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UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1980

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Full Text

 AUTUMN 1980
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Priorities of the Media
Priorities of the Public
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Chronicle
Volume 34, Number 3 Autumn 1980
FEATURES
4   PRIORITIES OF THE MEDIA vs.
PRIORITIES OF THE PUBLIC
Fred Fletcher
8  TELEVISION IS NOT CHILD'S PLAY
Dona Sturmanis
10  THE UBYSSEY'S MEDIA MAFIA
Product of "The Vilest Rag You Can Imagine"
Clive Cocking
18 UBC JOURNALISM:
More Than a Possibility
Susan Jamieson-MeLarnon
19 BURPY AND HIS IVY-COVERED
LINOTYPE
Ron Riter
DEPARTMENTS
21   NEWS
26   SPOTLIGHT
30   CHRONICLE CLASSIFIED
Editor's Note This issue looks at the media from a UBC viewpoint: the changing impact of the media on Canadian life;
whatever happened to the graduates of the Ubyssey? — the
best student newspaper west of Blanca — and possibly anywhere; the life and times of a weekly newspaper owner/
publisher/editor, and a campus research project measuring
the effects of television on children. The deeds of our media —
printed and electronic — seem to be more often damned than
praised. The Chronicle would be pleased to hear your views.
EDITOR Susan Jamieson-McLarnon, BA'65
PRODUCTION EDITOR  Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
COVER Peter Lynde
Editorial Committee
Nancy Woo, BA'69, Chair; Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67;
Alison Beaumont; Marcia Boyd, MA'75; Peter Jones; Murray
McMillan; Bel Nemetz, BA'35; Nick Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66;
David Richardson, BCom'71; Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Art
Stevenson, BASc'66; El Jean Wilson.
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media: Vancouver (604) 688-6819
Toronto (416) 781-6661
By special arrangement this issue of the Chronicle carries as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
university administration's campus publication. The
UBC information office has responsibility for the editorial content and production of UBC Reports.
ISSN 0041-4999
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered. BUSINESS AND
EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8. (604)-228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni
Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Subscriptions are available at $5 a
year; student subscriptions $1 a year ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address
with old address label if available, to UBC Aiumni Records, 6251 Cecil Green Park
Road. Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1X8.
Return Requested.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 4311
Member. Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
Indexed in Canadian Education Index
A Meaningful Gift.
Your gift to UBC means a great deal. For
example, these students received alumni
funded scholarships and bursaries....
"This bursary means a great deal to me. As a single
parent with four children, I found it difficult to
obtain a part-time job. My income and financial
circumstances were at rock-bottom. I will do my
utmost to maintain your belief in my abilities."
Susan, Social Work 3
"My Gage Bursary helped a great deal with my
education. It's nice to know somebody cares!"
Moya, Arts 2
"It's a great honor to be a recipient of a Nonttan
MacKenzie Alumni Scholarship. I hope that I can
live up to the expectatlttfts that such an award
carries."
Charles, Science 1
UBC
Akmnni Fund Priorities of the Media
vs.
Priorities of the "If a man were permitted to make all the ballads, he need not care who
should make the laws of a nation/'
-Andrew Fletcher, 1704
Today, it is the mass media that makes
the ballads. They present the
minstrels, gossips, preachers,
teachers, and salesmen to massive audiences. Television permits more people
than ever before to have access to the same
event or artistic experience simultaneously.
It is the capacity of the mass media —
newspapers, magazines, radio, film, television — to reach such large audiences
and to select which ideas and images will
be communicated to the population at
large which gives them such potential
power.
In large part, the media form our
psychic environment, especially with respect to matters beyond our direct personal experience. We spend many hours
each week with radio as background
sound, with newspapers for information,
and with television for entertainment.
Television viewing, for example, takes up
more of the average Canadian's time than
anything but work and sleep.
In the process of selling entertainment,
information and commercial products,
the media also sell a view of the world.
While informing and entertaining us, "the
media...define what is normal and respectable in a society, what is debatable
and what is beyond discussion by decent,
responsible citizens," as Anthony Westell
put it in The New Society. By choosing
among the vast array of news items, drama
scripts, and so on, key media personnel
play an important role in determining the
beliefs and perspectives that are communicated to the citizenry.
The importance of this gatekeeping
function derives in large part from the fact
that the decisions are not random. The
gatekeepers tend to share certain assumptions about what constitutes acceptable
media content. Some ideas and images
have a better chance of gaining access to
the large media audiences than others.
The gatekeepers tend to share certain
professional assumptions about what will
attract audiences and what each medium
requires. While television stresses visual
dynamism and radio brevity, all the major
media tend to prefer the immediate, the
personal and the concrete to long-term
processes or abstract ideas. Media consumers are conditioned to accept these
standards as well.
In Canada, the key decisions regarding
news, entertainment and advertising tend
to be made in Toronto, Montreal and Ottawa by middle class anglo-celtic men and
to reflect the fashions current in those
centres, despite the existence of identifiable UBC, Manitoba and Maritimes
"mafias" (plus a large but declining contingent of British imports).
In trying to attract audiences to sell to
advertisers (or, in the case of the CBC, to
convince parliament of its worth), the
media incidentally help to shape the values of society. They provide role models,
images of reality, subjects for conversation, things to worry about and information for the general population. In addi
tion, specific programs speak to particular
audiences. For example, teenagers use
radio to tap into a distinctive subculture,
in which rock music promotes values antithetical to the mainstream, such as drug
use and a generally hedonistic attitude to
life.
In general, however, the media tend to
reinforce the dominant institutional and
cultural patterns of authority. By setting
the limits to public debate, for example,
they tend to exclude most arguments
which challenge the status quo, whether
from the left or from the right. Even as
mild a challenge as that mounted by the
New Democratic Party is too much for
many editors. Only four times in Canadian history has a major daily newspaper
endorsed the NDP.
The media cling to the "extreme middle" of the political and social spectrum
not so much because their owners and
managers are tied in with the country's
power structure (though such ties have
been well-documented) but because their
profits depend upon attracting mass audiences and mass values tend to be middle of
the road.
While communications theorists generally agree that the media are a major influence in modern society, researchers seeking to chart this influence have run into
what has come to be called "the obstinate
audience." Audiences, researchers found,
select what they will take from the media
according to their already established interests and values and often misun-
ChronkleA.utumn 1980  5 "People use ihe media to serve their own needs. They are
not passive consumers, easily 'brainwashed\.. ?
derstand messages which contradict their
strongly held views. People use the media
to serve their own needs. They are not
passive consumers, easily "brainwashed"
to buy a new product or accept a new idea.
Conspiracy theories, which attributed
vast malevolent influence to the media
through subliminal advertising, systematic slanting of the news or whatever, have
tended to evaporate under scrutiny, to be
replaced by theories which recognize the
subtleties of media influence. Although it
has proved difficult to measure the exact
dimensions of influence, it is not credible
that the media could effectively sell products through advertising and yet have
little influence on public attitudes in general, as they have frequently claimed
when under investigation.
On a longer term basis, historians have
been able to trace the influence of new
technologies — from the printing press to
television — on the ways in which
societies organize themselves. Political
scientists believe that the media play an
important role communicating social and
political values, images of authority,
awareness of domestic political issues and
a sense of shared identity and common
future. Research shows that even those
who pay little attention to the media tend
to share in the values and priorities they
present, partly because they influence the
general environment and partly because
they reflect it.
In general, the media are more effective
at transmitting information and setting
the agenda for public discussion than at
changing attitudes, at least in the short
run. Despite a relative lack of success in
telling us what to think the media are
highly successful in telling us what to
think about, as Bernard Cohen remarked
in The Press and Foreign Policy. Commercials may be more effective in making us
conscious of bad breath than at selling us a
particular mouthwash.
Several studies have shown that the
priorities of the media become over time
the priorities of the public. Issues, persons and events featured in the media acquire public legitimacy. My own research
suggests that shifts in the importance attributed by the public to issues such as
inflation and unemployment as measured
by the Gallup Poll tend to follow shifts in
media emphasis (as measured by front
page headlines in major daily newspapers).
It should be noted, however, that much
of what we learn from the media comes
from non-news content. There is a great
deal of incidental learning when we watch
a television program. We absorb, often
without being conscious of it, norms
about appropriate dress, the proper relationships between the sexes, dealing with
authority, and so on. A recent study found
that Canadian television commercials use
white actors almost exclusively, suggesting that to be a real Canadian one must be
white.
At a deeper level, a case can be made
that the media influence the way we think
as well as what we think about. It is not
excessively McLuhanesque to suggest
that the techniques used by television to
attract and hold attention — rapid pace,
stress on action rather than words, quick
changes of scene and perspective, dramatic flashbacks — tend to be antithetical to
sequential logic and thoughtful consideration of issues. These techniques are increasingly used in presenting news and
public affairs programs as well as drama.
There is, in fact, a growing tendency to
present problems as caused not by social
situations but rather by identifiable villains and to suggest that they can be solved
by siding with the good guys.
The obsession of the media with
novelty is also significant. Media recognition and repetition rapidly legitimizes new
ideas. In fact, the media, especially television, use up new ideas very quickly, so
that last year's radical challenge to the
social order becomes this year's commercial pitch and next year's outdated notion.
New ideas are assimilated, domesticated
and discarded before they can have more
than superficial impact. It seems probable
that the media create a taste for the new
and fashionable which helps to erode traditional values.
Similarly, the tendency of the news
media to present events episodically,
without much background and in
simplified form, almost certainly reduces
awareness of the connectedness of events
and of their historical antecedents. Crises
emerge as random incidents rather than
long-term developments and thus tend to
appear more shocking than they are.
In dealing with politics, for example,
the media focus on leaders, exaggerating
their importance, and on crises, rather
than on the long gestation process of new
policies. The broadcast media tend to
favor politicians who are able to provide
effective 60-second clips rather than those
more skilled at thoughtful presentation of
policy proposals.
In Canada, however, the major problem has not been so much what the media
6  Chronicle/Autumn 1980 "American images crowd out Canadian images and reduce
our capacity to communicate among ourselves/'
do to us as what they have failed to do for
us. On the whole, despite the best efforts
of the CBC, they have failed to develop an
attractive popular culture (or to present
what is available) which could compete
effectively with the flood of images from
the great image factory to the south. Although the Canadian content regulations
have had considerable success in promoting an indigenous recording industry and
coverage of news and sports, we retain the
dubious distinction of having the only national television network in the industrialized world (CTV) which does not
produce a single dramatic series.
We are inundated with the values of
American commercial television.
English-speaking Canadian children
spend more than 80 percent of their television time watching U.S. programs. As
CBC president Al Johnson told the CRTC
in 1978: "The plain truth is that most of
our kids know more about the Alamo than
they know about Batoche or Chrysler's
Farm. They know more about Davey
Crockett than they do about Louis Riel.
They talk about 'taking the fifth' rather
than about Canada's Bill of Rights."
American images crowd out Canadian images and reduce our capacity to communicate among ourselves.
The problem is that, even when we
watch television primarily for relaxation,
a lot of incidental learning goes on. A
recent study found, for example, that
Canadian students who rely on television
for information are more likely to have
inaccurate perceptions of the Canadian
judicial system than those with other
sources of information. A substantial
proportion of Canadians believes that
American practices apply here. Such misunderstandings not only reduce the capacity of Canadians to cope with their own
system but also to evaluate proposals for
reform.
Many communication theorists believe
that popular culture as communicated by
the mass media provides the common images necessary to hold a society together.
The American occupation of the Canadian
imagination is thus a serious threat.
The power of the mass media, deriving
as it does from the capacity to decide what
will be presented to mass audiences, may
be short-lived, however. New
technologies are in the offing which promise to usher in an era of audience liberation.
Government regulations permitting,
Canadians will have access not only to
video cassette recorders (now in some
50,000 homes) but also to pre-recorded
programs, superstations transmitted by
satellite over thousands of miles, and
hundreds, if not thousands, of channels.
The latter will permit not only conventional pay-television, but also central
program banks from which any previous
program can be ordered, highly
specialized commercial and non-profit
programming and even private networks
over which a few individuals interact
using two-way channels. The television
set will provide capacity for both work
and play.
The likelihood is that the concept of the
mass audience served by networks will
disappear. The networks will dissolve into
hundreds of components offering a wide
range of services.
In social terms, the new technologies
will promote both diversity, permitting
better service for minority tastes, and
privatization, as people are able to create
their own individualized media worlds
and withdraw from wider contacts. This
may mean that local communities will regain their importance as wider perspectives are lost. Maintaining a pan-Canadian
presence in this new mix will be a difficult
challenge.
Obviously, the full implications of
these new media technolgies are far from
clear. Nevertheless, if we are what we see,
hear and read, as well as what we eat, the
new era of choice should provide increasing diversity of life-styles and value systems, a complete reversal of the
homogenizing tendencies of the present
system.
In any case, it seems clear that we need
to know as much as we can about what the
media do to us and about the implications
of new options. Despite the presence of
seminal communication theorists like
Harold Innis and Marshall McLuhan,
Canada has been slow to develop large-
scale studies of mass communication.
Perhaps the Canadian Communication
Association, which held its founding
meeting in Montreal last May, will change
that and new research will emerge to tell
us what to beware of. □
Fred Fletcher, BA'63, (PhD, Duke) is associate professor and director of the graduate
program in political science at York University. A former editor of the Ubyssey ('60-
'61), he is author of numerous articles and
papers on the mass media and politics. He
notes that this is his first contribution to the
Chronicle since 1963.
Chronicle/Autumn 1980 1 Television is Not Child's Play
Dona Sturmanis
Everyone laughed at Chance, the gardener in Being There, quite oblivious
to the deep message that author
Kozinski was attempting to convey
through his character. Successful in life
because of his television-imitating behavior (though not as aggressive as studies
say he should be), Chance seems lovable,
gentle, funny and wise. He is really a passive moron, according to anti-tube
Kozinski, and an example of what television could turn us into — a society of
useless idiots.
The effects of the daily three to four
hours spent in front of the tube by the
average North American is not a new concern. Over the past decade, George Gerb-
ner and his associates at the Annenberg
School of Communications in the U.S.
have published annual violence profiles
showing that television content has a definite effect on viewers' perception of reality. When questioned, viewers and the
industry will reply that they know television to be a harmless form of entertainment portraying fiction. But viewers,
especially the heavy ones, are not com
pletely aware just how much they actually
perceive television as being close to real
life. Gerbner found, for example, that
adults who spent a lot of time glued to
their sets had exaggerated views of how
rampant crime was in their streets. An
overwhelming percentage of what they
were watching were cop shows.
Concern — personal and professional
— was growing about the effects of television on children and adults, when in 1973
a clinical psychologist, Mary Morrison,
spotted a magazine article about a B.C.
village that was soon to receive television
for the first time. Recognizing this unique
opportunity she alerted UBC
psychologist, Dr. Tannis McBeth Williams, BA'62.
"I knew there was some important
material here," says Williams, "and here
was a chance to answer some of those
chicken-and-egg questions, for example,
the relationship between traits like aggression and TV. We know that there is a
relationship between viewing violence on
TV and the aggressive behavior of the
viewer. Does this occur because people
with certain traits watch certain types of
programs or does watching television
produce certain types of people? I realized
this was a very unusual opportunity to do
some research."
This town was not otherwise unusual.
It was not physically isolated, didn't have
a "special" population, was accessible by
most forms of transportation, and
everyone had seen TV, though they didn't
watch it on a regular basis.
The town's school principal, who had
been mentioned in the article, was phoned
to find out if there was any point in proceeding with the research plans. Much to
William's surprise, he said that no other
researchers had contacted the community
after the article appeared, and urged her
to proceed.
Williams then spoke to Peter Suedfeld
(head ofthe UBC psychology department)
about the unique situation of this town
without television and the rich opportunity it presented for research. It was the
first time that the before-and-after effects
of TV on a "regular" North American
population could be accurately monitored. With Suedfeld's encouragement,
Williams then sent memos around to
other members of the department who
might be interested. Proposals for studies
were put together in such a way that
everyone could work on what he or she
wanted to. Williams directed the project.
"Then there was this matter of funding," she recalls. "That was the end of
July, and the Canada Council was meeting
in September. It usually takes several
months for an application to be processed.
But the Council staff worked hard and our
application was reviewed in time."
Originally, it was thought that the
transmitter would be put up in this village
within the year, but Williams learned that
CBC was planning to install it in time for
the November Grey Cup. This would
8 Chronicle/Autumn 1980 really put a rush on collecting the pre-
television data. She contacted CBC, wondering if they could delay installing it.
"'Lady, you can blow it up if you want,'
they said. 'But we're going ahead,'" recalls Williams.
So in less than a month, the research
group collected their pre-television data in
this community, now given the
pseudonym Not el. For comparison, they
picked two other communities which also
had populations of about 700, similar average incomes and means of employment.
At that time, one village — called Unitel
by the researchers, received the CBC; the
other, Multitel, received CBC and three
U.S. networks, ABC, CBS and NBC.
When the CBC came to Notel, Unitel was
to get better reception and a second CBC
channel.
Letters describing the research plans
were written to parents of the children in
all the elementary and secondary schools
in the three communities to obtain permission for the children to participate in
the research project. Many other efforts
were made to let everyone know exactiy
what was happening. "The more contact
we had with the people, the more positive
they became," says Williams. "We really
bent over backwards to be accommodating."
The research took place in two phases
— in the fall of 1973 and then in the fall of
1975, two years after Notel had received
television for the first time. And the results? Six separate studies, based on these
unique observations of North American
children before and after television.
"All of the studies were interesting in
different ways," says Williams. Lesley A.
Joy, MA'78, Meredith M. Kimball, and
Merle L. Zabrack studied the link between television exposure and children's
aggressive behavior. Predictably, the kids
from Notel became significantly more aggressive in both verbal and physical ways
after receiving television; two years later
they had higher aggression levels than
children their own age in other towns.
Williams points out that although CBC
has less aggressive content than the U.S.
networks, one station was still enough to
cause those changes.
The impact of television on reading
skills was assessed by Raymond S. Cor-
teen. His results indicated that TV has a
detrimental effect on the acquisition of
reading skills in the early grades.
Williams collaborated on two studies.
The first, done with Linda F. Harrison,
MA'75, PhD'77, examined children's
cognitive development (verbal ability,
spatial ability and creativity with verbal
and written materials.)
"Though the general hypothesis would
indicate that vocabulary would increase
with exposure to television, we found absolutely no relationship," she says. "The
same findings applied to spatial ability."
They also concluded that there is no relationship between television and children's
creativity with visual material, but there
was a negative effect on verbal creativity.
Her second study was done with Gordon C. Handford, and looked at what the
introduction of TV does to participation
in community activities. Before the residents of Notel had television, they were
more involved in their own community
activities than the residents of the other
towns were in theirs. Two years later,
there was a definite decrease in participation in Notel, especially among the elderly.
Several conclusions had already been
established in other research concerning
television and sex role attitudes — that
men outnumber women in regular programming; that both men and women are
presented in traditional sex roles; that
children's behavior is related to their viewing of these situations on television.
Meredith M. Kimball found that the sex
role perception of the children of Notel
became more stereotyped after the introduction of television.
The final study by Peter Suedfeld,
Darylynn Rank, BA'74, MA'76, Dennis
Rank, BASc'70, MA'77, Brian Little and
Elizabeth Ballard, dealt with the effect of
TV on problem-solving, motivation and
perception of the environment by adults.
One of their findings was that before television came to Notel, adults did better on
problem-solving tasks than those who had
TV. And those who couldn't solve the
problems persevered longer than those in
the other two towns.
"We're hoping to go back and do
further studies in '81-82, providing the
funding comes through," says Williams.
Currently she and her colleagues are
working on a book about the now-famous
tri-town study, and hope to find a publisher by the fall.
Predictably, Dr. Williams is very concerned about the effects that unrestricted
television viewing can have on children.
"Of course it has negative effects. There
seems to me to be no reason for a child to
watch more than an hour a day. I don't
believe in censorship for adults, but yes,
definitely for children."
She suggests restricting how much,
what, and when they view. "They
shouldn't watch just before going to bed.
There's some evidence that children have
nightmares stemming from TV programs," she says. "Watch television with
the children. Don't use it as a babysitter.
Talk about what's going on." A parent
should discuss the values presented on the
screen, the content of the program, the
difference between television and real life,
and the deceiving ways of ads.
What might be implied is that the public has little or no control over actual television programming, only control of the
dial — if the mesmerizing effect of the
tube doesn't weaken watchers too much to
change it or turn it off. Williams thinks we
should write to the television stations,
networks and advertisers to tell them what
we think of their programs. Although, on
the whole, she feels most people have just
given up fighting television and have become more accepting of its simulated reality.
But then again, there does exist a small
but firm group of people who solve the
problem by just refusing to buy television
sets altogether. □
Dona Sturmanis, BFA'76, MFA'79, is a
Vancouver freelance writer.
