UBC Publications

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UBC Publications

Trek [2001-06]

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The Magazine of the University ofT^Jsfi^o1*ni%i<
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Nature's Way
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L-L 28   i  The Inanimate World
A Short Story.
By Robert Strandquist
34   !   Hopwood's List
An English 101 suggested reading list that
lasted a lifetime.
By Leonard Graholm
37   I  The Travels of Doctor Qayumi
From the mountains of Afghanistan to
the corridors of vgh, Dr. Qayumi has
kept his focus.
By Bruce Mason
39  i  Precious Medals
Why doesn't Canada produce more
medals at the Olympics?
Should we even try?
By Don Wells
16   !   Art for Whose Sake?
The Belkin Gallery has great admirers and
strong critics. What's up?
By Robin Laurence
23  i   Breakfast of Champions
Frankenfoods or the solution to world
hunger: gmos are on your table.
By Scott Yates
2   Trek   Summer 2001 5 Research News
22 i Letters
43 i Chronicle
Alumni news and events
44 ' The Arts
46 ! Books
48 I Alumni News
51 i Reunion Weekend
52 ! Class Acts
54 ! In Memoriam
The Magazine ofthe University of British Columbia
Editor Christopher Petty mfa'86
Designer Chris Dahl
Assistant Editor Vanessa Clarke
Board of Directors
President Gregory Clark bcom'86, LLB'89
Senior VP Jane Hungerford bed'67
Past President Linda Thorstad Bsc'77, MSc'84
Treasurer Tammie Mark bcom'88
Members at Large '00 -
John Grunau ba'67
Darlene Marzari msw'68
Members at Large '01
Martin Ertl Bsc'93
Paul Rosenau BLA'87, MA'87
Billy Wan bcom'82
Executive Director
Agnes Papke bsc(agr)'66
Editorial Committee
Janet Ansell
Vanessa Clarke
Sid Katz
Scott Macrae
Christopher Petty
Herbert Rosengarten
Trek (formerly the UBC Alumni Chronicle) is
published three times a year by the UBC Alumni
Association and distributed free of charge to UBC alumni
and friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine do not
necessarily reflect the views of the Alumni Association or
the university. Letters to the editor are welcome. Address
correspondence to:
Christopher Petty, Editor
UBC Alumni Association,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, bc, Canada  v6t tzi
or send e-mail to cpetty@alumni.ubc.ca.
Letters will be published at the editor's discretion
and may be edited for space.
For advertising rates and information, contact
the editor at 604-822-8914.
Contact Numbers at UBC
Address Changes
Alumni Association
toll free 800 883-3088
Trek Editor 822-8914
UBC Tnfo Line 822-4636
Alma Mater Society 822-9098
Campus Tours 822-8687
Continuing Studies 822-1444
Development Office 822-8900
Library 822-6375
Registrar 822-3014
Belkin Gallery 822-2759
Chan Centre 822-2697
Frederic Wood Theatre 822-2678
Museum of Anthropology 822-5087
Volume 55, Number 2
Printed in Canada by Mitchell Press   ISSN 0824-1:279
Canadian Publications Mail Product Sales Agreement # 40063528
Cover photograph: Photonics
Summer 2001   Trek   3 what is nature's way?
about this issue
The more we examine our universe, the
more we realize how little we know
about it. New information comes along
daily to suggest that another absolute
certainty is under question. It's been
happening for a long time: the
comfortable surety of the sun revolving
around the earth gives way to the notion
that the earth is actually not the centre
of the universe at all, and humanity goes
through an identity crisis.
There are few areas as fraught with
doubt as the sciences, which is odd, since
scientific practitioners like to say they
deal only in observable fact. In spite of
it, science has become the faith of our
age. Where once humanity turned to
deities to explain the unknowable, we
now turn to science.
But our confidence is being shaken,
and nowhere more alarmingly than in
the field of biotechnology. Our
understanding of genetics has increased to
the point where we can mix the genes of
one organism with another's, and end up
with something that didn't exist before.
The result has been a redefinition of
nature. What's natural and what isn't?
Gregor Mendel was looked on
askance for tinkering with the order of
things to produce new strains of peas, but
he, at least, was using the same tools
nature might use to do the same thing. Is
the new genetic science pushing nature
aside and playing God? Many argue that
we are courting disaster with genetic
modification of plants, while others claim
we are just doing what Mendel did, but
with more sophistication. Breakfast of
(genetically altered) Champions in this
issue takes a look at some of those
arguments and the role of nature in the
But clay-footed surety isn't just the
bane of science. This issue of Trek
includes an article on the new Belkin
Gallery (Art for Whose Sake?) that
challenges our attitudes concerning what
is or isn't 'art.' We also present a clearheaded look at how our expectations of
Olympic glory (Precious Medals) aren't
being met, even though we send large
teams to the field. We used to do better.
What's changed?
And, as a Trek first, we feature a
short story (The Inanimate World) that
will challenge your ideas of love, loyalty
and desire and turn them on their
collective heads.
What is nature's way? It's clear we
don't know. Research has a way of destroying verities. What we do know, and
why we need universities like UBC now
more than ever, is that exploration is our
only hope. Fortunately, it's what we do
best. - Christopher Petty, Editor
Robert Strandquist's work has been
published in a number of literary journals
across the country. He has received
several writing awards, including the
Canadian Authors' Association Award for
Poetry, and has a Master's Degree in Fine
Arts from UBC. He lives in Vancouver, and
is currently working on a novel and a
second collection of short stories.
Scott Yates MFA'86 works as a reporter
for Capital Press, an agricultural weekly
that serves the farming industry in the
Pacific Northwest, including Washington,
Idaho and Montana. He lives in Spokane,
Washington with his three daughters.
Robin Laurence is an award winning
writer and art critic based in Vancouver.
Recently, she contributed the lead essay
to Gathie Falk, a major publication
accompanying the retrospective
exhibition now touring Canada. Her
writing appears in the Georgia Straight,
the Vancouver Sun and many art
Don Wells BA'89 was manager,
Marketing and Communications, in the
athletic department for many years. He is
currently a communications coordinator
with the university's Public Affairs office,
and a principal of Archer Strategies, a
communications company.
4   Trek   Summer 2001 RESEARCH NEWS
Genome Research: from Tree
Breeding to Salmon Immune Systems
■ Genome Canada has recently announced
a $35 million grant for bc's genome
scientists as part of a national investment
totalling $136 million and spanning 22
projects. Genome bc — a regional partner
of the federal agency — will administer five
of the projects, which together represent
one of bc's largest and most diverse public
biological research initiatives.
Marco Marra, director of the Genome
Sequence Centre at bcca, heads the
expansion of the centre's technological
infrastructure for genomic sequencing and
mapping to accommodate large-scale
The projects fall into the areas of health,
forestry, fisheries and the environment:
• Victor Ling, UBC assistant dean,
Research, and vice-president, Research, at
bc Cancer Agency (bcca) will track how
normal cells change into malignancies in the
early stages of cancer.
• Microbiology and Immunology Professor
Emeritus Julian Davies' goal is to improve
researchers' understanding about the
diversity of micro-organisms and the way
they interact with their environment.
• Zoology Associate Professor Don
Moerman's research focuses on a
transparent worm and its relationship to
humans, to create a better understanding of
genetic mutations, which can then be
applied to human health issues.
• Joerg Bohlmann, an assistant professor of
Biotechnology; Carl Douglas, head of the
Botany department, Agricultural Sciences
Professor Brian Ellis and Forest Sciences
Professor Kermit Ritland will study the
genes of wood tissues to identify genetic
markers in a variety of trees to inform tree
breeding programs.
• Researchers at sfu and the University of
Green Genes Brian Ellis is part of the UBC team
involved in genome research.
Victoria will use genomic research on
Atlantic salmon to learn more about the
structure and function of the salmon
immune system.
For more information, check out:
Paying Attention to the Girls
■ Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder
(adhd ) is one of the most common
psychiatric disorders in children. Sufferers
are at higher risk of failing or dropping out
of school, adolescent parenthood, driving
accidents and arrest. Despite this potential
for negative social fallout, UBC research
reveals that many girls with the condition
aren't being treated because the criteria for
diagnosis are biased towards boys.
"For every six to nine boys referred to
services for adhd, only one girl is referred
— but studies indicate that the actual
gender ratio of the disorder is closer to two
or three boys to every girl," says Jeneva
Ohan, a phd student in Psychology who is
currently investigating this discrepancy
with Psychology Professor Charlotte
adhd is characterized by
inappropriate levels of attention. Children
with the condition may be prone to
distraction, daydreams, and in some cases
hyperactivity. Typically, they experience
trouble staying seated or waiting their
turn. However, Ohan points out those
criteria don't necessarily identify how the
disorder is manifested in girls.
During tests conducted by Ohan and
Johnston, mothers of adhd sufferers
agreed that traits such as fidgeting or
squirming (which are readily included as
part of the criteria for diagnosis of adhd)
are more appropriate descriptors for boys,
and that whispering to classmates and
doodling instead of doing work are more
likely indicators of adhd in girls.
This inequity in diagnosis may also
lead to inequity in treatment. For example,
boys with adhd often have trouble
forming relationships, and treatment plans
reflect this phenomenon, but the same
treatment wouldn't necessarily be
appropriate for girls. Ohan believes it
makes sense that boys and girls with adhd
have different social strengths and
"We need to know what these are,"
she says. "It is crucial to identify girls with
adhd early on so that we can help them
develop to the best of their abilities."
Ellen Neel Totem Pole Vandalized
*   The totem pole that symbolized First
Nations approval of UBC's use of the
Thunderbird name for its sporting teams
was vandalized recently and removed from
its site just north of sub. The damage to
Summer 2001   Trek   5 RESEARCH NEWS
Wilde About Oscar
Oscar Wilde's memory lives on in an exhibit entitled Oscar
Wilde — the Apostle of Beauty (Special Collections, eighth
floor of Main Library). Sarika Bose, sessional instructor in
English, is curator of the exhibit which showcases such
rare items as a signed first edition of The Picture of Dorian
Gray. It draws primarily on the vast collection donated to
the UBC library by Norman Colbeck in 1967.
"Wilde's active career only spanned about 10 years
from 1880, so his lasting cultural dominance and enduring
universal appeal is extraordinary," says Bose. "His
philosophy of joy and pleasure continues to resonate with
readers and theatre-goers."
Despite this enduring popularity, Wilde died penniless
and exiled in Paris on November 30, 1900, at age 46. Bose
and dozens of others at UBC paid homage and marked the
centennial of his death by reading aloud letters and
excerpts of his work at Cecil Green Park. She also
organized the conference Wilde 2000, with English
colleague and sessional lecturer Wilhelm Emilsson in
"Remembered as an aesthete, a fop and a dandy, a
witty and decadent writer, whose homosexuality had tragic
consequences, he declared that he put his talent into his art
and his genius into his life," says Bose of the writer she
finds so fascinating.
The exhibition will be on display until the end of the
summer. Hours are 9 am to 5 pm, Monday to Friday, and
noon to 5 pm on Saturday.
Wilde Exhibitions Sarika Bose, English sessional instructor and
curator of the Oscar Wilde exhibit.
the totem pole is compounded by years of exposure to the elements,
and is probably irreparable.
Those who noticed and enjoyed the fine example of Native
carving may still not have realized the totem pole's symbolism and
its significance for UBC.
Ellen Neel — one of the first women accorded the right to be a
Native carver — gave the totem pole to the university. It was carved
to commemorate the official sanctioning (by the Kwicksutaineuk
people) of UBC's use of the name Thunderbird for UBC sports
The Thunderbird is a mythical creature that forms an
important part of the Kwicksutaineuk's culture and folklore. It has
many attributes and powers with which any sports team would
want to associate:  peace, goodwill and a sense of camaraderie,
determination and a fighting spirit. The carving on the totem pole
depicts the artist's ancestry, but it is also imbued with a theme of
competition and good sporting etiquette.
Chief William Scow granted UBC the  use of the Thunderbird
in a half-time ceremony during the 1948 UBC Homecoming
football game in the old Varsity Stadium. In 1993, his son Alfred —
UBC Law alumnus, judge and now chief of the Kwicksutaineuk —
attended UBC's first induction ceremony for the Sports Hall of
Fame and re-dedicated the Thunderbird name to the university on
behalf of his late father and his people. The Urban Kwakiutl
Dancers performed the Peace Dance to protect all those associated
with the Thunderbird name.
The Museum of Anthropology is concerned about the
vandalization of the Ellen Neel totem pole and is pondering the
commission of a new one, lest the history of the Thunderbird name
be forgotten. - with files from Fred Hume.
Surgeon Boosts Diabetes Research
* Diabetes affects more than two million Canadians and is caused
by insufficient secretion of insulin by the pancreas. Sufferers must
compensate for this lack through controlled diet, daily insulin
injections, or (more rarely) pancreas transplant. Thanks to the work
of leading diabetes researcher and surgeon Garth Warnock,
however, diabetics may soon have an alternative.
Warnock's was the first diabetes research team in Canada to
transplant healthy insulin-producing cells into a diabetic patient. A
recognized world leader in diabetes research, Warnock has joined
the faculty of Medicine as head of the department of Surgery at
UBC and Vancouver Hospital and Health Sciences Centre.
Previously director of the division of Surgical Research at
Alberta's university hospital, Warnock led the clinical islet
transplant program there. In 1989, program researchers performed
Canada's first islet cell transplant, taking healthy clusters of insulin-
producing cells, or islets, from the pancreas and transplanting them
6   Trek   Summer 2001 into a diabetic patient. The procedure can
be done by injection and provides a viable
alternative to pancreas transplant.
Warnock was the attending surgeon for the
first patient in the world to live injection-
free more than two years following islet
cell transplantation.
Warnock, who assumes the cn
Woodward Chair in Surgery, also has
clinical interests in endocrine, pancreatic,
gastro-intcstinal disease and surgical breast
diseases. An accomplished instructor, he
has earned many honours for his teaching.
UBC Physicist Probes Mysteries of
the Cosmos
\t Physics and Astronomy Associate
Professor Mark Halpern is the lone
Canadian on a 13-member scientific team
supervising a NASA satellite mission that
hopes to answer fundamental questions
about the origin, content and fate of the
This summer, the Microwave
Anisotropy Probe (map) satellite will begin
its three-month, 1.5 million kilometre
journey into orbit. It will remain there for
two years measuring the properties of
cosmic background radiation.
Astronomers believe that cosmic
background radiation — the faint glow
The Lone Canadian Mark Halpern, with the
probe's receiver, wants to unlock the mysteries
of the universe.
that bathes the universe — was emitted
300,000 years after the Big Bang, map will
look back in time as it measures conditions
in this light, which has taken 13 billion
years to reach Earth. (To compare, light
emitted from the sun reaches Earth in
about eight minutes.)
The map project, led by nasa's
Goddard Space Flight Center in
partnership with Princeton University,
follows an earlier nasa mission, which
discovered subtle variations in the
otherwise remarkably uniform early
universe and provided clues about its
origin, map's ability to measure
temperature variations more precisely will
enable it to produce a more detailed
picture of the early universe. The probe
will reach deep into space and record
temperature variations so small that, if
expressed as a height variation, would be
UBC Graduating Athletes of the Year
The Big Block Club welcomed 130 new members into its ranks
during an award ceremony at the Hyatt Regency in March.
Most notable among the newcomers were Mark Versfeld and
Jennifer Dowdeswell, UBC's graduating athletes of the year and
recipients of the Bobby Gaul Memorial Trophy and the Marilyn
Pomfret Trophy, respectively.
Versfeld leaves UBC with no less than 26 ciau medals —
two short of the record set by Sarah Evanetz ('28).
He is record holder for the Canada West 100m butterfly,
holds the school record in the 50m, 100m and 200m backstroke
and shares the same honours with teammates in the zoom and
400m medley relays. He was named ciau outstanding male
swimmer of the year in 1998, and Swimming Canada's male
swimmer of the year after securing two gold medals and setting
a new 200m backstroke record at the '98 Commonwealth
Games in Kuala Lumpur.
At last year's winter and spring nationals he won six gold
medals for backstroke and was named swimmer of the meet on
both occasions. Versfeld is the Canadian record holder for the
200m backstroke and was a member of the millennium
Olympics team.
Jennifer Dowdeswell, too, is an accomplished athlete and
a vital team member. She shared in the success of UBC's
women's field hockey team when it won two Canada West
championships and ciau titles in 1998 and 1999. As co-captain
of the team, she led her players to a conference title in 2000,
and narrowly missed a third ciau gold medal.
This season, Dowdeswell has been a strong player in the
midfield position, scoring 5 goals over the season, a personal
best and second highest score in the team. Over 15 years,
Dowdeswell has represented her province and country at various
levels, including a run with the senior national team until 1998.
She was named Canada West Rookie of the Year in 1996 and
has been a conference all-star award recipient every year since.
She has been named a ciau first team All-Canadian twice and
has been named to ciau Tournament xi team four times.
She has managed to achieve all this while maintaining a
high academic standing. She is a three-time Royal Bank
Academic All-Canadian, and this season she was one of 20
students to be named a Wesbrook scholar, in recognition of her
ability to combine high academic performance with leadership
and service.
Summer 2001   Trek   7 I UBC
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a division of UBC Continuing Studies
I'*.**Jv'>-',«^~     It might strike some of our Great
t        Trekkers as mildly ironic when they
v«$<i    witness the opening of a UBC campus
in downtown Vancouver. Those men
', and women who made the trek to
.>. -flf     Point Grey in 1922 to persuade the
A • ' J      provincial government of the day to
K jM complete the construction ot UBC
B\      fl wanted to see the university grow and
^^"   ^^^^^    prosper away from the crowded city.
Now, nearly 80 years later, we're ready to take UBC back
downtown to a new campus at Robson Square.
One of the key strategies for UBC at this time is to
establish a strong downtown presence, one that builds on our
current involvement in the area and complements the work
being done by our sister institutions. It is a big challenge, but
our dedicated faculty and staff are working to ensure that we
provide adequate and appropriate responses to our community's
changing needs.
The move downtown has two primary components. First
is the physical renovation of space, some 66,000 square feet
spread over two levels of the former conference centre at
Robson Square. The UBC campus will contain classrooms,
computer labs, board and seminar rooms, and space for
theatrical performances, offices and meetings. The campus will
be ready in the fall of this year.
The second is the development of programs and services
to meet the increasing demand for lifelong learning from people
who live or work in the downtown core and surrounding areas.
Continuing Studies has developed a diverse program of courses
and public forums that will address complex social issues such
as biotechnology and resource sustainability, as well as a
part-time certificate program in Liberal Studies made up of
evening and day courses in history, literature and the arts. A
similar program in the sciences is in the planning stage. Students
will also find language programs, technology courses and a
lecture series that draws from academics working in the more
than 4,000 research projects currently under way at UBC.
The faculty of Commerce has also developed extensive
programs for the Robson Square campus, including management
development seminars, professional and certification programs,
public forums and high-tech training programs.
I extend a warm invitation to all to visit our new home at
Robson Square when it opens in the fall. This urban gateway
to bc's largest and oldest university will offer new opportunities
for learning to alumni (Great Trekkers included!) and new
students alike.
— Martha Piper, President, University of British Columbia
Trek   Summer 2001 » RESEARCH NEWS
equivalent to under an inch on a mile-high
The information will assist the
researchers in determining the shape of the
universe, how and when galaxies were
formed and if the universe will expand
forever or collapse. A third possibility for
its future, and the one most widely
supported by astronomers, is that the
universe will remain in a state of delicate
balance, on a cusp between expanding
forever and collapsing. "Not only will we
be able to tell which of these theories is
true, but we will also learn about the
underlying physics that caused our
universe to expand the way it has," says
Animal Abuse an Indicator for
Family Violence
According to Statistics Canada, more
than 50 children and 100 women die each
year in this country as a direct result of
family violence. UBC researchers are
examining links between animal abuse and
family violence, in the hope that new
understanding will provide accurate
indicators for predicting and preventing
violence against women and children.
Assistant Professor of Nursing Janet
Ericksen and Social Work Professor Mary
Russell work in collaboration with
academic colleagues and community-based
animal welfare agencies to explore
connections between different types of
violence and to encourage cooperative
working practices.
The connections between animal
With program and space planning now
complete, the University of British
Columbia's new downtown campus at
Robson Square is a step closer to reality. The
university is developing 20,400 square
metres on two levels of Robson Square
located in the 800-block of Robson Street
between Hornby and Howe Streets.
The faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration and UBC Continuing Studies,
which will provide the bulk of programming,
have been working with other units at UBC
to develop innovative educational programs
designed for the thousands of people who
live or work in the downtown core.
In addition to specialized programs,
UBC at Robson Square will offer a variety of
services, including the UBC Bookstore and
UBC Library, life and career planning, fine
arts exhibits and performances, as well as a
wide range of public lectures.
The Alumni Association will also have
office space at Robson Square, and we look
forward to extending alumni services to our
members who live and work downtown and
in the surrounding communities.
www. robsonsquare. ubc. ca
604-UBC-4YOU (604.822.4968)
abuse and family violence are startling. An
Ontario study showed that more than
60% of women seeking refuge from
violence in a shelter reported that their
partners were also responsible for abusing
or killing the family pet. Researchers
estimate that the overlap between the two
types of violence is more than 50%. In bc
last year, the Society for the Prevention of
Cruelty to Animals dealt with more than
7,000 cases of animal abuse.
