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UBC Alumni Chronicle [1969-06]

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 INDIAN EDUCATION:
DAWN OF EQUALITY OR DEATH OF^fCULTURE? o\ great resort
grows greater
For years The Harrison has offered a matchless blend of
scenic charm, distinguished service and superb resort facilities. Now, with the completion of a major expansion program, there's even greater scope for holiday enjoyment. The
"new" Harrison includes a six-storey addition which vastly
increases the range of gracious accommodations. A magnificent circular health pavilion housing two hot springs pools,
Roman and swirl baths and elegant individual rooms for
massage and health treatments. An enlarged lobby and
remodelled dining facilities add to your pleasure.
Of course, some things haven't changed. You'll find our staff
still remembers The Harrison's fine tradition of warm, hospitable service. The nightly dancing and entertainment is
sparkling as ever.. . the cuisine distinguished by any standards. And you can still enjoy swimming in heated pools, golf,
riding, tennis and boating. The Harrison also offers supervised activities for children. Plus convention facilities for
groups to 450. It was a great resort before the new expansion
program. Now it's really something.
Represented in the west by the Glen W. Fawcett Division of John A. Tetley Co.; in the east by Robert F. Warner, Inc.
r_
For colorful brochure, mail this coupon to:
Max A. Nargil, Managing Director,
THE HARRISON
Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia.
NAME,
ADDRESS-
L   CITY	
J ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
VOLUME 23, NO. 2, SUMMER 1969
CONTENTS
4    INDIAN  EDUCATION:
Dawn of Equality or Death of a Culture?
by Jim Stott
10    A  PORT  IN A STORM
by Clive Cocking
16    SUPER-IDEAS  FOR A SUPERPORT
18    ADVENTURES OF A FLY-BY-NIGHT
SCHOLAR
by Trevor Lautens
20    EXPLORATIONS AND EXPERIMENTS
a picture story on UBC science
26    ALUMNI  NEWS
28    SPOTLIGHT
34    ALUMNI  DIRECTORY
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, chairman
Frank C. Walden, BA'49,   past chairman
Miss Kirsten Emmott, Sc 4
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67
Dr. Joseph Katz, E!A, MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago)
Fred H. Moonen, BA'49
Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48, BA'49
Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc, MSc (Mon.), PhD (Princeton)
Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51
EDITOR
Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT
Susan Jamieson, E!A'65
COVER
Marv Ferg
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE
Elizabeth Spencer Associates
Published quarterly
University of Briti
Business and editor
N.W.  Marine  Dr.,  U
The U.B.C. Alumni
alumni donating to
Universities Capital
magazine by paying
Member American A
HE3
by the Alumni Association of The
sh Columbia, Vancouver, Canada,
al offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251
B.C.,  Vancouver  8,   B.C.
Chronicle is sent free of charge to
the annual giving programme and 3
Fund. Non-donors may receive the
a subscription of $3.00 a year.
lumni Council. Indian   Education:
Dawn of Equality or Death ol a Culture?
by JIM STOTT
Tycoons and teachers, butchers
and bakers, and possibly even candlestick makers, are wont to impress
upon their children these days the
predominant educational theme of
this decade. Don't drop out. Get
a good education or society will
sentence you to a life of digging
ditches, collecting garbage or suffering the indignities of social
assistance.
High school graduation on either
the vocational or academic stream
has become the minimum pass for
entry to the benefits of our society
and if one aspires to full middle-
class membership, a university degree is increasingly important.
Successful preparation for a
place in our culturally complex and
technologically sophisticated society
is no snap for even the economically
and socially advantaged wasp. It
is a little harder again for the child
who comes from East of Main,
whose last name ends in ' ski' and
whose socio-economic environment
does not generally stress higher education as a natural and attainable
goal. Consider then, in this context,
the educational problems faced by
the Indian child.
At a time when Western society
is becoming slightly blase about the
technical triumphs of the space age,
indian education has only recently
emerged from a relative stone age. A
senior official of the Indian Affairs
Branch told me recently with some
pride that the average educational
attainment of the Indian in B.C. is
now Grade 9. His pride was well-
justified when one considers that
only 15 years ago the average In- dian child never advanced further
than Grade 3. The same official,
Ray Hall, Regional Superintendent
of Education for the Indian Affairs
Branch estimated that a young Indian entering the school system today has a 75 per cent chance of finishing Grade 10 and a 50 per cent
chance of graduating from high
school. His chances of entering or
graduating from university are so
remote as to be barely worth considering from a statistical point of
view.
There are more than 49,000 Indian residents in B.C. A total of 25
of them attend university. In a non-
Indian context such statistics would
represent a dismal and reprehensible failure of the entire educational
system. Yet the past record of Indian education is so abysmal that
even these sad statistics represent a
minor triumph. Hall, however,
points out that in the past decade,
and particularly in the past five
years, both opportunity and attainment in education has improved
considerably and the stated goal of
integrating Indians into the provincial school system is fast changing
from policy to concrete reality.
Integration began more than 20
years ago in 1948 when a handful
of Indian pupils began attending a
provincial school at Hazelton. Today the school population split is in
favor of integration, with 7,713 of
the province's Indian children attending provincial schools and the
balance of 5,686 enrolled at Indian
day schools, residential schools and
parochial schools.
The number of Indian students
attaining higher grade levels has
also increased. In 1956-57, for example, there were 27 Indians in
Grade 12 compared to a 1968-69
total of 238 in Grade 12, an almost
tenfold increase in a dozen years.
And a joint agreement on Indian
education signed earlier this year
between the federal government and
the B.C. government will hasten integration to the point where the Indian Affairs Branch will likely be
phased out of education in several
years. "We are working toward integration, toward elimination of our
department," Hall says. "It won't be
long before I will be the last of the
Mohicans in federal Indian education here."
The agreement provides the legislative machinery for integration in
areas where Indian groups and local
school districts agree. Both parties
generally appear in favor of the
idea. But neither Hall nor anyone
else familiar with the problem believes that putting Indian children
in the same classroom as non-Indians will provide a total answer to
a situation which involves complex
cultural and economic factors and
is the culmination of hundreds of
years of exploitation followed by
bumbling paternalism.
Or, as one veteran teacher I talked to put it: "I think it is very difficult for most teachers, and I'd be
one of them, to deal with Indian
children because of the experience
which Indians have undergone since
the European came to this continent. He came as a destroyer, physically through the barrel of a gun,
through alcohol and venereal disease and just straight power."
Several Indians I talked to in the
30 or under age group stressed that
the school system had lione little to
prepare them for entry into a competitive white society. They felt that
school experiences had fostered,
rather than helped eradicate, a poor
self-image.
Ernest Willy, a 30-year-old Indian from the Kingcome Reserve,
180 miles north of Vancouver, was
ordained as an Anglican priest in
1968 and is now assistant priest at
St. Helen's parish in North Surrey.
Both his profession and his own inclinations keep him in touch with
young Indians in the city who are
either in or recently out of the
school system. He told me: "At one
time they were pushing Indians into
trades and vocational training but
that has changed in the past five
years. A young Indian can go into
what he wants now. But there's still
First up with his hand is young Musqueam lad during Grade 3 math class at
Southlands elementary school. Rev. Ernest Willy displays an Indian "copper" and wood carving during
talk on Indian art. He wants schools to develop the total man.
a great push to get you financially
established come hell or high
water."
Rev. Willy feels that the education system has both failed to develop the Indian as a human being,
and to improve his self-image,
which is often a cause for despair
among young Indians. "The education system has to be more idealistic," he says. "It has to develop a
full person rather than a machine
and the whole philosophy of education has to be reviewed to consider
the whole man and not just a part
of him. The self-images of many
young Indians is that of second-
class people and they are resigned
to the fact. They feel that as far as
being people is concerned they have
nothing to offer, they have never
been asked to offer anything and
why should they anyway?"
Rev. Willy left home at the age
of 10 to enter the first grade of a
residential school at Alert Bay. At
that time he could not speak English and was caned by teachers if he
used his native tongue. But the
6
worst part of residential school for
him was the separation from brothers and sisters and parents. "I
needed my family and I was taken
away from them," he says. "They
destroyed the most precious thing I
knew because the school never replaced the family. Dividing the families is the greatest crime the residential school system ever committed. You had to stay within the
school grounds and when parents
came to see you the atmosphere was
like visitors coming into a jail."
Despite such experiences, Rev.
Willy is not bitter and he and his
wife Maureen, a white schoolteacher, could be any young couple
making their way in the world with
some success. He has no sympathy
with Red Power advocates and cannot see that movement has any constructive future.
Bob Joseph, a 29-year-old reporter for the Vancouver Sun, is also a
graduate of the Indian residential
and day school system. He was a
Community Development Worker
for the Indian Affairs Branch and
Program Director of the Vancouver
Indian Centre before going into
newspaper work last year.
At the beginning of our interview, I asked Joseph what effect the
school system had had on him and
he said that the residential system
wasn't ideal but he felt that he had
to look back at the positive aspects
that might help him now. Later, I
asked him the same question again
when the ice had cracked a little
and he said: "The effect of the educational system on me? I could say
it in one word; 'nothing'! I came
from one background and I was
forced into another. I feel as if I am
suspended between two worlds. It
would be a lot easier for me to stay
home on the reserve and I wouldn't
have to worry about image or status.
Some young Indians are ashamed of
what they are and the school system
gives them no direction, does nothing to give them a positive attitude.
Kids coming from remote areas have
a different value system. The reserve
system is a communal system, sharing, caring and doing things together. This is contrary to the capitalist system where status is important."
Joseph says he has a deep concern for the painful process of adjustment to white society which
young Indians go through and for
the drunkenness, squalor and lack
of purpose which is part of the lives
of many of them. "I have a wife and
four children and my first obligation
is to my family," he says. "That is
why I don't become a radical, or
militant or anti-establishment."
Much of Joseph's spare time is
spent behind prison walls at Oakalla, the Haney Correctional Institute or the B.C. Penitentiary where
he conducts discussion groups with
Indian prisoners. I attended one of
these sessions at Oakalla with Joseph. The basic and long-term purpose is to try to get young Indians
who are in prison involved in a
process of self-analysis, to try to determine the factors which got them
into trouble with the law and
whether the individual can do anything to correct them. Half a dozen
young Indians attended the session,
ranging in age from the middle
'teens to 21 and serving terms which
varied from a few months to almost
five years. As a group they were
intelligent, polite, but apathetic a-
bout their situation and not inclined to self-analysis. One or two of the
group had reached the Grade 10
level but the majority had quit at
Grade 8 where the federal school
system ends and the provincial system picks up.
The common denominator which
emerged from a discussion of their
educational experiences was an apparent lack of motivation either personal or external to regard the education process as anything more
than something which had to be submitted to for a certain number of
years. One 20-year-old, a bright intelligent boy who said the Indian
Affairs Branch had offered to finance his university education if he
stayed in school, said he had quit
in the middle of Grade 10 to take a
job because he "just saw no point"
in attending school. Another who attended a residential school run by a
Roman Catholic order said he didn't
like it because there was a great deal
of emphasis on religion and "the
nuns made you pray all the time."
It was impossible to make any
fair assessment from talking to the
group what effect, if any, their educational experiences had had on
the development of their outlook
and the fact that they eventually
ended up in jail. The one clear conclusion was that none of them got
the message—if it was transmitted
■—that education could be the key
to a better life, at least in terms ot
social acceptance and economic status, and that without it their chances
of successful participation in our
society were drastically reduced.
