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UBC Alumni Chronicle 1976

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,*?ffi®}afc*^ All the good advice in the world won't
pay the rent on office space, or keep the cash
flow of an expanding practice running smoothly.
If you're a graduate, or have already
started your career, the Royal Bank can help
you to either get established, or progress
further in the professional world. Your Royal
Bank manager is qualified to give you good
financial advice, and assistance in a more
tangible form-up to $50,000 where the circumstances warrant.
Speak to your Royal Bank manager about
our Business Program for Professionals.
Whether you're just starting out, or on your
way up, he can help you plan your future with
practical solutions to your financial problerr.s.
ROYAL BANK
the helpful bank
Eligible professions include: Accounting-
Chartered Accountant-CA, Architecture-
B. ARCH., Chiropractic-Doctor in
Chiropractic-D.C, Dentistry-D.D.S.,
Engineering-B. ENG., Law-B.C.L, LL.B.,
Medicine-M.D., Qptometry-O.D., Pharmacy
-B. Sc, PHARM., Veterinary Medicine-D.V.lV:
. ..and others. 1
LlRES
 L CHILDREN ARE SPECIAL
JT SOME ARE MORE SPECIAL
THAN OTHERS
Viveca Ohm
g ANCHOVIES, BLUE WHALES AND
MATHEMATICS
A UBC Professor Makes Them All Add Up
Tim Padmore
FIRST lyPRESSIONS
What's it Like to be a First Year Student
at UBC?
Eleanor Wachtel
§ OLD PUBSTERS NEVER DIE
(They Simply Froth Away)
Murray McMillan
2 ALONG THE ROUTE OF KINGS
A Modern Pilgrimage
Hanna E. Kassis
EPARTMENTS
9 NEWS
4 SPOTLIGHT
LETTERS
, special arrangement, this issue ofthe Chronicle
! as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
'administration's weekly campus publication
ling a round-up of university news and events
1 the fall term.
TOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
rORIAL ASSISTANT Christopher J. Miller (BA.Queen's)
ER Peter Lynde
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media (804) 688-6819
Editortall Committee
Or. Joseph Katz, chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA'74; Clive
Cocking, BA'62; James Denholme, BASc'56; Harry
Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock, BFA73, MFA75; Michael
W.HuMer, BA'63, LLB'67; Murray McMillan; Bel Nemetz,
BA'35; Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
""'48
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British
wlumbi-. Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered.
BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green
ParkRof. i. Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8. (604)^228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS:
Hie Alun m Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-alumni
subscrip: oris are available at $3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year.
ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address, with old address label if available,
10 UBC ,= ',irnni Records, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1 X8
Return R,.quested.
Postage -.A d at the Third Class rate Permit No. 2067
embei   Jouncil for the Advancement and Support of Education.
Presidents Message
How easy it is, in the rush of business and family
commitments to put off careful consideration of issues
which wil! have a long range effect on our lives and
those of our children. As alumni of UBC we have an
even greater responsibility than most to make
ourselves aware of developments in education —
particularly in B.C. — and to present to our
communities a balanced view concerning decisions
which must eventually be made in the political arena.
There are currently a number of matters involving
B.C. education at the university level which warrant
your careful consideration:
1. The Winegard Commission on Degree Programs
— relating particularly to the availability of
degree programs outside the major metropolitan
areas.
2. The Faris Commission on continuing education.
3. The Health Education Advisory Council chaired
by Kenneth Strand, former president of Simon
Fraser University.
In addition to the above you will be hearing more
and more about the financial pressures being felt by
the university. As the provincial government has
encountered tightening in its sources of revenue it has
passed those restraints on to the various services
which it funds. This restraint has been felt acutely at
UBC and if continued or increased will inevitably lead
to reductions in quality and breadth of education
provided. Discussions of expanded programs in B.C.
could lead to concern that they will be undertaken at
the expense of reduced university financing for
existing programs. Dr. Kenny has stated, for example,
that the Winegard proposals would be substantially
more expensive than proposed.
The financial constraint problem has reopened the
question of student fees — still held at the 1966-67
level. Comments from students and others concern not
only the objections of some to any fee increase but
also raise questions concerning the equitable
distribution of university costs between students,
business and the general public. Quite apart from
those concerns some people will question the ability of
the present or any proposed distribution to meet social
needs.
Your participation is vital if we are to have a
reasoned debate in these vital areas. I urge you to
become knowledgeable about these important
questions and to participate in the debates. I would
personally welcome your views or requests for
information which should be sent to me at the alumni
office, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T 1X8.
In alumni program areas I am pleased to report that
our UBC Speakers Bureau, chaired by president
emeritus Walter Gage, is off to a busy start and is now
prepared to handle requests for speakers from areas
outside the lower mainland. Give the association
(228-3313) a call for more information.
Finally, as the year draws to a close, my wife and I
are joined by the staff and board of management ofthe
UBC Alumni Association in wishing you a festive
holiday season and a joyous new year.
James L. Denholme, BASc'56
President, UBC Alumni Association
J
3  But Some Arc
Viveca Ohm
bus stops in front of the low,
»ied building at the edge ofthe trees.
children spill out, some looking
j id hesitantly from the top step,
;t s tumbling down to be hugged by
.oming teachers.
visiting parent who has come to
•- -ve watches them with fond recog-
/■i. "There's April... there's Eric...
. at Cathy." And then she goes off
i a staff member to follow her own
i.'s progress through the one-way
ns adjacent to each classroom.
typical morning has begun at the
Berwick Centre, the newest ver-
. of the UBC education faculty's
■' al education department preschool
Handicapped children. The pre-
)! program itself is nothing new; it
i been carrying on quietly in the old
3ia camp huts since its inception in
early '60s. Its present home, a
;r, more spacious structure with
:ial activity rooms and a swimming
I has only been open since last May,
ing that special group of buildings
Jvided by private rather than gov-
:nt funds. (Cecil Green Park and
Koerner Graduate Student Centre
(two ofthe others.) The construction
entirely financed through the fund
ing efforts of Tent 47 of the Variety
>, assisted by the Vancouver Sun's
ise of Hope campaigns.
igned by Barbara Dalrymple,
'74, the centre is named for
; Berwick, a partner in the ar
chitectural firm that built it. Berwick,
the father of a retarded child himself and
an active member of the Variety Club
and the Association for the Mentally
Retarded, died as the building neared
completion.
On any school day there are between
32 and 36 children, aged three to six, at
the centre. Like any children, they play
on tricycles, fight, sing, get excited,
grumpy, dirty, sleepy. But as far as the
school is concerned, it is the kids who
are the teachers. Adults are the "enab-
lers"; their function is to enable the retarded child to cope with him or herself
and others in the widest possible way.
"Retarded" is a word that nobody
connected with special education likes.
Conservatively, ten per cent ofthe children in B.C. are "special" children —
special insofar as their needs are
sufficiently different as to require
facilities or an environment other than
the regular school system. Used in connection with them, "retardation" is
more of an umbrella term for general
delay caused by genetic, metabolic,
emotional or environmental factors. A
child may have a visual or hearing impairment, cerebral palsy, Down's syndrome (commonly known as mongolism), or some deep-seated emotional
disorder — any of which will delay his
or her normal development, but in the
early years of childhood it is difficult
and dangerous to fit children into too
specific categories. There is a great deal
of overlap, and a strict measuring of
retardation can be as much a hindrance
as a help.
Take Gary, for instance, who hovers
around the edge of classroom goings-
on. He doesn't play with other children;
he pays no attention to the group around
the table singing Old Macdonald; he
trudges from one end ofthe room to the
other, picking up things and putting
them down, as if searching for something. Is it an emotional withdrawal that
makes for this apparent inability to
focus his attention? Or does he, as the
authorities suspect, have a hearing impairment? You cannot ask him. In either
case, he will be up against problems in
communication, language and learning,
but a hearing loss would bring in a range
of new factors and treatments.
Jeff works with a physiotherapist to
correct the hip rotation common to
Down's syndrome children. But he also
needs help to deal with his anger.
Melanie has seizures. The causes could
be many and are hard to pin down.
Some children simply outgrow them.
Meanwhile, how is Melanie to cope ?
"Parents want definite answers,"
says preschool director Wanda Justice,
"but they're very hard to give...." A
tall, soft-spoken woman who organized
preschool programs for Vancouver and
Richmond before returning to campus
as a director, she herself is leery of
definite answers. She'll tell about the
Down's child from a Chinese home who
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could speak both English and Cantonese and translate from one to the
other. "I've never taken too much for
granted since." Or about the five year
old Down's girl with a reading vocabulary of a hundred words and still growing. "Her world is a much wider place
than it would have been years ago, when
Down's children were classically assumed to be uneducable.
"We don't know handicapped
people." says Justice. For so long it was
the trend to keep them apart, away, "in
the name of kindness, but subconsciously in the name of our own
comfort." Since the late '60s that trend
has been reversed; now every effort is
made to integrate "special" children
into society and into ordinary schools
whenever possible.
Normalization, special education
professor David Kendall calls it.
"We've inflicted an abnormal environment on many handicapped people, deprived them of their civil rights and opportunities... this has made them more
different than they need be."
At the preschool the focus is not on
the handicaps but on the children, and
the fact that they are children. In the
summer, for instance, the centre opens
its doors to "normal" and gifted kids as
well. The program is called Serendipity,
and in it, Wanda Justice says, "we lose a
lot of our assumptions from the winter.
We learn a lot from the kids... for one
thing, children don't fit into the categories we adults put them into. Kids
group across categories. Two kids may
become fast friends — one gifted and
the other moderately retarded — because they're both adventurous. With
children, style rather than intelligence
level is the important thing. The quiet
ones group together, so do the lively
ones....
"We've never had to recruit kids,"
she adds, in answer to any suspicion
about the possible reluctance of parents
of "normal" kids to send them to a preschool serving the handicapped. When
the summer is over, it's often these parents who are reluctant to move their
kids out. For one thing, this is a good
preschool. For another, they recognize
the therapeutic and practical value of
the experience, and that.it works both
ways. For "special" children, Justice
maintains, have as much to offer society
as society does them.
The winter program is somewhat
more structured (although the structure
is flexible, sometimes even invisible)
and it operates with a regular staff of
four teachers, four assistant teachers,
two psychologists and one aide. The latter is a middle-aged, retarded woman
who started as a volunteer more than 20
Uncle Charlie, a most musical friend.
years ago and has since becorrr
ued member of the school. She e
found there any day bringing tea
paring the classroom snack tray
wheeling happily squealing c'sild
down the corridor on her trollev
The cost of the preschool pro; ram,
the parents is kept as low as pos • ible- Jtl°n
$35 a month for three and four y< -ar old ® W'
and $25 for six year olds. UBC p ovide '•ft
a large portion of the centre's budge ■
with additional funds coming from th
local school boards and the province !C!°C
ministry of human resources. But th I
budget is still tight, "we have $2500fo !
the year for equipment. That has ti   'f
cover everything including the appl
juice the kids drink." Staff salaries at
still on the low end of the scale — but
incle
Bi
chile
toyi
(her
inch
kalin
(Yfit
great improvement over the $100     h
month ofthe early '60s. But "even witl f
the low salaries we have people beatinj    \
down the doors to get in," says Justice  ?se,
Some of these are the graduates of thi      !
UBC special education program. Thi !r.?
reason why there are not more is proba  "l "
bly because other institutions and edtt
cation systems are able to offer bette
salaries.
Each child has an individual progranjjj
designed by the teacher and consultinj : >
therapists to focus on his/her specia ?.
needs, and gets an extensive teacher re :..
port twice a year. The overall progrart 9nm
aims at self-help skills and developinj
awareness through field trips, ex .
periencing the community, swimming °.
physiotherapy, speech and musit :..
therapy. j^j
It's mid-morning now. In the large ...
classrooms (which, like the rest ofthe
building, seem to contain almost no
right angles) the kids are getting ready
for snack time, unaware they are being ^
watched through one-way glass. Food is     .
an important learning tool. It can be ■■
seen, touched, smelled, talked about;it  j.
provides an opportunity for a language  ,
lesson as well as for learning social
graces.  Nor is there much need for
heavy teacher-decrees; if a child doesn't
catch on that pushing and shoving are
not the way, the other children wil! soon
let him or her know
Susan prefers to go it alone, feeding
her doll from an empty teacup. That'sall
right too. But her solitude is short-lived
as Jeff tries to lure her away by banging
on a plastic barrel. The others look up
momentarily, then return to their apples. It has not taken very long at all
maybe ten minutes of watching, and
they're "just kids."
There are about eight or nine children
to a class with two or three teachers
The basic staff-child ratio is one to four.
but it often comes to more as students
come in to do four to five week practica.
Not just UBC students, but people from
Capilano College, Simon Fraser, Douglas College. Nor is education the only
faculty involved; the preschool vvorks v tlosel -v with nursing, medicine.
in t ''Lvch'>i°g*y' social work, home
P'e ;t0nor:iics, physical education and re-
,d^ Vain"1- even dentistry.
Ie' | |n fse observation room, a visiting
i 'petia:isl from Ottawa is discussing var-
101 nations of Down's syndrome and agree-
wi»h ihe staff that "it's no longer an
uaiified tragedy when a child is born
Jnth Down's." She isjust one of approximately 1100 visitors a year to the pre-
1 V.ijchool Like the others she will get the
1claHll tour of the new facilities, from the
J.f'indoor pool with the big blue whale
°™-nted on the wall, to the music room
ere instruments range from piano
drums to autoharps and African
;. Jimbas (all donated by the Nine
."'■O'clock Club, a group of gentlemen
*' ■ meet at the Cobalt Hotel at that
ofthe morning for beer). Music is
as communication; the rhythm can
caught and answered by the teacher
other children. Then there is the ac-
room, a large, slant-ceilinged gym
re the muralled sun shines even in
ment weather.
But today the real sun is out, and the
n have gone to play in the open
yard where there are sandboxes
swings and things to climb on and
, and winding walks to ride tractors
On top of a grassy knoii stands
thing that looks like an upended
r tank, painted with a mustached,
ngface. That's Uncle Charlie, and
n two kids pull the handles on either
, the metal rods that stick out of his ;;j
begin to chime. Uncle Charlie is '?■■
creation of musical sculptor John \ K;
.yson, who also designed the sound S:
s on the covered deck — boxes and .''■
s that kids can crawl into and acti-
musically by touching, pumping, ^
pvuu.ling. "Something I'd really like to 11
see is an Aeolian harp that could play in ;$
the wind," says Wanda Justice. "If only '4
I could find a music student to design p
one   ." y
_ In coordination with the preschool, y
infant programs are offered by many of
community organizations to help parents guide the development of children
up to three. Although the Berwick
Centre requires no previous programs, U
children who come from an infant prog- |j|
ram have a real head start, not least |v
because parents have a long-standing |;
awareness of their needs.
And what happens after the Berwick
Centre? Some children go on to special
classes within the school system, some
require the individual help of developmental schools, a few are able to move
mto "normal" kindergarten classes.
The centre, however, does more than
house the preschool. It is also the new
home and headquarters of the B.C.
Mental Retardation Institute. In the future the institute will sponsor projects in
the centre for groups of children and
^ults with various levels of handicaps. A big blue whale watches over the water babies in the Berwick Centre's
pool named for the late Bill Gait, BA'47, managing editor ofthe Sun
As the preschool is a link between the
community and the university, so too is
the B.C.M.R.I., which was set up in
1967 in response to parental pressure for
more professional training in the field of
mental retardation and developed by
Dr. Charlotte David, professor of special education. Essentially the institute
is a group of faculty members whose
aim it is to make sure all students in their
various fields have orientation to the
needs ofthe retarded and his or her family.
"We're here to provide facilities for
education, training and research," says
institute coordinator Anne Tilley. As an
associate professor in physical education and recreation her particular concern has been for students in those areas
to have access to course work and experience working with the retarded.
Representatives from nursing,
medicine, rehabilitation medicine, education, social work, and home
8
economics have similar roles.
The institute is unique in Canada
among university-community projects.
Because it has the sponsorship of the
local parents' associations the institute
is eligible for a provincial government
operating grant for its UBC activities.
For additional funds, it must depend on
private donations. This year those donations included a $5,000 gift from the
1976 UBC grad class.
When it comes to training teachers of
the handicapped, this is undeniably the
province of the UBC education faculty's department of special education.
The department offers three diploma
programs — in education ofthe deaf, of
the mentally retarded, and of children
with learning disorders.
Why does education of the deaf constitute a diploma program al! its own, as
opposed to say, deaf and blind children?
The reasons are many. Higher incidence for one thing — almost twice as
many children are born deaf as are boi
blind. (Rubella used to be a major facti
in both; now even the experts scratt
their heads over the exact cause). Mai
faculty members agree that "teachii
deaf kids is one ofthe hardest things yo
can do; it takes a very special teacher
Also, education ofthe deaf was the fit
of the diploma programs to be set
back in 1968, by then departmei
chairman David Kendall, a pediatric
specializing in speech and hearing. (J
to that time, teachers of the deaf had
be brought in from outside Canadg.
The learning disorders program coi
ers a wide area, from emotional
turbances to behavioral and learnin
problems arising from visual o
neurological impairment. Dr. Sail
Rogow, head of the program and
specialist in visual impairment, explain
that the thrust ofthe program is two-fol
concentrating, on the visually impairs
"for whom there have not been enoiijj
trained teachers in Canada," and o
language and communication. Roughl
300 children in B.C. are several
enough impaired to be registered wit
the Canadian National Institute for th'
Blind, many more have less severe sigl
impairment. Children in the latte
category are not necessarily visual
impaired. They may be non-verba
mentally delayed, autistic, dysiexi
(real dyslexia, which involves an inabi
ity to interpret written symbols eve
though the spoken language has bee
mastered, is rare) or have mild languaj
or vocabulary problems as a result
either insufficient stimulation or, mot
often, neurological problems. In
case the focus of the program is
tional rather than diagnostic; not
much what is wrong with the child
how he or she can learn to function fiau
'ore.
len
Oow i
han
of language and learning.
U we classically think of as mental
ition can occur at any time bearing and after birth and can hap-
i any family. If may involve
's syndrome in which 47 rather
•ie standard 46 chromosomes are
nest >i in the genetic makeup; it may
ill from birth injury, certain virus
i-ions in the mother during preg-
\ or from socio-environmental fac-
after birth.
'■j Acceptance into the one-year prog-
lams requires not only a degree from a
'icognized university, but also some
Experience with handicapped children,
ism alone is no passport.  Many
lie ants are mature students who
_.„ve been out in the work force or public school system for some years. The
k'lifnrol orient is limited and very select;
Ihe three programs together turn out
Inly 30 graduates a year. Regardless of
which specialty they choose, all must
♦take an "Introduction to the Study of
Special Children." They then complete
.eight of 29 available undergraduate
bourses in special education in areas
ioi ,|uch as multi-handicapped and maiad-
iti justed children and speech disorders,
lit 'along with an extensive practicum at the
hool, in line with the department's
t philosophy that theory and prac-
go hand-in-hand.
The department offers two courses on
and creative children. They too
"special" and often have been neg-
ted in favor of the more obviously
handicapped. Formerly "gifted" referred only to academic or intellectual
superiority but. children with a high degree of artistic and imaginative skills are
just as likely to suffer seriously at being
kept back from the kind of development
that they need. Gifted and creative children make up approximately two to
three per cent of the school population
in addition to the more recognizably
handicapped children.
Launched in 1958, when a special
education position was funded by the
Poliomyelitis Rehabilitation Foundation, the department really only began
to flower in the hands of David Kendall,
for over a decade its chairman. In addition to the diploma programs, those
years saw the beginning of the preschool, an expanded curriculum,
graduate courses, and the hiring of
specialists in. various fields. In a relatively short time, the department has
grown from a one-man offshoot of the
education faculty to nine full-time and
two part-time faculty members who are
presently contemplating a BEd program
in special education.
Kendall, who no longer heads it (the
rotating chairmanship is currently held
by Dr. Stanley Perkins) says the department is developing in the direction
of providing more and more special resource people. Faculty members serve
as special consultants in their fields. Increasing numbers of graduates are going
into administrative and advisory areas.
With the trend to integration, teachers
in "normal" schools need special assistance. Politicians may (as Kendall hints)
view integration as a "cheapo way of
education," but there is no underestimating the preparation required on
both sides.
At a staff meeting, department members agree to add a graduate course in
comparative special education, that will
look at programs in other countries....
Then there is the ticklish question of
funding for the new BEd program — can
it be obtained without giving up any of
the diploma programs? This the department is loath to do, as it sees the
diploma programs producing a different
kind of specialist than the degree program. Ultimately, they would like to see
an introductory course in special education required for all teachers: until that's
achieved, they guard their highly concentrated training program with what is
probably, after all, understandable vigilance .
Through it all, the prime concern is
still the needs ofthe "special" children.
Their needs are many and varied and
new questions constantly surface as the
old ones move closer to being
answered. But the basic one remains;
what are we doing for "special" children and how are we helping them take
an increasingly larger part in the "normal" world? □
Viveca Ohm, BA'69, is a Vancouver
writer.
Hmrow«%TOK»!Sv A
®ss£jfi*rsri
i.v"W«j?K::|
r  A UBC professor
makes them all add
Tim Padmore
Hanging on Colin Clark's living room
wall is a copy of Maurits Escher's
lithograph "Three Worlds." It shows a
catfish swimming in the hazy depths of a
pond. Floating leaves define the surface
of the water, and three trees appear as
reflections. The picture neatly symbolizes Clark's career.
He is a mathematician, a professor in
the UBC department of mathematics,
but his fame rests on his contributions to
ecology and the management of biological resources ranging from anchovies to
Douglas firs. The uniqueness of his contribution has been his ability to marry
biology with economics. The mathematics remains, of course; it is the glue that
holds the synthesis together, the interface, like the leaf-dappled surface in the
Escher print.
His work recently earned Clark the
$1,000 Biely Faculty Research Prize for
1976. He is the eighth winner of the
prize, awarded annually to a UBC faculty member for distinguished research carried out and published over
the previous five years. The prize was
established in 1969 by Mr. and Mrs.
George Biely, in honor of Prof. Jacob
Biely, former head of UBC's department of poultry science and one of
Canada's leading agriculturists.
Clark says that the combination of a
study leave at New Mexico State University in 1970 and the "ecology craze"
of the late '60s deflected him from the
straight and narrow of pure mathematics. "1 toed the line for a number of
years until I got the promotions and the
Colin Clark, one ofthe new
conservationists, and Skana, the
Vancouver Aquarium's killer whale.
While killer whales are not "fished" in
the usual sense, they are now protected
from indiscriminate capture along the
B.C. and Washington coasts.
other goodies ofthe university settled,"
he said with a grin. "I sort of studied on
my own... I hadn't made up my mind
how to bring mathematics and conservation together; it was about a year before I realized there was a connection. It
was an advantage, I guess, being completely ignorant of the field when 1
started. What I realized was that conservation is really an economic problem
as well as a biological problem." That
is, he added, if you mean by conservation what he does, not preservation of
nature in its pristine state, but keeping it
in its most productive state. That means
thinking about profits and costs of capital, as well as about reproductive rates
and fish catch sizes.
UBC, he said, turned out to be a good
place to put it all together. When he
returned from his sabbatical he found
people like Peter Larkin, now dean of
graduate studies, a world authority on
fishery problems, and economist Gordon Munro, with whom Clark frequently collaborates.
Clark's technique is to search for
simple equations (a successful graduate
of UBC's first year mathematics course
could follow most of Clark's work)
which describe in a rough way- how
biological and economic factors interact. He avoids the massive computer
calculations with hundreds of variables,
which are popular with resource managers but give little insight into what is
really going on.
Clarkian insights have shattered the
aplomb of many conservationists.
Here's an example, from Clark's forthcoming book, Mathematical Bioeco-
nomics ("Catchy title, isn't it?").
Biologists believe that if there were
about 74,000 blue whales (there are now
perhaps 8,000, because of overfishing),
whalers could harvest 2,000 a year. That
is thought to be the "maximum sustain-
11 able yield." if ihe herds were larger,
competition between whales would result in higher natural mortality; if smaller, there would be fewer births — the
two effects are in balance.
Two thousand whales a year at, say,
$10,000 apiece: $20 million revenue. If
the whalers ofthe 1930s had only had
the sense, they would have limited
themselves to that and guaranteed
themselves a lifetime income of $20
million a year, right?
Wrong. Suppose they decided to harvest the whole 75,000 at once, extinguishing the species. Total revenue for
the year: $750 million. Invest that at the
modest interest rate of five percent and
you get a lifetime income of ... $37.5
million.
The example is oversimplified, of
course. It neglects the rising costs of
capturing whales when they become
sparse, for example. But Clark's detailed calculations show that the effect
is still there. He finds that the most
profitable course (for the fisherman)
usually results in fish populations well
below the level for maximum sustainable yield and that extinction is often a
real possibility.
Thus, Japan-and other nations that
press for larger whale quotas are not
stupidly brutal exploiters. They are acting, perhaps unconsciously, quite rationally. This sobering insight has been
a bit of a shock to the conservation
community — a current flurry of reports
and letters to the widely-read British
science journal Nature over Clark's
work attests to the high interest.
