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Trek [2014-11]

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 Stuck in a medical minority
BC's endangered languages
Dear Dr. Wesbrook:
letters from the fron
Author Nancy Lee
has The Last Won
^* *
In Short
40   BOOKS
4-2   T-BIRDS
44 events
Andrew Brentano, BA10, is supporting the growth of a grassroots
insect-farming industry - starting in his own garage.
Professor Murray Isman says eating insects is not only desirable,
but inevitable.
Afton Halloran, BSc'09, co-wrote a major UN publication
on the contribution of insects to global food security.
Her fascination with the subject led to a chance meeting.
Q & A
President Arvind Gupta will lead the university into its second century.
Language activists are determined
to bring BC's indigenous tongues
back from the brink of extinction.
Hundreds of UBC students served
in the First World War. The university's
first president encouraged them
to send back letters.
A short story by Zsuzsi Gartner, MFA'93.
A powerful documentary is illustrating the
plight of people living with undiagnosed conditions.
The Rare Disease Foundation is using a collective
approach to create a support network for patients.
BA'94, MFA'04
Q: What is your most prized possession?
A: It's a tie between a handwritten rejection
letter from Bill Buford at The New Yorker
and Sandy, a ragged old panda bear I've
had since childhood who's been washed
so many times she resembles a satanic goat.
Andrew Brentano, BA'10, holding a bell pepper
stuffed with fried waxworms (page 16). Photo
by Saul Bromberger/Sandra Hoover Photography. editor's note
Over the years, I have been feasted on by bugs of all kinds. From the
incessant midges of western Scotland to the ruthless mosquitos of rural
Ontario - and even a stray cat's fleas - I've been punctured, sucked,
bitten, harassed and generally driven to distraction. The only time I've
eaten a bug, on the other hand, was by accident while cycling with my
mouth open. It wasn't a great introduction to entomophagy, but I'm more
than willing to try some expertly prepared insect cuisine - starting with
one of those tasty-looking peppers stuffed with rice and fried waxworms
pictured on the front cover.
nsects aren't a novelty (or revenge) food item, though. They are a common
and long-standing component of many food cultures. Not only are they nutritious
and healthy, but the process of raising them holds significant advantages for
the planet over that for other forms of protein, such as beef. Alumnus Andrew
Brentano is helping to drive this sustainable approach to our food supply in North
America (see page 16). Based in California, he's set up an online forum for sharing
information on rearing insects for human consumption and has established
a company offering kits for households to use in producing their own supply.
In conjunction with this grassroots approach, Brentano is also exploring scalable
models of insect production for industrial-scale output. "We're in the early stages
of something that is about to blow up and get huge," he says
Brentano is not the only individual at the forefront of change to feature in
this issue. In 1913, Dr. Frank Wesbrook was appointed first president of UBC,
the province's first university. Envisioning a "people's university" that would
build a "better social fabric," he set about overseeing construction of a new
campus at Point Grey, developing programs, stocking the library and hiring
faculty in preparation for the opening in 1915. But with the outbreak of war in
1914, construction was interrupted and funding became scarce. UBC started its
operations from "temporary" headquarters near 12th Avenue and Laurel Street,
and over the ensuing months hundreds of students, as well as some faculty,
would volunteer to serve in Europe. Wesbrook encouraged the student soldiers
to write back with news, which he would make available to their peers at home
(see page 28). He responded promptly, often stressing his anticipation of their
return, when the university, and Canada, could benefit from their leadership
and build a better society.
Tragically, 78 students would not return home, and Frank Wesbrook
wouldn't live long enough to see the end of the war, but the university he
founded continued to evolve as he had envisioned. It was Wesbrook who chose
UBC's enduring motto, Tuum Est - It's up to you - perhaps a challenge from
a pioneer to be pioneering. He probably would have approved of enterprising
and socially responsible alumni like Andrew Brentano. So in a way, when you find
yourself about to nibble on your first waxworm - and apparently they taste like
honey-glazed bacon - you'll have Frank Wesbrook to thank.
Vanessa Clarke, Editor
Correction: Brain Puzzles, Spring 2014
The article stated that most people with Down syndrome develop Alzheimer's in their 30s or 40s. Dr. Tom Koch (a bioethicist for the Canadian Down
Syndrome Society's Research Council) emailed to say that this is misleading, because although people with Down syndrome have an extra chromosome that
produces amyloid, and some will develop the plagues and tangles associated with Alzheimer's disease, this doesn't mean that most go on to develop Alzheimer's.
EDITOR Vanessa Clarke, BA
CONTRIBUTOR Michael Awmack,BA'oi MET'09
Elizabeth Powell, BSc
ELECTED CHAIR Michael Lee, BSc'86, BA'89, MA'92, LLB
VICE CHAIR FayeWightman, BSC'87 (Nursing)
TREASURER Ian Warner, BCom'89
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2012-2015]
Blake Hanna, MBA'82
David Climie, BCom'83
Judy Rogers, BRE'71
an Warner, BCom'89
Faye Wightman, BSC'8i (Nursing)
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2013-2016]
Valerie Casselton, BA'77
Michael Lee, BSc'86, BA'89, MA'92, LLB
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2014-2017]
Robert Bruno, BCom'97
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Barbara Miles,BA, PostGradinEd.
Arvind Gupta, BSc, MSc, PhD
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Jeff Todd, BA
Trek magazine (formerly the UBC Alumni Chronicle)
is published two times a year by the UBC Alumni
Association and distributed free of charge to
UBC alumni and friends. Opinions expressed
in the magazine do not necessarily reflect the
views of the Alumni Association or the university.
Address correspondence to:
The Editor, alumni UBC
6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T1Z1
email to trek.magazine@ubc.ca
Letters published at the editor's discretion
and may be edited for space
Julian Radlein,B/V07
Address Changes
via email
Alumni Association
toll free
UBC Info Line
3elkin Gallery
Chan Centre
:rederic Wood Theatre
Museum of Anthropology
Volume 70, Number 2 | Printed in Canada
by Mitchell Press
Canadian Publications
vlail Agreement #40063528
Return undeliverable Canac
an addresses to:
Records Department
UBC Development Office
Suite 500 - 5950 University Boulevard
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fS              MIX
%/«U*J            Paper from
.—.T? _    responsible sources
wm*un    FSC* C011267
"We've come a long way - from being
a university that stood by while its own
students were forcibly removed from
their homes, to establishing a program
that focuses on the crucial role of Asian
migrants in the formation of our province
and nation."
Professor Chris Lee, director of U BC's
new program on Asian Canadian and
Asian Migration. The program was
created as part of a tribute to Japanese
Canadians who were forced to leave the
West Coast during the Second World
War. (UBC media release, September 18)
"Perhaps there is a solution to
the problem of online misogyny
that does not require invasive
government surveillance or
restrictive practices like those
taken by authoritarian countries.
If female empowerment is
ultimately better for everybody,
then male Internet users
would be helping themselves
by opposing misogyny and
harassment in online forums."
UBC PhD candidate Eric Michael
Johnson in an op-ed published in
Slate on September 24,
"... it wouldn't have taken much for anybody
to take over that territory. It's not that ISIS is
a ridiculously weak organization with no capacity.
But its success to this point has been more a
function of the weakness of Syria and Iraq than
anything else. This is a classic example of a group
with some capabilities and resources expanding
into a vacuum. If we want to get rid of ISIS, we need
to find a way to strengthen the Iraqi state and solve
the Syrian civil war. Until we do those two things,
ISIS isn't going to go away."
Professor Allen Sens of UBC's Policital Science
Department in a Q&A about the conflict with ISIS
(UBC News, October 21)
"Attn Drivers: don't!K
Sign placed by UBC students at the top of
some steps in a pedestrian area just outside
the SUB. October saw three separate
incidents of vehicles becoming stuck trying
to navigate the steps. (Yahoo Canada,
October 15)
"What I'm hoping to do is get young people to embrace the central
revelation of anthropology, which is the idea that other peoples of the
world are not failed attempts to be us. Each culture is a unique answer
to the question: what does it mean to be human and alive?"
Renowned anthropologist Wade Davis, who joined UBC this year
Until 2013 he served as explorer-in-residence at the National Geographic
Society. (UBC media release, August 13)
"It's like saying to Olympic hockey players,
'Men, you play on ice. Women, you play
on slush.'"
UBC law professor Margot Young
commenting on the complaint made against
FIFA and the Canadian Soccer Association by
female World Cup soccer players who claim
the organizations are discriminating against
women by holding the 2015 Women's World
Cup on artificial turf - men have always played
on grass. (The Globe & Mail, October 2)
"umber of students in UBC's 2014 first-
, -ar class in Vancouver and Kelowna -
the largest to date.
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UBC zoologist Adam Ford and colleagues have discovered that globa
declines in carnivore populations could embolden plant eaters to
increasingly dine on succulent vegetation, driving losses in plant and
tree biodiversity.
The team used GPS tracking on 20 adult female impala, four leopards
and five wild dogs to measure how an impala's fear of predators, as well
as the growing patterns of thorny plants, combine
to influence the landscape. The researchers
combined the tracking data with a high-resolution
satellite image of tree cover and located carcasses
to determine where impala are being killed. They
also conducted feeding experiments to judge the
effectiveness of thorns as a feeding deterrent
"Our observations indicate that carnivores
- like leopards and wild dogs - shape where
herbivores eat," says Ford, lead author of the
paper. "Plant defenses - such as thorns - shape
what herbivores eat."
"As human activities continue to reduce
populations of predators, herbivores like impala
become willing to feed in areas that used to be risky -
consuming more preferred vegetation and, ironically,
allowing less-preferred thorny plant species to take
over," says Ford
The findings were published in Science. The same journa
has also recently published data that indicate more than three quarters
of the world's 31 large carnivore species are in decline and that 17 species
occupied less than half of their historical distributions
"Plants have two pathways to success," says Ford. "You either protect
yourself from herbivores by growing large thorns, or thrive in areas that
are risky to your predators - plant eaters."
The study area, Mpala Research Center in Laikipia, Kenya, is used for
traditional ranching. In the future, Ford will investigate whether the forage
that impala don't eat in dangerous areas could be used for livestock during
drought years - a frequent occurrence that can threaten the livelihoods of
many people in Laikipia. "We're only beginning to understand the linkages
between carnivores, their prey, plants and people," he says
There's a new research innovation facility at UBC's Okanagan campus,
where industry and university researchers can pool their knowledge to
rapidly develop novel technologies for human protection, survivability
and performance in extreme or remote conditions
The Survive and Thrive Applied Research (STAR) facility was established
with $3.8M of federal funding. It combines world-class research expertise
and global partner networks to help commercialize innovative products
and develop ideas that can be applied in a wide range of sectors, including
manufacturing, natural resources, health care, and defense
One of the first STAR projects is a collaboration between UBC,
Kelowna-based Helios Global Technologies, and Imperial College London
(UK) to develop a high-tech helmet that can reduce the risk of concussion
in contact sports such as hockey and football
"Collaboration with STAR greatly enhances our capacity to develop
innovative products," says Helios CEO Martin Cronin. "It gives us access
to world-class research that helps us to quickly prove out concepts and
explore multi-sectoral applications, and also access to funding through
our research partnerships."
STAR partnerships create important opportunities for university
researchers and their students, says Professor Paul van Donkelaar, director
of UBC's School of Health and Exercise Sciences and principal investigator
with the UBC Sports Concussion Research Lab
"We're working on compelling projects directly related to our primary
research, and which also create new ideas for future research and real-world
earning opportunities for students," he says. The STAR partnership with
mperial College London has led to a new accord that will include student
and faculty exchanges
Other STAR initiatives include development of sensors for
autonomous aerial vehicles (UAVs) for use in forestry and agriculture,
and personal wireless stop-button technology for workers using large
industrial machinery.
From the words for colours to how to tie a shoelace, kids have lots to
earn - and for the most part, they depend on others to teach it to them
But whether deliberately or inadvertently, other people sometimes
misinform. So at what age can kids tell trustworthy teachers from
confident tricksters?
A new study by psychology researchers from UBC and Concordia
shows that by the age of five, children become wary of information
provided by people who make overly-confident claims
For the study, Patricia Brosseau-Liard, who is now a Concordia
postdoctoral fellow, recruited 96 four- and five-year-olds. She and her
UBC Department of Psychology co-authors, Tracy Cassels and Susan Birch,
had the youngsters weigh two important cues to a person's credibility -
prior accuracy and confidence - when deciding what to believe
The researchers showed their subjects short videos of two adults
talking about familiar animals. The speakers would either
A. Make true statements about the animal in a hesitant voice
"Hmm, I guess whales live in the water?"
B. Make false statements about the animal in a confident voice
"Oh, I know! Whales live in the ground!"
The kids were then shown videos of the same two adults speaking
about strange animals. The previously confident speaker would state facts
with confidence, and the previously hesitant speaker remained hesitant
while stating different facts. The participants were then asked whom
they believed
In children closer to the age of four, it was a 50/50 split: they were as
likely to believe the confident liar as the hesitant truth-teller. But as they
neared the age of five, participants were more likely to believe the previously
accurate but hesitant individual, suggesting a year can make a big difference
in terms of a child's evolution in the critical consumption of information
As Brosseau-Liard explains, these findings are important for teachers
and caregivers
"Our study gives us a window into children's developing socia
cognition, skepticism and critical thinking. It shows us that, even though
kindergarteners have a reputation for being gullible, they are actually
pretty good at evaluating sources of information. Parents can use this
ability to help guide them in their learning."
UBC, in collaboration with BetaLogics Venture, a division of Janssen
Research & Development, LLC, has published a study highlighting a protoco
to convert stem cells into insulin-producing cells. The new procedure could
be an important step in the fight against Type 1 diabetes, which is the result
of the body's own immune system destroying insulin-secreting
pancreatic beta cells
The protocol can turn stem cells into reliable,
insulin-producing cells in about six weeks, far
quicker than the four months it took using
previous methods
"We are a step closer to having an unlimited
supply of insulin-producing cells to treat
F^^^k patients with Type 1 diabetes," says Timothy
^H > Kieffer, a professor in UBC's Department
of Cellular and Physiological Sciences and the
Department of Surgery who led the research
H^^ The protocol transforms stem cells into
^H insulin-secreting pancreatic cells via a cell-culture method
^^^" The conversion is completed after the cells are transplanted
into a host. "We have not yet made fully functional cells in a dish,
but we are very close," says Kieffer. "The cells we make in the lab
produce insulin, but are still immature and need the transplant host
to complete the transformation into fully functioning cells."
An important next step for UBC researchers and their industry
collaborators is to determine how to prevent the insulin-producing cells'
from being rejected by the body.
More than two million Canadians and close to 400 million people
worldwide suffer from diabetes. Current treatment requires daily insulin
injections. Experimental human donor transplants of healthy pancreatic
islets, which contain the beta cells, have had success. But treatment is
imited by donor availability.
A gambler's decision to stay or fold in a game of cards could be
influenced by a chemical in the brain, suggests new research from UBC
The rise and fall of dopamine plays a key role in decisions involving risk
and reward - from a baseball player trying to steal a base to an investor
buying or selling a stock. Previous studies have shown that dopamine
signals increase when risky choices pay off.
"Our brains are constantly updating how we calculate risk and
reward based on previous experiences, keeping an internal score of
wins and losses," says study co-author Stan Floresco, a professor
in UBC's Department of Psychology. "Dopamine appears to play an
important role in these processes, influencing our everyday choices."
The study saw rats choose between safe and risky rewards - similar
to what investors face on Wall Street. Pressing one lever gave the rodents
a small but guaranteed reward, not unlike a bond. The other lever yielded
a large reward or nothing, similar to a high-risk stock
Researchers altered the rats' decision-making process by shutting down
or turning on the dopamine signals in their brains. When the rats played
riskily and lost, researchers turned on dopamine signals when normally
they would have decreased. Subsequently, the rats made riskier decisions
Conversely, when the rats played riskily and won, researchers turned
dopamine signals off. Here, the rats began to play more conservatively.
"By temporarily knocking these chemical signals out, it demonstrates
how significant they are in altering our decisions, even if it's against our
better judgment," says Floresco
Floresco's co-authors are Colin Stopper, Marie Tse, David Montes and
Candice Wiedman of UBC's Department of Psychology and the Brain
Research Centre
Large numbers of fish will disappear from the tropics by 2050, finds
a new UBC study that examined the impact of climate change on fish
stocks. The study identified ocean hotspots for local fish extinction but
also found that changing temperatures will drive more fish into the Arctic
and Antarctic waters
Using the same climate change scenarios as the Intergovernmental Pane
on Climate Change, researchers projected a large-scale shift of marine fish
and invertebrates. In the worst-case scenario, where the Earth's oceans
warm by three degrees Celsius by 2100, fish could move away from
their current habitats at a rate of 26 kilometres per decade. Under
the best-case scenario, where the Earth's oceans warm by one
degree Celsius, fish would move 15 kilometres every decade
This is consistent with changes in the last few decades
"The tropics will be the overall losers," says William
Cheung, associate professor at the UBC Fisheries
Centre and co-author of this study. "This area has a high
dependence on fish for food, diet and nutrition. We'll
see a loss of fish populations that are important to the
fisheries and communities in these regions."
Cheung and his colleague used modelling to predict
how 802 commercially important species of fish and
invertebrates react to warming water temperatures,
other changing ocean properties, and new habitats
opening up at the poles
"As fish move to cooler waters, this generates
new opportunities for fisheries in the Arctic," says
Miranda Jones, a UBC Nereus Fellow and lead author
of the study. "On the other hand it means it could
disrupt the species that live there now and increase
competition for resources." D take note
The Prairie provinces of Alberta, Saskatchewan and Manitoba are home to a thriving agriculture
industry, an abundance of natural resources and many of the country's First Peoples. It's also
home to cities with some of the highest crime rates in the country. Year after year, Regina and
Winnipeg go back and forth in sharing the dubious distinction of being Canada's murder capital
Gangs have gripped these cities in Canada's heartland, particularly in marginalized
communities. Many are Aboriginal gangs, like the Native Syndicate and the Indian Posse,
that are rivals in a deadly street war. According to government statistics, their numbers and
influence are rising
In October, the Supreme Court of Canada began hearing arguments in an appeal by the
BC Civil Liberties Association that could overturn the prohibition on doctor-assisted suicide.
Michael Curry, clinical assistant professor in UBC's Faculty of Medicine and a graduate of
UBC Law School, says that while the current prohibition on assisted suicide may strike some as
outdated, crossing the line from alleviating suffering to hastening death is a step that cannot be
taken lightly.
Where is the line between withdrawing treatment and alleviating pain, and assisted suicide?
There's a very important distinction. Withdrawing or with holding care has long been
considered an acceptable practice for medical practitioners. Actively participating in suicide is
something that's prohibited by law. You can be punished for the act of taking a patient's life by
up to 14 years in jail.
Is the line between withdrawing treatment and alleviating pain and assisted suicide blurry?
I think a lot of physicians have difficulty determining where the line lies especially when
a patient is asking for help or assistance in regards to ending their life. There is definitely
a point where doses of painkillers to control pain may be hasteningthe end of life but that's
an incidental effect of medicines. With assisted suicide, medicines are purposely being used
to end a life.
Does assisted suicide contradict the Hippocratic Oath taken by doctors?
The ancient versions of the Hippocratic Oath states that you are not to take a life or provide
a poison that would do so. We have modified the Hippocratic Oath over the centuries and that
prohibition has been relaxed in more modern editions. Most physicians hold themselves to
the more modern standard of, "First, do no harm." Usingthat principle the question becomes:
UBC counselling psychology professor Alanaise
Goodwill is a member of Manitoba's Sandy Bay Ojibway
First Nation. As part of her PhD work, she interviewed
10 former Aboriginal gang members, including one
of her relatives, in Saskatchewan and Manitoba
She talks about her work, which focuses on better
understanding Aboriginal gang entry and exit
Why are Aboriginal youth joining gangs?
Most people assume that kids join gangs to "fit in"
or belong somewhere, which is true. But the main
reason behind gang membership is the need for basic
necessities, like food and shelter. In urban centres
ike Winnipeg, and on many reserves across Canada,
poverty, violence and a lack of resources become
determinants for gang involvement. Many Aborigina
youth who join gangs have parents who have been
or are a part of a gang. In fact, Aboriginal gangs can
be traced back to residential schools. In some ways,
joining a gang serves as way to ventilate past trauma
How do gangs convince youth to join?
An Aboriginal youth's interest in gangs peaks at puberty
and the promise of free sex is used as a recruitment
tool. Women play a significant role in gang operations
After all, the lifeblood of gangs is prostitution. The men
spoke to also used women's houses to hide in. More
women are also joining gangs as members themselves
is taking a life a harm? If a person is suffering with
a painful, incurable illness, it's very debatable as to
whether helping somebody end their life is actually
A recent poll found 84 per cent of Canadians
support assisted suicide. Do you see any danger
to legalizing it?
The classic argument has always been a slippery slope
argument. Stories have come out of countries that
have legalized euthanasia that I'm not sure Canadians
would be terribly comfortable with. A person in Belgium
was helped with assisted suicide because of terminal
depression. There was another case of assisted suicide
involving a gender dysphoria. The person had a sex
change and was dissatisfied and was judged to be in
a terminal condition by a doctor as a result of that.
