UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

Trek [2002-03]

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2   Trek   Spring 2002 Trek
SPRING    2002
5     |  Take Note
14   |   Coming to Love, Asking
An emeritus professor talks about the love of his literary life. By John Hulcoop
18   |   Change Your Mind
New treatments for psychological disfunction promise hope. By Diane Haynes
26      William New - Cubist Collage
A look at ubc's CanLit star. By Ellen Schwartz
31   |   Liberal Smarts
Your BA is worth more than the paper it's printed on. By Vanessa Clarke
54   |  The Birds of British Columbia
The last volume of the set completes a master study. By Chris Petty
25 | Letters
34 | The Arts
36 | Books
38 | Class Acts
41 | In Memoriam
44 | Alumni News
47 I Convocation Elections
The Magazine of the University of British Columbia
Editor Christopher Petty, mfa'86
Designer Chris Dahl
Assistant Editor Vanessa Clarke
Board of Directors
President Gregory Clark, bcom'86, LLB'89
Senior VP Jane Hungerford, BED'67
Past President Linda Thorstad, BSc'77, MSc'84
Treasurer Tammie Mark, bcom'88
Members at Large '00 - '02
John Grunau, BA'67
Darlene Marzari, MSW'68
Colm Smith, BASC'65
Members at Large '01 - '03
David Elliott, BCOM'69
Martin Ertl, BSC'93
Billy Wan, BCOM'82
Executive Director
Agnes Papke, bsc(agr)'66
Editorial Committee
Vanessa Clarke
Chris Dahl
Sid Katz
Scott Macrae
Christopher Petty
Herbert Rosengarten
Trek (formerly the UBC Alumni Chronicle) is
published three times a year by the UBC Alumni
Association and distributed free of charge to UBC alumni
and friends. Opinions expressed in the magazine do not
necessarily reflect the views of the Alumni Association or
the university. Letters to the editor are welcome. Address
correspondence to:
Christopher Petty, Editor
UBC Alumni Association,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, BC, Canada  v6T 1Z1
or send e-mail to cpetty@alumni.ubc.ca.
Letters will be published at the editor's discretion
and may be edited for space.
For advertising rates and information, contact
the editor at 604-822-8914.
Contact Numbers at UBC
Address Changes 822-8921
Cover: "Igor Stravinsky," 1925
Etching by Swiss sculptor Marcel Amiguet,
and part of the H. Colin Slim Stravinsky Collection
at the UBC Library. See page 34
Alumni Association
toll free 800-883-3088
Trek Editor
ubc Info Line
Alma Mater Society
Campus Tours
Continuing Studies
Development Office
Belkin Gallery
Chan Centre
Frederic Wood Theatre
Museum of Anthropolc
Volume 56, Number 4
Printed in Canada by Mitchell Press  ISSN 0824-1279
Canadian Publications Mail Product Sales Agreement # 40063528
Spring 2002   Trek   3 great expectations
between the lines
Flipping through a local paper a few
Saturdays ago, I came across a review
of a novel by Michael V. Smith, a recent
MFA graduate of the Creative Writing
department (Cumberland, Cormorant
Books). Grads from that program may
not make up a Who's Who of Canadian
letters, but names like Zsuzsi Gartner,
Madeleine Thien, Stephanie Bolster and
Andreas Schroeder might echo in some
readers' minds. It produces good writers.
Getting a novel published is a feat in
itself, but getting a review in a major
paper is an amazing stroke of fortune.
Even so, Mr. Smith is unlikely to make
more than a few dollars from his success.
I'm a graduate of the same program.
I haven't kept track of all my classmates,
but of those I have, one has published a
number of children's books and a couple
of non-fiction books; maybe half a dozen
more have published a book of poetry
or fiction; some continue to publish the
odd story or poem in journals, but all
of them do something else to earn their
livings. I can't think of any one of them
who makes significant money at what
might strictly be called "creative writing."
The sad fact is that only those in the very
top echelon of Canadian poets and fiction
writers make anything like a living wage.
And yet none of them regrets for a
moment taking the degree.
Some from my class teach, others work
as journalists or freelancers, still others
work around the writing area as editors,
publishers or publicists. Most have jobs
with no connection whatsoever to writing.
It's odd. Not only is there no guarantee
of a job when you finish, you know at the
outset that jobs in the field don't exist!
Just the same, people clamor to get in the
program, and it's one of the best in North
It's become a popular notion to think
that a university education must have a
tangible payoff - a job - as its goal.
Creative Writing, like many other
programs in the humanities and social
sciences, has different goals. It uses its
discipline to focus and hone students' minds
in a particular way, and hopes, of course,
to produce graduates who are successful
writers. Mostly, though, it wants to produce
graduates who understand - and use - their
own creative processes. What they do with
that - as bestselling authors, insightful
teachers or happy grocery clerks - isn't the
point. Nor should it be.
But congratulations to Mr. Smith. It's
that kind of success that makes us proud.
Trek Magazine has won three silver
awards at the annual Council for the
Advancement and Support of Education
conference in Portland, Oregon. The
awards are for best magazine, best design
and best writing. CASE is an international
organization for university development
and alumni affairs professionals.
- Chris Petty MFA'86 Editor
Vanessa Clarke is assistant
editor of Trek Magazine. She
was born in the United Kingdom,
came to Canada in 1994 and
became a citizen. She has been
based in Vancouver since 1998,
and is a graduate of the Douglas
College Print Futures program.
Her writing has been featured in a
number of local publications.
Diane Haynes BA'88 (Religious
Studies) pursued a career in publishing,
helping to launch Vancouver's
Boulevard arts magazine and the
nationally distributed career mag,
REALM. She lives and works in
Vancouver as a writer and performer,
and is discovering ways, — such as
writing children's books — to combine
her background in the arts with a
growing commitment to animal welfare.
John Hulcoop taught English at UBC
from 1956 to 1992. He taught senior
courses on Victorian poetry, prose and
fiction, Virginia Woolf and some Canadian
writers. His poetry has appeared in many
Canadian magazines and journals. He has
published two volumes of poetry, Three-
ring Circus Songs, and, most recently,
Untuning the Sky. He reviews Seattle
Opera productions for Opera News in
New York, and has appeared on the CBC's
"Saturday Afternoon at the Opera" quiz.
Ellen Schwartz MFA'88 is the
author of the Starshine series of
books for children; Mr. Belinski's
Diamond, Jesse's Star and, most
recently, I'm a Vegetarian, a book
to help teens interested in making
the switch to a vegetarian diet. Her
last piece for Trek Magazine was
"The Striptease Project," which won
a silver award from the Council for
the Advancement and Support of
4   Trek   Spring 2002 UBC
The Oyster of an Idea
]DThe substitution of artificial implants
for ailing body parts is becoming more
widespread. But this good news is buffered
by bad: the materials used to replace living
tissues (such as titanium, polymer cement
and ceramics) break down in the body,
necessitating eventual replacement.
Assistant professor Rizhi Wang of
UBC's department of Metals and Materials
Engineering is seeking to better those
biomaterials currently in use. Taking his
inspiration from nature, Wang wants to
improve the interface between an implant
and surrounding bone, with the ultimate goal
of generating new tissue growth. He calls
his field of research Bio-Inspired Materials
Design and Processing because he doesn't
aim to copy nature so much as draw ideas
from natural design. He has explored several
natural materials including sea urchins and
alligator teeth and has also examined how
an oyster produces mother of pearl. Human
teeth, too, have divulged some information:
Wang discovered that a thin, soft layer
situated between the outer enamel and inner
dentin layer avoids problems that might
otherwise arise from the myriad of cracks on
a tooth's surface.
In addition to his interface research, Wang
is also studying how patterns on different
surfaces impact the contact point between
bones, teeth and biomaterials. He is also
scrutinizing bone on a nanoscale to try to
establish the causes behind deformity and
Driven to Distraction
QDRoad congestion, cell phones and
distracting dashboard gizmos are making
driving an increasingly hazardous activity.
The antidote could lie in UBC research
exploring the possibilities of intelligent
human-car interfaces.
Assistant Prof. Rizhi Wang of Metals and Materials Engineering is learning how oysters create
mother of pearl. From there, he hopes to build better replacement parts for human joints and tissues.
Advances in technology mean that
more and more information is potentially
available to drivers. Benefits might include
a computer warning a driver about the
presence of another vehicle in her blind
spot, or advising on road conditions to
avoid back-ups or danger. These may work,
but the research team's major concern
is to avoid arbitrary adoption of new
technologies, without considering their
impact on human users.
Project Coordinator Ronald Rensink
says there is a danger that drivers might be
presented with too much information. "The
key to making driving safe and comfortable
is to combine knowledge of the perceptual
and cognitive systems of humans with
knowledge of the driving task itself so that
only the relevant information is delivered,"
he says.
Rensink and his team are considering the
cognitive and perceptual limitations on the
delivery of information and are also exploring
which of the human senses are most suitable
for receiving specific types of information.
The research is funded by a $1.4 million
grant from Nissan Motor Co. Rensink, an
assistant professor at UBC in both Psychology
and Computer Science, has worked with the
company before during a six-year stint with
Cambridge Basic Research, a partnership
between the Massachusetts Institute of
technology (mit), Harvard and Nissan.
When the Cambridge lab closed, Rensink
suggested that Nissan continue the research
at UBC. Although MIT was also vying for the
Dhotograph by Martin Dee
UBC is well on its way to
becoming the foremost research
university in Canada. The work we
do here is drawing attention - and
funding - from around the world.
This attention is well-founded, and
it's a testament to the men and
women who have chosen UBC as
their university, as faculty, students
and staff.
When the media focuses on
research, however, it tends to think
"Science." What's often forgotten is
that UBC is a leader in "non-science"
funding as well, and produces breakthrough scholarly studies
and research across the disciplines in the social sciences and
humanities. One way of gauging this success is by comparing the
number of research grants we receive from the Social Science and
Humanities Research Council (sshrc) with other universities in
The competition for sshrc funding is very stiff. On average,
only 40% of the sshrc applications from Canadian universities
are funded. UBC's average is more than 55%. Over the past seven
years, UBC has ranked either first or second in the country for the
success rate of sshrc grants awarded annually, which is in itself
a strong indicator of the value placed on our social science and
humanities research. It's also instructive to note that the largest
Canada Foundation for Innovation (cfi) grant this year, $17.5
million, was given to our Museum of Anthropology. Clearly, the
social sciences and humanities at UBC are very healthy, indeed.
Another fallacy often taken as fact by the general public is that
a degree in the liberal arts has no value in the workplace. Yet
studies show that graduates in the social sciences and humanities
are in great demand in our knowledge-based economy. The
diversity and cultural literacy that typifies a liberal arts education
allow graduates much greater selection when they consider their
career paths, and wise managers know that these are essential
elements of the successful corporate environment. As a result,
our liberal arts graduates are making an impact in industry,
government, education and cultural affairs across the country. You
can read more about the value of a liberal arts education in the
article, "Liberal Smarts," on page 31 of this issue of Trek.
The qualities that make UBC a great university apply as readily
to the social sciences and humanities as they do to the hard
sciences: first-rate research and first-rate faculty, students and
staff. These are what bring UBC to national and international
attention, and these are what make holders of UBC degrees sought
after by employers in all areas.
- Martha Piper, President, University of British Columbia
opportunity, Nissan chose UBC because it was impressed by the
strength of the university's multidisciplinary research team.
Weaving Webb
QDAn exhibit on the life and work of Phyllis Webb, Canadian poet
and social activist, is being held at the National Library of Canada.
Friend and reviewer, English Professor Emeritus John Hulcoop
was curator of the exhibit and provided some of his own material
from the decades he's spent writing articles and critical analyses of
her poetry. A personal perspective on Phyllis Webb appears in this
issue of Trek.
The exhibit, Phyllis Webb: Elemental, includes photographs,
artwork, manuscripts and first editions and is presented in four
sections representing major themes in her work: earth, air, fire
and water. Webb is a UBC graduate and former teacher. She
worked as a writer and producer for the CBC, and was involved in
creating the program Ideas, as well as producing a 1970s series on
Canadian poets that helped stir interest in the contemporary poetry
genre. She won the Governor General's Literary Award in 1982 for
her collection of poetry The Vision Tree. Webb now focuses her
attention on painting and lives on Salt Spring Island, BC.
Green Lab
DDPopulation growth and a deteriorating environment challenge
our future need for clean air and water, waste disposal, housing
and other basic living necessities.
To address these concerns, a Vancouver-based architectural
firm and a group of researchers from UBC have joined forces to
develop an environmentally sustainable building in which to carry
out further research into sustainability. A giant experiment in itself,
the Centre for Interactive Research on Sustainability (cms) would
incorporate ideas such as the collection of rainwater, purification
of all wastewater, a natural ventilation system, a self-generated
power supply and use of energy-efficient products. It would be
constructed (using recycled materials wherever possible) so that it
can easily be adapted to take on and test out new green building
technologies and would house the latest IT tools to facilitate both
virtual and on-site research.
The idea is to develop buildings that are sparing with resources
and minimize factors associated with global warming. Researchers
hope the new centre will stand on Main Mall. The facility would
be 3,591 square metres large, and five storeys high at the front and
four at the sides. It would include offices for up to 50 researchers.
Project Leader John Robinson, a Geography professor at UBC's
Sustainable Development Research Institute, is currently seeking
funding for the project.
Trek   Spring 2002 Liu Centre Pollster Boy
QDCanadian pollster Angus Reid is joining
the Liu Centre for the Study of Global
Issues as a senior fellow and adjunct
professor. Reid led the Angus Reid Group
for more than 20 years until it was sold
in 2000. Currently, he is president and
ceo of Angus Reid Strategies, a marketing
and public affairs consultancy company
based in Vancouver. He is also a writer,
commentator and orator, with hundreds of
public addresses and articles to his credit
and a second book in the offing. He was
awarded his BA and MA in Sociology from
the University of Manitoba, his phd from
Carleton University and holds honorary
doctorates from the University of Manitoba
and Simon Fraser.
Frogs Spawn Research
QDHave you ever wondered how frogs
manage to survive the cold of winter?
Glen Tattersall did when he was a child
growing up in the countryside of southern
Ontario and his curiosity has never waned.
Tattersall, a post-doctoral fellow under UBC
Zoology Professor Bill Milsom focuses on
metabolic responses to stressors such as low
temperatures or lack of oxygen.
Others are excited about his research.
He has been recognized as Canada's top
post-doctoral fellow by the Natural Sciences
and Engineering Research Council (nserc),
which has named him winner of the Howard
Alper Award, worth $20,000. That and the
fellowship will allow him to continue his
research into neurophysiological responses in
warm-blooded species, such
as rats and squirrels, Glen Tattersal hopes
that allow them to lower
metabolism and body
temperature in the same way that frogs do
to survive the winter. Tattersall thinks that
manipulation of the hypothalamus (the
part of the brain controlling involuntary
functions such as regulation of body
temperature) can fool the brain into thinking
that the body needs to cool down. In
response, the hypothalamus, he hopes, will
lower the metabolism of the body, thereby
cooling it, lowering its oxygen requirement
to unlock the secrets of survival in the cold by monitoring the hypothalamus of his friend, shown here.
and preserving its energy.
A potential application of this research
is the treatment of neo-natal asphyxia -
difficulty breathing in newborns - and clinical
trials are already trying to establish whether
or not the lowering of body temperature
reduces neurological damage in these cases.
Perfectly Miserable
QDUBC Psychology students are exploring
links between perfectionism and depression.
Masters candidate Simon Sherry points
out that perfectionism is not usually viewed
as a negative characteristic and is often
confused with conscientiousness. In fact, it
is a negative influence that can give rise to
psychological problems.
"Many people in the community suffer
with perfectionism," says Sherry. "If you
took an average sample, it would be easy to
see that it is a malignant force in society."
Sherry works with Psychology Associate
Dhotograph by Martin Dee
When a handful of UBC grads
got together in 1917 to form this
Alumni Association, the university
was struggling for survival. The First
World War had stopped construction
of the Point Grey campus and it
was clear that the huts, tents and
church basements of the Fairview
Slopes were not adding up to a great
university. Those founders hoped they
could use their combined voices to
convince government that UBC needed a permanent campus.
This role of advocacy is one of our most cherished and
important responsibilities. Graduates from UBC have
gone on to become respected and influential people in our
communities, and they know that a strong, well-supported
university is an essential part of a dynamic economy. This is a
message we can take to government and business at all levels,
and a direct service we can provide the university.
We also have the opportunity to affect governance at the
university. Alumni sit on UBC's Board of Governors and
advise the administration from a perspective of experience.
Our past president, Linda Thorstad, is an active member of
the Board; chair Larry Bell is an alumnus and was appointed
by government after being recommended by the Association;
and new Board member Martin Glynn is also one of our past
presidents. We take our role as advocates very seriously.
Another way we influence our university is through the
selection of the Chancellor. Traditionally, a committee of
alumni forms to select a nominee from among our members
to fill this important post. This year, we selected Allan
McEachern as our candidate. His experience as Chief Justice
of the Appeals Court of BC and his service to the community
over his career make him an ideal representative of UBC, and
an excellent example of the quality of our graduates.
You have an opportunity to vote in this year's election for
Chancellor. Election information is included in this issue of
Trek beginning on page 47, and I urge you to vote for Mr.
McEachern. His is an influential voice, and it will be heard.
Our role as alumni goes beyond supporting our university
with donations of time and money. It also calls on us to
make sure the needs and deeds of our university are widely
known. As graduates of UBC, we can tell the world what an
exceptional place it is. In that way, we can ensure the future
health of our alma mater.
- Greg Clarke bcom'86, LLB'89
President, University of British Columbia Alumni Association
Professor Paul Hewitt, who runs a Perfectionism and Psychopathology
lab. The professor's research is the first to explore whether
perfectionism is behind depressive thought patterns and suicidal
leanings. His group is conducting 25 projects, including a study of
perfectionism, depression, suicide and stress in 1,000 Vancouver
youths. Another study will track 200 UBC students with a focus on
the effects of perfectionism on an individual's social support system.
Another will explore perfectionist traits in children suffering from
cancer, and how these may adversely affect coping ability.
Hewitt has three innovative categories for perfectionists: self-
oriented (perfectionists who set high standards for themselves), other-
oriented (perfectionists who set high standards for other people), and
socially prescribed perfectionists (who feel that others have set high
standards for them to keep). His team is also examining the difference
between those who want to be perfect and those who only need to
appear to be perfect.
Global Security
As one of its main priorities, UBC's new Centre for Human Security
(part of the Liu Centre for the Study of Global Issues) plans to
produce an annual Human Security Report. Influenced by the release
of the United Nations report on Human Development, the reports
will include information on global violence - its prevalence, level of
extremity and effects.
Some of the issues affecting global security include the fact that
most of the harm committed against citizens in the twentieth century
was carried out by their own governments, rather than a foreign
enemy. Another shift is that more than 90% of armed conflict occurs
within the borders of one country, rather than between two or more
As well as recording incidence of global violence, the centre plans
to investigate the effectiveness of measures taken against it, such as
diplomatic intervention, or pro-active stances designed to prevent it
from occurring in the first place.
The reports will translate highly specialized information into
layman's language so that it can be easily digested by policy-makers,
the media and concerned members of the public.
Director of the new centre, Andrew Mack, who spent three years
as Kofi Annan's strategic planning director, was surprised at the lack
of influence academic research has on policy. He thinks the centre's
reports on human security will make this information readily available
to those that need it. The first one is due out in 2003.
Mood Swings Markets
The stock market may be a place of cold, hard statistics but it
is also influenced by human emotion. This is according to research
recently completed in the faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration that examines the impact of Seasonal Affective
Trek   Spring 2002 Disorder (sad) on stock market returns.
It is well documented that sad affects
sufferers during the short, sunlight-deprived
days of winter by causing low moods or
depression. Psychology research has shown
that people who are depressed are less likely
to take risks. Buying a highly priced stock
involves risk and the researchers think
there is a correlation between the amount
of daylight over the year and stock market
returns. The results of their study, Winter
Blues: A SAD Stock Market Cycle, show that
shorter days and the effects of sad correlate
with higher stock returns and vice versa. Coauthor Maurice Levi, a UBC professor, says,
"Whether people are in a good mood or bad
mood, it affects the stock market and there
are things, like seasonal changes, that affect
people. The market is affected by people's
animal feelings."
The study used data from stock exchanges
around the globe, and a comparison of
results for the northern and southern
hemispheres (which have opposite seasons)
lent strength to the researchers' hypothesis.
They also discovered that the farther away
from the equator an exchange was, the
greater the affects of sad. The study's other
authors are former UBC post-doctoral
student Lisa Kramer, now teaching at the
University of Toronto, and Mark Kamstra,
an economist at the Federal Reserve Bank of
Weighing Weightless Muscles
QDUBC Rehabilitation Science researchers
are exploring the recovery process of muscle
tissue that has been subject to weightlessness
for prolonged periods of time. Their research
may have applications for astronauts
returning to earth or accident victims
subjected to weeks of bed rest. The first of
its type to be carried out in North America,
the study will involve the collection of
information from 40 subjects over a period
of three years. Half the subjects will have
been non-weightbearing for a minimum of
six weeks and the remainder will form the
control group. It is estimated that 30 or more
days of bed rest can reduce muscle mass and
leg strength significantly and that space travel
has an even greater impact.