Clark's services are in demand, despite the fact that he is sometimes the
bearer of bad news. He is currently
serving on a committee on marine ani-
malVestablished by the UN's Food and
Agricultural Organization and, on a
U.S. President's Council on Environmental Quality, and is doing a study for
the Canadian government, on the likely
effects ofthe 200-mile fishing limit. He
has written more than 15 articles and
still another book on management of renewable resources.
A native of Vancouver, he graduated
from UBC in 1953 with a BA and got his
PhD from the University of Washington
in 1958, the year he joined the UBC
faculty. He has just returned from a
year's study leave in Australia and is
now working to refine his fisheries management theories.
What is it that makes this kind of resource management so difficult? "The
problem with fisheries," Clark
explained, "is that no one owns the
stocks. The forests are owned by the
people who exploit them, so they don't
make many errors.... But fishermen are
competing for the same resource, and
what one fisherman does influences
others."
The simplest theory of the exploita-
12
tion of this kind of "common property
resource," he said, is that each fisherman will try to maximize his "rent, "an
economic term meaning simply the excess of revenues over costs. Since unit
costs are lower if fish are plentiful, the
maximum rent principal says fishermen
should maintain stocks at a level, even
higher than that which produces the
maximum yield.
Two things foul up this simple picture: If fish stocks are at the rent-
maximizing level, so that fishermen are
making money hand over fist, others
will want to become fishermen too, upsetting the balance. The second thing is
the "discounting" of future earnings, illustrated in the example of the blue
whale.
Clark has shown that if the available
interest rate (corrected for inflation) is
bigger than twice the maximum rate at
which the population can increase, and
if there is still money to be made by
catching the last surviving stocks, then
extinction will occur. For the blue
whale, with a reproductive potential of
five to 10 percent a year, and discount
rates running about 20 per cent in the
whaling industry, the situation would be
grave indeed, were it not for the present
moratorium on hunting that species.
In contrast, anchovies have a much
larger reproductive rate and would
seem to be relatively safe from the discounting trap. Yet, the Peruvian anchovy fishery, for a brief time the
world's largest commercial fishery, collapsed in 1972, a combined result of
heavy fishing and a biological aberration
— a change in ocean currents reduced
the amount of nutrients available.
Peru's policy makers, said Clark, did
not listen to the warnings of biologists
and resource management experts —
having let the fishing fleet grow to an
enormous size it would have been very
difficult to drastically limit catches
when the current shift occurred.
Clark has also developed the
mathematics to handle many of the
complications that characterize real
fisheries: The presence of more than
one species (whalers, who would
otherwise have stopped hunting blue
whales when their numbers got low,
kept on killing them because they were
still able to make money by catching fin
whales at the same time); the effect of
interspecies competition (which can
wipe out whole populations, particularly when combined with man's efforts); the presence of fish of different
ages and sizes in the same population;
the effect of complex fishing policies,
such as "pulsed" fishing. But analysis,
he admits, still has its limitations. The
biggest problem is getting accurate data.
Take the halibut, for example, the
West Coast's second largest fishery
after the salmon. The population is
complex, with members up to 20 years
y
old and 400 pounds in weight (all iouj
these are increasingly rare) and t iefih
range over a half million square p les
ocean. There are wide swings n
catches and "the biologists aren qm ;
sure what's happening," he said Th^I <••
there is the tuna, which Clark -, c|n I
rently studying for the InterAm i\\$%Ui
Tropical Tuna Commission. Bioogis^f^
don't know the mortality of the a n
can't even tell reliably how old a v
men is and are hampered by the
ture's fragility — if you catch a id
one, it is very likely to die froti
shock. "If you know the biology,
you can build the right structui»
your equations. They have mode s,
they're very ad hoc... It'scurve-f
you take the data, fit a curve and
your teeth."
One of the most basic difficulties
how to incorporate intangible van
such as the scientific and aesthetic
portance of preserving a spea
"These things are not quantifiable,
the conservationist says, quantifiable
not, you have to take them into
count "'
He said he plans to spend much of
time in the coming year thinking
how to regulate the fishing industry
control capacity and yet maintain
free enterprise competitiveness
"keeps the fishermen on their toes."
an example of the subtleties invol
he recalled the bumper year B.C.
mon fishermen had in 1973: except!
runs and the highest ever prices. If
system had been unregulated, the
of the fishermen would have been s
led by newcomers anxious to cash
But because permits are required
didn't happen. However the exi
fishermen took their fat profits and
vested in bigger boats and better eq
ment and the fleet capacity incri
anyway, to a certain extent wiping
the gains of the permit program, w
had succeeded in reducing the fleet
by about a third.
In the future, Clark sees some of thi
biggest problems not in the scientifk
area but in the area of institutions. Thi
International Whaling Commission isar
example. Long controlled by commer
cial motives it has now moved, in thi
face of declining catches and public
pressure, to protect many species and
may yet declare a complete monitor^
um. "It was a victory for the scientists
and conservationists," he said. ''But
the IWC has exactly the same members
and constitution as in the past. My que*
tion is, is it going to continue to work'
At a recent U.N. meeting on marine
resources in Bergen, Norway, he tried
to raise the issue, but it was an ide i,
said, that they didn't seem quite reads'
for yet.D
ib
TimPadmore, BA '65, (PhD, Stanford),
is science writer for the Vancouver Sun. Wtof s It lite to b© a first year styefent at UBC?
Eleanor Wachtei
ifOrn
{ihot
lurta
,n$cho.
500
j.fflinu
k e
tlBC
"the e
'{ions
ihe v
■' Al
;et,
can,
«boi.
ibiev
ings
ost of us, wrote Ivan Illich inDe-
!ing Society, "The right to learn is
led by the obligation to attend
I." Each year, nonetheless, about
people commit themselves to a
<um of four years of such activity
iroling as first year students at
What do they hope to gain from
perience? What are their expecta-
ind how do these stand up under
*ar and tear of university life?
ng with their toothbrush, typewri-
rsd T-shirts, incoming students
their baggage of goals and myths
university life. And however
.irned, briefed and advised by sibl-
friends. Jerry Rubin and the
media, they remain vulnerable. The
sprawling campus, the elusive professors, the sudden vagueness of requirements and expectations produce mild
disorganization and soul-searching.
A student comes to UBC expecting to
meet many people; this is considered a
big part of the educational process.
After a month or two, unless he or she
lives on campus, it is realized with a
touch of disappointment, even defen-
siveness, that "no, I see mostly my
friends from high school," "no. I haven't gotten around to joining any
clubs," and "well, no, ! haven't been to
the new anthropology museum. I tend
to hang around where my classes are."
Limits have their positive side and the
university is seen as being of more manageable size than it first seemed.
Personal limitations may be more
difficult to reconcile. The realization
that "there's a helluva lot more people
smarter than I am than I thought there
were" is combined with the recognition
that the onus for academic initiative is
on the student. "Teachers don't make
you do things; it's up to you, and self-
motivation is not easy."
Not surprisingly, students find motivation easiest when the professor is
dynamic. Behind the responsive student is an energetic instructor. And the
faculty are generally well-regarded de-
13 spite the student's sense of distance and
relative anonymity.
Still feeling their way and perhaps a
little insecure, many first year students
claim a marked preference for concrete
and applicable subjects. "I like something I can see right in front of me or that
relates to me." One student, for example, liked her biology class where a
heart had been presented for study far
better than physics which she felt she
could only memorize, not understand.
Social activities are restricted for
two-thirds of the frosh by the age 19
drinking cut-off. Said one, "I was looking forward to all the social life here and
one big reason why I haven't been (involved) was because I was underage but
now finally I've turned 19. The trouble
is my friends are still underage which
makes things very difficult. I really feel
that if you're not 19 your social life is
pretty bare." Unanimous opinion is that
social life must be sacrificed for
academic priorities, or perhaps it only
seems that way around exam time. . . .
These observations are informed by
the views of eight entering students,
four women and four men. They were
interviewed first during registration
week in September and then again about
six weeks later, as they faced the round
of midterm examinations. Their number
includes a foreign student (a group
which comprises just under 1% of the
1975-76 first year enrolment), a Canadian from outside B.C. (3.2% ofthe total
first year student body), and three B.C.
students from outside Vancouver
(29.2% ofthe total). Similarly, the faculties of arts, science, education, and agriculture are represented. In the end,
their candor is more revealing than a
wealth of statistics.
'"Sometimes it can get really depressing especially when the work starts to
pile up, which it does pretty often."
Judith Allsopp, an 18-year old from
Guyana, is enrolled in arts. She came to
Vancouver two years ago, living with an
uncle while finishing high school in anticipation of going to university.
"Pretty well all along I knew I wanted
to go to university. My father had
studied in England and he talked about
what you can learn. He was probably
the driving force, wanting all of us in the
family to go. I am the eldest and the
first."
Judith hasn't decided on a career yet
but expressed a preference for anthropology. Her interest developed
through reading and anthropology's po-
14
tential usefulness for Guyana. As well,
she favors 20th century history, finding
it "really interesting because you're
learning things you can relate to, that
happened almost in your lifetime."
Judith regards most of her teachers as
very good; none are dull. "They are different from high school because they
don't discipline you. You don't really
get to know your teacher here; he
doesn't get to know you. You just sit
there and he gives you information but
he doesn't know whether you are getting it or not. Most of your classes are
200 or more so it is rare for him to remember who you are. But you do get to
know your T.A. (teaching assistant) as
the discussion groups are much smaller.
"And teachers expect a lot from you.
That, I think, is one ofthe main things
that is hard to get accustomed to, the
amount of work you have to do, the
number of books to be read."
But learning is a primary goal. In that
first week her hopes were "that by the
time I leave here I will have learnt a lot,
not just educationally, but in general. I
think it's going to be good."
The optimism is tempered now with
the weight of work and the limited
arenas for social contact. "When I registered I didn't really know what it was
all about. To me now it is almost, like a
little city or town: you just run from here
to there. I spend most of my time on
campus at the dorm or my classes. You
"By the time I leave here !
will have learnt a lot, not
just educationally, but in
general.! think it's going to
be good. "
- Judith Allsopp
"It's more work than I've
done even in college and!
thought that was a lot of
work."
- Robert Fleming
can live here comfortably and not
realize there's anything out there."
There is a subtle sadness. "I find it is
not as easy to make friends as in r.
school because your classes are so
much bigger and you're always rushing
from place to place. It is only in residence where you meet people often
enough to get to know them. Othc rwise
on this campus, when you meet some
one once, you never see them again."
Robert Fleming and Janet Holland
have interestingly parallel career^ going
into university. Both are from Vernon
B.C., and two years have elapsed since
they attended high school. Now both
are enrolled in agricultural scienc s-
At the end of grade 12 Robert de>. ided
to go to university. But he took acvuple
of years off to work and, undecided
what program to follow, did a yi-.-r °> "Sure you learn things for
I the sake of the job you
want to get but it's
[Interesting too just to know
more, be more
knowledgeable about
things, and have
something to talk about
besides the weather."
- Janet Hadland
genera! courses at Okanagan College.
Last March he met a fellow in the agriculture department at Vernon "who
had studied agriculture and engineering
and now had a good job. Well, it's a
government job — 1 suppose it's good.
"He kind of gave me the seed.
Whether 1 continue with it or not will
depend on how I do. But 1 didn't want to
oe a carpenter or plumber or something.
Agriculture seemed interesting and a
developing field so there would be a lot
pfjobs, (an underbreath of"! hope"). If
it ail fails, 111 just farm myself. But 1
wanted to learn a little more than just
how io plant something.
"Vv's 1 hope university leads to a job;
' suppose everybody hopes that. I'm
not s.;re what business or government
wpect in the way of degrees, (if you
neec! a Masters or whatever), but I'll
find out. i don't want tojust take a B.A.
and be a plumber like I wasn't going to
be before."
School has meant attending classes
and studying at home. Robert lives in a
basement suite off campus, has a network of friends outside UBC, and a
girlfriend back in Vernon. He feels
somewhat insulated but didn't anticipate "any great things socially. I didn't
expect to come here and meet a lot of
people and make a lot of new friends.
I've got a fair number of friends now.
You spread yourself thin if you go to see
25 people."
Study and a sprinkling of sports take
priority. There is a feeling of being behind, especially with the onset of midterms. "It's more work than I've done
even in college and I thought that was a
lot of work. But there it was easier to get
help from the faculty. With only 60 or 70
students in science and three or four
profs, you could see them anytime.
Here it is going to be harder to get information, to find the profs — 1 found
one guy once."
It was last January that Janet Hadland, after working with horses for two
years as a riding instructor, decided that
"there wasn't much of a future in that,
and that I'd like to get a university education." Building on her experience
with and enjoyment of animals, she enrolled in agricultural sciences with the
intention of focusing on animal nutrition, especially horses.
UBC has one of the highest proportions of female students in its agriculture program of any Canadian university, with this year's incoming class including-more women than men. Like
many, Janet isjob-oriented but she feels
the professors are "trying to better
everyone's education. Sure you learn
things for the sake of the job you want to
get but it's interesting too just to know
more, be more knowledgeable about
things, and have something to talk about
besides the weather."
As for the transition from work to
university, Janet thinks it's easier to
enter straight from high school. "Maybe
you have a better idea of what you want
if you come from work — you don't
come because someone is telling you
but because you want to — and maybe
you get more out of it that way, but you
don't remember that much from school,
I find. You need to get used to studying
again."
At the end of high school, however,
Janet thought about university and felt
she wasn't ready to go. All her immediate family had graduated from
UBC but Janet thought, "I might have a
future in something else rather than just
being like everybody else and going to
university. I wanted to be a little different. Yes, it is sort of a let-down to
think: Oh well, I'm like everyone else in
the world, I'm going to university."
That bit of ethnocentrism is not rare.
Six weeks later, the university itself
"doesn't seem quite such a madhouse,"
and Janet doesn't regret joining what
she thinks of as the flock. "I'm happy I
came. It's debatable how I would have
planned my life if I was doing it al! again.
But I'm glad I got here — eventually. I
enjoyed what I did before too, but it is
quite acceptable being a student. There
are many things it wouldn't be as nice to
be. It's pretty boring just going to work
or something; the novelty wears off
pretty fast and so far the novelty hasn't
worn off here. Maybe five years from
now it wil! have but right now it hasn't."
Kirsty Gourlay had considered waiting a year after high school in order to
"It's really broadening my
horizons a lot.... I'm getting
into extra lectures, subjects
outside my courses. And
just picking people's brains.
That is what I think one of
the main purposes of a
university is — to have
knowledge around for
people to acquire."
- Kirsty Gourlay
15 ±j£
going lo
"I figured if I could get a
better education, I could
probably get a high-paying
job. I'm going to try to get
into medicine."
- John Tan
feel surer about what she wanted to do.
"But then 1 decided to go now and see
what it's all about." From Lethbridge,
Alberta, she had attended boarding
school on Vancouver Island and was
familiar with both B.C. and dorm life
which she resumed. Not surprisingly
then, she has thrown herself most enthusiastically into the social and extracurricular life at UBC.
"I've been to a few movies, dances,
theatre. I've joined the sailing club and
tried out for one ofthe plays, but wasn't
accepted. I was told 1 was too young.
Now it would have been OK if I wasn't
good enough, but I don't agree with
being too young — that's prejudice. If
I'm old enough to be here then I'm old
enough to do the things that are here.
"But with so many people doing so
many different interesting things, it
could never be dull here." Does she expect intellectual stimulation, new ideas?
"Of course! Isn't that what it's all about?" And the following month: "It's
really broadening my horizons a lot. For
instance,! was never interested in sciences before but I'm beginning to recognize them as a valuable part of society
now. I'm getting into extra lectures,
subjects outside my courses. And just
fe
picking people's brains. That is what I
think one of the main purposes of university is — to have knowledge around
for people to acquire."
This generalist approach is consistent
with Kirsty's as yet undefined career
goals and the view that being a perennial
student might be an attractive idea at
least until her objective become clarified. "There are lots of things I want to
do other than go to school but those' will
all come. At this point in my life I want
to be at university."
From the diffused to the focused.
John Tan is a science student whose
family, (they immigrated to Vancouver
four years ago), always wanted him to
further his education at university. "1
didn't mind; 1 figured if I could get a
better education, I could probably get a
high-paying job.    I'm
get into medicine."
John lives at home, corn mi
UBC by car pool, cats lunch in H
with friends from high school
within this orderly routine. Job
press ions of UBC arc chany
didn't think life would get so
Running around between classe:
you get home you're too tired a
have to do your homework. It
tightens up. (The teeth grit.) Yi.
to arrange yourself according n
tain schedule or you find you kt -p tdljj§en
ling behind at school work, ; d ^ lion
teachers don't really care sin*, the Pro1
don't see you on a one-to-one basis asii ^
high school. §°[
"It's a lot harder than I'd expected Pe0
When the professor asks: 'Oh do yoi ^
have any questions,' a lot of people an 'ere
too lost to figure out if they have a ques ^v
tion. Faculty make the assumption tha Petl
you know what they're talking about."    f
Like many off-campus students, Joht ^
seldom stays to work or socialize a sc"
UBC during evenings or on weekend! ^
despite acknowledged distractions a w^:
home. Regardless of initial discourage
ment though, John is determined. "
think university is good. I just needti f10
learn to discipline myself, to get ad
justed to life out here."
When first interviewed, Gu
Heywood, of North Vancouver
thought he might want to be a mathema
tics major. He had enrolled in Arts One Fr
because of a wish to avoid "the factor
syndrome that is still quite prominent,
the oversize classes that had caused ^
friends to drop out of university.
A month later Guy described math
his most difficult subject. "I was p
wil
5rob-|to
"When you're in a class of
130 it's really not a matter
of competition with anyone
else or any relationship
with the teacher at all. It's
really just with-yourself."
- Guy Heywood
16 '"^ly ,i > arts student by the time grade 12
1 |3(Tje   ut I kept up in math and did very
!,|ell.   ,!»w f can't apply it to anything
, v | !,;JlKj I >i in a minority amongst science
j   ' \tude- is In my math class. I'm not only
Yiloidt ng as well, I've lost interest in it.
,   '1 .kayt   it is due to the loss of competi-
■^ , Hon   ■''hen you're in a class of 130, it's
uh L'leally lot a matter ot competition with
d  ^ 001''' e'se or any relationship with the
l(1(j(   each, r at all. It's really just with.your-
.,    Thi • reliance on sell" is a common ex-
p f.i  ierierce, but the notion ofthe stimula-
i(j (1   jon which a sense of direct competition
. ,(,,' jrovides was unique to Guy. Further,
s as i' te fou nd interaction in some discussion
group-, to be lacking. "There are only 12
■cttiil Pe°P^c m ooe c'ass an£" I do a lQt °f the
,i Vo, talking. Nobody else seems to be in-
,jear terested in it at all and that gets me
down. The teacher is technically com-
t but passive."
Guy also felt that socially, university
t not even be as good as high
. In any event,although he spends
t all his time with old friends, he
rushed by a fraternity. This year he
play on their hockey team, perhaps
g next year when he feels "a little
mature and can handle the work
If anything is going to suffer now
^because of my bad work habits, it might
if as well be my social life."
Originally Guy expected to go on to
y*jgraduate school. Now, "I've got to
evaluate what I'm actually doing, how
ma much of an education I want and what
I'm going to use it for. My biggest problem I find is initiative. I didn't really
have it built into me as a kid so I've got
ti) work on it now. I'm having second
thoughts about how long I'll last, not
how long I'd like to spend here. I'd like
"ob- to stay around, but I might get in over
my head."
One thing he was sure about was that
he wouldn't remain in an arts program;
he'd switch into commerce or education. The closer he looks at comr ?rce,
however, the more he favors education.
And although he likes the idea of a practical base, he wants to take courses that
interest him. In the distance is the possibility of law school.
Wally Wiebe graduated from high
school in Abbotsford in 1969, the recipient of two university scholarships but
cho:=e to travel instead, " to get it out of
my system." Last July she returned
from her most extensive world trip. She
had been struck by school conditions in
Indonesia, Fiji, and Samoa, where educate >n is a considerable expense for the
average person. She observed that
many classes were taught by relatively
unskilled teachers., some "almost chiJ-
drer themselves." Wally then decided
to'become a primary school teacher.
The idea was to travel but this time in a
use'lil capacity, perhaps to teach in an
underdeveloped country through
CUSO. Since most of her savings were
consumed on her last trip, she planned
to work part-time as a B.C. Tel. long
distance operator.
During registration, Wally sensed it
might be difficult to stay in one place,
"but with a specific goal in mind I can
make myself stay." The university itself
would be an exciting adventure: "I'm
going to be completely open to whatever is offered here — there's so much. I
looked through the book and nearly
went wild: what am I going to take! It's
restricted by course requirements but
I'd like to get as much out ofthe courses
as I can possibly wring out of them."
But then, weeks later, "I had too
idealized a picture of it all. I don't know
if I'm going to stick to four years. Now
it's just one year, let's see how I do. If I
think of four years I want to quit. If I
think of one year I'm still wanting to
quit, so I'm looking at a day at a time
because otherwise it's just too big to
look at for me, I'll feel defeated. I'll see
at the end of first year if I want to continue.
"This was my first week in an elementary school to see if I like the system and
I enjoyed it but I no longer want to do it.
That's my first impression that I don't
want to be a teacher. So the first time
out it's already given me a negative
view. If I stayed on, I would try secondary education or linguistics or something to do with travel, like anthropology. I'm just having second thoughts
about teaching."
Only slightly over three per cent of
year one students are over 25. Wally has
a sister five years her junior and so feels
comfortable with that age group.
Nonetheless, largely because of the
demands of her job, the 26-year old feels
she doesn't spend enough time on campus to get to know people well. She feels
"sort of alienated, on the periphery, in
and out, not really in or out, sitting on
the fence which isn't ideal." (She hopes
to cut down her job commitments after
Christmas, and, if she is at UBC next
year, not to work at all over the winter.)
This sense of ambiguity manifests itself in role identification as well. "I haven't quite adjusted to the fact that I'm a
full-time student." If she were at a party
and was asked what she did, what would
be the response?
"It would depend on the context. If I
was with a bunch of working people I'd
emphasize the work and if with students, the school But no, I still prefer to
be considered part of the working
class."
Why? "Well, looking at the students
around me, for example in my English
class, I feel that I'm a lot stupider than
most people in basic intelligence or
common knowledge —- say in relation to
books. Less is expected of me if I say
I'm a worker than a student. Standards
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17 "I'm a little disappointed.
I'm finding that UBC is
somewhat too rigid,
tending to diannei
students quite early.... I'd
like to see more of a liberal
education encouraged,
especially among first year
students."
- Jack Hittrich
are lower, I'm less critically judged;
maybe I just feel inferior."
Here is a woman who was confident,
assured, and articulate, but in the interim has had the wind knocked out of
her sails. Still she is enthusiastic about
the learning process, about the classes;
she"d love to attend lectures and follow
up interests, grow without conflicting
demands. "I'm happy here during the
week, when I'm attending lectures, but
on weekends, every weekend 1 make up
my mind to quit. Then when I'm back in
class I wonder why I consider leaving.
But weekends, I just hate it, the thought
of coming back here. As soon as I'm
back, I'm glad." *
Jack Hittrich was well-prepared for
university. He lived near-by, was famil
iar with the campus since his mother
was a student at UBC just a few years
ago. His high school operated on a
university-style flexible schedule.
"Since grade eight I've been very conscious of university and its various degrees and I've been planning my future
more or less since then. I'm expecting a
lot from UBC: I view university as sort
ofthe place for me and I imagine I'll be
devoting many years to it.
"I'm enrolled in the faculty of arts but
wp. sivv^; v vi?!kst; \^yyyy\  £.& v<
18
with all science courses to keep in 0pl
tions open as much as possible Fni'
planning on going into medicine pdt
tially because of home pressure \ here
my family envision my becoming. dot'
tor, and 1 guess I want to live ;.p t0
.that."
Jack didn't find his courses difficult {i
if anything, they turned out to be ( asieil
than he expected. But he did find himij
self turning away from science tov ards!l1
the humanities and social sciences
medicine receding for the rnomeir. He
would like to take more arts courses
next year.
"I'm a little disappointed. I'm firiding
that UBC is somewhat too rigid, tending
to channel students quit early, and it
does limit you. I'd like to see more of a
liberal education encouraged, especially among first year students. I get the
feeling there are too many would-be
technocrats, too many people who
come to UBC intending to go into
medicine or engineering and it's basically only a means to getting some
place. Most are hard-working but lack
insight or real sense of value of what
education is or should be. It's a shallow
approach.
"I don't find UBC stimulating
enough. That may sound very arrogant
I don't really know what I'm looking for
but — in a way I do 1 guess, and that isto
be saturated with new ideas, to be really
turned on, and I'm getting that in two of
my courses as these have such outstanding professors. If I were to go to Harvard, Princeton, Stanford, one of the
University of California campuses, my
chances of getting good profs would increase so in that respect a university like
that would be better. Perhaps I'm too
severe in my attitude.
"What I would like to do actually is
not continue my education at UBC. I
would prefer a smaller, more prestigious university and perhaps a degree in
social science. At the moment I'm
thirsty for knowledge and I really can't
limit myself to one area."
