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UBC Alumni Chronicle Mar 31, 1976

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 %w* Manufacturers.
If you think its worth making,
we think its worth marketing.
Got a good product? We can help you sell it.
We'll help give it well-planned exposure in the
marketplace, in Canada and abroad.  Well help you
take it to trade fairs and exhibitions and show it off to
prospective buyers. We'll help you develop market plans
to reach your target audience.
And, well do it for manufacturers
anywhere in B.C.
Like to know more? Call us at 689-8944.
Or write us at:
Department of Economic Development,
Box 10111,
700 West Georgia Street,
Vancouver, British Columbia V7Y 1C6
DEPARTMENT OF
ECONOMIC
DEVELOPMENT
Government of British Columbia
Honourable Don Phillips, Minister Chronicle
VOLUME 30, NO. 1, SPRING 1976
FEATURES
5     UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION BOARD OF
MANAGEMENT ELECTIONS
10  A MATTER OF RESPONSIBILITY
Is Canada Ready for the 200-Mile Limit?
Murray McMillan
14   BAMFIELD
Recycled and More Important than Ever
Jim Banham
16   FOOD FOR THOUGHT
Nicole Strickland
20  GIVING: A UBC TRADITION
Alumni Fund Annual Report 1975
26  A VICE-PRESIDENTIAL PORTFOLIO
28   EXPLORERS IN A LITTLE TRAVELLED
LAND
Geoff Hancock
DEPARTMENTS
31   NEWS
34  SPOTLIGHT
38  COMMENTS
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT
Barbara G. Smith (BJ'72, Carleton)
COVER Annette Breukleman — Additional material
from illustrations by Floy Zittin and Doug Tate.
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media (604) 688-6819)
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, (BA, MEd, Manitoba), (PhD, Chicago),
chair; Kenneth L. Brawner, BA'67, LLB'58; Clive
Cocking, BA'62; Harry Franklin, BA'49; Geoff Hancock,
BFA'73, MFA'75; Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67;
Murray McMillan; George Morfitt, BCom'58; Bel
Nemetz, BA'35; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46, MA'48, (PhD,
Washington).
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of the University of
British Columbia, Vancouver, Canada. BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL
OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251, Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver,
B.C. V6T 1A6. (604-228-3313).SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle
is sent to alt alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions are
available at $3 a year: students $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES: Send
new address with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni
Records, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6.
Return Requested.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No 2067       ItHMI
Member Council for the Advancement and Support of Education
1976
UBC
ALUMNI
ANNUAL
DINNER
Lady
Barbara Ward
Jackson
Guest speaker at the Alumni Annual
Dinner, world renowned economist, Lady
Barbara Ward Jackson, has been
described as "one of the most profound
thinkers of our time." She has devoted
much of her career to the needs of
developing countries and is author of the
widely read The Rich Nations and the
Poor Nations and Spaceship Earth. She
will be discussing...
HUMAN SETTLEMENTS:
CRISIS & OPPORTUNITY
...at the Bayshore Inn, Tuesday, April 20,
6:30 pm in a program co-sponsored by
the UBC Alumni Association and the
President's University Committee on UN
Habitat'76. Tickets are $12.50/person or
$25/couple from the UBC Alumni
Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road,
Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1A6, 228-3313.
Alumni have ticket priority until April 9.
Please send me tickets at $1 2.50 each.
Enclosed is a cheque for $ (payable to the UBC
Alumni Assoc.)
Name ...
Address
Mail to:
  Phone 	
UBC Alumni Association
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver V6T 1A6 (228-331 3)
J
3 It's no
good having
a shingle
have a
With a degree in hand, you're
probably anxious to start your
professional career. But your degree
alone won't pay for the things you
need to get established.
That's where the Royal Bank can
help you. With a loan of up to $50,000
at a reasonable interest rate, we can
help you get started.
And because we believe in your earning
power in the years to come, we can structure
a repayment schedule to fit your needs-even
defer the first payment if it will help you.
To find out more, drop in to your nearest
Royal Bank branch and ask for a copy of our
new brochure entitled "Financial Help for the
Graduating and Practicing Professionals'.'
Or talk to your Royal Bank manager
who would be pleased to give you
advice or information on the
Professional Business Program.
ROYAL BANK
the helpful bank
Eligible professions include: Accounting-
Chartered Accountant-C.A., Architecture-
B. ARCH., Chiropractics-Doctor of
Chiropractics-D.C, Dentistry-D.D.S.,
Engineering-B. ENG., Law-B.C.L, LL.B.,
Medicine-M.D., Optometry-CD., Pharmacy
-B.Sc, PHARM., Veterinary Medicine-D.V.M. Candidates for
Members-at-large, 1976-78
There are 10 to be elected from the following 14
candidates.
Gordon Blankstein
Gordon W. Blankstein. BSc'73.
Alumni Activities: Alma Mater
Society (A.M.S.) rep., 1974-
75. Campus: student senator,
1975-76; UBC aquatic center
fund raising committee. 1974-
76; UBC aquatic center planning and co-ordinating committee, 1973-76; member,
men's athletic committee.
1972-76; president, A.M.S..
1974-75; member, women's
athletic committee. 1973-74;
vice-president, A.M.S..
1972-74; winter sports center
management committee,
1972-74; member of ad hoc
committee to get an aquatic
center at UBC, 1972; Master
Teacher award committee,
1971-72; sports rep.. Faculty of
Agriculture, 1971-72; vice-
president. Faculty of Agriculture, 1970-71; first year president. Faculty of Agriculture,
1969-70. Community: coach,
youth baseball and football.
Occupation: MBA student,
UBC.
Candidate's Statement: I
would like to obtain the active
involvement of young graduates of the university in the
alumni association and to
create interest on the UBC
campus amongst undergraduates in the association before they leave the campus.
Joy Fera
M. Joy Ward Fera,  BRE'72.
Alumni Activities: member-at-
large, 1974-76; member,
branches committee. Campus:
member-at-large, women's
athletic directorate; ski team,
World Student Games, 1972;
Big Block (4); participant.
Canadian Crossroads International, Barbados, 1971. Community: Vancouver committee
for Canadian Crossroads International; Vancouver Rowing Club; member, Professional Recreation Society of
B.C. Occupation; recreational
therapist, George Derby wing,
Shaughnessy Hospital.
Joan Gish
Joan Thompson Gish, BA'58.
Alumni Activities: awards and
scholarships committee,
1975-76; UBC Alumni Fund
Phonathon. 1969-70. Campus:
executive member. World
University Service and National Federation of Canadian
University Students; Panhellenic president, 1957-58; manager, ski team and member,
women's athletic directorate,
1957-58; Varsity Outdoor
Club, 1955-58. Community:
governor, Playhouse Theatre,
1975-77; docent, Vancouver
Museum, 1969-71; Ladies
Guild. Vancouver Opera Assoc, 1965-67. Occupation:
housewife/business.
Continued
.,.       (... .s . ..,... Wayne Guinn
Wayne Fraser Guinn, BA'70,
LLB'73. Alumni Activities
travel committee, 1975-76
branches committee, 1975-76
special events committee,
1974-76; awards and scholarships committee, 1973-75.
Campus: A.M.S. students affairs; law students assoc;
chair, law school graduation
committee; intra-mural sports;
high school conference committee, 1966-69. Community:
member, B.C. Borstal Assoc;
member, Automotive Transport Assoc; B.C. Law Society; B.C. Bar Assoc; Canadian
Bar Assoc; Vancouver Bar
Assoc; member, corporate
and commercial law sections.
Occupation: lawyer, Derpak
White & Co.
Jack Hetherington
J.D.   (Jack)   Hetherington.
BASc'45. Alumni Activities:
class co-chair. Reunion Days;
fund raising. Campus: graduating class president 1945; basketball; debating; literary and
scientific executive. Community: director, Boys' and Girls'
Clubs of Vancouver; board
member. Shaughnessy United
Church; past-president, B.C.
Lumber Wholesale Assoc;
past director. Kiwanis Club;
president, Canadian Forestry
Assoc, of B.C. Occupation:
president, Ralph S. Plant Ltd.,
wholesale forest products.
6
Brenton Kenny
Brenton  D.  Kenny.   LLB'56.
Alumni Activities: resource
person, allocations committee,
1974-; chair, allocations committee, 1973-74; member, allocations committee, 1972-73.
Community: former vice-
president and director, Big
Brothers of B.C.; minor soccer
coach. Occupation: lawyer.
Pat Parker
Patrick E. Parker, BCom'68,
MBA '69. Alumni Activities:
president, commerce alumni
division, 1975-76; member-at-
large, 1974-76; vice-president,
commerce alumni division,
1974-75; member, branches
committee. 1974-75; alumni
chair, commerce faculty
caucus and curriculum committee. Campus: officer. Phi
Gamma Delta; football; vice-
president, UBC Liberals;
commerce student committees. Community: Variety
Club of Western Canada;
YMCA; board of directors,
Keg Restaurants Ltd. Occupation: operations manager,
McDonalds Restaurants of
Western Canada.
George Plant
George E. Plant, BASc'50.
Alumni Activities: co-chair,
reunion days committee, 1975;
chair, Port Alberni alumni
branch, 1972-73. Campus:
president, mechanical engineers; treasurer, graduating
class, 1950; Delta Upsilon
fraternity. Community: Vancouver Rotary Club; vice-
president, Vancouver branch,
Canadian Red Cross; North
Vancouver Minor Hockey Assoc; Assoc, of Professional
Engineers of B.C. Occupation: senior planner. Pulp and
Paper Group, MacMillan
Bloedel Ltd.
John Schuss
John F. Schuss, BASc'66.
Campus: Engineering Undergraduate Society; member,
Brock management committee, A.M.S. Community
member, A.I.M.E.. A.F.S.
associate member, E.I.C.
treasurer, B.C. charter
A.S.M. Occupation: field ser
vices engineer, Union Carbide
Canada Ltd.
Candidate's Statement: I
believe the alumni association
can be a more active force in
relations between the student
body, alumni and the public at
large. This requires a high level
of participation and organization on the part of the association in order to arouse interest
and obtain support from these
groups.
Oscar Sziklai
Oscar Sziklai. (BSF. Sopron,
Hungary), MF'61. PhD'64.
Alumni Activities: member-at-
large, 1974-76; chair. Speakers
Bureau, 1975-76; co-author,
Foresters in Exile, the story of
the Sopron Forestry School
graduates. Campus: member,
campus landscape committee,
1970-73; member, Life Seminars Council, 1971-72. Community: director, Canadian Institute of Forestry, Vancouver
section, 1972-73, chair, 1971-
72, vice-chair and membership
chair, 1969-70, program chair,
1968-69; chair, Alma 106
Group, J unior Forest Wardens
of Canada. 1966-67; B.C. registered forester, news reporter. 1967-68. Occupation: professor of forest genetics, UBC.
Robert Tulk
Robert E. Tulk, BCom'60.
Alumni Activities: chair, commerce homecoming, 1970.
Campus: freshman class president, 1955-56; Bird Calls advertising manager for three
years; member, several council committees; Phi Gamma
Delta fraternity. Community:
teacher, evenings extension
dept., CA. program, eight
years. Occupation: chartered
accountant; general manager,
Artisan Group.
Kenneth Turnbull
Kenneth Walter Turnbull.
BASc'60, MD'67. Campus:
frosh council; E.U.S. representative; member, engineering clubs; medicine open
house; Phi Delta Theta fraternity. Community: Totem
Amateur Radio Club; executive member. B.C. Anaesthesia Society. Occupation:
physician (anaesthesia). Barb Vitols
Barbara    Mitchell    Vitols,
BA'61. Alumni Activities:
Program Director, UBC
Alumni Association, 1966-72.
Occupation: mother.
Robert Wieser
Robert L. Wieser. BA'67.
Community: director. Richmond Chamber of Commerce;
treasurer. Junior Achievement
(Surrey), 1974; board member,
Neighbourhood Services Association (Vancouver), 1971-
73. Occupation: employee,
Sears, nine years; currently
merchandise manager.
Candidate's Statement: Fellow graduates, I believe that
the alumni association has an
important role to play in addition to the collection and administration of money. The association could be a strong
community voice once it determined the direction the
alumni wished to take. Apart
from the annual request for
money and the UBC Chronicle, what contact have you had
with the association? I suggest
that the association solicit
ideas from you on how it can
best serve you. Participation
can only happen if the avenues
of communication are open for
input. With your support, 1
shall work towards this goal.
SEE
BALLOT
PAGE NINE
VOTE
TODAY
Return Ballot
, and
identity
Certificate
Officers 1976-77
The following officers for
1976-77 were elected by
acclamation.
Jim Denholme
President
James L. Denholme. BASc'56.
Alumni Activities: first vice-
president, 1975-76; second
vice-president, 1974-75; chair,
allocations committee; member, alumni fund executive.
Community: chair, Health
Labor Relations Assoc, of
B.C.; director, Columbia
Junior College; past chair.
Sunny Hill Hospital; past president, C.G.A. Assoc, of B.C.;
member, C.G.A. Assoc, of
B.C.; member. Assoc, of Professional Engineers of B.C.;
former vice-chair. Prince
George Regional Hospital
Board; former member. Vancouver Parking Commission.
Occupation: vice-president,
Toh Can Ltd.
Charlotte Warren
Vice-President
Charlotte    L.    V.    Warren.
BCom'58, (PGCE. London,
U.K.). Alumni Activities: Second vice-president. 1975-76;
chair, alumni fund allocations
committee. 1974-75; member,
alumni fund allocations committee, 1972-75; alumni rep.,
women's athletic committee,
1962-72; chair, alumni fund
class agent-faculty program.
1969; chair, 10 year reunion of
1958 commerce class. Campus: member. UBC field hockey and badminton teams,
1953-58; R.C.A.F. (University
Reserve Training Plan), 1953-
57,    (commissioned     1956);
member, A.M.S., 1955-57;
president. Women's Big Block
Club, 1954-55. Community:
chair, TEAM parks policy
committee; member, Vancouver Public Library board;
member, UBC Senate;
member. Canadian Institute of
International Affairs; member,
Vancouver Botanical Gardens
Assoc; member. Save Our
Parklands Assoc; chair,
Canadian Field Hockey
Council. 1972-74; first editor,
women's section. Canadian
Field Hockey News. 1966-72;
promotion chair. Canadian
Women's Field Hockey As
soc. 1966-67; chair, first B.C
inter-school field hockey tournament, 1964. Occupation
group travel advisor. Burke's
World Wide Travel Ltd.
Paul Hazell
Treasurer
Paul   L.    Hazell.    BCom'60
Alumni Activities:   treasurer
1975-76, 1974-75; chair, alumn
fund, 1973-74; University Resources Council. 1973-74;
President's aquatic facility
fund-raising advisory committee; UBC Commerce/
Engineering Fund. Campus:
vice-president, N.F.C.U.S.,
1959-60; Lambda Chi Alpha;
president. Society for Advancement of Management,
1959-60. Community: education committee. Certified
General Accountants of B.C.;
taxation committee, B.C.Yukon Chamber of Mines.
Occupation: certified general
accountant; deputy comptroller, Yorkshire Trust.
Members-at-large
1975-77
Aunna Currie
Aunna M. Leyland Currie.
BEd'60. Alumni Activities:
special programs committee,
1975-76; awards and scholarships committee. 1971-76;
chair, regional scholarship
screening. 1972-75. Campus:
secretary. Education Undergraduate Society; delegate,
Western Canada Future
Teachers' Conference. Community: member, board of directors. North Shore Neighbourhood House. 1974-75;
member. Junior League.
