UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle [1972-06]

Item Metadata


JSON: alumchron-1.0224248.json
JSON-LD: alumchron-1.0224248-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): alumchron-1.0224248-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: alumchron-1.0224248-rdf.json
Turtle: alumchron-1.0224248-turtle.txt
N-Triples: alumchron-1.0224248-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: alumchron-1.0224248-source.json
Full Text

Full Text

' ^
"^v*^   V
„■ -v.*
*  ,^fc
«...        , -V, .
- ■'.
«  ■ ..   ■           o
&& *&
3«fSf .,;:>>■
Savings plans for every purpose...
Loan plans f nr every need
SHARE SAVINGS for your share of VanCity ownership/Membership account with the unique Credit
Union life insurance feature / pays annual dividends.
PLAN 24 for your holidays or taxes, child's piggy-
bank savings or large sum for short time / Earns
interest on every dollar every day it is on deposit /
Deposits for any amount and withdrawals at any
FUTURA 50 — Another VanCity original — deposits
as low as $50/earnings not reportable for income
tax purposes until  maturity or withdrawal.
TERM DEPOSITS for your larger investments /
individual deposits of $500 and up / One Year
Term with prior withdrawal privileges / Five Year
Term with annual interest payments.
PERSONAL CHEQUING for family bookkeeping /
Service charge only 25c per month plus 11c per
cheque / quarterly interest.
LOANS — for your personal needs: cars, trailers,
boats, holidays, etc. / for your family, home or
real estate investment / 1st and 2nd mortgage
loans for any purpose / VanCity loans are open
contracts and permit payment in full without penalty / insurance protection up to $10,000 at no
additional charge, subject only to generous age
and health requirements.
OTHER SERVICES: Safe deposit boxes in full
security vaults at three offices / Traveller's
Cheques / Registered Retirement Savings Plan /
Records kept for Agreements and Mortgages.
The Provincial Share and Deposit
Guarantee Fund protects the shares and
deposits ot all individuals in every
credit union in British Columbia.
1030 W. Broadway
5590 Victoria Dr.
2626 E. Hastings
3295 W. Broadway
2222 Marine Drive,
West Vancouver
Hours of business 9 a.m.-5 p.m.
Sat. 9 a.m.-1 p.m. Closed Mon. mW^M UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
VOLUME 26, NO. 2, SUMMER 1972
Beverly Field
Northern Ireland Today
PAST Doris Hopper
Reviews by Viveca Ohm
and N. E. Omelusik
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER    Annette Breukelman
Alumni Media, (604-688-6819)
Mrs. Ft. W. Wellwood, BA'51, chairman, Frank C.
Walden, BA'49, past chairman, Mrs. Frederick Field,
BA'42, Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba),
(PhD, Chicago), Philip Keatley, BA'51, Trevor
Lautens, (BA, McMaster), Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46,
MA'48, (PhD, Washington), Mrs. A. Vitols, BA'61.
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University
of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Qreen Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C.    (604-228-3313).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle Is sent to all alumni
of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are available at $3
a year, students $1 a year.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
the ubc alumni association now represents approximately 61,000 graduates, 3,000 of whom
obtained their degree this year.
To fulfill the objectives of the association and
carry on its programs the board of management
communicates with the university administration,
students, the government of British Columbia, the
public and with its own members. I therefore consider the association to be the most important extension of the University into the community. Although we concern ourselves mainly with the needs
of the University of British Columbia, in so doing
we also attempt to influence public opinion regarding the needs and benefits of education in general.
We should consider ourselves well suited to extol
the advantages of higher education.
During the coming year several programs will be
given special attention. We will organize a student
affairs committee whose tasks will be to recommend
more active participation and concern for student
affairs. We must consider the point of view of the
students, future alumni, and the influences on their
attitudes towards colleges and universities. The past
10 years have generated more alumni than in all
the previous years combined. We were delighted
that Doug Aldridge, the Alma Mater Society president, spoke recently at our Quesnel branch meeting.
It is hoped that agreement will soon be reached
so that work can begin to prevent further erosion
of the Point Grey Cliffs.
The branches program has shown vigorous
growth and we will continue to organize meetings
and functions to which the public will be welcome.
The most exciting event of the fall will be the
50th Anniversary of the Great Trek to be held on
the Reunion weekend of October 21st.
The immediate concern of the 1972-73 board
of management will be the study and implementation of the Alumni Opinion Survey. A summary of
the results of this survey will appear in the fall edition of the Chronicle. Since there was such a high
response to the survey questionnaire the board of
management will assume that in implementing the
results we will be reflecting your wishes.
We welcome comments, ideas and participation
in our programs by all alumni.
Beverly Field
3 Yes,You Can
Save Money on
Car Insurance
YOU CAN SAVE $20, $30, $40, $50 OR MORE
One phone call to Westco or the
simple act of mailing this coupon
could save you hundreds of dollars
on car insurance over the years.
You could save $20, $30. $40,
$50 and. in some cases, more
per year — for the same
insurance coverage you have
nowl Many B.C. drivers are
enjoying these low rates.
So can you!
Car insurance does not need to
be "sold" in British Columbia.
It is compulsory. So Westco has
no salesmen or agents. What you
would have paid as commissions
to a salesman or an agent —
one of the most expensive costs
of typical insurance companies —
is now returned to you in the form
of lower rates. Westco was
established to reduce the cost of
car insurance in British Columbia
for good drivers who deserve
lower rates.
Westco's head office is in B.C.
you deal directly with Westco.
If you need car insurance —
or before you renew your present
coverage — contact WESTCO
first and learn how much
you can save.
If you are involved in an accident,
you speak directly to WESTCO's
head office without going through
a "middle man". You get immediate attention from WESTCO's
streamlined claim service system
— as well as fewer delays and a
lot less paper work (other factors
that raise insurance rates).
WESTCO provides quick, fair
claims settlements handled without
red tape. You'll appreciate the
service as well as the savings.
WESTCO's preferred risks are
better drivers. People who
observe the traffic regulations.
Who have rarely had an accident.
Who are thoughtful and courteous
on the highway.
Can you qualify?
Why not find out?
Phone: Home
Marrlad a Divorced a     Mala D
Saparatad Q NavarMarriad a Female □
Date first licensed to drive	
Hava you or any mambar of your household been involved
in any accident in the past five years?
Yes □ No D (If "yes" provide dateils on a separata sheet).
In the last live years has your
license bean suspended?
Are you now insured?
Date current policy expires 	
This coupon  la designed solely to enable non-policy
holders to obtain an application and rates tor their cars.
Car No. 1
Car No. 2
Make of automc
No. of cylinders
Model (Impala,
Dart, ate.)
Days per week driven to
work, train or bus depot,
or fringe parking area
YesD Nod
    ... Dayi
Is car used in busineas
(except to and from work)?
Yea D "o O
Give number and dataa
of traffic convictfona
in last 5 years.
Msle or
To You
or Single
% of Use
Car #2
TC5-72 The
A personal viewpoint on the
crisis in Northern Ireland by
Lord Terence O'Neill, the
former Prime Minister of
that conflict-torn country.
The roots of the current conflict in
Northern Ireland lie deep in a turbulent history. Some awareness of this
history is essential to an understanding of the problem today, declared
Lord Terence O'Neill, former Prime
Minister of Northern Ireland, in his
opening remarks to 400 alumni in
the Hotel Vancouver on May 18. He
was speaking on, "What's Really
Happening in Ireland Today."
While he did not go back quite to
the time of Cromwell, Lord O'Neill
began by outlining the main historical factors underlying the crisis. He
pointed first to the colonization of
Northern Ireland in the 18th century
by Scotch Presbyterians as the basis
of later religious conflict. He noted
the importance of the Irish Rebellion
of 1798 and the failure of the resultant Act of Union, which made Ireland an integral part of the United
Kingdom. This led to steady agitation throughout the 19th century for
"Home Rule"—Ireland wanting to
have its own provincial government
much like British Columbia has
within Canada—but this was resisted
by the British government.
Finally, out of political necessity,
a Home Rule Bill was passed—over
opposition by northern Irish Protestants—but then, with the outbreak
of the First World War, it was left
in cold storage. One of the most
important turning-points, in Lord
O'Neill's view, was the Dublin Rebellion of 1916 in which the British
government showed a great lack of
statesmanship. The Irish people, he
said, opposed the rebellion but the
British government, instead of jailing the ringleaders for the duration
of the war, had them shot. This immediately made them martyrs and
heroes and turned the Irish against
the British government.
Following the war, the British
government reviewed the question
and in 1920 passed the Government
of Ireland Act which gave Ireland
the trappings and titles of Dominion
status   within   the  Commonwealth, said Lord O'Neill, but not the substance, which southern Ireland particularly desired. Had true Dominion
status been granted, he said, there
would not have been the bloody
civil war that followed. After the
civil war, southern Ireland was given
Dominion status as the Irish Free
State. In 1936, southern Ireland virtually withdrew from the Commonwealth and in 1948 made the break
The Protestant majority in Northern Ireland accepted the trappings
of Dominion status, said Lord
O'Neill, and used their political
power to juggle electoral boundaries
to keep the Catholic minority out
of control of local governments —
an action which was never forgotten
or forgiven. Lord O'Neill said that
when he became Prime Minister in
1963 there had been very little done
in the way of political reforms in
Northern Ireland and the Catholic
minority was increasingly tired of
being second-class citizens. Lord
O'Neill went on to say this about the
contemporary problem of Northern
As by and large the party which
I had the honor to lead wouldn't
agree to any reforms at all, I was
reduced to trying to show good will
to the minority and so I set out to do
two things: to try to improve relations between Protestants and Catholics in the north of Ireland and to try
to improve relations between Northern Ireland and southern Ireland.
And in pursuit of the second objective I invited Mr. Sean Lemass, the
then Prime Minister of Eire, up to
have lunch with me in Belfast in
1965. Many of my Protestant friends
in Belfast—and I still have just a few
left—say to me today, "If only you
hadn't asked Mr. Lemass to come to
Belfast you'd still be prime minister
today." Well, that isn't true. My
meeting with the southern Irish
prime minister had nothing to do
with what happened subsequently at
Nine months after my meeting
with Mr. Lemass I held an election
and I did very much better than my
predecessor did on what you might
call a sectarian ticket. We won the
election with a far larger majority
than my predecessor had four years
earlier. It was not due to the meetings between north and south that
this trouble arose. Well, what was it
that caused the trouble?
The most important thing in Irish
life is the celebration of anniversaries. There is nothing more important
for a Protestant or a Catholic than to
go on celebrating year after year
after year certain anniversaries in
their history. And as bad luck would
have it, 1966, the year after that election, was the 50th anniversary of the
Dublin Rebellion. At first we thought
it was only going to be a one day
celebration but they thought out new
reasons and they kept the celebrations going for three weeks. The
whole of the Catholic areas of Belfast were a forest of Irish Republican
flags. Anti-British slogans were
chalked up on gable ends and there's
no doubt about it that the less reasonable Protestants in Belfast became
very angry about all this.
I did two things to try and help
the situation. I set up a committee of
ministers to advise me how we would
handle the situation and the second
thing I did was to address a joint
meeting of Catholics and Protestants,
which again had never been done by
a prime minister of Northern Ireland
before. In my remarks I made a very
delicate and careful reference to the
divisions which were caused by
Catholic and Protestant children
being educated seperately and I said
that if we were genuinely keen to
ensure that Catholics and Protestants
could get on well in the future, some
way must be found whereby the
children could be educated together
and not meet for the first time in their
lives when they got to university,
having been taught different history,
having been taught to play different
games and everything else. A fortnight after that meeting, a meeting
of the Bench of Bishops took place
in Manuth outside of Dublin and I
was publicly condemned for my outrageous remarks. I tell you that story
not in any hostility to the Catholic
church but just to show you how intractable and impossible it is to deal
with this Irish problem.
The year 1966, the 50th anniversary of the Dublin Rebellion made
Ian Paisley. He was known before, of
course, in Northern Ireland. He was
known in southern Ireland. But he
was not known outside Ireland until
1966. He marched round and round
and round Belfast weekend after
weekend after weekend. There was
violence, bricks were thrown. The
General Assembly of the Presbyterian Church was attacked by the
Free Presbyterians. The Presbyterian wife of the Governor had a heart
attack as a result of the insults
hurled at her by Paisley's men and
by the end of the summer, Mr. Paisley, much to his pleasure, was in
prison. He became famous. He became notorious. He became a martyr.
My more extreme back-benchers
thought the day had come for action
and there was a conspiracy against
my leadership in September, 1966,
which I managed to survive and then
we settled down again in 1967. But,
of course, the Catholics had been
watching Mr. Paisley with great interest. They saw that it was possible
by marching and a certain amount
of street violence to achieve fame and
notoriety and probably to make a lot
of money as well. So the civil rights
movements decided in the fall of
1968 to copy the Paisley technique,
which they did and they achieved the
same fame and the same position in a
Now the civil rights movement
when it started in the fall of 1968 had
many very good points about it. It
was about 85 per cent Catholic, but
it was nevertheless 15 per cent Protestant and it materially assisted me
to get the Conservative party in
Northern Ireland to accept reforms
which they were previously not willing to accept. Just before Christmas
1968, I went on television and appealed for peace, saying that we had
already announced the reforms we
were going to introduce and they
could not be introduced if this violence continued. The civil rights
movement accepted this television
broadcast and they called off all
their activities. But, of course, it is
the extremists who always make
things quite impossible in Ireland
and a new organization appeared on
the scene and jumped on the passing
bandwagon. That organization was
known as the People's Democracy
and it was based at the Queen's University of Belfast and the most famous person to emerge from that
extreme left-wing organization was
Miss Bernadette Devlin. Nobody had
ever heard of her before, but in January of 1969 she broke the civil
rights truce and lead a march from
Belfast to Derry.
Fifty dirty long-haired bedraggled
students left the centre of Belfast in
the new year and had they been left
alone they would have hobbled into
Londonderry four days later, weary For every Tom, Dick .and Harry
there's a perfect European holiday.
The trick is knowing whether
you're a Tom, Dick or Harry.
It happens every summer.
A lot of our passengers head off
to Europe and go on a
super-duper coach tour.
Only to find they've made a
super-duper blooper, and would
have been happier with a self
drive car.
This summer, because we
think an airline should do more
than just get you to Europe—we
figured out a way to help. So
we've organized hundreds of
holidays tailored to type—for
every Tom, Dick and Harry.
Tom: (From $17.15 a day.
