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UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle [1990-09]

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75 Years of
Athletics, Arts,
...and more
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Canada      Pastes
Post Canada
PosHfl* M - Post pay-
Bulk En nombre
third troisifeme
class classe
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Homecoming 1990
Affinity Card Application 343. A mo of Arwood's
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All orders subject to approval. © 1990 Quality Paperback Book Club . Volume 44 Number 3 • Fall, 1990
From Humble Beginnings    12
UBC's Origins and First Decade
Those Canadians from UBC  16
75 Years of Research
The Creative and Performing Arts    26
The Best of Art, Theatre, Literature and Music
The UBC Thunderbirds  33
A Legacy of Character and Characters
Pierre Berton 38
Media Star in the Making at UBC
A Library Tour with Boadicea's 3rd Cousin 42
Alumni President's Column  4
David Strangway  7
Campaign News  8
News   10
Acrostic Puzzle 46
Research in the Marketplace
Robert Harlow  	
Michael Conway Baker	
Homecoming Schedule
Chris Petty MFA'86
Assistant Editor
Dale Fuller
Audrey Grescoe, Alan Hindle, Chris Hives, Robin Laurence, Morna McLeod, Pearl Roberts, Marjorie Simmins,
Dona Sturmanis, Mary D. Trainer, Don Wells.
Archival Photos courtesy of UBC Archives
Editor's Notes
1 his issue of the Chronicle presents you with a taste
of UBC history. We've included a look at research, the
arts, sports and some profiles of famous grads.
Any attempt to sum up 75 years of active history,
especially in 48 pages, is doomed to be merely approximate: enough history, humour, invention, insight and
pure love of endeavour has happened on this campus
to fill many books. Our magazine can only breeze
through a few examples, give a few glimpses, entice a
few readers to seek out more.
For such a large, dynamic university, it's an
amazement that there isn't more written about its
history. Yet, our science writer says that little has been
written about UBC research since the '50s, and the
The UBC Alumni Chronicle is published quarterly by the UBC Alumni
Association, and is distributed free to
all graduates. Member, Council for the
Advancement and Support of Education. Indexed in Canadian Education
Index. ISSN 0824-1279.
Printed In Canada.
Executive Director
Deborah Apps
man who wrote our athletics article did so, he says, to
make a starting point for something bigger. Even the
article on the arts, excerpted as it is from a larger work,
only scratches the surface.
Consider this issue of the Chronicle as a bit of
finger food, a small dish of hors d'oeuvres. The real, full
UBC is out here on the cliffs of Point Grey, awaiting
your investigation.
We hope you enjoy this issue, and that you take the
time to come out to Homecoming. Pages 24 and 25
contain a breakdown ofthe activities you can attend,
or just come out and browse through the bookstore
and the libraries. Oh, and keep an eye out for Queen
Boadicea's third cousin. —CP Board of Management
Elected Members
Mel Reeves BComm'75, MSc'77, LLB
Senior Vice President
David Coulson BComm'76, LLB'80
Past President
Ann McAfee, BA'62, MA'67, PhD'75
Shayne Brent Boyd BComm'81
Members-at-Large 1989-91
Janet Calder, BASc'74, MBA
Martin Cocking, BA'87
Curt Latham, BA'58, MD'62
Members-at-Large 1990-92
Martin Glynn BA(Hons)'74, MBA'76
James Stich BSc'71, DMD'75
Jim Whitehead BA'62, MA'68,
MSc, PhD'87
Peter Baigent, CLU, RFP, CHFC
Marie Baigent, RFP, CLU
Laurence Pretty, MBA
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From   the
rTomecoming is an unusual event
in the university calendar. During
the rest of the year, the business of
a university is training inquisitive
minds, conducting research into the
mysteries of our time and advancing
the knowledge brought down to us
from the ages. But during
Homecoming the products of a
university, its alumni, come back to
look at the place that has shaped
much of their lives.
This year's Homecoming is particularly appealing. The university
has been producing leaders in business, science, education and the
arts for 75 years, and Homecoming events are aimed at celebrating the
accomplishments of the university and its graduates like never before.
Most of us still see UBC the way it was when we were students
here. We remember our haunts, our favourite cafeteria, the
residences, the people we knew, the profs. Most of us are shocked
when we come back to campus for the first time in many years.
Construction has been fairly consistent over the years, and while
many of the old haunts don't exist any more, each new generation of
students finds and establishes their own.
But that's the nature of UBC, and part of what makes it such an
exciting place. UBC has more than kept up with the rest of the world
in terms of invention and fresh thinking: it leads the world in many
areas. Our alma mater is developing ties with Asia Pacific nations that
will stimulate more investment and more jobs in B.C. than ever before.
We are attracting researchers in all areas of the university from all
parts ofthe world. Our reputation and our record of achievement
continues to grow.
So, take some time to come home to your university. Have a look
around and notice all the things that have never changed amidst all
the things that have. You'll notice that regardless of the changes,
there's still excitement in the air, still a sense of great things
UBC, like any university, depends on its alumni. Much of its
success is due to those graduates who have helped build a strong
province, and to those international grads who have built UBC's
reputation abroad.
Homecoming is a chance for you to get to know your university all
over again. Welcome back.
Mel Reeves BComm'75, MSc'77, LLB
President, UBC Alumni Association
4 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Homecoming
For more information on these
reunions and on other Homecoming activities, see pages 24—25 or
phone the Association.
Class of 1930: 60th Anniversary
Reception & Dinner, Sept. 5, Faculty
Class of 1940: 50th Anniversary
Dinner, Sept. 28, Faculty Club; Campus Bus Tour and Luncheon at Cecil
Green Park, Sept. 29.
Class of 1945 Civil Engineering:
Sept. 29, Faculty Club.
Class of 1950 Engineering: Dinner,
Sept. 29, Faculty Club. Contact Mark
Bradwell 988-5025 for more information.
Class of 1950 PE and Recreation:
Reunion Brunch, Sept. 30
Class of 1960 Civil Engineering:
Reunion, Sept. 28; Dinner, Sept. 29,
Graduate Students' Centre.
Class of 1960 Forestry: Oct. 13-14,
Class of 1960 Medicine: Sept. 14-
15, Blackcomb Lodge, Whistler.
Class of 1965 Engineering: 25th
Anniversary, Sept. 29, Engineers'
Class of 1965 Pharmacy: Sept. 29,
meet at Holiday Inn on Broadway.
Class of 1965 Geography: Sept. 29,
Class of '70 Law: Delta Mountain
Inn, Whistler, September 14-16.
Class of '70 Medicine: Delta Mountain Inn Whistler September 28-29.
Class of '75 Nursing: September 15.
Class of '80 Electrical Engineers:
September 20, Engineers Club and
on September 21 at Cecil Green
Class of '80 Forestry:  Vernon Park
Lodge August 17-19.
Class of '80 Geography: September
29 at the Faculty Club.
Class of '80 Law: September 28 at
Cecil Green Park.
Class of '80 Medicine: Whistler
September 15-17.
with books from UBC Press
Words We Call Home
Edited by Linda Svendsen
This commemorative anthology celebrates more than 25 years of achievement
for the UBC Creative Writing department. The more than 60 poets, dramatists,
and fiction writers included, many of them winners of prestigious literary
awards, provide just a sample ofthe energy and vision the department has fostered. Words We Call Home is a collection of work that will hold a special place
in the hearts of those who have watched UBC grow and flourish over the years
and of everyone who loves literature. $19.95 *
Several of the writers represented in this book will be participating at this year's Vancouver
Writers festival, 24-28 October.
Dear Nan1
Edited by Doreen Walker
Filled with colourful descriptions of everyday activities and revealing comments about other artists and the local art scene, the letters in this collection
were written during the most prolific period in Emily Carr_ career as both
painter and writer. Of the 250 letters included in the book, 150 were written
by Emily Carr while the remaining 100 all relate to Emily Carr. "This group
of letters has a sweep to it, a sense of change through time, that is quite
exciting." Dennis Reid, Curator of Canadian Historical Art, Art Gallery of
Ontario. "Here we get the inimitable revelation of the practical everyday
and earthy Emily, the irrepressible comic who sees things naturally in terms
of amusing homey metaphor." Doris Shadbolt, author of Emily Carr.
October, 4 pp colour and 8 pp b/w photographs, $29.95
Native Writers
and Canadian Writing
Edited by W. H. New
This book is a celebration of Native literature as an integral part of the
Canadian cultural scene, lt focuses on literature by and about Canada's Native
peoples and contains original essays and poems by Native and non-Native
writers. These not only reflect the growing prominence of contemporary
Native writing but also direct the reader to the myths, rituals, and songs that
have inspired it. he $34.95, pb $19.95 *
* These books have been produced to celebrate the 75th
anniversary of the University of British Columbia
Available in your bookstore or order by mail. VISA and Master Card accepted.
Shipping $1.60 for one book, $.50 each add 'I.
6344 Memorial Road, Vancouver, BC V6T 1W5
Chronicle/Fall 1990 5 Blythe A. Eagles
Dean Emeritus Blythe Eagles
died July 11, 1990. He was
born in 1902 in New Westminster and graduated from UBC
in 1922 with double honours
in biology and chemistry, and
a minor in agriculture. He did not participate in the Great Trek, but helped
organize it, and often paid tribute to the
quality of his education at the "Fairview
shacks." He was a lifelong supporter of
UBC and the Alumni Association.
After graduation, Eagles took a
fellowship at the U of T, where he obtained his M.A. He went on to get his
PhD at Yale University. He worked for
the U.S. Department of Agriculture,
and then studied in England and Germany, where he worked with some of
the world's foremost chemists, physiologists and microbiologists. In later
years these first-hand acquaintances
gave an unmatched vitality to his course
on the history of biochemistry.
In 1927 Dean Eagles returned to
UBC to teach and to pursue research.
In the tough years ofthe Depression he
was employed as a chemist by the
Powell River Pulp and Paper Company
but was able to resume teaching in
1933 and became head ofthe department of dairying. In 1955 he became
chairman ofthe division of animal sciences and dean of the faculty of agriculture, positions he retained until his
retirement in 1967. UBC honoured him
as a Great Trekker in 1966 and awarded
him an Honorary Doctorate of Sciences
in 1968.
Dr. Eagles was a superb teacher
and, like many prominent scientists,
his personal research is best recorded
in the outstanding research of his students. He was a Fellow of the Royal
Society of Canada, the Chemical Society of Canada and the Agricultural
Institute of Canada.
Under his deanship, the faculty
developed new programs and moved
from wartime huts to the MacMillan
Building. Few students passed through
the faculty who did not enjoy the hospitality of the Eagles' home on Deer
Lake. Faculty, neighbours and visitors
remember the warmth of the gatherings and garden parties. Faculty children, now grown and with families of
their own, will remember the Christmas parties the Eagles hosted in the
old Agricultural Engineering and Mechanics Building on campus.
Dean Eagles is survived by his
wife, Violet Eagles, and nephews Phillip and Steven Herring and their children.
—Food for Thought, the newsletter of
the Faculty of Agricultural Sciences
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6 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Seventy-Five Years of Meeting
the Challenge
David W. Strangway, President
Bach generation in UBC's 75
years has provided its own
unique challenge to the university, and each of these
challenges has produced a
major evolutionary change in
the university. In 1915, we began granting degrees under our own name, not
under McGill's, and the university
gained its own identity. In 1922, students convinced the government to
continue building the Point Grey site,
and the university gained a permanent
The financial calamity of the '30s
very nearly caused the closure of UBC.
But public outcry, belt tightening and
good management proved that the university had developed fiscal maturity.
The demands of research during
World War II, and the overwhelming
influx of returning vets afterwards,
proved to be one of the greatest challenges the university ever faced. The
rapid growth demanded by both those
forces caused upset, to be sure, but the
result was a larger, far more responsive
In the '60s, baby boomers reached
university age and put great stress on
our institutions. In the same decade,
B.C.'s post-secondary system grew with
the addition of degree granting universities and a province-wide system of
colleges. From being the only major
post secondary institution in the province in 1960, UBC had become, by the
late '60s, the premier institution within
a system that served a wide variety of
community needs.
The economic restraint ofthe early
'80s was another time of great stress
for us. However, the lessons ofthe Depression had been learned well: despite down-sizing and shrinking budgets, the university was able to draw on
the strength of its faculty, staff and
students and emerged from the period
strong and intact.
The current period is no less of a
challenge, and represents another
important evolutionary phase in the
university's history. The mid '80s presented a host of opportunities to UBC.
When I began my term as president, it
was clear to me that these opportunities were exactly right for the university
in terms of its evolution as a world-
class university. In the Mission Statement published in 1989, this evolutionary step was spelled out. We rein
forced our role as both an undergraduate and, increasingly, a graduate university, and we focused on our strength
in the study of the Pacific Rim.
We took a leading role in working
with colleges in Kamloops and Kelowna
to ensure that there would be degree
granting opportunities outside the
Lower Mainland.
The World of Opportunity Campaign we launched two years ago has
been very successful. It has made it
possible for us to take advantage of
new research opportunities in the arts
and sciences, build new facilities, fund
new scholarships, hire new academics
and further develop the vision Frank
Fairchild Wesbrook had 75 years ago:
to build a university of global stature
that provides an economic, cultural
and social focus for all the people of
British Columbia.
We have never been stronger in
terms of research, and we plan to grow
even stronger. Recent Centres of Excellence grants competitively awarded to
UBC were greater than those awarded
to any other university in Canada.
Grants we attract in the faculty of education are second to none, and we
continue to be highly competitive in
attracting funding to social sciences
and humanities research. In addition
to their commitment to match the funds
we raise in the campaign, the B.C.
government has announced its five year
capital building plan to construct badly
needed facilities on campus. These
plans complement the government's
intention to expand the degree granting opportunities in the province (both
graduate and undergraduate), ensuring that our participation rate is competitive with the rest of Canada.
All this adds up to a very exciting
period for advanced education in B.C.,
and for the university.
As alumni, this may be one of the
best times in our history for you to
return to campus for our Homecoming
celebrations. When you do, take a walk
around campus and notice all the signs
announcing new buildings. When you
come back to Homecoming in the year
2000, the campus will be transformed.
But whatever the changes wrought
to UBC physically, the spirit remains
the same. Remember, it is YOUR university. We welcome you to celebrate
75 years of history with us, and to help
us open the doors to the next 75.
UBC Intramural Sports
Invites Alumni...
to Celebrate Homecoming and the
75th Anniversary at a   Birthday extravaganza, by entering a team of 8 in
UBC's historical Ms *20 Relay, from
VGH to UBC, Sunday. Sept. 30.
■♦Race Time
Opening Ceremonies at
8:00 am - Buses leave
at 8:30 am - Race begins
at 9:00 am
»» Grand Prize Draw
(for Individuals and
teams —must be
present to win)
*• Cake Cutting
REGISTER: Sept. 10-28
$ 12.50 / person (Includes T-shirt)
For Info Call: 228-6000
Chronicle/Fall 1990 7 pportunity
Kids are watching
Leave it to Beaver, the
Mickey Mouse Club and I
Love Lucy. People are jiving
to La Bamba. Elvis is
making headlines: "Long Live the King of Rock and Roll!"
UBC launches the first major campaign for funds in its
42-year history.
The "Men to Match the Challenge of
the Province and the Nation" campaign was
launched in September 1957. The population on campus was 8,900, about the same
as that ofthe city of Kamloops. The 12,000
students expected in 1961 would be equivalent to the population of Nanaimo. UBC was
bursting at the seams, with more than 300
former army huts making
up to 50 per cent of the
university's total building
The campaign, also
called "the plan for '65,"
was designed to help the
university meet its immediate and most urgent requirements, and appealed for a
total of $5 million from
industry and the general
public. The provincial government would match all
funds. Projects earmarked
for funding included:
than $500,000 for the university and alumni
provided leadership for local campaigns
throughout B.C. and abroad. Alumni and
faculty giving reached a total of $450,000.
In April, 1958, the total contribution from
industry and the general public had reached
$8.5 million.
Hard on the heels of the 1957 cam-
Medical Sciences
Forestry and
Agriculture Building
Education Building
Chemistry Building
Fine Arts and Architecture
• Dentistry Building
• Library Addition
• Residences
• Commerce & Business
Administration Building
• Recreational Facilities
• Life Sciences Building
• Faculty Club
'The support of students
and alumni to the campaign
was outstanding," said UBC
President Norman MacKenzie.
Students    raised    more
UBC's "boy and girl of '65." This promotional photo was
taken for the 1957 campaign with the caption: "When they
are ready for UBC, will UBC be ready for them?"
paign, in 1964, the provincial government
announced the start of a Tri-University
campaign to raise funds for UBC, SFU and
UVic. The campaign was a first in several
respects: it was the first combined appeal in
North America by three universities; the objective of $28 million was the highest goal
ever set in Canadian fund raising; by August 1965, pledges surpassed $19 million
and constituted the largest sum raised in
any campaign in Canadian history.
The money raised from those campaigns helped to establish UBC as a major
university with excellent facilities. Now, UBC
needs help to meet the challenges ofthe '90s
and the 21st Century.
Studying in the 1950s
8 Chronicle/Fall 1990 u
Kids are watching reruns of Leave it to Beaver,
the Mickey Mouse Club and
I Love Lucy. People are
lambada-ing to La Bamba.
Elvis sightings are making headlines:  "The King of Rock
and Roll is Alive!"
UBC has launched the biggest university fund-raising
campaign in Canadian history.
The "World of Opportunity" campaign
was launched in March 1989. The population on campus has grown to 50,000, about
the same as that ofthe city of West Vancouver. In the 25 years since the last major campaign, the university has urgently needed a
multi-million dollar infusion of capital to
construct new buildings and to keep the old
ones from falling apart. In
addition, UBC President
David Strangway has appealed for help in completing what he refers to as the
"unfinished campus."
At its launch, the
campaign goal was $132
million, including dollar-for-
dollar matching funds from
the provincial government.
The money raised through
the campaign will provide
the university with facilities, scholarships, endowed y '
chairs and equipment. The
more than 80 projects earmarked for funding include:
million. It will give the university flexibility
to fund unexpected opportunities in the
areas of learning, research, public service,
national entrance scholarships and graduate fellowships. Thanks to pledges already
made by the Vancouver Foundation and the
provincial government, alumni contributing specifically to the President's Fund can
Studying in the 1990s
Institute for Asian
Chair in Paediatric
Infectious Diseases
Creative Arts Centre
• Chair in Neurosciences
• Student Sports Facilities
• Disability Resource Centre
and Rick Hansen National
• Media and Graphics
Interdisciplinary Centre
• Chair in Landscape and
Liveable Environments
• Food Quality and
Management Centre
• Centre for Applied Ethics
Alumni are especially
encouraged to contribute to the
President's Fund - an unrestricted   endowment   of   $24
UBC's "boy and girl of '65" undergo the aging process, as
illustrated by UBC's department of biomedical communications. Their children could now be attending the university.
see their donations quadruple in value.