In the Netherlands they have a board that can decide
to euthanize babies with severe medical conditions.
So I think the big question has to be, if physician
participation in assisted suicide is allowed, what is the
next bright line?
Do you think legalized assisted suicide is inevitable?
I think the world tends to be moving in that direction
but you can count on one hand the number of countries
that allow legalized assisted suicide.
and they represent a demographic I am interested in
studying further.
How does one leave a gang? How does someone
get out successfully?
There are a number of ways people exit gangs, but
the most successful avenue is getting a legal job
These jobs would need to provide enough money to
roughly match the money made from being in a gang
Federal prisons in Canada provide vocational skills,
but many of the gang members I spoke to say going
to prison only makes them better gangsters. This
points to the need for job training for at-risk youth long
before incarceration. The gang members who do get
out, either by getting a job or by other means, are the
exception. Most men never get out. They die before
that's ever an option
What can be done to stop Aboriginal youth from
joining gangs in the first place?
The problem with preventative programs is that they
never seem to be steady or sustainable. One promising
approach is called wraparound intervention. This
method involves at-risk youth handpicking known
adults in their lives to work as a team with child and
family service agencies, and their school. The team
then identifies health, social, cultural and vocationa
goals for the youth and helps him or her work towards
those specific objectives. D
Medical technology allows us to extend the
lives of people with conditions beyond what
we could have done in the past. We're also
experiencing an ageing society and one that's
becoming divorced from spiritual and religious
taboos. The combination of all three factors makes
this a bigger and bigger issue.
Once doctors enter the business of ending life,
that's a big, huge step, and we sure as heck better
know what our limit is. D
The appeal case filed by the BC Civil Liberties
challenges the criminality of doctor-assisted
suicide. The Supreme Court of Canada began
hearing arguments October 74. The appeal stems
from a 2012 ruling by the BC Supreme Court, which
found that the existing law banning assisted suicide
was unconstitutional. The federal government
appealed the decision and the BC Court of Appeal
overturned the ruling in 2013. This marks the first
time in 20 years that the country's highest court
has ruled on the issue. In 7993, it heard the case of
Sue Rodriguez, a 42-year-old Victoria woman with
ALS. Rodriguez's appeal was denied by the court in
a narrow five-four decision.
I :'
We go searching for them, we hug them, we're often speechless in their presence, but what
makes big trees so special? Sally Aitken, a professor of forest and conservation sciences,
explains the connection we feel to these majestic giants of the forest. The Faculty of Forestry
now runs the BC Big Tree Registry, a database of the biggest specimens in the province
Why do we love big trees?
They are the largest organisms that we can see, touch and feel. They're often very old and the
idea of something that lives much longer than our human lifespan is interesting. We have trees
that were around before our parents or great-grandparents or great-great-grandparents were
born. These massive and beautiful organisms represent a biological legacy. We've harvested
a lot of our old forests and those big trees that remain become more precious because there
are fewer of them around
What makes BC's big trees unique?
The zone that extends from California to BC is one of two places where we find the biggest and
tallest trees in the world. Our coastal rainforests harbour some absolutely enormous trees and
it has to do with the conditions we find here - mild year-round temperatures and lots of rainfall
We have enormous Douglas-fir, Western red cedar, and Sitka spruce. The province is home
to 50 different tree species and for some of those species we have the world's largest specimens
We have the largest trees in Canada by far, and ours are almost as big as the biggest trees in
the world - the redwoods of California
People are able to nominate trees into the BC Big Tree Registry. Are new big ones still
being found?
It's very exciting that trees are still getting nominated that are champion trees. Recently
a group on the Sunshine Coast found some of the largest mountain hemlocks that have ever
been observed. The sadder tales are the ones of trees like Big Lonely Doug, the second largest
Douglas-fir in the province. [Big Lonely Doug is the sole remaining tree on a clear-cut on the
West Coast of Vancouver Island.] A lot of nominations come in from people who work in
forestry and in logging. These people find trees in areas that people don't normally walk through
Of course, there are also a number of people, including those on the Big Tree Committee, whose
hobby is finding big trees. Big tree hunters love to go out to areas that haven't been explored and
00k for big trees
One member of our committee said there are big ones that are still out there to find. We
want to make anyone a big tree hunter or nominator and we've made changes to the BC Big
Tree Registry so that anyone can nominate a big tree
What can we learn from older trees?
We know that the mortality rates of old trees are increasing with climate change. The registry
helps us and citizens monitor the health of these giants over time. People will tell us if a big tree
blows over, loses its top, or dies. The registry also produces data on the type of ecosystems
that these trees are found in, and this information can guide certain research. We need to
know where these big trees are so we can conserve them, as a biological legacy of the past,
as important members of forest ecosystems today, and for future generations. D UBC DIALOGUE
Stay sharp
alumni UBC offers an array of programs and services designed to help you
learn, grow and connect. But if you aren't on our email list, you may be missing out.
Visit alumni.ubc.ca/update to ensure your profile is up to date.
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Investing for Generations
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alumni ubc
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global executive search
UBC alumni are capable of amazing things. This November, at th<
alumni UBC Achievement Awards, we honoured seven inspiring
members of the UBC community who, through their extraordinary
activities, have connected the university with communities both near and
' ir to create positive change. You can read their full bios on our websit
Emily MacKinnon
MA'o8, JD'12
~ y MacKinnon is an advocate for social
justice who volunteers for organizations that
empower those living with HIV/AIDS. Her pursuit
of a law degree at UBC armed her with the skills
and tools to explore related issues from new
;pectives. She was an outstanding studei
 eiving the Law Society of British Columb._
Gold Medal for highest GPA.
Leona Sparrow
BA'73, MA'76, LLB'92
Leona Sparrow is the manager of Treaty,
Lands and Resources for the Musqueam
Indian Band, on whose traditional
territory UBC's Vancouver campus :-
located. She has provided essentia.
guidance to UBC on the development
of First Nations-related community,
research, and educational prograr
tt Husain
Matt Husain is a PhD candidate studying t.
inthropology of Development at UBC Okanaj
He is motivated by a desire to eradicate poverty
through the design and delivery of effective
poverty relief programs that empower those the;'
are aimed at. His academic ability and extensive
volunteer work attract respect from faculty
and peers alike.
Videsh Kapoor
BSc'88r BEd'92, MD'93
Videsh Kapoor is a respected and
inspiring advocate for improved
health outcomes both at home and
abroad. She co-founded UBC's
Global Health Initiative, which offers
skills training to students from
a broad range of study areas and
provides them with an opportunity
to contribute to projects in Uganda,
India, Honduras, Kenya, and Canada.
Kimit Rai
Kimit Rai is a clinical instructor
in UBC's Department of Surgery
who founded Operation Rainbow
Canada, a non-profit organization
that provides free cleft lip and
palate surgery to impoverished
children and young adults in
developing countries. It has so far
transformed the lives of more than
2,000 children and their families.
• John Demco
Canada's identity on the Internet
was secured 27 years ago by the
visionary work of John Demco,
who is affectionately known
as a godfather of the Canadian
Internet. Mr. Demco was
a Computing Facilities manager at
UBC when he established the .CA
domain name two years before the
World Wide Web even emerged.
Randall Findlay
Randall Findlay's corporate
background, strategic approach, and
generosity have been of great benefit
to UBC as well as the community
at large. Of particular note are
his support for UBC Okanagan's
School of Engineering, his service on
UBC's campaign cabinets, and his
directorship of the Alberta Children's
Hospital Foundation.
That's why we need you! Do you know a graduate, student, faculty member or friend of UBC who deserves
to be recognized as a leader, advocate, artist or visionary? This is your chance to bring them into the limelight.
To nominate online visit alumni.ubc.ca/nominate or call Karolin Konig at 604 822 8939 for details.
nomination deadline: Friday, January 30,2015
startanevolution.ca /
President Arvind Gupta will lead
the university into its second century
Professor Arvind Gupta was installed as UBC's 13th President and Vice-Chancellor on
September 12, 2014. The 53-year-old has taught computer science at UBC since 2009 and is
a well-regarded expert in research and innovation policy with a track record of accomplishment
in connecting business to universities across the country. From 2000-2014, he was CEO and
scientific director of Mitacs, a Canadian not-for-profit dedicated to fostering the next generation
of innovators
Gupta has three daughters, one of whom is a student at UBC. He and his wife, Dr. Michelle
Pereira, herself a UBC alumna, are settling into campus life
Below, Gupta answers questions posed by UBC alumni
What is your vision for UBC?
UBC is poised for a fortuitous leap forward in the coming decade, if we pull together with
a common vision and purpose. At my formal installation in September, I outlined the following
themes that I believe will define our success
First, UBC is a place of learning. This now includes both our traditional catchment of young
adults and broader society, which is looking for ever more education. And for that we will
need to develop new learning platforms through technology, an area where UBC is taking
international leadership
Second, UBC is a place of engagement. Society has become knowledge-sophisticated,
which provides us with a broad cadre of opportunities for engagement and partnership
These partnerships start in the Lower Mainland and Okanagan Valley and extend from there
to BC, Canada and around the world
Third, UBC is an international place. We must always see ourselves in a global context
because we are one of the most significant gateways for people of BC and Canada. UBC can
act as the window to the social, economic and cultural world
Fourth, UBC is a place of innovation. We are ideally positioned to ensure that our learning and
research platform is in service to the social, cultural, and economic needs of our communities
And fifth, UBC is a place of research. Research is the distinguishing characteristic for our
university across all the other themes. For example, we must ensure that research excellence
gives our students cutting edge knowledge so they have access to the latest discoveries and
revelations. And this is why I have pledged to grow UBC investments in research excellence
by at least $iooM over the term of my presidency.
How do you plan to enrich the learning experience at
UBC and prepare students for the current job market?
Many jobs of the future can't even be imagined
today. It is critical that our students learn to think
systematically and analytically, so they can navigate
change, tolerate ambiguity, and be innovative
As a research-intensive university, we are ideally
positioned to build broad-based programs that
provide our students with exactly these skills
Getting this right will ensure our students lifelong
employability. And this will be coupled with a lifetime
of learning. That means we must go beyond the 18-
to 22-year-old undergraduates and 22- to 30-year-olds
pursuing master's degrees and PhDs. The challenge
will be extending our reach across society.
believe technology will play a fundamental role in
the future of education - by enhancing the classroom
experience, but also by reaching out to broader society.
Technology can bring UBC to those who cannot be
on our campus, because they are juggling the demands
of careers and family, for example, or because they
are geographically removed. Specifically, our Flexible
Learning Initiative will leverage mobile technologies and
internet connectivity to enable about 100 UBC courses
to reach an additional 30,000 students over the next
three years
At the same time, we must be ready to provide
every UBC student with career-building opportunities
that strengthen their academic and employment
outcomes. That's why I have committed to doubling
UBC's extra-curricular student experiences on- and
off-campus through internships and co-op programs
For our young alumni, share one word of advice.
You will only discover your passions through
experiences. Ask questions, take opportunities,
and don't worry about not knowing exactly what
you want to do. It's much more fun exploring
options than feeling like you have to lead your
life in a straight line
How do you plan to involve alumni more in
the life of the university?
see alumni as our university brand. They are
UBC's chief ambassadors out in the community
and, as such, are our eyes and ears to how we
are perceived, what we are doing well, and where
we can improve. That means we must always be
istening to them. And it is incumbent on us to
understand how they want to be involved with
UBC, and then give them the opportunities to
do so
As we approach the final year of the start an
evolution campaign, we are already seeing large
numbers of alumni getting involved - more
than 50,000 over the past year, in fact. The new
Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre opening next year
will be the first of its kind in Canada and a key
resource for alumni as they do business, expand
their careers, explore their intellectual, cultura
and social interests, and engage with other
alumni, students and faculty. We also plan to
increase our outreach through online channels
so that all alumni can remain involved with the
university, wherever they are. During the next
academic year we will celebrate the centennia
of UBC's very first graduating class, and alumni
will be a major part of that historic celebration
It's going to be a great year
What do you say to those who have been critical
of last year's review of UBC Athletics programs?
believe what is most important is that lessons
earned from the past should be applied to ensure
our future efforts on behalf of UBC Athletics are
inclusive and responsive to our stakeholders
am committed to listening to our dedicated
alumni, athletes, coaches, administration,
students and community on how best we can
nurture and strengthen the pride we all share for
UBC Athletics in Vancouver and Kelowna. [See
page 44 for some further thoughts on this subject
from President Gupta.'] O
Keep in touch with UBC's new president on Twitter:
2014-15 alumni UBC Board of Directors
Michael Lee, BSc'86, BA'89, MA'92,
Faye Wightman, BSC'81 (Nursing)
Ian Warner, BCom'89
Judy Rogers, BRE'
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2012-2015]
Blake Hanna, MBA'82
David Climie, BCom'83
Judy Rogers, BRE'ji
Ian Warner, BCom'89
Faye Wightman, BSC'81 (Nursing)
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2013-2016]
Valerie Casselton, BA'yy
Michael Lee, BSc'86, BA'89, MA'92, LLB
Gregg Saretsky, BSc'82, MBA'84
MEMBERS AT LARGE [2014-2017]
Robert Bruno, BCom'97
Ross Langford, BCom'89, LLB'89
Barbara Anderson, BSc'78
Barbara Miles, BA, Post Gradin Ed.
Arvind Gupta, BSc, MSc, PhD
Lindsay Gordon, BA'73, MBA'76
Jeff Todd, BA
At the alumni UBC AGM in September, we gained a new board chair, Michael Lee,
and welcomed two new members: Barbara Anderson and Ross Langford.
Find out more about your volunteer board members at alumni.ubc.ca/board
Michael Lee Faye Wightman Ian Warner Judy Rogers Blake Hanna
David Climie Valerie Casselton Gregg Saretsky Robert Bruno Ross Langford
Barbara Anderson Barbara Miles Arvind Gupta Lindsay Gordon Jeff Todd "It's lonely when you're one of the last speakers," says Michele Johnson, PhD'14. "You've
got no one left to talk to." At the age of 46, Johnson has found her life's work - her chawt -
in saving the nsyilxcgn language from dying out with the last few elders who speak it natively.
Johnson is a language activist, a language teacher and a passionate advocate for indigenous
anguages. One of UBC Okanagan's first two Aboriginal PhD graduates, she learned the
anguage of her father's nation through the remaining elders. Now she is trying to create
enough new speakers to bring it back from the brink of extinction
After two years of intensive study, Johnson is an intermediate speaker of nsyilxcgn -
also known as Okanagan, or Interior Salish - and sufficiently proficient to teach a community
class of adults - plus, as she puts it, "one extremely persistent 13-year-old."
With fewer than 100 native speakers of nsyilxcgn left, this work couldn't be timelier.
But nsyilxcgn isn't the only language at risk. All Aboriginal languages across Canada are
considered endangered
First Nations, First Languages
Before the arrival of the European settlers, North America was home to hundreds of indigenous
tongues. Even though many have now disappeared due to colonization, there are still more living
anguages in Canada and the United States than in Europe. The Ethnologue - a catalogue of the
world's languages - counts 313 Native languages north of the Mexican border versus 280 for all
of Europe
In 2011, the national census reported more than 60 Aboriginal languages in Canada. Over
half of them are found in just one province; British Columbia's coasts and valleys have been
home, for millennia, to the majority of Canada's
Native tongues
BC's pocket of linguistic richness has attracted
the attention of National Geographic, which, along
with the Living Tongues Institute for Endangered
Languages, recently designated the province as one
of the most endangered language hotspots on the
planet, threat level: severe
The "hotspot" designation refers not only to the
sheer number of languages at risk, many of which were traditionally spoken in a single valley,
but also to the unusual linguistic diversity. BC's indigenous languages come from seven distinct
anguage families, with two isolates (languages possessing no known relatives), compared with
just three language families in Europe (with Basque as the sole language isolate)
For people like Michele Johnson, this diversity of languages, almost unparalleled in the world,
is a heritage worth preserving
"Language is directly-
related to culture.  ^M
Who you are can only
be expressed properly
in your own language."
Kill the Language to Kill the Culture
First Nations communities lost everyday use of their
anguages over the course of the last century, when
generations of children as young as five were taken from
their families and confined in residential schools whose
main purpose was to assimilate them by cutting them
off from their culture and their language. Punishments
for children who were caught speaking their own
anguage, even if they knew no other, included beatings,
shaming, food deprivation and needles shoved in
their tongues
In the book Stolen from our Embrace, former
Musqueam Nation chief George Guerin recalls that
"Sister Marie Baptiste had a supply of sticks as long
and thick as pool cues. When she heard me speak my
anguage, she'd lift up her hands and bring the stick
down on me. I've still got bumps and scars on my hands
have to wear special gloves because the cold weather
really hurts my hands."
According to Patricia Shaw, founding chair of the
UBC First Nations Languages Program and a professor
in the Department of Anthropology, "the residentia
schools very frequently would not only refuse to let
the kids speak their languages to each other - and
they came in monolingual - but they also spoke of the
anguages as being primitive, as the language of the
devil, so the children internalized those beliefs. Now
they are beginning to see that these languages are rich
and a unique cultural heritage. But that psychologica
trauma of having had their personal and cultura
identities so devalued has had a huge impact."
This failed policy of residential schools, the
subject of a recent exhibition at UBC's Museum
of Anthropology, all but wiped out the indigenous
anguages. The scars can still be seen today in Canada's
Native communities, which suffer disproportionately
from poverty, marginalization, violence, addiction,
malnutrition and suicide. A 2013 study by the Canadian
Centre for Policy Alternatives and Save the Children
Canada found that half of status First Nations children
ive in poverty. In a 2011 fact sheet, the Assembly of
First Nations concluded that "a First Nation youth
is more likely to end up in jail than to graduate high
school" and that "suicide rates among First Nation
youth are five to seven times higher than other young
non-Aboriginal Canadians."
In 2007, researchers Michael Chandler and Darcy
Hallett from UBC and Christopher Lalonde from UVic
found a correlation between Aboriginal language
knowledge and youth suicide. In communities where
fewer than 50 per cent of the elders retained some
knowledge of their language, they found that young
people were six times more likely to take their own lives
Youth suicide is a powerful indicator of extreme
community distress, and the researchers found
anguage health was the strongest of six key indicators
of community health. The youth suicide rate "effectively
dropped to zero in those few communities in which at
east half the band members reported a conversationa
knowledge of their own 'Native' language."
Musqueam elder and UBC adjunct professor Larry
Grant is not surprised by this finding. "The importance
of language is that it grounds the youth, and the ones
without language don't have something to ground
them," he says
Like Johnson with nsyilxcgn, Grant is engaged
in his own battle to preserve his language after the
last native speaker of the Musqueam dialect of hgnq'gmin'gm'(Halkomelem) died in 2002
"The major challenge," he says, echoing Johnson on the loneliness of the last speakers, "is that
we don't have speakers, and the ones that are trying to speak don't have anyone to speak to."
Grant, who was born and raised in the Musqueam territory, co-teaches with Shaw at
UBC, but originally joined the First Nations Languages Program in 1998 as a student after
retiring from a 40-year career as a tradesman. On completing his second year, he was offered
a contract to teach
Gerry Lawson also sees a strong community imperative for revitalizing Aboriginal languages
A member of the Heiltsuk First Nation, Lawson is the coordinator for the Oral History and
Language Lab at UBC's Museum of Anthropology. Working on a project called Indigitization,
funded by the Irving K. Barber Learning Centre
at UBC, Lawson has assembled a toolkit to digitize 	
First Nations oral history and language to preserve
them for future generations
"Facilitating cultural and language revitalization
is really facilitating community health," says Lawson
"I grew up in a fairly unhealthy environment in
the '70s. [With revitalization] I've seen the health
of those communities become stronger and stronger.
Language is directly related to culture. Who you are
can only be expressed properly in your own language."
ndigenous languages contain ancient knowledge
about the natural environment that could help
protect biodiversity. "In languages there are invested
millennia of environmentally contextualized knowledge
systems that the indigenous peoples who speak
those languages have acquired," says Shaw. Ancient
anguages don't just encode names but also complex
information, as in the way "poison ivy" is both a name
and a description
A local example of ancient knowledge surpassing
modern scientific knowledge can be seen in the
classification of salmon. In the hgn'q'gmin'gm' language
of the Musqueam, cutthroat trout and steelhead trout
are not classified in the trout genus but as salmon
It took a while, but modern science has caught
up. According to Shaw, "not until the 1980s did
Western genetic scientists working with fish species
discover that these two species of so-called trout are
actually salmon."
But when languages become extinct, the knowledge
they contain disappears as well - knowledge that could
well help us protect biodiversity, maybe even find
a life-saving new drug
In the hsn'q'smin'sm' language on
the top, the cutthroat and steelhead
"trout" are correctly categorized
as salmon. Reprinted with permission
from K. David Harrison.
tfl     ns^i
clarki clarki
Linguistic Diversity,
Languages are not only important
for community identity. They also
reflect the unique connection
between people and their
environment. There may not be
21 words for snow in Inuit, as the
apocryphal story goes, but there
are certainly 11 words for rain in
Squamish, including raining continuously (Ihelhmxw), raining hard (timitsut), be pouring rain
(yixwementsut) and not be raining so hard (chay)
According to linguist K. David Harrison, co-founder, along with Greg Anderson, of the Living
Tongues Institute for Endangered Languages, the areas of highest linguistic diversity (defined
as the greatest number of languages per square kilometre) also tend to be areas with the
highest biodiversity. Languages in danger can be a clear sign of an environment in distress
Hope for the Future
Today, efforts are gaining speed to save BC's First
Nations languages while there is still time. Across
the province, teachers and language activists like
Johnson, Shaw and Grant are paving the way for
motivated learners to bring their languages back.
