UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Trek [2017-03]

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 'BC 700
Ce/ebrate our 700th.
^-e,00,00°0^r n^
(s(*back cover)
Adventures in Unicycling
A Genocide Scholar's
Portraits of Life
What it Takes to Become
an Astronaut
The Pervasive Problem of
Adverse Drug Reactions
Sustainable Urban
:***, ,**V $£>;
 Louise Schwarz started
her recycling business back
in the 1980s, when blue
boxes were still a rarity and
■drills festered unchecked.
mi is on
a mission to prevent
one of Canada's leadi
causes of de
Q: Name the skill or talent
you would most like to have.
A: To stickhandle without looking
at the puck and deke a goalie
out of his jockstrap, wh
doing my own play-
in Anisinaabemowi
(the Ojibway langu
 editor's note
Have you ever noticed how UBC grads seem to be everywhere?
From the Prime Minister, to my federal MP, to my dentist, to the
volunteer treasurer on my strata board, to the colleague who's sitting
next to me as I'm writing this - there's just no getting away from
them. And (with the exception of said colleague's offensive Christmas
sweater collection, which gets aired from November) that's a good
thing, because where would we be without such well-educated health
professionals, lawmakers, volunteers, and colleagues (obsessed with
Christmas or otherwise)? Admittedly, there's a high concentration
of UBC alumni living here in the Vancouver area, but they can also
be found across Canada and in about 140 other countries.
Amongthem are Nobel laureates, prime ministers, Olympic medallists, authors,
actors, and entrepreneurs. But beyond the better-known names, there are countless
UBC grads you've probably never heard of who are quietly making their mark on
the world. The small but diverse selection of alumni profiles we share in this issue
demonstrates the impressive breadth of experience and accomplishment to be
found among the membership of alumni UBC.
In fact, if there were an official theme for this issue, it would be "multi-talented."
You can read about a violin-playing, unicyling geoscientist (that's not to say he does
everything at the same time - he's multi-talented, not reckless); a genocide scholar
with a passion for photography; and a surgeon who aspires to be an astronaut one day.
If he makes it, he'll be following in the footsteps of Bjarni Tryggvason, BSc'72, who was
the sixth Canadian - and first UBC alumnus - in space (not counting Roberta Bondar,
the second Canadian in space, who was awarded an honorary degree by UBC last
year). It's enough to make an editor feel like an under-achiever.
Although we can't all be Nobel laureates, prime ministers, prime athletes,
billionaire inventors, or astronauts - we can all vote with a conscience, reduce
our individual footprint on the planet, and do our bit to help propel great human
achievement (like the teachers, the parents, the benefactors of research, the
coaches and the advocates who are typically behind the great achievements so
often associated with just one name).
Much good can come from many small actions driven by common intent. Maybe
that's what was on the minds of the small group of far-sighted grads who, on May 4,
1917, held a meeting and established alumni UBC. There were fewer than 100 active
members on the rolls, back then. Today there are more than 325,000 UBC alumni
living around the globe, and that's a force to be reckoned with.
So happy birthday, and May the 4th be with you... I mean, Tuum est.
Vanessa Clarke
Vanessa Clarke, BA
Duncan Schouten, BMus, MMus
Pamela Yan.BDes
CHAIR Faye Wightman, BSc'8l (Nursing)
VICECHAIR Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
TREASURER Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Shelina Esmail, BA'93
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Patricia Mohr, BA'68, MA'70
Stephen Brooks, BA'92
Randy Findlay, BASc'73, PEng, ICDD
Leslie Lee, BCom'84
Faye Wightman, BSc'8i (Nursing)
Amir Adnani, BSc'oi
Aleem Bandali, BA'99
Valerie Casselton, BA'77
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
Barbara Miles, BA, Postgrad Cert, of Ed
Professor Santa J. Ono
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Jeff Todd, BA
Trek magazine is published two times a year
in print by the UBC Alumni Association and
distributed free of charge to UBC alumni and
friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine
do not necessarily reflect the views of the
Alumni Association or the university.
Address correspondence to:
The Editor, alumni UBC
6163 University Boulevard,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z1
email to trek.magazine@ubc.ca
Letters are published at the editor's
discretion and may be edited for space
Jenna McCann
Address Changes 604.822.8921
via email alumni.ubc@ubc.ca
alumni UBC/ UBC Welcome Centre
toll free 800.883.3088
Volume 73, Number 1 | Printed in Canada
by Mitchell Press
Canadian Publications
Mail Agreement #40063528
Return undeliverable Canadian addresses to:
Records Department
UBC Development Office
Suite 500 - 5950 University Boulevard
Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3
A UBC-developed system that uses bacteria to turn non-potable water into drinking water
is undergoing testing prior to being installed in remote communities in Canada and beyond
where clean drinking water is hard to come by.
"Access to clean drinking water is a constant challenge for millions of people around the
world," says project lead Pierre Berube, a UBC civil engineering professor. "Our goal is to
provide a model for low-cost, effective water treatment for communities, and to help locals
help themselves as they build, operate and even expand their water treatment plants."
The system consists of tanks of fibre membranes that catch and hold contaminants -
dirt, organic particles, bacteria and viruses - while letting water filter through. A community
of beneficial bacteria, or biofilm, functions as the second line of defence, working in concert
to break down pollutants.
"Membrane treatment can remove over 99.99 per cent of contaminants, making it ideal
for making drinking water," says Berube, who developed the system with support from the
federally funded Canada-India research organization IC-IMPACTS.
Membrane water treatment is not new, but Berube says the modifications developed by his
team produce an even more effective solution. "Our system is the first to use gravity to scour
and remove captured contaminants, which otherwise accumulate and clog the membrane.
It's low-maintenance and as efficient as conventional approaches that need chemicals and
complex mechanical systems to keep the membranes clean," he says. "The biofilm also helps
by essentially eating away at the captured contaminants. You just open and close a few valves
every 24 hours in order to lift' the water and let gravity and biology do their thing. This means
significant savings in time and money over the lifetime of the system."
Droplets and exhaled breath caught from the blowholes of killer whales along the Pacific coast
are providing scientists with insights into whale health and revealing bacteria and fungi that may
be a threat to the mammals.
"We wanted to find out what sort of bacteria and fungi are present in healthy whales and the
potential pathogens they are being exposed to in their environment," said Stephen Raverty, the
lead author on the study and an adjunct professor at UBC's Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries.
"In some circumstances, these pathogenic microbes could pose a threat to the animals and
contribute to clinical disease."
A group of fish-eating killer whales, known as southern resident killer whales, are an
endangered species that live in the Pacific Ocean off the coast of California and north to the
Salish Sea off the western coast of British Columbia. Over the course of one decade in the 1990s,
their numbers dropped from about 108 animals to about 70. Some of the threats to whales
include changes to their habitat,
Raverty and colleague
collected breath
samples from whales.'
photo: Pete Schroedei
Paper from
responsible sources
2£    FSC C011267
such as increased shipping traffic,
noise, contaminants, and less prey.
But these factors alone do not
explain why the whale population
hasn't recovered.
This latest effort gives scientists
a look at the microbiome of the
large mammals. The findings can
be used as a baseline to compare
how the health of whales change
over time, especially when there is
evidence of disease.
Raverty and his colleagues
found bacteria and fungi in the
whales that cause disease in
humans and land-based animals, including salmonella,
Staphylococcus aureus and fungi such as Penicillium,
and Phoma, among others. These results were
compared to the microbial pathogens that Raverty and
his colleagues are finding in whale autopsies, also known
as necropsies, of stranded killer whales in the region.
"We're not sure if these microbes naturally occur in
the marine environment or if they may be terrestrially
sourced," said Raverty. "These animals are long ranging
and as they migrate along the coast, they are exposed
to agricultural run-off and urban discharge, which may
introduce a variety of microbes into the water."
Researchers also found evidence of antibiotic
resistance in some of the bacteria, possibly related
to human activities in coastal regions and in the
marine habitat.
"Assessing whether animals are healthy or sick is
virtually impossible to do for live animals as big as
whales," said Andrew Trites, director of the Marine
Mammal Research Unit at UBC, who was not involved
in the study. "Raverty and his colleagues found a way to
assess health by collecting microbiota and pathogens
when the whales exhaled between dives. It is an
ingenious way to give whales a checkup."
A drug created from a malaria protein stopped tumour
growth of chemotherapy-resistant bladder cancer,
offering hope for cancer patients not responding to
standard treatments.
"This is the first study where we put the concept
of using malaria proteins for cancer therapy into
a direct clinical context," said Mads Daugaard,
assistant professor of urologic science and a senior
research scientist at the Vancouver Prostate Centre
and the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute.
"There is a massive clinical need to find new treatments
for bladder cancer and we saw an opportunity to target
this disease with our new malaria drug."
The study advances previous research that
showed that a protein from the malaria parasite, called
VAR2CSA, could target a wide range of cancer tumours.
In the new research, highly aggressive bladder
cancer tumours that were completely resistant
to chemotherapy were implanted in the bladder
of mice. The researchers then tested whether the
malaria protein could deliver drugs directly to tumours.
 take note
They found that the tumours
responded dramatically to the
malaria drug combo.
Eighty per cent of the treated
animals were alive after 70 days,
whereas all the other animals,
in three different control groups,
succumbed to bladder cancer.
Bladder cancer is the fifth most
common cancer and the most expensive
cancer to manage on a per patient basis.
Currently, there is only one line of chemotherapy
used for invasive bladder cancer, and there have been few advances
towards finding new treatments in the past 20 years.
"Chemotherapy is the mainstay of treatment, and only a minority of
patients respond to the second treatment option, immunotherapy," said
Daugaard. "We're very excited by these results because it shows that we
are on our way to developing a completely new treatment option for lethal
bladder cancer."
In previous studies, Daugaard and his colleague Ali Salanti (University of
Copenhagen) established that the VAR2CSA protein could be used to deliver
cancer drugs directly to tumours, because it binds to a sugar molecule that
is found only in cancer tumours and the placenta of pregnant animals.
These latest findings demonstrate that the same sugar is
expressed in bladder cancer and is especially abundant in tumours
that progress after being treated with the standard chemotherapy
The researchers' next steps are to design a process that could
see the VAR2CSA drug combination manufactured on a larger scale
to begin clinical trials. This is being led by Daugaard and Salanti through
their startup company VAR2 Pharmaceuticals.
Many people choose their spouse based on shared values and interests.
But in China, another important, relatively unknown factor plays a role:
hukou, and it may be contributing to growing socioeconomic disparity in the
country's largest city, according to a UBC study.
Hukou is a household registration system in China that limits access to
social benefits largely based on the birthplace of the holder. The UBC-led
sociology study examined the effect of hukou and education on heterosexual
marriage patterns in China's largest city, Shanghai. Residents with Shanghai
hukou, for example, have better access to jobs, schools, housing and
other opportunities in that city compared to migrants, who are effectively
treated as second-class citizens. For migrants, obtaining Shanghai hukou is
challenging and rarely successful. The researchers found that, in Shanghai,
local hukou shapes individual marital choices and is considered a valuable
attribute in the marriage market.
A growing field of research is examining the brain patterns produced by
people with severe brain injuries who can no longer communicate and
appear to be in a vegetative state. Some have argued that one day we
may be able to unlock a code from these patterns and communicate with
these patients.
Two UBC neuroethicists are studying what this might mean for
Canada and other countries that have recently introduced legislation for
physician-assisted death. In a JAMA Neurology article published this March,
Judy llles and Emanuel Cabral examine the ethics around end-of-life
decision-making for patients with these injuries.
Are there any examples in Canada or in other countries where patients
with severe brain injuries who were unable to communicate have been
able to access physician-assisted death?
EC: So far in Canada, there are no known cases of patients with brain
trauma who have tried to access physician-assisted death. In the United
States and the Netherlands, there have been cases where patients with brain
trauma have been asked whether they wanted to prolong their life. In all of
these cases, the patients suffered from a specific form of brain trauma called
locked-in syndrome. Essentially, these people maintain a good awareness
and understanding of their surroundings, but are unable to verbally
communicate because they are practically paralyzed within their own bodies.
In most cases, patients manage to communicate through eye-blinking or
restricted body movements, and sometimes using an alphabet board.
In one such case, physicians in the United States were able to assess
one man's memory and thinking by communicating through small head
movements. They also allowed him to make decisions on receiving
life-prolonging treatments using this method. In another case in the
Netherlands, another man with locked-in syndrome used blinking to
communicate that he wanted physician-assisted death. After several weeks
of consulting with the patient, other physicians and the family, the patient
was administered life-ending drugs.
Jl: These patients have used indirect "codes" to express their
end-of-life preferences. Some people might logically suggest that
we can use brain imaging as the "code" to communicate with
people in minimally conscious states and that, hypothetica
this could open legal avenues for these patients to
request physician-assisted death. Our paper anticipates
this question and addresses the issues around it.
How likely is it that we will be communicating with
patients about end-of-life decisions by analyzing
their brain patterns?
Jl: The public is already asking. We need both to
anticipate such questions and be prepared to be
responsive to them as a professional community.
EC: The idea seems far-fetched. However, studies
have shown that it might be possible to use
"When we think about marriage, we often think
about love and romance," said Yue Qian, assistant
professor of sociology and the study's lead author.
"But in reality, marriage choices are usually filtered by
other factors. In this study, we found that hukou has
a significant effect."
The researchers used data from a 2013 population
survey in Shanghai that asked respondents who were
born in the 1980s about their own and their spouses'
hukou and education when they first got married.
The sample included 1,247 couples. In cases of hukou
intermarriage - where one spouse has Shanghai hukou
and the other is a migrant - couples were more likely to
involve a Shanghai husband and a migrant wife (14 per
cent) than a Shanghai wife and a migrant husband
(six per cent), the researchers found.
Education also proved to be an important factor
in marital decisions, with the probability of a migrant
marrying a spouse with Shanghai hukou increasing with
the migrant's education level. "It's a bit of a tradeoff,"
said Qian. "If someone with Shanghai hukou marries
a migrant, then their migrant spouse needs to at least
have the same or a higher education level. Otherwise,
it seems they have nothing to gain economically
from marriage."
The findings are important because they reveal how China's hukou system is widening
resource inequality between migrants and locals and between the educated and less educated,
said Qian. This is especially true in Shanghai where nearly half of the population is made
up of migrants.
Qian is now studying Asian immigrants to the US. Since hukou is similar to citizenship
status, she is interested in seeing if similar marriage patterns emerge. The Shanghai study was
co-authored by Brown University sociology professor Zhenchao Qian.
UBC scientists have scanned the genome of cannabis plants to find the genes responsible
for giving various strains their lemony, skunky or earthy flavours, an
important step for the budding legal cannabis industry.
"The goal is to develop well-defined and
highly-reproducible cannabis varieties. This is
similar to the wine industry, which depends
on defined varieties such as chardonnay
or merlot for high value products,"
said Jorg Bohlmann, a professor in
the Michael Smith Laboratories
and Faculty of Forestry at UBC.
"Our genomics work can inform
breeders of commercial varieties,
and which genes to pay attention to
for specific flavour qualities."
brain imaging to communicate with patients in minimally conscious
states. As it stands, this communication channel is still quite weak,
but, as research continues, it has led to questions about whether this
type of communication might be applied to end-of-life care.
Under Canadian law, verbal communication is not a requirement
for physician-assisted death. However, if the person has difficulty
communicating, everything must be done to provide a reliable way
through which the person can understand the information that is
provided to them and communicate their decision. Currently, no such
system exists to do so with patients in minimally conscious states.
What are your concerns about using this form of communication?
EC: People with severe brain trauma make up a highly vulnerable and
historically neglected population whose health is placed in the hands of
members or health professionals. If we consider feminist ethics
disability ethics, they both emphasize that we have to be certain
that the person fully understands the information given to them
and their expressed wishes are clear.
Jl: There is a huge leap, however, between communicating
directly with someone, communicating through a tool like
a spelling board, and using statistical interpretation of brain
signals as a sign of preference or desire. We would need to
be absolutely certain that the answers interpreted through
brain imaging are what patients intended to express, and that
their answers reflect reproducible, intact decision-making
abilities. Researchers are still working out how to interpret
the different signals that injured brains produce.
This year marks our fir
It's your chance to come home to campus
and experience free museums and attraction
musical entertainment; activities for kids;
the alumni UBC AGM; Thunderbirds football
(vs. Saskatchewan); and our "Welcome Home
party in the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre.
Registration and ticket details coming soon!