Frank Hardwick, a professor of
education at the University of B.C.
who recently helped organize a conference of Indian teachers on campus to get their views on educational
needs, says lack of education and
low economic status are part of the
vicious circle for the Indian. "Economically, the Indian is not a part of
the community," he says. "It seems
to me that if we don't find some way
of breaking the circle by which the
Indian, generation after generation,
is trapped in a subservient position
in the community, we are going to
have the same kind of problems here
which are emerging everywhere".
Professor Hardwick believes that
the school system has done little to
bolster the self-respect of the Indian
or to provide him with the incentive
to better himself. "It is dangerous to
generalize  but  I  have  used  many
textbooks over the years and I think
it is fair to say that the texts used in
Canadian schools have been historically unfair to the Indian," he says.
"Despite the best attempts of the
writers to be objective the Indian
has been placed in an inferior position. The school system has supported this by its very operation and
organization. There has been a paternal attitude and both the Indian
child and the Indian parent have
been placed in a subordinate position in the pecking order. Today
there is a chance to remedy this
through new approaches to teaching. More material either written or
inspired by Indians has begun to
seep like lava into the school system."
One of the primary objectives of
Indian education must be, in Prof.
Hardwick's opinion, to produce a
cadre of teachers who are well-informed on Indian history and culture. "I doubt that more than a
small minority of our teachers are
sufficiently aware of the Indian culture and way of life. If the Indians
are going to be integrated into the
provincial school system, as they
are, it will offer a tremendous challenge for teachers. There must be
special programs and training and
Vancouver Sun reporter Bob Joseph condemns Indian residential schools
for perpetuating Indian sense of inferiority. Mrs. Anne Malcolm (left) teaches Grade 1 reading at Vancouver's Southlands elementary school, now attended by
children from the Musqueam Indian band.
we are trying to start these up now
but this will only scratch the surface."
One of the most hopeful efforts to
"scratch the surface" is being planned by Professor A. J. More of
UBC. He is planning a 10-day Extension Department course this summer to introduce teachers to the
historical background and sociological position of Indians. It is hoped
the course will better prepare them
for their role as teachers in integrated classrooms. Both More and
others in the field, including officials of the Indian Affairs Education
Department, hope that the summer
course will lead to a credit program
at UBC designed to give teachers
specialization in the particular problems of Indian education. "This
province," says More, "is further
ahead than most in the school integration process and adaptations
are needed to give Indian children
equal opportunity, not just turn
them into little white kids. One of
the most urgent needs is special
programs in the English language
for Indian children. Young Indians
tend to speak a different kind of
English from us — a concrete
English which has difficulty in handling abstract concepts such as you
find, for example, in new math. And
it's really tough for them when you
get to the level where a fine differ-
8
ence in the use of words can sometimes mean the difference between
a pass and a fail."
Dr. Read Campbell, a specialist
in speech communication at UBC,
has been busily scratching the surface since about four years ago
when, as she says, "I began to have
pricks of conscience about these
girls coming in and living on Skid
Road and I asked myself what I was
doing about it." Mrs. Campbell
tackles the problem from the viewpoint that feelings of inadequacy
experienced by young Indians are
often related to difficulties with oral
communication. "Speech communication enables a person to build
and maintain a satisfactory self-concept," she says. "You build your
image, you create a role. Indian
students often do not have a satisfactory self-image and they have a
need for a warm personality to interact with them. If you don't have
your human self properly established you are going to foist your frustrations on others. Two or three
young adult students I had last winter felt great bitterness in their
hearts and were drawn to the Red
Power movement. One of them told
me about being down in the Skid
Road area. A drunken woman was
lying there, the paddy wagon had
been called, and she was being kicked while she lay there. He asked me
if I wouldn't get violent in these
circumstances."
One of Dr. Campbell's most ambitious projects, for which she has
made a submission for support to
the Canada Council, is a Centre for
Studies in Cross-Cultural Interaction. "We need a cross-cultural centre here, I'd like to call it a spore,
a pretty germane grass roots word.
I'd like to establish something like
that here, working with my UBC
colleagues, and then turn it over to
the Indians as soon as possible."
In her submission to the Canada
Council, Dr. Campbell described
the rationale for a cross-cultural
centre; "There exists in many young
Indian adults today an aspiration,
often unconscious and unarticulat-
ed, to take a more effective part in
the society in which we live. As the
intellectual sophistication, economic
status, and social customs of Canada's native Indian population
change, methods and means which
may have been adequate in a former
day are no longer appropriate. Since
learning occurs primarily in a social-
emotional climate, a study of communicative behaviour must be concerned with the self-concepts of the
learner, with his self-confidence
feelings, emotions, and with his internal thought processes. There is
a great need to explore communication problems at an imaginative and sophisticated level." Dr. Campbell
hopes that a program to tackle such
problems can be started at UBC,
taught eventually by native Indian
graduates and, hopefully, repeated
with appropriate variations at several locations across Canada.
Probably the most comprehensive
survey of the state of Indian education in Canada was prepared for the
federal government and published
recently by Dr. H. B. Hawthorn, a
UBC anthropologist, as a joint project with co-investigators at several
other universities. The report, recently published by the Queen's
Printer, drew a number of conclusions:
Integration of schools may have
proceeded to the point where no
further urging is needed for local
boards and for provinces to take up
their general responsibility, but the
problems it has failed to solve and
others it has created still bear heavily on the Indian child.
The prime assumption of the survey has been that Indians should be
enabled to make meaningful choices
between desirable alternatives; that
this should not happen at some time
in the future but now. Many of the
desirable alternatives are open only
to those educated for them. Consequently Indian children and adults
must find schools and proper programs ready to receive them
The efforts to get all children in
school, keep them there for a longer
time and share all the educational
benefits received by other Canadian
children have been vastly increased
from the time the first moves toward school integration were made
some 20 years ago. However, the
numbers in high school and post-
secondary institutions are not yet
near the size needed to reach educational equality with the rest of
the nation, and most of the Indians'
problems have moved ahead of their
educational solutions in the past
decade.
School for some of them is unpleasant, frightening and painful.
For these and some others it is not
so much adaptive as maladaptive.
The integration of Indian children into provincial schools, once so
hopefully regarded, has not settled
the issue. The Indian child needs
more than equality or similarity of
education. In some ways he needs
more and in some ways different
schooling.
The attitudes of white parents
and children affect profoundly, perhaps as much as those of the teacher, the capacity of the Indian
child to learn in school. Where the
attitudes of all of them are negative,
the child is overwhelmed. Such extreme cases appear to be rare but it
is common to find some parents and
their children still reject or dislike
an Indian child regardless of his
nature and qualities, merely because
he is an Indian. If total rejection is
totally destructive, partial rejection
is partially so.
Some of the major recommendations of the survey include:
• Integration of Indian children
into the public system should proceed with due concern for all involved and after the full co-operation of local Indians and non-Indians has been secured.
• All school authorities should
recognize that special and remedial
programs are needed for the education of Indian children, whether under integrated or other auspices.
• Educational programs should
take into account the obvious differences in background of the Indian student and also the often less
obvious differences in values and
motivations.
• Remedial courses in English
which are a part of the regular provincial curriculum should be offered
and  adapted to the  needs  of the
Indians.
• The Indian Affairs Branch
should encourage university faculties of education to offer linguistic
studies, including contrastive grammar, as a part of teacher training.
• Other recommendations were
that existing reserve kindergarten
and nursery school programs should
be kept in operation except where
they can be integrated; Wherever
possible such programs should be
co-operative so that Indian parents
may share the responsibility of educating their children; Some texts,
which the survey describes as containing material about Indians
which is inaccurate, over-generalized and even insulting, should be removed from the curriculum.
Even if all the recommendations
of the survey were implemented tomorrow, and some of them are in
the process of being implemented,
it will clearly be many years before
Indians achieve educational parity
with non-Indians. The ultimate goal,
to which education is only an instrument, is acceptance of the Indian e.s a human being on his own
merits as a social and intellectual
equal of other people. An enlightened educational system is perhaps
our best hope of changing public
attitudes and finally achieving this
goal. d
Deeply engrossed, a young Indian boy follows the reading lesson A Port In A Storm
Chronicle editor Clive Cocking, BA'62, probes the
controversy over the Roberts Bank superport project.
SOUTH OF THE FRASER RIVER
mouth a new sandy spit stretches out from the swampy shore.
Three miles out it fades into a hazy
grey blot on the blue horizon. From
the shore dyke it seems remote,
quiet, peaceful, like a natural part
of the delta. But it is not. Out in
Georgia Strait, the end of the man-
made spit is alive with men and
machines. Workers' multi-colored
hardhats are bobbing everywhere,
gravel-laden trucks are roaring back
and forth, tiny tugs arc nudging
barges, cranes are swinging, earth-
movers are swarming over sandpiles
like a mass of yellow ants. . .
It is phase one of the much-
praised, much-cursed Roberts Bank
superport. The men are hustling to
complete the dock and loading facilities in time for Kaiser Resources
Ltd. to begin shipping coking coal
to Japan in November. The company hopes to begin supplying Japanese steel mills then with the first of
45 million tons of Kootenay coal
under a 15-year, $650 million contract. Now 50 acres, the Kaiser port
facilities represent only a tiny fraction of what is to be developed at
the superport over the next 30 years.
And while the port now seems so
remote and peaceful from the shore,
its effect has been anything but that.
Not since the Peace River power
project has an economic development caused such deep public concern and controversy. The provincial government and its crown corporations have been widely criticized for their handling of the development. Protests have ranged
10
^f**.
Standing at the tip of the superport causeway, Delta mayor Dugald Morrison points north to wildlife habitat which could be threatened by port
pollution. Present superport causeway is only
tiny fraction of the ultimate development. Photo courtesy Swan Woos-
ter.
over everything from the provincial
government's selection of a port rail
route slicing through Delta, to the
government's expropriation of rich
farmland for port access and industry, to the threat of pollution, destruction of wildlife and possible loss
of Boundary Bay for recreation. In
essence, the people in the host municipality of Delta—and elsewhere—
are fearful of the possible detrimental effect of the superport on the
surrounding environment.
Their concerns are not unique.
The Roberts Bank superport issue
represents in microcosm what is
happening throughout the province.
Whether it be over a waterfront
freeway in Vancouver, pulp mills
near Prince George, strip mining in
the Kootenays, or plans to divert
water in the Okanagan, people
everywhere are becoming alarmed
at what is being done to the
environment—to our water resources, wildlife and recreation potential. Many people sense that the
province is on the brink of major
economic developments that, while
creating wealth, also have potential
for destruction of our lush mountain, sea and lake environment.
This is certainly true of the super-
port. It offers great potential economic benefits to Delta, to the
Lower Mainland and to all of Canada. In fact, the now-defunct Lower
Mainland Regional Planning Board
(a not uncritical agency itself) has
stated that: "The port facility on
Roberts Bank will perhaps be the
most significant development to take
place in the Lower Mainland since
the coming of rail to tide water in
1885." But, its economic contribution could be greatly diminished by
its destructive effect on the environment.
Any detrimental or beneficial
effects of the superport will reverberate beyond the municipality of
Delta. They will be felt in the whole
Lower Mainland region. Already
Delta is feeling the pressure of
growth—its population stands at
29,000 and has been growing 25
per cent a year. More and more
people are being attracted south of
the Fraser River to live in Delta's
suburban-rural environment, or to
find relaxation through its beaches,
fishing, wildlife—and sunshine. The
population of the Lower Mainland
is expected to almost double to 2
million by the turn of the century,
which means such amenities as these
are becoming increasingly important.
This is scarcely news. Awareness
is growing of the need to husband
our natural environment so that
there is something left to enjoy in
the coming age of leisure. In fact,
the Roberts Bank superport is being
received with a surprisingly mature
response on the part of people who
will be affected by it. There is no
clamor for the project to be stopped
and for Delta to remain as some
kind of idyllic suburbia. Virtually
everyone favors the development,
but would like a little 20th century
technology to be used to carry it
out with a minimum of disruption.
