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UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle [1971-08]

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VOLUME 25, NO. 3, AUGUST 1971
This issue is devoted to examining the
direction UBC is heading today. Due
to its length, regular sections on Books
and Spotlight have been held over until
next issue. Our apologies to devoted
fans of those sections.
Frank Walden
Alex Volkoff
Viveca Ohm
Keith Bradbury
Alex Volkoff
How Williams Lake Sees UBC       Keith Bradbury
W. C. Gibson
EDITOR   Clive Cocking, BA'62
COVER    Annette Breukelman
Alumni Media Ltd.
Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51, chairman, Frank C.
Walden, BA'49, past chairman, Mrs. Frederick
Field, BA'42, Kirsten Emmott, Med 4, Dr. Joseph
Katz, BA, MEd (Man), PhD (Chicago), Philip Keatley, BA'51, Trevor Lautens, BA (McMaster), David
Mole. BA (Cambridge), Grad Studies 5, Jack K.
Stathers, BA'55, MA'58, Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
MA'48, PhD (Washington).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University
of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C.    (604-228-3313).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle Is sent to all alumni
of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year, students $1 a year.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
Age of Gage
On Thursday, September 23, at
Cecil Green Park, the UBC Alumni
Association will hold an informal
reception and chicken barbeque to
honor President Gage for his
contribution to UBC.
Alumni, faculty and students are
all invited . . . After all, in one way
or another we are all part of the
Age of Gage.
Admission to the reception is free . . .
no-host bar . . . chicken barbeque
tickets ($2/person) available through
the alumni office . . .
Early reservations are advised
Please send me   free tickets to the
Age of Gage Reception.
Please send me   chicken barbeque
tickets at  $2  each.  Enclosed  is  a  cheque  for
Mail to: Alumni Association, 6251   N.W.  Marine
Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. Savings Deposit Services
Term Investment Certificates
Estate Planning and Administration
Mortgage Administration
Yorkshire Growth Fund
Yorkshire Personal Loans —
as agent for a Canadian Chartered Bank
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Investment Management Services
Pension Fund Administration
Real Estate Sales and Administration
900 W. PENDER STREET - VANCOUVER 1. B.C., 685-3711 TITThat factors are working for
" change at the University of
British Columbia? How effective are
the senate, the board of governors,
the faculty or the students in directing or effecting change? This issue
of the Chronicle, in a special series
of articles, examines the extremely
complex institution that is UBC.
This examination has been undertaken with a view to stimulating
discussion about the direction in
which UBC is currently heading.
The articles in this issue do not
represent the official views or policy of the alumni association. Each
article represents the interpretation
of the writer under whose byline
it appears. We hope that alumni,
faculty, and students will feel free
to contribute to this discussion—to
debate, challenge, agree with or add
to points made in this series—in
letters to the editor to be printed
in the following issue.
Change—and often rapid change
—is a fact of life in society today.
It applies to all organizations and
institutions, including the University
and the UBC Alumni Association.
How change should be handled and
directed is the major problem facing
the Board of Management of your
association this year.
The alumni association has been
a vigorous organization over the
years. It has as its members all those
who graduate from UBC; membership is automatic. The governing
body is the board of management
which consists of an executive, eight
members-at-large, and representatives of all undergraduate degrees,
the faculty and student councils.
Basically, the alumni association
acts as a support group for the university in the community. Its first
objective is to instil in all graduates
a feeling of loyalty to the University
and a sense of responsibility for the
continuation of the educational
work of the University and for service to the public. This objective has
been met by thousands of graduates
who serve on alumni or university
committees, or who contribute annually through the UBC Alumni
This "feeling of loyalty" is instilled by means of a variety of alumni
programs. The Chronicle, for instance, keeps graduates posted regularly on UBC affairs. Contact with
special interest groups within the
association    body    is    maintained
through participation in the Young
Alumni Club, annual reunions,
student-alumni activities, alumni
branch meetings and gatherings,
division activities, and the annual
meeting. Through these activities
and by having alumni serve on senate and committees established by
the University, the association supports the work of the University
and education in general, its second
The forces of change, however,
are nudging the association into consideration of a more active "public"
role. The other stated objectives
allow the association to influence
public opinion regarding the needs
and benefits of UBC and education
in general, and to consider and
"take action" on questions affecting UBC, education in British Columbia, or graduates of UBC. These
two objectives have never been
fully attained.
A More
Public Role
Should the board of management
and the association executive take
a leadership role in controversial and
important matters, and lobby for
change? Or should they hang back
waiting for direction from the graduates themselves, most of whom lose
contact with UBC and higher education when their diplomas are
We are attempting to resolve this
problem in a survey of graduate
opinion which is now underway.
About 5,000 alumni will receive
questionnaires in September which
will seek their opinion on this, and
other issues. On the basis of the
survey and other information the
board of management will decide
how active its role will be in support of UBC and higher education
in general in the face of widespread
and conflicting demands for change.
Frank C. Walden, BA'49, president
of the UBC Alumni Association
for 1971-72. '^%^^ -'^l^fK^S^,
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'   t JM
JH Jf    ^  V   _ TODAY MORE THAN EVER before
students and administrators alike
are crying out about overcrowding
at the university. And they have a
point. In the last five years the number of students on campus has risen
from 16,500 to 22,000. Now everyone knows overcrowding—be it
blacks in a ghetto or rats in a sociology lab—produces discontent and
unrest. Not so at UBC. Ironically,
as the student population grows, so
too does student apathy.
Three years ago when Dave Zirn-
helt was president of the Alma
Mater Society the council issued a
lengthy ultimatum stating seven
areas where negotiation between
students and the administration had
to be initiated. These included academic appointments, financing of
education and the "relations between
teaching and research, the whole
package coming with a string of
deadlines. Few, if any, were met
that year, but there was no doubt
the campus was an exciting place
to be. The year 1968 heralded the
opening of the Student Union Building, felt Jerry Rubin march across
the campus leading a sizeable number of students to occupy the
Faculty Club and witnessed 5,000
students, or one-quarter of the student population, gather in front of
the Buchanan building to discuss
the sense or nonsense of that sit-in.
In comparison, this past year has
been cool and calm. Probably the
Gone now are those heady scenes of
student activism like this one from
1968 when 5,000 students gathered
in front of the Buchanan building to
discuss the sense or nonsense of the
Jerry Rubin-inspired sit-in at the
Faculty Club.
most exciting thing that happened
all year was the Jericho aftermath
when 100 transients turned up to
sleep on the floor of SUB. Even
then students did not really get involved. Where did all the energy
and enthusiasm go?
Or perhaps one should ask, did it
ever really exist, as we were led to
Time and again student radicals
have tried to precipitate a crisis on
campus. The Faculty Club sit-in was
almost successful and failed in the
end only because the moderates remained moderate. That same year
the local RCMP were called on
campus twice—not by the president's office but by radical students
hoping to kick up a backlash.
Luckily for the campus, cool heads
in the administration and the prudence of the RCMP who double-
checked with the president's office
stopped the action before it got
A special section entitled "The
Cooling of America" in TIME
magazine earlier this year claimed
that for today's students, "Looking
for a job takes precedence over
looking for trouble." Students are
more worried about the job situation this year than they have been
for many years, and while TIME
may have correctly assessed the
American situation, its supplement
has missed the point when it comes
to institutions like UBC.
Near the end of Zirnhelt's stint as
AMS president two commerce professors, Dr. Vance Mitchell and Dr.
Larry Moore, undertook a survey
on student attitudes and opinions.
They found that even during the
years the campus seemed to be at
its liveliest the majority of students
were definitely not interested in a
rapid   or   revolutionary   overthrow
of the present system. Instead, the
survey shows, only 39 per cent of
the students considered bringing
about change important at all. They
were much more interested in vocational pursuits, cultural and artistic
interests and humanitarian ideals,
seeing themselves as the agents of
only gradual change.
Dr. Mitchell concludes that far
from being the rabid rebels downtown merchants fear, students are
close to what the public would like
to see. The blame for this distorted
image obviously lies with the media
which not surprisingly gives its coverage to the student on the soapbox
and not the one in the classroom.
In the long run, then, student activity is judged on the personalities
of their spokesmen, not on the actual temperature of the campus. In
1968 when Zirnhelt was president
and Carey Linde and Ruth Dworkin
sat on council the Vancouver Sun
heralded the 3,000-word manifesto
with the headline—"Student Revolution: UBC The Next Flashpoint."
Then came two years with the
Hodge brothers—Fraser and Tony
—leading the student council and
nothing more was heard about revolution.
This year a new development has
come up—the "Human Government"—and it is anybody's guess
what will happen. To begin with,
there is no doubting the brilliance
of some members of the Human
Government slate who now occupy
AMS positions. On the other hand,
there is some doubt as to their sincerity. During the campaign, one
of their major platforms was bringing student government closer to
the students and to do this they said
they were going to govern from a
big room off the main lobby in SUB.
Well, it appears the need for privacy
Further Notice
Alex Volkoff ^PW
Apathy has reared its ugly head
again as students turn their backs on
participation in university affairs.
intervened in all their good plans
and students can now find their
elected representatives where they
have always been—in the northwest
corner offices on the second floor
of SUB.
But, come to think of it, what
part does the AMS play in the
students' lives anyway? I did a
simple survey of students during
final exams, not long after the AMS
elections were held and found 81.3
per cent of the students polled did
not know the name of either their
past year's faculty rep or the newly
elected one.
For many long years The Ubyssey
has been denouncing the AMS as
"irrelevant." Despite the triteness of
the word it is an apt description
these days. Connie Bysouth, last
year's education rep on the AMS,
says she had a hard time reconciling
her involvement in the AMS with
her involvement in the education
faculty. "It's very hard for the AMS
to have any unified purpose at all,"
she says. "I was working on two
AMS committees last year—course
evaluation and high school visitation. Both were left in mid-air because there was no support from
the AMS. They were more concerned with giving money to certain
groups in town than they were with
the standards of education on campus. On high school visitation the
enthusiasm from ordinary students
was great—they really wanted to do
it—but the money wasn't always
there from the AMS."
Course evaluation—you would
think it is of prime concern to a
student during his education. The
AMS, however, lost interest before
it got beyond the pilot project stage.
But the AMS will never admit
having only paper power. Judge Les
Bewley, newest member of the board
of governors, puts it this way: "Students remind me so often of Snoopy
sitting with his flying helmet on top
of his doghouse pretending he is a
World War I flying ace. He's not
really flying nor capable of it yet,
but it makes him feel powerful that
he's going through the motions of
pulling levers and running world
affairs. It's an interesting exercise
and no doubt excellent for the ego
—Lord knows I'm not saying they
can't do it—but it seems a bit of a
waste of time for many of them."
