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UBC Alumni Chronicle [1969-12]

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UBC Rises To The Challenge ¥
:\S* •*
•   *V*4h'. *
You invite another hungry child to Christmas
Dinner when you buy UNICEF Christmas cards.
Around the world, needy children depend on
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buy UNICEF Christmas cards ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
VOLUME 23, NO. 4, WINTER 1969
UBC Rises To The Challenge
by Keith Bradbury
by Clive Cocking
by Trevor Lautens
A picture story
by Clive Cocking
Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, chairman
Frank C. Walden, EA'49,   past chairman
Miss Kirsten Emmott, Med ]
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67
Dr. Joseph Katz, BA, MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago)
Fred H. Moonen, BA'49
Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48, BA'49
Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc, MSc (Man.), PhD (Princeton)
Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'5l
Clive Cocking, BA'62
Susan Jamieson, BA'65
Marv Ferg
Elizabeth Spencer Associates
The tragic cover photo of
a dead, oil-strangled duck
was shot by Marv Ferg
on Iona Island in the
mouth of the Fraser
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251
N.W.  Marine  Dr.,  U.E.C.,  Vancouver  8,   B.C.
The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle is sent free of charge to
alumni donating to the annual giving programme and 3
Universities Capital f:und. Non-donors may receive the
magazine by paying a subscription of $3.00 a year.
Postage paid in casii at the Third Class rate. Permit
No.   2067.
Member American Alumni Council. the battle to save
our environment:
The assault on our environment
has taken on massive proportions. Burgeoning populations, depletion of natural resources, pollution of the land, sea and air, extinction of essential species—all are
today contributing to unprecedented
strains on the earth's ecological balance. Even at their most optimistic,
scientists recognize a most serious
problem although they may confidently predict man's ability to adapt
and change will see him through. At
their most pessimistic, they point to
signals which indicate that a total
environmental collapse is imminent
—and predict that man could be
wiped from the face of the earth in
the space of two generations.
It is a world-wide phenomenon
and here in British Columbia we are
as vulnerable as any place else. Although by world standards we may
be sparsely populated and not very
highly industrialized, examples of
environmental decay are known to
most people. We may not have killed
anything the size of Lake Erie yet,
but we have managed to dirty the
Fraser River and Gulf of Georgia
with human and industrial wastes.
We may not have an air pollution
problem of the magnitude of Los
Angeles', but the cars driven by
Lower Mainland motorists pour out
up to 10 million cubic feet of exhaust gas each minute. We look to
the wilderness as our salvation, but
our record of protecting our lakes,
forests and mountains from the onslaught of industry has not always
been admirable.
One may wonder how our universities are reacting to the challenge of
preserving the environment. At UBC
at least, there is a feeling of urgency
that manifests itself in a wide-variety
of disciplines. Research at all levels
—from the basic to the applied—is
underway in faculties as diverse as
science, commerce, engineering and
law. The problems being tackled
range from those of air and water
pollution to urban blight and reclamation of strip-mined lands. While
much of this work is being done in
the classic tradition by individuals or
small groups of individuals within
particular disciplines, significant new
ground is being broken in the area of
inter-disciplinary research. In fact,
UBC is now one of the three or four
leading centres in North America in
interdisciplinary research on environmental problems. While many
projects arc directed toward the preservation of what we have, there
exist alongside them those concerned
with restoring that which we have
damaged. And concern for environment is being instilled in the students
now passing through UBC with a
growing number of courses related to
environment, pollution and the resource sciences. The following
sketches outline the work being done
by UBC faculty members on six
separate and very different projects.
They don't pretend to show all that is
going on at UBC. But they perhaps
give some idea of the range of research that has been undertaken.  Dr. Holling-
The Team Approach
ecologist Dr. Crawford Holling: "He
is the most important man on campus
today—not in terms of power, but of
ideas." That may sound like a pretty
strong compliment, but the science
writers of Time magazine among
others apparently agree—for they
recently featured the UBC ecologist
in an article on top environmental researchers from around the world.
The reason for the acclaim is work
that Holling is leading on the development of interdisciplinary research into environmental questions.
"The question," he says, "is not just
how do we develop new solutions to
environmental problems, how do we
feed the poor of the world, how do
we control population, but how do
we tune our institutions so that they
are responsive to these problems and
provide solutions that don't in themselves generate a new cycle of problems."
As Holling sees it, society has in
the past been too ready to apply one-
shot solutions—"the technological
quick-fix," as he calls it—to the
problems which have, confronted it.
Part of the reason for this is that in a
limited sense they have been successful solutions. Another is that society's
fragmented structure has encouraged
it to take these solutions while discouraging study of all their ramifications. "So the real concern is, I think
that the solutions that we have applied to the transient problems of the
past—DDT or any of a variety of
technological gimmickry—these solutions have now generated new
problems, new classes of problems
that are not local but are more global
and that are interactive—they have
unexpected consequences, they've
been applied in one part of the system and the system has responded
elsewhere." Holling's interdisciplinary work is being done primarily
through the Resource Sciences Centre, an institution he helped set up
with a $500,000 grant from the Ford
Foundation. He now is chairman of
the centre's management committee.
And the first institution he hopes to
change is the university. As he sees it,
"In microcosm, the university represents all the divisions you see in
society as a whole. There's departments of electrical engineering, de-
partments of sanitary engineering,
departments of civil engineering, and
departments of this, that and the
other and it is equally guilty of coming up with one-shot solutions." So
the centre is devoting its efforts to
overcoming the age-old divisions that
separate disciplines at universities in
order to give an overall picture of the
systems. A start is made by bringing
representatives of various disciplines
together so that they can each apply
their relevant knowledge first to the
problem, and later to the soultion.
But it is more than this, too, for it
involves feeding the relevant information of each expert into a computer. As a result, the researchers for
the first time instead of being able to
look only at actions and reactions
within their own discipline are able to
see interactions throughout the system.
Working with the centre at the
present time are representatives of
eight faculties or departments including foresters, agriculturists, economists, planners and geographers.
Since the centre was set up they have
involved themselves in a five-phase
program which included:
• establishing some interdisciplinary
courses (for instance one called principles of applied ecology, a course
which sets out principles that apply
to a resource whether it's a fish in the
water, a beast in the field or fowl in
the air);
• identifying graduate students
whose interests bridge more than one
discipline and giving them fellowship
support through grants as well as recruiting new faculty people whose
interests overlap more than one field
of study;
• developing a small computer center for center researchers so that
they can get used to the idea of
working with it;
• creating a computer model of the
Gulf Islands to see among other
things what the future holds for these
choice bits of real estate and the verdict is: they will shortly be completely urbanized and there is nothing short of population limitation
which can prevent it;
• and developing major interdisciplinary research focuses for the future.
Dr. Goldberg-
Air and Water Tax?
DR.   MIKE   GOLDBERG   is   One   of   the
people who has been attracted to the
Resource Sciences Centre. A young,
Brooklyn-born urban land economist
he has been for the past year an
assistant professor in the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration. His contention is that economics—the price system in particular
—might hold part of the answer to
the pollution problem. Using the
Resource Sciences Centre's computer model of the Gulf Islands he will
this winter test out his theory in a
situation which mirrors reality.
Goldberg's theory is this: the price
system presently does not reflect the
true social value of clean water and
air. For instance, when an industry
dumps its waste into the water and
the air, it is using clean water and
air. But, at the present time, it may pay little or nothing for the privilege.
So Goldberg suggests raising the
price to a level where it constitutes at
least "a significant inconvenience" to
the user so that this will encourage
him to find ways of using less water
and air. He suggests this be done by
means of a charge or tax on water
and air use. At the same time, a system of subsidies could be implemented to reward and encourage
those who undertake improvements
in their processes or pollution
Goldberg, to support his theory,
points to taxes and rewards on other
goods. "In theory, this is what the
Liquor Control Board does with its
30 percent tax," he says. "They've
cut the consumption of liquor." Likewise, zoning measures in the West
End which provided a bonus in terms
of floor space for buildings covering
less of the site and leaving more
green space resulted, feels Goldberg,
in a much higher quality of development in the West End than previously.
Goldberg dislikes the idea of trying to work out a formula which
would be applicable to all types of
pollution. But he sees the idea of
charging the social cost as applicable
to everything from the Lions Gate
traffic problem (put on progressive
tolls with the highest at the peak
traffic time to discourage traffic then)
to deciding how much MacMillan
Bloedel should pay for pollution effects in the Alberni Valley (compare
the price of cottage lots there with the
price, say, in Qualicum, and use the
difference as a guide to the social cost
of pollution). Goldberg knows it's
unusual for an economist to concern
himself about environmental problems as such. But he gives an economic reason for B.C. to be concerned
about its environment. He says the
province should be getting over the
idea that its economy is resource-
based and realize that its biggest asset
is environment because it attracts
people employed in services. "The
danger is that we lose sight of the fact
that this is a service sector. Today, 70
per cent of the people are employed
in services. We have to look at the
kinds of economic functions that are
needed to fulfil this role. Environment is one of the things of highest
Dr. Murray-
Super Sniffer
the pollution problem—a more traditional one—is being taken by Dr.
Frank Murray, the new head of the
department of chemical engineering.
"Personally," he says, "I feel that
there are far too many people wasting an awful lot of time defining the
problems. We know what the problem is: all you have to do is look out
the window and you can see what the
problem is. Our real problem is to do
something about it and that's what we
plan to do in engineering."
One of the things that Dr. Murray
is doing about it is to continue his
own research on control of air pollution from kraft pulp mills. He already has patents in his name for
equipment known as the B.C. Research Council Odor Control Device
and the Murray Analyzer. The odor
control device, developed some years
ago by a group headed by Murray
while he was with the BCRC, is
widely used around the world today.
Its function, in simple terms, is to
prevent smelly sulphur compounds
escaping from kraft mills into the
air—and it succeeded in getting rid
of about 90 per cent of the odorous
sulphur compounds.
Now, while continuing to work on
the development of odor control devices, Murray is also doing more
fundamental research work—one aspect of which is the oxidation of
sulphur compounds in the gas phase
using radiation as a source of energy.
At the same time he is working on
problems connected with the operation of the Murray Analyzer, a device which measures hydrogen sulphide in pulp mill stacks. And he is
involved in a project aimed at developing a new technique for building an analyzer to measure hydrogen
sulphide continuously and monitor
pollution in pulp mill stacks.
Murray also conducts a class in air
pollution engineering, one of no
more than two in Canada. And he
sees the growing activity of members
of the faculty of applied sciences on
pollution questions as leading to an
air and water pollution engineering
centre on the campus. For instance,
in addition to Murray's work in air
pollution, there is considerable research work going on within the
faculty on water pollution and five
courses were started this year in civil
engineering to deal with water pollution control. At present, says Murray, "It is not formal, not an institute.
We're just developing activities. But
there could be a formal institution
ultimately, a cooperative effort between members of the faculty of
applied science."
Although Murray is as concerned
as anybody about the pollution problem, he says engineers are not seeking to eliminate it altogether. "When
you talk about elimination you're
really talking about a world that we
don't live in, because if you want to
eliminate pollution you have to stop
running your car, heating your home, dumping your garbage, and sewage,
and stop smoking cigarettes." Instead, he says, engineers are striving
for the point where the cost to the
community is minimum both in terms
of wealth, corrosion, discomfort and
dirt. "We're striving for the minimum
of that curve. We're trying to do the
best for the community as a whole."
