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UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1968

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 ^^ ■ UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
The Brave New World ot Genetics We've got one that isn't a credit card at all.
Bancardchell-the cash card.
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VOLUME 22, NO. 3, AUTUMN 1968
an interview with Dr. David Suzuki
by Clive Cocking
by John K. Friesen
by Clive Cocking
Frank C. Walden, B.A'49, chairman
Stan Evans, BA'41, BEd'44, past chairman
Miss  Kirsten Emmott,  Sc 4
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67
Dr. Joseph Katz, BA, MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago)
Mrs. John McD Lecky, BA'38
Fred H. Moonen, BA'49
Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48, BA'49
Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51
Clive Cocking, BA'62
Susan Jamieson, BA'65
Roy Peterson
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The
University of British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada.
Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251
N.W. Marine Dr., U.B.C, Vancouver 8, B.C. Authorized
as second class mail by the Post Office Department,
Ottawa, and for payment of postage in cash. Postage
paid at Vancouver, B.C.
The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle is sent free of charge to
alumni donating to the annual giving programme and 3
Universities Capita Fund. Non-donors may receive the
magazine by paying a subscription of $3.00 a year.
Member American Alumni Council. The Brave New
World of Genetics
knowledge, as they say, is power.
Nowhere is this more evident today
than in the field of genetics, where
man's increasing knowledge is producing fantastic potential power to
change the character of man. UBC
associate professor of zoology Dr.
David Suzuki examines the implications of this new knowledge in
a tape-recorded interview with
Chronicle editor Clive Cocking.
Vancouver-born, Dr. Suzuki, 32,
received his early education in
Ontario and later Amherst College
and the University of Chicago.
COCKING: How close are we to
the brave new world that Huxley
outlined in his novel, the brave new
world where man apparently would
have almost unlimited control over
in very large amounts—that's all
again genetic—and, you know, the
big flowers that you get and seedless
watermelons and so on. But I think
the part that is really interesting is
the fact that we can now understand
certain human diseases that are
genetically controlled and begin to
try and correct these and a simple
example of this is diabetes. We
know that there is a hereditary component in diabetes—and we can
feed the patient insulin and correct
it, and now there's a disease called
phenylketonuria which results in
extreme mental retardation and
again by putting them on special
diets you can partly, at least, correct
this disease.
COCKING: Well, I understand that
that the amount of information that
this takes—in other words, how
much information in a blueprint do
you need to build a human being—
is of the order of 10,000 volumes of
the complete works of Shakespeare.
That's how much information it
takes. That's all contained in an
amount of protoplasm that is so tiny
that if you took all of the sperm that
gave rise to all of the human beings
in the world today and lumped it
together, it would be about the size
of a match head. And contained in
that is this fantastic amount of information. Now the question that
initially interests the geneticist is
how is that information stored. The
really exciting development within
molecular biology  in the  last   10
changing human nature?
SUZUKI: I'd say in many respects
we're there. In the sense of some of
the more far-out aspects of Huxley's
novel I think we're within a decade
of that.
COCKING: There are some interesting things we are doing now
with our new knowledge of genetics
to help improve the lot of mankind.
How are we doing in this area?
SUZUKI: Well, I think that there are
a number of ways that the application is already being realized. One
is, of course, in plants, and in animals in the pure breeding aspect
and this is helping mankind in fantastic ways. You can also use genetics to increase your yield of penicillin or to recover animals that
produce a special kind of antibiotic
scientists are now exploring certain
techniques for genetically altering
the human cell, and I wonder if you
could perhaps outline these techniques and their implications for the
SUZUKI: Well, first of all, let me
explain what a gene is. Now you
know that the material you inherit
from your mother and father is contained solely in an egg and in a
sperm, this is the total genetic biological legacy that you receive. Contained in this amount of material,
and it's really infinitesimally small,
is all the information that specifies
your height, your intelligence, your
nose size, whether you grow hair on
your knuckles and so on. All of this
is contained in a sperm and an egg.
Now, they estimate fairly accurately
years is that they have decoded that.
And what they find is that it's a
message and it's written like a
tickertape in a linear way and there
are four symbols or letters in the
alphabet and these 4 letters or symbols are strung together on a very
long tickertape and they're read just
like a language, but in this particular dictionary or language the words
are all three symbols long. Now if
you have 4 symbols or 4 letters in
the alphabet and all of your words
are 3 letters long it turns out that
there are 64 possible words. By
stringing those 64 words together
you can spell out all of this information. Now once you understand that,
the basis of the language, you can
begin to ask, what exactly does each
word spell? And again this is what geneticists have done in the last five
years, they've actually deciphered
every single word in the dictionary,
they know exactly what every three
letter word spells out. Once you
know that, then you can begin to
say, 'can we now make sentences
by stringing these symbols together
chemically?' We'll start off with
these four letters and simply chemically put them together and make
long sentences. This is what geneticists are in the process of doing, and
the prediction is that by Christmas
of this year it will be done for one
COCKING: These words you mention, would they correspond to the
characteristics of a person?
SUZUKI: No, the sentence is what is
termed as a characteristic, so one
has got a mis-spelling in it somewhere, and the cell reads the sentence and does something wrong.
Well if we're going to correct this,
we can either give the person insulin
so that we bypass the incorrect
sentence, or we can make a proper
sentence and stick it into that person and now the person will be able
to read the right sentence. This is
the hope then that you can make
the sentence spelling out how to
make normal insulin, and then perhaps package it in virus and get the
virus to carry it in for you, the virus
being non-harmful and then the person will be in a sense cured. This
doesn't mean that his offspring will
not be defective, it just means that
he himself is cured, but his language
is still fouled up.
genetic part of it is going to be the
era of psychology.
COCKING: Intriguing prospects
have been raised in the media from
time to time of our knowledge of
genetics being used to change, to
improve the nature of man. What is
your view of the possibilities?
SUZUKI: Well; I think that I should
say at the outset, that I think if you
want to select for any given characteristic that within three generations,
within 100 years, you could make
fantastic changes in man. Just by
applying simple animal breeding
techniques, what we have already
learned by breeding horses and cows
and plants, we could change man in
100 years so that he would be
totally unrecognizable by today's
standards. Now by that I don't mean
sentence spells out black hair,
another sentence will spell out blue
eyes, another average height and so
on. And the sum total of all of
these sentences is of the order of
anywhere between five and 10 million sentences, that's how many
sentences there are. By Christmas
they'll have done one very tiny
sentence. The average sentence is to
the order of 5 to 6 hundred words
and they're going to make one that
has maybe 60 or 70 words, no not
even that, it's going to be tinier than
that. But the point is, if this can be
done, and I'm sure it will be done,
then you can say, alright, someone
who has diabetes has a sentence
that's written improperly, and that's
why he is defective. The sentence
COCKING: Is anything being done
along this line to help cure cases of
mental illness or mental retardation
which have genetic components?
SUZUKI: Again a case in point is
phenylketonuria, the genetics of
which is very well worked out and
.it's very simple. I think that the
great majority of mental diseases
are probably a combination of a
number of environmental factors,
plus a very complicated combination of genetic characteristics, and
there I think the corrections will be
very difficult genetically and what's
going to happen is that the psychiatry, this aspect of behavioural control, will become far more important. I really think that the next 30
years   after   we   get   through   the
that he is going to have 6 eyes and
4 hands and this sort of thing, but
psychologically and physically he
would just be incredibly different
from what exists today. The question is whether that's what you want
to do.
COCKING: Well, H. J. Muller, in
fact, is strongly advocating that we
do this and do it through a process
of artificial insemination.
SUZUKI: That's right, and he wants
to have specified donors for regenerating new people in the population. Now I think that the greatest
danger is indicated by what H. J.
Muller himself said, now he's a
great man, a Nobel prize winner
and so on. But in the 1930's he
made the statement, "what greater
Photos/Brian Kent '7,5 it going to be Bennett, is it going to be Trudeau, is it going to be
Johnson who are going to define what we're going to look like?"
hope could a parent have than to
know that his child carried the
genetic endowment of a Marx, a
Lenin or a Stalin". He was totally
involved with Communism at the
time. In the 1960's he made exactly
the same statement except by then
he said "what could be greater than
to have a child with the genetic
endowment of a Schweitzer or an
Einstein". So in 30 years, Muller's
standards of what constituted the
highest form had changed from that
to that, and if man is so fickle in the
kind of criteria that he has, it seems
to me that he may select for something that would be very deadly in
another 100 years. We can't anticipate the conditions of society, of
culture, and what may seem to us
today to be very ideal may in 30 to
but that we try to be as happy as
we can. It's the individual happiness
now and the happiness of our
children that's important and I think
that it may be a mistake to say
we're going to breed a better man.
And then there's the whole philosophical hangup. Okay, let's suppose
that we decide that we're going to
try to change man for the good,
what do you select for? Now Hitler
tried it in 1940, he said you had to
be a blonde, blue-eyed, Aryan. And
it could just as easily be someone
who says you should have yellow
skin and slant eyes. Who's going to
make the decisions, is it going to be
Bennett, is it going to be Trudeau,
is it going to be Johnson, who are
going to define what we're going to
look  like?  This  course  is  fraught
on society to have shortsighted people or diabetics. But it turns out that
if you prevented all of these people
from breeding who have genetic
defects, if you decided by some
kind of tribunal that we shouldn't
have diabetics or that we shouldn't
have so and so, in order to reduce
the incidence by a half of that bad
gene it would take between 40 and
50 generations of selection. Now
that's over 1,000 years and in that
time society is going to have
changed so much that these kind of
problems are going to be really
rinky-dink, and changing that incidence by a half means that instead
of 2 in 10,000 it will be 1 in 10,000
diabetics, so you know, it's really
trivial all of this tremendous worry
about the bad things that are going
40 years be completely meaningless
or deleterious.
COCKING: Muller, of course, argues that people are going to eventually recognize this selective breeding, or parential selection, as beneficial and so it's inevitable, it's
coming anyhow.
SUZUKI: There are some real problems here. First of all, the question
is, "What is the ultimate aim of
mankind?" A lot of biologists have
been carried away with the idea that
somehow evolution is taking us to
some greater end, that man is going
to be a greater entity. Now there are
a number of others, myself included,
who feel that what is important is
not the direction we're going, that's
determined by fickle facts of nature,
with fantastic dangers, there are
other problems which are far more
COCKING: Don't some scientists
argue that through this genetic surgery you mentioned earlier we will
ultimately begin to change man by
tinkering with the various faults that
we now find in genetic structures?
SUZUKI: Yes, this is an argument
that has been used for a number of
years, that is, that medicine and now
genetic surgery, are allowing people
to live who, a 100 years ago would
have died because they just weren't
fit enough. In terms of the diabetics,
diabetics meet diabetics in clinics,
get married and they have diabetic
children, and the question is, is this
weakening to the human race? I
don't feel that it is a great burden
to happen.
COCKING: You would also reject,
I suppose, Muller's view that we
need a different, better kind of man
today because of the complexity of
the world's problems and the way to
achieve this is through genetics.
SUZUKI: I am very concerned that
man, biologically, is not equipped to
handle the fantastic changes that
science and technology are creating
in our society. You know I just
think it's an explosive situation—
we can't handle all of the problems.
I'm not convinced that we have any
idea how to select man so that he
can cope with them any better. You
can select man, I'm sure, to increase
his I.Q., you can select man to increase his age, we know you can "What's slim, elegant, and goes to a lot of parties?"
"True ... but this travels flat in a suitcase."
"That lets me out, I guess!"
"So, what are we talking about?"
"Carrington, of course ... why don't you pour me one?"
At home or on the go, Carrington comes into more and more
conversations. Start something. Talk a little Carrington.
This advertisement is nof published or displayed by the Liquor Control Board or by the Government of British Columbia. increase the life span of many by 20
years in one generation if you had a
selective breeding program. But is
that any guarantee that if he's
brighter or if he lives longer, that
he'll be any happier or any better
fit to cope with the conditions. I'm
not convinced of that. And that's
where I think the fallacy lies in his
COCKING: How should our increasing knowledge of genetics be
applied—I mean should we scrap
ideas like Muller's and try something else?
