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UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1969

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*f   +*
to all U.B.C. Alumni
To: U.B.C. Staff Members and Alumni
We are pleased to announce the availability of the new 200th
Anniversary Edition of Encyclopaedia Britannica at a reduced
price to members of the academic community. The terms include
a considerable saving over the retail subscription price at which
the Britannica is sold.
As you know, the Encyclopaedia Britannica has not, in the past,
been offered for sale through bookstores, and this offer, for the
first time, gives the University Book Department the opportunity
to participate in its distribution and in doing so, to pass on to the
Bookstore customers the benefits which the plan offers.
If you are interested in receiving further details about the plan
from Encyclopaedia Britannica, kindly fill out the enclosed postcard and return it to us.
Yours faithfully for,
J. A. Hunter, Manager. ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
VOLUME 23, NO. 3, AUTUMN 1969
The New Early Bird In Space
by Clive Cocking
by Joyce Bradbury
A picture story
Highlights from the Beyond 69 Conference
Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, chairman
Frank C. Walden, BA'49,   past chairman
Miss Kirsten Emnott, Sc 4
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67
Dr. Joseph Katz, BA, MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago)
Fred H. Moonen, BA'49
Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48, BA'49
Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc, MSc (Man.), PhD (Princeton)
Mrs. R. W. WelUood, BA'51
Clive Cocking, BA'62
Susan Jamieson, BA'65
Marv Ferg
Elizabeth Spence- Associates
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251
N.W.   Marine   Dr.,   U.B.C,   Vancouver   8,   B.C.
The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle is sent free of charge to
alumni donating tc the annual giving programme and 3
Universities Capita! Fund. Non-donors may receive the
magazine by paying a subscription of $3.00 a year.
Postage paid in cash at the Third Class rate. Permit
No.   2067.
Member American Alumni Council. CANADA'S
Ihat's onf. small step tor man,
one giant leap for mankind."
With these now famous words, U.S.
astronaut Neil Armstrong stepped
out onto the moon, the first man to
walk on its surface. And his words
rang true in more than one sense.
The Oight to the moon undoubtedly
marked an important step forward
in the technology of space travel.
But it was also a giant leap forward
in the history of man's exploration
of his universe.
As such, this feat by the U.S. has
been widely and justly acclaimed. It
was, of course, the most glamorous
of space projects. Efforts in other
areas and by other nations have
tended to be dwarfed by it, at least
in terms of public attention. Yet,
some efforts should not be lost sight
of. For while Apollo XI was streaking toward the moon, work was
quietly going on in Canada on a
development that will likely have
more profound and immediate impact on this nation's way of life than
any number of flights to other
The fact is that Canada is on its
way to being the first nation in the
world to have its own domestic
satellite communications system. A
combined public-private corporation, Telesat Canada, has been
established and the first satellite is
due to be launched in late 1971.
with the system being fully operational in early 1972. That day will
likely be as important in Canada's
history as that day in 1885 when the
last spike was driven in the Canadian Pacific Railway.
Not only will the satellite communications system represent a
major step forward in Canadian
technology, it will also represent a
giant leap forward in the capacity of
Canadians to communicate with
each other. The system will boost
greatly telephone, telegraph, data
and television transmission to all
parts of the country. And it will
herald the coming revolution in
communications, a revolution with
great potential benefits—and problems.
By CLIVE COCKING All of this is not to say that other
nations are not also developing
domestic satellite communications
systems. The U.S., the Soviet Union,
Japan and several European countries have development programs
underway. In addition, there is already established, sparked by U.S.
commercial interests, an international satellite communications sys
tem. Intelsat (International Telecommunications Satellite Consortium), in which Canada is participating. It has four satellites aloft.
But the point is that Canada is doing
more than hold its own in this
important field. As Communications
Minister Eric Kierans told Parliament this spring: "In the conquest of
space, while our contribution is
modest by comparison to those of
the United States and the USSR, we
nevertheless rank among the pioneers." And that undoubtedly comes
as a surprise to many people.
Y-- ,f
Minutes later this U.S. rocket fired
Canada's ISIS 'A' into orbit. Alouette II is one of three Canadian research satellites in orbit. Third nation to launch a satellite, Canada may be
first to have a domestic satellite communications system and UBC grads are helping develop it.
It all began when Alouette I was
launched in September, 1962, making Canada the third nation in the
world (after Russia and the U.S.) to
have a satellite in orbit. This was
followed by Alouette II in 1966 and
ISIS 'A' early this year, both research satellites investigating the
ionosphere. Two further research
satellites, ISIS 'B' and ISIS C will
be launched in the next few years.
At present the federal government is
studying design proposals for the
first communications satellite developed by RCA Limited and
Northern Electric. Arrangements
for its manufacture are expected to
follow shortly.
In an indirect way, the University
of B.C. has contributed to these
developments. Several UBC graduates have played important parts in
designing and developing the Alouette and ISIS satellites. They are
now working hard on the communications satellite and related facilities.
At RCA's labs in Montreal, for
example, Terence A. Cagney, BASc
'55, served as project engineer for
ISIS 'A' and is now manager, electrical design, in the company's aerospace engineering department. He is
supervising the staff responsible for
the design, test and calibration of
electronic equipment and subsystems for use in satellites and
associated ground support facilities.
J. S. Korda, BASc'65, is in charge
of aerospace reliability engineering
with the same company. Korda's
job is to see that an RCA communications satellite will operate successfully for its intended five-year lifetime. Also with RCA, J. A. Stov-
man, BASc'53, is responsible for
subsystem designs, specifications
and drawing approval relating to
all satellite transmitters, receivers,
antennas and tape recorders.
In Ottawa, W. R. Reader, MASc
'62, is manager of the aerospace IV
group with Northern Electric. His
Northern Electric satellite (above)
shares oil drum look with RCA
plan. Paving way for series of automated satellite earth stations in our north
is new station near Bouchette, Que. UBC grads helped design it.
W. R. Reader inspects model of
communications satellite antenna.
recent work has involved system design of a satellite communication
system  for  northern  Canada  and
Testing satellite equipment are
grads Quon Chow (centre) and
John Bond.
project management on the design
and   construction   of   a   prototype
earth-terminal for this system. That
terminal was recently completed at
Bouchette, Quebec, 70 miles north
of Ottawa.
Two other UBC graduates are
also involved with Northern Electric in its communications satellite
program. John A. Bond, BASc'64,
MASc'67, is engaged in developing
automatic control and switching systems for use in earth terminals.
Quon S. Chow, BASc'64, is working
on developing a special modulation
technique for encoding the television sound signal inside the picture
signal for transmission over a satellite  link.
Another alumnus is one of the
key personnel with the federal department of communications, the
department responsible for the satellite communications system. He is
G. K. Davidson, BA'41, BASc'41,
the director of operations for the
satellite project.
After that important count-down
in 1971, a NASA Delta or Atlas
rocket will fling into space an object
resembling a six-foot tall oil drum
with, an antenna of equal size
mounted on it. That will be Canada's first communications satellite.
Both satellite designs, while differing in details, look like oversize
oil drums. Each consists of a large
cylindrical housing with an antenna
(elliptical in one design, paraboloi-
dal in the other) mounted on top.
Weight at lift-off will be about 1,000
pounds. Thousands of solar cells on
the surface of the satellite will be
the main source of power for the
electronic equipment, backed up by
nickel-cadmium batteries.
To be an effective communications instrument, the satellite must
be in synchronous orbit with the
earth—in effect, hover stationary.
The satellite will consequently be
thrust into orbit 22,300 miles high
over the equator and "parked"
in the same longitude as Winnipeg.
Since the orbit period at that height
is 24 hours, the satellite will then
appear to be stationary relative to
the earth. Its antenna will be permanently beamed toward Canada,
providing coverage for the whole
The ground segment of the system will consist of a master control
station, four regional multiple-
access, transmit-receive stations
scattered across Canada and 20 tele-
7 vision receive stations located in the
north. Total cost is expected to be
between $65 to $75 million. For
this price, Canada will get greater
communications capacity at a time
when this is becoming vitally needed.
Forecast growth of long-distance
telephone circuits, for example, is
about 20 per cent annually. The
satellite will add capacity for six
new television channels or 6,000
telephone voice circuits. It is expected this will meet Canada's needs
for 10 years.
The advantages to the system will
be many. "The most important advantage," said Terence Cagney,
"will be the increase in capacity
and flexibility the satellite system
will offer for television, telephone
and data transmission traffic. This
is particularly true in northern
areas, where vast stretches of wilderness and very low population
density virtually preclude the use
of terrestial cable or microwave
links." The domestic satellite system will provide the north, for the
first time, with high quality telephone and data transmission service
—and full television coverage. It
will bring the north into the mainstream of Canadian life.
For the rest of Canada there will
be other benefits as well as a simple
increase in communications capacity. For one thing, it will give a
boost to bilingualism, since it will
be possible to extend television services in both languages to all Canadians at an economic cost. It will
also enable television broadcasters
to provide separate television distribution to each of the six time
zones or alternately common simultaneous distribution to all areas for
events of national interest. And
national educational television may
become an economic possibility.
