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UBC Alumni Chronicle 1971

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 ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
I
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Indian Renaissance Savings Deposit Services
Term Investment Certificates
Estate Planning and Administration
Mortgage Administration
Yorkshire Growth Fund
Yorkshire Personal Loans —
as agent for a Canadian Chartered Bank
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Investment Management Services
Pension Fund Administration
Real Estate Sales and Administration
YORKSHIRE TRUST COMPANY
900 W. PENDER STREET - VANCOUVER 1. B.C., 685-3711 Tenure. Should it be abolished,
modified, preserved? Doris Hopper
explores the current controversy . . .
P. 4.
Indian art, after a long period of
decline, has revived. The achievement and the reasons why are
examined  ...  p.  16.
^^1 UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
VOLUME 25, NO. 4, WINTER 1971
TENURE
Protection For Academic Freedom
Or Academic Sloth?
Doris Hopper
8
IDEAS AS ART
The UBC Art Gallery Story
Alvin Balkind
11
UBC: CANADA'S FUTURE TRACK
MECCA?
Arv Olson
16
INDIAN  RENAISSANCE
New Life For A Traditional Art
Clive Cocking
20
BOOKS
Reviews by Donald Cameron
and N. E. Omelusik
23
ALUMNI  NEWS
25
LETTERS
Comments and Rebuttals
28
SPOTLIGHT
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER    Robert Davidson
"Dogfish", 1969, silkscreen
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE
Alumni Media Ltd.
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51, chairman, Frank C. Walden, BA'49, past
chairman, Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, Kirsten Emmott, Med 3, Dr. Joseph
Katz, BA, MEd (Man), PhD (Chicago), Philip Keatley, BA'51, Trevor
Lautens, BA (McMaster), David Mole, BA (Cambridge), Grad Studies 5,
Jack K. Stathers, BA'55, MA'58, Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46, MA'48, PhD
(Washington).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine
Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C. (604-228-3313).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-
alumni subscriptions are available at $3 a year, students $1 a year.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council. Or
Academic Sloth?
_lj<e2*rci* Doris Hopper
rT^ENURE. No single issue has been
*- at the centre of more disputes
within British Columbia's universities in recent years than faculty
tenure.
In the past year tenure is the one
issue short of the Amchitka nuclear
blast that has moved UBC students to
mass demonstrations. A tenure dispute in UBC's English department
that erupted after two English professors—Brian Mayne and David
Powell—were denied tenure caused
widespread student protest and continued turmoil in that department,
which is now under investigation by
both a faculty and a student committee. The English department's
tenure problems, moreover, were
merely the most contentious of a
number of tenure disputes within
various departments at UBC.
UBC's tenure troubles dim, however, in comparison to disputes within her sister universities. President
Bruce Partridge of the University of
Victoria is under censure by the
Canadian Association of University
Teachers for his handling of a recent
tenure dispute. Simon Fraser University faces yet another possible censure by CAUT after its Board of
Governors rescinded the dismissal
section of SFU's statement on academic freedom and tenure—the final
controversial step in a series of
seemingly endless controversies over
disputes within SFU's department of
political science and anthropology.
What is it about the power of tenure that so often has set students
against faculty, faculty members
against faculty members, and students and faculty together against
university administrations?
UBC's Faculty Handbook says:
"Tenure means permanency of appointment (until retiral age is reached), the right of a faculty member
not to have his appointment terminated except for cause or a decision of the University Senate to discontinue teaching in a specific area of
study."
Tenure has traditionally been the
bodyguard of academic freedom of
thought—a professor's right to write
or speak the truth as he sees it, without fear of dismissal by his academic
superiors or by authorities outside
his college or university. From as far
back as the time of Socrates professors have claimed academic freedom
as a special prerogative of their profession. For almost as long as it has existed, however, tenure has been criticized on the grounds that while it
may protect academic freedom, it
also protects academic sloth. One of
the most serious objections to tenuure
is that a professor, once tenured, can
no longer be held accountable for the
performance of his duties—not to his
students, not to his colleagues, not to
the administration, and certainly not
to the taxpayer. To give a man a
permanent appointment and then expect him not to change in the next 25
years, critics argue, is ridiculous.
There are even those who think that
in our modern, enlightened age, tenure is no.longer needed as a protection of academic freedom.
"I believe that if there was no
tenure the number of people who
would be released from their positions as a result of an infringement
of their academic freedom would be
nil," said Herb Capozzi, Socred MLA
for Vancouver Centre and a critic of
tenure. "Within the framework of
tenure at the present time we are hiding many incompetents. We are protecting these people under the guise
of supposedly protecting academic
freedom."
Dr. Gordon Shrum, chairman of
B.C. Hydro, former chancellor of
Simon Fraser University, and himself a professor at UBC for some 35
years, believes that although university people do require some special
form of protection, the present tenure
documents are "ridiculous" and "unworkable". "Those that should have
tenure don't need it and the ones that
want it shouldn't have it," he said.
"Generally speaking, tenure protects
the professor who is unsure of his
competence or who wishes to retire
on full salary."
Such criticisms of the tenure system from outside the university community are common place. What is
somewhat surprising is the strength
of the attack on tenure that is occurring within universities.
Last year a UBC Alma Mater Society committee inquiring into tenure
practices concluded: "Tenure, designed to protect the interesting and
outspoken teacher, is often apologist
for the deadhead."
These days even some professors
with tenure are saying it isn't needed:
Two University of Waterloo professors were recently released from tenure protection at their own request
after declaring: "We believe that the
'Faculty can only carry on their research and
speak the truth as they see it if they have
security in their position."
British North America Act, the
Canadian Bill of Rights, the Ontario
Human Rights Act, our body of
Canadian laws, our traditions of administration of justice, the accessibility of public media, and the unusually adequate powers of speech
given to professors by divine providence, are adequate protective devices against any conceivable autocratic university administration."
UBC's Dr. Crawford S. (Buzz)
Holling, director and professor of
animal resources ecology also thinks
tenure isn't needed and does more
harm than good: "Tenure should be
abolished. If a person can't hold a
position at least in our society as it
functions at the present time, without
the protection, then he's not worth
his salt."
Most university professors, however, do not hold such optimistic
views about the security of academic
freedom. The majority continue to
support the viewpoint expressed by
Dr. Robert Kubicek, president of the
UBC Faculty Association: "Tenure
is one of a number of pretty fragile
safeguards that stands between academic freedom, press freedom and a
number of other principles that are
important to our society. These safeguards are constantly being attacked,
sometimes eroded, imperfectly implemented, but nonetheless they are
there."
Most insist that because of a professor's special role in society he requires the special protection of tenure: "People who are in universities
are likely to be leaders in opinion and
in advancing knowledge and as a consequence may find themselves threatened and intimidated," said Dr. C. A.
McDowell, head of UBC's chemistry
department. "They can only carry on
their research and speak the truth as
they see it if they have security in
their position."
The idea of academic freedom is
an off-shoot of the root idea of freedom of thought. Professors are primarily concerned to protect their
freedom of thought within their academic disciplines. They point to his
torical examples of the suppression
of knowledge such as when Galileo
was forced to retract his theory of the
universe by the Inquisition. Those
who argue that such suppression is
unlikely in our own enlightened times
are promptly reminded of more recent examples.
In 1925 in the United States John
T. Scopes, a schoolteacher, was successfully defended by Clarence Dar-
row for having broken a law which
prohibited the teaching of the theory
of evolution in the public schools and
universities in the State of Tennessee.
Professors also claim the right to
protection against persecution because they may hold unpopular ideas
outside the strict confines of their
academic discipline. They point to
the witchhunts of the McCarthy era
in the U.S. when many professors
were singled out for persecution because it was suspected they sympathized with the concepts of communism.
A Canadian example which touched off a storm of controversy in 1958
involved Prof. Harry Crowe, now
dean of Atkinson's College at the
University of Toronto. He was on
leave of absence from United College, now the University of Winnipeg,
when a letter he had written to a colleague was intercepted by the principal of the college. A copy of the letter
was circulated to the board of governors who concluded that Prof. Crowe
was no longer a fit person to teach at
the college because the views expressed in the letter were "out of sympathy
with the religious aims of the college." Prof. Crowe was summarily
dismissed.
Among some one dozen colleagues
who resigned in protest over the
treatment of Prof. Crowe were Kay
Sigurjonsson, now a well-known
CBC television interviewer, and Dr.
Walter Young, now head of UBC's
political science department.
Closer to home, many professors
view the Bennett government's or-
der-in-council, promulgated while
the War Measures Act was in effect
during the 1970 crisis in Quebec as
5 'Those who should have
tenure don't need it,
and those who want it,
shouldn't have it!"
if   <P;
an example of infringement of academic freedom. The order-in-coun-
cil, which has never been rescinded,
states that teachers who advocate the
policies of the Front de Liberation du
Quebec or the overthrow of democratically-elected governments by
violent means should be fired.
The UBC Faculty Association has
condemned the order-in-council on
the grounds that it places teachers in
double-jeopardy. "There is no justification for making this group of
people, who are particularly vulnerable to misrepresentation and unfounded allegation, subject to penalties which do not apply to others and
which carry none of the guarantees
of court justice," read a statement issued by the association at the time.
While most professors defend tenure
on the grounds that it is needed to
protect academic freedom, most are
also quick to defend tenure against
charges that it provides professors
with the opportunity to retire early
on full salary.
While it is generally acknowledged
that some abuses do exist, these are
seen as the exception, not the rule.
Pro-tenure people stress that decisions to grant tenure are not made
lightly and that most slackers are
weeded out in the probationary period that precedes tenure. Defenders
also point out that there are procedures provided for firing professors
for cause, while at the same time
acknowledging that these procedures
are rarely invoked. In UBC's 55-year
history there has never been an attempt to dismiss a tenured professor.
Dr. Peter Pearse, past-president of
the faculty association explained,
however, that there are a variety of
steps short of outright dismissal by
which a professor can be given the
message to shape up or ship out. He
can be asked to leave by the chairman of his department. If he refuses,
his salary can be frozen, he can be
denied promotion and he may find it
impossible to obtain approval on his
applications for research grants.
While arguments over whether
tenure is needed to protect academic
freedom or whether it really only
serves to protect incompetence are
important, they are in a sense superficial and do not get at the fundamental reasons why tenure is an increasingly contentious issue.
It is interesting to observe, for example, that most tenure disputes in
recent years do not involve profes
sors who have tenure but rather those
who do not have it and are trying to
get it.
One of the more disturbing criticisms made against tenure is the
charge that rather than protecting the
freedom to criticize, tenure is inhibiting it. In part, this feeling arises out
of a climate of reform within universities. There is a suspicion voiced by
the more radical critics that young
professors who come up for tenure
get it if they uphold the status quo
and don't get tenure if they make too
many waves. "Those people who already have tenure decide on tenure
for those who don't so it doesn't really
protect anything except the vested interest of those who have it," said
Steve Garrod, past president of the
Alma Mater Society, and one critic to
hold such views. "What has to be
protected is the freedom to hold radical political ideas."
Dr. Holling made this point:
"Much of our innovation comes from
the young. They should be able to
express their views without the academic sword of tenure hanging over
their heads."
Defenders of tenure concede that
wrong reasons might underlie a negative tenure decision, but point out
that the criteria for granting tenure
are carefully spelled out and that the
procedures followed in tenure decisions are meant to guard against this
possibility.
Prof. Gideon Rosenbluth, a UBC
economics professor who chaired a
committee that heard dismissal proceedings against Prof. Nathan Pop-
kin, one of eight members of SFU's
department of political science and
anthropology who were suspended
for taking part in a strike, said that in
any organization individuals who attempt change will be attacked by
those who feel threatened. He asked,
however, how critics feel this would
change by abolishing tenure: "Do
they suppose it is going to be any different without tenure? Without tenure people are going to be afraid to
upset the applecart for the whole of
their careers."
A professor aspiring to tenure at
UBC has a maximum of five years to
prove his worth. The decision to
grant tenure is based on an assessment of a professor's research and
teaching abilities and on his administrative contributions. The decision
is made in smaller departments by
the department head in consultation with senior colleagues and in larger
departments by tenure committees
made up of faculty members.
While it is relatively easy to assess
a professor's research capabilities, it
is much more difficult to judge teaching ability. Some students argue that
students are in the best position to
judge teaching and that for this reason students ought to be represented
on tenure committees. Steve Garrod
believes students ought to have parity
with faculty members on all departmental tenure committees.
There is a widespread feeling
among students that teaching isn't
given sufficient weight in tenure decisions and that departments sacrifice
good teaching in their efforts to upgrade academic excellence. The
AMS committee investigating tenure
charged: "... only lip service is paid
to good teaching in judging tenure in
most faculties. ... In fact, many professors consider it unethical to attend a colleague's classes and, according to some professors, the classroom is legally the private property
of the lecturer and he is free to exclude whoever he so desires."
Most academics insist, however,
that the dispute about teaching versus research is specious because you
can't have one without the other.
Some Canadian universities have
accepted students on tenure committees. The University of Windsor
in Ontario, for example, recently approved a minimum of one student on
its tenure committees. At UBC, however, there is firm resistance among
faculty members to the idea of direct
student participation in tenure decisions. One major objection is that
student interests are too short-term.
"Students' views should certainly
be taken into account, particularly
with regard to teaching effectiveness,
but I am against students having a
formal say in tenure decisions," said
Dr. Ross Stewart of the chemistry
department. "The only people who
can make these difficult decisions are
the people who have to live with the
decision for years to come—a person's colleagues."
There is growing support for the
idea that members of a tenure committee should observe a colleague's
teaching before making a tenure decision. "I would support the idea that
teaching should be assessed in a more
formal way by visits to a professor's
classroom," said Dr. William Webber of the department of anatomy.
"In my department we frequently do
attend each other's classes."
Those professors who feel that students do have a role to play in assessing teaching believe that participation in teaching evaluation studies is
the proper level at which student participation should occur. Although
student efforts to launch a campus-
wide teaching evaluation study have
so far been largely unsuccessful,
teaching evaluations are conducted
within many individual faculties. Students object that the results of such
studies are not made publicly available to the student population. In
most faculties the results of teaching
evaluations are forwarded to the
dean, the department head, the professor concerned, and to departmental tenure committees.
One further factor that adds fuel to
the flames of tenure disputes is the
current glut of professors on the academic market. As more and more
people compete for positions, there
are increasing complaints that while
tenure may protect a free marketplace of ideas, it is a formidable barrier in an increasingly tight market
for professors. Dr. Kubicek explained that one reason tenure decisions are more acrimonious is that
many professors who were hired on
a probationary basis at a time when
professors were hard to come by are
coming up for tenure at a time when
a whole new crop of applicants—
many of them with superior credentials—-are offering their services.
