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UBC Alumni Chronicle Jun 30, 1977

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Which is what Carrington Canadian does. But for many
more good reasons than merely the look of the bottle.
Carrington is distilled in small batches, aged and
mellowed in seasoned oak casks; it's light, in look and
smooth in taste. Carrington, it's special, and, in our
opinion, like no other whisky in the world.
■* ■>» ■*•>»,>
ME 31, No. 2, SUMMER 1977
Reaping a Watery Harvest
Murray McMillan
UBC's Museum of Anthropology,
a Treasure House That Teaches
Eleanor Wachtel
It's What's Between
the Covers That Matters
Geoff Hancock
Earl McKenzie
)y special arrangement this issue ofthe Chronicle carries as
n insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the university
dministration's campus publication, containing a round-up
I university news and events during the spring term.
iDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
•DSTORSAL ASSISTANT Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
f OVER Annette Bruekelman—Based on the doors ofthe
Museum of Anthropology, carved by the artists
of 'Ksan.
i Media (604) 688-6819
rial Committee
• Joseph Katz, chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA'74; Clive
sg, BA'62; James Denholme, BASc'56; Harry
in, BA'49; Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, MFA75; Michael
Hi iter, BA'63, LLB'67; Murray McMillan; Bel Nemetz,
'3£ Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
d quarterly by the Alumni Association ot the University of British
a Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered.
SS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green
3d Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8, (604)-228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The
chronicle is sentlo all alumni ofthe university. Non-alumni subscriptions
Ale at $3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES:
w address, with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records,
-il Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8.
paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 2067 B3E131
Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
President's Message
As a result of student days at UBC, and whether
evaluated in either academic or social terms, most
alumni have a great deal for which to be thankful.
Many benefits are not readily identifiable in terms of
direct services received measured against fees paid.
Because the returns far outweigh the outlay, I submit
that at some time after graduation it is incumbent upon
UBC graduates to give some form of service to their
Not since 1932 has your university been faced with
financial retrenchments proportional to that of today.
Never have UBC alumni been able to render their
association and their alma mater greater assistance
than they can today by volunteering their service in
one or more capacities. Alumni volunteers have a
unique opportunity because they represent a fortunate
segment of the population that has had access to
higher education. As an educated, articulate and
generally prosperous minority, alumni have a potential
for making their influence felt and directing
worthwhile change.
As this is the time of year to acknowledge the
valuable contribution made by the 1976-77 UBC
alumni volunteers, both within B.C. and throughout
the world and to welcome the 1977-78 committee
members, the significance ofthe total number of
volunteer hours must be appreciated. Collectively,
however, more volunteers must be prepared and
encouraged to give some time toward the continuing
welfare of UBC, in particular, and Canadian
post-secondary education, in general.
The UBC Alumni Association faces a shortfall of
between 10 and 15 percent in its 1977-78 budget,
relative to 1976-77. This was basically caused by a
substantial dollar reduction and postal rate increases.
One immediate result has been a decrease in the
number of staff members employed by the association.
Clearly, volunteer commitments in the next year must
become more pronounced if our programs are not to
be drastically reduced, or in some instances,
eliminated. We must also assist with services which
we can perform as easily or economically as staff
members who in turn must be left reasonable time to
try to provide information required by alumni, to at
least explore the possibility of meeting requests to the
association for assistance in matters pertaining to the
university and to display always the "welcome mat"
— in a word to provide "service. "
May 4, 1977 marked the 60th anniversary ofthe
founding ofthe UBC Alumni Association. Let us
renew that "Fairview Spirit" of 1917. I urge you to
come forward and contribute your time, talents and
training. Tuum Est.
Charlotte L.V. Warren,
President, 1977-78 Li
1      I
"Ceres first taught mortals to plough
the land when acorns and wild strawberries failed."
Three decades or so before the birth
of Christ, the Roman poet Virgil composed those words in The Georgics, his
epic plea for the restoration of traditional agricultural life in Italy. His
words, cast in foot-high Setters, form a
frieze which stretches the length of one
wail.in the agricultural sciences conference room in UBC's MacMillan Building, silently reminding ofthe simple origin, mythical though it may be, ofthe
science which rules the production of
our daily bread.
In that mythical evolution, Ceres, the
Roman goddess of agriculture, took
mere mortals out of the age of being
hunters and gatherers, always dependent on chance for their daily survival
and led them into a new era — they
began to influence what the land pro-
duced, made it bring forth the food they
wanted, arranged the timing to fit man's
needs. The harvest was now to be
reaped in an orderly fashion, not by
"Man, to begin with, was a hunter
and a gatherer. Agriculture developed
because man could no longer rely only
on what he could catch or shoot or
gather — he began planting his crops,
husbanding his animal population,"
explains Prof. Beryl March, BA'42,
MSA'52, of UBC's faculty of agricultural sciences. "There is no way man
could feed the numbers now on the
globe if he were still hunting and gathering."
But that long-ago evolution concerned only one area — albeit the major
one — of man's food-producing concerns: the land. His other great resource, the sea, has remained much like
the primeval forest.
"Not so many years ago, those con
cerned with world food supplies though!
that the waters of the world containei tui
an almost unlimited supply of fooi tei
material. We've come to realize tha shi
their estimates were very much on thi
optimistic side," says March. "Nowwi
tend to consider limiting our takes ol
most fish on a sustained-yield basis so
that we do not deplete, but we are srillin
a 'hunting' situation."
Seldom is large-scale fishing onsi
dered as a form of hunting, yet it >s,ai
surely as man hunted on land eons ago.
Production of such a commodity as bee'
is farming — control ofthe physical area
of production, control of feed, ccitrol
of breeding, control of harvest
comparison, fishing can appear primitive indeed.
Yet that is changing too. Internal onai
agreements more and more control the
laws ofthe sea and the degree to w hi
foreign vessels can harvest the c
resources of another nation's coa t ir essence, control of hunting. Now a
gt r step is being taken, one which is
if g man from hunter to producer. It
, :h • development of aquaculture.
Tt ■ quote Dr. John Zahradnik, head of
]( "s department of bio-resource en-
neiring and agricultural mechanics,
if.ar.culture is "The husbandry and cul-
,1-e of animals and plants in aquatic
, *f.ms, both fresh water and marine,
•)• *he purposes of increasing and
, b:Sizing man's food supply in such a
■„y as to minimize environmental im-
\n ;ls or interference with natural popu-
, icns of aquatic species."
'With aquaculture, we're at the point
1 x     i, a' that agriculture was at millions of
. us ago," explains Prof. March,
'.^uaculture is not a science of refining
i.^sent fishing practices, although
n..ny of the   aquacultural scientist's
•■ncerns have relevance and the possi-
v-ty of adaptation to traditional marine
„■ 'vesting. Aquaculture does focus on
r.rtn-made environments for the promotion of marine protein, whether the
l-h or plant life is to be raised and har-
f-.ted in a totally artificial setting or in a
intural body of water which has in some
»■ .-y been fenced off to allow the control
S oroduction within it.
The concept is not new. Many na-
■'>?ns, but especially those ofthe Orient
' cd in particular, Southeast Asia, have
I't g histories of using both natural and
Tt.ficial ponds as well as fenced-off sec-
i'jis of natural marine bodies for the
r" tivation of fish and shellfish. One
■>.f a to which the Asian influence spread
v "s Hawaii, where in 1901 it was esti-
■i "ted that 350 operations which today
"cald be classified as aquaculture were
b:\ig tended prior to the first Western
.■:' aences reaching the islands. (That
I-.* ;e-scafe production long ago faded
'My, and today the state, as part ofthe
'i »rt to diversify its economy, is exa-
■ j ing the potential of aquaculture.)
'or most  of the early  aquacul-
i    i. ilists, the process was part of subsis-
>   :e farming: raising enough fish or
.   * llfish or seaweed for home consump-
thfitiop, and possibly modest trade. The dif-
wf fere nee now is size and the increase in
production is little short of spectacular.
sj*, Eleven years ago, the United Nations
Fond and Agriculture Organization held
Ihe first world conference on aquacul-
tun- and at that time it was estimated
tha one million tons of fish were being
pr< Juced annually through aquacul-
tun .
i y last year, when the FAO held its
set >nd conference on the subject at
K\ )to, production had risen to more
tha i six million tons. With assistance
fro a the FAO, some 34 developing
co< ntries have formulated 10-year
aqi aculture production programs, set-
tin targets based on existing and
pn /en systems of culture. But the inert t.se in production is only beginning.
An FAO report to last year's meeting
looked at future possibilities: "These
targets, together with production increases from other countries, are expected to contribute to a doubling of
world production through aquaculture
in 10 years. Based on the present world
production, this would amount to nearly
12 million tons by the end of 1985, and if
this pace of increase is maintained, it
may be reasonable to expect that at least
a five-fold increase by the end of this
century will be possible."
Where does Canada stand in present
production? A long way down the list.
The FAO's estimates for 1975 comprised eight categories (finfish, shrimps
and prawns, oysters, mussels, clams,
scallops, cockles and other molluscs,
and seaweeds) and Canada showed up
in only two of them: finfish and oysters.
Oyster production through aquaculture
was 5,080 tons compared with 229,899
tons for the world leader, Japan; in
finfish, Canada ranked 41st with 1,103
tons compared to the leader, China,
with 2.2 million. A total production of
6,183 tons compared with a world total
of six million hardly puts Canada in the
But without the strong traditional development of aquaculture and dependence on it which are typical of many
leaders in the FAO's eight categories, or
a shortage of highly-developed food-
protein production industries such as
many of the developing nations face,
Canada is understandably down the list
in actual production figures.
At present, says Zahradnik, there are
only 15 or 16 fish farmers in British Columbia, but numerous concerns are looking at the possibilities which aquaculture offer. Research being carried out
this summer by faculty and students of
the department of bio-resource engineering may form the basis on which
Canadian aquaculture can be considerably increased. Their laboratory is the
UBC Research Farm Number Two at
Oyster River on Vancouver Island (see
accompanying story) and there they are
looking at both aquaculture systems and
complementary aquaculture-agricul-
ture production possibilities.
Andy Chan, who this year graduated
with his bachelor's degree in agricultural engineering, is examining the possibilities and problems involved in using
aquaculture for production of rainbow
trout. Two hundred pounds of trout, at
various stages of growth, will be divided
among 16 "raceways" — troughs
measuring two feet wide by 16 feet long
and divided into thirds by screens which
keep the fish population of each section
The raceways are not static ponds.
Water from the Oyster River is brought
into a flow regulator and sent in one end
of the raceways, flowing from one section to the next through the dividing
screens and out the far end. "We hope
to eventually put it into an irrigation
system for use in growing alfalfa — at
that point it would be a combined agri-
culture-aquaculture study," Chan explains. One of the basic advantages of
aquaculture is the potential for combined systems in which one system
feeds off the other: crops grown under
irrigation using water which has been
through an aquaculture system may
eventually be harvested and used as
feed for that system.
Unlike a commercial project which
would want to introduce young fish to
the system and grow them to a harvest-
able size, the project at Oyster River
will be kept at a total of 200 pounds of
fish, says Chan. The aim is to see what
rate of water flow, what amount and
type of feed (three are being tried: one of
all commercial fish feed, one of all farm
material and one half-and-half) and
what oxygen level are most favorable
for that volume and weight offish. The
trout in each section of each raceway
will be weighed regularly to monitor
their development, says Chan.
A second project is being undertaken
at the research farm this summer by Ray
Fung, who has just graduated in bio-
resource engineering. He plans to grow
seaweeds in the Strait of Georgia,
around the mouth of the Oyster River,
and also in tanks at the farm.
"There is a possibility that the seaweeds which are grown could be edible,
and there is also a possibility that they
are a method for tertiary treatment of
sewage effluent," says Fung. "So there
are two benefits: first the seaweed can
be sold which could give you a good
financial return and there is the second
benefit, pollution control."
Several ofthe edible seaweeds can be
used for bacterial growth media as well
as producing extracts and emulsifiers
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and Laboratory
On the eastern shore of Vancouver
Island, about midway between Courtenay and Campbell River, the Oyster River flows past a parcel of select
farmland and on into the Strait of
Georgia. On the north side of that
estuary sits what may be the most
carefully managed dairy farm in
British Columbia.
To use its proper title, it is the Uni-
versity Research Farm Number
Two, a little-known satellite campus
of UBC; among the people involved
with it, it is referred to simply as
"Oyster River."
The 1,500 acre farm — comprised
of 360 acres stretching down to the
ocean beach, and an "upper farm" of
1,140 acres further inland — is the
legacy of Barrett C. Montfort, a New
York banker and real estate investor
who had an intense interest in the
practice and improvement of agriculture. In the early 1950s, through
Montfort's acquaintance with Sherwood Lett (who was then chancellor
of UBC and chief justice of British
Columbia) the idea arose to lease the
farm to UBC for teaching and demonstration use. By 1954 an agreement was reached and the university
took over the property with Montfort
making major contributions to the
farm's operating budget.
When he died in 1962, the Oyster
River property was valued at half a
million dollars. Montfort willed it to
the university, with the stipulation
that "for at least 20 years after my
the use ofthe property for more than
20 years now, it was only last year
that title was transferred to UBC.
Because ofthe 20-year stipulation in
Montfort's will, his executors retained title until it was apparent that
the university would not default in its
commitment to maintain the spirit of
his wishes.
"He insisted that it be used as an
agricultural facility," recalls Dr.
Blythe Eagles, who was dean of agriculture when the farm was turned
over to UBC. "I think that he had a
genuine and fundamental interest in
education and he wanted to have the
farm used to stimulate activity and
research in the field of agriculture.
He had a feeling for the breeding of
superior crops and of superior animals."
Today the farm is an ancillary operation of the university which pays
its own way while providing a practical classroom and research laboratory for students and faculty in agricultural sciences. Last year the
farm made a profit: with a herd of
more than 300 cattle on the farm,
milk sales brought in $319,512, livestock sales brought $18,460 and miscellaneous revenue was $5,279 for a
total of $343,251 — well over expenses of $336,013. The place simply
is not allowed to run into a deficit
position, explains Dr. Warren Kitts,
who is dean of agricultural sciences
and chairs the farm's nine-man management committee.
Day-to-day operation of the farm
is the responsibility of Leo Kansky
BSA'54, MSA'55, who has been
farm manager since 1955. He oversees   a   staff  of  six   permanent
Farm staff member, Neils Holbek,
(above, left) inspects some ofthe
prize-winning "Ubyssey" dairy herd
ofthe Oyster River farm.
employees and the student and
casual   help   hired   during  peak
"Mr. Montfort wanted to make
sure that students had an opportunity to work there and that the activities that were carried out were of
a practical nature," says Dean Kitts.
On a day-to-day basis it is a functioning dairy farm, but it serves numerous research purposes as well, accommodating studies geared to practical farming, such as milk production records, animal waste handling
methods, irrigation records, energy
utilization, use of various types of
equipment for feed handling, breeding studies, forage studies.
A final facet of the farm's operation is public education. "Our faculty has a responsibility to bring
food production to the public's attention," says Kitts. "The farm is open
to the public and to some extent it is a
huge demonstration model." School
children are given tours, dairymen
from the area come for expert advice
and are given assistance, young
members of 4-H clubs use the farm
for annual gatherings.
What future developments are in
store for Oyster River? For the moment, the status quo rules: Kitts says
the only plans are to continue to improve the farm's operator). But looking beyond 1982, when Montfort's
20-year proviso has run its course?
Dean Kitts remains tight-lipped....D
J leit
sed  in  numerous  food  processes.
/full   most seaweed used for food is
.i,ly   small part ofthe finished product,
is also a market for the basic sea-
ttself. particularly in Japan where
sed much like a vegetable. The
s being carried out at the research
are small-scale projects which
i eventually be used for large-scale
stt ns, says Zahradnik. He sees the
sment of bio-resource engineering
• ricultural mechanics (which is at-
I to both agriculture and applied
e) as a sort of gathering point at
data from many different discipline together. "The fundamental
fs of aquaculture are of interest to
departments in the faculties of
p-e and agricultural sciences. Our
basis is on putting al! the bits and
s together to make it work," he
ys "We find gaps in knowledge which
then turn to colleages to try to fill
Be!yl March is one of those with a
trong interest in developing the basic
nowledge needed to make such sys-
ems work. She is a member of the de-
artment of poultry science and does
rork in the field of comparative nutri-
on. There are many nutritional
imilarities between poultry and marine
irganisms, so her studies have led her
nto aquaculture.
As soon as you attempt total man-
igement of animals, you have to know a
;reat deal about them. If you are supply-
ngall the food for them, you must sup-
ily all the necessary nutrients and sup-
)ly them in a balance to enable them to
;row at a rapid rate," she explains,
(nowledge of physiological and
netabolic characteristics is essential, as
s providing an environment which
avors both reproduction and maximum
jrowth rate.
Finally," she says, "you have to do
t on an economic basis — it must be
sound financially, nutritionally and in
:erms of energy used. The project must
x economic in all senses ofthe word."
Acording to Zahradnik, UBC is
panada's leader in aquaculture research
-several faculty members are working
in the area and many students are doing
dire^ t studies in the field. In keeping
with the leading position, this fall the
fact-ties of agricultural sciences and
app ied science will offer the first
coij; ses in the subject — one in basic
met ,ods of analysing and evaluating
aqu; cultural systems, the other in the
desi ;n of such systems.
Tiepath is set for a new breed of food
s"scie itist, the aquaculturalists. If the
FA' ., growth projections hold true and
'Cat, .dians decide to join in the de-
jvel- pment, they're bound to be
Plot ;ers, and much in demand.□
Min- ay McMillan writes for the Vancouver Sun.
ig British Columbia^
. febssage.
.  >efore the first white man
the 'Inside Passage' it was a
lighway for the adventurous
5 and for the trade goods
;ed by the superb craftsmen
coastal Indian tribes.
, nature is still untamed in
. agnif icent region. Ships and
: are dwarfed by snow capped
, towering waterfalls and
~. 'jords. There are no coastal
-> or hundreds of miles but you
joy the wonder of it all in
rt and take your car or
., * r along. Drive aboard our
j n ferry-liner, enjoy excellent
* id accommodation then
j   shore and explore the vast-
^ : British Columbia. Truly the
^y^iyy.yyy yyu
.".;■.•■.'.■.■■   ■■ ■.■■'..v;'.-V.,;Ji   '*,.■
l s send you a colourful
».nof Prince Rupert brochure. Write to:
Howe St., Vancouver, B.C.
ida V6Z 1P6,
see your local travel agent.
'x    Queen of Prince Rupert" registered in Canada. UBC's Museum of Anthropc
a Treasure Hoys© That Tea
Frank Burnett made his fortune in grain
on the prairies and real estate in Vancouver at the turn ofthe century. At 50
he retired and spent the rest of his life
sailing the South Seas, writing travel
books and indulging a growing passion
for collecting. Once he'd heard about an
important rare object, little could deter
him. One artifact that escaped him initially took him all the way to Australia
where he talked the original purchaser
into selling it to him. That piece, the
"Shark Goddess", a two-foot high
wood carving from the Gilbert Islands,
is one of the 1200 items he donated to
the University of British Columbia in
This fine collection was the core
around which the Museum of Anthropology was established 20 years later. Dr. Harry B. Hawthorn, the first
anthropologist at UBC, and his wife
Audrey, the first curator, were given
responsibility for the care and use of
Burnett's assemblage. It grew in their
hands. Through their own involvement
with the Northwest Coast's peoples and
cultures, the Hawthorns acquired (and
often salvaged) many totem poles,
masks, dishes and other Indian objects.
Everything was cached in the basement
ofthe main library. It took almost three
decades for these and a variety of other
collections to find an appropriate home.
In the spring of 1976 the UBC
Museum of Anthropology opened. A
striking edifice overlooking Howe
Sound, it was designed by major Canadian architect Arthur Erickson. Now
one year later, it is appropriate to look at
what the museum has accomplished and
what it still aims to do.
Ask any of its enthusiastic staff what
the purpose of this museum is and you
get a double-barrelled answer. First,
there's the training and research function which embraces not only scholarly
study of artifacts but also promotes the
teaching of principles of museum operation. This is one of the very few
museums in the country where students
do yz
are given a whole gallery, <■ '
can participate in the comple o
of planning, budgeting, proi t-
signing and mounting an exr>>
selves. That's a plus which should eve
tually benefit the whole community
better-trained students go out to ot
Susan  Moogk,  an  anthropolog
graduate student who'd like to d
museum work as a career, alluded to the
extraordinary amount of work neces-    '
sary for even a relatively straightfor-      *
ward exhibit like the one she and her
fellow students prepared last term on     J
ancient objects from Peru. "It's an
ordeal by fire, an initiation into museum  *fj
experience. Some were turned of^ by it  sCt
and never want to be involved again, bu**IP
more of us were really hooked on it;
going back to the exhibit two weebi-j  ■;
after the opening to check if the labels'','*^
were still alright, and so on."
The museum's adjacent role is t
make the university's collections more
accessible to the public. To help in the
(This page) A birthday party makes a
careful examination of a Kwagiutl
house frame from Qttatsino Sound,
carved in 1906 hy George Nelson.
(Right, clockwise from top, left). A
Tsimshian baptismal font from the
Methodist Church, Port Simpson,
carved by Freddy Alexei, 1886.... (■ eiry
Marks, a young carver, at work on i
new totem in the old Totem Park
storage shed.... In visible storage, i
10th century golden. Buddha calls t e
earth to witness.... Before the mus inn
many totems waited like these, in t c
Totem Park shed.... From Hope
Island, the head of a 12 foot Kwag ill
house post looks into the sun throb di a
museum skylight.... A student sket lies
the Kwagiutl carvings -a sea lion
house post (left), a 19th century
welcome figure from Bltmden Hari '/'
and another housepost, (right), a
human holding a human head. mi
,$• The Collectors
Collecting seems to be a
widespread human trait.
Excavations in the Near East of
4000 year-old settlements reveal
that residents had objects that were
2000 years older still. The museum
has an archivist, Audrey Shane,
BA'74, who researches not only the
origins of objects but something of
the history of their donors as well.
Around the time that Frank
Burnett was sailing the South Seas,
there seems to have been a
fascination locally with Chinoiserie
and the Orient. It was a kind of
golden age of collecting, done on a
grander scale than is usual today.
There was no limitto what you could
crate and ship: a very fragile
five-foot high Chinese Buddha made
of plaster was acquired during that
era. The Fyfe-Smiths, for example,
had business dealings in the Orient
and the whole family would sail
together on the Empress line and do
some collecting on the side. Their
daughter, Florence Fyfe-Smith,
purchased a cross-section ofthe
Kilborn collection for the museum.
Dr. Leslie Kilborn was a medical
missionary in Western China who
had a special interest in jade and
snuff bottles. Missionaries and
diplomats often were eager
collectors. G.H. Raley was a
missionary at Kitimat and Port
Simpson who amassed a fine
collection of masks and other
carvings which was purchased for
the museum ihrough H.R.
■UBC faculty, staff and graduate
students who were going abroad
might ask curator Audrey Hawthorn
if there were something they ought
to buy. One faculty member brought
back materials illustrating Okinawa
dyeing techniques; tools and
explanations for the whole process.
A graduate student researching in
northwest Pakistan returned with a
complete woman's costume,
including jewelry and clothing she'd
worn herself during her year's stay.
Letters and memoirs often
provide insight into the nature ofthe
collector as well as the collection.
The Burnett Oceania collection
literally bristles with spears, war
clubs and ornamental knives. W.
Kaye Lamb's recollections of Frank
Burnett speak of this: "i.saw him
several times and . . . the thing that
astonished me about him was that
An interesting case or a dedicated
amateur dates back to the '30s when
a UBC geologist, Michell Pierce,
went north to collect geological
specimens. He was fascinated by
Eskimo clothing and material
culture and collected dozens of
items. He carefully packed these
and shipped them south. However,
the vessel got caught in the ice and
sank. Pierce started all over again,
still at his own expense and this time
successfully sent artifacts back. The
museum today has some ofthe
stone lamps, bone needle cases and
fine clothing he acquired. His
geological work took him next to
Siberia and then to South America.
