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UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle [1973-03]

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The Open University:
An Idea Whose Time Has Come whafc
cable len
Cable Ten is amateur sports the big stations don't cover.
Like university football.
Cable Ten is hobby programs. Like, "How to Make Your Own Wine."
Cable Ten is what's happening at UBC.
Cable Ten'is language lectures, and travelogues, and
consumer forums.
Cable Ten is a whole lot of things you haven't seen on any other
station, and a whole lot of things that we haven't even thought of yet.
But most of all Cable Ten is community and campus involvement,
a television station that works two ways. From us to you,
and from you to us.
Got something your department would like to air on the air?
Just give us a call.
Cable Ten is the community service station of the Vancouver
Cablevision system, a wholly owned subsidiary of Premier Cablevision Limited
For more information call 327-9496. Ask for Vic Waters.
VOLUME 27, No. 1, SPRING 1973
— Introduction to a four-article
symposium on the Open University
The Sneers Have Changed To
Respect Peter Wilby
John Ellis
Clive Cocking
Clive Cocking
The Democratization of Education
Wilf Bennett
Roy Daniells, a profile Eric Green
26       BOOKS
32       ALUMNI NEWS
40       SPOTLIGHT
45       LETTERS
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER    Annette Breukelman
Alumni Media, (604-688-6819)
Mrs. R.W. Wellwood, BA'51, chairman; Frank C
Walden, BA'49, past chairman; Elaine Bougie, Arts 4;
Robert Dundas, BASc'48; Mrs. Frederick Field,
BA'42; Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock, Arts 4;
Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago);
Trevor Lautens, (BA, McMaster); Ian MacAlpine,
LLB'71; Mrs. Nathan Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart,
BA'46, MA'48, (PhD, Washington); Dr. Erich Vogt,
(BSc, MSc, Manitoba), (PhD, Princeton).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University
of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C.    (604-228-3313).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all alumni
of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year, students $1 a year.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
An Evening with
The guest speaker,
Dr. S.I. Hayakawa, is an
internationally known
semanticist and author. A native
of B.C., he recently retired as
president of California State
Monday, May 28, 1973
Hotel Vancouver
6 p.m.
The evening's program will
include the Alumni Association's
annual meeting.
Early reservations are advised for this event.
Mail to: Annual Dinner, UBC Alumni Association
6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8,
B.C. (228-3313)
Please send me tickets for the UBC Alumni
Association Annual Dinner. Enclosed is my
cheque (payable to the UBC Alumni Association,
$6.75/person)for $	
3 F
San Francisco.
Just two hours and ten minutes from Vancouver.
On a Friday-to-Sunday excursion,
the airfare is only $99.
And all it takes to buy two days there is $29.95.
That includes hotel accommodations.
A complimentary cocktail.
A $5 credit at some first-class restaurants.
A free cruise around The Bay.
And a free round trip on the cablecar.
Anytime you want to go. $29.95, plus airfare.
See your CP Air travel agent.
r< The
University w
The man with the mailbag, pictured here, symbolizes the new direction emerging in higher
education today: the drive to deliver educational
services to more people at more convenient times
and places than ever before. The mailbag contains
sophisticated learning packages to be mailed to students. It is part of a regular despatch from Britain's
Open University, the one institution which has had
the greatest influence on this new direction.
Universities around the world, in increasing numbers, are beginning to break out of their traditional
academic cloisters and — by means of everything
from flexible entrance requirements to storefront
colleges — are providing educational opportunities
to many more people who can benefit from them.
This new wave, however, has yet to be felt in
university education in British Columbia. In the case
of UBC, the educational style is as it has always
been: lecture-dominated, full-time, day-time study
from September to May each year.
Yet it is not as though many of the needs and
pressures which have led to innovations in approach
to university education elsewhere do not exist in
B.C. They do exist here; they are, in large measure,
reflective of modern urban life. It appears likely,
in fact, that there will be increasing public pressure
for greater flexibility and accessibility to our university system. As one example, a UBC Alumni Association survey of alumni opinion a year ago revealed
a very strong feeling that the University should do
more in continuing education.
In the interest of more public awareness of the
increasingly important issue of accessibility to university education, the Chronicle offers on the following pages a discussion of Britain's Open University,
its record to date, what aspects of it might profitability be implemented in B.C. and, in general, what
needs to be done to make university education available to more people in B.C. We would welcome
hearing your views on this issue. llti
Q '
The Sneers
To Respect
Peter Wilby
The largest university in Britain is now the Open University, with over 40,000 students.
Now in its third year, it has just
produced its first graduates: 867
men and women who were able to
complete their degrees in the shortest possible time because previous
successes in higher education gave
them some exemption from Open
University courses. For better or
worse, the Open University —
which requires no formal entry
qualifications and whose students
include dustmen and labourers, as
well as a former Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain — is an
established part of the British educational scene and, from now on,
its role will become more and more
important. Whether that role is the
one envisaged for it by its founders
is another matter.
But the wonder of the Open
University is that it exists at all.
It is arguably the greatest political
miracle of post-war Britain. The
idea of a "University of the Air",
as it was called through much of
its planning stage when getting a degree through television and radio
seemed the most distinctive and exciting aspect, was first mooted publicly by Harold Wilson in a speech
in Glasgow in September 1963. The
notion was wholly typical of those
heady days, when the new Labour
leader was launching an election
campaign that, a year later, was to
end in narrow success.
It combined, in a single slogan,
the chief passions of that remarkable campaign: education, technological progress and equality. Wilson's speech, in the language of the
time, envisaged "a dynamic program providing facilities for home
Walton Hall, the humble headquarters at Bletchely, outside
London, of Britain's pioneering
new 'second chance' university,
the Open University.
study". As a department of education publication put it some years
later, the Open University "both
resulted from scientific progress
and will, it is hoped, contribute to
The years of Labour government
—1964 to 1970 — were, for the most
part, years of disillusionment for
British radicalism. Many of the
grand designs described in the election campaign were shelved. Yet
the Open University survived those
six years of economic crises, cuts
in public expenditure, freezes and
squeezes. It even survived the election — six months before its first
broadcast lecture — of a new government which had threatened, on
several occasions, to strangle it at
The OU survived, not merely because it was part of Wilson's
technological revolution, but also
because the idea had a place in the
very soul of the Labour Party. After
Labour's return to power, Wilson
appointed Miss Jennie (now Baroness) Lee as Minister of Arts at the
Department of Education. It was
her job to establish the OU.
Miss Lee was the widow of
Aneurin Bevan, a fiery, impassioned Welshman, who was the leader
and the conscience of Labour's left-
wing during most of post-war Britain until his death in 1960. Like
many early Labour stalwarts, he
was a self-educated man and had
left school to work in the mines at
14. Partly by voracious reading in his spare time and partly by a period
of study at a Labour College in London, Bevan, said his university-
educated wife, came to know "a
great deal more about history,
philosophy, poetry, economics,
than I did." This convinced her that
"there is a group of natural scholars
at every income level", that there
were thousands like her husband
who did not have university degrees
only because they had never had
a chance.
This deeply-held conviction sustained Miss Lee through six years
of struggle to bring the OU to birth.
According to one of her colleagues
in the government, the Open owed
nearly everything to Miss Lee's
"utter unreasonableness — you can
say 'No' to her until you're blue
in the face, and she assumes you've
said 'Yes' and carries on."
There was a powerful argument,
on grounds of social justice, for the
OU's establishment. Britain's
higher education system is essentially elitist. Even now, only 15 per
cent of 18-year-olds go on to higher
education; in 1961, it was only
seven per cent. Every year, thousands of students — including those
with qualifications well above the
minimum — fail to get into university. Others drop out even earlier:
according to one government report, nearly half the pupils in the
top 10 per cent of the ability range,
during the 1950s, were leaving
school at 16. On a fairly conservative basis, it was estimated that a
million people in Britain who had
never had a higher education were
capable of getting a degree. And
opinion surveys suggested that at
least 10 per cent would be willing
to study through an Open University.
Despite these encouraging signs,
there was widespread scepticism,
both  political  and  academic.   In
1965, for example, a Conservative
MP described the projected OU as
"just another of the Prime Minister's gimmicks." Even after a
White Paper setting out the government's plans had been published in
1966, Sir Edward (now Lord)
Boyle, the Conservative spokesman on education, was calling the
proposed University of the Air "a
non-saga of considerable length."
A correspondent in The Times said
it seemed "likely to remain a pious
aspiration." But the establishment
of a Planning Committee, which in
cluded the Vice-Chancellor of
Cambridge University, the present
and former Vice-Chancellors of
Sussex University, the best-known
of the new universities created in
the 1960s, and the ubiquitous Lord
Goodman, chairman of the Arts
Council and solicitor and confidante
of the Prime Minister, confirmed
that the government's intentions
were serious. By 1969, the University had a Vice-Chancellor, a Royal
Charter and the outlines of an academic syllabus.
Hostility in established academic
circles, however, grew as the University became a reality. A university, it was argued, must be a community of scholars — the OU could
not possibly be anything of the sort.
"Broadcasting is certainly an educational instrument, but not an educational institution", remarked one
commentator. Dr. Walter Perry,
the Vice-Chancellor, has recalled
that when he gave talks about the
OU in late 1968 and early 1969,
"there was profound scepticism,
garnished with ridicule and hostility. The idea of the 'University of
the Air' had been far too long
thought of as a political gimmick to
remain a respectable and credible
academic proposition. The very
name suggested 'taking a degree by
watching the telly' — and no academic could believe in that."
There were, however, 1,200
applications — all from very well-
qualified people — for the top 30
academic jobs. The quality of these
first appointments silenced many
critics. The quality of the course
materials that were later turned out
changed them into friends.
By now, the shape and direction
of the University were clear. The
basic original vision had not been
altered. The late Lord Crowther,
the OU's first Chancellor, saw it
catering for those who "drop out
through failures in the system,
through disadvantages of their environment, through mistakes of
their own judgment, through sheer
bad luck."
But the Open was to be, in every
sense, a university and it would
offer degrees. Those degrees would
be every bit as good as those offered
by other British universities. There
would be no compromise on standards. This meant that it would not
offer, at first, some of the things
Harold Wilson had talked about in
1963, such as one-year modern lan
guage courses that could be taken
not only by overseas sales executives in industry but also by families
planning to take a holiday abroad.
Nor could it make concessions to
those who had left school at 14 or
15 and had no formal education —
much less an academic education
— for 20 or 30 years. The OU gave
its blessing to the "Gateway"
courses provided by the
Cambridge-based National Extension College in 1970-71, but it did
not itself provide any preparatory
courses. The Vice-Chancellor believed "that it was necessary for the
Lab assistant cuts rock samples
for Open University science
students. fcO     *-       r*    &*#&    i
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PGYA PGYB new institution to be seen to be
capable of offering first-class university level courses before it could
itself embark upon the creation of
pre-university preparatory courses,
however desirable; otherwise our
reputation as a university would be
in jeopardy."
But, in June 1970, with the election of a Conservative government,
it appeared that these and other considerations might become irrelevant. For the Conservatives in
opposition had threatened the very
survival of Jennie Lee's "one
glimmer of light in a dim world".
Sir Edward Boyle had warned that
a Conservative government could
not guarantee to finance the OU at
the level envisaged by Labour. Iain
Macleod, the Shadow Chancellor of
the Exchequer, went further. Dismissing the OU as a "blithering
nonsense", he stated quite categorically that he "would not provide
the money for a university of the
With in weeks of the Conservative
election, Macleod was dead. That
accident of history may well have
saved the OU. But, during the election campaign, the Conservatives
had begun to tone down their hostility to the University. Several thousand people had already applied to
it. A decision to close it would clearly have been very unpopular with
a substantial number of people, including many of the cultivated
middle-classes and aspiring skilled
workers who are potential but far
from certain Conservative voters.
What really saved the OU, however, was the Tories' realisation
that it could ultimately provide a
cheap means of absorbing the fast
rising demand for higher education
from 18-year-olds. The "second
chance" university, it was realised,
could eventually provide more first
Its cheapness is perhaps the most
outstanding feature of the OU. The
average recurrent cost per student
is already down to about one-
quarter that at a traditional university. Yet only when the OU has
about 70,000 students will full
economies of scale be achieved. It
is true that it has a higher drop-out
rate than the conventional university. But, even if the rate were 80
per cent, the cost per graduate
would still be less.
The OU, then, far from being a
drain on the nation's resources,
could be turned into a vast cost-
saving exercise. The government
immediately made its intentions
clear to the University authorities.
The OU warned that teaching techniques developed for mature adults
would not necessarily be suitable
for 18-year-old school-leavers.
Nevertheless, it agreed last year to
accept 500 students under the age
of 21 in 1974. Half of them will have
the normal minimum entry qualification for a degree course in a conventional university, the other half
will have no formal qualifications
at all. Both the government and the
OU stress that this is "an experiment." But no-one has any doubt
about the ultimate aim. In the meantime — until the OU's cost savings
can, so to speak, be built into the
higher education system as a whole
— the Conservatives cut its budget
and the University had to reduce
its planned annual intake for 1972
and 1973 from 25,000 to 20,000.
The 18-year-olds who take advantage of the new experiment will
Shipping staff test science kits
prior to sending out to OU science
find the OU different from other
universities in more ways than one.
Its degrees, for example, are offered on a credit basis. Six credits are
needed for an ordinary degree, eight
for an honours degree.
At present, the University offers
five "foundation" courses: in
humanities, social science, maths,
science and technology. Each
course carries one credit and at least
two must be obtained before the student continues to second, third and
fourth level courses. The latter can
either be taken all at one level to
make a fairly general degree or the
student can pursue a specialized degree by following the same subject
through to the higher levels. At least
two credits at the higher levels,
however, are compulsory for the
award of an honours degree. Most
other British universities offer prepackaged courses; none offer anything like as much choice as the
The Open University's multimedia teaching methods are already
world-famous. They are a unique
combination of radio and television
instruction (which, in its sophisticated use of diagrams, films, experimental equipment and other illustrative materials has gone far beyond the orthodox straight-
to-camera lecture), correspondence
texts (which, again, are far more
sophisticated than textbooks), and
face-to-face teaching. The old jibe
of "taking a degree by watching the
telly" has receded. In fact, of the
minimum of 10 hours a week of
study needed for an OU degree only
9 one is spent watching TV.
The OU's Institute of Educational Technology employs 25 full-
time staff to develop and implement
new learning methods and systems.
The face-to-face teaching is provided by counsellors (who look
after students' general problems)
and class tutors (who deal with specific academic problems). They are
available at a network of 250 local
study centres, where students have
an opportunity to meet and discuss
their problems with each other as
well as with the tutors, who are
mostly lecturers in other universities or higher education colleges
and are employed part-time by the
OU. The study centres have tapes
of all OU broadcast programs, so
that students can use them for revision or to catch up when they have
missed a program.
The counselling and tutoring at
the study centres is voluntary. But
all foundation course students are
required to attend a one-week residential summer school.
Assessment is based partly on
orthodox unseen end-of-course
exam papers and partly on continuous assessment. The latter comprises computer-marked and tutor-
marked assignments. Both types of
assignment are dealt with by post
and the correspondence tutor who
does the marking is not the same
as the class tutor.
The correspondence texts and instructional kits (which include a
home experiment kit for science
students) and the television and
radio broadcasts have been an
almost unqualified success. Established universities, at home and
abroad, have expressed interest in
using them. The OU is probably the
only university with a Director of
Marketing. Harper and Row, the
American publishers, have signed
an agreement with the OU, to market its course texts, which is worth
at least £ 2million (about $4.8 million) over the next four years. Four
American universities are using OU
teaching material for a one-year
The sneers of conventional universities in Britain have changed to
respect. For OU academics have
done what, ideally, all university
teachers should do. They have decided on their objectives, they have
planned how to attain them, they
have used different media to implement them, they have researched
into the effectiveness of their
methods and (inevitably) they have
exposed themselves to public criticism. All this has put the traditional
amateurism of British university
teaching under severe strain. Many
conventional university academics
know that students no longer attend
their lectures because they can get
what they want from OU broadcasts.
The face-to-face teaching and
counselling has been less satisfactory. Contact between tutor and
student has, inevitably, been spasmodic. Because they are part-time,
the tutors are not always adequately
familiar with the aims and philosophies behind the OU courses. But
the main goal has been achieved:
the high drop-out rate to which all
part-time correspondence courses
are prone has been significantly
reduced. In fact, 60 per cent
of the students who had started a
foundation course finished with a
credit. Early guesses, based on previous experience of correspondence education, had been that the
proportion would be about one-half.