"The interest is beginning to grow," says Grant
"Right now a lot of things are happening around the
value of indigenous knowledge, cultural activities,
spirituality and, most important of all, self-identity."
He pauses. "I love seeing the light go on with young
people, the ah-ha moment: This is who I am.'"
Novel approaches are being taken by some language
activists, usually second-language speakers themselves
Khelsilem (formerly known as Dustin Rivers), for
example, is working to revitalize his own language, FEATURE   ■   endangered languages
When languages
become extinct,
the knowledge  I
they contain  J_
disappears as well.
which has just eight native speakers
eft.Heisplanningtospenda year
in a language house with three other
"twentysomethings," who will speak
only skwxwu7mesh (Squamish) to
each other. He is also the founder of
squamishlanguage.com. By creating
fluent speakers among 18- to 30-year-olds, Khelsilem's goal is parents who
will raise their families speaking Squamish so "our children's first language
(will be) the same as our great-grandparents'."
According to Bill Poser, adjunct professor of linguistics at UBC, there is
still hope for bringing the First Nations languages back from near death
First Nations Language
map of British Columbia, u
© Museum of Anthropology
It happened with Hebrew. "Hebrew ceased to be the language of daily
communication for the great majority of Jews around 300 BC," says Poser.
"Hebrew survived as a language that people could read, but for the most
part it was not a language that people spoke." Then, in the late 19th century,
"a few people decided they were going to use Hebrew at home. Newspapers
were published in Hebrew, people started speaking Hebrew with their
children, and today Hebrew has come back as the language of daily life
in Israel."
Saving BC's dying Native languages is a way to help restore communities
to health by returning what was, in a very real sense, stolen. It is also
a political choice. Says Shaw: "Language is political. It's political whether
we use English or French. Some communities that have held onto the
anguage use it as their secret language; the Nisga'a were known for
using the language to talk among themselves while in treaty negotiations
to strategize on their own."
Grant agrees. "Language is very political. If you examine whenever
indigenous language is used at a rally or a political event, look at what the
response is. It can be visceral."
Political they may be, but most of all the languages are an irreplaceable
heritage. "Who else speaks these languages in the entire world?" asks Shaw.
"They are complex systems with rich spiritual traditions - a unique legacy.
No one else in the world speaks Haida natively other than those who live
in Haida Gwaii. It's very special." D
Find out more about UBC's First Nations Language Program: fnlg.arts.ubc.ca.
a place of mind
Still promoting animal welfare and protection
Doreen Margetts had a distinguished career as a horsewoman, author
and breeder of thoroughbreds. She expressed her passion for animals
through a bequest in her will to UBC. Today, UBC's Animal Welfare
Program is possible in part because of her generosity.
UBC can help you plan a lasting legacy in a field important to you. Call
604.822.5373 or visit www.startanevolution.ca/Margetts
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604 6461111
Andrew Brentano, BA10, has been suf
the growth of a grassroots insect-farming
industry - starting in his own garage.
It was a hot and hazy summer afternoon when Andrew
Brentano decided to hunt for grasshoppers. He and
his wife, Jena, dragged their feet along the grass in
her parents' backyard to get the creatures jumping,
and then began capturing them one by one in their
cupped hands. In retrospect, he realized they should
have waited until evening when the insects were more
docile. But they caught about 20 and dropped them
into a Tupperware container.
The couple had just quit their jobs in Los Angeles,
his designing automated phone systems, and hers
managing a small business. They had talked a lot about
finding more fulfilling work, something with a positive
impact on the planet. They were interested in food
security, and came across the idea of eating insects
They were intrigued by the environmental arguments,
but first they had to try them. So, they boiled, fried,
salted and ate their grasshoppers. "They tasted like little
shrimp," he recalls. "Your first bug is the hardest. After
that it's just food."
North Americans may find it difficult to see insects
as just food, but entomophagy (the consumption of
insects by humans) is widely practised in Asia, Africa,
Latin America, and the Middle East. Insects supplement
the diets of approximately two billion people around the
world and have always been part of human diets. The
idea has gained currency in recent years because of the
rising global demand, and prices of food
Brentano and his wife recruited another partner,
software engineer Daniel Imrie-Situnayake, and began
to flesh out what they wanted to do. They considered
developing a food product, such as protein bars or
tortilla chips made from insect flour, but they quickly
realized there was a very short supply of insects
approved for human consumption by the US Food
and Drug Administration. "So we looked further down
the supply chain and we thought, ok, we need more
people farming insects. We need to develop more of an
industry," says Brentano. That's the goal of Tiny Farms,
their company, which is dedicated to finding more
efficient farming methods for an affordable, sustainable
supply of high-quality insects
It's a problem articulated in a widely read document
produced by the Food and Agriculture Organization
of the United Nations, called Edible Insects: future
prospects for food and feed security. While farming
insects holds out many green promises, producing far
ess greenhouse gas, consuming far less fossil fuel and
requiring far less water, the scale of current production
can't compete with conventional food and feed sources
One cricket farm in Ontario sells cricket flour online for
$40 a pound
Brentano found several farms that grow insects for
animal feed, but they weren't interested in the grocery
Andrew Brentano has so far raised crickets,
mealworms (shown), silkworms, tomato                                   Tfc
hornworms, and ivory cockroaches. Each of
these trays can hold 5,000-9,000 mealworms
(about 1 lb), and their complete lifecycle in
controlled conditions is about 75-80 days.
' 4
market. "Their primary markets are built on very high-margin live insects that you buy to feed
your pets. They sell for maybe a couple cents per cricket. If you're going to be selling for food
source you're going to need to sell for a couple dollars a pound, which is thousands of crickets
So they would lose a lot of money if they undercut their primary market."
The answer, he figured, lay in developing a large-scale model for an insect farm with lower
costs and higher food quality. They set up an insulated, climate-controlled bug farm in their
garage, raising crickets and mealworms, and also experimented with silkworms, tomato
hornworms, and ivory cockroaches. They started testing different habitats, feed formulations
and temperature, and are currently developing a low-cost automation system that can monitor
and provide documentation of all rearing practices for regulators. "It's kind of like doing severa
master's degrees at once: entomology, business, agriculture, economics,"
says Brentano of his venture. He graduated from UBC in 2010 from the
Cognitive Systems Program, a multi-disciplinary program including courses
in computer science, linguistics, philosophy, and psychology. He says that
degree was invaluable in preparing him to step into new fields
Along the way, they kept getting emails from people asking how they can
grow their own bugs for their chickens or for themselves. So they designed
a kit for people who want to grow mealworms, now available online. He
applied an idea from software design and made it open source, releasing
the schematics of the kit for free and setting up a forum for comments
The project is called Open Bug Farm, an information-sharing hub for people
interested in growing bugs. "The idea of open source is you take an idea,
you put it out there and you let a community develop around it," he says
"Everyone contributes so you get much faster growth."
Brentano describes mealworms as the "gateway bug," because they are
relatively easy to raise and quite palatable. A dry-roasted mealworm tastes
something like a sunflower seed. To an event for app designers, Brentano
brought baklava made with little caterpillars called waxworms in place
of walnuts. In nature, these are parasites that live in honeycomb, and he
describes the flavour as honey-glazed bacon. The app designers approved
He's also tried burgers made from ground silkworms, and many baked
goods made from insect flours. "We're very excited about the potentia
for caterpillars because they're large and meaty, so you can use them as
a whole food item on a plate."
Tiny Farms has acted as consultant for several companies developing insect-growing
operations, and Brentano says he is almost ready to move the garage bug farm to a larger
facility. "We're hoping to have a platform available, a ready-to-follow model for someone to take
and set up their own edible insect farm with all the knowledge about costs and structures that
they need." Insect farming is a great prospect for urban agriculture, because it can be done in
small structures FEATURE   •    bug bites
The exciting part of developing the insect-for-food industry, he says, is
that lessons can be learned from traditional agriculture. "There's a lot of
practices that are not sustainable that we have an opportunity to avoid
For example the overuse of antibiotics has huge negative implications for
human, animal, and environmental health. So that puts the impetus on us
as we develop industrial techniques to make sure that disease management
does not require mass use of antibiotics." There are simple measures that
can be taken, such as making sure the habitat designs minimize the stress
evel of insects, for example, and making them modular so that insects can
be quarantined very easily in case of a disease outbreak
Compared with how he felt
about his job at the tech company
where he designed automated
phone systems, ("the product
everyone loves to hate,") Brentano
is thrilled with his new work. "We
can definitely feel that we're in the
early stages of something that is
about to blow up and get huge,"
he says. "When we started it was
hard to tell people what we were
doing without getting grimaces and
aughs, but now people often say,
"don't crickets have a ton of protein
in them?" D
Find out more at tiny-farms.com / @tiny_farms / openbugfarm.com
Trek heard about Tiny Farms when Andrew uploaded information about the
project to yourevolution.ubc.ca, a purpose-built website where alumni and
other members of the UBC community can publicize the socially beneficial
projects in which they are involved.
Mealworms and crickets might not be on your shopping list, but
people have been eating insects since Moses. Murray Isman,
professor and former dean at the UBC Faculty of Land and
Food Systems, wrote a journal article in 1995 considering why
grasshoppers and locusts are deemed kosher in the Book of Leviticus,
but not other insects. "I thinkthat people had been eating these for
centuries, so the Old Testament writers basically just legitimized it,"
he says. "Most of the world seems to know that insects are a really
great source of protein. Just not us."
Isman has studied insects and mass insect breeding for more
than 30 years, and has a keen interest in bugs as food. He lists the
benefits of producing insects over big warm-blooded animals: their
nutritional value is equal or greater; the ecological footprint per gram
of protein is far smaller; and the hygiene issues are easier to address.
Our resistance to bugs for dinner isn't even logical, given what else
we eat. "I try to remind people, when they say that eating insects
is 'ick,' that we eat lobsters and crabs and they are garbage feeders
on the bottom of the ocean. In fact, they are just like large insects,
so get over it."
What has helped move the debate forward, he says, is the
2013 publication of Edible Insects: future prospects for feed and food
security by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United
Nations. (The report was co-written by UBC alumna Afton Halloran,
see next page.) The document has been much cited in the media,
and has become the go-to source of information on insects as food.
Another positive development has been a growing industry of insect
production for animal and fish feed.
Isman will be working with one such commercial operation:
an insect farm in South Surrey called Ofbug, which produces
mealworms for organic chicken feed. He hopes to secure a research
grant to expand that project. "I think if they have a viable business
we can help them scale up, and turn them in the direction of breeding
insects for human consumption fairly easily."
He estimates that it will be two decades before bug cuisine
reaches the same ubiquity as sushi. But by then, it will be necessary.
"What's going to happen is that people will realize that the land and
grain and water required to produce beef and other livestock is just
not sustainable. In 20 years Angus beef will cost what Wagu beef
costs today, it will be an absolute luxury like caviar. Sources of food
like insects will move into the void left by beef."
Afton Halloran, BSc'09, co-wrote a major
UN publication on the contribution of
insects to global food security. Her
fascination with the subject led to
a chance meeting.
Afton Halloran wasn't looking for love when she
searched out one of the world's weirdest foods, a sheep
cheese imbued with fly larvae. It was 2013, and Halloran
was working as a consultant at the Food and Agriculture
Organization of the United Nations in Rome, co-writing
a major publication on the contribution of insects to
global food security. So when she heard about casu
marzu, a traditional delicacy among the locals on the
island of Sardinia, she wanted to try it
"It's a normal type of cheese, but in households they
eave it out and allow a special fly called the cheese
fly to lay its eggs in it," she explains. "It's a snobby fly
that only eats fine cheese. The larvae develop and they
digest the cheese. The fats in the cheese get slowly
broken down and the fermentation creates a completely
different flavour." Because of the obvious food safety
issues, the cheese is not commercially available. She
contacted a well-known chef
on the island, Roberto Flore,
for help
They met, and he took
her to a farmer who gave her
some cheese. It had a pungent,
barnyard smell, and the texture
was creamy and smooth with
tangy and spicy notes. The
bold aftertaste of the cheese
ingered for a long time. But that wasn't the most
powerful impression of the day. She and Flore connected
immediately. She was impressed by his knowledge of
ocal and regional food systems and his pride for all
things Sardinian. Halloran, originally from Ladysmith,
could see similarities between the island cultures of
their homes
"People are realizing
that there are over  ■
1,900 different species
of insects that can  ■
be used just like any-
other ingredient."   —
Flore was representing Sardinia in a national culinary competition on
Italian television, so they saw each other often when he travelled to Rome
Halloran was planning a move backto Copenhagen, where she had done her
master's degree in urban agriculture, and it turned out that Flore had been
thinking about the same thing. He wanted to work at the Nordic Food Lab,
a not-for-profit institution devoted to exploring new flavours from Nordic
food sources including insects. The lab was co-founded by Rene Redzepi,
head chef at Noma, which has been named the best restaurant in the world
four times by the influential Restaurant magazine
So they moved to Copenhagen. Flore got a job at the lab, and was
promoted to head chef. "It was completely coincidental and serendipitous,"
she says, about her cheesy love story. "But it makes sense too."
Halloran's interest in eating insects began in 2007.
She was wandering through a market in Kampala,
Uganda, when a vendor offered her some deep-fried
crickets. She was a fourth-year UBC student in the
Global Resource Systems Program, and she was game
for a new experience. The crunchy little
bugs caused her to think. "This is a food
source that exists all over the world,
and yet we in the West haven't really
taken it up," she says. "It's us that are
the strange ones."
Since then, she has travelled to
many places and studied how loca
cultures produce and consume
insects. In Copenhagen, she helped
to form a research consortium of public and private
institutions called GREEINSECT, which received a grant
of $i.2M Euros (about $i.7M Canadian) from the Danish
nternational Development Agency to investigate
how insects can be used as a supplementary source
of protein by means of mass production in small to
arge-scale industries in Kenya. Halloran is currently FEATURE   •    bug bites
working on her PhD in collaboration with this group
Her project looks at the nutritional, socio-economic
and environmental impacts of mass rearing insects
in Kenya. Other researchers, from Kenya and around
the world, are looking at various other angles, such
as the economics, the legislation, the food policy,
and the insect pathology.
As she flies back and forth between Kenya and
Copenhagen, she sees two ends of the spectrum of
entomophagy: the development of an industry to
revalidate traditional food and address food security;
and the use of insects as an innovative ingredient in
fine dining. The Nordic Food Lab has developed such
delicacies as a garam (think soy sauce) made from
fermented grasshoppers, and Flore recently created
a toasted bee larvae soup, which Halloran says tastes
ike honey and grass. At Noma recently, she tasted
a beef tartare sprinkled with a type of local ant that produces a formic acid as a defense
mechanism. She describes the effect as "little bombs of lemon" dropping on your tongue
"In many cultures that have insect consumption as part of their food culture, insects are
generally considered a delicacy and can often cost more than other animal meats. So on one
hand there's a high value being placed on this food source. However, the problem in the West
is that insects are still seen as a novelty product or something used as a gimmick. But I think
that is changing. People are realizing that there are over 1,900 different species of insects that
can be used just like any other ingredient." D
Little data is available on the quantities of
insects consumed worldwide. From that which
is available, the most commonly consumed
insects are:
scale insects
and true bugs
10% —■
Meet. Connect. Celebrate.
Book now.
(Source: information guide based on the FAO's
Edible insects: future prospects for food and
feed security.)
Why Insects?
Environmental Benefits
■   Insects have a high feec
rsion efficiency
cold-blooded. Feed-to-meat conversion rates (how much feed is needed
to produce a 1 kg increase in weight) vary widely depending on the class
of the animal and the production practices used, but nonetheless insects
are extremely efficient. On average, insects can convert 2 kg of feed into
1 kg of insect mass, whereas cattle require 8 kg of feed to produce 1 kg
of body weight gain.
The production of greenhouse gases by most insects is likely to be
lower than that of conventional livestock. For example, pigs produce
10-100 times more greenhouse gases per kg of weight than mealworms.
Insects can feed on bio-waste, such as food and human waste, compost
and animal slurry, and can transform this into high-quality protein that
can be used for animal feed.
Insects use significantly less water than conventional livestock.
Mealworms, for example, are more drought-resistant than cattle.
Insect farming is less land-dependent than conventional
Health Benefits
■   The nutritional content of insects depends on their stage of life
(metamorphic stage), habitat and diet. However, it is widely
accepted that:
-   Insects provide high-quality protein and nutrients comparable
with meat and fish. Insects are particularly important as a food
supplement for undernourished children because most insect
species are high in fatty acids (comparable with fish). They are also
rich in fibre and micronutrients such as copper, iron, magnesium,
manganese, phosphorous, selenium and zinc.
-   Insects pose a low risk of transmitting zoonotic diseases (diseases
transmitted from animals to humans) such as like H1N1 (bird flu)
and BSE (mad cow disease).
Livelihood and Social Benefits
■   Insect gathering and rearing <
I can offer important livelihooc
diversification strate
isects can be
ctly and easily collected
in the wild. Minimal technical or capital expenditure is required for
basic harvesting and rearing equipment.
Insects can be gathered in the wild, cultivated, processed and sold by
the poorest members of society, such as women and landless people
in urban and rural areas. These activities can directly improve diets
and provide cash income through the selling of excess production
as street food.
Insect harvesting and farming can provide entrepreneurship
opportunities in developed, transitional and developing economies.
Insects can be processed for food and feed relatively easily. Some
species can be consumed whole. Insects can also be processed into
pastes or ground into meal, and their proteins can be extracted.
UBC alumni are the heart of UBC. So UBC and alumni UBC have built the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre
in the heart of our Vancouver campus. It's a place to welcome all who visit UBC, as well as a place
to connect through socializing, mentoring, learning and fostering entrepreneurship.
Experience your next meeting or social event at the new home for UBC alumni for life.
You don't have to be a UBC graduate to reserve space. But if you are, preferred rates apply.
(Source: information guide based on the FAO's Edible insects: future
prospects for food and feed security.)
Opening Spring 2015
alumnicentre.ubc.ca I Welcome!
mp this March, undiagnosed
patients and their families shared
stories and established a community.
Alumni Nicholas Miller and Crystal Shearman are creating a powerful
'ocumentary to underline the plight of people living with undiagnosed conditions.
Anyone who's ever been nervous for blood test results
or an exploratory procedure can tell you: it's the not
knowing that's the worst. The mind offers an endless
stream of possible outcomes, each scenario worse than
the last. You are anchored to your short-term plans
But you are still expected to function, to go to work,
to relax with friends as if you hadn't a care in the world
magine this scenario writ large - waiting not days
or weeks, but years, and potentially a lifetime
This is what it's like to be an undiagnosed patient,
a category that, according to medical databases that
cross-reference medical disorders, does not even exist
Despite an estimated 350 million people suffering
worldwide from rare and undiagnosed illnesses, public
awareness of their struggle is almost nonexistent,
a phenomenon that prompted Nicholas Miller and
Crystal Shearman to tackle the subject in their
forthcoming documentary, Undiagnosed
When Shearman and Miller were studying at UBC,
the topic of disease research was the furthest thing from
their minds. As undergraduates - Shearman studying
music composition and Miller in Film Studies - they had
bought a home, established themselves in the local film
community, and were planning a family. But in August of
2010, Miller was diagnosed with testicular cancer. With
two years left on their visas, they were able to remain
in Canada for medical treatment before returning to the
United States in 2012. The plan was to set up a new film
base in Los Angeles after visiting family in Park City,
Utah. But while Miller was receiving follow-up treatment
in Utah, they met Katia Moritz, a doctor who would
dramatically change the course of their lives
■ U1I
Moritz is a psychologist and director of the NeuroBehavioral Institute, specializing in treating
debilitating anxiety disorders in children and adults. After undergoing a routine endoscopy in
2010, Moritz woke up with a stabbing pain through her chest, a syndrome doctors couldn't put
a name to, leading her to fight two battles: one against her own body, and one against a medica
system that has no infrastructure for monitoring and treating unknown illnesses. There was
no database for tracking undiagnosed disorders. No way for doctors to research similar cases
When a patient with an undiagnosed condition died, the information usually died with them,
a tragic loss for the medical community as well as others seeking treatment
"Nick and I were both stunned by her journey and all of the uncertainty that a long-term
undiagnosed patient deals with," says Shearman. "It is truly a terrifying way to live." Millions of
patients and doctors out there dealing with the same issue meant millions of untold stories, an
idea that intrigued the filmmakers. "Being undiagnosed is something that we had never even
thought of, and I think that's true for most people," continues Shearman. "I expected that when
you're sick, you go to the doctor, they figure it out, give you a pill, do surgery, do treatment.,
had no idea that there are people who go for years, decades, and lifetimes without a diagnosis
And this is not a small group we
are talking about, it's hundreds of
millions of people."