With tenure continuing to cause
hassles, some people within the University think that it should be abolished. One person to hold this view is
Deputy President William Armstrong, who believes that long-term
contracts would provide a satisfactory alternative. "I believe that the
disadvantages of tenure outweighs its
advantages and that there are other
ways of providing the protection that
academics need." he said. Professor
Armstrong believes that five-year renewable contracts would provide
professors with adequate protection
of academic freedom and at the same
time would allow a greater possibility
of removing a professor who fails to
measure up. It's worth noting that
the University of Calgary senate recently decided that consideration
should be given to a system of long-
term contracts as a replacement for
tenure at that university. The decision did not change university policy,
but the matter is to be examined
further.
Most academics at UBC, however,
do not favor such a development.
While long-term contracts would
provide some measure of protection
they say it is not the same as tenure.
"If you know that in a few years you
are coming up for tenure, I think
this would constrain the expression
of your views." said Dr. Webber, one
professor who rejects any possible
alternative to tenure.
An equally important argument
presented against abolishing tenure
rests on its value—which is not
widely-recognized—as an element in
the process of maintaining university
academic standards. When faculty
members assess the work of a colleague to see whether he should get
tenure or not, they are making a
decision which has implications for
the quality of academic work at the
university. And many faculty members are concerned that this feature
might be lost if tenure were replaced
by a system of long-term contracts.
Dr. Ross Stewart believes it is
vitally important for faculty members
to continue to make these academic
decisions. "The problem of tenure, in
fact, is bound up with the question
of self-government" he said. "The
decisions are taken initially by the
person's tenured colleagues, usually
the associate and full professors in
the department. In a vigorous and
healthy department these decisions
will almost always be upheld by the
senior university-wide committee. If
you abolish tenure and, say, put
everyone on term appointments you
have the problem of who decides
about renewals. An administrator,
most likely."
With both individual tenure decisions and the whole concept of tenure
in general continuing to be the cause
of so much controversy, perhaps it is
time for UBC's senate, like that of
the University of Calgary, to formally debate alternatives.
By offering only entrenched resistance to suggestions for reform,
such as student participation in tenure decisions and increased safeguards for professors seeking tenure,
faculty members risk the credibility
of the claims they make for the need
for tenure and the protection of academic freedom it affords. D
Miss Doris Hopper is a former information officer with the UBC Information Office.
7 Ideas
As Art
The UBC Art
Gallery Story
Alvin Balkind
/"Operating the UBC Fine Arts
^-'Gallery has turned out to be
rich with irony.
You would think that this old space
tucked away in the basement of the
library—with its primitive lighting
system, its profusion of columns, its
cramped work-storage area—would
be death on creativity in exhibitions
of art. Many of us had thought so.
And through the years committee
after committee was struck to examine the problems of the gallery
and make recommendations which, it
was hoped, would lead to construction of a new, attractive, efficient gal-
Gallery believes art can be a
grind without innovation as in
recent exhibit which explored art
in machines.
lery. But this committee work came
to nothing.
The result should have been a
sense of utter frustration and despair
among us. Curiously, this has not
been so. To our surprise we have for
some time been suspecting—and
after our survey last year of curator-
ship training in several countries,
we're now convinced—that the physical difficulties that challenged us
have, in the final analysis, elicited
many happy and valuable results
which have benefited the thousands
of students, alumni and members of
the public who come to the gallery.
The irony! To think that these impossible conditions could have played
such an important part in this gallery's becoming a stimulating art
environment. There's a lesson somewhere there for the training of art
gallery curators.
Here was what we faced: We had
just about the poorest facilities that
an art gallery could expect to operate
in. We had a miniscule budget. We
had no permanent collection with
which to work and, indeed, if by
some chance such a collection had
come into our hands there would
have been no safe place to store it,
let alone exhibit it. We could not
borrow even the more mediocre of
precious works from other galleries,
for we had neither the funds nor the
personnel to handle them nor the
means to protect them while on display. We did have a handful—but
only a handful—of local artists
whose work was of a quality and importance which could be presented
with some didactic intention in mind.
(In our view, the didactic function is
the main raison d'etre of a university
gallery.)
We had two alternatives to follow:
one was to make up programs of exhibitions using not-too-expensive
"packaged" shows organized by
other institutions in Canada and the
United States; the other was to create
original exhibitions based on cogent
ideas in the theory and philosophy of
art which could be effectively expressed with the most inexpensive material and the soundest research
available to us.
We have followed both alternatives. From the first one we have had
our major source of original non-
contemporary works of art (at times
we have been able to draw on local
collections for older art, such as those
which were the basis for our shows
of Hogarth and Rowlandson), although the gallery's built-in obstacles
have usually prohibited the display
of anything dating earlier than the
18th century, except on the rarest of
occasions. This year's Durer exhibition will be one of these.
However, it has been the exploitation of the second alternative which
not only has influenced our presentations of "packaged" shows, but has
brought widespread attention to the
UBC Gallery, and has given substance and a special quality to our
curatorial training course which, incidentally, is one of the very few offered to students in Canada, and
possibly the only one of its kind anywhere.
The creation of exhibitions around
ideas and experiments in art has been
the most exciting of the gallery's
activities over the last 10 years. It
has added a valuable dimension to
the offerings of the fine arts department and has helped the department
expand its contribution to the university community and to effect a
closer interdisciplinary rapport with
a variety of other disciplines. It has
also attracted countless students who
may never have taken a fine arts
course to make some serious contact
with the world of art.
The necessity to take a creative
approach in the employment of the
gallery as a place for learning and as
a laboratory for experimentation has,
during the past 10 years, often forced
us to deal with certain ideas before
they had become fully expressed in
the works of contemporary artists.
We and the students participating in
the activities of the gallery have thus
found ourselves much closer to the
ferment of  artistic thought than is
The unusual is usual under gallery curator Alvin Balkind, hence display
of foundry wheel patterns in Mechanical Machine: Creator-Destroyer show.
possible in those galleries which
typically wait to display art ideas
only after the artist has fully developed them—and perhaps has already grown beyond them.
Among the exhibitions which we
have come to refer to as our creative
ones (that is, our experiments in
creative ideas we could mention
some which appeared under the following titles: The Unquiet Canvas;
The Birth and Rebirth of Objects;
Random Sample, N=42; Chairs;
Human Envelopes; Mechanical Machine: Creator-Destroyer; Japanese
Culinary Pop; and Joe Plaskett and
His Paris—In Search of Time Past.
Several of these exhibitions have
been, and continue to be, singled out
and cited by scholars of the contemporary international art scene,
who have considered them springboards  for  innovation in  the  ap
proach to the study of art, whether
ancient or modern.
For example, in 1962 the exhibition called The Unquiet Canvas was
one of the earliest anywhere to
herald the escape from the flat, rectilinear canvas into experimentation
merging "easel" painting with sculpture. Random Sample, N=42 created very carefully together with Arn-
nold Rockman, a sociologist from
York University, Toronto, used the
UBC gallery as a laboratory to experiment with an esthetic-sociological theory: that there exist in our
society spaces and objects which we
consider as either "sacred" or "profane".
Another example, Japanese Culinary Pop, employing the wax and
plastic models of prepared foods
which are used in Japanese restaurants in lieu  of menus, displayed A resort to match
a matchless setting
The Harrison
in British Columbia
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added a full range of facilities for relaxing fun. The result
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golf, riding, boating, water-skiing. Plus the delight of
nightly dancing and entertainment. Superb international
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For our color brochure, write: Max A. Nargil, Managing Director
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Represented in the West by Fawcett/Tetley Co.,
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«lisSi?fS!:
. —=-^
*:^**i
mma*
■5**.
4
these models together with the vessels, chopsticks and other accoutrements common to the table service
associated with the-particular dishes.
The catalogue, prepared by a Japanese scholar at Tokyo University, gave
the origins of each of the simulated
dishes. The cumulative result was a
rich insight into an aspect of art in
Japanese culture which even the
Japanese had not recognized before.
The exhibit was put into circulation
by the National Gallery of Canada
nearly two years ago and has proven
so popular that by 1973 it will have
been seen in some 25 centres in
Canada, the United States and
Europe.
Now you may ask are we saying
that, because it may have contributed
to our success, we like being poor,
understaffed and trapped in an inadequate space? Hardly. It is undeniably imperative that we improve
the state of our accommodations, our
budget, and our personnel as best we
can, and as soon as we can.
But it may be that, barring the
acquisition of a permanent collection
which would definitely require a
secure and well-built edifice as well
as a very specialized staff to conserve
it, it is probable that, in the long run,
we may be better off not possessing a
cumbersome, costly "art palace"
whose maintenance alone could become a drain on our energies and
funds, and whose sophistication
might demand a much more rigid
kind of curatorial thinking than the
flexibility that humbler circumstances have allowed us.
We will, of course, continue to
press for a better, safer, more secure,
and more convenient ambience for
our activities. But, whether we remain in our present "Black Hole" or
find a lesser evil somewhere on campus, we are determined to keep alive
and growing the best of what we have
nurtured these many years.
We are determined to continue our
informal, open door policy in the gallery—a lounge area has accordingly
been established—so as to encourage
students to come in, to relax, to enjoy
and to learn. Above all, we are determined to maintain the gallery as a
centre for creativity in ideas and
experiments in art. □
Alvin Balkind is an assistant professor of fine arts and curator of the
UBC Fine Arts Gallery. UBC:
Canada's
Future
Track
Mecca?
Arv Olson
rr\o fully appreciate Lionel
-*- Pugh's intense, almost philosophical approach to Canadian track
and field, you first must be familiar
with the traditonal problems he has
faced—and is facing.
They are domestic problems
which this articulate, respected
Welshman has been solving, and
overcoming, with rather astounding
success since he arrived at the University of B.C. almost eight years
ago.
Pugh's presence here as UBC's
track and field coach, and the flock of
premier international athletes now
assembled at the Point Grey campus
is no coincidence, you can be sure.
The flock has followed Pugh and
nested at UBC rather than continuing the migratory trend to schools
south of the border for one basic reason : the gentleman's wealth of experience as an international coach.
Pugh (pronounced pew, as in
church pew) vacated his secure position as head coach of the world's
oldest track and field club, at Oxford
University, to come to Canada. He
previously was employed for 10 1/2
years   as   Britain's   national   track
Running is a way of life to Thelma
Fynn (left) of UBC's track team.
11 Coach Lionel Pugh (left) and long
jumper Rick Cut tell (right) give
Debbie Brill (top, centre) some
pointers on high jump technique.
Below, Debbie practises her characteristic backward flip over the bar
that has made her one of Canada's
top women high jumpers. coach. The man possesses other impressive credentials, qualifications
which make him one of the sport's
leading authorities. Such as being a
television and radio commentator on
track since 1954, and an author of
three track and field books.
How in the world did someone of
Pugh's stature land at UBC, which
must have ranked 736th on the list
of notable track and field factories
back in 1963? Pugh admits he fell in
love with Canada at first sight during
a track and field clinic at Guelph.
Ontario in 1963. "I admired this
country ... it was refreshing to be
here, with the vastness of it all," he
says sincerely. "When someone in
Guelph told me 'wait until you see
the west coast' I couldn't wait to get
here."
But the magnet that attracted him
here—the factor that made his decision to leave Britain an easy one—
was, unquestionably, the challenge.
And in almost eight years, the last
two also as Canada's national track
coach, Pugh has helped to develop
several special track and field gems
from a collection of ordinary pebbles.
When Pugh arrived on the local
scene, much to the surprise and delight of the athletic department, there
was only one track and field athlete
of international calibre at UBC—
sprinter Heather Campbell. Today,
there are 15 gems competing in
UBC's colors. Yes, 15 internationals.
Count 'em. Debbie Brill, Penny May,
Thelma Fynn, Joan Pavelich, Ann
Covell, Brenda Eisler, Patti Love-
rock, John Hawkins, Bill Smart, Ken
Elmer, John Beers, Ken French,
Rich Cuttell, and Norm Trerise. And
there are destined to be more. With
added support many, many more.
"This university," Pugh states
flatly, "has the potential to become
the mecca of track and field in
Canada."
Pugh's statement likely will surprise many alumni who have been
out of touch with UBC's track and
field program, or never really knew
one existed. It also poses the obvious
question, with 15 internationals isn't
UBC already the mecca of Canadian track and field? Pugh provides
the answer: "It takes more than people to establish a mecca. First, you
need world-class facilities. And UBC
has in embryo the finest training
facilities in the country. With our
climate, UBC is in a position to
provide these facilities. We should
be exploiting the situation and becoming leaders."
Several inherent obstacles must be
hurdled to improve UBC's, and Canada's, track and field program and
progress. Pugh lists three of them, for
starters: (a) insufficient finances (b)
inadequate facilities and (c) the need
for on-campus cognizance of the
sport's status. Unfortunately, these
three related handicaps are not as
easy to overcome as a-b-c.
"Track and field is one of the
major sports in the world," said Pugh
while preparing a training schedule
with Miss May, the ever-improving
pentathlon specialist, in his War
Memorial Gym office. "Yet strangely,
it's lagging behind on this campus.
All the groundwork for a first-rate
program is laid here, but people apparently are not aware of it. Although money is not the complete
answer to upgrading our program, it
sure would help. Perhaps we must
start our own fund-raising campaigns, enlist alumni help or, like
rowing, seek out 'friends of track and
field,' so to speak.
"The matter of athletic budgets at
UBC, or the lack of them, is a recurring problem. All the university's
coaches can only sympathize with
one another and do their utmost
under slightly improving yet still trying financial circumstances.
"When I started here in 1964,
track and field had a budget of $600,"
said Pugh, tossing his paper coffee
cup into the waste-basket. "And that
was absorbed in one trip. We scraped
up six people for a meet in Winnipeg
which was the forerunner to the western intercollegiate championships,
and we won."
The current budget for about 50
track and field regulars is just under
$10,000 a year. "It has been increased considerably since Lionel
came here," offered athletic director
R. J. (Bus) Phillips. "But it's still
quite inadequate and limiting." Phillips drew an analogy. He said that if
Bill Bowerman, coach at the University of Oregon, had the 15 internationals Pugh is now handling, he
would probably be granted as much
as $100,000, or 10 times Pugh's budget. Oregon in the past had enticed
many outstanding B.C. athletes with
its top coaching and scholarships,
and budgets.
"Some of our better athletes fortunately receive financial assistance
from the Canadian Track and Field
Ken French, a 5,000-metre
specialist, does his daily laps in
UBC's old armory.
13 Up, up and over goes Penny May, a world class pentathlon specialist.
Association to travel to big meets
where they represent Canada," Phillips added. "And many are staying
home instead of going to schools such
as Oregon because of federal student
grants and, most of all, Lionel Pugh."
