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UBC Alumni Chronicle 1979

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CHINA:
A New and
Different World -•sea
*
A gift that reflects on the giver.
Carrington.
A whisky that's an
outstanding reflection
of quality. ^^■UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
Volume 34, Number 4, Winter 1979
FEATURES
4   BETWEEN EAST AND WEST:
Inside an Artist's World
Eleanor Wachtel
7   CHINA:
A New and Different World
Walter Hardwick
10  AN ASIAN HERITAGE:
A Matter of Pride and Prejudice
Daphne Gray-Grant
14   ASIAN STUDIES:
Ideas from Different Cultures
17   THE JADE PEONY
Heather Walker
Wayson Choy
DEPARTMENTS
20  NEWS
25   SPOTLIGHT
30  CHRONICLE CLASSIFIED
EDITOR'S NOTE: Most issues of the Chronicle
contain a widely-varied selection of articles. This issue
offers an exception — a theme — China: its arts,
culture and people. They are all part of UBC's world as
well.
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
DESIGN & PRODUCTION Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
COVER: by Annette Breukelman, based on original calligraphy
by Yim Tse, librarian in the UBC Asian studies collection. This
is the traditional character for "longevity."
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, Chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA75; Paul Hazell,
BCom'60; Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, MFA'75; Michael W.
Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67; Murray McMillan; Bel Nemetz, BA'35;
Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Nancy Woo, BA'69.
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media: Vancouver (604) 688-6819
Toronto (416) 781-6957
By special arrangement this issue of the Chronicle carries as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
university administration's campus publication. The
UBC information office has responsibility for the editorial content and production of UBC Reports.
ISSN 0041-4999
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British Columbia.
Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered. BUSINESS AND
EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park. 6251 Cecil Green Park Road.
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8. (604)228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni
Chronicle is sent to all aiumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are
available at $3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES:
Send new address with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1X8.
Return Requested.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 4311
Member. Council tor the Advancement and Support of Education.
Indexed in Canadian Education Index
The People's Republic of
CHINA
a bold, new . . .
travel adventure
from a Nanking paper cut ... the Monkey King
a traditional tolk hero and saint.
In 1980 Thomas Cook has organized 32 fully escorted group tours that
reveal as never before the rich variety and challenge of this long
mysterious culture Tour escorts arc university trained specialists, who
have lived and worked in China Our Vancouver consultants are experienced, some with personal visit to give precise advice on this new and
special destination Itineraries which run from January to November
are structured to reflect regional climate, but all feature Peking with
Hong Kong and or Tokyo as gateway stopovers
Duration approximately three weeks.
Inclusive price from Vancouver S3550 to $5100
call us now ...
departures and
tour size limited
688-0231
416 Seymour St.
Vancouver
B.C.   V6B 3H1
Thomas
Cook
The trusted name in travel. Everywhere. Between
East and West:
Inside an Artist's World
Eleanor Wachtel
When you ask why I dwell here docile
among the far green hills, I laugh in my
heart. My heart is happy.
The peach-blossom watches the river
running but remains content. There is a
better heaven and earth than the busy world
of men.
The Chinese poet Li Po called his verse
"Contentment" and it is this world
that Vancouver artist Guan Hai Lun
seeks to evoke in her paintings. Her success is marked by invitations from the
National Musuem of History in Taiwan
for two one-woman shows, exhibitions in
Hong Kong, Vancouver, at the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria, and UBC. The
twist in this tale is that Guan Hai Lun is
better known as Shaughnessey matron
Helen Gray Griffin (Guan is after a famous
12th century woman painter, and Hai
Lun is the Chinese variant of Helen).
In retrospect, the transition from Helen
to Hai Lun seems fated. Father was a
naturalist so the house was filled with collections of .butterflies, beehives, and exotic fish; Mother, an artist who every
Saturday morning taught the neighborhood children, three year-old Helen
among them. No one was surprised then
that Helen grew up to combine these two
fields through her love of landscape painting. It simply took 40 years to find the
appropriate expressive vehicle — the
Chinese style, a whole culture that exalts
the portrayal of nature.
"Chinese paintings are meant to
spiritually uplift rather than provide any
social comment. Often a little path will
lead you into the landscape from bottom
right. It may disappear behind a rock or
mountain, reappear beside a ferry landing
or take you up the steps toward a small
temple. Or it may not be a path at all but a
river or stream, perhaps a mist, a series of
mists that wanders you through the paintings, through the mountains. But by the
time you've had that 15 minute look at the
painting you are refreshed, you've had a
rest from your workaday world in — as
they say — the dust of the city."
Helen's own workaday world has been
kept simple. Every morning from eight
o'clock, she paints at a table, working
from sketchbooks. She uses traditional
black Chinese ink stick rubbed on a stone
and diluted with water. The painting is
done with wolf hair brushes held at right
angles to the cotton paper. Rabbit hair
brushes are for washes, and color (English
Windsor Newton permanent) may be
added later. Her studio is a bare white
room off the kitchen: a former pantry and
maid's room — "We never had a maid
except me," she quips. And sure enough,
tucked away among a shelf-length of art
texts is The Joy of Cooking.
Fresh paper curls over two wooden
towel racks next to a brass Chinese character indicating "Prosperity," which is "always around the corner." And on top of a
white five-drawer dresser is a corrugated
row of coils — a foot and a half of sketchbooks. Brushes nestle in bamboo cups,
while inside the drawers are gold-
decorated ink blocks, a Chinese "pillbox"
of red paste like a pot of rouge, and to
daub into that paste, a large collection of
"chops" or seals. Most represent her
Chinese name, one is a Monkey seal "for
when I'm feeling skittish," and another
says: "This was a happy accident; I
couldn't do it again."
Griffin, in a beige cotton Chinese worker's jacket, is quick to show and explain,
to indicate the metal wall that supports
magnets to tack up a row of five two foot
by three foot panels. She's painting the
mountain backdrop of Vancouver. The
fourth panel is almost blank, to give the
eyes a resting place. She mourns the
room's window that was blocked out. Because, really, all this is dismissed. Her
true love is her studio on Savary Island
(where she's been going since 1947), a
studio she designed herself of salvaged
beach wood, salvaged glass, and a sloping
roof. That's all it is: no electricity, almost
a reclaimed ruin. In a painting, it sits in a
small white space between thick dark
strokes of trees. "My Studio" is one of her
freest, least constrained works.
Her life is revealed in more careful
4 Chronicle/Winter 1979 strokes. Her childhood interest in biology
was directed to a career as a lab technician
in bacteriology. "It was just after the depression and Mother insisted that we all
have a real career that we could earn
money at. Botany and zoology didn't lead
anywhere — art was disqualified because
it didn't pay enough — only bacteriology
seemed to be a straight line into a job." So
a B.A. in bacteriology from UBC ('38) was
followed by positions in hospitals, and
then the provincial laboratory until she
was fired for getting married. After a
daughter was born, Helen started painting again. She'd already passed all the
Royal Drawing society exams before she
turned 13, and had studied with a variety
of local teachers. Now she took courses at
the University Women's Club with Lionel
Thomas, and others. When the second
child, a son, started school, Helen decided
to go back to university for a master's
degree in fine arts.
"I didn't want to just go and take the
odd lecture. I wanted to have to work; it
was a gripping thing I had to do." Why
Chinese studies? Why indeed. It had
something to do with needing a
philosophy course, with curiosity about
friends she had known as a child whose
fathers travelled the pre-war Empress
boats from China and Japan, the beautiful
ivory balls she saw in their homes, the
fascinatingly intricate carving. One of her
acknowledged influences, American expressionist Mark Tobey had been to
China. But what clinched it was the discovery that "nature is their whole thing,
all the Chinese arts are bound up with
nature."
In the '50s and '60s landscapes weren't
fashionable. "I was doing Tobey's kind of
wiggly writing, which is a miniature form
of Jackson Pollack, but it seemed to me a
dead end, a complete dead end. What do
you do next? It's all abstract wiggles and it
might be beautiful but so what?" After a
pause, "I guess I have to have a more
rational explanation of things."
Helen was disgusted that abstraction
was the only acceptable style. "You get to
an age," she laughs, "when you say — I'm
going to paint what I want regardless of
#
P^>M
, t< l F F i N
Chronicle/Winter 7979 5 fashions. You can't keep painting and
painting, and hide the stuff under the bed,
forever. You need feedback. And that's
what I've been getting in dollops since I
took up Chinese painting."
Chinese art and philosophy at UBC led
to a Canada Council grant to study Mandarin at Stanford and then research at the
Palace Museum in Taiwan. It was there
that Helen learnt from masters of formal
Chinese technique. At seven every morning she took language lessons, and every
evening, painting. "Chinese teaching
methods are different from ours. You
don't paint at all in the class, you don't
even take a brush. You watch a demonstration, receive a list of the things you
need, and then take home the teacher's
painting — he does one for each student
— and do what you can. Try it a few times,
and the teacher criticizes your efforts, all
in Chinese, at the next class. Once he said
to me, 'Those look like Canadian mountains, I can't help you with those.'"
Chinese practice is to paint from imagination or books or lessons, not directly
from the external world. That's why there
are those depictions of little old
philosophers, carrying an instrument or
leading a donkey. Without the intrusion
of reality, allegories or poems can be composed relating to the picture, to express
the artist's feelings. Helen works with the
outside world — "our consciousness, our
trees, our mountains. Hiking with a
sketchbook, that's what I love to do
most." She's just filled her 120th book.
Recently, she's been studying geology because she wants to do "what's inside the
mountains, how they are made."
Work in Taiwan was followed by the
first UBC tour to China in 1971 where she
illustrated work by journalist Lisa Hobbs,
practised her Mandarin, and sketched
what hadn't been altered by the Cultural
Revolution. Back in Vancouver, Griffin
studied with artist Vivian Wong, and then
in 1974 received her first invitation to
exhibit at the National Museum of History in Taiwan.
She characterizes her work as halfway
between the eastern and western approach
to painting. Experts scrutinize a work to
evaluate the calligraphic strokes. Helen
acknowledges her primarily western training, and admits to "doing it my way."
(She prizes a sheet of calligraphy by one of
her teachers, admiring how thick and thin
the strokes are, dark and pale, where he
dipped his brush for more ink, the
flourishes.)
And of course her own work is drawn
from her favorite places in the real world,
Cypress Bowl and Whistler Mountain.
But she does conform to the Chinese sense
of perspective — a kind of aerial view,
looking down on a scene, (in fact Helen
has sketched from small planes flying up
the coast from Vancouver). Depth is effected by shading closer objects darker,
and leaving more distant ones pale. The
cultural convergence is perhaps best
summed up by: "When I have a show over
there (Taiwan and Hong Kong), they say I
am still very Western, but here they say I
am very Chinese!"
"They" also say: "With sensitive vision
and refined touch, she captures the beauty
and prosperity of nature." (Ho Hao-Tien,
director of the National Museum of History in Taiwan.)
Helen feels the more Chinese her work
can be the better. Every now and then, she
takes a few lessons from a Chinese master,
just to keep in form. But she's continually
sketching, recording the season's
wildflowers that she brings into her studio
for closer study, and then paints back into
the wilderness — a vase would be a violation. (Several album leaves of her flowers
are with the UBC Botanical Garden Art
Exhibition, and the university purchased
three of her works: one for the continuing
education department, one hangs in a residence, and the third was stolen, cut from
its frame. Theft too is a form of flattery.)
Despite having her work in more than a
dozen collections, Helen affirms: "I don't
really believe in talent. Talent is just doing
it and loving it. A lot of artists who are
very famous just don't have a reason to
paint any more, but I always feel that I do
— to revere nature." □
Eleanor Wachtel is a Vancouver writer and
broadcaster.
6 Chronicle/Winter 1979 China:
A New and Different World
Walter Hardwick
Aboard the Chinese Civil Aviation Boeing 707 enroute to Beijing (Peking),
my fellow passengers provided evidence that I was entering into a new and
different world.
Over half were Chinese officials, all
dressed in charcoal-colored, high-collar
suits which, as a uniform, are worn universally in China. In the rear, a Japanese
basketball team in red uniforms provided
color, while amidships Central American
tourists, Canadian, European and African
government and business officials were,
to my eye, more familiar airline passengers.
In-flight service tea was served from a
large metal kettle reminiscent of the type
that boiled on the woodstoves years ago.
Dinner of North China cuisine was in considerable contrast to the Cantonese fare
common in B.C.
The flight from Tokyo, similar in
length to the Vancouver-Toronto flight,
crosses the East China Sea and enters
Chinese airspace north of Shanghai. Although it was clear and warm for our evening arrival, from my window at 35,000
feet nothing was to be seen on the ground,
even though we were flying over an area of
intensive agriculture and dense population. This was in stark contrast to the
sparkling pattern of lights that dot the
Canadian prairie landscape when viewed
from a 747 on its evening flight to Vancouver from Toronto. Only on the final
approach did muted lights come into
view.
I learned later that there is a shortage of
electricity; that domestic light bulbs are
restricted to no more than 30 watts; that
street lights are located only at main intersections; and cars and buses drive only
with parking lights. No wonder seven
million people in Beijing are nearly invisible.
Cultural and geographical contrasts
with Canada were everywhere for members ofthe Canadian delegation arriving to
negotiate a university scholar program
with officials from the Chinese Ministry of
Education. After an airport reception by
embassy and ministry officials we were
whisked in a Toyota tourist bus to the
Peking Hotel. Enroute through treed
streets our bus passed pedestrians, cyclists, pony-drawn carts heading to the city
to collect night soil for farmers and clusters of people squatting in the foot print of
the occasional street light. The people,
warned of our approach by the staccato
road-runner like horn sounds, were using
the street light for reading and game playing and escaping the crowded, hot,
poorly-illuminated Beijing dwellings.
The street life of the evening
foreshadowed the bustle of the morning.
Outside my hotel, by 5 a.m. waves of
cyclists flowed along East Changan Avenue toward Tien a Men Square; individuals of all ages practiced tai chi concentrating on the rhythmic, ancient forms
oblivious to the next person on the
boulevard perhaps two yards away; others
practiced martial arts, calisthenics or jogged, and Red Army groups trained, all
prior to work. By 9 a.m. cottage industries
in the residential compounds were opening and farmers were setting up street
stalls to sell fresh greens. No one seemed
to take notice of my walks — but of course
Chinese are not supposed to talk with
foreigners unless authorized.
Our delegation was in Beijing on a mission to assist the campaign for the four
modernizations initiated following the
death of Chairman Mao Zedong. The
goals of the program which focus on agriculture, industry, defense and science,
aim to draw China from the xenophobia of
the past 30 years toward the industrial/
urban world. In particular, the four modernizations should provide an antidote to
the Cultural Revolution of 1966 and the
years following.
To a westerner the implications of the
Cultural Revolution, described last
month by 81-year-old head of state, Ye
Jianying, as an "appalling catastrophe,"
are hard to comprehend. Only after visiting institutions and talking with individuals about their collective and personal experiences can the dimensions of the revolution come into partial focus and the
significance of the Canadian academic
proposal be understood.
The Chinese higher education systems
were all but closed in 1966 as professors,
teachers, intellectuals, and senior gov
ernment officials were sent to agricultural
and industrial communes to learn from
the peasants. Only in 1976 was a freshman
class admitted to universities and colleges
through competitive examinations in a
start to rebuilding academe. In the intervening years academic and scientific endeavor was at a standstill.
After the academics were sent to the
communes the university buildings were
occupied by youthful Red Guards, and in
some cases taken over for emergency
housing by the army and civilians. The
university programs were turned over to
youthful radical instructors whose course
of study focused upon Maoist philosophy,
politics, and revolutionary military tactics.
Only after 1970 did the pre-Cultural
Revolution academics drift back, usually
to do personal work, and in 1974 to resume formal classes. Even then classes
were filled with students chosen by communes on political rather than intellectual
grounds. For the majority of professors
1966-76 was a lost decade.
In retrospect, President Ye stated that
"when the Cultural Revolution was
launched the estimate of the situation
within the party and the country ran
counter to reality...and an erroneous policy and method of struggle were
adopted." Erroneous or not, men and
women my age lost contact with the
benchmarks of their disciplines, were deprived of critical years of research and
scholarly work, and the challenge of
graduate research and training. The youth
ofthe nation lost the disciplined study and
learning experiences provided by dedicated teachers, and the nation lost
momentum toward modernization.
Today the goals of the government of
China are to assist in upgrading the scholars in science, engineering and medicine
as quickly as possible so they can be prepared to teach the new generation and
intervene through science and technology
in modernizing the economy. Vice-
premier Deng Xioping in 1978 proposed
that 10,000 scholars be sent abroad for
study.
This plan, although at variance with
recent Chinese policy, is not without precedent. Many of the recent and current
ChronicleA^inter 7979 7 The treasures of dynasties await a visitor to Beijing beyond the entrance to the Forbidden City
Palace museum.
A copy ofthe new Chinese-English dictionary was presented to Walter Hardwick by K.C.
Hsu (centre, right) and other members of the foreign languages institute staff. The book was
published last year after a decade of preparation.
8 Chronicle/Winter 1979
leaders, including the late Premier Chow
Enlai, were educated abroad. Senior
academics have American, European and
even Canadian degrees. The president of
Peking University is a graduate of the
University of Toronto. The placement of
10,000 academics abroad is a radical move
and a monumental task for a government
short on hard currency and short of personal contacts in the West. Our Canadian
delegation negotiated an agreement which
is enabling some 200 mid-career scholars
to attend Canadian universities. The first
contingent is already at UBC* To assist
China, British Columbia waved tuition
and research support costs. The Chinese,
through their Ottawa embassy, pay for
housing expenses and travel.
When I arrived in China last June the
scholar groups already had been assembled at institutes for English language instruction to prepare for their move to
Canada. I met and talked with many of
them in Quinghau and Peking Universities and foreign language institutes. For
many, being in the capital itself was a
welcome break from the cultural and
geographic isolation which caused such
severe hardship on academics.
Chinese officials were remarkably frank
in assessing the cause of, and impact of,
the Cultural Revolution. Some feel that a
"Cultural Revolution" which attacked alleged privilege and arrogance of the intellectual was inevitable in the Chinese
scheme of things. Even westerners familiar with China say that intellectuals and
academics never had the range of work
experiences that Canadians take for
granted. University entrance was prized
and government fee support negates the
necessity of the equivalent of our summer
work in the woods. In the march toward
an egalitarian society privilege had to be
challenged. However, what was an acceptable goal for a communist society obviously got out of control and the whole
intellectual, scientific, and academic
community was derailed for a decade. To
many others it was not a good idea gone
bad but an erroneous evaluation of the
situation to start with.
The political debate that preceded the
Cultural Revolution, involving Chairman
Mao, Lui Shaoqi, Deng Xioping and
others, focused on the nature of society
and the educational system that supported
it. In some dimensions the debate was
similar to the counter-culture debate in
*Six visiting scholars are currently in residence at UBC: Qin Yu Hui and Wangju-
Ning at the B.C. Cancer Research Centre;
Ye Gouying in mineral engineering; Lin
Hao-ran, fish physiology; Li Bo-Cheng,
oceanography and Liu Chu, electrical engineering. Part of a group of approximately
60 scholars presently visiting Canadian universities under the government program, they
will be working with UBC faculty members
as honorary research associates for periods of
up to two years. the western world during the same years.
The Red Guards and the lately vilified
"Gang of Four," argued that to maintain a
perpetual revolution those in leadership
positions needed to experience peasant
and worker living and through it throw off
their elitist ways. They could learn from
the peasant.
There seemed to be a view that learning
would come from experience, and that
disciplined learning which was prerequisite to the emergence ofthe leadership class
was not necessary at all. Like an artist,
things could be created spontaneously.
