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UBC Alumni Chronicle Jun 30, 1979

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 y      :■    -i
All Dressed Up and Nowhere To Go I
Carrinston: Fir^t Class.
An elegant shape is very cften
a reflection of qua ity ^^ |UBC ALUMNI ■ |
Volume 33, Number 2 Summer 1979
All Dressed Up and Nowhere To Go
Clive Cocking
Food and Agricultural Scientists,
Chemists and even Psychologists
Seek the Ingredients
Tim Padmore
Residence Life, A Lesson in Living
Daphne Gray-Grant
Twenty Years of Literary Light
Geoff Hancock
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
COVER Annette Bruekelman
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, Chair; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46 MA'48
deputy-chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA'75; Paul Hazell, BCom'60
Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, MFA'75
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67; Murray McMillan; Bel
Nemetz, BA'35; Lorraine Shore, BA'67; Nancy Woo, BA'69.
Alumni Media: Vancouver (604) 688-6819
Toronto (416) 781-6957
By special arrangement this issue of the Chronicle carries as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
university administration's campus publication. The
UBC information office has responsibility for the editorial content and production of UBC Reports.
ISSN 0041-4999
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered. BUSINESS AND
EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8, (604J-228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni
Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are
available at S3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES:
Send new address with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8.
Return Requested.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 8568
Member, Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
Indexed in Canadian Education Index
President's Message:
Welcome and congratulations to the more than 3,000
graduates of the Class of '79 who are joining our alumni
ranks this year. You have helped to push our
membership to 90,000 — an impressive body when one
considers that our university is only 64 years old. We do
well to remember that each graduate is the result of the
vision, energies, devotion and competence of a host of
people, past and present: professors, instructors,
administrators and staff. In addition, the taxes and gifts
from the public of British Columbia have combined with
the human factors to bring UBC to its position of
greatness today.
Our success, individually as graduates, is measured by
our personal impact and example within the families we
build, the professions or vocations we serve and the
communities in which we live. Our success as an alumni
organization is measured in terms of our continuing
commitment to the support of a vital university.
To ensure the continued success ofthe association,
your 1978 board of management established a long range
planning committee to make recommendations on five
year goals and objectives. The committee found it should
fulfill three functions. Briefly stated, they are:
Providing publications and programs to reach alumni
and others to inform them about university affairs.
University Advocacy
Presenting to government bodies, particularly the
Government of British Columbia, representations
supporting the university. Another part of this
function is the independent expression of concerns of
the alumni to the adminisixation, faculty, senate and
board of governors on university issues. Development
and recruitment of volunteers to serve on university
governing bodies as well as the alumni association is
the final part of this function.
Fund Raising
Increasing the involvement of alumni volunteers in
fund raising and increasing the personal financial
commitment of its members to UBC Alumni Fund
As your incoming president, my objective is to
implement these recommendations through the board of
management, after proper debate and required approval.
Our actions will be communicated to alumni members
through the Chronicle.
I congratulate the newly-elected board members and
express my appreciation to them and the other members
of your board who are continuing with their further term
of office. I look forward to working with them.
I also thank the others who are not continuing in an
active role but who have devoted many hours to the
association. They have left us a valued legacy of
enthusiasm, loyalty and example.
George Plant, BASc'50
President, 1979-80
Chronicle I Summer 1979 3 4 Chronicle/Summer 1979 The Young Graduates:
All Dressed Up and Nowhere To Go
Clive Cocking
When a survey reveals, as one did
recently, that half the topless
waitresses and exotic dancers in
Toronto's bars have university degrees,
you know the country is in a mess. This is
not to imply a criticism of the young
ladies' physical charms or dancing skills
(on that, as they say, further research is
needed), but to indicate that this statistic
is one of the starker signs of our times: the
denial of serious career opportunities for
our youth. Canada is guilty — at a time
when the reverse should be true — of
squandering the education, energy and intellectual talents of numerous young
Almost half of our current Depression-
level unemployment is made up of young
men and women under the age of 24, a
total of more than 420,000 individuals.
The unemployment rate for that age
group, at 15.6 percent, is the highest it's
been in a decade and dangerously close to
twice the overall national average of 8 percent. The dismal irony is that this is the
best-educated, best-trained generation of
young Canadians ever: in 1966, barely a
seventh of new entrants to the work force
had post-secondary training, now they
represent a third.
But the most serious failing, considering the increasingly glaring structural
malaise in our economy, is the gloomy
career prospects for university graduates
in many fields, particularly those with advanced degrees interested in university
teaching or research careers. Currently
6.6 percent of young university graduates
in Canada — 39,000 men and women —
have been unable to find employment.
That rate, of course, varies depending on
the specialization — arts grads generally
have more difficulty than professional
school grads — and on the province —
recent grads in the industrial heartland of
Ontario are among the hardest hit, while
the university jobless for Alberta and
British Columbia (which totals 4,000) is
below the national average. A UBC office
of student services survey of 1978
graduates found that, as of the beginning
of this year, an average of 4.9 percent were
unable to find jobs. The incidence ranged
from zero unemployment for nursing and
law grads to 1.4 percent for home
economists, 6.8 percent for forestry, 7.7
percent for applied science, 8.5 percent
for arts, 10.7 percent for agricultural science — right up to 15.2 percent for architecture grads.
But the statistics do not tell the full
story, they only hint at the severity of the
crisis. For one thing, there is, as in the
unemployment picture generally, an element of invisible unemployment — an
unknown proportion of university
graduates who have simply stopped looking for jobs. The current rise in part-time
students in our universities may partly
reflect this. There is also no clear, accurate
picture available of how many recent
graduates are actually employed in their
own professional fields or in areas direcdy
related to their education. The UBC student services survey indicates a high
proportion of grads in many fields may
have had to settle for jobs totally unrelated
to their specializations; for example, 32.3
percent of secondary teachers and 39.3
percent of elementary teachers who
graduated last year had failed to obtain
full-time teaching positions but almost all
have jobs of some kind. The report cites
numerous instances of graduates forced to
work at positions far below their educational qualifications: the teacher working
as a janitor, the microbiologist working as
a sales clerk, the psychology grad working
as a waitress, the physical education grad
working as a receptionist, the zoologist
working for a tire company and on the list
goes. And there are no clear signs on the
horizon yet that the career prospects of
recent university graduates will soon improve.
"Millions of Canadian young people are
heading for a rendezvous with frustration," Dr. Desmond Morton, vice-
principal of Erindale College, University
of Toronto, warned recently in the Toronto
Star. "The belief that education is the key
to success may be one of the casualties
when the second half of the baby bulge
hits the job market."
The danger of this is real and imminent
— and it would be one of the worst things
to happen to this country. If Canada is
ever to stop being a nation of hewers of
wood and drawers of water, we need more
— not less — commitment to education.
It is no accident that our economy is in a
shambles — that our dollar has collapsed,
that we're being drained by a huge current
account deficit, that we have experienced
the highest unemployment since the Depression. We've been living in an unreal
world too long: maintaining an artificially
high standard of living based on massive
exports of natural resources and high inflows of foreign investment, while neglecting the development of sophisticated,
high-technology industries. Now the
crunch has come and Canada finds it's
being squeezed out of world markets right
across the board, even in the resource sector (where B.C.'s forest products have
been steadily losing ground), but most
severely in manufactured goods — our
share of world manufactured goods dropped from 5.6 percent in 1970 to 3.8 percent in 1975. It's no accident either that
the nations whose economies are currently
most buoyant — Japan, West Germany,
Switzerland, Sweden — have nothing like
our abundant natural resources but do
have an immense commitment to education, research and development, and
high-technology industry.
"Canada is failing in its rate of
technological progress and lags in the application of knowledge, information, and
organization in economic activity,"
economists John Britton and James Gilmour warned in a recent Science Council
study, The Weakest Link: A Technological
Perspective on Canadian Industrial
Under-development. "Canada's R&D [research and development] performance is
about the worst in the western world!
OECD data on R&D performance show
Canada rises to mid-rank (of 10 countries)
in education variables conducive to innovation. As of the late 1960s Canada ranks
near the bottom of the group surveyed in
terms of R&D employment, expenditure
(especially that financed by business) and
scientific production. Looking at
employment in R&D, Canada ranks second last in the survey group (R&D
personnel/100 population) in 1967 and in
1971. While other countries were expanding at rates up to eight percent per annum,
Canada's R&D employment has fallen."
The problem is that, up to now, we've
been able to live so high off all our other
natural resources that we've never effectively exploited the most important resource: our brainpower. Now it has suddenly become clear that the key factors for
economic success are not so much natural
resources as high quality managerial, engineering and technical skills — and scientific innovation. Thus the real hot
growth sectors in international trade are in
such research-dependent areas as chemicals, electronics and transportation
Chronicle/Summer 1979 5 equipment which, despite economic
slowdowns, are growing faster than trade
as a whole. But with an economy that,
according to the Science Council, is only
"semi-industrial," Canada is ill-equipped
to get much of the action. It's as though we
haven't been paying attention to how the
world has changed since the Second
World War.
"A knowledge-dependent society has
emerged in the developed world over the
past three decades and technological work
undertaken within industry to solve product or production problems has grown
enormously," said Britton and Gilmour in
The Weakest Link. "Industrial success
over the period, therefore, has tended to
depend in part on the national effort put
into this type of work. The 'third wave of
industrialization' is identified not only by
an increase in the importance of scientists
in industry but also by the development of
management functions. There have been
other changes also, especially in the expansion of the design professions (including engineering) that interconnect marketing functions with production and
product technology. Design activity,
however, is not necessarily dependent on
in-house scientific work, because in many
product areas 'new' knowledge is widely
available. An effective design and management workforce is required for industry to establish an innovative capacity.
Without this, Canada's market has been
penetrated by imports, and exports of
secondary manufactures have declined.
Without successful management new
market possibilities have not been perceived and as an indirect consequence,
productivity lags behind economies with a
wider range of products entering international markets."
We have, to use a McLuhanism, been
marching steadily backward into the future. Yet while we now find ourselves flat
on our collective derriere, no one in power
seems to either understand or be prepared
to do what is needed. Our policy-makers
are instead busy playing populist political
games, seizing on across-the-board Proposition 13-style cutbacks as the key to
electoral success — perhaps even as a solution to our economic crisis. No one denies
that economy and efficiency in government are much in need of re-emphasis,
6 Chronicle/Summer 1979
but in Canada's current plight it is clearly
counter-productive and tragically shortsighted to cut back spending on education
and R&D.
What is now happening in Ontario,
therefore, has to be viewed as ominous for
all of Canada. Ontario has traditionally
been the industrial powerhouse of Canada
— the centre of most of our sophisticated
technology — and the leader in higher
education. But lately that reputation has
become much in doubt as the economic
slump that affects us all has hit old Ontario with a vengeance and massive budget
cuts are the order of the day. Caught between the government's draconian cutbacks, inflation and declining enrolments,
the universities are the most tragic victims
of these hard times. What is now underway, in effect, is the dismantling of much
of the province's higher education system.
Ontario universities, in fact, have been
feeling the squeeze since 1970 due to inadequate government operating grants,
but the financial situation turned into a
sharp pinch three years ago with the start
of declining enrolments. Across the system undergraduate enrolment has dropped 6.5 percent in the past two academic
years, with some universities suffering
more than others — last year Windsor
registered a 10 percent decline compared
to the Univeristy of Toronto's 3.6 percent
drop. This has meant an inevitable loss of
income to the universities since their revenues — grants and fees — are tied to
enrolment. And the bind is likely to get
tighter: the government recently allowed
only a 4.9 percent increase in university
grants for 1979-80 and a 5 percent tuition
fee increase. Faced with still sliding enrolments and rising fixed costs (mostly
salaries), this increase is regarded as far
from adequate. The university system has
been forced into serious belt-tightening
(purchases of books, periodicals and scientific equipment have been cut 5 percent) and even more drastic measures are
considered unavoidable.
Three radical options, proposed by the
Ontario Council on University Affairs, are
currently being seriously examined. They
involve: closing or modifying the roles of
satellite campuses (for example, the U of
T's Scarborough or Erindale campuses
and York's Glendon campus); merging
undergraduate programs at adjacent universities (for example, in Ottawa or
Waterloo); and increasing undergraduate
role differentiation in the system (by some
universities, for example, eliminating
high-cost honors programs where demand
has declined). Almost all of the universities are wrestling with a further response
that seems inescapable: reduction of faculty. To achieve balanced budgets by
1981-82 without cutting salaries, the
OCUA has calculated that 1,086 faculty
positions will have to be terminated. But
normal attrition and retirements are expected to reduce ranks by only 250 a year,
so it appears 336 faculty members will
have to be dismissed in the next three
It's not expected to stop there. Faculty
reductions may go further as Ontario is
projected to experience a 16 percent decline in its university-age population between 1982 and 1996. The current falling
enrolments, of course, don't yet reflect
this trend, but they do reflect a dramatic
turning away from higher education by
disenchanted young people. And since the
universities are currently more inclined to
fire than to hire, post-graduate students
seem to be leading the flight: enrolments
of master's and first-stage doctoral students in Ontario in 1977-78 were down 9
percent over the previous year and enrolments of second-stage doctoral students in
the period fell 16 percent.
"The really serious implication in all
this," said Dr. James Downey, academic
vice-president of Carleton University, "is
that we're not attracting into the profession enough really well-trained, bright
young people to provide enough of the
ginger and enthusiasm that universities
will need over the next 10 years. We have a
kind of locked-out generation of scholars."
While things are far from rosy in B.C.,
our universities have so far not experienced anything like the trauma now racking the Ontario university system. For
one thing, after a dip a few years ago,
enrolments are generally rising moderately: although the University of Victoria
registered 38 less students this fall, Simon
Fraser was up 7.7 percent and UBC's enrolment was up one percent. Nor is B.C.
expected to be as hard hit by the nationwide decline in the university-age population. It was recently projected that B.C.'s
university-age group would peak in 1983
and then fall 14.6 percent by 1995, but
grow again to be 8.9 percent above the
peak year in 2001. B.C.'s universities,
never opulently endowed, have also not
been financially cut to the bone: up to now
provincial operating grants have at least
been above institutional subsistence
But university administrators are under
no illusions that B.C.'s universities are
impervious to feeling shock waves from
the Ontario experience. This is, after all,
the Year of the Cutback and politicians are
imitative creatures. Already the universities are in a lean, no-growth state and
concern is growing as to the possible impact of this on future manpower needs and
on the intellectual vitality of the universities themselves. Faculty reductions may
not be taking place as in Ontario, but
neither are many additional new faculty
being hired in B .C.: the door is essentially
closed on young people interested in research or university teaching careers.
"There is just no opportunity, no room
at the bottom for young people," said Dr.
William Gibson, chairman ofthe Universities Council of British Columbia, who
regards the lack of opportunities for young academics as a major concern.
"That is why Senator [David] Croll's
machinations to get mandatory retirement
upped to 70 would be just disastrous for
No one seriously maintains that, once
past 50, professors automatically become
out-dated and incompetent, but it's recognized that there can be hardening of the
intellectual and creative arteries of any
university that lacks a regular infusion of
bright young scholars. Although most
Canadian academics now are in the
middle-age range (74 percent are aged 30
to 49), the problem of aging faculty will
become increasingly acute if the present
trend continues. In one response, the
Canadian Association of University
Teachers recently opposed any suggestion
of raising the mandatory retirement age to
70 in a brief to the Senate committee
studying the matter, proposing instead "a
flexible system which would allow early
retirement without actuarial penalty, an
equitable voluntary half-time status, an
adequate pension at 65 for those who wish
to retire at that age and the right for those
who so desire and remain capable of doing
so to continue in employment." In Ontario, several universities are examining
plans (and Western has adopted one) to
allow early retirement at 55, so as to open
up positions for younger academics. At
UBC, a faculty committee is exploring a
variety of options from part-time and limited term appointments, to special research fellowships, to early retirement.
"We are currently talking with the administration about early retirement, but
nothing has been decided," said Dr. Olav
Slaymaker, president ofthe UBC Faculty
Association. "We have evidence that
people would like to have this option, but
clearly the complicating factor is the pension schemes."
The UBC administration welcomes the
idea of early retirement in principle.
"We'd like to do that very much," said
Dr. Erich Vogt, vice-president, faculty
and student affairs. "But with 10 percent
inflation it's almost impossible to construct a pension plan that would make it
possible and I don't think the public is
willing to allow any more indexed pensions."
But what is ultimately most important
is not methodology but commitment to
ensure that the current generation of students and recent graduates are not locked
out of university research and teaching
careers. And all this goes beyond questions of justice or the vitality of universities: it comes down finally to a matter of
wise public policy. The evidence is
mounting that this is not the time to restrict, or stop, the development of Canada's universities, but to expand them in a
rational, planned way.
There is, first, the clear evidence —
revealed by our stunning decline in industrial and export strength — that we
cannot expect to play in the economic big
leagues unless we make more and better
use of highly-skilled manpower in our
economy. And then, ironically enough for
a time of sizeable unemployment among
university graduates, there are signs that
our universities even now are not producing enough graduates in a number of
fields. This is a reflection of university
underdevelopment, cutbacks in federal
government support for scientific research and a drift of students away from
unpromising fields in recent years. University enrolments in the physical sciences, for example, are currently only half
what they were eight years ago. "We're
already at the point where we're producing far too few people in science and
technology," says Dr. Vogt.
It's important to remember that it was
only with the explosive growth ofthe Sixties that Canadian universities began to
develop the range of undergraduate and
graduate programs needed in a modern
university. But in B.C.'s universities, at
least, there are still some areas of underdevelopment — in professional and
specialized fields — which means young
British Columbians are deprived of opportunities while trained people are imported from elsewhere. Our universities
still do not meet provincial needs, for
example, for dentists, speech and hearing
therapists, lawyers, some specialist
teachers, and, most glaringly, doctors —
where last year B.C. licensed 460 doctors
but only produced 79.
It's a bizarre situation and it's likely to
become even more bizarre. Over the past
decade the federal government has had a
policy of restricting federal contributions
to scientific and medical research, with
the result that numerous graduate students left Canada's university labs for
other fields. But in June, 1978, the federal
government suddenly awakened to the
connection between a slumping economy
and non-support of research and announced a major program of renewed federal support of science and technology. It
involved, first, an immediate $28.7 mill
ion increase in federal contributions to
research and development and then, most
important of all, the setting of a new national target for R&D expenditures of 1.5
percent of gross domestic product by
1983, up from just under one percent
now. The goal would be achieved through
tax incentives, direct industry assistance,
changes in federal procurement policies,
increased university research funding and
establishment of five regional university-
based Industrial Research and Innovation
Centres. The subsequent cutbacks in
support for the research funding agencies,
announced later in August as part of the
new federal restraint program, seemed
contradictory but the new R&D target has
not been rescinded so one has to assume
that the policy stands. Government, after
all, works in mysterious ways.
The problem is that the new expanded
research and development effort is going
to require a massive increase in the
number of PhDs produced by Canadian
universities. And it takes at least five years
to train a PhD beyond the baccalaureate
"With the students presently going
through graduate studies, it will be impossible to mount that kind of expansion," said Dr. Howard Petch, president
of the University of Victoria. "We simply
cannot produce the number of graduates
that are required — they're not in the
stream. I believe we're going to have an
extreme manpower shortage in the next
five to 10 years in all the sciences and
applied sciences."
So what does this mean? It means we'll
be right back to importing foreigners to
fill university and research posts as we did
in the Sixties. And another generation of
young Canadians will be locked out of
career opportunities. When are we going
to stop wasting the talent of our own
people^ □
Clive Cocking, BA'61, a former editor ofthe
Chronicle, has a book in his typewriter on
the recent federal election.
Chronicle I Summer 1979 7 im ~,i '**■/£ d&
The Volkswagen Rabbit with the
optional diesel engine is the only car
in Canada that can make this statement. Mainly because it's the only
car in Canada that can make this
trip, in this kind of style, for this kind
of money.
This remarkable automobile has
•been rewriting record books, setting
new standards and generally turning
dieseldom upside down ever since
we introduced it in 1977
The Rabbit Diesel started out by
setting a standard for automobile fuel
economy that had never been heard
of before, and still has not been
equalled. (It has the best Transport
Canada comparative fuel consumption rating at 5.1 litres per 100 kilometres t .)
In a gruelling 50,000 kilometres
test, the Rabbit Diesel set an astounding 31 world records for a 1500cc
diesel-powered car. Speed records
were among the most noteworthy.
From a standing start, it can reach
80 km/hr in 12.3 seconds. Its top
speed will be frowned upon by the
local constabulary. And it has the fortitude to perform like this all day long.
And since the diesel engine works
on a different principle than a gas
engine, it can do without things like
spark plugs, ignition coil, distributor,
points, condenser and carburetor.
Another nice thing about this extraordinary engine is, it comes wrapped up in an extraordinary automobile. The "Volkswagen Rabbit.
Besides being an inspiration for
other car manufacturers, the Rabbit
has proven to be a joy to the folks
who own one. You can expect first
class treatment no matter how long a
trjp you take. ■>-•„%■ <»_-
Each seat is orthopaedically designed to help comfort your back no
matter how back-breaking the trip is.
Each bucket seat is specially cushioned and bolstered to resist lateral
movement. So you'll stay nicely
in your place even through the
winding roads of the Rockies. You'll
also enjoy more head and leg room
than you'll find in some bigger cars.
As well as more useable cargo
And to smooth out some of our
long lonesome roads, the Rabbit has
four wheel independent suspension
for the bumps plus rack and pinion
steering for the corners.
