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UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1974

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ntinuing Americanization
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VOLUME 28, No. 3, AUTUMN 1974
A Commitment to Higher Education
Murray McMillan
Josephine Margolis
Once Again, It's Do It Yourself
Barry Pavitt
Why the Americanization of
Our Universities Continues Apace
Robin Mathews
Especially If The Students
Are Senior Citizens
Geoff Hancock
28       BOOKS
30       NEWS
34       SPOTLIGHT
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The MuiWm i.4*_
Makes The """ii*
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EDITOR Clive Cocking, BA'62
Susan Jamieson McLarnon, BA'65
COVER Annette Breukelman
Alumni Media, (604-688-6819)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Erich Vogt, (BSc, MSc, Manitoba), (PhD, Princeton), chairman: Chuck Campbell, BA 71; Mrs. Beverly
Field, BA '42; Harry Franklin, BA '49; Geoff Hancock,
BFA 73; Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba),
(PhD, Chicago); Ian MacAlpine, LLB 71; Robert
McConnell, BA '64; Murray McMillan, Law 1; Mrs. Bel
Nemetz, BA '35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA '46, MA '48,
(PhD, Washington);
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British
Columbia, Vancouver. Canada. BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES:
Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
(604-228-3313). SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all
alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year; students $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES: Send new address,
with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records, 6251 N.W.
Marine Dr., Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 2067
Member American Alumni Council. V
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See it this Fall.
'    V     \%   -     t    ifawaSc^trauel if)foonation^visit-*ffl^8t^ CoTum&ia Information Centre, or write;
'*•""'   •   " ; *%* :*om^CS^m^Depsaiment of TravlRnJi^he|gWharf Si, Victoria. B.C., V8W 2Z2. DOUGLAS KENNY:
A Commitment
to Higher Education
Murray McMillan
He says he thinks five years is long
enough for any one man to be head of an
institution of higher learning, so on June
30, 1980, Douglas Timothy Kenny may
very well walk out of the office of the
president of the University of British
Columbia and breathe a great sigh of
On that date he will have completed a
five-year contract to which he and the
board of governors agreed on June 18.
There was. of course, polite language in
board chairman Allan McGavin's announcement the following day which
said the contract many be extended if
agreeable to both parties — but consideration of extension is half-a-decade
For the moment, one fact is certain:
When Walter H. Gage steps down from
the UBC presidency on June 30 of next
year, Douglas Kenny. 51, will be waiting in the wings to replace him. The
board has given him a five-year term in
which to see what he can do to shape
UBC's course.
There are many who would argue that
it is difficult for a president to do much
shaping at all.
In the quiet of the living room of his
Point Grey home. Dr. Kenny, who for
the past four years has been U BC dean
of arts, was asked why he would take
the position, a question he has half-
humorously asked himself many times
in the days since his appointment was
announced. He says there are two
major reasons: "It (the office), has a
leadership quality to it. that's one
reason, and I think the other is that I
have always had a commitment to
higher education. It may sound corny
but i simply do have a commitment and
I've always been willing to do what this
university has asked. It is. in part, paying back what I would say is a debt to
the university."
Dr. Kenny's association with UBC
goes back more than 30 years. He is a
native of Victoria and in 1941 enrolled at
Victoria College, (now the University
of Victoria) which was then affiliated
with UBC. He remained there until
1943, when he moved to UBC, studying
two years and completing his BA in
1945. Two years later he received his
MA in psychology from UBC. He followed that with three years of work as a
teaching associate at the University of
Washington in Seattle. He returned to
UBC in 1950 to take a position as a
lecturer in the psychology department
and was awarded his doctorate by the
University of Washington in 1952. Except for a two-year leave of absence
from 1963 to 1965 during which he was a
visiting professor at Harvard, he has
been at UBC ever since.
He is a widower with two children.
John. 16, and Kathleen. 12.
From the time he took over as head of
the psychology department on his re
turn from Harvard in 1965, through his
appointment as assistant dean of arts, in
1969, to his present position, Dr. Kenny
has built a strong reputation among faculty as a deft administrator and a man
who backs his faculty's wishes. All indications during the guessing-game
which preceded the announcement of
the president-designate indicated that of
all candidates for the job, Kenny was
definitely the choice of the faculty.
But while he may have been the
academics' choice, he was certainly not
the man many student leaders wanted to
see get the post.
Students in senate and leaders of the
Alma Mater Society and other student
groups have often been critical of
Kenny's handling of matters within the
Faculty of Arts. His roles in a 1970-71
tenure dispute in the English department, in recent troubles within the
music department as well as his position
on student representation on arts faculty committees have all drawn fire
from student leaders.
However the attitude toward the man
seems to be changing. He was appointed during the summer months
when there are relatively few students
around to react to such decisions. Some
students who have worked with him
since his appointment have come away
with changed attitudes. It will be during
the coming year, when Kenny makes
the shift from dean to president, that f'  r
Jr/v'V. students will make an assessment of the
Dean Kenny looks on the time between now and his assumption of the job
next July as a transition period for him:
"I think this coming year is a good
time for me to shake the perspective I
have as a dean and to try to gather a
wider perspective. In other words you
could say I've had a perspective as a
student here, as a faculty member, as a
president of the Faculty Association (in
1962), as a head of a department and as a
dean. Now hopefully during the coming
year 1 can shake those roles and acquire
the perspective of a slightly different
kind of person.
"I think a university president has to
look after not only the interests of the
faculty, but he must also see to the interests of the students and the non-
academic staff, and when the results of
his decisions have a wider impact, he
must consider his obligation to the
larger community (outside the university).
"He's got to fulfill all of those functions if he is going to be a successful
president. In other words he simply
cannot be an advocate for one special
interest group."
Dean Kenny sees one of his main
tasks in the coming five years as essentially a public relations function — getting outside the university to explain the
needs and worth of higher education to
the British Columbians who each year
foot the lion's share of the bill.
"One of the most important problems
facing the university today is improving
the climate toward higher education,"
he says. "This is true not only in B.C.
but across Canada. The University of
B.C. must try to explain to the population at large the true nature of the university."
He believes the two major roles of the
university are to provide high-quality
instruction and to encourage research.
He says he hopes to work with the new
presidents of B.C.'s other public universities— Dr. Pauline Jewett of Simon
Fraser. and Dr. Howard Petch of UVic
— to promote higher education in the
Walter Gage is not a "public" sort of
person (he shys away from the
limelight) and neither was former SFU
president Kenneth Strand a public
figure. Kenny sees part of his job as
becoming a more visible figure in the
While he is out beating the drum for
the universities' cause within the larger
community, he would like to see more
community participation at UBC.
In the provincial budget, this spring,
Premier Dave Barrett exercised some
muscle by putting the financial squeeze
on B.C.'s universities. He told them, in
effect, that if they did not come up with
innovative programs which would reach
out into a wider community, their
budgets would be frozen. There was
only a whimper of response from the
universities, indicating, perhaps, a reluctant realization that they were guilty
as charged. Community involvement is
one problem Doug Kenny will have to
face during his term of office.
Kenny says UBC is doing more in
that area now than it is likely given credit for.
"We have taken steps to alter the
regulations so they would permit more
students to enter part-time programs,
and all of those things were taking place
before Premier Barrett saw fit to criticize the university on that score.
"The reason the university was slow,
I think, is because it was never fully
perceived that there was a need out
there for increasing its offerings. That
need has yet to be fully determined.
"We will get a little better picture of
that need this coming year because we
are expanding our offerings within the
faculty of arts and the faculty of science
in the evening. It will be very interesting
to see what kind of public response
there is to the program."
Dean Kenny admits one obstacle that
must be overcome is finance. At present
the Centre for Continuing Education,
which handles the bulk of nonprofessional extra programs, is required
to be, for the most part, self-supporting
— the programs must pay for themselves. "As far as the academic programs are concerned, they should become more and more the responsibilities of specific faculties and be run
as regular parts of the faculties' curriculum."
There should be no distinction between day and evening programs, he
says — it should be just one long, extended day. The financing should not be
separate for day and evening classes.
The relationship between the universities and the provincial government is
being changed with the establishment of
a Universities Council under the new
Universities Act passed at the last session of the legislature. UBC, SFU and
UVic will in future take their budget
requests to the council, which will assess them and then request a block sum
from the provincial coffers and divvy it
up between the institutions.
Dean Kenny is optimistic about the
council and its function: "If I understand what the government has done by
creating a Universities Council, they've
in effect turned over a large part of the
control of the university, as far as government intervention is concerned, to
this council."
He says whether the universities will
be more or less subject to external pressures because of creation of the council
will depend on who is appointed to it.
All the members will be government-
appointed, and students, faculty and
/ have always had a
commitment to higher
education Culoid
for die Inside
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■" 'J . *' ■ One of the most
important problems
facing the university
today is improving the
climate toward higher
staff of the universities are specifically
excluded from appointment by the Universities Act. "My feeling is that if good
people are appointed, the council cannot help but be good for higher education in the province."
He appears to be optimistic about improved relations in several fields — between the university and the provincial
government, between the three public
universities in the province, and between faculty, staff and administration at
Kenny's relationship with students
has not been a consistently quiet or
amicable one, but he points out that in a
faculty as diverse as arts, where students are perhaps more concerned and
more involved with social issues, it is
impossible not to become controversial
in some matters. Dean Kenny came
under fire from student leaders last
November for his stand on the issue of
representation for students on the faculty council which at that time was
composed of 454 professors.
At the direction of the council Kenny
had established a committee to recommend a formula for giving students a
voice in the faculty's affairs. That
committee recommended students
comprise five per cent of the council
which would have meant only 23 student representatives. Other factors also
met with student disagreement.
Speaking during the debate over the
issue at the time. Bill Moen. then president of the Arts Undergraduate Society, said:
"First, (the formula) does not allow
for student representation from first and
second years. Second it prohibits student representation on some important
committees which the senate recommendations (guidelines on student representation) would allow.
"Third, it involves electing student
representatives to senate by a mail ballot through a registrar, thus eliminating
the constituted element and individualizing the decision about student
representation completely."
There were charges that Kenny was
autocratic in his handling of the issue,
because he would not revise the formula.
Dean Kenny defends his actions saying: "The faculty of arts instructed the
dean of arts to establish a committee to
establish the formula for student representation. They brought in a report
and the faculty overwhelmingly endorsed that report. Now once faculty
overwhelmingly endorsed the report, as
they did. then I stand by that report, and
I make no apologies for that. I stand
back of whatever the faculty recommended. Now if that's autocratic, then
I'm autocratic."
He continued: "I think the assumption is quite often made by some that the
dean simply calls together his 500 fa
culty people and says 'This is what we
are going to do ladies and gentlemen,
and I want you all to stand up and vote
yes." I've often thought that if this is the
case, then my life could have been
easier — not that I've ever thought the
goal in life is the absence of tension."
Students were also critical of Dean
Kenny in 1971 when he did not appoint
any students to an inquiry which was
investigating the denial of tenure to two
assistant professors in the U BC English
department. He stated at the time that
submissions of information and opinion
on the issue were welcome from both
faculty and students, but the attitude
seemed to be that only faculty were
competent to make decisions on such
academic matters.
During a week of heated debate and
public meetings over the tenure issue.
Kenny decided not to appear at the
gatherings or become publicly involved.
He sent a message to one meeting saying that he preferred instead to discuss
the matter with small groups of concerned students in his office. From the
student point of view. Kenny's actions
have been less than satisfying, but it has
consistently been apparent that he had a
great deal of faculty support for his actions.
When Dean Kenny was named
president-designate, at least one student leader. Alma Mater Society president Gordon Blankstein expressed
strong disapproval of the board of governors' choice. Blankstein told the
press: "It's bad for students, it's bad for
the university. I don't know what we're
going to do about him." He cited
Kenny's handlingof the arts representation issue and other student grievances
as reasons for opposition to Kenny's
But two months later. Blankstein appeared to have moderated considerably
in his opinion of the man. "I've had a
number of meetings with Kenny over
the summer and he has been very honest
and open — he seems deeply concerned
with problems that face both students
and the community." said Blankstein.
"I was outspoken against him. but by
sitting down and working with him my
respect has grown tremendously. I
think we're all working toward a common end. the improvement of the university, and it's our responsibility to
help in any way we can."
During the next 10 months, as Doug
Kenny moves toward assumption of the
president's office, all factions within the
university — students, faculty and staff
— will be watching his actions and attitudes, wondering just what kind of
president he will be. At the end of five
years, the verdict will be in. □
Murray McMillan is a first year law
student and part-time writer for the
Vancouver Sun. New Hope For Sufferers
of Kidney Disease
UBC Researchers Work Toward a
Portable Renal Dialysis System
Josephine Margolis
Larry, moustached, blondish-reddish
hair is now 23. He works in the accounting department of a commercial equipment plant. He works a full eight-hour
day, five-day week.
His is a relatively normal life, with
one exception. For the past ten years,
and probably for as long as he lives,
there are two nights every week when
he doesn't go home.
The Vancouver General Hospital's
renal unit is where Larry spends these
nights undergoing dialysis — he relies
on an artificial kidney to keep him alive.
At the age of thirteen, his kidneys
stopped functioning. He was the
youngest patient in the province to be
admitted into the renal unit at the VGH
to be dialyzed.
Laughing with passing nurses and
technicians, lying legs crossed on the
bed, listening to the radio or watching
TV on a miniature set, Larry is relaxed.
