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UBC Alumni Chronicle Jun 30, 1970

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We're making plans for a summer 71 UBC Alumni Association
charter flight to Europe... to complete arrangements we need
to know the preferences of our intrepid alumni travellers... so
if you'd like to come fly with us complete the questionnaire
below and return it to the ...   UBC Alumni Association
Charter Flight Program
6251 NW Marine Drive
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Summer 71 UBC Alumni Charter to Europe
would prefer
London ($261 - $315)
Amsterdam ($265 - $326)	
3 weeks       ,4 weeks ,5 weeks	
(approximate) note 1st and 2nd choice
May 15 , June 15 , July 15 , August 15
Phone:  Degree/Year
o ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Keith Bradbury
Tom Wayman
Frank Davey
The Fraternity Struggle For Survival
The Message of George Bowering
Close-up On People
President's Message T. Barrie Lindsay
Clive Cocking
Clive Cocking
EDITOR    Clive Cocking,  BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER     Marv Ferg
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE     Elizabeth Spencer Associates
indid    camera
i  King.
Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, chairman, Frank C. Walden, BA'49, past
chairman, Miss Kirsten Emmott, Med I, Michael W. Hunter, BA'63,
LLB'67, Dr. Joseph Katz, BA MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago), Peter F.
Ladner, Arts 4, Fred H. Moonen, BA'40, Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48,
BA'49, Jack K. Stathers, BA'55, MA'58, Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc, MSc
(Man.), PhD (Princeton), Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51.
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W.
Marine  Dr.,  U.B.C,  Vancouver 8,   B.C.
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is self to all alumni of the university.
Non-alumni  subscriptions  are available at $3 a  /ear.
Postage  paid  at the Third  Class  rate.   Permit  No. 2067.  Return  Postage  Guaranteed
Member American Alumni Council.
Keith Bradbury
Hugh Foulds LAST STAND
The Fraternity Struggle For Survival
your list of things that just
aren't like they used to be, you can
add fraternities. The Greeks have hit
upon hard, hard times in the hip
generation. And their influence is
failing fast, politically, socially and in
almost every other way at UBC.
It all has something to do with the
trend to "doing your own thing."
Where it was once a bit of a status
symbol—perhaps more so in the U.S.
than at UBC—to be a fraternity
member, todays' students don't feel
they need the Greek way. In fact,
many look on fraternities as embodying a lot of the very values they want
to eradicate. And that is causing
problems for Frat Row.
At present, fraternity membership
is dropping each year as a percentage
of the student body. In other words,
total fraternity membership is stagnant, while the campus population
grows at a furious rate. Financial
troubles have also developed for
some fraternities in recent years.
Four UBC fraternities are currently
behind in the lease-rent they have to
pay the UBC Endowment Lands for
their house sites. And at least one of
these is in danger of having to close
up altogether.
Of course, fraternities were never
as strong at UBC as they became at
some universities in the U.S. Down
south, the fraternity membership occasionally included as many as 80 per
cent of the male students at a university. Even in their best years, fraternities at UBC could claim only a
small fraction of the campus males
for their membership—yet there
were times when they had influence
far beyond their numbers.
A Ubyssey editor from the Forties
says it was then that fraternities were
at the zenith of their power at UBC.
"They were the most powerful political organization on the campus and
they dominated the student council.
But they were also all-pervading socially. Mardi Gras was the social
event of the year—and everybody
went. They even had such power that
they took over the old auditorium
cafeteria—sort of by squatters' rights.
Each fraternity and sorority adopted
a table for itself—and unsuspecting
students who happened to sit down
at a fraternity table were frequently
intimidated into leaving. You had to
be a member of the frat to sit at the
It's not too surprising in a day
when elitist institutions are under attack throughout society, that fraternities don't have that kind of power
on the campus today. It's hard to
imagine one of today's students being
intimidated by a fraternity's squatters
rights. But the fraternities' loss of
power is political and social as much
as anything else.
Even in the early 1960's, the fraternities or at least fraternity members—still dominated student council. But current AMS president Tony
Hodge, when asked, couldn't think of
a single fraternity member on the
present: council. "It's something that
just doesn't come up anymore," says
Hodge., who once rushed a fraternity
and then quit. Socially, much the
same situation exists. If Mardi Gras,
the all-fraternity sponsored dance—
was ever the campus social event it
has lost its dominance in recent
years. This year, the dance attracted
only 800 students, compared to
crowds of 2,000 and more in past
years. 'People here just don't think
about fraternities any more," says
Fraternity officials say that this is
only a temporary setback and that
fraternity membership will take an
upswing again in the near future. But
one who has his doubts is a UBC
assistant professor of Commerce, Dr.
Vance Mitchell, who says "fraternities are dying, not just here but all
over America." He contends that
fraternities   are   an   organizational We're going through
the normal cycle—
like the stock market.
I'd say we're at the low
point and any moment
will start going up.
form that is just not meeting the
needs of today's students.
To back him up, Mitchell has the
research that he and a colleague did
about a year ago on student attitudes
at UBC. One of the main findings
was that a majority—56 per cent—
of the students feel that fraternities
would have no place at all at their
"ideal" university. At the same time,
the study results showed that fraternities don't figure in any meaningful
way in the topics discussed by students.
Says Mitchell, "I am a fraternity
man—and I went through a lot of
crap to become one. I was sent out to
count the bricks on the university
plaza, and I had to spend a night
alone in a country graveyard. It was a
big status symbol then to be a fraternity man, but the kids today are turning away from this sort of thing."
During this past winter, there were
between 600 and 700 students in the
15 UBC fraternities. That's the same
number that have been in the system
for the past five years. If that sounds
like fraternities are managing to hold
their own, bear in mind that during
those five years, the student population has grown by thousands. In fact,
the fraternity system has a steadily
diminishing percentage of the student
body within its ranks.
The fraternity in the most financial
trouble is Zeta Beta Tau. In April, its
situation was so bad that consideration was being given to closing the
doors. The other three fraternities
behind with their rent were not in
such bad financial shape—and there
was no indication that they would not
recover. One, Delta Upsilon, blamed
its problems on temporary things like
being late getting into its new house
—and the resultant loss of rents from
student residents.
According to John Macgowan, the
outgoing president of the Inter Fraternity Council, the line between
breaking even and losing money is
often the rent that the fraternities
must pay for the land on which their
houses are situated. This he says, is
from $1,500 to $2,000 a year. So the
fraternities hope to have this
dropped. They point out that fully
half of the beds in fraternity houses
are rented out to non-fraternity students—and that the fraternities are
providing a valuable service to the
university in making available badly-
needed housing accommodation for
students. They feel that since the uni
versity   dorms  don't  have  to   pay
lease-rent, neither should they.
But hanging over all the fraternities is the realization that students
are staying away from Frat Row in
droves. If fraternities are not "relevant" to today's students, its not from
an unwillingness to change with the
times. Just a few years ago, the fraternities were dominated by clean-
cut short-cropped kids in button-
down shirts. They could have stepped into junior executive jobs downtown without even a change of
clothes. Today, the fraternities, like
the rest of the campus have their
share of the shaggy, long-haired kids
of the new generation. And as one
contemporary fraternity member
says, "when marijuana first hit the
campus, there was more of it on Frat
Row than anywhere else. Two years
ago, the RCMP were going to bust
half of Frat Row for pot. But use has
tapered off now." What may be
missing most is an image for the
The activities of the members remain largely the traditional ones.
Social events—read parties, wild and
otherwise—and just socializing are
still major activities. Many fraternities participate in intra-mural sports
events. The Greeks also involve
themselves in a variety of charitable
endeavors. For instance, Mardi Gras,
despite the lagging dance attendance,
still managed to raise $10,000 for
charity this year. As it did last year,
the money went to the B.C. Paraplegics Association to help.in the building of a half-way house. Individual
fraternities have also given Christmas parties for underprivileged
children, worked in downtown boys
clubs and involved themselves in
such tasks on the campus as reading
to blind students.
Says Macgowan, "It is the way it's
always been—the fraternities are a
cross-section of the campus. The
members are still individuals in their
own right." Macgowan faults the
fraternities themselves for their failure to increase membership, saying
members are not getting out and telling the rest of the campus what fraternities are all about. Yet, he admits
there are big problems to overcome.
UBC's traditional apathy—and its
particular apathy toward fraternities—is a major one.
But there has been a new element
added. "Being connected with any
group  is  not  'in'," explains  Mac- Fraternities are dying,
not just here,
but all over America.
gowan. "This feeling has hit the AMS
as well; they are having difficulty
getting people for committees and
clubs. Even in Engineering this has
happened. When I was first on campus you could count on getting 99 per
cent of the engineers out for any
given event, but now you're lucky to
get 50 per cent."
A survey done by the IFC, however, turned up some other interesting reasons as to why students aren't
joining fraternities. Number one
among them was the cost—$ 120 to
$150 a year for the first three years
of membership. Following that was
the notion that fraternity members
have to "live-in" at the fraternity
house—a situation that is common in
the U.S. but which is not in effect at
UBC. Third was the feeling of many
students that they "just do not need
The survey also turned up continued existence of what Macgowan
calls a lot of "outright fallacies"
about fraternities. Biggest among
them was the idea that fraternities
are guilty of racial discrimination—
even though UBC fraternities in
1967 officially assured the administration that they were not discriminating. Many students contended
that joining a fraternity amounted to
"buying your friends." Others objected to the hazing—even though,
according to Macgowan, only two or
three of the campus chapters now
indulge in hazing of any kind.