Russell and Ericksen are designing
work practices that will allow
professionals to share information when
dealing with violent cases. They are also
involved in developing a distance
education course (to be offered in January
2002) that explores family violence from a
multi-disciplinary perspective.
Collaborating on this latter project are
Women's Studies Assistant Professor
Sunera Thobani and school of Nursing
Associate Professor Angela Henderson.
For more information, call 604 822-
6593 or visit the website at
www. edu.ubc. cal research Icbildandfamily
Engineers' Winnings Cast in
fil A team of 14 UBC engineering students
displayed skill, camaradarie, and
determination to clinch first place in the
27th annual Great Northern Concrete
Toboggan Race (gnctr), Canada's largest
civil engineering student competition.
Fourth-year students Brad Tangjerd,
Radya Rifaat and Mana Arabi co-
captained UBC's team in its efforts to
construct a toboggan with a concrete
bottom weighing less than 135 kilograms,
with operating brakes and the ability to
carry five students twice down the course.
"UBC finished last in 2000 and we were
determined to improve, despite our limited
experience with snow and competing with
teams of 50 students," explains Tangjerd.
In the end, the team won awards for
Top Speed of the Day (46 kph) and Most
Improved Team, as well as the overall
As well as being judged for design,
Summer 2001   Trek   9 RESEARCH NEWS
safety and ingenuity, the teams were also
judged on aesthetics, theme and team
spirit. "We showed a lot of spirit and cooperation while we were there," says
Arabi, who says the thrill has still not
"The Fugitives," named after the
infamous Kingston Penitentiary, wore
orange coveralls emblazoned with "UBC
Pen" on the back. They also wore
handcuffs and shackles and regularly
broke into songs and chants made up for
the occasion.
Alan Russell, professor and head of
the Civil Engineering department, says
"We're delighted, not only with the
results, but also with the enthusiasm and
camaraderie [the UBC team] brought to a
major competition."
Online Learning Flourishes
The potential of Canada's high-tech
infrastructure for supporting online
learning is being explored in a $3.4
million, nationwide test project. Dubbed
belle for Broadband Enabled Lifelong
Learning Environment, the project makes
peer reviewed multimedia learning
resources (such as video, still images,
three-dimensional models, and virtual
environments) at participating universities
and colleges available to a broader
UBC is one of 10 post-secondary
institutions involved. Each school will
digitize and classify learning materials and
make them available online. Each will
install and run a workstation connected to
the national high-speed research network,
CA*net3, to facilitate accessibility.
Jim Tom, director, Networks, UBC's
IT Services, says UBC has spent a year
developing and building a system to store
materials. "We want to share these
learning materials from one institution to
another for greater efficiency between
universities," he says.
Other participating schools include
Bone Health Heather McKay of Human Kinetics,
part of the team of bone health investigators.
the Banff Centre for the Arts, McGill
University, Northern Alberta Institute for
Technology, Seneca@York, Sheridan
College, the University of Alberta, the
University of Calgary, the University of
Lethbridge, and the Vancouver Film
The project is supported by a $1.7
million grant from canarie Inc., Canada's
advanced Internet development
organization, with matching funds from
the participating schools. The test project
is due to wrap up in February 2002.
Girls Avoid High-Tech Fields
fl The continued lack of interest in the
high-tech world among young women
remains a mystery. Despite the fact that
applied technology fields ate the fastest
growing economic sectors, the numbers of
girls enrolled in technology-intensive
courses in bc's secondary schools over the
past to years has not increased. This fact
was a major finding of the Gender and
Technology in bc Schools Study and the
researchers say it should herald a major
reform in curricula.
The fact that it is now mandatory for
both genders to take one applied skills
course is a milestone in bc education
history. However, more boys choose high-
tech courses, while girls tend to favour
business education or home economics,
says Education Associate Professor Mary
Bryson, one of the research team. In senior
secondary courses, the current percentage
of girls enrolled in technology-intensive
courses remains extremely low, with no
sign of change. But it's not a question of
technophobia: on average, girls in
technology courses continue to earn more
a's and b's than their male peers, say
researchers Suzanne de Castell, sfu
Education professor, Stephen Petrina, UBC
Curriculum Studies associate professor,
and Marcia Braundy, a graduate student in
UBC's Centre for the Study of Curriculum
and Instruction.
In computer science and information
technology courses, the participation of
female students is significantly below 50
percent, declining even more by Grade 12,
when the average is only 20 percent. While
total enrolments in the most popular
technology courses have dropped by 13
percent since 1987-88, the percentage of
girls increased by just over two.
Boning up on Safety and
■ Stumbling and falling is serious business
if you are a senior with poor bone
strength. Fractures in the elderly result not
only in physical and emotional hardship,
but also in considerable financial cost.
According to the Canadian Medical
Association Journal, the annual cost of
treatment for hip fractures alone is $280
million. Nearly 25,000 of these fractures
are related to osteoporosis, and many of
them are the result of falls.
To reduce the physical, financial and
emotional burden incurred by fractures,
investigators at UBC and bc Women's
Hospital and Health Centre are
conducting research that will help prevent
such injury in the elderly. Fracture Free bc
is a four-year program that focuses its
efforts on building bone strength and
preventing falls.
Investigators will study 300 women
aged 75 years and older who are at a
10   Trek   Summer 2001 major risk for falls and fractures. Risk
factors include muscle weakness, joint
stiffness, abnormal blood pressure, vision
problems, medications that impair balance,
and environmental hazards. But the
number one risk factor, of course, is
"Ours is the first prevention research
program to work with such a high-risk
group and take a holistic view of this
health problem," says Assistant Professor
Karim Khan of the department of Family
Practice and the school of Human Kinetics.
The multi-disciplinary team includes
Associate Professor Heather McKay of the
school of Human Kinetics, Assistant
Professor Janice Eng of the school of
Rehabilitation Sciences and Tom Oxland,
associate professor of Orthopedics.
Starting next year, the subjects,
identified in cooperation with bc Women's
Hospital and Health Centre, will be
referred for testing at the UBC Bone Health
Laboratory in the school of Human
Physiotherapists will provide them
with home instruction on exercise,
occupational therapists will offer tips in
making the home fall-proof, and family
practice physicians will help minimize use
of medications associated with falling.
Depending on the study's results, the
program may expand to include all seniors
at risk.
As baby boomers age, treating
fractures in elderly people represents an
enormous economic burden, says Khan.
"We're fighting a war against physical
inactivity and a lifespan approach to
better bone health is a powerful weapon,"
he says.
Winning Law Teams Make Their
Case Heard
P UBC's Law faculty has plenty to
celebrate. Not only did students scoop
three of six national moot competitions
this year, they also won numerous
individual honours. UBC teams took first
place in the Corporate/Securities
competition and the Wilson and Jessup
National Moot Competitions in February.
Two of the teams went on to compete
internationally in Washington, dc, and
New Zealand. The Client Counselling
team came an impressive second to a team
ti om Queen's University, Ireland, but UBC
has won this category more often than any
other university in the history of the
competition. The Jessop team placed in the
top eight.
For the members of the Wilson team,
it was well worth the effort. Named for
Baby Talk Not for Everyone
Researchers are now taking cultural background into account
when they listen to how adults communicate to children. A
survey of 97 Chinese-Canadian and western mothers in
Vancouver conducted by UBC's school of Audiology and
Speech Sciences uncovered different beliefs and practices for
language interactions with children.
"Cultural differences become
particularly important when children have
learning disorders," says Prof. Judith
Johnston who conducted the study with phd
student Mei Yin Wong.
Speech language pathologists work with
parents on interaction patterns that foster
language learning with their children. To
date, advice to parents has largely been
based on research with western families,
which ignores cultural influences. Chinese-
speaking Canadians are the second-largest
client base for speech language pathologists
in Vancouver after English speakers.
The survey's researchers found that
more Chinese-Canadian parents believe that
young children learn best with instruction
and they should be encouraged to
communicate with words rather than
Babies Talk Culture Judith Johnston
Audiology and Speech Sciences,
studies infant needs.
gestures. Western mothers, on the other hand, felt using baby
talk can hamper a child's language learning and that children
should be included in conversations with adults outside the
Picture books or flash cards are favoured among Chinese-
Canadian mothers. Western practices include
reading a storybook at bedtime, talking about
what happened during the day and repeating
what the child says while adding new words to
build language skills.
"This information has real clinical
implications," says Johnston, a developmental
psychologist as well as a speech language
pathologist. "We can help Chinese-Canadian
families find practices from within their culture
that will have the same effects." For example,
storytelling in a Chinese-Canadian family might
replace book reading in a Western family.
Johnston and Wong consulted with child
language scholars, speech language pathologists
and social workers from both cultural groups.
The survey was developed in both languages.
According to a recent study, about three to five
percent of young Canadian children have
language learning difficulties.
Summer 2001   Trek   11 pjiMt FFiftT""»N<;      «VORiPWir"=
Welcome to our second issue of Trek Magazine.
As your new Alumni Association President, I am excited
about the coming year. Having served as chair of our
Branches committee over the past two years, I have been
fortunate to meet many of our alumni, and I look forward to
meeting as many of our members as possible over my term.
Together with our dedicated team of board members and
staff, I am committed to supporting our university and
providing enhanced services to our members.
One of the current hot-button issues at universities all
over North America is "alumni relations." It refers to the cultivation of a university's
graduates for reasons of fundraising, volunteer support, community involvement,
student recruitment and good will. Successful alumni relations is an essential part of a
successful university.
At UBC, the Alumni Association has been the traditional leader in cultivating the
university's graduates. We have offered and organized the majority of reunions on
campus, provided leadership in developing branches across Canada and around the
world, and made sure graduates far and wide were kept up to date on developments
at their alma mater.
We still do all those things, and more. As our graduate base has grown (we now
have upwards of 200,000 living members), it has become common for some of our
larger faculties (Medicine and Commerce, for example) to develop specific services for
their alumni. Many faculties now send out their own newsletters, and many have
become very proactive in reunion planning, volunteer recruitment and developing
relationships with government and community institutions. This has been a big
change in alumni relations at UBC, and has opened many opportunities for the
Alumni Association to develop strong collaborations with those faculties.
As experts in alumni relations, we are helping faculties deliver professional
services to their alumni. We recently initiated a professional practices group made up
of development and alumni officers from various faculties and units on campus. We
organize workshops and training sessions for this group to help them deal with the
challenges of alumni relations.
We have joined forces with the President's Office and International Relations to
enhance UBC's branches around the world. These collaborations have resulted in
tremendous advances in Hong Kong, China and Japan, and in Toronto, New York
and Los Angeles. Our Hong Kong branch recently celebrated its 20th anniversary, and
is so active that the Association, along with the faculty of Commerce, supports a full-
time office there.
All our other services, including the new online community, which has been
established in collaboration with the Vice President, Students' Office, and this
magazine which is produced by us to show alumni and friends the vast research
energy being generated by our university, are geared to enhance UBC, inform our
members, and involve them in the life of the university.
I hope you enjoy this issue of Trek Magazine. We welcome your comments and
suggestions for future issues.
- Greg Clark   bcom'86, LLB'89, President, UBC Alumni Association
Justice Bertha Wilson, the competition
revolves around charter issues of equality.
In the final, the team argued against the
University of Toronto before Supreme
Court Justice Louis Lebel on criminal code
provision for the protection of private
Team members (affectionately know as
the Wilson Mooters,) say winning both the
oral and written competitions was a real
bonus. They stayed up for three and four
days at a time and gave up December break.
Students Take Pharmacy Counselling
To Patients
#1 As part of the practical component of
their course, undergraduates in the faculty
of Pharmaceutical Sciences are conducting
a communications project that provides
pharmaceutical and health care information to the community. Students liaise
with disease support societies, businesses
and pharmacies to provide health-care
information in the form of reference
guides, booklets, videos or workshops.
"This is the first time students engage
in hands-on pharmacy counselling work,"
says Pharmaceutical Sciences Lecturer
Colleen Brady, who instructs the
professional practice course. "The
profession is changing to include more
consultation with patients," she says.
"Being in a dispensary counting out pills is
only part of the job. Community groups
are hungry for accessible advice."
One group of students recently gave a
presentation to about 25 seniors with
diabetes. The students, who dubbed
themselves the Diabetics Consulting
Group, engaged the audience with a
diabetes trivia game and also created a
video on new diabetes research.
According to group members Kal
Biling, Jessie Lau and Jenn Stotyn, the
project's highlights were talking directly to
people and feeling helpful.
Students repeat their presentations to
classmates at the end of the course. ♦
12   Trek   Summer 2001 ALUMNI ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS 2001
Alumni Award of Distinction
Beverley McLachlin LLD'90, Supreme Court
Judge and author of numerous legal
Beverley McLachlin brought her expertise
and wisdom back to the classroom at UBC's
faculty of Law. She is being recognized for her
contributions to society through the justice
system and her contribution to UBC and the
university's law students.
Rill Millerd cm, BA'65, Managing Director of
the Arts Club Theatre for 28 seasons.
Bill Millerd established the Mainstage and
Revue theatres on Granville Island and
produced and directed more than 300 plays,
many of which were premieres of new Canadian
Outstanding Young Alumnus Award
Dorothy C. Fairholm BA'85, msc'88, Chair, BC
Association of Speech-Language Pathology.
Ms. Fairholm helped establish a program
for people with ochlear implants, and set up the
first assisted hearing device centre. She has
received many awards for her work in the field.
Each year the UBC Alumni Association recognizes graduates and others
associated with the university who have distinguished themselves through
personal accomplishment and volunteer activity. This year, award
recipients will be honoured at a gala dinner at the Waterfront Centre on
September z8, 2001.
The Association is proud to acknowledge those men and women who
have contributed so much to our society and used their time and talents to
further the interests of the university.
Lifetime Achievement Award
Russell Ewen "Doc" Nicoll bsc(agr)'3 8,
entrepreneur, inventor, administrator and
A bona fide polymath, Doc Nicoll invented
powdered eggs, served as head of Agriculture
Canada, wrote for the Nanaimo Times for io
years, represented Canada (twice) on the
National Lacrosse Team and continues to be a
leading authority on real property taxation.
Outstanding Student Award
Katharine Smart BA'96, md'oi
Katharine Smart has achieved high
academic success and shown strong leadership
skills during her time as a UBC student. She
focuses much of her effort on issues of international health care. She was a summer research
student with the Red Cross War Memorial
Children's Hospital in South Africa, coordinated
Project Guatemala, and is a member of the
Medical Outreach Research Elective program.
She is the recipient of numerous awards and
scholarships, and has presented at eight
conferences in Canada and abroad.
Alumni Award for Research
Robert W. McGraw md'6o, Professor of
Orthopaedics, UBC.
Dr. McGraw teaches Surgery of Arthritis,
Hand Surgery and Joint Replacement Surgery.
Summer 2001   Trek   13 Youlre invited to the?
7th Annual
AUummas AckLurws I
(September 28, 2001,
(tdtfiaimiont QtHatevfttont
fables ofj 8 at $1,000
c~y)ndwi$ual tickets at $125
Call 604 8ZZ 3313 for more information on- ticketing und sponsorship
opportunities. Ticket prices include QST.
Net proceeds will be used to support UBC students.
The men und women are have
chosen to recoanvze this year are
aood examples ofthe calibre of UBC
aroAuates and our friend* in the
comnuuuty. They are high achievers
diverse fields, dedicated volunteers,
inspired teachers, aoocl citizens. We are
proud to present thewb to you- at the
seventh annual celebration of alumni
achievement. The dinner brings alumni,
students, faculty and community leaders
together to toast UBC, its graduates and
its supporters. It's an evening well spent.
Thanhs to all our sponsors for their
continued support.
You invested in your future at UBC.
Let your Alumni Association
help protect your investment.
• Member and Spouse Term Life Insurance *
• Income Protection Disability Insurance •
• Major Accident Protection *
• Child Life & Accident Insurance •
...all specially-priced for UBC alumni
Call toll-free for your enrolment kit today!
1 888 913-6333
or e-mail am_service@manulife.com
or contact Bruce McRae,
your UBC Alumni Association Insurance Consultant at:
1 604 734-2732
Underwritten by:
UB Manulife Financial
The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company
c t i o n
Your participation helps support:
[Jg£    University of
P~tv~i   British Columbia
\g/k)   Alumni Association
Affo rd a b
The Manufacturers Life Insurance Company
Recapture the glory of your days at the University of British Columbia witli ihe UBC Alumni
Association Platinum Plus'" or Preferred MasterCard* credit cards. They're the only credit cards
that support the University of British Columbia Alumni Association. Every time you use your
card to make a purchase, you help generate funding for alumni programs—at no additional cost
co you! Plus, with No Annual Fee and a low introductory annual interest rate on cash advance
cheques and balance transfers, if you make your minimum monthly payments on time, your UBC
Aiumni credit card can even save you money!
Choose the card that's good for you and for the University. Request your University of British Columb
Alumni Association Platinum Plus or Preferred MasterCard today.
Quote Priority Code AOAZ
14   Trek   Summer 2001 ALUMNI ACHIEVEMENT AWARDS 2001
Chuck Slonecker
(with wife Jan)
^^^L                        ^
W**^   '"is'  ^B
F •«* Ji
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He introduced total hip replacement surgery at
VGH in 1967 and was first to use silicone
implant arthroplasty for the hand. He
developed the world's first computerized
tourniquet system and the first voice-intelligent
limb manipulator for the operating room. He
has presented 85 papers in Canada and abroad,
and has received many awards.
Honorary Alumnus Award
Charles E. Slonecker
Chuck started teaching at UBC in 1968 as an
assistant professor in Dentistry and became
head of Anatomy in 1981. He was honoured
for his excellence as a teacher in 1996 with the
Killam Prize. He has been prominent on many
university boards and committees, and served
on the Board of Directors of the Alumni
Association for many years. He also served as
Director of Ceremonies for more than 10 years,
presiding over countless university functions
including every graduation ceremony since
Dagmar Kalousek, Professor of Pathology and
Laboratory Medicine.
Dagmar Kalousek has been an associate
member of the department of Medical
Genetics since ^77. She is director of the
Embryofeto-pathology lab at Children's
Hospital, and has maintained an active
research and teaching schedule for 22 years.
Her work in prenatal diagnosis and perinatal
medicine has led to new developments in
diagnosis and treatment.
Branch Volunteer Service Award
Eddy Su-Whay Ng BCOM'94, currently a PHD
student at McMaster.
Ed took command of revitalizing the
Toronto branch of the Alumni Association.
Under his leadership, the branch became one of
the most active in the organization. He directed
the renewal of the membership database and
created a branch web site.
Faculty Citation Community Service Award
Roopchand Seebaran ba'6o, Bsw'63, Msw'65,
Assistant Professor, School of Social Work.
As a pioneer of social work education,
Roopchand introduced Social Development
Studies as a graduate program at UBC, and
furthered the cause of social work education
across the country.
Blythe Eagles Volunteer Leadership Award
Martin Zlotnik bcom'66, LLB'69, entrepreneur
and philanthropist.
Martin brought the PGA tour to Vancouver,
a non-profit tournament which helps raise
millions of dollars for various charities, and
features some of the world's outstanding
professional golfers. He volunteered and was
accepted by UBC's president to serve on various
athletic committees. Martin also works with the
annual UBC Thunderbird Golf Society, now a
popular invitational tournament. He was a
driving force behind the Millennium Breakfast,
which raises money to support student athletes.
Martin is chair of the Thunderbird Council and
a member of the Advisory Board to the
Wesbrook Society.
Summer 2001   Trek   15 LOVE   IT
In June 1995, amid much media interest and public celebration, the Morris and Helen Belkin Art Gallery
opened on the Main Mall at the University of British Columbia. Designed by Peter Cardew and built with
a donation from Helen Belkin and a matching grant from the province, the sleek, white, modernist building
began attracting architectural awards even before its opening. With its soaring walls, high windows tilted
skyward, arching metal ceiling (industrial chic meets medieval cathedral — asymmetrically), expansive exhibition space, commodious administrative offices, meeting rooms, reading room, archives, art storage, and
preparation areas, the 1,300-square-metre building was a beyond-quantum leap from the old UBC Fine Arts
Remember that dark, difficult and bunker-like space in the basement of Main Library that housed the
gallery since 1949? Remember those low ceilings? Remember that peek-a-boo viewing experience through
the forest of metal girders? For decades, curators had been struggling to mount exhibitions within those
oppressive walls, and with nearly no operating budget. Nevertheless, under the successive visions of Alvin
Balkind, Ann Pollock, Glenn Allison, and Scott Watson (who was hired as curator in 1989 and became
director/curator in 1990), the UBC Fine Arts Gallery had built a reputation for experimentation and innovation, although on a modest scale. The new gallery allowed for the launch of a much more ambitious exhibition program.
The last show in the old facility, a survey of drawings by the great West
Coast modernist, Jack Shadbolt (1909-1998), gave a melancholy farewell
to a place and an era. The opening exhibition in the new Belkin Gallery
(contemporary paintings, drawings and prints by First Nations artist
Lawrence Paul Yuxweluptun) was more confrontational, an aggressive
hello to a contemporary space and time. Yuxweluptun represents a new
generation of artists, both political and uncompromising. His work deals
with issues of land claims, Native spirituality, fishing and hunting rights,
logging practices and environmental degradation. It challenges our attitudes toward both art and culture.