He is accustomed to the tubes, one in an
artery, the other in a vein, in his arm. He
can glance to the box-like apparatus that
stands beside his bed to check his blood
pressure or water loss. The run is going
well. His blood is flowing through the
plate-like filter system, returning to him
without the poisonous waste products
that have accumulated since the last
Larry (which is not his real name) is
one of eighty out of every million persons who are affected by renal failure
each year. Without artificial kidney devices or kidney transplant programs,
the affected people would die from
uremia, a condition which develops
when the kidneys lose most of their ability to filter out waste products and excess water from the blood.
There are some 400 dialysis patients
in the province. Over one-half are
treated several times a week in one of
four renal units in Lower Mainland and
Interior hospitals. Another 150, of
those suffering from kidney failure, are
on home dialysis programs.
The Keil dialyzer, currently used in
most hospitals, was the first artificial
kidney device on the market. Needless
to say, it has saved lives ever since its
inception but it has medical and
economic shortcomings. The Keil
machine is relatively large and therefore
requires that a great amount of the
patient's blood supply be withdrawn at
one time, weakening and even
traumatizing the body.
It is also a costly machine. Together
with the dialysate storage tank, the apparatus that contains the cleansing
fluid, it costs about $4,000 and the estimated cost of one treatment in a hospital
ward is $60. Trained technicians are required to clean and sterilize the machine
after each treatment.
Aware of such deficiencies, Dr. John
Price, director of the VGH renal unit
and UBC professor of medicine, set out
to develop a better machine. He approached three UBC engineering professors and together, combining medical expertise and technological know-
how, they have developed a more
efficient, compact, less costly and potentially portable artificial kidney.
The operating principles of the process are retained: the kidney is made up
of the dialyzer, a filtering system.
Another apparatus mixes proportionately water and a concentrate fluid,
which osmotically draws the waste
molecules from the patient's blood. A
pump, which injects heparin, an anti-
clotting substance, into the blood
stream, stands nearby.
Dr. Price recognized the deficiency
of the Keil filter system and so approached Dr. Christopher Brockley,
BA'48, BASc'49, and Dr. Geoffrey
Parkinson, BASc'46, to develop a more
effective structure. Dr. Harold Davis,
BASc'64, MASc'67, PhD'71, took this
on as his doctorate project in 1966. And
after almost eight years of meeting
monthly, experimenting and testing, the
research group has reached the produc
tion stage of a capillary filter system.
Dr. Davis gives his reasons for favoring the capillary system: "It has a small
volume and a slower flow rate, which
means less blood is taken out of the
patient and it is handled more delicately.
"Blood," he explains, "is a very sensitive fluid. When it comes in contact
with foreign surfaces or if it is allowed
to stagnate it will clot. It is easily
traumatized at high flow rates or by turbulent surfaces and so the flow must be
in organized layers, with no mixing or
disturbance. The smaller the amount of
blood, the more chance of achieving
The newly-developed prototype,
which the researchers call their evaluation model, is about the size and shape
of a twelve-ounce package of Black
Diamond cheese: ten inches by three
and one-half by two. Its estimated retail
cost is about $30 and its projected life is
five to ten treatments. It is made of plastic and can therefore be disposed of
after a few uses. The capillary device
does not require sterilizing or extensive
cleaning between uses. It contains 3,000
capillaries or tubes, each is one-ten-
thousandth of a square metre.
How was the model devised?
Dr. Davis worked with theorems and
mathematical equations, took predicted
results and optimized a system. "Math
won't tell you to use a capillary version,
but once you have made that decision it
will tell you how to implement it. I
studied each part of the unit, proved
that it works and then built a prototype.
The next stage is to get the device into
full scale production."
Dr. Price, a nephrologist, whose
background in honors physics and
mathematics enabled him to discern the
possibility of improving the treatment
technology, explained the reason for initiating the project.
"I know a lot about the history of the
treatment and I know that not one of the Mechanical engineering research
associate Dr. Harold Davis, left, and
kidney specialist Dr. John Price, right,
compare the compact UBC-developed
artificial kidney (in Dr. Davis' hands)
with the large kidney machine, in
foreground, currently in hospital use.
... Using a capillary system of filtering
wastes from a patient's blood, the new
device (above) is the size of a small
block of cheese.
artificial kidneys constructed to date
has been built on proper theoretic principles of physics. They have all been
built, utilizing whatever materials were
available to the inventor at the time."
Dr. Parkinson added: "The machines
presently in use at the VGH are bulky
and inefficient. Dr. Price could see
there was a fluid mechanics problem —
the blood wasn't being distributed
efficiently throughout the machine and
too much blood was being taken from
the patient."
The traditional filter systems are
either plate-like systems or coils. There
is one entry point and the blood must
spread out over a large area in order to
be cleansed at the most efficient rate.
The capillary version, which is smaller
and has thousands of filtering surfaces,
is more suited to handling human blood.
"The capillary version answers most
closely the function of the human kidney. There are a large number of tubes
with a small internal volume and resistance to blood flow is reduced," said
Dr. Davis.
"But the nightmare of creating this
type," he admitted, "was the problem
of getting the blood into each one of the
3,000 tubes. We have a multitude of
entry points, whereas in the Keil there is
only one to worry about."
Attention was directed to construction of the manifold to solve these problems. The platform for entry of the
blood would be responsible for uniform
distribution of the blood, organized and
smooth flowing.
With federal and provincial government, and later private, funding and an
adequate supply of capillaries from an
American supplier, the researchers
were able to build a number of prototypes and the principles of operation
were tested successfully on dogs. The
model was then used on a patient in the
VGH in conjunction with a Keil for
several months.
Al Bernardo, 27, who has been on
dialysis treatment for six and one-half,
years is the first patient to try the
newly-developed capillary dialyzer. In
an interview at the VGH renal unit, Al
said he felt better during the two months
that the experimental device was used
because smaller amounts of blood were
taken out of his system. Al, who has had
two unsuccessful kidney transplant operations, and who now has no kidneys at Mechanical engineering professors
Dr. Geoffrey Parkinson, left, and Dr.
Chris Brockley, right, review data on
the new kidney machine, which they
hope to eventually make portable.
all, is dialyzed four times a week.
"Since I was 16, I've been slowing
down. I was getting headaches doing
track and field and so I saw Dr. Price. A
few years later I had to start on the
artificial kidney," he said.
One of Al's major problems after a
"run" is loss of weight and blood pressure. He may come in weighing 170
pounds and come out at a little over 160.
But, Al admitted, "I eat anything I
want, big steaks, lots of fruit, and even
drink beer, so I guess that partly accounts for it." A low-potassium, salt
and fluid diet is essential for kidney patients.
Once the prototype was proven on
animals and a human, the researchers
were faced with the harsh reality of
transforming an academic, benchtop
project into a commercial venture when
the American supply of capillaries was
cut off. There was no alternative, the
engineers had to move into the production of their own miniscule plastic
tubes. But soon they found themselves
in need of a financial patron and so
Hoffman-La Roche Ltd., an international pharmaceutical firm, based in
Switzerland, with an offiice in Vaud-
reuil, Quebec/stepped in to support the
project. A National Research Council
PRA1 grant (production-research-
assistance to industry) had carried them
through the researching stages along
with provincial funding from the department of health, but when it came to
making the prototype, which cost a total
of $100,000, an industrial reality, the
Canadian government turned down
further grant requests.
Dr. Brockley said: "We're looking at
a large market once the device is in a
commercial saleable form — a gross
market revenue of about $40 million a
He explained that although the patent, which is pending, would be in the
university's name, the four professors,
as well as Hoffman-La Roche, would be
recipients of the profits of such sales.
Spin-off benefits of the device are
"It is not unfeasible to have the
dialyzer hooked to the lower leg or arm
of a patient and attach a container of
dialyzer," explained Dr. Brockley.
"The patient would be continually
dialyzing himself and for this reason the
whole machine could be scaled down,
perhaps to a cartridge unit."
Dr. Price said CP Air maintenance
planning engineers are, on a voluntary
basis, designing and building a
suitcase-size proportioning system — a
machine that will mix tap water with the
dialysate concentrate. "This addition
would make the whole system freely
portable. For instance, a patient could
plug it into a tap in his hotel room. He
would only have to make sure that he
has a supply of the concentrate solution."
"To further miniaturize the dialysate
storage container we will make use of a
technique used by Dr. Tom Chang of
McGill which allows the dialysate to be
regenerated. Ultimately, what is the difference between a normal person drinking a glass of water and going to the
bathroom to void and a dialysis patient
going to fill up his dialysate container?"
Dr. Price said.
Dialysis is a way of life. Whether it is
done in a hospital unit, home or, if in the
future there are portable devices, it re
quires a total readjustment on the part of
the patient.
Dr. Ted Reeve, head of the transplant program at VGH, said psychiatric
treatment is a prerequisite for treatment. "Patients are assessed before
they are admitted to such a treatment
program. For instance, we had a patient
who requested to withdraw, because he
just couldn't take it. In such a case the
patient would gradually feel weaker and
weaker, drift off to sleep, never to
wake. Depending on his or her diet, he
could survive for three days or even a
Dr. Price described the renal unit as a
"social club", for some patients, "a
way of getting away from home". "It
has therapeutic value, but for others it is
difficult to adjust to." he said.
A nurse at the VGH renal unit, Janice
Chausse, expressed her view: "There
are a lot of patients that have trouble
adjusting here even after years and
years of treatment. It's a feeling of being
disabled and some are more affected by
this than others. Then there are those
who think of this as their work for the
week. They put in their time here and
that's it, others push themselves harder."
Larry, who completed two years at
Vancouver Community College, before
taking a full-time job. is an example of a
well-adapted patient. He realizes that
his condition affects his stamina at
work. "I get a bit more tired than the
other guys. I can keep up with them but
in my own way. 1 do things a bit slower,
but I still get them done."
But. even Larry has occasionally a
"rotten run". "Sometimes I feel as
though I could touch my stomach and
feel right through to my spine. It is as
though everything has been taken out
and nothing has been put back," was his description of an unusually difficult
treatment session.
Dialysis often precedes a transplant
operation. Dr. Price explained that a
patient may be dialyzed until a suitable
kidney for transplant is found. Transplant operations at the VGH average
about 10 annually and usually depend
on the availability of an organ. If the
operation is unsuccessful a patient may
then be put on dialysis treatment.
Dialysis, no matter how efficient or
smooth, has its side effects. Most men
and women undergoing such treatment
are infertile. Women rarely have a successful pregnancy and men may be impotent. Increased level of waste in the
blood, loss of libido due to poor health
and the patient's emotional state are all
influencing factors.
Patients suffering from kidney failure
may appear to have a yellow complexion. It is caused by urochrome. a yellow
pigment, which is normally expelled
from the body with the urine.
Dr. Price said anyone, who is eligible
on the basis of medical criteria, can receive dialysis treatment. If a patient has
terminal cancer or serious heart disease, he or she may not be dialyzed. A
heart patient would not be able to withstand the strain of pumping his blood
through such a device.
Age? There is no limit to the age of a
person who may be dialyzed. A patient
in their sixties or seventies, who can
manage the rigors of treatment will receive it.
More controversial is the problem of
treating pediatric patients. Growth of a
patient, who is being dialyzed. can be
seriously hindered, although new
methods of encouraging growth by increasing calorie intake overcome this to
a great extent. Opposition to treatment
at a young age is usually based on social
considerations — is it worth it oris it fair
to keep a child alive who will for the rest
of his life be so dependent on a
The cause of kidney disease is basically unknown. Dr. Reeve speculated
that it may be an "immunological disease". "The body's immune system
against infection becomes misdirected
— other than this we don't know," he
said. Doctors can often trace the disease to hereditary background or
chronic infection but even in such cases
the original cause is not know.
Nor do doctors know how long
dialysis patients can survive under
dialysis treatment. "They will continue
for the rest of their lives, but how long
the rest will be nobody knows." said
Dr. Price. "They could live for 20 years
or 30 or they could not. But how they
live those years is what is important to
us." □
Josephine Margolis. BA'74, is a reporter with the Vancouver Sun.
Offices to serve you at
900 W. Pender St., Vancouver
590 W. Pender St., Vancouver
130 E. Pender St., Vancouver
2996 Granville St., Vancouver
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737 Fort St., Victoria
518 5th Ave. S.W. .Calgary
Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
13 %j>y\
_ t-*^**^*^
,:#•; Day Care On Campus
Once Again, It's Do It Yourself at UBC
Barry Pavitt
Bounding through the woods across
from their playground, the children
were noisy and cheerful. They were out
to gather wild flowers and "hunkle-
berries", as one little boy pronounced
it. With obviously great affection they
sought the attention of Monica all the
time — What kind of Hower is this?
Monica, there's a slug on the path.
Will you carry my bucket pU\ se,
Monica Mitchell is the supervisor of
Tillicum. one of the Parent Cooperative
Day-Care Centres at UBC. Her role as
far as the children themselves are concerned? "For each of them it's like
having a third parent." Lucky children!
Tillicum is one of eight day-care
centres on the campus; half of them for
children under three years of age and
the rest for three to five year olds. The
beauty of these centres is that they transcend the concept of merely sophisticated baby-sitting. They provide a
healthy social and educational environment for children and, at the same time,
a practical exercise in cooperative community experience for parents.
Day-care centres are good for families. Active parent participation in their
operation strengthens family relationships.
Looking around a centre one is impressed by the love and imagination
which have been lavished on it for the
benefit of the children. It's not a matter
of getting them out of the way while
their parents work.
In the yard are imposing play-sculptures, and sand-boxes, tire-swings and
climbing-nets. Inside the building are a
variety of books and records, games.
musical instruments, painting equipment and carpentry tools. Floors are
carpeted; furnishings are child-size.
