UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Publications

UBC Alumni Chronicle Sep 30, 1970

Item Metadata

Download

Media
alumchron-1.0224194.pdf
Metadata
JSON: alumchron-1.0224194.json
JSON-LD: alumchron-1.0224194-ld.json
RDF/XML (Pretty): alumchron-1.0224194-rdf.xml
RDF/JSON: alumchron-1.0224194-rdf.json
Turtle: alumchron-1.0224194-turtle.txt
N-Triples: alumchron-1.0224194-rdf-ntriples.txt
Original Record: alumchron-1.0224194-source.json
Full Text
alumchron-1.0224194-fulltext.txt
Citation
alumchron-1.0224194.ris

Full Text

 •*^^r«#S
^yancouver's
feastown/Skid Road
erepeSuzettf
and Cockroaches
<g**z.->£°m
&W?$mW'^
'^JJk^V.v-
'ij-^^^fj*5??- Hy
5T~5=ili
-    Jf^l^ili
-      =5
USs
>=«lltiSp'i3HE|S^-'
Stamps Aren't
All We Collect
Everyday our stamp collection grows a
little here at the UBC Alumni Fund as letters
arrive from far-flung alumni. And we love
it... it's developing into a brilliantly-colored
montage on the wall... But that isn't all
we like about our mail. We kind of like those
donations to the Alumni Fund best of
all... And direct donations to the fund
so far total $108,000, which puts us well on
the way to meeting our 1970 target of
$150,000. So we hope you'll keep those
brightly-stamped letters rolling
in ... Remember stamps aren't all we collect.
UBC Alumni Fund Happiness is a bottle
of bay rum ... or dinner
in a fashionable French
restaurant ... all in
Vancouver's Gastown/
Skid   Road p. 4
Profiles of three
prominent London
alumni      p. 12
^^ ■ UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
CONTENTS
12
18
ARE PhDs   A GLUT ON THE
JOB MARKET?
EXPO 70: A MULTI-MEDIA
EXTRAVAGANZA
OUR LONDON EXPATRIATES
Rosemary Neering
Wilf Bennett
Clive Cocking
CREPE SUZETTE AND COCKROACHES
Vancouver's Gastown/Skid Road Trevor Lautens
23     FORESTRY'S QUIET REVOLUTION
27     ALUMNI NEWS
30     SPOTLIGHT
Ian MacAlpine
EDITOR    Clive Cocking,  BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson,  BA'65
COVER     Vlad
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE National Advertising Representatives Ltd.
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Frank C. Walden, BA'49, chairman, Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51, vice-
chairman, Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, past chairman, Miss Kirsten Emmott, Med 2, Dr. Joseph Katz, BA MEd (Man), PhD (Chicago), Peter F.
Ladner BA'70, Fred H. Moonen, BA'40, Jack K. Stathers, BA'55, MA'58,
Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc, MSc, (Man), PhD (Princeton).
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-
alumni subscriptions are available at S3, students at $1  a year.
Postage paid at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver. Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W.
Marine  Dr.,  U.B.C,  Vancouver 8,   B.C.
VOLUME 24, NO. 3, AUTUMN 1970 THEY COINED A NAME for it in
the mid-Sixties—brain drain.
Pictures were painted of the all-
important little grey cells seeping
across the borders of Canada, drawn
inexorably by jobs, money, prestige.
And with them, according to the
theory, went Canada's hopes for excellence in academic, technological
and research establishments.
Universities lamented the lack of
good Canadian talent for academic
positions. Industry claimed it could
find few Canadians to take its top
research posts. And governments
said they were hard-pressed to lure
Canadians into research jobs. As little as three years ago, prominent
university spokesmen were calling
for some way of plugging the brain
drain, or of stepping up Canadian
production of students with advanced
degrees.
Suddenly, amid all this, an embarrassing fact appeared. Canadians
who were graduating with masters
and, particularly, doctorate degrees
were having difficulty finding suitable
jobs. And with scarcely a "Whoops-
excuse me," brain drain became
brain gain, and people began worrying about finding jobs for the sudden
oversupply of products from Canadian graduate schools.
The problem is a difficult one to
define. There are few PhD holders
without jobs. There are few who have
a job in a field unrelated to their field
of study. There are few statistics on
the subject and even fewer reliable
ones.
And claims made by those emphasizing the seriousness of the job
situation have a habit of disintegrating under close scrutiny. The PhD
physicist forced into a job selling
stocks and bonds says he is an investment counsellor because he wants to
be one, has always been interested in
the field. The mathematics PhD who ARE PhD's
A GLUT ON THE
JOB MARKET ?
is a longshoreman turns out to have
graduated in 1964. before jobs became scarcer.
All that seems definite is that there
are fewer jobs available now than
there were a few years ago. Where a
PhD student might have had four or
five job offers by January of his
graduating year then, now he feels
lucky to have had one offer by June.
Professor William Armstrong,
Deputy President of UBC and a
member of the Science Council of
Canada, outlines the situation: "On a
short-term basis, the problem is certainly serious. Many PhD graduates
have been unable to get work in the
exact field in which they have been
trained. The Science Council has
looked carefully and can't find any
PhDs without jobs. But some have
gone into jobs in administration and
management, not research."
A year ago, the Graduate Student
Association of UBC produced a
brief, subsequently presented to the
Association of Universities and Colleges of Canada, on the employment
situation for UBC advanced graduates. It reported that PhD graduates
in some disciplines, notably botany,
chemistry, mathematics, some fields
of engineering, physics, physiology
and zoology, were having difficulty
finding good positions. Other disciplines admitted a lack of present
difficulties, but anticipated some in
the years ahead. Still others said
there was little likelihood in the for-
seeable future that the supply of advanced graduates would exceed the
demand.
One complicating factor for any
comprehensive survey of job-student
ratios is the fact that many students
with PhDs are now taking extended
post-doctoral fellowships. A few
years ago, a one year post-doc was
not uncommon; now it frequently
stretches to two, three, or even four
years, as the holder looks around for
a suitable job. These people show up
neither in student statistics nor in employment statistics; instead, they
form a holding pool of highly trained
people.
There are three main causes for
whatever tightening that has occurred in the job situation. First is
the massive increase in the number
of students with advanced degrees
graduating from Canadian universities. National estimates place the
annual increase in graduate school
enrolment at about 20 per cent; in the
sciences and in engineering, it has
been higher. A recent survey shows
that Canada is now producing more
PhDs per capita in science and engineering than is the United States. A
National Research Council survey
suggests that the number of doctoral
graduates being produced in these
two fields will very soon exceed the
number of jobs available for them.
The second factor involves the
world situation. Canada is not alone
among developed countries in producing more advanced graduates
than she can use. And the tightening
job situation in other countries, particularly in Britain and the United
States, coupled with what seems to
be an attractive political and environmental situation in Canada, is
attracting in droves people with advanced degrees from other countries.
Figures on the proportion of university faculty from outside Canada
vary, but they all suggest a substantial number of immigrants are taking
positions in the academic world. The
universities have been the main
employers of Canadians with advanced degrees.
Added to this is the fact that Canadian graduate schools arc attracting a
large number of foreign students,
primarily from Asiatic countries.
Figures suggest close to half of the
Rosemary Neering
graduate students at Canadian universities are non-Canadian. While
some of these students return to their
home country after completing their
graduate work, many do not. Instead,
they remain in Canada, although
they often have a harder time getting
a job than native Canadians.
The third factor is the nature of
the Canadian employment market itself. There arc three basic career
opportunities for students graduating
with advanced degrees: the universities, government, and industry. All
three of these markets have slowed
the increase in their hiring over the
past few years. The universities have
been hit by money problems that
have slowed expansion and cut increases in staff. Many provinces are
relying more and more on regional
colleges which demand a different
type of credentials than do universities. The federal government in its
battle against inflation and spiralling
costs has put a freeze on the hiring of
new staff, limiting itself to the replacement of departing staff. And
Canadian industry, never famous for
spending vast amounts on research,
has more and more tended to hire
people with bachelors' degrees.
These obvious causes of the problem suggest some obvious solutions.
Cut back on graduate school enrolment. Cut out foreign immigration if
it deprives Canadians of jobs. Lift
the government freeze on jobs. Give
the universities more money to expand. Force industry to spend a
specific proportion of its profits on
research.
But the problem isn't that simple.
If the state of the job market is
cyclical in nature, cutting graduate
enrolment could be a foolish move.
In fact, says UBC Acting Dean of
Graduate Studies, Dr. Ben Moyls,
"if I were a freshman right now, I'd
have to give serious thought to going
5 into chemistry. In five or ten years,
there may be a crying need for
chemists." And the failure of those
involved throughout the world to
predict the present situation suggests
it will be equally difficult to predict
changes in the future.
Some action, however, has been
taken on foreign enrolment in Canadian graduate schools. A year ago,
the NRC announced that students
working on NRC operating grants
had to be Canadians or landed immigrants; it has been the rule for
some time that students on direct
NRC fellowships must be Canadians
or landed immigrants. The Canada
Council has also taken similar steps.
"We don't object to foreign students being educated in Canada,"
says Art Smolensky, past president
of UBC's Graduate Student Association, "but we do feel that money for
them should come out of the external
affairs budget."
Adds Dr. Moyls: "I'm in favor of
supporting people who come from
foreign countries, because after all,
our students have been educated in
other countries, primarily the United
States and Britain, for years. But I
think our obligation to find these students jobs is not so strong, if they do
stay in Canada after graduation. And
since the Canadian taxpayer is paying for the graduate schools, I think
preference should be given to Canadian students."
The quarrel over whether Canadian universities should endeavor to
hire more Canadians is becoming
more and more of an issue on both
patriotic and economic grounds. The
GSA brief last year recommended
that, at the very least, the practice of
giving a two-year income tax holiday
to foreign nationals be reassessed; a
minority recommendation asked that
tenure not be given to non-citizens
of Canada. Other groups have asked
that Canada adopt policies similar to
those of the United States, whereby
prospective employers must prove
there is no one in the United States
capable of doing the job in question.
The argument hinges on the questions of faculty mobility and faculty
excellence. "We have to have the
freedom to choose," says Prof. Armstrong. "Everything else being equal,
I think I would hire a Canadian, but
we must have that choice." At the
base of this argument is the fear that
faculty chosen for qualifications of
6
Are these people
really as useful as
their PhD degrees say
they should be?
birth or citizenship are not necessarily chosen on academic qualifications as well. But those who favor
open hiring over a closed shop are
aware of the problems it can cause.
"My inclination is to get the best
person for the job," says Dr. Moyls,
who admits he is pulled both ways in
this situation. "But the objection
among graduate students is that this
doesn't happen all the time, that the
existence of the 'old-boy' network
ensures that it doesn't. While on the
one hand we want to get the best
possible people to be professors, on
the other hand, we can't leave the
graduates of Canadian universities
high and dry."
The question of foreign content
also crops up in the context of the
job market in industrial research in
Canada. Suggestions have been made
that foreign companies, with head
offices in their home countries and
only branch plants in Canada, tend to
do most of their research at home.
But if past experience is any indication, foreign ownership in this context is a non-issue since Canadian-
owned companies spend a smaller
proportion of their profits on research in Canada than do foreign-
owned companies. And while regulations setting out the proportion of
profits that must be used on research
and development might help, there is
a more fundamental problem involved here and in other parts of the
PhD job situation.
Prof. Armstrong points out what
he considers the basic aspect of the
problem: "From the point of view of
society, this shortage of jobs for
PhDs may be quite a good thing.
Perhaps the people we're graduating
will now have to take a broader view
of employment, take an interest in
society as a whole and not just in
their particular narrow area. The
people we are producing have a
highly narrow view; they are extreme
specialists in one part of their field.
The question is, 'Are these people
really as useful as their degree says