Perhaps that challenge and discomfort set the tone for the Belkin's
exhibition program. The gallery has given us very little in the way of glib,
slick or facile viewing — nor, considering its mandate, should it be
expected to. "The mandate of the gallery is to research, exhibit, collect,
publish and educate in the field of contemporary art," says Watson, who
participated in the planning of the new facility, and is responsible for its
exhibition program. He has produced shows of cutting-edge art by local,
Emily Carr: Reforestation
The Belkin Art Gallery has been praised as a promoter and interpreter of contemporary artistic expressio.
16   Trek   Summer 2001 . ^
 - ■
■     "...                                                                        .         ■
1 w
 ^—W m-                                                              *i"
.     _„
3nes Martin: Untitled # 51985
The Innocence of Trees, a 1995 exhibition, focused on the
similarities between the art of Emily Carr (opposite page)
and the art of Agnes Martin (above), whose abstract
works depict fine, faint, repetitive lines and grids.
and criticized as an academic, elitist purveyor of inaccessible modern art.   BY    ROBIN    LAURENCE
Summer 2001   Trek   17 ART FOR WHOSE SAKE?
national and international artists, from
Vancouverites Kelly Wood, Ron T'erada and
Rodney Graham to Montreal artist Genevieve
Cadicux, American Ed Ruscha and Cuban Tonel.
Those who saw the Belkin's 1997 show of
prints, drawings and water colours by the 19th-
century French artist Theodore Gericault, subtitled
The Alien Body: Tradition in Chaos, might wonder
how historic art fits into the gallery's contemporary program. "There's another clause in the mandate that includes new or innovative approaches to
art's historical issues," Watson explains. Gericault
had a powerful influence on the development of
European Romanticism. His scenes of war, social
injustice and political scandal often employed
human figures and horses in scenes of violent
struggle as symbols of his tumultuous times. Co-
curated by Watson and UBC art historians Serge
Guilbaut and Maureen Ryan, and accompanied by
a major catalogue, the exhibition viewed his life
and work through a contemporary lens. Rather
than focusing on aesthetic or stylistic developments, the curators and essayists looked at
Gericault's work as social history, and used current-day cultural theory to comment on colonialism, industrialization and the representation of the
human body. These are familiar themes in the theory-driven and issue-oriented world of contemporary art, though they're often couched in terms the
non-professional is unlikely to understand.
Whatever the impact of its post-modern positioning, however, the Gericault show was one of the
most popular in the Relkin's history.
Watson adds, with an ironic chuckle, that
there is another aspect to the gallery's mandate:
"We are to avoid the known and the fashionable."
There's certainly ample space for interpretation in
that little clause. Known by whom? Fashionable
according to whose standards? "I like it there,"
says Watson of the wording. "I think it's very
eccentric." Eccentric or not, nowhere is it mandated that curators and guest curators at the Belkin
are obliged to please viewers, or to attract a wide
audience by showing popular or accessible art, or
to make tough art comprehensible or even palatable to a non-academic public.
Contemporary art is often predicated on theory or on the impulse to provoke and unsettle, and
sometimes uses unusual tools — from videotape to
popsicle sticks — and may not meet popular
expectations of what visual art ought to be. Not
surprisingly, there have been complaints and
grumblings about the Belkin's exhibition program.
The art is too difficult, some gallery-goers claim,
and the ideas proposed are too arcane. There
aren't enough explanatory labels or panels to help
viewers understand the work, add some critics.
The essays accompanying the exhibitions are
couched in obscure cultural theory and written in
impenetrable jargon, others charge. "Too damn
bad," say the Belkin's defenders — or words to
thai effect.
Vancouver Art Gallery senior curator Ian
Thorn lauds the Belkin for presenting "challenging
exhibitions that address both interesting historical
and contemporary issues." He's quite aware that
these shows "have been done from a more academic and intellectual position than from a populist position," but comments that favouring the
academic over the popular makes sense in the
gallery's university setting. "The Belkin has always
been considered a centre for study," he says. Still,
he qualifies this remark with the dry observation
that some of the exhibitions "haven't worked as
well as you might have liked." He cites particularly The Innocence of Trees, a 1995  exhibition,
The collection's here not just for the interest of scholars and researchers. It is to animate and edify the
18   Trek   Summer 2001 Theodore Gericault (1791-1824): Cavalry Battle 181t
The curators and essayists looked at Gericault's
work as social history, and used current-day cultural
theory to comment on colonialism, industrialization
and the representation of the human body.
guest curated by David Bellman, that tried to point
out the similarities between the art of Emily Carr,
whose emphatic and expressive depictions of the
West Coast rain forest are familiar to many, and
the art of Agnes Martin, whose abstract works
depict very fine, faint, repetitive lines and grids. "I
think in the final analysis, it wasn't convincing,"
Thorn says. "But on the other hand, it was interesting to have a space where you could put this
work together."
Elizabeth Kidd, former chief curator of the
Edmonton Art Gallery and now a community art
specialist at the Roundhouse Community Centre,
has also found some of the Belkin's shows perplexing. She notes, though, that different institutions
use art in different ways, to achieve different ends
and to reach different audiences. "The Belkin
Gallery has a very particular target audience of art
students, artists and others who are familiar with
the language of contemporary art." As a result
there's no effort to do much explaining of the work
on display.
Watson confirms that the university campus is
the Belkin's primary public, followed by the local
art community. "And there's a national and international audience who follows what we do," he
says, in reference to the Belkin's touring exhibitions. As an award-winning example of contemporary West Coast architecture, the Belkin Gallery
also attracts design-minded tourists and visitors.
And as for the art's being difficult, well,
Watson says he hopes it is. He admits, however,
that he's conflicted about the value of instructional
panels as viewing aids. "I've moved from the position that I once held, that there shouldn't be any
didactics in a gallery space at all," he says. "My
reasoning was that the texts you read in galleries
are usually not very helpful, and that they offer an
e   campus, Scott Watson explains, paraphrasing former UBC Fine Arts department head B.C. Binning.
Summer 2001   Trek  1 > ART FOR WHOSE SAKE?
unnecessary, interfering mediation between the
work of art and the audience.
"When we did the Gericault show, I didn't
want any text in the space," Watson recalls.
However, at the insistence of Serge Guilbaut, he
says, each work had an extensive label, setting
forth a social, cultural and political context. "It
keyed you into what it was you were looking at,
and then left you on your own, aesthetically,"
he says, adding that he learned a lot from that
With the Belkin's contemporary program,
however, he believes that the essays the gallery
publishes (available as handouts at the reception
desk) are sufficient background to the art. He cautions, perhaps a bit sardonically, that "an essay
may not be an adequate vehicle, because it requires
that the person read it." And he reiterates his feelings about instructional panels: "Contemporary
works tend to incorporate the space they're in as a
part of the work. They're installations. And if you
start putting texts in there, you're defacing the
"If the gallery's mandate is to do research, to
explore new avenues, to publish and, as a side
product, do exhibitions, then fine," says Kidd.
Still, she adds, the Belkin's visitors may well wonder what the purpose of the place and its exhibitions might be. Perhaps the gallery's mandate
should be posted in a conspicuous spot in the facility, she says, such as in the reception area (not,
heaven forbid, in the exhibition area).
Another part of the mandate is collecting, an
area in which the Belkin, through Watson, is exerting its own peculiar aims and sensibilities. The
gallery is responsible for the university's collection
of more than 2,000 art works, many of them currently on rental or loan to offices and meeting
places throughout the university. "The collection's here not just for the interest of scholars and
researchers. It is to animate and edify the campus," he explains, paraphrasing former Fine Arts
department head B.C. Binning (1909-1976).
Until the 1970s the collection was built primarily through gifts from faculty, alumni and
others who had an affiliation with UBC. "It grew
through donations, much like that of other university collections, until very recently," he says.
"It grew without a professional body monitoring
what was being accepted, until some time in the
'70s." As a result, the collection is very diverse,
including significant and highly relevant works
by outstanding West Coast modernists such as
Carr, Lawren Harris, Jock Macdonald and
Binning. It also includes amateur drawings and
watercolours, mediocre examples of art from
Europe and Great Britain, odd pieces of furniture, fabric, maps, scrolls, armour, brass rubbings
— and a painted plaster bust of the young
Abraham Lincoln. Watson looks at the Lincoln
bust, stored in the Belkin's art vault, and sighs.
"We've got some deaccessioning to do."
During his tenure Watson has developed a
more coherent collection policy, and seen the
expansion of the acquisitions budget from nearly
nothing to $100,000 annually. Although the collection mandate is broadly one of acquiring contemporary art, the focus is post-war art of this
region. Gifts are still an essential part of the
acquisitions process. The Belkin has the best Jack
Shadbolt collection of any institution as a result
of two big donations. The first was a gift of 180
drawings (virtually the whole 1995 drawing
show) from Shadbolt's widow, Doris Shadbolt.
The second was a bequest from the estate of writers Wilfred and Sheila Watson.
Amateur drawings and watercolours, mediocre examples of art from Europe and Great Britain, pieces of furniture,   fa
10   Trek   Summer 2001 _awrence Paul Yuxweluptun: Untitled, 1997
Yuxweluptun represents a new generation of
artists, both political and uncompromising. His
work deals with issues of land claims, Native
spirituality, fishing and hunting rights, logging
practices and environmental degradation.
Among Scott Watson's particular interests is a history of Vancouver's avant-garde, including performance
art, mail art, installation and video from the 1960s,
with national and international acquisitions that relate
to it. The Belkin's burgeoning archival collection also
contributes to the history of the avant-garde, including
a collection of concrete poetry put together by the late
Toronto curator Peter Day, and papers and artworks
from the estate of the noted art historian and cultural
theorist Kenneth Coutts-Smith. The Belkin also houses
the Morris/Trasov Archive, which contains the largest
collection of mail art and related correspondence in
Canada. It is made up of more than 10,000 papers, artifacts, correspondence and artists' ephemera of former
Western Front artists Michael Morris and Vincent
Trasov and documents their activities between 1968 and
1980. The archive is both a work of art and a tool for
Currently, plans are afoot to open an exhibition
site in downtown Vancouver. The university has laid
claim to gallery space at 555 Hamilton Street, recently
vacated by the Contemporary Art Gallery. Once
downtown, the Belkin could expand its collaborations
with other galleries and artist-run centres, attract a
larger public, and accommodate projects arising from
the university's new curatorial studies program (scheduled to begin in September 2001). Watson speculates
that the Belkin's university facility could become a centre for researching and exhibiting the collection,
revealing its many stories.
The Belkin is also poised to launch a newspaper-
format magazine of critical writing, edited by Watson
and poet Deanna Fergusson and titled Last Call. It
would contain reviews of shows and commentaries
about the visual art scene in Vancouver and elsewhere.
Perhaps the new magazine will be as challenging in
its content as the Belkin's exhibition program. And perhaps viewers will learn to love that challenge. ♦
e, fabric, maps, scrolls, armour, brass rubbings — and a painted plaster bust of the young Abraham Lincoln.
Summer 2001   Trek  21 letters
The first issue of Trek generated a mostly
positive response from readers, who gave a
thumbs up for the new design and
increased content. We welcome your comments, and may print your letters unless
you ask us not to. Please note that letters
may be edited for length.
Dear Editor:
Congratulations on your excellent new
magazine Trek. The information on
current academic thought and research is
just what we retired alumni appreciate. I
found your first issue to be interesting and
Phoebe Hamilton bed'66
Dear Editor:
Congratulations on Trek. I like the new
look and content and (for the first time) I
read every page.
I was particularly interested in "The
Striptease Project" about Becki Ross'
our readers writ
research. I met her several years ago when
my daughter-in-law was studying women's
studies and I sat in on one of her classes.
I look forward to your next issue.
Dale Brandt BED'67, dip(ed)'87
Dear Editor:
In the first edition of Trek the president
notes that research drives UBC. She also
St a
work  .   .
and play
Conferences and
at The University of British Columbia
In our forest by the sea. We offer the best range of affordable
accommodation, meeting space and conference services
in the Lower Mainland. Come find out why.
■,961 Student Jnion Boulevard
Vancouver   BC  V6T 2C9
Tel 604 822 1000
Fax 604 822 1001
notes that UBC attracts more funding than
any other university in Western Canada.
Considering recent revelations about
how the federal government indiscriminately distributes our tax dollars this
seems a hollow boast — especially so
when a lead article in Trek notes that a
rant for $51,000 was received for
research into the history of burlesque
and stripping.
It makes one wonder how many other
grants that UBC receives are for similar
purposes, and what potential donors think
of grant funds being used in this way.
I recall that UBC used to be more
discriminating about the research that
it backed.
I must admit however that if I were
an engineering student at the present time I
would be an enthusiastic applicant to be a
research assistant in this project.
Norman Goode BASC'41
Dear Editor:
I was very interested in the article on the
Great Trek, which appeared in the Spring
2000 edition of Trek. I am the widow of
Ab Richards (leader of the "Build the
University" campaign) and often visited
the campus with him for UBC anniversary
I heard his recollections of the Great
Trek many times and he made a recording
for the oral history of the university, which
may have been used in the preparation of
the article. I also have a replica of the
cairn, which was given to my husband
when he received the Great Trekker award
in 1963.
Margaret Richards
Dear Editor:
Congratulations on Trek — both the idea
and the execution are great! When it first
arrived I was a bit concerned at the apparent disappearance of The Chronicle, but its
incorporation into Trek is very clever. The
university now has an organ and the alumni will receive more information about the
present role of the university.
Long may Trek and its editor flourish!
Beryl March BA'42, msc(agr)'6z, dsc'88
22   Trek   Summer 200' a
i fed my nine year old a genetically modified organism for breakfast
this morning. Frosted Flakes, her favourite cereal, is made from corn
and also includes traces of soybean. Significant portions of both crops
in North America are planted in genetically modified varieties to aid in
weed and insect control.
There's nothing on the package indicating the contents contain a gm
foodstuff and even if there were, I doubt I would have read it. When
you're buying Frosted Flakes, nutritional information is hardly your
top priority.
It's not that I'm uninformed when
it comes to the subject of biotechnology. As an agricultural reporter, I've
interviewed some of its top cheerleaders and chief critics, attended
scientific seminars that made my head ache and written dozens of stories. What I haven't done is take sides.
That has less to do with any journalistic credo of objectivity
than the fact each side of the debate has important points to make.
But after reading the 285-page Royal Society of Canada report on
the regulation of food biotechnology, I'm more willing to take a
position. Theirs.
Brian Ellis, co-chair of the panel and a professor in the
faculty  of Agricultural   Sciences  and  the  Biotechnology
Laboratory at UBC, supports the science, but says it needs to
be examined more carefully and brought forward more cautiously. He disagrees with those who argue it is simply an extension of
conventional plant and animal breeding. "Genetic engineering has the
potential  to  transform  the  face  of the  planet  in  ways  that  we
probably haven't seen from a single technology except the internal
combustion engine," he says. If that's true, you might wonder why
it took more than a decade (and upwards of 70 percent of grocery
store products containing GM
The Royal Society of Canada recently convened an expert panel to
examine the future of food biotechnology, better known as genetically
modified organisms, or GMO. Their report, released in February of this
year, says, in essence, that the cow has already left the barn, so we
might as well carry on with GMO development. But it also says, in
strong terms, that proper testing procedures are not in place to ensure
the safety of consumers or the environment. Industry and government
must move on these safety issues to avoid disaster. BY SCOTT YATES
ingredients) before a group of
Canadian  scientists was called
upon to produce such a report.
Ellis   calls   it   the   sober   second
thought   syndrome   and   suggests
that, like nuclear power, the enormous benefits predicted from genetic
engineering   at   first   concealed   its
potential pitfalls.
"There  wasn't   a  great  deal  of
thought turned to the secondary implications, both in a biological and
socio-economic sense.  It was only when the technology got well
entrenched and particularly when the products penetrated the food
supply system at such speed, that there started to be ripples of concern," he says.
CAUGHT OFF GUARD I Canada is the world's third largest producer
of GM crops following Argentina and  the United States.  And the
number of different plant-transgene combinations tested in Canada
continues to rise, from 40 in 1990 to 178 in 2000. Although genetically
engineered crops are the focus of the debate today, the rsc report pre-
Summer 2001   Trek   23 > BREAKFAST OF CHAMPIONS
diets it won't be long before genetically
altered dairy, swine, poultry and fish will be
commercially available.
The report, which endorses the
continued development of gmos, criticized
the lack of adequate testing on these
organisms before they are used in the
agricultural industry. With additional
examination, which would include more
thorough testing, the report gives its
conditional blessing to gm products.
According to BioteCanada, an
industry organization representing both
pharmaceutical and agricultural biotechnology companies, the next big leap will
blur the line between agriculture and health as
plants are used to manufacture drugs and proteins.
For the record,
BioteCanada was not
pleased by the Royal
Society report. Eileen Inrig,
director of communications for the industry
group, says the panel misinterpreted its mandate
and implied changes were needed to a system that already includes many of its recommendations.
"We already have a system in place
that thoroughly assesses food product
safety, nutritional quality and also looks at
health and environmental safety," she says.
Canada's federal government wasn't
all that delighted by the report, either.
What bothered them most, Ellis says, is the
implication the regulatory system is nonrigorous and not sufficiently cautionary.
"They were very much caught off
guard," he says. "They weren't expecting
such a critical treatment of the technology-"
Academics have also come out swinging. Douglas Powell, assistant professor
and director of the Food Safety Network
at Guelph, focused largely on reference
omissions, but his criticism also reflects
comments from other scientists, mostly in
the fish-farming field, who question the
RCS's scientific approach. But it is not
surprising that those with ties to companies or agencies actively funding research
into gm products would launch defensive
salvoes against any government document
that threatened their economic health. In
fact, environmental groups, which have
been waging a relentless battle against
gmos, had expected the 15-member panel
of scientists to whitewash the technology.
In general, they breathed a sigh of relief
when they saw its conclusions.
Pat Mooney is executive director of
the Winnipeg-based Rural Advancement
Foundation International, a group campaigning to slow the genetic engineering
revolution. Opposed to the current genera-
Area planted in 2000
Crops Grown
[millions of acres]
soybean, corn, cotton, canola
soybean, corn, cotton
soybean, corn, canola
tion of gmos in the field, he says the rsc
report was much better than he had
I met Mooney when he spoke to a
group of North American agricultural
journalists who gathered in Winnipeg two
years ago. No Ludditc, Mooney finds the
technology itself fascinating. His opposition is largely based on the fact it is being
controlled by a handful of companies
interested in improving their bottom line.
That's not safe, he says.
"We expected (the rsc panel) to give
their blessings to gmos with a few notes
of caution, but to say it was pretty good
science. The amount of reservations and
doubts expressed were a shock," he says,
adding that it went a long way towards
restoring his confidence in scientific
confused over the issue of gm foods,
you're not alone. Carl Douglas, a faculty
member and chair of the UBC's Botany
department, says he'd be confused, too, if
all he received was the fragmentary, highly
politicized information apportioned to the
"The people who argue in favour of
the technology are viewed as having a vested interest and shouldn't be trusted, versus
those who argue against it, who are seen
as having a very narrow view and don't
understand or choose not to understand
it," he says.
What are gmos? They are living
organisms — bacteria, plants or animals —
which have been genetically engineered by
the insertion of a foreign gene. The science
is controversial because
these genes can be transferred across what many
believe are unnatural
boundaries, producing
organisms not possible
through conventional
means. For example, scientists can put a gene that
allows a fish to endure
extremely cold ocean temperatures, into a strawberry plant, theoretically making the plant less
susceptible to frost.
You haven't eaten a fish-aided, frost
resistant strawberry, but unless you have
been living alone in the woods, you have
consumed a gm food. Even those who only
buy organic produce are unlikely to be
exempt from the Brave New World of
gmos. Besides the likelihood of having
sipped a latte made with milk produced
from cows injected with bovine growth
hormone, North Americans have been eating cheese made with genetically altered
bacteria, called chymosin, for 10 years.
Rennet, an enzyme which aids the
clotting process of cheese production, used
to be derived by scraping the inside of
calves stomachs. In the 1980s, however,
scientists inserted the gene for rennet
production into bacteria. Today, that bacteria, chymosin, churns out the vast majority of rennet necessary for the manufacture
of cheese. It is microbiologically cleaner,
24   Trek   Summer 2001 has a higher activity and its supply is not
dependent on the slaughter of calves in the
beef industry. Furthermore, Jewish rabbis
have approved cheese made with chymosin
as kosher, something that could never have
happened under ordinary circumstances,
given prohibitions against the intermingling of milk and meat.
Society of Canada panel identified three
areas of concern with gmos. They
• The potential risk to human, animal and
environmental health;
• The likelihood of concentrating the seed
industry into the hands of a few multinational companies resulting in rural farm community dislocation and
impacts to developing
world populations;
• A metaphysical debate
that genetic engineering
gives human beings
power over nature and is
deeply unethical.
ing, what it calls a "safety standard,"
which grants substantial equivalence only
if the organism is subjected to rigorous scientific testing. That's the sort of approach
it hopes regulators will take, but it was
clear that safety standard is not being met
today. Partly, that's due to the nature of
the regulatory system, but it also is the
result of our superficial understanding of
the way genetic systems interact. Put
another way, just because it looks like a
duck and quacks like a duck, doesn't make
it a duck. As a result of this observation,
the report urges far more scientific inquiry
than is currently conducted.