The overall track and field program at UBC, however, suffers because of insufficient funds.
"We have to forget all about going
to dual meets at other universities,"
Pugh explains. "They're the bread
and butter competitions for our less
experienced people, but we simply
can't afford to attend them. Consequently, the fringe athletes—those who
don't necessarily aspire to be internationals but would like to be a part
of our program—are discouraged.
Unlike the budding internationals,
they have little to train for. That's
why our general program is only
mediocre. Dual meets are needed to
attract more people to our program.
A recognizable competitive program
is commensurate with the tremendous talent about here."
Pugh believes that a more comprehensive, year-round program
would enhance the status of track and
field at UBC. He's not only determined to devote his time to meet that
objective, he's already doing something about it. He is forming his own
club, a sort of team within the team,
"for the people I coach personally
and for those who will be continuing
to train after graduation." "I'm
tempted to call it the UBC Internationals", he says. Many UBC students now also belong to outside
clubs, with whom they train between
14
semesters, under different coaches.
UBC's track and field competitive
season now runs from December
through May, and the majority of
events are indoors "for which we get
only minor, piddling budget increases." The cross country athletes
compete from September through to
January.
Pugh looks sadly at the incompleted shell of a track at Thunderbird
Stadium, while calling the all-
weather rubber asphalt track on
the south campus "hardly adequate
enough to train athletes for world-
class competition." "We desperately
need a competitive track, and the
foundation for it is at the stadium,"
he added. "If a track at the stadium,
a proper track, is developed, we
could attract top meets."
Development of the planned track
at Thunderbird Stadium is not out of
the question. But it's not in the current budget. Athletic director Phillips estimated that installation of a
tartan track, which would be required, would cost in the neighbourhood of $135,000. And that's a rich
neighbourhood for UBC's athletic
budget.
Such a facility presumably would
accelerate Pugh's development of international-calibre athletes, as well
as enticing other potential stars to
the Point Grey campus. To say nothing of leading track and field clubs
and institutions from other nations
which would line up for invitational
meets.
There's certainly an abundance of
superb competition readily available
at UBC for such meets.
In the high jump pit alone, there're
four people who rate with the very
best. "We've got a 6'4" jumper who
can't make the men's team now,"
Pugh boasts proudly. "The western
record was 6'4" until last year."
Hawkins and Cuttell are co-
holders of the Canadian indoor record, at 6'11". Hawkins, the blond
ex-basketballer, last September became the first Canadian ever to clear
seven feet when he soared 7'1 1/2"
at a meet in Berlin. "Eighteen
months ago, John was doing 6'2",
Pugh said. "That means he has improved by almost one foot in 18
months—and that's probably never
been equalled in the annals of
sports."
Pugh says Cuttell, a native of Ontario, has the potential to also become a leading long jumper. Beers
makes it a men's high jump triumvirate. A second-year student, he
holds the Canadian juvenile record
of 6'9 3/4".
Then there's Miss Brill, the young
lady high jumper from Haney who's
been creating international headlines
with her success and her style. Debbie, as does Hawkins, goes over the
bar backwards. Debbie began training under Pugh two years ago, when
she was jumping 5'8". She's now consistently clearing six feet, and she's
permanently at UBC. She enrolled in
arts in September and admits she
wouldn't even be going to UBC, let
alone university if Pugh wasn't here.
Neither would Miss May, a sophomore physical education student who
transferred to UBC from the University of Victoria. Coach Pugh
freely calls Penny "pound for pound,
one of the world's greatest women
athletes." At 125 pounds, this tenacious, hard-working 20-year-old
blonde is already of world class calibre in the pentathlon. "If Penny can
improve her high jumping, she will
have the potential to win a medal at
the Olympics," Pugh predicts. Penny
captured three national titles while
winning the pentathlon this year, the
long jump, 100- and 200-meter hurdles. Penny is one of a few who has
revolutionized hurdling to some extent with her standing starts.
Other distaff stars in Pugh's stable
are the 18-year-old Miss Pavelich,
who according to her coach is "on the
threshold of a world discus record";
tiny Miss Fynn, a 1,500-metre bronze
medalist in the last Commonwealth Games and third in last year's world
cross country championships; Pan-
American Games long jump gold
medalist Brenda Eisler; sprinter Patti Loverock, and former national
400-meter record-holder Ann Covell.
Among the male runners, Smart,
in Pugh's estimation, is "something
of an Olympic hope." Smart won the
800-metre bronze medal in the Commonwealth and a silver in the Pan-
American Games' 1,500 metres.
Elmer is a comer in the 800, French
specializes in the 5,000 metres while
Trerise, a post-graduate student,
holds the Canadian 1,500-metre
record of 3:39.6—equivalent to a
3:57 mile.
"I like to think I've had something
to do with the decision of some of
these athletes to stay here at home,
rather than accepting scholarships at
American universities," Pugh says,
modestly. And, he surely has.
Pugh's permanent residence at
UBC has no doubt been the big factor in keeping British Columbians in
British Columbia, specifically at
UBC. "Now that I'm taking on my
own club, I'll have to reconsider the
national coaching job," he said,
thinking out loud to himself. "It was
a full-time, fully-paid duty in Britain,
here it's a labor of love and one wonders how long one can keep it up."
Other factors in the stay-at-home
trend of B.C. track and field people
include the federal fitness program's
decision last year to award handsome
student grants to scholastically eligible athletes and, as Pugh puts it,
"a straight case of athletic indigestion
in the States."
Pugh explained: "Canadians, I
think, are becoming fed up with the
extremity of high pressure competition down there. The pressure of
winning is too great. Here, we stress
the importance of training and developing. Victories will ultimately
come through hard training. Anyway, it's becoming harder for Canadians to beat their own people at
home now, what with the tough competition here in their own backyard."
UBC as Lionel Pugh said earlier,
has the potential to become a mecca
of Canadian track and field. It would
be a shame if this potential was not
developed for lack of support. □
Arv Olson is a sports writer for the
Vancouver Sun.
\Ne want you
to get
your money's worth.
tt
Bank of Montreal
The First Canadian Bank
"At the Bank of Montreal, we wish
to be unique among banks. Unique
in that we wish to serve not only as
a place where you can deposit and
borrow money. But we also want to
show you how to get the most for
your money.
"After all, we've become one of
the largest banks in the world, and
who should know more about money?
That's why all our efforts are dedicated to giving you advice that will
help you in your depositing and
borrowing. We want you to get your
money's worth."
15 Indian
Renaissance
New life For A Traditional Art
Clive Cocking
16 Two summers ago, Bob David-
son, a Haida carver and artist,
took it into his head to return to his
home village of Masset on the Queen
Charlottes and carve a 40-foot totem
pole for the village. His fellow Haida
greeted the idea with what seemed
like silent disbelief.
"There was no reaction when I
first went up there," said Davidson.
"I went up and said that I was going
to carve a totem pole for the village
but they didn't react. Nothing. But
when it was finished, it was really
great. The whole village came together and supported everything. The
pole was raised manually by the men
and there was a big potlatch and
everybody came out in their costumes
and danced around the pole. I don't
know, I can't describe it. It was just
really fantastic."
It was fantastic. And the people of
Masset had reason to not react when
they first heard Davidson's plan. For
this was the first totem pole to be
carved and raised in the Queen Charlottes in 85 years—since 1884.
Clearly an event worthy of great
celebration.
The raising of that totem pole
symbolized the current resurgence of
pride among the native Indians of
British Columbia. But more than
that. It presented tangible evidence
of an Indian renaissance—a renaissance of the arts, crafts and culture of
the northwest coast Indians.
What was once virtually dead, has
lately been reborn in the hands of
young Indian artists. And not all of
the new art is being bought up by
affluent white society, more and more
artists—like Davidson—are returning it to the villages through renewed
traditional ceremonies and totem
pole-raisings. Since Davidson raised
his pole at Masset in 1969, others
have been raised at other villages—
two more at Masset this past summer.
The new contact with their art in
the villages stirs Indian pride, but it
also evokes a sense of loss. Ron
Hamilton, a 22-year-old Nootka carver, has noticed this: "When I go
home and take a brooch I've carved
out of my pocket and show it to the
old ladies, they get a funny sort of
whiny sound in their voices—I think,
in a little way, it hurts their feelings.
If I show it to an older woman, she
remembers when her mother came
home from potlatches with three
bracelets on that were given her, and
it jogs her memory; it hurts them that
Indian art isn't around all the time."
The ultimate proof of this renaissance was presented this fall at the
provincial museum in Victoria with a
centennial exhibit of specially-commissioned works by contemporary
Indian artists called, "The Legacy."
A special committee, composed of
Peter McNair, BA'64, curator of the
museum's ethnology division, Dr.
Wilson Duff, BA'49, UBC associate
professor of anthropology, and Mrs.
Gloria Webster, BA'56, assistant
curator of UBC's anthropology museum, selected the artists.
They were agreeably surprised by
the overall high quality of the work.
"Without question," said Peter McNair, "many of the pieces in the exhibit are, in my estimate, as good as
any that have ever been done."
That is saying something. For Indian art, prior to the decline, had
evolved over thousands of years to a
very high standard. "All scholars of
primitive art," said Mrs. Audrey
Hawthorn, UBC anthropology museum curator, "would rate northwest
coast art as among the great tribal
achievements of the world and that
includes, according to the French
anthropologist Claude Levi-Strauss,
the ancient cultures of Egypt and
Greece."
The Legacy collection, which is
still on display, is an impressive indication of the number and talent of
contemporary Indian artists. Where
three years ago the Tsimshian people—Indians of the Skeena Valley
region—had no carvers of note, in
The Legacy they burst on the scene
with several, offering realistic, finely-
carved masks and boxes. The Nootka
from west coast Vancouver Island
display a similar rebirth of carving
skill. Salish weavers from the Fraser
Valley contributed thick, bright
woollen blankets. From the Kwakiutl
tradition—the Indians of northeast
Vancouver Island and mainland opposite—there are haunting, vivid-
colored masks. The Haida, whose tribal home is the Queen Charlotte Islands, are well-represented with fine
argillite and wood carvings, silver
jewellery and utensils and a beautifully-wrought gold box.
Historically, art was an integral
part of the social and ceremonial life
of the B.C. Indians. "The art went
beyond mere decoration, it was tied
up with the social structure," said
Alan Hoover,  assistant curator of
Photography:     Mark Kaarremaa
Opposite page, detail from Kwakiutl
totem pole at UBC's Totem Park.
A bove, three young Indian artists
and carvers: Bob Davidson, top;
Ron Hamilton, centre; and bottom,
Tony Hunt.
17 ethnology at the provincial museum.
"In a similar way that the European
aristocracy had their heraldic crests,
the northwest coast Indians had their
heraldic crests on totem poles, with
basically the same function and purpose." This was particularly true of
the Haida and Tsimshian people,
whose symbolic carvings on totem
poles—and everyday objects—
proudly told of the lineage or origin
of the family or tribe.
But the art was also tied up with
the religious beliefs and practices of
the native peoples. The Kwakiutl,
particularly, concentrated on carving
masks representing the human figures and supernatural creatures in
their myths. These were used in the
winter religious ceremonies.
The potlach was vital to the social
and artistic life of the Indians. Traditionally, potlatches were celebrations
of important events which would involve the host giving away gifts—the
more he gave, the more prestige he
acquired. The potlatch, accordingly,
was a regular stimulus for artistic
activity.
The climax of this rich artistic and
cultural tradition coincided with the
first contacts with the white man—
the fur traders. The fur trade period
of the late 18th and early 19th centuries brought new wealth to the Indians and, consequently, a flowering
of artistic activity.
That ended with the coming of
white settlers to B.C. Indian population, for one thing, declined drastically under the impact of introduced
diseases. But the real death blow to
native art and culture resulted from
what can only be described as blind,
unthinking cultural imperialism on
the part of the white man. "When the
white settlers, missionaries and Indian agents came to set up administration, there was a period of actual
supression by law—and by all other
kinds of coercion—of Indian culture,
including Indian arts," said Dr. Wilson Duff, UBC associate professor of
anthropology. "And that really did
have serious effects. The Haida, for
example, suddenly stopped carving
totem poles about 1884." The potlatch was seen as turning Indians into
lazy, penniless people and was outlawed.
But the missionaries' drive to turn
the Indians away from "heathenism
and idol-worship" had the most devastating effect. "Under the influence
of the missionaries," said Hoover,
18
"the Indians burnt their totem poles,
they burnt ceremonial paraphernalia,
they gave it away, the missionaries
took it and sold it. And they were
told that if they used this stuff, they
would suffer forever in hellfire and
brimstone." That, he believes, is the
main reason the art and culture all
but disappeared for several generations.
Why the revival of Indian art today? Well, the importance of the
artists' creative drive, of course, cannot be discounted. But clearly it is
also tied up with the new pride in
being Indian. "It reflects," said Ron
Hamilton, "a strong desire in Indian
people to announce to the world that
we're going to try and get some more
Indian things happening and not so
much getting into this white world."
But, in the final analysis, the revival was made possible because a
few people kept the thread of continuity with the past from breaking
completely. Knowledge of the techniques, styles and meaning of the
traditional physical arts was consciously kept alive during the long
period of decline. Just barely kept
alive.
There was, it is true, a complete
break in the artistic traditions of the
Haida and Tsimshian peoples in
which for two or three generations
nothing was done. Nor was anything
done among the Nootka and, what is
worse, evidence of that culture has
virtually disappeared. But the Kwakiutl succeeded in keeping alive some
semblance of their old artistic and
ceremonial practices—occasionally
by secretly defying the anti-potlatch
law—and this link essentially made
revival possible.
UBC has played an important part
in this process of preservation and
revival. But an even more vital role
was played by one man, the late
Mungo Martin, Chief Nakapenkem
of the Fort Rupert Kwakiutl and a
famous carver.
The university began playing a
caretaker role with Indian culture in
1947 with the arrival of anthropology
professor Dr. Harry Hawthorn and
his wife Audrey, and the beginnings
of an Indian collection and a totem
pole restoration program.
In 1949, Mungo Martin, at the age
of 70, came to UBC to repair and
paint several old Kwakiutl poles and
to carve two originals, which subsequently were erected at Totem
Park. Mungo taught the nearly-lost
art to Doug Cranmer, a Kwakiutl,
and to Bill Reid, a Haida. Then, between 1960 and 1962, the university
commissioned Reid and Cranmer to
create a section of a Haida village at
Totem Park. For his part, Mungo
went to work in Thunderbird Park,
Victoria, until his death in 1968.
There he passed the skill on to his
son, David Martin and to Henry
Hunt, of Kwakiutl descent.
