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UBC Publications

Trek [2019-03]

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 Climate Change:
12 years to avoid catastrophe
The mighty microbiome
>ata and surveillance capitalism
Art and the anti-heroine
Protecting ancestral lands
Kim Cattrall has the last word
 co nta?
10    Twelve Years to Avoid Catastrophe
How can we incentivize people to adopt
the policies and behaviours urgently
required to tackle climate change?
14    Colonized: The Human Microbiome
How the trillions of bacteria in your
body can keep you healthy into old age.
78    Precious Resources
A new program for Tahltan First Nation
youth seeks to involve them in the sustainable
development of their ancestral land.
22   Portrait of the Artist
as an Old Woman
Hinda Avery, PhD'93, makes a case
for elderhood, activism, and comics.
28   Whose Data is it, Anyway?
Data artist Jer Thorp speaks out against
the monopoly and misuse of our data.
Cover Image
A lone cow stands
in the middle of
a flooded field in
New South Wales,
Credit: Brooke Whatnall
 Editor's Column
Take Note
Quote, Unquote
32   The Big Picture
36    Prez Life
38   Class Acts
46   In Memoriam
52   The Last Word with
Kim Cattrall, LLD'18
Q: What's the most important
lesson you ever learned?
A: Follow your gut
6 High Society Wants its
Fine Foods to Also be Ethical
7 The Hormones That Make Us
Choose Love Over Sex
 A Climai'd
0-r r,
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From flat-Earthers to anti-vaxxers,
there is no shortage of people who
question the validity of scientific
evidence - and the issue of climate
change has certainly attracted its
fair share of doubters. While there is
broad consensus within the scientific
community that human activity is
contributing directly to catastrophic
shifts in weather patterns, there are
plenty of people - the president of
the United States included - who
confidently treat that science-based
conclusion as merely an opinion,
and not one to be believed.
For those who have faith in science, this
reaction is the equivalent of nonchalantly
lying down on a railway track. What is
behind it? More importantly, what can be
done to persuade enough people that, with
a concerted and cooperative effort, global
warming is something we could contain and
even reverse? And it's not only climate-change
skeptics who react in ways that seem oddly
counterintuitive. Even among those who do
not contest the science there is an inexplicable
sense of business as usual, with attention on
other priorities. Too many of us, if not actual
deniers, are still - effectively - in denial.
Last fall's watershed UN report warns us we have a short window to avert
irreversible climate change. We have reached an environmental tipping point that
requires a counteractive social tipping point. Although recycling is becoming the norm,
and plastic bags and disposable coffee cups are the focus of mounting social disapproval,
such changes are just the tip of a melting iceberg in terms of what is required on a larger
and more radical scale.
The physical sciences have identified an existential threat and provided us with
a roadmap for avoiding it. Overcoming the challenges involved in implementing solutions,
however, is the territory of social scientists. It is our psychologists, economists and political
scientists who are best placed to understand human motivation and incentivize society
to adopt essential new policies and behaviours. To read about what is happening on this
front at UBC, see page 10. The four social scientists highlighted are part of a comprehensive
interdisciplinary approach to climate change that recently earned UBC the ranking of
#1 university in the world for taking action to combat it (Times Higher Education University
Impact Rankings).
As climate warnings mount and more people are directly affected by extreme weather
events, there has been a perceptible shift in opinion and a surge of activism that is driving
home to mainstream politicians the fact that the green agenda is no longer the vote-risky
terrain of fringe players. It's beyond rational doubt that the human species cannot afford
to keep on doing what it's doing. Charles Darwin, himself a much refuted scientist in
his day, developed a theory that suggested the key to species survival is the ability to
adapt to a changing environment. Today, it would seem that the key to survival is to
stop causing the change.
Vanessa Clarke
Vanessa Clarke,BA
Duncan Schouten, BMus, MMus
Pamela Yan, BDes
CHAIR   Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng, ICD.D
VICECHAIR   Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
TREASURER   Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
PAST CHAIR    Faye Wightman, BSc'81 (Nursing)
Amir Adnani, BSc'oi
Aleem Bandali, BA'99
Valerie Casselton, BA'77
Patricia Mohr,BA'68, MA'70
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Shelina Esmail,BA'93
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Stephen Brooks, BA'92
Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng, ICD.D
Debra Hewson, B/\'8i
Leslie Lee, BCom'84
Rahim Moloo,UB'05
Shorn Sen, BCom'84
Professor Santa J. Ono
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Heather McCaw, BCom'86
Jeff Todd, BA
Trek magazine is published two times a year
in print by the UBC Alumni Association and
distributed free of charge to UBC alumni and
friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine
do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Alumni Association or the university.
Address correspondence to:
The Editor, alumni UBC
6163 University Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T1Z1
email: trek.magazine@ubc.ca
Letters are published at the editor's
discretion and may be edited for space.
Jenna McCann
604822 8917
Address Changes 6048228921
via email alumni.ubc@ubc.ca
alumni UBC/ UBC Welcome Centre
toll free 8008833088
Volume 75, Number 1 | Printed in Canada
by Mitchell Press
Canadian Publications
Mail Agreement #40063528
Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to:
Records Department
UBC Development Office
Suite 500 - 5950 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T1Z3
^c^     FSC*C011267
f   ▼
Honey from urban bees can tell us how clean a city is and help pinpoint the sources of
environmental pollutants such as lead, UBC research has found. Scientists from UBC's
Pacific Centre for Isotopic and Geochemical Research (PCIGR) analyzed honey from urban
beehives in six Metro Vancouver neighbourhoods. They tested for minuscule levels of lead,
zinc, copper and other elements and carried out lead isotope analyses - akin to fingerprinting
- to identify where the lead came from.
"The good news is that the chemical composition of honey in Vancouver reflects its
environment and is extremely clean," says Kate E. Smith, lead author of the study and PhD
candidate at PCIGR. "We also found that the concentration of elements increased the closer
you got to downtown Vancouver, and by fingerprinting the lead we can tell it largely comes
from manmade sources."
Metro Vancouver honey is well below the worldwide average for heavy metals like lead,
and an adult would have to consume more than 600 grams, or two cups, of honey every
day to exceed tolerable levels.
The researchers found the concentration of elements increased closer to areas with
heavy traffic, higher urban density and industrial activity such as shipping ports. Places like
the city of Delta showed elevated levels of manganese, which could be a result of agricultural
activity and pesticide use in the area.
In the first study of its kind in North America, the researchers also compared the lead
fingerprints of the honey to those from other local environmental samples, such as lichen
from around British Columbia, rock from the Garibaldi volcanic belt, sediment from the
Fraser River and trees in Stanley Park.
They discovered that the lead fingerprints of the honey did not match any local,
naturally-occurring lead. However, the trees in Stanley Park and the honeys from downtown
displayed some striking similarities that pointed to potential manmade sources of lead.
"We found they both had fingerprints similar to aerosols, ores and coals from large Asian
cities," says Dominique Weis, senior author and director of the institute. "Given that more
than 70 per cent of cargo ships entering the Port of Vancouver originate from Asian ports,
it's possible they are one source contributing to elevated lead levels in downtown Vancouver."
Honey is able to provide such localized "snapshots" of the environment because honey bees
typically forage for pollen and nectar within a two- to three-kilometre radius of their hives.
"We now have four years of consistent data from Metro Vancouver, which provides
a present-day baseline that will allow us to monitor even tiny changes in our environment
very efficiently," says Weis.
The research was carried out in partnership with Hives for Humanity, a local non-profit
that creates opportunities for people in Vancouver's Downtown Eastside to engage in
urban beekeeping.
"One of the exciting parts of this study is that it bridges science with community interests,"
says Smith. "Honey sampling can easily be performed by citizen scientists in other urban
centres, even if they lack other environmental monitoring capabilities."
The team will continue to study how honey analysis might complement traditional
air and soil monitoring techniques and test the efficiency of honey as an environmental
monitor in other cities.
Melanoma, the deadliest form of skin
cancer, is diagnosed in more than 130,000
people globally every year. Now, work is being
done on a tool to help in its early detection:
a simple, compact laser probe that can distinguish between
harmless moles and cancerous ones in a matter of seconds.
"With skin cancer, there's a saying that if you can spot
it, you can stop it - and that's exactly what this probe
is designed to do," says researcher Daniel Louie, a PhD
student who constructed the device as part of his studies
in biomedical engineering. "We set out to develop this
technology using inexpensive materials, so the final
device would be easy to manufacture and widely used
as a preliminary screening tool for skin cancer."
The probe works on the principle that light waves change
as they pass through objects. The researchers aimed a laser
into skin tissue from volunteer patients and studied the
changes that occurred to this light beam.
"Because cancer cells are denser, larger and more
irregularly shaped than normal cells, they cause distinctive
scattering in the light waves as they pass through," says
Louie. "We were able to invent a novel way to interpret
these patterns instantaneously."
Imaging devices to assist cancer detection are not new, but
this optical probe can extract measurements without needing
expensive lenses or cameras, and it can provide a more easily
interpreted numerical result, like those of a thermometer.
Although the probe's components cost only a few hundred
dollars, it is not envisioned to be a consumer product.
"A cancer screening tool should be administered by
a trained health care professional who would know where the
patient needs to go afterwards," says Tim Lee, an associate
professor of skin science and dermatology at UBC and
a senior scientist with project partners BC Cancer and the
Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute, who supervised
the work. He thinks the device would be a good future addition
to standard cancer screening methods, but not a replacement.
Noting that about 7,200 new cases of melanoma are
reported every year in Canada, Lee believes the probe can
promote early detection.
"We have so few
dermatologists relative to
the growing number of skin
cancers that are occurring,"
says Lee. "If we can develop
a device that can be integrated
easily into other parts of the
health care system, we can
simplify the screening process
and potentially save hundreds
if not thousands of lives."
 Whether you're a sports fan, love to travel, enjoy live theatre, need a car, or
simply enjoy getting a great deal, you're sure to find an offer you love on our
list of exclusive alumni UBC partners.
visit: alumni.ubc.ca/savings
adidas Canada
Contiki Holidays
Sparkling Hill Resort
Avis Budget Group
Toronto Argonauts
BC Lions
Broadway Across Canada
Vancouver Whitecaps
Choice Hotels
HearingLife Advantage
Vancouver Canucks
Classified Motorsports
Vine & Hops
Interested in becoming an alumni UBC corporate partner?
Contact jenna.mccann@ubc.ca
The often embraced "cheat day" is a common theme in many diets, and
the popular ketogenic diet is no exception. But new research from UBC's
Okanagan campus says that just one 75-gram dose of glucose - the
equivalent of a large bottle of soda or a plate of fries - while on a high fat,
low carbohydrate diet can lead to damaged blood vessels.
"The ketogenic - or keto - diet has become very common for weight loss
or to manage diseases like Type 2 diabetes," says Jonathan Little, associate
professor in the School of Health and Exercise Sciences at UBCO and the
study's senior author. "It consists of eating foods rich in fats, moderate in
protein, but very low in carbohydrates, and it causes the body to go into
a state called ketosis."
Little says the diet can be very effective, because once the body is in
ketosis and starved for its preferred fuel, glucose, the body's chemistry
changes and it begins to aggressively burn its fat stores. This leads to
weight loss and can reverse the symptoms of diseases like Type 2 diabetes.
"We were interested in finding out what happens to the body's physiology
once a dose of glucose is reintroduced," says Cody Durrer, doctoral student
and the study's first author. "Since impaired glucose tolerance and spikes
in blood sugar levels are known to be associated with an increased risk in
cardiovascular disease, it made sense to look at what was happening in
the blood vessels after a sugar hit."
For their test, the researchers recruited nine healthy young males and
had them consume a 75-gram glucose drink before and after a seven-day
high fat, low carbohydrate diet. The diet consisted of 70 per cent fat, 10 per
cent carbohydrates and 20 per cent protein, similar to that of a modern
ketogenic diet.
"We were originally looking for things like an inflammatory response or
reduced tolerance to blood glucose," says Durrer. "What we found instead
were biomarkers in the blood suggesting that vessel walls were being
damaged by the sudden spike in glucose."
Little says the most likely culprit for the damage is the body's own
metabolic response to excess blood sugar, which causes blood vessel cells
to shed and possibly die.
"Even though these were otherwise healthy young males, when we looked
at their blood vessel health after consuming the glucose drink, the results
looked like they might have come from someone with poor cardiovascular
health," adds Little. "It was somewhat alarming."
The researchers point out that with only nine individuals included in
the study, more work is needed to verify their findings, but that the results
should give those on a keto diet pause when considering a cheat day.
"My concern is that many of the people going on a keto diet - whether
it's to lose weight, to treat Type 2 diabetes, or some other health reason -
may be undoing some of the positive impacts on their blood vessels if they
suddenly blast them with glucose," he says, "especially if these people are
at a higher risk for cardiovascular disease in the first place."
"Our data suggests a ketogenic diet is not something you do for six days
a week and take Saturday off."
- K
Researchers at UBC, BC Children's
Hospital, BCIT, and BC Women's
Hospital & Health Centre have designed
a therapeutic robot that simulates human
skin-to-skin contact, helping reduce pain
for babies in the neonatal intensive care
unit at BC Women's.
Premature babies admitted to the neonatal intensive
care unit (NICU) often undergo medically necessary procedures, some
of which can be uncomfortable. To help babies cope, health care providers
recommend techniques like skin-to-skin holding or hand hugging.
Calmer, the therapeutic robot, was created with this in mind, helping
mimic the parent's heartbeat sounds, breathing motion and the
feel of human skin.
The researchers found that Calmer worked no differently for reducing
pain-related indicators during blood collection in premature infants than
hand hugging - a technique where a caregiver gently places their hands
to contain the infant's head, arms and legs in a curled position.
"While there is no replacement for a parent holding their infant, our
findings are exciting in that they open up the possibility of an additional
tool for managing pain in preterm infants," says the study's lead
author Liisa Holsti, the Canada Research Chair in Neonatal Health and
Development, an associate professor in the Department of Occupational
Science and Occupational Therapy at UBC, and an investigator at BC
Children's Hospital and Women's Health Research Institute (WHRI).
The researchers collaborated with MAKE+ engineers at BCIT's Centre
for Applied Research and Innovation to design and build Calmer, which
is designed as a platform that fits inside a NICU incubator, replacing the
standard mattress. Calmer's "heart" and "breathing" rate can be adjusted
to mimic a parent's heart rate. The robot is also covered with a skin-like
surface that moves up and down to simulate breathing.
The researchers conducted a randomized clinical trial with 49 premature
infants admitted to the NICU at BC Women's. After obtaining informed
consent from parents, the researchers randomly allocated infants to either
the Calmer or human touch group while they had their blood drawn. Infants
in both groups also received a soother.
A variety of measures were used to assess pain, such as the babies'
heart rates, and their facial and hand movements. Both groups of infants
experienced a reduction of two points on the pain scale, which is considered
"clinically significant," says Holsti.
The findings are especially important, because previous research has
found that early exposure to pain has a negative effect on premature babies'
brain development. The researchers are now looking at the effects of Calmer
for stress reduction in the NICU over longer periods.
Holsti says she hopes all incubators will be designed with this technology
embedded in them in the future.
The study was co-authored by Karon MacLean at UBC's Department of
Computer Science; Dr. Tim Oberlander and Dr. Anne Synnes, both
at BC Children's, WHRI and UBC's Department of pediatrics;
and Rollin Brant at BC Children's and UBC's Department
of Statistics.
 take note
UBC is ranked the number one university in the world for
taking urgent action to combat climate change and its impacts,
and number one in Canada for making cities inclusive, safe,
resilient and sustainable, accordingto Times Higher Education
(THE) University Impact Rankings. The THE University Impact
Rankings, in which UBC ranks top three overall amongst
500 participating institutions across 75 countries and six
continents, aims to measure universities' social and economic
contributions through their success in delivering on the United
Nations' Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).
TOP 50
in 41 of 48
One of the world's most popular sources of comparative
data about university performance, QS World University
Rankings, has rated UBC in the top 50 for 41 of 48 subjects
tracked, including best in the world for library and information
management, fifth in the world for geography, ninth for mineral
and mining engineering, 12th for earth and marine sciences,
15th for agriculture and forestry, and 16th for psychology.
A poll commissioned by UBC revealed that a vast majority of
Metro Vancouver residents support extending the Millennium
Line SkyTrain to UBC beyond Arbutus Street. Sixty per cent said
it should be considered a regional priority. An extension would
connect UBC, with no transfers, to Burnaby and Coquitlam,
and to Surrey, New Westminster and Richmond with just one
transfer, drastically reducing the travel time between these
cities and the university campus.
In a recent UBC study involving a representative sample of
about 2,000 Canadians aged 18-94, more than one in ten
(12 per cent) reported that open relationships were their "ideal
relationship type." The study's lead author was psychology
prof Nichole Fairbrother.
Two surveys taken 11 years apart (2004 and 2015) show a 13 per
cent decrease in the amount of fruit and veg being consumed
by Canadians. These were the findings of research led by Claire
Tugault-Lafleur, a postdoctoral fellow in UBC's Food, Nutrition
and Health program.
Truffles and caviar have traditionally been delicacies of the upper class, but a study by
UBC sociology professor Emily Huddart Kennedy and colleagues from the University of
Toronto finds that free-range and fair-trade foods are becoming increasingly important
among the elite. We asked Kennedy about the changing ways in which people signal
status through food.
What was the aim of your study?
The sociology of taste looks at how people generate taste for consumer goods.
