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UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle [1973-09]

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VOLUME 27, No. 3, AUTUMN 1973
How UBC Researchers Are Pioneering
In Developmental Medicine
Viveca Ohm
Murray McMillan
Arv Olson
Coal Filtration Process Raises
Hope Of A Clean-up
Peter Ladner
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
COVER Jamieson/Keremidschieff
Alumni Media, (604-688-6819)
Dr. Erich Vogt, (BSc, MSc, Manitoba), (PhD, Princeton),
chairman; Mrs. R.W. Wellwood, BA'51, past chairman;
Robert Dundas, BASc'48; Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff
Hancock, BFA73; Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago); Ian MacAlpine, LLB '71; Mrs. Bel
Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46, MA'48, (PhD,
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University
of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C.    (604-228-3313).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all alumni
of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year, students $1 a year.
ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address, with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records. 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8. B.C.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
What has a squash tournament,
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October 19-20
(If you're a member of the Class of '28,
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Approximate departure date The average woman of a century
ago must have approached childbirth with as much trepidation as we
would open-heart surgery. Certainly the procedure was riddled
with risks, from the first labour
pains, uneased by natural delivery
yoga or pre-natal positive thinking.
Happiness might be a hefty dose of
chloroform. After that you were in
the hands of the doctor, hands
which might be as unclean as his
instruments. A doctor at all, rather
than a midwife, was a great step
forward; while both Roman and
Arabian early medicine recognized
the need for a trained physician in
difficult deliveries, it was not until
the mid-nineteenth century that obstetrics changed from folk medicine
to a medical science.
Though infection kept infant
mortality high, the chief concern
was for the mother. She could, after
all, always have another baby: provided puerperal fever did not spread
through her blood and prove fatal or
render her sterile, provided she had
weeks of bedrest to recover from
convulsions and weakness, and
provided she was willing to go
through the whole gamble again.
The average pregnant woman
today faces no such ordeal —
thanks to available contraception
she is likely carrying a wanted baby;
thanks to obstetrical advances, she
need no longer worry about the delivery procedure itself. Nor is infant
mortality as great a concern as it
formerly was. But the pregnant
woman today is by no means free of
worries. She has the ever-present
anxiety: will the baby be normal?
Will it have any genetic defects?
Will any drugs she has taken or diseases she has been exposed to affect
the child?
Understandable anxieties. Although the chance of a baby having
any birth defect, either major or
minor, is generally only two per
cent, the memory of the
thalidomide tragedy still haunts us.
Mongolism afflicts one in six to
seven hundred babies in the province, a newborn infant is susceptible to certain respiratory disorders
and developmental weaknesses,
and the stress of labour is still a
trauma for the baby.
But it may not be long before
even this kind of worry is taken out
of giving birth. The focus of obstet-
Are Pioneering
In Developmental
Viveca Ohm rics is now on the "quality" of pregnancy, and developmental
medicine is concerned with
eliminating or correcting defects in
the infant, often while it is still in the
womb. For the first time the fetus is
regarded as a patient.
As the first university in Canada
to delve into developmental
medicine on any large scale, UBC
can boast a well-known group of investigators. A Canadian geneticist
studying mongolism. A Czech expert on fetal nutrition. A British-
trained obstetrician who operates
on pregnant goats. An Ontario
practitioner who turned full-time
researcher on spontaneous abortions. A Montreal-born pediatrician
who heads the intensive care nursery at Vancouver General Hospital. These are some of the UBC
medical faculty who are making
heady strides in the research of developmental medicine.
In small, usually inadequate, labs
they have been poring over test
tubes, microscopes, dead and living
tissue. As the theories have
emerged into proof and print, developmental research has moved
from a little-known and largely ignored field to a dynamic and growing branch of medicine, and one in
which UBC is becoming a leader.
In response to the situation —
and not a moment too soon, as far as
the research group is concerned —
the Centre for Developmental
Medicine was opened last year to
provide the doctors with much-
needed facilities. Built on VGH
land but operated by UBC, the
centre is the first for developmental
medicine in Canada.
It is an unprepossessing little
building. Squatting on Tenth Avenue beneath the imposing hulk of
the hospital's Centennial Pavilion,
it looks more like a small-town
motel or a modest radio station than
anything that could lay claim to
"first in Canada". The researchers
within might not exactly have room
to run in its 2,000 square feet, but
they admit that it is a decided improvement over previous working
conditions. The $54,000 cost of the
centre was raised through the
Health Centre for Children Society; it opened in December 1972
with the installation of Drs. Peter
Hahn and Molly Towell, both of
whom have joint appointments in
UBC's departments of pediatrics
and obstetrics and gynecology.
Dr. Hahn, who studies the enzyme defects connected with fetal
nutrition, was in fact the reason for
the Centre for Developmental
Medicine being built in the first
place. The prospect of getting Dr.
Hahn, an internationally-respected
authority in metabolic research, on
the UBC faculty, called for some
re-evaluation of existing facilities.
When Dr. Hahn fled his native
Czechoslovakia in 1968 following
the Russian invasion, Dr. Sydney
Segal of the medical faculty met him
in London and was able to offer him
a position and a promise of workspace at UBC. But if Dr. Hahn was
the catalyst, Dr. Segal was the instigator. He had long been pushing
for an interdisciplinary centre, not
bound by any department, that
would be open to researchers from
different universities and hospitals
who shared common interests.
The irony is that now the centre is
in operation, Dr. Segal, who was to
have used it also, has gracefully
withdrawn as the size of the building had to be cut back. A second
storey is planned, however, which
may open more of the initial possibilities.
If the term developmental
medicine is general and broad, so is
the field. Developmental medicine
is concerned with organs and body
systems in stages of development as
opposed to mere growth. While
periods of development occur all
through life — in infancy, adolescence, pregnancy, senility — the
work at UBC relates mainly to the
fetus and newborn infant. This is
tied in, as Dr. Segal explains, with
the organization of the department
to span such closely related fields as
pediatrics, obstetrics, embryology.
A professor in the department of
pediatrics, Dr. Segal is also head of
the division of maternal, fetal and
neo-natal medicine.
In his office in the Health Centre
for Children, adjoining VGH, Dr.
Segal outlines some of the problems
surrounding birth and infancy that
fall under the heading of developmental medicine. His own work is
concerned particularly with the
sudden infant death syndrome
(SIDS), which strikes three in a
thousand babies and is the most
common cause of childhood death,
until traffic accidents takes over
after the toddler stage. The remarkable thing about SIDS is that no
one has been able to pin down the
cause; the infants almost all die in
their sleep with no visible signs of
violence or discomfort. That the
deaths take place during rapid eye
movement (REM) sleep — the time
of dreaming — suggests a sudden
surge of nervous activity. Adult
heart attacks that occur in sleep also
take place during the REM dream
period. With infants, there could be
a connection with the development
of the nervous system, heart, and
lungs, all of which take place at the
same time as the high-risk age for
SIDS (up to 3 months).
Dr. Segal: " I' ve got a window on
this whole area because I've been
involved with the American government in their program for SIDS.
I'm chairman of the Los Angeles
group to evaluate causes, so I can
see which are the most likely areas
for research."
A sudden physical jolt can sometimes ward off SIDS, and Dr. Segal
wants to create a program to study
babies who have survived in this
way. These are the infants who are
also more likely to die from SIDS
later on. Why? What makes these
babies different? He also hopes to
set up a high-risk register for infants
with any kind of weakness or problem in order to bring them back later
to check on the treatment efficacy.
For transporting babies in need of
special treatment, Dr. Segal has designed a transport incubator which
lets the attendant reach in with his
hands without breaking the sealed
oxygen and heat environment that
protects the child. Until recently,
he explains, babies were sent on
aircraft like parcels and little care
was possible in such situations.
Of the intensive care nursery he
is in charge of, Dr. Segal says, "We
have the best nursery west of
Toronto...or make that Winnipeg."
The claim gets a boost when department head, Dr. Sydney Israels,
walks in and joyously announces
that B.C. scored highest in this
year's federally-set exams (those
that allow physicians to practice
medicine) and that pediatrics led the
other provinces by the greatest
Another infant danger that challenges developmental medicine is
the respiratory distress syndrome.
Also known as Hyaline membrane
disease, it received a burst of public
attention when Patrick Kennedy,
the fourth child of the President
died of it. The defect relates to the development of the lungs and usually occurs in premature babies.
The air sacs can be stuck together
("like wet plates", according to Dr.
Segal) by surface tension; there is a
substance that overcomes this by
allowing the lungs to inflate easily.
This material, the main component
of which is lecithin, is made in the
lungs in the fetal stage; it cannot be
injested or injected, so that if a baby
is born before it develops, or if the
substance is damaged or destroyed,
the infant will not survive. Dr.
Segal has been studying this problem for several years, trying to arrive both through animal research
and human observation at the factors which affect the substance. He
also explains that giving oxygen in
the treatment of respiratory problems is complicated by the fact that
too much oxygen is as dangerous as
too little; it can cause lung damage
and even blindness.
The respiratory problems of the
fetus form the basis of Dr. Molly
Towell's widely-recognized work.
In her lab in the Centre for Developmental Medicine, British-
trained Dr. Towell studies pregnant
goats to determine the effect of cord
occlusion on the fetus. Cord occlusion, or pressure on the umbilical
cord, can cause a form of fetal
strangulation by interfering with the
oxygen supply from the placenta.
Oxygen shortage is reflected in a
change in the acid base of the blood,
which is normally kept balanced by
the lungs and kidneys.
Cord occlusion is significant because it is similar to the type of
stress a baby undergoes in labour.
Dr. Towell had also been working
closely with the fetal monitoring
unit, a system of measuring the
heartbeat, blood acidity, and respiration of the infant about to be born.
If the monitoring unit shows a sudden drop in pressure, the baby is in
trouble. The time and strain of normal delivery may be too much for it,
and a Caesarian may be resorted to
in order to treat the baby as soon as
Dr. Towell was the first physician in B.C. to perform an amniocentesis. This is the pre-natal
test in which a hypodermic is inserted into the uterus to withdraw a
sample of the amniotic fluid which
surrounds the fetus. The widening
use of amniocentesis is one of the
keys to preventive medicine; it can
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PHARMACY-B.5C.PHARM. • VETERINARY MEDICINE-D.V.M. genetic defects early enough in the
pregnancy for possible corrective
measures to be taken.
One of the most well-known and
most feared of genetic defects is
mongolism, or Down's syndrome.
Caused by an abnormal chromosome count in the cells, it produces
both physical and mental deformities. One in every six or seven
hundred babies delivered in B.C. is
a mongoloid, and the risk of giving
birth to a mongoloid doubles when
the mother reaches 35. Dr. James
Miller, acting head of UBC's medical genetics department feels that
the disease could be drastically reduced with proper genetic counselling and the widespread use of the
amniocentesis test. At the Genetic
Counselling Clinic in the Health
Centre for Children, he and his colleagues talk to pregnant women and
recommend the test when risk is indicated.
The tests are usually administered around the 14th week of pregnancy. What happens is that the
sample fluid contains cell matter
from the fetus; this material is cen-
trifuged, the cells cultured, and the
chromosomes analyzed, all within
ten to 14 days after the test. This
gives time for an abortion, but only
if the mother wishes. While Dr.
Miller's concern is for genetic
well-being and the decrease of all
genetically-determined defects, he
does not like to think of legislation
restricting either research or individual freedom.
Enzyme study is a very new area
of developmental medicine and one
in which Dr. Peter Hahn has great
expertise. Dr. Hahn, has spent 20
years in metabolism research, and
what he cannot tell you about enzymes probably hasn't been discovered. There are about 3,000 known
enzymes (cell-produced proteins
that bring about certain chemical
reactions in the body) and 300
known defects of those enzymes.
What Dr. Hahn is working on are
the mechanisms leading to the appearance or disappearance of certain enzymes at different stages in
the development of the fetus. A
premature baby whose enzyme system is not yet fully developed may
have some defect that will retard its
later growth. It may for instance be
unable to utilize food given by
mouth as well as a full-term baby
and this, in turn would of course
further impede its development.
Hormones, drugs, food components, these all affect the enzymes.
In working with fetal rats, Dr.
Hahn adds hormones to a liver culture and finds that some hormones
act through a common substance
called cyclic AMP to increase the
enzymes present. Closely related to
that is the somewhat more dramatic
problem of how hormones given to
human mothers affect the fetus.
