developed
research to the commercial world.
Murphy's VPRI office is in the process of establishing new entrepreneurial hubs under the
banner of innovationUBC, one each at Robson Square, Point Grey and UBC Okanagan. Based
on the e@UBC concept, these hubs will provide a location for mentorship - utilizing existin
UBC spinoffs, local businesses and alumni - to give real-world advice to program participants
as well as startup space and seed financing for ventures that can benefit from contact with
the innovationUBC ecosystem, and will help external collaborators find their way into the
UBC system. The Robson Square innovationUBC centre is ramping up towards an official
launch this spring.
Ultimately, the purpose of these hubs is to gather together support from different
faculties and outside organizations in a central area to facilitate relationships
and interaction.
"UBC is a huge, complex institution," says Murphy, "and is often seen as
difficult to penetrate. These hubs will help gather both the knowledge
and the people, and provide a front door to the university."
Because access to innovationUBC's resources will be centralized    • I
and not hidden away in various faculties and offices, Murphy #      ^
hopes the hubs will attract a wider range of the university's
talents, including more women entrepreneurs.
"We know that diverse teams produce better results
in the workplace, but we have a lot of work to do to
convince young women to get involved in high-tech
research areas," she says. "Part of our job is to work
with industry to show how these diverse work groups
are a huge benefit."
Gail Murphy's research - and        	
passion - is in digital technology.
British Columbia has some of
the strongest programs in the
country through our various
post-secondary institutions,
which is a huge advantage for
companies seeking locations that
have a ready workforce trained
at top-level schools. Microsoft,
for example, recently opened
in Vancouver with a 700-stron;
workforce just down the street
from UBC Robson Square.
Murphy was also instrumental in establishing
the Master of Data Science degree at UBC, which
had its first intake in September 2016. This
year, the program received nearly
"UBC's research mission has always been
about understanding the world around us,
and to solve difficult problems in every field
from astronomy and medicine to engineering
and the arts. It's also about getting results
on the ground: not just doing high quality
research, but getting that research out ir
the world where it can make a difference."
-Gail Murphy
 smart business
As well, UBC was a founding member of a consortium of predominantly
BC businesses, high-tech startups and post secondary schools that
competed to be part of the federal government's Innovation Superclusters
Initiative. The program will share a $950 million dollar grant (matched dollar
for dollar by industry partners), and was created to fund five high-level,
intensely focussed research centres in areas of special expertise in various
parts of the country. Quebec, for example, was awarded a Supercluster in
artificial intelligence; Atlantic Canada was awarded the Ocean Supercluster
to improve Canada's competiveness in ocean-based industries; Ontario was
awarded an Advanced Manufacturing Supercluster; and the Prairies were
awarded the Protein Industries Supercluster to develop plant proteins.
BC's proposal, Canada's Digital Technology Supercluster, was also one of the
successful ones. The Supercluster joins industrial partners such as Microsoft,
TELUS, Providence Health Care, Canfor, The Terry Fox Research Initiative and
more than 200 other organizations and schools, and will, says UBC president
Santo Ono "accelerate Canada's global advantage in digital technology using
      big data to create new economic
opportunities and address
the productivity, health and
sustainability challenges facing
the world today."
  But innovationUBC doesn't
just mean high tech. e@UBC
has cultivated or is cultivating ventures from virtually every faculty at the
university, from the arts and pharmaceuticals to athletics and healthcare.
Boost Environment, for example, uses a patented process to treat sewage
sludge and agricultural wastes. It helps municipal wastewater plants reduce
the amount of sludge produced, lowering costs and benefiting the local
environment. Grain sources dry goods - freshly milled flour, legumes, grains
-from local farms and offers home delivery of their products. Their motto
is "Fresh Food for Fresh People." AnandiaLabs uses genomics and metabolite
analysis to create next-gen medical cannabis with optimized therapeutic
properties. It also provides analytical testing and identification services to
the emerging legal cannabis industry in Canada. Vesalius Cardiovascular is
promoting a surgical implant that can repair mitral regurgitation, a major
heart disease. The device is introduced through the skin, eliminating the need
for open-heart surgery. Acuva, started by UBC alumnus Manoj Singh, MBA'to,
uses ultra violet LEDs to develop a low power, zero maintenance drinking
water purification system that can be used "at the sink," or where the water
comes out of the tap or storage container. It's a particular boon to rural areas
away from the grid or in areas of recent disasters, where access to power
is the biggest obstacle to clean drinking water (see story on facing page).
"It's amazing what's happening at UBC every day," says Gail Murphy.
"Our faculty, staff and students have so much to offer the world. We
welcome alumni to come and get involved through mentorship, research
collaborations and even for investment. We would love to hear from you." D
Microsoft recently opened in
Vancouver with a 700-strong
workforce just down the street
from UBC Robson Square.
For more information about e@UBC, visit entrepreneurship.ubc.ca.
To read more about research at UBC, visit research.ubc.ca
innovation ubc
UBC alumni
and entrepreneu
Manoj Singh.
Photo: Martin Dee
How an MBA grad
was equipped to potentially
change the lives of millions
Acuva went on to attract a Series A round of funding from other investors, and to date
has raised $4.5 million, with the majority of funds coming from local angel investors who
are alumni of UBC.
Singh plans to keep up the pace, and hopes that within a year the product will be developed
to the point where it can be shipped to off-grid areas in China, India and other areas of
Asia and Africa.
Eventually the technology will also be used to kill microorganisms in the air and on
surfaces. But to start, the company launched the product in North America, and geared
it toward the recreational market - boaters, campers, RVers, and others who may not
always have access to clean water when they go off the beaten track.
"We decided to start in North America primarily because of physical proximity," says
Singh. "It's much easier to troubleshoot when your customers are next door, rather than
10,000 kilometres away."
The technology has since been developed into cost-effective water purification units
for mass markets, intended for integration into appliances such as ice-makers. Six months
When Manoj Singh, MBA'10, set out to launch a startup, he didn't just want
to create a successful business- he wanted to help change the world.
Singh had already studied engineering at one of India's most prestigious
institutes and worked for over a decade in research and development with
the Tata Group, a$i20-billion enterprise that operates in 100 countries.
He had also worked as head of market development and technology
commercialization for South Asian markets at Westport, an engineering
company that specializes in alternative fuels and operates in more
than 70 countries.
But deep down Singh was an entrepreneur with a passion for startups
and the steely mix of knowledge and nerve required to succeed - and he
was willing to put his life savings on the line to do it.
A couple of years after completing his MBA, Singh returned to UBC
to in search of collaborators to start a new enterprise. He approached
entrepreneurship@UBC (e@UBC), which offers mentorship, venture
creation and seed funding, and helps connect businesspeople with
research and innovation on campus. They in turn linked him with the
University-Industry Liaison Office, where Singh learned about the
technology that would drive his company-Acuva Technologies Inc.
The technology-which was developed by Dr. FariborzTaghipour of
UBC's Department of Chemical and Biological Engineering - uses ultraviolet
LED to destroy microorganisms in water, but what really sets it apart from
other purification systems is that it requires very little power- so little,
in fact, that it can operate on battery alone. It's also portable, compact,
requires virtually no maintenance, and it doesn't create waste or harm
the environment.
"This is independent of grid infrastructure, which means you can
deploy it wherever you want," says Singh, who adds that the technology is
especially promising for the many areas of Asia and Africa where access
to power is one of the biggest barriers to clean drinking water.
"And once you install it, it works an entire lifetime without
havingto do anything more."
But for Singh it the motivation wasn't only to create an
environmentally and financially sustainable business model -
he was also driven by personal experience.
"I spent the first 15 years of my life in rural India, and have
gone through the challenges of accessing clean drinking
water, and infrastructure issues. All those things you read in
textbooks, I have experienced them myself," says Singh, who
weaves social responsibility into all of his business pursuits.
Todd Farrell manages the UBC Seed Fund, which invests
risk capital in innovative startups founded at UBC. He has
worked closely with Singh from the beginning and oversaw
initial funding of $450,000 for the project. He says Singh's
blend of business knowledge and technical skill, along with
his calm demeanor and excellent interpersonal skills, have
been invaluable.
"He's also a very tenacious individual - and he is willing to
ask for help, but he certainly has his own mind. He collects
information, analyzes what he hears, discards what he doesn't
like and comes up with a plan," says Farrell, who adds that
Acuva will not require philanthropic support from governments
or charities, but rather is projected to be profitable on its own.
Benefiting from two seed rounds and a bridge,
Acuva evolved from a research project and pre-prototype
to a commercial project in less than 24 months. "That's
a pretty incredible pace," says Farrell, who now chairs the
company's board.
from now, the water dispenser in your fridge may well be
using Acuva technology.