Chronicle/Autumn 1980 9 The Ubyssey's
Media Mafia
Product of
The Vilest Rag
You Can Imagine1
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10 Chronicle/Autumn 1980
|1«°- Clive Cocking
(The author calls the following, Research
Notes for a Full-Frontal Expose' of The
Ubyssey: Warts and All. The Chronicle
calls it something else. We apologize for the
chaotic nature of the text, which belatedly
drifted ashore here stuffed into a long bobbing
string of palm wine bottles. The author
claims to have set them adrift from Pango-
Pango where he's "pursuing further relevant
research and trying lo teach a hairy puce blorg
how to type." We think he's lying to cover up
for his indolence. But where did he get all
that palm wine in Ladner?-Ed.)
My hands are clean: I never wrote for
The Ubyssey.
I have nothing to hide. The real
story can now be told. Not the obvious
one.
We all know that The Ubyssey is a vile,
squalid, smutty, sacreligious, cynical,
pinko, weirdy-beardy, drug-oriented,
filthy, controversial, newsy, entertaining
rag, that possibly has serious effects on the
impressionable minds of the young. And
probably it's Canada's best student newspaper. It's been like this for 62 years despite the efforts of countless defenders of
innocence, virtue and right-thinking. God
knows, they've tried often enough to
purge, censor, control or clean it up.
They were at it again this spring. Campus politicians, responsible persons all,
out to squelch The Ubyssey. The effort this
time was for the Alma Mater Society to
gain control through a new media board
which would appoint the editor.
"Every year there's a new editor and
staff turnover but they never seem to be
better, " complained AMS finance director Len Clarke, fuming at the past year's
paper. "Campus news wasn't being written. The whole paper editorialized."
Editor Verne McDonald rose to the defence: "To change the editor of The Ubyssey from a democratically-elected official
to an appointed one is regressive and potentially dangerous to the interests of the
students, the AMS and the university."
Pubster won: freedom to scandalize was
preserved.
But that's not the real story. The real
story concerns how many — possibly
hundreds — of individuals responsible for
putting out this "vile rag" over the years
have not only been able to secure
employment in professional journalism,
but also to have endured and prospered. It
is the story of the Ubyssey Connection.
Nothing is more revealing about the
insidious links between The Ubyssey and
the Canadian news media than the manner
in which Allan Fotheringham was first
hired by the Vancouver Sun. It was the
spring of 1954, his graduating year, and
his final act as Ubyssey editor was to put
out an issue satirizing the downtown
dailies. Fotheringham wrote a column in
it viciously mimicking the Sun sports
editor's column. Forthwith he was
threatened with a libel suit by the sports
editor and received a legalistic letter from
the publisher which seemed to threaten
the same, except for the postscript which
said: "Considering the viciousness of the
individual involved, we would like to
know if you would like a salaried position
at the Vancouver Sun."
Say no more. Nudge, nudge. Say no
mo-ore.
Fotheringham was hired. He has since
gone on to attract many more libel actions
(luckily rarely losing) as a Sun columnist
and to achieve a lofty prominence in
Canadian journalism. (Somewhere 30,000
feet above Moose Jaw as an itinerant political columnist for Southam News Service
and Maclean's.) More important, he has
become one of the kingpins in the Ubyssey
Connection whose tentacles have spread
not only throughout the Canadian news
media, but also world-wide. (See accompanying story.)
Pierre Berton, Ubyssey senior editor in
1940-41 and now a one-man journalistic
and book publishing industry, is the undisputed Godfather. But many other
former Pubsters have gone on to positions
of varied power and influence ... Stuart
Keate, the former publisher, and the late
Bill Gait, former managing editor, were a
powerful duo at the Vancouver Sun
through much of the Sixties and Seventies
... the late Jack Wasserman was one ofthe
Sun's great columnists ... assistant managing editor Alex MacGillivray and city
editor Vaughan Palmer are two biggies
among many Ubyssey alumni currently at
the Sun ... humorist Eric Nicol provides
one of the few bright spots to The Province
... Andrew Snaddon was publisher of the
Edmonton Journal ... as assistant news director Keith Bradbury is one of the main
men behind BCTV's New Hour ... ex-
Pubsters have penetrated many levels of
the CBC: Don Ferguson is assistant national director of TV news and current
affairs, Ron Haggart is executive producer of Fifth Estate, Joe Schlesinger is a
top TV news correspondent, to name a
few ... Helen Donnelly Hutchison is host
of CTV's WS ... Editor-publisher of
Canadian Business is Alexander "Sandy"
Ross ... the veteran Val Sears, former
New Leftie Danny Stoffman and Olivia
Ward are staff writers at the Toronto Star,
while the erudite William Littler is music
critic ... and Peter Worthington is the
tough editor-in-chief of the cheeky To-
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Himie Koshevoy, Thirties
Mamie Maloney Boggs, Twenties
Norman De Poe, Thirties
Chronicle/Autumn 1980   11 ronto Sun, a driving influence behind the
emerging tabloidization of many Canadian newspapers....
The list goes on and on. It includes
reporters, editors, editorial writers, critics, broadcasters, even freelance writers.
No one knows the total number. But no
other single campus newspaper in Canada
has likely produced such a large number
of practising journalists. They're a key
segment of this nation's information-
disseminators, taste-makers and
opinion-moulders. Undoubtedly a
nervous-making revelation to many
people familiar with The Ubyssey.
But the fact must be faced. The implications are awesome. The big question is:
what impact has the Ubyssey Connection
had on Canadian journalism? Or, put
another way, how much is The Ubyssey to
blame for the current state of our news
media?
"Should it have been strangled at birth
(abortion is generally ineffective against
true monsters)? Drenched in Lysol and
blue ointment every day and tolerated? Or
hailed as a venerable, important, campus
institution?"
These remain the basic metaphysical
questions about The Ubyssey. They were
posed a couple of years ago by
provincial court judge Les Bewley, noted
for his humor column, "The Children's
Hour," in the postwar Ubyssey, who confessed he didn't have a definitive answer.
There was much evidence to support each
judgment. The jury is still out.
The problem is that at birth it did not
seem like a monster. The first Ubicee (as it
was then called) was a genteel monthly
literary magazine which began publication in 1916, the only news it printed
being letters from ex-students fighting in
Europe. Two years later this journal
transformed itself into a weekly student
newspaper and on October 17, 1918 the
first issue of The Ubyssey appeared, some
12  ChronicleMurumn 1980
Greek scholar contributing the name, a
corruption from Homer's The Odyssey.
But throughout many of the early years
The Ubyssey was a quiet, well-mannered,
light-hearted tabloid. There was extensive
coverage in the Twenties of sports, debates and social events, with editorials and
essays occasionally on weighty issues like
women's rights and Bolshevism. The
"Muck-A-Muck" section of jokes and
stories was racy enough to have The Ubyssey banned from Vancouver high schools
in 1921.
The first major incident of friction between The Ubyssey and the university administration occurred in 1931 and then, as
editor-in-chief Ronald Grantham was
later to admit, it resulted from misunderstanding rather than rebellion. The
problem arose after The Ubyssey had
editorialized against provincial government plans to slash the university budget
and President Leonard S. Klinck ordered
the paper to "cease fire" because it was
embarrassing him in delicate negotiations
with the cabinet. The Ubyssey officially
fell silent, but no restrictions were placed
on columnists and letters-to-the-editor
which continued to attack Victoria. This
led to Grantham — who later became
editor of an Ottawa paper — being suspended by the university for two weeks
and ultimately being forced to resign by
student council when he refused to
apologize. The Pubsters threatened resignation en masse, then carried on under
Himie Koshevoy (whose column on the
often-absent president, "The Missing
Klinck" revealed his fondness for puns
even then) to press for Grantham's vindication.
Now retired, Himie Koshevoy, who
went on to work for both city dailies and
the old News-Herald before becoming
managing editor of the Toronto Star and
finally columnist with The Province, recalls that The Ubyssey was just becoming a
newspaper in those days. "The reporting
then wasn't any great hell. The paper was
still in the formative stages of changing
from essay writing to reporting." He credits editors Maurice Desbrisay (1928-29)
and Rod Pilkington (1929-30)'with being
the great influences on this trend, bringing out to Point Grey skills learned working for the downtown dailies. And while
the paper had no qualms then about taking potshots at student council, it was still
unthinkable to criticize the university
administration, let alone engage in confrontation. "We were a pretty submissive
lot."
It was in the Forties that The Ubyssey's
identity as a newspaper (rather than a
literary or critical journal) was securely
set. One of the prime influences was
Pierre Berton whose whole life even then
was focussed on becoming a newspaperman. He made his first breakthrough in a
manner that has since become a characteristic of The Ubyssey, by writing a hoax:
"Masked men attack theologs." As a
senior editor in 1940-41 and part-time reporter at The Sun, he continued the adoption of more professional methods. By the
postwar period, when the university enrolment had vastly increased with the influx of veterans, the aesthetes and literati
had been soundly beaten off and the paper
was being run by determined newspapermen, notably Don Ferguson,
editor-in-chief, 1947-48, Ron Haggart,
editor-in-chief, 1948-49 and Val Sears,
managing editor, 1948-49.
"We took the view that UBC constituted a small town then and we should
report what was happening like any other
small town paper," recalled Ferguson,
who went on to become assistant general
manager of Reuters and editor-in-chief of
Visnews in London before returning to
Canada and joining the CBC three years
ago. "The vets were interested in what
was going on."
"While a lot of the articles were humorous and meant to be satire, we thought of
ourselves as an important institution,"
said Ron Haggart, who, prior to joining
CBC, was a popular columnist with the
old Toronto Telegram, after working with
The Sun, Globe and Mail and Toronto Star.
"Information had suddenly become a very
important commodity because with the
rapidly expanding university the older
personal forms of communication were
not available."
It was during Haggart's tenure as editor
that the one major conflict of the Forties
with the university administration occurred. At the Engineer's Ball a handsome
young professor put his arm around the
waist of a buxom, Sophie Tucker-like
singer and did a soft shoe routine, which
was caught on film by the Ubyssey photographer, an engineer. Next day, the dean
of applied science, who was acting president, ordered Haggart not to run the picture, declaring that it was "offensive."
These were not yet the days of defiance
and the edict was complied with — sort of. "We ran a blank space with a cutline
and a note inside the blank space saying
that the picture was withdrawn on the
order of the acting president," said Haggart. "The picture was immediately
picked up and run in The Sun, three times
the size, in the next day's issue."
But if anything, the Forties are best
remembered as one of the highpoints in
Ubyssey humor. Signed on by Berton,
Eric Nicol left them laughing throughout
most of the decade, first as an undergraduate humorist and then after the war
as a graduate student in French. He
started by contributing to the long-
running, anonymous "Chang Suey"
series, a takeoff on the then-popular
"Charlie Chan" serial. "It was totally racist, chauvinist and obscene," says Nicol,
"but innocent merriment at that time."
Then, hiding behind the pseudonym
Jabez (a Hebrew word meaning, "he will
give pain"), he began making fun of
everyone high and low on campus in a
column called, "The Mummery." Looking back on his writing career, which really began after he quit the Sorbonne in
1950 to contribute to a Bernard Braden
situation comedy on BBC, returning a
year later to open his long-running stand
as a Province columnist, author and
playwright, Nicol views that Ubyssey column as what fixed his identity as a
humorist.
"I would sit in the UBC library pretending to read, but actually watching students read my column," he says. "That's
how I got my jollies. It was a form of
exhibitionism which was both reasonably
legal and which I found rewarding — and
it's remained that way to me."
Patrick Keatley, now our man in London with The Guardian, contributed a
column oddly-named, "Eating Fruit
Salad," and Les Bewley pitched in with
"The Children's Hour," to keep the good
times rolling. It was the judge in
fact who raised the money and had a
plaque made and installed in Brock Hall
in memory of Jabez. "It was a gag," says
Nicol. "It managed to foster the idea that I
had died in 1948. Bewley has been something of a wag ever since."
The Fifties are supposed to be a lost
decade. At least from the perspective of
these terribly enlightened, progressive,
politically-committed times. Certainly
Joe College lived on Point Grey then and
all his now-stereotyped antics were enthusiastically covered in The Ubyssey.
There was much about homecoming
parades, Mardi Gras, football, fraternities
and photo spreads on "frosh" queens.
And of course the usual pool dunkings,
traditional to arts-loving Ubyssey's constant put-downs of engineers. But all this
is not the whole story.
It was during the supposedly somnolent
Fifties that The Ubyssey acquired much of
its reputation for hell-raising. In between
the fun, the campus tabloid had a memorable set-to with the board of governors
and the normally mild-mannered Presi
dent Norman Mackenzie, went toe-to-toe
with the AMS, began the long-running
war with the Socreds and provoked a
mighty roar of righteous indignation on
and off-campus for an "offensive, blasphemous and sacrilegious" Easter edition.
The decade was only half over when the
good Reverend E.C. Pappert of Assumption College in Windsor, Ontario, labelled
The Ubyssey as "the vilest rag you can
imagine," a condemnation the unrepentant Pubsters have come to love and
cherish.
UBC information officer Jim Banham,
editor-in-chief in 1949-50, who became
part of the Ubyssey London connection
with Reuters and the London Express before returning to his alma mater, remembers it all as "some of the best years of my
life." Not just because of the usual hi-
jinks (like how he miffed the engineers
when, after being kidnapped, he didn't
crucify them in print, only got even later
by kidnapping the EUS president), but
for the opportunity to get an intense apprenticeship in newspaper work.
"I think for the fledgling journalist to
learn how a newspaper is written and produced, there was no finer training than
The Ubyssey," said Banham. "You not
only got to write the stuff, but you got
experience writing heads and working in
the print shop until three o'clock in the
morning, setting type, cutting column
rules — getting the paper out."
It was also great training apparently in
discovering what being a crusading editor
can mean. This at least was undoubtedly
what Les Armour learned during his controversial stint as editor-in-chief in 1951-
52. Armour was not only a tough critic of
the student government, but equally hard
on the university administration. In a relentless editorial campaign against a possible fee increase, he didn't mince words
in attacking the administration for a lack
of openness on the issue, provoking the
board of governors to condemn The Ubyssey for "irresponsible writing." All of this
was clearly part of the motivation behind
the student council's demand for his resignation in December, 1951. "A majority
of students on this campus do not agree
with Armour's point of view," said one
councillor. "They are, in fact, fed up with
him. They want him out."
To the Pubsters it was a classic freedom
of the press issue. And in response, the
entire staff (which included Allan Fotheringham, Alex MacGillivray, Joe
Schlesinger and Doug Heal, now a Vancouver public relations man) threatened
to resign. The matter was resolved at a
special AMS meeting with a special vote of
confidence for the editor.
A loss to journalism, Armour went on
to become a professor of philosophy,
being succeeded the following year as
editor-in-chief by Joe Schlesinger. In
1953-54 Allan Fotheringham held sway in
the Pubsters' Brock Hall grotto. It was
(continued, page IS)
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Pierre Berton, Forties
Pat Carney, Fifties
Joe Schlesinger, Fifties
Chronicle/Autumn 1980   13 The Pubsters
of Yesteryear
The police radio crackled out
something about a bank robbery
in progress. The city editor
quickly scanned the newsroom with a
harried, malevolent look. All his top
reporters were busy, furiously writing
to deadline. But one young reporter,
dark hair dishevelled, tie undone,
cigarette clamped in his mouth, looked
up eagerly. Norm "Scoop" Betts was
ready.
"Betts! Get on it!"
Grabbing pencils and copy paper,
Betts rushed over to the coatrack,
flung on a snappy new trenchcoat and
tore out the door.
To me, the cubbiest of cub reporters
in his first week at the Vancouver Sun,
this was impressive. Here was the real
newspaper business, tough, frantic,
exciting — just like in the movies.
Still, I wondered about that new
trenchcoat: it was a warm May day.
There was more to wonder about.
Five minutes or so later I left the newsroom to cover a Kiwanis luncheon and
there on the landing in the old Beatty
Street tower was "Scoop" still waiting
for one of the lethargic, cantankerous
elevators. A quick run down five short
flights of stairs and he would have been
on his way, but it was not to be. Our
intrepid, trenchcoated reporter waited
and waited.
That's what the Ubyssey experience
did to some people—turned them into
characters right out of The Front Page.
Norm "Scoop" Betts. Well, in fairness, he was always more adept at
creating the image of a reporter than
actually being one: news photography
was his thing. If that's what his special
talent is really called.
Former Pubsters will tell you that
when Betts was photo editor in 1964-
65 he had an uncanny ability to inveigle luscious coeds down to The
Ubyssey darkroom and get them to take
off their blouses to be photographed.
Where is he now? He's exploiting the
same talent for the Toronto Sun, producing the tabloid's distinctive "Sunshine Girls" photos, only nowadays
he's getting the girls to peel to their
bikinis....
Ah, yes, where are the Pubsters of
yesteryear?
Believe it or not, many of them took
up respectable careers. Law has always
held a particular attraction, but, funnily enough, none have yet become experts in libel law. The ranks of Ubyssey
alumni do, however, include two chief
justices of the B.C. Supreme Court,
the late Sherwood Lett and Nathan
Nemetz, the former UBC chancellor.
J.V. Clyne, an early sports editor, had
a distinguished career on the bench
before presiding over MacMillan
Bloedel and becoming the current
UBC chancellor. Provincial court
judge Nick Mussallem is a Ubyssey
graduate, while lawyer Don Jabour, in
and out of trouble with the B.C. Bar
Association for advertising, is an old
boy from the Fifties. Stanley Beck is
now dean of law at Osgoode Hall.
Richard Blair, managing editor in the
Sixties, practises law in Kamloops.
Lorraine Shore, city editor, went via
The Sun newsroom to membership in
the B.C. Bar.
Twenties business managers Roger
Odium and Ralph Brown went on to
form the investment firm, Odium,
Brown and T.B. Read. One-time
military editor CP. Leckie later
headed his own commercial fishing
company. Former B.C. Hydro co-
chairman Hugh Keenleyside is
another early staffer. Mamie Maloney
Boggs followed up her Ubyssey editing
experience with a columnist's career at
The Sun.
Others took up not-quite-so-
respectable careers. John "Chick"
Turner, a Forties sports editor, tried
politics, eventually becoming federal
justice minister. Ray Perrault, the
one-time B.C. Liberal leader, is now
government leader in the senate. A
Pubster in the Fifties, Pat Carney
began well enough — she was a top
business columnist with the Vancouver
Sun — but she's now Conservative MP
for Vancouver-Centre.
All is not lost: the cultural world has
at least benefitted from the Ubyssey
Connection. Earle Birney, who also
had a distinguished teaching career at
UBC, has become the dean of Canadian poets. A critic in the early Forties,
author of a column called "Pearl Castings," Lister Sinclair went on to make
an impressive contribution to CBC arts
programming, eventually becoming a
vice-president. A trio of occasional
contributors in the late Forties is:
Norman Campbell, Canada's top director of TV dance; internationally-
recognized film and TV director Daryl
Duke, now president of Vancouver's
CKVU-TV; and screenwriter Norman
Klenman, vice-president of Duke's
company.
Many other former Pubsters have
hunkered down in academia. Most
notable is retired classics head Malcolm McGregor, a sports editor from
the early Thirties who throughout his
UBC career consistently, wittily and
futilely tried to get The Ubyssey to rec
ognize the error of its ways. Emeritus
UBC education professor Sadie Boyles
is a former staffer, as is associate arts
dean Peter Remnant and ex-education
deputy minister Walter Hardwick,
president of B.C.'s new KNOW television network and UBC geography professor. Recognized as one of the best
editors of the Fifties, Pat Marchak is
now UBC associate professor of sociology. Associate political science professor Paul Tennant is a Ubyssey toiler
from that era, as is theatre department
head John Brockington.
But of course it's in the news media
where the Ubyssey Connection has its
strongest — and most far-flung —
links. One of the more famous and
colorful Ubyssey products of the mid-
Thirties was the late Norman DePoe,
who was a great broadcast journalist,
first on CBC radio, later becoming
CBC-TV's first full-time Ottawa correspondent. Percy Saltzman, from the
same era, started out in meteorology
and ended up as Canada's top TV
weather man, latterly hosting CTV's
Canada A.M. Colleague Norman
Hacking was long-time marine editor
with The Province.
The Forties saw the Vancouver Sun
connection strengthened under Hal
Straight, recognized as one of the
paper's great managing editors.
Former Ubyssey editor Lionel Salt is
wire editor at The Sun. A former Sun
Ottawa reporter Stanley Burke went
on to become a CBC-TV news correspondent and ultimately CBC-TV national news reader; he's now publisher
of the Nanaimo Times. John Wardroper is a sub-editor at the London
Sunday Times and author of several
books on British poetry and political
satire. A former Ubyssey senior editor,
Donald Stainsby, after a varied career
in newspaper journalism and public relations in Canada and the United
Kingdom, has settled down as editor of
B.C. Outdoors. One-time editor-in-
chief Mardee Dundas Gait is director
of publicity for UBC's Centre for Continuing Education. David Levy spent
12 years as CBC correspondent in
Moscow. Today he writes and teaches
journalism in North Vancouver. Jack
Ferry was for many years owner and
publisher of The Kerrisdale Courier.
Among Fifties people, Jeremy
Brown went on to become a columnist
with the Toronto Star and is now co-
owner of Toronto Calendar magazine.