Each child has his own locker-space for
clothes and for storing the paintings and
woodwork busily created during the
day. Children's drawings brighten the
One can sense the independence and
the friendly sociability which are being
cultivated in the children.
And the parents? Cooperative effort
is a very real requirement, well understood before they go into such a project.
Since the centres are non-profit ventures they cannot afford to hire outside
help (save for the trained professional
supervisors). All the facilities were constructed by the parents themselves,
who also look after the necessary renovations and maintenance.
Regular meetings are held and various tasks are assigned; everything from
book-keeping to cleaning out the animals' hutches. Although each centre
employs two full-time supervisors it is
still necessary for the parents to take
turns in assisting the staff for a number
of hours each week. (Government regulations stipulate that under-threes must
enjoy a ratio of one adult per four children, and for the over-threes that ratio
must be one adult for eight children).
Parents of the former can expect to put
in about two to four hours a week, while
the latter need about two hours a week.
This feature, too. has its family benefits since it enables children and parents
to see each other in situations outside
the home environment and reJation-
What separates the parent eooper-
15 atives from other group day-care facilities is the fact that the parents are
responsible for and active in setting up
programmes for their children, as well
as in the administration and organization of the operation. And this is not
simply a matter of keeping down the
costs. There is a positive enjoyment in
this endeavour, as the participants will
Cooperative day-care began at UBC
in 1967. Since then eight centres have
been founded and another is in the process of forming. A group of parents,
faced with waiting periods of up to a
year for a place in one of the established
centres (and this situation is particularly
difficult for new-comers to the university), decided to create a new one.
Margaret Bylsma explained the process.
First a building had to be found.
While, in the past, huts have been provided rent-free by the university, there
are no more available for the present.
After much time and effort, "phoning
all over the campus," her group was
able to arrange to rent a fraternity house
as a stop-gap measure until such time as
a university building became vacant.
But then this arrangement fell through
when some of the present occupants of
the fraternity house objected to "brats
Buckets don't have to be used for
carrying water or building sand castles
... they also make crowns fit for a
running around". Mrs. Bylsma's latest
hope is the possibility of buying a prefabricated structure, if the university
gives permission for it to be located on
campus. (In this event the parents will
have to pay off a mortgage in addition
to the other operating costs.)
Mrs. Bylsma's group (about twenty-
four, including two single parents),
then had to become incorporated in
order to appoint an executive able to
sign legal papers. After this a very detailed budget had to be drawn up and a
capital grant sought from either the
provincial government or one of the
foundations. This grant is used to purchase the basic equipment and facilities
for the centre, but the daily running
costs (like the salaries of the supervisors) must be met by the parents
themselves. Usual fees range between
$100 and $120 per month, but the provincial government, under the Canada
Assistance Act, has set up a very generous subsidization programme whereby, according to family income and
size, a sliding scale is in operation.
Parents may have to pay as little as $5
per month under this scheme. In some
cases, part of the expense can be deducted from income tax.
This new cooperative (Mrs. Bylsma
guesses the majority are students although that question "never came up"),
began organizing in April and they are
hoping that their new centre can become operational by November. It has
been an enormous effort, "getting a
building is the most difficult task, and
we have heard that the government is
increasingly reluctant to give UBC
groups any more equipment grants because there are already eight centres
on the campus." But, all in all, despite
the frustrations and delays "it has been
a very wonderful experience meeting
and working with the rest of our people
in this project."
All their work has been done on the
assumption that a grant will become
The very number of centres which
have become operational since the first
venture illustrates the pressing need
for day-care, and that need is growing.
The groups are made up indiscriminately of students, faculty and university
staff, many of whom live off-campus
but who want to have their children
nearby during the day. Some of the
participants are single parents who
would have the greatest difficulty in
studying or working but for day-care.
All of them recognize that their children
will benefit more from being in a centre
than by being kept at home with a babysitter (if one could be afforded), which
is a limiting experience for a child.
While the centres are autonomous in
their operations, there is a Day-Care
Council, made up of two representatives from each centre. This council
16 handles liaison with the government,
university and other outside bodies. It
also provides a forum in which the
centres may compare their problems
and solutions. A full-time coordinator
(whose salary is paid by the provincial
government) has been appointed to
serve in an advisory capacity.
At this point it is worth noting the
comparative roles played by government and the university in supporting
what is now becoming acknowledged
as an essential and valuable social
Goldie Maycock. consultant in the
Day-Care Information Office (which
functions under the department of
human resources), explains that the
government's policy is broadly supportive, not pre-determining. While specific
regulations have been laid down relating
to the licensing of supervisors, adult-
child ratios, basic equipment and space
requirements etc. the government's
philosophy is to underpin individual
programmes of day-care with a minimum of interference.
The types of programmes fall into
three categories: private, where an individual owns his property and equipment and rents out spaces for children:
non-profit board, which is a volunteer
community or church operation, organizing and administering day-care
facilities; and finally parent cooperatives.
In Vancouver generally, there are
about forty day-care centres of which
fourteen are private, fourteen are
non-profit board and the rest are either
co-operatives, or in the process of becoming co-ops. The government provides the same consultative encouragement for all these organizations and
fee subsidization for needy parents, but
it does not offer capital funding for private operators.
Basic government philosophy is twofold: no child should be denied day-care
for financial reasons and. more subtly,
day-care is no longer a social necessity
simply because a parent is working but a
genuine social benefit in its own right,
for adults and children.
This can be contrasted to the university's apparent attitude. On the positive
side, through the beneficent help of
Deputy President William Armstrong.
UBC has made available, on a provisional basis, several of the vacant huts
in Acadia Camp. But that is all.
Mrs. Maycock finds the UBC administration "balky." though the student organizations are very helpful.
She observes that, despite many requests, she has been unable even to get
the relevant figures relating to the number of children of students who are on
the campus. (The day-care council is
trying to establish a questionnaire for
this purpose). The housing administration has turned a deaf ear to her sug
gestions that some ground-floorhousing
units be made available to tenants willing to offer child and baby care; if new
residence complexes can be built for
students surely some provision could
be made for their children? (Again,
thanks to a grant from the Koerner
Foundation the Council is attempting
to investigate the possibilities of "in
home" care.)
There is absolutely no financial assistance forthcoming from the university — although grants have been made
by the Alma Mater Society, the Graduate Students' Association and the
various Graduating Classes, which
have regularly contributed some $2,000
to $4,000 each year.
So, while the student organizations
have been very useful in this way, the
university's policy is largely one of
laissez-faire. As a member of the daycare council put it, "the university
washed its hands of the problem. They
offer no help with funding nor with
admissions policy." A supervisor
added, without bitterness, "we are
under sufferance as far as UBC is concerned."
In contrast, Simon Fraser University
has undertaken to build a new day-care
complex accommodating up to 200
children on its campus (the eight cooperatives at U BC can offer places for
about 150). An independent consultant
was hired to make a study and survey
day-care needs, and architects have
been commissioned to proceed with the
planning. The entire capital expenditure
will be borne by Simon Fraser itself.
In one way, though, UBC is privileged compared with the rest of the
Vancouver community. The number
and concentration of day-care centres
at UBC is high. The intelligent, imaginative energy of parents in establishing
and operating them is also impressive.
UBC led in the creation and development of such cooperative institutions
and it saw the first under-three programme in the province.
But. it must be stressed, credit for
these achievements belongs to the
parent groups themselves; the students
who initiated them and kept them in
operation. Credit should also be given
to the professional staff who supervise
the centres. Their work is highly skilled
and supremely important in the healthy
development of the children. Salaries
range from $475 to $675 per month, so
they are certainly not in the occupation
to make their fortunes!
Space and money are the major problems. Especially in the winter the indoors environment tends to become a
little cramped, despite the fact that the
under-three centres are limited to
twelve children and the over-threes to
twenty-four places. The centres are
housed in old army huts (surplus university buildings), which the parents
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Just east of Vancouver, there's a
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it's ready now to bring a little magic
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write: Claus Ritter, General Manager, The Harrison, Harrison Hot
Springs, British Columbia, Canada.
Represented in the West by
Fawcett/Tetley Co.
17 What's a fence for but to climb, say
the rambunctious trio above, while,
below, the supervisor engages another
threesome in conversation and,
bottom, a young animal-lover offers a
tasty piece of grass to the centre's pet
have renovated; performing wonders of
ingenuity in removing walls, re-building
partitions, painting and carpeting.
Excellent service is provided by the
Community Health Centre nearby
("it's a great relief to know that we can
just pop over there if something serious
crops up"), which arranges for regular
visits by the public health nurse. A
pediatrician and a social worker are
also ready to help out with problems as
they arise. The faculty of dentistry contributes "brush-ins" to educate the
children in dental hygiene. Each centre
is responsible for its own legal commitments, however, and must make its own
arrangements for insurance.
Parents are responsible for supplying
lunch for their children, which ensures
that individual needs and preferences
are taken care of, but the centres do
provide milk, juice and snacks. These
are important since a child may spend
up to eight hours a day in the centre.
There is expert nutritional advice for
parents on request.
Each day a certain time is set aside
for rest periods in a separated "quiet"
area. Activities differ between the
under- and over-three centres, with the
latter gradually increasing the individual responsibilities of the children for
their own personal cleanliness and for
preparing the lunch and rest periods.
The over-threes are given a wide range
of excursions, like walks in the woods
or visits to the library. The variety of
such "field trips" is limited only by the
imagination and time available to the
Until such time as new facilities become a concern of other organizations,
applicants to join these parent cooperatives must wait upon the priorities of
the centres themselves. Is a girl or a boy
needed to fill a space? Will the child be
able to stay a year or only three months?
Can the cooperative afford to carry
another single parent (an important
consideration, this, with so much labour
to be done)? Questions like these form
the unwritten priorities that govern acceptance into a cooperative. This is why
so many new centres have burgeoned
in the last few years. The existing ones
must naturally select newcomers according to the centre's needs.
More adults are returning to further
education and more women were going
out to work. They require day-care
service and it is surely obvious that the
benefits accruing to society from these
trends make day-care a valuable innovation.
And the children? And the traditional
family structure?
Well the proof of that pudding is
readily apparent. The children are
happy and well-adjusted. Even so-
called "problem" children are helped
by exposure to expert attention from
the supervisors and the comradeship
of their peers. They live in an atmosphere of loving security which is enhanced by the participation of their own
parents. And their adjustment from
day-care to school is very easy.
The parents, freed to continue their
studies and careers, are more comfortable people for children to be with.
Development of individual personalities always makes for healthier relationships.
Writing in the pamphlet put out by the
day-care council, past-president Roderick Barman observed that "parent
cooperative day care, as it exists at
UBC, helps to preserve the home, to
strengthen the family structure, to
make better parents, and to teach children the precious gift of living in harmony with their fellow human beings."
It's a fair judgment.
Cooperative day-care has to be one of
the nobler innovations in our society,
as it gropes its way towards better lifestyles. Perhaps that little boy, with a
Proustian memory of "hunkleberries"
fifty years from now, will testify that
his parents were wise at UBC. □
Barry Pavitt is a Vancouver free-lance
18 "I'll only be two more days, hon,
love the kids for me."
"Dad's coming home Fluff.
You better have a bath!"
Long distance.
At these rates
it's not so far away.
Between 11 p.m. and 8 a.m.you can call most
places in B.C. for only 23 cents a minute
maximum, station-to-station, if you dial
yourself. Wouldn't someone love to hear
fromyou? &cm&
"He sounded
so close."
'You can talk with us." No Canadians Need Apply
Academic Nationalist Robin Mathews Explains
Why the Americanization of our Universities
Continues Apace
In a few short months, on December 11,
1974, to be exact, we will be celebrating
the sixth anniversary of the drive to
Canadianize the universities. What we
will be "celebrating" on that day will be
the faculty association meeting at Carleton University at which my colleague.
James Steele, and I presented a brief
and a set of recommendations on the
foreign takeover of the universities —
what has come to be known as
Americanization. The day was highly
publicized, and the issue was. for history, officially launched, though there
had been growing mutterings and even a
few publications on the question prior to
December 11. 1968.
The terms set at that meeting have
described the discussion ever since.
The reasonable desire to see Canadians
and Canadian materials take fair place
in the university system was smeared
into wild charges of racism and anti-
semitism and offense against human
rights codes. The contempt felt for
Canada by many immigrants was translated into claims that "excellence" is
produced abroad, that Canadian materials are unavailable or inferior, and so
on. Such claims were and are supported
heavily by timid Canadians — expe-
cially those with degrees from foreign
The six years from that first meeting
have been, personally, along, long haul.
The struggle has never ceased. The
years have been spent in a process of
special studies, unending travel, lobbying, speaking, acting as ombudsman in
particular cases, and keeping the matter
before as large a public as possible. The
personal story, however, is only interesting. I believe, for what it tells
about the larger issue.
That issue is still vitally present. The
problems   —   all   the   problems   of
Americanization — are with us, now.
still, increasingly.
I will discuss the success of the campaign, its failures, its style, and responses to it. Where are we now? 1 will
answer that question. But before I look
specifically at the parts of the
Americanization of Canadian universities. I want to stand back and say a few
things about the whole picture, about
the terms of the discussion, of any such
discussion in Canada. The university
question is not isolated and it cannot be
examined as an isolated phenomenon.
Canadians who desire the self-
respect, sovereignty, and self-
determination of this country are not
well represented in the governments of
the land. One has only to look at the
facts of foreign ownership and control
of the periodical press, the book publishing industry, and of film making and
distribution, as well as those activities we are more likely to mean when we
speak of "the economy" (mining, fossil
fuel production, secondary industry) to
see that the facts of foreign takeover
have been before Canadian governments for decades — and Canadian
governments have done little or nothing
to turn the tide of foreign takeover.