To date, a number of buildings have
been fully funded through the campaign:
the Chan Centre for the Performing Arts,
Green College, the Morris and Helen Belkin
Art Gallery and the David Lam Management
Research Centre.
The campaign has progressed extremely well and the university is ahead of
its goal at the mid-point. Despite the success, many priority projects are not fully
Fund-raising campaigns of the 1950s
and '60s helped to shape UBC into the
institution of excellence it is today. Once
again, the university needs our support to
ensure its future.
Chronicle/Fall 1990 9 News
Take a Bicycle Trip to
Provence in May: air thick with the
scent of flowers, market stalls full of
early-summer fruit, crocque monsieur
and a cup of espresso or un demi at a
sidewalk cafe. Landscapes right out of
a Van Gogh painting. Aries, Remy-de-
Provence, Reims. Heaven.
The Alumni Association, with Atlas Travel, is organizing a bicycle tour
of this magic part of France for the
Spring of 1991. Interested in the trip of
a lifetime? Call Hilde Gregory at the
Alumni Association offices. 228-3313
for details.
California Newsletter
in the Works
California Alumni will soon be
getting their own Newsletter. Grads in
the golden state should send news,
pics and updated addresses ASAP so
we can get to work!
The purpose ofthe Newsletter is to
engender a sense of UBC unity among
California grads, to help publicize UBC
abroad, help you form a network, and
encourage Californians to think about
UBC when they think of going to an
out-of-state university.
Mail your news to "California
Branch News." care ofthe Association
UBC Alumni:
Whereabouts Unknown
We have contracted with the Harris Publishing Co. to produce a directory of all living UBC grads. The new
UBC Alumni Directory will be an up-to-
date, complete reference of over 95,000
UBC alumni. You will soon be able to
locate all your old friends with this
library-quality directory.
Harris will be researching and
compiling the data for the directory by
mailing a questionnaire to every alumni.
If you prefer not to be listed, please
contact us as soon as possible.
Look for more details on this project in future issues of The Chronicle.
We would like to offer a special thanks to
Jim Dutton and Alan Lawley, managers of
The Rose and Crown Pub
at Yonge & Eglinton in Toronto for their support of the TO Branch Pub Nights
Branch Activities
London: 140 Alumni and friends
joined Chancellor Leslie Peterson at
BC House on July 27 to help celebrate
UBC's 75th.
Kelowna: Alumni and members of
the UBC Board of Governors attended
a dinner on June 6 to commemorate
the 75th.
Los Angeles/San Diego: 35 Alumni
and friends attended a BBQ at the La
Jolla Beach and Country Club on
July 14. Watch for details on the next
event in November or December.
Watch for the California Newsletter!
Calgary: A panel discussion on the
environment and sustainable resources will be held in Calgary on
September 25 in the Science Hall,
7:30—9:30 pm, University of Calgary.
Toronto: The regular Alumni Pub
Night will be held at the Rose and
Crown, Yonge and Eglinton at 8:00
pm on September 19. All Alumni and
friends welcome.
MAY 24, 1991
 invite you to join them!   If you are between the ages
of 18 and 82, this trip's for you!   Designed for the casual
cycler, you'll see France at your leisure.  Warm up with a
ride to the Pont du Gard, cycle through the vineyards of
Chateauneuf de Pape, past Roman Ruins and medieval
villages of the Provence area.    Accommodation is deluxe
and unique and meals will be a sample of France's best.
Land package for 9 days - $3239.00 Cdn. per person  Based
on two sharing. Comprehensive Insurance - $34.00
I'm interested! Rush me more
I—I  YES! I'm going! Deposit of
$500.00 per person enclosed.
UBC ALUMNI OFFICE,   6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C.  V6T1W5   or call 604-228-3313
10 Chronicle/Fall 1990 News
Call for
Oince we will not be printing a Fall
edition of the Chronicle, we are calling
for nominations in this issue. Ballots
and nominees for next year's Board of
Management will be included in the
Spring Chronicle. At that time, the
Senior Vice-President, Treasurer and 3
Members-at-Large will be elected.
The Senior Vice-President serves
for one year then automatically becomes President of the Alumni Association. The Treasurer serves for one
year and is responsible for the financial
reports of the Association. Members-
at-Large serve for two years, sit on the
Board and work on various committees.
Any graduate of UBC is eligible to
run for office. If you are interested in
running for any of these positions,
please send your name, address and
year of graduation along with a brief
statement of your platform. The nomination must be accompanied by the
signatures of five nominators who are
also graduates of UBC.
If you have any questions about
these positions, please call the Alumni
Association offices at (604) 228-3313.
The deadline for nominations is
4:00 pm Thursday, February 14, 1991.
Send completed nominations to: Dave
Coulson, Senior VP, 6251 Cecil Green
Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
A Watercolour by Toni Onley. "L'BC, 15 December, 1989"
Dear Fellow Graduates,
In honour of the 75th Anniversary of UBC, B.C. artist Toni Onley created a beautiful watercolour painting of the UBC Campus which was featured on the cover of the UBC Chronicle (Summer, 1990), We are pleased to be able to offer you a high quality reproduction of this painting, suitable for framing, as a unique memento of your University. The same image has been used to
create a handsome greeting card, available in sets of one dozen. Proceeds will be used to enhance graduate training at UBC.
[    ]     24" x 28" @ $25 ea.
[    ]      1 Doz, Greeting Cards® $18p/doz.
Name           .    Tel.     Sub Total
Address  +6% S.T.
        Postal Code        ...... Shipping
+$4 lor 1 or more posters
+$4 for each box of cards
Signature  Total enclosed
Make cheque or money order payable to Department of Psychology, UBC and return to: 2136 W. Mall, UBC, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1Y7
Chronicle/Fall 1990 11 From Humble Beginnings
UBC's Origins and First Decade
by Christopher Hives
he idea of establishing a provincial university
in B.C. first came in 1877 from John Jessop,
superintendent of education. He was concerned that local students would be forced to
travel to other provinces and countries to get
a university education. But other considerations occupied the attention of those responsible for building a new province and the
matter of a provincial university lay dormant until the
In 1890, the provincial legislature passed "An Act
Respecting the University of British Columbia." Under terms
of the Act, all graduates of any university in the Dominion
residing in British Columbia became members ofthe university and constituted the first convocation. A committee
struck at the first meeting of convocation drafted a series of
amendments to the 1890 Act which were adopted and
passed in 1891. Unfortunately, the "British Columbia
Amendment Act" carried the seeds of its own destruction.
One of its provisions required that a meeting of senate be
held within one month ofthe election of senate by convocation. After the June 1891 election of Senators the July
meeting failed to produce a quorum. Consequently, no
further action was possible under the 1891 Act and the first
attempt to establish the University of British Columbia
With virtually no prospect of establishing a provincial
university immediately, those interested in the matter of
higher education in B.C. explored the idea of setting up a
working relationship with existing Canadian universities.
Acts passed in 1894 and 1896 allowed B.C. high schools to
affiliate with Canadian universities. The high schools could
then be incorporated as colleges of those institutions. Under
these enactments Vancouver High School affiliated with
McGill University in 1899 and offered first year Arts courses
under the name Vancouver College. Although the success of
the program prompted an expansion in course offerings to
include second year Arts courses in 1902, students were still
required to travel to McGill University to complete their
The effort to establish closer connections with McGill,
and to provide a wider selection of offerings resulted in two
1906 Acts which provided for the establishment of McGill
University College of British Columbia. All connections with
Vancouver College were severed and the new institution
functioned as an independent college of McGill. McGill
University College operated between 1906 and 1915 and allowed several hundred B.C. students the luxury of home-
based higher education. Although it experienced substan
tial support, this development did not proceed unopposed.
Some people hoped for an affiliation with the University of
Toronto while others felt it vital to develop an indigenous institution. The arrangement was attractive to the government, as it allowed for the provision of higher education
without requiring the province to underwrite the entire cost.
The establishment of McGill University College of B.C.
did little to discourage the efforts of those wanting to build
a provincial university. In 1908, their efforts resulted in the
passage of "An Act to Establish and Incorporate a University
for the Province of British Columbia." Much ofthe credit for
this legislation belongs to the personal efforts of Dr. Henry
Esson Young, who served as provincial secretary and minister of education.
The provincial legislature passed an act in 1910 establishing a Site Commission. After a careful examination of
several cities and rural areas, the commission selected Point
12 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Grey as the most suitable location for the university. The
government agreed and granted a 175-acre site at Point Grey
to the university.
In 1912 Young announced a competition for the general
design of the university as well as detailed plans of four
buildings to be constructed immediately at the Point Grey
campus. The plans submitted by the firm of Sharp and
Thompson won the competition. The most significant event
of 1912 was the first meeting of convocation under the terms
of the 1908 Act. The 849 members of convocation elected
Francis Carter-Cotton as UBC's first chancellor, and a
fifteen-member senate. This meeting laid the foundation for
the establishment of the new university.
Frank F. Wesbrook became the university's first president in 1913 after a lengthy and judicious selection process.
In describing the criteria for filling the position Young
explained that the candidate had to be "first of all a Canadian, young enough to take charge vigorously, a man
thoroughly capable ofthe hardest job outside that of Premier
in British Columbia." Wesbrook came to UBC after a distinguished medical and administrative career at the University
of Minnesota. He brought with him a grand vision of what the
university might become. Wesbrook inspired idealism in
those who knew him and he sought to broaden the concepts
of the function of a provincial university. In describing his
goals for the university he said "...may ours be a provincial
university without provincialism. May our sympathies be so
broadened and our service so extended to all the people of
the Province that we may indeed be the people's university,
whose motto is tuum est."
Wesbrook, together with the board of governors and the
senate, assumed the task of organizing the new university
and ensuring that it opened, as originally scheduled. Fall of
1913. The enormity ofthe task, however, prompted Wesbrook to request that McGill University College continue to
provide higher education in B.C. for two more years.
In 1913 the Legislature voted $500,000 for university
funding with a promise of $1,000,000 for the following year.
This enabled the university to proceed with the task of
clearing the Point Grey campus. Work began on the Science
Building the following summer and soon the concrete and
steel framework began to take shape.
The outbreak of World War I halted the ambitious plans
for the Point Grey campus. With the diversion of resources
for the war effort it was decided to withhold the contract for
the completion of the science building and to postpone
expenditures for the library and grounds. For almost a
decade the bare girders of the science building came to
symbolize the unrealized vision of the Point Grey campus.
UBC Opens at Fairview (1915)
In spite of suspending work on the campus, the provincial government did provide sufficient funds to open the
University of British Columbia on 30 September 1915. At
that time, many ofthe faculty, staff and students, as well as
the assets of McGill University College were transferred to
the new provincial university. The opening of UBC on the
Fairview property of Vancouver General Hospital passed
without ostentatious ceremony in deference to the demands
ofthe war and because the facility lacked any building large
enough to accommodate the entire student body of 379.
The use of the shacks at Fairview was viewed as an
exigency measure and those connected with the new university hoped that work would soon resume on the Point
Grey campus. With a depleted treasury, however, the provincial government did not consider the expenditure of
funds on the university as a high priority. UBC would spend
its first decade at Fairview. Unfortunately, president Wesbrook died shortly before the Armistice in 1918—his dreams
for a new campus for the university still unrealized. He was
replaced by Leonard S. Klinck who had been the university's
first appointment as dean of agriculture in 1914.
With every passing year at Fairview, the inadequacy of
the facilities became increasingly obvious. Between 1916
and 1922 enrolment at UBC expanded by 211% while the
(left) Frank Fairchild Wesbrook (3rd from left) and site architects pour over
designs for UBC in 1913. (above) Fairview campus looking east from roof of King
Edward School. 1915-19.
Chronicle/Fall 1990 13 The view west from the library. May, 1924 (top) and September, 1925. The rail line in the 1924 photo connectedto the aerial
tramway that brought building supplies up the cliffs from the ocean.
capacity ofthe buildings had only grown by 25%. The public
and private wards of a small three-floor former hospital
building made reasonably good classrooms while the rest of
the facilities including the auditorium, offices and lecture
rooms were housed in old army shacks. As the number of
students grew, additional space had to be found. Agricultural classes were conducted in a private residence, French
taught in the basement of a Baptist Church unused by its
congregation during the week, and chemistry classes conducted in the famous "chemistry tent" erected on the Fairview
Despite the overcrowded conditions and inadequate
facilities, the experience ofthe students at Fairview was not
entirely negative. In the period following the war, returned
soldiers brought back with them a spirit of optimism. J.V.
Clyne later recalled his Fairview years as "a very happy and
exciting experience." There existed a feeling of camaraderie
and a sense of participation in the building of a great B.C. institution. Clyne added that it was a "highly rewarding and
fruitful experience for young people to have had the oppor
tunity of associating on a more or less equal basis with men
of wit, wisdom and great intellectual capacity." Despite these
positive aspects, however, the truth remained that UBC
desperately needed new facilities.
Student Campaign and Great Trek (1922)
The increasing hardships in conducting classes at
Fairview prompted UBC students to solicit public support
through a petition to encourage the provincial government
to resume work at Point Grey. A.M.S. president Ab Richards
headed a "Build the University" campaign beginning in the
Spring of 1922. An Executive Committee consisting of
Richards, R.L. McLeod, J.V. Clyne, Betty Somerset, Marjorie
Agnew, Jack Grant, Aubrey Roberts, Al Buchanan, Percy
Barr and Alumni Association president John Allardyce
coordinated the student activities. The campaign began with
the collection of signatures when students went back to
their home towns for the summer. After returning to Vancouver in the Fall, the students took their petition door-to-
door and also spoke to various organizations. The publicity
14 Chronicle/Fall 1990 campaign also received good support from the press. The
week of October 22nd to 29th was declared Varsity Week. By
this time the signatures on the petition numbered 56,000.
The activities of the week ended in the pilgrimage to Point
Grey, now known as the Great Trek.
On October 28th almost 1,200 students with floats,
bands and banners marched through downtown Vancouver
and on to the Point Grey campus. Arriving late in the
afternoon, the students climbed the concrete stairs of the
Science Building and hung their banners on the exposed
girders. The students then formed a living "U B C" on the
ground as a symbolic gesture to lay claim to the unfinished
campus. The pilgrimage ended with the dedication of the
cairn which still stands in front of the Chemistry Building.
The students threw stones in the hollow centre of the
structure which had been designed by the university architects and built from rocks gathered on the campus site. It
was somehow fitting that tbe students completed the first
structure at Point Grey. Richards expressed the hope that
"very soon around this pile of rock, buildings will rise and a
university be established which will bring credit to our Alma
Mater and renown to the province."
Following the trek, Richards, Grant and Clyne went to
Victoria and presented the 56,000-name petition to Cabinet.
Six page boys hauled the petition rolls into the House. Premier John Oliver adjourned the Legislature to listen to the
student representatives. Their presentation and the solid
public support shown by the petition convinced the government to resume work on the Point Grey site.
The successful campaign to "Build the University" was
noteworthy in that it was entirely conceived and conducted
by the students of UBC. In addition, the activities of the
students in undertaking an intensive public-awareness
campaign helped to promote a better understanding of the
goals and functions of the university amongst British Columbians.
New Campus at Point Grey (1925)
The government provided funds to complete the Science
Building and erect the Library and Powerhouse according to
the original plans with the remaining requirements to be met
by "semi-permanent" buildings. Completed in 1923 and
1925 respectively, the Science Building and Library stood as
impressive but isolated structures on the stark campus. The
granite facing stone used in their construction was quarried
on Nelson Island in Pender Harbour and carried by barge to
the foot ofthe Point Grey cliffs. From there workmen hauled
the stone to the building site using an aerial tramway and
light railway system.
In the Spring of 1924, work began on six new frame and
stucco buildings on the campus. Constructed at an approximate cost of $500,000, the buildings were originally intended to last for twenty or twenty-five years "if required".
They included agriculture, applied science, arts, auditorium, and administration. Despite their impermanence, the
original buildings are still in use sixty-five years later.
On September 22, 1925, the University of British Columbia welcomed approximately 1,400 students to opening
lectures at the new Point Grey campus. Gathered for the
inaugural general assembly, the students heard president
Klinck emphasize the significance of the day in the university's history: "...this morning, over this land and in many
other lands the thoughts ofthe graduates ofthis university
fondly turn to their Alma Mater. Mere change of location
does not separate us. Henceforth, there is no 'old' or 'new',
just the University of British Columbia."
The 1925 campus was significantly less grandiose than
that envisaged in the original 1914 plan. Although freed
from the inadequate and overcrowded facilities at Fairview,
certain aspects of the partially-unfinished campus left
something to be desired. Only a modest few buildings dotted
the spacious campus. There were no trees or grass and
roads and sidewalks were only just under construction. The
students had no playing fields or gymnasium. Piles of
building debris littered the campus with dust and mud everywhere. Initial conditions were such that some students
light-heartedly considered a return trek to Fairview.
From these humble beginnings the University of British
Columbia has developed into an outstanding institution of
higher education during its seventy-five year history. The
true test will come twenty five years from now during the
university's centenary. Its success may then be measured
by the degree to whicb the institution continues to be driven
by the original spirit instilled and inspired by Wesbrook and
the other pioneers who shaped the university during its
formative period.
Christopher Hives is the University Archivist
Chronicle/Fall 1990 15 "Those Canadians From UBC"
Seventy-five years of research and development
have put UBC on the international map
hen Point Grey was
chosen by the University Site Commissioner in 1910
for the campus of
the proposed University of British
Columbia, one of its
primary attractions
was tbe vast, undeveloped tract of
land. Two hundred
and fifty acres were to be set aside for
the campus, but three times as much
would be designated for agricultural
and forestry research purposes.
British Columbia, since the turn of
the century, had been involved in a
natural resources and industrial boom
that desperately required a university
able to produce trained professionals
and generate scientific and technological applications to keep pace with the
The 1907 University Endowment
Act set the priority of the new university to develop the mining, forestry,
and agricultural resources ofthe province and to educate those who would
aid in that development. The added
emphasis on natural and health sciences was fostered by the first president, Frank Fairchild Wesbrook. A
Canadian-born pathologist and bacteriologist, he was dean of the medical
faculty at the University of Manitoba,
and 1905 President of the American
Public Health Association.
The Science Building, not surprisingly, was the first construction contract to be awarded for the new university, but World War I halted its erection
at the skeleton stage. While the battle
raged on in Europe, would-be UBC
students studied at McGill University
College at Fairview while 80 acres of agricultural experimental plots were quietly cleared away at Point Grey. Though
there was no campus, well-known scientists were appointed during the war
years—includingT.C. Hebb in physics.
