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UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1975

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.SW'^'-^'^^'W^tW^^s^s?   m   r4$KW$
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An Imperial Venture ^ UJBC ALUMNI J I
VOLUME 31, NO. 3, AUTUMN 1975
...But changing the system is a slow process
Viveca Ohm
Sailing into B.C.'s history
Geoff Hancock
In research and treatment the move is into
the community
Josephine Margolis
...just maybe
Murray McMillan
Eric Green
29     NEWS
38     LETTERS
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
Barbara G. Smith (BJ'72. Carleton)
COVER  Vancouver Sun photo . The Princess Louise is
towed under Lions Gate Bridge on her final voyage to
Long Beach, California, for use as a restaurant ship.
Alumni Media (604)688-6819)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago),
chair; Kenneth L. Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58; Clive
Cocking, BA'62; Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock,
BFA'73, MFA'75; Ian MacAlpine, LLB'71; Robert
McConnell, BA'64; Murray McMillan; George Morfitt,
BCom'58; Bel Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
MA'48, (PhD, Washington).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British
Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1A6.
(604)228-3313). SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all
alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3 a
year; students $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address, with old
address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr.,
Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1A6.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No, 2067
Member Council for the Advancement and Support of Education. Manufacturers.
If you think its worth making,
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And, well do it for manufacturers
anywhere in B.C.
Like to know more? Call us at 689-8944.
Or write us at:
Department of Economic Development,
Box 10111,
700 West Georgia Street,
Vancouver, British Columbia V7Y1C6
Government of British Columbia
Honourable Gary Lauk. Minister: Al_—11
They re Beginning
To See The Light
It's International Women's Year on the UBC
campus, as everywhere else.
The president's office has given out a bundle
of money (nobody, it seems, knows or will say
exactly how much) to celebrate the occasion
with workshops, seminars, special projects....
Women make up 41.2 per cent of the
enrolment at UBC and 18 per cent of the
Women's Studies credit courses are entering
their third year....
It's two and a half years since the Report on
the Status of Women at UBC claimed in detailed
statistics that women got the rotten end of the
stick whether they were faculty, staff, or
Some people are very enthusiastic.
Some are totally unimpressed.
...But changing
the system is a slow process
Viveca Ohm Illustration / Peter Lynde
Welcome to the Women's Office...er,
branch...centre...well, there are many
of them, and perhaps a little guided tour
is in order.
First of all, we have Women's Studies.
This is the credit program for UBC students taught by women faculty with the
administration's blessing, or something
approximating it.
Then there's the Women's Office, a
student-run centre which has been
around somewhat longer and was the
first to offer non-credit women's
courses back in 1971. It is now an amalgam of campus groups operating out of
the Student Union Building, organizing
workshops and projects on and off campus and functioning as a haven, a sounding board and resources place for women who want to start their own projects elsewhere.
Not forgetting the Women's Resource
Centre, run by the Centre for Continuing Education. It has an office and
drop-in centre at the downtown public
library, and runs seminars and workshops open to the public.
And this being International Women's Year, there are a number of special lectures and programs sponsored by
the Dean of Women's Office in conjunction with various faculties. The dean of
women's office, by the way. has always
been there. With more Position than
Power, some feel that it is on the verge
of extinction, others that it has never
before been so important.
Women have been written out of our
history. To change this, they must be
given the same kind of conscious attention that is being gradually accorded to
native peoples, to the poor and to immigrants. Our college curricula must
give women special consideration until
this attention leads to their incorporation as an integral part of our culture
and curricula. It would seem ridiculous
to have courses on the history of men or
the sociology of men because it is men
who set the norm; special attention to
the male is merely redundant in a
male-dominated society. Women's
studies will be necessary until the place
of women in our society is equal to that
of men.
Our commitment must be translated
into precise activities. Our work must
take many forms including delving into
attics, recording oral history, rewriting
books, analysing statistical data, and
yes, for the time being, establishing
special courses and programs about
women and by women. At each step we
must ask ourselves: What was women's
role? Why was their role so defined?
Why have they been omitted? We must
do systematic research and develop a
social theory of women. Women's
studies can be an anachronism to the
next generation if we do our work today!
- Sherrill Cheds, "Why Women's
Studies?" from Communique: Canadian Studies 1:2, December. 1974
Dr. Helga Jacobson, one of the four
women faculty members who teach
Women's Studies at UBC, doesn't agree women's studies will become an
anachronism. She doesn't see the
course as "something we'll teach for N
years and then it'll die a quiet death," or
as a matter of righting a wrong. For her
it's a matter of a wholly new focus, of
"re-creating a discipline so that women
are fully included, and that means the
discipline is always changing...I see
women's studies as an area that will
continue to generate different ways of
looking at social, political and
economic situations." Dr. Jacobson is
one of the original members of the group
who put the course together and pushed
it through the academic maze of department heads and senate.
Women's Studies 222 is an interdisciplinary course (and what problems
it has encountered stem mainly from
that fact, for UBC's administrative
structure is not kind to interdisciplinary courses, they don't fit
smoothly). The course looks at women
from the various perspectives of anthropology and sociology, psychology,
and literature, and branches off into related seminars in those areas, which
students are recommended to take
concurrently with the main course.
"It's a really, really good course to
teach. The students are lively, extremely hard-working and very creative." A few men have taken the course
too, and there seems to be no way of
categorizing the students who take it by
background or academic and political
interests. Dr. Jacobson denies her students are particularly "political."
"I think any course is political anyway, so I wouldn't single out women's
studies. It's not being taught as a political enterprise."
She admits that, so far, relatively few
women on the faculty seem interested in
teaching women's courses or doing
studies related particularly to women.
"I don't know what it would take to
make that happen."
In the larger view, is she happy with
the position of women on campus?
Hesitation. "No, I wouldn't go on
record as saying I was happy...."
Students on Women's Studies:
"... / looked upon those courses as a
gift to myself. I felt I wanted to give
myself that gift of time, time to be in
contact with other women... And it was
just satisfying to me to have models
available, or opportunities to discuss
frustrations - yes, just to have a female
outlook on the world...."
"It's an absolutely indispensable
course. For women, all of us, we've really learned a lot. A tfirst there was a lot
of argument about whether it was too
academic and a lot of women had come
with the idea it should be more like a
sort of sensitivitylgestalt sort of thing.
But I felt really strongly, after a month,
that we were going the right way ■
" Too many women just don't
have the information. They don't know
what they're arguing about. We have
these feelings, but without knowing why
we have had them. ..you're kind of left
floating around. And now I feel I can
put my foot down and slam my fist on
the table, and I know what I'm talking
- from Voices of Women Students,
published by Women's Research Collective at Women's Office, SUB Womens
Over in SUB in a large bright second-
floor office, where secretaries drop in to
eat their lunch, students to let off steam
or a group of women from Penticton to
find out how to organize a workshop,
Jeannette Auger talks about it all....
This is the Women's Office. It's here
the Women's Action Group started out
and started in on the statistical digging
that resulted in the Report on the Status
of Women at UBC, campus best-seller
of winter '73. What the report found at
the time was "...that women at the University of British Columbia are a small
proportion of the faculty, that they are
paid less than men in every academic
rank, tlntt with the same qualifications
as men.women are in inferior ranks, that
the work women staff members do is
paid less than the work men staff members do, that women do not occupy
supervisory and administrative positions on the staff in the same proportions as men, and that the University
educates fewer women than men, and
educates them less."
Auger: ""There never was any
money." What was done came out of
the women's own pockets and on their
own time. The $74,500 that the report
asked for to fund further research into
women on the campus was not allocated. The group eventually split up,
having to find outside jobs to support
themselves. The Women's Office carries on with the rest of its business....
'"We offer a non-credit educational
program for women — and men — that
focuses on women. We also have a TV
program on Cable 10 called "Women In
Focus". This is mainly a community
workshop for non-student women. We
train them to use the equipment, then
they make their own productions.
"'We also have a library, a tape library
of lectures ... and we offer
consciousness-raising groups, workshops, self-defence, anything that
people want...generally what we are is a
resource place."
Money? "'We get our money from
anyone who'll give it to us. The Secretary of State gave us money for the
"'Women In Focus" program. We have
an OFY grant till August ... some
money came through the Dean of Women's Office to bring in speakers like
Margaret Atwood...we applied to the
alumni association but got turned
down...we'll try again.
"Trouble is. as we're on the university campus, everyone says get money
from the university, but the university
says you're really a community group,
why don't you get it from the community? We're both those things...."
Auger credits the Women's Office —
or its forerunner, the non-credit women's program — with getting things
rolling in the first place. "If you hadn't
had the non-credit courses, you
wouldn't have the Women's Bookstore,
you wouldn't have the Women's Health
Collective, you wouldn't have half the
women's groups in the community."
Has there been any interest or support from men?
"I've been amazed at the kind of
awareness there was in several men I've
talked to...it's just kind of assumed that
men don't support you. I know I've assumed that, and I was surprised to find
that many did."
On the other hand, men In General
and In Groups rate little appreciation
from Auger: "When Shelagh Day
talked on the Women's Action Group,
the engineers came in with snakes,
throwing snakes all over the floor, that's
not very supportive...the Lady Godiva
ride and "Home Ec'rs are Easy"
doesn't make me think men in general
on this campus are very supportive. I'd
be surprised to find they were.
"But then lots of women aren't supportive either. It's the society we live in.
One of the big problems is showing women at UBC that they are in fact discriminated against...you know, it's a big
deal to come to university, you're better
than everybody else, so the theory goes,
so how can you possibly be discriminated against? That's the attitude of a
lot of women...."
On the other hand, she promises "If
you're here the first month of school,
there'll be women in here every day saying thank God for the Women's
Office...women who go into law. science, engineering, there's nowhere else
to go for moral support...."
of women
Yes. Virginia, there are sexist professors. And classroom atmospheres that
make you feel like you're swimming upstream.
At first they didn't know what I was
doing. There's always some reference
in a classroom situation to gentlemen
and lady. / had one instructor, you
know, he'd put something on the board,
and he'd always address me and ask me
if I understood. So I ended up by dropping the course.
My professors, some of them ure un
nerved by having girls in the class. They
feel they can't tell dirty jokes. And
sometimes they tell, oh, one example, in
neurology, some of them are crude about it. The jaw muscles...when your
jaws open, it's harder to close them than
when it's pulled open. So he gets a women to stand up in front of the class and
says 'hold your jaws open, honey,' and
he pushes on them and says, 'you see,
you can never shut a woman's mouth.'
When I went to see my honors advisor in the fall, the dear gentleman
asked me about what I was going into
and whether I felt I could handle the
honors program, which in itself was an
affront because last year I got an 85 per
cent average, with 92 per cent in his
department, and it was quite evident
from my marks that I could handle the
honors program. And he asked me if I
felt I could handle it this year, and I said
'you know, my marks last year would
seem to indicate that I can.' And he
didn't take that to mean anything. He
said, 'well, you know, it's a very hard
grind, and women are emotional,' you
know, the whole thing. Encouraging me
in a sense not to go on.
The first year of university my professor was a very sort of sensual man, and
he'd write things on my essays, like he
called me pussycat, and in class he called me pussycat. I'm not here because
I'm sensual as a pussycat, cuz I look
like a pussycat. I'm here for intellectual
stimulation. Look at me, look where my
head's at: I can think and I can do this,
and look, I can achieve academically,
and intellectually, and I'm not just
another pretty face.
- from Voices of Women Students,
published by Women's Research Collective
The Dean of Women's Office gets its
fair share of such complaints. And
Dean E. Margaret Fulton admits that
"Many male professors make remarks
almost out of ignorance, which women
take as a put-down where none is intended." She contributes her own story
of challenging a male administrator who
had referred to a secretarial pool as "the
harem" and finding him stunned at her
"He'd never considered it like
that...yet. I'm sure it would never occur
to him to scruple against promotion (of
Students come to her with all manner
of problems, personal, financial, and to
a lesser degree, academic. As dean of
women, she is the official representative
for women's interests on campus. Yet
she feels in a way that her office is obsolete.
'"If you're going to get real equality
for women on this campus, this office is
not going to do it. because it's too
Arrangements have been made to offer members of the university
community a reduced price on the all-new edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica. This price is lower than that available to any
individual and includes extra educational materials.
Britannica 3 is not just a new encyclopedia but a completely new
concept. Now in 30 volumes, it is designed to fully meet the three
basic needs for an encyclopedia. The "Look It Up" function is met
with the Micropaedia or Ready Reference and Fact Index — 10
volumes with 14 million words which gives the basic facts on over
102,000 entries. The need for "Knowledge In Depth" is handled by
the Macropaedia—19 volumes with 28 million words — articles up
to book-length with the well-known Britannica authoritativeness. A
single volume called the Propaedia covers the "Self Education"
function by outlining the whole of human knowledge — in a
manner which makes it, with the Macropaedia, a complete home
study guide.
Dr. Mortimer J. Adler, Director of Planning and Mr. Warren
Preece, Editor of Britannica 3 outlined the all-new edition at a UBC
Faculty Club press conference, a group which included some of
the 122 Canadian contributors.
TIME magazine featured Britannica 3 in an Education section
tribute to William Benton, publisher of Britannica for 30 years (and
the man who backed this $32 million publishing venture, who died
in March, 1973,) said "in Britannica 3 he has a monument as impressive as any man could want".
If you would like to receive more information on the special
group offer on Britannica 3, extended to UBC alumni, faculty, staff
and students, please fill in the postage-paid card and mail to-day.
Please do it now as this offer is available for a limited time only. stereotyped (as the traditional moral
"What do women want? If they're
concerned about equality in an integrated society, then they should in fact be
opposed to a segregated women's
office...any segregated offices should in
time disappear. I think the reason we
want them now and support them now is
because women have just been
awakened to the fact that the opportunities for equality are there, but they
haven't had the training or support...
that's why we need the separate offices,
to give them role models and to further
that awakening. Ideally in another decade or so, women's offices that work
for women only should disappear....
"The more I work with women, the
more I realize that women are not motivated to take positions of responsibility...are they afraid? Or are women
maybe not as competitive and aggressive as men? I think women are opposed
to high power aggressiveness and what
we think of as the male ego game...."
After her first year as dean of women,
does she find UBC a fairly liberal campus?
"Well, I don't think it's any better or
any worse...it's a fairly conservative
campus. I don't think there are as many
women employed on this campus on the
whole as I've been accustomed to in
universities I've worked at in Ontario
— but that's a notion I have no facts to
"I think in many ways the women's
movement has been more alive on this
campus...you could argue that's because women have been traditionally
more put down here, or you could argue
it's because they've had more opportunity to speak out and are more aware...I
don't know which is true."
In the wave of committees and reports
that followed The Report, graduate
studies emerged as one of the healthier
While more men than women applied
for — and are admitted to — grad
school, women nevertheless had a
higher acceptance rate — in proportion
to their numbers.