Hal Tennant, a former Maclean's staff
writer, has established himself as one
of Canada's best freelance magazine
writers. One-time critics page editor
Barrie Hale now freelances for Toronto
Life magazine. A decade-end Pubster,
Ross Munro became the Globe and
Mail's man in Peking and was last
14 Chronicle//! utumn 1980 heard to be ensconced in Hong Kong,
writing a book and working for Time.
Peter Sypnowich is executive editor of
Today.
CBC radio's man in London these
days is Robert Macdonald, a Ubyssey
product from the early Sixties. Hilary
Brown is CBS' lady in London. A
former photo editor and Page Friday
editor, Fred Cawsey is doing CHQM's
"Business Report" and serving as cultural affairs reporter for CBC-TV in
Vancouver. Joy Bradbury is completing her journalism diploma at Vancouver City College after reporting
stints with CKVU's Vancouver Skow
and The Courier, where Sallye Delbridge Fotheringham is a columnist.
Paul Knox is now reporting for the
Globe and Mail. Peter Ladner is working for a weekly in Cowichan, Vancouver Island, former Ubyssey editor
Lesley Kreuger is a story editor with
CBC radio's As It Happens in Toronto,
and Stuart Gray is writing for The Province.
Among the Seventies products, a
sizeable Ubyssey Hong Kong link is
being developed. Former editor Gary
Coull is working there with the Far
Eastern Economic Review, Jake Van
Der Kamp is with the South China
Morning Post and Berton Woodward
and Marcus Gee are also writing from
there. Otherwise, Page Friday writer
Geoff Hancock is editing Canadian
Fiction Magazine and freelancing in
Toronto. Sue Vohanka is also in the
national media headquarters freelancing and serving as contributing editor
to This Magazine. Leslie Plommer is a
copy editor with The Times in London.
Meanwhile, among those still down
home, Ralph Maurer is editing the
B.C. Teachers' Federation Newsleiter,
Jan O'Brien is a reporter with The Province, Susan Gransby is Sun copy and
layout editor for the editorial pages,
Mike Sasges is a Sun business writer
and former editor Mike Bocking is
doing general reporting with The Sun.
There is also a not exactly diminutive band of people who, while at UBC,
have had little or no involvement with
The Ubyssey and yet (miracle of miracles!) have found success in journalism. One of these is Dennis Mcintosh, CTV's correspondent in China,
another is Eve Savory, CBC-TV's national correspondent based in Regina.
Paul Wright is now a CBC-TV producer in Toronto. John Kalbfleisch, a
former associate editor of Weekend
magazine, is now deputy editorial page
editor at the Montreal Gazette, whose
publisher is former Province Victoria
bureau chief and publisher Bob
McConnell.
All in all, it's not an unimpressive
list.
under his editorship that the paper (in
between flinging verbal barbs at the engineers) began an attack on the racial discrimination policies ofthe fraternities. It
was also a great time for hoaxes, not all of
them originating with The Ubyssey.
"I will never forget the great toilet seat
caper," recalls Helen Hutchison, a Ubyssey critic and women's editor in that
period. "Somehow one day the engineers
managed to remove every toilet seat on
campus, even the one in the president's
private can. Then at set intervals they
would reappear, festooned on trees and on
poles around campus, and then just as
magically they would disappear. After a
week they miraculously reappeared. I remember the story I wrote was headed, 'A
Cold Week for the Seat of Learning.' It's
the silly things you remember most...."
Now-familiar political themes made
their appearance under Sandy Ross'
editorship in 1956-57, as the paper regularly savaged the W.A.C. Bennett Socred
government for education cutbacks. But
the Ross regime is remembered as much
for comedy. He and Rod Smith, now a
California neurosurgeon, wrote a bizarre
humor column, "My Dog Has Fleas"
("Real Animal House stuff — I'd be embarrassed to see it now," says Ross),
which occasionally had untoward effects.
One, which accused the engineers of
being "limp-wristed faggots," provoked
the redshirts to trash the Ubyssey office,
resulting in a three-day running
engineers-Pubsters riot.
But the climacteric of The Ubyssey's
middle period came in 1959, with what is
now referred to as The Great Purge. The
annual year-end goon edition that spring
carried a number of items that provoked a
great outcry. But it wasn't just the story
ridiculing Eleanor Roosevelt ("A Dear
Rich Little Old Lady in Blue"), who had
just spoken on campus, or the back-page
about a rugby game featuring a picture of
a jock strap with the headline, "Be a UBC
Athletic Supporter," it was the lampoon
of the observance of Easter that made
things hit the fan. The paper ran three
pictures: one showed three cheerleaders
around a totem pole with the cutline,
"Look at those nail holes in His hands";
the second showed an excavation beside
the library with the cudine, "The tomb is
empty!"; and the third featured a girl
walking barefoot away from some chickens, with a cutline, "What have you done
with Him?"
Radio hodiner Jack Webster called for
heads to roll, Bridge River- Lillooet News
editor Ma Murray called The Ubyssey a
"filthy rag" that should be closed down or
cleaned up — there was immediate outrage both on and off campus. Editor-in-
chief Al Forrest, who ironically had nothing to do with the goon issue, shouldered the responsibility. The upshot was
that the faculty council, the campus disciplinary body, suspended Forrest and
senior editor Rupert Buchanan from the
university for one day. They and three
other senior staff members were also removed from the publications board. The
Ubyssey was purged.
"I was shocked and embarrassed when I
saw it," recalls Forrest, now business and
finance editor at the Victoria Times. "It
was a group of people on staff who would
have been called 'beatniks' then who did
it. In retrospect, I think this was the first
stirring of student activism ofthe Sixties."
After The Great Purge and some later
defections, it fell to Fred Fletcher, now a
York University political scientist, to
begin rebuilding The Ubyssey as editor-
in-chief in 1960-61, while still only a
third-year student. He personally recruited Keith Bradbury, Tim Padmore,
now Sun science writer and Roger
McAfee, who later became a lawyer.
Denis Stanley, now editor-publisher of
the Arrow Lake News, Michael Valpy,
now Sun Ottawa columnist and David Ab-
lett, former editor of The Sun's editorial
page and currently secretary to the privy
council in Ottawa, joined the paper later.
"In my year the paper wasn't particularly good," said Fletcher. "It was full of
mistakes, spelling errors and terrible
headlines. But the following year, under
McAfee, The Ubyssey won the Southam
Trophy (for best student newspaper in
Canada) for the first of seven years in a
row. I've always felt that my recruiting
had something to do with that string."
That may be. "Father Fred," as
Pubsters called him, had a large hand in
the paper for several years, returning as
news editor in 1961-62 and associate
editor in 1962-63. Another factor, of
course, was that the long-standing informal ties with the Vancouver Sun were
much strengthened during this period.
Bill Rayner, now Sun news editor, began
making weekly jaunts to the Ubyssey office to give advice on how to improve the
paper and to engage in talent-spotting.
Mike Grenby, Sun personal finance columnist and Hall Leiren, former Sun Victoria bureau chief and now Premier Bill
Bennett's information officer, were a
couple of the talents spotted on what had
clearly become the Point Grey farm team.
It unquestionably became a better
paper in the early Sixties. Investigative
reporting began to make its appearance
under editor Keith Bradbury in 1962-63,
as The Ubyssey exposed RCMP surveillance of student political activities. It was
a more critical paper too. It strongly supported President John B. Macdonald's
pleas for greater financial support from
the tight-fisted Social Credit government,
stimulating the massive Back Mac campaign which saw 3,500 students march
downtown in protest in the spring of 1963.
But it was still a paper with a sense of
humor. There were the usual spoofs, such
as the series about the kilted campus
flasher ("Kilted Attacker Prances After
Coed"), or the one about the thriving
brothel in Acadia Camp. But nothing
compared to the stunt pulled in the spring
of 1964 which, under editor Mike Hunter,
ChronicleMu'rumn 1980   15 now a Vancouver lawyer, saw The Ubyssey
in unusual collusion with the engineers.
Immediately after the spring arts festival,
a new, strange-looking series of cement
sculptures suddenly appeared on campus
and, surveying reactions, The Ubyssey elicited favorable comments from campus
art-lovers. Several days later The Ubyssey
caught engineers (protesting that "they're
bloody awful and no one should have to
put up with them") smashing the
sculptures with sledgehammers. The
paper followed this story up with other
quoting outraged art-lovers calling the
engineers "philistines" and demanding
Fuzzy-rot menaces blorgs
PANGO-PANGO (UNS)—It was learned from usually reliable
sources today that the opalescent puce blorg is in danger of
extinction from creeping green fuzzy-rot.
A source close to the trouble claimed other infestations already at work eradicating this colony of OPB will have their job
done for them.
Erradicus Crabbus, leader ofthe infestors, said the creeping
green fuzzy-rot was part of a plot conceived by the cashmere
blorgs in an attempt to gain control of this country.
disciplinary action. Then The Ubyssey abruptly punctured the arts crowd's pomposity by exposing that the statues had
been slapped together in some engineer's
basement and the whole thing was a fraud.
It was a light-hearted and tough-
minded period. "We tried to adhere to
what we believed were the professional
standards of daily newspapers — of hard
news, hard questions, hard editing and
bright, sprighdy makeup," said Ron Ri-
ter, then a Ubyssey news editor, now Sun
assistant news editor. "We abhorred the
raw-raw, artsy-fartsy stuff that was in
most college papers of the time. We were
trying to put out a campus version of a
metropolitan daily."
Somewhere, later in the Sixties, that
love affair with mainstream journalism
ended. The downtown dailies became
" establishment press,"as The Ubyssey became radicalized. It's not clear exactly
when this happened, but it's not surprising that it did. The Ubyssey has always, in
one way or another, reflected the environment ofthe times. And the late Sixties
and early Seventies was the Age of Protest
— against the war in Vietnam, capitalism,
racism, pollution, lack of democracy in
university government — when the young
began to challenge almost all aspects of the
status quo. UBC was not immune and The
Ubyssey increasingly reflected the growing mood of the radical-left protest.
The orientation was changing in 1965
under the editorship of Tom Wayman,
16 Chronicle//, utumn 1980
now the workingman's poet. The Ubyssey
and university came increasingly to be at
loggerheads, the paper campaigning for
universal university accessibility and
hammering away at President John B.
Macdonald's elitist attitude. The president attacked the paper for printing "distortions and outright lies."
The trend toward a more analytical,
opinionated Ubyssey continued the following year under editor John Kelsey. It became increasingly more outward-looking
also, editorializing against the Vietnam
war and corporate power, while continuing to press for democratization of the
university. Some ofthe toughest agitation
in this line came during this period from
radical campus movers and shakers such
as Gabor Mate, Stan Persky and Carey
Linde.
In the fall of 1967, The Ubyssey hit the
news again as the source of scandal with
editor-in-chief Danny Stoffman conducting a campaign against censorship. When
Vancouver mayor Tom Campbell forced
Playboy to be removed from local newsstands because the issue contained explicit
(for that time) photographs of a sex scene,
The Ubyssey promptly obtained the
magazine and ran the pictures.
It was also during this period that The
Ubyssey won the Southam Trophy for excellence for the seventh and last time. At
the annual Canadian University Press
convention in December, 1967, delegates
agreed to stop granting the award on the
grounds that objective standards for judging newspapers were unrealizable and that
competition was incompatible with the
objective of more cooperation among
member newspapers. The resolution had
been moved by Stoffman himself as part
of the trend to eliminate elitism.
When Al Birnie assumed the mantle of
"coordinating editor" in 1968, the
radicalization (and presumably democratization) of The Ubyssey was complete.
Birnie, a member ofthe militant Students
for a Democratic Society and avowed
Maoist, made the paper into a political
tool to assail society and stir up unrest on
campus. The tone was set in September,
1968 when The Ubyssey ran an editorial
entitled, "Burn, Baby, Burn," equating
students with ghetto Negroes and warning that unless the administration made
radical reforms the university would go up
in smoke. And when a month later American student activist Jerry Rubin led a
crowd of students on a "spontaneous" occupation of the UBC Faculty Club, The
Ubyssey editorialized that the sit-in (in fact
organized by the SDS the night previous)
would produce "good effects" in the campaign to democratize the university.
The polemics were only part of it. Then
there were the four-letter words, the pictures of male nudes, the regular tips on
drug busts and the lack of humor. All of
which led to student council forcing the
paper to cut back to two issues a week by
(continued, page 17) UBC reports
Published as a supplement to the UBC Alumni Chronicle by Information Services, University of B.C., 6328 Memorial Road, Vancouver,
B.C.V6T IW5. No. 13, Autumn, 1980. Jim Banham, editor.
UBC and
provincial
resources
This issue of UBC Reports contains the first of a series of articles on the University of British
Columbia and its links with the
resource industries of the province. The focus in this issue is
on forestry, the province's biggest industry and the cornerstone of our economic well-
being. The articles which begin
on page 3 of this issue describe
some of the research and thinking by UBC faculty members
which affect the current and
future problems of the forest industry. As usual, we were faced
with an embarrasment of riches
in deciding which research to
describe. We hope you find our
choices interesting and informative. Future editions of UBC
Reports will contain material on
the fishing and mining industries Also in this issue, the
quest for the elusive popcorn fish
(page 14), a report on the
breakthrough in federal
research financing (page 15) and
a campus news roundup (page
16). OFFICIAL ELECTION NOTICE	
Notice is hereby given that the election of the Chancellor and of
ELEVEN members of the Senate to be elected by the members of
Corivocation of The University of British Columbia will be held on
Friday, February 6, 1981.
Candidates eligible to stand for election to the Senate are members of
Convocation who are not members of the Faculties of the University.
The term of office is three years.
Nomination procedures:
1. All nominations of candidates for the office of Chancellor must
be supported by the identifiable signatures of SEVEN persons
entitled to vote in the election of the Chancellor and carry the
signature of the nominee indicating willingness to run for election.
2. All nominations of candidates for membership in the Senate
must be supported by the identifiable signatures of THREE persons entitled to vote in the election of the Senate.
Nominations for these offices must be in the hands of the Registrar
no later than 4:00 p.m. on Friday, November 7, 1980.
In accordance with the Universities Act an election register has been   x
prepared of the names and known addresses of all members of the
Convocation who are entitled to vote at an election and the register is
open to inspection at all reasonable hours by all members entitled to
vote.
K.G. Young,
Registrar,
The University of British Columbia,
204 - 2075 Wesbrook Mall,
VANCOUVER, B.C., Canada,
V6T 1Z2.
Those currently holding office for 1978-81 are listed below.
Chancellor
The Honourable J.V. Clyne, C.C., K.G.St.J., B.A.
Senate (listed in alphabetical order)
William Henry Birmingham, B.A., B.Arch. James F. McWilliams, B.S.F., M.A., Dip.For. (Oxon.)
Mary F. Bishop, B.A., M.A. Michael M. Ryan, B.Com.
William Gerald Burch, B.A.Sc, R.P.F. Gordon A. Thorn, B.Com., M.B.A., M.Ed.
Patricia Macrae Fulton, B.A., Dipl. Soc. Work J°an Cecilia Wallace, B.A.
William Mawhinney Keenlyside, B.A., A.M., Ph.D. Charlotte L.V. Warren, B.Com.
Elaine McAndrew, B.H.E., M.B.A.
2/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980 The end is in sight for the supply of old-growth, high-quality timber that was here
when the first Europeans set foot on Canada's west coast.
B.C.'s forest industry faces
near-crisis situation
By Jim Banham
It's no exaggeration to say that the
economic health of British Columbia
rests on the shoulders of its forest industry.
As the province's biggest industry it
directly or indirectly provides employment for some 265,000 people who are
annually paid about $1.8 billion in
wages and salaries, contributes more
than a billion dollars each year in taxes
and other charges to federal, provincial
and municipal revenues and is a cornerstone of our foreign trade with more
than 48 per cent of Canada's foreign ex
change from forestry coming from shipments originating in B.C.
Any economist will tell you that if you
have a renewable resource of that
magnitude a great deal of effort should
go into ensuring that it will continue to
be productive through planning and
management. A continuing investment
is required to improve technology and
ensure a steady flow of trained professionals who will provide manpower and
advice to governments and industry.
Continued on page four
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/3 It is only recently, however, that
Pritish Columbians have suddenly
r".ilized that the province's forest
re ource is finite and that we will
!" in real trouble over the next
< ■ "tury unless we take immediate
• ps to invest in everything from
basic and applied research
through expanded educational
facilities to new incentives for
restocking logged-off forest land.
There are signs that B.C. is
moving   to   redress  some   of  the
■ hortcomings of the past. The province has a new forest act largely
'. ased on the 1976 royal commis-
■ on report of UBC resource
' r onomist Prof. Peter Pearse, the
'i.C. Forest Service has clearly set
f'ut the problems to be tackled in
'■t'veral forest analysis reports, expenditures by the provincial
s. overnment on forest management will increase by 34 per cent
by 1984-85, and there is recognition by government that what
Kiust be accomplished will largely
depend on the ability of educational institutions to provide a
t ool of trained manpower.
There is no simple answer to the
question of how B.C. came to find
i: self in a near-crisis in its most im -
portant industry. But UBC experts confirm that to a large extent we're the victims of a
psychology of abundance which
has had a domino effect stretching
from the top levels of government
down through the industry and into the forestry education system.
The chain reaction begins,
quite literally, in the way in which
we look at our forests. Our eyes
tell us that B.C.'s 95 million hectares of land is largely covered
with trees. (Actually, only one-
half of that total is classified as
productive forest land.)
We've operated on the assumption that the province possessed a
superabundance of easily accessible timber. When the fallers cut
clown the trees for hauling to the
nearest mill, there was little point
in worrying overly about reforestation because the stands of timber
covered ridge after ridge as far as
the eye could see.
Prof. Pearse agrees that B.C.'s
timber surplus has resulted in a
situation where there were few incentives for ensuring future supplies through intensive silviculture, the branch of forestry
lhat deals with maintaining and
enhancing the forest resource by
growing trees.
"It can safely be said," he adds,
"that up to now silviculture in this
province has consisted of a fairly
impressive program of fire control
4/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980
and a modest effort at reforestation. But reforestation has been
inadequate; the province has had
an increasing backlog of nonproductive, unregenerated land,
which becomes more difficult to
rehabilitate as each year passes
because it gels overgrown with
brush and weed trees that are ex
pensive to remove."
We have now reached a point,
Prof. Pearse says, where we must
make a choice — "either we phase
down our forest industry, which
would be traumatic for the
economy of B.C., or we get serious
about rebuilding our natural
resource base. And that will require a massive investment."
The end is in
sight for the
stockpile of old-
growth timber
Much of the basis for rebuilding
the forest resource base rests on
B.C.'s new forest act, which largely incorporates the recommendations made in Prof. Pearse's 1976
royal commission report on
forestry, whi< b had broad terms of
reference impinging on the industry as well as allied areas such
as wildlife management, conservation, fisheries and recreation.
The new act, which superceded
legislation first passed in 1912,
deals with themes not even conceived of in the early part of this
century, when B.C. first began to
exploit the forest resource.
One of these is the idea of
multiple use, or the reconciliation
of harvesting forests with concerns
for wildlife, fisheries and recreation. Another is regulation of the
harvest rate, or how much timber
should be cut each year. A third
theme is that of forest management and enhancement, or the
responsibility of licensees to
regenerate and protect the forest
as well as log it.
The new act provides incentives
to encourage the forest industry to
enter the field of reforestation, an
activity previously reserved for the
provincial government alone.
Companies can now establish their
own nui series to grow .>. • <l'■' ^
and are permitted to write oft
reforestation expenses against the
charges they owe government for
cutting timber on Crown land
Anoiher result of the . -.
a^ aiectss al.'j i f < ,.:•' . ■ e»
has been a beefing up ' t if"- B C
Forest Ser> ne, which h_i i-.s > \ a
hefty two volume iechii A n j.wrl
describing and analyzing B.C.'s
forest resources and markets and
addressing a number of fundamental questions about timber
supply.
UBC forestry faculty irc.ir.lc is
provided considerable assistance
to the forest service in developing
CARP, an acronym for Computer Agisted Resoun „ Pla.uiing,
forerunner to the forecasting
system whiih has enabled the service to analyse the forest lesoaite
and lay out an initial five year
plan ot action.
. What the forest ^ei.i.e icpj.ts
tell us is that the end is in sight for
the stockpile of high-quality, < Id
growth timber, mm h of which
was here when the first Luiopeans
set foot un Canada's west coast.
When this timber is gone
and the rate of disappearance uill
vary widely in different parts of
the province the industry v.ill
be hit with the so called fall
•down effect," the end result of
which will be that the timber supply will be about two thirds of the
present harvest if forest management programs are continued at
past levels.
There are oilier fa; to.s that v-ill
contribute to the fall do vn. Ihe
forest land base, for instatue, is
shrinking because of the demands
made on it by such things as
wildlife conservation, fisheries,
recreation and agriculture. And
the new growth trees that rt-place
the old growth timber will be ctit
earlier in their life cycle before
they reach the size of old growth
timber. So the volume logged pei
hectare will be much less.
The forest service reports seem
to indicate, but don't specifically
state, that no matter what we do
the timber harvest rate in the
future will be less than the present
harvest rate.