"There's next to no hazing now—
not like in the 1920's. Today hazing
might be something like making a
pledge to go get coffee for the
Prof. Mitchell concluded that the
time required for fraternity activities
is probably also a big factor keeping
today's students out. "Our study
showed that a large percentage of
UBC students are self-supporting—
41 per cent of them work part-time,
for instance, to be able to come to
school—and I would infer from this
that they don't have either the time
or interest to join fraternities.
During the past year, the fraternity council made its first serious effort to communicate with the rest of
the campus. To get its message
across, it started its own newspaper,
called The Rho, which appeared five
times during the session. After an
initial issue devoted to publicizing
the merits of the fraternities, it attempted to become a kind of second
Ubyssey—filling most of its columns
with general campus news. Capitalizing on official discontent with The
Ubyssey, The Rho will have AMS
backing for next year and thus a
continued existence.
Macgowan, however, anticipates
that fraternity members themselves
will have to work at spreading the
message if fraternity membership is
to take an upswing again. "We're just
going through the normal cycle—like
the stock market. We have our ups
and downs. Right now we are down.
In fact I'd say we're at the low point
and at any moment will start going
up. What will increase membership
in future is if the individual members
will get out and sell fraternities." If
they don't? "Then, they'll probably
lose three or four frats over the next
three or four years. There'll be an
upswing because the other ones will
get scared and do something about
Yet there are those who feel that
the fraternity problem is a bigger one
than just communication. AMS president Tony Hodge, for instance,
feels they are not serving the purpose
for which they were originally established. This is why they have no
relevance for him.
"Fraternities as originally designed—the original concepts—are
fantastic things; the holding of true
discussions, working with people
like brothers or very close friends
and getting to know them to the point
of having no barriers between you.
These are ideal concepts, but they
have fallen down. And by my definition many of the fraternities we now
have are no longer fraternities. If a
fraternal group is working properly
it should be something like cooperative living—and that's a bit ironic
isn't it."
Yet maybe no one should hasten to
write the obituary of that social organization known as the fraternity.
Most social organizations have a
pretty good ability of adapting to
changing times. And one should
always remember 1838. It was then
that critics of fraternities said the
Greek-letter societies would be dead
within 10 years. That obituary, it
seems, was slightly premature.□
Keith Bradbury, BA'66, LLB'69,
is a reporter for the Vancouver Sun.
He was editor of The Ubyssey in
1962-63. ENGLISH:
Art or Science? Tom Wayman, a young English teacher,
argues the case for a new direction to the
teaching of English in universities.
March over UBC English Department's failure to grant tenure to
two faculty members, the Point Grey
campus was witnessing only the tip of
the iceberg that is the problem of the
North American university English
department today.
Mass meetings of several hundred
students, an Arts faculty teach-in,
petitions of protest signed by thousands of students and dozens of
faculty, and an investigation by a university-wide committee of senior
faculty members at the request of
UBC President Walter H. Gage may
seem like quite an iceberg in itself.
But regardless of the outcome of the
faculty appeals the immense bulk
of what might be termed the English Department Question likely
only will be hinted at in the thousands of words written and spoken
by the time this particular dispute
is resolved.
The root of the English Department Question is, in my opinion, the
question of what it's for. Unless a
department knows why it exists, to
what end it is working, it seems to me
that it can never resolve the teaching
vs. scholarship debate. One faction
in a department can argue endlessly
that it is possible to have both good
teaching and important research occurring in the same department or
in the same professor. Or, a faction
can maintain at great length that
good teaching detracts from good
scholarship, or vice versa. But what
is most important is for English departments to end their current confusion over whether literature is an
art or a science.
"Being made head of an English
department these days," observed
one philosophy professor at a university in Colorado where I taught,
"is like being promoted from second
mate to first mate of the Titanic."
After seven years spent under, in
and around English departments in
Canada and the U.S., I can only conclude his analogy is apt. The Colorado department to which the philosophy professor particularly referred
was in the midst of what was becoming an annual turmoil. That department had shifted with dizzying speed
from an emphasis on teaching English to undergraduates destined either for the farm or Vietnam, to an
emphasis on teaching English as a
second language to that state's large
Mexican - American and Indian
populations, to an emphasis on
scholarship. Each change represented a newly-appointed department head. Faculty and undergraduates had a chance to witness stormy
faculty meetings where contending
factions heaped abuse on one
another, while a continuing barrage
of memos containing charges and
counter-charges were ground off the
departmental mimeograph machine.
At the California university where
I did my graduate work, the chairman's insistence on building a department emphasizing study of the
history of English literary criticism
eventually resulted in the firing of
two popular professors amid an outcry not too different from that raised
recently at UBC. There, however,
students occupied a student-faculty
lounge for almost a week before the
department announced that rational
discussion of the issues was at an end
and decided to send for the local
Nationally in the U.S., an organization of radical faculty members known as the New Universities
Conference has drawn a large part of
its membership from young English
faculty. And it was against the Modern Languages Association, the professional association of North American English professors, that the NUC
first moved. At the MLA's annual
convention and job-swapping session
in December 1968, the NUC managed to disrupt some sessions, get a
few of its members arrested, pass
non-traditional motions (such as one
opposing the Vietnam War) and
generally raise some points about
what is happening in English departments around the continent.
So it is against this background of
continent-wide English Department
Being made head of
an English department
these days is like being
promoted from second
mate to first mate
on the Titanic.
unrest that one can view recent
events at UBC, and have some sympathy for new English head Dr.
Robert Jordan. It must be rather unsettling for him in his first year at
UBC to have been abruptly embroiled in such intense controversy as the
March meetings and petitions revealed. For a while, it must have seemed
that only the timing of events in the
UBC English department was correct. "If only all this hadn't happened so close to final exams," one
student activist was heard to complain. "This could have been the
issue to really shake this university."_
As with many other university
problems today, the English Department Question is partly the result
of rapid growth. For English departments, as such, are relatively recent developments within universities. They originated about the turn
of the century, apparently as a means
to giving that portion of society's
elite who then attended college a
taste of the literary culture of their
mother tongue. Since that time, obviously, the portion of society that
can attend university has widened,
particularly since the Second World
War, and has resulted in rapid expansion of English departments. Yet
there has been no very noticeable
re-thinking of the purposes of English departments to meet these new
For example, sometimes English
faculty members will tell a student
that the purpose of the department is
to preserve and perpetuate the cultural traditions of the English lan-
guage. That is, the department exists
to teach students some of the best
written works in English. But what
this amounts to in practice is that the
student simply is given a list of approved books. Why these particular
books or authors are great is touched
on at best only lightly. It is assumed,
understood, taken for granted that
such-and-such a work is important.
That many in a class cannot relate
to the material is held to be irrelevant
or perhaps due to "poor teaching".
Yet there is little historical evidence for this assumption. A long
poem entitled "The Seasons" by the
pre-Romantic James Thomson, published in 1730, was considered by
the close of the 18th century almost
on par with the works of Shakespeare
and Milton. It was said that copies
were to be found in nearly every English household, rich and poor, and in
every tavern. Yet today Thomson is
known only to serious students of the
Romantic period while William
Wordsworth, whose poetry is no less
dull by and large, is drummed into
every grade school student. Who
made this decision that Wordsworth
is great and Thomson is minor? What
were the criteria used?
A reverse situation applies to the
Elizabethan poet, John Donne. Donne's work was once considered too
uneven to be of much importance.
Then, beginning with Sir Herbert
Grierson's critical edition of Donne's
poems in 1912, Donne has come to
be accepted unquestionably as a
Great. Why? That most professors
do not or will not make clear to their
students the reasons for a work's appearance or non-appearance on the
approved list surely raises some
serious questions about the purpose
of teaching that approved list.
I remember once being on a course
committee for an Introduction to
Poetry course. Myself and another
professor were arguing for the inclusion of a book of modern poems on
the reading list. The opposition to the
modern material was summed up by
a professor who said: "You can teach
these poems because you've studied
them. We haven't, so we can't." This
statement puzzled me until on further discussion I realized that what
he meant was: "You have been
taught which of these poems are important and so are to be taught. No
one has told us that, so we don't know
which poems in this anthology are
approved." In other words, this professor had no confidence in his own
ability to tell whether a poem was
valuable or not in the classroom. He
might be an excellent teacher, an excellent maintainer of English literary culture, but he was lost when it
came to understanding what was valuable in that culture. He needed that
approved list to pass on to his students.