One of the main reasons Canada
is moving so swiftly in this field is
that there is a shortage of "parking"
spots in space. For a satellite to be
in synchronous orbit with the earth
it must be stationed over the equator at 22,300 miles high. Communications satellites must be six degrees
of longitude apart or their signals
will interfere with one another. This
means that in the area serving North,
Central and South America there
are at most six or seven locations.
The U.S. wants four to cover four
time zones, Canada wants one, Bra
zil wants one and some other South
and Central American nations are
also showing interest. The best way
to be sure of a spot is to be there
That's why Canada is making
arrangements with Intelsat to lease
the Early Bird satellite when its
active broadcast life ends next year.
The 'plan is to use Early Bird to
work the kinks out of ground stations at Bouchette, Que., and Mill
Village, N.S., and to gradually maneuver the satellite into one of the
coveted parking spots covering
North America. Then when the time
comes to put up our own communications satellite, it can slip into, the
spot held by Early Bird.
This determination gives an indication of how important a domestic
communications satellite system is
considered to be by Ottawa. The
satellite may well do for Canada's
north what the building of the railroad did for southern Canada: unify
and stimulate development. As
Communications Minister Kierans
told Parliament: "Once in operation
the domestic communications satellite system will constitute a project
of which all Canadians will be
proud. We will have blazed a trail
both in what we are doing and in the
way that we are doing it. Above all,
it will be a project that will help to
knit this country more closely together and to narrow the differences
in living standards between those
Canadians who live amid the rigours of the frontier and those who
live amid the comforts of the cities.
In essence, the domestic communications satellite system will reflect,
and will help to fulfill, the substance of confederation."
Canada's satellite effort, of course,
will not end there. It is recognized
that a second communications satellite will ultimately have to be parked
next to the first to meet the nation's
future needs. Considerable thought
is also being given by the federal
government to the possible use of
satellites for resource surveying and
On this score, Terence Cagney
feels Canada must push ahead even
more strongly than it is now doing.
Says Cagney: "I would like to see
this country invest more heavily in
certain aspects of this field which,
at the present time, show promise of
paying handsome dividends in terms
of the nation's development. I am
thinking particularly about resource
survey satellites, about communications satellites using ultra-wideband
laser carriers and about direct-tele-
sat communications satellites deriving power from atomic reactors. I
feel there is no question about the
availability of competent Canadian
scientists and engineers to undertake
these projects, but no progress will
be made unless this country, as a
whole, is willing to devote the resources necessary for their development."
The potential benefits are obviously great. In the area of communications alone, the "global village"
McLuhan talks about may well become a reality. With programs and
news criss-crossing the globe almost
instantaneously through satellites,
man may well begin to feel more
strongly the common humanity he
shares with inhabitants of other
But at the same time, satellite
communication will bring with it
some thorny problems. At present,
the communications satellites put
forth a feeble signal which must
be received at a ground station and
be amplified for transmission into
homes. The ground station obviously serves as a control point where
a vigilant government can see, for
instance, that television programs
beamed into Canadian homes have
55 per cent Canadian content. But
what happens when the satellite has
enough power to bypass the ground
relays and broadcast directly into
home   television   sets?
This is something that should
have more than just television network owners concerned. Perhaps
1984 is closer than we think.       D
The apollo advertisement on
the facing page was placed by a
Vancouver company on the actual day of the moon landing,
and without awaiting the outcome.
The response was immediate and
overwhelming, and in answer to
many requests a large format
(16" x 24") reproduction suitable for framing is available free
to readers of the UBC Alumni
Chronicle upon request to:
5594 Cambie Street
Vancouver 154, B.C.
8  Has Success
Spoiled CUSO?
by Joyce Bradbury
When the first cuso volunteers left for India, Ceylon
and Sarawak in 1962, they went to
"serve and learn." Last year, Canadian University Students Overseas
volunteers went forth under advertising banners proclaiming, "development is our business." The
times—and CUSO—have clearly
changed. CUSO has become big
business in the external aid field.
Seven years ago, CUSO was
launched on a shoestring and a wave
of enthusiasm in Canadian universities. That first year, its organizers
scrounged a budget of $15,000 and
sent 16 volunteers, four from UBC,
to three countries. Today, CUSO
has an annual budget of $4.5 million, a permanent staff of 55, including 25 area coordinators overseas. The organization has 1,100
volunteers serving in 43 countries
and has just sent out a freshly-
trained crop of 700. Among the
CUSO staff, executive salaries now
range from $9,000 to $14,000 a
But not everyone is happy with
CUSO's burgeoning size and newfound corporate image.
There is a fear within the organization that CUSO, once a vital,
informal group of volunteers, is los-
ing its intimacy in a spreading bureaucracy where too many people
don't know each other and couldn't
care less. There is fear too, that the
bureaucracy and expanding budget
of CUSO eventually will promote a
top-directed organization tied too
closely to Canada's foreign policy
and which is forced to employ an
increasing number of unqualified
people. In essence, the underlying
concern is that CUSO is losing its
identity as a volunteer, student
organization where the incentive,
initiative and policy come from local
university groups rather than a
bureaucratic centre.
One of the critics of this new
CUSO is Joseph Richardson, UBC
Assistant Professor of Asian Studies. He goes so far as to say, "We
should plan to phase CUSO out in 5
years. We'll need radical new thinking in CUSO in a few years which
won't be possible if a status quo is
allowed to develop. When jobs are
at stake, change is naturally resisted."
Mrs. Janet Roberts, a 1966 volunteer to Ghana and acting coordinator of the CUSO committee at
UBC, is also unhappy with the way
things are going in the organization.
She observed, "CUSO is not attract
ing people who know anything
abort the developing world or who
can empathize with the problems
there. We are attracting people who
wanl their little adventure, who tend
to talk about the price they're going
to pay their houseboys. CUSO's new
image is attracting status quo
people. It has lost its vitality in
terms of the people who go overseas." She added, "It's time there
was a dialogue in CUSO to determine where the organization is going
and why. The CUSO people in
Ottawa should know that there is
widespread discontent at the local
level and among returned volunteers."
Prof. Richardson agrees. "There
has been a move in the national
organization to emphasize development and professionalism", he
noted. "There is a sense in which
this is a kind of arrogance because
however competent volunteers are,
neither their competence nor the
structure of CUSO can be said to be
really significant in terms of industrial and social development in any
Mrs Bradbury, BA'67, a former
Ubyssey reporter, is a Vancouver
freelance writer. She plans to return
to   UBC  next  year  to   enter   law. <^i^
CUSO agriculture volunteer Jim Ward, BSA'64, (top, left) helps Indian farmer fix his crude plough. And Martin
Horswill, (bottom, right) conducts informal English class under a shady tree in Kenya.
of the developing countries. Development is the business of international organizations and governments. To have this slogan is
unrealistic. CUSO is a matter of
individuals going out and giving and
receiving a cultural experience. So
the real indices of success in CUSO
should remain the enthusiasm of the
volunteers and their personally enriching experiences."
However, those now in positions
of authority within CUSO deny that
the organization is losing its effectiveness. Rather, they see changes
which they describe as evolutionary.
Jean-Marc Metieier, director of
the CUSO Asia program and returned volunteer from Thailand,
said that the original ideology of
CUSO has undergone a definite
evolution in terms of what developing countries need. He said that
formerly the volunteer was a BA
graduate who "went abroad to suffer
with the people or try to make deep
contacts and establish communication". During the last few years this
emphasis has shifted and CUSO has
stressed professional skills and efficiency because overseas governments increasingly want professional people.
Robert Sallery, director of plan
ning for CUSO, does not agree that
the usefulness of CUSO is nearing
an end. He pointed out, "I think we
can go on longer in terms of providing manpower even though it means
that we may have to change some of
our conditions. The BA graduate is
not completely useless. We might
provide him with assistance so that
he can become retrained. This
means, of course, that we would
have to up our commitment in terms
of finance. We also need a more
extensive advertising campaign if
we're going to attract the 15,000
volunteers we need to fill job re
quests we get each year from developing countries. In the next year
or so we plan to open recruiting
offices in the major Canadian
Presently, CUSO fills 700 job requests a year, mainly for 'middle
manpower'—science and mathematics graduates, teachers, engineers,
technicians, nurses, and dentists.
Gerald Savory, director of the
1969 UBC CUSO orientation program and supervisor of UBC extension public affairs programs, disagrees with critics who say CUSO is
selecting the wrong kind of person
11 UBC's Stake
AS   ONE   OF   THE   THREE   founding
universities of CUSO and home of
its Asian orientation program,
UBC considers itself a vital member of CUSO. This explains in
large measure why some UBC
people are so sharply critical of
the organization today.