The reports emphasize, how
ever, and UBC- forestry experts
agree, that a great deal can be
done through intensive forest
management, increased t.ce pro
tection and improved wood
utilization to minimize the fall-
down effect and ensure a viable
forest industry in B.C.
Continued on page six Resource economist joins Forestry
I'P'l's noted resource economist
Prof. Peter Pearse now holds a
joint appointment in the Department of Economics and the Faculty of Forestry on letuining to full-
time teaching and tesearch in
September after a vear s leave of
abreme v\>th the United Nations.
Prof. Pearse, who is perhaps
best known as the sole royal commissioner on forest resources for
B.C. in 1975-76, which iesulted in
a new forest act for the province,
joins the UBC forestry faculty to
develop further teaching and
research in the area of forest
policy and management. He has
Photo by Jim Ranham
lop L'BC resource economist Prof. Peter Pearse, who now holds a joint
appointment in the Faculty of Forestry and the Department of
Economics, was honored earlier this year by the Association of B.C.
Professional Foresters. He received the Distinguished Forester Award
for hi.s iiany contributions to professional policy-making, including his
v. _ . ... ( ' >mmissioner ou Forest Resources, which served as the basis for
,k. ., j_ u,c    ...1 i.;tf.'iy legislation.
been a member of the economics
department in the Faculty of Arts
since 1962.
In recent years, Prof. Pearse has
been working intensively in the
field of fisheries policy and
management, and two of the three
projects he worked on in the past
year for the United Nations were
related to this area.
For the Food and Agriculture
Organization based in Rome,
Prof. Pearse prepared a report on
ways in which UN member countries, and particularly those
bordering on the Mediterranean,
can regulate access to fisheries so
that the resource can be efficiently
managed and not reach the point
of depletion.
He was also part of a three-
member team of UN experts
which visited the west African
country of Mauritania, which
recently extended jurisdiction over
its fishery to 200 miles off its coast.
The team advised the Maurita-
nian government on putting into
place a set of management policies
for the fishery, which is particularly rich in squid and octopus
and which has up to now been ex-
poited by long-range fishing fleets
from Russia, Japan and South
Africa.
His third mission for the UN involved visiting Sabah, a state in
the Malaysian federation on the
island of Borneo, as part of a
three-member team which advised
the government on revision of the
royalty system on the harvesting of
hardwood timber, a resource in
which Sabah is particularly rich.
As a member of the Faculty of
Forestry, Prof. Pearse will play an
active role in the faculty's rapidly
expanding program of off-campus
continuing education (for details,
see page 13).
His lectures on forest and
resource policy will be videotaped
while he delivers them to UBC
students and shown throughout
the province to students enrolled
in the continuing education program.
The purpose of the program is
to upgrade to degree level the
qualifications of practicing forest
technicians and to keep professional foresters now working in the
field abreast of the latest
developments in forestry practice.
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/5 'Through
thick and
thin, boom
and bust'
For Prof. Gordon Weetman, a
silviculture expert in the UBC
forestry faculty, the key to the
future lies in intensive forest
management.
He likens B.C.'s forest resource
to a portfoio of investments that
must be carefully managed to
yield the best return now and in
the future. "On any given piece of
forest land," he says, "there is
timber of different species and different ages, just as a portfolio of
investments contains bonds that
mature at different times and at
different interest rates. It's the
professional forester's job to
manage a portfolio of timber to
produce income on time and when
needed."
And what the recent forest service reports tell us, he adds, is that
we will not be able to meet the demand for forest products 100 years
from now if present forest-
management practices continue.
Intensive forest management
involves a highly complex
organizational system to be effective. "Intensive management involves a. commitment to a wide-
ranging package of technology to
grow timber," Prof. Weetman
says.
First you need tree seedlings to
put in the ground. "And if you're
going to plant trees," he says, "it
makes sense to use genetically improved stock because it's been
shown it can-increase growth rates
by up to 40 or 50 per cent. But
growing seedlings involves time for
seed selection, propogation and
testing for genetic superiority."
And when the various species of
seedlings are ready for planting
out they have to be put into
ground that has been prepared for
them on sites that will ensure the
best growth rate. Once establish-
6/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980
ed, the plantations of growing
trees have to be protected fiom
encroaching brush and weeds and
their growth rates increased by
thinning and, in some cases, by
fertilization
One of the major problems facing the reforestation program will
be deciding on how much effort
should go into each area of the
province. "A lot of old growth
timber yielding high volumes of
wood is now being logged at high
altitudes, says Prof. Weetman.
"We have very little experience
even growing stock for reforesta
tion, let alone growirrg it on these
sites. But these high altitude areas
are very extensive and the pro
blem comes down to how much
you invest in these areas as opposed to sites where much higher
yields are attainable."
Prof. Weetman's special area of
research  interest lies in tree fer
tilization.  This summer,  under a
contract    with    the    B.C.    forest
ministry,  he's supervised  the fer
tilization    of    25    Interior    sites,
stretching from the U.S. border to
Prince   Rupert,   where   stands   of
lodgepole pine, an important In
terior   species,   have   been   estab
lished and thinned.
"In  the  fall,   we'll   analyse  the
pine needles for size and chemical
content to determine whether the
trees have responded. If they
have, we'll establish more formal
tests over a ten- to 15-year period
to determine which sites can
benefit most from fertilization,"
he says
For Prof. Weetman, the future
health of the B.C. forest industry
ultimately lies in the nature of the
relationship between industry and
government.
Prof. Weetman says he's "never
seen things move as fast in forestry
in all of Canada as has been the
case in the last two or three years.
There's a realization right across
the country that we need to move
quickly in this area."
This will demand more trained
people, he adds, not just in the
technical and scientific areas, but
in the managerial and business
sphere as well as the human and
social side.
Ultimately, he says, the success
or failure of the forest industry in
the future will lie in the nature of
the relationship between the industry and governments. "There
can be no let up in our efforts to
renew the forest base," he says. "It
has to be maintained through
thick and thin, boom and depression, if we're to have a healthy industry in the future."
For silviculture expert Prof. Gordon Weetman, the future health of the
forest industry lies in the nature of government-industry relations. *- _♦
Dr. Peter Murtha heads Canada's only interdisciplinary program in remote sensing.
Satellite eye in the sky will
monitor future forests
One of the battery of new
technological devices for monitoring the forests of the future will be
the rapidly expanding technique
of remote sensing.
And UBC is likely to be a major
centre for training in this new
discipline. An interdisciplinary
program — the only one in
Canada — serving forestry,
geography, geophysics, civil
engineering, oceanography and
soil science is now in operation
under a group headed by Dr.
Peter Murtha of the UBC forestry
faculty.
Remote sensing had its origins
in photogrammetry, or the use of
aerial photographs for mapping
and determination of tree heights.
The rapid advance of the computer and other technology has
been such that remote sensing
techniques can now be used to
detect damage caused to trees by
air pollution and insects.
Dr. Murtha sees the technique
being useful in the future to
silviculturists who will be able to
pick out slow-growing trees in new
and natural tree stands so they can
be thinned out to promote faster
growth in the remaining trees.
Dr. Murtha can produce high-
altitude photographs taken on
infra-red film that clearly show
tracts of forest land damaged by
sulphur dioxide emissions. But
photographs, he believes, will
soon be antiquated and useful
only for precise mapping.
Replacing them will be the
multi-spectral scanner, which
picks up reflected spectral or emitted thermal energy from the
ground and records the information on digital tape, which is run
through a computer to produce an
image of the kind that's been used
in recent years by B.C. Hydro to
promote energy conservation by
showing heat emissions from
houses at ground level.
The computer which reads the
tape will be able to produce a TV
screen image that remote sensing
experts will be able to manipulate
to provide a variety of information.
Dr. Murtha says the technology
exists now to develop a remote
sensing system that can help the
forest manager by pinpointing a
disease condition caused by insects
so that steps can be taken to prevent its spread. Or it could help
forest-fire fighters on the ground
by identifying the speed and direction of a fire. The remote sensing
equipment has been mounted in, a
satellite hundreds of kilometres
above ground level, he says,
because some of the new sensing
equipment (such as radar) can
even see through cloud cover.
Taking the technique one step
further, Dr. Murtha foresees the
day when a satellite will be able to
scan a forest area and transmit to
a computer data that will be instantly converted into a TV picture. The picture would then be
transmitted to television sets in
forest environmental monitoring
stations, which could be linked to
one another so that forest
managers could take immediate
action when problems appear.
"Remote sensing," Dr. Murtha
says, "is a technique that's still in
its infancy. Our biggest problem is
to build up confidence in the data
in the minds of those who would
benefit from it."
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/7 Layman's view of forestry obscures inte
By and large, the image of
forestry which laymen carry
around with them is associated
with tree harvesting (lumberjacks
with power saws that can fell a
Douglas fir in minutes, giant
trucks loaded with logs careering
down dusty roads) and utilization
(huge saws screaming through
timber, stacks of finished lumber
waiting for buyers).
What few of us is aware of is the
intensive planning that precedes
harvesting.
Take roads, for instance, which
are the specialty of Prof. Leslie
Adamovich, who's been teaching
forestry at UBC for some 20 years.
"When I talked about the
aesthetics of forest roads 20 years
ago," he says, "students laughed
at the concept. Today, it's no
laughing matter, largely because
of environmental constraints,
many of them imposed by agencies other than the forest service.
"Years ago, no one worried
about fishing streams being
blocked by logging operations.
Today, we realize that if we're to
have a productive fishing industry
in the future, streams must be
kept intact because they're the
spawning grounds for returning
salmon.
"There's a new awareness, too,
of the necessity of preserving the
forest for wildlife and for the
growing number of people who
want to use it for recreation and
camping. All these things make it
more difficult for companies to
get at timber in increasingly inaccessible areas, where they encounter difficult terrain, which
has meant that rock blasting and
drilling technology has had to be
improved significantly."
Another harvesting expert in
the UBC forestry faculty can
describe how the computer can
come to the aid of companies in
logging off a specific area of forest
efficiently.
Glen Young, an associate professor of forestry, has been a key
figure in marrying computer
technology to planning techniques
so that the harvesting process can
be speeded up.
' A forester planning to harvest a
specific area can now digitize —
i.e. convert into numbers — and
store in a desktop computer a wide
range of information, including
the topography of the area to be
harvested and information about
8/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980
The computer and other sophisticated planning devices are coming to the aid ■ 	
nsive planning that precedes harvesting
S£ forest companies which must haul timber out of increasingly inaccessible areas.
the various kinds of trees growing
on the site.
"This enables the planner to
look first at very general things,"
says Mr: Young. "First, if a lot of
the area has slopes above 30
degrees, the planner knows he
won't be able to ground skid the
logs and will have to put in cable
systems to collect them.
"And if a substantial part of the
forest faces south, is covered by
certain types of soil and is above
3,000 feet, the planner knows he'll
have some regeneration problems
after logging takes place."
When all the information is in
the computer, the planner can
start asking it questions. He may
want a road from point A to B of a
certain maximum grade. The
computer will search the topographic information to see if that's
possible and roughly outline the
route the road will have to take.
"And because the computer can
do all this very quickly," Mr.
Young says, "it's possible to explore a whole series of alternatives
and come up with the most efficient set of circumstances for getting the timber out of the area at
the lowest cost."
In the final analysis, says Mr.
Young, the options outlined by
the computer have to be confirmed by on-the-ground observation, but several companies are using the techniques developed at
UBC and are finding it beneficial
from the cost point of view. "One
company," he says, "found they
could cut out a mile of road using
the computer, and in today's
terms that's a saving of $100,000
in rough coastal terrain."
The techniques for employing
the so-called "digital terrain
simulator" are well past the
research and experimental stage.
Every forester who graduates from
UBC is equipped with the knowledge to employ the computer in
harvesting procedures.
One of the reasons why B.C.'s
forest industry has remained competitive and productive over the
years is reliance on complex and
often sophisticated machinery for
harvesting timber.
Ultimately, however, machines
are operated and tended by men.
And it is the complex "man-
machine    organism"    that    Dr.
Continued on page ten
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/9
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/11
UDLi n.puru'nuiuiiiu.  ijwihj
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/15 Philip Cottell, another forestry
associate professor, is trying to
learn more about.
He's developed a "data logger"
in co-operation with UBC electrical engineering associate professor Dr. Peter Lawrence that's
capable of recording data on up to
32 different factors that make up
the man-machine system while it's
actually functioning- in a work
situation.
The compact recording unit
can simultaneously measure and
analyse the variety of influences
on the system and relate the
results to the overall objective of
the system — production.
The data is recorded on standard tape cassettes, which are
read on a companion reader unit,
which then transmits the data to a
computer that can statistically
analyse the information.
The first experiments using the
data logger were carried out in
UBC's research forest near Haney
in the Fraser Valley and were
designed to look for evidence of
diminished performance due to
fatigue or stress over the course of
a shift among operators of yarding
machinery, which pulls felled
timber to a collecting area. Other
types of forest machinery are
scheduled for examination in
future studies.
"If we find that productivity
does suffer over a shift period,"
says Dr. Cottell, "our data may
tell us that increased output could
be obtained through equipment
modifications, for example, improved layout and type of
operator's controls or instruments
or vibration-damping seating."
There are a number of compelling reasons for attempting to improve man-machine systems in
logging.
For one, much of Canada's
forest industry is carried on in
high-cost, marginal regions, so
improvements in performance
through better man-machine
systems could be important in ensuring a productive and profitable
industry.
Another reason is that while
many people think of the forests as
part of the healthy outdoor life,
many who work in that environment find it's often noisy, dirty,
dangerous and fatiguing. So safety
and health considerations as well
as worker job satisfaction are involved in Dr. Cottell's research.
Prof. Robert Kennedy says B.C.'s future wood supply could be increased
significantly through better utilization.
Better utilization will
expand wood supply
Most critics agree that B.C.'s
forest industry has done rather
badly in ensuring an adequate
future timber supply. The industry has done somewhat better
in terms of utilization once the
logs reach one of the nearly 700
B.C. mills that produce lumber,
shingles, plywood and pulp and
paper.
Technological advances in
manufacturing and utilization
have been dramatic and the industry is constantly seeking ways
of using residues for conventional
and new products.
However, the predicted decline
in future timber supply .will make
10/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980 it essential that wood is utilized
even more rationally, according to
Prof. Robert Kennedy, who joined
the UBC forest faculty recently
after a 14-year career in the
former federal forest products
laboratory located on the UBC
campus.
"Timber is used inefficiently in
construction," he says, "because
we don't fully understand the properties of wood. We still use a
design factor determined back in
the 1920s on clear pieces of wood.
"We need to know more about
the variations of properties among
wood of the same species and
grade, the effect of long-term
loading on floors and suchlike,
with a view to reducing the
amount of wood used in
building."
There are some immediate and
easily attainable ways of increasing the wood supply, Prof. Kennedy says.
Improvements in sawmill cutting operations, e.g., reduced
sawtooth widths, could increase
lumber yields by 12.5 per cent,
which is equivalent to increased
timber of nine million cubic
metres of logs a year in Canada
alone.
Other technological improvements in pulp and plywood
manufacturing, wood engineering
and treating wood with preservatives could increase wood supply
by an estimated 38 million cubic
metres a year, which is 63 per cent
of the additional increase of 60
million cubic metres which we've
been told the Canadian forest industry will have to produce by
1990 to meet world demand.
Canada, Prof. Kennedy says,
lags far behind the U.S. in
academic programs aimed at
training people who will understand efficient processing and
utilization. "It's important we
develop an academic program
here at UBC along these lines even
before we embark on an extensive
research program."
Utilization research will be carried on by students at Forintek,
the new name for the forest products lab, which is now supported
by grants from the forest industry,
supplemented by provincial and
federal governments.
"We'll need more students
specializing in utilization in the
future," says Prof. Kennedy. "One
of the major problems is that there
are few people in industry who are
prepared to listen to new ideas
with the result that there's a gap
between available and applied
technology."
_^^ ^il-_____^_r^^i      ___Wr^l____r ' ^Bk
Prof. James Kutney of UBC's chemistry department is manipulating the
chemical structure of an oil derived from B.C. cedar trees with a view to
opening avenues towards the marketing of commercially important products.
Host of uses seen for oil
derived from slash
Not all the research bearing on
the forest industry is being carried
out in UBC's Faculty of Forestry.
In several labs in the campus
Chemistry Building, Prof. Jim
Kutney and a group of six postdoctoral fellows are manipulating
the chemistry of an oil derived
from western red cedar with a
view to opening avenues towards
the marketing of commercially
important products.
The substance Prof. Kutney
and his research group is dealing
with is called thujone, a so-called
"essential oil" derived from cedar
leaves and branches by a simple
distillation process.
"Every day," says Prof. Kutney,
"the forest industry creates tons of
slash, the branches of felled trees,
which are left on the forest floor
and later burned. In addition, intensive forestry involves thinning
out tree plantations when trees are
young to ensure the optimum
growth of the remainder of the
stand.
"Thujone can be distilled from
these two sources, especially the
young trees, because it is at this
time in their life cycle that thujone
levels are highest."
Prof. Kutney's research begins
on a farm near Armstrong, B.C.,
owned by Lowell Paul, who is cooperating with a Kelowna-based
firm of forestry consultants, Alan
Moss and Associates Ltd., in a
feasibility study designed to
evaluate the economics of producing thujone commercially. The
Armstrong experiment, like Prof.
Kutney's research, is supported by
grants from the Science Council of
B.C.
Continued on page 12
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/11 The distillation apparatus on
the Okanagan Valley farm produces an oily, aromatic liquid
which is about 80 per cent thujone
and looks like rye whiskey.
"You can imagine thujone as
the hub of a wheel," says Prof.
Kutney, "with a number of
radiating spokes labelled perfumery, insecticides, fungicides,
herbicides, insect repellants, etc."
When thujone reaches Prof.
Kutney's UBC labs his research
team manipulates its chemistry
and then dispatches the
derivatives to various agencies for
evaluation and testing.
(Even the material left over
from the Armstrong distillation
process, called muka, which is the
Russian word for flour, is being
evaluated by agriculturalists as a
filler in animal and poultry feed
and by forest research scientists as
a filler in making particle board).
One international company is
currently evaluating Prof.
Kutney's thujone derivatives for
use in perfumes, colognes and
detergent soaps. Another thujone
derivative has been tested in the
Fraser Valley by a research entomologist who has shown it is effective in controlling insects that
attack vegetable crops.
The leading Canadian company that markets insecticides,
herbicides and insect repellants
has sought Prof. Kutney out to ask
if it can test his thujone derivatives
as the basis for commercial products.
And an official for the B.C.
economic development ministry
has said he wants to discuss the
feasibility of developing a plant in
northern B.C. for distilling cedar
oil and creating employment.
"So the possibility of utilizing
slash, something the forest industry regards as a nuisance, has
some fairly widespread economic
implications," says Prof. Kutney.
"And that ties in very neatly
with the way in which the provincial government and the Science
Council of B.C. is thinking," he
adds. "The council was asked to
focus on some applied science
priorities and forest products was
one of them.
' "Sophisticated secondary industry resulting from research and
technology that is linked to B.C.'s
most important industry is
something that is uppermost in
the minds of the provincial
government."
12/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980
Reforester would aid
replanting of forests
To regenerate its forests, B.C.
will need all the mechanical help
it can get.
And some of that help is already
in sight, thanks to Prof. Jack
Walters, the director of UBC's
Research Forest in the Fraser
Valley north of Haney.
Two years ago, Prof. Walters
unveiled his Reforester, the
world's first automatic, self-
propelled seedling planter, which
is capable of planting 20,000
seedlings a day. (About 700 seedlings can be planted each day
using a mattock, or grub hoe, a
method so primitive, says Prof.
Walters, that "Cain used a similar
tool to kill Abel.")
The Reforester unveiled in 1978
was originally a Second World
War personnel carrier which had
been converted as a log skidder.
Prof. Walters purchased it for
$28,000 from a Los Angeles scrap
yard.
• He had three compressed-air
planting guns mounted on the
tracked vehicle, which can travel
over logging debris and crawl
across logs two feet in diameter,
planting three rows of seedlings as
it goes. "
Each seedling is grown from a
seed germinated in a plastic
"bullet" which is fired into the
ground by the compressed air
guns. The four-sided bullets were
also invented by Prof. Walters as
part of earlier work to automate
reforestation.
Both the provincial and federal
governments as well as the North -
wood Pulp and Timber Co. of
Prince George have shown an interest in the Reforester since it was
unveiled.
The federal government is
underwriting the costs of developing an improved version of the
compressed air guns and Prof.
Walters is working hard on
developing a new biodegradable
substance to replace the plastic
that now forms the bullets in
which the tree seedlings are
grown.
Northwood and the provincial
government are co-operating to
mount compressed air guns on a
log skidder for testing on logged-
off land in the Prince George
area.
The government of Algeria has
Photo by Jim Banham
Reforester built by UBC research
forest director Jack Walters is
capable of planting 20,000 seedlings daily in plastic bullets.
also shown interest in, the
Reforester and has gone as far as
to actually order one of the
machines. "However, we want to
make sure the machine is useful
for conditions in the Sahara
Desert," Prof. Walters said. He's
in contact with officials in Algeria
about the Reforester and with an
agent for the Algerian government in Germany concerning the
bullets in which the seedlings are
grown.