There's been a general understanding for over 40 years that high-status people enjoy
sophisticated things, like opera or French cuisine. Researchers have described that
as aesthetic taste. I'm an environmental sociologist, and looking at the world around
me - particularly in Vancouver but also in other places - I've seen a new sort of "green"
cachet. We have a whole bunch of products where people will pay quite a bit more for
the environmental benefits. So basically we were trying to find out whether the elite
among us are interested in ethical foods.
How did you conduct the study?
My colleague Josee Johnston from the University of Toronto and her grad students
stood outside grocery stores in Toronto - different types of grocery stores, at different
times of day, on different days of the week - and asked more than 800 food consumers
to fill out a survey.
How did you group those shoppers based on their answers?
The foodies are the people who love cooking, who know about the hottest new
restaurants, who like exotic foods. The ethical eaters are trying to buy local, trying
to buy organic, and they really feel like they can make an impact on the environment
through their food choices. Then you have a group that considers themselves both
foodies and ethical eaters, and a group who consider themselves neither. Ethical foodie
and ethical were the most dominant groups, followed by "neither." It was a bit more
rare to be a pure foodie.
How was people's socioeconomic status reflected in those four groups?
Status is complicated to measure. We used a fairly traditional method of combining
income, education and occupation. We expected to see foodies come out as a really
high-status category, just because that's what research has shown so far, but we were
surprised that the highest status consumers, overwhelmingly, aren't just foodies but
people who are being foodies in an ethical way. Roughly a quarter of the foodies earn
over $100,000, but over 40 per cent of the "ethical foodies" do. And the same sort of
patterns apply for occupation and education.
What does that tell you?
Our culture's understanding of what counts as elite taste has really overlooked this
ethical element. And it's not just in food. Look at architecture. Increasingly, we want
architecture to be using sustainable resources that are good for the environment.
With clothing, there are more and more options where really expensive brands
are reusing material or sourcing it from ethical manufacturers. So if you're saying,
"Oh, I should go to this new hipster food truck or this new restaurant that opened up,"
that's not even enough anymore to signal that you're high-status. Now, it also has to
have this additional layer of being good for people and good for the planet. Foie gras
might be great, but if it's local, heritage-breed, pasture-raised foie gras from happy,
free-range geese, then that's what high-status looks like now.
 evolutionary biology. Alec Beall, a postdoctoral researcher in UBC's Department of
Psychology, has studied the conflict between them. Now he is taking a closer look at
the hormones involved.
Your research focuses on something people have called "the love hormone." What is that?
Oxytocin is a hormone involved in social bonding, and in parent-infant bonding. Basically,
when you look into the eyes of a child or a cute, vulnerable puppy, past research has shown
that you release oxytocin naturally. If testosterone is the sex drive hormone, then oxytocin
would be more of the nurturant hormone. My previous behavioural work suggests
sex drive and nurturance are opposing motivations, so oxytocin and testosterone may
regulate opposing motivations and behaviours.
Why have humans evolved to have separate hormones for sex and love?
You need to acquire a mate in order to successfully reproduce. But in order to successfully
reproduce your genetic material, your child has to grow to reproductive age. Within
evolutionary biology, the mating/parenting trade-off suggests that because we have
limited bioenergetic resources, we cannot devote them to both parenting existing
offspring, as well as producing a bunch of additional offspring. Our bodies make an
unconscious decision: we either invest in mating, or we invest in parenting.
What has your past research revealed about this trade-off?
My dissertation research looked at priming people to feel tenderness, and seeing how
it affected their short-term mating drive. I showed UBC undergraduates pictures of
puppies and kittens, and had them think about what it would be like to take care of them.
Then they took a survey that assessed their desire to sleep around. What I found was that
when people were in this parental caring mindset, they were less likely to report a desire
to sleep around. When we primed them with pictures and erotic scenarios to make them
think about a short-term mating encounter, they reported lower tenderness responses to
pictures of infants. All these motivations are driven by complex underlying physiological
components, which is what drove me to the oxytocin study.
How are you conducting this study?
We're bringing 25 men and 25 women into the lab at two separate times. They'll receive
a dose of intranasal oxytocin or a placebo, but they won't know which. What we're
expecting is that people under oxytocin will exhibit a weakened desire to sleep around
because the oxytocin temporarily boosts their desire to parent and nurture. We hope
to capture this change in motivation using several methods. First, we'll use eye-tracking
to note whether a participant's gaze is drawn more to attractive short-term sexual
opportunities or to human infants, and to the bodies of attractive swimsuit models
or to their faces. Next, we are using questionnaires to assess whether participants
report a reduced attraction to short-term mating prospects. Finally, we are using
saliva tests to determine how much testosterone participants produce in reaction to
erotic stimuli. We're expecting that oxytocin will increase parenting motivation, and
we're using a number of psychological, behavioural, and
physiological measures to see what happens with the
short-term mating drive.
What are the benefits of understanding all this better?
I don't want to extrapolate too far, but good parenting
practices tend to follow from attentive, tender, and caring
parents. If there's any way we can understand the underlying
physiology behind what makes a good parent, it can only be
helpful for at-risk children. It's possible that by understanding
the interaction between these competing drives, we might
be able to actually figure out ways to increase the
fl parenting motivation.
A team of UBC staff, leading earthquake faculty experts,
and engineering consultants has produced a study
examining how to protect lives, research programs,
infrastructure and assets on the university's Vancouver
campus in the event of a catastrophic earthquake.
"We've actually been looking at seismic risk since the
early 1990s and have already done a lot of work on our
buildings and infrastructure through seismic upgrades in
partnership with the province," says Jennifer Sanguinetti,
mechanical engineer and managing director of infrastructure
development at UBC. "Since 2016, we have approached
our planning efforts through a 'resilience lens' - which
means asking not only how we can withstand a disaster
while reducing harm to people, but also how we can
prevent unacceptable losses to property or interruptions
to the university's core academic mission," she says. "It
goes beyond getting people out alive. You have to develop
an approach to seismic risk reduction, using leading
international practices in planning and design, so people
have something to go back to when the shaking stops."
The 20-year plan is conceptual at this stage, subject to the
financial and logistical constraints of the university, and will
need to be implemented within UBC's existing capital planning
process. There's a lot more work to be done before a final cost
or definitive timeline can be determined, Sanguinetti noted,
but the detailed analysis in the report provides unique insights
into possible structural impacts that allows UBC to consider
"surgical interventions" before full building replacements.
Working with Carlos Ventura, professor in the Department
of Civil Engineering and director of the Earthquake Engineering
Research Facility, the team created three-dimensional
structural models and assessed the material properties of
18 buildings classified as high-risk on the Vancouver campus.
The consultant team then tested those models under
11 ground-motion scenarios, reflecting a one-in-975-year
seismic event, varying the epicenter distance from the
campus and the type of earthquake possible at each of those
locations (a large subduction earthquake off the coast of
Vancouver Island, for example, the so called "Big One").
"That allowed us to look at how the ground would actually
move in those scenarios and what would happen, what the
impact would be, on those 18 buildings," said Ventura. "We
are talking about reducing risk. This is a professional way to
not only understand risk, but look at how to manage it."
Research of this kind is both "an art and a science," he says.
"You have a higher risk of being in a fatal car accident on
your way to campus than being injured in an earthquake.
You know the risk of driving, you accept the risk and you
take precautions. The same is true for earthquakes," he said.
"I'm really glad that UBC is taking the lead. We don't want
any surprises."
 take note
Researchers at UBC have created the first-ever nanocomposite biomaterial
heart valve developed to reduce or eliminate complications related to heart
transplants. By using a newly developed technique, they were able to build
a more durable valve that enables the heart to adapt faster and more seamlessly.
Assistant Professor Hadi Mohammadi runs the Heart Valve Performance
Laboratory (HVPL) through UBC Okanagan's School of Engineering. Lead
author on the study, he says the newly developed valve is an example of
a transcatheter heart valve, a promising new branch of cardiology. These valves
are unique because they can be inserted into a patient through small incisions
rather than opening a patient's chest - a procedure that is generally safer and
much less invasive.
"Existing transcatheter heart valves are made of animal tissues, most often
the pericardium membrane from a cow's heart, and have had only moderate
success to date," explains Mohammadi. "The problem is that they face
significant implantation risks and can lead to coronary obstruction and
acute kidney injury."
The new valve solves that problem by using naturally derived
nanocomposites- a material assembled with a variety of very small
components- including gels, vinyl and cellulose. The combination of their
new material with the non-invasive nature of transcatheter heart valves
makes this new design very promising for use with high-risk patients,
accordingto Mohammadi.
"Not only is the material important but the design and construction
of our valve means that it lowers stress on the valve by as much as
40 per cent compared to valves currently available," says Dylan Goode,
a graduate researcher at the HVPL. "It is uniquely manufactured in one
continuous form, so it gains strength and flexibility to withstand the
circulatory complications that can arise following transplantation."
Working with researchers from Kelowna General Hospital and
Western University, the valve will now undergo rigorous testing to
perfect its material composition and design. The testing will include
human heart simulators and large animal in-vivo studies. If successful,
the valve will then proceed to clinical patient testing.
"This has the potential to become the new standard in heart
valve replacement and to provide a safer, longer-term solution for
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Philippe Belley,
a recent PhD
graduate who
went to Baffin
Island to study
how rare gems
are formed (UBC
News, April 4).
Professor Becki Ross of UBC's Department of Sociology
and Social Justice Institute, commenting on an online archive
offering an expansive look at LGBTQ history, now accessible
to UBC Library users CUBC Library News, Sept. 17,2018).
Research by UBC masters student Darcen Esau has revealed that
people enjoy wine more if the label matches their personal identity
CCBC News, March 17).
)le will even.
i.q more fu<
- wiiether irs
>op tax or any other
food. mother.
Professor Werner Antweiler commenting on record gas prices in
BC, thought to be due in part to the recent increase in carbon tax
CCBC News, April 12).
Home cooking from scratch is healthiest for our families, we're told, but that's not always easy.
UBC sociologist Sinikka Elliott's new book, Pressure Cooker: Why Home Cooking Won't Solve
Our Problems and What We Can Do About It, tells the stories of nine women who know how
complicated it is to feed a family in 2019 CUBC News, March 11).
The US has become one of the most unequal societies in the.world in terms
access to health, education, even disposable,incomes, a situation wnere peoi
" fess trustino of DeoDfe than thev were in +hQ ■~ioc+
Professor emeritus of economics John Helliwell, co-editor of the 2019 UN Happiness Report CYa hoo N ew Zea la n d, March 30).
Help change
the world.
"Thanks to donors, I got to learn things
that I never would have otherwise. I'm
ready to go and make a difference in the
world. You can help other students do
the same."
Dominica Patterson
Fourth-year undergraduate student,
International Relations
UBC Okanagan
Blue & Gold Bursary
The future starts today.
Find out how you can
be part of it.
Change their world so they can change ours
 Patrick Baylis,
How will the
economy and society
adapt to a warmer,
more variable world?
What can governments
do to put a price on the
true cost of pollution and
assign a value to natural resources like
forests and biodiversity? These are
questions driving Patrick Baylis' work.
An environmental economist at the
Vancouver School of Economics, Baylis
has dedicated his career to uncovering
the economic costs of climate change.
And to better understand the impact that climate change
is having on society, Baylis has worked on a series of
studies harnessing massive amounts of demographic
and social media data. Together, these studies paint
a fascinating and troubling picture of how humankind
is respondingto global warming.
The Human Cost of Climate Change
In a 2018 study, Baylis and his colleagues analyzed the
link between extreme weather and human well-being
through the lens of 3.5 billion Facebook and Twitter
posts shared between 2009 and 2016. Using sentiment
analysis tools, they counted the number of positive and
negative words contained in each post, then compared
this to meteorological data from each location. They
found that negative sentiment increased significantly
during extreme weather (weather that was too hot, cold, wet, or humid).
It was the biggest ever study quantifying the link between bad weather and
emotional state, and it prompted another question: Will people simply get used
to more challenging weather patterns and adjust their happiness?
To understand this, Baylis and colleagues followed up with a 2019 study that
analyzed more than 2 billion geolocated tweets between 2014 and 2016. This time,
they wanted to know if people would continue to notice extreme weather after
repeated exposure, as well as if it continued to impact their moods.
They found that the likelihood of remarking on extreme weather declined rapidly
if people had already experienced similar temperatures in recent years, even if that
weather was extreme in the context of a larger time frame (they compared it to a baseline of
the 1981-1990 average temperatures for those areas). Their findings suggest that people had
normalized extreme weather in as little as two years.
Significantly, even though people were no longer remarking on the weather after repeated
exposure to historically unusual temperatures, they were still expressing negative sentiments.
They had stopped talking about the bad weather, but it was still making them unhappy.
This is concerning for two reasons. If people stop registering extreme weather as extreme,
they may underestimate the impact of climate change and be less likely to support climate
change solutions. (Baylis and his team noted this was a classic case of the boiling frog metaphor.)
Secondly, even though people are not necessarily attributing their negative feelings to extreme
weather, they're still worse off.
Higher Temperatures Increase Suicide Rates
This decline in well-being was dramatically underscored in a third study co-authored by Baylis
that indicated a rise in suicides due to global warming. Using comprehensive data from multiple
decades, Baylis and coauthors found that when the average monthly temperature increased by
1 degree Celsius, the suicide rate rose by 0.7 per cent in the US and by 2.1 per cent in Mexico. Those
margins are comparable to the estimated increase in suicide rates linked to economic recessions,
and to the decrease in rates attributed to suicide prevention programs and gun restriction laws.
Additionally, the effect had not diminished over time, suggesting limited human adaptation to
hotter weather. The authors predicted that the rise in suicides would only increase in a rapidly
warming world, with as many as 40,000 additional suicides by 2050 in the United States and
Mexico. "This is another really tragic cost of climate change," says Baylis.
How do we incentivize people to adopt the policies and
behaviours urgently required to tackle climate change?
 His current work tries to measure how people are
incentivized to make climate-friendly decisions. Specifically,
he is looking at how government-funded fire suppression
in the US implicitly subsidizes construction in remote,
less-dense areas with high fire risk. If people choose to build
their homes in areas with a high fire risk, should they pay
more to offset the cost of public-funded fire suppression?
If there is no additional cost, they are essentially getting
an implicit subsidy to live there, Baylis says. He wants
to calculate the value of that implicit subsidy. "This is
important because climate change is already contributing
to increasingly dangerous and costly fire seasons," he says.
"A better understanding of how these public expenditures
change homeowner incentives will help us better mitigate
these impacts."
Why is climate change an area you've devoted
your career to?
I think it's because environmental economics gets
at two big fascinations of mine: how people make
decisions in the face of scarcity (that's the economics
part) and how we value our public resources like good
air quality, healthy ecosystems, and access to the
outdoors (those are the environmental parts).
What's the one thing you'd like people to take away
from your work?
One concept that I hope students who take my
class walk away with is that pricing externalities
[e.g. putting a price on pollution] is complicated
and difficult but also incredibly important. We're
not precisely certain what the exact social cost of
carbon is (and we may never be), but at this point
it's very clear that it's substantially greater than zero.
As Canadian residents, we are lucky to live in one of
the few countries in the world with a price on carbon
emissions - as global citizens, we should be interested
in the whole world moving in that direction.
Kathryn Harrison,
Political Scientist
Why does carbon pricing remain
politically contentious, despite an
abundance of evidence that carbon
taxes reduce emissions without
negatively impacting the economy?
As the Trudeau government launches its federal carbon tax, political scientist Kathryn
Harrison is paying close attention. An expert on environmental policy, Harrison has been
studying the politics of carbon taxes for a decade.
"Carbon taxes are particularly intriguing, because there's agreement among policy
experts that it's a great approach for addressing climate change, but also lots of evidence
that adoption of a carbon tax is politically hazardous," says Harrison. "Carbon taxes are
'good policy' but 'bad politics.' But if that's the case, why does any government ever propose
a carbon tax, and how do at least some of those proposals get implemented and survive?"
Harrison is attempting to answer this by analyzing carbon tax debates in four countries:
Canada, Australia, France and Ireland. She's found that in each of these countries, political
opponents have played on voters' fears and misunderstanding of how carbon taxes work to
mobilize opposition, resulting in some ugly political debates. In many instances, that strategy
has worked and the people campaigning for robust climate policies have lost elections.
But not always. Harrison has been dissecting the examples in which carbon tax
policy has been successful to understand what went well. What conditions or strategies
allow pro-environmental policy to prevail? "Sometimes that's been through multi-party
collaboration, sometimes by leading with benefits to the economy rather than the
environment, and sometimes, to be honest, it's just been luck," she says.
Harrison says it's an exciting topic in Canada right now, given the launch of the federal
carbon tax in four provinces. She's noticed opponents using the same arguments and tactics
from previous debates in Canada and elsewhere. "Most of what's being said is either selective
(for instance, ignoring that tax rebates will leave most families in provinces subject to the
federal carbon tax better off), misleading in pretending that we can meet our targets by
focusing only on big industrial polluters, or just wrong in stating that carbon taxes don't work."
But Harrison is watching to see if Canada's carbon tax rebates will make a difference, noting
that most taxpayers will get more money back than they will pay. "Will voters even notice
that they're getting money back, and if they do, does that affect their opinion of the federal
carbon tax? I'm also curious whether voters will be influenced by information and evidence
as the political debate over the carbon tax unfolds in the months to come. Will they have
a reasonably accurate understanding of the costs and benefits they face, or will they just take
their signals from the parties they trust?"
To assess this, Harrison and her colleagues are surveying a group of Canadians at several
intervals: before the carbon tax takes effect, after the tax is first applied, and after they get
rebates through their taxes. "Our goal is to learn whether voters understand and support the
carbon tax, and what difference the dividend cheques make."
nada is warming at twice the global rate, according to
lew report issued by federal scientists earlier this year.