Dr. Slaymaker-
A Total Water Study
The most ambitious single research project is no doubt one begun
by the late Dr. Walter Jeffrey, an
associate professor of forest hydrology, who died in a plane crash this
summer. Now being continued under
the direction of four faculty members
Jeffrey attracted to the project, it is
a $4 million five-year research program—only partially funded so far
—that is designed to establish at
UBC a centre of excellence in water
resources education and research. It
will involve 25 faculty members and
75 graduate students from disciplines
as varied as soil science, economics,
sanitary engineering, planning and
law in a study of Lower Mainland
water resources. "In the simplest
terms, the project is trying to track
the movement of water from its
source in the North Shore mountains
through to the Lower Mainland
sewer system. We're plotting the
amount of water, its quality and the
changes that occur as it goes," says
Dr. Olaf Slaymaker, a physiographic
hydrologist in the department of geography, one of the four heads of the
With its research split up into
three components, one group is presently planning research that will
attempt to show how the watersheds
which supply Vancouver with its water work. Much of this will be basic
research on the hydrology of the
coast mountains since little is known
on the subject. But it will also be
of immense importance to the study
of the overall Lower Mainland water
picture. As Dr. Slaymaker points out,
the carefully-controlled and patrolled watersheds constitute, in effect,
a controlled natural situation which
it is possible to compare with other
watersheds that have not been preserved in their natural setting. For
instance, Slaymaker will study the
control watershed. Among other
things, he will look at how erosion occurs in the natural setting, work
that has never been done before in
the B.C. Coast Range. His findings
will be used for purposes of comparison with the findings by other re-
seachers who will be looking at the
way erosion changes when man
moves in and begins making changes
to the natural setting. Says Dr. Slay-
maker, "People aren't always aware
that there is a significant increase in
natural pollution through accelerated
erosion. That's why we need the con-
tol to establish what the level of natural pollution is. We can then establish how much man has done."
A second component of the project is devoted to social and economic
studies of the water resources of the
Lower Mainland. Primarily the concern of this section is provision of a
methodology for determination of an
economically optimal water quality
standard for the Fraser River. It will
also recommend the type of institutional structure needed to support the
standard. In doing this, it will plot
future growth patterns of the Fraser
Valley in order to see the types of
demands that will be made on the
water, compare the value of water
in its alternate uses, review existing
laws and recommend new ones for
dealing with the pollution problem
and even attempt to find out
—through polling—the extent to
which the man in the street recognizes the pollution problem. The
third section will, devote itself to the
physical water characteristics. "The
end result," says Slaymaker, "is essentially a working model of the total
water system."
For his part of the project, Slay-
maker sees the possibility of recommending changes in operation of the
Vancouver watersheds. These could
involve controlled logging and opening up of the watersheds to recreational use. However, it would be
predicated on the installation of
equipment to clean the water before
it went into the Vancouver system.
At the present time, he says, "we are
really drinking in our water tanks
what comes straight off those hills.
And that's a unique situation in
North America for a community this
size. If we are going to operate the
watershed like that without putting
much money into filtering or chlorinating then we must not put a road
through. However, if we're going to
spend money on filtering plants then
there's no reason why we shouldn't
open it up to multiple use." Dr. DeVries-
The "Living Filter"
Another faculty member involved in the water resources study
is soil scientist Dr. Jan de Vries,
who is working toward the day when
not a drop of Lower Mainland sewage is put into local waters by trying
to find ways of disposing of it entirely
on land. In fact, he believes it can
be shown that it can be used to nourish the crops and forests we need.
"We're dumping it into the seas now
because it's expedient. But the message is beginning to come through
that the sea doesn't have an infinite
capacity. The land doesn't either, but
we'll be reusing the effluent if we
have the land system."
De Vries' research in his lab in
the H. R. MacMillan building is directed toward showing that the soil
and the natural organisms in it can
be used as a "living filter." By this
he means that if effluent from primary sewage treatment plants is put
on the soil in certain quantities, it can
be converted through natural action
to acceptably pure water by the time
it again reaches the water table. In
the meantime, it will have helped to
irrigate the land, to fertilize the crops
and to eliminate the need for expensive secondary and tertiary treatment
plants for fertilizers.
For the Lower Mainland, the system might work like this: Sewage
would be gathered as it is now by the
sewer systems and pumped to primary treatment stations on the landward side—not the seaward, as now
—of Lower Mainland municipalities.
After undergoing primary treatment,
the effluent, that which we now
dump into the water, would be piped
off. First, it would be treated with
gamma rays to kill off the disease
producing pathogenic materials in it.
Then, largely inert, it would pass
through a solid-set irrigation system
to the Fraser Valley where it would
be sprinkled over the land.
De Vries' research so far indicates
that it would be possible to put about
two inches of effluent per week on
any given area of land and have acceptable water by the time the water
table is reached. For the Lower
Mainland, this means that about 13,
000 acres of land would be needed.
De Vries, who works in his lab with
soil  columns  65  centimetres  long,
10 says he would confidently drink the
water coming out at the bottom if it
was radiated before application and
then applied at the two-inches a week
rate. He will begin field studies using
Fraser Valley soil in the spring.
The assistant professor of soil
sciences points out that it is important for the Lower Mainland to find
a new way to get rid of its sewage
because the Strait of Georgia, where
we dump it now, is a semi-closed
body of water. That is, there is a
ridge across the mouth of the strait
which tends to prevent easy exchange
of water with the Pacific. Scientific
studies have shown that sufficient
concentration of the nutrients contained in the sewage effluent will
produce a bloom on the water—that
is, a growth of algae—such as is
occurring now on Okanagan Lake.
Says de Vries, "The exciting thing
(about a land filter) is the recycling.
The plants absorb the nitrogen, the
people eat the plants or animals and
then back again. Now it's a one way
affair into the sea."
Prof. Thirgood-
Strip Mine
Professor J. V. Thirgood is probably the most optimistic of the
researchers now involved in pollution and environmental work on the
campus. Not only does he believe
that man can tamper with his environment, but that in at least some situations he can improve it with good
management. Prof. Thirgood's particular concern is reclamation of strip-
mined areas and he is presently
directing and overseeing research by
a graduate student on reclamation
work for the Kaiser Resources Ltd.
strip mining operation in the East
Kootenays, having previously done
consultative work himself for the
company. He has been a practising
forester and conservationist since
1940 and has worked in the United
Kingdom, the Mediterranean and
Middle East, Africa and the United
States on various conservation projects.
Says Prof. Thirgood, "It's time we
recognized that industrial development is inevitable in this province.
Concern with environment is an index of affluence and that means that
the same ingenuity and effort that are
necessary to insure the success of an
economic mining enterprise can be
devoted toward the reclamation and
beautification of the lands disturbed."
In the case of the Kaiser project,
Thirgood's student, Czech immigrant
Jiri Seiner, is using a $5,000 Kaiser
fellowship to study the environment
—from the soil to the vegetation—of
the three-square mile area that will
be strip-mined in the next 15 years.
Using other Kaiser money, he has set
up a two-acre nursery not far from
the project to supply trees for reclamation work. Ultimately, he will
make a series of proposals for management of the reclamation of the
lands. At the same time, Thirgood
has been involved in planning for
reclamation of the old coal mining
townsites of Natal and Michel, not
far away. "This valley right now is a
blight," says Thirgood. "Its worse
than you'd find anywhere in Appala-
chia—with tarpaper shacks, and a
grossly polluted creek." When reclaimed, it will be turned into a park.
Thirgood believes that the storm
of controversy that occurred after the
strip mine plans were announced, resulted because people were ignorant
of how successful reclamation work
can be. In Germany, he says, people
are prepared to pay more for reclaimed land than non-reclaimed
land, while in Ohio he has seen land
that was much better suited for rec-
reation after reclamation than it was
in its original form. One of the most
exciting things about the Kaiser project, he feels, is that it is the only
place where reclamation has been
planned from the outset. "The economic benefits to B.C. from Kaiser are
quite incontrovertible. The social
benefits are perfectly sound. So we
should make use of managerial skills
to mitigate any bad effects."
Thirgood does not say how soon
the strip mined land will again be
covered with vegetation, although he
says reclamation work will begin as
soon as the mining work in a given
area is finished. No attempt will be
made to return the land to its original
configuration because studies have
shown that reclamation is easier
where the strip-mined overburden is
left where it falls without compaction
and with a minimum of contouring
and reshaping. "There are many
areas of the province that have been
revegetated and there's no doubt in
my mind that we can bring this area
to an acceptable condition."
Keith Bradbury, BA'66, LLB'69,
is a reporter for the Vancouver Sun.
He was editor of The Ubyssey in
The 4:30 buzzer squawked and
Oscar Lumley grabbed his
lunch bucket and joined the exodus
from the RVA Electronics (Canada)
Ltd. plant. He jumped into his Mustang, peeled a couple of corners and
swung in behind a stream of red tail-
lights zipping along The 401. 'Sixteen
lanes of madness,' Lumley muttered
to himself. 'Toronto's becoming
another bloody Los Angeles'. Off the
freeway, traffic ground to a crawl on
Eglington as the white-shirted IBM
boys streamed out and Lumley idly
flipped open his TIME at a spread on
the Black Panthers. ... At home
finally, he popped a Swanson TV
dinner in the oven (his wife was out)
and thought he would catch some of
Mission Impossible before going to
his union meeting. His International
Brotherhood of Electrical Workers
local was holding a big meeting on
strike action and the international
rep from New York was going to be
there. . . .
Oscar Lumley is a Canadian,* a
fairly average English-speaking Ca-
* Lumley is also a fictional character,
a stereotype used for illustration
nadian. He works for a U.S. subsidiary, he belongs to a U.S.-based
union, he buys a lot of U.S. products,
he reads U.S. magazines and watches
U.S. television shows, often on the
same Canadian Broadcasting Corporation network that was formed to
foster the Canadian identity. Every
minute of every day of his life is influenced (some would say "dominated") by the colossus to the south.
But it's been going on so long that
Oscar Lumley is hardly aware of it
and what's more he doesn't really
He doesn't care? Well, look at the
facts. If the Oscar Lumleys of this
country did care would Walter Gordon have failed in his fight to get
strong government action to curb
foreign ownership of Canadian industry and repatriate some of it?
Would TIME and Reader's Digest
(Canada editions) continue to prosper while Canadian magazines flounder, if the O'Leary royal commission
recommendations had been supported, let alone adopted? Would
there have been such a violent reaction against the proposals of University of Toronto economist Melville
Watkins, both in newspaper editorial
pages   and   within   his   own   New
Democratic Party?
More importantly, if the average
Canadian really cared, would the
entire question of U.S. domination of
our way of life ever have been allowed to arise in the first place?
This perennial national topic has
acquired new dimensions since two
Carleton University English professors raised the spectre of the "Americanization of Canadian universities"
about a year ago. And it will be interesting to see whether the points
made by Dr. Robin Mathews, BA
'55, and Dr. James Steele will create
as much stir among ordinary Canadians as they have in academic
Mathews and Steele gathered
some statistics (and their methods
are open to criticism as is pointed out
later) which they say document the
fact that the influx of foreign professors into Canada, particularly
Americans, has become an invasion.
They say that in 1961 some 25 per
cent of university teachers in Canada
were foreign-born and that by 1967-
68 this percentage had doubled to 51
per cent. With Americans predominating, they argue that courses and Present heavy influx of American professors
into Canada has raised alarmed cries of
"Americanization of Canadian universities."
Novelist Hugh MacLennan has described the
situation as "a program for national suicide."
Is it? Here is a report.
research are tending to focus too
much on U.S. issues, depriving Canadian students of insights into their
own culture. The result: further erosion of our national identity under
the impact of the American giant.
Novelist Hugh MacLennan goes
further, declaring it amounts to "a
program for national suicide."