Prof. Walters has also invented
a device to aid the forest industry
in gathering seed cones from trees
in out-of-the-way places. Called a
cone rake, the device is mounted
on a helicopter which can hover
and actually rake the cones off the
tree limbs.
The cones fall into a hopper
which is a part of the device. It
enables foresters to collect seed
from anywhere without having to
climb the tree or cut it down.
Prof. Walters' abilities as an inventor were recognized recently by
the Canadian Institute of Forestry
which conferred on him the Canadian Forestry Achievement Award
for contributing "sound ideas and
brilliant innovations to Canadian
forestry." UBC's Faculty of Forestry must double its current enrolment and graduate 180 to
200 students every year to meet the foreseeable demand for professional foresters.
B.C. forest effort could fail
for lack of manpower
Does what you've read so far
about some of the steps being
taken to strengthen B.C.'s forest
industry make you feel better?
It shouldn't, because there is
one more factor that will make or
break the forest industry of the
future.
That factor is trained, professional manpower.
Prof. Donald Munro, director
of off-campus education programs
in UBC's forestry faculty, says the
current state of forestry education
is a direct reflection of the
psychology of abundance that has
characterized the forest industry.
Up until about 15 years ago,
Prof. Munro points out, UBC was
the only university west of Toronto
where it was possible to get professional training in forestry.
Modern management practices
have always been a part of the
UBC forestry curriculum, he says,
but past graduates were largely
condemned to low-level technical
work as a result of the way in
which forestry was practiced in
B.C.
"Unless students were dedicated
to an outdoor life of the forest
ranger type, they tended to be
turned off because they weren't
able   to   practice   the   kind   of
forestry they learned at
university," he says.
The advent of forestry technical
training programs at the B.C. Institute of Technology and at
regional colleges in the Interior
has also had an effect on the UBC
faculty. "The minute those programs got underway, we were able
to upgrade UBC's program," says
Prof. Munro.
"Not only were we able to hire
new faculty members, but we were
also able to eliminate from our
curriculum a tremendous amount
of low-level technical material
knowing that that knowledge was
being provided at the college
level.
"This enabled* us to concentrate
on the professional aspects of
forestry and to develop in students
the ability to synthesize knowledge
and to make intelligent choices
about managing the forest
resource."
He points to the forestry
faculty's expanding program of
continuing education as a reflection of the realization by industry
to
tion ot the realization by maustr]
and government that they will re
quire   additional   manpower   to
carry out an extensive program of
forest management.
The   program    will   be   two-
pronged, Prof. Munro says. It will
upgrade to degree-level the
qualifications of BCIT and college
graduates and keep practicing
professionals aware of the latest
developments in forestry practice.
The immediate problem, says
Prof. Munro, is that there is an increased demand for professionals
right now. "One Interior forest
region alone hired 30 university
forestry graduates this spring," he
says, "and nearly all of them came
from Alberta.
"There are new incentives in the
forest act to encourage companies
to start their own tree nurseries as
part of a revitalized silviculture
program. But silviculture is a
sophisticated area that requires
highly trained manpower.
"The government has a difficult
time getting trained people. If the
industry enters the field in a
substantial way, where is their expertise to come from?
"At the rate the demand for
manpower is increasing we must
more than double our current
enrolment in forestry and
graduate 180 to 200 students a
year to meet the foreseeable professional requirements."
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/13 On the trail of the
elusive popcorn fish
Two University of B.C. scientists
have been involved in a 27-year
series of events which culminated
this summer in a federal government decision to give th_ name Pop-
cornfish Lake to a small body of
water in a remote part of the Yukon.
The chain of events that led to the
naming of the lake began in the summer of 1953, says Prof. Cas Lindsey
who, with Prof. Don McPhail are
two of Canada's best known experts
on the freshwater fish of northern
Canada and Alaska.
Prof. Lindsey is now head of
UBC's Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology and Prof. McPhail is a colleague in the same UBC graduate institute.
In the summer of 1953, Al Martin,
the cook for a small geplogical
survey party in the Yukon, caught an
odd-looking fish in the remote lake
about 500 kilometres north of
Whitehorse.
The fish was distinguished by
having a large number of bumps on
its head, which resembled popcorn.
Martin, who has been described as a
"keen observer" of Yukon wildlife,
said he'd never before seen a fish
like it and promptly named it the
popcorn fish.
Before any of the scientists
associated with the survey party
returned to camp, Martin did what
all good cooks are paid to do — he
fried up the odd-looking fish and
shared  it with helicopter pilot Jim
my Greenshields and an unidentified helicopter mechanic.
Prof. Lindsey began his own
research on northern freshwater fish
shortly after the 1953 incident and
heard persistent tales about the popcorn fish from bush pilots and other
Yukon residents.
In 1960, he finally contacted one
of the scientists who had been on
the Yukon survey and learned to his
dismay that Martin had died of a
heart attack the previous summer.
In the summer of 1960, Profs.
Lindsey and McPhail journeyed to the
Yukon lake in an attempt to net the
elusive popcorn fish.
The nets they set yielded only the
usual occupants of the lake — suckers,
sculpin and grayling — which prompted a Whitehorse newspaper to print a
story headlined "Popcorn fish makes
suckers out of UBC scientists."
In March of this year, Prof. Lindsey
was contacted by C. Lyle Hammond,
a federal government official with Indian and Northern Affairs, who sits on
the Canadian Permanent Committee
on Geographical Place Names. He
had seen a reference to Popcornfish
Lake in an academic paper published
by Prof. Lindsey in 1977.
Prof. Lindsey provided details on
how Popcornfish Lake got its name
and was informed in mid-July that the
permanent committee had officially
approved the name.
So much for the series of events
leading to the naming of the lake. But
Prof. Cas Lindsey, left, head of UBC's Institute of Animal Resource
Ecology, and fellow fisheries scientist Prof. Don McPhail hold a sketch
done by Prof. Lindsey of the elusive popcorn fish, which may (or may
not) inhabit a small lake in the Yukon.
the question remains: Does the popcorn fish really exist?
Prof. Lindsey won't come right out
and say he's convinced the unique fish
exists in the Yukon lake. His attitude,
which is based on precedent, is that
there is a lot of evidence for believing
that a unique species of fish survived
the last ice age 10,000 years ago.
Prof. Lindsey points out that much
of the Yukon and northern Canada
was not covered with ice during the
last ice age. "All the plants, animals
and fish in glaciated areas were wiped
out," he says, "but in the extensive
unglaciated areas, unique types of
mosses and alpine flowers, as well as
some kinds of insects like ground
beetles and sow bugs, survived in isolation."
As for fish that survived in
unglaciated areas, Prof. Lindsey
points to the Alaska blackfish, which
occurs only in that U.S. state. "The
range of the fish conforms exactly to
the area of the state that was
unglaciated," Prof. Lindsey says, "and
means there's precedent for believing
that another unique species of fish
may have survived in isolation in northern Canadian lakes."
There's also evidence, says Prof.
Lindsey, that northern fish which survived in unglaciated lakes developed
distinctive biochemical characteristics.
"A student of mine who's just completed work on a master's degree has
found that whitefish taken from a
number of unglaciated northern lakes
have two or three genetic versions of a
particular chemical substance in their
flesh.
"That means there's something odd
about their evolutionary history and
the only explanation is that they survived in unglaciated lakes that were
isolated during the last ice age some
10,000 years ago."
When pressed, Dr. Lindsey does admit that the fish Al Martin caught in
the summer of 195S at Popcornfish
Lake might have been a sucker or a
sculpin with some type of abnormal
head growths, possibly caused by
parasites.
In any case, Prof. Lindsey says, he
plans to continue studies of the evolutionary history of northern fishes and
will be keeping a sharp eye out for the
popcorn fish.
As he puts it: "If Canadians are
prepared to believe in the Sasquatch
and in Ogopogo, they should keep an
open mind about more plausible
creatures like the popcorn fish."
One further note for those who like
to put a fine point on things. Popcornfish Lake is located at 65°27'50"
north latitude and 133°48'20" west
longitude. A simpler way to pinpoint
its approximate location is to draw a
line between Whitehorse in the Yukon
and Tuktoyuktuk in the Northwest
Territories. The lake is midway between
the two towns.
14/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980 Policy turnaround benefits research
UBC scientists have begun to reap
the benefits of the turnaround in
federal government policy on funding of research in Canadian universities.
The Natural Sciences and
Engineering Research Council
(NSERC) has awarded a record
$9,011,823 to 453 faculty members
in basic and applied science
faculties and departments for
1980-81, an increase of 17 per cent
over the previous year and a whopping 43 per cent increase over the
total awarded in the 1978-79
academic year.
The Medical Research Council
(MRC) has made grants totalling
$4,123,737 to 90 UBC health scien
tists in the Faculties of Medicine,
Dentistry and Pharmaceutical
Sciences for 1980-81. The total
represents an increase of 11 per cent
over last year and 16 per cent over
the amount awarded in 1978-79.
The increases reflect a change in
federal government policy, which
has been under fire for nearly a
decade, during which time appropriations for university research
were virtually frozen and subject to
the ravages of inflation and the
declining value of the Canadian
dollar.
The turnaround in policy came
during the brief tenure of the
Progressive-Conservative government, which announced increased
support for research prior to the
federal election in February, which
resulted in the election of a Liberal
government.
In May of this year, the Hon. John
Roberts, the federal minister of
science and technology, confirmed the
Liberal government's intention to implement the research-grant policy
outlined by the Progressive-
Conservatives.
This gave NSERC a 35-per-cent increase this year, the MRC budget has
been increased by 17.4 per cent, and
grants to the Social Sciences and
Humanities Research Council have
been upped by 16.2 per cent.
The record total of NSERC grants
to UBC faculty members is for "free"
research as opposed to targeted
research, because researchers
themselves selected the topic to be investigated.
The grants will enable investigators
to meet the costs of research programs, purchase and maintain
research equipment, and travel to
other laboratories in Canada and
abroad.
In addition, 157 UBC graduate
students and post-doctoral fellows will
receive more than $1.5 million in the
coming year as part of NSERC's program for the training of researchers in
science and engineering.
UBC officials were unable to say exactly how many students registered for
the coming year at UBC will be the
recipients of NSERC awards. On the
one hand, some recipients registered
here last year will elect to undertake
graduate work at other universities
and, on the other, some students
registered last year at other Canadian
universities will enrol for the first time
at    UBC   in    September   to   begin
graduate work.
The awards to UBC students were
made in three categories: 124 received
post-graduate scholarships, each
valued at $8,500 as of Sept. 1 (up from
$7,000 last year); 15 received $17,000
post-doctoral awards (up from
$14,000); and 17 were awarded 1967
Science Scholarships, each worth
$11,200 (up from $8,700).
The two largest equipment grants
made by NSERC to UBC scientists
were for the purchase of different
types of spectrometers. Prof.
Richard L. Armstrong of geological
sciences was awarded $170,000 for
a solid source mass spectrometer,
while Prof. Leslie M. Lavkulich of
soil science receives $148,742 for a
plasma-atomic emission spectrograph.
Prof. A.J. Barnard of the Department of Physics was the recipient of
the largest NSERC operating grant
of $146,000 for research on laser fusion and plasma physics. Other
faculty members who received
operating grants of $90,000 or more
were: Prof. D.F. Measday, physics —
$95,000; Prof. D.G. Fleming,
chemistry — $93,200; and Prof. D.A.
Axen, physics - $90,000.
Health researchers who received
grants of $80,000 or more from MRC
are: Profs. P.D. Bragg - $81,177,
Michael Smith — $147,150 and Gordon Tener - $91,750, all of the
Department of Biochemistry; Prof.
John Dirks of the Department of
Medicine - $121,000; Prof. J.C.
Hogg of the pathology department
- $90,096; Profs. J.C. Brown —
$86,440, D.H. Copp - $108,717 and
Hugh McLennan - $80,350, all of
the physiology department; and
Prof. Juhn Wada of the Department
of Psychiatry - $80,000.
* * »
Five UBC students are among 58
Canadian scholars awarded the first
post-doctoral fellowships in a new
program initiated by the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research
Council.
The awardf, worth $15,000 each,
are for specific research projects or
for studies in which the scholars will
convert their research skills to new
fields in the humanities and social
sciences. The awards also provided
for a travel allowance and an accountable research allowance of up
to $2,500.
UBC students who received the
awards, and their fields of study,
are: Jeanne E. Cannizzo, history;
Bernd B. Elias, French literature;
Eva-Marie Kroller, history; Susan L.
Painter, psychology; and Wayne L.
Westergard-Thorpe, history.
UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980/15 UBC
NEWS
ROUNMJK
UBC is moving quickly to prepare a.
plan to expand its library system to
stave off Doomsday — the day when
the system runs out of space for new
books and materials.
Intensive planning for a library
building program began this spring
following the preparation of an interim report by a 33-member committee chaired by Prof. Peter Larkin,
dean of UBC's Faculty of Graduate
Studies.
UBC's president, Dr. Douglas Kenny,
who set up the committee, asked it to
prepare a comprehensive plan for
meeting library space needs and to
recommend priorities for library construction.
The committee found that if UBC
continues to acquire books and other
materials at the present rate, the
library system would be full by 1988.
The report outlined two plans for
solving the library space problem,
both of which involve the complete
renovation and redesign of UBC's
Main Library, one of the original
buildings on the Point Grey campus.
Intensive technical studies on the
feasibility and costs of the two plans
outlined in the report have been carried out during the summer and a
final report with recommendations for
new construction and the renovation
of the Main Library will be in the
hands of President Kenny by late Oc-
tober-       * + +
UBC has a new vice-president. He's
Prof. James Kennedy, former director of the UBC Computing Centre,
who succeeds C.J. "Chuck"
Connaghan, who resigned at the end
of June to form his own consulting
firm in Vancouver. As vice-president
for University services, Prof. Kennedy
has responsibility for non-academic
support services as well as the Computing Centre.
Other recent notable appointments
include:
• Dr. Guy Garden, from Yale
University, as head of UBC's Department of Linguistics in the Faculty of
Arts;
• Prof. Leslie Lavkulich, a
14-year member of the UBC faculty,
as head of the Department of Soil
Science in the Faculty of Agricultural
Sciences;
• Prof. Richard Mattessich, a
faculty member since 1967, as the first
occupant of the Arthur Andersen and
Co. Alumni Chair in Accounting in
the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration;
• Dr. Terence W. Anderson as
head of the Department of Health
Care and Epidemiology in the Faculty
of Medicine; and
Rod Michalko, one of nearly 3,600
students who received academic
degrees at Spring Congregation in
May, is the first blind student to
earn a Doctor of Philosophy degree
at UBC. His wife, Barbara
Williams, was also in the graduating
class. She received her bachelor's
degree in sociology.
• Dr. John R. Ledsome as head of
the Department of Physiology, also in
the Faculty of Medicine.
• ••
A new team has been appointed to
administer UBC's athletic program
following the retirement in June of
R.J. "Bus" Phillips, who's been
athletic director since 1954.
Named director of athletics and
sport services with overall responsibility for all athletic activity is Prof.
Robert Hindmarch, who's been
teaching in the UBC School of
Physical Education and Recreation
since 1955. The new director of the
men's athletic program is Rick
Noonan, who's been head trainer and
an instructor on athletic injuries at
UBC since 1970. Nestor Korchinsky
of the physical education and recreation school will direct both the intramural athletic program and
Recreation UBC.
Marilyn. Pomfret continues as
director of the women's athletic program and D.L. "Buzz" Moore as
assistant director of men's athletics.
UBC plans to build a new Bookstore
at the intersection of University
Boulevard and the East Mall directly
east of the Biological Sciences
Building. Retail selling space in the
new building will be three times larger
than similar space in the existing
bookstore.
UBC's new Asian Centre, which will
house a library collection, faculty
members from the Department of
Asian Studies and a performance centre for plays and concerts, will be
ready for occupancy early in 1981.
The centre is located immediately adjacent to the Nitobe Memorial Garden
in the northwest sector of the campus.
Construction has begun on a new
laboratory centre for coal and mineral
processing adjacent to the Frank
Foward Building for metallurgy and a
new building to house the School of
Home Economics is under construction on the East Mall just south of
University Boulevard.
• ••
Prof. Julia Levy of the Department of Microbiology was awarded
the 1980 Jacob Biely Research Prize
for her research in basic and applied
immunology. She and her research
team have developed a highly sensitive, quick and inexpensive test to
detect lung cancer at an early stage.
• ••
Eighteen UBC Physical Plant
vehicles will be running on compressed natural gas by the end of
September under a program funded
by the provincial government. Vehicle
performance will be monitored for a
year by B.C. Research, the independent industrial research organization
located at UBC.
The provincial government has also
given UBC nearly $526,000 to set up a
laboratory in the Faculty of Applied
Science to study automobile engine
fuelling systems, with emphasis on the
use of compressed natural gas for
powering cars.
A research team of 12 to 13 people
headed by Prof. Enoch Durbin of
Princeton University will concentrate
on developing a more efficient conversion system to enable cars to run on
natural gas and gasoline. The device
could be fitted to cars during assembly
or retrofitted to cars now on the road.
In addition, the research teach will
look at other alternative fuels, e.g.,
methane and methanol, for use in
cars. Dean Martin Wedepohl, head
of the applied science faculty, said the
project was hopefully one of a number
of endeavors "in which our faculty will
be co-operating with business and industry to try to solve some of the problems that face this province in the
future."
*••
More than 600 students were
employed during the summer of 1980
under the provincial government's
Youth Employment Program on projects related to their academic studies.
YEP grants to UBC this year totalled
$1.22 million.
16/UBC Reports/Autumn, 1980 withholding funds and for the UBC administration to start its own weekly publication. The Ubyssey of previous controversial eras was all innocence and purity
compared to the 1968-69 version.
While the paper continued on a leftward course the following year under
Michael Finlay, now a story editor with
CBC radio's "As It Happens," The Ubyssey of the Seventies was never quite so
radical again. But the style of journalism
had clearly changed. Gone was any attempt at object reporting (however loosely
followed before), replaced by unabashed
advocacy journalism. In the process, it
lost its sparkle, becoming dreadfully earnest.
"The Ubyssey seemed to have lost its
sense of humor by the early Seventies,"
said Murray McMillan, Ubyssey managing editor in 1967-68 and formerly a Sun
copy editor and now third-year law student. "And as it ceased to be enjoyed by
people on campus, it became a declining
force. Ad revenues dropped, it was no
longer fat like in the late Sixties — it became an irrelevant sheet."
By the late Seventies, The Ubyssey
seemed to have become as much concerned with off-campus affairs as those on
Point Grey. There were times when it
seemed much less like a student newspaper and more like a conventional radical
left workers' tabloid. All of which, with
the mood of students becoming less radical, must have reinforced the sense of irrelevancy.
But here and there, toward the end of
the decade, there were hints that the spirit
of fun had not been entirely lost. In February, 1975, some Pubsters got hold of
copies of the engineers' annual Red Rag a
week before they were to be distributed.
Within 48 hours, they had produced a
Maoist Red Rag, identical in layout to the
redshirts' rag but full of stories with a
Maoist slant such as, "Engineers Denounce Gage: Paternalistic President No
Longer Friend ofthe People." A year later
there was a great hoax about a provincial
government-approved plan to bulldoze
the University Endowment Lands for a
luxury housing development. Months later, in campaigning for senate seats, the
Young Socialists haii been fooled enough
to include opposition to the UEL project
in their campaign platform.
Today, as The Ubyssey moves into the
Eighties, many t/ftyssey-watchers are concerned that it could be an era marked by
tame, quiescent campus journalism. Chris
Gainor, editor in 1977-78 and now Sun
medical reporter, is one who fears that,
with the fading of political radicalism, The
Ubyssey is increasingly being taken over
by professional-minded technicians with
no fondness for the paper's feisty tradition.
"When I joined the paper, it was because it seemed to be the only agency
agitating for change on campus and also
because it had a sense of humor," said
Gainor. "I suspect that the majority of
people who joined then did so for the same
reasons. I don't think that's the case now.
As we moved into the late Seventies, more
and more people were definitely just interested in getting a job on the papers and
not really interested in raising a little
hell."
But how is it the Ubyssey Connection
has enabled all those other generations of
hell-raisers to become such a major established part of Canadian journalism? What
is it about the Ubyssey experience that has
allowed so many to not only survive — in
the mostiy straight-laced world of commercial news media — but often to succeed?
Helen Hutchison likes to tell the story
of a garden party a couple of years ago in
Toronto, where a small group of ex-
Ubyssey mafia found themselves talking
over old times. "I remember Sandy (Ross)
saying, 'How come we knew even then
that we were all terrific?' And Allan
(Fotheringham), who was reclining on a
chaise lounge with a drink in his hand,
answered in his dry way: 'Because, Sandy,
we were'."