It is, of course, too early to know
what proportion of OU students
will eventually get a degree. A
meaningful figure would be difficult
to calculate. A student does not
have to obtain his degree through
three or four consecutive years of
study. A student who has dropped
out after gaining a foundation
course credit may well return several years later for a second level
course. Some students take a
foundation course simply to extend
their knowledge and have no intention of going further. What we do
know is that, so far, (excepting the
early drop-outs from the foundation
courses, who clearly find that they
have bitten off more than they can
chew) the pass rate on both foundation and second level courses is an
average of 70 per cent, with the arts
students having the highest pass
rate and the maths students the lowest.
Despite these successes, a large
question mark looms over what
many people see as the OU's fundamental aim: compensating for social
disadvantage. So far, it has failed
almost completely to attract large
numbers of working-class applicants. The OU is very much a
middle-class concern. A third of the
students are teachers, a tenth are
housewives, an eighth are profes
sional men and women. Technicians — draughtsmen, computer
programmers, etc, — account for
another eighth. In the first two
years, everything possible was done
to keep the middle-class contingent
to a minimum. An occupational
quota system was imposed so that
while a metal worker who applied
was almost certain to be accepted,
a teacher would only have a slightly
better   than   even   chance.
Closer analysis of OU students
shows that, though few of them are
working-class now (judged by their
own occupational status) many of
them came from working-class
backgrounds (judged by their parents' occupations). Thus, it might
be argued that though the OU has
not dragged people up from the bottom of the ladder, it has given an
extra shove to those who are
already socially mobile.
But even this attractive argument
must be treated with some caution.
Many of the OU students with
working-class origins are teachers
and they are taking degrees simply
because, in their profession, it has
a direct cash value, as well as enhancing promotion prospects. It is
doubtful if this can be described as
a contribution to increasing social
equality and mobility. Teaching in
Britain is already a widely-recognized avenue of upward social
mobility for the bright working-
class youngster. It is the lack of mobility in other fields that is the
If the purpose of the OU was to
give second chances to the working-
classes, then it has, almost certainly, failed. And that failure was probably inevitable. The level of its
courses, its teaching methods and
its tone are all bound to deter the
working man.
The OU was founded on the
assumption that a man or woman
needing a second chance needs an
academic degree course. But most
of the drop-out from English education occurs not at the threshold to
university but at the age of 15 or
16. What most working people need
are second chances to obtain sub-
degree qualifications. They need
not an Open University, but an
open high school. The OU is a good
second chance for those who just
missed university, as did most of
the non-graduate teachers who are
now taking its courses.
Furthermore, the OU's teaching methods, excellent though they are,
are hardly suitable for a man or
woman who has not undergone formal academic instruction, at least
since 15 or 16. OU lectures and
course materials inevitably assume
a common middle-class language
and culture. They must adopt a
subject- not a student-centred
approach. Indeed, its educational
approach is, in some respects, conservative, not radical. Though it can
provide choice of courses, it cannot, with so many thousands involved and so little personal contact, provide any individual flexibility within the units. It cannot,
therefore, relate the subject-matter
to the student's own personal
everyday experiences, particularly
in the factory and the workshop.
It must rest on a pedagogic
approach, not on the most modern
educational ideas of problem-
solving and freedom for the student
to determine each successive step
in his studies. The OU's lecturers
and tutors must direct not guide
their students.
The OU still believes that, with
better publicity, it can attract more
working-class students. Most of the
news and feature coverage it gets
is in the "quality" middle-class
papers. A survey carried out just
before the OU's first broadcasts
showed that less than one person
in three had heard of it and that less
than half of those who had heard
of it had realised that no formal
qualifications were needed for admission. Now, from its limited publicity budget, it plans an advertising
campaign directed mainly at the
But we have seen that its commitment to academic standards makes
the OU reluctant to undertake the
preparatory and remedial work that
would almost certainly be necessary if a working man, even with
intelligence and aptitude well above
the average, were to tackle one of
its degree courses. Perhaps the OU
could only have tapped large sections of the working-classes if it had
operated in conjunction, not with
a correspondence course, but with
a local technical college course. The
British technical college tradition
understands the working-man and
his needs in a way that the university tradition never has done.
Do I see any future role for the
OU in reducing social inequality?
Optimistically perhaps,  I  do.  Its
first task, of course, is to continue
absorbing the backlog of people
wanting second chances, regardless
of whether they are middle-class or
working-class. Annual applications
to the OU dropped from 42,000 for
1971 to 32,000 for 1973. This was
no bigger drop than expected (it
may have been caused to some extent by shorter application periods)
and it is unlikely that the available
places will exceed the applications
for several years. The OU's second
task is to provide "post-experience
courses" for those who do not have
qualifications but need updating or
retraining because their knowledge
is obsolescent. Five such courses
— lasting a maximum of one year
and leading to a course certificate
—have just started, in such subjects
as computers, electronics and children's reading development.
In 10 or 20 years, says its Vice-
Chancellor, post-experience courses may form the bulk of the OU's
work. But another role is likely
to become increasingly prominent:
supplementing the higher education provision for school-leavers.
Already there is talk of some British
students taking a new two-year full-
time Diploma of Higher Education
and then being able to upgrade it
to a degree through part-time OU
study. Co-operation between the
OU and other universities, polytechnics and colleges is likely to increase in this and other ways. This
could mean that the OU, like the
rest of British higher education, will
find the bulk of its student entry
determined by formal school-
leaving examinations. But it could
equally well mean that the OU's
philosophy will permeate the other
institutions and that British higher
education will at last be freed from
the tyranny of exam certificates. It
might then move from an elitist to
a genuinely mass system of higher
education. At present, Britain provides three years' full-time higher
education for a few. In the future,
it may actually provide less full-time
higher education but make part-
time higher education available to
most of its people. In any such development — and in a world where
a full-time course is often obsolescent before a student completes it, it
is less improbable than it might
initially seem — the OU would
clearly play a critical role. □
Peter Wilby is education correspondent for The London Observer.
Correspondence education is an
important part of the Open
University function.
11 0
Why We Should Create
A BC-Style
Open University
become the most widely endorsed educational innovation in recent years. Two Royal Commissions — Ontario's and Alberta's —
have recommended the establishment of an open university for their
provinces. The Honourable Eileen
Dailly, B.C.'s Minister of Education, has expressed considerable interest in the concept, and the idea
is under active consideration or
embryonic development in many
other parts of the world including
California, New York State and
There is a growing body of evidence that suggests that the British
experiment is succeeding. This has
led some enthusiasts to recommend
a quick trip to Britain — cheque
book in hand — the purchase of
the excellent video-tapes and teaching materials produced by the Open
University, and the speedy establishment of our own open university. This just wouldn't work.
It wouldn't work for at least three
reasons. First, the assumptions
which are central to the Open University are not widely understood
and even where they have been understood they have not been universally accepted — particularly by
academics. Second, the circumstances which have made possible
the British success have not been
clearly identified and interpreted.
And third, none of the hard planning
has been done that would ensure
a faithful translation of the concept
to a vastly different context.
These three issues merit a serious
examination. And such examination could very well lead to a sensitive, enlightened and appropriate
application of the Open University
John Ellis
idea to British Columbia. Of equal
importance, it could give to higher
education here a fresh sense of mission, now so badly lacking.
What, then, are the assumptions
central to the Open University?
There are two. First, there are
many individuals in society who
both desire and can profit from academic study but who are unable,
for a variety of reasons, to attend
university. Perhaps they have family responsibilities, or vocational responsibilities, or they live too far
from a campus, or they are unable
to meet formal admission requirements. Second, it is possible to offer
learning opportunities of high quality at locations remote from a university campus — locations which
include students' homes.
Accessibility to higher education
learning opportunities has improved greatly in recent years. The
building of new universities and colleges in B.C. and the enlarging of
existing ones have increased accessibility, as have modifications to institutional practices including admissions policies (mature student
entry, course challenge, etc.). The
community colleges have been
particularly energetic in removing
artificial barriers to access. In so
doing, apparently, the quality of
student performance has not suffered. The investigations of Dr. John
Dennison of UBC's Faculty of
Education indicate that during the
third year at university the achievement of students who entered as
freshmen is virtually indistinguishable from those who transferred
from colleges after the second year.
Many of this latter group would not
have been admitted to any B.C. university as freshmen.
Accessibility to further education
has been improved. But the opportunity to learn is still effectively
denied to substantial numbers of
citizens, particularly those who live
at some distance from a college or
university, who have personal or
vocational obligations during the
normal institutional day, and especially those who desire academic
studies at the third and fourth year
The second assumption — that
a university can offer high quality
instruction without a campus—carries profound instructional, social
and economic consequences. It forces an examination of curricular and
instructional methodology. It
denies the importance of the campus as an agency for socializing the
intellectual elite. And it suggests
very clearly that the fantastic costs
of capital facilities — lecture halls,
seminar rooms, cafeterias and parking lots need not be the concomitants of quality learning. One can understand why many
academics are less than enthusiastic
about a non-campus university. For
some, whose teaching program requires elaborate installations of
equipment, the concern is understandable and, in many instances,
legitimate. But for others, to deny
the importance of a campus is to
threaten a style of life which is reasonably comfortable and pleasant.
And for a few (very few one would
hope) the disappearance of campus
instruction would lead to the incineration of some moldy lecture
notes and the abandonment of some
ill-prepared, fuzzy-minded seminars.
But surely this is not the point.
Universities do not, or at least they
should not, exist for the comfort and
convenience of the faculty. They
exist for two purposes: the discovery and dissemination of knowledge. If this latter function is being
carried on in a way which fails to
meet the needs of significantly large
groups of learners, new delivery
systems must be found even if it
means threatening the traditional
working environment of the professor.
In short, the assumptions of the
Open University — beliefs, if you
will — have not yet been endorsed
widely. Laymen are largely unaware of them; academics are fearful of them. The universities in British Columbia, and Canada, for that
matter, continue to act as though
higher education is for the young,
full-time student who is able to
travel to a central facility. Furthermore, most professors still seem to
believe that personally delivered
lectures in campus lecture halls are
the essential condition for learning.
It should be obvious that if an
organization is to be successful it
must have a "goodness of fit" with
the environment in which it operates. In most respects, the Open
University fits logically and naturally into the British context. The
mechanisms through which it operates are sensible and harmonious,
and where the environment didn't
fit, adaptations have been made.
What then, are the circumstances
that have made possible the early
success of the Open University?
First of all, it has had the vigorous
and tangible support of government. In fact, it was created by
government. Educators do not like
to admit that they have not initiated
most of the major changes in education. Certainly, if it had been left
to British educators there would
have been no Open University. All
of the established universities were
given the opportunity to sponsor it
and they all refused. Government
sponsorship has led to adequate
funding and has not, apparently, resulted in governmental meddling.
Secondly, the Open University
was made autonomous from the
start. It was empowered to grant
its own degrees and did riot have
to rely on the unlikely charity of
Oxford and Cambridge. Two cases
in point, much closer to home are
worth noting. B.C.'s regional colleges were almost throttled by the
sanctimonious and niggling behaviour of the universities in not
accepting transfer courses. And
Alberta's proposed version of the
Open University, the Academy, is
doomed to failure because, as it is
planned, it will rely on the cooperation of universities to accept its
transfer credit and award its degrees.
The geographic size and the
population density of Britain were
existing circumstances which have
had a major effect in easing logistical problems. The travelling tutors
have relatively short journeys. The
movement of books and equipment
can be accomplished relatively
quietly and inexpensively. In contrast, B.C. has one twenty-fifth the
population in an area at least four
times as large.
Similarly, the already existing
network of communications and institutions provided the Open University with a ready-made distribution and support system. Television
and radio signals reach virtually all
of Britain. Institutional and public
libraries of high quality are accessible to support the learning needs
of the vast majority of potential students. In contrast, the proposed Alberta Academy will rely on yet
another proposed agency, the Access Network. This latter will require the installation of twenty-nine
microwave facilities and several
television studios all at a cost exceeding $30 million dollars. Assuming that a British Columbia' 'Open''
university were to make use of television, similar exorbitant costs
could be anticipated. And, of
course, the existing library services
throughout British Columbia and
Alberta are minimal.
A fifth circumstance which has
contributed to the early success of
the British experiment has been the
existence of substantial numbers of
potential students. Even today,
after a period of very rapid expansion in the conventional universities, places are available to only
one of every two qualified applicants. Not long ago the proportion
of applicants admitted was significantly lower. Thus, it seems likely
that the Open University will continue to have large numbers of applicants. Not only is there a pool of
potential students but there will be
continuing additions to the pool. In
British Columbia, the number of potential students would have to be
determined. It might prove to be
proportionately smaller. But then
again, levels of aspiration and need
differ from country to country and
make straight line projections dangerous.
Finally, and most important of
all, the nature of the curriculum of
the Open University has contributed to its success. Its three-year BA
degree consists of only six courses
(eight for honors) and the total
number of undergraduate courses
offered is not likely to go much beyond 30. Admittedly each course
is larger in scope than its North
American counterpart (two and a
half times a UBC course or five
times a semester course). But even
taking that into account, it is drastically different from Canadian and
American practice.
A restricted curriculum has had
a number of beneficial consequences. It has produced an economy
of scale because, obviously, if there
are fewer courses, enrollments will
be higher in each. Thus, the considerable costs of television and print
production can be achieved at a
lower unit cost. Furthermore,
course production has been undertaken by professors and technologists working together — a novel
and beneficial "first" in higher education.
Those who would question this
relative lack of free course selection
for students should ponder two of
Clark Kerr's witticisms. "To determine the size of an institution's
faculty, count up its courses and
divide by two" and "A university
faculty is a group of entrepreneurs
held together by a common concern
over parking.'' Pe rhaps our curriculum smorgasbord is less an honest
13 effort to meet the learning need of
students and more a kind of academic territorial imperative.
The foregoing discussion indicates very clearly that the British
Open University in its existing form
could not be transplanted successfully to British Columbia. This
should not be surprising because the
British have developed a method of
operation that fits well with local
conditions. The B.C. context is
vastly different.
However, simply because the
Open University's means may not
be appropriate to B.C. should not
imply that its ends are inappropriate. To put it the other way, if
we assume (with the British) that
there are citizens who desire the opportunity to learn but are unable to
take advantage of our existing educational arrangements, then we
must devise new ones.
If we could achieve a coordination of effort among the universities
and colleges of B.C. the idea of
"open universities" could be
realized relatively rapidly and without undue expense. Naturally, this
would call for a commonly agreed
upon and suitably lean curriculum
which would meet the aspirations
of a good many potential students.
It would also call for free transferability of certain courses within the
system of higher education, the
modification of instructional methodology and institutional hours to
meet the requirements of learners
living nearby, and the programming
of various courses through, perhaps, print and audiotape for those
in more remote locations. It might
mean that a professor would take
up residence in Burns Lake or
Osoyoos. It might mean that tutorials were conducted by telephone or
that certain classes met once every
three weeks for several hours rather
than three times each week for one
hour. It would probably not mean
TV teaching because television instruction is expensive, inflexible
and awkward, given our topography. But it would certainly mean
that the quality of instruction would
improve because courses would
have to be carefully planned.
All of this is possible — but it
is unlikely to happen. Arrangements like those suggested could
serve learners very well and they
are within our capability. But they
would infringe on current perceptions of academic freedom and institutional autonomy. University
senates move at an incredibly slow
pace, reflecting the professional
conservatism of the academic and
the ponderous decision-making process of the faculties.
One would hope that our senior
educational institutions would
adapt their operating procedures to
meet the learning requirements of
more of our citizens. This could be
done, as the British have shown,
without the sacrifice of academic
quality. But it seems too much to
hope for.
Perhaps, as in Britain, the enlargement of educational opportunity will require external pressure.
If that occurs we will have once
more demonstrated that education
is too important a matter to be left
solely to the educators. □
SFU education professor John Ellis
has visited and studied the Open
University. A member of Capilano
College council, he has a special
interest in increasing accessibility
to higher education.
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14 0
New Conditions Dictate
New Directions
For Universities
times that of British Columbia
jammed into one quarter the area of
this province. This basic fact, in the
opinion of A.E. Soles, BA'51,
MEd'68, superintendent of post-
secondary services in the B.C.
department of education, will determine how far B.C. goes toward
adopting the Open University concept which has recently caught the
imagination of many educators.
"We could not adopt wholesale
the Open University concept from
Britain because we simply do not
have the population base for it —
it's entirely dependent on a very
large population base," said Soles.
"But we could adopt some of its
qualities or some of its practices."
In fact, Soles is convinced that
for a variety of reasons, B.C. must
move in the direction of some form
of Open University. For one thing,
it is an accepted responsibility of
the department of education to provide the opportunity for post-
secondary education to as many
people as possible, and while equality of educational opportunity has
been expanded recently with the
development of community colleges, much more remains to be
done. There are, for example,
people living in sparsely settled
outlying areas who are not yet
reached by present post-secondary
education services. And the situation has now arisen where, in the
college regions, many older people,
housewives, and working people
who have completed two years of
college work on part-time study find
themselves at an educational deadend because they cannot get away
to live in Vancouver or Victoria to
complete university degrees.