Car, bed and breakfast)
Mr. Independence himself. Not
for Tom the planned itinerary, the
details organized. Just give him a
car, a place to hang his nat, a
good road map—and he'll find
the great places himself. For our
intrepid traveller, we've organized
a bunch of "Independence
Holidays"—an Avis car with
unlimited mileage from only $10.15
a day, three types of accommodation offers from $7 a night (500
hotels to choose from in over 20
countries). He gets the freedom to
go where he wishes—stop and
start as he pleases.
Dick: (From $17*
a day, a hotel in the sun,
with all meals)
Dick likes to have all the
details organized—and he'll take
care of the good times in his own
way. So he'd rather choose from
our "Carefree Holidays" selection.
Our Great British Pub Tour
for instance—a car, accommodation and breakfast in some of the
most fascinating areas of
England for under $14 a day.
Or Paris for a day, then off to the
Mediterranean sun for as little
as $17 a day, airfare from Paris,
hotel and all meals included.
The details are organized—yet his
days and evenings are his own.
Harry: (The best of
8 countries by luxury coach
for only $20.20 a day)
Harry leaves everything in
the hands of the experts, even
down to the driving. And spends
his time being whisked from
palace to pub, castle to quaint
village in the luxury of a
streamlined coach with a bunch
of new found friends. For Harry,
there's our "Friendship
-like $20.20 a day for 8
countries, 34 cities,
hotels, bath,
breakfast and multilingual host
all included. And there's more—
from first class luxury at under
$30 a day to the adventurous
Marco Polo (London to Katmandu)
for just under $9 per day.
What they all get
A European hoi iday that's a
lot more than just a "seat" to
Europe, for starters.
All three—and theirwives,
can fly on our new 22-45 day
excursion fare—the lowest in
airline history. Go and return when
they want, and their kids can fly
for naif fare. Best of all —they can
use our "Open Jaw" offering —
fly into any of our 11 destinations,
tour Europe and leave from
another—for little or no extra cost.
It's all explained in our Free
European Holiday Guide. Why
not ask your travel agent for one
or mail the coupon.
Come see what you've
been missing.
based on
double occupancy.
Air Canada
P.O. Box 598, Montreal 101, P.Q.
Please send me your brochure.
_Prov. I'm beginning now to fear that the last card in the pack
has been played and that is direct rule. And as the weeks
go by and the shooting goes on, I'm getting more and
more fearful that this last initiative is not going to work
and what comes after that I just do not know.
Lord Terence O'Neill
and foot sore and nobody would have
known anything about them at all.
But things don't happen like that in
Ireland. They were opposed at every
village they went through and before
long the headlines in the London
Times and the Sunday Times and
Financial Times and every other
Times was about the People's Democracy. Nobody had ever heard of
them before in London but they were
heard of then and Miss Devlin jumped into fame and fortune and she
never took her degree at Queen's
University because she ended up in
a flat in London with a sports car.
This, of course, materially affected
the situation and towards the end of
January I decided I'd had enough.
As prime minister for the past six
years, Lord O'Neill's policy had been
one of endeavoring to improve relations between the Catholics and the
Protestants. He said the violence in
the streets indicated his policy had
failed and he decided to resign. But
the then Conservative opposition
leader, Mr. Edward Heath, the Home
Secretary, Mr. James Callaghan and
the Prime Minister, Mr. Harold Wilson, all urged him to stay on and he
By this time the back-bench situation in my party was becoming extremely difficult. Twelve of this ruling party of 36 broke off and demanded a new leadership and yet
London wouldn't let me resign. So
the only thing I could do was to hold
an election and I held an election in
February, 1969. It very nearly came
The most staggering things happened during that election. One day
I was told that there was a very moderate candidate standing for a brand
new constituency on the outskirts of
Belfast and that on paper—and I'm
afraid in Northern Ireland people
tend to vote by religion—there was
only a Protestant majority of 200 and
unless I came up and helped, this
man would be out. I must come up
and get him the Catholic vote. So I
went up to Belfast and when I got to
his headquarters I said, "What are
we going to do?" And he said, "Oh,
I want to take you to this huge new
Catholic estate called Anderson's
Town." This is now the headquarters
of the IRA. And when we got there
I was told that I better say a few
words to the crowd. Well, in fact,
I could only get out of the car with
the greatest difficulty and I was
mobbed. I was literally mobbed by
all the people there and eventually I
got back into the car half an hour
later missing some of my clothes.
Now that man got in not on the Protestant majority of 200, but with a
majority of 6,000. So 6,000 Catholics had voted for him and this is now
the headquarters of the IRA and nobody, no British minister, let alone
a Conservative northern politician,
would dare to go into that place today. They'd be shot at once. That is
the measure of the change that has
taken place.
Well, as I say, that election failed.
It nearly came off. There were 12
extremists in the northern Irish
Parliament, I knocked three out but
nine got back. After it was over at the
end of February I knew my number
was up. But again, of course, there
was the pressure to stay on. In April
there were several enormous explosions. The water supply to Belfast
was cut off. They very nearly managed to cut off the electricity supply
to Belfast as well but luckily the
bomb was put in the wrong part of
the electricity station. Everybody assumed except me that it was done by
the IRA. I felt perfectly certain that
it had been done by the extreme Protestants who obviously wanted to get
rid of me. And it wasn't until the
findings of something called the Scar-
man Tribunal two months ago that
it came out finally and conclusively
that I was blown out of office by the
Protestants. Right. I resigned the
leadership on the 28th of April and I
resigned the premiership on the 1st
of May, 1969.
Immediately telegrams flowed in
from North America with requests
for television appearances. Lord
O'Neill said he came out and appeared on CBC-TV's "Front Page
Challenge", and the "Today" show
in New York. He then went down
to Washington and briefed the U.S.
State Department on the crisis.
And when I got home I found the
papers were full of letters which
read approximately as follows: "We always knew there would be peace
once O'Neill went." There was peace
for three and a half months for two
reasons. Firstly, the Protestants were
thrilled to get rid of me and secondly,
the Catholics were delighted because
the last thing I was able to get
through the party before I was kicked, or rather blown, out was, one
man, one vote in municipal elections
which was materially going to assist
the Catholic population.
In August 1969 the whole place
went up in smoke; 500 houses were
burned down in Belfast; 10 people
were shot in the streets. In both cases
the majority of the houses and, I
think, all the people were Catholics.
The British army marched in at midnight and stopped the civil war and
ever since then, ever since August
1969, I have really never been able
to see any solution to this problem.
Added to which I thought it was a
farce that you should have all these
British troops in Northern Ireland
responsible to the minister of defence
in London, the British general under
the command of London and then
pretend that the provincial government was running the province of
Northern Ireland. It wasn't. It was
semi-direct rule to anybody who
knew anything about how government works.
Myself, I believe that had London
had the courage to take over then
a lot of what has happened since
would not have happened. They
finally took over six or seven weeks
ago. What is the position today?
Even though the takeover was so
late I was hoping, and everybody else
who had any sort of moderate opinions was hoping, that in some way or
other this would detach the IRA
from the Catholic population. Now
even though it was so late it very
nearly did, but it didn't. A lot of
people were very brave. The cardinal
spoke out twice and condemned the
IRA. The Catholic priests working
in these riot-torn areas condemned
the IRA. All the Catholic MPs in
the now abolished provincial parliament condemned the IRA. For about
a fortnight the IRA were chucked off
balance. The housewives in these estates which have been wrecked spoke
out against the IRA. That beautiful
estate of Anderson's Town where I
was mobbed three years ago has no
street lights, all the windows are
broken and the place is littered with
broken bottles. And the mothers of
these children are so worried that
their children are going to grow up as
hooligans that they marched for
peace. In fact, an anti-IRA march.
But the IRA paid no attention whatsoever. They just went on shooting
and bombing and shooting and
Now, I'm sure you'll want to know
why. I think if you asked the government in London why, they either
couldn't or they wouldn't tell you.
But I think I can tell you. And again,
it's only my personal opinion.
In 1920, when Mr. Churchill was
a member of Mr. Lloyd George's
coalition government in London he
made a tremendous speech in very
similar circumstances to those which
are operating in the north of Ireland
today, except that they were in operation in the whole of Ireland. He said
something like this and I speak from
memory and I paraphrase, "We will
not parley with this gang of
murderers". A year and a half later
the IRA were having lunch at
Number 10 Downing Street.
The IRA have read their history
books. They know what happened
in 1921-22 and they are determined
that if there is going to be a conference table any time during the next
five years they will be at that table
and not the Catholic MPs and that is
why, in my humble opinion, you are
going to go on reading about murder
and arson and bombing.
Now, could I deal with two or
three questions which I'm always
asked everywhere I go. The first one
is this: Why don't you pull the British troops out? I'll tell you why. It
was the British troops that stopped
the outbreak of the civil war in August 1969 and if you pull the troops
out today there would be a civil war.
I think the Protestants would win to
start with, and I think they would
because they're a tough, efficient
people. These were the Scotch-Irish
who came out to America and were
the men of the new frontier. They
were the people of whom it was said
at that time that they kept the Sabbath and everything else they could
get their hands on. So when Senator
Teddy Kennedy says, "pull the British troops out," the first people to
suffer would be his Catholic confreres
in Ireland. There would be a pogrom. It's as simple as that.
The second question is this: Why
cannot the United Nations be brought
in to solve this problem? Well, this
is a UK responsibility. Supposing you
had the most appalling trouble going
on in Prince Edward Island or Newfoundland. It would be the responsibility of Ottawa to settle this problem. You couldn't call in UN troops
to deal with it and in just the same
way it is the responsibility of the UK
government to try and deal with this
intractable problem.
And the last question I'm always
asked is: Is there any solution? Now
if I were in office I am sure I would
try and say there was a solution. But
I'm not in office and I'm free to say
whatever I like and whatever I think.
And I'm beginning now to fear that
the last card in the pack has been
played and that is direct rule. And as
the days go by and the weeks go by
and the trouble goes on and the
shooting goes on, I'm getting more
and more fearful that this last initiative is not going to work and what
comes after that I just do not know.
It really almost makes one cry. I
used to come to North America
twice a year, both when I was minister of finance and when I was in the
top job and we got over 30 American
industries established in Northern
Ireland. I always used to ask for
Canadian ones but we never got any.
Dupont made their first European
investment in Northern Ireland and
after that they poured in. Our tourist
trade was building up. We were going places. But now the tourist trade
has been hit for six, the new industries aren't going to come in any more.
Indeed, if it weren't for the enormous
dollar investment I'm sure some of
them would want to pull out. It's
tragic. It's absolutely tragic, but extremism knows no sense and that is
what we have always suffered from
in Ireland and that is what we are
suffering from in Northern Ireland
So ladies and gentlemen, although
I've given you such a sad message
I believe by my own lights I've given
you a true estimate of the situation as
I see it today. I think it would be
wrong for me to say that the British
initiative has failed because it hasn't
had long enough. I have great faith
in Mr. Willy Whitelaw who has been
a friend of mine for many years now
who is the new minister in charge of
Northern Ireland affairs. But at the
same time I am getting increasingly
worried as week follows week and
peace does not break out. Because
without peace there is no solution. □ Out Of
A flew
Hoi y Of
Doris Hopper reviews the
career of Dr. Charles
Borden, UBC professor
emeritus of archaeology.
10 Right after the Stone Age, the Indians had only one name and language, and one tribe covered the
whole continent. . . .
They died off the face of the earth
from a sickness that was a punishment from the Creator. It was worse
than the white man's smallpox. You
will find the bones piled together
where they died.
After the sickness, came a winter
that lasted seven years, with nothing
to eat. It seems that the Creator made
people that got too smart—He wanted to be master of the world.
Then came a great flood from the
north that buried the ones that had
died. . . . Only those with big canoes
and strong cedar rope could save
themselves. This rope that they used
was so strong that you can still find
some of it where it was left, on the
sides of Mount Garibaldi and Mount
After the flood everyone started
speaking different languages—like it
is now. Very few people know the
old language now. Today it is used
only by Indian witch doctors and
medicine men—and the language
works, because it was the first language and the language of God.
This Indian legend was recited by
Chief Joe Mathias and reported by
the Vancouver Sun more than 15
years ago. Like the more famous
Greek myths recounted by Homer,
how much of its account of prehistoric man in British Columbia is
based on fact and how much has been
blurred by the mists of time is difficult to determine.
Although he cannot quite speak
the language of God, Dr. Charles
Borden, UBC professor emeritus of
archaeology and one of the first men
to conduct archaeological research in
the province of British Columbia, has
been able to use the tools of science
to part the curtains of time and look
at life as it was lived in the Pacific
northwest some 10,000 years before
As a result of a lifetime dedicated
to archaeological exploration of
B.C., Dr. Borden has shattered misconceptions about the way man migrated into the North American continent and replaced them with new
insights. His work has earned him
professional recognition as "the
founding father of modern archaeology in British Columbia".
For the past eight years he has
personally engaged in or supervised
archaeological digs in three separate
locations near the town of Yale,
which have yielded a record of the
longest continuous sequence of human occupation yet uncovered in the
western hemisphere stretching back
at least 9,000 and perhaps 12,000
This major archaeological discovery, coupled with other important
digs conducted by Dr. Borden and
his colleagues—the Marpole dig, the
Locarno Beach dig, and the Whalen
farm and Tweedsmuir Park projects
—have helped to establish B.C. as
one of the most important areas in
which to conduct research into man's
early history on this continent. As
a result, researchers have virtually
invaded the province. Last year 50
permits were granted to scholars to
conduct archaeological field research
in B.C., compared with only two requests for permits a decade ago.
A priceless by-product of years of
dedication to "dirt archaeology" has
been the accumulation of approximately  90,000  artifacts,   the  most
11 Milliken site findings completely
upset conceptions of timespan of
human occupation of B.C. Dr.
Charles Borden (centre, bending)
is shown here inspecting progress
of the dig.
comprehensive and valuable collection of Pacific Northwest artifacts in
existence. A miniscule fraction of the
unique collection is displayed in the
cramped archaeology laboratory, located in the basement of the mathematics building. The remainder is
stored in the UBC power house. To
Dr. Borden's immense delight, the
collection will have a more suitable
home upon completion of UBC's new
Museum of Man to be built in the
near future with $2.5 million provided by the federal government as a
B.C. Centennial grant.
Dr. Borden's impressive contribu
dons to archaeology have not been
confined to British Columbia. In
1952 he devised an archaeological
site designation scheme which was
later adopted by the federal government for use throughout Canada.