The last heard of him however was a
letter from New York stating that he
intended to get married and settle
down. The intrepid adventurer
bought a chicken farm and no
further artifacts were ever received
from him.
10 I ♦.
de"1 Hopment  of public  programming,
(he National Museums of Canada con-
UiHted an operating grant, and local
sot rees, such as the Vancouver Found-
aln n, supported a Sunday afternoon
lee' jre-demonstration series.
calendar of museum events is published three times a year. And although
the museum isn't yet on the tourist map,
iti' plugged into the convention circuit,
tha' has funnelled in diverse groups of
ace juntants, anatomists and B.C. en-
ers' wives. One hundred and fifty-
nin school groups visited during the
second half of 1976, which along with
reg ilar admissions brought total visits
to ( 4,000 during that period alone.
Recently there was a special educa-
tio l program organized by curator
Mailelaine Bronsdon-Rowan, BA '63,
MA '66, for visually handicapped children. This summer there are two sessions for senior citizens and a pilot project for children involving community
The grandest gesture towards public
accessibility, a veritable democratization of scholarship, is the set-up of the
museum itself. Unlike most other
museums which display only the tip of
the iceberg, a fraction of their collections, the Museum of Anthropology
puts everything they have up front,
under glass — this is the visible storage
concept. It takes a while even for
museum experts to realize what it is.
They are accustomed to the notion of
the museum as treasure house; they
wish to preserve the mystique, the
showplace element and hide everything
else backstage.
The visible storage areas reveal a
wide range of artifacts and expose an
equally wide range of quality. The
museum, sometimes receives criticism
for displaying second rate objects or for
arranging them in crowded conditions.
"But that," responds director and anthropology professor, Michael Ames,
BA'56, "is what a storage area, rather
than a fine arts or didactic display, is
like." The priority is to understand cultures, not necessarily to observe only
their most aesthetically pleasing products. Fortunately, the two often coincide .
Visible storage is a novel approach,
ard will take time to become fully ac-
ct pted and understood. Ames is
confident that the concept will catch on,
ard in time evolve further. "This
museum itself will become an exhibit of
ar old-fashioned visible storage area."
Not only are the objects themselves
physically present, but all accumulated
ir ."oirmation on them is available in the
National Inventory of Collections'
computer-linked data-books found near
th-; display cases. Looking through this
documentation demands a greater level
ol participation than most museums expect. The rewards, however, are com
mensurate: more of a sense of di
and of openness.
Master carver Bill Reid re marl
visible storage "fulfills the prima
ity I think a museum should hav
they allow you to see what the
Then too, the four-sided glas
some ofthe masterpieces are he
give you an opportunity to exai
object from all sides."
The accessibility of these coll
makes it easier to justify having
all. There is a sense in which m '
— even, or perhaps especially    ^
ones — are  hoards of dub  i
acquired property ripped out <
context. (An obvious example . _
Elgin marbles which are in the
Museum in London. The stri .
they came from in Athens have 1
do with copies.)
The museum holds in trust
Musqueam Indian Band cert
cheological materials which t   .
been asked to store until the Mu:     -   r
have their own museum. Otherv
the museum's Indian artifacts ha'
purchased or gifted and it is unw
house things belonging to other *
Almost all of the Northwest Cc    ' .> -
jects were acquired after 1947 ai      <
through government seizure o:
market or grave robbing.  One   .
argue cynically that because
anti-potlatch laws, a bonanza
tifacts came onto the market b
they were no longer useful or '■
But the museum itself has active ■
ticipated    in   the    renaissan
Westcoast arts and crafts, and n
the objects have taken on value t
the museum.
Museums serve a real func -
terms of salvage, preserving a
when cultures undergo upheavals, exposing them to other people and eventually reintroducing them to the original
owners. There is a need to raise public
consciousness ofthe quality of civilization that existed here on the West Coast
and elsewhere.
The totem poles in the Great Hall remind us of the extraordinary level of
artistry and skill that existed. This realization is especially important for Indians themselves. Artist Francis Williams, who is currently working on his
first totem pole, noted, "how the poles
evolved to such a high degree is just
amazing; you'd think they used sophisticated tools."
Dr. Ames reflects: "Whenever I walk
by the poles in the Great Hall.... Some
say they should have been left to rot in
the Queen Charlotte Islands. I cry to
think of that. I'm relieved that they were
saved and aren't in someone's private
collection." And there is a recognition
of the museum's obligations to those
from whom the materials were acquired. Ames: "If an Indian group developed their own museum, we'd want
<yfW      -U    '>
Special museum programs have helped
acquaint blind children with the
Westcoast Indian arts and some
Sunday afternoon visitors sample
events diverse as Japanese flute
playing and a Punch and Judy show.
1 i The museum is magnificently sited ■  \
the Northwest corner ofthe campu
(top, foreground), with Cecil Greet
Park to the left and the Gage residt   ce
towers and Vancouver in the distait e. j,
(Below) A totem guards an entrant-  to
the visible storage area. i
to loan them materials and help t'.em!
Artist Gerry Marks hopes that k thel
future some of the pieces will be re-|
turned to villages, such as Skide;. ate J
when they have proper facilitie : tog
house them. "Younger Indian at istsl
could perfect their own work if e>.am-|
pies were available to them at heme.!
Having everything here forces theta to I
go to the city to see pieces. For iadi-l
viduals coming from Masset, say,|
coming to the big city throws them off!
balance in terms of wanting to studyf
The Provincial Museum in Victoria!
also   owns   its    collections.   It has!
granted user rights to the original own-1
ers and Ames feels the Museum of An-j
thropology would follow the same pol-l
icy were it to  buy a lot of material. |
"Certain things belong to humanity and j
not individuals. Art and ideas, everyone
has a claim on them after a certain point,
although this is a difficult concept to |
justify in a society that believes in private property."
Evidently, many people share those
sentiments; some have donated their
own collections to the museum. Indeed,
a remarkable amount of the museum's
holdings was acquired through gifts.
There is no specific acquisition fund so
reliance on donations has always been
great — donations to finance purchases
and outright donations of articles.
The Koerners collected because they
like art. Their masterpiece miniatures,
which precipitated the federa! government's financing ofthe museum, are fine
art as well as examples of Northwest
coast material. Walter Koerner was able
to "repatriate" many of the finest
examples of Indian art that had found
their way into private collections in
Europe and the United States.
The Hawthorns collected through
their interest in people, and their purchases for the museum were frequently
financed by H.R. MacMillan and :he
B.C. Totem Pole Preservation Committee. Formed in 1954 of representath es
of the provincial museum and the u ii-
versity,the committee was to coordin te
survey and salvage operations of • fie
remaining totem poles in the province.
These activities were often underw it-
ten by MacMillan and Koerner.
But individuals also bring things ir to
the museum, a handful of items a; a
time, saying, "This really should be i.^ a
museum," and they're almost alwa/s
right. The curators decide if a donation
will be useful, (they like to look it over {„ , week or, if necessary, will make
jiui -calls), but most objects brought
rd are deemed worthy. Once an
tit ct is accepted, much information
n i it will be collected.
A Ames remarked, "We are still in
i istallation phase, the continuation
ii stallations behind the scenes."
in a shed, most of the massive
:ei is had to be researched for idert-
tion and labelling. The production
la >els has been slow (which has also
\oked some criticism), but the
ors hold academic teaching posi-
jon!' and their time is limited. And they
ve high standards; it's not a question
if someone making labels with a felt
Is understaffing and overworking a
problem? Is money a problem? "No
3"ff museum has enough money," answers
dy Ames equivocally. "The final construc-
ion phase and opening occurred just as
llie economy was dropping. All non-
irofit, public institutions are hooked to
Ihe economy like to the hand of God."
But the university has done what it
lould and the museum maintains itself
in genteel poverty. It is respectable.
id  And it is making progress. Bill Reid
feels it works beautifully and "should be
one ofthe great museums in the world.
Young Indian artists are made welcome,
and have a close relationship with the
staff. . . I guess I sound pretty positive
about it all. I've been so discouraged
with other museums around the conti-
t I've seen that I think this one is
marvellous by comparison."
But he too is impatient for the label-
ig: "My favorite carving is an old,
very decayed pole from Anthony Island
that we copied for the small house frontal pole at Totem Park. Now it's scattered into three fragments with nothing
to connect them together."
Labels in the Great Hall will include
photos ofthe original setting where possible and information on the origin,
date, carver and location. The trick is to
inform without overwhelming, without
taking the initiative away from viewers
by telling them what to think about the
materials. Even the new six-screen
theatre, to be opened in the fall, isn't
intended to inspire passivity in the audience The museum seeks to engage the
A rtist Francis Williams: "1 feel very
pri\ ileged when I walk in because it's all
the 'e. I don't think there's any other
pla e in the world that you can learn
fro:n but a museum. A good collection
in private hands is inaccessible. . . . It's
her.; that we learn — in museums. . . .
Yo j look and you wonder and try to
dra.v something out of it. What it is I
doi "t know. . . it's a kind of explana-
tioi •..'"□
Ehanor Wachtel is a Vancouver free-
lat.-:e writer.
i 7-
\   '
w.i i.  miib,  Ui.k..u.   tcc - \j>t'iaiffi~iati C»i   um uuaiu.
6.A. McGavin, B. Comm '60 - President. E.G.
Moore, LLB. 70 - Treasurer. S.L Dickson, B.
Comm '68 - Deputy Comptroller. P.L Haze!!, B.
Comm '60 - Deputy ComptroSler. K.E. Gateman,
B. SC. '61 - Deputy Comptroller. R.K. Chow,
M.B.A. 73 - Branch Manager. LJ. Turner, B.
Comm 72 Property Development Co-ordinator.
S00 W. Pender St. Vameouwer 685-3711.
590 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
130 E. Pender Si, Vancouver 685-3935.
299® Granville St. ¥ane©uwer 738-7128=
6447 Fraser St., Vancouver 324-6377
538 6th St., New West 525-1616
1424 Johnston Rd. W. Rock 531 -8311.
737 Fort St., Victoria 384-0514
518 5th Awe. S.W. Calgary 265-0455
Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
Hernber Trust Companies Association of Canada It is impossible to hang arous
people at UBC Press without c;
away some enthusiasm. Perha
swinging punch-drunk — this
course, a university — but at ley
ofthe old kick-up-the-heels. W!
modesty the press has in si
employees make up in joie de \
seductive kind of enthusiasm tl
warm you up to reading about
policy issues in B.C., or vascular
or Japan's labor problems.
"We're a small press, but whai we
is terribly important to us. Wher we
working on a project, we like th. bot
we're doing," said director A; thor
Blicq. In fact, when I first met h m, 1
was on his hands and knees on th.. fl00
sleeves rolled up, sorting out -.hot
graphs for a forthcoming biography. H
'o a
< s
ant ;
was positively brimming with informa   ^ir
ity and thoroughly enjoying himself.
That enthusiasm is the key to she a
mosphere blossoming up on the thii
floor and southeast corner of the 01   ^re
Auditorium. Without the universit in§
presses, a certain type of authoritative ™0'
but unprofitable, book would not exis tne
Maybe I'm not all that interested in h t0^
donesia's economic development,
Australia's defence policy, or th
Papua-New Guinea elections of 1964
Never mind. The function of a univei
sity press is to make these books availa
UBC Press is a recent addition to th
campus, founded in 1971 as an academi
service under the auspices of th
academic vice-president. Although th
University of Alberta and the Univer
sity of Manitoba, have small publishini
programs, UBC Press is the only largi
scholarly university press west of On
tario to act as an outlet for regional am
specialized material, Blicq said. In fact
there's a loudly spoken assumption tha
the press is a necessary lubricant no
only to publish for an international au
dience, but also to remind westerners o
their heritage.
When the press first began, it used
considerable pool of publishing expertise already available through the UBC
Publications Centre. The centre uistri
buted several learned journals witl
strong international reputations
George Woodcock's prestigious < "aim-
dian Literature, the Canadian ?'c«r
book of International Law, Pacij: ' Affairs and B.C. Studies.
The fledgling press simply exp.aded
this existing publishing program emphasizing books on western Can .dian
history and public affairs, Asia ar I the
Pacific, and international law. As. a result, the main thrust ofthe progran is an
interest in the social, economic ar i na
tional groups that mingle in socieU and
the elements like politics and bus aess
that surround these relationships like
mist around orchids. Addabitof hh oo
and you get a very cosmopolitan r:  ^
sc ,'j The first title they published, The
1!'k> al Navy and the North-West Coast
Vll,?„/' '«/■//? America, 1810-1914, paved the
°,M\a  for the books to follow. Some other
'.'ij.Mitl' s include Land, Man and the Law,
\ /''je; ling with the disposal of Crown lands
ptln  i.C, 1871-1913, History and Myth:
„ i \[d mr Lower and the Making ofCana-
•a i Nationalism, Success and Failure,
study of Indians in urban society, plus
books on botany, Japanese literature
anc politics, water management, timber
anc" mineral resources, anthropology
ant Canadian poetry. To date the press
now has over 30 titles published or soon
lobe published.
A staff of 11 keep the press together,
iur> the grocery store, watch the bottom
line of the ledger. But the three whose
enthusiasms are the soul ofthe place are
Winnipeg-born director Anthony Blicq,
who gained his publishing experience
with the Clarendon Press in Oxford,
England, senior editor Jane Cowan
Fredeman, BA'63, PhD'70 and marketing and promotional coordinator Ann
Hockey, who gained her expertise with
the Times Literary Supplement. We got
together over lunch one afternoon and
talked about UBC's press.
The first thing I wanted to know was
%j, how a university press differed from a
commercial press. Blicq has a graphic
illustration of the difference. When
Susan Allison's memoirs, The Recollections of a Pioneer Gentlewoman in
British Columbia, came up for publication, he had two choices: "We had 60
pages of gorgeous memoirs. The first
choice was to publish as is, perhaps with
pictures. The second was to get Dr.
Margaret Ormsby to take the memoirs
and put them in a historical context,
with a long introduction and considerable notes. We opted for the second
choice because that's our function.
Susan Allison becomes a definitive
book on the area. Not just a memoir, but
a book that concerns the whole period in
which the memoir fits."
Susan Allison's memoir was very
successful. The book was nominated for
an Eaton's award and has now gone into
paperback. The press plans to publish
more memoirs, particularly in view of
the size of UBC's growing archives in
the main library's Special Collections
division, and the increasing interest of
ss holars in working in its calm recesses.
"Given the scholarly nature of the
>j|j bi oks, are best-sellers likely?" I asked.
7es," Jane Fredeman said. "Some
b< oks do have a popular appeal. Harold
Kilman's Exploring Vancouver did
vi ry well, as did Harry Morton's The
W nd Commands, a history of sailing
si tps in the Pacific. That book was put
o;s a book club list. A proposed picture
b.»ok on early B.C. churches should do
v< ry well, as should a forthcoming biog-
nphy of General George R. Pearkes,
m nister of defence in John Diefenbak-
er's cabinet from  1957-1960 and later
lieutenant-governor of B.C."
She added biographies tend to sell
well. Some UBC Press books have, in
fact, sold over 8,000 copies, well past
the 5,000 copies claimed to be a Canadian best-seller.
Though director Blicq admits he likes
to do this "popular" type of book from
time to time to get into contact with a
wider public, "basically our program is
scholarly books. The university's wish
is that we stimulate B.C. material and
that we go for traditional, scholarly,
quality material, both in content and
"We don't put out pretty books; we
consider ours workmanlike. I don't
think they look bad at all. They aren't
over-elegant, but what's between the
covers matters. Besides, we aren't
equipped to research best-selling
Can the UBC Press survive without
popularly acclaimed books? "Yes, I
think so," Blicq said. Then he added
wistfully, "There are projects we'd like
to do, but....There is a difference between survival and doing those exciting
Ann Hockey speaks up in her soft and
sensible English voice. She said there is
also a rhetorical question here. To what
extent should a university press be subsidized? Should it be subsidized to
compete with commercial presses?
Take the bread and butter away from
other publishers?
Blicq speaks to this: "In a recent survey the Canada Council asked us if
there was a gap between scholarly and
commercial books. We said 'Of course,
there is.' We defined it as a university
press book that might have some application in the book store, such as Exploring Vancouver. And the other end ofthe
scale is a commercial book that is scholarly. In fact, there is no real competition."
Unlike a commercial press, a university press does not commission books.
They do not have editors who say,
"Hey, we need a Canadian book on
elementary accounting." Nor does a
university press keep a stable of authors
on call. A university press is not a
textbook firm.
Yet there is more to the press than just
publishing, Blicq said. "We also stimulate books. Stimulating research that
leads to publication is a very important
part of our program."
Blicq proudly points to the continuing
B.C. History Document series, a reprinting of personal and official documents, diaries and journals from B.C.'s
past. ("A lack of money slows up publication," he grumbles.)
Another example is Visitors Who
Never Left, a book of Indian legends
translated into English. This book now
exists because of fairly early coopera
tion with the authors, Chief Kenneth
Harris of Prince Rupert, who approached them with tapes recorded
nearly 30 years previously, and Frances
Robinson who encouraged him in his
translations. "We didn't tell them to
come back in two years with a manuscript. We got to work on it," Blicq said.
How does UBC Press compare with
other university presses in Canada? "In
the English presses, by far the largest is
the University of Toronto," Blicq said.
The U of T press was established in
1901, produces about 100 titles a year
and now has more than 1,000 titles in
print. The second largest is Montreal
based, McGill-Queen's, also an older
press, publishing about 35 titles, and
third is UBC, producing an average of
10 titles.
"There is a considerable size difference there," Blicq admits. "On the
other hand, we concentrate our energies
on certain areas, which gives us an expertise. UBC has opted very clearly to
develop the projects we have at hand,
rather than spread ourselves out thin
and grow too fast."
Once again, enthusiasm sparkles across the floor of his office. "We care
about each book we publish; we put a lot
of attention to each of them. If we grow
too fast, we'd have to stop doing that."
But if enthusiasm is going to unbend a
little, and become elusive, talk of
money will do it every time. Because of
the non-profit nature of publishing in the
interests of scholarship, university
presses require funds in addition to income from book sales. One doesn't
simply ask "how does a university press
"The word 'flourish' is a curved wall.
The press 'flourishes' if it is lucky
enough to have a best-seller. It 'survives' with money from various sources," Blicq said.
And even success can bring its penalties. "Reprinting is a problem. Do you
reprint and hope the success will continue?" Blicq said.
And what of the opposite extreme,
the turkey that won't move? "Oh," he
said, leaning over and knocking his
desk. "Touch wood. We've never yet
had one that's fallen flat on its face."
Money gives UBC Press its growing
pains. Other presses can tote up a certain amount of income from guaranteed
sales. For example, Oxford University
Press has basically survived for years
on income from sales of the Bible and
the dictionaries, both the 13-volume unabridged and the smaller editions. Blicq
said the University of Toronto Press
also gets some income from the university bookstore and a profitable printing
plant, in addition to such staple library
reference works like Canadian Books In
Print. But UBC Press does not have
such hot items to hustle.
Instead, they rely on a grant from the
15 university, income from book sales,
various patrons and endowment funds,
foundations and orgnizations. Sometimes anonymous donors and private
estates provide generous gifts. These
monies are pooled in what Blicq calls a
capital revolving fund, which is used to
invest in the books.
Because university presses nearly
always deal in short run books, that is, a
press run not long enough to return the
original investment, each book is
scrupulously costed. There is no use
printing 3,000 copies of a book that will
only sell 1,000 copies. And there is no
guarantee a loss can be offset with a
success. This is Ann Hockey's job.
"Quite simply, Ann has to say how
many books we can sell and at what
price. She might say we can publish an
$18 hardcover book provided we have a
paperback edition of so many copies,"
Blicq said.
Ann Hockey and her colleague, Bill
Li, look at what seems to be a realistic
minimum sale. This varies with subject
and book and may be as low as 600
copies, though the average is 1,200
copies. Curiously, Hockey said, the actual print run compares favorably with
the American presses, who have a potentially larger market.
Also taken into account are foreign
sales. About 25 per cent of the general
list is sold outside Canada, primarily in
the USA. An even greater percentage of
the Asia and Pacific books are sold outside Canada. Not surprisingly, Canadian books are of limited interest outside Canada, although interest is growing in Canadian studies programs in Britain and the USA.
It is a point of pride with Ann Hockey
that her sales estimates are rarely
wrong. By relying on her own sales records, an intuitive sense of a book's potential and sales trend information provided through the cooperative 76-
member Association of American University Presses, UBC Press nearly always sells over the estimated amount.
Books are chosen for publication in
open competition. All things being
equal, the press favors UBC or Canadian authors, and in fact, two-thirds of
the authors published to date are associated with UBC as faculty members
or alumni.*
The press also provides a public service, giving writers advice on publishing, marketing and distribution. Questions on the more esoteric aspects of
footnoting, or how to read the wickedly
small fine print on another publisher's
contract, are a serious part of a day's
work at the press.
Jane Fredeman, as senior editor, has
handled 131 book length manuscripts
during the past two years, manuscripts
submitted from all parts of Canada,
Great Britain, the United States and
other parts of the world. Blicq noted
that if they received 13! manscripts and
published ten a year, that looks like a
massive rejection rate. "That isn't quite
true. A large proportion simply did not
fit a scholarly program in the fields in
which we publish. These manuscripts
actually had a fast turnaround, often
with a suggestion of a more suitable publisher," he said.
But the press is crisis-ridden, he
laughs. Aside from financial concerns,
delays materialize. An author carries
galley proofs on a three month lecture
tour and forgets to read them. Perhaps
Ofthe UBC Press books noted, a
large majority do indeed have close
UBC connections: the Royal Navy
and the Northwest Coast of North
America by Barry Gough, BEd'62,
now a faculty member at Wilfred
Laurier University; the
posthumously published Land, Man
and the Law by Robert E. Gail,
BA'47, BEd'47; Success and
Failure by William T. Stanbury,
BCom'66, assisted by Jay H. Siegel;
Exploring Vancouver by former
UBC faculty member Harold
Kalman with photographs by John
Roaf, who described himself as a
"professional student" during his
UBC days; the forthcoming Pearkes
biography by Reginald Roy, BA'50,
MA'S 1; the Chief Kenneth Harris
book, The Visitors Who Never Left,
written with Frances Robinson,
BA'67, MA'69; Susan Allison's
memoirs, introduced and annotated
by Margaret Ormsby, BA'29,
MA'31, DLit'74.
he goes on sabbatical to an African nation with poor postal service. An order
for a crucial picture might not be filled.
A recent technological foul-up is the
electrical surge. Sometimes an overload
of electricity hits the computer typesetting system with the result the words
run together and letters overlap. Entire
galleys have to be reset.
The remarkable thing is that the
books ever appear at all. The process of
publishing is complex, and only an enthusiastic conviviality among everyone
concerned can manage to pull the components together.
Here's what happens: the editors read
and sort out the manuscripts, then draw
up a short list. These manuscripts are
thee sent out to readers, usually campus
specialists. Each manuscript, whether
positively or negatively received, has at
least two readings, with each reader
drawing up a report from a paragraph to
several pages in length. This is where
the process starts to get visibly expensive.
Blicq then takes the proposed pro
jects to the university president's >i
manent advisory committee for he
UBC Press. The committee is madi up
of 16 senior academics from many is
ciplines headed by university libra an
Basil Stuart-Stubbs. On recommei la
tion from the press, the committee ie-
views the short list and makes the I ial
decision. No books are published v\ th-
out the committee's approval.
Meanwhile, very early in the proc ss,
Ann Hockey has been evaluating he
market and making estimates. Whe< ier
the book is financially feasible or lot
depends on her estimate.