In the first year 3.7 per cent, on avei-
age, of the new students drop out,
perhaps twice that number fail; and almost 10 per cent transfer in and out of
faculties. Within a faculty, about 15-20
per cent change programs. With students re-evaluating their position alter
only six weeks, certainly their moods
and minds will change many times in :he
next few years. It would be interesting
to hear from them in four years v,nd
again in ten. Now that would be a stu.'y □
Eleanor Wachtel is a Vancouver tr/vv/
and broadcaster.
* At press time, we learned that WoJh
Wiebe has left university to re-join '.he
ranks ofthe gainfully employed andv is
therefore not available for a photograph. "LJ3C LIQUOR SALES HALTED
FOR 'STUDENT DRUNKENNESS'"
announced the headlines in late
October.
"Vandalism, drunkenness and
dangerous driving by University of B.C.
students has resulted in a one month
suspension (self imposed by the Alma
Ma'er Society) of ail undergraduate
liqror outlets on campus...."
What's this? Liquor, demon booze...
on campus? A licensed pub in the Student Union Building? Yes, indeed —
recent innovations all, and ones which
today's  students  apparently  can't
Murray McMillan
handle any too well.
But can it be any fun drinking in The
Pit (as the SUB pub is called), or in the
Lethe (pronounced Lethay), the Alma
Mater Society's licensed lounge, named
after the river of forgetfulness in Greek
mythology? What of the hunt for the
elixir itself and the nefarious pleasures
of consuming it in circumstances on the
borderline ofthe law?
All manner of campus characters
have taken on the challenge ofthe hunt
and chug-a-Iug with great devotion over
the years, but few (although the
sciencemen-cum-engineers may dis
pute it) have approached the occupation
with greater fervor than UBC's journalists. Pubbing was the occupation,
Publications (with a capita! P, as in the
Publications Board) was the avocation
(although the terms occupation and avocation could easily be interchanged),
and taken together they produced
Pubsters: the ever-eager — either to
write or drink — staff of The Ubyssey.
Who else could be better historians of
campus drinking habits?
"When I put in my freshman year in
'22-'23, UBC was still located at Fair-
view, on the grounds of Vancouver
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20
Genera! Hospital. B.C. still had prohibition, and to get your liquor you tried to
take out a nurse from VGH in the hope
that she might bring some medicinal alcohol with her," recalls Alan Morley,
veteran Vancouver journalist and author of the history of Vancouver.
Milltown to Metropolis. "The amount
of laboratory and hospital alcohol that
went into UBC students in those days
was very large indeed."
By the time Morley returned to UBC
a few years later to resume his studies
after wandering around the world, prohibition had ended, and a new B.C. institution, the beer parlor, was, as he
puts it, "in full flower-" Some would
contend the flower has been wilting ever
since.
Now isolated on the new Point Grey
campus, students had to make a Great
Trek in the opposite direction, into the
downtown area, if they wanted a legal
cooling brew. The beer parlors were in a
circuit, of sorts, Morley recalls — down
Granville from False Creek to the harbor, then out along Hastings and Cordova to Main Street, then back south
along Main. "At one time there were as
many as 37 of them, and it used to be a
favorite occupation to get four or five
fellows together and start at one end of
that loop and see if you could make all
37, having one drink in each."
Names like the Travellers, the Stanley,the Fountain, the Palace, the Manitoba, and the matriarch of the student
pubs, the Georgia, spring to Morley's
lips — some respectable establishments, others wild hangouts for Skid
Road and sea-going types who created
an atmosphere of excitement and
danger which appealed to the students.
But those were the spots for a glass of
suds. Where did a fellow go when he
needed something a little stronger to
calm his nerves before or after exar, in,
tion or some equally tortuous occas on
He went to his favorite bootleg^. ;i\
that's where, and usually got introd
to more than just hard liquor. It w is
places like "Big Marie" Lyons' andi
Lady Caroline's establishments thai
much young innocence was lost. I. ooi
leggers abounded, many of them ■ vere'
women, and most kept a girl or tw )oir
the premises so that several v icesi
could be satisfied in a customer's one'
stop.
The bootleg joints, as they vere!
known, thrived well into the 1950s, bui
they didn't have an exclusive hold
the crowd that likes something stro
than beer. Night spots such as the
Trianon, the Alma Academy and par
ticularly La Fonda, in the Fourth and
Alma area, catered to the UBC student
and advertised their "dancing every
night" establishments in The Ubysse\
The booze was carefully spirited into1
the spots in purse or brown bag, or, as
one veteran put it, sometimes by the
suitcase load. La Fonda was a place
where you could have a great evening
on an 85-cent bottle (a mickey of course)
of Silver Fizz gin, recalls Stuart Keate
now publisher of The Vancouver Sun
but in those days an ardent Ubysso
editor.
The trend changed to private parties
in the mid- 1930s, historian Morley says
and for many years UBC drinking habits
centered on pubs and parties. Through
it all there was one constant, the put)
that everyone who is asked about old
drinking spots mentions in his or her
first sentence: The Georgia.
From the end of prohibition to its clo
sure in 1962, the Georgia Hotel'-
downstairs beer parlor was the UBC
hangout, a spot where in its early davi
the manager knew half the student bod\
by name. It was also the site of numei
ous hijinx, the place where a fellow
would leave the room, come back and
tell one person at a table "the phones
for you" — then hand him the phone
freshly ripped off the wall.
Today the old Georgia pub is a sedate
lounge, its mock Olde English decor resounding with chatter of Howe Street
stock dealings and lawyers' arguments
rather than students' philosophical de
bates or rugby songs. (Beer is also $ 1.2^
a bottle rather than 10 cents a glass
which it was then).
When the clock in the Georgia inched
around to a quarter to midnight, he
scramble for further action was on
"The best parties always began at he
Georgia," Jim Banham, a former Ub>s
sex editor, recalls of his student drink
ing days in the late '40s. "The last th ng
one did before you left was to buy a
six-pack — if you had the money."
If there wasn't a private party to go o
there were places like the Embavs\
ballroom   on   Davie   Street.   All in
(Continued on P. 21, following in. ertif ;i c
S       I
Si fil
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UBC's Westwater Research Centre recently completed its first major
study — an investigation of the Lower Fraser River from Hope to the
sea. UBC Reports interviewed Westwater director Prof. Irving Fox,
left., about the Fraser study and the'future activities of the centre. See
Pages Two aod Three.
UBC and-the Okanagan
The focus is on the Okanagan area of British Columbia on Pages Eight
through Eleven of this issue' of UBC Reports. The interior' district
stretching from the American border at Osoyoos to Salmon Arm has
been the scene of many UBC continuing education courses and is a
fruitful area for research as well.
~  ind Comadion Literature
.CPa ftLffl rT"'.t
Ei  J5E3,    TEI3
One of Canada's most successful "little magazines" is Canadian
Literature, which has been published by UBC for the past 17 years.
Part of its success is due to the energy and talents of Dr. George
Woodcock, left, who is himself one of Canada's best-known writers.
See Pages Fourteen and Fifteen. UBC's Westwater Re .. _entre,
established in 1971, completed its first
major study earlier this year — an
investigation of the condition of the
Lower Fraser River from the town of
Hope to the sea. The centre's findings
were published in a book entitled The
Uncertain Future of the Lower Fraser.
UBC Reports talked to Westwater
director Dr. Irving Fox about the
Fraser study and the future aetlwities
of the centre.
UBC REPORTS: What were the
asms of Westwater in studying the
Lower Fraser?
PROF. FOX: To provide a
foundation for two things — first, for
the improvement of policies relative to
pollution and, second, to suggest ways
of improving the institutional
arrangements — the legal and
administrative arrangements — for
managing the Lower Fraser.
UBCR: In general terms, what
condition is the Lower Fraser in?
PROF. FOX: If we limit the
question to pollution,- the Lower
Fraser was found to be in surprisingly
good shape. One reason for this is that
it's a remarkably big river — the third
largest in Canada — and has the
capacity to take quite a lot by way of
insults.
But there's a dark cloud on the
horizon — that's why the phrase
"uncertain future" was used in the
title of our research report. The Fraser
is receiving large amounts of toxic
material from a number of sources,
including sewage treatment plants,
storm sewers, industrial plants and
run-off from urban and' rural lands,
either through river tributaries or from
farms that border directly on the river.
UBCR: Can you be specific about
the sources of toxic materials reaching
the river?
PROF. FOX: We know that the
major sources of pollution are
associated with urban-industrial
development. But we don't have a
good handle on the significance of the
discharges to the river by industries
because there are no good records of
the quality of such effluent.
Industries such as metal finishing,
which use toxic materials in their
processing activities, are undoubtedly
an important source.
Sewage treatment plants are
another obvious source, since not all
the toxic materials are removed when
sewage is treated. There are other
complicating factors, for example, the
Iona Island plant south of Vancouver
receive* run-off from both sanitary
and storm sewers.
When a rainstorm hits Vancouver —
and that's fairly frequently at this time
of year — the Iona plant can't handle
the volume of material reaching it. The
plant has a by-pass system in periods
of heavy run-off which results in
quantities of raw sewage reaching the
river before undergoing treatment.
I don't think people realize how
many pollutants reach the river
through storm sewers. For instance,
most of the lead that reaches the river
comes from urban run-off. It reaches
the streets through the exhausts of
cars that use leaded gasoline. A
heavy rain simply washes it into
streams and the storm-sewer system.
While some storm sewers are
connected with treatment plants, such
plants do not remove all toxic
substances, and in the case of the Iona
plant it is necessary to by-pass the
plant when a heavy storm occurs.
UBCR: Would better treatment
plants eliminate the pollution
problems on the Lower Fraser?
PROF. FOX: To a certain extent
treatment plants will greatly reduce
bacterial pollution. But we think there
could still.be a high bacterial count in
the river because of the run-off from
lands that drain into the river, which
carry such materials as animal wastes
that cause bacterial pollution.
Also, there appear to be
cross-connections, probably
inadvertent, between domestic and
storm sewers in the Lower Mainland,
and this isn't helping to keep the river
clean.
UBCR: Can you summarize the
report's recommendations.
PROF. FOX: 1 think our most
important recommendation is that
public agencies should attack the
pollution problem in a comprehensive
fashion. Such a program would include
efforts to control pollutants at their'
source and generate better data for
management purposes as well as utilize
sewage treatment plants.
Of major importance is the need to
develop a better understanding of the
aquatic ecosystem so that the effects
of pollution, in the Song and short
runs, can be estimated more precisely.
We recommend that the Greater
Vancouver Regional District — the
organization representing the cities
and municipalities bordering on the
river — launch a study to find the
specific sources of toxic discharges so
i r
\)
\z
"C
PROF. IRVING FOX
they can be controlled at source
never get into the sewer system,
already mentioned the metal-finis
industry in this regard and thi
some evidence that the City
Vancouver is taking steps to co"
toxic materials from this source.
UBCR: What about the IonaIsi
problem?
PROF. FOX: We ask that a
study be made of the by-pass
that    combines   sanitary   and
sewers.   One   device   that   mightf
considered is a system of storing!
in the sewer system during a storm
then    letting    it   out    in    control
amounts after the storm is over
The report also contains sf
suggestions for incentives to peo
and industry to keep toxic matei
out of the river. We mention econoi
incentives — almost automatic pen!
systems — for those who disclii
toxic materials that will evenM
reach the river.
2/UBC Reports i;^:;@
'1
,.s?
gCK: Ss there a need for some
^11 agency to co-ordinate a
ange program for the river?
J^QF FOX: The problem is one
.the Greater Vancouver Regional
net.    Its    member    cities    and
tcipalities have to  come  to grips
»ithe realities of the situation.
shjne of the interesting things about
ol of the river is that the various
of    government    involved    —
provincial,   and   municipal —
o-oidinated   to  the  extent   that
don't  overlap   and   each  knows
the other is doing. What is not
ing  is a comprehensive thrust
,ill   parties    to   carry   out    the
nt  studies of the kind we've
we've recommended that the
D   set    up    an    environmental
ion. department, not to take
what other levels of government
aw doing, but to add to what is
ntly     being     done    and    to
nate a comprehensive research
ro! program.
>'ve suggested that these activities
be funded by a very modest tax
on the gallonage of discharges
he river. Even a modest charge
give such an agency more
/ annually than was spent by
■ater on its study of the river.
CR:  How much die! you spend
contributed?
OF. FOX: We spent about
i,0OO over a four-year period. The
contributors were the Inland
Directorate of Environment
, the federa! Fisheries Service,
nada Council and UBC.
s a bit difficult to be precise
the number of people involved
! study. Ten people devoted
uli or part time to it and there
a substantial number of students
ved, particularly during the
sr.
participants were drawn from a
range of disciplines, including
*t/ni>ts, biologists, oceanographers,
^ncrs, economists and even a legal
\$n It was a very broadly based
/"disciplinary group.
pJBCR: Is there any evidence that
^recommendations are being taken
l>HiY?
WOF. FOX: Yes, there is. I've
^ady mentioned that the City of
'ficouver has instituted an
''Stigation to remove toxic materials
-•heir source.
*nd the provincial and federal
1 fcies  have   agreed  to  an  on-going
%
program of monitoring as a follow up
to our studies to "keep track of changes
that are continually occurring in the
river.
UBCR: You're optimistic then
about the Lower Fraser's future.
PROF. FOX: I'm cautiously
optimistic. As a result of the
Westwater study, I don't think the
Lower Fraser will ever be the same
again. We've changed the whole
perspective on the Lower Fraser and
the various agencies are going to be
very sensitive to what we've said. I
think, too, they'll be very concerned
about being criticized for not reacting
to what we've proposed .
There's still the risk that a lack off,
action could result in a continuing
build up of toxic materials which
would result in some rather dramatic
changes in a few years. Then a long
period would have to elapse before the
river could be brought back.
And we can ill afford to allow that
to happen. The Fraser is extremely
valuable to the economy of this
province in terms of the salmon run
alone. B.C. stands to lose a great deal
if it doesn't respond to our findings.
I UBCR: Has Westwater been doing
other things while the Lower Fraser
study was going on?
PROF. FOX: Yes, we have. With
the help of a grant from the
Rockefeller Foundation, David Le
Marquand, of our staff, has been
investigating the management of
international rivers.
Over the past two years, he's been
looking at the various factors — the
politics, economics and physical
factors — that foster or inhibit
agreement on the management of four
rivers that cross international
boundaries or serve as borders between
countries.
UBCR: What were your
conclusions?
PROF. FOX: We found that
countries are motivated to agree or
disagree by a substantial number of
political and economic factors. And in
their efforts to devise agreements
between countries on the management
of rivers, the parties frequently fail to
take these motivations into account
and consider wh?t each has to do to
satisfy the needs of the other.
The study is now complete and will
be published shortly as a book. It's
also attracted the attention of the'
United Nations and we've recently
completed a paper for them on the
management of international rivers for
the Wot Id Water Conference to be held
in 1977 in Buenos Aires.
UBCR: Is Westwater planning any
additional studies?
PROF. FOX: There are two
under way.
As a result of the study on
international rivers, the Rockefeller
Foundation has asked us to look into
the role of the International Joint
Commission in dealing with
environmental problems on the border
between Canada and the U.S. We have
a grant to study the role of the UC
and determine whether there's any
way of strengthening that body as an
instrument for promoting agreement
between the two countries. This study,
incidentally, is being sponsored jointly
with UBC's Institute of International
Relations,
UBCR: You said you had two
studies underway.
PROF. FOX: We're proposing to
undertake a five-year research program
on the management of coastal
resources in B.C. It's widely felt that
the land along the sea and the waters
close to the land pose some very
special problems in the development
of policies for the wise and efficient
allocation of resources.
This delta land, and the adjacent
estuarine waters, are very sensitive and
productive in a biological sense. The
waters are valuable for fish production
and oyster beds, to name only two
factors, and the land near the water is
valuable for agriculture and as a
nesting area ' for wild fowl, for
instance.
We can't study every little inlet on
the B.C. coast, of course. Dr. William
Rees, of UBC's School of Community
and Regional Planning, is currently
going over data on the coast and
developing an overview of the current
situation and the problems that exist
By next summer we hope to have
some representative situations
identified for more intensive study.
We're also- working on the
methodologies to evaluate the
environmental effects of a given action
in a specific coastal area. By next
spring we'll move into a research
program that will look at the problems
of these areas from a policy point of
view.
We'll be working closely with the
provincial and federal governments on
this study. Ultimately, our aim is to
suggest an approach for policy
development and decision-making that
will preserve and conserve these
sensitive coastal areas.
UBC Reports/3 pS®JM w©Sc©nn@di
President Douglas T. Kenny has
welcomed the announcement by the
provincial government that it will
implement its commitment to improve
health education facilities and expand
the size of the UBC medical class.
But he has also warned that many
problems remain to be solved.
President Kenny's statement was
issued on Oct. 22, the day after
the provincial government announced
a $50 million program to improve B.C.
medica! teaching facilities.
The program includes:
9 Construction of a new 240-bed
hospital in UBC's Health Sciences
Centre;
9 Provision of new medical science
teaching space at UBC at a cost of $5
million; and
a Expenditure of more than $13
million to upgrade teaching facilities at
four Vancouver hospitals — the
Vancouver General, St. Paul's,
Shaughnessy and a new children's
hospital.
Here is the full text of President
Kenny's Oct. 22 statement:
"I am pleased that the government
is prepared to begin implementing its
commitment to improve health
education facilities and to expand the
medical class at UBC. I appreciate that
this represents a significant long-term
commitment on their part to
improving health care and health
education opportunities for the people
of the province. Many problems still
remain to be solved, however.
"The University is ready to resume
discussion with the government ofthe
conditions required to assure the
necessary academic funding for the
expansion plan. In doing this, we will
have to take into account the further
tightening of the total University
budget which has occurred since the
medica! expansion plan was first
announced last spring.
''We are also prepared
simultaneously to begin work towards
securing the required academic
approvals-at the University.
"I   hope the various problems can
be satisfactorily resolved and  that  it
will    be    possible    to   begin    moving
towards   a   phased,  expansion   of   the .
medical school in the near future."
The provincial government's Oct.
21 announcement was another link in
a chain of events that began last March
9   when   Education   Minister   Patrick
4/UBC Reports
PRESIDENT DOUGLAST. KENNY
McGeer announced that $50 million
would be available to construct a new
hospital at UBC, double the size of the
medical class and upgrade facilities at
teaching hospitals associated with
UBC's medical school.
At the request of the provincial
government, UBC prepared a
comprehensive report on the proposal
and submitted it to Victoria'within a
60-day time limit.
The UBC report was then subject to
review by a Task Force on Medical
Teaching Facilities, under the
chairmanship of A. C. L. Kelly,
former chairman of the Greater
Vancouver Regional District. The UBC
report was accepted by the task force,
which recommended the expansion of
medical teaching facilities in B.C.
The provincial government also
announced on Oct. 21 the creation of
a new project co-ordinating pommittee
to ensure that the new health science
building projects at UBC and work at
the downtown teaching hospitals
proceed as expeditiously as possible.
The co-ordinating committee,
which will also be under the
chairmanship of Mr. Kelly, wil! ensure
that personnel and equipment, both
on campus and at downtown teaching
hospitals, are available in time to serve
the increased number of medical
students.
The co-ordinating committee will
include representatives from UBC, the
Department of Education, the G
Vancouver  Regional  Hospital Distr
and    the    provincial    Department
Health (Hospital Programs).
The provincial government's
21 announcement said a new f inanci
formula had been established to "me'
the urgent need for these addition
medical educational facilities
?
The capital costs of the new UI   Par.
hospital    and   the    developments
downtown  teaching  facilities will
borne  by the provincial Departrrien   ase[
of Health and Education, the Gr.
Vancouver Regional Hospital Distrii
and  the  federal government throui
the Health Resources Fund.
The proposed expansion of the si
of the UBC medical class and cam
medical    facilities    has    yet    to
approved     by    UBC's    Faculty
Medicine,    Senate    and    Board
Governors.
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UiC receiwes
four niafor grants
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UBC has received four major gran
totalling $1,373,715 in recent montt
to aid its teaching and researt
program.
The largest single grant — $806,00  ^.
— has been made to a team of 1QUBl|Tl
economists   who   have   launched
integrated   study   designed   to throi
light on one of the least explored ara
of     modern     economics    -   th
management   of   the   world's  natun
resources.
The  Canada  Council   grant, whic
will be received over a five-year period
will provide for a wide range of studie
that   will   result   in   reports   on  sucl
topics   as   energy   policy;  petroleum
mineral,     fisheries    and    forestr
problems;     and'   the     policies
governments and industry in relatio   r"oc
to   the  exploitation   and   taxation
natural resources.
Prof.    A.    D.    "Tony"    Scott,
long-time member of the UBC faculty
and  one  of the  prime movers in till
proposal  to the Canada Council, sail
the project is unique in that it wi
the first time that any university groui
in     Canada     has     undertaken
integrated   study   of  natural  resourci
use.
He said UBC has the largest group
of economists in Canada, "and perhaps
anywhere," who are interested in th^'
economics of natural resources. "This
concentration could mean a r
breakthrough in terms of a mass atta
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ull
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lai problem of the economics of
.j.gl resources," he said.
;i,; W.   K.   Kellogg   Foundation of
,:,; Creek,   Mich.,   has approved  a
■'  v/of $265,965 to UBC to aid in
1 ,   establishment     of     a     new
'\ noiiuation    that    aims    at    further
,i0fessional     development     for
•jjcational     administrators    in    the
i>nce.
jffhe  new  organization   is the  B.C.
,nc'Suncil for Leadership in Education.
»' is   made   up   of   nearly   a   dozen
l0"'Manizations, including the provincial
'I'.pattment   of   Education,   the   B.C.
Trustees Association, UBC, the
rsity    of    Victoria    and   Simon
ser    University,     and     provincial
ociations  of school administrators.
a
fhe BCCLE plans to organize a
ies of short courses, workshops and
nferences throughout B.C. for
100I administrators.
The grant will be made to UBC over
four-year period. It is expected that
BCCLE program will then be
f-supporting through a combination
membership dues, special purpose
ants, publications income, and
rticipant fees for program services.
The third major grant of $250,000
been made to UBC's Institute of
ternational Relations for the further
lopment of research and teaching
the area of strategic studies.
Prof. Mark Zacher, director of the
stitute, said the grant will expand
jdies begun a number of years ago
id develop Canadian experts in the
ild of strategic studies.
The grant will enable the University
hire three post-doctoral fellows who
II continue research at UBC and
ach an existing course in the
epartment of Political Science.
The three post-doctoral fellows will
udy Canadian arctic and security
)licy, Canadian policy on the export
nuclear technology, and how
imand for resources affects a nation's
icurity relations.
The Law Foundation of B.C. has
lade a grant of $51,750 to the UBC
acuity of Law to expand a clinical
rogram offered to law students last
ear.
The UBC Legal Clinic, established in
eptember, 1975, operates as a regular
iw office with senior law students
'orking as lawyers for half the
diversity year.
The students are responsible for
bout 20 clients each and deal with a
ill range of legal problems from
'irninal charges to minor financial
iaims to family crises and divorce
'roblems,.
The Law Foundation grant will
nean that the clinic will be able to
^commodate 20 students per term,
P from  12  students each  term  last
3C's new Law Building was officially opened on Sept. 17 by the chief
»tice of Canada's Supreme Court, Hon. Bora Laskin, and named.for Dean
neritus George F. Curtis, right, head of the faculty from 1945 to 1971.
of. Curtis, who continues to teach in the faculty, was succeeded by Prof.
bert J. SVlcClean, centre, who was dean from 1971 until. June of this year,
ten he was succeeded by Dean Kenneth M. Lysyk, left, who at the time of
; appointment was deputy attorney-general for Saskatchewan. Dean Lysyk
no stranger to UBC, howewer. He taught at UBC from 1960 to 1970, when
resigned to become professor of law at the University of Toronto. Picture
Jim Banham.
Brine courses
start at UBC
Courses in naval architecture and
marine design engineering will be
offered as fourth-year options at UBC
as the initial stage of the development
of Canada's first professional school of
naval architecture.
Canada's shipbuilders and ship
designers now have to recruit naval
architects from the United States and
Britain, and Canadian students seeking
professional training in naval
architeeture must obtain their
schooling outside Canada.
"Seed money" to. initiate the
courses within UBC's Department of
Mechanical Engineering has come from
Canadian shipbuilders, designers and
allied industries, the provincial
government and the federal
government. This will enable the
University to make ?n immediate start
on the program by hiring a research
professor to develop curricula and
co-ordinate existing courses and
propose new ones.
Dr. James Duncan, head of
Mechanical Engineering, said the
recent construction of a $1.7 million
towing tank and manoeuvring basin at
B.C. Research on thecampus, coupled
with the expertise already available
within Mechanical Engineering, makes
UBC a logical university for the
establishment of a centre of naval
architecture. The towing tank was
financed through federal and
provincial grants.
TTswnnarget--
free treatment
Nearly 1,300 children from the
Vancouver, Surrey and Richmond
areas received free dental services
valued at more than $273,000 at a
summer clinic operated by UBC's
Faculty of Dentistry from May 31 to
July 31.