UBC's Douglas agrees science is a long
way from understanding biological
you should stay forever on the curb. There
is risk in everything. But we are a risk-taking species, and part of our progress stems
from dealing with the problems previous
technologies have created, not avoiding the
initial exposures. Consider cars. They have
created untold problems, smog and traffic
fatalities among them. Technology, however, has created parallel solutions: the
catalytic converter and air bags.
Risk, however, is as much about
choice as anything else. As Michael
McDonald, director of the Centre for
Applied Ethics at UBC says, it's one thing
to take a risk when you have some idea of
the possible outcome, entirely another
when you don't. Referring to settlers who
braved untold risks to settle
the West, he says, "They
knew what they were dealing
with. The evidence was there.
They brought their guns and
protected their livestock
against challenges they
thought they could foresee.
It's much harder to gauge the
risks when you don't know
Genetic engineering has the potential to transform the face of the planet in ways that
we probably haven't seen from a single technology except the internal combustion engine.
These issues can be addressed by what
is referred to as the precautionary principle. The io-page glossary that accompanies the panel's report defines the precautionary principle thus: "A regulatory
mechanism for managing environmental
and health risks arising from incomplete
scientific knowledge of a proposed activity's or technology's impact." Most of us
know it better as the advice we received
from our parents: "Better safe than sorry."
A great part of the RSC report is given
over to discussion of the precautionary
principle versus substantial equivalence,
the regulatory litmus test now in place for
the current generation of gmos.
Substantial equivalence means if a food is
judged to pose no more risk than its non-
gm counterpart, it is considered safe. The
panel, however, introduced another mean-
complexity. It's true scientists can't predict
how an organism will change at the cellular level when it's genetically altered. On
the other hand, he continues, that's really
not so new.
"Risk is constantly introduced into
the system," he says. "The question is, to
what extent is the risk additional or
different by applying these targeted genetic
engineering approaches."
Douglas leans to a substantial equivalence approach. "It boils down to what
level of risk one is willing to take. If one
prefers zero risk, then you shouldn't be
doing these things. But you shouldn't be
breeding plants either in that case."
He's right. The problem with a better-
safe-than-sorry approach is that safety is
never assured. If you need to be ioo percent sure of safety before crossing a street,
what the heck you're dealing with."
public would have been more willing to
assume the risk of gmos were it not for the
arrogance and incompetence of one particular biotech company. Although other
companies have made great errors in judgment and execution, notably Avcntis
CropScience with its Starlink corn, no article on gmos would be complete without
mentioning Monsanto.
A January 25, 2001 story in the New
York Times suggested problems over
genetic engineering began when Monsanto
abandoned its go-slow strategy of gm food
introduction. This approach, devised in the
early 1980s, involved dialogue with
opponents and other stakeholders. Instead,
as a result of its executive's devout sense of
Summer 2001   Trek   25 BREAKFAST OF CHAMPIONS
mission that Monsanto could change the
world while turning in stellar profits, the
company changed course.
Monsanto's introduction of the bovine
growth hormone to improve milk
production in 1986 was a public relations
nightmare. One scientist suggested it was
the equivalent of Thomas Edison
demonstrating electricity by using it to
power an electric chair instead of lighting
the first night baseball game.
Robert Shapiro, then head of
Monsanto's agricultural division, urged
faster progress and has since written that
the company learned there was a fine line
between "scientific confidence on the one
hand and corporate arrogance on the
other." In an essay published by
Washington University in St. Louis, he
wrote, "It was natural for us to see this as
a scientific issue. We didn't listen very well
to people who insisted that there were
relevant ethical, religious, cultural, social
and economic issues as well."
TRAITS TO COME I gm crops being
produced by farmers today all over the
world have one thing in common. They
directly benefit the companies that manufacture them and the farmers who use
them. As the rsc report put it:
"Because the first generation of gm
foods has been aimed largely at producing
food industry benefits (e.g., increased
yields, lower production costs), consumers
have yet to perceive direct benefits to them
from biotechnology in food production.
This has contributed to the perception that
gmos benefit large corporations that bear
few of the risks while providing little or no
benefits to consumers."
That's soon to change. In the pipeline
are food crops with controlled ripening,
altered flower colour, increased protein
content, reduced allergenicity, non-bruising
properties and higher vitamin and mineral
content. A recent example is golden rice.
Created by splicing a gene from daffodils
into rice plants, golden rice produces
carotene, the precursor of vitamin A. The
deficiency of vitamin A in Third World
countries is a direct cause of blindness for
hundreds of thousands of children each
year. If you think of the gm debate as a
football game, the golden rice advance was
a pass interception returned for a touchdown by a 14-point underdog. The
momentum shifted from the opponents of
the technology to its adherents. Environmental organizations, however, quickly
mounted their own offensive. They pointed out that to get the full benefit of golden
rice, a malnourished child would have to
eat seven pounds of it (dry weight) a day.
Greenpeace went so far as to file suit with
Advertising Standards Canada against a
commercial that trumpeted golden rice as
the answer for blindness for millions of
Greenpeace was able to score points
because the technology had been oversold.
Golden rice was never meant to solve the
vitamin A deficiency on its own. That
would be like getting all our nutritional
requirements from bananas. As a
supplement, however, it is an important
piece of the nutritional puzzle, and as
science, it points out what's possible.
DEATH BY BT I This strike/counterstrike
action is characteristic of the gm debate,
and is shown again in the controversy
surrounding the monarch butterfly. Some
corn and cotton varieties have had the
gene for Bacillus thuringiensis (Bt)
introduced into them. Bt is an insecticidal
toxin derived from a soil micro-organism
deemed safe to mammals and birds. The
monarch butterfly, which migrates from
central Mexico into the American midwest
and southern Canada, feeds on milkweed
which grows adjacent to corn fields. Corn
pollen can blow to these nearby milkweed
plants, coating their leaves. Research at
Cornell University indicated that
caterpillars fed a diet of milkweed coated
with Bt corn pollen die. News of the Bt
pollen/caterpillar deaths made headlines.
Since then, other just-as-credible scientists have argued that cutting back the
use of broad spectrum insecticides as a
result of incorporating Bt into corn actual
ly decreases butterfly mortality. They argue
that mortality can be even further reduced
by farmers planting borders and end rows
of non-GM corn to prevent drift onto adjacent milkweed. It cannot be denied, however, that companies selling Bt corn seed
failed in their scientific mission. Released
under the rubric of substantial equivalency,
it is obviously not. Had
companies conducted the simple Cornell
research, they would have known it.
Anyone observing these skirmishes
thinking they portend the direction of the
war, are mistaken. Evaluating gm foods on
a case by case basis is like hoping to
understand the plot of a Russian novel by
arbitrarily picking pages to read. The
issues surrounding the technology are
huge, much more nuanced and complicated than I had appreciated prior to reading
the rsc report. Because I focused on the
farmer's struggle, I failed to consider
nature's struggle, except as it impacted the
farmer. The threat to biodiversity as a
result of the superior weed eradication
techniques, for instance, could affect bird
populations that survive by eating the
weed seeds. Or as the report put it: "The
widespread use of broad spectrum
herbicides associated with herbicide resistant crops could potentially reduce plant
biodiversity with direct and indirect
influences on vertebrate and invertebrate
The report clearly sounds the alarm
that the quality and quantity of current
research is not sufficient to address these
questions. Detailed studies, it says, are
urgently needed to assess the impact of
large scale gm crops on the maintenance of
biodiversity in agricultural systems. Ellis
also argues that much more research must
take place to assess the impact of gmos on
the structure of the soil, what scientists call
the rhizosphere. It is perhaps the planet's
most complex habitat, but is not well
There is a question, however, of
whether there is the will or the money to
do the research required. One of the reasons Mooney was surprised by the report's
conclusions is that he believes funding
26   Trek   Summer 2001 methods have conditioned a whole generation of scientists to think that getting tax
dollars must be tied to industry objectives.
But research funding must come from
somewhere. Ellis believes because the
ultimate aim of genetic engineering is to
make money, "risk generators," otherwise
known as biotech companies, should bc
bearing the cost of assessing the scale and
implication of the risk. Industry funded
research, however, creates built-in bias.
Studies have already shown that scientists
tend to favour the people who pay their
Because humans have been engineering
crops for thousands of years (about the
last ioo using scientific methods discovered by Gregor Mendel), it is easier to
accept genetic manipulation of plants
than it is to accept moving genes from
animals into plants. The idea of transferring a fish gene into a strawberry plant
is fascinating from a scientific perspective, but it's a harder sell from a purely
much about biotechnology as they are
about certain implementations of it. Many
people object, in principle, to such
interventions as the cloning of human
beings or animals, the engineering of
cross-species chimeras (cat-rabbits, pigs
used to grow human organs for xenotransplantation, etc.). They would not
argue that all uses of biotechnology are
unnatural but would view these kinds of
uses as crossing fundamental lines of
moral acceptability."
Early on in the debate over genetic
for products that pose health and safety
concerns. But labelling, as the report says,
is also a socio-economic and political
issue having to do with the alleged right
of consumers to participate intelligently in
the marketplace and to exercise their purchasing power to support technologies
and industries they prefer. The absence of
labelling of gm products has reinforced
the perception that companies are hiding
information from the public, but the
panel nevertheless refused to endorse a
mandatory labelling scheme, strongly
supporting instead a voluntary one.
Ellis says there is a compelling need for
voluntary labelling focused on the public's need to know, not on safety issues.
In essence, if all of the recommendations made by the panel were implemented, there would be no need for
mandatory labelling because safety
risks would have been dealt with earlier in the process.
Ethics professor McDonald
commended much of the panel's finding,
but felt, on labelling, they missed the
How can we condone altering what only God has created?
But as a scientist said to me, such belief raises the question: Who has seen God's plan?
personal point of view. Aside from the
possible allergenicity component, there is
also a religious question. If a gene from an
animal prohibited by a certain religious
group is added to a plant, how can the
individual follow his religious doctrine,
especially since foods are not now
Engineering animals is more problematic still. Mankind may have domesticated
goats to serve our needs for meat and
milk, but does the world need genetically
altered goats that can excrete the protein
to make spider silk, a very strong lightweight fibre? Just because we can do these
things, does it mean we should? Or if we
accept the first rung on the ladder of
genetic engineering must we climb all the
rest? The panel put these misgivings this
way: "There is also a set of philosophical
and metaphysical concerns that are not so
engineering, the idea of playing God came
up frequently in meetings I attended. How
can we condone altering what only God
has created? But as a scientist said to me,
such belief raises the question: Who has
seen God's plan? While the Catholic
Church has had a positive reaction to
biotechnology, a group of religious leaders
including several rabbis, a Buddhist and an
Eastern Orthodox cleric have begun a
lawsuit in us courts to require labels on
any genetically engineered food in order to
avoid breaking the dietary restrictions
imposed by their religions.
brings us to the issue of labelling.
Although other countries, including the
eu and Japan, have implemented mandatory labelling of gm foods, the us and
Canada currently require labelling only
target. One of the reasons there is widespread approval of genetically engineered
medical therapies, he explains, is that
patients have some choice. When it comes
to gm food, that choice isn't available.
"If we were meeting the conditions
they prescribe in the report, I'd be happy
with their stance on labelling. Since we are
not, I would rather see it," he says. "I
think the industry has blown it on the
labelling issue."
I agree with McDonald. Labelling
and the controversy surrounding it has
obscured the science. But I also applaud
most of the panel's other 52 recommendations. Food — even Frosted Flakes —
is not just what fuels our bodies, it is
who we are. To treat it with any less
respect than we would want to be treated
ourselves is an arrogance we shouldn't
accept. ♦
imer 2001   Trek   27 fiction
To get an idea of the room's antiquity,
examine the moulding around the door -
the edges softened by coats of gray and
yellow and blue, and eggshell freshly laid -
exposed where I bumped it with a
speaker cabinet yesterday. And see where
the steep roof slices through a corner of
the L-shaped room to create a slope in the
ceiling and a shorter wall, where behind
the tasteful Christmas tree a truncated
door conceals Lucille's romance novels and
my Castanedas and Steinbecks. Over the
fireplace we display our first edition
Updikes, antiquarian oddities and a signed
A Spaniard in the Works. That Francis
Rattenbury built the house for his mistress
and was murdered in one of the bedrooms
gives the house verve and depth, and adds
ambiance to our parties. We feel lucky to
have it, the top floor, and we feel blessed
indeed to live in Victoria on its sunny
promontory by the sea. Lucille has a
T-shirt that says I live here, a pre-emptive
reaction to the pushy operators of horse-
drawn tours and the Queen Elizabeths
handing out butterflies and tiny monkey
brochures. Lucille is disdainful of the
tourists and their flypaper experiences, yet
she's employed in the industry herself. It's
a paradox not lost on her. Genius is the
ability to hold contradictions in the same
embrace. I don't know who said that first
but Lucille says it often enough. She has
a Master of Arts and is a receptionist at
the wax museum. Sometimes she'll sit
perfectly still as the wary sightseer
approaches, not knowing what to expect
or sure of what's real. They go into a
trance that slows time, and are startled
and relieved when she smiles at them.
We're all like that, we citizens of the
capital, superior to the gaudy visitor and
his fat camera. My contribution to the
guest list tonight is Elmer and Elvis, students like myself, though younger, expert
beer guzzlers who like Johnny Rotten and
Ionesco's Rhinoceros, though most of the
guests are Lucille's friends, writers with
day jobs, editors, curators, a professor.
And a woman I don't know, who is the
Trek   Summer 2001
Photograph by Chris Dah '
JP   *U^J>"   ^HT    ^PW"
v* Abfj^^ji^,;,
Summer 2001   Trek  29 THE INANIMATE WORLD
most striking individual I have ever seen.
I try to watch her without being
obvious, noticing the remarkable effect she
has on men, and matter. The chameleon
walls blush and armchairs quiver like
compass needles. A loose, sandy braid
dangles down the swell of her behind, and
interesting most of all is that her face isn't
pretty, but complex and magnetic. She
would have been a gangly stick of a child,
unaffected. Maturing, she would have been
distressed by her power to turn men into
stone. My chance comes when I see her
alone and absorbed in one of my e.e.
cummings, but something stops me from
going over, one too many beer perhaps,
though that wouldn't normally stop me.
It's that she's reading the book with the
tips of her fingers. Her eyes closed.
I get a beer and stand in the hall
conversing with my cigarette. Her name,
Susan Henry, I learn from another of
Lucille's new friends, an "out" socialist
and nondrinker, the one who brought the
Perrier. I glance around for Elvis, wanting
to tell him I found the culprit and that he's
pretty much as we speculated: shoulder
length curls and a bar mustache that hides
a serious lack of imagination. I nod and
encourage him to keep talking. Being a
rare good listener I make people interesting to themselves. Partway through his
story about meeting Lucille he bends over
to pick up a cigarette, which he hands to
me, apologetically, and I see the one I'm
smoking isn't where it was supposed to be.
Did I drop that? Clownish gravity to cover
my drunkenness, I urge him to continue,
but he can see that I despise him.
Lucille's and my records are blended,
with two of many, and of John Lennon's
first solo album three, as I've just
discovered, wondering who it belongs to,
with its impressed initials that point to a
precedent male. Lennon's solo stuff was
never uplifting and now that he's dead, it
impoverishes, hangs you up. I'm almost
tempted to put it on to see the effect, but
I'm caught by the pictures, the frightened
child Lennon and the unhappy leaning-on-
a-woman man, and I wonder why I know
more about him than I do about myself.
It's been two weeks since his slaying and
concussion still rings in our ears. Lucille's
best friend, Gillian, stoops beside me and I
can smell her workout, her Martha
Graham devotion, her lacking dancer's
body hanging over my shoulder; tactfully
she says, I love that one too, but maybe we
better not play it. I might cry. What she
means is that Lucille might cry, or worse. It
was a night like this when news of the
killing arrived like a drunk at a children's
party. The air became chilly and smelled
faintly of garbage, as though the walls had
vanished. Someone turned on the TV for
confirmation and an excitement began to
grow. Loss can be strangely invigorating.
Lucille was disgusted with her friends and
told them they had to leave, even though it
wasn't our party.
We agree on Joni Mitchell and with
my graphite brush I drag the slit for dust,
which is pretty much mostly human skin,
so they say. In spite of my skill at
balancing a turntable, and my steady hand,
the needle zippers over the first song and
halfway through the second. I find Susan
Henry leaning on the fridge, chatting in
blank verse. I induce her to move the few
inches I need to reach in for a beer, plant
myself in listening range and nod when I
detect a topic. Quite drunk, I watch her
finger orbit the rim of her wine glass and
listen to the tone.
Waves thrash and withdraw. Gaze into
the trough between strokes, see with a
painter's eye the emerald serpent, cold and
pentimento, the under drawing of hewn
blocks like giant steps of lost Atlantis. The
curved breakwater points a quarter mile
finger, though at what it aims can't be
known. Lucille shows me a joint, a
question to which I nod. Messed with by
the wind, we huddle and blow and I
become aware of my thoughts as we stroll
towards the light at the end, enjoying the
sensation of intelligence, though it doesn't
last. Collapsing into anxiety I wonder why
I smoke the shit. For some reason it's
essential. It strips from reality its covering
of sentimental aggravations and comfortable blindness, letting you see more clearly
a deeper blindness, exhilarating and nightmarish. Steadily the gray range across the
strait and the grim whitecaps march in.
Have we decided then? She asks.
Yes, I say, John, trying to wrench
myself out of the anodyne gloom. We are
not alone out here and I'm forced to adjust
my mask. I study them study me, a
trespasser in their thoughts. The concrete
base of the light provides a poor shelter.
The wind off the end of the jetty clashes
with the outgoing tide over the privilege of
being first, or last.
And if it's a girl, joni, I say, as I
discover my nose bleeding, which I dab
with the balled up tissue I find in my
The idea of having a child with Lucille
was sexy until it exploded like a suicide
bomber into untenable reality. But acceptance poured into the crater and my doubts
became transparencies, adding up to a
kind of skin. But I shouldn't have smoked
that joint; cold wisdom returns: Will I be
able to keep writing my futile poetry? And
my not-yet-ex-wife, how will it sit with her
and my first-born? Is it a betrayal to them?
If it is should I care? I swore I'd never bc
like my father and yet who am I? I'm
thinking too much. Anticipating baby
packs and diapers alarms me. I don't want
to be one of those lugs you see in the
supermarket. A new father is a pack
animal. Fear breaks over me. I have barely
self-esteem to get myself through a day let
alone two of us.
John or Joni it is, I say, bravely going
on fumes, just needing definition from
Lucille, some determination.
If you decide we keep it, she says,
stopping to look into my face, something I
realize she doesn't often do.
I thought it was decided, I say.
I want you to decide, she says.
Me? You want me to decide? I'm
shocked and I feel betrayed. Why?
30   Trek   Summer 2001 J want you to be sure that this is what
you want.
But sometimes what I want isn't what
I want, I try to explain.
You'd better figure it out.
Damn it, I gently say, meaning that
only a woman has those tools, or a soldier,
and I'm only a skillful fool that maneuvered himself to no choice. Please don't
take that away.
Twist and turn through neighbourhoods
ablaze with children, race along like a
couple of mice on a greeting card, quiet
mice, sad mice. It's early December and a
twelve-mile journey in my cartoon blue vw
Beetle that leaks carbon monoxide through
the heating vents to our new place at Lost
Lake. The abortion sits between us like an
extortionist; our objectivity withers. On
the outskirts of the city we stop at the iga
and push it around in a shopping cart; and
in Brentwood we go to the liquor store for
beer and wine and at the last corner, on
the edge of forest that time forgot, I buy
cigarettes and remember to get plenty of
ice. Gliding past the few neighbours, we
pull up on our designated patch and step
into the quiet air, smiling at each other.
This is good, the country is a balm to our
mutual detachment; though late at night
when local clatter settles, the city burbles
clearly in the distance, not escaped at all
but only shelved. Lucille fills bowls with
snacks and I stack the beer in the fridge.
She dresses like a vamp and I put on my
lumberjack shirt. Among the regulars
tonight the personal friend of a Nobel laureate is coming and a woman who was
briefly lovers with Trudeau. It's my job to
keep fire in the grare. And to not drink
too much.
Though I am watching for her, I don't
see Susan Henry arrive. She just materializes a piece at a time, first her voice, then
her body a few minutes later. I work a nice
dry piece of cherry into the flame. It was
one of our reasons for moving, a real
hearth, making all the difference to our
imperturbable love. I get some beer and
head out under the deck where Elmer and
Elvis are hovering and give them each one,
leaving two for me, one which I down and
the other drink quickly.
She's here, I tell them.
This party reminds me of Pinter,
Elmer says.
There's no one, says Elvis, spraying
beer, I repeat, no one, not in this country
at any rate, who knows more about the
Pinter pause than I do. Pausing, he
finishes, Seriously.
Three-point-two seconds, Elmer says.
I want female companionship, so I
hunt down Gillian and take her to the
yard to see my newly sprouted pot plant.
But the porch light doesn't reach that far
so we go up on the landlord's deck and
stare at the black lake. I banter easily,
surprising myself with unlocking, like an
actor on speed, these past grim months
parting for this unconcerned nonsense. My
hand on the hard small of her back, I
show her around the suite and steer her to
the unfinished part of the basement to
show her the old furnace with its Shiva
robot arms. And I start kissing her. She
moves backwards to the wall pulling me
with her, elevating her centre of gravity by
standing on ductwork. Unfurling my kite
string she lifts me up to her rain, where I
tremble and thunder and she contracts and
expands, satisfying the both of us well
and quick.