"The body's muscles are microscopically
damaged when they are not exposed to
gravity and forced to carry the body's
weight," says principal investigator Associate
Professor Donna Maclntyre. "This can
happen when you are confined to bed, use
crutches to keep a broken leg off the ground
or spend lengthy periods in space."
The subjects will be monitored as they
undergo physiotherapy programs that
last between six weeks and three months.
Subjects' muscle mass will be tested on a
machine that displays a visual image of
it, while muscle strength is measured by a
machine that gauges the subject's ability to
The research is a joint project involving
the Canadian Space Agency, Vancouver
General Hospital and UBC. Maclntyre's co-
investigators are Assistant Professors Janice
Eng and Darlene Redenbach.
The Rewards of Innovation ...
QDWe all knew that talk of UBC being a
hotbed of innovation wasn't just hype,
and now it's been proven. The quality of
UBC researchers has been affirmed by
their professional peers, who awarded the
university the largest share of money from
a national competition run by the Canada
Foundation for Innovation.
UBC and its affiliated teaching hospitals
were awarded a total of almost $76 million
to pay for infrastructure relating to 16
One project is the International
Collaboration on Repair Discovery (icord)
Centre which will be built in Vancouver
General Hospital and is the first in Canada
to foster interdisciplinary research towards
therapies for spinal cord injury. The 300
Vancouver researchers and the 12 visiting
researchers involved in the project will share
equipment and cooperate across disciplines
to maximize results.
The centre was the brainchild of Rick
Hansen, whose institute aims to find a
cure for spinal chord injuries. "This is the
beginning of my dream," says Hansen.
"Most of what we know about spinal
cord injury has been discovered in the
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Spring 2002   Trek  9 } TAKE NOTE
last io years. With today's knowledge and
technology the time is right to get to work
on new cures and treatments. We believe
it possible to walk away from spinal cord
Another project involves the Museum of
Anthropology which received funding of
$17 million for an interdisciplinary research
facility which will connect researchers from
different disciplines and different parts of the
world to allow the sharing of knowledge.
The moa expects to see an acceleration in
museum research as a result.
... Just Keep on Coming
D UBC researchers and affiliated teaching
hospitals are to receive $14 million in
federal funding to pay for indirect research
costs such as operation and maintenance or
library and archiving services. Announced
by secretary of state for western economic
development Stephen Owen at UBC on
Professor Anita Hubley explores how your
chronological age relates to your perceived
age. Are you as old as you feel?
What Does BC Need?
More Doctors.
How Do We Get Them?
We all know the cost of medical school is high. No one knows that more
than UBC's Faculty of Medicine alumni. They've been there.
That's why 548 doctors, along with students and friends, have committed
$1,000,000 to bursaries and scholarships for students in the Faculty of
Medicine. That total, matched by a private donor, means an additional
$120,000 each year for student aid.
Encouraging more bright students to become great doctors helps us all.
Thank you, UBC Medicine Alumni, for your leadership.
If you are interested in helping more students in the Faculty of Medicine,
please call 604.822.0374.
50TH Anniversary
Student Endowment Campaign
March 7, the extra funding will strengthen
programs and be a magnet for top
Distribution of funding is based on how
well individual universities fared with
grants from nserc, sshrc and the Canadian
Institutes of Health Research. UBC and
affiliated teaching hospitals managed to
secure $200 million in 2000/2001.
Act Your Age, Not Your Age Identity
Have you ever come upon your reflection
in a shop window and been shocked by how
old you look? You aren't alone.
"We have this image of ourselves that
gets frozen in time," says Professor Anita
Hubley. "I don't think people are entirely
aware of when it occurs, but it happens to
men and women. There's a moment when
they realize that they feel a different age on
the inside than they look on the outside." She
is interested in finding out whether this age
identity is constant, or if it changes over time.
Hubley is coordinating 16 focus groups
representing different generations (1930-44,
1945-54, I955~(>4 and 1965-76). The groups
discuss their feelings about age and Hubley
pays special attention to the descriptive
language used. Although the research is not
complete, it has unearthed some interesting
finds. The youngest generation display
the most anxiety about aging; men begin
to feel more socially insignificant by their
mid-thirties; and people tend to associate
themselves with a particular decade rather
than a generation.
... But Do It Gracefully
The anxiety experienced by many women
at the onset of aging does not diminish with
years, it just gets relegated to a lower priority
behind anxiety over declining health and
physical ability.
This is the none-too-heartening news from
Laura Hurd Clarke, a Canadian Institutes
of Health Research post-doctoral fellow
in the school of Social Work and Family
Studies. She studied 22 women from different
ethnicities, social classes, and with varying
health and marriage statuses, between the
ages of 60 and 92, and found concerns about
10   Trek   Spring 2002 body image were in evidence across all
While many of the women acknowledged
and criticized the impossible standards for
women's physical beauty created by the
media, they simultaneously expressed a lack
of satisfaction with their own appearance
and most had dieted at some point. Hurd
Clarke predicts these anxieties may lessen
and body images improve as the population
as a whole starts to age.
Jacob Biely Faculty Research Prize
During a 30-year career, Economics
professor Charles Blackorby has specialized
in welfare economics, social choice, public
finance and microeconomic theory. The
quality of his efforts has been recognized
with this year's Jacob Biely Faculty Research
Prize. The highly respected award recognizes
outstanding published research and is
commonly deemed the top honour of its
type in the province. Blackorby's recent
work includes research into the structure
of Canada's often criticized Employment
Insurance program, which he concluded to be
efficient. This summer, Blackorby will add to
the brain drain by moving to England to take
up a post at the University of Warwick.
Stop Baldness! Grow Hair! But...
DDResults of a study published in the
European Journal of Dermatology says a
new prescription drug, Propecia, halts the
progression of baldness in 90% of male-
pattern hair loss patients, and even fosters
growth of new hair.
About 3 60 Canadian men, aged 18-
41, from Vancouver, Eoronto, Montreal
and Halifax, were among almost 1,600
participants from 16 countries.
"Ehere has never been a study of that
length of time for male-pattern hair loss,"
said Dr. Jerry Shapiro, clinical professor
in dermatology and director of UBC's hair
research and treatment centre. "Most studies
are one or two years.
"Patients always ask about long term
and now we can retard further hair loss or
stabilize hair loss in 90% of individuals for
at least five years, and promote minimal to
Professor Charles Blackorby has won the Jacob Biely Faculty Research Prize for his work as an economist.
moderate regrowth," he said.
A daily dose of Propecia costs Canadians
about $50 monthly.
"What is significant about the results
is that the difference between those that
stayed on placebo for five years and those
that were on the actual treatment, got
greater and greater as the years went on. If
somebody has this problem, then the earlier
they get started, the better the result."
As with most miracles, though, there is
a catch. Propecia interferes with the body's
utilization of testosterone, and a certain
percentage of people who use the drug
will experience side effects such as sexual
disfunction. Many men feel that baldness is
a turn-off for women, and will use the drug
to make them more sexually attractive. Ehe
cure may well turn out to be pyrrhic as well
as ironic.
Good Neighbours Good History
QDUBC will open a Centre of Excellence in
United States Studies. It will be the largest
program of its kind in Canada.
Ehe centre will gather a group of
specialists on all aspects of American life,
and will raise funds to establish as many as
seven new $2.5 million chairs.
Colin Campbell, new head of the
program, says most Canadian universities
have programs in American studies, but UBC
will develop a formal curriculum that will
allow students to major in the area.
Campbell, who has taught at Georgetown
University in Washington, DC, for 19 years,
Dhotograph by Martin Dee
Spring 2002   Trek   11 Volleyball team enters Hall of Fame The 1966-67 champion volleyball squad revolutionized the game.
was hired through a Canada Research Chair
grant, and will begin his term at UBC in July.
A core curriculum of American studies
already exists at UBC, says Campbell, and
aspects of the program will be taught by
academics already here. "We have the cream
for the cake," says Campbell. "Now, we're
just trying to establish the cake."
Campbell expects strong student interest
in American studies, an interest that wasn't
there when he taught at York in the '70s,
and anti-American feeling was high. "I often
got negative reactions when I used American
examples and many of our better students
weren't interested in studying the us."
Canadians are generally better informed
about aspects of American history and
society than Americans are of Canada,
simply because of the ubiquitous nature of
the American media. But, says Campbell, our
knowledge is not very systematic. Canadian
policymakers, for instance, need to know
more about the intricacies of the American
political system in order to deal effectively
with free trade issues such as the softwood
lumber dispute.
A Calgary native, Campbell says he's eager
to return to Canada because the academic
challenge in setting up a new program is
extremely enticing. "UBC has an exceptionally
high standing on the continent, and is a
natural for this kind of program."
As far as the brain drain is concerned, he
feels the flow of Canadian academics out of
the country is no greater now than it has ever
been. Academic and research opportunities, he
says, are the attraction for most Canadians,
not lower taxes or higher salaries.
Big Block Welcomes Hall of Famers
UBC's pre-eminent men's volleyball team,
the 1966-67 squad, was inducted into the
Sports Hall of Fame at a ceremony held at
the annual Big Block dinner on March 27.
This team revolutionized the way volleyball
is played at UBC and across Canada by
introducing the Asian style of volleyball to
the university scene. This made in BC team
that featured current UBC men's head coach
Dale Ohman was the first UBC volleyball
team to win the CIS National Championship.
It also won 1967 Canadian Junior men's
title and the Western Canadian Senior men's
championship. The core of the team led Team
BC to the gold at the first Canada Winter
Games and, as '67 CIS Champions, became
the first university volleyball team to represent
Canada at the World Student Games.
Other hall of fame inductees were: rower
Kathleen Heddle, football star Laurent
Deslauriers, rugby player Spence McTavish,
and one of UBC's foremost builders of the
rowing program, Dick McLure.
Designer Wood
D What do students from the Emily Carr
Institute of Art and Design and UBC's faculty
of Forestry have in common? The answer is
wood, but both groups of students stand to
learn something from the other's specialty.
The two institutions have begun an exchange
program in which Emily Carr students take
classes in Wood Science and students from
the faculty of Forestry's Wood Products
Processing program take classes in industrial
The exchange program addresses the
concern that although Canada represents a
plentiful supply of raw lumber, the country's
wood products industry remains weak. It
aims to encourage inventive design that lends
itself easily to mass production.
"When we look at our competition around
the world, we recognize that our natural
resources are superior in many ways, but
our human resources need to be further
developed," says Wood Science Associate
Professor Simon Ellis. "We have to get further
ahead in designing new products and efficient
manufacturing processes."
The sharing of teaching resources has been
on the table for some time, but eventually it
was decided that maximum benefits would
be realized by exchanging students instead
of staff so that they could fully immerse
themselves in the culture of respective wood
A Nose for News
UBC's Centre for Applied Ethics and
School of Journalism recently organized
a mock news conference on campus to
give students a taste of what's involved in
communicating major scientific developments
to the population at large. Medical Genetics
students fielded questions from Journalism
students on the development of a make-
believe drug for pregnant women that would
prevent their babies from developing large
12   Trek   Spring 2002 noses - a scenario representing the type of
scientific news that engenders heated public
Headed by Journalism Professor Stephen
Ward, the conference gave Science students an
eye-opener on the ethical issues in their fields
and Journalism students learned to ask the
pertinent questions without taking information
they are offered at face value. Hopefully, for
these students the program will lead to better
understanding in the real world - avoiding the
mutual disdain that arises from a suspicious
media and a defensive world of science.
Sex Hormones and Stress
Men and women react differently to stress.
Women tend to suffer more frequently with
depression, while men account for a greater
proportion of schizophrenia and cardiovascular
cases. Assistant Professor of Anatomy Victor
Viau is exploring how sex hormones relate to
stress, and wants to pinpoint the area of the
brain where these elements interface.
Men who are depressed tend to have
reduced levels of testosterone, suggesting
that levels of the hormone may be involved
in causal factors. (Studies have demonstrated
that where medication has failed, alteration of
testosterone levels has had positive effects.) It
is also possible that testosterone and cortisone
levels in pubescent boys are implicated in male
teen suicides. But although sex steroids and
their receptors are located all over the body, it
is still unclear what their function is.
Viau is trying to establish how testosterone
reacts with brain circuits that communicate
stress-related information. He is especially
focused on the hypothalamic-pituitary-adrenal
(hpa) Axis. This is the hormonal system
that regulates secretion of Cortisol, a steroid
associated with stress. Cortisol defends the
body from manifestations of stress such as
high blood pressure, but if too much stress
is present, Cortisol is also involved in the
development of depression. Testosterone acts
by inhibiting the secretion of Cortisol.
"Stress listens to what is going on in the
reproductive systems. There is functional
cross talk between sex steroids and the
adrenal system," says Viau. His research has
implications for the diagnosis and treatment
Take sex hormones, add stress, and a pot of
weird chemicals starts bubbling. Anatomy Prof.
Victor Viau is finding out the how and why.
of depression and other hormonally related
disorders such as cardiovascular disease.
Touching Research
DDResearchers in the faculty of Education
have recently completed a unique, two-year
study into the development of educational
materials for the blind. Ehe aim of the study
was to address disadvantages faced by blind
university and high school students in the
wake of increased visual learning elements in
the classroom. Ehe researchers learned about
tactile graphic educational materials during
a study supported by the Canadian Braille
Authority (cba) and the Braille Authority of
North America (bana). Potential applications
maps and graphs.
Ehe project leader is Associate Professor Cay
Holbrook - the only faculty member in Canada
to specialize in literacy for the blind. Ehe
research centred around 19 visually impaired,
braille-literate subjects between the ages of 13
and 23. Ehey were asked for their reactions
to several different types of tactile graphic
materials developed by the cba and bana.
Ehese featured tactile elements such as raised
dots and lines, and textured or moulded areas.
Subjects were asked about their preferences and
researchers also determined how accurately the
desired information had been conveyed.
"We found that without context, a graphic
representation of a picture of a lion isn't
meaningful to a person who is blind. It may
look like what it should look like, but it
doesn't feel what it should feel like," says
Holbrook. "Ehe blind student needs to have
experience with the real thing, the actual
object or something that can transfer that
Eheir area of specialization is only just
beginning to receive attention, but the
researchers hope the study will culminate in
firm guidelines for the design of tactile graphic
educational materials. ->
'Sony, iutTm goiag to ixK to isituyau a siunmtnujbr
Spring 2002   Trek   13 Phyllis Webb, who taught English at UBC in the early '60s,
has become an icon of Canadian arts and letters. Emeritus
Professor john hulcoop remembers the power and passion
of "the greatest love" of his literary life.
"It's a poor sort of memory that only
works backwards," says the wacky Queen
in Alice Through the Eooking-Glass — as
if it could work any other way! Like a VCR,
Memory always rewinds (in order to replay)
the past from back to front. Sometimes,
however, Memory plays fast and loose with
our remembered lives. Virginia Woolf called
her "a capricious seamstress" who "runs
her needle in and out, up and down, hither
and thither." She cannot always be depended
upon, especially as we get older. I raise the
subject of my untrustworthy memory in self-
defence: the longer the past becomes, the
harder it is, not to recapture major events,
but to recall them in detail.
Meeting Phyllis Webb was a major event
in my life. I met her in January i960. My
wife and I had just returned from Britain to
Vancouver with a six-week old baby and a
brand-new phd. Until we were able to move
into our rented place, we stayed with Jane
Rule, the novelist, and her partner Helen
Sonthoff (both of whom taught at UBC).
Jane and Helen's house was a Sixties Salon
which attracted writers, painters and lots of
people involved, one way or another, in the
arts scene. One day, Phyllis Webb dropped
by. She was an intense, sharply focused
woman (she was 33, I was 30); her dark hair
drawn severely back and up in a chignon;
high cheek bones; challenging eyes; incredibly
beautiful hands and long, elegant feet. She
looked like a prima ballerina assoluta.
Memory is silent as to what she was wearing,
but I like to imagine her dress (blouse?)
was plum-coloured or damson, periwinkle
blue, lavender or lilac, because those are the
colours I associate with her (the cover of
Naked Poems, both background and print, is
quintessential Webb in colours).
When I met her, she already had two
collections of poetry to her credit, "Falling
Glass" (in Trio, 1954) and Even Your Right
14   Trek   Spring 2002 beauty
Spring 2002   Trek   15 COMING TO  LOVE,
Eye (1956), as well as many poems published
in magazines. She had lived in Paris for
nearly two years (having won a Canadian
Government Overseas Award), was well-
known as a documentary program-writer and
book-reviewer for CBC, and had, immediately
after graduating from UBC in 1949, run as
a CCF candidate — the youngest ever fielded
at that time — in Oak Bay, Victoria. As
she later informed me, WW2 "was one of
the formative experiences of my youth; the
horror and insanity of war, and of politics,
turned me to socialism in my seventeenth
year." Her physical presence was striking,
her reputation considerable, and, since I had
never met an established poet in such up-
close and personal circumstances, she seemed
a formidable and intimidating figure.
My awe struck but uneasy first
impressions were confirmed when Ms Webb
informed my wife and me that she was
uncomfortable in the presence of babies.
Ours, bewildered by jet-lag, was howling in
the background. Later, she made it perfectly
clear (perhaps because of my crashing English
accent, and the fact that I was one of too-
many "foreigners" occupying academic jobs
belonging rightfully to Canadians) that she
was not in favour of Brits who came seeking
their fortune in the former colony.
I was convinced that we would never
hit it off or even get to know each other.
Ehough Phyllis Webb had a post-colonial
mind long before post-colonialism became
an area of academic specialization (she was
ahead of her time in other respects, too), she
also possessed an imagination and intellect
powerful enough to protect her from falling
into the hideous error of personalizing likes
and dislikes and letting them become racial
prejudice. She was, in the best sense of the
words, a committed Canadian. "I think I
became Canadian and claimed my country
when I was seventeen and arrived at political
consciousness," she stated in "Phyllis Webb's
Canada" (Maclean's, 1971)
"In Canada, I've worked as a
cookie-packer, a waitress, a cashier-
hostess, a secretary. I've been a
teacher, a broadcaster, and on the
staff of CBC Public Affairs. I have
tried to write poetry. I've done
these things in Victoria, Vancouver,
Montreal and Eoronto. Ehat route
and all the people on it have been my
life-line to the experiences of being
Of course I was wrong, or I wouldn't be
writing this article. Nor would I have been
invited to curate an exhibition on the life and
work of Phyllis Webb held at the National
Library of Canada in Ottawa through
January and February, 2002. Fortunately,
and for reasons I can't really reconstruct at
this late date, Sally (my wife) and I became
great friends with Phyllis who, when she was
working on her third poetry book, The Sea
Is Also a Garden (1962), started dropping
by our house to read drafts of the work in
progress. I became so excited by sharing
in this process that I resumed, after a long
lapse, writing and publishing my own poetry.
For me, the crucial moment in the cementing
of what has become one of the most
important relationships in my life occurred at
coffee-time in the Faculty Club (that is, alas,
no longer a faculty club).
Some time after the publication of
Webb's most daring book, Naked Poems
(a beautiful object, physically speaking,
designed by the BC artist, Eakao Eanabe, and
an influential work of literature, critically
acclaimed as "the  most beautiful  love
poem ever written in Canada"), I was sitting
with colleagues in the Club when they began
to discuss Webb's latest volume. Considering
that these people professed to be teachers
of literature, taught poetry to students at all
levels (one was even a female fellow-poet),
I was  appalled by the lack of intelligence
and imagination revealed in their largely
dismissive opinions of Naked Poems.
"Fadish," said one colleague. "She's
having us on," said another. "More unfleshed
than naked," said a third person; "a waste
of money," said a fourth. (Published at $2.25
a copy, Naked Poems  is now such a rarity
that, if you can find a copy, it will probably
cost you $300-400!) I decided, on the spot,
to write an article about the new book,
justifying the experimental nature of both the
poetic form and subject-matter (the implied
lesbian love-affair round which the first two
sections revolve). Even today, nearly 40 years
later, careless readers still miss the clues and
fail to make the connection between Webb's
work and Sappho's.
Rightly or wrongly, I felt I had
championed Webb, and was pleased when
the article was accepted for publication by
Canadian Literature, the journal started
by George Woodcock and later edited by
William H. New, recently appointed the
Killam Professor at UBC. Subsequently, I was
asked to review all Webb's new volumes as
they appeared, also to write a monograph
on her life and work for Essays in Canadian
Writing, and to supply the entry on Webb for
the Dictionary of Literary Biography.  When
we weren't living in the same city, Phyllis and
I had begun to correspond pretty regularly,
often about her work; and, in 1970-71, I
took a sabbatical in order to assemble, edit
and write the long introduction to her first
Selected Poems 1954-65, another stunningly
designed book, designed this time by David
All these facts help to account for my
being asked to curate the National Library's
Webb exhibition. Ehe Library acquired all
my literary papers last year, including nearly
300 letters from Webb to me. My letters to
her were already there in the Webb materials.
Working last October with Catherine Hobbs,
the Archivist of Literary Manuscripts at the
Library, was one of the highlights of my
academic career; editing Webb's Collected
Poems would be its keystone and complete a
lifetime's work. What made it so exciting was
the opportunity to show the public not only
what a great poet Phyllis Webb is — most
people in the Canadian arts world know that
already — but also to draw attention to her
important contributions to Canadian culture
in general, and society at large.