Rheumatism in pregnant women,
for instance, is treated with a
steroid hormone that, if Dr. Hahn's
research is any indication, might be
less than harmless to the liver of the
The effect of diet on the newborn
is Dr. Hahn's primary concern. He
has found that such adult complications as hypertension and arteriosclerosis seem to be related to the kind
of diet a newborn infant receives.
While still in the womb, the fetus is
nourished chiefly with glucose from
the mother. Mother's milk, however, is a high-fat diet, so at birth
and first feeding, several enzymes
that were not previously required
spring into action. If, on the other
hand, the baby gets not mother's
milk but commercial baby food and
formula milk with its high-
carbohydrate rather than fat content, a later normal diet may affect
him differently.
In his experiments with rats, Dr.
Hahn has investigated the effect of
both mother's milk and "artificial"
milk. Male rats, weaned earlier than
normal and put on a high-
carbohydrate diet, were sterile after
six months, the enzyme development was altered, and their level of
cholesterol in the blood was
significantly higher than for those
fed breast-milk.
A confirmed advocate of breastfeeding, Dr. Hahn thinks a too-
early carbohydrate diet makes us
more vulnerable to the damages of
starch and cholesterol in later life. If
mother's milk can offer protection
against hypertension, heart attacks,
and hardening of the arteries, if it
gives us some extra leeway in handling our deplorable sugar-ridden
diet, then to choose not to breastfeed an infant borders on the criminal. So says Dr. Hahn anyway.
"The biggest problem in our society is sugar", he maintains, and
points out that "England was never
fed better than during the war,"
when all the high-starch trimmings
were rationed away.
Some people are concerned about a deformed
foot, but a few minutes during delivery might mean a
lifetime of agony if brain
damage occurs.
He offers coffee and gives a wry
guided tour of his crowded but
better-than-it-used-to-be quarters
in the centre. He would rather talk
politics than go into detail about his
work; after trying out enzyme
names like phosphoenolpyruvate
carboxykinase on ignorant ears, he
expands on his attitudes to
medicine and the necessity for basic
curiosity-driven research without
pressure to produce immediate
answers. He welcomes the shift to
the preventive rather than curative
orientation. To him the sound approach to medicine is that of "the
Chinese emperors who paid their
doctors only as long as they were in
good health".
Never having been interested in
practising medicine, Dr. Hahn has
been working in research labs and
publishing his findings since the beginning of his medical career in
Czechoslovakia. He was director of
the Laboratory for Developmental
Nutrition of the Czechoslovakia
Academy of Sciences until he came
to UBC, where his work is unique
in Canada.
Looking at the professional climate in the west and in his native
country, Dr. Hahn finds a lot to be
desired in Canada. Pre-natal care is
not taken seriously enough here,
and the policy of one doctor having
more or less exclusive charge over a
patient still inhibits the sharing of
knowledge. "No single doctor can
know it all." In Czechoslovakia,
everyone has pre-natal and postnatal care; the pediatric care is
probably the best in the world, he
says, and while Czechoslovakia
cannot compete with North American in terms of technical advance,
the   organizational   side   is   far
9 Determining the cause of
congenital defects is like
looking at the top of the
superior. He credits this partly to
the Czech preoccupation with children, which reaches deep into the
cultural roots of the nation.
Two doors down from the centre,
Dr. Betty Poland conducts the only
Canadian research going on at present on spontaneous abortions. With
Dr. James Miller, who co-directs
the study, she pursues the question
of why some fetuses are rejected by
the mother's body in the early
stages of pregnancy. About 15 per
cent of pregnancies in fact abort,
and in over 50 per cent of these
cases, it is because of some developmental defect.
Yet nature and the limitations of
human observation seem to defy the
attempt to determine a pattern. The
same apparent anomaly that will
cause one woman to abort in the
eighth week may be carried to full
term in another woman. A seemingly perfect embryo may be
aborted because the placenta is inadequate. Moreover, so many embryos are lost to study because they
are rejected at such an early stage
and with so little discomfort to the
mother that she may never suspect
she was pregnant.
Gross defects may be biochemical, as well as morphological, or
structural. And here arises the
major problem for Drs. Poland and
Miller: biochemical defects are impossible to detect in the fetus because they can only be observed in
living tissue, and the aborted material is, necessarily, dead. Consequently, a fetus may have stunted
limbs and other structural deformities while the real cause of abortion is biochemical, but "we'll
never know."
"Determining the cause of congenital defects is like looking at the
top of the iceberg," says Dr. Poland.
Very little has been done till now
in the study of spontaneous abortions. They were either undetected,
or regarded as "just one of those
things that happen to women."
Even a pattern of repeated miscarriages was regrettable, but not
cause for scientific study.
In 1910-1920 there was a surge of
medical interest in the causes of
abortions, but it dropped until recently, possibly due to lack of
equipment, facilities, specimen,
and support. The year 1952 saw the
invention of a microscope to detect
chromosomes; ten years later in
Canada, Dr. David Carr was looking at abortions with a view to
chromosomal defects. What was it
in the chromosomal structure of the
fetus that caused it to be aborted?
Dr. Poland was familiar with Dr.
Carr's work and was encouraged by
him to enter this field. Born and
trained in England, she had spent 22
years in medical practice, half of
those in Ontario, before turning to
research after she and her family
moved to B.C. in 1964. She now
holds a joint appointment in the departments of pediatrics and obstetrics and gynecology at UBC. Her
research, which initially concen-
tra ed on the morphological aspects
of abortion, has widened to include
the chromosomal as well, and is the
only such study in the country. Like Dr. Hahn, Betty Poland
balks at the "practical focus, immediate uses" approach to research. The progress is slow and
infinitely careful. She has looked at
around 150 specimens a year since
1966, yet the answers remain elusive.
Reduction deformity (the incidence of missing limbs or parts of
limbs) peaked recently in the western provinces, but only long-term
study may link these abortions to
possible environmental causes.
Perhaps there are none says Dr.
Poland's staff, who have come to
have as much respect for chance as
for the Necessary Cause. The
sporadic incidence of abortions
over the years have taught them
that: "Sometimes there will be ten
abortions within a few weeks, then
none." The moon, the weather,
large-scale pesticide spray, diet,
drugs, cosmetics? Impossible to pin
What the team can offer with
reasonable certainty is what does
not cause spontaneous abortion.
Bleeding during pregnancy does not
necessarily endanger a fetus; in
fact, in terms of congenital defects,
it may even be a good sign. The time
factor is also crucial when studying
an interfering agent; thalidomide
caused gross deformities only when
it had been taken by the mother at a
specific time during pregnancy; any
earlier or later, it could have had
very different effects or none at all.
The stage in life a particular drug is
taken is also important; while
thalidomide had no effect on the
mothers themselves beyond the
beneficial one of alleviating nausea,
it physically stunted the fetus, and
when given to elderly women,
caused paralysis.
The first eight weeks in the gestation period are the most crucial.
This is the embryonic stage when
the single cell develops into a
human form. During this time, the
organs and systems will all be
formed. After the first eight-week
period, the fetus, as it is then referred to, only grows in size.
All congenital defects occur in
the first eight weeks. Past that, the
margin of safety takes a jump. The
problem is that very few women
know they have conceived until
several weeks later; in the meantime they may in happy ignorance
reach into the pharmacopeia of
drugs to treat their headaches,
colds, diet problems etc., but harm
the baby they don't know they are
carrying. The safest course would
be the impracticable extreme of
having all women abstain from any
kind of drug and any chemically affected environment while there is
the slightest chance they may be
If there are brighter sides to this
difficult puzzle, one is that there is
no lack of cooperation from patients
and doctors in providing the necessary data. A woman who has had a
spontaneous abortion rather than a
therapeutically-induced one will
usually be more than willing to do
what she can toward discovering
the cause.
Ultimately, of course, Dr. Poland sees her work as contributing
to healthier infants and decreasing
the incidence of mental and physical deformities in the newborn. She
works in conjunction with the registry of handicapped children and
adults, established in 1950, which
lists all known birth defects in the
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children," she says with some regret. Early recognition of birth defects could both cut down on parental heartache and shift the scarce
funds to other needed areas.
The problems all these researchers share are money and space.
And in human research, material.
The money comes for the most part
from the Medical Research Council, but never in the plentiful flow an
ideal research situation would have.
The theme that crops up again
and again in talking with the doctors
involved in infant and fetal development is the "quality of pregnancy", and the idea that "now
that abortions and contraception
have practically eliminated unwanted pregnancies, the concern
for the wanted babies is greater than
There is still so much that can
happen to a baby, from high blood
pressure in the mother to the possible effects of pollutants. (A recent
discovery indicates that DDT
starts the enzyme system developing before nature would have it).
The risks run the gamut of the genetic and environmental. It is a vital
field to be working in, but Dr. Her-
minia Salvador, also of the UBC
department of obstetrics and
gynecology, is not alone in finding
that babies are still taken casually
and the best facilities given to adult
To Dr. Salvador, a former associate of Molly Towell but now
concentrating on stress on the infant, the most important factor in
the "quality" of birth is mentality.
If a newborn baby doesn't breathe
right away, brain damage can occur
and can be severe. "These are some
of the babies we can save. Some
people are concerned about a deformed foot, but a few minutes during delivery might mean a lifetime of
agony if brain damage occurs.
That's why developmental medicine is so important — although
it isn't as dramatic as cancer research or heart disease...."
In the long-term view, the preoccupation with healthy babies cannot
but insure better care both by medical experts and in the home. And
that can only give us a good, strong
lead in becoming a healthier society. □
Viveca Ohm, BA'69, a Vancouver
free-lance writer, is currently working on her second novel. Citizen
Murray McMillan
Harry Verney Warren. B.A.,
B.Sc , B.A.Sc, D.Phil., O.C,
F.R.S.C, F.G.S.A., Rhodes
Scholar, Commonwealth Fund Fellow, member of Senate, Great
Trekker, amateur actor, athlete,
sports enthusiast. The list goes on
and on and on.
Oh yes, teacher.
It has been 52 years since Harry
V. Warren began his association
with the University of British Columbia. He entered as a first-year
student in 1921. Except for a few
years away to study at Oxford and
at the California Institute of Technology, he's been part of the University ever since. His role has
changed from that of student to
graduate to lecturer in geology and
eventually to that of professor, and
now it's changing again. Officially,
he's retiring. But anyone who
knows Harry Warren knows there's
really no such thing for him as retirement. A withdrawal from active
teaching perhaps, but not retirement.
"What's happening is that I
change from salary to pension, but I
won't be teaching, except on the
odd occasion," he explains. He will
continue with his research work,
expanding an inter-disciplinary field
which he developed in the 1930s.
While prospecting for minerals he
says he just "got tired of digging
holes" and started looking for other
clues of deposits' locations. Since
13 plants are continually exploring the
underground with their roots and
drawing their findings upwards, he
began to scan fauna for traces of the
elements which they acquired. The
result is called biogeochemistry,
something that was laughed off at
first, but is now treated with the
greatest of respect by Warren's fellow scientists.
In recent years his biogeochemistry has been taking him into the field
of medicine, carefully examining
how concentrations of such minerals as lead, copper, zinc and molybdenum are absorbed by plant life
and eventually become part of the
food we eat. He believes that the
resulting concentrations can contribute to diseases such as cancer
and multiple sclerosis. For his efforts, Britain's Royal College of
General Practice recently made
him an honourary fellow. He takes
pride in the honour and delight in
the thought of a geologist being a
member of that major medical organization.
But it's not just his academic and
scientific work that's earned him
respect. In June a dinner was given
in his honour to mark his retirement. The tributes flowed in from
all corners of the globe — from students, business associations, fellow
professors, men in the mining industry, figures in the world of
amateur sport — all speaking highly
of his contributions to a multitude of
His prime professional activities
have had two intertwined forces —
a constant striving for excellence in
teaching and in stimulating the
minds of those who came to his
classes; and a vital concern for the
sane development of the vast mineral resources of his native province. The two are totally related.
He taught students to see the wealth
in the ground around them, to know
its worth, and to utilize it wisely;
and in industry he was out in the
field seeking new mineral deposits
or at the lectern trying to educate
the public. For 40 years he has been
associated with the B.C. and
Yukon Chamber of Mines and
served as its president for three of
those years.