To cheat on a wife is one thing, but to
betray a girlfriend .... Husbands who do
it follow a biological thread, behaving in a
manner consistent with nature. They obey
a higher nagging and act out of a sense of
responsibility, a solemn doom, protecting
their families from the harsher expressions
of selection, defusing oblivion's need to
dance. But to cheat on a girlfriend breaks
a whole other ethic involving higher
promises and delicate compromises with
trust, and is proof you will never be more
than what you are. My thoughts generate
cold. Intellectual and guilty, I splash down
a beer to loosen the feeling, more complicated than that, ranging to panic. I pick at
the stubby bottle's label, tearing away
small strips. Lucille comes over, touching
bases. She doesn't believe me when I tell
her I'm having a good time. She kindly and
firmly asks me to not drink anymore, this
being where I'm supposed to surrender to
better judgement. But I hate her for
pretending everything's okay.
Susan Henry comes outside and
wanders through the garden down to the
tiny dock that stepping onto sends goose
bumps over the lake. I'd follow her and be
boyishly charming. I would, but I feel like
dirt. I lean against the linden tree and stare
at her hourglass figure and see how much
of my soul has turned to sand.
I'm meeting Lucille for lunch and she's
late. The clock above the bar says quarter
after. We've been marking the days in
mental ink and today she's supposed to get
her test results. Why do beer parlours
smell so bad? I go outside and lean on the
fence. Examining my mood, I find
impatience. Cranky is not the face I need
her to see right now. She appears at the
other end of the block, but I can't read her.
She exudes quixotic self-confidence, same
as usual. I meet her at the corner and we
go down a lane so I can light up a joint.
Have you heard? I don't need to ask. 1
hold down a toke.
No, she says.
I pose the joint but she declines.
There's something you should know.
She stops me with a hard compassionate
look. It wasn't the first abortion and I
have no intention of having another.
It was your idea to give me the choice
... I say, foolishly. We stop beside a patch
of desert flowers in a vacant lot.
It was stupid to name it first.
We walk in silence for a while. It's so
much easier accepting a thing than trying
to deal with it. We get sandwiches from a
take-out and eat walking back to the wax
On her desk is a message to call her
doctor. I stand aside to make room for a
few couples bumping the counter. She
holds them off with a raised hand when
someone starts speaking to her on the line.
They look at each other with irritated
Summer 2001   Trek   31 THE INANIMATE WORLD
patience, jingling radioactive coins over
their gene pools. Putting the receiver down
Lucille catches her breath, and speaking to
them not me, says, I'm pregnant. She
wants witnesses, to help fix the fetus in
her, so nature won't dislodge it, so I can't.
I'll pick you up at five, I tell her. She
smiles, in love with herself again.
I decide to go through the gallery. I
love Queen Victoria's face. Though she
won't look directly back, she is flattered.
Ugly women aren't ugly at all, but lovers
incognito, their uncompromising lusts
meant to attract men with x-ray vision and
loose egos. Einstein here, whose eyes I
want to touch to see if he blinks, is an
even better listener than me. If it takes the
greatest thinker in history to see your
genius, is that a good thing or a bad thing?
Lucille pregnant, I feel barenaked and light
as crepe, the baby an orthotic for my
heart; its recognizable imperative of
burden is at least something, rails through
the flux and flounder of my moods. My
sins are absorbed by the figures, it's what
they breathe, what nourishes them, gives
them their pallor. I come to the dungeon
and see the torture of wax men still goes
on to this day. Deplorable and hokey, the
two sides of the meat, solar powered and
born to die, which makes everything frivolous and revelations bitter. If people would
just stop striving so hard for peace there
would be no wars. I walk home with new
muscle, censor my thoughts with a joint.
I'm face down on a table while my doctor
sprays aerosol Novocain on a cyst on my
neck. When it became infected, young
Frankenstein tried to treat it with oral
antibiotics. I went in yesterday afternoon
much worse, and a disconcerting alarm
registered on his blank chart face. This is
going to be a bit uncomfortable, he says,
weighing the lance in his fingers, his voice
uneasy. I don't feel anything at first, a
tentative cut, an eerie silence. But then he
uses his thumbs to squeeze out the pus and
pushes me down to molten core, where I
recite poltergeist and flail. That he's
capable of causing such suffering ravages
him by its unwelcome pleasure. Flustered,
he leaves as soon as the procedure is done.
My head spins like a gyroscope on a wire
and my heart has a dream of falling.
Standing before me is Lucille's doctor.
Where am I? Did anyone else survive? Has
he dropped in to visit? Why does that
sound so stupid? Lucille has miscarried.
She's one corridor over. I put on my shirt
and wander in a daze until I find her, pale
and still. I'm saddened by her luck and
anesthetized by familiar loss. Redemption
would have been too much of a burden
anyway. Lucille stares past me. She has
that look. The inanimate world.
Elvis keeps his thermostat set at
"abandoned building." A stack of empty
beer cans can topple if you don't hold it
when you're in his fridge, which he
demonstrates for us, handing us a cold
one. I look around for a place to sit but
the couch is scaly with textbooks and
laundry. He brought us up to hear the new
stereo his student loan bought him, on
which he plays nothing but hardcore
punk, which makes the room even colder.
Its churning chaos is like a skinned animal,
all tendon and rage.
What's the point of playing that kind
of music on such a nice system? I ask him.
He gives me a blank stare and smiles.
He thinks I'm kidding.
It would be better on a cheap one, I
say, unintentionally shooting down his
taste in music, his ignorance of form, his
ability to make choices.
Was Hamlet really indecisive or just
sadistic? Elmer asks, to ease the tension.
A brilliant man doesn't belong to
other men, says Elvis morosely.
If Shakespeare was so precise how
come no one can agree on what he was
talking about? Me.
He layered opposites on opposites,
So he only appears insane? Elmer.
He's dead, like the rest of us, I say.
Elvis turns on me, nearly shouting, He
hath born me on his back a thousand
times, alas!
Lucille is having a party tonight that I
wasn't invited to, showing off her new
husband, a well-known naturalist credited
with uncovering the last lost tribe of the
Amazon. He just hiked into the wax
museum one afternoon and there was the
motionless Lucille. Apparently he'd never
seen anything so beautiful.
I'm kneeling over Elvis' turntable with
a large pair of pliers intending to replace
the cartridge with another he claims is
designed for punk. He was going to have a
technician do it but I insist on saving him
some money, to make up for the insults.
He stands over me in the watery light, his
anxiety getting to me. When I've gotten the
original cartridge amputated and disconnected, I stop.
Don't they ever heat this fucking
place? I ask.
You're not stopping?
I'm afraid of wrecking it.
What about my music?
You can't seriously call that music.
What would you call it?
Standing in the lane I listen to laughter and music radiating from Lucille's top-
floor windows. We talked about staying
together when she found this place. It was
tempting for us to try again, talking about
the abandonment of hope and us leading
semi-separate lives together. In the huge
apartment we could each have had a study,
one being unpleasantly large and overlooking road hockey, while the other had a
hardwood floor and windows on three
sides. A craving for a beer and vaguer
urgencies around Lucille's friends pulls me
up. I greet a few faces and listen to the surf
sound of many conversations, where big
island bobs like a bleach bottle, Lucille
having earned a standing invitation to use
the house's owners' condo in Kona. Our
discussion about staying together centred
on who got the good study, an idea Lucille
found slightly repugnant, though she
32   Trek   Summer 2001 wouldn't relent either. So I settled in a
cheap room around my boxes of records
and books and she went out and married
the first Ph.D. off the boat. She's in the
crowded big room, happy as a toucan. I
don't know what I expected him to be like,
at least magnetic and articulate, but her
groom, I realize, standing off to the side, is
at a loss for words.
I return to the kitchen where someone
is passing a joint around. After I've had a
hit and offered it back I realize no one is
paying attention so I squeeze it dead and
pocket it. No beer in the fridge but bottles
of wine everywhere. I kidnap a litre of
Kressman and take my leave just as Susan
Henry is coming up the stairs. She smiles
at me. But voices in the kitchen tell me I'm
being pursued by the owner of the wine
and all I can do is nod, escape.
I'm sitting in the last row of folding
chairs, easiest to escape from should I
decide to bolt before they do the serenity
prayer. I'm twenty-five minutes early
having forgotten this meeting starts at
eight-thirty instead of eight like most of
them. Eagerness blows into the room with
members shucking their burdens at the
door and scanning the room for their
supporters. A tough chick in leopard skin
tights sits down in my row, between an old
man and a fine-boned rich girl. I'm
wondering how identity chooses one
person over another. It's your weakest link,
your name, the sack you're born in and
what they'll carry you out with. It's better
to have an alias, several of them, free from
baptisms and brass plates. And if you can't
do that, admit to a room full of people
that you're an alcoholic.
Someone says a few words of
welcome. Others read routine steps and
promises, comforting in their imperfections. The unskilled newcomers and the
farthest fallen are who I come for, their
clanking tirades and hopeless hope, its
blunt assurance of liberation. But the first
speaker is an old hand whose terrors he's
honed into a landscape of generalities.
This is not helping. Next up is a thirty-
year chippee who tells a convoluted
patronizing parable. I want it to end and
glance towards the exit. The chair asks,
Does anybody need to share? I should, and
occasionally do, but my story involves too
much overwriting in empty rooms, and I
can see their eyes glaze over when I tell it
and their skin softens under the lights. I
was walking on Jericho Beach this
morning, with acrid Vancouver dampness
in my craw, searching English Bay for the
inspiration I believe it owes me, when I
saw Susan Henry coming down the path
the other way. Even though she's changed,
I recognized her objective eyes do their
familiar, succinct double-take on me. It
was cool and windy and the waves were
running at the shore to the end of their
chains. She and her companion leaned into
each other's voices, worn smooth under
the ceaseless rolling. And it gave me a lift
to see her, but soon after brought me
down hard and I wanted to get drunk. The
suddenly ending meeting has cut off my
escape, chairs are being scraped aside and
a circle of bodies forms, all around the
mulberry bush .... I hate this, holding
hands. The prayer I've memorized, God
grant me the serenity to accept the things I
cannot change ....
California rolls, egg rolls, chicken
wingettes and teriyaki salmon; there are
bean salads, potato salads, Caesar salad,
four different breads, including the French
loaf I brought, and a quarter pound of
garlic butter. There are crackers with
exotic dips, oysters on the half shell and
Rice Crispy squares, Nanaimo bars and a
box of chocolates. Entrees, hors d'oeuvres
and desserts, all laid out at once, so democratic, so fattening. I make my way around
the table, sampling and filling my plate,
and then make for an empty chair. Parties
are sober torture and I don't know a soul.
The friends I'm supposed to meet are
fashionably late, which I always forget to
be. I make my way through a hatch of
women, clustered around the kitchen
entrance, and locate my non-alcoholic
beverage, unopened among more seductive
bottles. I pour myself a glass. Then she
walks in and for a second something is
naked between us, terrifying the both of us
with its touching disregard for the passing
of time.
To throw something on it she says,
We've been running into each other at
parties for years, haven't we? Brilliantly
obtuse by stating the obvious.
And I say, Yes we have, sharing this
with her, making contact.
You know Lucille ....
Yes, I tell her, awed by how arbitrary
the meanings we assign things are.
Isn't that great about her having twins
Yes . . . indeed, I say, though I don't
know anything, and before I can think of
something to hold her, she escapes to the
other room.
I follow with my fruit juice and find a
chair where I can keep an eye on her.
When I look more closely I don't understand why I recognize her, so different
from memory she is. I organize a few
conversations in my head, how Vancouver
compares with Victoria, Lucille's children.
But before I can approach her, something
comes into the room, a Shockwave or a
trapped bird, I'm not sure which, and hard
rumour becomes soft fact, Princess Diana
is what? Somebody turns on the tv, and so
much for talk.
Later, conversation returns to original
sin, and I'm back to grazing at the table
when Susan Henry appears beside me,
picking up a grape and a cube of cheese,
and offering me the weakest of smiles,
which I try and capture with clumsy
words. You must be tired after all this, I
say, I know I am. For a heartbeat she
blushes. Now she has to say something
real. No small talk exists between us. But
the hostess appears and draws her away,
Susan Henry, reluctantly eager, my poor
fugitive breathless me. ♦
Summer 2001   Trek   33 retrospective   !   changes
An engineer, an English professor, and a life reading list, by Leonard graholm
Forty-five years ago I took a literature class
for first year engineering students at UBC. It
was compulsory because, at least in those
days, engineers wouldn't otherwise have taken
it. It was the last English class I thought I
would ever take.
The lecturer was a young man called V.
G. Hopwood. I suppose he was given the class
because of his lack of seniority. I remember
little about him, but he changed my life.
There was required reading: novels like
Bread and Wine and Germinal, and short
stories like The Secret Sharer and The Life and
Death of Gentleman Brown. And Mr.
Hopwood made us write. I remember that last
story because I
wrote an essay on
it even though I
hadn't read it.
Students like to
do that.
In our last
class for the year
Mr. Hopwood said,
"I know that most
of the time during
your careers you
will be involved
with science, and so
you won't have
much time for outside reading. (He said that
rather sadly.) But whatever you do, you
should take time to read the io books on the
list I'm handing out."
I thought of the handout as a contract
between Mr. Hopwood and me, and the list
like a batting order. In my mind I moved the
books I thought would interest me least, the
nonfiction, to the tail end of the order.
In the next five years I read seven of the
books and thought they were wonderful.
Because I knew the list by heart, I took no
special care of the written list, and I don't
know when it was lost. Nor do I remember
the titles of the seven books. I didn't know
about the tricks memory has in store for
us all.
But I remember the other three titles,
because those books, the non fiction ones,
were the best. Two of them I read in the
following eight years: Red Star over China,
and To the Finland Station. The former
thrilled me, and the latter made me cry. I cried
for the human race.
Those two books made me think back to
the time I was seven years old and living 40
miles from Vancouver. There was a war on
then. Walking home alone from school, I
heard an airplane flying overhead. I knew
exactly what to do because my parents had
34   Trek   Summer 2001 Mr. Hopwood was trying to give us
a big-league social conscience.
He was trying to produce engineers
like Robert Oppenheimer,
engineers most politicians hate.
told me. I jumped into the ditch and lay flat.
After the airplane had passed and as I was
getting out of the ditch, I said to myself,
"When I grow up I'm never going to fight
with anyone." I believed that then with all my
heart, but I was only in the minors, and I was
wrong. Those books taught me, among other
things, that a time comes when one must fight.
It was while reading those books that I
began to realize what Mr. Hopwood was
trying to do: he was trying to give us a big-
league social conscience. He was trying to
produce engineers like Robert Oppenheimer,
engineers most politicians hate.
About io years later I read the last book
on the list, just to get it off my mind. It was
Gods, Graves and Scholars, about something I
had no interest in: archeology. But it, too,
turned out to be a heavy hitter. Soon after, I
enrolled in a night class in archeology at our
local university. I took many such classes, as
did my wife. On our holidays we travelled the
world to see archeological sites.
Now, 45 years after Mr. Hopwood's class,
I'm taking another English class, on writing.
This time though, I'm not thinking it will be
my last. And I will continue reading and
trying to write until the big hand comes across
the sky, sweeps away the stars and says, "The
game is now over, and you must all go home."
I hope you will
read this story
somewhere, Mr.
Hopwood. I think
you will have
enjoyed life, because
you understood it so
early. You did an
excellent job editing
David Thompson's travel writing. Did you
ever finish writing his biography? I never
spoke to you privately, but your list managed
my life very well, and I'm still on a winning
streak. By the way, would you happen to have
a copy of the list? I want to pass it on to my
children. ♦
Leonard Graholm bsc'6o, worked for an oil
company in Alberta for two years, then went
to law school in Saskatoon. After graduation
he practised with the Ministry of the Attorney
General in Toronto for 25 years. Now he does
a little private practice, and writes. He lives
with his wife and two daughters in Toronto.
Victor Hopwood earned his phd at the U of
T and taught at UBC from 195j to 1984. He
wrote some chapters on Canadian travel for
the Literary History of Canada, and is still
working on the biography of David
Thompson. He, too, has lost the list.
Spring 2001   Trek   35 lands and buildings
The Walter C. Koerner Library
The Koerner Library, described by architect Arthur Erickson
as the 'green jewel' of the UBC campus, became an instant
landmark when it opened in March 1997. Directly across
Main Mall from the original library building, the Koerner is
the first stage of a long-term redevelopment plan for the
library system. It features wired study spaces, 50 on-line
catalogues and a student computer lab.
36   Trek   Summer 2001
Photograph by Elizabeth Minish making it happen
When Dr. Karim Qayumi arrived in Canada in 1983, unable to speak either
official language but eager to work at UBC, the immigration office told him
English lessons wouldn't be available for 18 months. Rather than wait, he went
to the public library 12 hours a day, seven days a week, and taught himself.
"the immigration people were very surprised when I returned six
months later and asked them how I could apply for a job at the
university," Qayumi recalls. He was soon hired as a researcher at
UBC and able to take up his twin passions for teaching and surgery.
Qayumi arrived in Canada from Afghanistan when the war with
the Soviet Union was at its height. He had avoided capture by the
secret police, who wanted to question him about the three years he
spent providing medical care and training for Afghan civilians and
Mujahideen guerillas. Conquering the English language seemed a
minor challenge after that. Today, he is director of the Centre of
Excellence for Surgical Education currently under construction at
VGH. He looks forward to the project's completion.
"The centre will be a state-of-the-art place to teach and learn,"
he says of the facility, dedicated to providing training in the latest
surgical techniques. These techniques have introduced a high level of
new technology to the operating room and they hold great potential.
But they are also having a profound effect on traditional surgical
As well as teaching the new technology, Qayumi is helping to
drive it. With the expert help of his son, Tarique, he is developing a
software program called Cyberpatient. With it, students can
examine, diagnose and treat patients in cyberspace. Tarique, with the
help of a $3,000 grant, spent a summer developing Cyperpatient. The
resulting prototype — the centre of attention at a UBC Open House
— was picked up by the Industry Liaison Office. With Tarique at the
helm, the software was developed into a complex, Internet-friendly
Summer 2001   Trek   37 DR. QAYUMI
model and is now being assessed at 15
major universities before being made commercially available.
Dr. Qayumi has also applied this creative ability as a writer. Only several
months after its publication, his most recent
book — an interactive, introductory text on
surgical technique — is being translated for
international markets. Qayumi believes his
book holds a unique niche.
"All of the previous introductory
books were based on information taken
from materials published by medical companies," he says. "They overwhelmed students with useless information and commercialization. I wanted to teach students how
to hold instruments, tie
knots and excel at the
operating table. The cd-
rom that accompanies
the book is essential.
Techniques can be practised 10, 20, or 100
times." And then, of
course, there's his
research into how to
keep transplant organs
alive for longer periods
of time than is currently
possible. He's excited by
the progress his team
has made towards realizing this goal.
"As a child I wanted to be a pilot, but
tests indicated an aptitude for medicine,"
says the son of the head of Civil Aviation,
responsible for Afghanistan's airports and
airlines, tourism and meteorology.
Aside from his abilities as a physician,
teacher, administrator and software developer, perhaps the most intriguing aspect
about Qayumi is the path he had to negotiate during the earlier years of his career. He
started out life in Kabul, Afghanistan, and
completed his medical training in Kiev.
"During medical rounds at the
University of Kiev, I became fascinated with
surgery," he recalls. "I was spending every
waking moment in the hospital so the doctors all knew me. Very early — in my third
and fourth year — I began operating independently and developing new treatments,
such as compounds for treating infected
surgical wounds. I still hold patents in
Russia." When the university offered him a
position, he refused.
"I told them I didn't need a government post to heal and to teach people," he
says, punctuating the story with laughter
and gesturing with elegant hands. By the
time he returned to Kabul, Afghanistan was
under a full Soviet invasion. His mother
had arranged a party to welcome him
home, but his extended family and friends
refused any food she offered until Dr.
Qayumi declared his loyalty to his people.
"I am with you," said Qayumi. He began
teaching at the local hospital, spending
much of his time removing shrapnel and
limbs from civilians who were caught in
massive artillery fire or who had stepped
on one of five million
land mines.
"Few rebels were
killed or wounded. It
"My bodyguards threw me
Qayumi recalls. "Later they
flee, because animals hear
was civilians who suffered," he reports.
"Soviets mistakenly
bombed villages that the
rebels had fled. In the
carnage, I learned sobering things. For
instance, I soon realized that those who
were not screaming were the casualties that
needed immediate attention. Later, I shared
all I could of these experiences in my first
Within a year the Soviet-controlled
secret police, perceiving Qayumi a threat,
decided it would be simpler to kill him than
to imprison him, and then they could blame
their actions on the Afghans, who distrusted his pasr. Warned by some students who
overheard the assassins' plot, the doctor
contacted Mujahideen rebel forces to
arrange a rendezvous. But he looked into
his waiting room and saw the lineup of
people waiting for him, so he finshed treating them. A few hours later, he was taken
away from Kabul by the Mujahideen. But
he wasn't only leaving Kabul. By this time
he had met and married Shauna, whom he
describes as "the best friend I've ever had."
His son, Tarique, had also arrived in his
life. He wouldn't see his family again for
three years.