By Corey Allen
The proliferation of fake news is transforming the way people, including children,
perceive what's happening in the world around them. Ron Darvin, a lecturer and
researcher in the faculty of education, studies digital literacy skills of students
in kindergarten through Grade 12. In this Q&A, he discusses the trend of fake
news, how to fight it, and what parents can do to make sure their children can
tell the difference.
What is fake news?
Fake news has become a catch-all term for everything from hoaxes to conspiracy
theories to "alternative facts." To combat fake news, we have to distinguish it
from satire or news that people just don't want to hear. Fake news is fabricated,
deceptive or distorted information meant to mislead the public. Motivations
for fake news can be political or to promote self-interests, while others do it to
get their five minutes of fame. For some, fake news is a business. Digital ads
generate profits, and websites with sensational fake news are paid for every
click that they get.
What are some ways people can combat fake news?
While this feature hasn't made its way to Canada yet, Facebook has started
rolling out a third-party fact-checking tool in the US and Germany that will label
fake news shared on the network as "disputed." Google Chrome extensions
include something called a "BS Detector," which displays a red warning when
you're about to share something from a questionable source. Fact-checking
sites like Snopes and Politifact can also be valuable resources. A site called Hoax
Slayer combats email scams and debunks hoaxes that have gone viral.
Apart from using these tools, users should also know how to examine online
texts more closely. This would include understanding the political leanings of
certain news sites, analyzing domain names or URLs to make sure they are
legitimate, or recognizing poor web design. Consuming news effectively requires
the audience to be vigilant about what they are reading, listening or watching,
and figuring out who created this content and for what purpose.
How can parents teach their kids about fake news?
Kids have two worlds: offline and online. More than parents just asking their
child: "How was school today?" they should also ask them what they've read
online, on Facebook, or seen on Snapchat that day. Parents can role model digital
literacy skills to their children and provide them with the right tools to verify
what's online. They have to surround them with legitimate news sources and
help them learn how to distinguish fact from opinion at a young age.
How is this era of post-truth affecting kids today?
Fake news has consequences and important implications for whom we elect,
the laws we pass, and the kinds of choices we make in our lives. Without the
right critical tools, our kids can become not only victims of fake news, but also
promoters of it, by indiscriminately sharing things online.
In a culture of clickbait, emotions rather than facts can shape public opinion.
It becomes easier for us to rely on what feels right, rather than to figure out what
is right. The irony of social media is that while it's supposed to open doors to the
rest of the world, it can actually usher us into filter bubbles where we hear what
we want to hear. Facebook profits when we keep clicking, liking and sharing stuff
online, so their algorithms make sure that what pops up on our newsfeed will
make us comfortable enough to keep coming back. This bubble and what we fill
it with naturally shapes the way our kids will think about the world.
The research is part of an ongoing collaboration between
Bohlmann, graduate student Judith Booth, and Jonathan Page,
an adjunct professor in the botany department who founded the
cannabis testing and biotechnology company Anandia Labs.
They found about 30 terpene synthase genes that contribute to
diverse flavours in cannabis. This number is comparable to similar
genes that play a role in grapevine flavour for the wine industry.
The genes the researchers discovered play a role in producing
natural products like limonene, myrcene, and pinene in the cannabis
plants. These fragrant molecules are generally known in the
industry as terpenes.
"The limonene compound produces a lemon-like flavor, and
myrcene produces the dank, earthy flavour characteristic of purple
kush," says Booth.
They also found a gene that produces the signature
terpene of cannabis, beta-caryophyllene, which interacts with
cannabinoid receptors in human cells along with other active
ingredients in cannabis.
Bohlmann says the economic potential of a regulated cannabis
industry is huge, but a current challenge is that growers are working
with a crop that is not well standardized and highly variable for its key
natural product profiles.
"There is a need for high-quality and consistent products made
from well-defined varieties." he said.
The researchers say it will also be important to examine to what
extent terpene compounds might interact with the cannabinoid
compounds such as tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) that confer the
medicinal properties of cannabis.
Inactive teens have weaker bones than those who are physically
active, according to a new study.
Researchers at UBC and the Centre for Hip Health and Mobility
at the Vancouver Coastal Health Research Institute measured
the physical activity and bone strength of 309 teenagers over
a specific four-year period that is crucial for lifelong, healthy
skeletal development.
"We found that teens who are less active had weaker bones, and
bone strength is critical for preventing fractures," said Leigh Gabel,
lead author and PhD candidate in orthopedics at UBC.
Gabel and her co-investigators used high resolution 3D X-ray
images to compare differences between youth who met the daily
recommendation of 60 minutes of moderate-to-vigorous physical
activity per day and those who got less than 30 minutes a day.
The four-year window - between the ages of 10 to 14 for
girls and 12 to 16 for boys - is a vital time when as muc
as 36 per cent of the human skeleton is formed
and bone is particularly responsive to
physical activity.
"Kids who are sitting around are
not loading their bones in ways
that promote bone strength,"
said Gabel, which is why
weight-bearing activities such as running and jumping and sports like soccer,
ultimate Frisbee and basketball are important.
Bone strength is a combination of bone size, density and microarchitecture.
While boys had larger and stronger bones throughout the study, both boys
and girls responded in the same way to physical activity.
"We need school- and community-based approaches that make it easier
for children and families to be more active," said co-author Heather McKay,
a professor in orthopedics and family practice at UBC and the Centre for
Hip Health and Mobility.
The good news is that activity does not have to be structured or
organized to be effective: short bursts such as dancing at home, playing
tag at the park, chasing your dog or hopping and skipping count, too.
"The bottom line is that children and youth need to step away
from their screens and move to build the foundation for lifelong bone
health," said McKay.
Dairy cows housed indoors want to break curfew and roam free, suggests
new UBC research.
The study measured how much work dairy cows will do to access pasture,
by pushing on a weighted gate. It found the cows worked hard, especially at
night. As a comparison, the researchers also measured how much weight
the cows would push to access their regular feed when kept indoors, and
discovered that the cows worked just as hard to go outside as they did to
access fresh feed when they were hungry.
"Our findings show cows are highly motivated to be outside," said
Marina von Keyserlingk, the study's lead author and an animal welfare
professor in UBC's faculty of land and food systems.
von Keyserlingk said many dairy cows in Canada, the US and other parts
of the world are housed exclusively indoors. This may meet the cow's basic
needs for food, water, hygiene and shelter, but does not allow the cow to
engage in natural behaviours.
"Improving the cow's quality of life is obviously important for the animal,
but it's also important for the people involved, including the farmers that care
for them and the consumers who buy dairy products," said co-author and
UBC animal welfare professor Dan Weary.
The researchers said their findings support previous studies that found
public opinion of a good life for cattle involves access to outdoor grazing. Q
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Adam Jones plans his work in five-year cycles, re-evaluating his strategy as
he goes. Like most polymaths, he enjoys warming multiple projects on the
back burner while he's still cooking up the main course. A self-described
"happy globetrotter," Jones has visited 103 countries so far, capturing
thousands of local faces in his photography, while still finding time to write
about music, media, politics, and of course, travel. "I am never as happy as
when I have a bag slung over my shoulder," he says, "and I'm leaving some
shoe rubber somewhere on the other side of the world."
His speech patterns reflect this jo/e de vivre; the words tumble out of
his mouth in a waterfall of questions and answers, and he seems entirely
capable of carrying on a dialogue with himself. Like his photography, his
conversation style is upbeat, celebratory, and life-affirming. It would be easy
to believe he doesn't have a serious bone in his body - not something you'd
expect from one of the most prolific genocide scholars in the world.
A professor of political science at the UBC Okanagan campus since 2007,
Jones teaches courses on African politics, human rights, mass media, gender
and international relations, politics in film, and crimes against humanity.
His photography and academic pursuits scan like two sides of the same coin,
recording small moments of human dignity on film while studying its assault
in the largest of contexts.
"I think that [photography] is very much connected with my interest in
human rights," he says. "I find people fascinating. I find diverse societies
fascinating; I'd like to see their livelihoods and interests protected rather
than destroyed. It's a kind of safety valve on both an intellectual and
emotional level."
Born in Singapore to British parents, Jones followed his father's postings
with the Royal Air Force before his family eventually settled in Vernon,
BC, where he first took up photography for a photo-essay assignment in
a junior-high journalism course. "I still remember the photo shoot I did -
the collection was called The Dark Side of Vernon," he laughs. "Itwas like
piled-up broken bottles in alleyways, stuff that was challenging the image of
Vernon as a sedate and pleasant place."
Jones caught the travel bug early, continuing his education in Victoria,
Shanghai and Singapore before settling at UBC for an undergraduate degree
in history and international relations in 1986. After a stint at McGill for his
master's degree, he revisited UBC to complete his PhD in political science,
studying political transitions and gender and ethnic conflict.
His interest in genocide came into focus in 1999, when a racial clash in
Kosovo led to the deaths of thousands and displacement of millions, followed
months later by 1400 civilian deaths in East Timor as the nation sought its
independence from Indonesia.
Jones watched the Kosovo conflict unfold on television from Barcelona,
where he was taking a break after completing his dissertation. But he
couldn't ignore the headlines, noticing in particular the selective targeting of
unarmed adult men - a phenomenon that feminist Mary Anne Warren had
recently termed "gendercide." The targeted killing of innocents according to
gender, gendercide would become one of Jones' many academic specialties
as his career slowly took shape.
Despite its relative infancy as a scholarly topic, the act of genocide goes
back to the earliest literature: Thucydides wrote about the Siege of Melos
in 416, where the men were exterminated and the women and children
sold into slavery; Homer recorded Agamemnon's call for the annihilation
of the Trojans "down to the babies in their mothers' wombs"; and, of course,
genocidal themes run throughout nearly all of the major religious works that
have come down through the ages.
Although genocide is usually recognizable by the sheer numbers
of victims, it is different than mass murder in kind rather than in scale.
The targeted extermination of a population based on something that unites
them - ethnicity, nationality, religious beliefs - genocide literally means
"killing a race." The term was coined near the end of WWII to describe
the atrocities committed by Nazis against certain European groups, deeds
that had been described to that point as "mass killings" or "crimes against
humanity." The first hint that the wanton extermination of an entire race was
an especially evil act may have come in a 1941 radio broadcast by Winston
Churchill, describing Hitler's march across the blood-soaked Russian plains:
"As his armies advance, whole districts are being exterminated. Literally
scores of thousands of executions in cold blood are being perpetrated by
the German police troops upon the Russian patriots who defend their native
soil. Since the Mongol invasions of Europe in the sixteenth century, there has
never been methodical, merciless butchery on such a scale... We are in the
presence of a crime without a name."
The unthinkable act was finally termed in the 1943 book Axis Rule in
Occupied Europe by Raphael Lemkin, a Polish Jew who barely escaped to
Sweden ahead of Hitler's forces. Lemkin, who would lose 49 relatives to
Hitler's camps, campaigned tirelessly for genocide
to be recognized as a particularly horrendous crime.
In 1951, his efforts paid off with General Assembly
Resolution 260, a United Nations convention that
established genocide in legal terms, seeking to prevent
its occurrence and hold accountable its perpetrators.
"But you didn't really get the birth of any kind of
notable academic exploration until the 1980s," says
Jones. "The exception of course is the Holocaust, and
that was already being studied as the Holocaust rather
than in a comparative genocide context. It was really
the 1915 Armenian genocide that became the second
case added, and then we got the genocides in former
Yugoslavia and then 1994 in Rwanda. And that, I think,
really catalyzed the field."
With the recent advent of the 24-hour news cycle,
the Rwanda genocide - in which 70 per cent of the ethnic
Tutsi population was wiped out in 100 days by the Hutu
majority - caught the attention of the West with a brutal
detail to which most viewers were unaccustomed. The
massacre of 800,000 unarmed civilians, many killed with
machetes, brought the concept of genocide to the living
room, and soon after to the classroom.
But it wasn't just watching history unfold, it was also
a re-examination of history long considered settled.
Just two years earlier was the Columbus quincentenary
- the 500th anniversary of his 1492 arrival in the
Americas. "Connected with that event was a small but
really significant flood of very potent writings about
genocides of indigenous peoples," Jones points out.
The first hint that the wanton
eoitermination of an entire
race was an especially evil act
may have come in a 1941 radio
broadcast by 'Winston Churchitl,
describing tOttcr's march across
the blood-soaked Hussion plains
 lens on life
"I think genocide studies was one of the first fields to
systematically explore that as targeted, systematic
violence, to resuscitate a lot of cases that had fallen
out of the historical records."
The growth of this area of study coincided with the
growth of Jones' career, and he became a leading scholar
in the field, writing or editing more than a dozen books
on genocide and gendercide. After five years teaching at
CIDE in Mexico City and a graduate fellowship at Yale,
Jones returned to UBC and joined the Political Science
department at the Okanagan campus.
Just as the rise of his academic field matched the timing
of his career, the growth of technology transformed his
photography. The rapid ascent of the digital camera and
the explosion of the internet as a system of distribution
empowered Jones to share small glimpses of human
dignity even as he studied its extinction.
"I took photographs here and there the way the
casual traveller does, really until the early 2000s," he
recalls. "But once it became basically free, I found that
incredibly liberating in the same way I found the internet
liberating for my scholarship: the ability to get my work
out there and distributed. I don't think there's a whole
lot of motivational connection, but the two forms of
productivity have definitely interwoven over the last
couple of decades."
Jones' professional-quality camerawork and his
penchant for generosity have bolstered his profile
over the past decade. He shares his photos through
a Creative Commons license, so they can be freely used
by thousands of individuals and institutions, including
many in the scholarly community. His Flickr profile
contains more than 18,000 images from 61 countries,
and has upwards of eight million views.
His pictures have also found a home in his classroom,
where he keeps his global photo archive open in
a browser window so he can illustrate points during
lessons, connecting the students directly to the
communities they are studying. "I find that a really nice
pedagogical strategy," he says, "because we're in an
ever more visual age, and a professor using power-point
slides with reams of text on them is one thing, but having
a sequence of vivid images to convey, and ones that
you're intimately familiar with the circumstances of -
it's really a huge boost on the teaching front."
And yet his photos aren't what one might expect in
a class studying crimes against humanity. Despite select
images of memorials, mass graves, and unimaginable
human grief, most of his subjects are presented outside
the context of war, going about their daily business of
work and play - a reminder that we are not born into
conflict, but all have an intrinsic majesty regardless of
our home and station.
Jones tries to capture his subjects before they spot
him so they don't stiffen up or become self-conscious.
If a subject sees the photographer, he says, "you lose all of that ease and
naturalness in the posture. And so much of the inherent dignity of human
beings, even at the very bottom-most rungs of society, is in that ordinary
composure of face and presentation of form."
"It has me always visually prowling around,"
he continues, "being more observant in my
wanderings outside the country than I would
otherwise be because I'm always looking for input
and stimuli that could make an interesting photo.
It keeps me more attuned to what's going on,
more invested in it."
A number of his photos appear in his most
recent book, the 900-page tome Genocide:
A Comprehensive Introduction, which Jones
considers his magnum opus. The text is the third edition of a graduate
instruction book he originally wrote in 2006, and probably his last major work
on the subject. "I'm not sure how much more I have to say about genocide
as a big-picture topic," he says. "I've been writing about it for about 25 years
now. I'm very happy with the work that I've done, and I know I've got more
work to do on it, but I'm not particularly wedded to the subject for the
remainder of my career."
Undoubtedly this search for new directions is partly due to his inclination
for eclectic experiences. "Sometimes I think there are topics that choose me
more than I choose them," he chuckles. "I just get picked up by them and
whirled around for a few days or a few years. I'm not sure how much choice
I have in the matter sometimes."
But there is also the recognition that the field of genocide studies has
suffered some recent setbacks. Since publishing the second edition of his
book in 2010, he's noticed a disturbing rise in xenophobia and nationalism
in countries that had seemed to be on an upward trajectory of progressive
The rapid ascent of the digital
camera and the explosion of the
internet as a system of distribution
empowered {Jones to share smalt
glimpses of human dignity even
as he studied its extinction.
 lens on life
alumni UBC Travel Club
It's your travel experience
Old City, Dhaka, Bangladesh
cosmopolitanism. "Broadly speaking, the legal remedies and legal institutions
that were being put in place to handle genocide and crimes against humanity
were effective and popular," he says. "I thought that there was increasing
consciousness on the part of leaders and the masses."
But recent political developments around the globe - the rise of religious
jingoism in Southeast Asia, the endless civil war in Syria, the broken state
in Libya, synagogue and mosque desecrations in the shadow of America's
new white nationalism - have dotted the international landscape with a fresh
roster of truly terrifying political figures.
