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UBC Alumni Chronicle [1974-12]

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VOLUME 28, NO. 4, WINTER 1974
Drugs and the Ugly Canadians
Hanna Kassis
Waiting for the Door to Open
Barry Pavitt
A Man in the Middle
Murray McMillan
A New Political Football
Clive Cocking
Geoff Hancock
Peter Moogk
30       NEWS
33       SPOTLIGHT
38       LETTERS
EDITOR Susan Jamieson McLarnon, BA '65
Barbara G. Smith (BJ 72, Carleton)
COVER Annette Breukelman
Alumni Media (604-688-6819)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Erich Vogt, (BSc, MSc, Manitoba), (PhD, Princeton),
chairman; Chuck Campbell, BA'71; Clive Cocking,
BA'62; Mrs. Beverly Field, BA'42; Harry Franklin, BA'49;
Geoff Hancock, BFA'73; Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd,
Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago); Ian MacAlpine, LLB'71;
Robert McConnell, BA'64; Murray McMillan, Law 1;
Mrs. Bel Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
MA'48, (PhD, Washington);
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. Canada. BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES:
Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
(604-228-3313). SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all
alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year; students $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address,
with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records, 6251 N.W.
Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 2067
Member American Alumni Council.
Bursary or
the past
three years
donations to the
Alumni Fund have
provided over 900
scholarships, bursaries
and awards for UBC students —
Will you help us make more students
happy next year?
3 The Unwelcome Guests
Drugs and the Ugly Canadians
Hanna Kassis
"The world is a great book, of
which thev who never stir from Ik.
When St. Augustine wrote these
words in the fifth century A.D. he had
only travelled between North Africa
and Italy. Others traversed the entire
Roman Empire, which was united
under one government, criss-crossed by
an excellent system of roads and dotted
with inns which, except for the ones in
Egypt (according to Strabo). had a bad
reputation. Moved by curiosity, administrative assignment, the zeal to
teach or preach, the desire to observe or
research, scores of individuals travelled
by land and sea to the remotest provinces of the empire and. possibly
Today, as in the ancient world, an
ever increasing volume of people travel
by varied means to the remotest corners
of the world. In nearly any town of
nearly any country you are apt to meet a
fellow   traveller.   The   travellers'   pur
poses and experiences are as varied as
their number. There are some whose
main concern seems to be in comparing
costs of meals and drinks in various
restaurants and bars around the world.
There are among travellers the pious
pilgrims, the curious, the bored, the researchers, the habitual "airport hoppers". One group I met had visited K3
cities in 27 days (the 28th day was reserved for the return journey).
One young male traveller asked if in
Morocco homosexuality is a national
trait. The men there kept touching him
whenever they spoke to him. I tried to
explain that people all around the
Mediterranean speak first with their
hands and eyes and then with their
tongues. A touch of the hand resting on
your shoulder, back. arm. knee or thigh,
holding hands walking down the street,
folding your arms around a child, are all
indications of closeness and human
warmth. When Abraham ((ienesis:24)
asked his servant to put his hand under
Abraham's thigh, it was not an act of
sexual deviance. One young lady (one
of many, as a matter of fact) learned that
wearing her long hair loose in Turkey
(as well as in many parts of the Mediterranean and farther east) is interpreted as
an act of intimacy inviting the most intimate act. It is a tender signal between
man and wife. An intimate signal cannot
be flashed on the streets of Istanbul
without its becoming an invitation to
trouble. A woman who bares the upper
part of her arms should expect to be
harrassed or barred from entering
churches or mosques in Mediterranean
and eastern countries. A man wearing
shorts on the streets of Madrid should
expect to be. at the least, sneered at. A
person who sprinkles salt on his food
insults the taste of his Krench hostess or
chef. Throughout most of Europe it is
considered a boorish act to smoke during the meal. You do not ask for bacon
with your eggs in Jeddah or any other
Muslim  city  (except   in  a   Hilton-like hotel). One can think of an endless list
of stipulations that could be amassed in
a sizable cultural apodictic code.
One learns that to enjoy a sojourn in a
foreign land one should forfeit the right
to the peculiarities of one's own culture
and adopt those of the host-culture. One
further learns, and in many cases in the
most painful way, that one forfeits the
privileges of one's own legal system in
favour of the code prevalent in the culture visited. It becomes apparent that
the Anglo-Saxon system of law which
we enjoy is prevalent only in the
English-speaking world. The mere fact
that travellers happen to be English-
speaking does not entitle them to the
benefits of our legal system once
beyond the Canadian border — in any
direction. The law is not portable. A
Canadian passport (or for that matter
any passport) is not a certificate of legal
exemption. And the belief that one legal
system is better than any other is a matter of personal opinion and not universal
Of all travellers the younger generation fail to see this and suffer the consequences most. And of all pursuits in
travel, possession or trafficking in
drugs, soft or hard, brings more agony
to individual travellers, as well as to
their families and friends. More than
eighteen months ago 1 came face to face
with this problem in Afghanistan.
Muhammad, the Afghani guide, repeated what a young North American
lady in jail had said. "Had I known before I left home what I was getting myself into I would not be here now!" It
was then that Muhammad asked me,
"What do you do to your children to
cause them to become like this?"
What do we do, or fail to do? That is a
question I cannot answer. It is, rather
the question implied in the young lady's
statement that I felt could and should be
answered. Over the past year or more I
have assembled information from countries extending from France to Afghanistan relating to indigenous laws affecting individuals charged with possession and trafficking in soft and hard
drugs. Those who helped me should not
be blamed for any errors in my interpretation of these laws. I wish to give you a
resume of some of my findings. I do this
not as an entertainment but. rather, in
the hope that the information may be
passed around. In doing this I must emphasize that I am not attempting to
mould anyone's opinion to influence
legislation in this country. Nor do I
wish, in any way. to disparage the
countries 1 shall be mentioning. But in
fairness. I should state my biases and
personal opinions on this matter openly. I do not condone the use of drugs.
But 1 favour the view — held for example in France and Lebanon — that the
user of drugs is a sick person. 1 believe
in healing the sick, not in incarcerating
them. 1 believe, however, in penalizing
the professional trafficker, the pusher
and the smuggler, as severely as is possible. But 1 do not believe any individual, institution, government or
ideology has the right, for whatever
reason, to terminate a human life, a severe penalty imposed in many countries for traffickers in drugs.
It should be stated that there are more
than 250 Canadians in jails overseas, a
majority of whom are imprisoned because of violations of drug laws. I do not
agree with the young people who told
me, apparently reflecting a view in wide
circulation in youth circles, that most of
those apprehended were arrested on the
information of the American narcotic
officials overseas. This is an oversimplification of a much more complex
situation. For, to begin with, the countries whose laws I have assembled have
been beleaguered by drug problems,
especially in view of the influx of hordes
of young European and North Ameri
can travellers, who, according to one
official, "regard entry into a country as
a right, and corruption of themselves
and our youth as a mission." Each one
of these countries wants to guard its
cultural heritage doggedly. Hence, they
are affronted when travellers, young or
old. violate their customs, traditions
and laws. We would also be offended if a
foreigner transgressed our established
mores or laws. It may be difficult for
citizens of a very young country to appreciate the attachment older countries
have for their traditions. It is not common in the more traditional societies for
young persons to indulge in the drug
habit. It is. on the other hand, common
to find soft drugs used by the very old.
some of the mystically inclined and — in
some cases — by the "Americanized"
youth. The latter have been described in
their own countries as a peculiar breed
who wear tight slacks, read Playboy and
go to any end to be invited to a cup
of coffee in the cafeteria of the U.S.
One does not question the right of any
country to legislate its own laws. Canadian travellers cannot expect to receive
preferential treatment when they violate the law of a host country. Nor can a
detained person expect to receive
miraculous assistance from the Canadian consular service. All that the staff
of an embassy abroad can do is (a) to see
to it that the person arrested benefits
from all sections of the law of the host
country and that he or she is not discriminated against by virtue of being a
foreigner; (b) to secure for the detained
individual a list of lawyers (the individual, naturally, has to arrange for
payment of all fees); (c) to contact and
advise the family and friends of the detained person, if the person so wishes,
and to keep them posted as to the progress of the case and (d) to maintain contact with the detained individual's
lawyer to ascertain that the case is handled properly and with dispatch.
I n many cases a person or persons are
detained as a result of a tip. It is often
suspected that contacts among
suppliers, as well as car body workers
(modifying the chassis of a vehicle to
provide a hiding place for smuggled
drugs is old hat, I am told) are among the
best informers. In one case smuggled
hashish was concealed behind a false
panel on a car chassis. The inspectors at
the border immediately went straight
for the cache. It must be remembered
that border guards and informers are
rewarded for apprehending a drug
smuggler. Turkish law states specifically (Article 404 (3)) that "if a person
who has participated in a (drug)
crime....informs the concerned authorities of the crime, the accomplices
and the places where they keep and
manufacture the narcotics, before official authorities are informed thereof,
and thus facilitates their apprehension,
he shall be exempt from punishment involving his offence." If his information
is received after the authorities have already made the discovery, his sentence
will be reduced, for example, from capital punishment to fifteen years at hard
From the moment a person is apprehended to the time innocence is established or, if found guilty, until the
sentence is served, he or she will probably go through the most gruelling experience of a lifetime. Let it be remembered that at all stages detained persons
are culturally, linguistically and, in view
of their apprehension, socially alien,
lonely and rejected persons. They may
find it difficult to communicate with the
police, the magistrate, the prosecutor. the witnesses, their own lawyers, and
fellow inmates. By violating the law of a
society, they have forfeited the right to
hospitality normally extended to foreigners in any and all of these countries.
Persons who believe that because they
are foreigners they will be deported
rather than tried and sentenced are deluding themselves. With this in mind let
us journey with them through the corridors of darkness.
A. Arraignment, bail and court procedure:
When apprehended, a person may be
detained for a period of time that varies
in length from one country to another
and depending on whether or not martial law is in force. In Turkey a person is
detained for not more than 24 hours (15
days under martial law) before being
taken to the district attorney to make a
statement regarding the facts of the offence. Henceforth, it is difficult, if not
altogether impossible, to evade the first
statement. At the risk of being challenged, I would say that once a person is
found in possession of drugs (either for
use or trafficking) or is knowingly in the
company of one possessing drugs, guilt
is established and what follows is a matter of procedure.
There is no such thing as the Canada
Evidence Act or the American Fifth
Amendment. The first statement is
examined by a court of investigation
which, unless it finds grave technical
errors, would decide on whether or not
a court case should be initiated. If an
error is detected, this would be the time
to correct it. This does not mean that the
detained individual may change his
If the court decides in favour of bail,
the accused may be released pending his
trial. The nature of the offence and the
social status of the accused are taken
into consideration in arriving at this decision. Some countries used to release
foreigners on bail, allowing them
thereby to skip bail and forfeit the security deposit. In some cases, individuals on bail have been arrested upon attempting to leave the country and
earned stiffer penalties as a result. In
some countries, the accused person's
personal papers and travel documents
are confiscated and not returned until
after the trial or sentence, if convicted,
is completed. In most countries bail is
seldom granted.
The period in prison awaiting trial is,
in view of the insufficient number of
courts, long and painful. A young man
who served a prison term in Morocco
told me that the conditions in prison
after sentence was passed were far better than in the one where he was held
pending trial. He said that there were
more than forty detainees in a cell meant
to hold not more than twenty. In Spain
the average wait in prison for a trial is
six months.
Trial is by judge, or a group of judges,
without jury. The purpose of the trial is
to examine the evidence already on file.
There is no "adversary" action by the
lawyers. The presiding judge reads the
evidence and asks his own questions or
those raised by his colleagues. The trial
is conducted in the language of the
country and usually the defence lawyer
is busy following the procedure of the
trial and is not always able to act as
interpreter. The defence laywer may
offer his plea in mitigation of the sentence. This is followed by the verdict
and the sentence. There is no room for
speeches as there is in our court system.
Nor is there room for evading the situation by raising points of legal
technicalities. The detained person has
the right to appeal the sentence.
B. Penalties:
As a reminder let me quote from a
Turkish newspaper the following excerpts, "The Criminal Court of An-
takya sentenced three American youths
— a boy and two girls — to life imprisonment last Friday, December 28,
1973. The reason: hashish smuggling.
The two girls....fainted when they
heard the ruling of the court, and when
they came to their senses they started
crying....The suspects had at first received death sentences and they had
been commuted to life imprisonment.... It is interesting to note that
while the Americans were waiting for
the verdict of the Criminal Court in An-
takya, 873 American youths were being
tried for the same crime in every part of
the world...."
The penalties for possession and
trafficking in Turkey are among the
severest. Manufacturing, importing or
exporting narcotics without license or
attempting to do so is punishable by imprisonment for a minimum often years,
and a monetary fine which is determined
by the weight of the narcotics. In addition to and following the period of incarceration the convicts are further
punished by banishment to another region in Turkey for a period of three to
five years, during which time they will
be kept under police supervision. The
chances of illegal exit from Turkey are
nearly non-existent as all their personal
papers and travel documents would
have been confiscated at the time of
their first arrest, and would not be returned until they have completed their
If more than one person is involved in
an offence, then the offenders constitute an organization or a society under
Turkish law and the punishment is doubled. However, if the drug involved is
heroin, hashish, cocain, or morphine,
the penalty imposed will be life imprisonment for an individual offender or
capital punishment if the offenders con
stitute a "society" (two or more
Capital punishment in connection
with drugs is not limited to Turkey. The
same penalty may be imposed on
traffickers in Libya, where, it is true,
only very few foreigners are allowed entry. Egypt imposes the death penalty
and a monetary fine on anyone convicted of illicitly (and for purposes of
trade) exporting, importing, possessing,
obtaining, buying, selling, transporting,
or pushing any of 71 hard drugs. The
same penalty is imposed on anyone
growing, trafficking in, or pushing any
of five toxic plants,including cannabis.
Trafficking in hard drugs is also a capital
offence in Iran.
In those countries where the death
penalty is not imposed for these offences, the penalties are, nevertheless,
severe. In Greece, the penalty for possession of small quantities (adjudged to
be for personal use) of any drug is incarceration for a minimum of two years.
In addition, a monetary fine is imposed
on a person convicted of driving,
navigating or piloting a land, sea, or
air-craft while under the influence of
drugs. All other drug offences earn a
sentence to prison for five to 20 years
plus a heavy fine. If more than one person is involved in any drug offence or if
the court is convinced that the accused
is a habitual offender and dangerous to
society, or if any drug offence is directed at a minor (a person under 18) the
penalty imposed may be that of life imprisonment and an extremely stiff fine.