Paul Tennant, a young political
science    professor,    well-liked    by
many of his students, agrees. He believes the AMS is in no position to
really accomplish anything, mainly
because the representatives are not
in touch with the students. "The
present official AMS leaders will
probably provoke symbolic notions
of change but they have neither the
power nor the support to actually
accomplish change," he says. "So
really the leaders of the AMS are in
the same position as leaders of city
council. Their skill comes in making it appear they do have power
which means they use sensationalism
and try to exploit the media."
But if the AMS is no longer sincerely concerned with educational
reform, the campus has students who
definitely are. These are the students working within the system in
faculty committees. Unfortunately
not all faculty unions and societies
are successful. When Stan Persky
joined the arts council in 1967 the
whole faculty experienced a regeneration. He spoke out for artsmen
in general, brought together students
from 29 separate departments and
put out the first arts anti-calendar.
Since then the arts council seems
to exist merely for the sake of
existing and students have once
again sunk to departmental loyalties,
as far away as ever from having any
say in the direction of their education.
It is the professional faculties that
have had the most success in involving students in the decisionmaking process and in taking the
first steps on the road to reform.
For example, the education faculty
has had student representatives on
almost every major committee for
the last three years.
"In the fall of 1968 five faculty
members and five students formed
the Committee on Student Involvement (COSI)," says Dr. John Dennison, associate professor of education. "In January, 1969 they handed
down their report which said students should take part at all levels
starting with the full faculty council. Now they have 15 reps there,
plus eight reps in the different divisions (elementary, secondary) and
two reps in each of the 25 separate
Kerry Bysouth, internal affairs
officer on the education council for
two years and next year's education
president, had the job of filling these
positions.  "We  filled  about  three- Henry Hudson
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"The present official AMS
leaders will probably provoke symbolic notions of
change but they have
neither the power nor the
support to actually
accomplish change."
quarters of the committees, but had
a hard time because students didn't
want to make the commitment. But
those who did go in got a lot out of
the committees. They felt they were
really doing something, really taking part in the decisions that were
being made. And that was the whole
purpose. We didn't expect them to
be great authorities on what they
were doing, but if a student opinion
was needed, it was there, and the
faculty didn't have to second-guess
what students wanted."
More recently the education
faculty has created a mini-parliament called the student assembly.
This is made up of representatives
from the 120 seminars which cover
almost all the students in the
faculty. Every Monday between 50
and 70 turn up for a lively rap session. And just as students have representation on the faculty committees, four faculty members are
elected to sit on the student
"Now the students are very much
accepted by our faculty members in
the making of decisions," says By-
south. "The only thing that is holding us back is that students don't
want to get involved."
The fact that he has never been
able to fill all the student positions
in the faculty committees is symptomatic of what is happening on a
much larger scale all across the
country. In Carleton University
students campaigned for more representation in the departments and
finally over the last few years created
131 positions for themselves. In the
recent elections there, nomination
papers were filed for only 33 positions, of which five were contested.
At UBC the picture is the same.
For the past five years students have
been crying out for representation
on senate. Bit by bit the numbers
increased and now students have 12
positions out of a total 101. In the
October 1970 election only 2,220
students voted for three members-
at-large, and 571 voted for the
Faculty of Arts rep. Applied Science,
Graduate Studies and Education
reps all got in by acclamation. In
another few years we may not be
able to find students willing to fill
the posts at all.
The reasons for this are simple.
To begin with it's a question of
numbers. There are more students
at UBC than there are people in
the capital of Prince Edward Island.
The area should be treated like a
city and instead it is being treated
like a glorified high school. There
are so many people enrolled in English they don't even know what their
counterparts in the French department are doing much less the students in agriculture. They just have
no common interests to sustain
them, never mind the fact it takes
almost half an hour to walk between their study areas.
And it almost goes without saying that students have little to gripe
about. Activists have had quite a
time manufacturing issues around
which students will rally. UBC's
system is just too flexible and perhaps too incomprehensible for students to make much of a dent anywhere.
But most important is the question of time. "Students should be
full-time students," says Tennant.
"So often I see students rationalizing their own failure as academics
through activism. Until it is proven
otherwise I assume that a student
activist is not interested in intellectual pursuits."
It's as simple as that. There is
always a lot of reading or research
to do, essays or lab results to write
up. It takes a lot of energy for a
student to trudge through Vancouver rain to a meeting he doesn't
have to attend. He has just finished
a full day of lectures and the last
thing he wants to do is listen to another speaker. He may even want to
see some real change take place at
the university. But in the end he'll
always leave the work of getting
change for somebody else. □
Miss Alex Volkoff, BA'71, a former
part-time Vancouver Sun reporter,
recently moved to Ottawa where she
plans to take up journalism full-time.
10 UBC's 'Radical'
Student Government
Only The Slogan
Is New
Plus ca change; plus c'est la
meme chose.
For the past five months all the
talk at the university has been
centred on one thing—the Human
Government. Some speak of it in
terms appropriate to the Second
Coming. Others express anxiety
about what the new regime will
bring. No one can really know
what the final impact of this new
AMS council will be on the university but I think people might
be well advised to remember the
old   French  proverb   above.
Looking on the radical side to
begin with, the human government is the first group in recent
years to enter the AMS elections
as a slate. Oh sure, people knew
what side of the fence candidates
like Stan Persky and Fraser Hodge
were on, but more often students
were   faced   with   a   ballot   which
Mark Kaarremaa
Alex Volkoff
didn't have a single familiar name
on it. Voting became arbitrary
and a mere gesture. But the human
government presented a solidarity
and unity that dazzled the constituency, never mind what their platform was. In two days they plastered the campus with blocks of
posters and won the day with a
blitzkrieg publicity campaign.
Added to this were issues no one
could argue with—more Canadian
course content, the democratization
of the university and the end of
student unemployment. Perhaps the
most radical aspect of the human
government they presented to the
voters was the length of their hair.
Perhaps it is more illuminating
to look at the other side of the
coin and see how little different
the human government is from any
other student council. "I didn't
run so I could sit in this office and
get important phone calls from important people," says president
Steve Garrod. But that's what he
seems to be doing. It's amazing
how musical telephones and carpeted floors can subvert the best of
The most striking example of
what the campus might be in for
next year is the relationship between the new council and The
Ubyssey. Traditionally the student
paper has always opposed the student government and has put all
its energies behind ridiculing, exposing and knifing council members.
The basis for this has been that the
student journalists were always to
the left of student politicians and
Student government executive includes (left to right): Evert Hoogers,
Sue Kennedy, Colin Portnuff,
Carole Buzas, Dave Mole, president
Steve Garrod, and Jan O'Brien. this made for a good line of attack.
This year the council is, if anything, more left than Ubyssey staffers and the paper is bereft of its
traditional form of battle.
The curious part is that the paper campaigned long and hard to
get the human government slate
into office. Now that they have
succeeded, what have they got left
to fight for? Well, presumably the
two should work together to promote the ideals of both bodies and
for once present a unified face to
the outside world. Herein lies the
problem. Very early in the summer the human government started
laying down exactly which line The
Ubyssey is to follow this coming
year. Staffers went along so far,
but before long started saying, now
just a minute! and wondering just
what kind of monster they had
helped give birth to. The Ubyssey
refused to be told by anyone what
they should be printing and the
human government couldn't understand the sudden reversal in opinion. "But we're all friends and think
along the same lines," was the hurt
response. "We're just trying to help
you out by showing you what to
think," was the implication Ubyssey
staffers heard. Their simple retort
was: "The human government is
becoming much more dictatorial
than any liberal AMS council ever
In the same way, for all their
talk about working for, and getting
close to the people, the human
government is not about to let the
people know about their program
until they are good and ready. During one interview I had with two of
the human government "heavies",
the pair talked around issues and
never once strayed from a hackneyed radical Une for two hours.
Finally they had to admit their generalizations and evasions were quite
on purpose. To begin with they
didn't want to let out any surprises
before the time was ripe. But more
important they admitted that general membership in the caucus did
not appreciate statements on policy
being given out by heavies on the
executive all the time when they
had a hand in the decisions too.
Now we can only wait and see
what happens. At best the human
government will carry out a successful program and unite the ener
gies of students to develop a critical
university. At worst people on
campus will over-react to what the
human government is trying to do
and lay the foundations for battle
lines. But most likely UBC will progress at the same speed it always
has—neither faster nor slower.
Garrod says now that he is elected
students come up to him on campus
and ask him what he's going to do
for the university. "As president of
the AMS I can give interviews, talk
on the phones, but / can't do anything. So I turn to them and say,
well, what are you going to do, or
what are we going to do. It's only
all of us together who are going to
do anything."
He's quite right. The problem is
he'll have to wait forever before the
students take an active interest.
Right now the human government
elected representatives are surrounded by people who think the
same way they do and it is very
easy for them to delude themselves into thinking they have a
wider base of support than they
really have. But then and again,
that's what every AMS council
does. □
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12 Faculty
Long Locks
Do Not
A Radical Make
Viveca Ohm
for the new breed of faculty
—the firebrands that would logically
go with the much-analyzed new
breed of students? Well, you could
leaf through a few TIME magazines
from the late sixties, you could
check out the bigger universities in
the States and scout around up the
mountain in Burnaby. But as for
'UBC, you would have come to the
wrong place.
Surprised? After all, the public
and the media seem to find young
faculty members by the score taking political stands, being noisily
dismissed, waving petitions and
SPEC placards. All the while, of
course, arousing still more suspicion
by looking like their students! Do
they not constitute a radical
And for the students who find
themselves, after feeling like punch-
cards in a maze of offices and classrooms, sitting around a table with
some near-peer in a paint-splashed
shirt who begins by saying it's not
his wish to lay his trip on them—
is not that a welcome indication
that the faculty are no longer the
remote and stodgy reactionaries
they are expected to be?
And yet, long locks do not a
radical make. New breed? Afraid
not. More like a few mutations
shouting above the polite click of a
thousand expensive ball-point pens.
A bit of a disappointment for
someone who has been looking at
the faculty through outside eyes.
How much more exciting is the
vision of an army of idealistic
young assistant professors sweeping
aside the old order. Wandering with
a small group of debaters around a
flower-studded campus, a combination of Socrates and Donovan.
Drinking beer on the carpets of
converted classrooms, making a
22,000-strong multiversity a downright cozy place to be.
Barely a glimmer thereof. But at
least the archetypal faculty member
poring over his research behind
closed doors while his neglected
students pore over dead lecture
notes is almost—if not quite—as
misleading, for the faculty is moving, at its own pace. Which may
be described as one of academic
dignity, or reactionary snail-tempo,
depending on where you stand.