Harry Warren's not a bashful
man. For decades he has aimed his
keen, professional eye at governments and their activities and preferred straight-from-the-shoulder
advice — whether they wanted to
hear it or not. "I've always felt that
the university was there to serve the
people of B.C., and that included
any governments who were wishful
of taking non-partisan advice." He
hasn't been partisan. The provincial Liberals felt his wrath in the late
1930s over patronage in the civil
service; W.A.C Bennett's Social
Credit government was given much
advice on hydro policies; and, more
recently, Dave Barrett's New
Democrats have been rapped for introducing bills which Warren felt
would squeeze the small prospector
out of British Columbia's mining
But that's the professional side of
the man. Away from mines and
dams and minerals is a man equally
concerned with amateur sport, culture, and the quality of life in the
university community, the urban
community and the global community.
Sitting on the well-worn leather
sofa in the den of his home (just a
stone's throw from the university),
the visitor gazes around and sees
memorabilia recording a vast range
of human endeavour. There are
honourary memberships in professional socieites ("You know you're
getting old when they start giving
you life memberships"), loving
cups, team photographs from Oxford and Cambridge, the Great
Trekker Award which the Alma
Mater Society presented to him in
1968, shields, pennants, bookshelves lined with volume upon
volume of the Cricketer's Almanack and the Canadian Journal
of Earth Science.
He's always been interested in
sport — amateur sport. One can feel
the anger well up in him when he
talks about the great amount of attention focussed on professional
sports ("They're just a lot of paid
gladiators"), while hundreds of fine
athletes, many of them of international calibre, are next-to-ignored in
the amateur realm.
The name of Harry Warren has
been strongly tied to rugby and
cricket, but it is with field hockey
that it is most closely associated.
He's served in a host of positions in
all three sports and at one point was
president of the Canadian Field
Hockey Association. At UBC, he
served on the Men's Athletic
Committee for many years.
Today he decries the decreased
interest in sport on campus. He sees
athletics as an important part of
university life, an area in which
people from divergent disciplines
can get together for comradeship.
"It's hard for a budding doctor, a
budding lawyer, and a budding engineer to get to know each other if
there isn't a common ground." The
playing field, he says, is one ground
that all can share.
He obviously enjoys reminiscing
about his five-plus decades on campus, although the passing of certain
traditions and institutions saddens
him. "There are a lot of things that
I'm glad I lived through and I'm
sorry to see go. The Players Club
was one of those things. It introduced me to the theatre and to people whom I, as an engineer, would
never have met otherwise — people
from arts and sciences and agriculture. The cultural contributions of
people in the Players Club were
great, and these things have been
Other things are gone as well.
"At one time our United Nations
Association (on campus) was a
model for Canada. We haven't even
got a United Nations society now."
That's a particularly sad loss for a
man who worked for 23 years on the
executive of the Vancouver branch
of the Canadian UN Association.
"These activities were cultural
things that cut across all segments
of the university and greatly enriched its life. If you look at the
university now, you'll find there is
little or no contact — particularly
between professor and student. I
learned so much from knowing my
teachers outside the classroom."
In recent times, Warren has been
on the winning sides in two civic
battles — the first to save old
Shaughnessy Golf Course from
being totally eaten up by real estate
developers, and the other, to preserve Christ Church Cathedral.
At age 69, he still operates at full
speed. During the summer months
he is out prospecting when he can
be. "You don't find mines by sitting
in Vancouver," he says with a sly
grin. He looks back over his career
with equal good humour, recalling
incident after incident, and adds
with a thankful tone: "One thing
they haven't been able to tax yet is
memories." □
Murray McMillan is a fourth year
arts student and a part-time writer
for the Sun. When Will UBC's
Cinderella Sports
Story Have
A Happy Ending?
They called them the "Cinderella
Crew." They were UBC's eight-
oared crew that seemingly rowed
out of nowhere to win a gold medal
at the British Empire Games back
in 1954. By sheer determination, in
the face of lack of finances and
facilities, UBC's rowers had risen
to become among the best in the
world. The "Cinderella Crew". It
was a catchy name and an appropriate one.
That's the way it's always been
with UBC. Handicapped by anemic
budgets and often inadequate
facilities, the University still regularly produces its "Cinderella"
stars. The latest example has been
in track and field where UBC has
suddenly become a power in
Canada. It always comes as a bit of
a surprise when great athletes or
teams emerge on campus because
athletics have never been a university priority — they've never been
lavishly endowed. UBC offers what
is probably the most extensive intramural and extramural university
athletic program in North America
on total resources that work out to
only a little over 20 dollars per participant.
Nor has harmony prevailed for
UBC athletics. There's always
been a volcanic controversy underlying  the  subject,   susceptible  to
Arv Olson
periodic eruption. The campus has
regularly and heatedly debated the
direction of athletics, the achievements of UBC and the agonizing
question of finances. Various committees have probed and analyzed
the subject for years — at least 10
major reports have been written on
athletics. And lately the beginning
rumblings of another great debate
on athletics have been heard.
The university senate, following
a motion by student senator Derek
Swain, has established a committee
"to examine senate's philosophies
and objectives vis-a-vis extracurricular activities and to make recommendations regarding the im-
15 plementation of same." While the
committee was set up to take a
broad look at extracurricular activities, the main concern of Swain
— and many other students — is
with the financial state of UBC athletics. Swain told senate he would
like to see a positive statement from
senate recognizing athletics as an
important part of university life.
The ultimate aim is clear: to get the
University to play a bigger part in
financing athletics.
The enigma that is the UBC athletics scene cannot really be understood without recognizing the unique climate of the university community. University climates are as
fickle as the winds in Georgia Strait.
The moods of students change continually with the population. This is
particularly true of the student
leadership and attitudes toward athletics.
UBC's traditional athletic
philosophy has been to encourage
student participation in a broad athletic program rather than funnelling
the bulk of available funds into a
few major sports involving relatively few athletes. Practically no
one questions this philosophy —
what is questioned is how well it's
being put into practice and where
the money should come from.
The ideals of athletic excellence
and wide participation are not incompatible; they are, in fact, com
plementary. Quality is achieved
and sustained only by providing a
broad base of participation. Some
7,500 students — almost a third
UBC's enrolment — participate in
the overall program, intramurals
and extramurals. The validity of the
philosophy has been proved by the
fact that, despite UBC's poor athletic image (to some), many national
and international champions have
been developed on the campus.
UBC's athletic philosophy is an
admirable one. But as many students are now realizing — and as
athletics administrators have long
known — the success of the
philosophy is being strangled by a
tight budget. Something will likely
have to give unless more money is
In the men's extramural program, UBC spreads its wealth or,
better, the lack of it, among 25
sports involving about 1,000 athletes. With budget estimates of
$121,257 for 1973-74 — $22,994 of
which is required for general accounts — the individual sports will
be forced to operate with an average
of less than $4,000 each. Considering that $21,490 is earmarked for
hockey,   $18,792   for   football,
$10,992 for basketball and $9,259
for rowing, precious little is left
for the other sports.
In the women's extramural program, some 230 athletes have to
compete in eight sports on an estimated budget for 1973-74 of $29,600.
Curiously, UBC's men's athletic
budget has been decreasing despite
these inflationary times. Last season it was $124,057. It was $135,957
in 1970-71. Ten years ago it was
$90,000 — meaning there's been a
paltry increase of $3,100 annually
over the last decade.
Members of the men's athletic
committee and UBC athletic director R.J. (Bus) Phillips have often
been quoted as saying the comprehensive program requires a
minimum operating budget of
$200,000. They said it 10 years ago
and they're still saying it today.
"We know we're strangling them
(the athletes)," says Phillips.
"We're just not in a position to help
them. We can only keep operating
under the constrictions of the program. If we had $5,000 to spare for
some of the minor sports instead of
only $200 or so, we could provide
the athletes with the equipment
they require and we could enrich
their schedule. Many of our teams
which are of national calibre are de-
lustrations/Peter Lynde prived of getting the best competition due to our limitations. They're
forced to compete locally instead of
UBC is probably the only major
university in Canada which doesn't
provide such items as ice skates,
basketball and football shoes for its
athletes. This can be a sizeable expense for athletes who go through a
couple of pair a year — good skates,
for example, can cost $100 each.
Operating funds for 1973-74
men's extramurals will come from
three main sources: $71,400 from
student Alma Mater Society fees, a
$43,557 university grant and projected gate receipts (students are
admitted free) of $5,700. Alumni
gifts and grants provided for
specific needs through the UBC
Alumni Association generally adds
another $11,000 to athletics resources each year.
Athletics receive $5 of every
student's $29 AMS fee. The men's
program receives $4.20 of this allotment and 80 cents goes to the
women's program. That works out
to $13,600 to women's athletics.
The athletic fee is considerably
lower than that of many other universities in Canada: the average is
Despite this, an AMS fee increase specifically earmarked for
athletics is not feasible for the immediate future. The AMS fee has
already been hiked $5 to $34 this
session to help pay for construction
of an indoor swimming pool on
campus. (UBC is the last major
Canadian university to get an indoor pool). The students have
pledged $1 million for the pool and
the University has been asked to
match the student pledge. A special downtown committee of interested businessmen and alumni
are believed to be ready to raise
another $1 million.
The breakdown of the new AMS
fee will be $20 for the building fund
(Student Union Building and pool),
$9 for the society's operating expenses and $5 for athletics. In addition to the allocation for extramurals, the AMS provides $7,000 for
administration of the intramural
athletic program — which attracts
participation from about 6,500 students, male and female, each year.
While it's true that UBC students
do not directly contribute as much
to athletics as do those at other
Canadian universities, they have
shown commendable initiative in
generating capital funds for sports
facilities over the years. UBC's
students provided substantial
financial support for construction of
the War Memorial Gym, the old
women's gym, the old stadium,
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre
and now are going to contribute to
an indoor pool.
Underlying the growing debate
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17 about athletics is the apparent feeling among students that they have
contributed as much as they can. If
the overall program is to improve,
many students and alumni believe
that the University must increase
its commitment — financial and
otherwise — to athletics.
"It has been 15 years since the
senate examined its policy toward
athletics," states senator Derek
Swain, an education student. "The
senate is unrealistic in this area,
lacking in moral commitment and
encouragement. The senate should
realize that a university curriculum
includes much more than mere
Although the University doesn't
directly match the students' contribution for annual operating expenditures, it will be providing
$180,118 overall to 1973-74 athletics. The most visible elements in
this are the $56,057 granted for
men's and women's extramurals
and a special $2,500 rowing grant.
The more "hidden" contributions
made by the University comprise:
$69,569 for coaching personnel
salaries; $43,380 for administrative
and technical personnel; $15,462 for
secretarial and clerical salaries;
$3,900 for expenses and supplies;
and $1,750 for travel (mileage) expenses.
Mickey McDowell, a former varsity hockey player who is now an
alumni representative to the men's
athletic committee, believes that
while the athletic program has been
handicapped by shortcomings, it
has at least been kept in perspective.
"As a freshman, I was one of the
strongest critics of the way athletics
were run at UBC," he said. "Now
in retrospect, I'm proud of the program. When you see how many people play at the varsity level on a
skimpy budget, you realize what a
miraculous job they're doing with
it. From a positive standpoint, it's a
good athletic philosophy. We're
(UBC) not in the athletic business;
we're not prostituting our school to
get people in buildings to make
money. UBC has never had an athletic scandal. The coaches aren't intent on winning at any cost. They're
not the Lombardi (Vince) or Imlach
(Punch) types who turn off their athletes by driving them to the point of
exhaustion and, subsequently,
complacency. They're good
character builders. They're educating students through athletics."
Still, the program could be
greatly improved with more resources. One of the big needs is for
more coaches. With more coaches
UBC could field more teams in several sports — as it is now many students have to participate with off-
campus teams.
UBC does not employ full-time
coaches for any of its sports, although many are top men in their
fields. Extramural coaching responsibilities are undertaken by
members of the faculty (school of
physical education) and non-
university people, who receive
token gratuities for their services.
"The system is entirely unfair to
the faculty members who coach,"
Swain maintains. "They devote
much more time to coaching than do
other members of the faculty in
other campus activities, and they
only have an adjusted teaching load
to compensate."
A more specific coaching program — in which the faculty
member's first commitment would
be to his particular sport — would
both strengthen and enhance the
overall program.
Which brings us to the nagging
question of athletic scholarships.
The question of whether to adopt
athletic scholarships — traditionally taboo at UBC — will likely receive some consideration by the
senate's committee on extracurricular activities. At present one or
two bursaries are available for UBC
students who excel in a sport and
maintain good academic standing*
The provincial and federal governments are now providing considerable financial assistance for bursaries and for travel to national
championships — but much more
support is needed if athletics are to
be helped on a day-to-day basis.
Athletic scholarships are likely to
remain taboo at UBC.