UBC's interest in overseas service began in 1957 when John
Young, BCom'49, MEd'61, now
principal of Campbell River Senior
Secondary School, went to Sarawak to help set up a formal education system there. When he returned he interested two UBC undergraduates, Brian Marson, BA-
'62, MA'64, and Michael Clague,
BA'63, in overseas service. In the
fall of 1960 a committee of interested faculty and students headed
by Dr. Cyril Belshaw, now UBC
head of anthropology, formed the
President's Committee on Overseas Service with the aim of establishing a Canadian Peace Corps. In
February 1961, under the sponsorship of the National Commission
for UNESCO, interested delegates
from UBC, the University of Toronto and Laval University met in
Ottawa to establish a national
organization. Besides representation from the three universities
there were also delegates from the
Canadian Union of Students, the
World University Service and the
Student Christian Movement.
A constitution was prepared
after this meeting and adopted at
the founding meeting in June 1961
held at McGill University. UBC
was represented by Dr. Belshaw
and the AMS vice-president Eric
During the summer of 1961,
two home economists were sent
overseas from UBC under the banner of CUSO after the Students'
Council raised $1,000 and a public appeal raised $5,000. In the
summer of 1962, six people went
out from UBC to Sarawak, Ghana
and Nigeria. Since then 200 UBC
students have gone overseas with
It was three years before CUSO
realized that volunteers needed
some sort of instruction before being sent to jobs overseas. In 1964
the job of teaching volunteers going to Asia was given to UBC.
This summer 64 volunteers attended classes conducted mainly
by Asian students studying at
UBC. Thirty-three volunteers later
went to Thailand, 13 to India and
18 to Malaysia. Crash courses in
Hindi, Thai and the Malay languages were given the students as
well as classes in "sensitivity training"-—a mixture of role-playing
and discussions of religion and
culture where volunteers learned
how to avoid insulting the beliefs
and culture of the people they
would meet.
With this year's volunteers, the
motives for joining CUSO were,
as one might expect, as varied as
their  personalities.
One recent graduate doctor said
that he and his wife had been
thinking of joining CUSO since
1963. "CUSO will give me two
years experience medically and I
can help," he said.
He and his wife have been posted
to Samanggang, Sarawak, a four-
hour drive by Land Rover from
the capital city of Kuching. They
are expecting their first child this
winter. His wife will teach science
and mathematics.
"We're really going just to fill
a gap," said one girl. "In some
countries 70 per cent of the skilled
jobs are held by ex-patriots. The
developing countries want us only
until they can provide their own
educated people. Anyway, what
we'll do in terms of service is
miniscule—we won't change much
and missionary zeal definitely isn't
wanted. I'm going to fill a job."
Another volunteer said simply,
"I'm going because I have a rather
dull family." □
as a volunteer. "We're definitely not
selecting people," he said, "whose
image is everything we typify as the
North American ethic—materialism,
success, and to hell with service to
mankind. The kids we're getting are
kids who among other things are
willing to question North American
ideals. "
Robert Sallery agrees. "If someone comes out of Canadian society
who is really kind of fuzzy wuzzy,
who doesn't have any idea of security, who has personal hangups, who
wants to get away from it all, Sarawak is hardly the place to go," he
said. "So we have to screen thoroughly, by peer references, work
references, academic records, interviews. There are a lot of paper
revolutionaries in Canada who
would say CUSO is just another
Canadian Establishment organization. Anyone who knows about the
tremendous revolution facing countries like Tanzania where CUSO is
working, knows our volunteers
aren't a status quo group."
Within CUSO there are also questions about the financial support the
organization gets from the federal
government. Canadian external aid
amounts to one per cent of the Gross
National Product. According to a
CUSO spokesman the government
contribution to CUSO accounts for
less than one percent of the external
aid budget. At present, 90 per cent
of the CUSO budget comes in the
form of a per capita volunteer grant
from the Canadian International
Development Agency. The rest
comes from private contributions
including a large amount from
Canadian university alumni.
Mrs. Roberts feels that UBC
alumni should be made aware of the
type of organization CUSO is becoming and think seriously before
contributing. She explained that the
per capita grant means that CUSO
must fill a certain quota of jobs
every year in order to get enough
money to maintain the large national
and overseas staff. This puts pressure on local university committees
which select candidates across Canada. For instance, at the beginning
of this year selection committees
were asked by the Ottawa office not
to encourage BA graduates. By May
the volunteer quota still had not
been reached and Ottawa reversed
its decision. The result was that
UBC local committee members felt
12 they were forced to select volunteers they had originally rejected.
According to one committee member the Caribbean is well-known to
CUSO people as a place where
people who can't be placed elsewhere are given assignments. He
said that last year 50 per cent of the
volunteers who went to Jamaica
came back because "they just weren't carefully selected".
Another concern regarding the
financing of the organization is that
as the gap between private and public contribution widens, CUSO will
become increasingly more dependent upon the federal government
for money and in danger of becoming financially and politically committed to Canada's foreign policy.
The critics of the present CUSO
operation believe the organization
can be more effective if it remains
One UBC committee member
pointed out that CUSO withdrew
volunteers from Biafra two days
before the start of the civil war
there but will send volunteers to
central Nigeria next year. He claims
that the excuse of physical danger in
Biafra is invalid because Nigeria is
CUSO volunteer Mrs. Janet Roberts, BA'66 (centre), enjoys a moment
of musical relaxation with her class in Ghana.
at war also. He said, "I think a lot
of CUSO people feel betrayed by
this. We were previously politically
independent and we didn't play the
old political games but now it seems
as if we are."
There isn't much hope that
CUSO's problems will be solved to
everyone's satisfaction. The national
office, which rules CUSO, appears
jealous of the authority held by the
local committees and impatient with
criticism coming from university
faculty and students. If plans to
open recruiting offices in major
cities are realized within the next
few years it could be that CUSO
will disappear from the Canadian
university scene altogether. What
probably will happen then is that
CUSO, for better or worse, will be
left 1:0 run a mammoth job-finding
agency as part of Canada's external
aid program. □
and neither was Canada Life.
It took years of careful consideration and precise
That's the kind of attention we pay to planning the
insurance programs for our international clientele.
We've been doing just that for more than 121
It's a tradition.
The good life in Canada is yours to live—through
Canada Life.
Canada Life
13 Silent In The Face Of Atrocity
UBC book examines the Churches under Hitler
a few years ago a storm of controversy was touched off by German
playwright Rolf Hochhuth's play,
The Deputy, which attacked Pope
Pius XII for failing to help the Jews
being persecuted under Hitler. From
the intensity of protest from church
authorities in Germany, the Vatican
and elsewhere, it was clear that the
play had touched on a raw nerve.
The churchmen (Protestant as well
as Catholic) had every reason to be
sensitive about the role their respective churches played in Nazi Germany.
The blunt truth is, as UBC history professor Dr. John Conway
makes clear in his new book, The
Nazi Persecution of the Churches,
that both wings of the Christian
church failed in general to stand up
for their faith or for the sanctity of
human life during that dark era.
Dr. Conway details how and why
the churches failed in their mission.
He focusses particularly on the policies followed by the Nazi regime in
its attack on the churches, which
was carried out on three fronts.
First, the Nazis sought to expand
their administrative control of
church affairs to bring the German
Evangelical Church and the Roman
Catholic Church under the authority of the State. Secondly, they
maintained an intensive ideological
struggle aimed at establishing a new
Hitlerian cult to replace Christianity. And finally, the Nazis resorted
to their old standbys of terror and
intimidation. By the end of the war
the Nazis had achieved much of
their goal of eliminating the Christian Church as an influence.
Despite the danger, however,
there were some Protestant and
Catholic clergy who did speak out
against what was happening. But
they were a tiny minority. The
majority were silent. Many, such as
the "German Christians", actively
supported the Nazi policies. The
attempted extermination of the
Jews, the Nazi acts of aggression,
the brutalities in occupied countries
—all of these failed to elicit resistance or protests from church leaders
And the moral failure of the
churches was not due, as Dr. Conway reveals, merely to Nazi oppression; it went deeper. It stemmed
from a combination of the German
churches' historic tendency to pietism, their Lutheran tradition of
obedience to the State, their political
conservatism—and a measure of
political opportunism, and cowardice.
Dr. Conway does not mince
words as to where the blame must
lie. Of the churches, he says: "Humanly   speaking,   their   leaders   by
collaborating with the Nazis, were
no more and no less guilty than the
rest of their fellow countrymen. But,
as custodians of the Christian Gospel, their conduct must be judged by
different standards. Their readiness
to allow the truths of the Christian
faith to be distorted for the purposes
of political expediency, and their
failure to denounce the crimes so
openly committed in their society,
place a heavy burden of guilt upon
The Nazi Persecution of the Churches, by J. S. Conway, Basic Books,
New York, $10.00
Signposts Spell History
what's in- a name? An awful lot
of history when it comes to place
names in British Columbia. That's
what one learns on reading, 1001
British Columbia Place Names, a
delightful book recently published
in Vancouver by Discovery Press.
The book is the result of collaboration by UBC English professor Dr.
G. P. V. Akrigg and his wife,
Helen, who lectures in geography
at UBC.