UBC's sedateness compared to institutions like Simon Fraser, is
partly due to the greater number
of senior and conservative faculty
who provide a buffer against upheavals. But in almost every department at present, committees
are examining teaching improvement and curriculum reform.
Among the few generalizations
that can be made about the UBC
faculty, it's safe to say that it has
grown both larger and younger.
Ten years ago, the number of full-
time faculty members was 699. That
included everyone from lecturer to
dean. Today that figure has jumped
to 1,539. And since the student
population in the same period has
not increased at the same rate (it
has barely doubled) the allocation
of faculty to students is slightly
more generous.
Larger means younger. The influx
of recent graduates has lowered the
average age to somewhere in the
early 40's.
Are the incoming faculty members any better prepared or better
educated than they would have been
30 years ago? Yes, say most of the
department heads. It is the currently
glutted job market that is responsible for the improvement in quality.
Because they are flooded with applications,   deans   and   department
13 "Teaching is
a sadly neglected
on this campus."
heads can afford to be much more
choosy in getting top-notch people.
A blunter explanation claims that
top scholars who otherwise would
have ensconced themselves in prestige universities in the east or in the
States are "having to settle for
UBC." In any case, the academic
tone of UBC has apparently been
And slowly, hopefully—Cana-
dianized. When qualified people
abound, the university can afford to
pay more attention to the touchy
question of whether they are imports or home-grown. "All things
being equal, we hire Canadians,"
almost every department claims. But
they lay great stress on the "all
things being equal."
But regardless of age, nationality,
or discipline, there is greater pressure on faculty members than ever
before. Pressure from students who
insist on better communication, pressure of swelling competition on a
shrinking job market, pressure to
publish, to obtain tenure, and, having got tenure, pressure to fulfill
the triple role of teacher, scholar,
and server on committees, the latter
involving a continual web of memos
and reports to be written.
The faculty over the years has
also acquired increased power in
the running of the university. But,
according to Assistant Dean of
Arts, Dr. Donald Soule, most faculty
members are unaware of this power.
And possibly indifferent to it.
Why, for example, do only 100
faculty out of a membership of
around 1,300 attend faculty association meetings? The majority are
apparently not interested unless the
agenda touches on issues that concern them personally or significantly
affect their department.
The faculty association, which
is open to every full-time instructor
at   the   university,   handles   such
matters as salary and individual
grievances. With 100 per cent support it could 'also be a tremendously
powerful force at the forefront of
university grievances—or reform. At
present it seems, faculty feel they
can exert more power and influence
through their department and faculty
committee structures.
But even such a tradition-tilting
movement as the abolition of rank
drew only the usual tiny quorum in
a faculty association meeting, which
passed the motion 54-31. The final
decision is up to UBC's board of
There is clearly a greater loyalty
and commitment to one's own discipline than to the institution as a
whole. That is no doubt natural in
a university this size; maybe it is the
only way to cope with its enormity.
But what happens to the "community of scholars" when a professor works, eats, and plays golf only
with members of his own department?
Classics head Dr. Malcolm McGregor who "couldn't be persuaded
to leave here for money", insists
that his first loyalty is to the university. "This is my university. I
belong to it, and I am prepared to
defend it when necessary."
This kind of commitment presupposes an overview, a sense of the
institution that often takes three or
four years to grow. But zoology professor Dr. David Suzuki agrees that
this overview should be expected
of every faculty member. But for
him the purpose is not so much
loyalty as reform. Those who do not
see beyond their own departments
are dismissed by Dr. McGregor as
selfish and by Dr. Suzuki as
To overcome the "cubicling"
within his own vast precincts, the
dean of arts  has started informal
afternoon meetings with newer
members of the faculty to get to
know some of their opinions and to
exchange interdepartmental problems. Although assistant dean Soule
agrees that a larger minority than
ever before—in the university as a
whole—are involved in community
concerns, he finds that most new
faculty members are still "too busy
with their own work to be directly
involved in campus or social issues,
and show little inclination to participate." So it isn't the expected
young who are necessarily spearheading whatever reforms are under way.
The chief criticism of the faculty
has long centred on teaching. This
year the complaints of the students
about poor or uninspired teaching
culminated in a pile of indignant
statements. The M.B.A. (Master of
Business Administration) Student
Association felt "teaching to be a
sadly neglected function on this
campus." The AMS report on
tenure practices claimed that "the
pursuit of tenure can detract from
teaching due to the de-emphasis of
it" and that "tenure, designed to
protect the interesting and outspoken teacher, is often apologist for
the deadhead." With the AMS following suit, the Graduate Student
Association refused to have anything to do with the choosing of
the Master Teachers and scorned
the award as a token attempt to
cover up the bad teaching situation
at UBC by "doling out a few dollars
to a couple of people each year."
Nonetheless, the two Master
Teacher Awards went out and were
received with proper enthusiasm by
assistant French professor Dr.
Floyd B. St. Clair and zoology professor Dr. Peter Larkin. Both are
advocates of an informal teaching
Continued p. 16 The Importance
Of Teaching
Dr. David Suzuki
T"\R.     DAVID     SUZUKI     of     ZOOlogy
U denies that he is a New Breed
type of professor although his blunt
statements, his television show, his
hip public image would seem to
make him a Number One candidate.
If Dr. Suzuki isn't one of a new
breed, then there aren't any on the
UBC faculty. The following collage
of Suzuki thoughts run a range of
faculty flaws:
My most important function is
teaching, obviously. But I think that
can be defined in many ways . . .
we have to distinguish between real
teaching and lecturing. One of the
things the university has never faced
up to is that it's so big it's become
impossible to teach.
People have never sat down—at
least not since I've been here—and
asked what is the primary role of
the university? I've tried this in my
own department and said "Look,
we don't know where we're going.
Let's get together and spend two
or three days with each other and
try to figure out what we're after."
And the whole attitude is "Christ,
you'll never get agreement," so we
alL. bumble along, and everybody is
on their own power trip—the administration, the Faculty of Arts,
this department. And what happens?
The ultimate person who loses out
is the student.
We never use as our primary
criterion the student and his education, and to me that's the only
justification for all the committees,
ranks, and so on.
Most of us regard the lower-year
courses as the drag courses. We're
all trying to get courses in upper
division so we can teach our specialty. At Harvard and MIT the
first-year biology course is the prestige course, the most important
course. We've got it all backward.
By the time a student gets to third
and fourth year, he's committed to
an area and he can put up with a
lot poorer profs.
I think a lot of the problems can
be diminished if we have a true attempt at democratization, that is,
where the administration, the faculty, and the students all have the
same amount of input.
I personally don't attend faculty
meetings; part of this is due to a
feeling of total impotence. You
can spend a year writing up a magnificent report with recommendations and it'll be dismissed in five
minutes . . . When I was on a
faculty committee here we spent
weeks trying to hammer out what
we were trying to do in zoology, and
proposed a very radical new teaching approach. We really believed in
it and thought we were leaning over
backwards to be objective. It was
brought up at the faculty meeting,
the committee members were
thanked, it was discussed very briefly, and that was it.
I think the most vulnerable point
the faculty has is its own sense of
pride. I see no reason why student
evaluations of teachers shouldn't be
published like a big list with stars—
"good, lousy, should be booted out
of university . . ."
I think faculty will do what they
can within their own little empire,
but few will sacrifice their piece of
the departmental pie in terms of
money for labs, courses they've invented, out-of-date areas, in order
to become more effective teachers.
We still teach as if we had to
cover all the information in a field
in four years. We have to face it—
there's no way. Like when I teach
a genetics course, within six months
there will be so much new information that the kids who took it will
be behind . . .
I suspect that we, the faculty who
are here now, can't do anything
about this. We belong to the older
generation, we're the prehistoric
monsters that are still hanging
around ... I think new people in
science and technology have to come
in and train a whole new group of
teachers a whole new approach. □
15 'The doctrine of
publish or perish
does not exist
at this university."
Dr. St. Clair, who says he nas
always been "somewhat free-wheeling" in his approach, feels that one
must relate as a total person to one's
students rather than regarding the
teaching role as a separate part of
one's personality. Dr. Larkin says
that "the exciting part of the profession is to get to know the students, to encourage them, and discover how talented they are at doing
what they are good at." He feels
that good teaching cannot happen
without this personal side. "If I
could have. 20 students, 20 hours a
week, it would be an educational
Long regarded as the mainstay
of the old guard, Dr. Malcolm McGregor is suspicious of informal
trends. "It's not necessary to dress
and talk like the more erratic students to prove that you are a good
teacher." And "Unscrewing all the
chairs doesn't increase teaching
efficiency; this is an artificial
While defending the adequacy of
lectures for first and second year
students who "should be collecting
facts first," Dr. McGregor also says
that "any teacher who takes teaching seriously is always looking for
new things, new approaches."
"Over the years, I've learned a
great deal from students; they have
good ideas. But this has not been
done by questionnaires, but by chatting, and by students coming in to
talk about the department." He
notes with some pride that the classics department uses no markers, a
fairly rare situation even in the
smaller departments. And, indicating a half dozen doors down the
hall, he points out that there are
no office hours specified. "We are
always here."
What is the primary function of
the faculty? According to the students it is teaching. According to the
Faculty Handbook, the role involves
equally teaching and research, with
a smaller section of administrative
duties wedged in. But is it possible
—or reasonable—to expect that
kind of neat role-division from 1,500
individuals with widely disparate
talents? Or to place the same importance on research in both arts
and science, when literature as a
subject depends far less on new
findings than does chemistry?
What should be the first consider
ation? The question made many
faculty members uncomfortable.
Few said "teaching" without hesitation. Many felt the existing structure was perfectly adequate and
allowed for flexibility. All felt it was
impossible to be a good teacher
without keeping up in one's field.
Some added that it was something
akin to a moral obligation to share
findings with one's colleagues
through publication.
Few faculty (and probably fewer
students) would go so far as to agree
with Dr. McGregor that "the doctrine of publish or perish does not
exist at this university." But it is
obviously harder to evaluate a man's
teaching' than his pile of publications. It would seem that the most
direct way is to go to his classroom
and listen. In a few departments
this is done, but generally the classroom is considered the professor's
private domain. You just don't drop
in without warning.
Oddly enough the strongest opposition to visitation has come from
junior faculty. Or perhaps not so
odd—the idea carries with it an air
of "inspection by one's superiors."
But it needn't be approached on
those terms. If all faculty—junior,
senior, teaching assistants—were
visited by department heads, and
were free to visit each other, to
compare notes, if more classes were
taught in teams of two or more, if
each department explored the particular teaching problems of its own
discipline, and if departments communicated more with each other on
both teaching and research, both
teaching and courses couldn't help
but improve. Across the campus
these attempts are slowly growing.