Not only is there a social need
to provide more flexible, accessible
post-secondary education throughout the province, but Soles believes
the demand for it is also growing.
Clive Cocking
Young people seem to be adopting
new approaches to education, interrupting their studies with periods of
work and shifting more into vocational and technical programs than
the purely academic — perhaps
seeking a general education after
they have prepared themselves for
jobs. And on top of this, there is
in B.C. a tremendous, growing interest in continuing education. "We
have a quarter of a million people
engaged, in one way or another, in
continuing education programs,"
said Soles. "It's time that we began
to take them very seriously."
Soles pointed out that there is a
good foundation in B.C. now on
which to build a form of Open University. There are three public universities, one private university and
a provincial institute of technology.
There are, as well, nine community
colleges located in the various regions of the province. The Open
University would likely ultimately
have to be a separate institution,
as it is in Britain, with its own
central campus and its own provincial media centre. It could be organized around the community colleges as regional study centres
where students enrolled in the correspondence courses could go for
help or short courses, and where
some of the Open University programs could be given.
Much of the expertise also exists
for developing trie learning packages — which are much different
from the old correspondence
courses — for people to study by
mail. Almost all of the community
colleges have developed some
learning packages. These packages
include textbooks, assignments,
slides and cassette tapes. Soles believes university faculty could make
a valuable contribution in developing learning packages for an Open
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eventually to TV  and videotape
As for the courses to be offered
through a B.C. Open University,
Soles says he would be inclined to
follow quite closely the British
example of integration of courses.
"One thing an Open University
here should do is integrate studies
in a more direct way than has been
the case in the past," he said. "We
shouldn't be dealing as much with
the inviolate, sacrosanct course,
but offering more integrated study
For example, he said, one of the
foundation courses offered at Britain's Open University is a comprehensive program called, Understanding Society. It brings together
studies in economics, political science, sociology, psychology and so
on into a meaningful structure.
Similar integrated programs are offered in mathematics, history and
Soles believes, however, that it
would be a mistake to develop a
B.C. Open University just for the
purpose of producing more people
with university degrees. Its purpose
must be broader than that. He argues that such an institution should
also be a means for making some
technical and vocational programs
more accessible, as well as offering
general interest education programs
to more people.
The approach to developing a
form of Open University for B.C.,
he believes, should be cautious and
carefully-considered. Aside from
the importance of establishing the
best organization and creating good
educational programs, the cost factor dictates caution. For while it is
true that the operating cost of
Britain's Open University per student is much lower than that of traditional universities, the cost of
starting the OU was enormous.
Development of the OU's courses
and learning packages was very expensive and a similar institution in
B.C. would be confronted with
similar high costs. British Columbia's problem, Soles said, is that the
institution's initial enrolment would
not likely be as large as Britain's
OU had to bring the costs into line.
But once an organizational
framework is established for a form
of Open University, Soles maintained that it's the sort of institution
that could be allowed to evolve and
grow as conditions warrant. □ 0
Time For A Change
In UBC's Educational
educational philosophy between
Britain's Open University and the
University of British Columbia.
Whereas the Open University specifically caters to part-time students
seeking degrees, UBC, by regulation, specifically prohibits students
from obtaining degrees by part-time
study alone. This narrow approach
to higher education by UBC is outdated and must be changed, according to Gordon Selman, director of
the Centre for Continuing Education. UBC must open its doors
wider to part-time students.
"UBC is way behind most major
universities on this continent from
the point of view of making degrees
available on the basis of part-time
study," says Selman. "I don't suppose there's another city the size
of Vancouver in North America
where such opportunities are not
Simon Fraser University, Selman points out, has more progressive policies in this regard than
UBC. SFU makes no distinction
between part-time and full-time students. The problem is that the part-
time program, so far, is small and
the offerings few, so that it isn't yet
viable for students to obtain degrees
at SFU by part-time study alone.
Whether or not British Columbia
develops some form of Open University, Selman maintains that it's
essential for UBC to make provision for students to earn bachelor
degrees in arts, science and possibly
a few professional programs
through evening and part-time
study. There is a growing social
Clive Cocking
need and public demand for such
a development. The Open University is indicative of the direction in
which higher education is generally
moving. Selman points out that recent commissions studying higher
education in Alberta, Ontario and
the massive Carnegie Commission
on Higher Education in the United
States have all come to similar conclusions. "The one theme that consistently runs through it all is that
in the future people of all ages must
have access to the educational process, they must be able to return
to their education at various points
throughout their lives. And basic to
that is the need to make bachelor
level degrees available on a part-
time basis."
Selman notes that a year ago a
UBC senate committee investigating the need for part-time degree
programs recommended that the
University encourage the development of such programs and called
on each faculty to clear away existing restrictions and expand part-
time study opportunities. The faculties are to report this spring on what
they have done. Selman hopes that
the result will be for the University
to move vigorously into opening its
doors wider for part-time degree
Selman, however, is concerned
at the attitude displayed by many
faculties toward this issue, "One of
the things that alarmed me was that
when the senate committee on part-
time degree programs asked the faculties if there was, in their opinion,
a demand for, or a need for, achieving degrees on a part-time basis, the
faculties said, 'no'. The faculties
17 may not know there is a demand
for this, but, from my contact with
the community colleges and the inquiries we receive at the centre regarding credit courses, I think there
is no doubt but that there is a very
considerable demand."
He points out that many people
who have completed two years of
academic work by part-time study
at community colleges want to continue to do the same at university.
And there is a growing trend for
young people to combine work and
education. It's significant, he says,
that while full-time enrolments in
Canadian universities have risen 35
per cent in the last five years, the
enrolment of part-time credit students has risen 120 per cent in the
same period.
The opposition to providing part-
time degree opportunities, he suggests, stems from the belief on the
part of many academics that the
part-time approach is educationally
inferior. "Some people feel that to
provide degrees by part-time study
alone means that you are providing
a lesser experience, a degree with
less academic validity than one
earned on the basis of full-time
study. There is no evidence that I'm
aware of that supports this view."
The academic results of part-time
students, he points out, are consistently as good as those of full-time
It's important, in Selman's view,
that UBC move strongly into the
field of part-time degree programs.
But this should be considered just
one step toward making the University's educational services more
widely available. The Open University should not, however, be simply
transplanted to B.C. Rather, Selman argues, what should be adopted is the Open University's basic
attitude of making satisfactory university level study available to people throughout the province. Once
that attitude is adopted, then methods suited to B.C. needs should
be devised to do the job in the best
way possible.
Selman suggests that, in view of
B.C.'s relatively small population,
the best approach might be for the
three public universities to cooperate in their outreach programs.
SFU and UBC, for example,
should jointly establish a downtown
university centre where educational
programs could be offered. The universities together could develop
more sophisticated correspondence
courses supplemented with audiovisual teaching aids. The community colleges could be used for regional seminars and credit courses put
on by college faculty under university guidance. And arrangements
could be made with existing broadcasting systems for educational
But aside from this, the most immediate need, on the part of UBC,
is to offer part-time degree programs. In a sense, UBC, as the province's senior university, has no
real choice, says Selman. "I don't
think UBC would be wise to try
to exercise a choice and stay out
of this kind of thing. Certainly the
public would suffer and we as an
institution would suffer. The need
is there and I think it's the direction
of the future that more and more
university study will be done on a
part-time basis and we as an institution would be making a great mistake if we didn't move with some
vigour toward providing greatly increased services to the part-time
degree-seeking student."□
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Wilf Bennett
It is ironic that the greatest
change in British Columbia post-
secondary education over the past
decade has occurred virtually unnoticed. While public attention has
been focused, through the news
media, largely on the universities —
their problems of growth, government and student unrest — an entirely new sector has emerged: the
community colleges. The development has been extremely important
since the colleges have pioneered in
providing a new pattern of accessible, flexible post-secondary education. They are the closest things
B.C. has to the "Open University"
"The community colleges were
set up to democratize education —
and they're succeeding. They've
created an entirely new generation
of post-secondary student — different in many respects from those
who have traditionally attended
university." says Dr. John Dennison, UBC associate professor of
A decade ago there were no community colleges in B.C. Then
Vancouver City College was established in 1965, closely followed by Selkirk College in Castlegar. Today, there are nine in total,
the others being Malaspina College
at Nanaimo, Camosun at Victoria,
A r
New Caledonia at Prince George,
Cariboo at Kamloops, Capilano at
West Vancouver and the tripart-
riate colleges, Okanagan with
campuses at Kelowna, Vernon and
Salmon Arm, and Douglas at New
Westminster, Surrey and Richmond. Together with the B.C.
Institute of Technology, these two-
year colleges have made it possible
for students from various socioeconomic backgrounds and regions
of the province to take a wide variety of vocational, technical and
academic programs, with the academic programs offering transfers
to second or third-year university.
Dr. Dennison and Alex Turnner,
B.C. Research Council head of
operations, are conducting a thorough study of B.C. community colleges. The three-part project is
being financed by the Donner
Foundation with help from the
UBC Alumni Association and the
Vancouver Foundation.
The first two phases of the study
which have recently been completed, revealed that the colleges
are indeed helping to democratize
post-secondary education. The survey has found that the colleges are
attracting many students who
would not formerly have gone to
university and they are opening up
educational and career opportunities for students who would otherwise have simply taken a job at the
end of Grade 12 — and they are
encouraging people who have been
working for years to return for more
"Students seem to select the colleges for a variety of reasons," says
Dr. Dennison. "They are closer to
home, have lower fees than universities, offer academic programs that
are easily transferable to universities and career programs leading
to jobs. Unlike the fairly traditional
entrance patterns of universities,
students can attend colleges virtually on their own terms. They can
go as part-time students, take evening courses only or attend two or
three days a week. They can work
out timetables that enable them to
hold down regular jobs as well as
attend college. This is almost impossible at a university."
Fees at most colleges are $200
per year as compared with first-year
university fees of about $450.
The basic idea behind the comprehensive curriculum, which the
colleges offer, is that all programs
are located under one roof. This fact
allows students to explore alternative programs and, if they so desire,
change their educational goals without a total reorganization of their
life style. Colleges also practise an
"open admission" policy which
enables a student to enter irrespective of his previous academic background, and begin study at the level
for which he is best suited. He may,
in fact, choose a set of courses
equivalent to first-year university,
a welfare or school aide career program, or a vocational program such
as auto mechanics or welding.
A comprehensive survey of
Grade 12 students by college district conducted by Dennison and
Tunner last June revealed the same
pattern every time — students are
increasingly being attracted to the
nearest college. In Vancouver, 29
per cent of graduating high school
students listed Vancouver City College as their first choice for further
studies, with slightly fewer choosing UBC. In the Capilano (North
Shore) district, 27 per cent opted
for the college with 25 per cent for
UBC. In the Okanagan, 25 per cent
chose Okanagan College with 11
per cent selecting UBC. In the
Kamloops area 37 per cent chose
Cariboo College first.
When Vancouver School Board
counsellors made a check this year
of the city's 1972 high school
graduating class of 4,629 people,
they found that 18.35 per cent had
enrolled at Vancouver City College. UBC had attracted 17.95 per
cent of the students, B.C. Institute
of Technology 1.86 percent, Simon
Fraser University .84 per cent and
a further 1.32 per cent were at other
universities. Of the remainder, 3.14
per cent were taking other training,
42.97 per cent were working, 5.1
per cent were unemployed and 2.66
per cent were completing high
school requirements.
The survey showed that the top
factor in attracting students to
attend the colleges is the program
offered (24.8 per cent), while closeness to home ranked second (19.7
per cent) and the teaching reputation third (10.4 per cent).
But what is perhaps more significant, the survey showed that the
college "clientele" is drawn from
a much wider socio-economic basis
than is the university student population where the upper middle class
is over-represented. In B.C. this is
not a result of restrictive policies,
just a socio-economic fact: college
students generally come from families whose income and education
levels are lower than those of the
average university student. For
example, whereas approximately 15
per cent of the university students
come from families whose income
is over $20,000, only nine per cent
of college students come from such
There was also a tendency for
first-year college students to be
older (nearly half were over 20) than
first-year university students,
reflecting the college function in
assisting people to upgrade their
education after a period of unemployment or some years in the
work force.
The relatively flexible timetabling
of the colleges is important to this
function. Alfred Glenesk, principal
of Capilano College, points out that
the ability to take courses for shorter periods, to leave the college and
return, makes it easier for people
to hold jobs while improving their
education. "Ten years ago, a young
person who couldn't afford a solid
year in a university was out of luck.
He had nowhere to turn, so he often
went no further."
It is true that because of the relatively easy college entrance requirements, there had been concern expressed by educators initially that
the colleges would become a
' 'dumping ground for the academically inept", or nothing more than,
as others disparagingly put it, "high
schools with ashtrays". These concerns, according to Dr. Dennison,
have proved unfounded. A study
which he made of students who had
transferred from colleges to universities showed that the academic
achievement of such students was
as good or better than other third-
year university students.
The flexible approach of the college, however, seems to bring with
it a difficult problem in attrition —
students dropping out during their
second term, or failing to return for
a second year. At Capilano College,
for example, the 1973 spring term
enrolment is down 22 per cent from
that of the fall term. The is an experience common to the colleges and
has been noted for the past few
years. "In some courses," Glenesk
said, "colleges are finding difficulty
in mounting a good, viable second
year." College administrators re- cognize that the problem is partly
reflective of the minimal college entrance requirements whereby marginal students can easily begin
courses and the fact that many students are now inclined to intersperse their studies with periods of
work or travel.
For the future, the concensus
seems to be that the colleges must
engage in more "out reach" programs, more programs to bring their
educational services to more people
who need them, but for a variety
of reasons are unable, at present,
to take advantage of them. This may
be done through various methods,
such as home study using packaged
courses with tape cassettes, educators travelling to smaller centres to
give classes, or, in larger cities,
through "store front" education.
Vancouver City College, for example, began its "out reach" program last fall in a store front at 1691
Venables in the East End. The program is designed for those who find
even the modern community college structure too confining, young
people and adults who dislike going
to regular school even though they
need and want upgrading of their
education or skills to get a job.
There are 36 students enrolled in
this venture, which is also assisted
by the provincial department of
education and Canada Manpower.
There is a basic problem, however, with this trend in the colleges.
It is that while the colleges steadily
become more accessible, steadily
make it easier for people to improve
their education and skills at convenient times and places, the universities continue to operate on traditional lines. And many college
transfer students who have grown
accustomed (often out of necessity)
to combine work and education at
college have been disappointed to
find that they cannot follow the
same pattern and get a degree at
a university. Some positive steps,
however, have been taken recently
toward more part-time credit study
at B.C. universities. This trend
seems likely to continue, as the
community college experience
influences our universities to become more accessible to more
people wanting to improve their
education. □
A former education reporter for The
Province, Wilf Bennett is currently
a school board trustee in West Vancouver.
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21 The Possibility
It was the first day of lectures in
Renaissance English literature
and a round-shouldered man with
wiry eyebrows and bushy grey
moustache entered the classroom
with an armload of books. Professor Roy Daniells placed the books
on the table, paused, looked directly at the class and asked: "Who in
this room needs pity?"
There was total silence. What
kind of question is that? What's he
asking that for? Silence. Nobody
said anything. Finally, sensing he
was testing us, I raised my hand and
responded: "Well, sir, I guess we
all need pity at some time." Professor Daniells came over and handed
me a heap of books — every book
I needed, and would have had to
buy, for the course. They were extra copies from his library.
For a moment a generation gap
had been closed. My own generation, sitting around me in the classroom, I realized, were stunned by
a question they found strange and
remote; they could only wonder at
the motive behind it. Pity is a word
that is not commonly used by my
Professor Daniells was being provocative ; it was — I' ve since discovered — a characteristic teaching
strategy. But it seemed to me that
deeper meanings of the word "pity"
were being evoked, and we were
being asked to see ourselves as potential objects of pity. I doubt that
Professor Daniells remembers that
moment — it was five years ago —
and I am almost certain that his interpretation of it would be different.
I do know that I remember it, and
every time I see photographs of
22 of Triumph
Michelangelo's Pieta that moment
in Professor Daniells' classroom is
recalled to mind.
It is the few great teachers who
leave the most lasting impressions
and Dr. Roy Daniells is certainly
a great teacher. He is also — like
many great teachers — a very learned man. One of Canada's leading
men of letters, Dr. Roy Daniells,
who is now 71, has written numerous articles and several books on
aspects of literature, notably 17th
century English literature and
particularly the work of John Milton. He has been on faculty at UBC
since 1947 and served as head of
English for 17 years until stepping
down in 1965 to become University
Professor of English. A talented
poet with two volumes of poetry to
his credit, Dr. Daniells also functions as an unofficial campus poet
laureate, often creating witty verse
for university ceremonial occasions.