SUZUKI: I think that the important
aspect of Muller's proposals was
that he tried to show the very ideo-
syncratic nature of our desire to
have children carrying our special
gene, I mean this is absurd. And I
keep the public as informed as possible about what is going on in his
area, what the possible ramifications
of his work are. And for that reason
I find when people at Hadassah,
B'nai B'rith, United, Unitarian
churches ask for lectures, I feel
obligated morally to go and give
lectures because this is something I
have committed myself to. But
above that, I don't believe that
scientists have any more responsibility than you or any other human
being. We can only make a statement as another person in this
society. We should carry no more
weight simply because we are
COCKING: It seems to me that
scientists in the past—thinking perhaps in terms of the development of
certainly feel that if couples recognize that they have a very bad genetic disease in the family that has
created a lot of misery, mongolism
or Huntington's chorea, where you
go insane in your middle 40's or
50's, that it would be far better to
prevent this kind of thing happening
by adopting a child. The clinging to
the concept of having one's own
blood I think is absurd today. I
think we should continue to try to
correct genetic diseases by genetic
surgery, I think we should try genetic counselling so that people don't
have albinos if they have a chance
of it. I mean an albino can be a
functional person but I'm sure it
would be much happier for everyone if they didn't have them. I am
the atomic bomb and so on—have
been a little negligent in speaking
out on where their developments
were leading?
SUZUKI: To a certain extent I think
that's very true. I don't think that
scientists have been remiss in protesting in very large numbers, they
have been remiss in not informing
the public, but there is a very large
body of scientists who protested or
pleaded with the government not to
drop the atomic bomb, as you know.
Over the Vietnam issue there are
tremendous numbers of scientists
who have protested this as a group.
There was a recent symposium
planned at Fort Dietrich which, as
you know, is developing a lot of
chemical and germ warfare. It was
terrified at the idea of trying to
impose any kind of genetic control
at a national level, because you
open a Pandora's box for all sorts
of abuse and I am very pessimistic
about man's ability to prevent abuse,
we've seen it over and over again
with the atomic bomb and so on.
So while I think it's exciting from
the standpoint of correcting disease
and perhaps preventing it, let's not
try to use it at this time to control
or to correct man's evolution.
COCKING: If there are these fearful prospects what should be the
role of scientists in this thing?
SUZUKI: Well, this has been a long
hard thought out dilemma with me.
My own conclusion is, that the
scientist makes a commitment by
virtue  of  becoming  a scientist  to
supposed to be in basic science but
this was not only boycotted but
members who had accepted it withdrew because they realized that we
were aiding and abetting war. So I
think scientists recognize that perhaps with atomic weapons they were
remiss. But they are certainly making up for it now, they are protesting
in a very vocal way.
COCKING: How important do you
regard this question of genetics in
our future?
SUZUKI: I guess the thing that concerns me most about the future is
its potential abuse. One problem
that I wanted to mention earlier is
that if we look at this set of instructions that I talked about coming
from the mother and father, that in
essence is a book. It's a book of "// you took a skin cell and were able to culture it properly, it should
be able to start right at the beginning of the book and make an identical
twin of me."
blueprints that say this is how to
build a human being, and we'll start
at chapter one and as you go
through the chapters we'll read
them and we'll find out how to
make muscles, how to make bones,
how to make nerves and so on.
Every single cell in the body gets
a copy of that book an identical
copy of that book. We have of the
order of 3 trillion cells in our body
and every single one of them carries
the same set of instructions. Certain
cells read only certain chapters, so
cells that are to become muscles
only read the chapter that says this
is how to become a muscle—they
don't read anything else. Now that
observation has fantastic implications, because it says that if you cut
properly it should be able to start
at Genesis, right at the beginning of
the book, and it should make an
identical twin of me, and again
that's been done, it's been done
with frogs, it's been done with
plants. Now the potential for that
Huxley predicted in Brave New
World—the alphas, the betas, and
the gammas. Of course I'm terrified
of this because all you have to do is
get someone in a great position of
power who says I want to have an
invincible army, and I find that
there are certain types, because of
their genetics, who don't fear death
and don't have any capacity for
sympathy or pathos. So I'm going to
make thousands of identical twins of
this guy,  and man, they won't be
SUZUKI: I think that the public
should be made aware of the potential use and abuse of genetics.
I think the public should be very
wary of any attempt at legislation
on the part of politicians or any
group and I think we're guilty of
again already a big mistake and
that is in the Eugenics Act which
exists in British Columbia and
exists in a number of provinces
in Canada. The Eugenics Act in
British Columbia, which I think was
passed in the 1930's, has as its
basis a genetic rationale, and that
is that people in mental institutions
may have a genetically inherited
disease and that such people should
not be allowed to reproduce. This
law then permits a board to decide
off my arm here normally those
cells can only form a stump at the
end. But if you could somehow
treat those cells so they could read
backwards in the book and go back
to the right chapter that says this is
how to start making a new arm,
they'll do that, and in fact it has
already been done. So we have the
fantastic potential for regrowing
new limbs or new organs if we want.
And that would eliminate all the
problems of the immune response in
transplants because you could just
take a skin cell and turn it on to
read the right chapters, how to
make a heart, so that it divides in
tissue culture and then you can get a
new heart and stick it in. But at the
same time it says that if you took a
skin cell and were able to culture it
afraid to die, they won't fear killing
anybody—they'll be unbeatable. Or
for that matter, a guy could say,
well hell, people who think are too
much of a pain in the ass, I'm prime
minister, I want to stay in power,
let's have a population of people
who just don't think, very placid
and happy, so brew up thousands
of these. It may seem far out, but I
think it's possible.
COCKING: I take it this regrowing
of limbs you just mentioned has
not yet been done with humans?
SUZUKI: No. It's been done with
frogs and with plants.
COCKING: In view of the fact that
things are moving so fast in this
area, how should the public react to
these developments—what should
we be doing?
on sterilization of people in institutions. Now I gather in B.C., maybe
of the order of a dozen or so are
sterilized every year under this act.
In Alberta, on the other hand, I
gather that hundreds every year are
sterilized. Now aside from the fact
that I feel that this is a very great
danger and something society has
never really debated, is the right to
reproduce something that we feel
should be abrogated like this? We
know virtually nothing about the
exact hereditary nature of mental
disease. The board that decides
whether this person is to be sterilized, does not have a single geneticist on it. And these people are
using a genetic rationale to decide
on sterilization, and I find that
frightening. D Distinguished British jurist Lord Denning addresses 1948 law class and guests.
Lord Denning's
Formula for Justice
charles dickens hit on something
close to an eternal truth when he
wrote, "the law is an ass." Since that
time—it was 1838—many legal
inequities have been eliminated, so
progress has been made. But unfortunately this age of proliferating
bureaucracy daily creates new inequities, sometimes raising the law
to new heights of asininity. This is a
continuing problem with law—reconciling the needs of the state with
those of the individual citizen—and
one whose importance the distinguished British jurist Lord Denning
underlined during his appearance at
UBC late this spring.
Lord Denning, Baron of Whitchurch, was invited to UBC on the
occasion of the 20th anniversary
meeting of UBC's first graduating
class in law. The reunion recalled
the difficulties faced by members of
the class of '48, many of whom
returned from war service in 1945
to begin law studies. It turned out
to be an instant law school. The
decision to begin UBC's law faculty
was taken only days before the men
arrived; there were no law books
and lectures were held in a practice
theatre in Brock Hall because there
were no adequate classrooms. The
men had to daily commute downtown to use the courthouse law
library. About 200 members of the
legal profession were on hand to
hear Lord Denning, including 42 of
the class of '48.
Although best known for heading
the inquiry into the Profumo sex-
and-security scandal, Lord Denning,
who is Master of the Rolls, revealed
in his address why he is also known
as a dedicated legal reformer. In an
eloquent, and sometimes witty, ad
dress, he spoke not just of law, but
of justice in the modern state. Lord
Denning ranged from such philosophical considerations as the relation
between sin and crime and the definition of justice to recent legal
reforms in Britain. He described the
easing of laws on divorce and homosexuality, the workings of the legal
aid system and the decision to
abandon the rule of jury unanimity
in favor of simple majority (10 to
2) verdicts. But running through
his address was the conviction that
the law must continually be reformed in the light of new circumstances. And the judiciary must
play a big part in this process.
"Judges," Lord Denning emphasized, "are there to make the law,
not to just interpret the law." That
is Lord Denning's formula for
keeping the law from being an ass.D FOR COLOUR BROCHURE AND ORDER FORM,
New Brunswick
UNICEF Committee
P.O. Box 72,
Saint John, N.B.
UNICEF Committee
1832Sherbrooke st. W.
Montreal 25, Quebec
Phone: 937-4646
UNICEF Committee
737 Church St.
Toronto 5, Ont.
Phone: 923-1868
UNICEF Committee
511 Osborne St. South,
Winnipeg 13, Man."
UNICEF Committee
3603 61st Ave. S.W.
Calgary 10, Alta.
British Columbia
UNICEF Committee
615 Homer Street,
Vancouver 3, B.C.
Phone: 683-3031
UNICEF Committee
St. Joseph Building,
103 - 1606 10th Avenue
Regina, Sask.
help us
to help
Millions of
little children
depend on
UNICEF depends
on you . . .
When you use UNICEF
Christmas cards, you
personally contribute to
helping hungry and
underprivileged children
in 117 different countries
around the world to
realize a better and
brighter world.
Christmas cards!
The cards with the real
Christmas spirit.
kt   «.
ii The Woodward Library Treasures
IF    SOMEONE    WERE    TO    ASK    you
where they should go to study first
editions of the world's great pioneering works in medicine and science,
you wouldn't normally think of
UBC, would you? You would certainly name the Wellcome Library
in London. Probably also Paris and
Padua. And Yale and Harvard . . .
maybe you would even mention
UCLA. But UBC? Not likely.
Yet if you didn't mention your
alma mater you would be missing a
bet, because UBC just happens to be
a more than respectable centre for
material in the history of medicine
and science. The university has a
collection of about 10,000 rare
books in this field. They are all
elegantly housed in the Charles
Woodward Memorial Room of the
Woodward Biomedical Library—
which is due for a $2 million addition this fall courtesy of the Woodward Foundation. Many are unique
in one way or another and at least
one is so rare it's believed the British Museum doesn't have a copy.
There are, for example, first editions
of the work of Vesalius and Gilbert,
a Galen parchment manuscript, original letters of Florence Nightingale,
and even a possible Rembrandt
drawing tucked away inside a 17th
century book. These are only some
of the more interesting items in the
collection, which includes works of
most of the medical and scientific
greats from Newton and Darwin to
The collection has never been
valued, but Dr. William C. Gibson,
professor of the history of medicine
One of UBC's most generous benefactors
Dr. P. A. Woodward, LLD'68. died following
a long illness on August 28,1968 in Vancouver.
Dr. Woodward's gifts have been responsible
for the university's rapid growth in the field
of  health   sciences.
and science and chairman of the
Woodward Library committee, says
its value is "in the millions." The
10,000-volume collection—just one-
tenth of the total collection of medical and scientific books housed in
the Woodward Library—was all
purchased for the university through
the help of private money, mainly
through gifts from Mr. and Mrs. P.
A. Woodward and from H. R. MacMillan. Most of the rare books were
obtained in two major purchases,
that of the 3,500-volume collection
of University of California pharmacologist Dr. Chancey Leake in
1964 and the 7,000-volume collection of Oxford physiologist Dr.
Hugh Sinclair two years later.
To tour, as I did recently, the
Charles Woodward Memorial Room
with Dr. dibson is to receive a short
course in the history of medicine
and science. It was a course that
touched not only on the milestones
of medical and scientific progress,
but also on some of the frauds,
conflicts and oddities of the past.