they should be'? Instead of training a
man to do work in physics or chemistry, we are training him to work in,
say, metallo-organic chemistry. Well
there's only one job in all of Canada
in that field."
Professor Armstrong suggests that
when doctoral students claim they
can't get a job, they really mean they
can't get exactly the job they want, in
the precise field in which they did
their graduate research. "They
should be more flexible," he argues.
The facts seem to underline this
argument. Seventy-five per cent of
the graduate PhDs go into university
teaching; another large group go into
fairly specific research with government. It's fashionable in graduate
circles to look down on the graduate
who goes into industry, to suggest
he's just there for the money and has
abandoned "pure" (and therefore
"better") research.
This year, the National Research
Council made a small effort to counter this trend by offering industrial
post-doctoral fellowships where the
NRC would pay the salary of a PhD
graduate for one year's research in
industry. Despite the tight job situation, the NRC received only 25 applications; only 18 were from acceptable candidates.
It's inevitable that a growing number of PhDs will have to find work
outside the universities. And most of
the jobs outside universities need a
broadness of approach the present
doctorate programs are unlikely to
engender.
The fact that more and more
regional colleges are springing up
across the country also demands a
broadening of the PhD if people with
doctorates want to teach at the college level. Colleges tend to be far
more concerned with teaching than
with research. Chartered?
A Chartered Accountant is a member of a professional body governed by a strict code of
ethics, requiring of him high standards of competence, integrity and service. To qualify as a
Chartered Accountant he must complete a
lengthy period of practical experience and instruction with a firm of Chartered Accountants
in public practice. He must undertake a special
course of studies and pass comprehensive examinations. He must adhere to the Chartered
Accountants Act and the Code of Ethics, Rules
of Professional Conduct and Regulations of The
Institute of Chartered Accountants of British
Columbia. He will probably have a university
degree. You can rely on his integrity whether
in industry, government, education or public
practice - in all matters relating to accounting
services, auditing, business and tax advice, office
management procedures, data processing and
other areas of finance.
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia It has been suggested at Science
Council that the whole method of
educating graduate students needs
broadening, says Prof. Armstrong.
"And I think the broadening will
have to start with the faculty. They
graduated from the same sort of narrow system and now they are perpetuating it."
What's suggested, in short, is that
society take a close look at the theory
of graduate education, and decide
what it wants. It's possible that some
other method of broadening education may have to be developed. "We
have to consider the cost of producing PhDs," says Dr. Moyls, "and
ask, if they are not destined for
specific jobs, are they worth the cost?
We have to decide what is the best
sort of education." It's a worthwhile
question because estimates of what it
costs to produce a PhD range to
figures in excess of $100,000 with
the federal government paying 70 to
90 per cent of the cost.
Until such a re-evaluation is made,
there are short-term ways of alleviating the job-shortage problem,
most of them involving better communication. "I don't think any serious,  bright student should be  de
prived of the chance to try graduate
school," says Dr. Moyls, "but I do
think he should be made aware that a
PhD is no longer necessarily a guarantee of a job."
Already the rate of enrolment increase at UBC's graduate schools is
decreasing. In 1968 graduate enrolment rose 26 per cent over the previous year; in 1969 it was up only 9
per cent. It is expected to increase by
6 per cent this year and by 5 per cent
next year.
Prof. Armstrong also suggests the
efforts to bring educated immigrants
into the country should be halted.
"Canadian Immigration is painting
an awfully rosy picture of the job
situation here," he says, "despite reports of a job shortage for these
people. They should not be encouraging wholesale immigration at
this point."
Art Smolensky, among others,
suggests that Operation Retrieval,
started in brain drain days to retrieve
Canadians working in other countries, be halted immediately. "There's
not much point to bringing people
back if we can't get suitable work for
people who want to stay," he points
out.
The problem, it seems, has to be
attacked on a broad front. Cancellation of Operation Retrieval, reductions in immigration, advertising
of university positions, reexamination of graduate education — all appear to be necessary actions. Together, say those directly concerned,
they provide a more effective answer than the other panacea often
advanced, the launching of government manpower studies followed by
direct efforts to reduce the flow of
graduates in one field, while increasing it in another. Manpower studies,
after all, may be pretty, but they're
usually so hedged about by "ifs" and
"maybes" that they're little more
than educated guesses.
That's not to say that university
officials aren't concerned about a
possible waste of highly trained manpower. They are. But by their very
nature, stringent manpower policies
would take several years to take effect. And by then it could be a whole
new ball game. Or a whole new brain
drain. □
A former Vancouver Sun reporter,
Mrs. Rosemary Neering, BA'67, is
now  a  free-lance  writer.
Dollars delivered when most needed
The Canada Life Assurance Company THE UBC ALUMNI ASSOCIATION'S
Japan Expo 70 tour this summer
was a riot. Well, one night at least.
The day of our arrival in Tokyo,
Sunday, June 21, some of us heard
that Japanese university students
were planning a mass protest in the
famed downtown Ginza shopping
strip that night. We thought we
should attend, and see how it compared with our local UBC faculty
club seizure or one of Simon Fraser
University's brouhahas. In the two
hours we attended the show there
was no sign of violence or even of
bad humor. The riot squads seemed
to have the situation perfectly under
control.
The students were protesting the
impending renewal by the Japanese
government of the defence pact
between Japan and the U.S. They
came from all the universities in the
metropolitan Tokyo area.
As a result of our inquisitiveness
we found ourselves, about 11 o'clock
that night, caught in a swirling mass
of 75,000 chanting, jogging, banner-
waving students. Confronting them,
in orderly rows along streets and at
every intersection, were what seemed
to be more than 1,000 heavily-armed
Wilf Bennett
policemen, complete with riot helmets, visors, Mayor Campbell-type
long billy clubs and four-foot aluminum shields. They looked like something out of Japan's samurai warrior
past.
But we couldn't help admiring
how orderly the whole "pageant"
seemed to be. It was almost as though
the whole show had been choreographed, with the storekeepers applying their plywood window guards,
the police arrayed in neat lines and
the protesters appearing right on
schedule in their eight-abreast phalanxes.
This was our only real look at
Japanese "education", although
every member of the party had the
experience of being stopped by earnest young Japanese college or high
school students eager for a chance to
converse in English and polish up
their skill with our language. Several
times I had Japanese students accompanying me on my rounds, at
Expo and elsewhere, practicing their
conversational English on me. It
worked both ways, for I was able to
learn much about Japan from them.
And all of us had the experience of
being stopped by Japanese students,
EXPO 70:
Multi-Media
Extravaganza
wt
■faf
Is
-!<• kJkix
rh:i&.lf>
It
.i-mjw"
**,•
Expo  70  ... a futuristic  world  experienced by  UBC alumni charter flight.
I
■-J>
it * f
imimn^mftn+l  niintin ^rf
'.««3!ti;:
. :-Ssi5»ifS|ii.B.7lf ?.„ }■»'■''.is;-"
^sar.i
'-''■■„   O  '' "'4^ ■Ji'^'"';-.^   ",'.i Day and night the Japanese
thronged to Expo with one
purpose: to discover, to learn. UBC
alumni found that the Japanese
showed little interest in the
amusement park, but Canada's
multi-mirrored pavilion (below)
was a big hit. Appropriately,
its theme was: discovery.
with requests for autographs, as
though we were VIPs or movie stars.
The earnestness of the Japanese
never ceased to impress us.
Expo 70 at Osaka, in particular,
was essentially an educational rather
than an entertainment experience.
Several members of our tour, in fact,
expressed disappointment that there
was very little fun at the fair. Expo-
land, the playland-gayway, was a
financial flop. The 200,000 to 400,-
000 Japanese attending the fair every
day were too busy seeking and absorbing information to waste time on
fun.
"They don't come to play," a top
official told me, "They come here to
learn—and they do."
As a result, the whole show struck
me as a giant multi-media demonstration rather than a fair. For this
reason, both the Canadian and B.C.
pavilions, which were centered on
ultramodern split-screen presentations, seem to be very successful.
The B.C. pavilion is under the
capable direction of John J. South-
worth, BA'53, formerly Executive
Secretary of the B.C. Energy Board,
as commissioner.
"I thought my main job would end
when the building was opened," he
told me over tea and apple juice
(B.C. style) in his office in the pavilion. "But every day is filled with
problems and activity." I was inclined to believe him when two braw
Scotsmen in full dress kilts strode
into his office while we were sipping
the apple juice. They turned out to
be John Russell, drum major, and
L. J. Devine, pipe major, of the
Powell River Highland Laddie Pipe
Band, and they had run into serious
trouble with Japanese customs and
immigration officers.
Japan has a strict law against importation of swords, and they had
nixed two big steel blades used in the
Scottish sword dance. Southworth,
with the aid of his feminine Japanese
language expediter, Haruyo Sadie,
were unsuccessful in their attempts
to classify the swords as musical instruments or toys, but finally got
them in on a special permit after
lengthy explanations and pictures of
the way they were used.
Probably because of their northern background, two of the most
intrepid explorers of out-of-the-way
byways and uniquely Japanese spots
were R. B. "Bill" Sergeant, BA'36,
proprietor of the new Hazelton
Inlander hotel and his 14-year old
son, Robbie. Bill's own father was the
pioneer skipper who piloted the Inlander boat up the Skeena River at
the turn of the century.
Bill and Robbie made their way
by subway, bus or cab to many
authentic Japanese spots where the
English language was virtually unknown. Bill, in fact, was one of the
few who learned a bit of Japanese
writing, thanks to a pictograph dictionary and a close study of pertinent
signposts, such as those designating
gate out (exit), toilet or Pepsi-cola.
Another intrepid explorer, probably with more risk, was Gordon
Walkinshaw, BSc'66. He led a small
group of young people on a side trip
to exotic Macao, the Portugese sin
trap, while his party was staying in
Hong Kong. Hirosaki Castle at cherry blossom
time . . . Built in 1610, the castle,
near Hirosaki City, is a popular
tourist attraction in blossom time.
A highlight for that section of the
tour party which made the swing
through Japan, Taiwan and Hong
Kong was sharing a hotel in Osaka
with Japan's Crown Prince Akhito,
Princess Michiko and their two sons.
The royal family visited Expo 70 the
same time as our party.
"It was an extra thrill for us," said
Stanley T. Arkley, BA'25, of Seattle,
who is the current president of the
Friends of UBC (U.S.A.) — the
group of alumni now residing in the
States who do so much to help the old
Alma Mater. Stan and his wife Rose
were favourably impressed with almost everything on the trip except
the bad smog in Tokyo, the "overestimated" Ginza shopping district of
the city, and a superfluity of shrines
and temples.
The smog and pollution did, in
fact, take some of the bloom off our
Japanese visit. We rarely saw blue
sky, due either to clouds, rain or the
industrial smog which seems to cloak
the whole area from Tokyo to Osaka.
Len Greenall, a Vancouver
builder who is active on the SPEC
executive here, was greatly concerned with the widely evident air
and water pollution, which the Japanese seem to regard merely as the
price to be paid to maintain competitive world prices for their exports. While we were there, however,
one mine manager apparently took it
seriously. Informed by a scientific
study team from the University of
Tokyo that his mine had polluted a
lake beyond the danger point, the
mine manager promptly committed
suicide. "Not exactly the B.C. reaction," said Len.
Among the chief delights of the
trip were the ever-present friendli
ness and helpfulness of the Japanese
people, the good looks and smart,
neat clothes of the children and the
very evident hard-working ambition
of the people.
Learning bits of the language was
a pleasure, and most of us could use
a few of the commonest words during our stay. There were problems in
pronunciation, however, on both
sides.
Some Japanese hotel clerk, for
example, had apparently taken a
phone message literally and phonetically so we were startled to see our
group labelled, on a big notice board
in the delightful Hakone mountain
resort hotel, as the THE B.C.
CHARTER FRIGHT TOUR.      D
Wilf Bennett is the education reporter for the Vancouver Province.
TRAVEL THE BCAA WAY!
For Business or Pleasure Trips
Anywhere in North America or