Today, the company employs 20 people and has formed
important partnerships with global distributors. As markets
expand and the rate of production ramps up, the product
cost has dropped dramatically and is predicted to drop even
further, boding well for the future provision of low-cost units
to remote communities.
Singh says he has used "every bit" of the knowledge he
acquired during his MBA to make Acuva a success, and he
also credits e@UBC, the University-Industry Liaison Office,
and all of the entrepreneurial support at UBC for helpingto
get his business off the ground.
As well as the seed-funding, use of office space, and the technology itself, Singh
benefited from a dynamic network - from which he drew for mentorship, investment
and talent -including the three UBC PhD grads he hired to join the company.
"When you start a small company, especially with technology, you start with almost
zero - no credentials, no identity, nothingtoshow. It's very hard to find the first set of
people who believe in what you believe, who associate their prestige and reputation,
and who put in the resources and money," says Singh. "That was a huge help that
Acuva received from the UBC ecosystem."
Singh says all of that knowledge and support, along with his 20 years of corporate
experience, have given him immense confidence, and a desire, in turn, to help his team
members pursuetheir dreams. His upbringing and his experience as an immigrant also
gave him an unshakable tolerance for risk.
"In the early part of my childhood I had nothingto lose. That made me an inherent
risk-taker. Once you have that attitude, everything becomes easier," he says. "You
have the ability to make decisions that are inherently risky for many- because for me,
it's very normal."
 i  I
Photo: Paul Joseph
Author Alix Ohlin started a new life
chapter this January, becoming head
of UBC's Creative Writing Program.
Born and raised in Montreal, Ohlin
graduated magna cum laude
from Harvard University with an
English and American Literature
and Language degree in 1992 and
earned her MFA in writing from
the Michener Center for Writers,
University of Texas at Austin, in 2001.
Today, she is an internationally
renowned writer whose 2012 novel,
Inside, was named a best book of the
year by the San Francisco Chronicle,
Amazon, ca, and iTunes Canada,
and a finalist for the Scotiabank
Giller and Rogers Writers'Trust
prizes. She has also published two
collections of short stories and her
first novel, The Missing Person, was
published in 2005.
Ohlin has been an English
professor at Lafayette College in
Easton, Pennsylvania, a faculty
member in the Warren Wilson
MFA Program for Writers in North
Carolina, and has also taught
writing at the New York State
Summer Writers Institute. Most
recently, she taught at McGill
University as the Mordecai Richler
Writer-in-Residence for 2016-17.
She specializes in teaching fiction,
screenwritingand environmental
writing and has distinguished herself
as a mentor to younger writers.
When we asked Ohlin to
recommend some choice books, she
didn't have to look any further than
the Creative Writing Program's own
talented grads. From a sweeping
historical novel to an adventurous
memoirtoastoryyoucan read with
your kids, Ohlin is confident these
books will entertain and enlighten
you all summer long. D
By Nicola Campbell, BFA'07, MFA'12
On a beautiful spring day in the Okanagan valley, a First Nations family heads
out together in their red minivan. With much laughter, the family explores, picks
plants, and eventually shares a picnic of hot sweet tea and salmon sandwiches.
The young grandchildren ask questions and their grandmother, Yayah, answers
them, sharing her wisdom. She tells them which plants can be eaten and which can
be used as medicine, from lightning mushrooms and wild rhubarb to sunflowers
and arnica. At the same time, she instructs the children - and the reader - in their
Indigenous language. "What a beautiful day," she tells the children. "In our language,
qwamqw9mt means beautiful." The book includes phonetic pronunciations of
the Indigenous words as well as a glossary at the back. Written by First Nations
author Nicola Campbell, A Day with Yayah depicts a family in harmony both with
one another and with their culture. The mood is festive and uplifting, and the rich
descriptions of the natural world set lovely scenes: "The sun shone bright and
shadows danced through the red willows and cottonwood trees. An owl flew low
overhead. The breeze was cool, with the warmth of spring." Beautifully illustrated by
Julie Flett,/A Day with Yayah was a finalist for the Christie Harris Illustrated Children's
Literature Prize. It's a perfect choice for a family to read together on a summer day.
By Eden Robinson, A/IFA'95
Eden Robinson is a national treasure, and by the time this magazine arrives in
your mailbox, she'll also be the recipient of an honorary doctor of letters from
UBC. In this Scotiabank Giller Prize-nominated novel, the first of a planned
trilogy, Robinson gives us Jared, a young teenager struggling to find his way
in the world against difficult odds. His mother loves him dearly but she has
problems of her own. His father has a new family and a debilitating back injury.
He misses his dead dog, Baby Killer, a much sweeter animal than the name
implies. Though he's only 16, Jared is the one who takes care of everybody
else. Meanwhile, he doesn't understand why his grandmother, who seems to
dislike him, has told him he's the son of a trickster and - even more disturbingly
- why ravens sometimes speak to him. It's impossible not to root for Jared,
a relatable teenager faced with more troubles than any one person should
ever have to deal with. When Robinson won the prestigious $50,000 Writers'
Trust Fellowship in 2017, the prize jury noted that her characters are "magnetic,
resilient, and spirited, even when they might be a bit twisted." Her quick-witted
dialogue and unique humor sparkle on every page of this gritty, funny, and
enjoyable book. The second volume of the trilogy comes out in October
(and the entire trilogy has been optioned for television), so read the first one
now in order to be caught up in time.
II:.,   . Il,ibntf,.    ,"«i hn:
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act   Ha rr   s
By Ellen Keith, MFA'i6
Amsterdam, 1943. Marijke de Graaf, a Dutch woman involved in the resistance, and her husband Theo
are arrested and deported to separate concentration camps in Germany. Faced with the terrible choice
between work in a labour camp or in a brothel, Marijke picks the brothel. Meanwhile, at Buchenwald,
an SS officer named Karl Muller faces the cruel tasks of punishment that are required of him. Years later,
in Buenos Aires, young student Luciano Wagner is caught up in the Argentinian Dirty War and struggles
to endure military captivity. How will these three lives gradually intertwine? What path will each person
follow against the dramatic backdrops of war, terror, and oppression? The decisions they make will have
lasting consequences. Winner of the Harper Collins/UBC Prize for Best New Fiction, The Dutch Wife is
both a romantic page-turner and a gripping historical thriller Ellen Keith handles her intense material
with such skill and maturity, you'll be amazed that this is her debut novel. She has a great gift for writing
vivid scenes and characters that come to life. As the spellbinding plot unfolds, Keith raises intriguing
questions about love, sacrifice, and the limits of human endurance. The Toronto Star called The Dutch
Wife "a well-researched, supremely absorbing tale that shines a light on the horrors of humanity." Lushly
written and powerfully imagined, The Dutch Wife is the perfect summer read - a poignant yet fast-paced
one that you can sink into.
By Michael Harris, BA'02, MFA'iy
"I came away from this book a better human being,"
says celebrated author Douglas Coupland about
Michael Harris' latest book. Harris, an award-winning
writer of non-fiction, examines what it means to be
alone in today's world, why true solitude is so hard
to find, and why it may be more important now than
ever before. Being alone, he argues, takes skill. It offers
great rewards in terms of our creativity, individuality,
and sense of self. By allowing us to recharge, it
can even fortify our relationships to others. Yet in
a contemporary world that focuses on the social
and the shared, in which interaction is monetized by
digital platforms, our solitude is undervalued. And
paradoxically, though we're increasingly connected
online, many of us feel lonelier than ever One cure
for loneliness is other people; another one, Solitude
suggests, is learning to truly understand and
appreciate ourtime alone. With a poet's eloquence
and a reporter's knack for observation, Harris gives
us examples of solitude as an uplifting experience. He
weaves together anecdotes from his own life, historical
details, and reporting from the worlds of brain research,
psychology, and technology. Ultimately optimistic,
Solitude shows how to find quiet inside crowded spaces
and hectic hours. You can read it, as the Winnipeg
Free Press wrote, as "a self-help instruction manual
for snatching up more of these valuable moments in
our busy lives."
By Jan Redford, MFA'15
If you enjoyed Cheryl Strayed's Wild, you'll
be drawn to Jan Redford's spirited, exciting
memoir of a life spent climbing mountains
in and around British Columbia. Her love of
climbing is first kindled as a teenager, and
is only heightened in her twenties when she
meets and falls in love with her boyfriend
Dan Guthrie. When Dan is killed in an
avalanche, she throws herself into marriage
and family life with one of his best friends.
Later, after they divorce, she comes into her
own as a single mother, teacher, and writer
Adventure and risk, Redford's memoir tells
us, are part of life at every turn, and things
rarely, if ever, turn out the way we expect
them to. Redford's style is raw, insightful,
and unflinchingly honest, and you will cheer
for her as she forges her unconventional
path through the world. Her passion for
mountains comes through on every page:
"the only thing that had seemed like my
own was climbing," she writes. End of the
Rope is a book that beautifully captures the
culture and landscape of climbing, includes
the close-knit group of people who are
drawn to the challenge it represents. But this
book is about more than mountains; it also
tackles love, grief, failure, parenting, and the
quest for self-fulfillment. It's a gripping and
memorable reading experience.