That includes those most immediately affected, people whose lands
have been expropriated.
One of these is Wray Dowding,
whose 120-acre farm has been taken
for the rail corridor. It's been his
home all his life. "My dad and
mother settled here in 1909," Dowding recalled recently. "They came
out here from Grey County, Ontario. I was born here on the farm
in 1912." It's been a good life, the
land has been rich and the climate
ideal for farming. He raises peas,
hay, cats and barley. Dowding feels
no bitterness over the superport
development; he only wants to get
enougi money from the government
to get another farm and continue
farming. But prospects so far
haven't looked too good. "I don't
know anywhere in Canada where
we can replace this land," he said.
Allan Wilson, chief architect for
the Vancouver School Board, is representative of another class of
people directly affected by the port,
people who like a little elbow room
for living and for keeping horses.
He and his wife, Sadie, have five
horses for their enjoyment and for
that of their son and daughter when
they come to visit. Their 1XA acre
farm was expropriated in January.
"We f;lt sick, very sick when we
first heard," said Wilson. "It came
as quite a blow because we had no
idea that we were being involved."
Although there has been no price
settlement yet, the Wilsons don't
feel so bad now; they recently purchased  12  acres south of Langley
11 ■Il.l.'ljfl.
I? !;i''i.l:.:
Forced to make way for superport rail corridor are Mrs. Sadie Wilson (left) and husband, Allan, (right) whose
land has been expropriated.  They intend to relocate on  a small farm  in  Langley.
complete with a beaver pond and a
lodge. Wilson is not opposed to the
development. "I wouldn't stand in
the way of progress, but I would
just like to be properly compensated for being uprooted," he said.
People like Allan Wilson recognize the economic inevitability of
the superport. While the Kaiser coal
deal got the development going, research had shown that such a port
would in any case be needed in the
1970s. According to Dave King,
BCom '45, BSA'45, executive secretary of the B.C. Harbors Board,
the studies indicated Vancouver
would surpass Montreal as the
major port in Canada in the late
1960s. And this has occurred; Vancouver now handles about 23 million tons of dry cargo annually.
"The studies indicated that by
1975, the volumes going out will
double—to something of the order
of 45 million tons—and that by
1985, they will nearly double
again," said King. "They will be up
in the order of 75 to 80 million tons.
This is what dictated the need for a
facility like Roberts Bank. It could
be demonstrated that the Burrard
Inlet area could not accommodate
all the economic activity that was
12
going to be brought into the area in
the next 15 years."
One of the reasons for this is the
anticipated fantastic demand for
Canada's raw materials on the part
of manufacturing nations in the
early 1970s. Pacific Rim countries,
in addition, are expected to have a
population increase of 325 million
people over the next seven years.
This means that, if trends continue,
the trade figure of $700 million between B.C. and Pacific Rim
countries could double by 1975.
Equally important as a factor is
the technological revolution in
transportation now underway. The
developments in this area which
have had most influence on the
superport are those of unit trains—
long single-cargo trains that never
stop—and superfreighters in the
100,000-ton class. It is expected
that, because of the great savings,
the bulk of future world trade will
use these systems and be carried
on between a small number of
superports around the world, smaller cargoes being trans-shipped by
traditional means to smaller ports.
The trend is already underway and
it was a matter of keeping up or
being left behind.
But why Roberts Bank as the
site? The answer is that it is the
best site in west coast North America for a superport, according to
Swan Wooster Engineering Ltd.
studies. Vancouver Island acts as a
natural breakwater. Roberts Bank
offers superfreighters needed water
depths of 65 feet at berth-face, with
the possibility of dredging deeper.
There is plenty of backup land for
quick cargo handling and direct, un-
congested rail and highway access.
In contrast, water depth at the Vancouver harbor entrance is an in-
adquate 39 feet; there is no backup
land and the area is built-up and
congested.
These natural assets will enable
the superport to greatly expand over
the next 30 years. Ultimately, it will
consist of three huge causeways jutting into the sea with 47 deepsea
berths and over 100 smaller berths
for coastal traffic. In addition to
present port access land, it will
cover 5,000 acres of land reclaimed
from tidal flats. Total cost: about
$150 million. "My personal opinion," said King, "is that the super-
port is more significant to the Canadian economy than the development
of the St. Lawrence Seaway." Steel girders are swung into place to begin erecting massive crane at the superpon. Scramble is on to complete
Kaiser coal-loading facilities in time to start shipping coal to Japan this November.
This may well be true. The port
is also of great significance to the
people of the Lower Mainland. And
unfortunately there is little evidence
of overall planning being undertaken to ensure that regional interests are taken into consideration.
Delta municipality—which has a
vital stake in the issue—has consistently complained that it has
never been involved in planning the
port or rail access. The Lower
Mainland Regional Planning Board
voiced the same complaints—before
it was summarily dissolved by
the provincial government. What
planning being done is apparently
being carried out very quietly by
key ministers in the provincial cabinet, the B.C. Harbors Board, B.C.
Hydro and the National Harbors
Board—with technical assistance
from Swan Wooster.
This is totally inadequate in the
minds of people like Don Lanskail,
LLB'50, BA'50, the former chairman of the regional planning board.
"This particular government has
never been receptive to the idea of
sharing its authority," he charged.
"They feel that when they want to
build a superport, they should make
all the decisions and shouldn't have
to share with anybody."
What is now called, "The Great
Railway Debate", raised similar suspicions in the minds of Delta officials and representatives of other
groups. The debate, almost a year
ago now, was over selection of the
port rail route. Both the original
choice and the final rail route
selection ignored the provisions of
the official regional plan (which
the provincial government ratified
in 1966) and the advice of the planning board. The route extends
through the middle of the municipality, through what the official plan
designated as agricultural land and
ignored the rail-industrial corridor
established along the Fraser River
under the regional plan.
Farmers, the B.C. Wildlife Federation, Delta council, the regional
planning board and some other
groups opposed a rail route through
the middle of Delta because it split
the municipality, removed rich
farmland from production, posed a
threat to wildlife habitat and raised
the spectre of industrial sprawl.
Delta Mayor Dugald Morrison commented: "The council opposed the
line along Boundary Bay because
we felt that if the line came in from
the north we would be able to keep
all industry in one area of Delta,
instead of it spreading throughout
Delta"
The protests have been of no
avail. Mayor Morrison suggests
the government knew where it
wanted the rail route all along—
despite its "second look" at the situation. "It was on the insistence of
Delta that the government looked
at the; north and south routes," he
said. "But when they got ready to
build they put it exactly where they
were going to put it in the first place,
so I don't think there was really
any question about where they were
going. It was simply a smokescreen."
The result is a rail route that will
cut through 25 farms, across 14
roads, and involve construction of
21 miles of new track. The Fraser
River route favored by the planning
board would have involved extension of 8.6 miles of new track, upgrading of four miles of track and
would leave farms virtually untouched and would involve only
four level crossings or overpass
situations. To the planners, the
alternatives had not been examined.
"The Roberts Bank rail route issue,
13 commented the former planning
board director, Victor Parker, MSc'
60, "was a classic example of the
fact that there is no regional planning being done."
In the view of the officials developing the port, the time factor is the
source of the difficulty. As Dave
King said: "The real problem is that
the project is being created very
quickly and that much of the engineering is being done as the project
is being constructed, in effect. Instead of having studies done, summarized for public consumption,
releasing them and having people
talk about them for two years, we're
actually doing engineering and
building things simultaneously.
While this may not be desireable
from a public relations point of
view, it means that you very often
can create a major project at considerably less cost."
At less cost to whom? is the
question Delta officials are asking.
Maybe less cost to B.C. Hydro, but
not to Delta municipality. For one
thing, having a railway running
through the municipality will be a
source of perpetual servicing problems, according to Delta's administrator, Ray Cunliffe, BASc'49. "We'
re given to understand that right
between Ladner and Tsawwassen
will be a railway marshalling yard
some 1,500 feet wide," he said.
"When you start moving vehicular
traffic through this, the only way to
do it is up and over, and we have
no assurances from anybody as to
who is going to help us pay for the
things we're going to need to put in
to get around this problem." A
similar problem will be encountered
with providing additional services
to Tsawwassen, which are now extended south across farmland from
Ladner. "The railway is cutting
right across this area," said Cunliffe, "which means that every time
we try to put another water line,
another utility, down to South Delta
we will be tunnelling under railway
tracks at a fantastic cost compared
to open cut ditching." Hydro indicated they would work out a cost-
sharing agreement, but have made
no move to do so yet.
It may be that Delta hasn't seen
anything yet. W. C. Mearns, B.C.
Harbors Board chairman, has stated
that in his opinion 20,000 acres of
backup land for access and industry
14
is the minimum necessary to make
an economic superport. Neither Delta nor the reorganized regional
planning agency has had any part
in planning for this possibility.
Mayor Morrison of Delta noted: "B.
C. Harbors Board officials did bring
out a map to show us what they
anticipated as the eventual use of
Delta land and it showed an area
all the way from the Gulf of Georgia
right up to Colebrook Road in Surrey as industrial land. This would
involve the 20,000 acres. Delta
comprises approximately 43,000
acres and this would take the bulk
of our flat-lands, pretty well all of
our farmlands. If this was to develop
as the harbors board see it, Delta
would pretty well become a Ruhr
Valley." Aside from the danger of
industrial sprawl, there is the question whether it is necessary to convert rich farmland to industry, particularly since there is already 48,
000 acres of industrial land set aside
in the Lower Mainland and only
7,400 acres in use.
The rail line and accompanying
industrial development are not the
only factors threatening Delta's environment for living. Pollution is
another. Delta officials have become
almost resigned to this prospect
since port authorities have not announced any definite pollution control measures. Vague comments
about spraying coal with water or
oil to curb air pollution have not
changed this feeling. Nor has a spirit
of optimism been encouraged by the
knowledge that the port in coming
years will also handle sulphur, potash and crude oil. But air pollution
is the immediate threat. In summer
the prevailing winds off Roberts
Bank are the westerlies, which could
result in coal dust—or other pollutants—being wafted up over posh
Tsawwassen homes. The mayor, in
fact, is almost certain this will happen. "During the spring and summer they're likely to get some
pollution up there," Morrison
shrugs.
Pollution by water—particularly
through oil spillage—presents the
greatest danger to the major waterfowl populations in the area. The
port, in fact, could have a tragic
impact on the waterfowl and the
reason (again) lies in a lack of overall planning. Howard Paish, BEd
'63, executive director of the B.C.
Cargo of bolts is lowered into place
for start of construction of huge super-
port crane. In the background feverish
work is underway to complete the first
berths for bulk carriers at Roberts
Bank.
Wildlife Federation, pointed out:
"The relationship between the provincial government and its own Fish
and Wildlife Branch was about the
same as between the provincial government and the Lower Mainland
Regional Planning Board. They
seem to have been totally ignored."
He said neither the provincial Fish
and Wildlife Branch, nor the federal Canadian Wildlife Service were
involved in planning the port, or requested to present recommendations
regarding its possible effects on
wildlife. And a year before the port
was announced, said Paish, the B.C.
Wildlife Federation, anticipating the
project, urged B.C. Recreation and
Conservation Minister Kenneth Kie-
rnan to have studies undertaken on
the impact of the port on recreation
and wildlife. Nothing was done, he
said. Closest anyone came to this goal was when Swan Wooster, following some controversy, solicited
the views of wildlife experts.