That finding follows on the heels of a landmark UN report
issued last fall, which warned that humanity has just
12 years to avoid the consequences of catastrophic climate
change, from wildfires, rising sea levels, and food shortages.
As the impacts of climate change grow more severe, so too does the scale of the
challenge ahead. This requires overhauling our economic policies, changing the way we
live our lives and design our cities, and makingthe climate crisis comprehensibletothe
public. How can research from the social sciences support this?
We look at how four UBC professors are using insights from behavioural psychology,
comparative policy, and environmental economics to advance climate change solutions.
 climate change
Kathryn Harrison
Why is climate change a topic you've devoted your career to?
Climate change is arguably the greatest challenge humankind is currently
facing. I feel a sense of obligation to use my good fortune - born into
a wealthy country, access to a top-notch education, and security of
a tenured academic position - to do what I can to make things better
for those less fortunate and future generations. I hope that my research
and public scholarship can contribute in a small way.
If there was one solution or recommendation that you would like
people to take away from your climate research, what would it be?
On climate change, there's been a really unhelpful dance between
Canadian voters and politicians for more than three decades, even as
our emissions have gone up and up. Politicians don't believe that voters
will support them if they propose the kinds of policies needed to deliver
Jiaying Zhao,
^ Why does climate change remain
such a polarizing topic? And what
interventions could be made in our
cities to encourage pro-environmental
behaviour? As Canada Research
Chair in Behavioural Sustainability,
psychologist Jiaying Zhao uses insights
from behavioural psychology to address
these kinds of sustainability problems.
real change, so they offer truisms like "the environment and economy go
hand in hand" and adopt feel-good policies that help a bit at the margins
but don't challenge our fossil fuel dependence.
In turn, most voters readily embrace the message that we can save
the world without changing our lives. They reject policies - like carbon
taxes - that have even modest impacts on them. If we're going to fix this
problem, something has to give. Either political parties have to agree that
this issue is just too important for partisan opportunism, or voters have
to accept that fundamental change is needed and vote for candidates
who are honest about that.
As part of Congress 20ig (see page 48), Kathryn Harrison will chair an open
panel event on "Climate Change Mitigation: Carbon Pricing in the Canadian
Federation." The event takes place on June 4, 8:30-10:30 am in the AMSwest.
Details: congress20ig.ca/calendar/iogo
* >• **
Environ mentannterventTons
Zhao's other research has examined how small
interventions can encourage recycling, composting
and car sharing. She says that simply being aware of
what contributes to climate change is often not enough
to change behaviour, but making pro-environmental
actions convenient and accessible can make a big
difference. For instance, she and her colleagues showed
that minimizing the distance between the recycling bin
and suites in a multi-unit residential building improved
recycling and composting rates by 60 to 130 per cent.
Engaging Climate Change Skeptics
Her recent work seeks to understand how to engage conservatives who remain skeptical about
climate change. "Political groups view climate change in very different ways," says Zhao. "You
have liberals who are worried about climate change and conservatives who are skeptical and
don't believe it's driven by human activity. Yet the two groups are looking at the same scientific
evidence. So our question is, why is information alone not convincing people? Why do you see
this divergence of views and opinions given the same evidence?"
Zhao wondered whether the differences arise in part from an attentional bias driven by
political orientation rather than insufficient exposure to climate facts. So in a recent study, she
and her colleagues tested people's visual attention to climate-change related words (words like
"carbon" or "warming"). They discovered that participants who were already concerned about
climate change were better at seeing those words, while those who weren't concerned didn't
pay any more attention to climate words than to neutral words like "table" or "chair." Zhao says
this can create a feedback loop where concerned individuals are better at tuning their attention
to climate news, which leads them to become more concerned.
For Zhao, this has enormous implications for communication. "You cannot engage
conservatives on climate change in the same way you can with liberals," she says. Zhao
suggests that for climate messaging to be effective, it should align with people's personal
values and political ideologies. So for conservatives, this might require framing climate change
action as a tool for advancing economic and technological development, or protecting the
nation against threats like rising sea levels or wildfires.
Why is this an area you chose to work on?
Because it is absolutely necessary! Human
activity has caused adverse impacts on Earth's
ecosystems and created a myriad of environmental
problems. Sustainable development ultimately
depends on changing human behaviour. So I think
there is a tremendous space for psychology to
contribute to sustainability.
If there was one solution or recommendation
that you would like people to take away from
your research, what would it be?
Make it easy and fun. For example, if cities can
make public transit or car sharing services more
convenient, that will encourage fewer people to
drive, which will support our transition to a more
sustainable world.
 Seth Wynes,
What individual lifestyle
choices have the highest
impact on climate change?
A 2017 study by environmental
geographer Seth Wynes showed
that the four most impactful
actions that individuals can take
to lighten their carbon footprint
are (in order of impact): having fewer children,
living car free, reducing air travel, and switching
to a plant-based diet.
If those findings surprise you, it might be because they're not the strategies
most commonly promoted by governments, educators and the media. In
fact, when Wynes analyzed a representative sample of educational materials
(including 10 Canadian high school textbooks) as well as government
resources on climate change from the EU, US, Canada and Australia, he
found they largely fail to mention these actions. Instead, they focus on things
like recycling, switching light bulbs or using cloth shopping bags - actions
that have a relatively minor impact on emissions.
Wynes, a former high-school science teacher, was puzzled by this. After
all, avoiding just one roundtrip transatlantic flight per year reduces more
emissions than switching to green energy. Adopting a plant-based lifestyle
is four times more impactful than comprehensive recycling and aligns with
healthcare advice. And a US family choosing to have one less child would
result in the same level of emissions reductions as 684 teenagers adopting
comprehensive recycling for the rest of their lives. So why are governments
telling people to switch their light bulbs instead of encouraging them to fly
less and reduce their meat intake?
Wynes suggests the messaging may have been designed with a "foot
in the door" approach. "If you start people on small actions that are easily
achievable, then they can be scaled up later," he says. "But it's time to
move onto the next stage." He says it's critical to revamp our educational
materials to promote high-impact strategies, especially those targeted at
young people who are establishing lifelong patterns.
Case Study: Reducing Business-Related Air Travel
at UBC
Currently, Wynes is investigating what might nudge people from knowledge
about climate change mitigation to pro-environmental actions. His latest
research looks at a case study close to home: the carbon impacts of
business-related air travel at UBC.
It may sound like small fry in the context of climate change mitigation,
but the impacts would be huge: his study found that business-related air
travel emissions at UBC could be equal to a whopping 63-73 per cent of the
total annual emissions from operating the UBC campus. In Wynes' home
department, emissions from business-related air travel by faculty members
was 30 times greater than emissions from running the geography building.
— ^
"We know that air travel generates a lot of emissions, while
UBC's campus emissions are small for a university this size," says
Wynes, "so it's not surprising that business air travel has such
a big footprint at UBC. Going forward air travel is going to be one
f   of the last big sustainability hurdles for any university."
Wynes understands that academic life involves a lot of travel -
conferences in faraway places, lectures across the globe. But would
people cut down on air travel if they knew more about the carbon
impacts of their travel choices and were given better options for meeting
virtually with their colleagues around the world?
"I'm trying to figure out how people view their own air travel, how
organizations can encourage low-carbon alternatives, and whether
professionals can fly less without making career sacrifices," says Wynes.
"Air travel is such a carbon-intensive personal action, so it's really worthwhile
to look at different ways that we can reduce demand and help people do their
jobs well without taking so many flights."
Based on the findings from their UBC case study, Wynes and his
coauthor and supervisor Simon Donner have proposed a roadmap for
public sector institutions looking to reduce greenhouse gas emissions from
air travel (and as a side benefit, cut costs). This includes better tracking
and communication of air-travel related emissions, improving video
conferencing facilities, requiring economy-class travel (choosing a higher
class was responsible for 8 per cent of emissions), and reducing flights
solely for lectures.
Wynes is now partnering with UBC Travel and UBC Sustainability and
Engineering to use the university as a living lab for curbing business-related
air travel. "What we learn about how to cut emissions from business air
travel can hopefully be used by other universities and institutions around
the world," he says.
Why is climate change a topic you have decided to devote your
research and time to?
We are in a crucial window of time where we can decide what kind
of future we will live in, and it's important that we choose one where
the atmosphere is compatible with human well-being. That gives me
motivation to get up in the mornings.
If there was one solution or recommendation that you would like
people to take away from your climate research, what would it be?
My number one recommendation to individuals would be to go big.
So many of the actions that are suggested by the media are chosen
because they're small and they're easy, but this problem is not small
and it is not easy. Take trains, not planes, eat a plant-based diet and
live car free! D
As part of Congress 20ig (see page 48), Seth Wynes will participate in
a panel entitled "Green Academe: How can our carbon footprint-related
actions in academia create meaningful change?"
The event takes place on June 5, 8:30-10:00 am in the AMS Nest.
Details: congress20ig.ca/calendar/i2S7
 I'm sitting on an airplane 34,000 feet over the Pacific, reading an advanced
copy of Brett and Jessica Finlay's new book The Whole-Body Microbiome on
my cellphone, and all I can think is: "Catastrophe!"
It's not that I'm worried about falling from the sky. No, the disaster I fear
is internal. The Finlays' book is a love letter to the billions and trillions of
microbes that colonize our bodies and collaborate in everything from keeping
our breath fresh to helping to harvest macronutrients in our lower intestines.
The authors argue, convincingly, that the health of that entire
bacterial community - your personal microbiome - is one of
the great predictors of a long and happy life. Yet, 48 hours
before being assigned this story, I had begun a course of
antibiotics to conquer a lingering case of strep throat. I was
about to devastate my whole microbial team. As
I said: Catastrophe!
The good news, which unfolded in
the pages of their book and in later
conversations with father, Brett,
and daughter, Jessica, is that The
Whole-Body Microbiome is also
a how-to manual for aging in
good health, hand-in-hand
with the microscopic
creatures that float from
your throat to your - well,
just about everywhere.
And, if you were looking
for a tour through the
microbiome crossed
with a guidebook
for healthy living,
you could hardly do
better than recruiting
the Finlay team.
Microbiology buffs
- or just longstanding
UBC fans - will recognize
the name Brett Finlay. The
late Nobel laureate Michael
Smith recruited Finlay to UBC
in 1989. An Edmonton native,
Finlay had done an honours BSc
and a PhD in biochemistry at the
University of Alberta and then gone
on to do a post-doc in microbiology at
Stanford University in California. Smith, who
had a sharp eye for talent, recognized a brilliant and
innovative researcher and somehow managed to outbid
offers that Finlay had from powerhouse competitors including
Harvard and the Massachusetts Institute of Technology.
Smith's judgment was surely borne out. Finlay, 60, has held
the UBC Peter Wall Distinguished Professorship since 2002,
and he has indeed distinguished himself in every imaginable
way. He has published more than 500 peer-reviewed journal
How the trillions of bac
can keep you healthy into old age
articles and, as a principal or co-investigator, attracted more
than $100 million in research funding from sources including
the provincial and federal governments, private sector companies, and
international funders such as the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and
the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation. His largest current project is based
on a $4.6 million grant from Genome BC for the Canadian Healthy Infant
Longitudinal Development (CHILD) Study on childhood asthma and the
microbiome. Finlay's list of awards and distinctions runs to four pages and
ranges from the Orders of British Columbia and Canada (as an Officer) to
prizes including the Killam and the Galien. Really, it would be easier to list the
prizes that he hasn't won - yet - but you wouldn't want to jinx it.
Finlay's writing partner for this book is daughter Jessica,
30, an environmental gerontologist who is clearly
determined to keep up the family standard. She
did a BA and BEd at Queen's University,
before switching to geography and
gerontology for a master's and PhD
at the University of Minnesota.
She's currently doing
a post-doc at the University
of Michigan, studying
environmental effects
on cognitive decline
- and particularly
the effects of the
built environment.
A couple of years
ago, Jessica and her
father were out for
a run together in
Maui, and they were
talking about his last
book, Let Them Eat
Dirt: Saving Your Child
from an Oversanitized
World. This, also,
was a guidebook on
microbiota. As Brett Finlay
says, "The first 1,000 days of
life are just so important," and
one of the big tasks for children
is building a diverse, healthy and
robust microbiome - a process that
starts early. He says: "The first and
best birthday present" we receive
comes in the form of the vaginal and
fecal microbes that babies ingest and collect on
their journey down the birthing canal, as demonstrated
by the fact that babies born by Caesarian section are at 25 per cent
higher risk of asthma, obesity and diabetes. Finlay, and his co-author on
that book, Dr. Marie-Claire Arrieta - a former post-doctoral student of his
and currently a University of Calgary medical professor - explored this
and other ground-breaking research, along the way urging parents to let
 their little ones pet the dog, crawl in the mud
and (again!) avoid antibiotics unless they're
absolutely necessary.
But during the run, Jessica complained that Let Them
Eat Dirt spoke only of the experience of children from
birth to 12 years. What about the rest of us? So father
and daughter set off on a two-year project to review
and report on more than 1,000 research papers in
this fast-breaking field to help us all understand
better how to manage our microbiome for the later
parts of our lives.
As Brett Finlay knew it would, the search turned
up some amazing revelations. Microbes are crucial to
our day-to-day health and implicated in everything from
cardiovascular diseases to depression. For example, if
diarrhea by producing potent toxins in the gut. C. difficile is a poor competitor and doesn't usually
cause trouble in people with a healthy microbiome, which keeps the pathogen at bay. But if you
kill off a large number of helpful gut bacteria in the course of treating some other infection, C. diff
suddenly has the house to itself. It flourishes dangerously and is incredibly difficult to dislodge.
Remembering that most gut bacteria are either beneficial or benign, the new treatment for
highly antibiotic resistant C. difficile is a big dose of someone else's gut bacteria - in the form of
a fecal transfer. And yes, that's just what it sounds like: you slurry up a selection of feces from
a healthy donor and inject it, by enema or through a tube running down the nose and into the
intestines. This "repoopulation" works well, but remains, perhaps obviously, a treatment of
last resort - and one you are warned NOT to try at home, in part because you don't know what
effects might arise from other microbes in the "healthy" sample. One fecal transfer recipient, who
had always been a healthy weight and who didn't change their exercise or diet regime in the least,
still wound up marching toward obesity; the donor had been overweight and - we now know -
the composition of your microbiome has a big influence on your weight and how you
metabolize food.
you don't brush and floss adequately, pathogenic
microbes in your mouth can breakthrough damaged
gums and into your bloodstream, later causing
inflammation and tissue damage in your arteries and
heart valves. Misfolded proteins in the gut (triggered
by an altered microbiome) can make their way up the
vagus nerve and into the brain, where they can cause
plaque build-up that is similar to that seen in Alzheimer's
patients. Gut bacteria are also
implicated - or at least useful as
a predictor - in Parkinson's disease.
On the bright side, the book is
full of these kinds of "Say what!?"
discoveries. More frustrating is
the fact that everything is so new
that the medical innovations and
treatments that might arise are not yet available or are
in their earliest stages. For example, one of the microbes
we don't want is called Clostridium difficile (C. difficile),
an intestinal pathogen that causes severe
Microbes are crucial to
our day-to-day health and
implicated in everything
from cardiovascular
diseases to depression.
This was unpleasant information for the newly chubby fecal transfer
recipient, but it could be cool news for the rest of us. If researchers can
figure out which microbes are promoting or preventing specific conditions
- obesity, diabetes, asthma - there is a chance they can grow tailored probiotics that
we could take as treatments. This might even work for certain types of mental illness. In mouse
experiments, researchers have found that mice that receive fecal transfers from populations that
are stressed or depressed become stressed or depressed themselves. And if you can cause it,
there's a chance you can stop it, again by identifying and targeting problematic microbes or by
promoting the ones that are helping keep us healthy. As Brett Finlay says, this
research opens even more possibilities than gene therapy (you can't go back
and change your genetics, but you can change your microbiome). Finlay says:
"We're five years away from the next generation of probiotics."
In the meantime, Jessica Finlay says there are still four things we can
do. The first is to eat well. We can search outprebiotics, the high-fibre
and/or starchy foods that are most effective at nourishing the microbes
in our gut. These include foods such as asparagus, Jerusalem artichokes,
bananas, oatmeal, honey, maple syrup, legumes and (brace yourself) red wine! (The latter,
of course, is to be consumed in moderation, but still!) There's also much to be
gained by eating probiotics, foods with beneficial live bacteria and yeasts: think
kimchi, sauerkraut, kefir, tempeh, yogurt and kombucha. You can also take
 human microbiome
probiotics in pill form, but keep in
mind that they are not regulated
by Health Canada or by the US
Food and Drug Administration,
so you should, at the very least,
be skeptical about any enthusiastic
claims for their effectiveness (see
www.probioticchart.ca for a list
of medically proven probiotics).
The second recommendation
is to exercise, which is good for
you anyway, but also appears
to be good for your microbiome.
And the same can be said for
the third recommendation,
which is to reduce stress. From
a microbiome perspective, it
seems that this is a condition that
can be self-reinforcing: if you are
stressed, your microbiome adjusts
and, according to mouse models,
can perpetuate the tendency to be
stressed. Anything you can do to
avoid startingthe spiral will help.
Finally, eat dirt!
Actually, neither Jessica nor Brett
recommended that for adults. The
real advice was to "get out there."
MIND your diet
Include These
It seems almost anticlimactic
that medical science can't come
up with an improvement on
your mother's advice to eat your
vegetables, but there you go. For
gut health, brain health, heart
health - for good health - it seems
there is no getting away from the
spinach and broccoli.