Clearly, it is inadequate for English departments to take as their role
the teaching of an "approved" list of
works without teaching the criteria
for judging these. Should research
then be held as the purpose of an
English department? Pushing out the
boundaries of knowledge, and then
testing the results of such scholarship through publication in a world of
one's scholarly peers is sometimes
held to be part of the task of a university professor of English. But
again one might look to what end
the frontiers of what knowledge are
being pushed back. Anyone who
takes the trouble to check out the
table of contents of a prestigious
journal such as PMLA—the Publications of the Modern Languages
Association—will be astounded at
what grown men and women can
spend their time studying and writing
about. Can the trifling matters dealt
with so often really have any use to
the human community, or assist anyone in their appreciation of a literary
work, or assist any teacher in his
There is fairly obviously a drive
for quantity, not quality, as the result
of the famous "publish or perish" regime in effect in so many departments. In my California graduate
school they had even invented a measure for quantity of English scholarship: book-feet. On display in the
department were the published
works of the faculty. Each faculty
member had his own shelf in a bookcase. The chairman, of course, had
more book-feet than anyone; the
widths of the bindings of the literary
anthologies he had edited, critical
tomes he had written or compiled,
and his creative publications totalled
a good foot-and-a-half longer than
his nearest competitor among the
senior faculty. Junior members of the
department had on their shelves a
mere folder of reprints of their
meager articles which had run in the
various journals. One assistant professor who had managed to get himself included on the editorial committee of a mammoth  (four-inch-
thick) collection of short stories was
the envy of all.
English scholarship must be quality work if it is to be worthwhile,
obviously, and measured by criteria
that flow out of some determined use
for an English department. But as
things stand today, it is the lack of
such criteria which seems to cause so
much undergraduate dissatisfaction
with English courses. Apparently
lacking any other standards, English
professors have determined to make
a science out of what should be the
art of literature.
Most professors will deny it up
and down, but their students tell you
over and over again that what they
learn mostly from English classes is
how to lie. Professors seem convinced that there is a "right answer"
or a "correct response" to the aspect
of the book or poem or play being
studied, as though what is being examined is a mathematical problem
and not a work of art to which a vast
variety of responses is not only possible but necessary.
In class, students understand,
there is a war on. The professor has
the obvious power, so the only appropriate attitude students can assume is a cunning silence. Years of
conditioning have trained them that
if they venture no opinion they are
further ahead than if they say what
they really feel about the Great Work
under consideration. The foolhardy
in the class act as scouts for the rest
of the class. These brave, or foolish,
souls cautiously probe the professor
by means of guarded statements
while the entire class waits for the
professor to let slip the Truth about
the poem or whatever under discussion. This is a Truth, incidentally,
which the class will believe only until
they are no longer "responsible" for
the material on that particular course.
After that, far from believing what
their professor fondly felt he had
convinced them of, most will never
read again what they have just
"studied". Once having finished a set
of required English courses, many
students will never read anything
The overwhelming effect of the
way the "science" of English is
taught today is to make most of those
exposed to the discipline come to
hate literature with a depth of passion that is sometimes marvelous to
behold. And this hatred is based on
good reason. It often seems that the
professor also detests literature as an
art and probably wouldn't read it
either except that it is his job. I have
never yet met a professor who could
give an intellectual justification for a
"closed book" English exam, where a
student is supposed to discuss intelligently a piece of literary art without
being allowed to have that poem or
play or whatever in front of him—as
though the art were some theorem or
historical fact to be memorized.
The gap between the science of
English as pushed in so many departments and the art of literature is nowhere more visible than when contemporary literature is considered.
Many professors have at best no interest in, and some have a great deal
of fear or contempt for, the problems
and concerns of modern literary
works. One guesses that if the English departments truly were involved
in developing sensitivity to the art
form of literature, then they would
have much that is meaningful to say
to modern practitioners of the art.
And they might well be able to generate interest in students as to what is
happening in the contemporary art
world around them, perhaps even
In my California graduate
school they had even
invented a measure for
quantity of English
scholarship:    book-feet.
Critical and Historical
Macaulay «•!<«<•<«>» i"'**"***'
11 Perhaps future English
departments   should
contain both a department
of literary science and
a department of
literary joy.
creating an informed and responsive
audience for, say, modern poetry.
Instead, locked into the box of
quantity-oriented research, modern
scholarship is dealing with issues that
are light-years away from the issues
of modern poetry.
It appears that the time is overdue
for a rigorous self-examination by
English departments as to what their
purpose and function should be in
Canada in the 1970s. It is also clear
that the English Department Question generates a large amount of uncertainty in departmental faculties,
and one can predict pretty safely that
there will be a succession of incidents
like UBC's eruption occurring everywhere. Student disaffection with English courses make all such events
highly volatile situations. And rather
than use such crises for a repetition
of the apparently endless, and certainly pointless, argument of scholarship vs. teaching, departments could
profitably spend their time listening
to what all their students—not just
professionally-oriented ones — say
about their work.
In my view, there is no solution to
the debate between scholarship and
teaching unless it is clear to what
ends scholarship and teaching are intended. It seems to me literature is
an art to be enjoyed by as many
people as possible, and that the purpose of scholarship and teaching
should be to allow people to establish
their own criteria for appreciating
the literary arts, ancient and modern.
One prospect that English departments must face in any self-examination or search for a purpose is that at
present they may be doing literature
more harm than good, by driving
young people away and making
literature more and more the preserve of a small circle, like that of the
connoisseurs of fine English pottery.
Perhaps English departments in fu
ture should contain both a Department of Literary Science, with many
professors and a handful of dedicated
students concentrating on esoteric
studies, and a Department of Literary Joy. The latter could cater to the
bulk of the student population teaching them to trust their own responses
to literary artistic creations while at
the same time attempting to show
them the wonders of the many exciting human worlds in English literature. These are the worlds which a
confused, mis-directed faculty have
hidden from students, hidden behind
a forbidding wall of footnotes, essays,
quizzes and examinations. □
Tom Wayman, BA'66, MFA (U. of
Cal., Irvine) '68, was editor of The
Ubyssey in 1965-66. He was instructor in English and writing at
Colorado State University in 1968-
69 and is now taking a year out
from teaching.
For Business or Pleasure Trips
Anywhere in North America or
Around the World
12 george bowering, winner of a
1970 Governor General's award for
poetry for the books Rocky Mountain Foot (McClelland and Stewart)
and The Gangs of Kosmos (House of
Anansi) launched his career from
the UBC campus. From 1957 to
1960 he contributed as an undergraduate to The Ubyssey and Raven;
from 1960 to 1963, while a graduate
student, he contributed both to these
and to publications throughout Canada and the U.S., and was a principal participant in the off-campus
poetry newsletter Tish. On leaving
UBC in 1963 he was an important
and recognized Canadian writer, anthologized both in Poetry 64 and
Love Where the Nights are Long,
and with a major collection of poems,
Points on the Grid, scheduled for
publication by Contact Press. Since
then he has published a novel, Mirror
on the Floor (1965), and seven further books of poetry, The Man in
Yellow Boots (1965), The Silver
Wire (1966), Baseball (1967),
Rocky Mountain Foot (1969), Two
Police Poems (1969), The Gangs of
Kosmos (1969), and Sitting in
Mexico (1969).
From the beginning, Bowering's
work has been continental rather
than self-consciously national. Its
geography extends from Edmonton
to Mexico City, from Courtenay,
B.C. to New York City. Bowering
seems to see Canada as primarily
North American, and as necessarily
sharing some characteristics of the
U.S. and Mexico because of the geo-
raphic reality of the shared conti-
The message of
George Bowering
nent. He sees himself as thoroughly
North American, exploring the continent by car, playing baseball, admiring Faulkner and W. C. Williams,
watching Ed Sullivan, camping on a
wilderness mountaintop, and being
no less "Canadian" for any of these.
His poems arise from his own needs
as a man—love, writing, place, and
above all, personal identity. Rocky
Mountain Foot, which focuses on
Calgary, Alberta, is particularly non-
national in its concern not with what
Americans are doing to Canadians or
with how Albertans are being Canadian, but with what men are doing
both to the land and to their fellow
man in the particular portion of
North America where Bowering happens to be living.
Bowering, in fact, in his best work
13 proceeds from a minimum of preconceptions, As a poet he is usually an
explorer, a mapper, an investigator,
a measurer. This inquisitory quality
of his work, which he seems to have
learned from various American master mappers of place including
Faulkner, Williams, and Charles Olson, has slowly come to dominate his
work since the Tish years. Its antagonist has been a glib and witty kind
of poetry similar to that of the early
beats who flourished during Bower-
ing's youth. These witty tours de
force occur infrequently in Bowering's published work: "Hospital" in
Points on the Grid, "Vox Crapulous"
The Man in Yellow Boots, "Above
Calgary" in Rocky Mountain Foot.
They are often humorous, usually
entertaining, and always rhetorical,
superficial, and generalizing, as
here in Two Police Poems:
Guns, clubs, gas, toothy dogs
let loose in crowds,
teenagers & old drunks
beaten to blood in back rooms,
diabetics dying of natural causes
in drunk tanks.
Like many of us, Bowering is a man
in conflict. For him it is a conflict
between the sensational and the accurate, between a need for transitory
popularity and a need  for lasting
achievement. That he is tempted by
the former is evident from the passages noted above, but that he desires
the latter is clear in the predominant
empiricism and honesty of his work.
Bowering tells us in a poem titled,
significantly, "For George",
we all win too much
for our own good
making pictures
where there were faces.