The reason? Women who applied had
higher marks. Also, they applied more
frequently to MA programs (where the
admittance rate is high) than to PhD
programs, which traditionally admit
fewer students.
Conclusion: no discrimination
against women applicants for graduate
Kate Swann, who tinkers with statistics in the UBC academic planning
office, and was recently a student contemplating grad school, thinks it's more
subtle than that.
"If a woman is really bright and in the
top five per cent, no problem. She's getting proper encouragement and
academic help from the faculty." The
problem occurs when "you move down
to the B+ or A- bracket, where men
have no hesitation about applying, but
women don't apply if they feel 'just
competent or good'."
It's a familier echo of an old hesitation. You have to be three times as good
to get to the same place — or so many
women are conditioned to feel. You
have to be exceptional.
"Women who get in have to get in
because they're so good that any refusal
would be blatant discrimination."
Swann muses. "They're the kind of
women who would go through hell and
fire to get their degrees."
Random notes of o 10 year stretch:
Total female enrolment at UBC
In Ph.D. programs
In "male" '
4     7
2   7
2.5 7c
8.4 7
9.6 7c
in low
Of all the traditionally male faculties,
law is probably the one in which women
have made most headway. Why? Numbers and organization.
"Women In Law" was a course given
by and for women students. The upshot
was the Women's Legal Aid clinic,
formed in 1972 and still going strong. It
is run off-campus by women students to
inform and encourage women in the
community about their legal rights.
The Women's Caucus was formed after that, made up of female law students. The group meets on an informal
basis, and in the past has provided supportive action when any of its members
ran into what looked like discrimination. A result is women are getting more
intolerant of sexism in the classroom,
and feel more confident about challenging it on their own.
With around 150 students, women
now make up nearly 22 per cent of the
law school enrolment. There was a particularly big jump in enrolment in 1972,
which was also the time these groups
and activities began forming.
Currently the Women's Caucus has
been preparing data and questionnaires
on hiring practices in the city — what
women law graduates can expect when
they apply for that first always-hard-to-
land articling job. Their research found
discriminatory attitudes to women exist
in some law firms, which clearly preferred hiring men.
And in the classroom? According to
Pat Winfield. an active member of the
Caucus and Women's Legal Aid:
"There are sexist professors, and
some that are trying. And there is
sexism among the students. The men
may look on us as colleagues and 'exceptions to femininity', but in general
their attitude to women outside and to
legal secretaries continues to be
exploitative." The staff
In 1973 the Status Report and the presidential committee assigned to check on
it agreed that:
- sex-typed female job categories
have lower salaries within the university than job categories which are
sex-typed male.
- in proportion to their number, fewer
women occupy supervisory and administrative positions.
Among the recommendations of the
presidential committee were:
- that all advertising and hiring practices be free of sex preferences and
state clearly the position is open to
both men and women. (They are, they
- that for a time women be hired in
preference to men when all other
qualifications are the same. "A crash
program is essential to right a long
standing wrong." (This was never
implemented as a policy; the university sticks to its alleged merit-alone
- that the need for child care facilities
be recognized and provided for.
(We'll get back to that one.)
On the subjects of women's work and
women's pay, one administrator had
this to say in response to a committee
questionnaire in 1973: "I cannot answer
the first part of these questions definitely, since the possibility of obtaining the
services of a male secretary/
stenographer is nil. However, I do regard my own secretary (female) as just
as capable, skilful, intellectually acute,
and willing to accept responsibility critical to the operation of the department,
as my senior technician (male). Yet my
technician receives an annual salary of
$11,280 while my secretary receives
$5,904 which is manifestly unjust and
unjustifiable. Admittedly, part of the
salary discrepancy stems from the
greater age of my technician, and some
recognition for age is reasonable. But
the extent of the salary discrepancy is
not reasonable and stems from a tradition that women are worth less, the fact
the technicians have a union and secretaries do not, (They do now) and the
usual wearisome male chauvinism in
high places, especially the personnel
About 1100 secretaries, clerical
workers and library assistants, most of
them women, belong to Local 1 of the
Association of University and College
Employees (AUCE). The union, which
was formed in 1972/73 has won substantial salary increases and greater benefits
including maternity leave, for both full-
time and part-time employees. There
are now about a half dozen unions on
campus including the Canadian Union
of Public Employees (mostly maintenance and grounds workers) so that except for certain non-union technical
workers nearly everyone has a place to
take grievances.
Sandra Lundy, past provincial president of AUCE and staff member in the
UBC information office:
"When we started to organize, the
salaries for clerical staff were so low and
the opportunities for advancement virtually nil, that we came to the conclusion the only way to make the gains we
wanted was to unionize," she said. "My
own salary last year was about $200 a
month less than it is now, which meant
after seven years I guess I was making
around $580. My understanding now is
that salaries at the university are certainly as good, if not better, than
So is she happy with the status of
women on campus? "I certainly think
there have been terrific improvements,
largely because of what the union has
done. But in terms of the whole university, although the proportion of women
students, and women entering professional fields, increases every year —
women are still virtually invisible in
administrative and management positions."
There is an effort now being made to
get women into these positions. "Both
men and women are encouraged to apply" is now routinely printed on top of
all job vacancies circulated by the personnel department. Nor are jobs to
stipulate gender, unless it is inherent in
the job itself, "actress" or "director of
men's athletics," for example.
The personnel department, while
eluding any attempt to pin down specific
figures, claims that "a lot of women are
applying for senior positions," and Wes
Clark, assistant director of that department insists, "We are trying to de-sex
our policies arid our thinking."
There are several women gardeners
and one woman laborer employed on
One of the main criticisms of the
Status Report has been that its staff
statistics included part-time employees,
which turned out to be misleading and
sometimes inaccurate in the final
"I was disappointed in the Report,
they didn't do their homework... We
women have to be very careful, the best
woman has to work ten times as hard as
the worst man to be credible....
"Yes, I feel underpaid. But that's a
matter of job classification rather than
Fiercely    anonymous    senior
employee in the academic planning
The faculty
Among the faculty today it's still true
that women tend to occupy lower ranks
than men. The majority of women faculty seem to be assistant professors,
instructors or lecturers, with very few
associate professors or professors. In a
typical recent year, 333 out of 519 applications received from women were for
appointments as assistant professors.
Once hired, women seem to be promoted less often and later than men.
Dr. Robert Clark, of the university's
academic planning department, who
headed the president's committee to investigate the situation exposed by the
Report on the Status of Women at
UBC, says, "There is no policy of conscious discrimination, but there might
be unintentional discrimination.... The
primary emphasis (in promotions) is still
on research, and while teaching is considered, it doesn't carry as much
weight. My impression is that the majority of women faculty, at least the ones I
know of, place a greater emphasis on
There is no standard university-wide
formula to decide promotion or pay increases, he explains. "You can't say research counts 60 per cent and teaching
30 per cent, for instance." It's left to the
discretion of individual department
heads and their committees.
However, he points out that in 1974-
75, 18 per cent of the total promotions
went to women, though they comprise
14 per cent of the full-time faculty. In
plain numbers, 84 men were promoted
and 18 women. And since these 102
promotions named 39 faculty members
professors. 52 associate professors and
11 assistant professors, several of those
18 women would have gained at least
associate professor ranking.
According to the Status Report
women in the same rank, and equal in all
other qualifications, were paid substantially less than men. That seemed to be enough of an embarrassment to bring on
administrative action. A president's
committee is looking at this whole subject and word has it that the board of
governors is considering setting aside
special funds in the current budget to
correct any salary inequalities which
may be turned up by the committee.
Day core
Women's life rhythms are rather different from men's. Women who want to
have children usually want to have them
during the years that are designated for
undergraduate or graduate studies, or
the first year of settling into a career.
Since in our culture women are still
chiefly responsible for child-raising, and
support services are minimal, women
with small children are forced to interrupt their education and career patterns. That we stereotype all education
and career patterns by age and continuous progression, penalizes every women with children.
- Report on the Status of Women at
UBC, 1976
One answer is part-time studies and/
or part-time jobs. It's easier doing either
than it used to be. The number of part-
time students is up by a fairly dramatic
54.5 per cent among undergraduates,
and by nearly 23 per cent at the graduate
level over previous years. Part-time faculty and staff are eligible for maternity
leaves no less than are full-time
A bigger issue is day care. Still. Whose responsibility is it? The administration's, the government's, individual parents'? Several women connected with
the Women's Office in SUB held their
own protest insisting the university
should provide free day care for children of students. Nothing much came of
Margaret Fulton, the dean of women,
has backed efforts to increase day care
facilities on campus. But as she says it's
difficult. "When you get right down to
the hard core of changing the system
you've got to have a dean with the
power of an academic dean, with that
kind of clout.... Take day care. Beyond
recommending that day care be provided, what can I do? 1 have a vote on
the senate, but one in 30 or 40. a vote on
the deans' council but I'm the only woman there among 15 men."
Meanwhile the available day care at
UBC is working out well. There are
eight parent co-ops in the old army huts
at Acadia Camp — four for children
under three (each with 12 children, the
legal limit, and two paid staff and one
parent volunteer) and four co-ops for
over-threes (24 children to 3 staff).
The university's contribution is to
give the huts rent-free plus some basic
maintenance. The parents pay a fee (up
to $170 a month depending on financial
circumstances and the child's age) toward staff salaries, and are responsible
for cleaning the huts and putting in three
to four hours a week working with the
The co-ops are open to children with
at least one parent a student, or faculty
or staff member, and need only more
space to accommodate their long waiting lists.
There are also family day care
facilities, involving 20 to 40 people with
children, who with government approval, take other children into their homes.
There have been a lot of improvements,
yes. Better wages for women, or if you
want to look at it another way, the kind
of wages they should have had in the
first place. Special places to go for support and encouragement — because the
need for support and encouragement is
apparently stronger than ever. Special
policies that promise special action for
special wrongs while insisting that women are not special at all. And over all a
murmur of "Rome wasn't built in a
Nor in a year. International Women's
Year is almost up; it's been called everything from a farce to a milestone but one
thing it ain't — the five o'clock whistle
to pack up our tools and go home.n
Viveca Ohm, BA'69, a Vancouver writer, has recently completed her second
egg tempera paintings
paintings and constructions
etchings and lithographs
paintings and watercolours
Third Floor Penthouse,
1525 West Eighth Avenue.
(half a block west of Granville),
Vancouver, Canada V6J 1T5
Telephone: 736-2405
Hours Tuesday to Saturday 10:30-5:30
All works for sale.
11 A
Fleet of
Sailing into
B.C.'s history
Geoff Hancock
I. '"1
Below us,English Bay seems a vast blue
and green anchorage and the sky is clear
as an aquarium. From the twenty-first
floor of W. Kaye Lamb's bright and tidy
apartment you can see the whole precious world of little yachts, yawls,
sloops, cabin cruisers, freighters and
sailboats on the move. To the north is
the Vancouver city harbour and between us and the boats nothing but sunlit
air. Many voyages can begin between
water and sky and for a marine historian
it's important to keep up with the
Kaye Lamb puts down his binoculars. "If you look out here on a Sunday
morning you can see 150 yachts. You
suddenly realize a lot of people here
have a connection with the sea, that the
sea embraces those chugging around as
well as those sailing."
Norman Hacking, Lamb's friend for
over forty years, agreed. He is the
marine editor of the Vancouver Province, one of only three such editors on
the Pacific coast. He considers that a
high sounding title,"but since Vancouver is one of the great seaports of the
world, I think a paper should have
somebody who is able to write about it
with some knowledge."
Kaye Lamb and Norm Hacking have
pooled their knowledge in The Princess
Story: A Century and a Half of West
Coast Shipping. "It's a straight hobby
book. Parts of it have been in draft for
years. We just never got around to putting it together. Then a rumour reached
me that someone else was going to do a
history of the Princesses. So I said to
Norman, look here, we'd better pull up
our socks and do something because we
don't want to be scooped after the moil
and toil of years. And that's the
story,"said Lamb.
Not quite. The Princess ships and the
Empress ships in the '20s were sleek,
handsome and tempting enough to make
boys want to run away to sea and Hacking and Lamb were no exception.
Hacking: "As a child I knew all the
CPR ships. 1 used to lie in bed and listen
to their whistles. I could tell them apart.
Some of the ships had two tone whistles
and others had elaborate whistles that
covered all the notes of the scale. They
could even play little tunes sometimes.
'How Dry I Am' was a favourite.
" I used to go to the docks and look at
the ships and I felt I was a part of them.
When I went to UBC I wrote a graduating thesis onthe early marine history of
British Columbia."
Lamb: "When I was in high school I
was patient and long suffering. I'd get a
pass from the CPR and crawl all over
12 dian Pacific Navigation Company and
Captain James Troup hit upon his "original and pretty plan" to christen the
newly acquired fleet after members of
the Royal family.
"The division of the writing was also
a matter of friendships," Lamb points
out. He speaks in a gently flowing voice
that has a solid vein of sincerity. "Norman had the good fortune to know Captain Johnny Irving, son of B.C. shipping
pioneer William Irving and I had the
good fortune to know John Heritage,
chief engineer on all the major Princess
boats on the Triangle run."
The Triangle run! Adventures and
gales on the dark spots of the sea! But
not so. Originally called "the crazy
run", the Vancouver-Victoria-Seattle
trips began in June, 1904. At first the
hard working coal burning steamers ran
Vancouver-Victoria round trip, then
later in the day went from Victoria to
Seattle round trip. The ships were on
the move sixteen hours a day.
But in 1908 rate wars between the
CPR and Seattle shipping companies
led to more efficient service. The CPR
introduced the Triangle run, with two
ships running in opposite directions
I Left) The Princess Marguerite
(foreground), the Princess Mary and
Princess Charlotte tied up at pier D,
Vancouver, the Princess terminal from
1914 to 1938. The Empress of Canada is
on the other side of the pier.
along the Triangle daily. At the height of
the rate war the fare between Victoria
and Seattle was as low as 25 cents
(supplemented, some said, by free
Much of the book's lively information
comes from patient research in archives
and newspaper clippings. But even
more comes from long discussions with
many of the pioneers and captains
themselves, sometimes under less
scholarly circumstances.
"When I met John Irving on the street
he'd always say 'how about a smile'?"
Hacking recalled. "A smile meant let's
go ha ve a drink and tell a story. We went
down to a little joint on Pender and Burrard where the customs house is. Margaret s bootlegging joint. She was a real
old timer. Gone to school with old
Judge Howie."
The point Hacking was making was
simple. You can't sit down and write a
book like the Princess story. You have
to gather information here and there.
Lamb said you have to have sessions
with people for the specific purpose of
getting information while they're alive.
Both men regretted not pumping their
informants enough. "You don't realize
the opportunities of talking to men like
(Below) In heavy fog the Princess May
piled up on Sentinel Rock in 1910 on her
way from Skagway to Vancouver. All
148 passengers were landed safely and
she was refloated within a month.
the Empresses. Knew them all. And to
the astonishment of my family, in 1921 I
saved up my pennies and bought a $35
Lloyd's Register of World Shipping. I
used to pore over this book as people
pore over their Bibles."