When the book is costed and ihe
committee decision made, the pnss
applies to the appropriate arm of the
Canada Council for a grant. Depending
on the subject area, the request is made
to either the Humanities Research
Council or the Social Sciences Resea ch
By now, Jane Fredeman is invohed
in what she calls "the sometimes really
slow process of discussing the reader's
reports and possible changes and revisions with the author and the Canada
Council. All this affects editorial time
in-house time and marketing cam
paigns," she said.
"We never try to re-write or change
the author's viewpoint," she emphasized. "But we do encourage the use
of incidents which illustrate.
"We also discourage loaded language. That is, emotionally charged
words that show a slant in favor of a
group or an ideology. Most academic
presses prefer the structure of the argument, rather than sheer emotional
verbiage which isn't carrying thought."
"In other words," Blicq said,
"though we pass on suggestions, it is
always the author's book. Our function
is to make the most persuasive book
possible available to the public, not
change the author's viewpoint."
The UBC Press has received distinction in its short span, both in prizes on
the wall and those less tangible, but well
satisfying reviews from critics. ".. .Fii si
rate...." "...A breathtaking piece of
scholarship...." The press received trie
first Eaton's award for the book that
contributed the most to publishing in
B.C.; the New Zealand Book of the
Year Award; the jacket award from t:ie
Association of American University
Presses, in competition with presses
such as Harvard, Chicago and Yale.
But all this acclaim doesn't rise out of
proportion in the offices in the southee st
corner, third floor, of the Old Auditorium. Ann Hockey sums it up: ' It
all comes back to how important a book
is to us; not how many can we sell."
That's enthusiasm.□
Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, MFA'75, is i n
instructor with UBC's Centre for Continuing Education and editor-in-chief i <f
the Canadian Fiction Magazine.
Ma/q Is—1
! *.h
>*>;/*>;• sit,** ';***"'*■ '
N UBC Reports: When each of you
Jiade a decision to come to university,
11 you must have had some expectations
sfcout what you would find here. Did
fach of you have a clear idea of what
"you wanted to study at UBC?
Meg Miller: Yes, I did. I wanted to
be an archeologist. But I was told to
get a  degree   in  classics  first,   i  still
(tape to be an archeologist after I've
taken more classics at the graduate
-level. As for my expectations,,! found
(it a little frustrating to have to take
' things outside classics, ! wanted to do
;, .nothing but classics for the whole four
i   Nigel Kenneil: 1 think it's necessary
; to take courses outside your main field
'of study to get another view of things.
If you took work in only one field it
-would limit you.
In the 70s
Final exams were oh the horizon
for UBC's- 1977 graduating class
when the editors of UBC Reports
asked four award-winning
students to talk about University
life: Classics students SVIeg Miller
and Nigel Kenneil, left and right
at top, and' electrical engineers
Konrad Mauch- and Peter ¥an der
Gracht left and right 'below,
..discussed their growing sense of
independence as' they mastered
their disciplines, their concern
about teaching-quality at UBC,
and the things that are. common
to their fields of study. For
details on the awards won by the
students, see box on pages 2 and
Konrad IVlauch: It's amazing how
people do want to specialize early.
You notice it a lot in engineering.
Many students get very upset about
taking anything outside their specialty.
I don't think it's a good thing for them
to limit themselves to one area of
Peter wan der Gracht: A'lot of it is
the   result  of  pressure. "'You   get the
feeling that you only have four or five .
years to learn what's going to prepare
you for a career.
Nigel Kenneil: But the purpose in
taking courses outside your specialty is
to give you a taste for something else,
not to make you an expert in
everything you take.
Peter wan der Gracht: I agree, but
taking courses outside your specialty is
a future benefit. Taking as much as
you can in your specialty is a present
benefit. It prepares you for a job.
Meg.Miller: I think students should
get a general background in high
school, where you get a mixture of
science and arts courses. It would be
great if, when you. got to university,
you could concentrate fully on studies
in a special area.
Konrad IVlauch: Before you ,come to
university you somehow get this idea
that by the time you get a. bachelor's
degree ydu will know the sum total of
all knowledge. But as you go through
university you have this growing
realization of how little you really
know. And you still want to know
Nigel Kenneil:' It's a cliche, but it's
Please turn to page 2
See UBC LIFE COT<2 ktra
Continued from P. 1
true' —  you  become  more and  more
aware of your own ignorance.
Peter van der Gracht; Another
thing you realize at university is that
it's probably the only time in your life
that you'll be with so many -people
who are interested in so many things.
And if you don't learn about them
now, you may not get another chance.
In a way, it's too bad that while you're
here there is so much to learn in your
major field of study, ft can limit you.
UBC ■ Reports: Konrad, did you
know that you wanted to be an
engineer when you came to UBC?
Konrad IWlaueh: I wasn't too sure.
Engineering was probably my number
one priority, but I'd had some
thoughts about going into history or
philosophy. Sometimes I still have
doubts, and I've thought about coming
back for graduate work in economics.
I guess I chose engineering because it's
a complete body of knowledge that
fits you for doing something. Now I
'know that a master's degree would be
a good thing to have. I knew that if i
went into honors physics that a
graduate degree would be an absolute
necessity. The same must be true of a
lot of arts degrees. I think it's still
true, though, that when you've got
your bachelor's degree in engineering
you're ready to start work.
Nigel Kenneil: Well, no one enrols
in classics because they feel there's a
job waiting for them when they get a
degree. When I first started thinking
about coming to UBC - I thought I
might study languages. I'd taken Latin
for -.three years in England, where I
first, went to school, and the
headmaster jokingly said he expected
me to become a classicist because I
was so good at it.
But when I came to Canada there
was no opportunity to study Latin at
school. So i forgot about it for six or
seven.years until one day in a guidance
class in high school. I'd made a
decision to go on to university by
getting a scholarship in something. My
eye happened to fall on a chart on the
wall that listed the subjects you could
write for a scholarship and Latin was
one of them.
So I resurrected my Latin by taking
it by correspondence in grades 11 and
12, Half way through the .grade 12
course I knew that was what I wanted
to do, even though I was on the
science program in high school —
math, physics and that sort of thing.
Peter warn der Gracht: Too bad —
we lost another one.
I decided in grade 12, after I'd
taken some work in computer science,
that electrical engineering was what I
2/UBC Reports
was interested in. I've never regretted
that decision. I've found it exciting all
the way through.
Nigel Kenneil: I think you have to
do that, really. Once you've made the
decision about your area, of studies
you've got to burn your bridges to get
As far as expectations 'were
concerned I had none beyond
scholastic satisfaction. As I've gone
through university I've had a growing
sense of the value of what I'm
studying because I feel that classics has
something to contribute to
understanding ourselves. I fee! I could,
given the chance and the
opportunities, contribute something
important to classics.
In my first and second years I was
overawed by senior students and
'professors. Professors didn't walk on
the ground, you could see light under
their feet. But once you get a grip on
the basics, when you're sure about
what you know, that's transformed
into a sense of self-assurance, of
independence. When you reach that
point I think it's reflected in your
personality quite apart from the field
you've become expert in.
Meg Miller: I think that if ! didn't
have to spend so much time preparing
for classes I've reached a point where I
could learn more outside the
classroom. It should be possible for
students in their third and fourth
years, if they've got the ability, to
work more or less independently
under guidance.
Konrad IVlauch: I think something
like that has happened to the people in
our group who are working on the
electric car, which is pretty
sophisticated..But we did it and that's
what amazes me. I would never have
believed in first year that we could
have done it.
But then, in your first year a lot of
stuff looks impossible. Like walking
into a classroom where there's been a
fourth-year class and seeing all the
hieroglyphics on the board. You say,
"My God, I'll never be able to do
that." But by the time you get to
fourth year you can handle it. In labs,
you see equipment that looks
complicated when, you're in first year.
By your fourth year you know it's
obsolete junk that ought to be thrown
You get a lot of satisfaction out of
mastering things in the classroom and
Peter van der Gracht: Yeah, it
builds confidence in you. so that you
know you can go out into the world
and succeed in your career.
Konrad IVlauch: I don't want to give
the impression that you have to go to
university to get that sense of
independence.   People   can   get   that
£ ' wics students Nigel KennelS iC
Meg Miller were prizewinners
national Latin and Greek transla
contests sponsored by the CSas
Association of Canada. Ail the
in both contests were won by stue
in the UBC Department of Cl«
Studies. Contestants were given
hour to translate difficult passageso
Latin and Greek into English.
sense without going on. When I let
high school I wanted to learn howti
design computers. I knew the onlj
place ! could learn that was a
university. It's not something yoi
learn in your own back yard. So it
depends on what you want to do.
UBC Reports: Do you, as engineers,
feel that you may be missing
something important that's being
offered in other faculties because ol
the highly specialized nature of your
Peter van der Gracht: Yeah, we've
found, in working on the electric car,
that industry requires more than just
the expertise of electrical engineering,
Economics plays a big part in any
engineering decision. I feel the car has
given us a lot of experience that we
wouldn't get in the classroom,
tried to supplement my electrical
engineering course with other courses
and -I'm thinking about graduate
studies in a related field, but outside
Konrad knows more about taking
outside courses. He's taken so many
outside electrical engineering we call
him our token artsman.
Konrad IVlauch: Well, the electrical
engineering is the hard part. I could
never pick that up on my own. Bull
can read history and other things that
interest me. So I feel that if I want to jh, left,
der Gracht are shown with ..„
4,000 microcomputer they won in an
tional contest sponsored by a
U.S. magazine and a microcomputer
r. They adapted a
nicrocomputer system to monitor and
the functioning of the engine
i an electric car being built by a team
f applied science students.
that sort of thing up I can do it
my own.
Still, you get the feeling that you're
issing a lot. When you pick up UBC
Reports you see all those seminars and
_y°" lectures and other things listed that
you'd like to get to. But the pressures
in electrical engineering prevent you.
There just isn't enough time.
Meg Miller: ! guess everyone thinks
we arts students have more
opportunity to take electives outside
our main area of study. But in reality
you really only have one a year in the
last two years. I think there's a real
clanger in becoming too specialized.
But like Konrad I feel I can catch up
on a lot of things in, say, art and music
on my own.
Nigel Kenneil: I really feel students
should have a certain amount of
contact, even if it's just one course a
year, outside your specialty. Even if
it's something so closely related to
your main field of study that it can be
considered part of it. This year, I'm
taking a course in Dante in translation
and it's amazing how much classics
helps and also how different it is —
how   different    the    entire    way    of
m\ that
> of
*• thinking     is.     It's    a     broadening
;] experience.
IVlauch:   1
when   you're  forced
think   it's  good
to  take outside
courses.     I     took    economics    only
because it was a recommended course
and found I was really interested in it.
1 think that happens to a lot of.
students — they think they know what
they're interested in or not interested
in and it sometimes takes a little push
to make them discover some new field
of work.
Meg SViiSler: And a lot of it has to
do with the person who teaches the
UBC Reports: Can we talk about
teaching?What qualities does a good
teacher have?
Peter van der Gracht: That's a
hard thing to analyse. It's easy to tell
when you've got a good professor but
difficult to Say exactly why..
Nigel Kenneil: A lot has to do with
personality. By that I mean a good
teacher is able to bring you out of
yourself, help you contribute to the
class. Good teachers don't just stand
up in front of the class and lecture as
though they were at home talking to a
mirror or to a camera. You can get
that from TV. Good teachers have
presence; you feel you're being talked
to by a person. And the good ones
make you feel like a person.
There are obvious things like having
a good, basic knowledge of the
subject, but sometimes that isn't .the
Peter van der Gracht: Sometimes
you get the feeling that professors are
removed from reality. A good
professor is one who can relate to
students, who knows what level
they're at and who can talk to you at
an eye-to-eye level. With some
professors, you get the feeling they
think they're wasting their time
teaching and have better things to do.
They talk down to you.
Konrad Mauch: A lot of teachers
don't know what level you're at. They
think we should know what we don't
know. Others think we don't know
what we do know. That can waste a
lot of time in class and lead to
frustration on the part of students.
And some, when you say you don't
understand something, say there's
something wrong with students today.
Then the student hackles go up.
In our courses there are really only
three or four central ideas. Those ,are
the important things that are going to
have to stick with you. The worst
profs are the ones who skip over the
main points because they think we
know them. Then they go into detail*
and because they've skipped over the
main points you're lost.
Meg Miller: The two or three
outstanding teachers I've had are
people who are tops in their field and
who haven't lost their enthusiasm for^
their subject. They're the ones who
can really communicate. That kind of
excitement on the part of the prof can
be very infectious. A lot more things
happen in that atmosphere.
UBC Reports: One of the criticisms
heard over the years about UBC is
related to its size. Do you have
opportunities to meet students from
other faculties and hear their ideas?
Nigel Kenneil: 1 think the only
place where that happens on any sort
of continuing basis is in residences. I
think it's particularly valuable in the
first two years. When you reach third
and fourth year I think it's a good
thing to live off campus so you can
really apply yourself to your studies
without distractions. In residence
there's a good group feeling in the
house you're in and you get to meet a
cross-section of students.
But short of changing the entire
plan of the campus, I don't really
know how you can go about breaking
down barriers between students.
Konrad Mauch: Well, being in one
area is very convenient for both
students and professors — you don't
have to go far to see your buddies.
Some universities have developed a
college system where all disciplines are
together in smaller groups. But I don't
know whether it could work on a
campus this size.
Then there's the question of
students taking courses in other
faculties. The problem is that
engineers are able to take arts courses,
but artsmen can't take engineering
Nigel KenneSI: 1 think an effort
should be made to develop a course
that would explain to arts students
what engineering is all about. Perhaps
a history of engineering. And
mini-open houses would help too.
Each faculty should be encouraged to
stage an open house for students from
other faculties.
Konrad IVlauch: Yeah, the big Open
House they have for the public every
three years is great. I came to one
when I was in high school and I could
hardly wait to get out here to do some
of the stuff 1 saw.
There's a course numbered 260 in
Applied Science that everyone's
required to take. It's called The
Engineer in Society. St would probably
be a good idea for sociologists and
economists to take it because they'll
have to understand at the other end
what engineers are doing in society.
I've always thought that arts people
should be made to take first-year
math, particularly calculus and
statistics. There's so many disciplines
where that background is needed and
you can see economics and psych
profs almost in tears when they have
to deal with elementary statistical
principles for students who have no
Please turn to page 14
UBC Reports/3 The University of B.C.'s Board of
Governors has approved the
appointment of three department
heads in the Faculties of Arts and
Agricultural Sciences and a new
director for the School of Nursing in
the Faculty of Applied Science.
Named head of the Department of
Music is Dr. Wallace Berry, now
professor of music theory at the
University of Michigan and a
well-known composer and author.
Prof. James MacMillan of the
University of Manitoba is the new
head of the Department of
Agricultural Economics.
Prof. Darrell B. Bragg, a UBC
faculty member since 1970, has been
confirmed as head of the Department
of Poultry Science after -serving as
acting head since July, 1975.
The new director of the School of
Nursing is Dr. Marilyn D. Willman,
currently president of the state-wide
University of Texas School of Nursing,
who has combined hospital nursing
experience with a career . as an
academic and administrator.
Appointed full professors in the
UBC law faculty are Dr. John Hogarth,,
chairman of the B.C. Police
Commission, and Leon Getz, chairman
of. the Law Reform Commission of
The Board has also confirmed the
appointment of Michael Davis as
director of UBC residences and
appointed Prof. Benjamin Moyls, a
long-time member of the UBC faculty,
to succeed Prof. Malcolm McGregor as
director of ceremonies.
Dr. Berry will arrive at UBC to head
the music department on Jan. 1, 1978,
'after a 20-year teaching career at the
University of Michigan, where he
headed the Department of Music
Theory from 1968 to 1974.
He is the composer of 17 musical
works, five of which have been
recorded and six of which were
commissioned for major American
music festivals. One of his recorded
compositions, a duo for flute and
piano, was awarded first prize in 1970
in a U.S.-wide competition sponsored
by'the Pittsburgh Flute Club. He is
also the author or co-author of three
books on music theory and numerous
newspaper and journal articles on
musical subjects.
4/UBC Reports
Prof. MacMillan, the new head of
Agricultural Economics, is a 1964
graduate of the University of Guelph
in Ontario and a specialist in regional
development and policy in relation to
resource industries. He holds graduate
degrees from the University of Illinois
and Iowa State University.
He is the author or co-autho'
numerous journal articles and.
served as a consultant' to provij
and federal government departm
and ministries.
Dr.   Bragg,   the   head   of   Pou
Science,    specializes    in    poi
nutrition   and   production   and
served on poultry and animal nutri'
committees of  the  B.C.  and fet
Dr. Willman, who succeeds
Muriel Uprichard as head of the I
nursing school, specialized
administration in nursing educe
and educational psychology
obtaining her bachelor's, master's •
doctor's degrees.
She joined the University of Tf'
in 1961 and was named dean of
university's   nursing  school   in   1c '
Subsequently, she became presiden
the    state-wide   system    of    nui
education,  which   has  schools   ir I
Texas centres.   ■
Dr. Hogarth, who joins the l<
faculty on Jan. 1, 1978, got his '
degree at UBC and then did gradi
work at the University of Cambi
in England, where he was awarded
doctorate and a Diploma '
Criminology. ,
In addition to an extensive teach
career, in criminal law and socioloj f?^
Dr. Hogarth is the author of mai 3lst
publications, including a two-voluri 3ro,
study entitled Sentencing as a Hum , .
Process, published by the University . ,
Toronto Press. The book won a pri «
from the International Society
Criminology as an imports
contribution to the literature
Prof. Getz rejoins the UBC facul!
on . July 1 after a year as a
professor at the University of Tor
and three years as chairman of
B.C. Law Reform Commission.
special interests are in-corporate
security law, civil justice and
Michael     Davis,    confirmed
director of residences, joined UBC
1975"   after    serving    as    assis
residence director at the University
Guelph. He is a graduate of McM
University in Hamilton, Ont.
Prof. Ben Moyls, the new dire
of    ceremonies,    teaches    in    UB
mathematics    department   and    is
former assistant dean of the Faculty o
Graduate   Studies.   Prof.   Moyls
Prof.  Malcolm McGregor, the retiri
director,   were   co-winners   of   UBC
Master Teacher Award in 1974.
pr Hospitals were in the news at UBC in April.
On April 7, the key to the Harry Kirdy Extended Care
nit in the Health Sciences Centre was turned over to the
niversity by the Greater Vancouver Regional Hospital
istrict, which financed the' 300-bed unit with the
■Qvinciaf government.
George Morfitt, above right, chairman of the UBC Board
Governors property committee, accepted the key from
Campbell, mayor of Coquitlam and chairman of the
reater Vancouver Regional District.
The   new   unit   is .named  for  a  former  UBC  faculty
ber and  long-time chairman of the GVRD's hospital
iiadvisory committee. In addition to patient care, the unit
provide clinical facilities for teachers,.researchers and'
tudents in the health sciences, including medicine, nursing,
rehabilitation medicine, pharmacy-, dentistry, social work
!.j The key ceremony was attended by Education Minister
jPatrick McGeer, who returned to the campus on April 18
J^for a sod-turning ceremony to start construction on a new
3240-bed regional community hospital adjacent to the
,1 ex tended care'unit.
"j Construction of this hospital is part of a package of
M proposals made by the provincial government in March,
,: |1976, which includes the upgrading of clinical teaching
';facilities at downtown hospitals, and a doubling of
jadmissions to the UBC medical school from the present 80
"students to 160.
| A total of $50 million is to be made available for the
»'»; project; half of it will come from the federal government.
'5j The sod-turning (photo at right) had a touch of friendly
;< federal-provincial relations about it. Sports-jacketed Dr.
iy McGeer enlisted the aid of Vancouver MP Ron Basford,
■Canada's justice minister, to wield the shovel.
> "?*v Xj    ^
UBC Reports/5 to incorporating
measures in the
Mr.   Connaghan
lUIfC plkmosD dm®
to sot© ®M©rgf
UBC has embarked on a major
program to save fuel and power.
A special committee on energy
conservation has reported that certain
measures can cut UBC's annual energy
bill of $2 million by 10 per cent in the
current fiscal year.
By 1932, it says, the savings could
be as great as 25 per cent of current
energy costs if a more sophisticated
program is developed.
The committee is chaired by Prof.
Donald Moore, head of the
Department of Electrical Engineering.
Vice-President Chuck Connaghan,
who set up the committee, said the
projected savings appear to be realistic.
The committee's report is now under
study and many recommendations will
be implemented.
"The University has also instructed
architects of new buildings'to give
special attention
planning process,"
He said all members of the
University community will be made
aware of the need to conserve energy.
"This will be particularly important
during the daylight hours," he said,
"when campus demand for electricity
can make a daylight kilowatt hour up
to 10 times more expensive than a
nighttime kilowatt hour."
Other members of Prof. Moore's
committee are Prof. B. P. Wisnicki,
Architecture; Dr. P. G. Hill,
Mechanical Engineering; Jim Helme,
Physical Plant; and Tim Newton,
manager of energy services for B.C.
NITEP to ©pen
two n@w centres
UBC's teacher training program for
Indians wilf admit a record 80 students
this fall, thanks to the addition of two
new off-campus centres.
The program known as NITEP (for
Native Indian Teacher Education
Program) started in 1974 with 55
students at four off-campus centres.
New centres have just been opened in
Campbell River and Chilliwack,
expanding the service already provided
in North Vancouver, Williams Lake,
Kamloops and Terrace.
Although the centres at Williams
Lake and North Vancouver won't take
any first-year students this September,
those at Campbell River, Chilliwack
(Coqualeetza), Terrace and Kamloops
will each admit a record 20 students
into the four-year program leading to a
6/UBC Reports
Bachelor of Education degree from
The NITEP students spend two
years at the off-campus centres gaining
practical teaching experience and
taking university-leve! courses, and
then go into UBC at the third-year
NITEP students who started in
1974 have just completed ' their
third-year program in the Faculty of
Education at UBC, and program
supervisor Art More says he's
confident that many will be among the
degree-receiving graduates of 1978.
AH of the NITEP students are
Indians, either status or non-status,
and they can enter with regular
university-entrance qualifications from
secondary school, or as mature
students who feel that with tutoring
support they are capable of handling a
university degree program in
Although all operating costs of the
program are borne by UBC, Dr. More
said a grant from the federa!
Department of Indian Affairs made it
finally possible to open the two new
off-campus centres and expand the
intake to ' 80 students this fall.
First-year enrolment jumped from 55
in '1974 to 60 in 1975 and to 65 in
Only 20 native Indians are teaching
now in British Columbia and only five
of them have degrees.
UH fifncis agencf   ■
on UBC campus
The United Nations has funded a
new agency on the UBC campus to
distribute the huge collection of
audio-visual materials prepared for the
1976 Habitat conference held in
The UN Audio-Visual Information
Centre (UNAVIC), located in the
Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre, will serve as the international
distributor for the' films and
UNAVIC houses the 10,640 items
that made up the 240 presentations by
140 countries at. Habitat, the UN
Conference on Human Settlements.
UBC created a Centre for Human
Settlements during Habitat to act as
custodian of the materials. Under an
agreement signed by UBC, the federal
and provincial governments and the
UN, the University was assured of
substantial funding for the operation
of the centre.
UNAVIC has been created by
resolution of ■ the UN General
Prof. Peter Oberlander, director of
the    UBC    Centre    for    Human
Settlements and acting director r
UNAVIC, said that because UNA\h
is a UN agency, distribution ofll
materials can be done through |»j
regional commissions and associai J
agencies such as UNESCO, the Wo 1
Health Organization and the \{\
Environmental Program. fj
UNAVIC will hold the internat '"
copyright on al! the Habitat mat
to permit duplication and distribu
Prof. Oberlander said. An internat
advisory group has also been cr
to develop a distribution policy
lay down guidelines for use of
A viewing facility has been built
the   IRC  for  the  Centre for Hu
Settlements and UNAVIC. It co
of   a    50-seat   theatre   and   cu
equipped    with    TV    monitors
headphones   to   allow   individuals
view videotapes.