This began a chain of apprenticeships which extends up to today and
which has been so important to the
Indian art revival. Bill Reid, for example, passed on his knowledge of
Haida art and wood and silver-carving techniques to Bob Davidson, now
a well-known Indian artist. At Thunderbird Park, Henry Hunt now has
his son, Tony, working with him and
apprentices, Ron Hamilton and Ron
Wilson. All these artists have work
exhibited in The Legacy. They also
assisted in the training program for
young Indian artists at the Ksan
project, near Hazelton.
"Mungo Martin was a very significant figure in the revival of Indian
culture," said Dr. Duff. "He never
really gave it up. He was one of the
few members of his generation who
not only valued the old ways, but
took it upon themselves to preserve
them. He was a kind of thin thread
that kept the thing going over that
dark period of time and he did it
with such pride and dignity that
everybody admired it."
The university's planned new Museum of Man will enable UBC to
more effectively help Indians recover
their past culture. The museum, to
be built with a $2.5 million federal
centennial grant, will be a centre for
continuing northwest Indian studies
serving the academic community,
native Indians and other members of
the public. It will enable Indian
artists to copy some of the 10,000
items in UBC's Indian art collection
for ceremonial use—or be stimulated
by them to new original work. And it
will provide a facility where Indians
can do research into their culture and
be trained as curators of their own
museums.
But despite these developments,
despite the revival of Indian art,
there isn't a great deal of optimism
noticeable among many young Indian
artists. There is a feeling, among
some of them, that they are working
in limbo, producing art without the
reasons for doing so that their fore- One of the highlights of The Legacy
collection is (right) Bill Reid's
gold box. Others included Walter
Harris' dramatic wolf man mask
(below, right), Ron Wilson's fine
argillite piece (below, left), Three
Chiefs In A Canoe, and his (bottom,
left) mask of a man, and Bob
Davidson's intricate dogfish rattle
(bottom, right).
fathers had. For example, the pot-
latches, which have come back in
recent years, are not the long, elaborate celebrations they once were,
capable of stimulating a vast artistic
outpouring. Nor are they an integral
part of the Indian way of life anymore. The point, said Ron Wilson, is
that "it's a whole way of life that's
gone."
Gone is the old social structure,
the old ceremonies. Gone too are the
old myths with their haunting supernatural element. They are all gone
as integral parts of an Indian's life,
and with them have gone the old
reasons for art.
"Where," said Hamilton, "is the belief that would stimulate me enough
to go out, sit in the bush for four
months and write a fantastic song,
carve a mask, or train a bunch of
boys to do a dance. It's just not there.
I can sort of copy or imitate what
they've done before, but that's not
new, that's not going on today. So I
say the reasons aren't there for the
art to live unless we get stuff like—
I'd like to see a dance of the Indian
agent. Fantastic. A mask of the Indian agent. A half-breed mask, an
anthropologist mask, a reporter
mask. Caricaturize them. That kind
of stuff. If it was modern, made today, it would be really great."
That may just be a clue as to the
way Indian art will develop in future.
It seems, like artists everywhere,
these young Indians are searching for
new themes. And if they decide to
speak of the modern-day experience
of the Indian, we can't expect them
to be complimentary to white society. books
Luminous Wheels
And
Private Memories
Malcolm  Lowry: The  Man and
His Work
edited by George Woodcock
University of British Columbia
Press, Vancouver, $4
DONALD CAMERON
A gimpy Malcolm Lowry enjoys the sun and a book outside his Dollarton
shack where he completed Under The Volcano during the Forties.
now i've lived in Dollarton almost
non-stop since I graduated from
UBC, and I've always wondered
about that fellow. He used to live in
one of those squatters' cabins they
bulldozed down to make the park.
When I got out of college in the late
fifties, just starting with the company and I didn't have much responsibility, you know, not like
now, boy . . . Well, in those days I
still thought of myself as an intellectual, a little bit at least. I was
pretty proud of myself, college man,
first member of my family to go to
college, you know, and I took as
many arts courses as I could along
with the commerce program. In
those days they didn't have the
Buchanan building or the dentistry
school, never mind any University
Press.
Anyway, about that time Jack
Scott used to write a column in
The Sun, maybe you remember it?
Right, "Our Town", that was it.
Well, one time he wrote a column
saying one of the greatest writers
of this century lived in Dollarton,
chap named Malcolm Lowry, and
that he'd just died in England, but
that someday maybe we'd realize
what kind of man had passed our
way, something like that, and he
published some bits of one of Low-
ry's stories called The Forest Path
to the Spring.
Man, that story really knocked
me out. Mabel and I had just
bought this place — it was a lot
different then, you know, I didn't
have the addition on it, and it
wasn't landscaped or anything, but
it was something we could afford
and we bought it for the view that
keeps us here. You get used to that
and — well, I just wouldn't want to
get up in the morning and not be
able to look out over the inlet and
see what's changed overnight.
Anyways this story I was talking
about — it was just wonderful.
Marvellous. I remember he talked
about a ship in the harbour at night,
you know, with all the lights on,
and he said it looked like a jewelled
dagger. Well, you know, that's just
what they do look like. And he said
the rain was falling like a bead curtain, and that's just what it is like
when it rains here. I've been in Toronto and New York and once over
to London on business, and in
Honolulu for holidays — come to
think of it, I've travelled a lot —
and I've  seen  a lot of rain,  and
20 there's none that's heavy and steady
just quite the way it is in Vancouver.
The whole damn story was like
that: it was Dollarton, all right,
no doubt about it, but it was kind
of magical, too, like a movie or
maybe a memory. I don't know.
Anyway, he showed me Dollarton in
a way I never saw it before. I don't
care if he was a limey — I don't
have too much use for 'em, as a
rule — but he belonged to British
Columbia. Maybe even more than
I do, and I was born in Woodfibre.
I bought that book — Hear Us O
Lord From Heaven Thy Dwelling
Place, it's over there beside the fireplace — and I bet I've read that
story and some of the others just
about once a year ever since.
But his other books, I don't
know. I've borrowed some of them
from the library, and I don't know
quite what to make of them. There
must be something there, I know
that, because 1 know he's a tremendous writer. But I don't get it.
Take that Under the Volcano,
now. Everybody says that's his
masterpiece. Well, if you want to
read a baffling book that's the one,
take my word for it. The hero's
English, a consul in Mexico. He's
drunk all the time and he can't
make it with his wife, so she's
left him. When the book starts he's
already dead, and it gets harder
from there. It isn't just the story,
it's the way the story gets told. Like
at one point he talks about the
luminous wheel that's turning over
the town. There's a Ferris wheel in
town, and maybe that's all he
means, but I don't think so. He
says he means something more than
that, maybe it's this or that—Time,
or the Wheel of Fortune, that
kind of thing — but I can't figure
it out. I don't think he could either.
One time he wrote a preface for
a French edition and he quotes
somebody named Julien Green, who
said, "My intention was — and
has ever since remained to me —
obscure." But it sounds like Lowry's
just having a little joke there.
Where I read that was in a paperback they just published out at UBC
now that they've got this new University Press. Apparently they've got
all of Lowry's papers and stuff in
the library, and a lot of the English
professors are burrowing around in
them like a bunch of coal miners,
and they're writing all these articles
about what he meant and what his
work is all about. This guy Woodcock — he writes a lot of stuff, I've
seen it in Saturday Night and Maclean's and places like that, and he
edits this magazine called Canadian
Literature out at UBC, which is
where a lot of these articles get
printed. I guess he's sort of a big
wheel out there. Hey, maybe you
could even call him a luminous
wheel.
Anyway, he edited this Malcolm
Lowry: The Man and His Work,
and I picked up a copy because I
thought it might help me find out
just what Under the Volcano is all
about. I mean that book really
shakes me up, but I feel kind of
unravelled about it, because I don't
really understand what it's all about,
and I thought some of the stuff in
this other book would clear it up.
Well, I guess Woodcock would
understand what I mean about The
Forest Path to the Spring, because
he calls Lowry "a man who over
fifteen years lived himself into the
environment that centred upon his
fragile home where the Pacific tides
lapped and sucked under the floorboards." That's really good, that's
what I mean about him belonging to
British Columbia. But Woodcock
didn't tell me very much I didn't
already know one way or another.
It's funny about the fellows in
that book. You take Robert B. Heilman, now. He's a luminous wheel
for sure, he's got some big job at
the University of Washington, down
in Seattle. He wrote one called
"The Possessed Artist and the Ailing Soul." You know a funny thing,
though? When I got finished with
that I could see that Robert Heilman was really a sharp cookie, and
he could really write, but I couldn't
remember a goddam thing that he'd
said about Malcolm Lowry.
And another luminous wheel,
Geoffrey Durrant, he used to be
head of the English department at
UBC. He wrote something called
"Death in Life: Neo-Platonic Elements in Through the Panama".
Well, I really like Through the
Panama, but I could hardly read
this thing about it. It was like getting caught in the blackberry bushes.
I don't know what he wanted to say
— well, maybe I don't have any
business messing around with culture. Anyway, when I finished with
Durrant, I didn't know what he was
talking about, I didn't care what he
was talking about, and I didn't care
about Lowry any more either. I had
a headache and I poured myself a
double Scotch and went to bed.
The funny thing is, some of those
professors who didn't get to be
luminous wheels, or not yet anyway,
those guys made more sense.
There's a couple of them named
Corrigan and Kilgallin, and they
didn't try anything fancy, they just
wrote down some of the things
about Lowry that they'd noticed,
and I learned something from them
and from a guy named Paul G.
Tiessen who wrote about Lowry and
the movies. I didn't know Lowry
used to write for the movies but
apparently he did, and his wife used
to be a movie actress. That's why
you get all that stuff about films
and film producers in Under the
Volcano, I guess.
But you know what was best
in the whole book? This is going to
surprise you, but it was Malcolm
Lowry himself. There's a couple of
his letters and some poems and a
preface in the book, and they're
really fine. He was very funny sometimes. I wonder what it's like getting letters like his.
And the other thing I really liked
was the stuff by people that used to
know him. There was a teacher
named Downie Kirk who had a
shack down on the beach, too, and
a lawyer named McConnell who
writes short stories, apparently, and
a fellow named Carey, a Sergeant
Major who took Lowry in when he
first came to Vancouver and gave
him a lot of help when he had nothing and was drinking too much.
So it's not a bad book. There's
a lot of good stuff in it, you know?
But I wonder why these luminous
wheels can't manage to tell me what
they know about Lowry. They must
know more than I do. I mean, they
must. Look, what the hell are we
paying them for?
Dr. Donald Cameron, BA'60, MA
(Berkeley), PhD (Univ. of London),
teaches English at the University of
New Brunswick. Editor of The Mysterious East, he also writes a book
column for Maclean's and contributes short stories and public affairs
talks to CBC radio.
21 H.M.S. Ganges practises firing in display of 18th century British seapower
which, says Prof. Cough, helped save B.C. from Americans.
Ant's-eye View
Of British
Sea Power	
The Royal Navy and the Northwest Coast of North America,
1810-1914
by Barry M. Gough
University of British Columbia
Press, Vancouver, $12
N.E. OMELUSIK
THIS  IS  THE  FIRST  OFFERING of the
recently established University of
British Columbia Press. Appropriately, the opus of a UBC graduate
now teaching Canadian and Commonwealth history at Western Washington State College has been accorded the honour.
The author's purpose is to explain
the way in which sea power was exercised by the Royal Navy in the area
popularly known as the Pacific
Northwest. It is his contention that
the influence of the Royal Navy in
the history of British Columbia was
decisive, that the activities of explorers, fur traders, settlers and railroad builders have been over-emphasized and that the importance of
British ships and seamen in the
achievement of imperial goals and,
later, the possession of a Pacific shore
22
by Canada "has not yet been sufficiently appreciated."
These last words imply a revisionist intent in the writing of this history.
Whatever the merit of his treatise,
and it is considerable, Professor
Gough has chosen his vocabulary
carelessly in suggesting that the role
of the Royal Navy has been underestimated. In fact, its incomparable
contribution to the extension and
protection of British overseas interests as the basis of the Pax Britannica
has been recognized beyond the point
where additional proof is necessary.
That many local manifestations of
the broader phenomenon have been
taken for granted does not detract
from the basic understanding of it.
Toynbee once divided historians
into two categories, ants and kangaroos. The former cover small areas
with the utmost thoroughness; the
latter pass overhead in ground-consuming leaps, throwing an occasional
glance downward. The subject matter of this book has not attracted
many ants, but it has been over flown
by any number of kangaroos. The
author has assumed the ant's vantage
point and produced a monograph detailing the impact of a force whose
interposition had a profound bearing
on the political evolution of the region. And force was an indispensable
element, for what most obviously
stands out as the chronicle unfolds is
the steady exertion of pressure by the
vigorous, expanding United States.
The narrative begins with the coming of British and Canadian fur traders overland to the Pacific and concludes with the transfer of the naval
base at Esquimalt to Canadian authority. This period saw the last
phase of competition for empire in
North America, in which the finalists
were Britain and the United States.
Russia was a factor for a time, but
the inferiority of her navy did not
permit effective competition with
British maritime supremacy and the
power potential inherent in the transcontinental flow of American settlers
into the Oregon Territory.
When the United States purchased
Alaska in 1867, Secretary of State
William Seward prognosticated that
the transaction made "the permanent
political separation of British Columbia from Alaska and Washington
territory impossible." That his wishful thinking was unrealized is a
tribute to the success with which this
and countless other threats were parried by the Royal Navy.
Professor Gough has made excellent and exhaustive use of primary
sources and previous research on
select subjects. Military history can
be unintelligible to those with no
special interest in the field, but in
the present volume, the author has
shown great skill in balancing his
treatment of military, political and
diplomatic factors. Technical matters
which could interfere with the flow
of the narrative are wisely presented
as appendices.
The publisher believes that "this
book can be read with pleasure by
layman or academic." Perhaps. It is a
good rule of thumb that a book
whose title ends in a brace of dates
will fail to excite the casual reader. If,
furthermore, the imprint of a university press graces the title page, the
manuscript is descended from a doctoral dissertation and the text is underpinned by hundreds of footnotes,
all of which are the case in this instance, the reader would do well to
proceed with caution. This is an exceptionally lucid example of scholarly writing, but it should be kept in
mind that this genre has its conventions, one of which unfortunately
seems to be that prose should not
dramatize events or beautify plain
facts with fancy phrases. □
Mr. N. E. Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, is
head of acquisitions at the UBC library. Barrie Lindsay, former alumni association president, (above) explains value of Alumni
Fund to prospective donor, while (below) Big Block men Bob Menzies, left,
Derek Sankey, centre, and John Mills, right, get organized for Phonathon campaign
seeking donations to the fund from alumni.
alumni
news*
Alumni Phonathon
Real Bell-Ringer
the ubc alumni fund staged one of its
most successful "Phonathon" campaigns
ever in November. Close to 80 volunteers
participated in the telephone blitz on two
evenings, Nov. 9 and Nov. 15, seeking
donations to the fund from Greater Vancouver alumni who had not yet given.