The book contains an alphabetical directory of B.C. place
names with descriptions of what
they mean or how they were named. As the authors note in then-
introductory essay the place names
spell out B.C.'s history ... the
contributions of the Indians, Spanish and British explorers, the great
fur companies, the railway, the
gold rush.
The book contains such fascinating footnotes to history as: "BLIGH
ISLAND. This island in Nootka
Sound is named after Captain
Bligh of Mutiny on the Bounty
fame. William Bligh was master of
H.M.S. Resolution on Captain
Cook's third expedition, and so
visited Nootka with him in 1778."
It clears up puzzles: "KICKING
HORSE PASS. Commemorates the
fact that in August 1859 Dr. (later
Sir) James Hector, geologist with
the Palliser expedition, was here
kicked in the chest by one of his
packhorses and sustained a nasty injury." It reveals the lightheartedness
of our history as, for example:
"LULU ISLAND. Named by
Colonel Moody in 1862 after Miss
Lulu Sweet, a young actress in the
first theatrical company to visit
British Columbia." And the book
resolves academic controversies:
"LAC La HACHE. Scholarly opinion does not support the starvation
thesis of Barry Mather, M.P., that
the 'lake derived its name from the
sudden death of a French-Canadian
who lacked hash too often.' It is
more likely that some voyageur lost
his axe in this lake."
1001 British Columbia Place
Names is a book that will be enjoyed
by anyone interested in B.C. history.
1001 British Columbia Place
Names by G. P. V. Akrigg & Helen
B. Akrigg. Discovery Press, P.O.
Box 6295, Postal Station C. Vancouver 10, $5.70. O This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia.
Not just for seafarin men
Light'n dry Royal  Marine Rum — for rum  lubbers.
Marine Light Rum
15 .Jf ff?n
' ::|§|,      >Jf "       %
ife^ TOTEM
Indian Culture
On  Campus
The tall totem poles stand brooding
in the trees. A raven with human hands
and arms stares coldly through the
leaves. A great beaver flashes huge
teeth . . .
r % Two powerful Thunderbirds stand guard over remains
of a dwelling house. Overhead, an eagle glowers down
from its perch . . .
V'"*!- r*ms
This is Totem Park, the small tree-shrouded corner of
UBC that is preserving a slice of Indian culture. In it
stands a majestic collection of Kwakiutl and Haida totem
poles, a Haida dwelling house and grave-house—all
authentically restored or duplicated by noted Indian
carvers Mungo Martin, Bill Reid, and Douglas Cranmer. . .
19 , •- ., W**' '•%
It is a natural setting ...
and in it the totem poles
seem to project some of the
Indian people's traditional
closeness with nature.
And there is a brooding,
mysterious quality to
these carvings, with their
entwined animal-human
features. It's like stepping
inside an Emily Carr
painting . . .
This sense of experiencing Indian culture explains
part of the popularity of
Totem Park with UBC
visitors. □
20 Academic Hopes
And Grim Realities
discussion of B.C. university
problems there have been many
grim realities disclosed. But one of
the gloomiest was made this spring
by UBC Deputy President William
Armstrong in an address to Beyond
'69, the UBC Alumni Association
conference on higher education.
Dean Armstrong said: "This province in general has done a very
good job of progressively planning
the development and financing of its
rail system, its ferry system, its
power system and even some aspects
of its resource development. I see
little evidence of similar planning in
the educational system. There really
is no plan for the development of
the total educational system in the
This was just one of many disturbing bits of news received by the
100-odd people attending the one-
day conference, held June 14, in
Totem Park Residences. And this
one fact seemed to lie at the root of
so many of the problems discussed
at the meeting. The conference was
designed to acquaint the broader
community with the facts about university finance and planning today
and to equip key alumni with an
informational background to actively support the cause of higher
.education in their communities.
Highlights from the
Beyond 69 Conference
The conference used, as a basis
for discussion, a 20-page factual
document on university finance and
planning entitled, Academic Goals
and Financial Realities . The booklet is a combination of information
and data drawn from university
sources and public documents. It
too disclosed some grim realities
about the university picture.
One of these was that UBC is
more crowded than many other
leading Canadian universities. For
every fulltime student, UBC has 115
square feet of useable space, whereas
the University of Alberta has 148
and the University of Toronto 156
square feet. This situation is attributed to a shortage of capital financing. And here the booklet reveals
that Ontario and Alberta annually
provide more than twice the capital
money for universities as does B.C.
For 1969-70 the per capita grant to
universities in B.C. is $7.27; in Alberta it is $19.85 and in Ontario it
is $13.65.
The booklet also notes that the
operating grants to the university
are not adequate and are also
behind those provided universities
in Ontario and Alberta. For universities in B.C. the 1969-70
operating grant per capita is $31.52,
compared to $43.26 for Alberta and
$33.66 for Ontario. It is, however,
admitted that the operating grant
picture is not as serious as that of
capital grants. But it is serious
enoi:gh to have a detrimental effect
on faculty-to-student ratios. The
booklet, in fact, points out that
UBC's ratio of 1:15 is too high for
good university teaching and certainly higher than most other leading Canadian universities, the top
ones having ratios of 1:10 or 1:11.
The conference speakers examined the implications of these
facts. The highlights are contained
on the following pages.
Dean William Armstrong
Deputy president, UBC
In recent months many members of faculty have spoken
of limiting enrolment at UBC to
20,000, 22,000, 25,000 or 28,000
students. It's a bit of a lottery as to
how you select these numbers. I
would say that it's not feasible to
limk enrolment even in the general
courses at this university unless alternative facilities are available elsewhere. It is almost irresponsible, I
think, to limit enrolment in disciplines which are available only at
UBC at the present time. The best predictions at the moment suggest that in September we
will have over 21,500 students on
this campus. And in about four
years we could have about 30,000
students. Despite any plans or projections for new universities and
new colleges, that figure will probably change very little. The time
available simply does not permit
construction of major facilities or
major planning, so many of our
problems in planning this campus
are really of a short range nature to
take care of something like 30,000
students by 1973.
Now to look for a moment at
this business of space use efficiency.
We like universities to have a
degree of flexibility in space use
that permits holding unscheduled
classes, tutorials, seminar groups at
times when students and teaching
staff wish to do this. However, this
is really not feasible at the present
time and I hesitate to say it but
we're carrying out detailed space
inventories on a continuing basis.
We feel that more and more classes
must be rigidly scheduled to make
the most efficient use of space. In
many ways this goes against good
educational practice but simply because of limitations of the past two
years we have been using our new
large computer facility to adjust
time-tables from the Monday, Wednesday, Friday peak pressures on
space and level these out. We probably will be able to cope with the
undergraduate registration certainly
in this coming September and possibly for the 1970-71 academic year
in lecture rooms and undergraduate
laboratories. However, as of September this year, we simply have
run out of offices for new faculty
members and there are about 200
In an attempt to correct this to
some degree, we're rushing the construction of temporary or prefabricated buildings to house the majority of the new faculty members and
to provide some additional seminar
and study space.
There really is no plan for the
development of the total educational
system in the province. This province in general has done a good
job of progressively planning the
development and financing of its
rail system, its ferry system, its
power system and even some aspects
of its resource development. I see
little evidence, frankly, of similar
planning in the educational system.
This makes our campus planning
an extremely difficult, tenuous sort
of operation.
Ontario has developed a formula
for capital grants which will be used
I think, this year for the first time.
If we apply the same formula to
UBC we should receive approximately $12 to $14 million per year
for construction of buildings to accommodate our increasing enrolment. In addition, we must soon
replace 600,000 square feet of temporary buildings, such as the old
arts building which has now become
a mathematics building and in addition to that, 300,000 square feet of
huts. It appears the capital needs
of this campus alone will be in the
order of $21 million a year for
about five years. We're realists and
we realize that this is a most
unlikely degree of affluence and we
must seek alternatives.
We can and we must somehow
reduce the cost of academic buildings. It is doubtful that we can
achieve major reductions in the cost
of heavily serviced buildings for
undergraduate and research laboratories. Our costs in that case are
similar to those in other parts of the
country and are now costing us $30,
and I think very soon, $40 a square
foot of gross area. But of this, at
least $15 is for the services alone,
and the building structure cost is
about $20 a square foot so that the
service share is so high I don't think
there's a great deal we can do to
reduce the cost of that type of
We can, however, make substantial savings by the use of modular
and partially prefabricated buildings
for offices, seminar rooms, many
types of classrooms. They can be
perfectly satisfactory for any educational process other than ones requiring highly serviced laboratory
facilities. Such space can be designed in a flexible manner to allow
modification for changing academic
needs. This lower cost space can be
built for around $16 a square foot—
a substantial saving.
It may well be that a fair share
of our capital resources will have
to be put into these lower cost buildings simply to stem the tide or at
least cope with it in this short period
ahead of us.