The viewing facility was infor
opened on May 9 by B.C's educa
minister, Dr. Patrick McGeer, du
the first meeting of the UN advi
group, which met at UBC -to view
significant part of the film holdi
and to decide on the themes u
which initial circulation will be
The Centre for Human Settle
is governed by a board of manage
chaired  by Prof. Peter Larkin, U
dean   of   graduate   studies.    It
continue   to   have   custody   of
materials,    which   will    be   used
continuing education programs and
research   and   teaching   programs
UBC and elsewhere.
Steps taken to
.help handicapped
UBC is making campus life a !i
easier for handicapped students.
Its new measures combi
implementation of the Natio
Building Code and the work of
University committee on the conce
of handicapped students chaired
Dick Shirran, director of the Office
Student Services.
The code requires the installation
of ramps for wheelchairs, in all new
buildings. The University is also
building ramps wherever possible in
older campus buildings, and workmen
have installed 60 ramps at curbs on
campus roadways.
Student Services has prepared an
Information Guide for Handicapped
Students which includes material on
housing, finances, parking and other
campus services.
Sandy Kiep, a counsellor in the
student services office, is available to
assist handicapped students
Appointments can be made by calling
228-4347. et
oc >'
)p Ti
• The research landscape at UBC
Htl(A|mains overcast, despite a slight silver
Jteritiling of optimism created this year by
)utl">fncreased funding from federal
3tloliifincies such as the National Research
jncil and the Medical Research
It appears that average grants have
een increased for established
esearchers, . but little money is
Un? vailable for new projects by younger
'"^ jcuity members.
blc     Grants to UBC from'NRC are up 18
1  er cent over last year and grants to
jsearchers in the medical sciences are
p 16 per cent.
713     Dr.     Richard    Spratley,    UBC's
at.l{ esearch administrator, said this year's
m  rants take account of inflation but
IS01  iii to make up for a four- to five-year
*w   eriod when grant increases failed to
n!  eep pace.
The inflation factor, coupled with
year's freeze on research funding
the federal government, led to
tcries from the Canadian research
munity, which claims that this
licy jeopardizes the training of
oung scientists and endangers
Ith-care standards for Canadians.
Prof. Vladimir Paiaty, of UBC's
natomy department and the
\ssociation of B.C. Medica!
Researchers, said MRC grants totalling
>2.5 million have been made to 94
nedical scientists at UBC. Last year,
)2 persons were supported by MRC
ants totalling $2.17 million.
He said many medical researchers
lave given up applying for federal
jrants and are trying to get funds from
voluntary organizations such as the
J.C. Heart Foundation and the Cancer
Some of these organizations stand
to  benefit from  a  recent  provincial
government decision to allocate $1.6
ill ion    from    lottery    profits    for
^medical research.
1   The National Research Council has
imade  grants  totalling $5,960,000 to
>'|400 UBC faculty members for research
'Jin   1977-78.    Last   year,   the   NRC
^allocated  $5,050,000 for research  in
<the basic sciences at UBC.
.    The largest single research grant of
i,,$170,000 has been made to a group of
i^five UBC plasma physicists. Recipients
of   other   major   grants   are:    Prof.
''Charles    McDowell,    chemistry    —
$62,872; Prof. Neil Towers, botany -
$60,000; Prof. ft/Iyer Bloom, physics -
r ,$57,994;   and   Dr.   Peter   Hochachka,
NRC   grants   for  the  purchase  of
major equipment have been made to
Prof. James Trotter, chemistry —
$74,000 and Prof. David Williams,
physics -$45,000.
NRC grants are used to pay the
stipends of graduate students and the
salaries of technicians who assist the
principal grantee on research projects.
The NRC has also made eight grants'
totalling $450,000 to UBC researchers
conducting experiments at -TRIUMF,
the cyclotron located on UBC's south
The NRC has also awarded nearly
$1 million to 156 UBC post-doctoral
fellows and graduate students.
Post-doctoral fellows this year will
receive a stipend of $12,000, an
increase of about $800 over- last year.
Graduate students will each get $6,000
this year, an increase of $500.
The Canada Council, which
supports students and faculty
members in the humanities and social
sciences, has also increased its awards
by $500 for students workirw on
master's and doctor's degrees. UBC has
been awarded 55 doctoral fellowships,
each valued at either $6,000 or
$7,000. Ten special master's degree
awards have been made to UBC
students, each valued at $6,000.
Two UBC faculty members who
will be on leave in the coming year
have been awarded I.W. Killam Senior
Research Scholarships. The winners,
are: Prof. Donald Brown, philosophy,
$38,611 for a project entitled "An
Axiomatic Approach to Moral
Theory"; and Dr. Anthony Phillips,
psychology, $32,857 for a study of
the brain mechanisms underlying drug
Prof. David Suzuki, zoology, has
been awarded a Canada Council
Special Senior Research Scholarship to
cover salary replacement and research
costs while on leave to work with the
communications media in explaining,
in layman's language, the problems,
challenges and dangers in modern
scientific research.
The Canada Council has also
awarded leave fellowships valued at
$282,000 to 35 UBC faculty members
who will be on leave in the coming
year. Two of the awards were made to
members of the Faculty of Law and
the balance to teachers in the Faculty
of Arts. The fellowships are worth up
to $10,000 each.
Ten UBC faculty members have
also been awarded Killam Senior
Research Fellowships from a fund
administered by UBC. The winners,
who will receive a total of $130,000,
are: Dr. Donald Fleming, chemistry;
Dr. David Measday, physics; Dr. V. J.
Modi, mechanical engineering; Dr.
Robert Donaldson, electrical
engineering; Dr. Romauld Lakowski,
psychology; Dr. R. A. J. Warren and
Dr. Julia Levy, both of microbiology;
Dr. Hugh McLennan,physiology; Dr.
W. J. Stankiewicz, political science;
and Dr. T. Yamazaki, of the University
of Tokyo, who will be at UB~C in the
coming year to work at TRIUMF.
And finally, UBC has been
allocated $1,344,400 by the provincial
government to employ approximately
600 students for career-related
summer jobs. UBC's allocation for this
annua! program is up 32 per cent over
last year, when $1,020,000 was
allocated to support 537 students.
This year, for the first time, first-
and second-year students are eligible
for the program at a salary of $550 a
month. Students in third, fourth and
fifth year wil! get $650 a month and
students in graduate studies and
professional schools $750 a month.
UBC Reports/7 ' c
\ ■--
"Perhaps of all the creations of man
language is the most astonishing."
Lytton Strachey, the eminent
British critic and writer who wrote
that sentence, was expressing a truism
about an aspect of our lives that we
take for granted.
He could, however, have easily
substituted the word "mysterious" for
"astonishing." The fact is that we
know very little about how rnan
acquires and constructs language, the
chief means of expressing our thoughts
and feelings.
Dr. David Ingram,- a member of
UBC's Department of Linguistics, is
attempting to take some of the
mystery out of language acquisition
through the study of "universals" —
the things that all languages share.
Another route
But rather than trying to analyse
the some 3,000 languages that are
spoken on this planet, Dr. Ingram is
taking another route. He's intensively
studying the' way in which children
acquire language.
"In studying child language
acquisition," he says, "I'm looking for
structural similarities, whether it's the
way children produce sounds,
construct sentences or refer to the
meaning of words. When I have
evidence of similarities I try to form
ideas about the kinds of decisions
children are making as they learn to
talk at various stages of their
.Behind Dr. Ingram's work and that
of other linguists working on language
universals lies a basic assumption
proposed by the, noted American
linguist Noam Chomsky — that the
ability to learn language is part of a
child's inherited, genetic package.
"The evidence is that children have
an innate capacity to learn language up
to the age of 6 or 7," Dr. Ingram says.
"We know that language development
continues after age 6 or 7 until about
12. But it appears that the
language-learning mechanism functions
in a different way between ages 6 and
To Noam Chomsky's theories have
been added those of Swiss
psychologist Jean Piaget, who has
added the factor of environment to
the idea that children are genetically
disposed to learn language.
"Both Chomsky and Piaget
basically say the same thing," says Dr.
Ingram. "They see humans as being
endowed with the ability to organize
the world. Piaget adds interaction
the  environment,  an  interaction
creates, among other things, lingi
structures.   As  children   mature
continually    add    to    the    lingi
structure so they're able to cope
greater    and    greater    complexities.
Chomsky and Piaget are in the same
camp  in contrast to the behaviorists,
who     believe     the     environment
determines virtually everything."
Research on child language
acquisition is a comparatively new
field of study, says Dr. Ingram, even
though work began about 1850.
"Until the mid-1950s, most work in
the field was fact collection and little
attempt was made to explain what
the facts meant.
"In the last 20 years there's been
renewed interest in children's
language. And other disciplines —
psychology, education and speech
therapy — have become involved in
various aspects of it." ,
Data collection is still • central to
child language studies, enhanced today
by  high-quality recording equipment.
Dr. Ingram emphasizes that data
collection is a long and laborious
process. It involves tape recording
thousands of utterances by children
and transcribing them phonetically.
"Realistically, one may need 2,000 to
■3,000 sentences from, a child to be
able to say anything meaningful about
language development."
Dr. Ingram emphasizes the data
collection aspect of his work because
attempts have been made to construct
theories based on very little data, say
200 to 300 sentences. "I'm not
questioning the quality of the
theorizing, but I have reservations
about many of the ideas that have
been formulated because of the very
limited amount of data used to draw
Words analysed
Nor is Dr. Ingram too concerned
about the sheer volume of words
spoken by a child. It's not important
how many words a child can produce
in 15 minutes so much as the structure
of the sentence's, whether they're
produced in  15 minutes or  15 hours.
"As we analyse a child's words and
sentences," he says, "peculiarities
emerge. We try to predict why such
peculiarities develop and compare that
prediction to more general principles
about how a child learns to speak."
As an example. Dr. Ingram cites the
case of a child he is currently studying.
***£•* V
How do children learn y- s.:':.
That's the question beir.c ?a:c\\
intensively by Dr. Dawid Ingrar
above, of UBC's Department
Linguistics. His basic studies hi
practical    implications    in
fields    of    speech    therapy
education and psychology.
8/UBC Reports %.;;
|!P conventional wisdom is that
Jclren construct sentences by
Iding them up one word at a time,
jhiid will learn to say 'Mommy' or
>ddy' initially and will then add
vcl; to  say   'My   mommy'   or  'My
I'm     looking    at    about    3,000
eiances by a child between the ages
,V, -seven   months  and  one  year and
'[y\n months. The data  suggest that
f?j often learns an entire sentence, for
lK|mple, '1 want some more toys.'
Y-" /Then she learns to break it down
y ~p various  parts,   'I   want  toys,' 'I
;'.'Yiiit more toys,' 'I want some toys,'
i'lyii when she is aware of the parts of
iyi, sentence   she'll   start  substituting
''JMiy words, for example, '1 want some
other words, she doesn't create
sentences  until   she   has  broken
the old one. The data  in this
are at odds with the theory that
are built up one word at a
It's an •.example of how new data
doesn't conform to an accepted
can cause us to look again and
to construct a new explanation."
Dr. Ingram sees his work as having
i    theoretical     and    practical
In    an    arts   faculty    our    basic
n is to acquire knowledge for its
sake," he says,  "with  the hope
as    we     accumulate    more
ledge   about   ourselves,    society
be restructured in a more rational
:or   example,   suppose   that   the
learns language by learning a set
sentences.    If    that    were    true,
latically it would take the child
to hear enough sentences to do
at    happens     every     day     in
js   speech   —    produce    an
ifinite     variety     of     sentence
.ires.    What    children    actually
is an abstract set of rules and the
question  is how do they do it?
answer to the theoretical question
practical implications."
Changing attitudes toward children.
been    responsible    for    more
sis   being   put on  the  practical
of language acquisition. Until the
of the century, Dr. Ingram says,
iren were regarded as little people
were largely ignored.
"Today,     there's    much    more
rn about children for a variety of
)ns.   Educators   are   interested   so
can   prepare   learning   materials
are   appropriate   to   the   child's
Jage level.
• "Speech   therapists   are   interested
from the point of view of coping with
language disorders in a way that won't
involve psychological damage. I've
heard estimates that as many as six to
eight per cent of all children have
some problem with" language
development, and in a population our
size that's a considerable number of
young people."
Dr. Ingram believes that one reason
why progress is so slow in the study of
child language acquisition lies in the
lack of training in observation, which
results in poor judgments about
ourselves and other people and the
,way in which language is used.
"Anyone who plans to study
human beings, whether it's children,
adolescents or adults, should spend an
intensive year learning how to
observe," he says.
"But there's no university course
that teaches that. We spend an
enormous amount of time learning to
conduct experiments with animals, but
we don't study people and how they
behave in their natural environment.
"As a result, people who observe
children often make very poor
judgments about what the children are
doing, what's motivating them and
whether they're telling the truth. I
don't mean that children are deliberate
and habitual liars — sometimes they
say what they mean, but often they're
just pretending to know something or
they may be covering up uncertainty."
Poor Judgments
In short, says Dr. Ingram, we often
make poor judgments about the
behavior of ourselves and other
people. "Take the sentence, 'The man
left who was hungry.' No one would
regard that as a good sentence. I asked
students in one of my classes if they
talked like that and they said they
"But people produce sentences like
that ail the time and all it takes is a
good ear and a little training in
observation to realize that people
constantly say things that wouldn't be
accepted as formal, written language."
is child language acquisition related
in any way to the literacy or illiteracy
issue among university students?
Not at all, says Dr. Ingram. "The
problem is that many entering
students are unable to write a forma!
composition. Humans have one set of
sentences' that are used orally and a
whole set of stylistic rules that have to
be learned so that we avoid repeating
"These    stylistic    aspects    of    the
language have to be learned. It's a
totally separate skill and the student
who does badly in composition simply
hasn't been taught the stylistic rules of
the language. Those same students will
have developed very complex
grammatical skills by age 12 that
permit them to say almost anything
they want to say orally."
Nor does Dr. Ingram believe that
television has any significant effect on
speeding up language acquisition by
"In our society," he says, "parents
teach language because they are always
the initiators of conversation. Young
children aren't equipped with the
strategies for starting a conversation
and they won't learn language unless
they're spoken to.
"The point about television is that
it's passive — it doesn't involve
dialogue. I don't believe there's
anything harmful for language
acquisition in children watching
television, but if there's any learning
process involved it's rather
Are there any do's and don't's that
parents should observe in teaching
their children to talk?
"I don't think I'd ever tell parents
how to talk to their children," says Dr.
Ingram. "I'd suggest ways in which
they should relate to them,
emotionally and socially. If there's a
good relationship between parent and
child, things will follow more or less
naturally in terms of learning to talk."
There have been some preliminary
studies on how parents talk to their
children. Dr. Ingram says. "One type
of parent is very directive and naming
oriented. The parent will ask 'What's
this?' or 'What's that?' and teach the
child a lot of names. Children with this
sort of parent seem to learn a lot of
language quickly but in a structured
way for specific situations.
"The other type of parent doesn't
consciously try to teach the child to
speak. The parent simply says, of an
object, isn't that interesting?' and
encourages the child to talk.
"I wouldn't be prepared to say that
accelerated language development in a
child is of itself important. Quantity
isn't as important as quality — the way
in which the child uses language.
Generally, a rich environment in which
a child, has a stimulating set of
experiences and one that allows that
child freedom with his or her
experiences will be one that makes
things happen in terms of learning
UBC Reports/9 With the country still reeling from
the recommendations made to the
federal government last month by Mr.
Justice Tom Berger on energy and
pipeline development in Canada's
North, two UBC professors have begun
their pipeline-related inquiries.
By the end of the summer, Lysyk
and Thompson should be as much
household names as Berger is now.
UBC Dean of Law Kenneth Lysyk
has until Aug. 1 to report to Ottawa
on the social and economic impact of
building a pipeline along the route of
the Alaska highway. Law professor
Andrew Thompson is looking into the
marine aspects of making Kitimat an
oil port and is scheduled to begin
formal hearings July 11.
Both Dean Lysyk and Prof.
Thompson are on unpaid leave of
absence from UBC while carrying out
the inquiries.
Dean Lysyk heads a three-man
board which began holding hearings in
Yukon communities in May. His board
is studying the proposal to pipe
Alaskan oil along the Alaska highway
through the southern Yukon and the
northeast corner of B.C. to Edmonton,
which is the headwaters of the pipeline
system that now feeds Alberta oil to
U.S. markets.
Although Dean Lysyk was
appointed before the Berger report
was made public, Judge Berger stressed
than an assessment of social and
economic impact 'must be made for
the Alaska highway pipeline route
before any decision is made.
Judge Berger recommended that
Canada wait 10 years before building
any pipeline, and that the proposal to
build a pipeline from Alaska across the
northern Yukon to link up with the
Mackenzie valley be rejected.
Dean Lysyk's investigation is
complemented by a federal panel
which is looking into the
environmental implications of the
Alaska highway pipeline proposal.
Because of the time constraints,
Dean Lysyk's report is expected to be
only a preliminary study of the Alaska
highway proposal. Wherea,s Dean
Lysyk has three months to complete
his inquiry, Judge Berger's study took
three years at a cost of $3.2 million.
Dean Lysyk came to UBC as dean
in 1976 from Saskatchewan where he
was  deputy attorney-general.  He  has
10/UBC Reports
done extensive work on native Indian
Dr. Andrew Thompson's one-man
inquiry is concentrating on the
regional impact on Kitimat if that city
were to be made an oil port for
supertankers. Kitimat would receive
oil from Indonesia and Alaska by
tanker. A consortium of six companies
is proposing to send that oil by a
700-mile pipeline to Edmonton where
it could be shipped to U.S. markets
through  the Alberta  pipeline system.
The National Energy Board is
looking into the'overland implications
of the Kitimat-Edmonton pipeline.
, Dr. Thompson has been asked to
report to Ottawa within one year. He
will hold forma! and informal hearings
in the northern B.C. communities
affected by the proposal, following the-
pattern set by Judge Berger.
He has taught and written for many
years on natural resource and
environmental subjects and has been
chairman of the B.C. Energy
Six honorary degrees were
conferred at UBC's- annua!
Congregation ceremonies held June 1,
2 and 3.
The recipients were Grace fvlclnnes,
George Woodeock, Arthur Fouks, and
Ian McT. Cowan, all of Vancouver,
Gertrude Laing of Calgary and Har
Gobind Khorana of the Massachusetts
Institute of Technology.
Grace Mclnnes, British Columbia's
first woman member of Parliament,
was awarded the degree of Doctor of
Laws (LL.D.). George Woodcock, who
is retiring this year as editor of the
UBC quarterly Canadian Literature
and is himself one of Canada's most
distinguished writers, was awarded an
honorary , Doctor of Literature
(D.Litt.) degree.
Arthur Fouks, who received an
honorary LL.D., took both his
Bachelor of Arts, degree and his
Bachelor of Laws from UBC. He is a
former chairman of the UBC Board of
Governors. Ian Cowan, an
internationally-known zoologist and
one of UBC's most illustrious grads,
received an honorary Doctor of
Science degree. He retired as dean.of
the Faculty of Graduate Studies in
Gertrude Laing, granted an
honorary LL.D., was made an officer
of the Order of Canada in 1972 for her
many years of public service. Dr.
Khorana, who received an honorary
Doctor of Science degree, was a
scientist with B.C. Research on the
UBC campus from 1952 to 1959
where he began the genetic research
that eventually led to a Nobel Prize.
i re
r i/o
■ -in
< II
• la
no I e
,    »
:-rof.   Dorafd   MacDougall   of
Faculty   of   Law   has   been
president   of   the   Vancouver   Ui
Appeal for 1977-78. Jjlche
*   *   * I wis
Dr.    WiSSiam    Fredeman    of i ifal
Department  of  English was recent IISc
elected a fellow of the Royal Socie The
of Literature of the United Kingdoi ip
Membership in the society is restrict vei
to   300   fellows   who  are  promine irksl
writers and scholars. Prof. Fredemi afel
who has taught at UBC since 1956,
now    working    on    a    multi-volui ....
edition of the letters of Dante Gabr „
Dr. Gregory Butler of
Department of Music has been chosi "^
by the Association of Universities ai
Colleges of Canada as one of sevei
Canadian professors to take part
exchanges to Belgium and the Peopli " b
Republic of China. Dr. Butler willgi en s
three lectures during a 10-day lectu 'kor
tour of Belgium next February. Tu Jrn
Belgian professors will visit CanadaogP^r1
a lecture-tour later this year.
Dr.  Alex Carre in the  Faculty
Education has been appointed bytj|Cre
curriculum development branchof
provincial    education    ministry t   . M
prepare   a    new    physical   educatio  Jnc
curriculum for secondary schools
*   *   *
Forestry professor Dr. Harry SiflflMnad
is involved in a $230,000 study Dr.
forest management practices acres )fes
Canada. The five-man team of wh«! rrnt
Dr. Smith is part will visit universiti   -ore
Meg f
'j forest companies   in Canada, the
% and Sweden to look at intensive
,   ,jst management schemes.
4E-        *        ■}!•
Walters, director of the UBC
,lkeaich Forest, was elected
Jg-piesident of the Association of
Professional Foresters at their
jal  meeting   in   Prince  George  in
!jTwo UBC deans are part of a panel
nmg    the    question    of    water
idation.   Dean   of   Medicine   Dr.
Bates and dean of Dentistry Dr.
Wah    Leung   were   among   eight
e   appointed   to   the   panel    in
i!llrch   by   the   Social   Planning   and
Council of B.C.
* *  #
ordon    Selman,    an    associate
r in Adult Education at UBC,
been appointed editor of Learning,
quarterly journal of the Canadian
sociation for Adult Education.
* *   *
Three UBC people have been
sointed to a provincial government
i/isory committee on education for
> deaf. The three are Dr. Robert
in Pediatrics, who has long been
erested in problems of the deaf; Dr.
van Clarke in Special Education, who
iches teachers of the deaf; and Dr.
wis Robinson in Geography, who is
father of a graduate of the Jericho
Schoo! for the deaf.
The   10-member   committee   will
Ip  the   ministry   of   education   in
veloping    programs,    conducting
irkshops   and   advising   parents   of
* *  *
Mike Moran, a member ofthe UBC
ing crew which .won at the Royal
nley Regatta last year, was chosen
be part of the Oxford crew in the
nual boat race against Cambridge on
iThames River in March,
•jf  *   #
Prof. Emeritus John Turnbull, who
II be 100 years old this month, has
en elected a life member of the B.C.
ikon Chamber of Mines. Prof,
rnbull headed the mining
partment when UBC.was formed in
15 and retired from UBC in 1946.
* *   *
'Emeritus professor Dr. John F.
reary was honored recently for his
ibutions to medical education.
McCreary was presented with the
'iincan Graham award at the
invocation ceremonies of the Royal
allege of Physicians and Surgeons of
I Dr. McCreary retired from UBC as
ftyrfessor of pediatrics in 1975. He was
i'ymerly dean of Medicine and
r-'Ordinator of Health Sciences.
1977 Mai.__.      .    -   . -" .   " :    h
Canadian studies specialists. Prof. Robinson, a geographer, edited the background
map. Picture by Jim Banham.
Most er Teachers for 1977
Canadian studies experts
Two "experts in Canadian studies
won the UBC Master Teacher, awards
for 1976-77.
Prof. J. Lewis Robinson of the
Department of Geography and Prof.
Donald Stephens of the Department of
English were the 16th and 17th
members of the UBC faculty to receive
the awards.
The Master Teacher award
recognizes outstanding teachers of
undergraduates and is accompanied by
a cash prize of $2,500.