1972-75; member. University
Women's Club; volunteer.
Save The Children Fund;
executive. United Church
Women. 1967-71; volunteer
youth work. Occupation:
homemaker. Mike Hunter
Michael  W.  Hunter,   BA'63,
LLB'67. Alumni Activities:
past chair, Ottawa alumni
branch; member, Chronicle
editorial committee. Campus:
Sherwood Lett scholar, 1966;
member, Ubyssey editorial
board, 1960-65; editor, Ubyssey, 1963-64; committee
member, Student Union Building and Back Mac campaigns.
Occupation: lawyer, Russell
and DuMoulin, Vancouver.
Don MacKay
Donald MacKay, BA'55.
Alumni Activities: Alumni
Fund, deputy chair, 1971-72;
chair, 1972-73. Campus: Varsity Outdoor Club; intramural
sports. Community: Vancouver Board of Trade; community recreation and youth
work. Occupation: western
sales manager, ERCO Industries Ltd.
Helen McCrae
Helen   Dalrymple   McCrae,
(BA, Toronto), MSW'49.
Alumni Activities: degree rep.,
1971-73. Community: member,
Eliz. Fry Society, 1975-76;
Multiple  Sclerosis Society
8
(B.C.); past-president, Vancouver Soroptomist Club;
Canadian Council on Social
Development; Canadian Assoc, of Social Workers, educational advisory committee
(Vancouver Foundation);
University Women's Club.
Occupation: retired, former
dean of women and professor
of social work, UBC.
Tom McCusker
Thomas McCusker, BA'47,
(DDS, Toronto). Alumni Activities: advisory council, Big
Block Club, 1974-75. Community: president, Medical
Services Assoc, 1975; director, Canadian Arthritis and
Rheumatism Society, 1969-75;
member, B.C. Medical Foundation, 1973-75. Occupation:
dentist.
Mickey McDowell
Michael Thomas (Mickey)
McDowell, BPE'68, MPE'69,
(PhD, USIU, San Diego).
Alumni Activities: chair,
alumni fund, 1974-75; men's
athletics rep., 1971-74. Campus: member, men's athletic
committee, 1971-74. Community: past president, Vocational
Counselling Services of B.C.;
past executive director,
technological education, B.C.
Institute of Technology. Occupation: organizational development consultant, Michael T. McDowell Associates
Ltd.
Mark Rose
Mark W. Rose, BSA'47, (MEd,
Western Wash.). Alumni Activities: chair, educational
television committee, 1975-76;
appointed member-at-large,
1974; member, master teacher
committee. Campus: member,
University Dance Band,
1946-47. Community: teacher
in Kelowna; supervisor of education, New Westminster,
1958-62; active in B.C.
Teacher's Federation; president, B.C. Schools Music
Educators Assoc, 1961-63; alderman, Coquitlam, 1965-67;
MP, Fraser Valley West,
1968-74; compiles local radio
daily news commentary. Occupation: assistant professor,
UBC Faculty of Education.
Art Stevenson
W.A. (Art) Stevenson,
BASc'66. Alumni Activities:
member, student affairs committee; member, special programs committee. Campus:
active in Engineering Undergraduate Society, 1961-65;
president, E.U.S., 1965;
member, A.M.S. finance
committee, 1965. Occupation:
general manager, Pioneer Industries Ltd., several years in
forest products industry in Toronto with Dupont and CPI.
h
;j^^^
Doreen Walker
Doreen Ryan Walker. BA'42,
MA'69. Alumni Activities:
member, awards and scholarships committee, 1975-76.
Community: Community
Chest (United Way), 1960-65;
docent, Vancouver Art Gallery, 1952-65; youth leader,
Shaughnessy United Church,
1955-65; Canadian Red Cross
Society (Blood Donors
Clinic), 1940-45. Occupation:
senior instructor, department
of fine arts, UBC.
Liz Wilmot
Elizabeth  Travers  Wilmot,
BSR'66. Alumni Activities:
chair, student affairs committee, 1975-76; member, student
affairs committee, 1973-74; degree rep., 1972-73; member,
nominations committee. Campus: Delta Gamma; co-chair,
leadership conference and
Song-fest. Community: board
of directors, Province of
Quebec Physiotherapists Inc.
Occupation: part time physio
and occupational therapist
with the blind, Childrens Hospital Diagnostic Center.
Ballots
received
after 12 noon
April 15,1976
will not be
counted. Voting Instructions
Who may vote
All ordinary members of the UBC
Alumni Association are entitled to
vote in this election. (Ordinary
members are graduates of UBC
including graduates who attended
Victoria College.)
Voting
There are 10 vacancies for the
position of member-at-large, 1976-78
and there are 14 candidates for these
positions, listed below on the ballot.
You may vote for a maximum of 10
candidates.
Ballots
There is a ballot and a spouse ballot
provided on this page. The spouse
ballot is provided for use in those
cases of a joint Chronicle mailing to
husband and wife. (Check your
address label to see if this applies to
you.)
Identity Certificate
The seven digit identity number on
the mailing label of your magazine
(this is a three digit number for
faculty alumni) and your signature
must accompany the ballot. You may
use the Identity Certificate form
provided below and detach it from
the ballot if you wish.
To Return Ballot
1. Place the completed ballot and
Identity Certificate in your
envelope with your stamp and
mail it to The Returning Officer at
the address below.
2. OR if you want to ensure the
confidentiality of your ballot,
detach it from the signed and
completed Identity Certificate and
seal it in a blank envelope. Then
place the sealed envelope with
the Identity Certificate in a second
envelope, with your stamp, for
mailing.
The mailing number and
signature will be verified and
separated from the sealed
envelope containing your ballot
before counting.
NOTE: Failure to include your
correct mailing label number and
signature (the Identity Certificate)
will invalidate your ballot.
3. Mail to: Alumni Returning Officer
P.O. Box 46119
Postal Station G
Vancouver, B.C. V6R 4G5
4. Ballots received after 12 noon,
Thursday, April 15,1976, will not
be counted.
CUT HERE'
University of British
Columbia
Alumni Association
Spouse Ballot/1976
Members-at-large, 1976-78 (Place an
"X" in the square opposite the candidates of your choice. You may vote for a
maximum of 10.J
W. Gordon Blankstein □
M. Joy Ward Fera  □
Joan Thompson Gish □
Wayne F. Guinn .....' □
J.D. (Jack) Hetherington □
Brenton D. Kenny □
Patrick E. Parker  □
George E. Plant  □
John F. Schuss  □
Oscar Sziklai □
Robert E. Tulk □
Kenneth W. Turnbull  □
Barbara Mitchell Vitols □
Robert L. Wieser  □
Identity Certificate
the information below must be completed and accompany the ballot or the
ballot will be rejected.
NAME (print)	
Number, ,. ,....
(7 digit no. from mailing label)
(faculty alumni will Wive 3 digit no.)
I certify that I am a graduate of the University of British Columbia.
(Sign here)
University of British
Columbia
Alumni Association
Ballot/1976
Members-at-large, 1976-78 (Place an
"X" in the square opposite the candidates of your choice. You may vote for a
maximum of 10.)
W. Gordon Blankstein □
M. Joy Ward Fera  □
Joan Thompson Gish □
Wayne F. Guinn  □
J.D. (Jack) Hetherington □
Brenton D. Kenny □
Patrick E. Parker  □
George E. Plant  □
John F. Schuss  □
Oscar Sziklai □
Robert E. Tulk □
Kenneth W. Turnbull  □
Barbara Mitchell Vitols □
Robert L. Wieser  □
Identity Certificate
The formation below must be completed and accompany the ballot or the
pp£§ will be rejected.
NAME (print)	
NUMBER,,.	
(7 digit no. from mailing label)
(faculty alumni will have 3 digit no.)
I certify that I am a graduate of the University of British Columbia.
(sign here) A Matter of Responsibility
Is Canada Ready for the 200-Mile Limit?
Murray McMillan
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tM^R* -"^™^T^ The question, it now appears, is not
whether the event will happen, but
when.
Canada, in the very near future, will
expand its present 12-mile offshore
jurisdiction over resources to 200 miles
and in doing so will acquire hundreds of
thousands of square miles of new Canadian territory.
Whether that action is done in concert
with other coastal nations, or is a unilateral act, remains to be seen. Sofaryears
of negotiation, including the two Law of
the Sea conferences held in Caracas and
Geneva (under United Nations auspices) have failed to come up with an
agreement on extension of coastal
boundaries. Another conference, this
time in New York, is scheduled for this
spring.
In the world forum, the question of
extending offshore boundaries is the
subject of heated debate. It pits industrialized nations against the Third
World, countries like Canada with vast
coastlines against nations with only tiny
outlets to the seas, superpowers with
wide-ranging fishing fleets against countries with fishing resources they want
protected from just those superpowers.
Some countries, like Iceland, have
gone it alone and declared unilateral expanded jurisdiction. And its Cod War
with Britain is the result. Others, like
the Soviet Union, have firmly opposed
the extension of territorial waters.
Canada is among the growing number
of countries who are anxious to see the
new boundaries come into being, and
the federal government, according to a
recent statement by fisheries minister
Romeo LeBlanc, is getting very impatient with world conferences that fail to
produce results. Although he has said
that unilateral action is the least desirable course of action, there is a strong
hint that that is the route Canada may
have to take.
However it is done, the change will
have far-reaching political implications.
But less known, and perhaps more staggering, are the ramifications for the sci
entific community of such a move.
The problems appear immense. Simply put, Canada knows little of what it
would acquire should the limit be extended to 200 miles. The vast coastlines
have been explored only moderately,
and as scientists see it. there is not the
personnel available now, or being
trained now, to take on the mammoth
tasks of exploration, patrol and management when the new limit comes in.
Dr. Norman Wilimovsky of UBC's
Institute of Animal Resource Ecology
becomes intense and animated when he
discusses the subject.
" In the biological and economic fields
there is a real dearth of qualified personnel in all countries right now. Only a
few nations — including Canada — are
able to provide trained fisheries science
personnel to the developing world. We
will continue to have the responsibility
of providing this expertise and with the
new limit. Canada will not be able to
meet its own needs." he says.
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3&r£*£ "By putting a 200-mile economic
zone on their coasts to protect resources, for the first time nations will
have the opportunity to limit entry to
those resources and to optimize production from them. There will be a responsibility to look after your share of the
world's resources and those nations
who don't meet the responsibility will
be taken to task by the world community." Wilimovsky explains.
"As long as we couldn't limit the
entry to the resources there was no high
priority put on developing strong controls on the resources. Now that we're
going to have these responsibilities,
we've got to get the data on the resources, learn how to manage them and
decide how to allocate them among potential users." Those kinds of questions
have to be studied, data collected and
analysed, and then the alternatives presented to the political decision-makers,
says Wilimovsky.
The problem is that right now there
aren't the people to do even the basic
research necessary. Dr. Timothy
Parsons of UBC's Institute of
Oceanography points out, "In order to
have political clout (in world negotiations), you have to have the scientific
know-how to back it up. One way or
another, we must increase our ability to
manage the 200-mile zone. We're short
of expertise now."
He points to the area of marine pollution and the need for chemical oceanog-
raphers to examine it and police it. "In
1969 we had 10 chemical oceanog-
raphers in all of Canada. In 1974 it was
up to 33, but that is far from sufficient."
Current figures are not available, but
one could estimate that by now the
number of chemical oceanographers f
may have reached the 50 to 60 bracket. |
That's five dozen or so persons with the f
expertise to check pollution in a vast'
new area.
To get an idea of what that means on
the coast of B.C. alone, look at a map of
the province, put your thumb on Victoria and your index finger on Penticton. The gap is about 200 miles. Now
run your fingers parallel to the B.C.
coast and you'll have some idea of the
huge territory the new limit would take
in.
"There is no large oceanographic
program outside the Strait of Georgia,
although there are individual scientists
working on special areas," says Parsons. He adds that there is a need for
some sort of central agency to take on
the responsibility of oceanographic research.
"At present we are getting people
coming out of other disciplines, people
who have no training in basic oceanography, and they are being put in marine
management positions to fill the gap,
and those are positions in which they
12
can make very basic mistakes," he
says.
The push for greater control of our
offshore resources, although strongly
political, has roots in two growing concepts. One is the realization which has
only come in the past decade or so, that
the resources of the world are finite.
And closely linked to that is the second
realization — that the resources of the
land in particular are also finite, and that
man must look to the seas for future
sustenance.
"Unlike terrestrial resources, from
time immemorial products from oceans
and lakes have been considered common property," says Wilimovsky.
"There has been no incentive for conservation. The whole idea has been that
there is no tomorrow. There has always
been the feeling that if you don't take the
products, someone else will."
The extended jurisdictional boundaries are one mechanism whereby countries can work to manage their ocean
resources in the same way that land resources have been controlled for years.
" As ageneral point, all countries, and
Canada more than most, will become
more sea-oriented in the future." predicts Dr. Mark Zacher, who is director
af*UBC's Institute of International Re-
world-wide political and legal implications, scientists like Wilimovsky look
more to the practical aspects of extended jurisdiction.
Take the saury, for instance. Not a
word that one hears often (if at all) or
reads on tags at your local fishmonger.
But Wilimovsky is concerned with the
saury and wonders what we're going to
do with it.
The saury, it turns out. is a food fish
which can be eaten directly or used in
meal. The Soviets and Japanese fish for
it regularly, and there's lots of it off
Canada'swest coast. But we know little
of the saury — at least of our stocks of it,
because it's not a major Canadian catch.
When the 200-mile limit comes into
effect, we'll suddenly become owners/
managers of the saury stock and
somewhere, somehow, Canadians will
have to decide what to do with it. Do we
fish for it ourselves, then sell it to overseas customers? Will we need to train
more fishermen? Should we lease out
our fishing grounds to the Soviets and
Japanese, or anyone else who wants
them? If we take eitherof those options,
how do we decide how big the catch can
be and what the price should be? Those
are some of the problems of becoming
owners/managers.'
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lations. He is part of a large, imer-
diciplinary research teHrri at U*BC
which is examining the ramifications
of the 200-mile limit.
"The demand for the ocean's resources and for the technology to
exploit them, are of fairly recent vintage, and the push for wider national
jurisdiction is a reflection of this greater
salience of the importance of the seas,"
he says. "World-wide there is a greater
looking to the sea for both living and
non-living resources."
While researchers like Zacher
examine the problems in terms of their
The ownership question is political —j
at a given point in time the saury stock
will become Canadian property.  But
competent management of all such resources is a scientific problem.
"A lot of us feel that what we need are
people who have the concept of integrated resources management. There is a
recognition that there is a real need in
Canada for people trained at around the
master's degree level, to supervise the
day-to-day investigation and management of our resources," says
Wilimovsky.
"If you look at the age distribution of the present policy-makers and senior
resource managers in the field in Canada, you'll find that most are close to
retirement, and right now there are not
even enough back-up people to fill all
the slots when they retire," he adds.
"UBC has a fantastic opportunity to
train professionals for this kind of job."
he says. Part of that training goes on at
the Western Canadian Universities
Marine Biological Station (WCUMBS)
at Bamfield on the west coast of Vancouver Island. It is an on-the-spot learning environment where students at all
levels can grasp their subject first hand.
(See story P. 14 .)
But the WCUMBS station focusses
on marine organisms and there are other
widely-varied areas where expertise
will be needed.