He is a past president of the Royal
Society of Canada and last year was
made a Companion of the Order of
Much of this is well known to
alumni; it certainly is to those who
studied under him and remember
him. But there is another fascinating
and less well known side to his character, as I discovered recently when
I dropped around to chat with him
and renew our acquaintance. It is
his deep concern for Canada and
for the development of Canadian
Professor Daniells' life and academic career form a unity. His
approach to literature, his teaching,
his attitude toward Canadian culture all reflect his experience of life
in Canada. Images of his past remain vivid in his mind.
Life has given Professor Daniells
a great sense of gratitude. Indeed
the idea of gratitude is personally
very important to him. If he ever
writes his autobiography, he says he
will call it, "A Passion of Gratitude". The projected title is an expression of goodwill toward, and indebtedness to, many people in his
life. I suspect the net of gratitude
also includes many of the great
names from English literature. The
word "passion" in the projected
title is carefully chosen to suggest
the depth of the emotion: there is
a distinctly religious quality to his
feelings about Canada, as well as
To talk to Dr. Daniells about his
career is to travel a great distance.
It is a learning experience, rich in
ideas. The discussion ranges widely,
freely from "territorial metaphors"
in literature to "archangels", from
United Empire Loyalists to the
spiritual resources in Milton's Paradise Lost. And yet somehow none
of it seems incongruous to an appreciation of the Canadian landscape
and its effect on Dr. Daniells and
allCanadians. Northrop Frye, in his
book The Educated Imagination,
says that a great imagination "absorbs" the world until it becomes
equal to it. That might have been
written about Roy Daniells.
Professor Daniells' intellectual
style has two edges. On one edge
there is evocation of experience in
images with a poet's vital imagination, and on the other there is appreciation of that experience intellectually with the resources of a ma
ture, scholarly mind.
His boyhood experiences in England to the age of eight are as much
with him as images from his youth
in Victoria. He particularly remembers Victoria: "Victoria was absolutely filled with the British at that
time. The continuity between England and Victoria was extraordinary. If you kept your ears open
in downtown Victoria in those days,
you would hear the Scottish, the
Irish, the Cockney ... Canadians
speak at a lower pitch and their
voices are less emphatic. So I got
aslow introduction to Canada." His
visible environment was the region
around Beacon Hill. He remembers
the slopes of the hill being golden
with broom, and the kelp-covered
beaches are still vivid in his mind.
'' It was not very different than English holiday resorts in the southeast."
In contrast, he was "imaginatively aware of the extent of Canada".
The Daniells family had come
across Canada by train and in those
years it took six days. The sense
of expansiveness perhaps registered
more deeply on his mind than he
knows. Canada's physical scale requires a well-developed imagination, such as he possesses, to bring
it into perspective.
Even as a boy in England he had
his imagination supercharged with
images of Canada by his father. His
father, James Daniells, a carpenter,
came to North America as a young
man, travelling through Ontario,
Illinois, and west to Oregon. And
then he came up into British Columbia's Cariboo region. This was in
23 His father told him of the procedure for shoeing the oxen by the
Cariboo teamsters of the time, and
the image stuck. "They lifted the
ox off its feet with a belly band so
it couldn't kick." The imagination
of the boy, recording clearly a specific detail such as this, is reflected
in the scholarly mind that pays attention to details in art and literature, knowing how important they
are to appreciation and interpretation. These are the qualities which
form the foundation of Professor
Daniells' professional life as a literary scholar.
The commonality of values between England and Canada was, for
much of the past century, almost
total. Professor Daniells says he
personally felt, during much of his
career, no conflict between being
patriotically English and patriotically Canadian. He notes the ties
"have been snapped with such
gentleness that there has been no
difficulty." The gentle breaking up
of tradition testifies to something
at once both Canadian and British.
Shared understandings, he suggests,
are both universal and unique at the
same time.
Canadians have tended to look
across the Atlantic for cultural
nourishment and also, in more recent decades, to the United States.
This is gradually changing. Professor Daniells believes the development of our own unique culture will
force us to have an academic community that is vitally aware of Canadian problems and points of view,
without being restricted by them or
to them. Professor Daniells is himself a good example of such an academic style.
Professor Daniells is a Milton
scholar, but throughout his 37 years
of academic life his interests have
gone much beyond that and beyond
interest in Canadian literature and
culture. Much of his work has been
concerned with esthetics and literature and a number of years ago he
published a book entitled, Milton:
Mannerism and Baroque. But his
scholarship also reflects his personal
"My way into Milton was as a
co-religionist," he states, explaining
that he was raised in Victoria as a
member of an extremely fundamentalist denomination, the Plymouth Brethren. With an upbringing of that kind, Milton, who is highly acceptable to fundamentalists,
"makes easy reading. He is perfectly lucid. When I read Milton to this
day I can slip into many frames of
reference, and share the many states
of mind in his poetry and prose."
"Milton was a bridge between religion and art, one that is immensely
reassuring. When the Angel takes
Adam up the mountain, shows him
past history, prophesies the future
and brings him down full of hope,
it is possible to share the experience
in some transformed way."
He remembers the experience of
the child raised in the doctrinal climate of fundamentalist religion.
' 'There were two or three gimmicks
in the doctrine worse than any Spanish Inquisition. The second coming
of Christ was always certain to happen very soon. A child would come
home from school, and enter his
home, perhaps not finding his
mother there. There was a terror
that she had been taken off." He
says this kind of experience is far
worse than a child coming home and
finding his mother dead. It was destructive and agonizing. The humanism implicit in the teaching of literature contrasts with these experiences.
How did he begin a serious career
as a literary scholar? "I wasn't successful at jobs like farm labouring
and trying to sell vacuum cleaners.
In fact, I was so bad that when the
opportunity came to get back into
books, I went after it."
There were seven "lost" years.
Between the ages of 17 and 23, Roy
Daniells worked at a number of
jobs, primarily as a farm labourer.
There were serious psychological
difficulties and even speech problems. They were difficult years for
the young Roy Daniells. Literature
was for him the bridge to a fuller
life and today he is grateful to the
many people who helped him across
He feels a particular sense of
gratitude toward two of his mentors,
the late Garnett Sedgewick at UBC
and the late Edward Brown at the
University of Toronto. Roy
Daniells obtained his bachelor of
arts degree from UBC in 1930 and
went on to the University of Toronto where he completed a master
of arts in 1931 and a doctorate degree in 1936. He succeeded Brown
as head of the English department
at the University of Manitoba in
He   has  seen  some  significant changes in the academic world over
the past few decades. One of the
most striking is the new affluence
in universities. Dr. Daniells notes
that when he was a young academic
the facilities were much less lavish
and he wonders how important the
modern university's expensive
apparatus is to the root processes
of learning.
I asked him to define his own self-
image. He says: "I am a fairly good
example of the Canadian academic
of my age who, inadequately trained, and with a considerable loss of
learning time, finally gets into academic life and is overwhelmed with
the practical problems of teaching."
After World War II there were
some special problems. "The academics of my generation had to deal
with the great influx of war veterans
into the universities, and on the side
they tried to be scholars."
Professor Daniells tries to pin
point the "limited degree" to which
his kind of scholarship makes a
mark. He talks of a comment in a
book by an American scholar. "I
thought what he said was exactly
what I would want him to say. He
said that books like mine succeed,
despite their limitations, because
they persuade people to go on." He
confesses that this coincides with his
self-estimate.' 'That is all I ask for."
We discussed Margaret Atwood's
recent book Survival, which examines themes in Canadian literature, focusing on our concern with
problems of getting through the
winter, of being victimized by harsh
circumstances, and not being destroyed by the sacrifice and discipline
of the primitive conditions in a frontier society. Professor Daniells
found it interesting, but the theme
bothered him.
He feels very strongly that the
quest for identity in Canada has
taken the wrong course. We think
of ourselves as survivors. Our self-
image involves this struggle, merely
to survive. It is the 'mere-ness' of
this vision which disturbs him. Our
sense of Canadianism should include the possibility of triumph.
Dr. Daniells recalls the Hans
Christian Andersen story of the
Ugly Duckling. "It had a hard time
surviving the winter. When he finally discovers himself, he finds he is
a swan. Canadians are about to discover they are swans.
" If we are going to seriously try
to understand Canadian culture,
we shouldn't rely on research into
the past. It is necessary to rely on
analysis and extrapolation into the
"We must look forward past survival." □
A freelance writer and editor,
Eric Green is currently completing
a doctorate degree at UBC.
25 A Flashback On
Fotheringhams Best
Collected & Bound
by Allan Fotheringham
November House
Vancouver, $1.95
If you must know what Alderman Rankin really whispered
to the press boys at that July city
council meeting four years ago,
please be referred to the only place
you'll find it — in Fotheringham:
Collected & Bound.
Yes, Allan Fotheringham has a
book out, and as the title unimaginatively suggests, it's a collection of
his columns from the public prints,
a compilation that rightfully gains
him admission to that entrepreneurial band of journalistic merchand-
isers at The Sun — cartoonist Norris, photographer Oakes and others
— who have discovered how to
market the best of their daily works
for fun and profit.
Fotheringham mockingly calls
his debut in paperback a project in
recycling, but it's more than simply
a regurgitation of his daily journalistic diet. Freed from the constraints of executive policy that prohibit, in a family newspaper anyway, the use of words only recently
recognized as legitimate additions
to the English language; from editorial demands that he write to fill
a space (nine by six inches); and
from public dictates for contem-
poraniety, he has been able to resurrect the best of his past writing
deeds by giving a trimmer and tang-
ier treatment to a wide range of subjects and personalities, opinions
and biases, many of which pre-date
the commencement of his regular
Sun column, and some of which first
appeared elsewhere than in The
Sun. The title of his book might better have been Fotheringham Unbound.
What does this slim, 183-page edition published by November House
have going for it? Most of all, perhaps, it offers an insight into one
of the country's best columnists, an
earned status capable of question
only by the incredible cortege of
kooks that keeps the cards and letters coming in. ("You poor, pathological, dim-witted bastard," is the
opener in one.) Fotheringham's
love of travel is evidenced in the
brief recollections of the market
place in Marrakech and his brush
with espionage in the Monkey Bar
at Raffles, in mysterious Singapore
— products of those distant days
when he was galavanting around the
globe, much to the envy of his nose-
to-the-grindstone newspaper colleagues at home in search of material for his "Magic Carpet" travel
He can be uncomfortably analytical ("...all these shiny-faced businessmen from across the land in
their 41st annual convention in the
Hotel Vancouver this week busily
passing resolutions, handing out
awards to each other, indulging in
that tiresome sophomore special,
the hotel room party." — a salute
to the Canadian Chamber of Commerce); disdainful ("The future
means progress." — Mayor Camp
bell, 1971); and astonishingly descriptive ("He looks, when he grins,
like a large George Gobel. When
he doesn't grin, he looks like Hal
Banks." — beer baron Ben Ginter).
And — surprise — he's not infallible, as witnessed by the collection
of excerpts from his Trudeau
columns dating from 1968 to 1971.
("Who wants a prime minister who
goes around in his bare feet?
Exactly! I do." — Feb. 1968. "The
sad fact of the Trudeau government
... is that it is not telling us the
truth." — Nov. 1970. "Mr. Trudeau, drifting along on the swell of
his own ego ..." May, 1971).
Lawyers, the Senate, Socred
womens auxiliary, royal tour planners, all feel the sting of his barb.
Why did he get it all together?
Probably because he was pushed
into it by a publisher searching for
a marketable commodity. Perhaps,
it may be speculated, as a chronicle
of the past few eventful years in
B.C. that will stay behind after he
has finally yielded to the temptation
of the Sweet City.
It's largely light and amusing, and
not very likely to significantly aid
his plan to retire early to Positano,
Italy. Some will enjoy Fotheringham Collected and Bound. Others
won't be happy till he's tarred and
Vancouver lawyer Ian MacAlpine,
LLB'71, is a former Sun legislative
reporter; Sun columnist Fotheringham obtained his BA from UBC in
Of Hewers of Limbs
And Drawers Of Blood
Strong Medicine
by Robert E. McKechnie II
J.J. Douglas Ltd.
Vancouver, $8.95	
Until the 19th century, the history of man's illnesses and the
methods employed to ameliorate
them is very much a gallery of horrors. It was often not clear which
was preferable in the choice between certain oblivion and the cure
of the day. If this was the case in
centres of civilization like London
and Paris, a patient's prospects in
a barely settled wilderness such as the northwest coast of North
America were even less enviable.
The 19th century was a period of
transition from quackery and near-
butchery to scientific discovery
and skillful practice, and this transition as it occurred in what is now
British Columbia is the dominant
theme of Robert McKechnie's
Dr. McKechnie is Woodward
Lecturer in the department of the
history of medicine and science at
the University of British Columbia. Both his father and uncle were
prominent Vancouver doctors in
the early part of this century, and
much of the impetus for this book
seems traceable to a childhood in
which exposure to the experiences
of such men fostered an indelible
interest in the antecedents of modern medical practice.
Most of the narrative deals with
the white man's medicine, but the
beginning is devoted to a description of practices prevailing among
the Indians, some of whose techniques were remarkably effective
and ingenious. The shaman was
the central figure in native healing,
and the author's account of his
training, initiation and practice is
engrossing. However, the squeamish are advised to proceed with caution.
The coming of white sailors and
fur traders brought new diseases
and new treatments. Britain eventually became the dominant power
in the area, and because the embodiment of her presence was
largely accounted for by the Royal
Navy, its practices were the most
significant aspect of the white
man's early medical experience on
the coast.
The afflictions of the sailor are
fairly well known. Scurvy and
venereal disease were the most
prevalent, but smallpox, tuberculosis, shellfish poisoning, alcoholism and the effects of flogging also
required frequent ministration.
The medical importance of the
captain was at least equal to that
of the ship's surgeon, for it was the
wisdom with which he made and
enforced regulations on sanitation,
hygiene and nutrition that determined the health of the ship. The
status of the medical profession
was such that the ship's surgeon
"was left to his menial tasks as a
hewer of limbs and a drawer of
blood.   The  captain   attended  to
higher matters."
By about the third decade of the
19th century, land-based activity
had begun to flourish under the umbrella of military support provided by the Royal Navy. The fur
traders of the Hudson's Bay Company began to take advantage of
the area's commercial potential,
and further stimulus was given to
the growth of a civilian population
by the discovery of gold in 1858.
Such well known doctors as Helm-
cken and William Fraser Tolmie
were among the members of the
medical profession who came to
British Columbia, and they
brought with them the skills and
knowledge that were emerging in
Europe as medicine became more
and more a science. By the turn of
the century, the family physician
had achieved a stature which far
surpassed that of his forerunners.
Dr. McKechnie describes his
image as being that of "a kindly
and benevolent deity."
This appreciation was to be rather short-lived, and the last
chapter discusses the deterioration of the doctor-patient relationship. It closes with the over-
optimistic speculation that the
resurrection of general practice
which is now taking place in many
parts of the world will result in the
extension of medical care, with all
the compassion and involvement
that the word implies, to patients
who are now receiving mere medical treatment.
A book which does not give
pleasure to its reader is a pitiful
thing. Strong Medicine is a pleasing book. The subject is an interesting one and Dr. McKechnie
clearly has the ability to write
with great lucidity. The bulk of the
text reflects that ability. However,
a gentle slap on the wrist is in order
for he occasionally indulges in that
damnable propensity of doctors to
keep the layman in helpless ignorance. Thus we are forced to
contend with a number of passages like this one: "Vidal in 1903
went so far as to create an Eck
fistula between the obstructed and
distended portal vein and the vena
There are some books which,
having given pleasure, have done
their duty and need meet no further burden of proof. A history,
will be judged by criteria other
than its entertainment value, and
some doubts arise as to the judgment which the author has used in
deciding how to cover the various
aspects of his subject. One wonders why the story grinds to a halt
at about the year 1930. Surely
there could not have been a space
problem since there are only 169
pages of text in the entire work.
Hospitals are given about two
pages, in contrast with the almost
seven quoted pages of fine print
which describe the initiation of a
shaman. More space is devoted to
a superfluous description of a
hemorrhoid than to medical education in the province. And there
is no mention of the allied professions of nursing and pharmacy.
There are, then, a few holes in
the presentation. These holes, like
those in a Swiss cheese, do not detract from the taste of what is
there, but they do affect the
amount of nourishment which a
seeker after food for thought might
hope to receive.
Mr. N. E. Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, is
head of acquisitions at the UBC library.
Unexamined Heritage
Not Worth Having
Articulating West
by W.H. New
New Press
Toronto, $7.50
Eric Green
The subtitle of William New's
book is "Essays on purpose and
form in modern Canadian literature," and it announces the writer's
intentions. Dr. New, who teaches
English at UBC and is associate editor of Canadian Literature,
explains the emphasis on articulation and the West in his introduction: "The physical realities represented by 'East' and 'West' shift
as the ideas of 'East' and 'West'
alter, and the interaction between
knowledge and imagination that
affects this process of change also
characterizes the method by which
a writer wrestles life into artistic
form. To speak the language of
'West' is not to be merely regional
in bias, therefore, but to articulate
the tension between order and disorder, myth and reality, that underlies Canadian writing."