What, I ask. being a dummy about
nautical matters, is the difference between boats and ships? "Technically
speaking, a boat is something you put on
the deck of a ship," Hacking said.
"But even purists make mistakes,
Norman," said Kaye. "James Troup refers to one of his Princesses as 'a fine
boat'." Like a good marriage. Lamb and
Hacking neatly balance their conversations, with one quietly chiding, reinforcing or contradicting the other.
Hacking wrote part one of The Princess Story, 1827-1901. This includes the
early Hudson's Bay Company sailing
brigs and schooners and the sweaty men
shovelling coal into gleaming furnaces
to drive the new-fangled steamboats.
Lamb carries on from 1901 to the present. In 1901 the Canadian Pacific
Railway acquired control of the Cana-
The Princess Story: A Century and a Half
of West Coast Shipping, by Norman s
Hacking and W. Kaye Lamb, Mitchell 1
Press Ltd., Vancouver, B.C. $9.75 |
paperback. ^ that, who were in Vancouver before this
city existed, who can say "Oh, Gassy
Jack Deighton, I remember him. He
used to work for me." Hacking said.
Where did the Princess ships come
from? "In 1879 there was a sidewheeler
called the Olympia. She was renamed
the Princess Louise at the time Princess
Louise was going to visit B.C.," Hacking said. Princess Louise was the wife of
the Marquis of Lome, Governor-
General of Canada and later Duke of
"When Captain Troup took over the
fleet in 1901 he thought Princess Louise
was a nice name, and since the CPR
already had Empresses on the Pacific,
he said let's have Princesses," Lamb
Authors Lamb (left) and Hacking, on
the old CPR dock in Vancouver
harbour. In the distance the Carrier
Princess, designed to carry rail cars and
freight - not passengers.
Of course, the next time a Princess
came to visit B.C., she promptly had a
ship named after her. Princess May,
later Queen Mary, wife of George V
became the first namesake of over forty
Princess ships flying the CPR
chequered houseflag.
The Princess May was later involved
in a spectacular pileup on the rocks in
1910 that left her high and dry with over
100 feet of her hull unsupported. Her
rescue, which took nearly a month to
plan, became a classic feat of marine
But not all ships were so lucky. The
mortality rate of ships on the B.C. coast
is high.The early wooden sailing ships
were apt to run aground, not because
they were inefficient, but because the
charts were poor and there were no
navigation lights. Many waterlogged
wrecks lie off the treacherous B.C.
Some of the Princesses met humble
ends. The Princess Louise and Princess
Elaine became restaurant ships in the
United States. Several were sold in the
1950s to Greek owners and renamed.
Several foundered and sank. One, the
Princess Sophia, went aground on the
Vanderbilt Reef in Alaska in October
1918. With terrible misjudgement the
passengers were not removed to the
safety of rescue craft. In the middle of
the night the Sophia slipped off the reef
and went to the bottom taking 343 passengers and crew with her. The sole
survivor was a little dog.
The photographs of the sinking Princess Kathleen in 1952 are almost as
spectacular as those of the sinking
Andrea Doria. There is a special bitterness, Lamb writes, because the disaster
might so easily have been avoided.
Several Princesses were pressed into
wartime service and some became
casualities. The Princess Irene was
blown to bits loading mines in Scotland
in 1915. The Princess Marguerite was
torpedoed off Cyprus in 1942 and sank
within an hour.
Both Hacking and Lamb considered
the first Marguerite and Kathleen the
most attractive Princess ships. With
their sharp lines and three sassy funnels
belching smoke like volcanoes, no
wonder school boys sighed when they
hove into view.
The Princess Patricia, which still operates the Alaska cruise service, and the
second Princess Marguerite, now the
property of the B.C. government and
operating between Victoria and Seattle,
are disfigured. Lamb said, pointing out
the differences in the photographs
(which are thankfully aligned with the
"Because the CPR put the captain's
and officer's cabins in front of the deckhouse, they've got three or four miserable little windows instead of sleek lines.
They look sloppy compared to the glass
observation windows of the Kathleen
and the first Marguerite." The CPR has
clearly offended Norman Hacking and
Kaye Lamb. But then, to them, a Princess is not just any old ship, like say,
Lord Jim's Patna, rusted worse than a
condemned water tank.
Lamb: "They're miniature ocean liners, beautifully finished ships, real
ships. And there you were, on a real
ship, on your way to Victoria."
Hacking: "All you could eat, beautiful white table linen, silver service..."
Lamb, as chief archivist of British
Columbia from 1934-1940, made many
crossings between Vancouver and Victoria. "I used to say I'd slept in every
stateroom on every Princess. Well
that's an exaggeration, but I slept in an
awful lot of them."
But nobody wants to spend four
hours in a stateroom any more. Not that
the old Princesses were slow. "I remember the old Princess of Victoria was half an hour late leaving Victoria. I
never knew why. She just stayed at the
dock and then she took off. And believe
me. did the old girl go! She got to Vancouver on time. She was an old ship and
she went like the Dickens. She didn't
vibrate either," Lamb said.
"Not like the Charlotte who vibrated
so badly I used to call her old tumpety-
tump. She'd go tumpety-tum, tumpety-
tump," Lamb said, bouncing up and
down on the sofa.
The barriers preventing a fleet of
Princesses again appearing around
every corner are economic. Nostalgia
can revive one or two. like the Marguerite, but the days of luxury steamer travel
are gone.
First of all. the lucrative tourist season is too short. "The CPR can run the
Princess Patricia because she's 26 years
old and paid for. She's off the books,
except for a small bit of reconditioning.
The overhead is very little. She's in
good condition and can go along for
years. But to build a new Princess Patricia would be a staggering cost and the
CPR would only get five months service
out of her." said Lamb.
And second, the Princess ships'
luxurious and spacious staterooms were
meant for night travel. But the free and
open deck space which is so important
for fresh air seeking day travellers was
limited. In addition, the luxury
Princesses could not accommodate increased vehicular traffic, a problem
James Troup foresaw as early as 1925.
As a result the American Black Ball
ferries and the B.C. government ferries
became serious competitors. Due to the
shorter routes between Swartz Bay and
Tsawwassen. more frequent sailings
were offered. In addition the commodious new ferries could unload and load
hundreds of vehicles in minutes. The
ferries were a spectacular success with
the public and the Princesses became a
thing of the past.
Lamb says grudgingly: "I've got
nothing against the B.C. ferries.
They're all right. But they're bathroom
architecture. They remind me of a mass
of plumbing."
Thinking back to the last unmelted
cheeseburger and cornstarchy clam
chowder 1 had on a tourist packed B.C.
ferry. I can only agree that for a marine
historian, looking for class and gra-
ciousness. the best direction is backwards. The Princess Story makes a
good time machine.□
Geoff Hancock. BFA '73, MFA'75, is a
creative writing instructor with UBC's
Centre for Continuing Education and editor
of The Canadian Fiction Magazine.
Norman Hacking, BA'34. has been
marine editor of the Vancouver Province/or
many years. W. Kaye Lamb. BA'27.
MA '30. (PhD, London) retired as Canada's
National Librarian and Dominion Archivist
in 1968.
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518 5th Ave. S.W..Calgary
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15 Psychology
In research and treatment
the move is into the community
Josephine Margolis
The average layperson doesn't quite
know what to make of the modern
psychologist. Psychologists seem to
possess too much of the scientist to be
social workers, yet too little of the
therapist to be psychiatrists. In our
academic, social service or medical experiences, psychologists do not fit a
clearly defined niche.
Conjure up the popular image:
psychologist visits the school occasionally, tests children, diagnoses and assesses learning disabilities, performs
behavioral tests in mental hospitals and
does endless controlled experiments.
Nowhere is there a vision of the
psychologist assuming the role of
therapist in the community setting,
nowhere is the white-cloaked technician seen as a socially-conscious,
applied behavioral research scientist.
Readjust the image: see community
psychologists, clinicians who enter the
environment of the disturbed person.
Whether it is the depressed wife in her
home, the disgruntled business executive, the hyperactive child in kindergarten or the uncooperative tot in a day
care centre, the psychologist will tackle
the problem by teaching "coping skills"
to the person with the problem as well as
select members of that person's environment.
Focus on a new view of the laboratory researcher: In the past the discovery that seizures and possible brain
damage can be the result when alcohol
addicted rats are cut off from their daily
ration of alcohol,would have been an
acceptable and adequate research result, worthy of funding by tax dollars
and good reason for academic promotion. Today's psychologist is expected
to go even further and draw an analogy
to drunks thrown into police station
dry-out tanks.
Speak to any psychologist from any
sub-discipline — social, environmental,
behavioral, physiological, developmental or clinical — and he or she will attempt, with much conviction, to describe this wide and changing role of the
psychologist. To understand this
change, in part a response to government demands for increased relevance
in universities, in part a response to obvious social needs, start with the profession's new characterization —
"community psychology" — which as
recently as 1973 did not exist as a designated program at UBC. Note also as
part of the change, the increasing shift
towards applied research.
The UBC psychology graduate program, entitled "clinical/community psychology", trains clinical
psychologists to work in community
settings. The 24 participating students
interning in Lower Mainland municipal
health departments, UBC Health Sciences Centre hospital and Riverview
hospital,are able to learn their evalua
tive, therapeutic and consultative skills
in these settings as well as in labs and
lecture halls. Program director, Dr.
Park Davidson, explains the orientation
of this program, one of several which
the department offers: "Traditionally,
we trained psychologists to work in
large mental institutions. Today in most
mental health disciplines we treat the
individual in the community rather than
in the hospital. We believe that with
help people can manage their own problems and so we teach them social survival skills and this can be achieved only
by meeting and dealing with people in
their everyday environment. Our approach is analogous to calling in a contractor to repair the house or taking an
evening course in carpentry and doing it
Dr. Douglas Kenny, the university
president and former head of the
psychology department, defines the underlying need for such an approach:
"One-to-one intervention therapy is
rapidly disappearing; the fifty-minute
therapy hour is an ill-afforded luxury
and the benefits in terms of behavior
modification and the number of people
that can be treated is so limited as to
make it unrealistic and impractical."
The move is away from the medical-
diagnostic model to the social-adaptive
approach. Dr. Peter McLean, one of
the three coordinators of the Health
Sciences Centre hospital internship - - -"+910
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II.I We must bring the
know-how and skills
regarding human behavior
out of esoteric settings... to
the centers of everyday
life. This is mandatory in a
society which is begging
for help in the area of
mental health.
program, explains the retreat from the
traditional approach to mental illness,
the disease model where the aim is to get
people "fixed up." "To begin with the
disturbed person," says McLean, "is
not a patient but a client, a receiver of
services, which implies an active, willing and involved role; the doctor acts
merely as a tutor or craftsman to help
the person rearrange his or her living
habits. The shift is away from the in-
depth, intra-psychic approach to a view
of the person as a social entity bound by
Community psychology bridges the
gap between the social environment and
the individual. Its great promise is to be
preventive rather than to follow the
mode of fire-engine, crisis-oriented
psychiatric treatment. By concentrating
less on direct treatment and more on
passing on expertise to third parties, the
community psychologist acts as
middle-person, deciphering behavioral
problems in the individual and the group
and disseminating relevant information
to resource people at grass roots levels
— teachers, parents, prison supervisors, day care workers.
"We must," emphasizes McLean,
"bring the know-how and skills regarding human behavior out of esoteric settings, laboratories, scientific institutions and professional journals and to
the homes, the prisons, the schools and
the centres of everyday living. This is
mandatory in a society which is begging
for help in the area of mental health."
Whether the community psychologist
is meeting the disturbed person, child or
adult directly, or teaching techniques to
social service resource people, the basic
therapeutic approach is "goal-
"We believe that it is easier to facilitate pro-social behavior than to eliminate or decelerate problematic behavior
and, therefore, the approach we advocate is best described as goal attainment ," says McLean. "We are less interested in diagnosis, in the sense of
delving into the person's past, less interested in treatment including extensive hospital bed treatment and more
interested in cultivation and encouragement of a person's strengths and
abilities to cope. The client is directed
to set specific goals and we then draw on
his or her personal and social resources
which are incompatible with the unwanted behavior. Such goals may range
from the wish to overcome a fear of
flying,to the desire to improve sexual
relations or control anxiety."
McLean says, confidently, that such
skills can be taught. "We teach history,
algebra, skills that people rarely use, yet
we teach nothing about human interaction. I see the aftermath — marital discord, depression, violent behavior, social withdrawal — of this lack of instruction. People don't behave in these ways
because they are sick but rather because
they can't meet their own expectations
or the ones that others have of them, and
although they lack the skills to do so or
they misuse those they have, they can
be taught to modify negative behavioral
reactions and foster positive ones.
Studies show that while family members may affect or even cause a person's
frustrations, they are equally influential
in the ability of a person to change his or
her behavior. For this reason
psychologists assume that substantial
and effective behavior modification
must be affected in the person's daily
milieu, in school or home, and in conjunction with the person's usual associates, parents, teachers, spouses.
"We work on the assumption," says
Davidson, "that change or modification
of behavior can only be affected in the
context of a person's daily environment. Therefore, if confronted with a
disturbed child who exhibits behavioral
problems in school, we would not, as in
the past, send the child to a child-
guidance centre for direct therapy, we
would attempt to upgrade the ability of
the child's caretakers, his teachers and
parents, to cope and help the child.
Similarly, treatment of a married person
could only be achieved in relation to his
or her spouse."
Dr. Helen Best, community
psychologist and supervisor of the internship program in the Richmond
health department, describes the two
levels on which community
psychologists operate. "We aim at
primary and secondary preventive
treatment. The former is to keep people
coping and prevent rather than treat
serious problems already ingrained in a
person's behavioral pattern. The latter
is aimed at individuals with existing
problems, where the goal is early detection followed by prompt treatment."
Most programs in the health units are
aimed at treatment of children. Best
explains this concentration: "It is much
easier to achieve results with children.
If the same problem were to continue
with no intervention for a number of
years, there would be a much longer
history of non-cooperation and problems, a litany of errors. Confronted with
a troubled teenager, it would take two
hours just to review his or her history
while with younger children there is a
much better mix of positive and negative incidents."
Don Ramer, a doctoral student in
psychology who did practicum training
in the Richmond health department during the summer, is involved in a secondary preventive program with highly
impulsive children who display behavioral and developmental delays,
poor skills in motor coordination,
speech and concentration.
"My function", says Don, "is to
work with a child, referred by a public
18 health nurse, within these areas and
moreover to work with the parents and
teachers to develop strategies to cope
and also to train the children." He tackles the specific goal of helping the children to increase their attention span by
working with them two or three times a
week on academic tasks, games, puzzles, drawings, singing, and gradually
through different reinforcement
methods increases the length of their
concentration spans. Teachers and parents are taught the necessary skills and
are able to continue the training.