For safety's sake, the Rabbit has
front wheel drive for better traction
and handling. A dual diagonal
braking system so if one system were
to ever fail, there's another to back it
up. Front wheel disc brakes. Steel-
belted radial tires. Plus negative
steering roll radius to help maintain
directional control when the going
gets slippery.
All in all, the Rabbit Diesel has
plenty to recommend it over the long
haul. But you don't have to drive one
across the country to be convinced.
See your Volkswagen dealer.
And drive one across town.
Don't settle for less.
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VW logo, Volkswagen and Rabbit are registered trademarks owned by: Volkswagenwerk A.G., West Germany. Registered user: Volkswagen Canada Inc., Toronto. In Search of
the Perfect Food
Food and agricultural scientists,
chemists and even psychologists
seek the ingredients
Tim Padmore
Food processing has been around a
long time, since Charles Lamb's roast
pig or some similar primeval discovery of the benefits of cooking and preserving. But until World War II commercial
processing of food consisted of basically
the same procedures used in home cooking.
Today 75 per cent ofthe food consumed
in Canada is factory processed and unless
your kitchen contains a chemistry
laboratory there is no way you could duplicate the products of the food industry.
Whether that is a good thing or a bad thing
is a subject of debate.. .like the discussion
that took place one afternoon recently in
the UBC department of food science.
Some excerpts:
Dr. William Powrie, department head:
"I think we're eating better than our ancestors. We have a greater variety of
foods, there's more fruit in our diet and
more protein than we need, although
whether that is good is still debatable."
Dr. Philip Townsley, (BSA'49), food
chemist, food and wine lover: "I'm really
surprised when I go into dairy cities in the
U.S. and I'm fed dry coffee creamer when
there are all those cows standing around."
Simulated whipped cream and orange
drinks now sell better than the natural
products they replace, notes Powrie.
"Consumers are willing to accept substitutes. Price is a factor in that."
Dr. Shuryo Nakai comments on artificial orange drinks: "The most nutrition
you can expect from natural orange juice
is ascorbic acid (vitamin C) and Tang has
Townsley disagrees: "There are also
amino acids and fibre. They're there in
small amounts, but they're important
amounts." But says Nakai, you shouldn't
depend on orange juice for those nutrients
Powrie offers a personal view: "It
doesn't really matter whether it's simulated food or not, as long as you enjoy the food. As we all know, natural food is not
necessarily the best..." and he explains for
example how we are shortchanged by
whole wheat bread because the whole
kernels can't be digested and trap useful
nutrients. Synthetic foods, he adds, give
the food manufacturer a chance to balance
nutrients and improve on nature.
Nakai, speculatively: "Maybe if we can
add all the nutrients into one food, if we
can make one well-balanced food, you
could eat this three times a day and the
rest of your life you could eat anything you
want, subject to a calorie limitaion."
The perfect food. Packages, perhaps, in
different appetizing forms: Apple pie or
steak on the outside but pure nutrition on
the inside. Food chemists are a long way
from achieving that, but the first steps are
being taken.
Nakai, for example, is working on
something we might call "super-juice."
He uses an enzyme (one sometimes found
in meat tenderizers) to break down large
milk proteins into small but equally nutritious pieces.
The product, which doesn't look much
different than the powdered milk he starts
with, can be mixed with acidic drinks like
orange juice or lemonade without curdling. It doesn't turn the drink cloudy and it
doesn't change the taste. But it gives the
drink the same protein punch as milk, in
addition to the sugar and vitamins the
drink contained already. The research is
sponsored by the Canadian Dairy Commission, which will decide whether to
pursue the idea commercially.
(On a lab scale the process costs about
three times as much as the raw material,
powdered milk, but may be as much as
five times cheaper when the method is
developed and put into mass production,
says the chemist.)
A whole range of traditional foods are
being modified or replaced by synthetic or
(the preferred word) "simulated" versions: There are artificial tomatoes, nuts,
butter, cheese, turkey, sausages, steak,
eggs, chocolate and fruits. But there are
definite limitations to what food
technologists can do. For example, says
Powrie, nobody has successfully simulated the flavor and texture of meat, although heroic efforts have been made.
The base for ersatz meat is soybeans.
The protein is extracted with petroleum
solvent, alcohol and hydrochloric acid.
Then it's dissolved in alkali, precipitated
in acid and the precipitated threads
soaked in artificial binders, flavors and
colors. The bundles of fibres are chopped
and molded and mixed with fat, vitamins
and minerals to produce approximations
to chicken, ham, beefsteak or turkey.
But approximations only. The "mouth
feel" is wrong and the flavor, somehow
off. "The nose," says Powrie, "is still our
best instrument for determining volatile
(i.e. smellable) components. No scientific
instrument can match it."
The new technology presents regulators with new dilemmas. The Canadian
food and drug regulations, for example,
insist that artificial meat have a minimum
protein content and specified levels of
seven vitamins and five minerals and set a
25 per cent ceiling on fat.
But what sorts of fat are allowed? After
all, some are more important to nutrition
and tissue building than others. A meat
replacement should be at least as useful as
the real thing, but because of legal and
scientific ambiguities, that is not guaranteed.
The development of more nutritious
foods is waiting for some very basic and
well-studied questions to be answered.
Cholesterol, for instance. Once damned,
it is now being rehabilitated, although fats
and sugar are still on the list of abused
substances. It was thought that foods high
in cholesterol, like butter and eggs, were
the cause of cholesterol-containing
plaques that clog our arteries. But it
turned out that two-thirds of the body's
cholesterol is synthesized inside the body.
Today it appears that artery clogging is
more a result of metabolic derangement.
Diet probably plays a part in this, not
through cholesterol, but through excessive fat and sugar intake. Another example is fibre, which was thought to prevent
conditions ranging from gallstones to
It tastes like tomato paste. It looks like
tomato paste. But what it is, is
cial Tomato Extender for Non-retort
Processing, and this is what's in it:
Sugar                                       '
OK Instant Keojel 30 (pre
gelatinized waxy maize starch) 30.1600
Instant   Textaid (modified
food starch)
Anhydrous citric acid
Malic acid
Anhydrous ascorbic acid
(vitamin C)
Sodium citrate
FD & C yellow 5 (coloring)
FD & C red 40
FD & C blue 1
Aromalok artificial
tomato flavor 180800
Source:  Durkee Industrial
Group, SCM Corp.
Not only foods, but the containers
they come in, are undergoing a
There are cans that heat themselves
piping hot, and others that chill
themselves on opening. There are
instant martinis — the alcohol and
flavorings are held in tiny capsules
that burst when water is added.
UBC has made an important
contribution to the field with the
development of the first
pouched-packed meals in North
America, done in consultation with
Swan Valley Foods. The popular
pouches, which disappeared from the
market in 1977 as a result of corporate
takeovers, are coming back this year.
Because little time is needed to
sterilize food packaged in the thin
plastic pouches, the texture, color,
aroma and flavor are comparable to a
freshly-prepared product. And it's
just as quick and convenient to heat
the meals — you just drop the pouch
in boiling water for a few minutes.
Other advantages: Long shelf life,
room-temperature storage, no added
preservatives, and high nutrient value
because ofthe short cooking time.
Chronicle/Summer 1979  11 requei
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cancer, but which failed in recent experiments to give the expected protection in
test rats.
Of course Canadians can, if they
choose, continue to be well nourished by
sucking to traditional foods. Prof. Indrajit
Desai, a nutritionist in the school of home
economics, says the good old Canada
Food rules (which don't mention textured
vegetable protein) are a solid guide.
"Convenience foods are substitutes, but
they are not necessarily ever going to be
ideal. They're a second choice to the ideal
choice wherein the benefit is convenience."
Eating well on natural foods need not be
expensive, he said, even as it was announced the price of food had jumped 19
per cent over the previous year. "Take a
simple thing like a potato — besides
starch it has vitamin C and six or eight
trace minerals, especially iron in the
Canadians on the whole are quite well
nourished, according to the Nutrition
Canada study done a few years back. The
only important widespread deficit was a
mysterious lack of folate in the blood, an
indicator of folic acid intake. Folic acid is
important in cell reproduction, but despite the widespread incidence of "high
risk" folate deficiency, no clinical
symptoms were observed that could be
attributed to the deficiency. (Nutrition
researcher Joseph Leichter in home
economics is working on trying to sort out
the folic acid mystery.)
Canada's main nutrition problem is
obesity and its accompanying health risks.
But for 600 million other people in the
world — those who get less than
minimum quantities of protein or calories
— the problems of nutrition are quite different.
Desai's special interest is the nutrition
of these other populations. He spent the
last year on leave in Brazil at the University of Sao Paulo studying migrant workers known as "boia fria" or "cold-meal
They are victims of social miscalculation, a class which did not exist a generation ago but sprang up as a result of
changes in land ownership rules. Today
they constitute 10 per cent of the urban
population. The families live in slums on
the edge of town and the men are picked
up in flatbed trucks each day to work in
the fields. The men are undernourished
for the heavy labor they do, and the
women are inactive and obese.
Desai did not recommend a food giveaway program, but a longer-term effort to
train the women in nutrition and the use
of inexpensive local foods. Money that
could go on nutritious food is spent on
alcohol, coffee and TV sets, he sighed.
"Eighty per cent of the slum homes have
TV. Well, the least they could do would be
to put some programs on nutrition on
Food technology, also, has different
12 Chronicle/Summer 1979 priorities when it comes to the world's
hungry. The correct mouth feel is not as
important as having something in your
The emphasis, at UBC and elsewhere,
is on protein, which contains amino acids,
the basic building blocks of human tissues. Non-meat sources like soybeans,
fish and cereal grains are receiving increasing attention. Even flies that breed
and feed on manure have been proposed
as a protein source. At UBC Townsley has
found that bacteria can convert wood
chips into useful protein. So far, only for
animal feed, but "it's possible that sawdust may one day end up on the dinner
table," he says.
Lack of adequate protein intake can
have gross effects. Memory readily recalls
the shocking pictures of Biafran children
suffering from kwashiorkor. But less serious protein deficiencies are more widespread, and the effects are not well understood.
Patricia Gallo in home economics is
studying the subtle effects of protein deficiency on behavior. She has just finished a
series of experiments in which mother rats
were protein deprived during pregnancy
and nursing and the offspring tested for
their response to stress — they were taken
from a cosy cage and put in an unfamiliar
open area. Levels of corticosterone, a
hormone indicative of stress were measured as well. The results are still being
analyzed, but Dr. Gallo expects that the
deprived rats will turn out to be
hyperemotional compared to controls.
That was the result she got in earlier experiments with kittens. Protein-deprived
kittens were more easily upset and not as
easily comforted by their mothers and
they learned more slowly to find their way
around their cage.
There is evidence, she says, that the
same sort of things happen with humans if
the developing brain has too little protein.
No one is doing controlled experiments
depriving children of protein, but there
are data from postwar followups of deprived children indicating that in school
they suffer from reading and perceptual
handicaps and poor fine motor control.
Food may affect our behavior in ways
that have nothing to do with chemical or
nutritional content. Simon Fraser University psychologist Bernard Lyman believes mood has a lot to do with what foods
we eat and that, conversely, what we eat
can alter our mood, to the point that
psychiatrists may one day prescribe a
grocery list instead of a pill or
Lyman and graduate student Ingrid
Fischer have identified links between a
number of emotions and food types.
Lonely people eat yogurt, cheese and
cereal-grains. The self-confident want
healthy, hot meals. Friendly feelings are
expressed in junk foods. Happiness is re
flected in basic foods with varied textures,
like salads. The bored seek the exotic in
food as in other things.
Some reasons for the links have
emerged, too. Anger is an example. Angry
people tend to want sweet, high protein
foods;, anger uses up a lot of energy and
those foods provide it. Other anger preferences provide a chance to vent feelings:
Apples can be crunched viciously,
oranges flayed.
"If I was in the restaurant business,"
says Lyman with a laugh, "I might well
replace menus with a questionnaire to establish a patron's mood. I could then tell
them that because of their mood they
should eat this and avoid that."
The dictum of You Are What You Eat
has been stretched to silly extremes by
food faddists. But they err only in confusing speculation and fact. The concept is
scientifically respectable and it is one that
is becoming scientifically fruitful, too, as
more and more associations between diet
and disease become evident.
That man can now create new foods and
can afford to choose from the broader
menu makes the concept a crucial one.
The idea means that the ability to manipulate food is really an ability to manipulate
people. It is a heavy responsibility.        D
Tim Padmore, BA'65, (PhD, Stanford) is
science editor of the Vancouver Sun and a
regular contributor to the Chronicle. Home,
Sweet Campus Home
Residence Life,
A Lesson in Living
i Daphne Gray-Grant
You're an 18-year-old from a small
town in central British Columbia,
and it's your first time away from
home. You've taken the big step and
you're going to try university life. And
what's more, you've decided to live in residence.
Be warned! The institutional-looking
brick and cement structures do have a
foreboding air about them. But then, the
buildings themselves are not "residence"
any more than the Buchanan Building or
the Armouries are "UBC." Get behind the
uninviting exteriors of Totem Park, Place
Vanier or Walter Gage Towers, and you'll
hear the sounds of music, see the jam-
packed bulletin boards, and feel the sense
of an active community. Residence can be
thought of as an institution all right, but it
is one that can be "personalized." Take a
look at what some of the students have
Leo Mitrunen, a first year engineering
student from Surrey definitely didn't like
the awful peach-color of the hallways in
Place Vanier. Nor was he particularly impressed with the house lounge. So Leo,
who hopes to become an architect,
worked through his house council and
persuaded them to let him redecorate.
The housing department picked up the
cost of the materials, and over the Christmas holidays Leo spent his time painting a
striking mural on the lounge wall.
Encouraged by his success, he then
spoke with his floormates about tackling
the corridor. Next, he submitted to the
department of housing a design, a color
scheme and an estimate of paint cost.
When he finally got the go-ahead, it became a group effort. "About 15 guys on
the floor worked with me, and I think
everyone enjoys the result," says Leo.
"We're certainly the Cadillac floor of Vanier, and a lot of people have applied to
come back to residence — together —
next year."
In Totem Park, Karlie Norrish, a
fourth year art education student used her
talents to turn her room into what looks
like a luxury apartment. Plants grow out
of every corner, jars of her paints line the
bookshelves, her paintings in bold, bright
colors dominate the walls, and a mobile
made of house keys hangs above the
doorway, jingling noisily whenever someone enters. "It was a real challenge," says
Karlie. "People are always amazed when
they come in here. The first thing they say
is that it's like a jungle."
Karlie had a fairly large area to work
with, but Jeff Day, a second year physics
student was faced with a severe shortage
of space. Living in one of the small "singles" in Totem Park, he simply didn't have
room for his stereo and books. To solve
the problem, he grabbed a hammer and
nails and set to work raising his bed.
"There's no elevator, but the stairs are
operative," says Jeff, who claims that as
many as six people have been on the bunk
at one time — without it collapsing! And
in the space underneath the bunk, sits his
stereo, and a refrigerator.
Of course, living in residence has its
drawbacks. Always mentioned at the top
of the list is the food. "It's just awful," is
one of the kinder comments. The menu is
unglamorous, reflecting the difficulty in
feeding such a large number of people and
on such a small budget. The cost for room
and board in Totem Park and Place Vanier
ranges from $1500 to $1700 (depending
upon the size ofthe room). From that, the
kitchen's budget is approximately $3 per
person per day. That's why the institutional favorite, macaroni and cheese,
makes frequent appearances. Another
problem with residence life is a definite
lack of privacy — as Karlie Norris puts it,
"I don't think there's one thing on my
floor we all don't know about." And, you
have to be willing to give and take. "You
need to learn how to put up with other
people," says Jeff Day. "We had two guys
leave the floor just because they couldn't
With 3500 people living in residence,
students must come to terms with those
who have different values, who pursue
different interests, and who come from
different cultures. Staying in residence is
a crash-course in getting along with
others. But things are easier if the student
discovers which particular "House" best
suits his or her needs.
First, there's the oldest of the "new"
residences, Totem Park, located in the
southwest corner ofthe campus. Here, six
houses (named after West Coast Indian
tribes such as "Haida" and "Salish") accommodate close to 1200 students. Some
of the houses are for men or women only;
others are co-ed, with floors alternating in
The flavor of Totem Park is definitely
young. Most of the residents are first year
students who have never been away from
home before, and this causes some problems. Faced with a fantastic amount of
freedom, and with no parents to say "go
do some work" or "be home by midnight," it's very easy for the student to
spend more time partying than studying.
The hallways are generally quite noisy,
and in September pranks such as "tanking" (a cold shower for an unlucky victim)
are frequent. Totem Park is probably one
of the best places on campus to meet
people, but it requires flexibility, a willingness to put up with pranks, and an
investment in a good pair of earplugs.
Place Vanier (once known as the
"Lower Mall" residences) has the reputation for being one of the more conservative residences. Tucked away in the
northwest corner of campus, these ten
buildings (named for such people as president emeritus, Dr. Norman MacKenzie
and chancellor emerita Dr. Phyllis Ross)
house more second and third year students than Totem. Perhaps it is because of
the slightly older age range of the students, or because over the years word has
gotten around, Place Vanier tends to have
a quieter atmosphere.
On the east side of campus, direcdy
behind the Student Union Building, are
the four highrises known as Gage towers.
These 17-storey apartment buildings are
for older students — those who have been
Chronicle /Summer 1979  15 i Edward
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out of high-school at least two years. Each
floor in the tower is divided into four
"quadrants" and on most floors, two are
assigned to men and two to women. Here,
one of the main advantages is that students can cook their own meals.
There is campus accommodation available for married students that runs the
gamut from an Acadia Camp hut, to the
Acadia highrise apartments or the nearby
townhouse complex. The original permanent women's residences in the Fort
Camp area have been converted to office
space for administration and faculty departments. The famous huts of Fort
Camp disappeared during the building of
the Museum of Anthropology.
The residents are pretty free to do what
they want. Gone are the days of house
matrons and night passes. Now a student
can roll home at 4 a.m. every day for a
week, if he or she wants. Each house,
however, does have its own advisor. Hired
by the department of housing, these are
students who agree to take on the responsibility of coping with some of the day-
to-day problems of life in residence. Jerry
Sihota, a fourth-year physical education
student who is a house advisor in Totem
Park, sees his job as threefold. "First, I'm
here to help people. If they've got problems they can come and talk with me, and
I'll listen. Of course, if the guys ask for it,
I'll give them advice, but mostly I just try
to help them make their own decisions.
"I'm also a resource person. I've lived
in residence myself for four years, so I
have a lot of ideas and I know how the
system works. And finally, I'm someone
with authority. If there are problems —
like people getting drunk and rowdy, or
parties getting out of hand — I have to
deal with that." Most house advisors see
the "policing" function as the least desirable part of the job. "Sometimes the guys
will complain," says Jerry, "but they recognize the need for your authority, and
they respect you." But the general rule is
that what the student does in his or her
room — as long as it doesn't infringe on
the rights of other residents — is his or her
When there are serious problems (such
as property damage) each residence has
what is known as the standards committee
— a committee set up to suggest disciplinary measures. It is student-run, and
meets only when necessary, making recommendations ranging from sending a
warning letter to an offending resident, to
issuing an eviction notice. "This is a way
that the students themselves can regulate
their own behavior," says John Mate, coordinator of residence student affairs,
"and it's proven very effective."
Students get involved in other ways,
too. Each residence has its own council —
an elected body, responsible for organizing social events. The Gage Community
Council, The Totem Park Residence Association and the Place Vanier Residence
Association all work to create a sense of
"community" at their home away from
home. This year for example, as a result of
residence association planning, over 400
residents boogied their way to better dancing by taking disco lessons. Then they had
the chance to try out their newly-found
skills by taking part in the dances and beer
nights held in the residence lounges.
In late October, a three-evening program called "For Women Only" was held
in Totem Park and Place Vanier. The idea
of the seminars was to bring residents together to discuss some of the important
issues facing women today. In the fall
term, student services offered workshops
on time management, material organization and preparation for exams. As April
approached residents at Gage and Place
Vanier could attend income tax seminars,
and as the summer holidays drew near,
some senior students organized a travel
series, complete with slides and an "advice booklet," in order to give those bitten
by the travel bug a few helpful hints.
For the sports-oriented there were
football playoffs at Place Vanier (Cariboo
House had the top team) while Gage residents were treated to the unusual sight of
panting would-be skiers racing up and
down the 17 flights of stairs to get in shape
for the coming season. When the snow
melted and spring came to campus, tennis
tournaments and softball games persuaded Totem Park residents to enjoy the
great outdoors.
It's true. Residence does offer many
opportunities, including fun, convenience and friendship. Living at UBC
means being close to a number of special
facilities, such as the gym and the pool.
The University Endowment Lands are a
mere jog away, and the beach is just down
the cliffs. And many share the sentiments
of Cathy Fisher, a fourth year language
student in Totem Park, who decided to
live on campus in order to meet people. "I
was from Vancouver Island. If I hadn't
lived in residence during those first few
years, I probably wouldn't be at university
today. I needed that support," she adds.
"Here you have a chance to be with other
people in the same situation, doing the
same kinds of things."
It seems that meeting and learning how
to get along with others is an important
part of "higher education." Ernie Ogil-
vee, a law student in his fourth year at
Gage, summed up residence living:
"People who've never lived together are
thrust into this environment, and they
learn how to cope. In one of my quads
there were even cultural difficulties. One
guy was from Burma, another from
Trinidad, a third from Ghana, and two
were Canadian. And let me tell you, there
were sparks all the time. But we coped.