Instant knowledge and wisdom-of-youth
would be praised and cultivated and replace the more pragmatic view that increased use of professional experts and
intellectuals, the promotion of young and
middle-aged officials and an emphasis of
labor productivity were essential for revolution. That view did not prevail in
1966. Mao supported the Cultural Revolution. After a decade with a change in
leadership the pendulum swung back.
It was as if the leadership ofthe counter
culture of the 1960s had caught the ear of
an all-powerful prime minister and his
sometime actress wife who in turn,
through an authoritarian government,
coaxed all Canadians to adopt the stance of
the flower children, and those who resisted were banished to rural communes
and our universities were taken over by
those who knew that anyone over 30 could
not be trusted.
Fortunately in Canada our society can
be modified, but our institutions remain.
The counter-culture was never more than
a minority view, but some of its important
elements were absorbed into the broader
culture. But not in China. Under the leadership of the Chairman the whole society
publicly adopted the radical and anarchistic stance of the Cultural Revolution. Institutions and individuals were destroyed.
Although the Cultural Revolution was
adopted outwardly, it was vilified privately. How else would a generation of
septuagenarians emerge from a decade of
oblivion to lead China today? It is this
great re-construction that Canada,
through the scholar program, is assisting.
From my room at the Peking Hotel,
early in the morning I could see the gold
leaf gables of the Forbidden City shine in
the morning sunlight. That grand palace
was the home of the Mongol, Ming and
Manchu dynasties before the revolutions.
The Forbidden City is now called the
Palace Museum and inside its buildings
artifacts of 4000 years of Chinese history
abound. Within those walls it is easy to
accept the sobering thought that Chinese
society has embraced a majority of human
beings and no other society can compare
with it in extent or duration.
In view of the evidence, it is easy to
agree with J.H. Plumb who writes "imperial Chinese society worked as few
societies have, bringing peace and modest
subsistence to millions. History seems to
argue for the merits of the intellectual in
government and for a society based on the
principles of social immobility centred on
tradition. Millions were made to be content with little, and still are, but in the end
this may prove more helpful for humanity's capacity for survival than the appetite
for acquisition which was fostered in the
west."
Chinese government for centuries has
been influenced by the Confucian system
in which matters of government were generally decided by the Emperor with consultation with an informal group of senior
advisors. One wonders if the Great
Helmsman has not acted in a similar fashion. The historic tension between Confu
cian, Buddhist and Taoists philosophies
may have been swept away by the 20th
century philosophies, but has that much
changed? Are the four modernizations,
and Canadians' contribution to it, a rerun
of the interaction between the Middle
Kingdom and the peripheral world?
Visiting Peking, a city of wonder to
western travellers from Marco Polo to the
present, provides a great experience,
opens new horizons and poses new questions while providing few answers. It was,
and is, a new and different world.        □
Walter Hardwick, BA'54,MA'58, is B.C.
deputy minister of education, on leave from
his post as professor of geography at UBC.
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Chronicle/Winter 1979 9 10  Chronicle'lTi'W-r 1979 An Asian Heritage:
A Matter of Pride and Prejudice
Daphne Gray-Grant
One afternoon in early October, a
young woman walked into the
Chinese Students' Association to
pick up a disco ticket and to chat. Someone asked what she was going to do next
year — graduate school perhaps? She
wrinkled her nose and laughed. Maybe
later. First she thought she'd work for
awhile — earn some money — and then
perhaps she'd travel...to China.
Although this scene is a familiar one —
probably replayed every day in countless
cafeterias, classrooms and libraries across
campus — this time it was a little different. Unlike many others, this student
wasn't planning on going to Europe.
What's more this particular young woman
was Chinese.
Chinese. Say the word to otherwise
bright, likeable, and intelligent Caucasian
students and you'll be surprised at the
number of stereotypes and cliches you
hear. "They all look alike," says one.
"Sedgewick Library is where they all hang
out," comments another. "Chinese students? They're taking over campus." Sad
comments for a university which takes
pride in its "internationalism." Ironically,
these remarks are often from people who
wouldn't dream of deliberately saying
anything to hurt another individual. But
as Chinese students form one of the largest
and most visible ethnic groups on campus, it is easy to put them into ready-made
categories. The funny thing is, if you talk
to individuals and if you talk about
specifics, it all seems so very different.
Take the problem of English. "It's very
difficult to learn the spoken language,"
says Louis Kwong, a master's student in
Asian studies. "When people speak, it
goes so fast, and unless that person is very
understanding, I miss what was said."
Any English Canadian who has ever
struggled with irregular French verbs, or
seemingly endless pages of idioms en fran-
cais, should readily appreciate the difficulty facing a Chinese-speaking student
thrust into the mainstream of UBC life.
"If Canadians were more helpful...if they
were willing to listen to me with my broken English, it would make it much
easier. But some people are not so patient."
The problem of learning English is a
serious one. It is, say many Chinese students, the biggest barrier to making
friends, passing courses at university and
just getting by in Vancouver. Just look at
the language. "You're welcome" seems an
odd retort to "thank-you" when the
Chinese equivalent is (rough translation)
"no need to be thanked." A casual greeting to a roomful of people — "Hi folks" —
remains but another mystery of linguistics
when the Chinese student has been taught
only textbook English in Hong Kong.
And as for the various idiomatic expressions for which English is justifiably infamous, well — "I went for two years
without understanding the meaning of
'rip-off," says Louis Kwong. How did he
find out? "He got ripped off," says a
friend. (Actually, after hearing the word
often enough, Kwong finally asked.)
When it comes down to basics, the most
obvious thing is language. Unless individuals can talk to each other, it is almost
impossible for a "meeting of cultures" to
take place, and misunderstandings easily
arise. A group of Chinese students are
standing in the halls of the Buchanan
Building, talking rapidly in Cantonese.
There is a burst of laughter and more
rapid talk as a Caucasian student walks
by. The Chinese students are laughing
about something that happened last night,
but the English-speaking student doesn't
know that. "They never make any effort
to learn English," he thinks.
Louis Kwong: "To an English-
speaking student I say — imagine being in
France. You have so much to say, so many
feelings. You want to talk, but you can't!
More than anything else you want to learn
French, but when you cannot say the
words, the most natural thing for you to
do is use English. Until most Canadians
hear this analogy, they don't think about
what it's like, not being able to talk.
People need to communicate. If I can't
express an idea clearly in English, it's only
natural that I switch to Chinese."
In addition to language difficulties,
another problem for the overseas student
is adjusting to a very different culture; a
culture with different values about the
family, love and the things that are important in life. These differences, on the surface less obvious than language, go far
deeper; they are harder to ignore.
"I think it's a question of different sets
of assumptions," says Kwong. "For
example, in Hong Kong it is natural for
one to live with one's parents. In North
America it is natural not to do so." Other
students agree. "There's a lot of family
pressure," says George Lui, (BSc'78) who
is now working on a qualifying year before
he can enter UBC's master's program in
Asian studies. "In the Chinese family,
education is very important. The object of
Chronicle/Winter 1979  11 education is to get a good job — and of
course, that means going into the sciences.
"My parents were very tactful," he
adds. "They didn't order me to go into
sciences, but when I wasn't sure what I
wanted to do, I thought 'why not?'. My
sister who is in fine arts has had a much
harder time. My parents just don't understand the use of it."
Lui thinks that one ofthe major reasons
for the pragmatic outlook of many
Chinese parents and for the overwhelming
importance they tend to place on getting a
good education, is a result of history. His
own parents were forced to go to Hong
Kong during the Second World War. Uprooted again during the series of riots in
1968, they came to Canada. "My mother
was running all her life. That sort of past
forces you to be pragmatic. Because
they've known only insecurity, parents
think you're going to starve to death unless you get a good education and a good
job."
To provide an opportunity for the
Chinese to meet together on campus,
there is the Chinese Students' Association. It is a large and lively club with over
150 members and an astonishing list of
activities ranging from Chinese painting,
dancing, choir and Chinese language classes. Chinese classes? Lessons are offered
in both Mandarin and Cantonese because
a large number of students speak only one
of the dialects, and some are anxious to
learn another. For many other students,
however, the issue is more than a casual
wish to acquire another language. For
second and third-generation Chinese —
the Canadian-Chinese — learning the language may be necessary if they wish to
communicate with their own families.
"Banana." It's a taunt that means yellow on the outside, but white on the inside. And for the second-generation students — on a large campus where people
are sometimes reduced to nameless faces
in huge lecture halls — it is easy to be put
into a certain slot: "Chinese" simply because of the color of their skin. Although
they are labelled as such, these same students are often unsure exactly how they fit
in with the Chinese community. "I am not
Chinese, I am Canadian," says one. "I am
Canadian but my Chinese heritage is important," says another.
In a poignant essay entitled "Confessions of a Native Born," a third- generation Chinese student identified as Richard
Y., tells what it is like: "I knew nothing
about China, nor could I read or write
Chinese. I stayed away from the Chinese
immigrants and snickered at their broken
English. I decided that all I wanted was a
good job, good friends and trips to
Hawaii. I didn't have to be Chinese for all
that, did I?...But there was no avoiding
the truth. Every time I looked into a mirror, there I was, Chinese to the last cocky
barb of black hair." It is something which
cannot be ignored. Scandinavian, German
and Italian people come to Canada and, if
they wish, 'disappear' into Canadian society. But for the Chinese — "our faces bind
us together," writes Richard Y.
Faster than you can form a stereotype,
however, talking to the students themselves proves that it is almost impossible
to make generalizations. "I've never felt I
was any different from anyone else," says
Jeff Lowe, a first-year law student who is
third-generation Chinese. "Foremost I'm
Canadian, but I've got my Chinese heritage behind me. I don't see any serious
conflict. Maybe the apprehension is
among Caucasian students," he adds.
Lowe is the president of the Chinese
Varsity Club, one of the older clubs on
campus. It differs from the Chinese Stu-
12 Chronicle/l^mt-r 1979 dents' Association in both composition
and activities. While the latter is made up
largely of overseas students, most of the
Varsity Club members are Canadian-
Chinese. It is primarily a socially-oriented
club, with the close-to-200 members getting together for dances, car rallies and
sports events. These days there is a growing spirit of co-operation between the two
student clubs as they plan activities together that will enable the overseas students to learn English and their
Canadian-Chinese counterparts to learn
Chinese.
But as the Chinese community on campus becomes more cohesive, the question
arises, how do the Caucasian students
react? The word racism is an ugly one and
students shy away from using it. UBC
does not appear to be a blatantly racist
campus. There are no burnings, no demonstrations, no attacks. But in a society
that tends to frown upon differences of
any sort there is an undercurrent — a
certain lack of understanding between the
races. "For what it's worth, washroom
walls contain a lot of racist slurs," says Jeff
Lowe. "But I can't say they bothered me
that much."
Other incidents are not so easily ignored. Last year an issue of the Totem
Park residence newsletter carried a fictitious letter asking why there were so few
Oriental residents at Totem Park. An
editorial comment stated that a committee
(labelled with a crude acronym) had been
formed to get rid ofthe Orientals by plant
ing drugs in their rooms and having the
students evicted. When the letter was
published, the complaints were immediate and loud. A series of angry letters, written by both Chinese and non-
Chinese students, appeared in the Ubyssey. The result? An open discussion of
racism which many Chinese students —
while they deplored the incident itself —
felt was long overdue.
What is more difficult to deal with are
the more subtle forms of discrimination.
"I didn't believe it," says a student who
suspects that one of her professors harbored a grudge against Orientals. "At first
I thought he was just a hard marker. But
when I compared my marks with other
people in the class, another Oriental and I
had scored the lowest. The other students
couldn't understand it." Misunderstanding or prejudice? It is difficult to say.
Chinese students at UBC are faced with
the difficult problem of trying to bridge
cultural gaps in day-to-day life. "The cultures are quite different," says Gema da
Assuncao a 4th-year home economics student who was born in Macao, a Portuguese colony 50 miles from Hong Kong.
"I behave completely differently depending upon the people I'm with. If they're
traditional, I'll be traditional. If they're
westernized, I'll be westernized." The
question is more than a philosophical one.
It boils down to such nitty-gritty issues as
how much to drink, how many boyfriends
to go out with, what clothes to wear. But
she looks at it philosophically, "the
Chinese have learned to adapt and I guess
I adapt easier than most."
The question Chinese students must
consider is just how much they wish to
adapt. In many ways, the major concerns
of the Chinese students are the same as
those of any other student: how to get
through exams, how to pay for tuition and
what to do when graduation day finally
arrives. But there is also the important,
sometimes-unspoken, need to find one's
niche in a community. It is a difficult
problem for many Chinese students, because that niche must be created within
two cultures.
Multiculturalism is a word that is very
popular these days, but it must mean a
great deal more than dances, songs and a
way of cooking food, say the Chinese students. There are no easy answers. Maybe
something of the essence of multiculturalism may be found in the story of the
young woman who walked into the
Chinese Students' office that day in October. Like any student she faced the
hopes, fears and exasperations of an unknown future. And, like many, she was
looking to find something of her past. The
difference was, her past lay in China.
Let us hope that all UBC students —
whatever their backgrounds — can be
wise enough to see the similarities that do
exist, and compassionate enough to accept
the differences that are so important.   □
Daphne Gray-Grant, BA'79, is editor of
the Western News.
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Asian
Studies:
Ideas From
Different
Cultures
A* $1*
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Heather Walker
To its students, one ofthe good things
about the UBC Asian studies department is its relatively small size.
With 19 professors and 47 undergraduate
majors, it's a far cry from some of the
university's giant departments.
Fourth-year student Brian Dunn decided to major in the field when his interest was aroused by Asian Studies 105,
an introductory course. He went to talk to
department members about the program.
An Asian presence on the campus: Nitobe
Memorial Garden, a tribute to Dr. Inazo
Nitobe's contribution to East-West
friendship. "There's a real interest on the part of
the professors to encourage people and get
them interested (in Asian studies)," he
says. "There's a good feeling about the
department."
The reason, he suggests, is the professors' desire to share their enthusiasm with
their students. "It's not a very common
field, and therefore they're trying to encourage people to come into it."
Any student who is in the department
for several years gets to know his professors well, as people to talk to about
academic and other interests. Dunn is taking the department's Japanese concentration, and plans to go on to graduate work
in Japanese history next year.
A major concern on entering the department was the complexity of Asian
languages. But Japanese proved not to be
as difficult as Dunn had feared. Still, he
says, a student taking an Asian language
course worth three units of credit can expect "four and a half units worth of
work."
Language difficulties are "not really" a
negative aspect of the department, "but
they are something to take into account,"
especially as a student could find him or
herself wasting time trying to understand
an Asian culture without also learning its
language.
Brian's decision to major in Asian
studies with no background ("I really
knew nothing") is relatively rare. Many of
the department's Chinese studies students
are from Chinese backgrounds. Some in
other areas are the sons and daughters of
missionaries who worked in Asia, or students who participated in Grade 12 exchange programs with an Asian country.
Asian studies is a relatively young department at UBC, says head Dr. Peter
Harnetty. It began life as an off-shoot of
the history department in 1955, with
former history department head Dr. F.H.
Soward as its director.
Asian studies became a full-fledged department in 1961. Dr. W.L. Holland was
"imported" from New York to become its
first head. He brought with him the distinguished Asian studies journal, Pacific
Affairs, giving both the university and the
department a tremendous boost.
In addition to its undergraduates, the
department has 25 graduate students, and
many other students are taking one or
more Asian studies courses. A large part
of the university's strength in the study of
Asia comes from outside the department.
"There are 30 specialists on Asia in
other parts of the university," Harnetty
says. They are sprinkled through the history, English, anthropology, religious
studies, geography and music departments. Outside specialists are another
reason for the department's intense concentration on teaching language — with
Asian-related courses already available,
there's no need for the department to duplicate them.
UBC's Asian studies department has
succeeded in attracting students from all
over the world. It has done so, Harnetty
explains, because of its comparatively
large size plus the attraction of the university's other Asian specialities. And B.C. is
"a natural geographic location for Asian
studies" because of ties with Japan and
other Asian countries.
Another factor is the large Asian population in Vancouver and throughout the
province. "We have a very vigorous Asian
community in Vancouver," says Harnetty. Different Asian groups provide
scholarships for UBC students, among
them the Elizabeth Tong Ng Memorial
Scholarship, the Okamatsu Family Fund
Scholarship and the India Club of Vancouver Scholarship.
But the department's high standing is
primarily the result of the university's interest in Asian studies. "The university
has made a committment to Asian
studies," Dr. Harnetty says. "They decided Asia was one area in which the university should be strong."
By the late 1960s the department offered courses at all levels of Chinese and
Japanese and basic courses in Hindi and
Sanskrit. Dr. Harnetty notes that the department's concentration is on China,
India and Japan, but "the prime thrust of
the department is in the languages and
literature of Asia, expecially at the undergraduate level," he says.
Many students are choosing an Asian
language as their arts program language
requirement and job prospects for them
are suprisingly bright. "One thing that
has always kept people out of the field is
worry about jobs, but if you remain open,
there's quite a few possibilities," Dunn
explained. "Graduates can become translators, and there are quite a few Japanese
companies with subsidiaries in Vancouver. There are so few people here that
speak the language well that there are job
opportunities with these companies, and
they're well-paying jobs. Being able to
speak the language is the main qualification."
Physically, Asian studies is pretty much
the same as any other UBC arts department — so far. Professors' offices are in
one wing of the Buchanan building, and
most classes are taught in other parts of
the same building.
By 1981, the department plans to move
into a new home in the long-awaited Asian
Studies Centre. The project began in 1971
when Japan's Sanyo Corporation gave the
university the framework of its pavilion
from Expo '70, held in Osaka.
Now, the building, located at the
southeast end of campus, is surrounded
by a growth of scrub alder, weeds and tall
grasses. It's all roof and glass — pagoda
shaped and topped with a skylight, and
primarily glass-walled. Inside, it's concrete floors, yellow steel girders supporting the roof, and little else.
Construction of the building stopped in
1975 when $1.6 million in the form of
government grants and private contributions ran out. But the provincial government has finally authorized the university
to borrow up to $3,591,952 to complete
the centre, and tenders have been called
for construction. Work should begin
again by the end of this year.
The Asian Studies Centre will "give a
focus to the Asian presence on campus,"
according to Dr. Harnetty. It is, appropriately, next door to another Asian attraction at UBC, the Nitobe Gardens.
The building's main function will be to
provide a new home for the department's
200,000 books, now part of the university's general collection in the main Library. Department members will move to
new offices in the centre. The building
will also add another theatre to the campus, this one specifically for the performance of Asian music, theatre and dance,
with a seating capacity of 250. The addition of performance studios and instrument storage space will make the music
department's Asian music section a part-
time occupant of the building as well.
After a quarter century the UBC Asian
studies department will soon be able to
offer the opportunity and challenges of
ideas from different cultures - under one
roof. □
Heather Walker, BA'77, is also a graduate
ofthe Sun, Province.Ubyssey and Powell
River News.
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Chronicle/Winter 1979  15 Just (br fun, drive something sensible.
The Volkswagen Rabbit has
always been a most sensible combination of economy, performance
and room, all wrapped up in one
single automobile.
So now, along comes a Rabbit
that makes sense and a splash at
the same time. The Rabbit GTI.
The Rabbit with extra flair.
With large front spoiler, husky
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here, there, and everywhere.
All standard equipment on
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The beat goes on with an
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Just for fun, check out a Rabbit
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Published as a supplement to the UBC Alumni Chronicle by Information Services, University of B.C., 6328 Memorial Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5. No. 11, Winter, 1979. Jim Banham
and Judith Walker, editors.