"Today the international environment seems rather different and chillier,"
he laments. "You've got a lot more talk about putting up walls and keeping
people out. I see disturbing evidence of things that I really cherished moving
forward now being rolled back. Even at the level of nuclear annihilation
it's a scary time, and I thought we put that one at least on the high
shelf for a while."
Whatever effect the new political climate has on his academic work, nothing
will keep Jones from travelling. This summer he is returning to the road for
a voyage through the deep south of the United States, followed by trips to
Qatar, Thailand, Bangladesh, Singapore, Malaysia, Australia, Finland, Estonia,
Poland, Slovakia, Ukraine, and Moldova. His four-month expedition will be
"sort of a combination of an intellectual survey, a travel account, and a photo
essay," he muses. "Maybe something else that I'm still playing with." D
Explore all of Adam Jones' travel photography at flickr.com/photos/adamjones
The story behind the pictures: For an online slideshow
of images selected and captioned by Jones, please visit
the online magazine: trekmagazine.alumni.ubc.ca
 Along with 4,000 other hopefuls,
Gavin Tansley, MD'U, applied to be
one of Canada's next two astronauts.
When Gavin Tansley was in grade 12, a perceptive counsellor set
him up with an unusual job in the school's work placement program.
The program, which was designed to give non-academic high school
seniors a taste of the various trades available at post-secondary
schools around the province, was not intended for high achievers
like Tansley. But the counsellor saw the budding scientist in him and
massaged the rules a bit to set up a placement with UBC researcher
Dr. Cheryl Wellington (professor of pathology and laboratory medicine
in the Djavad Mowafaghian Centre for Brain Health), who gave him
a research project all his own.
"I got to look at cholesterol transport," he says, "and how it might
influence the formation of the protein plaque responsible for Alzheimer's
disease. It was an amazing opportunity for me, and I even got my first
author publication and was a co-author on a couple of others."
The experience, he says, convinced him that his career should
always be focused on creating new knowledge. "I wasn't particularly
brilliant," he claims, "but I was really excited by that experience." It also
made him a lifelong fan of UBC. "Having faculty like Dr. Wellington,
willing to take a risk on a curious high school student and offer that
kind of opportunity is what makes UBC special." It also convinced him
to apply to UBC when he graduated from high school.
He started a bachelor's degree in cell biology and genetics, then
transferred to medicine after his third year - a dream he'd had since
childhood. During his MD training he spent time in BC's north working
in remote areas, and discovered his research passion. The challenges
of delivering medicine in centres far away from cities - what he
calls austere, remote environments - excited him because of the
opportunities for research but also because his work could cause
positive change.
"It's much different providing medical services in places where they don't
have the kind of resources we have in urban centres," he says. "You have
to learn to be adaptable and inventive. My current work as a surgeon in
trauma care links to that because emergency medicine sometimes requires
creative solutions to immediate problems. You use the resources at hand."
The trick, he says, is to balance his passion for research and
discovering new knowledge with his love for the practice of medicine.
"I will always do both."
Currently, Tansley is working as a trauma surgeon in Halifax,
doing his residency through Dalhousie. His career path is fairly clear:
research into the area of medicine in austere environments and
perhaps even a period of time with Medecins sans Frontieres.
Unless, of course, he becomes Canada's next astronaut.
His love of research and medicine notwithstanding, Tansley's real siren
call has always been the stars. "I've wanted to be an astronaut since I was
a little kid," he says. "All through school I'd seek out books and magazines
about space and astronauts." But he kept his interest under wraps in high
school and after. "I didn't want to be that kid in school or that adult working
a normal job who was still talking about being an astronaut," he laughs.
He thought of applying when the Canadian Space Agency (CSA) put
out a call for Canada's next astronaut in 2009, but he didn't have the
required professional experience - or his MD. He was sure he'd missed
his chance, as the call for applications is a rare occurrence. But when the
CSA put out another call in June 2016, he knew his moment had come.
Almost 4,000 Canadians applied for the spot and, to his great joy, he
was one of 72 selected to enter the first round of testing.
The selection process is a complex one. Candidates must undergo
many series of tests to determine physical endurance, emotional
stability and intellectual ability. Though CSA prefers candidates to
not discuss the nature of these tests, Tansley did allow that they were
difficult and draining. But did he feel he performed well?
"Meeting the other candidates is a great way to be humbled," he
says. "You don't leave one of these testing events feeling good about
yourself. You're being compared to the top tier. It's an amazing group
of people. They could pick one of the names out of a hat and get
a spectacular astronaut."
In spite of Tansley's self-doubts, he recently survived the
agency's latest winnowing exercise to become one of the remaining
32 candidates. A decision of the final choice will be made this summer.
His medical background, he feels, has little to do with his success so
far. "That's not why I was selected," he says. "It's less about my particular
skill set and more about the level of training I've received. My research
training gives me a very methodical approach to problems. And, being
a trauma surgeon by definition means I have to assess life-threatening
situations on the spot and come up with solutions quickly. I think that's
why they value that training."
If he is chosen to be Canada's next astronaut, he won't necessarily
be doing medical research. His primary job will be as an operator.
Scientists on the ground will have experiments they want to conduct
on the space station, and the astronauts become a set of skilled
hands that can conduct those experiments appropriately and
 professionally. For that reason, those chosen have to be generalists with
a passion for science for the sake of science. Which is a good definition
of Gavin Tansley.
In spite of the more sober requirements of the job of astronaut, a brief
perusal of the candidates' resumes would seem to indicate that they, as
individuals, are big risk takers. Rock climbers, sky divers, mountaineers,
and crazies who go scuba diving in shark infested waters. Tansley himself
is a dedicated rock climber and mountaineer. But he suggests that "risk"
isn't a motivating factor.
"I'm not a risk-taker," he says. "I don't think risk takers make it very
far in those kinds of activities. If you're a rock climber and a risk taker,
you're probably going to get hurt. I see myself as a risk avoider with
a huge passion for adventure. Adventure takes you to these places and
requires certain skills, but you've got to have a methodical, very calculated
approach. You have to have the experience to do something safely.
People who aspire to be an astronaut have that desire for exploration and
adventure in common. It's not about risk; it's about adventure. And, at
the same time, you're working at the very top of human endeavour. That's
really attractive to a lot of people, me included, so we assume the risk."
ut becoming an astronaut means he will have to give up being
a surgeon. He will have to move to Houston, Texas, and begin years of
specialty training. He's in his early 30s now, and, typically, astronauts
retire in their mid 50s. After 20 years, he'll be hopelessly behind as
a medical practitioner. Is he sure the sacrifice is worth it?
"I've wanted to be a physician all my life," says
Tansley. "All my training, all my focus has been on that
oal. I wouldn't give it up for anything, except for the
chance to be an astronaut. I'd do it in a heartbeat." D
Gavin Tansley lives with his wife in Halifax, Nova Scotia.
Shortly before going to press, we learned that Gavin Tansley
was unfortunately not one of the 77 candidates to move on
to the final selection stages. "Although it is not happy news
to hear, I look back on the experience so fondly that I'm
having a hard time feeling disappointed," he says. "I met
truly incredible people and experienced things I would
not have had the chance to experience otherwise. I will
now press on through my surgical training and continue
doing the things I love doing. I can only hope that one day
there will be another call and at that point I'll be a better
candidate." We'll be rooting for him when he tries again.
Launch of the Space Shuttle Discovery
on Mission STS-85 at 10:41 a.m. EDT
on August 7,1997, with Canadian
Space Agency astronaut Bjarni
Tryggvason aboard. (Credit: NASA)
Source: Canadian Space Agency
Who can apply? Persons residing in Canada and Canadian citizens residing abroad can
apply. Preference will be given to Canadian citizens.
In which language/s do they need to be proficient? Either French or English. Proficiency
in both official languages of Canada is an asset but not a requirement. However, Canadian
Space Agency astronauts are based at NASA in Houston, Texas, where the working language
is English. Moreover, the two official languages aboard the International Space Station are
English and Russian.
Which university degree do they need? Candidates must have a bachelor's degree from
a recognized university in engineering or science (eg: physics, chemistry, biology, geology,
mathematics, computer science) or a doctorate in medicine or dentistry.
How many years of professional experience should they have? Candidates must have at
least three years of relevant professional experience OR be licenced to practise medicine
in Canada. A master's degree is equivalent to one year of professional experience, and
a doctorate is equivalent to three years of professional experience.
Which qualities and skills are required? Motivation, resourcefulness and teamwork are all
important qualities required to be part of the CSA's astronaut corps. Judgment, integrity,
reasoning, public speaking and the ability to synthesize and communicate using plain
language are also necessary.
Is there a required height? The Soyuz capsule used to go to the I nternational Space Station
is limited in size. To be safe inside the capsule, the astronaut must measure between
149.5 cm and 190.5 cm (4'9" and 6'2.5"). This might change in the future.
Is there a required weight? Again, the Soyuz capsule used to go to the International Space
Station is limited in size, so the astronaut must weigh between 50 kg and 95 kg (110 lb. and
209 lb.) to be safe inside the capsule. This might change in the future.
What about visual acuity? To be considered, applicants must meet very stringent medical
requirements and be in excellent health. Applicants must score 20/20 (6/6) or better in each
eye, with or without correction. Applicants who have undergone refractive laser surgery
(PRKor LASIK) are eligible, but the Canadian Space Agency does not recommend that
applicants undergo refractive laser surgery for the sole purpose of applying for employment
as an astronaut.
Is there an age requirement? There is no official age requirement. The applicants chosen
in 2009 by the Canadian Space Agency were 33 and 39 years old when they were selected.
The applicants chosen by NASA in 2013 were between ages 26 and 46.
How many astronauts will be selected during the Canadian Space Agency's 2016-2017
recruitment campaign? Two individuals will be selected as new members of the Canadian
astronaut corps in the 2016-2017 recruitment campaign. The CSA is recruiting exceptional
people with excellent health; a university education in science, engineering or medicine;
and extensive knowledge and experience.
 At four years old, Kris Holm, took up the violin. Over the years he became
good at it, and while he trained in the classical mode, he picked up fiddling
along the way. Learning the violin, he says, became something of a metaphor
for the rest of his life, and his teacher, the late Frona Colquhoun, became his
first and most influential mentor.
"Because I was doing it at such a young age," he says, "she taught me that
I could learn somethingthat seems impossible at first glance."
At some point, however, he must have decided that the violin wasn't going
■ to pay the rent, so he looked to other activities. One day, shortly before his
twelfth birthday, he saw a man in downtown Victoria riding a unicycle, playing
a violin. "That's for me," he thought, and asked for one for his birthday. And
so it was that one of the world's foremost unicycle athletes was born,
cycling is a rare sport," he says, "because initially it's so difficult to
do. Most sports, even the ones that are hard to do well, are easy to do badly.
Anyone can get up on a skateboard, for example, and teeter precariously
down the street. But even an athletic person can barely go a metre on
a unicycle to start, and that stops a lot of people from trying."  „
Off-road unicyclingwasa natural for Holm, who was, by the 1980s,
a committed rock climber. He started ridingtrails around western North
America, incorporating it into his rock climbing passion. But unicycles have
played a very small part in the history of wheeled vehicles, and when he
began ridingthey were novelty items aimed at children, circus clowns and <*^
jugglers. As he advanced in the sport, he bought off-the-shelf unicycles and
customized them with bigger tires and reinforced frames, but they weren't
up to the rigours he put them through. Then, in 1998, he worked with a local
machinist to build his own mountain unicycle.
By the mid '90s, mountain biking was becoming a big thing on Vancouver's
North Shore and trails were being designed to challenge emerging mountain
bike technology. At the same time, advancing video technology made
it possible for riders and sponsors to film their escapades cheaply and
easily. Holm's new unicycle (and his skill level) proved a great match for
the demands of those world-class trails, and in 1998 he earned his first
sponsorship from Norco Bicycles. A year later he began selling a small
number of his branded cycles (Kris Holm Unicycles) through the online
retailer, Unicycle.com. In 2003 he moved production offshore for
international distribution.
Z To promotethe sport, he has been featured in morethan
50 videos, wrote a book (The Essential Guide to Mountain and Trials
Unicycling) and founded unicycle trials- riding unicycles on
obstacle courses - which has had its own world championship
since 2002. He's cycled up mountains in Central America
down a volcano in Bolivia and along the Great Wall of
China, as well as up and down North Shore mountains.
 lay of the land
As a business model, Kris Holm Unicycles is definitely
a 21st century phenomenon. His unicycles are built and
distributed around the world from factories in Taiwan.
He developed a saddle that provides a comfortable ride
over rough terrain, and his units come equipped with
a state-of-the-art disc brake. He also produces a line of
protective gloves in Pakistan and a line of leg armour
in China. All of this is conducted on the internet and
without having to leave home except for an annual trip
overseas to meet with suppliers. Kris Holm Unicycles are
considered one of the top brands in the world. Each year,
his company provides a grant to fund the most creative
mountain unicycle adventure: The Evolution of Balance
Award. As well, he sponsors his own Factory Team in
international competitions, and was the first cycling
company to join One Percent for the Planet, donating one
per cent of his gross revenues to environmental causes.
Still, Holm considers his unicycle business and the
sport itself to be his hobby. His intentional career, as he
calls it, is in geoscience. He leads the geohazards group
at BGC Engineering, which provides risk assessments
of development and major industry projects for public
and private clients. Holm and his colleagues assess
debris potential in steep creeks that may flood; analyse
slopes in danger of slumping; and investigate any other
geological structure that may be subject to natural
disruption. The team works with the Municipality of
Assessing terrain and
geohazards at 4,500m
in the Chilean Andes.
Photo: Matthias Jakob
North Vancouver to assess potential damages from landslides and floods, stemming from the
30-plus steep streams that careen through residential areas, and helps them determine strategies
to reduce any impact. They also work in Canmore to help devise ways to prevent the kind of
damage that occurred during the devastating 2013 Alberta floods. Holm has also worked in
various South American countries and in northern BC to assess risks in mining and forestry sites.
"You learn to recreate geological history in this job," he says, "to understand the forces that
shaped a site over the past 10,000 years or more. You pose questions that have a direct bearing
on people, where they're living, what risks they face, and how safe they can be. It has a real
impact on a community."
Holm sees many parallels in his work as a geoscientist, as a unicylist and an entrepreneur.
He's been able to conflate his experiences and learning in seemingly disparate endeavours
into a unified whole. For one thing, few people understand what he does as a professional
geoscientist, hardly anyone else does it, and communicating the complexities of the activity
is challenging. The same can be said about unicycling.
 lay of the land
"There's also a collective aspect to both types of work," he says. "Even though there's
only one name on the brand, it can't succeed without good social media managers, product
builders and assemblers, distributors and retailers in different countries. Everything works
better when everyone is inspired by a common interest. And that's the same when I'm
managing a geoscience project."
But there's another struggle, one that's common to scientists and to elite athletes.
"As a scientist, you have a passion for your discipline," he says. "You're good at it and
you love it. Then, at some point you get a job and realize that you have to generate money,
especially when you work as a consultant in a company. You're balancing two extremes:
the pursuit of excellence for its own sake, and the need to achieve good profits in business.
"It's even more difficult as an athlete, especially in an independent sport like
mountaineering or unicycling. Some people scorn you if you get sponsors because it
seems that you're selling out, you're not pure. Suddenly I was on TV every two weeks.
How do I stay true to the original reasons I ride? But I couldn't doit at a world level
without sponsorship support. What I learned in professional riding I'm able to translate
into my professional consulting life: doing something you love just for the joy of it,
but also doing it in such a way that you can make a difference and make money."
Another parallel is the risk factor. By definition, investigating the potential of
a damaging slope failure or rampaging creek and effectively communicating that
to the client is fraught with professional peril. Similarly, racing down a mountain
bike trail at breakneck speed (or cruising along the brow of the Chief near
Squamish) is a heart-pounding, injury-inviting enterprise.
"Risk is about management," he says, "whether it's in unicycling or
professional work. It's about focus, about engaging utterly in what you're
doing. Anyway," he adds with a laugh, "I'm able to focus better when I'm
a little scared."
Perhaps that's why he didn't pursue a career as a professional
violinist. Not scary enough. D
Kris Holm lives with his wife and two children at Wesbrook Villa.
UBC. Visit his website at www.krisholm.com.
Unicycles have played a very
small part in the history
of wheeled vehicles, and
when he began riding they
were novelty items aimed
at childrerL_circus  ^
clowns and jugglers.