It was a record for volunteer participation, thanks to the organizing ability of
Mike Rohan, Phonathon coordinator.
There was a good strong contingent of
younger alumni with a nice balance of
older graduates participating in the Phonathon. And the combination seemed to
have worked well, for the Phonathon
ended with about 700 anticipated donors.
"The attitude of the alumni we phoned
was good," said Scotty Malcolm, alumni
fund director. "They asked a lot of questions about the university and we tried to
provide them with the information. The
Phonathon seems to be not only a good
fund-raising vehicle, but also a good public relations service for the university."
The Alumni Fund will shortly be sending out final reminders to alumni who have
not yet given to the fund. So there's still
time to donate.
California Alumni
Choose Officers
on Friday, October 15th, the third annual
supper of the UBC Alumni Association of
Northern California was held. Alumni attending the event learned that their officers for the coming year are to be: President, Norman A. Gillies; Vice-President,
Barry Patmore; Sec.-Treasurer, Stewart C.
V. Dickson; Directors: Neil Munro, Kenneth Downs, Dennis Archibald.
Dr. Pat McGeer, head of neurological
sciences at UBC and B.C. Liberal Party
leader headlined our evening's program.
Dr. McGeer's talk touched upon the
nature and intent of UBC's physical expansion, the role of UBC in the activities
of both Vancouver and the province of
B.C., and consideration of the economic
interaction between British Columbia,
Canada and the U.S. The wide-ranging,
complex nature of his talk was brought
together in Dr. McGeer's unique way and
proved both creative and refreshingly contentious. A short question period followed.
The next section of our program was
composed of the showing of three films by
Tom Johnston of the National Film Board
of Canada. The films were: Norman McLaren's "Pas de Deux"; "Flight in White"
and "East 1-West I"./Norm Gillies.
23 President Walter Gage congratulates three alumni scholarship winners
at special reception. This year 188 students received alumni awards.
Survey Responses
Under Analysis
the number of alumni who have replied to the UBC Alumni Association's opinion survey to date has been
most gratifying. Up to press time, the
association had received back about
1,500 completed questionnaires.
"The response has been most gratifying and we'd like to thank those
alumni who took time to reply to our
survey," said Jack Stathers, alumni
association executive director. "We're
particularly pleased with the number
of comments on the questionnaires.
About one-third of the people filled
in the comments page with a variety
of very interesting remarks."
Stathers said that the completed
questionnaires are now being analyzed
and it would be several weeks before
the association would be able to report the detailed findings. The results
will be published in either the association's monthly "Contact" page in
UBC Reports or in the Chronicle.
The survey, which sought opinions
on the alumni association, UBC and
higher education in general, was to
be sent to a random selection of 5,000
graduates. The findings will be reported to the alumni association's
board of management for discussion
and use in the formation of policy. Q
When your life's goals lie ahead
of you, it's good to know what
stands behind you.
@ CANADA LIFE
24 letters,
comments
& rebuttals •
Considerable reaction was provoked
by the August Chronicle which contained a series of articles looking at
various aspects of "The Pace of
Change at UBC". The following are
some of the viewpoints we received.
Human government's message: students can change
university
On march 25 of this year, a radical-
majority Alma Mater Society student
council came into office. It was composed
mainly of socialists and called itself Human Government.
On March 26th the state was not
smashed, all running-dog lackeys of U.S.
imperialism were not put to death, the
student press was not gagged, Thunderbird
Stadium was not turned into a giant
organic vegetable garden, the university
was not set to the torch, the People's
Republic of Point Grey was not proclaimed, red flags did not fly, administrators were not hunted down like rats, unconverted students were not locked in
brightly-lit rooms and subjected to
cracked-record renditions of the speeches
of Stalin. In fact, it is now December and,
fortunately or unfortunately, none of
these things has occurred.
Yet judging by the consternation—
often overt hysteria, in fact—evoked by
the election of a radical student government, some UBC circles must have believed The Revolution was at hand.
Indeed, the summer passed amid administration speculation about student
strikes, building occupations, and the like.
(The fantasies, perhaps, of people whose
only contact with the student left is
through the pages of American news
magazines. Or proof, perhaps, that there
really are people more paranoid and self-
important than student journalists.) At
any rate, September arrived, students returned to campus. Here the real story of
Human Government begins.
I have been asked to "rebut" (in 1,500
words) two articles that appeared in the
August edition of the Chronicle on the
subject of Human Government. The articles in question are: "Revolution Postponed Til Further Notice" (no one told
me a date had been set for construction of
the barricades); and "Only the Slogan Is
New" (sorry, the term Human Government was used in 1967-68 by Stan Per-
sky's Arts Undergraduate Society).
The first article essentially says student
activism is dead at UBC and the Alma
Mater Society is powerless as an instrument of university change. The second
tells us Human Government is really quite
similar to all preceding student govern
ments, and in addition may be somewhat
shifty and insincere.
To back up these judgments, we are
given such proof as the thoughts of a
former AMS education representative,
Board of Governors member Judge Les
Bewley and political science prof Paul
Tennant. Hardly a representative group,
and hardly a group that deals much with
student government.
And then there's the example of the
AMS executive office not being moved
from point A to point B during the summer. This, we are told, sheds doubt on the
sincerity of the student government because moving the office closer to the constituents was an election promise. Well,
that move was made in September, as
originally planned, (the Chronicle writer
might have included this piece of information.)
In a similar vein, the writer cooks up an
imaginary dialogue in which The Ubyssey
accuses Human Government of dictating
the Correct Line to the student newspaper.
Grapevine indications were that a couple
of Human Government people entertained such an idea for about two weeks
in early summer. And discussions between
the government and the newspaper subsequently revealed that the grapevine had
performed its usual function of exaggeration and distortion. So that when the
Chronicle reported this information it was
reporting gossip—and short-lived gossip at
that.
These are a few instances of the shaky
foundations on which these two articles
are built: questionable judgments based
on superficial or inaccurate examples. But
frankly, it is boring and somewhat embarrassing to refute  such trivia.
It is more valuable, I think, to first point
out that these articles are good examples
of the nervousness which the election of
Human Government generated in the
moderate-to-right-wing segment of the
university community. As such, they predictably attempt to prove that nothing has
really changed in student government.
And just in case anyone is left unconvinced, they assure us that even if something has changed, the AMS is powerless
anyway. And if anyone is still worried,
they add a final element: a little trumped-
up discredit, judiciously placed at the right
time—i.e., before the group in question
has had a chance to prove itself. (At this
point, I might add that I was not the only
person to wonder why the Chronicle
printed these articles when it did, instead
of waiting until a time when judgments
could  be  formed  on  the   basis  of fact
rather than conjecture.)
New student programs launched
Having put the two articles in this perspective, we can now proceed to take a
look at some aspects of the Human
Government term in office that will tell us
something about the validity of the
Chronicle writer's contentions. To date,
the Human Government has initiated a
Canadian and Quebecois poetry-reading
series, an Indian Week, a Quebec Week, a
music and speakers series, an Amchitka
protest at several points along the 49th
parallel, a student-run co-op bookstore, a
Labor Week, a co-op crafts store and an
alternate food service. (It is estimated
that these projects have served at least
10,000 students.)
The government has also had much to
do with the formation of a weekly
women's studies program (attended by
more than 600 women and men from inside and outside the university); the formation of radical student unions in the
social sciences and humanities; and the
formation of an education committee
which has proposed a realistic series of
changes in the arts faculty.
It has completed renovation of certain
areas of the Student Union Building and
set in motion the machinery for further
expansion. And its active encouragement
has led to the unionization of AMS office
staff.
It has handled the day-to-day bureaucracy of the student society and administered capital and current accounts involving millions of dollars in cash and assets,
and done it more carefully than any
moderate student government I have seen
in action. (Needless to say, the American
news magazines never tell us student radicals can be hard-working, responsible
people.)
These Human Government projects
disprove the Chronicle writer's contention
that nothing has changed in student
government. Not only are many of the
individual projects the first of their kind at
UBC, but together they form another
unique phenomenon, a coherent student
government program based on clear political priorities for change in the university: Canadianization, democratization,
women's liberation, academic reform and
better student services. And they show
that the AMS is a valid instrument for
change because they elevate these terms
from the level of slogans to that of con-
25 crete alternatives—something the left is
continually challenged by its opponents to
provide.
Articles marked by pessimism
On a more general level, however, a
line from a Human Government statement issued in October is connected with
my chief criticism of the Chronicle articles. It says: "Let us all be accused of
optimism."
For even more than the vague fear, the
triviality, the inaccuracies contained in the
two articles printed in August in this
otherwise progressive magazine, the narrow pessimism they contain is what I object to most; the belief that little really
changes, and what change there is, is likely
to be for the worse unless it takes place
through the well-worn 'correct channels'
set up by institutions. This kind of pessimism is ugly and discouraging (not to
mention unimaginative) when found in a
person my age—like the writer of the
articles in question.
And when students defeated (4,020 to
2,704) a Human Government confidence
referendum on Oct. 27, that was discouraging too— and for the same reason. The
referendum had been a Human Government campaign promise. Its failure meant
the seven-person executive would resign
and would not run again for office.
The defeat of the executive is directly
attributable to three factors.
The first emanated from the Human
Government itself: a failure to adequately
discuss government programs and aims
with students. Almost invariably, when
suc.i discussion did take place in the week
before the referendum, students ended by
supporting the Human Government program. But it was too little, too late.
The second factor, external to the Human Government, is more difficult to pin
down, but had to do with the pessimism
and subtle fear I have already mentioned.
It was fed by an effective rumor mill in
the weeks preceding the campaign, with
the result that an already cynical student
body was more prepared to believe in the
imagined evils than the proven successes
of its student government.
Confusion was the third factor. This
was pointed up after the referendum defeat when leaders in the fight against Human Government began telling the executive that they really hadn't wanted to oust
Human Government at all. Apparently
there are people who vote 'no' when they
mean 'yes'.
On Nov. 27 by-elections were held and
Human Government executive successors
chosen. The Human Government group's
rank and file, however, still command a
large bloc of student council seats and the
group as a whole plans to restructure itself
and continue working on campus.
So the story isn't over.
And if anyone was to ask me what the
point of the whole Human Government
endeavour was and is, my answer would
be that it constituted an attempt by a
group of students to show us that university change does not have to proceed at a
snail's pace, that students can play a prime
role in shaping the terms of change, and
that collective  effort can produce func-
26
tioning alternatives to many facets of the
present university system.
Sandbox politics?
Not at all. Because it's no small matter
when approximately 20,000 students have
virtually no say in the running of the institution they attend, no small matter when
20,000 people have so little control over
an important part of their lives.
And, to use a few words by novelist
Doris Lessing.'Tf you don't choose to accept responsibility, then you have no
responsibility, but you aren't a human
being either."
Leslie Plommer
Leslie Plommer is editor of The Ubyssey.
She was invited to contribute this viewpoint after representatives of the Human
Government strongly complained that the
Alex Volkoff articles on student activism
and the Human Government (Chronicle,
August) were inaccurate and unfair.
Elected leaders
should lead
Your issue of August, 1971 (The Pace of
Change at UBC) has aroused sufficient
interest in this lackadaisical alum to
bring him to write you. Congratulations!
Before getting down to the business of
the day I'd like to make my effort to
help scotch one form of activity which
peers around the corner—and has occasionally been visible in some of the
pieces done in past issues, including the
odd one by Clive Cocking. ... I refer to
a query only implicit in the August issue
but pertinent to the overall: Should the
Alumni Association (or the university, or
the students, etc.) "take a stand on public issues?" . . .
Organizations of any size do not have
a unanimous point of view except under
extraordinary circumstances of which an
instance in UBC may have been the
Great Trek. Consequently those who set
themselves up as speaking for the organization are either the authorized group
discussing authorized subjects, such as administration, or are assuming a status to
which they have no right. The president
of the AMS, for example, can say that he
and the students' council are of the
opinion, or perhaps are unanimously of the
opinion, but he can rarely say with truth
that he speaks for the student body when
he is dealing with a subject outside the
normal student field.
How many students really know
enough about most public matters to be
able to express a well-based opinion? And
yet how often do we get statements
based on little information and much
emotion? If a student, or a member of
faculty, wants to express a personal
opinion, that is his right in our country.
But, in my opinion, he has absolutely no
right to indicate that he is speaking for
his fellows unless enough of them have
given him that privilege. . .
Now what questions are you asking?
(And why, incidentally, are all six articles
by only three writers? Has a troika seized
control? Seriously, it does leave an impression that very few want the scene
activated).
Alex Volkoff (page 7) says the campus
was an exciting place when certain extracurricular activities were under way, and
then asks, "Where did all the energy and
enthusiasm go?" I ask, "Is that the sort
of excitement that you hope to get out
of university?" If the -answer is yes, as it
appears to be, then there is only one
comment, "University is not for you!"
Perhaps there were changes to be desired because of improvements needed,
and perhaps some violence helped speed
up the process of bringing the improvements about, but why should the campus be a site for a program of permanent
excitement of that sort, merely because
someone wants "excitement". And, to
think of it, the Human Government has
turned out to have human weaknesses.
So I am left with the impression that
Alex, and you with her, are not now asking any question. The students obtained
at least some of the changes they
thought would improve things and, having got them, are now not enthusiastic
unless spurred on. So again I am at the
same point of assuming that Alex wants
radical action for the sake of excitement.
So, my answer to Frank Walden and
thus to you, is that, as you have already
stated, the old truth is still valid—we do
not need change for the sake of change.
Since when, Frank, does any board of
management, and any executive have to
ask whether it should take a leadership
role? Why your rhetorical question about
hanging back? The officers are elected to
lead, as well as to supervise administration, and that's what they should do.
Confidence is placed in their judgement;
if that confidence was misplaced then
we'll have to do something about correcting the situation.
This does not give licence to carry out
any policy irrespective of accepted practices. It must always be true, in a democratic organization, that management
"must have the Association with them",
in the sense that a majority of the active
members have been convinced of the usefulness of the activity. Quite often a project will be thought up and initiated by a
member or group of members but once
the board takes it over it is theirs. Fundamentally, however, because the board
is supposed to be familiar with circumstances and positions, the board should
expect, and is expected, to put forward
suitable proposals. Once the board is assured that the project has the properly
obtained approval of a majority of the
members, then the board must show the
way. Let's have leadership from those
we have chosen rather than from the
self-appointed, and let them make it an
exciting experience.