Alden F. Barss in horticulture, Paul A.
Boving in agronomy, and W.L. Uglowin
geology. Wesbrook died of exhaustion
in the middle ofthe war without seeing
his university built, and was replaced
as president by Leonard Sylvanus
Klinck, dean of agriculture.
With soldiers returning to study
after the end of World War I, the student population at the Fairview campus increased to 1,200 by 1920-1921.
During this period, the first UBC
research grants for science and applied
science began. Agriculture received
$14,000 from a Captain Dunwaters to
purchase Ayrshire cattle from Scotland; B.C. firms contributed laboratory
equipment valued at $20,000 to the
faculty of applied science for mechanical and electrical engineering. A number of published papers emanating from
these faculties helped the fledgling
university establish its early reputation for notable research. Some ofthe
authors included: Boving and Moe in
agronomy; Hebb and Hennings in
physics; Uglow and Williams in geology; Lloyd, Asmundson, and Biely in
"As the research arm of
the province, it will be the
policy of the University of
British Columbia to place
its resources for research
at the service of its
-UBC Calendar
by Dona Sturmanis
poultry husbandry.
The general university population
began a steady increase at the Point
Grey campus over the next decade,
but, in 1929, there were only 46 agriculture students. Yet, this department received one-quarter of total university
research funds, much of it for projects
involving many years of experimentation—pure science applications to agricultural problems. Agriculture carried out a large portion of campus
research, but other jealous faculties,
uncomprehending farmers, and a non-
sympathetic provincial government
found such an imbalance to be unfair.
President Klinck, former dean of
agriculture, defended the size of the
agriculture budget, and almost lost his
appointment as a result of his stubbornness. But the realities of the Depression were far more significant, and
the total university budget allocated by
the provincial government was so low
that the very existence of UBC was
threatened. Agriculture suffered most,
with almost all of its research at a
standstill by 1932. Jacob Biely's fowl
paralysis work was kept alive by donations from Vancouver feed companies.
Little research in other science
faculties took place during the Depression, but what was done was significant. J.A. Harris studied rare earths;
Dolman investigated undulant fever,
botulism and staphylococcal infection;
G.J. Spencer examined insect pests.
George Volkoff, dean of sciences from
1972 until his retirement, began at
UBC as a physics student in 1930. His
work would net him a Governor General's award in 1934.
Ian McTaggart Cowan, now director of the Council of Colleges in B.C.,
and dean of graduate studies at UBC
until 1976, was a student in the zoology department from 1927 to 1931.
"When I was a student, research was
being done with almost no financial
support," he recalls. 'There were very
16 Chronicle/Fall 1990 good people there, but little or no graduate work. The research was done by the
faculty." He remembers zoology's Charles McLean Fraser, then world authority on hydroids. He started his research
with a grant from California.
During the period between the
Depression and World War II, research
on campus rebuilt itself slowly. Cooperative agreements with the Dominion
department of agriculture as well as
other government and private sources
enabled the faculty of agriculture to
continue its experimental work with
wheat, alfalfa, and cattle. Alexander S.
Munro had left a bequest of $80,000 in
1933 for medical research. There was,
however, no faculty of medicine in which
to carry out the work, so arrangements
were made to use the laboratories of
the department of bacteriology in conjunction with Connaught Laboratories.
By 1939, a department of preventative
medicine was planned, but this would
be thwarted by World War II.
"Those pre-war days were the days
when the university was being ground
down by an inhospitable provincial
government," says McTaggart-Cowan.
But by 1937-1938, the total grant from
the B.C. government to UBC was back
up to $400,000, including small
amounts for research.
eptember,     1939
S marked the 25th
academic year of the
university. On the
10th day of the
month, Canada entered the Second
World War. Like all
universities, UBC
was suddenly called
upon to accelerate
its research to wage
war against a technologically sophisticated enemy. Said
President Klinck in his 1940-1941
Annual Report: "...the university has
been prepared to put at the disposal of
the Government all possible assistance
by way of laboratories, equipment, and
trained personnel."
In 1939, the National Research
Council advised all science students to
study until graduation because of the
need for highly-trained personnel in
the Armed Services, but by 1940, all
physically fit male students were required to take compulsory military training. New, pertinent courses such as
chemistry of munitions and rigid and
fluid mechanics were added to the curriculum, and science programs flourished.
"It was an absolutely mad time
during the war," remembers McTag-
The frame ofthe Science Building. For 10 years, this was the only structure on the
Point Grey campus.
gart-Cowan, who had been appointed
to his old alma mater to teach vertebrate zoology. "We had no masters
degree programs prior, and suddenly
we had crash programs for pre-meds.
We had a special lab attached to the
Chemistry Building. The lab held 32
students. I held classes in embryology
and also comparative anatomy. I taught
from 8 am to 10 pm every day for two
years. The students did pre-med in two
War-specific research projects on
campus were countless. Studies were
conducted by all science faculties on
everything from food poisoning to solvent extraction of coal and shale and, of
course, war armaments. The department of geology and geography explored for strategic minerals. One of
the cordites developed by the department of chemistry was put into commercial production in 1942. The faculty
of applied science tested machine parts
and smelted low grade ores. The department of mining and metallurgy
changed its research emphasis from
mining and smelting metallurgy to
manufacturing metallurgy as a result
of its association with the War Metals
Board. Tungsten, nickel, and antimony
were treated in an experimental mill
extracting low-grade ores for commercial use.
The main research efforts in the
faculty of agriculture were directed
towards solving food production problems for Allied Forces and the general
population, much of it a continuation
of the experiments conducted during
(top) UBC's first president, Frank
Fairchild Wesbrook. (bottom) Leonard
S. Klinck succeeded Wesbrook and
served for 25 years.
Chronicle/Fall 1990 17 Physics lab at UBC's Fairview campus, 1920
the lean Depression years. Researchers in the department of dairying made
advances in the science of cheese
making and helped increase the province's cheese output. A superior breed
of chicken—the Hampbar—was created in the department of poultry husbandry under E.A. Lloyd.
A significant development occurred
in 1944 with the formation of the British Columbia Scientific Research Council. It brought government, industry
and the university together to centralize applied research. Head ofthe physics department, Gordon Shrum, was
appointed acting head. The non-profit
B.C. Research Council, with the underlying purpose of supplying science and
technology for provincial development,
operated out of a small group of huts on
A private company since 1988, B.C.
Research Corporation still retains its
ties with UBC in joint projects such as
food product development and processing, ocean technology and alternative fuel research. Says president Terry
Howard: "We see the B.C. Research
Corporation as a major provincial focus for industry research and development in B.C., serving both private firms
and government."
Overall, the Second World War
served to enhance the university's value,
both as an institution and as a servant
of the provincial economy. The period
following was marked by the onslaught
of platoons of returning soldiers and
serious growth on campus.  Physics,
biological sciences, pharmacy, bacteriology, preventative medicine, agriculture and horticulture all received new
housing, critical for urgently needed
teaching and research activities. The
faculties of medicine and pharmacy
were created, and forestry was elevated
to a faculty in 1951.
The war's catalytic
effect on research
also resulted in the
1947-48 creation of
the faculty of graduate studies. In a
major 1946 drive to
collect $ 1 million in
research support
funds, the university did not achieve
its goal, but it served
to increase funds in progressing years
from various sources.
The first functioning medical faculties were anatomy, biochemistry,
physiology, physical medicine, obstetrics and gynaecology, paediatrics, pathology, and surgery. Research projects were sponsored by the National
Research Council, commercial firms,
and foundations: the Hamber Endowment Fund was particularly generous.
The emphasis on forestry evolved
according to the practical needs of
industry, and research work was carried out in genetics, aimed especially at
the conservation and reforestation of
the commercially valuable Douglas fir.
In addition to a research forest in Garibaldi Park, the new faculty received
many research donations from, among
others, the B.C. Logging Association
and the H.R. MacMillan Exporting
The institutes of Oceanography and
Fisheries were established in graduate
studies in 1949 and 1953 respectively.
Physics and chemistry, crucial war
contributors, expanded rapidly in the
post-war period, continuing research
projects at the request of federal defense and scientific agencies. Nuclear
physics projects, using the Van de Graf
generator installed in the Physics Building in 1948, were planned in cooperation with the National Research Council and Atomic Energy Control Board of
Canada. George Volkoff, who had left
UBC to study with Oppenheimer and
then to work with the Energy Board,
returned to the university as well.
Physics, headed by Gordon Shrum,
was the best equipped department at
UBC, and between 1948-49, received
grants totalling $142,120.
Applied science received a new
building in 1950 and the department of
mechanical and electrical engineering
was divided. Research, much supported
by Research Board grants and the NRC,
included hydraulic investigations of the
Fraser River.
Agricultural research also expanded; work in alfalfa seed products
and in the effects of ultra-violet radiation on animals were notable.
During the 1950s, UBC went
through a major capital expansion, its
budget doubling from approximately
$4.5 million to over $9 million in a
decade. Research grants accounted for
18 per cent ofthis increase. A campus
computer centre equipped with an
LWAC electronic computer was installed
in 1957 for quantitative analysis of scientific problems.
Pure sciences achieved the most
spectacular research results and developed during the 1950s with large
grants from the NRC and the Defense
Research Board. In the department of
bacteriology and immunology, Dolman
worked on botulism. Duff on gangrene,
and Bismanis on staphylococcus. In
conjunction with other departments,
valuable cancer research was carried
out with the support of the National
Cancer Institute. A centre for virus and
tissue research was also established
with the cooperation of the Western
Division of Connaught Laboratories.
"Research, whether of applied or
pure nature, had in fact become the
most important occupation of the science departments," wrote Harry T.
Logan in Tuum Est: A History of the
University of British Columbia.
Government and agency grants.
18 Chronicle/Fall 1990 UBC Computing Centre, 1962. The new
IBM model 1840 was a boon to researchers. The machine has less computing power than today's ATs.
as well as university research expenditures, increased annually, as contributions of UBC scientists received
recognition in the science world. The
American magazine Science in 1954
noted that UBC ranked fourth among
North American universities in terms
of distinguished scientists who had
received their first degree during the
1924-1934 period.
Medicine got a research lab on
viral diseases from the B.C. Polio Fund
in 1952 and conducted drug addiction
research with a grant from the Federal
department of mental health services.
This lead to the establishment of a
University Committee on Research into
Drug Addiction. The faculty also received a number of research grants
from special disease societies and organizations. Kenneth Evelyn was appointed director of B.C. Medical Research Institute and a general medical
research fund was instituted.
Gobind Khorana, 1968 winner of
the Nobel Prize for Medicine, was hired
in 1952 by Gordon Shrum at the B.C.
Research Council. Among other achievements, he succeeded in producing
Enzyme A, a major factor in metabolism, and made important DNA discoveries, including demonstrating how to
join building blocks into chains of DNA.
He left UBC for the United States in
1960, where he proved the existence of
the triplet DNA code and synthesized a
gene in a test tube. When he earned his
Nobel Prize almost ten years later, he
acknowledged the importance of UBC
scientists and their research.
Important research in applied science during the 50s was mostly commissioned or subsidized by government or major industrial firms. Civil
engineering examined hydraulics and
flood control; mechanical engineering
investigated thermodynamics, aeronautics, and problems with industrial structures. Mining and metallurgy received
many grants, notably from Sherritt Gordon Mines Ltd. In the late 40s, head
Frank A. Forward had collaborated with
the company in the development of an
David Suzuki working with a student in 1969. Suzuki's work with fruit flies broke
new ground in chromosome research.
economical ammonia leech extraction
process for minerals. In 1980, 80% of all
nickel mined in the world was extracted
by this method.
Electrical engineering constructed,
in conjunction with the Heart Station
at Vancouver General Hospital, a vector cardiograph to make three dimensional heart measurements, controlled
migrating fish by electrical means, and
developed a microwave lab.
The Institute of Oceans completed
a three year project on oceanography of
the Beaufort Sea, and the Federal
Department of Fisheries Building was
constructed in 1957-1958.
The '50s era of university research
came to a fruitful conclusion when on
February 24, 1958, B.C. Premier W.A.C.
Bennett increased his government's
total donation to the university to $10
UBC has become a
research intensive
university," says
James Murray, director of University
Industry Liaison.
It would take a
book to document
the research developments at UBC
since 1960. Tuum
Est by Harry T.
Logan, covers the history ofthe university to 1958, but very little has been
written since.
After almost a decade of planning,
the dentistry faculty was finally housed
in the John B. McDonald Barfoot Building in 1967. While botany/geology professor Glenn Rouse discovered three
teeth of the extinct mammal titanthere
along the Fraser River, Myer Bloom of
the physics department won the National Research Council Steacie Prize
for the third time in four years for his
10-year research into the understanding of matter and its composition.
'The fact that UBC scientists have
managed to capture Canada's top scientific awards on so many occasions in
the past four or five years is as much a
tribute to the heads of their department as it is to the individuals themselves," wrote then dean of science,
Vladimir Okulitch in UBC Reports, in
1968. "In many cases, these future
winners were attracted to UBC at a
time when we were not particularly
well-known elsewhere and when there
was far less money available than today to support the work."
Geneticist David Suzuki of the
zoology department won the following
year's Steacie Memorial Fellowship, for
his famous fruit fly chromosome research. In the ensuing two decades, he
Chronicle/Fall 1990 19 Above, UBC's Deans of Science photographed in January,
1990: (top l-r) R.C. Miller, Jr., 1985-88; D. Dolphin. Acting,
1988-89, 90-; B.C. McBride, 1990; C.V. Finnegan, 1979-85;
(bottom, l-r) G. Volkoff, 1972-79; V.J. Okulitch. 1964-72.
(top I) Frank Forward, head
of mining and metallurgy in
the '40s, helped develop a
mineral leeching process.
Today, 80% ofthe world's
nickel is extracted using this
process, (r) Gobind Khorna,
worked at BC Research from
1952-60. His work in DNA
earned him a Nobel Prize in
1968. (bottom I) Dean of forestry, Robert Kennedy. "The
amount of research in our
faculty has increased dramatically over the last ten
would go on to become a controversial
author and media personality, popularizing science and spreading his
message about environmental hazards.
By the early '70s, it was clear that
the university's potential as a major
centre of research was just beginning.
"Twenty years ago, UBC was still something of a backwater, specifically in
medical, pharmaceutical, and dental
research. Now, we are enormously
successful," says John McNeill, dean
of the school of pharmaceutical sciences, in 1990.
As the '70s progressed, UBC research achievements came quickly:
• 1973: Physiology's John Brown isolates two duodenal polypeptide
hormones, useful in the diagnosis and
treatment of some gastrointestinal ailments.
• 1974: Paris Constantinides of pathology proves a new theory about the
mechanism behind arteriosclerosis.
• 1976: Chemistry professor Laurance
D. Hall wins the Corday-Morgan Medal
and Prize for his work in the development of nuclear magnetic resonance
techniques pertaining to molecular
structure and conformation.
• 1977: Biochemistry's Michael Smith
is awarded the Jacob Biely Faculty Research Prize for discovering a simple
way to build short DNA chains.
• 1979: Anthony G. Phillips of psychol
ogy receives the Steacie Memorial Fellowship for his studies on learning and
memory as well as effects of drugs on
the brain.
Researchers got a boost in 1977
when the UBC library system introduced its computer terminal network,
tapping several valuable data bases in
science, technology, medical and life
sciences. The university was also given
permission to build a Coal Research
Centre, a promise that would make
UBC one ofthe country's foremost coal
teaching and research institutions.
The Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council (NSERC) took
over the National Research Council
research-granting function in 1978,
with the mandate of supporting projects in "national problem areas." That
year's total of $526,800 was awarded
to 18 UBC faculty members in the
fields of energy, environmental toxicology, and oceanography. In 1979, NSERC
awarded more than $700,000 to UBC
scientists for 16 research projects in
environmental toxicology, oceanography, and food production. The largest
grant went to a team of cancer researchers and food scientists studying
carcinogens in food.
The federal government, up to this
point, had been somewhat conservative in its research endowments to
universities, but lobbying on the part of
scientists over the past decade finally
persuaded them of its importance.
Canadian scientists began to reap the
benefits of the turnaround when NSERC
awarded a record $9,011,823 to 453
faculty members in basic and applied
science for 1980-1981, an increase of
17 per cent over the previous year and
a whopping 45 per cent increase over
the total awarded in 1978-1979.
The Medical Research Council
made grants totalling $4,123,737 to 90
UBC health scientists in the faculties
of medicine, dentistry and pharmaceutical sciences in 1980-81. The total
represented an increase of 11% over
the year before, and 16 per cent over
the amount awarded in 1978-1979.
It sounds impressive, yet Richard
Spratley, director of research services
says: 'Ten years ago, there was little
research in the department of medicine." Dating from its late birth and
initially humble funds, the department
of medicine now has the largest research funds of any scientific department at UBC.
Much of this was kicked off with
the 1976-1980 construction of the
Health Sciences Centre Hospital. The
hospital is unique in that each of its
three units incorporates a teaching
and research function in addition to its
primary function of patient care. "Some
ofthe top medical experts in their fields
20 Chronicle/Fall 1990 "It is likely that
more research
has been
undertaken at
UBC in the last
five years than
occurred in the
previous 70."
are moving to our province because of
the expansion of the UBC faculty of
medicine," said UBC president Douglas
Kenny to UBC Reports in 1980.
In 1981, UBC was designated a
Centre of Excellence by the federal
government for microelectronics research, to receive up to $1 million over
the next five years from the Federal
ministry of industry, trade and commerce. Senator Ray Perrault said the
UBC microelectronics lab was acknowledged to be "one of the finest among
universities in Canada."
Campus researchers also got a
boost that year when the campus
computing capacity increased by 65
per cent with the installation of a new
Amdahl 4070 V8, after trading in its old
model and paying an additional $1.3
million. About 60 per cent of its computer time was devoted to faculty research and development.
About Va of NSERC research grants
for projects "critical to the national
interest" were awarded to UBC, indicating the university's growing national
importance and reputation.
Between 1982 and 1983, PET, the
well-known positron emission tomograph, was built at TRIUMF under the
direction of Brian Pate, professor in the
faculty of pharmaceutical sciences. It
produces a series of colour images of a
fully conscious patient's brain chemistry. Only one of four in Canada, it is
superior to the one at McGill, McMaster, and Queens because of its accuracy and speed.
The 80s continued to produce major
1982: Several landmarks in medicine: a test to diagnose a common form
of mental retardation; coaxing blood
cells that are precursors to leukemia to
grow in a test tube for the first time;
successfully planting an artificial inner ear in a deaf patient.