Dr. Walter Gage
President, UBC
THE EASIEST thing in the world
is to demand a larger share of the
provincial revenue but I am sure
these revenues are not limitless. It is
clear that in determining its expenditures any government must be
concerned with its priorities. If these
priorities do not adequately represent higher education, then I believe
the public is not sufficiently informed about the need for higher
education. Some time ago, in The
Province there was an article, I
think by Paddy Sherman, in which
he stated what the university would
have to do in future was in a sense
justify itself; it would have to show
that it had a place in the economic,
social and cultural development of
the province. It is, in my opinion,
partly the fault of the faculty and
administration and the alumni and
students that we have not shown
that we are truly a necessary part of
any development.
Well, this is where you come into
the picture. The purpose of this
conference should be to provide-the
necessary information for those here
today who believe that the cause
of higher education requires greater
support, so they in turn can convince their community of the urgent
need for a higher priority. Dr. John Macdonald
Executive vice-chairman
Committee of Presidents of
the Universities of Ontario
I want to tell you something
about what is happening in
another jurisdiction in Canada for
whatever value it may be to you in
making judgements about where
you will be moving in the years
ahead in this province. The present
population of Ontario is about 7.4
million and it's roughly now 2 million here in British Columbia so that
gives you the order of difference in
looking at the two provinces. The
enrolment in 1964 in Ontario universities was 49,000 and now in
1969 it's about 100,000.
The operating grants to the universities from the provincial government in 1964 were $37 million and
that has been raised in a period of
five years to the staggering level of
$215 million. If you add to that fees,
you get over one-quarter of a billion
dollars by way of operating support
for the universities in Ontario this
year. Capital support was $64 million in 1964; by 1967 it was up to
$100 million; it is $100 million in
1969 and there is a commitment by
the province of Ontario for at least
$100 million a year up to 1975. The
growth has been very rapid, both in
terms of enrolment, the number of
institutions and also in terms of support provided by the government of
In 1964, the government of On
tario took a step which has never
been taken in any other province in
Canada when they established a
Department of University Affairs. It
was to parallel the Department of
Education but was to be responsible
solely and exclusively for universities.
Along with the department the
government established in 1964 a
Committee on University Affairs.
That Committee was established,
"To study matters concerning the
establishment, development, operation, expansion and financing of
universities in Ontario and to make
recommendations thereon to the
Minister of University Affairs for
the information and advice of
government." It has eleven members, four of them are chosen from
the money
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23 the university community directly,
that is faculty members or administrators in universities. No presidents serve on it.
It was established ostensibly to be
an instrument interposed between
the university and government
which would try to make independent judgements. But in fact it has
not performed in that way. It has
become more and more polarized
toward the interests of government.
What I have been describing so
far is what the government's instrumentation is for dealing with the
universities but the universities
themselves have had to develop
machinery for dealing collectively
with government. This started in
1962 with a Committee of Presidents, in which they began to explore the possibility of cooperative
action. The organization has become
rapidly more and more complex.
There arc a number of affiliated
groups associated with the Commit
tee of Presidents now and the organization has been recognized by the
government as the spokesman for all
the universities.
But the presidents and the staff
have been unhappy lately about the
quality of analysis which has been
possible with the organization from
the standpoint of its capacity to put
forward proposals and argument to
government for the kind of support
needed. This has been because the
analytical function has been done on
a part-time basis by committees
from the various universities.
What's being proposed at the
moment, and under consideration
by the senates of all the universities,
is a proposal to establish a Council
of Universities. The purpose of the
council would be to replace the
Committee of Presidents, to maintain a maximum of independence
for each university, to provide a collective voice which was both acceptable and functional in terms of the
Andrew Soles
Principal, Selkirk College
as one who is deeply committed to
the college idea I can only deplore
the fact that so many of our new
colleges are having to begin their
careers in high schools or renovated
buildings. Colleges need first-rate
libraries and first-rate laboratories,
but most of all they need an identity
of their own and the whole college
movement I think is being threatened by this unfortunate state of
affairs. Our experience today would
indicate that with few exceptions,
local districts are not prepared to
vote money for needed college facilities. Now if the colleges are going
to be considered a vitally important
part of the total system of higher
education then these facilities are
going to have to be provided on a
broader tax base.
John Young
Principal, Campbell River
Secondary School
right and it should be provided to all
those who can benefit from it and
there should be no financial barrier
at all. Canada is the second or third
most affluent nation in the world
and it's a damnable admission for
we as Canadian citizens to suggest
that we can't afford to educate all
our children. I think our social
priorities are seriously out of harmony with the needs of people.
Last year, in the public school system in B.C. we spent about $533
per child. That amounts to about
2Vi bucks a day. You can't hire a
good babysitter for 2Vi bucks a
day and I do not buy the idea that
we cannot afford a far better educational system in this province.
kind of data and arguments which
could be put forward to governments and finally, of course, to
prove an expert analytical capacity.
The council, at the top, would be
a body composed of the president
of each university and a colleague
elected by the senate of each university. That colleague could be a
faculty member, an administrator or
a student at the choice of the individual university. Under the
council there would be a series of
program committees—one in arts
and science, one in health sciences,
one in the other professions and
one in graduate studies.
Now what are the kinds of issues
which the structure would deal with?
First of all operating grants. Each
year the universities must argue for
the value of the basic income unit in
the financing formula and that argument must be put forward on the
basis of the collective experience of
14 universities. The same thing
applies to capital. There's also the
problem of coordinated program
development in order to avoid unnecessary duplication.
Now this may sound to you like a
University of Ontario, but I would
like to emphasize that in fact it is
not anything like a University of
Ontario in the sense of any jurisdiction of which I have knowledge.
What we're talking about is a
federated system where the universities voluntarily agree to operate
cooperatively, where they must exercise self-control and where the
restraints which they place on
themselves are the governing factors.
This is an idea which has profound significance for the future of
higher education in Ontario. Some
people think and I believe, naively,
that if it doesn't work we would get
the University of Ontario. I do not
believe the alternative would be the
University of Ontario, but rather,
an insidious and gradual takeover of
the universities by government instruments which already exist. I am
convinced that there is only one key
to preserving the independence of
the universities and that is a superb
system of data collection and analysis with an acceptable collective
What we are doing is unique and
if we are successful, we will not only
serve our own province well, but we
will offer a new and better model
for others to emulate. Dr. Cyril Belshaw
Professor and Chairman
Department of
Anthropology and
Sociology, UBC
there is the possibility of changing the nature of UBC so that in
effect it becomes, not one university,
but several and yet retains the sense
of cosmopolitan and metropolitan
atmosphere that really is important.
We have the chance of creating
out of our present, existing elements
at UBC, three nucleii for three new
universities but in close proximity,
reinforcing and stimulating one
We're suggesting that the university should consist essentially of a
confederation of relatively small-
scale colleges, perhaps with an average size of 1,500 to 2,500 students
each with its own independent educational goal. There would then be
potentiality for variety, for experiment:, for change. This potentiality
for variety or experiment I feel is
most important for the future of
Dean Goard
Principal, B.C. Institute
of Technology
i think it is a good thing that
we increase the variety of offerings to young people and mature
adults in the field of tertiary education because people have many
needs and abilities. In the past 20
years there have been about 18,000
to 20,000 people involved in higher
education outside the traditional
academic stream and this has gone
on, I think, totally unnoticed. I
think that we must accept the proposition that higher education is no
longer restricted to universities;
higher education represents a great
range of very academic and very
rigorous and very useful programs
covering a wide spectrum of services A great number of people
who would otherwise be going to
university are accepting this alternative path and I think that's a good
thing. □
On top of them all
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25 Alumni News
Stamps Sign
Of Success
surprises for Ian Malcolm and his
band of co-workers in the Alumni
Fund office. Malcolm, who is director of the fund, gets a daily batch of
letters from all over the world—
each with a colorful new stamp. And
each adds another bright patch to
his growing montage of stamps on
his office wall. It's a sort of philatelic tour of the world, with stamps
from Ghana, Iran, New Zealand,
Malaysia, Singapore, Japan and
other far away places.
To Malcolm the montage is a
tangible sign of success. The letters
the postman brings every day are
from alumni making donations to
the Alumni Fund. And the gifts
have been flowing in at an encouraging rate, from grads in Canada as
well as those elsewhere in the world.
"The campaign is coming along very
nicely," said Murray McKenzie,
Alumni Fund chairman for 1969.
"We seem to have more new donors
and many donors who had dropped
out seem to be contributing again.
The results are encouraging but we
have yet to hear from many 1968
donors—and we're going to need
their help to make our target."
The target for the 1969 Alumni
Fund campaign is $250,000. Total
donations to date amount to $176,
000. Of this figure, $93,000 represents direct gifts from alumni and
the remainder represents alumni
contributions to the Three Universities Capital Fund and other gifts.
The campaign is now at the halfway
The special contingency fund set
up in 1968 under the Alumni Fund
is rapidly developing into a most
successful scheme for aiding students and faculty. The contingency
fund was supported this year with a
$5,000 allocation and half of it has
already been granted to help 12
student projects. The scheme is designed to give quick assistance to
worthy student and faculty projects.
Chronicle Wins
Editorial Award
the chronicle has been awarded first place for editorial content
in a competition among North American alumni magazines. The award
was made by judges of the American
Alumni Council in a conference
held in New York, July 21-25. The
award was for one of several categories in the competition, open annually to publications of 400 North
American university alumni organizations.