In The Whole-Body Microbiome,
authors Brett and Jessica Finlay
recommend the MIND diet,
where MIND stands for the
Mediterranean-DASH Intervention
for Neurodegenerative Delay,
and DASH stands for Dietary
Approaches to Stop Hypertension.
This MIND diet was developed by Martha Claire Morris,
a nutritional epidemiologist at Rush University Medical Center,
through a study funded bythe National Institute on Aging. And her
February 2015 study found that, in addition to previously reported
beneficial effects on hypertension, it lowered Alzheimer's risk by
about 35 per cent for those who followed it moderately well and
up to 53 per cent for rigorous adherents. The following is a simple
outline for a healthy diet:
Hew Efl Kmm HKiobt*-
KlMf WS OuMH liMMtj MMttti
Publisher Douglas & Mclntyre
ISBN 978-1-77162-220-2
Paperback (320 pp), J26.95
Available at bookstores everywhere
Green leafy vegetables: everyday
Other vegetables:
at least once per day
Wholegrains: three times per day
Nuts: every day
Wine: one glass per day
Beans: every other day
Berries: at least twice per week,
especially blueberries
and strawberries
Pou Itry: at least twice per week
Fish: of least once per week
Olive oil
Limit These
Red meats: fewer than four
servings per week
Butter and stick margarine:
less than one tablespoon per day
Cheese: less than one serving
per week
Fried or fast food: less than one
serving per week
Refined sugars and carbohydrates
(eg: pastries and sweets): limit
Open the windows or, better still, go outside. Spend lots of time with other
people: shake hands, give them a hug, kiss your kids. Dig in the garden, pet
the dog. And be cautious about using antimicrobial handwashes or, indeed,
antimicrobial anything. Jessica complained that she bought a t-shirt for
running and found it was "antimicrobial." She took it back. Most of the time,
she says, the best cleaning tools are soap and water. (At the end of the day,
we also might be shrinking
away from the wrong things.
The Finlays' book advises that
there are 10 times as many
microbes on your cell phone as
on your toilet seat. One of those
clearly needs an extra wipe
once in awhile.)
Although the Finlays didn't
say so, a fifth recommendation
might be to look for fun things
to do and interesting people
to do them with. Father and
daughter were both effusive about working together on this shared project,
with Jessica saying that, although Brett has always been "just Dad," it was
still "very validating that he wanted to work together."
And the ebullient Brett seemed to sum up both the experience of writing
and the promise of all this research, saying:
"Money doesn't buy happiness; science does." D
If researchers can figure
out which microbes are
promoting or preventing
specific conditions - obesity,
diabetes, asthma - there
is a chance they can grow
tailored probiotics that we
could take as treatments. This
might even work for certain
types of mental illness.
This fall my 18-year-old daughter enrolled in my
alma mater. Where did the time go?
If a new season of life has you thinking about
buying or selling a home, let's talk. We can grab
coffee and reminisce about the days when UBC
was mostly parking lots.
Give me a call or text 604-329-3288
I'm a UBC grad.
Now I'm a UBC dad.
 Saturday, September 14, 2019
Join us on campus - bring friends and famiy
Visit your favourite attractions and e:
a day of food, fun and entertainment
Stay for the football game at 3pm,
T-Birds vs Calgary Dim
 In August 2014, the tailings pond at the Mount Polley mine site failed, spilling
millions of litres of highly polluted mining waste into Polley Lake and raising
the level by 1.5 metres. The slurry continued its path through Hazeltine Creek,
expanding it from two metres wide to more than 50, and on into Quesnel
Lake and Cariboo River. It was called one of the biggest environmental
disasters in modern Canadian history and will continue to have a devastating
impact on the area for decades to come. For Nathan Skubovius, a member
of the Tahltan First Nation, it was also a personal turning point.
"I knew that Imperial Metals, the company that was responsible for that
disaster, was the same company that was building the Red Chris mine in
the centre of the Tahltan territory," says Skubovius, who would go on to
study mining engineering at UBC. "It was a big shift for me to understand
how mining can go in the wrong direction. I realized that if I was going to
do anything to change things, I needed to use my education."
Skubovius didn't grow up in the Tahltan territory, but spent many summers
there with his grandfather learning about his traditions and the Tahltan
way of life. He developed a strong bond with the territory and knew, at
some point, that he would do something for his people to help sustain his
ancestral land.
"I've always been a bit of a doer," he says. "And I'm not the kind of person
who stands by and lets things just happen."
His enthusiasm during those summer visits drew the attention of the
Tahltan Central Government (TCG). When he entered UBC in 2015, the TCG
asked him to be a representative on the Tahltan Youth Council. In 2017 he
was hired as the Land Use Planning co-ordinator and led focus groups on
different aspects of development in the territory. The TCG has a long history
of activism in promoting traditional values while embracing the demands of
modern industry. In 1987, it established a resource development policy that
declared the territory open for business, and outlined the restrictions and
regulations that needed to be met before development could happen.
The TCG also championed the idea of re-establishing long-neglected
nomadic trails and getting Tahltan youth involved and interested in their
ancestral traditions. As youth leader, Skubovius was tapped to organize
a group of young people to help build a footbridge - designed by his father
- at a traditional crossing, and that experience started the idea that would
eventually manifest itself as the Tene Mehodihi ("The Trail We Know") project.
He saw it as a way to educate Tahltan youth in their own culture and give
them some insight into the opportunities that awaited
them in the development of the Tahltan lands.
It would expose students to
18 ■ TREK
A new program for Tahltan First Najg
youth seeks to involve them in the sustainable
development of their ancestral land.
 traditional and modern survival skills and, at the same time, introduce them
to the technical skills they would need to work in the resource industry.
Development in the Tahltan lands is, as is the case in many First Nations,
controversial. Focused largely on gold, copper and natural gas, resource
development places huge and sometimes extremely damaging demands on
the land. Memories of the various gold rushes of thei8oos don't die easily,
and there have been some projects in resource-rich First Nations territories
that have ignored local concerns. Others, like the Mount Polley mine, have
been disastrous. In 2012, a methane tracking exploration project slated
for the headwaters of the Skeena, Stikine and Nass rivers - an area called
the Kablona that is considered sacred by the Tahltan nation - was halted
due to protests by the Kablona Keepers, a group of Tahltan elders. The
Kablona Keepers have protested a number of exploratory operations over
the years, though they don't condemn development per se. In an interview
with the Globe and Mail at the time, the group's spokesperson, Rhoda Quock
was quoted as saying, "I don't want people to get
the impression we're
against all development. We're not. But these places are sacred and need
to be preserved."
Christine Creyke, lands director for the TCG, thinks that development,
properly managed, can be a benefit to all. "The Tahltan Nation is industry
supportive," says Creyke, who has signed agreements with resource
companies that provide significant returns to the community. "Our
agreements with industry help support all the work we do in sustaining
and building our community."
Skubovius echoes these perspectives. "We're not against development,"
he says, "it's just where, when, at what pace and to whose benefit. These
are the serious questions that project managers have to consider. We have
locations identified - grave sites, sacred sites, village sites - and when
projects come in without considering those things, they won't go ahead."
One of the prime considerations Skubovius has for development projects
is the employment prospects for Indigenous workers. "Mining jobs of
the future aren't going to involve heavy labour or machine operation," he
says. "What we need are more electricians, more managers, more project
designers. There's a big shift in job opportunities. And that means more
education for our workers."
Students on top of Eve's Cone
^, during their 2018 hike. Mount
Edziza is in the background.
 precious resources
Which is where the Tene Mehodihi project comes in. Skubovius' idea was to create adventure
hikes for Tahltan youth that show them the importance of their traditions and include strong
educational components. By showing students the richness of their traditions, and tying that
in with the opportunities that await them, Skubovius hopes to encourage Tahltan youth to stay
in the territories.
"One of our biggest issues in the Tahltan territory," says Creyke, "is the retention of our people.
Right now, 85 percent of our members live outside the territory. In 10 years, it may climb to
95 percent. Nathan's idea fits really well with our overall
goal as a nation to retain our youth and encourage others
to move back to the territory."
The Tahltan were originally a nomadic people who over
the centuries followed caribou herds along well-worn
routes. Most of these routes have, in the recent past,
fallen into disuse and become overgrown. One of the first
activities, building the footbridge, was followed by the
TCG sponsoring a cleanup of a trail that runs past Buckley Lake, skirts the Mount Edziza volcano
and ends up in Telegraph Creek. In the summer of 2018, that trail was used for the first hike of the
Tene Mehodihi project.
The hike involves two different facets. Firstly, with the help of elders who join the hike at
Buckley Lake, students learn how their ancestors used the land, how they travelled and how they
lived. They also learn about traditional Tahltan crafts, food preparation and art.
The second aspect of the hike is where UBC comes in. Students are introduced to navigation
and bush skills and visit a mining exploration camp that was set up by a mining concern to
investigate the potential for resource development nearby. Using the resources of the camp
on trie land, whether it s. how to use
the landscape. - ridgelines,,. peaks,
other, high points as guidelines, to
travel - or how to harvest food in
the wilderness, not wastingprecious
resources and understanding,what
you needto survive. It s a good mix.
and those of UBC participants, students learn how to
use various instruments to test plants, take water and
soil samples (and properly document them), analyse
rocks, and perform water management tasks. It helps
give the students an insight into the intricacies of the
development process and, hopefully, stimulates their
interest in learning more. Last summer's hike was to take
seven days, though it was cut short by
a day because of the wildfires that raged
through Telegraph Creek.
Nadja Kunz, assistant professor with
the UBC School of Public Policy and
Global Affairs and the Norman B. Keevil
Institute of Mining Engineering, was
part of that hike.
"I'm interested in the social and environmental issues
around mining," she says, "as well as the engineering
challenges. Participating in the hike was a great way
to involve the students in the physical aspects of
mining development, but also in how that development
impacts the land."
During the hike, Professor Kunz, who is Canada
Research Chair in Mine Water Management and
Stewardship, brought water sampling equipment along
The Tahltan First Nation is
a territory of roughly 93,000
square kilometres in northern
BC that extends east from
the Alaska panhandle and
includes the upper Nass
tributaries, the western half of
the Stikine plateau, including
the sacred headwaters of the
Stikine, Nass and Skeena
rivers, and north into the
Yukon Territory. Half of the
residents in Tahltan territory
are dispersed between three
main communities: Telegraph
Creek, Dease Lake and Iskut.
Juan de Fuca Strait
 to show students how water monitoring works, and
introduced them to the kind of equipment and analysis
they could expect to encounter in a university setting.
"Having UBC professors involved in research projects
is a big part of the program," says Skubovius. "They help
students understand the processes that have an impact
on development and sustainability,
UBC's standards are world class,
so when our students experience
these projects and conduct these
experiments, they're doing it with
instruments and instruction of the
highest calibre."
And, coupled with traditional instruction, students
will see the connection between sustainability and
development. "Tahltan culture is about being efficient
on the land," says Skubovius, "whether it's how to use
the landscape - ridgelines, peaks, other high points
as guidelines to travel - or how to harvest food in
the wilderness, not wasting precious resources and
understanding what you need to survive. It's a good mix."
This summer, Skubovius plans two hikes. The
first, mirroring the 2018 adventure, will involve 14 to
16 year-old-students, with supplies and equipment
Were building the model.,and we
need to .figure out .what's gone
wrong, wharsgpne right. We need
to understand Ihe steps it s taken
to get to this spot. Then, 1 hoRe
we can. share this program with
.i/e -
other mining comm
brought along on pack horses. The second, with older students, will have students packing in their
own gear to hike around the western edge of the Mt. Edziza plateau. They will meet up with the
younger students at Eve's Cone, one of the cinder cones on the flank of Mount Edziza.
Skubovius' long term plan is to expand the Tene Mehodihi project to include five different
adventures running through the summer, with students able to acquire industry-valid certification
- such as First Aid, water and avalanche rescue - that can be built into the high school curriculum.
Skubovius' plans after gradudation aren't set in stone just
yet. He will spend this summer managing the Tene Mehodihi
project, working out the bugs and planting the seeds for the
project's future. Then, he sees a PEng in his future, and perhaps
an engineering job with an international mining company. But his
vision for Tene Menodihi is long-term.
"We're building the model," he says, "and we need to figure
out what's gone wrong, what's gone right. We need to understand the steps it's taken to get to
this spot. Then, I hope, we can share this program with other mining communities.
"We have a long history of mining in the Tahltan territory, and we'll have a long future in mining.
We're a resource rich area. We're going to have large-scale industry for years to come, and I know
the big companies are bringing autonomous equipment to these sites, which will mean huge
job losses for our communities. If we can train the next generations to take on the higher-level
occupations, and to not be equipment operators, we'll be very successful in the industries, and in
sustaining the land."
Avoiding future Mount Polley disasters will take a combination of will, knowledge, dedication,
an unbreakable bond with the land and an understanding of its significance to traditional culture.
Nathan Skubovius and the new generation of First Nations leaders will see to that. D
Scenery along the trail used
to travel around Mount Edziza.
Photo: Eric Saczuk/Space Hog Graphics
In which Hinda Avery, PhD'93, makes
a case for elderhood, activism, and
comics, just by being herself.
Hinda Avery disturbs the peace. She doesn't mean to. "The last thing
11 tryingto do," she says, "is offend anyone or be insensitive." She speaks
cerely, so it might be less a result of what she does than simply who she
a single, never-married-by-choice, happily child-free, vocal, 79-year-old
lical second-wave feminist activist, educator and philosopher, animal
Ifare activist and student, fine artist, comic book artist and filmmaker,
:ond-generation Holocaust survivor and Nazism resister. Oh, and she's
funny. It's a devastating combination.
She doesn't look like a troublemaker. Diminutive, simply dressed,
grey-haired and smiling, she is the very picture of retired respectability.
Which can make the F-bombs a bit of a shocker. In 2005, after decades in
academia, Avery launched a second career as an artist, initially as a way of
comprehending her family history. She painted the women in her mother's
R mediate family who'd been murdered inthe Nazi Holocaust of WWII,
ding in her mother, her sister, and herself. Overtime, no longer wanting
to see herself and her family as victims, she began to paint larger figures in
colours less typical of concentration camps than of the comics she'd loved
as a child. She gave the women voices- and guns. She called them warriors
and wonder women. She named
them the Rosen Resisterrrz, after c
,    , r     ,   ,_ ,, The switch trom tine art to
her mother s family. Eventually,
she added Der Ftihrer himself, thou9h seemingly regressi
and made him the victim - of her the action of a revolutionai
paintbrush. "I really like the idea of capacity to foment change
working with a different view of a global market share in th
the Holocaust," she says, "and readers and dollars, comic
using laughter and confidence as
„ „ ,   ,   , graphic novels are the too
a weapon. Come to think of it,
maybe it is what she does that gets
some folks riled up.
Not everyone was a fan. "Many members of the Jewish community...
didn't see this as something funny, didn't see [Hitler] as a cartoon
character," Avery says. "They felt this was too sensitive of a subject and
that I shouldn't be tackling him the way I did." Nevertheless, the Resisterrrz
appeared in galleries around the city, and Vancouver Courier editor Michael
The switch from fine art to cartoons,
though seemingly regressive, is in fac
the action of a revolutionary. In their
capacity to foment change, and with
a global market share in the billions of
readers and dollars, comics, manga, and
graphic novels are the tools of our time.
Kissinger made a film about her work called Hinda and Her Sisterrrz. "Smili
foul-mouthed, bikini-clad elderly women holding guns?" Kissinger says.
"I was sold." It became an official selection of the 2017 Jewish Film Festivals
in Toronto, San Francisco, Boston, Vancouver, and Victoria.
Andrea Van Noord, a University of Victoria Germanic and Slavic Studies
professor who has used Avery's artwork in her classes, says, "Typically
when you talk about Holocaust representation you [see a] natural
progression [over three generations] of taking more risks, being more
confrontational, more creative in how [artists] choose to talk about it.
With Hinda, you see ...three generations of thinking within a single body
of work. It's extraordinary."
Avery exhibits an instinctive intelligence in both her changing approach to
her subject matter and her use of humour as a form of resistance. Although
she has some regrets about choosing teaching over a career in art earlier in
her life, her power as an artist now is fired by her evolution as a woman,
a feminist, a philosopher, and a second-generation survivor. In othe
words, this art could only have emerged at this time. And given the
recent rise of neo-Nazism, Avery's timing is impeccable.
In Why Civil Resistance Works, Drs. Stephan
and Erica Chenoweth write that in over
toons. „     , ,
320 conflicts between 1900 and 2006,
nonviolent resistance was more than
twice as effective as violent resistance
id with in achieving change, and that humour
ij||jons of 'sa particularly powerful tool. In 2014,
r,-,^^,-,   -.^,-1 the German town of Wunsiedel turned
the annual neo-Nazi
pilgrimage to Rudolf
Hess'gravesite into
"Germany's most involuntary walkathon."
For every metre the neo-Nazis marched,
locals pledged 10 euros. A sign at the "finish
line" thanked marchers for their contribution
to the anti-Nazi cause - close to $12,000 USD
- amidst showers of rainbow confetti.
  hinda avery
"I'm obsessed with the
portrayal of women in
the media, which I think is
really very demeaning."
Personally, the Rosen Resistemz led Avery to some
measure of healing. Artistically, they led her to comic
books. She created Bayla's Issues, a series of underground
comics about an older Jewish woman who wants to be
a world-famous artist but struggles with inner demons, a lack
of confidence, and the ravages of age. "She's an anti-heroine," Avery says. "It's been
the opportunity to express darkness. There's no happy ending." The switch from fine
art to cartoons, though seemingly regressive, is in fact the action of a revolutionary.