In the English department, a
PhD candidate noted that during
his two years as a teaching assistant, no one had ever come to see
how he handled his class. Department head Dr. Robert Jordan acknowledges "slippage regarding first
and second year classes," but promises a change. Team teaching is
becoming an important approach.
Greater communication between
teachers and between departments
is being urged. Groups of three
teaching assistants and one experienced professor are being organized
to talk over problems. The course
allotment is also being re-arranged
so that more senior faculty will be
teaching   first-year   courses   rather
16 than graduate student teaching
The comparative neglect of lower-
level courses is an important problem, most noticeable in the Faculty
of Arts. Teaching assistants may be
lively and enthusiastic, but they
often lack a sense of students' capabilities. Dr. St. Clair feels lower-
level courses are the most demanding, and suggests TAs should be
teaching graduate courses. Assistant
philosophy professor Ed Levy would
like the whole teaching emphasis
brought down to first and second
year level where "the students need
it most."
The Arts 1 program has, according to Dr. Kubicek, had a tremendous feedback into the arts faculty.
It has resulted in greater awareness
of teaching methods, exchange of
ideas, and more self-discipline. But
there is a problem in getting instructors, in re-educating them, and
in recognizing the limitations of
their expertise. Science is instituting
a similar program, a nine-unit
Science 1. But Prof. Levy insists that
this kind of development is only one
kind of curriculum reform—other
structures, or non-structures, must
The question of community involvement is also touchy. The
official stand is that participation in
social issues is fine so long as it
doe's not interfere with academic
responsibilities. A rather flexible
boundary. But many younger faculty
members claim this means school
boards, government commissions,
corporation surveys are benevolently
approved while controversial issues
such as ecology, civil liberties and
U.S. war-objectors, are viewed with
That, of course, ties in with the
question of whether the university
should be aloof from society, an
"objective interpreter", or whether
it should be an integral part of it,
providing leadership on social questions. The first has been called a
"ghetto mentality." But, bigger,
younger, and sporadically radical
though it may be, the bulk of the
UBC faculty still prefers aloofness. □
Vancouver freelance writer Miss Viv-
eca Ohm graduated from UBC in
1969 with a BA in English.
\Ne want you
to get
your money's worth.
Bank of Montreal
The First Canadian Bank
"At the Bank of Montreal, we wish
to be unique among banks. Unique
in that we wish to serve not only as
a place where you can deposit and
borrow money. But we also want to
show you how to get the most for
your money.
"After all, we've become one of
the largest banks in the world, and
who should know more about money?
That's why all our efforts are dedicated to giving you advice that will
help you in your depositing and
borrowing. We want you to get your
money's worth."
17 The
Status Quo
about the UBC senate. I see row
upon row of solemn-faced senators
sitting at long wooden tables rising in
tiers along the sides of a narrow,
high-walled Gothic hall. The light is
dim, but by the flickering candlelight
we can see that the members, all
dressed uniformly in black, clutch
quill pens in their aging hands. They
are acutely uncomfortable in their
high-backed wooden chairs, but they
press manfully on. The question up
for discussion is a course called:
Earth: Flat or . . .? The importance
of the decision weighs heavily on
each and every member. The debate
presses on with one creaky voice following another, almost endlessly
until the vote finally comes. Tt always
ends in one of two ways: the question
is tabled or it is sent to a committee
for further study.
Yes, of course it's just a dream.
Oh, it must be. UBC doesn't have any
Gothic halls that I know of. But then,
on the other hand (as they say in
senate), UBC's senate is not exactly
an electronic light show. Oh yes it's
a dream, at least I think it is. . .
"The senate in many ways is a
tight network of old boys. If one did
an examination of membership in the
senate, length of time, position on the
committees, you'd find that all the old
boys have been there since the year
dot just about."
—Senate   member   Dr.   Walter
Young in an interview, June 1971.
"The fact that many individuals
continue ... to serve on university
governing bodies has led to charges
by radical elements that these bodies
are self-perpetuating groups which
are sunk in inertia and are uninterested   in   new   ideas   and effecting
change. It should be apparent... that
an overlapping membership ensures
that a governing body has a reservoir of people who are knowledgeable about University affairs and are
able to bring a certain amount of historical perspective to bear on matters
under discussion."
—President Walter Gage, in his
annual report, 1969-70.
"I don't think it's true to say the
senate isn't directing the university
anywhere. I think the problem is the
senate is directing the university very
specifically, in  a  very conservative
sense. It is heavily weighted at the
moment on the side of non-change
and that's a direction. That's a very
specific choice senate makes."
—Dr. Cyril Belshaw, chairman of
a committee on long-range objectives whose report was emasculated by senate.
"I think it safe to say that the
(Belshaw) report confronted the university with the necessity of making
decisions on a number of important
issues which had to be resolved for
the future benefit of faculty members
and students."
—President Gage, in his 1969-70
annual report.
"Senate ... if it continues in its
present form, doing the things it has
been doing for the last two or three
years, will in effect not only destroy its own effectiveness, it will inhibit the university and may even
destroy it as the institution as we see
it at the present time."
—Senate member Dr. CA. McDowell in an interview, June
Well, I suppose it all depends on
where you sit. If you're a member of
an administration that is managing to
keep the lid on in these troubled
times, that probably looks like progress itself. But if you happen to be a
faculty member who expects the university to be vital and alive and ready
to move with the times, this is a very
frustrating period. Nowhere is this
seen better than in the senate.
The senate these days is a body
sharply divided. Unquestionably, the
upper hand is held by the forces of
the status quo, a conservative
element which is little interested in
pressing for academic reform and innovation at UBC. But the status quo
is increasingly under challenge. A
smaller group of senators—including
both faculty and students—feel that
major changes are essential. One result is that even in this supreme academic body, positions have become
hardened and issues frequently now
take on a symbolic quality. Says a
more liberal member of senate:
"Change these days is identified with
radicalism when quite often it
shouldn't be. This is quite clearly the
worst possible time in the university's
history for introducing major
So what is the function of the senate? The Universities Act states that:
"It is the duty of the senate and it has
power to provide for the government,
management and carrying out of curriculum, instruction and education
offered by the university." A simple definition, but one which, particularly today, results in serious
One of the main troubles is that
nobody is really sure what the section
of the Act means. The more conservative members of the senate take the
view that anything which in any way
involves money isn't a subject for
18      Keith Bradbury looks at the UBC Senate senate but for the board of governors. The more liberally-minded
members of senate take a broader
view. As Dr. Belshaw says: "You
cannot manage unless you deal with
the resources. You've got to distribute resources and that means
money. That phrase indicates senate
has a concern with money. But it is
not interpreted that way. Senate has
supported the interpretation that
only the board is concerned with
If this all sounds like a kind of
esoteric semantical battle, don't underestimate it. It is fundamental.
Those who don't want the university
to do any given thing, or follow any
given path, can frequently argue that
it is outside the senate's terms of reference because it deals with money;
that only the board can deal with it.
Those who want change in fact contend that the conservatives, including
the administration, frequently take
refuge behind this legalistic distinction to avoid having to deal with legitimate issues raised in the senate.
Some senators, however, maintain
that the board is less scrupulous in
observing the distinction between financial and academic functions.
They argue that the board has,
among other things, initiated such
"academic" projects as the water resources centre, the industrial relations centre and TRIUMF.
Adding to the frustration of those
who see a need for academic change
in the university is the way in which
senate itself is run. President Gage,
who is chairman of senate, had this
to say about the matter in his 1969-
70 annual report; "Those who have
observed the inner workings of a university will know that, by and large,
institutions of higher learning are
complex democracies that operate by
consensus achieved in countless
meetings of committees, large and
small." But not everyone agrees with
this statement. Dr. Walter Young,
head of political science, frankly
charges: "The senate is run by
Walter Gage."
From this point of view, the problem apparently centres on the lack of
systematic procedure. Roberts Rules
of Order, for example, are not used
in senate deliberations. "It's the best
example of the Gage style", says Dr.
Young. "No procedure. He specifically eschews the use of procedure.
And so, as a result, you find that at
one meeting, somebody will move a
motion under new business and it'll
be discussed and debated and disposed of at that point. At another
meeting, somebody will move a motion that is distasteful and so it's
considered to be notice of motion.
And at yet another meeting, somebody will move a motion that is even
more distasteful and it will be accepted. The rules are designed to suit
the circumstances."
In fairness, however, it should be
pointed out that the majority of senators have not protested this lack of
procedure. It is apparently acceptable to most of them. But it is clear,
however, that this lack of procedure
can make it easy for senate to sidestep difficult fundamental issues. And
this can only be frustrating to those
academics who believe the university
needs major reform.
Equally irritating is the fact that
it's difficult, even for a senate member, to get hard information on the
university. Incredibly, some committees set up by senate, just don't
report; others report only to the president. One experienced senate member says the senate budget committee
has never reported to senate so far
as he knows. As for the buildings
committee, "it reported last year or
the year before but it hasn't reported
Another member complains that
the university financial report, required to be presented to senate, goes
only to the president, "who puts it
down in a cupboard and locks it away
somewhere." Student senator Art
Smolensky, who tried to get a copy of
the university's investment portfolio
to see how it is invested, says he can't
get it. "They will not give me a copy,
yet they make copies for every investment house in town and they
send them around every quarter."
One result of all this is that some
senators feel endless amounts of time
are wasted on trivial details—and
senate becomes, among other things,
a very unrewarding experience for
those who would like to see it dealing
with broader issues. Dr. Walter
Young, for one, charges that many
of the more senior people on senate
just don't want to be bothered with
the more complex issues.
"They say—'We came here to say
yes or no to Plant Science 400, why
bother us with how many Indians are
at UBC and what is the social background of these people and so on.
We're not really interested in that
and if we were so what? What could
we do about it?' " To them, he says,
senate is a club. "You get together
and have a chance to get up and debate and be witty."
Yes, they do debate and they deal
with things like degrees, course
changes, scholarships and honorary
degrees. Why course changes
couldn't be delegated to the faculties
is something that some members of
senate would like to know. As for
approving degrees, they come in a
wad an inch thick and are approved
19 —without ever being read—in about
10 seconds flat, according to one senator. Scholarships? "The only person who reads them is someone who
wants to see if his son or daughter or
neighbor or friend has got one," says
Dr. C. A. McDowell, head of chemistry. "Senate has become a terribly
ineffective body. There should be a
committee struck to reorganize senate very drastically," he says.