That's the problem and excitement of living in residence." □
Daphne Gray-Grant, who graduates this
spring, plans to spend next year in Switzerland.
16 Chronicle/Summer 1979 :y.
£&£!•*      •*55SS^****
Published as a supplement to the UBC Alumni Chronicle hy Information
Services, University of B.C., 2079 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver, B.C.
V6T  lW5.No. 9, Spring, 1979. Jim Banham jind Judith Walker, editors.
UBC s Museum of
Anthropology has a
clo wn-in-residence
His name is Paul Gibbons, and in addition to being a
clown he's also an anthropologist and maskmaker. This
past year, he's been adding a new dimension to the
program of the UBC muicum by introducing school
children to museum artifacts and working with students
in an academic course b^ introducing them to the
techniques of clowning and inaskmaking.
■ K e..
* si
"I ask you to consider this museum as a place of discovery.
Many things are there to discover. . . .We can discover a
better understanding of another culture, another way of
life. Most of all, if we can learn to see not just the objects,
but the spirits dwelling in this house, we can discover a part
of ourselves."
-President Douglas Kenny, speaking at the opening of the
UBC Museum of Anthropology in May, 1976.
President Kenny probably didn't have Garbanzo the Clown
precisely in mind when he spoke the above words at the
opening of UBC's anthropology museum.
However, Garbanzo, who is really Paul Gibbons, an
anthropologist and maskmaker, fits nicely into the idea of the
UBC museum as a place of discovery.
This past year he's been using his talents as a clown and
maskmaker to arouse the interests of Lower Mainland school
children in museum artifacts, particularly those of the
Indians of the northwest coast of B.C.
And in association with museum curator and anthropology
teacher Marjorie Halpin, he's been introducing students to the
, * :«,■$**■*■*■■ t
art of maskmaking as a pait of an academic course on the
anthropology of ait, which has focussed on the theme of
masquerade, Dr. Halpin's major area of research.
Paul Gibbons began his career as a clown in 1974, shortly
after his arrival in Vancouver from F.ngland. He says he
withdrew from the University of London after completing the
thesis for his Doctor of Philosophy degree in anthropology
because he wasn't "personally satisfied" with the results of
research on which his thesis was based.
With a group of Vancouver friends he formed the now
defunct Circus Maximus, which gave its first performance at
a children's day in a Vancouver park. "We did a spoof on a
circus," Gibbons recalls, "and I played the part of a horse,
staggering beauty, using a mask I made myself."
After Circus Maximus disbanded, Gibbons toured the
United States and landed up in Quebec City, where he met
and married his Japanese-Canadian wife Koko, who is also a
clown. They perform together at schools and community
centres in the Vancouver area.
Continued on page 2 "However, clowning is a seasonal sort of occupation,"
Gibbons says, "so last fall I came out to the Museum of
Anthropology on the off chance that there might be some
work available with masks, repairing them and that sort
of thing."
Museum director Michael Ames suggested Gibbons talk to
Marjorie Halpin, who was focussing on the theme of
masquerade in a course on primitive art during the 1978-79
winter session.
Use of masks widespread
Dr. Halpin saw that Gibbons's unique talents as anthropologist, clown and maskmaker offered some unusual possibilities
for her course. She also suggested that he be employed to
perform for school children visiting the UBC museum in order
to introduce them to museum artifacts.
The phenomenon of masquerade and the use of masks is
very widespread and is found in most cultures, including that
of the Indians of the Pacific northwest, Dr. Halpin explains.
And one of the most ubiquitous figures in ritual masquerade,
she adds, is the sacred clown, who is found in Indian
cultures in the north and southwest.
"In some cultures," she says, "the sacred clown is allowed to
do anything, even indulge in obscene behavior. In our own
culture, people who don masks at carnival time often do
things that would ordinarily be forbidden socially."
Another aspect of maskwearing involves the idea that the
individual wearing the mask is no longer human and the
person performing the socially unacceptable acts is not
breaking any rules as a result. This transformation allows the
maskwearer to turn heirarchies upside down so that the slave
becomes a king and a woman becomes a man.
In a traditional society, Paul Gibbons says, this role
reversal may involve everyone. "People need the ability to be
able to cross boundaries, and if they can't do it themselves,
there's a clown available to do it for them. And in that
respect the clown is linked to the transformation aspect
of masks.
"For my museum act for school children, I first change
from Paul Gibbons to a clown, through the use of makeup and
clothing. As a clown I'm able to do things that might be
regarded as taboo. The point is that the clown's actions are
one of the few remaining acceptable ways of doing that
without being threatening. And the important thing is
that people laugh and have a good time."
Appearance raises smiles
The groups of school children who come to the museum for
Gibbons's act arrange themselves in a large circle in the
Great Hall of the museum. In the centre of the circle is a
black cloth covering the few simple props that he uses
during his act.
Gibbons, now Garbanzo the clown, enters the Great Hall
playing a doleful tune on an accordion. His thin, angular
figure, clad in patched short pants, chequered socks, striped
T-shirt with phony bow tie and a battered derby never fails
to bring smiles to the young faces. His madeup clown's face is
framed by an Afro hair style and a beard.
During his ensuing clown act, Gibbons extracts from a
battered suitcase a few oranges,  which he uses in a juggling
When Paul Gibbons dons his frog mask, right, some of the
younger members of his audience try to imitate him. Above,
serious moment following his clown act comes when Gibbons
helps school children find animal figures carved on huge
totem poles in the great hall of the Museum.
2/UBC Reports Flute-playing Paul Gibbons leads visiting school group from
great hall of UBC'S Museum of Anthropology to nearby
rotunda where they hear a West Coast Indian legend.
Pictures bv Jim Banham
act; a feather duster, which he uses to tickle his visitors, shine
his shoes and as an underarm scrubbing brush; a child's
garden rake, which he uses to comb his Afro and his beard;
a series of masks -frog, bear and raven; and Finally, a large
hand-held mirror from which the reflecting glass has
been removed.
"One of the reasons kids relate to clowns," Gibbons says,
"is that they play in much the same ways clowns perform.
A stick, for instance, can become a rifle. . .all kinds of
transformations become possible.
"When I put on the animal masks, the youngest kids-
grade two's -immediately become the animal I'm depicting.
If I put on the frog mask and squat down and hop around,
so do they. When I put on the bear mask they get down on all
fours and make bear noises. The older youngsters are content
to be an audience, to sit back and simply be entertained."
Empty mirror is link
The link between Gibbons s masks and the carvings on the
huge totem poles that line the perimeter of the Great Hall of
the museum is the empty mirror. "It's a device for leading
them into the world of transformation," Gibbons says. The
use of the empty mirror, he continues, is designed to convey
the idea that he is a different person and yet the same person.
"Then I move to one of the poles to make the connection that
we're related, that the poles are reflections of ourselves as well
as the people who carved them, and just as we are part of
each other we are also part of the natural world, because
the carvings on the poles reflect the close links the Indians
felt they had with nature."
Finally. Gibbons invites his young visitors to find frogs,
bears and ravens on the surrounding carvings before leading
Continued on page 4
Ingenious prop, a mirror without the reflecting glass, is used
by Gibbons to convey the idea that faces carved on totem poles
reflect the way in which Indians looked at the world.
UBC Reports/3 Pictures by Jim Banham
them to a nearby sunken rotunda in the museum, where he
tells them the Kwagiutl legend of the dreaded forest
monster, Tsonaqua.
With the use of masks he made himself, Gibbons first
becomes the aged, stooped father of three young Indian
hunters who have come of age and are ready to make their
first journey into the forest. The father warns his sons to
beware of an encounter with the Tsonaqua, a fearful looking
giant with long arms and clawlike hands who loves to
eat intruders.
Humor part of story
Before the young men leave the village, Gibbons transforms
himself into the boys' grandmother, who gives each a simple
item that will protect them from the monster. One of these
items is a stone which, when thrown in the path of the
pursuing Tsonaqua, will become an enormous mountain.
The story is liberally sprinkled with humor to keep his young
audience attentive. (The mountain that springs up from the
magic stone, Gibbons tells the youngsters, is "complete with
beginners, intermediate and advanced ski slopes, three chair
lifts and a cafeteria.")
The story ends satisfactorily when the forest monster is
lured into a trap and destroyed. Gibbons ends his hour-long
performance by leading his audience to the nearby open-
storage exhibit area of the museum where they are able to see
a huge collection of masks carved by northwest coast Indians.
In his role as a supplementary teacher in Dr. Halpin's
course, Gibbons began by giving the students some elementary
lessons in clowning. The first assignment in the workshop
section of the course was for the students to make a mask with
their eyes closed.
Masks painted, explored
"It was a very personal mask," says Dr. Halpin, "because
it was unintentional. . .it was the mask you can't see. Then
we painted them and went through the process of exploring
them, each writing the biography of the person portrayed
in the mask. We were, in effect, exploring the notion of
assuming a different personality, getting to know the mask
from the outside and the inside."
Side-by-side  with  the  workshops,   Dr.   Halpin  lectured  to
Masks and other props made by Paul Gibbons enable him to
transform himself into an old man, above left, or the dreaded
Tsonaqua, above, during telling of Kwagiutl legend.
students   on   the   theory   of  masks   and   how   they   are   used
in various world cultures.
For anthropology student Paul Lindelhauf. the course was a
"transformative" experience. "I really feel I've been both
physically and mentally changed by some of the experiences
behind masks. We're learning to see that art isn't just nice
stuff to look at but is also another way of thinking about
the world and representing it."
Successful experiment
He believes Gibbons is successful in introducing children to
the art behind West Coast Indian masks because, as a clown,
"he's one of the people who knows about that kind cf
transformation. The kids are having fun and they're also being
drawn into new ways of looking at things."
Dr. Halpin doesn't know whether her course on the
anthropology of art will be quite the same next year. "But
if I do decide to concentrate on the theme of masquerade
again, I hope I have an anthropologist ' maskmaker / clown
named Paul Gibbons around to help me."
4/UBC Reports New B.C. atlas is ambitious project
If you've ever wanted to know with
one easy glance where all the ski
areas are in British Columbia, or all
the boat launching ramps. . . .If
you've wanted to know about seismic
activity in the province, or about
the distribution and harvest of
game animals,. . .UBC Press has
all the answers.
They're all wrapped up in the most
ambitious publishing venture the
University Press has undertaken the
Atlas of British Columbia.
The atlas will be published in
June and is the first major cartographic study of the province to be
published in more than 20 years.
It's the work of Dr. A.L. "Bert"
Farley of UBC's geography department in co-operation with more
than 30 people acting as cartographers and consultants.
This major project has taken four
years to complete. It's a complicated
process to design maps which are
both accurate and readable, easily
understood and useful both for
people in industry and students in
high school. To help get a clearer
idea of how people read maps,
Dr. Farley and his team set up
various design layouts and scales
during UBC's Open House in 1976
and asked people what their preferences were, what order they read
things in, and other information.
As well as the help he got from
Open House visitors, Dr. Farley
has received assistance from many
experts in industry. "I can't profess
to be a specialist in the soils of
British Columbia, for example," he
explained, "and so I got information
for that section from the Canadian
Department of Agriculture."
Research grants to help the project
have come from the Canada Council,
the provincial government, the
Samuel and Saidye Bronfman
Foundation, the Koerner and
Vancouver foundations and from
private business and industry.
And students in geography, too,
have been employed on the project.
Through the provincial government's
Youth Employment Program and the
federal Young Canada Works
program, 16 students have been
given practical experience in map-
making in all its stages, under
Dr. Farley's direction.
The need for an atlas of B.C.
like this one is not a matter of
speculation. The previous British
Columbia Atlas of Resources,
published in 1956, which is still very-
much in use in spite of its dated
information, was out of print within
three years of its publication, said
Dr. Farley. He was one of the
cartographic editors for that atlas.
Such a massive undertaking involves a tremendous amount of
energy and  research,  yet  Dr.   Farley
Dr. A.L. "Bert" Farley
doesn't begrudge any of the extra
time he's spent. "Of all the things
that I might have done as an
academic, I'm convinced that this
atlas is the most useful for the public.
"I feel as an academic at this
institution that I owe something to
the people of B.C. who have
supported my work throughout the
years." Dr. Farley joined the faculty
of UBC in 1958 after spending five
years as a geographer for the
provincial Surveys and Mapping
branch. He received both his
Bachelor of Arts and Master of Arts
from UBC, followed bv a Ph.D.
from the University of Wisconsin's
academic cartography department.
The Atlas of British Columbia:
People, Environment, and Resource
Use is an attractive production. Its
115 full-color maps face text pages
which explain different features
on the maps and describe trends.
The information covered ranges from
growth    of    the    labor    force    and
distribution of native peoples in the
People section; from concentration of
fish and climatic features in the
Environment section; to regional
linkages based on telephone calls and
location and capacity of sawmills in
the Resources Use section.
The maps are really resource charts
in many cases. They illustrate not
only where the natural resources
are, but also how people have put
them to use. They show the historical
growth of the province through
changes in population and settlement. And they show the geological
and climatic patterns.
Nov/ you might think that this
last area is something which wouldn't
be out of date since the 1956 atlas.
But Dr. Farley said that even the
geography of the province changes
all the time. In fact, things change
so rapidly now that almost before
information and statistics can be
gathered, they're out of date. That's
a problem that has faced the atlas-
makers on this project. For example,
the latest figures that were available
for map showing population in the
province are dated 1976; the distribution of pulp, paper mills and
plywood plants in the forestry
resource use section is based on
1975 figures.
"From the perspective of one
wanting to know where we have
been, an atlas is timeless," Dr. Farley
explained. And for people interested
in how the economy of the province
is likely to develop in years to come,
it's also useful. "But any atlas is out
of date by the time it's in final form,
as this one is now," he said. "I'm
trying to put in the back of my mind
any thoughts of updating this atlas."
The Atlas of British Columbia will
have an initial printing of 25,000
copies which will retail for $45 each.
About 15,000 are expected to sell
primarily to companies operating in
B.C., to planners and consultants
both in the private and public
sectors, and to libraries throughout
North America. The other 10,000
copies will go directly to British
Columbia schools.
Preview copies so far have been
greeted favorably by many of the
professional organizations in the
province —the Council of Forest
Industries, the Mining Association of
B.C., the B.C. Teachers Federation,
the B.C. Federation of Agriculture
and others. And that means a lot to
the University of B.C. Press, the
book's publisher.
As Tony Blicq, director of the
UBC Press, says, "It is one of our
principsil objectives to provide books
about B.C. for British Columbians,
and this atlas represents a fine
achievement of the practical
operation of that policy."
UBC Reports/5 J- s^flp:n!rift ti''' Lttl.}'i-«.i'^'! r* :    '
r, ■ ■    • ■piill'i'   Mi i-1
i'-. L-.'."G*l'i:    " ■■     ■
f ]'• '   -, Y<"
TTt.'   : i ?:^->>;;
UBC athletes and extra-mural
teams continued to win more than
their share of national and local
honors in 1978-79. Here's a roundup
of the year's activities, prepared for
UBC Reports by members of the
men's and women's athletic staffs.
FOOTBALL. This was a banner
year for Thunderbird football. Coach
Frank Smith led the Birds to their
second WIFL championship in three
years and finished with a 10-3 record.
They won the Western Bowl 25-16
over Wilfrid Laurier but lost the
national title to Queen's in the
Canadian College Bowl. They ended
their fine season with a 22 14 win
over Simon Fraser University, to
capture the Shrum Bowl for the
first time.
Sport B.C. picked the football
Thunderbirds as the B.C. Team of
the Year, and starry quarterback
Dan Smith was a finalist as University
Athlete of the Year. A member of
the Can Am team, along with
linebacker Kevin Konar and tight
end Chris Davies, Dan ammassed a
host of passing records during his
football career at UBC.
Seven UBC players were chosen in
the C.F.L. college draft, and the top
pick was defensive back-punter Al
Chorney. Coach Frank Smith was
selected by his peers as College Coach
of the Year. John McKay and Kevin
Konar were picked for the All-
Canadian Team.
RUGBY. The UBC rugby Birds
again compiled an amazing record
in league, collegiate and international
games. They won the Vancouver
Rugby Union first division, the
McKechnie Cup, the Moore Mug, the
Boot Trophy and the World Cup.
This latter honor was a 25-0 win over
the University of California at
Berkeley.   In   the   32 team   Monterey
Honors & awards
UBC's top athletic honors for
1978-79 went to field hockey at recent awards banquets. Fourth-year
Physical Education student Nancy
Moore, top left, captain of the
Thunderette field hockey team that
won the national university championship this year, received the
Sparling Trophy as UBC's outstanding female athlete. She's a four-time
Big Block winner and will be a
member of the team that will represent Canada in world championship
play at UBC in August. Third-year
Law student Alan Hobkirk, left, a
five-time Big Block winner, was the
recipient of the Bobby Gaul
Memorial Trophy as the outstanding
male athlete of the year for his longtime association with the men's field
hockey teams at UBC and Oxford
University, where he was a Rhodes
Scholar in 1974. Hobkirk captained
Canadian field hockey squads at the
1976 Olympic Games and in 1978
World Cup play in Argentina. First
woman to be awarded a men's Big
Block was Recreation Education student Kathv Campbell, above, an active member and manager of the
UBC sailing club.
Tournament the UBC squad won
their first four games, before losing
0-4 to England's Loughborough
College. Scrum half Preston Wiley
was chosen the Most Valuable Player
of the tournament. Six L'BC players
made the national team - Andrew
Bibby. Bill Collins. Rob Greig,
Garry Hirayama, Graham Taylor and
Preston Wiley UBC coach Donn
Spence has been the national team
coach for three years.
dominating the local field hockey
scene, the Thunderbirds scored an
impressive 4-1 win over Cuba's
national under 21 team last fall.
Thev    had    a    successful    European
6/UBC Reports tour over the Christmas holidays,
when they played 12 games in
England and Spain against the best
club competition available. UBC
continues to provide the bulk of
Canada's national team, which
includes Dave Bissett, Stephen de
Rosenroll, Toby Fisher, Alan
Hobkirk, Mike Mouat, Gordon
Plottel, Reg Plummer and Mark
ICE HOCKEY. In a rebuilding
year the hockey Thunderbirds
finished out of the league playoffs for
the first time in three years. Four
'Birds were selected to play for
Canada on two Olympic squads over
the holidays. Ross Cory and Rob
Jones went to Europe, while Ron
Paterson and Derek Williams joined
the white squad on a Canadian tour.
Trainer Rick Noonan, a regular with
Team Canada in the off-season, will
be going on leave this summer to
work with the Canadian Olympic
team, in preparation for the
Olympics. He was also the head
trainer for Team Canada in Moscow
during April.
newly appointed head coach Jack
Kelso, and with a magnificent new
swimming facility, UBC is on its way
to becoming a power in collegiate
swimming and diving circles. At
the recent national collegiate
championships in Montreal, UBC
moved up into sixth place out of 21
competing universities, Don
Liebermann, a student who also
doubles as diving coach, won the
one and three-metre events and
was selected as C.I.A.II. Outstanding
Diver for 1979.
Osborne won top honors in the
Canada West Gymnastic Championships in the all-round competition.
He, along with team mate Ralph
Bereska, qualified for the nationals,
where he won a bronze medal in
the floor exercises.
SOCCER. UBC missed out in the
early going of the Canada West
League, but had a strong finish
in their last two games in March,
defeating the Simon Fraser University
Clansmen 1-0, and the University of
Victoria Vikings by the same score.
JUDO. Victor Yoshida and
Hiroshi Nishi won gold medals at the
C.W.U.A.A. Championships in
February at Lethbridge. Several top
UBC athletes missed the competition
when they were named to the B.C.
team for an international tournament
in California. Tim Hirose represented
Canada at the Hungarian Open
Judo competition.
SQUASH. Richard Fleming continues to be ranked in the top 10 in
Canada (fifth this year). He won the
Pacific Northwest Championship and
reached the quarter-finals in the
nationals. Team captain Brian
Covernton led UBC to the city
championship. He represented
Canada in the Lapham Cup
(doubles) against the U.S.
VOLLEYBALL. Mark Thierrien,
a member of the Pacific Rim team
and one of UBC's outstanding
players, was chosen for the B.C.
team, which won the gold medal at
the Canada Winter Games.
FENCING. Four UBC fencers
were selected for the B.C. team for
the Western Canadian Fencing
Championships in Winnipeg March
31-April 1-Craig Bowlsby (foil),
Rob Margolis (sabre), Graham Smith
(epee) and Dan Osualdine (foil).
Smith is the B.C. champion and a
member of the Pan American Games
Talent Pool.
ROWING. A UBC-VRC crew won
international honors at the Nile
Rowing Festival in Egypt over the
Christmas holiday period, winning
the overall scoring title but losing
the eights final to the University of
Washington. Former UBC oarsman
and head coach, Rod Bell-Irving,
and current UBC coach, Mike
Conway, headed the contingent.
UBC's 10th annual International
Invitational Regatta was a resounding success at Burnaby Lake on
March 24. The Thunderbird crews,
coached by Rod Bell-Irving, Mike
Conway and Ken Rea, walked away
with the team points total, winning
the J.V. lightweight and varsity
eights, as well as the lightweight
four with cox.
WRESTLING. Although a little
short of depth this year, the UBC
wrestling squad had some outstanding individual performers.
Peter Farkas (142 lbs.), Lee
Blanchard (158 lbs.) and Martin
Gleave (134 lbs.) won C.W.U.A.A.
titles. Blanchard went on to win the
Canadian Collegiate Championship,
while Martin Gleave captured the
Canadian junior crown. Wayne
Yeasting came away with two gold
medals at the Canada Winter Games
and the Canadian Junior Championships. UBC head coach Bob
Laycoe coached the National Team
at the 1978 Commonwealth Games
in Edmonton.