Fresh off their ordeal with
Miller's cancer, the couple
already had a sense of medica
inequality on the mind. Miller
had been cancer-free since
eaving Vancouver, but he spent
more money on two check-ups in Utah than he spent on two years of treatment in Canada,
something that would have broken the bank if he had received his initial treatment in the US
"Without Nick's experience of having cancer - and being treated in Canada as a big part of that
experience - I'm not sure we would have had enough understanding of how devastating it is to
be undiagnosed," says Shearman, "and I'm not sure we would have endeavoured on this project.'
Together, the trio set about documenting the research that Moritz had been compiling for
a book. By January 2013, with Shearman producing and Moritz and Miller sharing the director's
chair, they were off and filming. At the time, Moritz was confident a diagnosis for her condition
Despite an estimated 350 million
people suffering worldwide from
rare and undiagnosed illnesses,
public awareness of their  ^^H~
struggle is almost nonexistent.
was imminent, and they wanted to capture her life
before and after the moment of certainty.
Two years later, they were still waiting. Moritz was
no closer to an answer than when they started shooting,
but in that time they journeyed across the US to film
five different families living in limbo as they seek the
same answers as Moritz. Travelling to 20 cities over
the course of 18 months, the team gathered more
than 300 hours of footage, and with more shoots stil
planned, they expect to be sifting through 400 hours
by the time they're through
nterviewing a wide range of experts - doctors,
technologists, psychologists - as well as crafting
intimate portraits of affected patients and their
families, the crew rode a rollercoaster of alternately
tragic and life-affirming narratives. "The subject of
our documentary does tend toward heartbreaking
stories," says Miller, "stories of people and their families
fighting almost Sisyphean obstacles. But it's through
these difficulties that people find enormous and
unexpected strength."
"They had different conditions and symptoms,"
adds Moritz of the many patients they interviewed,
"but they all have something in common: even though
many of these patients are struggling with very serious
and life threatening medical symptoms, they do
everything they can to function and balance their lives
to be as normal as possible. The children go to schoo
and go away on vacations and the adults try to continue
to function and enjoy life."
More than a search for cures, the struggle of the
undiagnosed is shadowed by this complex routine of
hope and despair. One mother the team profiles lost
her son before his first birthday, but had saved severa
tissue samples for further testing. Five years later, she
is down to the last sample and has to decide what fina
test offers the best chance of giving her closure
On the other end of the spectrum, a 16-year-old girl
endures painful, seizing muscle cramps that have not
allowed her a decent night's sleep in a decade. But
sequencing her genome - only a recently affordable
procedure - revealed a mutated gene that gave her
doctors two pieces of life-changing information: she
would have a normal life expectancy, and an effective
medication was available to ease the cramping. "I could
see a world of difference in the faces of her and her
family since the last time we had visited when the gene
mutation was still unknown," recalls Shearman. "For the
first time ever, she was filling out college applications
and making plans for her future, something they had
never expected she would live to do."
Had these women been linked by a common
disorder such as muscular hypertrophy or breast
cancer, they might have met through an organization
Crafting intimate portraits
of affected patients and  —
their families, the crew
rode a rollercoaster of
alternately tragic and  |
life-affirming narratives.
ike the Muscular Dystrophy Association or Ride for the Cure. But this is perhaps the root issue
for people suffering from undiagnosed conditions: the lack of a supportive community. Even
illnesses such as muscular dystrophy and cancer are actually families of diseases that are united
under single banners, which makes it easier
to connect patients, raise funds, and provide
a variety of support services
The rare disease population has used
this strategy with great effect, increasing
their size and their sense of community by
adopting a "rare diseases" persona, rather
than articulating themselves as thousands
of individual diseases with small patient
populations. "You have probably never
heard of [the gene] NGLYi since only 17 patients [with a mutation of this gene] have ever been
identified," says Shearman, "but surely you have heard of Rare Diseases. By taking that stance,
their collective community has shown that rare diseases are actually not that rare." While
undiagnosed patients have a wide variety of symptoms and potential diagnoses, their numbers
are strong as a collective population. "Anyone who is on a medical journey needs support," she
continues, "but the undiagnosed patients don't have any kind of medical home." More than
a branding issue, the need for a cohesive identity among sufferers of undiagnosed conditions
is the key to bringing them together, a concept not lost on the filmmakers
"One of the most important goals of this film is
providing community for the undiagnosed population,"
says Miller. "Many of these people go through their
entire diagnostic odyssey not realizing there are
others out there that are going through the same
challenges." To address this issue, they organized
a weekend "Undiagnosed Camp" in March, 2014,
bringing five families from across the country to
Utah's National Ability Center to share their stories
and establish a sense of community. "While the
illness that affected each family or patient was
different," adds Miller, "there was a deep connection
in that they all shared the difficulty of the unknown
An immediate bond was formed between the
families that came to the camp, and the beginning
of a community was born."
As important as it is to establish such a community,
the benefits of uniting the undiagnosed reach far
beyond the patients themselves and into the entire
health care system. It was research into a rare form
of hypercholesterolemia (genetic high cholesterol) that
ed to the development of statins, a cholesterol-reducing
drug that has become the best-selling pharmaceutica
in history. "If you look at the history of certain medicines
ike statins, they actually came from studying relatively
rare diseases and understanding the genetic basis for
them," says Dr. Dean Li, the Chief Scientific Officer for
University of Utah Health Sciences and a contributor
to the film. "So the study of rare diseases and finding
their genetic link is a critical strategy, not just for the
rare disease and the undiagnosed disease individuals
It's important for all of medicine, and for the treatment
of all people." FEATURE    •
medical minorities
But it's a long road from a weekend camp to the
next major medical breakthrough, a road Undiagnosed
has only begun to pave. So far, Shearman, Miller, and
Moritz have crafted the film with no additional crew or
resources, funding their journey entirely out of pocket
They've since gathered $isoK in grants and private
donations, and are seeking to double that to complete
the project, hoping to have a cut ready for film festivals
by fall of 2015
The timing seems right. The National Institutes
of Health in the US has the capacity to evaluate only
50-100 undiagnosed cases per year, which recently led
them to commit $43M to franchise their Undiagnosed
Diseases Program to six academic medical centers
around the country. And with the exponential growth
of social media, patients who once suffered in silence
are now able to share their symptoms and connect
with others
"If you look at the history of
certain medicines like statins,
they actually came from studying
relatively rare diseases and  I
understanding the genetic   r^
basis for them."
But for the filmmakers, nothing can be better than
seeing results face-to-face. "After two years of filming,
we are actually getting to see some of the children and
adults progress," says Shearman. "Some have found
answers, others have found community support or have
been inspired to create their own 'undiagnosed' support
groups. Getting to know these passionate people to
the point of calling them friends and being able to give
their struggles voice and validation - that has been the
greatest reward." D
To find out more or donate, visit: undiagnosedfilm.com
and follow (S)UndiagnosedFilm
It seems odd to describe a medical issue that affects 1 in 12 Canadians as "rare." But taken
collectively, the hodgepodge of roughly 7,000 conditions that fall under the rubric of "rare
diseases" affects more than three million Canadians - and these are just the known cases
Considering it takes an average 7.6 years for a patient to be diagnosed with a rare disease,
undiagnosed patients push those numbers even higher.
Defined as a condition that afflicts fewer than 1 in 2,000 people, a rare disease, taken by itself,
is an outsider looking in at the multi-billion-dollar health care industry. With scant research
funds and little in the way of a patient-support system, doctors and patients have learned the
hard way that sufferers of rare diseases won't receive the care they need until the medica
community makes a mental shift from the rare singular to the frequent collective, a strategy
being led by the Rare Disease Foundation (RDF)
In 2007, UBC geneticists Millan Patel and Neal Boerkoel found themselves regularly dealing
with families facing undiagnosed disease issues, and were seeking ways to get families support
from government and medical institutions that barely recognized rare and undiagnosed
conditions as worth addressing. (Undiagnosed conditions and rare diseases go hand-in-hand,
and are often referred to collectively.)
One of their colleagues connected them with UBC anthropologist Bill McKellin, who had
conducted research about families' experiences with genetic conditions and had introduced
anthropological interviews to the medical school program. McKellin took a personal interest in
the project - one of his daughters has a rare disease marked by hearing loss and dwarfism, and
he'd had extensive contact with doctors over the years. "We've had some exceptionally good
doctors and we've had some exceptionally bad doctors," he says, "and the chance to open the
eyes of people at the beginning of their careers had all kinds of enticement."
In spring 2008, Isabel Jordan joined the conversation
Jordan's son Zach had a rare genetic disorder with
a host of medical complications, requiring constant care
and occasional surgical procedures. With no umbrella
organization to provide guidance and support, she
was lost in the medical system, overwhelmed by an
endless string of questions. "All I wanted was to talk
to somebody else, another parent that could help me,"
she recalls. "He was about to start kindergarten, and
just wanted somebody, anybody, to tell me what to do
next. There was not an organization, not another parent
for me to connect with and help me sort out what was
going to happen. There was nobody. I was completely
at sea."
Jordan muddled through the next few years the best
she could. "We got through it," she says, "because, you
know, you do." But when Zach turned six and required
surgery to remove a tumour in his jaw, things went
from worse to worst. "We ended up in the hospital with
him, and we didn't have anybody to turn to to tell us
where the good showers were or how to advocate for
him when hewasin ICUwhen things all went to hell,
because they did. We didn't have a soul to talk to except
for Millan, who was great and kept checking in on us."
Zach's downturn prompted Jordan and Millan to begin
advocating for parents in similar situations, and with the
help of Boerkoel, McKellin, and a few other parents and
physicians, the Rare Disease Foundation was born
As a support group for families affected by
rare diseases, the foundation gave Jordan's family
a new handle on their situation simply by virtue of community. "It was the most absolutely
transformative experience of my life. It was incredible. Because this journey that my husband
and I had been on completely alone since day one - none of my friends got it, my parents didn't
get it, nobody got it. Now I was in a room with strangers, and for the first time, they all got it."
The support group soon led to a parent-to-parent resource network, which has since been
expanded across the country - an Ottawa chapter in 2011, Toronto in 2012, Victoria in 2013
Recently the foundation held an event just for fathers, hosting guest speaker Ian Brown, whose
award-winning 2009 memoir The Boy in the Moon chronicled the joys and struggles of raising his
own severely disabled son
The importance of these resource networks to families cannot be overstated, in essence
a way to treat the families instead of the illnesses. "Even if you have a family member with a rare
disease," says Jordan, "even if there's no cure or no treatment, there's a lot that you can do to
make life easier. And if you can make it incrementally easier, then it's more time you can have
fun as a family and more time you can focus on each other as a couple, your child, just being
a family."
As vital as the parent-to-parent resource network is to the families, it is only a band-aid on
the larger, systemic issue of medical and government organizations failing to provide adequate
research funding and umbrella support to the large number of people affected by rare and
undiagnosed conditions. Research funding, for instance, favours specific diseases (or groups
of diseases) that affect large populations. It is a utilitarian approach to population health, but it
ignores the fundamental right of everyone to have equal access to health care, a notion in which
Canadians in particular take great pride
ronically, the warp-speed progress of genetic testing is helping the medical community
self-correct through the increasing popularity of personalized medicine. This is the practice of
tailoring health care to individuals based on their distinct molecular identity - in other words,
treating the particular person instead
of the disease. "In some ways, the
more tailored things get, the better,"
says McKellin. "Now pharmaceutica
companies can go after those specific
mutations that cause diseases in
particular individuals - as in muscular
dystrophy - rather than testing a drug
on all of the people with the same
symptoms. Unfortunately, this division
of people with the same diagnosis but different mutations can also divide support communities
So people start to think about these various mutations as different rare diseases when they're
defined genetically, as opposed to clinically."
Treating diseases genetically (by their root causes) rather than clinically (by how they
manifest themselves) is a sea change in the medical community, leading inexorably closer to an
era of personalized medicine, a boon to sufferers of rare disorders. "It's easy for us to think about
disease as having a simple cause," continues McKellin. "But a genetic abnormality that is part of
your basic makeup may manifest itself in a host of ways. And so now people talk about disease
pathways rather than specific disease."
Only eight years ago, exome sequencing (a form of genetic sequencing that focuses on exons,
the one per cent of the human genome whose mutations result in the most severe disabilities)
would run someone $50,000. Today the cost is below $3,000, and getting cheaper. This is
welcome news to sufferers of rare and undiagnosed conditions, many of whom spend years
moving from specialist to specialist in search of answers
"It's to the point where it's almost cheaper to do exome sequencing than to try a number
of drugs on a kid to see which works," says McKellin. "Personalized medicine in general is
becoming a way of avoiding having to go through that trial and error with your doctor and
instead you find out what actually works for you."
Defined as a condition
that afflicts fewer than l in
2,000 people, a rare disease,
taken by itself, is an outsider
looking in at the multi-billion-
dollar health care industry. FEATURE    •
medical minorities
Research funding favours specific
diseases (or groups of diseases) I
that affect large populations.
It is a utilitarian approach to
population health, but it ignores
the fundamental right of everyone
to have equal access to health care.
Not that there isn't still plenty
of room for research on specific
rare diseases, particularly
those that aren't caused by
genetic mutation. To address
the gap left by research funding
priorities based on population
health, RDF has established
a microgrant program to fund
research for individuals who
have rare, but equally important health needs. To date, more than half a million dollars has been
awarded in increments of $3,200 to $3,500, money raised through fundraisers sponsored by
UBC, UBC Rec, and BC Children's Hospital Foundation
Ultimately, these are all stopgap solutions until the broader research and government
institutions begin to address the medical and social needs of those with rare and undiagnosed
diseases. On top of the physical, emotional, and financial struggles faced by this community
are a host of ancillary issues. The lack of a specific diagnosis, for instance, makes it extremely
difficult for disabled students to get support services in a public classroom, even when a clinician
can inform the school of the child's physical needs. And according to Jordan, families unable to
provide proof of a diagnosis are rejected for the government's disability tax credit an average of
five times before being approved
But even these large-scale, institutional challenges are slowly abating. RDF co-founder Nea
Boerkoel has recently taken a laboratory director role in the National Institutes of Health's Office
of Rare Diseases Research, and in February 2014, RD-Connect and the Hospital for Sick Children
in Toronto launched PhenomeCentral, an online database that matches rare-disease patients
with similar genotypes and phenotypes to connect
clinicians and scientists and speed up the discovery
of genes responsible for rare disorders
But it all comes back to the families having the same
access to health care and services that are afforded
those with well-known conditions. "It's difficult to put
it in terms of competition" says Jordan. "It's not like
we're saying that those are not also worthy things to
fund. It's more about getting equity and having the
public, the government, and funding agencies being
aware that there is a group that, when you take us all
together, represent a very big portion of the population
It's my son, it's my community, that deserve access
to health care, and that's a population that right now
is just completely falling through the cracks." D
Find out more or join the online community
at rarediseasefoundation.org
Trek heard about The Rare Disease Foundation
when information about the project was added
to yourevolution.ubc.ca, a purpose-built website
where alumni and other members of the UBC community
can publicize the socially beneficial projects in which they
are involved.
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Conceived in prosperity at the
zenith of the world's triumph
of invention and luxury, our
University has been born at the
ime of its greatest tragedy"
> reads the opening sentence of a message from UBC's first president,
ank Wesbrook, published in UBC's 1916 annual. By the end of the First
'orld War, 697 UBC students had seen active service and 78 lost their
res. At this time the university's annual enrollment only numbered in the
indreds. Faculty members also served in Europe.
Wesbrook strove to maintain a sense of community during these
icertain years. He proposed that the student publications be used as
central clearing house for news. He made sure UBC soldiers received
copies and encouraged them to write letters from Europe for inclusion,
believing they would "finally crystallize into an informal record of the early
days of the institution."
Wesbrook sent prompt personal replies to the letters he received,
impressing on the student soldiers his desire that they return safely to
continue their education at UBC. Dr. Wesbrook died on October 20,1918,
three weeks before the war ended.
UBC's first president,
Frank Fairchild Wesbrook.
Photo courtesy University Archives.
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UBC opened in 1915 in temporary
headquarters at the former McGill
University College facilities on
the Fairview slopes. This field card
still refers to the fledgling institution
as McGill University. (Reverse side
of card on page 30.)
Edward Weldon Berry, BA'16
Berry enlisted as a gunner with the 46th Battery in December 1915,
and proceeded to England early in 1916. He served in France with the
Third Divisional Signal Company on the Somme in 1916, and at Vimy
Ridge, Hill 70, and Passchendaele. He was gassed at Loos in 1917.
He was invalided to England and on recovery was granted a commission
in the Royal Air Force. He was UBC's first Rhodes Scholar and took up
his residence in St John's College, Oxford, in April 1919. Edward Berry
died at Oxford on January 28,1920, of heart disease resulting from
the effects of gas. He was buried In Wolvercote Cemetery, Oxford.
Guy Borthwick Moore
While attending university, Moore qualified as a lieutenant in the
11th Regiment, Irish Fusiliers of Canada, and secured his captain's
papers in the summer of 1916. He enlisted in Decemberi9i6 as a cadet
with the Royal Flying Corps and crossed to England in January 1917.
After being awarded his pilot's wings he was made second lieutenant
in August 1917, immediately crossing to France to join the 1st Scouting
Squadron. He remained with his unit all winter and was promoted
to lieutenant and later to captain and flight commander. In March 1918
he was awarded the Military Cross. Captain Moore was killed in action
on April 7,1918, over Ypres and was buried near the spot where he fell.
He was officially credited with bringing down 12 enemy planes during
his service in France.
Harry Tremaine Logan
Logan was a professor of classics. He went to France in 1915, where he
served in the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders of Canada and the Canadian
Machine Gun Corps (CMGC). He became a captain in March 1917 and
a major in December 1918. He was awarded the Military Cross. He prepared
the official history of the CMGC in 1919 before returning to teaching the
following year. He became head of UBC's Department of Classics in 1949
and went onto write the first published history of UBC, TuumEst, in 1958.
He was still teaching right up until his 80th birthday in 1967.
Arthur Edward Lord, BA'n
Lord became a private in the 196th Battalion in September 1916 and
went to England in November. He went to France with the 46th Battalion
in February 1917. He was wounded on June 1,1917, invalided to England
in July, andtoCanadainMarch of the following year. He was discharged
in April 1918, having attained the rank of corporal, and went on to earn
his bachelor's degree.
Joseph Thomas Smeeton, BA'19
Smeeton was in the Canadian Officer Training Corps from 1914 to
1915. He became a private in the 131st Battalion in December 1915 and
a lieutenant in May 1916. He went to Europe in November 1916, serving
with the 30th Reserve Battalion in England and the 54th Battalion in
France. He was invalided to England in April 1917. His record of service
then lists him at the BC Regimental Depot in Seaford (May 1917); with
the 16th Reserve (August 1917); and attached to the Royal Flying Corps
(November 1917). He returned to Canada and was discharged in January
1919. A1925 alumni directory lists him as a Presbyterian minister living
in Saskatoon.
Images from	
McGill College/
UBC annuals —
courtesy of I
AMS Archives.
January 17/17
Dear Dr. Wesbrook -
I received your Christmas card on the 14th, and am very
grateful indeed for the kind wishes which it conveyed.
I must apologize first of all for not having written you
before, but we have been rather strenuously engaged during the
past few months and correspondence for the most part has gone
to the wall. Our unit has been in action periodically ever since we
came over, but it was last fall during our two months' engagement in the
"Big Push" that we received our baptism of fire and gained some idea of the
destructive effect of a concentrated artillery bombardment.
It is very interesting indeed to be able to watch good artillery fire search
out and finally destroy its objective, though occasionally when the Boche guns
attempted to demolish our location the shells dropped rather too closely to admit
of disinterested observation...
... Just at present we are in a very different position, one which seems even
funereal by contrast, and we are glad to be here for it enabled us to celebrate
Christmas and New Year's in the old-fashioned way. Our Christmas dinner
contained such orthodox items as roast turkey and plum pudding, while the
tables were loaded with an imposing array of Christmas parcels which had been
accumulating for a week beforehand. Only the presence of a little snow was
required to make us think we were spending a real Canadian Christmas, but in
the absence of that feathery substance a steady downpour of rain, which tried
hard to dampen our spirits but failed miserably, was quite sufficient to remind
us that we were spending Christmas in France...
Feb. 10-1917
My dear Mr. Berry:
... We do not feel so very remote from you all nor that our part in the war is quite
so vicarious when we hear from you..
... It was good news to hear that all the boys are in good health and doing well
Be sure to urge upon all of them that we are regarding their present experiences
as only a phase of their education and training and that we want them all back.
To you we look as the first representative of the University to be sent to Oxford
You will have much to do in carrying our message to them and later in bringing
back all the good things you can from the Motherland to be applied to our
problems here
Wishing you and all the others continued safety and
success and hoping that it may not be long until you are
back with us again
30th April 1917
Dear Dr. Wesbrook -
Every day out here impresses me more and more with the
deep meaning of a letter from home...
I have seen a great many of our boys out here and, as I have said
more than once before to you, it is always a source of joy and pride to meet them.