In his poems, there are two kinds of
winning,  the fake kind where one
pretends to the glamor of victory,
where one fabricates "pictures", and
the true kind where one's reactions
correspond precisely to the requirements of one's context, where one is
true to "faces". In Baseball, one of
Bowering's most important books, he
is explicit in spelling out the care and
George Bowering is one of six Canadian writers chosen to receive the
1969 Governor-General's Awards.
Frank Davey, BA'61, MA'63, PhD
(Southern Calif.), is poet-in-resid-
ence at Sir George Williams University and author of D-Day and
After and City of the Gulls and the
accuracy necessary for real victory.
He says of Ted Williams,
His long legs, that grace,
his narrow baseball bat
level swung, his knowledge of
it has to be perfect, as near
as possible, don't swing
at a pitch seven centimeters
wide of the plate.
In Bowering's mind "showboaters"
don't win at a game such as baseball;
the game must be taken seriously as
life itself:
God is the Commissioner of
Apollo is the president of the
Heavenly League.
The Nine Muses, his sisters
the first all-girls baseball
Archangel Michael the head
Satan was thrown out of the
game for arguing with the
In the beginning was the word,
and the word was "Play
And it is with the care with which a
team makes "the perfect double play,
second   baseman   in   the   air   legs
tucked/ over feet of spikes in the
dust, arms whipping baseball/ on a
straight line to first baseman reach"
that he would like both to live and
In all of his poems, except the
sensationalized ones, Bowering's
rhythms are brief and definite, his
syntax uncomplicated, and his language austere. He uses few adjectives, and proceeds with deliberate -
ness—naming objects and delineating feeling with precise nouns and
The egg sat on the workbench
for weeks, me passing it every
in my search for tools, cobwebs,
five years old, looking for
the machines of life. The source
of life, I knew, as mysterious as
my mother's bedroom. I didn't
touch the egg for weeks. . . .
Many of  these  poems are understated, and many others stated badly,
some to the extent that they seem
trivial. But when these poems work
they speak with an authority and
brutality which only reality can consistently   possess,   as  in   "Mexican
/ thought he was asleep
in the gutter at the edge of the Avenida Insurgentes
his big jaw in front of him
flat on the concrete
the way big dogs sleep.
But it was blood his jaw
lay in, clean, dark red
in the blurred neon,
the cars rolling by
heavy & fast
made shadows on him.
Bowering is primarily a poet who
seeks to articulate experience into
language with a precise 1:1 accuracy
so that the poem becomes for a moment life's twin. His first book, Points
on the Grid, consisted chiefly of attempts to articulate a love experience
and to learn about love through its
articulation. Rocky Mountain Foot
centered on his attempts to understand the Calgary area. Sitting in
Mexico presents similarly inquiring
poems about Mexico. His latest and
best book, The Gangs of Kosmos, is
also his most introspective work,
showing him at last concentrating his
disciplined curiosity upon himself.
Because of his desire to articulate
and assess, we find repeatedly in
Bowerings' work the terms, "measure" and "weight". We also find
recurrent instances of the poet's attending to number, to size, to measurements of all kinds—to footprints
'/2 inch deep in the snow, to "one
cigar in a plastic holder," to a carving
reading "June 7, 1894." These in
combination with his austere, noun-
dominated language, give his best
work an unmistakeable air of solidity, dependability, and precision.
In dealing with our society Bowering, not surprisingly, dwells on its dishonesty and hypocrisy. Rocky Mountain Foot seeks to expose bigotry in
Alberta's government, self-deceiving
greed in the designers of her cities, escapism in her religious leaders, self-
cheating superficiality in her youth.
Sitting in Mexico attacks a wealthy
Roman Catholic church for duping
the Mexican peasant into continued
poverty. Two Police Poems condemns North American police forces
for having repeatedly disillusioned
the poet about police integrity. It is,
however, the doggedly honest quality
of most of Bowering's work and not
its subject matter which makes it so
attractive. This honesty, plus its technical directness, make it, in fact,
some of the most readable poetry being written in English today. □
It Behooves Us To Beware The Hunters
"THE COMMON MAN is today the most fiercely hunted of all
God's creatures. He is Big Game. Nobody enjoys hunting lions
in Africa as much as The Man With A Plan does in stalking
his fellow human, the only animal known to cheer on his captor." So wrote a morose student of human affairs a few years
ago, expressing a, perhaps, unduly glum viewpoint. However,
he had a point for the citizen who has no intention of being
softened up to serve as the raw material for somebody else's
New Jerusalem. Such a recalcitrant individual keeps himself
well up on what's cooking, most conveniently through daily
reading of a good newspaper, like the Vancouver Sun, and is
always a jump ahead of the man eaters.
15 4
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a picture essay on student life
Student life at UBC is a rich,
complex and colorful mosaic. A mosaic created by
the blending together of
20,000 different individuals
and the interplay of their
ambitions, interests and
concerns... It is a mosaic
that constantly changes
with the times and the students. The University has
its share of radicals—and
revolutionaries—and also
its share of students who
want only to study, to learn
and to be gone ...  Many things have changed,
many have remained the
same ... Engineers still
uphold the tradition of tossing uppity Artsmen (or
Pubsters) into the library
fountain . . . The campus
is as cosmopolitan as ever,
with many hundreds of
foreign students enriching
its intellectual and social
life ... And the campus is
as beautiful as ever,
making outdoor classes an
irresistible attraction ...
The bike is making a comeback as a mode of
transport, now that
cars have been banned
from the core of UBC's
sprawling campus ...
19 There is a new freedom
evident at UBC ... in student behavior, style, and
dress... A greater zest too
for off-beat ways of relaxing
from the press of intensive
studies in new and increasingly complex disciplines
... Playing catch with a
whirling "frisby" is growing
in popularity... As popular
as ever is the quiet tete-a-
tete of boy and girl... And
as always there are the
books, the assignments,
the exams—the educational
experience that is such a
large part of the mosaic of
UBC student life, o Photographs by VLAD
21 allan king close up on people
T7OR      ALLAN       KING,      the      filtn-
■*■ maker, it all began back at the
"Penny Show" at Kitsilano High
School many years ago. Every rainy
winter lunch-hour a scrawny, teen-
aged Allan King would be sitting
round-eyed in the darkened school
auditorium, watching another Charlie Chaplin, Buster Keaton or Laurel
and Hardy movie. The experience
made him into a movie nut for life.
From there it was on to the young
Vancouver Film Society which he
and an also now well-known colleague practically ran. "Stan Fox and
I were program director and secretary treasurer of the society," King
told me recently. "We did the booking, so we got to see just about any
film we wanted to see." Together
with the Penny Show, it provided him
with, as it turned out, an invaluable
background in film. He continued
with the society while he studied
philosophy (though not very seriously) at UBC and handled the
concerts there.
"I never conceived of the possibility of being a film-maker," King
admits. And, in fact, he almost
missed out. It wasn't until his third,
not-terribly energetic attempt following university graduation in
1954, that he landed a job as a production assistant with the CBC when
the corporation was first expanding
into television. But within six months
he produced a film which not only
established him in the business, but
also revealed much of the style which
has since made him one of Canada's
top film-makers.
The film was called, Skid Road.
In it, rather than dealing intellectually with the problems of Skid Road,
King had his cameras follow three
derelicts around their downtown
Vancouver haunts, filming how they
really lived and recording how they
reacted to their conditions. It was
what he describes as "actuality
drama", an approach he later
brought to widely-acclaimed perfection with Warrendale, a film about
disturbed youngsters in Ontario, and
A Married Couple, his recent feature
about marital crisis. (The Canadian
premiere of A Married Couple was
recently held in Vancouver.)
Skid Road also revealed another
trademark of Allan King: his interest
in people, in human relationships and
in the drama of ordinary human life.
He admits that because of his people-
oriented approach, particularly in his
later work out of Spain and England,
the CBC was generally "uncomfortable" with his films. "They liked my
work and they were very receptive,
but the kind of documentary I did
was basically stories about people
which in a sense properly belonged
in the drama department. But the
drama department's notion of drama was something you did with
a script and actors and preferably
adapted it from a novel by Thomas
Mann or some other big name. The
public affairs department, for which
basically I made my films, was uncomfortable with my kind of filmmaking because it was a kind of fiction actuality and they were used to
talking head shows and public affairs
shows which analysed the problem
rather than asked you to feel about
The blow-up, of course, came
with Warrendale, the documentary
commissioned by Patrick Watson for
the CBC, but repudiated by the network allegedly because of offensive
language in the film. This action by
the CBC forced King to blow the film
up from 16 millimetre to 35 millimetre size and to take it to the Cannes Film Festival, where it was acclaimed, and to distribute it himself.
It also, he says, "weaned me from
television, and from dependence on
the CBC."
But it did more. It gave Allan King
greater confidence in the validity of
his approach to film-making—and,
perhaps equally important, emotional insight. "It was the first time I
really got involved with emotional
examination of any kind in a very
intensive way. The children were
extremely challenging and I got back
into my own childhood and my own
feelings about childhood and a lot of
experience I hadn't really integrated."
Personal experience is an important underlying fact in King's work.
A Married Couple is the clearest example of this. "In emotional terms, I
suppose a great deal of my interest in
doing the film had to do with the fact
that my own parents' first marriage
had not worked. My parents separated when I was six, and that always
is a grievous loss for a child." His
own marriage was about to break up
as well, which added to his preoccupation with the subject.
