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UBC Alumni Chronicle Jun 30, 1966

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CBC  ALUMNI
CDnffCDDDDCBD®
Stffhmer
1966 Cool Customer
Refrigerators are this man's business —
and he plays it cool. His thorough grasp of
his own business makes him a shrewd
and knowledgeable operator. He's one of
thousands of B of M customers who own their
own businesses. He has built it on his own
initiative. He knows how to buy . . . and how
to sell. In financial matters he shows the same
sound judgment. He seldom makes an
important decision without first talking it over
with his financial adviser — the manager of
his branch of the Bank of Montreal. Expert in
his own field, he knows the value of expert
advice in the complex field of finance.
Wfiatever your business, the services of a
financial expert can help it grow. Why not talk
it over with a B of M manager soon?
Bank of Montreal
CANADA'S FIRST BANK,
Lovet6 Lxmxaa.^nojrit,tha UJoua UBC ALUMNI
CHRONICLE
Volume 20, No. 2 — Summer, 1966
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Stan Evans,  BA'41,  BEd'44, chairman
John L. Gray, BSA'39, past chairman
John Arnett
Mrs. T.  R. Boggs,  BA'29
Mrs. G. B. Dickson, BA'60
Dr. J. Katz
Himie Koshevoy, '32
Frank P. Levirs, BA'26,  MA'31
Gordon A. Thorn,  BCom'56,  MBA(Md)
Frank C. Walden,  BA'49
CONTENTS
4 The Alumnus has a communications job
6 The Unrestful campus of 1965-66
10 Are our universities dying?
12 It's selective education for the elite
14 Project Africa—B.B.C. style!
16 1976—What does it hold for us?
20-24 Annual Meeting
25 Who's afraid of the brain-drain?
28 Our readers debate chancellor election
coverage
32 News of the University
34 Alumni Association News
36 Up and doing
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association
of the University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: 252
Brock Hall, U.B.C, Vancouver 8, B.C. Authorized as second class mail by the Post Office
Department, Ottawa, and for payment of postage in cash.
The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle is sent free of
charge to alumni donating to the annual giving
programme and 3 Universities Capital Fund.
Non-donors may receive the magazine by paying a subscription of $3.00 a year.
Member American Alumni Council.
Our cover pictures tell part of the story
of the so-called 'student unrest.' Is it
new, is it different? Clive Cocking, education reporter for The Vancouver Sun,
talked to a number of people and came
up with some answers. See his article
on page 6.
Next issue: special Golden Anniversary number
EDITOR
Elizabeth B. Norcross, BA'56
BUSINESS MANAGER
Tim Hollick-Kenyon, BA'51, BSW'53
STAFF PHOTOGRAPHER
Dick Bellamy Kenneth R. Martin, BCom'46
President,
UBC Alumni Association
The Alumnus
has a
Communications
job
The traditional and logical time to re-examine the aims
and objectives of any organization comes with the introduction of a new leadership group. It seems appropriate,
therefore, as your new president, that I should devote this
space to a re-statement of our end objective with an explanation of our organization and plans to achieve it.
The end objective is simple to define, perhaps not so
simple to achieve. It is to aid in the constant improvement
of The University of British Columbia. To the extent that
such improvement can best be brought about by promoting
the cause of higher education generally, then such promotion
is our means—but where the need is strictly centered on
UBC, then here is where we must expend our greatest
effort.
Obviously, we must never forget our obligation to find
funds for our University. If those of us who have benefited
from our years at UBC do not demonstrate our concern in
the most practical way, how can we expect concern from
others?
But important as is this phase of our work—and it can
never be over-stated—it alone cannot bring about the
ultimate excellence that we seek to foster. Every segment
of our society must be encouraged to join with us in the
promotion of the constant improvement we seek. For very
often it seems that the message must be echoed by many
different voices before it gets through to those responsible
for action.
It follows that we, UBC's alumni, must continue to be
an important medium through which we communicate the
needs of our University to the public, and—equally important—communicate to our University the concern and
the attitudes of the public.
In structuring our organization to achieve these results
we must not forget that the University combines administration, faculty and students, and we must seek methods to
ensure that all components of the University have the
opportunity of being heard and of hearing. If, in the
process, we aid in the improvement of communication and
understanding within the University structure, then we
have  achieved  an  additional  benefit.
To carry out these objectives your executive will continue to promote and expand the programs that result in
increasing contact between the administration and the
public and the faculty and the public. We will seek closer
contact with the students and with faculty, both as a
method of demonstrating our interest and concern with
their problems and as a method of achieving, through
joint action, some of the improvement we all seek. We
must continue to maintain contact with our friends in the
parliaments of Canada and our province to ensure a free
flow of information about the needs of our University.
This program, well done, will be a heavy one. And it
can only be well done with the full support of our members wherever they may be. For, acting as the medium of
communication, our Association's ability to transmit can
only be as strong as the total of its membership which is
heard. □ Its Magicall!
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In Vancouver call 683-5511
If calling long distance, ask the operator
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SYSTEMS • ELECTROWRITERS • DATAPHONES • ANSWERING AND ALARM UNITS • OVER 300 OTHER COMMUNICATION AIDS FOR MODERN HOMES AND BUSINESS Student Unrest — is it real?
The Un restful Campus of 1965-66
by Clive Cocking, BA'62
(Sun Education reporter)
On march 2nd this year, in a UBC history-making
move, graduate student Randy Enomoto filed notice
of his intention to run for chancellor in opposition to fishing industry leader John M. Buchanan.
In his campaign statement Enomoto said previous chancellors had obtained their posts as a result of prestige and
social position rather than election. He said the situation
"points to the general atrophy and absence of democracy
in the university community." Enomoto said he was for
student representation in the university government.
This seemed to be the climactic manoeuvre in what is
popularly called "student unrest." Where did it all begin?
How real is it?
In September 1964 a decision by the administration of
the University of California at Berkeley—taken without
consultation with the students—to enforce regulations
technically applicable on a 29 by 39-foot strip of land at
the entrance to the campus triggered a crisis unprecedented
in that or any university's history.
Since then other university campuses all over North
America have been rocked by similar outbreaks—though
to lesser extent—and the new catchphrase 'student unrest,'
has come into being.
Now the phrase has been slapped on The University of
British Columbia. Yet the events on the Point Grey campus this past year pale somewhat in significance before
those of Berkeley in 1964. Nonetheless they aroused concern in some quarters that UBC had an incipient Berkeley
on its hands. These are the events:
October 27. Seven students forced the Alma Mater
Society student council to reverse its stand and lead a
rain-soaked march of close to 3,000 students on the Bay-
shore Inn to protest increased tuition fees before a meeting
of Canadian university presidents. The student council had
proposed that a brief urging fees be frozen and gradually
reduced be presented to the presidents. The radicals demanded a march calling for immediate elimination of fees.
Naming themselves the Ad Hoc March of Concern Committee, the seven presented the AMS council with a legal
petition calling for a referendum on the matter, which
students passed 2,988 to 1,896.
January 22. About 250 students hissed and booed President John B. Macdonald after he addressed a student-
sponsored conference on higher education. He had spoken
on student unrest and refused to answer questions follow
ing his speech, explaining that he had to leave for another
appointment.
February 8. As a result of the student requests arising out
of the January 22 uproar, Dr. Macdonald held a question
and answer period with students in the Brock. For one
hour and fifty minutes he tried to answer questions from
the 600 students present.
At one point he charged that The Ubyssey was fostering
unrest by printing distortions of the truth and outright
lies about the university administration. Students in turn
charged that the university government was not democratic
in that they were not represented on the Senate or Board
of Governors. Dr. Macdonald replied that it was not proper
for students to be involved in running the University
because it would interfere with their education.
February 9. Ubyssey editor Tom Wayman's answer was
that Macdonald's accusations were unfounded as far as he
was concerned because the 'president did not mention one
specific example." He pointed out that criticism on both
sides was justifiable, but added that Dr. Macdonald seemed
unable to take criticism.
"We kind of think we must be touching nerves when
he jumps that high," Wayman said then.
About this time student council elections were held and
a strong radical element emerged, the first election in
which this had happened. Every candidate in the running
proposed a campaign of civil disobedience if fees went up
again the next year. Campaigning on a platform of 'Screw
the System,' fourth-year arts student Gabor Mate came
within 700 votes of winning the AMS presidency. He was
protesting against the student council 'establishment' who
were more interested in making contacts for later life than
in promoting student interest. And an avowed radical
and member of the Communist party of Canada, graduate
student Charlie Boylan was elected first vice-president of the
AMS.
Next came Randall Enomoto's candidacy for the
chancellorship.
April 4. The AMS student council for the first time
endorsed candidates for Senate—two young Vancouver
lawyers and two law students, Mike Hunter and Hugh
Swayze. The council pointedly said it was making no
endorsation in the chancellor election.
At the same time, the UBC Alumni Association executive
threw their weight behind Buchanan in the chancellorship race. In the Spring Alumni Chronicle they ran a cover
picture of Buchanan and a full-page editorial supporting
him over Enomoto. They also sent out 21,441 copies of a
leaflet containing the same material to graduates not on
the Chronicle subscription list.
The move brought instant uproar from graduate and
undergraduate quarters. A graduate student, Eric Ricker,
took action to get up a petition censuring the Association
for its action.
May  4.   Five  members  of  the   younger   generation   of
alumni,  four of  them  graduates  of  the  '60's,  the  fifth, .
class of '56, filed their nomination papers for offices on the
Alumni Association executive. This forced the first Association election in many years.
And that is how the fireworks for this academic year
ended. Do these occurrences indicate growing student unrest and alienation on the Berkeley scale? Opinion on this
score differs. Most people close to the scene don't feel the
situation is serious enough to warrant the term 'unrest.'
Says Enomoto, one of the leaders of the student radicals:
"I think the term 'unrest' is misleading because, for one
thing, it suggests a rupture or immediate dislocation suddenly coming into evidence." This he regards as unlikely.
Campus conservative elements dismiss 'unrest' as something created by the mass media—on campus, The Ubyssey.
"This nonsense about unrest on the campus is just that,"
says Byron Hender, AMS past president. "There were very
vocal elements on campus this year as there have been for
years. But after Berkeley everybody has got kind of twitchy
about these things. It's greatly over-rated."
Graduating class president Keith Brimacombe points out
there is always a radical minority on campus. "In the five
years I have been here," he says, "every year there have
been groups of people proposing ideas and actions that
were radical, but I don't think the number is increasing
in greater proportion than the total number of students."
Tom Wayman, who considers himself not a radical but
sympathetic to the movement, says the phenomenon is not
unrest but an "assumption of morality."
But one thing everyone agrees on is that the events of
the past are at least indicative of the different kind of
student on campus today. "There's just a whole new breed
out here," says UBC's Anglican chaplain, Rev. Alan Jackson.
They have an ethos considerably different from the rest
of the community. They adhere to a basic philosophy that
people count, they aren't digits, and money doesn't count.
Middle class moral and economic values they find themselves increasingly alienated from. Students tend to regard
the middle class way of life—the pursuit of wealth, status
and prestige—as empty. They see society as prepared to say
one thing and do another. As a result, young people today
suspect the integrity of adults and doubt the value of all
authorities. They are questioning, re-examining everything
afresh.
"Students are no longer prepared to agree that Daddy
knows best," says Mr. Jackson. "They suspect that adults
are just structuring the world so that they (adults) are
able to maintain control and keep things safe for
themselves."
This is most true of the so-called campus 'radicals.' More
than any other group of students they are committed to
this ethos. Where they differ from the bulk of their fellow
students is that they see the potential for change in the
world and have assumed an individual responsibility to
Randy Enomoto
questions Alumni
Association election
procedures.
In October, at a mass meeting in the Armouries, students
met President Macdonald to protest the fee increase. The Unrestful Campus
work for it. And they want profound change, not just a
patch-up job. They believe, says Boylan, "that the changes
necessary in the University and society are root changes
and must go right down to the roots of society."
Who are these radicals? They are a very ill-defined,
unstructured group, numbering no more than 100 'activists.' But because they are articulate, active and intelligent,
they command an influence and following considerably
larger. An example is the 3,000 students they got to rally
around their banner for the March of Concern. They have
been the sparks for much of the action on campus during
the year.
Mainly artsmen, they are generally the brightest students on campus, numbering many honours and graduate
students in their ranks. While many have left-wing political
ties or inclinations, political groups as such appear to play
no part in their campus action. They laugh at any suggestion of communist influence. Says Enomoto: "It would
really be giving too much credit to communism to say that
they are responsible for the development of consciousness
in the student body today."
The movement, however, does run on a lot of left-wing
ideological fuel. But the radicals argue their concern is
ethical, not ideological. Ideas of whatever political stripe
are accepted or rejected on their merits.
Campus radicals generally move in the same circles,
belonging to the same organizations, such as the Ad Hoc
Committee for Student Action, the UBC Student Committee to end the War in Viet Nam, the Student Committee on Cuban Affairs, and the Academic Activities
Committee. Most spend a good deal of time at the Advance
Mattress Coffee-house at Tenth and Alma, a student cooperative effort.
Because of the diffuseness of the movement, it is almost
impossible to arrive at a commonly-accepted program of
reform. Their critical eyes range widely all over the socioeconomic, political and international landscape. You name
it, they want to reform it. At the drop of a placard they
will enlarge on the abuses and injustices inherent in
Canada's parliamentary system, the relations between English Canada and French Canada, the treatment of Indians,
the economic structure, and U.S. policy in Viet Nam.
But, as events have shown, they have been most active
this past year in university affairs. There is a simple reason:
university is the environment they know best. Their efforts
in this area, though, have not in any way diminished their
interest in achieving fundamental changes in society as a
whole.
"I think that students are more aware that if they can't
effect change in their immediate vicinity—which is the
university—then they can have very little effect anywhere
else," says Enomoto. "This is just the place to begin."
Adds Wayman: "One of the slogans in the March of
Concern was 'First the Bayshore, then the World,' which
is a joke really, but in a sense it is true."
The major issues that concerned the radicals on campus
this year were the inequality of educational opportunity
and the lack of democracy in university and student
government. In each of these areas there was a good deal of
student interest and concern, but not enough to swing the
whole campus into the radical camp. Only about one-third
of UBC's total of 16,000 students seem to care enough to
'put shoe leather to principle.' The bulk of the students
remain apathetic to these problems.
To AMS president Peter Braund this situation is quite
natural. "If you're going to see unrest it has to be on an
issue that affects 100 per cent of the students to get even 40
per cent out," he say?. This, apparently, was true of the
fee issue, but students don't yet seem that concerned over
the question of democracy in the university community.
But students are not uninterested in the problem. On the
contrary, interest is widespread though not extremely
strong except for the radicals. These latter are profoundly
dissatisfied with the way UBC is developing and their lack
of voice in how it should develop. Campus radicals see
UBC becoming simply an adjunct of the business and
industrial world—'part of the knowledge industry'—turning out graduates to fill their needs.
"I think what has happened to the University—possibly
by its over-relevance to the demands of technological
society—is that it has itself been transformed into a
corporate institution and is being run by the administration
purely  as  a  business  enterprise,"   says  Enomoto.
Active radicals argue that the University is being run by
an 'establishment' which has little or no real contact with
university life. The establishment is composed of business
and professional men who are on the Board of Governors
for fund-raising purposes and because of their social position. Decisions affecting students in the university community are made by the Board in camera, with no
consultation with students and no participation by them.
"We have no choice about the conditions under which we
live," says Enomoto. The University is growing into an inhuman bureaucracy, he claims, unresponsive to the real
needs and wishes of the university community.
The University has grown so large that contact between
students and faculty has been drastically reduced, giving
campus life a cold impersonality. With some classes having
Question session in Brock Hall last February.
8 close to 600 students, the educational give-and-take which
students desire is frustrated. Furthermore, the problem has
been compounded by many faculty members indulging in
private empire-building at the expense of teaching. Students
are asking for a voice in university government with a
view  to  changing  this  state  of  affairs.
What they don't want is a paternalistic administration;
they want democratic participation. They want to have
representatives to discuss matters with the administration
and so come to agreement on various university policies—
rather than have these imposed from above. Quoting Enomoto again: "To keep a population ignorant of the facts
that affect their living conditions is authoritarian."
While UBC students are strongly in favour of having
representation they are split on where they should be
represented. The radicals favour opening all posts—
Chancellor, Senate, Board of Governors—to student representation. Most students appear to favour representation
on the Senate, but doubt the wisdom of being on the Board.
AMS president Peter Braund is typical of the opposition
to student representation on the Board of Governors and in
the chancellorship. He says they don't have sufficient
experience  to  serve  well  in  either  position.
As Braund sees it, "In our university structure the
chancellor does acquire funds from business sources, but
if a student were chancellor this valuable asset would be
lost unless he was an extremely capable and unique
individual."
Student representation on the Senate, however, is valid,
he thinks. "The secrecy here could be reduced because of
the student, and instead of having a crisis created suddenly
because of the secrecy, the crisis could be worked out in
stages."
UBC faculty members share student discontent somewhat
when it comes to lack of representation in university
government. At present both the Senate and Board of
Governors have strong membership from outside the university community, particularly from business and the
professions. Many faculty members resent this and would
like to see it changed. Some would like to see no business
representation at all.
Dr. Walter Young, an assistant professor of political
science, is one who holds this view. To him, the University
is a community of scholars and to have heavy business
representation on the Board of Governors and no academic
representation is undemocratic.
"Why should businessmen from downtown, whose
interest in the University may be and probably is
peripheral, be elected to the Board?" he asks.
"Should the province of British Columbia be governed
by men appointed from the State of Washington—from
outside the community? It's the same thing. Why is it that
at university it is felt democracy shouldn't be allowed?"
Dr. John Norris, professor of history, said there should be
faculty representation on the Board, "not so much in order
that decisions may be influenced in their favour but in
order that the presence of two or three people of real
knowledgeability on university matters may improve the
quality of the decisions made."
