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UBC Alumni Chronicle [1979-09]

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 ^^ ■ UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
3   I
OF ROWING An elegant shape
is very often a reflection
of quality
Cirri nqtoiv
Carrington: a whisky of outstanding quality ^*t|UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Volume 34, Number 3 Autumn 1979
Sheila Ritchie
Generalists in an Age of Specialization
Eleanor Wachtel
In Search of that Elusive Beast,
College Humor
Trevor Lautens
A Particular Kind of Genius
Tim Padmore
The Major Change in B.C. Education
Policy that has given Degree-Granting
Status to a Private College
Murray McMillan
19   NEWS
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, Chair; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46 MA'48,
deputy-chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA'75; Geoff Hancock,
BFA73, MFA'75; Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67;
Murray McMillan; Bel Nemetz, BA'35; George Plant,
BASc'50; Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Nancy Woo, BA'69.
Alumni Media: Vancouver (604) 688-6819
Toronto (416) 781-6957
By special arrangement this issue of the Chronicle carries as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
university administration's campus publication. The
UBC information office has responsibility for the editorial content and production of UBC Reports.
ISSN 0041-4999
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered. BUSINESS AND
EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8, (604J-228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni
Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are
available at $3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES:
Send new address with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8.
Return Requested.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 4311 I
Member, Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
Indexed in Canadian Education Index
When Simon Fraser University
meet the UBC Thunderbirds
in the United Way Charity Game
Friday, October 19,1979,
8 pm at Empire Stadium.
UBC will be defending the trophy won
last year. Net proceeds from the game
are donated to the United Way
Campaign. The 1978 game drew 12,000
fans and realized $35,000 for the United
Tickets: $6, $4 and $3 (students) from
the Vancouver Ticket Centre.
(A special student rate of $2 available only through school
and campus sales.)
UBC supporters have seats on the west
side of the stadium and SFU on the east.
Come early and attend the
6 to 7:30 pm, Sports Hall of Fame, B.C.
Building, PNE grounds.
The Dogwood Room will be serving dinner
cafeteria style, so plan to bring the whole
family. For reservations call the alumni office,
228-3313.... Come, give a cheer...
Canadian college football
at its best... The Agony
and the Ecstasy
of Rowing
Sheila Ritchie
"Friday evening, July 30, 1954 was a
proud moment for Vancouver; athletes of 24
countries marched into Empire Stadium to
open the British Empire and
Commonwealth Games.... What thrills the
next few days provided. On Chilliwack's
Vedder Canal, the untried UBC boat upset
mighty England in the 8-oared event. This
was the beginning of a decade of growing
rowing achievement."
—CBC Sports—
N' estled comfortably in the protective
lap of Stanley Park's Coal Harbor,
the Vancouver Rowing Club (Vancouver's oldest athletic organization; established in 1886) was the early training
ground for UBC oarsmen. There, with
borrowed VRC equipment, training facility and coach Frank Read (a VRC international rower), an inexperienced yet grizzly
bunch of rowers delivered their oars to the
chilling harbor waters. The next 10 years
— the Frank Read era from 1950 to 1960
— saw the development of fledgling
oarsmen into top-flight UBC crews. And
to extend the progress beyond the collegiate season in April, Read mobilized
the famous VRC-UBC combination, a
pooling of collective rowing power, establishing a string of international victories to
include three gold and four silver medals.
It seems somewhat ironic that UBC
rowers, by tradition, have never been
athletes. Many came from limited aquatic
programs in the interior regions of the
province and some couldn't even swim. "I
never saw a crew from UBC with winning
: *-?.-
imf -.
££& potential" comments Read. "Most boys
came out for crew when they found they
couldn't make any other team. I had a
group of boys whom I helped and guided.
They showed up and did the work."
The team's successful reputation began
to attract a horde of aspiring oarsmen to
the daily practices. The grueling fitness
program — Frank Read's McDonald's
Abdominals, soon renamed McDonald's
Abominabies — was a series of 16 strenuous, gut-wrenching calisthenics which
discouraged all but the most dedicated.
Four sets of 40 squat jumps, arms fully
extended above the head, with a total of
one minute's rest has to this day, become a
practised ritual.
"For land training we used one corner
of War Memorial Gym," recalls Lyle
Gately, BEd '68, MA'71. "And because
the sweat used to peel the varnish off the
gym floor, it had to be refinished every
year. Worse than that was the muscle
soreness. We couldn't walk downhill
without collapsing and one week later we
were still walking backwards."
Training twice daily year-round on the
water was even more rigorous. The junior
and varsity crews assembled promptly at
5:30 a.m. in VRC's dark, damp changing
room where the Stanfield longjohns, stiff
from salt and sweat, hung like boards and
the incoming tide used to rise above the
narrowly-spaced flooring.
After lighting a coal stove to warm the
water supply for after-practice showers,
the coxswain directed the team to the drying room to manoeuvre the shell, a reluctant 16 foot centipede, to the water's edge.
"Above heads — Up — Inside grips —
Over and down — One foot in — And
away — Number off from the bow when
ready — Sit up — Ready — Row."
A morning weekday row to Second
Narrows Bridge was typical. The punishing 36 strokes per minute at periods from
one to five minutes were interrupted only
by the leisurely flick of Read's cigar ash as
he followed behind in the coach boat.
"On weekends we never knew how far
he would push us," recalls John Cartmel,
BPE '66. "The point of no return was
Second Narrows Bridge. When Frank finally said 'easy all', we were grateful. But
looking around, we found ourselves 50
feet from Port Moody's beach — a total 36
mile row."
The final touch to every workout was
the 2,000 metre race (the standard distance for all men's events) from the CPR
dock past the memorized landmarks — oil
barges, pilings, the Royal Vancouver
Yacht Club. Then the wheezing cry of
"Taconite" (a yacht moored 20 strokes
from the clubhouse) echoed across the
harbour and ushered in an exhausted
Weather was never a problem; that is,
practices were never cancelled because of
it. Flimsy singlets and shorts were often
mean targets for cold, unrelenting winds
and pelting hail and rain.
Don Arnold, BPE '62, remembers
breaking a skiff of ice to clear the the shell
past Coal Harbour. And for Lyle Gately,
the memory remains clear. "From the
bow of the longboat, looking down the
backs of the men, bent and rasping over
their oars from fatigue, I can still see the
steam rising as the snow falls. It was a
built-in sauna right in the heart of an
On good days the crew witnessed a
priceless scene of splendid sunrise colors
— golden yellow and blazing red, Canada
geese honking in flight, inviting brewery
smells wafting over the water and the
changing energy level of a city coming
While few oarsmen enjoyed the hardships weather provided, many still reminisce about the beautiful memories of
the 8-oared boat. To them it was the
epitome of the sport and, if not the only
event (others include single, double and
4-oared events), it was certainly the one in
which UBC specialized.
"The cohesiveness and aesthetic feeling
of 8 men swinging through the full span
together, lifting the boat out of the water
and flying was magnificent," notes Bill
McKerlich, BEd'60. "People talk about
highs today. As far as I'm concerned,
nothing has ever compared to the feeling
of being in that boat."
Phil Webber, BCom'68, LLB'69, a
later rower, agrees. "It's the total togetherness with nature and and the feeling
of eight guys getting it on with 250 strokes
over 2,000 metres; a symphony of wood,
water and humanity and a harmonic sense
of the physical surroundings with mind
and soul."
The mastery of such an intricate skill
requires the perfect orchestration of every
instrument — blade catch, pull and recovery — a cloning of every oar's movement in time to a finely tuned machine.
The frustration of coordinating all oars
with the shell's precarious balance and
■ ■ ■ ■• i$ maximizing the run of the boat (space between the last stroke and the new one) was
borne out by miles of fatigue and mental
and physical preparation. One-eighth
inch mahogany shells the consistency of a
match box occasionally broke in half or
were swamped by the wake of passing
tugboats which chugged toward the
bridge. With half the crew bailing and the
remainder rowing, power took a back seat
to survival. And infrequent capsizes,
though short-lived, were long remembered.
When backside blisters the size of
strawberries chafe against wet, salted
shorts, blood poisoning and staph infection become of major concern. Scraping
oar handles against thighs and knees with
bruised, cut hands (which weren't allowed
to be bandaged) ensures a bloody initiation and certainly slows progress. Rowers
could lose up to 10 pounds in a practice
from dehydration, a condition which
waned an oarsman's energy and upset his
sense of balance in the shell. Through
ineffective handling, an oar might then
"catch a crab" (enter the water at the
wrong angle), orbiting a surprised rower
out ofthe boat.
Don Arnold, stroke of the "Cinderella
4," was part of the championship crew
which set an unofficial world record at the
1956 Olympics in Melbourne. "We did
well due to guts and determination more
than style," he notes with conviction. "After the first 200 metres the pain becomes
unbearable. Legs burn and a numbness
sets in until the 1500 mark. Then it's just a
matter of mind over body to finish the
race. With every crew in such superb
physical condition, the group which wins
has to have the best combination of
technique and attitude."
6  Chronicle/zlwlwmn 1979
Whatever the elements of a winning
crew, the initial success story for UBC
rowers has much to do with coaching.
Many oarsmen believe Frank Read was
ahead of his time as a coach both in
strategies and in the psychology of sport.
If not the instigator, certainly he implemented many techniques before they
became vogue. For example, UBC
coaches are still using binder twine running the length ofthe shell (a quarter-inch
outside the ear) to stop unnecessary
movement of rowers' heads; fatigue barriers and peaking during a performance
are now coaching tool? ofthe trade. Read
once ordered an oarsman to "break that
oar" so that he would apply a proper work
force through the water.
"We'd do anything for Read," laughs
John Cartmel. "That rower broke two
14-pound oars, one right after the other."
Frank Read's philosophy was directed
toward people, not rowers; individual development became more important than
winning, though medals were always
cherished. Adds Read, affectionately, "I
cracked a big whip; I made those boys dig
right down inside and see what was there.
And I think I instilled a desire in many of
them to go after what they wanted in life.
Surely, this is what teaching is all about."
The appeal of rowing seems to go well
beyond the physical skills, the conditioning, fellowship, co-operation and trust in
every crew member for a good result.
David Helliwell, BA'57, regards rowing
"as the best learning experience I ever
had. It made me realize that there are no
limits to what I can do."
"I've applied what I learned in rowing
to every day life," adds George Hungerford, BA '65, LLB '68, an Olympic gold
medalist with pairs partner Roger
Jackson, MPE '67. "To go beyond your
capabilities, to set goals and complete
them successfully, gives a person a real
sense of accomplishment."
The gratefulness of many oarsmen for a
lesson well learned is evidenced by the
number of alumni who have been involved in the UBC program since 1960
(when Frank Read retired from coaching). Whether as referees, assistants or
coaches, they continue to contribute their
time and expertise to the success of UBC
Rod Bell-Irving, BSc'73, alumni
oarsman and 1979 men's team coach looks
forward to continuing the UBC tradition.
"UBC offers an excellent, concise and
challenging program in terms of on-land/
in-water training and competitive exposure to other teams," he says proudly.
"And with many practices now at Burnaby Lake, a rated Visa Class "A" course,
we have some exceptional training opportunities."
On-land sessions from October to the
end of April include strenuous weight
exercises, distance runs averaging 40
miles per week and exhausting rows on
weekends at the lake. In April crews row
twice each day — 16 kilometres in the
morning and 20 kilometres in the evening.
Both types of training emphasize a pacing,
rhythm, speedwork and endurance exerting fully over periods up to six and one-
half minutes (the estimated race time for
the 8-oared event).
"It's difficult to communicate an understanding of what the dedication is all
about," notes Bell-Irving. "The only consideration is total commitment to the
sport in order to rise to such a level of
expertise. While most athletes peak in
their early twenties, oarsmen don't mature until their late twenties or early thirties — after thousands of miles of rowing
experience. Traditionally, rowers are
graduates, are working and/or are married
by this time. These responsibilities can be
very distracting. While this might apply
to other sports, I can't see a majority of
alumni athletes committing themselves to
the same kind of training routine."
John Richardson, LLB '71, 34-year old
stroke of the 1980 Pan Am Games VRC-
UBC crew is a case in point. Rowing since 1963, he is somewhat "addicted to the
sport" because of its challenge and comradeship. However, he recognizes that the
training and self-discipline are brutal and
because of family commitments considers
1980 to be his last year.
As usual the sacrifice, dedication and
punishment have paid off again in recent
months. UBC and VRC-UBC crews
proved that they can compete on equal
terms with some ofthe top American rowing artillery. At the Nile Regatta last December, the UBC Invitational in March,
the San Diego Crew Classic in April and
the Pan Am Games in July the oarsmen
collected an enviable number of medals.
At the Canadian Championships in
Welland, Ontario, the Canadian Henley
in St. Catharine's (the biggest club regatta
in the world), and the World Championships in Bled, Yugoslavia later this year
they are considered among the top contenders.
But regardless ofthe power ofthe 1979
team (averaging over 6 feet and 200
pounds), coach Bell-Irving intends to
stalk campus during registration to recruit
the biggest and tallest rowing potential he
can find.
"Given that a taller athlete has an appropriate attitude, which isn't always the
case, his stroke (the length with which he
can put the blade into the water) will be
longer. That's not to say a comparatively
shorter man can't make a boat," he points
out. "But, in most cases, that's a faster
Since 1972, the national team has consisted of individuals (not club crews)
selected to attend the national training
camp. A majority of these oarsmen continue to be UBC athletes.
John Gjervan, a third-year commerce
student recognizes the advantage of west
coast training and he hopes to be a part of
the 1980 Moscow crew. "I haven't been
rowing very long," comments Gjervan,
"so my ultimate goal is the 1984 Olympics."
To make the national team in an Olympic year, the competition will be fierce.
The University Varsity program, VRC
and Burnaby Lake clubs act as feeders to
the Canadian team and there's no question
that UBC oarsmen have a decided advantage over eastern rowers who hope to be
selected. Adds Bell-Irving, "on paper,
this isn't the university function, but in
reality it's exactly what happens. This
year there will be a migration of rowers to
the west coast and Vancouver will be the
centre of rowing activity for both men and
Established in September 1976, the
UBC women's crew is a dedicated group
whose newly-acquired credits are fast approaching those of the men. Not to be
upstaged by the long established success
of the UBC oarsmen, the women are
goal-criented and, judging from an impressive number of victories since 1976,
deserve to be taken seriously. This year at
the Western Sprints in May at Los Gatos,
California against some of the top-flight
American crews, they became the Western Intercollegiate Rowing champions.
And at the North West Women's Regional
in Seattle, the Junior 8 captured the gold
and the Senior 8 (Varsity shell) squeezed
the silver. (All women's crews race 1,000
metres and are classified as Junior until
they win a Junior event or qualify for the
national team.)
A hard-driving training program
schedules land work five days a week from
September until the end of February.
Calisthenics, jogging and weight work are
routine and weekends are devoted to rows
at Burnaby Lake and Coal Harbour. After
March the twice-daily water workouts
combine long distance rows using interval, fartlek (a variation in heart and stroke
rate) and tempo (overspeed) techniques.
At an early morning practice on Burnaby Lake, coach Glen Battersby, BASc
'71, corrects technique as the crew paces
through a fatiguing 16 kilometres (eight
lengths ofthe lake).
"That was only 20 strokes per minute,"
barks Battersby from the coach boat after
looking at his stop watch. "Take it up to
As the shell turns for a repeat performance, every rower checks her heart rate
to ensure that the aerobic training is on
target. At this endurance workout athletes
push themselves at 70 to 80 percent effort
for one and one-half hours and try to
maintain a heart rate between 140 and 160
beats per minute.
Battersby cautions one of the rowers.
"You're working too hard at 170. Knock
your power by 10 percent."
With six novice rowers in the Varsity
8-boat, Battersby boasts the best Junior
collegiate women's crew in Canada and
"probably the best Senior 8." The rowers
in this shell average 160 pounds and are
six feet tall, many with as little as 13 percent body fat. Tall, lean and lightly muscled, they project grace and femininity.
Inside the shell, their unfaltering rhythm
is maintained by an efficient and powerfully coordinated effort.
"That's right," prompts Battersby.
"Fin:ish off the stroke. Work the handle
round and take it to the tape. Use those
legs now. Don't slip the clutch."
His pride in an relatively inexperienced
crew is obvious. He predicts that "women':; rowing will be one of the most competitive sports UBC has ever seen."
Cathy Girvan, a third-year physical
education student, believes there's a
strong future in rowing for many of her
team mates. "The basic motor mechanics
can be mastered in a month," she says.
"But the finesse of the sport takes years to
develop. We all have aspirations for 1980
and our goals go well beyond the collegiate
regattas we row in."
Adds team captain Diana Harris, in
fifth-year education, "the beauty of a team
sport like rowing is that there are no stars
in an eight. The final outcome depends on
the efforts of a cooperative crew. And it's
nice to know that when I graduate, I can
continue to get in on the action by rowing
for VRC."
The combined VRC-UBC effort has
maintained an enviable standard of excellence in UBC open events and has guaranteed a vital west coast rowing base for the
future. Both groups have a good thing
going. After 25 years, the marriage can
only get better. □
Sheila Ritchie, BPE '72, teaches school
in the winter and writes in the summer. Eleanor Wachtel
-•'esm^m^ip^^^^-.^'-^^si^ .-;_ _:..:
' jfte»
8 Chronicle//l«mmn 7979
What's been characterized as "loitering with intent," provides 24
hour-a-day service, and seldom
wears black? The man from Glad? A post
box? The Wreck Beach Flasher? No, the
answer is campus chaplains.
What's more, none would be shocked
by such a glib description. Contrary to the
prevalent notion of men of the cloth as
fusty, other-worldly figures who preside
over life's serious rituals of birth, marriage
and death, UBC ministers are variously
women, political activists, enthusiastic
scholars, health food aficionados, pinch-
hit plumbers, teachers—people, in short.
However, despite their diversity of interests, ideologies and aptitudes, several
features unite them and set them apart as a
group. All share a concern with value,
display a surprising flexibility, and encourage self-questioning. "The unexamined life is not worth living." Socrates' words echo from the borders of the
The University of British Columbia,
without historical roots entwining church
and college, has adopted an essentially
American model of the separation of
church and state. The university is secular, but accommodates the presence of
church-sponsored clergy at its perimeter.
"Chaplains are on the fringe of the
university—both figuratively and literally," agrees Don Johnson of the Lutheran Campus Centre, a low-lying sprawling
building at 10th Avenue and Wesbrook.
At the University of Western Ontario,
campus clergy are supplied with a suite of
offices; at Simon Fraser University,
they're given a single office; UBC regards
them with benign neglect. "We exist in a
kind of limbo," puns another. To George
Hermanson, BA '64, of the Anglican-
United Church Campus Ministry, "Mar-
ginality means you can ask questions that
no one else can, but it also means that
you're not necessarily heard." Is there a
prophet in the house?
Things used to be even tougher. The
first minister on campus and the longest-
serving chaplain in Canada, John Ross
came to UBC 22 years ago. "Everyone
wanted to know what I was doing here.
Did the church regard the university as an
area to be missionized? Being Presbyterian, I generated the image of Calvin and
the Calvinist ethic; and also as a Presbyte- rian, it was such a small denomination in
the West that I was a nobody, a mouse that
might try to roar." Ross' major role was as
an apologist, trying to justify the place of
religion on campus and more broadly, in a
secular world. Now he finds greater
openness to a variety of viewpoints. "I'm a
translator, a bridge between the university and theology."
The last few years especially have seen
something of a return to the fold. Along
with today's neo-conservatism is a greater
acceptance of establishment institutions
like the church. Where a decade ago a
solitary undergraduate might attend the
Lutheran Sunday service, today the 90-
seat chapel is jammed and a double service
planned. Yet few chaplains are heartened
by increased attendance alone. Religion
has become privatized; for many, it is
enough to attend services without any
further involvement.