The wildlife experts have good
cause for concern. The foreshore
and sub-tidal areas of the Fraser
River delta, just north of the port,
represent the largest single piece of
untouched waterfowl habitat on the
Pacific flyway. These areas, and the
farmland behind them, support over
one million migratory birds and between 100,000 and 200,000 wintering birds each year. It's a key
piece or habitat that supports birds
which migrate each year from as far
away as Russia all the way to
Mexico. A moderate oil spillage
could have devastating results—20
gallons of oil alone could cover an
acre of water.
But this isn't the only threat to the
birds. Conversion of farmland behind the port and near Boundary
Bay to industry would amount to
taking food away from the birds.
For many birds, the farmland complements the foreshore habitat. As
Paish said, "The birds will be lost
pretty well in direct ratio to the
amount of habitat removed, whether
it's on the foreshore or inland."
Developments elsewhere have already chopped heavily into available habitat—all of San Francisco
Bay has been lost and much of
Puget Sound.
To Paish, the answer is not to
stop the superport, but to safeguard
large foreshore areas from alienation and prevent farmland being
wantonly carved up. But he is not
optimistic the provincial government will take firm action. "Recreation Minister Ken Kiernan has said
that Boundary Bay will be safeguarded and that the foreshore of
Westham Island will be reserved for
waterfowl, but try and persuade him
to put firm reserve status on them—
he won't do it," said Paish.
Measures to protect the waterfowl are important, in Paish's view,
not just so that hunters will have
something to shoot at, but so that
all people can enjoy them. Increasing numbers of city people are finding pleasure in the natural beauty
of birds and other wildlife—in
watching and photographing them.
It's all part of preserving an environment that adds to the quality of
life.
And that's what the debate over
our environment is all about. Fundamentally, critics of the Roberts
Bank superport are concerned that
the project—or any other major
development—be designed so that
natural amenities that make life enjoyable are not casually destroyed
in the pursuit of "progress."
Yet, at the root of it all, the
concern perhaps runs even deeper.
Awareness of the devastating effects
of many economic activities on
natural surroundings and wildlife
populations may be, as Paish suggests, stirring deeper chords in
people. "People are beginning to
look on wild creatures as sort of
symbolic of our own problems," he
said. "More and more I sense that
this concern for our total environment is a sort of symbolic approach
to our concern for our own survival
as a species." □
It Behooves Us To Beware The Hunters
"THE COMMON MAN is today the most fiercely hunted of all
God's creatures. He is Big Game. Nobody enjoys hunting lions
in Africa as much as The Man With A Plan does in stalking
his fellow human, the only animal known to cheer on his captor." So wrote a morose student of human affairs a few years
ago, expressing a, perhaps, unduly glum viewpoint. However,
he had a point for the citizen who has no intention of being
softened up to serve as the raw material for somebody else's
New Jerusalem. Such a recalcitrant individual keeps himself
well up on what's cooking, most conveniently through daily
reading of a good newspaper, like the Vancouver Sun, and is
always a jump ahead of the man eaters.
SEE IT IN THE
15 Super-Ideas For A Superport
Water skiing in between oil
storage tanks at a major port?
A town centre built over top of a
freeway? Sounds a bit way out,
right? Well, these are some of the
ideas developed by 43 University
of B.C. architecture students for
making the Roberts Bank superport
into a truly super port. And they
don't think their ideas are the least
bit way out. In fact, they're convinced that if the port is to enhance
rather than detract from Delta's environment, someone soon is going
to have to come up with imaginative
ideas and, above all, start planning.
As a five-week project this year,
the whole of the second-year design
class in architecture studied the
Roberts Bank superport development. Actually, two of them, David
Graham and Gordon Stene, found
the development so important that
they spent the whole year studying
it and coming up with proposals for
improving it. But why, you might
ask, architecture students?
The answer, according to UBC
associate architecture professor
Robin Clarke, chairman of the design program, is that architects today have to be concerned with far
more than problems of erecting
buildings. "Educationally," he said,
"the project was designed essentially
to develop the students' judgement
and understanding of the role of
industrial buildings in a more complex urban pattern. Architects are
no longer simply builders of buildings; they have to understand a
whole  range  of  urban  problems."
The student proposals concerned
everything from rapid transit to new
patterns of housing development.
The following are outlines of four
student plans.
In recognition of the port's importance David Graham and Gordon Stene spent the whole school
16
year developing a presentation on its
likely impact. "We concluded," said
Graham, "that it was the biggest
thing since the coming of rail to tide
water here and so we had better
continue on with it." They looked
at the economic justification for the
port, world trade patterns, the transportation revolution, Lower Mainland trends in demand for industrial
sites, housing and recreation.
The students concluded that over
the next 25 years Delta will experience intensive industrial and residential development which will
place a premium on recreational
areas. "We found that Delta possesses some amenities the city no
longer possesses in abundance and
which the Lower Mainland needs,"
said Graham. "These amenities are
a lot of ocean frontage, river frontage for fishing and marinas and
wildlife areas. We must effectively
develop and utilize these. We don't
want the port to take precedence
over everything else in the area. We
would like to see some holistic
development of the area."
Aside from the threat of pollution, the two students found little
to be concerned about with regard
to the port itself. "The port operation won't affect Delta's land area
too much," said Stene. "But the
industrial development behind the
port will either make it or break it.
It could develop into sprawl."
They have been unable to discover any plan for locating industries on the lands behind the port,
so they have developed some recommendations. First, they believe the
area should contain only export-
oriented industry; those catering to
domestic markets can find plenty
of land elsewhere in the Lower
Mainland. Second, they suggest in-
Gordon Stene (left) and David Graham (right) unroll their maps detailing
the possible impact on Delta of the superport. dustries should not be allowed to
locate at random and be linked with
the main rail line by a spaghettilike tangle of spur lines. "We advocate a road and rail loop system for
back-to-back development," said
Graham. "Industry would have its
back on a railroad line and would
front on a road. It would create a
park-like atmosphere and would
provide more efficient access."
Most suburban communities tend
not to have a heart. In the sense,
at least, of sprawling over the
countryside without developing a
defineable centre. This is true also
of Delta. As his project, Larry Mc-
Farland proposed that Delta consciously develop a centre as a way
of containing the growth to result
from the superport. He sees the
centre as an element to unite the
three residential pockets of North
Delta, Ladner and Tsawwassen.
"Roberts Bank superport is being
imposed on what is now a suburban
area," said McFarland. "As the
scale grows, people in Delta will
have less and less contact with Vancouver and New Westminster. My
feeling is that in future any possibility of urban interaction between
these people will be severely limited
unless something is done to facilitate
it. Vancouver seaport has its downtown and Roberts Bank will need
one too."
McFarland's Roberts Bank regional centre would be an integrated,
multi-level development built over
the Tsawwassen highway. It is designed to straddle the highway to
facilitate access and to eliminate
congestion normally found at intersections in traditional town centres.
The centre would have administrative offices for the port, a department store, community college, cultural centre, and retail shops strung
out on the central spine, with residential developments jutting out to
the sides in two arms. The facilities
in the centre would be located in
relation to parking on the basis of
volume of users and duration of
stay. The centre is also designed
for flexible expansion. "It was my
intention," said McFarland, "to develop a regional centre that has the
advantages of growth potential and
which offers the urban setting of
Lower Mainland communities."
Dennis Christianson developed a
novel proposal that  would permit
Architecture student Larry McFarland explams how his proposed Roberts
Bank regional centre will eliminate sprawl and congestion.
boating and water skiing in between
oil storage tanks at the port. "A
port this size would draw a fantastic
number of tourists," he said.
"Rather than develop it all for industry, I tried to combine industry
and recreation."
His scheme focussed on the
southern edge of the ultimate port
development, what is now the Tsawwassen ferry terminal. This terminal will eventually be widened to
form the third major arm of the
superport. It is also expected that
within six years an oil company will
be shipping crude oil out of the port
and will consequently have several
oil storage tanks at the port.
Christianson proposes, first, that
the ferry terminal be shifted closer
toward shore on the causeway and
angled north at about 45 degrees.
Adjacent to this would be bulk
loading facilities. "The benefits of
locating the ferry terminal there are
that it would avoid traffic backup
blocking access to the bulk loading
facilities and it would give people
a view of the port," he said. "As the
ferry left the terminal, tourists
would get a free tour of the port.
It would allow people to participate
in the port without being a hindrance."
At the tip of this causeway, Christianson envisages locating several oil
storage pods in the water. They
would be made out of soil cement,
in his scheme, and would have grass
and trees growing on their slopes,
and marinas located around their
edges. He suggests also that the
southern edge of the causeway be
developed as a linear beach and
have  a major hotel located on it.
A unique scheme for improving
Ladner and for providing low cost
housing for superport workers was
developed by another student,
Frank Koldewyn. The plan would
focus Ladner's downtown, now
rather run-down, on a re-developed,
attractive complex on the river
bank. "The town right now doesn't
relate to the waterfront at all," said
Koldewyn.
Koldewyn's plan would see the
development on the river of a commercial centre, apartments, offices,
retail stores, a sea food restaurant,
docks for fishing boats and pleasure
craft. Interestingly, he also envisaged, as part of the plan, a housing
boat community for port workers.
"I tried to maintain the character
of Ladner in developing this," said
Koldewyn. "I think the development
would go a long way toward providing housing and recreational facilities that will be needed when the
port is developed, as well as improving Ladner's waterfront."       Q
17 m&*i
f
Adventures or a
Fly-By-Night Schohr
The other day I remarked to an
acquaintance that I had got a university degree entirely by means of
part-time studies over 13 years.
My friend rose in great agitation,
strode over, and vigorously shook
my hand.
"Marvellous! Marvellous! he
said, a new look of respect filling his
eyes, quickly drained of the Fal-
staffian bonhomie inspired by a
fourth Scotch.
Now in this cynical age there is
little enough respect for anything or
anyone, especially me. So I accepted
his reverence with an engaging modesty that I have craftily picked up
along life's way, both on the street
and in the sparser groves—I know
no other—of academe. Perhaps he
was only being polite. Perhaps he
approached in a spirit of scientific
inquiry (he is a university graduate
himself) to see what a slow learner
18
looks like up close. Perhaps he had
too many Scotches.
In any event he was clearly ignorant of my course record, which
reads like a list of bad vintages:
1955, English la6 at McMaster—a
thin little wine; 1958, French la6—
a nasty bouquet; 1960, English 9 by
correspondence from Queen's—
badly corked (alas, some wines do
not travel well); 1964, Economics
357 at UBC—very vinegary. . . and
so on.
The whole caper, with its night
courses, summer courses, correspondence courses, letters of permission
and fuzzy bureaucracy, was not
merely improbable; it would have
been impossible, at least at UBC,
where I understand you must serve
at least one year full-time before
they throw the bunting over you.
In pragmatic Ontario they are
more  tolerant  of  fly-by-night  stu-
by Trevor Lautens
dents. My home school, which faithfully kept score over these 13 years
of instalment-plan learning, evidently thinks that the resulting shabbi-
ness of scholarship is more or less
balanced by the production of sheer
good character that accrues from the
exercise.
This might even be true. A certain patience is required. A stoicism.
A tenacity. Or something.
During those years I was chiefly
engaged in assaulting the newspaper
business' glacial indifference to my
talents, and grappling with the more
homespun day-to-day problems. I
gave my studies about my third-
best shot. I have only admiration for
Mr. Lautens is editor of Page Five
and author of a weekly column in
the Vancouver Sun. He earned his
BA from McMaster in 1968. those with a finer scale of values. I
was too busy ingratiating myself with
a series of city editors to do more
than pluck the lower-hanging fruits of
scholarship. Perhaps this was just as
well; if I'd tried for the big ones at
the top of the sun-drenched tree,
my intellect probably would have
melted like Icarus' wings.