They have not even held the line on
takeover, let alone create meaningful
programs of repatriation by which they
could not only gain back self-
determination in the country but also.
and of critical importance, give each region a self-sufficiency presently undreamed of by many.
The milieu that Canadians work in.
then, when they wish to achieve justice
for their own people — in any sphere of
activity in the country — is a milieu of
surrender to and cooperation with
foreign control. Only a small hand -
full of presidents have even publicly
affirmed the idea that Canadian universities should have a workable majority
of Canadians on faculty. Both President
Walter Gage, for instance, and then
Arts Dean Douglas Kenny quite recently, in a dispute over hirings in the
English department, defended procedures that discriminate against Canadians. Both, at the same time, of course,
articulated a fine-sounding theoretical
procedure for hiring at UBC.
When the Moir Commission was inquiring into foreign influence in higher
education in Alberta a few years ago
(with a U.S. research director!) the
presidents of the University of Alberta
and the University of Calgary appeared
before the commission to attack the
concept of Canadianization. Their universities are among the most
Americanized in Canada.
The governments of Canada operate.
for the most part, with an attitude of
surrender to and cooperation with
foreign control — especially in cultural
matters — and provide no leadership on
the general subject of Canadianization.
Why. then, should we expect leadership
on the matter from university administrations? University presidents and faculty aspiring to university management
positions smell out government attitudes and fall in with them. The executive members of faculty associations are
usually non-Canadians or Canadians
who aspire to university management
positions, and so they have acted precisely as university presidents have.
The Canadian Association of University Teachers and its affiliate bodies
have been an active force working to
prevent justice being achieved for
Canadians in their own university system.
All that sounds like a cynical view of
things. But the view is founded upon
unshakeable evidence which is available and clear. One way of getting perspective on the problem is to think of it as
existing in another country. We know
that if the kind of information that has
been brought forward in Canada had
been brought forward in Britain. France, the U.S.. Germany. Russia —
almost any other country in the world —
that country would have passed sane
legislation to provide just treatment of
its own people within eighteen months.
Six years after revealing foreign hirings in some years as high as 75 percent,
foreign presence in some disciplines as
high as 80 per cent, overall foreign faculty presence between 35 per cent and
55 per cent (the argument still goes on),
and foreign PhD students making up 50
per cent of the total in Canada — there
still has not been a word of legislation
written on the matter by any government in Canada.
Today foreign hirings are still half of
each year's new hirings. This year the
proportion of U.S. citizens in Canadian
universities advanced nearly a full percentage point, even though many U.S.
immigrants are now taking Canadian
citizenship and so vanishing from the
U.S. count.
No government in Canada has the
slightest intention of making sure that
excellent Canadians are trained and appointed in a significant majority to the
universities in its jurisdiction. The
western Canadian universities are demonstrably the worst hirers of non-
Canadians, especially in the intellectual
Certain facts that are characteristic of
the situation are still denied. We pretend Canadians aren't available when
they are. We pretend certain jobs need
remarkable refinement of qualification
when they don't. We pretend that
foreign hiring committees really search
for Canadians when they most often
don't. We pretend that universities will
"clean their own houses"" which they
won't. We pretend that Canadians
aren't afraid and they are. One of the
strong characteristics of the present
situation is the fear felt by Canadians.
Canadians are afraid — and they have
every right to be afraid — because they
believe they are coerced, and they believe revenge will be taken upon them if
they act and campaign in the Canadian
I heard that constantly repeated protestation made quite recently, again.
when I sat in on a political science class
dealing with U.S. takeover. The young,
untenured professor had attended the
meetings of the political science national organization at which the issue of
non-Canadian hiring was brought to the
floor and a resolution presented. He
told his class that senior non-Canadian
faculty were watching carefully to see
how the untenured members voted. He
went on to say that he knew, as did
others, that the non-Canadian faculty
would take revenue on voting, unten
ured Canadians who stood up to be
counted on behalf of action against
foreign hirings. A student asked him.
"How did you vote?" The professor
admitted that he abstained though his
convictions about the issue were very
strong. "What good would 1 be to my
classes." he asked, "if I got knocked
out of the university system by foreign
That was a Canadian discussing the
fear he has of taking a public stand on
Americanization of Canadian Universities The irony of the situation is. of
course, bitter. For universities and/or
governments could change the situation
overnight simply to assure a reasonable
measure of justice for Canadians.
Neither universities nor governments
will take the simplest, most reasonable
steps on behalf of the citizens of this
country. Six years ago we asked that all
positions coming open in Canada be
fully advertised in the country. Today,
only about a third of the jobs available
are advertised properly in the country.
It would be perfectly reasonable for
universities and governments to say
that no job can be filled by a non-
Canadian if a qualified Canadian is available. No university or government
will say that and then provide the convincing machinery to make sure it happens.
Applications for most positions now
number anywhere from 250 to upwards
of 500. A simple set of rules need to be
made now — especially because of the
failure to do anything up until now.
Generous advertising must be conducted in Canada. After that, subject to
a rigorous review system, no non-
Canadian should be hired if a competent
Canadian is available. Finally, except in
extraordinary circumstances, foreign
scholars should be given only appointments of stated terms, relinquishing
their positions as their terms run out and
as Canadians become available. When
the universities are satisfactorily
Canadianized. then the rule could be
changed to assure that a modest number
of non-Canadian scholars come on a
permanent basis.
As things exist now. discrimination is
still practised against Canadian students. Canadian faculty, and Canadian
materials — and the discrimination is
practised with the consent and often the
active assistance of governments and
university administrations.
Take medicine for example, lt is a
good case because it is a "science". It
doesn't deal with "culture". But Canadians are discriminated against daily in
the practice of medicine in the country.
The federal department of health and
welfare has projections of medical
needs until 1981. Their study takes for
granted that we are training 1.200 doctors each year and importing 1.200. By
1981 they expect that we will be training
21 "N
Canadians If
But Not
Academic Hiring at UBC
The Maple-Leaf-waving promotion
of Canadian academic nationalism
which a few men like Robin Mathews have undertaken across the
country has not been enthusiastically embraced by most UBC faculty.
Most persons express mildly-
patriotic sentiments, but their views
stop far short of supporting anything
like a quota system for the hiring of
non-Canadians to teach in Canadian
universities. While this proposal has
been raised (by students) and discussed in senate, the university has
yet no overall policy governing the
hiring of non-Canadian faculty.
Some individual departments, however, have their own rules. But the
general opinion seems to be: find the
best person for the job and if he or
she is Canadian, so much the better.
It wasn't until 1964 that UBC began keeping a record of the nationality of the faculty it hired. In August,
1973, the number of full-time faculty
whose citizenship was known to be
Canadian was 572, or 49.7 per cent
of the faculty whose citizenship was
(The factor of known citizenship
is important in these figures. In August, 1973, of a total of 1,653 faculty
employed full-time, the citizenship
of 501 was not known. The office of
academic planning explains that
members of the unknown category
have all been on staff for a least 10
years; many are Canadian by birth
or citizenship, others are landed immigrants and long-time residents of
In 1973 there were 297 known
Americans who made up 25.8 per
cent of the total whose citizenship
was known.
In the period between August,
1970 and August, 1973, the percentage of Americans in the known category decreased from 27.6 to 25.8,
while the percentage of Canadians
on staff increased from 46.4 to 49.7.
As faculty leave the university to
retire or teach elsewhere, the number of unknowns decreases — in
1970 there were 558, in 1973, 501.
(Figures for 1974 were not available
when the Chronicle went to press
but they were expected to show a
continuation of the trend between
'70 and '73 — an increase in the
number of Canadians and a decrease
in the number of Americans).
During the 1970-1973 period the
percentage of faculty from the British Isles and other countries also
The problem of non-Canadian influences arises not so much in the
professional faculties, like law and
medicine, but in sensitive cultural
areas such as English, sociology and
political science, says Dawn Aspi-
nall, a Canadian, who is a senior
instructor in UBC's English department.
"One doesn't object to having all
kinds of cultural influences at the
university, but what is worrying is
having one non-Canadian cultural
influence emerge to the exclusion of
the others," she points out.
Mrs. Aspinall feels the idea of a
quota system might be plausible in
theory, but she sees no way of administering it. She suggests universities regulate hiring by requiring
that all senior administrators and
persons in the position of department head or higher, be Canadian.
Dr. Roy Daniells of the UBC
English department succinctly expresses what is probably the concensus among faculty: "My point of
view is an extremely simple one:
providing a given slot is open at a
given rank and salary, the first attempt should be made to get a Canadian. That search should not end in
a little group of people discussing it
around a luncheon table. Only when
a decent and honest search does not
find a qualified Canadian, should we
then turn to a Briton or an American."
But he is quick to add: "The idea
that this is anti-anybody must be
totally ruled out. This is strictly pro-
Dr. Walter Young, formerly of
UBC and now head of the University of Victoria's political science
department points out that in recent
years Canadian universities have
spent large sums building graduate
schools, and that the products of
these schools must be recognized.
"If we're going to fund expensive
graduate programs, then to not reap
the benefits of those programs by
hiring Canadian graduates, strikes
me as very short-sighted," he says.
But Dr. Young says imposition of
a quota system would remove much
of the flexibility in hiring which is
essential in a university.
UBC president-designate Douglas Kenny says he feels quotas are
bad for any institution of higher
"Once you go down that path you
are likely to find other grounds for
imposing quotas, so pretty soon
you'll have quotas for redheads and
quotas for blondes, people who part
their hair in certain ways and the
"I certainly think the university
president should be a Canadian, but
beyond that I would say it should
be the best qualified individual for
the specific job, whether it be male,
female, Canadian, non-Canadian, a
person with a degree or without a
—Murray McMillan
22 about 1,400 and importing about 1.200.
They are wrong of course. We will be
importing, as population rises, more
that 1,200. Each year the medical
schools of this country turn away
thousands of highly qualified young
Canadians who want medical careers.
Those careers are being reserved for the
citizens of other countries. That is active discrimination against talented
young Canadians. But worse, the United Nations has condemned Canadian
action because it robs underdeveloped
countries of desperately needed doctors
who come to Canada in order to make
more money. Still we do it. If you speak
to the imported doctors, they won't
show very strong concern for the Canadians who are not getting a chance in
their own country. Governments know
that situation exists. The federal government, in fact has done the projections. But they are content that young
Canadians will be discriminated
Governments and university administrations are content, across the
board, that Canadians shall be discriminated against.
The answer is simple, brutal, and offensive. Canada is an economic colony
and a cultural colony of the U.S.A.
Shipping out wealth in enormous quantities, Canada must attempt to "live
cheap", to get trained personnel other
countries have paid for. Moreover, the
colonial-mindedness of Canadian administrators makes them prefer non-
Canadians. In the last few years the
proportionate intake of U.S. scholars
has risen; the proportionate intake of
other non-Canadians has fallen. We are
increasing the numbers of people from
the country that is the greatest threat to
In a colony the people who work for
self-determination are always coerced.
That is why there has been a solid wall
of successful opposition to demands for
even reasonable legislation on the university question. That is why university
presidents have thrown up their hands
in horror at the idea of Canadianization,
saying that there might be something in
it but it is so strident and ultra-
nationalist they cannot act in any positive way. Sad to say, the vast majority
of university presidents have to prove
they will never do anything of
significance before they are considered
qualified for the job. And they must
prove they will never offend even the
thoughts of governments. The people
who sell-out. of course, are always well
paid off and promoted. For those who
wish to observe the mores of the society
the lesson is soon learned. To sell out
pays. To fight for justice for Canada and
Canadians is not appreciated and is
The people who sell out usually see
themselves as "middle-of-the-
roaders", "sensible people", those
who hold the gates stoutly against extremists of all kinds. But strangely, in
their role of middle-of-the-roaders and
holders of the gates against extremism.
they have permitted the increasing
takeover of the universities since the
alarm was first sounded. They are like
those people in the economic sphere
who see themselves in the same way,
but who have permitted an escalated
situation of takeover since the alarms
sounded with the publication of the
Watkins Report of the late 1960's.
The fundamental truth about the
struggle to Canadianize the universities
is that it has led to failure — to limited
failure. It would be nice to say that the
struggle has led to success, even to limited success, but it hasn't. Why must
the position we have achieved be called
a limited failure? There is not a government in Canada that has been convinced
of the need to Canadianize to the point
of taking any definitive steps. There is
not a university in Canada, either, that
has moved unequivocally. Finally, the
number of foreign scholars grows
apace every year in Canada. Those
facts describe a failure to Canadianize
the universities. They make clear also
that the major power holders in the culture of Canadadonot desire and will not
work for self-determination in the culture.
That should not be a surprise. The
O'Leary Royal Commission Report on
periodical publications in 1962 achieved
nothing. Nothing was done then or has
been done since to repatriate the periodical press. The struggle for self-
determination in the periodicals field
has been a failure — a limited failure.
The struggle to build an independent
and culturally self-determining film industry in Canada has been a failure — a
limited failure. The struggle from the
Watkins Report through the Wahn Report and the Gray Report for self-
determination in the non-cultural
economy has been a failure — almost a
total failure.
Seen in the light of the failures in
other areas to do anything serious about
the takeover of Canada, the failure to
win the Canadianization struggle is of a
piece with our general national failure to
win self-determination on any level for
the people of Canada. We remain colonials in a colony of the U.S.A. What has
happened in the struggle against the
Americanization of the universities that
lets us call it a limited failure?
1. Awareness has been heightened.
Canadians now know that Americanization of the universities is part of the
whole colonization of Canada.
2. Statistical gathering agencies like
Statistics Canada are now collecting
some reasonable materials on the issue.