The clinic, staffed by 34 senior
dental students and 11 dental hygiene
studepts, was operated for the third
consecutive year on a grant from the
provincial Department of Health.
Dean S. Wah Leung, of the Faculty
of Dentistry, said the summer clinic
was an extremely valuable experience
for the dental students, who provided
services under the direction of UBC
faculty members.
Children treated under the program
PSease turn to Page Fifteen
SEE ROUNDUP
UBC Reports/5 DR. NORMAN WATT
Dr. Norman Watt, director of
UBC's Office of Extrasessional
Studies, has been honored for a second
time by the Western Association of
Summer Session Administrators.
Dr. Watt received the Creative
Programming Award from the
association at its annua! meeting in
Honolulu on Oct. 14 for the 1976
Olympic Field Study Program
operated as part of the 1976 UBC
Summer Session.
The program, which was run in
co-operation with the University of
Nevada, enrolled a total of 72
Canadian and. American students for a
credit course that involved a
comparative study of physical
education, recreation and athletic
programs and facilities in the public
schools and universities of four
Canadian provinces — B.C., Alberta,
Ontario and Quebec.
The students, who were instructed
by Prof. Robert Osborne, head of
UBC's School of Physical Education
and Recreation, and Prof. Jack Cook,
of the University of Nevada, visited
Vancouver, Edmonton, Toronto and
Montreal, where they held seminars
with university faculty members in
each centre and visited university and
community recreational facilities.
The month-long course from July 1
to Aug. 1 included tickets to the 1976
6/UBC Reports
Olympic Games held in Montreal,
where students had the opportunity to
meet informally with Olympic officials
and athletes.
Dr. Watt spent 31/2 years making
arrangements for the program and
accompanied the students in their
cross-Canada study. Most of the
students took the course for credit and
the balance registered as auditors.
In 1974, Dr. Watt received the
Creative Programming Award from the
same organization for his initiative in
developing a program of free summer
courses for senior citizens, which
remains a feature of UBC's annual
Summer Session.
*    *    *
Dr. S. M. Drance, head of the
ophthalmology department in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine, will give the
second   Spaeth   Memorial   Lecture   in
Philadelphia in March, 1977.
* #  *
Dean David Bates, of the Faculty of
Medicine, has taken part as an invited
participant in three recent meetings,
including a seminar to the Committee
on Pollution Abatement  Research of
Environment Canada.
He also gave an invited talk to the
Alberta Society for Internal Medicine
on 'The Post-Osier Physician," and
gave the third annual Donald F. Egan
Scientific Lecture to the American
Association for Respiratory Therapy
in Miami Beach, Florida, in November.
Dr. Bates has submitted his
resignation as dean of Medicine at
UBC. effective June 30, 1977. He wil!
continue to teach at UBC as a full
professor in the Departments of
Medicine and Physiology.
* *  *
Prof. Colin Clark, of UBC's
Department of Mathematics and
winner of the 1976 Prof. Jacob Biely
Faculty Research Prize, is the author
of a book entitled Mathematical
B io eco no m ics: The Optimal
Management of Renewable Resources,
published by John Wiley and Sons of
New York.
The book synthesizes biological and
economic principles in mathematical
models for the optimal use and
renewal of natural biological resources.
* *   *
Dr. Jorgen Dahlie, of the Faculty of
Education, has been appointed to the
editorial boards of Canadian Ethnic
Studies and the Review Journal of
Philosophy and Social Science. He also
represented Canadian historians as an
invited delegate to the Nordic
Emigration/American Bicentennial
Conference, held in Uppsala, Sweden,
in June.
* #   *
Dr. Noel Hall, of the Faculty of
Commerce      and      Business
Administration,   was   named
in
mm1
by the federal Public Service Relatj
Board   to   mediate   the   dispute
technological     change     in     Cana(
postal service.
The commerce faculty is condu
a search for a new dean to repl
Prof. Hall, who resigned as head of
faculty on June 30. He continues as igre
active member of UBC's teaching$5 ?ro'
Prof. Stanley Hamilton is acting dK
Prof. Erich Vogt, U B(
vice-president for faculty and stud
affairs, was in Ottawa on Oct. 20to
invested as an Officer of the Order
Canada by Canada's governor-gene
Hon. Jules Leger, at Governs
House.
To   honor   the   1976   birthday
UBC's  president emeritus, Dr.  Wa
Gage, the  Engineering Undergradu   !"'
Society made a gift of $200 to
Crane Library for the blind.
The library has used the funds.
purchase two special cassette machii \"
for installation in listening cam
which have been constructed to all
users of the Crane Library to listen
books and other materials recorded
standard cassettes.
Dr. Gage, who continues to ti
mathematics to UBC engineeri
students, has contributed hundreds
hours of his time to the Crane Libra m
recording difficult computer sciei
and mathematics texts for use by bli
and handicapped students who cai
read ordinary print.
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its.
Two well-known members of UB( it<
Faculty of Medicine were inducti wy
into the Most Venerable Order oftpiti
Hospital of St. John of Jerusalem;
ceremony at Government House
Victoria recently.
Named     Knights    of    Grace,  t   ogi
highest honor awarded by the order
Canada, were Dr. John F. IVScCrear
professor emeritus of health scienc
and former dean of-Medicine, and!   iS°
F.R.C.   Johnstone,   .of   the   faculty eel
Department of Surgery
Dr. McCreary was also honon
recently by the Canadian Paediatr
Society. He was named recipient
the Ross Award, the highest honor
the society, for his outstandii
contribution in the field of chil
health care.
uel
Dr. John E. Hay, associate profe
of   geography   at   UBC,   is   the
president of the 700-member Canadiaj
Meteorological Society.
*   *   *
Prof. Hugh Wynne-Edwards, head'
the Department of Geologi'
Sciences, is the president-elect of I sociation of the Scientific,
,i 'Jgineering and Technological
,edVm'nunity of Canada (SCITEC).
i *        -K-        *
dii3t;
I fhtee members of the UBC faculty
tluq' ,e   honored    by  .other    Canadian
itpf iveisities    this    year    when    they
ioficeived     honorary     degrees    at
esas'|ngiegation ceremonies.
si Professor Emerita Margaret Ormsby,
le, jrmer    head     of     the     history
'''paitment,    received    the   honorary
yn'w of Doctor of  Laws from  the
turidiversity  of Victoria; Prof. William
Ot hit,   of   the   zoology   department,
^•reived an honorary degree from St.
^ancis     Xavier     University     in
igonish,  Nova Scotia; and former
sn of Graduate Studies Dr. Ian McT.
wan was honored by the University
Waterloo,  where   he  received  the
norary     degree    of    Doctor    of
vironmental Studies.
Prof. Cowan was also honored this
■   by    the   Canadian   Society   of
logy. He was the recipient of the
Medal, awarded to a scientist who
made an outstanding contribution
knowledge and understanding in his
her field and to the development of
alogy in Canada. Prof. Hoar received
medal in 1974.
arri
ten
erj
Two UBC scholars shared the 1976
Medal for Popular Biography,
'arded annually since 1952 for the
st book by or about a Canadian
blished in the previous year.
The winners were: Prof. Margaret
ing, head of the Department of
story, for her book N. W. Rowell:
itario Nationalist, a biography of an
itario politician, constitutional
wyer and one of the founders of the
ited Church of Canada; and Dr.
urge Woodcock, editor of the UBC
urnai Canadian Literature and
thor of Gabriel Dumont, a
ography of the "adjutant-general" to
wis Riel in the 1885 rebellion.
Prof. Prang was also elected
esident of the Canadian Historical
isociation for 1976-77 at annual
eetings of the association in June in
ebec City.
*   *  #
Prof.  ASan  Cairns,  head of UBC's
rtment of Political Science, is the
J76-77   president   of   the   Canadian
"||litical Science Association.
i, *    *      x
V
"jDi. William G. Wellington, director
■^ the Institute  of Animal   Resource
V»,co'°gy»  is the president-elect of the
.'jntomological Society of Canada,
i. *   *   *
j^Piof, Gideon Rosenbluth, of the
jjepaitment of Economics, has been
carried to a 12-member consultive
cfjoup established by the Canada
''ouncil to examine and report on the
UBC zoologist Dr. William E. Neill
was the recipient recently of the
George Mercer Award of the
Ecological Society of America for the
best scientific study in the field of
ecology published in any Canadian or
American Journal in 1975. Dr. Neill
received the award for a three year
study of fresh-water invertebrates.
problems of scholarly publishing in the
humanities    and    social    sciences    in
Canada.
The group, under the chairmanship
of Prof. Ronald Baker, a former UBC
faculty member who is now president
of  the  University   of  Prince  Edward
Island, wil! examine current editorial
procedures, production, marketing and
funding  policies,   all   with   a view to
determining  how   better  use  may  be
made of existing funds and resources.
*   *   *
The new head of the Bookstore
began his duties in the summer. John
Hedgecock brings to UBC 23 years of
experience in the book industry and is
president of the National Association
of College Stores, a North American
organization  for bookstore managers.
Two new deans and a new acting
dean started their terms in the summer
as well. Dr. Warren Kitts was named
dean of Agricultural Sciences in July
after being acting dean for a year.
Kenneth Lysyk took up his duties as
the new dean of Law in July, leaving
his post as deputy attorney-general of
Saskatchewan to come to UBC.
Four new department heads and a
new director of TRIUMF also began
their terms on July 1. New head of the
Department   of   Biochemistry   is   Dr.
William Polglase. Head of the
Department of Pathology is Dr. Bawid
Hardwick. Both departments are in the
Faculty of Medicine.
The new chairman of the
Department of Bio-Resource
Engineering in the Faculty of
Agricultural Sciences is Prof. John
Zahradnik, who comes to UBC from
the University of Massachusetts.
Named as head of Creative Writing is
Prof. Douglas Bankson. Taking his
place while he is on leave of absence
this academic year is Prof. Jacob'
Zilber.
Dr. Jack Sample, a faculty member
from the University of Alberta, has
been named as the new director of
TRIUMF, a nuclear research centre on
campus, for the next three years.
Canadian-born UBC graduate Dr.
Paul C. GiSmore will become head of
the Department of Computer Science
on July 1, 1977.
Prof. Gilmore, who has also been
named a full professor in the UBC
department, succeeds Prof. J.E.L.
Peck, who wil! remain in the
department as a teacher and
researcher.
*   *  *
Prof. Walter Hardwick, currently on
leave of absence from the University as
deputy minister of education in the
provincial government, has resigned his
post as director of continuing
education at UBC.
Prof. Hardwick, who has been a
member of the UBC faculty since
1959, was appointed director of
continuing education at UBC in July,.
1975, and went on leave as deputy
minister of education for B.C. in
January of this year.
Prof. Hardwick wil! continue to
hold his academic appointment in
UBC's Department of Geography.
UBC     has     been    named    as    a
beneficiary in the will of the late Prof.
F.G.C. "Freddy" Wood, one of UBC's
first faculty members and founder of
the Players' Club, who died in June at
the age of 89.
Prof.  Wood  has   left  UBC a trust
fund of $15,000, the income from
which will be used as a grant toward
the expenses of one production yearly
in the Department of Theatre, to be
called "The Beatrice Wood
Production."
Prof. Wood was a member of the
original UBC teaching staff in 1915
and was the first native British
Columbian appointed to the faculty.
He taught in the Department of
English for 35 years until his
retirement in 1950. UBC conferred the
honorary degree of Doctor of
Literature on him in 1971.
UBC Reports/7 \y
0
feTSsuusn
Okanagan
This section of UBC Reports
foeusses on the Okanagan, an
area of the province that is
important to UBC in a variety of
ways. The valley stretching from
the American border at Osoyoos
to Salmon Arm has been the
scene of a wide range of UBC
activity over the years in terms
of continuing education, credit
programs and research.
Articles covering each of
these topics begin at right.
UBC in the Okanagan is only
one side of the coin, however.
The O'kanagan was very much a
pprt of UBC last year because of
the enrolment of 876 students
from that area on the Point Grey
campus.
There's hardly a faculty at
UBC that doesn't have its
Okanagan representative. Last
year 143 Okanagan students
registered in Arts, 179 in
Science, 162 in Education, 71 in
the health sciences —
rehabilitation medicine,
pharmacy, dentistry, nursing,
medicine and so on. Another 19
were registered in the Faculty of
Law, 32 in Forestry, 20 in
Agricultural Sciences and several
in other faculties.
What form will UBC's
presence take in the Okanagan in
the future? That's a question
that UBC's president. Dr.
Douglas SCenny, addressed
hisTsseif to recently in Kelowna
Excerpts from his speech begin
En column three on this page.
A banker in Oliver attends a seminar
on new aspects of tax legislation. A
newly-elected alderman in Kelowna
takes part in a program examining the
Municipal Act. A police officer in the
Okanagan gets one step closer to his
certificate in criminology by taking a
psychology course by correspondence.
The common thing to all these
people is UBC. People from the
Okanagan have been asking for, and
getting, opportunities to improve their
skills or upgrade their qualifications,
or just enjoy learning, for longer than
most people can remember.
Extension courses in agriculture
have probably been around for longer
than the extension department itself,
and that's 40 years, says Colleen
Bourke, communications director for
what is now called the Centre for
Continuing Education.
There's a lot more to continuing
education programs in the Okanagan
now than just agriculture courses,
although those are still offered (and
well received). In fact, UBC now has
one person stationed full-time in
Vernon co-ordinating UBC's Interior
Program, an open program of
non-credit lectures, seminars and short
courses by UBC faculty which are
designed to meet the interests
expressed by people in the area.
The Interior Program, begun last
January, has arranged more than 20
faculty visits this year on topics from
"Protein and the Sea" to "Early
Spanish Presence on the West Coast."
Well over 1,000 persons have
participated in the program so far, and
more seminars are*scheduled. Program
director John Edwards, who lives in
Vernon, expects a 50-per-cent increase
in enrolment next year as the program
becomes better known.
This year cable television
subscribers in Vernon are able to
tune in to the local cable station and
take Fine Arts 125, "The Pyramids
to Picasso," for credit. UBC's first
venture into credit television courses
has chosen Vernon as one of the few
centres where this course will be
offered. The course is also available
in Salmon Arm.
Another area of continuing
education which greatly affects the
people of the Okanagan is professional
programs. UBC offers a wide range of
programs for lawyers, doctors,
engineers, nurses, cattlemen — you"
name it.
The division of continuing legal
education in the Centre for Continuing
Education last year offered four
programs for lawyers in the Okanagan
and 153 persons took advantage' Variou
them. Another program was schedu%ere s
for early December in Vernon.      i:0r
Two continuing education cour egton
for engineers were offered in thea irovin
last year and about 50 professio JBC '
engineers attended. Another semi ip se
in contract law was held in Novern esour
in Kelowna. Cor
Two     seminars    in    cornmun   ieen c
planning    for    professional    plann   est o
were  held  in  Penticton and Kelou   'ears
last   year   and    programs   for nev   vithir
elected local government officials hi   i.C
been held in the Okanagan, as well   line s
other centres throughout the provin   \rmr
for  the   past  eight   years,  helping   with 1
make members of local  governnnei   ravel
better   informed,   sooner   than mil   ireas
happen through education by trial a    Wo
error. itudy
For teachers, the educati founc
extension division this fall offered JBC
drama workshop and an educati lelpfi
planning seminar in the Okanag :o t
area.   For  dentists,   two  seminars    eque
UBC's pmn
In September the provinc jnive
government released the report oft ire c
Commission on University Prograi apit
in Non-Metropolitan Areas, prepar )per;
by Dr. William Winegard, a formjfiery
president of the University
Guelph. UBC's president, Dr. Dougjjpr. V
Kenny, discussed the report at leng the
when he spoke to the Kelow simp
Rotary Club on Sept. 28. Wh
follows is an edited version of I that
remarks. Repc
cont i
8/UBC Reports
Many of you are familiar with tl )r.
Winegard     Report     and
recommendations.     Essentially,   D most
Winegard     proposes    that    foipont
University     Centres     should
established,  each offering a restrictegs a
number     of     degree-completio ofa t
programs     in     arts,     science
education.   These   centres   would i have
located  in Prince George,   Kamloop
Nelson    and   here   in    Kelowna. A to   i
additional headquarters site would \ )ffer
in Vernon. At each centre there woul belie
be 10 full-time-equivalent faculty, pi' »cic
various outreach  programs emanatin The
from the headquarters site.
Finally, Dr. Winegard recommeni
that these centres be set up under th am
control   of   Simon   Fraser   Universit /iev
and   that   the   programs   be   offers 2orr
largely   by   faculty  attached  to thftjual
1
Fi
buck
S ove oo €©mnm©Bi
9
'pilous   aspects   of   their   profession
j^ie scheduled for Kelowna this year.
■■or    pharmacists,     more    than     30,
jgional co-ordinators throughout the
lovince   have   been   trained  through
BC to pinpoint local needs and set
jjp seminars  and   courses using  UBC
'esource people.
Continuing   medical   education   has
offered in the Okanagan and the
t of the province.for more than 10
rs and the programs offered reach
thin 25 miles of 90 per cent of all
C.  practising   physicians.   Last  year
seminars were offered in Salmon
rm, Vernon, Kelowna and'Penticton
th two members of the UBC faculty
efling  to those cities to speak on
of concern to local physicians."
Women wanting to set up women's
y   programs  or  women's   centres
nd   the  expertise   offered   by  the
BC    Women's     Resources    Centre
Ipful. Staff from the centre travelled
the   Okanagan    last    year   upon
equest to help establish centres and
also gave  a workshop  for  women   in
Kelowna.
For bankers, the Faculty of
Commerce, in conjunction with the
Institute of Canadian Bankers, offers
two or three seminars a year
throughout the province on topics of
current interest and concern. The first
this year was held in September in
Kelowna.
And for people who want to
complete their undergraduate degrees
or diplomas or just take a credit course
for their own interest, there's that old
standby, the correspondence course.
Right now 32 people in the Okanagan
are taking courses by correspondence
In English, psychology, history and
other subjects.
For many Okanagan people UBC is
an important part of their lives,
as it is for many people living in the
Cariboo, or the Kootenays, or other
parts of the province. There's more to
the UBC campus than meets the eye.
speaks in Kelowna
niversity. The costs of this solution
ire estimated as about $8.5 million in
apital costs over five years, with
derating costs of about $7.1 million
w year.
Quite frankly, I do not believe that
)r. Winegard's recommendations meet
the problem. In my view they are
simplistic and unrealistic.
First, let me make it quite clear
that my criticism of the Winegard
Report is not sour grapes. Quite the
contrary. For many people at UBC,
)r. Winegard's recommendation that
iimon Fraser University should do
most of the job and that UBC should
continue to be the major research and
professional institution of the province
is a welcome and seductive one. The
lob to be done here in the Interior is a
difficult and expensive one and we
have plenty on our plate already.
But despite the temptation for UBC
to relinquish its responsibility for
Bering more such programs, I don't
Relieve it would be academically or
socially responsible for us to do so.
iyfhe need is too great for us to pass the
'|1 Second, let me make it clear that !
If;am not simply expressing a personal
|View here. When the Winegard
^Commission was . set up, a highly
\Qualified panel of people from higher
education were appointed to advise
and assist Dr. Winegard in preparing
his recommendations. These people,
unlike Dr. Winegard, know B.C. well,
are experienced in our higher
education system and familiar with the
needs of this province. A number of
them — and not only those from UBC
— are in disagreement with Dr.
Winegard's recommended solution to
the problem. Among the criticisms
they have made are the following:
The Winegard Report
underestimates seriously both the
capital and the operating costs
involved in meeting the need. The
estimate of $8.5 million in capital
costs seems to be based on highly
optimistic construction cost figures. A
preliminary examination by qualified
people of the actual costs of the
capital part of the proposal suggests
that the cost will not be $8.5 million,
but somewhere between $14 and $16
million.
More serious, however, is the fact
that the Winegard estimates of
operating costs are based upon a plan
which simply would not provide the
breadth and quality of programs which
interior students need and want. These
programs must be as good as'any
PSease turn to Page Eleven
See SPEECH
The Okanagan Valley may be 200 or
so miles away from Point Grey as the
crow flies, but over the years it has
been a fruitful area for the research
and training activities of UBC faculty
members and students. And the
benefits of these activities can be seen
in the area today.
In recent years the Okanagan has
been the scene of projects involving
the faculties of Agricultural Sciences,
Applied Science, Medicine, Forestry
and Science.
Projects, many of them carried out in
co-operation with federal and
provincial government agencies, cover
a wide range of studies, including
horticulture, weed control, pollution,
water resources, forestry, fisheries and
astronomy.
The most recent example of UBC
involvement was the appointment by
the provincial government in October
of three UBC researchers to study the
possible use. of the herbicide 2,4-D in
controlling the spread of weeds in
Okanagan Lake.
The investigating committee is made
up of Dr. C.J.G. Mackenzie, head of
the Department of Health Care and
Epidemiology; Dr. William Oldham, of
the civil engineering department; and
Prof. W. D. Powrie, head of the
Department of Food Science.
The largest single project involving
UBC faculty members and students
was a $234,000 study of the water
resources of the Okanagan basin,
carried out in the early 1970s under a
$2 million contract let by the
federal-provincial Okanagan Basin
Study. The UBC contract was a major
part of the overall study which
resulted in a report suggesting policies
for managing the water resources of
the basin until the year 2020.
Water pollution research carried out
under the contract was directed by Dr.
William Oldham, of the Department, of
Civil Engineering. He spray-irrigated
120 acres of land with effluent from
Vernon's waste treatment plant and
found that he could vastly increase the
production of alfalfa, a valuable forage
crop for cattle.
Vernon       is       currently       building
spray-irrigation     facilities     into      its
Please turn to Page Ten
See RESEARCH
UBC Reports/9 CoiRiDued from Page Nine
nraiment   plant   as   a   result   of   Dr.
Oldham's research.
Dr. Oldham says the new method will
make the Okanagan an exporter of
alfalfa to other parts of the province.
Now other Okanagan centres—
Kelowna, Penticton and Salmon Arm-
are considering installation of similar
equipment.
Another major contribution to the
basin study was carried out by Dr.
Denis Russell, also a member of the
civil engineering department. He
researched methods of controlling the
volume of water that drains into the
basin, which is a series of
interconnected lakes draining south
into the Columbia River system in the
United States.
A third contribution to the basin
study was carried out Dr. T. G.
Northcote, of UBC's Institute of
Animal Resource Ecology, who used
fish in the lakes of the Okanagan basin
as a measure of lake pollution.
Another contribution to the overall
study, funded separately from the
$234,000 UBC contract, was carried
out by Dr. Robert Willington, of the
Faculty of Forestry, and two graduate
students. Their project, an evaluation
of watershed deforestation and
harvesting policies in the basin, is
apparently the only investigation of
logging practices in the Okanagan.
The faculty with the most extensive
involvement in Okanagan basin studies
over the years is Agricultural Sciences.
Prof. Bert Brink, of the plant science
department, is co-operating with
federal and provincial government
agencies in research designed to
rehabilitate depleted grasslands used
for grazing cattle. His research is being
carried out on 144 test plots near
Round Lake and Armstrong in the
Okanagan Valley.
Prof. Arthur Renney and Dr. Judith
Myers, also members of the plant
science department, are involved in a
project begun in 1952 for the control
of diffuse knapweed, a weed which
was introduced into B.C. in the early
part of this century in alfalfa seed
shipments from Europe. The weed is
now controlled by chemical methods
recommended by UBC researchers.
Current research on control of the
weed involves the use of biological
methods. ^
Prof. Brink is also involved in
research on tryptamines, a poisonous
substance found in some Okanagan
forage crops. He plans to grow strains
of low-tryptamine forage crops to
overcome the problem.
Plant scientist Prof. George Eaton is
engaged in a number of projects
related to the Okanagan fruit and
grape industry.
10/UBC Reports
h)iifin
fliers
jinin
Okanagan will foe able to export alfalfa
in the future as the result of UBC
research that used sewage effluent for
irrigation, above. UBC animal
scientists are co-operating with
provincial game officials in a five-year
study of California bighorn sheep in
the Okanagan, below.
.He's studying interna! bark necrosis, a
debilitating disorder _, that reduces
apple-tree production, and a problem
of Spartan apples related to calcium
levels in the fruit.
Prof. Eaton is also carrying out, as
funds permit, a mineral nutrient
survey in each of the five main
varieties of grapes grown in the
Okanagan region.
Three other members of the faculty,
animal scientists Dave Shackleton and
Ray Peterson and plant scientist
Michael Pitt, are co-operating with the
fish and wildlife branch of the
provincial government in a study of
California bighorn sheep in the
Okanagan, which is under the
direction of UBC graduate Don
Eastman. The Okanagan Game Farm
in Penticton has made 90 acres of
available for the study to be cdi
out over a five-year period.