Her achievements as a poet have been
widely acknowledged. She has received many
16   Trek   Spring 2002 prizes and awards for her contributions to
Canadian literature: in 1972, 1975 with an
honorary degree (which she characteristically
refused), 1982, 1991 with the Governor
General's Award for Poetry; and in 1993
she was appointed an Officer of the Order
of Canada. Her most recent honour is the
exhibition "Phyllis Webb/Elemental" at
the National Library. She is only the third
woman to be so honoured. Ehe first two
were Susanna Moodie and Gabrielle Roy.
But most significant of all her
distinctions is surely the acclamation she
received from the community of Canadian
poets in 1980, the year she failed to win a
Governor General's Award for Wilson's Bowl,
hailed by Northrop Frye as "a landmark
in Canadian Literature." Outraged by this
failure, poets (not only contemporaries
but also the younger generation which she
acted upon by the Canada Council when
it was formed in 1957, the year in which
Webb protested against noise-pollution (in a
CBC talk), asserting the individual's right to
privacy and quietude. Her growing feminist
consciousness in the '60s and '70s compelled
her to censure the regional director of CBC
for sexist hiring policies, and to lodge a
formal complaint against the CBC with the BC
Civil Liberties Association. Ehe consequences
of this action are audibly apparent to all
CBC listeners. A very vocal supporter of
Greenpeace, Webb also founded a chapter of
Amnesty International on Salt Spring Island;
and she publicly deplored the provincial
government's decision to allow logging in
Clayoquot Sound by reading a poem called
"Ehe Eree Speaks" at a rally on the steps
ofthe BC Legislature in 1993. Her most
important gift to Canadian culture — apart
than a whole season
at Stratford. . . .
In the last decade, Phyllis Webb has
abandoned words for pictures. Ehey tell their
own story. Now in her seventies, she has
become a serious painter.
Someone recently stated in an article that
I fell in love, not with Phyllis Webb, but her
work. Ehat's not the whole truth. When you
fall in love with a writer's work, it's almost
impossible not to become "involved" in the
writer as well. For a long time I lived under
the spell of Virginia Woolf, leaping to her
defence in a great many articles because I felt
emotionally compelled to protect her against
malicious misrepresentations — which is
surely a kind of loving. I felt the same about
Eimothy Findley when I took up my pen
to remedy the extraordinary failure of his
Phyllis Webb has abandoned words for pictures. They tell their own story. Now in
has always enthusiastically supported) got
together (led by Atwood, Ondaatje and bp
nichol), collected a large sum of money,
sent her a huge bouquet of flowers and a
statement which read,
your poetry has meant a great deal
to us. . . and continues to move us
and surprise us with its heart and
craft. We want to emphasize that
this gesture is a response to your
whole body of work as well as
to your presence as a touchstone
of true, good writing in Canada,
which we all know is beyond
awards and prizes.
Ehis accolade is unique in the history of
Canadian literature.
Ehough less publicized and less
frequently acknowledged, Webb's social
activism and her ongoing enrichment of
Canadian cultural life are an integral part
of the personality out of which her poetry
proceeds. A 1955 conference paper on "Ehe
Poet and the Publisher" contained ideas
and principles later incorporated into and
from 10 volumes of poetry and two of essays
— is undoubtedly her creation (with William
A. Young) of the still-running CBC program
called Ideas. Webb's social conscience and
her activities in the public forum of culture
are paradoxically at odds with a tendency
to isolate herself (she has lived on an island
for years) and to despair of the world's
condition. However, this somewhat enigmatic
figure appears to have outlived her formerly
famous suicidal tendencies — "Eo Friends
Who Have Also Considered Suicide" being
one of her more notorious poems:
to consider the numerous ways of
killing oneself,
that is surely the finest exercise of the
death by drowning, sleeping pills,
slashed wrists,
kitchen fumes, bullets through the
brain or through
the stomach, hanging by the neck in
attic or basement,
a clean frozen death — the ways are
And consider the drama! It's better
countrymen to recognize his importance as a
Canadian novelist; and about James Merrill
when Phyllis sent me a copy of his mystical
poem The Changing Eight at Sandover.
Ehere's no doubt, however, that the
greatest love of my literary life has been
Phyllis Webb. She is also one of my most
treasured friends. More than anything else, she
is, of course, a brilliant poet whose sensitivity
to other people, understanding of the human
condition, and extraordinarily creative use
of language are priceless gifts to the reading
world. "Listen," she commands in one of the
Naked Poems:
If I have known beauty
let's say I came to it
When I hear that inquiring mind express
itself with such clarity, such simplicity, such
honesty, I'm moved beyond pleasure to what
Joseph Campbell (and Barthes) would call
bliss. I am endlessly grateful for Webb the poet
and for her work; I'm lovingly attached to
Phyllis the person, -*
Phyllis Webb lives on Salt Spring Island.
Spring 2002   Trek   17 shape      of     things      to      come
18   Trek   Spring 2002 YOUR   MIND
The mystery of mental illness has piqued the interest of mankind
since the first caveman rolled together two rocks to make a
psychiatrist's couch. From the exorcisms of the middle ages
through the psychoanalysis of the 20th century to the modern
techniques of today, the mystery is no closer to being solved. The
search isn't made any easier when some patients will respond
wonderfully to a certain therapy, while others will have no reaction
or get worse. Psychological disfunction, rooted in behaviour,
biology, chemistry, genetics or some combination of all four,
attracts some of UBC's finest researchers, and produces cutting-
edge practitioners. The search continues. BY dianne haynes
Spring 2002   Trek   19 AN ORDINARY MOMENT
"Give me the damn drugs." It's 1998,
and three weeks since the patient was
officially diagnosed with Major Depressive
Disorder: depressed mood most of the
day, nearly every day; diminished interest
and pleasure in all activities; decreased
appetite; hypersomnia; low energy
and fatigue; feelings of worthlessness;
diminished ability to concentrate; recurrent
thoughts of death nearly every day. Check,
check, check — all of the above. The
diagnosis confirms what she has known
but been too ashamed to admit for 18
years: she is depressed. She has perfected
the ability to hide her symptoms, and no
one has ever known there was anything
wrong. Five years ago, she went for
counselling, and from there tried energy
healing, crystal work and chakra therapy;
shamanic soul retrieval, cranial-sacral
therapy, acupuncture and Chinese herbs;
naturopathy, homeopathy and Pach flower
remedies. Each was a learning experience
that allowed her to cope better with her
"dark times." Put the dark times grew
longer and more frequent, and the times
between them grew shorter. Worst of all,
the desire to die grew stronger.
One day, a friend used the words
"depression" and "medication" in the
same sentence with "diabetes" and
"insulin." The connection clicked. She
found a psychiatrist who didn't laugh at
the other things she's tried, and who told
her the decision to try medication will be
hers. Today is the day. She leaves with a
prescription for one of the new-generation
anti-depressants, a selective serotonin
reuptake inhibitor.
She feels nauseous at first, sleeps
poorly, notices her hands shaking at work.
Then one morning a couple of weeks
later, it happens: she wakes up and sweeps
the covers back, thinking about the day
ahead and what she might wear and what
she'll have for breakfast and ... not about
dying. She almost misses the moment, it
is so ordinary. And one ordinary moment
follows the other.
With the guidance of her psychiatrist,
she uses cognitive behavioural therapy to
change thoughts and patterns that have
been reinforcing the depression: behave
differently, get a different result, recognize
the change and give yourself a pat on the
back. She gains 35 pounds in six months
and notices a markedly decreased interest
in sex; at the same time, she holds down a
steady job and builds her repertoire of new
thoughts and behaviours. After a year and
under the guidance of her psychiatrist, she
begins to decrease her medication; after
two years, she's on a tenth of the original
It's 2001. The patient arrives for her
weekly appointment at the allotted time,
sits down across from her psychiatrist and
says, "I think I'm done." At the end of the
hour, her psychiatrist walks around the
desk and shakes her hand. "Maybe I'll see
you again in twenty years or so, when you
hit menopause," he jokes. "Maybe not."
Four hundred and fifty million people
around the world suffer from a mental
illness. That's one in 10 at any given time.
By the year 2020, depressive disorders
will rank as the world's leading cause of
disability, ahead of heart disease, cancer
and hiv/aids.
Although most mental illness is
treatable, two thirds of the people affected,
or 297 million individuals, will never seek
treatment, and there will be as many as
twenty million attempted suicides this year.
Where treatment is available, the single
biggest obstacle that stops people from
getting help, more powerful than poverty
or lack of resources, is stigma.
A recent article in The Journal's
"Depression Issue" notes that more than
half of North Americans still believe that
mental illness is a character flaw, the result
of personal weakness.  Mental illnesses,
and their emotional and behavioural
symptoms, are real. They are
biological illnesses, like pneumonia,
like diabetes, like cancer. They're not
contagious, but the stigma is, and is
epidemic in the media and popular culture,
at the dinner table and in the classroom,
even within the medical community itself.
On top of the stigma attached to
mental illness is a stigma attached to
the professions dedicated to treating
the mentally ill. Psychiatrist r.d. Laing
spearheaded a powerful anti-psychiatry
movement in the 1950s, claiming that
"sane" and "insane" were arbitrary
labels used by people in power to control
certain segments of society. The movement
engendered a deep mistrust — to some
extent justifiable at that time — from
which the profession has yet to recover.
With the 1975 release of One Flew Over
The Cuckoo's Nest, the double-barrelled
message was hammered home: Stop feeling
sorry for yourself and for God's sake don't
go see a shrink. Their cures are far worse
than your complaints.
Dr. Elliott Goldner, director of UBC's
Mental Health Evaluation and Community
Consultation Unit (mheccu) admits,
"Even in 2002, many people would be
distressed at the notion that they have a
mental health problem, and many would
be reluctant to receive 'treatment.'" Even
in 2002, treatments for mental illnesses
are somewhat hit and miss. What works
well for one person may be only partially
effective for another, or it may not work
at all. Many people try several drugs and
types of therapy before finding the right
combination. Researchers still don't know
why a drug works when it works, or why
it doesn't. What is known, however, is
that given the right treatment at the right
dosage and/or for the right length of time,
as many as 90% of sufferers can recover.
For the remaining 10% of individuals,
there is now new hope on the horizon.
UBC researchers are pioneering two
treatments that have the potential to
change minds, and lives.
Fully conscious and seated in a chair, the
patient hears a loud clicking noise and
feels a warmth and tingling in his scalp.
The machine beside him is delivering brief
(i/fooot'7 of a second), high-frequency
magnetic pulses to his left frontal lobe
20   Trek   Spring 2002 with the goal of stimulating metabolic and
chemical activity in the part of the brain
associated with personality, mood and
cognitive function — a part which under-
functions in a person with depression.
Unable to tolerate the side-effects of his
antidepressant medication, and too frail to
undergo electroconvulsive therapy, he has
volunteered to be part of the trials for the
experimental treatment. The insulated coil
held against his head delivers 20 pulses
per second for four seconds, followed by a
26-second break. The cycle is repeated 20
times and the whole process takes about
10 minutes. He is wearing earplugs to
protect his hearing, and is offered a mild
analgesic in the event that he's one of the
10% of patients who experience headache.
He does not. He'll return each day for the
next 14 days for the same treatment. With
good results, he'll continue to improve
for another three weeks following the
cessation of treatment, and the effects will
last as long as six months. He phones his
grandson, as promised, to report on his
first day of treatment.
This spring, Dr. Alexander Goumeniouk,
a clinical associate of Psychiatry with
mheccu will pioneer a study with
60 geriatric patients at Vancouver's
St. Vincent's Hospital. In a growing
population where depression affects
one in eight, the study couldn't be more
timely. It's the end result of a 14-year-
old conversation between  Goumeniouk
and Dr. Athanasios Zis, now head of
UBC's department of Psychiatry, about
a fledgling treatment called Repetitive
Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation, or
rTMS.   Goumeniouk's 18-month study will
be the first application to geriatric patients
of the still-experimental technique.
Goumeniouk purchased the $55,000
rTMS machine that will be used in the
study with the support of Dr. Elliot
Goldner, director of UBC's mheccu, and,
in a farsighted move, bc's Ministry of
Health is sponsoring the $210,000 trial.
If Goumeniouk is able to demonstrate
rTMs's effectiveness in treating geriatric
depression, the Ministry may be convinced
to support the development of additional
programs at Riverview Hospital and
in the Capitol Health Region. Both
Goldner and the Ministry were convinced
by Goumeniouk's enthusiasm for the
treatment, its track record world wide, and
its significant potential as an alternative to
electroconvulsive therapy (ect).
rTMS has been compared to ECT,
widely considered the most powerful
of all antidepressant treatments,
in terms of both efficacy and
applicability. ECT is still the most effective
therapy for delusional depression. But
its differences are what make rTMS so
appealing as a treatment for geriatric
patients: it's non-invasive, does not require
a general anesthetic and does not produce
seizures; it does not cause stress to the
heart, lungs, bones and muscles, and
does not result in cognitive impairment.
A single operator can perform the entire
treatment in an outpatient setting. "In
psychiatry, we haven't had a new biologic
treatment for depression in almost 50
years," says Goumeniouk. "ect has been
around for 63 years; lobotomy for 52; and
antidepressant medications for 43. This is
a categorical change in approach."
The risks associated with rTMS appear
to be minimal; Goumeniouk compares the
electromagnetic field radiation a person
is exposed to over the three-week course
of treatment to what you'd experience
in a 20-minute cell phone conversation.
Given the risk-benefit ratio, rTMS is being
investigated as a treatment for bipolar
disorder, obsessive-compulsive disorder
and Parkinson's Disease, as well as a tool
for mapping the brain.
rTMS research was pioneered in the
United States by Dr. Alvaro Pascual-
Leone of Harvard University and in
Canada by Dr. Gary Hasey of McMaster
University. Pascual-Leone tends to work
with patients who have failed to respond
to all other types of treatment, including
ECT, and reports up to a 70% success
rate. However, all three researchers are
quick to point out that rTMS is still in the
experimental phase. Goumeniouk says,
"I see [rTMS] being a first-line treatment
within five to 10 years" and explains
that it may be used in conjunction with
medication, and as a "maintenance"
technique against relapse. He adds, "I
don't see it to be a panacea. It's a useful
new tool in fighting a disabling and very
prevalent condition."
In the MRI suite at Vancouver General
Hospital, the patient lies face-up on a
stretcher. The neurosurgeon administers a
local anesthetic to the patient's skull and
attaches the stereotactic head-ring, a metal
frame that resembles the kind of motion-
restricting orthopedic device you might see
on someone with a broken arm. An MRI
scan localizes the anterior capsules within
the brain, and the surgeon uses the image
to select the targets within both anterior
capsules, and to calculate their precise
coordinates. The patient is then transferred
to the operating room, head-ring still in
place, where she receives another local
anesthetic to the scalp. The procedure that
follows will be painless.
The surgeon drills two holes the size
of a dime, one on each side of her skull.
Attaching the stereotactic localizing arc
system to the head-ring, the surgeon
dials in the coordinates of the first target
and lowers an insulated, five-millimetre
electrode through the hole to the target
site in the brain. The patient feels nothing;
there are no pain receptors in the brain.
The exposed tip of the electrode is heated
to 65 degrees for 60 seconds, creating
a permanent lesion the size of a pea. A
second lesion is made in the same place on
the opposite side of the brain.
The operation is complete; it has
taken approximately an hour, and
the patient has remained conscious
throughout. She can immediately eat and
drink and walk. The small holes in her
skull will heal on their own. It will be
anywhere from two weeks to three months
before she knows whether the surgery has
been successful in alleviating a depression
that has failed to respond to every other
Spring 2002   Trek   21 known treatment.
The surgical technique described above,
called limbic surgery, has been employed
around the world for more than io years
for the treatment of movement disorders
such as Parkinson's Disease. It is not
experimental; its methods and results
have been widely documented. What is
relatively new — and at the centre of some
controversy — is its application to the
treatment of psychiatric disorders.
In 1996, Dr. Trevor Hurwitz and
colleagues from the department of
Psychiatry initiated the process for creating
a Limbic Surgery Program in Vancouver
based on those in Europe, Australia,
New Zealand and the United States. All
have documented approximately a 60%
success rate. That process, reviewed by
UBC's department of Psychiatry and
division of Neurosurgery as well as the
Medical Advisory Committee and Ethics
Committee at VGH, took four years and
has resulted in the most tightly controlled
program in Canada. "There's no outcry
over the stereotactic surgery used for
Parkinson's because the disease is so
obviously neurological," Hurwitz says.
"But with psychiatric illness, there's the
fear that the surgery is being used to
control behaviour." It's a fear that runs
through the psychiatric profession as
well as the public, to which Hurwitz has
responded by putting stringent guidelines
on the Vancouver program and by
educating others in the profession about
the technique.
The application and acceptance
process for potential patients is onerous
and can take up to six months. The
primary criteria are that the patient
must have been suffering for at least five
years with a severe degree of illness and
incapacitation, and must have tried and
failed with every available treatment. What
the list doesn't include, but presupposes,
is that such a candidate is chronically
suicidal. Given the multitude and severity
of the obstacles, it seems remarkable
that anyone makes it to the candidacy
stage. But then hope, Hurwitz points out,
is a remarkable thing. "The single best
predictor of suicide is hopelessness," he
says. "Hope mobilizes a person's reserves."
Given the lingering public perception
of psychosurgery, the Vancouver
program is facing an obstacle course
of its own. Lobotomy — when it was
successful — left many patients without
their symptoms, but also without their
personalities and vitality, or much of their
cognitive functioning. It was originally
promoted as a last resort for patients who
failed to respond to other treatment, but
in its heyday in the late 1940s, lobotomy
was performed on a massive scale on
asylum inmates, prisoners, political
opponents, "difficult" relatives and even
school children. The ice-pick lobotomy,
developed by American Walter Freeman,
reduced the procedure to a few minutes
in a doctor's office: using only a local
anesthetic, Freeman inserted the tool in an
opening over the patient's
eye orbit by hitting it
with a hammer. The ice
pick would perforate
the skin, subcutaneous tissue, bone and
meninges in a single stroke, after which
Freeman would swing it laterally to sever
the prefrontal lobe from the rest of the
brain. Between 1939 and 1951, more than
18,000 lobotomies were performed in the
United States, and tens of thousands more
in other countries. Many of the patients
were World War II veterans, committed to
asylums with inexplicable symptoms that
we have come to know as post-traumatic
stress disorder.
In 1978, the Canadian Psychiatric
Association (cpa) published a position
statement on psychosurgery, declaring it
safe and ethical within strict guidelines,
and eminently worthy of further research,
given substantial evidence of its efficacy. It
laid out several specific recommendations,
including the creation of a Psychosurgery
Review Board and a tri-annual review
of its own position statement. Nothing
further was done at the Association level.
In the absence of formal external
guidelines, Hurwitz is maintaining a strict
and ethical program for which he expects
only two applicants a year to meet the
criteria, and in which the three patients
to date have all met with success. He is
also realistic about the level of illness he's
dealing with, and what's required to treat
it. "It would be great if all procedures
could be non-invasive, but these things
are biological," he argues. "There's
a renaissance of recognition of how
powerful biological forces are. Psychiatry
is rediscovering its roots."
Until the past two decades, post-traumatic
stress disorder has destroyed lives and
families, and left therapists helpless in
its wake. Thanks to the courage of the
men and women who spoke out, and to
the persistence of the psychiatrists and
psychologists who trusted in the mind's
ability to heal, there is now a way through.
The trucker has spent two hours in an
earlier session describing the accident: he
was driving full speed down the highway
with a loaded rig, when a car traveling
in the other direction veered into his lane
and they crashed. The other driver died
instantly. The trucker has not been able
to get back into his rig for four months,
is having nightmares about the crash, has
withdrawn from his family and friends,
and has started drinking heavily. His
doctor has told him he may have to think
about another career. His therapist has
told him she thinks he could drive trucks
again. That's what he wants; that, and to
sleep at night. Today, he's ready to give the
"hocus pocus" a try.
His therapist asks him to recall the
crash and notice what images come to
mind, what emotions he feels, what bodily
sensations he experiences, and what
negative beliefs about himself come to
mind. Then he asks him to rate his distress
on a scale from zero to 10. Keeping his
head still, the patient then uses his eyes to
follow the therapist's hand as she moves it
back and forth from left to right in front
22   Trek   Spring 2002 of him. For 30 seconds he follows her
hand while concentratiing on the images
and sensations that are most upsetting.
The tiny timeline is manageable.
Afterward, the therapist asks him
to notice what came to mind during the
set of eye movements. They do another
set of 30 seconds, and another, until the
trucker rates his distress level at zero. They
move on to another recollection about
the crash that still upsets him. The session
continues for 90 minutes, and after three
such sessions the trucker is able to return
to work.
and the public.