Around the World
COMPLETE 'ONE-STOP' TRAVEL AGENCY
SERVICE FOR GROUPS AND INDIVIDUALS
TICKETING . . .
FOR AIR, SEA OR LAND TRAVEL
CRUISES AND TOURS . . .
INDIVIDUAL OR ESCORTED
CAR RENTALS . . .
THIS CONTINENT OR ABROAD
PASSPORTS AND VISAS
BCAA WORLD TRAVEL DEPARTMENT
Kamloops New Westminster Prince George
Thompson Plaza 755 Sixth St. Spruceland Centre
372-9577 Vancouver 521-3791 Nanaimo 536-0417 Penticton
845 Burrard St. Northbrook Mall 302 Martin St.
682-4433 758-7377 492-7016
A MOST TRUSTED NAME IN TRAVEL
Victoria
1075  Pandora Ave.
382-8171
11 <14.
jlls&^M^ &- *-
OUR LONDON
EXPATRIATES
Clive Cocking
Long before TIME magazine discovered that London
was a "swinging" city, thousands of Canadians had been
there, tasted its delights and fallen in love with the
city. For London has always been a mecca for Canadians
with itchy-feet, whether tourists on a three-week
excursion, students spending a year abroad, businessmen
after their first million or ambitious, young people on
their way to the top. The Canadian colony has, in fact,
been a lively, not unnoticed element in the cosmopolitan
life of London. One thinks of Bernard Braden,
Mordecai Richler and, of course, Lord Thomson of Fleet.
But UBC graduates have also formed a prominent
part of the Canadian colony in London; currently about
200 are living, temporarily or permanently, in the city.
On the following pages the Chronicle introduces
you to three of our expatriates in London.
12
1
p*   RA
Peter
Snell
Grosvenor Square, sun-speckled
and still, seemed surrounded by
gleaming Rolls Royces, Mercedes
and Jaguars. Bright pennants fluttering from fenders, they lined the
curbs before the dark polished
doors of foreign embassies, trade
commissions and legations . . . And
through the trees, dominating the
square, the much-demonstrated-
against U.S. embassy. Massive.
White. Towering gold glistening
ea»le.  An  arrocant, nouveau riche o
3
0)
3
Peter Snell at Leicester Square
building jarring the settled symmetry
of its surroundings . . .
Yet it's along here, on Brooks
Street, that our rising young film
producer, barely seven films behind
him, has an office. Tn this very Establishment area. The film industry
has apparently been good to Peter
Snell, BA'61,~MA'62^ . .
Conventionally-dressed in a dark
wine sportcoat and matching tie,
Peter Snell, president of Folio Films,
stepped from behind a desk heaped
with paper to shake hands. Did I
know that his film, Julius Caesar,
starring Charlton Heston and Sir
John Gielgud, is a big hit in Japan
of all places? "It's now taken the
record in Tokvo for attendance—
it's even beaten Bullitt" Why?
"Something to do with the Japanese
fascination with the political theme
and with people falling on their
swords and that sort of thing."
With Julius Caesar, a $2 million
Commonwealth United Films production. Snell has suddenly become
one of the really hot young producers in the industry. "Caesar was
frankly the turning-point in my
career as a film producer, because
it's a tough old business to break
into. I got lucky because Heston
suddenly said. 'Yes I want to do a
Shakespeare." And if you get Heston
agreeing lo do something for you,
suddenly you arrive—everything
falls into place."
Snell linked his hands behind his
head and leaned back in his chair.
Relaxed. Quietly pleased with having made it. Yet, in reality, he had
practically drifted into the business.
"Most of the guys I went to school
with got involved in big companies
after university. I. just by a stroke
of fate, came to Europe immediately after graduation and fell in love
with this town. And I thought, 'to
hell with it, this is where I want to
live, now what do I do here?" "
Joining some British corporation
at $125 a week was out. But what
other option was open? Fortunately,
luck came his way at a party when
he met Russian-born ballet dancer
Rudolf   Nureyev   and   they   got   to
13 talking about a documentary film
about his life and work. "I said,
'Frankly, I don't know a damn
thing about films, but I'll find out
pretty damn quickly and we'll do a
film.' And we did. And then I got
bitten—that was four years ago."
Then, in 1966, Snell saw the
highly-praised Edinburgh Festival
stage production of Shakespeare's
The Winter's Tale, and, in another
gamble, persuaded the star, Laurence Harvey, to have it filmed. Snell
got Warner-Seven Arts backing and
the play was filmed as it was staged.
From there, Snell went on to do
three low budget action adventure
films to learn more about on-the-
floor production. In between he
found time to marry an English girl,
settle in St. John's Wood and become the father of two boys. But in
1968, he found himself idle and decided he had to go back to Shakespeare or starve. "So I sent Chuck a
cable, 'Would you like to do some
Shakespeare?' I knew that if I could
get him I could probably raise the
money. And to my utter amazement, 24 hours later came back a
cable saying, 'Yes, I will do Anthony in Anthony and Cleopatra,
Anthony in Julius Caesar, Hotspur
in Henry IV."
It sounds easy—but it wasn't.
Running his hand through his thick
dark hair, Snell talked about the
things that made it possible, like
persistence, hard work and, in the
first years, the confidence of Mrs.
Coles, a landlady who didn't turn
out her tenant when he became flat
broke after six months. "She was tremendous. She said to me, 'I'm convinced that you're going to have
money one day, so we'll forget the
rent for a while.'
"For three years I didn't pay any
rent—and she even gave me three
meals a day. But at the end of the
three years, only a year ago, I wrote
her a check for the rent. It was a
tremendous show of faith—I could
have done a moonlight flit—and
without her help I would have had
no chance."
After Caesar, Snell produced a
psychological thriller, Ask Agamemnon, starring Sir Michael Redgrave,
and this summer began work on
Shakespeare's Titus Andronicus, entering, for the first time, the creative
arena as director as well as pro-
14
ducer. He plans to go on to Anthony
and Cleopatra, with Heston continuing as Anthony, and then to do a
film about First World War action
in Africa, based on a novel he has
bought. And, branching out, he has
recently designed and built a complete mobile film unit—first of its
kind—which his company will be
leasing to film-makers.
As to the future? Well, he has
ambitious plans. For openers, a
spectacular on the life of Nelson. "I
have a script, but there's no money
available now. The film is budgetted
at about $8 million. It'll be made;
I'll get to it in a couple of years'
time."
He has another big ambition, one
which should interest Canadians: to
do an epic about Wolfe and Montcalm. "It's all right there . . . the
river, the cliffs, Quebec City." But
it will cost $3.5 million and the
Canadian Film Development Corporation won't invest more than
$300,000 in a film. In any case,
there's another problem. "I think it
would be a little difficult to get a
Canadian government agency to put
money into a film about Wolfe and
Montcalm because of the whole
French-Canadian thing." Snell paused. "But I'll make it some day
because it's really Canada's national
story."
John
Wardroper
A stubby, black taxi pulled up to
the President Hotel in Russell
Square and a tall, lean, bespectacled
man got out. John Wardroper, BA'
48, on his way to another day's research at the nearby grime-blackened British Museum, was stopping off
for a chat over tea.
Wardroper has a professorial air
about him, something from all that
mingling with Oxford dons at the
BM has apparently rubbed off on
him. He inclines to be tweedy in his
dress. There's that unruly shock of
hair. And his soft, precise, plainly
English accent. No one now would
point   him    out   as   a   Canadian.
Twenty-one years of living in Britain have erased the outward signs
of his Canadian roots. Not only does
he appear British, but apparently he
feels British.
Still there remains, on his part,
an informed interest in Canadian affairs. And while we waited for tea
in the hotel's red leather lounge we
talked about recent Canadian political developments. Ultimately the
conversation turned to why he had
become an expatriate. "Perhaps we
had a feeling then, in our generation,
that England was where things were
happening. It was the time when
Clement Attlee was prime minister
and it was interesting to come here
and see what was going on with this
quite different political set-up—this
was one naive idea one had in one's
mind. But also I like living in England; I like living in London. I don't
think I would enjoy being away from
London for a long time."
A backwater. Canada was not
where the really important things
were happening. It was a backwater
then and, in Wardroper's view, it remains so today.
Wardroper is keenly interested in
the ebb and flow of social attitudes
and has been indulging that interest
over the past year. A journalist by
profession—he was one of the crew
that ran the old Vancouver News
Herald—he is now on something of
a sabbatical. He had been chief
foreign sub-editor on the London
Sun until Australian millionaire Rupert Murdoch bought it out last
year and sent everyone packing with
generous severance pay. This past
year, Wardroper has been living off
this severance pay—and working
part-time as a sub-editor at the
Sunday Times—while researching,
editing and writing a couple of
books.
Love and Drollery, a recently-
published book he edited, grew out
of research he was doing for a radio
play which required 17th century
political ballads. He found himself
chuckling so much over the many
obscure ballads and poems uncovered in the British Museum that he
felt he had to gather together "a
selection of amatory, merry and satirical verse of the 17th century"
in a book. To Wardroper, the value
of the book extends beyond its capacity to amuse. "I think very often these relics of popular literature can
give you a closer feeling of what
life was like then than political records and that sort of thing."
That research led to another,
soon-to-be published volume, Jest
Upon Jest, a collection of some of
the earliest jokes. Wardroper discovered that many early jokes were
brought to Europe from the Near
East by traders, some being "very
modern-sounding wisecracks, others
being short tales of husband-and-
wife relationships." Many of the
Arabic jokes were translated by a
Spaniard and were used in the pulpit
by preachers, much like after-dinner
speakers, but with "morals tagged
on, or dragged in to justify the
joke."
One widely-read collection of
16th century jokes was put out by
the son-in-law of Sir Thomas More,
author of Utopia. "A lot of these
stories were certainly told in his own
household, around his table. More
was famous for being a witty, jesting
sort of man." Wardroper cited one
that was probably told by More
since it paralleled his personal experience. "One day, a man who
had married a widow notorious for
shrewishness was approached by a
friend. The friend inquired how he
was getting on with his new wife.
We get on marvellous well. How's
that? When I go out in the morning,
I'm happy to leave her and she's
happy to see me go; and when 1
come back at night, she's unhappy
to see me come back and I'm unhappy to come back."
Wardroper is working on yet another book: one about satire on the
Royal Family from mid-18th century to today. It spans an important
era in British history, an era when
the crown's right to impose ministers
on the country was being eroded
away. It was the era when the concept of the modern constitutional
monarchy was developing and out
of the political struggles flowed
much satire. "A lot of it was pretty
free stuff, attacking the private lives
and so on of the Royal Family. This
wasn't true so much of George III,
because he led a remarkably puritanical life producing 15 children
with his queen and none with anybody else as far as we know; but
when you get to George IV, from
a young lad on you get exactly the
opposite. Some people will perhaps
be interested in seeing what the ancestors of the present Royal Family
John Wardroper at the British Museum Patrick Keatley in Whitehall
were like and what people said
about them. Often what people said
about them was unjustified and
scandalously untrue; but also
equally often, it was not only true,
but they didn't know the worst of
it." Now that's the sort of history we
like—something with a touch of
scandal in it!
Patrick
Keatley
Patrick Keatley, diplomatic correspondent for The Guardian, strode
briskly into the office carrying an
enormous fat briefcase. It was 6:30
p.m. and I had been sitting in the
Guardian office reading and re-reading the newspaper for two hours.
Apologizing profusely, Keatley led
me through the paper-strewn newsroom to an office where we could
chat quietly. He had been detained
at Whitehall ... a sudden press
briefing on the official British reaction to the latest Middle East
crisis. . .
That's how it goes with Patrick
Keatley, BA'40. Barely 24 hours
back from a six-week swing through
Africa and he's plunged right back
into the thick of what he describes
as "the greatest news centre in the
world." It's a go-go life, but Keatley,
a genial, energetic man, thrives on
it. "I've never myself taken a pep
pill," he explains, "but what I know
is that news work is like a pep pill to
me. It makes my blood race, it
keeps me humming like a high-
pitched jet engine and to go away
from that for very long gives me a
feeling of letdown."
For Keatley it began 16 years ago
when, as a Vancouver CBC news
correspondent, he won a Commonwealth Press Union Scholarship for
two years' training-study with a
newspaper anywhere in the Commonwealth. He chose The Guardian
—and never went back. He never
returned home because of his fascination with having a ringside seat
on modern history in the making.
Keatley was there, at ringside, on
those days when the European Common Market was taking shape, on