The invasion Mathews and Steele
speak of has taken place mostly in
the newer universities (there's little
apparent evidence of the problem at
UBC) and in the humanities and
social sciences, with the "flashpoint"
being political science. The statistics
the two Carleton professors use may
be open to question, but some situations exist at various campuses which
give cause for concern:
• York University has 15 Americans in the sociology department and
only one Canadian;
• At the University of Calgary, 44
per cent of political science positions
are held by Americans while McMaster University has only one Canadian in its political science department;
• At the University of Victoria, 41.5
per cent of the professors teaching
the social sciences are American and
only 39 per cent Canadian;
• At Simon Fraser University only
three of 24 persons teaching history
are Canadian, only five of 16 teaching geography, 10 of 34 teaching
economics and four of 23 instructors
in political science and anthropology
arc Canadian;
• The number of Canadians on faculty at the University of Windsor has
declined from 76 per cent in 1963 to
54 per cent this year.
But what has really set the academic world spinning are the solutions
Mathews and Steele have dared to
propose. They suggested that a quota
system be established to ensure that
Canadian professors hold two-thirds
of university posts and that all university administrative posts be restricted to Canadian citizens. Well,
when they first made those suggestions to a Carleton faculty meeting
about a year ago, they were practically tossed out of the hall. "Our
motions Were called immoral, illiberal, racist, neo-nazi, proto-fascist,
chauvinistic, anti-American, protectionist, restrictionist and intellectually obscene," they wrote later, be
moaning the lack of rational dialogue. They have won little firm support since, beyond some eastern
university student groups expressing
concern and seven Ontario and Quebec professors forming a committee
to study the problem.
Early in November, however, the
Mathews and Steele campaign got a
bit of a boost from the UBC Graduate Student Association when it presented a brief to the annual meeting
in Ottawa of the Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada.
Based on information about UBC
graduates, the brief stated that some
graduates with masters and doctorate degrees are now having difficulty
getting jobs in Canada. The graduate
students placed the blame on the
federal government hiring freeze, on
foreign-owned companies which do
no research in Canada and on universities which hire foreign teachers
befcre considering Canadians. "I
thin < we sort of provided the catalyst
for opening this issue to the world,"
said GSA president Art Smolensky, a
doctoral candidate in chemistry.
"While a lot of people in the east had
been pointing out the problem on
their own campuses, at this meeting
2,611 teachers hired by Canadian universities in 1968,
only 362 were Canadians.
we catalyzed the fact that this problem is Canada-wide and that solutions have to be found now."
Drawing on Mathews and Steele's
recent statistics, the brief pointed out
that in 1967 there were 5,039 advanced degrees awarded by Canadian universities, but of 2,611 teachers hired by Canadian universities in
1968. only 362 were Canadians. Of
the remainder, 1,013 were American,
514 were British and 722 came from
other countries. Much of the problem, according to Smolensky, is due
to the tendency toward "alma mater-
ism" in hiring. What this means is
that a department head, if he is a
graduate of a foreign university and
a foreigner himself, tends to concentrate his search for new faculty
at his old university.
If the present trend continues, the
brief warned, graduates in the " 'pure'
sciences of botany, zoology, physics,
and chemistry, some select language
fields, mathematics and some engineering fields will be the first ones to
encounter real difficulty." To reverse
this situation, the graduate students
recommended that: the AUCC and
the larger universities, particularly
UBC, undertake serious research
into graduate student employment
trends; academic vacancies be more
widely advertised in Canada; the
two-year income tax holiday for certain foreign academics teaching in
Canada be dropped; and that the
federal government freeze on hiring
scientific personnel be ended. A
minority recommendation—and this
has stirred up some academics—
urged that academic tenure at our
universities should not be granted to
professors unless they are Canadian
The AUCC commission on employment opportunities endorsed
much of the UBC brief, though the
recommendations passed on to the
whole body of the AUCC were much
watered-down. Significantly, any
mention of a citizenship requirement
for tenure was dropped. But Smolensky and his fellow students feel some
vards have been made. It appears
likely UBC will also look at the problem since the brief has been presented to the Senate agenda committee.
Clearly, the possibility that graduate students may not be able to get
jobs is something that may stir people to action. But, so far at least, the
great debate over the less tangible issue of possible erosion of our national identity in our universities seems
unlikely to become more than a great
emotional dog-fight. The suggestions
that to increase the Canadian content
in universities quotas or citizenship
requirements be implemented are so
scary to academics, so foreign to
their conception of a liberal university, that their outcries have tended
to cut off any real examination of
the problem.
In fact, some academics don't really think there is a problem. "I'm not
all that convinced that Canada has a
national identity, heresy though that
may be," said UBC assistant political
science professor Mike Wallace, a
Canadian. Some sec the influx of
American professors as a great asset.
"I believe this is the opportunity for
Canada to become one of the great
intellectual centres of the West," said
Prof. John Conway of York University. "And I don't want to see this
destroyed by a rabid, out-dated chauvinism." And University of Calgary
political science professor Tom Fla-
nigan, an American, believes: "American universities have always been
more involved in politics than their
Canadian counterparts and American professors are more willing to
articulate their political convictions.
In fact, if stodginess is a Canadian
characteristic, then the Americanization of Canada might be the best
thing that ever happened."
Certainly, foreign professors have
been an asset to Canada during the
American scholars naturally
bring their research interests from the U.S. so there
is a paucity of research in
Canadian subjects.
years when the nation was not producing enough PhDs for university
posts. On the other hand, there are
people in the academic community
who believe there is now a serious
lack of Canadian orientation in our
universities and that much of this is
due to the influx of foreign professors. University of Windsor graduate
students, for example, recently clamored for more Canadian content on
their campus, declaring that course
content and textbooks in the social
sciences and humanities pay scant
attention to Canada. "Canadian literature is neglected, Canadian art is
ignored, and Canadian society disregarded," they said in a brief. And
the University of Victoria president,
Dr. Bruce Partridge, himself an
American, has directed his department heads to hire Canadian professors first in their pursuit of new staff.
On his part, SFU president Dr. Kenneth Strand has called for creation on
his campus of a Canadian studies
centre, as a solution to the problem.
Canada was born out of the will to
resist the pull from the south.
Throughout her history, Canada has
had to struggle to resist influence,
domination by the U.S. It is a problem which, Dr. Walter Young, BA
'55, head of UBC's political science
department, emphasizes is unique to
Canada. And the problem in the universities is not the result of any
conscious aim of Americans to subvert the Canadian culture, but rather
the accidental result of circumstan- ces. "American scholars naturally
bring their research interests from
the U.S. so there is a paucity of research in Canadian subjects," Dr.
Young told a Vancouver Institute
meeting recently. "And students,
therefore, don't have the same incentive to pursue interests that are basically Canadian. Most graduate students who go to the U.S. also find
few Canadian courses so their interests are directed elsewhere. This is
the problem and it is foolish to ignore
it, to dismiss casually that universities are international and faculty
must be hired on the basis of ability."
The possible danger of Americanization of our universities is, as Dr.
Young notes, merely part of a total
picture of U.S. influence on Canada.
One of the significant questions is,
how big and how important a part of
the picture is it? Dr. Thomas Perry,
an American-born UBC professor of
pharmacology who has lived in Canada seven years and has applied for
Canadian citizenship, believes that it
is a relatively minor problem. "If one
examines the things that are threats
to the Canadian identity, there are
big threats and there are little
threats," he said. "I think the fact
that Canadian industry and Canadian raw materials are very widely
and very largely owned by capital in
the U.S. and controlled by it is the
important reason for the political and
cultural control of Canada by the
U.S. There are a lot of very serious
political and cultural threats which
flow from this and among these the
threat from American professors in
Canadian universities is so silly as to
be totally insignificant."
Aside from this factor, Dr. Perry
argues, as have several other academics, that the statistics used by Mathews and Steele (and UBC's Graduate Student Association) are inaccurate and present an exaggerated picture of the problem. He points out
that in arriving at the conclusion that
the proportion of foreign-born university teachers had doubled between 1961 and 1967-68, Mathews
and Steele used two different sets of
figures. For the 1961 data they used
census data, which of course did not
indicate whether a foreign-born professor had lived in Canada five years
or 50 years. And for the 1967-68
data they made their calculations by
taking catalogues of 15 universities,
excluding several older universities
and  all professional faculties,  and
The threat from American
professors in Canadian universities is so silly as to be
totally insignificant.
noting how many professors obtained
their bachelor degrees in foreign
countries on the assumption that that
was where they were born.
"The statistics presented by Mathews and Steele are dishonest," Dr.
Perry said. "They have played tricks
with numbers that are absolutely inexcusable. The problem has been
exaggerated far beyond what it really
It is important to note that Dr.
Perry is not arguing that there is no
reason for concern about whether
Canadian students are being acquainted with their culture in our
universities. He believes strongly in
fostering the Canadian culture, but
the point is that there are no reliable
statistics available which define the
extent of the Americanization problem.
While there is wide disagreement
among academics as to the extent of
the problem, or whether in fact there
is one, there seems to be far more
unanimity in opposition to the institution of quotas or citizenship regulations as means of achieving greater
Canadian orientation to our universities. Dr. Perry seems to express the
common view: "There should really
be only one criterion for appointment to a university professorship
and that is competence. Competence
to me means excellence in teaching
ability, interest in and sympathy for
students, knowledge of one's discipline, excellence in research, and a
willingness to turn one's discipline to
the service of the community as a
whole. Once you begin putting in
criteria other than excellence for
appointment to faculty positions in
Canadian universities then you open
the door to mediocrity. If you once
say that you must be a Canadian
citizen to do this then it's a very easy
step to say that you must be a Canadian citizen who has certain political
views, you must be a Canadian citizen with a certain color of skin, you
must not be Jewish and so on and so
In short, any formal restrictions
on the number of foreign professors
in our universities amounts to a form
of overkill. It will do more harm than
good. What is required, in Dr.
Young's view, is an awareness of the
problem and informal, voluntary
measures to overcome it. With
awareness, department heads will
likely advertise academic vacancies
more widely (and some have begun
to) to bring in more Canadian talent
and they will be concerned to see
that, where relevant, courses relate to
the Canadian context. As for more
research into Canadian problems,
Dr. Young suggests the Canada
Council should give priority to
grants for Canada-oriented research
—whether done by a Canadian, an
American or a British scholar.
Actually, the entire issue of "Americanization of Canadian universities" would be funny were it not so
important. It would be funny because
running through the arguments of
Mathews and Steele and followers is
the assumption that the Americans
are the source of the problem. Which
is absurd. The source of the problem
is nothing more nor less than Canadian apathy and inaction. If there are
too many Americans teaching in our
universities it is because (until very:
recently) Canadians have not been
willing to put up enough money to
give more of their own people graduate level education. If our universities' academic programs do not have
sufficient Canadian orientation, it is
because students and faculty have
not pushed for this. And if there has
not been enough research into Canadian problems, surely that is the fault
of Canadian academics.
One wonders, finally, if Canadians
remain unwilling to take the necessary positive steps to foster the expression and development of a distinctive national culture, whether
Canada as an independent nation
deserves to continue to exist.        □
15 Memoirs Of A Student
Of Academic Affairs
by Trevor Lautens
A s i remarked the other day to
-^*- Fred Cawsey, one of the great
UBC undergraduates of his time, inside every fat man there's a fat man
struggling to stay in.
Years of academic activity, or perhaps that should be quasi-academic,
or even pseudo-academic activity,
have led me relentlessly backward to
this truth. Exercising the brain has
only served to convince me of the
wisdom of the body. I cast my lot
with Orwell's "little fat man . . . the
voice of the belly protesting against
the soul" whose tastes include "soft
beds, no work, pots of beer and women with 'voluptuous' figures."
Well, I'll waive the "voluptuous".
Like I've always said, each man to
his own volupt. I might even trade
the pots of beer for a few skins of
wine. Otherwise I'll take Orwell's
little fat man, whole-hog.
Yes, in my 15 years of night school
and summer school. . . .