The 1978-79 year for women's
athletics got off to a great start on
receipt of an invitation to the ice
hockey team to travel to Japan with
all expenses paid by the Isetan Co.
Ltd. Coach Jim McMillan and 17
players arrived in Tokyo Oct. 20
and almost immediately began an
intensive week of hockey practices,
clinics and games with the three
rather new women's teams located
in the city. By Nov. 5, the team was
back on campus catching up on
assignments and mid terms.
Meanwhile, the Thunderette
field hockey team under graduate
student coach Gail Wilson had
been busy capturing the Canada
West tournament, thereby qualifying
for the C.I.A.U. championship in
Toronto.     UBC    won    the    national
title for the first time and has
followed that achievement with a
clean sweep of the Vancouver
League. At year end, field hockey
was named Team of the Year and
five-year veteran Nancy Moore,
Athlete of the Year. Nancy, along
with Robyn and Dana Sinclair,
Diane Whittingham and Debbie
Smith have been training at UBC
with the national squad and hope
to be selected to represent Canada at
the World Tournament on the UBC
campus in August.
The 1977-78 outstanding team,
Thunderette volleyball, was one of
two runners-up to the UBC football
team for the Team of the Year
award presented by Sport B.C.
Thunderettes were not quite as
strong in 1978-79 and lost the
opportunity to defend their national
title by placing second to University
of Saskatchewan in Canada West
tournament play.
Gymnastics had a big year as
UBC hosted the Canadian Inter-
university Championships for the
first time on Open House weekend,
March 2 and 3. Several thousand
visitors to the Memorial Gym saw
the top 72 men and women
gymnasts perform. Leslie Fortune
placed highest among UBC's three
women qualifiers with a silver medal
in floor exercise and a fourth-place
finish on the balance beam. Laurel
McKay and Ann Brunner joined
Leslie for a team score of 92.65,
good for fifth place among Canadian
With a brand new pool and a
brand new coach, swimming and
diving were off to a good season in
'78-79. The Canada West Championships were held in the Aquatic
Centre in February and coach Jack
Kelso's team of 15 women captured
the conference crown. Eight UBC
swimmers and two divers qualified for
the C.I.A.U. championship at
McGill where UBC women were fifth
overall. Veteran international
Wendy Hogg broke two Canadian
records and tied a third, Janice
Blocka won both the 100 and 200
metre breaststroke and the team of
Hogg, Blocka, Chris Lovett-Doust
and Karen Van Sacker took the
400 metre medley relay.
Badminton was another sport
where UBC was well in evidence, as
was fencing. At the B.C. Winter
Games in Kamloops, student coach
Beryl Allen and Sue Kainer both won
gold medals, Janet Wentworth and
Kathy Thompson were silver medalists and Elaine Kanigan took a
bronze. The entire B.C. fencing
team at the Canada Games held in
Brandon were from the UBC team.
They were Frances Sloan, Marianne
Mortenson and Jane Milton.
The young rowing team began to
move into prominence with strong
wins in both the Vancouver Island
event and the annual UBC Invitational Regatta held at Burnaby
Lake on March 24.
UBC Reports/7 Leslie Brooks
is back at UBC
at the age of
71 taking care
of some
"I felt I had unfinished business at
UBC. . . .1 felt I had something
to prove to myself."
These are the phrases that Leslie
Brooks uses to describe why, at the
age of 71, he's enrolled again at
UBC as a graduate student after a
46-year career as an accountant and
high school and college teacher and
Since returning to UBC two years
ago for a third crack at getting his
Doctor of Philosophy degree in
English, Leslie Brooks says he's made
the important discovery that his
ability to do the hard intellectual
work that's required of doctoral
students is undiminished.
He quickly realized, he says, that
most of what he had learned as a
student at UBC, where he got his
B.A. in 1928, and at the University
of Washington, which awarded him
a Master of Arts degree in 1941, was
pretty badly out of date.
He admits that getting back into
the swing of things —studying,
making use of the library and preparing reports —was a little hard at
first, "but once you've adjusted it's
well worth the time and effort."
And, he emphasizes, you don't lose
your  ability  to  be  a  student  again.
Class gift to UBC when Leslie Brooks graduated in 1928 was stone
"The things you could do at 21 can
also be done at 71, and it's just as
much fun," he says.
When Leslie Brooks was 21, he was
fresh out of UBC with his B.A. in
honors English having already got a
teaching certificate from the
Vancouver Normal School and spent
a year teaching in a combined
elementary and secondary school in
Westbank in the Okanagan.
In the fall of 1928, Leslie Brooks
enrolled at the University of
Washington to start work on his
master's degree. And we all know
what happened the following year.
With his money running low, he
decided to give up his graduate work
and accept a post as head of the
English department at West
Vancouver senior secondary school.
He says he could  have continued
at Washington on a teaching
fellowship. "I've never really been
able to decide whether I made the
right choice or not in 1930," he says.
After nine years in West Vancouver, he decided to return to
Washington in 1939 to continue work
on his master's degree, which he
received two years later. But again,
money troubles intervened,
frustrating his ambition to continue
toward his Ph.D.
His next stop was Longview,
Washington, where he headed the
English department at Lower
Columbia Junior College until 1941,
when he discovered that the lowest-
paid employee in a local industrial
plant was making more money than
he was as a college department head.
"The war had created a shortage
of trained people,"  he recalls,  "and
8/UBC Reports bench in front of library
many companies were prepared to
hire you and provide on-the-job
training." Leslie Brooks joined the
Reynolds Aluminum Co. in Longview
and began an 18-year career as an
accountant that lasted until I960,
when he returned to North Vancouver to head the English department
at Argyle senior secondary school.
From 1963 to 1968 he was director
of adult education for North and
West Vancouver. During this same
period he served as secretary of the
co-ordinating council that established
Capilano College.
He served as the college's dean of
instruction for five years and spent a
year teaching there after reaching
retiral age. Travel, another stint of
accounting and involvement in
helping to organize the North
Vancouver    community    arts    centre
known as Presentation House kept;
him busy until 1977, when he
decided to do something about
getting his Ph.D.
He has nothing but praise for the
University and the reception he got
in the English department. "Not only
does the University encourage people
my age to return to learning by
waiving fees," he says, "they make
you feel welcome. I'm deeply grate
ful to the graduate school, English
department head Bob Jordan, and
especially Dick Fredeman, who heads
graduate studies in the same
department and who sponsored me
and set my feet on the path I'm.
The English department also knew
a good thing when they saw it. They
offered Leslie Brooks a teaching
assistantship and for the past two
years he's been back in the classroom:
instructing a section of English 100.
And in this capacity, he's
encountered the so-called "literacy
issue," which boils down to an
inability on the part of many first-
year students to demonstrate basic
competence in the use of the
English language.
"When I first came to University,'
he says, "we were, on the whole,
better prepared to handle English
because we got more rigid training
in writing and there was a great
deal more emphasis on grammar. 1
also took Latin in high school, which
built in the basis of English
What today's students most lack,
he says, is the concept of planning an
essay. "It's relatively simple to show
students how to correct grammatical
errors and to encourage them to use
the dictionary. Arranging ideas is
something you can't do for them.
"I think there's been a tendency to
allow students in high school to write
simply for the sake of writing, to
produce essays with a free flow of
ideas. As a result, students don't
have any particular goal or plan
and they have no way of readjusting
their work as they go along. So they
end up with a rambling product
that lacks discipline."
Students who have learned
English as a second language often
compound their difficulties, he says,
"because when they're not in class
they're often keeping company with
friends of their own nationality and
fail to get constant practice in the
use of English. As a result they retain
a lot of awkward ways of saying
things that is fatal when they have to
write an essay in English."
One  ot  the  persistent  myths  that
first-year students carry around with
them, he adds, is that they mustn't
write anything using the word "I."
"They want to use the word 'one.'
as in 'One should do this or that.'
Then, when they want to refer to two
people they get into all sorts of
difficulties. I don't know where this
tendency has come from, but it's
been pretty general among the
students I've taught in the past
two years."
As a student and Ph.D. candidate,
Leslie Brooks says he finds that
faculty members try to engender the
same sense of friendship and fellowship that was so much a part of his
student days at UBC in the 1920s,
when there were only 2,000 students
enrolled "and you knew almost
And the so-called "generation
gap' simply doesn't exist, as far as
he's concerned. "Not only am I
accepted by other graduate students
but I've learned a lot from them
because they're much more aware of
the latest scholarship and knowledge."
Leslie Brooks strongly urges people
his age to return to university. "I
think the term retirement should
be replaced by some entirely different
word," he says. "It's a negative term
that suggests you're out of the main
stream of life, whereas retirement is
just another phase of your life, one
that should be seen as an opportunity
to develop a new intellectual
challenge, which brings retirement
into a new focus."
The women of North America
found out about intellectual development a couple of decades ago, he
says, and began returning to schools,
colleges and universities in their late
forties and early fifties when their
teen-aged children had grown up
and left home.
"We had them by the dozens on
the north shore when I was director
of adult education there," he says.
"Many of them simply wanted to
complete high school."
It's not always possible for a man
to do that, he adds, because they're
the breadwinners or involved in
busmess until they retire. "But there's
lots of opportunity for men, when
they retire, to take advantage of
what this University offers, particularly if they want to get into a new
field and study something that's
interested them but which they
haven't had time to pursue."
Certainly, Leslie Brooks has no
regrets that he came back to UBC.
"The two years I've had here have
been two of the most satisfying of
my whole life," is the way he puts it.
UBC Reports/9 Dr. Heath B. "Pete" Chamberlain
admits that he had "a very tough act
to follow" when he took over the
editorship of Pacific Affairs, the
highly respected "International
Review of Asia and the Pacific,"
which has been published at UBC
since 1961.
The "very tough act" is Prof.
William L. Holland, who retired as
editor of the journal in June, 1978,
after having been associated with it
since 1929.
Dr. Chamberlain says he still relies
very heavily on the expertise and
background knowledge of Prof.
Holland, who came to UBC at the invitation of former president Dr. Norman MacKenzie to spearhead an expansion that has made UBC one of the
two leading Canadian centres of Asian
studies (the other is the University of
When Prof. Holland came to UBC
in 1961 from New York, where he had
been associated with the Institute of
Pacific Relations for more than 30
years and its secretary-general for 14,
he brought with him the institute's
publishing program, which included
Pacific Affairs as well as some 60 to 70
books and other publications.
10/UBC Reports
c     O      "
^ii-jraSt,-.';.'   .•.-  -
he took over-"-'■-"'" ■"-**•*"*•
These titles were sold through
UBC's Publications Centre, which
became the campus University Press in
1971. Pacific Affairs had close ties
with the press until March, 1978,
when the journal was placed under the
general supervision of the Institute of
Asian Research in UBC's Faculty of
Graduate Studies.
The reputation for excellence enjoyed by Pacific Affairs is reflected in
the fact that it receives continuing,
annual support from the Canada
Council, which makes grants to sustain worthy learned journals published in Canada.
To guide it in making decisions, the
Council asks anonymous assessors to
review the contents of journals that request support. Here are excerpts from
the recent reports of two assessors on
Pacific Affairs:
"By opening its pages primarily to
scholars interested in writing on the
period since the end of World War II,
it has come to be, in my estimation,
the most important journal published
anywhere in the world on the subject
of Asia."
"...I know of no Canadian periodical with the standing of Pacific Affairs
or which attracts the quality of writers
that one is likely to find in that journal. As to its relationship with
periodicals published outside of
Canada, it is clear that it ranks at the
highest level."
"There is no scholar with whom I
am acquainted who does not consider
it an honor and a mark of recognition
to have an article appear in the pages
of Pacific Affairs. "
With that kind of reputation, it's
little wonder that Dr. Chamberlain
says he isn't planning any radical
changes in Pacific Affairs and that his
main concern is "keeping up the standards" set over the years by Prof.
"Our continuing, central purpose,"
says Dr. Chamberlain, "will be to
chronicle ongoing political, economic
and social developments in Asia and
the relations of that continent with the
western world."
Don't expect, however, to find in
the pages of the journal the day-to-day
headline approach to Asian affairs
practised by Time or Maclean's
"Because Pacific Affairs appears
quarterly we have to keep in mind
larger issues which are or which we
think are going to be important a year l*«i.JrW«»«ilWMIS
or more from now," says Dr.
Chamberlain. The large-scale issues
he has in mind are such things as
growing Soviet influence in Asian affairs and historical relationships between China, Vietnam, Cambodia and
"Our fall issue this year will include
an article on Cambodia, which was invaded recently by the Vietnamese. I'm
not concerned so much about the invasion itself as I am about the long-
range perspective and what recent
events tell us about historical relations
between Cambodia and neighboring
states. The author has been asked to
concentrate on that aspect in his article.
"And," Dr. Chamberlain adds, "as
an editor you have to learn to be flexible. You may, without warning,
receive an,unsolicited article from an
expert that fills a gap on some subject
that hasn't been properly covered for
some time, which means you have to
rearrange your publishing schedule to
accommodate it."
Since Dr. Chamberlain took over
the journal, a "collegia!" system of
editorial management has been instituted.
He is now assisted by four associate
editors — all members of the UBC
faculty — who assess manuscripts submitted for publication and refer them
to other experts if necessary, and suggest the names of appropriate people
to prepare articles and book reviews.
The associate editors, chosen for
their expertise in various aspects of
Asian affairs, are: Prof. Edgar
Wickberg of History, a specialist in
modern Chinese history; Prof. Alex
Woodside, a historian who specializes
in southeast Asia, particularly Vietnam; Prof. Peter Harnetty, head of
the Asian studies department and an
expert on the history and politics of
India; and Prof. Frank Langdon, a
political scientist who specializes in
Japanese politics and foreign relations. Dr. Chamberlain, who also
teaches in Political Science, specializes
in Chinese politics.
"One of the major things that
Pacific Affairs has going for it," Dr.
Chamberlain says, "is its image as an
international, rather than a Canadian, journal. We intend to maintain
that image so that the journal will
continue to attract material from
leading scholars all over the world."
He hopes to encourage foreign
scholars to write articles in their own
languages which would be translated
for publication in Pacific Affairs and
to encourage overview articles by
foreign scholars that would give
readers of the journal a sense of what
other linguistic communities are doing
in the area of Asian studies.
Pacific Affairs made its appearance
in 1928 in Honolulu as a monthly journal published by the Institute of
Pacific Relations. That nongovernmental organization was
formed in 1925 and drew its membership from a number of Pacific Rim
countries concerned with the international    rivalries    and    tensions   that
deVelb|^¥oH$i»ing tlw^asiafe^ihe
1924 American immigration act,
which aimed at restricting immigration to the U.S. from Asia, particularly Japan.
"In the ensuing years," says Prof.
Holland, "it became apparent that
there was a whole range of problems
that needed to be explored in a serious
and scholarly way, including trade
discrimination, unequal treaties and
foreign concessions in China, the rise
of Japanese militarism and that country's designs on Manchuria."
In   1935,   when   the   fourth   con-
Prof. William Holland
ference of the Institute of Pacific
Relations met in Banff, it was decided
to transform the journal into a
scholarly quarterly that would help to
close the knowledge gap in the west on
Asian affairs. "One of the problems of
western understanding of Asia in those
days was the absence of basic facts,"
says Prof. Holland. "There was simply
no western journal that did for Asia
what dozens of journals were doing for
European and North American affairs."
(As a footnote to history, Prof.
Holland points out that the leader of
the Japanese delegation to the Banff
conference was Dr. Inazo Nitobe, a
Japanese Quaker who opposed the rise
of militarism in his native country. He
died suddenly in Victoria while, en
route home from the 1933 meeting.
UBC's much-admired Japanese
garden in the northwest corner of the
campus is named after him.)
In the ensuing years, the Institute of
Pacific Relations, which in 1933
moved its headquarters to New York,
sponsored a wide range of research on
Asian political, social and economic
affairs aided by grants from such
organizations as the Rockefeller Foundation and the Carnegie Corporation.
Prof. Holland was closely associated
with the institute and Pacific Affairs
from 1929 on. He was the institute's
research director from 1933 to 1943,
its secretary-general from 1945 to
1960, and editor of Pacific Affairs
from 1954 until his retirement, last
By the late 1950s a shadow had
fallen over the institute and Pacific
Affairs as a result of the demagoguery
of American Senators Joseph
McCarthy and Patrick McCarran.
One of McCarthy's targets was Owen
Lattimore, an eminent Sinologist who
was editor of Pacific Affairs from 1933
to 1941, while McCarran, as chairman
of the U.S. Senate sub-committee on
internal security, seized the institute's
files and reached the incredible and
unfounded conc'usion that the IPR
had been responsible for what in those
days was referred to as the "loss of
The IPR's tax-exempt status had
been withdrawn as a result of
McCarthy's influence and it took a six-
year battle in the U.S. courts to get it
restored. By 1960 the decline in financial support by foundations and corporations had reached a point where it
looked as though the institute and
Pacific Affairs would have to fold.
That same year, Prof. Holland was
approached by three UBC figures at a
meeting of the Learned Societies of
Canada at Queen's University in
Kingston, Ont. Dr.. Norman MacKenzie, the then president of UBC;
Dr. Geoffrey Andrew, UBC's then
deputy president; and Prof. Frederick
Soward, then head of the history
department, asked Prof. Holland to
consider coming to UBC to head up
an expanded program in Asian
When UBC agreed to do everything
possible to continue to support Pacific
Affairs and the IPR's publishing program, Prof. Holland closed up the institute's New York offices and came to
UBC as head of its newly-established
Department of Asian Studies.
Not even in its darkest days, Prof.
Holland said, did Pacific Affairs lack
for contributions by internationally
recognized Asian scholars. Right from
the start, he added, it was a policy of
the journal to keep its eyes open for
promising young teachers and researchers, many of whom began their
publishing careers in Pacific Affairs
And, of course, it has made an effort to seek out and publish the work
of young Canadian scholars, many of
whom now enjoy international reputations as a result of research papers that
have appeared in Pacific Affairs.
Prof. Holland insists that Pacific
Affairs couldn't have survived without
the 'solid support" of Dr. MacKenzie
and succeeding UBC presidents;
UBC's administration still makes an
annual grant to the journal to defray
some of its costs.
And while many people agree that
that support is important, they also insist that Pacific Affairs couldn't have
survived without the tenacity and
dedication of Prof. Holland.
When Dr. Chamberlain says he has
"a very tough act to follow," he knows
whereof he speaks.
UBC Reports/11 Campus news and campus people
Key figure in revival of interest in carbon chemistry is UBC professor of
chemistry Dr. Gil Hooley, shown with roll of carbon fibres he uses for experiments in his laboratory on equipment he devised and made himself.
UBC carbon chemist
to receive top award
Prof. J. Gilbert "Gil" Hooley, who
says he likes to "get his hands dirty" in
his tiny research laboratory on the
third floor of the UBC Chemistry
Building, will receive one of the top
honors of the American Carbon Society in June.
He II receive the Charles E. Pettinos
Award before an international audience during the 14th biennial Conference on Carbon at Pennsylvania
State University June 24-29 for "continued pioneering contributions" to a
long-neglected    area    of   carbon
12/UBC Reports
research. The award carries with it a
cash prize of $1,000 and a plaque
citing Dr. Hooley's achievements.
The award climaxes a 37-year
teaching and research career, which
began in 1942 when Dr. Hooley
returned to the UBC campus after obtaining his Ph.D. at Massachusetts Institute of Technology and serving a
three-year stint as a research chemist
at Corning Glass Works in New York
state. Before going to MIT he received
his bachelor and master of arts
degrees at UBC in 1934 and 1936.
to UBC aim
of project
UBC has approved the spending of
$159,000 on a two-point program
designed to improve accessibility to
the University for B.C. high schools.
UBC will launch a pilot project this
summer with five high schools chosen
as representative of the various schools
in the province. The schools are Sir
Charles Tupper in Vancouver,
Hazeiton Secondary in the Terrace
School District, Lillooet Secondary,
North Peace Secondary in Fort St.
John, and Charleson Secondary in
Ocean Falls.
Representatives of the five schools
have been invited to the UBC campus
this summer to confer with appropriate University personnel at a
planning workshop. A major aim will
be to determine why some students
come on to University while others do
UBC also will provide special $750
bursaries for two students from each
of the five high schools. The awards
will be made on the recommendations
of the schools to students who might
not normally have the financial
resources to go to the University.
As the second point in the new accessibility program, UBC will expand
its distribution of printed and audiovisual material to secondary schools
throughout the province, including
special material aimed at low-income
As part of this plan, selected
students now in Grades 8 and 9 will be
invited to visit the University, since
studies have shown that it is at this
point in their school careers that
students generally decide about post-
secondary education. UBC will also
arrange for students at the University
to visit their former high schools to
provide information to prospective
This two-point program is the second in a series of initiatives taken by
UBC to improve accessibility to higher
education. In February, the University
decided to spend $250,000 over the
next five years on direct grants to low-
income students.
President  Douglas  Kenny said no
student should be kept out of the
University for financial reasons.
* » »
Prof. James Russell of the Department of Classics gave the
inaugural Crake Lecture at Mount
Allison University in Sackville, New
Brunswick, in March. UBC loses a bel&ved
teacher and
A moving memorial service was
held last week (April 18) for Roy
Daniells, Professor Emeritus of English Language and Literature and
one of UBC's most distinguished and
beloved teachers and scholars, who
died suddenly on Good Friday,
April 13.