The ingenious scheme has proven so
effective that it is also being put to
use in Africa.
Dr. Borden's intense involvement
with archaeological exploration has
made him concerned to prevent valuable archaeological sites being buried under new layers of progress before they have been adequately
In the early 1950's Dr. Borden,
together with a colleague, Prof. Wilson Duff, began a decade-long campaign which bore fruit in 1960 when
the B.C. government passed the
Archaeological and Historic Sites
Protection Act—the most enlighten
ed legislation of its kind in Canada
at that time. Not content with this
Dr. Borden, as chairman of the
Archaeological Sites Advisory Board,
is currently consulting with the provincial government about proposed
revisions to the legislation that will
"put more teeth in it".
When Charles Borden sifted his
first screen of dirt on his first dig in
B.C. in 1945, he was the only man
engaged in archaeological research in
Canada west of Ontario. Since then,
as a teacher and as director of numerous field projects, he has introduced several generations of students
to the theory and methods of archaeological research. Beyond a doubt
he earned the honour granted him
in 1967 when he was presented with
a Centennial Medal "for service to
the nation".
All of which is not bad going—
for a man who was originally a professor of German.
Dr. Borden was born in New York
city. Following the death of his
father, a physician, he and his
mother, who was German-born, went
to visit relatives in Germany. Dr.
Borden says he was "stranded as an
American citizen in Germany during
the First World War."
During school years in Germany a
teacher sparked his interest in archaeology-—an interest he never lost.
Although Dr. Borden interspersed
his university studies with courses in
anthropology and related fields, his
formal academic credentials are in
German, and it was as professor of
German that he first joined UBC's
faculty in 1939.
Once arrived in British Columbia,
however, the wealth of archaeological material in tne immediate area
was too tempting to be ignored. One
of the first archaeological "middens"
explored by Dr. Borden was located
right on the Point Grey campus on
Northwest Marine Drive.
Dr. Borden acknowledges that in
part his archaeological expertise has
been learned "on the job". "I entered
the field in part through the back
door," he says.
The entry was completed in 1947
when Professor Harry Hawthorne
joined the faculty as UBC's first professor of anthropology and asked
Dr. Borden if he would like to present a course in archaeology. Dr.
Borden accepted with pleasure.
For a man who entered the field
through the back door, Dr. Borden has had some extraordinary successes. The sites he explored in the
Yale area have been described by
authorities as among "the most important sites in the Americas".
Revelation of the first of the three
sites was an act of nature. It was exposed following a rock slide on the
main line of the Canadian National
The first man who recognized the
site's possible significance was August Milliken—a local prospector
and collector of Indian artifacts—
who wrote to Dr. Borden inviting
him to visit the area. The site has
since been named the Milliken site,
giving Mr. Milliken a kind of archaeological immortality.
On this site in prehistoric times
some Indians sat by a campfire, ate
choke-cherries, and threw the pits into the fire. The pits "charred", were
preserved, and so provided material
that could be dated using the carbon
14 radioactivity dating method. Results of the dating pushed the history
of the area back 9,000 years and
made the site the oldest yet discovered north of the 49th parallel.
The discovery completely upset the
then current conceptions of the time-
span of human occupation in B.C.,
which placed it much shorter than
9,000 years.
It is Dr. Borden's belief that artifacts yielded during excavation work
on old river terraces at the South
Yale site, located directly opposite
the town of Yale, will push back the
history of British Columbia still
further, perhaps to as early as 11,000
to 12,000 years ago.
Material from one of the terraces
has been submitted for dating and
Dr. Borden expects the results back
some time this year. If he is right in
his belief that the material will prove
to be 11,000 to 12,000 years old, it
will help provide evidence for a completely new theory he has developed
about early migrations of man into
this continent.
Dr. Borden hypothesizes that
there were several separate migrations of man across the Bering land
bridge from Asia into North America. He believes the first migration
occurred earlier than 25,000 years
ago and that these people, after
spreading into British Columbia,
were forced to move southward in
front of the advancing continental
ice sheet. Although no archaeological evidence has yet been discovered
in B.C. to support this theory, Dr.
Borden believes that the existence of
very early sites in the time range of
from 13,500 to 20,000 years ago,
located in the southern United States,
Mexico and South America lend
credence to his interpretation of prehistoric events. After the ice cap retreated, Dr. Borden believes that
some of these people then migrated
back toward the north. He believes
that the oldest levels of materials
yielded at the Milliken site were deposited by descendants of this continent's earliest inhabitants as they
made their way back northward.
Dr. Borden also believes there is
a possibility that during the first wave
of migration groups of people with
two differing cultural traditions, originating from two widely geographically separate areas of Asia, made
their way through British Columbia,
and survived in total isolation from
each other. Dr. Borden has formed
this conclusion because of the large
concentration of pebble tools discovered at the South Yale site.
Pebble-tools—primitive tools made
of river pebbles and cobbles—are
one of the oldest-known traditions of
man, dating back millions of years.
Their use by prehistoric man can be
used to trace population movements
of 600,000—700,000 years ago
from Africa to south east Asia.
Dr. Borden says that his interpretation of the significance of the high
concentration of the pebble tools at
Yale is "a very moot thesis" and that
some archaeologists believe the reason they were found in such quantity
is that specialized activities were being carried on with these tools at
Yale. He continues to believe, however, that because the tools were
found in such concentrations and
without any evidence of admixture of
later, more sophisticated cultural
components, that "there is a possibility that they may represent a
vestige of a different culture of Asia
—not from interior Asia where other
migrants into North America are
thought to have originated—but
from the maritime province near the
Sea of Okhotsk."
Dr. Borden believes that the most
recent levels at the Milliken site were
deposited during a later wave of migration which entered North America about 15,000 years ago and
subsequently passed into and through
British Columbia.
Exciting as the results of the Yale
digs have been, it is by no means the
first time Dr. Borden has made an
archaeological discovery that, when
interpreted, has radically altered previous conceptions of the course of
events in prehistoric times. In 1949
while directing research at a dig co-
sponsored by UBC and the University of Washington at the Whalen
farm site, Dr. Borden personally discovered the first microblade ever
found in the Pacific Northwest. "I
was manning a screen at the Whalen
site when the first microblade was
found," he recalled. "It is a very
thrilling experience, particularly if
you are familiar with the possible
implications of such a discovery." It
was an appropriate privilege for a
man who discovered his first micro-
blade as a boy of 15 in the vicinity of
Hamburg, Germany.
Microblades are parallel-sided
slivers of flint, obsidian, or similar
materials with razor-sharp edges that
are easily fitted into many tools. They
are important archaeological
"tracers" that permit experts to learn
much about man's movements and
his adaptations to changing environments during the retreat of the continental ice sheet.
A few years later in 1952 during
salvage digs directed by Dr. Borden
in Tweedsmuir Park the first micro-
blade discovered in B.C.'s interior
was excavated. Meanwhile, other researchers were turning up micro-
blades at other sites in Alaska and
they have since been found at a multitude of locations from Alaska
through the Yukon, and B.C., to
Washington. The time gradient and
pattern of distribution of the micro-
blades helped to define the migratory
route used by early peoples as they
moved through western Canada. Previously it had been thought that the
migratory route passed through what
is now Alberta, but Dr. Borden now
believes the routes are the ones
marked by the microblades through
the interior and along the coast of
Despite his high success as an
archaeological discoverer, however,
Dr. Borden is saddened by the number of important archaeological sites
that have been lost in the past and
fears that still more will be lost in the
future. A distressing number of his
most significant discoveries have
been made one step ahead of the
Even more distressing is the fact
13 Dr. Borden (above) explains to a
student the simple utility of the
early native people's pebble tools
which (below) customarily fit
neatly in the palm of the hand.
that, in some cases, the bulldozers
were too fast.
The Marpole site—described by
Dr. Borden as one of the most important sites in B.C.—now lies under
the beer parlour and parking lot of
the Fraser Arms Hotel.
The investigation of some half
dozen sites in the Tweedsmuir Park
area was literally a last-ditch dig before the whole area was flooded
under hundreds of feet of water
following construction of the Ne-
chako Dam.
When word of the planned dam
construction reached Dr. Borden, he
and a colleague undertook to survey
the Tweedsmuir Park area for possible sites. Working at some risk to
personal safety and with minimal
equipment, they managed to pinpoint
130 sites. "We had a very small boat
and a very small motor. Anybody
who knows that rough country would
know that this was quite inadequate,
but with the money that was available, we were not able to engage any
of the guides who were then charging $35 a day. That was out of our
range, so we had to do the exploration ourselves, and we did," he said.
Although the Archaeological and
Historic Sites Protection Act, passed
in 1960, lent a large measure of protection to B.C.'s past, events during
the decade since its passage have demonstrated that in its present form,
and as it is presently being administered, the Act leaves room for
improvement. As recently as last
summer, for example, Dr. Borden
and his colleagues again were forced
to conduct a last-minute salvage dig
at Katz Indian Reserve. Valuable
archaeological materials were about
to be overlaid by a new highway from
Agassiz linking up with the Fraser
Canyon Highway north of Hope.
The provincial highways department cooperated by delaying construction as long as possible. One of
the biggest dividends of this dig was
the preservation of an extremely rare
petroglyph—a rock carving—which
was removed intact and is now in
storage in the provincial museum in
Victoria. When the construction is
completed the rock carving will be
installed by the roadside as an historic site.
The biggest difficulties not resolved by the existing legislation protecting archaeological and historic
sites are a lack of funds to finance surveys and excavation work and lack of
sufficient lead time to permit adequate salvage work. The Act has also
been criticised because it is not binding on government departments or
crown corporations. Also, although
the Act stipulates penalties for contravening any of its provisions, no
charges have ever been laid, although
serious offences are frequent.
Because of the loopholes in the
legislation, Dr. Borden has appealed
for amendments to the Act that
would incorporate the following
• that the costs of preliminary
archaeological surveys in all
areas where economic development and construction is to
take place, as well as the cost
of subsequent salvage operations should they prove necessary, be borne by the developers—public or private—as
part of the overall cost of
development and construction
• that improved communications take place among public
and private developers and the
recently-appointed provincial
archaeologist, Bjorn Simon-
sen, so as to allow sufficient
time to conduct archaelogical
surveys and when necessary
salvage programs in advance
of planned developments;
• that the obligations under the
Act be made specifically binding on government departments and crown corporations;
• that provision be made for
suffer penalties for offences
and that the penalties be
While waiting for these legislative
improvements, Dr. Borden, who
works either at his home or in the
same 15 by 10-foot office in the basement of the mathematics building
that he has occupied since 1949, is
continuing work on what may prove
to be his most valuable contribution
of all. He is working on two books:
The Archaeology of British Columbia—the first attempt to bring together all that is currently known
about archaeology and prehistory of
British Columbia and a more detailed
account of the Archaeology and Prehistory of the Lower Fraser Region.
Doris Hopper is a freelance writer
who was formerly with the UBC
Information Office.
14 whaft
at c-
cable ten
Cable Ten is amateur sports the big stations don't cover.
Like university football.
Cable Ten is hobby programs. Like, "How to Make Your Own Wine."
Cable Ten is what's happening at UBC.
Cable Ten is language lectures, and travelogues, and
consumer forums.
Cable Ten is a whole lot of things you haven't seen on any other
station, and a whole lot of things that we haven't even thought of yet.
But most of all Cable Ten is community and campus involvement,
a television station that works two ways. From us to you,
and from you to us.
Got something your department would like to air on the air?
Just give us a call.
Cable Ten is the community service station of the Vancouver
Cablevision system, a wholly owned subsidiary of Premier Cablevision Limited
For more information call 327-9496. Ask for Vic Waters.
15 • tit
B.C. Novel Stalls,
Then Chugs
To Life
The Twelfth Mile
by E. G. Perrault
Toronto, $6.50
book takes a long time to warm up. It
rumbles and stalls for well near 50
pages, enough to exasperate the most
patient reader. But just when you feel
like throwing up your hands and replacing the book on the shelf it chugs
to life as a suspenseful adventure
The 12th mile is the offshore
boundary between Canadian and international waters. The action—and
what action!— takes place off the
coast of Vancouver Island, and
names like Barkley Sound, Ucluelet,
Amphitrite Point, dot the story like
familiar landmarks.
The cast: three vessels and their
crews, hero, villain, and foil. Just inside the 12-mile limit—with official
sanction, of course—an American oil
drill rig waits to be towed into port by
a Canadian tugboat. Just outside the
12-mile limit, a Soviet intelligence
ship hovers.
The complications: a severe hurricane moving north, while a tidal
wave generated by a Bering Sea
earthquake moves south. Naturally
the two forces clash just where the
three vessels happen to be and just
when the spy ship is moving in on the
drill rig with dishonorable intentions.
Vancouver author E. G. Perrault
has been accused of posing some
wildly improbable premises. But he
gets away with it. Dangerous storms
off the coast are more common than
the public is aware of; 100 years ago
a tidal wave from the Bering Sea
reached 120 feet off the coast of
Japan, and according to the author,
Japanese seismologists expect another major wave in the near future.
Accuracy quibbles aside, The
Twelfth Mile is an adventure story
with no pretensions to anything deeper. Although Perrault knows how to
strain the reader's credulity, he also
knows the point at which it will snap
like a highly-tensioned towline. A
good tugboat captain he is.
That brings us to the people-rating
of the book. While I can accept improbable situations with equanimity,
I balk at improbable characters.
Even in adventure stories. And for
two-thirds of the book, Captain
Westholme of the good tug "Haida
Noble" is a one-dimensional John
Wayne-at-sea, his shorebound, dissatisfied wife is flat as a board, and
his crew remains undistinguished except by name.
Towards the end, however, Perrault rises to the occasion. By the
time his Canadian skipper is hurled
into the unwilling role of diplomat,
he has become an interesting figure.
Held hostage on the Soviet ship, he is
bewildered but shrewd, a man of integrity who wants to trust his captors
on a one-to-one basis. By contrast,
the American drill rig survivor is
whiny, irritable and irritating.
The most successful character is
the Russian captain. The villain of
the tale, he is intriguingly human for
all his ruthlessness. The only losers
are the Americans. It is easy to guess
who are Perrault's least favorite people, since the crew of each vessel can
be neatly classed as follows: the Canadians—calm and sensible; the
Russians — interesting, admirably
disciplined; the Americans—a pretty
useless, up-tight lot. Subtlety is not
Perrault's strong point.