The generalizations in these lines
- Continued p. 46.
27 The
Board of
of the
On the following pages
you will be introduced to
tl)e members of the alumni
association board of
management for 1973-74.
The positions were filled
by acclamation. A change
to note is that the
board is now composed
of officers and members-
at-large, rather than the
degree representative system
of past years.
George L. Morfitt, BCom'58.
Alumni Activities: 1st vice-
president, 1972-73; 2nd vice-
president, 1971-72; 3rd vice-
president and chairman Alumni Fund, 1970-71; chairman.
Reunion Days, 1969-70; member, university government
and government relations committees. Campus: treasurer.
Commerce Undergraduate Society, Alma Mater Society; Big
Block, 1958. Occupation:
chartered accountant, director
and controller, West Coast Reduction Ltd., and associated
companies. Community: president, B.C. Lawn Tennis Association, 1963; president, B.C.
Squash Racquets Assoc, 1969-
72; committee member, B.C.
Institute of Chartered Accountants.
George Morfitt
Charles    Campbell,    BA'71,
Alumni Acitivities: third vice-
president; member, branches,
student affairs, awards and
scholarships, survey evaluation committees, 1972-73;
AMS representative, member-
at-large, 1969-72; chairman,
graduate opinion survey. Campus: Alma Mater Society treasurer. Occupation: accountant, Deloitte, Haskins&Sells.,
Chuck Campbell
Ken Brawner
Kenneth L. Brawner, BA'57,
LLB'58. Alumni Activities:
member-at-large 1971-73;
Alumni Fund campaign chairman, 1971; deputy chairman,
1970; executive member,
Alumni Fund committee.
Occupation: lawyer, Brawner,
Speton, Phillips and Stinson.
James Denholme
James L. Denholme, BASc'56.
Alumni Activities: past chairman, alumni allocations committee: member-at-large, 1972-
74. Occupation: certified general accountant, professional
engineer, executive vice-
president, Adka Industries
Ltd. Community: past president. Certified General Accountants Association of
B.C.; treasurer, Sunny Hill
Hospital; former vice-chairman, Prince George Regional Hospital Board; program
director, Junior Achievement
of B.C., 1962-65.
Bernie Treasurer
28 R.   B.   (Bernie)   Treasurer,
BCom'58. Alumni Activities:
president, commerce alumni
division; degree representative. Community: past secretary, Men's Canadian Club,
Vancouver; Junior Achievement. Occupation: chartered
accountant; controller, A.J.
Forsyth & Co.
Barbara Milroy
Mrs. John Milroy (Barbara
Brown), BHE'51, Alumni Activities: degree representative,
1973. Community: volunteer
work. Occupation: housewife.
Bel Nemetz
Mrs. Nathan Nemetz (Bel Newman), BA'35. Occupation: a
business career until retirement
in 1963. Community: member,
University Women's Club and
Faculty Women's Club; honorary secretary, The Vancouver Institute.
Peter Uitdenbosch, BCom'68,
(BEd, Holland). Alumni Activities: member-at-large, 1972-
74; chairman, Age of Gage
committee; member, Young
Alumni Club executive, 1968-
72; chairman, branches, 1972-
73. Campus: president, commerce undergraduate society;
AMS council; intramural athletics; AMS investment committee. Community: board of
directors, Netherlands Businessmen's Association. Occupation: realtor, Macaulay,
Nicolls, Maitland.
Greg Bowden
Greg Bowden, LLB'70. Alumni
Activities: degree representative; member, bylaw revision
committee. Campus: business
manager, University of Victoria student newspaper; Phi
Delta Theta; member, legal aid
and course revision committee;
judge, UBC Student Court.
Occupation: lawyer, Thor-
steinson, Mitchell & Co. Community: member, tax and commercial law committees, Canadian Bar Association; X-Kal-
ay Foundation; legal aid.
Peter Uitdenbosch
Margaret Burke
Mrs. G- Burke (Margaret Perkins), BA'64, BLS'65,
(LRSM, London). Alumni Activities: degree representative,
1972-73. Campus: usher and
chief usher, Congregation:
Agricurl curling group; library
school puppet group. Community: vice-president, B.C.
Library Assoc; editor,
B.C.L.A. Reporter: registrar,
to ths board:
These representatives
may be elected or appointed in the following categories: the
honorary president
(the president of the
university); the
immediate past
president of the
association; the three
board of management
appointees to senate;
two representatives
of the Faculty Association; two representatives of the Alma Mater
Society; and a representative from each
active alumni division.
In addition, any other
individuals as the
board may designate.
Association of B.C. Librarians. Occupation: admissions
co-ordinator, and placement
officer, UBC school of librarianship.
Fred Culbert
Frederick G. Culbert, BASc
'64, (MSc, Stanford). Campus: Rotary International
Student Exchange Program
member in Japan 1970. Occupation: professional engineer, economic planning consultant with Swan Woost-
er Engineering, Vancouver.
Community: lecturer in engineering economics, Centre
for Continuing Education,
Robert Johnson
Robert W. Johnson, BA'63,
LLB'67. Alumni Activities:
president. Young Alumni
Club, 1969-71; chairman,
awards & scholarships committee, 1972-73; member-at-large,
1972-73. Campus: Beta Theta
Pi; playing captain, UBC tennis team, 1959-63; playing captain, UBC squash team, 1965-
67; law school legal aid chairman, 1966-67; Big Block; secretary, Men's Athletic Assoc.
Community: director, Jericho
Tennis Club, 1968; league
chairman, B.C. Lawn Tennis
Assoc, 1968-69; secretary,
family law subsection, Canadian Bar Association, 1971-72.
Occupation: lawyer.
29 Akmifii
rd of
'1  {-I
• A
' '    '   <k'
?p     ■
:; 4
Skip Peerless
S. John Peerless,  MD'61.
Alumni Activities: degree representative; chairman, UBC
Medical Alumni Association.
Occupation: neurological surgeon; assistant professor of surgery, UBC. Community: Fellow, Royal College of Surgeons of Canada; director,
Canadian Paraplegic Association.
Robert Tait
Robert S. Tait, BSA'48 (Calgary Normal School, permanent teaching certificate).
Alumni Activities: degree representative, 1972-73. Occupation: consultant specializing
in agronomy and overhead irrigation designing; former general manager, agricultural manufacturing firm. Community:
member and past president,
B.C. Institute of Agrologists;
member and past director,
Agricultural Institute of Can-
da; charter member and director C.S.A.E.; member,
Harry White
W. Harry White, BASc'63
(MBA, Harvard). Alumni
Activities: member-at-large,
1965-68, 1971-73; chairman,
annual dinner committee;
founding member, Young
Alumni Club; chairman,
awards and scholarship committee, 1971-72; chairman, student affairs committee, 1972-
73. Occupation: finance director, Alltrans Express Group-
North America, Vancouver.
William Baker
William F. Baker, BSP'50.
Alumni Activities: degree representative, 1970-72; pharmacy representative on Dean's
Council of Faculty. Occupation: manager and director,
Macdonald's Prescriptions;
clinical instructor, UBC
Faculty of Pharmaceutical Sciences. Community: committee
chairman and member,
Pharmaceutical Association;
president. Council of Pharmaceutical Association, 1968-69;
Past Master, Masonic Lodge;
chairman, Pharmacy Services
Association; member, local
church and school committees.
Don Currie
Donald J. Currie, BCom'61.
Alumni Activities: treasurer,
1971-73; chairman, bylaw revision committee, 1971-72;
Alumni Fund executive member; president , alumni commerce division, 1970-71; reunions chairman, 1967, 1968.
Campus: Phi Gamma Delta;
Grad Class Treasurer; chairman,   Frosh   Special   Events
committee. Occupation; export lumber manager, Balfour
Guthrie (Canada) Ltd., Vancouver. Community: United
Church elder; church board
member, 1967-70; youth leader, 1963-69; J uniorAchievement
advisor 1962-63.
David Dale-Johnson
David   Dale-Johnson,   BA'69.
Alumni Activities: chairman,
Young Alumni Club; ex-officio
member, board of management, 1972-73; member,
branches committee; member,
Cecil Green Park management
committee. Campus: Alpha
Delta Phi; Interfraternity
Council. Occupation: registered representative, Midland-
Osier Securities.
Ed Fukushima
Edwin     K.     Fukushima,
DMD'69. Alumni Activities:
degree representative, 1971-
73; member, higher education
opportunities committee 1971-
73; member, Master Teacher's
Award committee and special
events committee 1972-73. Occupation: private dental practice in Vancouver; part-time
instructor UBC Faculty of
Dentistry. Community: committee work with College of
Dental Surgeons of B.C.
David Grahame
30 David   Grahame,   BA'69.
Alumni Activities: member,
awards and scholarships committee, 1971-72; degree representative 1972-73. Campus:
AMS, co-ordinator of activities; chairman, Student Union
Building management committee; Varsity Outdoor Club;
Frosh Orientation. Occupation: accountant, MacGilli-
vray & Co., chartered accountants.
Charles Hulton
Charles Hulton, BSc'70.
Alumni Activities: degree representative, 1972-73. member, government relations
committee. Campus: science
undergraduate committee,
Brock Hall art committee,
Ubyssey. Community: church
committee, St. John's
Shaughnessy; committee member, Vancouver Lawn Tennis
Club; treasurer, Vancouver
South Conservative campaign
committee. Occupation: accountant, Peat, Marwick, Mitchell.
Helen McCrae
Mrs. Helen McCrae, (BA,
Toronto), MSW'49. Alumni
Activities: degree representative, 1971-73. Occupation:
Dean of Women and professor
of social work, UBC. Community: board member,
YWCA (Vancouver); president, Vancouver Soroptimist
Club: member, Vanier Institute; Canadian Council on Social Development; Canadian
Association of Social Workers;
University Women's Club.
Don MacKay
Donald      MacKay,
Alumni Activities
Fund deputy chairman, 1971-
72; chairman, 1972-73. Campus: Varsity Outdoor Club;
intramural sports. Occupation:
western sales manager, ERCO
Industries Ltd.
Mary Wellwood
Mrs. R.W. Wellwood (Mary
MacKenzie), BA'51. Alumni
Activities: member-at-large,
1971-73; chairman of alumni
communications committee
and alumni representative on
the Master Teacher Award
Committee. Occupation: married, with four children; former
radio producer, CBC International Service. Campus:
served several years on International House board of directors and one term as president
of the Association.
Liz Wilmot
Mrs. John Wilmot (Elizabeth
Travers), BSR'66. Alumni Activities: degree representative,
1972-73; member, nominations
committee. Campus: Delta
Gamma; co-chairman, leadership conference and song-fest.
Community: board of directors, Province of Quebec
Physiotherapists Incorp. Occupation: part-time physio and
occupational therapist, Jericho
Hill school. □
j* f~
When you graduate, you may "It's a funny thing, you work all
become...a doctor, a manager, your life toward a certain goal
a secretary, a wife, a husband, and then somebody moves the
...you hope. posts on you." Herb Caen.
31 Careful Planning
Urged For Future
Development of
Endowment Lands
the ubc alumni association has called
for initiation of comprehensive planning toward future development of the University
Endowment Lands in a manner that is in
the best interests of both UBC and metropolitan Vancouver.
The association made this recommendation in a brief presented to the President's
Ad Hoc Committee to Consider the Future
Use of the University Endowment Lands.
The committee, chaired by Dean Philip
White of Commerce, has received some 50
submissions from student, faculty and other
university groups regarding the future of the
1,600 acres of undeveloped UEL land. It
is expected that the report will be presented
to President Walter Gage by the end of
The alumni brief, developed by the
government relations committee, expressed
particular concern that future development
of the endowment lands take into account
the special interests of UBC, the environmental amenities of the area and be conducted in an open manner with many public
viewpoints being considered.
The following is the full text of the alumni
brief, as adopted by the alumni board of management on January 22:
The question as to how the undeveloped
portions of the University Endowment
Lands might best be developed in future presents a unique opportunity and a great responsibility.
Probably nowhere else in the world is
there such a large tract of undeveloped
publicly-owned land so close to a university
and a major city. This presents a unique opportunity for a truly innovative approach to
developing this land in a way which will not
only enhance the University, but metropolitan Vancouver as well.
However, in view of the fact that this land
is so valuable, has such great natural amenities and is so important to the University,
there is also a great responsibility that there
be the most careful and comprehensive land
use planning — planning undertaken in consultation with the University community and
the general public.
Development of the University Endowment Lands is a complex issue and, for that
reason, our comments at this stage are of
a preliminary nature. The issue needs more
consideration in depth and, when the planning process gets underway, we trust we will
have an opportunity to present our views
in more detail.
UBC Chancellor Nathan Nemetz, BA '34, (left) and California alumnus Fred Hartley,
BASc'39, (right) enjoy chat at November Los Angeles branch meeting. Chancellor
Nemetz will be special guest at alumni branch meetings in eastern Canada and the
U.S. this spring
It would be desirable if the report prepared
as a result of the current submission on the
future of the University Endowment Lands,
together with the earlier White report on the
same topic, were released to the public as
soon as possible.
Essentially, we have two major concerns
in this matter. We believe, first, that it is
important to ensure that the special interests
of UBC in the Endowment Lands be seriously considered (though not necessarily at
the exclusion of other interests) in planning
the development of the area. The second
major concern is that of ensuring that the
planning process is comprehensive and takes
into account a wide range of views.
The following are basic statements of principle which should be followed in planning
the future development of the University Endowment Lands:
1. The concept of the development should
be oriented primarily toward enhancing
UBC while at the same time not neglecting
the legitimate interests of metropolitan Vancouver;
2. The aim of development must not be
to maximize revenues from sale or lease of
the land;
3. Development must be carried out in
such a way as to preserve the natural environmental amenities of the area;
4. Before a development plan is decided
on, a public commission should be established to invite briefs from the University
community and the public;
5. Once the development policy is decided
on by the provincial government, the government should be called on to establish a spe
cial agency, with well-defined powers, to
carry out the development.
We welcome this opportunity to present
our ideas and hope that they will contribute
to initiating a process of careful planning of
the future development of the University Endowment Lands.
The alumni association is very interested
in hearing the views of alumni on this matter.
Alumni should direct their letters to: The
Chairman, Government Relations Committee, UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Chancellor Nemetz To
Be Guest At New York,
Toronto Branch
ubc chancellor Nathan Nemetz will be the
special guest at two important alumni branch
meetings in eastern Canada and the U.S. in
On Tuesday, April 24, Chancellor Nemetz
will attend a social function for Toronto area
alumni. Alumni in the area will receive full
information in a special invitation. Local
contact is Jack Rode, (o) 362-7262; (r) 822-
Two days later, on Thursday, April 26,
Chancellor Nemetz will be the feature guest
at a function in New York for grads living
in that area. Further information will be sent
(further details p. 34).
32 President's Letter
Dear Alumnus:
The UBC Alumni Association is continuing
to examine the effectiveness of its present
policies and to expand its programs to meet
new needs as they arise.
Last September an evaluation committee
was appointed to conduct an in-depth study
of the results of the Alumni Opinion Survey
(see Chronicle, autumn 1972). This will be a
continuing study and the committee is currently dealing with the role of the alumni
association in fund raising and with the role
of the Chronicle. Meanwhile, as we await
possible policy changes to come out of this
process, we have been guided in our program
direction by what the survey indicated.
The 50th Anniversary of the Great Trek
was celebrated on campus last October. Dr.
Ab Richards subsequently presented the
documents relating to the student campaign
of 1922-23 to the UBC archives. A committee, to be known as the "Fairview Committee", has been formed to oversee these and
future gifts to the archives. Graduates wishing to donate other items relevant to UBC
history may do so by contacting the UBC
archivist, Mrs. Laurenda Daniells in the
Our alumni volunteers have continued
their support of alumni affairs by serving on
many committees and contributing to the
steady growth of association activities. The
branches program, for example, has grown
by about 60 per cent; divisions have gained
three new faculties. The pre-senate meeting
dinners have been expanded to involve student senators as well as convocation senators and alumni; they also feature a
university speaker.
The government relations committee has
met with representatives of the new provincial government as well as members of the
opposition parties to urge continued support
for the University. A joint Vancouver Parks
Board — alumni delegation was successful
in December in persuading the government
to finance the $250,000 cost of the Point
Grey cliff erosion project. Hopefully this
project, a major concern for some years, will
be speedily completed.
This issue of the Chronicle introduces the
proposed governing body of the alumni association for 1973-74. The association is most
fortunate in having such qualified volunteers
to serve on your board of management. I am
sure they would welcome receiving your
ideas, suggestions or offers of assistance.
