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UBC Alumni Chronicle [1977-12]

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 mt&Mi imisemm
WINTER 1977
A KEEWATIN STORY
Cultural .Revolution in the North
SPECIAL INSERT ■
UBC Reports • .-.-  a«*?i*, nil *   * if* }VE>C ^LWRflSO
M
IV OLUME 31, No. 4, WINTER 1977
MATURES
4    CANADA: A NATION APART
A Case for a New Union
Allan Smith
8    A KEEWATIN STORY
1   '      Cultural Revolution in the North
Dale Wik Smith
,13  UP AND RUNNING
William Armstrong and the
Universities Council of B.C.
Murray McMillan
- J17  ON THE TURN OF A PEN NIB
, ,\'      A Fresh Air for Old History
i 'i1 Eleanor Wachtel
[DEPARTMENTS
f20  NEWS
23 SPOTLIGHT
J9  LETTERS
|:?30 CHRONICLE CLASSIFIED
By special arrangement this issue ofthe Chronicle car-
fries as an insert an alumni edition of UBC Reports, the
I university administration's campus publication. The
UBC information office has responsibility for the editorial content and production of UBC Reports.
EDITOR Susan Jamieson MeLarnon, BA'65
EDITOR5AL ASSISTANT Christopher J. Miller (BA, Queen's)
COVER Peter Lynde
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVES
Alumni Media (604) 688-6819
Editorial Committee
Dr. Joseph Katz, chair; Dr. Marcia Boyd, MA'74; Clive
Cocking, BA'62; Charlotte Warren, BCom'58; Harry Franklin,
BA'49; Geoff Hancock, BFA73, MFA75; Michael W. Hunter,
BA'63, LLB'67; Murray McMillan; Bel Nemetz, BA'35; Lorraine
Shore, BA'67; Dr. Ross Stewart, BA'46, MA'48; Nancy Woo,
EA'69.
ISSN 004-4999
F ublished quarterly by the Alumni Association ofthe University of British
C olumbia, Vancouver, Canada. The copyright of all contents is registered.
BUSINESS AND EDITORIAL OFFICES: Cecil Green Park, 6251 Cecil Green
F ark Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8, (604)-228-3313 SUBSCRIPTIONS: The
/ umni Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university. Non-alumni subscriptions
t e available at $3 a year; student subscriptions $1 a year. ADDRESS CHANGES:
f and new address, with old address label if available, to UBC Alumni Records,
6.251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8.
f sturn Requested.
V 3stage paid at the Third Class rate Permit No. 2067 SSSS
Member, Council for the Advancement and Support of Education.
Presieferfs message:
UBC must hawe alumni support....
Triennial elections of chancellor
and convocation representatives
to senate.
The major challenge ofthe alumni association is to
endeavor to make more graduates ofthe university
knowledgeable about the problems facing the campus in
achieving its goal of academic excellence. One ofthe five
objectives of our association is "to encourage interest
among the graduates of UBC in the elective offices ofthe
University of British Columbia; to encourage
nominations so that there are sufficient nominations to
cover all vacancies in such elections, and also that there
are included in such nominations, persons who are
representative of the various interests of the Province of
British Columbia."
Most universities rely on public funds and as long as
the governance of UBC is divided between the board of
governors and the senate, graduates should be
represented on both bodies. Certainly at UBC the
election of members from convocation has brought to the
senate many graduates of distinguished intellectual
attainment and broad experience.
It is generally considered that on graduation our
alumni do not shed their interest in intellectual pursuits.
Graduates nominated for senate membership share this
interest and an interest in the welfare ofthe university,
and are prepared to become involved in its activities.
Decisions on curriculum by the senate must not be made
in a vacuum. They have implications for the whole
community.
While many convocation members of senate may not
feel qualified to comment on changes in esoteric subjects
outside their field of knowledge, there are broad
questions of policy to be decided... all of which allow
useful contributions to be made by graduates,
particularly by participation in the 13 standing
committees of senate: academic building needs;
admissions; agenda; appeals on academic standing;
budget; continuing education; curriculum;
extracurricular activities; liaison with post-secondary
institutions; nominating; student appeals on academic
discipline; tributes and library. The evaluation of
alternatives in decisions will be broadened if there are
convocation senate members who can objectively
consider the future practical implications of change.
All members of convocation (the chancellor, the
president, members of senate, faculty (full-time lecturers
and above), convocation founders, honorary degree
holders and all graduates of UBC) are entitled to vote in
the forthcoming triennial election for the positions of
chancellor and 11 members of senate from convocation.
You will receive your ballots by mail from the university
registrar in January, 1978. It is incumbent upon you to
exercise your franchise.
OL^^S) t-u io,
Charlotte L.V. Warren, BCom'58
President, 1977-78,
UBC Alumni Association ■P".  L^wE^e*
Allan Smith
4   Chronicle/Winter, 1977 f /fat we are seeing (in Qua
■deeper tfeaa the election!
m mo g
never fee the same again*
Is a mew ©refer footed ran sometfhmg ifeie
of a single political party. N © mattef
posMosn off its asiijfophofie mnmositty wS
n the past 15 years, the French-
English question has received more
sustained attention than at any previ-
u • period of similar length since Confed-
rction itself was hammered out more
tn a century ago.
Beginning in the early 1960s, journalists, academics, politicians, royal
commissions, and most recently a blue
ribbon task force headed by former federal minister Jean-Luc Pepin and ex-
Ontario premier John Robarts have kept
the issue constantly before the Canadian
public. Within Quebec itself, a succession
of governments has presented a series of
escalating fiscal and constitutional demands to Ottawa at the same time that
they have moved more and more aggressively to strengthen the position of francophones in their own jurisdiction. All of
this, played out against a threatening
backdrop of demonstrations, bombings,
the October Crisis of 1970, and most recently, the unpleasant spectacle of immigrants to Quebec being denied the privilege
of educating their children in the language
of their choice, has been unsettling
enough. Now, with the Parti Quebecois
election victory of 1976, Canada appears
to face the prospect of a secessionist
Quebec writing an explicit and unmistakable/sn to the Canadian experiment by the
ultimate act of separation.