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 It was late summer in 1988. Back then, sustainability
was a little-used word in the Canadian Oxford, blue
boxes were a rare sight, and the toxic soups dished
up by landfills had gained little of the notoriety they
deserve. Like most of the people she knew, Louise
Schwarz, BA'83, hadn't given a second thought to what
becomes of the trash we throw away.
But on that September day, she was visiting her
friend J0J0 in Seattle, who was "a greenie" and ahead
of the curve. J0J0 pointed out a green bin she'd placed
outside her apartment. "I've got all the people in
the building doing recycling,"
she remarked, "so we're not just Tn DffTM UITTI
throwing it all away." {rUUIAII 7 Al (IN
Schwarz, who had just returned JlnHARi ALUIN
to Vancouver after several years IrAjH IN HtH
teaching ESL in Europe, was not
attuned to environmental issues. Although she had
started noticing some things-the way people still
smoked in hospitals in Italy, for example, and how
crowded some cities were becoming - not once had
she ever considered the life cycle of garbage.
But when J0J0 spoke that day about the concept
of recycling, a realization hit Schwarz "like a ton of
lead bricks": when we throw garbage "away" it is out
of sight and out of mind, but all we are really doing is
shifting its location. Once garbage, always garbage,   t
And what starts out as a seemingly manageable pit
of refuse gets added to and added to, until it becomes
a mountain of toxic metals and stinking, germ-infested
rot - quite possibly near someone else's home - filling
up space and sucking clean air from people and animals
and plants. The more she thought about it, the more
her head reeled.
Over the next few months, Schwarz couldn't shake
the nagging conviction that she had to take on this
garbage monster. "I cannot be a person who stands
on the sidelines and says, 'Oooh, it's a big mess, and
I can't do anythingto change anything'," she says.
At the time, one of her brothers was running a courier
, business. When she observed the "sheer volume of
envelopes" going into his garbage, she knew this was
something she could tackle: she could recycle office
paper. She sent out a letter to commercial enterprises,
offeringto collect their papertrash forthe bargain
basement price of a few dollars a load, "depending
on frequency." She picked her fee out of thin air, she
laughingly admits, but she knew of no other service
like it on which to base her numbers. The letter itself
was simple and direct. The welfare of the environment
"is the most pressing issue we face today," it said, and
it went on to extol recycling as "a necessary alternative
to the ever-growing problem of our waste."
The phone started ringing, and Schwarz's little
non-profit social enterprise was born. She called it
Recycling Alternative. To begin with, it was just Schwarz alone, picking up papertrash in her
Chevy Chevette hatchback, but the venture soon graduated to needing a van, and Schwarz was
joined by her business partner, Robert Weatherbe.
The company switched into full gear as a for-profit business in 1998. Today, they boast a fleet
of 20 vehicles, fueled - whenever possible - with recycled biodiesel, and they service a wide
variety of commercial clients, from offices to shopping malls, restaurants, large apartment
buildings, and even YVR.
In addition to paper, they sort, bale, and deliver soft plastics and cardboard for recycling;
they collect e-waste, batteries, lights, and Styrofoam, and disseminate these to the appropriate
processing specialists; they shred highly sensitive documents for business and residential
clients; and, every day, they collect, aggregate, and deliver tons of food waste for composting.
Always concerned about the impact of their fleet's carbon footprint,
T WA^ TMCT c Weatherbe designed a special vehicle they fondly call the "Zero Waste"
JTf^TMf 11n DADCD truck. It has an engine smallerthan usual for a vehicle its size and bears
1LIUIVU Ul IHILR        threedistinct waste compartments. One Zero Waste truck can do
,Vl LntVtl It the complete rounds of a pickup route and return to the depot having
collected three totally separate recycling streams in a single pass.
In another novel move, they've been running experiments on a revolutionary food composter.
You can feed this composter 10 totes of mouldy, disgusting, messy food waste and, in 24 hours,
you'll have an output of zero food waste and two totes of earth that smells like chicory coffee,
is dry, has no pathogens, and isn't infested with fruit flies, rats, or anything else. Scientists from
UBC's Faculty of Land and Food Systems are working with Recycling Alternative to test the
material's growing yield (see "Miracle Microbe" on the next page).
For a high-volume enterprise such as a convention center or an airport facility, having one
of these composting systems on site means they can scale down from their daily (and often
twice-daily) organics pickups to just one collection per week. Not only would this help them
slash their waste-disposal costs, but the reduced frequency of pickup would mean a lot less
COJs being emitted by garbage trucks. Another advantage is no longer having to contend
with smelly garbage awaiting pickup and tempting rats, mice, and other vermin to the feast.
Near one end of the facility, Weatherbe has a whole row of these composters and is
conducting further experiments to see how they handle plastics. Nobody wants plastics
their compost and, in any case, current binning protocols require that the entire bin has to go
to a landfill if plastics such as sandwich wrappers or sushi trays happen to get dumped in along
with the banana peels and other food waste, "so we wanted to test what happens if we threv
in packaged food - hummus... a tray of sushi," says Schwarz. "What we've discovered isthi
heat in this machine helps break open and coagulate the plastic. The microbes go in and star
Louise Schwarz
. founded Recycling
W^lternative in
sorting it out
Recycling Alternative
shares space with its
Green Hub neighbour,
United We Can.
eating the food, and then it's so much easier to sift out." They run the mix
through a tumbler to catch the macro-plastics, then centrifuge what's left
to separate out the micro-plastics. "Bear in mind, this is experimental,"
Schwarz cautions, "but the goal is a nutrient-rich compost tea." The UBC
scientists are keen to test this end product as well, when it is ready.
The company's focus has always been recycling, Schwarz says, but
what sets them apart is their innovative approach to waste reduction,
and their integrative approach to helping clients improve their own
recycling infrastructure. For example, they help educate clients so they
can choose more environmentally-friendly product lines, meaning less of
their waste must go to a landfill. And long before the City of Vancouver
banned the dumping of organics in regular garbage, Recycling Alternative
was heavily invested in exploring new ways to effectively reduce
clients' organic waste.
Recycling Alternative is, at heart, a community-building enterprise,
and it enjoys sharing space, as well as values such as inclusive
employment, with its Green Hub neighbour, United We Can.
On the depot floor there's a constant ebb and flow of workers. Members
of the binner community stream in with shopping carts overladen with
refundable bottles and cans, and leave with empty carts and the day's
earnings in their pockets. A fair portion of the mountains of pop cans
and beer and wine bottles they bring in would have ended up in landfill if
the binners hadn't retrieved them. The binners belong here. They are an
integral part of this co-location business community, initially envisaged by
Schwarz and Weatherbe and proposed to the City many years ago. Recycling
Alternative and United We Can each has their own separate lease agreement
with the City for their respective portion of the 30,000 square-foot depot,
but there is a notable absence of walls and a striking warmth of spirit.
Crossing the warehouse floor, Schwarz and the binners greet each other
by name. Schwarz is in her element. "When I integrate, it does something
to me. It changes who I am," she says. "And I want my staff to be a part
of this. It opens up their world and their heart, too, to integrate, and to
understand that we are all one. Integration is so important. We're just all
the same, all the same." D
In conjunction with scientists in UBC's Faculty of Land and Food Science,
Recycling Alternative is experimenting with a revolutionary composting
system that harnesses the energy and digestive ability of a microbe
harvested from hydrothermal deep-sea vents off the coast of Japan.
One of the most dramatic attributes of this microbial system is its ability
to decompose waste extremely fast.
If, on a Sunday morning, you
were to feed the contents of |
10 large green bins into one of
these microbial composting
systems, by Monday you would
have zero food waste remaining.
Instead, you would have about
two totes-worth of pasteurized
material that looks a lot like
everyday garden soil and smells
exactly like fresh chicory coffee.
That's an 80 per cent reduction
in volume alone, achieved overnight, plus the remaining product is clean.
Any human pathogens that were growing the night before, on what was
then rotting meat and bones and other stench-ridden food waste, will
have been destroyed, and all traces of pest infestation will be gone.
Not surprisingly, the earthy substance these composters produce so
rapidly from organic waste is more microbially active than the substance
typically generated over the long haul in backyard composting bins. One
potential issue with high microbial activity is that active microbes may
hogthe available nitrogen for their own metabolism, leavingtoo little
for the plants.
But graduate student Zineb Bazza at UBC's Center for Sustainable
Food Systems, working under the supervision of assistant professor
Sean Smukler, has been testing this product for its value as a soil
amendment -which is a way of getting things such as nutrients back
into the soil -and so far Bazza has found that its microbial activity does
not seem to negatively impact plant performance.
UBC Instructor Dr. Will Valley has had the opportunity to field-test
this material in his personal farming business, and his anecdotal
observations coincide with Bazza and Smukler's findings. If you're
working with established plants, such as perennials, "you can use it right
away in the soil as an amendment," he says, "and you can add it as mulch
and it'll bring nutrients back into the soil." He believes the material holds
promise, as well, for use in ecosystem restoration. When a road is being
built, for example, the material could be used to re-establish banks at
the edges of the road. "So it's beyond just agriculture."
Smukler feels the same way. "There are a lot of exciting opportunities
for using this material. We just need to know a bit more about it."
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 It happened in the fall of 2010, when students at UBC
were writing their midterms. Amani Saini's younger
sister, a 19-year-old studying anthropology, called her
family's home in Abbotsford and asked her parents to
come and pick her up. She wasn't feeling well. Saini knew
her sister wouldn't miss exams unless she had been
stricken with something particularly nasty, but she could
not have anticipated the rapid and severe worsening of
symptoms a short time later that would lead to a surreal
and terrifying vigil at Vancouver General Hospital's ICU,
praying for her little sister's life.
Saini's sister was suffering from toxic epidermal
necrolysis. It caused her eyes to burn, her body to
blister, and her skin to peel off. A doctor told the
family to prepare for a funeral, says Saini, still shaken
by the memory.
Almost as shocking as the symptoms and dire
diagnosis was the cause: an adverse drug reaction to
the ibuprofen in a common over-the-counter medication
she had taken to treat an ordinary cold.
Miraculously, after three weeks in hospital, Saini's
sister survived, although her quality of life would not
be the same. Saini, too, was profoundly affected. How
could a non-prescription cold medication lead to
a life-and-death struggle? The doctors told her they
didn't know how it might have been avoided, says Saini,
who couldn't let the issue go. Now she is on a mission to
prevent adverse drug reactions (ADRs) like the one that
nearly killed her sister.
ADRs, which occur when patients experience
a harmful and unintended reaction to a normal dosage
of a drug, kill 10,000 to 22,000 Canadians each year. It's
a number that would place them anywhere between the
third and fifth leading cause of death in Canada, if they
were recorded in the Canadian Vital Statistics Death
Database. But too often, experts say, it's the result of
an ADR, such as toxic epidermal
necrolysis (TEN), that is recorded
as the cause of death, rather than
the ADR itself.
But now, dramatic drops in the
cost of genetic testing, along with
research focused on pinpointing
ADRs influenced by an individual's
genetic makeup, stand to change
that unsettling statistic. Saini is
working closely with researchers at UBC and plans
to play a central role by building an organization to
advocate for policies to prevent ADRs and help those
who fall victim to them.
"There are so many reasons why people die - drunk
driving, dangerous driving, suicide, Alzheimer's, cancers
lung disease - and if you look at these causes, they all
have an [associated] organization that's advocating
for [their prevention]," she says. "It just surprised me that, when my sister got sick, there wasn't
really any resource that we could go to."
Saini, an arts grad who had shied away from science for years, began reading up on ADRs and
possible treatments. She was spurred by anger about the decreased quality of life experienced by
her sister, who took a semester off from UBC after most of her tear ducts were destroyed by TEN
and still suffers from chronic dry eye. She must spend half an hour each morning caring for her
eyes, limit her time in front of computer screens, and use pricey eye drops every day.
Her story is not unusual. Hundreds of thousands of Canadians experience ADRs each year.
The majority survive, but many suffer lasting damage to their bodies. No one knows how big the
problem is. Healthcare providers can report ADRs to a national database, but experts say it's
currently drastically underused. For example, only four
per cent of TEN cases are reported there, according
to a 2004 study from the University of Toronto. New
legislation enacted in 2014 - Protecting Canadians from
Unsafe Drugs Act (Vanessa's Law) - requires mandatory
ADR reporting by healthcare institutions, but this will not
be enforced until supporting regulations are published.
In BC alone, hospital emergency departments treat
about 210,000 patients for ADRs each year, according to
2on research from UBC. In 2015, another UBC study found
that one in 12 visits made by children to a pediatric hospital in Nova Scotia was related to problems
with medications, including ADRs. Such hospital visits, many of which are preventable, come with
a significant price tag: ADRs cost the Canadian healthcare system more than $13 billion each year.
Other countries are already taking advantage of new research and cheaper DNA sequencing.
In Taiwan, eight per cent of the population carry a gene variant that can trigger TEN when they
take certain drugs. Genes that trigger TEN are also common among Southeast Asians and Indians.
(Saini's parents migrated to the Lower Mainland from Punjab, a province in Northwest India.)
Over the last decade, doctors in Taiwan, Thailand and Singapore have begun routinely testing
Hundreds of thousands of
Canadians experience adverse
drug reactions each year. The
majority survive, but many suffer
lasting damage to their bodies.
Amani Saini, BA'09, wants to establish
routine genetic tests in Canada to
combat one of the country's leading,
but little recognized, causes of death.
And for her, it's personal.
patients for these gene variants before prescribing specific
drugs that are known to cause TEN in those countries.
Their stories fired Saini up. In late 2015, she contacted
researchers who studied ADRs in Southeast Asia to
find out more. "That's when I realized this is something
that can be adopted here," recalls Saini, a politics nerd
who has been dedicating her spare time to human rights
causes, such as genocide prevention and landmines
control, since her teen years.
She soon met researchers in Vancouver who were
already building the knowledge needed to prevent ADRs
in Canada. They were based in the same place where her
sister's brush with TEN began - at UBC. In fact, medical
professionals, geneticists and policymakers in BC have
the potential to take a leadership role when it comes
to preventing ADRs, according to Neil Shear, a Toronto
dermatologist who was the founding chair of the
federal government's Canadian Adverse Drug Reaction
Advisory Committee.
More than a decade ago, scientists and doctors
affiliated with UBC, including Bruce Carleton,
Michael Hayden, and UBC geneticist Colin Ross,
BSc'93, spearheaded the Canadian Pharmacogenomics
Network for Drug Safety (CPNDS), a group of clinicians
and researchers across Canada that aims to reduce
serious ADRs in children. The network has made
significant headway, identifying cancer drugs that can
cause deafness and heart problems among children
with specific gene variants. They also discovered that codeine, a common painkiller, can be
life-threatening for breastfed babies if their mothers metabolize it too quickly.
ADRs are "a bigger problem than most people realize," says Ross, who has focused his career
on using genomics to improve the safety and efficacy of drugs. He developed the first gene therapy
to receive regulatory approval in the Western world during his postdoctoral fellowship at UBC.
Over the years, the network has gathered DNA samples from more than 40,000 patients.
They include those who haven't, as well as those who have, had ADRs involving specific drugs.
Most studies require anywhere between 50 and 1,000 willing patients. Volume and in-depth
clinical data are key. Researchers run tests on their DNA samples to identify genetic factors that
might be linked to particular ADRs. Typically, they try to replicate the results with a second, and
sometimes a third, cohort of patients before following up with validation studies using cultured
cells or animal models, explains Ross.
To date, genetic tests in Canada have largely been applied to personalize cancer and HIV
therapies. Pharmacist and UBC researcher Mark Kunzli, BSc Pharm'07 MBA'11, would like to see
the use of genomics expanded to more common drugs. He speaks passionately about the role
of community pharmacists.
Working closely with Ronald Reid, a UBC pharmaceutical sciences professor, and others at
UBC, Kunzli tested a model for how pharmacists could use information from genetic tests to
help with medical prescriptions in more than 30 community pharmacies across BC. One day,
the researchers hope, doctors and pharmacists will have a database containing the genetic
information of patients they can use to personalize treatment plans and reduce ADRs.
Preventing ADRs on a broad scale is a complex challenge, in part because they are so varied.
Even though, as Kunzli points out, "there are certain situations where we know with almost
absolute certainty that if you have a certain gene variant and you take a certain medication at
any dose, you will have an ADR," (which is the case with Asians who have specific gene variants
that trigger TEN), generally speaking, ADRs are caused by any number of drugs and influenced
by many factors, including age, genetics, and how someone's kidney and liver function. They can
also range in severity - from an itchy nose to death.
 bitter pill
Pharmacists are already trained to adjust drugs based on
a variety of factors, ranging from what people eat to how
their livers and kidneys function, says Kunzli. "Now we're
just trying to adjust drugs and drug prescribing based on
gene function."