(I interrupt this sentence to note
what great and good effect it has on
newly-met people and prospective
employers to drop this fact casually
into conversation—rather like the
old soldier who opens a drawer to
show off his stamp collection and
modestly allows his VC, DSO and
bars etc. to be seen. It's the sheer
length of the task that impresses
them. This proves the world values
sustained mediocrity more than academic brilliance—but I didn't have
to go to university to learn that).
Yes, in my 15 years of night school
and summer school I have studied
the lines of many a good calf disappearing into the tease of many a well-
sheathed thigh—more avidly than
any lines of reasoning to support the
Graf-Wellhausen theory of the composition of the Pentateuch, I can tell
Mind you, I tried to fight this. For
a while I took correspondence courses and studied in the aestheticism of
my lonely bedsitter. It didn't work.
Every time I looked up from my
16 dusty tomes my eyeballs acted like a
kind of movie projector, unreeling
film clips of pretty faces from the
classrooms of yesteryear on the wall
in front of me. I was reminded of the
old thing that a monk could move
into a Himalayan cave alone to get
away from the flesh of the world
and take the entire flesh of the world
with him.
Perhaps I exaggerate — not my
randiness, but the quality of the attractions that ignite it. When it comes
to sexual stimulation I find that I
have, as the current smart-talk has it,
a low profile.
The fact is that your average
night-school girl is not exactly a thing
of beauty. The species, most of them
career teachers or amateur housewives, are long on the motherly and
short on the nubility. The implications of this homely truth might send
a lesser man on an Oedipal lunge to
the office of his friendly neighborhood psychiatrist, making sure he
didn't bump into his father along the
way. But my defence mechanisms—
I am the NATO of vicarious lovers—
are so strong that I explain it all with
a corollary of Parkinson's Law: Lust
expands to fill the space available to
it. Marooned on a desert island with
Margaret Rutherford, you'd be surprised how sexy the dear old soul
would begin to look after a while.
Indeed my Chaucer course last
year was riven to ruins by the presence opposite me around the seminar table of a completely married
lady, physically unassuming but
wifely in that transcendant, blood-
boiling way that illuminates a woman
from within and makes her totality
greater than the sum of its parts. Did
she have deep, brown, liquid eyes?
I'll tell you. Her eyes were so deep,
brown and liquid that every school
night I went down in them for the
third time and had to be revived by
mouth-to-mouth resuscitation.
Oddly enough, only once have I
taken participatory sexuality to the
logical conclusion of having a session
with one of these extra-sessional
ladies. I met her at summer school.
That would be, oh, around nineteen-
ought-sixty. We both happened to
stay after class one day to butter up
the professor. When we finished we
looked at each other and it was instant fascination. I don't know what
she was staring at, but what hypnotized me was a bizarre little pouffe of
hair that she wore just at her adam's
apple. This fluffy blonde appendage
in such an unusual location both repelled and lured me. The two struggled within my bosom until the latter
was momentarily on top and I asked
her out. Maybe I was simply curious
to find out whether it was real. Which
after all was only a sick, twisted perversion of other men's interest in exploring the fashionable full figure of
the time in quest of separating illusion from reality. I never found out.
On our first and last date she disliked me and her dog bit me, which
suggests that he wasn't too impressed
either. Too bad. She had a pretty face
and incidentally the fashionable full
figure of the time. All I can report for
sure is that her dog's teeth were for
I remarked above that I took out
only one of the girls I met at the
fount of higher learning. This isn't
true. There was another. And now I
must cast off the mask of comedy to
tell you about her.
She was beautiful where it counts.
She was gentle and good. When the
dark time came and she fell terribly
sick, she met it with courage. She had
the guts of a burglar. She knew this
fat man for what he was, knew him
and yet forgave him. Her name was
Anna. □
fiave a joydu§
Canada Life
 ^rfsstt/vnee Company
17 ".peg
A Teach-in
-*- so 40 UBC architecture students and several of their professors
have been living in a renovated 18th
century palace in Venice and roaming about that ancient and beautiful
Italian city. While they have been
carrying their cameras and shooting
the sights, it has not been with the
eyes of common tourists. They have
been functioning as students of
It's all part of an on-the-spot study
of urban renewal in Venice being
financed by a $10,000 research grant
from the Venice Island of Studies
Association. The 40 students are now
completing their semester's work and
will be coming home during the
Christmas holidays; a second group
of 40 architecture students will go to
Venice this spring to carry on the
study project.
"Things are far more exciting here
than I have allowed myself to express in the notes (to the Chroni-
cle)," reports UBC architecture professor Abraham Rogatnick, who is a
member of the Venice studies association and whose research in Venice
was a factor in UBC getting the
grant. "It's rich, rich, rich, with beautiful things to see and do. The students are working like beavers, learning all kinds of things and becoming
aware of possibilities that could
never have come to their consciousness in Vancouver."
The UBC study involves research
on the cultural, social and economic
effects of revitalization of two economically decaying areas of Venice.
One of the areas includes a new hospital project based on a radical design by the late architect Le Corbusier and the other includes a large
congress hall project designed by
noted U.S. architect Louis Kahn.
Results of the studies will be published and given to civic officials in
Venice, the Venice studies association and other interested bodies.
In addition to the study, the students have been pursuing normal
studies in design and the history of
architecture. Prof. Rogatnick feels it
is particularly valuable to teach students about the history of architecture rieht on the site of historic buildings. There have been other valuable
educational experiences as well. The
students, for example, were able to
take a field trip to Urbino, where
architect-urbanologist Giancarlo De
Carlo explained his research and
architectural work in that impressive
Renaissance town. The architect
Guillaume Jullian de la Fuente, former assistant to Le Corbusier, came
down from Paris to talk about Le
Corbusier and the students also
met with other professionals passing
through Venice.
The pictures, all taken bv the students, which are displayed on the
following pages, perhaps give an indication of the excitement of that
educational experience. -«
Top left, Harvard architecture
professor Dr. James A ckerman
lectures to UBC students in front of
Palladio's church of 'II Redentore'.
Across the canal in the background
is the Church of Santa Maria Delia
Salute and the Campanile of San
Marco . . . A bove right, Mrs. Larry
McFarland, wife of one of the
students, observes a curious
Venetian lane and in the top right
corner is a view of one of the canals
taken by her husband . . . Below
right, third-year student Mark
Osburne sketches on the bank of
the Grand Canal, while in bottom
right corner, UBC architecture
professor Abe Rogatnick lectures in
the Church of The Frari. Top left, UBC arcliitecture Prof.
Andrew Graft (far left) and students
prepare gala reception to honor
arrival of UBC architecture head
Prof. Henry Elder and Mrs. Elder
who came to Venice on the
'Christopher Columbus' and arrived
at the palazzo in a gondola in
historic style . . . Top right, Prof.
Elder lectures to the students . . .
Centre, dining at UBC's temporary
Venetian home, Palazzo Sceriman,
are (left to right) Dave Whetter,
Robin Whetter, Sandra Redmond
and Joe Redmond . . . Bottom left,
'Captain' Al Richards prepares UBC
soccer team for match with the
palazzo's Italian staff . . . Splashing
through the Aqua Alta on the
Piazza San Marco, bottom right, is
third-year student Larry McFarland. ■ nrtiw ANULbbb
First-year students, top left, carry
out sensory experiment feeling their
way through Venetian lane, while
being observed (suspiciously?) by
local populace . . . Prof. Rogatnick,
top right, lectures in front of the
Church of Santa Maria Delia Salute,
while, below right, first-year student
Doug Nickel works on a project in
the studio . . . Bottom left, students
and faculty engage in serious
discussion at a cafe. From left to
right. John Frith, Dave Baert,
Danny Quan (standing), Joe
Redmond, Prof. Gruft and lecturer
Don Gutstein. □
21  DeanOkulitch
said, "When a man is tired of London, he is tired of life." Since then
millions have echoed his sentiment,
for it is undoubtedly true. And surprising though it may seem, the same
thing could be said about the University of B.C. In its own way, the
University is also a city, though more
comparable to Penticton than London in size. Still, the University is a
place of almost infinite variety, of
events and people. But it is perhaps
the people who offer the most fascination. In any one day on the campus you can talk to an expert on
synthetic foods, a world-ranking
4 chess player, a man who escaped
from a German concentration camp,
an expert on peyote—you name it.
Everyone seems to have a story.
One of these is Dr. Vladimir Joseph Okulitch, the dean of science.
To the public he is best known as a
** leader of the Westar project, a bid
by several western universities (including UBC) to take over the Mt.
Kobau astronomical telescope project which was axed by the federal
government. A slight, grey-haired
man with a trim moustache, he is
known by his colleagues for his interest in Canadian scientific affairs
and for his contributions in the field
of paleontology. To students he is the
quiet, affable dean of science, a man
who speaks with a trace of a Russian
accent and who always seems to be
lighting cigarettes.
Comparatively few know of Dean
Okulitch, the Photographer. But
photo buffs know that Okulitch and
respect him. "His photography is
very good," says Alvin Balkind, curator of UBC's fine arts gallery. "On
the university level and the local
level, he's one of the better photographers around." Duncan MacDougall, president of the Western
Photographic Circle (of which Okulitch is also a member), has this to
say: "I would say that Vladimir Okulitch ranks very high among local
photographers. Last year five photographers in B.C. were exhibited in
ternationally and Vladimir was one
of them."
The dean has been a fairly active
participant in photographic exhibitions and he has a good selection of
medals, ribbons and citations which
testify to the recognition his work
has received. His work has been exhibited in competitions all over
Canada, the United States, and
Australia. Dean Okulitch has contributed also to local exhibitions as a
member of the Western Photographic Circle and is a regular participant
in UBC's own Ben Hill-Tout Photographic Exhibition.
Not only is he a confirmed shutter-
bug, but he is also a collector. The
dean now has more than 10 old
and/or interesting cameras he has
picked up in rummaging through
second-hand stores and pawn shops.
They range from a 1911 Goertz that
uses glass plates, to an old mahogany
view camera, to a mini Zeiss the size
of a cigarette pack. Perhaps one of
his more interesting cameras is a
Kodak Medallist, a heavy combat
camera that has to be photography's
answer to the Sherman tank. It was
used during the Second World War.
Dean Okulitch, in fact, is seldom
without a camera. On his frequent
ramblings about Vancouver, he generally packs his favorite Rolleiflex
twin-lens reflex, or his Nikon F 35
mm. "I like to sort of wander with
the camera, with no particular destination," he says. "I look around
and sometimes I see a potential scene
but the light is wrong and I may
come back to the location time and
time again before I get it. But usually
I see something which looks spontaneously appealing and I shoot it."
To Dean Okulitch, Vancouver is
something of a photographer's
dream. The city has consequently
been much photographed, but generally in a picture postcard kind of
way. Dr. Okulitch feels that the spirit
of the city has not yet been captured
in all those rolls of film. "There
hasn't been enough done, I think,
toward capturing the details of the
23 city, from the door knobs and window frames of old houses to parts
of the ever-changing waterfront."
It is those details that fascinate
Dean Okulitch. And together his
photographs seem to blend into a
montage that graphically captures
the spirit of Vancouver. "I like the
sea and almost anything that goes
with it, ships and anchors and ropes
and floats," he says. "I like trees, I
like living trees and I like dead trees,
I like old weathered wood, and I
repeat these themes again and
In their stark black-and-white simplicity, his pictures often have an abstract, modern art-like quality. Yet
they are not staged. "They are natural abstractions, they are not contrived abstractions, they are abstractions taken straight out of nature,"
Dean Okulitch says. "An old piece
of driftwood can be as abstract as
anything and yet it's there, it's reality,
and in this sense, it's not an abstraction." His best pictures have a
powerful quality that conveys to the
viewer a feeling for the object pho-
graphed. "There is emotion involved
in photographing anything, be it a
piece of rock or a sunset," he explains. "You have to like it, and more
than anything else, you have to see
the play of light and shadow."