Highlights from the busy schedule of UBC
president Santa J. Ono. Follow him on Facebook,
Instagram, YouTube and Tw/ffer@UBCprez
Met Mike Dedagne (right), currently president
of Nipissing University and former director
of the Aboriginal Healing Foundation
Pictured centre is UBC's Line Kesler, director
of the UBC First Nations House of Learninq
and senior advisor to the president
on Aboriginal affairs.
z™j»t°j>°sh Foster (left), UBC's new
UBCblf' Wi° ms mods»l»9 the new
UBC band uniform. On the right is band
president Andy Ferguson.
' "^^^T   , „f the UBC Quidditch Team.
Met some of the members of the uisc <y
facilities for i*5"^ k^es,ologt/-
Ws/t to Kelowna, who were
Zsome UBC ^^^^S^^ ^ ^
helping to organize   Recess, awe
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EST «     fSl
1  "l
UBC has launched its new
strategic plan, Shaping UBC's
Next Century. It sets out
the university's collective
vision, purpose, goals and
strategies for the years ahead.
Explore the plan at
Played in a quartet with UBC School of
Music students for a pop-up concert at
the Broadway-City Hall SkyTrain Station.
Last year, wat^*^,
Caught up with Jeremy Rifkin and David Suzuki.
Rifkin presented on "The Third Industrial Revolution:
Can we prevent the next mass extinction of life on
Earth?" as part of the UBC Connects public lecture series
(coming up: Michio ICaku and Isabel Allende).
checked out the ladder Clock
commemorates its SOW ami        s
ark ayid a long winning streak.
The University of British Columbia
presented by President and
Vice-Chancellor Santa J. Ono
In partnership with alumni UBC
Michio Kaku
The Universe in a Nutshell: Why physics is the key to pretty
much everything
WEDNESDAY, SEPTEMBER 26, 2018   |   6:30-9:00 PM
In his characteristic fun, friendly and highly accessible manner, theoretical
physicist and bestselling author Michio Kaku presents a succinct history
of physics and makes a compelling case for why this particular branch of
science is the key to pretty much everything.
He argues that physicists may soon shrink the science of the Big Bang into
an equation as small as Einstein's famous e=mc2, and that advances in
string theory may allow us to escape the heat death of the universe, explore
the multiverse, and unlock the secrets of existence.
Whether you slept through high school science or are about to defend
your thesis in quantum physics, your curiosity and imagination is sure
to be ignited by this spellbinding session with one of the world's most
famous scientists.
Isabel Allende
The Alchemy of Truth: The power of story to change the world
TUESDAY, NOVEMBER 13, 2018   |   6:30-9:00 PM
In this era of #metoo, #timesup, #letstalk and #blacklivesmatter,
story-telling - individually and collectively - matters more than ever. In
this talk, famed novelist Isabel Allende unpacks the power of story to,
as she says, "make the world good - not just better." An unrepentant
feminist who exhorts audiences to speak with passion and purpose about
what must not be forgotten, Allende explores themes of social justice,
female empowerment, and personal and political freedom with hope
and good humour.
PREVIOUS speakers:
Waneek Horn-Miller
The Wisdom of Reconciliation: A roadmap for multiculturalism
Jeremy Rifkin
The Third Industrial Revolution: Can we prevent the next mass
extinction of life on Earth?
This series is made possible with the generous support
of the R&J Stern Family Foundation
Find out more, and access the presentations
of previous speakers, at ubc.ca/ubcconnects
 the big picture
UBC student Adina Williams spoke at the opening of the
Indian Residential School History and Dialogue Centre in April.
For more information about the centre, or to watch a webcast of the
opening, visit aboriginal.ubc.ca/indian-residential-school-centre
'It's a large problem that survivors [of Indian residential schools], as well as their families and communities,
have to continue to validate their lived experiences. For me, as an Indigenous student, so often I have had
to either be an expert on these topics, or challenge another person who wants to argue that it is time for
us to move on, or to get over it. These are comments that so many of us here today are so used to hearing,
and I believe that they're based off racist and sterotypical assumptions that have been developed as a result
of the lack of education that Canadians received on these parts of Canada's colonial history. This is why
the dialogue centre is not only a timely addition to the UBC campus, but it is also a necessary one. [It]
will play such a critical role in closing these large knowledge gaps that have been ignored for far too long.'
- Adina Williams j a    k 1
UBC 8 in Coal Harbour, summer of 797
(L-R) Mike Conway (coxswain), Edgar Sn
Karel Jonker, Rod Bell Irving, Mike Neary,
Ian Gordon, Doug McKegney, Benj Clark,
Bob Advent
What have you been up to lately? Share your latest
adventures, unique stories, milestones, and journeys
with fellow alumni in Class Acts. Don't be shy. You're
a member of alumni UBC - you've got bragging rights.
If your submission includes photos, please ensure they
are as high-resolution as possible. Submissions should
not exceed 750 characters (about 200 words), and may
be edited for length and clarity where necessary.
3 Q £jO
Sandra Cohen-Rose, B
yBHEc'58, a consultant dietitian-nutritionist, home
economist, and author, was elected president of the National Council of
Women of Canada (NCWC) at their 124th Annual General Meeting. She is
nowspearheadingtheir national Common Program 2017-2019: "Eliminating
Poverty Through Life Skills Education and Women's Empowerment." The
NCWC has been the leading national voice of women for the past 124 years.
Its initiatives have contributed significantly to the establishment of Canada's
social welfare system. Previously, Cohen-Rose headed the Montreal Council
of Women, the Consulting Dietitian of Canada, and the International
Coalition of Art Deco Societies. In 2002 she founded Art Deco Montreal.
Richard Garner, BSc'63, continues to practice orthopedic surgery at
a private practice in Anchorage, Alaska.     While Keith Harrison,
BA'6j, is primarily a novelist, his latest book is scholarly. Shakespeare,
Bakhtin, and Film: A Dialogic Lens uses the bold yet subtle ideas of Mikhail
Bakhtin - who celebrated the carnivalesque under Stalin - to explore
the politics and creativity of global Shakespeare on screens. Harrison
lives on Hornby Island and is an academic emeritus at Vancouver Island
University.      DougSturrock, BPE'63, (MA'ji, Alberta), has been busy since
retiring from his position as head of the Physical Education department
Last summer, members of the 1970-74 Thunderbird rowing crews met
for the first time in over 40 years. Held at the lakeside Whistler home of
crew member Karel Jonker, BA'72, and his wife Karen Jonker, BEd'73, on
August 20, the reunion was a chance for these sporty alumni to reminisce
about their shared experiences, on and off the water. Attendees included
competitors from the World Rowing Championships (1970), Pan American
Games (1971) and the Olympics (1968,1972, and 1976).
The idea for a reunion came from an exchange between rower
Dr. Trevor Josephson, BA'73, and former coach Dr. Peter Klavora,
MPhysEd'72. Once the idea spread to other team members, enthusiasm
was quick to build. "Rowers develop a special bond," says Josephson.
"I think because the training is so intense, and we focus completely on
teamwork as the very nature of the sport."
Back Row (L-R): Doug Cox, Bryce Leigh, Milton Stevenson, Trevor Josephson,
John Richardson, Doug McKegney, Edgar Smith, Sandy Manson, Karel Jonker.
Middle Row (L-R): Ian Hunt (coxswain), Benj Clark, John Rogers, Ian Gordon,
Jack Nelson, John Wilkinson. Front Row: (coxswain) Mike Conway.
Missing from photo but in attendance: (Coach) Alan Roaf
and rugby coach at Magee Secondary School. With Tom Keast, he published Once a Mermaid:
The Meraloma Club ig2^-ig88 in 2001 and he recently self-published It's a Try! The History of
Rugby in Canada. With over 1100 pages and 400+ images, it is the first of its kind to cover
the beginning and development of the sport in Canada from the mid-i86os to 2011. Contact
Doug at dougsturrock8go5@gmail.com to obtain a copy.
Ron Newman, BSc'70, has be
peen elected vice president of the Glencoe Club in Calgary,
Canada's pre-eminent sporting facility. He has also been elected president of the
Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists, effective April 1, 2018. ■
Hailed as "one of the best novels of the year" by The Globe
&Mail, John MacLachlan Gray, MA'j2, has published The
White Angela novel based on the 1924 murder of Janet
Smith in Vancouver- a city at the edge of the empire, still
reeling from the Great War with a barely functioning police
department and a thriving criminal class. As a playwright,
composer and theatre director, Gray has created many
acclaimed productions, most notably Billy Bishop Goes to
War (1978), which won the Governor General's Literary
Award for Drama, was produced on and off Broadway,
and was released as a feature film in 2011. As a writer,
he has authored several books, fiction and non-fiction,
including a series of mystery-thrillers. He is an officer
of the Order of Canada, and lives in Vancouver.