Martin Dawes, head of UBC's Department of
Family Practice, is working on a practical tool to guide
pharmacists and physicians through the process. He helps
run a personalized medicine company partly owned by
UBC called GenXys, which runs pharmacogenetic tests
on DNA samples of customers and supplies software that
helps patients and physicians make sense of the results.
"The real future is where you've got it on your
smartphone," said Dawes, envisaging the day when our
genetic information is loaded into an app that helps us
make decisions about over-the-counter medication.
But, even as the future holds many possibilities, available
technology and research have yet to be translated into
public policy. "We've been talking about it since 2003 - how
[the Human Genome Project] is going to change everything.
But it hasn't," says Kunzli. "Why hasn't it? Because we
haven't been able to get the policy to support it."
This is what Saini brings to the table. She holds
a master's degree in public administration from Dalhousie
University and has worked on health policy for two provincial
governments. Last year, she wrote a policy proposal that
called on provinces to test Canadians for gene variants that
ADRs are caused by any number of drugs
and influenced by many factors, including
age, genetics, and how someone's kidney
and liver function. They can also range
in severity - from an itchy nose to death.
could trigger ADRs, either when they are born or when
they are prescribed a new drug. In addition to saving
lives, Saini argues that genetic tests to prevent ADRs
would save the healthcare system billions of dollars
and ease the rush in emergency rooms. In November
2016, the Canadian Science Policy Centre recognized
her idea with the Science Policy Award of Excellence
in the youth category, which recognizes "innovative
and compelling evidence-based policy that will make
a difference to Canadians" by those under 35.
Now, with advice and support from Dawes, Kunzli,
Reid and Ross, Saini is establishing a non-profit
organization dedicated to preventing ADRs. In addition
to advocating for targeted genetic testing, Saini plans
to push for electronic health records to give healthcare
providers clear information on a patient's allergies and
gene variants, and support a mandatory national system
for gathering data on ADRs.
"If the evidence isn't there, you can't really act upon
it," she explains. Even everyday interactions with her
sister - like a recent Friday night when she couldn't sleep
over at Saini's because she'd left her eye drops at home
- are a constant reminder of just how important this
evidence can be.
"I'm happy my sister recovered," says Saini. "I feel
really blessed that she did, because other people's
family members don't. But it also does make me very
upset to know it is something that is preventable." D
Highlights from the busy schedule of UBC president Santa J. Ono.
Follow him on Facebook, Instagram, YouTube and Twitter (ffiUBCprez
V-, 4
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'■ ^
I Qave a guest lecture at
I     UBC Okanagam (BIOL 312).
I:: :.@UPCprez:::
^ likeness^)
' &4
***''* Jfl ?\
I   Tet ,he $ift ofa Tom L*e Pi*™
for the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
(the pianist is Terence t>awson
MMus S3, bMA'% chair of the UBC
School of Music's Keyboard division).
„t RecoirtcMo-ti0"
hr ■
Visit trekmagazine.alumni.ubc.ca
to hear a message for UBC alumni
from Professor Ono.
32  ■ TREK
- RT
Ecmo^ l>eVelopme„t
UBC 100
Our free tours from the Welcome Centre will remind
you just how interesting, and dynamic life on campus
can be. This time, you'll see there are a lot of new
adventures, sites and attractions to be discovered for
you or the whole family.
Call us today and book your free tour: 604 822 3313
or email us at alumni.ubc@ubc.ca.
 What have you been up to lately?
Share your latest adventures, unique
stories, milestones, and journeys
with fellow alumni in Class Acts.
Don't be shy. You're a member of
alumni UBC - you've got bragging
rights. Have photographic
evidence? Email high resolution
scans (preferably 300 dpi) to
trek.magazine@ubc.ca. Submissions
should not exceed 200 words.
Having spent a considerable amount of her lifeexploringthe
mountains as a cyclist, skier, runner, and mountaineer, Joanna
Young, BSc'08, BA'08, is no stranger to cold places. Her love of
nature led her north, where she is currently a PhD candidate at
the University of Alaska Fairbanks, studying the effects of climate
change on the loss of glacial mass. She is also program lead for
a unique mountaineering and science education program for
young women called Girls on Ice Alaska.
Her most recent adventure, however, took her to one of the coldest
places on Earth: Antarctica. She was there as part of the inaugural
edition of Homeward Bound, an ambitious 10-year initiative that hopes
to provide training for 1,000 female science leaders with the goal of
increasing the number of women in positions that can influence policy
change for a more sustainable future. In its first year, 76 scientists
from around the world spent almost three weeks travelling the
rugged Antarctic coastline, discussing climate change and making
frequent stops to explore the continent's natural features and
animal inhabitants.
"Antarctica strikes me as one of the last really wild and remote
places," Young says, "but even if not visibly so, it's still being impacted
by humans. Being [there] opened my eyes to the truly global scale of
the negative impacts of human-induced climate change, despite how
distant and uncharted the continent may seem."
While confronting the reality of a changing world was difficult,
Young feels that her experience on the expedition was a positive
one. "I learned that in challengingtimes, there is enormous value in
maintaining relentless optimism. I stepped off the ship with a better
sense of my own personal motivators, and an ability to assess whether
the projects I take on truly align with those." True to Homeward
Bound's mandate,the program also made a significant impact on
Young's approach to leadership: "In my future work, I will be more
intentional about bolstering, valuing, and listening to fellow colleagues,
knowing that these behaviours are what contribute to a productive
team who is invested what they do."
Young's trip was funded by the Alaska Climate Science Center and
the University of Alaska Fairbanks Resilience and Adaptation Program.
Years ago, UBC's class of 1932 established an endowment meant to be
used towards the development of UBC Library's collections. At the time,
they likely envisioned that the funds would go towards new books or a rare
acquisition. It is improbable they could have imagined the kinds of collections
their endowment is funding today, or its tremendous benefit for students -
at UBC and beyond.
The endowment will fund the library's annual contribution to Knowledge
Unlatched, an initiative that brings together libraries from all over the world
via a crowdfunding platform to support Open Access scholarly ebooks in the
humanities and social sciences. Since its inception in 2013, the Knowledge
Unlatched initiative has "unlatched" 449 ebooks, making them available to
readers worldwide.
"We were looking for a way to continue our support of Knowledge
Unlatched this year, and the class of 1932 has come through for us," says
Ellen George, Humanities & Social Sciences librarian at UBC and Knowledge
Unlatched Title Selection Committee member. "It's wonderful that these
UBC alumni, who could never have imagined ebooks or open access, are
helping to fund this initiative."
Can you convince a population of tea connoisseurs to fall in love with
coffee? It's no easy feat, but that's exactly what Matt Chitharanjan, MA'08,
is trying to do. Despite being the seventh-largest coffee producer in the
world, Chitharanjan says, India exports the vast majority of its crops, and
a widespread coffee culture has yet to take root nationwide.
Chitharanjan and his wife Namrata Asthana hope to change this with
Blue Tokai Coffee, their new chain of roasteries-cum-cafes that sources its
beans exclusively from local farms. A long-time coffee lover, Chitharanjan
was disappointed by the dearth of options for a good cup of brew after his
2012 move from Chennai to Delhi. While some major international chains
have made inroads to the Indian market, the most he could find was instant
coffee grounds and stale, expensive imported beans. Moreover, he realized
that there were no retailers showcasing the high-quality, single estate
Arabica beans grown in the country's southern coffee belt.
Seeing an opportunity, the couple used their savings and support from
friends and family to purchase a roaster and began making contacts
with farmers to find the best that they had to offer. Blue Tokai launched
in 2013 as an e-commerce operation, and the response far exceeded
expectations. Not only did individuals take an interest - both within
India and abroad - but wholesalers began picking up their coffee to serve
in restaurants and other commercial operations. Somewhat unexpectedly,
Chitharanjan has also become something of a coffee educator, teaching
customers used to instant coffee about the many ways in which it can be
brewed and offering a selection of presses, grinders, and drip-pots for sale.
Blue Tokai has been so successful that, in 2015, they opened their first
cafe in Delhi, and have since opened two more cafes in Delhi and a second
roastery cafe in Bombay. Last November, Chitharanjan gave a presentation
about his coffee venture to a group of UBC grads who were exploring
India through the alumni UBC Travel Program.
Find out more information at www. bluetokaicoffee.com.
1Q/I Hr
After retiring-rtitaifom her position as Chief of Conservation Services for
the Royal British Columbia Museum in Victoria, Mary-Lou Florian, BA'48, has
devoted her time to research and writing - publishing several books related
to the conservation of museum objects. Keen to make her research more
widely available, Florian approached UBC Library to make her new book
available through its Open Collections. The book- Comparative Anatomy
of Branches, Roots and Wood of Some North American Dicotyledonous and
Coniferous Trees and Woody Shrubs Used in Ethnographic Artifacts: Identification
and Conservation Concerns - is a comparative anatomy of tissues that were
used historically in making ethnographic and archaeological artifacts.
Florian hopes it will be useful as a lab manual for teaching and reference for
research, not only for ethnographic reasons, but also for many aspects of
plant anatomy and identification and forestry.
e great tenni:
Thanks to some great tennis in 2016, George Morfitt, BCom'58, has attained
the #1 ranking in the Men's 80+ Singles category in Canada. Now retired
from squash and racquetball, Morfitt once held the #1 rankings in both
these sports as well. He is a former president of Tennis BC, Squash BC
and Squash Canada, and a former chair of the Canadian Sport Centre
Pacific.      Norman A. Gillies, BA'58, BSW'61, founded the Center for
Counter-Conditioning Therapy (c-ctherapy.org). It offers an approach to
mental health based on a clinical discipline Gillies calls Clinical Ethnology.
Your next important
meeting could be
in Vancouver's best
boardroom. For free.
With space for board meetings,
business retreats, training sessions,
receptions and catered events,
the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
on UBC's Point Grey campus can
accommodate your every need.
Contact us to learn more.
TO    Robert H. Lee
Alumni Centre
alumnicentre.ubcca | 604 8221922 | 6163 University Blvd,
 class acts
Edelgard Mahant (nee Petzelt), BA'62, was not prepared to retire when
she reached the age of 65 in 2006. She loved her job as a professor at York
University so much that she found another one like it, in Botswana. There she
became a part of local life - not a visitor, but a professor who, like the locals,
travelled on the mini-buses and shopped in the supermarkets. After returning
to Canada in 2012, she wrote a book about her life in Botswana: Grandma's
Gone to Africa. One Woman's Journey to Botswana the Good. (Toronto: EP2M
Enterprises, 2016). It is her first non-academic book; she hopes that readers
will find it enjoyable, amusing and perhaps even informative.      Richard
Garner, BSc'63, (MD'67 Johns Hopkins), continues to practice orthopaedic surgery
in Anchorage, Alaska, with a tentative retirement date of April 2018.     Rick
Atkinson, BCom'64, published his second book on retirement planning in
the summer of 2016. Strategies for Retiring Right! is designed to help readers
build a personal retirement plan to enhance life after work. Rick's first book,
Don't Just Retire - Live It, Love It! (2009) became a bestseller. He is founder of
RA Retirement Advisors (Toronto), helping boomers successfully transition
into retirement. For information, visit www.whencaniretire.info. • Fred
Affleck, BA(Hons)'66, is celebrating 45 years in Australia with his wife Margaret,
a retired teacher, musician, and artist. They moved there after three years in
Ottawa - Affleck having received his PhD in history at the University of London
- and lived in Perth, Adelaide, and Sydney. Affleck worked in government,
as a management consultant, as a senior executive in two national railway
companies and as a professor at Curtin University and The University of
Western Australia, researching transportation and urban/regional planning.
In semi-retirement, he served as a member of Australia's National Transport
Commission and as chair or deputy chair in Crown corporations, including
Western Australia's Fremantle Port Authority. Affleck was recently appointed
.uch Ado
About Nothing
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Merchant Gentlemen
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rk Leiren-Young
une 1 to September 23 • Vanier Park
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an Officer in the Order of Australia for his long career of service to the
transportation industry and the arts. Since retiring, he has been volunteering
as reforming president of Arts Margaret River in southwest Australia's top
wine and beach resort town.      Pierre Josseron, B/V66, says he transferred
from the University of Lausanne (Switzerland) to UBC in order to broaden his
horizons. It worked. After two years teaching in Burundi, he began his career as
a delegate of the International Committee of the Red Cross. This work-which
has concerned the protection of civilian populations, refugees, and prisoners
of war- has taken him to the Israel-occupied territories of Gaza and the
West Bank; Nicaragua just after the Sandinista Revolution; East Timor under
Indonesian occupation; Iran just after the Khomeini Revolution; Argentina,
Chile and Uruguay under their former military regimes; Peru in the context
of the Sendero Luminoso guerilla warfare; Geneva during the Argentina/
UKconflict over the South Atlantic islands, when he was in charge of the
Red Cross Task Force; Indonesia; Australia/Pacific, where he lectured law
students on International Humanitarian Law and was involved in protection
activities following the coup d'etat in Fiji; Thailand, for the protection of
Cambodian refugees escaping the Khmer Rouge; Armenia, in the context of
war with Azerbaijan; Uzbekistan and former Soviet Central Asia, following the
breakup of the Soviet Union; and Syria. He is spending his retirement in both
Switzerland (his homeland) and Portugal (for the ocean and the horizon).
^1  ^\ ^^ ^N
Ron Newman, BSc(Geophysics)yo, has been elected vice president of the
Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysicists for 2017.      Lyall D. Knott,
QC, BCom'71, LLB'72, (MLaws, University of London), has been elected to the Board
of Directors of The Urology Foundation. The Urology Foundation supervises
a fund which is dedicated to research, education and development of
new technology in the field of urology.     Aileen Stalker, BSc'77, MA'92, has
published a new book, Snowshoe Trails in Southwestern British Columbia with
Rocky Mountain Books.      Stikeman Elliott lawyers Ross MacDonald, LLB'92,
and Noordin Nanji, BSc'79, (LLB'82, York U.), were recently appointed Queen's
Counsel in recognition of their contributions to the profession. They were
among 40 selected from 179 nominations. MacDonald was one of six lawyers
who opened the Vancouver office of Stikeman Elliott, a commercial real
estate practice, in 1988. Nanji is a corporate lawyer and chairs the Vancouver
General Hospital and UBC Hospital Foundation.
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Anna Krause, BEd'84, edited Wetion and The Pilot and the Parrot, e-book
musicals written and produced by James Allan Krause, PhD, her husband,
whom she met at UBC in 1979. A third e-book musical, The Gardens of Venus,
is expected in 2020. All three unique works include original compositions,
and 10-scene standalone plays built into the larger productions. They are
available through Booktrack.com. The Krauses live happily in Courtenay on
Vancouver Island. • Sandra Yuen MacKay, B/V89, an artist and the author
of My Schizophrenic Life: The Road to Recovery from Mental Illness, received
the 2012 Courage to Come Back award, was chosen for the 2012 Faces of
Mental Illness campaign, and received the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal
for being a spokesperson on mental health issues. Recently, Yuen MacKay
published her first novel Chop Shtick, an engaging satirical story about
artists, mental illness, triumph, loss, life and relationships, told with humour
through the eyes of a Chinese schizophrenic female artist. Since 2013, she
has been a director for the Coast Foundation Society Board that governs
Coast Mental Health and continues to build awareness and support those
with mental illness.      Last year, the Royal Life Saving Society celebrated its
125th anniversary, and Nicole Liddell, BA'89,MA'93, who is a past president of
Lifesaving Society Canada's BC & Yukon branch, was one of 125 members to
receive a commemorative certificate of merit for their voluntary contributions
to the work of the RLSS, particularly in the fields of sport, youth and drowning
prevention. Liddell has been involved for 25 years, including as an examiner,
event contributor, committee member and branch board member. Recently,
she has been involved on the Sponsorship Committee for Lifesaving Society
Canada's hosting of the 2017 World Conference on Drowning Prevention in
Vancouver this October. Liddell and the other honourees also received an
invitation to a reception at Buckingham palace from the patron of the Royal
Life Saving Society, Queen Elizabeth, and its Commonwealth president Prince
Michael of Kent. Also in attendance were the Duke of Edinburgh, Princess
Michael of Kent, and the Duke and Duchess of Gloucester.