Dr. Richard Chase, associate professor in UBC's geological sciences department, looks for the mineral deposits
which may lie on the sea bed — or under
it — in that vast expanse which will
come under Canadian jurisdiction. Although there has been exploration for
oil on the continental shelf, and not
much has been found, there will come a
need to search areas like the Winona
Basin off the northwest coast of Vancouver Island. Chase says it is an area
of thick sedimentation — which means
oil is a possibility. "In the Arctic we'll
gain an enormous slab of territory which
we now inadequately explore," Chase
adds.
Senior students need ocean-going research ships to do their work, and in
recent years the number of vessels available to researchers has actually diminished, Chase says. The need for
personnel and equipment to chart what
mineral resources may be there brings
him to another problem, which is one of
physical geography. On his office
blackboard he chalks a cross-section of
the ocean floor. At the B.C. coastline,
the water is relatively shallow and becomes only slightly deeper as one edges
out onto the continental shelf. But there
comes a steep drop into ocean many
times deeper. "If we extend our jurisdiction, and begin looking for, say, oil,
we will need technology which really
hasn't been developed yet," says
Chase.
It is a problem that recurs regularly.
Geological scientists look at the need
for deep-sea exploratory equipment not
yet developed, chemical oceanog-
raphers like those referred to by Parsons, contemplate the complexities of
patrolling pollution over such vast
areas. For them the answers could lie in
such devices as air-borne sensors and
satellites, but both are hampered by
weather conditions.
Whatever the solutions, they will take
years and huge amounts of expertise to
develop.
One concern many scientists have
about the extension of jurisdiction to
200 miles is that it may actually hamper
some types of research, rather than foster it. "As scientists, we want to have
freedom of research on the seas," says
Parsons. "We don't want to have to stop
at some fictitious barrier during our research. The bona fide researcher wants
to go in and follow the whole process of
the oceans from shore to shore."
At present there is a very high level of
international co-operation in oceanography, he says, although a few incidents
have caused problems. He cites occasions where military vessels have operated in other nations' waters under the
guise of being oceanographic vessels.
But as political scientist Zacher
points out, it is not at all certain that
Canada would want to seriously restrict
much of the oceanographic research
that the U.S. and other nations carry on
in Canadian waters. "Canada gets a lot
of useful data from the work of foreigners," says Zacher. "And we have
vessels that work in other countries'
waters and do the same thing."
He says the United States and Soviet
Union have been opposed to any restrictions which coastal states might
place on research inside a 200-mile
limit, because they would affect the
superpowers' operations, many of
which have both military and economic
implications.
Any international agreement on extension of coastal jurisdiction would
have to include safeguards on research
to protect the individual nations and
make sure they benefitted from the research carried out in their waters,
Zacher says.
But those sorts of problems are remote from the day-to-day work being
done at places like Bamfield, where students grapple with the basic principles
of undersea life. It's knowledge of those
principles that is absolutely essential to
any marine management program, contends Wilimovsky.
"This applies whether you're talking
about fish/kelp-bed relationships, what
the salmon and other marine life are
feeding on far out to sea or close to
shore, or the effects of pollution — a
major oil spill, say — on the very delicate and complex environment in the
sea close to British Columbia.
"We already know that this environment can be pushed to the point of collapse. Some major fisheries in other
parts of the world have already been
reduced to the point where they are no
longer economic. We don't want to repeat that here, we must encourage fundamental research on marine life, such
as we've made a start on at Bamfield."
Clearly, an enormous challenge will
be, put to the scientific community by the political leaders. Unfortunately the challenge is seldom accompanied by the funds to make possible the
solution of the challenge's problems.
For the moment it appears that if the
challenge comes in the near future, we
are going to be ill-equipped to meet it.D
Murray McMillan is a writer for the
Vancouver Sun.
13 Bamfield
Recycled and
More Important
Than Ever
Jim Banham
The Bamfield Marine Station in
Barkley Sound on the west coast of
Vancouver Island occupies a solid.
Victorian-looking concrete building
that was once the terminus for the
trans-Pacific telegraph cable that linked
Canada with the Antipodes.
The man behind the trans-Pacific
cable was Sir Sanford Fleming, a key
figure in the construction of the Canadian Pacific Railway who, in the late
1800s, envisioned the "All-Red Cable
Route" linking Britain and her overseas
colonies. Red, of course, was the color
used on maps to designate the countries
of the British Empire.
The Bamfield station was built in 1902
and Sir Sanford received the first message transmitted over the cable from
New Zealand to Canada.
The building itself, stolid and utilitarian, was designed by Francis Rattenbury, who also designed B.C.'s Parliament Buildings and the Empress Hotel,
two of the glories of Victoria. On a
plateau at the rear of the cable station,
which is set into the hillside just above
Bamfield Inlet, there once stood an incredible collection of gabled and tur-
reted wooden buildings that housed station employees. The station also
boasted a community hall, tennis courts
and a rifle range for the Australian.
British, Canadian and New Zealand
staff members.
In 1955, plans were made for a semiautomatic station with a technical staff
only. Three years later the Canadian
Overseas Telecommunications Corporation obtained land for a new station in
Port Alberni. A new cable station was
built and a cable laid up the Alberni
Inlet.
On June 20, 1959, the new system was
14
initiated, and after 57 years of operation
the Bamfield station was closed. Later,
all the buildings on the property, except
the cable station itself and the cable
storage tanks, were torn down. The
cable station building had been designated as an historic site and monument
in 1930.
For almost ten years the old cable
station sat abandoned at the mouth of
Bamfield Inlet. Mould and mosses invaded its three floors and vegetation
surrounding the building began to
obscure its outlines and creep in
through its many windows.
The idea of establishing a marine station somewhere on Canada's west coast
had been canvassed for a number of
years at UBC, chiefly by Dr. Ian McT.
Cowan, BA'32. who retired in 1975 as
dean of graduate studies.
It was not until the late 1960s, however, that five B.C. and Alberta universities agreed to establish a combined
program of teaching and research in the
marine sciences and began a search for a
suitable site for a marine station. The
institutions involved were the Universities of Alberta and Calgary, UBC,
Simon Fraser University and the University of Victoria.
A steering committee established to
investigate site possibilities unanimously recommended Bamfield. The old
cable station, located on 190 acres of
property, was purchased from the
C.O.T.C. for $80,000. Title to the property is held by the University of Victoria for the five universities.
The idea of forming a consortium to
manage the marine station was the
brainchild of Prof. William Hoar, the
then head of UBC's zoology department and a noted fish physiologist who
still teaches at UBC.
The name settled on for the consortium was the Western Canadian Universities Marine Biological Society —
WCUMBS for short. Each university
names two representatives to the
WCUMBS board of management.
UBC's current representatives are
Robert Scagel. BA'42, MA'48. head of
the department of botany, and dean
George Volkoff, BA'34. MA'36,
DSc'45,of the faculty of science.
In 1971, WCUMBS received a
$500,000 grant from the National Research Council to assist in the development of facilities at Bamfield. Among
the projects financed by the grant was
the installation of a system of pipes and
holding tanks for fish and other marine
life, and equipment designed to prevent
interruption of sea-water flow which
could destroy months of research.
The total capital investment so far in
the Bamfield station exceeds $1.5 million and it's estimated that the replacement value of the station building and
equipment is more than $3.5 million.
The station's annual operating budget,
contributed to by the five participating
universities, is $180,000.
The first classes in marine biology
were held at Bamfield in 1972. In the
summer of 1975 a total of five courses,
which enrolled 64 students, some from
as far away as Montreal and New York,
were offered.
The first students at Bamfield lived in
tents. Since then, eight attractive cottages have been built near the main
laboratory building. Six are used by visiting summer students, while the other
two house station administrators, including Dr. John E. Mclnerney, of the
University of Victoria, the director of
the station. Students and visiting faculty
eat in a comfortable, modern cafeteria
building which also doubles as a social
centre and, from time to time, as a lecture hall.
Summer courses at Bamfield operate
on a total-immersion basis six days a
week. "The eight-hour day simply
hasn't reached Bamfield yet." says
Mclnerney.
WCUMBS has also started a special
program in the marine sciences for students in B.C. high schools and community colleges. A selection of mini-courses
lasting from one to five days is offered
between September and April each
year. The program is designed to enrich
high school and community college
biology courses and to expand student
understanding of the marine environment.
Bamfield's busiest period is from May
to August when the 10.000-square-foot
laboratory building is a hive of activity.
On the uppermost of the three floors of
the building students and researchers
occupy a variety of research laboratories and cubicles. One floor below, rows of students peer into microscopes
or hear lectures from the station's summer staff. On the same floor is a small
library, always crowded during the
summer with students and researchers.
And on the ground floor of the building live dogfish and skate swim endlessly in huge holding tanks. Running
the length of the building is a row of
small aquaria holding samples of live
marine life. Visitors to this floor have to
pick their way around discarded wet
suits and scuba equipment worn by students and researchers when venturing
out into Barkley Sound to collect
specimens.
In the farthest corner on the ground
floor of the building, the stump of the
former trans-Pacific cable can be seen
coming through the concrete wall.
Above it, a brass plaque briefly describes the history of the cable and the
station.
From the penthouse atop the research station the visitor has a sweeping
view of Bamfield Village directly across
the inlet and, to the north, a distant
group of mist-shrouded islands in
Barkley Sound. Directly below the
marine station, at the foot of Cardiac
Hill — so-called because its steepness
causes even the young to puff from the
exertion of walking up it — three student researchers, two of them in wet
suits, clamber into one of the large rubber dinghies used for cruising the waters
of Barkley Sound. The sound of their
laughter and joking carries easily in the
balmy summer air.
When all their equipment is aboard,
the students untie the dinghy and paddle
out into Bamfield Inlet. A girl, dwarfed
by her two male companions, takes her
place in the rear of the dinghy, makes a
few adjustments to an outboard motor,
and heaves on the starting cord.
The motor refuses to start and the
boys in the bow of the dinghy kid her
mercilessly. She pays no attention to
them.
Finally the motor catches, sending
out a cloud of pale, blue smoke. The girl
adjusts the idling mechanism and then,
without warning, throws the engine into
gear and applies full power. The two
boys are thrown together in a heap at the
bottom of the boat from the force of the
acceleration. The girl's laughter can be
heard above the roar of the engine.
The dinghy planes as it picks up
speed, leaving an enormous white
wake. Within seconds it has disappeared out the mouth of Bamfield Inlet
and the sound of its motor has been lost
in the vast, sun-lit reaches of Barkley
Sound. □
Jim Banham, BA'51, is editor of UBC
Reports. In his deep dark past is a
period spent as editor of the Ubyssey.
Elaine Clark, Sc. 4 (UBC) and Mark Walsh, Sc. 4 (SFU) share a lab
assignment, part of their credit course in marine biology at Bamfield.
">      %§S8f
he
xkij
Some of the finer points offish skeletons are discussed by Bruce
Leaman, UBC grad student in animal resource ecology and Paul Ryan,
right, Bamfield research assistant.
After lunch there is time to enjoy the sun on the cafeteria sundeck, before
heading back to the lab.
15 ML-Anr
00   -m\  B-f FOOD
FOR
THOUGHT
Nicole Strickland
Gluten au Gratin. Rapeseed Rissoles,
Sauteed Soy beans may not yet be
on your local gourmet menu, but wait
for them.
Palatable rapeseed. soy beans, gluten, and other plant proteins play a key
role in man's diet of tomorrow — a diet
which of necessity will make more
efficient use of plant protein systems.
These, in combination with one or more
other plant nutrients, will form "complete" proteins suitable as meat extenders or meat alternatives.
The switch from traditional meat and
potatoes to fabricated or extended plant
foods is made inevitable and necessary
by a world population expected to
double by the year 2000. Scientists are
optimistic about the world's ability to
feed its billions up to that time —
beyond that date, concern grows.
The noted science-fiction writer, Arthur C. Clarke, has predicted the most
essential food of the future will be the
protein found in plant oils. Three per
cent of the world's edible oil production, he estimates, could feed everyone.
Scientists throughout the world are
examining these and other solutions to
the problems facing man. UBC's department of food science, in the faculty
of agricultural sciences, is no exception.
Under Dr. William Powrie, the department's seven faculty members are each
engaged in basic and applied research in
an integrated effort to forge another link
in the development of new systems,
new alternatives, and new'processes to
meet the world's ever-increasing demand for food.
UBC's seven-year-old food science
department, integrates the disciplines of
chemistry, physics, biology and
mathematics. The key word here is "integrates". Because the department is
relatively small, staff members combine
and complement their scientific interests in a forward-looking thrust towards new product development and
new ideas.
Foremost is the aim of finding solutions to the predicted world food shortage. "Proteins hold the key." Powrie
says, "and it's in this area our department is most interested. We can't
economically synthesize proteins at the
present time, so we're trying to make
better use of what we now have."
Rapeseed. gluten, muscle, eggs, and
milk protein systems are of prime interest to the department. "We want to
utilize the agricultural products of
Canada." Powrie says. "Wheat is our
number one protein crop — we're attempting tosolubilize gluten (wheat flour
protein), which is an elastic, cohesive
mass. We want to separate it so we can
produce a protein which will resemble
milk, whip up like egg white, serve as an
egg yolk substitute, or act as an extender for meat products such as sausages,
weiners and luncheon meats."
To date, the department's attempts at
solubilizing gluten have received funding from Environment Canada. Agricu
ture Canada, the National Researcn
Council and the B.C. department of
agriculture. Now. under proposed
complete funding from the federal department of industry, trade, and commerce, the possibility of a Canadian
center for food protein research, to be
located at UBC, is nearing reality.
"The gluten project would probably
be one of the main protein systems this
center would deal with," Powrie says.
"We'd like to act as an exploratory lab
for the isolation and characterization of
proteins.
"Our tangible goal is to produce
palatable, nutritious, acceptable, high-
protein foods — a goal important to the
world at large. We want to find basic
proteins to add to the native foods in
different parts of the world. As our
population increases, we're compelled
to go to extenders, if not simulated products. If we can solubilize gluten, we
can alter it to bring about an emulsion
useful in extending milk. If need be. we
may even be able to make simulated
milk."
17 Rapeseed, too, would constitute an
important area of the center's research.
"Rapeseed produces an excellent oil.
but its by-product — rapeseed meal — is
also very high in protein. At present,
most rapeseed meal is fed to animals;
we want to feed it to humans."
Another faculty member. Dr. Shuryo
Nakai, has developed a charcoal filtration system to remove the toxic compounds from rapeseed. making it suitable for human consumption. The meal,
considered a high-quality protein, could
be used as a meat substitute or a supplement for cereal products. Says Powrie: "It could be used in making wein-
ers, whipped dairy products or as an
additive in bread.
"Bread is low in one of the essential
amino acids — lysine. Rapeseed has a
high lysine content. Combined with
wheat flour, rapeseed meal would produce a more nutritious loaf. So far. the
big stumbling block has been rapeseed's
toxicity. We don't know what the consumer reaction will be. but we will all
probably have to change our lifestyles
and future food habits to alleviate
famine.
"An optimum system would allow
humans to utilize plant proteins for their
complete protein requirements. Traditionally they have consumed animal
protein, the best protein so far available." The traditional system. Powrie
argues, is wasteful. Beef cattle gain one
pound of muscle for every ten pounds of
feed ingested; chickens fare somewhat
better, gaining one pound of muscle for
every five pounds of feed.