The respect and affection in which
Roy Daniells was held was reflected
in eulogies given by two English
department colleagues, Profs. John
Hulcoop and W.E. "Dick" Fredeman,
at the service in University Hill
United Church.
Both spoke of Roy Daniells' capacity for love and friendship, his
outstanding gifts as a teacher and
scholar, his memorable wit and his
creative abilities as a poet and writer.
A native of London, England,
Roy Daniells came to Canada at the
age of eight. He received his public
and high school education in Victoria
and attended UBC, where he received
the degree of Bachelor of Arts. He
went on to the University of Toronto,
where he obtained the degrees of
Master of Arts and Doctor of
Prof. Daniells joined the UBC
faculty in 1946 as professor of English,
after being head of the English department at the University of Manitoba for nine years. He was
appointed head of English in 1948,
a position he held until 1965, when
he was named the first University
Professor of English Language and
Literature in recognition of his
scholarship in English literature and
his activities as poet and writer.
Roy Daniells was author of two
volumes of poetry: Deeper into the
Forest and The Chequered Shade.
He contributed criticism, poetry and
prose to Canadian and American
scholarly and general periodicals. He
is best known for his studies in 17th-
century English literature, particularly for the book: Milton,
Mannerism and Baroque.
Prof. Daniells served for almost
four terms as a member of the UBC
Senate, 1948 to 1954 and from 1969
until the end of 1974.
Prof. Daniells was a fellow of the
Royal Society of Canada. He became
its president in 1970, at which time
he was honored as the recipient of
the Lome Pierce Medal. The citation
read in part for "achievement of
special significance and conspicuous
merit in imaginative or critical
He served for a term as chairman
of the Humanities Council of Canada.
In 1972 he Was made a Companion
of the Order of Canada in recognition of "outstanding merit of
the highest degree, especially service
to Canada and to humanity at large."
He held honorary degrees from
Queen's, Toronto, McMaster and
Windsor universities, and 1975 UBC
conferred upon him Doctor of
Letters Honoris causa.
Prof. Daniells is survived by his
wife, Laurenda, and two daughters,
Susan and Sara, all of Vancouver.
Prof. Robert M. Clark of the
Department of Economics has been
named deputy chairman of a five-
member governmental review
commission established by the City
of Vancouver to study an electoral
ward system.
The question of electing Vancouver
aldermen by wards has been a contentious issue since last November,
when it was the subject of a ple-
bescite which saw 51.7 per cent of
the voters, favor such a system over
the present system under which
aldermen are elected at large.
The commission plans public
hearings in May and June and hopes
to complete its report by Nov. 30.
Prof. Richard V. Mattessich of
the Faculty of Commerce and
Business Administration has been
named to a 12-member consultative
group established by the Social
Sciences and Humanities Research
Council to examine the function and
state of research and graduate education in business, management and
administrative studies in Canada.
* * *
Dr. John Mark of the Faculty of
Commerce and Business Administration is the winner of the 1978
award of the Regional Science
Association for the outstanding
dissertation in the field of urban
and regional economics.
Dr. Richard Pearson, an archeologist in the Department of
Anthropology and Sociology, is one
of 13 Canadian university teachers
who have been awarded prestigious
fellowships by the John Simon
Guggenheim Memorial Foundation
of New York. He'll use the award
to carry out a study of artifacts
illustrating the economic and social
life of people who lived during the
Jomon, or prehistoric, culture of
Japan. His research will lead to
a book.
Prof. Robert V. Kubicek, a UBC
faculty member since 1963 and an expert on British Empire and Commonwealth history, is the new head of
the Department of History in UBC's
Faculty of Arts.
The 43-year-old native of
Drumheller, Alberta, will succeed
Prof. Margaret Prang, who is stepping
down as head of the department but
will remain at UBC as a teacher and
Prof. Kubicek is a graduate of the
University of Alberta, where he received the degrees of Bachelor of
Education in 1956 and Master of Arts
in 1958. While a. student, he worked
as a newspaper reporter for the Edmonton Journal.
He studied at the London School of
Economics in 1958-59 and taught
school in Calgary in .1959-60 before
enrolling at Duke University, where he
received the degree of Doctor of
Philosophy in 1964.
He is the author of two books
published by the Duke University
Press and a number of articles on
British imperial history. One of his
books is a study of South African goldmine financing for a 28-year period
spanning the 19th and 20th centuries.
More recently he has begun research
on British and European financing of
B.C. mining to 1914.
UBC Reports/13 UBC gets
Three important collections of
papers and other materials related to
the forest industry of British Columbia
have been given to the University.
The International Woodworkers of
America and former IWA president
Harold Pritchett have donated notes,
correspondence files, photographs,
minutes of meetings and various other
documents reflecting the history and
development of the IWA and its
predecessor labor organizations in the
forest industry from about 1925 to the
present day.
The University has also recently
received the Humbird Family Papers,
which consist of minute books, financial records and other materials
relating to the operations of the Victoria Lumber and Manufacturing Co.
Ltd., of Chemainus, B.C.
The Humbird Papers were donated
to the University by Virginia Humbird
Dickey, the daughter of the late
John A. Humbird and the granddaughter of Thomas Humbird, the
two principal figures in the operations
of the Vancouver Island firm from
1890 to 1950, when the company's
operations were wound up.
The third collection of papers has
been donated to the University by
Chauncey D. Orchard, a former chief
forester of the province.
A spokesman for the division of
special collections of the UBC
Library, where the collections will be
housed, said they provide a rich source
of information of historical
significance on the operations of
various aspects of the B.C. forest industry, particularly that of organized
labor, which is basically the early
history of the labor movement in
western Canada.
The IWA-Pritchett collection includes minute books ofthe union committee, chaired by Mr. Pritchett, that
staged a strike at Fraser Mills in 1931.
It was the first major strike in the
forest industry in western Canada and
was decisive in strengthening union
activity throughout the industry.
Another part of the collection contains valuable material on the 1934
loggers strike on Vancouver Island,
which saw some 700-800 forest industry workers converge on Campbell
River for several months. The strike
led to an increase in the minimum
wage established by the provincial
The IWA-Pritchett Papers have
been given to the University under the
terms of a memorandum of agreement
approved by UBC's Board of Governors. The agreement is between UBC
and The International Woodworkers
14/UBC Reports
UBC physicist Dr. John Berlinsky,
' above left, is the only Canadian
university faculty member to be
awarded a 1979 research fellowship
by the Alfred P. Sloan Foundation of
New York. Sloan basic research
fellowships are awarded to outstanding young scientists on the basis of
their "exceptional potential to make
creative contributions to scientific
knowledge in the early stages of their
careers." Dr. Berlinsky works in the
field of low-temperature physics and
often collaborates with fellow
physicist Prof. Walter Hardy, right,
above, who this year shared the
E.W.R. Steacie Prize of the National Research Council with Prof.
David W. Boyd, right, of the
Department of Mathematics. Prof.
Hardy has done pioneering research
on atomic hydrogen at low temperatures, while Prof. Boyd is noted for
his work in the field of numerical
and functional analysis. The winners will share a $3,000 cash award
that goes with the honor and are the
fifth and sixth winners of the
coveted Steacie Prize. Past winners
who are still at UBC are Prof. Myer
Bloom, of Physics, and Prof. Hugh
Greenwood, head of the Department
of Geological Sciences.
Pictures by Jim Banham
of America Regional Council No. 1.
In accordance with the wishes of the
donors, access to the IWA-Pritchett
Papers will be restricted for 10 years to
researchers who obtain the permission
of the IWA and Mr. Pritchett. At the
conclusion of the 10-year period, the
collection will be open to any qualified
scholar engaged in serious research
and any literary rights that the donors
may have in the documents will terminate.
Mr.   Pritchett,   who now lives in
retirement in Port Coquitlam, was a
prominent figure in forest union activities in B.C. and the Pacific Northwest for more than two decades. Born
in England in 1904, he began working
in Lower Mainland lumber mills in
He was, at various times, president
of the Shingle Weaver's Union, the
Federation of Woodworkers and
District Council No. 1 of the IWA.
Mr. Pritchett retired from union activities in 1948. Mining founder returns to campus
Dr. J.M. Turnbull,. who founded
mining education at UBC in 1915,
returned to the campus where he was
a faculty member for 30 years on
March 16 to deliver a 45-minute,
stand-up lecture to students on the
way it was in the mining world in
B.C. at the turn of this century.
Dr. Turnbull, who will be 103
years old on June 14, is the last
surviving member of the small group
of UBC faculty members who were
on hand when UBC first opened its
doors to students in September,
A graduate of McGill University in
1897, Dr. Turnbull came almost
immediately to B.C. to work at the
Lanark Mine about 30 miles east of
Revelstoke. For his student audience,
he vividly recalled the thrill of riding
3,000 feet down from a mine portal
in the bucket of an aerial tramway.
He once had to spend four hours
stranded in the same bucket 300 feet
aboye the river on a foggy day, but
that only heightened the thrill,
he said.
Dr. Turnbull founded the Depart
ment of Mining (now Mineral
Engineering) at UBC and retired in
1945. While at UBC he served for 12
years on'Senate and acted as dean of
Applied Science in 1936. He remains
active in the engineering fraternity
Sigma Phi Delta.
Prof. Turnbull is the oldest living
member of the Canadian Institute
of Mining and Metallurgy, which he
joined in 1904. The Institute honored
him last year with a citation "in
recognition of. . .exceptional service
to the mining industry."
He is also a charter member of the
Association of Professional Engineers
of B.C. and holds registration
number five.
Commenting on Dr. Turnbull's
March lecture, Prof. George Poling,
acting head of Mineral Engineering,
said, "It was a fascinating afternoon
for faculty and students alike to be
able to hear a talk by a man whose
contributions to the Canadian
mineral industry are matched by his
devotion to the education of mining
and mineral engineers."
Grads honored at degree ceremony
Three University of B.C. graduates,
including former chancellor Donovan
Miller, were among the five persons
who received honorary degrees at
UBC's spring congregation ceremonies
on May 30 and 31 and June 1.
In addition to the three graduates,
UBC also honored Dr. Louis
Rasminsky, former governor of the
Bank of Canada, and University
benefactor Mrs. Ida Green, of Dallas,
Texas, where she has been an active
participant  in  university  and  community affairs for more than 40 years.
The UBC graduates honored in
addition to Mr. Miller were Prof.
Albert Bandura, a noted psychologist
who teaches at Stanford University,
and Prof. Cecil E. Yarwood, a plant
science expert who continues to work
at the University of California at
Berkeley where he taught and carried
out research from 1935 to 1975.
18 faculty members reach retiral age
Eight UBC faculty members with
30 or more years of service are among
18 persons who reached retirement
age during the 1978-79 academic
Retiring after 41 years of
association with the UBC Library is
Eleanor Mercer, who started as an
assistant circulation clerk in 1938 and
who headed the acquisitions division
before being appointed an assistant
Those retiring with 30 or more
years of service are:
• Prof. Philip Akrigg of English,
a UBC graduate who began as a
teaching assistant in 1941 and is
the author or co-author of numerous
articles and books on British
Columbia and 16th- and 17-century
English history and literature;
• Prof. Stuart Jamieson, a UBC
graduate who joined the faculty in
1945 and is widely regarded as one
of Canada's leading authorities on
the economics of labor;
• Prof. William Hoar, who also
joined the UBC faculty in 1945,
served as head of the zoology department from 1964 to 1971, and has
been much honored for his studies
in physiology and endochrinology,
particularly as they pertain to fish;
• Zoologist James R. Adams, a
33-year faculty member who has also
lectured in the Faculty of Medicine
on the subject of animal parasites,
which he has spent a lifetime
• Prof.   George   Volkoff,   who
retires as dean of Science and
professor of physics after a 45-year
association with UBC as a student
(1930-36), teacher and researcher
(since 1946), head of the Department
of Physics (1961-71), and dean of
Science (since 1972);
• Prof.    George    Pickard,    a
member of the physics department
since 1948, director of the Institute
of Oceanography since 1958, and
one of Canada's leading physical
oceanographers; and
• Assistant dean of Agricultural
Sciences Arthur J. Renney, a faculty
member for 30 years and an expert
on the biology and control of weeds
who is widely known throughout
the province for his agricultural
extension activities.
Those who reached retirement age
after 20 or more years of duties
at UBC are:
• Prof. Robin N. Smith, an
educational psychologist and UBC
graduate who taught in B.C. high
schools before joining the UBC
faculty in 1953 and who organized a
clinic in the Faculty of Education in
1967 to train teachers to deal with
children who have learning problems;
• Prof. Alex Rosenthal, a noted
organic chemist who joined the
UBC faculty in 1953;
• Dr.   Marguerite   Primeau,   a
25-year member of the faculty who is
widely known as a broadcaster and
writer on French-Canadian literature
and the author of a French-language
novel,   Dans   le   Muskeg,    published
in 1960;
• Philip Penner, who joined the
faculty when the Vancouver Normal
School was incorporated into UBC as
the Faculty of Education and the
co-author, with colleague Dr. Ruth
McConnell, of Learning Language,
an English textbook that is in use in
every Canadian province and which
has been used in applied linguistics
courses in some universities;
• Dr. Frank Newby, a 22-year
member of the English department
and an expert on 20th-century prose
and poetry; and
• UBC graduate William Seal,
former chairman of the industrial
education division of the Faculty of
Education and a faculty member
since 1957.
Others who reached retirement age
in this academic year are:
• Margaret Hood, an 18-year
faculty member who is currently
serving as acting director of the
School of Rehabilitation Medicine;
• George H.F. Johnson, supervisor of the Language Laboratory in
the Faculty of Arts since 1965;
• Prof. Geoffrey Durrant, head
of the Department of English at
UBC from 1966 to 1969. a prolific
broadcaster and writer, author of two
books on English poet William
Wordsworth, and the winner of a
UBC Master Teacher award in
1973; and
• Patricia Thorn, who joined the
Centre for Continuing Education in
1968 as director of daytime programs.
URC R«nnrM/lK 16/UBC Reports Looking Through UBC's Prism
Twenty Years of Literary Light
Geoff Hancock
Look at them lined up on the bookshelf. Seventeen volumes, each issue
six inches by nine inches square. Average number of pages: 148, printed on
fine 60 pound zephyr book paper, which
"bulks up nicely", as the printers say,
giving it a good hefty feel. And look at
this! Printed in letterpress — the expensive hot lead process — not the chemical
paper and photo offset of inferior publications. That's Prism International, UBC's
snappy literary magazine — 20 years old
this year. Neither a plain nor an ephemeral journal, Prism International is now as
well known for its contemporary writing
as for the quality of its production.
Not   surprisingly,   since   literary
magazines are an essential part of any
thinking man or woman's literary education, Prism International has now become
the only professional small magazine in
Canada edited by graduate students. The
24 students on staff elect an editor for two
issues, and, no doubt in a flurry of fantasies of leading purple lobsters on leashes
through the Latin Quarter, or quarrelling, as T.S. Eliot said, with the few queer
people in odd corners who produce good
literature, will continue to prop up — or
challenge — the cultural mainstream.
My own literary experience began with
Prism: my friends published there; some
vanished there as writers. Others used the
magazine as a launching pad, a stepping
stone, a dart board at which we could hurl
the barbs ofthe new literary theories. For
some of us, the magazine was a focal point
for a mix ofthe world's best and shoddiest
poems, plays, and stories. (The editors
cleverly used the magazine as a text, thus
building up circulation.) But it was more
than a mere text book.
As Ford Madox Ford, the American
novelist and editor said, a literary
magazine is like a swinging door between
unpublished youth and the real money.
And like a swinging door, a literary
magazine is kicked both on entering and
leaving. The mortality rate is therefore
high among the little magazines. Critics of
various literary ideologies lurk in all corners. Contributors complain about their
small payments. Worse, subscribers
foolishly squander their money on some
small trinket instead of providing the financial support these magazines need. (A
subscription to Prism is only $7.) But
Prism survived — as a quarterly, or a tri-
annual, or as now, a biannual.
Jacob Zilber, a professor in the creative
Chronicle I Summer 1979   17 writing department, and Prism's editor-
in-chief from 1965 to 1973, recalls the
early days of Prism. "It was a big gamble
to publish the magazine in 1959. What
distinguished Prism then, and does today,
was that it was the only magazine devoted
entirely to creative writing. We had the
feeling that poetry, fiction, drama, and
visual arts were more than just tender
shoots tucked between scholarly articles,
such as appeared in Queen's Quarterly or
the Dalhousie Review.
"We said the creative work has to come
first. We felt we could take more chances
with forms. We used excerpts from novels
and plays. We were not deterred by the
length of poems, and we were looking for
imaginative essays instead of scholarly.
We simply wanted to show that creative
writing was a wider kind of universe than
that previously imagined by writers in
Prism published new forms, new styles,
new types of content that few other
magazines of the time would have published. Not surprisingly, says Zilber, on
the publication of the first issue a teacher
wrote a scathing letter to the Vancouver
Sun angrily denouncing the magazine as
an example of corruption, vice, and pornography run rampant. "As a result of
this, the first issue sold out. Then curiosity seekers took out subscriptions. We
were off to a good roaring start," he said.
Between 1959 and 1963 the magazine
changed in one other important way.
Under co-editors Earle Birney and Jan de
Bruyn, (Zilber was an associate editor),
the magazine was simply entitled Prism.
Though the magazine was at UBC and did
publish much Canadian material, Birney
(now Canada's unofficial poet laureate),
felt very strongly that the magazine
should have an international sheen to it.
He stated in an editorial that literary
material should be judged on its quality,
not on its postmark. So the magazine became Prism International. The editors
made an explicit effort to gather material,
to establish contacts around the world, to
instigate a translation program, and to
make people aware of the nature of the
Operated independently of the university at the time, Prism existed on subscription revenues, bookstore sales, and small
grants from the Canada Council and the
Koerner Foundation. But by 1963 the
money ran out. Says Zilber: "It was a case
of folding the tent or looking for money
someplace else."
By good coincidence, the little creative
writing unit in the department of English,
run by Earle Birney and Zilber, had just
begun. Birney, knowing the magazine
was on the verge of collapsing — a common enough refrain among any
magazine's formative years — thought
Prism should be taken under the wing of
the fledgling creative writing department.
After leaping through various administrative hoops, the editors finally reached the
18 Chronicle /Summer 1979
university publications committee. The
committee agreed to help with the publication of the first issue under the auspices
of the creative writing department. The
magazine has remained associated with
the department ever since.
Looking at the calm, well composed
pages of Prism International is only a start
to appreciating the magazine's achievements. Zilber points out that Prism was
the only literary magazine west of Toronto
in 1959. (Robert Weaver's Tamarack Review began in 1956). "As a result we had a
sense that we could help ourselves to
B.C., and then Western Canada. We had a
view that too narrow an editorial perspective was operating in the rest of the country. Also we believed writers who are isolated are more likely to submit material
when someone close to home might be
interested. We also had a certain sense —
and some people still do have — that there
was a great gap between Toronto and Vancouver."
Furthermore, said Zilber, Prism International pioneered the idea that a little
magazine is an important element in the
development and perception of good writing. Someplace Herbert Gold said creativity is catching; the established writers
were encouraged to publish alongside
writers appearing in print for the first
time. In addition to the occasional bit of
irridescent mediocrity, Prism has published prize-winning poems and stories by
Robert Kroetsch, Susan Musgrave, Jack
Hodgins, Irving Layton, Joyce Carol
Oates, Patrick Lane and Margaret At-
wood. The reading list is substantial.
Equally important, says Zilber, Prism
opened up the idea that the judgement of
an individual piece of writing must take
place on a competitive and international
basis. This is part of the creation of an
environment necessary for the development of good writing. Prism did this in
two ways; by soliciting the best writers in
the world for their work, and by publishing works in translation from as many
languages as possible. Chinese, Hebrew,
French, Spanish, German, Japanese, and
Hungarian are just a few of the many
world literatures that became accessible
through Prism.
The circulation? We shall be discreet
and say "just under 2,000." It's the quality
ofthe work we are discussing here, not the
quantity. Too often readers mistake a
large circulation as a barometer of the
work's success. In literary circles this is
simply not true.
Prism has now entered a new epoch. In
1978 it became the first major literary
magazine to be student-edited. Oho, that
raises a raucous squabble like the bird
house at the zoo. Isn't there going to be a
mixture of idealism and lack of business
sense? A liberal humanism always in
danger of burning out? Wouldn't the
magazine become radical or far-out? Or
simply, juvenile? Who is going to provide
the quality-control tests that kept Prism
International on top for so many years?
Hal Gray, managing editor of the new
Prism in 1978, doesn't see it that way.
"The change came about because the
former editorial staff was losing interest in
the magazine. It needed a new direction,
and more importantly, new energy. The
students got together and put the energy
into it.
"Everybody reads all the material submitted and everybody has input. Each of
the 120 manuscripts or so we receive
monthly is read at least three times. We
personally respond to each manuscript.
Prism will always continue to be unique
because the students will always change.
Each new editor will bring new ideas."
The changes are already happening.
The magazine is now on sale at selected
Vancouver bookstores, as well as a
number of bookstores across Canada.
Plans are underway to advertise in a
number of larger circulation magazines,
and a vigorous exchange program is underway with other literary magazines,
Gray said. He added that besides the ideal
market for literary journals, he thinks
there is a larger market of people who will
read literary work if the magazine is in a
different format.