Four other faculty members were
awarded Certificates of Merit in the
competition. They were Prof. Rudolph
Haering in the Department of Physics;
Prof. John Helliwell in Economics; Dr.
John Murray in the Faculty of
Education; and French Tickner in the
Department of Music.
Both Prof. Robinson and Prof.
Stephens had won Certificates of Merit
for their teaching in previous years.
Dr. Stephens has been teaching
Canadian poetry and literature since
shortly after joining the faculty of
UBC in 1958. Dr. Robinson was one
of the first professional geographers in
Canada. He joined the UBC faculty in
1946 and served as head of Geography
for 22 years.
A scholarship fund for geography
students to honor Dr. Robinson's
contributions    to    past    and   present
students was estabfished^severa! years
ago. Former students of his may now
show their appreciation of this recent
teaching award by sending a donation
to the "Friends of J. Lewis Robinson"
scholarship.     Donations    are    tax
deductible and may be sent to Byron
Hender,  Director of Student Awards,
UBC, 2075 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver
V6T 1W5.
#   #   *
UBC chancellor Donovan Miller was
elected in April to a one-year term as 1
of 10 trustees on the Shaughnessy
Hospital Society board. The board
replaces the management committee
of the B.C. Medica! Centre which was
disbanded by the Social Credit
¥■      *      »
Dr. Richard Roydhouse in
Restorative Dentistry has been elected
president of the UBC Faculty
Association for 1977-78. Other
members of the association's executive
are . Dr. Oia¥ Slaymaker, Geography,
vice-president; Dr. David Elkins,
Political Science, treasurer; Dr.
Jonathan Wisenthal, English, secretary;
and members-at-large Dr. David
BaSzarini, Physics; Terence Burke,
Law; Laurenda Daniells, Library; Dr.
Beverley Green, Botany; Dr. Brian
Seymour, Mathematics; and Dr. Paul
Watkinson, Chemical Engineering.
UBC Reports/11 Dr. Robert Silverman, the noted
Canadian concert pianist and member
of The UBC music department, will
perform with the British Broadcasting
Corporation's symphony orchestra in
London in November as part of a
festival of Canadian music taking place
in several European capitals.
Dr. Silverman will play a concerto
dedicated to him by the work's
composer, Jacques Hetu. The work
was written in 1969 at the instigation
of Dr. Silverman, who suggested to the
Quebec City symphony orchestra that
Mr. Hetu be commissioned to compose
it. A Canada Council grant supported
the commission.
Dr. Silverman has performed the
work previously with the Quebec and
Toronto symphony orchestras.
Dr. Silverman will also perform
with the Toronto symphony in July
and has just completed a 13-concert
tour with the National Arts Centre
Orchestra, which included visits to
Ottawa, Winnipeg, Vancouver and
Prof. John Stager, associate dean of
Arts and a member of UBC's
Department of Geography, has been
elected first president of the newly
formed Association of Canadian
Universities for Northern Studies.
Dr. Stager is also chairman of
UBC's Committee on Arctic and
Alpine Research, which has been
-awarded a $34,000 Northern Scientific
Training Grant from the federal
Department of Indian and Northern
Affairs. The funds will be allocated to
faculty members for research in
Canada's north and for the support of
graduate students associated with the
The new association headed by
Prof. Stager was founded in April at
meetings in Churchill, Man., after 15
years of informal contacts.
Twenty-five Canadian universities
are members of the organization which
aims to encourage northern studies
and research. To achieve this it will
foster relations with residents,
organizations and governments in the
north and other parts of Canada and
with industry, non-governmental
organizations, universities and
scientific organizations.
The UBC Press has issued a volume
of essays honoring Dr. Wargaret
Ormsby, former head of the.
Department of History.
The book, entitled Personality and
History in British Columbia,
comprised the entire winter issue of
the UBC journal B.C. Studies, and has
been published by the UBC Press as a
paperback.     Essay     authors    are
12/UBC Reports
Prof. Christopher Brian in
Chemistry at UBC receives the
Noranda Award of the Chemical
Institute of Canada this month for his
original contributions in electron
spectroscopy in chemistry. The
Noranda Award is given annually to a
scientist under the age of 40 who has
made a distinguished contribution in
chemistry while working in Canada.
Prof. Peter Hochachka of
Department of Zoology has \
awarded a Guggenheim fellows!
The fellowships are given for dem
strated accomplishment! in the' past \
strong promise for the future. Pi
Hochachka, who joined the
faculty in 1966, is noted for
studies of fish and mammals capa
of surviving on little or no oxygen.
colleagues or former students of Dr.
One of the essays, by Prof. Cole
Harris of UBC'-s geography
department, is entitled "Locating the
University of British Columbia." It
describes the history and sociological
background that Sed to the decision to
locate UBC on its present site at Point
Five members of the'UBC faculty
have been elected fellows of the Royal
Society of Canada, this country's most
prestigious academic organization.
They were inducted on June 5
during the society's annual meeting in
Fredericton, N.B.
Elected members of Academy 11 for
the humanities and social sciences
were Prof. K. O. Burridge, head of the
Department of Anthropology and
Sociology, • and Prof. Geoffrey
Durrant, of the English department.
New members of Academy III for
the sciences are: Prof. John E. Phillips,
of the zoology department; Prof.
Robert E. Snider, Chemistry; and Prof.
Lawrence Young, Electrical
*   *   *
Chuck     Connaghan, UBC's
vice-president    for    administrative
services, has been made a member of
the   federa!   government's   Econoi
Council of Canada.
Dr. D. R. Piteau, a visiting associi
professor at UBC, has been a wan
the 1976 gold medal and certifici
from the Canadian Natioi
Committee on Rock Mechanics fort
best Canadian paper on applied ro
mechanics published during the y«
* *  *
Dr. Daw id Suzuki of UB(
Department of Zoology was invest
as a Companion of the Order
Canada in April at a format ceremoi
at Government House in Ottawa.
Dr. Suzuki will be going on leave
absence from UBC for one yi
beginning July 1. He was awarded
senior research scholarship by tl
Canada Council to study for
months. For the last six months ofl
leave, he wiii be working in Torop
on a series of science programs for tl
* *   *
Dr. Philip Townsley in Foi
Science will be able to continue I
experiments in the production
artificial coffee and cocoa, thanks
an $18,000 research grant from Jot
Labatt Ltd. of London, Ont.
Townsley has been researching pi*
cell reproduction and the possibility1 •atory-produced foods for several
hree UBC people are directors of
irganization   set   up   recently   to
,rch wildlife in the Spatsizi Plateau
, larness Park.
j. Irving Fox, director of UBC's
^water Research Centre; UBC dean
u itus Dr. Ian McT. Cowan; and
o.essor emeritus Dr. Vladimir
\ na are among the five directors of
>'>patsizi Association for Biological
* arch which will raise funds for
„.rch. The research will form the
m> of a management plan for the
ik, located about 200 miles north of
■Dr.   James   Kennedy,   director   of
gC's  Computing   Centre,   has   been
lined    a     counci!     member    for
wsi ancouver Community College.
Two UBC  psychologists have won
ternational awards from professional
ganizatlons for  their  research.  Dr.
,« iSph Hakstian has won the Raymond
ittell   Award   of   the   Society of
jltivariate Experimental Psychology.
Roger    Boshier,    a     social
KdRychologist    in    Adult    Education,
ceivedl the Imogene Okes Award of
Adult  Education Association  of
e U.S. for a paper recently published
iciffliich summarized  five  years of his
12 seffttor § dcyltf rat ir©
Twelve senior members of UBC's
teaching and research staff reached
the age of retirement in the
1976-77 academic year.
Three of those retiring have each
taught at UBC for 31 years or
more. They are:
Prof. David C. Murdoch of the
Department of Mathematics, a UBC
graduate who retires 33 years after
joining the faculty in 1944;
Prof. C. D. Samis, a 32-year
member of the metallurgy
department, who received the
Aluminum Co. of Canada Award in
1971 for contributions to his
discipline; and
Prof. Robert Wellwood, also a
UBC graduate and " a 31-year
member of the Faculty of Forestry
where he specialized in wood
science and wood utilization.
Retiring faculty members with
20 or more years of service are:
Prof.     Kenneth    Graham,    a
29-year member of the Faculty of
Forestry who specialized in forest -
Prof. Hans E. Ronimois, an
expert on Soviet politics and
economics and a member of the
Department of Slavonic Studies for
28 years;
Prof. J. E. Bismanis, an expert in
medical bacteriology who has
taught in the Department of
Microbiology for 25 years;
Prof.     Katherine    Beamish,    a
21-year member of the Department,
of Botany and former president of
the    Vancouver    Natural    History
Society; and
Dr. George Woodcock, whose 21
years of service at UBC included
teaching in the Department of
English and 17 years as the first
editor of the journal Canadian
Other retiring faculty members
Robert M. Hamilton, a faculty
member for 16 years, originally as
one of the first members of the
teaching staff of the School of
Librarianship and now as head of
the collections division in the
University Library;
Prof. Helen Gemeroy, a member
of the School of Nursing for nine
years and assistant director of
nursing in the UBC Health Sciences
Centre Psychiatric Unit;
Dr. F. D. Garrett, professor of
anatomy for eight years in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine; and
Prof. Muriel Uprichard, director
of the UBC School of Nursing since
1971. As director, Prof. Uprichard
supervised a complete revision of
the curriculum and training
program for nurses which resulted
in a doubling of the school's
student enrolment and teaching
astern Canadian uniwereitles honor three
Two retired members of the
BC faculty and former president
ohn B. Macdonald received
onorary degrees from Canadian
liversities in May and June.
Ruth Humphrey, who retired
orn the UBC English department
1963, received an honorary
egree at the May 9 convocation of
'ount Allison University in
ackville, N.B., where she took her
achelor of Arts degree in 1920.
Miss Humphrey was cited by
lount Allison as a "master teacher,
ho dedicated her years of service
'students, gained their interest in
terature through her own
insibility    and    enthusiasm,   and
proved their English with
^termination, strong yet tactful."
The citation  also characterized
ss Humphrey as one who
encouraged Emily Carr to realize
je gift of words, listened to her
:ories, admired and criticized
tern, and above all recognized
leii" magic."
Miss Humphrey joined the UBC
faculty in 1946 after teaching for
16 years at Victoria College,
forerunner of the University of
Victoria. Her brother, John P.
Humphrey, who retired recently
from teaching law, received an
honorary degree at the same
Dr. Leonard P. Svlarsh, professor
emeritus of education, received the
honorary degree of Doctor of Laws
at the June 4 convocation of
Glendon College of York University
in Toronto.
Dr. Marsh, who also gave the
convocation address, was cited by
York for his career as a sociologist,
economist, educator and musician
and as a- "man of letters whose
diverse service to Canada is of
unusual breadth."
He was a UBC faculty-member
for more than 25 years until he
retired in 1972. He taught in the
UBC School of Social Work and the
Faculty of Education.
He is widely known for two
federal government reports on
social security and housing in
Canada, prepared during World War
II. He is also an enthusiastic
amateur musician who plays the
violin, viola and ceilo. In 1972 he
wrote a widely reviewed book
entitled At Home with Music.
In recent years Dr. Marsh's
interests have centred on UBC's
International House, where he is
editing a book on its history and its
activities as well as chapters on the
overseas student in Canadian
education. The book can be
advance-ordered by writing to
International House, UBC,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
Dr. John B. Macdonald, UBC's
president from 1962 to 1967, was
the convocation speaker at the
University of Windsor May 28 when
he received an honorary degree. He
is now president of the Addiction
Research Foundation of Ontario.
UBC Reports/13 UBC's wice-presldent for faculty and
student affairs. Prof. Erich Vogt,
centre, led off as a wheelchair pusher
in the annual wheeSathon sponsored
by the School of Rehabilitation
Medicine. The mid-May event raised
more than $15,000 for organizations
for the handicapped, which get 90 per
cent of the proceeds. The balance goes
to support a scholarship fund for
students in the School of
Rehabilitation Medicine. Participants
wheeled themseltes or were pushed
around three- or six-mile routes for
per-mile money pledges by supporters.
Mark Kaarremaa photo.
In the 16 months since the UBC
Centre for Continuing Education
began its province-wide general
programming under the label "UBC
Interior Program," 53 educational
events have been held in nine
communities of the southern Interior.
Total registrations to date number
2,200. Registrations in the recent
winter session were 1,283, plus special
visits to public schools in Revelstoke
and Cache Creek.
Program director John Edwards,
centred in Vernon on the campus of
Okanagan College, says that
co-operation by UBC faculty has been
excellent. Since February, 1976, 42
faculty members have braved sun,
snow and the vagaries of modern air
travel to spend a day or more away
from regular duties to conduct
non-credit lectures and workshops in
the Interior.
"The benefits derived from the
Interior Program have a two-way
effect," suggests Mr. Edwards.
"Citizens of the Interior receive from
UBC faculty in a wide variety of
subject areas, and the faculty visitors
seem to find their experiences
stimulating by the' travel and break
from campus routines."
While the centre has offered
professional programs throughout the
province^ for years and the
Independent Study Program has served
many remote credit students with
correspondence courses, the UBC
Interior Program is a first step in
making genera! programming available
to the adult learner off the Lower
Mainland .. in response to need and
interest. When funds allow, the service
will- be extended north of the
14/UBC Reports
Trans-Canada highway to north-central
B.C., from which inquiries are already
being received.
Community arts organizations, ad
hoc citizen groups, and conferences
have benefited from the service at fees
which are commensurate with rates on
the coast. Programs are often
developed in concert with Cariboo,
Selkirk, and Okanagan ' Community
Colleges and are supplementary 'to
college adult education services.
Lectures, seminars and workshops
are scheduled on an evening or
weekend basis. One innovation is the
Vernon Institute lecture series,
modelled on the Vancouver Institute,
where Prof. Michael Ovenden, UBC
astronomer, recently addressed 150 on
the subject "Relativity . . . and
Beyond." The audience kept Prof.
Ovenden engaged with questions and
discussion until midnight.
"Now that the reputation of the
UBC Interior Program is becoming
established," says John Edwards,
"requests for UBC resources to speak
to Interior issues are increasing, and
the range of ■ subject interests is
widening to include everything from
assertiveness training to zoology."
This bears out President Douglas
Kenny's statement at the outset of the
■Interior Program when. he said, "I
consider it to be of great importance
that UBC personnel, and visiting
professors from other universities, be
physically present in the Interior . . .
The program's success depends upon
the needs of the Interior communities
being transmitted to UBC where
appropriate faculty can be identified
to meet those needs."
Continued from page 3
math background. A great deal
engineering is based on sin
derivatives and statistics. An artsi
who tried to take a basic enginee
course would be lost without first-
math. So that's a thing that li
understanding of engineering
students outside applied science.
UBC Reports: One more ques'
If you had the power to change
thing at UBC that would be of
to all students, what would it be?
Nigel    Kenneil:    Lower   te:
prices. That.would benefit all stu
KONRAD tVtAUCH: It's gettiE
tougher to get jobs .... and tli
one thing that will give you m
edge is .if you've been wB
prepared through good teaching!
Konrad   Mauch:   Yeah, somethiK
I've thought about a lot. I think thw
should modify the funding system ft
the University so that students pay*
total   cost   of   their   education. W
government  should  provide  financP
aid   for   students,   enough   to  getjf
student'   through    a. year.   Studelr
wouldn't    pay    interest    until   trap
graduate   and   get   a   job,   when tl
repayments would be indexed to thfi
income tax. So if you get a job ngf'
away you start repaying. But if y°uH
not  lucky  in the job market at leal-
you don't go to debtor's prison rigj|
away. W
!   think  this  system  would malt
•      Ar
students    serious    about    going  ■
university and it would do away wil-
this   argument   that   since  we're nil
paying the cost of our education m
should   have   no   say   in   how  wew
educated.   If we were paying the toti
cost of our education we could claijl
to have a say in how the University'^ F>
It would mean that students
d have a say in tenure. It would
ten up a lot of the profs around
ijre, I'm sure of it.
Ulnw   I   don't
IMow I don't mean that students
Id pay for the entire cost of
ning the University because a lot of
here isn't devoted to teaching
dents. There's research as well and
s a good thing. You've got a
tion where the bulk of the UBC
ating grant goes to faculty salaries,
profs don't spend all their time
ing; they do a lot of research and
involved in outside activities.
Most UBC buildings are a
mbmation of classrooms and
■arch labs. But the research labs
,'t built with research money. The
y to build them is put downtas
demic expenditure; it's never
as research funds. Now I'm not
ng that's bad. But in a situation
e students pay for the cost of
education, the cost to .the
tent would be the number of
tents divided into the portion of
University budget that can fairly
said to represent the costs of
j'aching undergraduates, not the
imber of students divided into the
University budget,
think this would solve the
roblem of accessibility for those
udents who don't have the money to
jme to university since you would be
ble to borrow money to cover both
tition and living expenses. If you
ire really keen you wouldn't have to
ike a summer job and you could get
trough more quickly. One- of the
forst aspects of the system we have
ow is that women students, for
istance, have to take jobs as
Stresses for four summers in a row
) finance their education when they
xild be doing something more useful
nd learning more.
It's getting tougher to get jobs once
ou've graduated and the one thing
lat will give you an edge is if you've
sen well prepared through good
aching. So 1 think the University has
)do more to ensure a high quality of
Every year we fill out teaching
filiation forms and it's pretty
isheartening to see no improvement
i a teacher who year after year gets
ad marks as a prof. There are people
'ho show no visible sign of
nprovement or they refuse to admit
hat they're poor teachers. So far as I
now there's no formal program for
aining Ph.D.s to become teachers,
utwe feel it's necessary to spend four
r five years training students to ■
ecome secondary school teachers.
Peter van der Gracht: Sometimes I
nder what 1 would have ended up
dying if some of my teachers had
n better than they were.
.Nigel Kenneil: There should be
some way of applying pressure to
•teachers who have been poorly
evaluated so they improve.
Meg Miller: I think there's a lot of
reluctance to put too much
importance on student evaluations
because students can be prejudiced by
lack of success in a course. But I do
think the University has to pay more
attention when a teacher gets a bad
evaluation  year  after year after year.
Nigel Kenneil: Yes, because after all
they are teachers. Research is
important, but it's secondary.
technology of classics is
definitely changing. The methods
are becoming far more
Peter van der Gracht: The problem
of tenure is really difficult. You can't
just change it at one university,
because all the good profs will simply
move to a university that has it. If it's
going to be eliminated, it will have to
be done Canada-wide, if not
throughout North America.
Meg Miller: There's something I
wanted to ask you engineers. It's
about how classicists and engineers
approach a problem. 1 was wondering
if there were any similarities in
methods of approach. In classics, for
instance, when we have a translation
problem — trying to straighten out a
sentence — we refer to our grammar
books and what editors and scholars
have said about the problem. What
kinds of problems do you tackle in
engineering and how do -you g° about
f*eter van der Gracht: Engineering
problems come up in a couple of ways.
As technology changes you have a lot
of engineers who are employed to
redesign something that's been based
on earlier technology. And as
technology improves a lot of things
that weren't feasible in the past
become possible.
A lot of the problems arise from
the needs of the consumer groups and
by people who decide they need
something. The problem in engineering
is to design something that performs a
function that society feels it has a
need for.
Konrad IVlauch: To give an
example, Pete and 1 are working on
the design of a system for editing
videotape, the magnetic tape that's
used in television for recording picture
and sound. Existing systems cost in
the order of $100,000 each. Now it
looks like it's possible to develop a
system that will cost under $5,000.
What we're doing is designing systems
^for that kind of price range.
So what you do is, you look at the
$100,000 system and then you try to
figure out how the parts of the
expensive system can be replaced by
cheaper substitutes.
Nigel Kenneil: Roughly the same
thing is happening in classics. As the
years go by research and scholarship
are constantly revising our view of
classical literature and history, cutting
away the errors. The technology of
classics is changing, not in as fast or
earthshaking a way as in engineering,
but it's definitely changing. The
methods are getting far more
Meg Miller: I suspect there's quite a
basic difference. You're improving on
the old and into new things as well. If
I come across a grammatical problem
in Thucydides, ! come across a
problem that every classical scholar in
history has grappled with.
Konrad IVlauch: Well, ! don't know
that the problems are too different.
The problems in electrical engineering
are those of power transfer and getting
the greatest efficiency out of that
power transfer, and energy conversion.
And the other problem is information
transfer of some sort or another.
The bases of electrical engineering
remained the same — information
theory and Maxwell's equations and
basic physics. Those things haven't
changed. What's changed is the way
things are done. Twenty-five years ago
you worked on analog phone systems;
now you're working on phone systems
that have gone digital. But both are
still concerned with transmitting the
human voice. It's just that there's a
new way of doing it.
Peter van der Gracht: The
problems remain the same. It's just
that man gets more demanding as time
goes on. Engineers look for new
solutions to old problems. From what
you've said I suspect classicists are in
approximately the same boat.
UBC Reports/15 The most significant athletic
victory of the year at UBC was
probably won at the ballot box rather
than on the playing field.
In a campus-wide referendum,
students approved by a 72 per cent
majority a proposal to increase from
80 cents to $2.80 the proportion of
the annual student athletic fee
allocated to women's athletics.
The victory, masterminded by the
Women's Athletic Directorate and
supported by the ' Men's Athletic
Committee, means that the athletic fee
will increase by $2 to $7. The $4.20
for men's athletics remains constant
and was not voted on in the
The increased appropriation for
women's athletics will mean a vastly
enriched athletic program in .... 12
established sports and the addition of
6 new sports -- soccer, squash,
bowling, rowing, ice hockey and
sailing — to the women's roster.
The WAD was awarded the Kay
Brearley Service Award at the annual
'women's awards banquet for its
successful direction of the
long-awaited referendum.
The Thunderette volleyball team
topped the 1976-77 achievement list
by going undefeated through the
Canada West league and then went on
to-capture the Canadian intercollegiate
championship at the University of
UBC also qualified seven swimmers
and divers and two gymnasts for
women's national intercollegiate
meets. Jennifer Diachun Palmer was
the outstanding gymnast, winning four
Frances Sloan, who went to Vienna
in April with the Canadian team for
the world' youth fencing
championships, led the UBC women's
team to its first-ever Canada West
championship in fencing.
The athletic year for men began in
fine style with Frank Smith's football
Thunderbirds having their best season
in a decade. They defeated the
University of Saskatchewan to capture
the western title but lost the national
playoff to the University of Western
Ontario. Outstanding fullback Gordon
Penn, who was lost to the 'Birds
because of a knee injury in the first
.play of the national final, and lineman
Al Cameron, were selected to the
all-Canadian team.
16/UB.C Reports
Five men's teams in cross-country
running, soccer, judo, volleyball and
swimming won championships in the
Canada West division. Six swimmers
and one diver ' qualified for the
national collegiate, championships,'
with diver David Pope winning both
the one- and three-metre events.
The UBC wrestling team, coached
by Bob Laycoe, had an outstanding
dual-meet season with a 17-6-1 record.
Clark Davis, the B.C. open champion,
was one of four UBC wrestlers who
went to the national intercollegiate
championships, where he won the
198-pound division and a berth at the
junior Pan-American Games.
Coach Laycoe was selected in early
March by the Canadian Amateur
Wrestling "Association to coach
Canada's team at an international meet
in Cuba.
The rugby Thunderbirds continued
their winning ways. They captured
their sixth straight northwest
collegiate title with an unbeaten
record, brought home the
inter-university Boot Trophy by
defeating the University of Victoria
16-3, captured the McKechnie Cup
,with a 25-7 win over the Victoria
Crimson Tide, and' retained the World
Cup by defeating Long Beach State
Thunderbird rugby coach Donn
Spence was again selected coach of
Canada's national team, which
includes eight UBC players — Preston
Wiley, John Billingsley, Dave Eburn,
LarryXhung, Ro Hindson, Rob Greig,
Dave Whyte and Bill Collins.