There have been food shifts in the
past — from butter to margarine, from
milk to carbonated beverage drinks,
from whipped cream to Cool Whip,
from fresh orange juice to Tang. Consumers can expect more radical
changes.
Coming, says Powrie. are more
high-protein "complete meal" drinks;
simulated egg products in which both
yolk and white will consist of solubilized
gluten; a return to the meat extenders
that made a brief appearance on retail
shelves until dipping meat prices adversely affected extender sales; essential mineral and vitamin pills for the diet
of the future; simulated foods nutritionally balanced so that they are regarded
as complete foods.
One reassurance — Powrie says the
popular misconception of a "pill" to replace a meal is highly unlikely.
"People." he says, "will always want
something they can sink their teeth into."
We can expect an even greater
number of convenience foods. The
growing numbers of women in the work
force have indicated a rising demand for
fast foods. Helping industry meet this
demand, Powrie and his department
co-worker. Dr. Marvin Tung. BSA'60.
MSA'67. PhD'70. each played a part in
the development of the newly-marketed
"'pouch pack" foods that recently made
their debut in B.C. supermarkets.
Requiring no refrigeration, the
pouches containing entrees and fruit
have a shelf life of two years. They can
be eaten cold or popped — pouch and all
— into boiling water for a brief heating
period. The pouch packs as an alternative to tinned or frozen foods are simpler and faster to prepare, require no pot
scrubbing and are but one example of
new food development.
Other developments are not so readily apparent. Consumers take certain
food qualities for granted, unaware of
the years of industrial and scientific research devoted to perfecting the quality
of foodstuffs.
Most consumers have never heard of
xanthan gum, developed and marketed
during the past decade after 15 years'
research. Without the addition of
xanthan gum. commercially made pies
would have soggy crusts as the fillings
seeped into the pastry; the relish on our
hotdogs would slide off the weiner and
soak into the bun; syrups wouldn't pour
and cling smoothly, lacking the gum's
benefits of controlled penetration and
run-off.
Tung is keenly interested in xanthan
gum, a food additive with both
texture-modifying andstabilizing properties. Most of the product is manufactured in San Diego — a scientific project
to which Dr. Tung's research has contributed.
The story of the gum's cultivation can
be likened to that of raising sheep to
produce wool. Certain strains of
xanthan bacteria occurring in nature are
particularly efficient producers of
polysaccharides — large molecules composed of individual sugar units.
Polysaccarides are food gums —
stabilizers and texturizers. In large fermenting vessels, the xanthan bacteria
— each of which magnified 8.000 times
resembles an overstuffed rice krispie —
synthesize the polysaccarides and extrude them as capsules of xanthan gum.
The gum. which by itself contains no
nutritive value, is then collected, dried,
stored, and shipped.
In solution, the gum shows what
Tung describes as "weird rheological
behavior." A small amount of the
polysaccaride added to. for example,
salad dressing, allows the mixture to
remain thick on standing, but to thin
readily when shaken before pouring.
The gum's high viscosity on standing
prevents the oil droplets in solution
from separating. In industry, the gum is
used in dressings, sauces, giavies. frozen foods, juice drinks, and the
earlier-mentioned relishes and syrups.
A rougher grade of the gum is a boon
for oil drillers. The gum. entering into
solution with the well's oil. suspends
18 loose rocks, so that they come spewing
from the well with the oil. The rocks are
later strained out — a vast improvement
over the days when rocks could clog the
flow of oil from the well by blocking the
drill hole.
All well and good for industry . . . but
what about the consumer, whose
homemade oil and vinegar salad dressings never fail to separate at the table?
Science is seeking an answer there, too.
Tung says the possibility that such gums
will be available to consumers is not
unlikely.
"Emulsions and gums might one day
be purchased in a mixture, ready to add
to such things as homemade salad dressings. The emulsifier would stabilize the
oil droplets in the aqueous phase; the
gum would thicken or increase the viscosity of the aqueous phase to prevent
separation."
Already developed, but not yet marketed, are "multi-purpose" foods —
each a single commodity utilized for a
wide variety of food preparations.
UBC's department of food science has
already produced one such food, much
in line with Arthur C. Clarke's predicted "food of the future." Dubbed
"multi" by Powrie. the product is a
vegetable oil protein emulsion resembling mayonnaise in appearance but
storable at room temperature.
Upon its dilution with vinegar, "multi" can, indeed, make mayonnaise.
Added spices produce a salad dressing.
Beating and blending water with "multi" results in a whipped topping. Sugar
and water mixed with the product make
a smooth icing. Replacing a recipe's
egg and oil. "multi" can be used in making a cake. Cream for your coffee? Just
combine water and "multi". Want
cream cheese? Add "multi" to cottage
cheese.
Water soluble, the product disperses
into small droplets with a quick stir. No,
consumers can't purchase it yet — but
it's one of several possibilities for the
future. It's hoped the product will not
only save consumers money, but will
lessen the weekly grocery load toted
home from the supermarket.
"Not all our work is directed to offering industry new products," says Dr.
Philip Townsley. BSA'49. "Right now.
one of our students is working on high-
temperature fermentations that completely remove all pathogenic organisms from animal waste. The waste
can then be converted to animal feed.
"Another student is working with
brewery waste materials to develop a
product of value to the brewery industry. One student's work is with waste
starch and its conversion to commercial
products. Still another student is developing a fermented milk, closely related to yoghurt. I feel it's going to be a
popular product."
Each example, says Townsley. is a
practical application of research.
"Much of the work of tomorrow is
highly academic and highly theoretical.
We may develop similar products or
even altogether different products as a
result of this type of research, but let's
be practical.. . who's going to buy these
new foods? I'm a great believer in carrots, potatoes and meat. New foods
have to be practical and acceptable, because nobody's going to want to give up
basic foods." A biochemist and microbiologist, Townsley's research concerns the basic biochemical operation of
a plant cell, with the goal of harnessing
this knowledge in producing what he
terms "desirable" new products.
"As yet. science can't chemically direct plant cells to produce large quantities of desirable by-products such as
peppermint oil. Using a tissue-culture
method, though, we have made cocoa in
a flask. We've had problems with coffee; we made it once, then lost it. I don't
think we'll ever be able to replace foods
such as carrots and potatoes — the point
is to make a better carrot or potato."
The department's Dr. James
Richards adds. "I think we're going to
lean much more toward plant sources
forourbasic foods. Nutritional and cost
factors will be of paramount importance. My own research has been with
animal muscle systems; we hope the
work may lead to better eating quality,
better keeping quality and other improvements in meat. Maybe one day.
industry won't have to go through
meat's aging process. As part of the
total meat operation, that adds cost.
Our research is looking in that direction, too.
"I'm not sure one looks a fixed distance ahead in the application of research. Some research has a specific
end-point in mind, but for much of it,
one doesn't know when the research
will be determined. One just has to keep
plugging along."
The department's free-to-the-public
and most useful Food Information Service (228-5841) answers questions on
food safety, grading, quality, additives,
preservation at home and in industry,
composition, labelling, nutrients and
processing.
What they do not do is recommend
diets, accept complaints or enquiries
about prices, or give recipes. Food science graduate Lorna Alpin will be
pleased to accept your calls from 1:00 to
3:30 p.m. weekdays.
If a question hits you in the middle of
the night, leave your query with the recording device monitoring the phone.
Alpin will get back to you during the
service's normal answering hours, a
Nicole Strickland is a writer for the
Vancouver Province.
The beauty of
British Columbia/
the mask of
The Harrison.
Just east of Vancouver, there's a
resort that offers a rare blend of
natural charm and sparkling personality. A distinguished resort of 285
rooms, where you can enjoy sumptuous cuisine, nightly dancing and
entertainment, swimming in heated
pools, golf, tennis, riding, boating,
water-skiing. A resort that's perfectly attuned to its magnificent
setting.And ideally suited for relaxing and memorable holidays. The
resort is called The Harrison .. . and
it's ready now to bring a little magic
into your life. For our color brochure,
write: Claus Ritter, General Manager, The Harrison, Harrison Hot
Springs, British Columbia, Canada.
THE HARRISON
Represented in the West by
Fawcett/Tetley Co.
19 □
DWiKS
A UBC Tradition
Alumni Fund Annual Report 1975 / am deeply indebted to the alumni
association for helping me out of
financial difficulty. In return I can only
say that this bursary has instilled in me
a greater desire to be successful at
university ....
Thank you for your generous award
of an alumni association scholarship.
Such a grant at the beginning of many
years of study serves not only as
academic encouragement but to ease
financial stress ....
If this letter is messy it is because I
just received your award and I am still
jumping up and down ....
In these letters and nearly 300 more
like them UBC students expressed their
thanks for the scholarships, bursaries
and other financial aid received through
the UBC Alumni Fund. This year
nearly $90,000 was allocated for direct
student aid. In many letters the encour
agement that the award represented
seemed almost as important as the
money.
"One thing that 1 particularly like
about this kind of fund is that the people
who are receiving the money are without any doubt people who are working
hard and deserve it," said,Roland Pierrot, who chaired the alurrtnifun^com-
mittee during the past j(e&r. "Tie students are out there working h^rd; Ad the,,
alumni fund is there ftelpig :he n, ani
there is never any que&tilpii ii
mind as to whether or^di
ar 'one/
hdy\t :ser;
"We're very grateful that so many
alumni seem to feel this way about the
alumni fund. The past year was a
difficult one for the economy and we
were unsure of how this would affect the
fund. We are fortunate to have a consistent pool of donors whose number increases steadily every year. We are
most grateful to them."
In 1975 alumni donations directly to
the UBC Alumni Fund amounted to
$186,990, and alumni giving in all
Categories represented a substantial increase over 1974. The UBC Alumni
•jFund. as a service, each year reports all
annual giving by alumni to the universi-
/
|«*|st
^ ^m X, i
A   git   Jt'\s
W'  W^^^^^
Sflfea The Walter Gage Bursary Fund was
initiated this year with an annual commitment of $25,000 by the alumni fund.
The previous alumni bursary fund is
now incorporated in this new fund
which commemorates the tremendous
role played by president emeritus, Walter Gage, in the development of student
aid on the campus. Some difficulty was
experienced in launching the campaign
as the national postal strike came within
a few days of the Walter Gage mailing.
"We don't know really how much the
strike affected the results but we do
know that the fund has received very
many contributions designated for the
Gage Fund." said Pierrot.
The alumni fund is also involved in an
administrative support role with the
Walter Gage Student Aid Fund, a campus project funded by the engineers and
the 1975 graduation class and the Vancouver Rotary Club. This is a special
fund specifically not to be used for scholarships and bursaries but rather for
supporting innovative student projects
and programs and as a "last resort"
emergency loan or grant fund, acting in
much the same way Walter Gage did as
dean of student affairs and president.
I.C. (Scotty) Malcolm, director of the
alumni fund and Jim Denholme. incoming president of the alumni association
are members of the Gage Student Aid
Fund committee along with student and
administration representatives.
The planning for the fund appeals is
done by a volunteer committee in consultation with the director. It's important to note that all the costs — this year
$39,500 — related to the campaign,
postage, printing, salaries, are all paid
from the alumni association budget All
22
the material used in the alumni fund
mailings is prepared and printed at the
alumni headquarters.
Every dollar donated is used as designated by the donors — or in the case
of "free funds" are disbursed by the
allocations committee, within its terms
of reference.
In the past year the UBC Alumni
Fund was able to provide support for
many campus programs. Here is a sample of a few of the projects:
• $2000 provided honorariums for 20
student musicians, participants in the
Alumni Concerts Series.
• $4,500 enabled the women's athletics
committee to maintain its intramural
and extramural sports programs.
• $550 for the Chronicle Creative Writing Contest encouraged nearly 60 aspiring writers to participate.
• $600 brought music to the campus
through the Dean of Women's
"freesee" concert series.
• $437 aided UBC's rowing crews.
• $6,500 went into the Alumni President's Fund over and above a commitment of $10,000.
• $400 helped the Speakeasy student
aid crisis program.
• $5,100 provided new sports equipment for the men's athletics committee
and the Thunderbird Memory Lane
exhibit in the Memorial Gym.
The following is an outline of the major
annual commitments of the UBC
Alumni Fund:
The Dr. N.A.M. MacKenzie Alumni
Scholarship Fund honors UBC president emeritus Dr. Norman MacKenzie.
Scholarships of $350 each are awarded
annually to 64 outstanding B. C. students, chosen on a regional basis, who
are entering UBC from grade
12....Bursaries for qualified B. C. students beginning or continuing studies at
UBC are provided by the Walter Gage
Bursary Fund. Formerly the Alumni
Bursary Fund, the new name is a tribute
to Dr. Walter Gage, president emeritus,
for his many years of service to the university and its students. The minimum
annual commitment of funds for the
Gage bursaries is $25,000....The John
B. Macdonald Alumni Bursaries honor
another former president of UBC, Dr.
John B. Macdonald. Bursaries of $350
are awarded annually to sixteen qualified students entering UBC from the B.
C. regional colleges. Dr. Macdonald
was one of those instrumental in the
introduction of the community college
system to B. C.
Alumni living in the United States
contribute to UBC through an organization called the Friends of UBC Inc.
(U.S.A.). The Dr. N.A.M. MacKenzie
American Alumni Scholarships and Bursaries were established by the Friends
of UBC as a tribute to the former president. Ten scholarships or bursaries of
$500 are available annually to students
whose homes are in the United States
and who are beginning or continuing
studies at UBC. Preference is given to
the sons and daughters of alumni.... Southern California alumni offer a
$500 annual scholarship, with preference given to a student whose home is in
California or the United States. Failing
a winner in either of these categories,
the university decides the recipient....An additional scholarship of
$500 for a student whose home is in the
U. S. was established by the Friends of
UBC in memory of Daniel M. Young.
BA'52. an active memberof the Friends
of UBC for many years.
The Stanley T. Arkley Scholarship in
Librarianship was established by the
UBC Alumni Association in 1972 in
honor of Arkley's long and dedicated
service to the university and the Friends
of UBC. The $500 annual award reflects
Arkley s continuing interest in UBC's
library and its collection.
Two awards are given under the heading of the UBC Nursing Division Alumni
Association Scholarships. One of $500
for a student entering third year nursing
and another of $250 for a student entering second year. One of the criteria is a
demonstrated potential for nursing.
The UBC Alumni Association President's Fund was established nine years
ago to provide the university president,
through an "in trust arrangement", with
a discretionary fund of at least $10,000
to be used to support a wide range of
special campus projects.
The university's first president. Dr.
Frank Wesbrook. is remembered
through the Dr. K. F. Wesbrook Mem- orial Lectureship Fund which provides
an annual honorarium fund of $ 1.000 to
bring distinguished lecturers in the
health sciences to the UBC campus. In
the past year neurophysiologist Sir John
Eccles. Nobel Laureate in 1963 for
medicine - physiology, and Sir Richard
Doll. Regius professor of medicine at
Oxford.visited the campus as Wesbrook
lecturers.
The Alumni Fund, in addition to its
regular scholarship commitments, continues to play an active part in fund-
raising in several specialized areas including memorial funds. In most cases
the fund has accepted full responsibility
for organizing the appeals which have
established many continuing awards.
This list is a prestigious one headed
by the Sherwood Lett Memorial Scholarship of $1.500. awarded to an outstanding student who most fully displays the
all-round qualities exemplified by the
late Chief Justice Sherwood Lett,
UBC's chancellor from 1951-57....A
scholarship that looks for the same qualities in a student is the Harry Logan
Memorial Scholarship. This award of
$750 is restricted to a student entering
fourth year. Harry Logan had a long and
distinguished career as professor of
classics and was an active member of
the university community.