Post-traumatic stress disorder
occurs when an individual experiences a
traumatic event and responds in certain
characteristic ways. The truck driver,
for example, would have reacted with
intense fear, helplessness and horror as he
watched a terrible situation unfold entirely
outside the realm of his control. His
inability to get back into his rig is his way
of avoiding any stimuli associated with
the crash. His withdrawal from emotional
connection with family and friends is
called numbing, and his nightmares are
his mind's way of telling him he has not
its details); selective serotonin reuptake
inhibitors; and emdr, or eye movement
desensitization and reprocessing. It is
emdr that is partially depicted above.
Created in 1989 by American
psychologist Francine Shapiro, emdr
stands at the centre of a heated
controversy that has raged for over a
decade. The issue is not whether it works
— it does — but why, and how. When it
first appeared, headlines proclaimed it as
a miracle: "Where traditional therapies
may take years, emdr takes only a few
sessions" (The Stars and Stripes), and
"emdr is at about the same place that
In a single moment, a person's sense of themselves as a
decent human being living in a safe world is eradicated.
According to Dr. Rakesh Jetly, Canadian
forces major, psychiatrist and director
of the Operational Trauma and Stress
Support Centre (otssc) in Halifax,
Canadian troops sent to combat areas
receive a briefing on post-traumatic stress
disorder (ptsd) before they leave, and are
screened by a doctor, a social worker, and
through a survey when they return, otssc
Halifax is one of five military centres for
trauma research and treatment across
Canada. Opened in 1999 and staffed
by both military and civilian personnel,
the centres reflect the Canadian Forces'
commitment to addressing what service
personnel call "the professional death
Dr. Steven Taylor, professor of
Psychiatry at UBC, recounts the history: At
the time of the World Wars, it was called
shell shock, if it was acknowledged at all.
In the 1950s, the psychiatric community
referred to it as "combat fatigue," then
dropped it from the diagnostic manual
again until 1980. It was the homecoming
of Vietnam veterans — unable to
concentrate, to work, to sleep, to resume
their relationships, to get through the
day without drugs or alcohol — that
politicized the disorder and brought it to
the attention of the medical community
moved past the event but is in some way
still experiencing it.
These symptom categories are the
same whether the trauma is combat-
related, or whether it is rape, an
earthquake, a motor vehicle accident,
a terrorist attack, or childhood sexual
abuse. Their effect is shattering: in a single
moment, a person's sense of themselves
as a decent human being living in a
safe world is eradicated. The impact is
multiplied if the trauma is perpetrated
by another human being, as with sexual
assault or torture.
Until the 1980s, treatment for ptsd
was nonexistent, if the disorder was
diagnosed at all. Since then, therapists
have combined various types of
psychotherapy with various medications
in an attempt to deal with ptsd's hydra-
headed and chronic nature. Complicating
matters is the fact that patients have often
already turned to drugs or alcohol in
an attempt to deal with their symptoms
themselves, and many have developed
depression in the face of their inability to
put the trauma behind them.
The three forms of therapy that
have proven most effective are exposure
therapy (re-exposure to the traumatic
event through re-imagining and re-telling
gravity was before Newtonian physics: It's
here, and it works, whether we understand
it or not" (Natural Health). But while the
technique boasts thousands of practitioners
worldwide — including psychiatrists in
the Canadian Forces — it draws equally
passionate detractors.
"I really don't care whether emdr works
or not," claims UBC's Taylor. "I'm more
interested in finding out how we can
improve treatments for post-traumatic
stress disorder because it is surprisingly
common and can be really difficult to
treat." Taylor has recently completed a
study of 60 people with severe, chronic
ptsd comparing three treatments: exposure
therapy, relaxation training and emdr.
Over eight 90-minute sessions, all three
proved effective, exposure therapy the
most so. Significantly, research indicates
that the eye movements in ptsd do not
play a part in its efficacy. Taylor believes
the onus is now on proponents of emdr to
demonstrate what does make it effective.
Dr. Gary Ladd, a graduate of UBC's
Counselling Psychology program and
a private practitioner, is aware of the
research, but stands by emdr's efficacy,
citing studies that show emdr's bilateral
stimulation to activate the nervous system.
Spring 2002   Trek   23 11
One of the first people in Vancouver to
be trained through California's emdr
Institute, Ladd is considered a leader
in the area, and people seek him out
specifically to receive the treatment.
"emdr has given me a means of
approaching things in a person's life that
are so scary that the person has difficulty
even considering what happened to
them," says Ladd.
Many treatments in both psychiatry
and psychology are based on a cathartic
model, requiring what Ladd calls a
"descent into hell" in order to heal.
Experienced with exposure therapy,
he believes the cure can be worse than
the illness, causing people to drop out
of treatment completely. Ladd believes
emdr's eye movements play a very
important role in grounding the patient
while they relive their trauma: "You're
moderating the amount of stimulation
the person's experiencing. It makes it safe
to do the work."
New techniques and treatments
are emerging, and existing ones are
constantly being improved. The only
thing that hasn't changed is the stigma:
outdated and insidious, the belief that
mental illness is a personal failure is now
merely a failure on our part to keep up
with psychiatry's monumental advances.
The illnesses are real, and effective
treatments are available.
Researchers such as those profiled
here and groups like the World Health
Organization are asking what it would
take to put the stigma in the past. The
answer may just lie with those who have
found the courage to put their illnesses
in the past. Only they know what finally
tipped the scales in favour of getting
well, no matter what; they may be the
best candidates to deliver the message
that Dr. Ladd put so succinctly: "You
don't have to live with it any more." ->
24   Trek   Spring 2002
The fourth leading cause, worldwide, of life years lost due to disability:
depressive disorders (behind infectious diseases, heart disease and respiratory
infections, and before hiv/aids)
The ailment expected to rank 2      in global diseases, after heart disease, by 2020:
depressive disorders
Number of people worldwide who suffer from mental or neurological disorders:
Number of people with a known, treatable mental disorder who never seek help:
Number of people worldwide suffering from depression:
Percentage of people suffering from major depression who can recover if treated:
Number of families likely to have at least one member with a mental disorder:
1 in 4
Number of countries (from a total of 191) that currently have no mental health policy:
Number of countries that have no mental health program:
Number of countries that have no mental health legislation:
Number of countries in which treatment of severe mental disorders is unavailable in
primary health care: 73
Percentage of countries that allocate only 1% of their health budget to mental health:
Percentage of countries that allocate less than 1% of their total health budget to
mental health: 33
Number of countries that do not have the three most commonly prescribed drugs used
to treat depression, schizophrenia and epilepsy: 48
Number of psychiatrists per 100,000 people in half the countries in the world:
Number of hospital beds reserved for mental disorders in 40% of the world's
countries: fewer than 1
Estimated aggregate yearly economic cost of mental disorders to the United States:
2.5% of gross national product
Leading cause of death for 15-34-year-olds worldwide:
Percentage of deaths by firearms in the United States in 1997 that were suicides:
Yearly number of completed suicides worldwide: 1,000,000
Yearly number of attempted suicides worldwide: 10 - 20,000,000
The mental disorder most commonly leading to suicide: depression
The single most accurate predictor of a person's likelihood to attempt suicide:
The biggest obstacles facing mentally ill people today: stigma and discrimination
From The World Health Report 2.001 Mental Health: New Understanding, New Hope. WHO letters
The Winter 2002 issue of Trek is outstanding!
The articles cover a wide range of subjects
and all are worthy of attentive reading.
Former students of Doctor Philip Akrigg
will read his obituary and spend a moment
reflecting on the time we spent (in 1945) in
the second year course referred to as "Aggie
He taught us the finer points of grammar,
preparing us for writing scientific articles.
He almost jumped up and down when
emphasizing a favourite theme: "You must
never say 'The reason is because,' and there it
is on page 4, column 3. It should of course be
"The reason is that the stakes are so small."
As Gordon Taylor points out in his letter,
we gained a lot of valuable information in
those huts.
Margaret C. Trehearne bsc(agr)'47
Last year, I couldn't spell 'editor.' This year,
I are one! Ed.
I received a copy of the magazine and want to
direct your attention to the enlargement of a
photograph on page 35.
I would be prepared to make a modest
wager (in Canadian funds) that this
photograph is an enlargement of the law
class of 1949. Certainly I can identify
several members of our class. I suspect the
photograph was taken for the preparation of
the Totem of either 1947 or 1948. It is not a
photograph of our graduation year. I would
be very grateful if you would please let me
know if I am correct.
John R. Lakes LLB'49
You are correct. But we don't gamble. Ed.
Dr. Hamish Kimmins writes about forestry
education based on an understanding of
what Aldo Leopold called "The Land Ethic."
This Dr. Kimmins describes as an ability to
understand and predict what is meant by "a
state of harmony between men and land."
I take issue with his statement that "social
pressure in the 1980s to change bc's original
timber licences contributed significantly
to the accelerated logging and poor road
building practices that led to the Clayoquot
Sound process." As the forester for the area
where most Clayoquot timber was located, I
can state without fear of contradiction that
it was not accelerated logging or poor road
building that led to the protests.
In the mid~70s, Macmillan Bloedel
changed their road building practices and
began using backhoes instead of "cats."
With "cats," side-casting was common
practice and led to landslides and slumps,
often damaging water quality and fish
streams, as well as the loss of productive
forest land. And if there was accelerated
logging in the timber licence tenure, it meant
that there was less logging in the crown
tenure. The amount of road building would
be the same either way, because the harvest
was established by the allowable annual cut.
Because the timber harvest was governed
by five-year development plans, it was very
difficult to make radical changes in cutting
sequence and location over the short term.
I submit that the explanation for the
Clayoquot Sound protests had more to
do with the agendas of the anti-logging
groups, which joined forces to stage highly
publicized protests. The Sierra Club wanted
logged areas returned to their original
state with trees 200, 300 or 400 or more
years old. To do that would have reduced
the allowable cut by 50 per cent, with a
resultant loss of employment in the woods
r readers v
and mills and related areas, and reduced
government stumpage and tax revenues.
The Western Canada Wilderness
Committee wanted as much coastal old
growth forests as possible retained in their
natural state as wilderness areas or parks.
They felt eco-tourism would make up for
the loss of employment. As well, people who
ived in the Tofino area didn't want to see
any old-growth cut because it would detract
from their quality of life.
Having lived through a lot of the
protest that took place over Meares Island,
Carmanah Valley and Clayoquot Sound,
I feel quite confident in the accuracy of
my assessment of the events of the 1980s.
To ascribe these tumultuous events of the
'80s to a failure in logging practices does
an injustice to the professional foresters,
engineers and loggers who worked so hard
to live up to "The Land Ethic" that Dr.
Kimmins applauds.
Having said all that, it is very refreshing
that Dr. Kimmins has the courage to say that
pressure from some groups has led to
undesirable changes in forestry. I would go
much further: some of those changes have
been catastrophic, and have led to the sad
state of the forestry industry today.
Norm Godfrey BSF'53
I enjoyed Silver Donald Cameron's article
"Bowser's Brain" with one exception.  In
terms of companionship from a dog, Dr.
Cameron writes "... why saddle yourself
with a sharp-witted, jittery poodle . . . ."
Well, as the owner of two standard poodles
I can assure Dr. Cameron, and your readers,
that while poodles may be sharp-witted they
are neither jittery nor bad companions. His
description of Irish setters seems to apply
equally well to poodles as they are also
gorgeous, affectionate and playful.
Poodles are wonderful dogs whose
"superior" intelligence, rather than
diminishing their role as companions, simply
adds to it.
Peter Vogt BSc'77, BED'90
Spring   2002 Trek 25 versimilitude
I have a problem. I've been assigned
to write an article about William New,
professor of Canadian and post-colonial
literature in UBC's English department.
I read his books. I read his biography. I
interview him. I'm looking for the story,
the narrative, the angle. There is none. Or,
rather, there are many. Too many. William
New, the award-winning teacher. William
New, the literary critic. William New, the
poet. William New, the gardener. William
New, the children's author. William New,
the cultural, historical, political and
geographical theoretician.
You see the dilemma. Too many
choices. No coherent tale. And it's ironic,
too, not being able to select one narrative
with which to talk about William New,
given that he has spent his career studying
narratives of Canada.
What to do? Abandon the singular
story. Throw all the pieces onto a canvas,
like splats of paint, and make a collage. A
cubist collage of fractured views.
Out of the silence, sound.
"Who utters it? Who listens? Who
heard space as silence to begin with? Who
turns sound into speech, and speech into
meaning? Do people hear because of how
they've learned to hear — or does each
person listen alone?"
From "Learning to Listen,"
Native Writers and Canadian Writing
As a Vancouver high school student
in the 1950s, Bill New was vexed to
find this study question in his American-
published textbook: "Discuss the Role of
Our President." "He's not Our President,"
he objected, and then was even more
exasperated when his teacher responded,
"Oh, just discuss the role of Our Prime
Minister instead."
Even at that early age, New knew that
that response was inadequate, recognized
that it ignored fundamental differences
in cultural context and social practice,
understood that to simply slot Canadian
subjects into someone else's paradigm did
not Canadianize the paradigm.
"'One day, if I ever have the chance,'
I said to myself, 'I'm going to design a
Canadian textbook,'" New recalls. And he
Three influences from childhood: Growing
up in Vancouver, New hears stories of his
grandparents, who came to Canada as
immigrants from "elsewhere." CBC Radio
broadcasts from all regions of the country,
filling the airwaves with local narratives and
voices. The Rotary Club sends 17-year-old
New by train to Ottawa on an Adventure in
Citizenship, where he exchanges views with
other high school students from all across the
country, meets his Member of Parliament, is
greeted by the Prime Minister and attends
Parliament. Thus, a sense of Canada and
Canadian, a sense of what local means, a
sense of here and there is forming in young
Bill New's mind. So that by the time his high
school teacher says, "Just discuss the role of
Our Prime Minister instead," he's ready to
sleeping cars
follow the rails   I  children shouting
run in the aisles  I  the upper berth is
the river flows
without knowing its source I the
that shapes it I the clay banks of
- From "Frazer's River," Raucous
Borders, boundaries, limits, lines, edges.
26   Trek   Winter 2002 Dhotograph by Add Name
Spring 2002   Trek   27 WILLIAM  NEW
divisions, separations...
The notion of borders has been a lifelong
fascination for New. Before turning to
literature, he studied geography and
geomorphology; as a student, he spent
several summers working for a mining
exploration company, tramping over
much of British Columbia, learning about
rock formations, staking claims — an
experience that stoked his interest in land,
space and territory.
Canada, New says, is in many ways
a place divided, a place that includes and
excludes, a place defined by its borders
both external (with the United States,
with the Arctic, with the Pacific Rim,
with Europe) and internal (in the form of
regions, provinces, English and French,
native and non-native, divisions in religion,
politics, class, race, gender and so on).
From an early age, New observed how
geographic boundaries took on intellectual
and emotional significance. To illustrate,
he points to the definition of national
versus regional. When the definition of
central Canada becomes the norm, he
says, so does its corollary, the hinterland.
Such a view turns Jack Hodgins into a
regional writer and claims Robertson
Davies as national, distorting both. This
division creates implications for what has
social consequence and what is considered
New says that boundary-line rhetoric
is divisive; it operates by suggesting
uniform absolutes: Western alienation.
Anglophone Canada vs. francophone
Quebec. Two solitudes. Such sweeping
generalizations are promulgated as fixed
truths, even though the reality is complex
and diverse.
New rejects absolutist views. He
differentiates between borderline and
borderland: the first is divisive and
exclusionary, while the second embraces
overlap, negotiation, ambiguity. Borders,
he says, are not fixed, but giddy,
because they are sites of translation
and transformation. Thus, Canada's
border with the us, or the provinces'
boundaries with one another, are not only
geographical lines but also places where
cultures, ideas, economies and identities
mix, where people agree to live together,
sometimes uncomfortably.
It is this lack of comfort that excites
Bill New. To question absolutes, he says,
is to invite the possibility of chaos. But
alongside chaos is the chance of creativity.
The borderland is where interesting
things happen. Where Canada becomes a
place of ambiguity, plurality, community,
multiplicity, association, negotiation,
A short, balding man sits in a swivel
chair in a crammed office. His grey hair is
cut close around the head, Roman-style.
He wears a black sweatshirt, white shirt,
black slacks, comfortable shoes. Books,
articles, journals, handouts jam the ceiling-
high bookshelves that tower over him
the way the skyscrapers of Georgia Street
dwarf Christ Church Cathedral. There
are a few personal touches: a collection of
odd-shaped rocks from his early rambles, a
huge wine jug wrapped in raffia, a leather
Australian bush hat sitting incongruously
on a filing cabinet.
As we speak, his nervous, active
hands constantly describe the air. He leans
forward and back, swivels around to grab
a book, stands to reach an article, thrusts
it at me. Yet, for all this activity, he is
soft-spoken. He thinks before answering
the question, then speaks in measured,
well-thought-out phrases, his mind moving
effortlessly from one idea to the next.
The interview finished, I stand to
leave. I comment on the rock collection.
His eyes light up. His fingers brush odd-
shaped stones. He lifts a black lump.
"Galena," he says, holding it out for me to
see. It shines with iridescence.
"One summer when I worked for the
mining exploration company, there was a
boss we didn't much like. He would arrive
in camp only irregularly, immediately
order everyone around and pompously
explain how everything should be done,
how important he was and what an
international authority he was on mineral
identification. Once, when he demanded
to be taken over a property, the crew,
themselves in excellent physical shape
by mid-summer, took him to the steepest
terrain they knew of. The boss was soon
panting. Halfway up a slope he paused
for breath, and, to make the stop look
intentional, hacked at a piece of rock and
demanded that the crew identify it. With
half a glance, the crew leader answered,
'Piece of float,' tossed it aside into the
scree and redoubled the pace up the
[The masks] ...
Crooked-Beak, in raffia and red
cedar, to hold back the cannibal-
at-the-North-End-of-the- World,
Thunderbird, who ruffles the inner
edges of the sky's extreme,
dance Raven, Eagle,
again the earth that shapes them
ocean fire air.
- From "Storyboards," Stone I Rain
Several years ago, I traveled to Paris
with several Americans. One member of
our group searched the city for a us-style
pick-up basketball game, in vain. "What's
wrong with this place?" he groused. In
cafes, when his Coke arrived without ice,
he complained, "They don't know how to
serve Coke here." One evening, at dinner,
Trek   Spring 2002 he grew so impatient at the slow service
that he rose from the table and fetched
dessert menus himself, deeply offending
our waiter.
At the time, I was merely embarrassed
to be seen with the proverbial ugly
American. But now, having spoken to and
read William New, I see that this was not
a simple case of bad manners. It was a
denial of context. It was a failure to see
French social customs in the context of
French values and traditions, an imposition
of external values on the local setting.
New has long battled against other
interpretations, other sets of values, being
imposed on Canada, whether in literature
or politics, history or social theory.
not fun to read. But then, they present
a challenge. How do you reach that
student, help him or her discover the skills
and passion for learning to take beyond
university? (Pause.) The hardest part, I
suppose, is that you don't always succeed.
A box of 800 page proofs sits on
Bill New's desk. They are part of the
Encyclopedia of Literature in Canada, his
current publishing project.
Does every career need a summation?
If so, the Encyclopedia is New's. As the
etymology of the word encyclopedia
explains, it is a "course in general
education." The project, he says, started
as a question: "What would a book like
Mackerel mockery pickerel pike
I rode a piano, my dad rode a bike
Together we pedalled from Prince
Edward Island
Mackerel mockery pickerel pike
Bill New originally wrote Vanilla
Gorilla, his volume of verse for
children, as an alphabet book for his
own kids. "It had a covert educational
function," he says with a sheepish
smile, and it didn't work, either as an
alphabet book or as an instructional
tome. Coming back to it years later,
he tossed out the original structure
"to allow something else to happen."
Something else did.
On his first day on the job, he found two items in the mail: one was an entire thesis with a
note saying, "Dear Editor, if you see something in this, please edit it into an article," the other
a letter threatening to sue because a review that had been accepted the previous year hadn't
been printed yet.
"I wondered what I'd got into," he says dryly.
Canada, he argues, does not need to define
itself in relation to others, especially the
us and Britain, but in terms of its own
In other words, Coke without ice is
just fine.
Q: How do you see your role as a teacher?
A: I see myself as an enabler. Not someone
who hands down accepted truths, but
someone who points out possibilities,
presents different ways of seeing.
Q: What do you love best about teaching?
A: The students. I love the excitement of
their learning, helping them learn, and
learning from them.
Q: What do you hate most about teaching?
A: Unimaginative essays, written out of
duty with little care and effort. They're
this look like? What form would it take?
What would it cover?" The answers
came as the book evolved: 2,500 entries,
300 contributors, one volume covering
everything from genres and literary terms
to language and the publishing industry,
humour and book design to literature in the
unofficial and oral languages of Canada,
libel and copyright law to censorship and
journalism, socio-literary issues to the lives
of writers both famous and obscure.
New lists the topic areas matter-of-
factly, but he can't hide the twinkle in his
eye. "The current book is the one that
preoccupies the mind and that grows out
of all the work that's preceded it," he says.
Which is another way of saying that this,
for the time being, at least, is his favourite
My narwhal is a nincompoop
He's nosy and he nags
He wears a neon necklace
And he punctures paper bags
He tries to swim to Pangnirtung
Every New Year's Day
But ends up down in
Instead of Baffin Bay
A second book of children's verse,
Llamas in the Laundry, is coming out
in fall 2002.