"I am extremely pleased to see
that the Chronicle has been recognized in this way," commented Jack
Stathers, executive director of the
UBC Alumni Association. "This
award reflects the good, hard work
of our editorial staff and the outstanding support they have received
from our alumni editorial committee. The Chronicle obviously is
presenting a lively and interesting
selection of material for our alumni
Published four times a year, the
Chronicle now is sent to 42,000
alumni each issue.
Missing Your
Alumni Mail?
a question that the alumni office
often hears is from female alumni
who want to know why they never
get any mail from UBC, while their
husbands, also grads, do? We suspect that our computer is against
marriage and is unable to bring itself to print-out Mr. and Mrs. . . .
Actually programming adjustments
are being planned for the near
future to allow for joint addressing
in the case of both husband and wife
being graduates.
If you are receiving mail that is
incorrectly addressed or if you're
planning a move, the records department would appreciate knowing.
. . . The Records Department, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.
Football 1969
the football season is here
and Coach Frank Gnup is predicting some exciting action for
Thunderbird fans. All home
games will be played at Thunderbird Stadium starting at 2 p.m.,
except the Simon Fraser Univer-
sity-UBC game which will be at
Empire Stadium beginning at 8
Sept. 20    College of Idaho at
27    UBC at Willamette
Oct.     4    Seattle Cavaliers at
11    Portland State at
20    SFU at UBC (Empire
25    UBC at Western
Nov.     1    Pacific University at
8    University of Alberta
at UBC "Take A "Trip DowR
gJVlemory Laqe
October 24-25.
Relive Memories of Your Alma Mater on Reunion Weekend
Memory Lane, a photographic exhibit telling the story of UBC
from 1919 to 1969, will highlight Reunion Weekend. So come
on out and take a stroll down Memory Lane. And linger a while
to join in the other festivities.
Guest of Honor:
President Walter Gage,BA'25,
MA'26, LLD'58
October 24
Family sports jamboree
Men's goli tournament
Special interest reunions
DayS '69
October 25
Rugby game—University
of Victoria - UBC
Reunions—classes of 1924, '29,
'34, 39, '44, '49, '54, '59
President's reception—in honor
of the class of 1919
Great Trek Ball
Further information: UBC Alumni Association, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr. Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313)
27 It's suds and socializing time for some of the 1,000 members of the
Young Alumni Club, now in its third successful season.
Students To Spread Education Gospel
students and alumni are making
plans for a new fall program to
spread the gospel of higher education in B.C. Under chairman Susan
Shaw, a fourth year education student, the annual high school visitation program has been expanded to
include meetings with public groups,
service organizations, alumni branches as well as the high school
visits. Teams of five students will
visit a minimum of six major areas
of the B.C. mainland in October
and early November. The students
hope to speak to as many sections of
the community as possible about
UBC and the problems of higher
education in B.C. UBC alumni will
be accompanying the teams on their
visits and local alumni will be
providing billets.
Full Program
For Branches
the Ottawa branch of the alumni
association has come up with a solution to its perennial problem of a
very mobile membership—they are
going to have two people fill each
position on their executive. The new
officers will be announced at the
football party being planned in conjunction with a B.C. Lions-Ottawa
Roughriders game in the early
autumn. Program plans for the fall
and winter include social activities,
guest speakers and service projects
—details will be available at the
football party.
California alumni are planning
interesting events for the coming
months. There is even some talk of
a charter flight to Vancouver at
reunion time or Christmas (for
further information on this project
contact the alumni office). A mid-
October gathering is planned for the
San Francisco area—probably cocktails and dinner. The Los Angeles
group, which held a successful beer
and barbecue party in July, at the
home of Dr. William Patrick, BA
'48, MA'52, will meet for their
annual reunion dinner on October
18. The Alumni office will be sending out details when they are
finalized. □
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28 Spotlight
Familiarizing themselves with radical look of Expo 70's B.C. Pavilion are
Pamela Mahoney (left) and Diana Timms (right), two of the hostesses.
Have a yen to sue expo 70? There
will be some familiar faces at the
Fair. Two of the hostesses at the B.C. pavilion (designed by Barclay McLeod,
BArch'61). will be Pamela Mahoney,
BEd'67 and Diana Timms, BA'66. There
were 5,000 applications for positions in
the Canadian pavilion—Sonja Arntzen,
BEd'68 was one of the 37 chosen. B.C.
commissioner to Expo 70, John South-
worth, BA'53, and Mrs. Southworth,
BA'52, BSW'53 (Sheila R. Cope), will be
living in Osaka for the year of the Fair.
The UBC Alumni charter flight to
Japan can save you lots of Yen to spend
at the Fair . . . further details to be
found on page 35 . . . and there's still
plenty of time to sign up for an instant
Japanese   course   at   night   school   .   .   .
Fred F. McKenzie, BSA'2I. AM(Mis-
souri), DSc (Catholic University, Chili),
who is currently dean of agriculture at
the University of Ife, Nigeria, will be
returning to his home in Corvallis, Oregon at the end of September. Since his
retirement in 1960 as head of the department of animal husbandry at Oregon State he has served on educational-
aid programs in Indonesia, Peru and on
the University of Wisconsin-U.S. AID
program in Nigeria. ... A career of
service to Canadian agricuture by Gordon L. Landon, BSA'23 was honored at
the  annual   meeting  of  the  Agricultural
Institute of Canada. He was made an
honorary life member in the Canadian
Society for Rural Extension. Mr. Landon was with the B.C. department of
agriculture for nearly 40 years before
retiring in 1965. One of his recent projects was chairmanship of the committee
working on a 50-year history of the UBC
Faculty of Agriculture. . . . Following a
two year assignment with the United
Nations development program in the
Philippines. Carl Tolman, BA'24, MSc.
PhD (Yale). DSc(Missouri). has returned
to the faculty at Washington University.
Since joining the faculty in 1927 he has
held positions ranging from assistant
professor, to dean of graduate studies in
arts and science, to chancellor of the
university. In recognition of his long
service he was awarded an honorary
degree—doctor of science—at the June
congregation. . . . The Citizenship Council of Canada has named Robert W.
Keyserlinsk, BA'29, as one of 1969's
Outstanding Citizens. Mr. Keyserlingk
is president of Palm Publishers in Montreal and currently head of the Canadian
Association of the Order of Malta, an
international  charitable  organization.
. . . Muriel A. Cunliffe, BA'31, BSW
'48. MA(Smith) retired in June as professor of social work at UBC. She began her career teaching in elementary
and   secondary   schools  and   during   the
Second World War served with the
WRENS. Before joining the UBC faculty
in 1950 she was with the B.C. department of social welfare. Her activities in
social welfare have been both local and
international as she has been involved
with United Nations' projects in Africa
and Britain. In B.C. she is a member of
the board of the Children's Foundation
and an active member of the Canadian
Mental  Health  Association.
.... Louis T. Rader,
BASc'33, MASc, PhD(Cal Tech) has now
joined the academic world full-time as
chairman of the department of engineering at the University of Virginia.
He will be a professor of both electrical
engineering and business administration.
The combination will take advantage of
his wide experience with the General
Electrc Company, where he was vice-
president and general manager of their
commjnications and control division and
as president of the Univac division of
Sperry Rand Corp. Dr. Rader has been
active in the education field for many
years and is currently serving on the
boards, of several colleges and institutes.
Last year he was elected as a director of
F.DUCOM, the inter-university commu-
nicaticns council.
UBC forestry professor, Robert W.
Wellwood, BASc'35, PhD(Duke) is the
first Canadian to be elected to the
executive of the Forest Products Research Society. He was a charter member
of the society, which has members from
50 countries. Robert M. Hayman, BA'39,
plans to indulge in lots of fishing and
huntirg now that he is living in Fort
Nelson, B.C. He recently opened a law
office in that city—its first in eight
years—after spending 12 years with a
Vancouver firm.
Frank S. Mathews, BA'44, MA'48, PhD
(Oregon), is now professor of physics at
the Colorado School of Mines. A member of the faculty since 1954, he is currently working on research into what
happens to earth materials under the
conditions found in volcanos—high pressure and high temperature.
William R. Clerihue, BCom'47, has
been named vice-president and treasurer
for the Celanese Corporation in New
York. Previously he was with the Canadian subsidiary, Chemcell .... Ernest
T. Rice, BA'47 PhD(Iowa) has joined the
educational research centre at Clarion
State College, Pennsylvania, as associate
director for college services. He will also
be an associate professor in the college's
professional studies division.
Alan G. Fletcher, BASc'48, MSc(Cal
Tech), PhD(Northwestern) has been appointed dean of engineering at the University  of  North   Dakota.   He  will   also
29 hold the post of professor of civil engineering The   MacKay
Years—is the way the alumni magazine
at the University of New Brunswick
describes the 16-year term of Colin B.
MacKay, BA(UNB), LLB'49, DCL(Mt.