Nor is simplicity of prose. But one
is tempted to overlook both self-
conscious dialogue and occasional
flights of purple prose; after all, isn't
florid hyperbole accepted, almost expected, in a good adventure story?
(". . . the monster straddled an infinity of whitecaps dappling the early
morning darkness". That's the drill
rig, folks.)
But there are some stunningly effective passages that make up for it.
The description of the destruction of
Port Alberni by the tidal wave is
chilling, to put it mildly.
It takes a cynical heart not to be
excited by the three-way confrontations here, between catastrophic forces of nature, between those forces
and puny man, and between shrewd
man and shrewd man. All reservations apart, The Twelfth Mile is an
enjoyable and suspenseful way to
spend an evening.
Vancouver author E. G. Perrault
graduated from UBC in 1948 with a
bachelor of arts. Viveca Ohm, BA'
69, regularly contributes reviews and
articles to the Vancouver Sun.
Canadian Identity
Search Continues
Canada and the Canadians
by George Woodcock
Oxford University Press,
Toronto, $8.50
Canadian identity has been a favourite pursuit of our intellectuals for a
long time. It is something of a disappointment that so much of the
writing resulting from these reflections has failed to come to grips with
the meaning of Canada and has instead created and perpetuated what can only be described as a mystique.
Fifteen years ago, Bruce Hutchison
discerned a centripetal force at work
in the land. Upon this perception he
could only elaborate thus: "What is
this force? As usual, the Canadian
cannot define it or his place in it."
Ten years later, Careless and Brown
sought "an appreciation of the Canadian entity through the recognition of
its diversity." Hugh MacLennan is of
a like mind, arguing that "the only
'unity' worth having is one which will
permit the greatest possible variety of
individual and collective differences." These vague and contradictory
gropings exemplify the confusion
which has characterized attempts to
identify the Canadian essence.
Now George Woodcock has directed his attention to Canada's past,
present and future. According to
Greek mythology, the sea-god Proteus had the ability to change his
shape at will. Woodcock is one of the
most prolific authors of our time, and
what is particularly remarkable about
his vast output is its protean variety.
Among his writings are books on Orwell and Henry Walter Bates, on the
Greeks in India and the British in the
Far East. He is a poet, dramatist and
librettist. That he has chosen to expound upon Canada and the Canadians is to be applauded, for he is
always superbly literate, informative
and, what is most important, stimulating.
Canada and the Canadians deals
with topics which one would expect
to find in a survey of a land and its
people. The first of its two sections
describes the geographic and historical base upon which our present society rests. The second discusses the
economy, urbanization, politics, culture, the North and external relations. This bald enumeration might
give the impression that the book is
nothing more than the kind of tedious
treatise that has bored generations of
history undergraduates. It is on the
contrary, vital, opinionated and, in
the author's words, a "personal testament." And because it is the product
of a personality whose life has been
devoted to the unabashed and incisive
expression of opinion there is much
with which to quarrel.
Perhaps it is unreasonable to expect total soundness from one as
versatile as Woodcock. There are
many instances in the present work
where moderation and qualification
would have been desirable. To refer
17 to C. D. Howe as an "evil genius" is
an extreme application of both those
words. This summation of British
Columbia politics is a gross oversimplification: "British Columbia
now has the finest road system in
Canada, and Social Credit has enjoyed seventeen years of virtually
unchallenged power." The statement
that "the Canadian National Railway is not a government department
subject to treasury control or operated by the civil service" is not completely accurate. Then there is this
strange, gratuitous, insupportable
remark: "Among Canadians, as
among Americans, the pioneer virtues of initiative and endurance have
long been abandoned; they are to be
found now, as no doubt they always
were, among the immigrants."
Although these peccadilloes are
annoying, what is most unfortunate is
that the author has chosen to become
involved with the fiction that there is
such a thing as a Canadian "collective mind". We are told that "Canadians do not like heroes, and so they
do not have them." Some Canadians
may not, but a great many do. One
need only draw attention to the regard given the stars of hockey and
other sports to refute this contention.
Except for a mawkish reference
to Nancy Greene's wholesomeness,
Woodcock makes no mention whatever of the contribution of athletics to
Canadian life. It is good to know that
opera is flourishing, but how many
Canadians have ever seen an opera?
Or would care to? Following a recent
Viewpoint telecast over the CBC, a
correspondent suggested, perhaps
facetiously, that Canadians could
tolerate foreign control of the economy, but defeat in a proposed hockey
series with Russia would wreak havoc
with the national psyche. Whether
there is any truth in this hyperbole
can be debated, but the point is that
there is a major facet of the Canadian
mosaic that has not even been recognized in this book. Perhaps the ivory
towers of academe are not the best
laboratories for the creation of "a
personification of Canadian Everyman."
To generalize about any nation
and reduce its citizens to a common
denominator is hazardous. To do so
about   Canada   is   particularly   ill-
advised. There is no ethnic core to
the political entity that has emerged,
and history has not produced in sufficient number or of sufficient power
the type of event which would push
firmly into the background the divisive influence of race, geography and
social class. Canada is a coalition, not
a fusion, of cultures, an association
which hangs pragmatically together
for bread and butter reasons. We are
by no means unique in this respect,
but our thinkers seem disinclined to
appreciate the contractual essence of
the relationship between the nation's
various components and would have
us believe that there is potential for
some of the instinctive aspects of
familial and tribal relationships.
Only time will tell. In the meantime, and in spite of the tone of this
review, it is good to have this book. It
attempts too much and is undisciplined in places, but this may be preferable to the alternative. And it does
tell us a great deal about the land in
which we live in a manner guaranteed
to make an impression. □
Mr. N. E. Omelusik, BA'64, BLS'66, is
head of acquisitions at the UBC library.
Smart quyr protect them/elves
before they /tart      © canada urJ
18 W7HAT    IS   AN    UNEMPLOYED   but
" idealistic academic to do? Last
year it was a brief to the House of
Commons on constitutional reform.
In November it was a proposal for a
general studies program at UBC. In
December it was a federal Local Initiatives Program application for setting up teaching groups all over Vancouver. And in between there were
the usual letters to the Prime Minister, the CBC, the Attorney-General,
the UBC Senate, and the Alma Mater
Society. To name just a few.
Karl Burau, the source of these
activities, is a man of many projects,
a never-give-up man who is eternally
disappointed. His biggest disappointment, he'll tell you at every opportunity, is students, whose lack of
"capacity for enthusiasm" he deplores. "I came to Canada believing
the young people would be hardy and
full of vitality . . . but they're senile
at 20."
At 61, living frugally on $70 a
month, Karl figures he is in better
shape intellectually than most students, and sees no reason why he
shouldn't keep improving if he lived
to be 120. That, he says, is man's
natural life expectancy of which a
degenerate and unsound society has
robbed him.
You'll see him around campus, a
burly figure toting a battered briefcase stuffed with—what else?—
briefs. He may be off to see the President or to sit in on a class, to engage
speakers for his Experimental College, to heckle student candidates, or
to deliver his latest brainstorm to
The Ubyssey staff and berate them
for not printing the last one.
After 10 years spent on the UBC
campus, he is still neither faculty,
staff, nor student. He is a self-styled
reformer-at-Iarge. And to Karl
Burau, there is very little that doesn't
need reforming.
Since 1968 he has been adding to
his continuing brief on university reform. What does he want? The trimester system, a physical fitness program for all, students being able to
challenge professors to public debate,
and a general studies program in
which each student would take 20
per cent of his courses outside his
field of specialization.
In another brief to Ottawa he
suggests that a special committee of
Parliament see to it that universities
become more relevant. Never one to
mince words, he declares that "students by and large enter university
terribly conceited, proud, narrow-
minded nationalists with no understanding of their obligations toward
their country. But their blindness
does not decrease at university, for
professors usually are chauvinists .. .
or preach nationalism in order to be
popular. Therefore most students
leave university intellectually and
morally more immature than they
entered it. Besides, very many become drug addicts."
The drug problem is Karl's favorite bugbear; for him it symbolizes the
deterioration of Canada. Still, he has
a solution ready for anyone who
asks—two years of practical work
before being admitted to university,
and compulsory physical fitness
training all around.
Not surprisingly, there has been
no administrative stampede to implement these changes. Undeterred,
Karl keeps on writing and fulminating against the "cliquish, incompetent lackeys" of the faculty and the
powers that rule.
His only concretely realized idea is
probably the Experimental College
he runs twice a week. Yet it is not at
all what Karl had originally planned.
Six years ago, in connection with a
Ford Foundation project to set up
experimental teaching groups within
university systems, he set out to
organize an open-forum series of
philosophy-political science courses
for which students would get some
credit and he would get paid.
It didn't work. Neither credit nor
money was available—nor were the
students, Karl claims, "when they
found out I expected them to do some
work." Now the Experimental College is a sort of intellectual discussion
club with a shifting population and a
range of interests from literature to
labour unions. Speakers are accepted, invited, or bamboozled into
holding forth on their particular
specialty; they may be faculty members, ministers, or off-campus leaders. Davey Fulton spoke ^nce. There
is a continuing series on the religions
of the world and a preoccupation
with history (for instance, How
Should It Be Taught?) but more
often than not the topics are along
the line of What's Wrong With ?
What's Wrong With Canada, the
legal system, the B.C. legislature, the
media, the student government or the
The Eternal
Viveca Ohm
19 A familiar figure on campus with
his bulging briefcase, Karl Burau
takes in the sun while he reads outside UBC's Student Union Building.
Karl is moderator, honorary president, secretary—in fact he IS the Experimental College. In one of the
seminar rooms tucked away behind
the SUB Cafeteria, he holds court
every Tuesday and Friday noon.
About a dozen students are scattered
round the long tables. Yellowed
clippings climb up a bulletin board
that could be titled the Major Misadventures of a Misunderstood Reformer. The blackboard announces
the topic of the day: Strikes—How
Good or How Bad for Canada?
Ruddy-faced, wearing three
sweaters and a logging shirt, Karl is
pacing anxiously because it is 12:30
and the speaker hasn't appeared yet.
"He said he would come, and I'm
sure he would let me know if something came up. ... I also invited the
press and the AMS candidates."
Meanwhile he hands out UBC
noon-schedules and copies of his
latest brief. Any newcomer is asked
whether he is familiar with Karl's
ideas on university reform; if not, he
leaves with a new sheaf of papers
under his arm. "I expected more
people today . . . but this mother of
Angela Davis showed up, you know,
at the last minute." Any other noon
event that takes a prospective audience away from his discussions Karl
is not too happy about, and he expresses genuine astonishment that
anyone would choose Angela Davis'
mother over the Experimental College. But the room is filling up, and
Karl speeds up his leaflet-distribution, all the while fretting about the
guest speaker.
"He probably had trouble finding
the room, most people do," one of
the regulars offers reassuringly. He is
a quixotic-looking red-bearded student who comes to most meetings,
but not to all precisely "because Karl
expects it." There is the risk of being
overwhelmed by Karl. After a few
meetings, one notices that it is the
one-time droppers-in rather than the
little band of regulars who contradict
The speaker arrives—sure enough,
it was almost impossible to find the
room—and Karl's relief is that of one
whose tattered faith in humanity has
been saved at the eleventh hour. The
introduction usually offers the visitor
two alternatives: would he like to
begin right away, or would he like to
hear Karl's opinions on strikes (or
the welfare system, the English Department, Christianity) so that he
can reply accordingly? A moment's
hesitation on the part of the speaker
means an option for the latter, and
for the next 20 minutes Karl will expound on the subject in question and
several others.
He sees himself as "Ein Hecht im
Karpfenteich"—a pike in a pond of
carp. He wants to show students
"that you must never be afraid, or
give in to wrong authority." For him,
the university must become "a substitute for suffering", because it is
only by suffering one learns.
Three times he has hitch-hiked
across Canada, the first time being
when he came to B.C. 17 years ago.
He had emigrated from Germany,
had taught school in Nova Scotia for
a while; now he was headed for UBC
to accept a teaching position in the
German Department. It never materialized.
What actually happened is veiled
in obscurity. Some faculty feel that
he never was offered a teaching post,
others that there was a misunderstanding. His record is vague, he had
published nothing, and his German
degree was possibly not specialized
enough. Karl's version is that he was
too qualified; he presented a challenge and a threat to the existing
order and as such, had to be turned
In any event he did get a job in the
B.C. public schools teaching grade seven, mat came to an abrupt end
after six months when he was fired
for alleged incompetence. "Incompetence," sneers Karl. "The real
reason was that I refused to give
passing grades to children of the local
big shots."
Apparently there was some injustice involved, because Karl wrote to
then Education Minister Les Peterson, who, he says, interceded on his
behalf. "The supervisor dropped
dead when he realized I had appealed
to Peterson", recalls Karl. "Literally—he had a heart attack."
His next teaching job was in Van-
derhoof. Same grade, same problem,
same result. Yet "incompetence"
doesn't spring to mind when Karl
shows the essays and letters he had
his students write. Whatever else he
did or did not do in his classroom, he
certainly taught his pupils to think
for themselves. On lined paper are
articulate discussions of Nemesis in
"Julius Caesar" and "Oedipus Rex"
—neither of which, apparently, were
on the reading list—as well as letters
to textbook editors pointing out errors in logic or inaccurate definitions.
After Vanderhoof, he returned to
UBC to study civil rights and also to
enlist support in bringing about legal
changes. The then Dean of Arts,
Kaspar Naegel encouraged him, but
as the years went on, he lost whatever foothold he may have had in the
It is hard to really know Karl
Burau, but the person who comes
closest is probably Dr. Robert Clark,
director of the office of academic
planning, who says of him simply,
"He is my friend, I think he is a very
honest man. If you had been rebuffed
in life as often as he has, you'd need
an extraordinary amount of faith."
But he denies the faculty are "such
subservient creatures as Karl makes
them out."
The first time they met, Karl came
to Dr. Clark's office to invite him to
an Experimental College lecture entitled, Why I'm Not a Christian.
Clark politely said no, he was a
Christian. "Two weeks later, Karl
came back and asked me to speak on
Why I Am a Christian."
Karl himself is an agnostic. But he
is also a student of philosophy and
religion, and he looks down on what
he calls the "hedonism" in Canada.
As a young boy, he joined the
Hitler-Juegend—like every young
boy in Germany. But it didn't take
him long to change his mind about
the political climate, and a few years
later he was arrested for anti-Hitler
activities. He spent several years in
and out of courts, prisons, concentration camps.