Dr. Robert Clark, director of the
office   of   academic   planning,   was
quick to point out, in response to
questioning, where the blame should
lie for the senate's weaknesses. "In
the first place," he said, "if the senate is not dealing effectively with the
basic questions of curriculum then
that is essentially the fault of the faculty,  because the faculty,  through
membership and otherwise, dominate
the discussions of senate. If there is
insufficient discussion of curriculum
then this reflects two considerations,
namely, the natural concern of departments and faculties to protect
r tfieir own autonomy, and an uncer-
\ tainty on the part of faculty about
j what are the most important objec-
! tives of the university and the best
1 ways to achieve them."
■""""Dr.  Clark,  however,  notes  that
senate has always dealt with some
of the basic academic questions fac-
ing the university. But he does agree
wTtEThe criticism that senate is not
giving "enough consideration to what
.are to be the main goals of the uni-_
yersity_,'r And that "is essentially the
Of course, if you start out with a
conservative bias and you're bogged
down in mechanical trivia, then
chances are you're not really going
to get at the "big" issues. There is
some evidence this is the case. Consider the following matters and their
• The report of the committee on
long range objectives, which proposed fundamental reorganization of
UBC: mostly tabled or defeated;
• A proposal to abolish rank for
professors: dismissed as a matter for
the board, not senate;
• A proposal that the university
sell off its American stocks (at the
time these stocks were thought to be
worth three quarters of a million
dollars): referred to the board without comment.
• A motherhood motion on pollution: defeated.
• A proposal to examine the university's role in society: defeated.
And so on. There is no shortage of
The presence of students on the
senate has made some of these issues
more glaringly obvious. Some of the
students are not overly impressed by
tradition and ritual and the lofty importance with which some senate
members feel their deliberations
should be attended. Some student
senators also feel strongly that some
issues must be raised whether or not
they are within the purview of issues
senate has historically dealt with.
The result is tension. On at least one
occasion, I was told, one student senator was booed and hissed by some
faculty senators. But the more usual
reception for the students is apparently one of "restrained tolerance."
In the end, however, the badgering
by the students—free from the inhibitions that might limit promotion-
conscious faculty members—may
well help to push senate to the point
of doing a proper re-examination of
its functions.
There is no shortage of ideas for
reform of the senate. The matter has
been a subject for study by numerous
committees. Their reports are still to
be found in assorted cubbyholes
around the university. But one essential reform raised by most of the
people with whom I spoke is the
bringing together of the financial and
the academic decision-making power.
The senate, as the university's supreme academic governing body, is in
large measure responsible for what
kind of university UBC becomes.
The university has made significant
progress over the years, despite financial obstacles, but today there are
alarming signs of drift just when the
times seem to demand new departures in the academic orientation of
the university. If the senate is not
reformed, the university may well
To Dr. McDowell, reform of the
senate is imperative as the alternative is unthinkable. Expanding on his
contention that senate as it is presently operating could destroy the
university, he said: "It will destroy
the university as an intellectual force
in the community because it is
bogged down in trivialities. The result is that people with initiative in
the university are beginning to feel
that there's no possibility of chang
ing the university and making it more
appropriate to the contemporary
social society and contemporary educational society and the contemporary needs of mankind.
"And so they get disenchanted,
and they do one of two things: they
will leave this institution, and I think
there's evidence that this is happening, or that they will simply retreat
into some academic ivory tower and
get on with their teaching and research and the university will be the
less place for not having the advice
and interests of these people being
expressed on measures."
Continuance of the present state of
affairs may in fact represent a disservice to the future of higher education in B.C., in Dr. Belshaw's view.
"What concerns me at the moment"
he said, "is that a lot of long-range
issues that are going to be hurting
us around 1980 need decisions now
which will affect the outcome and
everbody's too darned busy to give
them attention. Nobody's giving attention to the demographic growth
in this province, the population
growth in this province which is going away beyond all forecasts. We
are now roughly where all the forecasts said we would be by 1978 or
For those faculty concerned about
ending the drift in university academic affairs, membership on senate
is clearly a demoralizing and frustrating experience. There is now increasing doubt as to whether the
UBC senate—like its Ottawa counterpart—will ever become an effective institution.
As Dr. Walter Young said: "I
often wonder—and I sometimes ask
other people this—'Why do we go to
senate at all?' "
Well, I asked him, why do you
"I don't know. I guess I go in case
something might just come up."
Who knows, something might. □
Vancouver freelance writer Keith
Bradbury, BA '66, LLB'69, is a former Vancouver Sun reporter. He was
editor of The Ubyssey in 1962-63. shels the life of the party
Queen Anne has a way of making friends. This rare
Scotch is a blend of finest whiskies so give a big hand
for the little lady — you're in good company
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liqu
quor Control Board or by the Government of
British Columbia
21 Board of Governors
Closed Doors
Hide No Ogres
Alex Volkoff
■^board of governors has operated
under the unenviable image of university bogeyman. Board members
are cast as the campus ogres, raising cafeteria prices one day, cutting
down on funds for a building the
next and generally keeping a careful eye on the direction of education for Uncle Cece.
It's their own fault, really. If
faculty and students alike see the
board as the elitist club on campus,
members themselves do nothing to
contradict the notion. The closest
students ever get is the board's
annual dinner with the Alma Mater
Society where the board pays for
the privilege of dining with the
younger generation.
Reporters find this determination
to keep a low profile frustrating but
it's more than just habit—it's board
policy. In the face of criticism board
members rarely react with anything
louder than silence. "We'd rather be
misunderstood and not praised for
our good actions than be accused
22 Examining a detailed report are
members of UBC's board of governors (left to right) Art Fouks
(immediate foreground, back to
camera); Donovan Miller; Paul
Plant; Les Bewley; David Williams;
Walter Koerner; Mrs. Beverley
Lecky; chairman   John Liersch;
UBC vice-president (finance) Bill
White; UBC President Walter Gage;
UBC vice-president (academic) Bill
Armstrong; secretary; and (back
to camera) A llan McGavin.
of blowing our own horns," they
earnestly explain.
Unfortunately it is just this aura
of secrecy that gives students ample
excuse to suspect the board of
really getting away with something
behind their firmly closed doors. No
one really knows what the board
does so it is very easy to pin the
blame for any unhappy situation on
it. And the board silently submits
to its role as scapegoat.
Everyone knows the university is
chronically short of money and
when student fees go up to meet
the costs where do people point the
accusing finger? Not at Ottawa, for
the federal government doesn't
handle education. And not even at
Victoria except in passing reference because it is just too far away.
If students are severely provoked
and the weather is good they may
march on the capital. But time has
proven that the provincial purse
strings are hard to loosen and the
only substantial transfer of money
is between the students and ticket
sellers for B.C. Ferries. It isn't long
before the resentful eyes find a target
close at hand and the board is in
for it again.
One of the basic reasons for this
is their misleading name. Board of
governors. Sounds like a group of
potential Huey Longs. Perhaps they
should really be called the board of
administrative assistants. The name
is nowhere near as glamorous but
probably hits a little closer to the
Under the Universities Act of
1963, the board is responsible for
the "management, administration,
and control of the property, revenue,
business and affairs of the university." In elaboration it is made
clear that the board has authority
to: 1. appoint all persons who work
for the university; 2. establish and
maintain faculties and departments;
3. construct and maintain buildings;
4. prepare and adopt the current and
the capital budgets; 5. decide upon
the amount of students' fees; 6. restrict the number of students in
each faculty, "having regard to the
resources available." However the
Act stipulates appointments and
dismissals of faculty must have the
approval of the president and the
establishment of faculties and departments must have the approval
of senate.
But trying to understand the
board by looking at the Act is unrealistic. There you can learn six of
the 11 members are appointed by
the Lieutenant-Governor-in-Council,
three are elected by Senate, and
the President and Chancellor are
members automatically. But the
board is not just a concept or an
abstract principle. It is a collection
of 11 personalities and operates on
individual strengths and weaknesses.
The chairman is John Liersch,
vice-president of Canadian Forest
Products and in his third term on
the board. Others include Chancellor Allan McGavin, President Walter
Gage, Walter Koerner, head of
Rayonier Canada Ltd. and a board
member since 1957; Richard Bibbs,
vice-president of industrial relations
at MacMillan Bloedel and a quiet
professional; Donovan Miller, president of Canadian Fishing Company,
a reserved man in his third term on
the board; David Williams, an outgoing young lawyer from Duncan
and the only member not residing
hi the Lower Mainland; Paul Plant,
an extrovert and vice-president of
Ralph Plant Ltd.; Art Fouks, a
brisk, business-like and affable
lawyer; Les Bewley, B.C.'s colorful
Provincial Court Judge and freshman board member, having been
appointed only last November; and
Mrs. Beverley Lecky, a charming
housewife whose father, George
Cunningham, was a board member
for about 30 years.
Of the 11 members, only two—
Chancellor McGavin and Koerner
—are not graduates of UBC. Among
the others, four have been Alumni
Association presidents and at least
three were at one time members of
the Alma Mater Society council.
There also seems to be a new trend
in the government appointments—
both Bibbs and Miller are recent
appointees who in previous years
were  elected by Senate.  In  other
words, only four of the 11 are government appointees without previous
senate mandate.
One popular condemnation has it
that board members are stuffy, conservative businessmen and what are
businessmen doing heading an academic institution anyway? If you
look closely enough, the Act stipulates even that the three board members elected by senate must not be
employed by the university.
To begin with, nearly half the
board members are not businessmen. Besides the president of the
university there are two lawyers, a
housewife long associated with the
university and a judge.
But perhaps more to the point,
what's so wrong about having businessmen on the board? The university's annual budget is upwards
of $60 million. As Judge Bewley
says, "That must rate pretty high
on the corporate scale." It stands
to reason the university needs people
competent in money matters to deal
with UBC's financial and business
affairs. The board is the legal entity
of the university and as such calls
for tenders, lets contracts and makes
Moreover the board is in the position of having to worm funds out of
the provincial government. As Dr.
Robert Clark, UBC's academic planner, says,"Both the government of
B.C. and any board authorized by
the government to distribute funds
among universities are likely to be
more impressed by a well-presented
case for funds, or in defence of academic freedom if it is advanced by
lay members of the board than the
same case presented by a group of
faculty. The latter, however idealistic
their presentation, are seen generally to be advancing their own interests at the same time they seek
to promote the public interest. The
fact that the board at UBC is composed of persons highly regarded in
the community helps maintain public
confidence in the university."
Deputy president Bill Armstrong,
who acts as secretary for the board,
says at one time he thought academics should be allowed on the
board but having seen it in action
has changed his mind. "People with
vested interests should not be board
members. That goes for students
too. All these people should be on
senate if they want a hand in university affairs." Open board meet-
23 ings is no answer either. "That
would only force discussion into
committees, the same thing that
happens in parliament," says Armstrong.