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Ambrose Mong, MA'93, has written Guns and Gospel: Imperialism and
Evangelism in China. It is an exploration of the history of Christian missionary
work in China and its often ambiguous and uneasy relationship with
European imperialism.      In November 1916, after 46 years of teaching music
theory, Keiko Parker, MA'93, received the inaugural Teacher of Distinction
Award from the Royal Conservatory of Toronto at a ceremony held at the
Chan Centre on UBC's Vancouver campus. She has two concert pianist sons,
Jon Kimura Parker (UBCMusic, 1977-79) and Jamie Parker, BMus'85, who both
studied at Juilliard. Jamie is pianist in the Juno-winning Gryphon Trio. Keiko's
daughter, Elizabeth Anne Fumiko Parker, BMus'92, also studied at UBC. In
1993, Keiko received her master's in English, after studying on a part-time
basis. She spends her retirement years translating Jane Austen's novels
into Japanese. Her translations of Emma and Persuasion have already been
published in Tokyo and Mansfield Park is due out this year.     Stevie Jay,
BA'98, plays the lead role in Blood Empires, released last December. He also
plays the role of Detective Joseph in 2017's You Don't Know Dick.
Phil Chow holds a 2002 Certific
Phil Chow holds a 2002 Certificate in Internet Publishing from UBC Continuing
Education. He recently started a digital consulting agency, noticedwebsites.com,
which allows him to work anywhere in the world with Wi-Fi connectivity. Now
based in Vancouver, he hopes to become a digital nomad, working and travelling
for up to a year. • Vancouver-based MIZA Architects, founded in 2015 by
David Zeibin, MArch'08, and Mike Wartman, MArch'08, was recently honoured
with two top awards in the 2016 City of Edmonton Infill Design Competition.
The company was Best in Class for the Single Detached home category, and
Best Overall in the entire competition. MIZAs team also included intern Warren
Scheske (BA'09, MArch'14). Infill development usually earmarks undeveloped
urban land for construction projects and is a contentious topic in Edmonton.
The Infill Design Competition showcased design innovation and redirected the
conversation toward beneficial infill development. MIZAs entry, titled SlimCity,
describes a 17-foot wide "skinny" house designed with environmental features,
long-term flexibility for a variety of users, and the capacity to quadruple the
number of people living on the site.
Two-time Journey Prize nominee Lori McNulty, MFA'12, has published her
debut short story collection, Life on Mars, drawing positive reviews from
authors including Zsuzi Gartner and Alexander MacLeod. McNulty has been
a finalist for the CBC Short Story Prize, the CBC Creative Nonfiction Prize,
and the Edna Staebler Personal Essay Contest.     William Tham, BSc'16,
has join the editorial board of the Ricepaper, a pioneering Asian-Canadian
literary magazine. His first novel, Kings of Petaling Street, was published
by Fixi London and draws from the stories that he heard growing up in
Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. He has been keeping busy with various positions in
diverse fields, including education, quality assurance, and data analysis. D
Meet minutes
from downtown,
but a world away.
With space for board meetings,
business retreats, training sessions,
receptions and catered events,
the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
on UBC's Point Grey campus can
accommodate your every need.
Contact us to learn more.
TO    Robert H. Lee
Alumni Centre
alumnicentre.ubcca | 604 8221922 | 6163 University Blvd,
Sustainability is a core value for UBC
- an aspiration grounded in the fact
that its campuses are the size of small
cities and represent a microcosm of the
challenges facing cities around the world.
The university's commitment to research
and innovation in the field of sustainability
will support the emergence of the next
generation of technologies, financial
vehicles and policies that will ensure the
future of our global cities is a positive one.
Dr. James Tansey is executive director of the UBC
Sustainability Initiative and the Sauder Centre for
Social Innovation and Impact Investing. Here he
discusses what UBC - one of the most sustainable
campuses in the world - is doing to be a model
for sustainable urban transformation.
Q: Sustainability- how would you define it?
I would define sustainability in terms of our capacity
as a species to innovate in response to the unintended
consequences of social change and economic
development. Since the beginning of the industrial
revolution, sustainability has been about the challenge of
improving human well-being through economic growth
while also operating within the boundaries of natural
systems. There has always been a tension here, and that
also translates into debates about the social impacts of
economic growth, issues related to equity, and the right
to basic human security. To me, sustainability is really
about the need to innovate and I am always optimistic
that we can solve the problems we've created.
Q: You often reference the idea of future cities.
What do you envision for the cities of the future
and why focus on cities?
The city has provided the nexus for almost all the
major innovations that have emerged in the last two
centuries, and by 2050 some 70 per cent of the world's
population will reside in urban centres. While cities
offer opportunities to increase the efficiency of resource
use, they also create huge demands on energy, water
and food systems.
In terms of energy, for example, cities account for
approximately 67 per cent of the total global energy use.
Today, low natural gas prices still make it tougher for
alternative energy sources to compete, but the cost of
solar will continue to decline. In the cities of the future,
advances such as glass that can harness the sun's
power - so skyscrapers could be covered in windows
that double as solar panels - have the potential to propel
widespread use of solar energy.
Ultimately, we need to develop sustainable, intelligent,
innovative and equitable cities that embrace innovation.
I believe Vancouver is a globally leading example.
Q: What are some of the key challenges to
overcome in terms of urban sustainability and how
can universities play a role in overcoming them?
The core challenge is how we integrate built form
with transportation, energy and resource systems in
a way that contributes positively to our quality of life.
UBC is a living laboratory for the kinds of urban systems
we need to create in order to deliver on these goals.
Given its size and population, the Vancouver campus
already functions like a city. Many of our projects
already have a direct application to urban sustainability:
we've built high-performance
buildings, including the world's
tallest contemporary wood
building; delivered award-winning
public realm projects; adopted
electric vehicle fleets; supported
smart energy grid research; and
incorporated a renewable energy
system, the Bioenergy Research
and Demonstration Facility, as part
of our campus energy sources.
By providing a microcosm of the
challenges faced by cities, we can
support an innovation agenda that will shape the cities
of the future. Over the course of our recent evolution,
as we solve one set of challenges, new ones emerge.
So our capacity to innovate is not just an economic
imperative, it's essential for us to thrive as a species.
We also have a responsibility to ensure our students
leave as responsible global citizens. To ensure their
success, we provide on and off-campus opportunities
for students to develop applied skills and make a positive
impact in the community.
How UBC is modelling
sustainable urban
Q: The university committed itself to a policy of sustainability in 1997.
Looking back, what are you particularly proud of in terms of UBC's efforts?
Looking back, our overall efforts are indeed remarkable.
UBC now offers more than 50 sustainability-related academic programs and more
than 600 sustainability-oriented courses, and hosts more than 400 faculty working on
sustainability-related research. Students can also participate in initiatives such as the
Sustainability Scholars Program - which provides them with applied experiences and
helps advance the sustainability goals of our partners, including the City of Vancouver and
Metro Vancouver - or the SEEDS Sustainability Program, which teams them with faculty
and staff to tackle operational sustainability challenges amounting to more than a hundred
projects each year.
Operationally, we've had many firsts for Canada.
In 1997, we were the first campus to develop a sustainable
development policy, and the following year were the first
to open a sustainability office and publish a campus-wide
sustainability strategy. We've reduced our greenhouse gas
emissions 33 per cent relative to 2007 levels - and that's as
our student population increased by 20 per cent and our
campus footprint by 16 per cent over the same period.
These climate action achievements were made possible
through our renewable energy Bioenergy Research and
Demonstration Facility, the replacement of the Vancouver
campus' aging steam heating infrastructure with a more
efficient hot water heating system, the opening of the
new Campus Energy Centre, and continued focus on green buildings and engagement and
behaviour-change programs. Now we are moving toward the 2020 emissions reduction target
of 67 per cent, and beyond to reach the 2050 target of zero emissions.
What makes me proudest, however, is the passion and enthusiasm of our students, who
continue to explore and innovate. Just recently, a PhD student (now an alumnus) developed
an innovative way to use the university's existing Wi-Fi network to determine the number of
building occupants and adjust ventilation accordingly - saving energy without sacrificing air
quality. His patent-pending innovation is the basis of a start-up called Sensible Building Science
and is being installed at campuses across BC. As far as we know, it's the first of its kind in North
America. And I expect we'll see more examples like this in the future. D
 Brock Commons reflects UBC's
leadershin in sustainable constm
and its commitment to providing
students with more on-campus housing.
The structure was built using recent
advances in engineered timber products
and building techniques, demonstrating
that wood is a viable sustainable
option for high-rise applications, while
creating unique research and learning
opportunities on campus.
Robert H.Lee
Alumni Centre
/   _
TheAMS Nest is UBC's new student
union building. Opened in 2015, the
goal is *LEED Platinum Certification.
Sustainability highlights include
solar-powered heating and cooling
systems, in-vessel composting
facilities, stormwater management,
and a roof-top garden and a child-care
facility. The Nest also incorporates more
than 100 Social, Environmental, and
Economic Studies (SEEDS) student-led
sustainability projects.
Chemistry Centre
More than 80 per cent of the wood used
in the centre's construction came from
sustainably managed forests, almost
15 per cent of other materials were
from recycled sources, and more than
75 per cent of construction waste was
■ diverted from landfills. Water-efficiency
I measures save 164,000 litres per year,
and elements such as sensor-controlled
- lighting and heat-recovery ventilators are
I   designed to reduce energy consumption.
All this helped to earn the building
*LEED Gold certification last year.
^Ju This renovated heritage building now
'j features state-of-the-art labs and lecture
theatres, plus high-efficiency lighting
and a heat-recovery system that reduce
J energy use by 21 per cent annually
J compared with a standard building. It is
an outcome of the UBC Renew program,
which minimizes the financial and
environmental impacts of demolition
and new construction. The program has
1 kept 313 tonnes of waste from landfill
= and saved five million litres of v
C.K. Choi Building
Bioenergy Research
& Demonstration
Facility (BRDF)
Centre for Interactive
Research on
Sustainability (CIRS)
Earth Sciences
Building (ESB)
Using renewable fuels, BRDF produces
steam, electricity, and hot water for
use in campus buildings. It wasthe
first project of this scale in North
America capable of generating both
clean heat and power using biomass -
a plant-ba_sed, carbon-neutral alternative
to fossil fuels. Research aimed at
reducing GHG emissions and fossil fuel
consumption is also conducted on site.
The BRDF has already reduced campus
emissions hvi/i ner rent
ESB features the largest application
of cross laminated timber (CLT) in
North America, using over 1,300 tons
of BC-sourced and engineered CLT.
Each ton of dry wood products
sequesters sufficient carbon to keep
between 1.8 and 2.0 tons of CO from
being formed. ESB also features
a high-efficiency envelope, a timber
cantilevered staircase, high-performance
window glazing, thermal energy
exchange and a stormwater
management system.
fEr        Campus        S
Energy Centre   2:
UBC Farm
District Energy
System (ADES)
Electric Vehicle
Charging Stations
'UBC's first green building was
the C.K. Choi Building, which set I
benchmarks worldwide when it opened
in 1996. Nearly half of all building
materials came from former buildings
and streets, including red bricks from
demolished buildings and wood beams
"' from UBC's old Armoury. Waterless
M toilets save 1,000 to 1,500 gallons of
1 water per day and collected rainwater
I is used for irrigation.
UBC's first LEED Platinum certified
building, CIRS models regenerative
design as it relates to environmental and
human well-being. The buildingfeatures
wood sourced from forests affected by
pine beetles and includes a seasonally
responsive living wall, solar panels,
radiant panel heat ventilation, a green
roof and a wastewater treatment lab.
CIRS is UBC's hub for sustainability and
well-being and home to researchers,
students and operational units.
The Centre for Sustainable Food
Systems (CSFS), located at the UBC
Farm, is a unique research centre that
aims to understand and fundamentally
transform local and global food systems
:owards a more food-secure future.
t integrates interdisciplinary academic,
community, and production programs
to explore and exemplify healthy and
sustainable food systems.
Begun in 2011, this five-year $88 million conversion project replaced UBC's aging steam infrastructure with a more
, efficient hot-water system comprising more than 11 km of underground piping. It was one of the largest projects of
S its kind in North America, and an integral component of UBC's Climate Action Plan. The primary energy source for
" this new system is the Campus Energy Centre (#10 on map), a state-of-the-art hot water boiler facility capable of
meeting all of UBC's heating requirements. The new system has reduced thermal energy use by 24 per cent, cut G
_5% emissions by more than 22 per cent, and saved $5.5 million annually in operational and energy costs. The ADES als
- offers opportunities for researchers, students, staff and industry partners to collaborate in exploring and developing
green technologies in areas such as geothermal energy, biomass gasification, ocean thermal energy, solar eawgy
■   and waste-heat recovery.
As part of UBC's goal to reduce
greenhouse gas emissions to zero,
18 electric vehicle charging stations
were installed in 2013 to encourage the
community to go electric. UBC isthe \
second largest commuter destination ir\
Metro Vancouver. The stations can also
be used as a platform for innovation.
For example, exploring how electric
cars might be used as emergency
generators in case of a natural disaster.
LEED stands for Leadership in Energy and Environmental Design, a
is a rating system that encourages sustainable construction. Buildings
can be rated Certified, Silver, Gold or Platinum, and points are awarded
based on their performance in the following categories: sustainable
sites, water efficiency, energy and atmosphere, materials and resources,
indoor environment, innovation and design process, and regional priority.
 V   V   V
Number of active members
on the rolls at the second
meeting of the executives
of the recently formed UBC
/I   Alumni Association in 1917.
"My hope for the pole
i that it moves people to
learn more about the history
of residential schools and to
understand their responsibility to
reconciliation. The schools were
terrible places. Working on the pole
has been difficult but I have loved
it too. We need to pay attention
to the past and work together on
a brighter future."
James Hart on the 55-foot Reconciliation
Pole he carved, which tells the story of the
time before, during, and after the Indian
residential school system. The pole was
raised on the Vancouver campus on
April 1. (UBC News)
"If you really want to treat substance
use as a public health issue, then it's
really important to base your policy on
evidence. Otherwise, if you continue
to base your policy on ideology,
it's not going to solve the problem."
UBC alumna Kanna Hayashi, PhD'i3, who in
March was named first holder of the St Paul's
Hospital Chair in Substance Use
Research. (Roundhouse Radio)
"Moved by Miss Peck and Mr. Wright that
an Alumni Association be formed. Carried.
The 14-word minute from a meeting on May 4,
1917, that established alumni UBC.
Number of
UBC alumni today.
In 1929
alumni UBC's
first branch
was established in
Toronto, with 40 members.
Today there are close to 8,000 '
UBC alumni living in Toronto.
Number of alumni who
volunteered at UBC over
the 2016-17 year, 1,289
of them as mentors.
Number of alumni who
engaged with UBC over
the 2016-17 year, '5^51
of them for the first time.
"... any full-time alumni director
should be full of enthusiasm and optimism;
persistence and patience; tolerance and
understanding; dedication and faith; great
stamina and a strong sense of humour; loyalty
and humility.... You surely must be a little crazy
to go into this demanding type of work!"
Frank J. E. Turner, BCom'39, was alumni UBC's first
full-time employee. Hired in 1945, he worked out of room
207 in Brock Hall. The quote is from an article he wrote in
the 1966 50th anniversary issue of the UBC Alumni
Chronicle, a predecessor of this magazine
"The team concocted
a whimsical and tasteful
installation entitled
Macro Maki in which
festival attendees can don
pillow-sized sushi costumes
and shoot selfies on a stage that's
designed like a massive wooden
sushi tray or engage in other
various shenanigans, outlandish
waggery, and other nonsensical
skimdimmery for no apparent reason."
The Georgia Straight's Craig Takeuchi,
BA'96, MA'02, reports on the
winning entry for an interaction-
based structure for the
2017 Powell Street
Festival, concocted
by UBC Architecture
master's candidates.
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Jimmy Campbell, BSc'42, and Lorraine
Campbell (nee Thompson), BSc'42, MSc'44
The Faculty of Land and Food Systems focuses on
the connections between agriculture and communities.
Nowhere was this more apparent than in the lives
of its graduates Jimmy and Lorraine Campbell. The
Campbells graduated from the Faculty of Agriculture
and farmed on Saturna Island for approximately
70 years prior to their recent deaths on November 29,
2015, (Jimmy) and February 16,2016 (Lorraine). Jimmy's
agriculture career began with an undergraduate project
to grow flax for fish net production, which he carried
out on the farm of Lorraine's father. Lorraine was one
of few women undergraduates in the faculty, and
even fewer women master's students at the time she
completed her MSc in plant nutrition and raspberry
production. While Jimmy's flax project failed, it initiated
a lifelong devotion to agriculture and to Saturna Island, where they moved
after Jimmy left the Canadian Navy following WWII. Here they raised cattle,
chickens, lots of vegetables, and lambs, including those for the annual July 1st
Saturna Island Lamb Barbeque that attracts more than 1,000 people annually.