In one sense this onslaught against the
Canadian nation state is not new. Since
the last years ofthe nineteenth century —
thanks to the resentment engendered in
French Canada by the execution of Louis
Riel, the removal of French language
rights in Ontario and the West and the
conscription crises of the two world wars
— tension between French and English
has been deep and abiding. Seen from this
vantage point, Rene Levesque is only the
If test in a long line of Quebec premiers
dedicated to getting a better deal for their
province in the face of the English Canadian majority's inclination, when given
half a chance, to ride roughshod over
faneophone constitutional and legal
guarantees. This view ofthe matter would
rot, of course, be wrong; those who find
explanation enough for the circumstances
t.iat now confront us in the repetition of
c Id truths about English Canada's disre-
gard of French Canada's rights are, however, overlooking much in this difficult
situation that is new and unprecedented.
Canada's present problems, quite siin-
S ly, do not arise out of disagreements over
the manner in which a particular issue —
ine Riel affair, Manitoba schools, con
scription — should be resolved, but out of
a basic alteration in the character of
Quebec society. In this century, and particularly since World War Two, the forces
of industrialization and urbanization have
changed the face of francophone Quebec
almost beyond recognition. Church, village, farm and family no longer occupy
the central place in that society which they
once monopolized. In their place has
come the mining and factory town, the
sprawling megalopolis of Montreal, an
industrial workforce, reduced numbers of
children and a secular outlook. What has
come also is a complex of social needs
which could not be met within the
confines of an institutional framework
which evolved in the service of an essentially rural society. The need for social
services to supplement and replace the
charitable activities ofthe church, the call
for labor legislation to accommodate the
needs of a new laboring class and the requirement that the population be educated to operate the factories and administer the enterprises which were becoming a
central part of Quebec's economic life
made government intervention necessary
on a massive scale and so spelled the end
of the church and the farm as the major
institutions in Quebec society.
Equally important in all of this was the
decision to steer the economic development responsible for these changes in a
direction that would meet the needs of
Quebeckers rather than the interests of
private and foreign investors. Fostering
the growth of state intervention in the
economy through the agency of planning
boards, incentives to industry, and provincial development funds, this impulse
found its most dramatic expression in the
1962 creation of Hydro Quebec.
These new structures, once in place,
acted to stimulate further change. In giving the new managers and technicians a
chance to show that francophones were
now able to manipulate the controls of a
sophisticated and complex industrial society, generated confidence among, and
created additional opportunities for, the
new elites. This, in turn, spurred demands that French be made the language
of work and provided the impetus for the
recent successful move to make the province officially unilingual. The creation of
these instruments played a part, too, in
heightening conflict with Ottawa. The
vastly extended network of services
created by the Quebec government in the
1960s had to be financed, and that necessity led to a series of demands throughout
the decade for increased fiscal powers
from Ottawa and ultimately for Quebec
control of pools of investment capital
raised in the province — such as that
formed by the Pearson government's
Canada Pension Plan.
Long valued as an instrument of fundamental importance in the struggle for
cultural and linguistic survival, the educational enterprise found itself playing its
old role in a radically new costume. With
the creation of a department of education
in 1963 — the first in the province's history — the Quebec government moved to
insure that francophones would have access to the training they required to function effectively within the framework of
the new society coming into being around
them. It was not long, in fact, before education began to occupy a position near
centre stage in the Quiet Revolution.
Beyond its utility in reducing francophone dependence on anglophone
managers, technicians, and professionals,
and its creation of new pressures to have
French recognized as the language of
work, education revealed itself as the tool
best able to deal with a problem that
threatened francophone society at its very
foundations.
By the early 1960s, demographers had
begun to notice two things: first, the francophone birthrate — long one ofthe highest in the world — was, thanks to industrialization, declining; second, immigrants to Quebec were assimilating into the
English-speaking community. Combined
with the fact that sizeable numbers of
francophone parents were enrolling their
children in anglophone schools, these circumstances raised serious questions about
the future of the francophone population
in Quebec itself. Would it at last — as so
many observers had predicted — be
swamped in the North American
anglophone sea?
If this result was to be prevented, serious measures had to betaken. Immigration
policy would not, however, be the place to
start, for the Quebec government had no
exclusive jurisdiction in that area and
could not, in any case, control the entry
into Quebec of non-French speakers from
other parts of Canada. What it could do,
however, was use the educational system,
over which it did have undisputed authority, to compel those destined to join the
Quebec labor force to acquire proficiency
in French, and ultimately to demand that
residents of Quebec not linked to the province's historic anglophone community
enroll their children in French language
5 Circumstances
raised serious
questions about the
future of tie
francophone
population in
Quebec itself.,
Would it at last*** be
swamped in the
North American
anglophone sea?
schools. Use ofthe educational power as a
key instrument in the struggle to preserve
francophone culture has been a central
feature of Quebec government policy
since the Union Nationale government of
Jean-Jacques Bertrand first legislated in
this area in the late 1960s.
The shaping of an institutional
framework consistent with the character
of the new Quebec has received a wide
measure of support in the province, with
the Liberals, Union Nationale, and Parti
Quebecois differing from each other
mainly in the rigor with which, once in
office, they have extended their predecessors' programs. Hardly surprising when
one remembers that they are each responding to the same basic forces in
Quebec society, this point nonetheless
bears mentioning in order to put to rest
any thought that the defeat of the PQ will
restore some kind of "normalcy" in
Quebec. What we are seeing — and the
point can scarcely be overemphasized —
is a new order rooted in something far
deeper than the election victory of a single
political party. No matter who governs
the province, the position of its
anglophone minority will never be the
same again, business will have to operate
increasingly in French, and the Quebec
government will continue to enlarge the
scope of its jurisdiction.
Recognizing the strength of the forces
which the PQ has at this juncture, it does
not, however, mean that a clash between
the immovable object of Confederation
and the irresistible force of change in
Quebec should be viewed as inevitable.