• 1984: Christian Fibiger of the neurological sciences division develops the
first animal model of Alzheimer's disease; Michael Smith of the biochemistry department wins a gold medal from
the B.C. Science Council for his discovery of a way to isolate and identify
specific genes. His technique becomes
a standard procedure in genetic engineering throughout the world.
• 1985: J. Keith Brimacombe, director
ofthe Centre for Mineral Process Engineering and a Stelco Professor in the
department of metallurgical engineering, receives a gold medal from the
Science Council of British Columbia
for his 20 year research into ore extraction and conversion into useful products. Retired UBC medicine faculty
member Robert Noble, research scientist at the Cancer Control Agency of
B.C., receives a gold medal from the
Science Council for his cancer research.
He is internationally acclaimed for his
role in the discovery of Vinblastine, a
chemical used in the disease's treatment.
It is likely that more research has
been undertaken at UBC in the last five
years than occurred in the previous
seventy. "Research projects are now
vast collaborative efforts," says Barry
McBride, dean of sciences. "It used to
be that people would just do the research and go home. Now huge projects are in the works. He points to
outstanding projects in his faculty—
the hemato-profusion therapy work of
chemistry's David Dolphin and microbiology's Julia Levy; continuing work
on superconductivity in the physics
department; and the lithoprobe—developed by geophysics' Ron Clowes—
which looks at the eart's structure in
a band across Canada, using "the most
sophisticated geophysical instruments."
Herbert Gush in physics has also set
up a space-search instrument which
measures the cosmic background to
understand better the Big Bang Theory. "Some of the best minds in the
world in cosmology are here at UBC
studying the origins of the universe,"
he says.
James F. Richards, dean of agricultural science, describes the current
research activities in his faculty:
"With its large graduate student
body, there are many grants for research. Substantial grants are awarded
per faculty member, and major grants
come from the federal and provincial
ministries as well as from the food
industry. Our faculty has been here
since the beginning of the university.
Our research has been based on development of production and efficiency,
and adopting new methods to improve
these things." He points out Bill Pow-
rie's work in the development of modified atmosphere packaging, a method
of packing fresh produce in gases to
delay deterioration, expand shelf life
and to lower shipping costs.
'The amount and intensity of research in our faculty has increased
dramatically over the last ten years,"
says Robert Kennedy, retiring dean of
Most of forestry's research funding comes from external sources, such
as government granting bodies, especially NSREC, forestry's biggest single
source of grant funding. The faculty
has been responsible for leading-edge
research into reforestation techniques,
genetically improved "super-trees,"
engineering applications to forests,
computer applications to the industry
such as remote satellite sensing to
monitor the spread of insects, disease
and fire, and robotics to increase safety
and harvesting efficiency. "We have
won prestigious international awards
for research and development, but in
reality, we come back to the general
premise of an increased understanding of the earth's biosphere."
Michael Smith of the campus'
recently created biotechnology laboratory feels "very good about research
here. I am director of the bio tech lab
which is a new initiative. We have
brought in first-rate members who are
doing leading research in genetics and
biology and building new and exciting
interactions between faculties. I feel
good about that."
UBC is definitely fulfilling its original mandate to "be the research arm of
the province ... to place its resources
for research at the service of its citizens." In 75 years, the university has
grown beyond provincial and national
borders with its scientific research contributions and capability. Says John
McNeill, dean ofthe school of pharmaceutical sciences: "UBC is now a world-
class research university. I recently
returned from an international meeting in France where UBC's research
was regarded as the best. We are 'those
Canadians from UBC We have a good
Tuum est.
Dona Sturmanis is ajreelance writer
living in Vancouver.
Chronicle/Fall 1990 21 The Triumph of TRIUMF
UBC's TRIUMF (Tri-University Meson Facility) is home to one of the world's
best-known atom smashers. The six-leafed magnetic pinwheel, called a cyclotron,
spins charged hydrogen atoms around inside a 55-foot diameter concrete-
encased cylindrical tank until they achieve speeds 75 per cent the speed of light.
At this speed, the minuscule atomic particles are focused into beams which scientists hurl into various targets. Like a wine glass flung into the fireplace, the
result is a shower of subatomic particles.
TRIUMF is a result ofthe efforts ofthe late physics professor, John Warren.
Inspired by the cyclotron design of University of Berkeley physicist Reg Richardson,
Warren convinced UBC, Simon Fraser University, and the University of Victoria
to establish TRIUMF, and lobbied the federal government for funding.
At a cost of $36 million, construction took five years, and the first full strength
beam of protons was emitted on December 15, 1974.
Since then, TRIUMF has emerged as one of an elite group of two dozen research centres around the world where scientists can study the tiniest building
blocks of the universe.
TRIUMF has a solid track record of turning its theoretical discoveries into
commercial success stories—saving lives, reducing pollution, and improving our
quality of life. A pion beam—light, short-lived particles produced in huge numbers at TRIUMF—is now being used to treat glioblastoma, an especially deadly
type of brain cancer. Although still regarded as experimental, pion therapy has
Artist's rendering of
proposed KAON
factory. Over $300
million of the
necessary $693
million has been
committed to the
project, and will
takefwe years to
been used on over 200 patients, and most have been granted a new lease on life.
New isotopes manufactured at TRIUMF are proving invaluable in the diagnosis
and treatment of life-threatening medical conditions.
Another offshoot of research at TRIUMF is the Positron Emission Tomograph,
or PET scanner, which uses low-dose radioactive isotopes to study the brain. One
of three in Canada, and the most sensitive, the PET scanner is instrumental in
diagnosing Alzheimer's, Parkinson's, Huntington's disease and Dystonia.
Technologies developed at TRIUMF to help perform experiments are being
modified for a multitude of day-to-day uses. TRIUMF's high-speed gallium
arsenide microchips, which handle vast amounts of data at phenomenally fast
rates, are favoured to replace silicon chips in computerized detectors, advanced
radar systems, and satellite communications.
On the environmental front, TRIUMF's elaborate computerized control systems could find their way into factories and pulp mills. As well, researchers have
recently discovered that by reducing the temperature to a smidgen above absolute zero (-273 degrees C), they can freeze certain pollutants out of smokestack
TRIUMF is now bidding for $693 million to build a KAON factory. By spinning
particles through an underground, one-kilometre long oval accelerator track,
physicists would be able to produce kaons—tiny mesons of particular interest—
as well as antiprotons, other hadrons and neutrinos. If constructed, the KAON
factory would be the highest intensity particle beam accelerator at this energy
level in the world.  £>g
oometimes things don't
work out exactly as you'd expected. Unforeseen circumstances can dramatically
affect your plans for the future.
But adversity needn't be
financially debilitating. You can protect
your family against misfortune with a
sound insurance plan. And there's only
one group term life insurance program
that's endorsed by your alumni association.
It's offered by North American Life.
Your UBC alumni plan
offers you such special features as: low
group rates; portable protection that
mores with you; guaranteed renewable
coverage; waiver of premium if you
become totally disabled.
If vou have any questions,
call NAL toll free 1 800 668 0195 (in
Toronto, 229-3000) for assistance or a
free brochure. You can also contact your
NAL representative or call Bruce McRae,
CLU, the UBC Alumni Iasurance Consultant.
at (604) 734-2732.
Special Products Division
5650 Yonge Street
North York. Ont. MAM -HU
22 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Research in the Marketplace
"Curiosity-driven research leads to commercialization," says James Murray,
director of University Industry Liaison, in the department of industry liaison. His
job is to identify UBC research, development and experiments that may be of
economic benefit. New research is 50 per cent owned by the researcher, 16.66 per
cent by the home faculty, and the remainder by the university.
Two high-profile companies were formed involving UBC faculty members and
university-generated research. Rudy Haering was awarded a gold medal by the
Science Council of BC for his work leading to the invention of a rechargeable
lithium and molybdenum disulphide battery. That same year he helped to create
Moli Energy, a publicly-listed company which established a plant in BC to manufacture the new rechargeable batteries. Unfortunately, business difficulties superseded innovation brilliance
and the company collapsed.
Quadra Logic Technologies has
fared somewhat better. This biophar-
maceutical company trades on the
Vancouver and Toronto Stock Exchanges and is engaged in the development and commercialization of
light-activated drugs. Among the principals are Anthony Phillips and Julia
Levy. In a recent interview. Levy said,
"When the work you're doing can
actually reach the bedside, and you
can benefit humanity with it, then you want the idea transformed into a product
for the marketplace. There is nowhere in Canada where you can take it from the
university into the real world. We started Quadra Logic in 1980 to do just that."
In 1985, UBC and IBM Canada signed a three-year, $2 million cooperative
agreement to explore the use of computers in Canada's legal system. The grant
was the first cooperative agreement made by IBM with a Canadian university.
With sponsorship by the National Research and Engineering Council, Gerry
Neufeld and Paul Gilmore developed a software program which allows computers
of different makes to communicate with each other. UBC licensed this technology. It has been sold worldwide, with royalties returning to UBC. Clients include
Olivetti, British Telecom, and AT&T. 'This software helps solve communications
problems worldwide," says Murray.
Richard Spratley, director of research services, points out the "brightest lamp
in the world," developed at UBC in conjunction with Vortek Co., which is being
used in the microelectronics industry to heat microchips, and Lome Whitehead's
"light pipe" which distributes light evenly along long distances, and was used on
the monorail at Expo '86.  jjg
"When the work you're doing
can actually ... benefit
humanity ... then you want
the idea transformed into a
product for the marketplace.
—Julia Levy, Quadra Logic
Forest Resource Consultants
Congratulations to the.
University of'British Columbia
on its
75th Anniversary!
'British Columbia, Canada and
the rest of the world -will
continue to reap the benefits of
UBC's leadership in academics
and in its research.
- Canadian
Liposome co. Ltd
Congratulates the
University of'British Columbia on
its 75th Anniversary.
'We join the community in saluting
11'BC's leadership in academics and
research throughout its history and
into the future.
Some important
UBC research
milestones ...
Patrick McGeer, professor of
neurological sciences, department
of psychiatry, former provincial
minister of education and, later,
of science and technology.
"Harold Copp's discovery of calcitonin, a hormone made by the parathyroid. Also Paris Conspantinides'
work on the genesis of heart attacks."
Michael Smith, director, biotechnology laboratory.
"It is very hard to talk on the
personal side of milestones, of lab
research. We have three levels of activity—one in tree genetics, another
in programs in neurobiology and
pathogens in viral diseases, and
another in building a bridge between
microbiology and engineering for fermentation research."
John NcNeill, dean of the school
of pharmaceutical sciences.
"In pharmaceutical sciences, particularly strong areas are basic research in diseases such as diabetes,
cystic fibrosis, and epilepsy. We also
do a lot of work identifying drugs and
toxic substances."
Richard Spratley, director of research services
'The invitro fertilization techniques developed in medicine, the
spinal cord injury research in the
medical department at Shaughnessy,
the detection and cure of sexually
transmitted diseases going on at St.
Paul's ... including clinical trials of
new AIDs drugs. And then there is the
research in back pain in astronauts
by Peter Wing and the paraplegic
medicine work of George Szasz."
Robert Kennedy, retiring dean of
"Our research in the department
of forestry is generally to improve an
overall understanding of forestry ecosystems. It provides basic information to help us manage forests for a
variety of uses. This work involves
forest nutrition, management, and
Chronicle/Fall 1990 23 /7^-Mr<e^_7Ary5*j^'   /~£*G*r£s*
Great Trek Relived
11:00 am/Cecil Green Park
Classes of 1916 - 1927 will meet
for lunch, then retrace by bus
the Great Trek of 1922 between
Fairview and UBC.
Student Homecoming
12:30/Main Mall, UBC Campus
Prizes awarded to the best float.
September Ceremony
2:30/Old Auditorium
Welcome new and returning students to UBC. Special awards,
including Honorary Degrees to
Mme. Justice Beverly McLachlin
& Retired President of the University of Victoria, Dr. Howard
Petch. Limited seating capacity. Reception to follow. SUB
1990 Gala Great Trekker
Dinner & Dance
6:30 for 7;30/Hotel Vancouver
In honour of Pierre Berton, 1990
recipient of the Great Trekker
Award. $75/person.
Professional Practice Night
7:30 - 10:00/ Faculty Club Ballroom
Hosted by the Pharmacy Division. The primary objective is to
inform students of professional
avenues open to them. Pharmacists representing diverse
areas of practice are invited to
act as resource persons, providing information on community,
hospital, industrial, governmental and other career pathways.
Alumni are welcome as observers and to meet present and
future colleagues. If you wish to
attend, as a resource person or
observer, please contact Marion Pearson at 228-6344.
Social Work
6:30 - 11:00/Graham House
Join fellow alumni and meet
guest speaker, Dr. Carole Christensen, who will assume the Directorship of the school in July,
ffemecominS' fnffonnau/o,
7 nar^aa» - ounaau
ike Alumni fljggociation
2nd Fioor,  Ce<att (jrean Pari
8:30 am - 5:00
information Ttwfe
10:00 am - 4:00
Campus Walking Tours
10:00 am, l :00,3:00/Cecil Green
Will cover campus highlights. Approximately l V_ hours.
10 am- 12noon/TRIUMF
Highlights include some experimental areas, the control room
and the Pion Cancer Therapy
facility. Anyone with a heart
"jSacemakershould not take the
tour. Children under 14 are discouraged. Free.
ams Gallery
10:00 am -4:00/SUB    ,,
Paintings by Barbara Ldffviere.
Blue and Gold Classic
Football Game
1:00 - 5:00/Thunderbird Stadftjm
AMS "Tailgate" BBQ .■'■■■'
Music!   Refreshments! -;Prt2es!
Come for lunch and watch the
game - it's opfn to all!
2j00   Kickoff/Ttminderbird   Stadium.
UBC Thunderbirds vs Manitoba
Bisons, Half-time entertainment!
Refreshments! Birthday cake!
Mascots! Prizes!        ^V„"-
Museum of Anthropology
12 noon and 1:30
Free for alumni; leaving from the
front tover.
Fine Arts Gallery
An exhibition centre for contemporary Canadian Art.
Rededication of the Cairn
7:00/Original Cairn on Main Mall
McGiMgri Cup Style Debate.
2:00-<it)/B 104, Buchanan
Resolve: "The 21 st Century does
not need the Liberal Arts." Moderator: Dean Patricia Marchak
and a panel of four. Reception
to follow.
Audiology & Speech
Informal Reception
1:00 - 4:00/James Mather Bldg.
See the displays, visit with stu-
denfsjqnd staff. Th^lirst 40 alumni
to arrive will receive a School
shirt celebrating UBC's 75th.
More inforftlation, contact
Verna Pyplacz at 534-3410 (evenings).
Community & Regional
75th Anniversary BBQ
2<00 - 6:00/Foyer, North Entrance
Steps and Courtyard of the Lasserre Bldg.
For alumni, faculty and students
to celebrate the kick-off of the
annual "Mentor Programme."
Further details will be included in
the upcoming newsletter, or call
Counselling Psychology
1:00 - 2:30/CNPS Dept,, 5780
Toronto Rd.
Information regarding counselling psychology and alumni division activities. Light refreshments.
6:00/Arbutus Club
To commemorate the 25th anniversary of the Counselling Psychology program. For further information call 228-5259.
raoMu Ccui Of>e>n troust
Sytmber 29, 1:00 - 6:00
Combiimntarj* CoMee, & Tea
Loumo/c C/fie-n
CitjJbt hurck at Snaci Bar
AaiUte (fntii 3:00
fitm/ier-skip /n/fo 7WO
Alumni tours "*•'<•*
3:00 - 5:00/Engineering Bldg.
Faculty members will lead tours
of the CEIVji for faculty, alumni,
students. -Prjisentation by Dean
Meisen ofi: "UBC Engineering
Through the" 1990s."'" -7
5:00 - 7:00/Faculty Lounge
Join friends Old Red New Red,
For info, call Bob Gill, 663-3369 or
Don PiercJl 294-1471.        :- .
We will be highlightin^ie gradQ---
ating classes of 1965|ind 1980.
Geography   Alumn* Alliance
AGM fy
11:00 a.fttefFaculty Club
Report to the alumni and presentation of Geography Alumnus
of the Year Award. Discussion.
Luncheon |j|,
12:00 noon/Faculty Club, Iftsic
Guest speaker to be announced.
"Discover UBC Then & Now"
Walking Tour; lt4
1:30- 2:30/fromf fpculty Club if at
luncheon, from Geography Bldg.
if not. i^
Student guides wllflake qjpfnni
around the campusbn a special
tour. '■'-., ^
Social Get-together    \
2:30 - 3:30/Geography Building
Refreshments. Ticket information
will be available in the forthcoming newsletter, or call 228-2663.
Computer Demonstration
1:00 - 4:30/Law School Reception Area
Expert systems demonstrated.
Refreshments will be served.
ior Ckt ok Kwuiio/is
to 1)6 keid
Daf-iKO* tromecomfK9> 1990
See, Paae 5
I Music
l"A Calamity Quiz" and Concert
' 2:30/Recital Hall       ' •
Theatrejpstory 100 revisited.
3:30/Mu|b Building Lobby
Interpretive   Presentation   and
Display of the Creative and Performing Arts Centre by Andrew
Brown, Lfc/ersity Planner. Prizes,
J»freshrr|p6|andfun! For further
trt^matrorfrfeolya Konoval, 228-
5574 or Donna Pollard, 942-3998.
Nursing     , ||
Free Tour offhe Museurifbf Anthropology '•'
2:30/Foyer of the Museum
Wine & Cheese Reception
4:00/Conservatory   at   Cepil
Green Park. >,•■
PleajpRS.V.P. to 2^3313.
Physical Education
Golf Tournament
10:00 am Tee-off/McCleery
Gplf Course.
$l./person.  Those who don't
wtt)\*0 participqtgjpre invited to
■jCtoifie PE ckgjjpng section at
thf'-^HomecoWng   Football
Fourth Annual Reunion BanqSit
6:30/Cecil Green Park
To celebra|f1"UBC's 75th Anniversary arjphonour the Clas§ of
'40. $35/pf|son. Further d<|jj|$
and tickef information agpflK-
\ feuded in the current newsleffer.
Rehabilitation Medicine
Reception ""' •'
7:00/SRM Faculty Lounge, "3rd
Floor UBC Acute Care Hospital
The Rehab, Medicine Alumni
Division and the School of Rehabilitation Medicine will be co-
sponsoring this receptiqj|§pr all
alumni, present and pq|||jf_ulty
members and underg?ttuate
students. Call up a fellow classmate and join us. R.S.V.P. before
September 21 to Nancy Cho at
732-5180 or at the School, Judith
Forsyth, 228-7392.
InformqrtiorilMarquee     , ,.