The Thunderbird ice hockey team,
under rookie coach Bert Halliwell, was
nationally ranked all year. Although
the team finished second to the
University of Alberta in the west, it
was awarded a wild-card berth for the
national collegiate tournament.
UBC and the University of Toronto
Varsity Blues were all even at the end
of a two-game, total-goals series won
by Toronto in the second overtime
period. The Blues then went on to win
the tournament by defeating Alberta
In mid-May, the UBC rowing crew
began its season on a winning note,
capturing the varsity eight
championship at the Western Sprints
in California. They bested "the
University of California at Santa
Barbara by almost seven seconds.
The UBC lightweight fours also
won /their grand finale race,
outdistancing San Diego State, and the
junior varsity eight came second in
their grand finale race. Graduate
student Al Morrow, a former
Thunderbird and Canadian national
team rower, is coaching the UBC team
this year.
'.' -'
UBC's top male and female athlet
for 1976-77' are Preston Wiley, aboi
winner of the Robert Gaul Memori
Trophy, and Anne Mackie-Morel
below, who was awarded the Sparli
Trophy. Wiley, a four-time Big Bloi
'winner, is a key member of
invincible UBC Thunderbird rugl
team. Ms. Mackie-Morelli was honori
for her outstanding performances
international track events. Earl McKenzie
:'! i
the following is one ofthe winners in
'' the fourth annual Chronicle creative
j writing competition. The author is a
j graduate student in philosophy and is
\currently spending his summer
J vacation teaching school in his home,
j Jamaica. "I Never Wanted to be a
IShopkeeper" is from "Cornshelling", a
work waiting for a publisher.
[The "Loaves and Fishes Grocery and
Bar" was a yellowish concrete building
and was built like a buttress against the
edge of the grave! road which ran
through the village. The bottom storey
wa- below the level of the road and
hoi ;ed the kitchen and the living quarter : the top storey contained the grocer) and the bar. Stretching above the
do< rs of both grocery and bar were
pai tings of loaves, fishes and glasses of
liqi or. The name of the shop was written in red on the centre wall separating
boi i doors ofthe grocery, and in spite of
the eeble "Stick no Bills" sign which an
eai '.er occupant had written pessimisti-
ca> j close to the edge of one of the
wa s, all the walls were a collage of
da ce advertisements, old election
po ters, literacy campaign slogans,
bii 'i control exhortations and health
ecf cation posters from the Ministry of
H» Jth.
iside, it was like most country
si1 ps. There was a glass case with
br id, buns and cakes on the counter
and the shelves were stocked mainly
with soft drinks and canned food. A
scale and a bunch of ripening bananas
hung from a broad wooden beam
erected over the counter and above the
beam were three coils of rope of different sizes. Two framed pictures hung
side by side from the shelves. One was a
copy ofthe shopkeeper's license with a
small passport size photograph. The
other was an enlarged picture of the
same man wearing a felt hat, coat and tie
and grinning broadly. A black ribbon
was tied around it with the ends forming
a huge bow at the man's neck.
It was about two in the afternoon and
a small mulatto woman approached the
shop striding manfully as her hard
leather shoes crushed into the gravel.
She wore a small red cap with a peak, a
red blouse and grey skirt, and she had a
small basket made from the bones of
coconut fronds slung over her left arm.
Her face was older and stronger than
her girlish body suggested and her
brows were knitted against the heat of
the sun. She turned into the shop and
took off her cap, revealing smooth
plaited hair. She rattled her knuckles on
the counter and began fanning herself
with the peak ofthe cap. As she fanned
she curved her upper lip and blew down
into her chest to aid the cooling. When
she didn't hear any sounds coming from
the rooms below she rattled her knuckles on the counter again.
"I am coming," a woman shouted
impatiently as the sound of footsteps
began on the stairway. A few moments
later the woman appeared at the door.
She was a stocky black woman with
large breasts, a broad face and full
proud lips. She wore a loose yellow
frock and a white head-tie.
" 'Devening Miss Mable," said the
small woman. "I beg you serve me half a
pound of pork."
Miss Mable's face wrinkled with distaste as she moved toward the pickle
barrel. She pulled out a hunk of pork
and began chopping it on the wooden
slab on the counter.
"Shop-work," she snorted contemptuously after a few moments. "Everybody know how I feel about shop-work.
Ever since Gustie — God rest the dead
— and me moved here, I been telling
people that the last thing in the world I
wanted to be was a shopkeeper. And is
not only when they fast with me that I
tell them so either. I used to be so much
happier staying downstairs and looking
after the house and the children. It was
only when I couldn't help it that I used
to show me face in this shop."
She weighed the pork and started
wrapping it in half a sheet of newspaper.
"But Gustie, he was a born shopkeeper," she continued. "So that was
why I used to tolerate it. We did very
good business here and no donkey
should be vexed to carry his own grass.
That was the only reason why I tolerated it. But the first good bidder I get I
17 going to sell out this shop."
"One small tin of Ovaltine," said the
small woman.
Miss Mable pulled up a box and stood
on it to reach the tins.
"Shop place is no place to raise your
gal-pickneys dem," she continued.
"And is three of them Gustie die and
leave me with. Even before their little
bubbles start showing through their
frocks, every man in the village with
something between his legs going to feel
he has a right to take liberties with them.
No shop-pickney ever come to anything
good. They exposed to every corruption
in the world. Nothing get me to stay
here. First chance I get, I gone."
"One pound of corn meal," said the
small woman. Miss Mable began weighing the corn meal.
"But the people in the village really
going to miss Gustie," Miss Mable continued. "He had a way with them. He
would buy things for them in town, give
them trust and even advise them on
finding ways of paying back. And with
all his music and games at holiday time,
he really knew how to liven up the village. Even the little pickneys dem going
to miss him. It going to be hard to move
out so, but I not raising me gaS-pickneys
dem here."
"Cho Miss Mable," snapped the
small woman. "I don't like to hear you
talk so you know. How this village sup
posed to run without either you or Gustie. I know it hard to lose a man like
Gustie, because a good man is as scarce
as gold in this country. I know that for a
fact. But you going have to pull yourself
together, Miss Mable. You can't just
leave us so."
Miss Mable shoved the packet of corn
meal toward the other items. "Anything
else?" she asked.
"No I finish," said the woman as she
pulled a knotted red and green handkerchief from her bosom and began loosening the money.
Miss Mable took a slip of brown paper
and began adding up the bill, her lips
moving as she calculated. The woman
put the items in her basket and waited
for her change. When she got it she
knotted the coins in the handkerchief
and returned it to her bosom. She lifted
the basket from the counter.
"Don't take it too hard me love. I
know it hot, but what to do? The Lord
giveth and He taketh away. Just try
your best me love. I gone yah Miss Mable . I have to get the dinner ready before
my Mr. Devil come home and start
mash down the house for his food."
"Walk good, me love," said Miss
Mable as she watched the small woman
stride out ofthe shop. As she turned and
began descending the stairway, a single
teardrop appeared in the corner of her
left eye and began running slowly down
mer he
her cheek. nlhjt me
Later that evening, Miss Mab i an ^un cat
her three daughters were in the i iidd|  and
of supper when she heard a vehic ; sto
in front ofthe shop. Complaining ;ndii
nantly at the interruption, Miss  4abl
began climbing the stairway. She bum
Drunk Already and four other r en
the shop. She recognized the fat reck
led face man as a Public Works c "ficia
but she didn't recognize any < f thi
"Good evening, Miss Mable,' saw
Drunk Already putting on the cu.turei
smile he reserved for "respectable'' vis
itors to the village. "I've invited thesf
gentlemen from the Public Works tt
have a drink with me."
Miss Mable eyed him skeptically. Hi
was a slender Afro-Indian and his back
was bent under the weight of his legen
dary debauchery. From his deferential
attitude — especially toward the fat mat
— Miss Mable suspected that he was in
some kind of trouble with the Public
Works and was offering the men drinks
in an attempt to appease them.
"You men come to examine the
tank?" she asked glaring at Drunk Already.
"Don't mind about the tank," said
Drunk Already.
"What you mean by 'don't mind
about the tank?' " snapped Miss Mable.
"When was the last time you put in the
IY x\
the ju
laut; ht<
nov  s
said. "
until 1
have :
You s
rial se
she i
the c
in tV
'I   /
!.i /
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you picked an outstanding one . . . U.B.C.
And one of the University's more outstanding
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U.B.C. is the home of the largest university
conference facility in Canada.
U.B.C. can offer you and, your group
beautiful summer weather, a unique physical
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We hope you will consider the U.B.C.
i      Conference Centre for your next conference.
You'll be coming home to a good friend.
Please contact us for more information:
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Conference Centre
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/-V.    r:
J ,thk ine tablets or fix the road? Unless a
hurt cane come you don't fix that road,
and vhen it come to the tablets...."
" 4iss Mable! I brought the gentle-
iriei here to have a drink, not to discuss
jme   usiness!"
"' 'he bar is closed," said Miss Mable.
•i \. ;eping it closed in respect for Gustie.'
T se fat man laughed. "Can't be for
the justie I used to know."
D-'unk Already echoed the fat man's
laughter. "Besides, is over three days
nov since Gustie's been buried," he
said. "And Gustie's spirit can never rest
until his bar is opened. Is a shame to
have a funeral for a man like Gustie.
Yoi; should have a carnival."
"Amen," said one ofthe other men.
"Come on Miss Mable," said Drunk
Already, "open the bar. We came here
specially to keep our own little memorial service for Gustie. We passed all the
other shops on the way. Nowhere but
Gustie's bar."
Miss Mable remained adamant. Then
she glanced up at the picture with the
black ribbon. Gustie's smile beamed in
the dim light of the approaching evening. Her face slackened.
"Awright," she said. "But I doing it
only for the sake ofthe strangers. "And
I don't want any bad behaviour on the
premises. The spirit of a dead man is still
in the house."
She went into the bar, lifted the
hinged end of the counter, and went to
the front door to let the men in. Then she
went back behind the counter and lit the
small lamp which was kept on the
counter so as to keep the heat and the
soot away from the liquor shelves. The
men ordered a bottle of white rum and
two tins of Nutrament and she put out
their order along with the glasses and a
bottle of water and a tray of ice from the
kerosene-operated fridge.
"And I hope the tank going to get
some good attention now," she said
looking at the fat man. Then she pointed
at Drunk Already. "Everybody here af-
ra-d of him. They afraid he going to
throw dirty things in the tank if they
report him."
"Awright Miss Mable," said the fat
man. "You going to get all the nice clean
water you want from now on."
"You mean chaser," said Drunk Already sprinkling a suspicion of water
over his generous helping of rum and
k»cubes. "You mean nice clean chas-
e:." The men laughed.
Miss Mable glanced around at them
a-d after giving Drunk Already a final
g:-ire, she left the bar to continue with
h.T supper.
The men drank far up into the night.
From her room she could hear the guffaws ofthe fat man, the continual cackl-
ii g of one ofthe other men and through
it all, Drunk Already's boisterous argumentation. After she had put the chil
dren to sleep, she went up to tell the men
it was time to quit.
She took one look at them and the line
of her mouth curved downward with
disgust. Drunk Already was slouched
on the centre stool, his shiny bald head
sinking closer and closer toward the
counter. His bulging eyes were already
assuming the opaqueness which she
knew often preceded his violent outbursts and his sexual exhibitionism. The
fat man was bent forward on the counter
with his head turned sideways, using his
arms as a pillow. The other men sat on
the lower stools and benches, their
heads bowed and their features barely
discernible in the shadows.
Miss Mable took a deep breath and
moaned. "Look at the animals dem,"
she said. "Not even animals do themselves so. It beat me how big sensible
men can just sit down and drink this
bad-tasting drink until they like little
babies, can't even help themselves. It
make me sick to see mortals treating
themselves so."
As soon as he recognized her, Drunk
Already fumbled in his breast pocket,
pulled out a soiled crumpled note and
put it on the counter. She looked at it
without picking it up.
"You worse than the others," she
said glaring at Drunk Already. "Look at
you who come from good family and
who went to school. You passed First
Year, and I heard you just missed Second Year by so. And look what you
make rum do to you. You can't even
hold down a job, sensible fellow like
you. You who when you was younger,
used to talk the English language so well
people used to stand up and listen to you
and go home and tell their children
about it. And look at you now. Looking
like the chicken that the hawk left."
Drunk Already stared bleary eyed,
and his head sagged a little closer to the
counter. Miss Mable glanced at the note
and making a face as if it stank, she
picked it up by one of the edges and
dropped it in the till. Then she slammed
the till shut without returning any
"No more rum-drinking here tonight," she declared. "Bar closed!"
Drunk Already stared drunkenly as
he tried to figure out the meaning ofthe
sounds he had heard. Miss Mable closed
the window, practically slamming it and
pulled the lamp toward her.
"Lock-up time breddaman," said one
ofthe less inebriated men. "Time to go
D.A. Come make we carry you home."
"Not a damn of that," said Drunk
Already getting the message. "Gustie
may be dead, but this is still his bar.
Gustie would never close a window on
his customers. Never! Never never
never! God bless Gustie! Rum,
Ruuum!" he drawled waving toward the
Miss Mable's mouth twitched with
ttGiistie9s spirit can
never rest until his
bar Is opened. Is a
shame to have a
funeral for a man
ike Gustie. You
should have a
19 determination.
The man who had spoken first moved
toward the door.
"Come on D.A. The lady said she
locking up the bar."
"Rum," said Drunk Already. "Rum.
R-U-M. That is what we came here for.
To drink to Gustie. To drink to our
friend Gustie. The late and great Gustie.
'He was a jolly good fellow, he was a
jolly good fellow.' I said rum for Gustie!"
"Hear what the lady said, D.A.," the
man insisted. "Come make we take you
Drunk Already mumbled unconvinced. Another man moved toward the
door. "Come Drunk," he said.
Drunk Already mumbled under his
breath. "Change!" he said. "Gimme me
change, or one for the road."
"I not giving you any change," said
Miss Mable. "All you going to do with it
is go to another shop and buy more rum
with it. You spending all the little money
you don't even have on this stupid rum
when your wife and pickneys dem don't
even have food in the house. You men
are a disgrace to humanity. You all
should be ashamed of yourselves. I
have a good mind to close down the bar
for good. This village doesn't need a
bar. We need school and church. We
don't need any bar!"
The men roared with laughter.
"Philosophy!" spat Drunk Already.
"Damn stupid philosophy!"
Without raising his head the fat man
kept chuckling long after the laughter
had died down.
Two of the men held Drunk Already
under the arms and began lifting him
from the stool. "Come Drunk. Don't
make any trouble in Gustie's bar. Gustie
will be turning in his grave if you give his
wife any troubles."
"Long live Gustie!" shouted Drunk
Already as the men hauled him to his
feet. "Long live me friend Gustie! I
going because I respect the gentlemen,"
he said as the men guided him toward
the door. "I going because I know how
to treat strangers."
He staggered out to the road apologizing to the men for the humiliation. "I see
I going have to train her," he said. "I
really going have to teach her to run a
bar. Sorry gentlemen, but next time you
going to be accorded the respect you
deserve. I going to see to that meself!"
The following morning at about ten
o'clock, Miss Enid, Drunk Already's
wife, arrived at the shop to buy food for
Drunk Already's lunch. She was a plain,
thin, black woman. She wore an old
straw hat, a loose, washed-out blue
frock and a pair of slippers made by
cutting away the back of an old pair of
shoes. After she had bought a few simple items, Miss Mable took the amount
of change she had kept from Drank Already's payment the night before and
put the money on the counter in front of
"This is change left over from your
husband's rum-drinking last night. I am
sure you have more use for it than he."
Miss Enid looked down on the coins
"I not troubling his money, ma'm,"
she said. "He is a funny man when it
comes to his money. What he don't
give, I don't take."
"Woman don't be fool-fool!" snapped Miss Mable impatiently. "You have
those eight pickneys down there that he
gave you at night in his drunken state
and you talking foolishness about a few
drink-and-left cents. Woman take up the
When Miss Enid did nothing, Miss
Mable picked up the coins and returned
them to the till.
"Awright," she said. "I going to give
it to you in goods. What you want?"
Miss Enid giggled shyly.
"Awright," said Miss Mable. "Since
is dumb you dumb, I going to give you
what I think you should get."
She weighed and wrapped two
pounds of rice and a pound of flour.
Then she added a small tin of sardines
and a dried coconut. She calculated the
bill at the edge of a piece of newspaper
and then added eight paradise plums to
bring it up — five from the amount left
over and three added to make sure each
child got one.
"Now go and cook a nice dinner for
yourself and children. And he going to
eat from it too! It grieve me that women
have to go to so much trouble to get
money from men, so that they same
ones can benefit from it. I never see a
foolisher situation in me life!"
Still giggling shyly, Miss Enid picked
up the items and left.
That evening, immediately after
finishing a sale in the grocery, Miss
Mable heard someone rattling on the
counter of the bar. She went in to find
Drunk Already waiting for her. He was
wearing his drudging clothes and she
could see his basket and digging bill on
the piazza in front ofthe bar.
"Man, I dying from thirst," said
Drunk Already. "The sun nearly killed
me today. Give me a shot of whites from
that change I left here last night."
"That change turned into a nice dinner and waiting for you at home. I gave
your wife some goods with the money.
G'wan home and give the bar a rest. One
of these days that stool going to talk to
you like Balam's ass."
"What that you said 'bout goods?"
asked Drunk Already speaking very
quickly, a glimmer of his famed intelligence appearing in his eyes."
"I said your wife came here and I
gave her some goods with the money."
"You gave my wife goods with my
money / left here?"
"Is deaf you deaf?"
Drunk Already stared at her, his :yes
clearer than she had ever seen then' before. They were so clear they fright ned
her. He got up from his stool and le ned
toward her, his eyes searching h< r Sq
thoroughly and so deliberately she pul-
led back from him.
"She asked you for it?" he askec, his
voice almost a whisper.
"How she supposed to ask me ft r it?
She knows anything about how I ru > me
business?" '
"And you gave her my money, lust
like that."
"Is for your own good. You goirgto"
eat that food." '
"But if you see me dying trial,"i
exclaimed Drunk Already his voice
hoarse with disbelief. "Not even me
wife can spend me money without me -
permission. Not even me mother-1
God rest the dead!" ,
"God rest the dead is right! If I wai,
your mother when she was alive, I1
woulda beat you with me own hand, bi; \
as you is!" ,j[:-
"But look how this woman trying t( ''\\{
mash up me family," shouted Drunk Al Already. "Look how this woman fasting ii *' j1
me business, coming between me an('rJij
me wife and children. Look at this mar
riage killer!"
Miss Mable raised her eyes supplicat
ingly to the roof of the bar, her full lipi
muttering. A single teardrop appeareo
in the corner of her left 'eye and rollei1
swiftly down her cheek.
"Look what me Mable Hunter come
to!" she exclaimed. "Look what me
come to having this no-good drunkard
telling me hot-word in me shop." U
A group of onlookers had appeared at •
the door of the bar. ''
"Man get outa me shop," yelled Miss £
Mable. "Take your drunk worthless sell '
outa me shop."
A few people in the crowd giggled.
Drunk Already turned and walked out
ofthe bar. The crowd parted to give him
way. Muttering something about Gustie, he picked up his basket and digging
bill and stormed angrily down the road.
The people in the crowd laughed and
shouted after him as he walked away.
Drunk Already decided he would sell
one of his wife's pet Saying fowls to get
back his money. And since he owed
money at two of the shops he would
have to pass on his way home he would
pretend he was so drunk he couldn't
understand a single word.
Miss Mable walked from the bar to
the grocery to face the group of adrr r-
ing customers. The small inula' o
woman was grinning broadly. S >e
raised a clenched fist and shook it in t ie
direction of the departing Drunk . 1-
"God knows I didn't want to be a
shopkeeper," said Miss Mable. "F it
now that he has made me one, I going o
run this shop according to His word! □
Hei Mmm
relations delegation in Victoria in April,
1976-77 alumni president, James Denholme
(left), Charlotte Warren, (right) president,
1977-78 and alumni executive director,
Han y Franklin. They presented the premier
with copies ofthe association's briefs on
ace ssibility to higher education and
rese >rch funding. Other members of the
dek ,ation were Dr. Joe Katz,
com nunications chair, Dr. Oscar Sziklai,
an c sociation officer, Susan Jamieson
Mel arnon, communications director and
Hire  student representatives, John De
Ma   o, AMS president, Paul Sandhu and
Hei > Dahliwal.
Aquatic Centre
The John M. Buchanan Fitness and Research
Area of the new campus Aquatic Centre is
$100,000 closer to its $350,000 completion
goal, thanks to an alumni association pledge.
The $100,000 allocation, which will be paid
over a five year period, will be from "free"
funds — those gifts to the UBC Alumni Fund
that are undesignated by their donor and are
surplus to the scholarship and bursary commitments ofthe association.
The first $20,000 installment was presented to the university chancellor, Donovan
Miller, at the association's annual meeting
May 30 at Cecil Green Park, by James L.
Denholme, 1976-77 alumni president.
The association is currently in the midst of
a Lower Mainland alumni special names
campaign to help raise the additional
$200,000 needed to complete the area. Denholme who is heading up the campaign said
that "We are hopeful that alumni gifts will
make up a large part ofthe $350,000 needed
to equip the Buchanan area. Alumni have
already given over $50,000 directly to the
The Annual Report:
A Resume of 1976-77
Each year the alumni association prepares a
report on all aspects of its activities for presentation to its annual meeting. This year
that meeting was held May 30 at Cecil Green
Park. The following is a sampling of that
report. A limited number of copies of the full
report are available upon request to the
alumni office, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1X8.
"The winds of governmental priority review and financial restraint have continued
to flow" during the past year and the financial
pressures placed on the university have been
partially passed on to the association. One
result, said 1976-77 president, James L.
Denholme, is that the association has been
forced to accelerate its review of priorities
and allocation of staff and financial resources. He continued: "The future is
difficult to predict but it seems fairly certain
that the present financial pressures will remain with the university for some time. We
can expect increasing debate about educational priorities and problems including fundamental challenges to the need for higher
education.... It is vitally important... that the
opinions of our university alumni community
be clearly heard."
The association's executive director Harry
Franklin outlined the challenge of serving a
constantly growing number of alumni — with
the 1977 graduates, membership is over
80,000. A reduction in the association's grant
from the UBC board of governors will affect
some program activities and has prompted a
search for external revenue sources. One
plan that has been approved is the promotion
and sale of a sterling silver plate depicting the
main library. The association will earn a
commission on all orders.
The UBC Alumni Fund had a banner year,
handling more money — $407,000 — than in
any other year in its history. Three new
memorial funds have come under its auspices, those for A.J. Wood, Frank Gnup and
M. Pernarowski.
In government relations activities, the association welcomed the members of the provincial legislature to campus for MLA Day/
76, initiated a new series of "Contact" news-
21 Cecil Green Park and the association's
annual meeting was the scene when Helen
McCrae, MSW'49, (right) dean emerita of
women was given the Alumni A ward of
Distinction for her contributions to
education and the community. Dr.
Charlotte David (left), professor of special
education and first coordinator and director
ofthe B.C. Mental Retardation Institute, a
campus multidiseiplinary teaching project,
was named an honorary life member ofthe
association. Also honored at the meeting
was Frank Johnston, BArch'53, president of
the Friends of UBC (Inc.), recognizing his
years of service to the American arm ofthe
UBC Alumni Fund.
letters on campus developments and in April
visited Victoria for meetings with the premier, the minister of education and the caucuses. The association delegation presented
briefs on accessibility to higher education
and research funding.