They almost invariably have received promotion, in most cases they have been tiSi
1   of
FEATURE   •    letters from the front
.....•«* *™°* .____:.r. ***
.;v. <*
promoted to commissioned rank... Smeeton
I know from reports to have done exceptionally well in
the Vimy Ridge Operation... he is, I believe, now in charge of his Company...
... Do you know, I often imagine my brain will be so long applied to A/I.G.
And Army work that I shall have gotten quite hopelessly behind in Classical
knowledge, and yet my two years teaching in the Univ. of B.C. Are among the
happiest years of my life and I do feel I could return quite gleefully to that work,
if it were not for the thought that my students would suffer from my Latin and
Greek being so coated over with rust.
... / am writing this in our Company Advanced Headquarters, situated in
a comparatively luxurious dug-out, until three weeks ago occupied by a Hun
company commander. He left in too great a hurry to destroy the furniture of
the place, though he found time to break the face of the clock and his mirror.
He left us a hat rack, a table, four chairs and a bed, in his sitting-room and
bedroom. In the kitchen a stove, an excellent Carbide lamp, one or two cooking
utensils. His dug-outs are a great asset to our men during this advance...
July 3,1917
My dear Lieut. Logan
... Do not worry about getting rusty in classics. It may be a matter of chalk and
cheese but what you lose in rust you will more than make up in polish of another
kind. All of us stay at home people will lack something for the rest of our lives
for which nothing can compensate... I am glad to know that Fritz is such a good
provider for himself, especially when you can make him give up his provisions..
January 5th 1917.
My Dear Dr. Wesbrook,
... My letters... would hardly pass the English test
I am afraid, or Mr. Henderson's literary criticism...
One cannot write very coherent letters when one's
nerves are on edge. What with wet, cold, dirt& more dirt
& a little more dirt; the guns going boom, boom, boom all day
long, eighteen of us living in a dugout, 30 feet by 8 ft by 8 ft &
30 feet underground, & writing by the aid of a single candle, one cannot compile
very good letters. We are all happy and cheerful however. I am looking forward
to a gala day tomorrow. We have a colonel & a major with us for a few days on
a cooks tour. I have my eye on the colonel's water bottle & intend to have a shave
& give my face a sponge bath with the contents thereof. This will indeed be a gala
day I can assure you. I would be very grateful if you would have a copy of the
Calendar forwarded to me. I should like to look through and fancy myself starting
the year again.
January 29-1917:
My dear Mr. Smeeton
Your letter of January 5th has just been
brought into me. I read it at once and
hasten to write you. It is indeed good to
hear from the old boys. We think and talk
of you all constantly... The calendar for
which you ask is being mailed to you..
Christ Church, Oxford
March 7,1917
Dear Dr. Wesbrook:
Since you were so good as to recommend me for
an appointment to the Royal Flying Corps I thought you
might be interested in knowing a few particulars concerning the
course... We were lucky enough to be sent to Oxford and yet more lucky to be
quartered in Christ Church College where the accommodation is excellent. The
first two months are spent in a straight infantry course... the second two months
are devoted entirely to the theory of flying, the study of engines, training in the
use of machine guns and in the construction of aeroplanes...
March 17-1917:
My Dear Mr. Moore:
... I sincerely hope that the war may come to a conclusion before you people
are available for service. I know this is a wish which you will not endorse and
it may even seem unkind to you. There is noway by which we, at this remote
distance from the centre of activities, can get any proper basis for arriving
at conclusions. The news seems to be good at the present time when both
the British and French forces have been
so successful in driving the Germans
back. One cannot lightly get over the first
impressions of the war and to suspect that
the Germans are playing some kind of game
and have some surprise up their sleeves for
us, has become a matter of habit. Surely,
however, if they had anything worse, they
would have produced it ere this...
Sketch of soldier from
UBC's 1917 annual by I
H. Doyle, Science '20.
1 ., ■
■ 1
■ _» (   '    - ' I
Oct. 4.1917.
Dear Dr. Wesbrook:
... / have been in France, now, for seven
weeks, which does not seem long judging
by time by ordinary life, but seven weeks
in a scout squadron flying over the lines
every day entitles one to be considered
as an experienced pilot. I am flying
a French machine - Nieuport Scout -
and curiously enough it is the smallest machine
used while I am probably as big a man as any
flying today. I like the work very much indeed,
and the life is to say the least interesting. I can
imagine no game half as fascinating as flying
and especially is this so in a scout
squadron where seldom do we
do two jobs of the same nature in
succession. High flying, fourteen
to twenty thousand, low flying,
" ground strafing," fighting
and aerial reconnaissance,
we do it all...
•hia atde except
, 4»A-
Htrn-lxi'V *"
<■ JKtli
oaljr.      I
May 22/17
Dear Mr. Wesbrook-
No doubt you will be surprised
to hear from me, but knowing
that you always like to hear from
your "old boys" whether they be
in France or any other part of the
globe I am taking this opportunity
of writing to you...
... This war of wars still continues, but
I don't think it can last much longer. I think there is no doubt
that it is producing a big change in the human race. It is
changing the trend of thought. The world is tired of war
and those actually participating in it know how truly
General Shearman /sic/ spoke when he said war
was hell.
National disagreements can be and should be
settled by wise and fair arbitration, but it will be
some time yet before we shall be able to do without
armed navies...
Remember me to Mrs. Wesbrook and tell her
I hope to be able to dish up some more coffee
at UBC next year.
My dear Arthur:
... Our existence out here would be very tame
to you after all your experiences..
You are quite right in your remarks on world
changes which are now being evolved. I think
that even the most imaginative of us cannot
predict the full outcome of the present
crisis; in fact, no one of us will be able
to sayjust how much he himself will
be affected...
Gunner C. Beecher Weld
sent UBC some pics of the I
camp he stayed at in Roffey,
near Horsham in the UK.
Glack Hospital,
Upper Deal, Kent
Oct. 22/17
Dear Dr. Wesbrook -
I was wounded just a week
after I sent you that last
letter and after spending five weeks in France I was
brought over to Blighty and put in a military hospital at Heme Bay, Kent,
where I spent a comfortable three months. They thought I was going to be an R.I.P.
victim at one time but I upset their calculations and am doing fairly well now...
At the end of my convalescent period I will go before a medical board to be examined. I am hoping
for, but not expecting, my discharge. In any case I doubt whether I shall be fit for France again as my
wound is in the abdomen and still gives me a little trouble...
... Our boys have done well over there and have proved themselves men under the most trying
conditions. Shell fire shows a man up for what he really is and I have never seen any of them show
signs of fear or cowardice even under a very severe bombardment. We all long for peace, but of course
there is no use of considering it while Germany holds out for such terms as she has hinted at but not
definitely stated.
The peace that we want is one which will guarantee that no nation will ever have the presumption
to rise like Germany has and make a bid for world domination. At present there is no nation of any
importance which is not engaged in this war. If the representatives of these countries do not guarantee
peace for all times, this war will have been fought to no advantage. The thing to aim at in the future
is closer brotherhood between nations. I think that the great cause for present day conditions is man's
woeful lack of faith in his fellow man...
Nov. 23,1917
My dear Arthur:
... We were all very much exercised indeed over the news that you had been wounded, which came
just about ten days after I wrote you. From the information we got here we were so perturbed that I did
not know whether to write you again or not..
have been impressed not only with your letter but others I have received from our boys at the front,
with the evidence of rapid growth and development. You have all become serious-minded and are
thinking deeply about those things which are worthwhile. When you all come back and we can have
the combined force and outlook which this war has developed in you and we hope to a lesser degree
in ourselves, we shall be able to undo some of the mistakes we have made in the past and to lay some
plans for a stable and intelligently organized society which will give each one of us a good chance and
will lay special stress on team work. Surely we have drifted long enough and in the future we shall hope
to plan our development ratherthan blunder on... D
UBC Archives has recently completed digitization of UBC's Record of Service for the First World
War. View it here: library.ubc.ca/archives/pdfs/misc/record_of_service_WWI.pdf.
Read Frank Wesbrook's diary on Twitter: @Pres_FFWesbrook
Sometimes there was only time to tick a box and
send a "field card." This one was sent to UBC by
Lance Sergeant G. M. Kearne to let the students
know he'd received their Christmas parcel
Kearne was discharged in August 1918.
mi J,J.«;.*<*"U,,•
„ on M*,'1"**
sender oithw-
***** "?V?V*   «j»"V
Letters are from the President's
Office fonds. Access and scans were
provided courtesy University Archives.
/ <
.i/*:-  ■
■ I'm remembering for you the time I stood at the corner
of Broadway and Commercial and watched the future
pass before my eyes
This was a long while back, sometime during the
winter of 2001. The Royal Bank was gone by then, as
was the discount furniture place with its endless Fina
Offer!!! sales of brown naugahyde couches with chrome
armrests, rattan CD racks, and objects d'art such as
ceramic elephant-foot umbrella stands, as was Betty
Brite's - the cleaners where the disgruntled man, his
fingers slick with leftover take-out Thai, always insisted
there had been no belt with that dress, no top button
on that suede jacket, but because it was the only dry
cleaners within miles (which tells you what kind of
neighbourhood it used to be, a neighbourhood where
there was no great demand for dry-cleaned clothes)
had continued to take in the occasional desperate,
non-hand-washable item
In their place was the new SkyTrain construction site,
the security fence decorated with plywood cut into the
shapes of fish and birds and whatnots and hand painted
by primary-school children
had a soft spot for children then, not having any
myself. Optimistic children with their clever little
fingers holding brushes dripping with bright acrylics,
painting pink birds and blue fish and crooked houses
filled with hearts and giant eyes spiky with red lashes
Small children who meant no-one harm and whose
joyful cut-outs were defaced by malcontents who'd
decided progress was a disease curable via graffiti, that
the carving up of the Grand view Cut was like a cancer
of the prostate, a condition you could arrest if detected
in its early stages. Save the Cut, they'd spray-painted
across a purple heart in which sat a yellow cat. People
People ought to have licenses
to have children, this is something
I've always felt strongly about.
not Profit across my favourite cross-eyed salmon. You might have said that the people out
in New Westminster at the end of the Millennium Line were people too; people who needed
to get places. Most likely sorry, sad-eyed, earless people who couldn't afford to live in our
progressive neighbourhood with its varied vegan, transgendered, and medical marijuana
options. You could've said this. Although no-one did
This was the Yuletide season, but I might not have even noticed if it hadn't been for the
desultory Salvation Army Santa in her saggy outfit ringing her bell with the herky-jerky
movements of a Haldol user. She did not possess the preternatural pep of a volunteer, but
rather the glazed look of a conscript. Oh yes, and the squeegee people all wore Santa hats
was wondering about these hats - and how, if the squeegee men, as they all appeared to
be young men, had the wherewithal to locate the shops selling these seasonal items and the
money to spend on them, then why didn't they have the wherewithal to go find real jobs -
when I noticed the baby.
The baby in question was unexceptional in every way. This was not one of those infants
whose eyes brimmed with the wisdom of the ages, like a pygmy oracle of Delphi, or a baby
of such intense buttery deliciousness that you wondered why it hadn't already been spread
on a warm scone and gobbled up. It was a most forgettable baby except for the fact that it
had no hat on its head
As a registered nurse (on sabbatical at the time for a nervous condition
that does not bear getting into) I knew a thing or two about babies
One important thing about babies is that they have massive heads in
relation to the size of their bodies. The reason for this, as I learned from
Chatelaine magazine and not nursing school, is purely Darwinian. That
oversized head makes them look more appealing to the adult human and
in circumstances when it's all a mother can do to keep from throwing her
terrifying child from a i2th-floor tenement window, that disproportionate
head, with its uncannily large eyes, can actually save the child's life. (That
same article mentioned that a small-headed baby's chances of someday
passing on its genes are about equal to a chinless man's.) Call it the
Bobble-Head-Doll Effect. Celebrities are also known to have over-sized
heads. Angelina Jolie. Alec Baldwin. Jay Leno. Mulroney, pere et fils. They're
practically hydrocephalic
What I did learn in nursing school is that ninety percent of a baby's body
heat can be lost through its head
This mother was oblivious, though. She stood waiting for the lights
to change, bouncing up and down on her heels in some kind of sport
shoe, her calf muscles twitching. The stroller was a regular Humvee of
a thing, tricked out with shock absorbers and chrome bumpers. It was cold
enough to snow, which was unusual for Vancouver. I watched a particularly
fat flake land on the baby's forehead and melt down into its left eye. The
child blinked rapidly once, twice, and the drop continued downwards. The
mother didn't even notice. I could see steam rising from the baby's scalp as
heat molecules made their escape. A quick Google search will reveal these
to look alarmingly like pimento-stuffed green olives, which puts me in mind
of gin martinis, a road I do not want to go down
People ought to have licenses to have children, this is something I've
always felt strongly about
am telling you, I was this close to snatching that baby from its all-terrain
vehicle right in front of its overly fit and preening mother who probably
wouldn't have noticed until she was sipping her single-origin Rwandan
decaf-frappy-thing at JJ Bean. (This same coffee shop now offers something
called "public cupping" on Sunday afternoons, which as a former public
health professional I know is unrelated to the ancient Chinese practice of hot
cupping but most likely just as pointless.)
was already planning a better life for the baby. A life safe from the
harm wrought by adults tuned solely into their own overweening needs
Not knowing whether it was a girl or boy, I settled on the name Lee, which
I've always thought was a nice unisex name. Lee would be a quiet child,
not prone to extreme displays of emotion in either direction, a comfort in
his or her mother's later years when inconsiderate neighbours stomped in
and out at all hours tending to their hydroponic cash crop downstairs and
especially during the late-night police raids
considered the possibility that in Lee's heartbeat I might detect a faint
murmur, and accepted the fact that I would have to pray at Lee's hospita
bedside - trying to not think about the tube down my
child's throat, the vertical incision across its small chest
- as the wages for all my sins. Lee would get better and,
when older, somersault across the twilight lawn and
clamour, politely, for a pony or a motocross bike. Lee
would softly weep when we bury the cat and in a high,
clear voice recite a poem he (or she!) wrote
As I was reliving the trip Lee and "Ma" would take together to visit the
hedge mazes of England, the traffic lights changed and the mother reached
into her pocket, pulled out a pink fleece cap with piggy ears, and fit it snugly
over baby's head. That is how quickly dreams can be dashed
just thought you ought to know.
Vancouver writer Zsuzsi Gartner is the author of the bestselling story
collection All the Anxious Girls on Earth and editor of the award-winning
Darwin's Bastards: Astounding Tales from Tomorrow. Her short fiction
and journalism have been widely published and anthologized, most recently
in The Walrus, Harper's, and Maisonneuve, as well as broadcast on the
CBC and on NPR in the US. She was an adjunct faculty member of UBC's
Optional Residency MFA in Creative Writing from 2005 to 2012. Zsuzsi's
latest book, Better Living through Plastic Explosives, was a finalist for
the 2011 Scotiabank Giller Prize. Learn more at zsuzsigartner.com. Travel with alumni UBC
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Congratulations to Loren, B/A'53, MA'56, and Eileen, BHE'49, Calder. The couple, who met at UBC,
celebrated their 60th wedding anniversary at alumni UBC's Toronto International Film Festiva
event in September.      At the 2013 March of Dimes AGM, Doug Harvey-Smith, BASc'54, was
honoured with the Reverend Roy Essex Award. The award is given to a long-term volunteer
who has demonstrated a high degree of commitment and made an outstanding contribution
For the past 14 years Harvey-Smith has volunteered with (and is now chair of) the Ottawa
Chapter of DesignAbility - a group of March of Dimes volunteers who build unique devices
for persons with disabilities. ■  Following graduation, John Chrysochoos, MSc'62, PhD'64, joined
the faculty at the University of Toledo (Ohio), where he stayed from 1967-2004, with additiona
academic assignments at Bowling Green State University, the University of Western Ontario,
the University of Crete and the University of Patras. After retiring from the University of Toledo
(Ohio), Chrysochoos took up a past passion in his life - writing - and has published four books
The second edition of his first book, Beyond the Blue Ikarian Sea: Life in Greece and North America,
is now available. The autobiography is spiced with history, political and social science and
education from approximately 1939 to the present and includes chapters that feature life and
education in Vancouver and at UBC.      Mary Ross, BA'63, has co-authored, Leotard: The Story
of Jazz ballet Rodney, with fellow dancer Sally Faverot de Kerbrech. Leotard is a funny tale of
By the time most of us have been rudely awakened from a deep sleep by
the shriek of our alarm clock, orthe melodic- yet still annoying - chime
of our smartphone, triathlete Julie Miller, MSW'08, has been up for hours
and already completed a rigorous workout. And when most of us are
starting to wind down for the evening, Miller's back at it - venturing out for
a run, bike ride or swim. This is the sort of dedication and determination
that recently netted her a gold medal at the Long distance Triathlon World
Championships in Weihai, China, with a time of six hours 53 minutes and
one second.
Miller's demanding schedule as a mom, volunteer, business owner and
full-time therapist would leave most of us struggling to find time to squeeze
in a coffee break. She credits her student days for some of the required
discipline. "Being a rower at UBC definitely set me up well for early morning
workouts," she says. "It is actually when I thrive."
Next up for Miller is the 2015 International Triathlon Union (ITU) World
Championships in Sweden, at which she'll defend the podium, followed
by Ironman Whistler a month later. Miller's ultimate goal is to qualify for
triathlon's most iconic event - the Ironman World Championship in Kona,
Hawaii. "I missed Kona last year by less than a minute, so I feel I have some
unfinished business."
oyalty and friendship that recounts the escapades
of the authors as young dancers in an "avant garde"
European jazz ballet troupe in the 1960s. Ross is
currently working on an updated version of Frugal
Feasts - a recipe book for students and singles on
a tight budget. • Michael Overton, BSc'74, and his
wife Michele Menzies, BA'81, will spend the next
academic year working and travelling in Britain and
Europe. Overton will be on sabbatical from his faculty
position in computer science at New York University's
Courant Institute of Mathematical Sciences. Their
travel plans include: Edinburgh, Dubrovnik (Croatia),
Lausanne, Berlin, Paris, Toulouse and Limoges. They
have been brushing up on their French and hope to
return from sabbatical with greatly improved
fluency.      After running a successful IT business,
Madeleine Harris-Callway, PhD'y6, is now a full-time
author whose award-winning crime fiction short
stories have appeared in several magazines and
anthologies. Her debut novel, Windigo Fire tells the
story of a young Native Canadian caught up in an
illegal bear hunt and his struggle to survive the
wilderness and the criminals pursuing him. Under
different titles, the novel was short-listed for both the
Unhanged Arthur and the Debut Dagger awards for
best unpublished crime novel.      Andre Lafargue,
MSc'y6, received the 2014 Lifetime Achievement Award
from Speech-Language and Audiology Canada (SAC)
for his work in establishing and developing numerous
programs and initiatives that have left an indelible mark
on the association and the profession. He established the audiology and
speech-language pathology department at Grand Falls Regional Hospital,
was the first director of audiology and speech-language pathology at
the Dr. Everett Chalmers Regional Hospital in Fredericton, and served as
regional manager of audiology and speech-language pathology services
for River Valley Health. His lobbying and advocacy work has established
speech-language pathology and audiology positions in hospitals and
schools and ensured that all newborns in New Brunswick undergo
hearing screening at birth. Lafargue was also the driving force behind the
installation of approximately 5,000 sound-field systems in New Brunswick
classrooms. He has been a practicing clinician and an SAC member for
37 years.      Sheldon Smithens, BA'yy, has been active in the antiques and
fine art trade in Western Canada for more than 30 years. Smithens is an
auctioneer and certified appraiser who has donated his skills to a wide array
of charitable causes over his career, and has operated a successful retai
antiques establishment. For many years, he taught a continuing education
class at the University of Calgary called Antiques, Art & Auctions. Smithens
has appeared as an expert on The Canadian Antiques Roadshow and most
recently, he has been the co-host of the popular television show Canadian
Pickers. Smithens jokes he was spotted on campus recently attempting
to purchase several treasures in the Museum of Anthropology, and he
was surprised to learn that Campus Security still has an active file on him
dating back to the 1970s.      In May 2014, Lorraine Fader, BMus'yy, received
her Doctorate of Music in Horn Performance from Florida State University.