A primary preventive program is
being carried out by Christine Ailett,
also a PhD student who interned in the
Richmond health unit. A pilot program
involving, in its first stage, weekly
group meetings of ten mothers in a
lower-income housing development
and, in its second stage, meetings of
mothers from a cross-section of the
community, who gather to discuss problems, anticipated or actual, which they
sense may face their children in later
social and academic development. The
psychologist discusses general information about child development, organizes
weekly mother-child activities and acts
as a general resource person. The participants, mother and child, are
evaluated before and after a three-
month period and tested for progress in
the child's development, the quality of
mother-child interaction and the level of
the mother's satisfaction with the perceived relationship.
Commenting on the gains of such
programs, Best says: "Using evaluative
techniques, we measure the changes
achieved in the group or the individual.
The mother-child group project, for instance, showed improved development
in the child and an increased positive
mother-child interaction. If this is true
for low and middle-class mothers, we
are saying that with relatively minimal
costs we can provide the resources to
prevent, identify and treat problems and
that such resources need not necessarily be applied by the most highly skilled
Scientific and objective program
evaluation is mandatory for the true
value of any program to be assessed.
The increased demand by the public for
accountability for programs designed to
produce social change requires the particular expertise of the psychologist in
measuring changes in human behavior.
Davidson notes the great need for critical assessment on an ongoing basis and
refers to the recent statement of B.C.
human resources minister Norman Levi
that all human resources programs must
be subject to evaluation by
psychologists, accountants, economists
and other professionals as evidence of
the growing awareness of the danger of
program initiation without evaluation
feedback and follow-up.
Dr. Kenny feels strongly that many
programs are based on "North American optimism — the belief that massive
social intervention will radically improve the lot of everyone." He cautions
that educators should be careful not to
sell a "gold brick" to the community
because if a publicly-funded program
fails, all social scientists suffer from the
boomerang effect.
The entry of the psychologist into the
community is twofold: direct as in the
case of the community psychologist and
indirect, yet equally real and beneficial,
as in the case of the 'modern' researcher. Today's researcher is moving
from the realm of the purely scientific
and theoretic towards practical application. "Psychologists are tending to
apply frontier experimentation and
laboratory research to real-life analogy," says Davidson.
He exemplifies this attitude in his
own work. Researching pain tolerance
as a function of anxiety for almost a
decade, Davidson has found practical
application for his theoretical findings
— the possibility of expanding a person's pain tolerance psychologically
rather than pharmaceutically. Related
work is being given immediate application by Dr. Kenneth Craig, of UBC's
psychology department, in the Vancouver arthritis treatment centre and in
hospital. Treatment procedures are
being used to help patients cope with
psychological problems that result from
chronic pain.
Another example of research with a
practical pay-off is Dr. Stanley Coren's
concept of "eye dominance." Coren
has found that right-eye dominance and
right-hand dominance or left hand and
eye dominance are likely to increase
athletic coordination. People who use
their non-dominant eye to look through
a telescope or a microscope generally
report more fatigue, headaches and
grouchiness than if they were using their
dominant eye, yet most lab technicians
are trained to use their right eye to peer
through a microscope. The test for
eye-dominance is simple: close one eye;
look at an object; and point to it; now
open the other eye and check where
your finger is pointing; follow the same
procedure with the other eye. You'll
notice that only through the perspective
of one eye are you pointing directly at
the object you selected. That is your
dominant eye.
"Ten years ago psychologists would
simply publish their findings, application didn't interest them. Today their
primary interest is in the practical aspect and social utility of their theoretical
knowledge," adds Davidson.
"Applied research is also made possible by the fact that the discipline is
reaching a point in its own development
which allows for such application.
Psychology as a separate discipline is a
twentieth century phenomenon; when I
studied psychology it was a course in
the department of philosophy/
psychology. During the 30s and 40s and
into the early 60s. there was a rapid
buildup of technology and knowledge
which is only recently ready for application. An example is the Skinnerian
theory of learning, which had to be researched and tested before it could be
applied in the classroom," says Davidson.
The expansion of the role of the
psychologist is appreciated as necessary for the preservation of the profession's contribution to and promotion of
mental health in the community, yet the
widened reach has the potential to
create professional rivalry and duplication between the three related mental
health professions — psychiatry, social
work and psychology. Sensing the interface and overlap of resources both at the
education and service level. Kenny advocates a new discipline or rather an
inter-discipline. "I dream, ultimately,"
says the president, "of a new kind of
specialist, not the typically trained
psychologist or psychiatrist, but a professional who combines a good
physiological grounding in neuro-
physics and endocrine function and a
knowledge of human behavior with the
skills of therapeutic treatment."
The prime reason for advocating such
a combined speciality is, according to
Kenny, the unrealistic and often unsatisfactory academic requirements facing all three professionals. "A psychiatrist spends three or four years as an
undergrad, four years at medical
school, one year interning and another
two years as a specializing resident.
How much of that extensive training is
relevant to treating behavioral disorders? Similarly much of the
psychologist's training is not relevant to
diagnosis or therapy and the social
worker is often totally lacking in knowledge of human physiology."
Whether psychologists continue to
train in existing programs or such an
inter-disciplinary approach is adopted,
Kenny supports wholeheartedly the
view that academic training should be
combined with internship programs in
the community. "As long as there is a
vigilant supervisor, respectable
academic programs can be achieved in a
work setting and maintain a quality
which is both academic and practical in
nature. The exchange is two-way: the
community gains the skills and service
of students under the supervision of experienced professionals and the students acquire first-hand, immediate experience in facing real problems and
their solution."a
Josephine Margolis, BA '74, is a second
year law student at UBC.
19 UBC Alumni
Association 1975/76
Holiday Program
"Follow the Sun"
Soak up the sun In Mazatlan during a one or two week holiday in one of Mexico's seaside resorts.
Packages include hotel accommodation, charter flight on Pacific Western Airlines (B-737), transfers, welcome briefing with a margarita, and a city tour.
Del Sol
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One Week Stay
Two Week Stay
APPROX. 11.50 PM
1-week: DEC 20, 27   JAN 10   FEB 7   MAR 6   APR 3, 10, 17
2-week: DEC 13,27   JAN 10   FEB 7   MAR 6   APR 3, 10
SURCHARGE: Surcharge of $30 per person applies to 1-week departures, Dec 20 and Apr 17.
The all year fun spot on the Pacific coast.
Packages include hotel accommodation (Sheraton Anaheim Hotel in Anaheim and Hanalei Hotel in San Diego), round trip economy class
airfare, transfers, book of tickets to Disneyland, and for San Diego passengers, a tour of Sea World.
Each of 2
Each of a
Each of 4
Each of 5
Dec 26 - Jan 02
Dec 22 — Dec 30
NOTE: Easter school break departures are also being arranged.
20 Hawaii
Where sun, sea and sand are a good remedy for the winter blues.
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DEC 19
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* Each of 4 prices based on 2 rooms in Waikiki and one suite at Hale Kamiole on Maui.
SAVINGS FOR FAMILIES: Two-week vacations: Children 2-11 years pay $100 less
Infants under 2 years pay only $50
frank gnup's Hawaiian golf tour
An invitation to join Frank Gnup, UBC's professor emeritus of football and well-
known golf enthusiast, on a two week golfing tour to Maui and Oahu.
* Round trip economy airfare Vancouver / Honolulu
* Inter-island flights
* Airport/hotel transfers on Maui and Oahu
*14 nights first-class accommodation — 7 on
Maui — 7 on Waikiki.
* Tennis courts available
* 5 rounds of golf including green fees and golf carts
* 2 cocktail receptions
* Escorted by Frank Gnup
* Slazenger golf bag covers
* Canadian and US departure taxes
* Tickets to Hawaiian Open
Tour cost based on two persons sharing twin bedded room:  Golfers       - $730
Non-golfers- $610
How to Book:
Terms of Payment:
Burke's World Wide Travel, Group Department
808 West Hastings St.
Vancouver, BC V6C 1C9
Telephone: 688-2325
A deposit of $50 per person is required at time of booking. Balance is payable 45 days prior to departure.
Prices are based on group air fares, charters and group hotel rates current at the time of going to press (August 1975) and are subject to revision
if there are any changes in the existing rates or tariffs.
Cancellation fee insurance is available. Enquire with Burke's for full details. All costs quoted in Canadian dollars.
21 '*7
Curmudgeon. Yes, that's the word that
first pops to mind. A somewhat cantankerous and crusty fellow.
To read his correspondence with The
Ubyssey, to listen to his views on student radicals, to read some of his comments made in the university senate on
student participation in university governance, one could easily continue to
believe that curmudgeon is the proper
adjective. But the impression would be
false. Curmudgeon implies an element
of churlishness, and the tall, silver-
haired gentleman who extends his hand
at the door of Buchanan 276 is anything
but churlish.
His name is Malcolm Francis
McGregor, and for the past 21 years he
has gained a reputation as one of the
indefatigable workhorses on the UBC
campus. Malcolm McGregor, head of
the department of classics; Malcolm
McGregor, member of countless senate
committees; Malcolm McGregor, master teacher; Malcolm McGregor, director of residences; Malcolm McGregor,
director of ceremonies....
A multi-faceted career which this
summer took a slight shift in emphasis
once again. The silver-haired gentleman
reached the age of 65 which required
relinquishing his duties as a department
head. But those whose university politics lean toward conservatism, those
who enjoy seeing a certain campus
newspaper gets its occasional comeuppance, those who delight in hearing
someone pour out his candid, unvarnished, frank opinions, and those whose
heart beats just a little faster at the sight
of a fully-robed academic parade,
pairistakingly staged, can breathe easy.
He's not leaving.
"I'll have plenty to do," he says with
a grin, as he sits in his cramped office on
a hot August afternoon. "I shall still sit
on several committees, I'm involved in
several international organizations, and
I shall be teaching afull program." That
full program includes Greek language
for beginners, a 300-level course in
Greek history, several lectures in the
introductory course to classical studies,
and a graduate seminar in his special
field of interest, Greek epigraphy - the
study of ancient inscriptions.
22 Classic Curmudgeon?
...just maybe
Murray McMillan
"The students have been my life and
the central part of what 1 do. I think
students appreciate plain speaking and
I've always tried to tell students what I
Sometimes that message has been
very blunt. In February. 1969, during an
appearance before a young people's
group at Shaughnessy Heights United
Church in Vancouver, he encountered
some strong opposition from activist
students on the subject of university reform. He told the reformers simply: "I
rather suspect when you were younger
your bottoms weren't smacked hard
He added: "I have never met a
younger generation more arrogant than
this one. You (young people) think you
are unique, that you are the first ever to
go out and have a look at the world and
be dissatisfied. But this has always been
the way and there have always been
Looking back at the incident six years
ago, he says it was his reaction to specific events at a specific time. A few
months earlier several hundred students, led by American Yippie leader
Jerry Rubin, had "liberated" the Faculty Club. The invasion was the major
manifestation at UBC of the radical
student movement of the late '60s.
His assessment of that situation is
concise: It was started by an alien who
came in and stirred up emotions on
campus. "Unfortunately many of our
decent and hard-working students followed like sheep."
He says he has always opposed the
placing of students on departmental
committees and other governing bodies
of the university. Decisions of senate
and the revision of the provincial Universities Act in recent years have put
students on those bodies, and those are
changes he graciously accepts.
He says his opposition to the changes
has created a somewhat false impression that he is unresponsive to student
opinions. "My door has always been
open to students wanting to make
suggestions and offer criticisms. I have
always felt that it is far more economical
use of a student's time to drop into an
office and say what he or she thinks
rather than sit on committees.
"I don't think students come to the
university in order to tell us how to run
it, and we should not give them the impression that that is why they are here.
It would be just as sensible for me to go
to the cockpit and tell the pilot how to
run the plane.
"The student who does not like the
way we run the show is not required to
be here. He should find a place where
conditions are much more suitable to his
demands. The great majority of students are here to learn, and it is a pleasure to be with them, to participate in
teaching, and to learn with them and
from them."
Malcolm McGregor, the teacher
and scholar, holds an impressive international reputation. He was born in a
suburb of London and came to Vancouver in his boyhood. After a BA in
1931 at UBC and a master's degree a
year later, there were two years at the
University of Michigan and then on to
the University of Cincinnati, where in
1937 he received his doctorate. He
stayed at Cincinnati, eventually became
a full professor, and in 1954 was lured
back to his first love, UBC, by the offer
of the post of head of the classics department.
Lists of his contributions of articles
and reviews in scholarly journals fill
pages and pages, but his magnum opus
was a four-volume work, completed
over 20 years in conjunction with two
other scholars. Entitled The Athenian
Tribute Lists, it is a study of the financial records of Athens in the fifth century B.C. In 1954 it received the award
of merit of the prestigious American
Philological Association.
His qualities as a teacher were recognized in 1974 when, with Dr. Ben
Moyls (now assistant dean of graduate
studies), he shared the Master Teacher
Award. Dr. McGregor says that over
his 21 years as department head he has
continually worked to improve the quality of teaching in classics. "I have always preached to the faculty that students come first, that during the
academic year teaching is the primary
occupation. I have an impatience with
the man who says that his research
leaves little time for teaching. We have a
long summer and I have encouraged faculty to engage in research at that
time." he explains.
He knows all too well the politics of
academic research and says: "I always
hope that every man who engages in
research does it because he is interested
in it, not to get promoted."
In 1966 McGregor took on the
one position at the university which one
senses he regrets, he became director of
residences. "The president. Dr. John
B. Macdonald, wanted an academic
looking after residences in order to make
the residences more academic. I discovered that this was impossible. The
residences are the students' homes and
I found we should be careful in trying to
place academic strictures on those
He said in the end he was spending
more and more time in administrative
duties — checking plans for new buildings, in some cases acting as judge in
matters of misconduct. After two years
he happily turned the job over to
another man.
During those two years he was continually referred to in The Ubyssey as
"HousingCzar Malcolm McGregor," a
sobriquet which he appeared to enjoy.
Back in his undergraduate days he was a
member of the paper's staff, but in recent years on almost every issue the
paper would be on one side, the professor on the other. The battle was always
light of heart.
"I have never tried to fight any serious war in the columns of The Ubyssey
— it would be a serious blunder. I
thought that last year they reached an
apex of excellence — they learned to
spell my name correctly."
Doing things correctly, with the right
spit-and-polish, is important to Malcolm Francis McGregor. One of the
jobs he takes great pride in is his position of director of ceremonies.
"Our responsibilities are concerned
with the university on parade. The university without a prestigious history, I
think, must be sure that it acts with
propriety and protocol when it is on
parade. We are visited by a great
number of important persons from all
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over the world. These persons must be
treated with the courtesy and dignity
that their rank demands.