While francophones are committed to a
serious defence of their culture, and while
there is a wide measure of agreement
among them on many of the steps that
need to be taken, they are by no means
united in support ofthe separatist option,
or indeed, behind a single vision of what
that option constitutes. The provincial
Liberals and the Union Nationale remain
committed to some form of federalism
and while one should not overestimate the
extent to which the existence of this reservoir of federalist opinion can generate
confidence that the country will stay to-'
gether, it does point to the fact that opinion in Quebec opposed to the separatist
option retains important institutional
support in the francophone community
itself.
More interesting — and in the present
circumstances, infinitely more important
— is the attitude ofthe PQ. Here, matters
may not be quite so simple as they seem.
Notwithstanding the party's often expressed commitment to "independence" for
Quebec, there is reason to think that leading pequistes ■— not to mention a sizeable
portion of those who supported the party
at the polls — would be content with a
re-worked union with the rest of Canada,
providing it were accompanied by a real
devolution of authority in the direction of
the Quebec government. This is not to say
J
that talk of independence is merely }. bar
gaining tactic. Even those who re iai;/
committed to that objective are, how ver,
prepared to admit that some form of on'
tinuing association with anglop' on(-
Canada also constitutes a goal veiy n uc!j.
worth pursuing.
The PQ has, indeed, contemplat xi |j
continuing relationship with the re t of?
Canada from the party's founding. It aaV<
vocacy of a common market arrange! lent*
supposes that transportation systems'. ae
cess to markets, and flows of capital wil(.
remain much as they are now. This < om«
mitment to the maintenance ofthe country's economic system suggests a firn bet:
lief in the role that that system can :m*;
tinue to play in underpinning Quebec's:
survival, providing it with a reasonable]
standard of living and insuring economic*
stability. There is, however, more to this*
than a simple commitment to the*
straightforward proposition that some ofi^
the economic forces operating in
have had a beneficial role to play in the
of Quebec and ought to continue. Main
taining a common tariff, fiscal and monet
ary policy, and a common program in
lation to foreign investment, would
quire close discussion on a wide range
questions and a joint bureaucracy to
minister agreed-upon measures. It would
also make necessary a common political
authority, whose decisions, once taken,
would be binding on the parties. Setting
these mechanisms in place would not produce a central government exercising
power in accordance with the principles of
classical federalism; equally clearly, their
operation would in practice limit the ac
tions of those who set them up and who
had agreed to be bound by the resulting
decisions. It would, in other words, signify a measure of political as well as
economic association.
That the Quebec government is pre-|t
pared to contemplate more than a token {
measure of political involvement with the \-
rest of the country is evidenced by its =>
leader, Rene Levesque's move in suggest- \
ing that his government would allow f
anglophones coming to Quebec access to I
English language schools if francophone \
Quebeckers were given reciprocal rights (
in the other provinces. This may have j
been no more than an extraordinai sly j
clever ploy to get English Canadians, \
quick to criticize any apparent abrid e- ■■
ment of minority rights in Quebec, to k )k *
at what was going on in their own ba k-
yards; but to the extent that it can oe *
considered a legitimate attempt to reso /e *
the problem of minority educatio al
rights on a nation-wide basis in o-
operation with the other provinces rf i
Canada, it testifies to the fact that    te
premier of Quebec can still give his co i-
patriots in English Canada a lesson 'n
what their political involvement with e;   h
other ought to involve.
PQ ministers, too, have been activi y
engaged in informing Canadians outsi e
6   Chronicle/Winter, 1977 of Quebec of what their aims are. This
attempt to keep lines of communication
open far exceeds anything undertaken by
their Liberal predecessors. It suggests a
clear disinclination to regard English
Canada as a nullity, to be written off as
quickly and completely as possible.
Levesque himself has been prominent in
this campaign, and time and time again
has accompanied his explanations of the
PQ program with statements of a willingness to consider alternatives to it.
There remains, of course, the matter of
the proposed referendum on separation.
Even here, however, matters have been
orchestrated in a way that amplifies the
range of alternatives available to the government. The decision to let the independence issue stand on its own means nothing if it does not mean a desire to put
some distance between the PQ and the
issue that was supposed to be its reason for
being. As a result of that decision, the PQ
was not committed to independence as a
consequence of its election, nor will it —
thanks to Quebec's continued adherence
to the parliamentary system, in which referenda are not binding on the governments that hold them — be committed to
i ;iat goal even if the vote goes in its favor.
In place of its once unambiguous declaration for severance of the existing union
v;ith Canada, it has now in other words,
£-ot a free hand on the question of
Quebec's relations with the rest of the
country. It may of course, use its maneuverability to push for its original goal;
but there is now nothing to stop the PQ
from heading in some other direction,
especially if support for a withdrawal
from the Canadian federal system as it
now stands proves to be limited.
While it would, in sum, be a mistake to
suppose that anything but a radically revised Canadian union would interest the
PQ, this is not quite the same thing as
saying no union would interest it. Once
the substantial number of Quebeckers
who are not prepared to contemplate a
leap into the dark make their views
known, the pressures on their government to develop its already existing impulse to view continued association with
English Canada in a positive light will
build. The party, sensibly enough in view
of this possibility, has moved to insure
that its interest in its own program will not
preclude it from considering alternatives
should that become necessary. Like any
negotiator who doesn't know exactly what
he or she is going to have to deal with, it is
keeping its options open.
It is important for English Canadians to
recognize that the PQ's position is neither
as dogmatic nor inflexible as it sometimes
appears, for they stand to profit from the
more fluid situation this fact creates.
Quebec has never been alone in expressing concern about the distribution of
power in the Canadian federal system.
The West and the Maritimes have also
been vocal in their criticism ofthe way the
country is organized. It was, after all, the
legislature of Nova Scotia that passed the
first separatist resolution back in 1886,
while the West's litany of discontent with
Ottawa has been sung by protest parties
and provincial premiers for decades.