Statistics Canada has only been nearly
23 credible in the last few years of factfinding. Even now, the system of
gathering information is faulty.
3. Three commissions have been
struck without, of course, any effect.
There has been the Moir Commission in
Alberta, the all-party Commission on
Economic and Cultural Nationalism in
Ontario, and the Symons Commission
or the Association of Universities and
Colleges of Canada Commission on
Canadian Studies that will have spent
about $200,000 by the time it reports this
The Moir commission recommended
nothing. The all-party Ontario commission made some fairly strong recommendations which have not, of course,
been acted upon. That commission recommended everything that Mathews
and Steele recommended in 1968 as well
as some additional recommendations.
The Symons Commission will make
some solid, safe recommendations.
They will be ignored.
4. Here and there, without any consistency or seriously articulated
policies, a few more Canadians are
being hired. The proportion of Canadians being hired has improved a little.
But that fact must be seen in the context
of the number of hirings. The number of
hirings has been halved in the last year
or two. The fact that half the hirings are
now Canadian instead of a quarter
doesn't mean that there has been any
improvement in the search processes to
find Canadians abroad, in the planning
processes to see that Canadians are available, or in the surveillance processes
to see that non-Canadians are not bringing in non-Canadians when Canadians
are available.
5. Canadian materials are being
studied more now than they were six
years ago. We have gone from a state of
almost total deprivation to a state of
partial deprivation. Despite an untiring
attack upon Canadian materials, de-
"spite phony "Canadian Studies" programs like the one at Simon Fraser University which serve to cover up the lack
of Canadian material in university
studies, despite the stranglehold by
U.S. interests on educational publishing, our university courses are focussing more on Canada.
6. The arrogance of some people from
metropolitan countries is now disguised
(not transformed). They, very often,
have the same contempt for Canada and
Canadians that they have always had.
Now they dissemble. Now they pretend
enormous interest.
7. The Canada Council which was
taking applications from non-Canadians
before they ever set foot in Canada has
been forced, most reluctantly, to modify its policy slightly. Canada Council
now demands that foreigners live a year
in Canada before they have unimpeded
access to the money of Canadian tax-
payers, often to waste it, seldom to
spend it with very much intellectual
profit for this country. The council has
floated a few other ventures, too, partly
as a result of the criticism of their non-
Canadian giveaway policy. But those
programs are not directly related to the
8. The two-year income tax holiday
that the federal government operated
for the benefit of foreign scholars,
whereby visiting professors were exempted from tax, appears to be at an
end. For some years many foreign scholars took what they intended and declared they intended to be permanent
jobs. Then they went to the bursar's
office and signed a statement that they
would not stay longer than two years.
The federal government has, apparently, stopped the wholesale fraud that
was going on. Visiting professors are
now required to pay income tax, but
receive a refund when they leave after
two years. But the federal government
has refused to try for fraud people who
were visibly practising it.
For people who are used to working
within a system in which Canadians are
never given fair treatment in their own
country, the gains in the university
struggle may seem significant. But the
gains, in fact, only move a little way
towards getting justice for Canadians.
They don't in any way guarantee justice
for Canadians. One of the most reasonable, pale, and uncontroversial recom
mendations made right from the start of
the struggle was the recommendation
that all university positions be advertised, by law, in Canada so that Canadians could at least know what jobs are
Today, six years later, only about a
third of the jobs that come available are
advertised nationally. No province has
demanded, by law, full and fair advertising. Gains have been minimal. They
have modified the failure; they have not
changed failure to success. Canada is
still a country racked by a colonial mentality, preferring non-Canadians to
But the situation in the universities
cannot be understood properly unless
that last statement is seen very clearly.
Canada reacts in classical colonial fashion to demands that justice be provided
for Canadians because Canada is a colony. That statement, as I said above, is
simple, brutal, and offensive. But it explains what seems inexplicable, and it
makes quite comprehensible that the
failure to win the university struggle is
not a single failure. It is a part of the
failure over the last two decades to win
anything for Canadians, as we watch
power over our country flow away like
the blood from a large, ugly, mortal
wound. □
Robin Mathews, BA'55, teaches
English at Carleton University,
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25 Teaching Writing
For Pleasure
Can Be Fun
Especially If The Students Are Senior Citizens
Geoff Hancock
I'm going to tell some stories about
teaching creative writing to senior citizens at UBC this summer. On those
sunny mornings I carried books and
papers in a bag made of uncured water
buffalo hide. The bag, which I picked up
in Nepal a few years ago, has half a
dozen brass bells on the flap and, important to the story, a leather water buffalo
design sewn on front.
The course, writing for pleasure, was
one of several offered free to senior citizens during the six-week summer session courtesy of a $15,000 provincial
grant. With my buffalo bag by my side I
taught two one-hour sections twice
weekly in Brock Hall. Some of my
thirty-five authors were so enthusiastic
they risked the long journey on the
buses from the North Shore or Burnaby.
Instead of drab manuscripts on
houseplants and wee nephews, my authors provided experiences richer in
emotion and as adventurous as any wild
west fiction.
At the age of 75, Edith Mann packed a
blue leather suitcase and took a
seventeen-month jet plane trip around
the world, visiting extraordinary places
like Zaire, Senegal and Bolivia. Yet, as
a little girl in 1910, she remembers seeing B.C.'s first airplane displayed in
Queen's Park, New Westminster.
George Haywood's exciting account
of a lake storm in northern B.C. revealed just one of the hazards of logging
around 1920. A log the size of a telephone pole shot through the bedroom
wall of his houseboat.
Moving to central China with her
naval officer husband in 1934, Peggy
Macklin contributed this toothsome
goodie. The local butcher carried
chunks of meat and entrails in baskets
on a shoulder pole. One day a stray dog
tried to steal a piece of meat and the
butcher, with one swift motion of his
cleaver, chopped off the dog's paw.
Can creative writing be taught? Or,
how did I keep from boring everyone
silly with a ponderous backlog of rhetorical chatter? Well, first of all, I had my
buffalo bag. Jingling the bells, I would
offer such standard advice as, write
about what you know. Secondly, although the university doesn't provide
tablecloths or strolling accordianists, I
hoped to generate a sidewalk cafe atmosphere, with everyone sitting around
a workshop table discussing the letter
stationary and canary newsprint manuscripts.
I read the short manuscripts aloud.
UBC's summer school for senior
citizens attracted hundreds of retired
people like Harold Escott, left, the
oldest at 93, out to the campus to
study everything from Canadian
history to creative writing. Then the class, who enjoyed each piece
with a remarkable enthusiasm, applauded the author.
Could we pounce with vituperative
criticism? One lady, sitting quietly, like
a little owl, said timidly. "Yes, yes, we
want you to criticize."
The class, after some prodding would
shyly suggest there was "something
wrong" with one of the sentences. A
passive construction. A run-on sentence. Fragments. Foggy details. But
towards the end of the course, they
were marking up magazines with felt
pens, clipping out noteworthy newspaper columns (Judy LaMarsh won first
prize for her description of flying over
Vancouver) and best of all, they read
carefully. "I can really appreciate what
goes into editorials," one man said.
Most authors preferred autobiographical pieces, but Ivor Parry contributed a lusty story of a domestic
Some people, however, wanted assignments. So I reached into my buffalo
bag for some ingenious topics to shake
up dormant mental facilities.
How to tie a shoelace. From this uncharted wilderness I learned to tie army
boots, hockey skates, children's oxfords, ballet slippers and the von
Blutcher and Wellington boots of 1815.
The first Biblical reference to shoelaces
is Genesis 14:23 and primitive shoe ties
began in the Bronze Age. There are no
dull subjects, I said. Only dull writers.
1914. "Ah. I can see it now."
"Don't tell me. Write it down. Get
the energy through your pen."
Dayle Crawferd, as a seven-year old
in Scotland, was on her first beach vacation when war was declared. Her father
had to return to Aberdeen. To cover her
disappointment, she got a box of
"rock" and a Pomeranian puppy. Bill
McComb, as a ten-year old in Swift
Current, saw a street brawl the day
World War One broke out. One pugilist
bit the bottom lip off the other and spat it
at the boy's feet.
"Don't worry about grammar, technique or style," I said. "The important
thing is to fill up that blank piece of
paper. Write it at white heat."
"Not with my candle power." one
woman wrote.
With such solid lessons it is no wonder that some authors became starry-
eyed. When was the best time to publish? Could I recommend ghost writers?
I remember one woman in particular.
A vanity publisher would gladly publish
her memoirs for $4,000. I warned her
not to do it, that no reputable publisher
would take money from an author. She
said she wrote to other publishers but
they were not encouraging.
"I'm 83, you know. I've been
through the Victorian era.  I want to
leave a book behind but the publishers
say they have hundreds of 'that type'.
But my book will be different. Not like
those violent books in the library."
She added most publishers take up to
six months to reply.
"That's fine if you live to be 150," she
On the last class I received a dedicated Pome (sic) from Mary Agnes
Susanna Irving, "spinster, born August
1902 and still extant and obscure poet in
'74." The poem read in part:
You well could be a grandson
In years it might be said
Amused, no doubt, at oldsters
Flinging words from A to Z.
When gathered 'round your jean clad
We toss our prose upon your lap
Do you suppress a chuckle at the
generation gap?
Usually a crusty professional in such
matters, I broke rank and rewarded my
authors with a torrent of wild applause.
And the buffalo bag? As a parting gift
one class gave me a waterbird carved
from a buffalo horn. D
Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, a member
of the Chronicle editorial committee,
is completing a master's degree in
creative writing at UBC■
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27 Lester B. Pearson
As Mike Knew Him
Mike: The Memoirs of the Right
Honourable Lester B. Pearson,
Volumes 1-2.
Toronto, University of Toronto
Press, $12.50 each
It is clear that one of the legacies of the
Watergate affair will be a spate of
first-person accounts professing to tell
all. It is predictable that the range of
attitudes colouring these narratives will
be bounded on one side by abject contrition and, on the others, by shameless
rationalization. Although autobiographies and memoirs are far from being
the exclusive preserve of perjurers and
other men of doubtful credibility, one
always wonders what has remained unsaid. Some sort of litmus test is needed,
and Orwell's is perhaps as good as any:
"Autobiography is only to be trusted
when it reveals something disgraceful."
Here we have the memoirs of Lester
Bowles Pearson or. as he preferred to
be known, Mike. His name would certainly appear on anyone's list of greatest
Canadians ever and was probably as deserving of the title Right Honourable as
anyone this side of the Pearly Gates.
This is not the kind of ground in which
one would expect the seeds of disgrace
to flourish, and no disgrace surfaces.
There are a few self-deprecatory remarks about such minor issues as his
ability in mathematics and science, but
the strains of me a culpa are not to be
heard here.
This may be explained in part by the
scope of these two volumes, which do
not deal with the turbulent period of his
leadership of the Liberal Party and
eventual ascent to the office of Prime
Minister. The first carries the story
through the end of his career as a civil
servant to the day of his appointment to
King's cabinet as Secretary of State for
External Affairs. The second covers his
years in that office, beginning in September of 1948 and culminating in his
acceptance of the Nobel Prize for Peace
in December of 1957. Pearson died before this volume was completed, and the
final result is the synthesis of a variety of
sources by historians John Munro and
Alex Inglis. Although the first person
has been retained, the book is not, as his
son Geoffrey points out, the volume
L.B. Pearson would have written.
These were years when it seemed that
everything Pearson touched turned to
gold. But there are lines in these
memoirs that cause one to question
either the author's judgment or sincerity
in arriving at some of the conclusions
expressed. For example, Pearson says:
"We would never have gained the good
international position which was ours
during these years ... if we had become,
or seemed to be. an echo of another's
voice, especially that of the United
States." In fact, it was quite obvious to
many, and perhaps more so at home
than abroad, that Canada's freedom of
action was circumscribed by the
influence of the United States. The
question of the recognition of Communist China and her admission to the
United Nations is but one instance
where an unworthy inhibition prevailed.
The topic of Canadian-American relations is one which is virtually ignored
here, except for those cases where the
two nations interrelated toward the solution of world problems. Those who
would seek enlightenment on such matters as American economic penetration
and other threats to Canadian
sovereignty will be disappointed.
Another point upon which these
memoirs are unclear, and this is understandable since it would have been
awkward for anyone possessing a modicum of grace to articulate, is the reason
for Canada's enviable international
reputation which reached its zenith in
the decade discussed in volume two.
The reason is that the nation was able to
bask in the reflected brilliance of the
personal achievements of Lester
Bowles Pearson.
These achievements have been effec
tively de-personalized in these pages.
However, this is not to say that the
prose is cold, impersonal or dull. There
are moments, especially in volume two,
where the discussion of various negotiations is probably more exhaustive than
the casual reader would have wished,
but scholars will be pleased. This detail
is offset by many anecdotes and candid
assessments of world leaders, all presented with wit and literacy.
There was to have been a third volume of these memoirs, but we will not
see it now. This is a pity because it likely
would have been the most engrossing of
all. Fortunately, there are enough primary sources available from which to
produce a definitive account of the
years through 1968. However, those of
us who are curious will never know how
Pearson himself would have dealt with
what Peter C. Newman has described
as "the curious gap between Pearson's
glowing reputation before he became
Prime Minister and his flawed performance in power."
Nick Omelttsik, BA'64, BLS'66. is
head, reading rooms division of the
UBC Library. John Andrew Munro,
BA '62, MA '65 and A lex Inglis were researchers for the first volume and co-
editors of volume two.