,1:00 - ;#3d/University Blvi|and
East Mall
'^Information on activities of each
of the science departments, including the location of the
events listed below. Will include
info on programs which promote
women in science. T-shirts with
WCtnen in Science logo.
3:00 - 4:00/University Blvd. and
East Mall .;,
Hosted by the Dean of Science
in conjunctbn with several science departments,
Computer Science
Demonstrations of research projects, new teaching laboratories,
electronic hyperbrochure Re-
Geological Science*
Highlighting recer*chang|s in
the facility, such M the new'iX-
ray lab which can do an X-ray 85
IIn less than 10 minutes.
> Reception
2:00 -i|Q0/Geology Museum
Refresifiients with^elcoming remarks and introdSction of faculty at 3:00.
12:00 noon - 4:00/Museum and
Collector shops open.
2:00 - 5iPWath Annex, R, 1115
Displays   and   demonstrations,
informal tours,qnd discussion.
Microbiology "> ., *
Tour and Reception Jfj|g
1:30/Foyer of Wesbrook Bui|§jj§
i§»sentation dffd Cocktail Party
3:00, Biological Sc, 1465
Recent  developments,   instrumentation,programs and staff.
Short lectur#and tour of department. Alurj|||)jpnd friends from
ifj&ustry, government and pub-
i§ in attendance.
Tour and Reception to follow.
2:30/§|jps in Hennings, Hebb and
Agricultural Sciences
Reception and Tour
1:00 - 4:00/UBC Botanical Gardens Further details will be included in the fall newsletter, or
call Judy Newfcn at 228-4372.
Arts '20 Relay
8:30  am/Opening  Ceremony.
Main Mall (Sedgewick Plaza)
9:00 am/Bus leaves for relay
9:30 am/VGH Race begins.
10:00am-12:00 noon/Main Mall
(Sedgewick   Plaza)/Pancake
Breakfast & live entertainent.
Award Ceremony (10:45). Birthday cake (H:00).
Anniversary Tea
3:00 - 5:00/Cecil Green Park
Limited seating available. Forward $15 by Sept.  19 to the
Alumni Association.
Meet the Brass
12:30-2:30/SUB Party Room
Come hobnob with community
and University Big Wigs!
Just Desserts
7:30/Cecil Green Park
Student societies recognize the
achievements of someone who
has been of great help to them
during the last school year. By
invitation only.
Guest Lecture
8:00/Woodward Instructional
Resources Centre, #2
Special lecturer Dr. John Goodlad, "Teachers for Schools in a
Democratic Society": for alumni,
members of the teaching profession, and other interested
persons in both the educational
community and society generally. <Tht Creative and Performing Arts
Seventy-five years ofthe <Best in Theatre, Music,
ftrt and Literature
by Audrey Qrescoe
.—^—^^ he construction of a creative arts building will crown UBC's history
£ M of dedication to the arts, a history which began with the opening of
m      M the university. UBC was ahead of its time in introducing credit
■ courses in the creative and performing arts, and in establishing
/ departments in music,  theatre,  fine arts and creative writing.
■^■^ Teachers and administrators, many of them artists themselves, introduced these courses with the conviction that creating art entailed thinking,
and that students could learn by doing as well as by studying what others had
done. What follows is a brief history of the elements of UBC's dedication to the
arts, and a look at the future.
Frederic Wood was the first of many professor patrons ofthe arts at UBC. In
November 1915, six weeks into the university's first term, he and a group of 40
students formed the Players' Club, the first all-student drama society in Canada.
The elite Club grew more exclusive than a fraternity, with hundreds of
students auditioning for its 60 places. In 1920, it made its first spring tour ofthe
province, giving people in the interior of the province their only contact with a
university they supported with their taxes. The Club's success continued for 40
years, gradually maturing from a repertoire of
light comedy to more serious works such as Ibsen's
Hedda Gabler.
In the middle ofthe 1930s, a subtle shift from
performance in drama and music to formal instruction in both began. The process, repeated in
many North American universities, was to slip the
teaching of theatre and music in by the back door,
a process that has been referred to as the bootlegging ofthe arts. Given that metaphor, the bootlegger at UBC was the department of extension,
formed in 1936, and its chief agent was Dorothy
In 1937, Somerset taught a weekend drama school in Invermere, B.C., the
first short course ever offered by the department of extension. In 1938, the
extension department offered its first Summer School of Theatre, designed to
meet the needs of amateur groups wanting to enter the Dominion Drama Festival
and of teachers who had to direct school productions. Well attended from the
beginning, it would continue (with a three-year interruption during the war) until
1964 when its activities were merged into the theatre department's credit
With Somerset's encouragement, the English department began to offer
credit courses in the theory and history of theatre. In 1952, the old Totem Coffee
Bar was converted into the first Frederic Wood Theatre. It was, at the time, the
only legitimate theatrical outlet in the city.
A few years later, when Dorothy Somerset first proposed that a separate
theatre department be established, her opposition said that the practical study
of theatre was vocational. Her supporters pointed out that courses in engineering were equally practical, and Somerset argued that the playwrights whose
works were studied in the English department would not have written had there
>< Fintkh (.olum_
Displayed at the UBC Fine Arts Gallery
May 6th - August 14th, 1981
A programme supported bv the National Museums ot Canada
We 've never seen theatre as a performing art as separate
from a liberal arts education. I see theatre as a vital
university activity, making eTCtraordinary demands on
the people zuho participate in it."
—'ErrolfDurbach, Ofeadof Theatre
26 Chronicle/Fall 1990 been no stage on which to present their plays. The decision to create a department
came in 1958.
Today, graduates of our theatre department are known in theatre circles
nation-wide as the UBC Mafia. 'The UBC influence is pervasive in English-
Canadian theatre," according to graduate Jeremy Long, who headed the Canada
Council's English theatre section for four years.
In the department, students and faculty continue to balance the need for
conservatory-type training with the need for academic inquiry. From the time
classes begin in September until they end in March, students perform in five full-
length plays presented to the public on the main stage of the second Frederic
Wood Theatre (which replaced its predecessor in 1963). In the Dorothy Somerset
Studio in the back of the building, there are two full-length productions and a
dozen one-act plays. As a result, rehearsals are always in progress somewhere in
the building. Sets are hammered together on the stage and costumes are fitted
and sewn in the wardrobe department. All this activity creates a decidedly
theatrical ambience.
Likewise, students in the film division are engaged in the nuts and bolts of
producing broadcast quality educational and promotional films for charitable
organizations. It is a tenet of the department that training in acting, directing,
design, technical stage management and the production of films be combined
with the scholarly study and analysis of theatre and film.
When department head Dr. Errol Durbach speaks of the actors UBC
produces, he touches on the theatre department's whole approach to teaching.
Dr. Durbach says, "Whenever we have guest directors, I ask what sort of an actor
they want. They inevitably say a sophisticated and intelligent student, who can
read a play and understand it, who knows the basic techniques of theatrical
analysis, somebody who is intellectually bright and sprightly. They would choose
the university-trained student in preference to the conservatory-trained."
The longest surviving student organization on campus is the Musical Society,
or MUSSOC, which was formed after the Player's Club, but continues to this day.
The organizers, eight orchestral musicians and a few singers, met with Professor
E.H. Russell ofthe mathematics department in 1916.
By 1930, MUSSOC had a chorus of 60 and an orchestra of 20, and was able
to produce a complete Gilbert and Sullivan operetta for its annual spring concert.
In 1934, the club acquired an important assistant dramatic director: Walter Gage,
later the university's fifth president.
As in the theatre, interest in musical scholarship grew in the 1930s. In 1936,
MUSSOC invited Allard de Ridder, conductor of the Vancouver Symphony
Orchestra, to give a series of lectures on "Orchestration and Form." In 1935, the
university acquired a Carnegie Corporation record set, which it used as the basis
of an extension department series of 300 radio broadcasts. And in 1937, an
evening class in music appreciation was first offered.
The faculty committee that met nine years later to discuss the establishment
of a Chair of Music agreed that the university needed popular non-credit lectures,
authoritative lectures on the history and theory of music for credit, and public
performances of music that would benefit the whole university community.
President Norman MacKenzie hired acclaimed Toronto
violinist Harry Adaskin. In 1947 he became head of
the first of the fine and performing arts department
on the campus.
Having no time to hire faculty, Adaskin decided
in his first year to create a course in music appreciation. His wife, pianist Frances Marr, played music
while Harry lectured, a teaching arrangement which
they continued for 27 years.
By 1958, UBC initiated a Bachelor of Music
program, and in 1967 the music building opened
near the Freddy Wood Theatre and the Lasserre
Building, a cluster dedicated in 1965 as the Norman MacKenzie Centre for Fine
The Music Building is always filled with music. Every student takes part, for
credit, in at least one ofthe 14 ensembles which give concerts throughout the
school year, on campus and often further afield. Some of these groups focus on
specialized repertoires, such as the Collegium Musicum, which recreates vocal
Some 9{ptaBCe
(Theatrical (Disasters
Opening night of Henry IV in
the Old Auditorium during
the '40s. Smoke meant to
heighten a scene of battle
rolled out into the audience,
causing a mass fit of coughing.
Opening night of The Alchemist in the Old Auditorium.
A balloon broken to create a
moderate theatrical explosion
made such a blast that an
obliterating cloud of dust
from the stage flies descended on the actors.
Look Back in Anger in the
old Freddy Wood Theatre.
After the curtain rose before
a full house, stage manager
Norman Young went backstage to drink a cup of tea.
Sensing an unusual stillness
in the theatre he came out to
find the three actors frozen in
their opening stances. The
first speaker had forgotten
his opening line.
"In our school, I thinf^the performers have respect for
what the scholars do and the scholars respect what we
do. I thinf^they understand that we use our brains
when we play."
—%gbert Silverman, Professor of 'Music
Chronicle/Fall 1990 27 and instrumental works as they were performed in the medieval. Renaissance and
Baroque periods, or the Contemporary Players, which concentrates on student
and faulty compositions and works written in this century.
The school of music has a heavier requirement of academic courses than most
U.S. schools and one ofthe highest in Canada. As well as studying theory and
history. UBC students have to compose, arrange and orchestrate music, and
learn to play some piano.
"I fear society is beginning to think of music education as the training of
prodigies and virtuosos." says department head. Dr. William Benjamin. "Music
requires training in abstract thinking. It requires fine discrimination, learning
how to be precise mentally and physically. It requires physical strength and
emotional openness and an ability to eo-operate and interact with others. It's a
question of broadening [students] and making sure they are not able to do just one
Columnist Allan Fotheringham once called the Ubyssey "the best journalism
school in the country," a claim borne out by the long list of its illustrious former
staff. Budding student journalists have followed this route to success since the
first issue ofthe paper hit the campus, but in 1990, the university is making plans
for an official school of journalism. New non-fiction and business writing courses
offered by the creative writing department are the seeds of this program.
This sort of change is just part of the continuing evolution of the creative
writing department. In 1946, acclaimed poet Earle Birney agreed to return to his
alma mater as an English professor on one condition, that "I can have one course
I can believe in. the first stone in a little shelter for the creative student naked in
academia." He got his course, and UBC became the first Canadian university to
give credit for creative writing. The program won its independence from the
English department in 1965.
However romantic may be the idea ofthe solitary writer in a garret, creative
writing programs demonstrate the advantage and the exhilaration of collaborative
Moments zvith
9{gtabCe Visitors
Igor Stravinsky visited
in the 1950s. He ate
dinner under Frances
and Harry Adaskin's
dining room table in
order to escape the
crowd of assembled
Dylan Thomas visited in
1950. Fellow poet Earle
Birney and composer
Jean Coulthard steered
him around the campus
to keep him sober for
his evening reading.
When Thomas went
onstage in the Old Auditorium, he had replaced
the water in his pitcher
with gin.
UBC School
Make cheque or money order payable to
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6251 Cecil Gren Park Rd.
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1W5
UBC Quartz Classic Mens\UBC Quartz Classic Womens
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28 Chronicle/Fall 1990 association. In workshops and tutorials, students' work is both text and content,
offered to a group of peers for comment and critique. Rather than placing
emphasis on academic prerequisites, the department opens its courses to
undergrads from any faculty if they submit a portfolio of recent original work.
Since its formation, department graduates have
gone on to win awards for drama, fiction and poetry,
and to edit literary publications across Canada. Its
students have also been associated with numerous
publishing efforts on campus. These include Tish.
which began in the early '60s as a reaction to another
campus publication, prism. Ironically, prism had
itself been created in reaction to scholarlyjournals of
criticism. Coming under the wing of the creative
writing program in 1964, the renamed prism international pioneered translations of works by writers
from Europe, South America, Africa and the Orient.
In 1978, it became the first student-edited journal in
Canada. The first issue of Canadian Fiction Magazine, today one ofthe country's most prestigious magazines for writers of fiction,
was cranked out on the department's Gestetner in 1971.
The ultimate goal of playwrights and screenwriters is production. With this
in mind, former department head Dr. Douglas Bankson co-founded the New Play
Centre in 1970. It continues today as the most important play-development
centre in Canada. For graduate students, the department now offers two joint
programs with the theatre department, one in Writing and Film and the other in
Writing and Theatre.
"Our aim," says George McWhirter, current department head, "is to bring
talents and people of talent together in a working situation, where they are
producing original material. We want to be like the real world, where there are
collaborations, deadlines and a necessity to work in more than one form to make
a living."
"Appliedscientists have no trouble understanding us.
We create things. We 're always looking for something
new. There is no difference between writing and science
in figuring out things: one does it in words, the other in
(feorge McWhirter, Hfeadof Creative Writing
In 1946, the Extension department developed its Summer School of the
Theatre into a Summer School of the Arts, which it launched with courses in
painting, taught by B.C. (Bert) Binning. Binning's role was pivotal in the formation
of a fine arts department. In 1951, he travelled to the United States and Europe
to examine fine arts programs in a variety of universities. His 1952 report
recommended a department that would combine
art historical scholarship and creative studio work
under one administration, a formula which was not
originally adopted, but which is now in use.
'The studio artists and the art historians here
talk to one another," says Dr. James Caswell,
department head. "The dialogue is real."
And the interests of the historians are all-
encompassing. "We are probably the only department in Canada that can be said to be strong on all
fronts, including Asian art and native art. The only
glaring omission is that we have no one in the
Northwest Coast area at present." These scholars
are engaged in a revolution that has overtaken the
world of art history in recent years. The so-called
new art historians study a work of art in its economic, social and political context, rather than
judging it solely on its aesthetic merits and in the light of an aesthetic tradition.
Student studio artists in the department don't benefit only from interaction
with the art historians they work alongside. They're encouraged to use the full
resources ofthe university to solve the problems underlying their art. These may
be technical ones, requiring the expertise of an engineer or a chemist, or they may
be more theoretical.
Jeff Wall, one of the department's newest faculty artists, says, "One of the
reasons people don't understand why the arts should be at a university is they
don't understand that they are making culture themselves. They see that they are
doing science or history, but don't see that they are producing representations.
What their representations are is the business of artists."
continued page 30
mil     IWItl.     \KI     UJKVltON    SIIIHM
E        A.M.S.        Ulltll
"The university has closed the gap dividing scholarship
and professional training. It now bears the responsibility ofthe complete education ofthe artist, educated not
only as a creative individual free to express himself in
society, but also to understand the nature of his society
and his new position within it."
'B.C. Winning, first'Head of fine Arts
Chronicle/Fall 1990 29 The Creative Arts building
The university is about to realize a long-nurtured dream of a comprehensive creative and performing arts centre. In a way that could not have
been anticipated by early planners, this centre will
play a part in the university's changing position in
the art world. As much of the continent turns its face
westward to the Far East, UBC stands on the front
line, occupying a position of prominence in a developing multicultural artistic and scholarly union
with China, Japan, Korea, India and Asian nations.
In 1995, UBC will open a Creative Arts Building
entirely devoted to studio work in art, music, theatre
and film. Funding has come from the Chan Foundation of Canada, founded by
Vancouver businessmen Tom and Caleb Chan, who have recently come to
Canada from Hong Kong. The centre will include a new concert hall which will at
last give the university a performance space with a proper orchestra pit, and give
the city a medium-sized space where opera and dance productions can be staged.
The new art gallery will meet international museum standards for the security,
handling, conservation and storing of artifacts, allowing the exhibition of travelling shows that demand climate- controlled facilities. It will also provide a long-
awaited home for the 900-piece University Art Collection.
The planning of the arts centre, along with the growth of funding for new
initiatives in each of the arts departments, has laid the foundation for the next
great step forward in UBC's teaching ofthe creative and performing arts. On the
strength of new partnerships with government, business and the community, the
university can now move to fulfil the vision and to keep faith with those who set
the stage so many years ago.
—From The President's Report on the Creative and Performing Arts, published in
1990 by the UBC Community Relations Department. Excerpted by Morna McLeod
When ll'BC's $31 million creative and performing
arts centre opens in 1995, a student painter, through
pro7<imity and daily contact, will learn what a violinist
must do to master a (Beethoven concerto, while a
geography student may be drawn into the art gallery,
there to perceive new continents of the imagination.
A program for the experienced manager who anticipates greater
responsibilities and who requires state-of-the-art education in
management to develop the strategic perspectives and global outlook
demanded of tomorrow's senior management.
Three rigorous years of classes on two nights a week with a cohort of
professional colleagues at the University's downtown campus which is
designed to provide continuity between work and study within an
environment created specifically for advanced learning.
Reach for the top. Call 291-501 3, fax 291-5122, or write Executive
MBA Program, Simon Fraser University at Harbour Centre, 515 West
Hastings Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 5K3 for program and admission
Faculty of Business Administration
Simon Fraser
MusicaC 'Miscettany
Nearly 200 concerts are
performed each year in
the school of music's
Recital Hall.
Longest school of music
concert: two days and
one night during the '89
Pianothon. Jane Coop,
Robert Rogers, Rena
Sharon and Robert Silverman joined students
to play non-stop at the
Arts Club Theatre. The
event inspired the donation of two grand pianos
and raised money for
2156 West 12th Avenue, Vancouver, B.C   V6K 2N2
Phone: (604) 732-3763, FAX: (604) 8467
Congratulates the
University of British Columbia
on the occasion of its
75th Anniversary.
'We at Softef^Services Ltd.
look^ahead to the University
continuing its tradition of
forward looking research and
30 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Arts Profiles
'Bob Harlow, <BA '48
/T| uring his 25 years as an in-
| f I structor in the creative writing
J I department, Robert Harlow had
_fa^ one constant piece of advice for
his students: write for three hours every
day. Following his own advice, he has
produced seven novels and is now at
work on the eighth.