The recent Duff-Berdahl report on university government in Canada recommended increased representation
for both faculty and students. Students, it said, should have
one representative on the Board of Governors, not a
student,   but   elected   by  students.   The   report   also   said
Weekend conference "Education and Beyond," held in
January, when a Berkeley professor and student as well as
Dr. Macdonald were among the speakers.
students should have one or more student representatives
on the Senate. For the faculty, it recommended they
should have at least three members on the Board but that
their representation should not exceed 25 per cent. The
Senate should be more strictly composed of faculty members except for representatives from the Board of Governors
and students.
The tide of student discontent that is sweeping North
America seems to stem basically from the fact that the
students themselves are a new generation, a generation
that has lived through conditions which have uniquely
conditioned them for the role they are now playing as
social conscience. They have seen and felt the impact of
the civil rights movement, the Kennedy administration
vigour, the Peace Corps idealism, and the Berkeley outbreak. Theirs is also a time of unprecedented affluence and
leisure. And, of course, theirs is a time of university overcrowding which has given rise to large classes and lack of
contact with top-flight educators. All of these factors have
influenced today's students, raising their expectations, or
dashing them, making them see there is need for radical
change in the world.
Where will the situation lead, will it degenerate into
another Berkeley? No one can tell at present. It would
probably have worsened had there been another tuition fee
increase this year. But, as one student said, "UBC got a
stay of execution."
UBC would be well advised to use that stay. It seems
inevitable it will have to make some sort of accommodation to give students a voice in their community—the
university community. At the same time, it will have to
demonstrate willingness to listen to students and weigh
their ideas. If not, it can only expect the gulf to widen,
their relations to further deteriorate in mutual misunderstanding, suspicion and fear. Yes, fear. It is quite obvious
that the administration fears the radicals will do irreparable harm to the university if allowed to attain their
ambitions unchecked. But these fears are groundless. The
students who come seeking change are coming, to quote
One greater than they, 'Not to destroy, but to fulfill.' They
seek only to fulfill the university's true role as a community
of scholars. □ "Ii you must innovate — try West Pakistan!"
Are Our Universities Dying?
"T share john bunyan's view that there is a way to hell
•*- even from the gates of heaven. The seeds of decay are
always present."
So says John Gardner, writing in Alma Mater, the
magazine of the American Alumni Council.
From the standpoint of renewal (he continues), the
gravest defects of the universities are certain rigidities of
internal structure and the pervasive power of vested interest. It will not escape your notice that the two are in
this case closely related.
Just as the virtues of the universities are not trivial, so
these defects are by no means trifling. On the contrary, if
we paid as much attention to the diseases of which institutions die as we do to those of which people die, these would
be regarded as two of the deadliest. Even at their most
virulent they will not produce an immediate decline in the
The author of this article, John H. Gardner, is Secretary of
Health, Education and Welfare for the United States. He
was appointed to this post by President Johnson last July.
Prior to this he was president of the Carnegie Corporation
of New York and the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. The article is reprinted with the kind
permission of Alma Mater magazine.
10
universities. That just isn't in the cards. But if they tighten
their grip historians of the year 2063 may record that at
some time in the last half of the twentieth century the
universities came to the end of their period of greatness,
and began to live—very prosperously, to be sure—on their
reputation, becoming complacently busy bureaucracies for
the processing of the young.
Rules for the renewal of society may stand almost without alteration as rules for renewal of organizations within
the society. So let us look at the universities and ask
ourselves whether they are fitted to accomplish the kind of
self-renewal the future demands. You could answer the
question far better than I. But let me offer at least some
tentative answers.
The first rule is that the ever-renewing society will
respect the individual. No one can doubt that the universi- ties pass muster on this point. They do respect the
individual. They do care about individuality. My only
question is whether some of our larger universities have
thought as deeply as they should about how the individual
student may be spared the sensation of being an anonymous
grain of sand.
The second rule is that the society capable of renewal
will develop the full potentialities of its members. On this
point, one would expect the universities to have a good
record, and they do. They care about the development of
talent both in their students and in their faculty. It is one
of their towering virtues.
The third rule is that the ever-renewing society will
treasure its pluralism; and that pluralism will provide
elbow-room for critics and dissenters. I don't think any of
you would argue that the universities have a shortage in
this department.
The fourth rule is that the society designed for renewal
will develop organizational forms that permit renewal. If
we ask whether the universities are providing for their own
continuous renewal the answer must be "Yes and no." The
continuous flow of students contributes to the renewal of
these institutions. And today faculty members move on
almost as rapidly as do students. Such faculty mobility
may be excessive today—but too much of it is better than
too little of it. It does help to keep institutions young,
though it may make presidents old before their time.
The extremely rapid expansion of the universities has
also contributed to their renewal. On the negative side, one
must mention the extraordinary rigidity of the departmental
structure, and the deep-seated aversion of many faculty
members to extensive innovations within the institution.
Most faculty members are enthusiastic proponents of innovation in the abstract; but the slogan carved over the
mantelpiece at the faculty club reads "Innovate Away
From Home." If you must innovate, try West Pakistan!
The fifth rule is that the ever-renewing society must
combat the rigidifying that stems from excessive attention
to precedent, and the imprisonment of men by their procedures. In my judgment, the universities are neither better
nor worse than other institutions in our society on this
score. They do not fall into meaningless traditions and
routines any more frequently or less frequently than do
others.
The sixth rule is that a society must have some means of
cutting through the encircling web of vested interests that
chokes off new growth in every field of endeavour. I am
sorry to say that I believe the universities do have very
serious difficulties on this score. Almost any proposal for
major innovations in the universities today runs head-on
into the opposition of powerful vested interests. And the
problem is compounded by the fact that all of us who have
grown up in the academic world are skilled in identifying
our vested interests with the Good, the True, and the
Beautiful, so that an attack on them is by definition
subversive.
The seventh rule is that a vital society is made up of
highly motivated individuals. On this score the universities
are in excellent shape. Academic people are far more
highly motivated than the ordinary citizen.
The final rule is that the ever-renewing society will have
a measure of consensus as to the things that it values.
Here again the academic world stands high. Even allowing
for the pluralism and dissent that are such a vital part of
the academic environment, it is a world that does hold
certain values in common and is willing to act in the
service of those values.
Summing up, I would say that in matters pertaining to
renewal, the universities have a number of outstanding
virtues and one or two grave faults. Their strengths are
high motivation, a shared commitment to certain values, a
profound concern for the development of talent, and a
healthy pluralism. These strengths are not just valuable;
they are priceless. I've had personal experience with business corporations, government agencies, military services,
and most of the other varied institutions of our society—
and I can tell you that these strengths are rare. The
extraordinary vigor and dynamism of the universities is
surely due in large part to these attributes.
If I have been critical at points it is because I think the
universities are sufficiently important to our future to
deserve the most honest appraisals we can make of them.
If they cannot renew themselves, the society cannot renew
itself. Those of you in education are in a better position
than anyone in the world to judge whether they are
capable of renewal, and I have no doubt that your judgment would be in the affirmative. It won't always be easy,
but nothing that is worth doing ever is. □
1 1 It's Selective Education for the Elite
by Colin H. Smith, BEd'58, MA'60,
and Gloria M. Smith, BA'49, BEd'58
Little jessie has come to register at
one of Sarawak's new secondary
schools. Escorted by her father she has
walked ten miles through dense jungle
to this high point in their lives. Jessie
has qualified by virtue of being in the
top 30% of primary school leavers and
so she will get her tuition and books
free and will be boarded for $3 a
month. Her father is completely illiterate yet one can easily read on his
face his delight that his clever young
daughter has done so well.
That is the Sarawak story. In Nigeria capable and promising students
like Jessie would stand little chance of
being admitted to a government secondary school. Here it costs at least sixty
pounds a year to attend a residential
secondary school, more than the annual earnings of the average Nigerian
adult. Consequently the schools are
overflowing with the sons of recent
politicians and the well-connected.
Perhaps this was one cause of the
overthrow of the Nigerian government
last January.
Why do we choose these two countries for comparison? Simply because
the two of us worked in secondary
education in Sarawak for approximately three years before being recruited in August 1964 by the Special
Commonwealth Africa Aid Program as
teaching advisers to go to Nigeria.
We were both in Graduate Studies
at UBC in 1960. Late that year we
were invited by the External Aid Office
to go to Borneo to run a government
secondary school. At that time Sarawak, with a population of 800,000 had
three such institutions.
Our first assignment was to Kano-
wit, a small jungle town ninety miles
up the Rejang River in the south-
centre of Sarawak, at that time a
British colony. After one year we were
asked to take over a new experimental
secondary school that was being built.
It was located at Bau, a small gold-
mining town about ten miles from the
Indonesian border, in the extreme west
of Sarawak. Its position during the
period was critical because of Sukarno's policy of confrontation. All of us
at Bau were on two hours' notice to
evacuate the place if the Indonesians
broke through.
During these years the government
embarked on a large-scale building
program of secondary schools. There
must be almost twenty of them now.
Land Dyak students, Bau Government
Secondary School, Sarawak, Malaysia.
They called in a top-flight curriculum
team from New Zealand to devise a
curriculum for the junior secondary
schools, and ours were the experimental schools used to try out the new
syllabuses. Gloria, a fulltime teaching-
adviser of English and music, was
asked to prepare the music syllabus,
and later, to give the syllabus greater
support, she was asked to prepare three
song books entitled 'Malaysia Sings.'
This, of course, was after the British
Government had presented Sarawak to
Malaysia as one of its new states, in
October, 1963. Colin continued as
principal of the experimental schools
and taught some English and the
history of south-east Asia.
In Africa Gloria has continued to be
a teaching-adviser of English at Edo
Government College   in   Benin   City
while Colin is at the Ministry of
Education as Adult Education Adviser
to mid-western Nigeria, with its population of 2,600,000.
Colin's job is to establish General
Certificate of Education courses for
adults who were unable, for whatever
reason, to continue their high school
studies and who now wish to continue
studying for academic credits. One
happy event in all this has been the
fact that the Canadian Government
has offered to provide a two million
dollar technical-comprehensive high
school for 840 students on a co-educational basis. In that school adults will
be able to take evening academic
classes as well as technical, commercial
and home economics courses.
In both Sarawak and mid-western
Nigeria the word is selective education
for an elite, in striking contrast to
British Columbia's free secondary
education for all. The difference is due
to a severe shortage of teachers, of
buildings and of funds. The training
for leadership and the identification
of an educated elite fit nicely into the
pattern established by colonial Britain.
The manner of selecting the elite, as
we have pointed out, is vitally different in the two countries.
While British Columbia provides
'comprehensive' education which allows her students to branch out freely
to university, commercial or technical
careers, in Sarawak and Nigeria secondary education leads almost exclusively to academic goals, and yet
technical and vocational skills are the
very ones most needed in those countries. With no training given in those
areas the students define an educated
person as one who sits behind a big
desk and name plate, wears a white
shirt, and scorns to soil his hands with
any form of manual labour.
Some attempt is being made to combat this attitude through routine work
duties in the residential schools, and
12 Senior students of Edo Government College, Benin City.
residential schools predominate in
these countries where the traditional
patterns of family life do not permit
satisfactory home study conditions and
where many students, indeed, come
from remote areas where no schools
exist.
In the boarding schools morale is
generally very high. Students receive
training in responsibility and leadership and they learn about community
living. Their teachers live on the compound and supervise work groups in
the fields, study halls, kitchens,
dining-rooms and workshops, besides
sponsoring sports and hikes.
A typical Sarawak or Nigerian
boarding school would have its fish
pond, chicken coops, pineapple fields,
gardens, all requiring a great deal of
attention. In looking after them the
students acquire a sense of belonging
that is delightful to behold. Their zest
in play and work is seen in their enthusiasm for playing the piano or
studying seriously. They also have
their frustrations, as when Bujang's
white shirt turned blue because he put
too much blueing into his laundry
tub. But just imagine a Grade 7
Canadian boy doing his own washing,
starching, and ironing!
Students must take the responsibility for cleaning classrooms, scrubbing
dining tables, washing dishes, hanging
mosquito nets in the dormitories. In at
least one Sarawak school it is considered an honour to work with the
school cooks.
With many Nigerian students, coming from affluent homes where servants are cheap and the young patricians have learned to look down on
manual labour, it is perhaps not surprising that Bornean students are
much more willing to participate in
compound duties than their Nigerian
counterparts.
A heterogeneous teaching staff is
good for both teachers and students
alike. Varied international cultural advantages accrue. Attitudes, insights
and appreciations tending towards a
wider and more mature sense of 'community' are possible.
The concept of a United Nations type
school is gaining wide popularity in
developing countries. We have found
that students in both Sarawak and the
mid-western region of Nigeria can
quite readily adapt to the differing
accents of English Voluntary Service
Overseas, Canadians, American Peace
Corps, Indians, Australians, Frenchmen, New Zealanders, Nigerians, Malays, Chinese and Dyaks. By contrast
it is disappointing to find that Canadian students often complain when
confronted by but one 'strange' accent
among their teachers.
Canadians are not merely 'givers'
when they serve abroad; they are also
'receivers' in the new insights which
they gain into the international stature
and potential of their own country.
How many Canadians are aware of
the great international advantage of
our being a bilingual country? Because
of that fact we are able to send
French-speaking teaching advisers to
work in former French colonies such
as the Congo, Chad and Cambodia, as
well as English-speaking advisers to
countries such as Montserrat, Rhodesia and Sabah. Few other countries
can do this.
Furthermore, Canada has a rich
store of human resources among her
other ethnic groups. For example, a
Canadian teaching adviser of African
origin is currently serving in Ghana
under the External Aid Program, and
a young Canadian woman graduate of
Chinese origin is teaching in Sarawak
under the Canadian University Services Overseas volunteer scheme, and
there are Canadians of many other
ethnic origins presently serving abroad
as teachers under these plans.
Despite frustrations, service abroad
is an enriching experience, ever expanding one's understanding of the
community of man. And all the little
Jessies, like the one with whom we
opened this story, are a part of our
reward □
13 Gwelo College, Rhodesia, where African and Canadian
teachers studied  together for three weeks  last summer.
Project Africa — B.B.C. Style
by W. J. Roper, BA'32, MA''41
TREACHER    HELPING    TEACHER'    IS    the
*• best way of summing up the Canadian teachers' Project Africa, 1965.
Last summer was the third in which
teachers, under the sponsorship of the
Canadian Teachers' Federation and
various provincial teachers' organizations, were sent to Africa to give a
helping hand to their African counterparts.
More formally stated, the aims of
the Project were three-fold: to develop
inter-personal relationships with African teachers; to help strengthen teachers' organizations in African countries; to teach our subject specialties,
with the object of demonstrating new
teaching methods.
In late July, 1965, the six of us who
were sponsored by the British Columbia Teachers' Federation and the nineteen other Canadian teachers who had
accepted assignments met in Ottawa
for a two and a half day orientation
course. We were then split up into
three groups, one bound for Kenya,
one for Uganda, and the third, my
group, for Rhodesia.
The important thing about this
Project is that each of us had an African colleague or colleagues with whom
we worked and shared our knowledge.
Just as important for the Africans,
perhaps, is that they felt they were
treated as human beings—an attitude
they do not always encounter.
Rhodesia's up-to-date Salisbury,
with its high rise office buildings and
wide streets, gave us a few more days
of orientation. Under the sponsorship
of the Ministry of African Education
we visited many types of schools for
Africans, schools which ranged from
the most primitive with dirt floors and
mud walls to those with quite adequate physical plants.
We also had a little time for sightseeing in the vicinity before going on
to Gwelo, something over 100 miles
from Salisbury, where the seven of us
were to give a three-week course at
the Gwelo Teacher Training College.
This very modern complex where we
were housed and fed was built mainly
with American aid. It was good to
meet there Mr. and Mrs. Stan Murphy
of Saanich (BA'40, BEd'49, and BA'48)
and their family. Stan is on staff as a
college professor under the sponsorship of the Department of External
Affairs, Ottawa.
The    regular    Education    students
were on vacation and the premises
were all ours.
One hundred and twenty-five African teachers came to the college for
our course, which gave us the warm
feeling that through them we were
probably aiding many hundreds, perhaps thousands, of African youngsters
to cope with the modern world.
The African teachers were divided
into three groups—headmasters; P.T.-
H.'s (equivalent to our Grade X education plus two years of teacher training) ; and P.T.L.'s, who have had the
equivalent of our Grade VIII plus two
years of teacher training.
Along with three African counterparts I taught my subject specialties of
history and geography. Here I learned
something. Perhaps you have thought,
as I did, that 'B.B.C stands for British
Broadcasting Corporation? Not so, one
of my African teachers corrected me,
it stands for Beautiful British Columbia!—Naturally, while teaching a fair
amount about the geography of Canada, I had not neglected B.C.
Others in our Canadian group
taught science, mathematics and English, always with African colleagues.
Each Canadian worked out for him-
14 self what he believed would be most
helpful to the Africans. The Science
man, for instance, feeling that his
African counterparts did not go out
into the field enough, arranged a number of field trips for his classes where
they could study flora and fauna and
geology 'on the ground.'
I myself used some picture sets on
Africa that were at the college, Jackdaw sets (which reproduce actual
documents of the period under study),
and film strips with accompanying
booklets that I obtained from Salisbury. For want of projectors not all
African schools would be able to make
use of the film strips.
Our African teacher students formed
demonstration classes for us, and our
African colleagues taught some of the
lessons. My three taught one or two
periods to my four, as I felt I must
give full value for the short time I
was in the country.
While I presented the lesson material that I would give secondary school
students, naturally I spoke as to adults.
The presentation varied from class to
class. I spoke on one level to headmasters, on another to the P.T.L.'s.
-vV-'
W. J. Roper
The language of instruction was no
problem. We used English, speaking a
little slowly as we had been advised,
and the Africans seemed to find no
difficulty.
Our working day started at 8:00 a.m.
and ended at 4:00 p.m. with an hour
and a half break at midday. In the
evenings we showed films on Canada,
on skiing and ice hockey, and on one
memorable occasion the Africans arranged a social occasion for us. They
sang  in  their beautiful natural  style
the songs of their own people interspersed with Negro spirituals—and
then we all did the twist!