In 1966, Bill New became assistant
editor of the critical quarterly Canadian
Literature, working alongside George
Woodcock and Donald Stephens.
"When Canadian Literature began at
Spring 2002   Trek   29 WILLIAM  NEW
UBC in 1959," he recalls, "two of the arch
jokes that circulated were 'Is there any?' and
'What will you put in the second issue?'"
Of course, there was plenty to put in, as
New and his colleagues discovered, and of
his time as assistant editor he says, "It was
a privilege to work with and learn from
George Woodcock and Donald Stephens,
and to find out what was really happening
at the forefront of literary endeavour."
New took over as editor in 1977,
and although he would hold the position
for 17 years, his beginning was less than
auspicious. On his first day on the job,
he found two items in the mail: one was
an entire thesis with a note saying, "Dear
Editor, if you see something in this, please
edit it into an article," the other a letter
threatening to sue because a review that had
been accepted the previous year hadn't been
printed yet.
"I wondered what I'd got into," he says
Faraway narratives —
the bicycle thief who takes
ashes, the scorpion who steals eggs —
all sting slowly, the tale
curled gently on the teller's tongue.
- From "Bicycle Rack," Stone I Rain
"It's not the story you tell, it's how you
tell the story."
Robert Kroetsch
"Because we live in society, wherever we
are in the world, we're going to have the
same stories to tell with the same universal
themes: love, hate, jealousy, survival, and
so on. But how you tell the story, how you
highlight what is important to you, shapes
the connection between you and your reader
and influences how the story is understood."
William New
Remember the American textbook
and the "Our President" question that
sparked Bill New's outrage as a high
school student? Remember his vow to
correct the situation? Well, he has: 40
books' worth, ranging from anthologies
to six volumes of the Dictionary of
Literary Biography, from studies of
Lowry and Laurence to studies of
Mansfield and Munro, from the history
of literature in Canada to studies of
literary form, from analysis of the short
story genre to analysis of the relation
between landscape, power and culture.
Implicit in New's approach to
writing both textbooks and literary
criticism is the notion that the way
we approach literature shapes our
understanding of it. "So much depends
on the impulse behind the critical quest,"
he says, and for him the impulse is to be
an enabler — there's that word again!
— not a definer. "In writing textbooks,
what I'm doing is saying, 'Here are some
angles of approach, here's one way of
reading among many, here are some
ways to think, see, appreciate.'"
One literary structure that
exemplifies this approach, and that
fascinates Bill New, is the short story
sequence, the collection of linked but not
necessarily chronological short stories.
This, he says, is a particularly Canadian
form, "a narrative of related differences"
that invites the reader to fill in the
gaps, listen to the silences, discover the
associations and contiguities.
No wonder he's attracted to the
form; his own writing works the same
way. Instead of presenting a linear text
that leads to fixed, set conclusions, he
offers a series of positions. It's up to the
reader to explore the connections, see the
associations, find the meaning. It's like a
mural. It's like a collage.
paragraphs talking boxes instead of
bees  I
walk outside  I  dance  I  a pirouette of
- From "Drone," Raucous
When I ask Bill New about his contribution
to Canadian literature, his modest reply
is: "You'd have to ask other people."
So I look elsewhere, and find out that
he has won numerous awards for his
writing and teaching, most recently the
2001 Confederation of University Faculty
Associations of BC Career Achievement
Award. His biography states:
"He is recognized internationally for his
innovative scholarship, critical writing and
development of reference materials... [which
have] transformed how Canadian and post-
colonial literatures are now studied and
When New started out, Canadian
writers and books were unknown; now they
are known, in demand and internationally
admired. "It's been an extraordinary
experience to have helped to make this
change happen," he says.
you can't get blood from a skin
flint wineskin flintlock
oh yes you can  I   cracked voice
muttering bloodstone  bloodstone
to a harvest moon
- From "Stained Glass," Raucous
The scholar who has made a significant
contribution to the recognition of Canadian
literature yet is relatively unknown in
Canada... the author of both serious poetry
for adults and playful verse for children...
the lover of wilderness who inhabits a
cramped, paper-stuffed office... the defender
of Canadian identity who refuses to define
what "Canadian" is...   My collage is filled
with contradictory images.
That would delight Bill New. "Different
ways of seeing," he'd say with a wry
30   Trek   Spring 2002 a degree of confidence
for many students, a university education
represents a sizeable financial investment, and
the liberal arts degree, with its non-specialist
nature and less-than-obvious career path,
might seem a risky choice for securing a
return. But statistics demonstrate that liberal
arts graduates fare well in today's economy.
BY  VANESSA  CLARKE    There is an old adage that a university's role
is to prepare students for life, and not just
for a job. But with the rising cost of tuition, it's not surprising that many
students treat their post-secondary education as a means to a vocation.
Some choose traditional paths, such as specialties in the health field; others
choose applied science and technology, believing them to be the hot new
areas for an anxiety-free employment future.
Although she acknowledges that many students know their calling from
a tender age, Keira McPhee, a project manager with UBC's Career Services,
says that others may feel pressured to specialize early because they think
that specific training is more likely to guarantee them a quality job with
high pay, satisfaction and security. Although this is often the case, it doesn't
Spring 2002   Trek   31 > LIBERAL  SMARTS
necessarily follow that a broad-based liberal
arts education can't do the same. "The
statistics just don't bear it out," says McPhee.
Comparing data from the 1991 and
1996 censuses, UBC Economics Professor
Robert Allen published a paper in 1999
examining the role of social sciences and
humanities in the knowledge-based economy.
The empirical evidence showed "that the
demand for graduates in the social sciences
and humanities is growing rapidly, that they
earn high salaries, and that the rate of return
to investing in their education is as high as
that of sciences and engineering." Allen also
vocational or technical training can secure a
good job persists. McPhee says that liberal
arts students have a tendency to be more
anxious about translating their education into
a career than students from more vocational
disciplines. "It's important that we talk about
the importance of a liberal arts degree," she
says. "Students feel anxiety because they
get fed negative messages and panic about
prospects." But what the CEOs recognized is
that all the technical and scientific expertise in
the world is not of much value if the labour
force lacks the level of literacy required for
processing information. "Companies are
looking for broad-based skills such as critical
thinking and problem solving, or being able
to communicate a vision and turn it into
on a daily basis. Gone are the days when an
employee spends her whole career with one
company and receives a golden handshake
after 3 5 years service. Nowadays, employees
tend to hold several different positions during
their career lifetimes, often crossing fields or
specialties in the process. "What students really
need to know is how to learn and how to be
versatile . . . there's a huge body of knowledge
for them to absorb," says McPhee. She heads
a program called Future Mapping that helps
students find their way through the maze.
Although the service is currently available to
arts and science students, McPhee has observed
that new liberal arts graduates typically take
some time settling into a career after finishing
university by trying on various jobs until
points out that when BC
was experiencing a boom
in the early '90s, the top
field for employment
growth was the social
sciences, followed by physical sciences and
then engineering.
And there's more direct evidence of the
value of a liberal arts education: after Ontario
Premier Mike Harris promised to double the
output of Computer Science and Computing
Engineering graduates in the province over
a three year period, and new funding was
directed almost exclusively to these subject
areas, the CEOs of many top companies
including IBM, Compaq and Motorola,
released a statement in April 2000 expressing
reservation over an education policy that
focused on science and technology at the
expense of the arts. It said that although there
is a need for increased training in science and
technology, "we have an equally strong need
for those with a broader background who
can work in tandem with technical specialists,
helping create and manage the corporate
environment." On those members of the
workforce with a liberal arts background,
the CEOs' statement said: "This was time well
spent, not squandered. They have increased
their value to our companies, our economy,
our culture and themselves by acquiring the
level of cultural and civic literacy that the
humanities offer."
Despite the evidence, the myth that only
What the ceos are saying is that people with a liberal arts
background bring them something they can't necessarily find elsewhere.
practical action," says McPhee, referring to
the types of ability typically fostered during a
liberal arts education.
Allen says the reasons behind the demand
for these skills are the organizational shifts
that have accompanied technological change.
Information that used to be processed through
hierarchies of employees is now processed
by computer, leaving more sophisticated
tasks that call for high levels of education
and literacy. "Business organization has been
revolutionized to take advantage of cheap
information," he says. Allen also notes that
although technological revolutions may result
in the production of new technical products, it
is likely to be the utilization of these products
across all sectors that promotes the bulk of
economic growth. "One of the outstanding
features of the knowledge-based economy will
be the breadth of advanced education and
skills it requires," he states.
Although promising, today's job market
is also complex, elusive and unpredictable
and graduates require a correspondingly
more complex set of skills and techniques for
negotiating it. Most positions aren't advertised
and there is increasing pressure to keep skills
up to date in an environment where new and
improved tools are introduced, seemingly
they find the right fit. "What that suggests
to us, and what our experience dealing with
students suggests, is that liberal arts students
aren't necessarily career focused when they're
at university," she says. "They graduate and
they're suddenly faced with getting a job and
negotiating the economy. They often have little
idea how to apply these broad-based skills and
find a niche that works." McPhee calls these
the wilderness years. "We want to encourage
some of that wilderness wandering while
they're still at school," she says. "If students
start networking, getting job experience,
learning how to find where the work is and
what might be a good fit, they'll be ahead in
the long run."
Far from being obsolete, then, the liberal arts
degree provides graduates with a strong footing
from which to tackle the world of work.
And in today's economy, with its confusing
and dynamic job market, the goal of Future
Mapping is not to prepare students for a job,
it's to prepare them for a healthy and satisfying
career. ->
32   Trek   Spring 2002 J '1 ALUMNI
^jk^M theARTS
H. Colin Slim Stravinsky Collection
Igor Stravinsky was one of the defining voices
of 20th century music. H. Colin Slim was a
recent UBC music grad in 1952 when he met
the master and conducted Les Noces at the
Canadian premiere. Dr. Slim went on to a
distinguished career as a teacher, musicologist
and collector. His Stravinsky collection contains
more than 130 pieces including a signed edition
of the ballet, Petrushka, photos, drawings,
music, portraits and many autographed items.
Dr. Slim donated the collection to the UBC
Library, where it resides in Special Collections.
Art of the Great Proletarian Cultural
Revolution, 1966-1976
March 22 - May 26, 2002
Propaganda arts of the Chinese Cultural
Revolution. Examines the impact of these
images in the West.
555 Hamilton Street
Risk: Playing the Game
April 6-21, 2002
Five artists display their innovative work on
the theme of risk in the context of the history
of visual culture and contemporary visual art
Osvaldo Yero: A Sea of Tears
April 27 - May 26, 2002
Display of the Cuban-born artist's 750-piece
blue glazed porcelain wall installation: A Sea
of Tears, created during a residency in Banff. /
Inspired by the hardships suffered by the
homeless of Cuba.
34   Trek   Spring 2002
Dempsey Bob:
The Art Goes Back to the Stories
Through Dec. 2002 Theatre Gallery
An exhibition on the work of Tahltan-
Tlingit artist Dempsey Bob, featuring three
of his most recent bronze sculptures. The
exhibit is complemented by a sourcebook
developed by Dempsey's daughter, Tanya
Bob, in 2000.
The Spirit of Islam: Experiencing Islam
/Through Calligraphy
Through May 12, 2002 Galleries 8, 9, 10
The exhibition presents a selection of
outstanding examples of Islamic art
and calligraphy from different historica
periods. Includes two interconnected
galleries housing a prayer space and a*
learning space.
Continuing Traditions
Through April 30, 2002 Gallery 3
An exhibit module focusing on the
evolution of Coast Salish basketry
over the past 50 years. Prepared by
UBC graduate Sharon Fortney
(as part of her ma program)'in
collaboration with Museum .
staff and representatives from
the Squamish, Klahoose,
Stlatlimx, and Nlakapamux
First Nations.
Igor Stravinsky, pen and ink drawing
by Aline Fruhauf (1907-1978), part of the H. Colin Slim
Stravinsky Collection at the UBC Library. The School of
Music held a symposium on Stravinsky in April. «lttJUDHmfliMUfc-W: TW0II
Pacific Baroque Orchestra
April 6, 8:00 pm
Admission free with tickets. For information call 822-
April 7, 3:00 pm
Andrew Dawes, violin; Jane Coop, piano
Beethoven Violin Sonata Cycle Pt 3
Alfred Brendel, Piano
April 9, 8:00 pm
Gyuto Monks
April 12,8:00 pm
The Gyuto Tantric Choir in Concert
Clear eyes, pure heart
Art from China's Cultural Revolution is stirring,
forceful and inspiring. Combining traditional
and revolutionary rhetoric, it showed an
immense hope that reality could not match. At
the Belkin Gallery until May 22.
UBC Chinese Ensemble
April 3,12:00 pm
UBC Music Building, Recital Hall, free
Spring Gala (presented by the UBC Medical School)
April 13,7:00 pm
Music, theatre and humour from UBC Medical School
students. Proceeds to Vancouver Rape Relief and
Women's Shelter
Weavers at Musqueam
Opening Spring 2002 Gallery 3
Gathering Strength Exhibit
Three new examples of the work of
Musqueam weavers Vivian Campbell,
Lynn Dan and Linda Gabriel.
Kaxlaya Gvilas
April 24, 2002, through September 2, 2002
(opening reception April 23, 2002, y:oo pm,
free admission)
Contemporary art works from the Heiltsuk
village of Waglisla (Bella Bella), bc, and
historical pieces from the Royal Ontario
Museum's R.W. Large Collection. Rare
objects, ranging from brightly-painted
masks, carved figures, boxes, baskets,
bows, walking sticks and staffs, to musical
instruments, jewellery, tools and fishing gear.
April 7, 8:00 pm
Duo Concertant, Concerto for Two Pianos, Les
UBC faculty & student artists tba, University Singers
Bruce Pullan, conductor
Old Auditorium, $20/$14
Opera Bon Bons
April 26 & 27, 8:00 pm
Judith Forst, UBC Opera Ensemble
Old Auditorium, $20/$14
Murray Perahia, piano
April 2, 8:00 pm
UBC Symphony Orchestra
Apr 4 & 5,12:00 pm
Admission free with tickets. For information call 822-
Mozarteum Orchestra of Salzburg
April 14,8:00 pm
Danny Maseng (singer/actor)
April 16,7:30 pm
A selection of Israeli and Jewish songs to celebrate
Israeli Independence Day.
Vancouver Symphony
April 19 & 20, 8:00 pm
Bramwell Tovey, conductor; Steven Isserlis, cello;
Christopher Gaze, narrator; Elektra Women's Choir
Connie Kaldor (singer/songwriter)
April 28, 8:00 pm
Emma Kirkby & the Freiburg Baroque
April 30, 8:00pm
Alicia de Larrocha, pianist
May 7, 8:00 pm ->
Spring 2002   Trek   35 BOOKS
Ltvf.i 1]     V> ■'.J 4 i if j L i {
CD: Songs and Sounds of Canadian Rail
Dave Baker basc(mech eng)'69
Coast County Productions
QDRailway songs with a strong Canadian
flavour, including titles such as Canadian
Pacific, Canadian Railway Trilogy and
Hudson Bay Line. Released in 1999, the CD
has already sold several thousand copies.
Performer Dave Baker penned many of
the songs himself, but also covers Gordon
Lightfoot, James Rankin and others. He has
performed numerous times at the West Coast
Rail Heritage Park in Squamish, BC. The
songs describe Canadian landscapes, echo its
unique culture and recall its historical figures,
reflecting the artist's love for roots music.
Down By The Old Mill Stream: A Stymiest
Carl W.W. Stymiest UE, BED'74, MED'94
Trafford Publishing
]DThe culmination of decades of research,
this book charts the history of the Stymiest
family surname. The author has sought the
origins of the family name on both male and
female sides and has traced it back as far as
the 1190s. This book focuses on the earlier
generations. It includes family charts and
documentation along with letters, photographs
and diaries. It comes with a CD that carries
additional information about the Stymiest
family name.
Not Quite Mainstream: Canadian Jewish Short
Norman Ravvin, Editor ba'86, ma'88
Red Deer Press, $18.95
This book spotlights short fiction by
Canadian Jewish writers and aims to present
excellent examples of the craft. However,
as its title suggests, the book seeks to give a
sense of the evolution of the short story as
a genre in Jewish Canada. It includes early
examples of the form by the likes of Yaacov
Zipper (translated from Yiddish) and also
work by modern writers like Claire Rothman.
The editor has also chosen to showcase short
stories by writers such as Mordecai Richler
and Tom Wayman, who are usually recognized
for their work in other genres.
Steel My Soldier's Hearts
Neil J. Stewart LLB'51
Trafford Publishing
]DThe author recollects time spent as a tank
crew member, and later commander, during
the North-West Europe Campaign of WWII.
He came of age and joined the war effort in
time for the assault on Normandy, and the
book documents his experiences from D-day
to the .Armistice. Creative non-fiction from
the fighting man's perspective. "From that
vantage point, they had to steel their hearts
Distant Wanderers: The Search for Planets
Beyond the Solar System
Bruce Dorminey
Copernicus Books, US$29.95
Planets in other solar systems have stayed
largely beyond the human experience, but
new technology means scientists are finally
being rewarded for decades of searching.
Working in what has become an increasingly
competitive field, scientists now know
that planets in other solar systems come in
various shapes and sizes with differing orbits
36   Trek   Spring 2002 ..J-..-*  ■ .
.£^7 wvju fljnc ypiitivk
.NLtLt- S'Ei;VU*KT
and diverse temperatures. "Some are so
strange that they challenge the very definition
ofthe word 'planet.'" By examining the work
of many scientists, including astronomer
Gordon Walker and a team from UBC,
science journalist Bruce Dorminey describes
what has been discovered and speculates on
what is yet to be found.
The Last Trip to Oregon
George Payerle ba'68, MA'70
Ronsdale Press $14.95
QDPayerle, a former Creative Writing
professor at UBC, takes us to Oregon and
back, reflecting on his life and the life of his
travelling companion, poet Charles "Red"
Lillard, who died shortly after the trip. The
book is an elegy to Lillard, but it's also a
summing up of Payerle himself. The poems
are brilliant in the way they express doubt,
surety, hubris, fear, wonder, fatigue: all the
feelings of a person who, looking back,
sees the successes, the failures, the honest
attempts and the screw-ups.
I'm a Vegetarian
Ellen Schwartz mfa'88
Tundra Books, $14.99
Written for teens and their parents,
this lifestyle/cookbook contains the kind
of information kids need when they're
considering giving up meat. Schwartz, who
has two vegetarian daughters, shows how
to maintain a balanced, healthy diet without
having to give up taste, texture and food
fun. Filled with humour, tips, valuable
information and kitchen-tested recipes, the
book is as fun to read as it is informative.
The Boulevard Book
Jacobs, Macdonald and Rofe
MIT Press
Why do most North American
commercial strips look and feel like they
were planned in Hell? Is it really as hard to
build an Avenue Montaigne in Paris as it
is to build a Kingsway in Vancouver? This
book, co-written by Planning Prof. Elizabeth
Macdonald, looks at the history, evolution
and design of some of the world's best and
worst boulevards. It stresses that liveable
cities must develop urban areas where
pedestrians and cars can live in harmony,
and shows us how to go about it.
Discovery by Design
Eric Darner MA'96, phd'oo
Ronsdale Press $29.95
]DThe history of the department of
Mechanical Engineering at UBC parallels
the history of BC itself. Born at the end of
the steam age in 1907, MechEng at UBC is
now a world leader in high-tech research.
The book takes a careful look at the
politics of the period, focusing on university
administrators and provincial politicians
who helped or hindered development. It
also looks at the changes in the Engineer
experience at UBC, from the Lady Godiva
ride to the massive increase in female
undergrads in the 1990s.
Spring 2002   Trek   37 CLASS AC
Find out who's doing what and where they're doing it
Class Acts are submitted by UBC alumni of all years
who want to stay in touch with former classmates. Send
your info to vanessac@alumni.ubc.ca or mail it to our
offices (see page 2 for the address). Include photos if
you can, and remember, we'll edit for space.
Norman Campbell BA'44, oc> received  an
honorary doctorate from the University of
pel He is best known for his involvement in
both the television and stage productions of
Anne of Green Gables Norman has produced
and directed countless other works in various
media, to great acclaim in Canada, the us and
Great Britain. He received Emmy awards for
his ballet productions of Sleeping Beauty and
Cinderella and has  directed episodes of many
TV show such as The Mary Tyler Moore Show
and All in the Family. He has worked with
the likes of Rudolph Nureyev, Diana Ross and
Olivia Newton John.
Robert Morley Buzza BA'57, med'6o retired
as executive director of the BC Teachers
Federation in 1989. He was awarded the
Canadian Teachers' Federation Special
Recognition Award for outstanding service at
the inter-provincial, national and international
levels in 1992. He recently completed six
years service on the board of Douglas
College and has served as treasurer and VP,
Research, for the Scleroderma Association
of BC since retirement. In September he was
elected president of the Scleroderma Society
of Canada.  Scleroderma, a chronic disease
of the skin, circulatory system and connective
tissue, has no known cause or cure and affects
more than 500,000 people in North America.
Financial contributions support a research
program at UBC (call 1-888-940-9343). Bob
can be reached at rmbuzza@ret.bctf.ca.