Take the case of Andreas Vesalius
(1514-1564), the father of modern
Vesalius, Dr. Gibson explained,
was a rebel who rose to greatness.
The contempt the young Vesalius
displayed for his anatomy teachers
at Paris could hardly be equalled by
a modern-day student radical. At
one point he wrote: "The lecturers
are perched up in a pulpit like jackdaws, and arrogantly prate about
things they have never tried, but
have committed to memory from
the books of others, or placed in
written form before their eyes. The
dissectors are so ignorant of language  they   are  unable  to  explain
their dissections to the onlookers,
and merely botch what they are
supposed to exhibit in accordance
with the instructions of the physician, who never applies his hand to
the dissection, but contemptuously
steers the ship out of the manual, as
the saying goes. Thus everything is
wrongly taught, days are wasted in
absurd questions, and in the confusion less is offered to the onlooker
than a butcher in his stall could
teach a doctor." No wonder that
after witnessing two incompetent
dissections, Vesalius should jump
into the third one—done on a dog—
and show his fellow students the
true and beautiful "fabric of the
body"—and follow it later with
many more such demonstrations.
The problem was that his teachers
were just parroting the teachings of
Galen, whereas Vesalius had for
some time been dissecting—an unheard of thing then—actual human
bodies, those of dead convicts, and
recording his findings. Reaching into one of the shelves. Dr. Gibson
plucked down first edition of the
book in which Vesalius published
his findings in 1543, a large, amply
illustrated volume entitled, The
Fabric of the Human Body. "This is
the book that started the scientific
revolution because it gave a new
stamp to observation, real scientific
observation," Dr. Gibson said. "It is
the first true report of the structure
of the human body. Before this
anatortiy was just rubbish. They
taught anatomy, but it wasn't human
anatomy—they only went up as far
as the Barbary apes." He added that
the book—the final drawings in
which are believed to have been
done by one of Titian's pupils—is
12 valued at $25,000.
In the same year, another doctor
brought out an equally important
book. It was Copernicus', The
Revolutions oj the Heavenly Bodies
(UBC certainly doesn't have a first
edition of this). Copernicus had
kept his book, with its revolutionary
discovery that the earth revolved
around the sun, secret and only
released it on his deathbed. "This
really rocked things," said Dr. Gibson. "These two physicians really
set the world on fire." With Copernicus, the scientific revolution was
well underway.
Next to be opened for inspection
was a perfect first edition of Dr.
William Gilbert's, On the Magnet,
published in London in 1600. In it,
he elaborated the idea that the earth
is one big magnet, a discovery
quickly picked up and used to put
British navigation ahead of all
others. "It was on his shoulders that
Newton stood when he published his
great work later," commented Dr.
The rarest book in the collection
is a first edition of Laurentius
Valla's, The Elegant Latin Language, published in Venice in 1476.
It deals with purification of the
Latin language and the wilfully
wrong translations that had been
made up to that time. "It did quite a
lot to change history," said Dr. Gibson. "It showed that a lot of supposed    translations    were    utterly
phony." The UBC copy has an interesting history. "It was a gift to
UBC from Sir Charles Sherrington
(a famous- British physiologist)
which he sent home with me in
1938 as a memorial to his boon
companion, Dr. (Frank) Wesbrook," said Dr. Gibson. "Sherrington told me there was no copy like
it in the British Museum."
Moving across the richly-panelled
room. Dr. Gibson flipped open
another volume with a history
behind it. It was The Anatomy oj
the Human Body written by Godfrey Bidloo and published in Amsterdam in 1685. It was another gift
of Sir Charles Sherrington; he sent
it to Dr. Wesbrook in 1915. The
copy was once the property of
Nicholas Hawksmoor, who was the
great English architect Christopher
Wren's domestic clerk. But the story
doesn't end there. Bidloo's book
was plagiarized a few years after it
came out by William Cowper, who
bought the plates from the printer
in Holland, put some English in the
text, had his picture pasted on top
of Bidloo's on the title-page and
brought the book out in England.
Whereupon, Bidloo sued Cowper in
the British courts and, Gibson said,
Dr. W. C. Gibson, professor oj the
history oj medicine and science,
stands beside the bust oj Sir Frederick Banting at the entrance to the
Charles Woodward Memorial Room.
Be Assured of Good Seats
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•$&:-?f "JP
Famous figures in the history of medicine and science look down jrom the Guillonet tapistry in the Woodward
"was awarded a shilling for damages." Such is the progress of science.
The next volume Dr. Gibson's
hand lighted on is probably the most
intriguing in the whole collection. It
is a rare 1641 edition of Medical
Observations by Nicholas Tulp, a
Dutch physician who was the personal doctor to Rembrandt. Bound
into the small book is an original
red chalk drawing of a monkey
which, as Dr. Gibson carefully put
it, "some experts believe is an original Rembrandt sketch." One of the
facts pointing in this direction, he
said is that no other copy of the
book has such a drawing. Other
copies of the book (and UBC has
another copy) show the same drawing made from a copper engraving—
and reversed from the original. The
cross-hatching at the bottom of the
sketch is identical to Rembrandt's
style in other red chalk drawings.
"Rembrandt also had a pet monkey
which he used to put in his pictures
as a sort of a little sign," said Dr.
Gibson. "Some day I'll just have to
go over to Holland and find out
once and for all." Local art dealers
have said that the sketch, if proved
an original, would be very valuable.
Not nearly so valuable, but a
major milestone in medicine nonetheless, was the first edition of Edward Jenner's, An Inquiry into the
Causes and Effects of the Variolae
Vaccinae (smallpox vaccine), which
the UBC also has. Published in
1798—two years after Jenner gave
the vaccine to his first case, an eight-
year-old boy named James Phipps—
this slim, well-illustrated book sold
for about 75 cents softbound. Jenner, Dr. Gibson noted, was another
medical scientist with an interesting
background. For one thing, he was
worshipped by the Five Nations of
North American Indians for his
efforts to stamp out smallpox among
them. Captain Cook tried to induce
Jenner, when still a medical student,
to join him on his second expedition,
but Jenner preferred to remain at
St. George's Hospital, London, with
his great teacher, John Hunter.
Which turned out to be a fortunate
move for medical progress. For
Jenner later gave the first medical
description of pain in the chest
(angina pectoris)—he saw it in his
teacher, John Hunter.
The climax of any visit to the
Charles Woodward Memorial Room
is to see its huge, brightly colored
tapistry which depicts the great
pioneers of medicine and science. It
is 11 feet high by 16 feet wide and
dominates the entire west wall of the
room. The tapistry is actually not
an original, but you would never
know it. It is a "proof" of the original designed by a French artist,
E. O. D. V. Guillonet, for the thesis
room at the Sorbonne, where it now
hangs. The UBC copy is a gift of
P.A. Woodward.
All these rare books are not just
showcase items. They are used and
used well by medical and dental
students and by students in the
sciences, said Dr. Gibson. For one
thing, they are essential to their
studies in the history of medicine
and science. The collection is being
increasingly used for research; a
UBC scholar recently drew heavily
on it for material on the origin of
the 19th century English Poor Law.
"Students are coming from quite a
distance to work here," Dr. Gibson
said. "They're coming in increasing
numbers." And that's what the
library is there for. □ From the Editor's Desk
For many students going to
university is a drag. That's a fact
and it's something about which they
are becoming increasingly vociferous. What makes it a drag, students
say, is boring and incompetent teaching. Looking back, I can recall experiencing something of this feeling
myself during my undergraduate
Professors who are great teachers
—men who value teaching, like students and are capable of creating
intellectual excitement — are rare
birds at UBC. In my university
studies 1 can remember encountering only three professors whom I
would put in this category and they
were indeed great teachers. This isn't
to say that there aren't many good
professors around who do a competent job of teaching. The point is
that the average level of teaching is
much lower than anyone would like.
A reading of the new Artscalendar
(or anti-calendar) reveals how few
professors are generating intellectual
excitement in their students.
'Twas ever thus, you say? Probably a good many alumni recall having professors whom, were they in
charge, would not have lasted beyond a year. You know the type.
The gentleman who consistently
spoke directly at the blackboard, the
one whose voice never rose beyond
a dreary monotone and the fellow
whose lectures were mere summaries
of textbook chapters. (I know of a
case where the wise students never
took notes, they simply underlined
relevant sentences in the textbook).
One year when I was registered in
a certain faculty, three of my six
courses were what I call "non-
courses given by non-professors"—
neither had any substance. And
would you believe that I virtually
boycotted their "lectures", never
cracked a book, never studied for
final exams and still walked away
with second-class marks?
I would suggest that the basic
reason for this deplorable situation
is that undergraduate teaching at
UBC is not as highly valued as it
should be. Generally speaking, the
path to promotion lies through research and publication. Faculty
members are not going to put more
energy into teaching when the rewards lie elsewhere.
What makes the situation worthy
of more concern—and examination
—is that professors are not formally equipped to teach in the first
place. They do not receive any instruction in even such vitally important areas as the psychology of
learning and effective communication before they are thrown into a
classroom. Apparently all that is
needed is a doctorate degree—but
that only shows the man is capable
of good research.
The objection which arises to
confront those who wish to change
this state of affairs is that it is almost impossible to determine fairly
who is a good teacher and who is
not. Impossible to evaluate teaching. Well, the B.C. Teachers' Federation apparently thinks this is not
an insurmountable obstacle and is
devising procedures to do it. They
are even seeking the power to oust
incompetent teachers from the profession.
It is becoming increasingly clear
that a good number of students are
fed up with university being a drag.
They want university education to
be relevant and meaningful and intellectually stimulating. But is the
solution to this problem a matter of
dollars and cents or of the attitude
of the faculty? That is the question.
Clive Cocking
It Behooves Us To Beware The Hunters
"THE COMMON MAN is today the most fiercely hunted of all
God's creatures. He is Big Game. Nobody enjoys hunting lions
in Africa as much as The Man With A Plan does in stalking
his fellow human, the only animal known to cheer on his captor." So wrote a morose student of human affairs a few years
ago, expressing a, perhaps, unduly glum viewpoint. However,
he had a point for the citizen who has no intention of being
softened up to serve as the raw material for somebody else's
New Jerusalem. Such a recalcitrant individual keeps himself
well up on what's cooking, most conveniently through daily
reading of a good newspaper, like the Vancouver Sun, and is
always a jump ahead of the man eaters.
15 y
./ ItsA**
'•"•nit  Xh-.-rt:     tx
^*^*.,„ (•//"'■
,.* .,   s^SP1 A garden of the past: as though of old
It wore the leaves' brocade of bronze and gold.
■ Bashi
A Garden for
All Seasons
Tt takes a summer evening with
■J-the sun setting in a red splash in the
Gulf of Georgia and a sea-cool
breeze blowing off the water to reveal the true spirit of Vancouver.
The spirit is one of unquenchable
zest for life. For it is then that
thoughts of work fade, the pace
slackens and Vancouverites come
out to enjoy their sea-mountain-
and-forest environment. They take
to their cars, but they also take to
their feet. They stroll . . . they stroll
to savor their city and their surroundings.
Throngs of West End dwellers
amble down Robson Street casually
looking in shop windows. Elderly
couples take the night air along the
Stanley Park seawall. Young lovers
saunter along the sand of Spanish
Banks, idly letting the water lap up
over their bare feet. Everywhere
there are people enjoying a walk,
for the city abounds in pleasant
places to stroll. And one of the most
beautiful and tranquil is the Nitobe
Memorial Garden on the University
of B.C. campus.
Designed by one of Japan's leading landscape architects, the late
Professor Kannosuke Mori, the garden is dedicated to the memory of
Dr. Inazo Nitobe, a distinguished
educator and international civil ser-
Stone lantern stands in lasting tribute
to Dr. Inazo Nitobe's contribution to
East-West friendship.
vant, who did much to interpret
Japan to the West and the West to
Japan. Dr. Nitobe died in Victoria
in 1933 on his way home from a
conference in Banff. In recognition
of his efforts to promote closer
understanding between Japan and
Canada, the Japan Society of Vancouver gave a stone lantern to the
university in his memory. It stands,
nestled in trees, just north of the
entrance to the garden.