It's no accident as well that his
next film—he's currently doing one
on drugs commissioned by the Committee On Drug Abuse—will be
about a youth coming to maturity in
a west coast logging camp. Allan
King admits that much of it will draw
on his own experience as a logging
camp whistle punk during his youth.
"I'd like to sort of look at men in
groups, that kind of male world, and
about what happens when you take
a boy out of a protected, urban environment and put him into a world
where the realities are pretty harsh,
where he has to measure up against
pretty sturdy people. That's kind of
a frightening experience and it's also
what growing up is about."
So far in his career Allan King has
generally taken a free-wheeling approach to his art, using neither
scripts nor actors. His reason is one
that any other artist would readily
understand. "I've never said it before, but I now partly realize why I
don't use a more structured form.
When you're using a script, using
actors, you surrender a tremendous
amount of control."
But his next film—after the logging camp feature—will be a scripted
one with actors. It will be based on
G. K. Chesterton's novel, The Man
Who Was Called Thursday. Perhaps
this will mark the beginning of a new,
and equally interesting phase, in
Allan King's career. D
23 A Selection of Amatory, Merry and
Satirical Verse of the 17 th Century
Love  And   Drollery
edited   by John  Wardroper
General  Publishing, Don Mills
are going around these days warning
that the Day of the Great Wipe-Out
is coming unless man changes his
way of living. And—who knows?—
they may be right. But I have a growing hunch that if man becomes extinct it'll more likely be because we
bored ourselves to death with prophesies of doom.
We seem to be living in an increasingly serious, gloomy age. Bombarded daily with news of fresh disasters, harangued incessantly by steely-
eyed zealots, life to most people is
becoming one endless, monotonous
round of Crises, Issues and Challenges. What this century needs more
than anything else is to have a good,
purgative laugh at itself. Mark
Twain's advice is still the best: "don't
take life seriously—you'll never get
out of it alive!"
Unlike this ulcerous age, gentlemen seemed to live by that advice
back in the 17th century. While that
period had its own peculiar troubles,
men of affairs had a different sense
of priorities than they seem to today.
And judging by Love and Drollery,
a collection of hitherto little known
"Amatory, Merry and Satirical Verse
of the 17th Century" edited by John
Wardroper, BA'48, their priorities
boiled down to Wine, Women and
Song—though not always in that
John Wardroper, who was on the
editorial staff of the London Sun has
gathered together in Love and Drollery 400 songs, poems and "comic or
bawdy trifles", largely anonymous,
from a variety of 17th century manuscripts, songbooks and other rare
books. In that period, much of it
circulated privately, or, in Cromwell's time, was printed illicitly. For
in large part it represents a reaction
against the attempts of Puritan zealots to turn men into saints. The authors in these songs and poems reflect
a keen delight in the pleasures of the
flesh, a delight expressed in the forthright language of the court and the
tavern. One poet, for example, begins:
Faith, be no longer coy,
But let's enjoy
What's by the world confessed
Women love best.
Much of Love and Drollery is in fact
a bit too frank for quotation in such a
scrupulously  polite journal  as  the
Chronicle,   but  it  should  elicit  as
hearty guffaws from readers now as
it did 300 years ago.
Love   and   Drollery   essentially
contains variations on the theme of
love, of course, and the book is divided accordingly. In the Love Pursued section, a cynic writes:
'Tis not your virtues make you
refuse me.
Women are often coy, though
seldom chaste.
Then in Love Experienced, a roguish
lecher frankly states:
The man that hath a handsome
And keeps her as a treasure,
It is my chief est joy of life
To have her to my pleasure.
And a disappointed lover, in Love
Mocked claims:
Love is a bog, a deep bog, a
wide bog.
Love is a clog, a great clog, a
close clog.
'Tis a wilderness to lose
A halter 'tis to noose ourselves.
This   sort   of  writing   flourished
during the  17th century. It flowed
from the pens of university dons,
lawyers, doctors, country gentlemen,
gallants   and   courtiers—and   even
churchmen. One of my favorites is
"Upon a Courtesan's Lute", which is
attributed to one Bishop Corbet:
Pretty lute, when I am gone
Tell thy mistress here was one That hither came with full
To play upon her instrument.
The   courtesan's   reply   is   equally
Little lute, tell the lout
He might have played, though
I were out.
But he came with full intent
To play on me, not
Scholars may well find the most
use for Love And Drollery, but any
general reader who enjoys Chaucer
will also find pleasure here. For in
these songs and poems there is a
wine-stained humanity. And if the
New Jeremiahs have got you down
this book may be just the thing to
snap you out of it with a few good
deep belly laughs.
James Douglas:
Bold Builder
James Douglas:
Servant of Two Empires
by Derek Pethick
Mitchell, Vancouver, $7.50.
sir james douglas, the Father of
British Columbia, was not what most
people would call an attractive personality. A big, coarse-featured man,
he was exceedingly stern and demanding, extraordinarily devoted to
work, obsessed with detail and tight
with money. He had all the dourness
of his Scots father and none of the
gaiety of his West Indian mother.
During his career he was never
known to relax, put his feet up, and
chat informally with his colleagues,
let alone to be humorous. In a word,
James Douglas was a cold fish.
As a clerk with the Hudson's Bay
Company, Douglas essentially began
his career in British Columbia under
a cloud of hostility. His brutal killing
of two Indians, murderers of two
H.B.C. employees, provoked a minor
Indian uprising (from which he
barely escaped with his life) near
Fort St. James and forced his transfer to Fort Vancouver. And his
career ended, as governor of the
colony of British Columbia, amid a
rising tide of opposition to his "one-
man rule", his resistance to the expansion of democratic governing institutions in the colony. He was ac-
the money
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25 James Douglas
British Columb
dour Scot who saved
ia for Confederation.
cepted rather than loved, and had he
had to run for election he might never
have been governor of British
Still, in spite of this, Douglas has
played a role of great importance in
Canadian history. For, as Derek
Pethick, BA'43, emphasizes in his
valuable new biography, James
Douglas: Servant of Two Empires,
Douglas virtually alone saved British
Columbia for confederation. He did
this by taking a series of decisive
steps during the Cariboo gold rush,
when Americans were entering the
then-unclaimed B.C. mainland in
droves. To Douglas, there was a clear
danger that the area could, by default, slip into American hands, for
as chief factor in B.C. of the H.B.C.
and Governor of Vancouver Island,
he had essentially no jurisdiction
over the mainland.
That, however, did not stop him
from doing what he believed had to
be done. Well aware of his lack of
legal authority, he published on the
mainland and in the U.S. a proclamation asserting his government's rights
to all gold found on the mainland and
forbidding anyone from searching
for gold without a permit from his
government, and had a naval frigate
anchor off the Fraser River mouth to
back it up. He used his assumed
authority to regularize shipping on
the Fraser, establish a police force on
the mainland and to push a road
through to the gold fields.
Eventually, the British government rebuked Douglas for exceeding
his authority and disallowed his proclamation and the powers of government he had assumed. The government did this essentially to underline
for Douglas the impossibility of continuing to serve two masters, since
his actions had also extended the
H.B.C. monopoly over the B.C.
mainland, boosting its revenues. But
at the same time the British government announced its intention to establish a new colony on the mainland, called British Columbia, and to
appoint Douglas governor provided
he severed all connections with the
H.B.C.—which of course he did.
By his boldness, Douglas had
forced the creation of what is now
British Columbia. □
Music alone with sudden charms can bind
The wand ring sense, and calm the troubled mind.
- William Congrew
Canada Life conducting
insurance programs
since 1847
26 Alumni News
In a warmly-received address, former Prime Minister Lester B. Pearson warns alumni of the dangers of Canadian
One Road Only
To Unity
under the pressure of current
events, there is a temptation for Canada to withdraw into its continental
shell like some gigantic turtle. But it
should be resisted; isolationism is not
in the best interests of the nation's
future development. This was the advice offered by veteran diplomat and
former Prime Minister Lester B.
Pearson at the Annual Alumni Dinner in April. The proper course for
Canada, he suggested, is to continue
to pursue an active, outward-looking
foreign policy.
Following introductory remarks
by former UBC President Dr. Norman MacKenzie, Mr. Pearson gave a
wide-ranging address to an appreciative audience of over 300 alumni
in the UBC Faculty Club. Generally,
he spoke of problems in international
development and in Canada's domestic development. The dinner also saw
the conferring of alumni awards on
two outstanding men; the Alumni
Award of Merit on University of
Toronto zoologist Dr. Donald Chant,
BA'50, MA'52, for his part in Ontario's battle to ban DDT, and an honorary Alumni Association membership on Dean F. H. Soward, Dean
Emeritus of Graduate Studies, for
his contribution to UBC education.