In their capacity to foment change, and with a global market share in the billions of
readers and dollars, comics, manga, and graphic novels are the tools of our time.
Avery names Daniel Clowes and Robert Crumb as underground favourites.
"They're about one's inner lives," she says, speaking of their comics or perhaps of
her own, "and our struggles between our values and principles and our dark desires
and temptations. How much harm are we allowed?"
Avery has turned the basement of her early-icjoos wood-frame house into
a simple studio, and works in the mornings with CBC Radio 2 for company. She
chooses a topic and a layout, then begins to sketch. Graphic artist Tony Bosley, the
son of a close friend, scans the sketches and drops in the colour. "I have a terrible
time with the text," Avery says. "When I come up with the right punch line, it does
give me a chuckle. [But] there's a lot of pain in the jokes."
This time around, Avery is ready for the controversy. "Bayla's an older woman
with wrinkles," she points out. "We're not used to seeing images of women with
wrinkles. And the swear words. And they're not positive." But the underground
scene has been a welcoming space for women writers and artists, so although the
hyper-sexualization of young female characters is still predominant in comic book
imagery, the tide is turning.
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 She recalls the spirit of feminism's
second wave: "That feeling of finally,
finally we could be who we wanted...
of breaking out of the chains. In
those days, we thought the changes
would be vast and permanent."
Avery's comic book anti-heroine,
Bayla, is an elderly Jewish woman
who struggles with inner demons.
"I'm obsessed with the portrayal of women in the media," Avery says, "which I think is really very
demeaning." She has just seen Woman at War, an Icelandic film starring Halldora Geirharosdottir as
Halla, a 50-something choir director living a secret double life as an eco-activist. "It's a portrayal of
a woman one would never see coming out of Hollywood," she says. "It blew me away."
Avery has produced and directed two films herself, starred in a third, and is working now with
Michael Kissinger to turn Bayla into an animated short. Kissinger sees Bayla as a kind of Charlie
Brown figure, "if Charlie Brown was an elderly Jewish woman."
"I'll be glad if it happens in my lifetime!" Avery says, laughing. These are the jokes when you're 79.
Unlike Halla, Avery has never made a secret of her politics or her passions. "I discovered the women's
movement in the late 60s," she recalls. "I was a hippie. I remember reading Betty Friedan's book
[The Feminine Mystique] and just..." She uses her hands and arms to depict a descending cascade of
awareness. She recalls the spirit of feminism's second wave: "That feeling of finally,
finally we could be who we wanted... of breaking out of the chains. In those days,
we thought the changes would be vast and permanent." Avery marched after
Trump's election, and follows third- and fourth-wave feminist movements such as
#metoo and #timesup. "I have remained militant all these years," she says. But she
worries about women burning out. "These issues we were tackling in the sixties
and seventies we're still tackling today."
Ironically, one of feminism's biggest challenges today is infighting: mainstream
or liberal feminists pitted against radicals, celebrity icons and front-liners duking
it out for media real estate, and younger feminists jockeying for power and visibility against older
women who want to stay relevant in the movement they've dedicated their lives to. Unless and until
all feminist voices are heard, the only winner is the patriarchal status quo.
Avery was one of Vancouver's first teachers of women's studies. "It was a new discipline in those
days," she says. "Itwas an awakening. I recall several women [students] changing their lifestyles."
She also lectured on women's issues in architecture and urban planning, the subject of her PhD
dissertation, and produced an award-winning education program called "Environments for Girls
 A painting from the Rosen Resisterrrz series, which uses humour as a weapon
and Women: City Design from a Feminist Perspective." She says now, "I wanted - and want - a much more
gender-neutral place to be." The World Economic Forum's annual Global Gender Gap Report along with Price
Waterhouse Cooper's Women in Work Index pinpoint the best places in the world to be a woman. Iceland is
one. The country starts gender equality lessons in preschool, protects women's equality in work with legislation,
outlaws gender discrimination in advertising, schoolbooks, and the workplace, mandates gender equity in
corporations and on boards, has made the profiting from sexual exploitation illegal, has a Ministry of Gender
Equality in its government, and offers the best parental leave policy in the world. As of 2018, Canada ranked
16th on the list, and the US 51st.
Avery's Rosen Resisterrrz canvases are rolled and stored in plastic sleeves in her studio, and her new animation
is in Michael Kissinger's hands for now. What is next? "I don't know," she says. "I'm kind of lost." Avery has just
"Smiling, foul-mouthed, bikini-clad elderly women holding guns? I was sold."
- filmmaker and Vancouver Courier editor Michael Kissinger on deciding to make a documentary about Avery's work.
completed a fourth-year course in
UBC's world-renowned animal welfare
program entitled, "Animal Welfare and
the Ethics of Laboratory Animal Use."
The course looks at public concern
for animal suffering, debate about the
benefits of the research, concern over
the genetic modification of animals,
and the capacity of animals to sense
and express pain. "It's been traumatic,"
Avery admits. "I feel like I'm sitting in
a Holocaust Studies course. I think my
history is the reason I'm involved in
animal rights and animal advocacy."
A trustee of the BC Foundation for
Non-Animal Research, Avery is not
the first to draw comparisons between
the treatment of Jews by Nazis during
the Holocaust and the daily treatment
of factory farm and research animals
worldwide. It's a controversial stance
that the Anti-Defamation League
(ADL) and others have criticized as
anti-Semitic. But proponents say the
parallels are less about the victims
than the perpetrators, and the arbitrary
distinctions that allow us to value
certain lives over others. Parallels or
no, when 95 per cent of the drugs
tested on animals now fail
"\    in human clinical trials,
we have to ask: How
N WILL BOWL./   much harm, indeed?
These days, Avery
feels keenly the limitations
on her time and her energy.
She could choose dotage over conscious
elderhood. Peace over continued
political action. Except that such choices
would require her to be someone other
than who she has become. Audre Lorde
(1934-1992), an American feminist and
civil rights activist and a contemporary
of Avery's, said, "I am not free when
any woman is unfree, even when her
shackles are very different from my
own." It's a good bet that until everyone
has a measure of peace - humans,
animals, and Earth alike - Hinda Avery
will keep on disturbing ours. D
FEB. 19-26, 2020
Led by B.C. naturalist Catherine Jardine
A™  "- - MAY 4, 2020
Persepolis with UBC lecturer
Paula Swart, Oct. 2018
Patagonia with iiar
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' NOV. 4-13, 2020
* \Jffk
led by UBC coach and
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• Best value in educational travel
• Meaningful local experiences
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• Expert UBC study leaders
See our complete list of tours
and their detailed itineraries at:
Or call 1-800-387-1483 to receive
your complimentary catalogue
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Thorp worked on the 9/11 memorial, ensuring
that the names of those lost were arranged to
t   reflect the relationships between them.
(AP Photo/Craig Ruf f te>
■h \
Data artist Jer Thorp
speaks out against the
monopoly and misuse
of our data.
Jer Thorp.
Photo: Ken Tisuthiwongse
>'   <■ -   /  /
-   Detail from Thorp's visualization showing
the most frequently mentioned organizations and
individuals in New York Times articles published
in 2009, and the connections between them.
He created a similar graphic for every year from
1984 to 2009. (flickr.com/people/blprnt/)
At the corner of Greenwich and Fulton in New York City, 2,983 names are arranged around two
square reflecting pools, the footprints of the World Trade Center. Permanently etched in bronze
parapets, the names are a public list of those lost in the 1993 and 2001 attacks.
But it is more than a list. As well as preserving their names, the memorial also preserves their
relationships. Visual data artist Jer Thorp worked with designers to produce an algorithm and
a software tool that would arrange the names according to nearly 1,500 "meaningful adjacency"
requests made by next-of-kin.
Family sits with family. Friend next to friend. Officemates, flight crews, first responders -
memorialized not just for who they were, but for what they meant to each other. We think of social
networks as something fluid and constantly changing, with much of the machinery whirring behind
the scenes. But the 9/11 memorial is a static network, a freeze-frame of relationships at a single
moment in history.
Though this is one of his best known and most personally affecting creations, Thorp had already
been working for years as a data artist, creating visual representations of massive and complex
data sets and organizing the information to give it the context of a narrative. His projects ranged from
tracking the sharing activity of New York Times readers over social media to representing each and
every person in the UK's National DNA Database - 4.5 million in all - in a single graphic organized
by race, age, and criminal record.
"By placing data into a human context, it gains meaning," Thorp told a TedxVancouver crowd in
2009. "Because it automatically builds empathy for people involved in these systems, and that turns
into a fundamental respect."
But within a few years of the memorial project, he gradually came to challenge his own medium,
worried about the false sense of objectivity the data engendered and the increasing impact that the
owners of that data had on our daily lives.
"I think in the beginning it was easy to take a data set that you downloaded from the web and do
some clever things with it without being critical about where that data came from, who recorded
it, and why, and what are the politics of the data," he says. "Visualization was the way that I got
into the subject of data, but since then I've been pretty skeptical about it. Most of the work that I've
done for the last four or five years has been thinking about other methods that can be used to both
communicate data and to find agency with data."
Now a proponent of "data humanism," Thorp speaks out against the monopoly and misuse of our
data, empowering users to reclaim the agency of their own information.
Born in Edmonton, Thorp grew up in Tsawwassen, BC, entering UBC in 1993 to study cell biology
and genetics. But like many tech entrepreneurs on the edge of the Silicon Valley boom, he found his
pursuits outside the classroom more rewarding. He left the school in his last term, working for a few
years at the Vancouver Aquarium before eventually pursuing a freelance career developing websites
and experimenting with visual tools that would help him understand complex systems.
"I went from a web developer who would do weird internet art on the side to being a weird internet
artist that would do web development on the side," he says.
It was a slow transformation. Though his early work was focused on the aesthetics of visualized
systems, he soon started noticing how these systems had political and social questions baked into
them. A series of projects based on New York Times content, for example, examined the inverse ratio
between mentions of "communism" and "terrorism" over a nearly 30 year period; the frequency of
the words "hope" and "crisis" over the same period; and the intricate connections between people
and organizations mentioned in a year's worth of content, represented in a single graphic.
As the reach of social media grew, taking an increasingly central role in data collection, Twitter
and Facebook gave him an even greater palette to draw from. In 2009, he collected tweets that
included the words "just landed" to plot the travel patterns of social media users. Soon after, he
created a 3D model of people around the world tweeting "Good Morning," colour-coded to reflect
what time they got up.
Essentially, he was collecting our stories - taking discrete bits of information and building them
into structures to form individual and collective histories. Some of these projects were for clients,
others in collaboration with his partners at the (now closed) Office for Creative Research, and
some just for fun, an exploration of this new frontier of collected personal data.
big dat
"This idea of using narrative to frame our way through a complex data set is something that
we've done over and over and over again," he said in a recent fellowship speech at the Library of
Congress. "Because I think it does give us a chance to investigate the things that are otherwise
really difficult to investigate. So I believe that if aliens were to touch down today and try to
understand our culture, they would look towards these gigantic data sets."
But the more Thorp immersed himself in the stories behind the data, the more wary
he became of its objectivity. He began looking at how the data was manifested in the
first place, the conditions that led to its creation, how to be critical about what is
missing as much as what is shown, "to try to throw a wrench into this belief the
data can be objective."
"In my own work, I've been really aware of how am I reinforcing the messages that
come from Silicon Valley and the powers that be, the narratives of what we can and
can't do with data," he says. "We need to be thinking about different mechanisms.
—So fnr me that's meant building projects that are more participatory, that don't
depend on technology as much."
Among his most impactful projects was one he credits for fueling his
transformation from data artist to data humanist: the St. Louis Map Room,
a 2017 collaborative mapping experience that took him a decade to realize.
Over the course of a month, 29 different groups occupied a vacant school
gymnasium to hand-draw 100-square-foot maps of their neighbourhoods
from their perspectives as residents. Community organizations drew
data they had collected by hand - bike traffic, gardens, churches, food
banks. Students drew their routes to school, noting which were safe and
which were dangerous.
Each group then got to see official city data projected onto their map,
from bus lines to poverty statistics, confirming or challenging discrepancies
between civic data and lived experience. For the first time, locals could see
how they were represented, and misrepresented, in the official numbers.
"If mapping is a source of power," Thorp wrote of the project, "each
mapper claimed some of it by making maps of their community that
reflected them as they are, or that communicated what
they'd like them to be."
While Thorp admits that part of this new phase of his
work was to provoke, his real interest was in providing
people with experiences that give them a sense of agency.
All cities have some form of portal that allows citizens to
see their collective data, but most residents can't access or
organize this information in any meaningful way.
"What the Map Room does is it gives people a mechanism
in which they can feel like they have a way not only to find
value from that data so they can understand things
iV j_|__j_ • .c about their city that they maybe didn't understand
-^l-:^^^    ...^^^    j-«    j-«..^u  before," he says, "but that they can find ways to
aliens were to touch       \,   /' \ y.t
, j -|-nHa\/      ar\r\      j-rx/ critiquethat data,and tocome backtothecity and
Vq understand ~. jysaythattheyfeellikethestorythatiswrapped
-nlti iro     '   fho\/     u/ni il H  arour|d their lived experience is not being accurately
lOOk       tOWardS       these -presented in that data/'
giganticViata  sets."    Wlthplans*[Z    t0otherCltiesoverthfe
0   ° commevears.theMaD Room Droiect isone of
Detail from Thorp's visualization of
the frequency of the words "hope" and
> "crisis" in the New York Times, between
1981 and 2009. The word "crisis" has
surpassed "hope" on only a handful
of occasions, (flickr.com/people/blprnt/)
represented in that data."
With plans to expand to other cities over the
coming years, the Map Room project is one of
a growing number of tools openingthe door forthe
disenfranchised to access and understand their
community data and how it is being used.
But Thorp is out to slay an even larger beast.
As much as social media has provided a boon
 AS   mUCh   aS   SOCial   media   haS   provided  -^«^™wnatresourc
3      bOOn     Of     raw     data     tO     Study     and  80'"totheirtransportation choicesc
make   art   out   of   our   public \-jVes,timizT,    ,   pan
it    has    also    fuelled    the    growth w t" 71"   yT
of    surveillance    capitalism    -    the    1-'^'°°^ openpaths
P„-„ „.i_ • „^        ^£       d-:^.       r\~-i-~        ..r.-X*~       ^. ,„. gave users the option of donating
ractice    of    Big    Data    using    ourf, . ,1± ,      ,      ,.
information   to   classify  us,   pfedicttheirdata\°researche"'w  ,
our  habits,   and  sell us  products.     -p-p°se't for the Pubi,c good ,n
of raw data to study and make art out of our public lives, it has also fuelled the growth of
surveillance capitalism -the practice of Big Data using our information to classify us, predict
our habits, and sell us products.
Data Humanism is partly a response to this threat -designing data systems for the well-being
of the people from whom it was taken and providing them with mechanisms for feedback.
Thorp and other data humanists
believeweshoulddomoretohonour As much ^ soc-jal media ha<
the complexity of individual and g      boon     Qf     rgw     ^^     ^Q     ,
community realities, so we can create    mgke     ^^     Qut     Qf     Qur b
rea  functioning data publics it       hgs       alsQ       fueUed    Kth
Wha,sit like to live ,n data? Qf      surveiUance       capital^
Thorp asked in his ibrary of Congress pract-jce Qf B-jg [Jata I
address^ It sucks. I don t mean that fnformat-jon to claSSl'fy U<
only in the pejorative, I also mean that Qur hab-jts and seU Js p
it s like a gigantic vacuum cleaner. '
We are the subject of extraction..The
word collection or the word gathering are these neat and polite ways to describe something that
I think is a little more violent. We're scraping and abstracting and mining data from individuals."
In other words, our social habits, dutifully recorded on our devices and sold to third-party
vendors, are beingtracked and monetized. We are being used by advertisers - most of the
machinery surrounding our data exists to place ads in our web browsers.
But it's not the collection of information that's having a chilling effect on our democracy. From
this data, advertisers build tightly focused demographic profiles and make decisions that have
a direct impact on our lives-the level to which we can be insured, the type of health insurance
we're being presented with, the credit cards we're being offered.
Thorp believes we can change this practice, that we can return data agency to the first party:
Us. In 2015 he co-founded Floodwatch, a Chrome browser extension that tracks the ads a user
sees on the internet and helps them understand how their information is being used to build
their online identities. The information is also sent to researchers, who can use the data to track
discriminatory advertising practices- something easy to spot in traditional marketing venues,
The St. Louis Map Room project involved participants
.hand-drawing maps of their neighbourhoods from
their perspectives as residents.
but much harder to see online where ads are targeted
towards individual users.
Thorp had previously helped design Openpaths,
a secure data locker for smartphones that takes the
location data a phone generates and translates it into
useable information for the owner.
c-i ri p-       our gaVe users tne °Ption of donating
_ *"    _~ 1 • _j_ their data to researchers, who could
areas such as epidemiology, disaster
response, and urban planning. But at
its most basic, Openpaths was about empowering the
user to form a relationship with their data in a way that
made sensetothem.
"Data visualization as a medium is something
that's sort of born out of the hard sciences, and as
a result I think the ways that we typically try to visually
communicate data are exclusionary," says Thorp. "They
don't speak to a ton of people, so the work that I've been
invested in the last part of my career has really been
about trying to bring data into public space, trying to get
the language that we use to communicate data out of
charts and graphs, into some types of communication
that are maybe friendly and a little bit different than
what we expect from visualization."