The Frank Noakes Memorial Fund
provides bursaries for students in electrical engineering The Johnnie Owen
Memorial Athletic Award of $250 recognizes a student with good scholastic
standing and outstanding participation
in the student athletic training program
or extra-mural athletics....The Kit Malkin Scholarship of $500 is awarded to an
outstanding student in biological sciences in need of financial assistance.
Malkin. who died while attending Stanford university, graduated from UBC
with first class honors in zoology in
1963.
A scholarship in memory of Professor Leslie Wong is awarded to a graduate
student in commerce and business administration....In forestry, the George
S. Allan Memorial Scholarship of $400 is
given for graduate work in fire science
or silviculture....Two $500 scholarships
are available for students entering second year metallurgy from the Frank
Forward Memorial Fund.
The campus Greek societies, the
Panhellenic Association and the Inter-
fraternity Council, provide an annual
bursary for an undergraduate in need of
financial assistance....The school of social work is able to bring distinguished
scholars and leaders in the field of social
work to the school through grants from
the   Marjorie   J.   Smith   Memorial
Fund Ihe Jacob Biely Scholarship of
$300 for a student in poultry science, is
continuing recognition of Dr. Biely's
contribution to the development of
poultry science al L'BC       Encourage
ment of student writing is not confined
to the Chronicle creative writing contest. The Mack Eastman United Nations
Award is an annual prize of $100 given in
memory of Dr. Eastman for the best
essay written on an issue current in the
United Nations.
Pierrot, who will continue to head the
fund in 1976 took a look into the future
activities of the alumni fund: "1 hope
that the bursary funds will have the emphasis in the coming years. 1 feel that we
should be doing more in the direction of
student aid. without putting aside the
assistance we give to areas such as athletics and campus student projects.
Bursaries for part-time students is an
area that might grow. The alumni fund
allocated money last year for that purpose. As the part-time student idea
grows, we might even find that it would
be a case of alumni helping alumni, as
the part-time students might well be
alumni themselves."
UBC's new Aquatic Centre forms an
important part of the UBC Alumni
Fund's 1976 program. Administrative
support for the fund drive is being provided by the alumni fund office. "We are
doing everything we can to help support
this huge project." said Pierrot. "We
support the pool and we hope that
alumni will support it too. But it is certainly not intended to take away from
anything that the UBC Alumni Fund is
already doing. Our scholarship and bursary program is still the first and
foremost aspect of the fund."
Fund Executive
F. Roland Pierrot. 'MChuir
Dr. Mickey McDowell. '69 Past Chair
James F. McWilliams. '51 Allocations
John R.P. Powell.'45
Kenneth L. Brawner. '58
Pau. L. Hazell. '60
Alfred T. Adams
Harry J. Franklin. '49
Susan Jamieson MeLarnon. '65
lanC. Malcolm. '15 W) Director
Friends of UBC Inc.
(U.S.A.)
Francis M. Johnston. '53. President
Stanley'I. Arkley. '25. Vice-president
Robert J. Boroughs. '39. treasurer
Directors
NoraOttenberg. '48
Frederick I.. Brewis. '49
Cliff Mathers. '23
Ex-Officio
lanC. Malcolm. '35. (W)
Allocations Committee
James F. McWilliams. '53. Chair
John R.P. Powell. '45
Brenton D. Kenny. '56
Donald MacKay. '55
Allui D. Thackray. '58
Dr. Mickey McDowell. '69
F. Roland Pierrot. '64
Hairy J. Franklin, '49
lanC. Malcolm. '35 (W)
Alumni Annual Giving 1975
(A report of alumni giving to the Universit
lo February 29. 1976. These are interim fig
April 1st to March 31st and a final report
SOURCE
y of British Columbia from April 1. 1975
toes. The fiscal year for the university is
will he issued after March 31. 1976).
Direct — STUDENT AID ONLY
UBC Alumni Fund and Friends of UBC (U.S.A.)
Building Funds*
(In co-operation with the University Resources Council I
Agricultural Sciences Building Fund
Geological Sciences Centre Fund
Law Building Fund
Commerce and Engineering
1975 Graduating Class**
Cross Credit from L'BC Finance Dept.
Other Gifts***
TOTAL
DOLLARS
$186,990
3.370
19,450
43.550
2.270
$   16.000
32.450
$304,080
the University Day Care
*       Cash and payment on pledges.
**     Major 1975 graduating class  beneficiaries  were
Council and the Walter Gage Student Aid Fund.
**'*   Other gifts represent a multiplicity of areas, where the alumnus contributes
directly to the faculty or school related to a specific projeit.   These gifts  are
considered in lieu of donating lo either the UBC Alumni Fund or the Friends of
UBC (U.S.A.) and include larger gifts in tin lange of SI .000 u, $5,000.
23 Fund Report/75
UBC's
New
Aquatic
Centre
Yes. UBC is about to get an indoor
pool.
Since the day they finished Empire
pool in 1954 there have been plots and
daydreams to provide an all-weather
umbrella for this aquatic facility. All the
suggestions proved impractical and
planning began for a complete aquatic
centre, suitable for academic, competitive and recreational activities. The project, which began construction this fall,
survived a number of setbacks before
the go-ahead came from the board of
governors following president Doug
Kenny's call for "an act of courage and
optimism" to start construction. The
courage was needed because of the uncertainty of the financing. The students
had once again, dug into their pockets
and committed $925,000. They will still
be paying in 12 years time. The university contributed a similar amount. Additional funds have come from the provincial government. Combined, there is
enough money to complete the external
structure — but with no landscaping —
and the tiled pool. Everything but the
mechanics to make it work.
The classic hole in the ground with no
use. you say? Doug Aldridge.
BASc'74. campaign director for the
aquatic centre fund, replies: "Obviously critics will say. how could you be
so irresponsible as to go ahead on something that won't be usable? The only
reply we can make, and the reason the
board of governors went along with it, is
that if you have $2.5 million in the bank,
with costs rising each month, you had
better spend it fast or it will be gone
through inflation." Inflation has taken a
heavy toll — $40,000 a month.
The pool has been designed so that it
can be used for a number of purposes
simultaneously, allowing considerable
flexibility in scheduling. The management agreement that was signed by the
students and the university ensured that
there would be community representation on the board of directors for the
pool and that considerable time would
be allotted for community swimming.
Now what is needed is $1.3 million to
essentially finish the project and put
24
AI the moment a hole in the ground, in a
right) Bill Broody, AMS arts rep., Dave
Roly Pierrot, alumni fund chair and Da\
work in progress.
water in the pool. Stage one of the construction is covered by the funds on
hand and if all goes according to
schedule, it should be finished by December '76. If funds are available construction will move straight into stage
two and the pool will be ready for September '77.
In January a local house-to-house
campaign was held by the students during a torrential downpour, but the community response was encouraging.
Funds pledged that day are continuing
to come in. Campus personnel have responded generously with gifts and
pledges and tentative plans are being
made for a corporate campaign later in
the year.
Alumni have played an important
part in the fund raising plans. Harry
Franklin, alumni association executive
director, and Scotty Malcolm, director
of the alumni fund, have served on the
few months an aquatic centre. (Left to
Thccssen, AMS internal affairs officer,
e Coulson, AMS treasurer, survey the
various planning committees almost
from the beginning. The alumni board of
management has endorsed the concept
of the pool and has agreed to include the
pool fund campaign as part of the alumni
1976 fund program.
It's part of UBC's tradition — the
students and the alumni together have
played a most important role in providing this campus with needed facilities.
The students are making the largest
contribution they have ever made to a
building fund — with the exception of
SUB. which was paid for almost entirely with student funds. Since 1970
alumni have contributed nearly
$500,000 to campus building funds —
geology, law. agriculture, commerce,
engineering. Those appeals represented
special interests. The UBC Aquatic
Centre is for the entire campus, for the
years to come. They hope you will dive
in and help out. □
When it's finished the new aquatic centre will look like this. UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION
VIKING ADVENTURE
A VACATION AS BRISK, BRIGHT AND EXQUISITE
AS SCANDINAVIA ITSELF.
Join us for two weeks on a
carefree do-as-you-please
holiday in Oslo, Stockholm
and Copenhagen.
£&*/-:-?■'
splendor of Hamlet's
Kronborg Castle, sumptuous
smorgasbords, and tempting
buys in pewter, Orrefors
crystal, hand-blocked linens,
Georg Jensen silver,
porcelain, and superb
antiques. It all awaits you.
n£
(A '
"»>*::■ ■ .■■-. H   v.
/' i-'A
.iii
Everyone should have at     \^
least one adventure a year,
and this could be yours . . .
magnificent scenery of a
Norwegian fjord cruise, the
Midnight Sun, festive Tivoli
Gardens, the medieval
■^J***^*
A GREAT
TRIP. A GREAT
VALUE.
1368
Including: direct chartered
jet flights, deluxe hotels,
full American breakfasts,
gourmet dinners at a
selection of the finest
restaurants, and a generous
70 lb. luggage allowance.
Departing Vancouver (via
Seattle) on June 24 and
Returning on
July 8
For brochure, call UBC
Alumni Association. 228-3313.
Make Your Reservations Now
Space slriclly Limited
— •— i^ — — _— — — •—• — —
UBC Alumni Association
6251 Cecil Green Park Road.
Vancouver. B.C. V6T I A6.
Make your cheques payable to
Manchester Bank — Viking Adv.
Trust Account.
Enclosed is mv check fortf	
(ti 100 per pet sou) as deposit.
n.\mi:s    	
ADDliKSS
(111	
si Ait;	
./it
- t'lniM-
25 A Vice-
presidential
Portfolio
UBC's top
administration has
taken on a new look
in the past few
months. It now has
four vice-presidents
who report to
president Douglas
Kenny and who are
responsible for
specific areas of
administration. By
way of introduction
the Chronicle offers
these brief profiles....
Chuck Connaghan
"1 see myself as a generalist." says
Charles J. (Chuck) Connaghan. vice-
president of administrative services.
And a good thing too, as he is responsible for many of the wide range of services needed to run the community of
UBC, pop: 25.000.
Born in Ireland, educated in Scotland
and drafted into the British army.
Chuck Connaghan came to Canada in
1953 after finishing his national service.
He worked for two years at Ocean Falls
"to make enough money to come to
UBC." He graduated in psychology in
1959. the year he was AMS president,
and followed up the next year with a
master's degree.
The natural step was to personnel
work that took him in 1961 to eastern
Canada. The next nine years he spent in
Ontario and Quebec as manager or director of industrial relations in the mining and forest industries. He was named
to head the B.C. Construction Labor
Relations Association in 1970.
His return to the Coast was a return
to UBC as well. He served terms on
senate and the board of governors, "lt
was an interesting involvement. At the
senate you get one perspective. At the
board you get a broadcrone. It has been
a sort of apprenticeship for me."
The list of his responsibilities is extensive: personnel; physical plant; construction and maintenance: purchasing;
office services: traffic and security patrol and information services. Con-
naghan's first few months — he joined
the staff last October — have not been
uneventful. In December on the eve of
Christmas exams. UBC was struck by
its clerical and library staff. While
things were a bit difficult, the university
did not close and the exam schedule was
maintained.
"1 am still opening doors and finding
out what's on the other side but one
thing 1 am impressed with is the fact that
LJ BC is very lucky in having the kinds of
people it does on the non-academic
side. They are not very visible but without them the whole operation would run
down very quickly. I think that those
people are the real heroes, if that's the
appropriate term, in keeping this university going."  -S.IM
Michael Shaw
Michael Shaw flashes a broad grin and a
chortle mixes with a puff of smoke from
his pipe when he is asked what his new
job entails. " I was afraid you were going
to ask that question." is the reply.
The first description that comes to his
mind is "grabbag." But on second
thought "diffuse responsibilities" might
be a more proper way of putting it.
Grabbag is the word.
The president's office has one of
those marvels of modern management,
the organizational chart. On it. four
lines fan out from the president's compartment, and one of them goes to the
"Vice-president of University Development." Beneath the title lies
Michael Shaw's grabbag.
The library, research administration,
the computing centre, academic planning, the instructional media centre,
systems services, animal care on campus. TRIUMF. the Centre for Continuing Fducation. summer session — they
all come under Shaw's wing, along with
several more items.
After eight months in the position, a
reasonable settling-in period, he appears to be enjoying it. Coming from his
previous post as dean of UBC's faculty
of agriculture, he has found a considerable amount of adjusting necessary.
"The big difference is in the size of the
system one is working with. It's a
slower process here and there is a great
deal more involved in it. There isn't the
26 same degree of freedom to make
changes." he says.
"Asa dean 1 felt 1 had clearly defined
aims to work toward within the budget
available. Here you don't have direct
control over budgets. You have to look
at programs and try to assess their
strengths and weaknesses, then work
through advice and negotiation."
Surprisingly, his academic career did
not include any agriculture degrees. His
work has all been in botany — BSc.
MSc and PhD from McGill, postdoctoral studies at Cambridge — with
the agricultural connection coming
through his study of crop-attacking fungal organisms such as wheat rust.
His interests outside the university
are devoted to "my wife, four kids, a
Labrador dog and a cat." Time is allotted to jogging and swimming (a mile
every Sunday at the Vancouver Aquatic
Centre) and a great deal of reading. Despite a hectic schedule he continues to
work with graduate students and to edit
the Canadian Journal of Botany, which
he has done since 1964.
"It may sound trite, but my overriding interest is in academic quality,
both for the students of the university
and in the students themselves." - MM
Erich Vogt
"Sitting in this office I see some real
crying academic needs. The decisions
you must face are whether something
else must be closed down and money
transferred in order to satisfy those
needs."
The speaker is Erich Vogt. who last
July 1 became UBC's first vice-
president of faculty and student affairs.
"For a long time, the university was
in a mode of exponential growth, but
that mode is now over. Now the problem is one of making choices and that is a
very difficult one," says Vogt.
The decisions he must make fall into
two broad areas: First is student affairs
which includes residences, the registrar's office, the university health service, the student services office, athletics. International House and several
other operations — including the alumni
association.
The second, and according to Vogt
much more difficult area, is that of faculty appointments, tenure and promotion. "The president's office does not
initiate the appointments, it can just
give approval selectively and make recommendations to the board of governors." he says. "But when someone retires or leaves, we must decide whether
to retain that particular function and its
salary. Much of it is done through
negotiations with the deans."
He says the arrangements in some of
the faculties (he cites medicine as an
example, where teaching, research and
clinical appointments are inter-twined)
are so complex that he still does not
understand some of them.
Vogt. 47, came to UBC in 1965 as a
full professor in the physics department. His field is nuclear physics and he
played a major role in the TRIUMF
project. He still teaches a large first-
year physics class and it is seldom that
he is not on campus by 7 a.m. to work
with his graduate students. He's usually
at his desk in the president's office by
9:30. and is often there well into the
evening.
"I've probably got more energy than
is good for me." he says with a typical
good-natured chuckle. "I try to work
very hard five days a week and keep my
weekends clear for my family, although
I don't always succeed in that."
Those weekends revolve around his
wife and five children and include hiking, gardening, reading and sessions at
the piano, which he says he plays badly.
"I don't regard my new job as something I want to do for the rest of my
life," says Vogt. "But I'm certainly not
growing tired of it." - MM
^L^%    William White
Bill White's job is keeping UBC in
the black. Or more properly. William
White, C.G.A., is vice-president and
bursar of the university with responsibility for the administration of UBC's
$126.5 million budget.