16 that historic day when Western German Chancellor Konrad Adenauer
declared, "we are good Europeans",
cinching formation of the EEC, and
he was there when the British colonies in Africa began emerging as
independent states.
Yet after all these years, Keatley
remains intensely, proudly, Canadian. "I don't think I can drop my
tribal origins; I think I'm imprinted
all through with my Canadian origins—and I'm happy about that."
He still contributes to CBC news
programs and he follows closely developments in Canadian foreign
policy.
In his travels, Keatley has encountered at first hand many of the
results of Canada's quiet—and to
him—effective diplomacy. He cannot forget, for example, his visit to
the little-known Canadian-built
Warsack hydroelectric dam in Pakistan. "The Canadian engineers who
built the dam—one of the great
hydro projects in Asia—have left
behind a very quiet, subtle emblem.
It's an enormous concrete dam and
what they did was to make a maple
leaf, just an indentation, a kind of
bas-relief thing, in the concrete.
And as the moss grows and as it
weathers, it is gradually emerging as
a very pleasant green maple leaf
in the foothills of the Himalayas. A
tingle of pride goes down my spine
when I see those things."
It is this sort of development and
Canada's reputation for prompt help
when needed that has created a legacy of goodwill in the developing
countries. And Keatley is convinced
that without this goodwill on his recent trip, a taxi driver in Kenya
would not have turned a small town
upside down on a Sunday to get
him a new tire when he suffered a
blowout.
But Keatley is concerned that recently, under Prime Minister Trudeau, Canada seems to be beginning
to withdraw into a continental shell
—which he believes is wrong. It is
particularly wrong, at this stage in
history, to cut back on involvement
in Africa, which Keatley believes is
a potential volcano. It is perilous for
any western nation to neglect to
give vigorous, honest assistance to
black African nations in their struggle to uplift themselves economically
and to free their brothers in Rho
desia and South Africa from white
domination.
For Africa is up for grabs. While
Canada has had a creditable record
so far on race questions in Africa,
many western nations have been sitting on the fence. And the most
notorious wafflcr, to Keatley, has
been Britain. There is, however, no
waffling on the part of Russia and
China—the African leaders know
exactly where they stand. So Keatley
argues that it's vital that the West
follow more forthright policies on
race in Africa. "The game will go to
the Marxists unless western countries show conscience and get involved in things that don't directly
pay off in sales next week. You
know, the Communists never sleep
—I don't want to sound like a Republican senator—but they are devoted to their cause, which is a takeover thing."
Keatley points out, for example,
that it is no accident that the biggest
Chinese aid project in Africa is a
$275 million railway stretching
1,000 miles from Dar-cs-Salaam into the heart of Zambia. "They aren't
doing this for fun. It's part of the
logistics of the future military campaign; it'll carry the heavy stuff for
the campaign against South Africa."
Already southern Tanzania is dotted
with guerilla camps—Keatley has
seen the air photos—where black
guerrillas are being trained on Russian and Chinese weapons by Chinese instructors for the coming war
of liberation.
There is, to Keatley a strange lack
of drive on the part of western nations to help the Africans and to
keep them in the camp of western,
democratic states. The intensity of
the eastern bloc effort is, in contrast, astounding. Russia and China,
for example, spend 24 times as
much as the West on radio broadcasts to Africa, flooding the air with
programs in English, French, Swa-
hili and all leading African languages. "I know their voices by heart,"
says Keatley. "There's the woman
from Peking, for example, who has
this slight American accent and who
greets you when you turn on your
transistor. I've heard her in India, in
East Pakistan, in Africa. These are
the ones that never sleep and this is
why I believe Canada and the West
must stay awake." □
GREAT
CONCERTOS
another low-cost series with
the VANCOUVER SYMPHONY
ORCHESTRA
featuring
YEHUDI MENUHIN
MEREDITH DAVIES • LOUIS
KENTNER • ZDENEK MACAL
MARTIN TURNOVSKY-
ARTHUR OZOLINS
3 Concerts
five concertos by the
world's greatest composers:
mozart * Schumann ■ bach
brahms ■ elgar
October 24
November 10
December 19
only $6,9 or 12
for all 3 glorious concerts.
For full programme information call 685-6161;we will
send you a brochure.
Tickets NOW* at the Vancouver Ticket Centre or
charge at any Eaton's store.
'Last Spring this concerto series
sold out in 10 days so HURRY
for the best seats.
VANCOUVER SYMPHONY
ORCHESTRA
All travel arrangements for visiting
artists made by CPAir.
Bcp
Air
17 fVFECTIONEf
Trevor Lautens
Crepe Suzette
&
Cockroaches
WHEELCHAIR REGGIE Wasn't
around when we came to call.
In the heavy, fetid gloom there
was a shape — a shape made out of
some kind of crushed material,
vaguely recognizable but at the same
time impossibly foreign.
"Gone to hospital," said the shape.
It grew, yellow and bent, from the
terrible concrete of a warehouse
loading platform between the railway
tracks and — unimaginably few
yards away — the joyous street. At
dawn this shape might become a human being, but now this was its place
and this was its doomed form. . . .
Wheelchair Reggie, the man we
were looking for, is legless. Like the
shape, he spends the night — "sleep"
suggests a state kinder than he could
possibly experience in that worse-
than-prison — on this same harsh
concrete loading platform. Winter
and summer. At least this was so
until he went to hospital.
Sometimes, pitiable though he is,
legless in his wheelchair, he pretends
to be blind too. "But watch his face
move when a miniskirt goes by," said
Doue Fabian. . . . Douglas Fabian, born May 14,
1934, in Saskatoon, Saskatchewan,
educated to Grade Six, resident of
the annex of the Hotel Europe, 43
Powell Street, was one of my guides
through Skid Road/Gastown.
Yes, it is a place of two minds,
separated by something no thicker
than that oblique stroke. On one
hand, cockroaches, bay rum, and a
little help from the missions (Beulah
Mission, perhaps, or the Three Sisters, or the Sunshine, or Emmanuel);
on the other hand, soap, success, and
(if you can bear to wait in the line-up)
an indifferent pasta at the explosively
successful Old Spaghetti Factory, a
minute's walk down Water Street
from Doug Fabian's $40-a-month
room in the Europe and three minutes from the loading platform where
Wheelchair Reggie spends his nights.
There, but for the grace of God .. .
Gastown can say that to Skid
Road, and Skid Road can say that to
Gastown.
Doug Fabian, pick and shovel
worker, brown straight hair, lacking
a couple of upper front teeth, healthy
glow of eyes and complexion, slight
prairie twang despite nearly two decades of living in Gastown-nee-Skid
Road, is completely lacking in sentimentality.
He is a totally honest man, speaks
in flat phrases innocent of effect or
pretence, and makes no excuses. If
he were to articulate a philosophy, it
might be simply that the world is no
better or worse than it deserves to
be....
On Water Street with its beards
and beads and bangles and sandals,
where rose-lipped life goes by distorted as if through a huge granny-glass,
Doug Fabian said evenly: "A lot of
these businesses will die by a natural
process of elimination."
He is, of course, no more touched
by this prospect than he is about the
lowest dregs of Skid Road, for whom
he feels no twinge of middle-class
guilt and responsibility for the very
good reason that he does not belong
or aspire to the middle class.
"Now a lot of these smaller places," said Doug, "survive on the spinoff of a few bigger ones, like Trident
and the Old Spaghetti Factory." He
used the word spin-off, this shrewd
and emminently survivable Grade Six
dropout, with easy familiarity.
"Over the winter," he said, "you'll
see that some of these smaller businesses will change hands, some maybe twice. The Gastown Saloon here"
—we happened to be in front of it,
an evidently popular malt shop and
snackery with a surprisingly uncool
hey-pardner pitch aimed at teeny-
boppers—"it'll make it. So will the
pancake house. . . ."
Uproarious. And spoken without
a trace of facetiousness. He was referring to La Creperie.
La Creperie, on Alexander Street
across from Doug Fabian's room in
the wedge-shaped Hotel Europe,
once one of the city's finest and begging for restoration to its former
mock grandeur, specializes in crepes,
which to a good plain man like Doug
are pancakes by any other name.
La Creperie is intimate, its food
and service are excellent, its prices
are deliciously low, and there is a
fierce dip in the sidewalk a few doors
west of it which can just about throw
you on your head.
A few yards further west of the dip
is the heart of Gastown/Skid Road,
the corner of Water and Carrall
Streets, where a young businessman
named Larry Killam started it all in
1968.
At the corner stood a disreputable
hostelry originally called the Alham-
bra. It had fallen on evil times and
was operating under the name and
style of New Frisco Rooms when Killam bought it. He evicted its largely
unsavory clientele, threw out 40-odd
hypodermic needles which they had
cunningly concealed about the premises in order to frustrate the efforts
of the drug squad, and banged its 40
dis ntegrating rooms into 27 new
ones, which he rented to beautiful
young people.
They are there to this day, still doing some restoration, and there is a
pleasant common room, and bathtubs bearing artificial flowers, and a
message on the bulletin board from
some helpful soul offering to provide
birth control information. .. .
Wheelchair  Reggie  wasn't
around when we came
to call  ...
19 Lawrence Hebb Killam was born
on St. Patrick's Day, 1939, in Vancouver. One grandfather, Thomas
Carlyle Hebb, for whom the Hebb
Theatre is named, came from Chicago to set up UBC's physics department; the other, Lawrence Killam,
was a professor of mechanical engineering at UBC.
Larry Killam himself graduated
from UBC (BA'65, fine arts and
English) and then wandered the
earth for a couple of years, hitchhiking from Singapore to London. He
spent five months in Yorkville, Toronto, where he formed some of the
ideas that inspired Gastown.
He makes no claim to superior
foresight. "The city of Vancouver,"
he said, "has a lot of missing teeth.
There's much to be learned from
other cities... ."
One day, over a friendly beer in
a Vancouver beer parlor, a real estate man confided to Killam that he
might just be able to pick up a Cordova Street edifice known as Boulder
Rooms, which had been on the market IVi years at $47,000, for only
$19,000. Killam accepted.
Whereupon the salesman, Killam
recalled, "was congratulated from
one end of the business to the other
for having unloaded the white elephant of the decade." Recently a
would-be purchaser of the Boulder,
now renovated and opened in September as a hostel like the reborn
Alhambra, didn't bat an eye when
Killam mentioned the figure of
$125,000.
Today the Town Group, of which
Killam is president, owns eight Gas-
town/Skid Road properties with a
total investment of $400,000. The
whole area has attracted about 95
new enterprises and, Killam estimates, more than $2 million in investment. . . .
Gastown/Skid   Road  has
attracted 95 new enterprises
and more than $2 million
in investment...
20 But of course Killam wasn't the
first to see the possibilities of the area.
The first was John Deighton, who established his Globe Saloon at what
is now Water and Carrall Streets in
September 1867, and instituted an
exploitable legend with his talk which
led to his nickname Gassy Jack. Thus
Gastown, the settlement that grew
up around his saloon.
He took ill in 1875 and on May 29,
according to the admirable research
of Raymond Hull, his big mastiff began to howl. Jack, lying in bed,
growled, "You son of a bitch; there's
something going to happen." Jack
died that night, aged 44, leaving a
net estate of $304.89	
Today memorials are raised all
around to Gassy Jack's enterprise.
They have names like Cost Plus,
Kcgo, Pier 1, Labyrinth, Mom's
Homemade Bananas, Metalmorpho-
sis, the Antique Flea Market, Jelly
Beans for Jeans, and Trident Imports
where on August 8 at 7:11 p.m.
someone squeezed a very loud bulb
horn which scared hell out of a small
plump girl.
Gastown/Skid Road has its own
paper, the Gastown Gazette, and is
home to two others, the Georgia
Straight and the Yellow Journal. A
radio station in distant New Westminster capitalizes on its name. Gastown has art (like the Mary Frazee
Gallery), an art gallery with theater
(Galerie Allen), and a growing number of enterprises bearing signs lettered in Wild West Gothic. Jack
Deighton would have been proud... .
Some Gastown enterprises are run
with an easy hand. One, The Ironmongers, located temporarily on
Gaoler's Mews, alleged site of the
city's first jail, bowed out on this
pleasant note fastened to the door:
"We are very sorry but due to the fact
that we are closing at the end of this
month we won't be maintaining very
regular hours. Thank you all for your
patronage. Bye". . . .
Photographs by VLAD
Jack   Deighton   would   have
been proud . . .
A few steps away on Gaoler's
Mews is an outdoor dining court attached to Le Petit Montmartre, a
charming but perhaps misplaced
touch in a heavily-shaded area of a
city where summer evenings are
usually cool. Inside a gently and delicately unobstrusive guitar helps one
forget, if you are like me, one's vague
antipathy toward French restaurants
away from their homeland. . . .
Nearby is Blood Alley.
This alley, broadly U-shaped and