Thousands of tourists, UBC students and faculty members and
ordinary citizens have wandered
along the garden's meandering paths
since it opened in 1960. Though
most popular in summer, it is in fact
a garden for all seasons. The waning
of the summer splashes of color
detracts little from the charm of the
garden. Japanese gardens rely on
form, not color, for their character.
Observant visitors discover to
their delight that the Nitobe garden
is really a combination of two gardens—a landscape or circulating
garden and a formal garden around
the teahouse. The landscape garden
is built around an artificial lake with
an island and bridges, a man-made
mountain and waterfall to simulate
nature in miniature. The special
delight of this garden is the way the
scene changes as the visitor strolls
around the lake . . . the sunshine
filtering through the leaves, the trees
reflected in the water.
17 Through scarlet maple-leaves, the western rays
Have set the finches' flitting wings ablaze.
— Shiko
The tea garden is primarily an
abstract design of rocks, in harmony
of shape and proportion, their edges
softened with moss. Stepping stones
and paving lead the visitor around
the teahouse for a glimpse of the
tea-room itself, authentic down to
the last detail.
In keeping with the character of
Dr. Nitobe, the shrubs and trees in
the garden are a meeting of east and
west, being a mixture of Japanese
and Canadian. Together they provide a pleasing variety of shapes and
textures. Some native firs, hemlocks
and red cedars were left in their
original position when the garden
was built and these were supplemented by other natives, vine
maples, salal, Labrador tea, red
huckleberry and Oregon grape. The
Japanese plants used include various
kinds of azaleas, Pieris japonica,
cherries and maples.
A unique, centuries-old art form,
the Japanese.garden has no counterpart to it in the western world. Some
of the early gardens had a religious
atmosphere, especially those designed by Buddhist priests for their
temples. Others, constructed for the
Imperial Family and for members of
the aristocracy, were designed more
to encourage philosophical contemplation. The Nitobe garden particularly retains some of the latter
quality. The ever-changing vistas of
water and rocks, trees and shrubbery, bridges and lanterns create a
mood of inner restfulness. It is a
mood visitors find inescapable as
they wander down the gravel paths,
pause and listen to the waterfall,
watch the changing reflections in the
water or the fish swimming through
the waterlilies . . . the sort of thing
that all would-be Thoreaus find
Photos/ John Breukelman
18 ^v.^* v
The footbridge, when I walked alone
In winter moonlight, had a wooden tone.
The old green pond is silent;
here the hop
Of a frog plumbs the evening
stillness: plop!
— Basho Turkey's Battle of the Birth Rate
over the dusty field in an uncertain path in search of the next
village. The seats are hard and the
doctor and midwife sometimes
knock their heads on the roof. It has
been a long day for them 'and the
village, the third and last stop today,
lies somewhere ahead. Exactly
where is uncertain because it is not
on the map and there is no road
leading to it. Fortunately the driver
has an intuitive sense of direction
and, after what seems an agonizingly
long time, they are driving into it
through a straggling group of farmers and their wives returning on
donkeys, carts and by foot from a
day's work in the fields.
In a swirl of dust, the jeep pulls
up in front of the most attractive hut
in the village—the home of the
muhtar (mayor). As the midwife
peers out the rear window of the
jeep, a throng of curious women and
children gather around, eyeing the
Dr. Friesen was UBC director of extension from 1953 to 1966. He then
joined the Population Council and
is at present adviser on population
planning to the Turkish Government.
strange vehicle. The muhtar bounds
out of the hut and greets the doctor
and midwife with a hearty "hos
geldiniz" (welcome) and, with usual
warm Turkish hospitality, ushers
them into his living room. A government mobile birth control team has
arrived in the village.
Seated on the cushioned, carpeted
floor the muhtar tells the doctor and
midwife, over glasses of tea and a
cigarette, of the visit the day before
of the mobile education team. The
nurse had met with the women and
the educator had met with the men
in the coffeehouse. Today the muhtar has arranged for a classroom in
the local school where the medical
team can receive women interested
in adopting a contraceptive method.
The muhtar takes them to the
school where 15 women are waiting.
The driver takes a portable examining table out of the jeep and the
muhtar and his young son help the
doctor and midwife carry in the
supplies, including a packet of intrauterine devices and cycles of oral
While this is underway, the doctor inquires about the local population. It is nearly 400. He estimates
that the village has about 60 women
of child-bearing age and expresses
surprise that such a relatively large
proportion—25 percent—are waiting for consultation. Usually the
turnout is smaller in remote villages.
The midwife has been chatting with
the waiting women and has discovered most have families of five or
more children. The record-holder
for the village is a mother of 14
births, of which 10 are living. Later
she confides to having had three
induced abortions. The midwife is
not surprised that the women know
very little about any form of abortion. Eleven of the 15 are illiterate
and their average family income is
only $700 a year. The average age
is 25, although from their faces they
appear much older.
Two hours later the doctor and
midwife emerge from the steaming
hot school-room. It has been a good
meeting. The score for this village is
seven intrauterine devices (IUDs)
and two pill acceptors. Of the remaining six women, one is pregnant,
another is ill, two are still hesitant
to adopt a method and two others
have decided against the trial. All
the women are given cards indicating the nearest rural health center
for check-ups. ' -*nlf&>t
Apprehensive and curious villagers greet the medical team arriving in a
remote area of Anatolia.
So ends a typical day for the
mobile medical team in the villages
of Anatolia. The following week
may see the team at work in a rural
health center or in the family planning clinic of a city hospital. Theirs
is the task of ameliorating the
plight of women who realize they
have more children than they can
rear—and who with their husbands
toil in their fields with scant hope of
improving the lot of their large
For the Government of Turkey
and its Population Planning Directorate, the encouraging fact is that
the women respond in such numbers to adoption of family planning.
Here as in other developing countries the situation demands the provision and transport of medical staff,
equipment and educational materials, the training of professional and
volunteer staff, and an efficient
administration so that not only the
favored urban mothers, with hospitals and centers near at hand, but
the relatively larger families in
isolated regions can benefit from
urgently needed services. As experience has now shown, given the
national will and accessible facilities
and follow-up services, family planning in a developing country can be
successfully implemented.
A day's ride on a mobile clinic
should convince anyone why a developing country like Turkey is
keenly concerned about its rapidly
growing population. As advisors to
the Ministry of Health, my colleague
Dr. Lewis Anderson and I are
closely involved in Turkey's population planning program. Obvious as
the need is, it takes considerable
political courage for a nation to
embark on such an enterprise. Financing it is only part of the task.
From the outset, a political and
cultural climate must be created
favoring family planning. One finds
little opposition to it among adherents of the Moslem faith, but
conviction and adoption are delicate
matters that only the individual can
Since 1965, Turkey has gradually
increased its population planning
budget to the present 5 cents per
capita annually. This is a modest
"investment" compared with other
public expenditures. What does such
a budget provide? Let us pay a visit
to   the   directorate.   Its   director-
general, a successful gynecoloj
directs an extensive program i
work. He endeavors, whene
possible, to involve other gove
ment agencies in family plann
activities. The first office he takes
to houses the bio-medical staff. Tl
assist with the training of doctc
nurses, midwives, aides and rela
personnel. To date more than 6,C
have participated in this traini
The central staff physicians a
spend many weeks each year
rural mobile teams and in evaluat:
this activity.
Over in another section of 1
directorate we meet the educati
or communications staff. They pi
duce materials used in general pi
lie information, literature for speci
audiences, and teaching manu;
and engage in direct training. '\
are proudly shown one of th
popular productions, an attracti
calendar portraying a happy, healt
Turkish family of four. The calend
can be seen hanging in practica'
every village in the country. Rui
literacy, especially among wome
is not high, hence radio is a promi
ing medium in this and other fiel
of adult education. The director h ind that the inclusion of family
nning content in a popular radio
ial is one of the best ways to get
: message to the people. He has
ently produced a village centered
n that should prove a success
:h rural and urban audiences. I
ind viewers reacted emotionally
the depicted tragedy of induced
ortion, an extreme measure to
lich annually, several hundred
jusand mothers in this country
:e recourse.
The demographic section con-
■ns itself with tabulating and
Dorting on detailed data received
>m the acceptor cards filled in by
rses and doctors in the clinics.
ie chief demographer and statisti-
in co-operate with the census
/ision and with a local university
their research, an invaluable ser-
:e to the ministry's present and
ojected program. Last summer
o Turkish demographers and two
ucators continued their studies at
e University of Chicago.
In another division we visit the
onomic and program planning and
Iministration. A hopeful sign in
is country is the recent increase in
ain production. Thanks to the new
mi-dwarf variety of wheat, Turkey
ay again become a wheat exporter.
ther charts are more sobering,
jrkey's population is now about
35 million and growing at the rate
of 2.6 per cent each year. Should
this percentage increase to three per
cent and continue at that rate over
the next 90 years, her population
will approximate that of present-day
India, that is, a half a billion. The
economist tells us that the high
population growth rates will seriously check any gains in capital
Turkey's aim is to lower the birth
rate to two per cent over the next
five years. That would still be nearly
twice the Canadian and three times
the European growth rate however,
with higher incomes and literacy the
birth rate would continue to decrease. To reach the 1973 target,
230,000 women annually will need
to become steady adopters of family
planning. The wall charts in the
director's office indicate that over
100,000 women are now IUD acceptors, perhaps an equal number
use the pill, and an unknown number use some form of traditional
The problem, of course, is to ascertain how many women actually
continue regularly in family planning. To get this story we go to the
large Ankara Maternity Hospital. It
conducts a post-partum program
supported by the Population Council,  and a day clinic for mothers.
Turkey's figures are rather similar to
those in other developing countries—about 75 per cent of IUDs
are still in use at the end of the first
year, and perhaps 50 per cent after
two years. Among pill users, most
drop-outs occur in the first few
months, after which some two out
of three acceptors carry on regularly. The drop-outs continue and
after two years probably 50 per cent
of the original group will still be on
the pill. The hospital gynecologist
tells us that everything depends on
the education given the women. In
the post-partum program, the women before and after delivery receive birth control information according to a well planned schedule.
The hospital intercom pipes music
and announcements to all wards;
the staff also uses leaflets, posters
and films in informing expectant and
new mothers on contraceptive services available to them. A good
number return to the hospital after
six weeks to accept a contraceptive
method, usually the IUD.
Last year the Turkish program
was given a boost with the opening
of Hacettepe University's Institute of
Population Studies. Aided by a substantial grant from the Ford
Foundation, the Institute offers a
graduate program to demographers,
educators and administrators. Its
program is field-oriented and gradu-
quatting on the floor,a member of the education team talks to a group of village women about contraceptive devices.
./ *^
#" After a talk on birth control in a coffee house, Dr. Friesen thanks the
men for coming.
ates spend considerable time on
rural and urban.population projects.
At present, the staff is conducting
an extensive national survey to
gauge the knowledge, attitude and
practices in family planning.
These are some of the ways in
which one developing country has
begun to tackle its population problem. Resources are always limited
and assistance has been slow in
forthcoming. Only lately has the
United Nations begun to make cautious moves in the direction of
population planning. It is ironical
that, despite repeated pleas from
Secretary-General U Thant, the UN
has not had the necessary support
of the countries who could help,
countries where the population
problem is virtually solved.
Several developed countries, however, have moved in with tangible
assistance, though it constitutes only
a small part of the financial effort
which Turkey herself must make.