"I believe in ceremony, I believe in
tradition - all the trappings. All our efforts are directed to doing things properly. I hope that when our guests depart
they feel the University of British Columbia has acted properly. This doesn't
mean that we are stiffly serious — there
can always be the light moment."
A man with a fine sense of humor,
McGregor says that if there is one
change in university life which saddens
him, it is the shift to a more serious
attitude. He says the light-hearted moment, the good practical joke, is very
rare now, and that distresses him.
What does Malcolm McGregor do in
his lighter moments, when he is not
teaching or deeply engaged in research,
or planning a congregation?
The question was asked in the third
person, and he replies in the same:
"Malcolm McGregor follows keenly
the game of cricket. He is vice-
president of the British Columbia Cricket Association, he is a member of the
Association of Cricket Umpires, he
participates in the administration of
cricket in British Columbia and the rest
of Canada, he umpires throughout the
Bringing out the contents of a briefcase he adds: "He reads. A good deal of
his time is spent in his own field of
study, but he reads detective stories and
books about cricket. He reads the
learned journals."
He shows the visitor a small, battered
book which is held together by two rubber bands: "The Histories of
Thucydides, his favorite author and
about whom there is much he doesn't
know." There is a volume of the Revue
des Etudes Anciennes, and two books
on cricket.
I n the winter he umpires field hockey,
a second love. He played cricket until
1968 (he was 58 then), when he tore a
muscle which never did heal completely-
Looking around his new, small office
in Buchanan there are clues to the man's
character. The walls are lined with volumes of classical studies, pictures of
university presidents hang over the one
blackboard, on which is written just
three words: Home Sweet Home.
Behind the door, on a hanger, is a
black academic robe, marked with
chalk dust. He still wears it regularly to
class. Part of the academic tradition of
doing things properly.
A young lady of my acquaintance
who thrived on his classes was told this
profile was in the works. A curmudgeonly piece on Prof.McGregor.
"Malcolm? A curmudgeon?," she
exclaimed. "He's a cupcake."□
Murray McMillan is a Vancouver freelance writer. An
Eric Green
How important are standards set by the
academic community to our society?
This question reappears in various
forms and places and causes heated debate and then submerges for a time. Because 'reading, 'riting and 'rithmetic'
are still essential elements of our system
of education, the battles are often
fought in these areas. Most recently, a
public argument developed over functional illiteracy in high school
graduates, and the cost of re-educating
them once they have gone on to college
or university.
Strangely,one set of researchers will
present evidence that standards are falling and then a short time later another
set of researchers will say high school
graduates are better educated now than
ever before in history.
So—who's right?
As in most arguments, there appears
to be a great deal of opinion (both informed and uninformed) for both viewpoints.
An august body named the Academic
Board of British Columbia, established
under the previous Social Credit government ostensibly to provide high-
level advice to the department of education regarding the development of
higher education in general, published a
statement when it went out of existence
last spring that was a strong parting
"The Academic Board wishes to express its concern at the apparent increasing lack of uniformity in academic
standards and curricula in the province
of British Columbia and with an apparent decrease in the standards of some
university programs."
Standards and curricula are obviously inseparable elements of the learning experience. The board was wisely
trying to speak from an overview of all
forms of public education.
In its statement the board then attacked the department of education:
"By a conscious policy on the part of
the department of education,
province-wide high school examinations have been phased out, and as a
result there are no longer adequate
guidelines to maintain uniform
academic standards of high school
graduation. This divergence of standards is most apparent to the universities, which traditionally have used
high school grades as the most reliable
predictors of a student's ability to profit
from a university education."
Eileen Dailly. the minister of education, responded to this criticism: "I
can't agree with that. The universities
can and do set their own admission
"Because the province-wide exams
are gone doesn't mean students enter
university or college without marks.
There is a record of their marks for individual subjects. Instead of one government exam, the final achievement is
based on an evaluation of all the student's work."
The Academic Board's point of view:
"With different graduating standards
being used throughout the province,
high school grades are no longer an
adequate measure for evaluation by
universities, colleges or employers. In
the opinion of the Academic Board this
is a gross disservice to many students,
both those with unusually high
academic ability who do not have the
opportunity to demonstrate their
achievement, as well as those with only
moderate academic accomplishments
who may be misled in their choice of
appropriate post-secondary education."
Did the board forget the optional
government scholarship examinations?
An official in the department of education stated that a battery of exams can
be written by graduating students which
will give universities and colleges a
measure of their scholarship.
"There is a definite way for students
to show their scholarship," the official
said, and the exams are open to all students. But he added that he agrees that
registrars of colleges and universities
are faced with a special problem, and
will have to find some way of assessing
prospective students. With 235 high
schools in the province, this is abigjob.
"There are some schools in the province with such high standards that a
C-plus might be equal to an A taken in
another school."
In its next statement, the board
seemed to be speaking directly to the
minister: "The students most harmed
25 by this apparent erosion of standards
are those from homes in which the parents themselves have had only limited
educational opportunities, and who.
therefore, must rely entirely on the
school system for academic guidance.
Of particular concern is the decreased
requirement for students to demonstrate a minimum ability in written
English and in mathematics. Any
deficiencies in these areas deny a student access to most, if not all, professional careers."
Dailly, herself a school teacher and
school trustee in B.C. for many years,
says, "We still say they must have certain basic requirements. There is no
'free for all'." The minister put her
objectives into words. "We have two
objectives: One, we must see that
every student that leaves the school system has basic skills and is functionally
literate and, two, they must understand
their citizenship and their contribution
to society."
And she agreed that there seems to be
evidence for the argument that there is a
literacy problem. "I must admit the area
of functional skills has shown a weakening. We are assessing this, and are especially carrying out research into language skills. I do believe that this area
must be looked at closely."
She argues against the claims of those
who say the present-day grade twelve
student is less-educated or less skilful
than his or her predecessors. "The average grade twelve student has more
poise and more skills. You have to go
and look at the students being
graduated. I sit on panels regularly with
them and I am constantly impressed
with their poise and self-confidence. In
my generation most of us would have
been frozen."
As for the 'good old days' argument,
she said, "How many people in those
days got past grade eight? Education
has to move forward with the society,
The Academic Board again: "As disturbing as the lack of uniformity in standards, is the removal of uniformity in
curricula. School districts and individual high schools have been encouraged to develop their own curricula. It is
assumed that a curriculum committee in
each school district, consisting of
teachers, parents and students, will be
charged with the responsibility for curriculum development."
Minister Dailly again:"We are trying
to decentralize the setting of curricula,
to make it more suitable and responsive
to the area. We don't think this will degrade standards. An example in practice is the NITEP (Native Indian
Teacher Education Program) conducted by UBC's education faculty
people." NITEP has four education
centres in northen B.C. and workshops
are conducted, supported by any reme-
Every child has a right
to be given the
education necessary
for a full, rich life
dial development necessary, in these
outlying centres. Students in the program are encouraged to become both
academically sound and, at the same
time, to be responsive to unique local
circumstances. Although NITEP is
specifically for native Indian teachers
and is a university program, the minister
said she feels it is a model of the kind of
program that will be possible with decentralization.
The Academic Board is apparently
sceptical of the control, at a provincial
level, of the core programs in the school
districts of the province. "In theory
there are to be core curricula developed
by the department of education, but
without province-wide evaluation there
is no guarantee that the core curricula
will be followed. As a result, students
are entering the colleges and universities unprepared in certain areas of the
traditional curriculum of each discipline. The problem is compounded in
first-year university-level courses because students from different school
districts have different gaps in their
background knowledge."
The board was obviously in a difficult
position. The sweeping conclusions it
has made were not grounded in a major
research program. The board was never
funded in such a way that it could carry
out province-wide research that would
guarantee (to use its word) the statistical
basis of its opinions.
The New Democratic government
has substituted a different kind of
agency in place of the Academic Board.
Called the Universities Council of
B.C., it is adequately funded, in collaboration with other agencies and the department of education, to carry out the
kind of research that will substantiate or
negate the opinions of those who feel
"Johnny" (that curiously ubiquitous
symbol of the student) is getting a raw
deal in our education system.
The battle is familiar and recurs, lt
develops in time the kind of inevitability, like the grinding mills of the gods.
that we associate with the formula of
Greek drama. The protagonist finds he
or she is trapped in conflict: in this case
the board sees itself as the defender of
well-established and culturally vital
standards. The villain is the department
of education, which has destroyed the
one thing that will guarantee the credibility of matriculation.
There is a chorus on one side that
shouts out the lament for the lost perfection. There is a chorus on the other side
that decries the claim that there are
standards, that uniformity is worthwhile, and that there is a set group of
people (namely university professors)
who have a right to maintain the truth,
the honor, the respectability and the
integrity of the degree- granting process
throughout the education system.
In the middle the student and his
parents don't feel any alarm because
the work load seems onerous, the demands of the examiners extreme, and
the difficulty of matching academic experience with the claims of the work
world confusing and troublesome.
The board's statement is interesting
at one point. It assumes that the work
goals of students are all directed toward
being "professional." Isn't that why we
go to college and  university? Isn't
Throughout the board's public
statement there is a presupposition that
uniformity is a virtue, and uniformity is
guaranteed  by central government
exams. If the old government exams (to
make an argument) were so successful,
who made them so? The very teachers
who will now, in collaboration with
trustees, students and parents, have
somewhat more control in designing a
good curriculum.
The paternalism of this process is obvious...but there's a hitch. Who taught
the teachers? Aha! As we suspected, it
was university professors. But who
taught the university professors?
School teachers, who were in turn
taught by university professors. Infinite
So who really guarantees the validity
and academic quality of the school curriculum (the same principles apply to
colleges and universities)?
Academic standards are without a
doubt essential to society. There's a
hook. however(hooks and hitches there
always are ). The hook is: who gets to
set the standards? We know that
philosophical debates prevail in every
discipline, from astronomy through
literary criticism to that most contentious of disciplines, philosophy itself.
Dailly"s point of view: "Every child
has a right to be given the education
necessary for a full, rich life. My private
ambition as minister of education is to
see a humane school system developed,
to see that schools, colleges and universities operate in a humane climate. This
doesn't equate with permissiveness. It is essential that there be guidelines and
"You can change all the structure you
want. Unless teachers and administrators change their attitudes toward
student needs, nothing is altered. The
right people must get into the classrooms as teachers.
" I want to see teachers being selected
who like children. I'll do everything I
can to support teachers. This is the way
standards are maintained. Teachers
must have a chance to upgrade their
skills, because education is between
students and teachers. It's a two-way
street. Standards are based in the integrity of the student-teacher relationship'.'
What's interesting is that the minister
focuses on the human element, the encounter between students and teachers,
and on the need for local decisionmaking. The board focuses in its comments on curricula, on technical arrangements, on abstract standards, on
the formalization of relationships and
opportunities through universal examinations, created and administered centrally.
This suggests no fault...but a conflict
at the level of serious philosophy.
A humane view of the dilemmas facing children in school now. as well as in
post-secondary institutions, was presented by Dr. Roy Daniells at this
year's UBC congregation . His subject
was '"the challenge to universities and
their graduates posed by the contemporary explosion of knowledge."
He said. "When I was a student, we
had the concept of a gradual widening of
boundaries, an enlargement by continual additions to the stock of learning
information. But this image of slow
accretion has suddenly become obsolete. We are caught in an expansion so
rapid it feels like a detonation and the
shape of our conceptions is being
changed under pressures associated
with new techniques of research, of
record, of communication, of interpretation."
Some people believe in a historical
view that standards are ultimately set by
great men (say Marx. Christ. Plato.
Hume, or even John Dewey). Others
believe that the needs and demands of
the masses, of the society, set standards. What are we talking about?
Norms and the average, or private excellence and the exceptional or unique
achievements of the few?
If Daniell's view is correct, and I believe it is. then there will always be a
crisis of expectation in education at any
Does the student try to become a
healthy, contributing citizen, or try to
imitate the great scholars and either best
them or imitate them?
Daniells enters the debate
again:"The distinctive contribution of
the university to society  is found, of
There will always be
a crisis of expectation
in education
at any level
course, in the nature of its graduates.
Nothing excites me more on the UBC
campus, nothing fills me with more hope
for the future of Canada, nothing seems
more splendidly significant than the new
temper of student opinion which has become visible over the past few years. I
detect in your generation as never before, a combination of awareness, concern and purpose. You do not believe
in automatic progress; neither do you
believe in the inevitability of regression.
Events and situations that your great-
grandparents were tempted to regard as
normal, kinds of suffering that must
have seemed to them as inevitable—
these now produce a sense of shock and
plans for action."
Question No. 1 is obviously: Standards for what?
Dr. Lee Whitehead, of UBC's English department, confessed that he feels
ambivalent about the question of the
university's function in preserving
standards and its role, as a consequence, in the community.
"Some days I'm pessimistic and cynical, and I doubt that there is any correspondence between what I do and the
community. On the other days I'm optimistic and idealistic, and feel there is a
connection between what I try to cultivate in myself and my students and the
character of civilization.
"The university ought to have a role
in the process of asserting values in the
community. By and large I believe it
does, but sometimes I'm concerned
about it." He believes the university
should be part of the spiritual and intellectual life of the community, but feels
there is often a basic misunderstanding
in the community of what a university is
(hence what academic standards are to
society). It is also true that some
academics discount their accountability
to the community that pays their wages.
"It is hard to be an academic, and
believe in what you are doing, when you
feel your role isn't understood or ap
preciated," Whitehead said. He also
distinguished between anti-
intellectualism and anti-academicism
by saying that the specific character of
academic life can be criticized without
being anti-intellectual.
In other words, it is possible to believe that universities exaggerate their
role in maintaining community standards. "There is also confusion, honest
argument, about what intellectualism
is." Whitehead added.
Whitehead has published critical articles on literature and on theory of the
imagination and myth. He is interested
in the way societies mythologize and the
way the character of a society is a function of mythologizing.
This might have an application, he
believes, to the question of standards.
"It may be that we create myths about
academic standards. It is probably a
danger to reify feelings about objective
standards. There ought to be. as well, a
strenuous expectation of achievement!"
There is obviously a connection between the most strenuous expectations
and the way students experience the
processes of formal education. The importance of examinations is obviously a
sore spot. Is it simply because human
beings are fundamentally lazy and will
dodge the hard work necessary to meet
those expectations, or is it because it is
hard to connect the importance of the
(in some cases) private interests of
teachers and professors (who can be
good at grinding private axes) and personal interest?
The bell-shaped marking curve has,
educators realize, had enormous impact
on many people's lives. Some say "for
better." some say "for worse."
There is a strange persistence of the
idea that only people who are teachers
and professors are capable of discipline,
and that they have a right to discipline
the whole society and shape its character.
"There is a curious egoism in the
academic community." one college instructor said. "Some people look at the
question of maintaining standards and
think that is the whole mandate for a
university. Some say, what about creating new ones? There will never be any
easy reconciliation of that conflict.