In his address, Pearson said that
Canada in the years ahead should not
develop too close ties with the U.S.
which might inhibit national independence, but neither should the nation become isolationist. He noted
that in the national anthem the words,
"We stand on guard for thee" are
repeated four times in three lines,
and then quipped: "I've always
thought that this was an overly defensive posture—as if we're not quite
sure what we're standing on guard
for." Certainly, Mr. Pearson continued, there is no need to stand on
guard   against   invasion   from   the
United States, even though that
country is displeased with Canada's
new Arctic policy (which he believes
is a good one). "Perhaps we're
standing on guard over certain social
values and traditions which have
stood the test of time and certain institutions which we would not like to
see replaced by anarchy, chaos or
Mr. Pearson said much of the new
spirit of nationalism which has arisen
recently in Canada is unconsciously
directed toward a return to the Canada of a previous era, which is impossible. "There is in this new nationalism," he said, "a longing for a
return to the Imperial womb and a
withdrawal from the North American terror." Instead, he argued, the
future for Canada lies in adapting itself to new conditions while taking
positive steps to preserve the national
identity. "We must not, in our foreign
policy, withdraw into ourselves," Mr.
Pearson said. "We must be outgoing;
we must have an active foreign policy
as we have always had."
27 The important thing, however, is
for the nation to be adaptable in the
coming years. For, as Mr. Pearson
stressed: "There's going to have to
be some very powerful, very vital reforms in our governmental institutions, and perhaps our economic institutions, in the decades ahead."
At present, he said, Canada's major problem remains that of developing national unity. Serious though the
problem is, Mr. Pearson suggested
that Canadians should not panic over
it, since all federal states have historically had problems in maintaining unity. Canadians, however,
should not lose sight of the fact that
there is but one prerequisite for
unity: "We will not solve the problems of Canadian unity, indeed we
may fall apart, unless we accept the
fact that has been with us since the
beginning, that our country was
established in 1871 on the basis of
two original language groups, French
and English-speaking groups. There
is no other basis on which we can
become a united Canada than by
accepting this fact."
Commerce Alumni
Hear Pepin
commerce alumni were out in
full force at their first annual dinner
meeting, May 8, to hear guest
speaker, the Hon. Jean-Luc Pepin,
federal minister of trade and commerce.
The minister's speech — on the
spread of discontent — was topical
and entertaining. In what he called
"some reflections" on the subject,
he examined the facts of the current
discontent, its political causes, and
made some recommendations for
possible solutions.
A short business meeting chaired
by retiring president, Ross Fitzpatrick, BCom'58, installed the new
executive. President is Don Currie,
BCom'58, three vice-presidents are
Don Cook, BCom'59, for continuing commerce curriculum, and Ber-
nie Treasurer, BCom'58, social
events. Frank Anfield, BCom'62, is
secretary-treasurer and Doug Butter-
worth, BCom'61, member-at-large.
UBC President Walter Gage, right, chats with, left, C. V. Chung, BASc'68,
and wife, Chiyeko, BEd'66, at recent Seattle alumni meeting. President Gage
meets alumni groups this month in Kelowna, Penticton, Trail, Kamloops
and Prince George in a program aimed at spreading more information about
the university.
Trade Minister Jean-Luc Pepin examines spread of discontent in speech to
annual dinner of commerce alumni division.
28 Alumni Directory
Jamaica Beckons
Graduates Home
endeavoring to encourage qualified
Jamaicans living abroad to return
home to help alleviate a critical shortage of skilled personnel in its
A personnel development unit has
been set up in the Jamaican Ministry
of Finance and Planning to establish
and maintain contact with Jamaican
students and university graduates
living outside the country. The unit
aims to give Jamaicans prompt information about job opportunities at
home and to encourage them to return to take up employment in either
the public or private sector.
Interested Jamaican graduates of
UBC are advised to contact: Personnel Development Unit, 3 Lockett
Avenue, Kingston 4, Jamaica. □
President: T. Ban ie Lindsay, BCom'58
Past President: Sholto Hebenton, BA'57,
BA. BCL (Oxon), LLM (Harv)
First   Vice-President:  Frank  C.  Walden,
Second   Vice-President:   Mrs.   Frederick
Field. BA'42
Third    Vice-President:   George    Morfitt,
Treasurer: William E. Redpath,  BCom'47
Mrs. Mary L. Grantham, BA'57; M. Murray McKenzie, BASc'58; John R. P. Powell, BASc'45; Peter Forward, BCom'53;
Elio A. Azzara, BA'64, MSW'68; D. Ross
Fitzpatrick, BCom'58; Reid Mitchell, BPE
'49, BEd'55, DEd (Oregon); Ross Stewart,
BA'46. MA'48, PhD (Wash)
Ex-O/Jicio Member:
Stanley Arkley, BA'25, President, Friends
of UBC Inc.
Agriculture: Arthur Clancy, '61; Applied
Science: R. M. Dundas, '48; Architecture:
Steven Zibin, '64; Arts: Graham Nixon,
'65: Commerce: Don Currie, '61; Dentistry: John Gercsak, '70; Education: Jim
Killeen, '62; Forestry: J. F. McWilliams,
'53; Home Economics: Jan Peskett, '65;
Library Science: Mrs. Judith Cardin, '69;
Medicine: David Kennedy, '62; Nursing:
Mrs. J. T. Adamson. '51; Pharmacy: William  F.  Baker.  '50; Physical Education:
Earl R. Farenholtz. '66: Recreation: Betty
Ross. '70; Rehabilitation Medicine: Anne
Smith,   '69;  Science:   Rod   Ramage.   '67;
Social Work: Jack Hutton, '70.
Tony Hodge, AMS President
Paul    Plant,    BA'49;   Mrs.   John    McD.
Lecky, BA'38; Kenneth Martin, BCom'46
At press time representatives to the board
of management are still to be appointed
from Law, Music, and tlie Faculty Association .
Executive Director: Jack K. Stathers, BA
'55, MA'58
Director, Alumni Fund: Ian C. Malcolm,
DSW (Waterloo)
Director, Communications: Clive Cocking,
Director,   Branches:   Byron   H.   Hender,
Director, Program: Mrs. A. Vitols, BA'61
. great
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29 Spotlight
two ubc graduates are playing key roles
in cleaning up a massive oil slick in Che-
dabucto Bay, Nova Scotia.
Patrick McTaggart - Cowan, BA'33,
DSc'61, former president of Simon Fraser
University and currently executive director of the Science Council of Canada, is
serving as chairman of the federal government's task force, Operation Oil. He is
directing operations of the task force,
composed of about 100 scientists and
technicians, which has the responsibility
for cleaning up the mess created when
the Liberian tanker Arrow broke up on
the rocks in a storm earlier this year. The
job hasn't been an easy one.
"It was near Arctic conditions when we
began work there," McTaggart Cowan
told the Chronicle recently. "We had 12
inches of sea ice form on the bay in the
first week we were there."
But Operation Oil has succeeded in
pulling off something of a coup in its battle against oil pollution. Using frogmen
diving in icy water to attach special taps
to the sunken stern of the tanker and a
novel pumping system, the task force recently succeeded in recovering 1.5 million
gallons of oil from the tanker's bunkers,
neatly removing the danger of more devastating pollution in the bay.
The battle has now turned to cleaning
up the oil slick on the waters and beaches
of the bay. That is where Richard Sewell,
BA'37, scientific officer with the Canadian Defence Research Board in Esquimau, comes in. The inventor of a
machine to lick oil slicks off water, he has
been flown east to put his "oilevator"
(more familiarly known as the "slick-
licker") into action. He invented the device at Esquimalt on the request of the
DRB and it is now being manufactured
commercially, under licence, by R.B.H.
Cybernetics, Patents and Processes of
Essentially a conveyer - belt - like
machine, the oilevator has the capability,
under ideal conditions, of licking up oil at
the rate of 30-gallons-per-minute, 43,000
gallons-per-day. In its first stint at Che-
dabucto Bay, in far from ideal conditions,
it lapped up 30,000 gallons of oil. Three
of the machines are now on the job.
Sewell is convinced that his machine is
the most effective device going for cleaning up oil slicks. He says: "TJP to now the
oilevator is the only device that can pick
up practically pure oil off the water and
deliver it at a high rate."
Defence Research Board scientist Richard Sewell, above, watches his invention lap
up Chedabucto Bay oil slick while, below, left, MP Ray Perrault (Lib. Burn.-
Seymour), BA'47, discusses clean-up operation with, right, task force director Patrick
As a member of a department of trade
and commerce mission Charles D.
Schultz, BASc'31, visited five far eastern
countries during April. The group was
exploring trade possibilities for Canadian
logging and sawmill equipment in these
countries. Mr. Schultz heads a forestry
and engineering consulting firm in Van- couver. . . . Dean of Graduate Studies at
UBC, Ian McTaggart Cowan, BA'32,
who is internationally known for his work
in ecology, conservation and wildlife
management, is the 1970 recipient of the
Leopold Award of the Wildlife Society of
the United States. The award, the society's highest, is given for Dr. Cowan's
service to wildlife conservation as a research biologist and teacher. He is currently on a leave of absence in Australia,
where he is doing research on waterfowl
at the Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organization in Canberra. . . . Robert A. Findlay, BA'34, MA
'35, PhD(McGill), has been elected president of Heat Transfer Research Inc., a
non-profit research organization. Currently he is director of petroleum process
and engineering fundamentals with the
research branch of Phillips Petroleum in
Bartlesville, Oklahoma.