Beverly Field,
following services —
Registrar and Transfer Agent
Executor and Trustee
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Mortgage Financing
Investment Management and Safe Keeping
Lawyer's Trust Accounts
Savings and Chequing Accounts
Term Deposits
A complete financial
service organization,
Offices at:
900 W. Pender St.
590 W. Pender St.
2996 Granville at 14th
130 E. Pender St.
737 Fort St., Victoria
33 Brandies
Interested in becoming involved in
alumni branch activities in your area?
Here are your local branch representatives:
Campbell River: Arthur Lightfoot (287-
7111). Castlegar: Bruce Fraser (365-
7292). Cranbrook: David Shunter (426-
5241). Kimberley: Larry Garston (427-
2600). Duncan: David Williams (746-
7121). Kamloops: Bud Aubrey (372-
8845). Kelowna: Don Jabour (762-2011).
Nanaimo: Gordon B. Squire (753-1211).
Nelson: Judge Leo Gansner (325-3742).
Penticton: Dick Brook (492-6100). Port
Alberni: George Plant (723-2161). Prince
George: Neil McPherson (563-0161).
Prince Rupert: Judith Bussinger (624-
3005). Quesnel: David Woolliams (922-
5814). Salmon Arm: Herbert Letham
(832-2264). Victoria: Don South (382-
7454). Williams Lake: Ann Stevenson
Calgary: Frank Garnett (262-7906).
Edmonton: John Haar (425-8810), Gary
Caster (465-1437).
Halifax: Carol MacLean (429-8628).
Montreal: Hamlyn Hobden (866-2055).
Ottawa: Michael Hunter (996-7861).
Toronto: Jack C. Rode (362-7262). Winnipeg: Harold Wright (452-3644). Newfoundland: Barbara Draskoy (726-2576).
Los Angeles: Don Garner (342-2967). New
Mexico: Martin Goodwin (Drawer 1628,
Clovis, N.M.). New York: Rosemary
Brough (688-2656). San Francisco: Norm
Gillies (474-7310). Seattle: Stuart Turner
(MA 2-1754).
England: Alice Hemming (35 Elsworthy
Rd., London NW3), Paul Dyson (c/o
Fry, Mills, Spence Securities, Wanford
CL, Throgmorton St., London EC2).
Scotland: Jean Dagg (32 Bentfield Dr.,
Enjoying conversation before dinner at
recent Edmonton branch meeting are, (top)
left to right, Lawrence Wilson, alumni field
secretary Leona Doduk, Gary Caster,
Mrs. June Granthana, John Haar and
Mrs. Wilson, while (above) President Walter
Gage chats with Sigrid and Malcolm Barrow.
Later (below) at a Calgary meeting, (centre)
President Gage introduces Harold Carlyle
to branch president Frank Garnett (right).
in an invitation going out to New York alumni. Local contact is Rosemary Brough (o)
620-7969 (r) 688-2656.
Earlier, UBC President Walter Gage was
special guest at two successful meetings for
Alberta alumni. He was accompanied by Robert Dundas, alumni association second vice-
president. On Thursday, February 22, President Gage was the guest of honor at a dinner
at the Royal Glenora Club in Edmonton. On
the following evening, President Gage attended a dinner dance at the Palliser Hotel
in Calgary.
The two events represented President
Gage's first official visit to alumni branches
in Alberta.
Wally Wagon To Tour
Interior And Vancouver
Island Centres
ubc's award-winning urban vehicle, the
Wally Wagon, will tour much of British
Columbia this Spring. Alumni living in many
Vancouver Island and Interior communities
will have a chance at last to see — and perhaps have a brief ride in — this unique,
sporty, natural gas-fired car. The tour has
been arranged by the alumni association's
branches committee with the cooperation of
UBC engineering students and the B.C.
Automobile Association.
Designed and built by a team of UBC engineering students, the Wally Wagon, in case
you've forgotten, won the over-all award for
excellence in a continent-wide Urban Vehicle Design Competition in Michigan last
year, beating out 92 entries from Canadian
and American universities. The pollution-
free UBC car also won an award for safety
performance and was cited for excellence
in maneuverability, parking and braking per-
34 Alumni Association President Bev Field
emphasizes point to Municipal Affairs
Minister James Lorimer during February
government relations committee visit to
Victoria, in which university issues were
discussed with all parties.
formance. A member of the engineering team
travelling with the car will be able to answer
all your questions.
The following is the itinerary of the Wally
Wagon tour:
Monday, April 30: Hope, Penticton; Tuesday, May 1: Kelowna; Wednesday, May 2
Vernon; Thursday, May 3 - Friday, May 4
Kamloops; Saturday, May 5: Williams Lake
Sunday, May 6: Quesnel; Monday, May 7
Prince George; Tuesday, May 8: en route
to Prince Rupert, check local newspapers
for stops at Terrace, Burns Lake and
Smithers; Wednesday, May 9: Prince
Rupert; Friday, May 11: Campbell River;
Saturday, May 12: Port Alberni; Sunday,
May 13: Nanaimo: Monday, May 14: Duncan, Victoria.
Alumni will receive a special invitation
with complete details on where, in your community, you will be able to see the Wally
Wagon. Watch for announcements in your
local paper.
Chronicle Squash
Tourney Marked by
Sober Good Taste
an historic alumni sporting event was held
on December 4 at the UBC Thunderbird
Sports Centre — the 1st Annual Chronicle
Invitational Squash Tournament and Bun-
A motley band of a dozen individuals —
alumni, university faculty, staff and friends
— participated in the event, all of whom miraculously escaped injury from ricocheting
balls, flailing racquets and popping champagne corks. By all accounts, the tournament
combined (as it was intended to) elegance,
sportmanslike conduct and good fellowship.
And when the last ball was bashed, Steve
Cropper of Evergreen Press emerged as the
grand winner, beating out Reg Plummer of
Taking time out from the academic grind
are members of the Young Alumni Club.
Open to graduating students and alumni,
the club socializes at Cecil Green Park
on Thursday evenings and swings to a live
band on Friday nights.
the Canadian Council of Christians and Jews
in a hard-fought finale. Cropper was awarded
The Squashed Cup, emblematic of supremacy in Chronicle Invitational Squash, and
a gift pack of wine; Plummer was awarded
some "strengthening medicine." It should
be noted here that The Squashed Cup was
donated by Dr. Bob Hindmarch. UBC Thunderbird hockey coach, who personally created it out of materials native to the UBC athletic department.
Other awards were also distributed in an
impressive, champagne-laced ceremony presided over by the tournament Founders,
alumni program director Perry Goldsmith
and Chronicle editor Clive Cocking (two stalwarts who organized the event after the brilliant idea of Chronicle editorial assistant
Susan Jamieson). The Cliff Hanger Award
was conferred on Dave Grahame "for hanging in there" and The Special Award for
Sartorial Elegance went to Ian "Scotty" Malcolm who graced the courts in a tasteful blue
and white ensemble.
The special guest at the event was George
Morfitt, alumni association first vice-
president and current Pacific North West
squash champion and former Pacific Coast
champion. Morfitt kindly demonstrated to
the group how the game is really supposed
to be played.
Those who played spiritedly in the tournament but nonetheless ended (with those already named) in the "also-ran" column
were: Terry Brown, Clive Cocking, Roaule
Dahle, Perry Goldsmith, Rick Hewitt, Gerry
Porter, Alan Ryder and Peter Thompson.
The tournament was such a success that
it has now been decided that it will be staged
annually during the fall Reunion Days. [   ]
Notice is hereby given that the
Annual Meeting of the UBC
Alumni Association will be
held at the hour of 8:30 p.m.
on Monday, May 28, 1973 at
the Vancouver Hotel, British
Columbia Ballroom. The
Annual Alumni Dinner with
guest speaker Dr. S.I. Hayakawa,
President of California State
College, and noted educator
and semanticist, will be held at
6 p.m. For further information
call the Alumni Office,
Harry Franklin
Executive Director
35 THE PROVISION OF FINANCIAL SUPPORT for scholarships and bursaries has always been a major thrust
of the UBC Alumni Fund. And
thanks to the many generous donations to the 1972 Alumni Fund it
will continue to be a major thrust.
Gifts this year will make it possible for more than 250 students to
receive scholarships and bursaries
for the next academic year.
"The continuing theme of our annual fund raising has been, In the
Interest of Academic Excellence,'''
said Don MacKay, 1972 UBC
Alumni Fund chairman. "We've
tried to do this by using donations,
not only to support scholarships and
bursaries, but also to contribute to
a wide variety of worthwhile student and faculty projects. We'd like
to thank the many people who gave
to the fund and thus contributed to
our goal of academic excellence at
In addition to the provision of
scholarships and bursaries, the
other main areas which the Alumni
Fund regularly assists are the library, athletics, the Presidents'
Alumni Fund, and various student
social and cultural activities.
The Alumni Fund is now committed to providing $60,900 annually
toward the support of an extensive
student aid program. The growth in
donations has made it possible for
this commitment to grow from
$29,300 in 1967 to its present level.
In addition, gifts from alumni and
friends of the University have been
responsible for the establishment of
a further 10 scholarship funds providing annual awards to meet various academic needs.
The 1972 Alumni Annual Giving
total of $339,446 represents the total
A $5,000 gift made possible these quiet,
comfortable study cubicles in the new
Sedgewick library. of gifts from alumni and friends of
the University made during the past
year through a variety of means.
(See box giving breakdown).
The UBC Alumni Fund, which
is a part of the broad range of UBC
Alumni Association activities, is
largely responsible for promoting financial support for quality student
aids not provided by the University.
The Fund operation is also directly,
or indirectly involved, and has a rewarding and pleasant rapport with
principals participating in other
fund-raising projects on campus.
UBC Alumni Fund activity has a
very positive influence on many
areas which support the University.
For it either fully participates, supports, or cooperates by providing
the benefit of its experience, use of
its staff and equipment to building
campaigns, special appeals, memorial funds, etc.
When a fund-raising project concerns UBC alumni, the UBC Alumni Association cannot avoid being
involved as it is responsible for
maintaining graduate records,
which is the only official source of
speedy and accurate information
concerning alumni, by faculty, or
school, by location, and by year of
The Fund staff and volunteers,
in cooperation with the University
Resources office, have taken an active part in the geology, agricultural
sciences and law building campaigns. There are representatives of
Reviewing the past year's efforts and
planning this year's appeal are (left)
Alumni Fund '72 chairman Don MacKay
and (right) Alumni Fund '73 chairman
Paul Hazell.
the UBC Alumni Association on
both the University Resources
Council, and the University Wills
and Bequests committee.
Donald MacKay, '55, Chairman
Paul L. Hazell, '60, Deputy Chairman
Kenneth L. Brawner, '58, Past Chairman
M. Keith Douglass, '42, Allocations
Michael Rohan, '66, Phonathon
Beverley Field, '42
Donald J. Currie, '61
Alfred T. Adams
Harry Franklin, '49
Clive Cocking, '62
Ian C. Malcolm
Frank M. Johnston, '53, President
Stanley T. Arkley, '25, Vice-President
Robert J. Boroughs, '39, Treasurer
Nora Ottenberg '48
Frederick L. Brewis, '49
Cliff Mathers, '23
Dr. Richard A. Montgomery, '40
M. Keith Douglass, '42, Chairman
Donald MacKay, '55
Paul L. Hazell, '60
Kenneth L. Brawner, '58
Charlotte Warren, '58
Brenton D. Kenny, '56
Ian C. Malcolm
Harry Franklin, '49
(A report of Alumni giving to the University of British Columbia from April
1, 1972 to approximately February 15, 1973. These are unaudited figures. The
fiscal year for the University is April 1st to March 31st and a final report will
be issued after March 31, 1973.)
UBC Alumni Fund
♦Friends of UBC(U.S.A.)
Agricultural Sciences Building Fund
Geological Sciences Centre Fund
Law Building Fund
3 Universities Capital Fund
**1972 Graduating Class
*** Other Gifts
$329,446     10,614
*The Friends of UBC (U.SA.)is the incorporation of an association under the
U.S.A. Charitable Donations Act, which allows tax-deductions for donations
made to UBC by alumni residing in U.SA. or mandate.
**The 1972 graduating class beneficiaries were the Crane Library $4,600, Pool
Study $6,000, Urban Vehicle $9,700.
***Other gifts represent a multiplicity of areas, where the alumnus contributes
directly to the faculty or school related to a specific project. These gifts are considered in lieu of donating to either the UBC Alumni Fund or The Friends of
UBC (U.S.A.) and includes such major gifts as 2 for $10,000, 2 for $5,000, 2 for
$2,500 and 4 for $1,000.
37 Conductor Akiyama leads Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra in campus concert.
Alumni Fund $450 grant helped make
special event possible.
The UBC Alumni Association
concerns itself with the total University. An excellent example of
this interest, the UBC Alumni Fund
participates in most fund-raising activities for UBC under the appropriate slogan, In the Interest of Academic Excellence.
The UBC Alumni Fund, as a service, each year reports annual giving of all alumni to the University.
The annual UBC Alumni Fund
appeals are developed and conducted by volunteer alumni and a paid
staff under the day-to-day supervision of Fund director Ian "Scotty"
It's important to note that none
of the money donated to the fund
is used for administration. The
$28,900 annual cost of operation of
the Alumni Fund is provided out
of the alumni association's budget.
This sum pays the Fund clerical salaries and the cost of printing and
mailing information pamphlets and
receipts. The Fund pamphlets are
developed with the assistance of the
association's communications staff
and are printed at the alumni association headquarters.
The following is a review of the
highlights of additional Alumni
Fund grants in aid of campus programs:
• $5,000 toward Sedgewick library
study cubicles;
• $3,000 to an education faculty
study of the impact of community
colleges in B.C.;
• $8,000 to President's Alumni
Fund for aid to special campus
• $5,000 to alumni bursaries — additional to annual commitments;
• $2,000 to Gallery Phenomena
program assisting student art gallery exhibits;
• $1,000 to Speakeasy, a student-
run counselling and information
• $2,500 to the Women's Athletic
• $650 to the Crane Library for
blind students;
• $400 to the University Visitation
'73 Committee;
• $600 to the Home Economics
Undergraduate Conference
• $450 to help finance the Vancouver Symphony campus concert;
• $600 to the Engineering Undergraduate Conference Committee;
• $765 to UBC Radio Society for
new equipment.
The following are the major annual commitments of the Alumni
In honour of former UBC President
Dr. N.A.M. MacKenzie, 64 regional scholarships of $350 each awarded annually to B.C. students proceeding from Grade 12 to UBC.
A minimum of $15,400 provided annually for bursaries to qualified students beginning or continuing attendance at UBC and who are graduates of B.C. secondary schools.
In honour of former UBC President
John B. Macdonald, 16 bursaries of
$350 each awarded annually to qualified and needy students entering
UBC from B.C. regional colleges.
A grant from the Fund enabled UBC radio
station to buy new playback equipment.
Ten scholarships and/or bursaries
of $500 each, established by the
Friends of UBC, Inc. (U.S.A.), as
a tribute to former UBC President
Dr. N.A.M. MacKenzie, available
annually to students who are residents of the United States and who
are beginning or continuing studies
at UBC. Preference given to sons
or daughters of alumni.
Established by the Friends of UBC
Inc. (U.S.A.) in memory of the late
Daniel M. Young, BA'52, an annual $500 scholarship awarded to a
student from the United States who
is beginning or continuing studies
at UBC.
Established in 1972 by the alumni
association in honour of Stanley T.
Arkley, BA'25, for his long and dedicated service to the University
and the Friends of UBC Inc.
(U.S.A.), an annual $500 scholarship awarded to a student in librarianship.
In memory of the late Harry T.
Logan for his long and distinguished
service to UBC as a professor of
classics and active member of the
University community, an annual $500 scholarship awarded to a student entering fourth year studies
with good academic standing,
achievement in sport and participation in other student activities.
A scholarship of $500 is given annually to a student entering third-year
of the nursing program and a $250
scholarship is awarded annually to
a student entering the second year.
Established by the nursing division
of the UBC Alumni Association,
these awards are made on the basis
of academic standing, demonstrated potential for nursing and financial circumstances.
Established 5 years ago the President's Fund receives a minimum of
$10,000 annually. The money is an
"in trust" arrangement and provided to the President of UBC for use
at his discretion to support a wide
range of special university projects.
To honour the memory of Dr. Wesbrook, the alumni association established an annual honorarium up to
a maximum of $1,000 to be used
by the Faculty of Medicine in consultation with the other faculties in
Health Sciences to bring to the campus each year an outstanding person
in Health Sciences.
In addition to the annual commitments, the Alumni Fund actively
participated in, and with the excep
tion of the Leslie Wong Memorial,
accepted full responsibility in cooperation with the principals for organizing the appeals which established the following continuing
A fund to provide bursaries to students in electrical engineering, established in memory of the late Dr.
Frank Noakes of the electrical engineering department.