A redistribution of power that would
eliminate shared jurisdictions, create
more efficient regional or provincial governments, providing them with extended
revenue-raising powers, and the jurisdictional tools they need to plan their own
development, would create a more rational system of policy-making^ raise income levels and tax revenues in the provinces, and reduce the need for transfer
payments. An important source of Ottawa's impulse to centralize — the need to
subsidize the poorer provinces — would
be at least partially closed off. The tension
created by Ottawa's invasion of provincial
areas of jursidiction would be correspondingly diminished. Circumstances make
cases, and perhaps it is time to say that
circumstances in Quebec and Canada are
making a new case, for a re-worked, revitalized Canadian union, the shaping of
which would involve a new deal for all
parts of the country. It is certain that a
rigid defence of the constitutional status
quo seems likely to produce the very thing
it is intended to prevent: further alienation of Canadians from the central government and the placing of even more
serious strains on the Canadian political
system. □
Allan Smith is an associate professor of
history at UBC. in
ml
n
at
0
,>
%i
\e
file *
Cultural Revolution
in the North
Dale Wik Smith
A suspiciously calm day. In a climate
where the wind blows almost every
day of the year, the still days seem
ominous. The sky is washed in a single
shade of soft gray and it looks to us like a
white-out but we hitch the komatik to our
snowmobile and head off across Hudson
Bay, still frozen in May.
After five years in Rankin Inlet, this is
our first outdoor experience in a white-
out. Blowing snow is a blizzard. A white-
out is something altogether different,
more a psychological threat than a physical one, a trick condition of light which
obliterates the horizon. The most discerning eye cannot distinguish where the sky
ends and the land begins. With no sun
there are no shadows.
Driving, I know what it must be like to
be blind, where every forward movement
is an act of faith. The bay is familiar to me
and logic says that there is nothing to fear,
yet at every moment I expect to hurtle off
a cliff, or slam into a wall, of what? The
world seems very flat and I have the impression that I am driving towards the
edge of it. No depth perception, no distance perception. Only the droning ofthe
engine indicates that we are moving.
Then the machine labors, we slow down
and I see the skis tilting sharply upward.
With an effort I re-orient my vision and
8   Chronicle Winter, 1977
focus on a 20-foot hill which had looked to
me like fiat ground. I can almost hear the
great cosmic laugh.
Exposed. Instinct tells us that we are
very much a target, unprotected against
whiteness and space that go on and on. In
these circumstances agorophobia seems
like a reasonable response to a threatening
environment. Time means nothing and
there is a feeling that memories ofthe past
have been artificially implanted and in reality our lives consist of nothing but driving without end in a vast, overturned
bowl.
A return to the settlement after any
experience on the land is reassuring. Here
is the human scale, the white man's element. The settlements are strictly functional. Even the most polite visitor cannot
stop from exclaiming over the ugliness of
what he or she sees. No landscaping, no
frills, the settlements are frontier towns.
Above the tree-line, even above the shrub
line, no greenery softens the raw marks of
development. Houses are mostly
factory-built, shipped in by sealift during
the accessible months of July and August
and erected on gravel pads and plank
studs. Little concession is made by designers to the fact that these houses are to be
used in what is often called the harshest
climate in the north. Temperatures dip
below -50°C. with a strong wind which
makes the wind chill factor sound like the
kind of temperatures recorded on the
moon.
Furnaces and parkas are often used 12
months of the year. Most people live in
houses owned by either the Northwest
Territories Housing Corporation or the
territorial government and occupants
have the dubious advantage of being able
to tell the direction of the wind just by
moving from room to room. With no
skirting around the bottoms of the
houses, blowing wind reduces the floor
temperatures to below freezing.
Rankin Inlet is being developed at fie
fastest pace, but strangely, to our southern minds, this creates little bitterness   r
resentment amongst the other six Keew -
tin communities. The attitude seems  o
be, "Confine the development to o? "•
place and leave the rest of us in peace
However, there are some amenities up'
which the other communities cast a covf
ous eye. Television is one. The other is tfr
utilidor system, a yellow insulated waft
and sewage pipe which runs above t'
ground and breaks down occasionally
the winter, to be restored by a Herm.
Nelson portable heater and blue-fingere
tradesmen working under canvas tents r
partial protection from the numbing cole
I
I /!
■ \u't shuks (meaning man-like) are piles of
, {lk built on high points of land to show
\at i man had passed that way before
0 isite page). ...A symbol ofthe north,
\e t og teams are increasingly rare as
tioi mobiles replace them as a more
' }ac 'teal means of travel (right). Today,
\ir are probably more dog teams in the
0 i, where it has become a popular hobby,
\ai in most parts ofthe north.... (Below)
Ki ishing takes patience and endurance,
iht n the first step is cutting through six feet
\l udson Bay ice. All photographs, with
k. xception ofthe view of Rankin, page
% are by Stanley Zazelenchuck.
'^%^'^*
A Northern Vocabulary
Inuit: The People. The word
"Eskimo" fell into disfavor with the
Inuit organizations. White people in
the know strived to strike "Eskimo"
from their vocabulary and ended up
saying "Inuit" to Inuit who replied by
talking about "Eskimos" almost 100
per cent ofthe time.
Inuk: Singular form of Inuit.
Inuktituut: Inuit language.
Kamlks: Eastern Arctic equivalent of
mukluks. Made of caribou, seal or
sheep skin.
Qablunaat: White man. Usually
applies to aal non-Inuit people so that
a Pakistani or a black man may, for
the first time in his life, be called a
"white man".
Komatifc A long, low wooden sled
made without nails, lashed together
with rope, used to carry fuel and game
on a hunting trip, pulled behind a
snowmobile. ■    -- 1
"*"tiii- 'V
The north has many renowned artists. One
of them is Qavik, (above), a carver and
potter in his Rankin Inlet studio....
Traditional skills like animal skinning and
sewing duffle socks are still passed along to
interested students.
\      *ju*
i
Initially the utilidor served only white
people, mostly government employees,
which gave the Inuit cause to feel bitter. A
school teacher might have running water
while a neighbor, the school janitor, living
20 feet away wouldn't be included on the
utilidor line.