David L. Andrews basc(civil)'64 has
retired as VP, Project Management, at Tri
Ocean Engineering Ltd., a company he
helped found in 1976 . . . On November
22, Doreen Braverman BED'64 was awarded
the Canadian Women's Entrepreneur of
the Year's Lifetime Achievement Award.
Braverman started her own business 26 years
ago in Vancouver. Production processes
include dye-printing and custom sewing of
flags, banners and textile yardgoods. The
products are sold through n flag shops
across Canada as well as on the World
Wide Web . . . Helen Hunter Chapco
ba'68, PHD'75, head of the department of
French at the University of Regina, has
been appointed director of the Humanities
Research Institute there. Ellen and William
Chapco's daughter, Jane Chapco, graduated
in UBC's Spring Convocation with a BA
in Canadian Studies . . . Terry Comerford
basc(civil)'68 retired in September, after 33
years with Boeing. He held various positions
in engineering management over the last 20
years, retiring as chief engineer for safety
and airworthiness, structures and payloads .
. .  Robert Stuart Thomson BA'62 (Woodrow
Wilson Fellow) has a publishing company,
Godwin Books. Information on books by
authors such as George Godwin can be seen
at www.godwinbooks.com . . . Brian W.
Wallace basc'66, P.ENG, has been appointed
president of ndlea, a Vancouver-based
engineering consultancy company celebrating
its 40th year of operation in 2002.
Harold Cunliffe BASc'73 has been elected
chair of the Urban Design Commission of the
City of Atlanta, Georgia. This body oversees
historic districts and public projects, and
On April 7, 2001, Tom Manson BA'76 was initiated
into Cameroon's Wimbum Tribe by His Royal Highness
the Fon Tokup III of Mbot and as far as anyone can
remember, he is the first white person to receive
the honour. During the ceremony the Fon of Mbot
declared: "Thomas Manson has a white skin, but
he is my son and Mbot is his village." Tom's African
connection began at UBC, where he studied African
History under the late Professor Fritz Lehmann. Later
on, while studying at the University of London in the
school of Oriental and African Studies, he formed
a lasting friendship with Anthony (Tony) Ndi from
The year after Tom graduated with his MA, he
visited Tony in Cameroon and went to Mbot for the
first time. Two years later he returned - this time
with wife Pat Manson BA'76 for their honeymoon.
During this stay they met Tony's brother, who later
became the Fon of Mbot. Tom and Pat settled in
North America, but their ties to Cameroon remained
strong and they chose Cameroonian names for all five
of their children. Sadly, Pat died of cancer in 1998.The
following year, Tom acted as father of the bride for
Tony's eldest daughter Mungo, who was
38   Trek   Spring 2002 getting married in London, England. When Tony's
brother, now the Fon of Mbot, saw a videotape of the
occasion, he said: "How can Uncle Tom be giving Mungo
away when he is not a member of the tribe?" and set
out to remedy the situation.
The title the Cameroonians bestowed on Tom during
his initiation ceremony (Tam'fu ofthe Mbot Nfu) is a
prestigious one. Mbot is the senior Fondom (chiefdom)
of the Warr Clan of the Wimbum Tribe and the Nfu is
its military organ. Tam'fu is the second highest rank in
the Mbot Nfu and is marked by the wearing of a red
feather in a traditional cap and the right to a seat in the
Nfu Lodge, a giant traditional structure in front of the
royal palace. In the past, the main duty of the Nfu was
to defend the village in the face of inter-tribal or other
wars. Today, the military tradition is maintained with
much swordplay, but the function of the Nfu is to meet
every eight days to discuss matters affecting the village.
The ceremony was attended by many senior figures
within the Wimbum Tribe, some dressed in bird feathers,
leaves and masks, as well as hundreds of villagers,
choirs of women and acrobatic teams. But there was
also a more serious side to the ceremony; a minute
of silence was observed in remembrance of Patricia
Manson (1954 - 1998), well known and respected by
the royal family of Mbot.D
is dedicated to enhancing the urban fabric
of the city . . . Spencer Martin BSF'78 has
become district manager with Fisheries and
Oceans Canada in Prescott, Ontario. This
change comes after spending 21 years with
the Canadian Coast Guard, in Vancouver
(1980-87) and Ottawa (1988-2001). Along
with wife Debbie, daughter Emily (10)
and son Lucas (8), Spencer moved to Lyn,
Ontario, in August to take up his new
duties . . . Dr. Roberta Neault BED'77,
president of Life Strategies Ltd., is this
year's recipient of the Stu Conger Award
Two past presidents ofthe
Alumni Association, Linda
Thorstad BSc'77, MSc'84
(president 'cjcj-'oi), and
Martin Glynn BA'74, MBA'76
(president '92.-93), are in
the news. Ms Thorstad
was one of five winners to
receive this year's Influential
Women in Business Awards,
co-presented by Women
Entrepreneurs of Canada
and Business in Vancouver.
Mr. Glynn, president and
ceo of hsbc Bank Canada,
recently presented a cheque on behalf of the
bank to UBC for $1.4 million. Mr. Glynn was
recently appointed to the Board of Governors
of UBC, and Ms Thorstad currently serves on
the Board.
for Leadership in Counseling and Career
Development in Canada. This natonal award
is presented annually by the Canadian Career
Development Foundation . . . Robert D.
Tarleck MED'75 was recently elected mayor
of Lethbridge, Alberta. After the election he
retired from a 3 6-year teaching career, which
spanned from middle school to university
level. He also served as reading consultant
for the Lethbridge Public School District
and more recently as assistant administrator
and international baccalaureate coordinator
at Winston Churchill High School . . . Sally
Thorne BSN'79, MSN'83 has been named
director of UBC's school of Nursing. Last
year, she received the Killam Teaching prize
READ INNOVATIVE BOOKS exploring Classical Greece and Shakespeare, pleasurable
while informative. Shakespeare-in-Essence series (Adventures of Falstaff, Love tragedies,
Love comedies, Mystery of Hamlet); Delphic Oracle prophecies, Aristophanes' unique
bawdy humor, Socrates, the Martyred Messiah (new evidence); Greek Drama, Shakespeare
companion guides. Display: www.MyronStagman.com City-State Press
RESCUE NATURE, RESCUE OURSELVES, our environmental-activist book, (1) Surveys
worldwide threats to Nature (global warming, endangered animal+plant species, biotech-
Frankenstein food...Note sec. Pollution & Cancer). (2) Specifies easy spare time action
for busy but conscientious people.        Join an (individualistic) international Rescue
Nature campaign. Display: www.MyronStagman.com   City-State Press
Spring 2002   Trek   39 for Applied Science.
Andrea Allingham ba'86 and husband
Philip Allingham ba'68, phd'88 spent most
of December in Singapore so that Philip
could fulfil a three-week appointment as
a senior fellow in the University Scholars
Programme for the University of Singapore
(nus). The university is the only major
post-secondary institution in Asia that
uses English as its primary language of
instruction. He was invited to the university
by Dean of the University Scholars
Programme George Landow, to work with
him on the Victorian Web (VictorianWeb.
org), a huge database on all things
Victorian. Philip used his expertise in I9tn
century novel serialization and illustration
to write, edit and choose articles and
illustrations of interest to scholars of the
Victorian era. He was able to continue
supervision of his Lakehead University
English students via WebcT ...  Hilary
Espezel BSN'87, msn'oi, husband Philip
Espezel basc'88 and son Colin welcomed
twins Kristofer and Owen on November 2,
2000. Hilary is a research nurse based at
the Childrens' and Women's Health Centre
of BC and Philip is a structural engineer
working with Glotman Simpson Consulting
Engineers in Vancouver ... Brett Coyle
dmd'86 and Karen Coyle bsc(pharm)'88
are pleased to announce the arrival of
Ryan, a brother for Liam, in March,
2001. Brett has his dental practice in West
Vancouver and Karen fits in part-time work
for Shoppers Drug Mart in West Vancouver
when she's not at home with the boys ...
Mitchell Erickson bsc(agr)'8i, BSN'89
was recently appointed assistant clinical
professor at the University of California
in San Francisco ... Ken Johnson basc'8i
is now employed with eba Engineering
Consultants Ltd. in Edmonton. Ken is
a project director responsible for eba's
community infrastructure related work in
the Yukon, NWT and Nunavut. Ken is also
nearing completion of the requirements
that will qualify him as a full member of
the Canadian Institute of Planning. He
may be reached at kenjohnson@eba.ca
... After three years in China marketing
consumer hair products (using the Chinese
he learned at UBC) Robby Robertson (Bruce
Robertson) BA'85 is now back in Princeton
and working in NYC for L'Oreal as a VP with
responsibility for the Asian market. Wife
Carolyn and children Bruce and Jane are all
David Adewuyi PHD'98 now teaches in
the College of Education at Albany State
University, where he has been coordinator of
the Middle Grades Education Program since
July 1, 2000. He has also chaired a major
committee for the College of Education,
written grant proposals and developed the
Teacher Education Student Handbook. He
is actively involved in Study Abroad and
student and faculty exchange programs.
This summer, David will be part of a team
that leads students from three American
universities to the University of Cape Coast
in Ghana and he will teach Supporting
English Language and Literacy Learning in
Ghanaian schools as part of a Study Abroad
program ... After UBC, Amanjit Pandher
BA'96 attended Harvard where she obtained
a masters degree in Public Policy. She is now
working in Ottawa as a policy advisor with
Human Resources Development Canada,
where her focus is on child poverty and
income inequality. Earlier this year, she went
on a dream trip to Singapore and India...
Noel C. Thorpe BHK'97 and Erminia Russo
BPH'97 were married in Kelowna, BC,  in
May. They met as varsity coaches working
for UBC's Athletics department. Erminia
was the women's head volleyball coach and
received the prestigious Outstanding Young
Alumnus Award in 1999. Noel was the
defensive coordinator for the Thunderbird
Football Team.
Paul N. Andonian ba'oo and Cedric
Hu ba'oo have both begun studies at
Southwestern University School of Law. They
are enrolled in the school's day program, a
three-year course of study leading to the Juris
Doctor degree. ->
is js^
"Certainly. A forty  uf four at  seven-thirty  in the name  nf Dr. Jenningi.
Mfly I Sik whether that ii On a£twd medical degree or merely a Ph.D.?"
40   Trek   Spring 2002 IN MEMORIAM
Alan Ford bsc(agr)'66 on August n, 2001, in
a drowning accident ... Bronwen Gouws BA'89,
BED'96 on December 18, 2001. She was active in
theatre during her years at UBC and afterwards
taught elementary school in West Vancouver ...
Shelagh (Hawkens) Leach BA'47 loved to sing
and was a member of the music society. In 1961,
she and husband Harley moved to Kingston,
ON. Shelagh taught at Bel ville for many years ...
Milton Narod bsc(agr)'4o of West Vancouver on
December 5, 2001 ... Warren L. Godson BA'39,
MA'41 on October 31, 2001.
Howard Adams BA'50
Writer, orator and teacher, Howard Adams was
a Metis whose life's passion was to champion
the rights of aboriginal peoples. In 1999, his
efforts were recognized with the National
Aboriginal Achievement Award. Howard died
last September on his 8otn birthday.
Howard was born into a Metis community
in St. Louis,
Saskatchewan, where
his family struggled to
feed themselves. He
joined the RCMP after
high school, but left
after just four years
service and took an arts
degree at UBC instead,
graduating in 1950.
He went on to earn a
teaching certificate and
worked as a counsellor, then high school teacher.
In 1962, he studied history at UC Berkeley,
where he became interested in the work of
Malcolm X and other black activists. Later, he
became a leader of Red Power, the Canadian
version of the American Indian Movement,
and between 1968 and 1970 was president of
the Metis Society of Saskatchewan. In 1990 he
was elected to the Manitoba legislature, where
he fought successfully against the Meech Lake
Howard lectured in Native-American History
at the University of California until retiring to
Vancouver in 1987. His books include Prison of
Grass (1975) and A Tortured People (1987). He
liked visiting the University of Saskatchewan's
Native Studies department, sometimes teaching a
summer class in Metis history, and was an easily
recognizable campus figure in his well-worn
buckskin jacket. Howard loved to teach. The
greatest gift he could give aboriginal students
was a sense of pride in their origins and culture.
J.R Collins BASc'52
Jim passed away
peacefully at
Vancouver General
Hospital after a
protracted battle
with cancer. He was
born in Saskatoon on
December 13, 1926,
and received his early
education there before
leaving with his family for Burnaby, where he
attended high school.
During the Second World War, Jim worked
as a hand faller in the forest industry, later
graduating from UBC with a degree in Forestry
Engineering. In subsequent years, he secured
his status as a professional forester (rpf)
and professional engineer (p.eng). He spent
most of his career in consultancy, first with
T&H Engineering & Forestry Ltd., then as
a founding principal with Bert Reid (Reid,
Collins & Associates Ltd., Vancouver). This
latter company developed into a world leader
in the forestry consulting field and Jim served
for 20 years as President and CEO before semi-
retirement in the early 1980s. Among his many
endeavours, Jim received most recognition
for his work in forest, timber and land
evaluation and for his contribution towards
woodlot licence legislation during the Pearse
Commission in 1976.
He was an avid golfer and a long-time
member of Shaughnessy Golf and Country
Club, which honoured him with a life
membership, a commemorative plaque and a
memorial tree in recognition of his work on the
course and grounds — especially the trees. He
will be greatly missed by his widow, Kaye, his
family, and his many friends and colleagues.
Bruce F. Foster ba'88
On November 28, 2001, Bruce died suddenly
from a brain hemorrhage at age 3 5. He had
been living and working in Japan since 1988.
For five and a half years he taught English at
a private school in Yokkaichi, incorporating
human rights issues into his lessons. He
leaves behind wife Rumika and two-year-
old daughter Ayami in Japan, father Stephen
in Holland (formerly in the UBC faculty of
Education), sister Susan in Nelson and mother
Ann in Vancouver. Donations to honour
Bruce's memory may be made to Amnesty
William Arthur Gobbett BED'65
Bill was born in 1933 to Alice (Comfort) and
John William Herbert Gobbett and received his
early schooling in Creston, attending Victoria
Normal School from after grade 13.
After graduating from UBC, William taught
in Surrey for three years and in Smithers for
two, where he met Erna Mueller, also a teacher.
They were married in Abbotsford in 1959 and
had three children: Brian, Cheryl and Geoff. Bill
continued to teach in North Vancouver for seven
years until 1966 when he accepted a position
in the Grand Forks Secondary School, where he
stayed for 24 years.
Bill had many hobbies and interests. As a
youngster he became interested in politics,
photography, fishing and hunting, spending many
hours roaming the Creston Valley with his father,
and later his sons. After his arrival in Grand
Forks, Bill soon became involved in community
affairs. He taught special photography classes
and helped establish the Lupine Awards. His
knowledge of politics secured him the job of
returning officer for the City and School District.
His love of photography and art got him on
the committees of the Grand Forks Area Arts
Council. As secretary of the Arts Council he was
instrumental in helping purchase the community
grand piano in 1991.
After retirement, he was active as a
photographer and produced three shows for
the gallery: The Iris Project, Stone and Shadow
(with the help of Gailo Russell) and Darkness in
the Light of Day. His interest was in black and
white photography and he developed his own
photographs. Bill died in his home in Grand Forks
on September 8, 2001, aged 67. He will be greatly
missed by his family and the community.
Edna Irene Hemsworth (Palmer) BA'32, MA'33
Edna was born on August 24, 1909, in Bristol,
England, and moved to Burnaby at the age of
two. She is predeceased by son David in i960 and
husband Edward (Ted) in 1971. Ted worked in
the department of Mining and Metallurgy at UBC
until around 1961. Irene
is survived by son Alan
Edward Hemsworth and
daughters Rosalie Barrie
Calverley BED'65 and
Cherrie Irene Hemsworth
BA'72, grand daughters
Wiona, Montgomery and
Lisa Calverley, and great
grandsons Arthur and
Spring 2002   Trek   41 >  IN  MEMORIAM
Irene worked at Western Chemicals until 1942
when she started raising a family. In the 1960s,
she started working in the Chemical Engineering
department at UBC and stayed there until
retirement. She taught secondary school and adult
bible studies at St. Nicholas Anglican Church for
many years. She enjoyed nature and gardening.
John Ross Hind BA'39
John Ross Hind was born July 30, 1914, in
Toronto and died peacefully in Victoria on
November 4, 2001, aged 87. He is predeceased
by his parents and his first wife, Audrey. He
leaves wife Lisa, sons Charles, Christopher and
Roger, brother Ian, sister Ruth, and many nieces,
nephews and grandchildren.
During the war he served in the RCN to
the rank of Lt. Commander (Atlantic) and
afterwards assisted other naval personnel in their
readjustment to civilian life. Later on, he returned
to the teaching profession, receiving a bpaed
from the University of
Toronto in 1947.
In 1955, he moved
to Victoria and
served as assistant
registrar, Ministry of
Education, and by
1963, he was director
of correspondence
education. He was
made first life member
of the Department
of Education's
Correspondence School Association, of which he
was president in 1975. He was also involved in
starting the Open Learning Agency of BC. John
enjoyed his connections with Christ Church
Cathedral, the Canadian Red Cross (youth
chairman and regional vice-president, bc), The
Health Centre for Children (director), and the
universities of Victoria, Toronto and British
Columbia. He had a keen interest in antiquities
and classical history.
Wallace Leung Bivius'92
The talented and passionate conductor of the
Prince George Symphony Orchestra, Wallace
Leung, died of viral encephalitis while visiting his
fiancee in New York this January. The 3 3 -year
old was touted by friends and admirers as a rising
star,  who put much time and energy into sharing
his love of music with the community. He had an
extremely positive influence on the local music
scene and his reputation was beginning to grow
abroad. He is remembered as a generous man,
who strived to produce the best possible musical
performances, and to nurture a love of music
in others.
Wallace was instigator of many music
projects. While at UBC, he and a violinist friend
formed their own small classical orchestra
called Wallace and Paul's Excellent Orchestra.
Along with student colleagues, he also initiated
The Little Chamber Music Series That Could,
which, more than a decade later, is still going
strong in the Vancouver East Cultural Centre,
and founded the Canada West Chamber
Orchestra (sadly, no longer in existence).
The Helicon Ensemble, with a contemporary
repertoire, was another group Wallace created.
Not only did he put his full support behind
the promotion of live music and the work
of Canadian composers, he also encouraged
appreciation of music in others. In an effort to
make music more accessible, he worked with
Vancouver Community College in designing
concerts for local schools. His connections with
the Delta Youth Orchestra included playing and
conducting. He also directed the Vancouver
Philharmonic, an amateur local orchestra,
which covered a very broad repertoire, and the
Fraser Valley Symphony. A year ago, he became
conductor of the Prince George Symphony
Orchestra and his enthusiasm and artistry
helped bring that organization to new heights.
Wallace Leung possessed boundless energy
and never shied away from getting involved.
The Richmond Gateway Theatre, for which he
was musical director, has set up a scholarship
fund and is planning to stage a number of
concerts in his memory. The Prince George
Symphony Orchestra is also setting up a fund
in his name, which will be used for music
education in local schools.
Karen Elaine McKee (Salisbury) bcom'82
Karen died at her home on December 14, 2001,
after a courageous battle with cancer. She is
survived by husband Brent and sons Scott, nine,
and Kelly, six.
After graduating UBC, Karen articled with
Collins Barrow Chartered Accountants in
Vancouver, then for Collins Manufacturing,
White Spot and Interfor on the Sunshine Coast.
Later, she returned to public practice as a sole
practitioner in Half Moon Bay.
Karen loved working in the community.
She was treasurer at the pre-school and
Women's Resource Centre, a board member
of the Half Moon Community School and
was instrumental in setting up the Women's
Breast Cancer Support group in Sechelt. Karen
loved to travel and camp as well as hang out
in the garden. She
was born in Burnaby
and lived there most
of her life until 1994,
when she decided on
the Sunshine Coast as
the place to raise her
children. Karen will
be sadly missed by all
who knew her.
Bruce Arnold Robinson
BASc'36, MBA'63
Bruce died last fall, aged 89. He was born in
Vancouver to the late Edgar and Christine
(Jensen) Robinson. After an outstanding career in
engineering, he moved to Nova Scotia to accept a
teaching position at Acadia University, where he
was a professor in the school of Business.
He was a member of the St. Andrew's United
Church, Wolfville. He is survived by wife Ingrid
(Moellerkame), son Bruce (Robb) and daughter
Caroline. Memorial donations can be sent to the
school of Business, Acadia University.
Arthur Goldberg BA'48
Arthur was born in Vancouver on January 26,
1926. His grandparents moved to Vancouver in
1897 and established a store on Hastings Street
to service the Gold Rush.
He graduated from Magee, then went to UBC.
After graduation he entered the first intake of the
UBC Law School, but left to join the Israeli army.
At UBC, he was an active Zionist and became
president of the Jewish Menorah Club.
After the successful creation of Israel, Arthur
stayed on to help build the new state. He met
and married Leumith Levy, with whom he had
three children. In Israel, Arthur became a pioneer
in tourism and is credited with being one of the
most influential developers of the industry. He
operated the first rental car business, established
a tour bus operation, and organized tours for
Jewish and Christian groups from around the
Restless after he retired, he formed another
company, which
worked closely with
the Canadian embassy,
escorting visiting
dignitaries and tourists
around Israel. He died
on July 29, 2001, after
a battle with cancer.