He studied history, philosophy,
and political science at the University
of Berlin in the early Thirties. But
what with the war and his political
activities, it was not until after the
war that he could return to take his
final teaching examination. This
marked Round I of his crusade
against university bureaucracy—and
Karl fires off anecdote after anecdote
about his victories:
Upon his asking the examiner
what he would be expected to know,
the venerable academic spread his
arms around a mammoth set of encyclopedias, and replied dead-ear-
nestly, "Everything between these
covers." "Impossible," said Karl and
marched off to the university authorities, who eventually decided that it
was impossible too.
In a class he was teaching, the
school inspector was present when
one of Karl's students was describing
Hegel's influence on Ibsen. "Wrong",
interrupted the official, "it was Nietz
sche." "Prove it", cried Karl to the
inspector's amazement, and after a
suitable number of hearings and
meetings, it was decided that even
authorities could not squelch students
unless they were prepared to prove
they were right.
Another institution had the mis-
guidedly democratic regulation that a
teacher must not sit down on the
cathedra, thereby towering above his
students. Karl, naturally sat down,
declaring that "the capacity of a teacher should depend on his intellectual
position and not the position of his
He never married; his only remaining family is a sister in Germany.
After Berlin was divided, he taught
in the West, while his mother remained in East Berlin until her death
a few years ago. "That is the one
thing I regret," Karl says in a sudden,
rare moment of emotion, "that I
couldn't succeed in Canada for her
How successful he has been depends on how one sees him. To Dr.
Malcolm McGregor, he is a "gadfly",
a useful dissenter who makes students; think. Karl, who often drops in
on Dr. McGregor's Classical Studies
The Asahi Pentax means more
than cameras and lenses.
There's the motor-drive system and a vast range of
accessories — from filters to bellows, gadget bags to
copy stands, lenses to lens shades. Asahi Pentax offers
a wide flexible system — whatever the job.
See your favourite camera dealer
■Asahi Pet
properly <
•„..i,cen,edi,..d,m,.,*w ryiMcQUEEN SALES COMPANY LTD.
„h, o,««dl Co ltd   !«,*«    \%_J Vancouver/Toronto/Montreal Karl presides over a regular session
of his noon-hour
Experimental College.
100 lectures, says, "At first he
wouldn't let me come into his class,
but now we are friends." According
to McGregor, he never attempted to
keep Karl out of his class, but only
asked him not to lecture in it.
Although Dr. McGregor, as is his
wont, defends both the university and
students as "better than Karl thinks,"
he feels that "there is nothing destructive about Karl, his approach is
constructive ... his problem is that
he spreads himself too thin."
Karl describes himself as a "non-
Marxist, humanist, common sense
socialist." He's for a guaranteed annual income, a new Bill of Rights,
and a constructive vote of non-confidence which would change Parliament "from a circus of rabble-rousing demagogues." When he spoke in
the House of Commons last year,
"the time was up" before he could
make his most important points. As
usual. And when he sent letters of
protest, his fine points of irony were
lost on the recipients. As usual.
"I support the NDP," he says" because it will never get a majority. As
soon as any government has a majority, it becomes corrupted."
As far as he is concerned, there
are four types of government—traditional, rational, charismatic, and terroristic. Most nations have a mixture,
of course, but only the rational is
worth having. Canada at least has
the British North America Act, but
unless we "throw out all the rotten
legal garbage" that impedes it, we
will never have a rational government. Traditional government is
what bogs down Britain; charismatic
can be Trudeaumania, and when it
blends with terroristic you get the
classical example of Hitler.
There was a time, Karl admits,
when he felt ashamed to be German
because of the Hitler excesses. But
after nearly two decades in Canada,
he is not so sure it couldn't happen
here. That is partly why he has never
taken out Canadian citizenship. "I
had planned to, but I felt I had been
rebuffed. I will not apply for citizenship until I have an accepted position."
Because being honest and admitting he had over $500 saved up rendered him ineligible for welfare, Karl
says he lives on an absolute minimum. Now it's up to $70 a month,
of which $29 goes to rent. Down on
East Fiftieth, he shares an older
house with a German couple and
their electrician son. The house
looks well-kept and freshly painted
green; Karl's room is behind the
second-story sunporch. In the morning he rises early for the long bus
ride to UBC, and returns in mid-
afternoon. Despite his great bulk, he
eats less and less, having become
diabetic in later years.
His evenings may be spent in his
room typing his endless briefs and
letters. Often they are spattered with
personal touches, reminiscences, reproaches. "As you know, I am no
Canadian hypocrite," or in a letter to
CBC, "You ought to make me your
special guest on (your program)".
The thrift of his life-style also invades his documents, as he fills every
inch of paper on both sides. When
his brief on constitutional reform
ended with room to spare, Karl
typically added a P.S. "In order not
to waste an empty page, a few remarks about Guaranteed Annual Income." (Complete with charts and
There are times when even Karl
gets tired. For a moment his voice
drops below its normal bass. "Sometimes I think I'm doing penance for
having come here with so many illusions." But only for a moment, as he
catches himself having revealed too
much. He gets up, stuffs the scattered
papers back in his briefcase, and
makes his way past the bridge-playing, muffin-eating SUB crowd who
don't know him. There are lectures
to arrange, appointments to keep. □ Don't send
a man to do
a phone's job.
There are times when you just don't
have the budget or the hours to send
your salesmen on a business trip. A
telephone call could close that deal,
communicate those complicated instructions or maybe just let your cus
tomer know that you're thinking about
How about it?
Long Distance could be an inexpensive right hand man.
A phone is what you make it.
23 alumni
Four Receive
At Annual Dinner
the former national archivist and National Librarian of Canada, Dr. W. Kaye
Lamb, was awarded the Alumni Award of
Distinction at the UBC Alumni Association's annual dinner meeting on May 18
in the Hotel Vancouver.
Dr. Lamb, BA'27, MA'30, LLD'48,
(PhD, London) was one of four prominent
Canadians who were honored at the meeting, attended by about 400 alumni. The
others were Dr. John F. McCreary,
coordinator of UBC's Health Sciences
Centre; Dean Geoffrey Andrew, former
executive director of the Association of
Universities and Colleges of Canada; and
Mr. Allan McGavin, LLD'72, UBC's retiring chancellor.
Mr. Frank Walden, the out-going president of the UBC Alumni Association,
made the presentations at the meeting,
which was highlighted by a thought-
provoking address on the crisis in Northern Ireland by Lord Terence O'Neill,
former Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (see story p. 5). Mrs. Frederick
Field was earlier elected president of the
alumni association for 1972-73.
Dr. Lamb was awarded the Alumni
Award of Distinction for his contribution
to Canadian librarianship, a contribution
highlighted by his formative work in establishing the National Library of Canada in
Ottawa. During his career, Dr. Lamb
served as B.C. Provincial Librarian and
Archivist, UBC Librarian and National
Archivist and National Librarian. He retired in 1968.
Dr. John F. McCreary was given an
Honorary Life Membership in the UBC
Alumni Association for his distinguished
contribution to health sciences education
in Canada. Dr. McCreary, who recently
stepped down as UBC Dean of Medicine
to devote full-time to his role as coordinator of UBC's Health Sciences Centre, was
instrumental in developing the team approach to health care education which is
being implemented in the new health
centre and other institutions in Canada
and elsewhere.
At spring Calgary alumni branch meeting, University of Calgary president Dr. A. W.
R. Carrothers (right), BA'47, LLB'48, welcomes guest speaker Herb Capozzi, BA'47,
BCom'48, Vancouver Centre Social Credit MLA.
Former National Archivist and 1972 Alumni Award of Distinction recipient Dr. W.
Kaye Lamb (centre), BA'27, MA'30, shows off Thunderbird plaque he received at
annual dinner to (left) Dr. John F. McCreary and (right) Dean Geoffrey Andrew,
who received alumni Honorary Life Memberships.
An honorary Life Membership in the
UBC Alumni Association was also conferred on Dean Geoffrey Andrew in
recognition for his service to higher education in Canada. During UBC's rapid
post-war growth period, Dean Andrew
served as Professor of English and Dean
and Deputy to President Norman MacKenzie. He joined AUCC in 1962 and
retired early this year.
For his service to UBC, Mr. Allan
McGavin, who recently stepped down as
chancellor, was given a special memento
of appreciation from the alumni association. Mr. McGavin served as co-chairman of the successful Three Universities
Capital Fund Drive. He was appointed to
the UBC Board of Governors in 1966 and
elected chancellor by acclamation in 1969,
serving a full three-year term. Alumni Branches
Hold Talks,
Social Events
everything from sex education to libraries to the role of alumni in university
development were discussed by speakers at
recent alumni branch meetings.
A successful alumni "Beer 'n Beef
night was held in Port Alberni on
May 30 at which Dr. George Szasz, UBC
director of interprofessional education and
assistant professor of health care and epidemiology, spoke on "The Sex Education
Dilemma." The following evening, May
31, he gave a similar talk in Nanaimo following an informal wine-tasting party.
On May 17, more than 50 persons attended a wine and cheese party at the
home of David and Maureen Woolliams
in Quesnel. A brief slide show of new
campus developments was shown and
AMS President Doug Aldridge gave the
alumni an insight into student affairs and
opinion on campus.
It was the turn of California alumni on
May 7. More than 50 alumni attended a
wine and cheese party sponsored by the
Charles Krug winery at the home of
Carole and Barry Patmore in San Francisco. There was some discussion about a
possible October function. Branch president   Norm   Gillies   in   San   Francisco
(474-7310) is the man to contact with any
On April 21, a very lively and successful
alumni dinner-dance was held in Calgary
at the Palliser Hotel. About 200 people
turned out, including University of Calgary President Andrew Carrothers and his
wife. UBC Alumni Association First Vice-
President George Morfitt gave a brief talk
about alumni association activities and
about the University. Another special
guest, Vancouver Centre Social Credit
MLA Herb Capozzi spoke about the University, its needs and the role of alumni in
the University's continuing developments.
New Tax Forces
Fund Changes
the new B.C. gift tax act has made
necessary some changes in the operation
of the UBC Alumni Fund. The Act was
passed on May 3 with its provisions coming into retroactive effect on January 1,
1972. The basic effect on gifts to the
University is this: all gifts designated to a
particular use within the university (e.g.,
library) are now taxable; but all undesignated gifts (i.e., to the University as a
whole)   to  UBC are  not taxable.
With the UBC Alumni Fund gift card
mailed early in May, all alumni received a
supplementary instruction briefly explaining the required changes in routine. Hap
pily, these instructions must have been
readily understandable as there appears to
be little confusion regarding the nature of
the Act and donations are coming in at an
encouraging rate.
With the University's needs greater than
ever this year, the alumni fund executive
committee has been concerned as to how
gifts to the University might be affected
by the new legislation. However, initial returns to date suggest that donors are satisfied that after due process all the money
donated will still be applied to those areas
of the University normally supported.
We outline for your guidance a consolidation of exemptions. UBC graduates
and friends of the University are concerned with section  (c).
Gifts made in any one year:
(a) Up to $10,000 to his (her) spouse.
(b) Up to $10,000 to individuals with
a maximum to any one individual
of  $2,000.
(c) Any amount of money to a registered charitable organization providing it uses the gift at its absolute discretion exclusively for its
charitable activities in British Columbia. The requirements of "absolute discretion" will be satisfied providing the charitable organization
initiates the purpose for which the
the gifts are required and such
purpose is of high priority to the
(d) Up to an aggregate of $2,000 to
Canadian registered charitable organizations that use the gift for
"Comment is free but facts are sacred."
Charles Scott was a newspaperman who loved the pursuit of truth above all
else. Writing in the Manchester Guardian on May 6, 1926, he said that a newspaper's primary office is "the gathering of news. At the peril of its soul it must
see that the supply is not tainted. Neither in what it gives, nor in what it does
not give, nor in the mode of its presentation, must the unclouded face of truth
suffer wrong. Comment is free but facts are sacred." It is a quest The Sun
continues to pursue with all its resources.
25 their charitable activities either inside   or   outside   the   province of
British Columbia.
In short, and to repeat what was mentioned earlier, a designated gift is taxable,
an undesignated gift to UBC is not taxable.
The UBC Board of Governors on April
20 developed an interim schedule of priorities for gift support authorized at the
discretion of the University and it applies
to both cash and gifts in kind. This schedule will be subject to review and revision in
light of the regulations issued with respect
to  the  Gift Tax Act and the  changing
needs and circumstances of the University.
The important point to note, however, is
that the list covers all those areas of the
University   supported   by   alumni   fund
donors in the past.
Aqua Soc
Welcomes Scuba
Diving Grads
it's got to the point where probably
the only sure way to get away from it all
and find some peace and quiet of a weekend is to take up scuba diving. For if
there's one thing the deep briny offers,
it's quiet—and you don't find a great mob
of people floundering around down there
If you want to take up scuba diving
now—for that or any other reason—you
car now do it through a university-based
organization, Aqua Soc. The membership
fee is $12 for UBC alumni, faculty, staff
and students.
This will enable you to participate in
weekly dives with people who love the
sport and know what they're doing.
Through Aqua Soc you'll also be able to
participate in inter-scuba club competitions, social nights, courses in underwater
photography and other specialized aspects
of the sport and you'll be entitled to reductions on purchases in dive shops. Equipment rental is also available to members:
tanks, $.50 per day; suits $1.50 per day;
air fill $.50; and a Nikonos II submersible
Perhaps most important of all, Aqua
Soc offers a diving course for $30 to
members of the club. The course is certified by the National Association of Underwater Instructors, an organization recognized throughout the world.
Alumni members should enroll before
June 30 and may do so by phoning John
Louwerens (evenings) at 733-4284.
Alumni Survey
Results Release
Set For Fall
it looks like there's going to be some
vigorous eyebrow raising done this fall
when the results of the UBC Alumni
Opinion Survey are released. The word
from Chuck Campbell, chairman of the
opinion survey committee, is that the results  reveal  some   very   interesting  atti
tudes on the part of UBC alumni.
Questionnaires were sent last year to
a random sample of 5,000 graduates seeking their views on the UBC Alumni Association, on UBC and higher education in
general. About 1,500 graduates returned
completed questionnaires and over the
past few months their replies have been
tabulated and analyzed.
A full report of the findings of the
survey will be carried in the fall issue of
the Chronicle. The survey results will be
reported to the association's board of
management for discussion and use in the
formation of policy.