Harlow grew up in a young and
booming Prince George. In 1941, on his
18th birthday, he joined the air force
and spent the war in the cockpit of a
fighter plane.
Joining up was an easy decision,
but knowing what to do after the war
was more difficult. Harlow enroled at
UBC in 1945, one among the mass of
returning soldiers. "I thought I'd become a lawyer, and then I thought I'd
become a philosopher, then an economist. Then I took Earle's course in '47-
'48 and that was the only course I cared
about. I really wanted to be a writer,
Earle, of course, was poet Earle
Birney, who had taught UBC's first
creative writing class in 1946.
"Earle changed my life. One day I
was floundering around and the next I
knew what I was going to do. Earle was
a fine teacher, a damned good poet.
He's absolutely, definitely seminal in
this country."
Harlow graduated in 1948 with a
B.A. in English. On the strength of his
new devotion and Birney's recommendation, he was invited tojoin the prestigious Iowa Writers' Workshop at the
University of Iowa, the first Canadian
to be so honoured.
He went back to Prince George
after earning his M.F.A. in Iowa, but
soon returned to Vancouver to work
with the CBC. He became a public
affairs producer for CBC Radio, and a
year later was made Director of Radio,
B.C. Region, a post which he held for
twelve years. During this time he wrote
little fiction, starting but abandoning
two novels, then finally writing and
publishing Royal Murdoch.
By 1964, "1 was so bored it was just
awful." A call from Earle Birney rescued him with an offer to teach writing
at UBC where Birney "commandeered
an office and said, 'We're going to be a
program.'" A year later their renegade
program became a full department and
Birney, its founder, was ready to leave
UBC. Bob Harlow became the first head
of the first full-fledged creative writing
department in the world.
During the years he spent at UBC
he helped hundreds of students "to
teach themselves to write." He also
wrote six of his seven novels. "Without
the students I never would have made
it as an author. I had to keep explaining myself to them."
During his first year as a sessional
instructor, Harlow wrote A Gift of Echoes set, like RoyalMurdoch, in a fictionalized town in northern B.C.
After a period of reading European
authors (Flaubert, Rilke, Grass), the
tone of his work changed. "When I did
the third book, it turned out to be
Scann." While Scann is also a tale of life
in Northern B.C., "it's written from a
more existential perspective, a less
romantic one. A lot of people thought I
had found my metier, but that way of
looking at things didn't stay with me."
A series of personal crises plagued
the years after Scann, and when Harlow began to write again in 1977—on
New Year's Day—he did so only for his
own amusement. He wrote Making Arrangements, the story of three low-lifes
and their farcical attempts to win big at
the race track. It put its author back on
his own track. He published again in
1983, 1985 and 1988.
In the next two books, "I wanted to
do back-to-back pieces about a guy
who'd never heard of the feminist
movement and then a woman who'd
never heard of it. Nobody appreciated
them much."
Harlow received a lot of criticism
for creating such an unrepentant
womanizer as the title character of Paul
Nolan. He also received letters from
men saying, "How did you know?" In
Felice, he faced the challenge of writing
from a woman's point of view and this
time was criticized for stepping out of
his own territory.
All these books drew on elements
of Harlow's personal experience—his
early years in northern towns, a penchant for horse racing, a trip to Europe—yet none were really autobiographical. It wasn't until The Saxophone Winter that, "I decided to go back
to the little town—not the ones I'd
invented but the one I grew up in."
He was finally ready to create
Christopher Waterton, a charming,
mixed-up adolescent who, through one
eventful winter, begins to understand
something of adulthood. Underneath
the story vibrates the stirrings of war in
Europe. In Flying Blind, now nearing
completion, the war is on, and Christopher, as Bob Harlow once did, leaves
home to join the air force.
CBC Television has bought the
rights to The Saxophone Winter and on
the proceeds Bob Harlow has moved to
Mayne Island, a move as unexpected as
most ofthe events in his life. Of writing
he says, "It's not one of those things
where you ever know what you're going
to be doing. My life has just been a contingency."
But one thing has remained constant: he still writes for three hours
every day.
—Morna McLeod
S.N. McLean
Forestry Services Ltd.
171 Wlkan Si, Koialoops, B.C. V2B 2M6
phomt: (604) 376-6293
Congratulations to the
University of British Columbia
on its 75th Anniversary.
We loor\Jorward to the
University continuing its
tradition of pioneering research
and scholarship into the
Twenty-first Century!
Chronicle/Fall 1990 31 ^^  Arts Profiles
MichaeC Conway 'Baker,
Composer BMllS '66
^^i alking   to   Michael   Conway
/   I ~   Baker you realize quite quickly
I    I       that he feels strongly about
I things. Three of those things
/ are his music, teaching and
~      UBC.
He began playing and writing at a
young age. He was born in Florida, the
son of vaudeville performer Phil Baker.
He travelled around the U.S. with his
family most of his childhood, and attended 13 schools in 12 years. With the
family record collection and a piano, he
taught himself the basics of music
He moved to Vancouver in 1958,
when he was 20 years old. He first
planned to stay with his grandmother,
who had offered him a room and a
piano, but when she took ill the plans
evaporated. "I was really desperate to
get going on my piano studies. Then I
got a letter from a friend of my grandmother, a painter, who invited me to
live with her and her husband while I
studied. So I came." With their help, he
began his first formal piano studies.
After a year of intensive study, he
passed the external exams of the London College of Music, then enroled at
UBC to study composition. He taught
grade seven full time for 9 years after
graduating. "But I was writing music
all the time. In the staff room, at lunch
time, even at meetings. Once, someone
asked me if I was paying attention, and
I said, 'It's O.K., I can orchestrate and
listen at the same time.' And I could."
He wrote music for dance (notably,
Washington Square for the National
Ballet of Canada), voice and various
instrumental combinations. Then, in
1982, he was approached to write a
score for Nails, a National Film Board
production which was subsequently
nominated for an Oscar, won him his
first Genie, and which has become a
classic. "It has no dialogue, just the
sound of machinery and the music. It's
extremely powerful." Since then, he
has gone on to win two more Genies (for
The Grey Fox and John and the Missus),
a Gemini (for A Planet for the Taking), a
Golden Sheaf Award (for The Emerging
North, music for the NW Territories
Pavilion at Expo 86) and more nominations. He has written music for ABC TV
movies ofthe week. Sea ojSlaughterfor
the CBC, 9 feature movies and a host of
documentaries, shorts and themes for
video presentations and commercials.
The theme for 'The Vicki Gabereau
Show" on CBC radio is a Michael Conway Baker composition. He also writes
songs with his wife, Penny, who, as well
as being a lyricist, is his business manager. He and Penny wrote the music for
the launch of UBC's World of Opportunity campaign.
In all, he has written music for over
40 film and dance projects and over 90
concert works. He will begin his next
project, a score for the feature film,
Kootenai Brown when he gets a fine cut
of the film in September.
It was about the time of Nails that
he decided to quit teaching and write
music full time. "I think teaching is
very important, and I love it," he says.
"I especially love teaching younger kids.
They're so open to ideas, and open to
the magic of the music." But Baker's
career makes full time teaching impossible. "You have to start work on some
of these projects immediately. If a producer calls from Toronto and wants to
talk about a score, he wants to talk
about it now, so you have to fly out
there. The time commitments of teaching are just too rigid."
But he can't stop teaching entirely.
He teaches part time in UBC's department of music, teaching, as he says,
everything from music appreciation to
orchestration. He also teaches a course
he created, composition for film.
Michael Conway Baker's music (he
uses his middle name, "Conway," to
distinguish himself from another Michael Baker, who composes dance
music) is best described as romantic.
"One critic writing about Washington
Square said I have one foot in the 20th
Century and one foot in the 19th. I
suppose that's true."
But his more traditional sense of
melody, harmony and form has garnered him his share of problems. UBC's
school of music in the '50s was grounded
in the avant garde. The music of Anton
Weber, Schoenberg and Bartok dominated the school, and a young man
who bathed in the light of Brahms was
anathema to the prevailing ethos. "I
tried the twelve tone approach in some
of my music and, for me, it just didn't
work. I think you have to believe in the
music you write." He believed in his
music enough to resist the pressures
and develop his own vision.
"Once," he recalls, "at the beginning of my time at UBC, I sat down with
Jean Coulthard, and she began to
rewrite a piece of my music. I remember nearlyjumping off the piano bench,
saying 'Don't touch my notes!' But she
was very good to me, and after that she
would say, 'Well, my dear, I'll just make
a suggestion.' She was really quite
Though much of his time at UBC
was spent "bucking the avant garde
establishment," he looks back on his
school years with great fondness. "There
was a tremendous espirit de corps
among the students in the department,
a tremendous sense of encouragement.
It was like it is now in the real world.
The critics might kill me (although I've
received some very fine notices), but
the public and the film industry says,
'Don't stop. Keep writing.' It's very
Michael Conway Baker keeps writing. His own personal, distinctive voice
will continue to produce music that is
both accessible and original.       —CP
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32 Chronicle/Fall 1990 The UBC Thunderbirds
A Legacy of Character and Characters
Of the some 350 students who will attend UBC
this fall and wear the familiar blue and gold
colours of the Thunderbirds, most will be aware
of the standard set by their predecessors. For
those on teams still struggling to make their
mark on CIAU sanctioned sport, the only pressure may be to make the team and to satisfy
their own individual performance standards. For those entering programs that have won national or conference
championships, there will be the added pressure of teammates determined to repeat a winning season. However,
very few of these athletes, who generally range in age from
18 to 22, will completely understand the legacy which
began when their grandparents were toddlers.
Seventy-five years of sport at UBC has produced a
colourful history, one that is marked by both character and
characters: character such as that produced in the hearts
of the women's basketball team which won the gold medal
by defeating France at the Women's International Games in
Prague in 1930; and characters such as the near legendary
Frank Gnup, who coached football and baseball from 1955
to 1973 and won the hearts of students, faculty and media
alike through an exceptional wit and humanitarian attitude . UBC's record fh sport is an enviable one. At the end
ofthe 1989-90 season, Thunderbird teams had claimed a
total of 27 CIAU National Championships in seven different
sports: swimming, volleyball, basketball, football, field
hockey, gymnastics and soccer. That total ranks second
behind the University of Toronto in the number of national
championships won since the inception of the CIAU. It
would be wrong, however, to ignore the prior accomplishments of UBC teams and athletes.
Varsity sport in Vancouver began in 1891 when McGill
University College of British Columbia, then operating on
UBC's original Fairview site,
fielded an English rugby team. A
senior team from the college
competed in the Vancouver Rugby
Union league of 1906 and was
awarded the Miller Cup for having the best playing record. The
UBC Rugby Union was founded
in 1915, and competed for the
McKechnie Cup that same year.
The Cup, which was first awarded
in 1895, was named after Dr.
Robert E. McKechnie, who served
as UBC Chancellor from 1918 to
1944. The McKechnie Cup is the
oldest active competitive trophy
in Canada, and Varsity won its
first of 21 McKechnie Cup victories in 1922. Varsity has tied for
the McKechnie six times.
UBC's oldest women's sport
is field hockey. By the time UBC
opened its doors in 1915, the
women's field hockey team was
preparing for its fifth season. The
by Don Wells
team enjoyed phenomenal success right up to and including
the CIAU years, and won four CIAU Championships, eight
Canada West Conference Championships and provided a
significant talent pool for Canada's national and Olympic
While men's field hockey remains a club sport, it also
has a lengthy history, thanks to Dr. Harry Warren, who was
recently named to the B.C. Sport Hall Of Fame. A Rhodes
scholar and a UBC professor emeritus, Warren was UBC's
top sprinter in the '20s and a star rugby player, but he is still
best known as a builder of field hockey on Point Grey.
The first year of ice hockey at UBC was also 1915, and
the goaltender on that 1915-16 team was Sherwood Lett,
UBC chancellor from 1951-1957 and Past President ofthe
Alumni Association. There have been three phases of Thunderbird hockey. During the club phase (1915-1960), hockey
became a major campus sport. A women's team was formed
in 1915, and lasted into the mid '20s. In the second phase
(1960-81), the team entered the Western Canadian Intercollegiate Athletic Union (now known as the Canada West University Athletic Association—CWUAA), and was coached by
David Bauer. The 1964 Olympic hockey team stayed on
campus during this period, the Winter Sports Centre was
built, links were established with hockey in Asia and the
program was solidifed under coach Bob Hindmarch and
later through men's athletic director Rick Noonan. In the period 1982 to the present, T-Bird Athletics has become an independent department within UBC, and full time coaches
have been hired to direct the hockey program.
Canadian Rugby began in 1924 as a club sport. With the
support of Gordon Shrum, it became a major sport in 1927
in the Big Four League under the coaching of Gordon Burke.
UBC won its first Western Canadian Collegiate Championship in 1929 (the same year that the forward pass was implemented) in a 13-2 victory over
the previously undefeated U of
Saskatchewan. The game was
played at Athletic Park, the old
baseball stadium at 6th and Hemlock, where Nat Bailey got his
start in business as a peanut
On October 2 of the following
year, UBC's Varsity Stadium,
which stood on the site of the
Student Union Building, opened
and became the home of both
rugby and football. Almost thirty
years to the day later, Thunderbird Stadium was opened at a
cost of 1.2 million dollars. The
football team became the centrepiece of the athletic department in the years that followed,
winning five Western Intercollegiate Football League titles (1976,
'78, '82, '86 and '87) and two
Vanier Cups (1982, 1986) in four
appearances under head coach
Chronicle/Fall 1990 33 Page 36, top: 1930 basketball team won the gold medal at the Women's
International Games in Prague. Middle: T-Bird cross-kicks during Open
House match with UVic in 1949. Bottom: Gordon Shrum, President Douglas
Kenny and T-Bird quarterback Dan Smith at Shrum Bowl, 1980.
Page 37. top: W.A.C. Bennett presents award to UBC's rowing team,
which won gold and silver at the '56 Olympics. Middle: News report of
women's 1930 basketball victory.
Frank Smith.
Prior to UBC's success in football, basketball propelled
the university into national and international prominence,
beginning with the gold medal won by the 1929-30 women's
team at the Women's International Games.
The '30s was a memorable decade for UBC basketball.
The men's team won the university's first national championship in 1930-31, repeating in 1937-38 and 1940-41. The
top scorer in the 1931 victory over the St. Catherines Grads
was freshman Robert Osborne. Osborne would later serve as
coach of both the men's and women's teams, 1948 men's
Olympic team coach, director of men's athletics and director
ofthe school of physical education and recreation. Osborne's
notable charges included former provincial cabinet minister
Pat McGeer and on-court standouts Richie Nichol, Sandy
Robertson, Reid Mitchell, Ruth Wilson and Faye Burnham.
The glory days of men's basketball continued through
the early '40s and culminated in the stellar team of 1945-46.
Varsity had a 34-5 record that year and won the Pacific
Northwest Intercollegiate title. Osborne's dream team also
split a pair of games with the Washington Huskies, won two
out of four games against the University of Oregon, and was
the first western team to beat the fabulous Harlem Globetrotters (42-38) in a game allegedly devoid of the Trotters
trademark clowning.
Success for both men's and women's basketball returned in the early '70s with the women recording three
consecutive CIAU championship beginning in 1971-72 and
the men clinching the national title in 1969-70 and 1971-72.
Like hockey, UBC's basketball program now uses full time
coaches to insure consistency in an increasingly competitive
coast to coast athletic union. Under Coach Bruce Enns. who
came to UBC from the University of Winnipeg in 1985, the
men's team ended the seven year domination of CIAU basketball by the Victoria Vikings in 1986-87 and went on to the
national final where they were narrowly defeated by the University of Brandon. The Thunderbird women's team has
again become a contender under the direction of Misty Thomas, a national team member and the only female University
of Nevada Las Vegas alumnus to have a number retired.
While basketball was largely responsible for introducing
UBC athletes to the realm of international
competition, the greatest international
triumph has been met by the school's
rowing crews. UBC's program has long
been associated with the Vancouver
Rowing Club and the dual program reached
the pinnacle of its success in the mid
fifties to early sixties. In 1954, racing on
the Vedder Canal, the UBC/VRC eight
man crew won the British Empire and
Commonwealth Games gold medal. Then
at the 1956 Olympic Games in Melbourne,
Australia, the UBC/VRC eight man crew
won the silver medal while the four man
crew captured the gold. Olympic success
did not end there as the eight man crew
returned to Olympic competition in 1960
in Rome and captured another silver medal.
UBC rowers again attained international
recognition in the eighties as Pat Turner
and Paul Steele were part of Canada's
eight man crew which rowed to Olympic
gold in Los Angeles in 1984. Tricia Smith,
who rowed at UBC in the late seventies
and early eighties, is one of Canada's most
medaled athletes along with former world
champion high jumpers Debbie Brill and
Thelma Wright. As a member of the national team. Smith received one silver and
34 Chronicle/Fall 1990 i OF WORLD
..Girls Basketball Ag-
4  gregation   Wins
^     Title at Prague *
PFi&rsSUS.   Cwchst   Slovakia, &£$\
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six bronze World Championship medals, one silver Olympic medal, one gold commonwealth medal and was a
member of four Canadian
Olympic teams.
Although Brill got her
start at UBC, the glory days of
UBC track and field in the
seventies belonged more than
anyone else to Thelma (nee
Flynn) Wright. Wright was one
of twelve UBC athletes to compete in the 1972 Munich Olympics, along with an awesome
contingent of high jumpers
coached by Lionel Pugh and
led by John Hawkins and John
Beers. Dubbed the "Mighty
Atom," Wright entered international competition in 1969
at 17. She won her first medal,
a bronze, the following year at
the Commonwealth games in
the 1500 metre event. She
finished out of the medals in
Munich in 1972, but repeated
her bronze medal performance
at the Commonwealth Games
in 1974. Her greatest international triumph, however, came
under the pressure of home-
country scrutiny at the 1976
Olympics in Montreal when
she ran a time of 4:10:20 in
the 1500 metres and won a
silver medal.
Soccer has been played at the varsity level since the late
'20s, but it wasn't until recently that both the men's and
women's teams made their marks. Between 1978 and 1989,
the men's team (under the late Joe Johnson, and later under
Dick Mosher) won six Canada West Conference championships and five CIAU championships. It is fitting that the final
CIAU title ofthe decade came at Thunderbird Stadium. The
'Birds beat St. Mary's Huskies 1-0 in the championship
final. It was only the second time a Thunderbird team won
a CIAU championship at home.
The 'Birds women's soccer team dominated the sport in
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Programmed for 200 years!
Push a button to find month, year
or day/date of important dates or holidays.
Even has an appointment reminder alarm.
Perfect for the office and home.
Each Calendar/Clock is tastefully finished
to commemorate the 75th Anniversary
of a truly outstanding university.