The biggest source of aid to Turkey
(and other countries) comes from
the U.S. government through its
Agency for International Development, (AID). On a long-term basis
AID is providing Turkey with a fleet
of over 1,000 vehicles for use in
health and family planning. It is a
vital program of help, for without
transport, progress would be abysmally slow. AID also supports training programs conducted in Turkey
and the U.S., provides equipment for
audio-visual and printed communication, and assists the government
with incentive payments to medical
and auxiliary personnel for program
In addition, the Swedish govern
ment makes substantial grants to
Turkey and other countries to purchase contraceptives, educational
materials and equipment. The International Planned Parenthood Association provides aid annually to the
local Family Planning Associations
in Turkey. The Population Council
is very active in Turkey assisting
with fellowships, training, the provision of contraceptives, medical
equipment and other supplies. The
Council, a private foundation, was
the first agency invited to Turkey to
conduct a national study which
helped to launch the government's
family planning program in 1965.
Of special significance is the Council's research program at Rockefeller University in New York, one
of the major centers for study in
human reproduction.
But where does Canada stand on
the population explosion? How do
we react to the projected world
population of seven billion by the
year 2,000? International aid experts and many national leaders are
shouting their conviction that the
population problem is the top
priority in international development. Among the political voices
that of Canada is conspicuously
absent. A small group of conscientious leaders has spoken out; a
handful of professional people are
working with international agencies.
Yet our foreign aid program inches
slowly forward to total a bare one
per cent of the gross national product. The blunt fact is that there is
no evidence of Canada's intention
to help solve the world's population
problem. Our indifference puts us
strangely out of tune with reality.
of the
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October 20/21:
November 3/4:
Exchange Concert by the
ORCHESTRA, conducted by
Milton Katims. Works by
Wagner, Colgrass, Ravel and
November 17/18:
December 1/2:
December 15/16:
January 12/13:
January 26/27:
February 9/10:
February 23/24:
March 9/10:
March 23/24:
12-Concert Series $18.00, $22.50,
$27.50, $35.00, $45.00 now obtainable
630 Hamilton Street,
23 What Ever
Happened to the
Community Colleges?
today is just one big, shaking,
quivering mass of discontent. Everywhere you look sparks are flying. In
the universities, confrontations are
commonplace as students press administrations with demands for university democratization and academic reform. Students in high schools
are showing signs of rebellion
against restrictive rules. In B.C. we
have even recently witnessed the
spectacle of newly-militant teachers
threatening to strike to end large
classes. School board officials are
increasingly protesting education
finance arrangements. And now the
community colleges look like they
will be the next area of controversy.
The murmurings of unrest being
heard now will likely increase as the
new colleges opening this month
grow in size.
There was a time when the community college scene looked very
rosy indeed. A lot of enthusiasm for
colleges was generated back in the
late 50s when word filtered up to
B.C. of the California experience
(which now has 81 colleges). And
things began to move. Vancouver
City College, it seemed, grew up
overnight out of a night school program into a full-fledged two-year
college in 1965. Admittedly, it had
to use (and still does) the creaky
old King Edward Centre and the
cramped Vancouver Art School and
Vancouver Vocational Institute. But
it was going and it was Canada's
first comprehensive college.
Then, voila! Selkirk College suddenly arose a year later, initially in a
construction camp and later in a
spanking new $3.5 million campus
overlooking the Columbia River at
Castlegar. Like its sister college in
Vancouver, Selkirk was comprehensive, offering two-year programs in
university level arts and science,
technological and business as well as
general education programs. It was
geared to serve the needs of the
West Kootenays, offering special
programs in forest technology and
Russian (for the Doukhobor community). It operated on the "open-
door" concept, meaning admission
requirements were flexible for those
24 wishing to upgrade their education.
Shortly after that the rosy glow
disappeared from the college picture. It happened in December,
1966 when Okanagan Valley ratepayers rejected a referendum to
start a college in that area. Latterly,
it looked like the project would be
approved, but the opposition proved
too much. "The whole thing was a
comedy of errors," recalls one
expert close to the problem. "One
of the college council's major errors
was in leasing Indian land for
$10,000 a year on a 99-year lease
when they could have bought land
for $300,000" This was widely
attacked. In fact, Penticton dropped
out of the scheme early in disagreement over the financing and the site
selection. 100 acres on the west
side of Okanagan Lake opposite
Kelowna. Controversy over financing and regional rivalry over location of the college were the key
factors in the defeat of the proposal.
It didn't help matters when word
got around that a $35,000 p.r. campaign had been mounted to boost
the college. Vernon college opponents used it to fan the fires of
parochialism with bumper stickers
saying: Don't Let City Slickers
Spend Your Money.
Since December, 1966 the story
of regional colleges in B.C. has increasingly been one of concern.
There has been concern over the
equity of cost-sharing arrangements
and concern over whether the concept of the regional college is being
diluted under financial pressure.
And there has been concern that
B.C. is not moving fast enough in
developing colleges. One of those
who shares this latter concern particularly is University of B.C. geographer professor Dr. John Chapman, a contributor to the Macdonald Report. He notes that there
is a considerable gap between the
report's recommendations and what
has been implemented in the way of
colleges. "With great gusto we got
Simon Fraser University, Victoria
College was quickly turned into a
university, and we got Vancouver
City College and Selkirk and since
then there's been a lot of feet dragging," Dr. Chapman says. While
this is a common feeling among
people involved in the college movement, it is not unanimously held.
The college movement, of course,
has nor dragged to a complete halt;
there has been forward movement.
Here is the way the picture looks to
Vancouver City College. Opened:
September, 1965; Present enrolment 3,800; Present quarters: old
high school, cramped vocational institute and arts school; Permanent
quarters: anticipate $5.5 million
complex on old Langara golf course
to open 1970.
Selkirk College. Opened: September, 1966; Location: Castlegar;
Present enrolment: 950 expected;
Starting quarters: construction
camp, four months; Permanent
quarters: $3.5 million campus occupied January, 1967.
Capilano College. Opened: September, 1968; Location: North Vancouver; Present enrolment: 700 applications; Starting quarters: secon-
Vancouver City College plans to move to new, permanent campus in 1970. Sketch is by Ron Howard, BArch'57,
project architect. Library forms core of Selkirk College complex, the only B.C. college to have a permanent campus
dary school; Permanent quarters:
expected 1970.
Okanagan Regional College.
Opened: September, 1968; Locations: Kelowna, Vernon, Salmon
Arm; Present enrolment: 450 inquiries; Starting quarters: two secondary schools, vocational school
and army camp; Permanent quarters: uncertain.
Vancouver Island Regional College. Opening: September, 1969;
Location: within 10 mile radius of
point six miles north of Nanaimo;
Expected enrolment: 600; Permanent quarters: uncertain.
Prince George Regional College.
Opening: September, 1969; Location: Prince George; Expected enrolment: 300; Starting quarters:
secondary school; Permanent quarters: expected 1971.
Western Fraser Valley region.
Plebiscite: hope to present in December; Opening: September, 1969,
if plebiscite passed; Enrolment:
1,200 expected; Starting quarters:
three secondary schools; Permanent
quarters: 1971.
Eastern Fraser Valley region. No
hope before 1970.
If one is interested in equality of
educational opportunity, it is important to consider whether regional
colleges are being developed quickly
enough in B.C. Each year thousands
of young people graduate from B.C.
high schools and are suddenly faced
with the question of what to do
next. The quickest answer usually is
that they can go to university, but
only about 30 per cent are interested. This September about
7,000 have taken that step. Or they
can go to B.C. Institute of Technology (about 1,500 will take this
step), but BCIT takes essentially
the same sort of person who could
qualify for university. This leaves
the vast majority of young people
with a choice of two fully operational colleges, two newly-born institutions operating small programs
in temporary quarters and the wide
world of work. Is this adequate for
the modern day?
People like Dr. Bert Wales, director of the Vancouver City College,
don't think so. "We're making much
too slow progress," he says. The
result, the experts believe, is not
only that there is not enough educational opportunity available for
young people (or mature people
seeking upgrading programs), but
that the new ventures underway in
temporary quarters are diluting the
community college concept. Operating late afternoons and evenings,
both Capilano and Okanagan colleges will offer the first two years of
university academic programs, two
technological programs leading to
transfer to BCIT. Capilano will also
offer four technical-vocational courses. Ideally, a college should offer
educational services to as many segments of the community as possible
and for as many hours of the day
as possible.
Criticism of the new ventures, to
the experts, is not mere academic
quibbling over an educational concept. Instead they see a major
modern innovation in education—a
concept which both increases educational opportunity and flexibility
of training—as in danger of being
lost in B.C. before it is fully established. "People are, whether they
Know it or not," says UBC education
professor Dr. Leonard Marsh, "accepting a second-hand, if not third-
hand, substitute for the regional
college and the Okanagan is the
best example, the North Shore being
another example." Frank Beinder,
president of the B.C. School Trustees Association and one of the
initiators of Selkirk College, takes
even a harder line. "In my view this
discredits the whole regional college
movement," he says. "Nobody is
going to pay very much attention to
an establishment that is running in
that fashion. Our experience in Selkirk suggests that one of the major
problems is in providing the surrounding facilities which will attract
the kind of faculty which will give
your college recognition in univer-
26 sity circles. And I say it is totally
impossible for this to happen in a
half-baked situation."
Not everyone in the field, however, accepts this view. Dr. Rowland Grant, principal of Okanagan
Regional College, believes it is more
sensible in some respects to develop
the college more slowly. He admits,
of course, that construction of a
building for his college has been
forestalled in any case. But the real
question in many parts of B.C., he
argues, is that how can a community
college serve its community when
the "community is spread over an
area the size of Belgium?" The
answer may be one central campus,
or several campuses, or it may be
mobile facilities. But the answer has
not yet been found and it will take
considerable exploration to do so.
"We're going to take a modern
architectural view and say that form
follows function," says Dr. Grant.
"We'll see what our function is and
then we'll provide the form." Another observer of the college picture
is confident this is the only way to
move. "The history of the community college in the U.S. demonstrates time and time again that
you've got to start small," he says.
"That way the college sells itself."
Those who believe the pace of
progress in college development is
too slow place the blame largely
on the provincial government. The
government is at fault, the argument
goes, because it has not approved
requests to build permanent campuses for the new colleges. In the
second place, the formula for sharing costs of the colleges between the
provincial government and the local
areas doesn't encourage local enthusiasm for a college. (Sharing,
under the formula, works out
roughly 50-50). "I think it's been
adequately shown that the finance
sharing formula is unacceptable to
local communities," says Beinder.
"It demands too much of the local
tax rolls." Beinder says the trustees
association has recommended to the
government a new sharing formula
of 75 per cent provincial and 25
percent local, but no action has
been taken.
Dr. John Dennison, UBC assistant professor of education, goes even
further. "The financing, which is the
bone of contention, should be entirely provincial," he says. At the
same time, he argues that B.C.
should follow the lead of Washing
ton and divide the province into
about 13 regions based on population and set up a system of colleges,
fully financed out of provincial
funds. (Washington has 21 colleges
in 22 districts serving 74,000 students). Dr. Dennison suggests that
the system be governed by a provincial college board, but that individual districts administer their colleges according to regional needs.
The system would avoid duplication and enable students to take
desired courses at any college in the
By restricting college development so far to areas of greatest need,
the government has laid down the
groundwork of a rough system.
There's no doubt, however, that a
more regularized system of colleges
will have to be developed and the
financing improved if this form of
post-secondary education is to offer
proper educational services. But for
the short term the most important
question remains whether colleges
are being developed fast enough to
meet the needs and aspirations of
the people of B.C. The answer to
that question can only come from
the people. n
At Home
on the Campus
UBC-trained bacteriologists staff the
Dairyland laboratory; UBC's Faculty of
Agriculture has worked in close cooperation with Dairyland for many years.
Dairyland is proud of this long and
happy association with the University oj
British Columbia.
A Division of the Fraser Valley
Milk Producers' Association.
Talk to
Canada's largest
trust company
Planning your Estate
©Royal Trust
626 West Pender Street
Vancouver, B.C.
Telephone 685-8411
27 Alumni News
Mao Tse-Tung
For Arts Dean?
University of B.C. alumni have
been invited to participate in the
selection of a new dean of arts. The
invitation was made by Dr. M. W.