In the meantime, interested alumni may
be interested in reading the results of another, separate study of UBC alumni
opinions. Dr. Peter Tsong, UBC assistant
professor of commerce, recently completed an analysis of the attitudes toward
UBC held by alumni who graduated between 1916 and 1969. His questionnaire
elicited 5,210 responses and discovered
such things as: in 1969, 19.3 per cent of
B.C. professional and managerial personnel had graduated from UBC, over 40 per
cent of alumni between 40 and 49 have
annual incomes of at least $16,800, and
68.41 per cent of alumni would study the
same field if they entered UBC again, but
29.46 per cent said they would not do so.
Tsong's study is available in book form,
at $4.95 a copy, at the UBC bookstore
and the UBC Alumni Association office at
Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine
Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C. (228-3313).
Highlights from Dr. Tsong's study will
also be run in the fall Chronicle.
passports, weather, what to see and do and WE SAVE YOU
•^ HAWAII — Cruise from Vancouver to Honolulu by
P & O, then spend 7 or 8 days at the deluxe Holiday Inr
on Waikiki Beach. Fly back to Vancouver by CP Air.
OCTOBER 25 and 29.
All inclusive, from $382.00 per person.
if MEXICO — Cruise from Vancouver to Acapulco by
P & O via San Francisco and Los Angeles. 4 or 5 days in
Acapulco, then tour Mexico, visiting Taxco and Mexico City.
Fly back to Vancouver by CP Air.
All inclusive, from $509.00 per person.
Book now ... for good value on your Fall and
Winter cruises to the Caribbean, Orient or 'Round
the World'.
... and be assured!
MONEY advising about special off season rates and special
airfares. We are representatives for all transportation companies, hotels, sightseeing, tour operators and government
tourist offices ALL OVER THE WORLD!
Special Departure September 7
THE   BEST  —   BUT   ECONOMICAL   .   .   .
YOUR NEXT STOP IS AFRICA! Africa — One Magic Word!
Now you can be there living this great adventure—quicker,
more comfortably, less expensively than you ever dreamed
East African Jet Trek will be high adventure—pure excitement from start to finish.
18 DAYS —ONLY $1398
Includes airfare (CP Air non stop to Amsterdam and return); excellent hotels and safari lodges; surface by
special safari cars; meals; complete sightseeing; all park
entrance and fees; transfers; luggage handling; all tipping;
guides and safari leader from arrival to departure Nairobi.
You may aslo stay on in Europe from 5 to 28 days longer on
the same airfare.
Space Limited! Deadline for Bookings June 30.
Call Today for Complete Details.
Individual Departures: Sept. 14, Sept. 21, Sept. 28,
Oct. 5, Oct. 72, Oct. 19, Oct. 26, Nov 2, Nov. 9,
Nov. 16, Nov. 23 and Nov. 30.
822 Howe     1885 West Broadway     1333 West Georgia
684-5185     736-6437 684-6434
Thurs. and Fri. to 9 p.m. and all day Sat.
26 letters •
Blame UBC for curbed
medical student intake
In respect of the article in the Chronicle's
Spring issue of 1972, entitled "The Great
British Columbia Doctor Snatch," a few
observations might do much to put the
matter in a somewhat different light.
Between 1950 and 1971, the number of
places for first-year medical students has remained constant at 60, and Mr. Bradbury,
the author, attributes this situation to a
failure on the part of the British Columbia
government to provide adequate funds.
Many of the inferences left by the article
are misleading in the extreme because the
article makes no mention of the strong
possibility that the failure to increase the
number of places for first-year medical students is the direct consequence of a conscious policy pursued by the faculty of
medicine. Now that many British Columbians are beginning to clamour in protest
against this policy, the faculty of medicine
indicates that plans are under way to increase the intake of students at first to 80 in
number, and later to 100. Apparently it
has not been the policy of the faculty to
give top priority to the training of undergraduates, as evidenced by the following
1. Between 1954 and 1970, the teaching
staff in the faculty of medicine increased from 35 to 164. While it is
true there were other teaching duties
assumed by that faculty, such added
assignments come nowhere near accounting for the four-fold increase in
2. In 1953-54, the annual operating budget for the faculty of medicine was approximately $374,367. In 1971, the
operating budget had increased to approximately $4,600,000.
3. Capital investment in buildings, to the
end of 1971 has been at least $12,000,-
000 (from a variety of sources).
Notwithstanding these enormous infusions of teachers, operating funds and
capital grants, the faculty of medicine held
student admission to 60 per annum. That
this has been a conscious policy on the
part of the faculty of medicine is well
documented, as the following quotations
Vancouver Province, September 28, 1971:
"Medical Dean Dr. McCreary said
the practise (sic) of limiting enrolment so that UBC could 'put a lot of
effort also into research and continuing education' will be relaxed."
Vancouver Province, October 4, 1971:
"Sixty has been the annual limit of
first-year students since the school
opened in 1950, and this has been the
result of deliberate policy. Medical
Dean Dr. McCreary says the practice
has allowed UBC to do a lot of research.—But the question is whether
the expansion shouldn't have been
started years ago."
Victoria Colonist, October 23, 1971:
"Dr. John McCreary says choice of
medical careers should be controlled
to adjust supply to the needs of the
public. The number of specialists
have borne absolutely no relation to
the needs of the country."
News, UBC, Information Office, March 3,
"Dean McCreary said this favorable
physician-population ratio was in effect when UBC's school was designed
to accommodate a class of 60 students. In view of the excellent supply
of doctors in British Columbia, Dean
McCreary said the UBC school had
placed a high priority on other responsibilities, including research and
continuing medical education. Until
2 years ago, no British Columbia student with a good academic record
was refused admission to UBC's
medical school. During the past two
years the number of applications has
increased rapidly and there is now a
real sense of urgency in increasing the
size of the UBC class. The first-year
class in medicine will be increased to
80 next year and a further expansion
to 100 first-year students will be
undertaken as soon as possible. The
chief constraint to increasing the class
size is accommodation in the basic
medical sciences laboratories. An enlargement to these facilities is now
being designed. . . ."
Your readers might also be interested in
another account found in the Colonist,
October 6, 1971:
"Canadian medical schools may be
keeping their enrolments low because
faculty members find students bothersome, the President of the Canadian
Medical Association said in Victoria,
Tuesday . . . some medical schools
could double their enrolments without increasing facilities if it were not
for the resistance of teaching staffs."
Ralph R. Loffmark
Minister of Health Services
and Hospital Insurance
Editor's Note
The UBC Board of Governors feels that
several points in Mr. Loffmark's letter
warrant a serious reply, but unfortunately
the board received copies of his letter
too close to press-time to reply in this
issue. Consequently, the University administration will answer Mr. Loffmark's
comments in the next issue of the
A special
message to all
UBC Graduates
who are
A lot of our graduates
are in important jobs in
marketing. They know, as
you do, that university
graduates tend to be
upscale, innovators,
experimenters with new
products and services.
Some good reasons why
they may be a pretty
good market for your
company's products or
services. Have you considered the alumni market
for your advertising?
And the alumni magazines
which are the most
effective, efficient means
of reaching this market?
Find out what you (and
your advertising agency)
have been missing. Call
688-6819 in Vancouver,
489-7642 in Toronto, for
all the information. Or
send the coupon.
Alumni Media Limited,
1350 West Pender,
Vancouver 5, B.C.
I would like to know more about the
university graduate market and alumni
I would like you to fill my advertising
agency in on this exceptional market.
27 Arabophobia the last
prejudice of liberals?
Michael Seelig's reply (in your Spring issue) to Hanna Kassis' article on Palestine
disturbed us on several counts. May we, as
concerned observers who are neither Palestinians nor Israelis, but who lived and
worked in Beirut 1965-70 and travelled all
over the Middle East, be permitted to reply? We think it important that Dr. Seelig,
with his intense but narrow Israeli vision,
should not be allowed to discredit Dr.
Kassis, who represents an alternative to
the extremists on both sides.
Dr. Seelig calls Dr Kassis' proposal of a
democratic, bi-national Palestine for both
Jews and Arabs "unacceptable to all Israelis"—ignoring the case (cited by Dr.
Kassis) of Uri Avneri, not only an Israeli
but a member of the Knesset, who has
been advocating a similar de-Zionization
of Israel. But, unfortunately, Avneri is
atypical; most Israelis do find de-Zionization "unacceptable." The question, however, is whether that position is worthy of
our support.
First, it must be understood that Dr.
Seelig is taking a very hard line on the
central question: the land. He states his,
and all Israelis', "concern" for the Palestinian refugees, but when it comes to
implementing that concern, he concedes
UBC Bookstore
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Inquiries & Orders by
Phone or Mail invited
nothing. He must know that the return to
the land is the sine qua non of the Palestinian problem, yet he dismisses the idea:
"unacceptable." We are forced to conclude
that his talk of "sympathy" is merely
mouthing liberal pieties (in Israel, as in
the West, Arabophobia is the last prejudice still permitted the liberal). Some have
asked, "Why don't they just go live somewhere else?" Wishful thinking. Why don't
the Okanagan growers go till the Yukon
tundra? Palestine was (and is) the Biblical
"land of milk and honey," the best land
in the arid Middle East, and many Palestinians were farmers.
Second, why should the prospect of a
democratic bi-national state be "unacceptable" to the self-professed "bastion of
democracy" in the Middle East? Perhaps
because Israel is "democratic" only for
Jews; Arabs and Sephardim (Oriental)
Jews are second-class citizens. Shimon
Tzabar, an Israeli, wrote to the London
Times (31 Jan. 1968) that:
no respectable Jewish landlord will
rent a room to an Arab. . . . Dishwashing, waiting, cleaning, and brick-
making are almost the only Arab occupations in a Jewish city like Tel
Aviv, while educated Arabs cannot
get even a simple white-collar job
outside their Arab communities. . . .
Official   discrimination   is   demonstrated by the Citizenship law . . . any
Jewish immigrant can automatically
become a full citizen of Israel; but
for an Arab it is not enough to be
born  in   Palestine—he  has  also  to
prove  that  he   was  present  in  the
country at a certain time in 1948.
And this proof is not easy to obtain, since
many Arab record offices have been taken
over or blown up by the Israelis. As for bi-
nationalism,  Dr.   Seelig is  worried  that
Palestine could become another Cyprus or
Nigeria. Yes, or perhaps another Lebanon,
where Christians,  Muslims,  Druses and
Jews have so far managed to keep their
state intact. It is altogether paradoxical
that Zionists insist on a Jewish state, when
Jews elsewhere depend upon and encourage a plural concept of society.
However dimly Dr. Kassis' proposal is
regarded by Dr. Seelig, it does not seem
unreasonable to outside observers. In The
Evasive Peace, John Davis, former Commissioner General of UNRWA, calls de-
Zionization the only basis for peace in the
Middle East:
The basic rights of the Palestine
Arabs must be restored and in a manner that no longer leaves them scattered against their will throughout the
Arab world and beyond. They must
again have a homeland—the people
of Israel should understand this need
even better than other people.
Whatever form of government may
emerge, it must recognize the claim
of Palestine Arabs to full citizenship
in the area that was Palestine, and on
a basis that provides for self-rule. . . .
Peace will eventually come to the
Middle East as the Zionist-based
cause of conflict is eliminated, either
by peaceful means or by war. . . .
Dr. Seelig concludes, "why not give peace
a chance?" Very touching—but quite
empty. It is what one often hears from
Israelis,  and what one  heard from  the
gangster bosses who ran Chicago in the
Thirties: "we don't want no trouble." It is
the cry of those on top, in control, with a
vested interest in things as they are. But
Dr. Seelig and his compatriots cannot have
their cake and eat it too. They might look
at David Ben Gurion's article in the
Saturday Review for April 3, 1971. It is
called "Peace Is More Important Than
Real Estate."
Vivian Bevis
Richard Bevis
Dr. Richard Bevis is an assistant professor
of English at UBC.
Zionism obstacle to
Middle East peace
I have read with interest the article entitled "A Forgotten People Demand Justice" by Dr. Hanna Kassis, (Chronicle,
Summer 1971), and also the letter in reply
to this by Dr. Michael Y. Seelig, (Spring
What is overlooked by Dr. Seelig, however, is that in 1917, the year of the Balfour Declaration, the population of Palestine was about 700,000, of whom some
650,000 were Moslem and Christian Arabs
and the remaining 50,000 were Jews,
mostly Oriental Jews. Furthermore, prior
to the advent of political Zionism, both
Arabs and Jews lived together in the Holy
Land as brothers. After the First World
War, the League of Nations granted Great
Britain mandatory authority in Palestine,
but the duty of the Mandatory Power is to
look after the interests of the inhabitants,
and not to bring in hordes of strangers
against the will of the people of the country. (Even in Great Britain, the British
people have resented hordes of black
people from the West Indies being brought
in by various post-war British governments to their very over-crowded country!)
Again, the Balfour Declaration did not
envisage the creation of a Jewish state in
Palestine. By 1947, the percentage of
Arabs in Palestine had been reduced gradually from 93 percent, as it was in 1917,
to about 70 percent, due to massive Jewish
immigration. Even so, 70 percent constitutes a more than two-thirds majority. In
1947, the United Nations recommended
partition of the Holy Land, but as they
have no right to interfere in the internal
affairs of any country, such partitioning
was not legally valid, especially as the
Arab population, who were the majority,
vigorously opposed the plan.
Dr. Seelig wishes the Arabs to recognize the right of the so-called "State of
Israel" to exist. I wonder what he would
say if a racial minority were to set up a
separate state in B.C., which state was
hostile to B.C., as well as to the rest of
Canada! I don't think he would approve
of it, so why should it be considered unreasonable for the Palestinians to reject
"Israel"? As for the driving "Israel" into
the sea, does not any nation worth its salt
wish to expel an invader from its territory?
28 However, what the Arabs really want is to
liquidate "Israel" as a state, and not to
exterminate the Jewish people living there!
It is only natural that those Jews who have
occupied Arab homes and properties will
have to evacuate these, and that proper
compensation be paid to those whose
homes and properties have been destroyed.
Furthermore, those Zionists who have
been guilty of atrocities will have to be
tried and punished accordingly. All this
is only plain, common justice.
Dr. Seelig brings in the question of the
historical link between Judaism and the
land of Palestine. Do not Christianity and
Islam also have historical links with the
Holy Land? Admittedly, the Jews lived
there as a nation at one time, but that was
1,900 years ago, and they were driven
out, not by the Arabs, but by the Romans!