J.D. Hobden: A Man
For The Underdog
May I Talk To John Howard:
The Story of J.D. Hobden,
A Friend to Prisoners
by Jean B. Wilton
Jean B. Wilton, Vancouver, $5.95
May I Talk To John Howard, the
printed-and-bound-in-prison volume by
Jean Wilton about an Englishman who
became a Canadian and went on to
become an eminent British Columbian,
has the kind of documented detail
that made Boswell's Life of Johnson
a permanent best-seller. Miss Wilton
visited people and places; wrote a sheaf
of letters; ran up telephone bills to get
responses that matched her own missionary zeal.
Lieut.-Governor Walter Owen told
her, "It seems that I have known
J.D. forever ... He never tried to indicate that he was anything other than
what he was, a simple Christian man
with great intelligence." Mr. Justice
Tom Norris surprised her with the
statement, "He is probably the most outstanding person that 1 have ever
Premier David Barrett gave Jean an
action shot of the man whose trail
she was sleuthing. The Social Credit
government had let the future premier
out at the Haney Correctional Institute
for moonlighting for the wrong political
party. The executive director of the
John Howard Society of British Columbia had taken the future premier to
lunch, had given him a job and some
fatherly advice and had sold himself
permanently to a future power in the
land. Mused the premier, recalling his
surprise socializing with The Rev.
Joshua Dinnage Hobden, clergyman
turned social worker, "That afternoon,
I talked with a very genuine human
J.D. was a clergyman, is still a clergyman and proud of it; and the brethern
of the cloth are proud of him. The Rev.
R.R. Cunningham of St. Andrew's-
Wesley, Vancouver, paid this tribute to
him, "I admire his honesty, forthright-
ness and humour; and his deep devotion
to the underdog."
J.D. Hobden served his client, The
Underdog, well as executive director of
the John Howard Society of British
Columbia for twenty-five years; as
western representative of the National
Parole Board for five years; and as
advocate and supporter, throughout his
long life, of any new idea, program or
institution that might improve the
chances of the man or woman he had
befriended returning to normal living
and full acceptance into the community. But he resolutely refused to let himself become either sucker or sucker-
bait. The author makes this clear on
page after page and in incident after
Few of us can walk with kings,
yet keep the common touch. J.D.
could and still can. His service club
was Rotary; the battalion of which he
become chaplain The Seaforths; his
doctorate is from Union. In court, he
cultivated the judge as assidiously as he
did the prisoner-in-the-dock; at the police station, the chief knew his face and
his handclasp better than did the petty
thief for whom J.D.. at the instigation
of a wife or a friend, had come to speak
the kindly word. In all his contacts,
high and low, Hobden was the man for
others; and the trick, if you want to call
it a trick, worked; as the growth of The
John Howard Society and the expansion of its activities testify.
Jean Wilton devotes the first part of
her book to her hero as gangling youth,
overburdened Columbian College student and activist circuit rider and pastor.
The names of the circuits he served and
of the pioneers who influenced him dot
the record: Kamloops. Salmon Arm,
Grand Forks, Steveston, Ryerson,
Vancouver Heights, Trinity; the men:
the two Whites, the two Sanfords,
Sipprell, Hetherington, Turner.
Robson and Peter Kelly stand out.
But the two men who really got through
to him were Bishop A.H. Sovereign and
Warden H.W. Cooper. Both of them
were characters: unique, stamped with
the seal of greatness; yet how
Hugh MacLennan writes in the August 1974 MacLean's. "The world of
today is so different from the one we
knew before 1960 that we have almost
forgotten what the other Time was
like." MacLennan, one of our best-
informed Canadians, must know that
the groundswell for the New Age began
with The New Penology (as it has come
to be called), with J.D. Hobden and his
wilderness cry for equality before the
law and in the pecking order for all
God's chilluns.
B.C. Penitentiary inmates now tell
the world, via radio and a Bannerman
Program, how mean everybody has
been to them; thus sweeping under the
rug a thousand year of "tuck them away
and forget about them" history. The
week-end pass, too, is of the New Time:
with its sudden marriages and honeymoon flights to Barcelona.
Such happenings panic the old guard:
but they are merely the crazy hats and
the fireworks associated with an upward
march towards the liberty, equality, and
fraternity the young mumble about.
May / Talk To John Howard
documents the solid achievements of
J.D. Hobden. of his friends and his admirers in easing the lot of the handicapped, the stupid, the foolish, the wilful
and the soured.
Do not let the loose writing and the
lack of an index turn you off. Here is a
model of grass roots investigating and
reporting and of what can be achieved
by dedication to a man and to a cause.
The proceeds from the sale of the
book will provide scholarships for
prison inmates who completed high
school while incarcerated. Jean Wilton
pinched pennies, cut corners, worked
her heart out. She organized committees, flooded John Howard societies across Canada with books on consignment, got grants and subscriptions. The
volume is a first in penitentiary publishing and binding, thanks to Jean.
If you think that all British Columbians do is sun themselves on the
beaches, read this book. You will find it
as fascinating as a copy of the Calgary
Jean Wilton, BSW'51, is a former
probation officer and caseworker with
the John Howard Society. Dr. C.W.
Topping, UBC professor emeritus
of sociology, a pioneer penal reformer
and a founding father of B.C.' s
John Howard Society, has written
widely on penology.
« Edward
The British have
a way with wool!
Two popular favourites from our
collection of fine sweaters
by Alan Paine, Pringle & Braemar.
The popular turtle ...
pure lambswool in a handsome
range of colors, 29.50
The ultimate luxury . . .
four-ply pure camelhair sweaters.
For yourself, or a great gift, 59.50
i Edward
A Ltd.
833 West Pender St., Vancouver, B.C.
Oakridge • Hotel Georgia • The Bayshore Inn
29 Grads To Swing
At The Commodore
It's a special year for the Class of '24 — the
50th anniversary of their graduation. And a
large group of over 80 alumni, spouses,
friends and honoured guests attended a
four-day reunion at the beginning of September. Centered at the UBC Faculty Club,
the program had campus tours, parties, and
lots of time to chat. Class chairman was R.
Murray Brink and Fred Coffin looked after
the science reunion.
The '49 Civil Engineers celebrated their
silver anniversary in June when over 30 of
their number and their ladies gathered on
campus to eat. drink and enjoy an after-
dinner program that included a class
president's address and "things". A good
time was had by all we understand.
One more anniversary for September. It is
10 years since the first class graduated from
UBC's school of rehabilitation medicine.
They marked the occasion with a reception
and dinner at the Faculty Club for alumni,
faculty and interning students.
Plans for the October 18 and 19 Reunion
The summer sun brought hundreds of
sunworshipers land others) to Tower Beach
below Cecil Green Park. An Impromptu
tent city (above) appeared on the beach
herm created by the Vancouver Parks
Board cliff erosion control project, which
was completed early in the summer,
f below) Two strollers in the surf and one of
the rock groins that forms part of the
control project.
Days weekend are proceeding rapidly with
excellent turnouts both for the "Big Band
Night" at the Commodore for the Classes of
'39, '44 and '49 and for the campus activities
of '29. '34. '49 Pharmacy, '54, '59 and '64.
There are rumours that '69 Law and Mechanical Engineering are planning something as
For the athletic buffs in the crowd, men's
and women's golf tournaments are planned
for the revamped University Golf Course
and the sensational third annual edition of the
Chronicle Squash Tournament and Bunfeed
at the Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre. To
sign up orjust get information call the alumni
office, 228-3313.
No Sexy Sloths In
Chronicle Histree
Have you wondered whether the Chronicle
has ever run an article on the sex life of the
South American jungle tree sloth? Or who is
Oscar Dungbeetle. BA'15. and why is he
saying those nasty things about UBC?
Well, you're in luck, the answers to these
— and other similarly important — questions
are now available. After a year's work by
David Chamberlin, MLS'74. the Chronicle
now has a complete index, covering right
from the earliest issues to 1973.
And we can tell you right now: No, the
Chronicle has never run an article on the sex
life of sloths. As a matter of pure interest,
there is a considerable academic controversy
raging as to whether or not they have sex
lives. (We at the Chronicle office prefer to
believe they do).
As for that Dungbeetle chap — forget all
the references to him. He doesn't exist. And
anyhow, who could imagine saying nasty
things about UBC?.
The development of the Chronicle index
was financed by a $2,500 grant from the Schwesinger Fund, which was set up by the
late Gladys Schwesinger, BA'16. to assist in
the maintenance of alumni association records. The index contains complete references to article authors, subjects and biographical notes of graduates mentioned in the
magazine over the years.
Auditions Open For
Big UBC Musical
Tap shoes to the ready all those who liked
last year's Mussoc production of No. No.
Nanette, because you'll love this year's
choice, GEORGE Ml, the musical biography of George M. Cohan. UBC's Musical
Theatre Society is billing this as their most
extravagant production in their 58 year history. The show will open in January in Victoria, followed by a two week run at U BC's
Old Auditorium. Producer, Leonard Lifcus.
BA'72, is looking for alumni and students
who like to tap their feet and whistle "Yankee Doodle Dandy", for the show. Auditions are October 5 and 6. for further information contact Leonard Lifcus at 685-1168.
Come, give your regards to Broadway...
Norman A. MacKenzie
Writing His Memoirs
Dr. Norman A. MacKenzie, president
emeritus of the University of B.C., is writing
his memoirs at the urging of family and
friends. His wide experience as farmer, student, soldier, teacher, university president
and senator will undoubtedly provide many
intriguing insights into Canadian life over 50
"Larry", who is now 80, has a wonderful
memory and recalls events, places and persons with vivid clarity. His taping sessions
are being compiled by Great Trekker Aubrey F. Roberts and Ralph E. Russell,
BCom'71. Some excerpts:
Autumn 1913
About this time they began to open up the
Peace River country and I felt that I had to
make up my mind whether to stay on the farm
or do what I had originally planned and go on
to university. I seriously considered going
north of Edmonton to the Peace River to
homestead. However, I made the final decision the other nay and early in the fall started
out for Halifax from Saskatchewan with a
hard-class railway ticket and fifty dollars in
my pocket.
Amiens 1918
A chum, George Talbot of Truro, and I were
scouts and were sent ahead of the regiment
before every advance. We were moving
across No-Man's Land into the German
trenches when we came across a bit of paved
road. The Germans had it bracketed with
machine gunfire and they were soon kicking
up dust at our feet. I don't think I ever ran as
fast or jumped as far to reach the old German trenches ahead of us.
Decision for UBC
/ had a difficult decision to make when the
University of British Columbia invited me to
become president in 1944.1 had been at New
Brunswick only four years and there was a
great deal to be done there. However, I conferred with some of my friends in high places
and they were unanimous in urging me to
move west. So I was able to say yes to Leon
Ladner, Q.C, and Col Harry Logan who
approached me on behalf of the Board of
The book is being published by the University of B.C. Press and is expected out in
the spring of 1975.
A Postie's Lot
IS Not    Specially, when he brings the
A Hsmnv        Alumni Records Department
A nappy       bags of A|umni -unknowns'..
OnG . ■ ■ So if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style... let us know — and bring a little
lightness to a postie's walk, (enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful)
Alumni Records
6251 N.W. Marine Drive
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1A6
(Maiden Name)
(Married women please note your husband's full
name and indicate title i.e. Mrs., Ms., Miss, Dr.)
Class Year
31 YACs Return To
Watering Hole
You're wondering maybe what that low
rumbling noise is way off there in the distance?
It's the clatterof hundreds of YAC hooves
storming on down to this season's Young
Alumni Club happy hours at Cecil Green
Park. The YACs are meeting once again for
suds and socializing Thursdays 8 p.m. to
12:30 a.m. and Fridays 3:30 p.m. to 1 a.m.
from September 13 to December 13.
Club membership is open to alumni and
students in their graduating year. Membership fee is $6 and information can be obtained
by phoning: 228-3313.
A Century of
Canadian Football
UBC Thunderbirds will celebrate 100
years of Canadian collegiate football on
November 2 with a "Century Day" home
game against the University of Alberta
Golden Bears in Thunderbird Stadium.
Some 40 university members of the Cana-
dain Intercollegiate Athletic Union are
participating in the centennial by each designating a scheduled game as "Century Day".
McGill. which participated in the first football game in 1874, will start things off on
October 5.
Canadian football first appeared on the
Point Grey campus in 1923-24 and has been
Richard Bonynge, Artistic Director
15th GREAT SEASON/1974-75
Four Magnificent Productions!
Donizetti: "Lucia di Lammermoor"    Wagner: "Die Walkure"
Verdi: "Rigoletto"    Gilbert & Sullivan: "Gondoliers"
Featuring International Opera Stars and the
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
All performances Queen Elizabeth Theatre, 8 p.m.
Tickets:  Vancouver Ticket Centre and its outlets in all Eaton's Stores
630 Hamilton Street, Vancouver, B.C. V6B 2R3
Telephone: 683-3255
Enjoy a total experience in music!
going strong!?) ever since. Bill Rose was the
first coach, followed in later years by Dr.
Gordon Burke. Norm Burley, Maury Van
Vliet. Greg Kabat. Orville Burke, Jelly
Anderson. Don Coryell. Frank Gnup and
Norm Thomas.
In the early days, UBC played locally in
the Senior Big Four League, as well as competing against the prairie universities for the
Hardy Cup. which UBC won on seven occasions. In the late 1940s and most of the
1950s, the Thunderbirds played American
football in the Evergreen Conference against
U.S. universities and colleges, but since 1959
has been part of the Canadian intercollegiate scene.
With new coach Frank Smith calling the
shots, the Thunderbirds are expected to
improve on their 2-8 record of last season.
With many of the stars of the past on
hand, the November 2 "Century Day"
game should be a Homecoming to remember.