In the past two years at least 10 Canadians were arrested in Greece on drug
In Lebanon a person convicted of
possessing drugs for personal use commits a misdemeanor and is placed in
custody in an asylum for treatment for a
period of one to three years. A
minimum of one year is mandatory.
However, convicted persons may be
freed if after being in custody for six
months they convince the court that
they have been cured of the use of
drugs. If the offender is a minor (between the ages of 15-18 years), the sentence is reduced to one third of the mandatory term. If the offender is between
the ages of 12-15 he or she is placed in
the custody of the parents or sentenced
to a reformatory.
A person possessing drugs (soft or
hard) for purposes of trafficking commits a felony punishable by a prison
term at hard labour for a period of three
to 15 years.
In France, users are considered as ill
and must submit, if charged and convicted, to medical treatment. If they refuse, a penalty of $100 to $2,000 and an
imprisonment term of two to 12 months
may be imposed. Traffickers face imprisonment of two to 20 years plus a fine
of $ 1,000 to $ 100,000. Second offenders have their penalties doubled. Recently,
several offenders have received 20
year   sentences.
In 1971 Jordan modified its drug law,
and imprisonment for life at hard labour
as well as a fine of $8,000 to $12,000 was
instituted as the penalty for anyone
convicted of illegally importing, exporting, extracting, preparing or cultivating
drugs, or for possession of any smoking
instrument used for drugs. Trafficking is
punishable by imprisonment, at hard
labour, for a minimum of 10 years and a
fine of $2,500 to $7,500. A minimum
prison term of six months and a fine of
$125 to $500 is imposed on anyone convicted of using drugs.
Severe sentences are also passed in
Spain. A person arrested in connection
with drugs faces two charges: one is for
contraband, for which the penalty is a
heavy fine, and the other is for "an offence against public health" which
earns a jail sentence. The fine for contraband may be converted into additional time in jail. In one case a person
charged with smuggling about six
pounds of "grifa", a soft drug, from
Morocco was fined the equivalent of
$1,800 for contraband and $180 for the
"offence against public health"; in addition the accused in this case was sentenced to two years and four months in
Morocco and Afghanistan have for a
long time been considered as havens for
drug users and traffickers. Recently,
however, both countries began to
tighten their control and several young
persons found themselves in unenviable
The law in Afghanistan, which was
not strictly applied during the monarchy, forbade the cultivation, trade in,
transportation, delivery, sale, purchase,
possession and use of narcotic and
intoxicant drugs. The new republican
regime has stated its intention to enforce the law and to stamp out trade in
drugs. Penalties are left to the discretion
of the judge. Because these judges are
mostly trained in Muslim religious law
and because the Hanafi School of Law
operates in Afghanistan, the sentences
can be stiff. Recently, the Afghani authorities have increased their cooperation, in matters of the drug trade,
with Iran and Pakistan. Harsher penalties have been recently imposed on
foreigners and especially "hippies", the
identification of whom is left to the discretion of the Afghani official issuing a
As in many of these countries, the
sentence is the same whether for possession or trafficking. In Morocco, the
penalty for two pounds of "kif", a soft
drug, is one month in jail, $30 fine plus
another $1,000 fine for violating the tobacco law. "Kif is usually mixed with
tobacco. The latter fine is negotiable,
especially if the services of a lawyer are Discover a fresh new world
that's worlds apart.
Come to theSouth Pacific. With
us, on a beautiful orange CPAir jet. Or
with our partners, Qantas.
We'll whisk you away to a world
of delightful contrasts. And refreshing
differences. To sophisticated
cities and native villages.
Colonial towns and swinging
resorts. Warm white beaches
and rugged volcanic masses.
And friendship.
Everywhere you go. A kind
of spontaneous hospitality that comes
from the heart.
You may find it strange to golf
in December. Or snow ski in June. But
then Australia is
full of wonderful
There are
the Elizabethan
houses of Perth.
And the vast
expanses of the
Outback. The
sugar cane fields
of Cairns. And the opal fields of
Lightning Ridge.
On the Gold Coast, miles of
sun-drenched beach stretch lazily
beside an ocean that never dips below
70°. And night people swing until dawn
along The Strip.
Then there's the fishing. Some of
the best in the world.
And the coral island resorts
dotting the Great Barrier Reef.
And you thought
Australia was all kangaroos
and boomerangs.
Fiji is the kind of
place that dreams are
made of.
The Fijians will delight you,
enchant you, spoil you. With tribal
dances and tropical banquets. Coral
cruises and outrigger adventures.
Native songs and colourful costumes.
Fiji is glorious sunshine. White
sandy beaches. Fragrant blossoms.
Blue-green waters ripe with marlin. And
some of the best resort hotels in the
South Pacific.
And you thought Paradise didn't
Find out more about the South
Pacific. And all the South Pacific value
Call your travel agent or CPAir.
Then discover a new part of the world.
That's worlds apart.
Orange is Beautiful.
CPAirT4 solicited. I was informed by another
young Canadian who served a term in a
Moroccan prison that what he earned
through the reduction of the fine was
paid to the lawyer!
In almost all cases vehicles used in
the transportation of drugs would be
C.  The prisons:
I have always believed that imprisonment is one of the most humiliating
experiences. If this degradation to
human dignity is to be carried out in a
deplorable environment the agony
could be more than doubled. Incarceration in an Afghani jail can be a very
painful experience. Nor is it more appealing in any other country. In Turkey,
for example, convicted offenders are
first placed in solitary confinement for
medical observation. After one week
they are transferred to a cell which will
be shared with more than a dozen convicts. These may include persons convicted of a variety of offences, from
political detainees to murderers, a
majority of whom speak only Turkish.
The prisoner may be allowed to bathe
once a week and must participate in two
exercise periods every day. There may
not be enough bedding in the cell and
prisoners may have to share beds or
provide their own bedding. Prisoners
must also provide their own clothing.
Although three meals are provided
every day. prisoners find out that these
are not adequate and they must make
their own arrangements for supplementary food. A prisoner may spend only
about $3 per week on additional food.
They are permitted one visitor per
week, for fifteen minutes only. Prisoners may be transferred (after serving
one third of the sentence with good conduct) to an "open prison" which will
allow them to work on a government job
on the government salary scale for prisoners. The salary is retained by the authorities until the prisoner's release.
Not many prisoners succeed in attaining this transfer.
Iran has constructed a new prison in
Meshed for men.   It has a wing for
foreigners but no vocational facilities.
In addition to boredom, the diet may be
a problem to many foreign inmates. As
in the case of the Turkish and other jails,
the meals may be augmented, to a limited degree, at the inmate's expense.
Foreign inmates complain about the
prison staff but the difficulties largely
stem from language problems.
In comparison to other countries the
Iranian prison personnel tend to be considerably easier in their treatment of
foreign prisoners.
One could proceed to describe the
prison conditions of each of the countries in question. The picture would be
gruesome. The simple fact remains that
a person violating the law of a country
should expect to be the "beneficiary" of the law. penalty, and penal
environment of that country. It must
also be remembered that a prison, anywhere in the world, is not a hotel or a
There is endless warmth and richness
in the cultures of all of the countries I
have mentioned. Many people, like myself, have found the peoples of these
lands very hospitable. But they are unwilling, and justifiably so. to allow anyone to violate their established values.
There is an unwritten law in the desert:
ask for a drink of water and it will be
given you. even if it is the last drop. But
try to drink from the most abundant
oasis without asking, thus violating the
law. then you could be risking your life.
When St. Augustine, a North African
by birth and upbringing, spoke of the
world as a book, he could not foretell
that some would favour a horror story
over his own Confessions, or C/7v of
God. D
Intrepid traveller, Hanna Kassis, is an
associate professor of religious studies
at UBC. He hopes that funds will soon
become available for the Canadian
Youth Hostel Association to distribute
this drug law information to all young
Honorary President: Walter H. Gage,
BA 25, MA'26, LLD'58.
President: Charles (Chuck) Campbell,
BA'7l; Past President: George Morfitt,
BCom'58; 1st Vice-president: Kenneth
Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58; 2nd Vice-
president: James Denholme, BASc'56;
3rd Vice-president: R. Bernie Treasurer, BCom'58; Treasurer: Paul Hazell,
Members-at-large (1973-75)
Frank Archer. BSP'66. Donald J. Currie. BCom'61; David Dale-Johnson,
BA 69; David Grahame. BA'69;
Charles Hulton, BSc'70; Dr. Thomas
McCusker. BA'47; Helen McCrae.
MSW'49: Donald MacKay. BA'55:
Mark Rose. BSA'47; Elizabeth Wilmot.
Members-at-large (1974-76)
Judy Atkinson. BA'65. BLS'69; Joy
Fera. BRE'72: Fraser Hodge. BASc'69;
John Hunt. MD'58: Robert Johnson.
BA'63. LLB'67; Barbara Ann Milroy.
BHE'51; Pat Parker. BCom'68.
MBA'69: John Parks. BCom'70.
LLB'71; Oscar Sziklai. MF'61. PhD'64:
Robert Tait. BSA'48.
Division Representatives:
Commerce — Frank Anfield. BCom'62;
Dental Hygiene — Casseda Kohse.
D.Dhy'71; Home Economics — Nadine
Johnson. BHE'65; Nursing — Ruth
Robinson. BSN'70.
Committee Chairmen
Jennifer Clark. BSN'69. Women's Athletics: John Cartmel. BPE'66. Men's Athletics: Robert Dundas. BASc'48. Cliff
Erosion: Gordon Fllis. BSc'73; Young
Alumni Club: Dr. M.T. McDowell.
BPE'68, MPE'69. Alumni Fund: Dr.
Erich Vogt. Communications: Charlotte
Warren. BCom'58. Allocations.
Representatives of Alma Mater Society
Gordon Blankstein. President: Pemme
Muir Cunliffe. Treasurer.
Representatives of Faculty Association
Dr. Meredith Kimball, President; N.E.
Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, Treasurer.
Representatives to Senate
Beverly Field, BA'42, T. Barrie Lindsay, BCom'58; Frank C. Walden,
Executive Director: Harry Franklin.
BA'49  Continuing Education at UBC
Waiting for the Door to Open
Barry Pavitt
"The Province of British Columbia
created a resource called the University
of B.C., its physical plant, staff and faculty. Is the use of this resource exclusively for young students on a full-time
basis, or should it be available to all the
people in the province who wish to
learn? Where do you establish your
Thus Gordon Selman, outgoing director of UBC's Centre for Continuing
Education, states a problem.
Clearly such priorities are based on
prevailing attitudes towards education.
I s it finite ? I s it to be acquired as early as
possible and then used as the foundation
for a lucrative career? Is it, in fact,
One might think so in the light of the
emphasis given to high-school graduations and university degrees by parents
and employers alike. And what they
emphasize, our educational institutions
support by rigidifying into a respectable
system. Degrees and diplomas are the
ends of this pattern.
A counter-balance to this tendency
lies in continuing (or adult) educations
concept of "life-long learning". If the
real hallmarks of education are knowledge acquisition, flexibility of mind,
development of a creative imagination
and maturing emotional responses, then
these should never stop. Not even in
that supercharged moment when a
chancellor pats a head and confers a
But, according to Selman, continuing
education is very much the Cinderella at
most universities. He feels that the
common faculty and administration attitude towards it suggests it is "some
The Centre for Continuing Education
offices and conference rooms are in
two of the three buildings originally
occupied by St. Mark's College.
kind of fringe benefit of the university."
This contention is supported by Dr.
Jack Blaney, for twelve years associate
director at UBC and newly-appointed
dean of Simon Fraser University's continuing education department. "Too
many faculty and especially the administration at UBC consider adult
education to be a mere peripheral activity of the university. As a planned and
systematic contact with the community,
continuing education is just not fully
How can one tell? Easily enough.
There are a number of signs that show
these are not exaggerated sentiments.
Faculty members who teach continuing education courses do not get practical benefit for this within their departments; their participation is not taken
into account when matters of promotion
and tenure are decided. Blaney also
mentions that the departments rarely let
the centre know when they are bringing
in a famous name to lecture at UBC;
that the university senate neither rewards any departmental initiatives in
creating new programs for adult education, nor does it hold them responsible
in respect of servicing this community
But the real indicator is financing.
Out of the millions of dollars budgeted
by UBC each year, the centre gets a
subsidy of around $350,000 (about 20
per cent of its needs). The rest of its
money must be raised from other
sources: student fees, grants from government, and funds from industry,
foundations and individuals.
$350,000! As Selman says, "the university could be more generous."
The centre employs about seventy
staff members (as planners, administrators, technical and clerical staff; this
does not include teaching personnel).
Just  to  meet   salary  expenses  about
$ 175,000 must be earned over and above
that university subsidization — which,
incidentally, was cut back in the fiscal
year 1973-74 — merely to keep on
operating on the same level as before. If
expansion is desired, then revenues
must be increased.
What would happen to the English
and classics departments, to the
chemistry and biology laboratories, to
the libraries, if they were thus pressured
to earn their own way and turn a profit
for expansion?
But naturally one must test the idea
that the centre is making a valid use of
UBC as an educational resource. Here
statistics provided in its 1972-73 annual
report are very significant. Leaving
aside those students enrolled in credit
courses and also those registered for
continuing education in commerce and
health sciences (in total, enrolments at
UBC in what could be called "part-
time" studies number over 37,000). the
centre registered about 23,000 people.
Enrolment in its general education
courses was up 47 per cent over the
previous year.
Also to be included in the centre's
activities are such things as correspondence courses, television shows on
community television, and the publication of more than a hundred titles (with
over six thousand sales). Such contemporary and needful programs as "Housing for Older People; An Action and
Research Project" and the establishment of a Woman's Resource Centre
are also part of the centre's work.
But one could go on consulting its
calendars and listing its imaginative
programs for a long time. Do they
work? Are they appreciated? Colleen
Bourke, the centre's information
officer, observes simply, "our feedback
system is the best way in the world. If
our  programs  are  not  attended  they
11 / see a society where
education will be
continuing as a matter of
routine, rather than as a
response to demands.
must be cancelled, because they are not
subsidized by the university."
And further to this point is the fact
that the curriculum content is established with the aid and participation of
the students themselves. "There are
many mature students who seek creative outlets and contemporary material.
They are not a captive audience," says
Dr. Blaney. The centre has to be responsive to the wishes and needs of its
students if it wants to survive.