Steinberg, professor of English and
chairman of the faculty committee
charged with recommending a replacement for Dr. Dennis Healy, the
former dean. Dr. Healy left UBC to
become vice-president of York University and economics professor Dr.
John Young is presently serving as
acting dean. Dr. Steinberg said the
committee wants to canvass as wide
a body of opinion as possible and
would accordingly appreciate
receiving nominations from UBC
graduates. The main qualities nominees should have are familiarity
with universities and administrative
experience. Nominations can be sent
to the secretary, Dr. W. E. Willmott,
department   of   anthropology   and
sociology, University of B.C., Vancouver 8, B.C. The committee
hopes to make its recommendation
to the university president by the
end of December.
New Student
Centre Opens
You couldn't really call $1,250,-
000 a drop in the bucket could you?
It represents the contribution of the
classes of '59 to '68 for the construction of that monument to student financial power—the new student union building. If you'd like
to see how many floor tiles and door
handles your tithe bought why not
plan to attend some of the opening
celebrations? The Homecoming
dance will be held in conjunction
with the opening events on October
26 starting at 8 p.m. in the SUB
ballroom. Further details and reservations are available through the
alumni office, 228-3313.
We Want to Know
Where You're At
We're rapidly getting to know
where you're at. For about 2,000
alumni, it wasn't where we had
thought. But we've got their addresses pegged now, thanks to the
questionnaire we sent out early this
summer. The questionnaire, which
sought information as to occupations and addresses of our graduates, aimed at providing increased
accuracy in our recordkeeping and
mailing. So far, the response to the
questionnaire has been very good.
Of the 35,000 questionnaires mailed
to known alumni, 11,000 have been
completed and returned. That's
where we discovered 2,000 wrong
addresses. Which shows why the
operation is necessary. So if your
questionnaire is still lying around,
blow the dust off it and shoot it in
to your alumni office.
For That Very Special
International menus now
available to highlight your
individual theme
Regency Caterers
1626 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
28 Spotlight
Pretty campaign workers congratulate Liberal Len Marchand, BSA'59,
on his victory in the Cariboo in the June Federal election.  Photo /Neii MacDonald
Canada's quadrennial circus—better
known as our general election—accompanied by all the things that make a
circus fun . . . excitement, colour, the
promise of great feats of daring, valour
and decision, and many paying customers ... let everyone do their own
thing on June 25. The results have UBC
well represented in both the House and
the   Cabinet.
New portfolios in the cabinet have
been given to: Stanley Ronald Basford,
BA'55, LLB'56 (Vancouver Centre), minister of consumer and corporate affairs;
Jack Davis, BASc'39, BA, BSc(Oxford),
PhD(McGill), (Capilano), minister of
fisheries and forestry; Arthur Laing, BSA
'25, (Vancouver South), minister of public works; and John N. Turner, BA'49,
BCL, MA(Oxford), (Ottawa-Carleton),
minister of justice.
The first native Indian ever elected to
Canada's House of Commons also turns
out to be a UBC grad. He is 34-year-old
Leonard S. Marchand, BSA'59, MSA
(Idaho), a Liberal elected to the new
riding of Kamloops-Cariboo. A member
of the Okanagan Indian band, Marchand
worked at a range station and experimental farm before becoming special
assistant in 1965 to John Nicholson, then
minister of immigration and citizenship.
A year later he moved to the department
of Indian Affairs and Northern Development and last year became special assistant to the minister, Arthur Laing. Other
Liberals elected at the same time were
David A. Anderson, LLB'62, (Esquimalt-
Saanich);  Ray Perrault, BA'47. (Burnaby-
Seymour); and W. Douglas Stewart,
BCom'62, LLB'63, (Okanagan-Kootenay).
Facing them on the other side of the
House will be Mark W. Rose, BSA'47,
(Fraser Valley West) of the New Demo-
cratic Party.	
Mr. and Mrs. Lester McLennan, BA
'22, (Cora Metz, BA'22), are travelling
these days. Recently they visited Dr. and
Mrs. A. H. (Bert) Imlah, BA'22. Dr.
Imlah will soon be retiring as professor
of history at Tufts University. The next
stop on the McLennan's trip took them to
Toronto and a visit with Dr. and Mrs.
James Dauphinee, BA'22. Dr. Dauphinee
is still active at the medical school of the
University of Toronto, chiefly with the
Banting Institute. . . A new home on the
Sechelt Peninsula is the retirement pro-
jest of Selwyn A. Miller, BA'23, MA'36,
PhD(U of T) and his wife. Mr. Miller
retired recently from a 44-year career
with the Vancouver School Board. He
began teaching in 1926 at Britannia High
School, later becoming vice-principal at
John Oliver. Since 1961 he served as director of research and special services for
the school board.
Kenneth P. Caple, BSA'25, MSA'27,
has retired as director of the CBC's
British Columbia operation which he
headed since 1947. Mr. Caple was one of
the pioneers in programming for schools.
The system he established in B.C. was
later  used  as  a model  for  the  rest  of
Canada. Among his many community
activities have been membership on the
UBC Board of Governors and Senate,
directorships in the Vancouver Festival
Society and Vancouver Symphony Society and serving as president of the
Vancouver Canadian Club for several
years. . . . Dr. Joyce Hallamore, BA'25,
MA'26, PhD(Munich) retired on June 30
as head of UBC's German department.
She joined the faculty as an instructor in
1928 and was named head of the department in 1948. Under Dr. Hallamore's
direction the department developed its
senior and graduate courses, adding a
PhD program and expanding the faculty
to teach more than 1,100 students.
Joyce Hallamore,
BA '25, MA '26
A vear of travelling is ahead for Earle
Birney, BA'26, MA, PhD(U of T). As
Regent's Professor he recently gave a
series of lectures on modern British and
Canadian poetry at the University of
California's Irvine campus. He is currently lecturing in Australia and New
Zealand. . . . Nearly everyone in the
Taylor family is in a new home today.
Dr. and Mrs. T. M. C. Taylor, BA'26,
MSc(Wiscon.), PhD(U of T) have retired to their new home outside Victoria.
Dr. Taylor was formerly head of the
biology and botany department at UBC.
Their son Charles P. S. Taylor, BA'52,
MA(Oxford), PhD(U of Penn.) is now in
London, Ont. where he is on the faculty
of the University of Western Ontario. A
daughter and son-in-law. Dr. and Mrs.
Job Kuijt, BA'54, MA, PhD(Berkeley),
(Jean D. Taylor, BA'54) are going to
Lethbridge, where Dr. Kuijt will be teaching at the University of Lethbridge. ... A
forecast for many sunny days has been
made by Allin W. Jackson, BA'28, now
that he has retired. For 27 years he had
been with the department of transport as
a forecaster. In 1952 he was transferred
to Vancouver as supervising forecaster
with a later appointment as special
meterologist for the B.C. forest industry. . . . B.C.'s chief hydrographer is retiring. Robert Bruce Young, BASc'29,
who has been with the Canadian Hydro-
graphic Service since he graduated, has
been head of the Pacific region since
Thomas F. Had win, BASc'30, manager of the equipment and maintenance
department in Vancouver is retiring after
33 years with the B.C. Hydro Authority
29 and its predecessor, the B.C. Electric
Company. He has held positions in various departments including a period as
district manager in the Bridge River area
and superintendent of substations in the
lower mainland. ... A recent visitor to
the Alumni Office was George H. G.
Paul, BA'30, MA'31, PhD(U of Okla.).
He is professor of history at Oral Ro-
erts University in Tulsa, Oklahoma. . . .
A revised and updated second edition of
Price Theory and Its Uses by Donald
Stevenson Watson, BA'30, PhD(U of
Calif.) has been released. The book is
being used by a number of Canadian
universities. Dr. Watson teaches at
George Washington University, Washington, D.C. and has been a consultant to
both government and industry.
W. T. (Tom) Brown, BA'32, MA(Ox-
ford) has been appointed to a four-year
term on the Vancouver Police Commission. A Rhodes scholar, Mr. Brown is
president of the investment firm of Odium, Brown, & T. B. Read Ltd. ... Dr.
John A. R. Wilson, BA'32, MA'39, is a
contributor to a recently published book
of original essays—Teaching for Creative Endeavor. In his essay, co-authored
with Mildred C. Robeck from the University of Oregon, he deals with creativity in very young children. . . . An
originator of family group therapy, Dr.
John E. Bell, BA'33, MA, DEd(Colum-
bia), has been appointed as director of
the Mental Research Institute in Palo
Alto, Calif. Dr. Bell has extensive academic experience as a professor at Clark
University and as a visiting professor at
several universities including UBC. . . .
Louis T. Rader
BASc '33
Dr. Louis T. Rader, BASc'33, has been
elected a trustee of EDUCOM, the inter-
university communications council. The
council provides a basis for the exchange
of information by universities and colleges in the U.S. and Canada to utilize
the advances in the communication sciences. Dr. Rader is vice-president and
general manager of the industrial pro-
ess control division of General Electric. . . . David B. Turner, BSA'33, BA'36,
MA'44 PhD(Cornell), B.C.'s deputy minister of recreation and conservation,
has been on extended sick leave and will
not be returning to his office before his
retirement date in October. He joined
the B.C. government in 1946 and was
appointed director of conservation in the
department of lands and forests in 1949.
He was appointed deputy minister when
the  department  of  recreation  and  con
servation was established in 1957. A
well-known soccer player in his youth, he
is a charter member of the B.C. Hall of
Fame. In 1961 he was named Canada's
outstanding soccer player of the half
century. . . . Christopher I. Taylor, BA
'34, BEd'47, formerly district superintendent of schools for Burnaby has been
appointed superintendent of education for
field services with the B.C. department
of education. He has extensive experience in B.C. schools as teacher, inspector,
and  district superintendent.
John M. Mortimer, BASc'35, BA'38.
chief metallurgical engineer, associated
companies, Falconbridge Nickel Mines
Ltd. is the author of a paper in the Canadian Mining and Metallurgical Bulletin. . . . Ralph E. Cudmore, BSA'37,
general manager of the tractor and equipment division of Ford of Canada has
recently been elected president of the
Canadian Council of 4-H Clubs. He has
been a director of 4-H since 1947 and has
been very active in the club's work. . . .
For the next few years England will be
home for Gerald H. Gwyn, MASc'38.
Formerly manager of Alcan's Kitimat
operation, he will be the managing director of the company's project for a
smelter and power project near Blyth,
England. At Kitimat the new manager is
John Stewart MacKenzie, BASc'42, who
was formerly assistant manager at Alcan's Arvida smelter. ... In Victoria,
Australia Beatrice K. Guyett, BA'39,
principal of Korowa Church of England
School for Girls, is retiring at the end of
next year after being head of the school
for over 20 years. . . . President of the
class of '39, Dr. John A. McLaren, BA
'39, has recently been named vice-president of health services at the General
Hospital, Evanston, Illinois.
Mrs. A. D. Beirnes, (Virginia Galloway. BA'40, LLB'49, has been elected
president of United Community Services
in Vancouver. She will also serve as
chairman of the board of the 60-mem-
ber agency. Mrs. Beirnes has recently
received a Brotherhood Award for her
years of work in promoting better understanding between all people. . . . Harold
F. Dixon, BA'41, formerly director of
field sales with Monsanto Canada has
now been appointed director of marketing. . . . Also with Monsanto, Stanley
L. Harris, BASc'41, has been appointed
director of the company's newly-formed
business management department. Mr.
Harris was previously director of marketing. . . . Many rounds of golf on the
Saltspring Island course is the retirement
plan of Roy King, BA'41 and his wife,
Aileen. Mr. King was originally at UBC
in the class of '27, returning to finish his
degree in 1941. A well-known soccer
player, he taught school in North and
West Vancouver for 42 years. . . . Robert
W. Bonner, Q.C, BA'42, LLB'48, formerly  attorney  general  of  B.C.  is  now
Out of this door walk
the best dressed men
in Vancouver
~J~or anu occasion
photo studio
Including Artistic Professional
Developing and Finishing
Phone 926-2814
Eugen Renner, Proprietor
1449 Marine Dr., West Vancouver, B.C.
30 with McMillan Bloedel as senior vice-
president, administration and has recently been elected to the board of
directors of the company. . . . Dr. Edward J. Chambers, BCom'45, BA'46, MA
'47, has been named dean of business
administration at the University of Alberta.