"This return to religion, a turn towards
dogmatism is a passing error," notes
Rabbi Daniel Siegel. "I'm not so excited
when a lot of kids become Orthodox."
Siegel, Hermanson, and Johnson are unrepentant children of the '60s. Social activism was a vehicle—often ahead of or
impatient with its time—for expressing
concern about others, a consciousness of
world problems. But even Neil Kelly of
St. Mark's College, a gentle, older presence, acknowledges that today's students
are looking for an established orthodoxy
with everything settled, "an active
spiritual life in a narrow sense. They see
the priest as one whose job is to put things
in place definitively, though I never did."
Ross too finds a greater pragmatism
nowadays. Personal politics (of dating and
marriage) have replaced more metaphysical questions. He's not displeased when a
student barges into his office, flops into
the big easy chair, and demands, "What is
life all about?" Without hesitation, Ross
replies, "It's about students who come
into my office and ask what life is about.
We offer process, continuing discussion,
not final answers."
Chaplains see as their constituency not
just students, but the whole university—
faculty, staff, and interested members of
the community. "When Margaret Fulton,
MA'60, (former dean of women, now
president of Mount St. Vincent College in
Halifax) first came to UBC, she found it so
challenging," describes Bernice Gerard,
BA'62, MA'67, of the Pentecostal As
semblies of Canada, "we used to meet
regularly and pray together." Geraldine
Fordyce, MSW'73, works with Gerard as
executive secretary of the Pentecostal
UBC chaplaincy.
Campus ministries are accessible to
inter-denominational and non-
denominational clientele. "We are not
here to protect the faith of the students,"
emphasizes Hermanson. And while once
they may have been perceived as a kind of
refuge for the lonely undergrad, a home
away from home, by the late '60s there
was a shift in focus and the university
itself was being called to a proper vocation. To varying degrees, chaplains still
view that as part of their role: raising questions. Last spring a seminar on bioethics
was held; this winter there will be an international conference on theological process and the aesthetics of Alfred North
Whitehead. Ross is currently completing
a book on theology and technology.
Formal counselling occupies a relatively minor place in the chaplain's repertoire. Here the problems raised by students are the same as ever: disorientation
on a large, anonymous campus; the crises
of unwanted pregnancy, drug reaction or
suicidal depression; concern with career
choice—finding a job that will be meaningful; questions about personal relationships, although "marriage counselling" is
now frequently for couples just living together, and questions of religious
identity—brought by people who feel a
sense of religion but aren't comfortable or
sufficiently familiar with the faith of their
family. Some have experienced religious
involvement—evangelical movements—
but need a "mainline church" to make
sense of it for them, to add substance.
More of the counselling occurs informally, in conversation, simply because
the ministers make themselves available.
And that is important because many cannot frame their questions. Siegel observes
that frequently students' most basic problem goes completely unrecognized by
them: their shallowness, "a narrowness
which is a reflection ofthe times." If they
articulate an interest in student rights,
Hermanson points out that it is simply an
expression of consumer rights, students
acting as an interest group without any
wider vision. The approach is to blend
comfort and advice with searching questioning, to encourage thought.
The chaplains don't deny the students'
concerns—they are real and often deep. A
certain hopelessness, a despair about the
future is discerned. It's a frustration that
leads to destructiveness and a packed pub
every night of the week. So recreation
alternatives are provided by all chaplaincies and their student-run clubs. The
Lutheran Campus Centre, St. Mark's College (Newman Centre), and Hillel provide
a physical arena for social activities,
speakers, small libraries, snacks, and so
on. Student Union Building is utilized for
group activities, and for coffee-cup counselling.
On such a large campus, where faculty
in a single department may barely know
each other, the impact of a chaplain may
be hard to measure. (Don Johnson would
like to see the campus carved into imaginary sections that each chaplain would
then concentrate on to make contacts.)
Operating in a multiplicity of roles,
often their influence is conveyed diffusely. Ernest Runions is also principal of
the Baptist residential college, Carey Hall;
John Ross is also dean of residence at St.
Andrew's Hall. With two pipe wrenches
lying on a table beside Ten Faces of the
Universe in Ross' office, there's an attempt
to integrate the physical, social and
In an age of increasing specialization,
the chaplain is a generalist: neither counsellor nor teacher, clergyman nor administrator, but all. "I think of myself as a
professional human being," states Rev.
Ross. In a time of frenzied activity, jogging escapism, the chaplain simply is. "I
spend my time being," Father Kelly adds.
"A spiritual lifestyle," concurs Rabbi
Siegel, "means that you get a huge amount
of satisfaction just from being rather than
doing." No wonder they're an enigma to
the rest of us. Chaplains are free spirits,
the exact opposite of the stereotypic
"church-man." They straddle artificially
raised borders and disciplines.
If the university matrix is indeed the
primary value-creating mechanism in society today—leaders in politics, science
and arts, are shaped here—the chaplain's
role can hardly be bounded. Gene Kelly
aside, about the only thing a chaplain
doesn't have to display an aptitude for
these days is tap-dancing. □
Eleanor Wachtel is a Vancouver freelance
writer and broadcaster.
Chronicle/Autumn 1979  9 The Last Laugh
Intrepid explorer
Trevor Lautens
invades a jungle
of old Gbysseys
in search of
that elusive beast,
College Humor.
First: What, then, is humor?
We pause for a jillion years' reflection. Reptilian man drowning in the
mud of the oozozoic age seizes a twig.
"Clutching at straws," hoots a fellow reptilian man, slapping where his knee will
eventually form and becoming the first
humorist. Maurice Baring (unjustly neglected English novelist) recalling a visitor
to the family home who "made jokes so
quietly that you overheard them rather
than heard them" and who, after going
duck hunting, was asked if he had shot
any: "Not even a mallard imaginaire" was
his answer, to the uproarious delight of
.04 per cent of mankind, or fewer if including university graduates. The Two
Ronnies: "A woman streaker ran through
a nightclub in Leeds last night, until she
was seized by the bouncers." Oscar
Wilde: "Forgive your enemies, nothing
annoys them so much." Erica Jong: "The
world is a predatory place. Eat faster!"
Jack Benny. Erma Bombeck. Cook and
Moore. Charlie Chaplin. Doonesbury.
Monty Thingummee. Reader's Digest.
Your old mother's one funny line. Father.
Everything that happens — life's chapter-
less, flowing joke. Especially the solemn,
like Walter Scott's:
O what a tangled web we weave
When first we practise to deceive!
—to which J.R. Pope (?-1940) added the
rectitude-cracking coda:
But when we've practised for a
How vastly we improve our style!
These things may, or then again may
not, tickle us. All other distinctions —
Wit, Irony, Satire, Existential Pornography, Proselytizing Vegetarianism,
Politicians — are mere academic conceits,
literally fit only for the study of academics
or, usually with disastrously unfunny results, humorists out of humor.
We have learned nothing. Let us stand
Ah yes, humor, subspecies college
humor. Whither? Whence? Wherefore?
There is an indefatigable human impulse to necrophilia. To mourn the passing of. Men were men then, cloth was
cloth, ice cream and maidens were purer,
Rome isn't the same as it used to be (and,
as someone said, never was). An irony-
monger discovered years ago that even
nostalgia isn't the same as it used to be,
and by the way, why did the world have to
wait for me to remark: Who has a greater
need of change than the nostalgist?
Thus when asked to limn that staple
question of college publications, What
Ever Happened to College Humor? your
limner experienced two simultaneous im-
pluses. One, to organize a search party.
Two, to save a lot of bother and enjoy a
good old deadline-stretcher, one of the
10 Chronicle/Aurumn 1979 few genuine epiphanies of journalism, by
asking someone who has been there.
This unquenchable font could only be
Mr. Allan Fotheringham, husband ofthe
sometime Vancouver Courier columnist
Sallye Delbridge Fotheringham. He, one
felt, could state precisely when the Golden
Age of College Humor, species Ubyssey,
was on its knobbled legs.
Mr. Fotheringham, claiming a 20 per
cent finder's fee, which is still cheap compared with the cost ofthe pith helmets and
insect repellant required for a full-scale
search of The Ubyssey underbrush, made
oath and said:
"The Golden Age of Ubyssey humor
(Pure word magic so far).
"...Himie Koshevoy presumably was
alive during the mother lode. He once
wrote a piece for a 25th anniversary Ubyssey wondering why no giggles any more.
"I did too at some later anniversary
issue under, I think, Mike Hunter." Mr.
Fotheringham then goes on verblessly,
apparently an addition to the humor
catalogue: "Mr. Justice Nathan Nemetz
as sports editor under S. Keate." (The
irreplaceable retired publisher of the Vancouver Sun, J. Stuart Keate, baseball fan
and career Libra).
Tears seem to have smudged what follows: "From what little I know, the Golden Age was just preceding the war and
just after, that being the extended tenure
of [Eric] Nicol as Jabez — the funniest
stuff I have ever read this side of Max
Shulman. There is a memorial plague [sic,
sic, sic!] to Jabez raised by his grateful
contemporaries." (This harmless slip of
the third digit occasioned a typical weak
note from this reporter to Mr. F.: "How
unfortunate that the plague wasn't catching.")
"Little known," Mr. Fotheringham
continues, mentally fondling his 20 per
cent, "is that at the same time, vying for
popularity with Nicol as the supreme
humor columnist, was one Les Bewley."
(As in "Here come de judge," a splendid
example ofthe vanishing whims of humor
that ages unborn will frown at in puzzlement.)
"[Pierre] Berton, a maniac, figures
largely in stunts and things but not so
much written humor, if I am correct.
He composed the infamous pub board
song, suitably obscene, that attracted so
many awe-struck freshettes (and Sandy
Ross) to the pub board.
"The Golden Age was, of course, the
era of Foth (campus chaff) and Chuck
Coon, whose colyum was Up a Tree, if you
can believe it.
"Sandy (who has since done everything
do-able in journalism out of Toronto) introduced the banjo age, about the time of
the folk-singing Kingston Trio. Then
came a clutch of terribly serious, earnest
types" — across whose names we draw a
veil, largely in order to forestall legal action. No one can abide the accusation of
lack of a sense of humor, as S. Leacock
Mr. F. having written the article for me,
I was ready to sink into an overstuffed
chair, let the royalties pour in, and maybe
turn the whole thing into a musical. But,
uncharacteristically, the ancient journalistic impulse to inaction left my curiosity unpiqued. Why go? Because it's rumored to be there. Still I resisted. But
when a department store held a sale of pith
helmets and insect repellant, I saw the
hand of God in it.
Thus armed with the rich trove of Mr.
F.'s recollections, I have swacked my way
clear back to 1917 when the avatar of The
Ubyssey first appeared. This progenitor
was quaintly called The Ubicee. (Though
even it — Vol. 1, No. 3 — had ancestors.
Vol. 1, No. 1 in the year 1916 was called
Anon. Its successor the following January
was entitled Anonymous. With parentage
like that, we see little defence to the perennial charge that The Ubyssey has always
been run by a bunch of bastards.)
The editor of The Ubicee was CP.
Munday, Arts '18, and under his suzerainty the first identifiable shard of campus humor in these parts appeared. It
bears the pseudonym Mordax Cynicus,
and its title is The Awts Dawnse, or The
Sophistication of a Freshman. Harken to
the words that began the wealthy tradition
of humor at UBC: "I was just going up
stairs when Dink appeared, clapped me
on the back, and exclaimed: 'Well, Al, old
boy, are you going to the Awts Dawnse
We are not, perhaps, amused, or expecting to be. Maybe it's the ethnic
humor. But we shouldn't be surprised.
Yardsticks don't come long enough to
measure even the distance between the
Aliens — Fred and Woody — and already
some aficionados are muttering that the
latter's Golden Age has been sold off. And
at around $300 an ounce, why not. Fresh
into our explorations, we have already
found that humor is the Baked Alaska of
writing. Don't expect it to keep till tomorrow. But give Mr. Cynicus his due. He
amused, he momentarily relieved pain
(what higher good can the cap-and-bells
man aspire to?), and I think I will steal his
line, "I graduated at the head of my class
(the other student failed)." Still, nothing
in that seminal issue seemed quite as
whimsical as the ad for suits at $25 from
Tom the Tailor.
By 1919 humor's cracked chalice was
borne by a column first called Deer Jane
— Joe, then Deer Mertel — Joe, using the
time-stained gimmick of an illiterate's letter to his lady love. (A hilarious variation,
by the way, was Allen Coren's purported
letters from Idi Amin in Punch magazine a
few years ago, which ceased about the
time that Amin became too murderous for
laughs. Yet one would hesitate to look
back even that short time lest the fun has
vanished, the knee goes unslapped.)
In the early 1920s the funny stuff ran in
ChroniddAutumn 1979   11 an items column called Muck-a-Muck.
Example: "Advice to Freshmen: Feed
your baby sister garlic so you can find her
in the dark." Uh-huh. This column lived
on under the rubric Straw from the
Stacks. By 1925 it had shrivelled in the
guise of More or Less Jokes. A year later it
sank with the ashamed alias Kampus
In the late 1920s it insisted on resurrecting under the tag Muck-a-Muck again.
Coleman: "Aren't you wild about bathing
beauties?" Pretty: "I don't know, I never
bathed one." Yuk, yuk.
A goon issue was produced in 1930 with
the title The Doyussey. It had all the typographical trick and in-jokes of the breed,
doubtless mirth-provoking at the time.
We remained unmoved. So, apparently,
was at least one member of the contemporary audience, Prof. F.G.C. Wood,
whose name liveth. Said Freddy in a
critique ofthe paper: "My personal opinion of the Muck Page is that it is an unhappy reflection of the mental in-alertness
of a large portion of the student body.
Much of it is strained, and of the level of
comic strips in the daily paper."
The Muck-a-Muck did not take the
hint. It quite properly went on with its
perishable fun, being no wiser than its
age, or ours. By 1934 it was joined by
another column, Dirt and Digs From the
Campus Garbage Can, which apparently
was given to running sly gossipy jibes,
such as (under What People Are Saying):
"Stu Keate: Nancy has 'Perley' teeth."
Ahhhhaaa! perhaps. Around that time
Nancy Miles wrote a bright, light column
that nevertheless didn't quite qualify as
humor. Nothing as amusing as the photo
ofthe young Alex MacDonald, future attorney general, that ran on the front page
ofthe Nov. 2, 1937 issue.
Something vaguely recognizable as the
modern era (an arbitrary call that I
wouldn't care to defend) began in the late
1930s with the long-run shaggy-dog serial
Chang Suey, the epitome of college humor
of a certain genre, a phrase so stuffy I will
pretend it was written in by the copy
editor. It very likely was amusing. One
can only guess.
Ah, but then, but then, Mr. Fothering-
ham's stained map in hand, we find Eldorado. This is the age so dominated by a
single fine hand that it merits the name the
Age of Jabez.
Jabez was of course Eric Nicol, but the
most ruthless scholarship can turn up only
one Ubyssey story that actually bore that
byline. Possibly it wasn't ruthless enough.
The scholarship, not the story. In any
event, it was as Jabez, author of the column The Mummery, that Mr. Nicol lay
the foundation of his distinguished career
as Canada's premier humorist ofthe day,
three-time winner of the Leacock medal
for humor, playwright, columnist ... but
we are getting stuffy again.
As advertised, it's true that Jabez stimulated his rivals. We were not prepared for
a Les Bewley, for instance, quite as light-
heartedly amusing as he was. (Nor for a
column by Pat Keatley, long-time writer
for London's Guardian and a familiar
voice from London on CBC radio, under
the curious title of Eating Fruit Salad.)
These Ubysseys ofthe early 1940s, before and around the time the war hotted
Make it a reality have a
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12  ChronicleMummn /979
up, may be — critics, especially mean,
physical ones, will note the qualification
— the best of all time. Under the editorship of Jack Margeson, the paper looked
more professional by far than for years on
either side of the period. And a number of
its staff, besides Nicol and Keatley, went
on to impressively lose their amateur
status: Lionel Salt, Lister Sinclair, Dorwin Baird, and of course Pierre Berton.
(Boy, did Pierre lose his amateur status.)
But humor ... Jabez ... ah, there was
the Original Tickle. To quote a little
would be like eating peanuts — you
couldn't stop. It moved (the simile may
not impress you) as lightly as one of those
spidery waterbugs across the surface of
college life. There you had not so much
college humor as humor from college.
How quickly Mr. Nicol found his mature
style — or perhaps, he would indignantly
retort, immature style. For it's The Boy in
us that's the basis of humor isn't it? (Or, to
avoid sexism, The Boy That Girls Have in
Them Too.) The top hat and the snowball
and the banana peel. Some forms of writing arc thundering gods on thrones,
others are the last day of the circus, still
others are the stone that must be pushed
up the slope. But of all written devices,
isn't humor the pet frog and polka-dot
kerchief on the end of a stick?
Stay. Stop. Halt. Arretez. We came not
to analyze or dissect; already we have kept
you here too long. We came to worship,
and, here in the mouldering volumes, to
allow ourselves a frou-frou of tenderness
for that brilliant copy of 40 years ago. We
came not only to praise the laugh-maker
but to imagine the laughees, the boys and
girls of laughter of those retreating days.
We came for the communism of human
But it would not do to end our journey
on this gentle, minor key. Life is allegedly
real. Returning from this hallowed
ground, we ran into Mr. Vaughn Palmer,
Ubyssey editor 1972-73 who with crushing
cheerfulness said:
"The Golden Age of Humor? That was
Jim Davies and Allan Doree and Shane
McCune and Ryan Geddes and Paul Knox
and Michael Finlay and Leslie Plommer
and the infamous parody of Easter in the
1959 goon issue and the fake story that
Deep Throat was shown at the faculty
club and the take-off on a government
anti-drug ad campaign showing W.A.C.
Bennett as a pusher.
"Most of it had passed," he added, "by
the time I was there."
Autres temps, autres moeurs. I sat down
and fanned myself with the pith helmet
and drank the insect repellant. D
A bewildering array of UBC degrees and
credit lines can be claimed by those mentioned
in this article, with the possible exception of
Baring, Benny, Chaplin, Doonesbury &
Co....Researcher Lautens, an editor of the
Vancouver Sun, is a former member of the
Chronicle editorial committee. when you'give
him a break;
you may be giving
yourself a bonus.
Employers who hire disabled workers are,
more often than not, in for a big surprise.
All of a sudden, the guy they though^
they were 'giving a break' turns around
and gives them some of the best work
they've ever seen.
Just take a look at the results of a
national survey in which employers rated handicapped workers
compared to able-bodied workers:
Regarding level of production
— 83% of handicapped workers^
were rated the same or better^
Attendance? 88% were the
same or better.
And as to quality of work, 90% were the
same or better.
Best of all, the survey indicated that handicapped workers tend to "stay with the firm"
longer, dramatically reducing the hidden
costs of staff turnover.
Keep these facts in mind the next
time you consider giving a disabled worker 'a break'.
You'll be doing yourself a favour.
For more information, call Dave
Rabson or Mike Cannings at
266-0211 in Vancouver or
contact the rehabilitation consultant in any WCB Area Office.
Chronicle/Autumn 1979   13 George Volkoff:
A Particular Kind of
Tim Padmore
For a bright young physicist, 1936 was
an exciting time. The deepest structure of matter was unfolding and
with the hew understanding came the
promise of new wealth and power for
George Volkoff was 22, the top of his
class at the University of B.C., and he was
off to study nuclear physics in California
with the brilliant Robert Oppenheimer.
In his pocket, his shiny certificate of
Canadian citizenship, behind him, the
turbulence of the revolution that cast him
on Canada's shores, and ahead of him....