THE
MISSION
OFTHE
UNIVERSITY
OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA
"The Mission of the University of British Columbia,"
a document prepared by UBC in response to a request from the
Universities Council of B.C., was made public recently by UBC's
president, Dr. Douglas Kenny. In this supplement to the Alumni
Chronicle, UBC Reports reproduces most of Part I of the document, an
overall statement of the University's mission. Part II of the document is
made up of more detailed statements of UBC's 12 faculties, the library,
the Computing Centre and a statement on UBC's role in continuing
education. Graduates who wish to read the entire mission statement,
which has been printed in booklet form, can obtain a copy by writing to
Information Services, University of B.C., Vancouver V6T 1W5. In his
foreword to the statement President Kenny says: "The document is
intended to stimulate discussion within the University community about
the mission, goals and objectives of UBC. The views expressed in it are
not carved in stone; I shall welcome considered comments and reactions to
it." He concludes the foreword: "While I accept full responsibility for the
document as it stands, I thank the Deans, the Librarian and the Directors
of the Computing Centre and the Centre for Continuing Education for
providing statements about their Faculties or units. In particular I thank
Dr. Peter Larkin, Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies, who
undertook the arduous task of revising a first draft of the document." THE MISSION
OFTHE
UNIVERSITY
OF BRITISH
COLUMBIA
Introduction
2/UBC Reports
As British Columbia approaches its
109th birthday in 1980, there is every
reason to believe that the province is
coming of age. The contribution to
the Gross National Product is now a
respectable 12.3%.* There is a strong
economic base in natural resources,
and growing manufacturing and service sectors. Socially and culturally,
life in British Columbia is now many-
dimensioned, and the people of the
province contribute widely to the political and intellectual accomplishments of their country.
This coming of age happens at a
time of rapid world wide changes.
The enormous acquisition of new
knowledge in the past three decades,
in association with new technologies
of communication, has already transformed society in a multitude of ways.
There is every prospect of even more
rapid change in the next three decades.
The challenge to institutions of
higher education, as custodians and
transmitters of knowledge, was never
more demanding. How should we
plan in the hope of ensuring that the
potentials of the people of the province are developed and maintained?
It is certain that the system for higher
education in British Columbia should
be comprehensive and diversified.
Following the pattern that others have
pioneered, the province already has a
complex of universities, community
colleges, and some fledgling institutions for "teaching-at-a-distance".
It is evidently a good time for stock
taking, for re-assessing the roles that
the various institutions might play in
broad response to the changing and
expanding societal needs for higher
education. It is in this context that
this report states what the University
of British Columbia sees as its mission, and suggests how the University
could develop in the future to be most
valuable to the people of the province
and the country.
* The Financial Post, 21 July 1979 Some Perspectives
Perhaps the best way of defining a
Tole for a primary provincial university
is by remarking that no provincial
government should be able to afford
two of them. Truly excellent programs
of study are often very costly, requiring expensive facilities for the
use of relatively few specialists.
Research can only proceed in some
fields with major investments in
equipment. In the circumstances of
today's world, no one university can
manage to keep up with all of the latest intellectual and technological developments. The best one can aim for
is to maintain competence in all of the
basic subject areas, and to achieve excellence of a world calibre in a few
chosen fields of specialization. The
choice, for many provincial governments, has been, is, and will be,
whether to have one first-class university and some "other" universities, or
instead, to have several "other" universities.
From this perspective, UBC has had
something of an unfortunate history,
especially by comparison with universities such as Toronto and many of the
primary state universities in the
United States. Many of these institutions were substantially developed before World War II and had a solid
base for their post-war expansion. At
the end of World War II, UBC was
essentially a good-quality, small, undergraduate university providing
bachelors degrees, to which was appended a small group of professional
schools and faculties. Thirty years
later, it had rapidly developed into a
large and diversified university, comparable to what some of its provincial
or state counterparts had attained 30
years before.
Following a well-established pattern, UBC, like other initial provincial
universities, began with a core in the
form of a Faculty of Arts (which embraced Arts and Science), and two
professional Faculties  —  Agriculture
and Applied Science (Engineering). In
1929 there was a total of 24 Departments in the three Faculties. In the
decade 1945-1955, the Faculties of
Law, Medicine, Pharmaceutical
Sciences, Commerce and Business Administration, Forestry, Education,
and Graduate Studies were established, as well as the Schools of Architecture, Social Work, Physical Education, Community and Regional
Planning, and the Institutes of
Oceanography and Fisheries. In the
following decade, 1955-1965, there
was extensive development of program and course offerings, the creation of separate Faculties of Arts and
Science, the addition of a Faculty of
Dentistry, and of Schools of Rehabilitation Medicine and Librarianship.
Over the same period, the University
expanded all of its "extra offerings",
enlarging the summer session, adding
session, increasing the number and
size of continuing education courses,
evening courses, public lectures — in
fact, all of the things that go to making the University a year-round and
far-reaching enterprise. In 20 years
the University had taken on an appearance of maturity, the calendar
and the spectrum of year-round activities becoming as complex as that of
most other major universities.
The apparent maturity was, of
course, largely superficial. Ingrowing
so quickly in response to the urgent
demands of the times, much was left
undone by way of developing an adequate base. Many Departments and
Faculties did not flesh out, and still
have only a thin coverage of important subject areas. Buildings and facilities have yet to catch up to the
needs. While somewhat similar situations exist in some measure at many
UBC Reports/3 major universities in Canada, UBC
stands out as a particular example of
the difficulty of developing a well-
rounded adult from a skinny adolescent on a lean diet.
Despite the leanness, the University
put substantial resources into many of
the areas where it counts. The Library (what you start a university
with, according to Stephen Leacock)
is now a major provincial resource. It
has grown not only with strong support from within, but also from a
great number of gifts, that of H. R.
MacMillan being a major factor in
the crucial expansion of the 1960s.
The Library's two million books
would now cost $130 million to
replace, and that figure does not include the cost of cataloguing and otherwise preparing them for circulation.
The Computing Centre is, without
question, one of the best such services
on the continent. It grew with the
times since the first installation in
1957, and in the last 10 years alone its
capacity for computation increased
sixty-fold. In such a fast-moving sector, it was easy to fall behind.
Fortunately, UBC remained in the
vanguard.
Comparatively speaking, UBC also
acquired a good spectrum of student
services of all kinds. For example,
there is an extensive system of student
residences which was early given a
high priority and can now house
3,466 single students. It is particularly
noteworthy that the students themselves have been responsible for many
of the excellent student facilities on
campus. In a long-established tradition, the student body each year con-
4/UBC Reports
tributed to building funds, and that is
how UBC got its War Memorial Gymnasium, Brock Hall, the Student
Union Building (SUB), and very
large contributions to one of the student residences in Place Vanier, the
Thunderbird Winter Sports Centre,
the Graduate Student Centre, and the
recently-completed Aquatic Centre.
It is a record of voluntary subscription
that is unmatched in Canadian universities.
Also by comparison with some other universities, UBC is well endowed
with room to grow. The spaciousness
of the present campus site of 1,000
acres was, in some measure, an invitation for a "suburbanitis" that built at
the   edges   instead   of  developing   a
core. Looking to the future and to the
persistent requirements for space for
facilities,   there  can  be  little  doubt
that some day UBC will need all of its
present site if it is to avoid the critical
problems of Lebensraum  that  have
been expensive experiences for other
major North American and European
institutions.   (Some universities have
built second campuses "out of town".)
Insofar    as    stature    of    Faculty
members is concerned, UBC has been
and   is   widely   respected,   nationally
and  internationally.   A  few  Departments have attained positions of international leadership in special fields,
and several Departments are notable
in  comparison  with  their  Canadian
counterparts. These qualitative comparisons are borne out by quantitative
data. For example, UBC has received
in recent years about 8% of the funds
for federally-sponsored research, with
only   Toronto   and   McGill  receiving
larger shares on the competitive national granting scene. Within the province, UBC currently receives over
80% of the funds to universities from
federally-sponsored research grants
and contracts. Among the universities
of western Canada, only the University
of Alberta has had comparable
federal research support, usually being placed just behind UBC in national statistics. UBC is the editorial
home for several international scholarly journals, a frequent site of international conferences, the home for the
world class TRIUMF facility, the
Museum of Anthropology, a Botanical
Garden of fast-growing reputation,
and many other accoutrements of a
first-class institution.
Faculty, buildings
and equipment
are main
UBC deficiencies
The deficient aspects of UBC as a
maturing university are threefold,
and concern faculty, equipment and
buildings. The problem concerning
faculty is in part historical. In the
surge of enrolment in the 1960s, there
was a wave of recruitment of faculty,
and an expansion into many new subject areas. Envisaging even greater
enrolments, the expectation was that
other institutions would share the undergraduate load, while UBC would
continue to add faculty for the specialist professional and graduate areas
for which a high faculty-to-student
ratio is essential. In fact, winter
enrolments did not rise to the extent
expected, and many UBC programs
have not added the faculty necessary
to achieve the high level of competence that is competitive on a world
scale. The diversification of the other
provincial universities into subject
areas not yet developed adequately at
UBC has underlined the problem.
Looking forward, the problem concerning faculty will probably be central, for UBC has the challenge now
which all North American universities
face — how to maintain vigour in the
demographic circumstances of a
steadily aging population. If enrolment at UBC remains at the expected
steady state, then it may be trapped
with a relatively fixed personnel establishment. It inevitably follows that
for the next two decades at least,
many universities could have only a
thin trickle of new professorial recruits. The unfolding situation has
received national attention and is well
recognized, but the consolation that
others will have the same problem is
not comforting. For UBC, as a primary provincial university, the steady
state has come at a time when con- solidating strengths is the obvious
course of action, yet to consolidate all
that shows promise seems beyond the
financial means. To become the great
university it could become, UBC needs
a steady growth in resources for the
years that lie between the past surge of
enrolment and the future demands for
excellence across a wide spectrum of
specialist disciplines and professions.
The deficiencies in equipment at
the University are also characterized
by being in some measure general,
and in some measure specific. The
pace of science and technology today
is largely geared to breakthroughs in
methodology and instrumentation, so
that to be at the forefront the best
faculty require the most modern
equipment. Everyone expects the physician and the hospital to have all the
resources of contemporary medical
practice at hand, even including those
described in yesterday's newspaper.
With less melodrama, but no less
urgency, the same is true in every profession, and certainly in the pursuit of
new understanding in almost any field
of scientific research. It is similarly
true of all kinds of scholarly activity
that the wherewithal to keep abreast
of the growth of knowledge persistently requires continuing and expanding
resources.
The particular twist to this problem
at UBC has been the erstwhile dependence on outside research grants to
provide what was needed. In the heyday of federal funding of university
research that extended into the early
1970s, UBC more than held its own.
%     A.
w -!
With the decline in federal support
relative to inflation, and during the
interim period in which provincial
research support machineries have
been developing, UBC has had a hard
struggle to replace equipment as it
wears out or becomes obsolescent. (It
is worth remarking that UBC has also
relied on research grants to provide
funds for technicians and is conspicuously short of staff for technical jobs.)
Visitors remark
that wartime
huts are a
shocker
The third deficiency at UBC is concerned with buildings. The University
has a total of 5,404,593 square feet of
"space" in buildings. Huts that date
from post World War II still provide
174,724 sq. ft. of that total. No one
denies that the huts have a charm that
evokes fond memories, but more
pragmatically, small woodframe
buildings that are 40 years old are
hardly suitable for the pursuit of many
kinds of modern teaching and
research activities. Visitors to the campus from other universities seldom fail
to remark that the huts are a shocker.
It is to be remembered, also, that the
"temporary" buildings of the 1920s at
i.
<_K'
the "urban core" of the University are
still doing service, providing 504,159
sq. ft. of space. (For example, one of
these buildings is the Old Administration Building, another the
Auditorium, and a third the •
Mathematics Building.) The Main
Library, built partly in 1925 and partly in 1948 and 1960, contains 223,330
sq. ft. and requires extensive renovation or replacement to meet modern
building codes. These structures alone
— the army huts, the 1920s buildings,
and the Main Library — represent
almost a fifth of the University's total
space. Many other building needs
could be added to augment the obvious conclusion that UBC has major
deficiencies in physical plant.
To recapitulate, UBC grew rapidly
from 1950 to 1970, responding as was
appropriate for a primary provincial
university. In so doing, it developed
the usual structure of a constellation
of professional Schools and Faculties
surrounding a core of the traditional
disciplines of Arts and Science, linked
by common course work at the undergraduate level and by a Faculty of
Graduate Studies at the graduate level, all engaged in year-round activities
of teaching, research and community
involvement. Although the form of a
major university was achieved, there
were deficiencies in substance which
largely persist today. UBC needs to
consolidate its past if it is to be
prepared for the future.
UBC Reports/5 The Faculties
The University of British Columbia
enters the 1980s as a large and decentralized, multi-purpose institution of
higher education. Like its sister institutions in Canada, UBC has a single
winter session as the core of its academic year, with a summer session, a
spring session, and a continuing education program, plus a variety of extension activities filling in the full year
of activity. The winter student population at UBC is about 23,000; the
full year enrolment, including the
spring and summer session, is about
31,000. In the course of a year, the
total of those who come to the University for one kind of activity or another
is about 100,000.
The University is organized into 12
Faculties which embrace 114 Departments or Divisions (plus numerous informal divisions), 8 Schools, 5 Institutes, and 4 Centres. Thirty-nine
different degrees are awarded: 18
bachelor's, 16 master's, and 5 doctoral, and for most of these there are
many fields of specialization. The
Bachelor of Arts degree may be
awarded, for example, in many
disciplines, and so may the Bachelor
of Science. Within the better-
developed disciplinary areas or professional fields there are many
specialties, sufficient to provide what
almost amounts to Individual student
programs at the senior undergraduate
level, if options are chosen prudently.
At the graduate level, interdisciplinary programs that bridge
several Departments or Faculties may
be tailored for individual students.
This is the kind of potential diversification that is synonymous with excellence in higher education. It can
respond to a wide variety of demands
and provides that essential flexibility
that is the mark of any first rate institution. There is, as might be expected, substantial unevenness in the
strength and balance of the various
Departments and Faculties. Part of
this unevenness has an historical basis,
reflecting when things were started
and whether there was strong leader-
6/UBC Reports ship; but much of it relates to the
perceived necessity of gearing the size
of administrative units to the
enrolments of students, particularly
those of the winter session.
It is a formidable task to characterize the mission of UBC because the aspirations of the various administrative
units of the University are appropriately many and various. Academic
enterprises are most commonly generated from their grass roots, for that is
where the grasp of substance is strongest. The mission of the University
should be, in large measure, the aggregation of the missions of its constituent Faculties, which in turn
should be aggregates of the missions
of their Departments. To expect simplicity is unrealistic. For the smaller
Faculties, of course, such as Pharmaceutical Sciences, Forestry, or Law,
there can be a fairly cohesive and
unified presentation of their missions,
but for the larger administrative aggregations such as the Faculties of
Arts or Science, a statement of objectives must be relatively fine-grained to
be    informative.    The    professional
Schools also pose a particular problem of presentation. Though they
share many similar aspirations, the
Schools have come along one at a time
and have been provided with expedient administrative arrangements. At
UBC, as at many other universities,
they are not grouped together, and
some are not where they are by any
obvious logic. Thus, the Schools of
Nursing and Architecture are in the
Faculty of Applied Science; Social
Work, Librarianship and Home
Economics are in the Faculty of Arts;
Community and Regional Planning is
in the Faculty of Graduate Studies;
Rehabilitation Medicine is in the
Faculty of Medicine; and Physical
Education is in the Faculty of Education. The vigour of the Schools is not
apparently in any way impaired by
their organizational placement, but to
see them in aggregate as a kind of activity requires wide angled vision.
The statements of the missions and
objectives of the various Faculties,
and of the Library and the Computing Centre, together with a statement
on Continuing Education,  are given
in Part II. The Faculty statements are
grouped into
(1) Professional Faculties
■   (a)  Resources, Technology and Commerce
(Agricultural Sciences, Applied Science, Commerce and Business Administration, Forestry, Science)
(b) Health (Medicine,
Dentistry, Pharmaceutical
Sciences)
(c) Education
(d) Law
(2) Core Faculties
Arts, Science, Graduate
Studies
The common theme throughout
the statements is that the job is getting
done, but there is the need for
strengthening areas that were either
late getting started, or which have
assumed new importance in recent
years.
The PROFESSIONAL FACULTIES are all dedicated to the three
"complementary and indivisible"
types of activity; i.e., professional
education for students, , graduate
teaching and research related to their
social mission in the province, and
continuing education for practising
professionals. Each of the Faculties
has broader academic objectives including basic research, research on
problems of national and international concern, and preparation of students for research careers. Some of
the professions are more formally organized than others, and may require
that University programs be accredited to ensure an appropriate quality
of instruction. All are engaged in continuous interaction with the community in prompting an equally important professional development.
The RESOURCES, TECHNOLOGY AND COMMERCE FACULTIES have a number of linkages in
both teaching and research, and all
have a strong dependence on the core
of disciplines in the Faculties of
Science and Arts. The Faculties of
Agricultural Sciences, Forestry and
Applied Science all offer unique programs in the province, there being no
parallels at the other two universities
or at community colleges and provincial institutes.
AGRICULTURAL SCIENCES
today is far different from what it was
when the Faculty was founded 60-odd
years ago. Most of the change is related to the change in Agriculture
from a pastoral way of life to a high
technology business, with all that is
implied in growing, transporting and
marketing food. The major aim of the
Faculty is to keep abreast of the times,
stressing the need for sound education
coupled with awareness of contemporary trends. The Faculty is
stretched thinly and is seriously short
of space.
The same is true of FORESTRY,
which reflects the metamorphosis
from lumbering through to multiple
use of forested lands, and is similarly
UBC Reports/7 in need of more resources to adequately perform its role in teaching
and research to help ensure wise management and use of all our forest resources. Forestry, too, needs more
faculty, staff and space to do its job.
The FACULTY OF APPLIED
SCIENCE has a highly challenging
mission in an age of applied science.
Engineering has a number of roles to
perform. First and foremost, it must
provide the educational base on
which its graduates may enter the engineering profession and develop professional competence in their fields.
Second, it must maintain the vig-
ourous research program necessary if
instruction is to keep pace with technological advances. And third, it
must provide positive leadership in
developing industry in British Columbia through staff expertise and the
products of its research. The latter
role requires a continuing relationship with various levels of government, industry and business, and with
other post-secondary institutions, that
should lead to an increased productivity of existing industries and to the
creation of new research-and-devel-
opment-based industries. Particular
potential for such growth lies in those
fields related to energy, to process automation, and to micro-electronics
technology. One objective of the Faculty at the present time is the development of a Coal Laboratory for studies
into efficient methods for processing
and utilizing coal, one of the province's major energy resources. Another important primary resource is pulp
and paper, and here the Faculty will
develop its expertise in cooperation
with the already existing Pulp and Paper Research Institute of Canada.
Another objective perceived is a consolidated effort in control engineering, particularly in process control
and machine-tool technology, the latter an essential prerequisite to an
industrial economy almost totally
neglected in Canada.
But the paramount objective, one
necessary in any high-technology industry today, must be the acquisition
of the expertise and equipment
needed to take advantage of modern
micro-electronics. The Faculty will
develop a centre of excellence in this
field.
The principal objective of the
School of Architecture is to prepare
students for a career in Architecture
by providing an appropriate knowledge base, tools for personal growth
and development, experience in design synthesis, and exposure to the
range and diversity of architecture.
The School of Nursing has a three-
dimensional mission within the University. Its primary goal is to prepare
competent nursing practitioners at
both the baccalaureate and master's
levels. The second is to add to the
body of nursing knowledge, thereby
promoting the development of a scientific base for nursing practice. Its
third role is to assume leadership in
8/UBC Reports
promoting the use of nursing knowledge by those engaged in the practice
of nursing and in influencing the
quality of health care. In fulfilling its
mission, the School of Nursing collaborates with health care agencies and
colleagues in the health sciences, applied sciences and a variety of other
disciplines in the development of innovative approaches to the provision
of health care.