In any case, an improved overall
program — in the areas of coaching,
equipment, training and competitive opportunities and general support — would be inducement
enough for the better athletes. But
where is the money to come from to
change UBC's "Cinderella" image
in athletics? That is as much the key
question today as it was yesterday.
* These include: the John Owen Memorial
Bursaries, for outstanding student athletes;
the George Pringle Bursary for a third-year
student and the Grahame Budge Rugby
Bursary, rj
Arv Olson is a sports writer for the
Vancouver Sun. Will the oceans of the world dry up? It's not likely!
The oceans of the world total 139V4 million square
miles of water, so don't worry, they'll be wet for some
time to come.
Questions such as this and many other interesting,
factual and dramatic programmes about the sea and
all things marine are presented every Thursday night
at seven on your channel — CABLE 10, with Len
McCann and Joe Barrett. Pull up a chair with us and
dry up for awhile.
Thursday night at seven
A wholly-owned subsidiary of Premier Cablevision Limited.
19 •4j#*;'
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-Jk'-.^W-i'* . The Mighty Dirty Fraser
Coal Filtration Process Raises
Hope Of A Clean-up
Peter Ladner
The mighty Fraser River. High in
the Rockies near the Yellowhead
Pass it has its beginning in the
sparkling clear, cold streams that
tumble down out of the mountain
snows and glaciers. Together with
other tributaries they merge to form
one of British Columbia's great rivers, an 850-mile-long river of many
moods. It rushes through canyons,
boils over rocky rapids, swells and
flows gracefully through broad valleys. To British Columbia, it is a
river of history, a river of vital
economic importance, a river of unceasing beauty.
And it is a river in danger of being
With the sewage of communities
along its extent, and particularly
from Greater Vancouver's one million people, pouring into it daily, it's
surprising that the Fraser isn't already a dead river. It isn't — yet.
The threat posed by continued
dumping of oxygen-consuming organic wastes has been recognized
and a scramble is underway to establish primary and secondary sewage treatment plants before it is too
late. But there are even more
dangerous pollutants getting into
the river: copper, zinc, mercury,
cadmium, lead and chromium.
Heavy metals that, in sufficient
quantities, can have toxic effects.
From film-developing labs,
chromeplating shops, gasoline puddles on city streets, from wherever
these metals are rinsed down a
drain, they flow out into the Fraser.
No one is really sure of the exact
But  we're  pretty  sure  they're
mainly coming out of municipal
sewers, thanks to the work of Dr.
Tim Parsons of UBC's Institute of
Oceanography. Working last summer for UBC's Westwater Institute, Dr. Parsons found a high level
of heavy metals in the molluscs and
crabs at Sturgeon Bank at the
mouth of the Fraser — but not at
nearby Roberts Bank. Sturgeon
Bank levels were about 10 times
above normal, although still not
lethal. The only major difference
between the two locations is that
the Iona Island sewage treatment
plant flows out onto Sturgeon Bank.
Heavy metals are fairly recent
villains on the pollution scene.
Until the last few years, all river
pollution studies were concerned
with organic matter: oxygen-
demanding wastes and coliforms.
Only very recently, with more
sophisticated measuring techniques, have we even become aware
that heavy metals are getting into
our rivers. Researchers at Westwater confess they are amazed at how
little is known about water quality
in the Fraser; some of the metals
haven't even been monitored before.
We do know something about the
effects of heavy metals. People who
ate fish contaminated by mercury in
Japan's Minamata Bay suffered
from partial paralysis, distorted
sight, destroyed brain cells, weakness and exhaustion from nervous
spasms, and eventually death. The
effects are most devastating on organisms with highly developed
nervous systems, such as humans,
whereas an oyster, with a simple nervous system isn't as affected.
Heavy metals are also suspected of
causing cancer, especially in bone
tissues where they usually end up.
Dr. Parsons says it's "hard to
say" whether heavy metals have
reduced the migrant salmon population in the Fraser. But it may be
more than coincidence that salmon
no longer use the north arm of the
Fraser where the Iona Island sewage outfall is. And we know that if
heavy metals are present in
sufficient quantities they'll kill fish.
Present primary, secondary and
tertiary sewage treatment schemes
are all designed to take organic matter out of municipal effluent before
it is dumped into the sea. The only
known way to extract heavy metals
is a highly complex and expensive
ion-exchange process that is not
used at any of B.C.'s municipal
treatment centres.
But all this could be changed if
the work of two UBC professors —
agricultural engineering professor
Lionel Coulthard and engineering
professor Bill Oldham — in exploring coal filtration for sewage treatment continues to show such promising results.
Hat Creek, about 120 miles
northeast of Vancouver, between
Ashcroft and Lillooet, is the home
of a huge untapped supply of "impure" coal that White Rock inventor, Cy Jones, claims could be the
answer to many of our municipal
waste problems. He maintains that
by filtering sewage through a relatively inexpensive bed of Hat Creek
coal 95-97 per cent of the toxic
heavy metals in the sewage can be
Jones, a long-time advocate of
using coal for everything from
cleaning up oil spills to hardening
asphalt, thinks this could be "the
greatest single contribution in the
field of pollution control."
Research conducted by professors Coulthard and Oldham over
the past year confirms Cy Jones'
beliefs. Their reports, recently
completed, provide the first
"scientific" data to prove that Hat
Creek coal definitely does filter out
heavy metals.
Graduate student Murray Hen-
dren, working under Dr. Oldham's
guidance, got 95 per cent removal of
toxic heavy metals from his column
of coal. Working with a $5,000 grant
from the provincial government,
Dr. Coulthard found the coal would
22 remove 100 per cent of dissolved
cadmium and lead, and just slightly
less for copper and zinc. He's now
looking at chromium and mercury
before submitting his final report to
the government.
After this series of tests is over,
Prof. Coulthard wants to go one
step further and see if this coal
might even filter out phosphates,
nitrates and organic wastes. Dr.
Coulthard bases his hopes on the
chemicals in Hat Creek coal which
make it a poor burning coal but
which might make it better for picking up organic materials than the
coal used in an extensive study by
the Rand Development Corporation in Cleveland, Ohio.
The Rand report, a $2 million
study commissioned by the U.S.
Department of the Interior, using
coal from the eastern U.S., said
coal had definite potential for removing heavy metals, but was not
recommended for routine treatment
of raw sewage.
Murray Hendren's findings support the Rand report. "What we
have found indicates that coal treats
the organic matter in raw sewage
more by direct filtering than by
chemical action," Hendren explains. "You could expect to get almost the same results filtering raw
sewage through a load of sand. I'm
just as leery of it for treating raw
sewage as I am optimistic about it
for taking heavy metals out of
treated sewage. Still, it's not completely out of the question that coal
would work on organic matter.
We've only looked at lab studies,
and on a larger scale, these processes could work better.''
This recent upsurge of interest in
coal treatment at UBC and in the
provincial government puzzles
("embitters" might be a more appropriate word) Cy Jones. He's
been onto this for years, only he
hasn't had the backing of university
credentials and research grants.
"I've never at any time in my life
received a penny from government
grants, and looking into this process
has cost me several hundred
thousands of dollars, not including
salary. I spent all the money and
I've done all the work on it. All
Coulthard and Oldham are doing is
verifying my facts."
The UBC researchers sympathize with Jones. "In some ways, Cy
has had a bad deal," admits Bill
Oldham. "He was trying to flog this
Photographs/Vlad Keremidschieff
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llfefefefefekfefefeb idea six years ago when I was a
consulting engineer, but I told him
I'll never recommend coal for sewage treatment to my clients until
something's proven. Finally now
the government has put up some
money, and I think it's only logical
that it goes to UBC or the B.C.
Research Council, where the expertise is."
"They've got the expertise, but
I've got the ideas," retorts Jones.
Ideas he definitely has. Jones
holds 20 patents on coal use, including mixing coal dust with concrete
to make Pozzolan cement, which
was first used in the Port Mann
bridge and later in the Peace River
As far as Jones is concerned, his
coal treatment method is not only
proven but is "more effective, more
practical, and simpler than present
treatment methods and it's within
the reach of all countries and all
From what professors Oldham
and Coulthard have found, he's not
far wrong. Dr. Coulthard's preliminary estimates peg the cost of installing a coal bed at about one-eighth
the cost of equivalent treatment by
conventional methods, with a fraction of the maintenance costs. Hen-
dren says the coal regains about 30
per cent of its treatment capacity if
left under water after being used for
a while, although eventually its
treatment ability will diminish until
it has to be replaced.
Dr. Oldham's results so far have
stimulated the Pollution Control
Board to come through with a
$12,000 contract so he can study
five or six different B.C. coals to
see which one works best.
"There's certainly nothing
wrong with Hat Creek coal, but
there could be something better.
Cominco is going to send us three
types from the Crow's Nest area,
and we might try some Sukunka
coal. Now that we have found that
coal works for treating heavy metals, we have to look at what volumes are necessary, how we get the
coal into the treatment centres,
what we do with it afterwards."
After his year-long contract is
over, Dr. Oldham thinks the next
step would be a pilot project at a
sewage treatment plant. Prof. Coulthard is already monitoring sewage
passed through coal after primary
treatment at Iona Island, but that
equipment was set up by Cy Jones before the recent studies .
For the moment, Prof. Oldham
says the Pollution Control Branch,
which issues permits allowing
effluent discharge, simply wants to
know if it should issue permits for
coal beds.
One place they're probably wondering about is the Bursato meatpacking plant in Langley, where Cy
Jones has set up the only functioning coal bed in B.C. using Hat
Creek coal. It has been operating
for five years with the same coal
bed, and according to Jones' tests,
which some say are not very rigorous but which haven't been disproved, all the wastes are being
filtered out or broken down enough
to meet current pollution control
A coal bed is also being incorporated into the new waste disposal
plant being designed by Dr. Coulthard for the UBC barns. If the
B.C. government comes through
with the $85,000 necessary to build
the plant, the highly-concentrated
farm wastes will get secondary-
level treatment in a large vat, and an
aeration ditch, and finally pass
through a coal bed for finishing.
The municipality of Delta also
has its eye on coal as a cheap solution to its sewage treatment problem. They're now considering Cy
Jones' latest scheme of dropping
coal into the sewage lines at various
points throughout the system, so
treatment will start while the sewage is still in the lines, which is
sometimes up to half a day.
No one is quite sure how coal
could best be used to keep heavy
metals out of the Fraser. If they
can't be kept out of municipal sewage systems altogether, treating
metals where they come in might be
the answer. Of course, a lot will
depend on where the metals are
coming from, something the
Westwater Institute plans to find
out soon. If they're coming from a
few polluters, coal beds could be
put at each place of pollution. The
metals are easier to isolate and treat
here because they are in high concentrations. If, as is suspected,
small amounts are coming from
many places, then centralized
treatment would be cheaper and
more efficient.
But one problem with adding coal
to existing secondary level treat
ment centres is that heavy metals
coming into the centres in sufficient
concentrations can kill the bacteria
used in the secondary treatment
process. This has been happening in
Richmond's new Gilbert Road
Discovering that coal works in
filtering heavy metals out of effluent
is obviously just a first step, even if
a crucial one. The next step,
clearly, is to find some means of
integrating this system with present
treatment plans so as to ensure that
the quality of the Fraser River
water does not further decline, but
rather improves.
It is important that the situation
be corrected before the Fraser becomes an open sewer like so many
of the world's great rivers have become. It is important not only because the Fraser is a great salmon-
producing river, but because its
flow empties into southwestern
British Columbia's marine playground— the Gulf of Georgia.
There's a great deal at stake for all
of us. □
Peter Ladner, a former Ubyssey
reporter, is studying park planning
at UBC. Too Many Writers With
Too Little To Say
Conversations with
Canadian Novelists
by Donald Cameron
Macmillan, Toronto
cloth $11.95; paper in two
volumes, $3.95 each
Among the flotsam and jetsam I
carry around in my cerebrum
there's the image of a particularly
memorable New Yorker cartoon.
Two snooty rich kids are sitting at a
table in a classy restaurant and,
while the maitre d' hovers, one of
them savours the soup like a connoisseur of fine wine. Then he says:
"It's an interesting soup, but not a
great soup."
Well, that's how I feel about
Donald Cameron's Conversations
with Canadian Novelists. It's an interesting book, but not a great
book... No, on second thought,
make that a moderately interesting
book. It's the sort of thing that
should be sold in one paperback for
a dollar — not two at $3.95 each.