Ahead were things no one could
foresee. Nuclear energy would bring victory, and tragedy. It would bring un-
looked for benefits, too, tjyt the peaceful
nuclear plowshare would be stained
forever with the image of Hiroshima. The
young physicist would enjoy success and
revel in the excitement ofthe time. But he
would discover that he would never be a
great physicist. A time would come when
he would stop being a physicist at all — a
time when he realized he could create
monuments of another sort.
George Michael Volkoff retired this
year as dean of science after 45 years of
association with UBC. One evening recently he reminisced with The Chronicle
and shared some thoughts about his
He was born in Rostov in Southern
Russia on the eve of the first world war
and the Revolution. In Moscow, the fighting was all over in the winter of 1917 but in
Rostov, the struggle went on into the early
'20s. Volkoff s childhood was marked by
flights to the basement to escape artillery,
shell fragments in the laundry and backyard gardens to cope with food shortages.
It was a Canadian Pacific Railroad agent
travelling through Russia recruiting
people to settle CPR land on the Prairies
who showed Volkoff s father, an engineering professor and principal of the Rostov
Polytechnic Institute, the way to a haven
for his family. "From the point of view of
the CPR, we were to be farmers. From the
point of view of Russia, we were koman-
dirovka on an official mission — to study
irrigation techniques." The family landed
in Quebec City, made their way to Winnipeg, where "tales of enduring a Winnipeg winter scared even a Russian," and
then on to Vancouver.
Volkoff showed me stamps from the
collection he smuggled, quaking, out of
Russia. His billowing greatcoat also concealed other family treasures, some of
which would be sold later to support the
family in Canada, for the senior Volkoff s
struggle to establish himself as an engineer was unsuccessful.
"We lived mostly on selling mother's
linen and jewelry. I sold newspapers — I
remember calling 'Extry, extry,
Lindbergh Flies the Atlantic. Read all
about it' — and I bought myself a bicycle
and loaned money to my father." Hot
dogs and baseball supplanted the revolution for three years. Then his father gave
up the struggle and took his family to an
academic job in Harbin, Manchuria.
Young Volkoff thrived in the polyglot atmosphere of an American YMCA high
school with White Russian teachers on
Chinese territory.
He graduated first in his class (as usual)
and it was clear to the family that, for
George, the future lay in Canada. UBC
wasn't too sure about the Harbin graduation certificate, even with gold-medal
standing, and wouldn't admit him to engineering but let him into first year arts
and science.
What he wanted was to be an electrical
engineer — but then physicist Gordon
Shrum came along. "He was as colorful as
he is now, big and loud and funny. When I
got 100 per cent in my first mid-term, he
called me over and said, 'Well Volkoff,
what are you going to be studying next
year?'" There wasn't much doubt about
the answer, once Shrum got going, and it
was an influence Volkoff doesn't regret.
Momentous discoveries about the atom
and its nucleus were popping out of the
world's laboratories and electrifying classrooms. "To have participated in the development of nuclear physics was something that happens only once. There was a
time way back when fire was discovered
and this was a second kind of fire."
He took his excitement to California
and rubbed shoulders with men who
would later win Nobel prizes. With Oppenheimer, he developed the theory of
neutron stars, 30 years before they were
discovered pulsing the message of their
superdense hearts in powerful bursts of
radio waves.
Volkoff was scarcely back at UBC, a
professor now, just married to his undergraduate sweetheart, when Shrum got a
cryptic message from Ottawa: Would he
release Volkoff for an important wartime
project? "For the first time in my life I
travelled in a commercial airplane.... We
had to use oxygen masks over the Rockies.
I had no idea why I was going. It was all
highly exciting."
In Montreal, he learned why: To work
on an Allied project to build an atomic
bomb. He was shocked, but it was by the
dimension of what he was going to do, not
by the morality of it. "People have had
qualms by hindsight, but I don't know
anyone who had qualms at the time.
People were working in war conditions
and people were thinking, Who's going to
drop it first?"
Canada's part in the project led by a
long path to the Candu reactor. Volkoff,
14 Chronicle/Aummn /979 George Volkoff s last day in the dean's
chair. On the wall behind him, "my
predecessor, my brother-in-law and my
as head of the theoretical nuclear physics
group at Chalk River, laid a part of the
path through his contributions to the design of the NRX, the country's first
energy producing reactor. Back in Vancouver in 1946, he collected an MBE and
an honorary doctorate from UBC for his
war work: "Since my work was secret,
nobody knew whether it was important or
not, so they had to assume it was important," he laughed.
The joke reflects his self-doubts at the
time. He's frank about it now: "There's a
difference between a good student and a
good scientist.... All through my career I
have been a diligent and successful student, winning scholarships and prizes,
but there are many people on the physics
staff at UBC who are better physicists
than me, and I readily admit it — I
brought some of them here."
He began to succeed at a different kind
of challenge. With Shrum, he built up the
graduate program — the first British Columbia PhD was one of Volkoff s students
— and in 1961 he took over as head of the
physics department, which Shrum had
nurtured from three to 25 faculty members.
That total had doubled when Volkoff
accepted the invitation to take over as
dean of science. "It just sort of fitted very
well. I developed as UBC did." Building
up Chalk River. Building up the university. Building up the $30 million Triumf
nuclear facility. Those were the things, it
emerged, that he had a genius for.
Take Triumf, for example: A long-term
friendship with the chairman of the board
of governors, Nathan Nemetz, was crucial
in getting UBC's go ahead. "Some of the
most important decisions about Triumf
were reached in Nemetz' swimming
pool.... My contribution was that business of building a bridge between the
UBC hierarchy and the scientists."
"Administrative monuments" he calls
these things.
That evening there was another kind of
monument he was just as proud of. A
family of UBC grads: Wife Olga, BA'33,
MA'35, sister of another UBC science
dean, Vladimir Okulitch, daughters
Elizabeth, BA'68, Olga and Alex, BA'71,
and, perhaps a future grad, infant grandson David, entrusted to the grandparents
for the first time that evening.
It's important, said Volkoff, to understand what contributions one can make,
whether they are as modest as a nuclear
accelerator or as magnificent as a new life.D
A lapsed physicist, Tim Padmore, BA'65 §
(PhD, Stanford) writes on science for the o
Vancouver Sun. 3
Chronicle/Awumn /979  15 ■' PIP
'29, '34
'39, '44, '49
'54, '59, '64, '69
Friday, October 26
Classes of '39, '44, '49 & '54
Cocktails: 6:30 p.m.. Commodore Ballroom
Dinner: 7:30 p.m.
Dancing: 9:00 p.m.. $ 17.50/person
Opening Night:  Our Town"
Frederic Wood Theatre, UBC
8:00 p.m.. $4.50 person
Class of'34
Cocktails: 6:30 p.m., UBC Faculty Club
Dinner: 7:30 p.m.
Saturday, October 27
Seminar: "Role of the University"
Frederic Wood Theatre, (JBC
10:00 a.m.- 12 noon
October 26 to 28
Class of '24
Luncheon: 12 noon, Cecil Green Park
Football Game: CJ. of Alberta Golden
Bears vs. UBC Thunderbirds
Thunderbird Stadium
2:00 - 4:30 p.m., $2.00 at the gate
UBC Aquatic Centre
2:00-5:00 p.m.
$ 1.00/adults, $.75/ students,
$.50/seniors & children
Campus Bus Tours, Leaving from
Cecil Green Park at 2:15 p.m., 3:15 p.m.
& 4:15 p.m.
Classes of '39, '44, '49 & '54
Reception: 3:30 - 5:30 p.m.,
Cecil Green Park
Tours of the UBC Museum of
Class of'29
Cocktails: 6:00 p.m., Cecil Green Park
Dinner: 7:30 p.m., $15/person
Speaker:  Dr. Gordon Shrum
"UBC Fifty Years Ago"
Classes of '59, '64 & '69
Cocktails: 6:00 p.m., UBC Faculty Club
Dinner: 7:30 p.m., $17,50/person UBC reports
Published as a supplement to the UBC Alumni Chronicle by Information Services, University of B.C., 2075 Wesbrook Mall,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5. No. 10, Autumn, 1979. Jim Banham
and Judith Walker, editors.
A UBC law teacher
says legislation
dealing with children
needs an overhaul.
See page 6.
A UBC expert describes
the "golden ages" of
children's literature.
See page 12.
^ar of the Child
This issue of UBC Reports, like
past autumn issues which have appeared as an insert in the UBC
Alumni Chronicle, is devoted to a
single subject.
Our topic this year is UBC
research and ideas about children,
who. are in the limelight as a result
of the United Nations declaration
of 1979 as the International Year
of the Child.
Because of space limitations, we
have been able to deal only with a
small fraction of the total number
of projects by UBC faculty
members that bear on the world of
the child.
We have chosen to describe the
research and ideas of faculty
members who represent many
faculties, schools and departments
of the University to indicate that
concern about young people is not
confined to obvious areas such as
education and pediatrics.
Teaching and research on the subject of children is also taking place
in architecture and law.
We hope you enjoy the contents
of this issue. We'll be pleased to
hear from readers who may have
ideas for single-subject issues in the
Blind kids can
look after themselves.
See page 8.
UBC architecture
students have been in
Greece to prepare plans
for Athens playgrounds.
See page 2.
A UBC pediatrician
has spent 20 years
studying babies of
low birth weight.
See page 4. Students give Athens a playground
"To design a playground is to
design spaces for life generally, in
which play opportunities reveal
themselves to the playful."
With that as part of their
philosophy, 20 students from UBC's
School of Architecture set out last
January to change a plaza in
downtown Athens into a playground
and general meeting place for the
The students would have from
January to mid-April to become acquainted with the community, find
out what the residents wanted, design
the playground, get the project plans
approved by various government
bodies, and begin construction. That
was a tall order, and project coordinator John Gaitanakis, an assistant professor in Architecture, gave
the project a five per cent chance of
ever being built on the site in Athens.
He needn't have been so pessimistic.
About three days before Mr.
Gaitanakis left Athens in the spring, a
local contractor was chosen by the
government to begin building the
playground and community meeting
The idea for closing off some of the
streets of downtown Athens and
creating playgrounds and pedestrian
plazas   came   from   Mr.   Gaitanakis
some five years ago in a report which
he presented to the Greek government. The Greek ministry of public
works decided to implement his proposal as part of its contribution to the
International Year of the Child. Eventually, 265 streets will be closed to
vehicle traffic to create play areas for
But in the 100 days which the UBC
students had in Greece, they could only realistically tackle turning one area
into a successful playground and community place.
Credit course
There was little time for sightseeing
at first for the students, who would
receive half of their year's academic
credits for the project.
"It was six weeks before they even
got to the Acropolis, although we lived
next door to it," said John Gaitanakis
who, along with Ron Walkey, was one
of the two faculty members who accompanied the students. "It was that
intensive. We went through the whole
project telescoping into six weeks what
sometimes takes years."
The first two weeks of the adventure
was spent totally immersing the
students in the history and culture of
Athens and its three-and-a-half
million people. Seminars were set up
with local historians and social scientists so that the students would have
some idea of how the Greek society
worked before they attempted to
create a new area.
Then came door-to-door interviews,
accomplished through a translator,
with the people in the neighborhood
to find out what their concerns were
and what they wanted in a
neighborhood area. The residents'
concerns, they discovered, were different from the concerns of the
shopkeepers, the latter being worried
about the effect on their businesses of
closing the surrounding streets to
vehicular traffic. Loading, service and
garbage collection were also problem
issues to the shopkeepers, just as they
would be at home in Canada.
The square chosen for renovation
was, in fact, a multi-purpose area.
With a major Athenian church abutting one end of the plaza, it had to be
not only a playground, but also a
place to worship, to sit in the sun and
watch passers-by, a place to meet
friends —in short, a place for all ages.
After   the   design   stage   for   the
Continued on page 14
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The children of Athens play in car-
choked streets, left, because the
built-up central part of the city lacks
playgrounds. From January to mid-
April this year, 20 students from
UBC's School of Architecture were
in the Greek city preparing plans for
changing a plaza, pictured at right,
into a playground and general
meeting place. Artist's sketch above
shows the plaza as it will appear
after work, now underway, is completed. Plan involves closing off
street shown in picture at right.
UBC Reports/3 UBC study of low birth weight
babies yields exciting results
A 20-year study of babies of low
birth weight by a University of B.C.
medical research team is yielding
some exciting results that will enable
doctors to predict the problems which
many of these children will encounter
later in life.
This is one of the important results
to emerge from the study which has
preoccupied its principal, Dr. Henry
Dunn, professor of pediatrics in UBC's
Faculty of Medicine, since 1959.
Some 30 medical and other experts,
including medical research associates,
psychologists, neurologists, eye
specialists, educational and
audiological consultants, a succession
of nurse-co-ordinators, computer
analysts and electroencephal-
ographers, have been involved in the
project, which has been supported by
research grants from the Department
of National Health and Welfare.
The project is yielding new insights
into the difficulties of low birth-weight
children and confirming results
reported by research teams elsewhere.
"It's been known for some time,"
Dr. Dunn said, "that children of low
birth weight, both prematures and
those born at term, have a higher incidence of neurological defects than
those born with normal birth weight.
Major defects
"The low birth weight children have
a higher prevalence of mental retardation, cerebral palsy and epilepsy and
many also have major defects of
speech, hearing and eyesight."
When Dr. Dunn talks about babies
of low birth weight he means a child
who at birth weighs less than 5V£
pounds or 2,500 grams, which corresponds to an official international
The UBC study dealt with 500
babies born at the Vancouver General
Hospital between 1959 and 1965 who
weighed less than 4\i pounds or 2,040
grams at birth. For purposes of comparison the research team also
followed the progress of 200 children
of normal birth weight who were born
at VGH during the same period.
The children in both groups were
given an intensive series of neurological, pediatric and psychological examinations at regular intervals from
birth to the age of 6V6 when all had
reached school age. The children's
development was correlated with data
extracted from a socio-economic questionnaire.
By 1972, 6V6 years after the last
child had been taken into the study,
the research team had collected an
enormous amount of data which had
been stored in UBC's computer. There
were more than 40 IBM cards full of
information on each child.
As the researchers expected, they
weren't able to follow the development
of every child. In the low birth-weight
group, 82 children or 16 per cent of
the 500 babies, died in the first few
weeks of life. (By contrast, only one
child in the normal birth-weight
group died.)
There was further attrition in both
groups because many moved to other
parts of the continent, although the
research team did manage to track
some of them down. Another factor
that affected the numbers in the normal birth-weight group was the fact
that some parents lost interest in the
study because their children were progressing normally.
In the final analysis, the research
team was able to follow 335, or 80 per
cent of the survivors of low birth
weight, and 139, or 70 per cent of the
children with normal birth weight.
In the group of 335 low birth-
weight children the researchers found
that 140, or 42 per cent, developed
one or more neurological problems. In
all, the 140 children exhibited 180
One of the interesting findings of
the study was that the commonest problem encountered among 61, or 18
per cent, of the low birth-weight
children, was a controversial entity
known as "minimal brain dysfunction," or MBD for short. This proved
to be more common than the severe
defects recorded by researchers in the
past, such as mental retardation
(found in 30), cerebral palsy (in 27),
major visual defects (in 15), hearing
loss (in 12) and epilepsy (in 11).
MBD, Dr. Dunn explains, rests on
the concept that the brain has four
main spheres of function — motor activity, sensory perception, intelligence
and electrical activity. In the severest
cases, a child with motor problems
would have cerebral palsy; one with
sensory problems might be blind or
deaf; a child with intellectual deficits
would be mentally retarded; and one
with problems in the electrical sphere
would be epileptic. In particularly
severe cases, a child would have more
than one of these deficiencies.
"The MBD concept is that children
have minor abnormalities in one or
more of these areas," Dr. Dunn said.
"A child with a mild motor abnormality would be clumsy, one with sensory problems might be unable to
draw because he or she can't
distinguish between, say, a diamond
and a square, a child with intellectual
difficulties would show some learning
disability, and one with problems in
the electrical sphere might have abnormal brain wave patterns but no
epileptic seizures."
Under attack
The concept of minimal brain
dysfunction is now under attack by
critics who claim that MBD symptoms
are simply a grab bag of items that explain everything and nothing. Researchers, the critics say, have to be
more specific about what is wrong
with a child who is hyperactive or has
a brief attention span or who exhibits
clumsiness, poor hearing or speech
"One of our major efforts at the
moment," Dr. Dunn said, "is to perform a sub-analysis of the 61 MBD
children of low birth weight to determine what symptoms of MBD each exhibits. Here we run into a lot of
overlapping because those who are
clumsy often cannot read well and an
overactive child may exhibit psychological problems such as tantrums." It
has also emerged from the research
group's study that mild forms of
dysfunction can rarely be diagnosed
when the child is under 2V£ years of
age and that the manifestations may
change as children grow older.
"It's not until the child reaches the
age of 4 or even 6V£ years that MBD
becomes the single most important
problem among the low birth-weight
group," Dr. Dunn said. "So it's very
important to observe how MBD symptoms evolve. For instance, a delay in
the development of speech may herald
future MBD."
An important extension of the project was a "daughter study" supervised
by Dr. Dunn between 1974 and 1977
when the low birth weight children
and the normal birth weight controls
had reached the age range of 12 to 15
The research team managed to
recall 40 MBD children and matched
control children of low birth weight
who   had   been   considered   neuro-
4/UBC Reports Two UBC medical students confer with pediatrics professor Henry Dunn in VGH intensive care nursery
logically normal at 6V6 years, as well
as 25 normal birth-weight control subjects, to carry out a series of tests showing how children in each group had
developed. They found that the
earlier neurological problems of the
MBD children had abated considerably, but psychological and
behavioral problems persisted.
"Many had overcome such things as
clumsiness," Dr. Dunn said, "but difficulties in visual perception remained, for instance in copying
shapes. In the behavioral area, there
appeared to be a diminution of
overactivity and tantrums, but these
same children still often had brief attention spans and tended to be impulsive."
The results of the daughter study
suggest that there is a continuing need
to follow the MBD children into
adulthood in order to examine long-
term effects, Dr. Dunn said.
He also believes that the results of
the study will enable the research
team to isolate a battery of the most
important 5 or 6 predictive signs out
of 120 surrounding low birth weight.
"In other words," he said, "we may
be able to say to pediatricians: 'Here
are six signals that you must look for in
a baby of low birth weight to determine whether the child will exhibit
neurological    abnormalities    in    the
"We think we can achieve about 80
per cent accuracy in predicting
whether a specific infant will be
neurologically normal at age 6V6 and
whether he or she will be in the correct
grade by the third year of schooling. I
think the possibility of being able to
predict is the most exciting part of the
At-risk register
Dr. Dunn said the project results
also suggest the need for an "at-risk
register" of newborn infants, which
would include children of low birth
weight who were ill in the Intensive
Care Nursery as well as other
categories, such as those whose
mothers had German measles while
pregnant, and those who had a brain
hemorrhage a birth.
"The establishment of such a
register under government auspices
would enable pediatricians to detect
defects early in the child's life and
follow them intensively. For instance,
children with hearing defects, which
are hard to detect before six months,
could be identified early in life and
steps taken to help them with speech
stimulation and hearing aids. It would
also enable early adjustment by
parents to the child's problems."
The huge amount of data collected
during the study could be a gold mine
for future researchers, Dr. Dunn
believes. "We're only utilizing part of
it to analyze the outcome and to identify the signals that will enable doctors
to predict future abnormalities, and
there are plenty of opportunities for
other experts to use the data we have
amassed," he said.
Some of this kind of research has
already begun, he adds. One of his
colleagues, Dr. Ruth Grunau, is looking at early psychological tests performed on the low birth weight
children in order to correlate these
with the educational problems encountered by the children in school.