Admittedly also, the Arabs came to Palestine as conquerors after the death of
Muhammad, the Prophet of Islam, but
they did not drive the Jews out, but the
Romans. Furthermore, when the Jewish
people were being cruelly persecuted by a
corrupt medieval church in Europe, it was
the Arab peoples who opened their gates
to them to give them refuge! If the Zionists
claim Palestine for the Jews on an historical basis, then the Italians may also claim
all territories which constituted the Roman Empire (including Palestine, by the
way!); also, the Greeks may similarly
claim all territory from Turkey to Northern India, which formed part of the
empire of Alexander the Great!
The Zionists will not permit the return
of the Arab refugees to their homes and
properties because this would hinder their
idea of a purely Jewish state, Is this just?
In any case, why a Jewish state? As Palestine is ever more sacred to Christians, seeing that our Lord and Saviour Jesus Christ
was born, lived, died and rose again in
that country, why not make it a Christian
state? As Moslems also have ties with
the Holy Land, why not a Moslem state?
It has been proved that to create a state on
purely religious grounds leads only to
trouble. Consider the case of Ulster and
Dr. Seelig ends up by saying, ". . . why
not give peace a chance?" to the Arabs.
Peace can come only when the "Israelis"
de-zionize themselves and give up the idea
of a purely Jewish State. If they will do
this, the Arabs on their part are very
willing to live with them. They have even
expressed a willingness to help find accommodation in other lands for those Jews
who may be bereft of accommodation in
Palestine! Could generosity go further on
the part of an oppressed and injured people towards those who have treated them
so badly for the past 25 years? The Arabs
do not object to Jews per se living in the
Holy Land, provided that there is sufficient
room for them, and also that they are prepared to renounce Zionism and live as
good Palestinians with their Arab
Richard D. Corrance
Mr. Corrance is a Vancouver businessman
who has become acquainted with the
Middle East issue on a first-hand basis
through travel in that region for business
and pleasure.
following services —
Registrar and Transfer Agent
Executor and Trustee
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Mortgage Financing
Investment Management and Safe Keeping
Lawyer's Trust Accounts
Savings and Chequing Accounts
Term Deposits
A complete financial
service organization,
Offices at:
900 W. Pender St.
590 W. Pender St.
2996 Granville at 14th
130 E. Pender St.
737 Fort St., Victoria
29 20's
The end of the academic year at Duke
University will see the retirement of Lionel
Stevenson, BA'22, (MA, Toronto), (PhD,
California), (BLit, Oxford), as James B.
Duke Professor of English. It's a short
retirement though—he immediately takes
■up a new post as professor of English at
the University of Houston. In honor of his
retirement a festschrift of essays by 18
distinguished scholars in 19th century
English literature is to be published in
early 1973. ... A new concept, for North
America, in international education is
being planned for Vancouver Island. The
school, based on the United World College in South Wales, hopes to open in
September, 1973. A joint U.S.-Canadian
venture, the board of governors is headed
by the Hon. John V. Clyne, BA'23, chairman of the board of directors of MacMillan Bloedel. Students for the school are
selected on merit for the final two years of
high school and earn an international certificate. One of the aims of the college is to
provide a nucleus of internationally educated young people to staff the growing
number of international companies and
organizations... It will be something of a
homecoming for George F. Davidson, BA
'28, (MA, PhD, Harvard), LLD'55, president of the CBC, when he takes up his
new post as under-secretary general of the
United Nations on August 1. Between
1946 and 1958 he was a Canadian delegate
to the UN Social Commission, the Economic and Social Council and the General
Assembly. In 1953 he was elected chairman of the Social, Humanitarian and Cultural Committee of the General Assembly
and in 1958 served as president of the UN
Economic and Social Council. President
of the CBC since 1968, his new post has
been described as a sort of "superchief" in
charge of administration and management
and as senior advisor to the secretary-
general Kurt Waldheim. A career civil servant, Mr. Davidson, was Canada's first
deputy minister of health and welfare, and
later deputy minister of immigration and
secretary to the treasury board.
Canada's new environmental advisory
council has two UBC alumni among its 16
members—Ian McTaggart-Cowan, BA'32,
Tom Shandel
"I don't make films because I love
film. I make films because that's a
craft I learned when I was working in
television, which uses film." Writer-
director Tom Shandel, BA'62, believes
that the only way to learn to make
films is in fact to go out and start
making them. And since the days
when he was studying English and
theatre at UBC he has made a great
many. His latest and first feature-
length film, Another Smith for Paradise, premiered in mid-May at Vancouver's Coronet Theatre. An all-
Canadian production financed with
the assistance of the Canadian Film
Development Corporation, Another
Smith was produced by James Mar-
gellos and has among its stars Frances
Hyland, LLD'72, who has just received
this honorary degree for her outstanding contribution to Canadian theatre.
Tom traces his development as a
film-maker back to 1965 when he
worked as a freelance broadcaster
making documentaries for CBC radio.
"I learned film by working in radio.
Cutting thousands of miles of quarter-
inch tape you learn montage and
editing." He then began to direct
pocket documentaries for CBC television and to make underground films
for the regrettably short-lived series,
"The Enterprise". He also found work
as a writer, researcher and interviewer
for the National Film Board, and his
film-making career was well underway.
Although he has been involved in
university film courses both as a student and an instructor, Tom does
not favour an academic environment
for training prospective film-makers. In
1966 he attended the Stanford Summer School of Film, only to leave
after the first month because it had
so little to offer him. In 1969-70 he
was resident film-maker at Simon
Fraser University, and the same year
he taught a film course to recreation
students at UBC.
But his main emphasis was film appreciation. "All you can do is train a
good audience. Film is a very concrete
At the premiere of "Another Smith
For Paradise" Tom Shandel (right) and
his wife, Pia talk with Michael Spencer,
executive director of the
Canadian Film Development Corp.
and a very expensive medium. It requires just tremendous resources. And
basically you have to ask why you are
training film-makers when every filmmaker has to make his own job. If
you're talking about technical things,
like to become a film editor or production assistant then that's like carpentry or plumbing—it's a trade. But that
has nothing to do with universities."
With the recent release of Another
Smith for Paradise Tom is presently
confronted with the feedback which
always follows a premiere. Although
the local critics have had mixed responses to the film, for Tom it is simply
a lesson in the pitfalls of releasing a
film in one's hometown. "I'll always
work here because this is my home. I
may not release a film here again. . .
because when you release in your
hometown what the distributor is
hoping for is a chauvinist box office,
and this film's experience has proven
that the chauvinist audience isn't
here. And without it you're left with
having to face the hometown criticism, which is very personal, and somehow lacks the objectivity afforded
films from outside."
And so Tom plans to remain in
Vancouver with his wife Pia (whose
ample capabilities as an actress are
well displayed in Another Smith) and
to continue to write and direct films
through his Image Flow Centre, a
company of media consultants and
productions. Tom's newest project is
a National Film Board theatrical short
about killer whales, which is presently
being shot at Sealand of the Pacific
in Victoria. Involved in this film are
Dr. Paul Spong, a UBC research associate in psychiatry and an expert on
whale behaviour, musician Paul Horn,
and whale trainer Mark Perry. It's being filmed under the working title The
Whale of a Sound and is due for release
in the late summer.
Valerie Hennell, BA'70. (PhD, California), dean of the Faculty of
Graduate Studies and former head of
zoology at UBC and Donovan Miller,
BCom'47, former president of the alumni
association and member of the board of
governors and senate at UBC. . . . Lawrence J. Nicholson, BA'33, BASc'34, is
now manager of environmental control
for Cominco Ltd. From his office in Trail
he will be responsible for effluent control,
reclamation, land management and the
analytical laboratories throughout the
company's operations. . . . B.C.'s agrolog-
ist of the year is Vernon C. Brink, BSA'34,
MSA'36, (PhD, Wisconsin), professor of
plant science at UBC. Dr. Brink is the first
to be honored in this way by the B.C.
Institute of Agrologists, of which he is a
charter member. He was cited for his
teaching, research and interest in the
lives of his students and ranchers and
farmers throughout B.C. . . . The University of Victoria's acting president,
Hugh Farquhar, BA'38, MA'55, (PhD, Alberta), has taken on the job full-time
now. He began his teaching career in
B.C.'s rural schools, moving later to the
high and normal school levels before joining the education faculty of the then,
Victoria College.
Robert Bonner, BA'42, LLB'48, B.C.'s
attorney-general for 16 years is now
president and chief executive officer of
MacMillan Bloedel. He succeeds the Hon.
Lionel Stevenson
J. V. Clyne, BA'23, who remains chairman of the board of directors. Mr. Bonner joined MacMillan Bloedel in 1968 as
senior vice-president. . . . David M. L.
Farr, BA'44, (MA, Toronto), (PhD, Oxford), professor of history at Carleton
University and its former dean of arts,
has been named to head the university's
presidential search committee. ... An
omission from our list of trustees for the
B.C. Second Century Fund—Alastair
McLean, BSA'44, (MSA, Utah), (PhD,
Washington), a research scientist with
the department of agriculture in Kamloops, joins four other UBC grads on the
board. The fund will be developing nature
conservation areas throughout B.C. to
commemorate Centennial '71.
Hugh Farquhar
Commerce professor, Hugh C. Wilkinson, BCom'46, leaves UBC in luly to be
headmaster of Shawnigan Lake School.
An "Old Boy" of the school, he is former
chairman of the industrial administration
division of the commerce faculty and
since 1962 has specialized in labour relations and marine transportation. . . .
Patrick D. Campbell, BASc'47 is the new
president of Williams Brothers Overseas,
a subsidiary of an Oklahoma company
specializing in pipeline construction. During his 23 years with the company he has
been engineer, superintendent and manager of projects in North and South
America, the Middle East and Asia. . . .
Albert L. Babb, BASc'48, (MS, PhD, Illinois),  chairman  of the  department of
\Ne want you
to get
your money's worth.
At the Bank of Montreal, we wish
to be unique among banks. Unique
in that we wish to serve not only as
a place where you can deposit and
borrow money. But we also want to
show you how to get the most for
your money.
After all, we've become one of
the largest banks in the world, and
who should know more about money?
That's why all our efforts are dedicated to giving you advice that will
help you in your depositing and
borrowing. We want you to get your
money's worth.
Bank of Montreal
The First Canadian Bank
Ice Cream
Cottage Cheese
Swiss Style Yogurt
Smooth & Creamy
Sour Cream
and many more good things to eat and drink
31 Branches
Interested in becoming involved in
alumni branch activities in your area?
Here are your local branch contacts:
British Columbia
Campbell River: Dr. Arthur Lightfoot
(287-7111). Castlegar: Dr. Bruce
Fraser (365-7292). Dr. Bill Murison
(365-7292). Cranbrook: David Shunter
(426-5241). Kimberley: Larry Garston
(427-2600). Duncan: David Williams
(746-7121). Kamloops: Bud Aubrey
(372-8845). Kelowna: Don Jabour
(762-2011). Nanaimo: Alan Filmer
(390-4562), Dr. Gordon Squire (753-
1211). Nelson: Judge Leo Gansner
(352-3742). Penticton: Dick Brook
(492-6100). Port Alberni: George Plant
(723-2161). Prince George: Neil McPherson (563-0161). Quesnel: Donald
Frood (992-7261). Salmon Arm: Dr.
W. H. Letham (832-2264). Trail:
Marilyn Mathieson (368-6585). Vernon: Dr. David Kennedy (545-1331).
Victoria: Don South (382-7454). Williams Lake: Ann Stevenson (392-4365).
Calgary: Frank Garnett (262-7906).
Edmonton: John Haar (425-8810),
Gary Caster (465-1437).
Eastern Canada
Halifax: Carol McLean (429-8628).
Montreal: Hamlyn Hobden (866-2055).
Ottawa: Michael Hunter (996-7861).
Toronto: John Williams (861-3111).
Winnipeg: Harold Wright (452-3644).
United States
Los Angeles: Dick Massey (482-3600).
New Mexico: Martin Goodwin (Drawer
1628, Clovis, N.M.). New York: Rosemary Brough (688-2656). San Francisco: Norm Gillies (474-7310). Seattle: Stuart Turner (MA 2-1754).
United Kingdom
England: Alice Hemming (35 Els-
worthy Rd., London, NW3), Paul Dyson (c/o Fry, Mills, Spence Securities,
Warnford Ct., Throgmorton St., London EC2). Scotland: Jean Dagg (32
Bentfield Dr., Prestwick).
Robert Bonner
nuclear medicine at the University of
Washington, has been elected to the
National Academy of Engineering, the
highest national award made to American professional engineers. His election
recognized Dr. Babb's "pioneering contributions" to the development of artificial
kidney systems and the medical applications of nuclear energy.
After 18 years with Dow Chemical,
Sidney L. Couling, BASc'49, (DSc, Carnegie-Mellon), is now senior technical advisor on magnesium research at the Bat-
telle laboratories in Columbus, Ohio. . . .
Clifford Faulkner, BSA'49, topped his
graduating class in the three-year land
appraisal course at the University of Calgary. . . . The alumni association's immediate past president, Frank C. Walden,
BA'49, has been appointed vice-president
and manager of the Vancouver office of
Comcore Public Relations Ltd.—a new
national public relations company.
Michael Ross Hanna, BSA'52, MSA'55,
(PhD, Wisconsin) is working on a research
project in Roumania for the next year. . . .
Eric C. MacKenzie, BSA'53, is currently
at the University of Florida doing further
work in tropical agriculture—with naturally an emphasis on the citrus fruits.
... A new position for Paul J. Hoenmans,
BASc'54. He's manager of economics and
business environmental studies in the
corporate planning and economics department of Mobil Oil in New York.
Another first for UBC grads . . . our
first prime minister . . . James F. Mitchell, BSA'55, was recently elected to the
office in St. Vincent and the Grenadines,
West Indies. . . . M. Bruce Pepper, BCom
'55, is the new president of Crows Nest
Industries Ltd. He joined the company in
1967 as vice-president, finance and was
named vice-president and general manager last year.
For the coming year James A. Draper,
BA'57, MSc'62, (PhD, Wisconsin), will be
in India as resident director of the Shastri
Indo-Canadian Institute where he will be
working on a research project in adult
and continuing-education in Indian universities. He returns to Canada in March
'73 to resume his duties as associate professor of adult education at the Ontario
Albert Babb
Institute for Studies in Education. . . .