42   Trek   Spring 2002 UB(J The Benefits of
Membership . . . Win2
The benefits don't stop with graduation
UBC grads organized this alumni association 85 years ago as a way to stay in
touch with friends and with the university. We've developed many programs
and services over the years to help the process, and we're proud of what we
do. Because we have nearly 150,000 members, we can offer group discounts
on services and save you money. At the same time, you'll be supporting
programs offered by your Alumni Association. WinJ!
Buy an Alumni A"rd and keep using the library!
With your Alumni A"'", you will receive a community
use UBC Library card at no cost. That's a $100 saving.
And get other great on-campus benefits like discounts
to the Bird Coop, the MOA and USC Interchange, as
well as savings on car rentals, hotels and other services.
The Alumni A""1 $30 per year (plus GST).
Get framed at Convocation!
Frame your degree and let the world know about your success. Buy
your degree frame and an A"'" during Spring Convocation Week
{May 22-29), and you will receive a free 8x10 photo frame from
Significant Impact, our frame supplier. Visit our onsite tent.
Buy right, get benefits.
We find affinity partners who will give you great services at great prices:
ManuLife: Our life insurance program is    fff\ A x t«r  .«« •   i
designed with you in mind. UU Manulife Financial
MBNA: The MasterCard that keeps on giving.
Attractive interest rates and great features.
Meloche Monnex: Home insurance with
preferred group rates and features designed
for our grads.
Be seen in the right clothes!
Alumni schmatte at its very best. You went to a cool school. Why not show it
with goifshirts, balkaps, vests and sweats, and accessories like travel mugs,
thermoses and umbrellas. To see our full selection, visit our website.
Meloche Monnex
For more information about alumni services and benefits,
or to purchase an Alumni A"'J, please contact our offices
Phone: 604.822.9629 or 800.883.3088
E-mail: market@alumni.ubc.ca
www.a I umni. ubc.ca
2002 Travel Lineup
Our deluxe 2002 travel lineup
opens the world to you.
Many of these trips have an
educational focus, with talks and
walks led by local experts.
The Bay of Naples, Sorrento, Italy
Dutch and Belgian Waterways
May 3-15
A springtime cruise featuring Floriade,
a once-a-decade floral extravaganza.
Ennis, Ireland
June 12-20
Live as the Irish live. Educational focus
on history, music, dance and culture.
Journey of the Czars
July 23-August 5    SOLD OUT
Russia by river. Cruise from St.
Petersburg to Moscow.
Chianti, Italy
August 4-12
Stay in a Tuscan villa and immerse
yourself in local history and culture.
Sorrento, Italy
September 9-17
Explore the Bay of Naples, the Amalfi
Coast and the Isle of Capri.
China and the Yangtze River
October 18-November 1
Walk the Great Wall, cruise the
Yangtze, visit Tiananmen Square,
Hong Kong and Shanghai.
Costa Rica and the Panama Canal
November 27-December 5
Explore the natural splendour ofthe
tropics and cruise the Panama Canal.
For more information call
toll free 800,883.3088
or visit our website
Spring 2002   Trek   43 ALUMNI       :WS
Friday, October 4, 2002
Murder Mystery Night at Cecil Green Park House. $20 per person includes a
dessert buffet, cash bar and prizes.
Saturday, October 5, 2002
Alumni Reunion Weekend Kick-Off. Pancake breakfast at Cecil Green Park House.
Registration, entertainment and President's welcome
Green College Luncheon with special guest speaker. For alumni and friends. This
event always sells out, so reserve soon. Tickets are $20 per person. Both Saturday
events require reservations. Please call  604.822.3313 or aluminfo@ubc.ca
October 5
Agr mid-'90s
ApSci '52
October 4-5
Arts '52
October 5
Dean luncheon
October 5
Dean luncheon
CivEng '52
October 5
MechEng '57
October 5
Nursing al
October 5
Bot. Garden
St. John's College
October 5
The College
Reunions aren't confined to reunion weekend in October. The Alumni Association
helps to plan and coordinate get-togethers year round
Alpha Gamma Beta
May 2 tbc
ApSci '62
October 7
ApSci 72
October 9
Arch 72-'82
May 29
CompSci/Math 72
Spring tbc
Delta Zeta Chapter of
Alpha Gamma
May 5
Arb. Club
Brunch (RSVP)
Dentistry 72
June 1
Sutton PI. Hotel
Tooth Fairy Gala
June 7-9
For '52 and ForEng
May 14-16
Recep and Dinner
Forestry '62
Forestry '82
July 12-14
Lac La Jeune
Geology '82-'85
June 1-3
Okanagan Retreat
Home Ec '52
May 6
Law '92
Medicine '54
June 18-20
Tour and Dinner
Medicine '62
Sept 20-22
Medicine '67
Hong Kong
Nursing '92
Nursing '93
Pharmacy 72
May 25
Univ. Centre
Buffet Dinner
Pharmacy '82
July 5-7
Pharmacy '92
Rehab. Sciences '69
June 21-23
October 3
Robson Square
July 20
Upcoming Branch Events
May I - London, England
Join President Martha Piper for a UBC update. Special guest: Linda
Campbell CA'95, Director of Finance, eBay UK. Canada House.
June 19 - Los Angeles
Martha Piper hosts a reception for alumni and friends. Official
Residence of the Consul General.
June 20 - San Jose
Martha Piper hosts a reception for alumni and the Canadian
community. Fairmont Hotel.
July & August
Student send-offs - Victoria, Calgary, Ottawa, Toronto, Hong
The Toronto and Hong Kong branches have regular monthly
events. Check out the UBC Alumni Association website for details
of these and other branch activities at www.alumni.ubc.ca.
Want to get connected with grads in your area? Contact Janis
Connolly at janisc@alumni.ubc.ca.
New Website in India
Visit www27.brinkster.com/ubcindia for information on UBC
events in India.
Become a Mentor!
Remember searching for your first job after grad? We hold
mentoring events throughout the year. If you can spare a few
hours, sit on a panel or join us for a networking lunch and share
your post graduation experiences with current UBC students,
contact Tanya Walker at 604.822.8643 or twalker@alumni.ubc.ca.
Young Alumni
Young alumni (grads from the last 10 years or so) hold social
and professional events in Vancouver. UBC Networking Nights
happen quarterly (May, July, October and January) at Legends
Grill and Tap Room at 602 Dusnmuir Street. Our next event is
on Thursday, May 30th anytime after 5:30 pm. Check the UBC
website for more information on other Young Alumni. To join our
e-mail distribution list contact Tanya Walker at 604.822.8643 or
For more information or to plan your own class reunion, contact Jane Merling at
604.82.2..8918, toll free 800.883.3088 or merling@alumni.ubc.ca
44   Trek   Spring 2002 BOARD OF DIRECTORS 2002 - 2003
Greg Clark, bcom'86, LLB'89
General Counsel, Academex Systems
Senior Vice President
Jane Hungerford, BED'67
Past Chair, BC Cancer Foundation
Tammie Mark, bcom'88
Senior Consultant, Westech
nformation Systems
Members at Large
2000 - 2002
John Grunau, BA'67
Darlene Marzari, msw'68
Former MLA, business owner
Colin Smith, BASc'65
CFO, Rapid Transit Projects, Ltd.
2001 - 2003
David Elliott, BCOM'69
Chartered Accountant
Martin Ertl, bsc'93
Managing Director, Navarik
Billy Wan, BCOM'82
CFO Venturex Global Investment
Greg Clark
Jane Hungerford
Johm Grunau
Darlene Marzari
Colin Smith
Martin Ertl
illy Wan
Spring 2002   Trek  45 > ALUMNI NEWS
Trekkers, 2001 The original Great Trekkers
might find it odd, but UBC has moved back
downtown. To mark the occasion of the
opening of UBC's Robson Square campus, rhe
Association organized "The Next Trek," a
march from Cecil Green Park to the new digs
ou November 30, 2001.
Led by Martha Piper (right of sign, in
yellow) and Association President Greg Clark
(waving, left of sign) new Trekkers braved
Walter Gage Fund honours
the "Dean of Everything"
Walter Gage was president of UBC from
1969-1^75. He impressed students with liis
superior teaching, his ability to remember
names throughout the years and his legendary-
helping hand. He served many areas of the
university and was known fondly as the
"Dean of Everything."
The Walter Gage Fund was established to
provide financial support for student projects
on campus, and is administered by a
committee made up of staff, students, faculty
and alumni. Ihe committee has funded
projects from the "Let's Talk Science"
program, UBC Dance Club, LIBC Concrete
Toboggan Design Team, ams Bike Coop, First
Nations Law Student Assoc, and dozens more
over the years.
This year, the committee gave out more
brutal weather and showed that UBC people
still have what it takes to lead the way. The
new campus offers programs from Continuing
Studies, Commerce and the Women's Resource
Centre, and services from the Library, tin1
Bookstore and, of course, the Alumni
Association. Visit the    -jiii 17 |
campus downtown or  1
on-line at www.robson
than $36,000 to
projects. Funding
comes from an
endowment, from
donations and from
other sources such the
Annual Faculty and
Staff Golf
Tournament which
has donated $4,000
for the past two
Alumna Jo
Hinchliffe BA'74 has chaired the
committee since 1985 and Byron
Hender bcom'68 has been on the
committee since it formed after Gage's
death in 1979. Congratulations and
thanks to them both for their years of
service to the Association and to
Why are these people laughing?
They're signing a deal between the Alumni
Association and Meloche Monnex to provide
home insurance to our members. Meloche
Monnex is the largest company of its type
serving the university market, and offers
preferred group rates and great service.
Doing business are (standing, clockwise) Chr
Daniel, current Chairman, Affinity Marketing
Group for Meloche Monnex; Tammie Mark,
Alumni Association Treasurer; jMember-at-Larg
Martin Ertl; Agnes Papke, Executive Director
and Raymond Decarie, retired Chairman,
Affinity Marketing, Meloche Monnex.
The annual dinner is a hot social ticket, so buy yours
early. The dinner is generously supported by our
affinity partners, mbna, Meloche Monnex, and
Manulife. Call 604.812.3313 for ticket information.
Fairmont Waterfront Centre
Thursday, November 11, 2002
46   Trek   Spring 2002 ELECTIONS 2002
Chancellor and Convocation Senators
In response to the 2001 call for nominations, UBC has received nominations
for Chancellor (1 position) and for Alumni Senators (11 positions). As a
UBC Alumnus, Senator or full-time Faculty member, you are entitled to vote
in these elections which will be held from March 1, 2002 to May 10, 2002.
Candidate information is available at students.ubc.ca/elections
or click on
the elections icon
at www.ubc.ca
Voting Instructions —Online and Paper Ballot
You may cast your vote by using the internet-based WebVote or by
submitting a paper ballot to the elections office.
Cast Your Vote Online
As an Alumni voter, your User ID is your UBC student number and your
graduation year is your password. If you graduated from UBC more than
once, enter your most recent graduation year.
If you need your UBC student number, it is printed on the mailing label for
Trek magazine; otherwise, you may call Enrolment Services at
604.822.2844 weekdays from 8:00 am to 4:00 pm (Tuesday 9:30 am to
4:00 pm) to obtain your number.
Cast Your Vote by Mail
A paper ballot is included in this edition of Trek or is available by
Eric Smith telephone 604.822.9952, fax 604.822.5945,
email eric.smith@ubc.ca or
Sltkkhuan Lum telephone 604.822.6202, fax 604.822.8856
email sukkhuan.lum@ubc.ca
Paper ballots must be returned to the elections office by mail, courier or fax
no later than May 10th, 2002, 4:00 pm Pacific Time.
Results will be announced after May 15, 2002.
Your Vote Does More
By casting an online or paper
ballot, you elect the individuals
who will represent your voice at
And you may be a winner too!
Your vote automatically enters
your name into our prize draw.
Look on the website for details of
our sponsors and prizes.
Enrolment Services
Spring 2002   Trek   47 Ffil^MJ 1
Dr. Bikkae Singh Lalli-Surrey, BC.
B.A. (Honors) (Punjab,1948), M.A. (Punjab,
1949), Ph.D. (British Columbia, 196b)
Retired Professor of Mathematics and
Statistics, University of Saskatchewan, 1995.
Offices Held
Chair, Promotion and Tenure Appeal Panel,
University of Saskatchewan Saskatoon; Member,
Executive Committee of the University Council;
Member, University Review Committee; Member:
Nominations Committee, Scholarship Committee,
and President's Committee for Special Merit
increases and received several merit increases,
and other university and College of Arts and
Science committees; Chair, Nomination
Committee of College of Arts and Science.
Expertise in the area of "Analysis"; Over 150
published, research articles in national and
international scholarly journals.
Professional/Business Interests
Visiting Scholar at: Academia Sinica (Taipei,
Taiwan, 1938 and 1993); University of
Petroleum and Minerals Dahran (Saudi Arabia,
1989); Flinders University (Adelaide, 1990),
Punjab University, Chandigarh, Punjab (India,
Presentations at National & International
Conferences: Szeged (Hungary, 1993); Dundee
Scotland, 1984); Brussels (1973); Meeting of
Indian Science Council, Mysore, (1982); World
Congress of Mathematicians, Zurich (1994);
Barcelona (Spain, 1991), Conference on differential Equations, Columbus (Ohio, 1988);
Budapest (Hungary, 1985); Democritus Univ. of
Thrace, Greece (1987); University of Texas Pan
American, (1990), Equadiff 1985, Brno
(Czechoslovakia); Equadiff 1992, Barcelona
Research Supervision and Research Grants:
successful supervision of a number of M.Sc. and
Ph.D. theses; external expert at various thesis
defenses; research referee for international
journals, and reviewer for American
Mathematical Society.
Grants received: NSERC (1968 to 1995), and
University of Saskatchewan, President's
Research Fund.
Convocation Senator, University of British
Columbia, and member of three committees of
the Senate (Academic Policy Committee,
Curriculum Committee and Appeal Committee
on Academic Standing).
Member, Board of Directors, Kwantlen
University College Foundation.
Volunteer, Coalition to Eliminate Abuse of
Seniors (BC CEAS)
Volunteer work with Indo-Canadian youth, and
The Surrey/Delta Indo-Canadian Seniors Society.
UBC is one of the best educational institutions
in the world with an outstanding faculty and a
reputation for quality research. I fully endorse
the guiding principles in Trek 2000 regarding
people, learning, research, community, and internationalization. A university that is committed to
creating an "equitable environment that celebrates diversity, respects difference, and ensures
that all may achieve their highest potential",
that acknowledges accountability to its community and welcomes global thinking and international linkages in scholarship and research, is
the university I attended as a graduate student
and served as a Convocation Senator. My 44
years in the academic field have taught me the
values of tolerance and compassion. As we face
the challenges of the 21st century, I would be
honoured to serve as UBC's ambassador.
Ms. Jennie R. Marsh-North
1 came to Canada when I was transferred from
my position as an Executive Assistant at Viyella
Ltd. London, England to their Montreal subsidiary in 1974. Between 1974 and 1989, 1
worked as an Executive Assistant at many prestigious firms in Canada, and during this time, 1
attained my Canadian Securities Course certificate. My last Executive Assistant position
reported to the Senior Managing Partner at
Farris & Co.
In 1989, my husband, Mike Haines, and I started Haines Computer Consulting Ltd. For the
following ten years, our company grew and 1
managed administration, accounting and personnel. Mike Haines' technical initiation was at
TRIUMF, from 1996-1999. He was the inventor
of automated productivity software for the legal
industry which was ultimately purchased by West
Group, a U.S. information technology
conglomerate. Presently, 1 am a part-time
student at Capilano College and have successfully completed several art history and drawing
courses with a long-term goal of completing a
Bachelor of Arts.
In terms of professional and business interests, I
am actively involved in the West Vancouver
Avalon Women's Centre (a privately funded
organization) for women in recovery from substance abuse. I recently had an art exhibition at
a restaurant in Edgemonl Village In North
Vancouver, not only as an Avalon fund-raiser, but
also to increase public awareness of the Centre.
My current exhibitions at a retail store in West
Vancouver and a restaurant on Broadway in
Vancouver are for the same purpose.
I appeared on the Vicki Gabereau Show last year
to talk about the Avalon Women's Centres and,
as a result several women have come to the
Centres where their lives changed dramatically
as they began their recovery. I am an active
member of West Vancouver Baptist Church, both
as a Worship Team Leader and as an initiator of
events that nurture and encourage women from
both inside and outside the church.
I am honoured to be included as a nominee for
Chancellor of UBC. Although I do not have a
conventional academic background, I bring a
fresh enthusiasm and passion for lifelong learning to the position. September 11th will go down
in history as one of the world's worst events. In
horrific circumstances, we were reminded of the
Intolerance between different cultures. There is
an amazing opportunity for students lo not only
learn academically, but also to look for
similarities and to celebrate the differences of
race, culture and faith. As a student, and a
Christian, I believe there is enormous potential
48   Trek   Spring 2002 for the university to offer a bridge among
cultures, a place to share the experience of
learning, to re-assess our values, and to
increase our depth of knowledge, wisdom and
Mr. Allan McEachern —
UBC, Arts,'49, LL.B. ^O; Honorary Doctor
of Laws Degree UBC June 1990
Offices Held
Chief Justice, Supreme Court of BC, January
1, 1979-September 7, 1988
Chief Justice, Court of Appeal for BC;
September 8, 1988- Retired as Chief Justice,
Court of Appeal For B.-May 20th, 2001.
Douglas McK. Brown Professor in Law, UBC
for 2001-2001 academic year: Distinguished
Fellow, Peter J. Wall Institute for Advanced
Learning, (2001-2003).
Before being approached about standing for
election as Chancellor of the University of
British Columbia, I had no thought of seeking that position. Having retired from the
Bench and keeping busy as Chairman of an
arbitration board amending compensation for
medical doctors of the province, I thought I
had enough to keep myself occupied for several months. At the same time, I had considered how ! could contribute to the University
that gave me so much.The University gave
me the opportunity to practice law for 28
years and to serve as Chief Justice for 22
years. Mone of that would have been possible
without my precious degrees of B.A. and
LL.B, supplemented in 1990 by an
Honourary Doctor of Law degree. I became
a Fellow of the Peter Wall Institute and
Douglas Brown Professor in Law at UBC in
order to give something back to the
University and the community. As Chancellor,
I would make a larger contribution to the
University at large. Having worked with
many young graduates over the years, I am
enormously impressed with the quality of the
education furnished by UBC.The chance to
be involved with such a magnificent institution and its students makes the opportunity
irresistible. I am proud to offer myself for
the office of Chancellor of the University of
British Columbia,
Robert R.Affleck
B.A.Sc. in Chemical Engineering (UBC), 1955
Diploma of Business Administration (London
School of Economics), 1957
Diploma, Management Training Program
(University of Western Ontario), 1975
Retired from operations management, environmental protection, administration and consulting
engineering in the pulp and paper industry.
Offices Held
UBC Liaison Representative, Powell River and
Prince George, BC
School Trustee, School District 57, Prince
George, 1970-74
Member and Chairman of the Board of the
College of New Caledonia, 1974-76
Member, UBC Alumni Association executive,
Member of Dean's Advisory Committee, Faculty
of Applied Science, UBC, 1998-2000
Member UBC Senate, 1999-2002, member
Senate Budget Committee
Professional/Business Interests
Council member, Association of Professional
Engineers and Geoscientists of British Columbia
(APEGBC), President of the Association in
1991; continue to serve on APEGBC committees. Awarded the R.A. MacLachlan Award from
the APEGBC (1979) for contributions to the
and community.
Served as a Director of B.C. Chemicals, B.C.
Research and Forintek Canada, and as a member
of various committees of the Canadian Pulp and
Paper Association, the Pulp and Paper Research
Institute of Canada and the Council of Forest
_. Industries of BC.
Throughout my career I have maintained a
strong interest in education, because I believe
investment in education is the best choice
anyone can make. In these times of intense
competition for public funds, we must not lose
sight of education's value to British Columbia,
and forcefully strive to support our
educational institutions.
Government support for education has been
improving in recent years, thanks not only to
wise allocation of resources but also to persuasive arguments put forward by university administrators, particularly those at UBC. If elected, J
will continue to support initiatives to maintain
programs, add welt thought out new programs,
and provide resources for expanded enrolment
at UBC.
From my industrial background, I am conscious
of the need to provide services in an efficient,
cost-effective manner. Generally, I believe that
competition makes us better. On occasion 1 have
found educational institutions, which are in an
essentially non-competitive situation, can lose
sight of how to use resources in a cost-efficient
manner. If elected I will endeavor to provide
useful advice in this regard.
Patrick T. Brady
B.Ed. (Secondary) (UBC), 1966
Offices Held
Member and Executive Member, Totem Park
Residences, UBC, 1964-66; Adjutant, UBC
Officer Training Corps, 1964-66; Commanding
Officer #2618 Rocky Mountain Rangers Cadet
Corps and Rocky Mountain Rangers Militia
Company 1967-76; Commissioner, Prince
George Recreation Commission, 1985-89;
Director, Fraser-fort George Regional District,
1987-89; Alderman, City of Prince George,
1985-89; Member, Interior University Society,
1987-89; Director, Fraser-Fort George Regional
Museum, 1987-89; Executive Member, Royal
Canadian Legion (Aldergrove).