The FACULTY OF COMMERCE
AND BUSINESS ADMINISTRA
TION has grown, like most of its
North American counterparts, from
accounting to business management
to corporate policy considerations,
and is now much concerned with expanding its scope to include the analysis of public policy questions. The
Faculty interacts to an important degree with selected Departments of the
Faculty of Arts, the Faculty of
Science, as well as with many other
Departments and professional
Schools. The graduate program at the
Ph.D. level is already among the
largest in Canada, and the full-time
M.B.A. program is among the largest.
The future lies in further expansion,
for graduates of both programs are in
strong demand. There is a particular
need for new programs involving
broader approaches to administrative
studies.
The HEALTH-ORIENTED
FACULTIES, unique to UBC among
the universities of the province, all
have quota enrolments, reflecting
their capacity to provide high quality
instruction, and to provide an orderly
recruitment to the respective professions. Much of the emphasis has been
given in the past to the training of
practitioners, and by comparison with
some other universities, the graduate
student and research activities have
been relatively underdeveloped.
The FACULTY OF MEDICINE
received     $8,000,000     in     research
grants from external sources in 1978-
-79, which is a substantial level of support; but, bearing in mind the costs
of medical research, this is not a large
sum, and there is obviously plenty of
room for expanding research activities at UBC. A major concern of the
Faculty of Medicine at present is with
the expansion of the M.D. class up to
a doubling of its former size. Entailed
in this expansion are needs for more
faculty and staff, more space, and
substantial requirements for specialized equipment. At the same time, the
Faculty has recently taken over from
the hospitals the responsibilities for
the Residency Programs, and is
substantially involved in efforts to
establish a sound basis for medical
manppwer planning.
The Faculty of Medicine includes
the School of Rehabilitation Medicine, ' which accommodates 40 students per year in a joint program in
physiotherapy and occupational therapy. There is a shortage of these specialists in British Columbia, and there
is a prospect for expansion. The
School should also develop graduate
programs and research capabilities.
The FACULTY OF DENTISTRY
is not planning an expansion of its
D.M.D. program, but is especially
concerned with developing graduate
work. To this end, the first postgraduate students for specialty training in
Periodontics have been registered. It
is envisaged that a B.Sc. program will
be introduced in Dental Hygiene in
order to train teachers for the community colleges of British Columbia.
The Faculty is expanding responsibilities for treatment, research and
teaching in the affiliated hospitals of
the University of British Columbia,
and it is hoped that residency training
programs will be initiated.
The FACULTY OF PHARMACEUTICAL SCIENCES also does
not anticipate early expansion of its
undergraduate program, but places
emphasis for the future on more graduate work, residency programs, and
continuing education of professionals.
The main point for Pharmaceutical
Sciences is the necessity for more
depth and breadth with more stress on
clinical aspects. Additional faculty,
particularly joint appointments with
hospitals, are a high priority.
The FACULTY OF EDUCATION is the major source of teachers
for British Columbia schools, and a
major contributor to continuing education for educators. Over the past
decade, the role of the Faculty has
matured. Though about a half of
British Columbia teachers are still recruited from outside the province, the
greater need has been for advanced
and specialized training. Hence, the
Faculty now proposes to restrict enrolment at the undergraduate level and
to expand graduate programs. For
the undergraduates, it is proposed to
break existing programs into smaller
units to widen the choice of options,
and to better integrate theory and
practical experience. At the graduate level, the M.Ed, program is presentl)
quite large, reflecting a strong demand for higher qualifications from
the large group of teaching professionals in the elementary and secondary schools of the province. The
Ed.D. program should be enlarged
and a Ph.D. program added in some
subject areas. As part of the broader
service activities of the Faculty, there
is also the need to expand substantially the professional development programs, but this can only be done with
greater resources. Redeployment of
existing resources seems the word to
describe the short term future for the
Faculty of Education.
The School of Physical Education
has a major service function for students, faculty and the community,
and in the current wave of enthusiasm
for things physical, is a burgeoning
enterprise. Development of the existing programs, addition of a Ph.D.
program and of a part-time M.A.
program, plus expansion of facilities
and the recreational services program, will require major new resources.
The FACULTY OF LAW is giving
priority   to   three   concurrent   objec
tives. Fiist, aftei a time of lapid
growth that made it one of Canada's
largest law schools, it seeks to consolidate and develop existing programs.
During the expansion period a few
years ago the student enrolment
quickly reached the planned maximum leve1. However, the number of
full time faculty still remains well
below the planned complement, and
the resulting unsatisfactory faculty/-
studem ratio continues to be a serious
handicap.
A second broad objective is to
achieve greater integration of conceptual and applied approaches to legal
education. Some important recent initiatives in this direction include the
clinical offerings, professionally oriented courses in areas such as counselling and advocacy, and instruction in
law and computers.
Third, the law school seeks to develop programs responsive to national
and provincial needs and priorities.
Two examples of current initiatives in
this category are the proposals for a
Health Law program and a Japanese
Law program. The former, to be developed with the cooperation of the
Facultv of Medicine, would be con
cerned with the law relating to the
quality and delivery of health care in
British Columbia. The latter, which
would become the first Japanese law
program to be established in Canada,
reflects the growing economic importance of relations with Japan for Canada generally and for British Columbia in particular.
In short, the Faculty of Law is overloaded with responsibilities and reinforcement is needed, especially if
there is to be a graduate program of
size and substance. More faculty,
more staff, and more library resources
are required if the Faculty is to
achieve provincial adequacy and national stature.
The CORE FACULTIES are Arts,
Science, and Graduate Studies. Arts
and Science are the core of the University in almost every sense. They share
the responsibility of maintaining the
University's strengths in the various
basic disciplines into which knowledge
is divided. In each of these subject
areas it is expected that a good
Department should be able to present
its discipline in depth, make contributions to the common heritage of
knowledge and understanding, and
provide substantial instruction in
basic subjects for students in professional Faculties, particularly at the
undergraduate level. At the graduate
level, the Faculty of Graduate Studies
spans the University, ensuring a common standard of advanced studies.
The FACULTY OF ARTS is faced
with buoyant enrolments in its traditional disciplines in the humanities
and social sciences. This has been the
case in recent years despite considerable publicity in the press and elsewhere that has questioned the value of
the general B.A. degree in terms of
the employability of Arts graduates.
The Faculty has strong graduate programs in many fields, both at the
master's and doctoral level. The number of doctoral students in most programs has reflected the decline in
demand for post-secondary teachers.
Some master's programs, on the other
hand, have recently, expanded in response to demand for their graduates.
In areas where enrolments are stable,
or even declining, the emphasis in the
short term is being placed on the further development and improved
quality of existing programs.
In addition to a few new programs
in the humanities, social sciences, and
professional Schools in the Faculty,
the major development urged by the
Dean is increased emphasis on the
creative and performing arts. It is the
Dean's view that substantial development of the creative and performing
arts is justified by the developing market for graduates, by the lost opportunity to develop these programs in the
1960s when enrolments and finances
were generally buoyant, and by national priorities emphasizing the promotion of arts in Canada and the
training of Canadian artists. The proposed developments in the creative
UBC Reports/9 and performing arts involve substantial emphasis on "quasi-professional"
training for performance. The addition of several new Faculty members is
essential to these plans.
Other than the creative and performing arts, where a number of
program initiatives at both the undergraduate and graduate level is
underway, new programs requiring
additional faculty are, at the present
time, restricted to a master's program
in Archival Studies to be offered jointly by the School of Librarianship and
the Department of History, and a
Master of Arts program in Family
Sciences to be given by the School of
Home Economics. There are, in addition to these new programs that require new Faculty members, areas
such as Climatology, Music and Children's Literature that require additional faculty in order to meet the
demand for graduates and handle existing enrolments.
The FACULTY OF SCIENCE, al
most predictably, places strong emphasis on graduate studies and
research in pure science, which is the
basis for much of the character of
contemporary society, and from
which there is a demonstrable flow of
applications to the benefit of mankind. The University of British Columbia has strong science Departments that substantially bolster the
professional Faculties in which science
is a component. Looking to the future, the Faculty of Science particularly stresses the importance of
Computer Science, Oceanography
(recently transferred from Graduate
Studies), laser technology (in Chemistry and Physics), and coal geology
(in Geological Sciences). At a more
detailed level, there are many particular needs, reflecting the advance of
scientific knowledge across a broad
front. Aggregating Departmental
needs, the Faculty of Science has
many requirements for new faculty,
10/UBC Reports
staff, and a substantial amount of
new space.
The FACULTY OF GRADUATE
STUDIES is University-wide in scope
and has a threefold role. It is concerned with academic policy for graduate work in all disciplines; it has administrative responsibility for graduate programs and graduate students;
and it has budget responsibility for a
small constellation of Institutes and
Centres in which research is a major
activity, plus the School of Community and Regional Planning. The Faculty is a logical administrative home for
innovative programs, especially of an
interdisciplinary nature, that may begin at the graduate level and subsequently be woven into the fabric of
the University. Oceanography, which
recently became a Department in the
Faculty of Science, is a good example.
There is no shortage of ideas for Institutes and Centres, a current proposal
being for a Centre for Gerontology
(Aging).
The Faculty has as a sustained objective, the maintenance of a high
quality of graduate work, which implies careful attention to admissions,
student programs and examinations.
With 3,000+ graduate students each,
the Universities of British Columbia
and Alberta share the largest graduate enrolments in western Canada.
The growth of the graduate student
enrolment is critically dependent on
financial support structures. Scholarships and teaching assistantships are
helpful, but the costs of doing research are at present limiting the
numbers of students in many disciplines.
All of the foregoing underlines the
main theme of this report — UBC is a
good university, but as a major university it is conspicuously lean. There
is much still to be filled out. It is accordingly difficult to respond adequately to new circumstances without
new resources.
Some
Social
Trends
In the next decade there are at least
three well-identified social trends that
will condition much of the public attitude, and much of the planning for
universities.
First and most immediate is the
aftermath of the population explosion. Almost world wide, age distributions are reflecting declining birth
rates and declining death rates. This
will mean that, for at least the next
two decades, the average age of the
populace will increase. The conventional university concerns are that
enrolments of young people may
decline unless a larger proportion of
high school graduates go to university;
graduate enrolments may diminish
unless a larger proportion of
undergraduates carries on to the
higher levels of education. Universities, it is said, will be under heavy
pressure to reduce their budgets as
enrolments decline.
There are some observations to be
made about this state of affairs. It is
likely that concerns about enrolment
will be tempered substantially by the
demands for more sophistication in
the job market. The expectation has
be»n and will be that the employment
rate for university graduates is higher
than for non-graduates: education
will always have currency in society.
At the present time, the only way to
qualify for many jobs is with a master's degree. In future, this will be a
more common requirement in more
fields. Additionally, it is by no means
safe to assume that all universities will
be equally affected. The population is
increasingly mobile on provincial, national and international levels. The
universities that offer the best credentials will have least reason for worry
about enrolment. Universities that reduce their standards to maintain enrolment will find, in the long run,
that it is "counter-productive". Moreover, it should not be assumed that
the job market is as keen on job training below the university level as students (and their parents) might have us believe. The best potential employee has an education, not a set of increasingly obsolescent skills. Finally,
in British Columbia "participation
rates" in higher education are substantially lower than in other parts of
Canada; and in Canada they are generally lower than in the United States,
clearly implying that if participation
rates in British Columbia were to
move closer to the norm, the provincial universities might grow substantially despite the demographic trend.
Fallout from
knowledge
explosion about
due to happen
Second in the trends of today is the
application of many of the scientific
findings of the 1960s and 1970s to a
multitude of problems. The "fallout
from the knowledge explosion" is just
about due to happen. This will place
strong pressures on universities to produce graduates who can keep Canada
in at least some events in the "international technological Olympics". The
federal and provincial governments
have already launched some rhetorical initiatives about the importance of
R&D to the economy. It has already
been foreseen that, if Canada is to
achieve its avowed goal of R&D expenditure in relation to the GNP, it
will be necessary to increase substantially the present rate of production of
highly-qualified manpower. Indeed,
to be ready for the mid-1980s, steps
should be taken now to encourage
students to embark on science and
technology career patterns. Similar
arguments can be applied to the
whole set of health sciences. Almost
suddenly, it seems, there is much
more understanding of how to diagnose this and to cure that, and since
everyone wants the best and most up-
to-date treatment, there are strong
pressures for more doctors, dentists,
pharmaceutical experts, and a variety
of paramedical specialists. This trend
can be generalized to the strong pressures from the commercial and government sectors for business and
public policy specialists. For a country
like Canada, there is a particular and
rapidly growing need for natural resource specialists in both the natural
and social science disciplines.
The advances of technology will demand the exposure of students to the
most up-to-date developments in their
university education if they are not to
be technically inadequate, however
learned, when they graduate. In the
circumstances of rapid technological
change, there will be strong demands
for re-education. While one university
education should still be enough for a
lifetime,   continuing  education  will
become even more essential than it is
today for first class professionalism.
And first class professionals will be
looking for first class continuing
education.
The third major contemporary
trend is the accelerating impact of
technology on society. In a multitude
of ways, people find that with the fast
changes in how things are done, their
lives are changed. The current word
processing revolution is a small example. Another could be the advent to
"pay for what you want to see" television, where the choices range from
what is in today's London Times to
Mother Goose. Also to be considered:
the switchover in energy sources in the
next two decades; the developing
water shortages of the United States'
southwest, with all their implications,
particularly for the Pacific northwest;
the global monetary crises which always seem to be just on the horizon;
the diversification, massiveness and
cumulative nature of environmental
impacts caused by more people using
more technology.
These and dozens of other examples all contribute to the expectation for profound disturbance of the
status quo. Technological change has
been, and will be, a major factor in
what could be called the social disorientation of our times. People "don't
know what to think these days". There
is   a   prevalent   ambivalence   about
what is of value. Coupled with this
moral and ethical uncertainty, there
is the increasing prospect of more
leisure time — spare days that may be
taken up with self-indulgence, socia.l
mischief, or constructive creativity. In,
this sea of alternatives, the humanities •
and creative arts have much to offer,
in the way of insight and inspiration.
In responding to technological
change, it will be important to remember the need for evaluating and
explaining the nature of social
change. As a reservoir of knowledge
of the human condition, a university
is an invaluable source of social commentary.
There are many other implications
of the accelerating pace of events today. As a further consequence to technology, the world has become much
more interactive, and with the growth
of communications of all kinds, has
become much more complex. The
growth in numbers of Statutes to cope
with these changes is staggering, and
systems of jurisprudence are under
stress as never before. There are challenges to all levels of the educational
system, and even greater challenges
for those charged with educating tomorrow's educators. We live at a time
when the intellectual plane of society
is potentially on the way up, and if the
opportunity can be seized, the cultural, social and material rewards can
be immense. It is a good time for self
assessment.
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^ir'y^yA\K'- -  v.
The Mission
12/UBC Reports
Young men and women between
the ages of 18 and 24 are society's
most important and treasured resource. Their education is a matter of
the greatest practical importance if
the province and the nation are to
compete successfully in an increasingly interdependent and technological
world. Indeed, it is from the recognition of this fundamental truth that society at large derives its commitment
to the provision of the resources necessary for higher education. The mission of UBC, like that of all first class
universities, is to serve society by providing the best environment it can in
which to nurture and stimulate the
native intellectual capacity, curiosity
and creativity of its students; and, to
do this in such a way as to foster the
development of Canadian culture. In
the process of educating its students,
the University community, through its
research and scholarship, provides intellectual leadership for society; from
the ranks of its graduates it also provides society with leaders in all fields
of endeavour. No other institution devised by humans can claim a mission
which entails such grave responsibilities as those which devolve upon the
University; no other institutions have
such profound long term effects on
the future of society. The University
meets these responsibilities by providing :
(1) education of high quality for
undergraduate and graduate students of the performing and creative arts, in the humanities, the
social sciences, the earth sciences, the life sciences, the mathematical sciences and the physical sciences, and also for students
in the wide range of professions
that are essential for maintaining
the fabric of society;
(2) new knowledge through research
and scholarship and the application of new knowledge in the professions ;
(3) a wide array of programs in
continuing   education   for   the general public and for the professions ;
(4)   a   reservoir   of   knowledge   and
expertise  which  is  available   to
government and to industry.
Only society itself can ensure that
the University is provided with the resources required to achieve excellence
in the discharge of these responsibilities. There is, unfortunately, no easy
and inexpensive road to excellence in
the academic endeavour, which can
only be neglected at the certain risk of
curtailing   society's   options   in   the
future.
In order to meet the needs of society
the University must provide for an appropriate distribution of undergraduates among the core disciplines in all
the liberal arts and sciences as well as
in the professional Faculties. The importance of the professional Faculties
to society has been recognized at UBC
since the University's inception in
1915; their strength is underpinned
and reinforced by the strength of the
Departments in the core disciplines of
the Arts and Sciences. The various
Faculties and Departments are interdependent both in their objectives
and in their operations and the whole
is greater than the sum of its parts.
The full-time day undergraduate student is no longer the sole focus of the
University's undergraduate programs.
The number of part-time students is
increasing and the University is committed to providing appropriate opportunities for those who are qualified
to complete their degrees on a part-
time basis.
Graduate studies can only be developed on the foundation of strong undergraduate programs. The existence
of graduate programs and research in
turn stimulates and reinforces undergraduate programs. Graduate studies
and research at UBC must be encouraged and strengthened in order to
meet provincial and national needs in
the years ahead. The University must
continue to conduct research of the
highest quality. There is widespread
agreement that Canada is suffering
and will continue to suffer from a failure to support and conduct research
and development at an adequate level
during the past decade. One of the
most disturbing features of this trend
has been the decline in the purchasing
power of research grants to the Canadian universities. (See Science Council of Canada, Annual Report 1978-
-79, June, 1979.) This has occurred in
spite of the fact that the long term
benefits of research and scholarship to
society are recognized across the nation. The debate is no longer whether
to increase research funding, but by
how much and in what fields. UBC
must obtain vastly increased funding
for research and development if it is
to become the leader that it has the
potential to be among Canadian university research communities.
During the past four years the
University has greatly increased its ef
forts to provide for the continuing education of the general public and the
professions. Increasingly, it has been
called upon to provide expert advice
in many areas of knowledge, particularly to governments in relation to
provincial and national priorities.
Thus senior members of the faculty
serve on such bodies as the Economic
Council of Canada, the Science Council of Canada, the Science Council of
British Columbia, the Medical Research Council of Canada, the National Research Council of Canada,
the Natural Sciences and Engineering
Research Council of Canada and the
Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council of Canada. These activities in continuing education and
public service form an integral part of
the University's mission. They represent a tangible and direct aspect of
UBC's many roles in serving society
and will be vigourously pursued.
In fulfilling the responsibilities entailed by its mission, the University
will ensure
(1) that high entrance requirements
are maintained for all students;
(2) that every effort is made to
recruit and develop faculty of the
highest quality;
(3) that there are continuing reviews
of Departments, Schools and
Faculties in order to maintain excellence in all academic programs.
In fulfilling the mission in the coming decade the University will also be
guided by the goals and objectives
described in the following section of
this statement.
Goals and
Objectives
Given that UBC's mission in broad
terms is to serve society by providing
for the intellectual development of its
students, providing intellectual leadership for society and contributing to
and encouraging the development of
Canadian culture, what should UBC's
goals and objectives be?
Setting goals for UBC can be undertaken in three contexts: provincial, national, and international. At the
provincial level, on the basis of the
numbers of undergraduate and graduate students, and the level of
research funding, UBC is by far the
largest university operation. It is the
home for many professional Faculties
and Schools, for which there are no
comparable offerings in the province.