On the other hand I confess to a
feeling of moral superiority over
most teachers who take the same
route. They, after all, suffer along
at least partly in hope of crass commercial gain ahead. They are not
there to learn for the sake of learn-
but to Upgrade Their Certificates,
or something like that. This gives
the enterprise an air of grubbiness,
of Babbitry, that I warmly welcomed because it gave me someone to
feel better than. (Lots of people to
feel better than; I often felt intimidated by the sheer numbers of teachers taking extension courses.)
However, I concede that gratification of my ego isn't everything, and
quite apart from that aspect I found
myself deploring their blatent anti-
intellectualism. Now I am not often
driven to defend intellectualism; 1
can barely spell the word, and am
ignorant of its consequences. Intellectuals are quite capable, maybe
too capable, of defending themselves, and need no help from mental apprentices with mail-order BA's
like me.
But the anti-intellectualism of
teachers is something else; a crystallized form of the more vaporous university-as-factory atmosphere
that threatens universities everywhere, that would roll the whole
education process into a gigantic
omnibus course: Making It 4a6.
Very well, I am exaggerating
again— and being quite unfair to
the poor teachers, probably because
the careerism of some of them is the
main example to come into my narrow purview. I may also simply be
envious. All that lovely extra money
just for taking such-and-such courses! I, on the other hand, am worth
exactly as much to my firm with a
BA as without one, and thus agreeably yield to the temptation of believing that I undertook studies
purely for love of squinting into
dusty tomes, out of rapture for the
smell of the lamp of learning, and
so forth.
In fact my motives were mixed.
Those courses in the dark of night
and the heat of summer began as a
diversion; became a mistress; ended
up an obsession. For a time I aspired to the teaching life myself-
there, that's the source of my malice
toward teachers, a secret realization
of shared guilt, like that between
Lord Jim and Gentleman Brown.
But gradually my day-to-day
work consumed me; like most of us,
I am drowning in a mediocre success; in the later years my studies
became agony, crushed into a dehumanizing schedule; finally the
diploma, fluttering a step or two
away, was nakedly sought for itself.
Merely as proof—proof that I had
passed by.
And yet I don't know. Last fall,
the diploma snared and safely hanging on a wall in a distant place, I
opened the paper and fell under
the old lure. Winter classes at UBC
starting again. Those magic, mouthwatering lists.
I enrolled. I cursed and sweated
all winter, stayed up reading until
curious hours, pieced out ragged essays. Marvellous, as my friend said?
Or masochism. Perhaps the monk
learns to love his hair shirt. □
ROME WASN'T BUILT IN  A DAY
and neither was Canada Life.
It took years of careful consideration and precise
planning.
That's the kind of attention we pay to planning the
insurance programs for our international clientele.
We've been doing just that for more than 121
years.
It's a tradition.
The good life in Canada is yours to live—through
Canada Life.
Canada Life
19 jf.-fy*.
'M*'"? "^if^'^w^
"W ■"■HJgpP** UBC SCIENCE
Explorations
And
Experiments
Scientific research at ubc takes the whole universe
for its laboratory. Whether it's a radio astronomer studying
pulsars, an educator probing human learning, an oceanographer
analyzing wave action, UBC professors are working on all
fronts to extend human knowledge. Supported by $11 million
in grants, the research varies from the pure to the applied, from
the highly controlled to the exploratory and unorthodox. Following is a small sampling.
Psychiatry professor Dr. Paul Spong
fiddles while killer whale grooves.
Professor Plays Music
To Study Whales By
By the small pool at Vancouver
Public Aquarium a bearded gnome
of a man regularly plays tape-recorded music—sometimes even a
violin—to a killer whale. A culture
fiend? No, it's assistant psychiatry
professor Dr. Paul Spong trying to
learn more about whale behavior by
studying the functioning of its sensory systems.
It all began two years ago when
Dr. Spong started studying the
vision of a dolphin and the whale,
Skana. He learned a good deal, but
the biggest discovery v*as that
whales find the standard rat psychology approach to such matters
boring.
Working with a two-year-old
whale, Dr. Spong is now studying
the whale auditory system, principally how complex an auditory stimulus the animal can discriminate.
And he's abandoned standard tests
with food rewards. He's found that
music is the best reinforcement for
shaping the whale's behavior.
21 Dr.    Spong,   above,   pipes    taped music into whale pool and, below,
tinkles   brass   bell   to   the   whale's delight.
Using taped music played
through an underwater speaker as
the reward, Dr. Spong has trained
the whale to swim around the pool
and to vocalize. Lately, he's been
grading the music reinforcement to
the whale's behavior with great
success.
"I was sitting here at the window
one evening playing a glass and a
bell into the microphone and differentially making sounds in relation to his behavior," Dr. Spong
said. "Now that animal had never in
the year that he's been here leapt out
of the water. As soon as I started
doing this, and he caught on that the
sounds I was making were related to
his behavior, he started swimming
around the pool so fast that great
waves were washing over the side.
And he started to leap up out of the
water and breach, and he came up
out of the water and breached half a
dozen times". Dr. Spong is convinced he's learning much more,
faster about whales than he could
in any other way—and the whale is
enjoying it. UBC 'Bombs' Aid
Knowledge
Explosion
The sign upon the door reads:
"Counter-revolutionary Bomb
Room. Straights, Bourgeoisie, Welcome. Fascists, too!" But behind it,
the only "bombs" that associate
geology professor Dr. Hugh Greenwood makes are those he uses in
his research into how minerals are
formed deep inside the earth. The
research is carried out by simulating the temperatures and pressures
found in the bowels of the earth.
The heart of his lab consists of
two banks of pressure vessels, one
called "furnaces", the other "garbage cans". Normal procedure is for
Dr. Greenwood, or a colleague, to
place a sample of rock or mineral
material or chemical oxides into a
platinum capsule, called a "bomb"
(they occasionally break with a
bang), and insert it into a pressure
vessel. The temperature and pressure is then stepped up to simulate
conditions within the earth, giving
information at what point certain
minerals break down or chemicals
crystallize into minerals.
"All our metallic minerals ultimately come from the depths of the
earth and it's a prime question to
know in what manner they arrive at
the surface and then in what manner
they are concentrated into a form
that is concentrated enough to be
worth mining," Dr. Greenwood
said. "If we know these things, we
have a much better likelihood of
looking for them in an intelligent
way."
Getting experiment underway, above, Dr. Hugh Greenwood (centre) and
post-doctoral fellow Dr. Terry Gordon study gauges for the pressure
vessels. Below Dr. Greenwood plants a "bomb" in a "garbage can" to
subject a mineral to subterranean temperature and pressure. Above, electrical engineer Dr. John Macdonald (left) and technologist Ron Spils-
bury (right) check circuits in St. Paul's computer. Below, pathologist Dr. Richard
Pearce (left), St. Paul's chief biochemist Dr. C. K. Harris (centre) and assistant
biochemist Elaine Duke (right) discuss linking autoanalyzers with the computer.
Team Automating
Hospital Testing
What has an electrical engineer
got in common with a clinical pathologist? When it comes to Dr. John
Macdonald of UBC's electrical engineering department and Dr. Richard Pearce of pathology, it's an
interest in using computer technology to make hospital operation more
efficient. They united forces two
years ago in a research-development
project aimed at automating St.
Paul's Hospital clinical laboratory.
Using their complementary knowledge, they have developed a relatively cheap and flexible system of
computerizing testing and data
handling in a hospital lab. Total cost
of the system for development and
computer hardware is $150,000,
compared to about $3 million for a
typical commercial system. They are
now ironing out kinks in the program prior to starting the first phase
of automated operation.
Under the system, most regular
tests will be automatically conducted by analyzing equipment, the results will be fed into the computer
and a record will be printed out. At
the end of the day, completely updated records will be printed out for
patients who have been treated during the day, greatly reducing the
volume of paper. The system is designed to be operated by ordinary
lab technicians and for easy adaptation to any hospital.
Because of their work, the two
scientists have been in demand to
chair symposiums in such places as
Montreal, the Mayo Clinic and the
National Institute of Health in
Washington, D.C. Engineers Studying
Automation Methods
UBC mechanical engineering students are getting right up-to-date
preparation for the age of automation thanks largely to the department head's research project. Dr.
James Duncan received a National
Research Council grant for studies
aimed at discovering the stiffest yet
lightest support structure for mirrors sent up in orbiting astronomical
telescopes. For intricate machining,
the project necessitated a $11,500
numerically controlled (automated,
to you) cutting machine—and the
spin-off is a revamped educational
program.
In effect, the machine is a large
drill press which does what it's told
by a computer. Dr. Duncan is using
it to make models in exploring
variations of the "Michell structure"
(an intricate spider web-like form)
as a support to keep an orbiting mirror steady and prevent it changing
shape once it's free of earth's gravity. The machine will be used to
make the inflector for the TRIUMF
accelerator also; other people are
interested in it for making heart
valve ducts and aerodynamic models
All third-year mechanical engineering students learn to program
and to use the equipment—a first in
Canada. This is a vitally important
step to Dr. Duncan. "The movement toward automation of machine
processes started in the 1950s," he
said, "and it's getting to the point
where more than 50 per cent—
probably 75 per cent—of all machine tools will be operated by this
means in future. I want these students to be acquainted with this
trend." □
Watching automated machine operate, above, are mechanical engineering
head Dr. James Duncan (left) and technician John Hoar. Below, Dr. Duncan displays some of the complex models created by the machine. Alumni News
Walter Gage
Named Sixth
UBC President
The man who has often been called, "Mr. UBC", and "Dean of
Everything", is now the sixth president of the University of B.C. Walter Gage was officially installed in
the office by outgoing Chancellor
John Buchanan at UBC's annual
Congregation ceremonies on May
28.
The ceremony climaxed 48 years
on the UBC campus as student,
professor and administrator. He was
welcomed to the post by a standing
ovation from about 2,100 graduating students and spectators following the ceremony in UBC's War
Memorial Gymnasium. President
Gage, whose most recent titles were
dean of inter-faculty and student affairs and acting president, was named president in April after the resignation of Dr. Kenneth Hare.
The 64-year-old president spoke
briefly following his installation.
Gage said anyone assuming an administrative post owes much to his
predecessors, and paid tribute to the
five men who have served as president since UBC's beginning in 1915.
He had a special tribute for Dr.
Hare, who served less than a year
after being plagued by ill health.
"The warmth of his personality,"
said Gage, "and his extraordinary
understanding of the problems of
the contemporary university helped
us immensely over a difficult period
of our history."
A native of Vancouver, President
Gage received his bachelor and master of arts degrees from UBC in
mathematics and physics. He began
teaching mathematics at UBC in
1926. His superlative teaching record was recognized last December
when he became the first recipient
of the UBC Master Teacher Award.
Also during Congregation, Allan
M. McGavin, was officially installed
as chancellor of UBC. McGavin has
been a member of the UBC board of
governors for three years and has
been co-chairman of the Three-
University Capital Fund since 1964.
26
President Walter Gage speaks to the 1969 Congregation after being welcomed to his new post with a standing ovation.
Hebenton Elected New Alumni President
THE NEW PRESIDENT of the
UBC Alumni Association is
Sholto Hebenton, BA'57, BA (Oxford)'59, BCL (Oxford)'60, LLM
(Harvard)'61. Hebenton, a Vancouver lawyer, was elected by acclamation to the position for 1969-70
at the annual alumni meeting May
7. He replaces Stan Evans, BA'41,
BEd'44, in the post.
Hebenton has been active in the
alumni association for several years.