I have been asked if I think this
assignment in Africa was a useful
educational experience for the Canadians, and my answer to that is,
Definitely. If nothing else we learned
that if we think we have problems, our
African counterparts have problems
that are staggering. I remember one
untrained young teacher in an elementary school. She couldn't take the
necessary time out for teacher training, to get qualified and improve her
financial position because she was
bringing up some ten younger brothers
and sisters.
Canada has reached out in a very
worthwhile way, I feel, to Africa, but
I feel also that our teaching time was
not long enough. Probably our trip to
Rhodesia was a pilot project and the
'powers' will find ways of extending
the course. □
The Learners
are the Living
Life is learning. A man who stops
learning just doesn't know that he is
dead. Perhaps the truest essence of
community is learning together. Is not
the democratic vision that of people
locked in dialogue about the good of
the community and the methods of
achieving it? The education that prepares for such a life in such a community is liberal education at its finest.
It supplies the intellectual techniques
and framework necessary to a life of
learning and to a life of dialogue. It
will free man from the chains of class,
race, time, place, background, family
and perhaps even his nation.
As we approach a world where leisure is more and more going to be the
result of our affluence and our automation, the big question seems to be,
"What can we do with ourselves?"
One tremendous answer is this, WE
CAN LEARN.
—Dr. Mark L. Koehler, in Campanile
Call.
The Humanities
are the Key
Les humanites ont un pouvoir d'in-
teriorisation incontestable, et c'est par
elles que notre nature, si profondement
menacee dans son equilibre, va retrou-
ver ses formes elementaires et essentiel-
les. II ne s'agit pas bien sflr, de re-
tourner a la melancolique "nature" de
Jean-Jacques Rousseau; ce serait donner
dans un romantisme desuet. II s'agit
plutot de n'etre pas perdu dans la nou-
velle beaute des structures de beton et
d'acier. Et c'est encore par Platon,
Dante, ou Racine . . . qu'on a la meil-
leure chance de se retrouver chez soi,
dans un monde ou on ne sera plus
etranger a ce qu'on aura construit.
—Jean-Marc Chenier in
"Bulletin des Anciens."
Study of Man
is the Essential
. . . Should it happen that because of
immediate and pressing concerns within the university, when our thoughts
are preoccupied by considerations such
as the number of students, need for
more space, need for more professors,
should it happen that for all these
practical reasons we were to neglect
culture, the pursuit of culture for its
own sake, we would lose our very
reason for existing; with our downfall,
humanity as a whole would be on the
decline.
If in fact nothing is more practical
than principles, in the same line, disinterested studies, asserting the value
of man in nature, scrutinizing every
detail of his evolution, looking upon
man, with his history and his spiritual
nature as an object of science, such
studies bring us back to the essential
and assert in their own way, but
eloquently, that anything unrelated to
man is not worthy of man's consideration. Man exists for himself and for
his God; to aim in another direction is
to destroy man.
—Mgr. Irenee Lussiere, Rector, University of Montreal.
15 n 1
FORCES ft IDEAS. .
^
ih
shaping our future
1976 ...
Ten years hence what can we expect in British Columbia? That was the question asked at the Alumni
Conference held in early March this year, and the speakers
who were brought to the affair attempted to supply some
answers, or at the least some educated guesses.
Dr. Joseph L. Fisher, president of Resources for the
Future, Inc., Washington, D.C, Mr. Ronald S. Ritchie,
Director, Imperial Oil, and Dr. Hugh L. Keenleyside,
co-chairman, B.C. Hydro Authority, were the three main
speakers. What they had to say, and the proceedings of
the Conference generally, were of such importance that
the material the Chronicle cannot cover in this issue it
hopes to bring its readers in a subsequent issue.
In the pages immediately following there is a condensation of Dr. Keenleyside's address, of the panel discussion,
and of Dr. Fisher's recapitulation of the discussions that
took place in the various groups that had been set up.
"B.C. '76" was organized jointly by the Alumni Association and the Extension Department of the University.
Mr. Ken Martin, chairman of the Conference, explained
its objectives thusly:
"The alumni of the University decided that they had a
responsibility in the field of continuing education, and in
defining what that responsibility was, they came up with
the objective of attempting something that had not been
done before. Our committee decided that we could do
nothing better, not for the alumni alone but for the
community at large, than spend a little time looking ahead.
The final result of our thinking is this Conference which
will study the forces and ideas shaping our future, in
particular what we may expect ten years hence."
Dr. Fisher laid the groundwork by discussing 'The Propellants of Economic Growth' at the opening session on
Friday evening. Mr. Ritchie, whose paper does not appear
in this issue, and Dr. Keenleyside gave major addresses
the next day.
Summing up his speech Dr. Fisher said: "Literally all
countries of the world, certainly Canada and the United
States, have established economic growth as one of the
abiding objectives of national development. Very likely we
make too much of it, and the less developed countries
may be following along in the same mistaken pathway.
But the fact remains, economic growth is the altar at
which we worship.
"The meaning of economic growth and how it is
measured, is worth pondering since nations, rightly or
wrongly, are measuring their performance accordingly. I
came to the conclusion that, for all its limitations, the
simplest single measure of economic growth is gross
national product or national income expressed in per
capita terms. Then I moved on to identifying some nine
propellants of economic  growth  that  I  regard  as major
ones. These included education, technological advances,
the scale of production and size of markets, the amount of
work put into the economy, the capital and natural
resources made available, the vigor of enterprise and
management, the broad policies relating to economic
development, and finally the general climate of thinking
and aspiration within which it takes place.
"In Resources for the Future we have tried to look
ahead a number of decades to see where the U.S. economic machine might be carrying the American nation. The
Gordon Commission and others have undertaken a similar
task for Canada. For our two countries, given our traditions and anticipating favourable policies, I see a continuation of fairly rapid economic growth extending to the end
of this century and beyond.
'-$$ ^
Dr. J. L. Fisher
Dr. H. L. Keenleyside
"The natural resources are available, education is improving all the time, technological advance continues
rapidly, the labour force is growing in size and in skill,
investments should prove adequate, and government and
private leaders in the economic sphere should be up to the
job—in short, the outlook is encouraging.
"This does not mean that there will be no problems; at
times they will be sharp and difficult. But I do believe it is
more reasonable to assume we shall be able to meet them
at rising levels of effectiveness than that we shall collapse
in front of them. A major war might come, of course, and
in this case all bets would be off. Also continued prosperity and growth of our two wealthy countries in a world
which largely lives in poverty poses its own set of difficulties. But notwithstanding, I end on an optimistic note
which I think will not be out of tune with thinking on
British Columbia." □
16 . ♦. what does it hold for us?
T)r. Keenleyside saysx
Human knowledge has increased more in the last two
hundred years than it did in five thousand years before the
middle of the eighteenth century.
The beliefs and ideas of people like John Wesley or
General Wolfe or even Thomas Jefferson had more in
common with those of the Pharoahs or the early Chinese
than with those contemporary figures like Wilder Penfield
or Alfred Einstein or Mao Tse Tung.
The dramatic fact today is that not only are changes in
our knowledge and our way of life taking place with
unexampled speed, but the rate of change is also accelerating. Each decade we learn more than in the preceding
century.
If it's true that changes are taking place in our society
with steadily increasing rapidity, there's no reason to
believe that this will stop. In consequence any person or
any organization that wishes to meet the problems of the
next decade should be giving most careful consideration to
the probable character of these changes.
I suggest that within the next ten years the following
are some of the changes likely to take place in the world
and in Canada, and in British Columbia.
The world population will more than double. That of
Canada will rise to over twenty-five million and that of
British Columbia will rise from 1.8 million to nearly three.
Life expectancy will rise to 75 for men and 80 for women.
There will be an astronomical station on the moon, and
scientists will be sending cameras and other equipment
close to planets like Mars and Venus for detailed
observations.
Because our society will be marked by affluence and
leisure without adequate education, and having in mind
our recent experience, it is not improbable that the British
Columbia divorce rate will rise by 50%, alcoholism will
double, and suicides will treble.
The physical and potentative changes which will take
place cannot supersede the necessity of value judgments.
Nor do they take into account the most serious problems
that humanity has created and has so far shown few signs
of being able to solve.
Economic problems can be localized much more readily
than problems of social welfare. Our forest products industry for example, is a relatively specialized problem. On
the other hand, juvenile delinquency in British Columbia
is roughly the same as juvenile delinquency in New York
or in London. Our hydro-electric prospects in B.C. are
different from those in most other parts of the world, but
the social effects of living in a war-oriented society are
roughly the same in B.C. as in France or Japan.
Perhaps the most obvious problem that mankind must
face in the years immediately ahead is that of survival
itself. The material, scientific, physical changes in the past
two centuries have not been accompanied by any comparable advance in ethical standards or community morality. Today we place the appalling knowledge of how all
life can be exterminated in the hands of a society which is
still in large part morally delinquent. Any objective study
of human history makes it very difficult indeed to believe
that having this power we shall refrain from its use. Every
human precedent seems to point in the opposite direction.
It's not surprising that a small boy when recently asked
what he wanted to be when he grew up, answered, "Alive!"
However, for planning purposes we must act on the
assumption that we will survive the danger in which we,
as a race, have placed ourselves. Indeed, the second great
problem confronting us is the very antithesis of the first—
that humanity's numbers will expand beyond the resources
both of physical essentials and of social intelligence.
The effects of the population problem are going to be a
matter of increasing concern even to us in British Columbia. What happens in other parts of the world will have
a direct bearing on the kind of life that we shall live in this
province.
Related to the problem of numbers is the problem of
worker occupation. The progress of the machine has now
reached the point at which 4,000 people are being superseded by automation every day in the United States. This
will increase rapidly in the next ten years. Soon, in the
expanding economy of British Columbia the work week
will be reduced in spite of the pressure to get many things
done at the same time.
There will be a steadily decreasing need for unskilled
workers. The only fields in which demands will expand
will be in the highly skilled activities, including the professions, and in the service industries and trades.
The social results of these changes will be an enormous
increase in the amount of leisure that most people will
experience, and our major social problems will be associated with its use.
Now if these forecasts and this interpretation of how
human society will fare in the next decade are basically
correct, it seems to me that there are three broad but
practical questions even for us favourably situated British
Columbians. First, what can be done to reduce the possibility of annihilating war? Second, what can be done to
reduce the threat and the evil effects of over-population?
Third, what can be done to encourage socially beneficial
rather than socially detrimental use of the enormous increase in the amount of leisure that will be commonly
available.
As regards war, it is obvious that some kind of worldwide international authority must be created. In the mean-
17 \	
FORCES & IDEAS.
V*
shaping aur future
time it seems to me that we should do all we can to
strengthen the United Nations and promote the educational
work being done by the world federalists in similar
organizations. An essential part of any progress toward the
establishment of an effective world society would be a vast
increase in the programs designed to make the material
blessings presently available to one-quarter of the world
available to the three-quarters who are now submerged in
poverty, ignorance and disease.
Here is a form of what H. G. Wells once described as the
race between education and catastrophy. In the problem
of population, unless some unknown and improbable
checks on population growth should intervene, we shall be
faced in the lifetime of persons now living either with the
necessity of deciding to persuade or force billions of people
to practise some effective method of birth control, or with
the selection of some technique of getting rid of the
enormous numbers of people who have been allowed to be
born into a world which cannot support them. It's a simple
choice between birth control and genocide.
Even here in Canada, which in this matter is for the
moment one of the most fortunate lands, there'll be many
complex problems to face, most of them with a direct
bearing on conditions in British Columbia. Are we going
to open our doors to immigration from Oriental countries
into Canada, and specifically British Columbia? How shall
we meet the vast array of social difficulties that accompany
over-crowding in our cities? What policy should we follow
in relation to the conservation and rational use of our
basic resources, above all, perhaps, of water?
However, this is only one of a dozen vital problems
resulting from the growth of human numbers. Here in
Vancouver our spawning growth is destroying one of the
most beautiful valleys in the world. Vancouver may well
become the largest city on the Pacific coast except, no
doubt, for that other known as the city of the angels. But
only the mountain tops and the sea will retain their beauty.
Most of Stanley Park will be a black-topped parking lot.
Perhaps when that time comes we may recall the warning
of Ogden Nash:
/ think that I shall never see
A billboard lovely as a tree.
In fact, unless the billboards fall,
I'll never see a tree at all.
Closely related to the growth of population is the problem of how men and women, particularly young men and
women, many of whom may never have had a job (and
there is already a third generation of people in this condition in some parts of North America)—how these people
will adapt to a life in which the use of most of their time
will depend on their own inclinations.
Formal education will probably be prolonged and
deepened, but this will not solve our problems, except in
part. Many of our present generation cannot take full
advantage of the limited training already provided, and
could not be expected to derive benefits from formal
instruction in a curriculum designed to increase knowledge of the growing complexities of human society. The
percentage of young people in this category is increasing
and will probably increase more rapidly still in the future.
Typically it is the improvident, the irresponsible and the
intellectually limited in our society who produce the largest
families. This tends to be a cumulative factor and its
importance can hardly be over-emphasized.
These are the kind of problems that must be faced by us
as individuals and by our society as a whole during the next
generation. As the complexity of life develops, as the
frequency and intimacy of human contacts increase, the
importance of defining moral law and interpreting its implications for personal and community relationships becomes
more and more important and more and more difficult.
Ours is a great and dynamic country. Its history, when
properly written, is a saga of high achievement and of
exciting men and women. It has pioneered in many fields
and has compiled a record of resource development and of
social responsibility which, without hiding its many faults,
is a story of which we can be proud. If any other country
has accomplished more in a comparable time, it has never
come to my attention.
Those of us who have the satisfactions and the advantages and the privileges of living in this beautiful, affluent,
and on the whole generous, land, carry a great responsibility for trying to ensure that it is also a land in which
justice and kindness and virtue become the common
practice. □
Dr. Keenleyside
is challenged
John Carson: I would like to ask Dr. Keenleyside if he
wants to do some speculating, or advising, on what if anything, Canada should be doing in speeding up the redistribution of sharing of resources between ourselves, the one-
quarter of the world that he described as being 'haves,'
and the three-quarters that he described as 'have nots.'
Keenleyside: Mr. Chairman, I think the aid problem ought
to be divided into two aspects. First, the kind of thing that
we were criticized for the other day-—i.e. not giving enough
in the way of emergency assistance in food. This is a
temporary palliative that is necessary in some places today,
is probably going to be very much more necessary in the
next ten years. I think it is altogether probable that there
will be a very widespread condition of famine in many
parts of the world by the early '70's. The population
growth related to the slower growth of food production is
not likely to be overcome in that time. Now here I think
we have been remiss. I don't think we have been giving as
much as we might well have done and as much as has
been done proportionately in some other countries, including the United States, in the matter of emergency food
relief.
18 There is a great deal that has to be done in the underdeveloped countries themselves. This seems to me to be
one of the cases in which we have yet to work out a
technique which would combine a policy of enlightened
self-interest on the part of the well-to-do countries with a
much more determined effort and willingness to sacrifice
by the rulers of the underdeveloped countries.
Carson: Leaving aside the question of the responsibility of
the people in the developing nations, I am wondering
whether Dr. Keenleyside feels it would perhaps be good
for Canada's soul, and British Columbia's in particular, to
be making much greater sacrifices.
Keenleyside: I think we should be making greater sacrifices
in the immediate short term assistance. I think that we
should be working through the United Nations, and
through our government in an effort to develop a more
effective technique for international aid in general. Mere
increase in the amount of money that we contribute
through the Colombo Plan or in some similar way is not,
by itself, going to solve it.
Carson: It seems to me that there is no advantage in improving our administrative abilities or in carrying out
development programs in the economic field for their own
sakes. The only valid objective in doing these things is that
they will give us the opportunity to improve the general
welfare of society.
and Dr. Fisher
sums it all up
rr^HE discussion groups this afternoon which I have
-■- sampled for ten minutes or so each have covered a
very wide range of topics and viewpoints. I really don't see
how I can integrate these things and so I shall content
myself with making some comments about them.
I was quite interested in joining the group that talked
about industrial and resource development. Here is a
subject of considerable importance that merits further
debate, because, you know, it makes a difference to
technical and vocational education and many other things,
what kind of jobs and what kind of industrial operations
you expect to grow relatively fast in British Columbia.
The discussion that Dr. Keenleyside opened up this
morning about technological unemployment and its effects
and the problems of coping with it, I found to be continued
in a number of groups. I think the predominant view was that
technological unemployment—that is, automation—and
new machines and new techniques of production coming
in and displacing workers, was likely to produce only
temporary unemployment.
One man from industry said in one of the groups that
the young man or woman coming out of the schools now
into the labour market could look forward to a lifetime of
about five different jobs or careers. Now, if it is going to be
anything like this, then continuous education and retraining every few years has got to become the accepted pattern
of adult living. And here it seems to me is a truly major
challenge for education in this university and in the others.
Another theme developed by Dr. Keenleyside was continued in the different group discussions. That had to do
with population trends. Here the interest seemed to be not
so much the growth of population in British Columbia,
but a concern for population growth all over the world.
This has at least two edges: if population grows rapidly
elsewhere and incomes even more rapidly, then this is an
inviting market for British Columbia industries. On the
other hand, if population grows very rapidly elsewhere and
incomes barely keep pace, or perhaps don't even keep pace,
then it is altogether likely that the problems in distant
places like India and Central America and African countries will become so acute, so much world problems, that
they will become the problems of this province and of all
the other more fortunate places.
In the Planning for Society group there was deep discussion of the connection or lack of connection between
physical planning and social planning. There is—certainly
in my own metropolitan area—far too little connection
between the planning of social welfare programs and the
physical planning, zoning and the location of structures
and all the rest of it.