While more and more houses are receiving utilidor service, the majority of people
in the Keewatin still cope with the awkward water tank and honey bag system.
"Honey bag" is a euphemism for a large
green plastic garbage bag used as a liner
inside a sewage bucket fitted with a seat.
When they are full, honey bags are tied
and tossed outside to freeze beside the
garbage cans. Sometimes they are picked
up. The ones that are forgotten, or the
ones that break open create an odor which
northerners have come to identify as one
of the first, indisputable signs of spring.
In the past five years, the number of
white people in Rankin Inlet has quintupled, and the proportion of white
people to Inuit has doubled. This has led
to an exacerbation of the subtle conflicts
and tensions that exist when the northern
and southern cultures try to live together.
The Inuit have been burned in their relationships with white people, if only in the
sense that white people are transient. The
transient status of white people in the
Keewatin is indicated even in their attitude towards one another, which has
been compared accurately, to the relationships between passengers on a cruise
ship. There is a tacit understanding that
the friendship is likely to last only the
length of the journey and that the true
bonds of friendship are still those formed
on shore, (in the south).- White people
speak of going "home" to Ottawa or Cal-
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3* org a
(!oo r
ia-| jort
do!,, pen
ag
gary, wherever they came from.
Inuk, then, invests time and effort
friendship which, because of his cul
he expects to last for years, if u
lifetime. When the transient southt
who stays on the average a few y
perhaps six or seven at the most, 1<
the settlement the Inuk feels betra
rejected and bitter. The next white pi
will not have the benefit of his friends'
Gradually there develops a pool ol
picion on both sides that makes anyt
more  than  superficial  acquaint,
difficult. The Inuit are afraid of exp]
tion, as are the white people. "Wha
you want from me?" the Inuit seems t
asking. "Do you want a carving, ch<
Do you want to write to your friends ir
south and tell them about your pet
kimo? Do you want to pay off \
mortgage  with  fast,  easy  north
money?" White people begin asl
themselves what the Inuit want frou a
possible friendship — to borrow mon ;y?
A sign-over of the weekly beer rati«-n?
Each suspicion has enough truth in it to
keep it alive.
In an uneasy interracial situation, simple personality conflicts are magnified
into racial conflicts. It's not that you don't
like Amarok; you just don't like Inuit. It's
not that you don't like Smith; you just
don't like qablunaat. It takes an intimate
and very personal relationship to destroy
the racial barrier. Walking into the house
of a friend, I heard his child run into the
next room, yelling in Inuktituut, "Daddy, qablunaat's here." Interpreters frequently translate, "Qablunaat says...."
One white man who has lived in the north
for his entire life, who has hunted, talked I tlt
dc
th
ca
th
■will
Hl«
IV
chai
coir
ulc<
tor
cha
:
hin
hin
wo
wo
C01
cul
pe'
wr
m(
m;
t!
and lived as an Inuk, still speaks in terms f
of being "popular with the community," I
an outsider's expression. j
On the surface, all is smoothed away u
with smiles. Strangers leave with the im- j
pression that the north is a friendly place, j
but interracial conflict is real, if elusive, j
perhaps just rumbling beneath a placid |
surface, biding its time. Five years ago the
Inuit in the Keewatin were not politically I
aware. Six months ago their protests in- \ u
eluded asking to be put in executive-level t n
positions within the territorial govern- * -
ment. Today they don't recognize the tei -
ritorial government as their governing
power. The incident in Ft. Chimo, invol
ing protest over the Quebec government s
French language bill, proved that the
Inuit can be militant. If it can happen ia
Ft. Chimo, I wonder how long it will be
before the Keewatin's racial situation wis I
erupt. The answer may lie partly in tlv-
attitude of white people, although histoi,
may already have created emotions of ho: •
tility and aggression which refuse to b;
suppressed.
When the white man comes north,
bringing the southern culture, he has ■.-.
choice; he can try to change the environ
ment to suit southern expectations, or h :
can adapt himself to what he finds. Th ■
10  Chronicle /Winter, 1977 he )eai ofthe territorial government, conn-
u ni!sioner Stuart  Hodgson (a former
re, gri ish Columbian) is a changer. In a re-
a'  erf interview printed in Reader's Digest,
ier^ .ide commissioner related his conversation
rsv ,«t n a man who said to him, "I guess
'es; )0i 've seen a lot of changes in your time."
'd,| fh; commissioner's reply: "I didn't see
'On[,|heii. I made them." This is what the
P- i Im it are fighting against — white people
us-f; ma dng the changes for them. If the native
■ngt organizations have their way, there will be
• ceMno more commissioner Hodgsons in the
ia-| Lith, although what will probably hap-
H
P?f
he |
is-;
ur>
ag
a
y?
n?
to
n-
:d
s't
:'s
st
te
>y
ie
if
pen is that the commissioner's successor
will be playing the same tune but in a
much lower key.
Most white people who come north as
changers in a less exalted position than the
commissioner's find that the north has a
way of dealing with them. They leave with
ulcers because of the frustration of trying
to move the immovable. Travel plans can
change at the flick of a barometer. Plane
schedules are only approximate guides
and the inflexible white man may find that
the plane left two hours early, without
■ him. Or that the taxi just forgot to pick
him up. If he insists on punctuality at
work or school he may find that people
won't show up late — they just won't
come at all. White men, shaped by their
culture, tend to be apprehensive, competitive and controlled by deadlines and
when this attitude is juxtaposed with the
more relaxed Inuit attitude, it is the white
man who suffers.
As a journalist, I have a heightened response to pressure. When I work with a
translater who doesn't share these attitudes (and I have never met one who
does) conflict develops and it is always I,
the white person, who has to bend because obsession with time and deadlines is
part of my culture and if it doesn't fit into
this environment, it is my problem. In the
north the white people are a minority
race, at times an oppressed minority, and
adaptation and flexibility are the only
ways for them to keep harmony within
themselves and with society. Acculturation even after five years is not easy and
means a lot more than eating raw seal meat
and frozen raw caribou.