The Health Sciences Centre is on the
verge of becoming a major Canadian
educational facility for the whole
complex of health-related disciplines
UBC is the logical institution to un
dertake the most advanced and so
phisticated work of higher education
By national and international stan
dards, UBC is not yet a large graduate
and research university, ranking third
in Canada behind Toronto and McGill, at a level only marginally different from that of the University of
Alberta and the University of Montreal. In 1979, UB6 is close to the level
of graduate student enrolment that
was once envisioned for the early
1970s. The decade of the '70s has
largely been devoted to diversification
of undergraduate and graduate offerings which provide a more stable base
for growth in the future. In short,
UBC seems now to have developed the
reputation outside and the infrastructure inside from which to achieve national and international stature as a
university in the next decade or two.
In terms of size and resources, it is
useful to compare UBC to the University of Washington, its counterpart in
a larger but similar educational system. Enrolment at the University of
Washington is 36,249 in total; there
are 9,168 graduate and professional
UBC Reports/13 students (i.e., including medicine,
dentistry and law students), research
grants in 1978 totalled $96 million,
and contracts $41 million. In brief,
our nearest large neighbour university
has about 50% more students, 200%
more graduate students, 500% more
research funding, and 3,000% more
contract funding.
In the circumstances that (1) UBC
is the largest graduate school and research university in the province, but
(2) is as yet a long way from being a
world class university, and (3) the
next decade will see strong demands
for professional and graduate training, it is clear that as a first goal UBC
should make major efforts to expand
its senior undergraduate and advanced professional and graduate
work.
The greatest danger in growth for
the sake of growth is the risk of lowering standards to achieve what is seen
to be a better size. Fortunately, UBC
has consistently encouraged higher
standards of admission, and is currently again raising the requirements
for freshman entry. The importance
of literacy and mathematical skills
cannot    be   underestimated.    There
14/UBC Reports
would appear to be a decline in these
skills that has alarmed many
educators for several years. It is
crucial that the University should do
what it can to help reverse this trend,
and one of the best things it can do is
to set an example by insisting on high
standards. It is equally important to
avoid the temptations to offer trivial
optional courses for the non-specialist
and frivolous cafeteria style degree
programs that eventually leave the
student disenchanted with higher
education. At the graduate level, a
lowering of standards can happen
almost invisibly. For example, at UBC
most of the relatively strong Departments only accept graduate students
who have first class average standing
which is well above the minimum requirement. A lowering of Departmental thresholds would not involve any
change in formal admission requirements. Similarly, the standards
for establishing grades in graduate
courses and for evaluation of theses
are difficult to assess, maintain, and
improve. Excellence at the graduate
level is only achieved by a "high
grading" of applications for admission
and constant referral to external
sources of criticism.  A second goal
must be to attain and maintain excellence.
A third goal for UBC centres on the
word "balance", for it is not sufficient
to grow and to stress excellence if, in
the process, the University becomes
lopsided. There are many factors to
be considered. The strength of UBC
in professional fields is crucially dependent on the strengths in the core
Faculties. None of the professional
Schools would be viable institutions if
they were separated from the University. The whole character of professional training is coloured not only by
its extensive dependence on the
courses that are taken in the other
parts of the University, but also by the
daily interaction of the faculty in a
wide variety of academic activities. It
is equally relevant to observe that the
research thrusts in the core academic
Faculties are strongly influenced by
the contacts with the professional
Schools. It is accordingly important to
assure that the growth of the University maintains an appropriate balance
between the core Faculties and the
professional Faculties. Within Faculties there are similar considerations of
balance among subject areas or disciplines. A Faculty of Science cannot
consist of a Department of Geology
and little else, just as a Faculty of Forestry cannot be restricted to wood
chemistry. The responsibilities of the
University to the community it serves
demand a balanced growth.
Balanced growth
to ensure
service to
the community
Somewhat similar observations may
be made about balancing the age
structure of a university. As all university professors know, it is one of the
major satisfactions of the job to watch
the maturing process from freshman
entry to graduation. Students get the
bt_t undergraduate education at a
university where there are graduate
students working in an exciting
research atmosphere. Conversely,
graduate work is best done in an environment that requires the systematic
review of the discipline in its presentation to novices.
The question of age structure does
not end with consideration of students, but extends with equal force to
the faculty. Young professors get
ideas; older professors know which
are good ideas. The success of any university department requires a steady
infusion of new young professional recruits. To recapitulate, a third goal
for UBC should be balanced growth
to ensure a comprehensive and sustained capacity to serve the community as an outstanding institution of
higher learning. With these goals, some realistic, objectives for UBC to achieve by 1990
are:
A. Improvement of Academic
Programs
(1) To strengthen existing programs
in areas of critical importance to
the province and in critical areas
of current weakness.
(2) To continue to improve UBC's
programs to meet the province's
growing need for qualified manpower and research in the major
resource areas, viz: agriculture,
engineering, energy, fisheries,,
and forestry.
(3) To continue to improve UBC's
programs to meet the increasing
requirements for qualified manpower and research of the province's commercial and business
activities by expanding the
M.B..A. and Ph.D. programs in
the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration.
(4) To expand programs in the
health sciences in order to
(i) increase the number of
health care professionals;
(ii) foster the team approach to
health care;
(iii) foster affiliation agreements
with the teaching hospitals and
thus improve health education
and health care.
(5) To develop new programs which
are responsive to social needs.
(i) The University should capitalize on its position as a Pacific
Rim university by encouraging
teaching and research which will
foster increased understanding
and associations with Asian
countries and their universities.
Current planning in the Faculty
of Law for a program in Japanese
Law reflects this objective,
(ii) The new program for the degree of Bachelor of Landscape
Architecture is an example of the
University's response to a more
local need.
B. Increased Graduate Studies and
Research
(6) To achieve a graduate student
enrolment of at least 6,000 students, using present or higher
criteria for admission and performance. This provision relates to
the provision of highly qualified
manpower.
(7) To achieve a total level of
research funding of at least $50
million per annum (1978 dollars) .
(8) To foster cooperation between
University researchers and those
in business, industry and government. The initiation of a Discovery Park on campus is a first step
in this direction.
C. Maintenance of Library
Resources and Computing
Centre
(9) To maintain and expand the
collections and resources of the
(OUNSBLU
Library in order to provide the
best possible support for the
University's academic programs,
scholarship and research. UBC's
library system is a major provincial and national resource which
is called upon daily to meet the
needs of a wide range of people
outside the University, particularly in the professions, other educational institutions, industry
and government. It is essential
that the quality of the Library's
collection and service not be
eroded. The objective is therefore to fund the Library on a
basis which is not tied to student
enrolment.
(10) To maintain and keep UBC's
outstanding Computing Centre
up to date to meet the teaching
and research needs of the University community.
D. Improved Student Accessibility,
Counselling and Part-Time
Degree Completion
(ll)To encourage an increase in the
percentage of students aged 18 to
24 years who attend post-second-
dary institutions. This age group
accounts for 80% of all post-secondary students in B.C. but the
percentage of this group who attend post-secondary institutions
(i.e., the so-called participation
rate) is only 15.6% compared to
19.8% for Canada as a whole.
B.C. ranks sixth among the provinces with respect to the participation   rate.   This   is   an   acute
problem for the province and the
objective must be to raise the
participation at least to the national average of 19.8% by 1990.
(12) To achieve the resources to
permit all deserving and qualified students to attend University, so that none are excluded
solely because they lack the necessary funds. The University
would be failing in its responsibility if it were to accept any
lesser aim.
(13) To strengthen UBC's academic
and career counselling services in
order to assist students in selecting and achieving their educational and professional goals.
The University recently completed a wide review of services
provided to students. The objective was to devise more effective
ways of delivering existing services and to receive suggestions
for the provision of new services.
It is planned to implement the
major recommendations of this
review.
(14) To expand the opportunities for
degree completion to qualified
third and fourth year part-time
students and to "stop-outs".
An important feature of UBC's
percentage number of part-time
students has risen from 16.8 to
21.1. The trend toward part-
time study will accelerate in the
years ahead and students must be
provided with the opportunity to
combine work experience with
higher education.
E. Expanded Continuing Education
and Non-University Use of
Facilities
(15) To expand continuing education
programs for the general public
and, in cooperation with professional associations, to increase
opportunities for continuing education for the professions. The
University believes that all such
programs are of great importance to the public and the professions.
(16) To continue to render direct
service to the public by providing
non-University users with access
to the Library, the Computing
Centre, the Museum of Anthropology, the Botanical Garden,
the research forest at Haney and
the University's attached facilities. The objective is to provide
the general public with opportunities to participate in University programs and to develop
active interfaces with the University.
F. Cooperation with other
Provincial Universities
(17)To cooperate with the other
provincial universities to avoid
costly and unnecessary duplication of professional facilities and
advanced research. The overex-
pansion of the university system
which took place in other juris-
UBC Reports/15 dictions should be avoided in
B.C.
In large measure the 10 objectives
listed under A, B and C above are related, because the same people do the
work of undergraduate teaching,
graduate instruction and research;
and they require first class library and
computing resources. Moreover graduate student support is strongly related to research funding. The first 10
objectives can be pursued most effectively in an academic environment
that provides facilities, administrative
support and encouragement. At present the academic environment at
UBC might be described as only
moderately good, even though it is
probably the best in Canada, with
substantial capacities for further
development.
UBC has potential
to be dominant
university in
western Canada
It is the prevailing belief at UBC
that the University is just approaching
maturity as a world class institution.
Many Faculty members have received
national and international recognition. Many Departments are widely
recognized for their particular research strengths. The University
bristles with ideas, and there are
many enthusiasms for new and exciting ventures. The Health Sciences
Centre is on the verge of being a major Canadian concentration for the
whole complex of health-related disciplines, enviable for the facilities of the
new hospitals for teaching and research, and the fine coordination of
functions and activities. The current
discussions concerning a research
park on the south campus of the University are an encouraging sign that
British Columbia is ready to join the
club of high-technology centres of the
world, albeit as a relatively junior
participant at first. With the geographic advantages of being on the Pacific Rim, and a pleasant part of it at
that, B.C. has a substantial potential
to develop in which the University
should and will play an important
role. These are bright prospects.
At the same time, it is obvious that
there are some areas of weakness, and
a limitation in resources with which to
build. In many respects, UBC shows
the unevenness of development that
comes with rapid growth on limited
budgets. Given sufficient funds in the
next decade, UBC could adequately
perform its role as the primary institution of research and graduate work in
the province, and has the potential to
become the dominant institution of
higher learning in western Canada.
16/UBC Reports Wayson Choy
When Grandmama died at 83 our
whole household held its breath.
She had promised us a sign of her
leaving, final proof that her present life
had ended well. My parents knew that
without any clear sign, our own family
fortunes could be altered, threatened. My
stepmother looked endlessly into the
small cluttered room the ancient lady had
occupied. Nothing was touched; nothing
changed. My father, thinking that a sign
should appear in Grandmama's garden,
looked at the frost-killed shoots and
cringed: no, that could not be it.
My two older teenage brothers and my
sister, Liang, age 14, were embarrassed
by my parents' behavior. What would all
the white people in Vancouver think of
us? We were Canadians now, Chinese-
Canadians, a hyphenated reality that my
parents could never accept. So it seemed,
for different reasons, we all held our
breath waiting for something.
I was eight when she died. For days she
had resisted going into the hospital ... a
cold, just a cold . . . and instead gave constant instruction to my stepmother and
sister on the boiling of ginseng roots
mixed with bitter extract. At night, between wracking coughs and deadly silences, Grandmama had her back and
The
Jade
Peony
chest rubbed with heated camphor oil and
sipped a bluish decoction of an herb called
Peacock's Tail. When all these failed to
abate her fever, she began to arrange the
details of her will. This she did with my
father, confessing finally: "I am too stubborn. The only cure for old age is to die."
My father wept to hear this. I stood
beside her bed; she turned to me. Her
round face looked darker, and the gentleness of her eyes, the thin, arching eyebrows, seemed weary. I brushed the few
strands of gray, brittle hair from her face;
she managed to smile at me. Being the
youngest, I had spent nearly all my time
with her and could not imagine that we
would ever be parted. Yet when she
spoke, and her voice hesitated, cracked,
the sombre shadows of her room chilled
me. Her wrinkled brow grew wet with
fever, and her small body seemed even
more diminutive.
"I — I am going to the hospital, Grandson." Her hand reached out for mine.
"You know, Little Son, whatever happens
I will never leave you." Her palm felt
plush and warm, the slender, old fingers
boney and firm, so magically strong was
her grip that I could not imagine how she
could ever part from me. Ever.
Her hands we re magical. My most vivid
memories are of her hands: long, elegant
fingers, with impeccable nails, a skein of
fine, barely-seen veins, and wrinkled skin
like light pine. Those hands were quick
when she taught me, at six, simple tricks
of juggling, learnt when she was a village
girl in Southern Canton; a troupe of actors
had stayed on her father's farm. One of
them, "tall and pale as the whiteness of
petals," fell in love with her, promising to
Chronicle/U7in!.r 1979   17 return. In her last years his image came
back like a third being in our two lives. He
had been magician, acrobat, juggler, and
some of the things he taught her she had
absorbed and passed on to me through her
stories and games. But above all, without
realizing it then, her hands conveyed to
me the quality of their love.
Most marvellous for me was the
quick-witted skill her hands revealed in
making windchimes for our birthdays:
windchimes in the likeness of her lost
friend's only present to her, made of bits
of string and scraps, in the centre of which
once hung a precious jade peony. This
wondrous gift to her broke apart years
ago, in China, but Grandmama kept the
jade pendant in a tiny red silk envelope,
and kept it always in her pocket, until her
death.
These were not ordinary, carelessly
made chimes, such as those you now find
in our Chinatown stores, whose rattling
noises drive you mad. But making her
special ones caused dissension in our family, and some shame. Each one that she
made was created from a treasure trove of
glass fragments and castaway costume
jewellery, in the same way that her first
windchime had been made. The problem
for the rest of the family was in the fact
that Grandmama looked for these treasures wandering the back alleys of Keefer
and Pender Streets, peering into our
neighbors' garbage cans, chasing away
hungry, nervous cats and shouting curses
at them.
"All our friends are laughing at us!"
Older Brother Jung said at last to my
father, when Grandmama was away having tea at Mrs. Lim's.
"We are not poor," Oldest Brother
Kiam declared, "yet she and Sek-Lung
poke through those awful things as if —"
he shoved me in frustration and I stumbled against my sister, "— they were beggars!"
"She will make Little Brother crazy!"
Sister Liang said. Without warning, she
punched me sharply in the back; I
jumped. "You see, look how nervous he
is!"
I lifted my foot slightly, enough to
swing it back and kick Liang in the shin.
She yelled and pulled back her fist to
punch me again. Jung made a menacing
move towards me.
"Stop this, all of you!" My father shook
his head in exasperation. How could he
dare tell the Grand Old One, his aging
mother, that what was somehow appropriate in a poor village in China, was an
abomination here. How could he prevent
me, his youngest, from accompanying
her? If she went walking into those alleyways alone she could well be attacked by
hoodlums. "She is not a beggar looking
for food. She is searching for — for "
My stepmother attempted to speak,
then fell silent. She, too, seemed
perplexed and somewhat ashamed. They
all loved Grandmama, but she was incon-
18 Chronicle/Wi»«r 1979
venient, unsettling.
As for our neighbors, most understood
Grandmama to be harmlessly crazy,
others that she did indeed make lovely
toys but for what purpose? Why? they
asked, and the stories she told me, of the
juggler who smiled at her, flashed in my
head.
Finally, by their cutting remarks, the
family did exert enough pressure so that
Grandmama and I no longer openly announced our expeditions. Instead, she
took me with her on "shopping trips,"
ostensibly for clothes or groceries, while
in fact we spent most of our time exploring
stranger and more distant neighborhoods,
searching for splendid junk: jangling
pieces of a vase, cranberry glass fragments
embossed with leaves, discarded glass
beads from Woolworth necklaces .... We
would sneak them all home in brown rice
sacks, folded into small parcels, and put
them under her bed. During the day when
the family was away at school or work, we
brought them out and washed every item
in a large black pot of boiling lye and
water, dried them quickly, carefully, and
returned them, sparkling, under her bed.
Our greatest excitement occurred when
a fire gutted the large Chinese Presbyterian Church, three blocks from our house.
Over the still-smoking ruins the next day,
Grandmama and I rushed precariously
over the blackened beams to pick out the
stained glass that glittered in the sunlight.
Small figure bent over, wrapped against
the autumn cold in a dark blue quilted
coat, happily gathering each piece like
gold, she became my spiritual playmate:
"There's a good one! There!"
Hours later, soot-covered and smelling
of smoke, we came home with a Safeway
carton full of delicate fragments, still early
enough to steal them all into the house and
put the small box under her bed. "These
are special pieces," she said, giving the
box a last push, "because they come from
a sacred place." She slowly got up and I
saw, for the first time, her hand begin to
shake. But then, in her joy, she embraced
me. Both of our hearts were racing, as if
we were two dreamers. I buried my face in
her blue quilt, and for a moment, the
whole world seemed silent.
"My juggler," she said, "he never came
back to me from Honan . . . perhaps the
famine . . . ." Her voice began to quake.
"But I shall have my sacred windchime
... I shall have it again."
One evening, when the family was
gathered in their usual places in the parlor, Grandmama gave me her secret nod: a
slight wink of her eye and a flaring of her
nostrils. There was trouble in the air. Supper had gone badly, school examinations
were due, father had failed to meet an
editorial deadline at the Vancouver Chinese
Times. A huge sigh came from Sister
Liang.
"But it is useless this Chinese they teach
you!" she lamented, turning to Stepmother for support.  Silence.  Liang
frowned, dejected, and went back to her
Chinese book, bending the covers back.
"Father," Oldest Brother Kiam began,
waving his bamboo brush in the air, "you
must realize that this Mandarin only confuses us. We are Cantonese speakers ...."
"And you do not complain about Latin,
French or German in your English
school?" Father rattled his newspaper, a
signal that his patience was ending.
"But, Father, those languages are scientific," Kiam jabbed his brush in the air.
"We are now in a scientific, logical
world."
Father was silent. We could all hear
Grandmama's rocker.
"What about Sek-Lung?" Older
Brother Jung pointed angrily at me. "He
was sick last year, but this year he should
have at least started Chinese school, instead of picking over garbage cans!"
"He starts next year," Father said, in a
hard tone that immediately warned
everyone to be silent. Liang slammed her
book.
Grandmama went on rocking quietly in
her chair. She complimented my mother
on her knitting, made a remark about the
"strong beauty" of Kiam's brushstrokes
which, in spite of himself, immensely
pleased him. All this babbling noise was
her family torn and confused in a strange
land: everything here was so very foreign
and scientific.
The truth was, I was sorry not to have
started school the year before. In my innocence I had imagined going to school
meant certain privileges worthy of all my
brothers' and sister's complaints. The fact
that my lung infection in my fifth and
sixth years, mistakenly diagnosed as TB,
earned me some reprieve, only made me
long for school the more. Each member of
the family took turns on Sunday, teaching
me or annoying me. But it was the countless hours I spent with Grandmama that
were my real education. Tapping me on
my head she would say, "Come, Sek-
Lung, we have our work," and we would
walk up the stairs to her small crowded
room. There, in the midst of her antique
shawls, the old ancestral calligraphy and
multi-colored embroidered hangings, beneath the mysterious shelves of sweet
herbs and bitter potions, we would continue doing what we had started that
morning: the elaborate windchime for her
death.
"I can't last forever," she declared,
when she let me in on the secret of this
one. "It will sing and dance and glitter,"
her long fingers stretched into the air,
pantomiming the waving motion of her
ghost chimes; "My spirit will hear its
sounds and see its light and return to this
house and say goodbye to you."