1974 Football Schedule
Sept. 21 Seattle Cavaliers at UBC
Sept. 28 UBC at Alberta
Oct. 5 UBC at Manitoba
Oct. 12 Saskatchewan at UBC
Oct. 18 UBC at Calgary
Nov. 2 Alberta at UBC
Nov. 9 Manitoba at UBC
Home game time: 2:00 p.m. at Thunderbird
Committee Aims To
End Campus
If you've ever had difficulty finding your way
on UBC campus (and confess, we know you
have), the Chronicle would like to hear from
The editor of the Chronicle is an alumni
representative on the Campus and Periphery
Sign Committee which has the mighty task of
recommending ways of ending the physical
obfuscation of the UBC campus. That is to
say, ways and means of helping people find
their way to their destinations on campus.
The committee, under the chairmanship of
community planning professor Dr. Robert
Collier, is reviewing poor road alignments
and inadequate directional signs. Particular
attention is being paid to:
• the possibility of developing a campus
loop road (along part of Chancellor
Boulevard. Marine Drive. Tenth Avenue
and Wesbrook Crescent);
• a series of pull-off bays and campus
maps along the loop road;
• simplifying the physical layout of the
Tenth Avenue and Wesbrook Crescent intersection;
• possible development of a system of
street addresses for university buildings (e.g.
4987 University Boulevard):
• and improvement in the placement and
legibility — particularly at night — of campus
If you've had any particularly frustrating
experiences finding your way onto campus
for meetings or night classes, the editor
would like to hear about them to pass on the
the committee. Drop a note to: Editor. U BC
Alumni Chronicle. 6251 N.W. Marine
Drive. Vancouver. B.C. □
32 Everything's Under The Sun
in the UBC Alumni Travel Program
.... But especially UBC Alumni and their families who join this year's UBC
Alumni Association travel program. Destinations are Hawaii, Spain's Costa
Del Sol and Mazatlan on Mexico's Pacific gold coast.
HAWAII... many departures, with hotels
in Honolulu and Maui. Your fare includes
round-trip airfare, hotels, airport
transfers and porterage and in Maui, a
U-Drive car with unlimited mileage.
Special rates for children.
SPAIN ... two and three week holidays
on the Costa Del Sol, Spain's sunny
southern coast... package includes
round-trip airfare, first class apartment
accommodation, airport transfers,
porterage and other extras,
(golf and tennis tours available, too )
MEXICO ... two weeks of sun in   ,
Mazatlan, eight hotels and a range of
prices to choose from ... fare includes
round-trip airfare, airport transfers,
porterage and 14 nights accommodation.
And for the whole family ...
DISNEYLAND ... a choice of tours timed
to coincide with the school holidays,
October to April... reduced rates for
children ... tours include round-trip
airfare, airport transfers, porterage,
accommodation and a book of tickets to
Disneyland (includes gate admission).
Why not add the SPIRIT OF LONDON
to the spirit of your THANKSGIVING
this year? ... P&O, the British cruise line
has a super Thanksgiving Weekend
Cruise around Vancouver Island planned.
This sleek ship leaves Vancouver harbour
Saturday evening, October 12 and returns
early Tuesday morning. There's all the
fun of a traditional ocean cruise —
including duty free shopping and a
superb Thanksgiving dinner ... Come,
run away to sea ...
For complete details of departure dates
and costs contact the UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr.,
Vancouver V6T 1A6 (228-3313).
Wouldn't you like a place in the sun?
A man for all committees he's been called but
Orson Banfield, BASc'22, MASc'23, says he
won't name them all — "I've been on so
many it'd be like an organ recital." A former
Vancouver alderman, he's back in city hall
these days as chairman of the city's rental
grievance office. "Some of the most miserable tenants and landlords have come together
in our office — it's frustrating not to be able
to do much." He also deals with some of the
housekeeping of the city's cultural life, as
chairman of the civic auditorium board
which runs the Queen Elizabeth Theatre
among other things.
For the first time in 43 years Eric Kelly,
BA'30, MA'37 won't be there when that first
school bell rings in September. He has retired after a long career in the Vancouver
schools that included stints as principal at
John Oliver for eight years and Killarney for
the past five years.
J. Lewis Robinson, Arts'40, (BA, West.
Ont.), (MA, Syracuse), (PhD, Clark), is
back in his old job as head of UBC's geography department — just temporarily
though, until a new head is appointed. He
served as the first chairman and head of the
department for 22 years before retiring to
full-time teaching and research in
1968...Frank A.M. (Mack) Buck, BASc'43,
MASc'44, (PhD, Purdue), is the new chairman of the petroleum and petrochemical division of the American Institute of Chemical
Engineers....When Alfred Glenesk, BCom
'45. BA'52, MEd'64 was tapped to be the
first principal of Capilano Community College in North Vancouver he was vice-
principal of Vancouver City College. Six
years later he is back at VCC as principal of
community education services....Keeping
track of all those federal government
cheques is a new challenge for A.L. Duff
Macdonnel, BASc'48, (MS, AFIT). Former-
Charles Plant
Take three tons of choicest Okanagan
grapes,grown by a very good vineyardist
about three miles from Oliver; crush
carefully in a hand-operated wine press;
allow the resulting juice to sit awhile in
your basement (enjoy the lovely smell);
bottle when just right; and watch over
fondly until done (could be years). Yield:
1,800 bottles of very tasty Reisling wine.
And this is exactly what Charles Plant,
BSc'60, and his friends plan to do this fall.
The informal group of five, including
Cameron McLean, BSc'60 MEd'67,
head of the science department at Mos-
croft School in Vancouver and Michael
Gerry, BA'60, MSc'62. associate professor of chemistry at UBC, all work together on the project, sharing the results
for laying down in their cellars against a
dry spell.
Charles Plant has a kind of bubbling
enthusiasm for wine of all kinds and in
another age and monastic robes he would
have made a perfect little old winemaker.
But he's not little or old, though he is
trying to spread the gospel on the joys of
home winemaking. For the past two
years he has carried off top honors at
Canada's national amateur winemakers
competition. This year he won for two
wines, a sparkling B.C. Reisling made
with his favorite Chelois grape and the
other a sweet aperitif, "a real concoction
made from grape and fig concentrates and
dried bananas," a Madeira-type wine
that took five years to complete.
Next year's national competition, the
fifth, will be in Vancouver and Plant, as
chief steward along with the other judges
will not be entering (no hint of favoritism
there). In previous judging Plant has
"tasted some pretty ghastly stuff but on
the other hand I make some pretty ghastly stuff myself. But 1 have tasted some
incredibly fine wines in competitions."
The B.C. Amateur Winemakers Association — Plant is secretary — is host for the
event and is hoping for provincial government support. At this year's event the
Manitoba government, along with a
grant, sent some liquor board employees
as judges and observers.
These adventures with the grape have
their roots in the beer-making done by
Plant and McLean in their undergraduate
days. "We started brewing beer in fourth
year and went on for years, helping each
other, bottling and tasting. We got quite
good at it and we certainly enjoyed our
product." No special event marked the
change from hops to grapes but in 1967
they leaped in with 200 pounds of grapes.
"We make a fair amount of red wine
each year from the California Zinfandel
grape that is used by the majority of the
traditional wine makers in Vancouver.
I'm what I would call a non-traditional
wine maker. The traditional ones are the
Italians and other ethnic groups that
crush the grapes with whatever yeast
happens to be present and the devil take
the hindmost. Sometimes they have good
luck and other times they don't. It's not
very scientific." A physics teacher at
Templeton Secondary School, in an area
with many immigrant wine-makers, he is
sure he's convinced some kids to get their
fathers to use a little potassium
meta-bisulfide, to sterilize things and improve their techniques.
You don't become a winemaker overnight. There's a fantastic amount to learn
but if you use good grapes and sound
technique you reduce the chances of producing what the judges handbook calls a
"truly dreadful" wine. Winemakers
often make only small quantities. This
year was the first time in five years that
Plant and his wife Marilyn weren't out
picking a few ounces of dandelion petals
on the first Sunday in May ("too wet") to
make a gallon or so of very special wine.
He says the fun wines are nice to try "it's
hard to beat the grape" but the challenge
is there.
His description of the wine selection in
the B.C. liquor stores? "Unspeakably
bad". He and Marilyn have a modest collection of purchased wine in their cellar,
which is filled with dusty bottles and
multi-coloured ribbon rosettes, (just like
the cattle shows) from competitions.
"I'm hoping Mr. Macdonald, the
attorney-general, will come through with
his plans to increase the selection of
wines and to add some knowledgeable
individuals to the selection committee.
Will there ever be a really good B.C.
wine? He thinks it's possible. Some of the
Okanagan grapes have great possibilities
in the hands of someone who knows what
they are doingl'One day they will make a
fine wine of them and have enough guts —
financially as much as anything — to bottle it and write on the label. B.C. Chelois
and market it as that, not B.C. Claret or
something. When they make it well and
call it what it is. I shall let off fireworks!'
— SJM ly a lieutenant colonel in the Canadian
Forces, commanding the Forces base in
London, he resigned to be director of
the cheque redemption control division of
the government's accounting branch, department of supply and services in
Ottawa....G. Allan Roeher, BA'48. BSW'49,
(PhD, New York University), director of the
National Institute on Mental Retardation in
Toronto was the first Canadian to join a very
select group honored by the American Association on Mental Deficiency. The American organization presented him with its
Leadership Award for his outstanding contributions, nationally and internationally, in
the field of mental retardation. Part of his
citation read, "Dr. Roeher has led a quiet
revolution in humanizing services for the
mentally retarded."....A one-time president
of the Commerce Undergraduate Society.
Terrence R. Watt, BCom'49, went through a
rehabilitation program as a result of war injuries — so his interest in the field should find
lots of scope as he is now one of the three
commissioners of the B.C. Workers' Compensation Board. He returned to B.C. after
several years in eastern Canada with the federal department of manpower and immigration (five year stints as director-general of the
prairie region and the eastern region) and
later with the industrial relations firm. Peat.
Geoffrey Lewis Hearn, BA'50. is our man
in one of the world's hotspots. He has been
appointed Canadian ambassador to Thailand
Terrence Watt
and South Vietnam. For the past year he has
been attached to the public service's bicul-
tural program in Quebec City....Vancouver
county court judge, Henry E. Hutcheon,
LLB'50, was recently named to a new position on the supreme court bench...Allan S.
Binns, BASc'51, is now a vice-president and
director of Imperial-Eastman Corp.
(Canada), a company he has been with since
1969...Next January 1, the University of
Victoria gets a new president to replace
Hugh Farquhar, BA'38, MA'55, who has retired. The new man is Howard E. Petch,
(MSc, McMaster), PhD'52, currently
academic vice-president at the University of
Waterloo. In 1972 he was assistant secretary
for the federal ministry of science and technology and last year was commissioned by
the federal government to report on the future     of    the     Science     Council     of
Howard Petch
Canada....Can't find a thing to wear? Hilary
Yates Clark, BHE"52. is the person to consult. She's just been appointed coordinator
of retail fashions at Capilano Community
College. For the past six years she has been
active as a consultant with "Allergies Unlimited", as a part-time lecturer in interior
design and as a free-lance writer on interior
design topics.
Paul J. Hoenmans, BASc'54. is vice-
president, planning for the international division of Mobil Oil Corp. He has been with
Mobil since 1954. holding positions in planning, marketing, economics, exploration and
production...Gordon A. Thorn, BCom'56.
MEd'71. (MBA. Maryland), is the new principal of the B.C. InstituteofTechnology. He
had been vice-president of BCIT'sextension
division since 1966 and replaces Dean H.
Goard,   BA'32,  who  retired at the end of
35 June. Gordon Thorn is an old "alumnor" —
he was assistant director of the alumni association  in   1962-63 George Morfitt,
BCom'58, past president of the alumni association, continues to do wonders with his
squash racquet and that funny little ball and
finds that he has been ranked sixth in Canada
— the highest rating ever given a B.C.
player. (George, unfortunately, can't play in
the Chronicle Squash Tournament, he's too
good. Though last year he did attend to show
us how the game should be
played!)....Helping to keep things afloat in
the Port of Vancouver is Neil Michael Orns-
tein, BA'59. LLB'59. He'll look after the
legal problems as Port Counsel.
Our Honourable Members..
Early in July the Canadian electorate went
to the polls and returned Pierre Trudeau's
Liberal Party for another four year go-round
on Parliament Hill — this time with a majority, which takes some of the excitement out
of the Canadian political scene. On the
government side of the house finance minister John N. Turner, BA'49, (BA, BCL,
MA. Oxford) was returned for Ottawa-
Carleton; Ronald Basford, BA'55, LLB'56,
Vancouver-Centre, former urban affairs
minister takes over the national revenue
portfolio; Leonard Marchand, BSA'59,
(MSA, Idaho), who first went to parliament
on the wave of Trudeaumania was re-elected
by Kamloops-Cariboo. The new government house leader in the Senate and cabinet
member is Ray Perrault, BA'47, who was
appointed to the Senate after defeat in the
1972 election. He was responsible for the
Liberal's successful campaign in B.C.
In the Opposition there are four UBC
Progressive Conservatives — two veterans
of the last house. John Fraser, LLB'54,
Vancouver South and Douglas C. Neil,
LLB'50, Moose Jaw and two new members,
A. Ron Huntington, BSA'46 from Capilano
and Howard Earl Johnston, BA'57, BEd'58,
MEd'61, representing Okanagan-Kootenay.
In the New Democratic Party ranks there's
a sole UBC representative, Stuart Leggatt,
LLB'54, BA'55. re-elected the member for
New Westminster.