All through there has been a clear recognition, I would
say almost unanimous recognition that British Columbia
is not an island unto itself but a part of Canada, a part of
this continent, and a part of the world. Now, whether the
recognition of this fact that I find in the Conference gets
translated into the programs of action of the business community and labour unions and communities throughout the
province, I don't know. But I can certainly echo back to
you that the people in this Conference without a doubt
look upon their province in these wider connections.
I would offer this in conclusion: you are dealing with
the prospective for B.C. in 1976. This I think can be
visualized under four or five headings.
First, the objectives that you have for your province
and for your communities ten years ahead. These, I
believe, run in terms of growth, of population, industry,
jobs, transport. The only way to get bigger is to grow—
not growth alone but qualitative improvement, in all
areas.
Second, these objectives have to be set out and worked
towards in a particular framework that is congenial to you,
that comes out of your history. A part of the framework
which is of increasing importance, I would judge, is a
visualization of this province as a part of Canada, as a
part of the west coast, as a part of the North American
continent, and indeed, the world.
Third, plans and programs, the mechanisms by which
the more specific objectives are to be reached. Like the
Americans to the South, you tend to be pragmatic about
this.
Next, accomplishment. Objectives are fine, plans and
programs can be nicely developed, but all to no account
unless they can be driven through to completion. Here,
of course, leadership is of the essence. If I had to pick out
one thing that I think would be important here, it would
be the element of leadership. I wish the universities,
certainly in my country, would deliberately educate people
more than they do for taking the leadership in business,
in local government; leadership which means being willing
to put it on the line, so to speak, to get something done.
I am sure the value of a seminar like this lies more in
the mental workout than it does in the tangible accomplishments that are made, in the grappling with issues and
considering the trends and the objectives. □
(More of Dr. Fisher's remarks will be carried when Mr.
Ritchie's address is published in a later Chronicle.—Ed.)
19 p
(D
#
w
E
E
C
L
T
E-B-^A
E
Mrs. A. M. Menzies, BA'16, cuts the birthday cake. Dr.
H. T. Logan, LLD'65, and Keith Brimacombe, BASc, 19S6
Grad Class president, assisted.
20 It was a lively Annual Meeting!
Counting the votes cast in the first Association election in many years.
One of the liveliest, and best-
attended, annual meetings of the
Alumni Association was held on May
11 last. The record attendance of over
800 persons at the dinner could probably be credited to the guest speaker,
Dr. Laurier LaPierre of 'This hour has
seven days' fame. The liveliness was
most certainly provided by a group of
younger graduates who had entered
the names of several contestants for
the elective offices of the Association,
in opposition to the slate brought in
by the Board of Management Nominating Committee.
Eduard M. Lavalle, BCom'65, Sonja
Sanguinetti, BA'64, Bryan Belfont, BA
'63, Peter K. Nimi, BSP'56, and Eric
Ricker, BA'61, had accepted nomina
tion in opposition to the slate of the
Board's nominating committee for the
three vice-presidencies and two members-at-large offices. However, before
the Annual Meeting convened, Mr.
Ricker had withdrawn his candidacy.
When the election proceedings began Mr. Belfont and Chancellor-candidate Randy Enomoto rose to question their legality on the grounds that
only 2-3% of the qualified voters were
present, that the candidates had not
been notified in writing of the date of
the election, that the ballot boxes were
not locked, that no measures had been
taken to check the qualifications of
those voting.
On being over-ruled on each point
by Chairman R. W. Macdonald who
referred them to the relevant sections
of the bylaws, Mr. Belfont challenged
the Chair. Mr. Stan Evans then moved
that the Chair be sustained, a motion
which was carried by an overwhelming majority.
In expectation that some hundreds
of alumni who had not bought dinner
tickets might wish to attend the business meeting, the Association office
had arranged to have the proceedings
piped in to the foyer. As it turned out,
there was no influx of 'voters only.'
When the ballots were counted the
Nominating Committee's slate was returned in its entirety. The table officers appear on another page of this
Issue. Also elected to the executive
were three new members-at-large, for
21 Meeting
the 1966-68 terms: Messrs. Vern J.
Housez, BCom'57, and Arthur G.
Woodland, BA'49, BSA'49, and Mrs.
B. M. Hoffmeister, BA'27. The names
of the degree and regional representatives will appear in the next publication of the Board of Management list.
With the election over, several other
interesting though uncontroversial
items on the agenda were given
attention.
The Alumni Merit Award which
goes to an alumnus who has distinguished himself in his field although
he has not necessarily received recognition elsewhere, went this year to
Dean Walter Gage. In presenting it,
Chancellor Ross said: "He does the
most prodigious work in handling
loans, bursaries, scholarships—and for
the other two universities as well as
UBC. We worry about Dean Gage if
he doesn't work at least eighteen hours
a day."
Recipient of an honorary life membership in the Association was Mr.
Leon Ladner. His interest in UBC
predates the institution itself, for it
was in 1909 that he presented the
government with a petition for a law
school when the University should be
formed.
First winner of the Sherwood Lett
Memorial Scholarship is Michael William Hunter, BA'63, now completing
his second year in Law.
Terrence Mullen, presently teaching
in Prince George, was awarded the
Alumni Scholarship, value $3,000. Mr.
Mullen hopes to complete his work
for a Master's degree in Education
next year.
A final, but not least, 'award' was a
scroll presented by retiring president
R. W. Macdonald on behalf of the
Association to retiring chancellor Dr.
Phyllis Gregory Ross. The scroll cites
Dr. Ross's work on behalf of all segments of the University community,
the standard of public service which
she has set, and "especially for her
faith in the bright future of her Alma
Mater."
At the dinner to help UBC alumni
celebrate the fiftieth anniversary year
of their Association were many McGill graduates. Their presence was a
reminder of the McGill College out of
which grew The University of British
Columbia. □
Dr. Ross was presented with a scroll of appreciation.
Mr. Leon Ladner (right) was proposed for an honorary
life membership by Dr. Howard Green.
22 Meeting
LaPierre discusses
CBC Crisis
"The CBC belongs to all of us, it must
make itself the expression of our concern, of our thoughts, our ideals, and
point the way to the future."
The controversy over the 'This hour
has seven days' program arose after
Dr. Laurier LaPierre had accepted the
invitation to speak at the Alumni
Association Annual Dinner and after
he had announced the title of his
address. Rightly judging that his audience would be most interested in the
topic that was hitting the headlines at
the moment, Dr. LaPierre gave his
views on what the CBC should be
and do.
The CBC, he said, has the responsibility of making Canadians aware of
one another, and in this it has failed.
The CBC has not been providing the
answers, let alone asking the questions.
"To my knowledge no significant
Canadian program has questioned our
leaders on the Vietnamese crisis."
Never, said LaPierre, has the CBC
analyzed the bankruptcy of Canadian
leadership.
And there were other areas in which
he felt the CBC has not played its
part. The present problem, he said,
suggests that we are on the threshold
of a development which may be very
frightening for the future of CBC. The
issue is the right to be controversial,
to challenge and ask questions. That
right is being endangered by the top
management of CBC.
In summing up Dr. LaPierre said
that in a country like Canada there
must be a CBC or the country cannot
hold together very long. It is the only
instrument the Canadian people have
in order to build a meaningful
country. rj
(A tape of Dr. LaPierre's speech may
be obtained from the Alumni Office
by any interested Alumni group.)
Guest speaker Dr. Laurier LaPierre of McGill (centre) poses with McGill grads.
Dr. H. T. Logan (L) and Mr. T. S. Hughes.
Chancellor Ross congratulates Dean Gage.
Dr. W. G. Hardwick, BA'54, MA'58 (L) and his former student Bryan Belfont,
BA'63 contested the third vice-presidency.
23 Table Officers 1966-67
Kenneth R. Martin, BCom'46
The Association's new president for
the 1966-67 year is Mr. Kenneth R.
Martin, elected by acclamation at the
annual meeting in May. Mr. Martin
has served the Association in various
capacities, including that of third vice-
president last year, but perhaps most
notably as chairman of the highly
successful "B.C. '76" Conference held
early in March.
This year's Association treasurer is
Mr. David L. Helliwell, general manager for British Columbia of Steel
Brothers Canada Ltd.
Extra-curricularly Mr. Helliwell is
vice-president of the Vancouver Rowing Club and on the UBC VRC
Advisory Committee.
His chief claim to fame, of course,
is that he was a contributor to a
Chronicle 'Loggerheads' in  1964.
^^s^s^
f SUP'
*$?J$
David L. Helliwell, BA'57
R. W. Macdonald, LLB'50
Immediate Past President Rod Macdonald has finished an extremely busy
year in office, a year which saw the
Association win a place in the top 1%
of alumni associations in Canada and
the United States. Also in the past year
the Association received the award for
improvement in alumni giving during
1963 when Mr. Macdonald was chairman of the campaign.
First vice-president for the coming
year is that very able alumna, Mrs.
John M. Lecky (nee Beverley K. Cunningham.) She was first elected to the
alumni executive in 1964, chaired the
Annual Dinner in 1965, chaired the
Student-Alumni Committee in 1965-
66, and, among other activities, is
presently on the Board of Directors of
the Vancouver Girls' Club and the
Children's Foundation.
A former degree representative and
then member-at-large, Stan Evans has
been elected second vice-president of
the Association. Mr. Evans has served
on the Chronicle editorial committee
for some three years and in the past
eighteen months as its chairman. In
his spare time he is assistant general
secretary of the B.C. Teachers' Federation.
A newcomer to the Association executive committee is Dr. Walter G.
Hardwick. Dr. Hardwick, associate
professor in the UBC department of
geography, was one of the President's
Committee which prepared the Macdonald Report on Higher Education.
In addition, as one of the 'gypsy band,'
he addressed alumni groups on the
Report. He also served on the "B.C.
'76" Committee.
Mrs. J. M. Lecky, BA'38
Stan Evans, BA'41, BEd'44
Dr. W. G. Hardwick, BA'54, MA'58
24 Who (s afraid of the brain-dram?
Pat Carney, BA'60
Dr. A. D. Scott, BCom'46,
BA'47
Taxpayers and parents complaining
That researchers and profs are a-draining
Should instead make them stay
With new labs, help, and pay
Thus deterring their south-bound emplaning.
Jt's a sympton, says Pat Carney Jt's a bogeyman, says Zony Seott
TY7"hen I originally started to prepare a piece arguing
VV against the 'brain drain,' I collected a great many
statistics and patriotic arguments. With them I built a case
showing that Canada could not afford the loss of skilled
and professional people to other countries, either in monetary or real terms. Therefore, I argued, the outflow of our
'human capital' must be discouraged.
I still believe this to be true. But I also believe it to be
irrelevant.
The central issue behind the brain drain was revealed to
me by a close friend during the recent controversy between
CBC management and producers.
At the height of the fracas, when it was clear that some
of the best technical and creative people in Canadian television were prepared to leave the corporation and the
country, he said bitterly: "Do you know why Canadians go
to the U.S.? It isn't the money. It is because Canada is dull,
dismal and provincial. I feel it has no challenge to offer
me."
If his assessment is true, the brain drain is only a
symptom of a deadlier ailment. The real problem, then,
would be Canada's willingness to tolerate a substandard
level of opportunity, a ready acceptance of mediocrity.
I hear echoes of this attitude in the remarks of friends
and relatives who have already left for the U.S. There is
the doctor who was attracted to a big American hospital
because of its superb research facilities. And the economist
TIhe 'brain drain' is the most visible aspect of the high
mobility of scientists and professionals. It got its name
when English newspapermen found they couldn't fit 'the
increasing emigration of engineers, scientists and professionals' into a headline. That was in the 1950's, when
the Royal Society complained that too many of their top
research men were drifting abroad to be replaced easily. At
that time, the number of British scientists going to the
United States alone amounted to about seven per cent of
the number graduated each year—not to mention the
numbers going to Australia and Canada as well. But
Britain was doing well compared to Greece, which lost
almost 10 per cent, or to countries like Persia, which
struggle desperately to hang on to any of their few scientists.
In the space available here, it is possible to make only a
few points about the propensity of highly-educated people
to move from country to country. So far as the facts of the
matter are concerned, everyone agrees that the data are
shot full of holes—there is no standard international
balance sheet of migration of ordinary people, let alone
'brains'. We have to depend on immigration returns of
separate countries, because most nations take little trouble
to count their emigrants. Thus, when a man enters a
country and applies for some kind of citizenship paper or
visa, he has to write down his occupation and where he
came from. If he says 'chemist', coming 'from Canada', he
winds up months later in some statistical compilation of
25 Carney
who would dearly love to return to Canada but has no
opportunity here to pursue his highly specialized field.
If this is indeed the case, and Canada does not offer her
young people the capacity to utilize their potential, the
implications go far beyond the brain drain.
It is sometimes claimed that the most brilliant, most
talented Canadians are among those who emigrate. By
implication, those of us who remain are at best unadven-
turous, at worst second rate.
Sheer pride apart, this generality can't be true in all
cases. If limited opportunity forces some Canadians to
leave, it must also restrict those of us who stay. There are
far more of us. The loss sustained by the brain drain
might be substantial, but it is minor compared to the
losses incurred by failure of the stay-at-homes to utilize
their resources to the maximum.
The loss to the country, therefore, is two-fold. The
factors which siphon off professional and skilled workers to
the U.S. deplete the country as a whole. What are some of
these factors? At the top of my list I would put lack of
access to adequate levels of education.
According to the Economic Council of Canada, 11.1 per
cent of the U.S. males in 1960 had completed university
education. The comparable Canadian figure in 1961 was
5.6 per cent, or roughly half. The difference in educational
levels is significant, for the ECC estimates that the American worker's higher education accounts for at least one-
third of his higher productivity, and thus his higher
income.
The chief reason for the educational gap is clearly
financial. Despite the gratifying increase in the number of
loans and scholarships available, it is still a struggle for
the average young Canadian to achieve his bachelor's
degree. To continue the struggle beyond that level to a
postgraduate degree may be beyond his financial and emotional resources, particularly if he has a family.
The second factor is lack of adequate incentive in industry, research and government to develop optimum
skills. I sometimes think that we export our brains as we do
our physical resources, in the raw or semi-processed stage
for further manufacture elsewhere.
A third element is failure to appreciate what job—and
manpower—opportunities do exist in Canada. Often the
young postgraduate looks south of the border without determining fully what the local demand might be.
Similarly, industry can rob itself of needed skills. An
executive 'phoned me recently in search of an economist.
He wanted one already employed in industry. I attempted
to explain to him that in the past local demand had been
so small that most economists had sought employment
elsewhere. He would be well advised to repatriate one of
these experts, or seek his candidate among economists in
the civil service, which employed the bulk of those who
remained here. The executive, however, persisted in his
determination to hire an 'industry' economist.
Some people argue that the brain drain does not exist.
They point to the recent Economic Council report showing that Canada actually gains through immigration more
skilled and professional people annually than she loses
through emigration.
The Council estimated that it would have cost the
country $536 million to train and educate here the equivalent of our 'imported' skills. On the other hand, the cost of
educating skilled manpower exported abroad is estimated at
$292 million, leaving the country with a gain of $294
million on human capital account.
These arguments do not impress me. Some of our professional and skilled immigrants are nurses who are working
their way around the world and do not intend to stay
here. And many Canadians emigrating to the U.S. are
those in the most highly skilled career categories.
Recently the Organization for Economic Co-operation
and Development conducted a study on the migration to
the U.S. of scientists and engineers from Western Europe
and Canada. The OECD calculated that Canada's annual
loss to the U.S. was 1,239, almost equal to the combined
total of 1,305 for the four major countries of Britain,
France, West Germany and the Netherlands.
In terms of population and educational facilities the
impact on Canada was greater than on Europe. Emigration
to the U.S. was equal to 2.5 per cent of science graduates
and 8.7 per cent of engineering graduates in the four
European countries in 1959.
In Canada, the brain drain took 12.5 per cent of the
science graduates and 48 per cent of the engineering
graduates. The OECD commented: "There is evidence that
the loss thus sustained is more serious in terms of quality
than of mere numbers."
Without question, the skills which immigrants have
brought to Canada have enriched the country. Unless the
underlying malaise of mediocrity can be remedied, however, our imported treasury of skills will be soon spent.
Either the immigrants or their children will follow the
steps of native Canadians south in search of more
challenging opportunities. □
26 Scott
the  'Canadian  brain   drain'.
The impression usually given by such statistics is that
they measure the number of Canadians, trained in Canada,
that were lured from Canadian scientific work to the
higher pay and better conditions of the United States.
Actually such data grossly overstate their number. For
example, categories such as 'chemist' often include druggists
and persons who failed to get any degree; and 'persons coming from Canada' includes Americans returning to their
own country and recent immigrants to Canada from
Europe and Asia who have been waiting for quotas to
allow them to continue their trek to the U.S. Thus while
the data do not well measure Canada's outflow of 'her own'
scientists and professionals, they do remind us of the fluid
world-wide mobility of all highly-trained people. (Indeed,
for eight western countries the percentage of the professional
population that moves is ten times the percentage of the total
population.) At the same time as some are moving out,
others are moving in.
In this criss-cross, as it happens, Canada is a consistent
gainer.
The best example is the provision of professional services
in British Columbia. We are well provided with medical
services, yet two-thirds of our doctors have migrated to us.
Much the same is true of other professions. Does anyone
really believe that if British Columbia had no professional
schools she would have no lawyers, doctors, accountants,
scientists, engineers or architects? Our whole historical
experience tells against this proposition.
What our recent setting-up of graduate and professional
schools has permitted is that more of our own children
can realize cheaply their potential as scientists and professionals. We try to train them to a high international
standard, so that they can take jobs anywhere: on campuses,
in businesses, laboratories, mines, construction sites, and on
stages, screens, platforms, and at control desks.
It is a matter of pride that our matriculants and
graduates are in demand everywhere. Would we want to
change this situation? To dilute their training to a
quality where only local nepotism could find them jobs;
or restrict their leaving till, like Spain or India, we were
flooded with under-employed intellectuals? Obviously
not—the aim of our schooling must be to give children the
resources to make the best of their native abilities. Furthermore, the fact that we must compete with the rest of the
world, at the risk of having no scientists or engineers,
ensures that our salaries and facilities are approximately
equal to those elsewhere. Hence, if our children wish to
stay here, they need not suffer the indignity of grossly
sub-standard returns to their long personal investment in
schooling.