Other associates have been interested in feeding patterns among
low birth weight children. "The question lis whether those of low birth
weight who take in a lot of calories in
the first week ultimately do better
than those who are starved because
they are too weak or fragile or cannot
breathe properly early in life," said
Dr. Dunn. "It appears that an under
fed child of low birth weight may suffer brain damage through lack of
UBC Reports/5 UBC Law professor Donald
MacDougall says he can't
understand why B.C. hasn't
moved to implement new
child-protection legislation.
"It's not an area where one
would expect that proposals
would be a matter for partisan politics."
child laws
need an
A UBC law professor says proposals
for a Bill of Rights for children are "a
simplistic solution to a complex problem" which are likely to be ineffective because they ignore the importance of the family in western society.
Prof. Donald MacDougall, a
specialist in family law, says the 1959
United Nations' Declaration of the
Rights of the Child (see box), a cornerstone statement marking the 1979
International Year of the Child, is
really an ideal statement of childhood
which is important as a basic
philosophical position.
The inevitably vague and general
phraseology of the UN declaration
would make it almost unenforceable
legally, Prof. MacDougall believes,
and any meaningful legislation would
impose duties on parents and governments which would have widespread
implications for the complex relationships between the state, the family
and the individual.
"The UN declaration," he adds,
"presupposes that you are treating the
child as an individual, whereas in
western society we assume there will be
a very important relationship between
the child and its parents, who will
guide and direct the child for a considerable period of time."
The family, Prof. MacDougall continues, is under stress. In ideal circumstances it provides a setting for the
individual to reach his or her peak of
personal development and fulfillment.
"But many families fall short of that
ideal," he says. "We all know situations where families are utter failures
and there are many others that need
extensive community support if
they're to function at r satisfactory
level. The crucial question is: 'How
are the children of these families to be
Prof. MacDougall believes that existing Canadian legislation protecting
children and their rights is clearly inadequate and needs a thorough
overhaul to make it more responsive to
contemporary life.
Much of the existing legislation that
affects children can be characterized
as "paternalistic," Prof. MacDougall
says. Moreover, the legislation reflects
adults' concerns rather than the interests of children.
"One very apt comment made in
the report of the B.C. Royal Commission on Family and Children's Law
(the Berger Commission) in the
mid-1970s was that the existing provincial Protection of Children Act fails
to take into account the child's sense
of time.
"The very important decisions affecting children that can be made
under the act are made in a
reasonable period according to the
adult's sense of time, but after a very
considerable delay  in  terms  of the
6/UBC Reports child's sense of time," according to
Prof. MacDougall.
The B.C. royal commission recommended changes in the Protection of
Children Act so that lawyers, social
workers and judges involved in a case
affecting children would have to
observe mandatory time limits
designed to ensure that a child is not
left languishing.
It also recommended that courts
should be able to review placements
made under that act.
The government has not acted on
the recommendations of the B.C.
royal commission. However, a draft
family and child services bill was circulated last year to interested B.C.
groups and individuals. It met with a
"negative response," Prof. MacDougall says.
Since the provincial proposals were
circulated, says Prof. MacDougall, a
provincial election has intervened,
and the fate of the proposed legislation remains uncertain.
Action needed
Prof. MacDougall says he can't
understand why there hasn't been
more action in B.C. to move ahead
with legislation in the child-protection
field. "It's not an area where one
would expect that proposals would be
a matter for partisan politics," he says,
and most Canadian provinces have
made some notable advances in this
area, particularly Ontario, which has
incorporated many of the suggestions
made by the B.C. royal commission
into new legislation.
Another piece of legislation, the
federal Juvenile Delinquents Act,
which hasn't been significantly
changed since 1908, contains many
provisions that don't adequately protect children and is based on the
assumption that the juvenile justice
system would operate on a paternalistic basis, Prof. MacDougall says.
Another federal act which Prof.
MacDougall points to as being adult
oriented is the federal Divorce Act,
under which arrangements for custody
and maintenance of children usually
are determined by adults. "There is a
case to be made for a review of those
arrangements and for the child to be
represented at that time," he says.
Other areas of legislation that need
to be looked at closely, he says, are the
rights of infants to deal with property
as well as contracts of employment.
"Even though the age of majority
has dropped to 19, it's very possible to
find a sharp 17- or 18-year-old who is
quite capable of managing a business
but who would find it difficult to enter
into legal contracts under existing
"And there are increasing opportunities for talented young people to
develop athletic and artistic talents
which require them to sign legal contracts."
Prof. MacDougall believes that
these are areas affecting young people
where "the law is clearly out of touch
with reality."
One of the areas that most concerns
Prof. MacDougall is that of child
The provincial Protection of
Children Act requires an individual
who becomes aware of abuse to report
Ten basic
rights of
child listed
Here are the 10 basic rights of
the child proclaimed by the
United Nations for the International Year of the Child.
1. The right to affection, love
and understanding.
2. The right to adequate
nutrition and medical care.
3. The right to protection
against all forms of neglect,
cruelty and exploitation.
4. The right to free education
and to full opportunity for play
and recreation.
5. The right to a name and
6. The right to special care, if
7. The right to be among the
first to receive relief in times of
8. The right to learn to be a
useful member of society and to
develop individual abilities.
9. The right to be brought up
in.a spirit of peace and universal brotherhood.
10. The right to enjoy these
rights regardless of race, color,
sex, religious, national or social
it to the superintendent of child
welfare, who is empowered to conduct
an investigation.
"The general philosophy of the
ministry — and it's one I can't
disagree with — is that every effort
should be made to keep the child in
the family situation."
However, he adds, "the statistics on
the number of children who are killed
or seriously injured even after an investigation has taken place raises
doubts in my mind about the adequacy of the response; It seems to me
that  too  many  children  are  being
allowed to remain in at-risk situations."
He admits that getting full and accurate information on the subject of
child abuse is very difficult. Much
child abuse still goes undetected, even
though one of the "major legal
breakthroughs of the last 20 years has
been the establishment of child-abuse
Prof. MacDougall says a major
criticism of provisions requiring child
abuse to be reported is the tendency to
believe that the problem has been
solved as the result of the inclusion of
such provisions. "In effect," he adds,
"not a great deal has been done to
protect the child from abuse unless
services are expanded to cope with the
increased number of reported cases."
Prof. MacDougall sympathizes with
those who are responsible for administering the law on child abuse.
"It's clear they have difficult decisions
to make, but once again my concern
stems from the number of cases of
abuse that take place even after an investigation has been conducted."
Basic reasons
There are two basic reasons for this,
he believes. "First, even though the
law gives the government authority to
remove a child from situations in
which he or she's at risk, there appears
to be a lot of misinformation among
social workers about what the courts
will require by way of legal evidence
before ordering a child's removal.
"An excellent case can be made for
more co-operation between the professional disciplines, because lack of
communication is clearly one of the
"A related problem," he says, "is
the skill and experience of the social
workers investigating child-abuse
cases. The judgment required is of the
highest order and I can't help but feel
that the profession has problems
recruiting enough people of the required calibre."
There is no lack of interest in family
law in UBC's law school. Prof, MacDougall says. "In the mid-1960s,
many law schools, including UBC,
decided to put increased emphasis on
family and criminal law.
"Since then, I think it's fair to say
that most students who have passed
through this law school have taken
family law, even though it's optional.
Early in the 1970s, I started a course
in law relating to juveniles and
thought I might get 10 to 20 students
interested in more specialized work.
I've never had less than 60 in that
UBC Reports/7 UBC team helps
those who
help the blind
Every year, 150 or more Canadian children are born blind.
Most new parents feel overwhelmed when they think of the
years that lie ahead in coping with the problems of raising and
educating a visually impaired child.
Life has been made a little easier for this special group of
parents by a team of people closely associated with UBC.
They've produced a pair of books, one for the parents of blind
children and the other for professionals working with the visually handicapped, that are designed to be both informational and
Principal authors listed
The principal author of Can't Your Child See?, the handbook
for parents of blind children, is Eileen Scott, who holds a
clinical appointment in UBC's Department of Ophthalmology
and who was for 30 years associated with the Canadian National
Institute for the Blind until she retired last year.
Her associates in the production of the book for parents were
Dr. James Jan, co-ordinator of neuropediatric and blind programs in Vancouver's Children's Hospital Diagnostic Centre,
who also holds a clinical appointment in the UBC Faculty of
Medicine, and Dr. Roger Freeman, professor of psychiatry at
The roles of the trio were slightly rearranged for the production of Visual Impairment in Children and Adolescents, a book
designed for professionals working with the blind, including
doctors, teachers, neurologists, pediatricians and rehabilitation
medicine specialists. Dr. Jan served as the principal author for
this volume with assistance from Dr. Freeman and Miss Scott.
Miss Scott, who holds a Bachelor of Social Work degree from
UBC, says Can't Your Child See? is designed to be supportive
and reassuring for parents who ask questions such as: "Can
blind children grow and develop like other children?"; "Do
blind people ever get married?"; "Can they work and earn a living?"; "Can they be happy?"
Positive climate for growth
Often, the parents of blind children are tempted to hand the
child over to specially trained people who know how to educate
and handle them, Miss Scott says in the preface to the book.
"Perhaps it would be easier for the parents; but past experience
has shown that loving, informed parents can provide a much
more positive climate for growth than can any institution full of
so-called experts."
Miss Scott says the response to the book, published by University Park Press in Baltimore, has been very positive. "I've had
parents write to me or tell me in person that they wished they
had had such a book available to them from the time their
children were born," she says.
And many parents of blind children, because they're well informed on the topic of visual impairment, also find the companion volume for professionals useful and informative, she
Books liberally illustrated
Can t Your Child See? is liberally illustrated with photographs
taken by the UBC Department of Biomedical Communications
in the Faculty of Medicine. They're designed to show that blind
children are capable of doing a lot of things for themselves and
participating in many recreational and other activities like normally sighted children.
A selection of the photographs used to illustrate the book appears on these pages.
Blind kids can...
Learn to bowl
8/UBC Reports Paddle a canoe and learn water safety
Fly a kite
Pictures by UBC Department of Biomedical Communications
Look after themselves
UBC Reports/9 Enrichment is key element in
pilot project for the gifted
Several hundred gifted B.C. children
are getting special attention in school
classrooms this fall as the result of a
provincial-government funded program
developed in UBC's Faculty of Education.
Prof. Stanley Blank, a UBC graduate
and a 13-year member of the UBC faculty, is the co-ordinator of an enrichment
program for gifted children, who have
been a "woefully neglected" segment of
the North American school population
until recently.
Since the beginning of this year, Prof.
Blank and a team of eight persons — six
graduate students and two consultants —
have developed curriculum materials for
gifted children in grades 4, 5 and 12
which are being introduced as a pilot project in more than 25 B.C. school districts
this fall.
The UBC team also developed a special
kit of material designed to train school
teachers in the techniques of dealing with
gifted children in the districts where the
pilot program has been introduced.
The teachers came to Vancouver late
in August for an intensive, one-week immersion course to introduce them to the
program. Prof. Blank and other members
of the project team will continue to provide the teachers with assistance during
the 1979-80 school year and begin an
evaluation of the program.
Prof. Blank said the gifted-children
project has been introduced in widely
scattered, large and small school districts
throughout B.C.
Prof. Blank estimates that out of B.C.'s
total school population of just over
500,000 pupils more than 50,000 could
be described as gifted. "The definition of
the term 'gifted' varies widely," he said,
"from the narrow two per cent who are in
the near-genius category up to 12 to 15
per cent who will score high on IQ or
academic achievement tests and who also
exhibit talents in other areas such as
leadership or creative thinking, or in
specific areas of achievement such as the
performing or creative arts."
Lists abilities
Prof. Blank estimates that five per cent
of the students in the school districts
chosen will take part in the UBC project
in the coming year.
The ability of gifted children to synthesize knowledge is the general
characteristic which distinguishes them
from others, Prof. Blank said.
The gifted child outperforms other
pupils at almost every level of learning,
he says, from the lowest, "where you are
simply teaching students about things,"
UBC Education professor Stanley Blank, left, goes over curriculum materials
developed for gifted children in B.C.'s school system with graduate students
Michael Izen and Suzanne Kenney.
10/UBC Reports
through the next level of learning how to
use basic knowledge, which leads to
teaching students how to apply
"The gifted child," Prof. Blank said,
"has the ability to go beyond the level of
knowledge application. He or she is able
to analyse, to look for causal relationships, to connect seemingly unrelated
ideas and synthesize them so that he or
she is able to solve problems in unique
and creative ways."
Gifted children, he adds, also have a
remarkable ability to evaluate, "to be
able to look at a problem, develop criteria
for evaluating it, and to go through the
evaluation process in a meaningful way.
"In short, you have a child who thinks
differently, who is not only able to do
more quantitatively, but who can do
much more with the knowledge he or she
The program which Prof. Blank and
his project team put together for gifted
children is founded on enrichment as opposed to acceleration.
"In the past," he said, "teachers tended
to meet the needs of the gifted child
through acceleration, by keeping them
occupied through an increased work
load. Anything to keep them from getting
bored, which leads to behavior problems
and, in many cases, dropping out.
"Allowing the gifted to skip grades was
another way of dealing with them. For a
very few gifted children, those at the
near-genius level, this probably makes
sense. But for the majority of the gifted,
removal from their peer group can result
in some pretty maladjusted kids who are
simply not able to cope with the social
and emotional environment of an older
age group."
Greater depth
Skipping grades is not advisable on
philosophical grounds as well, Prof.
Blank said. It's ill-advised to push gifted
children ahead by a year or two, he said,
when the opportunity exists to provide
them with greater depth and breadth of
knowledge using as a basis the curriculum
of their peer group.
"Enrichment involves increasing the
complexity of the problems presented to
the gifted child," Prof. Blank said.
Enrichment for a grade five child studying language arts, for instance, would
mean utilizing the grade five curriculum
to expand his or her awareness of nonverbal communication, body language
say, so he or she understands that people
communicate in a variety of ways.
"Enrichment would also mean learning
about  how  and  why  language  was  in- .^aaa
Prof. Stanley Blank lectures to teachers of the gifted who came to Vancouver late in August ito learn about UBC-developed
vented and other methods of communication as an addition to or an auxiliary to
language. The object is to develop in the
gifted child a richer understanding of
language and communication as opposed
to merely developing competence in
language usage."
Prof. Blank also believes that gifted
children have maximum opportunity to
develop their potential when they
associate with other gifted children. "The
gifted," he said, "need to be challenged
and engaged at their own level, so I'm in
favor of enrichment centres in each
school district where the gifted can be
brought together for so many hours per
week or for specified periods of time.
"The centres don't have to be schools
specifically set aside for the gifted. I think
in terms of a mini-school, a school within
a school, where the gifted have their own
classes, but interact socially with other
It also takes a special kind of teacher to
deal with the gifted, he said. "The gifted
are characterized by a higher-than-
average curiosity and an enthusiasm for
learning, which has to be matched by
similar characteristics on the part of the
"Teachers of the gifted also have to
have a relatively strong ego because in
many cases the students may be more
talented than the teacher. In addition to
patience, the teacher of the gifted also requires a sense of humor, which is a highly
developed characteristic amongst
talented children."
Prof. Blank says the teacher of the
gifted performs a different function in
the classroom than the teacher of normal
ly intelligent children. They have to have
the ability to guide and direct the student
to the sources of knowledge and to be
able to work with students on the basis of
individualized instruction.
"There are a restricted number of
things that can be carried on as group activities with the gifted," he says. "But
one-to-one interaction is more important
because the individual differences among
the gifted are greater than the differences
among students in the population of the
normally intelligent."
Growing concern
Prof. Blank is no stranger to working
with the gifted and with teachers of the
gifted. For the past seven years he has
been working in Chilliwack on enrichment programs that are now in place for
grades three through nine.
A few other school districts in B.C.
have started programs for the gifted,
some of them using materials already on
the market, others manufacturing their
own. Prof. Blank has worked closely with
most of the districts that have started
such programs and many of the teachers
working with the gifted have obtained'
their training at UBC.
"There's certainly been a growing concern for the needs of the gifted over the
last decade or so," Prof. Blank said, "and
almost every school district in the province has done something, even if it's only
to establish a committee to look into the
What has been lacking so far is uniformity, said Prof. Blank, and many people
who deal with the gifted would maintain
that uniformity is impossible in any case.
"There is, however, the possibility of
uniformity of approach. We can all start
with an agreed-upon approach and what
happens after that will depend on the interaction between student and teacher."
On a long-range basis, Prof. Blank
would like to see enrichment programs
developed for all school levels from
kindergarten to grade 12. "Why
shouldn't we have 'think tanks for kids,'
as well as centres of intellectual challenge
in the fine arts, music and drama?" he
In the final analysis, he believes there is
a vast, untapped potential among gifted
"In the past," he said, "we've tended to
treat the gifted as though they were an ordinary group of individuals who had no
special needs. In many cases, even the
gifted haven't been aware of their own
abilities and as a result we've lost them as
"What we've really lost is a vital
resource, a resource for future leadership
by a group of people who have special
talents and abilities. And we need leadership as never before in all spheres of our
society, from the obvious ones such as
government and education to the performing and creative arts.
"So I'm delighted that the provincial
government has decided to fund this project, which could have incalculable
benefits for B.C. It's especially heartening that they've chosen to do it in the UN
Year of the Child, which places emphasis
on education."
UBC Reports/11 Today's  world  mirrored  in  children's
Adults who want to know what contemporary society is really like should
take a long, hard look at children's
literature, says Sheila Egoff, a
member of UBC's School of
Prof. Egoff, who's already produced
one standard reference book on
children's literature and is working on
a second, believes that any radical
change in society affects the young
more quickly than any other section of
the population and that the changes
are reflected more quickly in
children's literature than they are in
adult literature.
She thinks the reason is that writers
of children's literature strive for
simplicity and directness, whereas
writers of adult fiction are often more
concerned with subtleties and a
sophistication that's absent from
books for the younger set. "I can enjoy
a really good novel written for
children more than I can one written
for adults," is the way she puts it.
But, she adds, children's literature
is, on the whole, ignored by parents.
"They're awfully eager to know what
books they should put in their
children's hands," she says, "but
parents rapidly lose interest in what
their kids are reading as the children
get older."
It wasn't always so, she says.
In the Victorian period, say from
1850 up to the end of the 19th century, which she characterizes as the
first "golden age" of children's
literature, books for children were
produced by adults who were intent
on inculcating basic moral values in
the young. "Childhood was seen by
the Victorians as a training ground, a
time when children were trained to accept the responsibilities of adulthood.
"Thus, the books of that day
characterize children as good, innocent, perceptive, but in need of protection. It produced some great
storytellers, for example Lewis Carroll, who wrote Alice's Adventures in
Wonderland, which can be read entirely for its entertainment value,
quite apart from its parodies and take-
offs on Victorian manners.
"For me, the two finest children's
novels of that period, novels that sum
up the Victorian view of childhood,
are George MacDonald's At the Back
ofthe North Wind and The Princess
and the Goblin."
The authors who wrote for the second golden age of children's
literature from the 1930s to the end of
the 1950s got rid of the didacticism —
the instructive aspects — of Victorian
literature and tended to let children
exist in a world that excluded adults,
Prof. Egoff says. "What these authors
suggest is that children need time to
play, to have fun, to explore before
taking on the responsibilities of
adulthood and learning about the
harsh realities of life."
12/UBC Reports
The children's literature of this second golden age also depicts the
children as being members of stable,
happy households led by parents who
are there to help if the children get into trouble. "Even the stories that deal
with children who come from poor
families reveal stable homes in which
the child can handle the problems of
poverty, not, as in so many contemporary books, a situation where poverty is going to leave a deep and lasting
impression on the child and warp his
mind for all time."