Coming into Rankin Inlet for the first
time, I turned to the Inuk sitting next to
rre and asked, "What's the population of
Rankin Inlet? What time will we get
there?" He shrugged, ignored the first
q lestion and said that we'd get there
when the plane landed. After a few years,
I stopped asking questions like that and
b ;gan to realize that this nervous ferreting
a vay of facts has an unhealthy touch of
h/steria in it. Possessing a clutch of facts
srems to give the illusion that the future
cm be controlled, if only one knows
eiough about it. Being in control is very
important to white people, who then have
to live in constant fear that they will slip
aid fall into the abyss called "lack of con-
t ol." What is needed is a change of at
titude, an acceptance of the future and a
feeling of security in one's ability to cope
with the unknown, using instinct as well
as intellect. I think that the Inuit, who
have had to cope for centuries with a totally unpredictable physical environment,
have given up all illusions of control over
their environment and have developed a
deep-rooted feeling of security and a belief in themselves that white people lack.
They can still cope with what the environment gives them, They are not unduly
apprehensive about the unexpected or the
unforeseen, because they know they can
accept it.
But how long will it last? Settlements
are yearly destroying the Inuk's feeling of
adequacy because placed in our southern
culture he is made to feel like a humbler.
For the majority of Inuit the transition to
settlement life is traumatic. The Inuit are
suffering all the pains of a society in limbo: wife-beating, alcoholism, child abuse.
In Rankin Inlet and to a lesser extent in
the other Keewatin communities, the past
20 years have brought a tidal wave of
southern culture to the north. The Inuit
have been swamped by southern
influences. In 1957'the North Rankin
Nickel Mine established a wage economy
using Inuit workers who left their home
communities to settle, still in iglus and
tents, around the mine site. The logical
extension of that beginning is the situation in Rankin Inlet today where the negative unemployment rate means that in an
average family the husband is a heavy
equipment operator, the wife works at the
fish cannery and the 15-year old son is a
Hudson's Bay store clerk. This leaves the
10-year old at home every day to babysit.
Even if the 10-year old did attend school,
An inukshuk (above) overlooks the town of
Rankin Inlet on the west shore of Hudson
Bay.... Amautiks, hooded parkas designed
to carry babies are worn even by very young
girls, who sometime assume complete
responsibility for younger members ofthe
family.
11 The deteriorating buildings ofthe Rankin
nickel mine remain a landmark for miles
around the settlement (above). Operating
between 1957 and 1962, it established the
townsite of Rankin Inlet and brought a
wage economy to the people.... Industrial
development in the north has left its mark in
the form of mountains of abandoned
equipment. The tundra close to most ofthe
Keewatin settlements is defaced with open
garbage dumps.
chances are that his or her education
would stop at grade nine because senior
high school for Keewatin students is offered only at Yellowknife and Frobisher
Bay. Almost everything about the way
that southern culture operates in the
north seems to be contributing to the
breakdown ofthe family unit. Family life
is being destroyed. And with the destruction ofthe core, what hope is there for the
retention of the culture?
In 1973, television, the great social
leveller, came to Rankin Inlet via the Anik
satellite. Everyone bought a set, the Inuit
buying mostly color while some of the
white people economized with black and
white, in the same way that white people
play Rummoli with pennies and Inuit use
dimes or dollars. Activities like visiting
and traditional recreation, as expected,
dropped sharply. Children no longer
bothered to listen to their grandmothers'
legends with "Gilligan's Island" and
"Police Story" providing more exciting
and. exotic entertainment. Soap operas
have a unique way of getting under
people's skin, and the devout Inuit followers of the "Edge of Night" began unconsciously imitating those melodramatic
speech patterns. It wasn't until Peter
Gzowski's reign in the 9:30 - 10:30 time
slot that recreation revived in the settlement. The introduction of television
brought with it the mandatory researcher
in search of a master's thesis, reinforcing
the old joke that the average Inuit family
consists of two adults, four children and a
researcher.
The Inuit organizations are struggling
to "preserve the culture" while the people
in the settlements are being seduced by
the lure of the southern culture. Two
years ago, the Bay store brought in True
Confessions and sex and violence
magazines over the protests of the
Catholic Church. Potato chips, pop,
chocolate bars and T.V. dinners are easier
to get than fish or caribou. People still
hunt and fish, and the ones who have
maintained close ties with the land heave a
sigh of relief when they leave the problems of settlement life behind them on
short trips. Yet in the Keewatin, with a
population of about 4,300, only a few
families have chosen to return to the land,
aided by the territorial government's
Outpost Camp program. These few
families rely on supplies from the settlements.
Even the Inuit organizations themselves are not "pure Inuk" because politics, hostility and aggression were not a
part ofthe traditional Inuit society. These
reactions have evolved partially as a defence to protect the Inuit against the
steady, inevitable encroachment of southern culture. Partially they are learned,
ironically enough with the help of the
"white advisor." He is the white man in
the back of most Inuit organizations who
writes the letters that the president signs.
He plans the strategies and his strategies
reflect his own culture. He may be w ia
the Inuit organizations need to proiecf
what they say is rightfully theirs. He r \a\
be their way of fighting fire with fire, bi t
is his rhetoric, borrowed from oppres ej
people from Africa to the United Sta ;s,«
that the Inuit learns.
Out of this learning process grc v\$
another irony. The Inuk who best ervu-
lates the white man, the Inuk who ar . m„
"talk white" best rises to the positior ol "
power. In seeking to protect his cultire
he deals more and more with white peo ile
and bureaucracy until he has been aim m
totally assimilated. He may wear kam ks
but he carries a briefcase.