The story of Vladimir Okulitch,
the Photographer, began 56 years
ago in St. Petersburg (now Leningrad) in his native Russia. On his
seventh birthday his mother gave him
a camera, a small, simple one that
used glass plates, and that began his
fascination with photography. "I
took pictures of the house, parts of
the garden, my brothers and sisters—
the usual kind of snapshots," he recalls. "I'm afraid there was no artistic
effort then at all."
Since he had to learn to develop
his own plates, he had become a
competent young photographer by
the time the Okulitch family fled Russia shortly after the Revolution. "We
belonged to the group of people
who were regarded as enemies of the
people," Dean Okulitch says. "My
father was a director of the department of agriculture and it certainly
wasn't healthy for us to stay there."
He continued his schooling in Europe and the U.S., before the family came to Canada. His interest in
photography continued unabated
while he attended university, first at
UBC where he obtained a masters
degree in geological engineering in
1932, then McGill where he got his
doctorate and later at Harvard where
he did post-doctoral work. Dr.
Okulitch joined the UBC faculty in
1944 after teaching eight years at the
University of Toronto.
During all that time his development as an amateur photographer
was being stimulated and influenced
largely, as he recalls now, by his
professional work in paleontology.
And he has found that his skill in
photography was an invaluable aid
to his teaching and research, a phase
of his career which essentially ended
five years ago when he became dean.
Being able to produce good, sharp
photographs of rocks, fossils, and
other interesting geological features
was a particularly valuable asset.
From this Dean Okulitch acquired
a deeper appreciation of the art of
photography and, as he says, "a
seeing eye." "Once you really get into
photography you begin to see details
of a landscape, not just the overall
beautiful pictures, but you begin to
see trees, or clumps of grass or rocks,
and how the light illuminates them.
You look for patterns and texture
and this in itself becomes fascinating."
All of this has led to a style of
photography which, while simple and
somewhat abstract, is essentially nature photography. And if one were
to find a weak point in his work, it is
here. Dean Okulitch recognizes this
fact. "One thing which my pictures
lack, and I realize this, is human interest—people." he says. "It's relatively seldom that I get people in my
pictures. In part, I guess I am a coward, I don't like intruding into a
group of people who are talking or
doing something, but in part my attention is mostly on objects and light.
I try to get people in my pictures,
but it's very difficult for me, I have
to practically force myself to do it."
Still, in terms of Dean Okulitch's
overall achievement as an amateur
photographer, this is perhaps a relatively minor failing. /Cocking BOOKS
Critic Looks Darkly At
'Summer Of The Black Sun'
the world of Summer of the Black
Sun, a first novel by former UBC
student Bill T. O'Brien, is the world
of the insane.
In a curious way, the world of the
novel is also the world of a creative
writing department. This isn't too
surprising since O'Brien studied
creative writing before dropping out
of university; he is now a welder with
B.C. Hydro.
The book is the monologue of one
character, Bill Louper, who is a
patient in a British Columbia mental
institution. The unfolding narrative
tries to give the reader a view inside
the life and mind of the mad: first an
awareness of insanity, then existence
in the asylum, further mental deterioration, a lobotomy performed by a
drunken doctor, and finally death at
the hand of another of the insane.
Summer Of The Black Sun by
Bill T. O'Brien. Prism International
Press in association with November
House, Vancouver, $4.95.
At the same time, O'Brien's book
involves itself with the life of a creative writing department. This is not
only because co-publisher Prism International Press is the book publishing complement of Prism International magazine, from UBC's creative writing department. But as well
Summer of the Black Sun could serve
as a kind of writing textbook to
demonstrate how a young writer of
promise (O'Brien is 26) commits
virtually every mistake—or, if you
like has every problem—of beginning prose writers. These include
various technical difficulties in telling the story, unevenness in style,
weak dialogue, sententiousness, and
generally bad writing.
The technical difficulties arise directly from the conception of the
book. How can the author succeed in
having his reader believe a madman
is talking to him, relating a tale, when
of course one of the defining prob-
lems of mental illness is an inability
to communicate? To solve this problem, O'Brien hits on the device of
having his hero relate events in a
compulsive way. "I have to tell you
about these things," Louper announces. At the same time, Louper's narrative must be chaotic, mad. Which
brings the reader up against a variation on that old writing department
chestnut about how can one write
interestingly about boredom. Here
the problem is, how is it possible to
create a jumbled narration that the
reader will want to pick his way
through. Lines like "I forgot the
point of what I wanted to say" in
the midst of an anecdote can help
create that reader interest. But sentences like, "You are going to think
that I am some kind of a nut", are
just too self-conscious on the part of
the author to bring the effect off.
Unevenness in the way language is
used by the narrator is undoubtedly
an attempt by O'Brien to give some
flavor of insanity to the writing. But
the effect is rather jerking, jarring.
A most unfortunate device is the
use of a deus ex machina to portray
other characters: file cards. Instead
of having Louper explain other
characters in his own terms, O'Brien
has Louper allowed free reign on the
ward to shuffle through the other
patients' files as a device to "explain"
these other patients to the reader. In
addition, Louper must have about
the best hearing this side of Superman to account for all the conversations about his condition he manages
to overhear. Finally, the reader begins to disbelieve.
Weak dialogue is a problem of
many young writers too wrapped up
in their own heads to be able to
listen to how other human beings
speak. Nurses on the ward, a dorm
caretaker, a saner Louper talking to
a priest, a preachy cleaning lady, and
Louper's brother all talk in a most
literary way. Here is a male nurse in
jected by accident by another; he is
supposed to scream: "Ow! Why in
the lord's name did you give the
needle to me?" The reader can try
screaming that, to see if it "works".
Sententiousness comes with trite
characters, like Louper's ol' fishin'-
doctor-Dad: "And most of the fishing streams within a two-hundred-
mile radius had felt my old man's
line." Little snippets of proffered
wisdom throughout the book jar: definitions of writing, of great literature, of love. There is even the
archetypal-freshman's put-down of
his dull, symbolism-conscious English prof: Louper in Milton class is
able lo "get" his prof by asking him
to define "good". Even the last page
of the book is not free from triteness.
The evil, nasty nurse of the Violent
Wards is going to be admitted as insane himself—or so we "overhear"
through Louper's wonderful ears.
Not that the book is as black as
Louper's summer sun. There are
many strong moments, where for a
paragraph or two the reader is swept
into rapport with Louper before
some stylistic unevenness or faulty
conception jerks the reader back out
of Louper's world again. O'Brien's
ability to handle time distortion is
effective. You can feel the terror of
looking at a clock, then looking at a
clock moments later to see that it is
earlier than when you first glanced at
it. The horror of Louper's developing madness is well portrayed, as the
neat and orderly UBC campus becomes  an  irrational world.
O'Brien's is obviously a talent
worth encouraging. He almost certainly has a publishable novel in him;
this jjst isn't the one.
Torn Wayman, BA'66, MFA (U. of
Cal., Irvine) '68, was editor of The
Ubyssey in 1965-66. He was instructor in English and writing at
Colorado State University in 1968-
69 and is now taking a year out
from teaching.
25 more BOOKS
Survival and Success
Canadian Literature Magazine Celebrates Its First Decade
novelists one sometimes wonders
who among them will be remembered in future as the Dostoyevsky,
the Conrad, or the D. H. Lawrence of
the late 20th century. Rather sadly
the answer, that frequently comes to
one after rummaging through the
paperback racks, seems to be: "none
of them." Perhaps that's an exaggerated response. But it does seem at
times that both serious novels and
serious novelists have faded away
and the only things being written today are scenarios for underground
All is not lost, however. They
aren't all cashing in on the current
publishing fads. It's interesting to
note, on reading the 10th anniversary
issue of Canadian Literature, that
three of Canada's top novelists—
Margaret Laurence, Mordccai Rich-
ler and Hugh MacLennan—remain
determined to go their own way.
They reveal this in essays written for
Canadian Literature in which they
candidly discuss their work over the
past decade. In "Ten Years' Sentences", Margaret Laurence indicates a determination to continue
writing about real people. Richler, in
"The Uncertain World", reveals his
dedication to his roots in Montreal's
St. Urbain Street and his desires,
"like any serious writer, I desperately
want to write one novel that will
last." And Hugh MacLennan, in
"Reflections on Two Decades", displays his continuing concerns for the
important themes of conflict between
the generations and the divisions
between English and French-speaking Canadians.
In fact, MacLennan expresses the
feeling that seems to exist between
the lines written by Richler and Margaret Laurence. Noting that he has
been reading the novelists of the
1960s, MacLennan says: "I must
admit, not caring how old-fashioned
it may make me appear, that the
work of some of them is alien to any
literary tradition I have known or
respected, and that it seems to me a
symptom of something terribly serious. I can't believe that this present
tide of pornography, self-hatred,
self-contempt and boring drug-fed
egoism can last indefinitely, or even
much longer. . . ."
While these essays give particu
larly sharp insights into the minds of
probably the three major Canadian
novelists today, the anniversary issue
of Canadian Literature also conatins
some good retrospective pieces by P.
K. Page, Dorothy Livesay, Norman
Levine, James Reaney and an interview with A. W. Purdy. It's an issue
that nicely caps the first decade of
this UBC-produced journal. And
perhaps the editor, George Woodcock, has best described the achievement of Canadian Literature to date:
"It has not merely, like its writers and
readers, got away with survival; it has
also established a place in the world."
while we're on a Canadiana
kick, aficionados of British Columbia
history should find Derek Pethick's
Victoria: The Fort to be a welcome
addition to their shelves. It's the story
of Fort Victoria during the colonial
and gold rush days, the first of a trilogy Pethick, BA'43, plans on Victoria. Although the book is marred
by slow-moving, rather dull beginning, it later develops into an engrossing tale of early British Columbia. It's full of fascinating anecdotes
and historical footnotes on such
things as the "threat" of attack from
Russia on the outbreak of the Crimean War, the religious controversies of early Victoria, the beginning
of the gold rush and, above all, on the
complex character of Governor
James Douglas. Victoria: The Fort
makes good fireside reading.
Victoria: The Fort, by Derek Pethick. Mitchell, Vancouver, $7.50
ruth nichols, a 21-year-old UBC
graduate student, has had her
first novel published by Longmans.
Called, A Walk Out Of The World,
the novel is for 8-12 year-olds and is
described as "a fairy tale which verges on science fiction." The story
concerns two children, Judith and
Tobit, who are kidnapped in a wood
by a young man and a dwarf and
taken to a strange kingdom. Because
of her pale hair and silver-grey eyes,
Judith is seen as a descendant of
exiled southern kings and she is
called on to lead the struggle to reclaim the throne from Hagerrak the
usurper. Miss Nichols, BA'69, has
completed an adult novel which will
be published soon. —Ed.
A   Walk  Out Of  The  World,  by
Ruth Nichols. Longmans, Don Mills,
$5.25. a Alumni News
All Aboard
For Expo 70 !
HAVE   YOU   EVER   WANTED   to   Stroll
down the Ginza, see mist-shrouded
Mt. Fujiyama or savor sukiyaki in
Osaka? Well, you're in luck. For a
$330 return trip fare you can join the
UBC alumni charter jet flight to Japan next summer and do all that—
and see Expo 70.
There are still seats open on the
charter Air Canada jet flight, which
leaves Vancouver for Tokyo on June
26. It returns to Vancouver on July
16, giving you three weeks in Japan.
World-Wide International Travel is
arranging a ground tour package (not
included in the flight price) of Japan
with option to visit Hong Kong, for
those who desire it.
For information or reservations,
contact: Russell Fraser, BASc'58,
Chairman, UBC Alumni Japan Charter, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver, (phone 228-3313).