Allison), LLD(UNB, Laval) as president
of the university. During the period that
ended with his July retirement UNB
experienced a period of rapid expansion
with its undergraduate population growing from 700 to nearly 5,000 and its
graduate students from 40 to 500. Dr.
MacKay, who is a veteran of the Canadian Navy, has also served as a member
of the Board of Broadcast Governors, as
vice-chairman of the Canadian Centenary Council and on several boards of
It was one very long move—from one
end of the country to the other—but
Dr. and Mrs. Albert R. Cox, BA'50, MD
'54, (Margaret Dobson, BA'50, MD'55)
are now in St. Johns', Newfoundland. Dr.
Cox, who was associate professor of
medicine at UBC, will have a key post in
the new Faculty of Medicine at Memorial University as professor and chairman
of the department of medicine. At UBC
he specialized in research on heart disease and his work has been recognized by
several large grants including a $50,000
Dr. Colin B. Mackay
fellowship from the Canadian Life
Assurance Association. . . . Sixty years
of Canadian military history is reviewed
in a new book, The Seaforth Highlanders
of Canada, 1919-1965, by Reginald H.
Roy, BA'50, MA'51, PhD(Washington).
He is presently associate professor of
military   history   at   the   University   of
Victoria Augustine
H. Higuchi, BSA'52, has been appointed
administrative assistant in the department of student services with the board
of education in North York, Ontario.
During the last school year he was head
of guidance at Georges Vanier Secondary School.   Mrs.   Corinne   Robertshaw
Write or Phone
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
Hard Back
Paper Back
Gerrard E. Manning
Parkin, BA'54, LLB'58, is currently general manager of Brezina Nigeria Ltd., an
engineering and contracting firm in
Lagos. She has been with the company
since January, 1968 and was made general manager earlier this year. . . . After
two years in Ethiopia Mr. and Mrs.
William A. Padgham, BASc'55, MASc'58
(Theresa A. James, BA'59) have returned
to B.C. and are living in Campbell River.
Bill, who was teaching geology at Haile
Selassie University, is now a geologist
with Western Mines.
The next time that your bags are
missing and the filet is overdone and
you're flying with CPAir the person to
write to is Gerrard E. Manning, BCom
'56, the new vice-president for customer
service. He has been with the company
for 13 years and was previously director
of industrial relations. . . . James E.
Currie, BCom'57, is now at the University of Victoria as executive assistant to
the president. Previously he was with the
UBC commerce faculty as administrator
of their continuing education program .
.... Kenneth Edward Cox,
MASc'59, PhD(Montana), has been promoted to associate professor in the
chemical engineering department at the
University of New Mexico. . . . Mrs.
Peter R.  Koch,  BSN'59  (Penelope  Ann
Metropolitan - Vienna, London, Berlin
by Richard Strauss
i*    ir    ALL STAR CAST    ir    ir
Oct. 2nd - 4th - 8th -  11th
Phone   684-4464
30 Godfrey), has joined her husband, Dr.
Peter Koch, BA'52, MD'57, in the medical profession following her graduation
from the Temple University medical
school in June. She was one of 10 students, out of a class of 130 named to
the honor roll. She also received an
award from the American Medical Women's Association for outstanding academic work and a special award for work
in pediatrics. She will be interning at the
Royal Victoria Hospital in Montreal.
Economist John Anthony deWolf, BA
'60. is the new leader of the British
Columbia Progressive Conservative
Party. . . . Checking up on germs and
things, Dr. William R. Carpentier, MD
'61, was with the Apollo 11 astronauts
during the three week quarantine following their trip to the moon. Somewhat
less noteworthy was his recent election
to membership in the Undersea Medical
Society . . If you were to chose an international star to play the lead in a major
Shakspearean play who would it be?
Peter Snell, BA'61, chose Charlton Hes-
ton for his production of Julius Caesar
which is being filmed in Spain. This is his
fifth movie and second Shakspearean
production—in 1966 he filmed the Edinburgh Festival production of The Winter's Tale with Lawrence Harvey. His
first film was a television documentary
on Margot Fonteyn and Rudolf Nureyev.
Diana R. D. McColl, BEd'61, recently
received her doctorate in education from
the University of Oregon. During the
coming year she will be on the faculty
at Clarion State College, Pennsylvania,
instructing in special education, specifically, in the teaching of mentally
retarded pupils.
Donald J. Arnold, BPE'62, MS(San
Francisco State) has been named the
outstanding student in the graduate
recreation program at Indiana University. For the coming school year he and
his wife (Gwendolyn M. Amor. BEd'59),
will both be teaching in the department
of recreation and park administration.
They expect to return to Canada when
Don has finished his dissertation research.
. . . Another doctoral candidate, Gerald
E. Dirks, BA'62, MA (Queens), has
spent the last year doing research at the
National Archives in Ottawa. This fall he
returns to Brock University where he is
lecturing in political science. Gerry, who
is totally blind, has recently been appointed to the national council of the
Canadian National Institute for the Blind
which is responsible for the institute's
nation-wide programmes. . . . The Ford
Foundation is financing studies of legal
education at several American universities. Robert L. Felix, BA, JD (Cincinnati), MA'62, LLM (Harvard) is a
member of the research group at the
University of Southern Carolina, where
he is a member of the law faculty. . . .
Robert A. Long, BCom'62, presently at
the   University   of   Michigan,   on   leave
from the faculty at the University of
Saskatchewan, was presented with a Seagram Business Faculty Award at the
recent meeting of the Association of
Canadian Schools of Business at York
University. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Brian Marson, BA'62, MA'64, (Wendy Dobson,
BSN'53) will be attending Harvard University for the next two years. Brian will
be at the Kennedy school of government
and Wendy at the school of public
health. They have been living in Ottawa
since their return from India as CUSO
volunteers two years ago. In Ottawa
Brian was in charge of the CUSO Asian
program and Wendy was with the Canadian International Development Agency.
John M. Curtis, BA'63, PhD(Harvard),
an economist specializing in wages and
prices research, has joined the staff of
the International Monetary Fund in
Washington, D.C. . . . The federal
government commission on poverty has
two UBC grads on its staff. Michael J.
Clague, BA'63, and G. Peter Penz, BA
'63, MA'69 are members of the research
Richard T. Atkinson, BCom'64, received his MBA at the spring congregation of York University. Mrs. Atkinson,
BHE'64 (Eileen Anderson) is teaching
with the North York school board in
Toronto. . . . Gunter Schramm, BA'64,
PhD(Michigan) who has been teaching
at the University of Manitoba has
joined the faculty at the University of
Michigan as assistant professor of resource economics. ... A Pulitzer travel-
by your Trust Company
• As Executor of your Will
• As Administrator
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or Administrator
• Efficiently
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16 East Broadway,
Vancouver 10, B.C.
Telephone: 872-7844
Owned and controlled by Credit Unions and
Co-operatives in Western Canada.
Give your wife this runaround
DATSUN 1000 $1845
That's all it takes to give her the neatest little package
on wheels. It wrings up to 40 miles from a gallon of gas
and goes over 80 miles an hour. There are reclining bucket
seats and carpets and all the extras a woman appreciates.
Give your wife this runaround. She'll love you for it.
Canada's Largest Datsun Dealer
and in Calgary at 5707 Macleod Trail
31 Elizabeth J. Burrell
ling fellowship has been awarded to
William H. Willson, BA'64, who attended the Columbia school of journalism last year. Currently he is in Hollywood producing educational television
programs. He plans to make use of the
fellowship next year Following a year at Dalhousie University
working on his master in education degree,
David A. Lynn, BEd'65. has been appointed vice-principal at Vanier Jr. High
School in Halifax. . . . Gordon W. Mackenzie. BSA'65, DVM(Saskatchewan) has
returned to Williams Lake to open a
veterinary clinic. Last June he was a
member of the first graduating class
from the new Western College of Veterinary Medicine at the University of
Saskatchewan. . . . Henry A. McKinnell,
BCom'65, MA, PhD(Stanford) is now
with the Brussels office of the American
Standard Corp. One of his duties will be
to act as 'trouble shooter' for the company's operations in several European
countries, including Spain, Italy and
Nurudeen O. Adedipe, BSA'66, PhD
'69, is now on the faculty of the botany
department at the University of Guelph.
. . . Residence director at the brand-new
YWCA in Vancouver is Elizabeth J.
Burrell, BA'66. She recently returned
from a two-year term with CUSO,
teaching school in Kenya, and she is now
responsible for interviewing prospective
residents, and setting up programmes
for the 150-room residence wing.
Patricia Marsden, BA'67, has joined the
staff of the department of industry,
trade and commerce in Ottawa as a
foreign service officer. During the last
two years she has attended the College
of Europe in Belgium, where she was
granted a certificate in political science,
and more recently she was working as
assistant to the director of studies at
the British Institute of Management in
MRS. basford, BA'55. LLB'56, (Madeleine Nelson Kirk, BHE'61), a son,;
Daniel Ronald, June 14, 1969 in
Ottawa,   Ontario.
mr. and mrs. richard s. cole, (Sheila
Stuart. BA'58, BED'59). a daughter.