His work has not gone unnoticed. In addition to
his recently completed residency at the Library of
Congress, Thorp has spoken at venues ranging from
New York's Museum of Modern Art to NASA's Jet
Propulsion Laboratory, and his work has been seen
in publications as varied as Scientific American, the
New Yorker, WIRED, and the Harvard Business Review.
He has been recognized as a National Geographic
Explorer and a Rockefeller Fellow, and in 2015 was
named by Canadian Geographic as one of Canada's
Greatest Explorers.
Currently an adjunct professor at NYU, Thorp is
publishing his first book next year - Living in Data -
detailing how we got where we are with data, the work
he and other disrupters are doing around surveillance
capitalism, and a road map about how we might achieve
something better.
"I think it's important to understand that we've gotten
to where we've gotten to very quickly," he says. "So any
idea that we might have that this path we're on has any
kind of permanence I think is a myth that certain parties
would like us to believe. I do think we still have some
power to plot out what our future might look like." D
 the big picture
Last September, UBC's Earth Sciences building gained a 13-metre-long occupant
when the cast of an Elasmosaurus skeleton was suspended in the glass atrium as
a permanent installation of the Pacific Museum of Earth. (The museum already
houses a Lambeosaurus skeleton — a duck-billed, hooded dinosaur — and Canada's
largest blue whale skeleton is installed at UBC's Beaty Biodiversity Museum.)
In case your Elasmosaurus knowledge is spotty, here are a few facts you can
casually drop into your next conversation about Late Cretaceous creatures:
•   The Elasmosaurus was a plesiosaur (a marine reptile), not a dinosaur.
They lived in North America during the La1"'" rrrtoi-mm nrr\nA sn million w,r
alongside the dinosaurs.
Elasmosaurs likely inhabited the Western Interior Seaway, a continental sea covering central
North America at the time.
Elasmosaurs have BC roots as well. The first specimen found west of the Canadian Rockies
was discovered in 1988 in shale off the Puntledge River, near Courtenay.
The PME's replica skeleton measures 13 metres long, with more than half of that length
taken up by neck.
The length and weight of an Elasmosaurus' neck would place the giant reptile's centre of
gravity far back behind its flippers, limiting its ability to raise its head too far out of the water.
Only one confirmed complete Elasmosaurus skeleton has been discovered.
The Canadian Museum of Nature in Ottawa also features a replica plesiosaur skeleton.
a,sense o;
<e to ignite
in .visitf
Kirsten Hodge
Director of the PME
* * t*
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UBC Applied Science
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 /-   +«fi,l for UBC profs l/te Ew% ^tos
Afei M//i/? alumnus Ryan Beedie, MBA'93,
who has established the Beedie
Luminaries Scholarship Program and
pledged $S0M to help remove financial
barriers to a university education.
Welcomed former Ohio Qovernor
John ICasich (third from left) to UBC,
who gave a presentation as part of
the OBC Connects speaker series.
Heard about the #MeToo movement from
founder Tarana Burke, who visited UBC
as part of the UBC Connects speaker series.
Impressed by UBC student
John Michael ICoffi, who at the
age of 20 has published a book
about his experiences as a refugee
(R.EFU6iE~E: The Journey Much t>esired).
 , j nr Jacauelym Cragg,
Congratu\ffJf^ with the
postdoctoral fe\m
International C°»""     ) at UBC
Repair »i^eriel%UJ0„e of the
Met these future UBC STEM students,
who have already demonstrated excellence
in academics and community leadership.
Trek Online video series:
Ask Santa!
What makes Professor Ono proud of
UBC? What challenges is UBC facing?
How can alumni be involved?
 Adventures in Mainland China
In 1983, 22 students from the UBC Department of
Geography, led by professor Marwyn Samuels and
accompanied by two professors of Asian Studies,
embarked on a six-week adventure through Mainland
China that would change the way they viewed the world.
China had only recently opened its doors to visitors
after years of Cultural Revolution, and this was the first
inter-departmental exchange between Peking University
and any university in the West.
"In taking this trip, I had hoped to learn about
another world - how a culture so completely different
than ourselves lives - and discover China's history and
geography," says participant Allison Jordan, BA'83,
"but I mainly wanted to learn and understand myself."
After spending time exploring Beijing, their journey
took them across thousands of kilometres. "We toured
by bus and train," recalls Jordan. "It was like travelling
back in time a couple of centuries. The countryside was
very agrarian and contained few roads. All buildings
were similar - a stark contrast to the beauty of Beijing's
temples and gardens."
Despite the warmth and hospitality of their Chinese
hosts, Jordan says she and her classmates were often
taken aback by the cultural differences they encountered
throughout the trip. Their ever-present guide
ensured that they only travelled to approved
areas. While dining at a restaurant, she recalls
an employee joining them in a singalong of Swing
Low, Sweet Chariot, but being reprimanded
by her supervisor because the song was too
religious. Another time, workers accompanied
them for lunch at the Shisanling Tombs, but
quickly excused themselves "out of fear that we
foreigners may have too much influence on them."
Even in an academic setting, only half of Peking
University's 40 professors of geography were
permitted to interact with the UBC students.
"The differences in culture opened our eyes
to a new world and the differences in the level
of freedom," Jordan says, "and we realized
how blessed we are to be living in a democratic
country." Her experiences on the trip - both
positive and less so - left a lasting impression.
"I've encouraged my kids and their schools to get
involved with a group called Me to We, which
encourages kids to volunteer on a local and global
level and to understand different cultures and
diversity with all walks of life."
In summer 2018, several participants from
the trip reunited in Vancouver to celebrate its
35th anniversary. "As a group, we felt like a family.
At the [reunion], we felt like kindred spirits and
the years in between just vanished."
Reunion in Vancouver, BC. From left around the table
(clockwise): Charles Tremewen, Rita Tremewen,
Christophe Sonnendrucker, Cathy Tremewen, Doug
Marshall, Susan Bennett, Professor Dick Copley,
Professor Peter Rowbotham, Cathy Moore, Allison
Jordan, Mike Lucas, Gary Koch.
?•       >
What have you been up to lately?
Share your latest adventures, unique
stories, milestones, and journeys with
fellow alumni in Class Acts. Don't be
shy. You're a member of alumni UBC -
you've got bragging rights.
If your submission includes
photos, please ensure they are
as high-resolution as possible.
Submissions should not exceed
750 characters (about 200 words),
and may be edited for length
and clarity where necessary,
Author and lighthouse keeper Caroline
Woodward, BA'74, and renowned
Salt Spring Island artist Carol Evans
have collaborated on a picture book
for children. Published in September
2018, A West Coast Summer (Harbour
Publishing) pairs two dozen of Evans'
wonderful watercolours
with a lilting, rhyming
story by Woodward.
It tells of a timeless
and idyllic season
where "Sea salt in the
air floats everywhere
/and cedars smell
so sweet beside the
shore." Children race
bikes along sand
flats, search under
 History Keepers of the Kootenays
The City of Nelson and its Cultural Development Committee recently
presented Nelson couple Frances Welwood, BA'64, BLS'66, and Ron Welwood,
BA'66, BLS'67, with a special citation in recognition of their lifetime work
preserving, documenting and promoting Nelson's history.
Ron sat on the city's heritage committee for almost 20 years, wrote
numerous articles on Nelson for British Columbia History, and compiled
three brochures to help facilitate self-guided tours around the city: Walking;
Motoring; and Cemetery.
After arriving in Nelson in 1969, Ron became immersed in the area's
storied past. As librarian at Notre Dame University of Nelson and David
Thompson University, he realized that print and non-print resources on the
region were not being collected and preserved in a central location. Taking
it upon himself, he began to amass a collection of "Kootenaiana."
When David Thompson University closed in 1984, this inventory was
transferred to the Nelson Public Library and the Nelson Museum Historical
Society, and Ron continued to collect as the librarian at Selkirk College from
1984 to 2000. Still accessible, these collections continue to be a valuable
resource for researchers.
Frances was on the board of directors of the Nelson and District Museum,
Archives, Art Gallery and Historical Society (Touchstones Nelson Museum)
for over 20 years, and is an accomplished historian, writing many articles
for British Columbia History and local news media.
In the early 1990s, she began to research the life of Annie Garland Foster
Nelson Museum exhibition. An early graduate of the University of
logs and in tide pools for tiny creatures, jig at the dock for herring, dance at
a totem-raising ceremony, pick berries, make memories, and leave footprints
in the sand. ■ Gordon Butt, BSC'76, has recently retired after 38 years in
the environmental sector. He established his consulting firm - Madrone
Environmental Services Ltd. - in 1988, which has since hired numerous UBC
graduates. Gordon still remembers the day he spent walking around campus
at the beginning of his second year, wondering in which department he
should enroll. A chance visit to the Geography Department sealed his fate,
and his UBC education has served him well ever since. His career has led
him to some of the most beautiful places in BC, as well as to far-flung locales
such as Malaysia, Thailand, the UK, and (now) Tanzania.
Kenneth Johnson, BASc'8% MASc'86, was the proud recipient of three
prestigious engineering awards in 2018. A distinguished and highly
experienced engineer with expertise in cold regions, Ken was elected a Fellow
to the Canadian Academy of Engineering for his substantial contributions to
engineering in Canada. Notable amongthem is his continuous effort over
the past 30 years to improve the quality of life in cold regions through the
engineering of water and sanitation systems. Ken also received the Can-Am
Amity Award from the American Society of Civil Engineers for his work in
advancing relationships between engineers in Alaska and Canada; and the
Canadian Society of Civil Engineering History Award.     Allan Baker, BSc
Pharm'82, RPh, was named the 2018 Canadian Compounding Pharmacist of
the Year by the Professional Compounding Centers of America (PCCA)
Canada chapter in recognition of the lasting impact he has had on his
community, patients, and colleagues. After working in a national chain
New Brunswick, Garland Foster was the first woman elected to Nelson
City Council in 1920. Frances spent nearly two decades painstakingly
researching and gathering details of this enigmatic woman's life,
publishing a full-length biography of Garland Foster, Passing Through
Missing Pages, in 2011.
Both Ron and Frances are active volunteers, leading walking tours that
showcase Nelson's history to both locals and visitors. For almost 30 years,
they have regularly attended the British Columbia Historical Federation
conferences as Touchstones delegates, enthusiastically promoting t
city and its vibrant culture and history.
The Taming of the Shrew
Andrew McNee
& Jennifer Lines
Photo: Emily Cooper
5 the
Explore your giving options with our professional gift planning team.
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support UBC
 after graduation, Allan - a second-generation pharmacist - wanted to become an independent
pharmacy owner like his father. He went on to found Macdonald's Prescriptions in Vancouver,
which he has proudly owned and operated since 1992.     Bruce Butler, BSc'83, has released his
second book, Into the Labyrinth: The Making of a Modern-Day Theseus. It tells the story of Project
Spinnaker, a Canada-US defence research project begun near the end of the Cold War and
intended to give Canada the capability to monitor Soviet submarine traffic in its Arctic waters.
The star of the project was Theseus, a massive autonomous underwater vehicle developed by
a BC-based subsea engineering company for the sole purpose of laying cable in ice-covered
waters. Drawing on his experiences as the vehicle's systems engineer, Butler describes how the
design team (mostly UBC graduates) overcame numerous technical obstacles before deploying
Theseus on its arctic mission off the northern coast of Ellesmere Island.     In his new book,
The Bulldog and the Helix: DNA and the Pursuit of Justice in a Frontier Town, author Shayne Morrow,
BFA'85,MFA'88, covers two landmark DNA investigations, both based on child sex slayings in Port
Alberni, BC. In 1977, the town was shaken by the brutal murder of 12-year-old Carolyn Lee, who
had been abducted while walking home from her dance class. Tragedy struck again in 1996,
when 11-year-old Jessica States disappeared while chasing foul balls at a local fast-pitch game,
her body later found beaten in the woods. At the time of States' murder, Morrow was working
as a reporter for the now-defunct Alberni Valley Times. His interest in forensic science led him to
cover the States case and relate it back to the Lee case, which had gone unsolved for years. In his
coverage, Morrow gained unprecedented access to the investigators and scientists who were on
the trail of both killers. Emerging DNA technology in the mid-1990s led to a renewed interest in
the Lee case and ultimately to the conviction of her killer in 1998. The technological mechanisms
put in place during that case would lay the groundwork for the capture of States' killer a year later.
The Bulldog and the Helix is a riveting portrait of a town rocked twice by the most heinous type of
crime imaginable and a community's unrelenting search for justice. ■ Drawing on 35 years of
experience, award-winning filmmaker and educator John Pozer, BA'86, has released his first book:
27st Century film Student PRIMER: Everything You Need to Know and Do Before You Go to Film School.
Geared towards helping students ensure that their investment in post-secondary film education
delivers the maximum possible return, Pozer's book lays out a practical approach for scholastic
achievement. He provides advice on how to build your voice, accomplish your best work, and
make the most out of your creative time and efforts.     Bestselling author Daniel Kalla, BSc'88,
MD'91, has released his new novel, We All Fall Down (Simon & Schuster Canada). When NATO
infectious diseases expert Alana Vaughn is urgently summoned to Genoa to
examine a critically ill patient, she's stunned to discover that the illness
is a recurrence of the Black Death. Alana soon suspects bioterrorism,
but her WHO counterpart, Byron Menke, disagrees. In their
desperate hunt to track down "patient zero," they stumble across
an 800-year-old monastery and a medieval journal that might
hold the secret to the present-day outbreak. With the lethal
disease spreading fast and no end in sight, it's a race against
time to uncover the truth before millions die.
Great Trekker
Michael Audain, OC, OBC (BA'62, BSW'63, MSW'65,
LLD'i4), chairman of Polygon Homes, is the recipient
of the 2019 Alma Mater Society's Great Trekker
Award. Initiated in 1950, the award honours a UBC
alumnus who has achieved eminence in their field,
made special contributions to the community, and
shown ongoing support of their alma mater.
On Friday, March 22, AMS President Marium
Hamid presented the award at the AMS All Presidents'
Dinner, an annual celebration to commemorate the
achievements of UBC's outstanding student leaders.
While he was a student in the 1960s, Audain displayed
the same spirit of leadership, as evidenced by his
passionate acceptance speech. He was founder and
president of the Nuclear Disarmament Club, led UBC's
student protests against nuclear arms, and co-founded
the BC Civil Liberties Association.
Audain is one of Canada's leading philanthropists
and chair of the Audain Foundation, which supports
the visual arts and wildlife conservation. He is an
officer of the Order of Canada and a member of the
Order of British Columbia. Audain continues to make
an extraordinary impact on his alma mater, where his
vision has helped enrich the UBC campus and make
a difference to the lives of students.
He established the Audain Graduate Fellowships
in Curatorial Studies and has supported UBC's
Audain Art Centre, the Audain Gallery at UBC's
Museum of Anthropology, and exhibitions and
contemporary art acquisitions at the university's
Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery. UBC's
Reconciliation Pole, which was raised in April 2017,
was jointly commissioned by the Audain Foundation
and UBC. Dr. Audain was also a member
of UBC's start an evolution Campaign
Cabinet from 2008 to 2015 and
served on the Faculty of Arts
Dean's Advisory Board
for many years.
Sandra M. Finch, DMD'91,
Sandra M. Finch, DMD'91 has achieved American Academy
of Cosmetic Dentistry (AACD) Accreditation. Achieving
accredited status requires dedication to continuing education,
AMS president
Marium Hamid
Dr. Michael
Audain with the
2019 Great
Trekker Award
in March.
 careful adherence to protocol, and a resolve to produce
exceptional dentistry. Sandra is only one of 456 dentists
and laboratory ceramists worldwide who have achieved
Accredited Member status. Moreover, she is the first
female dentist in BC and one of fewer than 20 in Canada to
realize this goal. She pursued the accreditation for over
10 years while managing her busy practice and growing
family demands - a real demonstration of her tenacity
and spirit! Her family (personal and professional) are
all proud of her accomplishment.    Todd Tubutis,
MA'98, has been named director of the Art Museum of
West Virginia University in Morgantown, WV. He was
previously associate director of the Sheldon Museum of
Art at the University of Nebraska-Lincoln. In his new role,
Tubutis hopes to build on progress towards establishing
the museum as a vibrant cultural hubforthe WVU
campus and community.
Last November, Shannon Foster, BSc'03, was recognized with the 2018 Leadership Award for
Women in Technology from the association of Applied Science Technologists and Technicians
of BC (ASTTBC). This award honours a woman who, as an ASTTBC member, has distinguished
herself in her field of technology and has demonstrated leadership by serving as a role model
and promoter of careers in technology. Shannon's personal mission is to build a support
network among women in technology to help retain talent in the industry. In pursuing it, she has
enthusiastically demonstrated leadership and mentorship in the BCIT Women in Engineering
Club. She also initiated a series of pub nights for female technologists in multiple cities across BC.
Shannon works as a civil engineering technologist for Urban Systems Ltd., and is based remotely
out of Revelstoke, BC. She works alongside engineers to deliver civil design and construction
projects for municipalities, First Nation communities, and land development clients.     Troy
Wong, BCom'07, recently received the Emerging Leader Award from the Chartered Professional
Accountants of Ontario (CPA Ontario). This award recognizes exceptional achievement by CPAs
under 34 years of age who are regarded by their peers as leaders committed to innovation,
impactful contribution, and social responsibility. Troy co-founded Neptune Dash Technologies
Corp., the world's first publicly traded blockchain masternode company, which raised $23.1 million
UBC Diploma in
Accounting Program
"The decision to pursue an accounting career through U.
was an easy one. Not only does the program offer students flexibility
by providing evening classes, DAP's strong value in diversity and
strengthening communities align with my own values as well."