The wishes and needs are there alright. Consider that B.C.'s school-
district sponsored programs in adult
education had only 28,000 registrations
in non-vocational courses in 1960-61,
and that this increased to over 137,000
in 1970-71. Comparable statistics can be
found for every type of institution,
every type of program.
Adult education in this province is
much more pervasive than is generally
recognised, even though it does remind
one of an unconducted orchestra playing a complex symphony.
Universities, colleges, school-
boards, church groups, the professions,
business and industry, and cultural institutions (like museums, libraries and
art galleries), are all making invaluable
contributions, even if these are uncoordinated and sometimes overlapping.
But why cannot adult education be
made a fully-equal partner with other
forms of publicly supported educational
systems? Why aren't opportunities for
adult education easily provided within
basic educational patterns?
UBC is not alone in this regard. In a
brief submitted to the minister of education in 1974 by the B.C. Association for
Continuing Education, one reads that in
Canada in 1973 "the public education
dollar is allocated approximately 88 per
cent for elementary, secondary and
university education; approximately 6
per cent for vocational training and less
than 6 per cent for post-secondary
non-university and all other programs."
So we come back, inexorably, to that
question of Gordon Selman's about
priorities and the concomitant question
of emphasis on formal, traditional systems of education which are so very
well supported (perhaps by inertia),
until such time as a philosophical breakthrough will permit new policies to be
That this is a problem was recognised
more than thirty years ago. A study by
the B.C. Library Commission in 1941
noted "educational systems that place
their stress upon the education of children are definitely headed for institutional stagnation, and a society that
spends its educational energies almost
entirely on the young will end in social
Even given our society's reverence
for youth we should pause to consider
that current and contemporary themes
in life are the concern of adults too!
Attempts to solve present problems
should be made now, by adults, not left
for some nebulous "future generation"
to look after.
And where are the personal resources
to be developed within our society if the
"life-long learning" process is not encouraged and supported? Not just the
ministry of education in B.C., but also
those in Ontario, Quebec, Saskatchewan and Alberta also, are being deluged
with briefs and reports in respect of this
Perhaps one should note at this stage
that, from a philosophical point of view,
continuing education is not simply a
means towards improving an individual's place on the socio-economic scale.
It is also a process of life-enrichment; a
help towards personal development for
individuals and the whole community
alike. Our society is so mobile and complex now, changing so rapidly, that
"adult education is a real social imperative," in the words of Gordon Selman.
People need to expand the non-
vocational aspects of their lives and
they have more leisure in which to do
so. They are starting to put pressure on
our institutions to meet these needs.
"In fact, I see a society where education will be continuing as a matter of
routine, rather than as a response to
demands. If UBC meets the challenge it
will gain interest and respect. If not it
will suffer loss of esteem."
Given the more strident criticisms of
universities, UBC may well lose more
than esteem. Perhaps a straw-in-the-
wind with regard to government attitudes, if not policy, is the fact that
while the Barrett administration offers
the university a kind of "maintenance
budget" only, it has said it is prepared to
finance new projects which are more
accessible and useful to the community
at large. While this may prove of great
assistance to the centre, it is also an
indication that the government feels
UBC is not fully utilizing its considerable technical and physical resources.
A writer to the editor of the Vancouver Sun recently said, "I believe
that it is about time the universities of
B.C. realise their obligations to the
B.C. community at large and attempt to
bring the university to the people — and
not the reverse. Our universities are
supported by the tax dollars of the
people of B.C. — no matter where they
This writer was complaining about
the scarcity of correspondence courses
offered to people in the Interior. In the
1972-73 annual report of the centre, this
problem is specifically recognised, but
the service is hamstrung for lack of
Of course the university can claim,
quite genuinely, that it simply does not
have enough money to meet all the
competitive demands made upon its
budgetary resources. But that still
leaves the question of whether or not it
is farsighted in regard to its financial
emphases. Proponents of continuing
education would argue it is not. In fact,
the Pearse Committee reported to senate in 1970 that UBC was falling a generation behind what it should be doing in
adult education and part-time studies.
A clue to typical attitudes lies in a
remark made by Jack Blaney, "faculty
do not generally regard the centre's
work highly because it does not operate
within the traditional academic
Describing the characteristics of continuing education services, a 1973 study
by the Adult Education Research
Centre (here at UBC), used such terms
as "accessibility, transferability, flexibility, diversity and adaptability."
Full-time students at university might
afford cynical smiles at the contrast between these and the formal patterns to
which they are subjected. Let them try
to transfer from one faculty to another
without being penalised by considerable
losses in time and money; let them test
the flexibility of departments by devising for themselves inter-disciplinary
programs; let them taste the diversity of
offerings within UBC at the expense of
skipped classes and missing essays or
lab reports. They will soon learn that
whatever may be accessible is not
necessarily adaptable.
Continuing education, on the other
hand, must strive to be creative and innovative; its curricular authority shared
with the students. Of course this is the
truly exciting challenge of real teachers,
many of whom contribute enthusiastically to the centre's work.
But what of departments accustomed
to unquestioned authority in both
academic discipline and administrative
requirements? What of faculty who are
jealous that their podium perspective
may be undermined, or, more charitably, that somehow the purity of
academic work will be allayed by demands for contemporaneity and relevance?
Yes, there would be something for
them to lose, and striking a balance is
more difficult than attacking the premise   of continuing education in a uni- versity context.
It was not always so. Speaking of the
foundation of the Extension Department, precursor of the centre, Dr. Gordon Shrum. who for many years headed
the department along with his other
academic duties, recalls that back in
those Depression days there were severe salary cutbacks for faculty. A grant
of about $50,000 was made available to
UBC. Voting on the use to which this
should be put, faculty recommended
half of it should go towards a pension
scheme and the rest should be used to
really get the Extension Department going.
That was a magnanimous gesture
(why does affluence not produce similar
kinds of wise generosity?), and the department began its community work.
Under Shrum it was active in establishing Co-Ops and credit unions in addition to offering more usual educational services around the province; a
kind of parallel social response to social
needs with the centre's work on old
people's housing today. Before the
Second World War the Extension Department functioned as a kind of faculty
— there were only three faculties at
UBC then — one quarter of the university's energies devoted to education in
its broad sense.
Today it is different. Blaney suggests
that senate or the board of governors or
senior administrators (like the committee of deans) could do much to change
the prevailing reluctance at UBC to
continuing education, if they wanted.
They could take the initiative in making
departments and faculty more accountable (and better rewarded) for work in
adult education. And this could spring
from a positive conviction in the value
of "life-long learning", not simply a
kind of reaction (a P.R. gesture) to
community demands.
If work in continuing education could
be encouraged as a praiseworthy and
respectable use of faculty time and
skills; if the university could shake off
the traditional idea that its resources are
the exclusive prerogative of the young,
or full-time, or degree-seeking student;
if these resources could be made available to anyone who wishes to learn (how
many people would like to take a course
but cannot do so because the fees are
too high, forexample?) then perhaps the
university would have made a giant step
towards being a healthier institution in a
healthier society.
Gordon Selman: "We have more
facilities than most institutions to help
people to learn. I mean the skill and
expertise of faculty, their dispassionate
observation and search for truth. These
skills, developed to serve the young,
must now be put at the disposal of 'lifelong learning'." □
Barry Pavitt is a Vancouver free-lance
The Sun
in the
UBC Alumni
Travel Program
....But especially UBC Alumni and their
families who join this year's UBC Alumni Association travel program. Destinations are
Hawaii, Mazatlan on Mexico's Pacific gold coast
and Disneyland.
HAWAII ... many departures, with hotels in Honolulu
and Maui. Your fare includes round-trip airfare, hotels,
airport transfers and porterage and in Maui, a U-Drive
car with unlimited mileage. Special rates for children.
MEXICO ... two weeks of sun in Mazatlan, eight hotels
and a range of prices to choose from ... fare includes
round-trip airfare, airport transfers, porterage and 14
nights accommodation.
And for the whole family ... DISNEYLAND ... a choice
of tours timed to coincide with the school holidays,
October to April ... reduced rates for children ... tours
include round-trip airfare, airport transfers, porterage,
accommodation and a book of tickets to Disneyland (includes gate admission).
For complete details of departure dates and costs contact the UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W. Marine
Dr., Vancouver V6T 1A6 (228-3313).
... Wouldn't you like a place in the sun?
13 Long Distance.
A good way to talk business,
"Sure, Dan, I'll fix that up today
and fly out tomorrow."
(7.30 a.m. Vancouver)
"/ like the way that man operates.
(10.30 a.m. Toronto)
Talk business to most places in Canada for 30c
aminutet Or less. Just dial yourself, (112)
Station to Station, after midnight and
before 8 a.m. Remember, it's the early bird
that gets the business.
"Mr. Sands
is coming!"
'Except from coin telephones.
B.C. Tel. pirl of
Tslaphont System
"You can talk with us"
A /Vian in the /Middle
Murray McMillan
Noel A. Hall seems to be constantly
trying to find a happy medium between
opposing factions. Over the past 20
years he has earned a national reputation as one of Canada's foremost labor
It was Noel Hall who stepped in to
arbitrate the dispute between the Vancouver School Board and its engineer-
custodians in 1970. It was Noel Hall
who mediated the 1972 strike by air
traffic controllers against the federal
Treasury Board.
This year he's been involved in forest
industry negotiations over tradesmen's
wage revisions. He was industrial inquiry commissioner in the dispute between Fraser Valley Milk Producers
Association and its truck drivers, and
earlier this fall he stepped into the strike
by vocational instructors which closed
Vancouver Community College.
When the parties in labor negotiations
reach the stage where neither will
budge, it often takes a third party to step
in to sort out their situation by suggesting new means of settling differences, lt
is a highly-specialized job. and Hall is
one of only a few people in the country
who have the skill and experience to
handle it.
But now Noel Hall is having to strike
another balance — this one between his
availability as a labor problem-solver
and his new position as dean of the Faculty of Commerce and Business Administration at UBC.
' "1 think the word is out now that my
time is pretty well taken up, so that
people know I'm preoccupied with
other things. 1 don't get calls now with
the same frequency that 1 used to.
"What I think I really need is an outstanding failure, and I don't want to appear immodest in saying that," he says
with a half-grin.
"The fact is that you really can't stop
doing it. There are so few around
who have had the experience or
background to do it that in reality, when
a dispute arises where the public interest is heavily involved, you just have
to go in there and do it," he says.
"The vocational instructors dispute
was an example of that. That was one 1
had mediated two or three years ago and
so when they got into real difficulty this
time and the strike took place, 1 got a
phone call. It was one of those situations where you just can't say 'no'. You
just have to make time."
Fitting sessions of day-and-night bargaining into his schedule will likely be a
little more difficult now that he has the
rapidly-growing commerce faculty to
look after as well.
Dean Hall joined the U BC commerce
faculty in 1953 as an assistant professor.
a year after graduating from U BC with a
bachelor of commerce degree. He received his master of business administration degree from the University of
Southern California in 1955. and his
doctorate from Harvard in 1960.
Until his appointment as dean, he
also served as director of the Institute
of Industrial Relations in UBC's Faculty of Graduate Studies.
He points with pride to the recent
growth in the faculty of commerce.
"This year we've experienced an increase of 18 percent in our registration;
last year we were up 15 per cent. I think
that that has real meaning. Incoming
students are much more career-oriented
than they used to be — they want to get
into a line of employ ment or into an area
of study that is rigorous and demanding,
but thai leads somewhere. It's practicality in a way. Students clearly want
something more than the self-seeking
opportunity to rise up the corporate
ladder. They want to go into employment that is fulfilling to them, not just
economically rewarding."
Considering students with those sorts
of goals. Dr. Hall says one area of the
faculty that he would like to see expanded is the small business division.
He says B.C. is still a province made up
essentially of small businesses and
"there are really exciting employment
15 opportunities for the student who
doesn't want to fit into the grey-flannel-
suit image."
"I guess it's because we're a frontier
place that we've had many outstanding
examples in B.C. of entrepreneurial
success. H.R. MacMillan is still alive,
and look at the empire that was created
there. I can think of many other examples — there are the Wosk enterprises,
there's Neonex, there's Woodward
Stores and Okanagan Helicopters — all
areas where people saw an opportunity
and really went ahead with it."
Along with expansion in the field of
small business, he says he would like to
find a wealthy benefactor who would
endow a chair of business history, for
similar reasons. He feels it is important
that UBC attempt to record the ongoing history of business in the province
while the men who built the early business empires are still around to provide
the information.
The decreasing importance of that
grey flannel suit image is part of a general trend Dean Hall finds within his
faculty. "Historically faculties like ours
were pretty well entirely oriented toward educating people for careers in
business, in commercial enterprises;
but in recent years a lot of our graduates
have been going into non-business types
of employment."
He says many commerce graduates
now end up working in government jobs
where the emphasis is on the administrative process, not profit-making, and
into other institutions such as hospitals.
He says several graduates are now
working for trade unions in research
departments and as business agents.
Considering that change in the faculty's direction, the new dean is considering a change in the faculty's name. He
thinks the "Faculty of Administrative
Studies" would be more suitable. "In
view of where our graduates actually
go, the title Commerce and Business
Administration is really a bit limiting,"
he says.
Like most other sectors of the university, the faculty is having to cope with
the rapidly-growing field of continuing
education. This year commerce got a
special grant to offer all of its compulsory undergraduate courses in the evening, in addition to its master of business
administration programs and its Executive Programs.
"If we're not teaching our regular
credit courses in the evening we're
teaching our non-degree and diploma
courses. We're pleased to do it because
it opens the university up to more and
more people, and we're all in favor of
"When I first became dean I asked
Colin Gourlay (who was acting dean
prior to Hall's appointment) if he could
tell me how many non-degree students
we service — students in certified gen-
eral accounting, registered industrial
accounting, the Institute of Canadian
Banks, as well as our short courses and
seminars. Last year it was around
10,000 students, so obviously we are
doing something that is relevant and
something that people want more of."
For many years the faculty has run
programs in centres away from the
Point Grey campus — both in
downtown Vancouver, and in major
centres in other parts of the province.
Hall says there is increased call for expansion of those programs as well, and
the faculty plans to fulfill what it feels is
an obligation to enlarge the offerings,
even though those programs are very
demanding in terms of faculty time and
He recalls with a chuckle his early
experiences with programs in distant
communities: "Years ago we used to
run one in Kelowna and- Vernon to
serve the Okanagan area. You caught
the Friday night train and rode all night,
and they let you off in North Kamloops
at about 6:30 in the morning. You had to
lug all your books and lesson notes and
other material from North Kamloops
over to the Plaza Hotel. You could sit in
the lobby there, but the coffee shop
didn't open until 7:30.