The least public of the vice-
presidential quartet, his voice retains a
trace of Scots brogue after almost 30
years in Canada. He served in the Royal
Air Force, attaining the rank of squadron leader and was in business in Britain
before emigrating in 1947.
Bill White says he can't remember
exactly how many titles he has had in
the 25 years he has been a member of the
university staff. But one that he is very
precise about is the first one. He came
to UBC as The Accountant in 1950
when the budget was $4.6 million.
Today, and since 1962, he serves as
the university's chief financial officer.
I n the intervening years there have been
designations as deputy president and
bursar, bursar and treasurer and
perhaps a few other posts that have
changed their titles over the years.
In the past academic year White carried much of the administration load
previously handled by the then other
deputy president William Armstrong,
who resigned to head the Universities
Council. With the appointment of the
three new vice-presidents —"I'm not
really new. you know," says White —
he will be able to devote more time to
managing UBC's financial affairs and
serving as secretary to the board of governors.
As secretary to the board, he is re-
sponsibile for the preparation of all the
material that is distributed to the board
members before each meeting. In a
heavy month there may be a six inch —
or more — pile of papers for each
member.
There is more to do after the meeting
as well, correspondence, decisions to
communicate and implement. "There
have also been an increasing number of
meetings involving the board and its
committees. This is only natural as it is a
new board." with many new members
and they are. "anxious to familiarize
themselves with university business so
they can discharge their obligations
under the Universities Act."
In 1962. the then president Dr. John
Macdonald,welcomed the appointment
of William White as bursar and treasurer "as a man on whose professional
judgement and competence we can rely.
His previous experience and intimate
knowledge of the university fit him well
for his new position." And it's still true
today. - SJM a
27 Explorers In
A Little
Travelled
Land
Geoff Hancock
I knew there was something called history when I was a kid because I read a
horoscope that said I had the same
birthdate. April 14. as Arnold Toynbee,
historian. History seemed some exceptional thing, all mossy Greek columns.
But history had nothing to do with the
evergreens surrounding me in British
Columbia.
Then I learned about Canadian history. "Canadian history." my grade
eight teacher snorted, as if that said everything, "is something I unfortunately
have to teach on the off chance that one
or two members of this class might go
into politics!" That had nothing to do
with me. either.
As for B.C. history. I knew all I
needed to know. I grew up in the Royal
City. New Westminster, named by
Queen Victoria, who had to be historical, since she was famous and dead.
Clearly my microscopic world
needed something. History became a
stodgy old book with close print and no
pictures. The New Westminster Columbian did an annual Great Fire of '98
issue but that was too recent to qualify
as history for me.
All this came back to me the morning
I interviewed Philip and Helen Akrigg.
explorers and pioneers in the little
travelled land of B.C. history and authors of B.C. Chronicle, 1778-1846. I
waited for them by the faculty club's
fireplace and contemplated the value of
a gorgeous cream and red Bokhara carpet.
Along came the Akriggs. Philip Ak-
The Akriggs at the Musqiieam
monument to Simon Fraser.
28 rigg is a short stocky man in a checked
sports coat and heavy glasses, and I
sensed chalk on his sleeves, the dust of
34 years service in UBC's English department. Helen Akrigg wears a bright
flowered shirt, has a quick bubbling
voice, and is clearly ready to spring
forth with an opinion on a number of
topics.
I would have liked to see them at their
house because the faculty club says
nothing about anybody's personality,
but a few drinks to warm the November
in our souls sets my imagination in motion. I could see their Canadiana collection. The CPR silverware.
I had a few CPR yarns of my own and
this quickly led to an animated discussion about the coal trains disturbing the
summer residents around Shuswap
Lake where the Akriggs have a cottage.
A bit of background to B.C. Chronicle, which the Akriggs admit was written with a strong missionary streak in
preaching B.C. history. Helen Akrigg's
special interest is historical geography.
Her master's thesis advisor at U BC encouraged her to write on The History of
Settlement on the Shuswap Lakes.
"Where did your interest come from.
Philip?" Helen asks.
"When I married you, dear." Philip
replies, with a characteristic chuckle.
As Philip Akrigg recalls, he was interested in renaissance and British history. He didn't think UBC even had a
B.C. history course in the 1930s. Then.
Dr. Garnet Sedgewick encouraged him
to continue his English studies. Philip,
falling under Sedgewick's considerable
spell, specialized in Shakespeare and
the period of James I. and many years
later would write two outstanding
scholarly works. Jacobean Pageant,
which was on the New York Times best
books of 1962 list, and Shakespeare ond
the Earl of Southampton, a superb
study of the relationship between the
great playwright and his patron.
B.C. Chronicle is characterized by
the same astonishing clarity of prose
and staggering depth of research. But
the five years research that went into the
book are hardly a moment to the Akriggs. After all. Philip spent fourteen
years on Jacobean Pageant. "We
wouldn't waste five years of our life if
something like this had been done before." Helen points out. Her voice
pours with energy.
A quick stroll through the main library convinces one of the paucity of
readable B.C. materials. The antiquity
of many texts seems to rival the Dead
Sea Scrolls. Dr. Margaret Ormsby did a
fine study of B.C. during the 1958 centennial but her book includes the whole
history of the province, so she broadly
generalizes the early years. Primary
sources include the journals and diaries
of men such as Cook and Vancouver.
Fraser and Thompson.  But these are
highly subjective, don't overlap and
reflect many areas.
They began their study of B.C.
with a fascinating compendium of 1001
B.C. Place Names which described the
origins of the names of B.C. towns. The
Akriggs side-stepped the tangled
world of agents, royalties and contracts
with strange publishers and published
the book under their own imprint. Discovery Press. The book sold 14.000
copies and the profits went back into
their press. The next book they published. Nature West Coast: As Seen In
Lighthouse Park, was written by members of the Vancouver Natural History
Society and it. too. was a best seller.
Discovery Press was a success.
Vanity publishing? Not at all, said
Philip Akrigg. He said to self-publish
was the best advice they got. Part of
their success is attributable to finding
the Morriss Printing Company of Victoria. Dick Morriss, who "can get you
any type you want as long as it is
Baskerville," is of the medieval guild
hall school of printers and specializes in
limited high quality editions. Poet
Robert Bringhurst said, "You can tear
the pages out of a Morriss book and
sleep between them." By working with
one of the finest printers in the country,
the Akriggs make certain the books of
Discovery Press are simply elegant.
The new book is a response to the
many suggestions they received from
readers that they expand the thumbnail
history which opens 1001 B.C. Place
Name s. And like any good authors they
looked around, saw the need, filled it
and Discovery Press was rolling again.
"We were fortunate enough to be able
to build on the shoulders of people and
to use a great deal of scholarship that
wasn't available in the '40s. For example, the journals of Dr. John
McLoughlin. a chief factor of the Hudson's Bay Company, weren't published
until recently," Philip said.
B.C. Chronicle could not be put together without a great deal of poring
over original materials. Philip Akrigg
was oh sabbatical in London, the "kiddies" were at university and Helen had
more time than most researchers to go
through the untapped small sources.
Missionary offices, admiralty offices,
the extensive holdings in the British
Museum. The Akriggs' zealousness
paid off with a quarter of a million words
of B.C. history.
Philip made an invisible pile about a
foot high with his hands. Then broke it
in half. Luckily the split took place very
close to 1846, when the Oregon boundary dispute was settled in the Americans favour. Philip said. With a bit of
polishing they had a first volume, with a
second due in 1977.
Dull B.C. history? Not at all. The
book contains hundreds of stories and
the  Akriggs  admitted they  love good
stories. "Sure the yarns could have
been exaggerated over the years. Nobody knows." Philip said, and I almost
detected a wink behind the smile.
So history is a mixture of archeology
and journalism? "I'm not ashamed of
the word 'journalism'." Philip said.
"But this is what I call 'level-eye'
popularization. We're not going to sacrifice scholarship, but by God. it has to
be readable." The smile is gone and I
swear there is almost a threatening tone.
Helen Akrigg echoes this instantly:
"This s a scholarly work, but not written for specialists. There is a tremendous need for a scholarly readable book
on early B.C."
Notice that I refer to the Akriggs in
the plural. B.C. Chronicle is a collaboration and the seams of differing personalities are practically invisible. This
is apparent in the conversations that
neatly dovetail, equally balance, no one
person dominating.
"That's our technique." Philip said.
"I do a draft then Helen goes over it.
That's where the tension comes in.
Think twice before collaborating with a
spouse. Sometimes writing puts a strain
on the marital ties, especially when one
wants to walk away from it." Philip
said, laughing. I'm relieved the smile
returned.
What do the Akriggs call unclear,
murky to read prose? Gunk.
"Gunk, that's what we call bits we
don't like. Get the gunk out. In this
sense, the total candor that comes from
marriage helps a lot." Philip said laughing, almost wickedly.
The Akriggs are keenly aware that
history should be literature. A strong
narrative sense, clear and pungent
prose. The pages tumble with murder
and mayhem, historical characters
dominating the pages with "the odor of
men." the smell of life.
"At the same time, we didn't want a
gory thriller." Philip said. The narrative
is restrained by careful documentary
proof, the kind that only comes with
bibliographical and archival expertise.
Another breed of historian would
note the lack of politics in the book, the
shortage of historical philosophy, in
short, the traditional political history
my grade eight teacher would have us
future politicians enthused about.
Helen shuddered at the thought. "I
think my memory of Canadian history is
punctuated. 1793. the Constitutional
Act. 1840. the Act of Union. One got so
tired of filling in the blanks. When I
spent summers in the Cariboo I had
neighbours who were homesteaders,
pioneers. That's how close we are to the
British Columbia Chronicle,
1778-1846: Adventurers by Sea and
Land by G.P.V. Akrigg and Helen B.
Akrigg, Discovery Press, Vancouver,
B.C. $14.85
29 » Edward
Chapman
c To
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frontier. And that's where my own interest lies. Not in the growing evolution
of federal-provincial relationships, or
which party was in power, but in the
opening up of the country."
Would my grade eight teacher snort at
that?
"We're not concerned with a
philosophy of history. We're chroniclers. And chroniclers are rather more
homely. And less ambitious." Philip
said.
The chronicler is almost a tour guide,
who tiptoes back and forth across the
years, notes what happens, who people
are, what they have to say about themselves. Though the chronicler doesn't
come right out and tell us what film to
put in the camera, he does tell us where
to shoot. 'And now let us turn to...! and
'We last left Samuel Black in a shack in
the north....' are standard common
phrases in B.C. Chronicle.
"That's the problem of the
chronicler." said Philip. "There are
built in disadvantages. You have to say
'Samuel Black, whom we last met in the
north is now....'
In addition, the Akriggs are aware
that the chronicle form is only useful in
moderation, that it collapses under the
weight of recent historical information.
But the chronicle is an old and honorable Anglo-Saxon form and when it
works, as it does in B.C. Chronicle it's
difficult to imagine any other method.
The structure of B.C. Chronicle is an
unusual one, rarely used by historians
because of the sheer mass of information that history tends to accumulate.
Each chapter corresponds to one year.
Of course, not all years have great historical events which must be recorded.
" I hope you'll note the ingenuity that
went into getting some entries for the
lean years. We managed to get something for every year," Philip said.
The scrawny bits of information are
easily offset by the texture of B.C. as a
place and by the individuals who
opened the province. Captain Cook
lands at Nootka and the Indians offer
human hands in trade for iron. Captain
Vancouver's men see "large logs of
timber, representing a gigantic human
form, with strange and uncommonly
distorted features," totem poles. In
1818 Fort Astoria is returned to the
Americans and B.C. loses the present
state of Washington. The Akriggs are
clearly upset by this. In a self confessed
'purple passage' the Akriggs write "The
Washingtonians of today are friendly
and decent neighbours; but one must be
haunted by a certain sadness when one
thinks on what might have
been...Sound a brief lament for our lost
kingdom...."
But there is very little journalistic licence in B.C. Chronicle. The Akriggs
are keen on the minutest details. When
they write Captain Francis Drake sailed
under cloudy skies, the weather doesn't
come from the imagination. The details
are recorded on original documents.
Yet for all the documents consulted,
the book is still a pleasure to read, with
few of the footnotes that George Eliot in
Middlemarch feared would run away
with men's brains. B.C. Chronicle is
most emphatically not a textbook. The
Akriggs don't feel history should be an
ordeal.
Philip notes that most history is
taught in the early grades, in "a mishmash called Social Studies" which give
a feeling there isn't a history, simply
because no interesting books have been
written. "British Columbians should
know about 1858 the same way Californians know about Sutter's Mill and
1849," Helen said.
But to find archival information is not
so simple. The Akriggs' extensive researches have taken them around the
world. "We had to go to New Zealand
to read Edward Bell's journal of Vancouver's expedition. Bell was a clerk
(Philip said 'clark') on Captain Vancouver's ship and the complete journal
has never been published. Many people
don't know Sydney, Australia was a
sizable city when B.C. had only a few
fur trading posts. Captain Vancouver
had a supply ship come from New South
Wales and as a result, between 1792 and
1795 several manuscripts found their
way across the Pacific." Philip said.
Then to organize the material. The
Akriggs' working day begins early.
Xerox and tape recorders have sped up
the tedious process of transcribing on
the spot. Then in the summer, in a cottage overlooking the beautiful Shuswap
Lake, the Akriggs fill up filing cabinets,
index and cross index their thousands of
file cards, spread photographs and old
maps on the floor, picking out the best.
My impression is that the Akriggs
would be very unhappy doing anything
else. B.C. Chronicle has redecorated
our provincial concept of history and
given us a new view of ourselves. My
grade eight teacher should have a close
look at this book to see where we come
from. As we leave the faculty club,
Philip puts on a jaunty blue beret and
heads for the library's special collections division where he's hiding out during another sabbatical year. I take a
look over Howe Sound. A break in the
weather reveals the mountains clear and
distant. Rain clouds cling to the evergreen forest. For a moment 1 place a
small three masted sailing ship in the
waters, then let it go. History has more
to offer than Greek columns. □
The Authors Akrigg are both UBC
grads: Dr. Philip Akrigg, BA'37,
MA '40: Helen Manning Akrigg. BA '43.
MA'64. Review author Hancock.
BEA'73. ME A 75./v editor of the Canadian Fiction Magazine. MUSSOCs "Dolly" (playedby Roma
Hearn, top, centre) received a warm
welcome to Victoria on her opening night.
Among the alumni who attended a post
performance reception were Kirk Davis,
branch president, (above, left) and Victoria
alderman, J. Robert Ellis, BA '59 and his
wife. Master teacher, professor Sam Black
visited alumni in California. (Bottom) In
Los Angeles he illustrated his talk "From
Pender Street to Peking" with
impromptu-sketches. Ian Bennett,
BASc'64, (right) appeared to enjoy the San
Francisco event.
Alumni Branches:
Spring '76
There are no hibernators in the alumni
branches during this winter season. Eighty
people turned out to a luncheon in Powell
River, co-sponsored by the local chamber of
commerce. Guest speaker Dr. Anthony
Scott. UBC professor of economics, discussed Canada's anti-inflation legislation.
Carrying the message east, alumni association executive director Harry Franklin will
stop over in the Regina Inn. Regina. March
22 to contact alumni keen on organizing a
branch there. So if you would like to feel a
little closer to your alma mater and perhaps
meet a few fellow alumni, why not get in
touch with him. The next leg of the jaunt will
take him to Winnipeg. March 23. to organize
an early autumn function with branch president Gary Coopland.