Brent Elliott, B/V73, MA'j4, (PhD'yS, U of London, UK), has retired after 40 years as librarian, then
historian, for the Royal Horticultural Society. Among his books are Victorian Gardens (1986)
and Federico Cesi's Botanical Manuscripts (2015, in the Paper Museum of Cassiano dal Pozzo
series).     Frances Pohl, BA'jj, MA'&o, has published the 4th revised edition of his textbook
Framing America: A Social History of American Art (Thames and H udson, 2017,2012,2008,
2002). This edition appears for the first time in two volumes and continues to be one of the
most widely used textbooks in college and university classes on American art. It extends
from prehistory to the present, covering the work of Indigenous peoples as well as those of
European, African and Asian descent.
Inlhis new book, James Giles, BA'80, MA'83, (PhD, Edinburgh), explores the many facets of
human sexuality. Through a series of interrelated essays, Gender, Desire, and Nakedness
(Hamilton Books, 2017), he investigates concepts of gender, sexual and romantic
attraction, sexual excitement, and sexual desire and fantasies, in an attempt to get
clear about this enigmatic aspect of our existence. Previously, Dr. Giles examined the
seemingly inexplicable nature of sexual attraction in Sexual Attraction: The Psychology
of Allure. • Dave Butler, BScF'81, has published his debut novel, Full Curl, with Dundurn
Press. The book is the first in the Jenny Willson mystery series, and tells the story of
a hard-edged, caustic-witted warden from Banff National Park, who considers poachers
and ladder-climbing bureaucrats equally repulsive and worthy of the same painful fate.
When Wi;lson discovers animals disappearing from Canada's mountain parks, she
begins a complex investigation that follows a trail of deceit, distraction and murder. With
a growing list of victims, both animal and human, Willson finds herself in a race for justice
that crisscrosses the Canada-US border and pushes Willson to a place from which she
might not return.      Bruna Martinuzzi, BA'81, MA'86, is celebrating the 14th year of her
business, Clarion Enterprises Ltd. She has helped thousands of clients in both business
and academia improve their presentation and communication skills. She feels great joy
in doing the work she loves.     You may not know it with Brexit, but more countries want
Jim Meekison, BA'6i, MA'62, (pictured on the left)
was recently announced as the 2018 recipient of the
Alma Mater Society's Great Trekker Award. The award,
which was presented by Jeff Todd (right, interim VP of
Development and Alumni Engagement and executive
director of alumni UBC), recognizes UBC alumni who
have achieved eminence in their fields, made significant
contributions to their communities, and shown ongoing
support to their alma mater.
Meekison's career has spanned over 40 years and
encompassed investment banking, cable television,
and private equity. He has served as director or chair of
numerous organizations, including Trimin Capital Corp.,
Nesbitt Thomson Limited, and Cablecasting Limited.
He currently serves on the Board of GMP Capital Inc.,
and as director of FitSkin, an emerging startup producing
technology that enables detailed skincare analysis through
a unique iPhone camera attachment.
In his early days at UBC, Meekison was frosh president
and a member of the AMS Student Council. After
graduation, he continued to have an extraordinary impact
on his alma mater. He served on UBC's start an evolution
Campaign Cabinet, enabling the university to successfully
complete the most ambitious fundraising and alumni
engagement campaign in Canadian university history.
He also served on the Dean of Arts Advisory Board.
A long-time university supporter, Meekison has
made a tremendous difference in the lives of many UBC
students through the establishment of the Meekison Arts
Student Space, a social and study space for arts students.
He established the Meekison Arts Student Entrance
Award, a $10,000 renewable award that recognizes
academic achievement, leadership skills, and an interest
in joining and contributing to the UBC community. He has
also provided generous support to UBC Okanagan.
 class acts
?son (right) with his friend and mentor
■ Jr. Nestor Korchinsky, former director
oflntramurals and Recreation at UBC.
The trunk is a time capsule put together
during UBC's centennial in 2075, and
intended as a gift for the future student  *
leaders oftheUBCREC program.
to join the European Union than leave it. Colin Wolfe,
M/A'87, is head of Western Balkans Regional Cooperation
at the European Commission in Brussels, Belgium, and
works to make this a reality for countries such as Serbia,
Montenegro and Albania by 2025. The priorities are
better transport and energy links, and modernizing the
economies. With a background in geography at the
University of Dublin and UBC, and previous jobs in EU
regional development and smart growth in Brussels,
he is very interested in the
economic push from business
and science parks growing up
by the UBC Vancouver and
Okanagan campuses (where
, his son Jack now studies), and
thinks a study exchange visit
1 would be great! • Bruce Butler,
I BSc'83, has published his first
I book, Letters to a Driving
I   Nation, which explores the
I conflict between drivers
and cyclists. Having been
a cycling commuter in Metro
Vancouver for more than
20 years, he dispels the misconceptions
many drivers have about cyclists (and driving) by
deconstructing real-life conflicts often found between
these two groups of road users.      After graduation,
Letters to a
Driving Nati
Fiona Taylor, BSc'85, MBA'87, joined Arthur Andersen
This April, George Mapson, BPhysEd'74, MEd'jg, was awarded the Marilyn Pomf ret Alumni
Award, given annually in recognition of the accomplishments of those who have volunteered
in the UBC Intramural Recreation Program.
Upon arriving at UBC as a student, Mapson had his heart set on a sports career with the
Thunderbirds. Of average height and build, however, he found himself excluded from the
basketball and football teams. Instead, his focus shifted to an area of athletics he hadn't
Sreviously considered: UBC intramural leadership.
1 In September 1970, Mapson took on the volunteer role of publicity director for the men's
intramural program. Underthe mentorship of Nestor Korchinsky, long-time director of
Intramural Sports at UBC and Mapson's "lifelong inspirational rock," he rose to the rank of
director of the men's program in two short years. His impact was significant, particularly in
the acquisition of new funding sources for the program. He secured sponsorship from local
breweries and lobbied for increased budgets from the School of Physical Education and the
AMS - a task made easier by the fact he was simultaneously serving as president of the
Ihysical Education Undergraduate Society and AMS Treasurer. The intramural program
ourished beyond expectations.
With so many priorities competing for his attention, however, Mapson's grades did not enjoy
the same level of growth - a trend that continued through his first year of graduate studies.
Fortunately, his prowess for campus leadership was then well-established, and in 1974 he was
recruited by Malaspina College (now Vancouver Island University) to serve as their first athletic
and recreation director. By 1979, he was able to complete his master's degree in education,
commutingto UBC from Nanaimo.
After a brief sojourn as a PhD student, Mapson finally left academia in 1982 to establish his
own business, Trainingworks, which focused on building leadership and talent management in
the private sector. This gave way to a long career in executive leadership, and in 2010 he retired
in Kelowna with his wife, Heather, where he now enjoys hiking, biking, kayaking, and curling.
"I clearly underestimated the impact my involvement in student activities would have
in my career and business life," says Mapson. "Leadership skills and knowledge honed by
students, outside of the classroom adds significant value to UBC life. Employers mining for
future leadership talent need to look no further than what is being grown in the 'extracurricular
classrooms'at UBC."
Would he change anything about his time at Point Grey? "Probably attend more classes...
if there was enough time."
(now Accenture). Eight years later, she launched a career in the utilities industry, joining BC
Gas (now Fortis), where she helped develop a customer strategy and software solutions. From
there, she spent nine years as VP of Professional Services for a software company in Miami.
Many adventures followed, with travel through the US, Canada, Europe, the UK, New Zealand,
Australia, and two remarkable weeks in Tripoli, Libya. She later took a role at BC Hydro, where
she's stayed for over eight years, helping to lead the smart metering implementation and working
to modernize the grid. She married Pascal Leidekker in 1994. Danielle was born in 1996. She is into
horses and competes in show jumping. Liam joined her in 1999. He is a competitive junior squash
player, which keeps him fit, and is seriously into gaming, which does not keep him fit. Contact
Fiona at fiona.taylor@bchydro.com.      What keeps us together? What breaks us apart? UBC grads
Fiona Tinwei Lam, BA'86, MFA'02, and Jane Hamilton Silcott, MFA'oi, are launching an anthology of
creative nonfiction and poetry, LOVE ME TRUE: Writers on the Ins, Outs, Ups & Downs of Marriage,
where 26 creative nonfiction writers and 20 poets explore jealousy, adultery, divorce, polyamory,
physical or mental illness, and loss. Featuring Mandy Len Catron, Kevin Chong and Joanne
Arnott, Susan Musgrave, Lorna Crozier, Yasuko Thanh, Chris Tarry, Michael Crummey, Ayelet
Tsabari, and more!   ■ Vern Giesbrecht, MEd'89, has published about 35 articles in magazines
and newspapers since retiring from Capilano College (now Cap U) in 2003. The UBC libraries
were excellent sources of research for some of these articles. His seventh article for BC History
magazine - "Mark Mosher: Community-minded Communist" - has just been published.