"From there a chap picked you up
and drove you to Vernon. You lectured
in the high school all day — from 9:30
until 4:30. Then you caught the train
back to Kamloops where they cut off
the sleeper car and you sat on a siding
waiting for the trans-continental to pick
you up. Of course in winter it was sometimes six and eight hours late, and there
was no heat in the damn sleeper.
"You got back into Vancouver at
about noon on Sunday and for all that
you got paid fifty bucks. It's easier now
— you can hop a plane to Kelowna or
Prince George or Cranbrook — but it's
still very demanding in terms of time
and energy."
Sitting in his warmly-furnished office
on the seventh floor of the Henry Angus
Building, Dean Hall turns again to his
other major interest — the state of labor
relations in the province and the role of
mediators and arbitrators in those
In April, 1970, Dr. Hall caused a considerable stir with a speech he made to
the Vancouver Board of Trade. At the
time the province was plagued with a
large number of major labor disputes.
He enumerated them, said he felt it
wasn't his purpose to judge their individual merits, then added, "What concerns me is that they did occur and that
many of them persist with a bitterness,
with feelings of deep-seated hatred that
I believe outstrips anything we have
seen in the past 15 or 20 years."
That was four years ago. Today does
he feel that there has been a change in
the climate of labor relations in British Columbia? "I'm biased on this because
last year I spent thousands and
thousands of hours working on revisions to the provincial labor code. I'm
biased in the sense that I think there's
been a very dramatic improvement in
our legislation to deal with industrial
"The calibre of people attracted to
the labor department and to the Labor
Relations Board has improved so vastly
that I'm convinced the climate is a healthier one. But it's not necessarily an
easier one in which to operate because
of the very rapid rate of inflation. But
the climate is a healthier one and I think
that now there is more genuine effort
going into collective bargaining with a
view to finding effective solutions."
Dean Hall sees the role of the
mediator-arbitrator-conciliator as akin
to that of a marriage counsellor. "It's
really quite amazing how by just being
an outsider and being somewhat ignorant of the specific problems involved,
you can help the parties to take a different look at their difficulties."
He says the most important thing for
an intervening party to do is to avoid
becoming emotionally involved in the
dispute. If that happens, all effectiveness is lost, he says. Similarly, he must
continually avoid being pulled into the
political strategies of either party. "A
very vital part of the whole process is
the integrity of the intervening individual, and if that ever starts to break down,
you're really in trouble." says Dr. Hall.
Over the years he has taken criticism
from both union and management leaders for some of his decisions — something which likely points to his
carefully-guarded impartiality in such
The criticism, he says, doesn't bother
him personally because he sees what
lies behind it. "People in leadership positions such as those in trade unions and
in management have their own political
processes that they must satisfy on their
own sides of the fence and in their own
constituencies. Very often when criticisms come out like that they're not directed at the third party who intervened, but they're part of the whole
staging that goes on in labor disputes.
"A union leader fights like the devil at
the bargaining table and he knows that
he has got to go back to a membership
group and convince them that he got
everything that they could possibly
have gotten. Often they have to set the
stage for that and sometimes the third
party is set up as a whipping boy."
What does disturb him about public
criticism of mediators is the effect that it
can have of worsening the extreme
shortage of individuals who are acceptable to step into labor disputes. As Hall
says, it is a difficult job and a relatively
thankless one. and public criticism can
be a strong deterrent to anyone who
might otherwise be willing to take it on.
The shortage of capable mediators
continually concerns him. He says
there have been discussions about the
possibility of establishing some sort of
graduate program in this field, but so far
it has only been discussion.
"The problem with mediation is that
you don't know what skills are required
— you can only really acquire them by
doing it. There is a lot of bluffing and
staging to it — sometimes it's just like a
poker game.
"I've often thought that what we
should have is a system of apprenticeship. When an experienced mediator is
working in a dispute, he could have two
or three people who would sit in with
him as assistants, or in a big dispute you
could break up the areas of contention
and have the assistants take on segments of it."
Dr. Hall feels it would take very little
to convince bargaining parties to put
their trust in two or three parties rather
than in one person as they do now. The
result could be a considerably expanded
pool of talent which could be called on
to help reduce industrial strife. □
Murray McMillan, is a first year law
student and part-time writer for the
Some people claim that newspapers tend to feature the sensational, the violent
and the controversial... that the only news to get reported is "bad news". There's
some justification in the charge for the simple reason that so many of the events
which affect people all over the world are, indeed, shocking and violent. Wars,
earthquakes, floods, acts of political terrorism: events of this kind have occurred with
alarming frequency in recent years —and when they do occur, they rate front-page
coverage because they affect so many people so deeply. These are the news stories
you tend to remember —but if you analyzed those front-page features over a period
of time, you'd find a great deal of news coverage that was rather ordinary in nature.
Stories on the new tax structure; on the calling of an election, on the opening of
a new National Park. These are just as important, in their own way, as major world
events — and they rate serious consideration from this newspaper. But until the
world becomes a saner place, we can't ignore the events which cause shock and
outrage. Not unless we give up on the basic job of a daily newspaper.
to ®he IPancoiwer Sm
17 Polio. The word is neutral, meaningless to kids today, but if you were a kid
in the late Forties you knew all about
polio and you feared it as though it
were the Black Plague returned. Practically everyone had some personal
brush with its crippling, often fatal effects. A kid I knew got it and when he
emerged, with shrivelled arms and legs,
from the iron lung, he was paralyzed
from the waist down. He's still in a
wheelchair today.
If ever there was a scientific discovery that brought relief to millions it was
Dr. Jonas Salk's discovery in 1953 of a
polio vaccine. Significantly, the work
that led to the final breakthrough at the
University of Pittsburgh was done in
typical American style: in a huge lab,
amply-staffed and lavishly bankrolled
by the National Foundation for Infantile Paralysis as part of a highly-
publicized campaign to wipe out the
dread disease (one year the March of
Dimes raised $50 million for the foundation). Today polio is virtually nonexistent.
The development of polio vaccine is
one of the most dramatic examples of
the practical value of medical research.
Aside from saving lives and eliminating
suffering, the fact that people no longer
catch the disease and need hospitalization has resulted in financial savings estimated at about $11 for every one dollar invested in the original research.
Jonas Salk. Canadian researchers,
faced with the federal government's
current niggardliness toward medical
research, are prone these days to in-
18 The Crisis in Medical Research
A New Political Football
Clive Cocking
voke his name — eagerly in justification of pleas for increased support and
gloomily as a sort of unattainable ideal.
After all, one of the great Canadian
medical discoveries, that of insulin by
Sir Frederick Banting and Dr. Charles
Best, was carried out in a squalid attic
laboratory of the University of Toronto
with minimal equipment and less
money. And it might easily be assumed
that this was more the Canadian style
of research — judging from the government's recent myopic unconcern
with the fate of medical research .
There is a crisis in medical research
in Canada, an absurd, unnecessary
crisis created by the federal government's lack of appreciation of the value
of basic research. In recent years, the
federal government's allocations to the
Medical Research Council, which
funds most of Canada's basic medical
research, have not kept pace with
either expansion of medical schools or
inflation. For 1974-75. the MRC projected that $45 million would be needed
to keep Canadian research progressing,
but the government granted only $41.4
million — $3.6 million less than needed
and a mere 2.7 per cent increase over
the previous year.
Scientists are not inclined to panic.
So it was significant a few months ago
that the Canadian Society for Clinical
Investigation, the Canadian Federation
of Biological Societies and the Association of Canadian Medical Colleges
combined in a joint brief to the government {Medical Research: The Immediate Need for Increased Funding)
warning that research was not something that could be turned on and off,
and that, if the crisis was not ended, it
could do irreparable damage to the research effort.
"The trends of the 1970s indicate a
gradual whittling away of the research
capability that has been steadily built
up," the brief said. "Unless the process is halted and reversed, the loss
will be felt throughout Canada's health
It's all part of a deteriorating climate
for basic science in Canada. Other
areas of pure scientific research have
been hit by a similar freeze in National
Research Council grants, while government support for applied or
"mission-oriented" research goes up.
There is no coherent, balanced government science policy simply, it
seems, because it fails to understand
that pure research and applied research
go together. Health Minister Marc
Lalonde. on his part, appears to feel
that medical research is not vital to national survival — like, say, Canadian
professional football.
"Canada puts a smaller fraction of
its gross national product into research
of all kinds than many other countries,
including Holland, which spends twice
as much per capita on medical research
as does Canada," said UBC Dean of
Medicine, Dr. David Bates. "The annual research budget of the Phillips
Electrical Company in Holland for
basic research — not product development — is $100 million a year.
We're spending on all medical research
in Canada from the MRC rather less
than half of what one company in Holland believes it ought to be spending
on basic research."
The crisis is affecting medical research at all Canadian universities. But
UBC* is among the hardest hit. with
both the research ambitions of established faculty and the career opportunities of young researchers suddenly
looking much darker.
Across the country, countless
worthwhile projects are now struggling
along on inadequate funds, or being cut
off support entirely. Many promising
new proposals are being flatly rejected
as beyond the means of MRC. A recent one involved a request from two
University of Toronto researchers for
$1 million over five years: they have
developed a computerized machine
that simulates the performance of a
normal pancreas and believe they can
develop it into a portable artificial pancreas for diabetics, which could possibly be implanted.
It has reached the stage now where
the Medical Research Council supports fewer researchers, either through
operating grants or personnel support
programs (MRC associates, scholars,
fellows, students) than it did in 1970-71.
The number of faculty at Canadian
universities receiving MRC operating
grants has dropped from 1.405 in 1970-
71 to 1,325 in 1973-74. and the number
of individuals supported through MRC
personnel programs has dropped over
the same period from 876 to 813 — and
the numbers in both categories are un-
19 Health minister Marc
Lalonde, on his part,
appears to feel that
medical research is not
vital to national survival -
like, say Canadian
professional football.
doubtedly smaller today. The MRC
has proposed a budget of $50.5 million
to meet 1975-76 needs — and restore
cutback programs — but there's no
sign that the federal government is
ready to loosen its purse strings.
At UBC. the crisis in medical research reflects not only the chaos in national science policy, but also some
serious inadequacies in campus research facilities. Despite some increase
in health sciences faculty. UBC's share
of MRC grants is proportionately less
— and less in per capita terms — today
than it was in 1969-70.
"We're essentially in the same place
now as we were five years ago in terms
of total MRC grants." said Dr.
Richard Spratley, UBC research administrator. "We receive roughly $2
million annually and this hasn't fluctuated very much in the five-year
period, whereas the funds that MRC
has to give out have increased about 40
per cent in the same period. So we're
getting a decreasing fraction of the
UBC researchers received
$1,919,533 in 1969-70; in 1973-74 they
received $1,922,723 (which was a drop
of $154,864 over the previous year).
The final figures for 1974-75 are not available, but UBC associate dean of
medicine, Dr. William Webber estimates that MRC grants will be down a
further 25 per cent.
With the galloping inflation of recent
years, the average UBC medical researcher is much worse off today than
five years ago. Dr. Spratley estimates
that per capita health science grants at
UBC have dropped 33 per cent in
terms of real buying power: in 1969 dollars they were $23,058 in 1969-70 and
only $15,331 in 1973-74.
The shortage of MRC funds means
not only that worthwhile research projects are not being financed or are being
allowed to die for lack of support, but
that the opportunities for young people
to enter medical research are being abruptly closed off. In the long term, this
is potentially the most serious aspect to
the current crisis.
"It takes a very long time to build up
a reasonable research base and Canada
has been moderately successful in
this," said Dr. William Webber. "But
it's very easy to tear that down and it's
very easy to discourage young people
from viewing medical research as a
career. And if you discourage young
people from even considering that as a
career because of uncertainties of support, then in the long run that's going to
have very deleterious effects on research and ultimately on medical
Dr. William Polglase, professor of
biochemistry, whose research into
metabolic regulation has attracted international  interest,  was recently in-
20 formed that his $30,000 MRC grant will
be terminated next spring. Most of his
grant went to salaries for his support
staff of graduate students and technicians.
"Unless the grant is renewed, there
is no way anybody other than myself
will be working on this research," said
Dr. Polglase. "The number of people
working with me in the lab could drop
from five to zero next spring."
The drift away from careers in medical research may already have begun.
Dr. Polglase has just lost one excellent,
experienced technician to (of all places)
a downtown department store; a postdoctoral fellow who had been working
with another biochemist has decided
instead to take a master of business
administration degree; the number of
MDs embarking on research careers
has dropped and graduate enrolment in
several of the basic health sciences has
declined — in biochemistry it is only
one-half what it was three years ago.
This is critical because research is
not something that can be turned on
and off like a tap: stability and orderly
development are needed for progress.
Highly publicized breakthroughs are
rare and do not properly reflect what
research really involves — and that is a
lot of laborious work over many years
by many investigators, each contributing a new piece of knowledge. Only
with a solid base — in personnel and
knowledge — can there be a big breakthrough.
The crisis has also created some
curious anomalies. Chemistry professor Dr. James Kutney. for example, is
engaged in research aimed at developing improved chemical compounds for
use in drugs treating a variety of blood
cancers. He had had a $10,000 MRC
grant and applied for an increase to expand his research: he was given a terminal grant this year of $2,500. The
U.S. National Institute of Health,
however, came through with a grant of
"One criteron of the National Institute of Health — and of American
agencies in general — is that the
(foreign) research must be so unique
that it can't be done within the borders
of the U.S.," said Dr. Kutney. "That
is so difficult to meet that very few
people outside the borders of the U.S.
are able to get American research
funds. It's amazing to me that a project
which has direct clinical significance
doesn't seem worthy of support by a
Canadian agency, but is to an American agency."
This is an unusual case, but one
which is indicative of the confusion and
arbitrariness which has developed in
medical research funding due to the severe shortage of money. But what concerns many UBC medical scientists
more is the fact that the crisis has high-
It's amazing to me that a
project which has direct
clinical significance
doesn't seem worthy of
support by a Canadian
agency, but it is to an
American agency.
21 / don't think we've had a
federal government which
has within itself any
appreciation of the science
component of modern
lighted some serious inadequacies in
campus research facilities.