Elizabeth Ann. February 18. 1969 in
Menlo Park, California.
mr. and MRS. PHILIP o. dobson, BSF'62
MBA (Oregon), (Moyra DeWolfe,
BSA'60, MSA'62). a son. Hamish De-
Wolfe. March 22.  1969 in Vancouver.
MR.     and     MRS.    ROBERT    B.     MANSFIELD,
BArch'62, (Lynne Rogers, BA'60,
MSW'63). a daughter. Erica Lynne,
May   10,   1968   in   Calgary,   Alberta.
MR.     and     MRS.    CLENDON     P.     MARSTON,
BASc'65, MASc'67. twins, a boy and
a girl. lune 25. 1969 in Boston, Mass.
DR.     and     MRS.     GORDON     M.     MACKENZIE,
BSA'65, DVM (Saskatchewan), a
daughter, Dalerie Grace. June 20, 1969
in  Burnaby,  B.C.
MR.  and   MRS.   ROBERT L.   PORTER,   BA'59.
BSW'60, (Barri Ellen Worthington,
BHE'60), twin sons, Aaron Thomas
Jeffrey and William John Douglas,
August 10, 1969 in Belleville, Ontario.
robertson-cunning, John Adams Robertson to Peggy J. Cunning, BA'68,
May 31, 1969 in Kamloops, B.C.
turner-craig. Keith Turner, to Rosemary Ann Craig. BMus'66. July 5,
1969 at Shawnigan Lake, B.C.
wood-skeith. F.F.. Allen Wood, BSc'64,
MSc'66 to Linda Jeanne Skeith, BHE
'64,  April   5,   1969  in  Vancouver.
For That Very Special
International mams now
available to highlight your
individual theme
Regency Caterers
1626 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
rrm "
Export A
Ormarmj ^fafj/ (^ar€^e
32 barratt-maclagan. Christopher J. C.
Barratt, BASc'64 to Jane MacLagan,
July 11, 1969 in Vancouver.
curtis-pepall. John M. Curtis, BA'63,
PhD(Harvard) to Anne Mary Kathleen Pepall, June 14, 1969 in West-
mount,  Quebec.
rush-batiuk. Clive Rush, BSc'65, BASc
(Oregon), MASc(Cornell) to Carol
Batiuk, BEd'68, July 12, 1969 in Trail,
wickens-scott. Gordon Glen Wickens,
BA'69 to Beverley Joan Scott, BA'68,
June 5, 1969 in Vancouver.
An Apology:
To Ernest F. Wilks, BASc'26 and
Murray R. Euler, BCom'52 ... we would
like to assure the friends and classmates
of both these grads that they are alive
and well—contrary to the report in the
June issue of the CHRONICLE—and
living in Vancouver and Victoria,
William James Andrew, BCom'35,
May 29, 1969 in West Vancouver. He
was   secretary-manager   of   the   Building
Supply Dealers' Association and an active community worker as a director of
the Junior Forest Wardens of B.C. and
as a director of the International Order
of Hoo Hoo. He is survived by his wife,
daughter and son.
Dr. Theodore H. Boggs, BA(Acadia),
MA, PhD(Yale), LLD'30, June 11, 1969
in Ladysmith, B.C. He was the first
faculty member and chairman appointed
to the economics department at UBC
and was designated professor emeritus
in 1957. His teaching career included
terms at Yale, Dartmouth, Stanford
and the University of California. He is
survived by his son, Theodore R. Boggs,
BA'29 and two grandchildren.
William N. Buckingham, BA'27, May
1969, in West Vancouver. Following
graduation he articled and practised law
in Vancouver for 17 years before becoming a professional actor. His interest in
the theatre began with the Players' Club
at UBC and continued to the Vancouver
Little Theatre and later professional
appearances on radio, television and the
stage. One of his best known roles was in
the CBC Radio program 'The Carson
Family' of which he was a member for
25 years. Between 1945 and 1960 he was
associated with Theatre Under The
Stars as an actor and director and later
as general manager. He is survived by
his wife, son and sister.
Fred Theodore Collins, BASc'38, June
1969 in Vancouver. Following graduation he joined the B.C. Electric Co. and
held several positions in that company
and its successor, the B.C. Hydro. In
1960 he was made superintendent of all
Hydro generating plants on the Lower
Mainland. He was a member of the B.C.
Professional Engineers' Association and
a  senior member of  the American In-
Out of this door walk
the best dressed men
in Vancouver
r     71/ SHI
Hutchison, slip-cased, was produced originally by the National Film Board
of Canada to mark the 100th Anniversary of Confederation. Measuring
a generous 15" x 12", the book contained no less than 260 colour plates
drawn from the best work of the N.F.B. over Ihe years.
The book is to be reissued in the fall at the
$35.00. Advance orders can now be taken.
exceptionally low price of
919   Robson  St. 684-4496
670 Seymour St. 685-3627
1032 W. Hastings St. 688-7434
4560  W.   10th  Ave. 224-7012
for that
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the Liquor Control Boa: d or by the Government of British Columbia
615 Burrard St., Vancouver, B.C.
Break-away in a great new
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in Bowell McLean's
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Member of
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Secretarial   Stenographic
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1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
stitute of Electrical Engineers. He is
survived by his wife, son, and two
Rev. Father John Brooks Costello,
BCom'39, May 11, 1969 in Spokane,
Washington. He entered the Society of
lesus in 1941 and was ordained in 1954.
After teaching for several years he was
appointed chaplain to Sacred Heart
Hospital in Spokane. He is survived by
his parents and sister, Mrs. Gordon
Calderhead, BA'43 (Joan Costello).
Mrs. James Curr, BA'33 (Murial Audry
Reid); Mabel Agnes Hind, BEd'60; Mrs.
Ruth Schwarze Russell, BEd'60. August
1, 1969 in Tanzania, Africa. They were
members of a group of B.C. teachers on
holiday in Africa. The bus in which they
were travelling left the road, killing
eight of the 16 passengers. Mrs. Curr,
survived by her husband, James Curr,
BA'35, mother and sister and Miss Hind,
survived by two aunts, were teachers
with the Vancouver School Board. Mrs.
Russell taught in the Nanaimo school
district and is survived by a sister.
Russell Edwards, LLB'65, accidentally
luly 1, 1969 in Cranbrook, B.C. He
served for eight years with the Royal
Canadian Air Force as a pilot and instructor before attending UBC. Following graduation he established a law
practise in Cranbrook. He is survived
by his wife and four children.
Auke Johan Hondema, BArch'63, May
1969 in Calgary, Alberta. He was an
architect with the Calgary School Board
and is survived by his sister.
Mary  Isabel  Irwin,  BA'38,  December
1968 in North Vancouver.
John Joseph Elliot Mahoney, BA(To-
ronto), LLB'50, June 14, 1969 in Vancouver.
Audrey Jean Orchard, BA'50, April
17, 1969 in Santa Monica, California.
She is survived by her parents.
Eric Richard L. Ould, BASc'64, accidentally August 16, 1968, near Calgary,
Alberta.  He is survived  by his parents.
James Murray Putman, MSW'47, LLB
'66, April 20, 1969 in Vancouver.
Frank Fenner Rush, BCom'35, May
29, 1969 in Vancouver. He was president
of Pacific Leasing Corp., having joined
the company in 1962 after 25 years with
MacMillan Bloedel Ltd. During the
Second World War he served as a captain
with the Irish Fusiliers. He is survived by
his wife, son, two daughters, his mother,
three brothers and a sister.
Albert Brian Thompson, BEd'47, May
1969 in New Westminster, B.C. For over
40 years he was associated with the B.C.
school system as a teacher, principal
and most recently as a special counsellor and director of tests and measurements for the Abbotsford School District. His numerous community activities
included work with the Retarded Children's Association, the Big Brothers, and
the Matsqui, Sumas and Abbotsford
community centre. He was a past president of the Abbotsford Rotary Club
and had also held office in the B.C.
Teachers' Federation. He is survived by
his wife, two daughters and five grandchildren, n
People People People
Orient Orient Orient
808 West Hastings Street
Vancouver 1, B.C.
(Official agents for
U.B.C. Alumni Charter Flight
to Japan 1970)
For Your Personalized Service
34 The Great Trek Spirit Lives On,
There's an easier way to get to EXPO 70 in Japan:
In the comfort of an Air Canada jet with the UBC Alumni Charter Flight.
Vancouver - Tokyo  return
June 26 to July 16, 1970
Mr. Russell Fraser, BASc'58,
UBC Alumni Japan Charter,
c/o 6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
Vancouver 8, B.C.
phone: office: 228-3313
residence: 684-4894
in full on application, or—
• $ 50 per person, on application
• $ 80 by November 30,1969
• $100 by February 1,1970
• $100 by April 1, 1970
ELIGIBILITY: the charter flight is
restricted to UBC alumni, dependent children and parents of
and accommodation are not included in the charter flight price
but are available through World
Wide International Travel.
35 V
»•%, *•*


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