Commerce alumni report a busy schedule
with student luncheons, alumni seminars,
the publication of Commerce Comments and
an annual dinner with guest speaker Roy
Romanow, attorney general of Saskatchewan.... The fall dance at the Airport Hyatt
and the Alumni Concerts music series were
two of the items on the special programs
calendar.... Cecil Green Park dinners for
student leaders were sponsored by the student affairs committee, which is sponsoring a
revival of the fall student leadership conference. The tutorial centre in SUB again
served a useful function for student and tutor
In awards and scholarships, there are two
new $1,250 national scholarships, the Norman MacKenzie scholarships have been increased to $600 and eight new ones added for
regional college students coming to UBC...
There have been branches functions in Prince
George, Courtenay, Fort St. John, Victoria,
Kimberley and Prince Rupert. Out-of-
province alumni met in Ottawa, Edmonton,
Los Angeles, Fredericton and Washington,
D.C.... Home economics looked in new directions" with a newsletter, a student-alumni
dinner, a seminar on the garment industry
and fund raising plans.... The travel program
continues with international and local offerings. Plans for next year include a Far East
journey, skiing in Europe and an expedition
to Easter Island.
It's been a record year for the speakers
bureau with 315 faculty members volunteering for duty. By April 30 arrangements for
118 e ngagements had been completed.... The
Fairview committee was happy to report that
a portrait of Gladys Schwesinger hangs in the
library of Cecil Green Park, now called the
Schwesinger Room. (Dr. Schwesinger,
BA' 16, was a strong supporter ofthe university and the alumni association. She left the
association a large bequest to maintain its
activities.) Arrangements are near completion for a display marker for the campus
Fairview Grove.... The nursing division held
a career night, re-introduced the nursing
newsletter and increased the number of
awards offered by its scholarship fund.
Young Alumni Cfab goal for the year was to
improve contact with undergraduates and
alumni by way of YAC Yak, their newsletter,
informal reunion evenings and celebrity dinners. YAC donated $5,000 towards the repainting of the exterior of Cecil Green
Park.... Dental hygiene hosted an evening
seminar — demonstration on developments
in the faculty.... Current Chronicle circulation is over 60,000 copies per issue. A communications committee decision to include
two UBC Reports supplements brought greater "news" coverage of campus events. The
association's communications policy has
been updated.... On the athletics field it has
been a year of growth and achievement with
numerous UBC men's and women's teams
distinguishing themselves nationally and internationally.
The May 30 annual meeting was by way of
an unofficial birthday party marking the 60th
anniversary of the founding of the alumni
association, May 4, 1917. And it was ten
years ago that the alumni association first
made its home in Cecil Green Park. From the
executive director's report a note of thanks:
"On behalf of the officers and board of management and the association's staff I extend
to Dr. and Mrs. Cecil Green our thanks and
appreciation to them for making our jobs of
serving UBC and this community more effective, satisfying and enjoyable.
Alumni Committee
Recommends Changes
The association's finance and administration
committee has nearly completed its examination ofthe organization and has come up with
some proposals, which will give the Cecil
Green headquarters staff something of a new
A major recommendation is that the staff
function of the alumni fund and program departments be combined under a director of
alumni affairs. The association is currently
seeking an individual for this post, with an
expected appointment date of August 1
the area of programs the new directoi will
administer everything from the annual dinner
through reunions to the speakers bureau
The alumni fund is a major responsibility and
the alumni affairs director will have a three'
month training period with the present director, I.C. (Scotty) Malcolm, who retires on
March 31, 1978. (For information on the
alumni affairs position contact, Harry
Franklin, executive director, UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Rd
Vancouver, V6T 1X8 (604) 228-3313.)
The committee has made several recommendations regarding priorities in the association's activities. Two suggestions are
that further effort should be made to enlist
volunteer participation in functions previously done exclusively by staff and that more
programs, particularly social ones, shou.d be
A Summer Session
For Seniors
Retired people throughout B.C. are in ited
to spend some time at UBC this sum ner,
participating in a lively, no-cost learning experience.
It's the fourth annual UBC summer j og-
ram for retired people and this year thi age
requirement for participation has been ow-
ered to 60 years. A total of 30 week- ong
courses will be given during the session ( uly
1 to August 12). Out-of-town students ws be
interested to know that there are two funi ^ to
help with the cost of campus residence accommodation. The summer program ha1 aid
]lP  '!
of I
Pre ,\ji! ible for those taking ihe one-week
u,ur esand the UBC Alumni Fund has given
'agi i st to assist those registering for regular
!|hie<- or six week summer session credit
ijaur es.
J  \\- is not work in this summer session,
,11,011 h.  Social and cultural activities are
placed for between classes, including a
!,niid   ession tea at Cecil Green Park, co-
spoi .ored by the alumni association.
Tl ore is a wide variety of course topics to
Hanoi- >e from. Some are "by request repeats"
M . g.rdening in small spaces, the well-read
ar iparent, Vancouver weather and an in-
od 'Ction to the  UBC  Museum of An-
C'Ology. But a good many are new ones:
aspects of Canadian history; Quebec and
Confederation; wild flowers of B.C. and
mus c appreciation are a few examples. To
leceive a brochure outlining all the courses
and i registration form contact the Centre for
Confinuing Education,  UBC,  Vancouver,
V61 1W5 (228-2181, loc. 270 or 276).
tion and hypnosis; Alumni in Portland, Oregon and Courtenay/Comox should watch for
an announcement of a local alumni event in
the early fall.... The commerce division has
its first female president, M.L. (Chrys) Crystal McQuarrie, BCom'65.... The YAC, that
ever-energetic herd of young alumni assembled a team for the annual Whistler
Mountain/Red Nose Tavern May Weekend
Volleyball Tournament as part of their expanding athletics program. This summer
there's volleyball and croquet on the lawn at
Cecil Green Park and baseball in addition to
the regular Thursday and Friday evening
gatherings, 8 p.m. to 12:30 a.m. Senior students and alumni are invited to participate.
(Above) Stephen Kisska, BA'56 and his wife
Joan, attended the fust Washington, D.C.
All-Canada University Alumni dinner in
March to hear guest speaker, Jake Warren,
the Canadian ambassador. In
CourtenayIComox over 60 alumni and
guests came to hear Prof. Malcolm
McGregor's discourse on Athenian
democracy and its modem counterpart.
(Below) Dr. McGregor answers questions
from some of his listeners, (right to left)
Mrs. McGregor, the professor, William
Newman, BA'52, Dorothy Barrow Taylor,
BA'32 (back to camera), an unidentified
guest and Joan Anderson Bullen, BHE'49,
'Another Chapter in
'Chronicle Creative
The fourth annual Chronicle creative writing
contest is now history. The judges, having
peiused and evaluated the 32 short stories
received from some of UBC's struggling author*. — of the undergraduate and graduate
school variety, came up with four winners.
This year's panel of judges was composed
of Dr. Herb Rosengarten, ofthe English department, Nicholas Omelusik, head of the
leading rooms division ofthe libary, Dr. Jane
Cowan Fredeman, senior editor at the UBC
Press and Eric (Jabez) Nicol, humorist,
playwright, author and columnist.
During the presentation ofthe awards at a
Cecil Green Park reception honoring the
winners, the judges noted that the final decision was a difficult one, with the four finalists
extremely close. The result of their deliberations were that George Ekkel's "Blue Eyes
and Black Mirrors", received the $175 first
prize. Ekkel is in third year English. The
runners-up, for $75 prizes, were "Outside
the Cabin" by Dan Bosiey, Law 1, "1 Never
Wanted to be a Shopkeeper" by Earl
McKenzie, a graduate student in philosophy
and "Action at a Distance" by William En-
wnght, a graduate student in creative writing.
''■ he prizes were presented by Scotty Malcolm, director ofthe alumni fund. An allocation of $500 by the fund provided money for
the prizes and competition expenses.
Aiurnni Miscellany
Hp ne Ec alumni came up with lots of answers
to he question "What are you wearing this
ye.T?" in a day-long seminar, April 30 at the
Ul-C Faculty Club. Over 180 alumni partici-
pa: ed in the program that covered fibers, fabric ,, the garment industry and consumer
ed cation.... Out in the branches: Edmonton
gi tis gathered to meet Harry Franklin,
ah nni executive director for a reception and
sh «. show; Dr. Du-fay Der, ofthe education
fa j|ty addressed 40 Prince Rupert alumni
dn   guests on the topic of relaxation, medita-
(■ -:
,1 . i        -.
* f      "1   >
' "a»   "     '    ' r       4-"It"
23 m®M
The Class of '17 had a mini-reunion in April
at the UBC Faculty Club. At the behest of
Jean Abernathy Millar, BA' 17, from Calgary,
Evelyn Storey Lett, BAT7 rounded up the
other Vancouver grads from that year, Kathleen Mutrie Smith, BAT7 and A. Winnifred
Lee, BAT7. They were joined by Isabel
McMillan, BAT6, and all had a "very happy
luncheon party together." Missing from the
reunio-n were Helen White Thorman, BAT7,
who is living in England, and Milton D. Bayly, BAT7, who writes from Florida that he
continues teaching Sunday morning fellowship classes in St. Petersburg, as he has for
the past 14 years, although he has recently
moved to Largo, Florida. Winnifred Lee, by
the way, has developed a considerable reputation as a stamp collector and her collection
(featuring stamps showing 'Chinese Artistry') was honored at the April meeting ofthe
Royal Philatelic Society held in Vancouver.
Simon Fraser University awarded Kenneth
P. Caple, BSA'26, MSA'27, an honorary degree at: its May convocation. Former chancellor of SFU (1969-1975), Caple was a long-
serving member of the UBC senate and
board of governors. To mark the 10th anniversary of the Vancouver chapter of the
Archeological Institute of America, distinguished classical scholar, Homer A.
Thompson, BA'25, MA'27, LLD'49, (PhD,
Michigan), gave a lecture at UBC's Centre
for Continuing Education. Thompson, who
directed the excavation of the Agora of
Athens, used slides to illustrate the importance of the Athenian pottery in deriving
knowledge of Athenian culture and life. In
1973 he was awarded the institute's highest
honor — the gold medal for distinguished
archeological achievement....John L. Kask,
BA'28, suggests in a letter that the Class of
'28 should have a golden homecoming next
year, he would "like to see the old gang."
Kask, a resident of La Jolla, California is a
fisheries consultant to the administrator of
the United Nations development program in
New York.
In a letter to the Chronicle, a member of
the first class to attend lectures on the Point
Grey campus, H. Gordon Baker, BA'29, offers some interesting reminiscences. He recalls the first days of intercollegiate swimming competition when he was UBC's sole
diver and Mary Carter Morrison, BA'29, was
the female star. The first western intercollegiate meet was held at Banff during the
winter with the racing in the outdoor sulphur
pools. Reginald A. Wilson, BA'29, (MD,
McGill), (CM, McGill), (MRCP, London),
(FRLP, C), recently named clinical professor
emeritus in pediatrics at UBC, was captain
and backstroke specialist. The UBC team
was victorious. Another sport to gain Bak-
ut   ill
Winona Ok.
"I was appalled by the individual's health
and the inability of people to help themselves and to make positive choices."
That's how Winona OkunRowat, MD'71,
describes her commitment to preventive
Still a new term to many people, 'preventive medicine' is simply caring for the
person both physically and mentally —
before the onslaught of disease. It's a
very old idea, but one that has slipped
into disuse in an increasingly mechanized
society with its reliance on highly trained
medical personnel and convenience
foods. "Health is not merely the absence
of disease," Rowat points out, "it's a
whole psychological and physical entity
— a feeling of positive energy and having
extra reserves."
"We are the only animal that has the
audacity not to get ourselves into shape
physically — and to think that we can get
away with it." Rowat knows she can't
change all that overnight. Her work in
Vancouver's Preventive Medicine Centre
is a first step in the transition ofthe doctor's role in society from that of 'Big
Brother' who patches up the results ofthe
self-indulgence of individuals to that of a
guide in the re-learning of responsibilities.
After graduating from Cornell University's school of hotel administration in
1962, Rowat spent two years travelling in
the Middle East and then one year managing a restaurant in New York. Her first
two years of medical studies were at the
University of Chicago. After transferring
to UBC she completed her degree and did
a year of graduate work in internal
medicine at Shaughnessy Hospital. In the
five years since then she has become increasingly interested in the preventive
side of medicine. After a series of twice-
weekly meetings with similarly interested
doctors and a pioneering workshop in
preventive medicine, she became a co-
founder of one of Canada's two clinics for
preventive medicine. (The other is in Victoria.)
In a series of extended meetings with
the patient, Rowat and other members of
the clinic staff assess his or her lifestyle,
examining diet, exercise, stress and environment. Most of the centre's patients
have approached the clinic on their own
accord but an increasing number are
being referred by doctors who realize the
potential of such attention.
Rowat is adamant about the main pit-
fails in modern society. Her method of
bridging them is simple but devastating: a
patient keeps track of a week's intake of
food and drink. "When people write everything down, they're shocked. People
are just amazed at the percentage of their
diet that is refined or fatty." Smoking,
exercise (or its lack) and factors of stress
are also noted along with the patient's,
medical history. What emerges is a
clear-cut diagram of what each person is
doing to him or herself, physically and
"People are surprisingly honest," says
Rowat. They want to improve their health
and are enthusiastic about beginning
aerobics programs, attending quit-
smoking clinics and changing their diets
to include more 'real' food. After only
four months of operation, their patients'
general awareness has risen dramatically.
"On the whole it's fun counselling people
and most of them are really receptive
when they see that you're not trying to
threaten them with a black and white
Rowat's attempt to bring a higher level
of health and awareness to the average
Canadian (who scores pathetically low on
all international scales of fitness and
health) is siowly bringing both she and hei
colleagues rewards. Each positive step
that a patient takes is a regaining of lost
responsibility. "We are trying to put the
responsibility for health back on the
shoulders ofthe individual. In some ways
we are sharing it, but in the end, the responsibility does rest with the individual."   J eniion was rowing. Although the sport
.inched at UBC a few years before by
raig Oliver. BA'26, BA'27. and Wil-
4. Baine, BASc'26. Baker and several
uites managed to get together UBC's
oared rowing team.
g lly exported to the U.S. in 1959 and sold
lo a 'oily wood heart surgeon for $3,740, the
lliisti ical portrait of anatomist William Har-
y > back where it belongs in the National
ait Gallery of London, thanks in part, to
efforts of Vancouver alderman, William
C. Gibson, BA'33, (MSc, McGill), (D.Phil.,
.on), (MDCm, McGill), and head of UBC's
"department of the history of science and
medicine. Gibson, who helped to raise a large
portion ofthe $68,000 repurchase price, was
on hand for the recent unveiling ceremony.... Having joined the company in 1943,
ff.EI. (Walt) Dingle, BASc'34, recently re-
tiied from a 33-year career with Imperial Oil.
He served in several capacities including regional manager of production and Alberta
corporate manager.
Roger Stanier, BA'36, (PhD, Stanford),
(DSc, Rheims), who retired from the University of California (Berkeley) in 1971 to assume a professorship at the Pasteur Institute,
Paris, has been made a Chavalier de la
Legion d'Honneur a titre etranger. Last
year, he was the recipient ofthe Ernil Christian Hansen medal, given every three years
by the Carlsberg Foundation of Copenhagen
to a distinguished microbiologist. He is the
first Canadian to receive this a-
ward.... Although he has been federal deputy
minister of finance since June 1975, Thomas
K. Shoyama, BA'38, BCom'38, finally got
down to business for the 1977budget. He had
only held the position for 3 months when he
worked on the 1975 budget and in 1976 the
situation was reversed as he worked
alongside neophyte finance minister Donald
"Art has tended to lose its function of being a record of contemporary life, and tends
to try to be a record of a state of mind," says
Joe F. Plaskett, BA'39, whose works were on
display at the University Art Gallery and
Museum in Edmonton this spring. The exhibition was the result of an extensive sketching
trip into the interior of B.C. in 1956-57. "A
new record of a place that existed historically
wiii always have its value."
Jo'ip. D. Creighton, BA'43, BSF'43, purchasing manager for Rayonier Canada, was recently elected national chairman of the
Canadian Pulp and Paper Association's purchasing services section....The musical
acTptation for television of the Charlotte-
to-vn Festival's "Johnny Belinda" was the
second major CBC-TV production this sea-
sc ri of Norman Campbell, BA'44. The
E- lmy-award winning director has also done
four specials for American television net-
w ;rks this season....On leave of absence
fri.m the federal department of health and
wdfare. Dr. Beverly Du Gas, BA'45,
E'I.D'69, (LLD, Windsor), is finding her new
lo -ation in the Barbados a much more plea
sant climate. She is conducting a 10-month
project teaching and training allied health
personnel for the Commonwealth Caribbean
countries....New president of the Mining
Association of B.C.. J. Har\ey Parliament,
BASc'45, has advocated strong cooperation
with the government in developing mineral
potential. He points out that dialogue and
input from involved parties is essential to the
development of B.C.'s mining industry....The 1977 award to "Chemist of the
Year" went to Dr. Marion D. Francis, BA'46,
MA'49 at the February meeting of the
American Chemical Society.
Everything is on the way up for Harry
Gordon, BASc'46. He is the originator of a
new method of concrete modular construction. The modules are already being used for
the construction of a six-storey apartment
building — like huge, hollow boxes placed
one on top of the other. The interior of the
modules is so smooth that paint, can be
applied directly, reducing interior decoration
costs to a minimum Former regional
psychiatrist for the state of Alaska, J. Edward Olivier, BA'49, has been appointed to
the staff of the division of mental health at
Geisinger Medical Center, Danville,
Pennsylvania. His primary responsibilities
will be to work with outpatients, although he
will also be involved with in-house consultations.... Recently appointed president of Heal, Shaw, Walden, a public relations and
communications consulting firm, Frank C.
Walden, BA'49, will continue to be located in
the Vancouver offices where he has served
most recently as vice-president and manager....Although extremely busy in his position as head ofthe department of animal and
poultry science at the University of Saskatchewan, Charles M. Williams, BSA'49,
MSA'52, finds time to head the board of directors ofthe Saskatoon Symphony Orchestra. While he confesses to know very little
about music, he can often be found in the
symphony office digging into the facts and
figures that make the organization so successful. He maintains that music can be a
steadying factor in an increasingly unsteady
Robert E. Breadon, BSF'50, has been appointed to the position of research director in
the Vancouver office ofthe western division
of Forest Engineering Research Institute of
Canada. He will be in charge of coordinating
forest harvesting research programs....The
new chief executive officer at B.C. Telephone Co. is Gordon Frederick MacFarlane,
BASc'50. After service in the RCAF, he
joined B.C. Tel in 1950 and most recently
served as president and chief executive
officer of GTE Automatic Electric (Canada)
Ltd. in Brockville, an associated company....Guest speaker for the Commonwealth Day services held in Victoria's Centennial United Church was Reginald H. Roy,
BA'50, MA'51, (PhD, Washington). Roy, a
professor of military history and strategic
studies at the University of Victoria, spoke
on the subject "From Empire to the Commonwealth of Nations." His fifth book, a
biography of Maj.-Gen. George Pearkes, will
be published in June.
Modern  medicine  has  only  recently
explained why so many 'folk'  remedies
J. Ed.._. j _.ivier
worked over the past several thousand years
or so. Walter H. Lewis, BA'51, MA'54 and
Memory P.F. Elvin Lewis, BA'52, detail the
effects of herbs on the human body, and distinguish superstition from efficacy in their
new book Medical Botany: Plants Affecting
Man's  Health.   Both  are   presently  at
Washington   University Helen  Todd,
BPE'53, is a media specialist for Frostproof
High School in Florida....Raymond George
White, BASc'51, has been named executive
director of construction programs with the
B.C. highways ministry. Located in Victoria, he will be responsible for all highway
construction, paving and major day labor
throughout B.C.
A member ofthe York University faculty
since 1968, Jane Banfield Haynes, BA'54,
LLB'54 (MA, Toronto) is a recently appointed member of the Ontario Economic
Council....The Alberta-Northwest Chamber
of Mines, Oils and Resources has a new president, Dr. CM. (Murray) Trigg,
BASc'54....George H. Collin, BSA'55, now
chairs the Ontario farm product marketing
board. He has been a policy advisor to Alberta vegetable marketing boards and in 1973
was a member ofthe advisory committee on
the organization of OMAF....Brian Alison
Cooper, BCom'55, (MBA, McMaster), was
recently appointed general marketing manager for the pulp and paper group of Crown
Zellerbach. He joined the company in 1975 as
manager of Seaforth Plastics....Dalhousie
University's geology department played host
to Peter L. Gordy, BA'55, chief geologist
with Shell Canada Resources when he delivered part of a series of 12 lectures given
across Canada. Gordy, author of a number of
papers on Rocky Mountain geology, recently
became a director ofthe Canadian Society of
Petroleum Geologists.
Neil Sutherland, BA'55, MA'60, started
out to trace the paths of English street waifs
who were involuntarily emigrated to Canada
in the late 19th century in his new Children In
English-Canadian Society but ended up doing an in-depth study of conditions of child-
rearing in Canada in the early 20th century as
well. His conclusion was that very little has
changed in Canada from then until now despite periodic bubbles of public concern over
child welfare....Stewart B. Alsgard, BA'57,
was recently promoted to the rank of captain
in the Canadian Forces Naval reserve. He
starts a year's study in September at the National Defence College, Kingston, Ontario....Two new directors of Rogers Cable
Communications Limited are: Ian H.
Stewart, BA'57, LLB'60, a member of the
25 board of governors ofthe University of Victoria and Peter S. Hyndman, LLB'66, who is
involved in a wide variety of community activities, including presidency ofthe B.C. Social Credit party.
"I'm definitely turning my attention to fiction," says Vancouver poet and novelist,
George H. Bowering, BA'60, MA'63, who
was in Leamington, Ontario for the first stop
on a week-long Ontario tour of readings "to
make enough money to pay for my taxes
which come due at this time." Winner of the
Governor-General's Award for poetry in
1969, Bowering, a professor at Simon Fraser
University, is the author of more than a dozen poetry books, a novel and a book of
literary criticism on Al Purdy, the Ontario
poet.... Joseph Toth , BSF'60, a Sopron,
Hungary, graduate, is co-owner (with his
wife) of that familiar West Point Grey restaurant, the Little Budapest....With six
years in the business and no less than 14 of
her plays produced, Carol E. Bolt, BA'61, is
earning what she herself calls a lucrative living without leaving Canada. During March,
she visited the Dalhousie University theatre
department as the Playwright's Co-op representative. There she attended classes and
counselled students Former assistant
municipal planner for Saanich, Thomas Jen-
kinson, MA'61, is now executive director of
the regional district in Eugene, Oregon.... "A
very powerful, almost spiritual kind of experience," was the way that B.C. NDP MLA
Rosemary Brown, BSW'62, MSW'67, described a recent trip to Nigeria. It was her
first trip to Africa where the Jamaica-born
MLA attended a world conference on black
culture and arts in Lagos.
Since leaving the UBC Resources Council,
Elaine McAndrew, BHE'62, MBA'73, has
been with the ministry of consumer and corporate affairs in Victoria, first as an information programs consultant then an information
officer and now director of consumer information.... Douglas R. Piteau, BSc'62, (PhD,
Witwatersrand), is the 1976 award winner for
the best Canadian paper in applied rock
mechanics. Piteau is principal in a Vancouver consulting firm and is also a part-time
visiting associate professor at UBC.