Professional Interests
President, BC Teachers' Federation, 1977-79;
Deputy Minister of Education Advisory
Committee (BC) 1977-80; Director, Canadian
Teachers' Federation, 1978-83; President,
Canadian Teachers' Federation, 1981-82; Chair,
CTF International Development Trust Fund,
1982-83; Canadian Delegate to the World
Confederation of the Organizations of the
Teaching Profession, Lagos (1977), Jakarta
(1978), Brasilia (1980) and Montreaux (1982);
Member, Canadian National Committee for the
"Hilroy Awards", 1979-82; Canadian teachers'
Spring 2002   Trek   49 representative, International Assistance, 1981
and 1983 (Morges, Switzerland); Chair,
Canadian delegation to the International
Labour Organization (Geneva), 1982; Member,
W.R. Long Internationa! Development
Committee, B.C.I.F., 1982-88; Resource person,
S.E. Asia Teachers' Conference, Kuala Lumpur,
Malaysia, 1983; President, Prince George
District Teachers' Association, 1984-86.
Convocation Senator, UBC, 1993-2002;
Member, UBC Senate committees on "Teaching
Evaluation" "Continuing Education" and "Post-
Secondary Liaison".
My experiences prior to becoming a member of
the UBC Senate enabled me to participate
actively in the affairs of the University at the
outset of my first term. I am prepared to continue that service to the University, its students,
and my fellow graduates for an additional term.
Ed Greathed
B.A. [Combined Honours) (UBC), 1958; Master
of International Affairs (Columbia), 1960.
Retired Public Servant.
Offices Held
Ed Greathed was elected as a Convocation
Senator for the first time three years ago.
D'jring that line, he served for one year on the
Alumni Association's Board of Directors in a
liaison capacity. He is a regular contributor to
the plenary sessions of the University's Senate,
and to the Curriculum Committee and Student
Awards Committee.
His career spanned several areas of activity.
National Secretary of the Canadian Institute of
International Affairs in Toronto; teaching at St.
Francis Xavier University and also studying
while teaching at the University ofToronto; and,
principally, a public servant for over 25 years in
Ontario where he specialized in Intergovernmental affairs for several ministries. He received
awards for his work with the Ontario team that
contributed to the eventual patriation of the
Canadian Constitution. He took early retirement
in 1997, and returned to his hometown of
Vancouver, where he currently resides. In his so-
called retirement, Ed is fully engaged with
UBC's Senate, a reader for talking books at the
University's Crane Resource Centre; and as the
Rector's Warden of St. Helen's Anglican Church
in Point Grey.
He laughs as much as he can, reads too many
mysteries, travels far too infrequently; and does
no known damage to Canada's security by being
a member of the Naval Officers Association of
British Columbia.
Ed is a widower, father of two adults —Dan and
Lara-and grandfather of two children, Matthew
and Sarah.
For nearly 40 years after my graduation from
UBC, I raised my family and had my career outside British Columbia.
Save for occasional welcome reminders, my
alma mater seemed, and was, far away. That is
not an uncommon experience, but when 1 came
home to reside within sight of "The Gates",
becoming involved in the life of the UBC
was natural.
My first term on the Senate has been mainly to
work as a member of the Curriculum Committee
and the Student Awards Committee. As the
Senate is principally composed of faculty, it has
given me an insight into their diligence
and dedication.
Talking with faculty and administrators during
the past three years and participating in discussions that enable the education of students have
given me an appreciation of the relevance of an
outside voice.
I seek a second term as Convocation Senator
for that reason as well as, for me, the work is a
rewarding pay-back contribution.
Sean Haffey
B.A. (International Relations), 1990, UBC;
M.A. (Political Science), 1991, Dalhousie
University; M.B.A., 1998, University of Victoria
Retail Business Analyst, BC Liquor Distribution
Branch (LDB)
Offices Held
UBC, University Senate: Senator-at-Large,
1988-1989; Dalhousie University, University
Senate: Graduate Student Senator, 1990-1991;
Dalhousie University, Association of Graduate
Students: Council Member, 1990-1991;
Dalhousie University, Student Union: Council
Member, 1990-1991; UVic, University Senate:
Graduate Student Senator, 1996-1998; Phi
Delta Theta Fraternity: UBC Chapter Advisory
Board, 1998-Present; Australian Wine
Appreciation Society of Vancouver: Membership
Director, 1998-Present; Phi Delta Theta
Fraternity: Vancouver Alumni Club Exploratory
Group, 2001-Present.
Other Professional/Business Interests
I am currently developing my own wine advice,
consulting, and education business-
I'm interested in being a Convocation Senator
because I want to give something back to the
UBC community. It may sound cliched, but it's
true. I'm certainly not doing this for the pay
(none), the perks (none), or the prestige
(again, none)!
I want to help UBC provide the best possible
university education and offer my experiences
as a businessperson, civil servant, and member
of the Senate at UBC, Dalhousie, and UVic. I
know the Senate's mandate, committees, and
some of issues and challenges it faces in trying
to achieve the best outcome for the UBC community. I try to listen when it's needed and I
know that I don't know all the answers.
Now you know a bit about why I want to be a
Convocation Senator and some of what I offer.
Who you choose to vote for is your decision, but
please do vote.
Dr. Stanley B. Knight
B.Ed., (62), M.Ed., (67), Ph.D., (71)
International Education and Training Consultant
and Designer of Online Education Programs.
Offices Held
UBC Convocation Senator: nine years with
service on the Curriculum, Admissions and
Academic Policy Committees. Elected Vice-
Chair of Senate ('96-'98). Chaired the Health
Sciences Curriculum Committee for six years.
UBC Alumni Association-4 years, Executive
Committee, Branches Chair. MOSAIC-past
President and Vancouver Refugee Council-
past President.
Currently an International Adjunct Faculty
Member, University of Southern Queensland,
designing and teaching Graduate level courses
in "Online Education and Globalization" and
"International Development." He is a former
Assistant Deputy Chairperson of the
Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada. As
an administrator and builder of organisations
he has over thirty years of experience in education, business and government service in
Canada, the USA, Australia and Hong Kong. His
accomplishments include positions as a teacher
and administrator at all levels in the educational enterprise and numerous citations for community service and leadership in multicultural
education. Dr. Knight's institutional and
50   Trek   Spring 2002 community work has included: the development
of traditional education programs, technical
training, aboriginal people's teacher education,
and cultural orientation and career preparation
programs for immigrants and refugees. Student
Days : Big Block Club-Football and Rugby.
Dr. Bikkar Singh Lalli (see chancellor)
Dr. Lalli is running for Chancellor and
Senator concurrently.
Bob Lowe
Graduate, Provincial Normal School, 1955,
B.A., UBC, 1965, M.A., S.F.U., 1969
Retired as VP, Kwantlen University College
Offices held
President, BC Council for Leadership in
Education, 1985-86
Director, BC Council for Leadership in
Education, 1980-85
Director, Canadian Council of Teachers of
English, 1982-85
5ection Chair, Colleges and Institutes, Lower
Mainland, United Way, 1986
Editor,The Prouty Report, (The Status of
English Teaching in Canada), 1984
Editor, Event-Journal of Contemporary Arts,
Professional and Personal interests
Historical Research-Bridge River Valley
Aboriginal issues related to Language
and Culture
Member, Burnaby Historial Society
Prospecting (hold a Free Miner's license)
Awarded Vice-President Emeritus, Spring
Convocation, May 25, 2000
Activities since retirement (1991):
President, Fraser Valley University Society,
Board member, Kekinow Native Educational &
Cultural Society, 1991-1998.
Board member, Kekinow Native Housing
Society, 1991 to present.
Currently secretary-treasurer, chair of
personnel committee.
Convocation senator, UBC, 1992 to present.
Member and vice-chair of student appeals
committee. 1995 to present.
Interim chair, Senate post-secondary
articulation committee, 1992-1997.
President and chair of board, Third Age
Learning at Kwantlen, 2000.
(T.A.L.K.) Board member & Program committee member, T.A.L.K. Associate, Centre for
Research on Literacy, Faculty of Education,
U. of Alberta.
Timothy P. Lo
1995, UBC, LL.B.; 1991, UBC B.Sc, First
Class Honours in Biochemistry
Awards: UBC Chancellor's Entrance
Scholarship, Governor General's Bronze Medal,
BC Provincial Scholarship, Park Royal
Scholarship, North Vancouver Teachers'
Association Scholarship
Barrister & Solicitor / Patent and
Trade-mark Agent
Professional/Business Interests
2000-registered patent agent
1998-registered trade-mark agent
May 1996-admItted to the British Columbia
Bar; UBC Convocation Senator; UBC Faculty of
Law, Adjunct Professor; UBC Alumni
Association Board of Directors; member, Sigma
Tau Chi; Aquatic Centre Management
Committee Chair; Thunderbird Winter Sports
Centre Management Committee; Student
Recreation Centre Development Committee;
Student Union Building Safety Committee
Chair; Alma Mater Society Foundation
President; Joint Adjudication Committee of the
President's, Gage, and Buchanan Funds;
University Athletic Council; Asia Pacific Law
Club Treasurer; Law Students' Legal Advice
Program (Chinatown Clinic); Alma Mater
Society Assistant Director of Finance; Asia
Pacific Law Club Treasurer; United Way
Committee (UBC Student's Branch); Student
Administrative Commission Secretary Elections
Committee Chief Returning Officer; Clerk of
Student Court; Member, Canadian Bar
Association; Associate, Intellectual Property
Institute of Canada; Member, International
Trademark Association.
I have been an active member of the UBC
community for close to 15 years. First as participant in student government, and currently as
a Convocation Senator and adjunct professor in
the Faculty of Law. My experience at UBC has
enriched my life and my continuing involvement
is a way to give back to the university. 1 would
like to continue being involved with UBC and
would be pleased if you would support me in
securing a third term as a UBC
Convocation Senator.
William B. McNulty
B.P.E. (Brit.Col.),1968; M.P.E. (Brit.Col.),
1970; M.A. (Brit. Col.), 1983.
Educator, Magee Secondary School, Vancouver
Offices Held
Member of UBC Senate 1990-2002,
Admissions Committee 1993-1999, Appeals on
Academic Standing 1994-1996, President,
Alumni Association 1986-1987, Alumni
Activities 1984; Chair, Alumni Activities
Advisory Committee, 1983-1984; 1968 Class
Representative, Physical Education Division,
1984-1986; Men's Athletic Representative,
Division Council, 1983-1984; One of three
Division Council Representatives, Board of
Management 1983-1984; Member, Alumni
Executive Committee, 1984-1989; Member,
Executive Committee By-Laws Committee,
1984-1985; Member Executive Committee's
Planning Committee, 1984-1987; Alumni
Liaison, Member Counselling Psychology
Division, 1984-1985; Alumni Liaison, Member
Counselling Psychology Division, 1984-1985;
Alumni Liaison, Member, Special Education
Endowment Fund and Appeal, 1985-1986;
Vice-President, Alumni Association,
1985-1986; Chair, Alumni Activities Council,
1985-1986; Member, Nominating Committee,
UBC Alumni, 1985-1987; Chair, Publication
Board Alumni Association, 1986-1987; Chair,
Chancellor Selection Committee, 1986-1987;
Member, Sherwood Lett Scholarship
Association Executive 1983-1989; Member,
University Athletic Council, 1985-91; Member,
President's Advisory Committee on
Development Policy, 1986-1987; Member,
President's Task Force to Review the Office of
the Registrar, 1987; Chair, University Athletic
Council, 1987-1992; Chair, UBC Alumni Past
Presidents Council,1987-88; Trustee, Wesbrook
Society, 1987-Present; Chair, Branches, Board
of Management, 1988-1989; Member,
President's Task Force to Review UBC Athletics
and Sport Services, 1987; Member, Wesbrook
and Thunderbird Societies 1981-Present;
Pacesetter Volunteer, "World of
Opportunity"-President's Fund Campaign
1989; Member, Senate Extra-Curricular
Activities Committee, 1990; Member, Senate
Committee on University Residences, 1992;
Member, President's Advisory Committee on
University Space Allocations, 1992; Richmond
City Councilor, 1993-2002; President, British
Columbia School Counsellors'Association
Spring 2002   Trek    51 1931-1983; Chairman, UBC Alumni Advisory
Activities Committee, 1983-1984; Member,
Wesbrook Society, UBC, 1982-Present;
Member, Thunderbird Society, UBC,
1982-Present ; Member, Richmond
Municipality Sports Advisory Council,
1983-2002; Member Rotary Club of Richmond
A.M., 1988-Present; Member, Richmond
Chamber of Commerce, 1986-2001; Director,
Canadian Olympic Association, 1980-1987;
Trustee, BC Sports Hall of Fame and Museum,
I am again seeking your support for the position of Convocation Senator. This position plays
an extremely important role in connecting the
Alumni with the University. I bring a balance to
Senate between the University and Business and
Education Communities. I believe I am able to
contribute with a vision of where UBC is headed in the 21st century. As a Senator and an
advocate for students, it is important that all
perspectives are recognized. I am actively
involved in the business community and in the
secondary schools which enables me to bring a
realistic approach towards admissions and
student affairs.
With your support, we can ensure that
University of British Columbia remains one of
the leading institutions in Canada in the areas
of research, technology and academic studies.
James E. Rogers
B.A., University of British Columbia, 1967
M.B.A., Simon Fraser University, 1974
Financial Advisor
Offices Held
Chair-Canadian Association of Insurance &
Financial Advisors (CAIFA);
Chair-Million Dollar Round Table (MDRT)ZTop
of the Table (TOT);
Chair-Vancouver College
Member-St. Paul's Hospital Board;
Member-St. Vincent's Hospital
Foundation Board
Professional/Business Interests
Chair-The Rogers Group Financial Advisors
Ltd., a 48 person Vancouver-based, financial
advisory and investment management firm
founded in 1973.
As one of nine children who graduated from
UBC, I am especially indebted to my
undergraduate alma mater for a most enjoyable
four years on campus. Through my intended
active involvement as a member of the UBC
Senate, I look forward to being able to "give
something back".
Des. R. Verma
B.Sc. ( Hons); M.Sc; M.Ed. (UBC), 1967
Retired from teaching 1987
Professional/Business Interests
Over the years I was associated with the following Professional Organisations.
Member American Association of
Physics Teachers
Charter Member BC Chapter of A.A.P.T.
Member BC Science Teachers Association
Member BC Mathematics Teachers Association
Charter Member Phi Delta Kappa,
Kamloops Chapter
Member UBC Chapter of Phi Delta Kappa
Member Investigation Committee of B.C.T.F.
Member Federation Appeals Board of B.C.T.F.
Member of the Executive of Kamloops District
Teachers Association, K.D.T.A.
Second Vice-President of K.D.T.A
Liaison Chairperson of K.D.T.A.
As a result of my long service to the profession
in Kamloops and BC the Kamloops District
Teachers' Association Honoured me by conferring on me Honorary Life Membership of the
Kamloops District Teachers' Association at the
Annual General Meeting in 1986.
During my tenure with the Appeal Division of
the Immigration and Refugee Board of Canada,
a number of decisions written by me were
reported in the Immigration Law Reporter,
Member of the UBC Senate, as a Convocation
Senator, since January 1993.
After having taught for 35 years across three
continents, and having been involved in various
voluntary organizations, I believe it is through
secular education and secular education alone,
that a caring, concerned, and peaceful society
can be established. This belief of mine has
become more meaningful and vital in the light
of September 11, 2001.
Universities have a very important role to play
in finding long-term solutions to the problems
of terrorism and creating, establishing and
perpetuating attitudes and values in young
people which are conducive to peaceful,
harmonious and plentiful living. Universities
should assist in replacing the culture of fear
with that of hope and love.
University is a place, which by its name Is
supposed to create unity in diversity. Due to
recent happenings, it has become more
important and urgent that universities play
their role in producing students who believe in,
and practice secular and democratic values. The
harmonious blend of academic excellence and
human values  makes an institute unique. I
would like to see UBC offer a course in Human
Values as a pre-requisite to graduation, as
English 200 used to be.
Dr. Ronald A. Yaworsky, Ph.D,
B.A.Sc. (Windsor), 1977; M.Eng. (UBC), 1984;
Ph.D. (UBC), 1994
Partner, David Nairne + Associates Ltd.
Offices Held
Member, UBC Senate, 1983-1987 &
1996-2002; Chair, Senate Convocation Caucus
1996-2002; Chair, Senate Procedures and
Rules Committee, 1985-86; Member, Senate
Budget Committee, 1986-87 & 1996-1999;
Member, Senate Appeals on Academic Standing
Committee, 1983-1987 & 1996-2002 (including Chair pro tern); Member, Ad-hoc Senate
Committee on University Writing Requirements,
2000-01; Member, Senate Elections
Committee, 1999-2002; Member, UBC
Presidential Search Committee, 1985;
Representative, Graduate Student Council,
1983-1987; Representative, Faculty of
Graduate Studies Council, 1984-1987;
National Director, Canadian Water and
Wastewater Association, 1987-88,
Professional & Business Interests
My professional and business interests over the
past 25 years have focused almost exclusively
on remote communities and development
projects, including working for over two decades
with First Mations communities throughout the
northern BC, Yukon, NWT, Nunavut and Alaska,
Additionally, I have been the annual host for the
CSCE/CIDA Youth Initiatives Technical
Exchange Program in 1993, 1994 and 1995;
two-time award recipient as Project Manager,
Consulting Engineers of British Columbia
Awards for Engineering Excellence, 1993 and
1995; and was seconded as the Field Team
Leader, CIDA/USAID funded project, El Fasher,
52   Trek   Spring 2002 Sudan, 1988-89.
Member, Association of Professional
Engineers and Geoscientists of British
Columbia; Member, Association of
Professional Engineers, Geologists and
Geophysicists of the Northwest Territories.
I feel strongly committed to the unique and
valuable role that we as Convocation
Senators have on Senate. Unique because we
are "off campus" representatives and are
outside the sphere of traditional academia.
Valuable, because we bring our off campus,
"private sector" perspective to
Senate's deliberations.
Accordingly, my participation on Senate-
first as a graduate student representative
some 20 years ago and more recently, as an
elected member-has been guided by my
appreciation ofthe importance of
my function.
I look forward to continuing to be an active
participant in the policy setting and the
decision making of Senate, and committee. 1
remain committed to continuing to fulfil the
unique and valuable role we have of
Convocation Senators.
Election Ballot
Chancellor Election
The election of one representative to serve as the UBC Chancellor.
Vote for one candidate only. Please mark with a cross (X)
□ Dr. Bikkar Singh Lalli
I   [   Ms. Jennie Marsh
I   I   Mr. Allan McEachern
Convocation Senators Election
The election of eleven representatives to serve on the UBC Senate.
Vote for no more than eleven candidates. Please mark with a cross (X)
□ Robert Affleck
□ Pat Brady
□ Ed Greathed
□ Sean Haffey
□ Dr. Stanley B. Knight
□ Dr. Bikkar Singh Lalli
I   I Bob Lowe
□ Timothy P. Lo
□ Bill McNulty
LJ Jim Rogers
D Des. R. Verma
I   I    Dr. Ronald Yaworsky
This ballot is considered valid when the UBC Registrar verifies your voter
eligibility based on the personal information you provide. If you would prefer
to vote anonymously, request a sealed paper ballot from UBC Enrolment
Services 604.822.6202 or vote online at students.ubc.ca/eiections.
Student Number:
Graduation Year:
I hereby certify that the above information is correct. FIRST OFF, IT S NOT A FIELD GUIDE.
At nearly 25 pounds, the four volumes of this
magnificent set would require a pack animal
to tote it around the hills and dales of BC.
Instead, The Birds of British Columbia is
a stunning reference set for both the serious
ornithologist and the birder hobbyist, to
be read before and after forays into birdy
Work on the series began in the late 1970s
with the first two volumes published in 1990.
It was compiled, written and photographed
by a team led by R. Wayne Campbell, a
scientist with the BC Wildlife Branch, Neil K.
Davie of the Canadian Wildlife Service, Ian
McTaggart Cowan, dean emeritus of UBC's
faculty of Graduate Studies, and thousands
of volunteers who recorded the occurrence,
distribution, numbers, habitat, peculiarities
and breeding biology of every bird that
lives, frequents or occasionally visits British
The fourth volume, released in 2001,
contains updates on occurrence and habitat
of species new to the province (some 28 new
sightings), and those who have begun to
breed here rather than just visit.
Information on each bird includes its range,
status (how common it is), breeding and non-
breeding habits, sighting locations, numbers,
various habitats, plumage, general remarks
about the species, and noteworthy records.
The volumes are also full of graphs,
illustrations and maps that show frequency,
migration and number patterns, and full-
colour photographs of the birds and their
The series is the most extensive regional
ornithological work in North America. It's
also a great read.
The Birds of British Columbia in four
volumes is produced by UBC Press and is
available in bookstores everywhere. It can
also be purchased through UBC Press. ->
The ultimate bird book, by chris petty
54    Trek   Spring 2002 and
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