Names Sought
For Top Award
Merit was conferred on Eric Nicol,
BA'41, MA'48, noted Vancouver
Province humorist. Who will it be
this year? Do you have a favorite
alum who you feel is doing outstanding work and not receiving recognition? Now is your chance to change
that—nominate that alum for the
Award of Merit. The UBC Alumni
Association's awards and scholarship
committee is eager to receive nominations for this, the association's
highest award.
Under terms of the award, the recipient must be a UBC graduate
who has distinguished himself or herself in his/her field since graduation
and has made a contribution in that
field which reflects credit on UBC
and which has not necessarily received public acclaim. And while
you're sending in a nomination for
The class of 1929 gathers around the piano in International House to sing
some old favorites during Reunion Days 69.
the Award of Merit, drop one in for
the Honorary Life Membership also.
Honorary Life Membership in the
association is given to any person
who has given outstanding service to
education. Send nominations to:
Awards and Scholarships Committee,
UBC Alumni Association, 6251
N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8,
UBC Open House
Set For March
through UBC campus must often
wonder what goes on behind the
silent facades of all those buildings.
Well, everybody gets a chance to find
out on March 6-7. That's when
UBC will stage Open House, and
throw its doors open on a spectacle
which will include everything from
glass-blowing to poetry readings.
The UBC Alumni Association will
open Cecil Green Park to alumni and
exhibit Memory Lane, a collection of
old photographs portraying the history of UBC. So make plans now to
attend Open House 1970.
California Grads
Give Scholarship
The southern California UBC
alumni branch has established a
$450 scholarship. The annual award
will go to an American student entering UBC, with priority consideration
being given to a student from California It will be financed by Friends
of UBC (U.S.A.) Inc. through the
Alumni Fund.
That's the latest program launched
by the California alumni, always one
of the liveliest groups of graduates.
Recently, they capped a very active
series of events with two major
branch meetings in San Francisco
and Los Angeles. The October 17
meeting in San Francisco drew more
than 150 people. "The turnout was
so outstanding that we had to turn
people away, which was unfortunate," said Byron Hender, director
27 of branches. The following day a
somewhat smaller meeting was held
in Los Angeles. The feature speaker
at both events was Dr. W. C. Gibson,
UBC professor of the history of medicine and science, who outlined some
of the new developments on campus.
UBC Ambassadors
Well Received
a student-alumni program aimed
at bringing the message of higher
education to the people is shaping up a success. Twenty-six students recently carried the message to
high schools, service clubs and the
news media in six cities throughout
the Interior—extending all the way
from Trail to Prince George. To the
high school students they spoke of
the problems and the pleasures which
await out-of-town students coming to
UBC. To the service clubs and news
media they spoke candidly of UBC
today, of educational reforms, of student unrest and of student off-campus service activities.
Sholto Hebenton, alumni association president, enjoys lunch with some of
the 64 N. A. M. MacKenzie scholarship winners for 1969.
Community visitation program
chairman Susan Shaw, a fourth-year
education student, said the tour was
quite successful. "People in the Interior seemed pleased that students
would come out and talk to them,"
she said. The one part of the program
which was of questionable value was
the talks to service clubs, membership of which is predominantly upper
middle class, said Miss Shaw, and
not the main group they need to
reach. "I think next year we should
spend more time speaking to union
officers and workers."
UBC alumni accompanied the students on their visits and local alumni
provided billets for them. After
Christmas the program shifts to the
Lower Mainland. Rather than sending students on tour in the area, Miss
Shaw said a speakers bureau of about
50 students will be established and
their availability advertised. Students
then will go out to speak to high
school groups on request. □
Anyone Can Get Clogged Encoders
CYBERNETICS is Big all over now, but did you know that
behaviorist psychologists are already applying cybernetics
thinking to PEOPLE as well as to computers and machines?
They say that with the flood of information coming at people
from all directions these days we simply must start absorbing
it systematically. If we don't our channel capacities get flabby
and we can't input enough programming to cope. Our encoders
get clogged, we get feedback congestion and consequent overload and then our output whatsit blows up and we can't converse logically about hardly anything, and our friends think we
are losing touch. Too much information? By no means! Just
input for an hour or so every day the news you get in a good
paper like The Vancouver Sun and you'll have no cybernetics
28 Dr. William Carpentier
pass through Vancouver in recent months
was Dr. William Carpentier, MD'61. the
flight doctor to the Apollo I 1 astronauts.
(In case you've lost track, they're the ones
who took the first walk on the moon).
The 33-year-old Cowichan-born doctor
was invited to address the Men's Canadian Club about the moonshot and while
here he answered that intriguing question,
'How does a Cowichan boy come to be
involved in the space program?' It seems
one summer while going to university he
was working on the coastal freighters and
had time to indulge a long-standing ambition. "I desperately wanted to learn to
Hy and so one day I went out to the airport and started to learn," he recalled. "I
love flying and for a while I was thinking
of becoming a pilot, but I really wanted
to do medicine—that's my first love. So
after medical school I was looking for a
place to intern and do post-graduate work
and I found out about Ohio State which
has a post-graduate residency program in
aviation medicine and so I went there."
The program involved a stint with Houston's Manned Space Craft Centre—that's
how Dr. Carpentier has been able to combine both loves    The   adage
about counting your chickens before they
are hatched doesn't really apply to Mrs.
J. A. March (Beryl Warrack), BA'42,
MSA'62. She is more interested in them
from a nutritional viewpoint—both for
eating and feeding. Her research work
on poultry nutrition was honored at the
recent annual meeting of the Poultry
Science Association, as a distinguished
contribution to nutritional research. She
was presented with the valuable American Feed Manufacturers award for her
work during the past three years. In that
period  her projects included  a  study of
the effect of excess vitamin A on
tumor growth in chickens and also work
on the development of a fish-based feed
fcr the birds. She has been a member of
the research staff at UBC since 1947 and
is now an associate professor in the department of poultry science.
If legislatures were composed on other
than political lines UBC would stand as
a strong minority party as a result of
the last B.C. provincial elections held in
August. The three political parties. Liberal, New Democratic, and Social Credit,
represented in the house are almost equal
in their number of elected grads . . . herewith is our annotated list . . . Social
Credit: Donald Brothers, LLB'49, minister of education; Daniel Campbell, BA
'52, minister of municipal affairs; Herb
Capozzi, BA'47, BCom'48; Leslie Peterson, LLB'49, attorney general and minister of labour; Ray Williston, BA'40,
minister of lands, forests and recreation
. . . Liberal: David Broussan, BASc'49;
Garde Gardom, BA'49. LLB'49; Dr. Patrick McGeer, BAMS. MD'58. PhD(Prince-
ton); L. Allan Williams, LLB'50 . . . New
Democratic: Gordon Dowding, LLB'51;
James Lorimer, BA'48. LLB'49; Alex
Macdonald, BA'39; Robert Williams, BA
'56. MSc'58 . . . pictures of some of these
honorable members appear throughout
the   Spotlight   section   .
Guy Barclay, BASc'30 has retired as
manager of the B.C. Hydro labour relations department. He was with the
company for 38 years . . . Mrs. Edward
L. Pierrot (Cicely Hunt), BA'31, BSW'62,
has joined the staff of the Yukon social
welfare department in Whitehorse. Previously she was with the adoption department of Children's Aid in Vancouver ... A new zoo for Toronto is
the objective and Cecilia E. Long, BA'32.
has been elected chairman of the Metropolitan Zoological Society which is assisting the city in the planning and design
of the project. In 1973. when the zoo is
complete the society will take over its
operation. Miss Long is director of public
information for the Canadian Arthritis
and Rheumatism Society and is also
currently chairman of the board of
governors of Women's College Hospital in
Toronto . . . One of Canada's leading
scientists. Professor George M. Volkoff,
BA'34, MA'36, DSc'45, head of the department of physics at UBC, has been
namec to the 15 member National Research Council. The council is the major
Canadian agency awarding grants for
research in science and applied science
—last year distributing over $59 million
to Canadian universities.
Mrs. Clare Marie Buckland (Brown).
BA'35, MA(Columbia) has been awarded
a $4,500 fellowship for the final year of
her doctoral studies at UCLA. The
award from the American Association of
University Women, is one of thirty international fellowships given to women
students attending university in the U.S.
but who plan to return to their own
countries. She is working in the field of
adult education and behaviorial science
and plans to return to Vancouver next
year to do doctoral research in educational programs for family groups . . .
E. Davie Fulton, BA'36. BA(Oxford),
LLD(Ottawa, Queen's), a long-time
member of parliament and federal cabinet minister and currently a member of
the UBC senate, has been named chairman of the B.C. provincial law reform
commssion. He will combine the duties
of chairman with his law practice in Van-
Mrs. Beryl March Out of this door walk
the best dressed men
in Vancouver
couver . . . Thomas K. Shoyama, BA'38,
BCom'38, assistant deputy minister of
finance in the federal government has
been appointed a member of the board
of directors of the Farm Credit Corp.
Before going to Ottawa in 1964 he was
secretary of the Saskatchewan economic
planning board.
You realize
a substantial
saving because
of our direct
from the
centres of
the world.
"Jewellers to all members of the fomily"
Downtown    •    Brentwood
Park Royal
Zurich is the new home of Norman
Coleopy, BASc'45, where he is senior design engineer with the Swiss office of the
Sandwell Company . . . Eric Winch, BA
'45, BSW'46, LLB'61, has been reappointed district magistrate in Nanaimo.
He resigned to run as a Liberal candidate
in the last federal election—Nanaimo
may not be Ottawa but it's not bad when
you get used to it . . . One lost soul
recently found by the supersleuths in our
records department is Mrs. J. F. Fleming
(Elizabeth A. Booth), BA'47, who is a
technical officer with the Canadian Topographical Survey. Her research work on
solar altitude has been recognized by
several professional groups—she was the
first woman and the first Canadian to
win an award from the American Society
of Photogrammetry . . . The Hotel Sha-
harazad in Islamabad is the temporary
residence of Wilfred K. Wardroper, BCom
'47, acting high commissioner to Pakistan. He expects to return to Ottawa
in the near future for a two or three
year period at the department of external affairs. His brother. John E. Ward-
Daniel Campbell
roper, BA'48, is in London, England on
the editorial staff of the London Sun.
Lawrence N. Dyer, BCom'48, is now
secretary-treasurer of the Canadian Fishing Co. A past president of the Society
of Industrial Accountants of B.C., he
joined the company after graduation and
was made comptroller in 1967 and
secretary earlier this year . . . Dean of
Arts at Brandon University. Ralph King,
BA'48. MA. PhD(Toronto). has been appointed acting president of the university. He came to Brandon in 1963 from
Royal Roads in Victoria where he headed
the English department . . . Leslie A.
Garvie, BA'49. MBAfWest. Ont.). is now
president and general manager of Dominion Chain Co. Actually he used to life at
the top as he was previously president
of the S. F. Bowser Co. in Hamilton . . .
For That Very Special
International menus now
available to highlight your
individual theme
Regency Caterers
1626 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Give your wife this runaround
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That's all it takes to give her the neatest little package
on wheels. It wrings up to 40 miles from a gallon of gas
and goes over 80 miles an hour. There are reclining bucket
seats and carpets and all the extras a woman appreciates.
Give your wife this runaround. She'll love you for it.
Canada's Largest Datsun Dealer
and in Calgary at 5707 Macleod Trail
30 .df**^*
Garde Gardom
John Szogyen, BASc'51. is now vice-
president, operations for the Howe-
Richardson Scale Co. in New Jersey. He
will be responsible for the company's
manufacturing and engineering in the
United States . . . Clarence G. Yanosik,
BA'51, LLB'52, has been appointed a district judge for southern Alberta. Until
his appointment to the bench he was a
partner in a Lethbridge law firm.
Recently he served terms as president
of both the Lethbridge law society and
the civic government association . . .Mrs.