Thus we cannot complain that our schools and colleges
open foreign doors to our children. Nor can we complain
that our doors have been open to brains trained elsewhere.
For we have gained immensely from immigration.
The point can be proved, laboriously, with statistics:
their lesson, again and again, is that Canada's establishment of scientists and professionals gains more from
immigration than it loses from emigration.
The point can be made more vividly by appealing to the
experience of readers of this Chronicle. Older readers can
remember when almost all UBC teachers were 'imports';
while younger graduates will know that it is not to Canada
that we owe professors like McDowell, Bartlett, Jacobs,
Hawthorn, Stankiewicz. Holland, Chapman, Savery, Elder,
Wilimovsky, Nicholls and St. Clair-Sobell, to mention but
a few of the senior men of the past few years. Deans and
administrators, from Wesbrook to Harlow to Scarfe, would
yield a similar list.
Perhaps even more important than our gain from
immigration has been our gain from foreign training. Here
are a few statistical examples: more than three-quarters of
Canadian academic economists have been given part of
their training abroad, and probably most of these have had
teaching or research experience abroad as well. A recent
Canadian Union of Students' questionnaire revealed that
about one-half of all last year's Bachelors who are going
further plan to take their graduate work outside Canada.
And in a survey of the non-clinical professorial staffs of
twelve randomly-chosen UBC departments it was found
that fully 170 out of 230 academics received some or all of
their training in other countries.
What does all this mean? Simply that, because the brain
drain is one part of a system whereby we prepare our own
students to enter the world-wide forum of science and
university, while enabling us to draw on schools here and
elsewhere to form our own stock of scientists and engineers,
it is to be recommended. For it liberates our children from
whatever limitations they find in our environment, while
enabling us to attract and to hold as many of their equals
as we are prepared to pay for.
It follows that we should not complain about the brain
drain and the world-wide peace and communication that
make it possible. Instead of listening to such complaints,
we should ask: Why are so many of our children attracted
to better themselves elsewhere? The answer is, obviously,
that we do not try hard enough to attract them here.
Instead, we rely on their patriotism, or loyalty, which
draws some; and we attempt to instil feelings of guilt in
those who leave, which infuriates them. They know that
the world of science and professions is made up of highly-
trained people, the demand for whom is signalled by
facilities and amenities. It is no use telling them what
they 'owe' us—they move, like musicians and artists, in
circles where this 'debt', if repaid by their repatriation,
would lead to the deterioration of research, and intellectual
progress. All of the following short list, for example, were
emigres: Hans Selye, Lord Rutherford, Albert Einstein,
Wilder Penfield, and all the Australian Nobel prize
winners, at the times of their greatest contributions.
If we want more brains here, we have an easy remedy:
attract them here. The imaginative investment of money in
research positions and facilities is all that is required. Till
we do, let us be thankful that the international mobility of
scientists and professionals allows them (our children
among them) to deploy themselves most productively
across the world's economic landscape. □
27 Our Readers debate chancellor
election coverage
I understand the Chronicle intends
publishing a sampling of the letters received regarding the coverage given by
the Spring Issue of the magazine to the
election of our chancellor.
As president of the Alumni Association at the time the Spring Issue was
published I wish to make it clear that
the first section of the Chronicle, relating to the election, was planned by the
Executive Committee of the Board of
Management of the Association.
—R. W. Macdonald, LLB'50
II  I
Though I am not an alumnus of
The University of British Columbia I
am a member of Convocation and of
the University and received a copy of
the Chronicle in today's mail. I was
astonished to see a publication which
is a public trust engaging in a
lamentably heavy-handed and unfair
representation of the issues involved
in the coming election for chancellor.
Either you are afraid of Mr.
Enomoto or you show him injudicious
disrespect by failing to allow him some
expression of the reasons behind his
decision to seek the chancellorship. At
the same time as you have noted that
he has created an issue, there has been
no opportunity provided for any of
these issues to be clearly stated either
by himself or by Mr. Buchanan.
The fact that Mr. Enomoto is willing to assert his qualifications and
interests in the office and Mr. Buchanan is apparently unwilling to make
public statements with respect to a
public office is surely no justification
for a magazine such as the Chronicle
to print one side of the question only.
While one may agree or disagree with
the Alumni Association executive's
statement on page 5, which is at least
a signed editorial, the action of the
Chronicle in placing Mr. Buchanan's
picture   on   the   cover,   and   in   the
general treatment of the issue, suggest
a clear bias which to my mind
represents a gross disservice to the
cause of creative public interest and
alumni interest in the University, and
is furthermore clearly prejudicial to
one of two alumni of this University
seeking its highest office.
—Lionel Tiger,
Asst. Professor,
Anthropology and Sociology.
444
You seem to have a vast quantity of
lawyers wishing to stand for election
to the Senate, and surely one of them
could have advised you that the UBC
Alumni Association is hardly in a
correct legal position in taking sides
and moreover, using the Alumni
Association Funds, in an endeavour to
have a candidate favored by the
Executive  win  the  chancellorship.
You have no permission whatsoever
to speak for me in this way. Whatever
the merit of the candidates may be,
and whichever may, or may not, be
suitable, you have no right to enter
into political propaganda of this
nauseating kind. . .
I have been carefully and soberly
voting for chancellor and members of
the senate since 1932 and I have never
run into anything like this. Public
morality is not very high in this
province, but I certainly never expected to find such public immorality
in university alumni circles.
—Dorothy Fraser, BA '32,
Osoyoos Branch Contact,
Okanagan-Mainline  University
Association.
Ill
Permit me to disagree with the
executive's stand on the question of
chancellor. We must face it that our
current organization of education has
become obsolete. The students' action
does not strike me as an attempt to
achieve self-government. I think that
the choice of their candidate shows a
genuine desire for 'a renaissance of
humanistic thought in opposition to
the spirit of consumer culture.' (Eric
Fromm.)
In North America and lately in
Britain, we have had a rapid rise of a
'functional meritocracy.' (Michael
Young.) Today, every person is veritably tested and consequently selected,
from his cradle to the end of his days,
according to his merit, his aptitudes
to contribute competitively to society's
materialistic   success   and   prosperity.
While this selective process undoubtedly benefits the business community, it is a disastrous force in the
realm of education. . .
The only way to guarantee a free
society a free education is to let the
educators and their students handle
their own problems. The role of society
is to enable good education by establishing public educational councils
where elected and appointed representatives from the educators, the
community and the government
assess educational and economic needs
and negotiate satisfactory financial
arrangements between those who
possess the fiscal means and those who
provide the educational services.
—Anne-Marie Orno, MSW '62,
Vancouver.
444
I have received your brochure
"Convocation must choose," and let
me say I resent it to the uttermost,
and that is a far piece as we say in
Indiana. I make my protest on three
points (this at first glance).
1. While tradition is great, I gather
that much of your support for one
candidate lies in his ability to cadge
support  for the University.
2. I detect, first, a note of discrimination against students, and next, against
Canadian Japanese. I can't tolerate this
nonsense.
28 3. Finally, I feel that you have wasted
the Association's money in your pompous revelation of issues that were
perfectly clear to anyone who could
read the literature sent out in the
voting envelope.
—David K. Cunningham, BA'41,
Minneapolis, Minn.
^^^
I received today the enveloped
papers for the forthcoming election.
I was distressed to see appearing on
the ballot for chancellor a name of a
candidate so thoroughly and completely unqualified as to represent an insult
to the intelligence of the University
alumni. The most charitable way of
viewing this is as an undergraduate
prank.
I have contacted other alumni in
this area to insure the prompt return
of their ballots and to insure the
election of the chancellor of whom we
may all be proud.
—Henry H. Gale, M.D., BA'54
444
I should like to register my strong
objection to the use, by the Alumni
executive (and possibly a minority of
it) of the Chronicle to advance the
cause of a particular candidate for the
office of Chancellor.
It seems to me that your unwarranted and quite presumptous action
rests on an indefensible assumption.
The assumption is that the graduates
of UBC—surely one of the most literate and responsible sections of the
community—are unable to make their
own decisions on the occasion of the
election of a chancellor.
In this particular instance, the candidate you have so enthusiastically
supported, obviously does not require
the kind of "huckstering" you felt
impelled to provide. All that was required—as with any other candidate—
was an objective recall of relevant data
about his career.
Unfortunately you have quite gratuitously introduced an unpleasant
element into the election which will
engender many perhaps emotional
rather than disinterested responses. I
suspect that your action will persuade—or has already persuaded—
many graduates to vote for the candidate whom you have so ungraciously
attempted to defeat.
Finally, I assume that the regular
staff of the Chronicle had nothing to
do with preparing the first section of
the issue. I suggest that in the next
issue you will issue the necessary
statement to exonerate them from any
complicity or blame in an almost
unbelievable display of bad taste.
—Francis C. Hardwick, MA'34
(The writer of the above letter is correct in the assumption he makes in his
last paragraph.—Ed.)
*>>
There is no way for a graduate of
UBC who is living outside the
immediate environs of the University
to become aware of important issues
at the University, except through the
biannual, predominantly social,
gatherings, and through the Chronicle.
It is for this reason that I am particularly appreciative of your letter regarding the chancellorship elections which
was published in the Spring issue.
There is no doubt in my mind,
after comparing the qualifications of
the two gentlemen, that Mr. Buchanan
is the more suitable man for this
particular position. I assure you that
if there were, nothing you might say,
or have said, could change it.
Your letter did, however, make me
aware of the importance of my vote as
a concerned member of Convocation,
in this election.
—Marilyn (Shaver)  Dow, Arts '50.
444
I wish to register my protest against
the Alumni Association executive and
their use of that Association's magazine and resources to promote the
interests of one candidate for
chancellor over another.
Mr. Enomoto is legally entitled to
run for the office of chancellor. Because
he is younger than Mr. Buchanan and
has not taken part in as many
community activities is no reason for
throwing the entire weight of the
Alumni Association  against him.
Had the editorial in the Chronicle
been written by its editor in support
of one or other candidate this would
have been palatable to me, but to
have an executive group transcend the
boundaries of their authority and endorse one candidate over another and
send out a printed flyer is reprehensible.
If Mr. Buchanan had openly
solicited the support of the alumni
organization and paid for the space in
our magazine, then this would cast a
different light on the matter. From
the information that I have however,
this action was taken solely on the
initiative of our executive committee
and paid for out of alumni funds.
This is discrimination of the highest
order against a member of our alumni
and which I believe warrants a public
apology to Mr. Enomoto.
Perhaps what is even more disturbing is the apparent lack of communication and understanding our executive has toward alumni members. That
the executive believe our alumni to
have such a shallow understanding of
the chancellorship so as to enable Mr.
Enomoto to be elected is an indication
to me of how out of touch the
executive is with reality.
Believing our alumni to know what
the office of chancellor requires, I look
forward to the election of Mr. Buchanan.
—Richard D. Hayes, LLB '65
^^^
The University of B.C., my alma
mater, means a great deal to me, and
over the four years since I was
graduated I have taken every opportunity to say so. A sense of pride has
always accompanied the claims I have
made about our campus, our academic
and student life, the standard of our
curricula and, not least, our strong
and effective alumni association.
Yesterday morning I received your
publication entitled 'UBC Chancellor
Election', in which the nominees for
the present chancellor election are presented to us, along with a few notes on
the previous chancellors. The very
existence of this sheet is as much a
shame as it is a disappointment. The
bias you show and the unfair advantage you give to Mr. Buchanan is
nothing for an alumni association to
be proud of. If UBC can boast an
intelligent leadership and the graduation of intelligent men and women,
why must it stoop to such a 'power-
play' as this to force an election in one
direction? Are we not responsible and
considerate enough to think for
ourselves?
Not every university alumni has
the good fortune to be allowed the
privilege of electing its chancellor. I
recently attended a British university
29 Letters
which, a few months ago, appointed a
new chancellor on the advice of the
academic upper crust only. Many of
the students and members of convocation were displeased with the continuance of the aristocratic air of the
appointment. I mention this not as a
comparison with our candidates, but
to voice an opinion that we are
fortunate to have a democratic system
which is placed in the hands of a very
capable membership. I do not think
that the alumni of UBC need to have
their intelligence insulted like this
again.
—David Birdsall, BASc '62,
Montreal, P.Q.
^^^
I had already mailed my ballot when
I received your mailing on the forthcoming elections.
First I wish to express my unqualified disapproval of the UBC
alumni executive for meddling in the
decisions of individual alumni. I consider it most improper and foolish
that   the   body   which   represents   all
graduates has chosen to publicly prefer
one candidate over another and to
attempt to influence the private choice
of members of the Convocation.
This is an act of deplorable partisan
politicking and an insult to all graduates. Perhaps the alumni association
executive has forgotten that it represents thinking human beings, the
products of a fine university, an
intellectual institution. That, given the
facts, an alumnus could not make a
wise choice, is an assumption that is
unforgivably arrogant. .  .
Even if there were the slightest
justification for this public stand, the
grounds for this stand are extremely
dubious. The factors separating the
candidates are age, race, academic
accomplishment and a great deal of
money.
On the basis of these conclusions I
am   forced   to   express   my   complete
formula to
catch the eye
lack of confidence in the UBC alumni
association executive. I submit that
the only honorable course for you all
(whose names I note are missing from
the offensive document) is to resign.
—Mrs. Theresa Padgham, BA '59,
Regina, Sask.
444
I protest my Association's entry into
the chancellorship election issue.
I think it improper and tendentious.
I believe it sets a precedent, upon
which the membership was not consulted. I object to your spending our
money on a partisan political
pamphlet.
If Mr. Enomoto is elected what will
then be the position of our
Association?
—N. Parker-Jervis, BA '49,
Dept. of English, U. of Alta.
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Plan now to fly high and attend our
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Saturday, October 22nd, on Campus
Reunions for:
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1921
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1926
1951
1931
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LUNCHEON
(Western Style)
Make it a Family Affair
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October 22nd
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Make up a party and
bring your friends
Football game — Thunderbirds vs. University of Alberta
MORE DETAILS TO FOLLOW
30 Letters
Thoughts of home
. . . On thinking of UBC and my
sojourn in the Far East I recall with
especial pleasure and interest two
items. One, entertaining President
Macdonald in Tokyo at luncheon at
the time of the international meeting
of universities held in Tokyo in late
August '65. The other was an opportunity to spend some time with Dr.
Frank Forward, Director, Scientific
Secretariat, Privy Council Office, an
old friend and former UBC faculty
member, during his visit to Tokyo to
observe the organization of science in
Japan.
I hope to visit Vancouver this
summer and see some old friends—and
I expect that the changes in UBC since
Fairview days that I have been hearing
about will become more real to me.
—Carl  Tolman,  Arts  '24.
^^^
In the spring issue of the Chronicle
I was shocked to read 'Convocation
must choose' on page 5. To my mind
this article is an insult to the intelligence of your readers as well as to Mr.
R. K. Enomoto.
Surely this effort could not have
been too carefully weighed by all
members of the Alumni Association
executive as suggested in the article. It
seems to me we fought a war to stamp
out this type of thinking. It is obvious
from Mr. Buchanan's background and
experience that he did not need the
support of anyone in seeking the office
of the chancellor of our University.
The partiality shown in this instance
must be an embarrassment to both
candidates.
It is my sincere hope that you will
initiate the necessary action to be
taken to have this unfortunate injustice corrected. The Japanese people
on the West Coast suffered enough
during WW II without further indignities being directed to one of their
prominent sons who represented UBC
at 'Democracy in the University Community' in Fredericton only last year.
Such irony!
—Michael A. Haddon, BASc'43
444
You may imagine my surprise after
having received the ballots at being
further campaigned to support one
particular candidate for chancellor.
This partisan approach struck me as
unnecessary, unfair and, really, just a
little too obvious.
The unfortunate part is that your
propaganda sheet arrived here at an
inopportune moment. It was inspected,
incredulously, by friends from
Carleton University (Ottawa) and
from the University of Manitoba. The
impression received by them of the
UBC Alumni Association was not
favourable.
My husband and I, both graduates
of UBC, remember it as a place where
fairness could always be depended
upon towards all candidates in any
election. We are faced with the
dilemma of repudiating "our" alumni
association, or of wondering if it really
had been LTBC that we had admired
for its sense of decency.
—Deborah  (Mrs. Mark)  LTnderhill,
BA '59.
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31 News of the University
Geology plays a part
in medical research today
Dr. H. V. Warren, BA'26, BASc'27
"Most exciting!" was Dr. Harry Warren's word on his return from a
meeting of the New York Academy of
Sciences. On May 4 he had given a
paper there, co-authored by himself,
Miss Christine H. Cross and Dr.
Robert E. Delavault, entitled 'Possible
correlations between geology and some
disease patterns.'
His audience of 150 persons was at
least three-quarters composed of medical people. Doctors had helped in
collecting for his research soil samples
from ten areas known to have unusual
prevalence of certain diseases and a
control of samples from ten other
areas which had normal prevalence of
those diseases. The significant finding
was that the differences in the quantity of copper, lead and zinc in the
soils was matched by the difference in
the prevalence of the diseases under
study.
Thus, the age-old interest in the
geographical distribution of diseases
has shifted rapidly to the distribution
of diseases according to geological formations involved. In many disease
fields, notably cancer and heart disease,
this possible geological connection is
being pursued actively today.
Dr. Warren had scarcely got settled
back at his UBC desk before the mail
began coming in, from California,
New   York   and   all points   between.
Bio-geochemistry was pioneered at
UBC twenty years ago and the present
study is a part of it.
The meeting which Dr. Warren
addressed was chaired by Professor
Emeritus Paul Kerr of Columbia
University.
Commerce Dean
plans course
changes
Prof. P. H. White
Eight years ago Professor Philip
Herbert White came to UBC from
Britain to be head of the division of
estate management in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration. Now, at 41, he has been appointed dean of that faculty.