The success rate in the grants
sweepstakes for UBC medical research
faculty has been steadily dropping. In
1973-74, approximately 78 per cent of
faculty applying for MRC operating
grants were successful, but only 69 per
cent of the 1974-75 applications were
successful. The approved projects do
not always receive full financial support, but where 63 per cent got all the
money requested in 1973-74, only 42
percent did in 1974-75. Of those receiving MRC support. I 1 per cent received
terminal grants in 1973-74. but 32 per
cent are being cut off at the end of the
1974-75 year.
Biochemistry professor Dr. Mike
Smith, whose $50,000 MRC grant —
largest on campus — for research into
aspects of cell differentiation was recently renewed, believes UBC is not
doing as well in attracting MRC grants
relative to other universities because
the university's poor health sciences
research facilities makes it hard to keep
and attract top researchers. And because of the shortage of money, the
standard for grant eligibility has been
raised from five to 6.7 in the MRC peer
review committees' scale.
"The number of grants you get relates in a direct way to the number of
investigators you have on faculty who
score highest in the grants competition." said Dr. Smith. "So this is both
a quality and quantitative thing. Part of
the reason UBC has been dropping is
that we've had some excellent people
leave who received very good research
support. The two instances that come
to mind involve one man from our department, who is now at Calgary, and
then a biochemist who was in pharmacology who is also now at Calgary. Both
of them are absolutely first-class people
who left out of frustration."
They left, he said, because the
biochemistry department is absurdly
cramped for research space and pitifully small for a university UBC's size.
To properly cover the spectrum of the
rapidly growing field of biochemistry a
good department should have 20 faculty members. Dr. Smith said, but
UBC has only 12. "Our department
has now been looking for a chairman
for two years: people won't come and
accept the job simply because it's not
attractive physically."
Dr. David Bates, dean of medicine,
points out that UBC does have some
excellent research scientists in the
health sciences, but it is true that the
university's medical research potential
has been handicapped for at least a decade by a chronic shortage of laboratory space, particularly in the clinical
areas as well as biochemistry. If there's
no space, there's no research. UBC is
certainly   not   equipped   to   attract   a
major MRC team grant such as the
University of Alberta at Edmonton recently received — $3 million for a protein and enzyme study.
"We've been completely outpaced
by other medical schools, including
Edmonton,Calgary. McMaster and
McGill, because of grossly deficient
space," he said. "Now some additional space is needed in the basic sciences, but when you look at the totality, we have for the whole faculty only
about 50,000 square feet of space for
research — and that is less than McGill
has for half of its department of
medicine alone.
"The deficiencies go right across all
clinical areas. In medicine and surgery
there is virtually no proper laboratory
opportunity. We couldn't have a first-
class group doing research in cardiology or immunology at the clinical level,
or nephrology to some extent. There is
no research space for anesthesia, one
of their faculty members does all his
research in the pharmacology laboratory on campus because he has no room
in his own area. Pediatrics is a sort of
pinch-hit operation, making use of old
labs at the Children's Hospital, but incredibly compressed in the Health Sciences Centre. The people in obstetrics
are working in a basement, in a very
antiquated building with a few rooms
converted for this purpose."
UBC has only about one-fifth the national norm in medical research space
— to catch up it should have about
250.000 square feet. The planning for
the new B.C. Medical Centre — which
incorporates UBC and the downtown
hospitals into the province's major referral, education and research centre —
is currently projecting the addition of
150,000 square feet of new research
space. Expansion of this magnitude
will be a tremendous help in resolving
the current problem — but it won't do
much good unless the federal government changes its policy and provides
more money for medical research and
on a long-term stable plan.
"The answer, to my mind, is education of the federal government," said
Dr. David Bates. "I really mean that,
in the sense that I don't think we've
had a federal government which has
within itself any appreciation of the
science component of modern society,
not at any level."
That's obviously the solution. But it
won't be easy educating those
football-groupies of Ottawa in the importance and value of pure science.
What would really help would be if
Canadian researchers had a big medical
discovery with lots of mass appeal that
could be pointed to as an example.... Is
there a Dr. Jonas Salk in the house? D
Former Chronicle editor, Clive Cocking, is a free-lance writer and broadcaster in Vancouver.
22 When you're making a convention pitch to the
Planning Committee, the Chairman of the Board,
the President and the Vice-President in Charge
of Corporate Affairs, it's nice to know there's
someone on your side.
If the thought of all the work involved
in preparing or delivering a convention pitch
to head office has put you off in the past,
we'd like to offer some assistance in
the future.
Your province has a Convention
Planning Department who offer their
expertise free to anyone planning to have a
convention here in British Columbia.
The people from the Department of
Travel Industry will back you to the hilt with
all the pertinent material you'll need to sell
British Columbia as one of the world's great
holiday areas.
Material like colourful posters and
brochures, with all the facts and figures on
accommodations, meeting room capacities,
availability of special facilities and
audio-visual equipment.
And our assistance doesn't stop once
you've convinced them.
We'll work right with you from then on
in advising, organizing and equipping your
company for a conference they won't
soon forget.
If we can be of any assistance, don't
hesitate to contact our Director of Meetings
and Conventions at 1019 Wharf Street,
Victoria, B.C. for more information.
The Government of British Columbia
Department of Travel Industry
We're here to help.
23  (Clockwise, from above)
Glen Brae, an old Shaughnessy
mansion with a third floor ballroom	
The Tower of Darkness, on the site of
the original Hotel Vancouver and its
successor, a parking lot. Actually it's
the Toronto Dominion Tower which
shares the block with Eatons	
"Boomtown" buildings on Powell
Street built after the 1886 fire.... An
example of Beaux-arts classicism, a
post office turned RCMP
headquarters.... Row upon row of
Kitsilano houses, these on McDonald
Street In 1930 the largest and finest
office building in Vancouver was the
Marine Building, with Art Deco icing
and topped with a pyramid.
Geoff Hancock
A professor and a professional photographer have come up with the smart
idea of a Vancouver guidebook. Not a
gourmet restaurant or a flashy nightspot
catalogue but a guidebook through the
architectural history of the city. They
took the French Michelin Guide, pulled
out the castles and public gardens, put
Vancouver between its sturdy pages
and designed a series of tours as various
and classy as any foreign excursion but
without the tour guide's chatter and
jokes told in five languages.
Where is the smallest building in
Vancouver? The ugliest? The oldest?
Which supper club used to be the terminus for the Vancouver, Westminster
and Yukon Railway which linked the
city to Seattle in 1904? What happened
to Vancouver's first firehall?
The only way to discover these
things, author Harold Kalman said, is to
get out and look for them.
Kalman. who came from Montreal
seven years ago, is a confessed super-
tourist. "I like walking." he said simply. As associate professor in fine arts
at UBC teaching first year general introduction courses and graduate seminars on Canadian architecture, he's
naturally interested in older buildings.
"Older buildings are a resource. Just as
landscapes are a natural resource, buildings are a synthetic resource."
He added that if you want to have
architecture to teach, you have to have
some left. Kalman. tourist and teacher
is also a conservationist. "If we want
the city to became a good or better city
we have to husband our resources properly. We have to protect the good old
things and replace the bad old things."
To separate the architectural wheat
from the hodgepodge building chaff
takes a combination of intuitive ability
and factual knowledge he said.
As a field guide Exploring Vancouver
encourages residents and visitors to use
the city, to make it work for them. Instead of a clutter of buildings and houses
the authors zoom in forcloseups, pointing out special features and ways designers have responded to Vancouver's
unique geography.
A concise text. John Roaf s finely detailed photographs and maps are all the
beginning explorer needs. But the
book's serious users can consider themselves well armed with a glossary, a bibliography and an architect's index. The
book is triple barrelled; a tour guide, a
reading book and a reference text.
It all started a few years ago. Kalman
was taking friends on private tours as
well as leading a Gastown tour. From
Exploring Vancouver, by Harold
Kalman, photography   by John Roaf,
University of British Columbia Press,
Vancouver, B.C., $5.95.
25 Burrard bridge (top) crossed False
Creek in 1930 with steel beams,
concrete boats and flaming lanterns...
In Memoriam, 1974, the Birks building
In 1909 the Chinese Benevolent
Society built a headquarters on Pender
Street, complete with wrought iron and
rusticated stone Le Corbusier
praised grain elevators because their
design resulted from engineers "simply
guided by the results of calculations".
The Saskatchewan Wheat Pool
elevator (below) is one of the newest.
these the idea of a book with ten tours
developed. "Actually nine and a half
tours with Simon Fraser University,"
Kalman said.
Books like this have been done in
other cities but Kalman didn't like them
because they were too technical for the
layman or too shallow and nebulous.
"It's no accident the book is the same
shape as the Michelin Guide," Kalman
said. "The long and narrow shape
makes it unattractive to hold and read
but it fits into a back pocket." He demonstrated and the book fit the pocket
Kalman emphasized "it's a get out
and do it" book. "Maybe a coupon
should be enclosed for a walking shoe
discount," he added. Experienced
tourists will be glad to hear the binding
is sewn. The book won't fall apart if the
pages are bent back.
Kalman said he was absolutely delighted with the photographs. "But despite their excellence, and John did a
fine job, a one and a half inch photo
doesn't have the impact value of standing in front of the building or walking
down the street." The 1000 block Rob-
sonstrasse, for example, has no distinguishing features and makes a plain
photograph. The special qualities of the
street can only be appreciated on foot.
Lots of things have been left out,
Kalman says. "What an idea, dividing a
city of one million into ten tours. It's
impossible to be comprehensive."
The book suggests six walking tours
of one and a half to two hours and four
driving tours up to a day long. The tours
follow roughly the geographical and
chronological development of Vancouver but participants are encouraged
to follow their noses up intriguing
Exploring Vancouver plays down the
serious research which architectural
historian Kalman has put into the book.
"The book lacks footnotes, but It's surprising just how many sources were
consulted," he said. Sources include "a
creative use of the good old-fashioned
city directory, coming out regularly
since 1888", archives, private interviews and the student researchers to
whom the book is dedicated.
Photographer John Roaf had two
main problems, Kalman said. "One was
coming to terms with trolley wires. But
they're part of the texture of the city so
John exploited them in his pictures."
Instead of ugly wires criss-crossing
Roaf lined up the wires in attractive
The other problem was 'invisible'
houses that can't be seen from the
street. Kalman cautions viewers in the
introduction that the fact a house is included in the book is not an invitation to
intrude upon the privacy of the owner.
But "John didn't get bitten by any dogs
or tear his clothes on barbed wire or drop any cameras down sewer holes."
Kalman's favourite tour is
Chinatown-Strathcona. Then False
Creek, "a fun tour", followed by the
West End, the North Shore and
Shaughnessy Heights. "Certainly not
Gastown," he said candidly. "Gastown is a bore. Too much press exposure. It was good five years ago but now
the other tours have more surprises.
They say a lot about people, the unknown residents of Vancouver. Little
surprises. Like a factory in a back yard.
But readers have to discover that themselves." Kalman wouldn't say where.
Nor would he single out a favourite
building at the expense of others. But he
did have a preference for "low" architecture. "A Strathcona cabin or a
Kitsilano two storey turns me on. These
are buildings made for people to live
in." Kalman said.
Kitsilano (named after Chief
Khahtsahlano whose village near Prospect Point was appropriated for Stanley
Park) is unique because of the
thousands of two storey single family
dwellings built between 1910-1920.
"These anonymous structures give texture to most of the city." he said.
On the other hand, landmarks, which
Kalman defines as buildings of "high"
architectural quality, not necessarily
height, are the focuses around which the
city revolves. "The Birks Building, for
example, was a landmark which defined
Georgia and Granville." Kalman said.
"The other buildings were the texture
that defined the Birks."
All the buildings destroyed while
Kalman was writing the book are included in the final pages of Exploring
Vancouver, titled "In Memoriam".
Kalman said the demolition of the
Birks Building was one of Vancouver's
great tragedies because it was being replaced with a building scaled to automobile size at the same time Granville
Street is becoming a pedestrian mall.
Kalman feels it is too early to tell
whether or not the Granville Mall will
be successful. But he added that he intuitively fears and disklikes it.
Readers, who consider themselves,
like Kalman. to be "city" persons, will
enjoy Exploring Vancouver. Luckily,
for them, the book doesn't reveal everything about the city. An explorer of
good cheer and with a couple of hours to
spare can discover all sorts of leftover
nooks and crannies. And unlike the
Michelin tours, there won't be a postcard salesman in sight, n
John Roaf says that in the early '60s he
was "a professional student" at UBC,
trying arts, engineering and finally
architecture which led him to his
present career of architectural
photographer. Author, Geoff Hancock,
BFA'73, is completing his masters
degree in creative writing at UBC.
Offices to serve you at
900 W. Pender St., Vancouver
590 W. Pender St., Vancouver
130 E. Pender St., Vancouver
2996 Granville St., Vancouver
6447 Fraser St., Vancouver
538 6th St., New Westminster
1424 Johnston Rd., White Rock
737 Fort St., Victoria
518 5th Ave. S.W..Calgary
Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
27 The Long Watch
for the War That Never Came    Peter M00gk
Old Fort UBC. Sound a little farfetched? It's not. There was a time
when part of the university's present
campus was officially designated as a
"fortress area".
The history of the fortifications on
Point Grey began in the summer of
1914. When war was declared against
Germany in July, Vancouver had no
permanent defences. The naval forces
based at Esquimalt, on Vancouver Island, consisted of H.M.C.S. Rainbow,
an obsolete cruiser used for training,
and two British sloops-of-war, then in
Mexican waters. Between these two
and their home port lay the Leipzig, a
German cruiser. When Rainbow left
with a scratch crew of volunteers to rescue the sloops, British Columbians
were thrown into a panic. Another
German warship, Niirnberg, was reported to be steaming toward the coast
and there were four other raiders on the
loose in the Pacific. There was nothing
to prevent them from attacking the seaports of B.C.
Rainbow and the sloops, Algerine
and Shearwater returned safely in
mid-August. H.M.S. Shearwater at
once unloaded two naval guns for positioning in Stanley Park. Two five-inch
guns from the Cobourg Heavy Battery
of Ontario arrived by rail. According to
one eyewitness, it was a "sweltering
day" in early September when "drawn
by trucks, the gun carriages rumbled
through downtown streets and out to
Point Grey, where positions had been
prepared, about half a mile east of the
present washout gully". As the guns
were rolled into position, one was found
to have a cracked breech-block; sabotage was suspected but never proven.