Seva Koyander (Milla Andrew), BA'52. a
member of the Sadler's Wells Opera in
London, recently appeared as Rosalinda
in Die Fledcrmaus with the Canadian
Opera Company in Toronto. Seva Koyander, BArch'53. is a partner in a London
architectural firm specializing in hotels,
offices   and   apartment   buildings.
Darell Campbell, BCom'54, is now personnel manager for the B.C. Telephone
Co. He was previously assistant controller in the company . . . Philip T. Cook,
BASc'54, formerly director of production
in the packaging division of MacMillan
Bloedel is now product manager of packaging materials . . . Mrs. John B. Large
(Barbara Nelson), BA'54 is calling Southampton, England home for the next few
years. Her husband has recently been appointed professor of acoustics at the University of Southhampton . . . Stephen
Mathews, BASc'54, wrote that he would
love to come to Reunion Days '69 but
that the distance from Pretoria, South
Africa was rather great. He included a
resume of his activities since graduation:
five years at Chalk River and then to
England to do fusion research. In 1967,
"fed up with British taxes and the
weather", he and his family moved to
South Africa where he is in charge of a
cyclotron with the Council of Scientific
and Industrial Research. ... A former
Rhodes scholar, Walter D. Young, BA'55,
MA(Oxford), PhD(Toronto), has been
named head of the UBC political science
department. A faculty member since
1962, he has been acting head since last
July . . . Thomas N. Creighton, BA'56,
was recently elected second vice-president of the Canadian Camping Association .
A lex Macdonald
After a two year post-doctoral stay in
Germany, Dr. George A. Beer, BASc'57,
MSc'59, has returned to B.C. and is now
an assistant professor at the University
of Victoria . . . Burke Corbet, BASc'57
MBA(West. Ont.), is now assistant vice-
president of Canadian Enterprise Development Corp. Richard Burke, BASc'53,
who has recently returned from Stanford
where he received his MBA, has been
appointed the company's western associate . . . UBC's new Institute of Animal
Resource Ecology is headed by Crawford
S. Holling, BA, MA(Toronto), PhD'57,
who is chairman of the Resource Sciences
Centre. The institute was formerly
named the Institute of Fisheries and the
new name denotes the expanded field of
ecology that it will study . . . David
Miller, BA'57, LLB'64, has retired after
a strenuous year as a ski instructor at
Red Mountain in Rossland ("Western
Canada's finest ski area") and is now
practising law in Nelson.
Four UBC nurses were awarded scholarships from the Canadian Nurses' Foundation for graduate work during the
current academic year. Mrs. Ethel M.
Smith (Mclntyre), BSN'57, has a $2,000
award and is attending the UBC school
of nursing. Kathleen R. Miller, BSN'58,
is studying for a master of science degree
at Yale University with a $3,000 scholarship. T. Rose Murakami, BSN'62. was
awarded $2,000 for study at McGill and
Julia E. Shannon, BSN'64 at the University of Michigan, has been awarded $3,000 . . . The Douglas Regional
College in the Fraser Valley hopes to
open its door for students next September. Its first principal is George C. Wootton, BASc'57, MASc'59, PhD'67. Dr.
Wootton, a past-president of the Graduate Student Association at UBC, was
with Atomic Energy of Canada before
becoming dean at Seneca College of Applied Arts and Technology in Toronto.
... A nurse-turned-journalist, Glennis
N. Zilm, BSN'58, has been awarded the
university medal and the International
Nickel award in journalism at Carleton
University. Before entering Carleton she
was assistant editor of the Canadian
Nurse and she plans to specialize in medical reporting. . . . Kenneth F. Arkell,
LLB'59, should make a formidable judge
of anyone disturbing the peace in Cariboo
county. The recently appointed judge is
both an ex-RCMP officer and an ex-B.C.
Lions football player.
We Package It
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on Campus (plus 9 branches)
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Vancouver, B.C.
Phone: 224-4391
31 1960s
Robert S. K. Gibson, LLB'60, MBA
(West. Ont.) has been appointed solicitor
for Canadian Breweries Ltd. in Toronto
. . . After a sabbatical year spent in New
Jersey at Princeton and Rutgers, Rev.
John C. Lancaster, BA'60, ThM(Prince-
ton), has returned to Victoria to be assistant priest at Christ Church Cathedral.
Before leaving for the United States he
spent five years as parish priest in Sooke,
Vancouver Is. . . . Donald D. Munro,
BSF'60, MS(Oregon), PhD'68, associate
professor of forestry has been named
assistant dean of the faculty. He has been
a member of the UBC faculty since
1961 ... Edward C. Roper, BSc(Alberta),
M BA'60, a former principal of the B.C.
Institute of Technology, has been named
director of the continuing education program in the UBC Faculty of Commerce
and Business Administration . . . Betty
Lois Smith, BHE'60, has been appointed
by the department of consumer affairs
as a consumer consultant in the Vancouver office. . Terence C. Bacon, LLB
'61. is now on the staff of the Canadian
high commissioner in London . . . Emeritus
Dean Earle D. MacPhee, LLD'61, complete with winged collar and bow tie,
has added another honorary degree to his
impressive list. This one is from the University of Calgary, given at a special
congregation in Banff last June. . . .
Thomas P. D'Aquino, BA'62, LLB'65,
LLM(London), is now special assistant to
the Prime Minister. Mrs. D'Aquino,
(Susan M. Peterson). BA'65, is complet-
The working life of a great Canadian painter from 1910 to 1968. The
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ing her masters in philosophy at Carleton
University where she was recently
awarded a teaching fellowship . . . Dean
E. Feltham, BCom'62, LLB'65, is now
corporate franchise manager with Thomas Shea Ltd., a Toronto real estate firm
. . . Barry M. Gough, BEd'62, PhD(Lon-
don), who has specialized in British Imperial history, is now an assistant professor in history at Western Washington
State College . . . Stanley B. Knight, BEd
'62, currently at graduate school at the
University of Oregon, has been awarded a $2,000 Dunlop Memorial scholarship . . . Stuart T. Robson, BA'62, PhD
(Oxford), has been elected to the board
of governors at Trent University. He is
an assistant professor in the university's
history department . . . H. F. (Gus)
Shurvell, MSc'62, PhD'64, has recently
returned from a two month teaching
stint at the University of Cape Town.
During his time in Africa he also lectured
at universities in Zambia, Lusaka and
Natal. He is currently associate professor
of chemistry at Queen's University .
Sponsored  by  the   United   Church   of
Canada,   Joan  Chard,   BA'63,   MA(Dal-
housie, Columbia), will be teaching English   at   the   Tokyo   Women's   Christian
College for the next two years. Between
1966   and   1967   she   taught   at   Simon
Fraser University and was later a field
worker  with   a  Japanese-American  congregation  while  she  attended  Columbia
. . . Dietrich Luth, BA'63, MA'64, is now
assistant   professor   of   anthroplogy    at
California   State   College,   Long   Beach.
Until recently he was on the staff of the
Centre   for   the   Study   of   Man   at   the
Smithsonian Institute as an anthropological bibliographer . . . Peter F. MacPherson, BCom'63, has been appointed manager of the Dawson Creek branch of the
Bank of Montreal. ... A former news
editor of the Vancouver Province, Geoffrey T. Molyneux, BA'63, is now on the
faculty at Centennial College  in Ontario .. . Harold A. Wright, BCom'63, is now
manager  of field  management  with  the
Great West Life Assurance Co . . . Dianne
C. Sachko, BA'63, is now in Sacramento,
California, where she is state curator of
art . . . Matrix, a comprehensive consulting practice has been started in Vancouver
by Byron Bentley, BA'63, BSW'64, MSW
'65, a specialist in programs for adolescents, L. Rae Ball, BA'53, BSW'64, MSW
'68. lecturer in counselling techniques at
Vancouver   City   College   and   Kenneth
Matsune,    BSW'65.    MSW'68.    formerly
with the B.C. department of social welfare.
They will be working in association with
Bernard Vinge and will offer professional
guidance on personal and group problems.
.  .  .  Former  editor  of Scan  magazine.
Charles  R.   Boyland,   BA'64,   MA'69,   is
now   on   the   staff  of  the   new   regional
college at Prince George, The College of
New Caledonia . . . Scott Hylands (who
was  Scott   Douglas  at  UBC).   BA'64,   is
now making a new film  in Yugoslavia.
After graduation he went to New York,
spending some time at the Actor's Studio
and later playing the lead in an off-Broadway production of Billy Liar. In between
Broadway  and  Hollywood  was  a  three
year   period   spent   with   the   American
Conservatory    Theatre    as    actor    and Births
Dr. Patrick McGeer
director . . . Barry Slutsky, BA'64, LLB
'66, has completed his doctoral work at
the University of London and is now
teaching at UBC as assistant professor
of law. Anthony Sheppard, BA'64. LLB
'67. a former Commonwealth Scholar,
who has been practising in Vancouver
has also joined the faculty as assistant
William G. Hall, BASc'65, is currently
attending the University of Toronto
medical school. Mrs. Hall (Frances
Plaunt), BA'63. is working as administrative assistant to the vice-president and
registrar at the university ... A Killam
predoctoral scholarship of $4,500 has
been awarded to Christopher J. Turnbull,
BA'65, who is currently studying in the
archeology department at the University
Leslie Peterson
of Calgary . . . William N. Duncan, BA'66,
probably makes really great hamburgers
now that he's director of public relations
and advertising for Macdonald's Drive-
ins of Ontario. But we'll never know as
he didn't send any samples . . . Randolph
Harrison, BSc'66. MSc(Calgary) is working on his doctorate in geology at Brown
Roberta Anne Pollock, BA'68. has been
appointed as assistant curator of the
UBC Fine Arts Gallery. She will be responsible for organizing exhibits as well
as publicity and public relations . . . Another member for the growing UBC contingent in Japan—Catherine P. Stevenson, BA'69, is now teaching English at
the International Education Centre in
Mr. and Mrs. Richard S. Cole, (Sheila S.
Croker, BA'58, BEd'59), a daughter, Elizabeth Ann. February 18, 1969 in Menlo
Park, California. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Ronald
W. Groome, BASc'61. (Jean Marsh, BSN
'63), a daughter, Catherine Anne, March
1, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
J. Edward Henderson, (Mary E. Carruthers, BA'60. BSW'61, MSW.McGill), a son,
Matthew, June 20. 1969 in Montreal, Quebec. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Ronald M. MacKenzie, BCom'68, a daughter, Shelagh
Mahri, September 27, 1969 in Vancouver.
. . . Mr. and Mrs. Peter T. Taylor, BA'62,
(Marilyn Stubbs, BA'62, BLS.McGill), a
son. David Thornton, October 13, 1969
in Phoenix, Arizona.
Ferguson - Hull. Thomas F. B. Ferguson
to Louise M. Hull. BA'61. May 18. 1968
in Ottawa. . . . Fraser - Fulton. Russell G.
Fraser BASc'58 to M. Jane Fulton, BHE
'69, October 10, 1969 in Vancouver. . . .
Harris - Jacobs. Alfred John Harris. BA
'65 to Marilyn J. Jacobs. BSc'65. September 6, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Hall-
Plaunt. William G. Hall. BASc'65 to Frances A. Plaunt, BA'6.3, June 14, 1969 in
Edmonton, Alberta. . . . Helliwell - Blackburn. John F. Helliwell. BCom'59, MA,
PhD (Oxford) to Judith Blackburn, Octo-
Export A«™»
It doesn't seem like
sponsored "Reach fo
years of interest in
years of interest in
development. So wb
competitors and this
it's because we know
five years since Dairyland
r the Top" . . . but it is! Five
the students in B.C. Five
educational and personal
en Dairyland wish future
year's grads all the best. . .
they deserve it.
Divisionof Fraser Valley Milk Producers'Association.