One change the university has
been pushing for is to get more representatives of labor on the board.
"But frankly, this is not acceptable
to the provincial government," says
Armstrong. Actually, this was done
traditionally to the end of Larry
MacKenzie's term as president. It
was never laid down in the Act, but
he used to recommend to the government, representatives of the professions, labor, agriculture and
Board members see their function not only as a board of directors of a corpor don but also as
trustees of public funds. As trustees
it is their job both to ensure maximum education value per dollar and
also to act as one of the town-gown
links. The average taxpayer trusts
the business board member much
more readily than he does the
And the board goes to bat for
the university in terms other than
strictly monetary ones. Twice in the
past five years members have turned
down requests from American companies to make a film on campus.
They decided it was not in the interests of the students and faculty
to be disrupted by large-scale
There are those on campus who
claim the university cannot separate
its financial decisions from its academic ones. Not so, says Fouks. "It's
like going out to dinner," he says.
"Once you've decided to go out you
have to decide what price restaurant. The senate sends us a priority
list and we decide on the basis of
that exactly what we can spend. We
have never, in my experience, cut
the financial assistance or availability
of funds because there was something in the academic decision we
didn't like. It never would have
occurred to us."
So while the board handles the
business end of the university, it
leaves academic matters to the
In fact, as board members themselves are quick to say, the board acts
as a rubber stamp in virtually all
academic decisions. "I think it's fair
to say that if senate has approved
something   and   the   president   ap-
proves it, then we rubber stamp it,"
says Art Fouks. "They are the people
who are smarter than us in the academic world and they set the rules
for getting a degree. I don't think
we're capable of criticizing that. Our
job then as members of the board is to
make sure the tools are available and
used with the greatest efficiency.
"To say we are a rubber stamp
for the administration and the business end of the university, however,
is categorically incorrect. We respect very highly our President and
our administrative staff. We listen
to them and we examine very carefully what they recommend; on
many occasions we have asked for
a review. Based on that kind of
examination the board uses its best
judgment. And I think it's fair to
say the administration has not always had its way."
What this means is a well-
respected president is the strongman
on the board. He sits there flanked
by his deputy presidents—Bill Armstrong fielding academic questions
and Bill White the financial—and
acts as the source of information for
the other board members.
The only man who can really
challenge his position is the chairman, and it needs a well-informed,
dynamic man to do it. A case in
point occurred five years ago during
the planning stages for the Student
Union Building. One day the Alma
Mater Society received a letter
ostensibly from the board listing 10
conditions under which members
were willing to let the building operate. Students were none too happy
for the list was harsh and included
one rule stating the administration
had to okay every function before it
could take place in SUB. An upset
AMS president approached the
board in hopes of negotiating a
better settlement. He didn't need to.
To begin with, the board had never
even seen the list. Chairman Nathan
Nemetz took one look, poised his
pencil, and saying "The students
won't accept this," crossed off nine
of the ten, leaving the author of the
list—past UBC president John Macdonald—with a red face. The only
condition left concerned the use of
liquor in the building, a regulation
which the provincial government
carries in its own pocket to begin
The trick to getting a recommendation passed by the board is
smooth presentation. Board members examine many topics in one
meeting. They do their homework
but they cannot be experts on everything that comes before the board
and have to rely on presentations from outside sources.
This is where students can profit.
There is a growing feeling on campus that student-faculty cooperation
is passe. A more profitable alliance
might well be between students and
the board. "It is the entrenched
faculty, not the board members who
put up objections and obstructions
because the old faculty are the ones
who will lose if the system changes,"
says former AMS president Shaun
Sullivan. But student-board cooperation does not mean having student
board members, he says.
"You'd run into a lot of problems. First, is it going to be a person elected for that purpose? Or
the AMS president? What happens
when the AMS is negotiating with
the board? Wouldn't there be a conflict of interests? Perhaps more basic
—students should be in on academic
decisions rather than business ones.
I think they would find board meetings very dull."
The best example of student-
board cooperation up to now is the
Winter Sports Centre. The two sides
joined together in an equal partnership to build and expand the centre,
a facility that neither party could
have pulled off alone. And now that
supporting beams have cracked and
need reconstruction, the board and
the AMS have joined legal powers
for the first time in UBC history in
a litigation against the companies
Judge Bewley also believes in promoting good student-board relations.
He is chewing over the idea of having an auditor-general for the board
in the same way parliament has. "A
qualified man could both audit the
efficiency of the board and act as a
sounding post for any faculty and
student gripes," he said. "If a student has a gripe now, where does he
go? For a long time now there has
only been a vertical chain of command. I'd like to see a lateral one
too. An independent, skilled man in
the position of auditor-general would
make a good ombudsman because
he would have both access to the
levers of power and the confidence
of the board."
The board really has little of the
power for the direction of education
at the university and yet has the
final responsibility for it. So why do
members of the community take on
the job? There's no doubt the posi
tion is prestigious but it's not all
strawberries and cream. Fouks estimates he spends at least one full
day per week on board business.
Big deal, you say, that's what they're
there for. But remember for the
majority of them that means time
spent away from a lucrative job—
board members get no salary. The
only benefits are a free parking
space on campus and an honorary
membership at the Faculty Club.
Beyond prestige there must be something else and I think one can find
it in the characters of the individual
board members. Surely their motivations are simply a desire to look
after the welfare of the old Alma
Mater and a pure love of business.
So next time you pass the old administration building on your way
to the caf, look up at the southeast
corner of the top floor. If there is a
light burning up there you know the
board is meeting. But they are not
the ogres of business, people have
made them out to be over the
years. They are simply a group of
11 individuals looking after the
mechanics of operating a university,
leaving the academics free to get on
with the process of education. □
when you look at life look to Canada Life
25 Keith Bradbury
How Williams Lake Sees UBC
-^*- of Vancouver, the Cariboo
Highway takes a sharp swing toward
the Pacific Ocean, skirts a lake, and
quite suddenly deposits you in the
Old West. At least many of the locals
prefer that you think of it as the Old
West. This is Williams Lake, home of
B.C.'s "premier" stampede, one of
the province's leading cattle shipping
centres, and the town with the highest
consumption of cowboy hats and
string ties west of Calgary.
Yet, to be truthful, the Old West
was never quite like this. That ever-
present blue haze that covers the
town—it comes from the burners of
the sawmills that now congregate
around the railhead and make lumbering, not ranching, the town's biggest industry. Lumber is followed by
tourism. Cattle might be third but
mining is coming up fast and will
soon replace it. No, this is really the
New West—a town like many in B.C.
—based on the outwardly contradictory ideas of extracting resources and
attracting tourists.
Which brings me to the point of
why I was driving into Williams Lake
on a day late in July with the temperature hovering somewhere in the
90's. A few weeks earlier, in Vancouver the editor of the Chronicle
had been wondering aloud about
"how a small town in the Interior
of B.C. sees the university." He suggested a visit to one. A couple of days
later he had settled upon Williams
Lake as the one to be so honored.
One of the first things that should
be said is that the selection of Williams Lake didn't turn out to be a bad
one at all. This town may not be
truly representative of small B.C.
towns (for one thing, it has a larger
native Indian population than many)
but it has much in common with the
others. It is young, rough-edged and,
being resource-based, peopled with
the kind of people who live in many
of the smaller communities of B.C.
So this is probably not just the story
of a single community.
And the very first thing that one
realizes on coming to a town like this
is that the university is not exactly
central to the lives of ordinary people. To the majority, UBC is "down
there", in Vancouver, a place where
you may send your kids if you are
white, if they are smart enough and
if you have the money. But beyond
that the people have little knowledge
about the university and perhaps less
On the day before I arrived in
Williams Lake, a student who had
just completed his first year at UBC
was giving a talk to the local Kiwanis
about his first year and about the
need of summer jobs for university
students. One of those who heard the
speech told me later, "The members
were interested for about five minutes. But by 10 minutes, they were
getting bored. People here are lackadaisical, they need a bomb to stir
them up."
It seems to be only among those
who are "professionally" involved—
those who are required to know
about the university—that you find
greater interest and better informed
opinions. And among these people
there are several different, sometimes
contradictory, views of the university.
A composite of these views might be
that "while UBC is definitely a better
place than Simon Fraser, we don't
like the shaggy, long-haired students,
we distrust graduates who think they
know it all and we are concerned
about the machine-like impersonality
of UBC." The only way their lives
are directly touched by UBC is for
those few who take extension courses.
"We regard UBC as 'our' university," school board chairman Fred
Waterhouse told me as we drank cold
pop in the shade of his backyard.
"Up here, we're not particularly enamored with the thoughts of SFU.
We don't like the constant disruptions. What's going on at SFU is an
unnerving thing. UBC we regard as a
firmly-established university with
little or no criticism—just as England
regards Cambridge or Oxford."
However, Waterhouse, a photographer, who visited UBC this spring
to recruit teachers for his sprawling
school district also is concerned
about the long-hairs he saw while he
was on the campus. "It's a bit of a
shock to go down on the campus and
walk around. There seems to be so
many scruffy people. You see the
dregs of humanity walking around on
campus and it's a bit shaky." However, he did allow that the education
students he interviewed were neat
and well-scrubbed.
It was Herb Gardner, the mayor
for the last 18 years, who got in a
dig at know-it-all graduates. "In the
past a lot of students have come out
and thought they knew everything
about everything," says Gardner,
who ran a building supply operation.
"I recall one case of a biologist who
came in here and simply wrote off
the knowledge of the professional
guides who have been here for years.
But I don't think it's as bad as it used
to be."
UBC grad Mrs. Anne Stevenson, a
school trustee and leading figure in
educational matters around Williams
Lake, expressed the "impersonality"
complaint. "I know of one student Fred Waterhouse
Machine- Like
Herb Gardner
27 from here—a 90's student in high
school—who went down there and
by Thanksgiving wanted to quit. He
was homesick and just plain browned
off because he felt that he was working in a vacuum.
"One fault is in the large classes
where a student writes an essay and
then it is turned over to a marker for
marking. In this case, the marker put
some smart alecky comments on the
essay. That makes it pretty tough for
someone from a small town who is
in the strange new world of the university and the big city. Some of the
kids who go down from here feel that
nobody gives a damn about them."
One way that UBC overcomes
some of its remoteness for the people of Williams Lake is through programs   other   than   the   usual   on-
campus curriculum courses. Thus
Roy Blackwood, the Town of Williams Lake's clerk-administrator, has
improved his qualifications by taking
a course for municipal administrators
put on by the Centre for Continuing
Education. This course covered such
areas as assessment, law, administration, accounting, finance and economics and convinced Blackwood
that the Centre does "quite a job.
But now they are phasing the course
out. I'm sorry about that."