Overlooking the Strait of Georgia with panoramic views of the mountains bordering
Howe Sound, Cecil Green Park House offers a uniquely Vancouver setting for your
wedding or special event.
UBC faculty, staff, and alumni receive a 10% discount on wedding bookings.
 class acts
In September 2017, Arthur V
\Wolak, BA'90, Dip(ArtHist)'94, MA, MBA, PhD, was
elected for a three-year term to the Board of Governors of Gratz College,
a private liberal arts college in suburban Philadelphia. Founded in 1895,
Gratz is the oldest independent pluralistic college for Jewish studies in
North America. Through its undergraduate and graduate programs, Gratz
educates students to become effective educators, administrators and
community leaders. Arthur is a business consultant and author in Vancouver,
where he resides with his wife, family physician Dr. Anna Wolak, and their
three children, Jacob, Joshua, and Julia. • After nearly five years with
Sonos, heading up Transducer Engineering worldwide out of Santa Barbara,
Richard Little, BA'92, recently joined Goertek as VP of Engineering, working
on audio products for customers worldwide. Richard, along with wife Mei
and daughter Sydney, has moved to the San Francisco Bay Area. The family
is pleased to be in a place where there are seasons and occasional rainy
weather, and Chinese food is plentiful. Richard recently spoke at the COMSOL
Conference in Boston, and at the ISEAT Symposium in Shenzhen, and joined
a panel discussion at the ALMA International Winter Symposium in Las
Vegas in early January.     Kevin Chong, BA'97, has published his third novel,
The Plague, with Arsenal Pulp Press. It's a contemporary retelling of Albert
Camus' classic novel about disease, illness, and courage.     Carrie Gillon,
BA (Hons)'98, PhD'06, has released her latest book, Nominal Contact in Michif,
co-authored with Nicole Rosen. The book offers a detailed formal description
of the structure of the Michif language of the Red River Metis, a unique blend
of French and Cree. Gillon is also the co-host of the Vocal Fries (vocalfriespod.
fireside.fm), a podcast about linguistic discrimination. She and Megan
Figueroa tackle a different topic each episode, always highlighting the
importance of not judging others for how (or what) they speak. • Graeme
Auld, BScF'99, has been named to the College of New
Scholars, Artists and Scientists. Founded in 2014, the
college is a handpicked selection of top mid-career
scholars and artists in Canada. College members
have already received recognition in their fields
for excellence and serve as ambassadors of their
I fields. Researchers in the humanities, scientists,
I   artists and social scientists of the college strive to
I   overcome disciplinary and academic boundaries in
I   the common pursuit of knowledge.     Tim Black,
I MA'99, PhD'03, has been named a research
I fellow at the Canadian Institute for Military and
Veteran Health Research (CIMVHR). Fellows are
recognized for their guidance and contributions
towards CIMVHR's mission: to enhance the
lives of Canadian military personnel, veterans
and their families by harnessing the national
I capacity for research. He has worked with
I   this population as a clinician and researcher
I for 20 years, broadening our understanding of
I how to best support veterans and their families
I  as they navigate the transition from military
' to civilian life and recover from the effects of
PTSD. He is an associate professor at UVIC
and lead researcher for the Wounded Warriors
Canada COPE (Couples Overcoming PTSD Every
Day) and Trauma Resilience programs, which
—     Tim
he co-founded.     A strong believer
that laughter is a sign of learning and
a trait to be treasured, Joanne Chan,
BA'99, has found that the combination
of music, captivating pictures, and
reading aloud rarely fails to evoke giggles   I
in babies. With encouragement from
her professional musician husband,
Joanne conceptualized a musical sound
bookthat combines recognizable
classical music tunes, funny rhymes,
onomatopoeia, and images of objects
loved by children. The result of her efforts
is Happy Gabby Plays Classical Music,
a labour of love that captures treasured memories of her own child (after
whom the book is named) as a baby. To learn more about the book or to get
a copy, visit p-a-l.hk/book     After her undergraduate studies, Kristi Kenyon,
BA'99, PhD'13, was itching to seethe world and spent several years working with
development and human rights organizations in South East Asia, the UK, and
Southern Africa, also earning an MA in human rights (Essex). She returned to
UBC for a PhD in political science, and after two postdocs (Dalhousie, Pretoria),
started a tenure track position in human rights at the University of Winnipeg
in 2016. She recently published her first book: Resilience and Contagion: Invoking
Human Rights in African HIV Advocacy with McGill-Queens University Press and
was one of 15 early career scholars to be named a 2017 CIFAR-Azrieli Global
Scholar by the Canadian Institute for Advanced Research. She continues to
be thankful for UBC's Green College, Liu Centre, and WUSC networks.
Venus Bivar, BA'oo, has released her new book, Organic Resistance: The
Struggle over Industrial Farming in Postwar France, with UNC Press. Delvinginto
the intersecting narratives of economic modernization, the birth of organic
farming, the development of a strong agricultural protest movement, and
the rise of environmentalism, Bivar reveals a movement as preoccupied with
maintaining the purity of the French race as it was with maintaining the purity
of French food.     This April, Michelle Kim, BA'02, will release her first novel,
Running Through Sprinklers, with Simon & Schuster USA. The coming-of-age
story, set in 1990s Surrey and Vancouver, tells a tale of the intense friendships
shared between young girls and follows two best friends as they grow apart.
Kim describes the book, with its multicultural cast of characters, as Stand
By Me meets The Wonder Years.     After her recent completion of a PhD
from the Faculty of Nursing at the University of Alberta, Sarah Hewko,
BSc'03, MHA'09, has accepted a position in the Department of Applied Human
Sciences at the University of Prince Edward Island. She will
be making the move with her husband and two kids this
July, 2018.      Kari Shepherdson-Scott, MA'03, has received
tenure from Macalester College in St. Paul, Minnesota.
She specializes in Japanese visual culture from the 19th
and 20th-centuries, focusing on the visual expression
of national identity, empire, war, and memory. While
her research focuses on modern practices in Japan, she
teaches more broadly in visual culture and all periods
of Japanese and Chinese art. She received her PhD
from Duke University and her BFA from Boise State
University.     Jennifer House, MSc'05, has published
'I • -   1"
a new book: The Parents' Guide to Baby-Led Weaning.
This book teaches parents how to skip the mush and
make starting solid foods fun, easy, and healthy for
their baby, using baby-led weaning. She addresses all
the questions hesitant parents may have and provides
125 nutritious recipes.
Rachel Rose, MFA'05, Poet Laureate of Vancouver, recently launched
two books. The first, Sustenance: Writers from BC and Beyond
on the Subject of Food, is an anthology and fundraiser for the BC
Farmers Market Nutrition Coupon Program. Every book sold will
provide a local refugee or low-income family with fresh, locally
grown produce through these vouchers, and at the same time will
support BC farmers. The second book is The Dog Lover Unit: Lessons
in Courage from the World's Kg Cops, a memoir chronicling her
experiences riding along with K9 teams in the USA, Canada, France
and England, and the lessons she learns on the road with some of
the toughest men, women and dogs in policing as they deal with
victims, criminals, terrorism and trauma.
After graduating from UBC, Quang To, B/V05, decided to pursue an old goal
of service in the Canadian Forces. Despite suffering countless setbacks
and demoralization - sometimes so severe that he could not get out of bed
- he always dusted himself off and continued to persist. When recruiting
gave him another opportunity in October 2016, he jumped at the chance.
He graduated from the Canadian Forces Leadership and Recruit School,
3rd Canadian Division Training Center, and finally the Royal Canadian
Armoured Corps School. His journey exemplifies the very motto of his
regiment: Perseverance.     Adriana Boscariol, BA'09, was admitted to the
Law Society of England and Wales on November 3, 2017. She is now an
associate practicing law with the international law firm Mourant Ozannes
in Jersey, Channel Islands. Her parents are UBC alumni Celso Boscariol,
BA'77, LLB'81 and Anita Fuoco, BA'78, LLB'82.
Donna Kane, MFA'14, has released her master's thesis, Summer of the
Horse, with Harbour Publishing. A non-fiction manuscript, Summer
of the Horse explores both the physical landscape of the Muskwa-
Kechika Management Area (M-KMA), located in British Columbia's
Northern Rockies, and the metaphysical landscape of the human mind.