As a memorial to long-time UBC
trainer "Johnnie" Owen, an annual
$250 award is made to a student with
good scholastic standing who has
demonstrated outstanding service
in the Student Athletic Training
Program or whose participation in
extramural athletics merits the
A $300 annual scholarship made to
a poultry science student in recognition of Professor Jacob Biely's contribution to poultry science at U BC.
Honouring the memory of the late
Christopher (Kit) Malkin, a first-
class honours graduate in zoology,
an annual $500 award made to an
outstanding student in the biological
sciences who is deserving of financial assistance.
An annual bursary of $50 provided
to an undergraduate in any year and
faculty who is in need of financial
An annual $1,500 scholarship
awarded to a student who most fully
displays the all-round qualities exemplified by the late Chief Justice
Sherwood Lett, Chancellor of UBC
from 1951-57.
In memory of the late Professor
Leslie Wong of the commerce facul
ty, an annual scholarship is awarded
to a graduate student working at the
master's or doctoral level in the Faculty of Commerce and Business
As a memorial to Dr. George S.
Allen, distinguished teacher, administrator and scientist, a fund
from which the annual income of
about $400 is awarded annually as
a scholarship for graduate study in
the fields of fire science or silviculture.
An annual prize of $100, given in
memory of Dr. S. Mack Eastman,
is available to students in the University. This prize is awarded for
the best essay on the issue current
in the United Nations or any of the
affiliated organizations.
This fund was instituted by the
School of Social Work and the B. C.
Association of Social Workers as
a suitable memorial to a former director of the School. It is for the
purpose of financing periodic lectures of eminent scholars and leaders
in the field of social work.
The UBC Alumni Fund recently
launched its 1973 appeal to alumni
concentrating, as before, on seeking
support for people-oriented projects at the University.
In continued pursuit of academic
excellence, the Fund intends to emphasize to alumni the need for growing support for student academic aid
programs during the coming year.
As a result, the informational side
of the Alumni Fund appeals will be
"We want graduates to know
more about the academic needs of
students today and how donations
to the Fund can help meet these
needs," said Paul Hazell,
BCom'60,1973 Alumni Fund chairman. "So there's going to be greater emphasis on providing information about students and about the
achievements of the Fund. We hope
in this way that alumni will see the
value and importance of continued
support for the Alumni Fund." D
39 ©¥U(
Duke University emeritus professor,
Lionel Stevenson, BA'22, (MA, Toronto),
(PhD, Calif.), (BLitt, Oxford), was the guest
lecturer on the occasion of the dedication
of the Booth Memorial Room at the UCLA
research library. . . . One of the Portland,
Oregon area's best known ecologists and
pollution fighters, David B. Charlton, B A' 2 5,
(MSc, Cornell), (PhD, Iowa State), has retired as staff consultant with Metallurgical
Engineers Inc. . . . UBC's only alumnus
to be named a Freeman of the City of Athens,
Homer A. Thompson, BA'25, MA'27,
LLD'49, (PhD, Michigan), has been
awarded the Archeological Institute of
America's gold medal for distinguished
There's a new school in Williams Lake
that will be known as the Anne Stevenson
Junior Secondary School in honor of Mrs.
Stevenson's (MacKenzie), BA'27, 23 years
of service as both teacher and trustee, to
education in the area. Mrs. Stevenson is
chairman of both the school board and the
Cariboo College council. . . . Retirement
to Bruce Carrick, BA'29, (BLS, McGill), is
going to mean more time to spend on his
hobbies of the stock market and photography. For the past 12 years he has been
chief librarian for Spokane, Wash. . .
B.C.'s new chief justice of the Appeal
Court, John L. Farris, BA'31, (LLB, Harvard), is a long-time advocate of streamlined
court procedures and modernized law and
he sees it as part of the role of chief justice
to point out areas that need research or
administration changes. During the past two
years he has served as president of the Canadian Bar Association, during which time he
proposed two important areas of change for
Canadian law — Judicare, prepaid legal
plans and computerization of the law. Before
his new appointment he was a senior partner
in the firm founded by his father and now
known as Farris, Farris, Vaughn, Wills and
Murphy. ... the day after the appointment
of Mr. Justice Farris, Walter Owen,
LLD'59, was named as the next lieutenant
governor of B.C. replacing John Nicholson,
LLD'70, Visitor to the university. . . . Former dean of administration at the University
of Victoria, Robert Wallace, BA'32, MA'47,
(LLD, Victoria), is the new chancellor of
UVic as a result of their convocation election. Two of his rivals in the election were
Robert Molson, BA'57, (BASc, McGill) and
Willard Ireland, BA'33, (MA , Toronto),
(LLD, SFU). The new chancellor's associa-
Norman Campbell
The invisible hand that guided the pre-
Christmas CBC broadcast of Sleeping
Beauty was that of Norman Campbell,
BA'44, man-for-all-programs.
Maybe the CBC should have declared
it "Norman Campbell Week" for, in the
space of three days, he managed to tape
the entire production of Rudolf Nu-
reyev's National Ballet spectacular,
Sleeping Beauty, working in a marathon
session from morning to midnight — with
an hour and a half of rehearsal time and
50 miles of videotape. Almost at the same
time he was attending to all the last minute details that preceded the premiere of
his 90-minute, big-budget musical comedy, The Wonder Of It All, based on the
life of Emily Carr, and co-written with
his wife, Elaine (Leiterman), BA'49, and
Don Harron, comedian, collaborator and
The Wonder Of It All is the third
musical from the Campbell — Harron
combination. Their first — created two
continents apart via telephone, telegraph
and United Nations teletype — is that
grand old lady of the Canadian stage,
Anne of Green Gables, who grew from
a 1956 TV production to matriarch of the
Charlottetown Festival with flings on
Broadway and the West End.
In 20 years of Canadian television —
he produced the CBC's very first television show in 1952 (a potpourri with Percy
Saltzman, Alan Lamport and Uncle Chi-
chimus, a puppet, whose later abduction
was akin to a national disaster) — he has
become almost a super-producer. Ironically, he is one of the least known to
His incredible energy and stamina has
led him steadily along a very narrow path
that balances "Canadian culture" productions (that won him an Emmy) on one
side with "American Pop" on the other.
His commitment to produce the Emily
Carr musical cut short his association
with America's favorite bigot — Archie
Bunker — after two episodes as producer
of All in the Family.
In his career he has achieved remarkable performances from some of the world's most temperamental stars on one
hand and fought the CBC bureaucratic
fight on the other. As a friend reports,
"While there's a Norman Campbell fan
club at the CBC, there's certainly a portion of the CBC which isn't. He has the
most weight of any producer that we have
here, bar none." Campbell's specialty is
eminent technical knowledge — especially in the use of chroma-key, a technique
that superimposes performers on a separate background — a result of his maths
and physics degree from UBC. "What
maths and physics teaches you," he says,
' 'is just enough to refuse to take 'no' from
an engineer."
After graduation he tried life as a
weatherman but a year on Sable Island
in the company of 10 men and a herd
of wild ponies convinced him show business had more to offer. His first big
chance from the CBC came when he sold
a song — Summer Romance — that became the theme song for Juliette's summer radio program.
New projects are his life-blood. He'd
like to do a film "except I never seem
to have the time" — and would love to
do more musicals. His enthusiasm for
new ventures has brought some spectacular results. His Romeo and Juliet won
a prize at the Monte Carlo international
TV festival; his Swan Lake, an Emmy
nomination, and in 1970, an Emmy for
He admits to being rather sad at leaving
Archie Bunker to return to Emily Carr.
' 'The irony is that I' ve done more variety
in England and the U.S. than on the
CBC." He makes no secret that he'd like
more situation comedy here, though he's
not adverse to commuting to Hollywood.
The question of a permanent break is
a different matter. "I've considered it at
different times. But I think there's something unique about Canada as a home
base. For instance the CBC is the most
marvellous place to work — and the most
maddening. It goes on offering an opportunity to do things you'd never get to
do elsewhere. But for every beautiful
thing happening there, there's something
so frustrating. We're saddled with out-
of-date studios; it's like crystal set technology, you see old Scotch tape holding
things together. Every show you do is
performing some sort of miracle just to
get on. I guess you could call it a love-hate
40 People with Medallion home wiring
have a lot of connections.
When building a home you've got a lot of
decisions to make. Should the kitchen be
avocado or sunburst yellow? Will the chandelier look good in the dining room?
One thing most people don't worry about is
the wiring. In fact few of us know what kind
of wiring a home needs . . . nor can we
anticipate all the electrical changes we may
want to make in the future. That's why it's
so important to specify Medallion when
talking to your building contractor. Then
you can be sure your new home will be
wired to meet the electrical needs of today
. .. and tomorrow.
The few extra dollars you spend on Medallion standards when you build can mean a
big saving later should you decide to add
more circuits. Because free access to the
distribution panel as required by Medallion
standards makes new connections simple.
Call B.C. Hydro Customer Advisory Service.
They'll explain all the advantages of wiring
to Medallion standards.
41 John Farris
tion with UVic began in his student days
and continued as a teacher, principal, dean,
and vice-president to his retirement in 1971.
Thomas G. How, BA'33, MA'35, (PhD,
Purdue), heads the new Arctic Transportation Agency of the federal transport ministry. Working with I ndian Affairs and Northern Development, and other departments
and governments in the north, the agency
will be developing policies and programs related to northern transportation facilities. At
one time Canada's chief weatherman, he was
most recently in charge of special projects
in the Ministry of Transport. . . . Also on
the staff of the Arctic Transportation
Agency is Melvin Hagglund, BA'49, who has
been regional director of air administration
in Winnipeg since 1970. As an administrator
he will be based in Ottawa, but is well acquainted with the Arctic, having served three
years with the weather station at Resolute
Gordon Strong, BCom'33, BA'34, (MBA,
Northwestern), (LLB, Toledo) has been
elected chairman of the board of Thomson
Newspapers Inc. For several years he has
been president and publisher of Thomson
Bruch-Moore Newspapers in the American
midwest. . . . Ernest Mitchell, BASc'34, is
vice-president of Cominco at Vancouver. .
. . Also at Cominco's Vancouver office is
William K. Gwyer, BASc'36, president of
the West Kootenay Power & Light, who also
heads CanPac Minerals and Fording Coal.
Last year the Trail Wildlife Association
named him as their Conservation Man of
the Year.
Whither the weather and why? and other
questions to be answered by the Canadian
Atmospheric Environment Service (the weather office) — are coming under study by
Warren L. Godson, BA'39, MA'41, (PhD,
Toronto), as director of the service's atmospheric processes research branch. . . . News
of another weatherman — Kenneth F. Harry,
BA'42, (MA, Toronto), is now director of
the AES Atlantic region.
Paul T. Cote, BA'47, BASc'48, has just
missed being in the vanguard of the student
power movement. An MBA graduate of the
past year from Simon Fraser, he is now chairman of that university's board of governors.
A convocation member of senate and that
body's appointee to the board, he is serving
a three-year term on the board .... Mrs.
Robert Wallace
Nancy Dore, (Macdonald), BA'47, (MLS,
Calif.), lives in Brighton, England, where her
husband is with the Institute of Development
Studies at the University of Sussex. . . .
Colonel Harry Feme, BA'49, LLB'50,
from the Judge Advocate General's office
is one of five special commissioners appointed to the Canadian Pensions Commission.
. . . Sportflying — the official magazine of
the professional race pilots, whose managing
editor is Jack Leggatt, class of '49 — recently
ran an article co-authored by Hassel Schjelderup, BASc'49, (MS, PhD, Stanford) on
technical developments for aircraft materials
in the future. . . . Jessica Swail, BSW'49,
a former freelance journalist and CBC commentator in Toronto and Winnipeg is the new
supervisor of community relations for the
Children's Aid Society in Vancouver. . . .
In Calgary the Family Life Education Council coordinates the city's social service agencies and assists in the planning and integration of the programs offered by the agencies. The council's coordinator is Mrs. Lillian Tyler, BSW'49, formerly service program director for the Calgary YWCA.
Art Guthrie, BCom'52, (PhD, Washington), is assistant professor of accounting at
Carleton University, Ottawa. . . . One more
addition to UBC's federal election list —
and the NDP's total. Ed Nelson, BA'52,
BEd'56, MEd'60, was elected as the member
for Burnaby Seymour. He has taught school
for many years in Burnaby and is a past president of the B.C. and national association of
secondary school English teachers. ... A
new development for the hard of hearing is
the current research project of John Fredrickson, BA'53, MD'57 at the University of
Toronto. The device, which is currently
being tested in monkeys involved the
implantation of an electromagnetic mechanism in the middle ear and mastoid cavity.
Anoteon James F. Cowie,BCom'56—the
winter issue of the Chronicle credited him
with a degree 10 years previous — a rapid
way to age — in connection with his election
as president of the Canadian Association of
Petroleum Landmen.
Ronald Holmes, BASc'57, is now superintendent of steelmaking at the Monessen
Works of the Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel
Corp. . . . Harvey Jim, BASc'57, is assistant
vice-president and controller of Guaranty
Paul Cote
Trust. . . . Russ Fraser, BASc'58, president
of Terra Engineering Laboratories, was recently elected vice-president of the Vancouver branch of the Engineering Institute of
B.C.'s first full-time judge of the provincial
court is Lawrence Brahan, LLB'59, a provincial court judge since 1970. He replaces Cyril
White, LLB'49, who also headed the Workmen's Compensation Board and is the new
president of the Vancouver Stock Exchange.
. . . Parfulla Jena, MSc'59, is now director
of the Orissa regional research laboratory
of India's Council of Scientific and Industrial
Research. Previously he was professor of
process metallurgy at Banaras Hindu University.
Barry Drinkwater, BCom'60, is Alberta
manager of CNR freight sales. . . . John
L. Howard, BCom'60, LLB'61, is assistant
deputy minister for corporate affairs in the
federal department of consumer and corporate affairs. . . . Lynn McDonald, BA'60,
BSW'61, (PhD, London), currently visiting
professor at Gothenburg, Sweden, was in
B.C. in November to lecture at UBC and
Victoria on the status of employed women
in Canada which she feels, as a result of
her research, is worse than in the U.S., Britain and most European countries. Dr.
McDonald is associate professor of sociology at McMaster University. . . . Gerald
McGavin, BCom'60, (MBA, Calif.), a past
chairman of the Alumni Fund, has been
named vice-president and general manager
of Yorkshire Trust.... The hassel-free home
was a suggested subtitle for a new book —
How To Raise A Family For Fun and Profit
by Philip and Mary Ney, MD'60 (Brown,
BEd'60). It's not a do-it-yourself-child-
psychiatry manual, but a collection of successful methods developed by the Neys with
their own family which might be useful for
other folk's fighting families. Dr. Ney, a
child psychiatrist in Victoria, teaches weekly at UBC's medical school. Mrs. Ney
works as co-therapist with her husband in
groups for teenagers and their families. . . .
Katie Peters, BSN '60, is coordinator of counselling at Waterloo Lutheran University. .. .
Bryan Wannop, BA'60, who spent more than
three years in India with CI DA, has returned to the area as country program manager in Pakistan and Afghanistan.
Some people never stop running. Geoffrey Jessica Swail
Eales, MSc'61, PhD'63, one time Canadian
open record holder in the 5,000 meters, who
now teaches at the University of Manitoba,
ran a commendable second in the 3,000
meters in the Gondola Classic indoor track
meet, November in Winnipeg.
Duane Bates, BMus'62, (MA, PhD, Illinois), is assistant professor of music at
Queen's University. . . . Melvin Calkin,
(BSc, MSc, Dalhousie), PhD'62, is professor of physics at Dalhousie.... Laurence
Roche, MF'62, PhD'68, is professor and
head of forestry at the University of Ibadan,
Nigeria. . . . Florence Weinburg, (BA, Park
College), MA'63, (PhD, Rochester), associate professor of French and Spanish at St.
John Fisher College, is the college's new
chairman of modern languages and classical
Mike Fillipoff, BASc'63, can now be
reached through the Arabian American Oil
Co. in Dhahran, Saudi Arabia— something
of a change from his Edmonton address. .
. . . Maxwell Gordon, BPE'63, is director
of community services at Capilano College.
For the past two years he was a coordinator
of the recreation diploma program at Vancouver City College. . . . Barrie Stanheld,
BSA'63, MSA'65, (BLS, West. Ont.) heads
the research library of the department of agriculture in Prince Edward Island. . . . Two
new staff members of the Williams Lake
mental health centre are UBC alumni —
Helen Walter, (BA, Gonzaga), MA'63,
(PhD, Oregon) is a psychologist who will
be working with Pat Humphrey, BSW'64,
MSW'65, a psychiatric social worker.