Dr. John Vanderstoep, of
faculty's food science department
directing work of a graduate studenti • ara
co-operation with the feder] <,oD|e
government's Summerland reseaictdi d
station on the testing of gioJxh 0
regulators in peaches to produce morf! y\
uniform ripening of the fruit. It'sal||ara
been found that the use of growt \ m
regulators can diminish bruising j -p
peaches. ^
The Okanagan region has also servei Is ^
as   a   research   and   training   site fo mtr
students in the Faculty of Medicine. |uiva
Medical    student    Richard    Stewat >ssib
spent   four   months   this   summer j ogra
Kelowna General  Hospital, where h     sl
worked under Dr. W. W. Arkinstallo luca'
a clinical research project that involve It
respiratory     function     in   -pregnan enr^
women. In addition, four UBC medica 's
students     spent     the     summer   j ajor
Kelowna,  Vernon, Salmon  Arm am ts<
Oliver    getting   their   first   practica asor
experience in patient care under th e  '
watchful eyes of general practitionei em
in each city. °Pe
tem
UBC's Geology Field School nea . tc
Oliver in the South Okanagan has bee gjor
a major training facility for gradual jc
and undergraduate students i 0bc
geological sciences and geography.      mes
More than 700 geology student jnec
have taken field training on tli oult
90-acre property and research studit >uld
carried out there have resulted in ft j,0C
bachelor and two master of scien; ;arh
theses and three Ph.D. theses. ese
And since 1971 some 10 im,
geography students have lived at tli ffei
school for two-week periods in Apri eth
and May for field studies i ogr
climatology, geomorphology an Ffie
hydrology. Se
Finally, two telescopes operated I) ine>
the federal government at sites in th jth
O kanagan are used by gradual ir s-
students for advanced studies ii Des
astronomy. Three graduate student ffe
were at Mount Kobau near Oliver thi rofe
summer using the 16-inch telescop 0 tl
there for studies of the gravitation) ursj
field of our galaxy. )|le<
Prof, Fritz Bowers, of the electric; (a,
engineering department of the Faculti ^ [
of Applied Science, has served as< St
consultant to the federal government' ot
radio telescope near Penticton sina i,0j(
1961 and was responsible for th ian
design of a new type of dat ena
processing system for the telescopf hie
He currently has a graduate studen rese
working there on a Ph:D. thesis. I ina
member of the UBC physi( Ihol
department, Dr. William Shuter, hJgJn e:
been a frequent visitor to tlfsniv
installation for research using the radfflorti
telescope. U T 2 ;|pnKH
| jjnrinued from Page Nine
Hi,j-ipis in the province. To offer
imimal and superficial degree
'(i,ogidms would be a disservice to the
'lople of the Interior.
1'I do not believe that programs of
jch quality can be offered at the cost
\ Winegard estimates. To provide
ms equal in quality to those
at the universities would
.™jre up to three times the number
|i{ faculty Dr. Winegard recommends.
is highly unlikely that a university
tie with only 10 full-time-
ivalent faculty members could
ibly provide high quality degree
s, even in a limited number
subjects in arts, science and
tion.
t requires at least two faculty
s to teach a single major, and
is proposed to offer a range of
in each of three faculties —
science and education — plus a
able choice of electives. Thus
proposed 10 faculty members
entirely inadequate to maintain a
■oper standard of education. To
tempt to do the job this way would
i to short-change students at the
gjonal university centres.
To do the job properly would
obably require something like three
rnes the number of faculty Dr.
inegard has proposed. This in turn
ould cost a good deal more. This cost
>uld easily amount to as much as
i,000 per student per year, which is
iariy 50 per cent higher than the
esent cost at UBC, SFU or UVic. In
im, I do not believe that the report
ffers an economically feasible
ethod for. offering high quality
ograms, even in the limited number
fields proposed.
Secondly, S do not believe that the
inegard Report adequately copes
ith the problem of choice of program
>r students in the Interior. The report
3es suggest that UBC, which already
ffers nearly all the needed
rofessional programs, should help to
this job in fields like forestry and
ursing. This we are willing to do if
illed upon. But even then, the need
a wide range of'subjects would still
"lot 6e met.
■£ Students from the Interior should
|pt be penalized by having less free
phoice of what they want to study
4an others. And they should not be
penalized by being offered programs
'^hich are of lesser quality than those
presently available at the-universities.
'mally, the people of the province as a
whole cannot rightly be asked to pay
'tn exorbitantly higher price to provide
'»niversity-levei education to one
portion of the population.
, These    are    the    factors    in    the
problem, then: tree choice of fields;
equity of access to programs;
maintenance of high standards; and
reasonable economic efficiency. I do
not believe that the Winegard Report
meets these requirements. And that is.
why I believe that it must be viewed as
bad news for higher education and for
the people of the Interior.
But I believe there is also some
good news on this topic. I believe that
better means do exist to provide more
degree programs for people away from
the coast. And I believe it is still not
too late to take advantage, of these
opportunities.
In order to do this, we must realize
that the problem is not a simple one.
Therefore it cannot be solved by one
single, simple solution. Only by using a
variety of means, coupled with
imagination, can we really improve the
accessibility of programs to Interior
students. Three kinds of means are
available to us. The first is the
establishment of university centres, as
UBC proposed to Dr. Winegard, but
with crucial differences from the form
recommended in his report. Each of
these centres should be associated with
a particular university, rather than.all
being offshoots of one university. This
would allow much greater flexibility
and strength of offerings at each
centre.
Second, each centre should be
established with a closer association
between the regional college of the
area and the university involved.
Clearly, some of these centres
undoubtedly will evolve into
autonomous universities.. This
evolution can only be hampered by
centres being too much under
university control.
Third, such centres should draw
more directly upon the faculty and
resources of the university associated
with them. This is a complex and
difficult thing to work out, but it is
essential to the maintenance of
standards that the centres have direct
access to the academic strengths of the
university through such means as joint
appointments, visiting faculty and so
on.
The second means which must be
more fully /utilized is a variety of
innovative methods of teaching. Many
of these are already available. The
special programs which have been so
successfully begun in the Okanagan by
John Edwards for UBC's Continuing
Education Centre are one instance.
Another is independent study courses,
a considerable number of which are
already offered by UBC. It is essential
to integrate these courses with other
means of delivery, rather than merely
duplicating them. Still another means,
which is both flexible and economical,
is    television   education.   Preliminary
estimates — and ! want to stress that
they are preliminary - suggest that
such courses can be developed at costs
considerably lower than those of
conventional means.
A third means available is one
which has not been seriously examined
in this province. I believe the time has
come to look at it. That means is what
I would call "distance subsidies." At
present, students from the Interior are
in fact being penalized for having to
come down to Vancouver, Burnaby or
Victoria to get a university education.
Their costs are often proportionately
higher than those for our commuting
students in Greater Vancouver. This is
especially true for those who live in
the more remote parts of the province.
They might as well be living in the
Yukon as far as access to a university
education is concerned. In fact, these
students would be better off in the
Yukon, because it just happens that in
the Yukon there is a plan for just such
distance subsidies as I am proposing
we should examine.
I am not suggesting that we should
pay our students to go to another
province or country. 1 think we should
offer them full opportunities here. But
I believe that some such plan of
distance! subsidy, combined with
various other means, would help to
equalize both the costs and the
opportunities for higher education. In
examining such a plan we should
remember that instituting degree
programs in Interior centres will, given
the higher costs per student, constitute
a subsidy for those students. This is
fair enough. But other students from
the same area, who wish to study in
fields which cannot feasibly be offered
at such centres, should have the
opportunity for some equivalent
subsidy in another form.
These three means, then, are
available to us, if we only have the
imagination to use them. Flexible
university centres, imaginative and
economical teaching methods, and
some form of distance subsidy can be
combined to solve the problem. No
single, simple method will do the job.
Only if the government, the
universities and the colleges together
meet to work out an equitable,
multiple and practical set of means can
the problem be solved. Solution by
commission or by government fiat will
not give us the answer.
Finally, let me make it clear that
while I have been critical ofthe means
so far proposed, UBC still stands ready
to do its share. We wil! not only do all
we can to contribute to finding a good
solution, but once that solution has
been decided — even if we don't agree
that it is the best one — we are ready
to help make it work to the very best
of our ability and our resources.
UBC Reports/11 Marc Pessin, left, reviews another taping session
art history
Sept. 27 was a history-making day for the University of
B.C.
On that day UBC premiered its first-ever public television
credit course, a product of 17 months of work involving
about 15 campus people.
The course was a first in many ways. Not only was it the
first television credit course offered by UBC, it was the first
such course developed in B.C. by British Columbians.
The course is entitled "The Pyramids to Picasso" and is
the equivalent of the three-unit course offrred on campus
as Fine Arts 1 25, "History of Western Art."
The TV course was sponsored and funded by UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education, which has enrolled a total
of 253 persons in the Lower Mainland, on Vancouver
Island, and in the Okanagan for credit or as auditors.
On the Lower Mainland, 67 persons are taking the course
for credit and 151 are looking on as auditors. There are
eight credit registrations in Campbell  River on Vancouver
12/UBC Reports
)i
Island and in Vernon and 27 persons are auditing the t oUr,
in these centres and in Salmon Arm.
Marc   Pessin,   the   affable   young   Fine   Arts   instruc,
who hosts the course, estimates that there are sornewh
between 2,000 and 3,000 persons throughout the prov
who   are   watching   the   program   "as  a   valuable  cultu
resource."
Mr. Pessin got the idea for the course — "It came to
in   a   flash"  —   while participating  in  one  of  a  seties
programs   entitled   "Beyond   the   Memory   of   Man
Vancouver Cablevision.
It was brought home to him that there were all kinds
people who didn't have access to the physical UBC cami
but did have access to a television set. It was a natural
put the Fine Arts course on TV because the subject is
visual one, he says.
'This course is interesting because it reverses the roles
the University and the students. Here the University goes
the student, but it's more than a correspondence couri
because this adds the immediacy of the tube to it."
The course is aimed entirely at those who, for reasons
geography or health or situation, simply cannot make itoi
to the tip of Point Grey during the week for an evem
credit program. It's not available for credit to full tin
students, and transfer credit to local regional colleges
assured.
There's a real need here, he stresses, on the part of tl
handicapped, the elderly, those who can't come to t
campus because of children at home, or those outside
the Lower Mainland. He is also hoping to reach thos
people who, for many reasons, may be afraid of attempt
to take a University course. "Many people wouldti
normally consider doing University work," he says, bi
this gives people the opportunity to do so without havir
to make the effort of finding their way around th
University.
The half-hour programs are shown two evenings a wee
and the fee for the course includes two art textbooks and
home manual with assignments to be sent in to UBC.
Preparing the course for TV and taping the 45 half-hoi
programs began in April of last year, 17 months before th
course was to be broadcast. The videotape facilities of th
Faculty of Education were used for the taping session
Each of the lectures had to be fully scripted and keyed
the art which would be shown on the screen wit
split-second timing.
"We found one of the hardest things was the lack o
audience feedback. In a classroom, you know if you loo
out into a sea of sleeping faces, or if you hear a lot o
rustling of paper and moving about, that you're losing th
class and you'd better change the pace of the lecture. Whei
you're just talking to a camera, you don't know how it'
coming across.
"You can't say 'urn' or 'ah' on television either. It sound
terrible. And you can't rephrase things. You can't sav
'That was a dumb way to say that; let me put it thi
way . . .'."
Each half-hour program took about eight hours to tap
at a cost, he figures, of about one-third of what an averag
television course offered in the United States would cost,
He sees a real future for this kind of credit program"
British Columbia because the cablevision system in th
province, which would carry the programs, has th
potential of reaching almost the entire population.
"This year, through the three cable systems carrying
programs (Vancouver, including Richmond,  Burnaby,
parts of Coquitlam, the Campbell River area and Vernt
there is a potential audience of close to a million peoj
he says. He smiles at the idea of turning that many peof
on to art history.
tr I
V V
oy jiivi dmivrhivi
information Officer, UBC
once had a curious statistic stored
or "toy m mY heacl about Pennsylvania.
,iOne  of   the   items in the  Banham
IsPibiary of Useless Information was the
that   that   state   produces   more
■ofessional athletes than any other in
e union.
When I learned that the late
mented Frank Gnup came from that
of the world 1 asked him about
at statistic.
His answer was delivered in that
sty-voiced, broken-speech manner
at was so typical of him.
"Listen," he said, removing his
ade-mark cigar from his mouth ande
uinting at me through the haze of
ioke, "you live in a small town in
nsylvania . . . only two things you
do, see. Go down in the mines or
>rk in the steel mills. Who wants a
etime of that? You got talent, you
in for sports. All those guys have
caped. You see?"
saw. I saw also that Frank was
mething of a sociologist.
You were always finding out things
out Frank, things that surprised
Like opera. When he was a
ident at Manhattan College in New
>rk, where he was something of a
orts celebrity, he got a job at the
etropolitan Opera as an usher. He
ally enjoyed serious music.
Something no one mentions about
ank. His gait.
For a guy who was an outstanding
tball player in his day and a
seball prospect for the Pittsburgh
ates, he had a curious way of
liking. Neat, short steps and a little
t of a rolling gait, as though he'd
ent time at sea. It wouldn't have
rprised me a bit.
Now that business about his being a
w York sports celebrity. He was so
nous, apparently, that a New York
per, The Post, actually instigated a
'up limerick contest that drew 678
tries. Here's the winner:
There once was a man named Gnup
More ferocious than Elie Yale's pup
In the midst of a tackle
He's often heard cackle
Here we go -.cheerio - bottoms up.
It didn't take Frank long to become
sports celebrity at UBC after he
'lved to take over as football coach
d instructor in physical education in
55.
At his first P.E. class, Frank called
of the students over and asked if
d like an "A" in the course. When
;
FRANK GNUP
the student allowed as how he would,
Frank said, "Then get me a cigar." It's
not recorded whether the kid got the
mark, but Frank got his cigar.
As football coach, Frank's first
reaction to the 20 students who
showed up to try out for the team
was: "What the hell did I get into?"
He learned, however, that most of
them were tough, if inexperienced.
"They may get whipped by smaller
colleges," he once said, "but they're
never outgutted. They play as,well as
they know how."
Not every year was bad. From 1959
to 1965 the 'Birds won 31 of 53 games
and captured three western collegiate
titles. And his players loved him. He
fed them, financed them and advised
them on everything from their future
careers to their sex lives.
He never had any quarrel with the
UBC policy that prohibited athletic
scholarships. He once told one of his
star players whose marks were slipping
to quit football and go for the marks.
"Besides," he added, "that lets
someone else get into uniform. You've
had your chance."
And there were those Dutch-treat
banquets he used to organize every
year after the season was over. And
those crazy trophies that he and his
wife, Stevie, used to make.
I've got one myself. It says "Scoop
Award - University Division - 1971"
on it. It's a couple of blocks of stained
wood with a gilded sugar scoop atop a
short pedestal and I got it for a piece I
did on him in this journal in
December, 1971.
Anybody who got one of those
trophies treasures it, myself included.
And   I'll   bet   everyone   misses   those
banquets. Frank used to needle
everyone     in     sight university
presidents, deans, newspapermen,
colleagues, opposing coaches. A great
stand-up comedian. No one was
immune and no one minded. It was an
honor to be kidded by Frank Gnup.
So there I was on the morning of
Sept. 28, hacking away at my beard
and waiting for the sports news to
learn if the Boston Red Sox had won
the previous day and remembering
that only a few days before I'd bet
Frank that the American League
would take the World Series this year
and feeling a little bit guilty that I'd
never got around to paying off on our
bet of the previous year by ..taking him
to lunch after the Cincinnati Reds had
managed to eke out a victory in seven
games over the Red Sox.
The first item on the sports news
made me freeze. Frank Gnup . . .
former UBC football coach . . . died
suddenly l,ast night . . . aged 59 . . .
at his home while watching a football
game on television.
I thought about all the people,
myself included, who were starting
their day at rock bottom.
They held a memorial service for
Frank on Oct. 1 in the foyer of the
War Memorial Gymnasium and some
600 people turned up. There were
tributes by a member of the news
media ("They've been good to me, but
I've been good to them, too," Frank
once quipped, and there's not a
newspaper columnist in town that
won't say "Amen" to that), two of his
former players, and Dr. Gordon
Shrum, who recruited Frank in 1955
in Hamilton, Ont., where Frank's
fortunes were at a pretty low ebb and
he was facing a lifetime of work in the
steel mills of that town.
Frank arrived.for an interview with
Gordon Shrum in his work clothes and
30 minutes later accepted the job as
football coach at UBC. The deal was
closed with- a handshake, Gordon
Shrum recalled, and a single sentence
from Frank: "Doc, I'll never let you
down."
And he never did. Not Gordon
Shrum, or his students, or his players,
or the University.
They've established a memorial
fund in Frank's name and if you want
to make a donation, send it to the
UBC Alumni Fund (Gnup Memorial),
UBC Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver V6B
1X8. There's even talk about
renaming Thunderbird Stadium in
Frank's memory. We'll see.
UBC Reports/13 ikmmmmmi
"Canadian Literature (quarterly, $8
per annum. University of British
Columbia, Vancouver),  now  in its
17th year, is by far the most
important journal on the subject of
Canadian writers and writing ever
to have been produced in this
country. . . . The success of this
journal is largely a result of the
efforts of one man — its editor, the
amazing George Woodcock." —
Canadian author Morris Wolfe,
writing in Content, Canada's
national news media magazine,
August, 1976.
George  Woodcock,   who's  now  in
the process of editing the 71st issue of
Canadian Literature, says the past 17
years   have    been    as    much    of   an
education for him as they have been
for readers of the magazine.
Dr. Woodcock freely admits that
when he was approached to serve as
editor of the journal he was far from
being an expert in the field of
Canadian literature.
Today he regards himself as an
expert in that discipline, largely
because Canadian Literature has over
the years published a comprehensive
survey of Canadian writing from its
17th-century beginnings in
Newfoundland to contemporary
novelists and poets.
The success of the magazine also
reflects a coming of age of Canadian
literature. Dr. Woodcock believes.
"The rise of literary criticism within a
country usually means that there
exjsts a body of mature literature that
reflects that country's cultural values.
In England, literary criticism made its
appearance about the time of the
Restoration when there was a body of
literature in a variety of forms to
enable the critic to take a longer view.
Similarly, in the United States, when
American literature came into its own
there appeared an Edmund Wilson to
write about it critically."
The idea of publishing a magazine
about this country's literature took
shape in the mid-1950s among groups
in the UBC English department and
the Library. Dr. Woodcock, who was
then teaching full-time in the English
department, says he came to the
University with the idea that his
background in editing might be used
to publish a magazine of some sort.
"My lack of background in
Canadian literature made me a little
hesitant about taking on the editing of
the magazine when 1 was approached,"
Dr. Woodcock says, "but 1 eventually
decided to accept the challenge. We
got     a     small     subsidy    from    the
@
University and a grant from the Leon
and Thea Koerner Foundation, and I
began to learn about Canadian
literature as I went along, as it were.
"Initially, we functioned as a sort
of cottage industry," Dr. Woodcock
recalls, "I did the editing from my
academic office in the English
department, Inglis Bell carried on
promotion from his Library office,
and after the magazine was printed it
was prepared for the mail in the
depths of the Library by Basil
Stuart-Stubbs, who's now UBC's chief
librarian."
Not the least of Dr. Woodcock's
problems in those days was finding
qualified contributors to write the *
magazine's review and critical articles.
"1 had to badger people to write for us
in the earlydays," he says, "the point
being that we were asking for criticism
from people who'd never written-
anything of that sort in their lives."
In the first three or four years of
the magazine's existence, it managed
to review almost every book of any
literary  interest published in Canada.
Then, in the mid-1960s, Canada
experienced an explosion in the field
of publishing which Dr. Woodcock
says was due to two factors —
technological advances that made
possible an increase in the number of
small Canadian presses, coupled with
an upsurge in Canadian nationalism.
"This explosion forced Canadian
Literature to become much more
selective in reviewing books, while
Continuing our other goal of compiling
an on-going literary history of
Canada," Dr. Woodcock says.
One aspect of the publishing
explosion of the 1960s that interests
Dr. Woodcock is the revival of poetry,
both spoken and written. "Every
culture has a tradition of oral poetry,"
he says, "and as a literary form it
appealed to the counter culture of that
time because it was possible to be ■
respectably irrational in verse. The
term 'poetic licence' really does have
some validity in that context and
poetry became a symbol of rebellion
against rationalism and excessively
academic values.
"Unfortunately, many of the poets
of that period tended to write verse
that sounded good but looked
dreadful on the printed page."
Today, Canadian Literature is a
firmly established literary journal that
receives annual grants from the Canada
Council as well as a small continuing
grant    from    UBC.    "Grant's,"    Dr.
DR. GEORGE WOODCOCK
Woodcock says, "just about cover
costs of distributing the magaz
while the balance of our
budget, which pays for printing
made up from subscriptions
advertising."
The problem of obtaining 8
critical writing has also solved
over the years. "Initially,"
Woodcock says, "we \
commissioning three-quarters of
reviews and critical articles. Today
receive unsolicited articles and
' find myself in the position of rejec
material that I would have acceptei
years ago. Right now I have a stock
of material that will see me over
next two years."
He agrees that one of the ben
of publishing the magazine has bee
stimulate   serious   critical   writinc
Canada.  "I've  been  surprised to
how    many    creative    writers,
particularly    poets,    are    also
critical  writers,"  Dr. Woodcock
"Margaret    Atwood,    Louis   Di
Douglas Jones — all poets - have
our best critical writers over the
For   some   reason   that   escapes
14/UBC Reports feGM @IM;
^ tion writeis simply don't go in
yen tor criticism."
Hi he magazine has always paid its
s *'jntribu tors for their articles,
U igmning at the rate of $3 per page
' l'% using to $5. "It's no more than
I'Yten payment for their efforts," he
'i  "and   no one should count on
jawing rich writing for Canadian
hrature."
.The magazine now has a circulation
[some 2,500, about 65 per cent of
copies go to institutions and the
to  individuals, most of them
tics or writers. "It's interesting,
0, that 27 per cent of our circulation
to   institutions   and   individuals
je Canada —  18 per cent in the
States and 9 per cent to other
untries.   I    think   this   means   that
itside    Canada     there     are     a
srabie   number  of   people who
iaware that the literature of Canada
|worth   taking   note  of,"   says  Dr.
:k.
iCntics themselves have come in for
jt of criticism over the years, but
Woodcock   believes  they serve a
Liable purpose  in  the  spectrum  of
studies.
["The essential role of the critic is
of a mediator between the reader
the writer," Dr. Woodcock says.
r,he    critic,     because    he    is    a
sional and has insights into the
of writers, is able to make the
smoother for the reader.
'I don't think critics have much
uence in forming imaginative
ature,    but    there    is    a    certain
nt of interaction between writers
$d critics. I've found, as a writer, that
|1e comments of a responsible critic
n be   very   valuable.   They   enable
'iters   to   see   their   work   through
lother's eyes and to get some idea of
lere  they're   going   wrong   or   how
ey might improve their work."
On the whole, says Dr. Woodcock,
inada   and   the  world   would   be   a
iec forer   place   if  Canadian   Literature
tei id never appeared on the scene. "I
lC'(  ink   it's   given   a   sharper  focus   to
Inadian writing and created an outlet
't responsible   and   serious   literary
en   iticism in Canada. Certainly, over the
iee sars, I've noted  an  improvement in
e quality   and   an   increase   in   the
Jantity   of   criticism   of   Canadian
*erature."
f It's obvious, too, that George
< j loodcock believes that in the long run
3U'Is little magazine will have the effect
'\i improving the quality of creative
'ft'terature produced by Canadian
3s, ovelists and poets.
1
Ccmlimued ftorn Page Five
were selected after being examined by
public health officials in the
Vancouver, Surrey and Richmond
areas.
A treatment innovation this year
was the division of the dental students
into 14 teams, each composed of two
senior dental students and one dental
hygiene student or junior dental
student.
The team was responsible for the
total care of each patient assigned to
it, including examination, diagnosis,
x-ray, preventative and treatment
services and chairside education.
"The students showed great
imagination and ingenuity in
developing programs that would
maintain the interest of the patients
and at the same time motivate them to
practise good dental health habits,"
Dean Leung said.
Every patient was given individual
instruction in home care and was
provided with a free home-care kit
that included toothbrush, toothpaste
and floss.
Appointments at the summer clinic
totalled 5,560. Services provided
included 1,275 examinations, 2,544
x-rays, 7,481 amalgam fillings, and
887 fluoride treatments.	
New UBC centre
starts programs
UBC's new Centre for Human
Settlements has begun to make use of
the huge collection of audio-visual
materials that were shown at last
summer's Habitat conference in
Vancouver.
UBC announced the creation ofthe
centre late in May to act as custodian
for the 10,460 audio-visual items,
which are housed in the campus
Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre. The items make up the 240
presentations made by 140 countries
that participated in the United Nations
Conference on Human Settlements —
commonly referred to as Habitat — in
Vancouver in May and June.
On June 12 representatives of the
UN, UBC and the federal and
provincial governments signed an
interim agreement vesting the
audio-visual materials in UBC until the
end of this year and assuring the
University of substantial funding.
Prof. Peter Oberlander, pro tern
director of the centre, said he expects
that the UN General Assembly will
shortly approve an agreement naming
UBC as custodian of the material for
five years.