She offers great thanks to faculty members Luanne Armstrong, Merilyn
Simonds, and Wayne Grady for their support of this project.      In his
new book, Views of the Salish Sea: One Hundred and Fifty Years of Change
around the Strait of Georgia, author Howard Macdonald Stewart, PhD'14,
takes a many-faceted approach to examining the Strait of Georgia,
a sea spanning 300 kilometres from Victoria and Vancouver to Campbell
River and Powell River. Stewart considers this region through a variety of
perspectives over the past 150 years - as a highway or barrier, waste dump,
recreational haven and more - in an effort to express this region as an
interrelated whole, one that we must work to protect if we want to preserve
its inherent richness.     Suzanne Kamata, MFA'16, is happy to announce
the publication other novel, The Mermaids of Lake Michigan. The book
has been honored with a Silver IPPY Award, and has been nominated for
a Sakura Medal in Japan. E
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OCTOBER 19-20, 201
Thomas Lachlan Calder, BSc'49
November 29,7927 - September 75, 2077
Tom was from Westminster, and graduated
from Duke of Connaught High School, where
his father, Thomas Hanning Calder, was
principal. He studied at UBC (BSc'49) and McGill
P^^J      I    (MDCM'53), where he met and wed fellow med
^k student Norma ("Tommy") England - the
I jM love of his life for 45 years of marriage. Tom
practiced medicine for 47 years, raised six
children, and maintained a passion for music.
Dr. Tom's busy practice was old-style, full-service medicine, with house calls,
deliveries, surgery, hospital rounds and care of all ages - including a tender
focus on the elderly. He was a Kinsmen back when polio was the battle, and
a mental health advocate for schizophrenia and mental health services.
He co-founded the West Van Adult Band, played his euphonium (and
other instruments on demand) with several groups, and never walked
anywhere without humming or whistling like a one-man marching band.
As he rests in peace, his headstone reads, "With music in your heart".
Inglis Edwards, BSc'49
On November 11, 2017, Inglis, aged 92 years, died
peacefully with his family at his side. He is survived
by Jean, his wife of 66 years; four children (Nancy,
Sheila, Brent, Barbara); and five grandchildren
(Andrew, Ryan, Sydney, Caiden, Kyla).
Atalented mechanical engineer, Inglis
brought his skills to the pulp and paper, materials
handling and chemical industries. He began
his career in Montreal, where he worked for
Dominion Engineering. Inglis then designed conveyor belt systems with
Mclnnis Equipment in Windsor, Ontario, before returning to the West Coast,
where he held senior roles with Gearmatic and Chemetics. He taught at
BCIT and culminated his career as an IRAP representative with the National
Research Council. He was an advocate for quality assurance and intrigued
by anything mechanical.
He loved the outdoors and told many stories of skiing adventures with the
UBC Varsity Outdoor Club, and playing basketball with the Thunderbirds. He
was a kind and generous family man, who taught his children many essential
skills. He is greatly missed but leaves us with many memories of a life well lived.
Raymond G. Lockard, SSc'49
Ray was born on Jan 1,1925, in Patricia, AB, and grew up in Kaslo, BC.
He served in the Canadian Airforce during WW II, then studied horticulture
and plant physiology, receiving a Bachelor of Science degree from UBC,
a Master of Science degree from the University of Idaho, and a PhD from
the University of London in England. He worked overseas for Canada's
International Development Program, the United Nations Development
Program, and USAID doing technical assistance work in agriculture for
20 years in five developing countries: Malaysia,
Ghana, the Philippines, Liberia, and Yemen.
Ray and his wife Joyce travelled in more than
65 countries. They had three children. He was
professor of Horticulture at the University of
Kentucky in Lexington for 14 years before retiring
in 1988 to Penninsylvania and then to Oregon. Ray
was a member for five years and a past president
of the Rotary Club of Pocono Mountains in PA, and
a member of Beaverton Rotary Club for 19 years.
He died peacefully at home in Beaverton, OR, on May 22,2017.
Lois A. Arnesen (nee Whimster), BA'50
Active and independent to the end, Lois died
at home in Nelson, BC, on December 31, 2017.
She is survived by her children Vicki Huva,
Randine Arnesen and John Arnesen, and by
six grandchildren and four great grandchildren.
Born in Nelson in 1928, Lois thrived in public
school and then excelled at UBC. She was
a member of the Delta Sigma Pi Honorary
Sorority for scholarship, leadership and service;
the Mamooks, Phrateres and Glee clubs; the Kappa Alpha Theta Sorority;
and the Pan Hellenic Council. She graduated in 1950 with a BA degree in
preventative medicine and bacteriology.
She pursued learningthroughout life at Notre Dame University in Nelson
(teaching, 1970), and more recently through the Canadian Federation of
University Women, Learning in Retirement, Nelson's literary festivals, and
the MIR Centre for Peace.
Lois was constantly engaged in innumerable organizations, charities, the
United Church, the CFUW, Welcome Wagon and many cultural endeavours.
Her extraordinary contributions were recognized when she was named
Nelson's 2012 Citizen of the Year.
George Bruce McLellan, BSc'50
December g, ig26 - March 77, 2078
Bruce had a long and successful career with Alcan, working in Kitimat,
Montreal, Australia, Guyana, northern Spain, and Newcastle, UK, before
retiring to Alicante, Spain in 1985. He lived an adventurous life, exploring
and travelling wherever he lived. If a sign said "Do Not Enter," Bruce
considered it an invitation. He loved working in his Mediterranean terrace
garden, building and repairing pottery in his workshop, doing needlework,
and giving away numerous hand-knit baby shawls and layettes. He was
a great organizer of events and celebrations, keeping his friends and family
connected. To his many visitors from home, Bruce introduced the wonders
and flavours of Spain, its countryside, and its towns and villages. He leaves
to mourn his wife of 50 years, Judy; their children Hedy and George; his
first wife Marian and their children Dale, Kim, and Don; 11 grandchildren;
and four great-grandchildren.
 in memonam
Thomas Gordon Lewis Northcote,
BA(Hons)'50, MA'52, PhD'6o
Tom earned all his degrees from UBC and
spent most of his career there. He gained
much respect in his field of study, limnology,
and received many awards including the
American Fisheries Society Award of
Excellence (1986), the Societas Internationalis
Limnologiae Naumann-Thienemann Medal
(2001), and a Lifetime Achievement Award
(2004) presented by the Lt. Governor of BC.
In 1952, he joined the research section of the BC Fish and Wildlife Branch
at the UBC campus and in 1955 started his PhD by taking a year's leave to
Cambridge University on an NRC scholarship to study fish behavior with
Sir James Gray. In 1958, he instigated a 4th year course on limnology in the UBC
Zoology Department, which he continued to teach until his retirement in 1992.
In 1972, he left the directorship of the Fish and Wildlife research section
to become a full-time faculty member at UBC, shared between Zoology,
the Westwater Research Institute and Forestry. For the latter, he created and
taught a Fisheries/Forestry Interaction course for 20 years.
Tom served for many years with the provincial Habitat Conservation Board
and as a governor of the Vancouver Aquarium, and was an active "Scientists
in School" member. In 1972, with the Ecological Reserves Committee, Tom
and Dr. Ken Hall succeeded in designating Mahoney Lake as a reserve due
to a highly unusual ecological system dominated by purple sulphur bacteria.
Further afield, Tom's work involved projects in Britain, New Zealand,
Sweden, Brazil, and Peru, where he organized and ran a CI DA/UBC funded
program on the effects of pollution in Lake Titicaca that was designed to
train local scientists in the management of their own resources. Tributes
from many past students tell of his dedication to teaching and his guidance
in helping them achieve their goals.
On retirement in 1992, he moved to Summerland, BC, where he
continued to research and publish articles and was editor and part author
of the book Fisheries and Forestry: Worldwide Watershed Interaction and
Management (2004).
He passed away peacefully on April 24, 2017, survived by his wife Heather,
and his three sons Gordon, Peter and Rob, all of whom have UBC degrees.
Robert John Durward Gardner, BASc'52
July 12,10,27 - January 12, 2018
Robert John Durward (Bob) Gardner passed away peacefully on January 12,
2018, at the age of 90. He was predeceased by his loving wife of 64 years,
Erika Vaughan (White) Gardner. He is survived by his children Robert (Corlaine
Davidson), Dawn, Kenneth (Yvonne Pedroso) and Marianne (Michael McKee),
and by his six grandchildren,Christopher Williams, Heather Williams, Evan
Gardner, Laurel Gardner, Kenneth Gardner Jr. and Tamara Gardner.