Deftly she reached into the Safeway
carton she had placed on the chair beside
me. She picked out a fish-shape amber
piece, and with a long needle-like tool and
a steel ruler, she scored it. Pressing the
blade of a cleaver against the line, with the fingers of her other hand, she lifted up the
glass until it cleanly snapped into the exact
shape she required. Her hand began to
tremble, the tips of her fingers to shiver,
like rippling water.
"You see that, Little One?" She held
her hand up. "That is my body fighting
with Death. He is in this room now."
My eyes darted in panic, but Grandmama remained calm, undisturbed, and
went on with her work. Then I remembered the glue and uncorked the jar for
her. Soon the graceful ritual movements
of her hand returned to her, and I became
lost in the magic of her task: she dabbed a
cabalistic mixture of glue on one end and
skillfully dropped the braided end of a silk
thread into it. This part always amazed
me: the braiding would slowly, very
slowly, unknot, fanning out like a prized
fishtail. In a few seconds the clear,
homemade glue began to harden as I blew
lightly over it, welding to itself each separate silk strand.
Each jam-sized pot of glue was precious; each large cork had been wrapped
with a fragment of pink silk. I remember
this part vividly, because each cork was
treated to a special rite. First we went
shopping in the best silk stores in
Chinatown for the perfect square of silk
she required. It had to be a deep pink, a
shade of color blushing toward red. And
the tone had to match — as closely as
possible — her precious jade carving, the
small peony of white and light-red jade,
her most lucky possession. In the centre of
this semi-translucent carving, no more
than an inch wide, was a pool of pink
light, its veins swirling out into the petals
of the flower.
"This color is the color of my spirit,"
she said, holding it up to the window so I
could see the delicate pastel against the
broad strokes of sunlight. She dropped
her voice, and I held my breath at the
wonder of the color. "This was given to
me by the young actor who taught me how
to juggle. He had four of them, and each
one had a centre of this rare color, the
color of Good Fortune." The pendant
seemed to pulse as she turned it: "Oh,
Sek-Lung! He had white hair and white
skin to his toes! It's true, I saw him bathing." She laughed and blushed, her eyes
softened at the memory. The silk had to
match the pink heart of her pendant: the
color was magical for her, to hold the unravelling strands of her memory....
It was just six months before she died
that we really began to work on her last
windchime. Three thin bamboo sticks
were steamed and bent into circlets; 30
exact lengths of silk thread, the strongest
kind, were cut and braided at both ends
and glued to stained glass. Her hands
worked on their own command, each
hand racing with a life of its own: cutting,
snapping, braiding, knotting.... Sometimes she breathed heavily and her small
body, growing thinner, sagged against
me. Death, I thought, He is in this room,
and I would work harder alongside her.
For months Grandmama and I did this
every other evening, a half dozen pieces
each time. The shaking in her hand grew
worse, but we said nothing. Finally, after
discarding hundreds, she told me she had
the necessary 30 pieces. But this time,
because it was a sacred chime, I would not
be permitted to help her tie it up or have
the joy of raising it. "Once tied," she said,
holding me against my disappointment,
"not even I can raise it. Not a sound must
it make until I have died."
"What will happen?"
"Your father will then take the centre
braided strand and raise it. He will hang it
against my bedroom window so that my
ghost may see it, and hear it, and return. I
must say goodbye to this world properly
or wander in this foreign devil's land
forever."
"You can take the streetcar!" I blurted,
suddenly shocked that she actually meant
to leave me. I thought I could hear the
clear-chromatic chimes, see the shimmering colors on the wall: I fell against her and
cried, and there in my crying I knew that
she would die. I can still remember the
touch of her hand on my head, and the
smell of her thick woolen sweater pressed
against my face. "I will always be with
you, Little Sek-Lung, but in a different
way . . . you'll see."
Months went by, and nothing happened. Then one late September evening,
when I had just come home from Chinese
School, Grandmama was preparing supper when she looked out our kitchen window and saw a cat — a long, lean white cat
— jump into our garbage pail and knock it
over. She ran out to chase it away, shouting curses at it. She did not have her thick
sweater on and when she came back into
the house, a chill gripped her. She leaned
against the door: "That was not a cat," she
said, and the odd tone of her voice caused
my father to look with alarm at her. "I can
not take back my curses. It is too late."
She took hold of my father's arm: "It was
all white and had pink eyes like sacred
fire."
My father started at this, and they both
looked pale. My brothers and sister, clearing the table, froze in their gestures.
"The fog has confused you," Stepmother said. "It was just a cat."
But Grandmama shook her head, for
she knew it was a sign. "I will not live
forever," she said. "I am prepared."
The next morning she was confined to
her bed with a severe cold. Sitting by her,
playing with some of my toys, I asked her
about the cat: "Why did father jump at the
cat with the pink eyes? He didn't see it,
you did."
"But he and your mother know what it
means."
"What?"
"My friend, the juggler, the magician,
was as pale as white jade, and he had pink
eyes." I thought she would begin to tell
me one of her stories, a tale of enchant
ment or of a wondrous adventure, but she
only paused to swallow; her eyes glittered,
lost in memory. She took my hand, gently
opening and closing her fingers over it.
"Sek-Lung," she sighed, "he has come
back to me."
Then Grandmama sank back into her
pillow and the embroidered flowers lifted
to frame her wrinkled face. I saw her hand
over my own, and my own began to tremble. I fell fitfully asleep by her side. When
I woke up it was dark and her bed was
empty. She had been taken to the hospital
and I was not permitted to visit.
A few days after that she died of the
complications of pneumonia. Immediately after her death my father came
home and said nothing to us, but walked
up the stairs to her room, pulled aside the
drawn lace curtains of her window and
lifted the windchimes to the sky.
I began to cry and quickly put my hand
in my pocket for a handkerchief. Instead,
caught between my fingers, was the small,
round firmness of the jade peony. In my
mind's eye I saw Grandmama smile and
heard, softly, the pink centre beat like a
beautiful, cramped heart. □
The Jade Peony was the winning entry in
the Chronicle Creative Writing
Competition for UBC students. Author,
Wayson Choy, BA'61, was taking a
qualifying year for graduate studies. Prize
funds for the competition are provided by the
UBC Alumni Fund.
IF YOU LOVE COOKING
YOU'LL LOVE
MING WO
MONGOLIAN POT
CHINESE WOK
MING WO COOKWARE
•CHINATOWN .LANSDOWNE PARK
• RICHMOND CENTRE   .CAPILANO MALL
• COQUITLAM CENTRE .LOUGHEED MALL
(THE CONTENTED KITCHEN)
Chronicle/Winter 1979  19 1999: Reflections
On a University
What does the future hold for UBC? No one
really knows, but several educated predictions
were made at the Homecoming seminar, October 27, sponsored by the Class of '39.
UBC: 1999 was the subject when four members of the academic community, minister of
education Dr. Pat McGeer, the university
chancellor, J.V. Clyne, the head ofthe Universities Council, Dr. William Gibson and Rhodes
scholar from the Class of '39, Dr. Jack Davis
offered their views. These were followed by
papers prepared by four members of '39: Dr.
Robert Bell, former principal of McGill University; Dr. William Sibley, head of the Saskatchewan Universities Commission; Dr. John
McLaren, Northwestern University and Fred
Hartley, president and chairman of Union Oil
of California and chairman of Union Oil
Canada.
Space limitations only allow publication of brief
notes from the papers. Copies of the full texts are
available from the alumni office for $5. Cheques
should be made payable to the UBC Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver V6T 1X8.
Pat McGeer, reflecting on the history of
UBC, predicted that an important phase in its
history is coming. Technology is bringing
dramatic changes in the delivery of education
and the management of institutions. UBC may
have to decide if it can increase the size of its
professional areas (in the face of great demand)
at the possible expense of some of its traditional
fields.
The technological revolution was examined
by Jack Clyne. One effect will be a decline in
employment and the amount of time required
for work. Because of this universities of the
future will have to place greater emphasis on
teaching an appreciation of the arts, and an
understanding of history and how society
works.
In hoping that the university will continue to
grow in quality, not in quantity, Bill Gibson
suggested a system of "equalization grants" to
help students from outside the lower mainland,
ensuring that qualified students would be able
to attend university. In noting that the Open
Learning Institute will only offer BA and BSc
degrees he saw an important role for the university in the development of adult education,
perhaps "a weekend university."
Jack Davis paid tribute to the faculty of the
university and suggested that UBC should be
"unique to a degree, in this province, perhaps
in the nation," by emphasizing the universality
of knowledge, and stressing interdisciplinary
thought and should not simply be a repository
of knowledge.
Robert Bell (in his paper, read by Pauline
Ranta, seminar committee chair) offered a plea
for balance — but not the status quo — in the
roles required of a university: vocational, professional training, research and innovation;
personal intellectual enrichment; social activist
and critic. Extremes in any one "will change the
university into something else all together." He
saw two major dangers to the roles of the university in the lack of a real national science
policy and the growing influence of govern-
20 Chronicle/U7mr.r 1979
The Class of'39 seminar: At the microphone,
John McLaren, who originally suggested the
event. The other speakers were (left to right) Jack
Davis, J.V. Clyne, William Gibson, Lloyd
Detwiller, the moderator, Fred Hartley and
Frank Turner.
There were memories and tea for the 60th
aniversary ofthe Class of 1919 at Homecoming
'79. Constance Adams, BA' 19 (right), one of the
original members ofthe Players Club chats with
MildredMcDairmid, BA' 19 (partially hidden)
and Mrs. McDairmid's daughter. In the
background, UBC chancellor Jack Clyne (left)
and Johnny Berto, BA'20.
ment planning on universities.
John McLaren, basing comments on his experience in the Chicago area, said that growth
of universities and colleges in the past 25 years
has raised questions concerning educational
quality, student motivation and educational
outcomes. "I believe that the interest of the
students, the province of B.C. and Canada will
best be served by a high quality, research-
oriented campus that will attract more able students." A modern university must have the
ability "to effectively participate in industrial
growth and development, at the same time
safeguarding the professional and scientific
values of the educational process." The arts and
humanities will provide the enrichment and
intellectual stimulation.
Fred Hartley offered a challenge to the university, based on the projected need for many
more engineers. "Our future will in large measure depend on how many highly-trained en
gineers society can produce." Additional teaching facilities and faculty will be needed for these
students if Canada is to be able to play its full
role in a complicated, technology and science-
oriented society.
William Sibley considered (in a paper presented by Frank Turner, co-chair of the '39
reunion committee) the "new crisis" at universities. The tremendous changes of the past few
years have brought a complexity to the
decision-making process that, he feels, may
lead to avoidance, frustration and impass on the
hard choices necessary in the 1980s. While universities no longer live in an ivory tower, they
must be clearly seen to demonstrate good stewardship of their tremendous resources if they
are "to recapture the support they will need in
the troublesome decade ahead."
The challenge ofthe future is here, and in the
words of William Sibley, "It would seem that
'Tuum est' is still an appropriate injunction." Saturday Nights with
The Vancouver Institute
Continuing in its 63rd year of excellence, The
Vancouver Institute offers a series of outstanding lectures on successive Saturday nights that
is open to the public, free of charge, in the
campus Woodward Instructional Resources
Centre at 8:15 p.m. Opening the new year on
January 26, Sir George Baker, a Dal Grauer
Memorial lecturer, presents "Aspects of Family Law." Sir George is a British judge and
president of the family division of the High
Court of Justice. "New Knowledge in Color
Perception" is the topic for the February 16
lecture presented by Dr. Michael Wilson from
the United Kingdom.
Two other lectures are scheduled for February, but as yet, the dates are uncertain: Eli
Mandel, poet, critic and professor at York
University, Toronto, will be offering a reading
of some of his works as well as speaking on the
subject of literature and Dr. Geoffrey Parker
of St. Andrew's University, Scotland, will present a lecture on early European history. A
prolific writer, Parker had authored 11 books
by the time he was 36.
Provost of King's College, Cambridge, Sir
Edmund Leach will discuss "Michaelangelo's
Genesis — an Anthropologist's View" on
March 1. "Peking and China, Historical Geography" is the subject of professor Hou Jen-
Chih's presentation on March 8. Professor Hou
is the head of the geography department at
Peking University, Peoples' Republic of China.
Professor Juan Linz talks about "Spanish Society and Politics" on March 15. A sociologist
and political scientist, Linz is a member of the
faculty of Yale University.
Dr. Richard Weinshilboum from the
graduate school of medicine at the Mayo Clinic
will share "The Chemistry of the Brain" with
his listeners on March 22. Weinshilboum is
chief of clinical pharmacology at that institution. On March 29, "Nerves and Muscles" is
the subject of Sir Andrew Huxley's lecture. Sir
Andrew is a Royal Society research professor at
University College, London, England. He was
a recipient of the Nobel prize for his work in
physiology.
The visits to the campus by Juan Linz, Sir
Andrew Huxley, Sir Edmund Leach and Hou
Jen-Chih are part ofthe Cecil H. and Ida Green
visiting professorship program. No details for
the Vancouver Sun lecturer are final yet. For
more information on this or any other of the
events, call the UBC Information Office, 228-
3131, or write 2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1W5.
Gage Fund
Reaches $180,000
The Walter H. Gage Memorial Fund is a
cause near and dear to the hearts of many UB-
Cers. Thousands have donated to the endowment fund which now totals well over$180,000
and began allocating income early this fall. Although the major Gage Fund campaign is ended, donations will always be accepted and will
continue to provide emergency aid to students
and assistance to student projects in the spirit of
Dr. Gage's lifelong commitment to the university community.
Other fund campaigns for the 1979-80 year
New Executive
Director Appointed
The UBC Alumni Association has appointed
Dr. Peter Jones as executive director of the
association.
Jones, who succeeds Harry Franklin who
resigned in July, took up his post November
15.
A Canadian citizen, he was born and received
his early education in Britain. He earned his
licentiates in religious studies (1964) and
philosophy (1960), (equivalent to Master's Degree) from the Gregorian University, Rome and
his Doctorate in religious studies from McGill
University in 1973.
He joins the UBC Alumni Association from
the Food for the Hungry, Canada where he was
executive director. Previously he had spent five
years with the Canadian Council of Christians
and Jews. He was appointed executive director
ofthe Council's Pacific Region in 1974 and was
named national president in 1976. As president
he was responsible for the Council's nationwide educational programs and fund-raising
campaigns.
Trilingual (English, French and Italian), he
was a faculty member at Concordia University
between 1967 to 1974 where he was assistant
professor of Theological Studies and director of
the Centre for Interdisciplinary Studies,
Loyola Campus. Prior to his Concordia appointment he was a lecturer at Marianopolis
College, Universite de Montreal.
have received, to date: $3,200 to the Burke/
Penn Memorial Scholarship Fund; the
Frank Gnup MemorialFund raised$6,340 in
the 3rd Annual Gnup Golf Classic; the Dental
Alumni Challenge Fund gained$2,700; the
Wolfgang Gerson Prize for Architecture
holds$2,600; the Golden Jubilee (Nursing)
Scholarship Fund raised$950 and the Jessie
McCarthy (Nursing) Scholarship Fund contains $2,010. Meanwhile, standing commitments of the Alumni Fund continue. Alumni
and friends ofthe University have given$4,410
to the President's Fund and $19,850 to
alumni scholarships and bursaries, towards an
annual commitment of$l 10,750.
Donations to the UBC Alumni Fund
through October 1979 reached$294,000. In addition,$73,000 was credited to the fund by the
university's finance department as alumni donations made directly to the university, bringing total alumni donations to$367,700. A total
of$96,700 reached UBC from alumni wills and
bequests. The Alfred T. Adams Memorial
Bursary Fund campaign, honoring the late
executive secretary ofthe University Resources
council, now stands at $4,700. The fund remains open to donations and the chairman of
the campaign committee, Mr. William Mor-
tifee, hopes to reach$ 10,000 before the end of
March 1980.
YACs New
Friday Philosophy
The Young Alumni Club executive has taken a
good look at its "Friday philosophy" and has
made a few changes. November 23, the door to
YACs Friday Night Social at Cecil Green Park
closes at 11 p.m. The move aims to encourage
members to make Cecil Green a choice for the
evening rather than a "last chance." Membership fees, like many things these days, have
been raised, but the new annual price of $12 is
still low for the privileges that come with the
membership card, now valid from June 1st
rather than September 1st.
Great events are planned by the executive
and there is an emphasis on physical fitness.
The volleyball court is re-activated and
everyone — "especially newcomers" — is welcome. Matches are held every Thursday evening at 7:30 p.m. at Queen Mary School (4th and
Trimble) until December 6, 1979 and pick up
again in 1980 on January 3rd. Plans are laid for
badminton, floor hockey, broomball, ice skating and skiing and dates for these and other
activities will appear in future YAC-YAKS.
On a more sedate level, special evenings continue as the Christmas season approaches. Yac-
cers, vampires and werewolves met the Great
Pumpkin on the dance floor in October and
howled to the music ofthe Orbits — a nostalgia
band with a new wave sound. Costume dress
was essential and the evening progressed well
beyond the witching hour.
Thursday nights are jazz nights, 9 p.m. at
Cecil Green Park; soon these evenings will include other musical styles as well. Thursday
nights may also see guest speakers, perhaps
preceded by an informal dinner. A Thursday
night suggestion box is set up and the YAC crew
welcomes comments.
And finally, YAC holds its traditional
Christmas party Thursday, December 13th at
6:30 p.m. in Cecil Green Park. The evening
RUINS OF THE THIRD REICH
A fascinating, historical visit to Munich,
Dachau, Berchtesgaden, Nuremberg, Dresden,
Berlin and other places in East and West Germany and Austria which witnessed the rise and
fall of Hitler's infamous "Thousand Year Reich".
Personally escorted by J. Pauwels, Ph.D., Specialist in Modern German History. Tourlimited
to 30 participants. Durations—16 days. Departure—May 16, 1980. $1,590 including flight
from Toronto; $1,790 including flight from
Vancouver.
For more information call or write:
Ship's School Education Tours
4800 Dundas St. West, Suite 202
Islington, Ontario M9A 1B1
Telephone: (416) 239-1114
Chronicle/Winter 1979 21 Alumni Award
Of Distinction
Honorary Life
Membership
Each year the UBC Alumni
Association makes two awards —
the award of distinction, its highest
honor, to a graduate who has made
a distinguished contribution in his or
her field of endeavor and the
honorary life membership to
recognize outstanding contributions
to UBC and education. To nominate
someone for either award, send the
nominee's name, a brief
biographical outline and your
reasons for making the nomination
to the Awards Committee, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Rd., Vancouver V6T
1X8
by February 15,1980.
starts with tree decorating and Christmas cake,
eggnog and carolling, and perhaps will even be
graced with a visit from the head reindeerman
himself. There is a small charge for guests;
members are admitted free.
For information on any YAC events call the
alumni office at 228-3313 or drop in to Cecil
Green any Thursday or Friday night — before
11 p.m.
Frosh Fend Off Fog
Fall 1979 in Vancouver has been a grey surprise
for residents expecting one last Indian Summer
reprieve of sunny days and crisp nights. Grey
rolls of fog shrouded the city for days on end
reaching their densest Friday October 12 when
the 42 members of the Class of '83 departed the
campus for Camp Elphinstone for a three day
retreat, in the company of 15 university faculty,
staff and alumni, on the Sechelt peninsula. Topics discussed by participants included university government, counselling and basic campus
services. Social gatherings were frequent and
although the fog persisted outside, clarity and
understanding of the university structure was
achieved in spite ofthe weather. Frosh Retreat
was organized by the student affairs committee, headed by Doug Aldridge, reviving a campus tradition that disappeared in the 1960s.
Help for the Job-seekers
The alumni student affairs committee has always cared about what happens to graduates —
immediately upon graduation and for a long
22 Chronicle/U/infer /979
UBC visited Surrey in October with a
"mini-Open House", organized by the alumni
branch committee, at the Guildford Shopping
Centre. The engineers' electric car, (above)
agricultural sciences and the student jazz ensemble
were among the campus participants.