With a student body of 899 in the
faculty last year, Dean White says:
"We are confronted with a rapid rise
by almost one-half in the last two
years in our under-graduate enrolment,
yet there is an urgent need to make
substantial changes in the curriculum.
These changes are required to incorporate the new methods of analysis
and skills in business administration
and to reflect the higher standards of
those entering the University."
Dean   White   took   his   degrees   of
bachelor of science and master of
science (estate management), at the
College of Estate Management, University of London.
In Canada, Dean White has served
on a number of commissions and
committees concerned with land use
and evaluation, and has written papers
on local taxation practices and the
mortgage market. He is a regional
vice-chairman for British Columbia of
the Canadian Housing Design
Council.
UBC acquires
new property
Fourteen miles north of Powell River
on Homfray Channel, there is a small
property called Prideaux Haven which
is the latest addition to UBC's far-flung
campus.
This forty-acre property, with its
three-quarter mile shoreline, has been
given to the University by the Reed
and Sarah Hunt Fund. It will serve
UBC as an area for research in
fisheries and oceanography and as an
ecological reserve, and in return the
University has undertaken to preserve
it in perpetuity for transient use by
pleasure craft.
Academically Prideaux Haven will,
it is expected, prove very useful to the
University. Dean Ian McT. Cowan
says: "The area has unique values
even in a region which is so amply
supplied with magnificent wild land
and foreshore. As a biological site, the
waters adjacent are the warmest in
British Columbia and offer very interesting opportunities for studying the
influence of temperature on reproduction, survival and population densities
of a number of inter-tidal species of
marine organisms."
Dean Cowan adds a hope that
preservation of Prideaux Haven by the
University will give impetus to the
establishment of ecological reserves in
other major biotic areas.
Mr. Reed O. Hunt is chairman of
Crown Zellerbach Ltd., San Francisco,
and a son and namesake lives in West
Vancouver.
Returned mail costs money and is
inefficient. If your alumni mail is
not correctly addressed, please clip
current address label and send it to
us with the change.
32 Dean F. H. Soward
Au Revoir,
but not good-by
Dean emeritus soward has bade UBC
an official farewell after more than forty
years of teaching here. He retired two
years ago, but continued on a temporary
basis, giving his course in the Diplomacy of the Great Powers until the
University could find a qualified successor for him. He was also during that
time acting secretary of the Board of
Governors.
Now he and Mrs. Soward are plan
ning a leisurely vacation in the Mediterranean area, leaving here in August.
Ghana and B.C.
have common
interest
Ten years ago Professor T. Lionel
Coulthard was asked to investigate an
algae-choked reservoir in the Okanagan. Five years later he was in Ghana
as an agricultural adviser to the
government and a lecturer in agricultural engineering and dean of the
Faculty of Agriculture at the University of Ghana.
The two experiences, half the world
apart, came together when he discovered in Ghana a German-manufactured chemical called Dimanin
which is used widely in the tropics for
treating algae-choked water. Professor
Coulthard and his graduate students
are now carrying out tests at UBC to
determine if the chemical would be
useful in the Okanagan.
This summer Professor Coulthard
will present a research paper entitled
'Biological investigations into the pol
lution of water supplies' at a twenty-
six day conference on water resources
at New Mexico State University. He is
one of 30 persons selected to read
papers.
Professor Coulthard is head of the
department of agriculture engineering
and mechanics in UBC's faculties of
Applied Science and Agriculture.
Our file is complete! Thanks to Mr.
James R. Mitchell who has kindly
given the Chronicle a 1918 Annual,
our file of Annuals and Totems is
now complete, a great help to the
editor.
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33 Alumni Association News
Our Association
Wins high place
How does it feel to be in the Top
Ten? UBC Alumni Association members can begin to get used to the idea
now that their Association has been
singled out for that honour by the
American Alumni Council.
Actually, it is not 'Top Ten', but
top one per cent in a competition in
which thirteen American universities
and one Canadian, UBC, qualified for
the award. This award, the Alumni
Administration Award, given for the
first time this year, was sponsored in
its initial year by the Sears Roebuck
Foundation. It "recognizes those institutions whose alumni program seeks
to fulfill the goals of the American
Alumni Council, which the Council
describes as 'mobilizing behind education the full strength of organized
alumni support.' "
So there we have it, not only a
recognition of achievement, but a very
high standard to maintain.
Joan Arnold
Award Winner
Joan Arnold, BSc'63
A student whose name had never
appeared in the Ubyssey—'which in
itself may be the best kind of recognition,' the citation read—was honoured
with the Alumni Award of Student
Merit at the annual Student-Alumni
banquet held last March.
The  award winner was  Miss  Joan
Arnold,  chosen  by  a  selection  board
Gayle Hitchens, Ed IV
Marilyn Palmer, Ed I
UBC students in major golf event
Two young education students, Marilyn Palmer and Gayle Hitchens, will
carry UBC colours in the U.S. Women's Collegiate Golf Tournament
this June.
The girls, both members of this
year's Western Canada Inter-collegiate
Athletic Association championship
team, have singly won many major
tournaments. They have each held
B.C. titles in junior and senior competitions and have been perennial
members, first of junior, then of senior,
B.C. teams competing in the Canadian
championships.
Gayle, 22, a fourth year student, has
been a Canadian Open finalist three
times and champion in 1962. She was
also a member of the 1963 Canadian
Commonwealth team that toured
Australia and New Zealand.
Marilyn at 19, a first year education
student, possesses a two handicap and
is the current British Columbia
women's champion.
A grant from the Alumni Association
has made it possible for these two
student golfers to represent our University in this major United States
competition.
composed of both alumni and students.
This award is given annually to a
student who has made an outstanding
contribution to this University, who has
maintained a satisfactory academic
record, and who is of good character.
Miss Arnold graduated from high
school with an average of 87%, graduated from UBC in 1963 with first class
honours, and is currently a doctoral
candidate in chemistry.
She has worked on a number of significant student committees, but her
greatest contribution has been in a field
which she herself opened up, that of
bringing together students, faculty,
alumni and administration in a variety
of experiences and settings.
Students honour
Dr. Phyllis Ross
Before winding up the business of
the 1965-66 academic year, UBC students honoured one of their alma
mater's most notable alumnae at a
special ceremony last April.
The ceremony, at a meeting of the
Student Council, was held to present
Chancellor Phyllis Ross with a scroll
to express the students' appreciation
of her services as citizen, as chancellor,
as friend to the student body.
Dr. Ross was honoured by the students of 1954 with the Great Trekker
Award.
34 U.B.C. Alumni Association Directory
University Associations
Central B.C.
chairman—Mrs.   G.   C.   Kellett,   BSc   (Alta.),
2293 McBride Cresc, Prince George.
100 mile house—Alan MacMillen,  BA'62, Box
219.
quesnel—Douglas Feir, BA'33, P.O. Box 508.
vanderhoof—Alvin   W.   Mooney,   BA'35,   MD.
MSc  (Alta.), P.O. Box 56.
Williams   lake—Mrs.   C.   Douglas   Stevenson,
BA'27, Box 303.
E.  Kootenay Post-Secondary
Education Association
president—Ray Cooper, BA'49, LLB'50, Box 28,
Creston.
vice-presidents—Maurice   G.   Klinkhamer,   BA
'34,    BEd'47,    Box    849.    Cranbrook;    Frank
Goodwin,    Box    810   Kimberley;    Judge    M.
Provenzano,   LLB'49,   Box   2406,   Cranbrook.
secretary—Bill Phillips, BA'64, Box 158, Cranbrook.
cranbrook—Percy B. Pullinger, BA'40, BEd'56,
Box   9;   Mrs.   Marion   Pennington,   BSN'32,
Box 88.
creston—Alan B. Staples, BA'39, Box 280; Dr.
J. V. Murray, BA'29, Box 270.
fernie—H. D. Stuart, BEd'60, Box 217;  F. C.
Hislop, LLB'50, Box 490.
invermere—Mrs. G. A. Duthie; Tom Hutchison.
kimberley—L.   F.   H.   Garstin,   BA'40,   MA'46,
Box  313;  Mat Malnarich.
Fraser Valley
president:  Dr.  Mills F. Clarke,  BSA'35, MSA
'37,     c/o     Dominion     Experimental     Farm,
Agassiz.
past president:  Norman Severide, BA'49, LLB
'50, Drawer 400, Langley.
secretary: Hunter B. Vogel, HA'58, 19952 New
McLellan Road, R.R. No. 7, Langley.
abbotsford—John    Wittenberg,    33551    Braun
Avenue, Box 1046; William H. Grant, BEd'47,
Maple Street, Box 37.
agassiz—Dr.    Douglas    Taylor,    BSA'39,    c/o
Dominion Experimental Farm.
chilliwack—Judge F. K. Grimmett, BA'32, Box
10,  Sardis;  Frank Wilson, MA'37,  25  Clarke
Drive.
cloverdale—Harold     S.     Keenlyside,     BA'35,
Drawer 579.
cultus   lake—W.   N.   Swanzey,    BEd'57,   379
Cedar  Street.
haney—Mervyn M. Smith, BA'34, 12283 North
8th Avenue.
hope—Eugene Olson, BA'48,  BEd'56,  Box 221.
langley—Dr. Chapin Key, Box 636.
mission—Wilfred R. Jack,  BA'35, MA'37, McTaggart Road, Hatzic.
Okanagan Mainline
president:   Mrs.   H.   J.   MacKay,   BA'38,   Box
129, Revelstoke.
past   president:    Dr.   E.   M.   Stevenson,   MD
(West. Ont.), 3105-31st St.. Vernon.
Armstrong—Ronald R. Heal, BSA'47, Box 391.
golden—Mrs. Trevor Burton.
kamloops—Roland   G.   Aubrey,   BArch'51,   242
Victoria Street.
kelowna—John   Dyck,   BSP'51,   Dyck's   Drugs
Ltd.,  545  Bernard Avenue.
lumby—Ken    B.    Johnson,    Merritt    Diamond
Mills, P.O. Box 10.
Oliver—Rudolph P. Guidi, BA'53, BEd'55, Principal, Elementary School.
osoyoos—Mrs.   Douglas   Fraser,   BA'32,   R.R.
No. 1.
penticton—Mrs. Howard J. Hamilton, LLB'56,
789 Carmi Drive.
revelstoke—Mrs. H. J. MacKay, Box 129.
salmon arm—Dr. W. H. Letham, BSA'42, Box
237.
summerland—Preston S. Mott,  BCom'60,  LLB
'61, West Summerland.
vernon—Mrs. Peter G. Legg, BA'37, Box 751.
Vancouver  Island
president:  Harold S. Maclvor, BA'48, LLB'49,
Box 160, Courtenay.
vice-president:    Robert   St.    G.    Gray,   BA'53,
1766 Taylor Street, Victoria.
secretary:  Mrs. J. H. Moore, BA'27, Norcross
Rd., R.R. 4, Duncan.
alberni-port alberni—W. Norman Burgess, BA
'40, BEd'48, 518 Golden Street, Alberni.
Campbell river—Mrs. W. J. Logie, BA'29, Box
40.
chemainus—Mrs. A. A. Brown, BA'45, Box 266.
ladysmith—Mrs. T. R. Boggs, BA'29, Box 637.
nanaimo—Alan E. Filmer, BCom'62, LLB'63,
2340 Holyrood.
parksville-qualicum—J. L. Nicholls, BA'36,
BEd'53, Principal, Jr.-Sr. High School,
Qualicum Beach.
shawnigan lake—Edward R. Larsen, BA'48,
Shawnigan Lake School.
sooke—Mrs. John Lancaster, BA'63, 1962 Murray Road.
victoria—David Edgar, BCom'60, LLB'61, 929
Fairfield Road.
West  Kootenay  Regional  Committee
chairman—R.   J.   H.   Welton,   BASc'46,   1137
Columbia Avenue, Trail.
argenta—Mr. Stevenson.
castlegar—Edwin   McGauley,   BA'51,   LLB'52,
Box 615.
grand  forks—E.  C.  Henniger,  Jr.,   BCom'49,
Box 10.
nelson—Leo   S.   Gansner,   BA.   BCom'35,   c/o
Garland, Gansner & Arlidge, Box 490.
riondel—Herman Nielsen, Box 75.
trail—Mrs. T. S. Mathieson, 310 Willow Dr.
Other B.C.  Branch  Contacts
ashcroft—Gordon H. S. Parke, BSA'52, Bonaparte Ranch, Cache Creek.
bella coola—Milton C. Sheppard, BA'53, BEd
'54, Box 7.
bralorne—J. S. Thompson. BASc'50.  Box 301.
chetwynd—James McWilliams, BSF'53.
clinton—Kenneth Beck, BSP'57, Box  159.
dawson creek—Michael R. de la Giroday, LLB
'57, 841-105th Ave.
fort ST. john—Art Fletcher, BCom'54, Supervising Principal, North Peace River High
School, Box 640.
Grantham's landing—M. R. Kitson, BASc'56,
"Innishowen."
Hudson hope—W. O. Findlay, Bag Service No.
7, Fort St. John, B.C.
lillooet—Harold E. Stathers, BSP'53, Box 548.
lytton—David S. Manders, BA'39, Box 5.
merritt—Richard M. Brown, BA'48, LLB'52.
Powell river—F. A. Dickson, BASc'42, 3409
Tweedsmuir.
prince rupert—Robert C. S. Graham, Box 188.
Princeton—Robert B. Cormack, BA*49, BEd'57,
Box 552.
sicamous—W. Ellaschuk, BA'50, Box 9.
squamish—Mrs. G. S. Clarke, Box 31.
terrace—Ronald Jephson, LLB'56, P.O. Box
1838.
texada—Mrs. Dorothy Halley, BA'29, Box 91,
Gillies Bay.
zeballos—Mrs. Joan St. Denis, BSN'59, c/o
Gran Bay Logging Co.
Alberta
calgary—P. T. Kueber, BCom'57, LLB'58, 600-
6th Ave., S.W.
Edmonton—Gary Caster, BA'47, BSW'48, 10507-
44 Street.
medicine   hat—Harry  H.  Yuill,   BCom'59,  473
First Street S.E.
Saskatchewan
moose jaw—Melvin Shelly, BASc'55, MBA'57,
1156-3rd Ave. N.W.
regina—Bob Talbot, BA'47, BSA'48, 144 Durham Drive.
saskatoon—Dr. Alex J. Finlayson, BA'55,
BASc'56, 202 S. Cumberland.
Manitoba
Winnipeg—Harold A. Wright, BCom'63, c/o
Great West Life Assurance Co.
Ontario
deep river—D. D. Stewart, BA'40, 4 Macdonald
Street.
guelph—Walter H.  A.  Wilde,  BA'50, 4 Cedar
Street.
Hamilton—Harry L.  Penny,  BA,  BSW'56, 439
Patricia Drive, Burlington.
London—Mrs.   Brian  Wharf,   134 Biscay  Road.
manotick—John W. Green, BCom'39, Box 295.
Ottawa—Thomas  E.  Jackson,   BA'37,  516  Golden Avenue.
port   Arthur—Sydney   Burton   Sellick,   BSF'52,
389 College Street.
Toronto—Arthur Aspinall, BCom'64, Apt. 1201,
199 Roehampton.
welland—John   Turnbull,   BASc'55,   MASc'58,
Box 494, Fonthill.
Quebec
Montreal—L. Hamlyn Hobden, BA'37, MA
'40, c/o Pemberton, Freeman, Mathers and
Milne, Ltd., 1980 Sherbrooke St. West.
Nova Scotia
sackville—Dr.   David   M.   MacAulay,   BSW'61,
Dean's Apt.
Sydney—Robt. Algar, c/o Dosco Steel Co. Ltd.
wolfville—Bruce   Robinson,   BA'36,   BASc'36,
Box 446.
P.E.I.
charlottetown—Mrs. Robert Dubberley, 76
Parkview Drive.
Newfoundland
st. John's—Dr. V. S. Papezich, c/o Memorial
University.
Commonwealth
England—Mrs. J. W. R. Adams, BA'23, Thurnham Grange, Thurnham near Maidstone,
Kent. Mrs. C. A. S. Turner, "Blue Shutters",
120 Myton Road, Warwick.
Canadian university society—46 Ferry Road,
Barnes, London S.W. 13.
Scotland—Mrs. Jean Dagg, BEd'61, 35 Tweed
Street, Ayr.
trinidad—Lome D. R. Dyke, BCom'56, Commercial Division,  Box  125,  Port of Spain.
United States
friends of ubc—Stan Arkley, BA'25, 9009 N.E.
37th St., Bellevue, Washington.
Arizona—John E. Mulhern, BA'16, Casas
Adobes Lodge, 6810 N. Oracle Rd., Tucson.
California—(Chairman) Charles A. Holme,
BCom'50, 81 Morningside Drive, San Francisco, san Francisco—Dr. Oscar E. Anderson, BA'29, MA'31, 185 Graystone Terrace.
santa clara—Mrs. Fred M. Stephen, BV25,
381 Hayes Avenue. Stanford—Harold J.
Dyck, BA'53, Bldg. 315, Apt. 14, Stanford
Village.
Florida—Dr. Cora L. Paton, BEd'57, MEd'62,
Box 983, Tallahassee.
hawah—Donald M. McArthur, BA'21, 295 Wai-
lupe Cir., Honolulu.
Illinois—Mrs. Richard H. Thompson, BA'59,
2255 St. John's Avenue, Highland Park,
Chicago.
Missouri—Dr. Carl Tolman, BA'24, MS, PhD
(Yale), Dept. of Earth Sciences, Washington
University, St. Louis.
Montana—Mrs. Glennys Christie, BA'54, 509
W. Cleveland, Bozeman.
new Mexico—Dr. Martin B. Goodwin, BSA'43,
Box 974, Clovis.
new york—Miss Rosemary Brough, BA'47, 340
E. 58th St., New York. Rochester—Dr. E. T.
Kirkpatrick, Dean, College of Applied Science,
Rochester Institute of Technology, 65 Plymouth Avenue S.