H. Leslie Brown, BA'28
Ottawa
Mr. Brown was president of the AMS in
1927-28 and played a prominent role in
initiating construction of the "Old Gym"
which, he writes wistfully, "was torn
down last year without anyone telling me."
Now retired, he served in Canada's Foreign Trade Service rising to Assistant
Deputy Minister and Director of the
Service. Issue overlooked real
problem
The August issue dealing with the pace of
change at UBC indicates that little seems
to have changed in the attitudes of the
university community in recent years. As
Alex Volkoff says in her examination of
student government, Plus ca change; plus
c'est la meme chose.
The majority of students and faculty
continue to be afflicted by tunnel vision,
apathetic toward anything beyond their
limited personal roles. A minority of students and faculty continue to play committee, the most popular parlor game on
campus, an exercise in futility which produces a plethora of reports, memos and
studies and, in the final analysis, more heat
than light.
As a former employee of the University
I was disappointed to see little reference or
apparent concern for what I consider to be
one of the most critical problems facing
higher education today; that is the need to
win broad public and therefore political
support for the function and objectives of
a university. Many British Columbians
know little and care less about the well-
being of their universities, regarding them
as wastrels of the tax dollar and breeding
grounds for what they consider to be unhealthy radicalism. As long as that attitude
exists among a large segment of the electorate, Premier Bennett and his administration can continue to provide less than
adequate financial support for the universities and, in fact, gain some political mileage by doing so.
And that situation will continue to exist
so long as students and faculty continue to
look inward rather than outward.
Mr. Frank Walden, in his editorial,
states that one of the objectives of the
Alumni Association is to influence public
opinion regarding the needs and benefits
of UBC and education in general. That is
a worthy and, in my opinion, a prime objective, but it must be extended in scope
far beyond alumni themselves, a preaching to the relatively converted who have
experienced a university education and are
now enjoying the fruits therefrom. If the
Alumni Association and the University
community as a whole can convince the
plumber, the truck driver, the sales clerk
and the housewife of the validity of hjgher
education, politicians will heed public opinion and pay more attention to the urgent
financial needs of universities.
Problems such as overcrowding cannot
be solved by student complaint or intra-
campus debate. Money may be the root of
all evil. It is also an essential ingredient
to the survival of a healthy and adequate
university system.
Jim Stott
Calgary, Alberta
Mr. Stott is a former information officer
at UBC; he is now a financial writer with
the Calgary Herald, fj
B.C. Centennial
HOCKEY
CANADA
TOURNAMENT
UBC Thunderbird Arena
Tuesday,  December 28.  6
p.m., University of Toronto
vs. University of Alberta; 9
p.m., UBC Thunderbirds vs.
Sir George Williams University.
Wednesday, December 29.
6 p.m., Losers from Tuesday evening games; 9 p.m.,
Winners from Tuesday evening games.
Tickets: $2 adults; $1 students.
Available at: UBC Athletic Office,
War Memorial Gym: 228-2531
and UBC Thunderbird Arena:
228-3197, 228-9707, and at the
door prior to game-time.
"A master-passion is the love of news."
GEORGE CRABBE (1754-1832)
Ever since 1641 when an enterprising London printer circulated a news-sheet
about the long and bitter quarrel between King Charles I and the English
Parliament, newspapers have been among the necessary ingredients of life.
Even in the most backward societies, news has a way of getting around, and
when life gets more complicated, more paradoxical, more difficult than ever,
the best way it gets around is through the daily press. The Sun is one of the
proud inheritors of the great tradition that began in England over three centuries ago - the tradition that serves your right to know the truth in all its
forms and facets.
SEE IT IN THE (SUN
27 20's
H. R. Lyle Streight, BA'27, MA'29, PhD
(Birmingham), DSc(Waterloo), is the new
president of the Chemical Institute of
Canada. Dr. Streight, the chief research
engineer for Dupont of Canada, received
the Plummer Medal of the Engineering
Institute of Canada in 1959 for his research, and has been very active developing a closer relationship between industry
and the academic community.
30's
Alexander Hrennikoff, BASc'30, MASc
'33, ScD(MIT), professor emeritus of civil
engineering at UBC, is the first recipient
of an annual award established by the Canadian Congress of Applied Mechanics.
Prof. Hrennikoff received the award "in
recognition of his contribution to applied
mechanics." . . . The new president of the
Canadian Bar Association is John L. Farris, BA'31, a senior partner in the Vancouver firm of Farris, Farris, Vaughan,
Wills and Murphy. . . . From now on
Judge Les Bewley, LLB'49, will have a
rival when it comes to quotable comments. Displaying his wit from the bench
in future will be Nicholas Mussallem, BA
'31, who has been appointed a judge of
the provincial court.
Robert W. Wellwood, BASc'35, MF,
PhD(Duke), has been elected president of
the Forest Products Research Society,
the first Canadian to head the international organization which has nearly
4,300 members in more than 50 countries.
Dr. Wellwood, who joined the UBC faculty in 1946, was a charter member of the
society and international editor of its
magazine, Forest Products Journal, from
1959 to 1967. . . . Preserving existing
whale stocks and building up those species which have been depleted are the
major objectives of the 14-nation International Whaling Commission, which has
just named John L. McHugh, BA'36, MA
'38, PhD(California), to a three-year term
as chairman.
It took 14 years of perseverance and
SI million to get Leslie A. Allen, BA'37,
Canadian rights to nine Charlie Chaplin
movie classics. Mr. Allen, one of the
originals in UBC's Film Society, now
heads All-World Cinema Ltd., in Toron-
Lyle Creelman
"It makes one proud to be chosen for
such an honour by one's country", were
the simple words with which Lyle
Creelman, BASc'36, AM (Columbia),
expressed her reaction to being awarded the medal of service of the Order
of Canada by Governor General Roland Michener in Ottawa in October.
UBC was unusually well represented
at this year's award ceremonies. In a
fitting highlight to his 50 years of
association with UBC, president Walter Gage, BA'25, MA'26, LLD'58, was
invested as a companion of the Order.
Medals of service were given to Henry
F. Angus, LLD'56, emeritus dean of
graduate studies, B. C. Binning, a well
known artist and former head of the
fine arts department, D. Harold Copp,
head and professor of physiology,
John Liersch, BA'26, BASc'27, former
chairman of the board of governors,
and Harry V. Warren, BA'26, BASc
'27, professor of geology.
Miss Creelman's work as chief of
the nursing division of the World
Health Organization took her far
afield from UBC. She was responsible
for co-ordinating the efforts of more
than 200 nurses who helped with the
development of new nursing schools
or the improvement of existing ones
or worked with local nurses to improve nursing services and public
health in some 70 nations around the
world.
Miss Creelman retired from her
position with WHO in August, 1968
and is now living on Bowen Island
where she says she is being kept busy
"getting a house built". She maintains
her professional contacts, however, as
chairman of the membership committee of the International Council
of Nurses.
Miss Creelman recalls the development of nursing in many countries of
the world with pride. "When I joined
WHO in 1949 many countries didn't
have nursing training, whereas nurses
are being prepared and permitted to
take their places on health teams in
almost every country now".
Miss Creelman also had high words
of praise for the concept of the team
approach to the delivery of health
care originated by UBC's Faculty of
Medicine. Dr. John F. McCreary's
idea of the health team is an exceptionally good concept and one that is
a good example to other countries,"
she said.
Born in Nova Scotia, Miss Creelman was educated in British Columbia
and thinks of beautiful B.C. as home.
She taught school for three years prior
to completing a degree in nursing at
UBC. After two years in staff positions in public health nursing, she
was awarded a Rockefeller Fellowship for post-graduate study in supervision and administration in public
health nursing at Columbia University.
For some years Miss Creelman was
supervisor of school nursing with the
metropolitan committee in Vancouver. Following the Second World War
she began her work on an international level when she was appointed
chief nurse for the United Nations
Relief and Rehabilitation Association
in the British zone of occupied Germany. In 1947 she acted as field director of the Study of Public Health
Practices conducted by the Canadian
Public Health Association. She joined
the World Health Organization as
nursing consultant in maternal and
child health two years later and was
appointed chief of the nursing division
in 1954.
28 to. He says he "ran up and down a lot of
blind alleys" before tying up the deal
which includes some of Chaplin's best—
The Gold Rush, City Lights, Modern
Times, and The Great Dictator. . . . Versatile artist, Helen Griffin, BA'38, MA
'68, recently held a one-woman exhibition at the De Han Gallery in Vancouver.
Mrs. Griffin works in oils, water colors
and in Chinese ink on Chinese paper. She's
a traveller who puts her artistic talent to
work while she's on the move. Her latest
sketching safari was to China.
Wordsworth L. Hetherington, BASc
'39, has taken over top spot with Fer-
ranti-Packard Ltd. He was elected president and chief executive officer at the
company's annual meeting. . . . Selected
to head a major venture in multilateral
aid to Commonwealth countries is George P. Kidd, BA'39, MA'40, who has
moved to London to take up his assignment as managing-director of the new
Commonwealth Fund for Technical Cooperation. Mr. Kidd is a former Canadian
ambassador to Cuba and Haiti, positions
he held from- 1961 to 1964 when he became Minister at the Canadian Embassy
in Washington. He returned to Ottawa in
1967 to be vice-president of the Canadian
International Development Agency. . . .
Robert F. S. Robertson, BA'39, MA'48,
PhD(Illinois), has been appointed chief
liaison officer in Europe for the Atomic
Energy Commission of Canada with
headquarters in Paris. Previously he was
head of the chemistry division at the
Whiteshell nuclear research station in
Manitoba.
40's
Robert W. McRae, BCom'40, MA'54,
for 18 years a pilot with the RCAF and
later Air Canada, has a new career in the
financial world. He is currently director
of Thomson, Kerraghan, a Toronto investment house, president of a fund
management firm and vice-president of
two other firms. . . . Our high commissioner in Jamaica, Victor C. Moore, BA
'40, has added the Bahamas and British
Honduras to his accredited list. The high
commission's commercial secretary, Donald H. Leavitt, BCom'63, has had to
leave sunny Jamaica for a post as consul
and trade commissioner at the Canadian
Consulate General in New York.
Lionel A. Cox, BA'41, MA'43, PhD
(McGill), director of research for MacMillan Bloedel, is now a member of the
National Research Council of Canada.
His appointment is for a three-year period. .. . William Lindsay, BASc'41, has
moved up to vice-president, operations,
with Westport Chemicals. . . . Edward
W. Snyder, BCom'44, received his master
of education degree from Seattle Pacific
College.
The Spring Chronicle announced that
Mrs. Carol Thiele, BA'70, had become the
first blind person in Canada to receive a
bachelor of library science degree. It
doesn't detract one Braille decimal point
from her achievement, but it seems Carol
is really the second blind person in Cana
da to receive such a degree. The first was
Edward Brown, BA'45, who took his degree in library science at Toronto. He is
now chief librarian for the CNIB. . . .
B.C.'s number one Sasquatch hunter and
editor of the Agassiz-Harrison Advance,
John W. Green, BA'46, has decided to
build a "new more democratic" party for
the B.C. Conservatives—and has thrown
his hat into the ring for the party leadership. He'd like to close up the party's
"back room" and place it on a new financial footing. His leadership challenge to
John deWolf, BA'60, the incumbent leader of the B.C. party comes to a vote at
the convention at the end of November.
Next issue of the Chronicle will give you
the result. . . . The new dean of University of Toronto's Faculty of Forestry is
Vidar John Nordin, BA'46, BSF'47, PhD
(Toronto), who leaves his post as research
manager with the Canadian Forestry Service in Ottawa to take up the post.
Looking for that lucky strike in Brazil
is John C. Hagen, BA'47, BASc'48, MSc
(Colorado School of Mines), PhD(MIT),
who is now manager of geology and exploration in Brazil for the Hanna Mining
Company. . . . R. Gordon Henderson, BA
'47, has been appointed director of agencies with Fidelity Life Assurance of Vancouver. Mr. Henderson returns to Vancouver after a stint with the company
in Toronto. . . . Donald Holmes, BA'47,
is busy educating the masses in England,
in his position as chief producer, University of the Air, with the BBC. Ronald
Schofield Wilson, BA'50, is also on the
BBC staff in London as a director. . . .
Russell R. Keast, BA'47, is now assistant
research director for applications research
with the inorganic chemical division of
the FMC Corp. . . . William D. McFarland, BA'47, BSW'48, MSW'49, leaves
his position as Manitoba's director of
social services to become assistant executive director of professional services for
Vancouver's Children's Aid Society.
Albert L. Babb, BASc'48, MS, PhD
(Illinois), is a new member of the board
of directors of the American Nuclear Society. Dr. Babb's contributions to the
application of nuclear energy in medicine
have been cited by the Washington State
Joint Committee on Nuclear Energy
and in 1970 he was awarded a citation
from an American engineering magazine
for designing the first portable artificial
kidney system. Dr. Babb is chairman of
the department of nuclear engineering at
Lyle Streight
the University of Washington where he
has taught since 1952. . . . Lt.-Col. W. B.
Douglas Carter, BA'48, BSW'50, MSW
'69, is now head of welfare services at the
Canadian Forces Headquarters in Ottawa. . . . Paul B. Crowley, BASc'48, has
been appointed general manager of Standard Refractories in Burlington, Ontario.
. . . UBC's new department of anaesthesi-
ology is headed by Leonard C. Jenkins,
BA'48, MDCM(McGill). Dr. Jenkins will
continue to hold his post of associate
professor in surgery. A fellow of the
Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons,
he was honored by the Canadian Anaesthetists' Society for the best original research work in Canada in 1963. ... J. Rod
A. Lindsay, BASc'48, previously vice-
president, has become executive vice-
president  of Seaspan  International  Ltd.
Colin Mackay, BA(UNB), LLB'49,
DCL(Mt. Allison), LLD(UNB, Laval, St.
Dunstans, St. Thomas, Memorial, Colby,
Maine), president of the University of
New Brunswick for 16 years, is the new
executive director of the Association of
Universities and Colleges of Canada. . . .
Herbert M. Matson, BASc'48, is now
construction manager of Lornex Mining's
copper-molybdenum project in the Highland Valley, B.C. He has worked on major
construction projects in many countries—
most recently in Rio Tinto, Spain. . . .
One of B.C.'s newest judges is Mrs.
Patricia Fahlman Proudfoot, BA'49, LLB
'52. She's the third woman to be appointed to the provincial court bench.
Joining her on the bench is another new
judge Charles Murray Hyde, LLB'50, who
has been with the federal justice department since 1968. Both new judges will
serve in the Vancouver area. . . . Vernon
J. Rumford, BCom'49, has started his own
firm, Vernon J. Rumford Media in Vancouver, and is representing Southam
newspapers on the Pacific coast and the
Financial Times for B.C.