The day after he joined the rebel group,
Soviet planes bombed his group at prayer
"My bodyguards threw me to the
ground and piled on top of me," Qayumi
recalls. "Later they advised me to notice
when dogs and cats flee, because animals
hear the planes first."
Life was difficult. "Bread and milk
were a luxury. We lived off what we could
salvage from abandoned orchards and gardens and when enemy planes flew over, we
crouched still like stones on the ground, covering ourselves with cloaks so that enemy
planes couldn't detect us from the reflection
of our eyes or fingernails." For the three
years he was there, Dr. Qayumi was treated
with great respect. Under the constant pro-
to the ground and piled on top of me,"
advised me to notice when dogs and cats
the planes first."
tection of bodyguards, he trained 560 people in emergency procedures and conducted
countless operations before receiving word
that his wife and six-year-old son were in
grave danger.
Rebels collected up his family and
brought them to where he was. They fled on
foot across treacherous terrain to the
Pakistani border. As they passed villages on
the way, people lined up outside to receive
medical attention. He obliged them, sterilizing a knife in a campfire and dressings in a
pressure cooker. He and his family eventually made their way to Portugal and from
there, applied for immigration to Canada.
Dr. Karim Qayumi, who has travelled
from carnage to calm, has found the "best
possible home" in Canada. Here, he can
"I'm a triple-A personality, I suppose,
but surgery and teaching provide all the
challenges I require," he says. "I love my
students. It would be difficult to get out of
bed in the morning if I just had to do another surgery to pay my mortgage. Discovering
and passing on knowledge brings a peace
which I have learned is much more satisfying than power or money." ♦
Trek   Summer 2001 PRECIOUS MEDALS
the right thing
UBC alumna Tricia Smith in training
for the silver medal she won in Pairs
Rowing at the '84 games.
'There aren't any secrets anymore.'
For many Canadians, Toronto's recent loss to Beijing for the rights to host
the 2008 Olympic Games evoked another bout of Olympic letdown. It was
only a year ago that we witnessed disappointing results in Sydney; the
prospect of hosting the games represented renewed hope for our Olympic
and national team programs.
I must confess that I, too, was mildly disappointed that Canada's medal
count at the 2000 Olympics fell short of expectations. I don't know what it
is, but there's something about an amateur athlete from Caroline, Alberta,
or Dryden, Ontario, struggling for composure on the podium during the
opening bars of Oh Canada. Gets me every time.   8 Y    P r* •      "4f
Summer 2001   Trek   39 PRECIOUS MEDALS
I'm not alone. Most of us feel at least some
measure of pride when Canada scores big
on the world stage. Don't we love to
remind ourselves that a Canadian company
built the robotic arm on the space shuttle,
or about Best and Banting's discovery, or
the role of Canadian forces in the
liberation of Europe?
Our showing of 14 medals last
summer wasn't exactly horrendous, but it
was only one better than Bulgaria, 15
worse than Cuba, and down considerably
from the 22 won at Atlanta in 1996. As
Vancouver-Whistler assumes the position of
front runner to host the 2010 winter
games, there is another opportunity for
Canada to sharpen its focus and its
involvement in the unique form of
diplomacy represented by the Olympic
Games. First, though, we need to take
another look at our declining reputation
as one of the great sporting nations of
the world.
This is a story about what went wrong
in Sydney from the perspective of UBC
people who were there, what needs to
change in order to improve our results, and
why it is absolutely the right thing to do.
The first UBC student to go to the
Olympics was the late Professor Emeritus
Harry Warren, who went to Amsterdam in
1928 as a sprinter. The first medal won by
a UBC student was in 1932, when Ned
Pratt, an aspiring architect, stroked to a
bronze medal in Double Sculls. In 1948,
Canada's Olympic basketball team consisted largely of UBC players and was coached
by Bob Osborne. In 1954, a crew of UBC
rowers beat heavily favoured England in
the British Empire Games on the Vedder
Canal, followed by medal performances by
other UBC rowers in the '56, '60 and '64
With all that history and more, it's
no wonder that UBC was again well
represented in 2000. In fact, a total of 28
UBC coaches, athletes, alumni and medical
staff were accredited in Sydney.
But in spite of that, our medal count
remained low. Many experts within the
amateur sport system feel the time is right
for a complete re-evaluation of sport
delivery programs and athlete development in Canada.
Going for the Bronze
One UBC coach who did not take part in
the Sydney games was women's volleyball
coach Doug Reimer, who was seconded
by the national program in 1997 to coach
Canada to the Olympics.
"If you asked people in the sports
system, they were not surprised with our
results," said Reimer, whose charges failed
to qualify for Sydney. "To be the best in
the world at anything isn't easy, and if
you're going to do it in sport, you're
going to need a lot of raw talent and
The deck appears to have been
stacked against Reimer well before the
national program came looking for him.
Most coaches agree that athlete development takes time — anywhere from 7-10
years — therefore, an injection of cash
and commitment a year or two before
the games rarely accomplishes much of
"We have enough kids in Canada to
do it, but we need to be able to identify
the very best at a younger age, and then
be able to supplement their training with
junior national team programs with
full-time coaches," he says.
UBC women's basketball coach and
national team assistant coach Deb
Huband agrees, adding that funding for
Canada's women's program has declined
significantly since her days as a national
team player in the late '70s.
"Each summer we would have three
segments of training followed by international competition," says Huband. "Now
we have one or two. We also had a
development team, so we had two teams
every summer. Now we have one. So the
number of people we have playing has
dropped. The number of opportunities
to gain experience in international
competition has dropped, and so performance has dropped as well.
"For a country that has a good-sized
population, we're not developing the base
of talent. We need national programs
starting at about age 15. The Americans
run four teams in the summer, so by the
time someone gets on the senior team,
they've had years and years of experience
and they immediately fit right in."
It's difficult not to have sympathy for
coaches of team sports in particular. While
there are 32 different events in swimming,
there is only one gold medal match in the
team sports.
Lack of sufficient funds isn't always
the first thing that comes to mind when
the experts are asked about performance.
Alumna Tricia Smith rowed for Canada
for well over a decade, and went to the
Olympics in '76, '84 and '88. A silver
medallist in 1984, she now serves on the
Executive Committee of the International
Rowing Federation. Her take on Canada's
solitary bronze-medal performance in
rowing last year is simply that the field of
upper echelon competitors has grown
"There aren't any secrets any more,"
says Smith. "The teams have all seen each
other train, the coaches have shared
information and techniques, and the result
is that many more countries are now
competing at the top."
In most cases, though, coaches claim
that insufficient resources are a major part
of the problem, but they don't always
agree on what the fiscal priorities should
be. The most common refrains are the
need for program development for earlier-
stage athletes, full-time coaches within all
elite age groups, and better financial
40   Trek   Summer 2001 support for athletes. But the concept that
is discussed most often is the expansion of
opportunities at the grassroots level. The
theory is quite simple: the more kids
competing at the base of the system means
a larger pool of talent at the top. In other
words, the main ingredient for success is a
major societal commitment to restructure
the sport system from the ground up,
investing heavily in enhancing opportunities for kids.
Although such a holistic approach has
its appeal, it's not certain that Canadian
taxpayers would be willing to support it.
But the idea is receiving support from an
unexpected source: health care experts
concerned about the staggering costs of
treating illness associated with obesity.
Don McKenzie, an exercise physiologist and sports medicine physician in
UBC's Family Practice Unit, points to a
recent report on the economic burden of
physical inactivity in Canada. The report
states that $2.1 billion of Canada's direct
health care costs in 1999 were attributed
to physical inactivity. It further suggests
that if only 10 percent of Canadians
attained a marginal increase in fitness, the
estimated savings would amount to
roughly $150 million per year.
"It's a pretty good argument for
exercise," says McKenzie, who has been to
five Olympics, both as a physician and as
a coach of Canada's flat-water canoe team.
"We could save a substantial amount of
money just by imposing health and fitness
programs to improve the general health of
the population. And a by-product would
be that you would eventually end up, a
generation from now, with some better
athletes at the top of the pyramid."
If such an investment in recreation
would result in downstream savings in
health care expenditures, then common
sense would dictate that governments
already facing a mounting health care
crisis should act swiftly. The obvious
Marianne Limpert takes off as Jessica Daglau touches the wall at the 4x100 womens' relay at the 1999 Pan
Pacific Championships. They won bronze. Photo Greg Kinch
solution is to use the school system and
minor sport organizations to educate and
encourage children to be more active by
expanding their opportunities in sport. But
even if such a move produced the desired
by-product — more talent at the top — it
still wouldn't necessarily vault Canada into
the top echelon of international sport.
"In the schools, kids compete against
kids their own age all the time," says
Reimer. "In other countries, the base
system is supplemented with opportunities
for the half a percentage point of kids who
are especially talented to compete against
older and more skilled opponents in a club
system. Right now, there are too many
gaps and breakdowns in Canada, and the
rest of the world doesn't have them. I've
emerged from this experience thinking
more about the systems themselves, rather
than my particular team."
"We don't have the cultural mindset
that understands the continuum from the
beginner to the first-time Olympian," said
UBC swim coach Tom Johnson. One of
the most respected coaches in Canadian
sport, Johnson has more than 25 years of
international coaching experience, and the
program he established at UBC serves as a
model for athlete development. UBC's
program joined forces with the Pacific
Dolphins Swim Club and national and
federal sport governing bodies to create a
national training centre that offers
swimmers a seamless training regimen
right through their university years and
into international competition. It is the
sort of continuum that is seen as vital by
most coaches, including Reimer and
Huband, and there is ample evidence that
it works. Canada qualified 39 swimmers
for Sydney, up from 21 in 1996. Johnson
and co-coach Randy Bennett produced n
of them.
"These were excellent Olympics," said
Johnson. "We improved our results across
the board. We broke three Commonwealth
records, 14 national records, and a lot of
personal bests, but the bottom line is that
we weren't good enough going into the
competition. We got really close to the
podium, but we didn't get on the podium."
Summer 2001   Trek   41 PRECIOUS SVJEDALS
Case in point: Marianne Limpert, a
UBC student and one of Canada's best
hopes for a medal in the pool, finished 12
one-hundredths of a second out of third
place in zoo metre individual medley.
The Price of Gold
There is no mistaking that UBC's program
is within a hair's breadth of staging a
performance breakthrough in world and
Olympic championships. But what else is
required to close that final miniscule gap
between the student-athletes who train
daily at UBC and the best in the world?
Johnson offers a one-word answer:
"The United States and Australia
recognize that swimmers need to be
supported just as if they are professional
athletes," said Johnson. "Australia
supports athletes based on international
performance. It's a graded system in which
the top athletes earn enough money to
enable them to train the following year.
Canada still has a welfare state mentality,
where everybody gets a little bit."
"A little bit" is $1,100 a month from
the federal government, and very little in
the way of performance bonuses. Johnson
points out that Romania, meanwhile,
offered $10,000 us for a gold medal
performance in Sydney, and the United
States has committed $374,000 for
coaching incentives for the 2001 World
Swim Championships, in addition to
$750,000 for athlete incentives. Not everyone, however, agrees with his incentive
theory. While Smith admits that prevailing
attitudes may have changed in recent
years, she cites a case in which one well-
known Olympic rower from the early
nineties once stated that she would be
insulted if someone offered her money to
win a gold medal. Still, the United States
and Australia utterly dominated the field
of swimmers in Sydney with a combined
total of 51 medals. By way of comparison,
the Netherlands finished third with eight.
Canada was well down the list with a
single bronze medal going to Calgary's
Curtis Meyden.
Back to the Starting Line
While the issue of performance incentives
is likely to be a controversial topic on this
side of the border, the time may be right
for a complete re-evaluation of sport
delivery systems and athlete development
programs in Canada. With Beijing hosting
the 2008 games, many Canadian Olympic
insiders feel that Whistler will be a
shoo-in for the 2010 winter games. Public
and private sector entities within Canada
will soon be sharpening their focus on
Olympic sport. The experience in Sydney
clearly demonstrated to an aghast nation
that Canada's grip on the rings is slipping.
Not only is the medal count in sharp
decline, but many of the 14 medals in
Sydney were in sports new to the games,
and if history is any indication, we'll lose
them once other countries start training
for them.
Such a re-evaluation must begin at
the grassroots level, with much thought
being given to a major investment in
amateur sport on the part of all levels of
government and the private sector.
And if we do in fact make a social
commitment to this model, and more
young Canadians spend twenty-odd years
of their lives pursuing the Olympic dream,
why not pull out all the stops to close the
minute gap between first and fourth
place? If the savings in health care
expenditures are real, then it would only
take a fraction of those recovered funds to
provide the expertise required to identify,
train and support our very best amateur
Like all countries, Canada needs its
heroes. We need heroes to inculcate the
sense of bullish pride we haven't seen in
this country since the 1972 Canada-Soviet
hockey series. We need heroes to serve as
a fresh set of role models, a healthier
alternative to the increasingly non-
Canadian, non-performing millionaires
from the professional leagues, whose stats
in the police logs are occasionally more
impressive than those on the score sheet.
But maybe the biggest score for
Canada in committing to high achievement
in international sport is the opportunity it
presents for promoting cultural understanding and international cooperation in
an era of rapid globalization. True, the
Olympic Games are an extravaganza of
corporate branding and imaging, and sadly,
they remain an international playground of
chemists and cheats. But we shouldn't lose
sight of what the Olympic Games represent
more than anything else: the world's most
visible symbol of an enduring will among
nations to understand and cooperate with
one another.
Did the 1980 Olympic boycott have
any effect on the Soviet Union's decisions
concerning Afghanistan? Did it hasten the
eventual withdrawal? Or did our athletes
miss out on taking part in a courageous
and historical act of diplomacy to boot?
We'll never know for certain, but history
has yet to produce a better medium than
sport to bring hostile nations together.
Canada should move quickly to
re-establish itself as a nation of champions
in international competition, and as a
leader among nations in the Olympic
movement. The initial return on investment
is superb, as are the dividends, including
those indelible images, beamed around the
world, of thousands of athletes from all
corners of the globe gathered together in a
stadium taking part in the opening ceremonies of the world's premier festival of
peace. And my personal favourite — the
images of athletes from Prince Albert,
Saskatchewan, or Lac Beauport, Quebec,
struggling for composure on the podium
while flags are raised and the anthem
I can't explain why that has such an
effect on people like me. It just does. ,:
42   Trek   Summer 2001 "     #i*
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bIiJW 1
Two Case Studies
Through August 31, 2001
n Turn-of-the-century paddles and
selections from a recent bequest of
remarkable Northwest materials collected
by Tom and Frances Richardson.
Attributed to Edenshaw: Identifying the
Hand of the Artist
Through August 31, 2001
Corridor Case
■ Basketry and gold, silver, argillite and
wood carvings by Haida artists Charles
and Isabella Edenshaw.
Conversations: The Teeson Philippine
Through September 3, 2001
Gallery 10
II Students' exhibition of Philippine
pottery, textiles, and other materials
collected and donated by Dr. Miguel and
Mrs. Julia Teeson.
A Connoisseur's Collection: Chinese
Ceramics from the Victor Shaw Donation
Through October 30, 2001
Gallery 5
Gala Opening, Tuesday May 29, 2001, 7-9
pm, FREE
P More than 70 ceramics from a much
larger collection of Chinese antiquities.
Anthropology 432 Student Projects
Through December 31, 2001
Throughout the galleries
■ Student projects including several cases
that address the question "What is
Missing?" in the Visible Storage area;
reconfigured labels, graphics and signage
in the ceramics gallery; and questions
raised by images used in a provocative
series of "Colors of Benetton" posters.
These are shown in the Theatre Gallery.
Continuing Traditions
Through April 30, 2002 Gallery 3
■ A new exhibit module featuring 50
Salish Basket (left), Haida Houses (above),
Museum of Anthropology.
years of Coast Salish basketry opens on
April t7 in Gallery 3. Prepared by ma
candidate Sharon Fortney, with museum
staff and representatives from the
Squamish, Klahoose, Stl'atl'imx, and
Nlaka'pamux First Nations.
The West Coast Heritage Tour
Through September 30, 2001
' ' This 4V4 hour tour includes  a stop at
the moa and the historic fishing village of
Steveston. There are two departures a day
with pick-up points at downtown hotels.
Adults - $48, Seniors/students - $45,
youth (13-18) - $41, kids (6-12) - $27,
kids under six free
The Spirit of Islam: Experiencing Islam
Through Calligraphy
Opening October 20, 2001
Galleries 8, 9, 10
21 The exhibition will present a selection of
outstanding examples of Islamic art and
calligraphy from different historical
periods. Includes two interconnected
galleries housing a prayer space and an
educational space.
Recent Acquisitions to the Collection
June i-August 26, 2001
■ Over the past several years, the gallery
has acquired many significant works
through donation and purchase. The
strength of the collection continues to be in
contemporary Canadian art.
UBC Masters of Fine Arts Graduate
September 14-30, 2001
View a new generation of artists and
see work in a wide array of media
including video, mixed media sculpture,
photography, and drawing.
44   Trek   Summer 2001
Previous page: rhe Waterfall at First Nations House of Learning photo by Elizabeth Minish; Houses and Basket photos: Bill McLennan UPCOMING EXHIBITIONS
Chago: A Cuban Revolutionary Artist
■ Chago was a political cartoonist who
fought alongside Castro during the Cuban
Revolution. By the 1960s, the artist had
grown disillusioned with the new regime.
His drawings became more existential
and erotic and were often subjected to
The Conceptual Document 1968-1972
si This exhibit (from the Norwich Gallery
in England) focuses on the key years of the
development of Conceptual Art, now
recognized as one of the most critical
developments in the globalization of
contemporary art. The exhibit will be
augmented with work by the N.E. Thing
Co. from the Belkin Art Gallery Archives.
Con un solo ojo
The Belkin Gallery
Wednesday September 19, 2001
Terence Dawson (piano), Schubert,
Janacek & Stewart, 12:00 pm, Recital
Hall, $4.00
Wednesday September 26, 2001
Hard Rubber Orchestra, 12:00 pm,
Recital Hall, $4.00
Thursday September 27, 2001
Borealis String Quartet, Jane Coop
(piano), Beethoven & Dohnanyi, 8:00
pm, Recital Hall, $20/$10 at the
Sunday September 30, 2001
Andrew Dawes (violin), Jane Coop
(piano), Beethoven Violin Sonata
Cycle Pt 7, 3:00 pm, The Chan Centre.
Tickets available through Ticketmaster
or in person at the Chan Centre Ticket
Wednesday October 3, 2001
Camille Churchfield (flute),
Christopher Millard (bassoon),
Kenneth Broadway (piano),
Beethoven, Gauhert & Doppler
12:00 pm, Recital Hall, $4.00 at the
Thursday October 4, 2001
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble,
12:00 pm.The Chan Centre, FREE
Friday October 5, 2001
Gypsy Music, 12:00 pm, Main Library,
Rm 502, FREE
UBC Symphonic Wind Ensemble, 8:00
pm, The Chan Centre, FREE
Sunday October 7, 2001
Monteverdi to Verdi, Ensemble II
Ruggiero, UBC Opera Ensemble and
instrumentalists, 8:00 pm, The Chan
Centre, $20/$14
Call the School of Music for more listings: 604 822 0182
See UBC School of Music for some listings.
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
July 27, 28, 29, August 3 & 4 —8 pm
Music Director Bramwell Tovey and the vso present The Mozart Connection,
a five-concert tribute to the great composer.
Vancouver Symphony Orchestra
October 26 & 27 — 8 pm
Handel and Gluck featuring Paul McCreesh, conductor, and Ewa Podles,
Kronos Quartet
October 28 — 8 pm
They combine a unique musical vision with a fearless dedication to
experimentation. A "Music at the Chan" series presentation.
Emanuel Ax & Yefim Bronfman, Duo Piano
Sunday November 4 — 3 pm
Isabel Bayrakdarian, soprano
November 25 — 3 pm
Call the Chan Centre for more listings: 604 822 9197
Summer 2001   Trek   45 ■m%   4bv^   assfe    m^ ^»
North River
Muriel PouKon Dunford
Raising Happy, Healthy, Weight-wise Kids
by Judy Toews bhe'68, Msc'74 and Nicole
Parton. Key Porter, $21.95
II Many of the bad habits we develop
around food can be traced back to childhood experiences. Parents are just as likely
to pass their own bad habits on to their
kids, or help them build brand new ones.
This book, full of advice, information and
great ideas, presents a common-sense
approach to help parents and children
develop positive eating habits. Written by
a professional nutritionist and a best-
selling author, the book is funny and
insightful, and will be a boon to parents of
children from infancy to the teen years.
Furry Creek
by Keith Harrison BA'67
- Harrison has taken an odd collection of
real documents, fictional characters and
poetry to create a "non fiction novel" on
the life and death of poet Pat Lowther.
Her death, though tragic, was a pivotal
point in Canadian literature, and her poetry, like that of Sylvia Plath, has taken on a
new life since her death. This novel is
illuminating, challenging and fascinating.
It has its own lyric quality, its own sense
of itself.
Blue in this Country
by Zoe Landale
Ronsdale Press, $13.95
II Poetry, sometimes, makes as much sense
read backwards as forwards, impenetrable
as a text on post-modern art. Accessibility,
a well known poet once said, is the kiss of
death. But obscure metaphors and wonky
language don't make for good
communication or, even, good poetry.