connected at each end with the much
less ominous Trounce Alley, was the
site of many legendary Skid Road
brawlings. Doug Fabian said the police used to lie in wait around the
bends in the U for troublemakers.
Pat Fergusson, the second of my
good guides, pointed to an ugly depression beside an old block near the
western intersection of Trounce and
Blood Alleys where the roughed-up
body of a woman had been found a
few weeks before. . . .
Pat is an unnervingly intelligent
young woman employed by the Company of Young Canadians as community development worker for a
group called Residents of Gastown—
the people who lived in the area before redevelopment struck.
Doug Fabian, day laborer and
man of shrewd good sense, acts as a
kind of liaison legal adviser to the
group, which has a canteen-cum-lib-
rary called The Dugout just east of
the Hotel Europe.
Pat is intensely concerned for
these people. A solid case can be
made that they've been uprooted,
pushed around and made strangers
in their own part of town—you discover that the territorial imperative
operates just as much in the seedier
streets of Skid Road/Gastown as in
Kerrisdale or Shaughnessy. And the
rents go up. About 200 residents are
said to have been evicted by redevelopment. . . .
21 About the same size
as a cell   ...
Alderman Harry Rankin, BA'49,
LLB'50, speaking this summer at
an open-air meeting of the Downtown Tenants Association at the
foot of Carrall Street, said one
decaying block of 51 suites rented
at $50 a month was earning 30 to
40 per cent per year on the investment.
He called for witnesses to the scandalous rise in rents in the area.
Whereupon a tall, shambling, saturnine man wearing a cowboy hat stepped forward and testified that he was
paying $70 a month for a single
room.
"And how big is it?" Rankin
asked.
The man, who had returned morosely to the crowd, shouted back:
"About the same size as a cell."
The audience loved it. Skid Road/
Gastown has its own special sense
of humor....
Gastown has a Karate studio, and
among the thoughts for reflection for
students on a sign on the wall is this:
"A person's heart is the same as the
heaven and the earth"....
At the corner of Abbott and Hastings, on Gastown's border, three ladies approached and Doug Fabian
greeted them with elaborate mock
charm: "Good evening, ladies, and
how are you tonight?" The ladies
smiled genially in return.
Alas, appearances do often deceive. A close look on my part—
Doug, of course, had detected the
reality at once—revealed that these
were no ladies at all but a trio of drag
queens, gentlemen all got up to make
themselves look like ladies.
Truth/reality, Gastown Skid
Road ... it is all a bit of a lark, and
not to be taken too seriously in this
vale of tears. Which is a fairly easy
observation to make if you are not,
say, Wheelchair Reggie. □
Trevor Lautens is Page Five editor
and a weekly columnist with The
Sun.
22 Ian MacAlpine
Now i ask you, is a university
campus any place for grown
men to be spending their time feeding
booze to bugs? I remember when, as
kids, we put beer in the cat's saucer
and thought the result was hilarious.
But shenanigans like this in the heart
of the academic community?
It happened, sure enough, here at
UBC.
A forest scientist collaborating
with a former student discovered—
exactly how is still a bit hazy—that
the fir boring beetle, foe of Douglas
Fir logs, is an alcoholic, and thus
produced a major advance against
a serious threat to British Columbia's
multi-million-dollar forest industry.
The industry is better able to prevent
damage to stored logs now that it
knows that boozy bettle can't stay
away from the alcohol produced by
rotting bark.
This is one of the happenings the
people at the UBC Faculty of Forestry like to recount when they tell
you about the quiet revolution that
has been going on inside the redbrick walls of that big, new building
at the south end of Main Mall, fittingly named the H. R. MacMillan
Building.
So thorough has been the change
that pre-1965 forestry graduates
probably would be bewildered by
many of the proceedings going on
now at their Alma Mater. Approximately half the curriculum is new and
continually changing.
"We're shifting with the times and
the need," says Dr. Joseph A. F.
Gardner, the internationally-known
scientist who heads the faculty.
"There has been an explosion in
knowledge and technology in the last
10 or 15 years and we've been upgrading and modernizing the curriculum over the past several years."
The key words now in forestry are
"multiple use." In B.C. the forest
may be king, but it must share the
Forestry^
Quiet Evolution Forestry research associate Dr. Laszlo Paszner has discovered that kraft pulp mill
odors can be eliminated by gamma irradiation. Above, Dr. Paszner injects sample
of the foul-smelling compounds, mercaptans and sulphides, into gas chromatograph
for analysis of effectiveness of gamma irradiation.
court with wildlife, fisheries, recreation, parks, grazing and water production, all of which are legitimate
land uses which often conflict with
exploitation of the timber resource.
This means the faculty must train, as
it is, economists, biologists, hydrol-
ogists and people expert in other
fields as well if they are to keep the
multiple uses of the forest resource
in perspective.
Gone are the days when a forester
was, well, a forester, a fellow we
pictured as wearing a bright plaid
wool shirt and maybe a couple of
days' growth of beard who spent his
time jumping over downfalls as he
roamed the woods in search of the
ripest trees.
"The general public doesn't really
understand what a professional forester is," says Dean Gardner. "They
have an idea that he fights fires all the
time or runs around in hobnail boots
counting trees. But he's our forest
land resource manager, responsible
for maintaining our forest environment."
It's indicative of the changes in
forestry education that the dean himself is not a forester. He is a chemist,
a wood chemist, who before becoming dean of forestry five years ago
was head of the federal Forest Products Laboratory in Vancouver. And
he describes forestry as a "conglomerate," a multi-discipline training
24
using the sciences to achieve practical ends.
This scientific base is amply illustrated in the faculty's curriculum.
For example, because seven undergraduate courses utilize an IBM 360
computer, students are required to
take a course in computer science.
They do operational research in
linear and dynamic programming,
which helps to solve complex timber
allocation problems. While experienced men are doing the job now.
often these techniques offer additional savings of time and money, factors
which appeal to industry.
The emphasis is on providing students with a broad education, reflecting the fact that forestry has become
a broad subject and not a discipline
by itself, and recognizing that industry and government want liberally
educated graduates. Where there
were a dozen faculty members a few
years ago there are now more than
30, including specialists in forest
soils, forest land classification, harvesting and watershed management,
to list just a few.
And the appearance on staff of a
specialist in reclamation of disturbed
land illustrates how up-to-the-minute
the curriculum has become, for only
recently has B.C. hosted industry
that changes the face of the landscape.
There are courses that teach stu
dents how to develop forest land for
recreation, to preserve and produce
fish and game, and to understand
forestry's impact upon the environment. Students still learn the basics
of forest firefighting and the construction and maintenance of forest transportation systems, but they also study
about things the modern age has
brought, like the manufacture of laminated wood and the use of the computer.
Research within the faculty has
mushroomed. A few years ago not 20
graduate students were engaged in
research. Now there are more than
60. The study that discovered the fir
boring beetle is an alcoholic is but
one of many faculty projects. Similar
studies are finding ways of curbing
the growth of the balsam woolly
aphid, another forest land pest, and
forest scientists are working on a
method of eliminating the obnoxious
odor from kraft pulp mills, a potential blessing for residents of a dozen
or more B.C. communities. Others
are involved in a 10-year study of
forest hydrology in the Greater Vancouver watershed, to ascertain what
influence vegetation and land use
has upon water yield and quality.
Another faculty member has developed a high-energy water jet that
can be used to cut timber.
What made this new kind of training necessary was a rapid change in
the forest industry itself, and the
competing pressures upon the forest
resource which resulted in the multiple use concept. What helped make
it possible was the establishment of a forestry option at the B.C.
Institute of Technology six years ago
for training forest technologists.
"Until that time it was all university
training," explained Dean Gardner.
"There was a sad lack of skilled
technicians and this meant in many
cases university graduates were being
used as technicians." With BCIT
furnishing industry with skilled "doers", UBC has bent its efforts to
produce "managers" and "planners".
Despite all this, the forestry faculty admits to one problem. There
aren't enough students entering forestry. Graduating classes in recent
years have averaged 50 to 60 students, and Dean Gardner says there
ought to be at least double that
number.
The dean cites two reasons for the
small enrolment. The faculty itself
has been preoccupied with acquiring
new staff and getting settled into its new building, which is shared by
Agriculture. And the public image of
the forester as a man who spends all
his time romping through the woods
hasn't encouraged too many would-
be foresters. But this, too, is about to
change. A campaign aimed at reflecting the forester's true image and enlightening young people about the
wide variety of careers open to the
professional forester will be started
shortly.
One hopeful sign that more public
interest already has been generated,
and yet another indicator of the forester's changing role, is the appearance of women in the forestry classroom. Four women are scheduled to
enter first year this fall, double the
number of women who have graduated from the school in the past half
century.
"Tradition has had it that forestry
was no place for a lady," says Dean
Gardner. "Only one or two have had
the courage to go into it in the past,
yet there are a number of excellent
opportunities for women. It isn't all
out in the bush. The modern forester
often spends much of the time at a
desk. And there are opportunities for
women in such fields as forest economics and research in forest genetics
and ecology.
Some forestry graduates go into
government service (the deputy minister and most other senior officials
of the provincial forest service are
UBC forestry grads) but the majority seem to prefer employment with
forest companies and consultants.
Last year, for example, the B.C.
government interviewed 21 graduating students, managed to acquire
five. One of the province's large forest companies interviewed 14, offered
jobs to all but one. The forestry faculty estimates that 60 per cent of the
graduates go into industry, the remainder into government and educational agencies. The average starting
salary for 1970 graduates was $640
a month.
It isn't surprising to learn, when
you consider the vastness of the B.C.
forest, that about 80 percent of the
approximately 1,000 UBC forestry
graduates have remained in the province, although a number of them,
engaged by Vancouver-based international consulting firms, have been
given assignments in Southeast Asia,
South America and Africa. One of
the successful stay-at-homes is John
Hemmingsen, executive vice-president, natural resources, of MacMillan Bloedel Ltd., one of North America's largest forest companies. Hemmingsen recalls that when he graduated from UBC in 1937 the forestry
school had two professors and he was
the only student.
the money
planner
A True Savings Account, paying
an attractive interest rate, helps
you plan your way to the things
you want — gives you a firm grip
on what you have.
A low-cost True Chequing Account
provides monthly account
statements and free
personalized cheques.
Get your money planner wallet at
tt
Bank of Montreal
Canada's First Bank
25 '■II "'■:
His company is one of many that
keeps an eye on the forestry faculty
for corporate recruits who hopefully
will rise to top administrative positions in the company, as he has done.
M & B, he says, is looking for a
liberally-trained forester capable of
coping with business management.
"This is our goal," Hemmingsen
says. "A specialist has less chance of
getting out of his field and getting
into top management; That's not
everybody's objective but we should
be preparing people for top administrative posts. If we're going to develop specialists, BCIT can do that."
This is precisely Dean Gardner's
view of the matter. Now that BCIT is
training technologists his faculty can
get down to the business of teaching
how to manage B.C.'s number one
resource. You get some idea of how
challenging that assignment is when
considering the many growing pressures from the public, and the private sector, too, for a share of forest
land for other uses, coupled with a
rapidly increasing demand for more
forest products.
lt has been estimated by government that between now and the year
2000 annual log production in B.C.
will increase from two billion cubic
feet to almost five-and-a-half billion
cubic feet; there will be a similar rise
in plywood production, and the production of pulp and paper will quadruple.
As the Federal Department of
Fisheries and Forestry observed recently, expansion of the industry
means expansion of the problems