In the east. Franklin will join UBC's new
chancellor. Donovan Miller, who is slated as
special guest speaker at branch events in
Montreal, Ottawa and Toronto, March 24, 25
and 26, during his first official visit to that
part of the country. Sharing the spotlight
with him in Ottawa will be new UBC president. Douglas T. Kenny.
Closer to home. Port Alberni alumni will
have an opportunity to hear Margaret Fulton. UBC's dean of women, speak June 7 in a
program co-sponsored by the Port Alberni
University Women's Club.
Official
Notice
Notice is hereby given that the
Annual Meeting of the UBC
Alumni Association will be held
at the hour of 8:00 p.m. on
Monday,May 31,1976 at Cecil
Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green
Park Road,Vancouver.
For further information call the
Alumni Office, 228-3313
Harry Franklin
Executive Director
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Moving Out
From the Centre
For years there have been mutterings—
muffled and otherwise—that the Interior of
B.C. was feeling a little academically neglected by its universities. But no more. Both
UBC and Simon Fraser University have
changed their campus/Lower Mainland ways
and moved into the Interior.
Simon Fraser is offering academic credit
courses in Kelowna. Degree completion in
psychology and biological sciences is now
possible through off-campus study.
UBC is taking a different approach in
meeting local requests for sophisticated
non-credit learning programs, short courses,
lectures and seminars by bringing in UBC
faculty to complement community resources
and fill local needs. UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, which is responsible for
the new outreach programs, has appointed
John Edwards as resident coordinator of Interior programs. While he will be located on
the Vernon campus of Okanagan Community College his "territory" will include the
areas served by Cariboo Community College
in Kamloops. Selkirk Community College in
the West Kootenays, as well as the Okanagan Valley. The regional colleges have indicated enthusiastic support for this new UBC
initiative. Alumni with ideas, thoughts or
suggestions on the program can contact Edwards in Vernon at 542-2203.
The program, which officially began in
January, has already arranged several visits
by UBC faculty to the Okanagan centers.
The visits are usually planned to allow local
college faculty time to discuss research and
academic interests with the visitors, who
also participate in a college sponsored community education program or a non-credit
educational program sponsored by the
Centre for Continuing Education.
Be a Friend to a Plant
Or a Whole Garden
UBC's Garden is growing and so is the
number of its Friends.
The campus based botanical garden has
been rapidly expanding its educational and
informational activities throughout the past
year. One of the newest areas of expansion
has been through the volunteer group, the
Friends of the UBC Botanical Garden.
While the group is still relatively small in
number, it has held two meetings so far this
year and is planning its future activities
around the special interests of the members.
The botanical garden, which will open its
alpine garden this summer on the south campus site, hopes to develop a docent training
program through the "Friends". David Tarrant, educational coordinator of the UBC
Botanical Garden and author of High Rise
Horticulture: A Guide to Gardening in Small
Spaces, is working closely with the group.
New members are most welcome. Botanical
expertise is not a prerequisite to membership, but an enthusiasm for plants is. Green
and purple thumbs optional. For more information call the alumni office, 228-3313.
32 Dr. Roy Rodgers, new director of the school
of home economics was guest speaker at a
home economics division seminar. (Top) He
chats with Nadine Johnson, BHE'65,
division representative. Helen McCrae
MSW'49, (below, right) greeted two of the
student guests at a Cecil Green Park
reception honoring the winners of alumni
scholarships and bursaries.
We're Collecting
Memories of Fairview
Memorabilia: Such are the things of which
archives are made....
The alumni Fairview committee, in cooperation with the UBC library is looking for
contributions to the university's archives of
mementos, written or otherwise from the
university's Fairview years before the move
to Point Grey in 1925. Anyone with
memorabilia for the collection or questions
about the archives project should contact the
university archivist, Laurenda Daniells,
special collections division. The Library,
UBC, 2075 Wesbrook Mall, Vancouver V6T
1W5 (228-2521). That box of memories in
your attic may be just what they are looking
for.
New Life for
An Old Donkey
An old steam donkey has a new lease on life
thanks to the 1975 forestry graduating class
— and the forestry alumni.
The rusting remains of the 1912 stationary
steam engine were found by some of the students in May, 1974 during a timber cruise on
the slopes of Pitt Lake. The engine, a
forerunner of today's logging equipment had
been used until the 1930s and then abandoned. Aside from a few lost brass fittings,
the engine was in remarkably good condition
and the students decided its restoration
would make a good class project.
Then there was merely the matter of transporting the pieces of the 30,000 pound engine
from deep in roadless forest to the chosen
site, the entrance to the university's Haney
research forest, over six air-miles away. A
helicopter was arranged and an airlift took
place in April, 1975. Now out of the woods,
the restoration work began in earnest,
sandblasting, painting, replacing missing
parts. It proved impossible to return the engine to working order, but visually it's perfect.
The total cost of the project was $3,500,
much of which was donated by the forestry
alumni. "We couldn't have done it without
their help," said Richard Cain, BSF'75, who
chaired the project. At the present time the
students are building a permanent display
covering the history of their project, which
they hope may prove to be the beginning of a
forestry museum at the university research
forest.
That old donkey may have run out of
steam but it's still working as a reminder of
the early days of B.C.'s forest industry, a P0FU
The Members
From UBC
The tide turned swiftly in the B.C. provincial
election last December 11, returning the Social Credit party to power with 35 of a possible 55 seats in the legislature. This time
around, it seems 17 UBC graduates will be
able to stake claims to seals in Victoria's
parliament buildings.
Seven members of the new government
are UBC alumni, five of whom are members
of Bill Bennett's cabinet. They are Jack
Davis, BASc'39,North Vancouver-Seymour.
minister of transportation and communications, responsible for energy and a director of
BC Hydro: Patrick McGeer. BA'48. MD'58.
Vancouver-Point Grey, minister of education, responsible for ICBC; Garde B. Gar-
dom, BA'49, LLB'49, Vancouver-Point
Grey, attorney-general; L. Allan Williams,
LLB'50, West Vancouver-Howe Sound,
minister of labor, responsible for Indian affairs; Kenneth Rafe Mair. LLB'56. Kamloops, minister of consumer services; Walter
K. Davidson. BA'62, Delta; and Sam R.
Bawlf, BA'67. Victoria.
Of 18 NDP members elected, nine are
UBC graduates. They are: Alex B. Macdonald. BA'39, Vancouver East; David
Stupich. BSA'49, Nanaimo; Robert A. Williams, BA'56, MSc'58. Vancouver East;
Karen Peterson Sanford. BPE'56. Comox;
Emery O. Barnes. BSW'62. Vancouver
Center; Rosemary Brown. BSW'62,
MSW'67. Vancouver-Burrard; Gary V.
Lauk, BA'63. LLB'66. Vancouver Center;
Lome J. Nicolson. BEd'63. Nelson-Creston.
and Robert E. Skelly, BA'68. Alberni.
In addition, the leader and sole member of
the Liberal party in the legislature is a UBC
alumnus, Gordon F. Gibson. BA'59, North
Vancouver-Capilano.
Dorothy Blakey Smith. BA'21. MA'22.(MA.
Toronto), (PhD, London), has grown quite
accustomed to the ghost of John Sebastian
Helmcken who has shadowed her life for the
past several years as she edited the new UBC
Press book Reminiscences of Doctor John
Sebastian Helmcken. Helmcken's life spanned Victorian London to the entry of B.C.
into Canada. A reception in the B.C. legislature honoring publication of the book.
marked the first time that all three of B.C.'s
provincial archivists had been together in the
same place at the same time: W. Kaye Lamb.
BA'27, MA'30. LLD'48. archivist from
1934-40, wrote the introduction to the book;
his successor Willard Ireland. BA'33. was
archivist from 1940-74: and the incumbent,
Allan Turner....For years of work attempting to raise the status of women, Alice
Weaver Hemming. BA'28. was awarded an
OBE in London last year.
34
John Chislett
and Sean McEwen
Many know it as the carnival site of the
Green Peace bon voyage affair, or as a
rather lonesome, windswept corner near
Spanish Banks. And, it must be admitted,
it occasionally looks like a drenched, half
— hearted collection of scruffy old military hangars.
The good and the bad of Jericho Beach
have been closely scrutinized and an imaginative design dreamed up which will
present Habitat Forum to the world in
May as a new package constructed of old
materials. Sean McEwen. BA'71.
BArch'74 (right) and John Chislett,
BArch'70, are part of the four-man design
team working on the transformation.
Habitat proper is the United Nations
Conference on Human Settlement which
is taking place in downtown Vancouver,
May 31 to June 11. The idea for Habitat
Forum evolved from the experiences of
previous U.N. conferences which saw
the influx of thousands of non-official delegates, with a burning interest in the issues involved. The U.N. Secretariat decided that in Vancouver these people
should have a platform from which to
present their views.
Sean, a recent graduate who worked
about town learning the trade and travelling a bit before turning up at Jericho,
describes the overall idea as a shoestring
revamping of the existing buildings, using
materials that reflect the west coast of
B.C.. into something which will be an
impressive attraction for the two weeks
of the conference. "It is an overall program theme that the materials will be
things which are recycled," he said.
Visitors will be drawn in at the entrance past a totem pole and through
something which will remind older Van-
couverites of the old lumberman's arch
that used to be down in Stanley Park — a
kind of rough cut timber Parthenon.
Timber palisades and timber boardwalks
linking the main buildings will reinforce
the historic Vancouver atmosphere.
Combining with the beauty of the natural
wood will be thousands of brilliant banners reflecting west coast themes. The
spectacular north shore mountain
backdrop is a gratis addition. "Most of
the timber is from logs that we have taken
out of the ocean," says Sean. "And there
is a sawmill set up in one of the hangars
here. All the logs and all the timber used
on the site is being milled on site as well."
However, one hangar in particular is getting most of the attention.
Budgeted at $700,000, it will take shape as
a large theatre in the round capable of
accommodating about 2,500 people. It
consists of a number of levels padded and
covered with fabric. The lower levels,
made of plywood modules, come out and
stack under the others to provide a large
floor. Plenary sessions, key note addresses and films will vie for attention here. In
addition the Vancouver Symphony Orchestra plans a performance in the theatre
June 2.
Before Habitat Forum, John Chislett
spent a few years on the west coast of
Vancouver Island, where he has a boat
and some property, and worked out his
"B.C. is beautiful fantasy." Before that
he was an urban planner in Vancouver. In
describing the design of the theatre hangar he says, "I think one of the concepts
this is striving for is to create conversation within an audience whereas in a normal theatre audience, the focus is all in
one direction. So we've got lots of little
areas to upstage the main performance."
Because of the tight budget for the
Forum, and the fast approaching deadline, volunteer help and materials are
being sought everywhere. Six truckloads
of lumber have been donated by the
Cariboo Lumbermen's Association, but a
lot more materials are needed. "For
instance right now the matter of carpeting
— we have the underfelt but we can't
come up with the surface material.
Matching up carpet ends just doesn't
do." says John.
The forum could also use money for
artists. "There are an awful lot of talented
people floating around that we would love
to use and who would really like to get
involved, but there just isn't the money or
the channels for them to get the funds.
And they're not asking a lot. The people
here are getting paid about half of what
they could get elsewhere," says John.
Both hope that once the conference is over, the theatre will be thrown
open to some of the Vancouver groups
eager for theatre space.
-Barbara Smith Widely-travelled United Church missionary
Katharine B. Hockin. BA'31, (MA. EdD.
Columbial. was one of four outstanding
Canadian women given honorary degrees by
Mount Allison University at its fall convocation. Currently acting director of the Institute of Ecumenical Studies in Toronto, she
was honored for her leadership in the
church.... Another celebration has attracted the able organizational abilities of
deputy provincial secretary Lawrence J. Wallace. BA'38, (MEd, Wash.), key figure behind B.C.'s centennial celebrations. This
time it's Victoria High School's centennial.
1876 - 1976. Former students and staff are
urged to register now for the early May
homecoming, P.O. Box 1976, Victoria, B.C.
«
The Canadian High Commissioner to Guyana. Ormand W. Dier, BA'41, has been
accredited as non-resident ambassador to
newly-independent Surinam (formerly a
Dutch colony in South America). Dier
served as Canada's senior representative to
the International Control Commission in
Vietnam and has held posts in Colombia and
Equador. Finland. Denmark, Mexico and
Venezuela....The well-liked and admired assistant general secretary of the B.C.
Teachers' Federation, Stan Evans, BA'41,
BEd'44, who was president of the UBC
Alumni Association in 1968-69, is retiring
after 31 eventful years which saw the establishment of a teachers' pension plan, compulsory arbitration, salary scales, a medical
plan, a credit union and co-operative....Back
into the fray is Robert W. Bonner, BA'42,
LLB'48, who has been appointed to head
B.C. Hydro. A long time member of the B.C.
legislature and cabinet minister in the
W.A.C. Bennett regime, he left his post as
attorney-general to join MacMillan Bloedel
where he succeeded Jack V. Clyne. BA'23 as
chief executive officer and chaired the board
of directors. He resigned from MacBlo in
1974 to resume his law practice....Five
months after he suddenly resigned from the
federal Liberal cabinet as finance minister,
the Hon. John N. Turner. BA'49, (BA. BCL.
MA. Oxford), has resigned from parliament.
He will resume practising law in Toronto as a
partner with McMillan, Binch.
What began as a hobby for John C. Holme.
BASc'50. (MA, Illinois Institute of
Technology), research department manager
for RCA Whirlpool, Benton Harbor, Michigan, now occupies an important part of his
time. He recently held an exhibition of
sculpture and photography at the St. Joseph
Art Centre in Michigan and several of his
works have been purchased by the University of Michigan and St. Joseph's library.... A
whole new set of problems will be facing the
new president of the Council of Forest Industries (C.O.F.I.), Donald A.S. Lanskail,
BA'50, a West Vancouver alderman and
former president of Forest Industrial Relations and the Pulp and Paper Industrial Relations Bureau. He is taking over from Gordon
Cecil Draeseke. BA'36, who was president
for more than seven years....Recently appointed Queen's Counsel by the federal government are two B.C. lawyers, John McAlpine, BA'50. (LLB. Harvard), a part-time
member of the Canadian Law Reform Commission from 1971-74 and Stephen J.E. Har-
dinge. LLB'51. director of the Vancouver
office of the federal justice department....Who owns the seabed under the
Strait of Georgia, B.C. or the Canadian government? B.C. hopes it does and George
Stewart Cumming, BA'50, LLB'51, is leading its fight in the B.C. Court of Appeal. At
stake is a wealth of potential mineral rights
which lie under those waters and the question of seabed ownership in Canada's other
coastal provinces Ralph  W.  Robbins.
BSF'51. has been appointed assistant chief
forester in charge of operations for the B.C.
Forest Service....From Middle East oil-rich
deserts to the Tacoma tideflats, James Bunting Twaddle. BASc'51, will now apply himself to managing the construction of huge oil
equipment modules for use in Alaska's
Prudhoe Bay. He must have 100 of them
completed for next summer's barging.
The Wooden People, which won for
Myra Green Paperny, BA'53. (MSc. Columbia), the 1974-75 Little. Brown Canadian
Children's Book Award for the best Canadian juvenile manuscript, will be published
this fall. She taught creative writing at the
University of Calgary for several years.