Landale's new book of poetry is accessible,
but not because it's simple or banal. It's
because the experiential corners she looks
around are ones you and I have looked
around, too. Her talent is to light them up
in ways you and I couldn't. We've been
there, or dreamt that, or heard about it.
Good poetry makes the everyday resonate.
This is good poetry.
The Perfect Little Street Car System
by Henry Ewert BA'58
North Shore Museum and Archives
• This is the third "rail" book by Ewert,
following The Story of the BC Electric
Railway System, and Victoria's Streetcar
Era. This book, like the other two, is a
wonderful example of local history well
made. The prose is engaging, and the photography evocative. Ewert's research has
unearthed the politics and personalities of
the day, and gives us a remarkable sense of
time and place. Railway buffs and anyone
interested in bc history will enjoy Ewert's
latest effort.
The Inanimate World
by Robert Strandquist mfa'86
Anvil Press, $16.95
% This is the first collection of short stories from a writer who has been published
in a number of Canadian literary magazines. The stories are tough and unsparing
in their view of the struggle, mostly by
semi-dysfunctional individuals, to get
along in a hostile world. The writing is
tight, oddly lyrical and surprising. Some of
his observations on character or situation
are so powerful they stop the reader in his
tracks. They're thrown off with such casual aplomb that you want to go back and
re-read the section just to revel in the brilliance of the fine tuning.
Democratic Rules of Order
by Fred Francis BA'50, med'66 and Peg
Francis, $8.95
■ Now in its seventh edition, Rules of
Order is a complete, easy-to-use parliamentary guide for governing meetings of
any size. It covers the same ground as
older rules-of-order books (such as
Robert's), but does so in plain language.
Many rules have been streamlined for use
in the modern context, and others have
been adapted or eliminated. Motions, for
example, have been standardized to eliminate confusion. This book also ensures
that no one participant can take advantage
of others because he or she has greater
knowledge of arcane rules.
46    Trek   Summer 2001 A Narrative of War
Happy, Healthy,
Weight-wise Kids I
1 tides of
North River: The Story of BC's North
Thompson Valley & Yellowhead Highway
by Muriel Poulton Dunford BA'83
Sonotek Publishing, $19.95
I This history of bc's south-central interior covers two centuries and the area from
Kamloops to the Yellowhead Pass. Full of
personal stories, photographs and a wealth
of information, the book mixes the tradition of oral history with thorough research
to bring this area and the period alive.
A Narrative of War
by Robert L. McDougall BA'39
Golden Dog Press
■ Long-time Carlton English Prof.
McDougall was a pioneer of Canadian
studies programs in Canada. This book,
started in i960 and finished nearly 30
years later, traces the battles of the
Seaforth Highlanders of Canada from their
landing on the beaches of Sicily in July,
1943, to their advance to the Hitler line,
south of Rome, in June, 1944. Using firsthand reports, letters, diaries and interviews, McDougall gives a close-up view of
the horror and complexity of war, complete with the casual heroism of normal
people forced to perform in battle.
Charlotte Diamond's World (cd)
by Charlotte Diamond BED'69
Hug Bug Records
II Charlotte Diamond has been winning
awards and children's hearts for many
years. Her mix of humour, hummability
and good story-telling makes her music
timeless and endlessly entertaining. This,
her latest CD, is filled with adventure and
instruction, and is a wonderful addition to
her catalogue. Visit Charlotte Diamond's
website, www.charlottediamond.com, for
information on availability and ordering.
Starshine and the Fanged Vampire
by Ellen Schwartz mfa'88
Polestar, $8.95
■ This is the fourth of the Starshine series of books for adolescents. Starshine is the kind of iz-year-old we all recognize: a little
too sensitive, a lot too headstrong and just about too smart for
her own good. Her parents are more than a bit odd, and her little
sister is, well, a little sister.
In each book in the series, Starshine tries to balance the pressures of parents, friends and school, all the while practising her
own peculiar brand of right and wrong in a world full of compromises. Starshine is pretty sure she's right about things, but
finds herself in trouble when her stubbornness gets in the way.
In Fanged Vampire, Starshine, who is a dedicated
arachnophile, discovers that British Columbia does not have a
provincial spider, and decides to launch a campaign to have the
Araneus vampiricus so named. She needs 3,000 signatures to win
the day, but soon runs into difficulties. She counted on her best
friend to help, but they have a fight and aren't speaking. Then,
she discovers The Society for the Preservation of Slugs, and realizes she has a real fight on her hands: the slug is the main food
source for the Fanged Vampire. How she solves her problem and
works out issues with her friend keeps readers focused and
The Starshine series is effective and popular with its pre-
pubescent readership because the heroine deals with the kinds of
real problems kids that age face every day. She's authentic and,
ultimately, true to herself.
Summer 2001   Trek   47 ALUMNI NEWS
Agricultural Sciences — Farm Folk/City
Folk's Feast of Fields on Sunday,
September 9th from 1-5 pm, at the UBC
South Campus Farm. This special annual
harvest festival is combined with the 80th
Anniversary of the first Agricultural
Sciences graduating class of 1921.
Advance tickets can be bought
through FarmFolk/CityFolk at: 604 730-
0450, or at the door.
agsci alumni can request ticket
packages for a Botanical Gardens tour, tea
with Dean Moura Quayle and/or tickets to
the Feast of Fields. Call the UBC South
Campus Farm at 604 822-5092 to make
The Alumni Association's annual
recognition of alumni and friends of UBC.
September 28, Waterfront Centre. For
information call 604 822-3313.
Young alumni programs and events
include networking, financial planning and
career seminars, as well as social, outdoor
and university-related activities.
For more information or to receive
our monthly e-mail newsletter, contact
Tanya Walker, Alumni Programs Officer,
at: 604 822-8643 or twalker@alumni.ubc.ca
The Applied Science reunion for classes '31-'35 was held on June 12, 2001, at Cecil Green Park House.
L-R: Don Smith BA'31, BASc'32, MASc'33, Robert Ellison BASc'33, Micky Thomas BASc'31, Dean Michael
Isaacson, Florence Graham BASc'35, Alan Webster BASc'33
Martha Piper meets Tokyo branch rep Jay Magee
BA'97 at the April 26th reception
UBC Young Alumni monthly networking
socials and meetings:
Successful Entrepreneur Speaker Series
Second Tuesday of every month at Legends
Bar & Grill, 608 Dunsmuir Street (Private
room, downstairs). Networking 5:30-6:30
pm, Speaker 6:30-7:45 pm. Register by
e-mail costello@axion.net or call
604 931-3932 Cost: $5
YA Monthly Meeting & POITS Social
Third Thursday of every month at Sandbar
(on Granville Island). The meeting is at
5:30-6:30 pm, with networking between
6:30-8:00 pm. Free
Career Seminar
"Networking and the Hidden Job Market"
5:30-7:30, November 15, ywca
Downtown, 535 Hornby St.
Continuing Events
Hong Kong - Valerie Tse BA'94 ls tne new
branch program manager. Watch for career
workshops, hikes, corporate lunches and
happy hours on the hk website:
Toronto - Check out the website at
www.geocitics.com/ubctoralum for the
eclectic list of upcoming events. The
legendary Sunday brunches continue.
Los Angeles - Los Angeles alumni and
friends of UBC gathered at the residence of
Consul General Colin Robertson and his
wife, Maureen Boyd ba(hon)'75 May 19th
for a garden lunch. Departing Arts Dean
Alan Tully gave some inspiring words
about UBC's US Studies program and grads
shared experiences from both sides of the
border. Michael Chang bcom'oo is the new
branch representative. Contact him at:
Portland -Jacqueline Chu bcom'88 got
branch events rolling in Portland, Oregon.
She started regular pub nights, organized
UBC's participation in the Earth Day hike,
48   Trek   Summer 2001
Piper / Magee photograph by Christopher Domitter BCorr UPC0MWI6 REUNIO
and came up with Canadiana-theme events. Portland grads can
contact her at: chujacqueline@hotmail.com or 503 605-1438.
Tokyo - Tokyo alumni and friends had a great time at the April
26th Keio Plaza hotel soiree on April 26th. Martha Piper was in
town to recognize UBC Professor Timothy Parsons, recipient of the
prestigious Japan Prize. She and Association President Gregory
Clark bcom'86 LLB'89 hosted the event. UBC's Tokyo branch
representatives, Robin Mah ba'8i and Jay Magee BA'97, are
planning a family-style barbecue near the end of the summer.
Contact Jay at jay.magee@jp.sony.com ior more details.
New York - Watch for networking events beginning in late summer.
Our new executive members are: Jennifer Chuppe ba'oo, Maili
Wong bcom'oi, Philip Liu BCOM'95, llb'oo and Mike Warner
Shanghai - We have established a new branch in Shanghai. Branch
rep Gregory Guo mba'oo invites UBC grads in the area to contact
him at gregoryguo@yahoo.com regarding the next alumni
For information about all upcoming events, consult the
Association's website at: www.alumni.ubc.ca or contact Janis
Connolly, Manager, Branches, at janisc@alumni.ubc.ca or 800 883-
3088 in North America.
Nanaimo - Alumni reception with Martha Piper, September 11
Prince George - Alumni reception with Martha Piper, September 17
Rehab Medicine '91
August 4, Lower Mainland location TBC
Elec Eng '91 -'00
August 11, University Golf Club brunch
Ritsumekan '91
August 13-15, Homecoming for Japanese students
Forestry '71
August 17-19, Coast Whistler Hotel
Commerce '91
September 21-22 POITS, Colin Gourlay Lounge/Diner, Marine Dr. Golf Club
Nursing '66
September 7-8, Victoria
Civil Eng '51
September 19-20, Harrison Hotsprings
Applied sciences '61
October 1, Cecil Green Park Reception
Applied Sciences '71
October S, Cecil Green Park Reception/dinner
Medicine '81
October 5-7, Manteo Resort
Friends of Thunderbird Baseball
October 11, Golf Tournament, Mayfair Lakes. Info: Terry Burns 813-3170
Nursing '71
November 1, trip to Club Med
Class of '41
November 23, graduation ceremony
Forestry and Forest Eng'52
May 14-16, 2002
Mech Eng
Comp Sci/Math '72
28, Royal Vancouver
Yacht Club
The Law Class of '51 held their 5oth year reunion at the Royal Vancouver Yacht
Club in June. The party was a great success, l-r: Margie Daniels, Professor Charles
B. Bourne, Marie Legg and Dean Emeritus George F. Curtis.
MBA '71
September 7/8, Vancouver Club and Royal Hudson
Calling all DMD grads: Want to get together and see what everyone
has been up to? Let us know if we can assist in organizing your 10th
reunion Contact Jane Merling at 604 822-8918
Summer 2001   Trek   49 Murder on The Ranch
Wednesday, October 31, 2001
7:30 PM
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
$20 per person, desserts & no-host bar.
Call 822-3313 to RSVP or email:
alu minfo@alumni. ubc.ca
Special thanks to Roger Haskett BA'86, BFA'91,
MA'92 and Murder Unlimited for staging and
sponsoring this event for the past seven years
Volunteers Needed
There's more than one way to give
back to your university . . .
We need volunteers to help with
this year's reunion weekend,
graduation ceremonies, award
dinner and mentoring programs.
These are fun activities that give
you a chance to meet other grads
and today's students.
If you would like to get involved in
alumni activities, please contact
Jane Merling at 604 822 8918 or
merling@alumni. ubc.ca
UBC Aiumni are invited to attend
Alumni Association
Annual General
September 12, 2001
11:30 for 12 noon
Main floor, Cecil Green Park
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, BC
Luncheon provided to the
first 50 alumni who RSVP
Call 604 822 3313 to make
your reservation.
Victoria - Alumni reception with Martha
Piper, September 21
Seattle - Canadian Consulate
Thanksgiving Gala, October 5
Washington, DC - Canadian Embassy
Tour,  October 18
New York - Canadian Club of New York
Canadian Alumni Reception, October 18
Ottawa - Alumni reception with Martha
Piper, October 23 or 24
Calgary - Alumni breakfast with Martha
Piper, October 29
San Jose - Canucks/Sharks Hockey event,
November 3
Toronto - Alumni reception with Martha
Piper, November 20.
Hong Kong, Korea, Taiwan - Alumni
receptions with Martha Piper, December
Canada Day in London: Grads gather outside
Canada House on July 1. Association board member
Tammie Mark is at left and Brenda Arbuckle,
Commerce business manager, stands beside her.
Chemical Engineering '75 held their 25th
reunion this past year. The first part was held in Las
Vegas, where everyone enjoyed the sights and made
donations to local "charities." The second took
place during Alumni weekend in October. The group
enjoyed golfing and dinner, a tour of Triumf, the
Chemical Engineering Building, and the rest of the
campus. After 25 years not one person had
changed. Well, maybe a few more grey hairs!
Hong Kong Rendezvous: L-R: Diana Mah, Tien-
May Lau, Richard Poon, Andrea Eng, Albert Au. All
graduated with a Commerce degree in 1978. Nearly
25 years later, they met up in a Hong Kong
restaurant to exchange success stories.
UBC Online Community
E-mail forwarding
■■  Mentoring
Class notes
Bulletin Boards
Career Services
Relocation advice
 then dick on the on-line community button
50   Trek   Summer 2001 ALUMNI
Welcome to Reunion Weekend, 2001
I am delighted to invite you back to UBC for the Alumni Reunion Weekend,
Thursday September 27-Sunday September 30, 2001.
For some, reunion weekend will be their first chance to revisit UBC
since graduating. For others, returning to campus is a tradition and a
promise to catch up with old friends they only see once a year. For many,
the weekend will provide an opportunity to show off their alma mater to
family and friends. For everyone, reunion weekend is a chance to reminisce,
visit old haunts, take part in a variety of events and see how much UBC
has changed.
Our reunion committee has been working for nearly a year to plan a
full and memorable weekend. We have added a reunion weekend section to our website at www.alum-
ni.ubc.ca. Browse our weekend calendar of events, check out the reunion schedule and take advantage
of what the campus has to offer. Those who have not set foot on campus for many years will marvel at
the changes.
If your reunion class is not listed and you are interested in being a part of the planning, please call
Jane Merling, Program Coordinator, at 604 822 8918, or e-mail her at merling@alumni.ubc.ca. Or, call
the Alumni Association toll free at 1-800-883-3088.
I look forward to seeing you and hope the weekend will rekindle old friendships, spark fond memories and provide many new ones to enjoy in the future. Tuum est.
Darlene Marzari MSW'68, Chair
Thursday, September 27
Hall of Fame Thunderbird Football Dinner
at the University Golf Club to celebrate first inductees
into the T-bird Football Hall of Fame. Includes celebrity
auction. Call Jerome at 604 822 3874 for info.
Friday, September 28
UBC Alumni Achievement Dinner
at the Waterfront Centre Hotel. Dinner honouring the
2001 award recipients. Call 604 822 3313, or contact
aluminfo@alumni.ubc.ca for info and tickets.
Salute to Thunderbird Football Alumni
Tailgate party, BBQ, live music and awards ceremony at
the Thunderbird stadium, 4 pm. Game: 'Birds vs. U of M
Bisons, 7:30 pm. Call 604 822 3874 for info.
UBC Ladybirds Dance Team, Cheerleaders and
Booster Club
Wine & cheese social at St. James' College, UBC campus. Former cheerleaders, majorettes, and Booster Club
members can contact Jo-Ann Chiu at jsnchiu@hot-
mail.com for info.
'O-Year' Reunion
at the Thunderbird Stadium to welcome back latest
2001 grads. Tailgate party, live band, BBQ, prizes, football game. Call Tanya Walker, 604 822 8643 for info.
Law students' Bzzr Up
Official opening of the Career Development Centre.
With a live band. All alumni are invited to attend. From
3 pm at the Law School (sponsored by the law firm of
Fasken, Martineau & DuMoulin)
Commerce '76
POITS, Royal Vancouver Yacht Club, contact Catherine
Newlands at 604 822 6068 for info.
Applied Science '51
Luncheon at UBC Asian Centre
Mech Eng '51
Dinner at University Golf Club
Pharmacy '76 Wine & Cheese reception at Cecil
Green Park House
Saturday, September 29
Alumni Reunion Weekend Kick Off
Class reunion check-in at the Chan Centre, 9:30 am.
Coffee & cinnamon buns, welcome by President
Martha Piper. Free parking at the Rose Garden.
Pharmacy Practice Centre Laboratory
Visits from 11 am - 4pm at the George Cunningham
Building. Student displays, research posters, etc. Coffee
& cinnamon buns.
Fort Camp Residence
Did you ever live at Fort Camp? Come visit with your
old neighbours. Lunch at Green College Reception
Room. Walking tour of campus, Salmon BBQ & evening
program at the Botanical Gardens. For more information contact Jane Merling at: 604 822 8918, or mer-
ling@alumni. ubc. ca.
UBC Nursing Alumni & Friends Luncheon
All grads invited. Years to note: 76, '81, '86, '91, '96.
Lunch at UBC Botanical Gardens, 12:30 pm. $10 mem
bers, $15 non-members and guests. Includes entry to
Gardens. Recognition awards with speaker Lenore
Riddell CNS, Specialized Women's Health, Children's &
Women's Health Centre of BC. Call Jane for info & tickets 604 822 8918, toll free: 800 883 3088. Check out
the website: www.nursing.ubc.ca/docs/Alumni.htm
Baseball Alumni Division
Golf at Eaglequest (Musqueam), 9:30 am. "Past vs.
Present" game at the Nat Bailey Stadium. Features
Alumni Recognition "Over the Years" 1949-1964 vs
1997-2001. BBQ & Bzzr Garden, at the Bullpen, 4 pm
For more information, contact Gary Sinclair at 604 684
6192, or sinc@humanperformance.ca
Alumni & Friends Luncheon
Green College. Guest Speaker Dr. Charles E. Slonecker
"Human Evolution: Why Are There Six Billion of Us?"
$20 per person. RSVP & tickets, call 604 822-3313
Major Entrance Scholarship Reception
By invitation only
Pharmacy '76
Dinner at University Golf Club
Applied Sciences '51
Lunch at CEME Bldg., & tour
Commerce '51
Lunch at the David Lam Management Research Centre
Civil Eng '61
Dinner at Cecil Green Park
Class of'36
Luncheon at the Dodson Heritage Room, Main Library
Dentistry '76
Reunion at the Terminal City Club
Physical Education '51
BBQ at Ross's home.
Education '76 & '91
Lunch with the Dean, Scarfe Bldg.
Social Work '76
Agricultural Sciences & Home Economics 1951-
1954 Reunion
Luncheon at Cecil Green Park House
Architecture '51-'64
Reception & dinner at University
Centre t
Sunday, September 30
AIOO 75th Anniversary
High Tea at The Secret
Garden, 5559 West
Boulevard, Vancouver, 2 pm.    ^B^
$17.95 per person. Seating limited.^^^^^
Contact Carolyn Rhee-Thompson, 609-7828, or Marjorie
Stevens at: stevema@axionet.com
Visit www.alumni.ubc.ca for
Reunion Weekend updates.
Summer 2001   Trek   51 LLAbb   A\. I 3      Find out who's doing what and where they're doing it . . .
R.G. Rogers BCOM'49 and wife were
pleased to welcome their first great grandson, Luke Brian Lovercheck, on July 14,
2000, in Corvallis, or.
H. Peter Oberlander, professor emeritus,
Community & Regional Planning, has
been appointed a judge in Canada's
Citizenship Court for the British Columbia
and Yukon Circuit. This is Oberlander's
fourth year as judge, with special responsibilities for impending new Federal
Citizenship legislation and its urban
The venerable Ronald Harrison ba'68 has
moved from parish work into the diocesan
offices of the Anglican Church as the executive archdeacon ... Gary Rupert ba'68 has
joined the UBC faculty of Education as a
program coordinator in the Teacher
Education Office. Prior to this appointment, he was a teacher and administrator
in a number of bc school districts as well
as the first executive director of the bc
Festival of the Arts and an executive member of various provincial and national arts
education organizations ... The Society of
Automotive Engineers has awarded
Michael Seal BA'63, founder and director
of the Vehicle Research Institute at
Western Washington University, its prestigious Excellence in Engineering (Triple
"e") Award. The only nominee of nearly
60,000 engineers, business executives, educators and students, Seal was honoured for
his outstanding contributions made to
Engineering Education Board activities ...
Dr. Gerry Staley bed'6i has just published
a book called Just Walk It!, a guide for
self-directed walking vacations in Britain.
Haig Farris ba'6o has been awarded
the Bill Thompson Award by the BC
Technology Industries Association.
The award recognizes his contribution
to the BC technology industry.
After UBC, Haig earned his lld
from the University of Pennsylvania
and practised law in Vancouver from
1963-1968. He co-founded Ventures
West in 1972., at the time the largest
venture capital pool in Western
Canada. He is currently president of
Fractal Corp., a company that
finances high-tech startups and
resource service technology companies. He is also an adjunct professor at
UBC, teaching a course on entrepre-
neurship and financing high-tech companies.
He is a well-respected volunteer in
Vancouver, serving on a number of
boards including the Vancouver
Foundation, Science World, the
Vancouver Opera, Waterfront Theatre,
Playhouse Theatre and many more.
He served as President of the Alumni
Association from 1997 to 1999. UBC
awarded him an honorary doctorate
of laws degree in 1997.
It's based on 30 years of long distance
walks in England, Scotland and Wales.