Gerald Cormick, BCom'64, (MBA, PhD,
Michigan), director of the community crisis
intervention centre and associate professor
of sociology at Washington University, recently gave two lectures at the University
of New Brunswick on social interaction and
community disputes, as part of UNB's distinguished lecturer series. .. .TheB.C. Construction Association has its youngest ever
president in Wayne Farmer, BASc'64, manager of Farmer Construction, Vancouver Island.
There's lots of music coming from Nanaimo where Thomas Petrowitz, BMus'66,
MMus'71, an instructor at Malaspina College, is music director and conductor of the
Nanaimo Symphony and on the board of the
Vancouver Radio Touring Orchestra. . . .
With Ubyssey printing ink in his blood, Don
Wise, BA'66, (BEd, SFU), is leaving the
school house to be editor of the Whitehorse
Star, in the Yukon. . . . Alvin Kuechle,
BEd'67, principal of Notre Dame High
School in North Battleford, Sask., has been
appointed a director of the Saskatchewan
Power Corporation. ... If you like to keep
on top of the news, sports, weather, and all
those other things that make life interesting
you should try tuning in the CTV's morning
show, "Canada AM. "One of the program's
three hosts — Percy Saltzsman, BA'34 and
Carole Taylor are the others — is Dennis
Mcintosh, BA'67, the newsman. He has
been with CTV since 1969 as reporter in
Toronto, later transferring to Montreal.
Lawrence (Chip) Barrett, BA'68, joins the
B.C. Lions lineup next season after playing
with both Winnipeg and Toronto Douglas Bennett, BSc'68. now heads the hospital
products division of Abbott Laboratories in
Montreal. . . . Edmonton's new chief librarian is Brian Dale, BLS'68, (MLS,
Toronto), who moves from Kitchener,
where he headed the library system. . . .
Donna Hepburn, BH E'68, is based in Guelph
as a regional supervisor of home economics
with the Ontario ministry of agriculture and
food. . . . PhD from Stanford in hand, Brian
McCarry, BSc'68 is off to Cambridge for
postdoctoral research at the University
Chemical Laboratory.
Canadian content regulations have
changed the sound of many Canadian radio
stations — and sent the record companies
to beat the bush for (unsung and unheard)
Canadian talent. One of their finds is David
Baker, BASc'69, who writes with west coast
overtones in his country music. His first record, on his own label, Tsunami, is called
the "West Coast Logger's Saga.".... Susan
i DudriiMa
"Swiss sty/e.
o)k> ame, -JWvu
A Postie's Lot
Is Not
A Happy One ...
Specially, when he brings the
Alumni Records Department
bags of Alumni 'Unknowns'..
So if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style ... let us know —
and bring a little lightness
to a postie's walk, (enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful)
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park,
Vancouver 8, BC
(Maiden Name)
(Married women please note your husband's full
name and indicate title i.e. Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Class Year
43 Consider the
Stability & Security
a residential school can
offer your daughter
Sleman, BSR'69, is head physiotherapist at
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BA'69, is executive assistant in the B.C.
attorney general's office.
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For   information & colour brochure apply:
Headmistress, Strathcona Lodge School,
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Vancouver, B.C.
Interested in buying or
selling real estate
in Vancouver?
For advice and assistance
without high pressure
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224-0255 Res.
733-8181 Bus.
David Alderdice, BCom'70, had the top
marks in B.C. and the second highest nationally in the final examination of the chartered accountants' institute. . . . Eric Moore,
(BA, Toronto), (MBA, West. Ont.),
LLB'70, is manager of the investments and
development division of Yorkshire Trust. .
. . John Hollemans, BASc'71, (MSc, Manchester), is back in Vancouver as a chemical
engineer with Macmillan Bloedel.
Peter Candido, PhD'72, is at Cambridge
on a Canadian Medical Research Council
grant. . . . Robert Gracey, MSW'72, is one
of three social workers appointed to a new
project in community psychiatry at Union
Hospital, Moose Jaw. . . . "The Last Tango
in Paris", or the first nude pas de deux in
Winnipeg, it's all art — with Brando in the
first and Elaine Loo, BA'72 in the second.
She is a member of the Contemporary Dancers of Winnipeg and the pas de deux is part
of a new trilogy of dances in the company's
Mr. and Mrs. G. Grant Cherrington, (April
Chowne, BEd'68), a son, Regan Grant,
October 28, 1972 in Belo Horizonte, Brazil.
. . Dr. and Mrs. Graham E. Dawson,
BASc'63, MASc'66, PhD'70, (Beverley
Campbell, BEd'61) twins, Scott and
Suzanne, December 12, 1972 in Kingston,
Ont. . . Mr. and Mrs. G. Dusseldorp (Carol
Casilio, BEd'69), twin daughters, Kim and
Anneliese December 31, 1972 in Richmond.
. . Dr. and Mrs. Gary Elfstrom, BASc'68,
(Carol Anne Skelton, BHE'67), a son, David
Roy, November 22, 1972 in Tullahoma,
Tenn. . . Mr. and Mrs. Robert Greyell,
BSc'66, a daughter, Donna Lori, January
7, 1973 in Revelstoke. . . Dr. and Mrs. E.C.
Hamre, BASc'64, PhD'70, (Elizabeth
Chataway, BA'67), a son, Charles Arthur,
August 7, 1972 in Regina, Sask. . . Mr. and
Mrs. John Hollemans, BASc'71 (Carlene
Westinghouse, BA'65), a son, Aubrey Jan,
July 9,1972 in Manchester, England. . .Anne
(Henslow), BA'67 and Paul Jeffs, a daughter,
Amanda Elizabeth, July 29,1972 in Toronto.
. . Dr. and Mrs. Donald R. McDiarmid,
BASc'60, MASc'61, PhD'65, a daughter,
Heather Marie, December 25, 1972 in
Ottawa. . . Mr. and Mrs. Graham Nixon,
BA'65, a daughter, Sheelagh Colleen,
December 24,1972 in Vancouver. . .Mr. and
Mrs. Norman Okerstrom, BSc'65 (Maureen
ProCtor, BA'65), a daughter, Kerry Lee,
November 19, 1972 in Surrey . . . Mr. and
Mrs. Michael Steede, BA'60, a daughter,
Valerie Anne, November 11, 1972 in Vancouver. . . Mr. and Mrs. Charles Schom,
BSA'67, a son, Bruce Charles, December
14, 1972 in Davis, Calif. . . Mr. and Mrs.
Gary Thorsteinson, BA'67, a son, Adam
Peter, December 15, 1972 in Chibougamau,
Que. . . Mr. and Mrs. Gerrold E. Vernon,
BASc'57, a daughter, Laura Leann, October
19, 1972 in Vancouver.
Grant-Goguen. Lt. Col. William E. Grant,
BA'56 to Suzanne A. Goguen, November
27, 1972 in Washington, D.C Phillips-
Wood. Arthur Harold Phillips, BSA'33,
MSA'52 to Dorothy McDonell Wood,
BA'42, MEd'68, December 27,1972 in Vancouver.
V. Brian Chew, BCom'47, October 1972 in
Vancouver. He joined the federal trade and
commerce department in 1960 and was
named consul and trade commissioner in
Chicago later that year. Further postings
took him to Ghana, Los Angeles and Ottawa. Survived by his wife (Joan Mitchell,
class of '48) and three daughters.
AlanF. Gill, BA'24, MA'25, February 1972,
in Vancouver. Early in his career he worked
with the federal department of mines and
the National Research Council. During the
Second World War he was assistant director
general of munitions in the Canadian government and later director general of reparations
in the British zone of Germany. He returned
to Canada as director of the standards division of the federal trade and commerce department and entered private business in
1949. Survived by his wife, daughter, son,
James, BLS'64, LLB'69, four sisters; Margaret, BA'19, Bonnie, BA'21, BASc'24 and
Dorothy, (Mrs. F. Brauns), BA'22.
Mrs. Edward Dewart Lewis, BA'22,
(Winifred Bullock), November 1972 in Kent-
field, Calif. Survived by her husband,
Rosemary Kent-Barber, BA'59, (BJ, Carleton), December 1972in Inuvik, N.W.T. Survived by her brother, Nigel, BA'61.
Michael James Nordlund, BCom'68, January
1973 in Vancouver. Survived by his wife,
parents and sister.
Mrs. Harold M. Pryke, BA'35 (Katharine
Spurting), December 1972 in DawsonCreek.
At UBC she was secretary of L'Alouette
Club and a member of the Guide Club. Following teacher training at UBC she taught
in Dawson Creek before moving to Kelowna
in 1940 where she taught languages and
drama. Survived by her husband, daughter,
son, F. Roger, BA'68, LLB'71, sister and
two brothers, Roger, BSP'49.
C. Douglas Stevenson, BASc'27, December
1972 in Williams Lake. His early professional years were spent as a mining engineer in
Ontario, Quebec and B.C. In 1948 he became director and general manager of Mac-
kenzies Ltd., a department store in Williams
Lake. He served as school board member
in both Quesnel and Williams Lake and was
a founding member of the Central Cariboo
Hospital district, serving 10 years as hospital
board chairman. He was also a director of
the Cariboo Memorial Hospital, and chairman of its board for eight years. Survived
by his wife (Anne Mackenzie, BA'27), three
daughters and a brother.
Mrs. George Zier (Emma Eugene Washington), BA'47, May 1972 in Chilliwack. Survived by her husband. Q
On the need for a clarified
UBC campus
Our thanks for the article in the winter
Chronicle on UBC traffic flow, which was
laughable rather than humourous — the
erudite and perceptive will know the difference.
What neither Physical Plant with their
phallic posts, nor Traffic and Patrol with
their litter of lampooning labelling, have
assimilated — seemingly — is that there are
a variety of purposes for good signs, and
a number of categories of users. There is
the mobile motorist who needs rapid assimilation of mandatory directions and of basic
information and the pedestrian person who
can pause to achieve the same aims.
Mandatory traffic orders should be placed
where immediately readable and understood, as some of them are. But why not
place STOP signs etc. — at a four foot height
— as in West Vancouver — where they impinge on drivers' headlights and can be seen
by even infantile pedestrians? Within the
central pedestrian core of campus why are
there any traffic, or parking, signs at all?
By very definition the space is sacrosanct
to pedestrians; vehicles are only permitted
for special purposes, and all drivers know
— or should know — the limits for operation,
extensions of courtesy and common sense.
Specially reserved parking near the library
would obviously come within these guidelines. Let us immediately do away with all
traffic signs within the pedestrian core: NO
ENTRY signs should be the last to litter
the campus with unnecessary clutter.
And let us amalgamate the so-called Academic Planning which is exactly that — academic; it seems to have little effect on Physical Plant — with the technicians at Physical
Plant who erect and maintain the physical
assets of the University. We advocate a new
combined, and reduced ! Physical Planning
Department responsible for integrating
users' wishes with fiscal restraints to draft
plans, erect buildings and maintain plant. Is
it too logical for the academicians and technicians? We trust not! Then participation by
faculty, students, staff and alumni might well
produce a university campus with sufficient
signs for guidance, but without the present
messy miasma of plaques and posts, most
of which are ignored due to surfeit.
Two final recommendations: let the user
be served. (Let the hitch-hiking posts on
Wesbrook have destinations visible to the
driver offering the ride). And let there be,
in this multi-cultural bilingual land, more use
of the international VISUAL SIGNS,
amplified by short concise words rather than
the rambling rhetoric currently used. (A
"right arrow" and "ALL RIGHT" is
We look forward to viewing, and understanding, the clarified UBC campus.
Hamish Earle, BA'71
On  reading  reviews
Dance to the Anthill*
It is a thing regrettable to mee
That literary critics numbering three
Have none applied to Riddehough
For those of us who're old enough
The name by which we loved him —
Eric W. Jackson, BA'24
Longview, Wash.
*See Chronicle, winter 1972. □
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Bank of Montreal - Continued from p. 27.
would, of course, serve as well for
the literature of any nation. But
since they are universal they do
apply to us, and it is a welcome
change to have a critic seeking
values that are both Canadian and
Canadian writers have traditionally found Canada to be ghostless.
We do not have ancient cities well
peopled with crying ghosts. Our
prairies and mountain passes do not
echo the battle cries of dusty wars.
Our writers have, as New points
out, created a "rhetoric of landscape." It is a good phrase, and it
does give us a clue to some of the
intuitions we have about ourselves
as we go fumblingly about the business of deciding who we have been,
who we are today, and who we
might like to be. New's book itself
is a contribution to this quest for
a clear sense of our Canadian ego.
We are warned by New in the
introduction to his book: "To 'sentence' that identity, to find words
to articulate it, is paradoxically at
once to create and to limit it." I
think most Canadians would be willing to chance the limitations for a
while if they could, for a change,
get a glimpse of themselves in the
mirrors of literature which showed
something other than a face half
British or European and half American. No myth lived through by a
nation has persisted with greater
tenacity than the one which says
we are mere hybrids. Canadians
suffer from a special twist on Sir
Thomas Browne's idea about the
human condition: "Man is the only
true amphibian, forced to live in
divided and distinguished worlds."
Articulating West is an anthology, a collection of essays by a man
who was once self-described as an
"inveterate anthologizer." Publishing in the west includes a great deal
of anthologizing. It is an important
and lucrative part of the industry,
because thousands of anthologies
are prescribed reading in university
and college courses.
The book contains essays on writers both living and dead. A few
of the authors whose work is examined: Laurence, Lowry, Birney,
MacLennan, Frederick John
Niven, and E.J. Pratt. The chapter
headings in the book are too pretentious, most alarmingly the final one:
"Voices for the Soundless Fugue."
A scan of the index of essays contained in the book is consequently
a somewhat mind-boggling experience. All this may frighten off
otherwise courageous readers who
might find their appreciation of
Canadian literature deepened greatly by reading the essays themselves.
Articulating West is, however, a
book for specialists or for those general readers who look for scholarly
assistance in assessing the books
they read.
Professor New's analysis of the
paradox of order and disorder revealed in our literature is adept. The
writers he criticizes have wrestled
art into life. New wrestles the literature into a conflict between the idea
of a static East and an unsettled
West that is in danger of being East-
ernized. The basic "dilemma" is
that the newcomers were cultivated
before coming here, and to achieve
an immediate perception of what is
specifically Canadian it is necessary
to upset or destroy some Old World
New writes: "By ordering their
world, they 'Easternize' it, and the
dilemma is compounded when they
realize that not ordering it at all
would leave their identity articulated only by outsiders' preconceptions."
Articulating West should persuade some sceptical scholars and
general readers that Canadian
literature has a measure of the substance and excitement that makes
literatures of small nations worth
reading beyond their borders. Who
ever asks if the rich literary traditions of Sweden and Ireland are
worth studying? No one. It is presumed that the heritage, whatever
its scope or limitations, is worth examining. To parody Socrates: The
unexamined heritage is not worth
having. The same prejudice that
makes us half British, half American also makes us see our literature
as a not very virile dribble next to
the steady outpourings of England
and America.
There is no attempt in this book
to make the tradition richer or more
significant than it is — the essays
are not "puffery." There is, however, a worthwhile effort to show
that there is gold in Canadian literary hills even if the hills are not great
I found it strange to read lines
like, "When his character Macdonald tries to convince the public
to support explicitly a plan to build
a transcontinental railroad and
implicitly an intangible dream of nationhood, Pratt admits the radically
different but apparently reconcilable compulsion of 'pagan' rhetoric
and logical argument."
It sounds strange because I am
not used to reading serious, scholarly criticism of our literature. It is
a good sign that books like this are
becoming available. It suggests we
are beginning to be critically self-
conscious. Criticism and creativity
should inspire each other, as they
do on rare occasions, and we may
find that our writers will welcome
criticism that isn't merely journalistic.
Professor New is sensitive to
humour, and the essays are highly
readable. An essay entitled "Carol
Coates Cassidy and the Form Dispute" reminds us, for instance, of
S.I. Hayakawa's barbed classification of Canadian poetry as "Victorian, Neo-Victorian, Quasi-
Victorian, and Pseudo-Victorian."
It also reminds us of a period of
our history, not so long ago (the
1930s), when our literary magazines
included the offerings of many
"ladies with three names. Writers
like Anna Letitia Wales, Maisie
Nelson Devitt, and Jessie Playfair
Bickford sprinkled the journal's
pages with sincerity, piety, and
(when World War II demanded it)
a rather conventional-sounding
New adds: "It is work like theirs
that had inspired the anonymous
Scott-like "God Bless the
C.A.A.*! in The Canadian Mercury in 1929:
Rosie wrote some little rhymes
For the Birdseye Centre Times:
Gushing friends did then explain:
"This will surely bring you fame!
You must join the C.A.A."
Most western countries have had
various versions of "tripartite
ladies," as New calls them. Perhaps there is some law in this universe of order and disorder which
says great writers appear in inverse
proportion to the number of tripartite ladies and junior edition T.S.
Eliots inhabiting the culture. In that
case, there is much hope for
Canada. □
* Canadian Authors Association "~*   J»   .W" w
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