Guest lecturer at the National Institute of
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For a brochure listing all our 1976 Field Trips and
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35 For the best in
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Neurology in Mexico City last fall was Margaret M. Maier Hoehn. MD'54. assistant professor of neurology at the University of Colorado school of medicine....Former UBC
Alumni Association executive director and
proprietor of a home and building center in
Squamish, Jack Kenneth Stathers. BA'55,
MA'58. has been appointed by the government as a member of Capilano College
Council....A new book on A.M. Klein by
Gretl Kraus Fischer, BA'56, (MA, Carleton), (PhD, McGill), has been released....
William Wallace, BA'56, formerly of CFB
Chilliwack, has been posted to NATO Defence College in  Rome,  Italy Newly
elected director in Canada of the National
Association of Surety Bond Producers is M.
Havelock Rolfe, BCom'57...A former president of the UBC Alumni Association who
has dazzled many a hesitant Chronicle
squasher with his prowess on the courts,
George L. Morfitt, BCom'58, has been
elected president of the Canadian Squash
Racquets Association, the first president in
the 63-year history of the C.S.R.A. to come
from outside Ontario/Quebec. He is at present B.C. veterans tennis doubles champion,
B.C. racquetball champion and is a two-time
Pacific Coast squash champion, at present
ranked 10th in Canada....Although the move
is only 100 miles, at least it's west and in the
right direction, says Marnie Keith-Murray
Tufts. BPE'58, (BEd, Queens), who is leaving her job as coordinator of special education at Bayside secondary school in Trenton,
Ontario, to become provincial youth director
of the Ontario division of the Canadian Red
Cross in Toronto.
Myra Paperny
Former Vancouver Sun business columnist
Pat Dickson Carney, BA'60. has been appointed assistant director-general of information to the Canadian Habitat Secretariat,
replacing Charles Melville Bayley. BA'35.
(MA. McGill), former communications head
for Vancouver schools, who resigned....Research biologist T. Gordon Halsey, BA'61.
MSc'65, will adminster licensing and inspection offish processing and shellfish harvesting in B.C., as the new director of the marine
resources branch of the department of recreation and conservation.... The editor of the
A Postie's Lot
Is Not
A Happy One ...
Specially, when he brings the
Alumni Records Department
bags of Alumni 'Unknowns'..
So if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style ... let us know —
and bring a little lightness
to a postie's walk, (enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful)
Alumni Records
6251 N.W. Marine Drive
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1A6
Name
(Maiden Name)	
(Indicate preferred title.Married women note husband s full name.)
Address •
■ Class Year-
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36 international journal. Forest Ecology and
Management, and former head of forestry
at the University of Ibadan, Nigeria. Laurence Roche. MF'62. PhD'68. will head the
forestry and wood science department at the
University College of North Wales, Bangor.
Operating something of an "unincorporated partnership." J. Lannie Beekman.
BA'64. Richard D.Gordon, BA'68, Stephen
E. Garrod. BA'69. and Barbara E. Coward,
BA'70, with the help of a Canada Council
grant, are aiming to publish about seven
books this year, most of which are political in
nature. Their New Star venture evolved
from the Georgia Straight writing supplement, via The Grape in 1971. then the Vancouver Community Press in 1972....Returning to western Canada after several years in
Quebec. J.E. (Jed) Dagenais. BSc'65. will
work as manager of mines with Calgary
Power.... Associate editor for an interesting
new large circulation monthly magazine with
news and features exclusively for and about
British Columbians, will be Keith Lyall
Bradbury. BA'66. LLB'69, currently senior
editor of B.C. Television news hour. Canada's WestWord, which will be published in
Vancouver by management consultant
Robert Dow Leighton, BA'63. will debut in
April and should have a circulation of about
268.000 through daily and weekly newspapers. Editor will be former UBC Alumni
Chronicle editor, freelancer Clive D. Cocking. BA'62. Contributors will include Pat
Dickson Carney. BA'60. assistant director-
general of information at Habitat, Barry
Broadfoot. author of Ten Lost Years and
Vancouver Sun reporter Hall Leiren.
Now a senior geologist of Kilembe Mines in
Uganda is David P.M. Hadoto. BSc'70
....Gary Yip, BCom'70, has been appointed
manager of real estate investment with
Great-West Life...."You do not know how
difficult it is to peel pineapples while ducking
rifle bullets and grenades from local 'volunteers'," is the reaction of Gordon Ellis,
BSc'72, MBA'74, past president of the
alumni association's Young Alumni Club, to
Indonesian Timor. He is there on a two-year
C.I.D.A. water resource development study
and will eventually be stationed in Kupang,
the capital....The political blood in the veins
of J. Peter Pickersgill, BArch'72, is flowing
right out the end of his pen. The son of Jack
Pickersgill. former Liberal cabinet minister
in the St. Laurent and Pearson administrations, is the first television editorial cartoonist in North America, creator of the
Global Television News Pic of Pick feature.
He has worked as a freelance cartoonist ever
since graduation....New assistant branch
manager of a Campbell River consulting engineering firm is Curt Snook, BASc'72.
WM
Munton—Jacobs. Donald Munton, BA'67,
MA'69, (PhD. Ohio State), to M. Ann
Jacobs, BA'70. (MA. York), June. 1975 in
Vancouver.
Mr. and Mrs. Carmen F.J. Beuhler, BA'66,
LLB'69, a daughter, Sara Patterson,
November 28, 1975 in Vancouver....Mr. and
Mrs. Wesley Hutchinson Cook, BCom'48, a
son, Wesley Hutchinson, December20, 1975
in San Juan, Puerto Rico....Mr. and Mrs.
Peter Hoffman, (Barbara Ann Geddes,
BA'60), a son, Christopher Allan. January
20, 1976 in Ottawa....Mr. and Mrs. Ken
Thomas, BCom'67, LLB'68. (Karin Sofia
Abermeth. BEd'66), a son, Jasper Albert
Dylan,   October   30.   1975   in   Vancou-
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37 ver....Mr. and Mrs. Peter Barrett Whaites,
BEd'64, (Donalda Kemp, BEd'71), a daughter Laurie Kim, October 21, 1975 in
Langley.
m/kin
Harvey Reginald MacMillan, (BSA, Ontario
Agricultural College). (MA, Yale), DSc'37,
February 9. 1976 in Vancouver. A man best
known to UBC as benefactor and philanthropist, he was also in his lifetime a scholar,
civil servant, forester and industrialist. He
was involved in shipbuilding and fish canning
and marketing. In 1929 he donated an annual
scholarship of $1,000 plus an oriental study
trip to U BC; at age 70 he gave a half million
dollars to the Vancouver Foundation to be
directed to forestry, fish biology and conservation work at UBC; in 1962 UBC was one
of the principal beneficiaries of the $2 million
H.R. MacMillan Family Fund for education
and welfare; at age 80 he donated $8,200,000
to post-graduate studies at the university,
one of the largest private donations ever
made to a Canadian university. His generosity extended far beyond the campus, however. The famous Cathedral Grove near Port
Alberni was a gift to the people of B.C. from
Mr. MacMillan as was the $1.5 million
planetarium opened in Vanier Park in Vancouver in 1969. He is survived by two
daughters, nine grandchildren including John
MacMillian Lecky. BA'61. and Mrs. Andrew Wallace (Rosalind Lecky). BA'71. and
eight great grandchildren.
James Tackaberry McCay. BASc'43,
January 22, 1976 in Montreal. A Canadian
author and management consultant, he
worked for a time in the Persian Gulf on
refinery construction and later established a
heating equipment manufacturing firm in
Canada. His books include The Management of Time and Beyond Motivation. He is
survived by his wife. son. daughter and sister.
John William Rathjen. BA'69. October 31.
1975 at Alkali Lake. Principal of the Alkaili
Lake school, he drowned in Alkali Lake attempting to rescue another man. He is survived by his father.
Olive E. Sadler, BA'19. MA'21, (MDCM,
McGill). September 12. 1975 in West Vancouver. She worked in therapeutic radiology, initiated a cancer department at the
Royal Columbian Hospital, New Westminster, was physician to the Vancouver General Hospital school of nursing, held an appointment with the B.C. Cancer Institute
and certification of the Royal College of
Physicians and Surgeons of Canada in
therapeutic radiology. On retiring she established first aid stations on the Gulf island on
which she lived and was the sole doctor on
call on that island. □
OMMEM
On Remembering
Shrum at 80
Greetings arrived from near and far for Gordon Shrum's 80th birthday in January. The
following was contributed by Andrew W.
Snaddon. BA'43. through the pages of the
Edmonton Journal, of which he is the editor.
To me he shall always be known as "The
Colonel." When war came to the campus at
the University of British Columbia it arrived
in the full voice of Col. Shrum and the Canadian Officers Training Corps.
We did not join the COTC; it joined us,
and the lovely Saturday afternoons of drinking lots 'n lots of healthy beer in the cool
basement of the Georgia Hotel were replaced with invigorating hikes.
We had no uniforms and no weapons to
train with, so the good Colonel taught us the
difference between left and right, if not right
and wrong, on scenic tours, rain or shine,
around Point Grey. His commands drowned
out the Point Atkinson foghorn some miles
away.
By the way. in the war before the Hitler
do. he won the Military Medal.
I recall he was also head of the department
of physics, the department of extension and
served on the National Research Council. I
forget what he did with his spare time.
When the war ended, he had a major role in
preparing the campus for the onslaught of
returning soldiers which, overnight, probably quadrupled the enrolment.
Not surprisingly. Ottawa moved glacially,
with great bureaucratic thoroughness. The
need of some buildings from a military encampment was great in September as classes
began. The slow-grinding government digestion finally burped out an OK to move the
buildings.
The word was phoned to Col. Shrum.
"Good thing." was his laconic reply.
"Moved 'em two weeks ago. They are being
lived in."
It was inevitable that some people would
call a mover and shaker a dictator. I can only
recall that once being hauled before him
(fearsome experience). I had a case, stated it.
and won my point. He wasn't the kind of man
to hold up a war or a building by agonizing
over details, but he was fair.
In later years, people admired his executive ability. It never surprised me. Once I
was given a job to do which ran into prob
lems. "Doit." snapped Shrum. and, by God.
I did.
So 15 years ago he got around to retiring
from UBC and W. A. C. Bennett, then premier, called on Dr. Shrum to head the B.C.
Hydro.
Some of us in Alberta may have reservations about the Peace River dam. No doubt
in current times we would have had public
hearings, committees to examine and report
and all sorts of things. Maybe some faults
would have been averted; on the other hand
would lower mainland B.C. have the cheaper
power it needs? The Colonel got her done.
One thing I wish I'd seen was described to
me by a project engineer. Some buses, bearing business and political leaders to the dam
site, got bogged down one day in the muddy
road. The Colonel ordered the VIPs about
like sheep (or the COTC). dispatching some
for tractor aid. and others to do various
chores.
In no time the vehicles were rolling, although some of the big ego passengers were
muttering, "Who the hell does he think he
is?" They muttered but they did as they were
told.
Another time, charged with using a defoliant which was a public danger, he drank a
glass of it and was undefoliated: next question.
In 1963 the premier called him again and in
effect said "Build us a university" (he was
still running the waterworks). Thus he became instant chancellor, president, senate,
board of governors, faculty et al of Simon
Fraser University.
"Those were the golden days of
decision-making." he recalls with relish.
When he was a broth of a lad of 75. he was
charged with assault by a 19-year-old who
had been doing some heckling at a meeting
Dr. Shrum attended. The Colonel was acquitted. I always had the feeling that if he had
assaulted anyone it would not have required
a court case. An inquest, maybe.
When the NDP government came into
power in B.C.. Gordon Shrum got the goodbye as chairman of the Hydro. He is not
exactly an admirer of socialism.
He came to Edmonton a couple of years
ago. There was a plane strike so he took a
train. There was a washout and the train got
in at dinner time. He rushed to the Saturday
night meeting he was to speak to. stayed late,
caught a bit of sleep and bussed back to Vancouver for an early Monday morning meeting.
Now he's curator for a museum. "I'd
rather be an artifact than a statistic." is his
view.
I suspect we'll have a chance to salute him
on his 100th birthday. If he will help us get
our wheelchairs in. □
via*1-'
OLYMPUS
Wayne Bartsch. . .He's
all ears for your Olympus
questions. Knows most of
the answers too!
38 How much energy do we need to enjoy life?
WE DRIVE big cars, use
throw-away products, flick
on heating and air conditioning
switches with thoughtless
abandon. We're on an energy
binge and shortages are inevitable if we don't cut back on our
growing consumption.
That's one argument for conservation. There are others:
soaring capital costs, environmental impact, social distortion ...
THE SIMPLE TRUTH is that
we cannot live in the future as
we have in the past. If we continue
to gobble up energy at recent rates
of increase, we'll need twice as
much of it in just 12 years. We won't
have it!
In terms of oil and gas production, our best years appear to be
behind us. Most of our readily
accessible hydro-electric sites are
now in use. Coal deposits are difficult and costly to develop. Other
forms of energy —biomass, solar,
wind and nuclear for example —
will have a role to play, but can't
be depended upon to solve all our
problems.
Conservation is the only energy
option open to tis which can work
quickly and at low cost.
The goal: a saving of 40%
by the year 2000.
A 20%cut in projected consumption
by 1985 is a saving equal to 75% of
our current oil imports. A 40%
reduction by 2000 equals the output
of 10,000 conventional oil wells or
55 nuclear stations.
This will not mean drastic changes
in lifestyle. It's possible with
modest savings in daily living,
industry and transportation.
Is all our consumption
and convenience
really worth the price?
Other countries seem to have
found comfortable standards of
living without extreme energy
consumption. In Sweden, a highly-
industrialized country with a climate
and living standard like ours, they
use one-third less energy per person
than we do.
France, Germany, Finland, the
United Kingdom, Denmark and
Italy all use less than half our
energy per person.
By saving energy we can not only
avoid future shortages hut also
improve our quality of life.
Efforts to lower consumption —
through smaller cars, more mass
transit, better built homes, more
efficient industry, less waste production, more personal effort —will
all save energy. And help our environment. And help to fight inflation.
And help to make us more self-
reliant and appreciative of simple
pleasures.
In short, energy conservation
can improve our overall quality of
life.
Yes, it will take some effort
because we've grown accustomed
to waste. But is there any sensible
alternative? If you're not part of the
solution, you're part of the problem.
Get involved
with energy conservation.
Keep in touch with developments
in the energy field. Find out how
you can promote and encourage
conservation in your community
or through your profession. Add
your name to the mailing list for
the Energy Conservation Newsletter. Free when you send in this
coupon.
Gentlemen:
Yes, please add my name to the
mailing list for the Energy Conservation Newsletter.
NAME      ...
ADDRESS
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Energy, Mines and
Resources Canada
Office of Energy Conservation
Hon. Alastair Gillespie
Minister
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Mail coupon to: "Newsletter", Office
of Energy Conservation, EM&R,
Ottawa, Ontario K1A 0E4.
I I
Energie, Mines et
Ressources Canada
Bureau de la conservation de I energie
L Hon. Alastair Gillespie It's kind of nice to
stand out.
Which is what Carrington Canadian does. But for many
more good reasons than merely the look of the bottle.
Carrington is distilled in small batches, aged and
mellowed in seasoned oak casks; it's light in look and
smooth in taste. Carrington, it's special, and, in our
opinion, like no other whisky in the world.
A whisky of outstanding quality.
CARRINGTON CANADIAN WHISKY

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