This less-than-humble answer is, as
Hutchison would be the first to admit,
only partly true. There is no denying the
remarkable talent that has passed through
The Ubyssey. But the key thing is that The
Ubyssey allowed talent to find expression
and to grow and develop. People came to
UBC just to work on the paper — and now
there's no shortage of journalists around
who cheerfully describe themselves as
"graduate of The Ubyssey brackets failed
BA." The paper was, in effect, for the
longest time western Canada's journalism
school.
The difference is that the budding
scribes were always on their own — to
sink or swim. "There was simply no education that could match it in self-imposed
responsibility," recalls Ron Haggart.
"When we made a mistake, or more accurately, offended some special interest
group, we had to accept the responsibility
for that. We couldn't mumble, 'But Mr.
Higgins approved it."' It was the independence of The Ubyssey that gave room
for personal growth — and made journalism fun.
Which brings us to another school of
thought as to why so many ex-Pubsters
remained in professional journalism,
which is not always so glamorous as it's
often made out to be. This is that Ubyssey
writers and editors have so much fun —
and freewheeling power — that they
spend the rest of their careers trying to
find a position where they can once again
have this heady experience.
But more than anything else it seems to
be The Ubyssey tradition — of feistiness,
of freedom — that fosters excellence.
Pubsters always have a sense that history
is watching, that they have a responsibility to The Ubyssey s that have gone before
and those that will follow. The independence of the paper is thus jealously
guarded and its contents sweated and
fought over, to measure up to traditional
standards.
"Success didn't happen in any one year;
it happened over a period of 50 years,"
says Haggart. "There is the sense of student involvement in the long term of the
university. It always seemed to be an important part of our function to keep the
spirit of the Great Trek alive. I remember
I once assigned a lovely blonde girl to
cover the annual cairn ceremony as her
first assignment. She wrote — in all earnestness — that President Mackenzie
spoke at the cairn, 'which was the first
student erection on campus.' A lot of student papers would have run that and
laughed at it, but we did not run it. It did
not run. We took our paper seriously."
This suggests that the more gloomy
ex-Pubsters ought not to despair for The
Ubyssey in the Eighties. It's clearly too
soon to pronounce the end of a long colorful, controversial tradition. As the past 62
years have proved, it's hard to put the
"vile rag" down. The Ubyssey is going to
be around for a lot longer yet, making
things hot on campus, scandalizing people
off-campus and along the way turning out
many of Canada's most entertaining,
brightest and toughest journalists.
That's The Ubyssey's contribution to
our journalism. And, yes, the truth is I
regret never having written for the rag.n
Yes, we know, we probably forgot to include
Whozit and Whatzit (as in "what about good
ol'Whafs her name"). The omission is unintentional. When you are pointing out the errors of our ways, we would also be grateful to
receive any anecdotes, old gossip or new facts
about The Ubyssey and its history.
* * *
Clive Cocking, BA'61, is a confirmed
media watcher - and a former editor of the
Chronicle.
Chronicle/Autumn 1980  17 SOMMET ROUGE
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UBC Journalism:
More Than A Possibility
A journalism school at UBC? "Just don't let them get their
mitts on The Ubyssey." Protectors of that venerable campus institution have little to fear from the proposed new
academic venture. Peaceful co-existence is the objective.
UBC's official participation in the media world has been a
long time coming. In the misty past (the documentation
seems to have disappeared into some irretrievable archive) of
1945 a J-school was proposed for UBC along with Carleton
and Western Ontario. Both of these were established while
the UBC project was apparently shelved. In 1963 Arnold
Edinborough, noted author and editor visited the campus for
a year and revived the suggestion for a J-school. He left, and
so did the idea. It lay dormant until 1975, when the faculty of
graduate studies asked Fred Bowers, associate professor of
English, to head up a "very skeptical committee" to look at
the possibility of establishing a school at UBC. "I started off
absolutely uncommitted," said Bowers, "I didn't think that it
needed an advocate." In the end all the members of the
committee were converted to the idea.
The committee's report the following year was based on
information collected from over 150 sources in the media
industry ("the potential customers"), and from faculty, and
other journalism schools. The report languished in academic
limbo until the beginning of 1979 when Bowers, who was by
this time "committed to it myself because I could see the
point" of the creation of a professional journalism school in
the west (The University of Regina has since established a
school), inquired whether the faculty of arts might be interested in the proposal. It was, and with approval gained
from the arts curriculum committee the proposal has now
begun its long journey through the university senate and
ultimately to the Universities Council for funding.
"We see that the whole point of the school is to give
Canadian students access to their own media and to get the
training and experience for that," said Bowers. His committee outlined a tripartite course. One third to be concerned
with journalism itself— media history, organization, and law
and the media. "The ethics of journalism in a Canadian rather
than U.S. or Commonwealth context." A newsroom workshop — writing, reporting and editing, is a very important
third. An internship approach has been the advice from the
media consulted.
"We've had conflicting opinions on whether the school
should run a paper," said Bowers. "The worst thing that
could happen — and it won't happen — would be to make The
Ubyssey the school paper. Apart from the fact that it would be
historically upside down, I think it would be avery bad move."
The last and equally important third of the program would
be the post-graduate work. Students would have to carry on
with specialized studies in whatever was their undergraduate
major.
In return for this blend of academic, media theory and
practical work, worth 30 units over the two-year course, the
committee hopes that UBC will offer a master of journalism
degree.
So, if all goes as planned, 1982 may see the first class of
students writing snappy leads, typing double spaced and
keeping their mitts off The Ubyssey. Fred Bowers likes the
idea of 1982. That's seven years from the launching of his
committee's work and he feels that would be appropriate "as
it would match every day of creation."
-Susan Jamieson-McLamon Burpy and His
Ivy-Covered
Linotype
A Ubyssey camera in 1964 recorded
then-managing editor Denis "Burpy"
Stanley with typewriter under his arm
rushing to meet a printer's deadline.
j|'M
Ron Riter
Denis Stanley, June 1980, in the entrance to
his Arrow Lakes News.
In the early Sixties they all lived in an
old house on West Sixteenth or one
down Locarno way, raucous, work-
ethic communal housing inevitably dubbed The Bureau. Bradbury, Valpy, Ab-
lett, Horsey and Hunter — they were all
going to go from The Ubyssey and The
Vancouver Sun to the big time, Toronto,
New York, Washington, London and
Paris. Villages did not enter their purview, and they had trouble with a guy
called Burpy who wanted to go back to a
village, Nakusp, and put out a weekly that
didn't even have a thousand circulation,
cripesake.
Okay, let's fast-forward a decade and a
half. Keith Bradbury, an editor of consummate news judgment, runs the news
side of CHAN-TV; Michael Valpy of The
Sun writes with literate grace one of the
Chronicle/Autumn 1980   19 best national columns to come out of Ottawa; Dave Ablett has progressed from
The Sun to the federal bureaucracy; Mike
Horsey has passed from publishing in
Calgary to public relations in Toronto;
Mike Hunter, a fine editor lost to other
callings, pusues labor (i.e. management)
law and the doings ofthe Liberal party in
Vancouver.
Burpy? He's a publisher. Editor, too,
and every other title involved in producing a weekly community newspaper, not
even 2,000 circulatron, cripesake, The
Arrow Lakes News, Denis Edward Stanley, prop.
Denis (the "Burpy" is a childhood
nickname that stuck) was born and raised
in Nakusp, a formerly isolated Kootenay
village nestled in a crook of the Upper
Arrow Lake. From Nakusp he came and
to Nakusp he always wanted to return,
from Ryerson ('60, scholarship student,
double diploma in printing management
and journalism) through UBC (BA'64, anthropology and history) and The Ubyssey
and The Bureaux and marriage (Gail Patricia Ann Jorgenson). He had an honest,
open face and wispy blond hair. He enjoyed the cracks about his "ivy-covered
linotype" waiting in the hills, and accepted in the summer Hunter's letters that
inevitably arrived with a two-word address: Burpy, Nakusp.
After UBC, there were two years as assistant publisher ("that means joe-boy")
on the Red Deer, Alta., Advocate. "Two
years on a daily was enough for me. The
big ones are even worse. You're just a cog
in the wheel. I wanted to be my own
boss."
The visitor, a cog from a Vancouver
daily, wonders about relations with subscribers in a small community, where one
may meet the object of one's editorial attentions on the street the next day. "It can
be pretty dicey. But over the years, people
have come to respect me. With a couple of
exceptions, I've made no enemies. You
have to be fair."
Even with B.C. Hydro? "Okay, I'm always negative with Hydro. I'll give their
side, but let people know I'm against
them(Hydro)." The mild blue eyes chill.
The voice rises. "They destroyed my valley.
It was an agriculture-based, rural part of
the province. All my friends and
neighbors were forced to move."
There is the marina Nakusp was promised when the Columbia River Treaty's
Hugh Keenleyside Dam backed up the
Arrow Lakes. "Hydro has not been
known for keeping its promises or commitments. After 15 years the marina is
finally coming to fruition, because we
kept hammering at it. Hell, most of the
people they promised it to are dead."
A fair dollop of printer's ink runs in the
Stanley veins. The News is a three-
generation newspaper by virtue of grandfather A.B.S. Stanley's six months of
ownership before taking in "junior partner" A.B.S. Jr. in 1923. Art Stanley
20 Chronicle//!utumn 1980
stayed a while longer; Denis bought him
out in 1970 after a four-year "apprenticeship" that he had been building to all his
life. Burpy's brother Alan who used to
publish a paper at Kaslo, is now a printer
at Port Alberni; brother Ken publishes
the Crowsnest Clarion at Sparwood. Sister
Shelia, the apostate, lives in urban West
Vancouver and teaches school.
Ann Stanley, also ex-Ubyssey, was
found pasting up paper type in the News'
backshop, plywood easel-benches bathed
in available light streaming over the
Monashee's Pinnacle Peaks across the
lake. Son Patrick, 9, at summer holiday
play in the yard behind the print shop
(helpfully next door to his grandparents'),
showed no interest in making it a four-
generation proposition.
Nakusp is a village of 1,500, forestry-
based with tourism and mining coming on
strong. The News' trading area covers
about 4,000 people stretched 150 miles
along two mountain valleys, from
Edgewood and Slocan City in the south
nearly unto Revelstoke in the north. The
roads are paved now, cutting down on the
dust and easing the isolation, but the city
visitor remains aware that Vancouver is a
minimum of 12 hours hard driving away.
The Arrow Lakes News is housed in a
rambling one-storey, two-level structure.
The levels, connected by ramp, are 10
inches different in elevation; the visitor
couldn't find out why. Nor was there
specific information on additions to the
family shop, but the gist of it was that
several times changes were made in a
small way, and once eight years ago, in a
larger way to accommodate the conversion to electronic typesetting and offset
commercial printing. There is a proper
darkroom, but a tiny washroom is lit by an
unshaded 200-watt bulb ("It may be
small, but it sure is bright.") And, as in
real estate, location and location: half a
block down a gravel lane is the back door
of the Leland Hotel. "Let's go have a
beer." Left behind is the staff, three full-
time (one a bookkeeper, this is Small Business with its attendant needs), and three
more part-time on Mondays and Tuesdays, the deadline days.
Up the hill, by paved roads and then a
dirt lane (four-wheel-drive in winter,
please) is the Stanley-built log house.
Sunk solidly into a foothill of the Selkirk
mountain range, it is two storeys from the
back and three (with sundeck and basement) from the front. There is a small
guest cabin, and purebred springer
spaniel pups tumble winsomely in a temporary run beside the uncompleted sauna
and pool. Pool? Well, yes, apologetically,
it would have been ready by now except
the moisture-laden slope had given way,
necessitating a $2,000 concrete retaining
wall, changing "our practical little pool
into our expensive little pool."
Now the Mountain Man publisher sits
down for the formal interview, searching
for the suitable responses to the usual
How and Why questions. "I've always
been a small-town boy. Always dreamed
of giving my family an education and food
on the plate. It was pretty tight 10 years
ago, but the living is there ... there's a
good living to be made. Senator Keith
Davey said no newspaper under 2,000 circulation is (economically) viable — I've
proved him wrong, and have been doing
so for years."
A commercial is coming. The voice of
the youngest (41) president of the British
Columbia and Yukon Community Newspapers Association invites you to sit up
and take notice. Demographics and statistical analyses are bandied about, as are
household disposable income studies.
"The electronic media cut into us pretty
badly. We were the low man on the totem
pole. Now, with a more business-like approach, the strength in numbers, we're
kicking the hell out of the dailies. The ad
agencies and clients just love 'one order,
one bill', and we're working at this at the
national level" (through the Canadian
Community Newspapers Association.)
The president, eight years a BCY director, one as vice-president, two years a national director, gives his swan song at a
September convention in Richmond.
Back in The Bureau days, the cast of
characters at The Ubyssey used to go down
to College Printers to "put the paper to
bed." Well, Denis doesn't exactly put the
Arrow Lakes News to bed. At 2:30 every
Tuesday afternoon, he puts it on the bus.
Full-size negatives of his pages (usually
16) go south 90 miles to the Nelson Daily
News; at 6 a.m. Wednesday, 1,800 or so
newspapers come back on the job printer's
truck. There to meet it is the editor and
publisher, who causes about 1,000 papers
to be addressed and dropped off at the
post office and the rest to go to carriers
and local news-stands.
Now all of this sounds pretty quaint,
eh? Old Burpy the ivy-covered Mountain
Man, and all that? Do not be misled —
here is a man with two formal degrees and
several in more practical fields: family,
log-house building, wiring, stovepipe and
concrete. Not to mention photography,
computer technology, public relations
and finance. Here is a man who knew
what he wanted to do and set out to do it.
And (how many of the class of '64 can say
this?) damn well did so. □
Ron Riter is deputy news editor of The Vancouver Sun. He attended UBC until 1966,
and was, among other things, columnist and
news editor on The Ubyssey. Among Denis
Stanley's UBC compatriots in the weekly
newspaper game are Daphne Gray-Grant,
editor of The Western News and her father
Dennis, the publisher and UBC's foremost
Sasquatch hunter, John Green, for many
years editor-publisher of The Agassiz-
Harrison Advance. Cec Hacker retired last
year as publisher of The Abbotsford News.
If there are more of you out there, The
Chronicle will be pleased to hear from you. News
The Vancouver Institute:
Season 65
The Vancouver Instirute is celebrating 65 years
of service to the campus and rhe Vancouver
community with an outstanding list of speakers
on its fall schedule. His Holiness, The Dalai
Lama of Tibet and playwright and author,
Tennessee Williams are two of the "headlin-
ers" in the series of free evening lectures.
The schedule begins Sept. 27 when Gordon
Robertson, president of the Institute for Research on Public Policy explores "Canada:
Constitutional Crossroads;" Oct. 4, Engineering professor Frank Kreith, chief of the thermal conversion branch of the Solar Energy Research Institute in Golden, Colorado will shed
light on "Solar Energy: Promise and Reality;"
Oct. 11, "Readings and Discourse" from Tennessee Williams who will be visiting UBC as
Distinguished Writer in Residence; Stanley
Coren, UBC psychologist, will offer a lecture-
demonstration, Oct. 18, on the psychology of
visual illusions. One of his books is Seeing is
Deceiving. The Dalai Lama will speak on "The
Buddhist View of Reality" and answer questions at a special Thursday evening lecture (7
p.m.), Oct. 23. "You and the New Genetics"
come under the microscope of Charles Scriver,
professor of paediatrics, genetics and biology at
McGill and director of biomedical genetics at
Montreal Children's Hospital, Oct. 25; Professor of English at Cornell university, M.H. Ab-
rams will discuss "The Radical Ambiguity of
William Blake," Nov. 1. Abrams will be visiting
the campus as a Cecil and Ida Green Lecturer;
Nov. 8, UBC graduate, Julia Levy whose work
on immunological screening methods for
cancer detection is receiving international attention will speak on the early detection of
cancer by use of blood tests.
Ever feel that computers will one day rule the
world? Paul Gilmore, head of UBC computer
(From the top..)
New developments on the Vancouver waterfront
were inspected - via a harbour cruise by some of
those attending the Class of'30 reunion, including
William Thornber (right).... Later a sumptuous
buffet awaited the class at the faculty club. ...It
was a time for reminiscences at the Class of '25
reunion reception. Ken Caple (centre) former
chancellor of Simon Fraser University was
among the participants.... Fifteen soggy sailors
took to the boats for the Young Alumni Club
sailing tnp, part of YACs summer activities
program. A $/5 membership in YAC gives
members Thursday and Friday social evenings (8
pm to lam) at Cecil Green Park and a wide
variety of other programs. For information call
228-3313.
Chronicle//!-rumn 1980  21 A ccessibility to university education, tuition
fees and admissions standards were among
the topics discussed when the alumni
advocacy committee met with members of
the B.C. legislature in May. (Top) Rosemary
Brown. BSW62, MSW67, MLA for
Burnaby Edmonds, chats with association
executive director. Peter Jones while (above)
Peggy Ross, who chairs the advocacy
committee discusses a point with WiUiam
Ritchie, MLA, Central Fraser Valley. (Left)
Robert Skelly. BA'68. MLA. Alberni and
Stuart Leggatt. BA'55. LLB'54, MLA,
Coquitlam (right) attended the afternoon
reception. Other members of the alumni
delegation were past president, George Plant,
president, An Stevenson, Alida Moonen, a
student senator and Erich Vogt,  UBC
vice-president for faculty and student affairs.
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science will have a look at where computers are
going, Nov. 15; A combination of art and science is the topic of Anthony S. Arrot's talk,
Nov. 22, "Pattern and Rhythmn in Physics and
Art." He is head of physics at Simon Fraser
University; Not. 29, the final speaker in the fall
series is J.G. Souther, ofthe Geological Survey
of Canada, an expert in volcanology and geoth-
ermal energy, who'll look at the "Volcanoes
Around Us."
There is an open invitation for you to attend
these lectures and to become a member of the
institute. The fee is modest — $10 per person,
$15 for family membership or $2 for students
— and is used to defray the costs of publicity
and printing. Everyone involved with the institute program, from the organizing committee
to the speakers, is a volunteer. For a brochure
detailing the fall season and a membership application contact the UBC information office,
2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver V6T 1W5
(228-3131). All the Saturday lectures begin at
8:15 p.m. in the Woodward Instructional Resources Centre.
Something to Celebrate:
Reunions for '25 and '30
Months of planning, meetings and letter writing resulted in the Class of '25 celebration of
the 55th anniversary of its graduation. The
committee chaired by Bert Smith, planned a
weekend (June 21-22) of a dinner, a picnic, a
tour and lots of time for reminiscences. Class
reunion reporter Janet Mitchell notes that the
events fulfilled "most satisfactorily the purpose
of the '25 reunion — the last class to complete
its studies in the old Fairview Shacks." Approximately 50 class members, their spouses
and guests were at the faculty club dinner.
Guest speakers were UBC president Doug
Kenny, Fred Soward, Beatrice Johnson Wood
and Elsie Rilance Pain. Three faculty members
from 55 years ago were also special guests —
Harry Warren, Henry Angus and Malcolm
Knapp. The class gift was presented to the
Walter Gage Memorial Fund as a "tribute to
Walter Gage,a distinguished member of '25."
Saturday the group visited the Bowen Island
home of Eddie and Jessie Eades for a picnic. "It
was a time of happy reunion for all."
It was a golden anniversary celebration for
the Class of '30, the weekend of June 13-14.
Over 100 classmates, spouses and guests participated in the festivities which included a
campus tour, a luncheon and reception, a harbor cruise and the class dinner at the faculty
club. Applied Science '30 held its traditional
"stag" banquet on the Friday evening and Wilton (Mac) McKeown, a geological engineer,
who left for Africa before the graduation ceremony 50 years ago, was finally presented —
with due ceremony and to his great surprise —
with his diploma and hood. He has spent his
career in various parts of Africa and is now
retired in Cape Town.
The Case of the Missing
Alumni: Solved
Reg Anderson, BASc'48, where are you?
Not long ago the alumni records department
received a Chronicle that had been sent to Reg in
Abadan, Iran. The cover had various notes in
Persian script and translation, "Left Iran,"
"Gone away, No further address." It appeared,
22 Chronicle/A utumn 1980 HOMECOMING '80
October 25,1980.
FRIDAY, October 24
Football Game:
(J. of Sask. Huskies vs. UBC Thunderbirds,
Thunderbird Stadium, 7:30 pm, $2.00 at the gate.
SATURDAY, October 25
Classes of '35, '40, '45, '50, '55 & '60
Cocktails: 6:30 p.m. Commodore Ballroom
Dinner: 7:30 p.m.
Dancing: 9:00 p.m.
—Mart Kenney & his "Western
Gentlemen"
Price: $20.00
Classes of '65 & '70
Cocktails: 8:00 p.m., Cecil Green Park
Dancing: 9:00 p.m.
Supper: 11:00 p.m.
Price: $15.00
Open House
1:00 p.m. - 5:00 p.m. at Cecil Green Park
for all Reunion classes.
Tours of the (JBC Museum of Anthropology.
Meet in the lobby, 2:30 p.m. and 3:30 p.m.
Campus Bus Tours, Leaving from Cecil Green
Park at 2:00 p.m., 3:00 p.m. and 4:00 p.m.