Ronald L. W. Holmes, BASc'57, shared in
the top award at the National Open and
Basic Oxygen Steelmaking Conference in
April in Chicago. For the past five years
he has been technical assistant to the
superintendent of steelmaking at the
Wheeling-Pittsburgh Steel Corp. near
Pittsburgh. . . . Vern J. Housez, BCom'57,
is now vice-president and general manager of the grocery division of Standard
Brands Ltd. A former UBC senate member, and chairman of the alumni fund, he
was most recently general manager of
Eaton's Ontario stores. . . . The spring
convocation at Simmons College in Boston awarded Lois Sperling Warren, BA
'57, her master of library science degree.
A specialist in molecular genetics, Edward C. Cox, BSc'59, (PhD, Pennsylvania), has been named assistant dean of
the college and director of undergraduate
studies at Princeton University. . . . Kenneth C. Haltalin, MD'59, spent the early
part of this year as visiting professor of
pediatrics at the Nhi Dong children's
hospital in Saigon. He is associate professor of pediatrics at the University of
Texas Southwestern medical school in
Dallas. . . . After the first of July the
University of Victoria will have a new
dean of education, K. George Pederson,
BA'59, (MA, Washington), (PhD, Chicago). He moves to Victoria from Chicago
where he has been associate director of
the Midwest Administration Centre at
the University of Chicago.
"This Country In The Morning"—CBC
Radio's lively mid-morning show from
Toronto has Helen Hutchinson (Mrs.
David Harrison), BA'60 (class of '55)
along with Peter Gzowski and Danny,
Finkleman, doing interviews, poetry
readings, games and other assorted goodies to entertain and even instruct the
masses Norway, Italy, Portugal, South Africa and four years with the
deBeers diamond mines was the itinerary
of Douglas Piteau, BSc'62, (PhD, Wit-
watersrand), after his graduation. He has
now returned to Vancouver to set up a
consulting firm—Piteau, Gadsby, MacLeod, dealing in all aspects of geo-tech-
nical work and environmental studies. . . .
32 Canada's newest bank—the Unity Bank—
has as its first president Richard Brian
Higgins, BCom'62. He started with the
Bank of Nova Scotia as a clerk in 1962
and was most recently managing director
and chief executive officer of the Bank of
Montreal's new offshore banks in Jamaica
and the Bahamas. At UBC he captained
the Thunderbird soccer team from 1960
to 1962. ... A specialist in kidney disease
and the medical aspects of kidney transplants, Edmund Jean Lewis, (BS, McGill),
MD'62, now heads the nephrology section of the biological sciences medical
department and the school of medicine
at the University of Chicago. He joined
the medical faculty at Chicago in 1971 as
associate professor after nearly four years
in teaching, research and consulting posts
at Harvard and Tufts Universities. . . .
Beryl Rowland, PhD'62, who is teaching
at McLaughlin College, York University,
is the author of a new book, Blind
Beasts—Chaucer's Animal World, published by Kent State University Press.
Frederick Richard McCourt, BSc'63,
PhD'66, has returned from post-doctoral
work in the Netherlands and is assistant
professor of chemistry at Waterloo University. . . . The federal government is
spending $90 million to rehabilitate the
Glace Bay, N.S. heavy water plant where
John Engweiler, BASc'64, is the civil resident engineer and contract administrator
for the project. He is on loan to the project—called   Canatom   Mon-Max—from
Montreal Engineering Co	
William Partridge, BA'64, (BLS, Toronto), has left Pine Hill Divinity Hall library in Halifax to be assistant county
librarian for Essex County in Ontario.
At the end of January Mrs. Dorothy
Cameron, MA'65, retired as chief of cultural information surveys with Statistics
Canada. One of her projects was a nationwide survey of handicrafts, possibly the
first of its kind anywhere. She plans to
live in Calgary on her return from a
European trip. . . . One of the federal
government's local initiatives grants in
Vancouver has led to the formation of
City Stage—a noon hour theatre—most
suitable for consuming both your lunch
and a little culture at the same time. The
Vancouver Art Gallery pioneered these
noon hour concerts and plays but City
Stage takes it a step further and presents
productions on a daily basis to sold out
crowds. One of the recent productions
at the store front theatre was "Sweet
Eros", the company's first evening production, featuring Scott Hy lands (Douglas), BA'65. He now uses Los Angeles as
base for his television, film and theatre
activities—and also finds time to be a
member of the director's unit of the
Actor's Studio in L.A.
The first woman to be a director of
one of Vancouver's community centres,
Phoebe Hamilton, BPE'66, (MS, Illinois),
has taken on another new challenge. After
four years of teaching at Western Washington State College she now heads the
activity centre and playground division of
King County, Washington. ... In Reykjavik, Iceland, Maureen Judith Theil,
BSR'69, is in the process of establishing
the country's first occupational therapy
department for physical rehabilitation.
Mr. and Mrs. Jean B. Coustalin, (Georgina Sharp, BA'68), a daughter, Magali
Laure, January 29, 1972 in Rimouski,
Que. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Douglas T. Davies,
(Alice Newbergher, BEd'65), a son, Ryan
Mark Douglas, December 30, 1971 in
North Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Axel
A. Thunstrom, BA'66, (Elizabeth Gunn,
BSA'60), a daughter, Holly Megan, December 11, 1971 in New Westminster. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. S. Carl Zanon, BASc'59,
(Carol Herrigan, MSc'61), a son, Paul
Joseph Emerson, January 6, 1972 in Concord,  Mass.
Bussinger-Hopcott. Earl P. Bussinger to
Judith A. Hopcott, BA'69, April 1, 1972
in Vancouver. . . . Hager-Penwarden.
Douglas Hager, BA'64, to Elizabeth Pen-
warden, April 7, 1972 in Vancouver. . . .
Shearman-Skelton. Gareth R. Shearman,
BEd'60, to Violet Mae Skelton, BHE'63,
December  1971 in Vancouver.
Gordon McKellar Abernethy, BASc'26,
March 1972 in Victoria. A forester with
the B.C. Forest Service until his retirement
in 1966, he is survived bv a daughter,
grandaughter and sister, Elizabeth (Mrs.
L. S. Klinck, BA'20).
Edith Charlotte Barlow, BA'21, November 1971 in New Westminster.
Carl F. Barton, BASc'26, BEd'54, November 1971 in Vancouver. Survived by three
daughters, Joan (Mrs. C. Anastasiou, BA
'51, MA'54, BLS'69), Brenda and Lynn.
Byron Britton Brock, BASc'26, PhD (Wisconsin), April 1972 in South Africa. The
son of the late Dean R. W. Brock, UBC's
first head of applied science, he spent most
of his career in South Africa as consulting
geologist with the Anglo-American Corporation. Much of his internationally-
recognized research was on the fragmentation of the earth's crust and has been
honored by the Geological Society of
South Africa. Survived by his wife (Barbara Grote Stirling, BA'26), daughter,
Elizabeth (Mrs. Stuart Robertson), BA
'52, son, Patrick, BASc'56, and four brothers: David, BA'30, Tom, BA, BSc'36,
MASc'37 and Philip, BSA'38, and P. Wil-
let (Bill) Brock.
John James Carignan, LLB'59, January
1972 in Vernon.
John Arthur Gower, BASc'50, MASc'52,
PhD(MIT), February 1972 in Vancouver.
A past president of the B.C.-Yukon
Chamber of Mines, he joined the UBC
geology faculty in 1968 and played a large
part in raising funds for the new geological sciences centre on campus. Survived by
his wife and two sons.
Jane M. Greig, BA'52, BEd'58, October
1971 in Vancouver.
Mrs. Douglas Homer-Dixon (Constance
Elizabeth   Armstrong),   BA'51,   January
1970 in Victoria. A free-lance illustrator,
she is survived by her husband Douglas
Edward S.  Hopkins,  BA'50,  November
1971 in   Vancouver.
Peter Norman Howard, BA'62, LLB'65
and Mrs. Howard (Heather Mary Patrick) BSR'70 (Class of '64), accidentally
April 1972 on Whistler Mountain. Peter
practised law with a Vancouver firm and
"Vancouver's Leading
Business College"
Secretarial   Stenographic
Accounting   Clerk Typist
Day and Night School
Enrol at any time
1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
The story of 5,210 U.B.C.
alumni is now told in a book:
by Peter Z. W. Tsong, Ph.D.
Limited edition now available
at $4.95 per copy including
sales tax.
Place your order now at the
ASSOCIATION (228-3313)
or the
33 notice anything new?
(about noun Chronicle
mailing label)
If you and your spouse are both U.B.C. Alumni, chances are
that the label is addressed in the format of:
At last, your Alumni Association is able to address mail individually to all Alumni—even two who are married to one
another. We need your help to improve our new mailing system
and update Alumni Records. Please fill in the information
requested below & mail the form to the Alumni Association,
6251 N.W. Marine Dr., Vancouver 8, B.C., along with the
mailing label from this Chronicle.
Thank you.
Title & Name	
UBC Degree, Year, Major/Option: (1) 	
(2)     (3)	
(  )  Married       (   )  Single       (   )  Wid/Sep/Div.
Spouse UBC Grad?     (  )  Yes       (   ) No
If Yes, Spouse Title & Name 	
UBC Degree, Year, Major/Option: (1) 	
(2)     (3) 	
Occupation: Husband Wife p*?-^
Other Univ. Degrees: H W /^...^..^J
Tracing reference if my mail is returned undelivered: ■*     \^_     ,
Name  -....XjS:.1.
Student Activities:
(  ) A.M.S. Council (Specify position) 	
(  ) Athletics (Specify which) 	
(  ) Political Clubs (Specify) 	
(  )  Clubs & Societies (Specify) 	
(  ) Fraternities (Specify) 	
(  )  Sororities (Specify) 	
(  ) Publications (Specify)	
(  )  International House	
I have changed my name since attending UBC
Former Name	
Address Correction/Comments:
(  ) Yes       (  ) No
Heather was a physiotherapist at the Vancouver General Hospital. They are survived by their son, parents, brothers and
Allan H. Hull, LLB'52, December 1971 in
Vancouver. He served with the RCAF, retiring with the rank of air commodore
before attending UBC. Survived by his
WilUam Charles Jones, BA'53, MSc'55,
1971 in Brisco, B.C.
Lionel H. Lang, BA'29, MA(Clark), MA,
PhD(Harvard), March 1972, in Berkeley,
Calif. For almost 30 years he taught political science at the University of Michigan,
retiring in 1970. His chief areas of research were in Canadian-American relations and British and Canadian constitutional and political developments. Survived by a sister and niece.
Mrs. Duncan McLean (Lorna Barton),
BA'26, BLS(Washington), April 1972 in
North Vancouver. Survived by her husband and sister.
David Alexander McPhedran, BA'65, accidentally April 1972 on Whistler Mountain. A securities salesman in Vancouver,
he is survived by his wife (Kerry Anderson, BA'65), his parents and two brothers.
Mrs. Alexander Meston, (Vera Emily
Muddell), BA'17, April 1972 in Vancouver. Survived by two daughters, Julia
(Mrs. W. J. Emerson, BSN'55) and Enid.
Mrs. Elmer Mitchell (Velma Chapman)
BA'32, July 1970 in Vancouver. Survived
by her husband and sister.
William Arnold Mitchell, BA'38, BEd'47,
August 1970 in North Vancouver. Survived by his wife (Margaret Jones, Class
of '33).
Stanley A. Murphy, BA'40, BEd'49, December 1971 in Victoria.
Earl Woodrow Nelson, BA'52, January
1972 in Vancouver. Survived by his sister.
Richard Washburn Pillsbury, BA'27, MA
'45, January 1972 in Ganges, B.C. He
taught biology and botany at UBC from
1946 until his retirement in 1970 when he
was named professor emeritus. Survived
by his wife, two children and four sisters.
Reeve,   BASc'33,   April
1972 in^Vaneeuyer^For'many__}ieBrs he
was chief enginejtiwtn,Tae*Bc£25s^ Yipe
Ltd. and^is-Survived by his wife,
Cliflr-Sangster, BA'33).
Sidney W. Semple, BA'32, March 1972
in London, Ont. A former RCAF chaplain he was appointed as the first full-time
Protestant chaplain to the St. Thomas Psychiatric Hospital in Ontario in 1960. Survived by his wife and two sons.
Peter J. H. Stewart, LLB'71, March 1972
in Surrey, B.C.
Arthur Lloyd Wheeler, BA'24, MA(To-
ronto), PhD(Wisconsin), June 1970 in
Halifax, N.S. A former editor of the
Ubyssey, he taught English at the University of Manitoba for over 30 years before
his retirement as professor emeritus in
1964. Survived by two daughters.
William Edward Whitley, LLB'57, February 1971 in Ottawa. Survived by his wife.
Maud Anna WilUams, BA'40, May 1972
in Nanaimo, B.C.
Helen Madeleine Vance, BA'37, MA'39,
January 1972 in Vancouver.
Mrs. Richard Vohs (Frances Ellen Bell),
BA'29, March  1972 in Berkeley, Calif.
Survived by her husband and sister. Q
34 If you have to unplug the
toaster to make cofifee,
look into a Medallion home.
This kind of thing just doesn't happen in a
Medallion home. Medallion means that the
home has been wired to meet the electrical
needs of today . . . and tomorrow!
The kitchen in a Medallion home must have
a separate circuit for the refrigerator and
four additional circuits for small appliances. That's why you can use your high-
wattage electric housewares — toaster
coffee pot, fry pan and kettle — all at once
without blowing a fuse.
If you do wish to add more circuits later,
it's easy and inexpensive to do. There's
free access to the distribution panel so you
avoid damage to finished walls.
Extension cords? You can forget them.
Place lamps and appliances anywhere you
wish: there's an outlet within easy reach
of the cord.
These are just a few of the electrical conveniences in a Medallion home. Call B.C.
Hydro's  Customer Advisory  Service   and
ask about Medallion.
And start living better electrically.
-H- headrests
steering column
ventilation        windshield
3-point safety
belts with
warning signal
bucket seats
rear window
disc brakes
strut-type coil
spring suspension
tinted safety glass
door armrests
Datsun 1200
Summa cum laude
Ignoring the welter of automotive claims
and counterclaims, Datsun gives
you solid points to ponder.
Check through the features you'd
like in a fastback and see how Datsun
has plusses inked against every one.
But, if our Fastback isn't quite your car,
look over the Datsun range.
And if you'd like independent
confirmation of Datsun's claims to
superiority, just count how many
you see on the road.
DATSUN is all you really need
There are more than 1100 Datsun dealers across Canada and the U.S. A.


Citation Scheme:


Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics



Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            async >
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:


Related Items