Alfred H. Glencsk,
Com '45, BA '52,
MEd '64
. . . North Vancouver's new community college, Capilano College, opens
in September with Alfred H. Glenesk,
BCom'45, BA'52, MEd'64 as principal.
He has been vice-principal of the first
B.C junior college—Vancouver City College—since it opened three years ago. . . .
Robert Waldie, BA'45, BSF'46 is now
personnel and industrial relations supervisor, northern operations for the Bulk-
ley Valley Pulp & Timber Ltd.
Ernest Richard Ball, BA'47, BEd'48, a
principal and teacher for the past 25
years in the Richmond district, has been
appointed director of secondary instruction for the Richmond school district	
New president of the University of Calgary is Alfred W. R. Carrothers, BA'47,
LLB'48, LLM(Harvard). A labour law
expert and former law lecturer at UBC,
Mr. Carrothers recently headed a federal
commission studying the question of
political independence for the Northwest
Territories. His previous position was
dean of law at the University of Western
Alfred W. R.
BA '47, LLB '48
Ontario. . . . Robin M. Farr, BA'47, has
been appointed editor-in-chief of Ryerson Pcess. Mr. Farr has had considerable
experience with Canadian publishing
houses and was founding director of the
McGill University Press. ... A new
company, Documentary Films Inc. has
been established in Toronto and New
York by Douglas S. Leiterman, BA'47.
He has spent the last two years in the
U.S. with the CBS television network.
Prior to this he was executive producer
for the CBC-TV program, This Hour
Has Seven Days. . . . Following his return from a year in Rome, Edward R.
Larsen, BA'48, MA(Oxford) is now
headmaster of Appleby College in Oakville, Ont. He is a past president of the
Canadian Headmasters Association. . . .
The Kingdom Carver, a new book by
Ernest G. Perrault, BA'48 has received
considerable praise from the critics and
has been on the best seller list for
several weeks. Set in the British Columbia of 50 years ago it tells of the rise of
a young woodsman to become one of the
lumber barons of the province. . . . John
Anderson, LLB'49 general counsel and
secretary of Pacific Petroleum has recently been elected to the board of the
company. . . . June was a busy month
for Dr. Douglas C. Basil, BCom'49, BA
'50, PhDfNorth western), as he conducted
a special management development seminar in Caracas, Venezuela, and was
chairman of the Management, Men and
Organizations seminar at the Management Centre/Europe in Brussels. Later
this year he will address the Young
Presidents' Organization in Bermuda on
'Organizations of the Future'. . . . Recent
provincial by-elections have sent two
grads to Victoria. In North Vancouver-
Capilano, a past president of the Alumni
Association, David L. Brousson, BASc'49
and Allen L. Cox, LLB'50 were elected.
Both are members of the Liberal
Party. . . . Changes in the provincial
cabinet have made Leslie R. Peterson,
Q.C, LLB'49, formerly minister of education and minister of labour, the new
attorney general of British Columbia. . . .
Director of UBC's extension department,
Gordon R. Selman, BA'49, MA'63, has
been elected president of two of Canada's
major adult education organizations—
The Canadian Association for Adult
Education and the Canadian Association
of Departments of Extension and Summer School. . . . (Neville C. Tompkins,
BA'49 is now manager of manpower
development for the paper operation of
the Continental Can Company. He has
been with the company since graduation
and has held several positions, the most
recent being supervisor of employee relations for the division. . . . Donald M.
Weafherill, BSA'49, has been appointed
North Okanagan manager for the Niagara
Chemical Company. Mr. Weatherill has
been associated with the fruit and vegetable industry in the Okanagan for several years as both fieldman and production Manager for Bulman products of
Vernon. ... A month in Sarawak, North
Borneo, was on the summer itinerary for
Joseph A. Young, BCom'49, MEd'61,
principal of the Campbell River Senior
Secondary School. His trip is a part of
Project Overseas, sponsored by the Canadian Teachers' Federation to help with
curriculum development in foreign countries. Mr. Young was the first Canadian
educator to be sent abroad by the
Colombo Plan.
Robert C.  Boyes,  BASc'50,  has been
A. E. Ames & Co.
A. E. Ames & Co.
Government of Canada Bonds
Toronto Stock Exchange
Provincial and Municipal
Montreal Stock Exchange
Bonds and Debentures
Canadian Stock Exchange
Corporation Securities
Vancouver Stock Exchange
E. Ames & Co.
8t Stock Exchange-
- Chicago
usiness Established 1889
Offices in principal Canadian Cities, iVeic York,
1 „ __	
London, Paris and Lausanne
31 appointed traffic director for the City of
Vancouver. He has been with the engineering department since 1954 and was
most recently in charge of transportation
engineering. . . . Ralph W. Diamond,
BCom'50, is now sales manager in the
main office of Rutherford McRae Ltd.
in Vancouver. Before moving to Vancouver in 1964 he served on the executive of the Okanagan Mainline Real
Estate Board. ... At the June meeting of
the Royal Architectural Institute, Ray L.
Toby, BArch'50 was admitted to the
institute's college of fellows. He was one
of nine Canadian architects to be
Griffin V. Lloyd, BA'51, has established a geological consulting practice in
Calgary. Formerly exploration manager
for Canadian Homestead Oils Ltd., he
will be engaged in all phases of petroleum exploration management. . . .
George C. Shaw, BASc'51, has been
appointed manager of the Atlantic region of Stevenson & Kellogg Ltd. He
was previously senior consultant in the
Halifax office of the managment consulting firm. . . . The manager of the
main office of the new Bank of British
Columbia is Gordon T. Steenson, BA'51.
He has been in banking for the past 17
years in many parts of the province. . . .
Eric E. Campbell, BA'52, has recently
been appointed vice-president, sales, with
Prentice-Hall publishers in Toronto.
Eric E. Campbell,
BA '52
Norman R. Dusting, BSF'52, has been
appointed executive vice-president of the
Council of the Forest Industries of B.C.
He had been associated with the B.C.
forest industry since 1954. His professional activities have included chairmanship of the Vancouver section of the
Canadian Institute of Forestry. . . . First
director of the federal Youth Services
Centre is Donald R. McComb, BA'52,
BSW'53, MSW'55. For the past six years
he has been executive director of the
Boys' Clubs of Vancouver and was previously with the YMCA and Alexander
Neighbourhood House. The Ottawa centre will be a clearing house for ideas and
programs on all aspects of juvenile delinquency—on both control and prevention.
Jerome. Mr. Donaldson has had considerable experience in mining exploration in New Brunswick and Saskatchewan
and for the past five years has been
associated with Richardson Securities in
Vancouver. The new firm will specialize
in mining financing as well as general
brokerage. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Geoffrey
Farmer, BA'53, MA(U of Alta), (Mabel
Parker, BA'59) are now living in Mone-
aque, Jamaica. Geoff is on the staff of
the Moneaque Teachers Training College. . . . UBC was represented by Jack
F. M. Lintott, BASc'53, MBA(West.
Ont.), PhD(U of Mich.) at the inauguration of Dr. Charles J. Hitch as president
of the University of California in May.
Dr. Lintott is an associate professor of
management at the University of Southern California. . . . Richard I. Nelson,
BASc'53, MBA(Harvard), is the youngest
man to be elected president of the Fisheries Council of Canada in its history.
Mr. Nelson is president of Nelson Bros.
Fisheries and is a member of the Fisheries Price Support Board. . . . Michael
M. Ryan, BCom'53, has recently been
elected chairman of the Pacific district of
the Investment Dealers Association of
Canada. A past president of the Vancouver Society of Investment Analysts, he is
president of Ryan Investments Ltd.
David A. Guthrie, BASc'54, MASc'55,
is now senior project engineer with
Hooker Chemical Corporation. He joined
Hooker in 1954 and was most recently a
project engineer in Niagara Falls. . . .
Robert J. Rohloff, BA'54, has recently
moved to Los Angeles where he is exploration manager, northwestern area,
for the Mobil Oil Company.
Douglas Jung,
BASc '55
Douglas Jung, BASc'55, is now leader
of a systems engineering group on space
communications activities for RCA Victor.   Some  of  his  other  recent  projects
have been as wideband communications
systems engineer of the NASA "relay"
satellite and as project engineer for the
experimental earth station at Mill Vil-
age. . . . Robin D. M. Mathews, BA'55,
MA(Ohio) has joined the faculty of
Carleton University as an assistant professor of English. He previously held the
same position at the University of Alberta. The author of three books of
poetry: The Plink Savoir; This Time,
This Place; and Plus ca change, he has
also done freelance radio and televison
work in Edmonton and Vancouver.
John D. Drew, BCom'56, MA(Stan-
ford) has been appointed as executive
secretary to the B.C. Mediation Commission. For the past two years he was with
the Pacific region of Canada Manpower
and Immigration as a labour consultant.
Prior to this he was research director
for the B.C. Federation of Labour. . . .
John A. Hansuld, BSc(McMaster), MSc
'56, PhD(McGill) is now regional manager of eastern exploration for Amax
Exploration. He has been active in geo-
chemical engineering for 15 years, working in many parts of North and South
America. . . . Plans for the establishment
of a school of social work at McMaster
University are proceeding to a September
opening under the leadership of Harry L.
Penny, BA'56, BSW'56, MSW'57, professor and director of social work education.
The four year course is a combination of
the present BA and BSW degrees and
will operate under the Faculty of Arts
and Science. . . . Vienna is the destination of J. Maldwyn T. Thomas, BCom
'56, where he will be attached to the
Canadian Embassy as a commercial
counsellor. Prior to this appointment he
was in Ottawa as chief of the Latin
American trade relations office in the
department of trade and commerce.
After 12 years in Kitimat Bertram N.
Brewer, BSc(London), BEd'57, MEd(U of
Alta) is moving to Sidney, Vancouver
Island, where he will be elementary
supervisor (intermediate) for the school
districts of Saanich and the Gulf Islands. . . . From England comes word
that M. David Hynard, BSA'57, has been
appointed research officer in the U.K.
ministry of housing and local government. . . . The coming ski season also is
the beginning of a new venture for David
A new brokerage firm has been established in Vancouver by Thornton J.
Donaldson,   BASc'53    and   Stanley   E.
Write or Phone
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
Hard Back
Paper Back
"Vancouver's Leading
Business College"
Secretarial    Stenographic
Accounting   Clerk Typist
Day and Night School
Enrol at any time
1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
C.  Miller,  BA'57.  LLB'64.  He   and his
partner. Chuck Clarke, will be operating
the Red Shutter Inn at Rossland, between
Red and Granite Mountains.
B.Comm., B.A., F.LLC.
Insurance Broker
Yorkshire House
900 West Pender St.
Vancouver 1, B.C.  682-7748
You realize
a substantial
saving because
of our direct
from the
centres of
the world.
"Jewellers to all members of the family"
Downtown    •    Brentwood
Park Royal
615  Birrarii St.      Yancoi'vi-.r,  B.C.
For 4,S  years serving the people
of   the   Lower  Mainland
M I   M R K R     0 I-'
GM Master Salesman's Guild
6 8 2- 3 3 3 3
Roy David
BASc '62,
MASc '64
Donald W. Hyndman, BASc'59, PhD
(Berkeley) is now associate professor of
geology at the University of Montana.
His brother, Roy David Hyndman, BASc
'62, MASc'64 has recently received his
doctorate from the Australian National
University. On his return to Canada he
has accepted an appointment as assistant
professor in physics and oceanography at
Dalhousie University. ... A Canada
Council grant of $8,000 will be used by
Dr. Lome John Kavic, BA'59, MA'60,
PhDfAust. Nat. U) to continue research
for his two-volume study of Canada's
relations with the Pacific rim countries.