The German scare subsided that au-
tumn with the arrival of more friendly
warships at Esquimalt. One of these,
ironically, was the Izumo, a Japanese
cruiser supplied under the Anglo-
Japanese Treaty of 191 1. With this reassurance, the Point Grey guns were
withdrawn. The Stanley Park fortifications were reinforced, but with the return of peace in 1918, Vancouver reverted to its former defenceless state.
The improvised batteries of 1914
were a precedent for a 1937 plan to make
the city a "defended port." A counter-
bombardment battery of three six-inch
guns was proposed for Point Grey. Its
function would be to engage vessels approaching Burrard Inlet. A similar
close-defence battery was planned for
Ferguson Point in Stanley Park and
work began there in February 1938.
It was not until late in August 1939,
when war against Nazi Germany
seemed inevitable, that action was
taken at Point Grey. The militia was
mobilized on a weekend and men
laboured on the headland at night.under
floodlights and all day. despite rain.
Theo DuMoulin, who commanded the
guns at the point in 1939-1941, remembered the furious pace of construction.
Quick-drying cement was rushed in
from Seattle for two temporary gun
platforms near the cliff to support six-
inch coastal guns obtained from
Behind the gun platforms, the workers built permanent installations of reinforced concrete. There were three circular gun emplacements with underground magazines and connecting tunnels and an elevated command post
overlooking the entire battery. The site
was a part of the campus formerly enclosed by Marine Drive as it skirted the
Shrouded in camouflage nettingjhe
UBC guns awaited an attack by sea.
point. The road was straightened to the
present route of Marine Drive, to
bypass the headland, now a military
The wartime defences of Vancouver
were more extensive than the two batteries planned in 1937. A fort at the First
Narrows guarded the passage into the
harbour and an examination gun was
located at Point Atkinson. Steveston,
south of Vancouver on the Fraser
River, had its own little battery until
1943. The posts were linked by a communications network and from 1942
onward they were coordinated by a fire
command post at West Bay, on the
North Shore. In the same year the installation of the battery searchlights was
completed. The towers for two of these
lights remain below the point on
"Towers Beach."
The militiamen who served the
coastal guns of the lower mainland were
from the 15th Coast (formerly Field)
Brigade, Royal Canadian Artillery. Its
58th heavy battery took charge of the
Point Grey fort.
The bane of the coastal gunners was
the long watch for the attack that never
came. They can be pardoned for occasionally surrendering to the urge to use
their guns on recalcitrant vessels that
did not reply to the signal lamps with the
proper countersign. Point Grey was
equipped with a six-pounder gun that
fired solid shot across the bows of such
ships. Five or six rounds with accompanying splashes were required to catch
the attention of some skippers. In the
summer of 1943 the gunners of Narrows North had the misfortune to fire ahead
of a fishing boat and then to see the shell
ricochet off the water to hit a freighter
amidships. The distressed freighter
was beached at Kitsilano.
Vancouver's guns were really a last
line of defence. The waters off British
Columbia were patrolled by destroyers
of the Royal Canadian Navy and by
aircraft  of the   Royal   Canadian   Air
Force. Any warship intent on reaching
Vancouver   would   have   to   pass   the
heavy batteries of Victoria. Esquimalt
or. if coming from the north, evade the
guns  of  Yorke   Island   in  Johnstone
Strait.  As Vancouverites rightly suspected, naval bombardment   was unlikely. A carrier borne air attack was
more   probable    but   the   city's   antiaircraft defences were inadequate. The
community nervousness just after Pearl
Harbour   was   understandable.   Vancouver received its quota of anti-aircraft
guns in early 1942; a few months later
Japan's navy lost its offensive capacity.
In a morale boosting article of 1940. a
British journalist described "The big
guns that guard British Columbia's vital
harbours." The description could have
applied to the fort at Point Grey —
"Mounted    on    huge    concrete
emplacements stand the guns, terrific chunks of metal and tiny pieces
of intricate mechanism, all balanced
so finely that the whole can be turned
and twisted by means of a wheel
worked between the fingers of one
"Underneath    are    miniature
Maginot Lines, long concrete subterranean tunnels extending hundreds
of yards between observation posts
and  the guns, and through  which
ammunition can be brought without
exposure to enemy fire. Far beneath
the   guns   are   magazines,   holding
supplies of explosives and shells."
The Point Grey battery was. like the
Maginot Line, not exactly invincible.
Because the guns could only be elevated
fifteen degrees, their range was limited
to eight miles. Gun No. 3. in the southernmost emplacement, had a bore so
worn and pitted that it was never to be
fired "except inaction." At some risk, a
test  firing  was  successfully  made  in
The Japanese threat had receded by
1944 when the artillery detachment on
the campus was reduced. Fort Camp
was vacated at the end of the war and for
two or three more years the guns were
maintained by a caretaker detachment.
Eventually the upper camp and then
the battery were taken over in 1950 by
the university.
Dr. Gordon Shrum. retired dean of
graduate studies and commander of the
campus Canadian Officers Training
Corps from 1937 to 1946. recalled that
when Fort Camp was acquired by U BC
in 1946. it consisted of six long huts, a
mess-hall, and a few smaller buildings.
On his initiative, huts from the Tofino
air base were brought by barge to be
added to these. Building materials were
in short supply and the additional huts
were reconstructed with nails that had
been straightened by the students.
Heating pipes only came after Christmas. But despite its deficiencies, the
camp filled an urgent need for accommodation for a student body that had
Fort Camp is no more; its last remains cleared away to make room for
the new anthropology museum. The
museum, now almost completed, straddles the battery whose centre section
has been partly demolished and partly
incorporated in the museum plans. One
overgrown gun-emplacement stands
apart ; nd intact at the north end of the
site. Plans are for it to be covered and
disguised as part of an oriental garden.
It seems a rather sad and incongruous
fate for part of our history. A part that
evokes memories of the wartime fears
of British Columbians, of the citizen-
soldiers who manned the post and of
that time when UBC was at war. □
A self-confessed military history buff.
Peter Moogk, is an assistant professor
of history at UBC.
Come to where the
$500 up
Prior withdrawal of 180 Day Term
Deposits permitted at any time. If
withdrawn 30 days or more after the
date of deposit interest will be paid
at the rate of 91/a% per annum.
$500 up
to 365
Prior withdrawal of One Year Term
Deposits permitted at any time. If
withdrawn 30 days or more after the
date of deposit interest will be paid
at the rate of 10%  per annum.
"AU rates subject to change without notice."
Prior withdrawal
not permitted
Prior withdrawal
not permitted
Come in and discuss. . .
The new concept in Term Deposits
"Interest is paid when the deposit is made "
The Provincial Share and Deposit
Guarantee Fund
protects tie shares and deposits of all
individuals in every credit union
in British Columbia.
Offices in Vancouver, West Vancouver and North Burnaby
Hours of business 9 a.m.- 5 p.m. — Fri.9 a.m.- 6 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Closed Monday
29 M
Reunion Days'74:
Once More Round
the Floor
The dance floor at the old Commodore
Cabaret was jammed with people, just like
in the old days, (shades of Engineers'Balls
and Mardi Gras' gone by) when over 400
alumni and guests, from the classes of '39,
'44 and '49 gathered for Reunion Days, October 19. There was even a congo line. UBC
president Walter Gage, in his "last
homecoming as president of the university"
led them all in a spirited version of "Al-
louette". Harry Franklin, alumni executive
director, followed this up with a few selections from his repertoire of UBC songs.
There was a faint request heard among the
singing crowd, that "please next year, could
the type on the song sheets be larger. Either
my glasses are too weak or my arms too
Out on the campus another 300 grads saluted the university and each other at gatherings at the Faculty Club, International
House and the Graduate Student Centre.
Nearly 200 turned out for the Saturday
campus bus tours and hot toddy at Cecil
Green Park.
The planning for the individual reunions is
done by class representatives under the
overall coordination of the reunions chairperson — this year, Judy Shark Atkinson,
On the buses - Reunion Days style.
Returning alumni got UBC's deluxe tour of
the campus - and seemed lo enjoy it. (Rif-ht)
President Gage greets an old friend.
Malcolm Knapp (right), professor
emeritus of forestry al the Commodore
BA'65. BLS'69 — and the alumni office
staff. Perry Goldsmith, program director and
Alvia Stymiest. So. if your reunion is coming
up next year (all those years ending in "5"
or "0") and you'd like to get involved contact the alumni office. 6251 NW Marine
Drive, Vancouver V6T 1A6, (228-3313).
They'd like to hear from you.
Fame and Fortune
For Creative Writers
If you listen very carefully you can hear the
sounds of pens on paper and tapping typewriters as the budding authors among the student population prepare their entries for this
year's edition of the Chronicle Creative
Writing Contest.
The final date for entries is January 31,
1975. when all entries must be received at
the alumni office. Cecil Green Park. The
prizes, provided through a grant from the
Alumni Fund are a first prize of $250 and
four recognition awards of $25 each. Winning entries will also be considered for publication in the Chronicle. Entry is open to all
students registered at UBC. full-time or
part-time, but only one entry per person is
allowed. For full details contact the alumni
office, 228-3313.
Visits Branches
There needs to be a new partnership between the academic community and society.
That's how UBC's president-designate. Dr.
Douglas T. Kenny, summed up the challenge
presented to the university in today's society.
He was speaking to a group of nearly 100
alumni and community representatives —
including a group of high school students —
at an October 25 meeting in Kelowna. This
was Dr. Kenny's first official visit to an
alumni branch. He was accompanied by
Gordon Blankstein. Alma Mater Society
president, who introduced Kenny to the
The major concern of the university is and
"must continue to be in the education and
welfare of our young people and of all those who can benefit from higher education".
Kenny said. "Citizens of the province", he
said, "have every right to expect their university to bring all its resources in teaching,
research and public service to the solutions
of their problems. The challenge that faces
UBC and all universities today is to ensure
wider opportunities for a life of equality and
fairness for a greater number of people."
Branches Resume
On November 15 Kamloops alumni also
had an opportunity to meet Dr. Kenny and
Gordon Blankstein at an alumni luncheon.
While in Kamloops. Dr. Kenny visited
Cariboo College and the UBC native Indian
teacher education project based in the area.
Alumni branches all over the map have
been bursting with activity. Kitimat area
alumni gathered to hear UBC's dean of science, Dr. George Volkoff on "Higher Education Soviet Style". In Montreal, local
alumni were brought up-to-date on UBC by
John Parks, branch committee chairman and
a new alumni slide show. A sell-out audience in Toronto heard Dr. David Suzuki,
UBC professor of zoology, on "Genetics
and the Destiny of Man". UBC's new dean
of women. Dr. Margaret Fulton, was special
guest at the fall meetings of alumni in San
Francisco and Los Angeles. She took the opportunity to fill them in on UBC's plans for
participation in the 1975 International Women's Year, as well as the role her office
takes on the campus of today. Dean Fulton
was accompanied by David Dale-Johnson of
the branches committee.
Victoria Theatre Evenings
Victoria alumni have two important dates
to mark in their calendars for the new year.
On January 21 those happy people — the
student musical society. Mussoc — who
brought you the hit "No. No Nanette" last
year, are visiting the McPherson Playhouse
on their sixth annual trip to Victoria. This
year's production is "George M!" You'll be
invited to the opening night followed by a
reception and a chance to meet the cast and
crew (tap shoes optional). Watch your mail
for an invitation with all the details.
Canada's Stratford Shakespearean Festival is on its first Canada-wide tour, and it
visits Victoria in March. Alumni are invited
to the opening night. March 21. — complete
Among the Toronto alumni and guests who
gathered to meet David Suzuki Hop, right)
were Tom Stevens, BA '53 and his wife,
Kathleen. In Kelowna. (above, middle)
alumni association president. Chuck
Campbell (left) chats with Gordon
Blankstein and branch president, Don
.labour, BA'57, LLB'58 (centre) while
president-designate Douglas Kenny and
Juliet Crimson Jabour, BSN'58 share a
joke. Just waiting to he brought up-to-date
on UBC are Ken Brae. BASc'46 (above, left)
Mamie Irelon, BSN'66 and Frank Haney,
BASc'45 at the alumni gathering at the
Montreal Press Club.
This year's alumni scholarship and bursary
winners were honored at a reception at Cecil
Green Park in October (left). Dean emerita.
Helen McCrae (right) chairperson of the
alumni awards and scholarships committee
makes a point about university life to the
amusement of award winner Susan
Davidson and her father, Derek.
31 with Stratford trumpets — of "Two Gentlemen of Verona". There is a special discount offer on the best seats in the house for
alumni who are also invited to a theatre
party after the final curtain. Tickets are limited, so you are urged to act quickly. Send
your request for tickets ($7.50/person. this
includes the $1 discount for alumni) to
Theatre, UBC Alumni Association, 6251
NW Marine Drive, Vancouver V6T 1A6.
Cheques payable to Royal Theatre Box
Office re: Stratford Festival. Tickets will be
forwarded to you. We regret that we cannot
accept reservations on this special offer
after December 16, 1974. For information in
Victoria call Kirk Davis, 386-2441.
YAC Yak News
New for YACs
With a record membership year in the offing
the Young Alumni Club is moving into new
program areas.
The first edition of YAC Yak, an informal
newsletter covering campus events — intellectual, cultural, sporting or just for fun —
received an enthusiastic reception from the
club members. Plans are to issue the newsletter three times a year. It's free and if
you'd like to be on the mailing list contact
the alumni office — 228-3313 or fill out a
card at the door during one of the regular
Thursday or Friday sessions at Cecil Green
The ski-nut section of the club membership has been gathering on Friday evenings
for an assortment of exercises guaranteed to
get them in shape for sliding down hills on
those funny shaped boards!'All this activity
is under the direction of Peter Tegart. It is
rumored that the entire group is forced to
repair to Cecil Green afterwards for libations to speed recovery from all that exertion.
Changing of the Guard
— Chronicle Style
They changed the guard at the Chronicle
office with the result that Clive Cocking,
BA'62, longtime editor (seven years!) has
escaped to the world of the free lance writer
and broadcaster. His tenure as editor of the
Chronicle saw several substantial changes
in the magazine, ranging from a policy of
free distribution to all graduates, to an editorial philosophy that attempted to present the
university without rose coloured glasses.
through articles that were informative, interesting and occasionally mildly provocative. In this period the Chronicle was named
one of the best alumni magazines in North
America and the association's "FYI" information program was cited for its excellence by the American Alumni Council.