that must be met in maintaining the
environment. And the professional
forester will be in the thick of it.
"There seems to be a general attitude in this province," says Dean
Gardner, a trifle irritated, "that we're
not really planning for the future and
that we're shortly going to use up all
our trees, and this is exactly wrong.
The whole forest service and profession is planning for the future."
He is impatient with "wild-eyed
preservationists" who would leave all
the forest a wilderness. He believes
that the forester, by converting mature forests to new forests, has generated the fodder for a living environment. The forester, he says, is always
looking to the future, often as far
ahead as 80 years, which is a forest
rotation  cycle.
There are other critics, too, who
question the location of the forestry
26
Tests by Dr. Paszner, top, right, with the Gammacell machine resulted in process
for killing pulp mill odor. Atomic Energy of Canada is now developing industrial
applications. Below, Dean Joe Gardner, left, and Dr. Bir Mullick, centre, study
unicam spectrophotometer results of research on the balsam woolly aphid. Dr.
Mullick is studying the defense reactions of trees to the blight.
faculty in Vancouver, claiming it
ought to be more proximate to up-
country forest operations. But the
dean says those people can't see the
forest for the trees. The reason it is
at UBC, he says, is because of the
inter-disciplinary nature of the curriculum which requires the faculty to
place considerable reliance upon
UBC's strong science departments.
The faculty's students and teachers
draw heavily upon the campus' library facilities and, additionally, Vancouver is headquarters for major forest companies and consultants. And
while Vancouver may sprout nothing
more than West End skyscrapers, the
forestry students have a first-class
outdoor laboratory close at hand in
the 13,000-acre Haney research
forest.
The UBC forestry faculty, located
"in the centre of the woodpile," as
Dean Gardner likes to note, is the
only one west of Toronto, and it is
indeed a mighty woodpile. In B.C.
there are 138.3 million acres or 58
per cent of the land classed as productive or commercial forest, roughly equivalent to the area of forest
land in the western United States,
where there are 11 forestry colleges
as big or bigger than UBC's.
Next year, when the faculty pauses
to mark its 50th birthday, it will look
back, briefly, to the early years, and
then ahead, as foresters must do, to
how to manage the forest environment. Q
A former Vancouver Sun legislative
reporter, Ian Mac Alpine is currently in third year law at UBC. Reunion
Day§70
Friday,
October 23
Men's Golf Tournament
Family Sports Jamboree
6:30 to 9 pm at the
War Memorial Gym
For information on any of
the above events contact
the Alumni Office, 6251 N.W.
Marine Drive, Vancouver 8,
B.C. (228-3313)
Saturday,
October 24
Open House at Cecil Green
Park from 10 am to 4 pm
UBC Thunderbirds take on
the University of Victoria
rugby team, 2:30 pm at
Thunderbird Stadium
In the evening—Class
Reunions for'20,'25, '30,
'35, '40, '45, '55 and '60.
Additional information on
the individual reunions will
soon be on its way to each
participating class.
AV.VX   .
■as*i* *;:
p—
■„ F£rro-s
alumni
•news
'Critical Path'
For Alumni
THE  UBC  ALUMNI  ASSOCIATION   and
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education are co-sponsoring a new town-
gown lecture-discussion series being
offered this fall.
Entitled, "The University and Its
Teachers: Along The Critical Path",
the series is designed to afford alumni
and interested members of the public
with informal occasions for dialogue
and meeting with outstanding UBC
teachers. The faculty participants will
include winners of the Master Teachers Award or Certificates of Merit
which were recently established at
UBC to honor excellence in teaching
on the campus.
The program is being offered on
six Tuesdays, beginning October 13,
from 8-9:30 p.m. at Cecil Green
Park, 6251 N.W. Marine Drive,
UBC. The registration fee is $9 single
or $15 for husband and wife. Information and registrations can be obtained from the Centre for Continuing Education, University of B.C.,
Vancouver 8, B.C. (phone 228-
2181). The following are the lectures
offered:
• Oct. 13, "The University And
Its Teachers", Dr. Walter
Young, Head, Department of
Political Science;
• Oct. 20, "On Man, Play And
Art", Prof. Sam Black, Professor of Art, Faculty of Education;
• Oct. 27, "The Student Builds
His Syntopicon: A Teaching
Strategy", Dr. C. J. Brauner,
Professor of Philosophy, Faculty of Education;
• Nov. 3, "The University And
The New Music: Updating
The Critical Ear", Mr. Cortland Hultberg, Associate Pro-
27 Thunderbird
Play-by-play
Fall 1970
Basketball
All home games start 8 p.m. at the War
Memorial Gym.
Nov.      6   Grad Reunion at UBC
20 Saskatchewan at Saskatoon
21 Brandon at Brandon
23 Saskatchewan at Regina
27   Victoria at UBC
Dec.      4 Lethbridge at UBC
5 Alberta at UBC
7 Calgary at UBC
29-30 Portland State at UBC
Football
All home games start 2 p.m. at the
Thunderbird Stadium, with the exception of the Shrum Bowl — SFU game
which goes at 8 p.m. at Empire Stadium.
Sept.     12 Alberta at Edmonton
19 Calgary at UBC
26 Saskatchewan at Saskatoon
Oct.        1 Manitoba at UBC
10 Saskatchewan at UBC
17 Manitoba at Winnipeg
24 Calgary at Calgary
31   Shrum Bowl (SFU) at
Empire Stadium
Nov.      7   Alberta at UBC
Ice Hockey
All home games start 8 p.m. at the
Thunderbird Arena at the Winter
Sports Centre.
Nov.    20 Saskatchewan at UBC
21 Brandon at UBC
27-28 Victoria at Victoria
Dec.   4-5 Alberta at Edmonton
Rugby
UBC games at Thunderbird Stadium,
starting time—2:30 p.m.
Oct.     24   Victoria at UBC
(Reunion Days game)
Nov.    11   McKechnie Cup Semi Final
Dec.      5   McKechnie Cup Final
For further information on the McKechnie Cup matches, the Thunderbird
schedule in the Vancouver Rugby
Union League, or any of the sports
events listed above phone the Athletics Office at 228-2503.
fessor, Department of Music;
Nov.   10,   "Let's   Have   Less
Teaching and More Learning
Within The Applied Sciences",
Dr. C. Ronald Hazell, Associate Professor of Mechanical
Engineering,  Faculty  of Applied Science;
•  Nov.   17,   "On   Man   Understanding   the   Universe",   Dr.
Michael   Ovenden,   Professor
of Astronomy, Department of
Geophysics.
UBC President Walter Gage will
introduce   the   series.   Hosting   the
program  will  be  members  of  the
Alumni Association Board of Management.    Refreshments    will    be
served.
Course Explores
Options for
Women
want to change your way of living
ladies? The UBC Alumni Association and the UBC Centre for Continuing Education are offering you
a chance to examine how to do it
this fall in a new daytime extension
program.
Entitled, "A Matter of Choice:
Options for Women", the lecture-
discussion program is an expanded
version of the course "Authentic
Woman" offered last year. Participants will have the opportunity to
examine choices they make in their
life styles, the ways these may be
achieved, the advantages and costs
of alternative courses of action.
Topics include: approaches to
creative living, return to education,
work and careers, the new "career"
volunteer, and the practical considerations for combining these with
home responsibilities. Individual and
group projects, guest speakers and
small group discussions will provide
opportunities for expression and
clarification of personal goals and
ideas.
The program is being offered on
six Tuesdays, beginning October 6,
from 9:30-11:30 a.m. at Cecil
Green Park, 6251 N.W. Marine
Drive, UBC. The fee for the six
lecture-discussions alone is $15.
The fee for three optional psychological test sessions offered as a sup
plement is $25. Combined lecture
and test fees are $35. The class is
limited, so interested people are
advised to pre-register early at the
Centre for Continuing Education.
California Alumni
Plan Meetings
THE      ALUMNI      ASSOCIATION'S      fall
branch program will see UBC President Walter Gage dropping in on
one of the more active groups of
alumni: the Californians.
On Friday, October 16, President
Gage will attend an alumni branch
meeting in San Francisco. The following day, Saturday, October 17,
he will meet with alumni in Los
Angeles. In both meetings, Dr. Gage
will bring graduates up to date on
recent developments on the UBC
campus.
Two other fall alumni branch
meetings, involving different speakers, are in the planning stages, one in
Seattle and the other in New York.
Byron Hender, BCom'68, has left
the UBC Alumni Association to
join the University administration.
He has been appointed business
consultant to ancillary services. A
former president of the Alma Mater Society, Hender joined the
alumni association in 1966 as acting Alumni Fund director and most
recently was director of branches.
The association wishes him success
in his new position.
28 President Gage:
University Serves Entire Province
UBC's peripatetic president, Walter
Gage, addresses an alumni meeting
in Prince Geor°e.
ubc is what its name implies:
the university of all British Columbia. That was one of the key messages President Walter Gage brought
to an alumni meeting in Kamloops
early this past summer. "I want the
province to realize that the original
university in this province was the
university of B.C.," he said. "UBC
does not serve Vancouver alone, but
serves the province as a whole."
President Gage was speaking to
about 80 alumni in the Canadian Inn
in Kamloops. His visit was one of a
series held as part of a UBC Alumni
Association-sponsored program of
disseminating more information on
university affairs. Dr. Gage also met
with alumni groups in Prince George,
Kelowna, Penticton, Trail, Alberni
and Seattle, Washington.
In his Kamloops address, President Gage pointed out that the university has consistently endeavored
to produce graduates with skills
needed in the province and to be of
service through various research and
community projects. The university
is presently endeavoring to extend
itself into more fields of concern to
Canadians as, for example, ocean
engineering. Yet the university is
handicapped by inadequate financial
support.
President Gage said the university
was particularly short of capital
money and that, being the oldest university in the province, it deserved
grants for "obsolescent costs"—to
replace old, semi-permanent buildings. He said he was concerned by
the provincial government's approach to financing higher education.
"The only thing that bothers me is
that when times are good, the emphasis in government expenditures is
on material things," said Dr. Gage.
"The government said the next emphasis would be on education, but
now we're heading into a recession
and so we get left behind." Q
ESTATE
ADMINISTRATION
by your Trust Company
• As Executor of your Will
• As Administrator
• As agent for other Executor
or Administrator
PERFORMED   AT   ALL   TIMES
• Efficiently
• Conscientiously
• At appreciable savings
CO-OPERATIVE TRUST
COMPANY OF CANADA
16 East Broadway,
Vancouver 10, B.C.
Telephone: 872-7844
rt
Owned and controlled by Credit Unions and
Co-operatives in Western Canada.
(also SASKATOON, REGINA, PRINCE ALBERT and
SWIFT CURRENT, SASKATCHEWAN)
Federally Incorporated
Member of Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
rrm"
Export A
REGULAR AND KINGS
29 ft
!'
Dr. Robert Bell
"If the stars in his natal horoscope are any indication, Robert Bell
will be one of McGill's most popular
principals. Dr. Bell was born under
the constellation of Sagittarius, denoting a pleasant humanitarian disposition and, with the moon in Libra,
the sign of concord, conviviality and
good company. His astrological chart
indicates that he will enjoy success,
preferment and honor in the public
eye. In addition, he will be especially
compatible with students."
Well, it was bound to happen.
These are turbulent times for university presidents and someone at the
McGill News apparently thought it
wise to run an astrological check on
their university's new principal.
Wouldn't be good to have a star-
crossed principal now, would it? Not
with all the other troubles he's likely
to face.
In any case. Dr. Bell, who is a
graduate of both UBC and McGill,
clearly passed his horoscope test with
flying colors as he did all others to
become McGill's 12th principal.
Which is no mean achievement. Much
was asked for in the way of qualifications. Looking at the principalship
criteria, one McGill selection committee member remarked: "We seem to
be looking for someone who is a
combination of Jesus Christ and Genghis Khan." After reviewing 100
names, Dr. Bell was chosen by the
selection committee—of which he was
earlier a member—to succeed Dr. H.
Rocke Robertson.
Like his predecessor in the McGill
principalship, Dr. Bell hails from
British Columbia. Born of Canadian
parents in New Maiden, a suburb of
London, on November 29, 1918, he
grew up in Ladner, a small town 15
miles south of Vancouver. He took
honors mathematics and physics at
UBC, obtaining his BA in 1939 and
MA in 1941.
Dr. Bell began his career working
with the National Research Council
in classified research on radar development on a large farm outside
Ottawa. Today, he jokingly recalls
that, "only the taxi drivers and the
people at NRC knew what it was
about." After the war, he joined the
atomic energy project at Chalk River.
It was here that Dr. Bell made the
first serious measurement of deuterium's binding energy and opened
up an area of study which has since
blossomed into a major field of low
energy physics. He made the discovery while working on his PhD thesis;
he obtained his doctorate from McGill in 1948.
Since then, Dr. Bell has had a
distinguished scientific career. Currently a member of the famous Royal
Society of London for Improving Natural Knowledge, he is internationally-