It was a foggy weekend at Camp Elphinstone for
Frosh Retreat, a tradition revived by the student
affairs committee. Forty-two first year students
attended the orientation weekend along with
faculty, staff and alumni representative,
result, frosh less foggy about UBC, its
opportunities and services.
The
time thereafter. Together with the campus
Canada Employment Centre the committee
hopes to contact every potential 1980 graduate
of UBC offering information to make his or her
job search more fruitful. They have sent out
over 1,000 guides to writing resumes and a
"cheat sheet" on The Interview — surely a
traumatic time for every job-seeker. The joint
program is offering not only the booklets, but
personal and group counselling in looking for
post-graduation jobs.
University Singers:
Island Encore
The University Singers are polishing their
voices again in preparation for their week-long
Vancouver Island tour organized through the
alumni branches. Under the direction of James
Schell, the Singers hope to better their very
successful tour of last year. Beginning January
15, the tour will make five stops including Cow- ichan Community Centre, Duncan, January
15; Malaspina Community College, Nanaimo,
January 16; Courtenay Civic Centre, Courtenay, January 17; First United Church, Port
Alberni, January 18 and Knox United Church,
Parksville, January 19. Before the island tour
begins, the group will make one stop at the
Chilliwack United church on January 14. All
concerts begin at 8:00 p.m.; for further information contact the alumni office, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Rd., Vancouver V6T 1X8, 228-
3313.
1980 Board
Nominations Sought
Although the possibility of a re-election hangs
over all Canadians these days, the election of a
new alumni board of management will defi-
netely be happening next spring. In preparation, nominations are now being sought by
alumni past president, Paul Hazell, who is
chairing the nominations committee for the
1980 election. So why not throw your or a
fellow UBC graduate's — including those who
attended Victoria College — hat into the ring.
The positions to be filled by election are: the
officer positions (one year terms) of vice-
president and treasurer and 10 members-at-
large (two year terms). To place a name in
nomination or for further information call or
write Paul Hazell, Chair, Nominations Committee, UBC Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8
(228-3313) no later than Monday, December
31, 1979. Nominations must be in writing and
be accompanied by the signatures of five
nominating members and a written letter of
consent from the nominee.
Branches: Past,
Present and Future
Branches activities — those already happened
and those still to come — are numerous this
fall. Southern California alumni met at the
home of Dr. & Mrs. Hartley Turpin on October 13 for a buffet featuring delectable B.C.
salmon. Guest speaker for the occasion was
W.A. (Art) Stevenson, vice-president of the
alumni association....Saturday, November 17
was the date for a "mixing and mingling" involving tennis and squash for the Ottawa
alumni....The Williams Lake Library was the
location for a combined branches/speakers
bureau event on November 18. The Sunday
afternoon included a talk by Dr. Harry V. Warren, UBC professor emeritus of geological sciences. His visit was partially funded through
the speakers bureau Koerner Foundation
grant....On November 30, Seattle and PNW
alumni gathered at the Robinswood Park
Clubhouse, Bellevue, for a pot luck dinner organized by Gerry and Eileen Marra and featuring a presentation by Chuck Connaghan, vice-
president, administration, UBC...Alumni
past-president and head of the B.C. Universities Council, Dr. William Gibson met with
Denver, Colorado alumni November 10, with
the purpose of starting an active branches
group in that city. Dr. Gibson spoke on the role
ofthe Universities Council of British Columbia
GRADUATE
ENGINEERS
Schlumberger, the world leader in electronic well logging with sales
in excess of 2.5 billion dollars in 1978 is inviting applications from
highly motivated engineering graduates with 0-5 years industrial
experience to be trained for assignments as Field Engineers in
Western Canada. Preference will be given to graduates in the
Mechanical, Electrical, Geophysical and Petroleum disciplines,
however other engineering graduates with an electronics background will be considered.
Career oriented individuals who have a desire to work in a non-
routine atmosphere within the petroleum industry will find these
positions challenging. The work will primarily consist of measuring
and studying subsurface formations with the use of complex testing equipment. This testing will normally be done in remote locations on a 24 hour call basis.
Initially the incumbents will be intensively trained to perform
specialized engineering services in the oil and gas industry.
Future opportunities exist for aggressive and ambitious individuals within the management structure of the company.
Schlumberger offers an excellent starting salary, job incentive
bonus, company car, and a comprehensive benefits programme. The job incentive bonus and company car are available after successful completion of the six month training
program. The benefits package includes a dental plan, life
insurance, supplementary health care, salary continuance,
and a pension and profit sharing plan.
Successful   applicants    will    be   reimbursed   location
expenses.
If you feel you have the necessary skills and desire to
handle this very demanding position, call collect (403)
261-2920 or (403) 269-7331 Local 48 weekdays between
8:00 a.m. and 4:00 p.m. (Calgary time) and mail your
resume special delivery to
Engineer Recruiter
Schlumberger of Canada
1250, 717 - 7th Ave. S.W.
Calgary, Alberta  T2P 0Z3
Schlumberger
Iti
3t____L,
ChronicleAPWer 1979 23 The annual running ofthe Arts '20 Relay
attracted 88 teams to the Fairview to UBC
course. Judge Alfred Swencisky, BA'20, one of
the original runners, was starter for the 1979
edition. First across the line for the men was the
rowing crew and junior field hockey for the
women. Winners ofthe relay were presented with
miniatures ofthe Cairn by George Plant, alumni
president, Evelyn Storey Lett, honorary starter of
the race and Heiley Arkley, one ofthe original
participants. The trustees of the Schwesinger
Fund, Mrs. Lett and Orson Banfield, have
offered the remaining $2500 ofthe trust fund to
provide trophies in perpetuity for the Arts '20
relay.
and the development of post secondary education in B.C.
Dr. Douglas Kenny, president of UBC, already has two alumni branches events on his
1980 calendar. In March he will be attending an
Ottawa branch reception. Special guests for the
occasion will be the UBC alumni members of
parliament and the other British Columbia
MPs....On May 22, Dr. Kenny will be the
guest speaker at the annual Canadian universities dinner, in Washington, D.C, hosted this
year by UBC.
The Trail, B.C. chapter is now headed by
Peter Hemmes, BASc'66. All those interested
in participating in branches activities in Trail
should get in touch with Peter, 105 Ritchie
Ave., Trail The alumni chapter in St.
John's, Newfoundland is not as lucky: they
need a new leader. Anyone interested in the
position should contact the alumni office.
W YORKSHIRE
T      TRUST COMPANY
The Oldest and Largest
British Columbia Trust Company
-UBC ALUMNI AT YORKSHIRE-
J.R. Longstaffe BA '57 LLB '58 - Chairman
I.H. Stewart BA '57 LLB '60 ■ Director
A.G. Armstrong LLB '59 • Director
W.R. Wyman B. Comm. '56 • Director
J.CM Scott BA '47 B. Comm. '47 ■ Director
G.A. McGavin B. Comm. '60 - President
E.C Moore LLB '70 - Vice President ■ Alberta
P.L. Hazell B. Comm. '60 - Manager Information Systems
R.K. Chow M.B.A. '73 ■ Pension Trust Administrator
J. Dixon B. Comm. '58 - Claims Manager
T.W. Taylor B. Comm '76 • Mortgage Officer
D.B. Mussenden B. Comm. '76 - Manager Property Dept.
T.W.Q. Sam, B. Comm. '72 - Internal Auditor
A Complete Financial
Service Organization
Serving Western
Canadians"
900 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
590 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
130 E. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3935
2996 Granville St. Vancouver 738-7128
6447 Fraser St. Vancouver 324-6377
538 6th St. New Westminster 525-1616
1424 Johnston Rd. White Rock 531-8311
737 Fort St. Victoria 3840514
121 8th Ave. S.W. Calgary 265-0455
Oxford Tower, Edmonton Centre, Edmonton 428-8811
•Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation 'Trust Companies Association of Canada
24 Chronicle/Winter 1979 Robert Hadley
Many students have graduated from
UBC with degrees in philosophy, but
one of the more well-known
graduates has left that field for another.
Robert Hadley is gaining recognition
through composing and playing his own
guitar music. Bob graduated with a doctorate in philosophy in 1973, the same year he
released his first album, "The Raven."
"When I finished my degree I felt fairly torn
between philosophy and music'," he recalls.
"But by that time I didn't want to leave
Vancouver, and to teach philosophy I
would have had to."
A native of Virginia, he has lived in Vancouver since 1968. He came here partly because of his opposition to the Vietnam war,
and also because of the offer of a graduate
fellowship in philosophy from the university.
UBC students from that period will remember Bob as one of the more pleasant
features of the barren Student Union Building foyer, sitting near the south entrance
playing his guitar, and, after the release of
"The Raven," selling copies of the album.
He describes his music as "romantic extrapolations of folk music, primarily
American folk music, with influences from
Irish, oriental and classical music."
Primarily a self-taught musician, "I
started during the folk music renaissance of
the '60s, and learned to play when I was
17," he says. His instruction came from
friends, with a few months of professional
lessons.
Most of his playing is done by ear, but
Bob uses an old-fashioned method of notation known as tablature to write down some
of his tunes and to teach his students. Between 10 and 15 students come to Bob's
home every week for lessons. "It (teaching)
is a fairly friendly and peaceful kind of
thing, though it can be frustrating," he
says. And it lacks the challenge and excitement of both composing and performing.
He gives an average of four concerts yearly,
and appears frequently in local coffee
houses. As well, CBC radio uses his music
extensively. "They've been very receptive
to my music," he says. "They've given me a
lot of coverage in Vancouver and some national exposure."
But one difficulty he has found as a
Canadian musician is that his records have
more exposure on American than Canadian
stations. He speculates that the variety of
stations south ofthe border may be responsible. "There's not a great variety of stations
in Vancouver. Even as near as Seattle
there's a greater diversity of stations."
His second album, "Tunes From The
Well," was released in 1976. He's now
working on a third, but, because he's
searching for a new record company, a release date has not yet been set. His two
earlier records were put out by Kicking
Mule Records, an English-American company based in London and Berkeley.
Promotion of the two albums has sent him
on tours of Europe and the States.
Bob does most of his composing by "sitting and playing, and improvising for
hours. When I discover little melodic passages that appeal to me, I write them down.
Or sometimes I just sit down and decide to
write a melody and within an hour I come
up with most ofthe tune."
At university his main areas of study were
the philosophy of language and the foundations of logic. Not surprisingly, he feels
there is a relationship between his
philosophy and his music.
"One fairly obvious connection is that the
music that I play tends to be highly structured," he says, and an interest in structures "is one of the things that attracted me
to philosophy. I still have a fairly strong
interest in the subject," he adds. And teaching is something he would still like to do.
"Romanticism drew me to music and
philosophy — they're both distinctly impractical." But Hadley speculates that a
teaching career in philosophy would have
been more lucrative.
Heather Walker
Spotlight
20s
David B. Charlton, BA'25, has been named as
advisor to the governor of Oregon on the
newly-formed pesticide analytical response
center. Charlton has made it his life-long work
to upgrade the quality of the Oregon environment and to integrate conservation and the increasing heavy demands of society....When
Helen McGill Hughes, BA'25, asked in a recent Chronicle that other early grads "catch up"
in these pages, Clare N. McQuarrie McAllister, BA'27, MSW'56, responded that after retiring from UBC's school of social work in
1970, she moved to Galiano Island. After six
years there, she returned to her earlier home of
Victoria where she has since been active as a
member of, among others, the James Bay
health project, Victoria school board's education commission, the committee on the future
of Victoria General Hospital, the James Bay
community association executive, the Victoria
Historical Association executive and the James
Bay Multi-Level Care Association executive.
Thank you for writing, Mrs. McAllister!
30s
Newly-appointed member on the board of trustees of the Penticton Hospital Society is Frank
C. Christian, BA'32. Christian served as an ad
hoc assistant prosecutor for the City of Vancouver from 1937 to 1943. He is a former alderman of the City of Penticton and was an MP
during the 1957-58 session, representing the
then federal constituency of Okanagan-
Boundary as a Social Credit member....Howard O. McMahon, BA'35, MA'37, (PhD,
MIT), was presented with the prestigious
Samuel C. Collins Award for outstanding contributions to cryogenic technology. McMahon,
past chair of the board for Helix Technology
corporation, Waltham, Mass., is a director and
consultant for Helix and is presently involved
in a study of upper atmosphere ozone, commissioned by the National Academy of Science.
A professor emeritus of Huron College, University of Western Ontario, Rodney P. Poisson, BA'35, MA'39, (PhD, Wash.), has now
retired to Victoria, B.C. with his wife, Helen
Fergusson   Poisson,   BA'33,   MA'39	
Lachlan F. MacRae, BA'36, BA'37, MA'37,
(BA, Wash.), one of Canada's best-known librarians, has retired as special advisor to the
National Librarian of Canada — a position he
has held for the past two years. MacRae has
been very active in numerous national and international librarian associations and served as
Chronicle/Winter 7979 25 CARS PEOPLE
SWEAR BY. NOT AT.
yf@+if^/@tyy®^."
If that's what you have to say about the last new
car you bought, you're not alone. More and more
people today are thinking less and less of the way new
cars are made.
But there's one group of people who can still talk
about their cars without using X-rated words.
Volvo owners.
In fact, statistics show that 9 out of 10 people who
buy new Volvos are happy.
And this year happiness comes in more forms
than ever before. From Volvo's affordably priced
DL sedans and wagons to the luxury class GLE s that
afford every comfort and convenience feature anyone
could want.
There's also the Volvo GT which gives many
performance cars costing thousands more a run for
their money. As well as two new models that don't run
on gas: the Volvo diesels.
And finally, the Bertone Coupe. A personal luxury
car created for the individual seeking the ultimate mark
of quality in an automobile; hand craftsmanship.
Whichever model you select, you'll begetting the
quality, comfort and safety that make Volvo something
quite uncommon in this day and age. A car volvo
that's a blessing instead of a curse.      A car you can believe in. Beverley Lecky
director of the Canadian Film Institute from
1951-53....Beverley K. Cunningham Lecky,
BA'38, has been elected to the board of directors of the Bank of British Columbia. A past
president ofthe alumni association, she served
as a member of the senate and board of governors of UBC...Walter R. Ashford, BA'39,
MA'41, (PhD, McGill), formerly director of
quality control, Connaught Laboratories, Toronto, has retired and is living in Victoria, B.C.
40s
After 28 years with the company, Arthur T.
Physick, BA'41, is retiring as assistant vice-
president of the New York Life Insurance
Company. Prior to his transfer to New York, he
was in charge ofthe company's Canadian group
marketing operation. Both he and his wife will
now live in Toronto....Long-time Banff Park
resident, Robert Seaton Crosby, BASc'44,
(MSc, MIT), has been appointed to the University of Calgary senate. Crosby spent 25 years
with the RCAF, from 1944 to 1969, during
which time he was project engineer for a
number of programs. Since his retirement from
the RCAF, he has been vice-president of the
Crosby Company and is on the Banff Hospital
board.
Marion (Mardee) I. Dundas Gait, BA'46, is
acting director, publicity and promotion, for
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education. With
a newspaper background, she has worked in
public relations and has served as information
officer for the B.C. provincial department of
health Vancouver's  St.   James  United
Church has a new minister now that Rev. H
Irvine Hare, BA'49, is serving that congregation. He accepted the post after retiring from
the Canadian Armed Forces as base chaplain,
CFB Halifax. He joined the military chaplaincy
in   1955 In   the  past   25   years,   Glen
McDonald, LLB'49, has had no complaints
from his clients — though none really sought
his services. He has been Vancouver's coroner
since 1954 and has now left that office for a year
during which he will oversee the coroners'
courts in the Okanagan before retiring.
50s
The Forest Products Research Society elected
F. Alan Tayelor, MASc'50, as president at its
annual meeting last June in San Francisco.
Tayelor is with Forintek, Vancouver....The
congregation of St. John the Evangelist Angli-
il_f4p
*TyM
F. Alan Tayelor
can Church, Leamington, Ontario, has welcomed its new pastor, Rev. Aubrey W. Bell,
BA'51, (STB). Bell began his theological
studies in 1964, and was ordained in 1968. He
served at St. John the Divine and All Saints
Anglican Churches, New Westminster, before
joining the Diocese of Huron where he served
two congregations during the last four years
...."The trick is not to arrive, it is to stay," says
Milla Andrew Koyander, BA'52, a
Vancouver-born soprano who has spent the
past quarter of a century in the opera world
trying to perfect her art and her name. Now,
suddenly, she has managed to do both with her
ability to bring to life the heavyweight heroines
of Verdi, Puccini and Donizetti. The latest sign
of her success is that the English magazine,
Records and Recording saluted as the pick of the
month of June her recording of Donizetti's
"Gabriella di Vergy"....One of the year's best
book titles is the creation of Thelma G.
Barber-Stein, BHE'52, author of You Eat
What You Are (McClelland & Stewart, 1979).
She researched what she calls "gastro-
ethnology" throughout Canada and her 640-
page book is "all about food — although there
are no recipes in it."
Regional manager of the Kamloops forest
region for B.C.'s ministry of forests is Anthony
B. (Tony) Robinson, BSF'52, who assumed
the position in July. He has been with the
ministry since 1955 ....Richard A. Crouter,
BA'53, has been appointed director-general for
fisheries management in the Maritimes region.
He is responsible for federal fisheries operations and research in Nova Scotia, New
Brunswick and Prince Edward Island....William D. Ewing, BSF'53, has been named president of CD. Schultz and Company, resource
and engineering consultants of Vancouver.
Allan "The Foth" Fotheringham, BA'54,
has gone national and is now living in Ottawa
and Vancouver. He has joined FP News Service
and is writing a thrice-weekly national column
that is available to all nine FP daily newspapers,
including his old alma mater, the Vancouver
Sun....The Autumn '79 issue of the Chronicle
was guilty of an error of omission when it reported on UBC grads who were successful in
the May 22, 1979 federal election. Roy W.
MacLaren, BA'55, was elected as Liberal MP
for Etobicoke North. MacLaren is publisher
and part owner of Canadian Business
magazine....Robert W. Mier, BA'57 (MBA,
Western), has been appointed president of
Dancer Fitzgerald Sample Inc., San Francisco.... After a successful tenure as principal of
Douglas College, George C. Wooten,
BASc'57, MASc'59, PhD'67, has been ap-
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Chronicle/Winter 1979 27 pointed director and secretary of the board with
the Vancouver Public Library.
Norm A. Gillies, BA'58, BSW'61, a longtime member of the San Francisco alumni
branch executive was in Vancouver last fall. He
revealed that he is a man of multiple personalities : a psychotherapist, he is also an aspiring author of a book he has been working on for
the past 17 years —Zap you're dead. Or how to
be your own psychologist. He is also a photographer and is presently working with ciba-
chrome for use in interior design (large, framed
color prints of B.C. and California scenes)
...James D. Horsman, BCom'59, LLB'60, is
minister of advanced education and manpower
for the province of Alberta.
60s
Gordon E. Forward, BASc'60, MASc'62,
(PhD, MIT), is executive vice-president of
production with Chaparral Steel Company of
Dallas, Texas. Prior to joining the company in
1973, he was general superintendent of Lake
Ontario Steel Company in Whitby, Ontario... W. David Latham, MEd'60, writes to
inform us that his son, W.D. Mark Latham,
BSc'74, MSc'78, is now married and working
toward his PhD at MIT...."The complete practical guide to organizing and winning any election campaign," boasts the cover of How to Win
An Election, co-authored by Anthony J. Gar-
grave, LLB'71. So, for those of you who aspire
to the hustings — read on....Professor of English at York University, Toronto, Beryl Rowland, PhD'62, has been awarded a Faculty of
Arts Fellowship for 1979-80. She has recently
published her revised edition of the Companion
to Chaucer Studies (Oxford U.P.)