Future plans include a special issue on
drama, with three or four plays, an anthology of Irish poets from Ulster, and an
anniversary issue of international poetry
and fiction. Just published are two volumes of fiction and poetry by Canadian
writers under 30 years of age. Cover designs are also changing, as Gray said, to a
warmer, more human quality. Unlike the
vague surreal covers of the past, Gray
said, it is hoped these changes will help
make the magazine more accessible.
So the magazine is still going strong.
Or, to paraphrase Ford Madox Ford, despite the kicking it might have received, it
still has strong hinges andsolidpanelling.D
Geoff Hancock, BFA'73, MFA'75 is editor
of the Canadian Fiction Magazine and
winner of the Fiona Mee Literary Journalism Award. Two men with distinguished UBC connections
were honored at the association's annual meeting,
May 28, at Cecil Green Park. John Liersch (top
left), who served as head of UBC's forestry
department from 1942-46 and who retired as
vice-president of Canadian Forest Products in
1970 received the alumni award of distinction.
He was a member ofthe university's board of
governors for 10 years, chairing it in 1970-71.
Honorary life membership was conferred on
Dr. Brock Fahrni (right), retired director ofthe
UBC school of rehabilitation medicine. A faculty
member since 1952, he chaired two ofthe
committees, rehabilitation and geriatrics, that
were part of the task force planning the approach
to health sciences education used by UBC.... One
ofthe largest donations received, to date, for the
Walter Gage Memorial Fund was handed over by
Russ Fraser, BASc'58, president ofthe
Association of Professional Engineers of B.C.
(left) to John Banfield, who chairs the alumni
fund. The $6700 cheque represented a part ofthe
volunteer contributions given by the members of
the profession in recognition of Walter Gage's
concern for the welfare of UBC students, and his
special interest in the engineering students. To date
$123,000 has been received for the endowment
The Case of the
Truant Chronicles
Canada Post strikes again!
Our Spring'79 issue ofthe Chronicle, announcing the deadline for balloting for the board of
management was April 17, arrived in our post
office box on April 21. Since we have not yet
perfected the technique of time travel, we hope that
the enclosed ballots will be accepted....
Darrell F. Cursons, BSc'64, MEd'70
Pamela L. Cursons, BEd'71
Vanderhoof, B.C.
... And from Ottawa — "mail arrives from Haut
Savoie faster than from Vancouver." Some
alumni even resorted to poetry (with illustrations) to express their annoyance with the late
delivery of the Spring '79 issue.
First, the facts in the case. The Chronicle was
received by the post office in Winnipeg (where
it is printed) on March 23. We know that it left
the Winnipeg post office early the next week. It
soon became apparent that there was a significant chance of delays in the distribution ofthe
magazine. (A postal rate increase — of approximately 29 percent — on April 1, aided in the
congestion and confusion, apparendy.)
Considering this information the alumni returning officer then extended the date for the
receipt of ballots to April 24. Notice was sent to
all alumni in the form of a card enclosed with
the March 30 UBC Alumni Fund mailing. (The
returninis officer later decided that all ballots
received by noon, April 26 would be counted.)
Delivery dates for the magazine in Canada
have shown a remarkable degree of variation: a
reasonable three weeks in parts of the Okanagan and Kerrisdale; some parts of Burnaby got
theirs on April 19 and 20; Vanderhoof on the
21; Ottawa, a dismal 25; Montreal, April 26
and Toronto, April 30. The list goes
on....(Chronicle experience in the past year,
mailing from Winnipeg, has been that delivery
to Vancouver homes has taken approximately
seven to 11 days.)
One almost bright note. Piers Bursill-Hall in
Cambridge, England asks if there is not a better
way to send ballots to out-of-country alumni as
he received his Chronicle April 14, and he felt it
was too late to vote! (That's mailed third class,
The system of balloting used by the association was developed seven years ago, in the hope
that it would ensure alumni an opportunity to
participate in choosing board of management
members. The method used prior to 1972 was
in-person voting at the annual general meeting
(a meeting, which with the exception of a few
memorable occasions has not been known to
draw large numbers of alumni).
In the coming year the constitution committee of the association will be taking a careful
look at the election regulations to see if a better
way can be found. The cost — the postage alone
would be over $6000 — of distributing anything to 68,000 alumni homes is a large consideration in whatever course is chosen. The association will be happy to receive any suggestions for resolving this conundrum.
If it helps at all, the post office has apologized
Chronicle /Summer 1979  19 FRANK GNUP
(& Casino Night)
Thursday, July 19, 1979
University Golf Course and UBC
Graduate Student Centre... Entry
is $30 and includes golf,
reception, dinner, prizes, casino
and auction. (Without golf, $15)
Tickets and information: UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil
Green Park Road, Vancouver V6T
1X8 (228-3313)
All proceeds to the Frank Gnup
Memorial Scholarship Fund.
Do We
If your address or name has
changed please cut off the
present Chronicle address label
and mail it along with the new
information to: Alumni Records,
6251 Cecil Green Park Rd.,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1X8.
for the delays.  Pity,  they don't have a
The Chronicle would be most interested to
hear from alumni when they receive this issue
of the magazine. If you'd like to help us in our
continuing discussions with Canada Post,
please write your name and address on a post
card along with the date of receipt and mail it to
the Chronicle, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver B.C. V6T 1X8.
Election Results
And Now For Some Election Results: Elected
for two year terms, 1979-81, as members-at-
large on the alumni board of management were:
Robert Angus, BSc'71; William S. Armstrong,
BCom'58, LLB'59; Gordon Blankstein,
BSc'73, MBA'76; Grant Burnyeat, LLB'73;
Margaret Sampson Burr, BMus'64; Jo Ann
Hinchliffe, BA'74; Robert Osborne, BA'33;
Peggy Andreen Ross, MD'58; Barry Sleigh,
BASc'44 and David G. Smith, BSc'69. The
three defeated candidates, David Donohoe,
LLB'71, Robert Mackay, BCom'64 and David
Richardson, BCom'71, will also be board
members as they have been asked to fill three
vacancies caused by mid-term resignations of
members-at-large, 1978-80.
The Alumni Year
In Review
Each year the alumni association prepares a report
on its activities for presentation to its annual meeting. This year that meeting was held May 28 at
Cecil Green Park. The following is a sampling
from that report. A limited number of copies ofthe
full report are available on request from the alumni
office, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver,
B.C. V6T1X8.
"The past year has been one of challenge and
opportunity — and success in meeting that
challenge." Emphasizing the important role his
advisory committee played on long-range goals
in the past year, and would continue to play in
the future, alumni president Paul Hazell presented a review of the association's year in his
annual report.
"We lost a true friend," said Hazell, on the
death of UBC president emeritus Walter Gage.
The alumni association has worked with the
university and the students to establish the
Walter Gage Memorial Fund, that will continue to aid students in the manner that Walter
Gage did for so many years.
Hazell credited the success of the association's activities to the "enthusiasm and energy"
of the alumni volunteers. He also expressed his
appreciation to the staff of the association for
their loyalty and support "that even in difficult
times have helped make our successful year
possible." For the future Hazell urged alumni
to get involved. "We need your help, ideas and
inspiration, if we are to meet the association's
The UBC Alumni Fund reported that preliminary year-end figures indicate that 1978-79
was the most successful in its history. Approximately $270,000 was received from 7740
donors direcdy to the fund. The total of all
alumni gifts to the university and miscellaneous
income to the fund reached $415,000 from
8,210 donors. The amount given direcdy to the
fund is up 42 percent over the previous year's
campaign and the number of donors has increased 25 percent. In future graduates will be
asked for contributions in the year following
graduation. (At present they are not approached for three years after earning their degrees.)
The most significant of the year's special appeals was the launching of the Walter Gage
Memorial Fund. (On May 1, 1979 the fund
totaled $123,000.)... The Frank Gnup Golf
Classic raised another $5000 for the Gnup
Memorial Scholarship....$2000 came from
nursing alumni to establish a Jessie MacCarthy
memorial scholarship.
Alumni and friends contributed $5000 to
create a scholarship fund honoring retiring architecture professor Wolfgang Gerson... .Contributions from non-alumni parents of students
are up over 30 percent.
The Alumni Chronicle continued to meet
challenges presented by increases in circulation, and production and distribution costs.
The introduction of a fifth issue is still pending
the results of a joint advertising promotion
program with the eastern universities involved
in Alumni Media. The coming year will see the
exploration of new methods of distribution.
The awards and scholarships committee
reported that the national scholarship program
will continue into the '79-80 academic year with
the two awards being increased to $1500. A
$500 bursary was made available to a student in
the Native Indian Teacher Program and the 35
Norman MacKenzie Alumni Scholarships for
B.C. high school students entering UBC were
increased to $1000 each John Liersch,
BA'26, BASc'27, was named to receive the
alumni award of distinction and the honorary
life membership was given to Dr. Brock
Fahrni, retired head of rehabilitation medicine
at UBC.
It's been a busy year in the branches....The
University Singers made a second successful
tour of five Vancouver Island communities, visiting Victoria, Shawnigan Lake, Duncan,
Courtenay, Nanaimo, Port Alberni and
Parksville... A "Mini-Open House" went to
Kelowna in February with a variety of displays. Students, faculty and alumni were on
hand to talk about UBC. More than 18,000
people saw the displays at the Orchard Park
Shopping Centre. The committee would like to
extend this program to other communities in
the coming year....Ottawa alumni met for Oc-
toberfest....Dean emeritus Blythe Eagles was
guest of the Los Angeles branch....Fort Nelson alumni heard Du-Fay Der of the faculty of
education in a series of lectures on the Year of
the Child....In London Agent-general Laurie
Wallace hosted a reception at B.C. House for
alumni to meet Douglas McWhannel and Roy
Bentley of the faculty of education....In San
Francisco and Washington, D.C, the joint
Canadian universities held receptions and dinners....Tokyo alumni gathered to meet Oscar
Sziklai, professor of forestry and a member of
the alumni board.
The revived student-leadership conference
was again sponsored by the student affairs
committee and over 100 students, faculty and
alumni participated in the Camp Elphinstone
weekend seminar....UBC president Douglas
Kenny and vice-president Erich Vogt, were
guests at informal student dinners hosted by
the committee at Cecil Green Park....Efforts
have continued to promote the men's and women's honorary societies on campus.
Commerce alumni have been working to
20 Chronicle I Summer 1979 provide better communication among alumni,
faculty, students and the business community
by coordinating a series of luncheons for students and faculty to meet business people.
Transportation alumni produced a newsletter
and Commerce Comments was circulated to all
alumni....Dental Hygiene alumni are looking
forward to their tenth anniversary celebrations
in 1980. They are making preparations for a
newsletter and a class representative system.... Health services planning alumni co-
sponsored a successful series of seminars in
Victoria and Vancouver Over 100 home
economics alumni and friends attended the
June '78 nutrition workshop at Cecil Green
Park....Librarianship alumni hosted a reception for alumni attending the Canadian Library
Convention in June '78 in Edmonton.
Homecoming actually started last June with
the Class of '28 dinner at the faculty club.
Ninety members came to renew old friendships. In October the Classes from '33 to '68
visited the campus for tours, a football game
and dinner and dancing at the faculty
club....The Arts '20 Relay is now a highlight of
the campus intramural program thanks to the
efforts of the Fairview committee. Ten members of Arts '20 were on hand for the finish of
the 1978 running of the relay. A grant from the
Schwesinger Fund provided individual awards
in the form of miniature Cairns for the members of the winning teams. Funding for these
awards in future years is under consideration
by the committee. A reunion of all past participants in the relay has been proposed for the
day of the 1980 edition of the race.
There's been much talk in the UBC Speakers Bureau — and it's been heard by 18,000
people since the program service began four
years ago. Last year there were 224 active volunteers — faculty and staff members and
alumni — that addressed 401 groups in the
nine-month period ending March 31, 1979. A
new brochure, now being updated and reprinted, has been well received. A grant from
the Leon and Thea Koerner Foundation has
helped the bureau extend its services to organizations outside the lower mainland who would
not otherwise be able to hear a speaker from the
campus. The Koerner grant is used to help
defray travel costs....Re-evaluation and experimentation describes the year of the special
programs committee. Difficult decisions were
made to discontinue programs that were both
costiy and lacking in widespread appeal. A
planned dance was cancelled due to lack of
response....As a result of changes in the B.C.
government regulations covering the travel industry the association is no longer participating
in travel programs directed to alumni.
The women's athletics program in thanking
the association for its support, noted that the
campus athletes had again had a very successful
year in a wide number of sports....The Young
Alumni Club membership has risen to 1200.
While continuing its Thursday and Friday
evenings at Cecil Green Park the club has expanded sports and weekend programs, and put
them on a self-sustaining basis.
In assessing the year, executive director,
Harry Franklin, paid particular attention to the
development of policy guidelines and financial
controls for association activities. In his view a
greater consistency in the application of funds
will bring more effective impact to alumni
programs and help strengthen the association's
position with alumni, the university and the
Nearly 300 alumni and friends ofthe university
attended the April 30 dinner in Kelowna that
marked the first meeting ofthe UBC board of
governors in the Okanagan. All the student
academic and athletic award winners from the
Valley - 64 of them - were invited to attend as
special guests. Twenty accepted the invitation and
were introduced to the gathering by Ian
Greenwood, a Kelowna resident who currently
chairs the board. The evening's program included
an address on the university today by UBC
John Shinnick
president Douglas Kenny who was introduced by
chancellor, J.V. (Jack) Clyne. Alumni president
Paul Hazell, in thanking Dr. Kenny for his
remarks and the board for meeting in Kelowna,
expressed the hope that this type of event might be
repeated in other areas of the province. (Top) Ian
Greenwood (right) with one ofthe student award
winners. There was a reunion atmosphere about
the evening (above), with alumni from Salmon
Arm to Oliver gathering to renew acquaintance
with each other and UBC.
Chronicle ISummer 1979 21 Wayson Choy (left) winner ofthe Chronicle
Creative Writing Competition chats with Nick
Omelusik, one ofthe contest judges, prior to the
awards ceremony. Dr. Joe Katz, who chairs the
communications committee has his back to the
Summer Season For
Alumni Branches
Alumni branches tend to not follow the seasons: stirring in the fall, flowering in the
winter, with a few new shoots in the spring and
HY'S ENCORE 683-7671, THE MANSION 689-11
the summer, fallow. This year has some exceptions.
Toronto alumni are gathering for a no-host
reception in the music room at Hart House,
University of Toronto, from 7:30 pm, June 21.
Guest speaker will be Byron Hender, director
of student awards at UBC, a former AMS president, who at one time served as director of the
alumni branches program. His topic? "What's
new at UBC." For further information call
Gary Moore, 863-3586 (o), 762-0537 (h), Carroll Nelson, 366-5801 (o) or Don Mackay,
Washington, D.C. area alumni who participated in the March 30 dinner of the All-Canada
Universities Association in Maryland are already preparing to be hosts for next year's edition of this popular event. On May 11 UBC
alumni gathered at the Maryland home of Dr.
Frances Kelsey, winner of the first alumni
award of merit, for a cocktail hour, get-
acquainted-organizational meeting arranged by
Caroline Spankie Knight. Alumni are needed
to help with the arrangements for the dinner. If
you can assist call her at (202) 244-1560.
Alumni in the New York area can see the
work of noted UBC artist, professor Lionel
Thomas, at the American Museum and
Hayden Planetarium until December '79.
Thomas and Dr. Michael Ovendon, UBC professor of geophysics and astronomy are collaborating on a book, Firmaments: The Story of
the Constellations. The Thomas stars and
planets have been observed at planetariums and
galleries in Nevada, Pennsylvania, New York,
Mississippi and Utah in recent months.
How to Stretch Your
Travel Dollars
Planning your holidays? The alumni association has something that might make those accommodation dollars go a lot further. It's the
new annotated Summer '79 Guide to University Campus Accommodations.
The listing includes 33 Canadian sites —
from P.E.I, to UBC offering everything from
mountain chalets, to self-contained apartments
and the typical residence "single." Further
afield, some bargains in Australia, England and
California. Research for the list was done by the
alumni affairs department of the University of
For a copy ofthe list send $1 to cover the cost
of printing and postage to The UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8.
Creative Writing For
Fun and Profit
At UBC creative writing can be a learning experience — and a rewarding one, particularly
for the student who enters the Chronicle Creative Writing Competition.
The sixth annual edition of the contest ended
with the judges' decision on the 31 entries. The
judges were Dr. Jane Cowan Fredeman, senior
editor ofthe UBC Press, Eric Nicol, humorist,
author, columnist and playwright, Nicholas
Omelusik, head of the reading rooms division
of the library and Dr. Herbert Rosengarten,
22 Chronicle I Summer 1979 department of English.
The decision was a "difficult one" but was
unanimous in awarding the $200 first prize to
Wayson Choy, BA'61, who was taking a qualifying year for graduate work, for his story
"The Jade Peony." Prizes of $100 were
awarded to Theo Collins, Arts 4, last year's top
award winner, for "An Interrupted Cancer"
and to Mary Razzell, Arts 1 for "Two Septembers."
The prizes were presented at a special luncheon in May by John Banfield, who chairs the
UBC Alumni Fund committee. The fund provided an allocation of $550 to cover the cost of
the prizes and administration of the contest.
UBC Memorial Fund:
A Way to Remember
A tribute to one and a tribute to many — that's
the UBC Memorial Scholarship and Bursary
Fund. It's a special fund, made up of gifts from
individuals or small groups, that permanently
memorializes many people — students, faculty, alumni, family members and friends.
This year the first awards were made from
the fund and each student received a brochure
listing the names of those in whose memory
gifts had been given. The fund was created to
encourage memorial donations, smaller bequests and lifetime donations which individually would not provide sufficient investment
income to grant a meaningful award but combined will be a significant and continuing
source of student aid.
For further information contact Byron Hender, director of student awards, UBC, 228-
5111 or Dale Alexander, director of the UBC
Alumni Fund, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver V6T 1X8, 228-3313. Gifts to the
UBC Memorial Scholarship and Bursary Fund
may be directed through the UBC Alumni
A Woman's Place
Is On the Campus
On a day in September 1921, the first student
counsellor at the University of British Columbia made her way to the old Fairview campus,
near the current site of the Vancouver General
Hospital. She was Mary Bollert: dean of women.
Through all the growth and change of nearly
60 years of university history, the dean of women's office has lived on, the oldest of all student services on campus. In 1978 the office
entered a new era when it became the Women
Students' Office, headed by director Dr.
Lorette Woolsey, and when it moved to that
traditional student building, Brock Hall. The
very first $10,000 of building costs for Brock
Hall were raised by women students in the
Why has there been a women's office on
campus for so long, and why is there no comparable "Men Students' Office" or "Dean of
Men?" What does the Women Students' Office
For all of its long history the women's office
has supported and counselled women students
in a predominantly male institution, which
reflects a male career world. "Most academics
Sorry im
we ARE
we. ARE
'29, '34
& '54,'59,'64,'69
October 26 to 28
It's your year!
For information call
the Alumni Association office, 228-3313
Chronicle I Summer 1979 23 do not realize that the present structure of the
universities, growing out of traditions of male
careers and male dominance, reflect and facilitate that male career pattern," answers
But women's lives are very different, she
adds. Women are asked to nurture children, as
well as husbands, so that they immediately lose
mobility and time. They are not included in the
career dictum: merit goes to overwork and total
The Women Students' Office counsels
women in career choices; it also offers career
internships and workshops for those who want
clearer directions for post-graduate employment. The office coordinates a co-operative
education program for women in non-
traditional fields like engineering and forestry.
The staff of the office are advocates of women's issues and give ombuds-service to
women in difficulties at home or in class. Its
traditional functions of counselling, sharing
and helping have continued through all the
years of change — through years of student
protest, as well as student apathy.
The Women Students' Office acts in liaison
with other women's services on campus. The
staff of the office, as well as faculty and student
volunteers, develop programs, present workshops and offer guest lectures on subjects for,
and about, women.
Women are growing in numbers at UBC (53
percent of first and second year enrollment),
and changing lifestyles, changing job expectations, are bringing them more and more into
conflict with the male institution. To resolve
some of the conflicts between men's expectations of women, and women's changing expectations of themselves, the Women Students'
Office is prepared to carry forward issues to the
university administration. It will work for
change for women on campus; it will work for
as many years as necessary to bring women to
equality of opportunity with men.
The Women Students' Office — the office
that Mary Bollert built, in the building that
women made possible — is open daily from
8:30 am - 4:30 pm. For women graduates or
former students thinking of returning to UBC
this is the place to make your first inquiry. The
office is for women and the door is open to all
who come. (228-3449, 228-2415).
Alumni Miscellany
The summer evenings are long, the sunsets
spectacular and what better way to spend them
than at Cecil Green Park and the Young
Alumni Club. Membership is open to undergraduate students in their final year, graduate
students and to alumni. The membership fee of
$10 provides admission to the twice weekly
sessions. Thursday, 8 pm to 12:30 am, features
outstanding jazz, (Don Clark, BMus'69 was a
recent guest), folk singers and mellow taped
music. Friday, the accent is rock, with a happy
hour, 4 to 6 pm and live music 8 pm to 1 am.
Full facilities. Sports, hiking, sailing trips and
chicken barbeques are all part of the package.
For full details come to Cecil Green Park on a
YAC night or call 228-3313.
The association is again co-hosting, with the
Centre for Continuing Education, the annual
tea at Cecil Green Park for participants in the
special UBC summer program for retired
people. For full details on the program
courses, accommodation and costs call the
centre 228-2181 or write CCE, 2076 Wesbrook
Place, Vancouver B.C. V6T1W5... .Education
administration alumni held a symposium in
early May to consider Canadian education in
the 80s and the prospects for British Columbia.... And for music this summer, come to the
campus and the Early Music program of intensive workshops and concerts co-sponsored by
the music department. The emphasis is on
Renaissance, Baroque and Medieval music,
dance, song, and on the student workshops. A
festival from August 10 to 24 will feature international and local musicians in six concerts.