For Prof. Egoff, the books of
American writer Eleanor Estes about
the children of the Moffatt family just
about sum up the values of the writers
of the second golden age. "You know
that those kids are going to grow up to
be solid citizens with their psyches intact," she says.
In the 1960s, Prof. Egoff says,
writers of children's literature decided
that childhood was no longer important or valuable in itself. "What
became important," she says, "was the
idea that children had to be told
everything, no matter how harsh the
reality was. What was important was
honesty... letting it all hang out, as the
expression is."
Children's literature expert Sheila Egoff, left, and research assistant Judi
Saltman are in the process of cataloguing and annotating a collection of
children's literature donated to UBC in 1975 by 1925 graduate Stanley Arkley
and his wife. Rose, of Seattle. The collection of more than 1,000 items includes
many first editions and rare items. The Arkley Collection is part of a
25,000-volume collection of children's literature housed in the UBC library,
which is used for teaching and research purposes by Prof. Egoff and other UBC
people. literature
The new genre has come mostly
from the U.S. and Britain, but the
American influence is so widespread
that the new wave has been dubbed
the American Problem Novel, she
says. "The themes are much heavier
than those dealt with earlier and involve divorce, drugs, sex, disappearing parents, emotional and physical
cruelty and, overall, a sense of alienation."
Prof. Egoff also points out that contemporary writers of children's novels
also deal with unusual children, those
from minority groups, abused
children and the mentally and
physically retarded. "The shift," she
says, "has been away from a concern
with childhood to dealing with
children as individuals' and the problems that confront them."
As an example, she cites a book
called Hey, Dummy by American
author Kin Piatt, in which a normal
child attempts to befriend a retarded
child to the horror of the normal
child's parents. When the normal
child is rebuffed by a teacher and a
social worker in an attempt to get help
for the friend, he prefers to sink into
retardation himself because he has
come to hate the world.
"That kind of theme and story is
fairly typical of modern-day children's
books," Prof. Egoff says, "and I think
it reflects an ambivalence, a terribly
mixed-up and uncertain view of society toward children, as though we don't
know how to act toward them or deal
with them."
Certainly, she adds, the outlook of
the books reveals a conservatism on
the part of children. "They are shown
as being desperately eager for two
parents — in many books, the kids are
convinced it's their fault if the parents
aren't getting along — and for a stable
existence. And even in the best books,
you find an incredible concern with
death, even in those written for two,
three and five-year-olds."
Contemporary children's stories
often take an unrealistic view of life,
Prof. Egoff adds. "For instance, take a
story that has a plot based on sibling
rivalry. In these books, the older child
usually comes to accept the younger or
new child by the end of the book. But
all of us know that rivalries of this kind
can last a lifetime. To me, that's not a
realistic view of life."
Other characteristics of contemporary children's literature: most of
the stories are set in an urban environment and are limited (in America) to
New York, New Jersey and San Francisco, the characters in the stories tend
to live in apartments and it's rare for
one to take place in a foreign setting
or in a rural environment. "I think
this means that kids get a remarkably
narrow view of how life is lived as a
result," says Prof. Egoff.
Here ys some of the
best ever written
UBC Reports asked Prof. Egoff to
prepare a list of some of the best
children's books ever written to go
with her comments on the current
state of children's literature. Here's
her choice of the 10 top books, all of
which are in print. At the end of the
list, she briefly comments on what
may appear to some readers to be a
ifew surprising omissions.
• Alcott, Louisa May. Little
Women. New York: MacMillan,
1962. The everyday life of the
March girls still has pleasure and
meaning for modern children.
This lively, natural narrative of
family experiences is as well-loved
today as when it first appeared in
• Burnett, Frances Hodgson. The
Secret Garden. Philadelphia: Lip-
pincott, 1962. Three Edwardian
children make a garden out of a
wilderness and grow in friendship
and imagination as they do so.
First published in 1911.
• Cooper, Susan. The Dark is Rising.
New York: Atheneum, 1973. This
second volume of Cooper's acclaimed quintet on the stormy
struggle between the primal forces
of the Dark and the Light is set in
modern Buckinghamshire. Her
power of imaginative fantasy has
rarely been equalled in children's
• Lewis, C.S. The Lion, the Witch
and the Wardrobe. London: Bles,
1950. The first of seven Narnia
Chronicles, this Christian allegory
is played out in an enchanted land
of nymphs, dryads and talking
animals. Children respond to the
quiet humor, domestic detail, and
intense dramatic conflict.
• Milne, A.A. Winnie the Pooh.
Toronto: McClelland and Stewart,
1925. Milne's is the art that conceals art, notably his ability to let
the child feel superior to the
loveable but bumbling Pooh. Still
the most universally popular of all
childhood books.
• Pearce, Philippa. Tom's Midnight
Garden. London: Oxford, 1958. A
time story in which a modern boy
and a girl from Victorian times
find companionship. Pearce's clear
prose, energetic dialogue, and
vivid imagery makes this stylistically one of the finest books in modern
children's literature.
• Stevenson, Robert Louis. Treasure
Island. New York: Scribner, 1947.
Stevenson's highly colored
characterization and flawless
English prose make this pirate
adventure one of the most famous
stories ever written. First published
in 1883.
• Tolkien, J.R.R. The Hobbit; or,
There and Back Again. Boston:
Houghton Mifflin, 1938. Though,
on the surface, a story of a search
for treasure, other values, truths,
and virtues discovered by Bilbo
through experience help him to
face difficulties with wit, wisdom
and courage.
• Twain, Mark. The Adventures of
Tom Saivyer. New York: Macmillan, 1962. Although it appeared first in 1876, Tom Sawyer
has ai continuing freshness for
modem readers through its simple,
direct presentation of universal
• White, E.B. Charlotte's Web. New
York: Harper and Row, 1952. E.B.
White's humorous and affectionate
portrayal of the barnyard world
subtley suggests the larger world of
human life and, as well, the
wisdom that comes from life close
to nature and her children.
Some surprising omissions may well
be considered: Lewis Carroll's Alice's
Adventures in Wonderland; Kenneth
Grahame's The Wind in the Willows;
J.M. Barrie's Peter Pan; George Mac-
Donald's At the Back of the North
Wind. All are recognizably great in
style and theme. Today, however,
these appear the domain of adult interest in imaginative writing concerned with childhood as symbol and
metaphor, rather than as the first
spontaneous choices of children
She believes too that where the
writers of the past "wrote for the child
within themselves and could universalize the experiences, today's authors
are writing for the adult within
Much of the best writing for
children produced by British authors
is the product of people who were
themselves children during the Second
World War, she points out, and many
of the books are set in that period.
"One of the best British writers of
children's literature, Susan Cooper,
who was a child during the war, has
produced a remarkable quintet of
books called The Dark is Rising. Each
of themi is concerned with the titanic
struggle between good and evil and I
can't help but think that that theme
stems  from  the   1939-45  war,"  says
Continued on page 14
Continued from page 13
Prof. Egoff.
Many contemporary children's
books are also concerned with fantasy,
Prof. Egoff points out. "The Arthurian legend as well as Norse and
Celtic myth are recurring aspects of
many of today's books for children,
but not in the sense that the stories are
set in those times. The stories are set in
modern times with the past breaking
through into the present. What the
authors seem intent on doing is giving
contemporary children a sense of the
continuity of time, a feeling that
they're linked with the past."
Despite the heaviness of the themes
and the feelings of alienation that pervades much contemporary children's
literature. Prof. Egoff believes that
the best of the modern stories are probably the greatest ever written for
young people.
Modern-day children's books tend
to split the readership because the very
best will only be read by the very
dedicated. And there's a decided gap
in good reading material for children
in 9—11 age group."
Prof. Egoff says there is still some
good, lightweight reading available on
the market for children, "but they're
not the books people talk about and
they don't win prizes. They are,
basically, a throwback to the past
without being as good as Winnie the
Pooh or Mary Norton's The Borrowers. "
Something else she believes has gone
from the current children's book scene
is the sharing of literature between
adults and children. "There was a
time when adults sat down and read to
children," she points out. "But I can't
imagine a really literate adult wanting
to read one of the modern-day problem novels to a child. Mostly because
many of the books are highly symbolic
and experimental in style and much of
the action is carried out through
dialogue alone. Contemporary
children's stories just aren't written for
easy reading aloud."
Having said all that, Prof. Egoff
points out that the modern problem
novel is highly popular with children
in every socio-economic group. "Kids
are still avid readers," she says, "and
the new genre seems to appeal to
them. It's all very well for me to claim
that most of the books by modern-day
writers of children's literature are
superficial, badly written and
unrealistic, but children like them,
perhaps because the stories comfort
them, give them a sense of identity, a
feeling that they're not alone."
The best a concerned parent can
hope for, she adds, is that the overall
quality of the all-pervasive Problem
Novel will improve to meet the quality
of the best of modern children's
Plazas in Athens are meeting places for young and old
Continued from page 2
students came the "getting government approval" stage. Although Mr.
Gaitanakis had allowed a month for
this stage, he knew it would be unlikely that approval would be granted in
that time. Being a native of Athens,
Mr. Gaitanakis had a very good idea
of what the political situation was in
the city, and his students had a chance
to become involved in the practical as
well as the theoretical aspects of being
Major fights
Although the project was commissioned by the Ministry of Public
Works, explained Mr. Gaitanakis, "we
were fought by the mayor and his
council and we had to override them.
Another problem for the students was
the question of credibility in the
neighborhood. They had to be seen as
architects and not just students."
After the initial rush was over, the
students had a chance to explore the
city and to enjoy their adventure. Accommodation had been found for the
group in a neo-classical three-storey
house not far from the Acropolis,
where the students could cook their
own meals. Said one of the students,
Gerry Allard, a graduate student
researching a project not directly involved in the playground design,
"There were terrific advantages to being all together. It was like having a
little community. Groups would go
out and explore various things and
areas, and bring back experiences and
"It was very exciting to live in the
area. I had very little appreciation of
history prior to going to Greece. Since
I've come back, though, I've been doing a lot of reading, not just in Greek
history but history in general," Mr.
Allard said.
The students didn't spend all of
their time in Athens. When the
schedule allowed, they were taken on
a 10-day classical tour of archeological
sites around the countryside, such as
Delphi, Olympia, Nauplia and
Epidaurus. There, of course, they
could see architecture which had
lasted centuries.
The Athenian experience wasn't the
first time that UBC architecture
students had studied overseas. Once
every three years or so, a project comes
along that suits the school's philosophy
and teaching methods. "What we look
for," explained Mr. Gaitanakis, "is an
opportunity to contribute to the host
People warm
But if Gerry Allard's sentiments are
felt by the other students, it's also a
real opportunity to contribute to the
students' education. "What struck me
most was the friendliness and warmth
of the people, many of whom have
had a very hard life," Mr. Allard said.
"It really does make you feel very
lucky to have been born in Canada,
where we have things they will never
experience. I think everyone felt they
really learned a lot about human
nature and human situations, and
how people can deal with things in a
very much different situation to the
one we have in Canada. This sort of
thing really does broaden your conception of the world."
14/UBC Reports Pressure
on for more
The next time you see a kid making
a lunch out of pop and potato chips,
don't despair. According to Dr. Nancy
Schwartz, a nutrition expert and assistant professor in the School of Home
Economics at UBC, that kid is a disappearing species.
Given another 10 years, she feels,
nutrition education will be part of the
school curriculum in a major way.
Children will be versed in good eating
habits, beyond the basics of Canada's
Food Guide which has been, for many
of us, the extent of our nutrition
education. And not only will they be
versed in proper nutrition, they will
follow better habits because they'll
know what effect the so-called "junk
foods" have on their complexions,
body weight and general well-being.
Too optimistic? Maybe, but Dr.
Schwartz takes her predictions from
what's happening south of our border.
"There's been a lot of money allocated
in the U.S. for national nutrition
education programs and I really
believe that it will come here within 10
"So far in B.C. there's been all sorts
of starts for general nutrition education, but nothing yet that has any
'oomph'," she admits.
One of the things that makes nutrition education a lower priority for
government funding than Dr.
Schwartz would like is the difficulty of
pinpointing how incorrect diet affects
health. "The relationship between
diet and disease isn't nearly as clearcut
as the relationship between cigarettes
and lung cancer," she says.
Nutritionists do know that incorrect
diet increases the risk of heart disease,
dental disease, cancer of the colon,
possibly other forms of cancer, and
diseases of the intestinal tract. But
they can't say for sure that the cause of
these diseases is incorrect diet.
As more and more research is done,
as people become more and more concerned about body appearance and
body weight, and as treating illness
becomes more and more expensive,
public pressure will grow to make
nutrition education a higher priority,
Dr. Schwartz feels.
In many elementary and secondary
Dr. Nancy Schwartz
schools, pressure for better eating
habits is coming now, and in many
cases it's coming from the students
"I've been involved with a group of
seventh graders at Queen Elizabeth
school recently where the kids
themselves were really wanting information on nutrition. Once they're old
enough to realize what eating the
wrong foods does to them, then they're
interested," Dr. Schwartz says.
"But you can't deny the influence of
advertising, either. 'Coke is the real
thing' is a pretty powerful message.
And kids want to be more like the people in the advertisements."
Some of the nutritional examples
used in everyday teaching in the
classroom are often negative, too, Dr.
Schwartz says. In arithmetic class, for
example, textbooks might use candies
as a counting aid or might teach fractions by asking students to half a cake
recipe calling for three cups of sugar.
"I really think that anyone teaching
at the elementary level, especially,
should have some kind of basic nutrition knowledge," she stressed.
Teachers workshops on nutrition
are now available from time to time
and are conducted by nutrition
educators with the B.C. Dairy Foundation. Almost all the health units in
the province have nutritionists on
staff, who are available for counselling
and have printed information on
nutrition available. At UBC, many
students in the Faculty of Education
take courses in nutrition as electives
through    the    School    of    Home
Economics in addition to their Education coursework.
"Things are definitely getting better. There's no question," Dr.
Schwartz says. "But it's also getting
harder and harder to get better
because of the greater choice of information , much of it conflicting, which
is available."
Food fads, diet fads, the claims of a
few of the health food stores make
people suspicious of all the nutrition
information they hear. And for most
of us, we have little or no background
in nutrition or health to be able to
evaluate the claims of different
"What nutritionists would really
like to see is an integrated health-
nutrition program in the formal
education system. But that needs to be
a priority from the Ministry of Education or the Ministry of Health. Right
now there are limited nutrition
resources available through the education ministry," Dr. Schwartz says.
If we had an educated school
populace with a background in nutrition and its effect on health, Dr.
Schwartz feels, that would go a long
way toward a potentially more healthy
adult population. We can't control
risk factors such as heredity, age or sex
in preventing illness, but we can control our diet.
"However, if people have the nutrition education and choose not to use
it, then that's up to them," she admits. "One of the things that's hard
for us to accept is that there's always
freedom of choice."
UBC Reports/15 ?<8%&s&i3tt»"&.
Summer soccer school, above, is
highlight of UBC community sports
program. Ancient dinosaur, right,
guards the M.Y. Williams Geology
Museum in the Geological Sciences
Kids are
at UBC
Kids are welcome at UBC.
And you'd be surprised at the number
of things there are for them to do and see
on the Point Grey campus.
Museums, for instance. UBC's
Museum of Anthropology not only has
one of the finest collections of West Coast
Indian artifacts anywhere, it also runs
special arts and crafts programs for
youngsters both winter and summer. The
museum is open every afternoon in the
week except Monday and on Tuesdays,
when admission is free, it's open until 9
p.m. Call 228-5087 for details on
museum programs for children.
If you have a rockhound in the house,
why not suggest a visit to the M.Y.
Williams Geology Museum in the
Geological Sciences Centre. Rock
specimens and other exhibits pertaining
to mining are attractively labelled and explained for visitors. Call 228-5586 for
hours of opening.
16/UBC Reports
If you have a budding zoologist on your
hands, he or she may want to see the insect (entomology) or vertebrate museums
housed in the Biological Sciences
Building. They're open from 9 a.m. to 5
p.m. Monday through Friday.
UBC has no permanent collection of
art, but the Fine Arts Gallery in the north
basement of the Main Library and the art
gallery in the Student Union Building
stage a number of displays throughout
the year. UBC's Department of Information Services (228-3131) will be glad to
tell you what's on.
For the musically inclined, the Department of Music sponsors noon-hour and
evening performances during the winter
by a wide range of musical groups ranging from solo performers to a full symphony orchestra. Call 228-3113 for information.
The theatre season at UBC centres on
the Frederic Wood Theatre, which also
houses the Dorothy Somerset Studio. The
Freddy Wood will stage five major productions in the current academic year,
including Thornton Wilder's Our Town
from Oct. 24 to Nov. 3 and Shakespeare's
A Midsummer Night's Dream from Jan.
23 to Feb. 2. For ticket information call
UBC libraries are open — usually seven
days a week - if the high-school students
in your household want a place to study
without the distractions of home. They're
welcome to use any of the material in the
libraries, but they can't borrow material
to take out of the library. (Non-student
adults, however, can apply for borrowing
privileges. Call 228-3115.)
Young people aged 16 and over are
eligible to use the Wilson Recordings
Library in the Sedgewick Library. The
library is a vast collection of classical
music, jazz and spoken-word records.
Young people can play any record they
wish at one of the 80 or so headphone -
equipped listening stations and records
can be borrowed for payment of an annual fee. Parents are expected, however,
to be liable for damaged records.
There's a wide range of sporting
facilities and events on the UBC campus
which are available to young and old
every day of the week. There's public
swimming at the new Aquatic Centre
every day and throughout the year there
is everything from "scared-stiff beginners swimming lessons to advanced
lifesaving courses available. During the
winter and spring, special lessons are held
for toddlers, aged three to five. Call
228-4521 for information.
If you, or your family like to go ice
skating, call the Thunderbird Winter
Sports Centre at 228-6121 for public
skating hours. At the same time you can
ask about the possibility of joining a curling club or renting squash and handball
If your youngster is a spectator, he or
she will be able to watch football, basketball, English rugby, ice hockey, wrestling...just about any sport you can name.
And admission to many events is free.
The UBC Athletic Office (228-2531) will
be able to tell you what's on any day or
night of the week.
The University also runs sports camps
and hockey schools for youngsters of
various ages during the spring and summer. Next year, when warm-weather activities are on the horizon, call Information Services at 228-3131 for the appropriate phone numbers of these
schools. A Degree of Integrity
Murray McMillan considers the major change
in B.C. education policy that has given
degree-granting status to a private college.
Dr. Neil Perry put it succinctly when
he appeared in July before the private members' bills committee of
the B.C. legislature: "The granting of a
degree is a valuable right," he told the
MLAs who had gathered in committee to
consider the merits of Bill Pr. 401, An Act
to Amend the Trinity Western College
Act. Passage of the bill, said Perry, who
appeared as the representative of the Universities Council of B.C., would amount
to a "major change in educational policy"
for the province.
How right he was, although on the face
of it Bill 401, a private member's bill,
looked innocent enough: It is barely half a
page in its entirety, and when the legal
housekeeping items are stripped away, it
comes down to three words: "a baccalaureate degree." Those three words are
now added to the section of the Trinity
Western College Act (already on the
books), which says what the college can
grant. Trinity Western, with 500 students
at its Langley campus and its gung-ho,
boldly evangelical Christian approach to
everything, is now the province's fourth
degree-granting institution. It has essentially been made a university.
And that gives pause for thought. Not
so much thought about the specific merits
of Trinity Western, whatever they may be
(and whether they add up to something
that can be called by that nebulous term
"university"), but about the value from
now on of a baccalaureate degree granted
in British Columbia.