Most recently, he was third vice-
president of the association and two
years ago he was chairman of the
branches committee. He has also
been active in the government relations committee, being chairman of
a group which prepared an alumni
brief to the Perry Committee on
Inter-University Relations during
the past year.
Another highlight of the annual
meeting was the presentation of the
Alumni Award of Merit to noted
Canadian humorist and playwright,
Eric Nicol, BA'41, MA'48. A columnist for the Vancouver Province
for the past 18 years, Nicol is the
author of numerous books, TV and
radio scripts and plays, and a three-
time winner of the Leacock Medal
for Humor.
Recognition was also paid to student achievement by the annual
meeting. Alumni Awards of Student
Merit, each carrying a $50 book
prize, were made to graduate political science student Don Munton and
to third-year rehabilitation medicine
student Anne Smith. The keynote
address at the annual meeting was
given by Stanley Burke, BSA'48,
host of CBC-TV's National News.
The other key members of the
new executive elected at the annual
meeting are: first vice-president, T.
Barrie Lindsay, BCom'58; second
vice-president, Frank C. Walden,
BA'49; third vice-president, Mrs.
Frederick Field, BA'42; and treasurer, William Redpath, BCom'47. Charlotte Warren
New Face For
UBC Alumni Fund
THE UBC ALUMNI FUND is
going to make use of a little
feminine charm in its campaign this
year. It's going to be supplied by
Charlotte Warren, BCom'58, who
has been named chairman of the
class agent-faculty program. She will
coordinate direct mail appeals by
class agents and faculty deans as
part of the Alumni Fund campaign
to raise $250,000 in 1969.
A former school teacher, Miss
Warren is now with World-Wide
International Travel. She served as
alumni representative on the Women's Athletic Committee for seven
years. She said she was eager to help
the Alumni Fund since it had helped
the Women's Athletic Committee—
lately with grants of about $1,500
annually. "I don't think you can
continue to go on asking for funds,
you've got to do something," she
said. "That may sound terribly virtuous, but I feel you've got to pull
your weight in raising some of that
money."
On another matter, the Alumni
Fund has enabled 15 UBC forestry
students to participate in a summer-
long education tour of Europe. The
Fund contributed $2,000 toward
the students' transportation costs,
matching another $2,000 contributed by Walter Koerner, Chairman
of the Board of Governors. The tour
is designed to give the students insight into European methods in
forestry genetics. □
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27 Spotlight
Dr. Hugh Keenleyside,(centre), is installed as Chancellor of Notre Dame
University by Bishop W. E. Doyle (right), assisted by Rev. Aquinas Thomas.
The fine art of being a university
chancellor has two new initiates. At
Notre Dame University in Nelson, B.C.
Dr. Hugh L. Keenleyside, BA'20, PhD
(Clark), LLD'45, retired co-chairman of
the B.C. Hydro, was recently installed as
chancellor, the first non-cleric to hold
the post. The election for chancellor at
Simon Fraser University was won by
Kenneth Caple, BSA'26, MSA'27, former
head of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation in B.C. He will take office in
June with the official installation to follow at a later date. Both new chancellors have considerable experience in university government, having served on
the senate at UBC. Mr. Caple is a former member of the board of governors
at UBC and Dr. Keenleyside has been on
the boards at Clark and Carleton universities.
'19-27
At the end of June, Richard Conrad
Emmons, BA'19, MA'20, PhD(Wiscon.)
retires after 45 years on the faculty at
the University of Wisconsin where he
has been a teacher, researcher and administrator in the department of geology and geophysics. He has published
over 50 papers on his research into the
origins of granite and the relationship of
its overall origins to major regional
earth structure. He was appointed professor in 1936 and served as department
head for 15 years. One course that he
initiated in the 1920's on gems and precious stones and taught for the last time
this year, gave him an additional duty to
perform—as he says 'as Cupid's little
helper'. He would be asked to give his
approval on the engagement rings that
his students were buying. His retirement
plans include work on two books on
28
geology and some mountain climbing—a
very suitable hobby for a geologist. . . .
Mrs. C. Douglas Stevenson, BA'27, (Anne
MacKenzie), was the only B.C. school
trustee to attend the Canadian Education Association conference held during
May in Banff. . . . Dorothy Walsh, BA
'23, MA(Toronto), PhD(Bryn Mawr), recently retired from the faculty at Smith
College, is the author of a new book,
Literature and Knowledge, published by
Wesleyan University Press.
'30-33
Mrs. Harold Newcomb, BA'30, LLB
'50, (Mary F. McQuarrie) is on the staff
of the chief clerk of the Iowa House of
Representatives. In her fourth session as
engrossing clerk she looks after all the
legislative bills and keeps track of what
she calls 'the action' in the permanent
book. She has also served in the legislative research bureau and as committee
clerk for the  chairman of the judiciary
Dr. Richard C. Emmons
committee. . . . Edith J. Green, BA'31,
BLS, MSN(U of Wash.), PhD(Indiana),
associate professor at the school of nursing of Indiana University has taken on
the additional duties of assistant dean for
academic programs at the school. Before
joining the faculty in 1958 she spent two
years at the University of Alexandria in
Egypt, setting up a regional college of
nursing for the World Health Organization. . . . One of the world's leading
geneticists, I. Michael Lerner, BSA'31,
MSA'32, PhD(California), DSc'62, chairman of the department of genetics at
Berkeley, has been awarded the Weldon
Memorial Prize from Oxford. The award
is given for the most outstanding contribution to biometric science in the
previous six years. . . . Douglas McK.
Brown, BA'33, has joined the board of
directors of Wall & Redekop Corp. Ltd.
. . . The number of female public principals in the Vancouver area remains at
one with a retirement and a new appointment. Kathleen Reynolds, BA'33,
MA'43, has retired as principal of the
Queensbury elementary school in North
Vancouver after 45 years of teaching.
Christine Swanson, MEd'68, becomes
the first woman principal in over 30
years in the Vancouver school system.
For the past year she has been vice-
principal at Sir Wilfred Grenfell elementary school. Dudley Lucas, BA'49, BEd
'60, Kenneth M. Macpherson, BA'54,
BEd'58 and Robert Austin Muir, BA'57,
BEd'59, MEd'67 were appointed principals at the same time.
'36-39
Lyle Creelman, BASc'36, is looking
ahead to a well-earned but busy retirement, after 15 years with the nursing
division of the World Health Organization. As head of the section since 1954
she has become a true globetrotter,
visiting the more than 70 countries
where WHO nurses are helping with the
development of nursing schools or working with local nurses to improve nursing
services and public health on both the
national and local levels. Her first retirement project is a survey for WHO of
Dr. 1. Michael Lerner Robert G. McElhanney
services in south east Asia. . . . Bruce A.
Robinson, BA'36, BASc'36, professor and
head of the department of commerce at
Acadia University, represented UBC at
the installation of Henry P. MacKeen as
the first chancellor at Acadia. . . . Albert
C. Lake, BA'38, an authority on the
operation and design of libraries, will be
designing the new civic library at Fuller-
ton, California. He is presently on the
staff of the library at Riverside. . . . Jack
J. R. Campbell, BSA'39, PhD(Cornell),
head of the microbiology department at
UBC, has been awarded the Harrison
Prize by the Royal Society of Canada for
his work in non-medical bacteriology.. ..
Robert G. McElhanney, BASc'39, has
been elected vice-president of Dorr-Oliver Inc. He has been general manager of
the process equipment division since
1966. He will continue to be responsible
for the division as well as for development planning. Before moving to the
USA he was vice-president of their
Canadian subsidiary and is still a director
of that company.
'40-45
Alumni association past president
Stan Evans, BA'40, BEd'43, will be keeping his presidential talents in trim over
the next year as the newly elected president of the Rotary Club of Vancouver.
. . . Thomas H. Anstey, BSA'41, MSA'43,
PhD(Minnesota), director of the federal
department of agriculture research station at Lethbridge has been appointed
assistant director-general of the research
branch. From headquarters in Ottawa he
will be in charge of the western Canadian research operations. He is presently
in England on a six month Nuffield
travelling fellowship studying research
management in universities, government
and private institutions. . . . Joseph M.
Adam, BCom'42, has been elected vice-
president and director of trade relations
for the R. T. French Company. He has
been with the company for over twenty
years, and was most recently general
sales manager at their Mustard Street
office. . . . Robert K. Porter, BCom'42,
president of the Thomas J. Lipton company has been elected president of the
Grocery Products Manufacturers of Canada. . . . Daniel P. Tatroff, BA'43, BEd
'58, MEd'68, who was awarded the UBC
Stan Evans
summer school association prize in 1968
for his work in the education master's
program also received a French ministry
of foreign affairs scholarship for two
months study in France. ... J. David
King, BCom'45, BSA'45, industrial development agent with the B.C. Hydro
has now added some new responsibilities
as executive secretary of the B.C Harbours Board. The harbours board is
handling the provincial aspects of the
Roberts Bank superport development.
. . . Leonard G. Wannop, BASc'45 and
his family are now living in Marsa El
Brega, Lybia, where he is plant manager
for Esso Lybia. This position includes
supervision of a new $300 million natural
gas plant as well as the refinery and
other installations.
'46-'47
Rhys D. Bevan, BASc'46, general
manager of the industrial chemicals division of Canadian Industries Ltd. has
been elected a director of the Chlorine
Institute. He has been active in several
professional organizations including a
term as founding chairman of the chemical economics division of the Chemical
Institute of Canada. . . . Oswald K.
Miniato, BASc'46, MASc'47, is now
manager of the manufacturing, transportation and marketing division of the
planning and economics department in
the head office of Shell Canada. He was
previously refinery superintendent at
Shell's Oakville operation. . . . Anthony
D. Scott, BCom'46, BA'47, AM(Har-
vard), PhD(London), professor of econo-
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29 Dr. Albert L. Babb
mics at UBC, has been elected a Fellow
of the Royal Society of Canada. He recently resigned after four years as head
of the economics department to spend
more time on teaching and research. . . .
Alumni association treasurer William E.
Redpath, BCom'47, has been named
chairman of the board and chief executive officer of Can-Am Systems.
48-49
Albert L. Babb, BASc'48, MS, PhD
(Illinois), has been named Engineer of
the Year by the Washington Society of
Professional Engineers. The award recognizes his work on processing nuclear fuel
elements as well as his discovery of a
new early detection technique for cystic
fibrosis. Another area of his research has
been designing improved components for
the artificial kidney machine. A result of
his work has been the establishment of a
division of bio-engineering to co-ordinate the use of engineering, mathematics
and physics in helping to develop new
types of equipment for biology and
medical research. Dr. Babb has been a
faculty member at the University of
Washington since 1952 and is currently
chairman of the department of nuclear
engineering and professor of chemical
engineering. . . . William A. Bain, BASc
'48, MASc'50, is now in New York where
he is working on a special assignment
with Standard Oil. For the last four
years he has been executive vice-president of Building Products of Canada in
Montreal. . . . Something new in British
television is daytime programming for
women. The commercial network's planning for these programs is under the
direction of Mrs. Michael Barnes, BA'48
(Elizabeth Cowley). During the past
season she has produced a nightly magazine-type program and she hopes to update and expand programming that she
says 'has either been old fashioned or
non-existent.' . . . Trial by jury in the
Langley family and children's courts has
occasionally meant a juvenile jury if
Judge Leslie M. McDonald, LLB'48, has
been presiding. He has recommended
that his experiment be continued after
he leaves to take up a new appointment to the county court in New Westminster. . . . Interested in old books and
30
Ronald J. Baker
Africana? If so you might visit the new
bookstore that Mrs. Simon Ottenberg,
BA'48 (O. Nora J. Clark) has opened in
Seattle. She will be specializing in the
social sciences and 'anything on Africa'.