He will be touring many of these countries during the next year. Formerly with
External Affairs, Dr. Kavic has specialized in international relations and has
taught modern history for the past two
years  at Simon Fraser University.
Keith J. Winter, BA'60, MA*65, has
also received a Canada Council grant of
$4,500 for the coming year. During last
year he was an assistant professor in
English at the University of Washington
where he was concluding his doctoral
studies. . . . This fall George Zebroff,
BEd'60, returns to Canada after a two
year period as a CUSO volunteer in
Thailand. He was attached to the faculty of political science at Thammasat
University in Bangkok.
Rev. John Cameron Reid, BEd'61,
spent the past summer as minister to the
30,000 tourists that visit the northwestern
Ontario, Lake-of-the-Woods area. This is
the third year that such a summer program has been organized by the United
Church. . . . Ernest G. Enns, BSc'61,
PhD'65, is now teaching mathematics at
the University of Queensland, Australia. . . . Hedy E. Reimer, BSN'61, is
studying Spanish in Costa Rica before
moving to Cali, Colombia where she
will be teaching student nurses in the
university hospital. Her trip is being
sponsored by the Mennonite Bretheren
A new Toronto establishment, The
China Shop has been created by B. J.
(Barney) Baker,  BSc'62,  MBA(Harvard)
to help release some of those tensions
that build up in people due to modern
living. He describes it as being very
simple—you pay him a dollar and then
you break china with the three wooden
balls you are given—all in complete
privacy. He attributes his idea to the
Tivoli Gardens in Copenhagen and notes
that he has not yet found a market for
all his broken china. . . . Terence J.
Hirst, BASc'62, MASc'66, PhD(Berkeley)
is now an assistant professor of civil engineering at Lehigh University, Pennsylvania. . . . D. Brian Marson, BA'62, MA
.'64, director of CUSO's Asian department was recently in Vancouver to conduct the orientation program for this
year's volunteers. Mr. and Mrs. Marson
(Wendy Dobson, BSN'63) were CUSO
volunteers in India before Brian returned
to the Ottawa office.
A $7,100 Queen Elizabeth fellowship
has been awarded to Dr. Basil C. Boul-
ton, MD'63. He will be doing further
work in cardiovascular disease in children at the Vancouver General Hospital.
He is currently a resident physician at
the VGH Health Centre for Children. . . .
Lome R. Bolton, BCom'63, has returned
from Singapore and is now a member of
the Faculty of Commerce and Business
Administration at UBC. . . . History has
been made at the Vancouver prosecutor's
office. Wenda J. Deane, BA'63, LLB'66
is the first lady lawyer ever hired by that
office. . . . Naturalist John Bristol Foster,
PhD'63, has been appointed assistant
director of the B.C. provincial museum.
Since 1964 he has been a zoology lec-
turer at the University College, Nairobi.
'65-'6 7
Linda Margaret Falk, BA'65, MA'68
is an instructor in English at Bluffton
College, Ohio. ... A Satterfield fellowship of $5,000 plus the waiving of all
fees has been awarded to Peter L. Gibb,
BA'65. He will begin his doctoral program at Kent University this fall. . . .
The Alumni Association graduate fellowship of $3,000 has been awarded to
John L. Jamieson, BA'65, MA'67. . . .
His first and only movie, is the way
Derek M. Kulai, BA'65, described "The
Day The Fish Came Out". His secret
agent role developed from that of the
'walk-on' part that he was offered as he
strolled down the streets of Delphi,
Greece. He has since returned to Vancouver by way of India and Japan and
is now working in a lumber camp in
Sandspit .... Thomas E. Kiovsky, BA
(Colorado), MSc'65, PhD'67 has joined
the research staff in the petroleum
chemistry department at the Shell Development Company at Emeryville, Calif.
. . . An appointment as third secretary
and vice-consul has taken Gerald R.
Skinner, BA'65, to the Canadian Embassy in Cairo. He was on the staff of
the commission of bilingualism and bi-
culturalism before joining External Affairs in   1966.
Geoffrey L. Chapman, BLS'66 has
joined the Faculty of Education at the
University of Manitoba where he will
be  in  charge  of  the  full  time  training
33 program for school librarians. For the
past two years he has been chief librarian
at the Loyalist Collegiate and Vocational
Institute in Kingston. ... A Canada
Council grant has been made to J.
Maurice D. Hodgson, MA'66, an English teacher at Selkirk College. He will
use the grant to write a biography of
Bert Herridge, for many years the member of parliament for the Kootenay
region. . . . Michael G. Robertson, BASc
'66, has recently joined the staff of the
crime detection laboratory of the RCMP
in Ottawa. . . . Living On Mountain
Slopes—a way of life in B.C.—is the
title of a recently published book by
David N. Spearing, BArch'66. The research and publication of the book has
been supported with a grant of $9,800
from the Central Mortgage and Housing
Ross P. Fraser, MA'67, has been appointed administrative assistant to the
principal of Selkirk College. He will also
be the public information officer and will
have responsibilities in the areas of con-
tinuine and general education.	
mr. and mrs. N. luke, (Marilyn Sydney
Bell, BSN'60), a daughter, Bonnie
Michelle, March 1, 1968 in Vancouver.
dr. and MRS. WAYNE w. steward, (Marg-
ot Slessor, BA'62), a daughter, Megan
Jean.  May 25,   1968  in  Halifax.  N.S.
'62. LLB'63, (Penny O. Stamp, BCom
'62), a son, Roland Duncan, May 30,
1968 in Kimberley, B.C.
MR.   and   MRS.   JOHN   N.   TURNER.   BA'49,
a   son,   May   14,   1968   in   Montreal,
MR.   and   MRS.  GEOFFREY  FARMER,   BA'53,
MA(U of Alta), (Mabel Parker, BA
'59) a daughter, Veronica Anne,
March, 1968 in Kingston, Jamaica.
MR. and mrs. Walter g. lorenz, (Benita
Hawryschuk, BA'60), a daughter,
Veronica Benita, July 21 , 1968 in
dalcourt-horner. Gerald William Guy
Dalcourt to Heather Zeta Horner, BA
'66, June  1,  1968 in West Vancouver.
earle-hall. William Douglass Salsbury
Earle, BCom'65 to Carolyn Margaret
Hall, BEd'68, June 26, 1968 in
horner-shakespeare.   Keith   Horner   to
Jane B. Shakespeare, BA'66, June ""*
in Montreal, Quebec.
jones-hucks. Lloyd H. Jones. BSc'63 to
Frances L. Hucks, BSc'68, May,  1968
in Vancouver.
madden-shakespeare.   John   Christopher
Madden. BA'59, MSc'61 to Sidney M.
^Shakespeare,  BA'61,  June 7,   1968  in
ottenberg-clarke.    Dr.    Simon    Otten-
berg  to  O.  Norah  J.   Clarke,   BA'48,
June 8,  1968  in Seattle, Wash.
skiber-thompson. Alfred Joseph Skiber.
BSc'62.   to    Brenda   Jean   Thompson.
May 18. 1968 in Calgary. Alta.
walker-o'hagan. Robert John Walker to
Mary Elizabeth O'Hagan, BA'62, February 24,   1968  in  Vancouver.
yuill-thompson.   Willard   M.   Yuill   to
Betty Ann Thompson, BCom'57, July
6.  1968 in Vancouver.
Norman A. Robertson, C.C., BA'23,
LLD'45, July 16, 1968 in Ottawa. Distinguished service to Canada was the
hallmark of the career of Norman
Robertson. He has been called 'the exceptional civil servant'—serving Canada
twice as high commissioner in London;
as ambassador to Washington; as Clerk
to the Privy Council and Secretary to the
Cabinet; as special consultant to the
External Affairs Department and as a
member of the Tariffs and Trade commission that negotiated on the Kennedy
round of trade negotiations in Geneva.
Following his retirement from external
affairs he was the founding director of
the school of international affairs at
Carleton University. A Rhodes scholar,
he received several honorary degrees
from Canadian Universities and most
recently was named Companion of the
Order of Canada. He is survived by his
wife, and two daughters.
Lex Lisle McKillop, BA'25, July 1968
in Vancouver. He is survived by his wife,
(Lucy R. Ross, BA'28) and daughter
Mernie (now Mrs. R. J. Mair Jr., BA'60).
Francis C. Boyes, BA'28, MA'31, June
26, 1968 in Vancouver. 'Tat' Boyes'
career in education was spent as teacher,
principal, superintendent and professor.
When the Vancouver Normal School was
incorporated as the College of Education at UBC, Mr. Boyes was appointed
professor and director of student teaching. Following his retirement in 1959 he
was appointed emeritus professor of
education. The author of the historical
and geographical study, British Columbia,
he was recently named 'Man of the Year'
hy tne B.C. Corrections Association for
his work with the John Howaru jocitty
and the B.C. Parole Board. He is survived by his brother, daughter and son.
John D. Godfrey, BA'33, July 1968 in
Vancouver. Mr. Godfrey, a school princi-
al for more than forty years in the
Vancouver elementary schools, was originally a member of the Arts '18 class,
returning to finish his degree in 1933. He
was president of both the Vancouver
Teachers' Association and the Vancouver
Principals' Association. His community
activities included work with the YMCA
and the United Church. He is survived
by his wife, son, daughter, three sisters
and seven grandchildren.
Ian Douglas Boyd, BA'38, June 26,
1968 in Vancouver. Mr. Boyd, who
began teaching school in B.C. in 1924,
had been very active in teachers professional activities. He served on many
committees and was president of the
Canadian Teachers' Federation in 1961
and president of the B.C. Teachers'
Federation in 1956-57. He served on the
board of directors of both the Gordon
Neighbourhood House and the Vancouver Girls' Club Association. He is survived by his wife, daughter, brother and
three grandchildren.
Kenneth A. MacKirdy, BA'47, MA'48,
PhD(U of T), May 8, 1968 in Queensland, Australia. One of Canada's most
respected historians, Dr. MacKirdy was
on a Canada Council-sponsored world
research tour when he died. Since 1949
he had taught at several universities in
Canada, the United States and Australia
and would have been returning to the
University of Waterloo as head of the
history department at the end of his
tour. Dr. MacKirdy was the author of
two recent books as well as many articles
and book reviews. He served on many
university committees and was a member of the board of governors and an
honorary fellow of St. Paul's United
Church College. He is survived by his
wife, two daughters, a son and a brother.
Mrs. Richard Gordon, BA'64 (Rosemary Elizabeth Renney). accidentally
May 11, 1968 in Vancouver. Mrs. Gordon was a social worker with the B.C.
Social Welfare Department, having spent
a year in Prince George before being
transferred to Vancouver two years ago.
She is survived by her husband, Richard
Gordon, BA'68 and her parents, Dr. and
Mrs. Arthur J. Renney, BSA'36.
Douglas Charles Whidden, BEd'68,
July 20, 1968, accidentally near Baker,
Ore. He is survived by his wife, mother
and father.
Wholesalers and Retailers
of Church Goods and Supplies
of Religious Articles
Thomas D. Curley Co. Limited
Serving all Churches in Canada
563 Hamilton Street, Vancouver 3, B.C. Phone 681-4421
34 Sock it to us
We suffered too!!!
Up to the day when the posties walked out your Alumni Fund
donations were pointing to a record year. Now we have a bit of
catching up to do. Our obligations are even greater this year as
there are many areas of student activity that are in dire need of
UBC alumni support.
So sock it to us. Don't put it aside any longer.
Send in your donation now!!!
UBC Alumni Fund, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive, Vancouver 8, B.C.
,crfl^G '68' ,. ete are wanV
TO VJBC tt°MEC° 0ct  25 & *" J2V 50 **
T •     he\d °tt °      c to vou* e^e   ■unmecoiwaS
the iatoous »
^rp detail Pn
For taote a


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