Actual size: 31/2"H, 41/2"W, 21/»"D
Comes with BULOVA's one year warranty.
(See over for order details)
UBC Homecoming!
September 27 to October 3
Chronicle/Fall 1990 35 o
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UBC Homecoming!
September 27 to October 3
Big Block members chant "Kla-how-yah," the old pre-game
ritual, at the 1976 Big Block Dinner. Second from left is Bob
Osborne, far right is Harry Warren.
the mid '80s. Under coach Brian Thomson, the team won five
consecutive Canada West championships and the inaugural
CIAU Women's Soccer Championships in 1987.
By the beginning of the last decade, Canadian university sport had turned a crucial corner with the advent of live
national television broadcasting. The Thunderbirds first live
appearance came in 1977 when the football team played the
Manitoba Bisons in the CBC's "Game ofthe Week." Then in
1978 a coast to coast audience saw the T-Birds lose 16-3 to
Queen's in their first Vanier Cup appearance. In 1982, CBC
was again on hand to televise UBC's outstanding running
back Glenn Steele rush for 236 yards to lead his team to their
first Vanier Cup win, 39-14 over the Western Ontario Mustangs.
The biggest boost to CIAU sport, however, came as a
result of TSN's decision to buy the exclusive rights to all
CIAU sports for a five year period. Annual broadcast time
went from approximately nine hours in 1987-88 to seventy
five hours in 1988-89 and now includes regular coverage of
league and playoff football games and the Vanier Cup, as
well as the national championship tournaments of basketball, volleyball and hockey.
The first broadcast ofthe 1990-91 season will feature
the Thunderbirds and the Calgary Dinosaurs in the season
opener, live from Calgary's McMahon Stadium on September 1. As the television crews begin their set-up, as school information directors coordinate pre-game interviews, as the
sponsors' banners go up in the end zones and as the highly
specialized players in sophisticated protective equipment go
through their warm-ups, witnesses may look on in wonder
at how long it has been since the days fans at the old Varsity
Stadium sang:
Hail! UBC
Our glorious university.
You stand for aye
Between the mountains and the sea:
All through life's way,
Let's sing Kla-how-yah Varsity
Tuum Est wins the day
And we'll push on to victory
Don Wells is Sports Information Officer for Athletics
and Sport Services
36 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Time Warp at War Memorial Gym
On a mid-May afternoon in
the lobby of War Memorial
Gym, Pat LaRoue is shaking
the hand of Gavin Dirom for
the first time.
LaRoue, 21, is a 4th year phys ed
student and starting linebacker for
the Thunderbird football team. Dirom, 81, was also a Thunderbird
football player.
obviously enjoying an encounter with a
UBC gridiron great of yesteryear.
Even though both the game and
the equipment have evolved, the athletes themselves are remarkably unchanged. Both LaRoue and Dirom have
had tbeir share of injuries (Dirom tore
shoulder ligaments, Laroue has broken a leg and both have the usual knee
problems). LaRoue, as Dirom did, works
1      Ni
**■ «_.
-  \ \ r        .-" -_s   ■' •'  **'TF ■_"
Tommy Berto throws a tackle at Gavin Dirom during a Varsity game, 192a.
"You must have played in the
days when you folded your helmet
and put it in your back pocket," jokes
LaRoue. Dirom looks puzzled for a
moment but then replies, "No, those
were aviators."
The truth is that helmets of any
description were optional in the days
when Dirom was a 210 lb backfield
hero with the "Blue and Gold." Unlike
fellow backfielder Gordon (Cokie)
Shields, Dirom chose to wear the
leather helmet. And even though it
was a touch sturdier than the one
Lindberg wore, it didn't offer anything close to the protection provided
by LaRoue's 1990 version. In any
case, LaRoue is just being friendly,
construction jobs in the summer to
stay strong and to finance schooling.
Dirom also played rugby and basketball and was a top sprinter, winning
the 1926 provincial junior title in the
100yard dash. LaRoue, agraduateof
St. Thomas More, played lacrosse,
hockey, soccer and won a provincial
championship in the 100m breast
stroke. Presumably, both have also
struggled at times to maintain standards in the classroom as well as on
the field.
The encounter between these two
individuals shows clearly the basic
similarity of athletes past and present. It also underscores the tremendous progress of university sport both
on Point Grey and across the coun-
Gavin Dirom graduated in engineering in 1932 and played Canadian rugby as it was then called, from
1927 to 1931 in the Big Four League.
The league consisted of UBC's "Blue
and Gold," New Westminster, Vancouver and Victoria. The winner of
the Big Four Championship played a
prairie team for the Hardy Cup,
symbolic of Western Canadian university football supremacy. A national
championship was still years away.
For LaRoue, however, university sport
has much more to offer.
In the modern era, Canadian In-
teruniversity Athletic Union (CIAU)
teams from 45 member institutions
in six conferences across the country
compete for national titles in nine different sports. Some ofthe games are
broadcast live throughout Canada.
Although the Canadian system is not
as rich as the American one, there are
corporate sponsors willing to pour
millions annually into university
sport. Football's Vanier Cup, which
drew 32,877 to Toronto's Sky Dome
for it's 25th anniversary contest last
year, remains the centrepiece of the
CIAU national championships. The
Sports Network (TSN) has, however,
purchased the exclusive broadcast
rights to all CIAU sports for one million dollars over five years. In addition to football, national TV coverage
of university hockey, volleyball and
basketball has made these sports
even more attractive to advertisers.
And while some have argued
against private sector involvement in
university sport, the additional funds
hold the promise of better athletic
programs, improvement in our international competitiveness and a significant contribution to professional
As the brief chat between Gavin
Dirom and Pat LaRoue ends, they exchange the mutual hope to meet again
in the fall at Thunderbird Stadium.
Another similarity between the athlete of past and present becomes apparent—the sheer love of the game.
—Don Wells
Chronicle/Fall 1990 37 Pierre Berton
Media Star in Training at UBC
ierre Berton is a man whose
achievements have occurred not singly but in
multiples—a man to whom
lists accrue. Lists of books
published: 36 as ofthe fall,
including best-selling histories, memoirs, social commentary,
and children's stories. Lists of awards,
honours and distinctions: 19 including three Governor General awards,
the Stephen Leacock Medal for Humour, and Companion of the Order of
Canada. Lists of honorary degrees: 12
to date, including an LL.D. in 1985
from his Alma Mater, UBC. Lists of
media scaled and conquered: he has
been a newspaper reporter, columnist
and editor: he has been managing editor of Canada's largest magazine; he
has written not only books but documentary scripts for film and television
programs and continues to appear as a
panellist on the eternal "Front Page
Challenge." Lists of causes defended
and protests launched: he has spoken
out for the Civil Liberties Association
against clandestine police activities; he
has supported the Writers' Union of
Canada in condemning proposed pornography legislation; he has been director of Heritage Canada, promoting
the preservation of historical buildings
and sites; he has advocated (and lost a
column over) sexual honesty for teenagers; he has asserted (long before it
was fashionable) women's right to
control their own bodies; and he has
loudly denounced funding cuts to the
CBC. There are more accomplishments
and advocacies, of course, and more
lists. Even lists of children: he has
eight of them, seven with names beginning with "P" ("P" as in "prodigious").
Now another honour is about to be
by 'Robin Laurence
bestowed upon him, another prize flung
onto the glistening heap. On September 29, Pierre Berton, Arts '41, will be
presented with The Great Trekker Award
for 1990, in recognition of his professional eminence, his contributions to
his community, and his ongoing support of his Alma Mater.
The Great Trekker" is a curious
name, evocative of wilderness adven
tures or pioneer expeditions, even a bit
suggestive of Berton's Yukon childhood. It refers, in actuality, to an urban
protest march that profoundly affected
the history ofthe university. In 1922, a
group of UBC students, fed up with
deplorable classroom conditions at their
provisional Fairview campus, and furious with the provincial government's
years of stalling on its promise to construct a university on the site that had
been designated for it in 1907, paraded, by truck and car and then by
foot, from downtown Vancouver to the
Endowment Lands at Point Grey. There
they erected a granite cairn to mark the
event that later became known as The
Great Trek, and that stirred government commitment to the university's
development. Monies were found to
resume construction of campus buildings and The Great Trek became a
legend of student solidarity and striving in support of their own university.
/n September 1940, a young
Ubyssey editor and columnist named Pierre Berton wrote an article titled,
"Annual Cairn Ceremony
To Be Held Tuesday."
Berton described the cairn
as a "symbol of the Alma Mater spirit
which smoulders beneath the academic
exterior of the undergraduate body"
and "a shrine before which every undergraduate must bow his head before
he can all himself a true son of his Alma
Mater." It is fun to read prophetic innuendo into this slightly purple (or is it
tongue-in-cheek?) prose. In 1940,
though, Berton could hardly have anticipated the creation of The Great
Trekker Award (established in 1950,
the award is a miniature ofthe original
cairn), much less his being named to it.
His single-minded aspiration at the
time was to a career in journalism—his
entire university agenda were directed
to that end.
Berton had transferred to UBC from
Victoria College in 1939 with the express purpose of working on The Ubyssey. "I had discovered from reading The
Ubyssey in Victoria that guys who
worked for it generally got a job," he
says. "I had helped start the paper (at
Victoria College) called The Microscope,
which was a little bulletin board paper,
Zoran Milich
fConorary degrees
- LLD (P.E.I.)
- D. IJTT (York) Toronto
- LLD (Dalhousie) New Brunswick
- LLD (Brock) Niagara Fall. Ontario
- D. LITT (Windsor) Ontario
- Doctor of A.U. (Athabaska. Alta.)
- LLD (University of Victoria. BC)
- D. LITT (McMaster) Ontario
- LLD (Royal Military College) Kingston, Ontario
- D.F.A. (University of Alaska)
- LLD (University of British Columbia)
- LLD (University of Waterloo)
38 Chronicle/Fall 1990 THE   UBYSSEY
Things the U. B C. Can't Do Without
Pierre Berton's
cartoons were a
regular feature of
The Ubyssey.
This one, done in
1939, shows that
the important
things never
and I decided to become a journalist
and figured the best way was to work
on The Ubyssey and learn the business
and get a job. Which is exactly what
happened." He shifted his major from
chemistry to English and history, but
says he had no inkling then that he
would become famous for writing volumes of Canadian history. "I didn't
think I was going to write books—I was
just going to be a journalist." In fact,
Berton nearly failed History 15, whose
lectures he consistently skipped. (He
squeaked through by borrowing classmates' notes and flipping coins over
the more troubling examination questions.) Berton was hardly an exemplary
student: as he tells it, the classes he
didn't cut, he slept through. Most of his
waking hours were devoted to the furthering of his journalistic ambitions:
working as 'Tuesday editor" on The
Ubyssey, writing and broadcasting
programs for the university's Radio
Society, co-editing The Point Grey News-
Gazette, acting as campus correspondent for the News-Herald (one of the
three Vancouver dailies), and hanging
out with fellow "Pubsters" (members of
the Publications Board of the Alma
Mater Society).
"I had a wonderful time," Berton
says. "The happiest years of my life. I
didn't have to work—it was great!" From
a man who was so busy he scarcely had
time to sleep, and who later wrote three
dozen books in fewer than three dozen
years, this suggested aversion to work
has to be seen as ironic. "I didn't do
very much—just wandered around the
campus with girls, drank a lot of beer,
had a lot of fun, and learned my trade."
"He was hardworking and aggressive," says his old friend, Virginia Beirnes, who worked on The Ubyssey with
him. "And very bouncy." Beirnes, who
dated Berton for a while (a picture of
"Ginny and Pierre" attending the Arts-
Aggie Ball appears in the 1941 Totem),
recalls that the tall, gangly, red-haired
young Berton was "quite shy." But, she
adds, "on the other hand, he was quite
forceful." In a 1981 interview with Sylvia
Fraser, Berton described the process of
overcoming early insecurities: "You
shake yourself out of your inferiority
complex by finding out what you can do
well." At UBC, Berton's drive and
ambition were overcoming his self-
doubts. "He had a strong sense of
himself," Beirnes says.
Another fellow Pubster, longtime
Vancouver Sun journalist Jim MacFarlane, recalls that Berton "was very
enterprising ... He was a real go-getter
as a reporter." MacFarlane recommended Berton to succeed him as
campus correspondent for the News-
Herald. "I thought he was the most up-
and-coming reporter on The Ubyssey,
so I felt he would be able to handle the
job." Not only did Berton handle it, he
landed a summer position at the Herald and went to work there after he
graduated. MacFarlane's wife, Joyce
Cooper, aformerC.U.P. journalist who
also befriended Berton during his Ubyssey days, says "what marked Pierre
was his tremendous energy and enthusiasm." And, she adds, "devilment."
She describes Berton as bringing "a
breath of the Yukon to the campus . . .
His energy and enthusiasm were inclined to carry him away sometimes—
but in the right direction."
One direction in which he was
carried—and for which he is still notorious—was controversy. Iconoclasm.
In his 1940-41 Ubyssey column, "On
the Outside," Berton took swipes at
provincial political parties for not addressing the needs and concerns of
young voters. "A government composed
Chronicle/Fall 1990 39 or ruled by old men can bring nothing
but reaction and stagnation," he wrote
in October 1941. He also tilted at UBC
students for being indifferent to the
war effort, at the hypocrisies of fraternity members and the inadequacies of
the Student Council and—perversely—
at the A.M.S. for proposing to pay students who served in official capacities.
"Student executive work, or student
journalistic work is as much of an
education as any lecture course given
on the campus." Berton wrote. "Students should pay for the privilege of
working for the university—not get paid
for it."
Berton sees his impulse to take on
established institutions and middle-
class conventions as a hereditary trait.
"My grandfather was a rebel," he says,
"so it's my genes, I think." This grandfather, Phillips Thompson, described
by Berton as "the most famous journalist in Ontario," was a man whose
unpopular, socialist views caused him
to lose jobs and live in poverty. Berton's
own left-leaning politics, however, do
not seem to have inhibited his successes in the slightest: his books have
sold hundreds of thousands of copies
over the years and he enjoys a degree of
comfort rare among writers.
Berton's irreverence found other
outlets: he contributed deft little car-
a new car?
"Given the opportunity we
will better any price you
can obtain on the
purchase of a new vehicle."
Greg Huynh
#506-1015 Burrard Street
Vancouver, B.C. V7Z 1Y_
Robert Montgomery
#209-1815 Blanshard Street
Victoria, B.C. V8T 5A4
toons to The Ubyssey, satirizing campus life and spirit, and he wrote the
delightfully rude song, 'The Illegitimate Children of the Publications
Board," which, half a century later, his
friends still allude to with amused
chagrin. In a more serious spirit of
change, he revised the format of The
Ubyssey, updating and streamlining
Working on The Ubyssey in the
1940s was equivalent to a contemporary course in journalism—a self-taught
course. "We learned the business ourselves," Berton says, but being largely
unsupervised was a boon, an incitement to create. "It was a lively paper
and they left us alone. It was a student
paper, it didn't answer to the president
or the Student Council or anybody
else. We ran it ourselves." Some of
Berton's fellow "graduates" from the
Ubyssey "program" were Eric Nicol,
Lister Sinclair, and Patrick Keatly, all
of whom made distinguished careers
for themselves in journalism and broadcasting. Another was Janet Walker,
who was "Friday editor" of The Ubyssey, secretary ofthe Radio Society, and
editor of the student handbook, The
Tillicum. After graduating. Walker went
to work as a reporter for The Province,
giving up her job to marry Berton in
March 1946. At the time. Berton joked
that he married Walker to cut down on
his competition. Not that he had much
to worry about—few people were able
to match the output of this
journalistic wunderkind.
At 21. Berton had become the
youngest city editor of any Canadian
daily. His precocious career lost four
years when he was drafted into the
army, but he still managed to start two
army newspapers and rise to the rank
of captain/instructor during that "hiatus." On returning to Vancouver, Berton wrote for the Vancouver Sun and
freelanced for magazines and radio. In
1947, he moved to Toronto, to become
the youngest assistant editor at
Maclean's magazine, quickly becoming
its managing editor. In Toronto, he also
began to broadcast radio and TV programs, and to write the books that
would so often stimulate and answer
the public's need for accessible history.
Throughout the years, Berton has
maintained his ties with UBC, returning to the campus to enlighten, amuse
and hector the student body, deliver a
Homecoming address, speak at the 25th
anniversary reunion of the class
of '41, lecture for the Vancouver Institute, pick up an Alumni Award of Distinction and that belated honorary
degree, and emcee the gala dinner that
launched  the World  of Opportunity
continued page 41
1956  - Governor-General's Award for Creative Non-Fiction
The Mysterious North
1958 - Governor-General's Award for Crea
tive Non-Fiction
1959 - J.B. McAree Award for Columnist of
the Year
1959 - Canadian Film Award - City of Gold
1960 - Stephen Leacock Medal for Humour
1961 - National Newspaper Awards. Fea
ture Writing and Staff Corresponding
1972  - Association of Canadian Television
and Radio Artists "Nellie" for Integrity and Outspokenness in Broadcasting
1972  - Governor-General's Award for Creative Non-Fiction
The Last Spike
1975  - Officer ofthe Order of Canada
1975  - Toronto's Civic Award of Merit
1978  - Association of Canadian Television
and Radio Artists "Nellie" for Best
Public Affairs Broadcaster in Radio
1981   - Canadian Authors'Association Literary Award for Non-Fiction
1981 - The Alumni Award of Distinction,
1982 - Canadian Bookseller's Award
1982  - Ontario History and Social Science
Teacher's Association Perspective
1982  - World Tourism Day Medal
1982  - Beefeater Club Prize for Literature
1986  - Companion of the Order of Canada
1989 - Coles Book Award
1990 - The UBC Great Trekker Award
CR Minerals
Research Ltd.
263 Lake Ave., Kelowna, B.C. V1Y 5W6
phone: (604) 860-8525 FAX: (604) 861 -3901
Congratulates the
University of'British Columbia
on its 75th Anniversary.
The University will carry on
into the next century zinth its
excellence in the arts, sciences,
& technology, at the service of
its students, faculty, alumni and
the broader community.
40 Chronicle/Fall 1990 Campaign. Chronicle staff, of course,
have noted his comings and goings
over the years, tracking his enterprises
and outrages. Berton is, after all, one of
UBC's most famous alumni, someone
to be claimed and reclaimed each time
he adds a book, a program, a prize or a
cause to his long-listed life.