Since acquiring the material, UBC
has begun the job of assessing all
presentations — films, slides and
videotapes — and preparing an
inventory as the first step in
production of an annotated catalogue
that will include an evaluation of each
presentation.
The centre has also responded to
any reasonable request for the use of
material in the collection and has been
showing some of the films at
noon-hour on campus.
At a recent meeting of the centre's
board of management, which is
chaired by dean of Graduate' Studies
Peter Larkin, it was agreed that the
centre should initiate three programs
to make use of the collection.
Early in January the centre will
start a public screening and discussion
program jointly with UBC's Centre for
Continuing Education on four themes
— environment, water, transportation
and governance.
The centre also plans to hold an
invitational seminar on land use and
initiate a scholar-in-residence program
to bring specialists to UBC to review
the audio-visual library and assess its
relevance for Canadian development
policies.
Dean Larkin emphasized that the
presence of the collection at UBC will
not mean any new degree or training
programs. "The centre will provide a
service to existing UBC disciplines," he
said, "and will draw to UBC scholars
and students from all over the world
to utilize a unique collection of
material."
Prof. Oberlander said the collection
promises new directions for teaching,
research and public education at UBC
and in other parts of the province.
Four from UBC
In U.S. milf
A quartet of UBC students placed
second overall in the "Sea to Sea
Econorally" that started in Bellingham, Wash., Aug. 1 and ended nine
days later in Washington, D.C.
The four UBC students drove a
Mazda Mizer on the cross-country rally
which was designed to demonstrate
the possibilities for fuel economy,
performance and exhaust-emission
control available with current
technology.
- The UBC car was one of four
vehicles entered in the competition in
the over-2,000-pounds category.
In addition to placing second overall
in the competition, the UBC car
placed second in emission control,
third in fuel economy, and third in
performance.
Head of the UBC team was Doug
Worden, a fourth-year student in
mechanical engineering, and the chief
driver  was  classmate Malcolm  Perry.
UBC Reports/15 In 1974 the first team the UBC
Thunderbirds faced on the football
field under their new coach Frank
Smith was the University of
Saskatchewan Huskies, the 'Birds
were humiliated 63-0.
This year, on Nov. 6, the
Thunderbirds had their revenge. They
defeated the Huskies 36-10 in a
sudden-death playoff for the Hardy
Cup, emblematic of the Western
Canadian University football
championship.
The win was sweet for both coach
Smith and for Thunderbird captain
and quarterback Dan Smith, who are
not related. Dan Smith was the
starting quarterback in 1974 and in
1976.
The last time UBC's name appeared
on the Hardy Cup was in 1962, when
they shared the honor with the
University of.Alberta.
The 'Bird win climaxed an amazing
rags-to-riches story which _ saw the
team improve .from a 1-8 season three
years ago to the western championship
in 1976. "The first season I felt like
General Custer," said coach Smith
after the victqry over Saskatchewan.
"Today I feel more like General
Patton."
'The win over the Huskies sent the
Thunderbirds to London, Ont., on
Nov. 13 for the Forest City Bowl game
against the University of Western
Ontario Mustangs, the first time a UBC
team has participated in a national
semi-final football game.
In that game it was all over for the
'Birds by the end of the first quarter.
Some bad breaks and the loss of
fullback Gordon Penn with a knee
injury in the first play of the game
gave the Mustangs a 25-0 edge by
quarter time and a 25-8 lead at the
half. The final score was 30-8.
Penn was outstanding for the 'Birds
during the regular season, rushing for
1,050 yards this year and 1,065 in
1975. He's the first 'Bird footballer in
history to go over the 1,000-yard
mark.
Penn's 58-yard touchdown run in
the second quarter of the
UBC-Saskatchewan game turned the
game in the 'Birds favor.
Penn and three other Thunderbirds,
defensive end John Turecki, offensive
tackle Al Cameron and tight end Evan
16/UBC Reports
UBC football coach Frank Smith, holding the Hardy Cup aloft, was hoisted ont
the shoulders of his players after winning the western Canadian championslii
against the University of Saskatchewan on-Nov. 6. Picture by Jim Banham.
University of Toronto Blue
Concordia University Stingers wont!
tournament with a 2-1 overtime wi
over Dalhousie University.
*  *  *
A touring rugby team from UB
lost ■ only one game in a six-gan
schedule in Japan in September an
October. The 'Birds finished in fit
style with a 31-10 win over i
all-Japan team in Tokyo.
By •   mid-November     the    'Bin
boasted   a   4-0. record  in  Vancouv
Rugby   Union   play   and   seem
their   way   to   matching   last
record,    when    they    captured
Canada West title, the World Cup
the  Northwest Intercollegiate cn
Jones,    were    named    to    the    1976
all-conference   team   in   the  Weste/n.
Intercollegiate Football League.
*   *   *
UBC's soccer Thunderbirds are
proving to be virtually unbeatable this
year. They won the Canada West
University Soccer Championship in
Saskatoon late in October, beating the
University of Saskatchewan Huskies
2-1 in the final round of play.
Early in October the Thunderbird
soccer club went undefeated in a
10-game tour against various university
sides in Utah, Colorado and California.
In the course -of the tour the 'Birds'
won the Brigham Young Invitational
Soccer Tournament in Salt Lake City.
Oi the same weekend that the
football Thunderbirds were losing to
Western Ontario, the soccer team was
in Montreal attempting to win the
national collegiate title for the second
year in a row.
The soccer club managed only a
third-place finish, however, .winning
the   consolation   final   2-1   over   the
By      mid-November      the    US
Thunderbird hockey team found i
in   a   three-way   tie   in   Canada
competition,   sharing the  lead in!
standings    with    the    University
Alberta '  Golden     Bears     and
University  of Saskatchewan Hus! the;>'ngham, who has gone on to
i e'tings since he wrote The Ubys-
s s ( ;impus Chaff column in the early
.escribes a young gentleman's
us operandi: "You'd arrive in time
pie! up a secretary or a nurse. The
st th-ng you did was ask 'where do
e,' then 'would you like to
ance. If she lived east of Victoria
)rive, ''ou moved on down the line."
For hig dates, the Hotel Vancouver's
'anonnna Roof was the place, accord-
!g to columnist Jack Wasserman, a
IbvsM'}' city editor in 1948. The
iown-bagged bottle was kept under the
ible.outof sight of regularly-patrolling
quor squad officers, and when you ran
it yoti called your bootlegger.
"You had really established yourself
/hen you had a line of credit with your
ootlegger," says Wasserman. "Guys
ke Big Al Nugent or Nick the Roofer
harged you liquor store prices plus
.50 delivery. It was much faster than
ny taxi will get a bottle to you now,
ecause the car didn't have to stop at the
quor store!"
At the Roof and the Cave and the
'alomar there were bowls of ice — "the
owls were always hot," says Wasser-
lan — at 50 cents a piece, and small
lottles of 7-Up and ginger ale at 50 cents
swell.
In the mid-1950s, the social drinking
cene began to decentralize, suburban
r parlors such as the Fraser Arms
ook trade away from downtown, alii the Georgia remained a focal
>oint until its pub closed, despite
tudent-led demonstrations to "save the
Jeorgia," in 1962. The Arms, close to
ampus, became headquarters.
The Cecil got some of the Georgia
owd and much of the'60s hip scene
yl|rowd, although the hotel's manage -
nt viewed the increased business as a
nixed blessing. The Georgia's old prob-
ems of disappearing glasses and the oc-
:asional disappearing chair recurred at
jfj [he Cecil, causing the then manager,
onard Norman to complain: "We
lon't want the business — why sell $1
vorth of beer when you've got to spend
he dullar on repairs or new equip-
nent."
Tod:iy you'd be hard-pressed to pick
>M a bona fide student in the Georgia or
he Ceil, and on a Friday night where
:'ght i.-r ten years ago the Fraser Arms
vould have been a sea of red engineers'
ackeK, you can't find one, even with
he S'udent Union Building's Pit and
-the closed.
It looks like the classes of'77 and '78
'nd ".''»and "80 will have far less colorful
mbibiMg to look back on. Nostalgia, as
V sny, isn't what it used to be.□
Mairi,- McMillan, is a part-time UBC
hiidein, full-time member of the Van-
ouve, Sun'.v editorial stuff, one-time
yuiavmg editor of The Ubyssey and
winei^ne imbiber.
II
n
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mma
Hanna E. Kassis
"It happened like this. Urged on by his
love of philosophy and antiquity, the
honorable D. Petrus a Valle, knight and
patrician of Rome, travelled like a second Apollonius through Greece, Palestine, Persia, India, Arabia and almost
the whole eastern world, and came
finally to Egypt, the fruitful source of all
learning, intending to explore for himself the wonders of which he had read."
These are the words of Athanasius
Kircher (1601-1680) describing a journey to the Near East by Petrus A Valle
in 1615. The words rang in my memory
as I boarded the airplane to begin ajour-
ney that was to take me to Egypt, Syria
and Jordan.
I could not have chosen a better time
to arrive in Cairo. It was shortly before
sunset on the evening ofthe 27th day of
Ramadan, the month of fasting in Islam.
Eight million Cairenes were hushed,
awaiting the setting ofthe sun to break
the day-long fast. But this was a special
night, the Night of Qadar (Destiny) on
which, according to Islam, the Qur'an
was first revealed to Muhammed in a
cave outside Mecca, many miles away.
The silence was interrupted by the
haunting sound of chants coming from
the many minarets, silhouetted against
the sky. "Allahu Akbar" (God is Greater), echoed the intoxicating cry. It was
very clear to me that 1 had passed into a
different world.
Five thousand years of history written in stone and clay lured me again as it
had so many in the past, and as it will
continue to hire others in the future.
(left) Sailboats and barges along the
Nile at sunset.
From Herodotus in the fifth century
B.C. to Auguste Mariette in the 19th
century, the list of travellers runs to
endless lengths. The accounts of the
early travellers give the impression that
in the apparently ever-changing world
ofthe Nile and the Levant, nothing really changes. What is it in this region that
lures travellers in spite ofthe hardships
of travel? The star-pierced sky on a still
night? The morning dew that passes as a
fleeting love? The fragrance ofthe dust
and herbs? The struggle of the desert
and the sown, of Abel and Cain? The
anguished cry of Gilgamesh and Job,
"Why should there be suffering and
death?" The echo of the footsteps of
conquerors treading soil which never
quenched its thirst for sweat and blood?
Is it the crumbling stones, the fallen pillars, the silent mounds hiding in their
wombs the records ofthe past? Or is it
the knowledge that here one finds the
roots of civilization? Is it not in the presence of these ruins that one would repeat in the manner of a litany, "Here,
for better or for worse, it all began."
Waiting for me in Cairo were 25 lovers
of antiquity, members of this study tour
organized by UBC's Centre for Continuing Education. Our tour was to be a
"pilgrimage" to some of the great
centres that testify to millennia of
human accomplishment: Ugarit. Aleppo. Hama, Palmyra. Damascus and
Bosra in Syria; Gerash, Amman and
Petra in Jordan and Cairo, Aswan,
Memphis and Thebes in Egypt.
In 1929 a Syrian peasant cultivating
his field found what archaeologists identified as a Mycenean tomb. This was the
beginning of the excavation at Ugarit.
Since then, interrupted only by World
War II. the excavations have continued.
23 (left) The minarets of the Collect
Mosque of Sultan Hasan in ('ait
jini,shed in 1362.
Thousands of clay tablets, writu     n
language of the middle of the - * nJ
millennium B.C., yielded details  >i (tJ,
religious, economic and social lift, it th/
Canaanites. The material that w s unj"
earthed: the tablets, the tempk  . tht',
palace, the harbor, the houses, tl ■ p0|i"
tery and other objects, all testify o thu
achievement of this people. One   isim
guished scholar has suggested    ui lt
was from them that the Chri tun*
learned the concept of God as F; hei
The  road from  Ugarit to  A eppo
winds through some very rugged ter
rain. As we passed, men and v omen
were cutting wild myrtle in prepa alion
for the annual visit to the tombs o relatives and friends, a practice reminiscent
of rites of ancient times. The ro;d de
scends to the valley of the Oronte, \,
River. The bridge over this riwr re-|l
places a Roman structure which was
seen by travellers as late as the last century. Not far from this spot, Bohemond
IIS, king ofthe Franks, allowed his miserably besieged garrisons to surrender
to Saladdin. Between the bridge and
Aleppo stretches one of the richest
plains ofthe Near East, whose fertility
was praised by the indefatigable Roman
traveller and geographer, Strabo (63
B.C. - A.D. 21). In a region where the
chalky soil rapidly loses the limited
moisture it receives, fertility became
the core of religion. The never ending
love affair of Baal and Anat sung about
in the mythological texts of Ugarit
found expression in moulded c
figurines and a few reliefs and statues of
the goddess. The finest of these, in my
opinion, is a rare statue that stands')
feet SO inches tall, dates from the
century B.C. and comes from ancient
Mari, on the west bank of the Euphrates. We did not visit Mari, but we
could see the objects from that and
other equally rich sites displayed in the
simple but well organized museum in
Aleppo.
The many structures in Aleppo; nd its
environs look like an illustrated beckon
history. The partly restored citadel, of
medieval date, is situated where Fie acropolis ofthe city once stood. E; cava-
tions show evidence that so far da'es the.
acropolis to the ninth century B.t . The|
written records point to a date ;..< least
ten centuries earlier for the fount ng of
the city. The mosques, medreseh (col
leges) and the bazaar point to a bi sthng
era, when Aleppo became the car talof
an autonomous Muslim principate n the
tenth century. But to me the archa olog
ical beauty of this region lies in i gged«
terrain 20 miles to the north of th cit\ '_,
in the "dead cities" of northern }ii'l[ t
discovered in 1860-61 by the Marq = isc4e - c
Vogue. Dating from the early pei  'dot   j m
'fynn   Kin history (fourth -  sixth cen-
iic i these ruined "cities" were built
|0I u y fine limestone and decorated
ittith   *'ine of the most remarkable re-
lu_.(^, ,id mosaics. The elegantly curving
|,ichi.  - the finely executed decorative
thelilesit. '•> and the patinated masonry give
theHonc t ^ impression of being in the.pre-
uJSseiic*. of some of the freshest forms of
thelaichi'ecture to be found. The most at~
lot-Httacti'-e of these loci no doubt is Qalaat
thejLd F-*-'ii" Seman named after St. Simeon
tin-lstylitcs (A.D. 390-459) who started the
settlement as an ascetic retreat. Tradi-
insBtion tells us that he chose to live in a cell
fat the top of a pillar which stood ultimately 30 cubits (45 feet) high! His de-
Ivotecn built a monastery, a basilica and
hostelry to accommodate the pilgrims
!\\ho stopped to pay their homage.
Not far from there one can still see a
intBwell preserved stretch of the Roman
lejfioad that once linked Aleppo with An-
esitioch, and from there with Turkey. This
'e-1 stretch of road is only a humble remin-
asider of the extensive network of roads
n-lthat once criss-crossed the Near East.
The Romans,  master builders and
shrewd organizers, paved in stone what
once had been only a dusty road, thus
facilitating the already prosperous flow
of trade. Three main routes stand out for
their significance in the early history of
The Near East. The first ran from Thebes
in Egypt along the banks of the Nile to
the delta, then through Palestine to
Aleppo via Horns and Hama. This has
been called the via maris. The second
route ran from the southern tip of
Arabia through Mecca and Medina, Pet-
ra, Gerash and Bosra to Damascus.
From Damascus it continued across the
Syrian Desert to Mesopotamia, through
Palmyra. This route was named the
King's Way. A branch road also ran
from Damascus to Aleppo -along the
edge of the desert. The third, the Silk
Route, ran from the Syrian coast
through Aleppo into Mesopotamia,
Iran, Afghanistan and over the Pamirs
into China. It was at oases along these
routes that commercial and caravan
centres Came into existance and developed into major cities.
From Aleppo we travelled by road
along major portions ofthe King's Way
stopping at each of the main caravan
centres. Each had its story to tell. Beneath the sumptuous Roman and Muslim structures were remains of earlier
occupation, in some cases dating back
to the beginning of urban history,
around 3000 B.C. But the traveller cannot escape the towering structures of
the empire builders. In Hama one can
still see the church that was turned into
a me sque in the seventh century. The
most attractive sight, however, is the
n<>riir. a huge wooden wheel that is
turned by the river current and that
dravs water from the river to an
aqueduct. This was a masterpiece of
A young Egyptian girl (below) outside
her house in Deir El-Bahir, near the
City of Kings. On the wall in Arabic
script -Allah. At Hama a noria, or
water wheel (bottom) built in the
middle ages still lifts water to an
aqueduct and still provides power to
grind com.
■ -.-yy.\<v.- ?■,;■   •■. ■«.4-.:w*:*v- s-' ■'?•*■*r-ttf-s* %-ti^&*»$t?&      #       >* The Basilica (below) at Qalaat Seman,
one ofthe "dead" cities of northern
Syria, built to commemorate St.
Simeon Stylites. The railway tracks are
part ofthe archaeologist's equipment.
The immense columns ofthe hypostyle
hall ofthe Temple of Amon-Ra at
Karnak (bottom) are decorated with
hieroglyphics and capitals carved to
resemble palm fronds.
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Muslim engineering in the Middle Ages
and examples can be seen, still in use, as
far afield as Spain.
The fertility of the valley of the
Orontes contrasts sharply with the aridity ofthe Syrian desert. In the deserts of
the Near East fife is concentrated either
wherever the nomads can find pasture
for their flocks or in oases that provide a
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more reliable supply of water and \ ;ge. nan
tation. In an oasis the nomad grad: ally sma
becomes a settled farmer. One c the ant:
most striking oases in the Syrian d sen Ha>
is the location of Palmyra, once the ,:ap. con
ital of a desert kingdom that for a • hort bee
while rivalled Rome. Palmyra stan sas
elegantly today, although in ruins, n its
golden age, it was ruled by an intell.^ent
but ruthless woman, Zenobia. , vs a
widow she ruled on behalf of her son,
and secured for him, through agj ran-
disement a vast kingdom extending
from Egypt to Asia Minor. It was only
when she proclaimed her son "atgus-
tus" that Rome retaliated. After a bitter
fight Zenobia's forces were defeated in
A.D. 271 and Palmyra was reduced to a
village, a blow from which it has never
recovered. One can still see the magnificent colonnaded streets, the temples to
Baal, the elegant theatre, the senate
building and the tombs. Particularly
notable is the blending of the architectural and artistic techniques of Rome
and Persia.
The only oasis larger than Palmyra is
Damascus. The vastness of its arable
land, the abundance of its water and its
location on a major trade route of antiquity destined it to play a major role in
history. Damascus is the oldest city in
the world with continuous habitation
Unfortunately, because of this it is ex
tremely difficult to carry out any major
archaeological work in it. The records
tell us, however, that around 1200 B.C
it became the capital of the kingdom of
the Arameans. Introducing cavalry into
warfare, they became a major power to
be reckoned with, and even when they
were finally conquered by the Persians
in 539 B.C. they continued to play an
important role in the Persian empire.
Their language became the lingua franca
ofthe segment ofthe empire west ofthe
Euphrates; and as late as the Roman era
inhabitants of the Near East (including
Jesus Christ) spoke Aramaic. This language merged with Arabic in the centuries following the rise of Islam and it is
still \preserved in a purer form in the
dialects of the various Eastern and
heretical churches of the area. The
status of Damascus as a capital city was
revived with the expansion of Islam,
when in A.D. 660 the Umayyad
caliphate chose Damascus as the c;-pital
ofthe Muslim empire, instead of Medina. They modelled their state adn inis-
tratively and architecturally afte the
Byzantine empire they had decim ted.
One of the best preserved monun ents
that would testify to the continui y of
the late Roman architectural tradi ions
in Islam is the Grand Mosque of Damascus, a masterpiece of blending predominantly Byzantine features with Persian decorative elements within the
framework of Muslim theologica restrictions.
Less than 25 miles to the soun of
26 nam /scus one comes to Bosra, now a
;tnali village of less than 2000 inhabitants nd situated in a very fertile plain.
(Havi.ig come into prominence after its
jconq.;est by Alexander of Macedon, it
beca: ie the capital ofthe newly founded
Rom-n province of Arabia, and resident of the imperial legate. It was
Liver- the prestigious status of colonia
unde; Septimius Severus and raised to
Ihe n nk of metropolis under Philip the
j/irah Its greatness continued into the
[Christian era when it became a bishop-
jricar.d, later, an archbishopric. Before
his call to prophethood Muhammad visited the city and, according to Muslim
(tradition, his vocation was foretold in
[Bosra by a resident Christian monk.
[When the King's Way was relocated
farther to the west Bosra began a rapid
'death, and travellers in the last century
jfound it completely deserted. However,
the ruined buildings, churches, mos-
Iques, hostelries and water reservoirs
speak eloquently of her past glory. An
extensive program of restoration has
been started recently and before too
Hong it should be possible to see more
clearly the architectural features of this
[lost capital city.
We entered Jordan by crossing the
tiny Yarmuk River, the site of many
major battles in history. To the south,
beyond the hills of Gilead stands
jGerash, the caravan city that became a
major frontier settlement under the
Romans. It was founded in Hellenistic
[times by Alexander or his General Per-
dicas. During the Roman period it was
made one of the "Ten Cities" (De-
capolis). Situated on the eastern frontier of the Roman Empire on the King's
Way, Gerash became a city with architectural splendors. The building
program was stimulated, as was common, by an imperial visit, this time by
Hadrian. But the city reached the peak
of its prosperity when its rival caravan
metropolis Palmyra was destroyed. It
continued to prosper during-the Christian era when it became a bishopric and
achieved the apex of its distinction by
sending an episcopal delegate to the
Great Council of Seleucia in A.D. 359.
Churches replaced temples during this
era, but the city retained its splendor.
Then began the series of attacks by Persians, Arabs, Turks and Crusaders that
' _" to its final destruction by Baldwin II,
King of Jerusalem. The city neverthe-
'ess remains one ofthe best preserved of
I all Roman cities. The visitor can still see
"the circular forum, the colonnaded
street s with traces ofthe chariot wheels
m the stone pavement, the theatre and
I the tt mple of Artemis, the baths and the
larch of triumph commemorating Had-
rr'anV visit, as well as the remains of
some ofthe churches that once adorned
theci<y.
No visit to the Near East is complete
w'th,'. ut a stop at Petra (the rock), in
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27 southern Jordan. Hidden in a depression in the rock, the city cannot be seen
until one actually arrives at it. It was
"lost" for six centuries and only rediscovered in 1812 by the famous traveller
Burckhardt. The city is reached by a
winding, narrow gorge (six feet at the
widest) with cliffs on either side rising to
260 feet in height. There is nothing more
exciting in travel than to enter Petra
along this gorge on horseback. The visitors know they are at the end of the
gorge only when suddenly they find
themselves in front of the so-called
"Treasury of Pharaoh". Like all the
Nabataean structures in Petra this
"building"' is entirely carved in the
rose-colored rock and stands more than
100 feet high. These sculptured buildings display an attractive blend of
Greco-Roman, Egyptian and Persian
designs. In this capital of the
Nabataeans the visitor gets the feeling
that he or she is in a city of giants with a
splendid aesthetic taste.
For many of us, this feeling of exhilaration was yet to reach its climax as we
arrived in Egypt, described correctly by
Herodotus as the "gift ofthe Nile." The
ancient Egyptians spoke of their country as the "Two Egypts" a name which
is also preserved in the Biblical Hebrew
name misravim. One, Upper Egypt, had
its capital at Thebes, modern Luxor; the
other, Lower Egypt, had its capital at
Memphis, on the outskirts of Cairo.
Lower Egypt was more Mediterranean
in character while Upper Egypt showed
more African influence. Sadly enough.
Memphis does not offer the visitor as
much in architectural remains as does
Thebes, simply because it had been
built over, while Thebes remained less
molested by successive occupants. As a
result, many people arrive at the incorrect conclusion that the achievements
of Lower Egypt were limited to the
building of the Pyramids and the
Sphinx. The Cairo Museum contains
many objects that give evidence to the
contrary.
Whether in Thebes or in Memphis the
Egyptians have throughout their history
displayed a uniquely impressive taste in
art, architecture, music and literature.
One is overawed by the engineering and
stone-work of the Pyramids and the
Sphinx; by the endless number of temples along the banks ofthe Nile from the
Cataracts to the Mediterranean; by the
wall paintings and the furnishings and
sculptures in the tombs of kings,
queens, artists and scribes; by the towering obelisks rising to touch the sun.
One, in addition, is impressed by the
fine artistry of the Copts, the Egyptian
Christians whose early patriarchs in
Alexandria were surrounded by a host
of learned men intent on carrying on the
tradition established in Hellenistic
times,  which had  made  Alexani   i(l
major centre of learning. The tni
the   Muslim era  beginning wit
seventh century are equally striki
the Mosque of Ibn Tulun (ninth eenf
tury), in Cairo, mud, brick and p iste
speak as eloquently as do stom  an
marble in the finest cathedrals. '! i j
Middle Ages Cairo boasted many ! is
tals, public libraries, endowed pri\ at
or by the ruler, a university, Al-/ 7
(A.D. 970), which is the oldest tit
Western world, colleges and sc 1
and many mosques of exquisite design
Egypt is not only a "museum wi
walls", it is an artistic and intoxiea
feast. Who could forget the sigh s
either bank ofthe Nile as we sailed from
Aswan to Luxor?