Bob was born in Edmonton and was raised in Lethbridge, Alberta. He
attended UBC, graduating as a mechanical engineer in 1952. Bob and
Vaughan were married in 1951 and settled in Lethbridge, where they raised
four children. During his 35-year career at the Lethbridge Iron Works, he
also volunteered with the Civil Defence until the late 1960s. In 1989, Bob
and Vaughan retired to Salmon Arm, where Bob belonged to the Shuswap
Beekeepers' Association and was an active member of the Salmon Arm Bay
Nature Enhancement Society. Bob was a founding member of the Salmon
Arm Citizens' Patrol and was an active member for over 20 years.
Bob is best known as an avid model railroader, filling his basement with
a sizeable railroad layout. He was key in promoting the hobby and its skills,
and in starting and recruiting new members for the Lethbridge Model
Railroad Club, and later for the Salmon Arm Model Railroad Club. He enjoyed
travelling with Vaughan to Australia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Mexico, and
more recently to the Bahamas and Scotland. Bob lived his last three years
at Lakeside Manor, where he enjoyed taking part in Happy Hour, drumming
circles and watching a pair of eagles from his living room window, while
listening to the hum of trains as they passed.
In lieu of flowers, please make donations to the Salmon Arm SPCA. Bob
and his great sense of humour will be sadly missed by all who knew him.
Please raise a "dram of Scotch" in his honour.
Frank Willis, SSc'52
Frank Willis grew up in Trail, BC, where skiing
came naturally. He attended UBC, where he was
a star of the legendary Thunderbird Ski Team from
1948 to 1952. He is deeply missed by his wife of
59 years, Mary Anna, and his three daughters,
Julie, Beth (BHE'83) and Sally (BPhysEd'87, PhD'97).
After graduating as a mining engineer, Frank
first worked on projects for Cominco in BC, then
for 32 years with Wright Engineers as project
manager responsible for projects in Canada, the US, Argentina and Spain.
Frank then continued sharing his wisdom and strong business ethics with
the Association of Professional Engineers and Geoscientists of BC, where he
helped to develop guidelines for Professional Excellence, streamline discipline
procedures, and facilitate implementation of the Practice Review program.
Throughout his life, Frank was active in his church and with youth groups,
including the Boy Scouts and the Tyee Ski Program, where he introduced
thousands of kids to skiing. In recognition of "his achievements, his
community spirit, service and devotion," Frank received North Vancouver's
Centennial Distinguished Citizen Award.
Frank's favourite places were Christina Lake, ski slopes, and his
workshop. He was a loving husband, dad, father-in-law, granddad, uncle,
neighbour, and friend.
Richard James Pomeroy, BASc'56, MASc'63
October 23,10,37 - August 23,2017
Dr. Richard Pomeroy, of West Vancouver, BC,
completed his PhD in engineering mechanics
at Cambridge University and conducted
post-doctoral research at Swansea University.
A dedicated professional engineer, Dr. Pomeroy
began his career in Bermuda in the 1960s, sonar
tracking submarines in the Atlantic Ocean, and
completed his last project for Singapore rapid
transit in October 2016. As vice president of Dynamic Sciences Limited
(DSL), he led the team responsible for innovative end-of-train telemetry.
With his own company, Seamount Technologies, he contributed to
international rapid transit projects, including the Vancouver SkyTrain
expansion and the Las Vegas Monorail. Beyond engineering, Dr. Pomeroy
was active in Vancouver community affairs and dedicated to developing
his family's 1930s Pemberton homestead as an organic farm. Richard is
survived by his beloved children Michael and Leslie; granddaughter Iris;
his cherished friend Beth Haverkamp; and his sister Anne Pomeroy Autor.
Kevin O'Connell, SSc'57
Kevin Dominick O'Connell died on December 16,2017. He was born in
Penticton on June 8,1934. He is predeceased by his beloved wife Daveen
(Dinny), parents Daniel and Edna, and sister Claire Lowe. He is survived by
his children Daniel (Roxanna), Catherine (Brad) MacKinnon, Aileen (Robert
Dmitroca), Thomas (Mary), and Colleen; and by sister Maureen and
brother Larry. He was grandfather of nine, and great-grandfather of five.
Kevin was an avid athlete, excelling in baseball, basketball, football
and hockey. He attended UBC on a basketball scholarship, but ended
up an All-Star with the Thunderbird football team (Big Block 1955).
He graduated from UBC Civil Engineering (1957), and worked for 40 years
as a civil and structural engineer on bridges, conveyor systems, container
cranes and heavy industrial structures.
Kevin's deep abiding faith in Jesus Christ brought him joy. He was
a devoted leader of the North Shore prayer group and in his parish
community. With his characteristic humility and humour he made friends
with all he encountered.
Ronald G. Cavell FCIC, MSc'6o, PhD'62
Dr. Ronald George Cavell was born on
October 15,1938, and passed away on
November 25, 2017.
Ron graduated from McGill University
with a BSc (Honours) degree in Chemistry
in 1958, then completed master's (i960) and
PhD (1962) degrees at UBC and studied as
a NATO Postdoctoral Fellow at Cambridge
University, receiving a PhD in 1964. He joined
the Department of Chemistry at the University of Alberta in 1964, became
full professor in 1974, and was made Emeritus Professor in 2004. Awarded
fellowship in the Chemical Institute of Canada in 1975, in 1979 he received
the CIC's inaugural Alcan Lecture Award for distinguished contributions
in inorganic or electrochemistry in Canada. The University of
Alberta awarded him the 1993/94 McCalla Research Professorship.
In 1985, Ron began working with synchrotron-generated radiation that
allows scientists to see matter at a microscopic level. A founding member
of the Canadian Institute for Synchrotron Radiation, formed to establish
the Canadian Light Source (CLS) at the University of Saskatchewan,
Ron was a founding member of the CLS Board of Directors and helped
guide the facility from concept and design through to construction. In
recognition of those efforts, he received the Saskatchewan government's
prestigious Saskatchewan Distinguished Service Award in March 2009.
Passionate about his work, when he passed away, Ron was in the midst
of setting up a scholarship to foster research excellence in chemistry.
If desired, donations can be made in his honour to the Ronald George
Cavell Graduate Scholarship in Physical or Inorganic Chemistry, through
 in memonam
-^      •   *■ j , 1
Edward "Ted" Bruce Conover, BCom'64
On the last day of his 78th year, Ted completed
his final journey. He passed in peace and with
a calm mind, in the presence of his children.
Ted discovered hiking later in life, first in the
beauty of Quadra Island where he lived and
raised a family, later on the Hawai'ian island
of Kauai, and ultimately found a spiritual
connection in his trips to walk the Caminos in
Spain. Through his treks, he found new vigour
and meaning. It was what he came to look forward to each year. Although
his illness was not related to his trek, we are happy that he left this life doing
what he loved to do. He is survived by his children Seain (Rhaya), Chris
(Dawn), and Keltie (Ben); his sixgrandchildren Marshall & Claire, Damien
& Amelia, and Keira & Rory; and his former wife Wendy. Godspeed, Dad.
Frederick Rankine, BEd'65, MA'66, EdD'68
Dr. Frederick Charles Rankine of Vancouver, BC, born March 25,1932,
in Edmonton, Alberta, passed away in his sleep at age 86, on April 12,
2018. He is survived by his wife of 60 years, Daryl Caroline Rankine, sons
David (Katherine) and Graham (Linda), and grandchildren Ian and Coli.
His initial career of 11 and a half years was with the RCMP, working in
various detachments throughout BC. He returned to university, where he
obtained his Bachelor, Master, and Doctor of Education degrees. This led
to a move to Fredericton, NB, where he taught and was a professor at the
University of New Brunswick for 26 years. He returned to the West Coast
upon retirement in 1994, initially living in Tsawwassen, then at Tapestry on
the UBC Endowment Lands. Fred was a problem solver. He liked to repair
cars and furniture, and would try to fix anything broken he found find. He
enjoyed touring by car or camper and did multiple trips throughout North
America and the British Isles. Donations in memoriam can be made to the
Heart and Stroke Foundation of BC & Yukon.
1^^^^ I    Judy Sok Beng Louie, BSc'66, MSc'68
It is with great sadness that the family of Judy
share the loss of our mom and grandmother.
Judy passed away peacefully in her sleep on
January 7, 2018, in Toronto. She is survived
by her three daughters Tina (BCom'94),
Brenda (BCom'95), and Amelia (BSc'97); her
grandchildren Charlotte, and James; and
son-in-law Kwong.
We fondly remember Judy as an outgoing
person, and a devoted and caring friend, who kept in touch with people
around the world. For her children and grandchildren, she was the original
"tiger mom" and doting grandmother who never, ever, forgot a birthday
or anniversary. She instilled in her children the same strong work ethic
she demonstrated in her own life. Emigrating to Canada on her own, Judy
completed her bachelor's degree and a double master's degree in chemistry
at UBC, one of only two women to complete the Master's in Chemistry
program for her year.
In lieu of flowers, the family suggests donations to the Canadian Cancer
Society's Wheels of Hope program and Kensington Hospice (Toronto).