"LIniversities and schools cost a lot
of money. If the system is working inside a neat, mechanical framework, the
parts each do their bit. If one has to take
over the job that is supposed to be done
by another, they are unhappy. So are
the politicians. Academics are not immune to thinking they are paragons because of where they are positioned, because of their salary and the perquisites
society gives them. Whether they deserve them is contentious, debatable,"
the college instructor said.
Universities, colleges and schools
have, of course, not remained static.
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When a student 'fails',
who really has failed?
Some say the teachers,
some blame the parents
and many blame
the student.
They are subject to change, development, expansion and even the impact of
revolution. When a student 'fails', who
really has failed? Some say the
teachers, some blame the parents and
many blame the student.
Perhaps the fail/pass distinction is the
most psychologically destructive way
of categorizing human beings. Certainly
many educational philosophers have believed that to be true.
Academic standards have a social
purpose. Perhaps in a hundred years we
will have developed better, more
sophisticated educational techniques,
making the ones we use now look like
Model'T' Fords. If so, those who have
a passionate intensity about the present
ones may be doing those future standards a disservice, and their present
students as well. We can obviously expect too little, but we can also expect
too much.
One person, an educator interviewed for this article,made a strong
point. She said,"There is a sense that
the person who sets standards should in
their own private lives be an excellent
example of the fulfillment of those standards.
"Look around you at the people who
set academic standards. How many of
them do you respect enough to make a
model for your own performance? How
many of them have a right to throw
those stones?
"Standards are somewhat arbitrary,
temporary and subject to replacement if
something better turns up. How do we
determine something is 'better,' except
with reference to a higher standard?
"Theories in education might be described as hard or soft, left or right,
conservative or liberal. I suppose all
education tries to produce good citizens, but what is good citizenship?
Would a socialist agree with a capitalist?
"The arguments keep regressing...the teachers teach professors
when they are students. The professors
teach teachers when they come to college or university. So who's to blame if
the standards are set badly?"
Speaking to students who graduated
this spring, Roy Daniells shared some
optimism about this generation of
graduates. "Let me illustrate what I
mean about the uniqueness of your generation. The world has traditionally
presented a spectacle of violence. The
arts of the old civilizations are full of the
slaughter of men and beasts, of armed
combat. Violence and disorder and savage cruelty persist appallingly into this
contemporary world of ours. But with
one startling change: this generation no
longer regards them as inevitable or part
of a natural, unchallengeable order. A
simple example will suffice—we do not
take the extinction of endangered
species of animals as inevitable but as
"My hope for Canada rests squarely
on you who believe yourselves citizens
of the world, who believe that ideas
once accepted as immutable can be
challenged, that men may live in unity
while cherishing diversity. And this
new dynamic, this new and rational
hopefulness springing up in the very
face of disasters and disorders, has as its
great armoury of tools and weapons, the
kinds of knowledge universities bring
forth. It is a gift of knowledge ever
ready to scrutinize, to correct, to augment and to energize itself."
Theorists in the field of education and
psychology have no common understanding about the best way to educate,
or to guarantee excellence. Some insist
that most formal education is lost over
time because it isn't used. Others add
that no teachers, or teaching system
can prepare anyone adequately for the
kind of world Daniells describes.
Universities have the right to feel
proud of the contributions they make to
the progress society makes. Many
academics are happy to share in that
pride; few, however, seem as eager to
accept the blame for the failures or for
those contributions to human knowledge which help society become more
efficiently destructive.
One thing is certain; universities, colleges and the public school system are
here to stay, and will have a significant
part to play in shaping society.
Academic standards, whatever they are
taken to be at any given time, will impinge on the values and standards of the
The wisdom in the old adage. 'There
are no royal roads to learning,' still has a
message for us, both with regard to the
role that standards in academic life at all
levels play in our lives, and in the dilemmas of becoming educated. □
Vancouver writer Eric Green, BA'68, is
former director of administration with
the Universities Council. mmm
UBC Names New
Three new vice-presidents have been appointed to assist President Kenny in running
They are Dr. Michael Shaw, professor of agricultural botany and former dean of
agricultural sciences, as vice-president with
responsibility for university development,
Dr. Erich Vogt. professor of physics, as
vice-president of faculty and student affairs
and Charles Connaghan. BA'59, MA'60, as
vice-president responsible for the administration of the non-academic sector of the university. Both of the academic vice-
presidents, who took office July 1, will continue to teach in their faculties. Connaghan's
appointment is effective October 6.
Both Vogt and Connaghan have had close
ties with the alumni association in the past.
Erich Vogt was for several years a member of
the Chronicle editorial committee, serving
for the past two years as head of the committee. Charles Connaghan, a former AMS
president, has been a member of the alumni
board of management and a branch representative in Quebec and Ontario. Since returning to B.C. to head the Construction Labor
Relations Association in 1970, he has served
as a government appointment to the university senate and a senate representative to the
board of governors. In last year's rearrangement of the board under the new
Universities Act. he was one of two board
members appointed by the cabinet from a list
of nominees submitted by the alumni association. He resigned as president of CLRA in
the early part of the summer.
Reunion Notes:
The Class of '20
Comes to Tea
Over half a century ago the Class of Arts '20
was labelled as "upstarts" and some of the
members of Applied Science '20 developed
what the 1920 Annual called a "mania for
explosives, notably fulminate of mercury.
The nonchalant manner in which it was
handled was frequently a cause for concern
to those in the immediate vicinity."
This was also the class that decided it
would be fitting and proper for under
graduates to weargowns. The garments were
duly ordered and proudly worn on their arrival four months later. "At first there were
some slight casualties, but after a little practice everyone learned to walk the length of
the reading room without upsetting any of the
Early in August, 21 of the "upstarts" and
their classmates gathered to celebrate the
fifty-fifth anniversary of their graduation
from Fairview. The honorary president of
the class, emeritus professor F.G. "Freddy" Wood and Bea Wood were on hand to
greet the members and guests who were welcomed by Judge Alfred FJ. Swencisky.
class president, Janet Gilley, vice-president
and Elizabeth Abernethy Klinck. secretary.
Many of the class members came from out
of town for the event: from New York, Ada
Smith Lintelman; Florence Irvine Greenwood, Seattle; Waller Rebbeck, Michigan;
Harry Andrews, Powell River; Don
McKechnie, recently returned to Vancouver
from Sudbury; and from Victoria a whole
delegation, Patricia Smith, Gladys Porter.
Hugh Keenleyside, Katherine Pillsbury
Keenleyside and Evelin Lucas Fleishman.
With old friendships to renew and reminiscences to enjoy, the reunion tea was
undoubtedly a decorous affair... at least the
class secretary did not include any mention
of upset furniture — the memories of those
early lessons in academic deportment having
Fairview Grove
To be Dedicated
The Fairview committee, with representatives from the Classes of '15 to '28 and
chaired by emeritus dean Blyth Eagles, is in
the final planning stages for what will be called the Fairview Grove. The south Main
Mall site chosen for the project is the piece of
land on which the second president of the
university. Leonard S. Klinck, then dean of
agriculture, set up the tent he lived in for
three summers. 1915 to 1917. Plans include
having the site gradually replanted with native forest trees and having a large natural
boulder carved, indicating the significance of
the site in UBC's history, a permanent reminder of the first day of classes 60 years ago
at Fairview. A dedication ceremony and
reunion tea are scheduled for September 30.
Record numbers of senior citizens enrolled
for the free summer session this year. A
highlight was tea at Cecil Green Park,
co-sponsored by the alumni association,
where nearly 200 of the senior scholars met
special guests. Eileen Dailly, minister of
education (center, right) and university
president Dr. Douglas Kenny I left).
'25 Celebrates by
Giving a Gift
The Class of '25 celebrated its fiftieth anniversary in June by giving the university a
gift. It has promised to provide the equipment needed for the orientation theater in the
UBC Museum of Anthropology scheduled
to open next year. The gift includes projectors for slides and sound film, tape decks,
amplifiers, stereo speakers and all the controls and switches needed to run everything.
Exotic Branches
Bloom in the Fall
Faraway branches with exciting sounding
names are making some very interesting
plans for fall programs.
In Japan, they are asking who is Erich
Vogt and why is he coming to Japan? And
they are all planning to be there. Saturday,
November 15 at the beautiful Chinzanso restaurant to find out. There they will get to
meet Dr. Erich Vogt. one of UBC's new
vice-presidents and an internationally known
nuclear physicist. Local arrangements are
being handled by Maynard Hogg. T156,
1-4-22 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-Ku, Tokyo.
(Alumni in Japan are asked to forward any
address changes as soon as possible to be
sure that invitations arrive in time for this
Down-under the Aussies are planning a bit
of celebration to coincide with Canadian
Thanksgiving. The date is October 13 at the
Hilton Hotel in Sydney. Guest speaker is
John Bell. BCom'62, Canadian commercial
consul in Sydney. For further information
contact Chris Brangwin. 12 Watkins Street,
Bondi  N.S.W.  (phone 389-6054).
29 The beauty of
British Columbia7
the magic of
The Harrison.
Just east of Vancouver, there's a
resort that offers a rare blend of
natural charm and sparkling personality. A distinguished resort of 285
rooms, where you can enjoy sumptuous cuisine, nightly dancing and
entertainment, swimming in heated
pools, golf, tennis, riding, boating,
water-skiing. A resort that's perfectly attuned to its magnificent
setting.And ideally suited for relaxing and memorable holidays. The
resort is called The Harrison .. . and
it's ready now to bring a little magic
into your life. For our color brochure,
write: Claus Ritter, General Manager, The Harrison, Harrison Hot
Springs, British Columbia, Canada.
Represented in the West by
Fawcett/Tetley Co.
Bursary Fund
Honors Gage
Since its inception seven years ago, the
Alumni Bursary Fund has often been the
helping hand that students have needed to
help them finish their year or their degree.
And for those years the hand that was there
to give them aid from the alumni fund has
been that of Walter Gage. In a way it was an
unofficial Walter Gage fund - but now it is
official - with the full name of the Walter
Gage Bursary Fund.
"We are delighted that Dr. Gage has
agreed to this change in the name of the
fund," said Ken Brawner. association president. "We feel that it will provide continuing
recognition of the incalculable contributions
that Walter Gage has made over the years to
the welfare of students on this campus."'
In its seven years the bursary fund has
provided over $155,000 for student assistance in amounts of $50 to $500. Last year
special arrangements were made to allow up
to $5,000 annually for assistance for part time
A few moments to rest in the sun, and then
the Young Alumni Club members were off
again on a hiking weekend in Garibaldi
Park. This first excursion was a great
success and will be followed by a second
session in late September. The YAC fall
program is in full swing. For details contact
the alumni office, 228-3313.
(Above) The intricate workings of TRIUMF
are explained to the class of'25 daring a
campus tour which was part of their reunion
weekend schedule last summer.
The Great Pumpkin
Cometh—to IWY
The tempo of International Women's Year
events on campus this autumn is on the upbeat. The program will look at women in
relation to men and children, women and the
economy, women in sports and recreation,
and women in newly emerging roles.
The panel discussions, workshops, lectures by distinguished guests, sports clinics,
theatre, exhibitions, films and colloquiums,
all free, are designed for on and off-campus
Women's Week, Oct 6-11, will include
feminist theatre, poetry readings, karate and
self-defence, audio-visual and film displays,
women's music, a women's health workshop
and a lecture discussion with Marie-Claire
Some cultural events to watch for in October are an exhibition of art by B.C. women
in the SUB art gallery; a professional readers
theatre group also appearing in SUB's art
gallery; and a noon hour film. International
Women's Year: Who in the World Needs It?,
at the Vancouver Public Library.
Guest speakers will include Dr. Diana
Alstad. Feminism and the Evolution of
Awareness: Dr. Jessie Bernard, distinguished sociologist. Freda Paltiel. Nita Barrow. Gene Errington and Dr. Jean Lipman in
a panel discussion. The Changing Function
of Women in Modern Society; and Dr.
Esther Lucile Brown, sociologist and health
service consultant, discussing both Newer
Trends in Patient Care and Community
Health Services and Nursing Reconsidered:
A Report of Change.
For more complete information on the
times and places of these events, please contact UBC Information Services. 228-3131.
UBC's women's athletic department is
holding both a conference, Oct. 23-Oct. 26,
and a sports festival, Oct.22-Oct.30 on campus. It will feature demonstration and participation clinics in some of the less well-
30 known sports such as water polo, ringette,
soft lacrosse, karate and self defence and
rhythmic gymnastics. The Great Pumpkin
Bicycle Race. Oct. 30. is a special event, not
to be missed. Throughout the period of the
festival fitness evaluation clinics will take
place in Memorial Gym. Contact the UBC
women's athletic office. 228-2295, for complete details.
CASE Awards for
Alumni Programs
Two alumni association program areas were
honored at the July conference of the Council for the Advancement and Support of Education held in Chicago.
The alumni branches program under the
direction of Leona P. Doduk. and the alumni
fund directed by I.C. (Scotty) Malcolm, both
received awards of merit. The fund award
was for the category of direct mail campaigns
and the branches award for alumni relations
This is the first time the branches program
has received an international award and it
reflects the emphasis the association has
placed on the program inside and outside
Award winning is becoming habitual for
the fund. In the past there have been several
awards including the $1,000 U.S. Steel
award for sustained giving. This year, in addition, the fund received a citation as a
finalist in the U.S. Steel competition for the
second ye"ar in a row.
Leona P. Doduk, new alumni program director
New Program
Director Appointed
September I was a day of substantial change
in the alumni offices at Cecil Green Park.
Perry Goldsmith, BA'70, program director for the past three years, left to pursue a
more academic career. He plans part-time
study on an MBA program along with increased time spent developing his other interest. Contemporary Dialogue Ltd.. a
Canadian Program and Speakers Bureau.
"Perry has made many contributions to the
association in terms of programming, ideas
and enthusiam. We are sorry to see him leave
Perry Goldsmith
but wish him the best of luck in the future."
said Harry Franklin, association executive
The new program director is Leona P.
Doduk, BA'71 who joined the association
staff three and a half years ago as field secretary. She will continue to be responsible for
awards and scholarships and student affairs
while assuming direction of many of the
other association programs such as reunions,
young alumni club, special events and divisions. Direct branches planning will now be
handled by Harry Franklin assisted by Carol
Kelly, who is also to be coordinator of the
new UBC Speakers Bureau, launched this
fall by the association. Alvia Stymiest will be
assisting in the coordination of reunion activities and will act as program assistant in all
general program areas.
XVhenyou're ready to set up practice,
we're ready to help.
Bank of Montreal. We've been helping
doctors and dentists longer than any other
Canadian bank. We've got plans designed to
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Operating funds, term loans and mortgages (business or personal). We can also
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We mean it when we say
Just look for the shingle.