HOMECOMING '80 TICKET ORDER FORM
Classes of '35, '40, '45, '50, '55 & '60
Please send me ticket(s) for my class reunion on Saturday, October 25,1980 a the Commodore
Ballroom. I enclose a cheque payable to the UBC Alumni Association in the amount of $	
Tickets for this event are $20/person.
Classes of 65 &'70
Please send me ticket(s) for my class reunion on Saturday, October 25,1980 at Cecil Green Park.
enclose a cheque in the amount of $ , payable to the UBC Alumni Association.
Tickets for this event are $ 15.00/person.
NAME:
(Class & Faculty)
ADDRESS:
Postal Code:
Reply before October 15,1980.
Chronicle/Autumn 1980 23 A new campaign year is coming up for the Alumni Fund. Grant Burnyeat (left) head of the fund
committee goes over the schedule with the recently-appointed fund director, J .J. (Jack) Range, (see
story below)
at first glance, that despite domestic politics the
Iranian post office was still at work, with
reasonable efficiency. Then the envelope was
opened. It was the Fall '76 issue of the
magazine.
So Reg would have been made "unknown" in
our records. With 90,000 names to look after on
our files it might have been a while until our
two-member staff had a chance to search for
him. When you move or change your name,
don't become an "unknown," give them a
hand, let them know. Changes are processed on
a weekly basis. The computer up-dating takes a
little longer. It is very possible that you will will
receive mail using your old name at your old
address even after we have been notified because a set of lables may have been run before
your change was entered on the computer file
— not because we haven't responded to your
request
N.B. The triennial elections for chancellor
and convocation members of senate are coming
up at the end of the year. The university needs
to have your current address to send you a
ballot. The alumni association maintains the
convocation roll for the university — so send
address and name changes to Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver B.C.
V6T 1X8.
Actually we know where Reg Anderson is.
The Netherlands. He let us know.
Range Appointed As
Alumni Fund Director
John J. Range has been appointed to direct the
fund-raising programs of the association.
He succeeds Dale T. Alexander, former director of the Alumni Fund, who resigned in
June.
Range, a graduate of St. Mary's University,
Texas, and St. Meinrad College, School of
Theology, Indiana, brings to the alumni association an extensive background in educational
fund-raising and public relations. He was associate director of development and public relations for St. Meinrad College from 1969 until
moving to Vancouver in 1979.
Earlier in his career, and following service in
the U.S. Army as a translator, he was involved
in the insurance and investment fields.
He is married to Kathie Elliot Range,
MD'63.
In the Branches:
Toronto Alumni Dinner
UBC is coming to Toronto! Alumni and
friends of the university have been invited to
attend a UBC dinner Monday, September 29 at
Lawson Oate
"aTl-make leasing holds the key.^
to personalized service, good lease
advice and the right leasing price!!
Call Maurice Hamlin today
for your lease requirements.
idea/ease
24 Chronicle/Aurumn 1980
ALL MAKES
CAR LEASING
does not have to
be dull!
«89
the University of Toronto Faculty Club, 47
Willcocks Street. UBC chancellor J.V. Clyne
will chair the dinner and Doug Kenny, the
university president, will be the guest speaker.
A no-host social hour precedes the 7 p.m. dinner. Tickets are $20/person. Early reservations
are advised as space is limited. For information
in Toronto call Gary Moore, 863-3500 (o) or
762-0537 (h)....Ottawa executive members
Randy Yip and Bruce de-L Harwood are busy
surveying local alumni to find out preferences
for future events. They look forward to receiving lots of completed questionnaires.
This is advance notice for B.C. branches
from Chilliwack, to the Okanagan and Kamloops. The University Singers, a superb choir,
will be touring these communities under association sponsorship in January '81. Next May
Kamloops will also be the site of the university
board of governors meeting and alumni dinner
and a UBC Mini-Open House with displays and
special visitors from the campus.
Further afield the Los Angeles and San
Francisco branches are planning fall events.
Details will be dispatched from the alumni office.
Big Nick's Intramural
Reunion Daze
Good times, memories and old-fashioned fun
are on the schedule for the first-ever UBC Intramural Reunion.
"Big Nick" (Nestor Korchinsky) and the
1980 Intramural gang have extended an invitation to all previous Intramural administrators
(directors, associate directors, sport unit managers, referees, etc.) to attend a weekend of
fun, February 6 - 8, 1981. Of course, families
and friends are welcome.
Reunion headquarters is the comfortable
Coach House Inn in North Vancouver where
the group will be staying. There will be a wide
variety of events for moms, dads and the kids.
A re-acquaintance party is planned for Friday
evening to renew friendships and exchange
misty recollections of those wild and crazy
campus days with Nestor K (Yes, he's still wild
and crazy — and he's not getting any shorter),
while the children will have their own program,
planned and supervised by one of the campus
staff.
Saturday offers a chance to participate in a
UBC Intramural special event. Grouse Mountain has been reserved (with an early order for
snow) for the First Annual Grouse Mountain
Giant Slalom Ski Challenge. A large turnout of
UBC student competitors is expected. Join
them for fun and laughs in the novice, intermediate and advanced ski runs.
In the evening enjoy a hot buffet dinner and
savor the fabulous view from the Grouse Mountain Restaurant. The children will be involved
in their own apres-ski events while you can look
forward to door prizes, award ceremonies, a
peek at your own skiing performance on video
tapes, and dancing the night away.
On Sunday morning there will be a farewell
brunch. We promise not to let another 10 years
pass before the next reunion extravaganza.
Great athletic ability is not required for this
Intramural event, nor will you have to pass a
physical to compete. Just bring your family and
friends and be prepared for a great weekend.
To register for the reunion — and reserve
your place at the starting gate — send your
name, address and phone number to Joanie Pilcher, 1981 UBC Intramural Reunion, War
Memorial Gym, 2075 Wesbrook Mall, UBC,
Vancouver, V6T 1W5. Please indicate the
number and ages of children attending. Accommodation at The Coach House Inn can be
booked through the reunion committee at the
special rate of $27 single, and $33 double. Children's cots are $4 each. Please note if your
reservation is for one or two nights and the total
number of people in your party. The full
weekend package of activities — the Friday
evening social, ski lift ticket, the competition,
the dinner and dance, and the Sunday brunch is
only $38 per person. Without the Friday event
the cost is reduced to $29. Reservations must be
accompanied by a 15 per cent deposit and received by the Intramural office by Dec. 31,
1980 (cheques payable to UBC). For more information contact Nestor Korchinsky at 228-
2401.
Alumni Miscellany
Upton and Binning Memorials
A memorial fund has been established in
honor of history professor Leslie Upton who
died suddenly this spring. "His passing was a
great loss not only to his friends and colleagues
but also to the profession and to generations of
students to come," said Robert Kubicek, head
of the history department. Plans are to award a
prize or bursary from the memorial fund to an
outstanding UBC history student. Gifts to the
Upton Memorial Fund may be made through
the UBC Alumni Fund, 6251 Cecil Green Park
Road, Vancouver B.C. V6T 1X8. Please indi
cate "Upton Memorial Fund" on your donation. Official receipts will be issued for tax
purposes.... Another memorial fund has already reached its objective. The B.C. Binning
Memorial Fellowship Fund has reached its
target of $50,000. The campaign, which began
in February, received a "seed" gift of $27,000
from Mrs. Jessie Binning and an anonymous
donor. Other contributions were given by
alumni, former students, colleagues, companies and foundations. The organizing committee, headed by Geoff Andrew, has decided
to leave the fund open for any future contributions. The first Binning fellowship for a student
entering the graduate program in studio work
in fine arts will be awarded this fall.
Scribble, scribble...
Have typewriter; will write. If that description
fits you, you may be just what the Chronicle is
looking for.
We'd like to hear from prospective contributors, writers willing to undertake freelance assignments for the Chronicle, who live in
the far-flung reaches of the alumni globe. For
that matter we'd be happy to make the acquaintance of those living in Richmond and North
Vancouver, too. So, if the exotic life of a foreign
correspondent appeals, send us a brief dispatch.
Seeing stars?
Lionel Thomas, noted artist and member ofthe
fine arts faculty, is exhibiting his new works on
the east and west coasts of the U. S. this fall. His
show at the Museum of Science and Industry,
Portland, Oregon, runs until December. Two
other exhibitions of his work open in New York
in October, at the American Museum and the
Hayden Planetarium (Oct. 1) and the Gallery
International (Oct. 3). Thomas recently completed spectacular illustrations for a new book
on the constellations prepared in collaboration
with UBC astronomer Michael Ovenden.
Tick-tock, tick-tock
As time goes by .... The alumni office has
been receiving inquiries regarding the availability of the UBC watch, which was offered to
alumni last spring. At present there is a limited
number of the watches still available. If you
neglected to order your watch by the deadline,
and still wish to make a purchase contact the
alumni office, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C. V6T 1X8 and we will inquire if
the model you wish is still available. The man's
wristwatch and the woman's pendant watch are
priced at $275 and the pocket watch, $295.
Sheila Egoff Honored
The University of Toronto library science
alumni have honored Sheila Egoff, one of the
original members of the UBC librarianship faculty for her work in the field of children's
literature. The Alumni Jubilee Award was presented to her at the Canadian Library Association conference in June in Vancouver. The conference was also the scene of a UBC librarian-
ship reunion with over 150 grads attending the
reception. There were representatives from
every province, and by all accounts a fine time
was had by everyone, with all manner of reference questions asked and answered.
W YORKSHIRE
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J.R. Longstaffe BA '57 LLB '58 - Chairman
G.A. McGavin B. Comm. '60 - President
I.H. Stewart BA '57 LLB'60 ■ Director
A.G. Armstrong LLB '59 ■ Director
W.R. Wyman B. Comm. '56 - Director
J.CM. Scott BA '47 B.Comm. '47 - General Insurance
P.L. Hazell B. Comm. '60 ■ Manager, Information Systems
J. Dixon B. Comm. '58 - Claims Manager
D.B. Mussenden B. Comm. 76 - Manager Property Dept.
T.W.Q. Sam B. Comm. '72 - Internal Auditor
E. DeMarchi B. Comm. 76 - Mortgage Underwriter
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737 Fort St. Victoria 384-0514
121 8th Ave. S.W. Calgary 265-0455
Oxford Tower, Edmonton Centre, Edmonton 428-8811
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Chronicle/Aummn 1980 25 Spotlight
20s & 30s
Hugh L. Keenleyside, BA'20, LLD'45,
former Canadian ambassador to Mexico, is
chairing the campaign to raise $500,000 for the
new school of journalism and communications
at the University of Regina....James A. Gibson, BA'31, (MLitt, DPhil, MA, Oxon; LLD,
Carleton), president emeritus of Brock University, has been awarded the prestigious Jules and
Gabrielle Leger Fellowship for 1980. The grant
is designed to provide for "research and writing
on the history, role and functions of the Crown
and the governor general in a parliamentary
democracy." Over the past 45 years, Gibson
has written and spoken about the careers of
many of the Crown's representatives....Attached to a voluntary subscription for the
Chronicle comes a note from Philip A.P. Brown,
BA'37, BASc'38, who is now enjoying the various pastimes of retirement in Dorset, England.
Until 1978 he was chief assistant engineer with
the London borough of Camden and a few
years ago he received a University of London
diploma in transport studies. He extends a
warm welcome to any alumnus who happens to
be in the area.
40s
Two UBC alumni have received awards from
the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy. President of Newmont Mines Limited,
J. Harvey Parliament, BASc'45, has been
awarded the Inco medal for "distinguished service to the Canadian mineral industry." The
third winner of the A.O. Dufresne Award is
Walter Holyk, BASc'49, (PhD, MIT). This
honor was made in recognition of Holyk's imaginative skills and expertise in economic geology. Formerly senior vice-president of Texasgulf, Holyk is now retired....Canada has increased its territorial possessions with the addition of a new island off the north coast of Newfoundland. The island, named Landsat Island
after the satellite that enabled cartographer,
Elizabeth A. Booth Fleming, BA'47, to make
the discovery, measures 25-by-45 metres and is
located 13 kilometres east of Holme Island.
With the assistance of such satellites, 60 per
cent of Canada has now been mapped to a scale
of one to 50,000. Fleming is confident that the
entire job will be complete by the end of the
century.
"There's a bit of smart ass in me. Everybody
has weapons to deal with life, and I think I try
26 Chronicle/Autumn 1980
Anne Petrie
How do you interview an interviewer?
Especially one who makes it sound so
easy, two hours a day, five days a
week, for most of the year. For the past five
years, Anne Petrie has been co-host of Vancouver CBC Radio's afternoon program
"Three's Company."
Referred to by some listeners as the
"Barbara Frum of the West," she would
accept the comparison as a compliment —
but with reservations. She has her own personal purpose, her own ego and her own
style to project and protect. "A combo-
clone" is how she describes her ideal self.
The combo is made up of (not necessarily
equal parts) Jack Webster, "my absolute
hero: the perfect marriage of show-biz and
information," Patrick Watson, Frum and
Barry Clark.
"Three's Company's" mandate, to entertain and inform, is taken very seriously by
Petrie who applies it not only to her audience, but to herself as well. "I adore the
interview. I love making eye contact with
the person; and I have finally learned to
listen." Listening, she claims, is the key to
the perfect interview. "The fatal mistake is
to think about yourself. My job is to make
the person interviewed sound interesting
and if I shine as a result — that's good."
Concentrating, listening and observing
are themes common to everything she says
about herself. A voracious investigator of
the world around her, she had "only a radio
for company" when she moved to Vancouver from Ontario in 1967. After an initial year at Carleton University in journalism, she wanted a change. Thinking Roy
Daniells was "the only Canadian poet" and
with a vision of UBC as all Roy Daniells and
tweed, she moved west. A BA in 1968 was
followed by an MA in 1973. Two years were
spent teaching first year English at UBC
during the writing of her thesis.
But Anne, a self-confessed over-achiever
and show-off still hadn't found her niche.
The radio she kept for company introduced
her to the CBC. "I had never listened to the
CBC before and I was amazed at the prog
rams. 'Concerns,' 'Ideas' — I didn't know
there were such things like that and I decided to work for the CBC." It was while
helping organize the Women's Studies
Program at UBC in 1971 (a successful endeavor that expected 50 participants at the
first lecture, but got 1500) that she first
heard of freelancing for the CBC. She began
trying to sell documentaries. The going was
slow. "I set myself an eight-month deadline
to see if I could do it."
Eventually, the documentaries began to
sell and in 1973 she found herself "filling
in" on "Good Morning Radio" as researcher
and story editor. Finally, in 1975 she was
given the choice of producing the show or
taking on co-host responsibilities with
"Three's Company." She chose the latter
because "it was what I really wanted to do,
although on-air work wasn't what I was best
at."
"I was terrible the first few times," recalls
Petrie, "I was thinking of myself all the
time." Soon she developed her successful
technique and began to "shine." She does
very little to prepare for the interview. "I
try to keep myself clear because the person
may change me at any point. I think really
hard at what I must be doing for the next ten
minutes.. .What is the one thing that I really
want to know. And then I listen — really,
really hard." In pan, this technique grew
out of necessity. There is a staff of only
three for the program and time is extremely
limited. "I work straight through from 9
a.m. to 4 p.m. when I have a tremendous
"rush" before the show. From 6 p.m. to
6:15 (after the program) I worry. And then I
shut it off. I go home and read but I don't
think about the show until the next morning."
Petrie's favorite interviews were both
aired last season, which probably says
something about older and better. One was
with one of the "boat people" who had recently arrived in Vancouver. His loss of
family during the voyage could have caused
many an interviewer to weep openly into
the mike. "No easy sympathy," says Petrie,
"you do your best interview when you don't
get involved." The man was allowed to tell
his own touching story and was the centre of
attention. "I hit just the right note; I didn't
indulge myself and I asked simple, clean,
clear questions." This technique paid off in
her second favorite interview with William
Kashtan, leader of the Communist Party of
Canada, who was invited to comment on the
Russian invasion of Afganistan. Petrie said
very little and remained aloof while being
accused of being all things from a CIA agent
to a bad Canadian. Kashtan went on "to
hang himself." "Show-biz," says Petrie.
"You can't let it become just pure information . You have to retain the aura of show-biz
or the people will quit listening."
The future for Anne Petrie? Definitely
another season with "Three's Company"
and also a sixth day of work now that she
will be taking on pan-time host duties with
Bob Switzer's "Sunday Magazine" on
CBC-TV. But beyond that...not another
five years with "Three's Company." "I love
it, but I am really eclectic. I'll have to look
about to see what's going to keep me going.
When you think you are doing well, it's
time to start thinking about doing better."
-CJM J. Harvey Parliament, BASc'45
to use humor," says Harry D. Boyle, BA'48,
LLB'70, newspaperman, family man and now
judge in the challenging Vancouver Family
Court. Tales of the extent of Boyle's humor
began when he purchased the Whitehorse Star in
1954 and continued through his editorship of
the Prince George Citizen. At the age of 40 he
entered law school from where more tall tales
originated, and today, humor and compassion
govern the decisions he hands down... .Former
executive director of the alumni association,
Harry J. Franklin, BA'49, has re-entered the
public relations business and is now vice-
president and managing director of Western
Pacific Communications Consultants, Inc. His
office is located in Gastown, Vancouver
.... Managing director of a new company in
Canada, the KabiVitrum Group, is John G.
Holland, BA'49, who brings to his new job a
broad background in marketing, technical and
general management in the health care, diagnostic and chemical fields.
50s
Bernice Levitz Packford, BA'51, is another
victim of the strange and mysterious force of
bureaucracy. At 65 she was compulsorily retired as head of the B.C. ministry of human
resources' parent encouragement program and
for a nominal one dollar a year, she has become
the first director of the B.C. Council for the
Family, capital region branch. It seems, however, that no one is quite sure where the money
is coming from to pay for a new office. Un-
Walter Holyk, BASc'49
daunted, Packford, a social worker by vocation
and the mother of every child in Greater Victoria by heart, leaves behind her 21 years of
fostering and prepares for a new career One
of seven University of Michigan faculty members to receive the honor, Raymond E. Counsel!, BSP'53, professor of medicinal chemistry
and pharmacology, has been elected a Fellow of
the American Association for the Advancement
of Science.
Public awareness will take a high priority
now that Bob G. Hindmarch, BPE'56, is director of UBC's athletic and sports services. He
succeeds the retiring R.J. (Bus) Phillips, who
held the position for most of his 27-year association with the campus. Hindmarch has spent 20
years coaching UBC's hockey and football
squads and in 1964 was the manager of the
Canadian Olympic hockey team In the
Canadian real estate world, Robert H. Lee,
BCom'56, is considered the superstar of the
West. He has sold about $500 million worth of
property in Victoria, Vancouver and Edmonton in the past 10 years. After averaging a staggering $50 million a year, he now wants to take
it easy. "I want to spend more time with my
family," says Lee....One of two professors to
receive the outstanding achievement award of
the Ontario Association of Professional Social
Workers is Harry L. Penny, BA'56, BSW'56,
MSW'57, who has been director of the school
of social work at McMaster University since
1968. Penny has written and lectured on corrections, social planning and social work education.
The Rev. Thomas Anthony, BA'58, was
among 53 clergymen arrested by riot police in
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UBC ALUMNI
ASSOCIATION
BOARD OF MANAGEMENT
1980-81
Honorary President: Dr. Douglas T. Kenny, BA'45,
MA'47
Executive
President: W.A. (Art) Stevenson, BASc'66; Vice-
President: Robert J Smith, BCom'68, MBA'71; Treasurer: Barbara Mitchell Vitols, BA'61; Chair, Alumni
Fund: Grant D. Burnyeat, LLB'73; Chair, Communications. Harold N. Halvorson. BA'55, MSc'56, PhD'66;
Chair, Programmes: Margaret Sampson Burr,
BMus'64; Chair, University Advocacy: Peggy LE. And-
reen Ross, MD'58.
Members-at-large (1979-81)
Robert Angus, BSc'71; William S. Armstrong, BCom'58,
LLB'59; Grant D. Burnyeat, LLB'73; Margaret Sampson
Burr, BMus'64; Jo Ann Hinchliffe, BA'74; Robert F. Osborne, BA'33, BEd'48; Peggy LE. Andreen Ross,
MD'58; Barry Sleigh BASc'44.
Members-at-large (1980-82)
Douglas J. Aldridge, BASc'74; Virginia Galloway
Beirnes, BA'40, LLB'49; Susan D. Danniells, BA'72,
LLB'75; Harold N. Halvorson, BA'55, MSc'56, PhD'66;
Josephine Mary Hannay, RN, MSc'76; Alison E. MacLennan, LLB'76; Michael A. Partridge, BCom'59; David
Richardson, BCom'71; Oscar Sziklai, (BSF, Sopron,
Hungary), MF'61, PhD'64; Nancy E. Woo, BA'69.
Division Representatives
Applied Sciences: Joanne Ricci, BSN'75, MSN'77;
Arts: Bradley J. Lockner, MLS'77; Commerce and Business Administration: John R. Henderson, BCom'77;
Dentistry: Diane S. Slinn, DDHY'79; Forestry: Robin L.