Executive director, Harry Franklin,
praised Cocking's achievements as editor
and communications director of the alumni
association. "Clive Cocking's contributions
to the programs of the alumni association
have been greatly appreciated. We wish him
every success in his new career." In addition to writing and broadcasting, Clive is
one of the principals involved with the de-
velopment  of a  new  Canadian   speakers
bureau, Contemporary Dialogue.
The new occupant of the editor's chair
and wearer of the communications director's hat is Susan Jamieson MeLarnon,
BA'65, who joined the alumni staff in 1967 as
editorial assistant, later becoming assistant
editor. Before coming to Cecil Green Park
she served as supervisor of arts and crafts.
Winnipeg parks and recreation department
and as an assistant director of a Vancouver
community centre. In addition to editing the
Chronicle she will prepare news releases,
brochures and other material as part of the
association's communications program. Her
replacement as editorial assistant is Barbara
G. Smith, a journalism graduate of Carleton
University, who has recently returned to
Canada from Scotland, where she was on
the editorial staff of an architectural
magazine. □
New Chronicle editor.
Susan Jamieson MeLarnon.
yc* •
The celebrated Chronicle Squash Tournament and Bunfeed had its third annual
run-through in October and Robert Johnson emerged as the glorious winner and holder of
the Squashed Cup Award for Ihe coming year. Co-organizer, Gerry Porter, (above, left)
applauds Ihe efforts of a modes! Perry Goldsmith who placed second in the Flailer division.
Bob Johnson (center) samples some victory champagne. The two other tasters are (left)
Brian Terrell and Geoff Herring, both finalists in the event. (Below) Young Alumni Club
members, Alison Rice, (right) and Pam Ottein are two of the enthusiastic participants in Ihe
pre-ski program. wnnyocHiT
Nelson Skalbania
Something must have rubbed off on Nelson Skalbania, BASc '61, when he was
going through university, or else it was
there all the time. Whatever it is that attracts wealth with style in a short time,
the rest of us would certainly like to have
He is president and major shareholder
of his own engineering firm, McKenzie
Snowball Skalbania and Associates,
only ten years away from a masters degree in earthquake engineering from Cal-
tech, and already glowingly described as
a "financial wunderkind" and tycoon.
He lacks the heavy jowls, though, of the
traditional tycoon, as well as the cigar,
dark pin stripe suit, and big ring. To
shatter the image even further he has
kind of quiet eyes, a soft voice and tends
to be on the spare side of lean. The
casual open necked sports shirt and
beard and moustache look like they've
always been there.
Skalbania derives security from his
engineering work, solid money from real
estate deals (70 per cent of his money is
in real estate), and sparkle from all the
other distractions he picks up and turns
over. In the last ten years, he says he's
had about nine different avocations —
including shipping companies, roofing
and construction companies, two 'English' pubs and several art galleries.
There are several canons which keep
the Skalbania adventure afloat — he tries
to avoid making the same mistake twice,
does not step into anything which would
require too much of his time, and is alert
for the business pleasure of a transaction.
One of the mistakes was five or six
fake paintings (what's one painting more
or less) he purchased in Chile two years
ago. But that hardly counts because the
other 22 he picked up cheaply down
there through a friend (nice, those kind
of friends) were not fake and sparked off
his present Galerie Royale collection on
Granville Street. But Skalbania does not
like to talk about those Chilean paintings
very much, as the tempo of his drumming fingers testifies.
So what is the life expectancy of these
galleries of his (one opened in Calgary in
the fall and one is opening in Edmonton
at the beginning of January)? Are they
easy come, easy go like the real estate
that passes through his hands?
"Oh I'm stuck with those forever.
First of all my intent is to perhaps build
up an inventory of much better quality
paintings, weeding out over the next few
years. And I don't mind socking a lot of
real estate investments into paintings that
I don't have to watch over or supervise —
all I have to remember is to pay the insurance on them...No, I'm in the galleries forever. We have now four or five
hundred different pieces of stock."
And then there are those pubs, the
King's Head in Vancouver's Kitsilano
district and the Horse and Carriage Inn
in the West End, one decorated with
chandeliers and other fixtures from the
old Eatons store which Skalbania owned
and the other put together with trappings
from the set of the movie Carnal Knowledge. (Another friend helped out here.)
There's a bit of bother at the moment, it
seems, because too much beer and not
enough food is flowing across the counter. According to Skalbania the pubs do
not make much money because he
doesn't spend much time with them.
And when he says it, you have the feeling that if he did put his mind to it, the
loaves and fishes would indeed multiply.
"The field that's the easiest to make
money in," says Skalbania, "with less
sweat and fewer responsibilities, no antagonism, no harassments, and little involvement with the public, which is always a sensitive area, is the real estate
business. You buy land and you sell
land. You don't have to apologize to
anybody. You just have to worry about
raising a few dollars to put down on it,
and then you sell it. And with inflation
you don't have to even work that hard to
resell." It sounds very easy, put that
Oddly enough, though he sees and
utilizes the practical advantages of high
rise developments, he wouldn't live or
work in a high rise. His own low, modern engineering office is near Stanley
Park where he can nip quickly across the
bridge to his West Vancouver home
without fighting his way through very
much city.
Skalbania jogs eight miles every day
and still has time, as he says, for the important things in life like the office chess
tournament at four o'clock.
Well known Oregon ecologist and pollution
fighter David B. Charlton, BA '25, (MSc,
Cornell) (PhD, Iowa), has been reappointed
a member of the governor's committee for a
liveable Oregon. He has also been reappointed by the State Board of Forestry to the
northwest regional forest practice committee Chancellor emerita Phyllis Gregory
Ross, BA '25, LLD '45, has been appointed
to the national council of the Duke of Edinburgh's Award in Canada.
A woman who once stacked books in the
U BC library now has her own book ready for
shelving. Sophie W. Witter de la Haye, BA
'34, has just completed Tread Upon the
Lion, a biography of one of the Sudan Interior Mission's pioneer missionaries, who
also happens to be a Canadian. She has spent
most of her post graduate years in West Africa working with the S. I. M.... From London
to Lagos in three years is George P. Kidd's,
BA '39, MA '40, track record. He has just
been appointed Canadian High Commissioner to Nigeria. In London he was seconded with the Commonwealth Secretariat
as managing director of the Commonwealth
Fund for Technical Co-operation.
Harry Bapty, BASc '47, (BS, Idaho) has
retired as senior inspector of the B.C. department of mines and petroleum resources
....A man active in Edmonton engineering
circles for the past 17 years, Ron Grantham,
BASc '48, has recently been appointed regional manager in Edmonton for consulting
engineers Reid, Crowther and Partners....
UBC alumni have cornered the executive
market this year at the Men's Canadian
33 Morlands
Look rich longer
Enjoy real warmth and comfort with real sheepskin
jackets by Morlands of England.
As illustrated, in camel or brown, 260.00
Other styles from 240.00 to 290.00
i Edward
Uptown Fashion Centre
and Miss Chapman
Granville at Tenth Avenue
Also Oakridge  and West Vancouver
Canadian University Songs
A unique recording!
Powerfully sung by baritone
Robert Dicknoether
Contains the official songs of:
•Dalhousie»Guelph (2)»Manitoba#
•McGill (3)»Mount Allison*
Waterloo* Western-Windsor*
Plus Gaudeamus Igitur and Auld Lang Syne
Twenty nostalgic songsl
Available for $4.98 (price includes taxes, postage and
handling) from ARD Records, Box 2124, Station B,
Kitchener, Ontario. Stereo LP only.
Buy an extra one and send it to a former classmate! Send
his/her name and address and we'll forward a copy with
your Christmas greetings.
Sophie de la Haye
Club of Vancouver. President is Alan F.
Pierce, BA '49. vice-presidents are Robert
W. Bonner, LLB '48, and Norman R. Gish,
LLB '60, and secretary is Aubrey F. Roberts,
Great Trekker. Other alumni on the executive are David M. Brousson, BASc '49, and
Rod Macdonald, LLB '50....Lawyers and
computers make strange bedfellows, but
ones which Diana M. Priestly, BA '47, LLB
'50, (MLL. Washington), hopes to reconcile
with one another in her new job with the
University of Victoria law faculty. In 1967
she helped set up the Osgoode Hall law
school library at York University and more
recently has been compiling the "Index to
Current Legal Research in Canada" for the
federal department of justice....Boxed in by
the CBC's increasing regionalism and tight
resources. Lister Sinclair, BA '42, LLD '72,
has kicked over the traces of his two year
bondage as executive vice-president of the
corporation and is heading back to Toronto
to undertake what has been described as
"programme research in a staff capacity."....The one time artistic director of the
Playhouse and veteran of Vancouver
theatre. Joy D. Coghill Thome, BA '47,
(MFA '49, Chicago Art Inst.) is back in
Vancouver to direct the fall production of the
"Inspector General" at the Freddy
Wood....A step up the escalator for Kenneth
M. Warner, BASc '49, (MBA '71, Simon
Fraser)—he has been promoted from assistant maintenance superintendent (technical)
for the Vancouver school board, a position
he held for 13 years, to maintenance superintendent....Special interest courses for 500
senior citizens at UBC last summer have
won Norman Watt, BPE '49, the creative
programming award of the Western Association of Summer Session Administrators. He
directed UBC's summer session including
the senior citizen programme which has attracted continent-wide interest.
Kathleen A. Archibald, BA '57, (MA, Illinois) (PhD, Washington), is currently head
of the management sciences department of
Wells Fargo Bank, San Francisco....Newly
promoted to brigadier-general, Ernest B.
Creber, BASc '51, has been appointed
director-general of land engineering and
maintenance at National Defence Headquarters, Ottawa....Once an alumni association treasurer and vice-president, David L.
Helliwell, BA '57, has been appointed presi- sion department....The American Society
for Testing and Materials, reputedly the
largest source of voluntary consensus standards for materials, products, systems and
services, has elected F. Alan Tayelor, BASc
'50, a committee chairman. He is industrial
development officer. Western Forest Products Laboratory with the Canadian Forestry Service in Vancouver.
F. Alan Tayelor
dent of Steel Brothers Canada, after eight
years in various other executive capacities
with that company....After eight years with
the Denver Research Institute, R. Norman
Orava, MSc '59, (PhD, London), will now
move on to the post of professor of metallurgical engineering with the South Dakota
School of Mines and Technology... .Another
Honourable Member....Our list in the autumn issue was incomplete. Stanley S.
Schumacher, BCom '58, LLB '59, was reelected as the Conservative representative
for Palliser. He was first elected to the House
of Commons in 1968....A recent Canadian
Forces Decoration winner, Newton C. Steacy, BA '52, (BTH, Union Theological College) has been promoted to the position of
manager of programme co-ordination, Ontario region, in the regional economic expan-
Now superintendent of West Vancouver
schools is a man active in sports and dramatics, Edgar M. Carlin, BEd '65, (MEd, Western Washington). He was formerly superin-
<endent of schools for Grand Forks and Ket
tle Valley districts and a teacher in Surrey.
He will replace Nelson A. Allen, BA '31,
superintendent for five years, who is retiring
after working 41 years in the teaching profession Adrian S. Cheong, BSc '66, (MSC,
MD, Ottawa), is now an intern in the
Dalhousie University integrated programme
....A flight surgeon has her head in the
clouds these days. Wendy A. Clay, MD '67,
is the first woman to be awarded pilot's wings
by the Canadian Forces. Though she will not
be an operational fighter pilot, she hopes her
training will broaden her medical knowledge
in dealing with pilots. She was also the first
woman to be a base surgeon in the services
and the first woman to be accepted for advanced jet pilot training....In competition
with 1.800 students in the Canadian Securities course, David A. Collier, BA '65. won
the H.L. Gassard memorial award along
...OF THE 70'S
Richard Bonynge, Artistic Director
15th GREAT SEASON/1974-75
Three Magnificent Productions for 1975
Wagner:  Die Walkure    Verdi: Rigoletto
Gilbert & Sullivan:  Gondoliers
Featuring International Opera Stars and the
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
All performances Queen Elizabeth Theatre, 8 p.m.
Vancouver Ticket Centre and its outlets in all Eaton's Stores
630 Hamilton Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 2R3
Telephone:  683-3255
Enjoy a total experience in music!
world wide travel
For Your
UBC Alumni
"Everything's Under The
Vacation in
Hawaii, Mexico,
Disneyland & San Diego
Please refer to page13for details
WMB burhe's
|U] world wide travel
your local travel centres
808 West Hastings St
— 682-4272
Woodward s Downtown
— 684-8282
Woodward's Oakridge
— 261-6326
4255 Arbutus
1014 West Georgia St.
— 687-7931
1075 West Georgia St.
— 688-5661
UBC: 5700 University Blvc
— 224-4391
West Vancouver Park Royal
— 922-9181
Burnaby: Simpsons-Sears
— 437-4744
New Westminster- 640 Sixth St
— 525-3344
Kelowna: 591 Bernard Ave
— 763-5123
Surrey: 13517- 102nd Ave.
Summerland: Box 840
35 H.A. Roberts
Gallery of Homes
5663 W. Boulevard
Vancouver, B.C.
Interested in buying or
selling real estate
in Vancouver?
For advice and assistance
without high pressure
salesmanship, call me
Joan Bentley
224-0255 Res.
266-9131 Bus.
Jfmtr Dnorja
ittrittmal jFuntitnrr
561 West Broadway
Shirley K. Funk
with $1,000 for academic excellence in the
securities industry. He is now a trade development officer in the B.C. department of
economic development....A key figure in the
Boeing-Air Canada $100 million sale of 11
new 144-seat 727-200's was Mervyn A.
Cronie, BASc '61...Shirley K. Funk, BSc
'68, (MBA, Northwestern), has been appointed manager of biomedical engineering
at Travenol Laboratories' Morton Grove
facility in Illinois. She has been with the
company for three and a half years....The
new UBC dean of women sees her main
function as that of a kind of "senior ombudswoman" for students. E. Margaret Fulton, MA '60, (BA, Manitoba) (PhD, Toronto), previously at Wilfrid Laurier University.
Waterloo, is also teaching an English course
in the faculty of education....Recently appointed director of planning and market development in the packaging group of MacMillan Bloedel is John H. Goodwin, BCom
'61, (MBA, UCLA), who returned to Vancouver after an absence of 12 years when he
joined the company last year....after eight
years overseas, mostly in the UK, Gordon
D. Gram, BA '65, and his wife and daughter
have returned to Canada to live permanently
in his old home town of Abbotsford, (2216
McCallum Road)....A man who makes his
money by advising other people how
to save their's, Michael Grenby, BA '63.