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31 ronnuoimr
A former governor of the Vancouver Stock
Exchange and president of the alumni association, W. Thomas Brown. BA'32, (MA,
Oxford), has been elected to the board of
directors of the Bank of British Columbia
...Two brothers, both eminent in their respective fields, have retired within a short
time of one another. Ian McTaggart Cowan,
BA'32, (PhD, California), widely known for
his work in ecology, wildlife management
and conservation, has just retired as dean of
graduate studies at UBC and will resume his
career as full-time scientist. His brother,
Patrick D. McTaggart-Cowan, BA'32, (BA,
Oxford), DSc'61, stepped down in the spring
as executive director of the Science Council
of Canada. Formerly president of Simon
Fraser University and director of the department of transport's meteorological
branch, and a fellow of the American
Geophysical Union, he directed the clean up
operation of Chedabucto Bay. N .S., after 3.8
million gallons of bunker oil were spilled during the 1969 Arrow disaster.
Now able to enjoy the fruits of their labors,
four agricultural scientists have just retired
from the Summerland Research Station.
Donald V. Fisher, BSA'33, MSA'36, (PhD,
Iowa State), the station's director, is retiring
after 42 years. He is currently completing a
history of the fruit industry in North America
from 1860...John M. McArthur. BA'33,
MA'35, (PhD, Washington State), with the
station 35 years, had made valuable contributions to the study of the problem of bloat in
cattle...Cecil V.G. Morgan, BSA'38. (MSc.
McGill), a 30 year veteran of research, has
achieved international recognition for his
taxonomy of mites, and Karlis O. I.apins.
MSA'54, (PhD. Rutgers), also retiring, has
John and Flora Stokes
Someday, sooner or later, there will appear a grand design for the development
of B.C. 'snorth country. In the meantime,
John Stokes is doing everything he can to
ensure that the people of the north don't
get lost in the planning.
After a BA in zoology in 1948 and a
year of graduate work he joined the new
biological engineering branch of the federal fisheries department. "When we
started out there were seven of us. four
engineers and three biologists. Now
there's over 200. Of the original three,
one is an assistant deputy minister in Ottawa, the other the west coast director.
I'm the third. I flew the coop, fifteen
years ago, by golly."
What happened fifteen years ago? In
the early 50s Stokes and his wife. Flora
Norris Stokes, BSA'48, MSA'49, were
stationed in Prince Rupert. "It suddenly
hit me that I was sort of going through the
motions of being an Anglican," said
Stokes, "and it began bothering me."
Transferred back to Vancouver he began
night school courses in theology. Many
courses and exams later he was ordained
fifteen years ago, and received his first
parish in Fort St. John.
And what did Flora think of this change
in their life? "Oh, she knew where I was
going before 1 did."
After Fort St. John there were parishes
in Smithers and Terrace. Last year this all
changed. John Stokes was named by the
Anglican Church of Canada as liaison
officer for northwest development.
The events that prompted his appointment began in the fall of '73. The federal
and provincial governments announced
plans to spend $325 million on development studies. This was followed by the
signing of a general development agreement, promising community consultation
and involvement. But a "veil of secrecy
came down. We didn't hear a thing." The
silence worried local people, particularly
the native Indians whose land claims are
still in dispute. After the general agreement was signed the Nisgha Tribal Council passed a resolution that the land claims
should be settled before any form of development took place. (A similar resolution, sponsored by the Caledonia diocese, was approved by the Anglican
Synod.) The second part of the resolution
asked the church to appoint someone to
try and protect the interests of the people
of the area. They asked specifically for
John Stokes.
Since then it has been busy. There has
been information to gather and
disburse—"data by itself isn't much good
so I've tried to provide educational material to go with it ."people to meet—"I've
met every group and organization I could
find between Terrace and Prince George
that had any concern." Even chambers of
commerce. "They sort of interpret what
I'm doing as no growth, no development,
no progress, which is hogwash.
"We've got the resources...it's a responsibility to use them but let's develop
them gradually, not come roaring in creating a boom with the chaos that comes
with it, complete the resource extraction
and pull out again leaving more chaos.
Plan it responsibly and sanely, that is
what we are saying."
This year has been one of change for
Flora Stokes too. At first "she felt a bit
lost because we had worked together so
much in the parish ministry," said John.
She looked around and decided to do
some development work herself. The result is "Hope to Cope", a self-help group
for young, single mothers, funded by the
federal government's International Women's Yearprogram. Part of the project is
a week-long summer camp complete with
pottery, paints and quilting, a dining hall
with long tables set for the next meal,
small red bunk houses, a beautiful lake
and the occasional ray of sun. It seemed a
superb time was had by all—the swarm of
happy kids, their mothers. Flora and as
his name tag said. Big Bad John.
Those early years in Fort St. John play
a large part in the way John Stokes feels
about the future of the north. He and
Flora lived through a period of intense
regional development. The population
zoomed from 700 to 7000 in five years.
"There were problems bursting all over
the place—housing, schools, medical and
social problems, and attempted suicides.
Most of the deaths and burials I dealt with
were accidental and tragic, very few died
of old age....I've experienced that once
and I don't want to see it happen again
anywhere else. I'll fight tooth and nail to
prevent it happening here." riifc
the two of you can cruise 330 miles of British Columbia's
"Inside Passage" this autumn... and take your car with you!
This is still North America's greatest travel value
...and what better time to make it. Fall is one
of the loveliest seasons in British Columbia with
warm sunny days, and crisp evenings. From
Prince Rupert you'll want to drive into the province's heartland; visit the land of totems and
the gold rush, the great range lands at roundup
time. It's alive with wild fowl and hungry fish.
The colours are brilliant. The "Queen of Prince
Rupert" takes you and your vehicle there in style
at a price anyone can afford. Our fares haven't
changed in nine years.
^Canadian dollars. Between Kelsey Bay, Vancouver Island
and Prince Rupert. Two adults and car $90. Two-berth,
semi-deluxe cabin $20. Allow $30 for meals. Independent or
escorted tours by Bus and Ferry are available through
your travel agency. MV. "Queen of Prince Rupert" registered
in Canada, operated by the British Columbia Government,
Department of Transport and Communications, Honourable
Robert M. Strachan, Minister.
■m  Let us send you a colourful brochure and schedule.
mlA Write to:
British Columbia Ferries
Tsawwassen Terminal, Delta, British Columbia.
V4K 3M2. Canada.
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Ian McTaggart Cowan
Gilbert Cecil Gray
achieved recognition for introducing the first
commercial self-fertile sweet cherry cultivar.
Stella, rated as one of the most important
advances in sweet cherry growing...Winner
of the 1964 W.J. Gage award for the best
children's story, and writer of radio stories,
newspaper articles and book reviews.
Samuel Melville Roddan. BA'37. is retiring
from teaching senior English at New
Westminster secondary school. He has just
finished a history of the United Church in
B.C.. Batter My Heart, and hopes to continue writing... Former University of Victoria president Hugh Farquhar. BA'38.
MA'55. (PhD. Alberta), has been appointed
acting president of the University of Notre
Dame in Nelson for 1975-76...Newly appointed executive director of the Canadian
Manufacturers' Association, Roy A. Phillips.
BASc'38, was formerly vice president and
general manager, consumer electronics and
appliances. RCA Ltd...Commercial meat
and wool-producing muskox may yet roam
the North if a grass-seeding method developed by Stanley Weston. BSA'39. for
tundra-like soil conditions is adopted on a
wide scale.
Three time Leacock Award winner Eric
Nieol. BA'41. MA'48. has a new pocketbook
on the stands. The Best of Eric Nicol. .."Mr.
Europe" of the external affairs department in
Ottawa. John G.H. Halstead. BA'43, is leaving his post as deputy undersecretary of state
for a posting as ambassador to West Germany...Recently appointed director of re
gional development of the Greater Vancouver Regional District is William T. Lane.
BA'44. BCom'47. LLB'48. who formerly
chaired the BC Land Commission..."The
federal government can throw this stuff
further than anyone in Canada." commented
senator Ray Perrault. BA'47, who eventually
succumbed in the 1975 finals of the annual
world bull throwing championships at Williams Lake. Competing federal, provincial,
and municipal politicians employed genuine
hand-picked bull pies.
Vancouver public relations specialist
Ernie G. Perrault, BA'48, is the proud author
of a third novel. Spoil, and is currently working on several film projects, including a
documentary on an Eskimo settlement
ninety miles from the the magnetic North
Pole. A BC government travel film. Mirrors
to the Sun. made by Perrault and two friends,
has won the best documentary award at the
Canadian Film Festival and a gold medal in
Farbes. France for the best documentary in
the International Tourism Film Festival... A
former president of the alumni association.
Paul S. Plant. BA'49. has been elected president of North American Wholesale Lumber
Association, the third Canadian to hold the
position in 83 years...In the merger of the
Alberta departments of lands and forests and
mines and minerals into the energy and
natural resources department, formerdeputy
minister of lands and forest development
Robert Gordon Steele. BSF'49. is deputy
minister of renewable resources.
The man who produced the TV show Quest
and public affairs program Sunday, Daryl
Duke, BA'50. has been awarded a UHF licence in Vancouver. He hopes to produce
local programming free of the stigma of provincialism...Gilbert Cecil Gray, BA'50, a
partner of Peat. Marwick. Mitchell & Co..
has been elected 1975-76 president of the Institute of Chartered Accountants of
B.C...After seven years as assistant deputy
attorney general of Canada. C. Robert Munro. QC. LLB'52. has been appointed assistant vice president and chief actuary of Manufacturers Life. Toronto...A $2000 Dart
Award for academic innovation at the University of Southern California has been won
by Jack F. Lintott. BSc'53, (MBA, Western
Ontario), (PhD. Michigan), an associate professor of business administration. Under his
direction, teams of MBA students have
acted as consultants to senior management of
participating companies ...The regional agricultural representative for western Nova
Scotia since 1964. Ralph E. Morehouse.
BSA'53. MSA'68. will be fielding new responsibilities. He has been appointed administrative assistant to Nova Scotia's
minister of agriculture and marketing.
The first visiting professor of Canadian
studies at the University of Edinburgh will be
Ian Drummond. BA'54. (PhD. Yale), professor of economics at Toronto... Vancouver
Sun columnist and former Ubyssey editor
Allan Fotheringham. BA'54, has been appointed a senior editor at the Sun. Other
appointments include David Ablett. BA'65,
from Ottawa bureau chief to senior editor
and Don Stanley. BA'69. formerly a writer
for the entertainment pages, to TV columnist...On an expedition tracing Alexander
Mackenzie's voyage from the Fraser River
34 Manufacturing Ltd. and become chief executive officer...Vern J. Housez. JCom'57, a
former chair of the UBC Alumni Fund, and
vice president of Standard Brands Ltd., has
been elected as a director of the company...Now chairing all new foreign student
services at the Bechtel International Centre.
Stanford University, Norah Turnbull Bretall,
BA'57, had been teaching English as a second language to the spouses of foreign
graduate students and visiting scholars.. .Don
Jabour. BA'57, LLB'58, Kelowna alumni
branch president, has been named to head
the new provincial commission to oversee
legal aid in B.C.
Walter Hardwick
to the sea, Rudolph Haering, BA'54. MA'55,
(PhD. McGill), head of UBC's physics department, led a team of scientists this summer on a search for Indian artifacts and the
mysterious source of a scarce volcanic glass
prized by early Indians for making tools.. .As
UBC's newly appointed director of continuing education, Walter G. Hardwick, BA'54.
MA'58. (PhD, Minnesota), professor of
geography, will be trying to improve access
to UBC programs for mature students and
develop new means of delivering academic
and professional education programs off
On his first ambassadorial appointment,
Edward Graham Lee, BA'54, LLB'55, a top
external affairs lawyer, has been posted to
Israel...The Protestant Children's Village,
which has served Ottawa for more than 100
Dorothy Anne Pomeroy Autor
years, has a new executive director, Ann
Hunter Hargest, BA'55, BSW'58. Her
background includes time as a family welfare
caseworker in London. England...Dorothy
Anne Pomeroy Autor, BA'56, MSc'57,
(PhD. Duke), of the University of Iowa College of Medicine, will receive a Research
Career Development Award from the National Institute of Health to continue studying the effects of hyperoxia and other toxic
environmental factors upon the development
and function of the lung at the molecular
level. Last year she received a Basil O'Connor Starter research grant from the National
March of Dimes Foundation.
A change of scenery and change of job will
keep Burke Cole Corbet, BASc'57,
(MBA,Western Ontario), busy. He's on his
way to Edmonton to chair the board of Corod
A three-time winner of the MacMillan
Bloedel award for business journalism and
Vancouver Sun editorial page contributor Pat
Carney. BA'60, has been appointed for a
three-year term to the Economic Council of
Canada. She has also worked for the Toronto
Star. MacLean's and the New York Times
...Associate dean of arts at the University of
Manitoba, David Lawless, MA'60, (PhD,
London), has been appointed director of the
extension division. He was responsible for
initiating the Stony Mountain penitentiary
academic program in 1973 and was on the
committee which drafted the agreement for
the university's Canadian Armed Forces
program.. .The process of involving
teachers, students, parents and administrators in curriculum development will be the
task of a new Vancouver School Board divi-
Vancouver Opera
Season Sixteen
Oct. 23, 25, 30, Nov. 1 — Vancouver exclusive —
Canadian Premiere! Rossini's masterpieceSemiramide,
in Italian
Jan. 29, 31, Feb. 5,7 — Vancouver premiere —
electrifying! daring! Tchaikovsky's The Queen of
Spades, in English
March 11, 13, 18, 20 —
By popular demand —
enchanting! timeless!
Gounod's Faust, in
Apr. 22,24, 29, May 1 —
World Premiere —
glamorous! theatrical!
Franz Lehar's Merry
Widow, in English.
JOAN SUTHERLAND — the world's most beloved singer.
Tickets;   V.hk ou\
Artistic Director:
"Ik kct Centre
t h.inl Bonvnu
BJOH.imiltonSL,   V.iniouve
t' General Manager:
J.C. V6B2K*
i.in M. H.msor
A Professional Development Seminar
A month-long residential program designed fortheprofes
sional helper (social worker, physician, counsellor, etc.)
who is seeking new directions in his/her practice. A wide
variety of philosophies and techniques will be studied and
practised, including body and energy concepts.
The program will be led by practitioners who themselves
have experienced considerable professional changes:
ELLEN TALLMAN, B.A. taught for many years in
the Humanities before integrating her
academic experience into the practice of group
JOCK MCKEEN, M.D. synthesizes acupuncture
therapeutics with his practice in general
BENNET WONG, M.D., F.R.C.P. (C) is a
psychoanalytically trained psychiatrist who
has adopted the philosophy and techniques of
the human potential movement.
The seminar is from November 2-30. Fee of $1450 includes
all tuition, room and board. The setting is Cortez Island,
The Cold Mountain Institute residential centre 100 miles
north of Vancouver. Pre-registration should be made as
early as possible, and accepted applicants will be given an
advance reading list.
cold Houmm mvwe
For applications, further information and a brochure of
other programs, contact:
Granville Island Park, Vancouver, B.C. 684-5355
35 UBC Fall Program 1975.
Come Learn with us.