OHIO—Mrs. Milford S. Lougheed, BA'36, MA
(Bowl. Green) 414 Hillcrest Drive, Bowling
Green.
Oregon—Dr. David B. Charlton, BA'25, 2340
Jefferson St., Portland.
Texas—Wilfrid M. Calnan, BA'39, MSW'48,
307 Chenoweth, Corpus Christi.
WASHINGTON—SEATTLE—PRESIDENT:    John   A.   M.
Gunn, 9010 N.E. 37th Place, Bellevue. vice-
president: Miss Nora Clarke, 5041 N.E. 22nd.
Spokane—Don W. Hammersley, BCom'46, Sym-
mons Bldg.
Wisconsin—H. Peter Krosby, BA'55, MA'58,
PhD (Col.) Dept. of Scandinavian Studies, U.
of Wisconsin, Madison.
Other Countries
Dominican   republic—John   E.   Kepper,   BCom
'63, Apartado  1393, Santo Domingo.
Ethiopia—Arthur  H.   Sager,   BA'38,   Box   3005,
United Nations, ECA, Addis Ababa.
France—Nigel    Kent-Barber,     BA'61,    80    rue
Gabriel Peri, Massey, Seine-et-Oise.
Greece—Edmond  E.  Price,  BCom'59,  Canadian
Embassy, Athens.
India—Knute    B.    Buttedahl,    Dept.    of   Adult
Education, University of Rajasthan, Jaipur.
ISRAEL—Arthur   H.   Goldberg,    BA'48,    57   Ben
Yehuda St., Tel Aviv.
japan—Mrs. Yuriko Moriya, BA'36, 210 Tama-
gawa Kaminogowe, Setagaya-ku, Tokvo.
kenya—Dr.   Gordon   M.   Wilson,   BA'49,   Box
5837,  Nairobi.
Nigeria—Mrs.   Lucian   Gallianari,   BA'49,   P.O.
Box 2403, Lagos;  Mrs.  Barbara M. McLean,
BEd'62, Box 427, Enugu.
Norway—Bjorn    W.    Meyer,    B'Com'62,    Blok-
kvien 34, Sandvika, nr. Oslo.
Panama—Lester  D.   Mallory,   BSA'27.   MSA'29,
c/o   Inter-American   Development   Bank,   Box
7297,   Panama.
south   Africa—Donald   H.   Leavitt,   Box   683,
Cape Town.
Sweden—Mrs. Helen Frey, BA'28, Skogsmyrsva-
gen   11,   Uppsala.
35 Arnold A. Webster, BA'22
1922
Arnold A. Webster, BA, MA'28, was
honoured recently at a dinner given by
friends at the Ukrainian Community
Centre. It was a tribute designed to tell
him how much his public service had
been appreciated. Mr. Webster retired
last year after thirty-three years in politics, during which time he served at all
three levels of government. He has been
a member of UBC's Senate for fifteen
years, and is a freeman of the City of
Vancouver.
Up
and
Doing
Send the editor your news, by press clippings
or personal letter. Your classmates are interested and so are we.
1924
R.  Murray  Brink,   BA,   MA'25,   was
re-elected to the board of directors and
the executive committee of Allied Van
Lines Ltd., at the company's annual
meeting in Toronto. Mr. Brink is president of Johnston Terminals Limited.
Carl Tolman, BA, MS, PhD(Yale),
former Chancellor of Washington University, has completed his assignment of
two years with the U.S. State Department. He served as science attache at
the American Embassy in Tokyo, with
similar responsibilities in Seoul, Manila
Taipei and Hong Kong. He has now returned to the department of earth
sciences at Washington University.
1925
William C. Cameron, BSA, retired at
the end of March as director-general of
the Canadian Department of Agriculture's production and marketing branch.
He had been with the CD A since 1927,
moving to Ottawa in 1935. He became
the department's assistant director in
1959, and assumed his most recent
position in  1963.
Earle Birney,
BA'26
Dr.   A.   Earle   Birney,   BA,   MA'27,
PhD'36 (Toronto), after many years with
the department of English at UBC, has
resigned. For the past year he has been
on leave of absence at the University of
Toronto as poet-in-residence. Dr. Birney,
one of Canada's foremost poets, has received many honours for his writing. In
1965, at the fall convocation ceremonies
at the University of Alberta, he received
an honorary doctor of laws degree.
What's In It For Me, They Keep Asking
IT'S A QUESTION which may not be viable (viable . . .
a good IN word this week) as a complete philosophy for
living, but it has its uses, not always entirely crass. For
instance, when people subscribe to and read a newspaper
they quite rightly do so because it provides something for
THEM, each and every one. Until computers start turning
out people, people will continue to differ from each other
in tastes and attitudes in a most disorderly and human
way and The Sun will keep right on being a paper in which
as many as possible find what they want.
SEE IT IN THE
36 Prof. Jacob
Biely, BSA'26,
MSA'30
Professor Jacob Biely, BSA, MSA'30,
head of UBC's poultry science department, has been elected a fellow of The
Royal Society of Canada. Professor
Biely, a member of faculty since 1930,
is a member of several learned societies,
and has attended several international
conferences including the World Poultry
Science Association, and the Biochemical
Congress in Moscow in 1961.
Charles D.
Schultz,
BASc'31
Charles D. Schultz, BASc, is the first
British Columbian to have been appointed to the Board of Directors of the
Association of Consulting Engineers of
Canada. His four year term will end in
1970.
1928
The Hon. lames Sinclair, BASc, has
been elected Chairman of the Board of
Directors of Lafarge Cement Co. Ltd.,
succeeding the Hon. Frank M. Ross. He
has been president of the company since
1961.
1933
Graham B. Ladner, BA, has been appointed a County Court Judge by the
federal government. Mr. Ladner, nephew
to Leon Ladner, a member of the Board
of Governors of UBC, has practised law
in Vancouver since 1938, and was latterly associated with the firm of Ladner,
Southin and Roberts.
Laurence J. Nicholson, BA, BASc'34,
is the new superintendent of control
services for COMINCO at Trail, B.C.
In this position he will be responsible for
effluent control and industrial hygiene for
all operations of the company.
1934
Beatrice Cooke, BA, (now MacLeod)
has been appointed to the English department of the West Kootenay Regional
College. She is presently a staff member
of the J. Loyd Crowe High School in
Trail, where she has taught for the past
six years.
1937
Ralph E. Cudmore, BSA, sales operations manager for Ford Motor Co. of
Canada Ltd. since 1963, has been appointed general manager of the tractor
and equipment division for that company.
Thomas A. Dohm, BA, former Vancouver city magistrate, has been appointed to the Supreme Court of B.C.
He had been the youngest magistrate to
be appointed in Vancouver when he was
named to that position in 1954.
1938
James W. Hudson, BCom, has been
appointed by the British Columbia provincial government to the Vancouver
Police Commission. Mr. Hudson, was
also elected President of the United
Community Services at the annual general meeting held in April.
Judge James A. Macdonald, BA, has
been appointed to the B.C. Supreme
Court by the federal government, succeeding the late Mr. Justice Hutcheson.
Judge Macdonald is a past president of
the Alumni Association and is a candidate in this year's senate elections.
1940
Victor C. Moore, BA, is the Canadian
Embassy's newest diplomat in South
Viet Nam, where he has been stationed
since Christmas. He had previously been
posted as a counsellor in The Hague,
Netherlands, since 1962. He is Canada's
senior delegate on the international truce
commission in Viet Nam—the one international body with direct dealings in
both the rival war capitals of Saigon and
Hanoi.
1941
John R. Meredith, BA, BEd'55, has
been appointed assistant superintendent
of education in charge of instructional
services for the Department of Education
in Victoria. Mr. Meredith was formerly
At Home
on the Campus
UBC-trained bacteriologists staff the
Dairyland laboratory; UBC's Faculty of
Agriculture has worked in close cooperation with Dairyland for many years.
Dairyland is proud of this long and
happy association with the University of
British Columbia.
Vpaj^§m\
A Division of the Fraser Valley
Milk Producers' Association.
EXPORT
PLAIN or FILTER TIP CIGARETTES
REGULAR AND KINGS
37 director  of curriculum  for  the Department.
Robert H. Parkinson, BA, has been
appointed national director of family allowances, youth allowances, and old age
security with the Department of Health
and Welfare in Ottawa. He joined the
Department in 1946 after service with
the Canadian army.
1942
Dr. William H. Letham, BSA, DMD
(Oreg.) Chairman of the Salmon Arm
UBC Alumni Association, has been appointed to the Okanagan Regional College Council.
1944
Trenna G. Hunter, BASc, has retired
after twenty-six years as director of
nursing with the Metropolitan Health
Service of Greater Vancouver. Miss
Hunter, a former president of the Canadian Nurses' Association, was at one
time nursing supervisor of the Japanese
Evacuation centre in Vancouver during
W.W. II.
David J. S. Smith, BA, a commerce
teacher in Port Alberni, is the author of
a new book to be issued in the Department of Education's commerce curriculum. "The Citizens' Business" has been
approved by the Department, and will be
issued to all students in the General
Business 12 course in B.C.
1945
Fred D. Cook, BSA MSA'47, PhD
(Edin.) and Douglas C. Gillespie, BSA
'48, MSA'51, PhD(U. West Res.), were
two of the three co-discoverers of a new
potent antibiotic called Myxin. The discovery is the culmination of three years
of research by a team of three doctors,
and has already been found to prevent
the growth of thirty-four species of bacteria, 49 species of fungi, and 12 species
of yeast.
Burton Kurth, BA, associate professor
of English at the University of Victoria,
has been granted a Canada Council
scholarship to study English renaissance
literature in California.
Walter J. Williams, BA, has been appointed chief selection officer for the
B.C. Civil Service Commission. He is
the Commission's former co-ordinator of
accident prevention.
1946
William P. T. McGhee, BA, BSF'47,
chief forester for Crown Zellerbach since
1964, has been appointed woods manager of interior operations for that firm.
Mr. McGhee has been associated with
the forest industry for twenty years. In
his new position he will be based in
Kelowna.
George W. McLeod, BASc, has been
appointed resident engineer at the Rayo-
nier Canada (B.C.) Ltd. kraft mill at
Woodfibre. Mr. McLeod spent several
years in the pulp and paper industry on
the west coast as a resident engineer.
1947
Basil McDonnell, BASc, MASc'48, is
the new superintendent of development
in the chemical and fertilizer division of
COMINCO, Trail, B.C. He has been
associated with the firm in various
positions since 1948.
Donovan F. Miller, BCom, has been
promoted  from  his  present position  as
executive assistant to the president of
the Canadian Fishing Company to that
of President and General manager. Mr.
Miller is a member of the Senate and
the Board of Governors of UBC.
1948
J. B. (Jack) Brown, BCom, was the
unanimous choice of the Board of Directors of the Riverside Community Hospital, Riverside California, as administrator for the hospital. Mr. Brown has been
at Riverside hospital since 1963 as
assistant administrator.
Emerson H. Gennis, BCom, has resigned as production manager of the
fresh and frozen fish division of B.C.
Packers to head a new fishing company
on the Atlantic coast. The new company
is being formed by the Atlantic Sugar
Refineries Ltd., and will operate a fleet
of stern trawlers on the east coast. Mr.
Gennis, Alumni Association director for
a time in 1961, has been in Toronto
since January working on the formation
of the company.
William C. Leith, BASc, MASc'49,
PhD(McGill) has been elected to full
membership in the Society of Sigma Xi,
in recognition of his research into cavitation damage of materials. Sigma Xi is an
international professional organization
dedicated to the encouragement of original investigation in pure and applied
science. Dr. Leith is the consulting engineer and scientific co-ordinator and
adviser for the energy section of the
"Man and Resources" exhibition for
Expo '67.
Alan M. Murray, BA, comptroller for
COMINCO, was appointed Director, Finance, in May. Mr. Murray has been
with COMINCO since 1953.
S. B. (Sig) Peterson, BSA, is the B.C.
Department of Agriculture's new director
of development and extension, succeeding Gordon L. Landon, BSA'23, whose
retirement the Chronicle announced in
its last issue. Mr. Peterson has been with
the BCDA since 1948, first as district
agriculturalist in Creston and Courtenay,
and then as supervisor of 4-H Clubs in
the department.
WE WOULD LIKE
TO SELL YOUR HOUSE!
Now's the time to get your house on the
market. We specialize in personalized
service. 30 competent sales personnel to
assist   you.   Call   for   Professional   Service.
Call MU 3-8411 (24-hour service)
Head Office: 930 Pender St. W.
North  Shore  Office:   Park   Royal
Member  Vancouver  and  New Westminster
Real   Estate   Boards
W. E. Barnes,
PhD'50
Wilfred E. Barnes, PhD, has been appointed head of the department of
mathematics at the Iowa State University
of Science and Technology. He had been
a member of faculty at Washington
State University since 1954, latterly as
professor of mathematics.
1949
Earl W. Beninger, BCom, was recently
appointed resident systems representative for Systems Equipment Ltd., in
Sudbury, Ontario.
Murray D. Bryce, BA, is the author of
the first book, so the publishers claim, to
be completely devoted to describing
methods and policies for industrial development. Its title is just that, "Policies
and Methods for Industrial Development." Mr. Bryce, now a director of his
own firm, Projects International Inc.,
was at one time an industrial projects
analyst with the World Bank.
R. Harold Carlyle, BASc, has been
appointed to the position of Calgary
Zone Exploration manager for British
American Oil Co. Ltd. He had been
manager-geophysics for BA since  1957.
George M. Greer, BA, LLB'61, has
been appointed secretary of Columbia
Cellulose Co. Ltd. Following an association with a Vancouver law firm, Mr.
Greer joined Columbia Cellulose in
1962. He is a member of the Law
Society of B.C. and the Canadian Bar
Association.
Terence Hall, BCom, has been officially named superintendent for the
Canadian Pacific Railway in Regina. Mr.
Hall has been with the CPR since 1939,
and had latterly been acting superintendent at Regina.
Allan D. McEachern, BA, LLB'50,
was recently named first vice-president
of the Canadian Football League. Mr.
McEachern was the law degree representative for the Alumni Association for
1960-61.
Edward R. Peck, BCom, was recently
appointed general manager of both
Peace Power Constructors and Columbia
Hydro Constructors Ltd. The two organizations represent B.C. Hydro and Power
Authority on the Peace Power Project
and the Columbia Treaty Dams.
Dr.   Ernest   Peters,   BASc,   MASc*51,
PHOTO-OFFSET PRINTING
PRICE LISTS
ILLUSTRATED BULLETINS
MACHINE ADDRESSING
AND MAILING
BEXWELL-ATKLXS
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1191  Richards Street     MU 1-3448
"40 Years' Experience"
38 PhD'56, has been awarded a COMINCO
grant of $16,900 to further basic research
in the extraction of metal from sulphide
ores. Dr. Peters said he will investigate
the way in which sulphide ores are
chemically attacked by solutions of
reagents.
Stuart B. Smith, BA, MA'53, is the
new director of the fish and wildlife
division of the Alberta Department of
Lands and Forests. Mr. Smith has previously been chief of fisheries management for British Columbia.
Eleanor M. Sortome, BHE, director of
dietetics, Royal Victoria Hospital, Montreal,  has  been  elected president of the
Corporation of Dietitians of Quebec.
1950
Albert R. Cox, BA, MD'54, was one
of two Canadian doctors awarded a
$50,000 scholarship by the Canadian
Life Insurance Association to continue
his heart research. At Present Dr. Cox is
working on four special projects at UBC.
One involves the recording of electrical
activity of single heart cells to discover
their reaction to various drugs; another
is the evaluation of new teaching methods for medical students, and two deal
with the effects of exercise on the heart.
New senior district magistrate for the
East Kootenay Region is David Lunn,
LLB, president of the Rossland-Trail
Bar Association.
James A. Maclnnes, BASc, employed
with B.C. Telephone Co. for the past
sixteen years, has been appointed Director of Public Relations for the company.
Prior to this appointment he had been
coastal division engineering and construction manager.
Donald H. MacKay, BASc, recently
took over office as the new chief technical services officer at the RCAF Station,
Greenwood, N.S. Since 1963 Wing Commander MacKay had been at Maritime
Air Command Headquarters, serving as
staff officer, aeronautical engineering.
Hugh F. Ross, BA, hospital administrator for the new Richmond General
Hospital, gave approval recently to the
opening of the hospital and admittance
of its first patients. The 132 bed hospital
expects to have 3,000 patients per year.
N. Hume McLennan, BA, has been
appointed to the position of district
manager for the Vancouver area of
United Investment Services Ltd.
Gordon A. Saunders, BA, has joined
the staff of the University of Saskatchewan as assistant director of alumni
affairs. In this position he will assist the
director with planning and management
of the university alumni relations program, which includes executive assistance for volunteer alumni groups at
the university.
1952
John R. (Jack) Cameron, BA, MA'60,
has   been   awarded   a   $3,600   Alberta
Dissertation Fellowship for continued
work on his PhD thesis. He is presently
investigating the English usage of educated Canadians.
Trevor L. Horsely, BASc, mine superintendent for Cassiar Asbestos Corporation, has been appointed manager of
exploration and development for Con-
west Exploration Co. Ltd., with headquarters in Toronto.
Donald J. Hudson, BA, has assumed
the position of merchandise manager for
the central division of T. Eaton Co.
Ltd. In his new position he will direct
all buying, promotion and inventory
control activities for the division in
Ontario.
Milla Andrew, BA (Mrs. Seva Koyan-
der) was one of the leading singers at a
recent production of Die Fledermaus
presented by the Sadler's Wells Opera
Company in London. She was given a
lead role in the opera, after a successful
stand-in as understudy in an earlier
production of Madama Butterfly.
Kenneth C. Lucas, BASc, has been
posted as director of the new resource
development service of the federal
Fisheries Department. This new service
will be responsible for measures to
maintain and increase stocks of fish, and
will carry out expanded programs associated with the previous fish culture
development branch.