And I can't imagine any normal
person — other than Cameron's
mother — actually forking over
$11.95 for the hardbound issue.
Now, it's true that the lack of
spark to this book may have something to do with the personalities of
the 20 novelists interviewed. As the
earthy Ernest Buckler tells Cameron: "Writers, by and large, are the
dreariest people you can possibly
know, because they are just stuffed
with words, like dry-bread dressing
up a Christmas Eve goose's ass."
But I don't really think that's the
explanation, because it's evident
many of these writers are far from
being dreary people.
The basic problem is that the idea
behind the book was not well
thought out — let alone carried out.
Cameron has obviously (you have
to deduce this since he gives no hint
of his aim in the introduction) set
out to do for Canadian literature
what the Paris Review did for
American and European literature
with its excellent Writers at Work
series. But there is an evenness, a
fullness, a richness to the Writers at
Work interviews that is lacking in
Cameron's book. This is undoubtedly because, in Writers at Work,
the writers interviewed are all very
distinguished people, they were interviewed by a variety of qualified
people rather than one would-be
omniscient interviewer and
sufficient time and space was devoted to allow these writers to
really develop their ideas.
Cameron does not seem to have
any solid criterion as to who should
be included and who should not. It
would appear, from this book, that a
Canadian novelist is someone
Donald Cameron has talked to.
Brian Moore, for example, is not a
Canadian novelist and never has
been. George Bowering will surely
admit that he's not — despite
Mirror on the Floor — a novelist;
he's a poet. It's still an open question whether David Lewis Stein is a
novelist or a journalist. And why
include ad-man Martin Myers, author of one novel? He's boring and
so are the fatuous comments of
Timothy Findley (wouldn't you
know it: he did the "Jalna" scripts
for CBC).
There are some curious omissions too. Where are the conversations with Hugh Hood and Hugh
Garner, neither of whom are lightweights? The comments of Roch
Carrier about the literary, political
and cultural scene in Quebec were
very revealing, but personally I
would also have liked to have heard
from Hubert Aquin. With only Carrier and Gabrielle Roy interviewed,
French Canadian literature is much
under-represented here.
The point is that there is a frustrating quality to this book. You
learn too much about minor writers
who (so far, at least) have little to
say, and you learn too little about
the major figures who have a good
deal to say that is worth listening to.
Cameron would have produced a
much more valuable book had he
concentrated on fewer novelists —
just the major figures — and devoted more space to each.
As it is, there seems to be a truncated quality to the good interviews
contained in this book. This is certainly true in the case of Morley
Callaghan, a writer whose ideas are
invariably interesting. You sense
that he has so much more to contribute in comments about his style,
his moral vision, about Canada and
about literature in general — but
there's not enough time, not enough
space for a longer interview. Some
of the space devoted to the minor
writers could more profitably have
been devoted to a longer discussion
with Callaghan, one of our great
writers. It's another reflection, it
seems, of the accuracy of
Callaghan's comments on Canadian attitudes toward excellence:
"This country has some kind of an
ingrown hatred of excellence. The
way to being ignored in this country
is to seek and crave and love excellence."
But the book is in large measure
saved by Cameron's interview with
Robertson Davies, who is not only
one of the greatest novelists Canada
has produced, but who also
emerges as a most engaging personality. It's a wide-ranging discussion
which explores Davies' interest in
the Canadian cultural tradition, his
fascination with Freudian and Jun-
gian psychology, his humour and
the religious (in the broad sense)
quality in his work. It was a deep
and fascinating conversation and
had they all been like this the book would have been an unqualified
A writer and critic, Dr. Donald
Cameron, BA'60, MA(Berkeley),
PhD (Univ. of London), teaches
English at the University of New
Lost In A Billowing
Cloud of Words
Canadian Defence Priorities:
A Question of Relevance
by Colin S. Gray
Clarke, Irwin, Toronto, $9.50
If one were to ask Canadians which
public issues were of greatest concern to them, it is unlikely that
many would express a great deal of
interest in defence policy. The
reason is obvious. Runaway
inflation, chronic unemployment
and inadequate housing are immediate problems affecting the lives
of many citizens. On the other
hand, there is no threat of war to
stimulate a preoccupation with
matters military. There is also the
obstacle that the question of national defence in the nuclear age is
rife with complexities and abstruse
to the point of requiring a far greater
effort at understanding than most
individuals are prepared to make.
The author of this book, who is a
visiting associate professor of political science at UBC, has perceived
the need to perform an "education
and information" function which
would show "how defence policy
may be of service to Canadians."
At the outset of this study, the
author poses two questions that
serve as the loom upon which he
weaves the threads of his narrative.
The questions are: "Why a Canadian defence policy?" and, "How
should one think about Canadian
defence policy in the 1970s?" This
book is, in the author's view, the
first attempt since 1940 to examine
the contemporary problems of
Canadian defence policy without
polemic and partisanship. However, very early on he questions the
conventional wisdom, which he
calls the Great Verity, that defence
policy is the slavishly obeisant servant of foreign policy. To the extent
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25% to 75% Off on 250,000 New Books
Fiction, non-fiction, best-sellers, classics, art books, cookbooks,
children's books, foreign language books, basic texts, reference
works, hardcovers, paperbacks — just cbout everything ever
printed. A great opportunity to fill your cwn book shelves and
shop for Christmas presents, as well. On sale from Nov 19 to
Dec. 1, at Brock Hall, University of British Columbia 9 a.m. -
9 p.m., Monday - Friday; 9 a.m. - 5 p.m., Saturday. Direction signs on Chancellor Boulevard,
University Boulevard and Marine Drive.
PHONE 228-4741
27 that there is a certain amount of revisionism in this stance, it follows
that some degree of polemicism is
inescapable. But this is a minor
issue and need not concern us unduly.
In discussing the "why" of
Canadian defence policy, Gray
naturally begins with the geographical and historical setting which
governs where Canadians have
been and where they are now.
Against this context is weighed the
White Paper on Defence: Defence
in the 70's, which is the latest comprehensive enunciation of official
thinking. The main thrust of this
document is to alter the situation
whereby Canada's defence funds
are heavily committed to the support of Cold War alliances. The
most important priorities remain
the need to protect the nation from
external attack and to maintain its
independence. Plaguing the execution of these quintessential
priorities is the paradoxical fact that
Canada's forces are powerless to
perform successfully their most
crucial assignment. More emphasis
is to be placed on domestic roles,
and Gray identifies four principal
areas where national development
can be promoted by Canada's
armed forces: cultural and linguistic
harmony; northern development;
assistance to civil authorities; national identity.
This is a perplexing book for,
while it contains a wealth of information on military matters, one
cannot escape feeling that it is
necessary to work far too hard to
derive any sense from it, and even
at that, the labour is not always productive. For example, with regard
to the national development function mentioned above, the author
applauds the "sensible redirection
of attention to those domestic missions" and the movement of policy
"in the correct domestic direction." At another point, the following statement is made: "If it were
ever to seem that the major services
provided by the Canadian Armed
Forces for Canada were in the
somewhat amorphous region of national development, then the time
would be long overdue for a serious
questioning of the utility of maintaining armed forces at all." These
positions would not necessarily be
inconsistent were it not for the fact
that Gray has expressed the opinion
that Canada's forces could not protect the nation in the event of attack
by the likeliest external source.
This being the case, the national
development role becomes the
major service by default.
The very first sentence in Professor Gray's text is: "There is nothing esoteric about defence."
What follows seems to establish the
contrary. The author has underestimated the distance between his
own understanding and appreciation of the subject and that of his
potential readers. He has admitted
that "clarity, definition and impact" have not been an overriding
concern, and they should be if a
presentation which intends to be
educational and informative is to be
effective. Grappling with this book
brings to mind Ludwig Lewisohn's
comment on the writing of Henry
James, who "hid himself ever more
and more in the folds and swathings
and integuments of a hieratic manner and a billowing cloud of
words." □
Nick Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, is
head of acquisitions at the UBC library.
All the Hudson's Bay brands you've been
missing are back on the shelves.
Sony for the drought.
Hudson's Bay Royal Charter 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay Fine Old 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay F.O.B. 25 oz., 12 oz.
Hudson's Bay Special 25 oz., 12 oz.
(New. At a welcome price)
Hudson's Bay Treasure Island White 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay Demerara (imported) 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay London Dry 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay Vodka 25 oz.
Hudson's Bay 1670 (all-malt blend)    262/3 oz.
Hudson's Bay Best Procurable 25 oz.
li>uteotfsl5a}j Compantj   Ingxxlspiriissince 1670.
Vital BBC role overlooked
in Open University articles
As this is the first time I have written to the
Chronicle I want, first, to thank you for sending me copies and thus for keeping me in
touch with life at UBC. Though I am writing
in my personal capacity as a graduate (Arts
'47), I have been moved to do so because
your last two issues refer to work in which I
have shared since the beginning of 1970,
when I joined the BBC's Open University
Production Unit as the Senior Producer
(Radio) for the Faculty of Educational
Studies, Open University.
I have read the articles by Peter Wilby and
John Ellis in the Spring issue very carefully. I
have read the report of Norman
MacKenzie's visit in the summer issue
equally carefully. I have been astonished to
discover that in not one of the pieces is there
even a three letter reference to the role of the
BBC in the development and continuing operation of the Open University. As it seems
that there is a growing interest in British Columbia in the possibility of adapting the OU
concept to meet educational needs there
which are similar, at least in part, to those
met by the OU in Britain, I think that this
omission of reference to the BBC is rather a
serious matter.
In this venture, which Norman MacKenzie has referred to as "education's armored
division of the future", the BBC and the OU
have been equal partners. I am sure that my
academic associates at Walton Hall would be
the first to agree that cooperation with the
BBC was vital at the early stages, not only
because of the facilities which the corporation could put at their disposal, but also because of the range of experience and expertise which stood behind these facilities. But
the OU valued our role in the partnership not
just during infancy. Quite recently both partners have expressed the wish to have the
partnership continue. This wish was made
manifest to the whole nation last month on
the occasion of the OU's first graduation
ceremony, which was given coverage by
BBC television in an outside broadcast lasting nearly three hours.
By the end of this summer I shall have
been away from British Columbia for 25
years; but I still have strong interests in my
native province of Canada. I should therefore like to feel that, before embarking on an
OU type operation, British Columbia
educationists are fully aware of the nature
and dimensions of the "armored division"
which they would be attempting to follow. If
UBC and perhaps the other, newer British
Columbia universities were to combine to
provide the academic components of this
type of system, from where would they obtain the components which in Britain have
been provided by the BBC? Perhaps an
alumnus working with the CBC might care to
add to this correspondence?
Donald Holms
Canterbury, Kent
following services —
Registrar and Transfer Agent
Executor and Trustee
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Mortgage Financing
Investment Management and Safe Keeping
Lawyer's Trust Accounts
Savings and Chequing Accounts
Term Deposits
A complete financial
service organization,
Offices at:
900 W. Pender St.
590 W. Pender St.
2996 Granville at 14th
130 E. Pender St.
737 Fort St., Victoria
Honorary President: Walter H. Gage,
BA '25, MA '26, LLD '58.
President: George Morfitt, BCom'58;
Past President: Mrs. Beverly Field,
BA'42; 1st Vice-President, Charles
Campbell, BA'71; 2nd Vice-President,
Kenneth L. Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58;
3rd Vice-President: James Denholme,
BASc'56; Treasurer: R. Bernie Treasurer BCom'58.
Members-at-large 1972-74
Mrs. Barbara Milroy, BHE'51; MrsJBel
Nemetz, BA'35; Peter Uitdenbosch,
Members-at-large 1973-74
Greg Bowden, LLB'70; Mrs. Margaret
Burke, BA'64, BLS'65; Frederick G.
Culbert, BASc'64; Robert W. Johnson,
BA'63, LLB'67; Dr. Skip Peerless,
MD'61; Robert S. Tait, BSA'48; Harry
White, BASc'63.
Members-at-large 1973-75
William Baker, BSP'50; Donald J. Currie, BCom'61; David Dale-Johnson,
BA'69; Dr. Ed Fukushima, DMD'69;
David Grahame, BA'69; Charles Hulton, BSc'70; Mrs. Helen McCrae,
MSW'49; Donald MacKay, BA*557Mrs.
Mary Wellwood, BA'51; Mrs. Elizabeth
Wilmot, BSR'66.
Representative of Alma Mater Society
Treasurer and Acting General Manager:
John Wilson.