She is currently living in Tallahassee, teaching at Florida A & M University
and playing in a number of local orchestras.      Peggy Fisher, MA'8o, along
with her husband, John Fisher, was named Entrepreneur of the Year by
Memorial University in St. John's, Newfoundland and Labrador, for their
establishment Fishers' Loft. The couple opened Fishers' Loft as a four-room
B&B in 1997. Today, it is a 33-room inn, restaurant, conference centre and
This year, a whopping 20,000 pounds of fruit - the equivalent of an adult
elephant, tractor, or mobile home - that would have otherwise been left
to drop and rot on the ground, was harvested by the Okanagan Fruit Tree
Project and donated to charitable community groups in the Okanagan.
art gallery. In 2013, The Fishers also received the Patron of the Arts
Award from the Newfoundland and Labrador Arts Council for their
work.      Suzanne Windsor-Liscombe, BMus'8o, Dip(Ed)'gi, MEd'92, EdD'14
(nee Dittrich) was thrilled to receive her doctorate in educational policy
and leadership on May 22, 2014. The occasion was particularly memorable
because her son, Owen, BA'14, received his degree in history on the same
day.      In addition to receiving the 2014 UBC Alumni Teaching Award,
Scott Ormiston, BEd'82, recently received a Prime Minister's Certificate
of Achievement. Ormiston believes critical thinking, goal setting, and
working with others are necessary tools for lifetime learning and becoming
a socially responsible citizen. He encourages these skills in his students
by providing specialized study sessions to build their confidence, using
a "Brag Board" to highlight achievements, and guiding students as they
start projects that generate money for the school community. ■ Eileen
Hoeter, BA'82, MFA'88, has been keeping busy building a B&B in Mexico near
Barra de Navidad. The Villa Star of the Sea is set to open this winter. ■
After 25 years working as a freelance journalist in BC and NS, Marjorie
Simmins, BA'84, has published her first book, Coastal Lives: a Memoir
The book tells the story of the evolving love affair between Simmins on
the Pacific coast and fellow writer Silver Donald Cameron on the Atlantic
coast with humour and candour. At its heart, Coastal Lives is a celebration
of all things East Coast and all things West Coast.      Paige Larson, BPE'84,
President and CEO, North Shore Sports Medicine, was awarded the
AIR MILES Reward Program Social Impact Small Business Achievement
award at a ceremony held at the Toronto Board of Trade in February. ■
In 1986, after 12 years living in Canada, Michelle Painter, BA'85, returned
to her home country of Australia, where she studied la wand has worked
as a solicitor and a barrister. In October 2013, Painter, who specializes
in commercial law, was appointed a senior counsel for the State of New
South Wales. She is also the chair of the Women Barristers Forum NSW
It's an accomplishment that the organization's founder and president
Casey Hamilton, BSc'oy, is proud of.
When Hamilton moved to Kelowna, she was dismayed by the amount
of fruit wasted each year by residents with backyard fruit trees who didn't
harvest all of the fruit, either because they were unable to or chose not to.
As a registered dietician, she saw an opportunity to stop the waste and help
her community.
Today, the Okanagan Fruit Tree Project's premise is simple, yet
resourceful: volunteers harvest extra fruit from the trees, donate it to
charitable community groups, and share a portion among the tree owners
and volunteers. The initiative provides access to fresh, healthy food for
people who can't afford it. This year, more than 300 volunteers have picked
cherries, apricots, peaches, pears, plums, apples and grapes and distributed
them to approximately 25 organizations across the Central Okanagan.
In addition to operating this non-profit organization, Hamilton is
pursuing her master's degree in urban agriculture policy at the UBC
Okanagan campus, where she's the campus health research coordinator.
In recognition of her work, Hamilton was recently awarded top honour
in the Environmental Leader category of the Kelowna Capital News
2014 Community Leader Awards, and nominated as one of Kelowna's
Top 40 Under 40. For more information, visit fruittreeproject.com. class acts
and works to improve the participation and retention of women barristers
at the NSW Bar.       Georgia Hunter, BEd'8y, has produced an audio book
from her novel Yubi and the Blue-tailed Rat, narrated by Judith Leech
Sound effects/music were recorded in Big World Sound (Rukkus House)
by Doug Paterson. Hunter was also recently featured in a podcast with
award-winning author Alexandra Amor.      The Montana Pharmacy
Association selected Dr. Mark Donaldson, BSc'go, as the recipient
of Montana's 2014 Bowl of Hygeia Award for outstanding community
service. The award is sponsored by the American Pharmacists Association
Foundation and the National Alliance of State Pharmacy Associations. As
an internationally recognized symbol for pharmacy, the Bowl of Hygeia is
one of the profession's most prestigious awards, recognizing pharmacists
who possess outstanding records of civic leadership in their communities
■ Arthur Wolak, BA'go, Dip(AHist)'g4, and his wife, Dr. Anna Wolak are
pleased to announce the birth of their son, Joshua, born on June 6, 2014
Joshua is a brother for Jacob, who is very pleased to have a younger sibling
The same month, Arthur Wolak's book, The Development of Managerial
Culture: a Comparative Study of Australia and Canada, was accepted for a fall
publication release.      Fine arts theatre grad, Barbara Philip, BFA'go, made
a name for herself in the international world of wine when she became
Canada's first female Master of Wine in 2008. Today, Philip is living the
dream as a portfolio manager for the BC Liquor Distribution Branch,
travelling to Europe several times a year to select wines for BC Liquor
Stores. She is also the wine columnist on CBC Radio's On the Coast,
a regular contributor to Taste Magazine and a guest instructor for the
Wine and Spirit Education Trust Diploma program at the Art Institute
of Vancouver. ■  In April, Anthony Maretic, BCom'93, and his executive
colleagues rang the opening bell at the NYSE. The team was in New York
to celebrate the Initial Public Offering of Vancouver-based entity City
Office REIT. ■ Sue Sorensen, MA'93, PhD'gg, has released her latest book,
The Collar: Reading Christian Ministry in Fiction, Television, and Film. The book
is a study of the many ways (heroic or comic, shrewd or dastardly) Christian
eaders have been represented on page and screen. Sorensen teaches in
Winnipeg in the Department of English at Canadian Mennonite University.
Her previous book, a Large Harmonium, won the Best First Book prize at the
Manitoba Book Awards in 2012.      Gudrun Honig, BA'gy, has published her
second book Getting to know you, getting to know all about you which follows,
My Journey to the New World.      Greg Bauder, BA'98, has released a new
novella, Spilt Coffee, based on his 37-year struggle with schizoaffective
disorder. The book tells the story of three aging schizoaffective men who are
lost and disillusioned and live vicariously for the love of the beautiful young
Filipino nurse who looks after them. Bauder's work has been published in
several Canadian literary magazines including The Existere, Vallum and Quills
Poetry. • James D. Kondopulos, BCom'oo, LLB'03, was named by his peers to
the 2015 Best Lawyers in Canada list.      The University of Alberta recently
awarded Dr. Diane Orihel, BSc'oo, with a 2014 Alumni Horizon Award, which
recognizes the outstanding achievements of its alumni early in their careers
Orihel is an outspoken defender of freshwater science and evidence-based
science policy. ■ Congratulations to Bev Sellars, LLB'01, whose book, They
Called Me Number One, was awarded the Burt Award for First Nations, Metis
and Inuit Literature third prize at a gala held in Winnipeg in September.
As a result, 2,500 copies of her book will be distributed to Aboriginal youth
across Canada.      Doretta Lau, BFA'01, BA'03, has been named as one of
CBC Books 2014 Writers to Watch. In September, her short story collection,
How Does a Single Blade of Grass Thank the Sun?, was shortlisted for the City
of Vancouver Book Award.      This summer, Kimberley Nelson Janke, BSc'02,
studied sustainable approaches to human-wildlife coexistence at the Maasai
Mara National Reserve in the South Rift Valley of Kenya. Kimberley, a senior
mammal keeper at the San Diego Zoo Safari Park took the graduate course
in pursuit of her master's degree from Miami University's Global Field
Program.      Jenn Neilson, BA'03, MA'06, has started a kids' clothing company
called Jill and Jack Kids to inspire the next generation of leaders to think
When Christy Campbell, BSc'g6, had a stroke in 2005, she lost her ability
to speak and was left with one word: "yes." Aged just 31, Campbell was
diagnosed with aphasia - a neurological disorderthat impairs a person's
ability to comprehend and express language. While Campbell could
understand what her friends were saying, she could not participate in
the conversations.
Rather than be silenced by aphasia, Campbell worked tirelessly to
regain her speech and find new purpose in life. In 2010, she partnered with
Dr. Barbara Purves, MSc'76, PhD'06, associate professor in UBC's School of
Audiology and Speech Sciences and co-founded the Sea to Sky Aphasia
Camp. The camp's recreational activities help people with aphasia learn
new ways to connect with one another in an environment adapted to their
unique physical and communication needs. It also provides opportunities
for UBC's occupational, physical and recreational therapy students to
work alongside medical and speech-language therapy students.
Today Campbell's struggle to communicate isn't conspicuous, thanks
to the speech-language pathologists who were not only instrumental
in her recovery, but also encouraged her to become an advocate.
"Christy's advocacy in support of people with communication disorders
has been crucial to raising awareness about aphasia and speech-language
pathologists," says Dr. Valter Ciocca, director of UBC's School of
Audiology and Speech Sciences.
In September 2014, the BC Government announced a multi-million dollar
investment in UBC's Speech-Language Pathology program - increasing
the number of spaces by 56 per
cent by 2016. "It is people like
Christy, and her husband, Seal
Standing, who should take
credit for the government's
decision," said Ciocca. In
honour of Campbell and Purves,
UBC recently established The
Campbell-Purves Aphasia
Education Fund to support aphasia
education and increase aware
For more information on the
Sea to Sky Aphasia Camp visit
iristy Campt
:sing awareness a.
nmunications disorders.
Russ Patrick, BA'6y, lives in California but recently received I
a reminder about his UBC roots. "Thirty-seven million people
live in California," he says. "There's almost that many motor I
vehicles, I suspect, and I get a "UBC" plate in the mail!" ■
beyond pink and blue. The gender neutral clothes promote gender
equality and help to prevent bullying by eliminating harmful gender
stereotypes.      Brian Hall, BA'04, has salvaged, reclaimed and upcycled the
gymnasium floors from the now demolished Kelowna Secondary School
The 1,600 square feet of flooring, originally destined for landfill, will be
installed in Hall's house in the Guischigan area.      Julia Boyle, BA'oy, was
recently recruited by the United Nations Volunteer Programme to serve as
the Women's Protection Advisor for the United Nations Multidimensiona
ntegrated Stabilization Mission in Mali and is very excited about this new
adventure and the opportunity to serve the international community. Mali
will be Boyle's ninth country of residence in the past 10 years after Uganda,
New Zealand, Ghana, South Korea, Sweden, Liberia, Botswana, and Canada
Boyle will develop a training manual on sexual and gender-based violence
in conflict and train the military, police and civil society actors to better
protect women and children, and better respond to cases of abuse. ■
Attorney Sonja Beddow, BA'08, has joined the Collections Department at
Messerli & Kramer. Beddow received her juris doctorate, summa cum laude,
from the Hamline University School of Law. While completing her degree,
Beddow was a managing editor for the Law Review, acted as the program
chair for the Hamline Women's Legal Caucus and received a Best Oralist
Award in the Philip C. Jessup International Law Moot Court. She is
a volunteer attorney for Wills for Heroes, where she assists first responders
with estate planning. ■ Trevor Marc Hughes, BEd'ri, has published his book,
Nearly 40 on they]: triumph and trepidation on the Stewart-Cassiar Highway,
which recounts his August 2012 exploration on his motorcycle of a remote
part of British Columbia along Highway 37. During the journey Hughes made
new friends, fought old challenges, and searched to have an authentic trave
experience in his home province.      Dr. Cindy Holmes, PhD'13, was awarded
a three-year postdoctoral fellowship from the Michael Smith Foundation for
Health Research, as well as a CIHR-funded IMPART Postdoctoral Fellowship,
in the Centre for the Study of Gender, Social Inequities and Mental Health,
in the Faculty of Health Sciences at Simon Fraser University.      At the 2014
Toronto International Film Festival, the following eight films featured the
work of UBC alumni: Monsoon, directed by Sturla Gunnarsson, B/A'74;
Trick or Treaty, directed by Alanis Obomsawin, LLD'10; Bang Bang Baby -
co-produced by Sidney Chiu, BA'02; Wetbum - produced by Lauren Grant,
BA'04; Editors - executive producer Andria Spring, BA'05; Songs She Wrote
About People She Knows - produced by Amy Belling, BA'03; Teen Lust -
cinematographer, James Liston, BA'gg, and editor Mark Shearer, DFST'g8;
Preggoland - production designed by Caitlin Byrnes, BEA'r3. D
What have you been up to lately? Send your news to
trek.magazine@ubc.ca or to the address on page 3. Have photographic
evidence? Mail us original photos or email high resolution scans
(preferably 300dpi). Please note that Trek is also published online.
It was the opportunity of a lifetime and Stephanie Van Dyk,
BSc'13, seized it. The recently launched and highly anticipated
ObamaCare website had been plagued with problems from day
one. It crashed on launch day, and several times thereafter,
and when millions of Americans attempted to sign up they
encountered endless technical glitches. The US government
needed the best-of-the-best to fix it. Fast.
Software engineers, developers, designers and analysts from
companies such as Facebook and Google, where Van Dyk is
a site reliability engineer, were hastily recruited. As one of them,
Van Dyk worked 12-16 hour days, travelling between Washington,
DC, and Columbia, Maryland, as part of the "tech surge" team
responsible for stabilizing the website. Van Dyk took unpaid leave
from her job because she believed in the mission. "For me, this
was all about actually bringing health care to the US, which I view
as a great social responsibility," she says.
The Obama administration's target of seven million enrollments
by March 31, 2014, seemed implausible after the disastrous launch.
However, within a few months the elite team of experts had the
website functioning and by April, the government had exceeded
its goal with eight million enrollments. Every team member was
personally thanked for their role by President Obama at a reception
held in the White House.
Stephanie Van Dyk was
thanked by Barak Obama.
Photo: Andrew Widdowson The Elusive Mr. Pond: The Soldier,
Fur Trader and Explorer Who
Opened the Northwest
By Barry Gough, BEd'62
Douglas & Mclntyre
230 pages
M'k\ 1'(>\ i>
Peter Pond is a ghost to history. Alexander Mackenzie,
the Scottish explorer who mapped the river that
bears his name, is not. But Pond's maps of the
Canadian northwest and his understanding of the Athabasca waterways, as
well as the First Nations who lived there, contributed to the success not only
of Mackenzie but arguably the explorers Lewis and Clark. Yet no portrait of
Pond survives. In The Elusive Mr. Pond: The Soldier, Fur Trader and Explorer Who
Opened the Northwest historian Barry Gough fills in the blank spaces. Gough
shows that an inflammatory personality, a lack of education and the whims of
fate placed Pond on the margins despite his substantial contributions to history.
Pond opened up the northwest. He was a founding partner in the Hudson Bay
Company's fur-trading rival, the North West Company, and his maps led to the
discovery of the route to the Pacific. He was also implicated in two murders.
Pond was born in 1739 to a Puritan shoemaker in Milford, Connecticut. His life,
says Gough, follows the rise and fall of the First British Empire -a time of national
ambitions and imperial rivalries to increase geographical knowledge and expand
trade routes. Pond fought under General Amherst when the British defeated
the French at Montreal in 1760. He was one of the original members of the
now infamous Beaver Club, a club for gentlemen who had endured the savage
dangers of the Canadian fur trade. And he witnessed firsthand the smallpox
epidemic that wiped out many Native peoples.
The Elusive Mr. Pond tells the story of a pivotal figure lost to history but also tells
the story of the destruction of land and people in pursuit of profit. In 1778, his first
year trading, Pond amassed 100,000 beaver pelts. By the end of the twentieth
century, the beaver had been trapped to near extinction. In his memoirs, Pond
describes a prairie landscape teeming with buffalo, Lake Winnipeg full of
pelicans, First Nations tribes that were plentiful and powerful. Pond's story is
a reminder that even those invisible to history have an impact on the future
Closing Time: Prohibition, Rum
Runners, and Border Wars
By Daniel Francis, BA'69
Douglas & Mclntyre
186 pages
Closing Time
If the connection between prohibition and the
war on drugs is not immediately apparent,
then you should read Daniel Francis' book
Closing Time: Prohibition, Rum Runners, and
Border Wars. Peopled with exciting characters and rife with engaging anecdotes,
the thoroughly researched book (which includes more than 200 images)
illustrates how difficult it was for the Canadian provincial and federa
governments to enforce a law that nobody wanted to obey.
Prohibition had been an issue since 1864, when the Canada Temperance Act
prohibited the retail sale of alcohol - but only if supported by a majority vote
It was not until 1918 that all provinces, with the exception of Quebec, enacted
prohibition under the War Measures Act. Prohibition banned the manufacture
and importation of alcohol, but each province had different terms. As a result,
there was an opportunity to make a handsome profit through interprovincial
trade and export to the United States, where alcohol was banned from 1920 to
1933. Closing Time shows that attempts to restrict alcohol created syndicates
of crime and violence. What started as an attempt to control the social habits
of ordinary Canadians had unexpected effects. In Francis'words: "Criminals
became folk heroes; ordinary people became criminals."
Doctors and pharmacists became bootleggers, a term derived from smuggling
bottles of alcohol in boot tops. Farmers built illegal stills. Fishermen used
their boats to smuggle liquor into the United States. Brewers marketed their
beverages as healthy fruit tonics. In the 1920s, liquor tourists from the United
States travelled north to participate in nightlife "fuelled by liquor and driven by
new music." By the end of that decade, liquor tourists from the States spent an
estimated $30oM in Canada
Violence resulting from policing prohibition gradually turned the public
against the law. In one case, police shot at a boat pulling out of a dock near
Toronto, killing one bootlegger and wounding another. When the case went to
court, the judge ruled that no officer could use firearms to enforce the Ontario
Temperance Act. Essentially, the solution was proving worse than the problem
Francis argues that this remains true today: the prohibition of recreational drugs,
such as marijuana, is an opportunity for larceny, profit and violence
Naked in Academe: 50 Years
of Creative Writing at UBC
Edited by Rhea Tregebov
McClelland & Stewart
400 pages
"There is a moment of impact that is the last instant
of things as they are." This is the second last sentence
of an excerpt from Steven Galloway's award-winning
novel The Cellist. It is reprinted in an anthology
celebrating fifty years of creative writing at UBC. There are almost 50 pieces
in Naked in Academe, including short stories, poetry, film scripts and narrative
essays. Each carries as much wallop as the last.
"Sheets of rain splatter on the water like frying bacon" in Eden Robinson's
essay "The Octopus Beds" in which the Haisla author describes her home at
the head of the Douglas Channel. In Laisha Rosnau's poetry, we "are gutted
by splendor". In Bill Gaston's story about a woman who discovers sex is killing
her, we discover "The sweetness of long-lost. That lovely glue." In other pieces,
characters come unglued. Lee Henderson's story of a man set adrift on a glacia
shelf explores the conflict between man and nature but, in the end, the conflict
is with society. A magazine intern in New York has imaginary conversations with
Joan Didion. A Jewish man "raised with the paranoia of extinction" imagines the
cosmos inside him after taking a hit of acid and realizes that all the world's pain
and suffering is an illusion
Naked in academe was the name of UBC's first-ever creative writing course,
taught by poet Earle Birney. Writer Jack Hodgson's narrative essay, "Postscript
from a prehistoric", recalls Birney's fiction class as a place where: "We asked. We
earned. We tried again." That single course, which started
in 1946, grew into an entire department by 1963
Editor Rhea Tregebov had a wealth of solid writing to
draw upon. Naked in Academe is at once fresh and modern,
and includes some literary luminaries yet to enter the
limelight, as well as writers like Giller prize-winner Steven
Galloway and poet George McWhirter, a life member of the
league of Canadian poets. Naked in Academe represents the
diversity and strength of the UBC writing program. It is an
excellent read
QD    S
By Andrea Bennett, MFA'u
Nightwood Editions
73 pages
It is hard to believe that certain
words, like canoodler, are real but
according to the Merriam Webster
Dictionary, a canoodler is a person
who shows affection in public
places. Andrea Bennett's poetry collection, Canoodlers,
is a public display of all that makes one raw: love, sex,
friendship and family. Her choice of a relatively unknown
and absurdly silly sounding word as the title points to the
wit and intelligence layered in these 73 pages
The title-poem comes halfway through. Two canoodlers
sit nose-to-nose in a restaurant booth at Buffalo Bill's in
Whistler. The poem is presented as a first-person account,
as are many of the book's pieces. Bennett tells this story
about the canoodlers at Buffalo Bill's to her friend, who
replies: Oh no, nothing can be named that after you've
seen Silence of the Lambs. Pop-cultural references - like
this one about the fictional serial killer Jame Gumb,
nicknamed Buffalo Bill in the book Silence of the Lambs -
are peppered throughout. Few are explained. Most are laid
out as a reminder of what fills the empty spaces between
noses in restaurant booths, between friends on road trips,
between family members at Thanksgiving dinners. Family
members make regular appearances with the exception of
Bennett's brother, who has flown her home more than once
in exchange for a promise she would never write about him
Her father starts the collection in the Epigraph, her Nana
appears many times, as does her stepfather and mother.
In a poem called "There's a Story", a 12-year-old Bennett
crosses her mother by mistakenly comparing her with a girl
in too-short cut-offs. In "There's another story", Bennett's
mother drinks at the Air Force Club and refuses to let
Bennett drive her home. By page 37, Bennett's mother
de-friends her on Facebook.
Bennett gropes and mauls, pokes and prods, until
she uncovers much of her life - but it isn't an idle exercise
in self-reflection. Bennett pulls the universal out of her
personal tales. Her writing is incisive, her humour hilarious,
her poetic sensibility solid. D
a place of mind
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What is UBC
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with a minimum band score of 5.0 in Speaking
and Listening and 5.5. in Reading and Writing
alternatively, successfully completed ELS
EAP112, which will satisfy the English Language
Admission requirements for entry to UBC Vantage
College. In this case, the TOEFL and IELTS
requirements outlined above will be waived.
o  o
Your starting point.