One thing that is making UBC
even less real for the people of Williams Lake is development of Cariboo College at Kamloops. The college affects the people of Williams
Lake in at least two ways. One is that
more children from Williams Lake
went to the college to study last year
Mrs. Anne Stevenson, BA'27
than came to UBC. Another is that
the college has attempted to make itself relevant to the people of Williams Lake by establishing a permanent Dean of Continuing Education
in the town.
The college finds considerable
support from most of the people I
talked to in Williams Lake. "Colleges and technical institutions seem
a little more relevant to us," says
Mayor Gardner. "At Cariboo College, the fact that they get more practical experience seems to make it
more popular." He points out that
several students from the college got
on-the-job training with the Williams Lake Tribune last term. "And
it's easier for a college student to get
employment than for a university
student. A lot of our boys want to
go there."
Mrs. Stevenson, who is on the college council, feels that Cariboo College can be an important stepping
stone to university for both students
just out of high school and for people
who previously never completed
their formal education. For high
school students continuing with
higher education she points out that
Cariboo College offers smaller
classes and a closer relationship between students, staff members and
counsellors. In addition, Cariboo has
both technical and academic courses
and offers students a chance to experiment a little more. "The facilities
are old and inadequate," Mrs. Stevenson says, "but the spirit is great.
It's like the spirit of UBC when UBC
was still in the Fairview shacks."
The other popular aspect of Cariboo College is the fact that the Dean
of Continuing Education in Williams
Lake will be bringing programs right
into the community and onto nearby
Indian reserves. "We hope it will be
like the open universities of Great
Britain," says Mrs. Stevenson.
Another thing working in favor of
Cariboo College and others like it is
a growing feeling that a university
education is simply "over-education." Says school board chairman
Waterhouse: "I'm not suggesting
universities will lose their identity,
but people are wondering if they
should regard a university education
as a must." Adds Gardner, who again
lists off the main industries: "There's
a limited opportunity for a university-trained person who wants to live
here." Mrs. Stevenson says that in
the past people have been university- Mrs. Irene Peters
oriented but with the graduation of
the first class from Cariboo this year,
more are now seeing college as an
attractive alternative.
Of course, all of the foregoing applies to the white community. It is
not necessarily true for the native
Indian community, the next largest
racial grouping in Williams Lake.
This was brought home to me when
I phoned Mrs. Irene Peters, operator
of the Indian Friendship Centre, to
seek an appointment with her.
"I don't think I could help you,"
she told me, "Because I don't know
anything about the university. All I
know is that it's a big building with a
lot of people, but I really don't even
know what they do there." Later,
after I had driven out to her reserve
home just south of town, she
"We've had about 8,000 people,
mostly young Indians, through the
Centre in the last 15 months. But
university is something that is simply
not talked about. I don't know any
thing about it even if the kids did ask
and 1 don't know of one Indian from
here who has gone to the university."
The distance to UBC from the reserve, I came to realize, is a lot longer
than it is from Williams Lake. Mrs.
Peters explained that in the lower
grades at school there is usually an
equal number of whites and Indians.
By Grade 12 last year, there were
only 10 Indians in a grad class of
Just getting to Grade 12 can be a
terrifying experience for Indian
children, what with being removed
from the reserve and their parents,
being forced to learn English and being thrust into the white man's world.
"When I went to school, we were
strapped if we spoke our native language," she recalled.
As for going to university, that can
be a major difficulty for an Indian
family too. "An Indian family
couldn't just move to Vancouver to
take their child to university the way
a white family could. If you've lived
in the Chilcotin and eaten fish and
wild meat all your life, what are you
going to do in Vancouver?"
What does Williams Lake think of
UBC and its role in higher education?
Well, of course, I didn't come away
with a definitive answer to that question. For that you would need perhaps a year and an in-depth study
by a team of social scientists. But
still the viewpoints I encountered are,
I think, valuable for the university
community to know. The sheer fact,
for instance, of the wide ignorance of
UBC. The belief that the regional
college provides more relevant education. Concern over the impersonality of UBC and its effect on students from smaller centres. The popularity of certain extension courses.
And the fact that many Indians do
not see university education as an
obtainable goal. It's this sort of information—particularly if received
more extensively and more regularly
—that can help UBC continue to be
the university of all British Columbia.
29 The University
Of An
Dr. William Gibson
physician, Dr. John Sebastian
Helmcken, went to Ottawa to negotiate the terms for the entry of British
Columbia into Confederation 100
years ago, he had one prophetic item
on his long list of "demands." He
wanted the Canadian government to
build, at Esquimalt naval base, a
hospital of sufficient size and quality
to permit a medical school to be
started. This appears to be the first
mention of higher education on Canada's west coast.
On August 3, 1971, the B.C. Minister of Health announced, and the
UBC Board of Governors confirmed,
that a 350-bed teaching, service, and
research hospital would be built on
the UBC campus—just 100 years
after Dr. Helmcken's proposal was
ignored by Ottawa. In fairness, however, it must be stated clearly that
today Ottawa will be paying approximately half the $60 million overall
cost of the UBC teaching hospital.
The provincial share will come from
health funds, not from educational
funds. The operating costs will similarly come from the hospitalization
budget of the province.
During World War I, UBC President Wesbrook, an internationally-
known medical scientist, set out the
need for a university teaching hospital at Point Grey. He had brought
the faculty of medicine at the University of Minnesota into the front
rank of medical education, and the
ever critical Abraham Flexner
awarded Wesbrook's school a class
"A" rating—at a time when two-
thirds of American medical schools
were being closed down. Wesbrook's
words of 1915 were prophetic:
"Proper clinical teaching is only possible
if teaching institutions control hospitals
which are ready to discharge their double
function. This double function involves
the care of the patients of today and not
less important, the better care of the patients of tomorrow through teaching and
research. Hospitals should not be simply
boarding houses for the sick but institutions for research, study and teaching.
Fortunately both ends are served by the
same plan.
"The best results are obtained where
the University owns its own hospital which
is conducted primarily as a teaching and
research institution. This safeguards at the
same time, the best interests of the patient.
By arrangement with municipal and other
public bodies, university medical schools
may assume responsibility for the professional conduct of hospitals, guaranteeing
the best possible service but such hospitals
cannot easily be made integral parts of the
teaching plant of a university. They will
be accessory."
The first legacy to be left to UBC
came from Dr. Alexander Monro, an
outstanding Vancouver physician, in
1932. A pre-medical society was organized bearing Monro's name, and
the first action of its officers was to
inform UBC President Klinck of this
supposedly momentous fact. It is reported that Dr. Klinck listened in his
usual grave manner, until the students prophesied that this was the
beginning of a drive for a medical
faculty complete with a teaching
hospital on campus. The president
covered his face with his hands and
burst out laughing. In the depths of
the Depression he was thankful for
such comic relief.
President Klinck's successor was a
former Dalhousie medical student,
Norman A. M. MacKenzie, and he
carried the message to Premier John
Hart in several games of golf. The
alumni, immediately post war, urged
How the UBC Health Sciences Centre
will look when complete. Components are:
1. Wesbrook Building: 2. George Cunningham Building (Pharmacy); 3. Cunningham Addition: 4. Additions to Medical Blocks A and B; 5. Block C (Pharmacology and Pathology); 6. Block A (Biochemistry and Physiology); 7. Block B
(Anatomy and Cancer Research); 8. John
Barfoot Macdonald Building (Dentistry);
9. Woodward Biomedical Library and
addition; 10. Woodward Instructional Resources Centre (under construction); 11.
Hospital (to be built); 12. Psychiatry and
Neurological Research; 13. Psychiatry
a survey by experts and in 1946 the
campus was visited by some of the
foremost medical educators in the
world—such as Dr. Allan Gregg,
Director of the Rockefeller Foundation, Dr. Wilder Penfield of McGill,
Professor Ray Farquharson of the
University of Toronto, President G.
E. Hall of Western Ontario and
several deans of top American medical faculties. Long range policy
agreed by governors, senate and the
alumni association included a university hospital, with the use of existing community hospitals in the meantime.
In 1951, two years after UBC's
medical school opened in huts, an
acrimonious debate in senate resulted in a pointed confirmation of
the originally agreed policy. This
long range objective remained only
a dream until a dynamic dean of
medicine in the person of Dr. J. F.
McCreary, in 1959, undertook the
administration of the rapidly expanding faculty. With the active encouragement of early graduates such as
Arthur Lord, Jack Clyne and Chancellor Sherwood Lett and Phyllis
Ross,  and chairmen of the board such as Nathan Nemetz and Walter
Koerner, the new dean's program
gathered momentum. To help in the
planning he recruited Lloyd Detwiller, former commissioner for the
hospitalization tax in B.C., and a task
force was set up in the former agricultural engineering building which was
plunked down in the middle of the
40-acre plot originally reserved for
the hospital by President Wesbrook.
About this time an amazing scene
took place just as a session of the
provincial legislature was about to
prorogue. Every hand was ready to
empty wastebaskets of paper into
the air when suddenly up stood
George Hobbs, the six-foot five-inch
locomotive driver from Revelstoke.
He roared at the members that he
did not care how anxious they were
to get home, he had brought his lunch
pail and was determined to hold the
floor until the members voted for a
university hospital on the UBC campus! The legislators were thunderstruck and heatedly called on the
deputy speaker for "order." They
had not reckoned with the former
Scottish medical student Alex Matthew in the chair, who, with Ray
Perrault, cheered on the stately
Hobbs. Within minutes the members
of the legislature endorsed Hobbs'
hospital and jubilantly closed up
Upon this well set stage came another would-be medical student, P.
A. Woodward, whose father had "cut
him off" for going to McGill with a
trainload of his friends before World
War I. Now, with his only child dead
of cancer, "Puggy" Woodward took
on the greatest challenge of his career
to initiate the building of a Health
Sciences Centre. He challenged the
federal government to match a multi-
million dollar contribution, that total
to be put up for matching by the provincial government, hopefully. Dean
McCreary approached the Hon.
Judy LaMarsh with his challenge. In
the wisest decision of her career she
recommended to Prime Minister
Pearson that a fund of half a billion
dollars be paid out over a 15 year
period to universities establishing
health science centres.
The Leverhulme Trust of London,
the Rockefeller Foundation and the
Markle Foundation of New York
came in with support—thanks to the
friendly feelings for UBC generated
during visits to the campus years previously by Sir Miles Clifford, by Dr.
Allan Gregg and his deputy Dr.
Robert Morison, and by John Russell, the pater familias for two generations of Markle Fellows and, most
importantly, an admirer of his fellow
Maritimer, Larry MacKenzie. The
Nuffield Foundation and the Wellcome Trust in the United Kingdom
made handsome gifts to the program
and the Health Science Centre dream
started to become a reality.