known for his research into the design of sophisticated electronic devices and circuits to detect and count
nuclear particles.
The McGill phase of his career
really began in 1952 when he came
to the university to use the cyclotron
for his Chalk River research. In 1956,
he joined the McGill physics department, rising to become Rutherford
Professor of Physics and director of
the radiation laboratory in 1960. Dr.
Bell left McGill for only one sabbatical year, when he was invited in
1958 to study at the University of
Copenhagen's prestigious Nils Bohr
Institute of Theoretical Physics. He
became a vice-dean of arts and
science at McGill in 1964 and dean
of graduate studies in 1969.
To be principal of any large university today is a great challenge. In
becoming principal of McGill, Dr.
Bell faces two particularly serious
challenges, the shortfall in provincial
financial aid and the potentially-explosive question of McGill's role in
Quebec. Perhaps he can again take
heart from his horoscope: "Jupiter's
exalted position in Cancer, at birth,
signifies monetary luck and security."
20's
This year's meeting of the Agricultural
Institute of Canada honored two UBC
grads. On the 50th anniversary of the
Institute's founding the members paid
tribute to Frank E. Buck, BSA(McGill),
DSc'53, professor emeritius of horticulture at UBC, who, in 1919 first put forward the proposal of a society for professional agriculturalists. His resolution
founded the forerunner of the AIC. Professor John C. Berry, BSA'27, MSA'37,
PhD(Iowa), was made a fellow of the
institute, the organization's highest
honor. Dr. Berry retired last June as professor of animal science and is currently
in Barbados as a technical advisor on milk
production. A UBC faculty member for
over 35 years, he was cited for his contribution to agriculture in teaching, extension and research. . . . After thirty
years in the United States and a distinguished career in science, Guy Waddington, BA'28, MA'29, PhD(Cal. Tech.)
and Mrs. Waddington (Winnifred M.
Tervo), BA'29, have returned to Canada
and are now living in Victoria. In 1953
Dr. Waddington received the distinguished service award and gold medal, the
highest honor given by the U.S. Department of the Interior, in recognition of
his contribution to science and his leadership as a physical chemist and research
co-ordinator.
30's
Former UBC English department
head, Professor Roy Daniells, BA'30, PhD
(Toronto), LLD(Queen's), has been
elected president of the Royal Society of
Canada for the coming year. . . . Lawrence A. Lang, BA'32, has been appointed
associate director of manpower services
with the Travelers Insurance Co. in Connecticut. . Frank N. Hewetson, BSA'33,
MSc, PhD(Michigan State), was recently
presented with a 25-year service award
by Pennsylvannia State University. He is
currently professor of pomology at the
university's fruit research laboratory. . . .
In the gymnasium of Burnaby South High
School a large sign asked "Who is Fred
Pratt?" The 200 people in the audience
didn't need to be told that it was Frederick H. Pratt, BA'33, BEd'51, they were
there to pay tribute to him on his retirement from 46 years of teaching in B.C.
His career went from a one-room school
in Fife to the new Royal Oak High
School in Burnaby where he was principal
since  its opening  in   1966.
30 Robert Wallace Gross, BA'36. has
retired as manager of B.C. Hydro's corporate services division. His successor is
Charles W. Nash, BASc'42, former manager of the company's load development
division. . . . New head of civil engineering
at UBC is Professor Samuel L. Lipson,
BASc'36, MSc(Cal. Tech.). He is currently vice-president of the Association
of Professional Engineers of B.C. and a
fellow of the American Society of Civil
Engineers. . . . Canada's National Library
has a new associate director—Lachlan F.
MacRae, BA'36, MA'37. BLS(Washing-
ton). He comes to Ottawa from the University of Guelph, where he was chief
librarian  since   1965. Twice he has
acted as consultant to international organizations—for UNESCO in Egypt and
later with NATO in Greece. . . . Walter
R. Ashford, BA'39, MA*41, PhD(McGill).
is now assistant director of the Connaught medical research laboratories at
the University of Toronto.
40's
William F. Bentley, BA'47, is the newly
appointed general secretary at the Calgary YMCA. He was general secretary in
Lethbridge before moving to Calgary in
1963 as assistant general secretary. . . .
Ernest T. Rice, BA'47, PhD(Iowa), in now
on the staff of the board of education in
London, Ontario. He is working in the
area of psychological services as a specialist in curriculum development measurement Louis P. Starck, BASc'47,
has been appointed president and chief
executive officer of Giant Mascot Mines.
He has been with the company for 18 years
G. Allan Roeher, BA'48, BSW'49, MA,
PhD(New York), has been appointed
director of the National Institute on
Mental Retardation. The institute, located at York University, Toronto, is a
research, training and information centre
for both professional staff and volunteer
workers. . . This year's Jacob Biely Prize
for faculty research has been awarded to
Gordon M. Tener, BA'49, MSc, PhD
(Wisconsin). The award is based on an
assessment of research work over a three
year period. Dr. Tener, of UBC's biochemistry department, has developed
major new techniques in the isolation of
pure nucleic acids used in microbiology.
Lachlan MacRae
50's
James A. Banham, BA'51, intrepid
editor of UBC Reports now signs all
autographs with a solid gold pen. The
pen and a cash award were presented to
him by the B.C. Industrial Editors Association when UBC Reports was named
the best publication in its category. . . .
Mrs. Edward J. R. Boulter (Peggy McGregor), BA'5I, is now media director
with Walter, Ricks, Ehrig advertising
agency   in  Vancouver. .... Mac
Kenzie Charles Norris, BASc'51, has been
appointed regional manager of operations
in Vancouver for the PGE railway. ,
Mrs. John B. Urquhart (Elizabeth
Riley), BA'52, has been appointed assistant director of adult education in the
Chilliwack school district. She will be
planning and supervising the adult academic programs as well as the night school
operation. Last year over 3,000 people
participated in these programs. . . . Peter
Harnetty, BA'53, MA, PhD(Harvard), associate professor of Asian studies and
history at UBC has been elected president, for 1970-71, of the Shastri Indo-
Canadian Institute. The institute, funded
by Canadian foreign aid. sponsors research in India by Canadian university
faculty and graduate students.
Herman J. Fink, BASc'55, MASc'56,
PhD'59, has been appointed professor of
electrical engineering at the Davis campus of the University of California. But
Peggy Boulter
he's not to be found there at the moment
—he's a visiting professor at the Federal
Institute of Technology in Zurich. ... A
leave of absence from York University
has taken Douglas Killam, BA'55, PhD
(London), to Tanzania where he will be
professor and chairman of the department of literature at the University of
Dar-es-Salaam. He has taught before in
Africa—at Fourah Bay College in Sierra
Leone and in Nigeria.
The federal government seems to be
taking the Lib Ladies seriously. The Department of Labour is doing studies on
working women and their families and
the Civil Service Commission has had Dr.
Kathleen A. Archibald, BA'57, prepare a
study on women in the public service. Her
report. Sex and the Public Service takes
a look at the salaries and positions of the
service's 41,000 female employees. Her
conclusions were that while salary differences were caused by differences in
kinds of jobs, discrimination is the main
factor holding women back in the public
service. Dr. Archibald is a former Miss
Canada, and is now on the staff of the
Rand Corp. in California. . . . Former
Alumni executive member, David Helliwell, BA'57, has returned to Vancouver
to be executive vice-president, operations, for Steel Brothers of Canada. Previously he was general manager of the
company's Alberta operations.
Mrs. George A. Phillips (Delores J. La-
voie), BA'59, BLS(Toronto), is lecturing
at the University of Toronto library
school. . .Canada's newest national park,
Long Beach on Vancouver Island—with
High-powered growth funds are great- in theory.
Royal Trust ABC and M Funds are great. Period.
Spectacular go-go funds with the promise
of fast, overnight profits are great—if you
can afford the risk. However, in the management of our ABC and M Funds, wc
rely on competence, experience, dependability and sound judgment. And. surprisingly, these qualities still pay off where it
really matters — in performance. So if the
idea of a well-balanced investment package appeals to you — one that offers
maximum diversification and liquidity —
and yet is custom-tailored to suit your own
personal situation and requirements, give
some serious thought to our ABC and M
Funds. Better still, drop in at your local
Royal Trust office for a few facts and figures. Or mail us the coupon.
©Royal Trust
Assets under administration, over $10 billion.
THE ROYAL TRUST COMPANY
555 Burrard St., Vancouver 1, B.C.
Please send me complete information
on Royal Trust ABC and M Funds. I
understand there is no obligation on my
part.
Name 	
Address
31 Kathleen Archibald
super sand and surf—is now under the
supervision of George Trachuk, BSF'59.
Last year he was operations manager of
Jasper National Park.
60's
In the game of academic musical
chairs, Edwin R. Black, BA(West. Ont.),
MA'60, PhD(Duke), returns to the
Queen's University political science department after a year's leave of absence
in which he headed the research efforts of
the national Progressive Conservative
party. His replacement is a former journalist turned academic, Geoffrey T.
Molyneux, BA'63, MA(Toronto), who
has spent the last year as college dean at
Centennial College in Toronto. . . .
Chicago 70 —a new feature-length
film made by Kerry Feltham, BA'61, MA
(Stanford), has recently opened in six U.S.
cities. It has been adapted from the stage
play of the same name and is being distributed by the same company handling
I Am Curious (Yellow)—it's unclear if it
fits  into  the  same  genre,  though.   .   .   .
 Alfred J. Scow, LLB'61, has
taken on the duties of chairman of the
second review board of the Workman's
Compensation Board. He has recently returned from a federal government assignment as a consultant to the Amerindian
Lands Commission in Guyana If
you have ever wondered why the good
guys don't win you might talk to Gun-
nulf Myrbo, BA'62, PhD(Cambridge). His
doctoral thesis was on the rationality,
fairness and theory of games. A member
of the Royal Institute of Philosophy in
England, he has recently been appointed
assistant professor of philosophy at Pacific Lutheran University. ... A rechargeable, electronic pacemaker with a life-
expectancy of 20 years would mean a new
life to many heart patients—whether to
live a normal life or just to stay alive.
This is the aim of the research of G.
Frank Tyers, MD'62. recently appointed
assistant professor of surgery at Penn-
sylvannia State University. Dr. Tyers'
work on the totally implanted pacemaker
has been supported by the National Institute of Health and the Delaware
Heart  Association.
The first female member of the National Press Club in Ottawa is Mrs. David
Davidson   (Sue   Becker),   BA'63.   She   is
births
Allan Roeher
currently a Canadian Press parliamentry
reporter and wife of the club's new president—and that's pretty high powered
sponsorship. ... A former Ubvssev editor,
Michael W. Hunter, BA'63, LLB'67, is
now in Ottawa as executive assistant to
minister of justice, John Turner, BA'49,
BCL(Oxon). His predecessor, Richard
Hayes, LLB'65, has returned to private
law practise in Vancouver. For the past
two years Mike has been a member of
the Chronicle editorial committee. . . .
There's one more for Ottawa ... In late
October. Robin E. Leech, BSc'63, leaves
Edmonton to take up a postdoctoral fellowship at the entomology research institute at the Central Experimental
farm. . . Frank W. Millerd, BSA'63, MSA
'65, PhD(Cornell), will be teaching economics this fall at Waterloo Lutheran
University.
John L. Brcmmer, BSA'65, has been
appointed plant superintendent at the
Andre's winery in Port Moody. . . . The
Vancouver operation of Dunhill's, a national personnel placement firm, is now
under the management of Kyle R. Mitchell, BCom'65, LLB'66 and John Tan-
ton, BSc'63. For the past two years, Kyle
has been in New York as director of personnel for the National Student Marketing organization. . . . $750 million is a
nice round sum—and Caroline M. D.
Spankie, BA'65, MA'67, has the problem
of spending it. As the Prince Edward Island's first recreational planner she will
be using the federal money to expand the
island's recreation facilities and eventually make it a year-round tourist attraction. (How can P.E.I, lose with 1,100
miles of the warmest beaches north of
Florida!)
Three years in Paris are ahead for Mrs.
Pierre Duchastel, (Joan Curtis), BA'66.
Her husband has recently been posted
there with the department of trade, commerce and industry. . . . Gliding is the
only way to fly—according to Tony Burton, BASc'67. A captain in the air arm of
the Canadian forces, he attended the
1970 World Gliding Championships in
Texas during June as a member of the
Canadian team.
Lowering the price of eggs in Malawi
is one of the projects Glenn Hansen, BSA
'69 will be working on as a CUSO volunteer in East Africa. Before joining CUSO
he was with the federal department of
agriculture in the production and marketing areas of poultry products.
Andersen-Durrant. Askel J. Andersen,
BA'70 to Catherine J. Durrant, BA'70,
May 11, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . DeWit-
Dmytruk. John C. A. deWit. BCom'64 to