Over the years the Campbells hosted visiting students from UBC and around
the world, and provided opportunities for them to learn about sustainable
agriculture, rural communities and the marine environment. Jimmy and
Lorraine were community leaders in the southern Gulf Islands. In 1993 Lorraine
received a Canadian 125th Anniversary medal in recognition of her many
volunteer activities, including 19 years on the board of the Lady Minto Gulf
Islands Hospital and 13 years as a school trustee. Jimmy also served 12 years
on the Gulf Island School Board, 10 years on the Capital Regional District Board
(as chair for seven) and two years on the Islands Trust. The Campbells had four
children, Jimmy (deceased), Tommy, Nan and Jacques (Jacqui). The Campbell
farm continues as an important aspect of the Saturna Island community.
Lucy Berton Woodward, BA'43
Artist, writer, lively personality, dedicated gardener,
handywoman, unparalleled baker of raspberry
pie, loving mom and grandmother, Lucy died on
December 9, 2015. She was born in Dawson City, where
she and her brother Pierre had an idyllic childhood
playing amid the ruins of the Gold Rush and drifting
down the Yukon River in their parents' little boat. Lucy
wrote two children's adventure books set in the Yukon,
Johnny in the Klondike (1964), co-authored with her mother, Laura Beatrice
Berton, and Kidnapped in the Yukon (1968). The Depression led the family
to Victoria and then to Vancouver, where Lucy wrote for The Ubyssey while
attending UBC. After stints at the Vancouver News-Herald, a dress designer's
studio, the Weather Office, the UBC President's Office and an advertising
agency, she met Geoffrey Woodward through the Players' Club Alumni of
UBC theatre group. They married in 1950. As she started a family- son Berton
and daughter Paisley - Lucy continued to write. She also did publicity for arts
organizations and, from 1968-70, wrote the Vancouver Sun's "Here and There"
social column. She was a loving mother, a skilled seamstress and someone able
to fix almost anything. She held liberal, secular views and possessed a fierce
sense of independence. After Geoff's retirement from BC Hydro, the couple
moved to White Rock in 1975. There they enjoyed their magnificent view, often
taking in the sunset with drink in hand. They also travelled abroad. After Geoff
died in 1998, Lucy continued to garden, paint prolifically, and study her family's
genealogy. She was blessed to live in her own home and have clarity of mind
almost to the end. She died peacefully, of old age, at Peace Arch Hospice in
White Rock, surrounded by loved ones.
Joyce Sihota, BA'46, BSW'47
Joyce slipped peacefully out of this life on February 18,2017, in Nanaimo, BC,
surrounded by her loving family. She was born in Peace River, Alberta, on
October 16,1925, and after obtaining both a BA and BSW from UBC, became
the director of Camp Alexandra in Crescent Beach. She dedicated her life
to supporting her husband and raising her family of seven children in South
Surrey. When her husband retired in 1986, the couple moved to Abbotsford to
start a blueberry farm, and for several years Joyce chaired the BC Blueberry
Council. As a person she always considered others first, and as a mother,
grandmother and great-grandmother, she was selflessly devoted to her
family. She will be deeply missed. She leaves behind her husband of 68 years,
Dedar, children Paul (Kensey), Jan, Kim (Kathryn), Darshan (Shalene), Karen,
Don (Denis), Chris (Cal), 15 grandchildren, 10 great-grandchildren, her sister
Dorothy, sister-in-law Dial, and many nieces and nephews. In lieu of flowers,
the family suggests a memorial donation in Joyce's name be made to the
Victoria Epilepsy and Parkinson's Centre (www.vepc.bc.ca).
Gordon Webster, BSc'49, MSc'51
Dr. Gordon Webster, BSc'49, MSc'51, passed away
in November 2016. He taught soil chemistry at the
University of Alberta from i960 to 1987.
Pete Steele, BSc'50
Peter was born on January 11,1926, near Vermillion,
AB. Peter served in the RCAF, including a brief stint
in England at the end of WWII. He was in England on
VE Day and in Vancouver on VJ Day. After graduating
from UBC, he went on to earn a master's in agriculture
at Washington State College (now Washington State
University), eventually moving to Seattle and becoming
a US citizen. He worked for 34 years at Carnation
Fresh Milk and Ice Cream Company, holding positions such as quality control
director and milk plant superintendent. Peter met his sweetheart, Mary Jane
Ferguson, at a Skandia folk dance and they married on July 9, i960. An avid
mountain climber with the Washington Alpine Club and Mountaineers, Peter
 in memonam
summited every major peak in Washington and Oregon. After taking the
Mountaineer climbing course, Peter and some friends started the Washington
Alpine Course, which still exists today. He was a dedicated skier and instructor
for years before serving 15 years on the volunteer ski patrol at Ski Acres and
achieving National status. At the age of 86, he hosted his extended family at
Sun Peaks Resort in BC and skied five days in a row. He thoroughly enjoyed
folk, round, and square dancing. He and MJ camped first with a tarp, then
a tent, a 19 ft. tent trailer for 17 years, and then a 29 ft. fifth wheel trailer for
23 years. He always had projects in his shop, tinkering with mechanical/
electrical inventions. After living a fulfilling life, Peter passed away June 29,
2015, surrounded by his loving family. He is survived by Mary Jane; his sister,
Barbara McGillvray; daughters Dana (Michael) Korch and Diane (Dick)
Sine; son David (Danielle); and his adoring grandchildren Benjamin, Elena,
and Annalise Korch, Tara and Emmett Steele, Kim McKeown, and Michael
and Stephen Sine.
Raymond Ernest Counsel I, BSc'53
Raymond E. Counsell, PhD, passed away peacefully
on March 21, 2016, in Bonita Springs, FL, with his wife
Liz by his side. Ray was born in Vancouver in 1930.
At the age of 10, he was hired as a delivery boy for
a local pharmacy. Upon graduation from high school,
the minister of his church recommended that he
attend university.
Ray enrolled at UBC and, in 1953, received his
bachelor's degree in pharmacy, along with the Horner Gold Medal as
the top student in his class. He subsequently attended the University
of Minnesota in Minneapolis and graduated with his PhD in medicinal
chemistry and organic chemistry. In 1957, he married Elizabeth Short and
the couple moved to Evanston, IL, where Ray became a senior research
chemist at pharmaceutical company G.D. Searle.
In 1963 Ray was recruited to the University of Michigan to establish a new
program in radiopharmaceuticals for the diagnosis and treatment of cancer.
Over the course of the next 40 years, Professor Counsell was supported by
grants from the National Institutes of Health and oversaw the training of
many doctoral students and postdoctoral fellows. Moreover, his laboratory
gave rise to numerous agents subsequently used for the diagnosis and
treatment of cancer. Among his numerous awards, Dr. Counsell received
a Fogarty Fellowship, the Doctor Honoris Causa from the University of
Ghent, Belgium, and the Alumni Outstanding Achievement Award of the
University of Minnesota.
Ray was a wonderful role model, had a great sense of humor, and loved
his family dearly. In addition to his wife of 58 years, he is survived by three
children: Steve Counsell (Carol), Ron Counsell (Shelly), and Cathy Martin
(Mike); six grandchildren and two great-grandchildren; nephew David
Counsell (Wendy) and Liz's niece Stephanie Allin (Maurice).
John (Jack) Cooke, BA'54
Jack passed away peacefully in his sleep at Vancouver General Hospital at the
age of 85 on November 1,2016. Born in Vernon, BC, Jack was the second of
three children born to Edward and Irene Cooke. After being raised in Vernon
Jack went on to complete an undergraduate degree in sciences at UBC, an
MBA at the University of Western Ontario, and a teaching certificate at UBC.
Jack became a teacher and, while teaching in Salmon Arm, he met Brenda,
whom he married in 1966. Jack and Brenda moved to Courtenay and then
Victoria. In Victoria, Jack taught for several years
at Mount View. He then turned to a career in real
estate and then accounting/tax preparation. Jack's
two keen hobbies were fishing and farming. He often
spoke fondly of fishing with his father in the Okanagan
and guiding for several years out of Campbell River.
In Victoria, Jack took on a keen interest in fruit and
vegetable farming and revitalizing a heritage orchard
in Shirley. The family enjoyed many weekends and
holidays at the farm and shore excursions. With son John, several visits
were made to Brenda's family in the UKand other European destinations.
Subsequently, Jack and Brenda travelled further afield along the Pacific Rim.
The final exploration - a river cruise from Amsterdam to Budapest - was his
final voyage, much enjoyed. Jack leaves with fond memories his wife of over
50 years, Brenda, his son John, daughter-in-law Louise, grandson Daniel and
granddaughter Natalie. The family express their deepest gratitude to the
medical and health aid staff at Victoria General Hospital, of note the ICU.
If desired, donations may be made in his memory to the Heart and Stroke
Foundation of Canada. To offer a condolence please visit www.earthsoption.com
Alan Clifford Casselman, BA'56, BSW'65
Alan Casselman passed peacefully at the age of 84, after a brief battle
with dementia. He was a kind man with a laid-back demeanour and
a twinkle in his eye. In his day, he enjoyed fishing, travel, his hobby farm
and a good coffee. Predeceased by his wife of 47 years, Silvia Casselman,
Alan is survived by his sons, Joel and Ian Casselman, daughter-in-law Kim
Casselman and granddaughter Ella. In lieu of flowers, a kind donation to
the Heart and Stroke Foundation of Canada or the Alzheimer Society of
Canada is greatly appreciated.
Q    Bernard Anthony Heskin, BASc'58, PEng, EEC
August 20,1934 - December 17, 2016
With great sadness, we wish to announce the passing
of Bernie on December 17 at the age of 82. He was
the only child of John (Jack) and Elizabeth (Cissie)
Heskin. He will be dearly missed by Marie, BSN'58,
his wife of 55 years; sons John, BCom'86 (Ana Maria),
Michael, BCom'87, David, BA'91, BEd, MSpED'n (Karen)
and daughter Mary Anne, BCom'94 (Brad); and his
beloved grandchildren Hannah, Matthew and Trevor Pruner.
Born in Vancouver, he grew up in Dunbar and later Selma Park (Sechelt).
He was a member of the first graduating class of Elphinstone High School,
from where he entered UBC and graduated in 1958 as a Civil Engineer.
His professional career was spent with the federal government, first with
the Department of Fisheries. Later he joined the newly formed Department
of the Environment, serving for many years as the regional director of EPS
for BC & the Yukon. In 2009, he was awarded the designation Fellow of
Engineers Canada (FEC) for contributions to his profession.
Neil William Macdonald, BA'58, MA'6o, MPE'91
The first in his family to go to university, Neil earned three degrees from UBC:
a bachelor's and a master's in psychology and another master's in physical
education. He also had a master's in journalism ('67) from the University
of Oregon and a PhD in mass communications ('66) from the University of
Minnesota. Neil was a Renaissance man. He was
invited to a Pittsburgh Pirates training camp only to
have his pro baseball dreams cut short by rheumatic
fever. He became a sports reporter for The Province and
the Eugene Register-Guard, which were the happiest
days of his life. He won a national award for an article in
Old Oregon, wrote book reviews for the Vancouver Sun,
and late in life was a sports reporter for The Northern
Light in Blaine, WA. He became a psychology professor
and taught at several universities before teaching for 30 years at Vancouver
City College, repeatedly earning the highest possible student reviews. He
wrote, produced and hosted a cable television show on psychology that
won a Canadian national cable award, published The League that Lasted, and
wrote a book on Jack the Ripper. He was also a background actor, painter and
cartoonist. Although he said he never wanted children, he was a devoted and
loving father. He spent thousands of hours coaching his children at sports,
always supported them in their dreams, and passed on his love of everything
from psychology and astronomy to medicine and movies, animals and sports
to art and literature. He is survived by his wife of 55 years, Lea Macdonald,
three children and six grandchildren. In lieu of flowers, please donate to any
medical research organization.
Denis F. R. Gilson, MSc'59, PhD'62
Born in London, UK, on November 18,1934, Denis died on January 22, 2016.
He obtained, in 1957, a BSc from University College, London, and did his
MSc and PhD degrees at UBC. He held a post-graduate fellowship at the
University of California, Berkeley, from 1962-64. After teaching at UBC he
joined the faculty of McGill University in 1965, serving as associate dean
of Graduate Studies from 1971-75 and becoming emeritus professor of
chemistry. He is survived by his wife, Patricia Goodwin, BA'57, sons Michael
Goodwin Gilson (Christine Lanthier) and Stephen Thomas Gilson (Karen
Laduke), granddaughters Clara Lanthier-Gilson and Kathryn Meagan Gilson,
and brothers Ian Trevor, Noel John and their families.
Barbara Howard, BEd'59
Athlete, educator and community leader,
Barbara Howard was the first black female athlete
to represent Canada in international competition.
In 1948, when most ethnic minorities were barred
from teaching, Barbara became the first person of
colour to be hired as an educator by the Vancouver
School Board, teaching physical education at Lord
Strathcona Elementary School.
In 1938, in grade 11, Barbara ran a 100-yard sprint in 11.2 seconds to qualify
for the British Empire Games, a time that beat the games' record by a tenth of
a second. But despite winning silver and bronze medals in relays at the games,
she came sixth in the 100-yard dash. Her next chance would have been the
1940 Summer Olympics in Tokyo, but the Second World War derailed the
Olympics for the next decade and ended Barbara's running career.
Barbara earned a Bachelor of Education at UBC in 1959 and started a new
path. Barbara taught at Hastings, Henry Hudson, Lord Strathcona and Trafalgar
elementary schools in a career spanning more than 40 years. At Trafalgar,
Barbara worked with brilliant, but underperformingkids. In a 2010 Burnaby Now
interview, she recalls being told to do "anything" to keep the children stimulated.
She had them plan day-trips, sent them to work with their fathers, and had them
film movies. Her strategy seems to have worked; like Dr. Patricia Hoy of the UBC
School of Music, many were later successful, earning advanced degrees. "The
child," Barbara argued, "is more important than the curriculum."
In 2010, Barbara was recognized by the Vancouver Park Board with
a Remarkable Women Award for "her passionate dedication to inspire others
to make a positive difference in their community." She was inducted into both
the Burnaby Sports Hall of Fame and the BC Sports Hall of Fame, and in 2013,
received the Queen Elizabeth II Diamond Jubilee Medal. In 2015, she was
welcomed as one of "The Legends" in the Canada Sports Hall of Fame.
Barbara Howard passed away on January 26, 2017 at the age of 96.
Pullikattil Chacko Simon, MSc'60
March 1,7973 - March 8,2017
Pullikattil Chacko Simon was born on a small farm in
Kerala, India. After graduating from Madras Veterinary
College, he filled many government posts. Later, he
moved to Sri Lanka where, as district veterinarian, he
established several government veterinary hospitals
and contributed greatly to livestock improvement.
Because of these contributions, he was awarded
special Ceylon Citizenship by the Prime Minister.
In 1957, he emigrated to Canada, where he was recruited by the
Canada Department of Agriculture as a meat inspector. After completing
a master's degree in microbiology from UBC, he transferred to the Federal
Department of Agriculture Animal Pathology Laboratory as a pathologist
and research scientist. He published many scientific papers and contributed
to a textbook on infectious diseases of animals.
After retiring from Canada Agriculture, he taught a course in animal
pathology for the Department of Animal Science at UBC.
He served as treasurer on the board of Unity Church and was one of their
most popular speakers. He was co-founder and president of the Hatfield
Society, an organization which housed parolees and helped reintegrate them
into the community. He founded and funded the Chacko and Lize Simon
Trust for Sacred Heart Hospital School of Nursing in Kerala and the Chacko
and Lize Simon Scholarship, which has provided nearly 4,000 scholarships
to children of the very poor in his native Kerala.
In 1996, the Hatfield Society changed its mandate and established the
Hatfield Society Scholarship Fund for students from low-income families in
the Greater Vancouver Area. Eighty students have benefited.
In his eighties and nineties, he published 42 magazine articles and
two books: The Missing Piece to Paradise and The Philosopher's Notebook.
In 2012, he was awarded the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Medal for his
contributions to society.