. . . Donald A. Smith, BA'48, PhD(To-
ronto), has been named a senior laboratory head at the Kodak research laboratory in Rochester. He has been with the
company since 1951 and was previously
head of the polymer vehicles section.
Charles F. Armstrong, BCom'49, is
now head of transportation with the
Canadian National Railway. He has held
several senior posts in his 16 years with
CN, most recently as area manager in
southwest Ontario. . . . Frank G. P.
Lewis, BA'49, LLB'50, was recently
elected president of the John Howard
Society of Canada. . . . Douglas U. Tate,
BSA'49, has been named vice-president,
marketing, for McNeil Laboratories
(Canada) Ltd. He has been a member of
the board of directors since 1967.
'50-52
John T. Carson, BA'50, MBA(West.
Ont.) has been appointed director of
marketing for Alberta Distillers Ltd. . . .
A new university and a new president. . .
when the University of Prince Edward
Island is formed this summer through
the merger of St. Dunstan's University
and Prince of Wales College its president
will be Ronald J. Baker, BA'51, MA'53.
One of the original faculty members at
Thomas J. Campbell
Simon Fraser University, he was head of
the English department, director of academic planning and a senate member
before beginning a research sabbatical in
England last fall. . . . Lorna J. Sager, BA
'51, is now chief librarian at the Barnes
Library at the University of Birmingham. Previously she was education librarian at the University of Alberta. . . .
Brien Wygle, BASc'51, was the flight
engineer on the first flight of the Boeing
747 jumbo jet. He is a test pilot and
assistant director of flight operations for
Boeing in Seattle.
One large omission in Spotlight's
review of the Vancouver civic election—
there was no mention of Tom Terrific—
who is as well known as Thomas J.
Campbell, LLB'52, who was overwhelmingly elected to his second term as
mayor of Vancouver—our apologies to
his fan club. . . . Donald J. Hudson, BA
'52, has recently returned from Toronto
to be general manager for the Vancouver area Eaton's stores. A former member of the alumni board of management,
he was previously merchandising manager of Eaton's central division. . . . Robert V. Zellinsky, BASc'52, has been
appointed general sales manager for
Bingham Pump Co. Ltd.
'53-'55
John L. Davies, BA'53, LLB'54, who
has been practising law in Burnaby has
been appointed a magistrate in Vancouver. . . . Harold E. Hatt, BA'53 PhD
(Vanderbilt) and his family will be spending the next year in Paris where he will
be doing research on a post doctoral
fellowship from the American Association of Theological Schools. . . . John W.
Hogan, BASc'53, has recently joined the
staff of L. J. Manning & Associates. He
was a pioneer of the Elliott Lake uranium camp and has had experience in
exploration and mining geology all over
North America as well as overseas. . . .
Richard I. Nelson, BASc'53, MBA(Har-
vard) has been named president and chief
executive officer of British Columbia
Packers Ltd. Previously he was president
of Nelson Bros. Fisheries, a subsidiary
firm. . . . William E. Philpott, LLB'53,
who practised law for many years in
Vancouver and was well known in labour
arbitrations    has    been    appointed    a
James W'. Killeen family court judge in Nanaimo	
James W. Killeen, BA'54, MEd'62, vice-
principal at John Oliver secondary school
in Vancouver has been elected president
of the B.C. Teachers' Federation for the
coming year. For the past two years he
has been the education degree representative on the alumni board of management.
Donald P. MacKinnon, BASc'54, is
now back in Vancouver as assistant
manager for Canadian National Railways. He was previously in charge of a
corporate long-range planning group at
the CN research and development department in Montreal. . . . Newest of
B.C.'s new look in political leaders is
Thomas R. Berger, BA'55, LLB'56. He
was elected leader of the provincial NDP
party at their recent convention in Vancouver. He now becomes the leader of
the opposition in the legislature. . . .
Mark M. deWeerdt, LLB'55, who is practising law in Yellowknife is now Queen's
Counsel. . . . Patrick E. Peacock-Loukes,
BArch'55, has been appointed project
director on the architectural staff of
Edmundson, Kochendoefer, Kennedy &
Daniel, a Portland consulting firm specializing in comprehensive industrial and
architectural design. . . . Joe D. Quan,
BCom'55, is now with West-East Realty
Co. Ltd. He will be establishing an investment-commercial-industrial division
for the company as well as acting as
sales manager and co-ordinator.
'56-59
Keith J. Bennett, BCom'56, is now
assistant manager of Forest Industrial
Relations Ltd. . . . T. Roland Fredriksen,
BASc'56, MASc(Purdue) has been appointed vice-president, engineering for
Electroglas Inc. in California. An internationally known expert on closed loop
control of motors, he was with IBM
before joining Electroglas in 1967 as
electrical engineering manager. He has
made numerous contributions to technical publications and has six patents
(with four more pending) on his electrical inventions. . . . Dr. James Alan Herd,
MD'56, has been appointed associate
professor of physiology at Harvard medical school. . . . Michael A. Williams,
BCom'56, has been named treasurer and
manager   of   accounting   for   Canadian
Thomas R. Berger
Delhi  Oil  Ltd.  .   .   .  Burke  C.  Corbet,
BASc'57, MBA(West. Ont.) is now in
Vancouver as western associate for
Canadian Enterprises Corporation Ltd.
. . . Thomas A. Criol, BASc'57, MASc'59,
and Perry W. Nelson, BSA'53 have been
awarded Sloan Fellowships for the coming year at the Sloan school of management at MIT. . . . Robert W. Maier, BA
'57, MBA(West. Ont.) has been appointed executive vice-president of Honig-
Cooper & Harrington advertising agency
in San Francisco.
New appointments to the St. Paul's
Hospital Board include Mrs. Donald C.
Cook, BEd'58 (Thelma Sharp), D. Ross
Fitzpatrick, BCom'58, and A. Gordon
Armstrong, LLB'59. Chairman of the
board is Harry L. Purdy, BA'26. Mrs.
Cook's appointment is rather unique as
she is the first woman, other than the
sisters of the order that founded St.
Paul's in 1894 to sit on the board. ... A
letter from behind 'the silence curtain'
surrounding Biafra has come in from Dr.
Ania Nnubia, MD'58. He tells of how
the events of the war have affected the
lives of his countrymen and how he has
joined the militia in what he calls a
total effort by every Biafran. Dr. Nnubia enclosed a list of badly needed medical supplies—further information and
copies of the letter are available from
Dean McCreary of Medicine. . . .
Ralph R. Brown, BCom'59, has been
elected a director and vice-president of
E. A. Whitehead Ltd. He was previously
B.C. manager for the insurance firm. . . .
Dr. Douglas B. Clement, BSc(U of Oregon), MD'59, was one of five Canadians
to receive the Vanier Outstanding
Young Men's Award for 1968. A former
Olympic team member, he is president of
the B.C. Track and Field Association
and head of the department of medicine
at Richmond General Hospital. . . .
Robert N. Pollard, BA'59, MEd'68, has
joined the faculty at McGill as assistant
professor and director of the instructional media centre in the Faculty of
Education.
60-62
Edwin R. Black, BA(West. Ont.), MA-
'60, PhD(Duke), is leaving the political
science department at Queen's University  to  be  director  of  a  new  research
TONI CAVELTI
717 SEYMOUR ST.
1581-9716
A. H. B. W0THERSP00N
B.Comm., B.A., F.I.I.C.
Insurance Broker
Yorkshire House
900 West Pender St
Vancouver 1, B.C.  682-7748
PITMAN BUSINESS
COLLEGE
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1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
738-7848
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
Principal
Write or Phone
THE UNIVERSITY BOOK STORE
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
BOOKS
Text
Trade
Medical
Technical
Hard Back
Paper Back
31 organization for the Progressive Conservative Party. . . . Gordon E. Forward,
"BASc'60, MASc'62, PhD(MIT), is now
technical section head corporate development, for the Lake Ontario Steel
Company. Previously he was senior research engineer with the Steel Company
of Canada in Hamilton.
David M. Howard, BCom'61, is now
controller of United Provincial Investments Ltd. Nelson M. Skalbania, BASc
'61, MSc(Cal Tech), who has specialized
in earthquake resistant designs in high
rise buildings, is vice-president at UPI.
... A new law practice—Jacobsen, Drys-
dale, Mackey & Hemsworth—has been
set up in Vancouver. Roy B. Jacobsen,
LLB'61, will do corporate and real
estate law; John A. W. Drysdale, BA'49,
LLB'52, a former member of parliament,
specializes in immigration law; J. Michael Mackey, BA'61, LLB'64, corporation and securities commission law and
H. Barry Hemsworth, BCom'64, LLB'65
specializes in securities commission law
and 'dabbles' in criminal law. . . . The
architect for the B.C. pavilion—or
rather sculpture—at Expo 70 is Barclay
McLeod, BArch'61.
David M. Ezart, BASc'62, is now
production manager with Smith Lithograph in Vancouver. . . . Stephen W.
Hagemoen, BASc'62, senior electrical
engineer with Universal Dynamics Ltd.
has recently been appointed a director of
the firm. . . . Robert E. McKechnie,
BASc'62, PhD(Berkeley) is now on the
faculty of engineering at McGill. . . .
Thomas H. Woodside, BA'62, has been
■*■»■"«*&
Ross P. Fraser
named director of advertising and special services for Canadian Motor Industries Ltd.
63-68
John E. Kepper, BCom'63, is teaching
business administration at the University of Western Ontario. . . . Terence M.
Gordon, BASc'64, MSc(Princeton) has
been awarded his doctorate in geological
and geophysical sciences from Princeton. . . . Beverly J. Ketchen, BA'64, MSc
(Wisconsin) is with the Western Institute for the Deaf in Vancouver as
clinical audiologist.
Beverly J. Ketchen
UBC's contingent at the CUSO office
in Ottawa is growing—a former volunteer and co-ordinator in Dar-es-Salaam,
Rudy Carter, BA'65, is assistant to the
director of the east and central Africa
programme. Brian Marson, BA'62, MA
'64, one of the original CUSO volunteers
returned from New Delhi last year
where he was in charge of CUSO's India
operation to become director of the Asia
program. Jim Ward, BSA'64, spent four
years in India working with farmers to
improve farming methods. He returned
to Canada last October to be CUSO's
agricultural consultant. Another member of the CUSO team, but abroad is
Christopher M. Brown, BA'65, who is
field officer  in Tanzania.  .  .   .  Kyle R.
rrmrr
Export A
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Phone:
Regency Caterers
1626 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
731-8141
32 Lynton S. Gromley
Mitchell, BCom'65, LLB'66, has joined
the National Student Marketing organization in New York as director of
personnel.
An experiment in tropical living is
ahead for Mrs. Henry Riese, BHE'66.
(Judy Gaudin) and her husband. They
have taken on the project of developing
1,000 acres of plantation on the island of
Curacao in the Netherlands Antilles.
Ross P. Fraser, BA(Sir Geo. Williams).
MA'67, is now dean of student and college affairs at Selkirk College, Castlegar.
He joined the faculty in 1966 to teach
Fnglish and last year was appointed
administrative assistant to the principal.
Lynton S. Gromley, BASc'68, who is
working on his doctorate in chemical
engineering at UBC has been awarded a
$4,000 Shell Canada fellowship which is
tenable   for   three   years.
Births
mr. and MRS. STUART R. boisvhrt, (She-
lagh Goodman, BA'64), a son, Wesley
Michael Stuart, October 25, 1968 in
Vankleek Hill, Ontario.
mr. and mrs. w. hunt, (Miriam Shep-
pard, BHE'62), a daughter, Susan
Leigh, March 26, 1969, in Sarnia
Ontario.
mr. and MRS. BRIAN c. IRWIN, BA'62,
LLB'65 (Maureen Irving, BA'63), a
son, March 26,  1969 in   Vancouver.