Douglas G. Reid, BA, has been appointed staff services manager for B.C.
Hydro's metropolitan region. He will be
responsible for personnel administration,
labour relations and training programs
for Hydro employees in the Vancouver
and adjacent coastal regions.
1953
Rev. Robert D. MacRae, BA, BSW'59,
MSW'62, rector of the parish of West-
syde, Kamloops since 1962, has taken
over duties as assistant secretary of the
Department of Social Service of the
Anglican Church of Canada.
Arthur Phillips, BCom, has been appointed to the board of directors of
Pemberton Securities Ltd. He will continue as president of Phillips, Hager
and North.
1954
Alex D. Burton, BA, formerly geological supervisor for Noranda Exploration Co. Ltd., has moved to take up the
directorship of exploration and development for BrenMac Mines Ltd.
Gerard Duclos, BCom, New Brunswick's deputy minister of labour, has
been appointed director-general of manpower services in the proposed federal
manpower department.
1955
Robert Affleck, BASc, is now assistant
technical superintendent for Prince
George Pulp and Paper Limited.
Gordon A.  Elliott,  BCom,  divisional
R. H. (Bob) LEE B.Com.
Commercial Properties
562 Burrard St.
Phones 682-1474    Re«. 987-7280
personnel manager for the western division of T. Eaton Co. in Winnipeg has
moved to Vancouver to take up the same
duties here for the Pacific division. Mr.
Elliott had been the Alumni Association
branch contact in Winnipeg.
Allan G. Leinweber, BCom, a member
of the teaching staff of the W.E. Hay
Composite School at Stettler, Alberta,
was recently granted his BEd from the
University of Alberta.
G. R.
Matthews,
LLB'55
G.  Richard  Matthews,  LLB,   is  now
assistant secretary of Columbia Cellulose Co. Ltd. He joined the firm in 1964
as property manager.
1956
Dr. Donald J. Henderson, BA, PhD
(Utah), has been awarded a $7,000 Sloan
Research Fellowship for research into
the theory of liquids and dense gases.
He will begin his work this September
at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization in Melbourne, Australia.
Phillips,
Hager
& North Ltd.
INVESTMENT   COUNSELLORS
744 West Hastings Street
Vancouver 1, B.C.
Telephone: 684-4361
You realize a
substantial
saving because of our
direct   importing   from
the  diamond
centres  of
the  world.
FIRBANKS
DIAMOND MERCHANTS
599 Seymour Street
Brentwood Shopping Centre and
Park Royal Shopping Centre
39 Gordon A.
Thorn,
B'Com'56
Gordon A. Thorn, BCom, MBA(Mary-
land) has been appointed vice-principal,
Evening Classes at the British Columbia
Institute of Technology. Mr. Thorn has
served the University and the Alumni
Association during the past four years,
first as Assistant Director of the Alumni
Association, and most recently as Director of Alumni Annual Giving. Prior to
his association with the University he
was employed by Imperial Oil Ltd. Mr.
Thorn is a member of the Chronicle's
Editorial Committee, and is also working
with the Association as Reunion Chairman, Commerce '56. He is a member
of the District VIII Executive of the
American Alumni Council.
1957
Trevor R. Bagot, BASc, has joined
CLM Industries as Vancouver district
manager. Prior to joining CLM Industries Mr. Bagot was involved in the
electrical industry in eastern Canada for
several years.
John R. Longstaffe, BA, LLB'58, is a
member of the 1966-67 executive of the
Vancouver Art Gallery.
Alexander (Sandy) Ross, BA, story
editor of CBC's "This Hour Has Seven
Days" has been appointed managing
editor of Maclean's magazine. Mr. Ross
joined the Vancouver Sun in 1960, and
in 1963 was appointed staff writer for
Maclean's. He went to CBC TV in 1965,
while continuing to write for Maclean's.
1958
Bruno F. Gandossi, BA, has been
promoted to the position of supervisor,
merchandising, in the Vancouver office
of Texaco Canada Limited. He has been
with the firm since 1962.
Bryan E. Husband, BCom, BLS'64,
librarian in charge of reference services
for the Vancouver Island regional
library, has been appointed assistant
librarian reference at Royal Roads Canadian Services College in Victoria.
1959
John M. Cashore, BA, is the new
minister of East Trail United Church.
He had been serving at the United
Church of Canada Mission at Port
Simpson for the past four years.
A. J. Stewart Smith, BA, MSc'61, was
awarded a post-doctoral fellowship for
research studies into nuclear physics
with the Deutsches Elektronen Synchro-
ton of Hamburg, Germany. He is specializing in fundamental nuclear theory.
Ian D. Wallis, BSW, MSW'60, writes
us that he has been appointed superintendent of the Ontario Department of
Health's new Adult Occupational Centre
at Edgar, Ontario. The centre is a rehabilitation unit and sheltered community
for mentally retarded adults, and as
such is an entirely new concept in training mental retardates. Mr. Wallis had
previously been Adult Program Director
at the Ontario Hospital School in Orillia.
1960
Ronald Graves, BEd, has been appointed principal of 100 Mile House
High School, a promotion from the position of vice-principal.
Glyn M. Jones, BEd, MEd'63, will
attend a special seminar at Stanford
University under a Shell Merit Fellowship from lune 20 to August 13. Mr.
Jones was one of four teachers from
Western Canada chosen for outstanding
merit and leadership qualities.
J. Donald Jones, BA, has been appointed to the physics department of
West Kootenay College, effective August
15.
1961
Sidney M. Shakespeare, BA, was recently named to the post of Lady-in-
Waiting to Her Excellency Madame
Vanier. Miss Shakespeare had previously
been with the Canadian Government
Travel Bureau, where she was special
assistant to the director.
Robert C. Stuart, BCom, who is presently studying at Moscow University,
has been awarded a Canada Council
fellowship for study of Russian agricultural economics.
1962
Dean E. Feltham, BCom, LLB'65, is
now senior analyst of the Ontario division of British American Oil Co. Ltd.
Prior to this appointment he had been
intermediate analyst in the planning
section of the marketing department of
the company at their head office. Dean
was the first winner of the Alumni
Student Merit Award.
Glenys M. Parry, BA, MA(Smith) has
been awarded a $2,500 Canada Council
award for graduate studies.
Stuart T. Robson, BA, a Rhodes
Scholar, is to be an assistant professor
of history at Trent University, Peterborough, Ontario. Since his graduation
at UBC he has been doing postgraduate
work at Oxford, England.
1963
John V. Hicks, BPE, a teacher in
North Vancouver, was awarded a $2,000
scholarship from the National Advisory
Council on Fitness and Amateur Sport.
He plans to begin studies toward his
/
Out of this door walk
the  best dressed men
in Vancouver.
565   HOWE STREET
A. E. Ames & Co.
A. E. Ames & Co.
Limited
Members
Government of Canada Bonds
Toronto Stock Exchange
Provincial and Municipal
Montreal Stock Exchange
Bonda and Debentures
Canadian Stock Exchange
Corporation Securities
Vancouver Stock Exchange
Business Established 1889
626 West Pender Street, Vancouver—Mutual 1-7521
Offices in principal Canadian Cities, New York, London and Paris
40 master's   degree   at   the   University   of
Oregon in September.
Zenna Ann Jones, (Now Mrs. J.
Latham) BSc, writes us from Calabar,
Eastern Nigeria, where she is teaching
biology at a girls' school. She says "the
system of education and methods are
decidedly different from those in B.C.
schools."
Wayne M. Osborne, BCom, formerly
labour relations assistant in the Hilton
Works of the Steel Company of Canada,
has been promoted to Industrial relations assistant at the general office of
the company, Hamilton, Ontario.
Felix Sannes, BSc, has been awarded a
fellowship to McGill University, through
an aid-to-education grant from Canadian
Kodak Co. Limited. The fellowship is
one of four awards to permit students to
devote full time and effort to their
research problems.
1964
John P. Farmer, MA, is now assistant
executive director of the Canadian Highway Safety Council. He is a past president of the Junior Chamber of Commerce of Canada, and a registered
professional engineer in Ontario.
Virginia Ritchie, (Now Mrs. Hunter),
MA, who is working towards her doctorate at Bryn Mawr College, has been
awarded a fellowship in Greek at that
college.
Adam Mitchell, BEd, is the new vice-
principal   of   100   Mile   House   Senior
Secondary School.
John B. Price, BSA, who has served
with the B.C. Department of Agriculture
at Kelowna for the past two years, has
been appointed horticuituralist for the
Oliver-Osoyoos area.
Michael L.
Wayman,
BASc'63
Michael L. Wayman, BASc, is now
at Cambridge University, England, on a
two-year post-graduate fellowship from
Shell Canada Limited to continue his
studies towards his doctorate. Michael
was a Norman McKenzie Alumni Scholarship winner in 1961.
John D. Read, BA, was awarded a
$2,500 Canada Council pre-doctorial
scholarship for study at Kansas State
University.
Two CUSO volunteers, Mr. and Mrs.
James R. Ward, BSA'64, are returning to
India, after a holiday at home, to continue their volunteer work in 20 Indian
villages. Jim is an agriculturalist, and
Sheila (nee Brown, BSN'63), is a nurse.
The Wards have spent two years in India
and are returning for a further two-year
period of service.
1965
David M. Ablett, BA, has been named
winner of The Vancouver Sun scholarship for graduate studies in journalism
at Columbia University, New York.
Dave worked on the Ubyssey for three
years while attending UBC, and is now
a reporter for The Vancouver Sun.
William D. S. Earle, BCom, has been
hired by the Greater Vancouver Visitors
and Convention Bureau to help run the
bureau's expanding convention business.
Mr. Earle, as assistant manager of the
convention department will be in charge
of assisting organizations plan their conventions in the Vancouver area.
Bruce McKnight, BASc, has been
granted a $3,500 scholarship from Berkeley University in California.
C. N. (Nick) Crawford, BCom, has
been appointed manager of Klondike
Helicopters Ltd. in Whitehorse. Prior to
joining Klondike he had been associated
with Pacific Helicopters for four years.
Patricia Smith, BA, has been awarded
the British Commonwealth Fellowship
to sludy at Somerville College, Oxford
University, England. The fellowship is
an award of $2,500 each year for two
years, and includes travelling expenses,
tuition and living expenses.
The Player's Jacket—fashioned by BANTAMAC in Terylene', a Cel-Cil fibre.     "Reg'd. Can. T.M.
Come on over to smoothness
with no letdown in taste
Come on over to
New
Player's
Kings
EVERGREEN PRESS
LIMITED
PRINTING    LITHOGRAPHY
BOOKBINDING
CONTINUOUS FORMS
& CARBON READY SETS
BUSINESS SYSTEMS
EQUIPMENT
325-2231
1070 S.E. Marine Drive, Vancouver
41 Births
MR.   and   MRS.   JOHN   L.   ADAMS,   BSF'62,
MF'65(California) (nee joyce pettit,
BEd'61) a son, Robert John, February
27,  1966 in Winnipeg, Manitoba.
MR. and MRS. KANDULA V. S. REDDY, MASc
'63, a son, Ramu, August 12, 1965 in
Kitchener, Ontario.
Marriages
bettendorf-jamieson.  Thomas   Bctten-
dorf to Jill Ann Jamieson, BA'64, in
Huntsville, Alabama.
bjornson-hembling. Bjorn Bjornson, BA
'63 to Verna Lynn Hembling, April 2,
1966 in Vancouver.
callender-mckinnell. Graham  Callen-
der   to   Rosemary   Susan   McKinnell,
BEd'63, April 9, 1966 in Alberni.
dawson-kester. Garnet A. Dawson, BSA
'63   to Judith  A.  Kester,  August  28,
1965 in Oshkosh, Wisconsin.
dixon-rodney.    Bryan    Arthur    Dixon,
BASc'65, to Sharon Ann Rodney,
BSN'65 April 30, 1966 in North
Vancouver.
foster-carroll. John Foster to Theodora Carroll, BCom'60, LLB'61, December 11,  1965 in Montreal.
griffiths-wood. Brian Griffiths, BMus
'65 to Diana Wood, February 18, 1966
in Vancouver.
hargest-finlay. Michael Hargest to Ann
H. Finlay, BA'55, BSW'58, April 23,
1966 in Twickenham, England.
house-cave.    John    Russell    House    to
Donna Mary Cave, BA'65, April 11,
1966 in Vancouver.
mcdiarmid-perkins. David S. McDiarmid
BCom'65 to Joan Perkins, BEd'64,
July 1965 in Vancouver.
macrae-owen. Graeme King Macrae to
Linda Ruth Owen, BA'65, May 7,
1966 in West Vancouver.
mcrae-siddall. William Allan McRae,
BSc'65 to Jean Siddall, BA'65, March
1966 in Geneva, Switzerland.
mcginnis-gregory. Brig. John Archibald
McGinnis to Elizabeth Gregory, BA
'58, March 25, 1966 in Toronto,
Ontario.
renwick-walmsley. Robert James Ren-
wick, BSc'63 to Carol Elizabeth
Walmsley, April 16, 1966 in Vancouver.
ralout-lapointe-warkentin. Dean Phil-
lippe  Ralout-Lapointe  to  Ruth  War-
kentin, BSP'58, March 5, 1966 in
Vancouver.
rhodes-buckham. Harold James Rhodes,
BA'65 to Brenda Jean Buckham, BSC
'65, May 16,  1966 in Vancouver.
sankey-cannon. Neville Vernon Sankey,
BSc'65 to Donna Cannon, May 6,
1966, in Vancouver.
smith-askeland. A. J. Stewart Smith,
BA'59, MSc'61, to Norma Askeland,
May 6, 1966 in New York.
taylor-kennedy. Gerald David Taylor,
BSc'63 to Lynne Janneen Kennedy,
May 7, 1966 in Brandon, Manitoba.
vopni-mcdermott. Richard Vopni to
Valerie Ann McDermott, BEd'63, September 25,  1965 in Vancouver.
Deaths
1919
William G. Sutcliffe, BA. January 4,
1966 in Cambden, Maine, U.S.A.
Owen J. Thomas, an original member
of Convocation, and a teacher and administrator in the Vancouver school
system for forty-four years, April 23,
1966 in Vancouver. The year before his
retirement, the B.C. Teachers' Federation awarded him the Fergusson Memorial Award, given to the person teachers
believe contributed the most to education. He later lectured at UBC in
secondary education. He is survived by
his wife and son.
1924
Gordon A. Lewis, BA, late of Oil
Springs, Ontario, a practising physician
since 1930, March 26, in Toronto. He is
survived by his wife, a son and two
daughters.
Flowers and Gifts for All Occasions
816 Howe Street, Vancouver 1, B.C.
MUtual 3-2347
Write or Phone
THE UNIVERSITY BOOK STORE
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
BOOKS
Text
Trade
Medical
Technical
Hard Back
Paper Back
1928
Robert M. Petrie, BA, MA, PhD (U.
Mich) Dominion astronomer and director of the Dominion astro-physical observatory in Victoria, April 9 in Victoria.
He was responsible for the radio telescope at Penticton, and the new $10,000
telescope to be built in southern Alberta
or British Columbia. He is survived by
his wife, one daughter and one son.
1948
J. B. De Long, LLD, April 7, 1966 at
Deep Cove, B.C. Dr. Delong was for
many years a school inspector for the
Provincial Department of Education before his retirement in 1946. In 1948
UBC conferred on him an honorary
doctorate of laws. He is survived by his
wife and two daughters.
Are You Well Fed? Well Clothed?
Well Housed?
Will you help us to help those who
are not?
For over 50 Years Central
City    Mission    has    served
Vancouver's Skid Row.
Please consider the Mission when
advising on bequests, making charitable  donations, discarding a suit
or a pair of shoes.
CENTRAL  CITY   MISSION
233 Abbott St. 681-3348 - 684-4367
PITMAN BUSINESS
COLLEGE
" Vancou ver's   Leading
Business College"
Secretarial Training,
Stenography,
Accounting, Dictaphone
Typewriting, Comptometer
Individual Instruction
ENROL AT ANY TIME
Broadway and Granville
VANCOUVER  9,  B.C.
Telephone: RE gent 8-7848
MRS. A. S. KANCS, P.C.T., G.C.T.
PRINCIPAL
Largest fabric store on Canada's West
Coast—direct imports of fashion fabrics from around the world and a
complete home furnishings department. Custom made drapes, bedspreads, slipcovers and re-upholstery.
GOLDS
Your Fastis Fabric Centre
2690 Granville St., Cor.   11th Ave.
(one store only)
Free Parking Phone 736-4565
Discount cards for Fashion Fabrics
available to U.B.C. students
42 This is T.C.S.
lo words or pictures can fully describe all that goes on at this famous
boarding school in the country. Because
it goes on within a boy.
Your son, perhaps. You may not
notice the change at first. But underneath you will find that his associations
here—among his T.C.S. companions
and especially with the masters—are
introducing him in a practical way to
the values of goodness, truth, honour,
loyalty, self-control and hard work.
On the playing field and in the classroom, T.C.S. stresses character development within a disciplined community.
A boy learns to think . . . and to act
accordingly.
This is indeed a school for "the whole
boy". And the time to take up residence is in the formative years—Boulden
House for younger boys starts with
Grade 6.
If you are interested, or would like to
have an informative brochure on
T.C.S., write to the Headmaster,
Angus C. Scott, M.A.
l.i/.D.
Trinity College School, Port Hope, Ontario • A distinctively Canadian school sincel865. Return Postage Guaranteed
Tt,
our cit^-country look
For a cool Summer on the move, the look you need is
crisp and fresh. The crispness is Arnel in striped seersucker . . . the freshness is the cool blend of Arnel and
»qT  hi^innv  innii- rayon to breeze you through hot Summer days at home
Ig j a   tetT^  *** IRE tor on toga.^ghe Bay shows you just four cosmopolitan
V4hCCJUBo PK*Y   fashion ways to travel in seefsucker. Sizes 12-18.
C¥eF  8  B  C Each $45
New now in the Bay Mirror Room, third floor
^fa

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