Caesar, BSF'50; Graduate Studies: Elaine Polglase,
BSP'56, MSC79.
Alma Mater Society Representative
Bruce Armstrong, President
Faculty Association Representative
Dr. A. Jean Elder, President
Convocation Senators' Representative
To be elected.
COMMITTEE CHAIRS:
Alumni Fund: Grant D. Burnyeat, LLB'73; Allocations:
William S. Armstrong, BCom'58, LLB'59; Scholarships
_ Bursaries: E. Roland Pierrot, BCom'63, LLB'64;
Awards: Paul L. Hazell, BCom'60; Branches: Jo Ann
Hinchliffe, BA'74; Communications: Harold N, Halvorson, BA'55, MSc'56, PhD'66; Divisions: Michael A. Partridge, BCom'59; Editorial: Nancy E. Woo, BA'69; finance: Barbara Mitchell Vitols, BA'61; Nominations:
Robert J, Smith, BCom'68, MBA'71; Reunions: Paul L
Hazell, BCom'60; Speakers Bureau: Dr. Oscar Sziklai
(BSF, Sopron, Hungary), MF'61, PhD'64; Squash:
Robert A. Forrest, BCom'73; Student Affairs: Douglas J
Aldridge, BASc'74; Young Alumni Club: Robert R
Peterman, BSc'71.
ALUMNI     ATHLETIC
REPRESENTATIVES
Mens Athletics: Norman R. Thomas, BA'66, MPE'68
Women's Athletics: Heather Mitton, BEd'75
Chronicle/Autumn 1980 27 Ashley Coopland, MD'58
Johannesburg earlier this spring. The churchmen were arrested ior protesting the detention
of a fellow cleric who was supporting the
nationwide classroom boycott. Reverend Anthony, released on his own recognizance, was
part of a visiting delegation from Canada and is
the Anglican Church of Canada's director of
national and overseas missions....Ashley T.
Coopland, MD'58 has been appointed director
of obstetrics and gynecology at the Waterbuiy
Hospital Health Center and also clinical associate professor of obstetrics and gynecology
at Yale University school of medicine. He now
lives in Woodbury, Connecticut....Still searching for a publisher for his book. Norm A. Gillies, BA'58, BSW'61, is also writing for the
general public and for the profession on a subject he has been researching for the past  15
years — counter conditioning therapy. The
Chronicle apologizes for misquoting the title of
his soon-to-be-published work in a previous
issue, and repeats it here in the hope that it will
catch a publisher's eye; Zap You Are Not Dead
or How lo be Your Own Psychotherapist... .Although she is the first woman to be elected
president of the B.C. branch of the Canadian
Bar Association, Marlene James Scott.
LLB'59, insists that sex makes no difference
for the job, "It's just a question of whether you
can d'o the job properly." The New Westminster lav.-yer did note, however, that there were
only two women in her class at UBC and today
about 30 per cent of those entering the profession are women.
60s
Dennis W. Tirnmis is president of Sandwell
and Company Limited and not, as the Chronicle
erroneously printed in the last issue, the new
president of Forestal International Limited, a
member of the Sandwell group. Donald W.
Laishley, BSF'60, was appointed president of
Forestal in February, 1980. He joined Forestal
in 1969 and was named vice-president in 1970
and executive vice-president in 1978....Now-
living in Dayton, Ohio, Ann-Shirley Gordon
Goodeli, BSN'60, is clinical nurse specialist in
pediatric oncology at Children's Medical
Center in that city....The new head of the advisory committee for the Western Canadian
Universities Marine Biological Society is Murray A. Newman, PhD'60. WCUMBS operates
the Bamfield Marine Station on the west coast
of Vancouver Island. Newman was invested as
a member of the Order of Canada in October,
1979, for his work at the Vancouver Public
Aquarium....Fred Fletcher, BA'63, ;PhD,
Duke), has been named research development
officer, faculty of arts, York University, Toronto, where he is also associate professor and
director of the graduate program in political
science.
The University of Manitoba's department of
chemistry has a new head, Bryan R. Henry,
BSc'63. A specialist in molecular spectroscopy,
he joined the department in 1969...Peter W.
Herke, BASc'63. has been appointed European microcorriputer product line manager for
Digital Equipment Corporation. He has relocated from Massachusetts to Maidenhead. F.ng-
land. ...Gordon H. Wood, BASc'63,
MASc'65, PhD'69. has been appointed manager, numeric data bases with the Canada Institute for Scientific and Technical Information.
He is responsible for planning, implementing
and managing an effective scientific and technical numeric data base system for Canada. For
the past 10 years he has worked in the electricity section of the division ot physics, National
Research Council.
A year of capital campaigning, major renovations and program expansion is ahead lor
Susan R. Elliot Witter. BPE'65, MEd'79, recently elected president of the Vancouver
YWCA....The newly-established School of
Chartered Accountancy has. as its first principal, Donald G.A. Carter, BCom'66, (PhD,
Berkeley). He has been a university professor
for the past 14 years, most recently at the University of Manitoba. He became a member of
the  Institute  of  Chartered  Accountants  of
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PHONE (604) 224-2344
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Reading
for
pleasure
is the
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your own
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ubc bookstore
on the campus
228-4741
28 Chronicle/A utumn 1980 British Columbia in 1966....Two alumni are
climbing the ladder of success within the Manitoba division of Inco Metals Company. Robert
T. Hamson, MSc'67, who began work for the
company in 1967 as a metallurgical assistant is
now supervisor of refinery process and
technology. Philip G. Claridge, BASc'71, has
been appointed supervisor of the company's
Thompson process technology department. He
joined Inco as a project assistant in the
Thompson  Mill  in   1971 John  Mohler,
BASc'67, has been named plant manager with
Electrolux Canada, Brockville, Ontario. He
joined the company in 1975.
A letter-full of news, spanning more than
eight years, brings Chronicle readers up to date
on Linda J. Amundson Mather, BScA'69,
since her marriage to John P. Mather,
BScA'72. The Mathers moved to North Vancouver in 1974 in order for Linda to manage
Maplewood Children's Farm for the District of
North Vancouver's parks department and
where John is involved in the excavating business. Son Kenneth James arrived earlier this
year (see births) and the family is planning to
move to their recently-purchased farm on
Denman Island, B.C. There, they will be raising sheep and mixed livestock....Ross D.E.
MacPhee, BA'69, (PhD, Alberta), is now an
assistant professor in the department of
anatomy, school of medicine, Duke University. Prior to this appointment, he taught anthropology at the University of Manitoba.
70s
Okanagan College has a new director of learning resource services. Garth Jas. F. Homer,
BLS'70, MLS'75, (BA, Victoria), brings to the
job experience in this area from Douglas College and Grant MacEwan College. In addition,
he lectured at the college of librarianship, University of Wales...Paul A. Crowder, BASc'71,
and his brother Peter are in the dish business.
Unlike those you will find on the dining room
table, their dishes are found on cold mountain
tops in remote regions of British Columbia and
the Canadian North and are successfully capturing the T.V. signals sent to earth from orbit-
ting satellites. In 1978-79, Crowder Communications experienced a 60 per cent increase in
sales and a 200 per cent sales leap is forecast for
1980-81....Victoria lawyer, Robert W. Metz-
ger, LLB'73, has been named to the B.C. provincial court bench. He will begin his duties in
Courtenay.
After four years as district agriculturist at
Provost and Three Hills, Alberta, and six
months as senior district agriculturist at Provost, Brian T. Laing, BScA'74, is now district
agriculturist at the Creston office of the B.C.
ministry of agriculture. He will execute ministry programs and provide extension services on
crop/livestock production and farm business
management....David H. Mattison, MFA'74,
MLS'78, is the recipient of a Canada Council
explorations grant to complete a manuscript on
the life of early Vancouver photographer C.S.
Bailey (1868-1896). Persons with photographs
by, or knowledge of, Bailey and his older
brother, William, can contact Mattison c/o
Visual Records Division, Provincial Archives
of B.C., Parliament Buildings, Victoria V8V
lX4....Linnea Gibbs, MLS'76, has left behind her humble beginnings in the Chronicle
office where, several years ago, as a UBC student she was responsible for the filing and in
dexing of all Chronicle material. She is now head
of the new Cameron branch of the Burnaby
Public Library.
Weddings
Andersen-Stoney. I. Keith Andersen,
BCom'69, to Lynn Adele Stoney, August 30,
1980 in Prince George, B.C.Lott-Jackson.
Christopher S. Lott, LLB'74, to S. Lynne
Jackson, BEd'71, April 5, 1980 in Sidney,
B.C.Moore-Fraser. Edward Alan Moore,
BCom'80, to Catherine L. Fraser, BSc'75,
June 14, 1980 in Vancouver, B.C.
Births
Mr. & Mrs. Charles L. Bradish, BSc'73,
(Andra H. McLean Bradish, BA'73), a daughter, Carrie Lynn, March 25, 1980 in Vancouver, B.C....Dr. & Mrs. Fred Fletcher,
BA'63, (PhD, Duke), a son, Frederick Lee,
May 21, 1980 in Toronto, Ontario....Mr. &
Mrs. Brian A. Hanson, BCom'70, LLB'71,
(Linda A. Blackman, BA'70), a daughter, Kel-
vie Karen Bridgit, February 18, 1980 in North
Vancouver, B.C....Mr. & Mrs. Lachlan J.W.
McKinnon, BSc'78, a son, Cameron William
Lachlan, March 31, 1980 in Prince Rupert,
B.C....Mr. & Mrs. Stephen Paul Lackey,
(Janet L. Moody, BA'68, MA'74), a daughter,
Emily Louise, June 14, 1979 in Nanaimo,
B.C....Mr. & Mrs. John P. Mather, BScA'72,
(Linda J. Amundson Mather, BScA'69), a son,
Kenneth James, January 22,  1980 in North
Vancouver, B.C....Dr. & Mrs. Gerald G.
Morrison, BSc'69, DMD'72, (Susan Wilford
Morrison, BA'71), a son, Christopher Gerald
Wilford, April 17, 1980 in Kelowna,
B.C....Dr. & Mrs. Ian Mugridge, (Patricia
Watts Mugridge, BCom'63), a son, Andrew
Christopher, November 16, 1979 in Langley,
B.C Mr.  &  Mrs.  Ronald E.  Newman,
BSc'70, a daughter, Sarah Elizabeth, June 14,
1980 in Calgary, Alberta....Dr. & Mrs. Dennis Rumley, PhD'75, (Hilary E. Rumley,
MA'73), a daughter, Alison Eileen, April 24,
1980 in Perth, Australia.
Deaths
George C. Barclay, BA' 18, MA'45, May, 1980
in Maple Ridge, B.C. A native of British Columbia, he began classes at McGill College (later
UBC) at the age of 15. He returned to UBC
more than 25 years after his arts degree to obtain his master's in classics. The first half of his
42-year teaching career was spent in Cranbrook, B.C. where he was high school principal
for 15 years. In 1946 he began teaching in
Maple Ridge High School where he remained
until his retirement until 1964. A keen sports
fan, he played tennis, badminton and baseball
in his younger years and continued his sports
interests throughout his life. He was a charter
member of the Haney congregation of the
Presbyterian Church, and he held several offices during his 30 years of unfailing support
and attendance. Survived by his wife, three
sons and two daughters, and pre-deceased by
his first wife, Elsie Wilby Barclay, BA'38.
Ruth Emily Lyness Devlin, BA'21, (MD, Al-
Do We Have
Your Correct Name
and Address?
If your address or name has changed please cut
off the present Chronicle address label and mail it
along with the new information to:
Alumni Records
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8
Name
(Graduation Name)	
(Indicate preferred title Married women note spouse s tuli name )
Address
. Class Year
ChronicleMulumn 1980 29 berta), March, 1980 in Saanich, B.C. Survived
by her husband.
Joseph Giegerich, BASc'23, April, 1980 in
Victoria, B.C. After graduating, he spent two
years with Cominco at Kimberley, B.C. and
then three years with Anaconda Copper in
ChUquicamata, Chile. In 1928 he returned to
Cominco as a mining engineer and in 1936 was
appointed mining engineer at Kimberley.
From superintendent of the Sullivan Mine he
later rose to general superintendent of Kimberley operations — the position he held until his
retirement in 1962. He was active in community affairs, which included Rotary, Boy Scouts,
athletic teams, the professional engineers association and the Masonic Lodge. Survived by
his wife, two daughters, Daryl J. Giegerich
Achtem, BSN'59, Helen Giegerich Mark,
DPhN'65,and two sons, (Joseph D. Giegerich,
BASc'55).
Robert S. Griffis, BA'30, April, 1980 in North
Vancouver, B.C. Survived by his wife.
George J. Okulitch, BSA'33, MSA'35, July,
1980 in Vancouver, B.C. During his lifetime,
he saw success in four careers — chemical bacteriologist, soldier-diplomat, business manager
and government-appointed administrator.
Born in Russia nine years before the Bolshevik
Revolution, he moved to Abbotsford with his
family in 1927 and grew up on his father's dairy
and poultry farm. He left the farm to work in
logging and mining camps before he was
awarded two UBC scholarships. In 1935 he was
at the research centre that brought world
evaporated milk contracts to the Fraser Valley
Milk Producers Association (later Dairyland).
During WW II he served overseas with the
British Columbia Regiment and also spent a
year in Moscow as a military attache. He was
with FVMPA for 42 years, serving as general
manager of the co-operative for eight years.
After retirement, he joined the B.C. Marketing
Board for four years. Survived by his wife,
daughter, Katherine Okulitch, BA'71, son,
Michael Okulitch, BA'74, a brother, Vladimir
J. Okulitch, BASc'31, MASc'32, (PhD,
McGill), and a sister, Olga Okulitch Volkoff,
BA'33, MA'35.
Clarence (Clare) H. Willis, BASc'35, June,
1980 in Vancouver, B.C. While at UBC, he was
president of the Varsity Outdoor Club and was
an active member of the ice hockey and ski
teams. He worked for Home Oil Distributors
for 38 years as technical supervisor and personnel manager. He was a Past Master of Landmark Lodge #128, past-chair ofthe Society of
Automotive Engineers and a life member ofthe
B.C. Mountaineering Club. Survived by his
wife, Mary V. MacDonald Willis, BA'32, and
daughter, S. Genny Willis Brvnjolfson,
BEd'67.
George T. McHattie, BASc'36, May, 1980 in
Vancouver, B.C. After graduating from UBC,
he moved to Ontario and was inspecting officer
with the British Admiralty Technical Mission
during WW II. Returning to Vancouver in
1946, he spent several years with the B.C. Electric Co., in control and relay engineering before
leaving for the United States. He worked in
design, control and research engineering in
California, Texas and Washington before his
retirement in 1964. Survived by his wife.
William Harold Gurney, BA'38, MA'48, April, 1980 in Nanaimo, B. C. He was active for 46
years in education in B.C., starting as a rural
school teacher at Alexandria in the Cariboo in
1922. He was later principal of Kamloops High
School from 1939-59 and district superinten
dent of schools from 1959-68, stationed at
Kitimat-Terrace, Qualicum Beach, West Coast
and Alberni school districts. Survived by his
wife and four sons, William G. Gurnev,
BEd'66, Donald F. Gurney, BA'64, LLB'67,
James H. Gurney, BASc'71 and Bruce F. Gurney, BSc'75.
Wilson Baxter (Wassy) Stewart, BSA'45,
June, 1980 in Courtenay, B.C. He worked with
the federal department of agriculture, plant
products division, from 1947-50 at Vancouver
and Kelowna, B.C. and with the department of
lands, forests and water resources at Fort St.
John and Williams Lake from 1954-66. He
taught at Williams Lake and Courtenay from
1967-79. At the time of his death, he was working as an agricultural consultant. He was a
member of the Cape Lazo Power Squadron,
Past-Master of Hiram Lodge #14, Courtenay,
member of Centre Lodge # 113, Williams Lake
and Cyrus Royal Arch Chapter #10, Courtenay. Survived by his wife, three daughters
and a son.
Robert Ian Murray, BA'51, December, 1979
in New Westminster, B.C. Survived by his
wife.
EUen IsobeUe Esau, BSW'56, MSW'59, February, 1980 in Vancouver, B.C. She was executive director of the Lower Mainland St.
Leonard's Society. Survived by her daughter,
Isobelle Esau Clausson, BSN'71 and son,
David Ernest Esau, BASc'73.
James Philip Moody, BA'78, October, 1979 in
Vancouver, B.C. A member ofthe UBC tennis
team for three years, he was well known as a
player and professional. Survived by his parents (Margaret Gillett Moody, BCom'36), and
a sister, Janet Louise Moodv Lackev, BA'68,
MA'74.
Chronicle
Classified
...is your personal marketplace. It's a
way to reach the more than 70,000
Chronicle readers (about half in Vancouver, the rest in more exotic locales).
Whether you have something to sell or
something you want to buy, send us
your ad and we'll find a category.
Chronicle Classified is a regular quarterly
feature. All classified advertisements are
accepted and positioned at the discretion
of the publisher. Acceptance does not
imply product or service endorsement or
support. Rates:$l per word, 10 word
minimum; 10% extra for display; 10%
discount for four times insertion. Telephone numbers and postal codes count as
one word. Cheque or money order must
accompany copy. Closing date for next
issue(Dec. 1) is Oct. 21. Chronicle Classified. 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8(228-3313).
Handcrafts
Would you like to have a beautifully handcrafted, individually designed quilt made
just for you, or someone you love? Contact Pat Cairns, 4424 West 2nd Ave.,
Vancouver V6R 1K5. Tel. 228-9319.
Music
Sandy Beynon
B.MUS.. A.R.C.T., A.IMUS.H C._.. KMT.
PIANO TEACHER
4085 West 33rd Avenue
Vancouver. B.C. V6N 2H9
Tel: 228-8881
Books/Periodicals
Canadian Fiction Magazine features fiction, manifestoes, reviews, graphics,
photos and interviews quarterly, for $9
per year in Canada, $10 elsewhere. P.O.
Box 46422. Station G. Vancouver. BC
V6R 4G7.
Travel
Want a Rent-Free Vacation? Write: Holiday Home l-Achange. Box 555. Grants.
New Mexico. USA 87020.
Freeport Bahamas: rent 2-bedroom
apartment on ocean beach; $45 daily;
contact Bob McAndrew. 160 Three Valleys Drive. Don Mills, Ontario. M3A
3B9 (416) 447-4613.
The Trip of a Lifetime
contact
Trekspeditions
the adventure travel experts, for nature expeditions: Galapagos. Antarctica: overlanding: Africa, Asia; trekking: Himalayas, Andes; cultural
tours: China; backpacking: wilderness Hawaii. Individual or group arrangements. 304-207 W. Hastings.
Vancouver. (604) 688-3921.
30 Chronicle/Autumn 1980 WHAT DID MARIE ANTOINETTE FIND
SO ENCHANTING ABOUT THESE WINES?
About 200 years ago, according to
the story, the Queen of France
had one especially favourite
wine. She liked the colour,
the bouquet, the taste, and
the way it complemented
her favourite
foods.
Wines go well
with food, and
you'll find
one wine may
enhance one
type of meal
better than
any other.
Therefore
you may
want to
vary the
wine according to the
type of food
served.
There is a "right" wine for everybody and you too can experiment
\ and experience the thrill of
discovering your favourite. Try
these robust
red Cotes
du Rhone
wines with
Canadian
cheddar and
crusty bread
chunks.
The Loire
Valley wines
shown
here, will
add enchantment
to a meal
of B.C.
Rainbow
trout, or
Coho
salmon.
CHATEAU LA BORIE,
COTES DU RHONE A.O.C.
COTES DU LUBERON
VDQS (Pascalet)
A manly red wine from Cotes du
Rhone. Made to be consumed young,
it is a round, sturdy wine known for
years lor its dependable quality.
Appellation d'Origine Contwlit, ol
VOUVRAYA.O.C. (Moc-Baril)
Produced from Chenin Blanc grapes,
this typical medium-dry, still white
wine is bottled in the heart of the
magnificent Loire Valley by 'Moc-Baril;
a fourth-generation family winery.
Cultivation ofthe grape in this region
ofthe Valley ofthe Rhone goes back
to Roman days. Tradition, soil, climate,
choice of vines and methods of viniculture make this a great mealtime
companion.
COTES DU VENTOUX,
A.O.C. (Pascalet)
The vineyard producing this excellent
wine covers the lower slopes of Mount
Ventoux in the Rhone Valley. Control
over wine production is very strict,
resulting in a stable red wine of very
good quality.
ROSE DANJOU A.O.C.
(Remy-Pannicr)
Beautifully pale in colour, this rose
offers full flavour and fragrance, with
a subtle sharpness and taste. An outstanding Anjou to be enjoyed any
time of day. Serve chilled.
Tor free literature on serving and
enjoying French wines, write:
THE CANADIAN COUNCIL
OF FRENCH WINES
P.O. Box 9660, Main Post Office
Vancouver, B.C. V6B 4G3
The Wines of France J_Jl_
-j        r
i    ,^:,'iJm
0      - s-  ^
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The Rover's sleek, sculptured elegance and interior space
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When you first sit in the firm leather seats ofthe XJ6, the
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