The awarding of the Massey Medal of
the Canadian Geographical Society to
Dr. J. Lewis Robinson, former head of
the UBC geography department, for 28
years of service to Canadian geography
was the occasion for the reunion of several UBC geography grads working with
various government departments in Ottawa. The reunion took place at the
home of Chester Brown, BA'50, director
of recreation, ARDA program of the department of economic expansion. At the
party were:  Alistair Crerar,  BA'48, MA
Lionel Cox '51, director of the Atlantic Development Board, and his wife Mary Lou (Mac-
Lean) BA'50, a landscape artist; Brooke
Cornwall, BA'49, MA'52, senior geographer with Atlas of Canada for the surveys and mapping branch; James Maxwell, BA'59, MA'64, who is with the
economic geography section of the department of energy, mines and resources;
Manfred Klein, BA'65, of the industrial
census section of Statistics Canada; Gary
Mullins, BA'64, MA'67, foreign trade section, department of trade and commerce
and   his   wife   Doreen   (Dyer)    BA'64,
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MA'67, who is in the Ottawa office of
the Canadian International Development Agency; Keith Crowe, MA'69, and
Peter Usher, PhD'70, are both doing
northern science research for Indian affairs and northern development. Two
other UBC geographers just missed the
party—Donald K. Mackay, BA'59, MA
'62, was up north working on a project
for the inland waters branch and Charles
J. Marshall, BA'50, has just been posted
to Europe with external affairs.
50's
Vancouver lawyer, Francis U. Collier,
LLB'50, has been sworn in as a judge in
trial division of the Federal Court. The
position requires an official residence in
Ottawa, but much of the new judge's
time will be spent in other parts of the
country as it is designed to be a travelling court. Since 1951 he has been a partner in the firm of Guild, Yule, Schmitt,
Lane, Hutcheon and Collier. He is the
sixth member of the firm to become a
higher court judge in the last 20 years.
"It's a great little judge factory" he
said. . . . Alfred D. Hoskins, BA'50, BASc
'51, MASc'56, is now coordinating marine, traffic and distribution planning for
the head office of Shell Canada. . . . Trying to make sense out of the legal maze
for the next three years will be John D.
McAlpine, BA'50, who has been appointed a member of the Canada Law
Reform Commission. . . . Bryce P. Page,
BSF'50, has left MacMillan, Bloedel to
take over as vice-president of marketing
for Weldwood of Canada. . . . Gordon Sid
Young, BA'50, has been appointed manager for the western Canada division of
Suntours Ltd.
In India is Alexa G. Cameron, BSA'51,
teacher with Union Biblical Seminary in
Yeotmal, Maharashtra. . . . Albert D.
Hall, BCom'51, is now with Wolverton
& Company, a Vancouver securities
company. . . . Mrs. Derek Doubleday,
BA'52 (Gloria Elizabeth Griffiths) continues her successful singing career in
Vancouver. Mrs. Doubleday, a contralto,
got rave notices for her "strikingly beautiful voice" while on tour in Britain last
year. . . . We'd lost track of him for a
while and were glad to learn the whereabouts of Allan Stuart Hunter, BCom'52,
who has been hiding out in Bearspaw
Heights, Calgary. He's now with the faculty of business at the University of Calgary. . . . Eric D. McPherson, BA'52, MA
'60, PhD(Washington State) professor of
education at UBC has been named associate dean of the faculty. . . . Back in
Vancouver after a spell in the Philippines
is William Anthony Triggs, BASc'52, who
will be working here with Placer Development. . . . John C. Ward, BA'52, has
been named director of the newly-formed
broadcast division of the Canadian Union
of Public Employees. The division represents 4,000 employees of the CBC.
George J. Korinek, BA'53, MSc'54,
PhD'56, has been named managing director of Herman C. Starck Inc., the American subsidiary of a large European company producing refractory and specialty
Alexa Cameron
metals. ... A former newspaper man and
city editor of the Vancouver Province,
Reginald J. S. Moir, LLB'54, is one of
three law grads to take up seats on the
provincial court bench. He will serve at
Kelowna. The others are John R. Caldwell, BA'48, LLB'49, who has been appointed district judge in Campbell River
and David M. Levis, LLB'59, who will
serve as district judge for the huge area
bounded by Fort. St. John, Dawson
Creek, Fort Nelson, Hudson-Hope, and
Chetwynd. Mr. Levis replaced Kenneth
Frederick Arkell, BA(Western Ontario),
LLB'59, who is moving to Vernon. . . .
Gerald D. Stevens, BASc'54, is the new
president of the Canadian Surgical Trade
Association. He is vice-president of J.
Stevens & Son in Toronto.
Robert W. Kennedy, BSc(Syracuse),
MF'55, PhD(Yale), is now associate director of the federal Western Forest Products Laboratory. He joined the laboratory in 1966 as head of the wood biology
section. . . . James L. Denholme, BASc'56,
an Alumni Fund executive member, has
been elected president of the Certified
General Accountants' Association of
B.C. ... J. Allan Keith, BASc'56, is now
in Kitimat as resident manager of the
Eurocan pulp and paper mill. . . . John H.
McArthur, BCom'57, MBA(Harvard),
DBA(Harvard), is now associate dean of
the faculty for the MBA program of the
Harvard University graduate School of
Business Administration.
Ashley T. Coopland, MD'58, is now
associate professor of obstetrics and
gynaecology at the University of Manitoba where he also directs postgraduate
education. . . . Up one rung in the U.S.
foreign service is Miles R. R. Frechette,
BA'58, who has been promoted to Class
4. Since entering the foreign service in
1968 he has been stationed in Honduras,
Chad, and Washington. He is presently
assigned to the department of state as
desk officer for Peru. . . . John C Low,
BA'58, was recently discovered to have
been living in Japan for the last eight
years—working as a journalist and a
teacher. . . . Teacher-power—a new concept of teacher involvement and decision
making—should be making itself heard in
the coming year through the work of the
new B.C. Teachers' Federation executive
members—president is Adam Robertson,
BA'58, a teacher from Creston and James
MacFarlan, BA'59, vice-president, who
has  been  co-ordinator of social  studies
30 Ashley Coopland
for Burnaby since 1968. . . . For the past
three years William M. Toynbee, BEd'58,
has been in the West Indies—as principal
of the St. Lucia Teachers' College in
Castries—under the sponsorship of the
Canadian external aid program.
A PhD was the best birthday gift for
Noel E. J. Boston, BASc'59, MScfTexas A
& M), PhD'71. A physical oceanographer,
Dr. Boston is an assistant professor at
the Navy School in Monterey, California. He presented the findings from his
doctoral studies to the 15th International Goedesy and Geophysics Union in
Moscow in August. . . . Robert R. Rowlands, BASc'59, MS, PhD(Illinois), a specialist in experimental solid mechanics at
the Illinois Institute of Technology has
been  honored  for  his  research  by  the
Miles Frechette
Society for Experimental Stress Analysis. One of his recent projects was collaboration on a series of lectures for
academic and scientific people on the application of high speed photography to
science.
60's
Writer John Peter Burnyeat, BA'60,
has completed the third in a series of
papers on mental health insight in literature. Entitled "Pastoral Psychology of
the Primitive Church", the paper will
appear in the next spring-summer issue
of The Journal of Pastoral Counselling. . . . Robin H. Farquhar, BA'60, MA
'64, PhD(Chicago), has been made chairman of the department of education administration at the Ontario Institute of
Studies in Education and associate professor at the University of Toronto. . . .
Robert S. K. Gibson, LLB'60, BA, BCom
(Queen's), MBA(Western Ont.), has set
up law practice for himself in Belleville,
Ontario. . . . John Robert Henderson,
BA'60, MA'63, has earned a PhD from
Caltech. . . . For the past year Gary
Whitten, BASc'60, has been chief administrative officer at Royal Roads military college in Victoria. Two recent promotions have now made him a lieutenant-
colonel and vice-commandant of the
college.
John H. Goodwin, BCom'61, is to be
the general chairman of the First International Conference on Corporate Planning to take place in Montreal in December. Mr. Goodwin is senior consultant,
with Ernst & Ernst in Montreal and is
vice-president of the North American
Society for Corporate Planning. . . . Mr.
and Mrs. Edward G. Platzer, BSc'61, MSc
'64, PhD(Mass.) (Anne Cooper, BSA'54,
MSc'62, PhD(Mass.) are now living in
Riverside, California where Edward is
teaching at UCR. ... J. Cameron Reid,
BEd'61, was awarded the degree of master of sacred theology by the University
of Winnipeg at its recent convocation.
He is presently minister of St. John's
United Church in Bonneyville, Alberta.
. . . Alfred Scow, LLB'61, B.C.'s first
native Indian lawyer, has been appointed
provincial court judge for Prince Rupert.
Mr. Scow's father, Chief William Scow is
Pack all your cam and
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31 Martin Chambers
a provincial court judge in Alert Bay—
the Scow family may have a new tradition. ... J. A. Warner Woodley, BCom'61,
has been appointed manager of administration services for International Nickel
in Thompson, Manitoba.
Frank Anfield, BCom'62, takes a step
up with McKim/ Benton & Bowles to
become Vancouver branch manager. . . .
Hilary Brown, BA'62, formerly a radio
broadcaster with the CBC has moved
into television with the CJOH news department in Ottawa after a sojourn at
the Guggenheim museum in New York.
. . . After three years as tax counsel in
the Vancouver office of the department
of justice William Hohmann, BA'62, LLB
65, has made a move to Edmonton to
join the faculty of law at the University
of Alberta. . . . Robert E. McKechnie,
BASc'62, has returned to Vancouver
after an eight year absence in California
and Montreal. He is back at UBC as an
assistant professor in the mechanical engineering department.
Michael C. Deland, BSA'63, MSc'65,
has completed a PhD in genetics at the
University of Connecticut and is moving
on to do post-doctoral work at Purdue
University. . . . Kenneth Gilby Hewlett,
BSc'63, should have a whale of a time in
his new job as acting curator of the Vancouver Aquarium. . . . Helping to keep
the show on the road for the Pacific
National Exhibition will be"John Skelton,
BSA'63, MBA(Toronto), who has been
appointed assistant general manager of
the organization. During EXPO 67 he ran
what was called the world's biggest parking lot as well as the EXPO entertainment complex.
Raymond Chow, BEd'64, whose
sketches of old houses have earned him
widespread critical acclaim is back in
Vancouver after some time abroad, part
of which was spent living in an old house
in Holland Park, London, that he might
have drawn himself—complete with bay
windows, 15 foot ceilings and candelabra.
In early October there was a showing of
his work at Canada House in London. . . .
David Goodenough, BSc'64, MSc, PhD
(Toronto), is now assistant professor of
astronomy at Wheaton College, Mass.
. . . Keeping in the picture is Teh. S.
Kuan, BSc'64, PhD(California), who recently joined Eastman Kodak and has
been assigned to their research laboratories in Rochester, N.Y. . . . Inga G.
Morris,    BA'64,    MA'65,    has    recently
32
Jane Heyman
finished her doctorate at the University
of Miinster, West Germany.
Taking over as production manager of
the Neptune Theatre in Halifax is Rae
Ackerman, BA'65, who is remembered in
Vancouver for his work with the Playhouse and Holiday Theatre. He was previously technical manager at the St.
Lawrence Centre in Toronto. . . . Gordon
Douglas Gram, BA'65, paid Vancouver a
visit this summer. He lives in London,
England and is sales manager with Prentice Hall International. He has been with
the company for five years and during
that time has had assignments in Scandinavia, Holland and the Far East.
Mrs. Stanley F. Carlson, (Margaret Y.
Catley), BA'66, is attending the Institute
of International Relations at the University of the West Indies on a year's leave
of absence from the external affairs department. . . . One of Vancouver's growing group of young singers and musicians, Martin Chambers, BMus'66, MMus
'69, is now with the Vienna Chamber
Opera. In the spring and summer of this
year he took eight months away from his
performance schedule to make the change
from baritone to tenor. . . . Continuing
her work with youth in a slightly different context is Elizabeth J. Burrell, BA
'66, who leaves her post as resident director of the Vancouver YWCA to travel to
West Africa to be youth and program
consultant for the YWCA in Sierra
Leone. . . . Jane Heyman, BA'66, formerly artistic director of Holiday Theatre
has stretched a three-month trip to England on a Canada Council grant to study
children's theatre into three years. She is
now assistant director of the Midlands
Arts Theatre Company in Birmingham.
. . . Wayne William Murphy, BA'66, a
member of the Trappist Order, is now at
Our Lady of Guadalupe Abbey in Lafayette, Oregon.
Mrs. Dana Campbell, (Barrie Kullman),
BA'67, BLS'69, is the librarian in charge
of the children's program for the public
library and art museum in London, Ontario. . . . Mrs. Peter Coleridge, (Florence
Johnson), BSc'67, BLS(Toronto), is currently a librarian at Carleton University. . . . Robert Paul Kanee, BSc'67,
MBA(Western Ontario), walked off with
the gold medal for the MBA class of '71
at Western and was named to the Dean's
Honor List. He is now articling with a
London chartered accountants firm. . . .
Brenda Joyce Sneed, BMus'67, has won a
rare scholarship from the Julliard School
of Music in New York where she is studying for her masters degree in piano.
William Douglas Black, BA'68, has
been appointed district sales manager of
Hilton Canada's new sales and reservation office at the Palliser Hotel in Calgary. . . . Gary McD. Elfstrom, BASc'68,
PhD(Imperial College), and his wife,
Carol Anne (Skelton), BHE'67, are moving to Tullahoma, Tenn. where Gary is
doing post-doctoral work at the University of Tennessee Space Institute. . . .
Ronald Eric Harrison, BA'68, who has
been attending theological college in
Cambridge, Mass. for the past three
years was recently ordained deacon at
St. Mary's Anglican Church in Vancouver. . . . W. Robert Hill, BA'68, is keeping a close eye on the workings of the
political scene in Ottawa where he is a
staff writer for the Citizen and he still
finds time for occasional contributions to
the Globe & Mail. . . . After two years of
federally supported research into parent-
child separation in B.C. Davis Neave, BA
(Victoria), MSW'68, leaves for Calgary to
join the staff of the social service department as a research specialist in social
planning. . . . Donald J. Petrie, BCom'68,
is on a masters degree program at Golden
Gate Baptist Theological Seminary near
San Francisco.