Halina Dmytruk, June 6, 1970 in Brussels. . . . Grant-Spicer. William N. Grant,
BEd'67 to Sue J. Spicer, BEd'68, June 19,
1970 in Vancouver. . . . Morris-Cryer.
Wayne David Morris, BEd'69 to Marilyn
J. Cryer, BEd'68, August 14, 1969 in
White Rock, B.C. . . . Scrivener-Scuda-
more. David L. Scrivener, BSc'64, MBA
'68 to Diane N. Scudamore, BSN'68, May
16, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . Smith-Wood.
Peter Smith to Sandra E. Wood, BA'64,
MA'67, January 3, 1970 in Hoddesdon,
England. . . . Srewart-Harmer. Capt.
Allan R. Stewart, BSc'67 to Sharon B.
Harmer, BCom'68, April 18, 1970 in
Vancouver.
marriages
Mr. and Mrs. Robert G. Auld, BASc'59,
(Diane Bowman, BEd'59), a daughter,
Joni Margaret, May 5, 1970 in Calgary.
. . . Mr. and Mrs. Sigurd G. Brynjolfson,
(Virginia M. Willis, BEd'67), a daughter,
Kristine Virginia, June 14, 1970 in Delta,
B.C. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Devlin Chatterson,
BASc'68, a daughter, Kim Jacquie, July
3, 1970 in Merritt, B.C. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
John M. Curtis, BA'63, PhD(Harvard), a
daughter, Catherine Esme Allison, April
26, 1970 in Washington, D.C. . . . Mr. and
Mrs. John M. Ferguson, (Anna L. Hamilton, BA'60), a son, David, April 1970 in
Toronto. . . . Mrs. and Mrs. Dennis J.
Gerace, BSP'66, a daughter, Megan
Louise, August 3, 1970 in Kelowna,
B.C. . . . Mr. and Mrs. John Goodwin,
BCom'61, MBA(UCLA), a daughter,
Galia Claire, July 7, 1970 in Montreal. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. William R. Gordon, BA'57,
MA'61, PhD(Calif.), (Zulette London,
BA'61, MAfCalif.), a daughter, Maureen
Zulette, May 2, 1970 in Victoria. . . . Mr.
and Mrs. John Greenway Hall, BA'57,
MA'60, a son, John Greenway, March 27,
1970 in Minneapolis. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
Louis Joubert, BASc'68, a daughter,
Desiree Juliette, May 24, 1970 in Fuller-
ton, California. . . . Mr. and Mrs. William
J. McMillan, BASc'62, MASc'66, PhD
(Carleton), (Theresa dishing, BEd'62,
MA'67) a daughter, Emma Lynn, May 30,
1970, in Victoria. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Barry
Markcl, (Karen MacWatters, BEd'65), a
son, David Glenn, March 6, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Brian R. Olund,
BSc'64, MA'67, a daughter, November,
1969 in Tel-Aviv. . . . Dr. and Mrs. Wayne
W. Steward, (Margot Slessor, BA'62), a
daughter, Tanis Brooke, April 15, 1970 in
Halifax. . . . Mr. and Mrs. John C. Ward,
BA'52, a daughter, Carolyn Ruth, March
31, 1970, in Montreal. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
David L. Wells, BSc'64, (J. Lynn Davy,
BA'65, MEd(Toronto), a daughter, Caris-
sa Elene. June 8.   1970 in Toronto.
32 deaths
Robert Dalton Affleck, BA'33, May 1970
in Vancouver. Mr. Affleck came to B.C.
in 1918 after service with the Canadian
Army in the First World War. Before
taking his teacher's certificate in 1925 he
worked at a variety of jobs, including a
period as a chicken rancher in the Gulf
Islands. He served terms as principal of
schools in Hedley and Princeton, where
he taught a course in basic geology to
prospective prospectors and miners. He
was principal of the University Hill
Schools in Vancouver from 1936 until his
retirement in 1958. He is survived by his
wife, son, sister and brother.
Peter V. Bishop, BA'53, MA(Toronto),
June 28, 1970 in Toronto. Mr. Bishop was
a member of the department of political
economics at the University of Toronto.
G. Clifford Carl, BA'30, MA'32, PhD
(Toronto), March, 1970 in Victoria. He
joined the staff of the Provincial Museum
in Victoria in 1940, resigning as it's director last December, to be curator of the
museum's Hall of the Sea. Dr. Carl was
well known for his writing and lecture
tours on sea life and fisheries, which took
him all over the continent. He is survived by his wife, Josephine (Hart), BA
'29,  MA'31,  PhD(Toronto).
Capt.   Robert   C.   Chambers,   BASc'49,
September 26, 1969 in Vancouver.
Donald Walter Granzeveld, BEd'65, 1970
in Summerland, B.C. He is survived by
his wife.
Wing Commander Victor Rowland Hill,
BASc'36, December 27, 1968 in Vancouver. He is survived by his wife.
Hugh Donovan Hughes, BASc'50, June
11, 1969 in Vancouver. He was a pilot
with Okanagan Helicopters and is survived by his wife.
Alan Duffil Hunter, BA'23, August 2,
1968 in Stephens, Arizona. Shortly after
graduation he left for Texas and a career
in the booming oil industry. He joined
the Humble Oil Co., first as an 'oil scout'
and later as 'land man' in charge of different areas of the company's operations.
Retiring after 33 years with Humble Oil,
he and his son established a consulting
firm in petroleum engineering and development. He is survived by his wife,
son, and brother, Robert, BA'24.
Charles Jordan-Knox, BCom'38, September 11, 1969 in Vancouver. After service
with the RCAF in the Second World
War, he returned to run the family firm,
Jordan's Rugs, with his brother. At the
time of his death he was chairman of the
company. He was a past president of the
Better Business Bureau and a former
member of the University Hill School
Board. In politics, he had been a candidate in both civic and provincial elections. He is survived by his wife, four
sons, two daughters, his mother and
brother.
Clifford Darton Kelly, BSA'22, MSA'24,
THE COMPLETE
CATERING SERVICE
for home, office,
plant, club, wedding, etc.
CALL US
731-8141
for that very special occasion
REGENCY
CATERERS
Distinctive Food Preparation
1626 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
If you
doiitdoit,
itworit
^et done.
GIVE THE IMJTED W«
Pacific
Between the two of us
we've a lot of good things going.
Fine quality products from
FRASER VALLEY MILK PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION
33 PhD(Cornell), February 14, 1970 in Edmonton, Alberta. In 1924, Dr. Kelly
joined the staff of the Fraser Valley
Milk Producers Association as their first
staff bacteriologist, leaving three years
later for graduate work in the United
States. Before his retirement he was on
the staff of the Pathological Institute at
McGill University.
Archibald McKie, BA'27, BEd'47, February 18, 1970, in Vancouver. He was a
teacher at Britannia Secondary School in
Vancouver and is survived by his wife.
TONI CAVELTI
717 SEYMOUR ST.
681-9716
PITMAN BUSINESS
COLLEGE
"Vancouver's Leading
Business College"
Secretarial    Stenographic
Accounting   Clerk Typist
INDIVIDUAL INSTRUCTION
Day and Night School
Enrol at any time
1490 West Broadway
Vancouver 9, B.C.
738-7848
Mrs. A. S. Kancs, P.C.T., G.C.T.
Principal
Lt. Col. William B. Millar, BA'38, January 8, 1969 in Winnipeg, Manitoba. After
service in the last war he attended staff
college in Canada and the United States.
Following headquarters duty in Ottawa
he was appointed commanding officer of
the RCAF advanced flying school in Saskatoon. In 1960 he was posted to Winnipeg as administrative head of the RCAF
station. He is survived by his wife and
daughter.
Margaret Jean Nichol, BA'37, June 2,
1970 in Vancouver. She retired in 1967
after a 40-year career teaching in the
North Vancouver school district. She was
an active member of the auxiliaries to
Lion's Gate Hospital and St. Andrew's
United Church. She is survived by a sister, a niece and a nephew.
William Robert Orchard, BA'49, MSc
(Oregon State), July 20, 1970 in Victoria.
For 25 years he was a plant pathologist
with the federal department of agriculture in Saanich. A few years ago he was
responsible for the success of the Great
Golden Nematode Investigation, he was
the first to identify the culprit—a tiny
rare worm that destroyed many acres of
crops. He later led the department's fight
against it. He was a member of the Agricultural Institute of Canada and is survived by his wife, two sons, a daughter
and a brother.
William Alfred Parker, BSc'40, July  14,
1969 in Montreal. He was a sales manager
for Canadian General Electric and is survived by his wife and a sister.
Rachel Mildred Paul, BA'42, MSc(West.
Ont.), BSW'63, MSW'65, June 1, 1970 in
West Vancouver. After working for
several years as a biochemist, including
postgraduate work in England, and at the
UBC department of neurological research, she became a social worker on the
staff of the Mental Health Centre in
Burnaby, B.C. She is survived by her
brother, Arthur, BA'40.
Edith   Marion   Pullan,   BSN'48,   May   5.
1970 in Saskatoon. She was assistant
director of nursing at the University
Hospital in Saskatoon and is survived by
her parents.
Mrs. Eleanor Boyd Sloan, BA'40, MEd
'69. May 1970 in Vancouver. She is survived by her son. John, BA'69.
Mrs. John L. Snyder, BA'51, MSclSouth-
ern Calif.) (Gertraude Stock), Apru 7,
1970inLong Beach, Calif. She was one of
UBC's  first   post-war  exchange  students
Write or Phone
THE  UNIVERSITY BOOK STORE
Vancouver 8, B.C. 228-2282
whenever you need
BOOKS
Text
Trade
Medical
Technical
Hard Back
Paper Back
from Germany. At the time of her death
she was a librarian with the Long Beach
school district. She is survived by her husband, John, BA'50, MSc'53, PhD(Mc-
Gill), and her mother.
Edgar R. Sprott, BA, BCom(Queen's)
BSF'42, April 17, 1970 in Vancouver.
After his retirement in 1965 from a long
teaching career at Richmond Secondary
School, he and Garnet Carefoot, BEd
'46, gained international recognition for
their book. Famine On The Wind—a history of the influence of plant disease on
world history, society and culture.
Michael George Stimac, BEd'69, February 23, 1970 in Burns Lake, B.C. He was
a teacher at Lakes District Secondary
School in Burns Lake and is survived by
his parents.
Louie Stirk, BA'20, April 29, 1970 in
Vancouver. After Normal School training she taught at Vancouver Technical
School. She was an active participant in
Vancouver musical circles, both as a concert soloist and as a member of the Burton Kurth Singers. She is survived by her
sister and three nephews.
Dorothea Moira Sweeny, BA'47, BSW
'50, MSW'51, May 13, 1970 in Vancouver.
In her career as a social worker she was
attached to several agencies including
Crease Clinic and Alexander Neighbourhood House. For many years she was
involved with the work of the Community Arts Council. In 1951 she was
appointed as the council's first executive
secretary. Later, as a volunteer, she was
chairman of the council's civic arts committee and set up the Citizen's Council
For Civic Development. Last year she
was elected vice-president of the Community Arts Council. She is survived by
her mother, sister and two brothers.
Roy Lars Vollum, BA'19, MA'21, MA,
PhD(Oxford), March 30, 1970, in Oxford,
England. He first went to Oxford on a
Rhodes scholarship and after graduation
stayed on with the university's pathology
department. His doctoral research on
killed tubercle vaccine and the cattle
immunization programs in Denmark were
the beginning of a life-long interest in
mycobacteria. In 1927 Dr. Vollum was
appointed a lecturer at the newly-opened
Sir William Dunn School of pathology at
Oxford and was able to continue his work
with tuberculosis as bacteriologist at the
Treloar Orthopaedic Hospital. In 1938 he
was appointed Nuffield bacteriologist at
the Radcliffe laboratory. When the first
clinical trials of penicillin took place at
Radcliffe he was in charge of providing
much of the laboratory control. He was
also involved with the work on streptomycin, in 1945, that was responsible for
a new treatment for tuberculous meningitis. In 1949, Dr. Vollum was appointed
director of the Regional Public Health
Laboratory and pathologist to the
United Oxford hospitals—posts he held
until retirement in 1965. In recent years
he made many trips to Africa to arrange
continued field work on immunization
programs in tubercle bacillus and the
leprosy bacillus. For many years he was
the UBC representative to the Association of Universities of the British Commonwealth. He is survived by his wife
(Isabella E. Crozier) BA'21, a son and
daughter. Q
34 We're making plans for a summer '71 UBC Alumni Association
charter flight to Europe... to complete arrangements we need
to know the preferences of our intrepid alumni travellers... so
if you'd like to come fly with us complete the questionnaire
below and return it to the ...   UBC Alumni Association
Charter Flight Program
6251 NW Marine Drive
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Summer 71 UBC Alumni Charter to Europe
I would prefer	
DESTINATION:
DURATION:
DEPARTURE:
London ($261 - $315)
Amsterdam ($265 - $320)
3 weeks ,4 weeks , 5 weeks	
(approximate) note 1st and 2nd choice
May 15 , June 15 , July 15 , August 15
PACKAGE GROUND ARRANGEMENTS?   Yes No
>
o
Name:  	
Address: 	
Phone: Degree/Year *'*y.
«   " ">
'*v*»%.;£
tCi-«<
'"i
•• •.*»=
t&>&
J *   iflAni -tit '
'  ».";« -
Woes
,«* i*v
**»*': ***.
few
safc
l

Cite

Citation Scheme:

        

Citations by CSL (citeproc-js)

Usage Statistics

Share

Embed

Customize your widget with the following options, then copy and paste the code below into the HTML of your page to embed this item in your website.
                        
                            <div id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidgetDisplay">
                            <script id="ubcOpenCollectionsWidget"
                            src="{[{embed.src}]}"
                            data-item="{[{embed.item}]}"
                            data-collection="{[{embed.collection}]}"
                            data-metadata="{[{embed.showMetadata}]}"
                            data-width="{[{embed.width}]}"
                            async >
                            </script>
                            </div>
                        
                    
IIIF logo Our image viewer uses the IIIF 2.0 standard. To load this item in other compatible viewers, use this url:
http://iiif.library.ubc.ca/presentation/cdm.alumchron.1-0224194/manifest

Comment

Related Items