Your degree.
Your future.
Orchard Commons is
our new LEED-certified
building, coming fall 2016
For information regarding
admissions, and further details
about our program, please visit
t. 604.827.0337
e. apply@vantagecollege.ubc
The Thunderbirds football team kicked off its season by scoring a major
win with fans, drawing 4,245 of them to a sun-drenched David Sidoo
Field at Thunderbird Stadium for the September 13 Canada West home
opener against the league-leading Calgary Dinos. The largest crowd to
attend a game at UBC in recent memory included alumni of all ages and
a healthy contingent of students, several hundred of whom assembled at
Martha Piper Plaza to take part in "The Great Trek" to the stadium plaza,
where a street party was held to jump-start football's 90th season
"Our staff teamed up with colleagues from alumni UBC and produced
fantastic results, with huge attendance and a superbly run event," says
Ashley Howard, UBC's managing director of Athletics and Recreation
"Calgary obviously has an extraordinary team this year, so the result
wasn't what we hoped for, but we proved that people can get excited
about Thunderbird events, including students and alumni."
Attendees included newly installed President and Vice-Chancellor,
Arvind Gupta, who talked with throngs of students and participated in
selfies with many of them throughout the afternoon. Thunderbird alumnus
extraordinaire and recently appointed UBC governor David Sidoo joined
other former team members from the 1950s right up to last season. Also
in attendance was Sidoo's former coach, the ever-iconic Frank Smith,
who at 81 still appears more than fit enough to command troops from
the sidelines
The impressive physical growth on the Point Grey campus includes new capital projects
undertaken by UBC Athletics and Recreation and various partners, including work recently
begun on the new National Soccer Development Centre at Thunderbird Park. The result of
a $2iM partnership announced in 2012 between the university, the provincial government
and the Vancouver Whitecaps Football Club, the centre includes four new fields scheduled
for completion in 2015, complemented by a 35,000-square-foot field house to follow by the
end of 2016
Meanwhile, the area north of War Memorial Gym will soon be home to a new
state-of-the-art Aquatic Centre that will service the needs of varsity swim teams,
students and the broader UBC community. With completion scheduled for 2016, the
facility is a $4oM project, with a little over two-thirds of the funding provided by UBC
Properties Trust. "We are responsible for about 30 per cent of the costs so naturally
this has become a major thrust in our current development efforts, but a very important
one," says Howard, adding that Athletics and Recreation is also proceeding with plans
for a new baseball training facility in Thunderbird Park, thanks to a generous donor gift
"I would like to make a reservation for 1,200 for breakfast, please." Ever since he became
director of Development for UBC Athletics and Recreation, Steve Tuckwood has called
the Vancouver Convention Centre every year with pretty much the same request
The Millennium Scholarship Breakfast started in 1999 to create scholarship endowments
for UBC varsity athletes, and to date has raised more than $ioM. One of the keys to
its success has been matching funds provided by the University, which has effectively
doubled the net proceeds from ticket sales. With ZLC Financial Group recently signing
on as title sponsor, and Tuckwood close to confirming a speaker with ties to the 2015 FIFA
Women's World Cup, it's full speed ahead for the 15th annual breakfast on February 24
Looking further ahead, UBC Athletics and Recreation staff and a team of eager
student and alumni volunteers will soon be making plans to host the 2016 CIS Fina
Eight Men's Basketball Championships. "It will be the first time in over 30 years the
Championship has been held in Western Canada," said director of Athletics, Operations
and Student-Athlete Services Theresa Hanson, who tabled the successful bid to host the
three-day Canadian version of March Madness. Interestingly, the last time UBC hosted the
national championships was 1972, when the late Peter Mullins coached his UBC charges
to a crowning finish. Led by a 43-point performance by graduating senior Ron Thorsen,
the only UBC player ever to be drafted into the NBA, the Thunderbirds dispatched the
University of Windsor Lancers 117-84 in the tournament final
Image courtesy of Acton Ostry Architects
and MacLennan Jaunkalns Miller Architects
New UBC Aquatics Centre
VoiHOBttr Ccrrpes I Gocc Suulti Pudlict
During UBC Swimming's "Decade of Dominance"
from 1998 to 2007, the men's and women's teams
both captured 10 consecutive CIS crowns. The 2015
Big Block Club Awards and Sports Hall of Fame Dinner
will feature a tribute to all UBC varsity swimmers of
this period in what will be the largest-ever induction in
the Team category, involving some 125 team members.
Olympians Brian Johns and Kelly Stefanyshyn, who
lead all UBC swimmers in CIS career medal count
with 34 and 31 respectively, will also be inducted in the
Athlete category. But the loudest ovation of the evening
may be reserved for Tom Johnson, the founder and
architect of the modern UBC swim program, who is
being honoured in the Builder category. The Montreal
native took over from Jack Kelso as UBC swim coach
almost 25 years ago. A veteran Olympics team coach,
Johnson produced countless international competitors
and synchronized the resources of UBC's program with
the famed Pacific Dolphins to form a revered national
swim centre at UBC in 1998. The Sports Hall of Fame
tribute will take place almost 50 years to the day after
Jack Pomfret's 1964-65 men's swim team won UBC's That's a sweeping statement, but an accurate one -
and something that should make every UBC fan proud
Our Thunderbird teams have won a total of 91 Canadian
nteruniversity Sport Championships - three in the
last year alone - and that's the best record of any
university in the country. In the last academic year the
Thunderbirds also won four conference titles, produced
three CIS Players of the Year, and celebrated nine
Coaches of the Year.
Beyond varsity, UBC Athletics also benefits the
rest of the student body. At UBC Vancouver, more
than 23,000 students participated in a program or
intramural sport last year, and 29,000 students, alumni
and other community members turned out to cheer
at Thunderbird games. In Kelowna, the UBC Okanagan
Heat has emerged as a competitive new UBC presence
YOUR NEXT STEP: Becoming a Leader
January 28,2015
There's no single path to becoming a successful leader.
Although hard work and foresight are important traits,
it sometimes comes down to being the right person
at the right time. But there are concrete steps you can
take to ensure that when opportunity knocks, you're
ready to answer. Join us for The Next Step: Becoming
a Leader, where business and community leaders will
offer insight on how they got where they are. They'll
share key pieces of advice from their own journeys as
well as tips on how to get your foot in the door, find
a mentor, and develop your leadership skills. If you're
looking for inspiration and guidance on how to join
the leadership ranks and advance your career, this
is your opportunity to learn from some of the Lower
Mainland's successful leaders.
on the national scene, with remarkable successes as full members of CIS Canada West
and tremendous engagement with the community.
Athletics are a rich part of UBC's history and crucial to its future success. The annua
UBC Millennium Breakfast in Vancouver and UBC Okanagan Athletics Scholarship Breakfast
in Kelowna have raised $nM to date, and created generous endowments in support of
student-athletes on both campuses
The graduation rates, the number of wins, the level of community spirit, the amount
of support - all these are important markers of the program's success, but my favourite
marker is the 164 Academic All-Canadians produced on both campuses of UBC last year -
student-athletes who achieve an academic standing of 80 per cent or better while playing
on a varsity team
This accomplishment illustrates what I value most about university athletics - people
pursuing their passion with such gusto, and with such a degree of mentorship and support,
that they can achieve otherwise unimaginable results
When UBC champions take to the podium, they celebrate more than a win. They
embody the quality of our programs and inspire their peers to workthat much harder. They
demonstrate that being accepted to UBC is the first step on a continual path to improvement
UBC Athletics has been forging its own way along that path. Having conducted a major
consultation and review in Vancouver in the past year, we are now in the process of
implementing the recommendations
To this end, I am committed to doing everything I can to support and promote UBC Athletics
in Vancouver and in Kelowna. It will include helping to develop partnerships with the private
sector, donors, and sports organizations. It will mean promoting innovation and ensuring access
to the equipment, lab space, facilities and training that will support excellence. Throughout,
the implementation process will be inclusive and responsive, leveraging lessons learned and
affording all stakeholders a voice
As we look to the future, it's interesting to recall the best of our past, including the origin
of the UBC Vancouver totem. In the Kwakwaka'wakw tradition, the Thunderbird is a creature
so powerful that its wing beats cause the thunder and stir the wind. For UBC, it is also a symbo
of reconciliation. The first Thunderbird pole - Victory through Honour - was presented
to UBC by the Kwakwaka'wakw carver Ellen Neel and Chief William Scow at a homecoming
game in 1948. Recognizing that UBC had been using the totem since 1934, the Kwakwaka'wakw
reached out with the hand of friendship and presented the pole as a kind of blessing
It is our ongoing challenge to do justice to that honour as we celebrate a century of tradition
and firm the foundation for the next hundred years. D
Trends vs Terroir: What should drive a winery's decisions?
January 30,2015
Wine drinkers, like all consumers, have clear and ever-changing preferences. As some
grape varieties and styles come into fashion, others become less popular. So where does
this leave wineries? Viniculture requires long-term commitment to grape varieties, making
it difficult for wineries to follow these trends. At the same time, some would argue that it
serves everyone's best interests for wineries to follow their winemaking instincts, planting
the most suitable grapes for their particular terroir.
Join us for The Grape Debate, where our panel of wine experts will debate whether
BC wineries should follow trends or focus on terroir. Following the program, sip your
way through some of the finest BC VQA wines and cast your vote on the debate!
When you choose TD Insurance Meloche Monnex, we are able to provide financial and
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At TD Insurance, we recognize all the time and
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That's why, as an alumni UBC member, you have access
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offers preferred group rates and various additional
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Due to provincial legislation, our auto insurance program is not offered in British Columbia, Manitoba or Saskatchewan.
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Faculty of Business and Economics
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in partnership with Q
London Business School
Columbia Business School
AC < Jtf Ol T f C
Worldwide Recognition
The Economist
2014 Full-time MBA Ranking
No. 27 in the world and No. 1 in Asia
for the 5th consecutive year
Return on Investment (ROI) of Full-time MBA
programmes 2013
No. 3 in the world
Financial Times
Global MBA Ranking 2014
No. 29 in the world
International Course Experience Rank
No. 4 in the world
QS World University Rankings® 2014/15
HKU is ranked No. 28 in the world
2015 Admissions Open
www.mba.hku.hk TAPESTR
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'Tunny how looking good makes
me feel good too."
Retirement Communities, we do everything we can to
make sure you always look and feel your best. Whether it's a
customized fitness program, pampering yourself in our salon or
enjoying the company of interesting people like yourself, Tapestry
provides the resources and support to help you do it.
Call us today and see what kind of m
individualized programs we can offer to help
keep your body, mind and spirit healthy,
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Tapestry at Wesbrook Village
3338 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver BC
John was born on April 18,1921, in Princeton to Henry and Mary Tiedje and
died on July 18, 2013, in Sarnia, ON. John spent most of his youth in Trail,
BC, where his father worked at the Cominco smelter. John was president of
the UBC Varsity Outdoor Club and in 1945 joined the research department
of Imperial Oil Ltd. in Sarnia. He is an inventor or co-inventor on 24 patents
From 1969-71 he was on loan to ESSO France, in Rouen, as Directeur des
Recherches, later returning to Sarnia to become manager of the Imperial Oil
Research Department with more than 400 employees. He retired in 1984
John was active in the affairs of the World Petroleum Congress, serving from
1979-83 as chairman of the Canadian National Committee and participating
in the international organization from 1983-87 as a member of the Scientific
Program Committee, the Executive Board and the Permanent Council. In
2007 he was awarded Honorary Associate Life Membership in the Canadian
Association for the World Petroleum Council. On many early summer
holidays he drove with his family to a cabin at Christina Lake. Later, he and
his wife Dorothy sailed on Lake Huron and went for hikes with the Field
Botanists of Ontario - John was an accomplished wildflower photographer.
He is predeceased by his daughter, Ellen, and son-in-law Harry, and his
sister, Patricia. He is survived by his sister, Marian; his son, Tom (Glenna);
daughter, Jane (Steve); son, Henry (Dina); five grandchildren; and his wife
of 65 years, Dorothy.
Frances Blackmore Sparzani was born in 1923 in Toronto, the only child
of the late Frank and Mona Lee. Her family moved to Vancouver, where
Frances attended Prince of Wales High School and Havergal College
before entering UBC. At UBC, Blackie was a key member of the Players
Club, performing in a number of plays and serving on the club's Executive
Committee, and was a member of Delta Gamma sorority. Following
graduation, she pursued her love of travel by working for firms that offered
free trips as a perk. In 1951 she was married in The Little Church Around
the Corner in New York City to Aldo Sparzani, an executive with the
nternational Telephone and Telegraph (ITT) company. Subsequent postings
with ITT included Miami, Havana, Caracas, Panama City, and Quito and
their travels included virtually every country in South America. There was
also an offshore posting to Manila and finally a home posting to Seattle
Blackie had always immersed herself in the local cultures - in Seattle she
established a successful import business featuring Latin American crafts
Upon retirement, she and Al settled in St. Petersburg, FL, and polished their
fluency in the Spanish language at nearby Eckerd College, first as adult
students and then as mentors and supporters of its Spanish department
They were returning from a function at the latter in the spring of 2013 when
they were the victims of a traffic accident. Aldo was seriously injured and
Blackie entered a coma lasting six months from which she never recovered
Betty Jane Margaret Warner passed away on January 16, 2014, having
recently celebrated her 90th birthday. She was predeceased by her husband,
Bill, BA4y LLB'48; brother, Jack; sister, Claudia; and son-in-law, Chris. She
is survived by daughters Nancy (Roman), Leslie
(Bruce), Alison, and son Ken, as well as five beloved
grandchildren. Many of BJ's family graduated from
UBC and Chris was faculty. Born in Vancouver in
1924, BJ lived in Vancouver until age 89 when she
moved to Vancouver Island to be closer to family.
While at UBC she met Bill and was a member
of the Alpha Gamma Delta sorority, where she
made friends who would remain close throughout her life. Graduating in
psychology, BJ worked with World War II veterans before embarking on
a cross-country and trans-Atlantic trip with Bill after their marriage. She
helped raise four children and was always active in her community, including
being involved in the Vancouver and West Vancouver University Women's
clubs. Her widespread volunteerism included time devoted to the UBC
Museum of Anthropology, Museum of Vancouver, Community Arts Council,
Children's Hospital, and Canadian Mental Health Association. BJ touched
many on her life's journey. She had a fun-loving zest for life, wicked sense
of humour, was always interested in current events, and curious about
other people's lives. Her warmth endeared her and she made friends of
all ages easily. BJ was indeed a positive influence and guiding light in both
her children's and grandchildren's lives. We are strengthened by her spirit,
which lives on
Dr. Craig MacPhee, World War II veteran, former University of Idaho fisheries
professor, died Tuesday, October 9, 2012. While attending UBC, Craig played
on the school's rugby team. His time at UBC was most important to him
Craig went on to receive his PhD from the University of Washington. Craig
and his family settled in Moscow, ID, where he began his professorship at the
University of Idaho. He has a distinguished history at the university for his
role in helping establish a cooperative fisheries research unit on the campus
in 1963, and for his numerous research projects throughout northern Idaho's
rivers and lakes. He served as academic chairman for the University of Idaho
Department of Fishery Resources, served on the U-ldaho Faculty Council,
and was president of the Idaho Chapter of the American Fisheries Society.
Following his retirement in 1980, he and his wife established the Craig and
Dorothy MacPhee Scholarship for a student in fisheries
Theta), (1925 - 2010)
"On this superb natural site we stand within -
a cathedral as boundless as our wonder, quenchless
amps the sun and moon supply, choirs the winds
and waves. Its organ thunder, its dome the sky.
The sea is his and he made it." Reverie from plaque
at the old UBC Rose Garden. We think of you
often and build upon the solid foundations that
you created. Your loving and grateful daughters,
Diana Nacer-Cherif, BA'yg, and Sylvia Andrews in memonam
Born March 18,1925, in Vancouver, the only son of John Albert and Lillian (Burton)
Heywood, Stanley died February 21,2014, in Tucson. He is predeceased by his
first wife, Joan Olive Murton, and survived by his two sons and their wives: John
S. Heywood and Gretchen E. Miller of Milwaukee, and his grandson, Oliver John
and Spencer James; and Philip A. Heywood and Augusta of Concord, MA, and
his grandson Cole Francis, and granddaughters, Ellinor Joan and Clare Ysabella
In 1995, he married Shirley Laber in Billings and inherited another family.
She, along with four stepsons, one stepdaughter, nine grandchildren and
six great-grandchildren, survive him. The Heywoods spent happy times
in Billings, Tucson and on many trips overseas
"Stan" taught school in BC and served four US institutions of higher
earning including The University of Chicago, where he was a research
associate; Coe College, where he was registrar, administrative assistant
to the president, and director of the Summer Session; Idaho State University,
where he was dean of the College of Education; and Montana State
University (formerly Eastern Montana College), where he was president
for ten years, retiring as professor emeritus of education in 1987.
He served in the Royal Canadian Air Force from 1943-45, and taught
University Air Cadets at the Royal Military College, Kingston, in the
summers of I95iand'52, whileintheRCAF (Reserve). He was a charter
member of the American Air Force Museum, Duxford, UK
Dr. Heywood served on the board of the American Association of State
Colleges and Universities and completed several overseas assignments for
the US Information Service. His avocation was reading about and studying
the British Empire and Commonwealth - he was fortunate to visit places
including the Beaufort Sea, the Northwest Frontier of Pakistan, Tristan da
Cunha, and the Falklands. He is listed in Who's Who In America and Who's
Who in American Education
John, who loved his family, dogs, planes, sailboats,
trees, and the wilderness, died in Vancouver on
March 31, 2014. John grew up in Saskatoon with
his identical twin, James, in the home the Gilmour
family built after they emigrated from Scotland. Their
dedicated mother, Janet, worked hard to provide
them with a good life and an education while raising
them on her own after their father died. Despite
growing up in the Depression years, the boys had many childhood adventures
and managed to get up to all sorts of mischief - double the trouble because
everyone had difficulty telling them apart. Fascinated by planes from a very
young age, after graduating from high school, John joined the RCAF, but was
serving in the Canadian Army in Ontario when WW II ended. This served him
well as both he and his brother received help with a university education, both
graduating from the Faculty of Forestry in 1950. John combined that experience
with his master's in forestry at Syracuse University to enjoy a long and fulfilling
career as a professional forester in Ontario, Saskatchewan and the Northwest
Territories. He spent happy times both on the water and tramping in the bush,
frequently accompanied by a dog or two. Predeceased by his loving wife, Irene,
and his later-in-life companion, Clare, John is loved, remembered and missed
by his children, Janet (Richard), Margy (Chris), Chris (Todd), Lisa and John; by
"JD"; by his grandchildren, Alexis, Matt, Chloe (Jules) and Caitlin (Adam); and
by his great-grandchildren, Lily, Luca and Avareigh
June 20,1921 - March 22,2014
Gilbert will be warmly remembered by his wife of 68 years, Geraldine;
sons Ted and Phillip (Leslie); three cherished grandchildren, Ian, Derek,
and Kelsey; and several nieces and nephews. He was predeceased by
five brothers and two sisters; his favourite sister, Phyllis Nixon, died only
recently. Gilbert was born in Gilbert Plains, MB, and at an early age, was
involved in a car/train accident near Grandview in which his mother
was killed, his father disabled and Gilbert hospitalized. As a result of
this trauma, he experienced many life challenges, one of which was his
decision to become a teacher. Consequently, with little financial help, but
armed with courage and determination, he not only received a Vancouver
Normal School Diploma, but three degrees from UBC. During his 40-year
teaching career he taught French to English school students in Victoria,
and English to French military students in Quebec. Retired and living in
Winnipeg, he was a volunteer for 10 years with the Winnipeg Branch of
Unitarian Service Committee (USC) Canada. He found satisfaction in
knowing the money raised, often through shopping mall craft sales, was
used for important projects such as "Seeds for Survival" in Ethiopia and/
or in Mali "Desertification and Drought" projects. He was a member of
the Winnipeg branch UN Association and supported peace organizations
Project Plough Shares and anti-poverty associations such as LITE (Loca
nvestment Towards Employment) and others. His final years were troubled
as a result of a major depressive disorder following a stroke. Our thanks to
the Kildonan Personal Care Centre for exceptional, professional and kind
care. A somewhat sad ending to a very productive life
September 4,7923 - October 73,2073
Don spent his first 14 years in the Revelstoke area,
where his lifelong love of the mountains and outdoors
took root. In 1937 his family moved to Kamloops. After
high school, Don enlisted with the Canadian Army.