(MSc, Columbia), is now assistant business editor of the Vancouver Sun....The
community recreation branch consultant for
the Greater Vancouver region, Clyde
Griffith, BPE '64,has been named manager
of the B.C. Winter Festival ...Lynda E.
Haskins, BA '63, formerly executive director
of Nasaika Lodge, a group home for young
Indian girls, has been appointed dean of Columbia Junior College....A little book that
goes like this — "To certain birds there is a
catch:/ Its eggs, not nuts the nuthatch
hatch..." has just been hatched by John
Huberman, MA '61, PhD '68. The role of
author is new to Dr. Huberman. who for 25
years has worked in the plywood industry, as
lecturer at UBC. and as an industrial
psychologist. The book is entitled For a Lark
- A Remedial Fieldguide for Confused
Birdwatchers The new vice-president.
programming at Rogers Cable Communications in Ontario is Philip B. Lind, BA '66, a
company employee since 1969...."Canada,
the United States, and the Third Law of the
Sea Conference", a study prepared by
Roderick M. Logan, BA '65. MA '67, (PhD.
McMaster). was released this year by the
Canadian-American Committee which is
Mike Grenby
jointly sponsored by the Canadian Howe
Research Institute and the American National Planning Association, as a background
survey of the major issues considered at the
Third United Nations Conference on the
Law of the Sea in Caracas, Venezuela. Mr.
Logan is an associate professor of geography
at the State University of New York....No
thumb in the dike technology for Patrick J.
Meehan, BASc '67 — he is attending the
University of Technology in Delft, The
Netherlands to study river engineering....Toronto Globe and Mail staffer, Ross
H. Munro, BA '65, has been appointed to the
newspaper's Washington bureau — S.J.
(Skip) Peerless, MD '61, Vancouver
neurosurgeon, is a leading proponent in
Vancouver of a stroke preventive procedure
which grafts or bypasses arteries inside the
skull to improve the blood supply to the
brain. Vancouver is one of possibly seven
medical centres in North America in which a
special international study of this procedure
will be conducted to determine its long-term
effectiveness in post-operative stroke prevention....As lecturer in finance, Richard
Riopel, BCom '61. has become part of the
founding staff of the Institute of Development Management of the University of Botswana, Lesotho and Swaziland. His appointment is for two years....A five-year Esperanto experiment in Austria. Bulgaria, Italy,
Hungary and Yugoslavia revealed that
Esperanto was learned five to eight times
faster than any other second language instruction and that realistic cultural correspondence was attained within the first year.
Wally G. du Temple, BA '63, chairman of the
Canadian section. International League of
Esperanto Teachers, would be delighted to
hear from any eager students among the
alumni. Info is free and no pre-requisites
required... Now in Edmonton, Richard E.J.
Vogwill, BSc '67. (MSc, London), is working for the groundwater division of the
Research Council of Alberta. He spent the
last three years in Perth. Australia working
as a hydrogeologist.
Greig E. Henderson, BA '74, the recipient
of a $2,400 fellowship from the University of
Toronto is now working towards his MA in
English at U of T....The only male graduate
of the UBC school of home economics this
36 year. Ian B. Macdonald, BHE '74. who
specialized in nutrition, is now experimenting with the toxic effects of vitamin E on rats.
Beaty - Fisher. John L. Beaty, BA '69 to Joan
L. Fisher. BSN '71, June 15, 1974....Cheong
- Francis. Adrian S. Cheong. BSc '66 to Patricia Francis, June 1, 1974 in Ottawa....Ince-
Vachon. William S. Ince, BSF '64 to
Suzanne L. Vachon in Richmond....Nelson -
Yakelashek. K. Gregory Nelson. BCom '70
to Carroll G. Yakelashek, BHE '70 in
Jasper....Riddell - Hardie. Samuel H. Riddell
to Elizabeth M. Hardie, BA '56 in Victoria.
Plaunt, BA '63). a son, Alan William, August
5, 1974 in Calgary....Capt. and Mrs. George
R. Manson, BA '66. a son, Kevin George
Edward, October 5, 1974 in Brandon....Mr.
and Mrs. J. Barry McGillivray, BSc '69, LLB
'72. (Diane Currie, BSN '70), a son, Cameron John, September 21, 1974~in Kamloops
....Dr. and Mrs. Ian A. Paterson, PhD '73.
(Barbara Goudy, BSc '65), a son, James
Lawrence. August 29, 1974 in Vancouver
...Mr. and Mrs. Alec Scott, (Josephine
Stacewicz, BA '66), a son, William Joseph,
August 21, 1974 in Alert Bay....Mr. and Mrs.
Blaine J. Shaw, (Betty Dishaw, BHE '64). a
daughter, Meghan Elisa, August 23, 1974 in
Richmond... .Mr. and Mrs. Jean-Pierre Soub-
liere, (Cathie Anderson. MBA '71), a son,
Alexander Guillaume, September 11, 1974 in
Ottawa... Mr. and Mrs. John Holt, BA '65,
(M. Elizabeth Travers, BSR'70) a daughter,
Leanne Susan, June 22, 1974 in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Sigurd G. Brynjolfson, (Virginia M. Willis. BEd '67). a son, Reid Sigurd.
September 13, 1974 in Delta....Dr. and Mrs.
Peter Coleridge, (Florence Johnson, BSc
'67), a son. Matthew. May 18, 1974 in Vancouver....Dr. and Mrs. Anthony F. Graham,
(Shannon Butt, BHE '66), a son, Mark Anthony, June 24, 1974 in Toronto....Dr. and
Mrs. William G. Hall, BASc '65 (Frances
Caroline Louise Johnson Byers, BA '46, September, 1974 in Comox. Once active in the
Players Club, she is survived by her husband, Archie, BCom '41, BSF '46, a
daughter and son.
Alexa Grace Cameron, BSA '51, (MRE,
New York Theological Seminary). (PhD,
New York) June, 1974 in Kashmir, India. A
native of Kelowna. she spent much of her
career, since 1958, in India, as a member of
the Bible and Medical Missionary Fellowship. She was head of the Christian education department of the Union Biblical Seminary in Yeotmal and was responsible for
shaping the syllabus and programme of the
bachelor of religious education degree. She
was declared a University Honours Scholar
by New York University in April, 1974. She
is survived by her mother and sister.
Kenneth R. MacKay, BCom '54, August,
1974 in Vancouver. He was at one time a
partner in the Victoria office of Gunderson
Stokes Walton and Co., chartered accountants and more recently with Thorne Biagi
Little and MacKay of Surrey.
William Cecil Nelson, BArch '53, October.
1974 in North Vancouver. He is survived by
his wife, son, two daughters, mother, and
two brothers.
Robert Wakefield Scott, BA '4t>, BEd '57,
January, 1974 in Williams Lake. He was
principal of Williams Lake Junior-Secondary School. He is survived by his wife,
Louise (O'Brien) BEd '71, and a son.
Gwen Suttie, BA '21. July. 1974 in Vancouver. She is survived by her brother. □
... or maybe a new name?
Let us know and UBC will still come to
you through the Chronicle and UBC
Reports. (Follow you to the ends of the
earth we will!)
Alumni Records
6251 N.W. Marine Drive
Vancouver, B.C., Canada V6T 1A6
Keep that UBC INFO coming!
Married women, please give graduation name and
preferred title	
(Enclosure of old mailing label is helpful)
37 UBC Alumni
It's amazing what you find hanging
around In branches these days — everything from slumbering sloths to
chirping birds. If you'd like to find out
what goes on in alumni branches just
give your local alumni representative
a call.
Campbell River: Jim Boulding (Box 216).
Castlegar: Bruce Fraser (365-7292). Cranbrook: David Shunter (426-5241). Courtenay: William Dale (338-5159). Dawson
Creek: Roger Pryke (782-5407). Duncan:
David Williams (746-7121). Kamloops: Bud
Aubrey (372-8845). Kelowna: Don Jabour
(762-2011). Kimberley: Larry Garstein (427-
2600). Nanaimo: James Slater (753-1211).
Nelson: Judge Leo Gansner (352-3742).
Judith Bussinger (352-7277). Penticton:
Dick Brooke (492-6100). Powell River:
Randy Yip (485-6309). Prince George: Neil
McPherson (563-0161). Salmon Arm: W.H.
Letham (832-2264). Victoria: Kirk Davis
(386-2441). Williams Lake: Anne Stevenson
Ottawa:  Robert Yip  (997-2023). Toronto:
David   Papau   (488-9819).   Montreal:   Lyn
Hobden (866-2055). Halifax: Carol MacLean
(423-2444).   Newfoundland:   Pat   Draskoy
Australia: Christopher Bangwin (12 Watkins
Street. Bondi, Sydney). Bermuda: John
Keeffe (P.O. Box 1007, Hamilton). England:
Alice Hemming (35 Elsworthy Road, London,
NW3). Ethiopia: Taddesse Ebba (College of
Agriculture, Haile Sellassie I University, Dire
Dawa, Box 138, Addis Ababa). Hong Kong:
Thomas Chung-Wai Mak (Department of
Chemistry, New Asia College, 6 Farm Road,
Kowloon). Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia:
Kwong-Hiong Sim (51 Wayang Street, Kuch-
ing, Sarawak, Malaysia (East). Scotland:
Jean Dagg, (32 Bentfield Drive, Prestwick).
South Africa: Kathleen Lombardi
(Applethwaite Farm, Elgin, C.P.). Japan:
Paul Richardson (2-1-15 Minami Azabu,
Minato-ku, Tokyo).
On being a president
I have read with interest Murray McMillan's, (Chronicle. Summer '74), estimate of
what it means to be a university president
today. For nearly 11 years my "life inside the
meatgrinder" had the added allure of serving
as the first president of an entirely new university. On reflection, what your correspondents say is basically right — except that I
deplore the last paragraph of all: if the most
the president of UBC may hope to do is
"keep the thing on an even keel, at least keep
it afloat, even though it may not be going
anywhere", that's a bleak and unprofitable
outlook; something more than even-keel-
keeping-afloat is imperatively required,
whether the university is 60 years old or 10
years young.
There are perhaps two additional dimensions that belong to the office, and in mentioning them one emphasizes that universities, as other corporate bodies, are not immutable and that they do change with the
The first is the extent to which the president is the principal protector of the everyday atmosphere in which free enquiry can
proceed. There are always people, at the
fringes, who affect to know the president's
job better than he does, and who make free
with unsolicited, frequently scrappy, advice.
Advice is one thing; attempts to make it into
a stalking-horse for partisan purposes is quite
another. It would be salutary if members of
faculty kept in mind this enabling function in
which the president is the all-weather line of
The second dimension is bound up with
the academic and public decencies which
ought to be observed within an university
and respected outside its precincts.  More
and more the university has become a substantial "corporate citizen" in the community in which it is situated. It is important that
it should be seen to be a good corporate citizen; and the way in which it conducts its own
business, publicly, will not be lost as an
example elsewhere. In this process the president has a role second to no one else; and in
the future this facet of his myriad duties will
deserve to receive full and fair recognition.
James A. Gibson, BA'31
President Emeritus
Brock University
St. Catherines. Ontario
Chronicle article erred
Although I read with pleasure, if somewhat
mixed feelings, Geoffrey Hancock's eulogy
of my friend Henry Elder I must draw your
attention to serious errors of fact in his references to the recent Canadian visit of the
Commonwealth Board of Architectural
The CBAE did not "ban" the University
of Toronto's department of architecture for
five-years, nor did it put the University of
Manitoba's school of architecture "on a
two-year probation". In the opinion of the
board, insufficient evidence was presented at
the time of Toronto's new programme of
studies to enable it to make a firm recommendation, so the then current five-year
period of recognition (not "accreditation")
was extended for two further years. Since
Toronto's new programme is anything but
formal it would be interesting to know how
Mr. Hancock arrived at the mistaken conclusion that "its formal approach was not up
to par". Recognition of Manitoba's school
was extended for five years and it would be
surprising indeed if the CBAE did not fully
"recognise" the Toronto programme at its
next visit.
Thomas Howarth, Ph.D
Former dean of architecture.
University of Toronto
I wish to draw to your attention an article in
the University of British Columbia alumni
journal. The Chronicle (Summer, '74) which
contains an erroneous and damaging statement about the faculty of architecture at the
University of Manitoba. The article in question. "The Art of Living and the Joy of Experience" was written by Geoff Hancock.
On page 23 of the article the author states,
" and the University of Manitoba was put
on a two-year probation". The author was
referring to the visiting board of the Commonwealth Association of Architects which
visited our faculty of architecture on October
25-27, 1973.
The facts are that the visiting board was
not only very pleased with the results of their
visit to our faculty but the board's report
states that it had no hesitation in recommending that the degree master of architecture
granted by the faculty of architecture at the
University of Manitoba continue to be recognized by the Commonwealth Association
of Architects and the Manitoba Association
of Architects.
It is serious enough that the facts were
wrong but what is worse, a damaging light
has been cast on the academic and professional reputation of the faculty.
J.C. Gilson
Vice President
University of Manitoba
An apology
... is in order to both the University of Manitoba and the University of Toronto and their
respective architecture faculties as a result
of the Chronicle article. The errors of our
ways having been duly pointed out, we withdraw the statements about the two universities with sincere apologies for any inconvenience or embarrassment caused them.
-Ed. a
38 You wouldn't go
to the ballet
to see sumo.
Some things simply don't make sense.
Like flying to the Orient with any
airline but Japan Air Lines. As
Japan's own airline, we provide a lot
more than transportation. In flight,
you enjoy a thousand-year-old tradition of service, and experience a day
in Japan on your way to Japan.
When you arrive, you appreciate
our foresight in providing you with
(at a very modest charge), your
business cards printed in
Japanese. An English-speaking
secretary is available to make
work easier, and leave you with
more time for fun.
Japan Air Lines.
We're not the only airline
flying to the Orient.
But we're the only Japanese airline flying to the Orient.
And that puts a different colour on things.
For full details, see your travel agent or contact
Japan Air Lines, Box 7900, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 4E2
h   11
/.»' '"   - &':(■'■: \
=* :<<s;«i
Artistry in blending
mid long years of patient
mellowing have
attained, in this light
Canadian Whisky,
a jdeastng smoothness
and i:entle taste.
^■- Jf*:J ",l* "
iN   iilMILLE.l
?.» ;f
i, j
PiPlfl |'!J
'      'Ilf-T't '1
Ifl « f
■•\     Carrington.
Distilled in small batches
jrl^''   by a very particular whisky maker.
Pour some. Then taste the difference.


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