Only the legislature can grant the right
to grant degrees. The University of
British Columbia, University of Victoria
and Simon Fraser University were the
three holders of that right before July 31.
But that date marked the major change
Perry spoke of. Bill 401 was passed —
railroaded through is probably closer to
the mark, but let us remain polite — by
the legislature. Its history is interesting:
first reading, July 9; second reading, July
31; committee stage, July 31; report stage,
Is the inherent value of
a BA now to be
depreciated in British
July 31; third reading, July 31; royal assent, July 31. Railroaded? Well....Someone was apparently highly anxious that
the bill should become law before the
summer session of the house ended on
July 31.
A political payoff of some sort? That
certainly appears to be a possibility. Trinity Western is in strong Social Credit
country and has Social Credit ties. Former
federal party leader Robert Thompson
has played a major role at the college,
taught political science there and remains
a special consultant to its president.
In having Central Fraser Valley MLA
Bill Ritchie introduce the bill, the college
found a quick, political solution to what
was basically an academic problem. The
legislation's speedy journey through the
house avoided any thorough examination
ofthe college's qualifications, any probing
of its academic standards, any assessment
of whether it deserved the publicly granted
right to hold itself out as a degree-granting
The Universities Council, supposedly
established to provide liaison between
government and universities to prevent,
among other things, political meddling in
university affairs, was bypassed in the
process. It shouldn't have been. B.C. now
has another institution that can hand out
BAs; the college can assess its students,
but no one has yet assessed the college.
Consider the analogy of money — hard,
cold cash. Governments print it, issue it,
and as long as it has, or is perceived by the
world of finance to have something to
back it up, it retains its value. When governments print more, value is retained if
the backing stays. But when governments
go mad and keep the presses rolling far too
long, its value plummets, and it's not just
the bills fresh off the printing plate that
The number of baccalaureate degrees
granted in B.C. over the past several decades has increased tremendously, but the
granting of them remained firmly based
on academic traditions and standards,
even with larger numbers of students
meeting the required criteria. As Dr.
Perry puts it: "In a public university there
is a sound method of evaluating academic
programs, based on examination by peers.
Thus there is worth to the degree." The
degree is sound currency in academic circles.
Will the entry of a newcomer into the
degree-granters' circle have an effect on
that currency? Is the inherent value of a
BA now to be depreciated in British Columbia?
There are probably those who have a
degree and those who never want one who
will argue in chorus that it has little inherent value anyway. But most hold to a
Chronicle/Aummn 1979   17 traditional view that it is something of
value, a badge of achievement no matter
what the discipline.
During what debate there was in the
legislature on the Trinity Western bill,
Opposition MLAs claimed the way would
be paved for any private educational institution to use this precedent to apply for
degree-granting privileges. New Democrat Rosemary Brown declared that
McDonald's restaurants could open a
hamburger cooking school and apply for
university status. Slightly far-fetched,
perhaps, but the door to that has inched
After the passage ofthe Trinity bill, Dr.
William Gibson, chairman of the Universities Council, turned to that universal reference work, the telephone directory,
and says he counted at least 50 religious
denominations. Could they all now begin
to form colleges that could eventually become degree-granting universities? How
many other special-interest groups could
do the same?
No one questions the right of private
groups to organize their own educational
institutions. It's the placing of a formal,
governmental imprimatur on their
academic product that must be considered.
Should the evangelical Trinity Western
have that imprimatur? That is now a moot
point. It seems doubtful that the present
government, at least, would rescind that
power it was so apparently determined to
In its end-run to the goal
of academic prestige,
Trinity has indeed created
a shift in provincial
education policy.
grant. A government of different stripe
might. Another administration might also
try to reconcile Trinity's status with section 81 ofthe Universities Act, which says
that "Each university shall be non-
A look at precedent-setting Trinity
Western gives cause for reconsideration.
The term "bible college" may seem unflattering to some, but after a perusal of
what Trinity Western's calendar offers, it
seems considerably more appropriate
than "university." Trinity Western is a
strongly religious institution and shouts
the fact loudly. How that stance can be
reconciled with a traditional academic approach to the pursuit of knowledge, an
approach that calls for problems to be confronted with an open mind, as free as possible from preconceptions, is hard to determine. But a Trinity pamphlet claims:
"By stating one's presuppositions clearly
and openly, the process of pursuing truth
is facilitated." To each his own definition
of truth.
The college calendar states: "Trinity
— an occasion to celebrate —
To mark this event the Volkswagen factory produced a limited number, only 15 in
total, special edition vehicles just for us to our own specifications.
See and drive the Anniversary Special Edition Automobiles with exterior and interior
decor especially designed for the occasion of our fifth anniversary by George Juhasz,
an artist of international fame.
classic black with gold accents — racy — elegant
classic black with gold accents — a sports machine
Each Special Edition vehicle has its own special cast dash plaque, individually
numbered and signed by the artist.
Own a unique, elegant and totally different automobile, but hurry, only a very limited
number are available.
Of course there is a large selection of regular Rabbits, Sciroccos, Buses, Vans,
Campers and premium used cars to choose from.
Prove to yourself what many of our patrons have found:
"It may be a little farther to Guildford
but Guildford will go a lot further for you."
Guildford motors Ltd.
MDL 5396
Porsche | 13820-104 AVE.,
«uoT      I SURREY, B.C.
Western is committed without reservation
to the basic elements of evangelical Christian doctrine, with the official statement of
faith identical to that of the Evangelical
Free Church," the college's parent organization. All full-time faculty and staff
must support that statement of faith,
which among other things says the Bible is
the final authority for Christian life and is
the errorless word of God, that the believer will have "everlasting blessedness
and joy," and that the unbeliever is condemned to "judgment and everlasting
conscious punishment."
Just how Darwin's theory of evolution
fits in with Adam and Eve as chronicled
by the "inspired Word of God, without
error in the original writings" poses a
problem. Several courses are cross-listed
in the calendar: Fine Art 432, Creative
Christian Expressions (one of the three
courses listed under fine arts) is also Religious Studies 432; Geography 334,
Geography ofthe Eastern Mediterranean,
is also Religious Studies 384. The religious studies division has the largest section
of offerings in the calendar. One of Trinity's nine academic programs is the "Institute of Aviation," a training course for
flying missionaries.
Whatever goals Trinity's faculty and
administration set may be fine for them,
but do they add up to something that deserves the publicly granted status of a university? Not by a long shot.
The college has argued that because it is
a private institution that does not accept
government funds, its academic programs
should not be subject to public scrutiny
by, say, the Universities Council. Then
why the need for public authorization to
grant degrees? If the college's own prestige is enough to support its programs,
won't its name alone stand behind its
In its end-run to its goal of academic
prestige, Trinity has indeed created a shift
in provincial education policy, a policy
that is on the law books, even though the
number of degrees is small (Trinity will
grant about two dozen bachelor's degrees
next spring). And it's a policy that appears
based on political motivation rather than
by well-scrutinized merits — it's worth
noting that Trinity's brochures, dated
June of this year, carried details of the
program leading to a BA even though the
legislation was not passed until the end of
The members ofthe Universities Council, obviously now wondering what their
true role is in provincial academic affairs,
have requested a meeting with the man
who carried this political football through
the legislature, Education Minister Patrick McGeer, to discuss the whole matter.
He may have been carrying a lemon.
And it's souring the once-sweet
achievement of obtaining a degree.       O
Murray McMillan, a member ofthe editorial
staff of the Vancouver Sun, is also a member
ofthe Chronicle editorial committee.
18 Chronicle/Autumn 1979 The Vancouver Institute:
Older, and even better
Elva Plant Reid, BA'52, MEd'70, representing
the Los Angeles alumni, visited the campus this
summer to see the new Walter Gage memorial
plaque commissioned by her group. The UBC
director of ceremonies, mathematics professor
Ben Movies, BA'40, MA'41 (right), has
arranged for it to be placed in the Old Arts 100
lecture hall. (In the foreground the university
Back in 1922 "Pete" MacKinnon was the
ingenue in the Players' Club spring production of
"Mr. Pym Passes By." Co-star was Jack Clyne,
now the university chancellor, who is admiring the
most recent addition to the UBC collection of
Emily Carr paintings, a gift from Robert T.
Elson and his wife, Georgina MacKinnon Elson,
BA'22. Mr. Elson, who also attended UBC, has
had a distinguished career as a journalist
including senior posts with Time, Fortune and
Life magazines. Early years in his career were
spent with the Vancouver Province and the
Herald. The painting is a gift "in memory ofthe
Players Club of'22." The Elsons, who live in
Long Island, N. Y. have owned the painting for
nearly 30years and they wanted it "to go back
home" - where it was gratefully received.
Sixty-three years old this year, The Vancouver
Institute gets better every season. The outstanding campus lecture series had an early
start this year when the Dal Grauer memorial
lecture on September 15 presented Amory Lo-
vins, a proponent of "Soft Energy Paths." A
consultant experimental physicist, Lovins is
lecturing in economics during 1979-80 at the
University of California.
On successive Saturday nights, the following
lectures are open to the public free of charge in
the campus Instructional Resources Centre at
8:15 p.m.: Sarah Lawrence College in New
York sends Joseph Campbell, world famous
for his studies in the field of mythology.
Campbell has authored four works in his field
and presents "Psyche and Symbol."...Jean
Erdman follows on September 29 with a lecture
and demonstration with music entitled "The
Dynamic Imagery of Dance." Erdman, creator
of the 'Coach with the Six Insides,' is an alumnus of the Martha Graham Dance Company.
William G. Unruh of UBC's physics department talks about "Black Holes — the Edge
ofthe Universe" on October 6. Unruh was part
of Einstein's centenary celebrations in 1978 at
the former academic home of both men,
Princeton...."Emotions and Human Nature"
is the subject of Robert Solomon, from the
philosophy department of the University of
Texas at Austin on October 13. This prolific
author combines his scholarship with outstanding teaching ability and wit....Donald W. Sel-
din, head of the department of internal
medicine at Southwestern Medical School of
the University of Texas will talk on October 20
about "High Blood Pressure: Prevalence,
Risks, Treatments." The winner of many
awards for his medical scholarship and
achievements in medical administration, Sel-
din's expertise covers a broad range of pathology and health care.
The department of psychology at UBC sends
David Kahneman to share "Judgements and
Preferences: the Psychology of Irrationality"
October 27. His year at UBC was preceded by
teaching stints at Berkeley, The Hebrew University, Harvard, Cambridge and Stanford: his
reputation is that of one of the most-quoted
psychologists in the world....Patricia Baird,
acting head of the department of medical genetics at UBC researches and publishes in the
areas of congenital and prenatal factors in birth
defects. These subjects form the basis of her
address, "Heredity and Your Family"
November 3....Einstein is the center of attention when Eugene Wigner from Princeton's
department of physics presents "Einstein —
the Man and his Work" on November 10.
Nobel laureate Wigner is regarded for his original contributions to all fields of physics and as
a founder of the quantum and atomic age. A
contemporary of Einstein, Wigner worked
with him in Berlin and at Princeton.
On November 17 Donald A. Schon presents
Chronicle/Aurumn 1979   19 Records. We've got records... Almost 90,000
individual names are on the alumni files
maintained by Isabel Galbraith (left) and Betty
O'Brien. Incorrectly addressed mail is expensive
— and annoying. You can help us make the best
use of our postage budget by letting Isabel or Betty
know when you move or change your name....
Keep in touch won't you?
"Will the Professions Survive? The Age of Uncertainty." Schon takes a look at future shock
and quick adjustment; he's from MIT's urban
planning faculty....Money and what's happening to it are the foci for John H. Young from the
International Monetary Fund in Washington,
D.C. when he returns to the Vancouver Institute with his ideas, wit and courage with "What
is Happening to Money — the International
Monetary System" November 24....Final lecture in the series airs December 1 when Sir
Fitzroy Maclean Bart from Argyll, Scotland,
winner of the Croix de Guerre, the Gold Partisan Star and the Order of Kutusov speaks on
"Holy Russia," the most recent in his series of
best-selling books on Soviet Russia. For more
information on any of the events, call the UBC
information office at 228-3131, 2075 Wesbrook
Place, Vancouver V6T 1W5.
Homecoming '79
"See you in Sep-tem-ber..." Remember when
those words, heard over a car radio on an August night, made chills run down your spine?
Football, crisp days, plaid skirts, plaid blan-
The Oldest and Largest
British Columbia Trust Company
J.R. Longstaffe BA '57 LLB '58 • Chairman
I.H. Stewart BA '57 LLB '60 - Director
A.G. Armstrong LLB '59 - Director
W.R. Wyman B. Comm. '56 - Director
J.CM Scott BA '47 B. Comm. '47 - Director
G.A. McGavin B. Comm. '60 - President
E.C. Moore LLB '70 • Vice President - Alberta
PL. Hazell B. Comm. '60 • Manager Information Systems
R.K. Chow M.B.A. '73 ■ Pension Trust Administrator
J. Dixon B. Comm. '58 • Claims Manager
T.W. Taylor B. Comm '76 - Mortgage Officer
D.B. Mussenden B. Comm. '76 - Manager Property Dept.
T.W.Q. Sam. B. Comm. '72 ■ Internal Auditor
A Complete Financial
Service Organization
Serving Western
900 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
590 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
130 E. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3935
2996 Granville St. Vancouver 738-7128
6447 Fraser St. Vancouver 324-6377
538 6th St. New Westminster 525-1616
1424 Johnston Rd. White Rock 531-8311
737 Fort St. Victoria 384-0514
121 8th Ave. S.W. Calgary 265-0455
Oxford Tower, Edmonton Centre, Edmonton 428-8811
• Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation •Trust Companies Association of Canada
20  ChronicleMuruwn 7979 kets, plaid jackets, blue, blue skies, new classes, old friends?
For UBC Homecoming 79, the song should
be about October — for on two days this fall,
the 26 and the 27, grads will be assembling
from all around, from as far back as sixty years
ago. On Friday, October 26, five classes gather:
'34 meets at the Faculty Club for cocktails, and
dinner. Meanwhile, '39, '44, '49and '54 mingle
at dinner and dancing in the Commodore Ballroom. Friday is also opening night for
Thornton Wilder's Our Town at the Freddie
Wood theatre: 8:00 p.m., $4.50 per ticket.
The class of '24 meets for lunch at high noon
in Cecil Green Park, then all UBCers move on
to the Thunderbird Stadium for the 2 p.m.
clash between the Golden Bears of the University of Alberta and the UBC Thunderbirds (tickets $2 at the gate). Non-footballers might don
swim suits for an underwater workout at the
UBC Aquatic Centre, which is open from 2
p.m. until 5 p.m.: tickets are $l/adults, $.75/
students and $.50/seniors and children. The
campus bus tours will also ply their way
through the campus leaving from Cecil Green
Park every hour from 2:15 p.m. until 4:15 p.m.
Culture and history in one of the world's
most beautiful and dramatic settings is also on
view: the UBC Museum of Anthropology is
organizing special tours for reunion visitors
who should meet in the lobby of the museum at
either 3:00 p.m. or 4:00 p.m. Then relax, revive and get ready for the class of '29 fifty year
reunion in Cecil Green Park in the evening. Dr.
Gordon Shrum is the guest speaker; "UBC
Fifty Years Ago" is his topic.
Saturday night continues with dinner at the
Faculty Club for the classes of '59, '64 and '69.
We're proud of what the campus (and what
those of us here) have to offer to returning
alumni in this autumn of 1979: the trees will
still provide a graceful frame to our own Cecil
Green Park, center of many alumni reunion
activities; the gardens and grounds will be making their gentle transition to early winter and
Howe Sound will form the backdrop for a
weekend of memories, new experiences, new
friendships and a whole new set of good things
to be nostalgic about 50 years from now. "We'll
see you in Oc-to-ber..."
Alumni gathered at the University of Toronto's
Hart House for an informal reception in June to
meet UBC student awards director Byron Hender
(above centre), (right) Two ofthe 40 alumni who
came and found something in common UBC.
'39 Seminar
"The Role ofthe University" will be the topic
when a distinguished panel of speakers addresses a special Homecoming seminar, Saturday,
October 26, 10 a.m. in the Frederic Wood
Theatre. The Class of '39 has planned this
event to celebrate their 40th anniversary and all
alumni and members of the community are
invited to attend. Short discussion papers will
be presented by the university chancellor J.V.
(Jack) Clyne, Universities Council head William C. Gibson, Jack Davis, Rhodes Scholar
from the Class of'39 and B.C. minister of education, Patrick McGeer, or their representatives. The alumni viewpoint will come in papers from John McLaren, a faculty member at
Northwestern University, Robert Sibley, head
ofthe Saskatchewan Universities Commission,
Robert Bell, former principal of McGill University and Fred Hartley, president of Union
Oil of California, all members of '39. There will
be a question period before the noon adjournment.
Branches in Brief
Although autumn is the time of falling leaves
and bare limbs, UBC's branches traditionally
initiate greater activity then than during the
green days of summer. Two exceptions in
summer '79 were Toronto alums who gathered
on June 21 to celebrate the shortest night ofthe
year. Byron Hender, director of awards and
financial aid for the university was
guest speaker. Although thunderstorms
threatened the gathering in the U of T's Hart
House, a slide show of UBC past and present
met an enthusiastic audience....Two nights
earlier, Newfoundland alums in St. John's got
together for a meeting when Chuck Con
naghan, vice-president of administrative services for the university, visited. Alums in the
St. John's area who are interested in developing
branch activities should give Pat Draskoy a ring
at 726-2576....Vancouver Island's welcome
mat will be out for the University Singers again
this season as they retrace many of their
footsteps in a yet-to-be-announced schedule
which may include a mainland stop in Chilliwack....Seattle area alumni have a pot-luck
dinner scheduled for October 19 at the
Robinswood Park Clubhouse, 2400 - 148th SE,
Bellevue. Gerald and Eileen Marr at 641-3535
are coordinating the menu.
Diamonds are Forever
The school of nursing is wondering if it can wait
until 1994 for its 75th reunion, so much was
learned and so much was shared by the participants in May's two day seminar-cum-
reunion Diamond Jubilee. Box lunches in the
gardens at Cecil Green Park punctuated a long
day of seminars presented by Dr. Marilyn
Willman, director ofthe school, Ruth Elliott,
baccalaureate coordinator, and Verna Splane,
vice-president of the International Council of
Nursing. A tour of the Museum of Anthropology provided a brief respite before the presentation of the Marion Woodward lecture by
Alice Baumgart, director ofthe Queen's School
of Nursing, followed by a reception in the garden room at the grad student centre. Whew!
The Diamond Jubilee had started the night
before with the diamond dinner at the faculty
club. A. repeat performance? Communicate
your enthusiasm to Earla Kerr-Smith and
Jenny Craig, the indefatigable organizers —
1994 is going to be a long time coming!
Government Legislation
Protested by Alumni
The provincial government's decision to bypass
the Universities Council and give degree-
granting status to a private B.C. college
Chronicle/Awmmn /979  21 brought protests from many parts of the province, including one from the UBC Alumni
Alumni president George Plant, in a telegram to the members of the private members'
bills committee of the legislature strongly
urged the whole matter of degree-granting
status for Trinity Western College be handed
over to the Universities Council for "consideration and advice before any further action is
In 1969 the association, in a report on university governance submitted to the provincial
government, had urged the creation of a
province-wide body to "bring master planning
to post-secondary education in B.C." In his
message Plant re-emphasized that policy saying
"It is of vital interest that the establishment of
any new university facilities and programs be
given the utmost careful review to ensure that
there is effective planning and integration in
the attainment of higher education goals for the
people of this province."
Without such scrutiny as the Universities
Council can give of programs and degrees,
there is no real way of judging the value of what
is offered. Alumni should be concerned about
the quality of education represented by a degree offered by any B.C. institution because it
reflects on the degree they have earned.