Recognizing this dichotomy, the national brotherhood, Inuit Tapirisat, has
passed through this phase, which is soil
giving growing pains to the branch organizations, and returned to a more traditional grass roots image, for example its
choice of an unsophisticated "true Inuk" """""
as president. Inuit Tapirisat withdrew its
original land claims document,
"Nunavut" under criticism from the Inuit
that they were not consulted and that the
document was written mostly by southern
white consultants, (a failing which the organization freely admits and has taken
pains to avoid in its second land claims
agreement-in-principle). Yet even the
word "Nunavut" (our land) itself, though
a good slogan, is not one which is natural
to the Inuit in the settlements. I have
talked to Inuit who say that the land does
not belong to anyone. Their nomadic
heritage precludes the concept of owning
land. So, in seeking to preserve their culture, the Inuit organizations are forced to
use a concept which is foreign to them.
As outsiders, white people tend to view
the assimilation ofthe Inuit into southern
culture as tragic, forgetting that a culture
is not something which is dead and static
but an alive, changing force. We, mostly
former Europeans, lost our culture generations ago, the difference being that the
loss was our choice. The Inuit were given
no choice in the matter and are only now
realizing the extent of their irrevocable
losses.
One Inuit leader sees what is happening
to his culture as part of a whole worid
pattern. He expressed it this way: "Li'e
styles change because the years cause
change. This happens to everyone in the
world, not just the Inuit. The way n.:y
ancestors used to live off the land, witho it
any government help, without ai y
money, it was very good; but it is som i-
thing that happened in the past. I'm goii g
to make sure that the history and the la i-
guage are registered and written up pro >
erly to be taught in the schools and nev :r
forgotten. At the same time I'm movh.g
into the modern way of living." □
Dale Wik Smith, BA'72, is editor of
Issumavvik,  a bilingual - Inuktituut a id
English -magazinepublished by the Keen i-
tin Inuit Association. Issumavvik means a
place for thought."
m
i
edu
Its
B.C
1
gov
tior
mu
act
thri
ciai
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ilia
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12   Chronicle Winter, 1977 [l^S E^il-SE!
Ill
aq
o
re
ile
ist
ks!
ia
ias
ill
ir-
ii
its
William Arm:
and the
Universities Council of B.C.
r
Ii, t
Murray McMillan
hree years ago a new force entered
the increasingly-complex and
pitched game of post-secondary
education financing in British Columbia.
Its name? The Universities Council of
B.C. Its purpose? That's not so clear.
The former New Democratic Party
government which introduced the legislation establishing it obviously wanted a
multi-purpose body — one which would
act as a buffer zone between the province's
three public universities and the politicians in Victoria whose financial decisions
made the continued existence of those institutions possible; an agency to look at
the programs each institution offered and
what new programs they planned to initiate; and a coordinating body to put each
institution's requests for funds in terms
comparable to the others'.
Today, the 11-member council is responsible for doling out about $200 million annually to the province's universities. It receives budget requests from
each institution, pokes and prods and
queries until it is satisfied each request is
justified, and then presents a lump-sum
budget to the provincial government for
acceptance or rejection. In that kind of
situation, it's hard to keep everyone hap-
py.
William Armstrong left a deputy presidency at the University of British Colum-
b a to chair the council. He says that at the
time he took on the job three years ago, he
asked some of the people who had been
members of the United Kingdom grants
commission for any wise advice they had
to offer. Their reply: "If you make yourself uniformly disliked by both the uni
versities and the government, you're
probably successful."
Has his council met that test? Well,
only partially. Voices in government appear satisfied with the role the universities
council has played, and many academics
as well look on the body as something
which, while not an institution which they
might have welcomed with open arms, is
an inevitable instrument of public accountability in a time when economic
constraints are increasing and enrolment
is static, if not falling slightly.
"The council, in my judgment, is be-
gining to do a very good job," says Andrew Soles, BA'51, MEd'68, B.C.'s associate deputy minister in charge of post-
secondary education. "During the days
when there was one university, the system
was simple. Now we have three universities, 14 colleges and an institute. There
has to be a way of coordinating their operations. There has been more planning —
you can never plan completely, but there
has been a more rational approach. As the
system has grown, there have been more
calls on the post-secondary dollar, and the
council has tried to see that all needs were
met."
But if the government appears satisfied
with the council, there are those in the
administrative offices of B.C. universities
whose brows become furrowed at the
mention of it, who speak in for-heaven's-
sake-don't-quote-me tones, who decry the
intrusion of a group of lay councillors into
the hallowed halls of academe, who bemoan the enormous increase in bureaucratic paperwork which the council's questions have demanded.
They are not a happy lot, but they won't
say it out loud. They say they work to do
the best in the situation they face, to keep
relations between benefactor and beneficiary as cordial as possible. In short,
the lifeboat is not comfortable, but they'll
try to live in it.
One senior UBC dean says he now
spends 60 per cent of his time on administrative duties required by the council —
duties which he says would not have
existed six or seven years ago. He accepts
it with a sort of weary good humor, commenting that now all education is being
closely watched by government — a great
change from the policy of "benign neglect" of former premier W.A.C. Bennett:
"We got enough to keep us going, but not
enough to spoil us."
Armstrong readily admits that the
council has intruded on the previous autonomy of the universities, vetting programs, examining capital expenditure
priorities and scrutinizing operating grant
requests. "We try to analyze the universities' requests rigorously — in fact, I
think they think too rigorously at times.
They think that we're interfering with
their autonomy — we're asking an awful
lot of questions, things about internal
costs and course loads and things of this
kind.
"But we've found in the last couple of
years that unless we do this, the government doesn't take our recommendations
very seriously, and the government chops
the budgets some more because they
think we're just acting as a conduit for the
universities' requests....Last year, the
minister of education was convinced
13 At:
Hi V*. , _iV,.f 'i*:
*<«;■£&-
. -. ,i *r, of.,;» t t.'   *     y •       „ 4,
K c*'' '*   .       ^      >"',''.v,     '
. -._>■•.   . i*   >^ .»... ^ Jit",'..