Programs for adults in
current concerns, history and world events, science
technology, the human habitat;
women's resources, you and your body, languages,
economics, farming and gardening, life and literature;
executive and professional programs,
university credit courses,
at times to suit you:
daytime, weekend, evening; field trips and travel
at locations throughout the city.
Life is Learning, (and it's great!)
Write or phone for your copy of the Fall Program 1975
Centre for Continuing Education,
The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5
Alumni Records
6251 N.W. Marine Drive
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1A6
Our Wee Postie
Has A
Heavy Sack...
Specially when he totes
mountains of Alumni Unknowns...
So if you're changing
your name, address or
life style ... let us know...
and put a twinkle back
in our postie's eye.
Enclose your Chronicle
mailing label. If we have
your postal code wrong,
please correct us.
(Maiden Name)	
(Please note your husband's full name. Indicate title i.e. Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Postal code Class Year.
sion headed by  Beverly D.  Buchanan,
BEd'61, MEd'70. She has just been appointed assistant superintendent, the first
woman to hold such a position in a B.C.
school district.. .John H. Eliot, BCom'61, has
been elected to chair the Pacific district of the
Investment Dealers' Association of Canada.
Carol Miller Teather, BSc'61, received her
law degree at the University of Puget Sound
last spring. It was the first full class to
graduate from UPS law school... As winner
of a Fulbright-Hays award from the Council
for International Exchange of Scholars and
the Franco-American Commission for Educational Exchange, Robert L. Felix, MA'62,
will be visiting lecturer on American private
international law at the University of
Clermont-Ferrand...Harry W. Johnson,
BCom'62, has been appointed manager,
small motors, of the industrial apparatus department of CGE in Peterborough,
Ont...The newly created position of associate vice president (academic) of Simon
Fraser University will be filled by Daniel R.
Birch, BA'63, MA'68, (PhD, California),
dean of education since 1972 and presently
chair of the Joint Boardof Teacher Education
for B.C.
Joseph E.Gervay, MSc'63, PhD'65, has
been promoted to senior chemist at the Du
Pont Co. photo products department in the
research lab in New Jersey...Our counsellor
in the Canadian Embassy in Washington,
Jack Kepper, BCom'63, is now on his way to
Peking to be counsellor there...When he becomes associate dean for administrative affairs and assistant professor of arts administration at the University of Cincinnati
College-Conservatory of Music this fall,
David T. McKee, BA'64, will be in charge of
all aspects of a new MA degree program in
arts adminstration. He is currently director
of arts administration at York University... After eight years of travelling with the
Ottawa based contracting firm of Geoterrex,
Rolf N. Pedersen, BSc'64, is now hanging his
cap in Sydney, Australia for a time as manager of the company's airborne division
Remember George W. Hungerford,
BA'65, LLB'68, and Roger C. Jackson,
MPE'67, who won one of Canada's few
Olympic gold medals in Tokyo in 1964? The
former is now a partner in a Vancouver law
firm, and the latter works for the federal government directing the preparation of athletes
and coaches for international competition... Returning to the University of New
Brunswick after a sabbatical as a visiting
scholar at Western Michigan University,
Fred C. Rankine, BEd'65, MA'66, EdD'68,
has assumed the chair of the fifth year and
graduate division of the faculty of education.
His wife, Daryl Muir Rankine, BHE'53, has
just received her MA in home economics
from Western Michigan University...Researching methods of teaching English to
post-secondary students in technical school,
Eunice MacRae Stronach, MA'65, (BA,
BEd, Alberta), will be spending a year at
Garnett College, University of London.
The first judge of Chinese extraction ever
appointed in Canada, Randall "Buddy"
Wong, BCom'65, LLB'66, was sworn in in
Vancouver this year. Also one of the
youngest appointees in Canada, he was
working for the federal department of justice
in Vancouver and previous to that was crown
attorney for the Yukon Territory...Robert
Dunn, MA'67, (PhD, Oxford), is leaving his
Tuan T. Nguyen
job as head of English literature, faculty of
letters, Laval, to become visiting associate
professor of English at Toronto...Recently
sworn in as deputy city attorney in Los
Angeles, Lorna Gail Gordon, BEd'67, (LLB,
S. California), will tackle duties as a prosecutor in the criminal branch...Marilyn Edwards Leese, BEd'67, MA'69, who will be
conducting a seminar on early Buddhist art
and architecture this winter, has just returned from three years in India under the
auspices of the Smithsonian Institute and the
Canada Council, where she and her husband
gathered extensive archival material in the
cave temples of Western India... Alberta
Energy Co. has appointed Adrian A.Phillips,
LLB'67, as counsel and secretary.
Tuan T. Nguyen, BSc'70, has graduated with
a medical degree from the University of
Nebraska...Walter G. Rilkolf, (LLB, York),
BA'70, is articling with the Vancouver law
firm Russel, Dumoulin and Co. this fall...
The woman behind the set of Jack Winter's
Summer'76, produced by Toronto Workshop
Productions, is designer Astrid Janson,
M A'72. She also designed sets for its productions of Ten Lost Years, From the Boyne to
Batoche, and You Can't Get There From
Here...Having completed his post-graduate
training in New Zealand. Robert John Calder, BSc'70, MD'73, has joined the staff of
Osoyoos Health Cantre... Victoria lawyer G.
Douglas Strongitharm, LLB'73,has been appointed executive assistant to B.C. opposition leader William Bennett.
B.C. Indians' spokesman Bill Wilson,
LLB'73, in rejecting any future federal funding, said that though the federal government
had spent $10 million on B.C. Indian affairs
the last 70 years, Indians have nevertheless
fallen behind the general economic level of
other Canadians...Ada Con, BA'72,
MLS'74, has recently joined the reference
staff at the Fraser Valley Regional Library
headquarters in Abbotsford... Whalley, too,
is hiring a new reference librarian, Paul Gutteridge, MLS'75, who will also be responsible for branches at Guildford, George
Mackie, Newton, White Rock and Ocean
Park... One of only nine Canadians to be
awarded a Canadian-People's Republic of
China exchange scholarship, Edward Lip-
man, BA'75, will study advanced Mandarin
for two years at the University of Peking.
Couttes-Hughes. Gary Couttes to Gai
Hughes, BRE'72, August 9, 1975 in
Vancouver...Hon-Leong. Dennis N. Hon,
BSc'72, to Verna G. Leong, August 2, 1975
in Vancouver...Nordman-Schierman. Brian
A. Nordman, BSF'71, to Lynn M. Schier-
man, BHE'72, April 12, 1975 in New
Westminster...Warnyca-Clark. Dymetry
Warnyca to Jennifer Johnston Clark,
BSN'69, July 12, 1975 in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Stephen M. Brown, BA'66, a
daughter, Megan Kathleen, April 11, 1975 in
Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. John A. Ec-
kersley, BSc'65, LLB'70, (Debbie K.B.
Tjoei, BSc'73), a daughter, Rica May, June
8, 1975 in Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. Robert
Felix, MA'62, (Judy Grossman, BA'62), a
son, Conan Peter, March 10, 1975 in Columbia, South Carolina...Mr. and Mrs. Roderick
D. Fitzpatrick, BA'74, (Constance P. Frank,
BMus'69, BLS'70), twin sons, Gary Alan
and Jeffrey Paul, March 27, 1975 in Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. David Grahame,
BA'69, (Helen Muratoff, BA'68, BLS'69), a
son, Kenneth Andrew, July 17, 1975 in Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. Barry G. McDell,
BA'65, MEd'73, (June P. Chappell,
BEd'69), a son, Malcolm James, February 8,
1975 in New Westminster...Mr. and Mrs.
Aaron Harvey Rosenthal, BA'71, a daughter,
Talia Ilanit, May 12, 1975 in North Vancouver...Mr. and Mrs. R. Bernie Treasurer,
BCom'58, a son, Cameron Roy, June 14,
1975 in Burnaby...Mr. and Mrs. David J. Urquhart, BSc'67, (Nadine Parr, PhD'73), a
daughter, Taren Patrice, May 9, 1975 in
North Vancouver.
Charles Burton Dunham, BASc'31, June,
1975. He was employed as a forest engineer
and logging manager with Bloedel, Stewart
and Welch Ltd. and MacMillan Bloedel Ltd.,
and as vice president, forest operations with
Canadian Cellulose Co. He was an honorary
life member of the Canadian Institute of
Forestry. He is survived by his wife, a
daughter, Allison M. Dunham Hobson,
BA'62, (MS, Illinois), and two sons,
Charles, BA'59, MA'63 and Gordon,
Jeannine Amber Robson, BEd'71, May,
1975. She was a member of the sorority,
Kappa Alpha Theta. She is survived by her
Maria E. Steinhauser, MSW'73, June,
1975 in New Westminster. She was a social
worker at the B.C. Penitentiary and died
while being held hostage during an attempted
prison break. She is survived by her parents
and sister.
Gail Richardson Woike, BHE'64, July,
1975 in Duncan. She was a retired home
economics teacher in Duncan. She is survived by her husband and three sons. D
"A Showcase of Bright
Vancouver Sun, 1973
A subscription series
of music recitals
by selected UBC
students is being
presented by the UBC
Alumni Association.
The four evening
concerts, Oct. 9, 23,
Nov. 6, 20, will feature a
variety of selections —
vocal and instrumental.
Subscription series
tickets of $6, for all four
concerts, assures a
reserved seat.
Call or write the Alumni
Office, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive,
Vancouver V6T1A6
(228-3313) for tickets or
further information.
Early reservations are
All concerts will be held
in the Recital Hall,
Music Building at UBC.
Convenient parking
An Honorary Member Replies
1 was sorry that I was not able to say "thank
you" publicly to members of the UBC
Alumni Association attending the annual
dinner in May. May I,therefore.use some
space in the Chronicle to express my sincere
appreciation of the honor which the committee and executive of the association bestowed on me? It is indeed satisfying to know
that my work with geography and education
students over the many years is appreciated.
Although I am now an honorary life
member.I have always considered myself an
"honorary" member of the class of Arts '40.
I had the good fortune to attend UBC on an
exchange scholarship in my third year, in
1938-39, and spent one year with the class of
'40. Everyone — students, faculty, administration — was especially kind to the five exchange students that year and,therefore, I
had such pleasant memories of UBC as a
university that I had no hesitation at all in
accepting President MacKenzie's invitation
in 1946 to come here to develop geography
courses in the department of geology.
Students of that year may remember me
for two things: I was the UBC sprint champion that spring, but more likely they will remember the weekly column of humor,
"Poems and Stuff", that I wrote for the
Ubyssey — but my wit was always surpassed
by another columnist of that year. Jabez — to
be known later as Eric Nicol!
J. Lewis Robinson
Professor of Geography. UBC
A New Generation of Huts
As an expatriate and a rather infrequent visitor to the campus I have been pleased to see.
over the years, the progress that has been
made in removing the old huts from the university grounds. These old buildings though
serving an urgent need at the time were indeed a blot on the landscape and their gradual
elimination is, I am sure, a source of satisfaction to all concerned.
Now, if I read Clive Cocking correctly
(Chronicle. Summer '75), we are about to
have a new generation of pre-fabs unloaded
on the university with one of the major justifications being that it makes people feel
good to design and build their own accommodation. This of course is nothing new and
I suspect that primitive man felt that way
about his first cave, but he didn't squander a
half-million bucks on it and desecrate the
environment with prefab plywood panels. I
submit that the U BC campus is not the place
to indulge such primitive satisfactions and
suggest the proponents of this scheme be
encouraged to take their matchboxes
elsewhere to the accompaniment of loud
cries of "Better artsy-fartsy than happy-
It is possible of course that through some
singular bureaucratic foul-up the CMH Corporation may approve this project and then
there will be little any of us can do about it.
However, if this does come to pass I hope
they build these Fairview shacks MK3 as
close to the edge of the cliff as possible.
Then, as the effluent from their baths and
bidets supersaturates the soil the whole thing
will take off some rainy February night and
sink slowly, electric toilets and all, beneath
the waters of the bay. Come to think of it,
Dave Brock is probably the only one alive
who remembers the Great UBC Ravine of
the early 30s.
James A. Wallace  BASc '41. MASc '42
Surrey. England
Sir Thomas Crapper
Would Be So Pleased
I recently read an article entitled "Changing
House from Noun to Verb". (Chronicle,
Summer'75), in which was mentioned the use
of a waterless toilet that uses electricity and
bacteria to decompose wastes. I would like
to obtain more information about this system
and would be grateful if you could suggest
where 1 should write for details.
J.D. Owens, Biological Sciences
University of Malaysia
The Chronicle, ever responsive to reader's
requests-and there have been several regarding this pollution solution-is happy to
oblige: For more information on the humus
toilet contact Humumat Ltd., 9403-l20th
Street. Delta. Canada, V4C 2P3 -Ed. D
Deposits in multiples of $50.00
SPECIAL INCOME TAX FEATURES: Under present regulations, earnings in Futura
50 are not reportable for income tax until maturity. There is also another tax advantage
if you use Futura 50 for your children's education fund.
BENEFITS FROM COMPOUND INTEREST: Futura 50 is particularly designed for
regular deposits of smaller amounts over a longer term — after five years the compound interest feature becomes increasingly beneficial, e.g.
$1,000 Futura 50 compounding 8%% interest annually —
Interest paid after 5 years     -      $503.00        Interest paid after 10 years   -    $1,261.00
$50.00 a month returns $75.00 a month in 5 years — $113.00 a month in 10 years
Futura 50 is ideal tor supplementing pension plans, accumulating education funds, etc.
Tna Provincial Shara and Oapoatt
Guaranla* Fund
prolecls the shares and deposits O' all
Offices in Vancouver, West Vancouver and North Burnaby
Hours of business 9 a.m.- 5 p.m. — Fri.9 a.m.- 6 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m.- 1 p.m. Closed Monday
38 For the autumn of a lifetime...
These pictures are just a sample of what is waiting for you in British Columbia.
1. Fort Steele, once a gold rush boom town, growing old gracefully in the East
Kootenays. 2. Downtown Vancouver as it looks from Kitsilano Beach (great fish
and chips at the beach). 3. A fast fleet of ferries links the British Columbia
mainland to Vancouver Island and the Gulf Islands. 4. One of the intriguing
shops to be found throughout the Province—browse for treasures till teatime.
For a lot more information write: British Columbia Department of Travel
Industry, 1019 Wharf Street, Victoria, British Columbia V8W 2Z2. Or call
your local travel agent.
there's no place like home. It's kind of nice to
stand out.
Which is what Carrington Canadian does. But for many
more good reasons than merely the look of the bottle.
Carrington is distilled in small batches, aged and
mellowed in seasoned oak casks; it's light in look and
smooth in taste. Carrington, it's special, and, in our
opinion, like no other whisky in the world.
A whisky of outstanding quality.


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