6/5 Burrard St., Vancouver, B.C.
Break-away in a great new
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Business College"
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1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
ber 24, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . MacLean -
Arnold. Donald W. MacLean to Jill
Arnold, BPE'67, June 27, 1969 in Vancouver. . .. Pepper - Powlett. Donald Allan
Pepper, BA'65 to Carol Jane Powlett, BA
'66, LLB'69, September 6, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Ranta - White. P. A. John
Ranta, BSc'69 to Sally A. White, BA'69,
June 7, 1969 in Vancouver. . . . Taylor-
Campbell. Richard John Taylor, BA'69 to
Mary Margaret Campbell, BA'68, May
23, 1969 in Port Coquitlam, B.C. . . .
Teetzel - Morison. Walter W. Teetzel,
BSc'69 to Sylvia Morison, BCom'69, August 23, 1969 in Vancouver.
Mrs. Ralph S. Argue (Alice M. Smith),
BA'31, May, 1965 in Vancouver. She was
the widow of Ralph Argue, BA'22 and is
survived by her son, Alexander W. Argue,
Howard S. Barton, BA'50, May 26, 1969
in Dawson Creek, B.C. He is survived by
his wife (Ethel L. Trefry, BA'46) and
three sons.
Kenneth F. Bews, BASc'32. October,
1968 in Vancouver. He is survived by his
wife, daughter, two sons (Walter John,
BSc'65) and two sisters.
Judge G. W. Bruce Fraser, BA'22, March
20, 1969 in Burnaby, B.C. After a 30
year career as a lawyer in Vancouver and
Surrey he was appointed to the bench in
1956 in the New Westminster county
court. During the Second World War he
served with the Seaforth Highlanders and
was later solicitor for the Surrey district
and active in many community organizations. He is survived by three sons (Bruce
F. Fraser, LLB'60) and four daughters.
Lino Giuriato, BCcom'44, June 23, 1969
in Vancouver. He was vice-president of
Bonus Foods Ltd., a Vancouver specialty
food company. He is survived by his wife,
sister and brother (David, BA'51).
William Herchuk, BA'63. April 1967 in
Vancouver. He is survived by his parents.
Mrs. Mona N. Hodsdon, (Graham) BA
'28. July 18. 1969 in Vancouver. She is
survived by her son.
Dr. J. Carson McGuire, BA'39, PhD(Chi-
cago). September 1969 in Austin, Texas.
He first entered UBC in 1926 but left
two years later to attend Normal School.
From 1929 to 1934 he served as principal
of Quesnel School. He returned to UBC
in 1937 and was elected AMS president
the   following   spring.   His  achievements
Write or Phone
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
ivhenever you need
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during his term of office were credited
by the Totem of 1939 as historic as they
resulted in strengthening the students'
voice in the affairs of the university. He
strongly advocated student involvement
with the university, the provincial government, the board of governors and the
public. One of his most successful schemes
was a formula for financing Brock Hall.
At the time of his death he was professor
of educational psychology at the University of Texas. He is survived by his
wife and  brother.
Arthur F. Mercer, BCom'33, September,
1969 in Vancouver. A life-long sports enthusiast, he was captain of the UBC
rugby team in the early 1930's and was
later a member of the group responsible
for bringing professional football to Vancouver. He served as the first president
of the B.C. Lions and was a director of
the team for several years. He retired
from his investment business last year
because of ill-health. Survived by his wife
(E. A. Patricia Paterson, BA'28), a daughter, Mrs. J. G. Connell (Patricia), BA
'61 and two brothers, Kendall, BCom'34
and Allan, BA'36.
Dr. Lennox A. Mills, BA'I6, MAIToron-
to). BA. PhD(Oxford). December 23,
1968 in Halifax, N.S. Dr. Mills was a
leading authority on colonial government
and imperialism, the development of the
Empire and Commonwealth and the political and economic problems of Southeast Asia. After graduation from UBC,
where he won the gold medal in history
and classics, he did postgraduate work
at several universities including Berkeley
and Harvard. In 1920 a Rhodes scholarship sent him to Oxford and he remained
in England until 1928 when he returned
to the United States as assistant professor of political science at the University of Minnesota. He was on the faculty
for 35 years, retiring in 1963 to Wolfville,
N.S.. where he taught at Acadia University. In recognition of the excellence
of his teaching the students at Minnesota named him as the oustanding teacher in the college of liberal arts in 1952
and on his retirement the university appointed him professor emeritus of political science. He is survived by his wife.
Frederick A. Oldfield, BA'29, BSA'32,
MSA'33, August 17. 1969 in Vancouver.
His entire career was spent with the
Vancouver School Board and before his
retirement last June he was head of the
science department at Britannia Secondary School. He is survived by his wife,
son, two brothers and two sisters.
Guy Lawrence Roberts, BA'59, MA'64,
April 27, 1969 in Vancouver. He is survived by his wife, daughter, parents, three
brothers and three sisters.
Dr. John D. Ross, BA'47, MA, PhD(Min-
nesota), June 28, 1969 in Philadelphia,
Penn. A specialist in cancer biology, he
was deputy director for scientific administration at the Wistar Institute in Philadelphia. He is survived by his wife (Helen
Burd, BA'48) two sons, his mother and
sister, Mrs. Ruth R, DeBrincat, BSN'47.
Paul B. Wolfe, BA'32, BCom'32, September 30. 1969 in Ottawa, Ontario. He
was an economist with the federal department of labour and is survived by
his wife, son and three daughters.      □
34 Letters
The following letters were received in
response to an article on CUSO by Joyce
Bradbury, that appeared in the autumn
issue of the CHRONICLE.
CUSO Controversy
Recently an article appeared in the
Chronicle by Joyce Bradbury entitled
"Has Success Spoiled CUSO?". There are
a number of points in it which are misleading. . . .
First, it should be explained that it is
a rather unique partnership of overseas
governments and agencies, the Canadian
government, the university community,
and private interests. Overseas governments pay the salaries of our people. The
Canadian government contributes less
than 50 per cent of the value of the programme if the salaries paid by overseas
governments are included. Faculty and
students run local recruitment and selection services. Private support comes from
individuals, Miles for Millions marches,
and business communities. The control
or direction of the programme is influenced in a sense by all of these constituents and it is rather naive to think
that any one who contributes in a substantial way, either through time and
effort or through cash, will not want to
have some say in the organization. Having said that, one of the paradoxes of
CUSO is that the Canadian government
despite the fact that it has contributed
several million dollars, has never influenced policy in terms of country placement. . . .
Concern was also expressed in the
article about the rapidly growing bureaucracy in Ottawa and it was implied that
salaries paid to staff are high. By any
standard, CUSO's volunteer staff ratio is
nowhere near any similar agency and the
growth in staff is required to a very large
degree by the demands of local committees for more information and by the need
to communicate and work more adequately with our Canadian constituencies.
. . . CUSO salaries compare favourably
with those paid by the Canadian government and the highest salary of $14,000
seems rather small considering the responsibility involved. . . .
Finally, there is concern expressed about
the changing nature and attitudes of people
now going out with the programme. ... It
is our impression that those going out
now are not substantially different in terms
of attitudes and motivation than those who
went out in earlier years. The main difference is that they are generally more
experienced and better qualified. However,
for those who are concerned they should
direct their concerns to the governments
overseas who employ and pay our people.
They want people with skills, who are
qualified. . . . The danger to CUSO was
completely missed in Mrs. Bradbury's
article. The issue is quite simple: will
Canadians continue to define the direction
of the programme, the 'kind' of person we
shall send, or will they recognize that we
no longer have control? Africans and
Asians are telling us. We had better start
listening. Their development is their business.
Bruce M. Bailey,
Director, Canadian Operations
Not far from where I sit there is a man
working in the hot tropical sun. As he
swings his hoe, the sweat runs off his
brow and into his eyes, stinging them
fiercely. His soaked, soiled cotton garments flap flimsily about as he labors up
the furrow. This man's future is not
bright, yet he is the man whom CUSO is
all about, although he is never mentioned
or even considered in Mrs. Bradbury's
article. Consequently, most of the article
is quite irrelevant! . . .
Professor Richardson says "CUSO is a
matter of individuals going out and giving
and receiving a cultural experience."
BALDERDASH! . . . How bloody arrogant and ignorant can a bunch of parochial
Canadians be? Whether Professor Richardson realizes it or not, the little man
with the bended back pays for a good
part of the CUSO programme, he pays our
bloody salaries and he's not the least
bloody bit interested in having a bunch
of snotty-nosed Canadian idealist adventurers riding his back for two years. . . .
Mrs. Bradbury says the essential underlying concern is that CUSO is losing its
identity as a volunteer, student organization where the incentive, initiative and
policy comes from local university groups
rather than a bureaucratic centre. Again,
I turn to the little brown man who seems
to have a bloody lot more common sense
than some Canadian students and more
than one Canadian journalist. The point
of this whole effort is to field overseas
the kind of qualified Canadians who put
the little brown man first. . . .
On the question of how CUSO is financed, as I mentioned earlier, the article
quite neglected that a major portion of
CUSO is paid for by the little brown man
himself—by the sweat of his bloody brow!
As to other sources of CUSO finance, the
little brown man doesn't bloody care very
much as long as CUSO personnel who get
sent ojt can do their stuff and that they do
it for him. Further on CUSO finances. The
organization is severely hindered by the
fact that its grant from the government
is on a per capita basis. Therefore the
organization has to send over a few substandard individuals in order to get enough
money to send the worthwhile people.
We've been trying to make this point with
Her Majesty's bloody thick Canadian government for some time now . . . need I
say more? . . .
Mrs. Bradbury, you are probably a very
nice young lady and you likely didn't intend c:ny harm by the article you wrote
on CUSO. However, I've been working
overseas with CUSO since 1965, first in
India, and now in Tanzania. The little
brown man and his affairs are of prime
imponance to me and I very much resented your writings which are at best
navel-gazing in a vacuum. . . .
J. M. Titsworth BSF*65
Director, CUSO-Tanzania
Dar es Salaam
A Rebuttal
Dear Mr. Titsworth:
I have been a CUSO volunteer in Tanzania for the last three years and I think
if you speak with anyone there who knew
me you will find that I am not a navel-
gazing dilettante who knows or cares
nothing about the "little brown man".
With only my reading of your letter to
go by, I find I have come to the rather
strong conclusion that you are a complete fool. . . . My evaluation ... is based
on the following aspects of your letter:
• the use of gross and insulting metaphors
on official CUSO letterhead which
would not be well received by any
Tanzanian. . . .
• your assumption that there are no alternatives to present CUSO policy and
that the efficacy of the present policy
is self-evident in the field—your arrogant statement that you and other
CUSO officials have a monopoly on
understanding and knowing how to help
the non-white peasant farmer;
• your myopic failure to see that the
people who are working to change
CUSO are not "reactionary elements"
who wish to impede development but
are people who have thought a great
deal about development and are committed to it but believe that the most
effective way they can bring it about is
to change attitudes in the rich white
developed countries so that the world's
resources can be equitably shared. . . .
I  don't think you understand the issues. Take the "numbers game", for instance. When I went out in  1966 there
were   about   10   CUSO   there   and   our
group numbered 13. Since then, and with
the demise of the Peace Corps, CUSO has
grown  to  be  the  biggest  group  in  the
country with nearly 100, therefore becoming the most apparent symbol of Tanzania's rot yet achieved self-reliance.  .  .  .
What that increase in numbers has meant
is  not  more  highly  qualified  personnel
whose business is development and whose
aim is to help the peasant farmer. It has
in fact meant more unqualified amateurs
of mediocre mentality and motivation who
collect in the urban centres and live the
typic&l life of expatriate personnel—the
Honda crowd in Dar (es Salaam). . . .
Richard M. Williams
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