The next ten years have been designated as the International Decade of
Ocean Exploration and John L. McHugh,
BA'36, MA'38, PhD(Calif.) has been appointed head of the co-ordinating office
at the National Science Foundation in
Washington, D.C. The project is an international effort to find ways to expand
the uses we make of the oceans as well as
to develop methods to protect the marine environment from destruction. Before joining the National Science Foundation Dr. McHugh was acting director
of the office of marine resources in the
U.S. department of the interior. Currently he is the U.S. representative on
the Tropical Tuna Commission and the
John L. McHugh
International Whaling Commission and
is one of the two U.S. members on the
advisory committee to the director of
the United Nations Food and Argicultu-
ral Organization on marine resources
More and more universities are providing tangible recognition—the kind you
can spend—of excellence in teaching.
Clarence P. Idyll, BA'38, MA'40, PhD
(Washington) is one of 11 faculty members named as outstanding teachers at
the University of Miami. The award
which is voted by faculty, the graduating
class and alumni of five years standing,
consists of a permanent $1,000 salary
increase. Dr. Idyll,  whose main field is
Clarence P. Idyll
fisheries biology, began his fisheries research studying the sockeye salmon on
the Fraser River. For the past ten years
he has been chairman of the Gulf and
Caribbean Fisheries Institute. He is the
author of many papers and three books.
His newest book, The Sea Against Hunger, considers the prospect of food sources available from the sea as well as
aquaculture. . . . Former Alumni Association director, Arthur Sager, BA'38, is
now on the staff at the Food and Agriculture Organization headquarters in Rome.
He has held several posts with the United
Nations since 1961 when he was appointed director of the regional training
centre for U.N. Fellows at UBC.
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31 James W. Morton
The Alumni Award of Merit winners
for the past two years, Eric Nicol, BA'41,
MA'48 and Dr. Donald Chant, BA'50, MA
'52, have another thing in common. They
have both been appointed as members of
the selection committee for the 1970
Grey Owl Conservation Award. The
$5,000 award is given annually to an organization or individual who the committee feels has contributed the most
toward pollution control and the preservation of the environment in Canada.
Nominations for the award are welcomed by the committee at Suite 1501,
550 Sherbrooke St. West, Montreal. . . .
Capilano, The Story of a River, a new
book by James W. Morton, BA'44, MD
(McGill), traces the history of the North
Vancouver river from its early days as a
place of Indian legends and a sports fishing river to the present day when it is
"fast becoming a lifeless river". It's a
book for anyone concerned with the fate
of the remaining wilderness areas, particularly those in Canada. . . . John H. Turner,
BSA'46, has recently moved to Edmonton, where he is now manager of Palm
Dairies. . . .P. Robert Cowan, BCom'47,
has been appointed administrative vice-
president and treasurer for Crown Zellerbach Canada. He joined the company in
1952 as an accountant in Ocean Falls.
Jack Douglas McCawlay, BA'48, BASc
'49, is now manager of the general services division at the Union Oil research
Elizabeth Lane
centre at Brea, California. He has been
active in co-operative industry educational programs and is currently president
of the Orange County Industrial-Education Council. . . . George C. Richards,
BCom'48, has been appointed controller
of Hooker Chemical industrial chemical
division. He moves to the Niagara Falls
office from Los Angeles where he was
manager of research planning for Occidental Petroleum. . . . John R. Fleming,
BCom'49, is now in Vienna, Austria,
where he is chief budget officer with the
International Atomic Energy Agency.
. . . UBC senate member, Mrs. William T.
Lane, BA'49, (Betsy A. Greer), is the new
British Columbia member of the Canada
Council. The council, which gives government support to the arts and humanities,
meets six times a year, for the most part
in Ottawa but occasionally at outside
centers. Stuart Keate, BA'35, publisher of
the Vancouver Sun, has recently retired after several years as a member of the council.
E. Douglas Gerard, BSA'50, MSc (Saskatchewan), has been appointed excu-
tive dean at the California State Polytechnic College. He has been a faculty
and administrative staff member for 19
years and until recently was associate
dean for facilities planning with responsibility for the college's capital and building programs. . . . Leonard G. Guglielmin,
Write or Phone
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
Hard Back
Paper Back
W ' '*
Elizabeth Wall
BASc'51, has joined A. H. Ross Associates in Toronto as a consulting engineer.
. . . Lewis H. Greensword, BArch'52, has
joined the staff of the Ontario department of municipal affairs as a special
consultant in the assessment division.
Previously he was assessment commissioner for Metro Toronto. . . . There's one
new appointment and three new judges
on the B.C. legal scene. E. E. (Ted) Hink-
son, LLB'52, a County Court judge since
1968, is now a member of the B.C. Supreme Court. His replacement on the
County Court bench is Albert A. Mackoff, LLB'51, a Vancouver lawyer and
former assistant city prosecutor. In the
provincial courts, Perry Millar, LLB'48,
has been appointed a judge in North and
West Vancouver and Edmund Robinson,
LLB'50, has been appointed in Nanaimo.
Elizabeth Wall, BCom'54, will be president of the Vancouver YWCA for the
coming year. She has been an active member of the 'Y' for many years and a board
member for the past 11 years. . . . Kenneth S. Barker, BA'55, BD, MTh(Knox),
is now minister at Union United Church
at St. Anne de Bellevue, Quebec. ... A
Gugenheim fellowship, one of North
America's top academic awards has been
given to Michael Ames, BA'56, PhD
(Harvard), an associate professor of
anthropology at UBC. He plans to use
the award next year to complete a research project on the effects of industrialization on factory workers in India.
He gathered the original material on a
Canada Council-sponsored trip to India
in 1967-68. . . . Lome D. R. Dyke, BCom
'56, MA(Tufts), has traded the wind and
snow of Winnipeg for the sun and palm
trees in the West Indies. He is now vice-
president of the Caribbean Development
Bank in Bridgetown, Barbados. This is
actually a return trip to the West Indies
as he served with the federal department
of trade and commerce in Trinidad before
moving to Manitoba as deputy minister
of industry and commerce in 1966. . . .
Eleftherios Savvides, BSA'56, is now
spending a great deal of his time travelling in the provinces of Greece as a consulting agriculturalist. He can be reached
through Poste Restante, Central Post Office, Athens.
John L. Northey, BA'57, MA'63, has
joined the engineering and planning firm
of Underwood, McLellan & Assoc, as
their B.C. branch planner. Previously he
was with the Capital Regional Planning
32 Board of B.C Peter B. Read, BASc'57,
MASc'60, has returned to Canada from
New Zealand and is now teaching in the
department of geology at Carleton University. ... A year in England is ahead
for Mr. and Mrs. Phillip Hepworth (Dorothy Coutts, BA'58, MA'61) and their
young daughter. Dorothy plans to continue research for her doctorate on drug
addiction in Britain while her husband
attends a social administration course in
Colchester, England. For the past three
years she has been teaching sociology at
Trent University. . . . Former AMS presi-
den, Charles Connaghan, BA'59, MA'60,
has returned to B.C. after several years in
Quebec to be president of the newly-
formed Construction Labour Relations
Association. Previously he was industrial
relations manager for Anglo-Canadian
Pulp and Paper.
During the past three years, E. Margaret Fulton, MA'60, PhD(Toronto) has
been doing a lot of travelling between
Toronto and London, England, working
on her doctorate in English literature.
Now that all the work is done she's an
assistant professor at Waterloo Lutheran
University. . . . The alumni records department reports that for the next few
months Bruce A. Buvyer, BASc'61, is
going to be a little hard to keep track of.
It seems that he's sailing a pleasure boat
named Sabre around the world—currently he's somewhere in the Caribbean.
... Jon C. Stott, BA'61, MA'64, is lecturing in English at Western Michigan
University. . . . Edward G. Andrew, BA
'62, is on the faculty of the department
of political economy at the University of
Toronto. . . . Darshan S. Sahri, BSc, MSc
(Punjab) MSc'62, PhD'66, associate professor of physics and head of the division
of natural science and mathematics at
Notre Dame University in Nelson, B.C.,
has received a $5,500 grant from the National Research Council to continue his
work on the magnetic behaviour of solids.
He began this project in 1966 with NRC
assistance and including this year's grant
has received over $32,000 in research
Blake E. Frisby, BEd'63, MEd'69, is
assistant to the vice-president, business
and finance, at the University of Calgary.
During the past year he was director of
student affairs at the B.C. Institute of
Technology. . . . We now have a man in
Afghanistan—F. Barry Harley, BEd'63,
BL(New England, Australia), who is living in Kabul while acting as a UNESCO
advisor in teacher training. In 1971 he
returns to his faculty post at Armidale
Teacher's College in New South Wales.
His book, Background to Teaching, has
recently been published in Australia and
he notes that it contains "two chapters
kindly written by Dean Scarfe". . . .
Peter R. Roller, BSc'63, MSc'65, PhD
(Stanford) is doing postdoctoral research
in the chemistry department at the University of Hawaii. . . . Jeanie Skinner, BA
'63, has joined the staff at the Canada
Manpower office in North Vancouver.
Previously she was a counsellor with the
Port Alberni office. . . . Glendon G.
Watts, BCom'63, has answered the call to
"go north young man," and is now minister at the United Church in Burns Lake,
B.C. . . Robert B. Mackay, BCom'64, has
been named a group product manager
with the consumer division of Scott
Paper in New Westminster. . . . Robert A.
Roy, BA'64, BLS'68, is now on the library
staff at the Atomic Energy of Canada
research station at Pinawa, Manitoba.