Robin Laurence is a Vancouver arts
Booths By 'Pierre Berton
The Royal Family, 1955
The Mysterious North, 1956
Klondike, 1958
Just Add Water and Stir, 1959
Adventures of a Columnist, 1960
Fast, Fast, Fast Relief, 1962
The Big Sell, 1963
The Comfortable Pew, 1965
The Cool, Crazy, Committed World of the
Sixties, 1966
The Smug Minority, 1968
The National Dream, 1970
The Last Spike, 1971
Drifting Home, 1973
Hollywood's Canada, 1975
My Country, 1976
The Dionne Years, 1977
The Wild Frontier, 1978
The Invasion qf Canada, 1980
Flames Across the Border, 1981
Why We Act Like Canadians, 1982
The Promised Land, 1983
Vimy, 1984
Starting Out, 1985
The Arctic Grail, 1988
The Mysterious North (Revised), '89
The Great Depression, 1990
Picture 'Books
The New City (with Henri Rossier), 1961
Remember Yesterday, 1966
The Great Railway, 1972
The Klondike Quest, 1983
Great Canadians, 1966
Pierre and Janet Berton's Canadian Food
Guide, 1966
Historic Headlines, 1967
for young Headers
The Golden Trail, 1955
The Secret World of Og, 1961
Masquerade (as Lisa Kroniuk), 1985
The lucky winner of the 2 free Great Trekker
Dinner tickets is James Windrum,
BComm'80. Congrats. The correct answer
to the question, * What was the date of the
Great Trek" was, of course, 1922. Shame
on you 1915guessers.
The roots of the UBC
vineyard are deep, old,
and strong, only producing
the finest vintage.    To
insure that the fruit
received all the goodness
the vines had to offer,
we've done our best to
nurture and care for each
crop.   For seventy-five
years it has been our
goal to provide an
excellent environment
in which to stimulate
the growth and perfection
of each individual grape,
so that, come harvest time,
they would be ready to
be tasted by the world.
Come and get a taste
6200University _7v_.» 22.4741     of our 75th vintage.
See Pierre Berton at
the Great Trekker Dinner!
The Great Trekker Dinner is held annually to honour those
who made the trek from Fairview to the Point Grey campus in 1922.
This year's honoured guest is Pierre Berton. Tickets for
the gala event, to be held at the Vancouver Hotel, are
$75 per person.
Call the Alumni Association NOW to reserve your
tickets, (604) 228-3313. They're going fast!
Chronicle/Fall 1990 41 A Library
Tour with
by Marjorie Simmins
Illustrations by
Alan Hindle
I, myself, once believed
there were only five or six
libraries at UBC. And, in my
naivety, thought libraries
housed only books.
Our mission will require a brave heart and sensible walking shoes.
Armed only with an inquisitive mind and a belief in the power of
the written word, you will boldly go where no alumni has ever
gone before: to each of the twelve libraries on the UBC campus.
However daunting you may find this challenge, remember you are
opening doors to knowledge and excellent cocktail party trivia. It
is your obligation to share the benefits of this journey.
I, myself, once believed there were only five or six libraries at UBC. And,
in my naivety, thought libraries housed only books, and not records, CD
disks, maps, manuscripts, computers and much more. The phrase Dewey-
Decimal System no longer strikes a chord of fear in this proud soul, nor do
the words microfiche and on-line data base. I have learned.
Think of me as your courageous guide, third cousin of Boadicea, the
warrior queen of Britain. Onward, the turnstiles await our brash entrance.
Age before beauty. Or both, if you consider the grand architecture of Main
Library. This formidable library, built in 1925, has probably caused more
anxiety in undergraduates' psyches than a twenty-four hour cycle of midterm
exams. We, however, are made of sterner stuff. So walk in. There are six levels
of bookstacks in which to browse (euphemism for getting hopelessly lost) and
only four entrances to these stacks (you'll just have to figure it out when you
get there). Take your time, there are many divisions to see: fine arts, social
sciences and humanities, the school of library archival and information studies, special collections, science and maps. You are in the largest library in
British Columbia.
But don't worry, between the library staff and yours truly, you are in good
hands. The librarians who work in Main Library are skilled problem-solvers.
Have faith in people who answer over 1200 questions a day (this includes the
oft-heard refrain: "Just exactly where am I?"). Now you understand the wisdom of sensible shoes: you could, if time permitted, peruse nearly 3 million
volumes stretched out over fifty miles of stacks! And do take good care of the
materials you borrow: can you imagine the insurance premiums on a collection valued at $380 million?
Speak up, I can't hear you. You say you only want a copy of
Shakespeare's "A Midsummer's Night's Dream"? Why didn't you say so? In
that case, we're off to the Sedgewick Undergraduate Library. It not only
serves undergraduates, it serves them underground.
That's right, follow me down the stairs to the library set
up for students in all four years of Arts and the first two
years of Science and Applied Science. We're going to use
the on-line computer here, to see if the Bard's "Dream" is
on the shelf. Trust me, this on-line procedure is twice as
fast as either the card catalogue or the microfiche. See?
There it is on the screen. There are six copies available
and here's the call number to locate it. Would you prefer
a hard or soft copy? Simple, right?
You look a bit frazzled. Happily, I have just the solution to calm your nerves: the Wilson Recordings Library. We don't have to go far, it's over here on the main
floor of Sedgewick, all 30,000 records and 4,500 disc
42 Chronicle/Fall 1990 recordings of it. If you're studying Shakespeare, it's the perfect way to
learn his plays. Just find a
carrell, put on your record, adjust the earphones and voild, let the
drama begin.
If you want real-life drama, I recommend the Law Library. The librarians here, like all the UBC librarians, go out of their way to be
helpful to the students, faculty and general public. Each day they take
calls from judges, lawyers and private citizens, all seeking information
about case reports and statutes, on subjects a diverse as copyright,
marine law, estates and trusts, taxation and environmental protection,
to name a few. All queries are handled promptly and courteously,
whether the individual is a first-timer to the library or a regular, who is
comfortable searching among the 165,000 bound volumes. Even the
more colourful library users—those referred to as having "litigious
paranoia"—are given whatever help and information they seek—no
matter how often they seek it. All part of a day's work in this busy
library so closely connected to the community beyond the University's borders.
Speaking of borders, the library on the campus' southernmost border is
known as the MacMillan Library. In formal terms, MacMillan is the forestry
and agricultural sciences library; informally, it is one of the more aesthetically
pleasing bibliotheques at UBC. Natural lighting from skylights is one reason
the long, rectangular room is appealing. Another unique feature is the flower-
laden balcony just outside the library's entrance. If you can pull yourself away
from this pretty balcony, the periodical collection which awaits you inside
MacMillan is well worth an afternoon's exploration. Who could resist reading
the latest issue
of Canadian Swine? If that prospect doesn't thrill you, what about an encounter with The Journal of Applied Bacteriology? My favourite, hands down, is
Gleanings in Bee Culture. And just in case you can't find what you're looking
for, you are about to meet one of the most intrepid librarians at UBC. This
fearless woman, who shall remain nameless due to reasons of modesty, once
seriously attempted to formulate an answer to the following question: "How
many cows are there in BC?" Only the lack of a helicopter and binoculars
prevented her success.... So go ahead, ask her about the development of tree
bark, she'd love to help you.
No matter how scintillating present company and subject, we must press
And now for something completely different: the Data Library, housed in
the Computer Sciences Building. This is the largest data base library in
Canada. What does this mean? It means computer readable data files, such
as collections of Gallup polls, satellite images, stock market prices, company
balance sheets and much more. It also means a severe case of the intimidation blues, if you do not take the time to speak to the head ofthis unusual
library, who is more than willing to explain the mysteries of a place where
numbers, not words, are king.
Numbers, of course, are the raison d'etre ofthe Mathematics Library.
This is a relatively small library, containing volumes on pure mathematics and
computer science. I do not know what pure mathematics means (does an impure species exist?), but I
do know that if you are prone to math phobia, you
should avoid the wall marked "Math Theses" and
quietly, respectfully, exit the building on the north
We're on the move again. This time to the Music
Library. Unlike the Wilson Recordings Library, the
In formal terms, MacMillan is
the forestry and agricultural
sciences library; informally, it is
one of the more aesthetically
pleasing bibliotheques at UBC.
Chronicle/Fall 1990 43 Music Library is a research collection, with books, periodicals, manuscript facsimiles and musical scores totalling about 60,000 titles. Here,
too, you can settle in for a dreamy afternoon of classical music in one
of the listening rooms. (Here's a thought: if you were an undergrad
music student, instead of just a visitor, you would be tested on your
recognition of many, many pieces of music. Perhaps only a few bars
played and then, "Ms./Mr. Smith, please identify the preceding piece of
music with particular regard to the central role of the woodwinds. In a
thousand words or more, write a stylistic analysis of..."
Scary thought. But fears are to be conquered—and/or studied.
Which is one of the reasons we are going to Graham House, where the
Social Work Library resides (known as the Marjorie Smith Library).
Down through the Rose Garden, cross over Northwest Marine Drive
and curve right in front of this splendid three-storey mansion. Are
these the luckiest librarians on campus or what? In the morning they can
work with the students, guiding them to the just the right reference material
on social welfare, social work methods and related subjects and at lunch
they can step outside to an enormous garden set above the Pacific Ocean.
The Graham family, who willed their twenty-one room house to UBC in 1963,
were as renowned for their wonderful parties as they were for their generosity. Somehow you can still feel the joie de vivre in this house. My vote goes to
call this library the most welcoming of the twelve at UBC.
But we haven't finished our tour yet. The next library we are visiting, the
Asian Library, which is housed in the Asian Centre, has been called 'The
Jewel in the Crown" of the UBC library system. The Asian Centre, like the
near-by Nitobe Gardens, has the structure and spirituality to make you forget the world outside. You concentrate only on the murmurings of Asia.
Where else could you see "Illustrated manuscripts written in courtly
Urdu displaying historical personages from the Mughal period—18th & 19th
century"? And imagine being surrounded by the mystery of nearly half a
million items written in Asian languages. Perhaps you cannot understand
them, but you can enjoy the sounds of words like Sanskrit, Punjabi, Bengali,
Tamil, Marathi. If you understand Chinese, you could consider a book from
the 45,000 volume (t'se in Chinese) P'u-pan Collection. If you simply want to
look around the library, I suggest you go to the top floor where display cases
with precious manuscripts, scrolls and paintings are set along one wall. For
serenity, should you be seeking that elusive quality, read the description of
the Mewar Painting (1630-1640 A.D.):
"Walking in the bowers swarming with bumblebees,
sweating induced by fatigue became profuse,
In striving for you I am left
wafting myself with lotus petals."
Now don't become too serene, we've miles to go.
The next stop on our tour is the Curriculum Laboratory. This library,
located on the third floor of the Neville Scarfe Building, offers specialized materials and services for teachers in training. The
Currie Lab's claim to fame, as you can see, is the
wide variety of materials it contains. In addition to
text books on teaching trends, educational history
and curriculum guides, there is a large collection of
early childhood and juvenile fiction and audiovisual
materials. There is also a French collection, for those
who will be teaching in immersion schools. Even if
The Asian Centre, like the
near-by Nitobe Gardens, has
the structure and spirituality
to make you forget the world
outside. You concentrate only
on the murmurings of Asia.
44 Chronicle/Fall 1990 you've never considered teaching as a career, this is an intriguing
library to explore.
Equally intriguing and considerably more complex in the nature of
services provided, is the Woodward Biomedical Library, located in the
medical quadrant of the university. Woodward serves the life and
health sciences community on campus, as well as the community at
large. Its collection is large and broad in scope: medicine, rehabilitation medicine, nursing, dentistry, pharmaceutical sciences, nutrition,
zoology and more. Woodward provides clinical materials to the University Hospital on campus. It also staffs three off-campus teaching
hospitals: Hamber Library at Children's/Grace/Shaughnessy hospitals, the Biomedical Branch at Vancouver General Hospital and St.
Paul's Hospital Library.
The Health Sciences Library Network, established in 1982, is the
cord which ties together these four widely separated health sciences libraries.
Requests for information and materials are transmitted via fax machine and a
daily delivery service. This means that students, faculty and hospital staff can
have almost immediate access to information in any of the four libraries. If
you are thinking this is a small service, consider this: over 40,000 requests
are handled in a single year.
The staff in the Network Department of Woodward are not the only ones
busy answering questions. In friendly competition with MacMillan for the
weirdest query of the year, are the following questions directed to the reference desk at Woodward: "Is it legal to raise edible snails in Canada?" "What is
the statistical distribution of eye colour in Canada?" "Where can a patron find
a collection of pictures of various types of reptile eggs?" "Individual patron
wishes to know how he can make LSD."
Individual librarian requests two week holiday on remote Aleutian island....
I have saved the most unusual library at UBC for our last visit. The
Charles Crane Memorial Library, which concentrates on service to blind,
visually impaired, physically disabled and print-handicapped users. It is the
only one of its kind in North America.
The Crane Library came into being in 1968, with the donation of almost
10,000 braille volumes from the late Charles Allan Crane. Initially, the library
served as an informal reading room, but it became clear, within a year of
opening its doors, that visually impaired students attending UBC and other
educational institutions in BC and around the world, needed more to further
their studies and goals than a collection of braille books. By 1970, a textbook
recording service was put in place. Now there is a Recording Centre with nine
recording studios and enough staff and equipment to produce hundreds of
cassette copies per hour.
Crane also has a $250,000 aids and appliance collection, which has many
items designed to make print accessible. An example of one of these aids
would be VISUALTEK, a close-circuit television system which magnifies print
for the partially sighted.
Crane is not only a library and resource
centre. It also publishes texts for world-wide,
non-profit distribution and acts as a counselling centre and study/meeting place for visually impaired students.
All treks must come to an end, my good
friend. I commend your curious spirit and
hearty prairie walk. Long life to you.
Oh, and one final question from her
majesty Queen Boadicea. Where were stout
folk like you when the Romans came?
"Is it legal to raise edible snails in
Canada?" "What is the statistical
distribution of eye colour in
Canada?" "Where can a patron
find a collection of pictures of
various types of reptile eggs?"
Chronicle/Fall 1990 45 UBC   Acrostic   Puzz
by Mary D. Trainer
21       0
4          B
7       BB
"          '
12    DD
13        E
16       0
22       M
25        T
26     AA
27       A
28       S
29      R
30        X
31       W
32       M
34       Q
35        N
*°      *
41        C
43    CC
45    CC
47       D
49     AA
51     CC
52      W
53        K
54       N
56       H
59       P
60       V
62       C
63       M
64       Fl
66        S
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70      W
71        S
72        K
74    CC
___[ 75
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84        X
85       O^H
86      W
B7       B
89        P
90     AA
91        T
95       0
96       B
98      E
99       R
100     D
101      K
102     T
104  CC
105       I
107      J
108  DD
109     P
110     S
111      A
114     E
115     X
117 BB
1 ie   y
119     N
120    W
121     C
122  DD
124       L
126 AA
127     X
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130     V
133    W
134     S
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136    M
137     N
139 DD
140     G
142  CC
144     R
145     F
146       V
147     Q
149    N
152     P
153     0
154     S
155  CC
156     V
158    Ft
159    G
160     S
161   DD
163    W
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167     H
171   BB
173      d
175     Z
177      S
178    Q
180    W
1B2      F
184     K
186  AA
1B7      J
190       1
192     K
193     J
194      H
195     Q
197     O
199     N
200     M
201      B
302     P
203     G
204    W
207      L
208     U
209     F
210  CC
211      P
214     C
215      T
216    M
217     y
21B     N
219     E
221      Z
222     Q
223     A
224     0
225    W
jss    n
When properly filled in, the letters in the box form a quotation from
a UBC book. The first letter of each answered clue, reading down,
form the name of the author and the title of the book.
(Solution: Spring 1991 Issue)
Complete the puzzle, send it with your name and address to the
Alumni Office by September 30, 1990, and you may win one of six
Alumni mugs: the first three correct entries from B.C ; the first three
from outside the province.
A.    The ; 1922
student /faculty tactic: 2 wds.
B. In debt: 3 wds.
C. Place to sleep on a ship
D. Treat unfairly (slang)
E. Library section
F. Indicated agreement
G. UBC playing field: 2 wds.
H.     Nicol, UBC grad
and humourist
I.     Enlarge beyond limits
J.     Cinnamon      ;
121    214    41      62     73
182    145    83       9       39    209
113    75    203
57      6
20    176
48     198
151    140
14     194     56     167
cafeteria specialty
K.    Abated
L.    Attestation of truth
M.    Laid aside: no longer
useful: 3 wds.
N.    Grad's advice to
freshman: 3 wds.
105     11
150   101
_violet, LLB degree colour
P.    Liquid distilled from petroleum
Q.    Dr. Kenny's
former position: 3 wds.
R.    Refreshing drink might
do this: 3 wds.
S.    Well-known Greens: 3 wds.
T.    Jay about campus
U.    Large land tract set aside
for UBC: (abbrev.)
V.    Stylish; pleasing (slang)
W.   Musqueam's home near
UBC: 2 wds.
X.    Place    : UBC residence
Y.    Dangle Volkswagens
Z.    Phyllis    ;
UBC Chancellor
AA. Intoxicated
BB. Climbs walls
CC.        Shacks:
1915 UBC temporary
buildings: 2 wds.
DD. Cadmium   ; MLS
degree colour
60     156    94     37     130
225   204
52      70
23     50    217   118
221     42      65     175
26     186    49      90
125    92     68
146   164
69     165    126
7      117    171
172    45    210   155
58      12     122    161
104   142   196
51      74     43
139    108
46 Chronicle/Fall 1990 IT'S TIME TO
Dine and Dance
at   the   Great   '
Trekker      Gala   /
Honoring Pierre
Berton,     Thursday,
Sept. 27, Hotel
Root for UBC at the
Blue & Gold Classic
Football Game,
Saturday, Sept. 29,
Hit the Road in the
Arts '20 Relay Race
(11 km., 8 Runners
Per Team,)
Sunday, Sept. 30
Everyone Welcome!
Reminisce With
Friends and Explore
© UBC 1990
the Campus at Alumni
Reunions and Events.
SEPT. 27 — OCT. 3
For more information call 222-8999
I 9 1 5 -  19 9 0
The "M" stands for Management
In today's competitive arena, it takes more
than solid accounting skills to guide your
company to financial success. The ability to crunch
numbers is a bare beginning. What counts now
is the ability to interpret those numbers to
meet your planning needs. That's when accounting
becomes management. And it's why so many
front-line firms include Management Accountants
on their teams.
Certainly CMAs have a firm foundation in
accounting. But that's topped with the kind of
real-world management training that no other
discipline offers. Training that pays off in practical
plans for business growth and success. Hire a
CMA and you get a Manager with a capital "M!'
The Society of Management Accountants of British Columbia
RO. Box 11548,1575-650 West Georgia Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 4W7
Telephone: (604) 687-5891 or 1-800-663-9646 Fax (604) 687-6688


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