Tina Ma
BSc (SFU), UBC DAP Student
Find out how to put your career aspirations into action at sauder.ubcca/dap
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in its first year and is one of the top-ten publicly traded blockchain companies
in Canada.     After various roles in Asia and a Master of Advanced
Management degree from Yale University, Arun Adhikary, MBA'09, is now the
senior director of the Carlsberg Group in USA and Mexico.     Pearl E. Gregor,
PhD'09, has released /, the Woman, Planted the Tree: A Journey through Dreams
of the Feminine, the first book in her Dreams Along the Way series. This
memoir chronicles her harrowing journey through clinical depression with
no relief from talk therapy, the medical establishment, pharmaceuticals, or
conventional religion. She shows the tumultuous process of the descent to
the unconscious and the slow process of individuation through meditation,
dreams, and alternative therapies. The book is well-footnoted for additional
reading in Jungian and feminist theory, women's history, consciousness
studies, and more. Her dissertation at UBC was The Apple and the Talking
Snake: Feminist Dream Reading and the Subjunctive Curriculum. • For the
last two years, Preeti Adhikary, MBA'10, has been working as the VP of
Marketing at Fusemachines Inc., an artificial intelligence company based
in New York City.
stofties OF ft AG£
Jaimie Boyd, MA'io, was recently named one of the top 20 most influential
young people in government. The 2018 ranking by UK-based Apolitical
listed 100 future leaders, aged 35 or below, making a mark on government
and public policy around the world. As director of Open Government in the
Government of Canada, Jaimie leads a team that works to make government
more transparent, accountable, and participative.     Aarondeep S. Bains,
BA'n, was recently appointed to two positions: president of the South Asian
Bar Association (SABA), Toronto Branch - the largest diverse bar association
in Canada (Aaron is the youngest appointee in the history of the association);
and member of the Committee of Management of the St. George's Society
of Toronto, one of the oldest charities in Canada. Aaron currently works
as a Capital Markets lawyer at Aird & Berlis in Toronto.     Emilia Nielsen,
PhD'13, has recently published her scholarly text, Disrupting Breast Cancer
Narratives: Stories of Rage and Repair, with the University of Toronto Press. Her
debut book of poetry, Surge Narrows (Leaf Press, 2013), was a finalist for the
League of Canadian Poets' Gerald Lampert Memorial Award. Its follow-up,
Get qualified f <
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 class acts
In 2016, the government of Colombia signed a peace
agreement with the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias
de Colombia (FARC), the country's largest guerilla group.
After more than 50 years of armed conflict, many hoped
that Colombia could move past its reliance on the drug
trade to fuel its national economy.
According to studies from the United Nations Office
on Drugs and Crime, however, the amount of Colombian
land used to grow coca leaf - the plant used to make
cocaine - has been steadily rising by about 45 per cent
per year since 2013, reaching 422,550 acres by the
end of 2017. This is in spite of the government's ongoing campaign of crop eradication and a program
established by the peace treaty to pay farmers for voluntarily giving up coca production and switching
their crops to cacao. When approximately 73 per cent of the nation's cacao farmers live below the
poverty line, it can be difficult to convince coca producers to face the financial risks that come from
giving up the lucrative plant, despite its illegality.
One group hoping to change this is Montreal-based startup Choco4Peace, which recently recruited
Matt Whiteman, BA'09, MA'15, to serve as manager of Partnerships and Growth. Choco4Peace uses
blockchain technology to connect producers directly with stakeholders in the cacao industry, providing
farmers with access to broader markets, fair prices, increased investment, and better equipment.
The Choco4Peace platform emphasizes transparency and traceability, helping to build trust and
mitigate risk for producer and investor, alike.
For Whiteman, joining Choco4Peace was a natural fit, both personally and professionally. As
a graduate student, his research focused on the ethics of engaging with vulnerable communities abroad.
This experience, including time spent in Eldoret, Kenya, gave Whiteman a unique perspective. "I had
gotten fed up with watching so many millions, billions, trillions of development dollars squandered
because [aid] organizations weren't able to properly respond to the communities they were working
with, or suffered from inefficiency, corruption, and circumstances beyond their control," he says. Enter
the emerging paradigm of the "social enterprise" - revenue-generating organizations with an emphasis
on achieving social, cultural, or community outcomes. "If you can put a market value on doing the right
thing," says Whiteman, "then that is really interesting to me."
At present, Choco4Peace are gathering seed funding to pilot their project and have secured support
- financial or otherwise - from a diverse group of investors and other stakeholders, including the Food
and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO), the World Bank, and the sitting president of
Colombia, Ivan Duque. They have also received expressions of interest in partnership from six cacao
associations in three regions of Colombia, representing about 600 farmers, and have pending buyers
ranging from airlines to universities and hospitals. To meet this demand in the short-term, Choco4Peace
have joined with a premium bean-to-bar chocolate maker in Montreal to produce small batches of
product using cacao purchased through their supply chain.
"I have always wanted what I do to matter - to feel real," says Whiteman. "I think about the world I want
to live in, and what I want my role to be in shaping that. What would I be satisfied with on my deathbed?"
Looking forward, he is optimistic about what Choco4Peace can help to achieve. "The potential for this
project to secure peace in a country plagued
by over 50 years of war, to lift people out of
poverty, to create environmental benefits -
that is irresistible to me."
Get more information at choco4peace.0rg.
Choco4Peace founder Sergio Figueredo
(5th from left) at a meeting with the Federation
National de Cacaoteros of Colombia
Body Work (Signature Editions, 2018), is
a finalist for the Lambda Literary Award for
Poetry - one of just a few Canadian finalists
for what is billed as "the most prestigious
LGBTQ book prize in the world." In 2018, she
joined York University's Health & Society
Program in the Department of Social Science
as a tenure-track assistant professor in Arts,
Medicine and Healing.     Since graduation,
Choi Duot Gak, BA'16, has published two
books on FriesenPress, both written under
his nickname Chol-wdwuok. From escaping
a massacre with his family to seeking
education in a Kenyan refugee camp, Angels
in Swollen Crises: Stepmother (2016) recounts
the author's experience as a child caught in
the maelstrom of the Second Sudanese Civil
War. Of Rags and Grades: Struggle of One (2018^
continues the story, documenting his tireless
efforts to escape the camp and find a better
future through education. Learn more at
cholwdwuokbooks.com. B
Governance and Nominating
Committee Seeks
The alumni UBC Governance/
Nominating Committee is seeking
recommendations of potential alumni
nominees to serve on the organization's
Board of Directors. In particular, the
committee seeks candidates who have
the skill sets and experience necessary
to effectively set strategic direction,
develop appropriate policies, and
ensure alumni UBC has the resources
necessary to effectively fulfill its
mission and vision. Preferred attributes
include: prior board experience in
the not-for-profit, government, or
corporate sector, and involvement with
the university.
Please send suggestions to
Shelina Esmail, Chair,
Governance & Nominating Committee,
c/o Tanya Walker,
Director, Alumni Engagement,
3rd floor - 6163 University Blvd,
Vancouver, BC, V6T1Z1
email: tanya.walker@ubc.ca
no laterthan June 14,2019
 Need help with information
management at your organization?
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you collect, organize, preserve, digitize
and make information available!
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Paid work opportunities
Students are available year-round for 4 or 8
month co-op work terms beginning in January,
May and September.
Professional experiences
Hands-on work, project based or independent
work (120 hours), and job shadow experiences.
Types of work for students
Archives & Records Management
Preservation & Digitization of Information
UX & Information Design
Information & Data Analysis
Library & Information Services
Information Systems
Qualitative & Quantitative Research
Information Policy
Hire a UBC iSchool graduate student for all your information needs.
Faculty of Arts
Contact Kevin Day, UBC iSchool Educational Services Coordinator
ischool.edsc@ubc.ca | 604-822-24611 slais.ubc.ca/hire
 V" ftf:e
James Brooking Brown, BA'40
Jim Brown, emeritus professor of experimental physics at the University of Kent (UK),
died in April 2018.
During WWII, Jim worked with the Royal Canadian Navy on degaussing ships and on
studying underwater sound, including trials of the hydrophone array on a captured German
U-885 submarine. He was demobilized in Scotland as electrical lieutenant RCNVR in October
1945, and began a doctorate in low temperature physics at the Clarendon Laboratory, Oxford,
shortly thereafter. Then, seeking adventure and the opportunity to explore, he went to Lingnan
University in Canton, China. His work on a new type of expansion liquefier to produce the first
liquid helium in Asia was interrupted by the arrival at his university of the advancing victorious
Red Army during the establishment of the Communist government. This was followed the next
year by the expulsion of Westerners, including Professor Brown. He used to happily regale
colleagues with stories of his time in China, of which he clearly had many fond memories.
He then spent two years on liquid helium research at the Royal Military College in Kingston,
Ontario. During the Korean war, he heard from former students on both sides of the conflict.
From Ontario he returned to BC, publishing work on liquid helium and superconducting thin films.
Arriving in Kent with the university's first undergraduates in 1965, Jim established the
Low Temperature Laboratory. With colleagues, he effected the first application of the quartz
microbalance to measure thickness of the helium film and measured the Bernoulli effect in the
flowing electronic fluid of a superconductor, as well as undertaking other work to elucidate
the contact potential of metals under stress. More recently, Jim had been a member of Kent's
Applied Optics Group and still attended meetings on campus in his 90s.
Jim used to visit the campus regularly after his retirement. He was popular with students,
with some of the "First 500" holding him in high regard and still in touch with him all these
years later. Staff found his warm and gentle approach to life of comfort, reminding them of the
good things in life.
George C. Anderson, BA'47, MA'49
George was born in Vancouver, BC. While studying at UBC, he spent
his summers contributing to the BC Game Department's research
on the trout in Paul Lake near Kamloops. Realizing that he was more
interested in the lake's ecosystem than in the fish themselves, he
enrolled at the University of Washington in 1949 for a PhD in zoology.
After completing his doctorate in 1954, George was offered a position
at the UW Department of Zoology to continue his research on lake
ecology. The same year, George met Harriett, with whom he would
share 47 years of marriage before her death in 2003. They had one son, who died young.
From the Department of Zoology, George moved to the Department of Oceanography,
where he spent the rest of his career. He became associate chairman in 1977, and, after the
formation of the College of Ocean and Fishery Sciences in 1980, was named director of the
School of Oceanography.
In 1971, George was invited to administer the Marine Science program for the US Atomic
Energy Commission in Washington, DC. Missing the Pacific Northwest, however, his family
returned to the West Coast after the year-long commitment was complete.
A year later, George was appointed as a part-time member of the Atomic Safety and
Licensing Board Panel, whose members hold the title of Administrative Judge. To better serve
these responsibilities, he attended the National Judicial College and earned a Certificate in
Judicial Writing. In the following 10 years, George sat on boards overseeing the construction
and operation of nuclear plants in several states across the US. After much of the licensing of
nuclear plants had been completed, he adjudicated other
cases - such as plant modifications, nuclear medicine,
and industrial radiography - before resigning from
the panel in 2005.
George took on other assignments throughout the
1970s, including his service on multiple ocean sciences
committees for the National Science Foundation, and
his roles as chair of the Advisory Committee for the
University National Oceanographic Laboratory System
and chief scientist of Deep Ocean Mining Environmental
Studies at the National Oceanic and Atmospheric
After selling his home in May 2005, George moved
to Issaquah, Washington, where he met and, in 2006,
married a lovely lady named Margaret. Sadly, she passed
away the following year.
Robert Albert Cox, BASc'47
July 22,1925 - October u, 2018
Bob passed away peacefully
in Richmond, BC, giving his
soul back to the Creator
at the age of 93.
He is survived by his
wife Susanna Heinrich-Cox,
after over 41 years in
unending eternal love; his children Priscilla, Elisabeth,
Grace, Joanna, and Stephen; step-children Richard
and Michelle; as well as many grandchildren and
An accomplished engineer, Bob graduated from
UBC with a Bachelor of Applied Science in Electrical
Engineering. He worked for BC Electric Ltd. (now
BC Hydro), BC International Engineering, Ltd.,
Columbia International Engineering, Ltd., and founded
ELICON - Electrical and Industrial Control Systems,
Ltd. - in 1975. There, he served as president of the
organization until his retirement in 2001. Bob was also
proud to serve on many membership boards within
the profession.
Bob was a man of varied interests. He enjoyed reading,
floor hockey, and boating, to name a few. Bob's greatest
interest, however, was his faith. From the age of 17,
Bob started reaching out to children, teaching them and
calling them toward God. At UBC, he was a key figure
in the Intervarsity Christian Fellowship Organization.
He was a great supporter of the Union Gospel Mission
until his final days, always enlisting friends to help him
with his volunteer work for the poor.
 Later in his life, Bob converted to Catholicism
and became a parishioner of Saints Peter and Paul
Roman Catholic Church in Vancouver. He found great
comfort, direction, and spiritual guidance from his
friend in Christ, Father John Horgan. Bob had finally
found what he felt was "home."
In 2008, along with Father John, Susanna and
Bob made the journey to the holy land under the
Foot Steps of Saint Paul Pilgrimage. He felt lifted
high into God's love on this journey, and it made
a powerful impact on his faith. Even on his deathbed,
Bob relived his incredible experiences with Father
Horgan and stated he was prepared and ready
to meet God face to face.
He was a well-respected man, loved by his large
extended family, his church family at Sts. Peter and
Paul, and all his friends both past and present. He
will be sadly missed and forever loved.
Harold J. Page, BASc'49
Born and raised in Victoria,
BC, Harold attended
Victoria College in
t 1944-45, then transferred
to UBC to study
electrical engineering.
His engineering career
spanned private industry,
utilities regulation, and executive roles within the BC
government. A dedicated PEng, his contributions
were recognized with a lifetime membership in
Engineers and Geoscientists of BC, Life Senior
Membership in IEEE, and induction as a Fellow of
the Engineering Institute of Canada. He also received
the Queen's Silver Jubilee Medal in recognition
of his worthy and devoted service to community
and profession.
A career highlight was serving as a BC delegate
to inter-provincial and federal-provincial working
groups that developed and negotiated constitutional
proposals that informed the Canadian Constitution
Act, 1982. Harold's principal contribution to these
efforts was on matters surrounding communication
In 1988, Harold received an Honorary Doctor of
Engineering degree from the University of Victoria for
his contributions to the establishment of the school's
Faculty of Engineering. Predeceased by his beloved
wife of 69 years, he leaves four daughters, four
grandchildren and four great-granddaughters. Harold
was an outstanding husband, father, professional,
and citizen. A true gentleman, his integrity,
competence, and kindness were widely recognized
and will be missed.
Gordon F. MacFarlane, BASc'50, LLD'gi
Gordon served during WWII as a pilot. Following the war, he attended
UBC and graduated in electrical engineering. He joined BCTEL, nowTELUS,
in 1950. In 1976, he became president of Automatic Electric in Brockville,
ON, returning to BCTEL in 1977 as chairman and CEO - positions he filled
until his retirement as CEO in 1990 and from the Board of Directors in 1997
One of Gordon's professional legacies was starting MPR (Microtel
Pacific Research), which became an important research hub for developing
electrical engineers and high tech CEO's in Western Canada.
Gordon served our community twice as chairman of the United Way of the Lower Mainland.
He also served on the Premier's Economic Advisory Council of BC, the Business Council on National
Issues, and on the boards of UBC, Simon Fraser, BCIT, the Bank of Nova Scotia, BC Gas, Air Canada,
and Fletcher Challenge.
He received the McNaughton Gold Medal Award in 1982 and the Professional Engineers
of BC's R. A. McLachlan Award in 1991, the same year he was appointed to the Order of
British Columbia.
Harvey Allen buckmaster, MA'52, PhD'56
April 8, ig2g - November 28,2018
Harvey was born in Calgary, AB, and died in Victoria, BC, on November 28,
2018. Predeceased by his first wife, Pat Wood, he is survived by his wife,
Margaret, and by his nephews and cousins and their families.
Harvey received degrees from the University of Alberta in mathematics
and physics (BSc.Hon'50) and UBC in both applied mathematics (MA'52) and
experimental physics (PhD'56). His post-doctorate took him to Cambridge
University. He later became a professor at the University of Alberta and
the University of Calgary, as well as an adjunct professor at the University of Victoria.
He played several leadership roles at the University of Calgary and was inducted into the Order of
the University of Calgary.
Gifted with a keen intellect and an endless sense of wonder and curiosity, Harvey saw the
natural world as full of mysteries to unravel and complex problems to be solved. His combination
of theoretical and experimental skills gave him a unique ability to function in both the academic
and non-academic worlds.
Anne Pomeroy Autor, BA'56, MSc'57, Professor Emerita
January 26, ig3S - November 13,2018
Dr. Anne P. Autor was born in Prince George, BC. As a student, she
received three degrees in biochemistry, including undergraduate and
master's degrees with honours from UBC and a PhD from Duke University.
After post-doctoral studies at the University of Michigan, her first faculty
appointment was at University of Iowa's Department of Pharmacology
in 1972. Dr. Autor returned to Vancouver in 1983, serving as professor of
pathology at UBC and clinical researcher at St. Paul's Hospital. She was
a visiting professor in research laboratories in the UK, Switzerland, and South Africa. After retirement
from UBC in 2000, she taught at Al Ain University in the United Arab Emirates and the Aga Khan
University in Karachi, Pakistan.
Dr. Autor authored numerous scientific treatises and published two books on the biochemical
mechanisms of oxygen toxicity. She opened the first DNA forensic lab in BC, working closely with the
RCMR She was active in many professional and civic organizations in the US and Canada, including
the UBC Faculty Senate, and served as an advisor to the BC Ministry of the Environment and two US
government agencies.