Marriages
lonsdall-gigulre. Cliff Lonsdale, to
Rosea Giguere. BA'66, May 17, 1969
in Toronto.
souders-curtis. John Martin Souders,
to Lucy Bronwen Curtis, BA'64, February 1, 1969 in Alexandria, Virginia.
viCKiiRs-iRKMin.i.Y. D. Neil Vickers,
BA'63 to Jo-Anne Lucille Trembley,
December 28, 1968 in Victoria.
Deaths
1920s
Jack McDougall Arkley, BA'23, March
1969 in Vancouver. Survived by his wife.
daughter, son-in-law and two brothers,
Stanley, BA'25 and Heileman, BA'25.
Dr. Henry Roy L. Davis, BSA'21, MD,
CM(McGill), January 1969 in Vancouver. He is survived by his wife.
John Denzil Jones, BA'24, March 1969
in Cloverdale, B.C. During his career he
was a teacher, principal and later a
professor at the Seminary of Christ the
King.
Dr. Charles D. MacKenzie, BSA'29.
MSA'32, PhD(Alta.), April 1969 in Fort
Langley, B.C. Dr. MacKenzie had been
on sick leave from UBC where he was
professor of animal husbandry and assistant dean of agriculture. He was with
the federal department of agriculture
from 1935 to 1950 with the exception of
service in the Signal Corps in the Second
World War. He is survived by his wife,
daughter, three sons and sisters; Margaret, BA'30, Mary, BA'23, and Mrs. R.
C. Armstrong (Dorothy), BASc'31.
L. Frank Pumphrey, BA'23, March
1969 in Vancouver. Survived by a brother and two sisters (Avis, BA'27).
Dr. Christopher Riley, BA(McMaster),
MA'29, PhD(Chicago), March 1969 in
Vancouver. Dr. Riley was an outstanding
mining geologist whose work as a consultant had taken him all over Canada
and to many parts of the world. He
served terms as president of the B.C.
section of the Canadian Institute of
Mining and Metallurgy and of the B.C.
& Yukon Chamber of Mines. Survived by
his wife, daughter, brothers and sister.
Dr. Jack William Shier, BA'23, August 1968 in Vancouver. He is survived
by his wife (Grace I.  Hilton, BASc'30).
Ernest F. Wilks, BASc'26, March 1969
in Vancouver. During his career as a
professional engineer he was with Canadian General Electric and later with the
B.C. Electric Co. before starting his own
firm—Mctalspray Co. in Vancouver in
1936. He served in both world wars—in
the Imperial Army as a lieutenant in the
first war and as a squadron leader with
the RCAF in the second. Following the
war he joined the public service of
Canada and was in charge of marine
plant & dredges at Vancouver. He retired in 1955 and returned to UBC two
years later to do post-graduate work in
geology. He is survived by a nephew.
1930s
Everett R. Bewell, MSA'31. April
1965  in Victoria.
Virginia Glostcr, BA'32. February
1969 in New Westminster. B.C.
Kenny N. Stewart, BA'32, February
1969 in Edmonton, Alberta. He was
president and managing director ot
Trites-Wood Co. Ltd.. a department
store company in the Kootenay district.
His most recent community activities
included chairmanship of the Fernie
Hospital Board, director of the Fernie
Rotary Club and Board of Trade and
commissioner of the East Kootenay Boy
Scouts. He was a member of the Canadian Institute of Mining and Metallurgy
and had been on the staff of the federal
Bureau of Mines in the early 1940's. He
is survived by his wife, daughter and
three sons.
Mrs. Alfred Watts, (Rosalind Young).
BA'33, March 1969 in West Vancouver.
She carried on her family's tradition of
public service as a founding member of
the West Vancouver Memorial Library,
the pension appeal tribunal in Vancouver, an active worker for the North
Shore Community Chest and the Family
Service Agency in Vancouver. She is
survived by her husband, Magistrate Alfred Watts, BCom'32, a daughter, Mrs.
J. F. Hutchinson (Patricia), BCom'63,
and three sons, Peter, BCom'67, LLB'68,
Richard and Robert.
Mrs. Thomas P. Wilson, (Kathleen
Sybil Webb), BA'36, April 1969 in
Vinsulla, B.C.
Judge Frank Wilson, BSc(Durham).
MA'37, December 1968 in Chilliwack,
B.C. He was born in England and came
to Canada in 1923 to teach agricultural
science at the University of Saskatchewan. After a period with the Bell
Telephone Co. he attended UBC to
obtain his teaching certificate. His
teaching career lasted ten years—from
Mats qui School, to Prince George High
School where he was principal, to UBC
where he lectured in the department of
education. In 1941 he became an articled
student in Chilliwack and was called to
the Bar four years later. An active community worker, he was a member of the
ChilKwack School Board for 16 years and
was i past president of the B.C. School
Trustees Association and the Chilliwack
Board of Trade. He was appointed to
the bench of the county court of Westminster in 1967. After Judge Wilson's
death the court held a special sitting to
pay tribute to his outstanding contributions and service to the Bar. He is survived by his wife and two daughters.
John J. West, BA'38. February 1969 in
Vancouver. He was vice-president and
director of Wood, Gundy Securities Ltd.
and of Douglas Lake Cattle Ranch Co.
Ltd. At UBC he had been a member of
the rowing crew and participated in tennis and cross-country skiing. He is survived by his wife, son, daughter and
sister.
1940s
Rev. Alex Campbell Aicken, BA'43,
January 1966 in Brigden, Ontario.
Frederick Small, BA'43. BASc'44, February 1969 in Vancouver. He was a
mechanical engineer at the B.C. Sugar
Refinery and a member of the Professional Engineering Institute of B.C. He
is survived by his wife (Lauretta S.
Roberts, BA'31) and four children (Elizabeth, BEd'68).
Esther Grace Harrop, BA(Queen's),
BEd'46, March 1969 in Vancouver.
She retired in 1958 after a teaching
career of over 30 years with the Vancouver School Board. For the next five
years she headed the teachers' professional library at the school board office
as well as editing the book review section of the B.C. Teacher. She is survived
by a brother and sister.
John H. Fish, BCom'48, BA'49, September 1967 in Ottawa, Ontario.
33 Frank M. Latin, BCom'48, April 1969
in Williams Lake, B.C. He was manager
of H. J. Gardner & Sons Building Supplies Ltd. and is survived by his wife and
brother.
Cameron A. Maddin, BCom'48, November 1968 in West Vancouver.
Gordon C. Pike, BA'48, MA'51, April
1969 in Nanaimo. He was on the staff of
the Nanaimo biological research station
of the Fisheries Research Board of
Canada. He is survived by his sister.
Chester H. Millar, BSP'49, BEd'64,
April 1969 in Salmon Arm, B.C. He was
a teacher in the Salmon Arm district
and a former alumni branch contact. He
is survived by his wife and two children.
'50-'60
Robert Henry Cars well, BASc'53,
April 1969 in Vancouver.
Murray R. Euler, BCom'52, January
1969 in Vancouver. He was a department manager with Woodward's stores
and is survived by riis mother.
Mrs. Helen Lowes Worthington, BHE
'59, November 1968 in London, England.
She is survived by her sister, Betty D.
Lowes, BA'48, BSW'49.
Ralph A. Green, BASc'65, December
1968 in Victoria. He was an officer with
the federal department of trade and
commerce and is survived by his father.
Thomas Peters, BEd'61, MEd'68,
April 1969 in Burnaby. He was a teacher
at Killarney High School in Vancouver
and is survived by his wife.
Alumni Directory
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
EXECUTIVE COMMITTEE
president:    Sholto    Hebenton,    BA'57,
BA, BCL(Oxon.), LLM(Harvard)
past  president:   Stanley  Evans,  BA'41,
BEd'44
first   vice-president:   T.   Barrie   Lindsay, BCom'58
second     vice-president:      Frank      C.
Walden, BA'49
third   vice-president:    Mrs.   Frederick
Field, BA'42
treasurer:      William      E.      Redpath.
BCom'47
members-at-large:
Peter Forward, BCom'53; Dr. Walter G.
Hardwick,  BA'54. MA'58, PhD(Minn.)
William E. MacDonald, BA'63, LLB'66
Nicholas   E.   Omelusik,   BA'64,   BLS'66
Mrs. Mary S. Grantham, BA'57; George
Morfitt. BCom'58; M. Murray McKenzie,
BASc'58; John  R.  P.  Powell, BASc'45.
ex-oeficio members:
Robert Johnson, BA'63, LLB'67; Stanley
Arkley, BA'25.
BOARD OF MANAGEMENT
DEGREE REPRESENTATIVES
Agriculture: Alex Green, '50; Architecture: Ronald K. Nelson, '56; Arts:
Graham Nixon. '65; Commerce: D. Ross
Fitzpatrick. '58; Dentistry: John R.
Gercsak '70; Education: James Killeen,
'62; Engineering: Russell Fraser. '58;
Forestry: Robert S. Wood, '54; Home
Economics: Jan Peskett, '65; Law: Bruce
Cohen, '65; Library Science: Mrs. William McJannet. '67; Medicine: Dr.
Dwight Peretz. '56; Music: Mrs. Peter
Fraser, '65; Nursing: Mrs. J. Thomas
English, '62; Pharmacy: Norman J.
Black. '68; Physical Education: Dr. J.
Reid Mitchell, '49; Rehabilitation Medicine: Anne Smith, '69; Science: Rodger
Ramage, '67; Social Work: Elio A.
Azzara,  '68.
SENATE REPRESENTATIVES ON
THE BOARD OF MANAGEMENT
Stanley   Evans,   BA'41,    BEd'44,    Mrs.
John    McD.    Lecky,    BA'38;    Kenneth
Martin, BCom'46.
EX-OFFICIO MEMBERS OF
THE BOARD OF MANAGEMENT
Jack     K.     Stathers,     BA'55,     MA'58,
Alumni    Association    Director;    Fraser
Hodge,   President,   Alma  Mater  Society;
John    Ritchie,    President,     1969    Grad
Class.
ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
EXECUTIVE STAFF
Executive   Director:    Jack   K.   Stathers,
BA'55, MA'58
Director, Alumni Fund: Ian C. Malcolm,
DSW( Waterloo)
Director,  Communications:   Clive  Cocking, BA'62
Director,   Branches:   Byron   H.   Hender,
BCom'68
Director, Program: Mrs. A. Vitols, BA'61
On top of them all
Fine quality products from
FRASER VALLEY MILK PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION
TRUST SERVICES
with
YOU
in mind
• Complete Will and Estate Services
• Investments and Deposits
• Retirement Savings Plans
• Real Estate Listings and Sales
• Property Management
tt
CO-OPERATIVE TRUST COMPANY
OF CANADA
16 East Broadway, Vancouver 10, B.C.
(also  SASKATOON,   REGINA,   PRINCE  ALBERT  and
SWIFT CURRENT,  SASKATCHEWAN)
**Federally Incorporated
**Member of Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
34 "What's slim, elegant, and goes to a lot of parties?"
"Me."
"True ... but this travels flat in a suitcase."
'That lets me out, I guess!"
"So, what are we talking about?"
'Carrington, of course ... why don't you pour me one?"
rn
At home or on the go, Carrington comes into more and more
conversations. Start something. Talk a little Carrington.
This advertisement is nol published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
35 RETURN POSTAGE GUARANTEED
postes CANADA postage
7c
2067
VANCOUVER
WAPRLM   HARPY   \j
GEOLOGY
9'-6,

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