Private Member's Bill 401 passed in the final
hours of the session.
Executive Director
Resigns Post
The executive director of the alumni association, Harry J. Franklin, BA'49, has resigned.
In announcing the resignation, association
president, George E. Plant paid tribute to
Harry Franklin's enthusiasm and loyalty toward the alumni programs and his contribution
to the growth and success of a wide variety of
campus and alumni activities since joining the
association staff in 1972. As executive director
he had been closely involved with fund raising
for the aquatic centre, and in addition he had a
keen interest in campus athletics stemming
from his student years as a member of the
Thunderbird basketball team.
The Association will be seeking candidates
for the position of executive director in the
coming months.
Alumni Miscellany
More reunions
Homecoming kicks off two weeks early this
year when Medicine '54 takes over the Harrison
Hot Springs Hotel, October 12 to 14. Friday's
festivities include a cocktail party and banquet
with spouses and professors as guests. In a
two-hour session Saturday morning class
members will catch up on research and
achievements in the world of medicine; golf
and tennis tournaments follow in the afternoon, and there's dinner afterward for victors,
non-victors and spectators alike. Sunday's
smorgasbord lunch sends the reunionees on
their way for the next five years... .We meant to
mention the class of 1919 in our Homecoming
ad in summer's Chronicle; our blushes and
apologies to all class members and especially to
22 Chronicle/Autumn 1979 Constance Adams who reminded us of the 60th
anniversary ofthe first class to complete all four
years at UBC! Our red faces match the autumn
leaves that will decorate the campus October
26, 27 and 28 when homecoming activities will
be in full swing.
Relay Runners Hit 60
Ten years after its revival in 1969, the Arts '20
Relay celebrates its 60th anniversary in the fall
of 1979. Last year's defending champs, the Engineers, try to hold onto the silver cup as they
run from 12th and Heather (the Fairview site)
to the Cairn on the Main Mall. All alumni
groups (in teams of eight) are welcome to participate and should call Nester Korchinsky at
228-2401 for more information on registering.
Starting time is 1 p.m., October 18. The Fair-
view committee, headed by Blythe Eagles, will
be on hand to greet the winners.
We have good news for former members of the
grad student centre who miss sipping Moscow
Mules while enjoying a Howe Sound sunset:
Thea Koerner House (the grad centre) invites
former members to pay a $25 annual fee and
enjoy not only the aforementioned pastime but
also the games room, library and a dining room
that's open for lunch and dinner. Call the centre
office at 228-3202 for details.
As the '70s draw to a close, the College-Alumni
Seminar Series, co-sponsored by the alumni
division in health services planning, looks at
health services administration for the 80s in a
series of seminars that bridges the decades.
Commencing September 13 in Vancouver (September 27 in Victoria), dialogue with officials
from the ministries of health and treasury is
included in meetings that run through January
at the Robson Square Theatre in Vancouver
and the Eric Martin Institute Auditorium in
Victoria. The entire program can be subscribed
for $35 ($5 per seminar) and more information
can be obtained from the Canadian College of
Health Service Executives, 440 Cambie Street,
Vancouver V6K 2N5 (681-2374).
The new portrait of Dr. and Mrs. Cecil Green,
being viewed by alumni president George Plant,
is now on display at Cecil Green Park. The
photograph was taken by Duncan McDougall
during the Greens' visit for the congregation
ceremony that awarded an honorary doctorate to
Mrs. Green. The portrait was funded by the Cecil
Green Park management committee, the Cecil
and Ida Green visiting professorship program, the
Faculty Women's Club, whose meeting rooms are
in Cecil Green Park and the alumni association.
Do We
If your address or name has
changed please cut off the
present Chronicle address label
and mail it along with the new
information to: Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Rd.,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1X8.
Executive Director
Alumni Association of UBC
An excellent opportunity exists for an individual motivated by a job where results
are achieved by organizing, stimulating and motivating a wide range of people in
business, government and the general public, both paid and volunteer, who are
committed to working for and supporting the University.
The Executive Director is responsible for directing the staff of the Association,
motivating and working with the volunteers, part of the 80,000 Alumni, and others
interested in the well-being of the University, in ensuring the Association meets its
annual objectives in fund raising, communications and programs.
The successful candidate will have a university degree, ten years of experience
since graduation, a clear record of success in the organization and management of
people, strong written and verbal skills, and preferably, experience working with
volunteer organizations.
Salary will be commensurate with experience and will likely be of interest to an
individual earning in the $30,000 range.
Interested candidates should submit their resumes in confidence to
Kyle R. Mitchell, Partner.
220 -1155 West Georgia Street
Vancouver, B.C.V6E 3H4
Edmonton       •       Winnipeg       •       London       •       Toronto       •       Montreal
Chronicle/Autumn 1979 23 Spotlight
20s & 30s
Three of UBC's Aggies have been honored this
year: Lindsay M. Black, BSA'29, received the
prestigious Ruth Allen Award of the American
Phytopathological Society. Black is a professor
emeritus at the University of Illinois. The B.C.
Institute of Agriculture named G. Gary
Runka, BSA'61, agrologist of the year, and
regional range manager for Nelson, B.C. John
G. (Jack) King, BSA'64, received an outstanding achievement award from the Society of
Range Management....Widely-travelled United Church missionary, Katherine B. Hockin,
BA'31, (MA, EdD, Columbia), was the guest
speaker at the Oshawa Presbyterial United
Church Women's annual meeting. Hockin has
been both dean of studies and interim director
of the Ecumenical Institute of Canada and is a
widely-published author of numerous papers
and articles.
West Coast marine expert, Norman Rupert
Hacking, BA'34, received another medal for
his mantle in August at the Chateau Frontenac
in Quebec City: the Canadian Port and Harbour Association awarded Hacking their medal
of merit, "an award that is presented to an
individual for achievements in the maritime
field...for outstanding contributions to the
shipping industry, both as a shipping writer for
the Vancouver Province and as a maritime historian. "...Will there be sufficient scientific
personnel to solve Canada's—and the
world's—technological problems ofthe future?
An increasing number of educators think not;
among them is William L. Ford, BA'36,
MA'37, who voiced the fear in his convocation
address last spring at Dalhousie University.
Receiving an honorary doctor of laws degree,
he referred to the disturbing trend of declining
enrollment in the fields of natural, applied and
life sciences....Robert P. Forshaw, BSA'36,
(MSc, McGill), was doubly honored by the
alumni association of the Ontario Agricultural
College (OAC). He received the OAC Alumni
Distinguished Teaching Award and along with
it, he was the first grad to be presented with the
new accompanying honor, the Dick Waghorne
Teaching Award.
Having served as director of energy management since 1973, DanielM. Greeno, BASc'41,
has been appointed corporate vice-president in
charge of the newly established energy and
operating services department of the Stauffer
24 Chronicle//!urumn 1979
Tong Louie
Tong Louie, affable, smiling, extends a
hand to the visitor to his large office in
Burnaby's Lake City industrial park,
rolls a high-back chair across the room for
him, and wonders aloud — all the time
tinkering with his ever-present pipe — why
any journalist should want to interview
Why indeed? Who is this man?
Tong Louie, age undisclosed, son of an
immigrant Chinese market gardener, agriculture graduate in the University of B.C.
class of 1938, holder of the IGA (Indepen-
!«isnt Grocers Alliance) franchise for B.C.,
president of a large grocery supply company, chairman of the board of London
Drugs — and now, as of June, a director of
the Royal Bank of Canada, the country's
largest bank. '
Why indeed.
Lottie's iothing-interesting-about-me
modesty aside, he talks freely and openly
■aboutbusij|ess affairs, community involvement, bis family, and about his recent
appointment to the board of a prestigious
Canadian financial institution. He says with
a chortle that he doesn't know why the Royal's nominating committee would have chosen him, when there are other, larger business emperors around. He and his companies have dealt with the Royal for many
years and he's a shareholder (the federal
Bank Act requires that a director hold a
minimum of 2,500 shares — at current
prices for Royal shares, that's a $112,500
investment). He adds, though, that he
doesn't intend to ask any questions as to the
His visitor recalls Royal chairman Earle
"McLaughlin's 1976 comment, that appears
in retrospect to have been made hastily and
to bme returned to haunt him, that the
Royal was unable to find a suitable woman
to sit on its board, and wonders whether
that attitude might be applied to ethnic
groups as well. "A lot of people say that
'Maybe it's because you're non-Caucasian.'
I don't think that has anything to do with it,
nothing whatsoever," says Louie.
Whatever the reason, the appointment
has caused the public spotlight to focus os
Tong Louie. As president of H.Y. Louie
Co. Ltd., the grocery supply company that
his father founded, holder of the 40-store
IGA franchise, and head of the 13-store
London Drugs chain, he is a man with a
great deal of influence in British Columbia'1,
business community. He has maintained
and expanded the family business founded
in the province, and repatriated London
Drugs, which was begun in B.C., but tetter
bought by a Los Angeles-based company.
Was the buy-back a nationalistic move?
That in part, says Louie, but also "a sound
business decision."
His influence is felt in community activities as well. He's involved with the United Way of Greater Vancouver, a trustee of
St. Paul's Hospital, a counsellor for the
Vancouver Board of Trade, and a booster of
the YMCA, where he starts his day with a
workout and a run at least four or five times
each, week.
Louie's decision to enter his father's business sprang, in part, from his graduation
; from1tTBC. After receiving his degree in soil
science, he says, the one job offer he received was to join a fertilizer company in
Trail, B.C. That didn't appeal, so he joined
the family enterprise—"I'd always worked
in the food business," he says.
The family aspect ofthe company and the
UBC connection remain. His son Brandt,
35, the company's director of merchandising, graduated from UBC with a degree in
accounting. (His other son, Kurt, 32, is in
charge of the company's non-food operations.) His daughter Andrea is just entering
her final year toward a BA in English.
On weekends and when he's through
with his 10- and 12-hour business days,
Tong Lome escapes from the constant deluge of financial journals and business publications with golf club in hand. He says he
plays at goff — iad obviously does it with
the zest he applies to all his other activities. Angus Hanson
Chemical Company in Westport, Connecticut.... After 38 years in education as teacher,
principal and director, Ernest R. Ball, BA'47,
BEd'48, has retired as director of secondary
instruction in the Richmond school district.... "Uphill all the way," says Norman K.
Campbell, BA'44, about succeeding in Canadian show biz. Nonetheless, Campbell and
Don Harron are spending summer '79 on a
sand dune on P.E.I, outlining a feature movie
of Anne of Green Gables from the Charlot-
tetown Festival musical version. Campbell has
also held boredom at arm's length recently by
producing La Fille Mai Gardee on CBC with
the National Ballet and accepting the Order of
Canada... .The United States department of agriculture bestowed its highest award—the distinguished service award—upon the director of
the Beltsville agricultural research centre in
May. Angus A. Hanson, BSA'44, has directed
the Beltsville centre since 1972, and previously
was chief of the forage and range reserve research branch at Beltsville.
After 25 years with the federal government
research community, Charles D. Maunsell,
BA'45, MA'47, (PhD, Berkeley), retired as scientific consultant with the federal fisheries and
oceans department Atlantic oceanographic
laboratory at Bedford Institute of Oceanography (BIO). Awarded the Queen Elizabeth
Silver Jubilee medal in 1977, he joined BIO in
1963 where he began study in the area of
oceanographic structure on undersea sound
propagation. A long-time resident of
Dartmouth, N.S., he plans to return to the
west coast to live in Victoria....Head of the
program in genetics at Washington State University for a number of years, Robert A. Nilan,
BSA'46, MSA'48, has been named dean of the
division of science in the College of Sciences
and Arts at WSU....News from the B.C. provincial court includes the appointment of two
B.C. lawyers to the bench: Robert C. Jensen,
BA'48, LLB'56, called to the bar in 1951, will
sit in New Westminster and Kenneth J.
Scherling, LLB'61, will preside in Smithers.
Scherling was called to the bar in 1962.
Formerly associate director for UBC's Centre
for Continuing Education, Knutte Buttedahl,
BCom'50, MA'63, (PhD, Florida State), is now
president of the Pacific Association for Continuing Education (PACE). After leaving UBC
in 1975 to work with the international council
Ralph Sultan
for adult education and with UNESCO, he returned in 1977 to join the newly created centre
for human settlements as deputy director.... The rank of major-general was conferred
on brigadier-general Ernest B. Creber,
BASc'51, this spring. Creber has been director
general of land engineering and maintenance at
national defence headquarters, Ottawa since
1974....Tim H. Hollick-Kenyon, BA'51,
BSW'53, MSW'69, former executive director
of the alumni association, has earned his PhD
in higher education from the University of
Oregon at Eugene.
In order to set up a private practice in business evaluation, Arthur Guthrie, BCom'52,
(CGA; PhD, Washington), has resigned as associate professor of commerce at Simon Fraser
University. He will continue to present seminars in professional development and in other
areas of management.... A change in marketing
efforts in order to expand the Canadian operations of the National Life Assurance Company
of Canada has resulted in the appointment of
Stanley Ross Johnson, BCom'52, as executive
vice-president ofthe company. Prior to joining
National Life, Johnson was resident vice-
president in Canada for a major U.S. life insurance company.
Publishing and flourishing is Ian M.
Drummond, BA'54, who has just finished a
study of the international monetary system in
the 1930s. In addition to what Drummond calls
"the usual flow of papers," he has published
two textbooks (1966 and 1976), two monographs on 20th century British economic history
and is currently at work on the economic history of Ontario....The new president of the
Mining Association of B.C. Robert E.
Hallbauer, BASc'54, would like to be bullish
on mining expectations in the province, but
fears that first a strong sign from government is
needed—perhaps in the form of a tax break for
mining. Hallbauer is associated with Teck Corporation, Afton Mines, Newfoundland Zinc
Mines and Lamaque Mining Co....The mold
was cast back in 1920 when his father began his
rise to president of the Lethbridge Iron Works
Co. Ltd., one ofthe first manufacturing companies of Alberta, and now George B. Davies,
Jr., BASc'56, is president and general manager
of that same company.
Kenneth G. Watt, LLB'56, has been appointed vice-president and manager of the
Lummus Company Canada Ltd. He is responsible for the day-to-day activities ofthe Calgary
office and has held several senior positions with
the company in Canada and the US since joining in 1967....Michael A. Williams, BCom'56,
Fall 79
All home games start at 2 pm, Thunderbird
Sept. 22   UBC at Alberta
29 UBC at Manitoba
Oct.             6   Saskatchewan at UBC
12   UBC at Calgary
19 Simon Fraser at UBC
27   Alberta at UBC
Nov. 3   W.I.F.L. Playoff—#2 at #1
10   Semi-Final Bowl Game
17   College Bowl Game
Ice Hockey
All home games start at 8 pm, Winter Sports
Oct. 6 UBC at Port Alberni
7 UBC at Parksville
12 Alumni Game
20 Brandon at UBC
21 Regina at UBC
26 UBCatLakehead
27 UBC at Manitoba
28 UBC at Winnipeg
Nov.          2-3 Alberta at UBC
9-10 Calgary at UBC
16-17 UBC at Saskatchewan
23-24 UBC at Calgary
30 UBC at Regina
Dec.            1 UBC at Brandon
All home games start at 8:30 pm, War
Memorial Gym
Oct. 26 Grad Reunion Game
27 Sr. "A" Dogwood League
Nov. 2 UBC at Brandon
3 UBC at Regina
9-10 Sr. "A" Dogwood League
16-17 Saskatchewan at UBC
23-24 Calgary at UBC
30-Dec.2 U. of Victoria Tournament
For tickets and further information on the above
events or on any UBC athletic event, contact
the athletics office, 228-2295 (women) or
228-2531 (men). (It is suggested that you
inquire locally for location and time of "away"
At home or away —
a UBC team
needs your cheers...
Chronicle/Autumn 1979 25 Doris Andersen
i:v|» Was fire^lKjm ffet'itfys&y asassis-
t tint editor because she was "scared to
'death of writing an editorial."
It wasn't that fitoris Crompton Andersen,
BA529*»coalda*t write, because she had won
The tJbyssey's reporter's award in 1925 for a
spoof of the Frosh initiation. (The story
began 'A few days ago the wiM, wooded
:d|8tH|t,i^hfnd!:t^.ibr^.was;'iie scene ofa
lar^ assemblage of terror-stricken individuals. *) She had worked Iter way up to
assistant editor under senior editor Earle
Birney when other staff members included
JjHuwe Sinclair, Sadie Boyles and Mamie
Maloney. She just didn't feel omniscient
enough to write an editorial. As a result
Birney's successor as editor fired her.
Another story Doris tells of her Ubyssey
days is how Mamie Maloney took her, a
very shy "Fresbie", on the Frosh snake
dance, which was quite an event in those
days. The line rfdancers went,'iaand out of
downtown dance halls, blocking streetcars
and across the Strand Theatre stage.
She has had an interesting life and tells
about it with a gentle sense of humor. Her
father was one of those who came from
England because of the Yukon Gold Rush,
Doris was born in Tanana, Alaska in 1909
where she acquired a nickname, "Bunny,"
that's still with her today. Two years later
the family moved to California and later to
Victoria where memories of high school include playing Helena opposite Jack Shadbolt's Lysander in "Midsummer's Night
At UBC she met her future husband
George at a frosh reception. "He had to go
home at 11 because he was on iie football
team" she recalls with a smite b^catise after
ail, it was usually the girl who had to go
home* early.
After graduation it was library school at
the: University of Washington and while
ther# she married George "on an impulse
one weekend." After receiving her Ubrary
degree, she worked for the Vancouver Public Library for IS months. Tie VPL kept
her marriage a secret because in those Depression days it was not supposed to employ
married women.
Then came motherhood and three ehil-
dren. But in&er mid-40s Doris decided to
go back to library work. "I really started on
my library career and my writing in my old
age" she explains. It was in a era when most
women her age still stayed at home. She
worked with children's literature and history and started the VPL puppet shows.
She retired in 1975, a branch library head.
By this time she was the author of Blood
Brothers (Macmillan, 1970), Slave of the
Haida (Macmillan, 1974), runner-up for the
1974 Book of the Year award given by the
"Canadian Association of Children's librarians and Ways Harsh and Wild (J.J. Douglas, 1973), the Alaskan adventures of bet
father and his brother.
Her latest book, The Evergreen Islands
(Gray's* 1979), is about the history of the
beautiful — but relatively unknown — islands of the Inside Passage—Quadra, Cor-
tez, Redonda, Read and Malcolm. She
spent many summers on Quadra where her
father served as island postmaster after Ms
retirement. The story of these islands has its
share of eccentric, lawless characters — including a Jesse James-type desperado who
lived on Read Island — violent deaths and
pirate raids, perhaps even more so that the
Gulf Islands to the south.
Now that Doris Andersen has written all
these books perhaps the prospect of writing
aii editorial wouldn't be so awful now?
— Olga Ruskin
has been elected to the board of directors of
CanDel Oil Ltd. Currently executive vice-
president of CanDel, he is a member of the
Alberta Institute of Chartered Accountants, a
director ofthe Financial Executives of Canada,
and a past director of the United Way of Calgary...Paul Cameron Russell, BA'56, (DMA,
Michigan), professor of music, has been appointed to chair the department of music at
Alma College, Alma, Michigan.
Formerly chief economist for the Royal Bank
of Canada and more recently, vice-president,
finance and investments, Ralph George Sultan, BASc'56, (MBA, Harvard), has been
named senior vice-president, global marketing
division and chair of the asset-liability policy
committee of the Royal....John A. Bovey,
BA'57, MA'67, is now hard at work in Victoria
where he is the new provincial archivist for
British Columbia. Bovey has held the equivalent position in Manitoba where he was responsible for the transfer ofthe Hudson's Bay Company archives from London, England to Winnipeg.