At the hotel in Luxor I was given the
specific room I had requested. It was a
vast room, elegantly furni shed and look
ing over the Nile toward the City ofthe
Kings. At different times two of the
giants of my childhood had stayed in it,
Howard Carter and the Earl of Carnarvon. It was a marvellous way to end this
journey into time.D
Dr. Hanna Kassis, is associate professor of religious studies at UBC and hit
has dedicated this story of a modem
pilgrimage along the route of kings tot.
Dr. M. McGregor, a lover of Greect[
and "herparents." ,
amp
torn
emu
}mti
Brio.
di
bn,
ode
kti
oati
>sso
iw,
ivk
'ml
■-fl
•■   1
We're Going on a Cruise,
And We Hope that You Will Join Us.
It's the
UBC Alumni Association ■
Block Seci/greefe Isles Hir /Sea Cruise
We depart Vancouver via Seattle
On May 21st, 1977
And return on June 3,1977
Our Ship:
Prestigious Sun Line's Stella Oceanis.
Our Charter Cost-Saving Price:
As low as $1498, which includes round-trip airfare
via chartered jet; accomodations aboard ship; gourmet
dining; transfers and baggage handling; pre-arranged
optional shore excursions; gala parties and
nightly entertainment.
Mail this coupon today for a memorable and
carefree holiday.
Deluxe Adventure
Our Exciting Itinerary:
Athens, Hydra, Patmos, and Mykonos, Greece;
Dikili/Pergamon, and Istanbul, Turkey; Odessa and
Yalta, USSR; Constanta/Bucharest, Romania.
UBC^iumni
Trarel
ir;-
A Won-H©cjisft©Kit©d
Send to:
UBC Alumni Association (228-3313)
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, BC V6T1X8
Enclosed is my check for $.
as deposit.
Name(s)
-($100 per person)
•«'v
Home Addre
City
Prov.
Postal Cod.
M1
28 ?■'.
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■-■/-i
Government Health
Sciences Commitment
Welcomed
The alumni board of management has welcomed the provincial government's
reaffirmation of its commitment to upgrade
the medical teaching facilities on and off the
campus and to build a community teaching
and research hospital on the campus. The
announcement ofthe government's intention
was made October 21 by the minister of
health, Robert McClelland and the minister
of education, Dr. Patrick McGeer.
In a letter to the premier and the members
of the government alumni president, James
L. Denholme, said the board of management
ofthe association particularly welcomed the
announcement in that the medical school will
now be able to begin preparations for its
long-needed enrolment expansion allowing
British Columbians an opportunity for a medical education that approaches that ofthe rest
of Canadian students.
(In 1950-51, in B.C., there were medical
school entering class places for one in every
19,000 ofthe provincial population. This was
6,000 over the national ratio. In 1974-75 the
number of entry places at UBC had increased
by 20 to allow 80 new students each year.
This meant that one in 30,000 of the provincial population had a chance at a medical
education. The national ratio? 1:12,643.)
Each year for the last three years there
have been more than 800 applications for
admission to the UBC medical school. Of
these at least 220 were excellently qualified
young British Columbians. Clearly there is a
demand for medical education among the
most qualified students. And there is a need,
too, for more doctors. Projections prepared
by a UBC research group for the provincial
health manpower working group indicate
that the UBC medical class must be expanded to 160 places if there is not to be a
29 Cecil Green Park is wearing a new coat of
paint thanks to the Young Alumni Club. The
club contributed $5,000 to the cost ofthe
project. YAC members Michael O'Neil and
Catherine Stewart inspect the new color
scheme.
■■ry i-\ ■■■.•..■-:
■ --■  V*.     v ■•
m::
r/jf UBC Memorial Book contains the
names of all those from the university who
served during the two world wars. Looking
through the book is ceremonies director,
Malcolm McGregor, head of a new project
to complete the book's biographical data of
the UBC veterans. Alumni are being asked
by letter to send in details of their service
careers for inclusion in the book. If any
UBC veterans do not receive this letter,
please contact the alumni office, 6251
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B C ,
V6T1X8 for full information.
serious decline in the present physician/population ratio in the province. Current figures
indicate that 160 physicians retire from practice each year in B.C.
During discussion of last March's announcement of the government's health sciences proposal the alumni board of management expressed concern regarding the
operational funding for the campus hospital
and the increased costs associated with the
expanded medical school. This concern, a
request forfunding clarification, became part
ofthe board's unanimous motion of support
for the project. As a result, said Denholme,
"the board was very pleased to note the government's assurance that operational funding
for the hospital and the expanded medical
school program will be provided in addition
to the budget allocations needed to maintain
the other important educational functions of
the university."
It's been 30 years since the alumni association adopted as a policy the principle that the
university should have a campus teaching
and research hospital to complement the
30
teaching facilities arranged with the city hospitals. There are still, as UBC's president
Douglas Kenny has said, problems to be solved, but we're a lot closer to turning the sod.
CUP Comes to
Ubyssey
" Hands up all those who can identify the The
Finest Student Newspaper West of Blanca.
Well done, it is The Ubyssey. Full marks to
the boy in the back row."
The Ubyssey has won top honors among its
peers in the Canadian University Press so
often it's become a bit of a habit, picking up
all those awards. This year they won't have
so far to carry them back to the newsroom.
The Ubyssey is hosting the 39th annual conference of CUP at the Vancouver Sheraton
Plaza 500 Hotel, December 26 to January 2.
Representatives from the more than 60
member university student newspapers are
expected to attend the sessions on news writ
ing, newspaper production and design, thi
role of the student newspaper and trends
education. (We understand there may be
occasional social event.) The Ubyss<'\ stafi
has been very busy raising funds to cover the
costs ofthe conference. A $2,500 grant from
the UBC Alumni Fund is helping towards
their $ 13,000 goal. Old Pubsters who feel
clined are most welcome to attend ary or
ofthe seminars. For more info call S e Voh-
anka, co-editor, The Ubyssey, 228-2 :01
Vancou wer Institute:
Spring Season 61
The Lower Mainland's premier :
series, UBC's Vancouver Institute or
spring season of its 61 st season on J
15. It offers an outstanding collec
ideas, opinions and knowledge for s;?
by all those who make their way on S;
ecture
ens thi
:inuar>
'ion
mpling
tarda)1
of Ilor Donovan Miller (centre) guest at
\lo\    ngeles branch meeting, chats with
^ R id and Elva Plant Reid, B.A. '52,
'JO
s to lecture hall 2 of the campus In-
uctji 'ial Resources Centre at 8:15 p.m.
z\ ct nplete schedule will be available in
jrly December but to date confirmed speak-
isare Dr. Alexander Woodside, of UBC's
istory department speaking on China and
'letnatn, A New Era; Dr. Tuzo Wilson, an
na<ionally famous geophysicist from the
i ity of Toronto; Dr. James Kennedy,
fofessor of computer science at UBC,
'11 toll us about computers and how they
ot that way; Vice-president for faculty and
tudent affairs, Dr. Erich Vogt, will be pro-
idmg an up-date on the accomplishments of
riuraf, the university's meson facility; Dr.
Lysyk, the new dean of law, a
lecialist in constitutional law and native
Professor A.G. Woodhead, a classicist
Cambridge University; and Professor
Iberhard Belhge, an authority on to-
jktarianism and Professor Juan Linz, from
'ale, discussing Spain and Portugal. Both
lofessors Bethge and Linz are visiting the
ampus as Cecil and Ida Green Visiting Pressors.
In the "pending" section are Al Johnson,
resident ofthe CBC and Catherine Graham,
ublisher of the Washington Post.
All lectures of the institute are free to the
ublic and new members are most welcome.
'he fee is $6 for an individual, $2 for students
r$10for a family membership. These funds
re used to prepare the program brochures
nd advertising and for occasional travel ex-
enses for speakers — all of whom volunteer
leirtime to the institute. Membership appli-
ations and brochures are available prior to
ach lecture or by calling the UBC informa-
on office at 228-3131.
[here's Hore to
AC Than Yak, Yak
herd of YACs is heading off in all direc-
The Young Alumni Club, one of the as-
n's most active groups is busy invent-
ng new ways to expend all that collective
mergy They ventured into politics with a
t-the-candidates-night" before the
Vancouver civic election. And would you
leheve a Halloween party with prizes for
costumes?
They have several sessions of their successful Manning Park ski weekends planned:
December 11-12; January 22-23; February
12-13; and March 5-6. The costs are kept to a
urn, so if you are among those who like
ne combination of slopes, skis and sun
sometimes) at bargain rates contact the
ilumni office, 228-3313 and make a reservation.
The weekly YAC gatherings continue at
-ecil (.reen Park with piano music, Thursdays, £ p.m. to midnight and a live band on
Friday-. from 9 p.m. Membership is $8 and
'Pen t--> alumni and senior students. New
AC president, Tony Toth, BA'73, is on
land most evenings and he's the one to see if
°u've ,'ot a great idea for the club program.
pey ar - always looking for something diffe-
€fent-1 st month they had Cecil Green Park
wtPaintet,
"Come with ira
toTheHarrii^i.'
for just 12 dar.;.
I promise yoivil
discover a
beautiful senfy
©f well-being'■"-.:.
renewed vital;'1 '■•■
Ifs a wonderf(
feeling!"
Kelerae Eberle, previously     / s:«   . ., ■,
Program Director ofthe        [■ J '.-.v1-
farmous Golden Door
Eeaaty Sjss.
■*..-■.. .    .. .' ' .''i-if
..-yy'. .
"It's new. And very exciting. The Harrison Health and Beauty Holiday. A 12-day
program of exercise, relaxation and good nutrition I've devised that really brings
benefits to both your mind and body. Under my personal direction you'll discover many simple techniques you can use in your daily life, but here at The
Harrison we'll take advantage ofthe natural hot mineral pools, our ladies' health
centre, specially prepared menus and beautiful surroundings. I promise you'll
discover that wonderful sense of well-being and renewed vitality. Write me, or
contact your local travel agent."
New! The Harrison Health and
Beauty Holiday.
A 12-day wonder.
In The Harrison Health and Beauty
Holiday you get meals, daily massage,
beauty treatments, hair appointments
and gratuities all included. Send for
our brochure.
The Harrison
Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia.
In Vancouver call toll-free 521-8888, elsewhere
(604) 796-2244 or see your travel agent.
31 t u
Reunion Days '76 welcomed many alumni
back to campus. It was open house at Cecil
Green Park and Donald Hammersley,
BCom'46 (top, left) of Spokane and Arthur
Wirick, BA'36, Saskatoon, came down for
coffee, cookies and conversation while Rose
Whelan, BA'36, BEd'52 (above, right) took
a bus tour ofthe campus. At the Winter
Sports Centre, Team Alumni took on the ice
hockey Thunderbirds. Mickey McDowell,
BPE'68, MPE'69, (above, left, without
helmet) gives some coaching from the
bench. The score? Birds, 6; Alumni, 3.
Other reunion activities saw alumni from
the classes of years ending in '/' or '6'
dining and dancing on campus at the faculty
club and graduate student center and
downtown at the Commodore. The class of
physical education '50 got together in
mid-September at the Surrey home of
William Smithaniuk.for a barbeque, with
nearly 50 alumni, faculty and spouses
attending
32
Gage Student Aid
Project Underway
Every student needs a helping hand from
time to time and it's part of UBC's history
that so often that hand was Walter Gage's. As
professor, dean and president he always
seemed to be able to come up with the extra
dollars needed to help a student project get
underway.
When Dr. Gage, who still teaches a full
schedule of math classes, retired as president
in 1975, the Engineering Undergraduate Society established the Walter Gage Student Aid
Fund to ensure that support would be available for student projects unable to find funding
elsewhere. The EUS made a special appeal
for the fund to faculty and engineering alumni
and other contributions came from the 1975
and 1976 Grad Classes, the Vancouver Rot
ary Club, alumni and other friend
university.
The fund is administered by a co?
composed of representatives of the
association, the alumni association,
ident ofthe EUS and the director o'
awards. In the past year a wide v, iety
student groups have receive^ he
Speakeasy, the SUB based inform; ion a
counselling service used $200 to j irch;
pamphlets on birth control and vern eald
ease for free distribution to student , a$,
grant assisted the women's sailing :earn ti
compete in an international regatta in Bos
ton; theG.M. Dawson Club was abk tosem
several representatives to the weste n
university geological conference as a resul
of a $275 grant; Intervarsity Chris?.an Fel
lowship and the Contemporary Dance Qui
also benefited.
The Walter Gage Student Aid Fund is,
you can see, a lot of things to a lot of people
But the one thing it is not is a scholarship
bursary fund and it should not be tonfusei
with the Walter Gage Alumni Bursary Fur
which provides academically based awan
for students in need of financial assistance.
brochure outlining all the activities of thi
Walter Gage Student Aid Fund is availabli
by contacting the UBC Alumni Fund, 625
Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, BC
V6T 1X8(228-3313).
Commerce Faculty
Seeks New Dean
Situation vacant: UBC Dean of Commerc
and Business Administration.
Dr. Noel Hall, dean ofthe faculty for thi
past two years has resigned to return to
fulltime role as professor of industrial fel
tions. One of Canada's leading mediators,!
is currently trying to find a way to solve son
of the post office's problems. And a facult]
and student committee is trying to find a
dean.
The committee is looking for nomination!
and applications for the position and the)
have asked alumni to forward any sugges
tions regarding qualified candidates who are
or who may be interested in the position
"We hope to ensure that no good candidate
overlooked," said Dr. Karl Ruppenthal.sec
retary of the selection committee. Wnttei
applications or nominations, accompamei
by a resume of qualifications and experiencf
should be received as soon as possible and nc
later than January 31, 1977 by Dr. B. Reidel,
Selection Committee, Dean of Commerce
and Business Administration, UB1', 207S
Wesbrook Place, Vancouver V6T 1W5.
Alexander Wood
memorial Fund
Established
To more than a generation of UBC indent
Alexander Wood was a friend and 'eacher
His colleagues recognized his out-tandmi
research contributions as a nui itiona
biochemist.
A  UBC graduate in agriculture f;' W1
followed by a master's degree in  H38
earned his doctorate from Cornell Unvei
in 1940 before returning to join the I BC fa
culty. During his years at UBC as pi fessoi '] {nfanimal husbandry he also served as direc-
jaLrof t ie university research farm and direc-
t tor of research activities in animal nutrition.
'$L \%> 'ie was as^ed to come to the Univer-
\ Ltv of Victoria as dean of arts and science.
rer.iained in that post for two years, here signing to be the founding head of the
,nent of bacteriology and biochemistry
UVic.
After Dr. Wood's death last June in Vic-
:i memorial fund in his name was estab-
by a group of his former students, coles and friends. They hope to raise
money to provide an annual scholarship for a fourth year student in agriculture
who plans to go on to graduate work, prefer-
jbly in the field of nutrition. A committee,
chaired by president emeritus Dr. Norman
MacKenzie, is preparing an appeal for funds
for the scholarship. Contributions can be
made through the UBC Alumni Fund.
H\    , ,!.,,
r   ,-   '
i1: -   ' v-~:
- v"
Alumni
miscellany
is Concerts will be making more music
m the new year with student concerts
I January 20, February 1 and 17. AH concerts
begin at 8 p.m. in the recital hall ofthe UBC
music building.... The highlight ofthe spring
sporting schedule, the Fifth Annual Chronicle
Invitational Squash Tournament and lumfeed
is set to begin play 10 a.m., Saturday, February 12 at the Winter Sports Centre.
Smashers, flailers and assorted hangers-on
most welcome.... UBC president Douglas
Kenny was special guest at the home
economics division annual student-alumni
dinner, November 15 at Cecil Green Park....
A lot of alumni in Vancouver heard bells
ringing on November 18. The reason? Nearly
40 student members ofthe Big Block Clubs,
spent a lot of time on the phones for the UBC
Alumni Fund Phonathon.... The student af-
committee hosted an informal dinner at
Cecil Green on November 4. Guests were
faculty members and student leaders from
many areas of the campus. Chuck Connaghan, UBC vice-president, administrative
services was guest speaker and fielder of
many questions. (Where to park your car and
soggy sidewalks are real issues on this campus--still!).... MUSSOC, the student musical society, is taking a nostalgic look at
Broadway, from 1900 to 1976. "They Said It
With Music," an original production, written, directed and produced by the club members will open at Victoria's McPherson
Playhouse January 28. There will be an opening night reception and discount tickets for
alunrni. (More details to come.) The show
open at the Old Auditorium, UBC, February 2, 8 p.m., for a two week run. Tickets,
$3 an i $4, from the Vancouver Ticket Centre
and tse UBC Thunderbird Shop. The MUSSOC visit to Victoria is assisted by a grant
from the alumni fund.... Other areas around
the province and further afield are planning
alumni branch events for the near future:
ftrtirtom; Trail, Nelsom, Castlegar; Prince
George, Williams Lake; Port Alberni; Courtenay; Seattle and Edmonton. Watch your
mail 'ior more details.... For information on
any of these programs or events contact the
alumni office, Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver, V6T 1X8,
(228-3313). D
'..'■■   ■    //>*/ : ..:■•'f-'Vjffc t hid
:■ •      .-■J   -:•'.   > 4,v\nT ■*-#!;- '
!      . \
:y fe
v.   *-i
-1-'   k\    ij-",.   ■; v
Jr..
33 poryoiHnr
ins
nd.
ack
lgv
elo
Dorothy Blakey Smith, BA'21, MA"22, (MA,
Toronto), (PhD, London), received another
honor for her editing of The Reminiscences
of Doctor John Sebas-tian Helmcken. She
was presented with the Dr. Walter Stewart
Baird Memorial Gold Medal on the recommendation of the faculty of medicine. The
medal, recognizing outstanding work in the
history of health sciences, is donated by Barbara Baird Gibson, BA'35, BSN'55, BLS'63,
in memory of her father.... In a recent letter,
Harold Offord, BA'24, MA'25, expressed his
concern over the dearth of contributions in
the 1920s section of "Spotlight". The passage of time was made more evident to him
when a grand niece of his, a UBC graduate of
'75, was married. We share his concern and
urge all of you to drop us a line. Let us know
where you are and what you're doing. Speak
up — we know you're out there.
The passing of 46 years brings enormous
change to the face of a university as W. Merle
McKeown, BSc'30, noted when he visited
UBC for the first time in that many years.
Former classmate, James A. Pike, BSc'30, of
Vancouver, informs us that he had to help
McKeown 'find' the library as so much had
changed since he left for Capetown soon
after graduating. McKeown, now retired,
was with the Anglo American Corp. of South
Africa for most of his career.... The Brothers
Gibson have both had the occasion to speak
to rather distinguished audiences lately. At a
lecture marking his appointment as the
1976-77 visiting professor of Canadian
studies at the University of Edinburgh,
James A. Gibson, BA'31, (B.Litt, MA,
DPhil, Oxon), president emeritus of Brock
University, spoke on the subject of Canadian
viceroys at Canada House, London. William
C. Gibson, BA'33, (MSc, McGill), (D.Phil,
Oxon), (MDCm, McGill), head ofthe UBC
department of the history of science and
medicine, gave the FitzPatrick Lecture for
1975 at a special joint meeting of the Osier
Club of London and the Royal College of
Physicians of London that marked the 300th
meeting of the Oslerians.... Retirement does
not necessarily go hand in hand with inactivity and such is the case with Geoffrey G.
Smith, BA'37, and his wife whose retirements in June were marked by a special din-
34
Ruth Simonsen Lotzkar
How did it all start? It was actually very
simple — boys' corduroy pants to be
exact. As Ruth Simonsen Lotzkar,
BA'52, recalls, "a bunch of us had talked
about the problem of children's clothing
over a bridge game, and we found that we
were all concerned about the shrinkage,
costs and so on. Someone asked whether
we wanted to come to a meeting about
this new association. We thought we
should really do something."
The new association was a local branch
ofthe Consumers Association of Canada
that former head of the UBC home
economics department, Charlotte Black,
was attempting to form on the North
Shore. Lotzkar joined as a charter
member and for over nine years has been
involved with one area or another of the
association. She has served as the B.C.
president and, for the past two years,
prior to her election this year as president
ofthe C AC, was a member of the national
board.
Growing out of the Wartime Price and
Trade Board, the present association was
formed in 1947. The original objective, to
curb the rising cost of living, has remained a top priority with the organization. As Lotzkar puts it, "We work as
watchdogs really. We watch government
and industry. We try to communicate and
we try to be as cooperative as possible;
we like to have input into legislation. Our
role is to protect the consumer in the
marketplace, and we feel that we've
helped to make it more fair."
Today the CAC has over 90,000 members and is trying hard to deal with three
major issues of public concern — comprehensive national energy, food and
housing policies. Its past successes are
numerous: changes in health protection,
food and product safety standards; investigations into air fares, railway rates and
passenger problems. "People want durability in services as well as products so
that there is less taxing of our resources.
We attempt to disclose shoddy products."
The problem of funding is a tough one
for the CAC. Run strictly on a volunteer
basis, it draws its money from memberships and subscriptions to the Canadian
Consumer and a federal government
grant.
Low income groups are a major concern of the organization and various
methods are being attempted to contact
them. "We would like to offer free information and magazines to those who can't
afford it, and perhaps have two types of
memberships, one with lower fees."
Lotzkar feels that the middle-class nature
ofthe organization is essential to its existence. "Our volunteers are really subsidizing the CAC — they feel that they are
helping others."
Lotzkar is no exception. Like the other
active members in the association, her
position demands an awesome amount of
her time. It is usually the telephone that
starts her day at 6 a.m. — calls from the
east where it is already mid-morning. One
result of her position is that her entire
family, husband Joseph, BA'50, and her
five teenage children, are all involved
with her work. "They get annoyed at me
at times. Yet they're quite good about it."
She flies to Ottawa regularly where she
meets with federal government officials
and attends industry conferences as a
consumer representative. It is with communication that Lotzkar is most concerned — not just between the vanous
departments of the federal government,
but between the association and the consumer. "I feel that we haven't bee: as
open to the public as we should h ;ve
been," she explains. She means by t■ .is,
not just keeping the consumer in the marketplace informed, but also with pro id-
ing public access, before legislation to
the numerous research documents nat
tax dollars h^ye prepared. "These should
be available to us if they're not an issu of
national security." Meanwhile, ;ne
strength ofthe CAC lies in numbers. " Ve
would like to reach everybody — an ■;n-
possibility unless you have access to he
mass media and the advertising budg.-'ts
that some companies have." ,
ir
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ager
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an -rided by more than 200 guests. Vete-
,o missionary service in China, England
A'rica, the Smiths are not about to sit
iring their official retirement. In keep-
,wi h their history, they will undoubtedly
■ loo ing for new challenges.
lis retirement as director of technol-
a sessment with  MacMillan Bloedel,
Cox, BA'41, MA'43, (PhD, McGill),
l j continue his career as a consultant
t'e Science Council of Canada and to
ness and universities.  Dr. Cox is a
member of the National Research
il of Canada and of the board of man-
it of B.C. Research, and was MacMil-
Bloedel's first corporate research direc-
The guerilla-like raids into Lebanon
by Ian McCiaren Steele, BASc'45,
for neither Palestinian nor Syrian
They were attempts to straighten out
daily business of managing an oil refinery
a country swept by civil war. His most
departure was aboard a US Navy craft
sped hirn to safety after the Syrians shel-
the Mediterranean Refining Co. Now on
n Vancouver, Steele assumes that he
eventually return to the Middle East, and
one way eagerly looks forward to it — he
the Vancouver food prices unbelievably
high.
Ranjit Hail, BA'46, has been elected the
president of a new association helping new
Canadians and landed immigrants from India Hall, an administrator with the federal
government in Ottawa, is concerned with the
development ofthe awareness of the Indian
people that they are now citizens of this
country".... Although some actors would
consider it a fowl blow, Joy Coghill Thome,
BA'47, is not the least upset by her latest
venture — playing a chicken in the recently
filmed Jacob Two-Two Meets the Hooded
Fang. Determined not to lay an egg when
reading for the part, she "very conscientiously went out into a field and practised being
chicken." Former artistic director of the
Vancouver Playhouse Theatre Company,
Coghill finds herself playing opposite ex-
footballer Alex Karras in the part of Mistress
Fowl, a miserable jailer, in the Mordecai
Richler script.... Still in the realm of show
business, vice-president of programming and
production for Vancouver's new CK VU-TV,
Norman Klenman, BA'47, brings with him an
impressive background in television, film
and journalism. Among his past achievements is a stint as the first chairman of the
writer-' committee of ACTRA, and he was a
found) ig member of the International Writers'G-.ild.
Was -em D. Kills, BA'47, MSA'49, (PhD,
wa), has been appointed UBC's new dean
ofagn :ultural sciences. Dr. Kitts, who was
made fellow ofthe Agricultural Institute of
Canad t in 1974, is a specialist in animal nutrition aid physiology.... A former assistant
Profes or for the department of health care
andep demiology at UBC, Robert G. Wilson,
"A'47 was appointed secretary-general of
•taCt! iadian Medical Association. Dr. Willis :o stranger to the CM A, as for several
years :e represented B.C. on the board of
'"recti TS and in 1973 was appointed chairman.