When WWII ended, Don resumed his education at
UBC, where he met his future wife Anne in a UBC
cafeteria when, in the midst of a food fight with pals,
he accidently struck her with a potato. Anne, who had already noticed the
good-looking, fun-loving Don, arranged a blind date. They married in 1952 and
settled in Nelson, where Don began his career with the BC Ministry of Forests
In 1955 they moved to Kamloops, where Don spent the balance of his career
in private industry. Don pioneered industrial forestry in the interior of BC,
contributing significantly to forest development, pulp mill raw material supply,
and transportation systems. He initiated the export of chips from the southern
interior and served on several industry committees. The Association of BC
Forest Professionals awarded Don a lifetime membership - an honour given
to individuals who have made an exemplary contribution to the profession
One of Don's great personal achievements was the creation of Tod Mountain
(now Sun Peaks). He and a small circle of friends recognized the mountain's
potential as a ski hill. They planned it and had it operating by 1961. Don was
the first president of Tod Mountain and took the inaugural ride on the "longest
double chairlift in North America." Don taught his kids and grandkids to ski
and spent many years making tracks in Sun Peaks' famous powder. Don is
missed by his wife, Anne; children, Bruce (Jeannie), Sandra, BCom'y8, (Jay),
Linda (Paul), Bob (Lori); and eight grandchildren
Robert Charles Watters passed away on October
19, 2013, in Nanaimo at the age of 90. He started his
career as an engineer when he joined the Canadian
Armed Forces, Calgary Regiment, in 1942. He
trained as a gunner operator with the Calgary Tank
Corps, attended McGill University as part of his
army training, andlandedinHollandattheendof
the World War II as a sergeant in the occupationa
army until he was discharged in 1946. While at UBC, he met Rose Piggott
at the Fort Camp cafeteria and married her in Vancouver in 1954. They
had three children together - Frances, Bruce and Lorea - and were blessed
with four grandchildren. Bob was both a certified Professional Forester and
a certified Professional Engineer. Among other things, he taught forestry
and construction technology at the College of New Caledonia in Prince
George (and was a founding member of the program) from 1972-85. Bob
"retired" from the college to run the Nanaimo Foundry and Engineering
Works from 1985-95. Retired was never a word that applied to Bob - he was
always working on something. He enjoyed travelling, the outdoors, restoring
Model T cars and playing bridge. His family and his community were his
passions. It's no surprise that his favourite saying was "I feel like a million
bucks." Donations may be made to the Robert C. Watters Forestry Award,
care of the UBC Faculty of Forestry.
Bill passed peacefully at age 82 in Brisbane, AU,
on June 2, 2013. He will be sadly missed by his wife,
Evelyn; sons, Joshua and Jay; and by Mary Nicol,
his first wife and the mother of his children, Dan, Robin
and Jim. Also left to mourn are his sister, Annie Deeley
of Winnipeg, and his brother, Wayne Gair (Karen)
of Quadra Island. Bill was born in St. Boniface, MB,
on May 10,1931, and received his early education in
Winnipeg, Vancouver, Port Melon and Gibsons. He graduated UBC with double
majors in microbiology and bacteriology and obtained his PhD in Microbiology
at the University of Illinois in 1956. He was a major contributor to research,
industry and academia. He opened the Department of Microbiology at the
University of Alberta in 1966 - at age 35, he was their youngest department
head. His family and friends remember his intelligence, decency and love of
fishing. Burial of his ashes was on the Solomon Islands
Alan was born in Coronation, AB, on July 2,1924, to Robie and Doris Daniels,
who moved to Vancouver a year or so after his birth. He passed away in
North Vancouver on October 6, 2013, after a short illness. Alan is survived
by his loving wife of 64 years, Shirley; beloved daughter, Heather, BEd'8o
(Alistair); loving grandchildren, Anna and Thomas, who were so specia
to him; sister, Barbara (Chuck); and many nieces and nephews. He was
predeceased by his parents and two siblings, Ross and Merle. Alan served
in the RCAF during WWII. When he returned from service he attended UBC
in the sciences department, earning a BA in math. He delighted in telling his
family that there was no Bachelor of Science degree when he graduated
During his long career he taught in Squamish, Coquitlam, Richmond, and in
Vancouver at Gladstone, David Thompson, and Kitsilano secondary schools,
teaching senior math. In 1984 Alan retired and for the next 17 years he and
Shirley spent the winters in San Diego, where they made lasting friendships
and where Alan could lawn bowl every day in the sun. He had many hobbies
at which he excelled: lapidary work, silversmithing, stained glass, wine making
and carpentry work. Alan was a wonderful, kind and generous husband,
father and grandfather and will be sorely missed by his loving family.
JACK LEE, BCom'55, LLB'62
Jack passed away peacefully on April 2, 2013, at
the age of 82. He will always be alive in the happy
memories of his loving family: wife, Mamie; son,
Geoffrey, BA'84; daughter, Deanna, BCom'go, (Michae
Woo); grandchildren, Jaclyn and Madison; brothers,
Bob, BCom'56, LLD'g6, and Bill; sisters, Maye Louie
and Mary Kwong; their respective spouses; and
many nieces and nephews. He was predeceased
by his brother, George, and sister, Vera Wong. Jack was born and raised
in Vancouver and had his own law practice in Chinatown until 2008. Jack
enjoyed years of community service with several organizations. He received
the Silver Medallion Award from the Canadian government for outstanding
community service, was an active member of the Vancouver Chinatown
Lions Club, and was named a Melvin Jones Fellow in 2002 - the highest form
of recognition conferred by the Lions Club International. Jack was appointed
to the BC Police Commission in 1995 and also by the BC government to
serve on the board of directors at Mount St. Joseph Hospital. Jack was loved
by all who knew him. He will be remembered for his honesty, compassion,
unconditional generosity, funny jokes, gift of public speaking, videotaping
special events and love for people - especially kids. Donations may be made
in memory of Jack to Mount St. Joseph Hospital, c/o Tapestry Foundation,
3080 Prince Edward St, Vancouver, BC, V5T 3N4.
July 7,7933 - November 3,2073
Bob Kirkland, beloved father, partner, and friend, passed away on
November 3, 2013, at the age of 80. Bob was born in Nelson and raised
in Vancouver. After receiving his mechanical engineering degree, he
moved to Toronto where he continued his education, completing his MBA
A successful businessman in Toronto and Montreal, Bob later moved west
to begin his own company in Calgary, Beaver Interior Contracting Ltd. Bob
will be remembered as an avid tennis player and was a lifetime member
of the Toronto Cricket & Curling Club. He also enjoyed his annual trips to
Hawaii where he had many friends. Bob is survived by his partner, Cita
Flores; two sons, Graeme and Jeffrey; and their mother, Joanne Kirkland
Bob was a very positive-thinker - "There's No Such Word as Can't!" was one
of his many teachings and convictions he shared with others, especially his
boys. This attitude underscored his inherent "can-do", "winner" spirit in all
that he did. Bob's generous, caring, and competitive spirit, active mind, and
his amiable sense of humour will be remembered well. These great qualities
that he shared with others will not be forgotten. Bob Kirkland touched and
improved the lives of many people. He will be dearly missed
June 8,1932 - April 73,2074
Bill passed away peacefully on Sunday April 13, 2014, at the age of 81
He is survived by his wife, Sylvia; daughter, Eleanor (Bruce); son, Sean
(Cowichan Valley); brother, Thomas (Halifax); sister-in-law, Pamela in memonam
Lenko (Michael) (Cowichan Valley); granddaughter, Erin Nathalie Murray
(Halifax); and several cousins, nieces, and nephews in BC, AB, ON and NS
He was predeceased by his daughter, Martha Creighton (1964); mother,
Martha Eleanor Creighton (1982); father, Allen James Creighton (1987);
brother, Frank Albro brown (2006); and sister-in-law, Blanche Alden
Potter-Creighton (2014). Bill served with the Royal Canadian Navy and began
his naval career with the University Naval Training Division, aka "Untidies."
He belonged to HMCS Discovery and HMCS Malahat. In civilian life, he was
a pharmacist for 50 years. He worked in Victoria, Castlegar, Masset, and
Duncan, BC. He retired from Walmart in 2007. Bill volunteered his spare
time with the BC College of Pharmacists, the Naval Officers Association of
Vancouver Island, The Royal Canadian Legion, and the Maritime Museum of
BC. He will be missed by family and friends who knew him. A celebration of
life was held at the Chemainus Legion. Donations can be made to the Heart
& Stroke Foundation, The Canadian Diabetes Association, or the Roya
Canadian Legion bursary fund for education bursaries
Florence McNeal died August 26, 2013, at the
age of 73 or 76 or 80 depending on which driver's
license, health card or other document she was
^^^Bp \ using at the time (a delightful fact that will not
I surprise those who knew her - her bother has
&       0]      commented that she was sometimes his older,
^J      and sometimes his younger, sister). She earned
her BA from UBC in the 1950s (in keeping with her
own vagueness), where, among many other activities, she wrote a regular
column for The Ubyssey. She spent the next few years after graduation
teaching high school and writing, most notably a series of stories that
appeared on John Drainie's CBC radio program, Canadian Short Stories
She returned to UBC to earn her MA in creative writing with Earle Birney
and went on to publish 11 books of poetry with some of Canada's most
prestigious publishers. Then, at the suggestion of her editor, she wrote the
first of her four highly successful novels for young people, which have been
translated into a dozen languages and adapted for film. She also published
an acclaimed novel for adults, Breathing Each Other's Air. She won many
iterary awards for both her poetry and fiction, both in Canada and abroad
Florence also spent a number of years teaching English and creative writing
at the post-secondary level, teaching at Western Washington University,
the University of Calgary - where she met her husband - and then back
at UBC, before she retired to write full-time, and took an occasiona
visiting professorship. Florence is survived by her husband, David, PhD'y6,
her brother, Alex, her sister, Theresa, and many nieces and nephews
On October 31, 2013, after a brave battle with Alzheimer's, James Ernest
Hartley died in Calgary with the same grace with which he had lived
He leaves his wife, Milly, his four daughters and their families, and eight
grandchildren. Jim was born in Ogema, SK, and finally settled in Calgary,
working for Parks Canada Historic Sites Branch until his retirement in 1997.
Jim never stopped learning and had several degrees including a BSc in
Agriculture from the University of Saskatchewan, an MSc in Community and
Regional Planning from UBC, and an MBA from the University of Calgary.
Jim developed a keen sense of community service as he moved around the
country and was a staunch Roughriders fan
7946 - 2073
Carole is survived by her children and beloved 'grands': Teresa Earle and
Fritz Mueller - Stella and Robyn; and Malcolm and Tonya Earle - Kieran and
Taylor. Her circle of love left behind includes her husband, Philip Musgrave;
her brother, Murray Hall; goddaughter, Sarah Housser; and Bill, of course
And her two 'almost sisters': her dearest Gail, and Linda, friend forever.
Carole's family is grateful for the love and support from her many friends
during the past couple of years. Carole received an education degree and
a master's degree in counselling psychology, and had a practice in West
Vancouver for 30 years. Illness made Carole wiser, and she laughed more
Her children and grandchildren spread her ashes amongst the salal and
along the beach at her favourite place, Faery Pool Cottage on Galiano Island
Please consider a donation to support research at the BC Cancer Agency.
7948 - 2073
On August 30, 2013, Dennis lost his battle with
Mantle Cell B Lymphoma. After graduating, Dennis
worked for Netherlands Overseas Sawmills and
in 1976 was recruited by Weldwood, serving as
a roving project manager in the construction of
the Burns Lake sawmill. In 1983, he was promoted
to general manager of Weldwood's Babine Forest
Products. In 1988, Dennis moved to Hinton, AB, and served as project
manager in the construction of the Hi-Atha Sawmill. In 1997, he was
appointed vice-president of Hinton Forest and Wood Products. Dennis
served as president of the Alberta Forest Products Association in 1996 and
was active on the Board and several committees. He was vice-chairman of
the Canadian Lumber Standards National Lumber Grading Association and
vice-chairman of the Softwood Lumber Committee of Alberta. In 1999, he
served as a member of Canada's Softwood Lumber Agreement negotiating
team. In 2000, he was appointed to an interim committee responsible for
designing a new Alberta Forestry Research Institute and enjoyed serving
on the board of the (now) Foothills Research Institute from 1996-2004
After retiring from Weldwood/West Fraser in 2005, Dennis joined the
Alberta Government as Director of Forest Products in 2008. In 2011, Dennis
moved to Kamloops with his partner, Susan, enjoying the fine weather and
proximity to his property on Shuswap Lake. Dennis commuted to Edmonton
while on contract with the Government of Alberta and was unfortunately
diagnosed with cancer in 2011. He eventually retired in 2012. He was a keen
outdoorsman and skier, and had an encyclopedic knowledge of roots, rock
and roll musicians, and music. He was a keen family man who enjoyed taking
his family to many parts of the world. His enthusiasm and high spirits made
him many friends within and outside the forestry profession in Alberta and
BC. Dennis is survived by his children, Phoebe and Wylie, his partner, Susan
Bevan, and his sister, Sherry Pooley, BEd'yi
Walter passed away on August 7, 2013, at Royal Inland Hospital. He will be
sadly missed by his loving wife, Ruth. Walter was a proud father of Geoff
(Monica) of Denver, CO, and Michael (Angelene) of Kamloops; and Papa to
Preslie, Jaxen and Joey. He will also be missed by his brother, Andy (Alice),
of Three Hills, AB; sister, Lily, of Scarborough, ON; and numerous nieces
and nephews. Walter was born on March 7,1942, in Montreal to Andy and
Nettie Majak. He graduated from Lachine High
School, McGill University (BSc), Dalhousie University
(MSc) and UBC. Walter spent his entire career as
a research scientist with Agriculture Canada in
Kamloops. During that time he published numerous
scientific papers and was awarded the Queen's
Golden Jubilee medal in 2002 in recognition of
his work
March 24,1956 - October 26,2013
It is with great sadness that we announce the passing of our beloved
wife and mother. Trish will be lovingly remembered by her husband of
over 35 years, Allan; daughter, Janet, and son, David. Trish was born in
Lloydminster, AB, to Enoch and Janet Salt. She attended Camrose Lutheran
College followed by the University of Alberta, where she obtained her
Bachelor of Education degree. She met and married the love of her life,
Allan, in Alberta and soon moved out to North Vancouver. Trish taught in
the North Vancouver School District for over 30 years and, while teaching,
received a Master of Education degree that concentrated on her passion for
early childhood literacy. Trish was an active and well-loved member of the
North Vancouver community. She taught at Larson, Fromme, Ross Road,
and Highlands elementary schools and the Progress Centre at Handsworth
The numerous well wishes and visits from her former students during her
time at the hospice are evidence of just how loved she was by those she
taught. She was a member of the JP Fell Pipe Band
and The Black Bear Rebels ceilidh group with Allan
She attended St. Catherine's Anglican Church with
her family, where she was a founding member of
a contemporary music group, Joyful Voice. She sang
in the choir, taught Sunday school and youth group,
and was instrumental in founding St. Catherine's
pre-school. She loved kayaking at the cabin, hiking
and riding her bike, playing music, reading books,
and travelling with her family. In recognition of Trish's passion for books and
iteracy, donations in Trish's name can be made to The North Vancouver
District Library. D
Please submit obituaries to trek.magazine@ubc.ca including
"In Memoriam: first name, last name, class year" in the subject line,
or mail to:
alumni UBC
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, BC V6T1Z1
Obituaries should be 300 words or less (submissions may be edited
for length and clarity where necessary). Mail original photos or
email high resolution images - preferably 300 dpi.
Wesbrook Village is tomorrow's ideal West Coast neighbourhood. And it's here today, right now -
thriving already. A brand new place to stap. shop, walk, bike, own, rent, or just enjoy. You've
simply got to see this to believe it.
The Dally Catcft      ftoQCi      £m "^tkgji
Iturachd c»p»pa*y
Wesbrook Tiljix ti a nvw and o*citing irnei preionted by Wrebrook Village t
alumni UBC.   It n doiifnrd to prorrdr oppoilumlici to h»tcn to t cngig? with
annum! alumni In Hir cam ni mil It    Tt»* t -nit told out quietly, %n plane
ileh foi the neil jnnauni:*mnnt: Vint lor information on future Ulkt
alumni ubc THE LAST WORD
Fans of Vancouver author Nancy Lee's literary works owe their gratitude to the dime-a-dozen
psychic she met on Santa Monica Boulevard in 1996. Lee, a publicist at the time, was in LA
with her business partner for a series of meetings with a potential client. Between meetings
they decided, as a joke, to have their palms read. While the colleague was told she would find
true love, Lee was told that she was doing the wrong thing in her life and that until she did
the right thing, she'd never be happy. It was perhaps the best money she ever spent. Today,
Lee is revered as one of Canada's most compelling writers. Her first book, Dead Girls, was
hailed by The Globe and Mail as "a masterworkof revelation," won the Van City Book Prize, and
was a finalist for the Ethel Wilson Fiction Prize, the Pearson Readers' Choice Award, and the
Wordsworthy Award. Dead Girls has been published in the UK, Germany, Italy, France, Holland
and Spain, and has been optioned for film. Lee, an assistant professor in Creative Writing at
UBC, has served as writer-in-residence for the University of East Anglia, Historic Joy Kogawa
House, and most recently for the city of Vincennes, France, and the city of Richmond. Her debut
novel, The Age, has opened to rave reviews, is set to be published in France, and was featured
as one of alumni UBC's book club selections this fall. Follow Lee on Twitter: (fflpantsn
Remember when you had
no Cares in this world?
What is your most prized possession?
It's a tie between a handwritten rejection
letter from Bill Buford at The New Yorker and
Sandy, a ragged old panda bear I've had since
childhood who's been washed so many times
she resembles a satanic goat
Who was your childhood hero?
My adolescent hero was David Bowie
He's still my hero
Describe the place you most like
to spend time.
Curled up in a chair with my knitting,
preferably with a fireplace nearby, a good
detective show on the telly and a cup
of tea within arm's reach. Basically,
I'm a 75-year-old woman
What was the last thing you read?
1996 - a wonderful collection of poems
by Sara Peters
What or who makes you laugh out loud?
Our dog Rudy, who looks like an adorable
teddy bear but has the personality of
Joe Pesci
What's the most important lesson you
ever learned?
Don't do today what you can put off until
tomorrow. Wait, I may have gotten that
wrong. Never mind, I'll check it tomorrow.
What's your idea of the perfect day?
My husband and I lived just outside Paris for
four months and spent most days writing and
then exploring Paris on foot, eating in great
bistros, browsing book stores and museums
Those were perfect days
What was your nickname at school?
Pants. While I was in the MFA program,
we hosted an annual summer residency.
wore a pair of black PVC pants to the closing
reception. A well-known literary editor was
mesmerized by my attire, and a joke started
that my pants received a 4-book deal
What would be the title of your biography?
Let Me Ask You This (with a pointing finger
on the cover)
If a genie granted you one wish, what would
it be?
Can I wish for more wishes? Because that
would be the smart thing to do, right?
What item have you owned for the
longest time?
don't really keep track of possessions. I can
tell you the feeling I've owned for the longest
time: ennui tempered by exuberance
What is your latest purchase?
So many questions about possessions
and things. I'm not really a things person
Whom do you most admire (living or dead)
and why?
That's easy: my mom. She's the best person
If you could invent something, what would
it be?
An anti-rage laser gun. Point it at people
and their anger dissolves
In which era would you most like to have lived,
and why?
No historical era is without its problems, but if it's just
for a visit: La Belle Epoque in Paris. Peace, technologica
invention, ground-breaking advances in medicine, the
rise of realism and naturalism in literature, the birth
of Modernism, post-Impressionist painters, cabaret
theatre, salons. And beautiful hats
What are you afraid of?
Spiders, fatal diseases, people who hate art
Name the skill or talent you would most like to have.
would love to be able to play the piano. Or draw.
Or build a house. Basically, I have no skills, so any
additional skills would be welcome
Which three pieces of music would you take to that
desert island?
Aretha Franklin's Ain't No Way
Dead or Alive's You Spin Me Round 12" Remix
David Bowie's Life on Mars
Which famous person (living or dead) do you think
(or have you been told) you most resemble?
I'm half Chinese and half Indian, so I don't really
00k like anyone famous. Personality-wise, I'm a lot
ike Garfield
What is your pet peeve?
Wilful ignorance
What are some of your UBC highlights?
first came to UBC in grade 8, on a field trip. We spent
the day doing research in the old library stacks. I fell in
ove with the campus. There isn't a day I'm at UBC that
don't feel grateful to be here. D
It's the same feeling you get, young or not so young, when you know you're protected
— especially when you have people who count on you. Consider Alumni Term Life
Insurance, whether you're looking for new coverage or adding to an existing one, and
enjoy exclusive low rates for you and your family. No worries. We've got you covered.
Visit www.manulife.com/ubcmag to learn more or call toll-free 1-888-913-6333
alumni UBC    EH Manulife
When you choose Alumni Insurance,
Manulife Financial provides financial
and marketing support for alumni UBC
communications, programs and services.
Underwritten by
The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company (Manulife).
Manulife and the Block Design are trademarks of The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company and are used by it, and by its affiliates under license. Our 300,000 alumni are at the heart of UBC. So UBC and alumni UBC are building the Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre at the heart
of our Vancouver campus. The Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre will be a new home for alumni; a place to welcome all who visit UBC;
a place to connect and integrate, fostering entrepreneurship, networking, mentoring and learning
The Centre is named in honour of alumnus, benefactor, former UBC Chancellor and founder of the UBC Properties Trust,
Dr. Robert H. Lee, CM, OBC, BCom'56, LLD'96. Bob is affectionately known as 'Mr. UBC due to his many contributions over
three decades
To help the new Robert H. Lee Alumni Centre become a vital and vibrant space, we invite your support
a place of mind
alur    iuBC


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