Ex-Officio Members
John Conroy, BPE'68, LLB'71; Robert
Dundas, BASc'48; Paul Hazell, BCom
'60; Brent Kenny, LLB'56; John Parks,
BCom'70, LLB'71; Dr. Erich Vogt.
Representatives of Faculty Association
Dr. Ian Ross, Dr. Mark Thompson
Representatives to Senate
Mrs. Beverly. Field, BA'42; T. Barrie
Lindsay, BCom'58; Frank C. Walden,
Graphic examples of Chronicle Squash (see Reunion Days news below).
Suggestions Invited
For Presidential
Who would you like to see as the next president of the University of B.C.?
The University's advisory committee for
the recommendation of presidential candidates to the board of governors has invited all
members of the university community — faculty, students, staff and alumni — to suggest
names of prospective candidates. The committee intends to advertise the position
President Walter Gage announced early
this summer his intention to resign as president as of June 30, 1975.
In a letter inviting suggestions of possible
candidates, Mrs. Beverley Lecky, chairman
of the advisory committee, said: "In submitting names of persons whom you consider to
be suitable candidates for the position of
president of UBC, it is important that you
provide the committee with as much personal and academic biographical information
as possible, and with your reasons for proposing each name. It will assist the committee if you can give an indication that someone you name is available for consideration
as a potential candidate.
"Whether or not you propose candidates,
the committee would like your views on the
attributes you would consider desirable for
the next president of this university to possess. In addition, the committee would welcome expressions of opinions concerning the
crucial issues likely to affect the scope and
nature of the office of president in the years
All replies will be treated in confidence.
Although no deadline has been set, the com
mittee says it would be helpful if it received
suggestions by Oct. 25, 1973. Letters should
be addressed to: Mrs. Beverley Lecky,
Room 107, Main Mall North Administration
Building, University of British Columbia,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
UBC Nostalgia Time:
Reunion Days '73
The thlunk of a well-hit squash ball and the
clink of ice cubes — the sounds of Reunion
Days, 1973 edition.
The Class of '23 got an early start on Reunion Days this year. An active committee
headed by J.V. Clyne (with members, Annie
Angus, Aubrey Roberts, E.C. Wilkinson,
Gordon Landon and Mike Gregg) arranged a
golden anniversary reunion weekend early in
September. Over 100 classmates and guests
from at least three provinces and three states
attended the anniversary dinner at the UBC
Faculty Club. Other events on their program
included a campus tour, a coffee party hosted
by Prof, and Mrs. Henry Angus and a buffet
dinner at the home of the Hon. and Mrs. J.V.
The major activities of Reunion Days are
scheduled for October 19-20. The Classes of
'28, '33, "38, '43, '48, '53, '58 and '63 are
gathering, along with faculty parties (for
electrical engineering '48; commerce and engineering '53; commerce, engineering, forestry, law, pharmacy and medicine '58; commerce, engineering, nursing, law and physical education '63) at the Faculty Club,
Koerner Graduate Centre and International
House for dinner, dancing and conversation.
Athletic notes.... The Second Annual
Chronicle Squash Tournament and Bunfeed
takes place under the Reunion Days banner,
30 Saturday, October 13 at the UBC Winter
Sports Centre. It's all in fun (for unranked
players) and the number of entries is limited.
Early registration at the alumni office is advised (there is a nominal fee).... Reunion
Days Golf — tournaments for men and
women, coordinated by Marty Zlotnik and
Eleanor Crawford are played on local
courses during October. The emphasis is on
enjoyment with lots of food and prizes. To
join the fun register with the alumni office,
Courses For Women
Set For Cecil Green
The Centre for Continuing Education is offering two programs in self-development for
women at Cecil Green Park this fall.
The first program, Developing Personal
Potential I, will be held 9:30 - 11:30 a.m. on
six Tuesdays from Sept. 25 to Oct. 30. The
class is limited and the fee is $25.
The centre describes the programs as "a
workshop for women who are seeking a
clearer sense of selfhood and more energy for
creative and experiential ventures, whether
in human relationships or in work.'' Through
small group work and selected activities participants will be assisted in self-directed
Developing Personal Potential II is the
title of the second program. It will run from
9:30 a.m. -2:30 p.m. in Cecil Green Park on
Nov. 5, 7, 8, and 13. The class is limited and
the fee is $30.
This is a course for women who have taken
Developing Personal Potential courses previously and who have given considerable
thought to questions of identity, interpersonal skills and new roles. The series is designed to deepen confidence in ability to
grow and act upon chosen goals. Participants
will deal with relating and confronting in
conflict situations; living and learning with
men; and developing skills of a helping relationship.
The programs are being offered in cooperation with the UBC Alumni Association.
For further information, contact the Centre
for Continuing Education, University of
B.C., Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-2181).
Fraser Valley
Programs Need Active
Help Wanted: alumni in the Fraser Valley to
assist in local alumni projects. That would be
one way to let alumni know that the Fraser
Valley Committee needs representatives
from the valley communities. Chairman,
John Conroy, hopes to organize a committee
representing the many communities of the
area. Committee program plans emphasize
alumni participation in events with valley-
wide significance — such as university
speakers sponsored by the committee.
If you'd like to be a part of these new
directions for Fraser Valley alumni contact
John Conroy, 859-7184 in Mission or the
alumni office, 228-3313.
The introductory vacation bargain of the UBC
Alumni Association Travel Program
Absolutely a great deal for less!
Hawaiian vacation packages at bargain rates —
reduced even further for Alumni members and
their families!
* Frequent Departures
* 747 Jet Flights by regular airlines
* Good Hotels
* No hidden extras -just honest value for
PLUS    *    PLUS
Great reductions for children. — U-Drive and
Breakfast every day on Maui
Send for full details now — then compare the
value in your Alumni Travel Program to Hawaii
this winter.
Call or Write
UBC Alumni Association
6251 N.W. Marine Drive
Vancouver 8, B.C.
31 Scholarship To Honour
Prof. Frank Forward
A scholarship fund has been established to
commemorate the contributions of the late
Prof. Frank Arthur Forward to UBC and to
the field of metallurgy. It is intended that the
Frank A. Forward Memorial Scholarship
Fund will provide $500 scholarships to metallurgical engineering undergraduates, the
number awarded annually to be dependent
on the ultimate size of the fund.
"As a UBC faculty member and department head for mining and metallurgy, and
later the department of metallurgy, Frank
Forward was responsible for modernizing
the curriculum and for gathering together a
competent staff to establish an outstanding
school of metallurgy," said memorial fund
chairman Harold M. Wright in a letter to
graduates and associates of Prof. Forward.
"Graduates in metallurgy from UBC, at all
degree levels, have earned reputations
throughout the world community."
A graduate in applied science from the
University of Toronto, Frank Forward participated in important inventions leading to
new process technologies in recovering metals from their ores. For his technical prowess, he received a number of the world's
important awards associated with engineering and technology and an honorary doctor of
science degree from UBC in  1965.  Prof.
Frank Forward
Forward was instrumental in the establishment of the Science Secretariat which eventually led to the formation of the Science
Council of Canada. He served as research
administration consultant to UBC from 1967
until his death on Aug. 6. 1972.
Donations to the Frank A. Forward
Memorial Scholarship Fund may be sent to
the UBC Alumni Fund office, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.
New Programs To
Enrich Your Lives
Ever concerned that you lead full and enriched lives, your alumni association is offering you two new programs and the continuation of a now-traditional program. First the
new programs.
Alumni Concerts. A new series of vocal
and instrumental performances by music
students and faculty in the UBC music building recital hall. The cost is $8 for five evening
concerts on Oct. 18, 25, Nov. 1, 8, with the
date of the faculty concert yet to be announced.
Winter in Hawaii. A bargain travel program for alumni and their families to Maui and
the Hawaiian Islands. It features frequent
departures of 747 jet flights by regular airlines, good hotels and reductions for children.
Young Alumni Club is the traditional program that is swinging into an active fall
schedule. This informal pub, or "non-club",
meets every Thursday evening, 8 p.m. -
12:30 a.m. and every Friday evening, 4 p.m.-
1 a.m. (with live band) from Sept. 14 to Dec.
14. Membership to senior students and
alumni is $4.
For information on any of these programs,
call or write: U BC Alumni Association, 6251
N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Come to where the INTEREST is!
Term Deposits
OF $500
Prior withdrawal permitted at the SHORT
TERM DEPOSIT rates shown on the right.
90 -179
270 - 364
Owing to the unprecedented fluctuations in the money market these
rates are subject to rapid change.   However. VanCity is constantly
keeping   them   under   review  so   that  members   can   be  assured  ot
always obtaining  competitive rates.
The Provincial Share and Deposit Guarantee
Fund protects the shares and deposits of
all individuals in every credit union in British
For more information call 736-9166 or write P.O. Box 33979, Vancouver 9, B.C.
Six offices in Vancouver, West Vancouver and North Burnaby
Hours of business 9 a.m. - 5 p.m. — Fri. 9 a.m. - 6 p.m. Sat. 9 a.m. -1 p.m. Closed Monday
ovJtoed by the people it serves
32 30FDDJ
Leona Doduk
Leona Pearl Doduk has come about as close
as anyone in the alumni association office
ever will to becoming a member of the jet set.
There was, for example, the memorable
week in November last year: one day Leona
found herself freezing in wintry Winnipeg,
then roasting in balmy Los Angeles and
finally getting soaked in the drizzle of Castlegar. Or there was the occasion when she
had to get from New York to Penticton in
one day. And if you don't think that isn't a
neat trick, try it sometime.
Leona, is the alumni branches field secretary — and that means travel. Weeks of hectic
travel each fall and spring as she zips around
B.C., Canada and parts of the U.S. bringing
speakers from UBC (last year President
Walter Gage, President Emeritus Norman
MacKenzie, Chancellor Nathan Nemetz
and sex education expert Dr. George Szasz
to name a few) to keep alumni branches in
contact with UBC — and helping informal
social functions run smoothly.
She admits the "schedule is a bit tight at
times" — which seems to be an understatement. On that occasion last spring, for example, when she flew from New York to
Penticton in one day, on the following day
she joined the Wally Wagon contingent for a
three-week drive throughout B.C. But after
almost two years on the job — she worked as
a personnel consultant with an employment
agency after graduating with a BA in
psychology in 1971 — the travel has not yet
got to Leona. Far from it. She says still has to
establish an alumni branch somewhere warm
and exotic. Doubtless for winter meetings.
But in any case, branches activities have
increased by about 50 per cent in the past two
years. Alumni have formed new branches in
Newfoundland, Nova Scotia, Prince Rupert
and in Singapore. "I think the growth can be
attributed," she says, "to the interest shown
by the executive and board of management
and also to the fact that we've had a very
keen and hard-working branches committee
and to some very talented and creative staff
members.'' In addition to those already mentioned, there are branches all over B.C., in
major cities elsewhere in Canada, in five
U.S. cities and in England and Scotland.
Leona doesn't spend all her time jetting
around the country; she also serves as staff
liaison with the alumni awards and scholarships committee and the student affairs
committee. The awards and scholarships
committee annually reviews the terms of reference of alumni scholarships and bursaries
and recommends additions as needed. It also
nominates candidates for the Alumni Award
of Merit and the Honorary Life Membership. Leona reminds alumni that suggestions
are always welcome. "I personally am very
keen on having more names of prominent
women suggested."
In the student affairs committee, Leona's
responsibilities involve assisting in the organization of an annual student-alumni-
faculty dinner at which views on curriculum
are exchanged, and in supervising operation
of the student tutorial centre. Last year the
student tutorial centre involved 300 students
and tutors in a much-needed campus service.
She hopes that in the coming year much more
will be done in the area of student affairs.
Whether working in her uniquely-
decorated Cecil Green Park office or travelling to branch meetings, it's a busy life for
Vancouver-born Leona Doduk. But she unwinds by skiing, sailing, or occasional
ing the flute or piano. And just,
has taken up yoga, practisit
hours. Why? "I've alwaUMi|ISB"To learn
how to stand on my heaaJTwe never heejQ|
able to do that sort of thinlftj^ SEP•■
(This is part of an irregular series of profiles
of alumni headquarters staff.) □
A new series of quality
music performances by
students and faculty of the
UBC Department of
The concert programs are
varied, with vocal and
performances by selected
students. One evening is
devoted to a special
faculty recital.
Thursday evenings at 8 pm
In the Recital Hall, Music
UBC Campus
October 18, 25
November 1, 8
(Faculty concert date to be
Subscription series tickets
of $8*, for all five
concerts, assure you a
reserved seat. Call or write
the Alumni Office, 6251
N.W. Marine Dr.