Drumming up a degree in music education on
his way towards teaching is Stanley R. Perry,
BA'60. Perry is a professional drummer in Toronto where he plays in the Phil Nimmons Jazz
Quartet and the Nine Plus Six Group, while
studying at the University of Toronto The
May convention in Nanaimo ofthe British Columbia Historical Association resulted in the
election of Ruth Evelyn Barnett, BA'62, as
president. Editors ofthe B.C. Historical News
are now Patricia E. Roy, BA'60, PhD'70, and
Kent M. Ha worth, BA'68... .June M. Whaun,
MD'60, F.R.C.P.(C), is now a lieutenant-
colonel in the U.S. Army and pediatrician-
hematologist with the Medical Centre of the
Walter Reed Army Institute of Research in
Washington, D.C. Her appointment had to be
approved by the president ofthe United States
through a senate committee. Prior to her recent
posting, she was director of the Southern Alberta Oncology Program of the University of
The mediagenic career of Hilary G. Brown,
BA'62, continues to develop. Beginning with
CBC in Paris in the mid-'60s, Brown is now on
the international beat with NBC. She covered
the signing of the Egypt-Israel peace treaty in
March and credits the CBC with "opportunities
they gave me in getting into television" which
took her from Ottawa to ABC in New York and
now to NBC July saw Alfred A. Burgoyne,
BSc'62, begin his duties as head, mineral resource, with the department of Indian and
northern affairs in Ottawa. Burgoyne came to
the position from the UMEX Mining Corp.,
where he was exploration manager for western
Canada... .The Association of University Anesthetists elected Roderick K. Calverley,
MD'72, to its society this spring. He is associate clinical professor of anesthesiology at
the University of California, San Diego.
The first recipient of the Chemical Institute
of Canada's Alcan Lecture Award is Ronald G.
Cavell, MSc'60, PhD'62, whose research emphasizes fluorinated derivatives of phosphorous. Cavell has been a professor at the University of Alberta since 1974.... Acadia University
at Wolfeville, Nova Scotia, awarded Earle K.
Hawkesworth, MEd'62, with an honorary doc-
26 Chronicle//! utumn 1979 torate in education at their spring convocation.
Hawkesworth is the deputy minister of education for the province of Alberta Director of
the community planning branch of the department of municipal affairs in Fredericton, N.B.,
Tim J. Jellineck, MSc'63, has been in office
since 1968. He views the branch's function not
as a watchdog, but as an advisor to both municipal and unincorporated areas....Gerald D.
Palsson, BSc'63, BLS'66,(MA, Arizona), has
been appointed assistant university librarian
for reference services with the San Diego State
University library, where he has worked since
leaving the UBC library in 1976.
The last 15 years have been busy for Lorna
Mae Campbell, BEd'64, who is currently enrolled in a masters program at Ontario Institute
for Studies in Education. Selected as one of 20
women in 1978 for a leadership training program in Ontario, she is teaching grades seven
and eight math for the Toronto board of education and finding time to travel internationally
while working at becoming vice-
principal....Derek R. Francis, BLS'64, head
of technical services at Douglas College library,
has been appointed to chair the board of the
Richmond Public Library, and the Greater
Vancouver  Library  Federation Former
editor ofthe Vancouver Province, Robert B.N.
McConnell, BA'64, (MA, Chicago), is now the
publisher of the Gazette—the Montreal daily
newspaper. McConnell joined theGazette three
years ago and has been assistant publisher since
last December....From the Rocky View Times
& Airdrie Echo, Airdrie, Alberta, comes news
of John Antliff Brown, BLS'65, librarian at the
Airdrie High School library for the past three
years. A stamp collector and curler in his spare
time, Brown got a thank you for being "the
biggest asset" to the school's library.
With responsibility for all export operations
including subsidiaries in the United Kingdom
and Australia, David Hugh Morris, BCom'65,
is now controller ofthe international division of
the Toro Company.... Shifting librarians in the
Fraser Valley found Louise Harvey Magee,
BLS'66, replacing Deborah Duncan, BA'72,
MLS'77, who has become area children's librarian for the Fraser Valley, based in Chilliwack,
B.C. A strong believer in puppet shows to liven
up story hour, Duncan opened her new tour of
duty (which extends from Hope to Mission)
with Jack the Giant Killer... .Charles W.
Craig, BEd'67, is helping a lot of people learn
to read in Orillia, Ontario. Craig Reading and
Educational Services, Inc. specializes in one-
to-one techniques which enable non-reading
and non-writing adult students to learn in a
calm and friendly atmosphere. Perceptual
problems and dyslexia as well as no education
bring Craig's students to his Neywash Street
Only one year of study remains for Judith A.
Venning Cruikshank, BSc'67, to attain her
medical degree—from the University of
Adelaide, South Australia. Judith hopes to become active in a UBC alumni branch in
Adelaide... .Representing the CTV Network in
China is Dennis W. Mcintosh, BA'67, who has
been appointed to head the network bureau in
Peking. Previously, Mcintosh was CTV's
bureau chief in Washington, D.C, and he has
been with the network since 1969....Mark C.
Alexander, BA'68, has been named the Cana
dian Labor Congress representative for Prince
Edward Island. He is a former assistant professor of business administration at St. Francis
Xavier University at Antigonish, N.S Ber-
nadet Ratsoy, BSN'68, has become the director of nursing at St. Paul's Hospital in Vancouver.. .. From test tubes to milk bottles: After
five years with the RCMP crime lab in Regina,
David J. Perley, BSc'69, has become a dairy
farmer. His new farm is located 30 miles west of
Yorkton, Saskatchewan in Willowbrook.
The A.E. MacKay Research Fellowship from
the Nova Scotia Heart Foundation is helping to'
support Janet M. Davies, BSc'70, in her
studies at Dalhousie University where she is a
resident in anaesthesia and engaged in heart
research in physiology and biophysics....Students returning to Summerland secondary
school will have a new face as vice-principal—
James D. Fishenden, BEd'70, formerly vice-
principal at Revelstoke secondary.
Roger W. Clapham, BA'71, is making life
sweet for a lot of people. He's producing gift
packs of comb honey, which he dispatches to
faraway places like Japan and points west, on
his Aldergrove farm....With 13 years experience in the oil industry, James G. O'Genski,
BSc'71, has been appointed vice-president,
surveys, of Petroseis Energy Ltd....Peggy A.
Lew, BA'71, is executive secretary ofthe Save
the Children Fund in Vancouver. Urgently
Custom tailored coats for you and him in a
variety of styles in vibrant, natural, pastel
greys, creams and golds.
Kangaroo is ideal for west coast weather. The
fur is thick and fine and variesin length to one
and a half inches.
These warm, light-weight shower-proof coats
make truly unique gifts at a very reasonable
price. (From around $600.)
Call now for a no obligation personal showing
in the comfort of your home.
call collect (604) 985-3413
'Conservation dictated a reduction in the prolific kangaroo population.
verbum sapientibus satis
a good book
is the
life blood of a
master spirit
John Milton
ubc bookstore
on the campus 228-4741
ChronicleA4«umn 1979 27 David Morris
aware of the needs of some of the Third World
countries, she organizes the sponsorship of
needy children throughout the world....After
seven years of teaching English in Japan,
Claire-Lucy Toynbee, BSc'71, has decided to
make her career commitment official and has
enrolled in the English-as-a-second-language
program at the University of Hawaii.... Winner
of the 1979 Queen Elizabeth II British Columbia Centennial Scholarship of $10,000 over a
two-year period is Alexandra Volkoff, BA'71,
sometime Chronicle contributor. She will pursue a master's degree at the Institute of Development Studies at Sussex University in
Brighton, England. She has recently returned
from an extended stay in China.
Assistant deputy minister of fisheries in St.
John's, Newfoundland, is Leslie James Dean,
MA'73, who was formerly director of the provincial fisheries department The decade of
the divorce has given way to the year of
palimony—and Heather Manning Fay ers,
BA'73, LLB'76, tells everyone to "put it in
writing" in her new book, If you love me-put it
Alexandra Volkoff
in writing Merilyn Davis McKelvey,
BA'73, (MA, Waterloo), is with the architecture and planning firm of A.J. Diamond Associates of Toronto. A recent publication of
hers, "Missing History: Tracking down the
homes of our Prime Ministers" appeared last
year in the Canadian Magazine....A trio of
UBC grads presented the second concert of the
Chilliwack Community Music School in the
spring: Dietrich Bartel, BMus'75, his wife,
Jocelyn Bartel, BMus'75, and her sister, Valerie Victoria Ellis Poppy, BMus'73, performed work from Bach and Mendelssohn for
oboe, soprano and organ. The Bartels and Ms.
Poppy reside near Freiburg, West Germany
where they continue their studies of and work
in music.
What has no preservatives, no refined sugar,
no artificial additives, is thickened with
tapioca, comes in five flavors (plus plain), uses
non-sulphured raisins, has a flavor portion of
24 percent and is an instant hit with the consumer? The brainchild of Burnaby, B.C. food
technologist, Gail E. Christie, BSc'75, who
From the Hustings....
Canadians went to the polls in May this year
and now a number of grads find themselves
responsible for the destiny of the country.
British Columbians enjoyed the democratic
process twice as they elected their provincial government just 12 days before the federal election.
la B.C. the Socreds were returned to
power and Premier Bennett's cabinet is staffed by, among others: Garde Gardom,
BA'47, LLB'49, attorney general, (Van.-
Point Grey); Allan Williams, LLB'50,
labor, (West Van.-Howe Sound); Kenneth
Rale Mair, LLB'56, environment, (Kamloops); and, Patrick L. McGeer, BA'48,
MD'58, education, (Van.-Point Grey).
Among the newly elected MLAs are: Anthony Bnimmet, BEd'65, (North Peace
River — SC); Gordon Hanson, BA'70,
MA'73, (Victoria—NDP); Jack Heinrich,
BA'61, LLB'75, (Prince George North —
SC); Peter Hyndman, LLB'66, (Van.
South — SC); Stuart Leggatt, BA'55,
LLB'54, (Coquitlam-Moody — NDP);
James Lorimer, BA'48, LLB'49,
(Burnaby-Willingdon — NDP); Brian
Smith, BA'56, LLB'60, (Oak Bay-Gordon
Head — SC); Among those MLAs reelected to office are: Emery Barnes,
BSW'62, (Van. Centre — NDP); Rosemary Brown, BSW'62, MSW'67,
(Burnaby-Edmonds — NDP); Walter
Davidson, BA'62, (Delta — SC); Jack
Davis, BASc'39, (North Van.-Seymour —
SC); Gary Lank, BA'63, LLB'66, (Van.
Centre—NDP); Alex Macdonald, BA'39,
(Van. East — NDP); Lome Nicolson,
BEd'63, (Nelson-Creston — NDP); Karen
Sanford, BPE'56, (Comox — NDP);
Robert Skelly, BA*68, (Alberni — NDP);
David Stupich, BSA'49, (Nanaimo —
As a result of the federal election the
following grads are in office: Alphonsus E.
Faour, LLB'77, (Humber-Port-au-Port-
St. Barbe — NDP); John A. Fraser,
LLB'54, postmaster general and minister
ofthe environment, (Van. South — PC);
A. Ron Huntington, BSA'46, minister of
state for small business and industry,
(Capilano — PC); Walter t. McLean,
BA'57, (Waterloo—PC); Douglas C, Neil,
LLB'50, (Moose Jaw — PC); Arthur Phillips, BCom'63, (Van. Centre — LIB);
Svend Robinson, LLB'76, (Burnaby —
NDP); Mark Rose, BSA'47, (Mission-Port
Moody — NDP).
We hope our list of members is complete,
both provincially and federally — if not,
we'd like to hear from you.
was responsible for its development and flavor
experimentation, it's called "Nature's Treat"
and,  you  guessed  it—it's  yogurt.
Winner of the George M. Darrow award,
sponsored by the American Society for Horticultural Science is Tina Rowena Kyle,
BSc'77, a research assistant with plant sciences
at UBC. She shares the award with George W.
Eaton, a professor of horticulture at
UBC...B.C. cauliflower will soon appear in
retailers' vegetable coolers wrapped in cellophane a la California cauliflower. The field
pack (unwashed heads packed into boxes as
picked) doesn't maintain the freshness necessary to yield good return to the grower says Dan
Lutz, BSc'77, an agricultural economist in
British Columbia... .Linda Svendsen, BA'77,
was awarded first prize by Miss Chatelaine for
her short story "Gaspumps" in the magazine's
fiction contest. Svendsen has had other publication success with a play (produced at UBC),
another short story, and poetry published in
the Dalhousie Review and Canadian Forum.
Benry-McNulty. Frank McLaren Berry to Patricia Mae McNulty, BPE'73, MPE'76, June
16, 1979 in Vancouver, B.C....Campbell-
Bottoms. Neil Alexander Campbell, BA'75, to
Barbara Jean Bottoms, BHE'77, May, 1979 in
Victoria, B.C Dean-Gatley.  Douglas P.
Dean, BASc'78, to Diane J. Gatley, BSc'76,
May, 1979 in Kelowna, B.C....Stanfield-
Bennett. Norman Allan Stanfield, BMus'70,
MMus'77, to Linda Carol Bennett, BA'75,
MLS'78, June 6, 1979 in Vancouver, B.C.
Mr. and Mrs. Glenn Brandt, BEd'67, (Joan
Leslie McConachie, BEd'76), a son, Conor
Michael, July 5, 1979 in Burnaby, B.C....Dr.
and Mrs. D. Canned (Bronach R. Cole,
BEd'70, MBA'72), a son, Tavis Colin Peter,
August 29, 1978 in Vancouver, B.C....Mr. and
Mrs. Roger D. Chan, MBA'72, (Donna J.
McLeod, BEd'72), a son, James Ernest Chan,
October 25, 1978 in Caracas, Venezuela....Mr.
and Mrs. Terrence V. Corcoran, BEd'73, a
daughter, Kylie Beth, May 4, 1979 in
Kelowna, B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Ian W. Eas-
son, BSc'69, MSc'71, PhD'75, (Marguerita
Elaine Easson, BSc'73), a son, Warren William, June 20, 1979 in Hamilton, Ontario....Dr. and Mrs. Robert A. Griffiths,
BSc'71, BA'75, MD'77, (Andrea C. Davies,
BMus'76), a son, James Christopher, April 28,
1979 in Victoria, B.C....Dr. Edwin Charles
(Ted) Harare, BASc'64, PhD'70, (Elizabeth
Chataway, BA'67), a son, Douglas James
Chataway, January 14, 1979 in Regina, Saskatchewan Mr.  and Mrs.  Robert  M.
Hlatky, BSc'69, MA'73, a son, Kazimir
Jonathon Edward, March 22, 1979 in Vanderhoof, B.C.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert N. McRae, BSc'70,
MSc'72, PhD'77, (Grace Ann McRae, BA'72),
a son, Scott Edward Norman, March 24, 1979
in Calgary, Alberta... .Mr. and Mrs. Ronald E.
Newman, BSc'70, a son, Michael David O'Re-
gan, May 24, 1979 in Calgary, Alberta....Mr.
and Mrs. Gerald D. Palsson, BSc'63, BLS'66,
28 Chronicle/Autumn 1979 14 YEARS AGO THIS MAN
14 years ago, Marcel Follens, a tobacco farmer from
Delhi, Ontario acquired a valuable piece of machinery.
This 1966 Volvo.
He bought it because ads of the time said Volvos were
so durable they lasted an average of 11 years in Sweden.
"The car I owned at the time was nowhere near 11 years
old and it was already falling apart," Mr. Follens recalls.
"Trading it in for my Volvo was one of the smartest things
I ever did. I've driven this car a total of 146,000 miles,
much of it through my fields on short, dusty runs. Yet,
when I take it out on the expressway it still has the power
to pass just like it used to. After 14 years, I feel this Volvo
and I still have a future together."
It doesn't take 14 years to love a Volvo. Statistics show
that 9 out of 10 people who buy new Volvos are happy too.
So if you're unhappy with your current car, do what
Mr. Follens did after reading one of our      "VOJLiVO
ads. Buy one of our cars. A car you can believe in. THE WORLDS ONLY TOTAL-SYSTEM 110 SLR.
auto i JO
_*--■" ° '■■■»
Camera shown 75% of actual size.
*For price of camera as illustrated, see below.
System 10's automatic exposure system
is truly a wonder. Both aperture setting and
shutter speed are programmed by the camera
in accordance with the lighting conditions.
By ingeniously combining the shutter with
the aperture blades, Pentax engineers have
created an exposure system that's amazingly
sensitive and accurate, yet incredibly simple
to use. System 10 even employs Silicon
Photo Diodes, as opposed to the old, slow-
responding CdS cells.
Shutter speeds vary from 1 sec. to 1/750
sec., while EVs range from 3 to 17 (ASA
100 with Pentax 110 24mm f/2.8 standard
lens). Apertures range from f/2.8 to f/13.5
As unbelievable as it may sound, the
image in the viewfinder ofthe System 10
rivals that of even the best 35mm SLRs, in
terms of size, brightness, clarity and contrast.
Inside, you'll find a surprisingly large,
split-image finder, surrounded by a matte
I glass field. You'll
also see either a
green or a yellow
LED in the lower
right corner. The
green LED lights
| up when there's
enough light for shooting at shutter speeds
faster than 1/30 sec. If an exposure below
that speed is required, the yellow LED lights
up, meaning a tripod or flash is suggested
to shoot your picture.
The split-image finder, the LEDs, and
your subject are all you'll see in the
viewfinder. No needles. No clutter. All you
do is focus and shoot.
System 10 comes with a standard Pentax
24mm f/2.8 lens. It has 6 elements in 5
groups, and it's the equivalent of a normal
. 50mm lens in the 35mm format. Also
available are a wide-angle 18mm f/2.8
lens, perfect for scenics or interiors,
with 6 elements in 6 groups (35mm
equivalent: 35mm), and a moderate
telephoto 50mm f/2.8 lens, perfect for
portraits andcandids,
with 5 elements in 5
groups (35mm
equivalent: 100mm).
All lenses are bayonet-
mount, so changing them
is literally a snap.
A variety of close-up
lens attachments are also
50mm telephoto lens.
available, so you
can take terrific
macro shots of
stamps, coins, or
anything small.
The Pentax Micro Power Winder can fire off
exposures at 1 fps. It's compact, light, very quiet.
It even automatically advances your film to the
Catch the action with
first frame. It's powered by   the Micro rbwer Winder.
two penlight AA batteries,
which deliver over 1,200
exposures. And after the
last exposure on the
cartridge, no rewinding is
necessary. Just pop out the cartridge and get
it processed.
The Auto Flash AF 130 P threads and
locks into a socket on top ofthe System 10.
It's a "dedicated" flash which automatically
shutter speed and
aperture of the
camera. It provides over
250 auto exposures (from 2.6' to 15'), all
with just two 1.5V AA Alkaline batteries.
Individual UV and skylight filters may
be obtained for both standard and wide-
angle lenses. Collapsible lens hoods, camera
pouch, and eyepiece correction lenses as
well as close up lenses are also available.
The System 10 combines the sophistication and versatility of a modern 35mm SLR
with the compact ease ofthe 110 film format.
Ti the professional and the advanced
amateur it's an excellent second camera
that fits anywhere, and could even become
your camera of choice.
To the world of photography, it's a major
breakthrough. But then, that's no surprise.
After all, it's made by Pentax.
For more information write: Pentax
System 10, 1760 West Third Avenue,
Vancouver, B.C. V6J 1K5.
Ret8affS 6      ^239^ <Camera only
Price* " " *-'•       as illustrated.)
•Nationally advertised price. Actual selling price
may vary upwards or downwards at the
discretion of the dealer.


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