Robert C. Handheld, BSc'65, MA
(Princeton), has recently completed his
doctorate in geological and geophysical
sciences at Princeton. . . . The problems
of aid for developing countries, both for
the donor and the recipient were the
subjects for discussion at an international
conference held during April in Uruguay.
Elizabeth J. Burrell, BA'66, was the
Canadian nominee to the YWCA delegation. A former CUSO volunteer and
Peace Corps training instructor, she is
currently residence director at the Vancouver YWCA. . . . R. Michael Noble,
BSc'66, MD(Harvard) will be interning at
Mt. Sinai Hospital in New York during
Out of this door walk
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Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
... or are you just hiding? Either
way the alumni records department would like to know of any
changes of address or name that
come your way.
(To make things easy for them
would you enclose the mailing
label from your CHRONICLE).
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park
University of B.C.
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Please Print
(Maiden Name)
(Married women please note
your husband's full name)
Your Class Year
the coming year. ... As part of his master "
plan to return to B.C., Michael Robertson, BASc'66, is now resident on the
"vast northern prairie"—somewhere near
Saskatoon, and is working as a mill metallurgist for Allan Potash Mines. In
between leaving Ottawa a year ago and
his present position he spent several
months on the west coast of Newfoundland as production engineer for a small
mining group. . . . Bruce Watson, BA'67,
is now in Japan where he will be teaching
for the next year.
Mr. and Mrs. Robert B. Mackay, BCom
'64, (Gail Carlson, BA'63), a son, Robert
Barnett, April 5, 1970 in North Vancouver. . . . Dr. and Mrs. F. William Wiffen,
BASc'62, PhD(Northwestern), a son,
David William, November 12, 1969, in
Oak Ridge, Tennessee.
Claridge-Henry. Philip G. Claridge to
Barbara Joan Henry, BEd'68, January 17,
1970 in Vancouver. . . . Duchastel-Curtis.
Pierre Duchastel to Joan Curtis, BA'66,
May 24, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Evans-
Locke, Richard H. W. Evans, BSc'67 to
Nina Locke, BA'68, June 7, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Stevens-Popow. Lawrence R.
Stevens to Mary Popow, BA'65, BLS'67,
December 20, 1969 in Toronto. . . . San-
ford-Sorensen. Gerald Robie Sanford,
BSc'66, BASc'69 to Dorothy Gillian
Sorensen, BSN'69, October 25, 1969 in
White Rock, B.C.
Victor James Black, BCom'49, April 19,
1970 in Burlingame, California. During
the Second World War he served with the
R.C.A.F. as a flight lieutenant and coastal command pilot. He was vice-president
of Laurentide Finance of California and
is survived by his wife, four sons, a brother and two sisters.
Robert Lionel Boyes, BCom'34, February
14, 1970 in Vancouver. He is survived by
his sister, Winnifred Boyes, BA'27.
Mark Collins, BA'34, BCom'34 April 22,
1970 in Vancouver. His interest in university affairs and government began in
his undergraduate days when he served as
treasurer and president of the Alma
Mater Society and continued with a term
as president of the Alumni Association.
In 1960 he was appointed to a three year
term on the UBC senate. He was the
provincial government nominee in 1967,
to the senate of Simon Fraser University
which in turn elected him as their representative to the SFU board of governors.
At the time of his death he was president
of Smith Lithographic Co. and a director
of several other companies and organiza
tions. He is survived by his wife, Phae
(Van Dusen), BA'35 and two daughters.
Carlyle Emery Dunn, BA'50, January 18,
1970 in Vancouver. He was supervisor of
general exploration for Placer Development and is survived by his wife.
William Reid Glen, BA'52, MA'58, January 27, 1970 in Vancouver. From 1953 he
was a member of the teaching staff at
John Oliver High School. He is survived
by his wife.
John S. M. Harrison, BASc'43, April 18,
1970 in West Vancouver. He first joined
the federal fisheries service in 1946 as an
engineer with the fisheries research board.
In 1962 he became head of the newly-
established industrial development service in the department of fisheries, pacific
area. For the past three years he was
with the inspection division of the department. He is survived by his wife, two
daughters, a son, and a sister.
Charles E. Henderson, BEd'62, April 28,
1968 in Vancouver. He is survived by his
parents and brother.
John A. Mclntyre, BA'36, BCom'36,
March 24, 1970 in Vancouver. He was
general manager of Canada Western Cordage Co. He was predeceased by his first
wife, (Dorothy A. Newcomb, BA'37) and
is survived by his wife, Patricia (Ryan),
class of '35.
John Allin McKinlay, BA'42, LLB'48,
December 10, 1969 in Vancouver. A native of Vancouver, he served with the
R.C.A.F. during the last war and was
awarded the Distinguished Flying Cross.
After being called to the Bar he practised
in Merritt and Kitimat before returning
to Vancouver where he joined the firm
now known as Campney & Murphy in
1955. He is survived by his wife, two
sons, two daughters and his brother,
Donald, BA'34.
D. Loraine Jeandron, BSW'66, February
21, 1970 in Edmonton, Alberta. She is
survived by her parents.
Mrs. Arthur Mann, BSN'47, (Ruth Charlotte Cochrane), July 25, 1969 in Duncan,
B.C. She is survived by her husband,
Arthur, BSP'49 and a sister.
Dr. Charles Dawson Moodie, BSA'37,
PhD(Washington State), accidentally
March 12, 1970 near Pullman, Wash. He
was a faculty member of more than 20
years standing at Washington State University. Four years ago he was named
acting and later permanent chairman of
the agronomy department. Before joining the faculty at WSU he spent five
years as a senior research chemist with
Defence Industries Ltd. in Quebec. He is
survived by his wife and two sons.
Mrs. Peter B. Read, BSN'58, BLS'62,
(Christina    Leah   Roberts),   August   20,
1969 in Dunedin, New Zealand. She is
survived by her husband, Peter, BASc'57,
MASc'60, two sons and her mother.
Mrs. F. Burrows Sexsmith, BA'18 (Eleanor
Mary Frame) January 20, 1970 in Laguna
Beach, California. Throughout her life
she was an active member of the community through her church work, the
University Women's Club and the Royal
Overseas League. She was also a patron
and a member of the Vancouver Symphony Society and the Vancouver Opera
Association. She is survived by her two
sons, Roderick, BASc'45 and William,
BCom'50 and seven grandchildren. □
34 Alumni Directions For The Seventies
I would like to offer a special
welcome to the UBC Grads of 1970.
You have just left the "formal"
university on Point Grey and joined
some 50,000 others in the "informal" UBC community of alumni. It
is a community of relatively young
people The average age is about
30, with over 25 per cent of all
alumni having graduated in the
last four years. Clearly, it is a group
with great potential.
I believe that UBC alumni, by
sheer numbers and by personal inclination, can play an extremely
significant role in the broader community of British Columbia. And
we on the UBC Alumni Association
1970-71 Board of Management are
eager to see alumni play such a
role. But to do so requires the help
of many alumni. We hope you will
support the Board of Management
in achieving its objectives.
Our emphasis in the coming year
will be toward strengthening our
traditional liaison between the university and the community with a
view to improving university conditions. Specifically, we hope to
strengthen our communication with
the public by launching a year-long
campaign spreading the message of
"How UBC Improves The Quality
of Life In BC." It has occurred to
us that the university cannot realistically expect the rapidly expanding
share of provincial resources that it
needs to meet its educational goals
without further convincing the public that it merits this increased
support. We feel that we are in a
unique position to perform this job
as we really sit halfway between the
active university and community at
New programs directed toward
this end are now being planned.
It is hoped that they will include
ventures jointly sponsored by the
Alumni Association and UBC Extension, the revival of the "Living
Room Learning" program throughout the province and active alumni
support of a university-developed
television series highlighting UBC
accomplishments in the community.
During the coming year we will
also continue to foster the development of our Divisions Program.
Under this scheme alumni from a
common faculty work together to
improve alumni-student-faculty relationships and to provide feedback
to the university from its graduates.
Perhaps the most exciting growth
story in the UBC Alumni Association has been the Young Alumni
Club which has grown spectacularly
over the recent years and appears
likely to continue expanding in the
coming year. The Young Alumni
Club's enthusiasm and innovative
spirit has been and will continue to
be an incentive for all of us. We
hope that 1970 grads will join the
club and participate in its social
events every Friday at Cecil Green
Park, from 4 to 11 pm (Summer
hours 7 to 11 pm, Thursdays).
Not only do I hope that more
alumni will become active in alumni
programs during the coming year,
but I also hope that we'll hear from
our alumni more than we have in
the past. We want to hear your
reaction to present programs, your
ideas for new programs, your complaints, your praise — we want to
hear any of your views on alumni
and university affairs.
You can keep in touch by contributing to the "letters" section of
the Chronicle, by joining the Young
Alumni Club, or by dropping around
to the second floor of Cecil Green
Park for a chat with Executive
Director, Jack Stathers — he always likes company with whom to
share ideas and the view of Howe
Sound from his office.
Come out and be an active alumnus in 1970-71! □
T. EJarrie Lindsay
President, UBC Alumni Association
6251 NW Marine Drive
Vancouver 8, B.C.
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