Helen Kathleen Gray, BLSc'62
August 4, ig20 - June 73,2076
After a long and full life, Helen Gray (nee Rodd)
died in her sleep at home as she'd hoped. Helen was
dynamic, curious and kind, and fully committed to
life and all it offered. A graduate of the University
of Toronto and later Tufts University (international
law), she chose to marry the love of her life Ian and
postpone a career. Once her three boys were in school
she went back to school herself, getting a degree in
 in memonam
library science at UBC. She was among the first librarians at SFU and spent
20 happy years there. She and Ian travelled the world, and enjoyed many
friends and evenings at the theatre and symphony. She loved learning and
reading, and in retirement was an active participant in Elder College. Helen
leaves behind her three sons David (Claudia), Cameron (Peg) and Michael
(Sue), along with eight grandchildren (Max, Emma, Andrew, Paula, Sara,
Lisa, Christina and Leslie) and nine great-grandchildren (Jarod, Jacob,
Emma, Jasper, Simon, Isaac, Callum, Emily and Isla). We thank Living Well
and their caregivers for their wonderful support. We will miss Helen but will
never forget her.
served as a member and chair of the executive of the Canadian Section of the
Electrochemical Society, receiving its R.C. Jacobsen Award. She served the
International Society of Electrochemistry in many roles, including nine years
as secretary general, and was appointed an honorary member of the society.
Sharon served her community as a figure skating and riding instructor and
a Beaver leader. She enjoyed camping, canoeing and skiing with her family
and in retirement was an avid golfer. She is survived by her husband of
47 years, John, two sons, James and Thomas, two grandchildren, Coll and
Ailsa, a sister, Patricia, and two brothers, William and Bruce. A memorial
service was held in the Manning Memorial Chapel, Acadia University.
Michael Deland, BSc'63, MSc'65
Michael passed away April 22,2016, in Melbourne. From Vancouver, Michael
moved to the University of Connecticut for a PhD in genetics, after which he
spent three years at Purdue University in the Department of Neurophysiology.
In 1974 the family returned to Melbourne, where he worked in the Genetics
Department of Monash University for three years. Teaching was his major
interest, so until retirement he taught senior biology at the secondary school
level. He is survived by his wife, Lynlee, and their three children.
I    Sharon Roscoe, BSc'63
Sharon Grace Roscoe (nee Furnival) passed away
on December 9, 2015. Born in Ottawa, the daughter
of Dr. George M. Furnival and Marion (nee Fraser)
Furnival, she graduated with a BSc from UBC, with
honours in chemistry and a major in mathematics.
She graduated with a PhD in physical chemistry
from McGill University. Sharon taught virtually
every chemistry course at Acadia University,
from biochemistry to theoretical chemistry, rising rapidly to the rank of
professor, and was head of the Chemistry Department. She was an adjunct
professor in the School of Biomedical Engineering at Dalhousie University
and the Department of Chemistry at the University of Guelph. On her
retirement, Acadia appointed her emeritus professor. Sharon's research
was continuously funded by The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research
Councilor Canada (NSERC) and by contracts with the Dairy Farmers of
Canada, the Nova Scotia Health Research Foundation, SOHIO (Standard
Oil of Ohio) and BP America. She was a co-chair of the NSERC Biosciences
B Strategic Grants Committee and a member of the NSERC Discovery Grants
Committee 26. She was a Fellow of the Chemical Institute of Canada and
received the Clara Benson Award of the Canadian Society for Chemistry. She
Governance/Nominating Committee seeks recommendations
T/iealumniUBC Governance/Nominating Committee is always seeking
recommendations for alumni nominees to serve on the organization's
Board of Directors. In particular, the committee seeks candidates who
have the skill sets and experience necessary to effectively set strategic
direction, develop appropriate policies, and ensure alumni UBC has
the resources necessary to effectively fulfill its mission and vision.
Please send suggestions to Ross Langford - Chair, Governance &
Nominating Committee, c/o Sandra Girard, manager, board relations,
3rd floor - 6163 University Boulevard, Vancouver BC V6T1Z1 /email:
sandra.girard@ubc.ca no later than June 20,2017.
U .   - «. V    Brian Van Snellenberg, BASc'64
Brian grew up in Vancouver, graduating from Magee
High School before enrolling in mechanical engineering
*     '     Mb. at UBC. Followinggraduation in 1964, he worked for
a brief time in England before returning to Alcan in
Kitimat, a company where he would work for the next
27 years. In 1967 he moved to attend the University of
Western Ontario to get his MBA. He moved several
times with Alcan - to Winnipeg, Kingston and Toronto
- before moving to Hong Kong in 1986, where he worked in an Alcan joint
venture with China for the next two-and-a-half years. Returning to Canada,
Brian worked for Alcan for several years in Montreal before taking a job with
PowerTech Labs in Vancouver. In 1996 Brian took a job with WorkSafe BC
as executive director of Finance, retiring in 2009. During retirement, he and
Maria enjoyed travelling in their trailer and Brian continued his interest in
photography. Brian passed away October 1, 2016, following a two year battle
with lung cancer. He is survived by his wife, three children, their spouses,
and six grandchildren.
James Paterson Taylor, QC, LLB'68
December 5,7943 - October 16, 2016
Jim Taylor, loving husband and father, brilliant
scholar, distinguished lawyer, and beloved member
of the community, passed peacefully on a Sunday
afternoon, surrounded by his family. The BC flag at
UBC was lowered in his honour. He is survived by
his wife, Judy, daughters Jennifer and Carolyn, their
husbands, Sidi and Krish, and his grandchildren,
Savannah, Quincy, and Sophia.
Jim studied history and law at UBC and returned as a faculty member in
1974. He enjoyed a meteoric career, gaining tenure in only his third year and
becoming a full professor two years later. A leading lawyer, Jim co-authored
British Columbia Practice - a text that was the constant companion of all BC
litigators - with now-Chief Justice Beverley McLachlin. He served as the
deputy attorney general and deputy minister of justice for the Province of
Saskatchewan, as a partner and the head of litigation for national law firm
Blake, Cassels & Graydon, and as a co-founding partner of litigation boutique
Taylor, Jordan, Chafetz LLP.
Jim was also an extraordinary UBC alumnus, who led friend-raising and
fundraising efforts and generously contributed his own time and money to
an enormous range of UBC initiatives. His remarkable commitment leaves
a lasting legacy, and yet he was a modest man whose often substantial gifts
were usually made anonymously, or in honour of others.
Jim helped UBC establish the University Neighbourhoods Association,
an innovative model for providing municipal-like services to the burgeoning
University Town residential community. As its first chair, Jim worked
unflaggingly to establish a strong foundation for a community that now
numbers over 11,000, and in many ways was the unofficial "mayor" of
University Town. He organized a multicultural program, set up initiatives to
welcome and integrate new residents, and even read books to children at
the community centre. Jim's kindness and generosity touched the lives of
countless people, and he was loved in return. In 2009, UBC dedicated a park
to him in the Hawthorn Place neighbourhood.
His achievements were recognized with many other awards and
accolades, including his appointment as Queen's Counsel in 1989 and
a Diamond Jubilee commemorative medal in 2012. Jim was a larger-than-life
figure and set an inspiring example. He is sorely missed by fellow faculty
members, former students, colleagues in the legal profession and, most of
all, by his family and friends.
Henry Graham Armstrong (Harry), EdD'72
Born June 9,1930, Harry died in White Rock on
February 10, 2016. He started his journey to a UBC
doctorate degree in 1966 at the age of 36 with his
wife, May, and his four children: Garth (deceased
1988); Kevin, BEd'83: Kerry, BPE'82, MALT'05 (RoyalRoads);
and Patrick. He received his first two degrees at the
University of Alberta. We were all inspired by his
studies (BCom and MEd) and his career as executive
director of the BC School Trustees from 1973-1989. Most of all, his partnership
in marriage with Mary Telford (May) for over 64 years showed us that love can
propel changes in life that go from air raids and surviving a direct hit in Belfast,
to a nine-month separation as they immigrated to Canada, and even through
an educational journey that changed the lives of educators and children in BC
and beyond. Learning in our family continues with his six grandchildren: Jamie
Armstrong (BA and MA), Kyle Armstrong (BA), Brennan Hall (BA), Sarah
Hall, Maegen Armstrong and Brittany Armstrong (all three girls continuing
in post-secondary education). Harry, a great teacher, taught us about faith,
hope and love. With the gift of love, even if we are not together physically, we
are together, which gives us the hope we need to carry forth not for ourselves
alone - to love, to transform ourselves and others.
Francis Edward Schwab, BSc'74, MSc'79, Phd'86
Francis passed away at the age of 63 on March 6,
2016, with family at his side, following a long struggle
with brain cancer. He was born on November 20,1952,
in Summerland, BC, and graduated from Nechako
Valley Secondary in Vanderhoof in 1970. He went on
to earn a PhD from UBC in 1986, and was the biology
instructor at the Labrador College/College of the
North Atlantic in Labrador City, NL, for more than
20 years. While living in Labrador, he published 14 papers on the interactions
between local birds, small mammals, and their habitats.
Francis Joseph Furtado, BA'86, MA'88
It is with great sadness that we announce the sudden death of Francis Furtado
in Ottawa on January 3,2017. Francis was born on April 2,1966, in Cardston,
Alberta, and grew up in Southern Alberta before
making Ottawa his home.
In 1986, Francis obtained a Bachelor of Arts
(Honours) in political science and international
^^^^P relations from UBC, where he also completed
^m    ^L    . W^        a master's in 1988.
^k I Vk|        Following graduation, Francis began his
employment in the federal public service, where he
held several positions through his career of almost
23 years. Francis' professional life was filled with accolades, including two
Deputy Ministers' Commendations and the Exceptional Achievement Award
at the Privy Council Office. He was appreciated for his intellectual curiosity,
strategic thinking, and fine pen; he was also a kind and supportive mentor.
Francis was happiest when surrounded by friends and family, engaged
in thoughtful and spirited political debate. He was open to all views -
even if he disagreed - if they were backed by evidence, conviction, and
passion. Francis also enjoyed cooking and food. Discussions held over dinner
or in the kitchen made fond memories, particularly if his guests managed
to make him laugh hard enough to cry!
Francis was an avid reader, loved music and enjoyed most televised sports
and, in particular, sports commentary - his favourites being football, tennis,
basketball, hockey and Formula 1 motorsport.
Francis is predeceased by his father Menino. He is survived by his mother
Amalia; his sister Sarah, brother-in-law Christopher, and niece Naomi; as well
as his brother Xavier, and sister-in-law Carrie Lee.
The family is grateful to Benoit Bazinet, Isabelle Gallen and staff at the
Beechwood Funeral Home in Ottawa. D
support USC
My husband and I both had the opportunity
to get an education. We want to share part
of what we have with young people.
From gifts in wills to securities and real estate,
every estate gift has a lasting impact,
giftandestateplanning.ubc.ca or 604.822.5373
 Award-winning journalist Duncan McCue is the host of CBC Radio One's Cross Country Checkup. McCue was
a reporter for CBC News in Vancouver for over 15 years and taught journalism at the UBC Graduate School of
Journalism. During this time, he was recognized by the Canadian Ethnic Media Association with an Innovation
Award for developing curriculum on Indigenous issues. Now based in Toronto, his news and current affairs
pieces continue to be featured on CBC's flagship news show, The National.
McCue's work has garnered several awards from the Radio Television Digital News Association and
the Jack Webster Foundation. He was part of a CBC Aboriginal investigation into missing and murdered
Indigenous women that won numerous honours, including the Hillman Award for Investigative Journalism.
In 2011, he was awarded a Knight Fellowship at Stanford University, where he created an online guide for
journalists called Reporting in Indigenous Communities (riic.ca).
McCue is also an author. His book The Shoe Boy: A Trapline Memoir recounts a season he spent in a hunting
camp with a Cree family in northern Quebec as a teenager. Before becoming a journalist, McCue studied
English at the University of King's College, then law at UBC. He was called to the bar in British Columbia in 1998.
McCue is Anishinaabe, a member of the Chippewas of Georgina Island First Nation in southern Ontario, and the
proud father of two children. D
lCUE. LLB'q6
What is your most prized posse<
If the house was burning down,
shotos. Precious
■sue to my pas
Who was your childhood hero?
Wayne Gretzky. Wept like a bal
when he was traded to LA, ther
I went back to being a Leafs fan.
Describe the place you most like
to spend time.
(or lake or river).
What was the last thing you read?
Embers by RichartTw^mese.
Sadly, he died not long after I read
it. Such a loss.
What or who makes you
laugh out loud?
Both my kids tease me irreverently,
and make me snort on a regular basis.
What's the most important
lesson you ever learned?
Christian, but as far as a sue
principle to guide one's life,
that's a pretty sweet lesson.
What's your idea of the perfect day?       What is your latest purchase?
The perfect day is when I learn A USB charging cable. I leave so
something, when I feel an emotion many of those things in hotel rooms,
and when I am alive to the world Whom do you most admire
around me: seeing, smelling, (living or dead) and why?
+^^+ing, listening. The BEST day is Malcom X. What a life, what a man.
11 manage to capture that day I admire his brains, his fire, his
in written word. willingness to acknowledge and
What was your nickname at school?        learn from his mistakes.
In elementary, I was cursed with What would you like your
Dunkin Donutsand Duncan Hines epitaph to say?
(as in cake mix). In high school, "He helped his community. Oh,
Funky Dunky was bandied about and told some pretty good stories."
lever stuck. If you could invent something,
1 ,J '•-"•- *:"- -* what would it be?
A lightsabre. Natch. And I'd like to
be able to fix the hyperdrive.
In which era would you most like
\ to have lived, and why?
I'd love to know what it was really
like at First Contact in this place
iO. known as Turtle Island.
What are you afraid of?
for the longest time? I fearfailing. I know I'd be a better
My classic English teddy bear. Given       person if I could embrace failure -
to me by my Mom in my first year of       but I'm failing at that.
Name the skill or talent you
would most like to have.
To stickhandle without looking at
the puck and deke a goalie out of
his jockstrap, while doing my own
play-by-play in Anisinaabemowin
(the Ojibway language).
Which three pieces of music would
you take to that desert island?
Collected works of Neil Young,
Blue Rodeo and U2.
Which famous person (living or
dead) do you think (or have you
been told) you most resemble?
I've been told Johnny Depp and -
whoah - Keanu Reeves.
What is your pet peeve?
I really can't stand paying for
campsites. It really bugs me.
What are some of your UBC highlights?
The Aboriginal Moot in law
school. Sweatlodges at the UBC
First Nations House of Learning.
And, when I became an adjunct
professor, launching the Reporting in
Indigenous Communities course at
the Graduate School of Journalism.
"The littlest thing tripped me up
in more ways than one."
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Our interactive online map lets you find
your friends and classmates around the
world. Add your profile to it for a chance
to win our Travel in Style Sweepstakes.
of UBC experience
o Alumni Da\
at Homecoming 2017
This September, join in a day of learnin
entertainment, and family-friendly fun
at UBC's 2017 Homecoming festivities.
Reunite With Old Friends
Catch up with your old classmates
and reminisce about your student days.
Reunions are a great way to strengthen
common bonds and renew friendships.
wr Events
loose from dozens of events <
the globe and online. From networking
receptions to panel discussions about
the most pressing issues of the day,
there's an event for yoi
Browse Our Media
alumni UBC produces a wealth of
informative and entertaining content.
Visit our online media library to explore
podcasts, webcasts, blogs, photo albums,
and stories from Trek magazine.
Take Advantage
of Benefits & Services
Your connection to UBC doesn't end
with graduation. As an alumnus, you
receive lifetime access to exclusive
benefits and services. Take advantage of
these special offers available just for you.
Visit the UBC
Welcome Centre
The Wong-Trainor Welcome Centre
in the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre is
the friendly front door for all visitors to
UBC's Point Grey campus. Our staff and
volunteers will be happy to answer your
questions and help you plan your visit.
Volunteer and Donate
Whether you're interested in contributing
financially or as a volunteer, there are many
ways to give back to your UBC community.
Find us on Social Media
Connect with alumni UBC and graduates
around the world on social media. We're on
Facebook, Twitter, Instagram, and Linkedln.
Our Goal:
alumni UBC was formed by a small
group of UBC's earliest graduates
on May 4,1917. Now we're more
than 325,000 strong, spanning
more than 140 countries.
Individually impressive and collectively
outstanding, UBC alumni are helping
to realize the university's aspirations
for a better world.
To mark our 100th year, we're
building our global community
with an ambitious goal: making
100,000 alumni connections by
May 2018. Wherever you are in the
world, there's a way to take part.
Visit alumni.ubc.ca 1
more information on ■■<
to be part of alumni UBC 100
alumniuBC 100


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