Gordon C. Gibson, BASc'63, was recently
appointed general manager of Marne
Pipeline Construction of Canada.... Fluent in
French, Swedish, and German, and possessing a reading knowledge of Dutch and Italian, the new executive director ofthe Hamilton Multicultural Centre, Inga G. Morris,
BA'64, MA'65, (PhD, Munster, West Germany), is well suited for her position. On top
of all this, she well recalls the difficulties she
faced as- a newly arrived immigrant to
Canada from Denmark in 1951 when she paid
her bills from her paycheque as a car wash
Peter F. Morse, BSc'64, has been appointed to the position of consulting actuary
and senior professional in the Vancouver-
based firm of Paterson, Cook Limited....Harry Swain. BA'64, (MA, PhD. Minnesota), has been named director ofthe recently established renewable energy resources branch within the federal department of energy, mines and resources. The
new branch will conduct research into solar,
Helen Todd
wind and other renewable forms of energy....Harry Thompson, BSc'64, has been appointed production manager with the
Ontario-Minnesota Pulp and Paper Company
at Fort Frances, Ontario. He has been
superintendent of paper production with the
company since 1973, and before that he
worked in Powell River and St. John, N.B.
Ronald Raymond Walter, BA'64, operates
Hometown Publications (1970) Limited,
which publishes advertising newspapers in
42 small communities in Saskatchewan and
Manitoba....Regina is the location of "Old
Fashioned Furniture", the antique store
owned by Barry Arnold Crosby, BA'65. His
hobby is his lifestyle as he restores and recycles furniture and dreams of the day he can
do the same to farmhouses and other older
buildings in the area....Those newspaper
dispatches with a Peking dateline in many
Canadian and in some American newspapers
come from the typewriter of Ross H. Munro,
BA'65, the Toronto Globe and Mail's correspondent in China.
Formerly director of the Anti-Inflation
Board's consumer non-durables division,
Janet Smith, BCom'65 (PhD, Berkeley), has
been named director ofthe food and agriculture division ofthe prices and profits branch.
She will be responsible for the board's price
restraint program in the food industry, including food processing and distribution....Former director of the Edmonton Art
Gallery, William James G. Kirby, BA'66,
MA'73, is now curator of contemporary art
at the Winnipeg Art Gallery....Sending his
best regards to all alumni is Pastor William
(Bill) G. Styles, BSc'66, MSc'73. Formerly a
bacteriologist with the B.C. department of
agriculture, the pastor of First Baptist
Church in Flin Flon, Manitoba, was at
'home' in Carey Hall for a two-week seminar
for pastors in March....Bernie Fandrich,
BPE'68, MA'69, has guided over 1,500
people through water tours on his Kumsheen
Raft Adventures over the past few years.
Eighty faculty and students from the school
of architecture enjoyed a raft trip with him
last August and for the past three years, and
again this year classes from the Centre for
Continuing Education have rafted with Bernie.
The schools and communities of the East
Kootenay are benefitting from travelling
theatre this spring, thanks to Raymond T.
Logie, BEd'68. His 12-member troupe,
Kootenai, is presenting Shakespeare, music
and puppetry theatre Myron K. MacDonald, MD'68, practised medicine by
long-distance radio in early February from
Ruth Nichols
his sloop, Wings, in the South Pacific, o the
bedside of a 16-year-old boy on ! oard
Nomad 7,500 miles away in the 1 dian
Ocean. Distance didn't prejudice the outcome, however, as MacDonald, with the
radio aid of another Vancouver doctor on
board another boat, cured the boy of the
often-fatal dengue fever. Four days iater
MacDonald sailed into a South Seas hurricane....Currently a geophysicist with Mobil Oil, Canada, in Calgary, Ian R. Mayers,
BSc'68, has been elected secretary of the
Canadian Society of Exploration Geophysi-
Recently promoted to the position of assistant vice-president of McDonald's Restaurants of Canada is Patrick' E. Parker,
BCom'68, MBA'69. Previously, he was operations manager for the nation-wide chain of
restaurants....J. Ruth Nichols, BA'69, (MA,
McMaster), writes to tell us that she will be
receiving her PhD in religion from McMaster
during the spring convocation. An accomplished writer, she has published several
novels (the first at age 18) including Ceremony of Innocence... .The play's the thing for
David R. Robinson, BA'69. founder/
publisher of Talonbooks, the 10-year-old
Vancouver publishing house. With 36 Canadian plays in print, it is the country's leading
play publisher. Robinson sees an even greater future for Talonbooks as he plans to
expand into the international field.
"We are trying to create people who are
competent at learning," says Michael J.
Tarr, BEd'70, who is in charge ofthe biggest
school in the Prince Rupert district — Booth
Memorial Junior Secondary. In additior to
his duties as principal, Tarr coaches :he
Booth basketball and volleyball teanis-
....One of the many voices that has b en
raised in the complex Arctic pipeline disc is-
sion has been that of George N. CaSef,
PhD'71, a big-game biologist for the Nos h-
west Territories government. Calefs stuces
ofthe caribou herds and their migratory j it-
terns will become part ofthe still-raging controversy. The caribou's best hope for the u-
ture lies in its harsh habitat, says Calef. ;> it
is likely that agriculture will never be feas; le
in their stamping grounds.
"The key is involvement with peoph "
says Rev. William F. Lay, BA'71, who in i ;e
past few years has found himself in situatio is
not commonly associated with the Baprst ;t Teversham
S;ry. While studying at the Southern
>t Theological seminary in Louisville,
Kentucky, he paid his way through the
school with chaplain jobs at a treatment
centre for juvenile delinquents, a state menial hospital and by being the only white
minister in a black Baptist church in Louisville, Kentucky. Lay found himself odd man
out in all three situations, sometimes even
facing hostile groups. "It took a few months
in each case," he says, "but at the end, you
could tell that they were saying, 'we know we
can trust you.' "...Cameron L. Stewart,
BSc'71, (MSc, McGill) has recently received
his PhD in mathematics from Cambridge
University and now has a research appointment at the Mathematisch Centrum in
Amsterdam....Bound to create the raising of
few eyebrows is a new book, published by
The Fraser Institute, The Do's and Dont's of
Housing Policy: The Case of British Columbia, by Raymond Heung, MA'72, MSc'75 In
it, he calls for income supplements for a
selected 130,000 families and an end to rent
Not one to be tied down, Alien D. Wasnea,
BASc'72, MBA'75, has visited 65 countries
in the last five years. In 1975, he was an
exchange student in Poland. He has worked
many countries including Brazil, Australia, South Africa and Poland. His new destination is Alberta where he is considering
looking for work on the Athabasca Tar Sands
project....Janet Mary Teversham, MA'73,
and Art W. Klassen, BSF'76, are the coauthors of Exploring the UBC Endow ment
Lands, a book outlining the history, floi a and
fauna and trail guides for 1,700 acres of almost wild country in the heart of a 1.5 million
metropolis. The authors are currently in Iran
where Klassen is working on a forestry assignment.... Wendy Sinclair Kluge, BA 74,
MLS'76, has been appointed film librarian
for .he public relations department of B C
Hycro....Holly J. Hannigan, BHE'75, writes
tou.ll us that she has been'away' from home
eco:-omics for a while. She has spent two
surr-ners in the Yukon soil sampling for Cyprus \nvil Mining and a winter observing and
photographing whales off Maui, Hawaii
P ince George's ministry of agnculture
offii e has a soil specialist for the first time
Rolrirt Kline, BSA'75, will provide soil management advice to area ranchers and faim
ers .."There is an incredible dispanty,
say- Eileen Hendry, MA'76, when refeinng
tot;-e ratio of women to men in management
He; dry, who conducts courses on assertive
nes a.nd management skills at UBC aigues
tha. indifference and ignorance among senioi
Two weeks in exotic Japan and Hong Kong
Departing ¥ancou¥er/Seattle on Sep?. 24,1977
Come with us for a
relaxing, do-as-you-
please holiday in
the Orient. See
Mt. Fuji and
the glitter c.v
the Tokyo r
Ginza. Vis-
lush green
Hakonean-.:-  .-_
Nikko A
National    /  ■-,
Parks. See   '-^'
specta-      /,;
Kong Har- /
Shop for ;
tailor-     :
made    I
•,.. <•' .„■ <
'■   y ■-,
.> ~
clothes at bargain
prices. Find
tempting buys
in jade, pearls,
,    silk, electronics
^ and cameras.
if It all awaits you.
3?    Orient Adventure includes:
Direct chartered jet flights,
deluxe hotels,
-\merican break-
csts, dinners at a
selection of the
':nest restaurants,
plus a generous
70 pound
A great trip.
$1498 a
great value.
Send to:   UBC Alumni Association Cheques payable to: Manchester Bank/Orient
6251 Cecil Green Park Road Adventure Trust Account
Vancouver, B.C.   V6T1X8
Enclosed is my check for $.
as deposit.
. ($100 per person)
Home Address
A Non-Regimented HB*'
>® Deluxe Adventure
27 -   - i   ■= r      - .
■m.i T'..»v ,. ! :•!,.,..  .L:*   -■.>'-«", .."*","    v-
",'■    m.    . '   4- i |.-'"   ' n ■   . ti1.   -ii, j   i*.   -''"'rr   *>i i i
M.',>i   i ;'!" rj v   ■"•- *!•<" u
'"' -, i ^ ?s>t.* -"* .'•.. . v-   ,     ■. i-'i.'-i   :■ vi »...!> V'-\
■'   ...  >.  ^;i.'i   '''"   j •'! L'   ,'*.."■ . C'   .., ;,  v, ,:*.--,    *\»-..t'iV  i-V *
■> ^;
.'•-   /'-I''   -      *-'        JW*.
' 'no *\
!'l I
'c" » ', i , oi%   (,'"*■   i"{,v''     '•"    ' •''. :
.• I / • I   ,1
■>  j.yv.'i.''*    i.r.-* if i ;■-      r ":■'»'. 't c .'IN   -"i  ~i ""i   *l -     4,    '
>*m ,*<t<.  -a
Tomorrow's look today!
That's what yon get with (MEGER
^asy care sweaters of carefree courtelle
acrylic that come with short or long sleeves,
collars or round necklines, colourful stripes
or plain shades of poppy, jade, com & navy
or in plain white. Priced from 25.00
' Where quality is always in fashion'
Uptown at GranwilSe & 10th Avenue — 732-3394
Oakridge Shopping Centre — 261-3833
Marin® Drive at 18th in West Van. Village — §22-4320
executives are the main stumbling blc
women seeking to enter the mana;
level of Canadian corporations... .Hea-
graduating class in engineering in
Thomas W. McBride, BASc'76, •.
another award in. January of this ye:
Association of Professional Engin
B.C. gave him its gold medal — a
annually to the engineering top grai-
UBC. McBride is currently a medical
at UBC.
Mr. and Mrs. Wiliam G. Cutress, B/Sc'69f
(Evanne R. Johnsen, BEd'71), a daughter!
Erica Wynne, February 25, 1977 in Cdgary
Alberta....Mr. and Mrs. Stuart Williem Gil
roy, BCom'52, a daughter, Christa Beth
March 18, 1977 in Edmonton, Alberta. ...Mr
and Mrs. W.K. Timothy Kett, BCom'67,
daughter, Leanne Shana, February 9,1977
Vancouver....Mr. and Mrs. Gerald G. Mor
rison, BSc'69, DMD'72, (Susan Wilford
BA'71), a son, Timothy Wendell John
March 1, 1977 in Kelowna....Mr. and Mrs
Jon Robert Lloyd, BCom'71, (Sheil;
Thompson, BEd'70), a son, Timothy
Jonathon, December 10, 1976 in Surrey....Dr. and Mrs. Ian A. Paterson, PhD'73,
(Barbara Goudy, BSc'65), a daughter, Helen
Mary, February 6, 1977 in Vancouver....Mr.
and Mrs. Donald Raymomd Ried, BSc'71, a
daughter, Jennifer Anne, February 7, 1977 in
Richmond....Dr. aed Mrs. Dennis Rumley
PhD'75, (Hilary Rumley, MA'73), a son
Christopher Cameron, March 25, 1977 in
Perth, Australia....Mr. and Mrs. W.A. (Art)
Stevenson, BASc'66, a daughter, Dayna
Mary, April 8, 1977 in Vancouver....Mr,
Mrs. Thomas K. Viccars, LLB'72, (Susan
Devereux, BA'69), a daughter, Amanda
Kathleen, October 21, 1976 in Calgary,
Gwendolyn Amor Arnold, BEd'59 (MSc,
Indiana), February, 1977, in Richmond. In
addition to achieving honors in English and
music, she was active in the university community as secretary ofthe A.M.S. Council,
secretary ofthe Music Society, a member of
the debating team and Don of Ann West" rook
Hall. A recipient of several academk and
service awards, including membership 10 the
honorary sorority Delta Sigma Pi, sh. became a fully credited teacher of elemer-ary,
secondary and post-secondary teachi g in
both Canada and the U.S.A. She w; recently a music specialist with the Rich .ond
school board. Survived by her husi and,
Donald Arnold, BPE'62, three sons her
mother, a sister and 2 brothers.
Frederic D. Bolton, BA'34, BASc'36, M. <'ch,
1977, in Vancouver. Past president c the
UBC Alumni Association (1939-1940- he
was named B.C.'s "Mr. Tennis" in 197 for
his contribution to the game. He was   on- Sf(
yi g captain of Canada's Davis Cup team
en 1966 and 1972. In 1932 he quarterly d the UBC football team and in 1939
1 Japan as the manager of a Canadian
jusk- iball team. Survived by his wife, a sis-
(er, i daughter Joan Graeme Bolton Olynyk,
gA'. 7, and a son, Michael F. Bolton,
\|B/ '74.
stew -rt Dickson, BCom'48, (MBA, Toron-
i0), April, 1977, in San Raphael, California,
ge v ..is an insurance broker for Sun Life and
dad 'een involved for many years with the
UB( Alumni Association serving as president jf the northern California UBC alumni
bran -h. He was a past director of the
Cam dian-American Society of California
and ^resident of the University of Toronto
Alunmi Association, California branch. Survive-.! by his wife, Joanna Jean Johnston
Dickson, BHE'51, and four children.
Viril Z. Manning, CF' 16, December, 1976, in
Tsawwassen. He was a convocation founder
ofthe University of British Columbia and a
veteran ofthe First World War having served
with the 102nd Battalion. He was an active
member of various community associations
and served as a provincial school superintendent in the East Kootenay and on the
coast for 30 years. Survived by his wife,
three sons and a daughter.
M.P. Shirley Clement Murison, BA'17,
March, 1977, in Duncan. She was one ofthe
first female convocation members of UBC's
senate (1918-21), and was a member of the
1916 and 1917 UBC field hockey teams—a
picture of which is in the B.C. Sports Hal! of
Fame. Survived by her husband and daugh-
Howard G. Nicholson, BA'29, MA'31,
(MBA, Harvard), December, 1976, in Vancouver. After many years with Standard Oil
of California, he retired as senior vice-
president of Chevron Standard in Calgary
and returned to Vancouver in 1971. Survived
by his wife, Elaine Colledge Nicholson,
BA'30, and three sons.
Terrance R. Pelton, BPE'61, MPE'65,
EdD'70, October, 1976, in Abbotsford. He
was director of recreation at the Haney Institute until 1964. In 1972 he became assistant
director of admissions and coordinator of
student services for Douglas College. He
chaired the Maple Ridge School Board from
1971-73, and was a member of the Douglas
College Council, 1972-73. He served as
vice-principal of Abbotsford Secondary
School and in 1973 was named principal of
the W.J. Mouat Secondary School. Survived
by his wife and four children.
James W. Purdey, BASc'41, November,
1976, in Thunder Bay, Ontario. A chemical
engineer, he was with the B.C. Pulp and
Paper Co. in Port Alice from 1941-49 and
then moved to Abitibi Pulp and Paper Co. in
Thunder Bay. Survived by his wife and five
William C. Rimes, BSA'49, September, 1975,
in Beausejour, Manitoba. He worked in the
Veterans Land Act administration in
Beausejour and with the livestock department of the federal government before joining the Manitoba Agricultural Credit Corporation in 1959. Survived by his wife, Dorothy
Pearson Rmes, BHE'49
Myrtle A.E. Sillers, BA'18, March, 1977, in
Swift Current, Saskatchewan. She taught in
Swift Current until 1936 when she moved to
Vancouver and taught the first sight-saving
class for junior high school students in Kitsilano. She retired in 1960 and is survived by
a sister.
¥Ves!ey Chandler Thomson, BA'17, August,
1976, in Vancouver. He conducted his law
practice in Vancouver for over 50 years, until
his retirement in 1973. A staunch supporter
ofthe Conservative Party, he was president
ofthe P.C.'s Vancouver Centre riding association for 15 years. Survived by his wife, two
children, one brother and three sisters.
Walter D. Thumm, BA'44, BEd'54, (BSc, Sir
George Williams), March, 1977, in Germany.
He taught physics methods at Victoria College (later the University of Victoria) and
was a physics professor at BCIT, where he
taught courses for paramedics. Co-author of
three books on physics, he was a professor in
the physics department at Queen's University, Kingston, Ontario, and was on sabbatical
at the time of his death.
John F. Walker, BASc'22, (PhD, Princeton),
April, 1977, in Victoria. Former editor ofthe
Totem (1921-22), he was a. member of UBC's
senate from 1939-48 and the board of governors from 1942-46. In 1941 he organized the
B.C. War Metals Research Board, the
forerunner of the B.C. Research Council, of
which he was a member ofthe board of management from 1944-58. He was B.C.'s deputy
minister of mines from 1937-1958 and served
in a variety of capacities in numerous professional associations, including president of
the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. Survived by his daughter, Dorothy
Anne Walker Rutledge, BHE'53.D
Don't know
All of the above
on ihe campus 228-4741
A Postie's Lot
is Not
k Happy One ...
Specially, when he brings the
Alumni Records Department
bags of Afymni 'Unknowns'..
So if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style .. Jet us know —
and bring a little lightness
to a postie's walk, (enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful)
Alumni Records
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8
Name ......................................
(Maiden Name) • • • •	
(Indicate preferred title.Married women note husband's full name.)
Class Year■
29 Trees and Poet-Tree
Your Spring '77 issue carries a "Spotlight"
item on me which is kind and flattering —
qualities that earn my gratitude. However, in
the interests of accuracy, 1 must tell you that
the remarks attributed to me have their
source in a Michael Bennett column in the
Vancouver Daily Province, 5 November,
1976, which, though equally kind in intention, are total misquotations of remarks I
made during a public reading of my poems in
Vancouver. "Only God can make a tree.
Poems are made by fools like me" is a cliche
from Joyce Kilmer's "Trees" (v. Bartlett's
Familiar Quotations) with the lines reversed.
1 had quoted them, in the right order, only to
introduce some satiric lines of my own, called "Poet-Tree 2". in which I am asserting
that poets and people generally are even
more mysterious than trees. Whatever
Power made the tree, made you and me, and
Michael Bennett. The remark "I think God
copped out on poets" is his, not mine. If his
anthropomorphic God exists, he has probably copped out on the lot of us by now; but
our sun is still on the job.
Earle Birney, BA'26
Toronto, Ontario
Very Canadian humor
Just a note re: "The Good Doctor Is FarOut"
by Viveca Ohm (Chronicle, Spring '77). 1
thought ihe "Bundolo crew" would appreciate hearing that the famous perpetrators
of Britain's Goon Show have gone on record
as crediting none other than Stephen
Leacock as their principal source of inspiration. (I read it in the London Observer sometime during the past year.) So both straight-
men Bill Buck, who says the show is inspired
by the Goons and Dan Kowalchuk, who
maintains it's very Canadian, are right!
How's that for a happy ending?
Pat Westwood Barclay, BA'58
Thunder Bay, Ontario
For the record
We have read with great interest the excellent article describing our preschool and the
department of special education (Chronicle,
Winter '76). Viveca Ohm and Judy Osborne
are to be congratulated for their work on the
article and pictures.
There is, however, one very serious omission in the article to which I would draw your
attention. Nowhere in the article is there a
mention of our sponsoring agency, the
Vancouver-Richmond Association for the
Mentally Retarded. Since our ties with this
agency have been strong and close from the
time we became involved with the preschool
in the early sixties to the present, and because it is through this agency that we receive the grants from the Vancouver school
board and the provincial ministry of human
resources for more than half of our oper
budget, it would seem fair that there 1
acknowledgement ofthe large part they
in our continuing operation.
Wanda P. Justice. Dir-
UBC Preschool for Special Chi I
More words about a BA
I note that the bombast on the BAs ("A eu
Kind Words About a BA," Chron h
Spring'77) was by a writer of fiction. De >ht
Hamish Earle. B . 7]
Vanco -ver
Author, author...
The following letter arrived in the al; <nni
office last October, found its way to tha
editor's desk and has only recently surf vei
from among the rubble. It's not often tha: out
correspondents get fan letters. -Editor
Last winter the short days were bright! ned
immeasurably by reading the informative letter from your incredibly talented correspondent, Gloria Vogelmensch-Klein (Chronicle,
Winter '75, "Credit Where It's Due"). Her
wit and powder-dry humor were greatly appreciated.
We live some miles away from any town.
cannot be bothered with TV and so we are
utterly captivated when we come across such
a rewarding article as this.
Please let your readers know if she writes
to you again, about anything!
Margaret C. MacKay Trehearne, BSA'47
Princeton, B.C,
Hang-gliding can give you an interesting
perspective on things. For example, the aerial view of the museum on page 12. The
photographer is Blair Trenholme (right), with
his flying machine.
Blair Trenholme may go down in UBC history as the only student ever to have a lab
exam postponed because he had to go and
see about an Academy Award nomination.
As it turned out the names of Trenholme and
his fellow film-makers were not the ones in
the famous envelope and he was back in his
UBC engineering lab a day or so later.
The scenario opens five years ago with
Trenholme ski-bumming around Europe with
two friends, an American, Jeff Campbell and
Mike Firth from New Zealand. When he left
for home and first year science at UBC,
Trenholme thought that might be the last time
he would see his friends.
Out ofthe blue, two years later, a telegram
arrived from Firth offering air fare and expenses (but no salary, there was no money
for that) to make a ski movie in Mount Cook
National Park on New Zealand's South Island. "1 wasn't 100 per cent convinced that 1
wanted to go back to UBC the next fall anyway and I was wondering what I was going to
do. The telegram solved all my problems
right there, and created a few more." said
In July he was on his way to New Zealand,
stopping in Los Angeles to pick up Jeff
Campbell. "We flew down together. He told
me all about hang-gliding. I thought he was
nuts and I told him I'd watch. By the time we
got to Fiji he had me talked into trying it."
Hang-gliding, an esoteric sport developed
and propagated by missionaires from Southern California, permits one, by use of an
aluminum, steel and Dacron wing apparatus,
related distantly to a sail and with obliging
atmospheric conditions, to fly.
The conditions for learning to hang-glide in
New Zealand were good; still air, lots of
room and not a whole lot of things to run into.
"We went leaps and bounds," said
Trenholme, "too fast actually. We skipped a
few steps and almost paid for them the hard
way but we were lucky."
In something as complicated and expensive as feature film-making elaborate planning and a script are usually in order. It appears this was not the case in "Off the Edge."
Mike Firth, instigator, producer and director, whose previous experience was of the
home movie genre, "had about three pagesof
notes, sort of a game plan." There was to be a
lot of ad-libbing. The hang-gliding fits into
that category. "We started hang-gliding on
the side of making the movie and about
half-way through the winter we said this has
lots of potential, we should put this in the
There were camera , weather and film
problems but in the end over 40,000 feet of
film went to Los Angeles for editing. The Mm
won the gold medal at the Virgin Islands Film
Festival last year and was one of the five
nominees for this year's Academy Award ior
best documentary feature film.
And when might you see "Off the Edge' in
your neighborhood cinema? Soon they hope.
It seems that making a film is just part of he
exercise. Getting it distributed is almost
more difficult. Canadian distribution u-
rangements are nearly completed and with an
easily changed sound track they are look ng
longingly at the Japanese and European m ir-
Today, Blair Trenholme, having finis! :d
his exams in second year geological engine ~r-
ing and spent two weeks plotting his v. iy
around the campus in survey school, is off 'o
Calgary for a summer job with BPPetroleu i.
which should take him up and down the Rt :-
kies. And is he taking his hang-glider? "N >.
too much work."D


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