Vancouver, B.C.
(228-3313) for your tickets
and further information
•Revenue from the subscription
series tickets will be used to benefit
the UBC Alumni music student
honorarium program.
QHtf-jM o»wx
33 wnnu
A summer visitor to the alumni office was
D. Hollis Osborne, BA'21. Since his retirement from law practice he has done a lot of
travelling and was on his way to Victoria
after a brief visit to Vancouver. . . . The
Geological Association of Canada's highest
award, the Logan medal, for 1973, was
awarded to Clifford H. Stockwell, BASc'24,
(PhD, Wisconsin). In his almost career-long
association with the Geological Survey of
Canada he has worked extensively in the
Precambrian Shield — leading to his recognition as an international expert on these, the
world's oldest rocks. He officially retired in
1967 but continues to work in his survey
office preparing maps and reports.
When Brock University in Ontario was
founded ten years ago James A. Gibson, BA
'31, (BA, BLitt, MA, PhD, Oxford) was
named as president. In July the university
honored him with the title of president emeritus for his contribution to the growth of
Brock. He retires from active university life,
after 37 years, next June and will be spending
the coming year working on university development programs and special projects to
commemorate the university's tenth birthday. . . . Guy Glover, BA'31, is director of
English programming with the National Film
Board in Montreal.
UBC's first director of elementary teacher
education, F. Henry Johnson, BA'32, MA
'35, (PhD, Toronto), and professor of the
history of education, retired in July. In his
17 years as director he has "seen over 5,000
of my students graduate with a bachelor of
education degree in elementary education.
Moreover we have succeeded in establishing
a degree as the minimum requirement for
elementary teaching." Dr. Johnson is the
author of three books, the most recent being
John Jessop, Gold Seeker & Educator, the
story of B.C.'s first superintendent of education. . . . An official end came to a 47-year
career in education when Robert F. Sharp,
BA'32, (DPaed, Toronto), retired as superintendent of the Vancouver schools, a post
he held for 19 years. An active participant in
national and international education work,
he plans to continue as a member of the professional advisory committee to the Bremer
commission on education in B.C. . . .
Travels to Florida and Europe are ahead for
Samuel Maclean, BA'33, (MBA, Texas) and
his wife, Mary. He retired in July from the
federal civil service, where for the past six
years, he was director of economics and
accounting (Air), of the Canadian Transport
Commission. Previously, he was for many
years chief economist (Air), of the ministry
of transport.
Inger Hansen
If it is true, as Churchill said, that the
level of civilization of a country can be
determined by an examination of the state
of its prisons, then Canada may well be
on its way to a higher plane of civilization.
In the past few years there has been a
great deal of activity in the area of prison
reform — some of it not without opposition. One of the more recent moves in this
direction is the appointment of Inger
Hansen, LLB '60, as Canada's first correctional investigator — popularly known
as the prisoner's ombudsman.
Her role is definitely a pioneering one
for this country. And she welcomes "the
challenge to do something constructive"
for the penal system. She may well be unique, in that, while some provinces and
countries have ombudsmen to deal with
citizen's complaints and some U.S.
states have prison inspectors, she is solely concerned with the inmates of federal
correctional institutions, and is there to
investigate and report on complaints.
As an investigator she will have to be a
part-time diplomat. She expects that in
the majority of cases her main function
will be to draw attention to problems that
come to light, and work between the parties to suggest adjustments where these
are warranted. One specific area is the
interpretation of sentences. Only in cases
where all efforts were blocked would she
go to the minister "as a last resort. But I
don't think that will happen too often."
Accessibility is important, Miss Hansen said. She will be visiting all federal
prisons on a regular basis. All an inmate
has to do is request an interview. But
"they may ignore me", she said. Families and friends are free to call on her and
she is able to investigate inquiries and
grievances from any source.
The terms of reference limit investigations to matters under the jurisdiction of
the solicitor-general, meaning provincial
prisoners are excluded. Also excluded
are applications for parole and sentencing. Before going to her, prisoners are ex
pected to have used all available means of
resolving their grievances such as prisoner's committees and legal processes, if
In most matters she expects negotiation will be the answer but in more serious
cases, such as alleged brutality by guards,
she might decide to call more formal hearings with both sides represented by
counsel. Riots and major disturbances
would be handled by full-scale investigation commissions.
Many of these prison problems are
caused by tension and Miss Hansen
"hopes to be able to diffuse some of the
tension" that comes from the closed environment. "You've been in hospital.
You know all the complaints you have as
you lie there and can't leave."
She'll make an annual report on her
work to the solicitor-general, which will
be tabled in Parliament. Recommendations made in the report conceivably
might make their way to departmental
policy that will have a lasting effect on the
lives of Canada's prisoners.
Curiosity about Canada brought Miss
Hansen here from Denmark in 1950.
More curiosity and an interest in people
led her into law. There weren't too many
women at UBC's law school then —
three out of the graduating class of 63.
She's pleased to see more women entering the profession today — "it's a fine
career for women. I've never been hindered in advancement — as a matter of
fact I've been helped by my male colleagues."
After considerable criminal law experience in Vancouver she moved to Ottawa
in 1969 to join the justice department
where she did research into juvenile delinquency.
With all the travelling and talking she's
going to be doing, there will be little time
left over for her favorite hobby — horseback riding. By preference she likes the
"wide open spaces of the Cariboo —
rather than the East where it is either too
hot, too humid, too cold or too wet to
ride." Now if we just had a grievance
committee at the weather office. They say there were some tall tales told
when three old friends from the Big Block
club of 1941-42 met in Sydney, Australia last
spring — their first reunion in 30 years.
Harry Horne, BCom'42, Canadian trade
commissioner in Sydney was host to A.M.
(Brud) Matheson, Arts'41 and Alan Gardner,
Andrew J. Carmichael, BCom'44, LLB
'48, is one of the newer members of the provincial court bench in Vancouver. . . .
B.C.'s new land commission is headed by
William T. Lane, BA'44, BCom'47, LLB'48,
former municipal solicitor for Richmond.
Other members of the committee are UBC
agrologist, Vernon C. Brink, BSA'34, MSA
'36, (PhD, Wisconsin), Mary Rawson, BA
'49, MA'52, (MRP, North Carolina), a
Vancouver planner and Ted Barsby, a former Nanaimo alderman. General manager
for the commission is Gary Runka, BSA'61,
(MA, Cornell).
The Canadian Studies Centre, the only
one of its kind in the States, at Johns Hopkins School of Advanced International
Studies, has a new director — H.E. (Ted)
English, BA'45, (PhD, California). During
his three-year stay as director he will be
Professor of Canadian Studies. The centre
was funded by the Donner Foundations of
Canada and the U.S. to encourage Canadian
studies in the States and promote better relations between the two countries.
In the past ten years pulp and paper has become a big industry in New Zealand and
Cyril J. White, BA'45, BCom'45, has been
part of that expansion. As an instructor in the
New Zealand department of education program to provide certified personnel for the
industry, he is responsible for the preparation of courses leading to trades certification
in pulp and paper . . . Stuart B. Smith, BA
'49, MA'53, (PhD, Alberta), is chairman of
the research secretariat, Alberta department
of the environment. The secretariat will be
coordinating environmental research and
providing an interdisciplinary approach to
research problems.
J. Alan Beesley, BA'49, LLB'50, director
general, bureau of legal and consular affairs
and a legal advisor in the department of external affairs was a guest speaker at a United
Nations seminar held late August in Brandon, Man. The theme was, "The Sea, The
Skies and The United Nations" — one
which he is well equipped to speak on, as the
author of several books on the sea and a for-
James Gibson
mer Canadian representative to the  legal
committee of the UN outer space committee
A. Donald Hoskins, BA'50, BASc'51,
MASc'56, is Shell Canada's new coordinator of environmental control. . . . Alexa
Cameron,   BSA'51,  assistant professor of
A Postie's Lot
IS Not    Specially, when he brings the
A Uonnu        Alumni Records Department
M nappy       bggs Qf A|umni 'Unknowns'..
Ol16 ... So if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style ... let us know — and bring a little
lightness to a postie's walk, (enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful)
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park, UBC
Vancouver 8, BC
(Maiden Name)
(Married women please note your husband's full
name and indicate title i.e. Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Class Year
35 Ted English
Bible and Christian education and dean of
women at Union Biblical Seminary in central
India, recently completed her doctorate at
New York University. . . . County court
judge, Albert Mackoff, LLB'51, is now a
member of the B.C. supreme court. His replacement on the county court is Henry
Hutcheon, LLB'50, a Vancouver lawyer.
Memory Elvin-Lewis, BA'52, (MSc,
Penn., Baylor), (PhD, Leeds), associate professor and chairman of microbiology at
Washington University school of dentistry
is the first female to be elected president of
the microbiology section of the American
Association of Dental Schools. She has
recently been working on a research project with the university's medical school on
the relationship of a virus-like bacteria,
Chlamydia, to ocular, arthritic, venereal and
lymphatic diseases. . . . Robert Paul, BASc
'52, has been elected president of Canadian
Bechtel. James W. Killeen, BA'54, MEd'62,
is now in Ottawa serving a term as president
of the Canadian Teachers' Federation. He
is a past president of the BCTF.... Walter
Young, BA'55, (MA, Oxford), (PhD, Toronto), head of UBC's political science department has moved to the University of
Victoria to be chairman of its political science department.
David Morley, BA'56, is undersecretary
to the Treasury Board where he is responsible for expansion of the bilingual division
formed by the board last year. ... A past
president of the B.C. Teachers' Federation,
Robert Buzza, BA'57, MEd'60, is the new
general secretary of the federation, succeeding Charles Ovans, BA'40, who retired
August 1.
Ronald Faris, BA'58, MEd'67, (PhD,
Toronto), will be advising B.C.'s Bremer
commission on college affairs and educational communications. He has been a faculty member at the Regina campus of the
University of Saskatchewan, where he
headed the general studies division. . . .
Coronary care in Canada was the topic when
Arthur Macgregor, MD'58, addressed the
conjoint annual meeting of the Canadian and
English Colleges of Physicians and Surgeons. He has been in family practice in
Victoria since 1961 and is currently chairman
of the intern and education committee and
director of medical education at Victoria
General Hospital. . . . Edgar Epp, BSW'59,
(MSW, Manitoba), a former warden at the
Haney Correctional Centre, has returned to
B.C. from Ontario to be deputy minister for
corrections in the attorney general's office.
Alexandra Browning
Back in Vancouver after a 12 year absence
is John Goodwin, BCom'61. He's a member
of the rather mysterious sounding MacMillan Bloedel department — strategic planning
and development. He is currently president
of the North American Society for Corporate Planning. . . . Sister Jean Mary Micha-
lec, BSc'61 (MSc, Sophia), a Maryknoll
missioner to Japan is teaching in the international division of Sophia University for the
next year.
After graduation Sandra Browning, BMus
'62, made her professional debut with the
Vancouver Opera Association then she left
for Europe to make her name in the opera
world. As Alexandra Browning she is a name
— a six-year veteran of the prestigious English Opera Group, Benjamin Britten's
company. She makes her Covent Garden
debut this October in "Electra". . . . Joan
Halverson (Ostrom Schick) BLS'62 is information librarian at the Fraser Valley regional library. . . . New federal government
funds to encourage development of provincial museums are having some effect in B.C.
Leslie Kopas, BSF'62, MA'72, is the new director of the Prince Rupert museum, thanks
to a $10,000 federal grant.
All those marching feet in the annual Miles
for Millions across the country helped in
many places 'round the world. Just one is the
Guy's Hill Junior Secondary School in St.
Catherine's, Jamaica, where David, BA'65
and Betty, BHE'63 (Dahl) Giesbrecht are
teaching. They are in the midst of three-year
assignments from the Mennonite Central
Committee and are veterans of previous
stint of teaching in Nigeria. At their school
an $800 donation from MFM bought school
books, equipment for home economics,
photography equipment and a down payment
on a Gestetner. . . . Kenneth Dyba, BA'64,
new director of the Pleiades Theatre at Calgary's planetarium sees great things in the
theatre's future. He's hoping to make the
theatre into "a living arts centre" getting as
much community involvement as possible in
many areas of the arts. A new company under his direction will be aimed at developing
original works for performance. Kenneth
Dyba is the author of Sister Roxy, published
by November House, which the Victoria
Times said is just the book for those planning
a family visit to Transylvania and who like
to watch late-night horror movies. His second book is due to be published next year.