After serving as general counsel and secretary for Crown Zellerbach Canada, Gordon M.
Clark, BA'62, LLB'67, has been promoted to
vice-president, general counsel and secretary.
He will be responsible for all legal functions for
the Vancouver-based forest products
firm....With 20 years' experience in mining
and mineral engineering in the potash and base
metals industries, A.F. (Tony) Banks,
BASc'63, is now manager of metallurgy with
Kilborn (Saskatchewan) Ltd....Animal scientist at Oregon State University, Peter R.
Cheeke, BSA'63, MSA'65, (PhD, OSU), was
given the outstanding young scientist award by
the western section of the American Society of
Animal Science. Cheeke has been a member of
the department of animal science at OSU since
1969.
Anyone venturing east of the Lakehead may
find good use for Ottawa: Capital and Country
Guide. Douglas Paul Durber, BA'64, has co-
authored the handy guide that covers everything from skiing at Calabogie Peaks to cruising
down the Mississippi to some of the hot nightspots in Ottawa....Investigating the impacts of
herbicides and insecticides on forests in the
Pacific area is John F. Manville, BSc'64,
PhD'68, who returned to Victoria in the summer from Vancouver where he was with Forin-
tek Canada....After joining R.J. Reynolds Tobacco International, Inc. as manager of accounting operations in Hong Kong, Spencer
Kim Gung, BCom'66, is now manager of internal  accounting and  controls Merle
Reagh, BA'68, has moved from Lumby to
Vernon, B.C. where she is French coordinator
for School District #22.
Two more graduates are now working under
the aegis of the Canadian Broadcasting Corporation. Kathleen Ruff, MA'69, (BE, Southhampton; BEd, New Brunswick), is host of
CBC-TV's Ombudsman. In her position as
human rights director for the B.C. government
she saw the number of cases dealt with by her
department climb from 47 in 1972 to over 700
in 1975. First full-time reporter in Saskatchewan for CBC-TV's The National is Eve Savory,
BA'69, who will be based in Regina. She joined
CBC in 1974 as a reporter in Vancouver.
70s
Stanley H. Fogel, MA'70, (PhD, Purdue), is
acting head for the department of English at St.
Jerome's College (federated with the University
of Waterloo) Newly promoted to vice-
president and director of international business
for Grey Advertising, Venezuela, is Barry
Milavsky, BCom'70, (MA, Pennsylvania). He
worked in advertising in New York before moving to his present job in Caracas... .New head of
the B.C. Police Commission is Roy Sanderson
McQueen, LLB'71. McQueen has 17 years of
police experience in England and with the Vancouver police force.
Equally at home in the dense bush of B. C. or
behind the desk in her Victoria office is Cecily
Void, (BSc, Berkeley), MF'74, who is with the
forest ecology branch of the British Columbia
Forest Service. In 1978 summer months, she
was one of 10 people doing ecology work in the
Do We Have
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and Address?
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off the present Chronicle address label and mail it
along with the new information to:
Alumni Records
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8
Name 	
(Graduation Name).
(Indicate preferred title. Married women note spouse's full name.)
Address
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28 Chronicle/»7i»u_T 1979 Prince Rupert area. The work was both arduous and dangerous, but as she says: "Most of
the oldtimers are getting used to us (women)
now."...A summer visit to China convinced
Rosalie S.Y. Tung, MBA'74, PhD77, that
Chinese industrial managers are as concerned
with worker productivity as are their U.S.
counterparts. Bonus systems have been reintroduced said the University of Oregon management professor, who was offered a university position teaching management while in
China.
Recent gossip from the bar includes the
move of Alexander R. Szibbo, LLB'75, from
the department of justice, Ottawa, to the legal
department of Northern Telecom Canada, Toronto; Hendrik Poulus, BA'69, LLB'72, who
has taken a two year leave of absence from
McAlpine, Roberts & Co. to work with Kaiser
Resources and R.J. Randall Hordo, LLB'76,
who has joined Poulus' old firm. W. Stanley
Martin, MA'76, LLB'79, has won one of the
two Law Society Gold Medals at the June annual meeting. Martin has received numerous
awards in his career as a law student and proposes to article at Russell & Dumoulin and possibly teach....A self-confessed "late-bloomer,"
Victoria playwright Joan Mason Hurley,
MFA'76, has taken second place in the 40th
annual competition for original one-act plays
sponsored by the Ottawa Little Theatre. She
won $350 for Women's Work, a play about the
maternity wing of a hospital.
William A. Smith, BSc'76, is district
agriculturist-in-training at Peace River with the
Alberta department of agriculture. Prior to his
posting, he was the farm management technician at Peace River....New counsel for B.C.
Telephone Company is Dorothy E. Byrne,
LLB'77, (BA, Carleton)....Reg D. Neale,
BA'77, has returned from London, England
with a masters degree in international relations
and is working for Fraser Valley MP, Bob
Wenman as a research assistant in Ottawa.
A natural love for children and a great deal of
enthusiasm are two strong qualifications for
Bonnie Caron, BEd'78, who is now supervisor
of the playground program at Williams Lake,
B.C. She has had many jobs working with children and has organized a puppetry program in
the Kootenays....Kathleen M. McPhail,
BEd'78, is the first to admit that it was the
boom-like atmosphere of the town of Fort Nelson that allowed her to get her present job of
industrial education teacher at Nan Streeper
Middle School. Drawing from her experience
of working with her father, a carpenter, she set
out to adapting her woodworking skills to the
classroom. After a summer at UBC she was
ready to offer a woodworking course to Grade 6
and 7 students....Ending an almost three
month journey, P. Gary Garossino, BSc'79,
and Boris Lum, BSc'78, terminated their
cross-Canada cycling tour in the pool at the
Willowdale home of Garossino's parents after
travelling from Vancouver to St. John's, Newfoundland by bicycle and back to Toronto by
train.
Weddings
Johnson-Bonthoux. Donald J. Johnson,
BA'73, LLB'77, to Judith E. Bonthoux,
BEd'73, July 21, 1979 in Summerland,
B.C....Learn-Riddell. Ken Learn to Cynthia
L.C. Riddell, BSR'73, June 2, 1979 in
Nanaimo, B.C.
Beverly Pyjn©
Approaching Langley, we contacted the
tower and requested clearance to land.
ilt was *bttsyday and eventually we
were given the* tiumtaer three position to
land from -teveflyPyneltwas her last day
at the Lapgley tower and a quarter of an
hour beforeher lunch break. A few minutes
later, Bev shared a milkshake and some
thoughts about her transition from marine
biologist (unemployed), BSc'76, to air traffic controller (ATC)..
It might have been the job that did it:
minimum wage as a drapery presser is difficult medicine to swallow for a (keener who
moved to the west coast from Saskatchewan
to study marine biologyj "something you
couldn't get on the prairies.** B«f Bev didn't
have to keep that job long;— she yras laid off
a few days before Christinas— and a better
job followed, but still notthe "right*' one.
She had wanted to fly since her school
days, but "who had $500 in Gride 9?" and
again in university "but then it was
$1,000!'' Grwmation from UBC found her
no doser to the world of aviation* However,
one June day, a bicycle ride "ended up'' at
Vancouver International Airport's south
side (Bev once took a bicycle ride that
started in Victoria and "ended up'' in St.
John's, Newfoundland) the site of several
flying schools; arid soon" she had her "fetn"
(faroiliarizatiort) flight logged in what was
the begmninf of iter ajn-eat 250 hours flying time.
Her private license followed three
months later and was Soon joined by a night
endorsement, float endorsement and a
commercial pilot's license. Then her application for training as an ATC was accepted
(after die normally tough screening procedures) and a year-long training period began. She started in Castlegar) B.C. and then
moved on to the classroom sessions in
Cornwall, Ontario and finally back to
Langley where she completed her training,
on-the-job. Now a fully licenced ATC, Bev
moves on to Prince George where she will
monitor traffic ranging in size from two-
place trainers through Lear jets to Canadian
Pacific's scheduled 737s. Prince George
tower operates at night and as such will give
her quite a challenge in the visual separation
of traffic
How does being a pilot affect or help her
job? Sometimes, she says, she finds that she
almost gives herself clearances when she (as
a pilot) radios the tower. "So far, I haven't
done that." From the controlling viewpoint, however, a pilot's training is a benefit, "especially at first, when everything is
new."
Bev doesn't know where any of this will
lead, She agreed that she was probably the
type who gets an idea and "simply does it."
There will likely be larger towers with more
traffic (movements), radar or IFR (instrument flight rules) work; her short term goal
is flying more, obtaining her instructor's
ticket and teaching when not in the tower.
She is looking for an "older" personal plane
just now, possibly a Piper Tripacer or a
Cessna 150. She asked us to drop in on her
at Prince George where the "pilots come in
during the spring to have their skis changed
for floats. They land in the snow, wait a
while for the melt, put the floats on, and
then take off from the grass — just little
dollies under the pontoons." It's a sight
she's looking forward to. As for our finding
. Prince George from Vancouver: "Just keep
the mountains on your left, the river on the
right and go straight up."
That sounds like straightforward advice
from a woman who knows exactly where
she's going.
CJM
Chronicle/Winter /979 29 Chronicle
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Canadian Fiction Magazine features fiction, manifestoes, reviews, graphics,
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Crafts
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just for you. or someone you love? Contact Pat Cairns, 4424 West 2nd Ave..
Vancouver V6R IK5. Tel. 228-9319.
Lifestyles
UBC's Women's Resources Centre:
drop-in counselling, referral and lifestyle
planning. Ste. 1, 1144 Robson St., Vancouver, B.C. 685-3934.
Music
Sandy Beynon
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Classified. 6251 Cecil Green Park Road.
Vancouver. B.C. V6T 1X8(228-3313).
Mr. and Mrs. William Chapco, (Ellen J.
Hunter, BA'68, PhD'75), a daughter, Jane
Alexandra, September 9, 1979 in Regina, Saskatchewan....Mr. and Mrs. Richard R. King,
BSc'73, a son, Matthew Lewis, August 25,
1978 in Kelowna, B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Roger
F. McDonnell, BA'63,MA'65, PhD'75, (Barbara E. Neagele, BSc'69, MSc'74), a daughter,
Lillooet Nordlinger, August 12, 1979 in
Kelowna, BC Mr. and Mrs. Ian A. Paterson, PhD'73, (Barbara Goudy, BSc'65), a son,
Malcolm Hunter, September 18, 1979 in Vancouver, B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Brian T. Reid,
(Marilyn J. Thomas, BA'59),a son, Thor Kris-
toffer Goulding, June 7, 1979 in Delta,
B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Gary Smirfitt, BASc'72,
MASc'77, (Carla K. Smirfitt, BSc'72), a
daughter, Kristin Anne, October 7, 1979 in
Kitimat, B.C.
Deaths
George F. Fountain, BASc'22, February,
1979 in Vancouver. He served with the 196th
Western University Battalion and the 46th
Western Infantry Battalion in World War I.
One of UBC's first two graduates in civil engineering, he was employed by the City of Vancouver where he remained until his retirement
in 1963. Starting in the engineering department, he became assistant city engineer in
charge of surveys and planning. In 1952, when
the planning department was formed, he became assistant director of planning and later
was appointed as director of planning. Survived
by his wife, a son and a daughter, (Joyce R.
Fountain DesBrisay, BA'56).
Arnold Alexander Webster, BA'22, MA'28,
(BPaed, Toronto), July, 1979 in Vancouver.
Former CCF MLA, he represented Vancouver
East in the legislature from 1953-56 after his
election as party leader in 1953. He resigned his
seat and the leadership in 1956 but returned to
active politics in 1962 as the NDP MP for
Vancouver-Kingsway until 1965 and was a
member ofthe B.C. Parole Board from 1966-
71. He served 22 years on the Vancouver Parks
Board (1940-62), four of which were as chairman. In 1966 he was awarded "Freeman of the
City of Vancouver" for his service to the city
and the province of British Columbia. Despite
his long political career, his first calling was
teaching and he taught social studies, history
and English at the old Fairview high school of
commerce for 21 years including five years as
its principal. He was the B.C. representative on
the Canada Youth council and was the coauthor of Living Together in Canada, designed
for use in B.C. schools. Survived by his wife,
Daisy Webster, MA'68 and a son.
Albert Edward Jagger, BA'28, BASc'29,
March, 1977 in Panama City, Florida. Jagger
was president of the Science Undergraduate
Society (1927-28), and the Men's Undergraduate Society (1928-29) and a member of
Phi Kappa Pi fraternity. After graduating, he
worked for Canadian General Electric Co. at
Peterborough, Ontario until 1940 when he
joined the department of national defence with
Small Arms Ltd., where he was in charge of
production. In 1947 he moved to CCM, Wes
ton, Ontario and was vice-president and general manager of Standard Cycle Products (a
subsidiary) prior to his retirement. Survived by
his wife, Mary Elizabeth Guerney Jagger,
BA'27, MA'28, and two daughters.
Ralph Duncan James, BA'28, MA'30, (PhD,
Chicago), May 1979 on Saltspring Island, B.C.
In 1973 he retired as head of the mathematics
department of UBC after holding that position
for 25 years. He taught at the University of
California at Berkeley and at the University of
Saskatchewan where he became professor and
head in 1939 at the age of 30. He was elected a
Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1943
and throughout his career took an active part in
the revision of the school curriculum in
mathematics in British Columbia. James was a
member of numerous organizations and was
editor-in-chief (1957-62) of the American
Mathematical Monthly. He was a member ofthe
UBC senate for 13 years and was instrumental
in the formation of an Institute of Applied
Mathematics and Statistics at UBC. Survived
by his wife.
Donald John MacMillan, BA'43, September,
1979 in Orillia, Ontario. He was active in the
UBC Radio Society (including a term as president) and was a member of the honorary fraternity, Sigma Tau Chi. He served overseas with
the Canadian Army and was in radio and advertising in Calgary and Toronto. An instructor in
media at Georgian College, Barrie, Ontario, he
is survived by his wife, a son and a daughter.
Joseph S. Height, BA'44, MA'45....(PhD,
Berkeley), April, 1979 in Franklin, Indiana. A
professor emeritus at Franklin College, Height
taught for 15 years, twice serving as head ofthe
modern foreign language department where he
introduced linguistics studies. In 1972 he published his first cultural history, Paradise on the
Steppe and three years later published its companion volume, Homesteaders on the Steppe —
both the result of a 20-year study. In addition to
his major books, (the last, Memories ofthe Black
Sea Germans, published posthumously). Dr.
Height authored numerous publications and
has translated and edited several German
works. Survived by his wife and two daughters.
Margaret Smith Croucher, Dip. Public
Health '48, BSR'64, April, 1979 in Stealer,
Alberta. She spent three years with the Saskatchewan department of health prior to joining the Vancouver branch of the Victorian
Order of Nurses. A member of the first UBC
class in rehabilitation medicine, she was instrumental in incorporating rehabilitation
medicine into the VON home visiting program.
The school of rehabilitation medicine has established the UBC Margaret Croucher Memorial
Fund in her honor. Donations may be forwarded through the UBC Alumni Fund.
Emil W. Gundrum, BEd'64, December, 1978
in Kelowna, B.C. Gundrum began his teaching
career in Vancouver and then moved to the
Okanagan in 1953. For the past 11 years he was
principal of South Rutland Elementary School.
He served as president of the Kelowna
Teachers' Association and president of the
Principals' Association. Survived by his wife
and two daughters (Carolyn Gundrum Siar-
kiewiz, BEd'71).
Sandra J. Garvie, MLS'74, September, 1979
in Edmonton, Alberta. She was a librarian for
the Legal Resources Centre in Edmonton. A
memorial scholarship is being funded in her
name through the Legal Resources Centre.
Contributions can be sent to the centre at
10047-81st Ave., Edmonton, Alberta, T6E
iw7. a
30 Chronicle/u/!M.r .979 Here is a selection of good
FrenchTABLE WINES
The French call the wines
they drink every day at
meals "Table Wines".
They are a blend of wines
from the various wine
producing regions of
France.
These are good honest
wines with no pretension
of being "Appellation
Controlee" but can accompany and enhance
an everyday meal.
Test the following and
discover which is most
compatible with your
individual preference.
CRUSE TRADITION
(red)
Cruse Tradition is an elegant,
delicate red wine with a bouquet that lingers, and a rich
dark ruby colour. It is dry, robust, harmonious. It is a wine
of quality. (3501)*
CRUSE TRADITION
(white)
Cruse Tradition is an excellent
white table wine. It is very dry
and supple, elegant and full of
finesse and liveliness. Honour
your guests by serving this
wine, delicately fruity with
magnificent bouquet. (3506)*
CALVET
BLANC DE BLANCS
(Pronounced Blawn duh
Blawn). Dry, supple and fruity.
Delicate and refreshing, with
all characteristics of an easy
and well balanced wine. Serve
chilled with all types of seafood and white meats. (4030)*
CALVET LION D'OR
A dry white table wine—fruity
and well-balanced, with very
pleasant bouquet. Served chilled. Especially good with seafood and entrees. Available in
litre bottles. (3460)*
For free literature on serving and enjoying French wines, write: The Canadian
Council of French Wines, P.O. Box 9660, Main Post Off ice, Vancouver, B.C.V6B4G3.
MOC-BARIL
"LA MARINIERE"
'La Mariniere' is a truly dry,
crisp, French white. From the
cellars of Moc-Baril, a fourth-
generation family winery,
who introduced the select
Loire white Vouvray, comes
the wine for 'fruits de mer1 or
other occasions. (34671*
CALVET
LION ROUGE
This supple and palatable red
table wine exhales a delicate
perfume. It is fruity, though of
good constitution. Serve at
room temperature or slightly
chilled to accompany meat,
poultry and cheeses. Available
in litre bottles. (3349)*
Stock no's, for your convenience.
The Wines of France
^T THE PEOPLE'S REPUBLIC OF
CHINA
a. ■'.      r -* .
e<-.'i   <>   .V' -.
if^ti___!^___S^^-_S_^^^LV«!'!>'£''!« "j''Xj*_^3- ,A**™*t,
«3PW&S__fei«'-   ™_.
^_r*P__^__3K23K_S*_l_ri**'' j*1*   j     .(„HMg.<_     -">.
Japan Air Lines, and two of Canada's most
experienced China tour operators, invite you to visit
one ofthe world's most fascinating destinations, and
meet its charming people.
CANADIAN FRIENDSHIP TOURS: 27 departures from Vancouver and
San Francisco, 23 to 27
days, March through
November, 1980. Peking is
included in all itineraries,
along with many other exciting China destinations.
Plus the bonus of Manila
and Hong Kong.
FIVE "SPECIAL
INTEREST TOURS. A
summer excursion through
Inner Mongolia. And three
departures featuring a
. steamer cruise through
the Yangtze River Gorges
from Chungking to Wuhan.
ChangsbMI
TRAVEL UNLIMITED TOURS: Monthly Vancouver departures throughout 1980,, all featuring
Peking, Shanghai, Canton, Hangchow,' and the ancient
capital of Sian. 17 days in China on every tour, with
4 bonus days in Hong Kong.
And a best-selling
bonus: The 200 page
"JAL Guide to the People's
Republic of China" as a gift
to each China tour participant. (Also available
for $4 from offices
listed below.)
Say "Sayonara" to
your neighbours, and let
us introduce you to one
of ours,
Discover China. With
japan Air Lines.
For further information Or a brochure, see your
travel agent or contact JAL
The way we are is the way we fly.
,„  U/XPAN AIR LINES
111 Hornby Street, Vancouver, B.C. Phone (604) 688-6611
111 Richmond St West, Toronto, Ontario. Phone (416) 364-7226

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