We hope our list of our Honourable Members is- complete — if not. we'd like to hear
from you.
Robert W. Hogg, BSA'60, MSA'62, (PhD,
Illinois) is associate professor of microbiology, school of medicine. Case Western Reserve University....As a memorial to their
son. Christopher, who died accidentally in
June. Howard Colby, BSP'61 and Judith
Eory Colby, BSP'65 have established the
Christopher A. Colby Memorial Scholarship
to help students planning a career in pharmacy. Donations can be made through the
Alumni Fund or the Royal Bank. Royal
Centre. 1025 West Georgia St.. Vancouver....Ian D. Smith, BA'61, MSc'68
author of the beautiful book. The Unknown
Island, has moved from his position as wildlife biologist for Vancouver Island to be provincial wildlife inventory coordinator in Victoria. His replacement is Daryll Hebert,
BSc'65. MSc'67. PhD'73. who was habitat
protection biologist for the island....Barry Hilary Clark
M. Gough, BEd'62. (PhD. London), is visiting professor in Canadian and Commonwealth history this fall at Duke University.
His usual home is Wilfred Laurier University where he is associate professor of
history.... A notch up the ladder for G. Frank
Tyers, MD'62. He's now associate professor
of surgery at Hershey Medical Centre.
Pennsylvania State University.
A. Charles Dunn, BCom'63 is appraisal
manager for Ker & Ker Real Estate.
Vancouver....Walter Sawadsky, BA'66. has
just joined the Registered Nurses Association of B.C. — as assistant to the director of
personnel. His appointment is part of the
nurses' new effort to build up a strong labour
relations program. In the past year he was
director of membership services for the Civil
Service Association of Alberta.... In Ottawa,
Gordon Thorn
Tex Enemark BA'67, LLB'70. a former special assistant and executive assistant to Ron
Basford, BA'55. LLB'56. in his portfolios of
consumer and corporate affairs and urban
affairs, has joined Executive Consultants
Ltd. as vice-president.... A one-time member
of the alumni office staff, known hereabouts
for her "drifting and chatting" has drifted
into Kerrisdale and decided to stay. Louise
Hager, BA'67. BLS'70. has opened a spiffy
bookstore, appropriately named Hager
Books on 41st — stocked with all kinds of
nice things to read and look at.
Marie P.A. LaRoche, BMus'72. who has
been teaching in Kamloops is at work on her
1774 West Broadway
Vancouver, B.C.
Interested in buying or
selling real estate
in Vancouver?
For advice and assistance
without high pressure
salesmanship, call me
Joan Bentley
224-0255 Res.
733-8181 Bus.
about a
better way
to handle
your money
When you put money in the bank, it's for your
own good reasons. Which means that you want a
savings plan that's tailored to your own needs
and wants. And that's why we offer different accounts and investment certificates, each with its
own interests, and each with its own unique
True Chequing Accounts. Regular and True
Savings Accounts. Savings Certificates and Income Deposit Certificates. Term Deposit Receipts.
And Certificates of Deposits.
If you want to get the most for your money,
let's discuss the individual features of each. Let's
get together. And let's talk.
▲Jk  The First Canadian Bank V^.,..
S Bank of Montreal
world wide travel
For Your
UBC Alumni
"Everything's Under The
Vacation in
Hawaii, Mexico, Spain,
Disneyland & San Diego
Please refer to page33for details
world wide travel
your local travel centres
608 West Hastings St.
— 682-4272
Woodward's Downtown
— 684-8282
Woodward's Oakridge
— 261-6326
1014 West Georgia St.
— 687-7931
1075 West Georgia St.
— 688-5661
UBC' 5700 University Bkd
— 224-4391
West Vancouver: Park Royal
— 922-9181
Burnaby: Simpsons-Sears
— 437-4744
New Westminster 640 Sixth St
— 525-3344
Kelowna: 591 Bernard Ave.
— 763-5123
Honorary President: Walter H. Gage,
BA'25, MA'26, LLD'58.
President: Charles (Chuck) Campbell,
BA'71; Past President: George Morfitt,
BCom'58; 1st Vice-president: Kenneth
Brawner, BA'57, LLB'58; 2nd Vice-
president: James Denholme, BASc'56;
3rd Vice-president: R. Bernie Treasurer, BCom'58; Treasurer: Paul Hazell,
Members-at-large (1973-75)
Donald J. Currie, BCom'61; David
Dale-Johnson, BA'69; David Grahame,
BA'69; Charles Hulton, BSc'70; Helen
McCrae, MSW'49; Donald MacKay,
BA'55; Elizabeth Wilmot, BSR'66.
Members-at-large (1974-76)
Judy Atkinson, BA'65, BLS"69; Joy
Fera. BRE'72; Fraser Hodge, BASc'69;
John Hunt. MD'58; Robert Johnson,
BA'63, LLB'67; Barbara Ann Milroy,
BHE'51: John Parks. BCom'70,
LLB'71; Oscar Sziklai, MF'61, PhD'64;
Robert Tait, BSA'48.
Committee Chairmen
Jennifer Clark, BSN'69, Women's Athletics: John Cartmel, BPE'66, Men's Athletics: Robert Dundas. BASc'48, Cliff
Erosion: Gordon Ellis, BSc'73; Young
Alumni Club: Dr. M.T. McDowell,
BPE'68, MPE'69, Alumni Fund: Dr.
Erich Vogt. Communications: Charlotte
Warren. BCom'58. Allocations.
Representatives of Alma Mater Society
Gordon Blankstein; President, George
Mapson, Treasurer.
Representatives of Faculty Association
Dr. Meredith Kimball, President; N.E.
Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, Treasurer.
Representatives to Senate
Beverly Field, BA'42, T. Barrie Lindsay, BCom'58; Frank C. Walden,
Executive Director: Harry Franklin,
masters degree at the American Institute of
Music, North Texas State University.
...Timothy K. Watson, BSA'73, is district
horticulturalist for the B.C. department of
agriculture at Oliver....This summer there
was something new on Seymour Mountain
overlooking Vancouver — this area's first
nature house. The daily (except Monday and
Tuesday) program of nature walks and evening slide shows was conducted by Marjorie
Dawn Germyn, BEd'74, the park's first
naturalist (but one of 50 in the province).
The "not too strenuous" half-mile walk
was planned for all ages. She starts with
basic wood lore, "I try to teach people
to look down at their feet in the woods
because everywhere here we're walking on
life, even if it's only a dried pine cone."
Stiles - MacLeod. Dr. James Alexander
Robert Stiles, BSc'68 to Shonet Viola MacLeod, BA'66, July 27, 1974 in North Vancouver ... Adamson — Vickers. Lome D.
Adamson, BA'71 toS. Jane Vickers, BA'71,
December 26, 1973 in North Vancouver.
"Thanks Art I".
Dr. and Mrs. Melvin G. Calkin, PhD'62,
(Patricia Petrie, BA'61), a daughter, Emily
Gwendolyn, August 12, 1974 in Halifax,
N.S....Mr. and Mrs. Gordon A. Hazlewood,
BA'56, LLB'59, (Margarite M. Peters,
BA'59), a daughter, Dianne Rose, June 10,
1974 in West Vancouver....Mr. and Mrs. D.
Alan Jamison, BA'70, (Ruth Campbell,
BEd'71), a daughter, Dawn Catherine, May
6, 1974 in Bassano, Alberta....Mr. and Mrs.
Donald E. Jones, (Dorothy Baylis, BHE'64),
a daughter, Katherine Elizabeth, November
9, 1973 in Toronto, Ont.... Mr. and Mrs. John
W.C.Loh, MSc'72,ason, James Alexander,
May 6, 1974 in Vancouver....Dr. and Mrs.
Charles C. Pentland, BA'65, MA'66, (Carol
Ann Stephenson, BA'67), a daughter, Sarah
Christina, May 11, 1974 in Kingston, Ont.
...Mr. and Mrs. Gary Yager (Danielle
Scheffer-Yager, BASc'69). a daughter,
Chanda Scheffer Yager, March 17, 1974 in
Seattle, Wash....Mr. and Mrs. Colin Yorath,
BA'66, (Joy Fraser, BA'65), a son, Christopher Fraser, June 24, 1974 in Vancouver.
Frederick Moore Clement, (BSA, Toronto),
(MA, Wisconsin), DSc'49, June 1974 in
White Rock. He first came to UBC as professor of horticulture in 1916, one of the very
first faculty members of the new university.
He served as dean of agriculture from 1919
to 1949, retiring as dean emeritus. He was a
pioneer in the field of agricultural economics.
The results of his early recommendations on
food marketing are still found in the produce
marketing legislation and in the cooperative
system of food marketing. Survived by his
wife and two sons, Paul, BSA'36 and John,
Henry Cleburne Giegrich, BASc'24, April
1974 in Vancouver. He served as a mining
engineer with Cominco in B.C., northern
Quebec and at Yellowknife before retiring
in 1956 to be a farmer on Saltspring Island.
He returned to Vancouver in recent years.
Survived by his wife, Marion, and two sons
(Henry Maynard, BASc'52) and two daughters (Peggy Giegrich Sloan, BA'48). He was
predeceased by his first wife, Catherine
Maynard Giegrich, BA'19.
Margaret S. Gill, BA'19, (BLS, Washington), June 1974 in Victoria. One of Canada's
most distinguished librarians, she established and administered until her retirement
the National Research Council library, and
laid the foundation for the present National
Science Library. She was a past president of
the Ontario Library Association, and was
active in the establishment of the Canadian
Library Association, and was chairman of its
founding committee. She was one of the
Canadian delegates to the first session of
U.N.E.S.C.O. and in recognition of her contribution to the Canadian library scene, was
made the first honorary member of the Canadian Library Association on her retirement
in 1957.
John Crofton Hall, BASc'32, January 1974
in Johannesburg, South Africa. A mining
engineer, he worked in the consulting field
and more recently was on the staff of Wits-
waters rand University. Survived by his wife,
Mildred Burdett Hall, BA'29 and daughter.
Harold Reynolds Henderson, BA'25, July
1974 in Vancouver. A winner of the Big
Block for basketball, he was known on the
court as "Big Henny" to distinguish him
from his brother, Arnold, "Little Henny",
on the same team. He was president of his
own firm in Vancouver and is survived by
his wife, two sons, David, BSc'60 and Vernon, BA'68, a sister, Elizabeth Henderson
Davidson, BA'30 and two brothers, Arnold,
BCom'31, BA'33 and Ralph, BCom'46.
William Robert Hodgson, BSA'47, BEd
'49, (MEd, West. Washington), (PhD,
Colorado State), May 1974 in West Vancouver. He had been principal in several
Burnaby schools before being named director of elementary education for the municipality in 1963. Survived by his wife, Margaret Evans Hodgson, BA'39, and daughter.
A memorial scholarship fund to aid students
planning a career in education has been
established by the Burnaby Chamber of
Commerce with the support of the Burnaby
School Board. Donations to the Hodgson
Memorial Fund may be sent c/o The Burnaby Chamber of Commerce, 205-6446
Nelson St., Burnaby, B.C.
Michael Leslie Thomas Melville, BSc'65,
(MDCM,McGill), FRCP(C), June 1974 in
Vancouver. Survived by his wife, Joanne
Kelly Melville, BSc'66 and a son.
Jessie Converse Roberts, BA'32, June
1974 in Victoria. A native of Victoria, she
taught for 46 years in Victoria schools before
her retirement 17 years ago. She was one of
the early students at Victoria College when
it was still affiliated with McGill. She is
survived by her sister and cousins.
Leonard Austin Wrinch, BA'31, MA'32,
April 1974 in Vancouver. For many years
a teacher with the Vancouver School Board,
he is survived by his wife and son, Leonard
David, BEd'65. □
38 i-r«jl •J2***vJJV******!*" *9t"i
With yOUr initials and Now that you have your degree,
• I    i u^i^ you're anxious to get your
OUT Capital, We Can help shingle up. But, as you know, it's
mQ|/A \/r\i \r names   not as simple as that. First you need money
I I larxe yUUI  I Icll I IC to start a practice. Which is where the
Royal Bank can help you. Because we'll loan up to $25,000 (or more) to help
you bridge the gap until you become established.
You see, we believe in your earning power in the years to come. So we'll tailor
your repayment to fit that - we'll even defer your first payment if it helps.
To find out more, drop into your local branch of the Royal Bank and pick up our
brochure - "Money - and more - to help you start your Professional Practice".
Or talk to a Royal Bank manager, who's a professional too. And before you know
it, you can have your name out front
like you always knew you would. ^4?3   n^wAi   i-kAR.ii/
the helpful bank This is the Bug
between Russia and Poland.
\v • j»?Mm**
With all due respect to their Russian
neighbors, Polish people will tell you it was
they who invented vodka in the first place.
This was the bug between Russia and Poland.
Clearly a question of whose national pride.
So after our success with the Russians,
we crossed the Bug River into Poland.    !
The first person we met was a typical Polish
fisherman. We poured him a typically
Canadian drink: Alberta Vodka, orange
juice and cherry brandy. ^
He sipped, and quickly put the glass dov/tf.f*
We poured him a glass of Alberta Vodka
straight, instead. He drank it. Then he smile/
And nodded. When we pointed ouMni
Alberta Vodka label, he laughed.
Then asked for another taste!
Proving to us orite more that
you don't need a RussiarffSounding name      \
to iftike a great vodka.
'   The Bug
1 % ounces each
Alberta Vodka,
cherry brandy. Stir
well with ice.
Alberta Pure Vodka: No wonder it's Canada's
largest selling vodka at the popular price.
implied by Ralph Wallis on lh<


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