Barry T. Hargrave, PhD'69, is now on
the staff of the marine ecology laboratory
of the Bedford Institute in Dartmouth,
N.S. . . . The Sir Arthur Sims scholarship
from the Royal Society of Canada is taking Gerry Lenoski, BA'69, to the University of Essex for his doctorate in political
science. He spent last year at Carleton
University and before that was administrative assistant to the minister of mines,
energy and natural resources. . . . Susan
J. MacKenzie, BA'69, a graduate student
in comparative literature at UBC has
been awarded three major fellowships for
her doctoral work—a Canada Council
fellowship, an IODE grant for overseas
research and a Commonwealth scholarship from Britain. . . . Ronald P. Philip-
chalk, MA'69, PhD(Western Ontario), is
now teaching psychology at St. Thomas
University in Fredericton, N.B.
70's
The first Canadian ice-dance champions to complete the "grand slam" of
novice, junior and senior Canadian titles,
Robert Barry Soper, BEd'70 and his skating partner and new wife, Louise (Lind),
DlpDH'70, have turned down a lucrative
offer to skate professionally with an
American ice show in order to boost
Canada's chances for representation in
world championship skating. Their first
objective is to retain the Canadian title
in February and then move into the big
league at the world championships in
Calgary in March. . . . Another winner of
musical honors is Gary Spilsted, BMus'70,
now a graduate student in music at Harvard, has won the Boott prize for composition in concerted vocal music. While
at UBC, Gary was awarded a Woodrow
Wilson independent summer award, which he used last summer to study baroque
opera manuscripts in Europe.
Kelvin S. Beckett, BA'71, is employed.
Everyone starts somewhere—he didn't
say where though. . . . Winner of the
$1,000 scholarship from the New Artists
Association of B.C., Mrs. David Marr,
(Jennifer Paterson), BMus'71, is now living in Cambridge, where her husband is a
fellow at Trinity. She is studying voice in
London and singing in the 18th Century
Tom Jones Opera in Cambridge.
births
Dr. and Mrs. John Brian Armstrong, BSc
'64, a son, Patrick Ian, August 9, 1971 in
Ottawa. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Maurice Benson, (Lynne Braidwood, BA'68), a daughter, Sian Kimberlee, July 19, 1971 in
London, England. . . . Mr. and Mrs. William L. Birney, BSc'63, a son, Earle William, August 30, 1971 in Vancouver. . . .
Mr. and Mrs: Michael D. Burns, (Lorraine
Hodson, BEd'66), a son, Philip Michael,
May 5, 1971 in Calgary. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
Robert G. DeBou, BA'67, LLB'70, a daughter, Marilyn Michelle, July 20, 1971 in
Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Robert
M. Galbraith, BSc'64, (Sandrea Howden,
BHE'65), a daughter, Cari Nicole, July
8, 1971 in Bogota, Colombia. . . . Mr. and
Mrs. John A. Greig, BA'64, a daughter,
Denise Johanne, May 9, 1971 in San Francisco, California. . . . Dr. and Mrs. Robert
J. Hoehn, (Margaret Maier Guest, MD
'54), a daughter, Margaret Eve, March
14, 1971 in Denver, Colorado. . . . Mr.
and Mrs. Ernie Kuyt, BA'57, a son, Jonathan, April 17, 1971 in Edmonton. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. Donald MacLean, (Jill Arnold, BPE'67 MPE'69), a son, Brian
Roger, September 7, 1971 in Halifax. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. R. Dean McLean, BA'64,
(Wendy Baker, BA'66), a daughter, Alison Kathleen, April 5, 1971 in Kamloops
.... Dr. and Mrs. Tad Nishimura, BSA
'64, MD'68, (Heather Main, BA'68), a
son, Tad Marc, June 20, 1971 in Palo
Alto, California. . . . Mr. and Mrs. David
E. Nordstrom, BA'65, (D. Jean Ethridge,
BMus'67), a son, Devin Andrew, August
10, 1971 in Victoria. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
Dexter G. Olund, BASc'69, (Cheri Olund,
BHE'69), a son, Dean Richard, June 19,
1971 in Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
John Sample, BSc'69, (Eve Baillie, BSP
'69), a daughter, Sarah Nicole, April 23,
1971 in Edmonton. . . . Dr. and Mrs.
Colin Scarfe, BSc'60, MSc'61, a daughter,
Sarah Maureen, May 20, 1971 in Victoria
.... Mr. and Mrs. Robert H. Sharp, (Marilyn Hobson, BHE'64), twin sons, Gavin
William and Colin Warren, May 26, 1971
in Lacombe, Alberta. . . . Mr. and Mrs
John B. Tyrrell, BA'64, a son, Bruce Edward, May 10, 1971 in Vancouver. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. A. Vitols, (Barbara Mitchell, BA'61), a daughter, Lisa Alexandra
August 10, 1971 in Vancouver. . . .Dr.
and Mrs. G. R. Barrie Webster BSc'63,
MSc'65, (Phyllis Sagert, BA'64), a son,
Godfrey Behan, August 28, 1971 in Win
nipeg. . . . Dr. and Mrs. F. Graham Wilson, PhD'70, (Adrienne Allen, BA'65), a
son, Dale Kirby, June 8, 1971 in Newcastle-upon-Tyne, England. . . . Mr. and
Mrs. David Woolliams, BA'65, (Maureen
Horton, BHE'65), a son, Kevin Alexander,
October 3, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . Mr.
and Mrs. Gary Yager, (Danielle Scheffer-
Yager, BASc'69), a son, Keira Scheffer,
August 29, 1971 in Seattle, Washington.
Capt. and Mrs. Edward G. Steel, BEd'67,
a son, James Edward, April 15, 1971 in
Calgary.
marriages
Annis-Walchli. Robert Donald Annis to
Rosemarie Walchli, BEd'65, August 21,
1971 in Prince George. . . . Dole-Marsden.
Paul Damien Dole to Patricia Mary Mars-
den, BA'67, July 7, 1971 at Alton Castle,
North Staffordshire, England. . . . Dong-
OgurzsoS. Dennis Dong, BSc'69 to Linda
Ogurzsoff, BMus'71, August 14, 1971 in
Vancouver. . . . Gresko-Kennedy. Robin
Gresko, BSc'69 to Jacqueline Judith Kennedy, BA'69, December 19, 1970 in New
Westminster. . . . Hudson-Bowman. Donald H. Hudson to Daphne-Lynne Bowman, BA'67, April 8, 1971 in Vancouver
.... Knight-Spankie. Roy Finklea Knight
to Caroline Margaret Dacre Spankie, BA
'65, MA'67, September 3, 1971 in Vancouver. . . . Lifchus-Kestenbaum. Ian
Michael Lifchus, BASc'68 to Bonnie Joy
The 	
e"9ne    fC3St/10/
The soothing ail
for'overwroughtengines.
Castrol Oils (Canada) Limited
^cutof&fty
THE 100% B.C. OWNED DAIRY
33 WEBSTER
DICTIONARIES
Library size 1970 edition,
brand new, still in box.
Cost new $45.00.
WILL SELL FOR
$1^00
Deduct 10% on order of 6 or more.
Mail to:
NORTH AMERICAN
LIQUIDATORS
58 - 158 2nd Ave. N., Dept. 0-736
Saskatoon, Saskatchewan
C.O.D. orders enclose $1.00 per volume,
good will deposit. Pay balance plus C.O.D.
shipping on delivery. Be satisfied on inspection or return within 10 days for full refund.
No dealers, each volume specifically stamped
"not for resale."
north,
south,
east,
west.
.... all over the map, as a
matter of fact—that's where
UBC grads are . .. our
Records Department has the
endless task of keeping track
of them. So when you move,
marry or take a spectacular
new job ... please let them
know (the mailing label from
your CHRONICLE makes
things easy for them).
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park, UBC
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Please Print:
Name   	
(Maiden Name) 	
(Married women please note your
husband's full name)
Class Year 	
Address   	
Kestenbaum, June 1971, in Irvington,
New Jersey. . . . Scott-Stacewicz. Alec J.
Scott to Josephine Stacewicz, BA'66, August 7, 1971 in Courtenay. . . . Whitman-
Ellis. Floyd Wallace Whitman to Vivian
Mauretta Ellis, BA'48, BSW'49, MSW'49,
July 24, 1971 in Vancouver. . . . Wool-
liams-McGregor. Ewart Neil Woolliams,
BCom'61 to Nina Grant McGregor, August 1, 1970 in Summerland.
deaths
John Roger Bennion, BA'63, LLB'67,
March 25, 1971 in Vancouver. A lawyer
in private practice in Vancouver, he is
survived by his wife (Glenda Olson, BSc
'65, MSc'68) and daughter.
Desmond L. F. Burdon-Murphy, BA'58,
May 5, 1970 in North Vancouver.
Lloyd Johnston Costley, BA'47, BEd'48,
May 21, 1971 in Burnaby. He is survived
by his wife.
Benjamin A. Crichlow, BSc'59, MD(West
Indies), July  17,   1971   in Ottawa. He is
survived by   his   wife   (Olga   Nicholson,
BEd'64), son and parents.
Phoebe  Irene  Cumming,  BA'57,  March
18,    1971,   accidentally,   near   Williams
Lake. She is survived by her father.
Frederick Hale Davies, BEd'64, April 16,
1971 in Salmon Arm.
David Cadwaladr Ellis, BA'32, November
11, 1970 in Vancouver. He is survived by
his wife (Margaret Buchanan, BA'36) and
daughter, Mrs. George Zaher, (Patricia),
BA'64.
Donald R. Ferguson, BASc'36, MASc'38,
August 29, 1971 in Tuscon, Arizona. He
is survived by his wife, three daughters
and brother, William, BA'43.
Frederick Angus Gunn, BA(Alberta),
BSW'65, MSW'66, accidentally, June 24,
1971 in Kennedy River.
Roger Sheridan Hamilton, LLB'51, August 30, 1971 in Whalley. An RCAF veteran of the Second World War, he was a
partner in a Whalley law firm. He is survived by his wife, son, sister and two
brothers, Claude, LLB'50 and Howard,
LLB'54.
Richard D. Hayes, BA(Western Washington), LLB'65, October 5, 1971 in Vancouver. A winner of the Bobby Gaul
Memorial trophy at UBC, he was active
in federal politics, running as a Liberal
candidate in the 1965 election. He later
spent several years in Ottawa as executive assistant to the ministers of labour,
justice and consumer affairs. He returned
to private law practice in Vancouver 18
months ago. He is survived by his wife
(Brenda Mallen, BSW'65) and two daughters.
Alexander Hendry, BA'31, September 14,
1970 in Victoria. He was an executive
with Victoria Plywood Ltd. and is survived by his wife and brother, Noel,
BASc'37.
Robert Alan Hewitt, BA, BEd(Saskat-
chewan), MEd'68, August 19, 1971 accidentally, near Kamloops. His wife,
Heather, a graduate student at UBC,
died in the same accident. He is survived
by his mother.
John Kimball Kelly, BSF'64, MBA'71,
September 8, 1971 accidentally, in McKenzie. He was project manager for
Dawson Development in McKenzie and
is survived by his wife (Suzanna Vanden
Berg, BEd'65), daughter, parents and
brother.
William Don Korli, BASc'48, ME(Cali-
fornia), July 1971, accidentally near Fullerton, California. He is survived by his
wife.
Edouard I. Le Francois, BEd'69, September 21, 1971 in Vancouver. A teacher in
the Coquitlam school district, he is survived by his wife and son.
John Joseph Maxwell, BASc'41, 1970 in
Fort Saskatchewan, Alberta. He is survived by his wife.
William J. Nixon, BEd'70, October 1971,
accidentally, near Jos, Nigeria. He was an
instructor in industrial education at Sir
Charles Tupper School in Vancouver and
was in Nigeria under the sponsorship of
the Canadian International Development
Agency. His wife and children died in the
same plane crash.
Mrs. Harry B. Pearson (Dorothy Mary
Elliott), BA'36, October 9, 1970 in
Kelowna . She is survived by her husband,
Harry, BCom'34, BSA'36, three daughters and a brother.
William E. Philpott, LLB'53, July 28,
1971 in Nanaimo. He was a lawyer in
Vancouver before being appointed a
family court judge in Nanaimo in 1969.
He is survived by his wife.
Harington Molesworth Anthony Rice,
BASc'23, MASc'3i, PhD(CalTech), September 9, 1970 in Ottawa, Ontario. He
joined the staff of the Geological Survey
of Canada in 1935. He did field work in
B.C. until 1947 when he returned to the
Ottawa office where he later became
chief technical editor. He was a fellow of
the Royal Society of Canada and is survived by his wife and son.
Ralph O. Searl, BSc'60, BSP'63, MSP'66,
May 4, 1971 in Vancouver. An instructor
on UBC's pharmaceutical sciences faculty, his research work had received international recognition. He is survived by
his wife and two children. (An education
fund for the children has been started by
Mr. Searl's friends. Information from
R. A. Wildeman, BSP'65, Director, Pharmaceutical Sciences, McMaster University Medical Centre, Hamilton, Ontario.)
Christie H. Smith, BCom'60, LLB'61,
September 1971, accidentally, near Chil-
ko Lake. He is survived by his wife and
parents.
George Thomas Street, BASc'49, July 23,
1971 in West Vancouver. He was a vice-
president of Howard R. Wright & Assocs.
in Vancouver and is survived by his wife,
son and sister.
Robert Edward Walker, BA'23, July 23,
1971 in Vancouver. His career in B.C.'s
fishing industry began in 1918 with B.C.
Packers. By 1930, he founded with a
partner, his own company which later
merged with B.C. Packers. He served as
president of that company from 1956 until his retirement in 1958. He was a past
chairman of the western division of the
Fisheries Research Board of Canada and
is survived by his wife (Evelyn Mary
Eveleigh, BA'23) and three sons; Robert,
BCom'47, Peter, BCom'51 and William,
BA'51, LLB'52.
34 An announcement of great interest
to all UBC Alumni
Some time ago, Encyclopaedia Britannica extended to UBC Alumni
a special offer on the Encyclopaedia.
We are pleased to announce that we are again able to offer the same
arrangement to UBC Alumni. Through this Group Discount Offer,
alumni, faculty, staff and students can obtain the latest edition of the
Encyclopaedia Britannica at a reduced price; a cost far lower than
is available to any individual. In addition to the 24 volume Encyclopaedia, the Group Offer also includes a choice of further publications and services at no extra cost.
The extras from which you may choose include: The 15 volume
Britannica Junior Encyclopaedia, designed for elementary school-
aged children; the Merriam-Webster Third New International Dictionary; the Britannica International Atlas; and a walnut-veneered
bookcase. There is also a wide range of Study Guides from which to
choose and the Britannica Research Service which allows up to 100
individually prepared research reports on virtually any subject.
The reduced price and the choice of extras is available only under
this Group plan.
If you would like more information on this Group Offer at no
obligation, complete and return the attached reply card today. ^oDndof^
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