She is survived by son Kurt Autor of Wasilla, Alaska, and by son Erik, daughter-in-law Ariadne,
and grandsons Christian and Alec Autor of Falls Church, Virginia.
T 0 at horn
Congres chez vous
congres   congress 2019
Organized by the Federation for the Humanities and Social
Sciences and hosted by UBC, Congress 2019 will be a
dynamic meeting place for 73 scholarly associations. It
will offer a rich array of public programming, including
performances, exhibitions, and panels. Come home to UBC,
and join thousands of academics, students, and alumni
engaging with research in the humanities and social sciences.
We acknowledge that the UBC Point Grey campus is situated on the
traditional, ancestral, and unceded territory of the Musqueam people.
Organise par la Federation des sciences humaines et accueilli
par UBC, le Congres 2019 sera un lieu de rencontre dynamique
pour 73 associations savantes. II offrira une vaste gamme
de programmes publics, notamment des spectacles, des
expositions et des panels. Rentrez chez vous a UBC et joignez-
vous a des milliers d'universitaires et etudiants anciens et
actuels engages dans la recherche en sciences humaines.
Nous reconnaissons que le campus de UBC Point Grey est situe sur le
territoire traditionnel, ancestral et non cede du peuple Musqueam.
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 Mary Roma Rowlands, BPharm'56
Mary "Roma" Rowlands (nee Ranaghan) of
Madison, Wisconsin, passed away on December
23, 2018. She graduated from Convent of the
Sacred Heart High School, Vancouver. At UBC,
Roma belonged to Kappa Alpha Theta sorority and
the Players Club. After graduation, Roma worked
in drug stores in Prince Rupert and Powell River.
She married Bob Rowlands (UBC engineering
grad) in 1959 at Saints Peter and Paul Church, Vancouver. They moved
to Urbana, Illinois, then Chicago and subsequently Madison, Wisconsin.
Roma was licensed and practiced in BC, Illinois and Wisconsin. In 2003,
she joined a US medical team that visited rural Guatemala. The Rowlands
travelled throughout the former USSR, Europe, Australia, Istanbul, Taiwan,
Hong Kong, Indonesia, Singapore, the UK, Ireland, Finland and Nunavut
(Hudson Bay, Cornwallis, and Baffin Islands). Above all, Roma's prime
interest was her family. In addition to gardening, recent activities included
belonging to a bookclub and a grandmothers' exercise group. She is dearly
missed by her husband, Bob, of Madison, Wisconsin, and sons Philip of
Stoughton, Wisconsin, and Ted of Naperville, Illinois, and their children.
John K. Stager, Professor Emeritus
Born in Preston, ON, in 1928, John was
a quintessential geographer. His PhD thesis
was a classical historical geography of the
Mackenzie River Valley. He engaged in
fundamental permafrost research. Appointed
as professor at UBC in 1957, John was an
inspirational undergraduate teacher. His
teaching of the Introductory Physical Geography
course for 27 consecutive years was one of the foundation stones of the
Geography Department's reputation as a strong teaching department. He
also taught a Geography of the Canadian Arctic course for 23 consecutive
years, with passion.
John will be most remembered and admired as a consummate university
administrator. His six years as assistant dean in Graduate Studies (1969-75),
15 years as associate dean of Arts (1975-90), and overlapping period as director
of ceremonies (1984-89) were acknowledged by senior administrators as
exceptionally successful. He was a recipient of the President's Service Award
for Excellence. John was an exceptional colleague. He will be greatly missed.
James D. Jamieson, MD'6o
James passed away peacefully at age 84 in his
Guilford, Connecticut, home on October 22, 2018.
He was born in rural Canada (Armstrong,
BC) in 1934, and attended both college and
medical school at UBC. Jim continued his career
in science at the Rockefeller University, working
with George Palade - an emerging leader in the
then-new discipline of cell biology - and received
his doctorate degree in 1966. After doing post-doctoral work with Palade at
Rockefeller, Jim followed his mentor to Yale in 1973 to establish the Section
of Cell Biology, and served as chairman of the Department of Cell Biology
from 1983-1992. He was director of the MD-PhD training program for over
32 years. The concepts established by Jim's work continue to serve as
a fundamental paradigm of modern cellular biology.
He was elected to the presidency of the American Society for Cell Biology
(1982-1983), and received the Bohmfalk Prize for Basic Science Teaching
(1999) and Teacher of the Year Award (2005).
He was a beloved scientist, husband, and father who will be greatly missed.
May Brown, CM, OBC, MPE'61, LLD'87
Born in Hardisty, AB, in 1919 and raised in Surrey, BC, May Brown
became a significant and highly respected force in sport and outdoor
education in Canada.
She taught in the School of Physical Education (now the UBC School of
Kinesiology) from 1947 until 1955, returning in 1961 to complete her master's
degree in physical education. As the first hired coach for the UBC women's
field hockey team, May is remembered for instilling a sense of team loyalty
and accountability that continues to the present day. She was also a pioneer
in the promotion and organization of synchronized swimming in BC, coaching
some of UBC's young swimmers during the 1950s and '60s. Today, UBC's
coveted May Brown Trophy goes to the graduating female athlete of the
year. May was passionate about outdoor education and its role in supporting
active living for young people. She and her husband, UBC faculty member
Lome Brown, founded Camp Deka boys' camp in BC's interior, which they
directed for 15 years.
Beyond UBC, May had a distinguished political career, saying she was
motivated to join politics in part by the poor state of Vancouver's playing
fields. She was elected to the Vancouver Park Board and served as a city
councillor for 10 years. She also served on the boards of the YWCA, the
Canadian Camping Association, the National Advisory Council of Fitness
and Amateur Sport, Sport BC, the Vancouver Community Arts Council,
and the Victoria Commonwealth Games Society. Her support of women
in sport and public life earned her enormous respect and admiration.
May maintained strong and supportive connections with UBC athletics
and in 1987 received an honorary doctorate from the university. In 2000,
she received an alumni UBC Achievement Award and in 2007 was inducted
into the UBC Sports Hall of Fame. In 2012 she became the first woman
to receive the BC Sports Hall of Fame's W.A.C. Bennett Award for her
contributions to field hockey.
In 1986, May was appointed to the Order of Canada and in 1993 to the
Order of British Columbia. She died this March in Vancouver, aged 99.
Howard Douglas Colby, BSP'61
Doug passed away with his family at his side in
Vancouver's St. Paul's Hospital on August 8, 2018,
a few days after he was diagnosed with multiple
myeloma. He arrived at UBC from Edmonton in
1957 and graduated four years later with his degree
in pharmacy. He met his wife, Judy (BSP'65), while
they were students in the faculty. Doug's pharmacy
career included retail (Osoyoos Drug), computers
(Unidrug) and wholesale (Southwestern Drug). From pharmacy, he moved
on to renewable energy and served as a director of IPPBC (Independent
Power Producers of BC) for many years. He was predeceased by his parents
and younger son, Christopher. A celebration of Doug's life was held in North
Vancouver on September 29, 2018.
 ygg   Robert H.Lee
/   Alumni Centre
604 8221922
Unforgettable venues - for intimate gatherings or grand celebrations.
 Kenneth R. McMillan, BSc'6i, MSc'65
Ken McMillan, a recipient of two degrees from UBC in Science, passed away amongst family
on January 27, 2019. Ken was a microbiologist, food scientist, consultant, and entrepreneur.
He obtained his PhD in Microbiology in 1971 from the University of New England, Australia.
Originally from Trinidad, Ken immigrated to Canada to attend UBC. Ken worked for General
Foods in Cobourg, Ontario, and Toronto during the 1970s and 1980s, and then moved to
Kellogg's where he led a very successful career as the vice-president for Quality and Research
for Kellogg's Canada. When Kellogg's Canada shut down its locations, Ken moved on to run
a location of the Academy of Math and Science and, later, the Bookmark Learning Centre.
He also consulted at the Guelph Food Technology Centre, which enabled him to travel the
world while helping businesses ensure food quality and food safety. His travels took him to
Japan, Egypt, Europe, Jamaica, and Malaysia, among other locations. Ken was a family-oriented,
caring man who was very dedicated to his grandkids. He was an advisor and mentor to his
children. He will be forever loved and greatly missed.
Robert (Bob) George Thompson, BASc'6i
Bob passed away on October 28, 2018, in San Diego, California.
Born in Vancouver in 1938, he spent his childhood in the Bridge River
Valley of BC, as an outstanding student, avid curler, track star, and
a Queen Scout of Canada. At 16, he worked summers hauling freight
in his father's trucks over the mountains from Shalath to the mining
towns of Bralorne and Pioneer.
In 1961, he graduated in Mechanical Engineering from UBC and
married Betty Sell (BEdElem'64). They moved to Montreal, where
he began his career working on the PT6 gas turbine engine at Pratt & Whitney Canada. They
enjoyed the friendship of many other UBC graduates based in the city, and Bob continued his
studies to earn a graduate diploma from McGill University.
In 1969, Bob took an opportunity to work in California and live 1,500 miles closer to
his and Betty's parents in BC. By this time, they had two sons (Ronald and David) and
a daughter (Willow).
Bob worked for several engineering firms in California and participated wholeheartedly in his
community, becoming a commissioner for the American Youth Soccer Association, a volunteer
for the United Way, and a Life Fellow of the American Society of Mechanical Engineers.
After 18 years at Hamilton Sundstrand in San Diego, where he worked on advanced aircraft
auxiliary power gas turbine engines, Bob retired in 2003. For the next few years, he enjoyed body
surfing, travelling, and being with his family.
When diagnosed with Alzheimer's in 2015, he received extra loving care from his wife, son Ron,
and the Silverado Community. Predeceased by his parents, sister Florence (BHE'64) and nephew
David, Bob is lovingly remembered by Betty, Ron, David and Willow; nephew Christopher (BA'95)
(Margaret); grandchildren Fraser (Damaris), Trevor and Mackenzie; great granddaughters Kaylee
and Kenadie; grandnieces Sophie and Alexa; and many dear relatives and friends. His ashes will
be interred at the Burnaby Heritage Cemetery.
Susan McLoughlin, BEd'70
UBC alumna Susan Margaret Alisen McLoughlin (nee Howey, formerly
Lanoville) passed away on December 17, 2018, after a brief illness.
She is survived by daughter Natalie and step-daughter Marni
Sheppard (Nasahn). She is pre-deceased by parents Bernice and
Harry Howey, husband Colin (2001), and brother John Howey (1999).
Susan triumphed over addiction in the 70s and was a leader and
mentor for many years in a 12-step program, a second chance at life
that she never took for granted.
Later, with her husband Colin, she would move to the town of Peachland, where she
distinguished herself first as a staff member at the BC Women's Enterprise Society, then on
the Board of the Peachland Wellness Centre, and finally
as the Founder and CEO of the natural skincare company
SBT Seabuckthorn.
Susan was a loving daughter and sister, supportive
wife, and an incomparable mother. She was a comfort,
role model, mentor, friend, and confidante without equal.
A service will be held in Vancouver in the spring or
summer of 2019.
Norman Philip Rempel,
It is with great sadness that
we announce Phil's passing
on March 26, 2018, after
a short but very courageous
battle with liver cancer.
Phil loved working as
an engineer and worked
with three different companies during his 46-year
career: Keen Engineering, Stantec Inc., and Rocky Point
Engineering Ltd. He was a dedicated professional who
brought a wealth of knowledge and experience to his
work, and was a valuable mentor to young engineers
embarking on their careers.
Phil was a fun-loving, thoughtful, and dedicated
family man. His favourite pass time was socializing with
friends and family, and he was always the ultimate host.
He loved travelling to Mexico, especially Puerto Vallarta,
and enjoyed partaking in all aspects of the Mexican
culture. Phil also enjoyed watching and playing sports,
gardening, listening to music, and watching movies.
Phil is survived by his wife Linda, his son Ryan
(Lorraine), his daughter Jennifer (Ian), and his three
grandchildren whom he adored: Ellena, Cooper, and
Parker. Also left to mourn his loss are his extended
family, work colleagues and many friends.
Obituaries are included in our biannual print
issues, usually published in May and November,
and should be 1100 characters (about 300 words)
or less. Please send original photos by post or
attach high resolution images to your online
submission. Tributes may be edited for length and
clarity where necessary. Note that print issues of
the magazine are also published online.
There is no fee for submission.
Due to the high number of submissions, we are
unable to guarantee publication in the next print
issue. If you would prefer your submission be
included in the next applicable online issue in lieu
of print, please select that option on the form
 Born in the UK, raised on Vancouver Island, and trained at the American
Academy of Dramatic Arts in New York, actor Kim Cattrall belongs on both
sides of the Atlantic- as reflected by the sheer variety of her resume (and
also by her Twitter profile: "Liverpool born, Canadian-bred New Yorker").
Although best known for her award-winning portrayal of sexual adventuress
Samantha Jones in the HBO series Sex and the City, Cattrall has covered miles
of dramatic terrain -from blockbuster Hollywood movies to classical theatre
productions in London's West End. Last fall, she received an honorary degree
from UBC. As well as her acting pedigree, it recognized her writing on sexual
health and awareness and her activism on issues associated with gender,
sexuality, and identity. Below is an edited version of the speech she gave to
graduating students, including those from UBC's Department of Theatre & Film.
"/ am a product of the BC Arts programs of the ig6os and 70s, without which it's
doubtful I would be standing here today. Those programs - they were my lifeline
until I left for New York City and theatre school at the age of 16. After graduation,
I was fortunate enough to land my first professional job, and I have been learning
as I go. Those early lifelines are important to nurture in the arts. They nurture us all.
An arts education teaches young minds how to think, how to question, how to bring
wonder and insight to an artist and its audience.
I remember being right where you are this morning, at my graduation. I couldn't
wait to get started. I was so hungry to begin. The speaker at my graduation was the
Canadian-American actress Colleen Dewhurst - one of the greats. It was the mid-70s.
She was appearing on Broadway and had just won her second Tony Award. She was
theatre royalty, and my anticipation for her words of wisdom was palpable. She had
made it. She had the key to success.
She spoke, and, to my dismay, painted a picture of gloom. I remember her saying:
I wouldn't be in your shoes for 10 million bucks. If you can do something else
-God! Doit! This is one of the toughest professions. It was just not what any
of us wanted to hear.
In hindsight, I think she meant it was going to be tough, but I don't think she meant
to be discouraging. She just knew how difficult it was going to be, and she wanted
us to know that there were no guarantees of success, no matter how talented you
were or how hard you worked. And she wasn't wrong, but that doesn't mean her
message was absolute.
As John Lennon once sang, life is what happens to you when you're [busy] making
other plans. Whatever your path will be - however specific your plans -you can be
certain it will take many detours, which could lead to a totally different interpretation
of your life choice. And that can be wonderful.
I encourage you to be proud of who you are. Our national modesty is so ingrained
in our character that it can sometimes be a cliche. But as Canadians, you stand
alongside a legacy of great artists who have [shaped], and continue to shape,
this industry for generations.
I will continue to challenge people's perceptions on topics of gender equality, women's
sexuality, and now, most recently, ageism. As an actor and now a producer, I take on
projects that inhabit those topics. Our stories - all of our stories - are as unique as our
fingerprint. And we need these stories to remind ourselves of what it is to be human.
I encourage you all to follow your dreams, but to have a life - live, go places,
experience. Evolution isn't failure. And stand up for yourself. Experiment. Be bad.
Be badass. And say yes to what scares you. And keep learning. Stay open.
Welcome challenge with radical acceptance.
Look - when all is said and done, you've already accomplished one of the toughest
acting challenges there is, and that is convincing your parents and friends that you'll
be able to make a living at this!" D
Who was your childhood hero?
My dad
Describe the place you most like
to spend time.
Our home on Vancouver Island
What was the last thing you read?
New York Review of Books hardcover,
Guardian and Globe and Mail online
What or who makes you laugh out
loud? ' Steve Coogan as Alan Partridge
What's the most important lesson you
ever learned? | Follow your gut
What's your idea oftheperfect day?
Sleeping late, pancakes with a cup of tea,
a long walk on the beach, then home in
front of a wood fire
What was your nickname at school?
KC, my initials - as in Casey
What is your most prized possession?
Photographs I've taken or saved
What would be the title of your
biography? | Pancake Day, but that
title could change
If a genie granted you one wish, what
would it be? | Bring our loved ones back
What item have you owned for the
longest time? I A now, sadly, one-eyed
childhood doll and my poetry books
from my childhood
Whom do you most admire (living
or dead) and why? | Gordon and
Sarah Brown - for their belief in
family, friendship and an unwavering
commitment to educating young girls.
Marianne Elliott for her belief in theatre
as brilliant storytelling.
What would you like your epitaph
to say? I Liverpool's Cleopatra
If you could invent something,
what would it be?
Drop in therapy centres on
every street corner. Needed.
In which era would you most like
to have lived, and why?
Now. No better time for women.
What are you afraid of? | Spiders
What is your latest purchase?
A floral headdress for my
Mardi Gras costume
Name the skill or talent you
would most like to have
Satire - a dying art form
Which three pieces of music would
you take to that desert island?
John Coltrane's "Favorite Things";
Joni Mitchell's "A Case of You"; Lou
Reed and Metallica's "Junior Dad"
Which famous person (living or
dead) do you think (or have you
been told) you most resemble?
Gene Tierney
What is your pet peeve?
People who are flakey
What is the secret to a good life?
Navigating your passions while
enjoying long breaks of ambivalence
Do you have a personal motto?
Make change your companion
What's the most important thing
left on your bucket list?
Getting back to writing
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