Artificial oysters in the Red Sea? Yes, if
William Arye Hughes-Games, BSc'64, has
his way. As a member of a research group at
Eilat, Israel, he has managed to grow two
oysters in the time he's been working on the
project. Now he needs to go to New Guinea
for further research on oyster breeding and
is looking for a grant of $25,000 to do it. If the
venture becomes commercially feasible he
feels it would be of great value to the kibbutzim — seems there's a great demand for oysters in Israel. ... A $1,000 prize had Jerry
Mar's, BSc'64, (PhD, Cal. Tech.), name on
it at the recent meeting of the Institute of
Electrical and Electronic Engineers in New
York. The Browder Thompson memorial
prize was given in recognition for Dr. Mar's
paper on transistor memory cells — the best
paper published in the year by someone under 30.
Alison Clarke-Stewart, BA'65, MA'67,
PhD (Yale), has been very busy. Her first
book Day Care in Context, with Greta Fein,
was published by Wiley Interscience in January and she is currently involved with a report for the Carnegie Council on Children on
the impact of the family on children's development as well as directing a research project
in child development and early education at
Yale. Next January she expects to be teaching at the University of Chicago. . . . After
two and a half years with the Ontario Research Foundation, Michael Fairweather,
BASc'65, MASc'67, (PhD, Imperial Col-
leg), is back in B.C. with Cominco at Trail.
. . . Alex Holm, BEd'65, MEd'69 is in Victoria as provincial curriculum consultant
with the Department of Education — with
particular emphasis on elementary language
arts. . . . Janet Smith, BCom'65, is in Ottawa as senior program liaison officer in the
office of equal opportunities for women in the
Public Service Commission. Previously she
was teaching economics and commerce at
Browndale's child care program in B.C.
is under the direction of Paul Beckow, BPE
'66, (MSc, Oregon). . . . Another external
affairs appointment takes James Sotvedt, BA
'66, to Zambia as this country's first consul
and commercial secretary. He previously
served with Canadian consulates in Detroit
and Guatemala.
A 12,000-mile sea voyage from Plymouth,
England ended when Paul Clark, BA'67,
landed at Victoria's Inner Harbour in July.
The last leg of the journey from Panama
lasted 116 days — a result of sailing out into
the Pacific in hopes of catching enough wind
to move the 30-foot ketch. His only company
on the trip was the ship's cat, Shiva and her
two kittens. There was tight rationing on the
voyage — six glasses of water "for everything" and "endless meals of rice an
beans" with the occasional tin of vegetables
or meat. . . . The highest marks in his graduating class won Kenneth Ward Morris,
BArch '67, MArch(Penn.) the Faculty
medal at the University of Pennsylvania. He
also won the certificate of merit from the
American Society of Landscape Architects
....Foreign lands beckon — and Hugh L.
Stephens, BA'67, (BEd, Toronto), (MA,
Duke), has deserted his history classroom
in Merritt to join the external affairs department as a foreign service officer. He's initially stationed in exotic Ottawa. ... Alice
DongWong, BHE'67,(MD, Toronto), heads
Toronto's Wellesley Hospital Employee
Health Services. As chief of the service that Kenneth Dyba
provides medical care for the employees and
students at Wellesley and Princess Margaret
Hospitals, she and her staff coped with over
12,000 visits last year. They treat acute problems as well as referring patients to outside
doctors.... Talonbooks, one of Canada's
new generation of book publishers, is headed
by David Robinson, BA'68. A recent offering
of the company is British Columbia, One
Hundred Years of Geographical Change,
written by Dr. J. Lewis Robinson, former
head of UBC's geography department (and
David's father) and Walter Hardwick,
BA'54, MA'58, (PhD, Minnesota) geography professor and Vancouver city alderman.
Jean-Pierre Daem, BSc'68, (MSc, SFU),
has been elected by the students of Simon
Fraser as a member of the university's sen-
Merle Smith
ate. He is a past president of the Canadian
Union of Graduate Students. . . ."Gingerly
settled in" is the term James Macbeth, BCom
'68, (MA, Leeds) uses to describe himself at
the University of Western Australia. Since
December '71, he's been a lecturer "with a
cynical eye" on business in the commerce
Wayne Bembridge, MA'70, is principal of
the Douglass School for the physically
handicapped in Winnipeg. ... A former
contributor to the Chronicle, Valerie Hennell, BA'70, MA'72, is making history on the
island of Ibiza. She's the island's first-ever
female yachting instructor — and well quali-
1774 West Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
Interested in buying or
selling real estate
in Vancouver?
For advice and assistance
without high pressure
salesmanship, call me
Joan Bentley
224-0255 Res.
733-8181 Bus.
Walter H. Gage Residences
Residence accommodation for 3,200 persons and meals for 6,000 daily. Large
range of meeting rooms from 3,200
capacity to numerous small seminar
rooms and theatres. Full convention
facilities and planning assistance. Available May 3 to August 31, 1974.
Cofem Park
Convention Centre
Let's talkmortgages,
the cost of the home
you want tobuy
Yes, if you are steadily employed and not over
stretching the family budget, it is possible to borrow up
to 95% of the price of your home. With a new plan we
call High Ratio Conventional Mortgages. Here are
examples of how it works:
Total cost
of house
% you could
95% of $40,000
75% of next $10,000
to you
You get all the money from us. You don't have to
deal with any second lender. And, our rates are comparable to (and in some cases; even lower than) those of
other recognized mortgage 1 anders.
At the Bank of Montreal, we want to see you get the
home you want with as little fuss and cash outlay as
possible. So come on in and let's talk High Ratio Mortgages.
So you can get on with the buying
of your home.
The First Canadian Bank
Bank of Montreal
37 fied with three years teaching experience at
the Royal Vancouver Yacht Club behind
her. . . . Life afloat has another convert.
Paul Roy Stewart, BEd'70, is building a 45'
boat on his property in Richmond — two
years to project completion. He then plans
to sail the B.C. coast for two years before retiring afloat — from his 12 year teaching
Henry Armstrong, (BEd, MEd, Alta.)
PhD'72, is new executive director of the
B.C. School Trustees Association. . . .
Marian Ruth Jackson, MSN'73 is in Saskatoon as nursing administrator at City Hospital. She was previously director of medical
nursing at Saskatoon's University Hospital.
. . . The problems of the handicapped are all
too familiar to Merle Smith, MSW'73, a paraplegic, confined to a wheel chair since a hiking accident 10 years ago. The B.C. provincial government has just appointed her its
first consultant on the problems of the handicapped. Already she's planning a conference
to discuss housing, pensions, transportation and rehabilitation,and produce suggestions and recommendations for provincial
policy on the handicapped.
vember 19, 1972 in New Westminster. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. Michael Gee, BEd'72, (Frances, BEd'72), a son, Christopher Michael,
July 1, 1973 in Prince George. . . . Mr. and
Mrs. Lawrence G. Humphrey, BA'57, a
daughter, Isabella Celina, February ,1973
in Barcelona, Spain. . . . Dr. and Mrs.
Richard C. Mansey, (Elizabethe Haig-Smil-
lie, BSc'66) a daughter, Michelle Anne, May
18, 1973 in Hamilton, Ont. . . .Mr. and Mrs.
John Parks, BCom'70, LLB'71, (Joy Young,
BEd'70), a daughter, Shalan Michelle, May
12, 1973 in Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. H.
Graham Reid, BSc'65, LLB'68, (Donalda
Nunn, BEd'66), a daughter, Suzanne Elizabeth, July 13, 1973 in Vancouver. . . . Mr.
and Mrs. John Tyrrell, BA'64, a daughter,
Anne Katherine, March 24, 1973 in Surrey.
. . . Dr. and Mrs. Barrie Webster, BSc'63,
MSc'65, (Phyllis Sagert, BA'64), a daughter,
Glenys Muriel, May 26, 1973 in Winnipeg.
Lesage — Valentine. Jean-Pierre Lesage
MBA'69 to Francoise Valentine, June 25,
1973 in Templenrs, France. . . . Salkus —
McMillan. Neil J. Salkus, BASc'68, to
Donna Leanne McMillan, BA'72, May 25,
1973 in Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Kenneth W. Doduk, BASc'70,
a daughter, Barbara Jo-Anne, March 4,
1973 in Vancouver. . . . Dr. and Mrs.
Michael J. Fairweather, BASc'65, MASc'67,
a son, James Duncan, June 26, 1973 in
Trail. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Paul E. Forseth,
BEd'72, a daughter.  Richelle Rivee, No-
Melville W. Bolger, BSc'68, February 1973
in Vancouver. Survived by his parents,
grandmother and two brothers.
Mrs. Ernest S. Earle (Isobel Douglass), BA
'28, May 1973 in Vancouver. She was achar-
ter member of the UBC chapter of Kappa
Kappa Gamma and is survived by her husband, brother and son, William, BCom'65.
Denis Alan Godson, BA'54, (BLS, Toronto),
May 1973 in Victoria. A librarian at the Provincial Archives in Victoria, he was active
in church work as Sacristan of St. Barnabas'
Anglican Church and archivist of the Diocese of B.C. Survived by his mother and
Walter H. Goodwin, BA'42, BASc'43, May
1973 in California. A senior scientist-engineer at McDonnell-Douglas Aircraft, he is
survived by his wife, son, two daughters,
father and two brothers, Martin, BSA'43and
Norman, BA'50, LLB'51.
Evelyn C. McKay, BA'19, May 1973 in New
York. A pioneer on social work for the blind,
she was at one time director of social research for the American Foundation for the
Blind where she was active in advocating
legislative changes to aid the blind in both the
U.S. Congress and state legislatures. After
retiring in 1959 she undertook consulting
work before founding the Louis Braille
Foundation for Blind Musicians — a nonprofit organization to aid blind musicians
achieve professional status as performers
and educators. She was executive director
of the foundation at her death. A member of
UBC's first freshman class, she served as
editor of the Ubyssey in 1917-18.
Orville F. Scheelar, BSF'51, July 1972 in
Nakusp. A forester with Celgar Ltd., he is
survived by his wife, two sons, parents and
two sisters. D
—' ii ^"iCW-^^^^^M
Open to all UBC Grads	
A Career in
The Foreign
As a respected member of the world community,
Canada considers it in her national interest to
engage in a broad range of international activites.
These include diplomatic relations, trade activities,
immigration services and the dissemination of
information about Canada. If you want to find out
more about the Foreign Service and other Public
Service careers come to the Public Service
Commission's Briefing Session to be held at:
Quief Distinction     V
Hall 2 Instructional Resources Centre
Handcrafted to flawless perfection in stainless
steel. Exclusive process of metal on metal will never
fade or tarnish. Illustrated 11" x 13"- $55 FOB
Oakville. Simply send document with cheque.
Document returned in original condition. Ontario
residents add 5% sales tax. For yourself or as a gift
nothing will be more treasured and appreciated.
Other sizes—write for free brochure.
at UBC
October 10,1973, at 7:00 PM
This year the annual University Recruiting written
examinations for the Public Service will be held on
October 17th and 18th. Candidates interested in the
Foreign Service must appear both nights. If you are
unable to attend the Briefing Session, telephone the
Regional Educational Liaison Officer of the Public
Service Commission of Canada at 666-1307 for more
This Competition is open to both men
and women.
■ JJL     Public Service     Fonction publique
■ ^^    Canada              Canada
38 W '■'
1 I II 1
Reflections on a perfect weekend
Behind you, the Copper Room pulses with music and laughter.
Overhead, stars begin to shimmer as a curtain of darkness settles on
the surrounding mountains. It's a moment you'll long remember...
and only one small part of a holiday visit to The Harrison. The fur of
golf, tennis, swimming, riding and boating. The delight of expertly
prepared cuisine. The enjoyment of tastefully furnished accommodations. All in a magnificent setting that's truly removed from
everyday concerns ... yet only an easy drive away. Make it soon —
for a relaxing weekend or a special Midweek Holiday. For reservations, see your travel agent or phone 521-8888, toll-free from
Vancouver. Or write: Max A. Nargil, Managing Director.
Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia The cruiser Aurora
signalled the start of
the 1917 Bolshevik
Revolution by firing a
blank round at the
Czar's Winter
Palace, across
the river.
approval was like a 21 gun salute.
Canadians approve of Alberta
Vodka's quality, too. That's why it's
now Canada's best-seller at the
popular price.
Alberta tPonir® Vodka
It takes more than a Russian sounding name
**- to make a great Vodka.


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