For a brochure with all the details call the music
department, 228-3113. So dust off your
crumhorn, tune up your lute, memorize a madrigal and come and make some music...International House is reaching out — and asking
for assistance in their orientation program for
new foreign students. There are various degrees of involvement possible in this program
— from a letter to a prospective student with
the facts about the weather to be expected,
clothes to bring, and Canadian customs, to
meeting the student on arrival in Vancouver to
arranging overnight accommodation. A
friendly welcome in a strange city in a foreign
country can mean a great deal. If you'd like to
"reach out" call IH at 228-5021. □
The Oldest and Largest
British Columbia Trust Company
J.R. Longstaffe BA '57 LLB '58 - Chairman
I.H. Stewart BA '57 LLB '60 - Director
A.G. Armstrong LLB '59 - Director
W.R. Wyman B. Comm. '56 - Director
J.CM. Scott BA '47 B. Comm. '47 - Director
G.A. McGavin B. Comm. '60 President
W.R.D. Underhill BA '54 LLB '55 - Director
E.C. Moore LLB '70 - Vice President - Alberta
K.E. Gateman B Sc. '61 - Comptroller
P.L. Hazell B. Comm. '60 - Manager Information Systems
R.K. Chow M.B.A. '73 - Pension Trust Administrator
L.J. Turner B. Comm. '72 - Property Development Co-Ordinator
J. Dixon B. Comm. '58 - Claims Manager
T.W. Taylor B. Comm. '76 - Mortgage Officer
A Complete Financial
Service Organization
Serving Western
900 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
590 W. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3711
130 E. Pender St. Vancouver 685-3935
2996 Granville St. Vancouver 738-7128
6447 Fraser St. Vancouver 324-6377
538 6th St. New Westminster 525-1616
1424 Johnston Rd. White Rock 531-8311
737 Fort St. Victoria 384-0514
121   8th Ave. S.W. Calgary 265-0455
•Member Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation 'Trust Companies Association of Canada
24 Chromcle/Summer 1979 Okanagan Alumni:
Edith and
Harley Hatfield
Last year, at the 50th anniversary reunion of UBC's Class of '28, Harley
Hatfield was surprised by an announcement that a mountain had been
named in his family's honor. It was a fitting
tribute, for Mt. Hatfield is situated roughly
east of the Hope slide, in an area well-
known and well-travelled by Harley and his
father, Seaman Hatfield.
The Hatfields' association with the B.C.
Interior began in 1907 when the family
moved from Nova Scotia, spending their
first summer here in a tent on the shores of
Shuswap Lake while Seaman Hatfield
worked as a timber cruiser. Not long after,
they moved to the Okanagan, where
Hatfield senior worked at a variety of undertakings — as a notary, a realtor, and
later as operator ofthe mail stage from Penticton to Fajrview and south ofthe border to
Oroville. After that came a boat service on
Skaha Lake, ferrying freight and people to
the developing communities.
Following his graduation in Arts '28,
Harley and his father formed an engineering company, and for a number of years
they built roads, worked on railways, water-
lines and dams. Those were busy years and
it wasn't until 1967 that Harley returned to
a long-neglected interest in history and
started investigating some of the old trails
The Woodworths
which lace the area between Tuiameen 3a4
Princeton and Hope.
It started as a personal project, with Harley spending most of the year in research,
recruiting a group of friends in the summers
to actually find the trails and follow them.
Now the annual trek over the Hudson's Bay
Brigade Trail from Tuiameen to Hope is of
growing interest. In 1977, 20 people made
the expedition, timing their arrival in Hope
to coincide with the Hope Brigade Days
There has been no logging or exploitation
along this area of the trail and Harley and
his colleagues feel it is extremely important
to save the area for the future. To this end
they have the support of the Okanagan-
Similkameen Parks Society and the Okanagan Historical Society, which have been
pressing the government to preserve the
region, perhaps by extending the boundaries of Manning Park.
Edith Tisdall Hatfield is involved in all
but the "tramping part" of her husband's
historical pursuits. She grew up in Vancouver, daughter of Charles E- Tisdall, who
was mayor of Vancouver in the early *20s,
and minister of public works in the Bowser
She graduated from UBC with her nursing degree in 1929, and came to the Okanagan as district nurse for Keremeos-
Cawston. The following year she was transferred to Kelowna to be the school nurse.
Edith (known as Toddy) and Harley were
married in 1932.
The Hatfield garden bird houses have a
fresh coat of green paint and the marina
below their house is filling up with boats.
Summer is almost here and another expedition is being planned for September. Harley
may not be going on it, unless, he says with
a gleam in his eye, they can convince a
government minister to go along.
"Once they see it, they'll realize what is
there," he says. "There's an immense
amount of history, and you don't appreciate
it until you get out and walk along where the
brigades travelled 125 years ago."
That pretty much sums up his approach
to the study of history. In his own words,
"You have to get on the ground."
Nancy and
John Woodworth
In some mysterious way,John and Nancy
Woodworth have expanded the 24-hour
day to accommodate an amazing
schedule of activity. It doesn't seem possible to account for their accomplishments in
any other way.
John, who has a private architectural
practice in Kelowna, is a writer and conservationist. Nancy is an actress and writer,
actively involved in community projects.
With Pookey the poodle they live in the
house John designed 23 years ago, when
they first moved to Kelowna. It clings to the
edge of a cliff high above Okanagan Lake. A
wooden walk makes its way to the water's
edge far below, where John is constructing
a track to haul his Cessna 180 float plane out
of the water.
Although he has an office downtown, it is
in his studio that John does his thinking,
designing and writing, inspired by the geese
and the carp and an uninterrupted view of
the lake. The studio is a recent addition to
the house, and John shows off its features
with characteristic exuberance. "I still
r>nch myself," he says. "I don't really think
I deserve it."
I -ying on a table in the studio is a copy of
the Architectural Institute of B.C.
magazine. While his colleagues wrote about
ihcir latest-architectural endeavors, John
> hose to describe the conservation project
uppermost on his mind — the preservation
■>i the Mackenzie Trail between Quesnel
anU BieJla Coola. "I'm the oddball ar-
«.hi«ct," he confesses. WI imagine they're
wnndering if I do any architecture at all!"
In fact, his architectural accomplishments arc many and varied. After graduation in 1952 from the UBC School of Architecture, where he enrolled following a
(Continued ever)
Chronicle/Summer 1979 25 wartime stint as an RCAF Coastal Command pilot, he practised in Vancouver for
three years before moving with his family to
Kelowna. He has more than 400 building
projects to his credit, including the Eric
Harvie Theatre in Banff, and the Kelowna
Community Theatre. He designed the new
$10 million Okanagan College facility, now
in the final stages of construction, and was
responsible for the overall planning for
Mount Baldy Ski Area near Osoyoos.
John describes himself as an "occasional"
writer but the word seems too modest. During his years at UBC he was architectural
editor of Western Homes and Living. He has
written more than 100 articles and manuals
on house planning, building and remodelling including The Remodelling Game,
which has sold 25,000 copies since its publication in 1973. And in 1975 he wrote Is
Everything All Right Up There, an extensive
study expressing concern about clear-cut
logging of Okanagan watersheds.
John's conservation work takes up several days a month. As an original director of
the Okanagan-Similkameen Parks Society,
he has been directly involved in negotiations for the establishment of a number of
parks, the California Bighorn preserve at
Vaseux Lake, and deer range purchases at
Peachland and Grand Forks.
He is vice-chair and executive trustee for
B.C. of the Nature Conservancy of Canada,
which is devoted to preserving ecologically
and environmentally significant land. He is
a director of the National Second Century
Fund of B.C., which is also involved in the
acquisition of ecologically important land in
this province.
Nancy Bruce Woodworth graduated with
her BA in 1941 from UBC, where she shone
as a member ofthe Player's Club, receiving
a scholarship to the Banff School of Fine
Arts as "B.C.'s most promising actress."
After graduation she worked at CBC
Radio, Vancouver, as a writer of, and actress in, various dramatic plays. After they
married, while John was still at university,
Nancy marked papers for the UBC English
department, a job that allowed her to earn
an income but stay at home and start a
family. Robin, the Woodworth's elder
daughter, is a graduate architect from
McGill, now practising in California. Carol
received her MA in speech therapy from
Now it is community activities that fill
Nancy's days. She has taught English at
Okanagan College and is just retiring after
four years as chair of Capsule College, a
project which brings lecturers to Kelowna.
She has written shows for the Kelowna Regatta and the local Canadian School of Ballet and the CBC.
Nancy is on the board of the Central
Okanagan Social Planning Society
(COSPS), which advises city council on social needs in the community, and she handles publicity for Advice Services Kelowna,
an information and referral service established by COSPS.
The Woodworth enthusiasm and energy
seems boundless. How do they keep up the
pace? John just laughs and says "We've
spread it over 25 years."
- Sally Abbott
In recognition of her contribution to the development of the Universitv of Victoria, Mar-
ion Cardwell Ricker, BASc'31, received a 1978
Jubilee Medallion, one of a limited edition of
100 coins minted in silver to celebrate 75 years
of higher education in Victoria. She was a government appointee to the founding senate of
the University of Victoria and served from 196:!
to 1969....WiUiam C. Gibson, BA'33, (MSC,
MDCm, McGill; DPhil, Oxon), for many years
head of the department ofthe history of science
and medicine and now head of the Universities
Council of B.C. and Nobel laureate Sir John
Eccles are joint authors of a new book: Sherrington, His Life and Thought (Springer-
Verlag). They deal in depth with the Sherrington life and philosophy from his undergraduate days at Cambridge to his receipt ofthe
Nobel prize in physiology. Sherrington is
memorialized at UBC in the Woodward Library in a room named for him and containing
such memorabilia as his court dress and Nobel
citation. UBC's first president, Frank Wesbrook, was a student and later close friend of
Sherrington Harold M.  Wright,  MA'33,
(BA, BSc, Utah), has been appointed to the
board of directors of Loto Canada. Chair of
Wright Engineers Limited, he has extensive
experience in Canadian amateur sport. A track
athlete in the 1932 Olympics, he became president of the Canadian Olympic Association
(1969-1977) and was director ofthe organizing
committee of the 1976 Olympic Games ir
A talk given to the White Rock Historica.
Society earlier this year by John E. Armstrong.
BASc'34, MASc'35, (PhD, Toronto), was of
earthshattering, historical importance. Associated with the Geological Survey of Canads
all his career, Armstrong centered his lecture
around the geological history of the lower mainland, its potential for an earthquake and B.C.
Hydro's gas storage program in south Surrey.
Armstrong, who is from a Surrey pioneer family, cares about the area in both an historic and a
geological way....British Columbia has several
changes in its judiciary: Leo Ganser, BA'35.
BCom'35, is assuming part-time duties as
county court judge, Kootenay, in order to give
more time to his role as chancellor of David
Thompson University Centre. His spot on the
bench is being taken by Kenneth Houghton,
BA'48;, LLB'49. The Cariboo county court
gained a new judge in the person of John Edward Hardinge, LLB'51, who was an officer in
the Canadian Army when he graduated (he was
the army's youngest captain in 1952 at age 25!.
The supreme court of B.C. has added to its
bench WiUiam Arthur Esson, BA'53, LLB'57,
described by The Advocate as "a gentle and
graceful man." Esson is further characterized
as having "patience and compassion, clear
thinking and uncommon good sense" — all
admirable and probably necessary qualities for
his new position. He replaces James A. MacDonald, BA'38, who has been named to the
B.C. court of appeal. Also appointed to the
appeal court is James Douglas Lambert,
LLB'58, the youngest member of the court.
Active in the Law Reform Commission in past
years, he has been involved in many phases of
legal work, including drafting the income tax
laws of Barbados where he lived for a year while
completing his task. Another appointee to the
supreme court of B.C. started out in Canada as
an immigrant journalist. Martin Rapson
Taylor, LLB'62, became interested in studying law while interviewing a UBC law faculty
Vancouver artist Helen W. Gray Griffin,
BA'38, MA'68, presided over the opening of a
show of her brush and ink flower paintings and
landscapes at the Art Gallery of Greater Victoria in February. Griffin's second degree from
UBC (in Chinese studies) has influenced her
work, and her philosophy of harmonizing with
nature is apparent in her representations of the
flora and fauna of B.C. Some examples of her
work are included in the Plantae Occidentals,
200 years of B.C. Botanical Art, exhibit now on
display at the UBC Museum of Anthropology.
Donald D. Stewart, BA'40, has retired after 33
years of service with Atomic Energy Canada.
He has held various positions at the Chalk
River nuclear laboratories, and until January,
1977 he was manager, general services division.
Since then he has been located in Toronto, first
as site selector for a projected fuel cycle centre,
and recently as manager, fuel management
centre. Route and Site selection  Disaster buff Derek WiUiam Pethick, BA'43, is
the aulhor of British Columbia Disasters. In his
new work he describes such events as the
smallpox epidemic of 1862, the ramming and
sinking ofthe old sidewheel steamer "Pacific,"
and the sinking ofthe liner "Princess Sophia"
in 1918 A distinguished service citation was
awarded to Donald Glenn Ivey, BA'44,
MA'46, (PhD, Notre Dame), by the American
Association of Physics Teachers at its annual
meeting in New York City in January. The
award recognized Ivey's "leadership in bringing physics to a very large group" in presenting
a series of programs on CBC-TV (1953-1966)
and in preparing teaching films for high school
physics. The films have been used throughout
the world and one, "Frames of Reference,"
received an Edison Award as best science education Sim of 1962. Ivey served from 1963 until
1974 as principal of New College in the University of Toronto and is, at present, associate
chair in the department of physics there.
New head of reference services in the Vancouver Public Library is Aileen M. Tufts,
BA'45, (BLS, Washington). She established
the business and economics department at the
VPL in 1951 and will continue as head of the
business division during her appointment....The new vice-president of Canadian
Genersi Electric for western Canada is Kenneth L. Broe, BASc'46. Previously, Broe was
manager of the Ontario region, heavy machinery sales. His new headquarters is Calgary.. .. Former mayor of Burnaby (1969-1973),
Robert W. Prittie, BA'47, was a recipient of an
honorary degree from Simon Fraser University
at their Convocation ceremonies in May. The
award was given in recognition of his contribution to the community....G. Robert Day,
BCom'48, is now provincial director for Saskatchewan with Central Mortgage & Housing
Corporation. Since going to CMHC in 1949,
Day has had wide experience in all aspects of
26 Chronicle Summer 1979 the corporation, both at the national office in
Ottawa and as a field manager. Prior to his
latest appointment, he was manager of the Saskatoon office On leave of absence from the
Manitoba department of agriculture, Robert
McConneU Rae, BSA'48, is undertaking an
assignment with Agriculture Canada in Tanzania. As agricultural engineer, he will work
with a team involved in wheat research and
Shocked by the signs of "generations of neglect" and horrified to see the unrestrained manner in which his native city (Toronto) was being
polluted, Donald Alfred Chant, BA'50,
MA'52, and a group of university colleagues
formed "Pollution Probe." That was almost 13
years ago. Today the organization has grown
into a privately funded foundation with a paid
staff of 15 and has spawned "Energy Probe,"
dedicated to the preservation of energy resources. Today, Dr. Chant is vice-president of
the University of Toronto — a job he accepted
on the proviso that he could keep up his interests in research and pollution. Two years
from now, when his present administrative position expires, the zoologist plans to return to his
two main loves — research and ecology. He
received the alumni award of distinction in
Fear and loneliness are often earmarks of
aging — and for those in chronic care institutions, "life becomes an endless chain of days
and nights that are monotonous and structured." Accurate words from Brigitta
Griffiths, BA'52, BSW'53, MSW'54, who is
now active in reversing these truths in her role
at the Perley Hospital, a chronic care facility in
Ottawa....In Penticton, B.C., Howard Hamilton, LLB'54, has been appointed to the advisory committee to the B.C. Physical Fitness and
Amateur Sports Fund Wallace  Keith
Lacey, BASc'54, has been named an associate
of DSMA Atcon Ltd., consulting engineers.
Lacey is responsible for the engineering science
section, technology division A  past  UBC
alumni association branch president in Calgary
and Ottawa, Patrick J.B. Duffy, BSF'55, (MF,
Yale; PhD, Minnesota), is executive secretary
for the Alaska Highway gas pipeline environmental assessment panel. He is responsible for
the dissemination of information dealing with
the environmental impact statement.
After 30 years with the B.C. Forest Service,
forest geneticist, AUan L. Orr-Ewing, PhD'56,
(BA, Edinburgh; MA, Calif.), has retired. Regarded as the instigator of forest tree breeding
in B.C., Orr-Ewing spent most of his time with
the ministry improving the quality of B.C.'s
seed tree stock — particularly Douglas
firs....With a background of extensive engineering, computer systems and management
experience, Graeme S. Balcom, BASc'57, is
the new senior vice-president of Sydney Development Corporation. He will head up the
international management systems division offering seminars and consultation to clients in
North America and Europe.
Did all the readers of Canadian Business
notice that the editor, Alexander C. Ross,
BA'57, has taken to publishing poetry in City
Woman? If not, check the March/April 1979
issue: you can experience Sandy's offering,
"Television Girls: A Documentary."...David
Peter Worthington
Senator Keith Davey, parrying thrusts
at his boss in the PMO, accused the
Toronto Sun of "McCarthy-like" tactics; CBC broadcaster-guru Larry Zolf puts
the brash tabloid down as "a piece of dung"
(but admits he enjoys it); Maclean's writer
Mark Nichols suggests it's not a newspaper
at all but more "a comic book for grownups." No one in Toronto is indifferent to
the Sun. Read out of hate or love, it has
never lacked for readers in its youthful existence and now (with 150,000 readers weekdays and 300,000 Sundays) is closing in on
the staid, but slipping (263,000-circulation)
Globe and Mail. Born amid the ashes (and
hangovers) ofthe demise of the old Toronto
Telegram in November, 1971, the Toronto
Sun has since become the most controversial newspaper in Canada and, as an almost
instant profit-maker, the big success story in
the North American newspaper business.
And much of this is owed to the soft-
spoken, graying editor-in-chief, Peter
Worthington, who began his journalistic
career on The Ubyssey, recently hit the news
in another big way. He and the publisher of
the Toronto Sun were charged under the
Official Secrets Act with publishing "top
secret" information about Soviet espionage
in Canada. It was the first time a Canadian
newspaper has been charged under the 88-
year-old act, a draconian law that carries a
maximum penalty of 14 years' imprisonment. Worthington published information
from a leaked government report (he received the same document four times) in his
column last March (after a Tory MP had
revealed much the same material under the
immunity of Parliament) because he felt
Canadians were being "misled" on the issue
by Prime Minister Trudeau and because he
felt the matter was in the public interest.
The case, which promised to be a cause
celebre, was dismissed in April.
It's all reflective of the fact that Peter
Worthington, 51, is one of the toughest,
most committed journalists in Canada today. Which is something of a surprising
outcome for a person who drifted into journalism. The Winnipeg-born son of a Canadian army general, he had dropped out of
high school at 16 to join the navy during the
Second World War. After a two-year hitch,
he tagged along with his fellow vets to UBC
and by the time it took the university to
discover he hadn't matriculated in Ontario
he had passed his first year — and was
allowed to continue. The next few years he
spent "totally involved in sports and fooling
around" until he dropped out to go north to
work and then to travel around Europe. In
1950 he was running out of money in
Europe and the Korean War had started, so
he joined the Canadian army, serving as a
paratroop lieutenant with the Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry. It wasn't
until he returned to UBC in 1954 to com
plete his degree (BA'55) that he began to get
interested in journalism, covering sports for
The Ubyssey and for The Province part-time.
After a stint covering news for The Province, he went to Carleton school of journalism on a scholarship and then joined the
Toronto Telegram.
The Suez Crisis broke out and, because
of his army background, he was sent to
cover it. beginning a 15-year career as a
foreign correspondent for the Tely. Thereafter he went from hotspot to hotspot — the
Lebanese civil war, the Six Day War, Biafra
— ending up covering Soviet affairs. Always inclined to the right politically, it was
Worthington's experience in Moscow from
1965-67 (where he acquired a Russian wife)
that confirmed him in his antipathy to
Marxism and his distrust of the Soviet Union. It's this distrust that is at the root ofthe
recent controversy.
Worthington blew the whistle on the federal government last March because he believed Trudeau was trying to downplay the
threat of Soviet intelligence to Canada. And
now he's equally convinced that the charges
against him and theStoi were a purely political attack. "I think the decision was made
by Mr. Trudeau," said Worthington. "He
doesn't like us and the feeling's reciprocated."
But beyond ideology, what was behind
Worthington's recent hotspot is his firmly-
held journalistic credo. He believes journalists — and the bluntly-outspoken tabloid he helped found reflects this — must
perform an adversary role. "I basically feel
that newspapers should be anti-
government, in the loyal sense," he says.
"Newspapers shouldn't be looking for nice
things to say about government; government has its own propaganda devices. I
think the newspapers' role is to look for the
flaws and point out where things are going
wrong. It's basically a thing of: hate all the
bastards equally." Canada needs more
tough-minded journalists like Peter Worthington.
- Clive Cocking
Chronicle /Summer 1979 27 UBC
If you'd like to find out what
goes on in alumni branches
just give your local alumni
representative a call.