Michael Purves-Smith, BA'67, MA'71
It is with the sorrow of loss - and joy for the
memory of a life lived to the fullest - that we
announce the death of Michael J. Purves-Smith,
of Elmira, ON, at the age of 72. He is survived by
his wife, Shannon, and sons Mike and Robin.
After earning a Master of Music degree from
UBC, Michael served as a professor at Brock and,
later, Wilfrid Laurier universities. His passion for
music was lifelong: as a performer on keyboard,
oboe, and early wind instruments; as a prolific composer (associate at the
Canadian Music Centre) and orchestrator; and as a director of both the WLU
Baroque and Early Music program and the school's Wind Ensemble. He was
director of the Wellington Winds for three decades, and continued as its
principal oboist in his retirement.
Having closely studied the onset of climate change, he spent his later
years as an environmental and political activist. His desire to convey the
urgent need for action on these matters led him to write an environmental
novel, Rocky Mountain Locust.
He loved travel, reading, gardening, cross-country skiing, and food.
Above all he cherished nature, and sought to protect "our only home,
the biosphere."
Elizabeth Wolak,
Teachers Certificate Coursework, 1970s
Elizabeth Wolak, MA, passed away on April 15,
2017, in Vancouver. Born in Krakow, Poland, in
LI   1923, Elizabeth, a Holocaust survivor, escaped
to Soviet territory and was deported to a forced
^taA    labour camp. Afterwards, Elizabeth earned an
MA in English from the Jagiellonian University,
^^M      and graduated from the Krakow Academy of
Music in 1951. Emigrating in i960, she focused
on Jewish choral music, working in Australia as a choir director and
teaching music at a Sydney high school. In 1963, she and her husband
settled in Vancouver, where she earned her BC Teachers' Certificate.
She founded award-winning choral ensembles in Vancouver, produced
Governance & Nominating Committee
Seeks Recommendations
The alumni UBC Governance/Nominating Committee is
seeking recommendations for alumni nominees to serve on the
organization's Board of Directors. In particular, the committee
seeks candidates who have the skill sets and experience necessary
to effectively set strategic direction, develop appropriate policies,
and ensure alumni UBC has the resources necessary to effectively
fulfill its mission and vision. Please send suggestions to
Ross Langford - Governance & Nominating Committee,
c/o Sandra Girard, Manager, Board Relations,
3rd floor - 6163 University Boulevard, Vancouver BC V6T1Z1
email: sandra.girard@>ubc.ca no later than June is, 2018
three records, and taught piano and voice for
nearly 50 years. For her choral work, Elizabeth,
member of the BC Choral Federation's Hall of
Fame, was given the Amy Ferguson and Herbert
Drost awards. She received the BC Community
Achievement Award from the BC government and
the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal.
She was awarded Poland's Siberian Cross. She is
deeply missed by sons Richard and Arthur (Anna),
and her three grandchildren.
Daniel Eriksson, BHK'00
It is with great sadness we announce the
sudden passing of Daniel Eriksson on May 2,
2017. He leaves behind his loving wife Theresa,
daughter Kalista, sons Slade and Leland, his
parents Anders and Ingrid of Quesnel, BC, his
brother Eric (Chelsey) of Quesnel, mother-in-law
Ann Danielson of Surrey, and many brothers and
sisters-in-law and nieces and nephews.
Dan was born in Quesnel and graduated from
Quesnel Secondary in 1993. He achieved his
BA in Kinesiology at UBC and played for the varsity
volleyball team. Dan moved to Vernon in 2000,
where he raised his family and built his successful
business in the fitness industry. He enjoyed many
outdoor activities and sports, and was a very
dedicated and loyal son, husband, father and friend.
Dan touched the hearts of many people and will be
truly missed by all.
Those wishing to make a memorial donation may
do so to the Canadian Diabetes Association or to
Obituaries are included in our biannual
print issues, usually published in May and
November, and should be 1100 characters
(about 300 words) or less. Please send
original photos by post or attach high
resolution images to your online submission.
Tributes may be edited for length and clarity
where necessary. Note that print issues of the
magazine are also published online.
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Due to the high number of submissions,
we are unable to guarantee publication in
the next print issue. If you would prefer your
submission be included in the next applicable
online issue in lieu of print, please select that
option in the form.
support UBC
Explore your giving options with our professional gift planning team.
www.giftandestateplanning.ubc.ca or 604.822.5373
 Photo: David
There is really no need to caption his photo or provide a bio. The much-decorated
David Suzuki has been part of the fabric of Canada for decades-a presence on
bookshelves, a familiar face on TV screens, a popular educator, and a passionate,
in-your-face environmental activist who regularly reminds us that we are all
accountable for the current and future state of our planet.
But you already know all this. What you might not know about David Suzuki
is that he is partly responsible for the establishment of UBC's first pub (in itself
deserving of an award). Back in October 1968, UBC Reports carried an article by
Suzuki entitled "What this Campus Needs is a Pub." The young professor had
already been conducting some of his seminars in the Fraser Arms, so a pub on
campus was the logical next step.
He argued that such an establishment would break down barriers between
various UBC populations and prevent the campus becoming a ghost town once
classes were finished for the day. "In a campus pub," he opined, "the presence of
friends at different tables and the warmth of camaraderie engendered by beer
would soon result in new friendships and active discussion."
Because the article was published in the same month that UBC students -
emboldened by US counterculturalist Jerry Rubin - invaded the faculty club for
an overnight sit-in, Suzuki felt it shrewd to point out another advantage of beer:
"The passions of reactionary or radical ideals would be tempered by the effects of
alcohol," he wrote, somewhat unconvincingly. The AMS, at least, were impressed,
and invited Suzuki to join their pub committee. "The Pit" opened that November,
and it was Suzuki who came up with the name.
All this happened before he became a household name by venturing into
broadcasting (he has hosted CBC's The Nature of Things since 1979), and through the
environmental protection work of his eponymous foundation. During the 40 years
he has been in the public eye, Suzuki has attracted both disciples and detractors
(the controversy over his honorary degree from the University of Alberta being
a recent example- he is not a fan of the oil industry), but, judging from a series of
polls, the latter group are outnumbered. In 2004, CBC viewers voted him the fifth
greatest Canadian ever. In 2009,2010, and 2011, he topped a Reader's Digest poll to
determine the most trusted Canadian. Two years later, an Angus Reid poll crowned
him Canada's most admired figure (although it'sinterestingto note that, broken
down by regional vote, Alberta wasn't as admiring as other areas of the country).
And, although he retired from UBC in 2001, there are still a couple of reviews for
him on the notorious Rate My Professors website - where students openly assess
professorial performance, often without mercy. Both reviewers scored Dr. Suzuki
five out of five (with a chili-pepper icon thrown in to denote hotness). D
What is your most prized possession?
Who was your childhood hero?
My father. He still is.
Describe the place you most like to spend time.
Vancouver, where I've lived in the same house for over 43 years.
What was the last thing you read?
Doughnut Economics by Kate Raworth
What or who makes you laugh out loud?
My grandchildren.
What's the most important lesson you ever learned?
I'm only one person, and the way to bring about change is to
create a movement.
What's your idea of the perfect day?
Waking beside my wife at our cottage, and going down to the ocean
with a grandson to catch breakfast, which we clean and cook while
others get up. That's the start of the perfect day.
What was your nickname at school?
I've always been called "Dave," until I came to UBC in the ig6os.
What would be the title of your biography?
He Did His Best
If a genie granted you one wish, what would it be?
To live long enough to see my last grandchild graduate from high school.
What item have you owned for the longest time?
I guess photographs from my parents.
Whom do you most admire (living or dead) and why?
Nelson Mandela, who never lost sight of his goal, even after bearing terrible
atrocities and imprisonment for the prime of his life, and then achieving not
only the end of apartheid but becoming president of South Africa, without
wreaking havoc against his tormentors. He set a very high bar.
What would you like your epitaph to say?
"He was just a man, but he tried his best."
If you could invent something, what would it be?
Nature already did it: photosynthesis.
In which era would you most like to have lived, and why?
/ lived through it - a time of incredible opulence when we confront the
reality that, if we don't change radically, our species might not make it to
the end of the century.
What are you afraid of?
Foresight was our species' great advantage, yet today, with all the
amplified foresight of scientists and supercomputers, we ignore them for
political and economic reasons.
What is your latest purchase?
If you mean big-ticket item, an electric car.
Name the skill or talent you would most like to have.
Playing a musical instrument.
What is your pet peeve?
What is the secret to a good life?
It's no secret. A good life is family and friends and the things
we do together.
Do you have a personal motto?
You are what you do, not what you say.
What are your UBC highlights?
Having a lab of keen students and associates doing research on fruit flies.
'The littlest thing tripped me up
in more ways than one."
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