The recent developments are well
known to all alumni, the chief being
the opening of the Woodward Biomedical Library, and the construction, still in progress, of the even
larger Woodward Instructional Resources Centre, together with the
opening of the 60-bed psychiatric
unit at Wesbrook Crescent and Agronomy Road.
Thus is Dr. Helmcken's hope of a
teaching hospital being realized, in
this centennial year. D
Dr. W. C. Gibson, BA'33, MSc(McGill), DPhil(Oxford), MD, CM(Mc-
Gill), is UBC head and professor of
the history of medicine and science.
Join This
Select Group....
Donate to the
UBC Alumni Fund
6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
engine    f£#£/ft7/
The soothing oil
Castrol Oils (Canada) Limited
31 Remember the
Good Times?
Remember the good times you had as a
student at UBC? Well, come on out to
Reunion Days 71 and renew acquaintance
with former classmates and relive those
good times ...
Class Reunions
Saturday, October 30,1971, is your
nostalgia day as reunions will be held
then for the classes of:
'61 ..
Golf Tournaments
For sporting buffs there will be golf
tournaments at the University Golf
Course with lots of prizes ...
Ladies' tournament —
Friday, October 15, 1971
Men's tournament —
Friday, October 29, 1971
Foursomes or singles are both welcome.
Tournament application forms should
be obtained from the alumni office.
For Reunion Days 71 information call or
write UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313).
Reunion Days 71
Survey Results May
Affect Alumni Policy
don't look now, but you soon may be
among the "chosen few"—chosen few alumni, that is.
The chosen few will be asked to complete a questionnaire giving their views on
the alumni association, UBC and higher
About 5,000 alumni all over the world
will be selected at random to receive the
questionnaire, which is expected to be
mailed early this fall. The questionnaire
material will contain an outline describing the purpose of the survey. The reply
form will enable alumni to answer the
questions without giving their names and
to return it postage paid.
The intention of the survey is to discover how much alumni know about the
work of their alumni association and of
their university, and also to learn their
attitudes to the association and to the university. Future alumni association programs and policies will be developed on
the basis of what is learned from the
So if you are one of the "chosen few" to
receive a questionnaire, we would appreciate it very much if you would take a few
minutes to fill it out and return it.
Help Wanted by
Awards Committee
if you're an alumnus and interested in
promoting academic excellence at UBC,
then the alumni association has a job for
you! Serving as a member of the alumni
awards and scholarship committee.
The function of the committee is to
examine, on a continuing basis, the alumni association's extensive program of
scholarships, bursaries and awards. The
committee makes recommendations to the
alumni board of management on changes
in the scholarship program. It also has the
responsibility of recommending to the
board names of individuals to be honored by the association with the Award
of Merit and Honorary Life Membership.
The first committee meeting this fall is
expected to be held in late September.
For information, contact the chairman,
Harry White, UBC Alumni Association,
6251 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8,
32 Young Alumni Club
Opens Fall Program
the ever-popular Young Alumni Club
swings in to its fall program at Cecil Green
Park on September 17.
It will feature the now-traditional suds
and socializing informal gatherings, plus
occasional parties with music. Thursday
evenings 8 p.m. to 12 p.m., from October
7 to November 25, will be set aside
for informal drop-in functions with taped
music. Essentially the same pattern will be
followed on Friday evenings, 4 p.m. to
12 p.m., from September 17 to December 3, except for three special functions.
Parties with live music will be held on
September 24, the official opening; October 29, Halloween; and on December 3,
to   celebrate  Christmas.
Course Examines
Options For Women
the center for Continuing Education, in
cooperation with the UBC Alumni Association, is staging a special program for
women at Cecil Green Park this fall.
The program, called "Options for
Women", will be held on six Tuesdays,
beginning September 21, and will run
from 9:30 a.m. to 12 noon. The fee is
Through informed speakers and their
guests, the program will aim to examine
some of the life style choices for women.
Topics discussed will be: return to education, the world of work and careers, community and volunteer committment, public life and politics, and creative family
living. Small groups with group leaders
will make it possible for individual participants to relate lecture information to their
own lives and discuss the topics on a personally useful level.
The same program was put on last
year at Cecil Green Park and found to be a
success. Further information can be obtained by phoning the Center for Continuing Education at 228-2181.
Another Top Award
For Alumni Fund
the ubc alumni fund organization has
won a top prize for sustained performance in alumni annual giving in a competition involving similar organizations at
universities throughout the U.S. and
Ian C "Scotty" Malcolm, Fund Director, received the Alumni Giving Incentive
Award for third place in sustained fund
performance at the annual meeting of the
American Alumni Council held in Washington, D.C. on luly 17-22. The award
included a "Mobius Strip" trophy and a
$1,000 cash prize. The awards program,
which also involved prizes for other categories, is financed by the U.S. Steel
The award recognized the contributions
of alumni to the fund over the past three
years. Donations from alumni and friends
of the university have grown during that
period to total a record $288,000 in 1970.
The money is used to support a variety of
university student and faculty programs.
The prize was granted on the basis of
the number of contributors to the fund,
the level of giving, the purposes for which
the funds are raised and evidence of deliberate efforts to sustain and improve all
types of alumni giving at a high level.
"Success in this competition is very encouraging, but we must never forget that
without the generosity of our alumni and
friends of the university we could not
have won this award," said Ken Brawner,
chairman of the 1971 UBC Alumni Fund
campaign. "I like to think that this is strong
evidence for the view that donations to the
fund are being used in ways that greatly
help improve the university as a whole."
The principal officers of the Alumni
Fund are to meet shortly to decide how
the $1,000 prize should be used.
There were 2,100 entries to the competition from fund-raising organizations at
North American universities, with 150 being selected as finalists. UBC was the only
Canadian university to win an award for
fund-raising. Queen's University of Ontario won a certificate of recognition.
This is the second award the UBC Alumni Fund has won this year. In February, the fund won first prize for the excellence of its alumni giving direct mail
material in a competition involving 47
university organizations in northwest U.S.
and   Canada.
Fine quality products from
Export A
33 letters
to the
UBC Bookstore
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Inquiries & Orders by
Phone or Mail invited
"Vancouver's Leading
Business College"
Secretarial   Stenographic
Accounting   Clerk Typist
Day and Night School
Enrol at any time
1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
Footnote on Ted Scott
In your write-up of the thoughts and
life of the Rt. Rev. Edward Walter Scott
(Chronicle, Spring '71), you neglected to
mention the very active part he played in
UBC life. A perusal of publications of
the early 1940's would show you pictures
of Ted Scott of the Big Block Club, the
marathon runner, General Secretary of
the SCM at UBC etc., etc. He was a
friend to all students and a special source
of support to our beleaguered boys and
girls of Japanese race. Even his motorcycle endeared him to the younger people.
Yours for the total picture of the whole
Aingelda Rhodes, BA'44,
North Vancouver, B.C.
Chronicle's report
It is somewhat ironic that the UBC
Alumni Chronicle, edited by the late Dr.
Harry Logan for six years (1953-1959)
with meticulous devotion to detail and
accuracy, should itself be inaccurate in
its report of his death (Spring 1971).
Had reference been made to the issue
of June-July 1953, which published an
announcement of Dr. Logan's appointment as editor, and the issue of Spring,
1959, which reported his retirement as
editor, one might have been spared the
need for this letter.
Harry Logan received his B.A. degree
from McGill University in Montreal in
1908; he did not, as you report, graduate
"from McGill College (Vancouver)". In
the excellent history of UBC, TUUM
EST (1958), of which he was the author,
Harry Logan went to some pains to point
out that McGill College of Vancouver
was started by McGill University in 1906
but never conferred degrees as such; it
was not until McGill College was transformed into UBC in 1916 that the first
degrees were granted.
With reference to Harry Logan's military career, let it be recorded that he
enlisted in the 72nd Seaforth Highlanders
in 1915 but his active military service
was carried out in the Canadian Machine
Gun Corps, an association of which he
was proud throughout his life.
I bring these facts to your attention to
keep the record straight in a publication,
and among the community, to which
Harry Logan gave so much.
Albert A. Tunis,
Brock University,
St. Catharines, Ontario.
Eloquent article
Thank you so much for the current number of the (Chronicle, Spring '71)—especially for the very eloquent and accurate
cover and accompanying article. One
breathes a great sigh of relief to discover
that our Alma Mater is with us in the
battle against Americanization and loss
of our Canadian identity and sovereignty.
We have few other allies.
Vince Venables, BA '50,
North Kamloops, B.C.
Businessmen like
football stars
I have just finished reading Keith Bradbury's excellent article (Chronicle, Spring
'71) on the "International Corporate
Octopus", and feel impelled to make a
comment thereon.
First, I think it should be noted that
the executive officers of major corporations are seldom fat, pig-like men such
as those pictured. Those I know tend to
be exceptionally good-looking, reasonably
athletic, genial, empathetic, and very
persuasive men. with above-average IQ's,
who have reached their present position
by hard work and ability to make the
right play at the right time, just like star
football players. Like football players,
they are enthusiastic professional mercenaries, who exert tremendous effort on behalf   of   their   shareholders. . . .
There is no doubt that, until they reach
their level of incompetence, they do their
job well. Even here in remote B.C. hardly
a day passes without a press report of
the absorption of some independent local
company into a giant conglomerate. There
is no doubt the situation is a serious one.
It is doubtful if Canada is likely to
possess any group of men in political life
who are of a stature to cope with the.
powerful and aggressive executive officers
of international corporations.
On the plus side, however, is the fact
that most of these corporations are American, and that in the United States there
are also many powerful and aggressive
Americans of independent wealth and
good-will who are able and willing to
grapple with the corporations and who
involve themselves in government, and
who through their strength of character
are often able to bolster the morale of
our own politicians, as for example in the
case of the current oil controversy.
We are fortunate that such Americans
exist; and there will be more of them as
the new generation evolves, with its more
humanistic outlook. Perhaps Ralph Nader
is a pioneer in this category.
G. W. Ashworth, BA '26,
West Vancouver, B.C.
34 *" r ' ■ '•  ■ •' •
-•-'•   *-flraSKfjS «*9't*f5*
The Beer from the Motirrtaifis
»» n
•—- - ^JMftiX?"'
^e Beer from the Mountain^,
advartiatoai(i|J8 not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Cplumbia. A mighty man was he - with a mighty thirst to match. His style! Old Style! A great beer big
enough to quench a thirst that was hammered out of heat and fired in the forge. Beer slow-
brewed and naturally aged for good old-fashioned flavour. Old Style: you can't beat it!
Slow-brewed and naturally aged.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia


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