Campbell River: Jim Boulding (Box 216);
Castlegar: Bruce Fraser (365-7292); Courtenay: William Dale (339-5719); Dawson
Creek: TBA; Aincan: J. Parker McCarthy
(746-7121); Fort St. John: Ellen Paul (785-
8378); Ksmloops: Bud Aubrey (372-8845)
Kelowna: Eldon Worobieff (762-5445 Ext. 31)
Kimberley: Larry Garstin (427-3557)
Nanaimo: James Slater (753-3245); Nelson
Judge Leo Gansner (352-3742); Penticton
Dick Brooke (493-0402); Port Alberni: Gail Van
Sacker (723-7230); Powell River: TBA; Prince
George: Robert Affleck (563-0161 Ext. 214);
Prince Rupert: Dennis Hon (624-9737); Salmon Arm: W.H. Letham (832-2264); Terrace:
Mike Jones (635-9141); Victoria: Kirk Davis
(656-3966); Williams Lake: Anne Stevenson
Calgary: Frank Garnett (262-7906); Edmonton: Gary Caster: (465-1342), John Haar
(425-8810); Fredericton: Joan & Jack Van der
Linde (455-6323); Halifax: Carol MacLean
(423-2444); Montreal: L. Hamlyn Hobden
(871-8601); Ottawa: Robert Yip (997-4074),
Bruce Harwood (996-3995); Quebec City: Ingrid Parent (527-9888); Regina: Gene Rizak
(584-4361): St. John's: Barbara Draskoy
(726-2576); Toronto: Gary Moore (762-0537);
Whitehorse: Celia Dowding (667-5187); Winnipeg: Gary Coopland (453-3918); Yellowknife: Charles A. Hulton (873-3481).
Clovis: Martin Goodwin (763-3493); Denver:
Harold Wright (892-6556); Los Angeles: Elva
Reid (351-8020); New York: Rosemary Brough
(688-2656); San Diego: Dr. Charles Armstrong
(287-9849); San Francisco: Norman A. Gillies
(567-4478); Seattle & P.N.W.: Gerald Marra
(641-3535); Washington, D.C: Caroline
Knight (244-1560).
Australia & New Zealand: Christopher Brang-
win, 12 Watkins St., Bondi, New South Wales;
Bermuda: John Keefe, Box 1007, Hamilton;
England: Alice Hemming, 35 Elsworthy Road,
London, N.W. 3; Ethiopia: Taddesse Ebba, College of Agriculture, Dire Dawa, Box 138, Addis
Ababa; Hong Kong: Dr. Thomas Chung-Wai
Mak, Science Centre, Chinese University, Sha-
tin; Dr. Ronald S.M. Tse, Dept. of Chemistry, U.
of Hong Kong, Bohman Rd.; Japan: Maynard
Hogg, 1-4-22 Kamikitazawa, Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan 156; Nigeria: Elizabeth Durdan, Box
402, Kaduna; Rome: Art Sager, FAO, Via delle
Terme de Caracalla, Rome, 00100; Scotland:
Jean Aitchison, 32 Bentfield Drive, Prestwick;
South Africa: Kathleen Lombardi,
Applethwaite Farm, Elgin, CP.
J. McEachran, BCom'58, is one of four new
assistant deputy ministers with the reorganized
fisheries and oceans department in Ottawa. He
assumed responsibility for the planning, direction and coordination of fisheries management
and research programs in the Pacific, Western
and Ontario regions, and also for national programs of fisheries habitat protection, freshwater
research and policies governing management of
Indian subsistence fisheries... .Past president of
the alumni association (1973-1974), George L.
Morfitt, BCom'58, was elected 1978 Executive
of the Year in Canadian Amateur Sport. Morfitt
is currently director and treasurer of Sport B.C.
He was also the first Canadian in 44 years to win
the U.S. National Veterans Squash title in
New vice-president, metal packaging and
field services for American Can of Canada is
Douglas W. Moul, BASc'58. Until his appointment, Moul was general manager, metal
packaging. He assumes responsibility for product development, manufacture, sales and
marketing for Canada's largest metal packaging
business....Not everyone grows up and leaves
the farm. George G. Fraser, BSc'59, is the
new president of the B.C. Fruit Growers' Association and still tends the same apple trees on
the same 40 acres that his grandfather planted
in 1919 near Osoyoos.
Father Mark Owen Lee, PhD'60, was recently
touted as being one of "Toronto's hidden
superstars." Father Lee has kept a high profile
for students of the classics (especially Virgil),
the opera (especially Wagner), and films—
witness his books, papers and courses on all
three subjects. Voted "best teacher on campus"
three yea-s running at the University of St.
Thomas in Houston, Texas (where there are
many "bests" to choose from), Lee is currently
teaching at St. Michael's College in Toronto.
Political action regarding an energy policy
for Vancouver Island was the main topic of a
one day workshop in Errington, B.C., sponsored by the Parksville-Qualicum chapter of
the B.C. Energy Coalition. The chief address
was delivered by Kenneth R. Lyall, BSc'61,
MSc'65, whose main work in physics deals with
the effects of ultrasound on metals....A senior
part ler in a legal firm, Warren J.A. Mitchell,
BCom'61, LLB'62, was a tax consultant for
Revenue Canada until 1961. Recendy, he contributed an article entitled "Retiring Allowances" to the CGA Magazine of Vancouver.... Formerly chief librarian at Red Deer
College, L.B. Jack Mounce, BA'61, MLS'78
is now coordinator of library and learning resources at the Pacific Vocational Institute in
At $9.3 million it's the most expensive and
one of the most danger-ridden Canadian
movies ever made. It's the recently filmed version of Alistair MacLean's Bear Island, produced by Peter R.E. Snell, BA'61. Filmed in
part at Summit Lake, B.C., the Anglo-
Canadian project is filled with adventure and an
international cast, and is set for release this
Christmas....Jack Abram Biickert, BSF'62, is
the new manager of the Prince Rupert forest
region where he has been assistant regional
manager since 1976....The Continuing Legal
Education Society of B.C. has a new executive
director in Jack Huberman, BA'62, MA'63,
LLB'66. Living in Vancouver, he is involved
with many ofthe programs ofthe Canadian Bar
The province of B.C. has a new chief coroner
who is considered expert in the investigation of
aircraft accidents — in part because of his experience with Canada's Fighter Gunnery Team
and ten years as a fighter pilot with the armed
forces. He is Dr. William McArthur, BSc'63.
He has spent the past ten years serving as medical officer in clinical research in Canada and
abroad and is the author of numerous books
and papers on unnatural and accidental deaths
....Peter J.E. Peters, BA'65, MA'69, is an
economist who enjoys relating the variety of
areas in economics with the events ofthe world.
He is especially interested in the environmental
and philosophical aspects of his discipline.... Responsible for the overall operation of
the northern affairs program in the Yukon is
Denis M. Watson, BA'65, MA'71, new regional director of the department of Indian and
northern affairs for the Yukon region. Watson
has worked in many areas of northern Canada
and is the son of a prospector and gold miner
....John Thomas Humphries, BCom'67, was
elected alderman in West Vancouver in September, 1978 for a two year term....Newly appointed by Oxfam-Canada to their Atlantic
staff is James MacLean, BA'67, MA'69,
whose efforts will centre on public education in
the problems of under-development in Canada
and the Third World. He is the editor of the
Bulletin of the Canadian Society for the Study of
Carroll G. Yakelashek Nelson, BHE'70, has,
for the past year, been manager of Starword
Communications — the public relations division of Leo Burnett Advertising of Canada. She
and her husband, K. Gregory Nelson,
BCom'70, are living in Toronto....the first recipient of the Sr. Ann O'Brien scholarship is
Michael A. Rothery, MSW'70. Sponsored by
the Catholic Family Services, the award of
$1000 was given to Rothery in order to assist
him in his doctoral studies in social work at the
University of Toronto.
With past experience as both information
officer for Agriculture Canada and as communications coordinator for UBC's faculty of
agricultural sciences, Carol Anne Paulson,
BSc'73, is the editor of Butterfat — the publication of the Fraser Valley Milk Producers' Association.. . .Being a nurse for lighthouses along
British Columbia's coastline is an unusual job,
but one that offered good training for F. Arlene
Galloway, BSN'74, who is now senior health
nurse with the Upper Island health unit offering community nursing programs out of four
unit offices. Galloway will be responsible for
the Campbell River, Gold River, Tahsis and
Port Hardy areas....J.A. Keith Reid, MSc'74,
(PhD, Guelph), is now an environmental scientist with Atomic Energy of Canada at
Whiteshell Nuclear Research Station, Pinawa,
Manitoba. He is studying the storage of high-
level, radioactive waste.
Traditional recipes can have their caloric
value reduced by as much as 75 per cent according to Jerre Ann Kent, BHE'75, who is
employed by Counterweight as a nutritionist.
28 Chronicle I Summer 1979 "I'm trying to show people how the better way
of living can be a more enjoyable way of living,"
says Kent....Federal negotiator in the current
land claim discussions with the Indians of the
Yukon Territory, and the Inuvialuit of the
Mackenzie Delta and Western Arctic, John K.
Naysmith, PhD'75, (BSc, UNB; MA, Harvard), was guest speaker at several Canadian
Club dinner meetings in the B.C. Interior earlier this year. Author of Land Use and Public
Policy in Northern Canada, Naysmith was
awarded the Canadian Silver Jubilee Medal in
1977 for his work on the northern issues
....UBC graduate librarians are in the news
again as positions on the local scene are filled
and exchanged. Muriel Roberts, BA'75,
MLS'79, and Lynn Erickson, BA'66, MLS'77,
have been appointed children's librarians at the
Burnaby Public Library, replacing Sidney D.
Sawyer, MLS'74, who has joined the Legal
Services Commission. Linda M. Shine ton,
MLS'76, is a new adult librarian at Central
Park Library, Burnaby, replacing Kenneth D.
Bunnell, BA'73, MLS'76, who was appointed a
librarian at UBC's Sedgewick Library. Paul B.
Whitney, MLS'74, has been appointed branch
librarian at the McGill branch of Burnaby Public Library.
Richardson-Molander. Albert Edward
Richardson, BSP'59, to Claire Annette Molan-
der, October 8, 1978 in Qualicum Beach,
BC ...Rogers-Colombina. Ronald Colston
Rogers, BASc'78, to Giuseppina Colombina,
March 31, 1979 in Dawson Creek, B.C.
Dr. and Mrs. David C. Foulds, (Shirley V.
Walton, BSR'69), a son, Max Edward, July 1,
1978 in Brighton, England....Mr. and Mrs.
D.J.P. Nicholson, (Mary Jo Anderson,
LLB'66), a son, Alexander Ewan, August 22,
1978 in Toronto....Dr. and Mrs. J.A. Keith
Reid, BSc'72, MSc'74, (Sylvia Hodge,
BEd'72), a son, Scott Nathan, July 18, 1978 in
St. Catharines... .Dr. and Mrs. David J. Segal,
BSc'65, a son, Adam Elliott, July 19, 1978 in
Edmonton Mr. and Mrs. Richard H.
Watts, LLB'70, (Bonnie Wright, BEd'75), a
daughter, Heather Rosalind, January 9, 1979
in Vancouver.
Jessie Acorn, BA'31, October 1978, accidentally in Vancouver. She taught English for
many years in the Vancouver schools.
Barbara Stirling Brock, BA'26, August 1978 in
Cape Town, South Africa. Mrs. Brock was the
widow of B. Britton Brock, BA'26, geologist
and son of Dean R.W. Brock, UBC's first Dean
of Applied Science and brother of the late
David Brock, BA'30, noted commentator,
broadcaster and writer of Vancouver. Mrs.
Brock had lived in South Africa since 1932.
Survived by son Patrick, BASc'56, and daughter, Elizabeth Robertson, BA'52.
Cedric Albert Hornby, BSA'36, MSA'40,
March 1979 in Vancouver. His long career at
UBC, first as a student and later in research in
plant sciences, was interrupted for corvette
service in WWII after which he obtained his
doctorate from Cornell. He is remembered as a
"dedicated teacher, scientist and friend" by Vic
Runeckles, head of plant science at UBC.
Willard E. Ireland, BA'33, (MA, Toronto;
LLD, SFU), January 1979 in Victoria. He
taught high school in South Burnaby before
being appointed provincial archivist in 1940.
Later, he took leave of absence to serve with the
RCAF overseas and on his return, in 1946, was
given the additional appointment of provincial
librarian. He was a member of the board of
governors of the University oLVictoria. Past
president ofthe B.C. Library Association, The
Canadian Library Association and the B.C.
Historical Association, he was named B.C.'s
Man of the Year in 1966 by the Newsmen's
Club of B.C. He is survived by his wife, two
daughters and a son (Robert Ireland, BSc'67).
Gwyneth Murray Logan, May 1979 in Ottawa, Ont. Mrs. Logan, daughter of Sir James
Murray, was the widow of the late and well-
remembered Harry T. Logan, professor
emeritus of classics. She is survived by a daughter, Barbara Logan Tunis, DPHN'44 and a
son, Kenneth, BSF'49. Memorial contributions may be made, through the UBC Alumni
Fund, to lie Logan Memorial Research Fund
in the UBC faculty of medicine. □
UBC Alumni Association
^ National Scholarship
At least one $1,500 scholarship will be
available for the 1979-80 academic year
for a student, whose home is outside of
B.C., who is entering or continuing
studies at the undergraduate level at
UBC. Preference is given to the sons and
daughters of UBC alumni.
The award is made possible by donations
to the UBC Alumni Fund.
Application deadline: July 15,1979.
For further information and application
forms write:
National Scholarships, UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C., V6T 1X8.
you get around^
these days....
and see us again: you're
always welcome
ubc bookstore
on the campus 228-4741
Chronicle/Summer 1979 29 Chronicle
...is your personal marketplace. It's a
way to reach the more than 70,000
Chronicle readers (about half in Vancouver, the rest in more exotic locales).
Whether you have something to sell or
something you want to buy, send us
your ad and we'll find a category.
Canadian Fiction Magazine features fiction, manifestoes, reviews, graphics,
photos and interviews quarterly, for $9
per year in Canada, $10 elsewhere. P.O.
Box 46422. Station G. Vancouver, BC
V6R 4G7.
CROSSROADS: The World of Islam. A
colorful new glossy magazine about Islamic countries. Travel; History; Arts;
Crafts; Personalities; Cuisine. 12 issues
for $12 surface; $20 airmail. Write Joyce
F.ncer (Conroy-Finn. BA'61), P.K. 116
Levent, Istanbul. Turkey.
UBC's Women's Resources Centre: drop-
in counselling, referral and life-style
planning, Ste. 1, 1144 Robson St. Vancouver, BC (685-3934).
Sandy Beynon
B.MUS.. A.R.C.T., A.(MUS.)T.C.L., R.M.T.
2541 W. King Edward Ave.
Vancouver, B.C. V6L 1T5
Tel: 733-3165
Chronicle Classified is a regular quarterly
feature. All classified advertisements are
accepted and positioned at the discretion
of the publisher. Acceptance does not
imply product or service endorsement or
support. Rates: $1 per word, 10 word
minimum; 10% extra for display; 10%
discount for four times insertion. Telephone numbers and postal codes count as
one word. Cheque or money order must
accompany copy. Closing date for next
issue (Sept. 15) is Aug. 15. Chronicle
Classified, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8(228-3313).
Walter Gage:
Friend, Teacher
The following letter seems to sum up the feelings of
many alumni, about their friend and teacher,
Walter Gage, president emeritus of UBC, who
died last fall.
"Each of his friends was inclined to believe
himself Walter's best friend." This excerpt
from Roy Daniels' appreciation of Walter Gage
(Chronicle, Winter '78) almost says it all.
We were at Victoria College together in the
early '30s. We came over from Victoria to UBC
at the same time — I as a fledgling mining
engineer, and he as a teacher. I was in his first
calculus class. I became "broke at Christmas,"
(as I was at all other times, too). Somehow, my
fees became payable "sometime later" during
next year's work in the mines. I was obviously
Walter's "best friend." Why not? Of course, I
was merely one of the first of what must have
been thousands of his "best friends."
I have remembered Walter so very vividly
through some 45 years, not so much as the
friend, but as the incomparable wit and the
incomparable teacher. Walter was without peer
as a teacher because he knew, so clearly and so
infallibly, that which would confuse. Long before we had reached it, he had built a covered
bridge of understanding across the chasm of
confusion and had guided us across it, usually
without our ever having been aware that it was
there. Remember the high-school frustrations
in the first year of algebra when, at mid-term,
we still felt that "x" was some mysterious thing
understood by everyone save ourselves, and
how, therefore, we developed a long-lasting, if
not permanent, negative response to "maths?"
Remember the first period of Walter's calculus
term? Remember how, after only 30 minutes,
his repeated cutting of the cheese in half until
there was notiling left but the smell — i.e. —
d(cheese) — stripped d(x) of all mystery, and
generated that immediate and positive response
to calculus? Do you, Donald Stainsby?
His wit? Remember how Walter habitually
stood at the podium at 8:59 AM, quietly waiting for the 9 AM bell? — how the door was
closed at the end of the bell, and how "annoyed" Walter became at late arrivals? It was
such a morning — Walter was standing there
waiting, the bell was still ringing, and Bill Bacon, one of those dumb geologists, charged into
the room and managed, just, to gain his seat as
the bell stopped. Many of us will remember the
following interlude:
Gage: (benignly) — "Well, Mr. Gillette, that
was a close shave."
Bacon: (smartly, for a Geologist) — "That, sir,
was a cutting remark."
Gage: (flipping a chalk particle at Bacon) —
"Yes, and it will undoubtedly appear in Thursday's Ubyssey under the heading of 'sharp sayings'."
Yes, diat is old stuff now. But, at the time, it
was new, utterly spontaneous, and truly
Gagean. Walter was unique. He is irreplaceable.
- Dennis Fairbairn, BASc'42
Mount Hope, Ontario
Genus: Americana,
Species: Canadiana
A recent editorial in a prominent U.S.
magazine bore the caption "Scratch a Canadian, find an American." In general terms of
what makes us Canadians, the question was
well written and interesting indeed. It is witii
the caption that we must take issue. There is no
need to scratch a Canadian, he or she is an
American, although the genus has distinct varieties.
The Canadian has not preempted the title, as
has his neighbor to the South, nevertheless he is
an American. Like the citizen of Mexico City or
the burgher of New York, he is specifically a
North American and destined to share what is
no doubt the most progressive continent, at this
One of the reasons the Canadian has not
preempted the title American is that by heritage and temperament he or she is die world's
most underdeveloped chauvinist. As I travel
from Turkey to Spain, from Belgium to Yugoslavia, the experience repeats itself, we enjoy a
unique prestige.
Travelling recently on a passenger coastal
steamer from Rieka to Dubrovnik along die
Dalmation coast, I fell into conversation with a
manager of a people's-owned factory in Split.
Our medium of conversation was German, a
second language to us both. Our talk went on in
generalities until I mentioned that I was a
Canadian. It was as if I had found the magic
key. Jokingly he referred to my clothes which
made him believe I was an American. I replied
that although I did not preempt the definition,
I most certainly was. Soon our conversation
ranged from problems, both personal and managerial, of his factories, of internal politics
within his country, all the way to U.S./Asian
involvement and ending on exchanging notes
about our respective families. We parted
friends and his last words still keep ringing in
my ears, "As a Canadian I knew you would be
objective in your attitude towards us." His remark left me with a large order of what is
expected of us.
It seems that history has put us on the spot,
as a nation and as individuals. Unlike many
Western powers we have never waged a war for
gain nor in dispute of territory. . . .We have a
clean slate on all continents by having refrained
from strong partisanship during international
disputes, willing always to concede that no one
side can ever be 100 per cent right.
Whether of our own making or not, our
reputation is one of objectivity, the prerequisite
of which is tolerance, plus a willingness to
examine issues with cool detachment, putting
aside whatever preconceived opinion or
judgements we possess. It is expected of us,
even in these difficult times, not to let our
tempers fray! This can be an awesome trial, but
it is also a magnificent code. You might say it is
an American trait that sets us apart as Canadians.
- W. Michael Swangard, MSc '36,
San Andres de Llavaneras,
Barcelona, Espana
30 Chronicle/Summer 1979 ■zxetmmwy «w«&4Vnw-'HH«efr'4Wme» «ww«mw<wi>i«
Iv >1^0c^ '^pieieitkioeiQCKjr*
Quick. Precise.
Beautifully balanced.
Fun to drive.
Striking to look at.
The easiest way to get
into a Porsche.
Nv \.
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Discover the sports car
of the future.
Exciting. Exhilarating.
Unbelievably luxurious.
Guildford mctors Ltd.
13820 - 104TH AVENUE, SURREY, B.C
584-1311 THIS MAN IS
At a time when many people are fed up with the quality
of new cars, 9 out of 10 people who buy new Volvos are
Having bought four Volvos, the man you see here is
He's Robert Froebel, an engineer and teacher in
Toronto, and he's been buying Volvos since 1965. He's kept
all his old Volvos in the family, giving one to his wife and
passing two others along to his sons.
Mr. Froebel estimates he's put a third of a million
miles on the Volvos he's bought.
"They might not go on forever, but as yet they've
shown no signs of stopping. I can't imagine a car I
could have invested in that would have given me a
greater return!'
If you've never felt this kind of attachment to a car
you've owned, consider a Volvo.
Better to have known one-fourth the happiness
Mr. Froebel has known, than never     VOLVO
to know happiness at all.      A car you can believe in.


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