% ' fecial Bewley dispatch comes word
that B.C. provincial court judge Cordon Victor Hugo Johnson, LLB'48, has been elected
president of the Canadian Association of
Provincial Court Judges. The 900-member
association has two aims — to assert and
maintain the independence of the judiciary as
the third arm of government and to provide
upgrading and continuing education for its
members.... Leaving behind the Montreal
winters, Albert F. Joplin, BASc'48, has
moved to Bermuda. The decision to move
was not entirely based on climatic considerations; it followed his election as president
and chief executive officer of Canadian Pacific (Bermuda) Limited. Prior to his new appointment, he was vice-president, operations and maintenance for CP Rail.... Formerly a judge in the New Westminster
county court, Leslie Malcolm McDonald,
LLB'48, was recently promoted to the position of senior judge. This appointment was
one of two court changes involving UBC
alumni announced in Ottawa by justice
minister, Ron Basford, BA'55, LLB'56. The
other concerned Vancouver lawyer Hugh
Legg, BA'50, LLB'51, a former treasurer of
the B.C. Law Society, who was appointed to
the supreme court of B.C.
The UBC computer science department
recently changed leadership as Paul C. Gilmore, BA'49, (MA, Cambridge), (PhD,
Amsterdam), assumed the position of head.
He returns to UBC from the IBM Watson
Research Center in New York. In 1971 he
was on the faculty as visiting professor of
mathematics.... Irving John Payne, BA'49,
MA'52, (PhD, Pennsylvania), recently
joined the staff of MEI-Charlton, a Seattle
consulting engineering firm, as principal
bioscientist. Prior to his appointment, he was
professor, chairman and director of graduate
studies at Quinnipiac College of Connecticut.... William Winterton, LLB'49, has left
Calgary to take up his new position of company general counsel for Gulf Oil Canada in
Toronto. For the past six years he has managed Gulfs legal affairs in western Canada,
the Yukon and the Northwest Territories.
As president of the British Columbia Development Corp., Donald Duguid, BSc'51, is
concerned with the province's economic
growth. The corporation was formed in 1973
to provide loans and assistance to small
businesses and to develop and provide serviced industrial land within British Columbia.... Ross G. Duthie, BSc'51, president of
Placer Development, celebrated fifty years
of successful mining by having the company
sponsor a cross-country tour for the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra.... The congregation of St. Mark's Anglican in Kitsilano is
now under new leadership with the induction
of Bruce Gifford, BA'53, as its minister.
After serving on the staff of St. James Church
in Gastown for five years, Rev. Gifford spent
ten years as a professor of German literature
at Simon Fraser University and served for
three years as the senior academic advisor.
It takes a special kind of person to accept a
job for which the salary is extremely low and
the working conditions very poor, in a country where our 'necessities' are regarded as
luxuries. Such a person is John McGhee,
MD'56, who. with his wife and three chil-
Leonard Marchand
dren, has been sent by CUSO to Papua, New
Guinea for one year. He will work as a surgeon and his wife, as a general practitioner.... The new minister of state, responsible
for small businesses, Leonard Marchand,
BSA'58, is the first Native Indian to hold a
federal cabinet post. He is the MP for
Kamloops-Cariboo.... After a three-
year absence to serve as one of the four
original members ofthe B.C. Labour Relations Board, Nancy Morrison, BA'58, (LLB,
Osgoode), has returned to the bench in North
Vancouver. Known as a strong and vocal
supporter of more justice for all social
minorities, Morrison's opinions must now
be strictly neutral. However, in a discussion
about judicial decorum with the chief judge,
it was agreed that it would not be a conflict
Now published!
HISTORY
ofthe
FACULTY OF COHHERCE
and
BUSINESS
ADMINISTRATION
by
Dr. Earle D. MacPhee
We are pleased to announce
the publication of Dr. MacPhee's
book The History of the Faculty
of Commerce and Business
Administration. Available only at
the UBC Bookstore. Or mail
coupon below.
The Bookstore
The University of British Columbia
2075 Wesbrook Place
Vancouver, B.C., Tel: (604)-228-4741
Please send me copies at
$4.95 each plus 50c postage and
handling. □ Cheque    □ Money
Order
NAME  	
ADDRESS  	
35 Thunderbird
Spring 77
The horne and away schedules for men's and
women's basketball are identical. All home
games are played at the War Memorial Gym:
women, 6:30 pm; men, 8:30 pm.
Jan. 7-8   UBC at Alberta
14-15   UVic at UBC
21-22  Calgary at UBC
28-29   UBC a* Saskatchewan
Feb. 4-5   UBC at Lethbridge
11-12  Alberta at UBC
18-19   UBC at UVic
(Jan. 1-2, Thunderettes host an invitational
tournament at the Memorial Gym.)
Rygby
All home games begin at 2:30 pm at Thunderbird Stadium.
Feb. 19 UBC at Oregon State
21 UBC at Oregon
26 Washington at UBC
Mar. 12 Western Wash, at UBC
19 UBC at UVic
tee Hockey
AH home games start 8 pm, UBC Winter Sports
Centre.
Jan.
Feb.
Mar.
7-8
Saskatchewan at UBC
14-15
UBC at Alberta
21-22
UBC at Calgary
28-29
Calgary at UBC
4-5
Alberta at UBC
11-12
UBC at Saskatchewan
18-19
Alberta at UBC
25-26
UBC at Calgary
3-4
playoffs, location TBA
All Thunderette games played at the Memorial
Gym.
Jan. 8  Thunderette Invitational
tournament, 8:30 am to
11:30 pm
28-29   UBC at Alberta
Canada West tournament
Feb.        12-13   Canada West tournament
at UBC.
For tickets and further information on the above
events or on any UBC athletic events contact
the athletics office, 228-2295 (women) or 228-
2531 (men). It is suggested that you inquire
locally for location and time of "away" games.
36
for her to continue to speak out on the subject
of women's rights.
Bruce E. Spencer, BSc'58, has recently
been appointed exploration manager for
Western Mines Ltd. Spencer has been with
the company since 1970 and prior to his new
appointment, was chief geologist.... Bruce
K. McKnight, BSc'65, has joined Western
Mines as exploration manager for eastern
Canada. Based in Toronto, he will coordinate the company's eastern projects with
particular emphasis on uranium exploration.... David Gordon Butler, BSc'59,
MSc'61, (PhD, Sheffield), is now professor
of zoology at the University of Toronto....
John F. Ogilvie, BSc'59, MSc'61, (PhD, Cantab), is now with the department of chemistry
at Kuwait University. He was previously
with the chemistry department at Memorial
University in Newfoundland.... Leaving the
Simcoe County Children's Aid Society, Ian
D. Wallis, BSW'59, MSW'60, (MEd, Toronto), has joined the faculty at Georgian College of Applied Arts and Technology. He will
be teaching in the mental retardation counsellor training program, Orillia Campus.
Inger Hansen, LLB'60, is in and out of jail
frequently, but it's all in the line of duty for
the penitentiary services investigator who
was in Victoria for the local justice council
panel and the annual meeting ofthe B.C. Bar
Association. With access to any of the 50
federal prisons, she refers to herself unofficially as an ombudsman because the title
more aptly describes her function of listening
to the inmates' numerous problems and making her subsequent recommendations.... The
one that got away is often the subject of
Fishes of the World by Joseph S. Nelson,
BSc'60, PhD'65. The new book discusses
evolutionary theories from the most primitive forms and their fossil relatives through to
the most evolutionary advanced specimens
in  the  waters today    Accepting the
Nanaimo posting "because ofthe beauty of
the area," Bruce Hoadley, BEd'63, is now
Nanaimo district superintendent of schools.
Our better mousetrap department... The
two years of research conducted by Reginald
Clements, MASc'64, (PhD, Saskatchewan),
in his basement laboratory at the University
of Victoria, has sparked considerable interest in Great Britain. His efforts to develop
an internal combustion engine that would
save on fuel and maintenance and cut down
on pollution emissions, has led Clements to
the design of a high energy spark plug capable of a much greater efficiency than the conventional plug. While he works at perfecting
the engine, Clements hopes to attract the
attention of the Canadian industry — the
door is open and the path as yet unbeaten....
Avtar Singh Dhaliwal, BSc'64, recalled in a
recent interview what it was like in 1964
wher he started to work for Alberta Government Telephones and was only one of a
handful of East Indians living in Edmonton.
Dhaliwal is president of the Sikh Society of
Alberta, a group representing about 2000
East Indians, most of whom have come from
the state of Punjab in the north of India.
William Neilson, LLB'64, has resigned as
deputy minister of the B.C. consumer services department, an office he held since the
department was established in 1973. Neilson
David N. Spearing
leaves January 1 st to teach law at the Univei
sity of Victoria.... If you have been con|n;
cerned over the damage caused by deer am i?
other such munchers as they browse you IE'
shrubs and trees, you can now relax. Ken i ,
neth J. Mitchell, BA'65, (MA, PhD, Yale)!*
has reason to believe that in most cases thi I
damage is only slight. While on the faculty or?11
the Idaho College of Forestry, Wildlife anil J111
Range Sciences, Mitchell has developer*1"10
computerized techniques for predicting thi
growth and yields of forest plantations. HiH.1'
theories are illustrated by a system of tre P*
growth models that show in miniature th §,
effects of variable conditions on forest plots fev
— all that munching is just judicious prun|ra
ing.... Niarudeem O. Adepipe , BSA'66||
PhD'69, writes to inform us that he is novir
professor of agricultural biology at the Unijjn
versity of Ibadan, Nigeria. J|SS1
David N. Spearing, BArch'66, foresees a™™
economically disastrous future for the pro
ductivity of B.C.'s flatlands unless steps an
taken to investigate the benefits of mountan
slope communities. Author of Living oi
Mountain Slopes, his work has gone virtuallB
unnoticed in Canada's most mountainouiir'
province. But he now finds himself delugeijP
with enquiries from foreign countries tha||or
want to apply his research to their particulaIor
situations. Spearing argues that continue! ^e
use of such areas as the Fraser Valley folMa
habitation and industry is bound to destrofl ^
the agricultural productivity of B.C., and hip
maintains that mountain-slope living can nol
only be safer, but more attractive and nil ™
more expensive.... Glenn Allison, BA'67, is*
hard at work in the UBC Fine Arts Gallerfl1!'
determined to restore the old image and tig °r
revamp the rather poor exhibition sp-ce. Hp
was appointed curator in July. Allison prog
poses to have the gallery "act as a Kind ojL
catalyst for general awareness ofthe r.nblic.'B
Meanwhile, he is busy wielding brush aim
paint — not on canvas, but on the b.'^emenlj s
walls of the UBC library where the gallerw
has been located for the past 20 y -*ars .BP
Shirley K. Funk, BSc'68, (MBA, Nor'hwe
ern), was appointed assistant to th;. viceHB
president of technical administration f<
Travenol Laboratories in Illinois.
Barry G. Hitchens, BCom'68, M;«A'7i
has been appointed vice-president ant;' dr
tor of A.G. Becker (Canada) Ltd.
Becker Securities Corp. (Chicago). M
also been named a director ofthe Ca.-i
Pension Management Association .
Leslie Horswill, BA'68, has been appoint'
1,
v &
Mr. and Mrs. William N. Duncan, BA'66, a
daughter, Beth Erin, August 31, 1976 in
Kamloops.... Mr. and Mrs. George Teather,
MASc'67, (Vicky Palsson, BA'68), a son,
Erik William, June 16, 1976 in Ottawa.... Mr.
and Mrs. Kenneth J. Lott, BSc'69, a daughter, Heather Anne, August 17, 1976 in Vancouver.... Mr. and Mrs. Eonald E. Sowerby,
BCom'69, (Lynne Bergman, BEd'67), a son,
Kevin Brent, September 7, 1976 in New
Westminster.... Mr. and Mrs. David' H.
Friederich, BA'72, a daughter, Rachel Kara,
June 30, 1976 in Dawson Creek.
Paisley
a advisor to Progressive Conserva-
leader Joe Clark. He is responsible for
dinating Clark's parliamentary ac-
,ities He joined the Opposition leader's
lice in 1969 as a research assistant, and in
1573 became the assistant program advisor to
Stanfield.... Brian Paisley, BEd'69, is
C 's new theatre consultant. After UBC he
nine years in London where he was
imanly involved in theatre education,
his return from England, he has been
,ith the Vancouver Playhouse.
Two UBC alumni are recent arrivals in
Biunswick. Robert J. Lamb, BA'69,
Missouri), (ABD, City University of
York), is assistant curator at the
:verbrook Art Gallery , Fredericton,
he is preparing a catalogue of the gal-
y's permanent collection cf British and
an art. William H.W. Lynch is now an
it professor at the University of New
ick.
ton Journal reporter, James Davies,
70, (BJ, Carleton), was twice honored
a 1975 Journal series entitled "Pensioner
a Month". He took second prize in the
Club of Canada news category, and in
he won the Grant MacEwan Commun-
Coilege President's Media Award 'for
huting to the good of the communi-
P. Rolf Johannson, BA'70, (MA, PhD,
Hopkins), is director of conferences
short courses at Simon Fraser Universi-
Pnoi to joining SFU, he was a research
tant with the B.C. Universities Council and the B.C. department of economic development.
Departing for a warmer clime, former
UBC law students association president, Til
ULNawatzki, LLB'72, (BA, SFU), has left
Burnaby law practice of two years to
William I. Wilson
re-open his office in the Cayman Islands....
Aslrid Janson, MA'72, is an illusionist. With
space her medium, she sculpts and illuminates the stages ofthe Toronto theatre. After
UBC, she returned to Toronto where she was
resident designer with the Toronto Dance
Theatre. She has also worked for Toronto
Workshop Production, and for the past year
has designed CBC-TV's Tommy Hunter
Show.
Tired of being shoved around but afraid
that you will look too pushy if you object?
Helga Weber, BA'73, has the answer for you
and it's called assertiveness training. During
a six-week workshop held this fall, Weber, a
counselling psychologist, guided her disciples through a re-learning of behaviors. As
she puts it, "a lot of things we've learned to
do we can unlearn... basically assertiveness
training is putting out what you want, how
you feel, and what you're asking for and
doing it in such a way that you don't feel
guilty about it.".... After serving many years
on the board of directors ofthe B.C. Association of Non-Status Indians, William L. Wilson, LLB'73, has been elected president of
the organization. The association has dropped the title "Non-Status Indians", a classification made by the federal government,
and renamed itself the United Native Nations. It devotes itself to the cause of preserving the languages, cultures, religions, art
forms and traditions of Native Indians.
Addressing the annua! conference of the
Canadian Institute of Chartered Accountants, Rupert Bullock, BCom'75, sergeant
and head of stock-market surveillance in the
RCMP's Vancouver commercial crime section, urged accountants to stop avoiding their
responsibility to report any illegal activities
of management. He reminded his listeners
that they "must remember that they are
employed by the shareholders, not by management, although it often seems the reverse." Bullock has been investigating
white-collar crime since 1970.
WEOOD
Griffaths-Davies. Robert A. Griffiths, BSc'71,
BA'75, to Andrea Carol Davies, BMus'76,
July, 1976 in Vancouver.... Roberts-Wilson.
S. Scott Roberts to Brenda R. Wilson,
BSc'72, August 21, 1976 in Vancouver....
Hunter-Chubb. Neil Hunter to Catherine
Chubb, BA'70, MSW'73, October 23, 1976in
Vancouver.... Life-Barry. Robert C. Life to
Laura Lee Barry, BSc'73, October 11, 1976.
©EATfHt
Leslie E. Carbert, BA'46, (PhD, Columbia),
August 1976 in Palo Alto, California. He was
recently named chairman of the Santa Clara
Planning Commission of which he had been a
member since 1973. In 1953 he joined Pacific
Gas and Electric Company as a tax
economist. Since that time he served on
numerous international, state and local
commissions and committees. He was a
founding regent ofthe John F. Kennedy University, Martinez. He is survived by his wife,
two children, two grandchildren and his parents.
Hugh Graham Christie, BA'42, MSW'52,
accidentally in West Vancouver in August
1976. After 11 years as warden of Oakalla,
the B.C. penitentiary, he resigned in 1963 to
join the Department of External Affairs,
foreign aid section. He spent two years as
executive director of the Canadian University Service Overseas before being appointed
the senior United Nations representative in
Nigeria in 1968. Two years ago he was appointed a member of the National Parole
Board. He is survived by his wife, two sons
(Graham Christie, BSc'73), and a daughter.
Willson H. Coates, BA'20, (BA, MA Oxford), (PhD, Cornell), September 1976 in
Rochester, New York. Historian and professor emeritus at the University of Rochester,
jN-
£>*
xja^*"
Wayne Bartsch. . .He's
ail ears for your OSympus
questions. Knows most of
the answers too!
^^yymsmmMi^^m^mmcnmMM. UBC ALUS1NS
ASSOCIATION
BOARD OF
ilANAGEHENT
1976-77
Honorary President: Dr. Douglas T. Kenny, BA'45,
MA'47.
Executive
President: James Denholme. BASc'56; Past President:
Kenneth Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58; Vice-president: Charlotte Warren, BCom'58; Treasurer: Paul Hazell,
BCom'60; Officers: J.D. (Jack) Hetherington, BASc'45;
W.A. (Art) Stevenson, BASc'66; Oscar Sziklai; MF'61,
PhD'64.
Members-at-large (1975-1977)
Aunna Currie, BEd'60; Michael Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67;
Donald MacKay, BA'55; Helen McCrae, MSW'49;
Thomas McCusker, BA'47; M.T. (Mickey) McDowell,
BPE'68, MPE'69; Mark Rose, BSA'47; W.A. (Art)
Stevenson, BASc'66; Doreen Walker, BA'42, MA'69.
Members-at-large (1976-78)*
Joy Fera, BRE72; Joan Gish, BA'58; J.D. (Jack)
Hetherington, BASc'45; Brenton Kenny, LLB'56;
George Plant, BASc'50; John Schuss, BASc'66; Oscar
Sziklai, MF'61, PhD'64; Robert Tulk, BCom'60; Kenneth
Turnbull, BASc'60, MD'67; Barbara Vitols, BA'61.
Committee Chairs
Douglas Aldridge, BASc'74, Student Affairs: John
Cartmel, BPE'66, Men's Athletics: Blythe Eagles,
BA'22, Hon. DSc'68, Fairview: Watler Gage, BA'25,
BA'26, LLD'58, Speakers Bureau: Wayne F. Guinn,
BA'70. LLB'73, Spec/a/ Programs: Joe Katz, Com-
mui\ications: W. (Bill) Keenlyside, BA'34, Aquatics
Centre Fund; James McWilliams, MSF'53, Allocations:
E. Roland Pierrot, BCom'68, MBA'69, Alumni Fund:
Tony Toth, BA'73, Young Alumni Club: Jennifer Warny-
ca, BSN'69, Womens Athletics: Randy Yip, BSc'66,
Travel.
Division Representatives
Commerce: Pat Parker, BCorn'68, MBA'69; Dental
Hygiene: Frances Lawson, DDHy'71; Home
Economics: Nadine Johnson, BHE'65; Nursing: Ruth
Robinson, BSN 70.
Alma Mater Society
David Theessen, President: Herb Dhaliwal. Finance.
Faculty Association Representatives
Leslie Crouch, President: Roger M. Davis, BCom'68,
Treasurer.
Executive Director; Harry Franklin. BA'49.
"These members-at-large were declared elected on
April 26, 1976, in accordance with the UBC Alumni
Association constitution, for a two-year term, 1976-78
he was internationally known for his writing
and editing on.British history and Western
European cultural history.Following service
in the First World War. he returned to UBC
to become president of the Alma Mater Soc -
iety from 1919 to 1920. A former Rhodes
Scholar, he joined the U.R. faculty in 1925.
He was founder and first editor, 1960 to
1970, ofthe "Journal of British Studies;" He
returned to UBC as a lecturer in the Summer Session of 1970 when he joined the 50th
anniversary ofthe class of 1920. In 1972 he
served as chairman ofthe Joint Committee of
Canadian and American Historical Associations. He is survived by his wife and three
sisters, (Dr. Lila Coates Maltby, BA'21;
Bertha Coates Cooper, BA'24; Carol Coates,
BA'30).
Gordon W. Coghlin, LLB'52, August 1976
in Farmington, Connecticut. A Second
World War veteran, he joined the Travellers
Insurance Companies in Vancouver in 1953.
In 1973 he was appointed director of international operations in the life, health and financial services department ofthe companies in
Hartford, Connecticut. He is survived by his
wife, a son and two daughters.
Joan E. French, BA'27, September 1976 in
Victoria. She is survived by her sister.
Robert A. Healey, BCom'66, November ,
1976 in Vancouver. He was president of
Edoco Healey Technical Products and Excelsior Paper Stock Ltd. At UBC he was a
memberof Zeta Psi. Survived by his wife and
son, mother and two sisters, (Carlie Healey
Baker, BA'63).
Rosemary Hodgins, BA'49, LLB'50,
November 1976 in Toronto. A practising
lawyer, she was on the board ofthe Ontario
Elizabeth Fry Society and the Ontario Association for Penal Reform. At UBC she was
a member of the AMS council and Delta
Gamma. She is survived by her mother.
Stephen Edward Maddigan, BA'30, (MS,
PhD, Purdue), June 1976 at Walnut Creek,
California. The first director of the British
Columbia Research Council, he established
the major fields ofthe council's present day
activities. After leaving Vancouver and until
his retirement in 1970, he was assistant director of research for Kaiser Aluminum Company and later senior technical advisor at the
Kaiser Centre for Technology in California.
He is survived by his wife, a son and two
sisters.
John Frederick McKenzie, BA'50. 1976 in
Calgary. In 1939 he enlisted as a boy seaman
and was selected from the ranks to attend
Royal Roads Military College from which, in
1941, he graduated as one of the youngest
lieutenants in the Canadian Navy. After his
service as an anti-submarine specialist in the
Second World War, he worked in the petroleum industry and was later appointed
Commander of HMCS Tecumseh at Calgary.
In I960 he became the first Albertan to be
installed as honorary aide-de-camp to the
governor-general. He is survived by his wife,
a sister and a brother.
Erhart Regier, BA'50. October 1976 in
Langley. B.C. He was on the executive of the
B.C. Teachers Federation and was an organizer and executive member of the B.C.
Credit Union League. He was elected from
Burnaby-Coquitlam to the House of Commons in 1953. resigning in 1962 to provide a
by-election opening for then national New
Democratic Party leader. Tommy Douglas.
He is survived by his wife, two sons and two
daughters. D
1
LETTEB
An Historical Postscript
In Sally Abbott's article "A Gentlewo nr\
British Columbia" (Autumn 1976), t
the following statement: "The Alliso
uscript is an extraordinary one, the o tl
tant account ofthe life of a pioneer wo
British Columbia...."
This statement is not really accura el
grandmother, the late Eunice M.L. H- rig
(nee Seabrook) widow of the late Juo
Harrison, a judge named in the same
ment as Sir Matthew Baillie Begbie,
her autobiography entitled Pioneer J,u
Wife in 1946. This book was the story
life in Victoria, the Cariboo and Nana
from her birth in 1860 and life in Briti1 h
umbia in the pioneer days from 1864 to I
Her manuscript was published post!
ously in the magazine, Northwest Dij.
November 1951 to May 1953, in e
number of that magazine, which was is
monthly.
Her original manuscript was purchase
the Archives at the Parliament Buildinj
Ottawa, Ontario in 1959, and a bound co[
all the installments of Pioneer Judge's
was also bought by the Archives in Vict
and a bound copy ofthe installments pi
in the historical museum at Barkerville
Elouise Harrison Wilson, LL
Crofton.
A Credit Line
The article "Squeezing the Research Do
by Murray McMillan in the Autumn
issue was most thought provoking.
However, Mr. McMillan was remiss i
giving credit to Ed Murphy of CJOR
raised over $25,000 for Dr. Tze's dial
research. Mr. Murphy's outstanding suf
was given short shrift in the mini-fea
Open-Line Funding.
Credit where credit is due, please.
Arleigh F. Martin, BE
Richmond
For The Record
I would welcome Dr. Roger Gaudry with
greatest warmth to the McGill staff (Chi
cle, Autumn 1976, page 27, column 3). Ut
tunately for us at McGill, Dr. Gaudry
member of our great sister institution,
University of Montreal. He was in fact
first lay Rector of the university, bol'
office from 1965 to 1975 through the penc
the university's greatest expansion.
Robert E. Bell, BA'39, A
McGill Unhe
Montreal. C
In the listing ofthe speakers in the fall.^ t'O
of the Vancouver Institute Dr. Ga m
name was associated incorrectly with I Id
University rather than with the Univei >'M
Montreal. Dr. Bell, principal and i|
chancellor of McGill, also notes "que.
un pen surpris. mats comme ban diplo'ii^
UBC.je sais bien que cette institution it'
jamais des erreurs." (The Chronicle n >ij
something else again. Pardon! - Editi i)
38

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