Check out: http://www.justwalkit.com for
more details ... Shannon Purves-Smith
BMus'71, recorders and viols, along with
Anne McKenzie, viola de gamba, and
Magdalena Tomsinksa, lute, has released a
cd called Greensleaves, also the name of
their Renaissance ensemble. The album has
been aired on cbc, and is available at
Nicola Cavendish BA'76 continues her successful career as one of Canada's best-
known actors. Cavendish has performed in
most major Canadian theatre venues, and
her film credits include 1992 Cannes winner The Grocer's Wife. She recently played
Nana in Michel Tremblay's For the
Pleasure of Seeing Her Again, in
Washington, DC ... Earlier this year, tenor
Ben Heppner BA'79, lld'97 became one of
the last recipients of a Judith Chalmers
award. The prestigious cultural awards —
worth $25,000 apiece — have gone to 13
artists each year since 1973. Chalmers
prefers to see the awards terminated, and
the same sum of money split among a
greater number of artists ... Patricia Jones
BED'74 will receive an ma in Personal
Counselling from City University in
Seattle. Patricia has a counselling practice
in Duncan and her husband, Don Jones
BSF'74, is now stationed at Holberg with
Western Forest Products.
Cathy (Brister) Abercrombie BED'83 completed an med in Curriculum and
Instruction — Understanding Second
Language Learning at Simon Fraser
University last October ... Dan Graham
llb'88 and wife Cindy Liboiron went on a
five-month 26,000 km motorcycle trek
around Australia. They are now enjoying
52   Trek   Summer 2001 ORIAM
being at home in Victoria, but are missing
the desert heat ... Michael Klassen BA'85
and wife Stacey Fruin celebrated the
arrival of their daughter, Sophie Elizabeth,
on March 17, 2001. Michael and family
live in Vancouver where he runs Thinking
Cap Media, an Internet services company
... Herb Ono llb'86 has been made a partner with Clark, Wilson. He joined the law
firm in 1996 and is a member in the firm's
business law department, in the area of
corporate finance and securities ... James
A. Speakman LLB'85 also joins Clark,
Wilson, as a partner in the Business Law
Department. He has held senior executive
positions in real estate and investment
companies for the past decade.
Ian Baird BSC'94, PHD'99 and Kerry Baird
BSc'94 are proud to announce the birth of
their first baby, Sadie Caroline, born April
26, 2000, in Vancouver. Ian is a senior scientist at a local pharmaceutical company,
and Kerry is with the Salmonid Renewal
Program of Fisheries Renewal bc ... Linda
Campbell BCOM'95 is now finance director
with eBay (United Kingdom) Ltd. The role
is a challenging one but having been vice
president scholarship in her collegiate
sorority chapter, Campbell already has
experience in a senior role and is used to
public speaking ... It's a boy for Shawn
Corbishley BA'90 and wife Ileen. Ashton
arrived on March 14, 2001 ... Dafna
Eylon PHD'93, a Richmond University professor, is among the ti recipients of the
2001 Outstanding Faculty Awards, the
Commonwealth's highest honour for faculty members of Virginia colleges and universities ... Lisa Freeman-Grant BA'97, a
paralegal with the nonprofit Bet Tzedek
Legal Services in la's Fairfax district, is
one of the nation's leading experts on
Holocaust reparations. She spends much of
her time holding workshops in Southern
California for Holocaust survivors. She
also worked as a researcher for Canadian
children's author Carol Matas' book War
Within ... After working for Deloitte
Touche Tohmatsu, Philip Morris Asia
Limited, and the Securities and Futures
Commission in Hong King, William Fung
BCOM'93 joined Hong Kong Hostels
Association as general manager last
October ... Jamie Hunter BA'95 recently
celebrated his first anniversary of employment with I.Tel Corporation. He is taking
care of business in Asia, and welcomes
calls from friends passing through the
area: 2520-6290 ... Del Elgersma LLB'91
was elected president of the Saanich
Peninsula Chamber of Commerce for
2001. Del is a partner in a business and
estate planning law practice. Karen
(Jonasson) Elgersma BFA'91 is a tv
reporter in Victoria. They live in Sidney
with their 6 year old daughter Charlotte
... Paul Lawrence MFA'96 has been
appointed director of Yale's Center for
Media Initiatives ... John Mundie MLs'94,
his wife, Catherine Lawrence, and daughter Jessica are happy to welcome Jackson
James (April 23, 2001) to their family
(UBC, 2021?) They live and work in
Ottawa ... Linda Ong BA'94 nas joined
Volunteer Vancouver as communications
manager. Her non-profit background
includes working with Apparel bc, the
Vancouver Asian Heritage Month Society,
and serving as a board member for the
Vancouver chapter of the National
Association of Asian American
Professionals. Ong was previously communications coordinator for fored bc, an
environmental education association ...
Rebecca Walters BFA'92 played the role of
Alizon Eliot in the Vagabond Players production of Christopher Fry's The Lady's
Not for Burning, which ran last March at
the Bernie Legge Theatre, in New
Westminster ... Arthur Wolak ba'90,
dip(art hist)'94 received his mba from
the University of Colorado last May and
was inducted into the Beta Gamma Sigma
Honour Society for high scholastic
achievement in business studies.
Dr. Philip Akrigg BA'37 of Calgary,
February 8, 2001 ... John Neil Murdoch
Allan BA'49 of Vancouver, March 22, 2001
... Elsie Laura Anderson (nee Smellie)
BA'45 ofVancouver, March T9, 2001 ...
William Charles Brown bsc(agr)'28,
December 18, 2000 ... James D. Burwell
bsc(agr)'49 of Scarborough, on ... Elaine
Chu (nee Kim) BSN'79 of Richmond, bc,
February 25, 2000 ... Murray Elliott, associate dean, Teacher Education, March,
2001 ... Ewald Friedrich ofVancouver,
February 20, 2001 ... Clotilde Gibson
(wife of Dr. William Gibson), February 4,
2001 ... M.M. "Mac" Gilchrist
bsc(agr)'48 ofVictoria, bc, February 13,
2001 ... William Hooson msw'53 of West
Vancouver, May 18, 2001 ... George
Robert Alexander Howey BASC'49,
MASC'51, peng, fcns of Deep River, on,
on May 2, 2001. He was retired executive
director of Ontario Hydro, Nuclear
Division, and was also founding member
and first president of the Canadian
Nuclear Society ... Howard Earl Johnston
RA'57, BED'58, MED'6r of Salmon Arm,
bc, June 5, 2001 ... Talis E. Kalnins
BSc'64, PENG'75 of North Vancouver,
December 19, 2000 ... Theodore (Ted)
Koelewyn bsc(pharm)'79 of Williams
Lake, bc, February 10, 2001 ... Eileen
Koerner BA'41 ofVancouver, March 24,
2001 ... William H. Montgomery BA'58,
LLB'59 died in London, England, in April
2001. He was deputy secretary-general of
the Commonwealth Secretariat,
Department of Foreign Affairs ... Ernest
Moon bsc(pharm)'6i of Duncan, bc ...
Mike Potkonjak ba'9t ofVancouver, June
19, 2000 ... Otto B. Smith BCOM'48,
February 19, 2001 ... Walter David
Touzeau bsc(agr)'34 of Delta, bc,
November 27, 2000 ... Christopher
Michael Evelyn West BA'52 of Cowichan
Bay, bc, March 16, 2001 ... Peter D.
Wildsmith dip(urban land econom-
ics)'66 of St. Catharines, on ... George
Alexander Wilson basc(elec eng)'57 of
Vancouver, February r4, 2001.
Summer 2001   Trek   53 IN MEMORIAM
Harry Weiner (1922-2000) basc (chem eng)'43
Harry was an international business consultant
for nearly 20 years, establishing joint-venture
international operations for us corporations.
He established n overseas corporations
covering operational territories in 28 countries.
Prior to this, he worked for Diamond
Shamrock Corporation in a number of
positions, including manager of International
Operations. Under his management, the
International Division grew from one operation
in Mexico to 21 operating companies in 14
countries, with sales of approximately $500
From 1943-48, Harry was an officer with
the Royal Canadian Engineers. He lived in the
US, France, Taiwan, Japan, Brazil and Mexico
and was fluent in English, French, Spanish,
German, Portuguese and Hebrew. He also
majored in Advanced Management at the
Columbia University School of Business.
Stanley Nash
(1916-2001) Professor Emeritus, Statistics.
Stanley Nash came to UBC in 1950 as assistant
professor of Mathematics and research
consultant after completing his phd at the
University of California, Berkeley. He was the
only statistician in the department at the time
and for many years later.
Before friendly statistical software, his
services as a consultant were much sought after,
providing help with a very large electrical
calculator. He also created the first statistics
courses in Mathematics and taught them until
he retired in 1981.
Stanley's position of professor emeritus
was transferred to the department of Statistics
shortly after it was created in 1983. There he
continued his scholarly activities, remaining
active throughout his retirement. He was
dedicated to learning and maintained an active
interest in a great variety of fields.
Mohammed "Mo" Auyuab
(1928-2001) phd(elec eng)'65
Born in San Fernando, Trinidad, Mohammed
came to Canada in 1949. He earned his BSC
and msc at the University of Manitoba before
coming to UBC to complete his PHD in
electrical engineering.
Mo joined the Department of National
Defence's Naval Research Establishment, later
called the Defence Research Establishment
Atlantic, Dartmouth, in 1954. He worked as a
defence scientist in acoustics, signal processing,
and applied mathematics. He later managed the
Applied Math Section and was also responsible
for central computer facilities. He retired in
Mo was the father of table tennis in Nova
Scotia. He was on the executive committee of
the Nova Scotia Table Tennis Association from
1971 until the mid 1990s, and was president
for many of those years. He played a key role
in coordinating the National Championships in
Halifax in 1971 and 198T. As National
Officials chairman, he created the program that
produces many top Canadian international
officials. He received numerous national and
provincial awards.
Mo's ethics, organizational skills and
friendship set an enduring example for the table
tennis community. He was one of the patriarchs
of the West Indian community and a mentor to
many. Mo's words of wisdom and sound advice
were deeply appreciated, his thoughtfulness
and kindness were renowned. He was a man
respected by all.
David G.H. Frood (1924-2001) BA'48, MA'51
David was founding chairman of Physics at
Lakehead University. He enrolled in mathematics at UBC in 1942, but discontinued studies the
following year to join the war effort. He served
in the Royal Canadian Engineers as a Sapper
until October, T945. He returned to UBC to
complete his degree, and in T949 became a
research scientist with the Aeronautics
Department of the National Research Council
(nrc) in Ottawa.
After earning his masters, David resumed
his research career in Ottawa with NRC, and
later transferred to the Defence Research Board.
In 1955, he studied for his phd at the University
of Liverpool, England.
For the next two decades, David worked as
a scientist on several classified research projects.
In T966, he accepted a post as full professor and
chairman of Physics at the then brand new
Lakehead University.
David was active in the community, serving
on the Board of Directors of St. Joseph's
General Hospital and the founding Board of
Directors of St. Joseph's Heritage. During his
second sabbatical at Trinity College, he met and
eventually married his second wife, Sheelagh
McGowan. He retired in 1989.
His love of nature was expressed through
gardening, landscaping and hiking. David
enjoyed manual work, his last project a perfect
one-sixteenth-scale replica of a clinker-built
Richard (Richie) Deane basc(elec ENGC34 (1912 -2001) and Fiona Deane (nee Sutherland) BA'33 (1911-2001)
Richie was from a large pioneering family on Kootenay
Lake near Riondel, bc. During his time at UBC, he
was active in the Varsity Outdoor Club, where he
met Fiona.
After graduating, Richie was employed at Trail,
bc, by Cominco and its subsidiary West Kootenay
Power. During a 43-year career, he became chief electrical engineer and senior consulting engineer, playing
important roles in Cominco's major expansion of large
industrial facilities, including those at Trail, Kimberley,
Pine Point Mines and their associated power systems — especially
the transmission line to Kimberley with its two-mile crossing over
Kootenay Lake.
Richie was respected for his broad technical knowledge and many
innovative designs. Two of Richie's sons and three of his grandsons followed in his footsteps as engineering students at UBC and the
University of Calgary
As well as his professional endeavours, Richie was a founding
member and first president of the Red Mountain Ski Club. He presented papers on the Columbia River Treaty projects in 1964 in an effort to
reduce flooding in the Arrow Lakes Valley. Richie maintained all interests until his peaceful passing at home on April 12, 2001.
Fiona ("Pony") was raised in Nelson, bc, and
Vancouver. She and Richie were married in 1938 and
resided in the Kootenays for 63 years, raising three children and later enjoying nine grandchildren and four great
Fiona became the centre of this extended family
and well known in the wider Kootenay community
through her interest in people, painting, poetry and literature and her participation in many outdoor activities.
Fiona had an exceptional range of friends of all ages who
shared her curiosity and appreciation of good conversation, adventure
and a spirited approach to life. She and Richie travelled extensively.
Fiona passed away peacefully at home following a brief illness, seven
weeks after losing Richie.
54   Trek   Summer 2001 Bernard George Webber
(19J4-2000) ba'sjo, MA'62
Born in Winnipeg, Bernard attended the
University of Manitoba until lack of money during the depression forced his withdrawal. He
served as secretary to J.S. Woodsworth, who
later became the first leader of the Cooperative
Commonwealth Federation (ccf), forerunner of
the ndp. Bernard was a delegate to the 1933
founding convention of the CCF, pursuing
improved social conditions for the economically
He moved to Vancouver Island in 1935
where he met his wife, Jean, and graduated in
1938 with first class honours from Provincial
Normal School in Victoria. Bernard was elected
to the bc Legislature as the representative for
Similkameen, and was the youngest sitting MLA
between 1941-45.
He returned to teaching, earned his UBC
degrees, and then became principal of Richmond
High School. In 1965, Bernard was director of
Instruction in Vernon, and then moved on to
become district superintendent in Kitimat, the
South Okanagan and Keremeos School Districts.
He was seconded to the Ministry of Education in
Victoria as superintendent of Special Services in
1977, and retired in 1979.
Bernard had a life-long interest in learning.
He promoted the development and maintenance
of libraries. While a superintendent in 1979, the
Canadian Association of School Librarians
named him "Administrator of the Year.''
Bernard encouraged the development of
courses in First Nations languages and cultures
during his time in Kitimat, and later Victoria.
William Alexander Bruce Ewen
(1917-2000) BASc'52, edcert'62
Bruce Ewen was born in Waldeck,
Saskatchewan. His father was blacksmith Tom
Ewen, who later became Tom McEwen, labour
organizer and Communist Party leader.
Bruce left school in grade 10, and worked
as a machinist for an elevator company. He
fought with the MacKenzie-Papineau Battalion
of the International Brigades in the Spanish Civil
War, met Hemingway and Bethune, heard Paul
Robeson sing "Old Man River" in a bombed-
out church, was buried alive in a trench when a
bomb exploded nearby, and survived a bout of
typhus. Only a few days before his death, Bruce
received a citation and a commemorative medal
from Spain in gratitude for his fight against
In 1939 he returned to Canada, and got a
job as a linotype operator in Val d'Or, Quebec.
He was promptly fired for refusing to set into
print an editorial that applauded Chamberlain
and Hitler as peacemakers. He enlisted in the
Signal Corps of the Canadian Army in Italy and
in Holland, and was decorated five times for his
Bruce never used his engineering degree
professionally, but instead earned a teacher's certificate. His children have established a scholarship for excellence in Mathematics at Carson
Graham School in North Vancouver, where he
was head of the Mathematics Department from
Bruce will be remembered for his teaching
of life and love, and for his high ideals, which
remained untarnished by life.
Dr. Paul Trussell bsc(agr)'38
Paul graduated in agriculture in 1938 and was
awarded a phd in Bacteriology at the University
of Wisconsin in 1943. Working in Montreal, he
contributed substantially to the development of
early antibiotics. In 1947 he was appointed head
of Applied Biology in the bc Research Council
and succeeded Dr. Gordon Shrum as director of
the council in 1961. In a few years, by aggressive
leadership, he developed the council significantly
and before his retirement in 1980 had secured a
fine new building on the south campus.
Dr. Trussell was very active in promoting
industrial research in underdeveloped countries
for the United Nations. He was the dynamo
behind the formation of the World Association
of Industrial and Technological Research
Organizations (waitro) and was the first secretary general from 1970 to 1978. In 1972, he
received the waitro Award of Honour for his
outstanding contribution to the association.
Paul and his wife Helen established a substantial university scholarship to assist students
from the West Kootenay area in studying at
Simon Fraser University and UBC.
Dr. Gordon Thomas Filmer-Bennett
(1914-2001) BA'41, MA'46
Gordon was born in New Westminster on June
4, 1914. During his time at UBC, he earned a
degree in English Literature and Philosophy, followed by a Masters in Psychology and
Philosophy. He received his phd in Clinical
Psychology from the University of Pittsburgh in
1951. He was on the faculty of universities in
Nebraska, Oregon and Wisconsin, and served
with the Wisconsin department of Health &
Social Services' Division of Corrections, as well
as the Wisconsin Bureau of Clinical Services. He
was awarded the title "Diplomate in Clinical
Psychology" from the American Board of
Examiners in Professional Psychology, and was a
life member of the Canadian Psychological
Association, American Psychological Association,
Society for Personality Assessment, and Society
of the Sigma Xi. From 1989, he resided with his
wife, Arjean, on Orcas Island in Washington.
Marian Williams (1912-2000)
Born in Regina to Welsh immigrants, Marian
Williams moved with her parents and two younger
siblings to Vancouver in 1918. After high school,
she left bc to attend the University of Manitoba,
but returned two years later and graduated from
St. Paul's School of Nursing in 1936.
The Second World War prompted Marian to
join the South African Military Nursing Service
and she spent three years nursing wounded allies in
Pretoria and Durban.
After the war, Marian continued her career in
the health field by taking a public health course at
UBC, then nursing for another three years at the
United Church Hospital in Bella Coola.
In the early '50s, Marian moved to Alert Bay,
bc, to become the federal government's Indian
Health Services nurse. She joined in with the community's activities by playing the organ at church
and also provided musical accompaniment for the
local Glee Club. A few years after arriving at Alert
Bay, she was transferred north to care for Native
communities around the Prince Rupert area.
By the mid '50s, Marian had moved to the
San Francisco Bay area, where she earned a bsc in
nursing from UC Berkeley. In the early '60s, she
returned to UBC for further training before becoming a government social worker and later on, an
adoptions officer in Surrey.
After her retirement, Marian cared for her
aging mother, and later lived in White Rock and
Richmond. She remained an active member of her
ex-service and nursing associations, the University
Women's Club, and various choral groups.
Dr. Maury Van Vliet, UBC Co-Director of
Intramurals and Physical Education (1936-1945)
Maury Van Vliet showed early promise in his
athletics career at the University of Oregon, before
moving north to join UBC at the age of 22. For
nearly 10 years, he served alongside Gertrude
Moore as co-director of intramurals and physical
Van Vliet was a source of inspiration for the
new intramural program and he helped to elevate
the status of athletics at the university — initiating
the idea for a degree program in physical education (which eventually came to fruition under the
direction of Bob Osborne). He was also a gifted
coach for UBC's football, basketball, track and
boxing teams. Under Van VHet's  leadership,
notable UBC successes include a provincial football
championship in 1939 and two Canadian basketball championships.
Later, he moved on to the University of
Alberta where he continued to excel as a basketball coach and was a major player behind the decision to hold the Commonwealth Games in
Van Vliet was inducted into the UBC Athletic
Hall of Fame in 1993. He died shortly after returning home from the University of Alberta's annual
Sports Wall of Fame ceremony.   ♦
Summer 2001   Trek   55 11 E   UNIVERSITY   OF   BRITISH   C O L I) M B 1 A
The Benefits of Membership
Whaf can the Alumni Association
do for you?
As one of 200,000 graduates of
the University of British
Columbia worldwide, you and
UBC are partners for life.
The Alumni Association keeps
vou in touch with vour alma
mater hy developing interesting
activities for you to become
involved in. and by offering you
goods and services at attractive
Our reunions, student events,
programs for graduates of specific
faculties and branch events for
far-flung alumni serve our members around the world.
You can visit our Web site [
more information, or call ou
offices at 604 822 33 13 or, toll
free, 800 883 3088.
- We help you organize a great reunion with the old gang.
- 43 reunions in 2000/01
Young Alumni
Social, financial and networking activities for young grads,
Murder Mystery parties, mentoring.
- With 21 international branches, and more across Canada, there's
a UBC connection where you are.
itudent Services
We partner with other UBC units for Imagine UBC, mentoring
programs and career networking.
- We generate scholarships, bursaries and financial aid for special
Trek Magazine
\lews, profiles of your peers, thought-provoking ideas and articles
ill about UBC, three times a year.
Member Services
- Merchandise, travel programs, MBNA MasterCard, insurance,
frames, e-mail newsletter
UBC Online Community
- E-mail forwarding
- Class notes
- Bulletin Boards
Career Sei vices
- Relocation advice
have its privileges.The Alum
click on the on-line community button
S25+ GST, is worth its weight in g
UBC Library borrowing card ($100 value).
- Trek Magazine, three times a year.
- Discounts on Internet access.
- 2 for 1 admission to the I
- "Music at the Chan" series special prices.
- Discounts on Media Services printing.
- UBC Fitness discounts. . . and much more.


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