14   Chronicle/Winter. 1977 ;it|A Serwant of Education
ELP WANTED: One highly-skilled
'\i[ htrope walker, preferably with
xademic background and consummate
i ancial skills, able to tread water
be (ween pools of academic alligators and
pi ovincial piranhas. Position:
Chairperson, Universities Council of
B.C. Apply (no triflersplease) to
Patrick McGeer, minister of education,
legislative Buildings, Victoria.
That particular advertisement will
never make its appearance in the daily
newspapers, but the search is On for a
successor to 61-year-old William
Armstrong, whose term as head ofthe
universities council expired at the end
of September. He is staying on for the
interim at the request ofthe
provincial government.
Sitting in his office on the fifth floor
of a West Broadway office tower, with
its spectacular view of downtown
Vancouver and the North Shore, Dr.
Armstrong looked back at his decision
to leave UBC to chair the council.
There have been a lot of frustrations,
but I was well aware that there would
be when I took the job. I'm afraid I've
always been a person who likes to
tackle new projects and get them
running. I think that it's now fair to
say that the universities council is up
and running, and that it runs fairly
smoothly."
He brought to the job a background
in industry, education, science policy
and the direction of national and
international scientific projects. He is
a metallurgist who joined the UBC
faculty of applied science in 1946,
rising to become dean of that faculty
in 1966 and deputy president ofthe
university a year later. In 1969 he
resigned as dean to continue his work
as deputy president.
Armstrong says he feels that he has
been able to build a good degree of
personal credibility with
administrators at B.C.'s universities.
"I was in a senior position at UBC,
but I knew the other university people
as well — I've known Howard Petch
(president of the University of
Victoria) for many years, and a
number of people at Simon Fraser as
well, so I think they at least feel that I
know the system and that they can
trust me to present their point of
view."
As he leaves the universities
council, Dr. Armstrong goes to tackle
another position in post-secondary
education, one that he is already
spending some time on. This time he
will be working as a consultant to the
minister of education, attempting to
forge a provincial research policy.
when we said we needed so much money,
and he did his darnedest to get that much
for us. He didn't succeed because the
treasury board ended up with a shortfall
in provincial income and they finally had
to take a five per cent cut off everybody,
including the universities' grants. But in
fact the minister did take our recommendations as he received them and didn't
argue at all. That's the first time that's
happened," says Armstrong.
In June 1969, long before the new Universities Act, which created the council,
had scarce been dreamt of, Armstrong
made a speech in which he said: "This
province has no system of priorities. It has
long-range plans for its rail, ferry and
power systems, but I see little evidence of
similar planning in education."
For the past three years he has been in a
position to change that, and he glows
when explaining how capital expansion
plans are now on five-year schedules, with
borrowing backed by the provincial government. He says that through such plans
the council can bring greater stability to
the universities' financial affairs.
But the matter of capital expenditures
also raises a sore point. Earlier this fall,
Dr. Howard Petch, PhD'52, president of
the University of Victoria, expressed fears
that individual autonomy would be
eroded in a system whereby a lay council
could in effect set the building priorities
of individual institutions. As another administrator put it, the council can look at
an institution's list of building priorities,
say it doesn't like numbers one, two and
five, and then pick the ones it thinks most
deserving of capital appropriations.
An encroachment on autonomy? Obviously. But the question returns to a matter
of accountability — a he-who-pays-the-
piper-calls-the-tune-situation. The
money comes from the public purse,
should it not be representatives of the
public who decide?
Those representatives are occasionally
viewed as obstacles in the entire
universities-to-council-to-government
process. Aside from Armstrong and Fritz
Bowers (like the chairman, a former professor of engineering, who is now Vancouver city manager), the council comprises mostly non-academics.* One administrator says flatly that he doesn't
think most of them understand the way a
university works, the need for balance between practical job-oriented disciplines
and some ofthe more ethereal pursuits.
"People on the council tend to use a
business yardstick, which is not appropriate to the university," says John Dennison, BPE'59, MPE'60, a UBC professor
of education. "Universities are complex
organizations and it is unwise to apply the
same criteria as you would in a business
situation."
He feels the universities should take
part in the process of familiarizing council
members with the complexities. "They're
mostly lay people, and I expect that (Dr.
lb Edward
Chapman
uty
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e
Armstrong) has to do a great deal oj
educating." Another administrator ">e
lieves Armstrong has surrounded him< elf |"b.
with a number of too-strong council „?T
members, whom he can't control.
Because council members have ot'iei
responsibilities, there is considerable e-
liance on support staff for data. Four e
search officers, one for each ofthe stat cling committees, are employed by he
council, along with a financial advisor, an
executive director, a part-time librar an
and a small complement of secretai al
support staff. The research officers a so
do work for a number of ad hoc comrr it
tees.
In the past there has been criticism tl at
the council's research staff were i l-
prepared to examine the internal workings of the universities, but UBC's
recently-appointed dean of medicine ,W <l-
liam Webber,MD'58, sees that situation
changing. "Previously both parties were
just feeling their way. An element of
mutual confidence has to develop, and
now that is really starting to emerge," says
the dean. As far as his own faculty is concerned, he is particularly pleased with the
appointment of Gerry Schwartz as executive director of the council because
Schwartz has a background in hospital
administration — a great help to those
trying to plan expansion in the health sciences.
The role of the universities council is
expanding too, and there seems little
doubt that it is here to stay. It has drawn
fire from some quarters for being a
functionary of the ministry of education
by becoming involved in such issues as the
winding up of Notre Dame University,
last spring's furore over faculty members'
outside consulting activities and the development of new post-secondary teach
ing programs in the Interior (a job some
think should fall entirely to the colleges
council).
But the brickbats fly at minor targets or
specific situations. It would be hard to
imagine any public agency functioning to
the pleasure of all immediately after it wss
established.
Armstrong's term as chairperson e; -
pired at the end of September; he has the
thing, as he puts it, "up and running "
Few would argue that the principles on
which it runs — public accountability an d
removal ofthe universities from politic* l f
interference — aren't for the gener<
good.n
* Ofthe current council, four members in
addition to Dr. Armstrong have UBC
degrees: Bernard Gillie, BA'44, BEd'Sl,
David Helliwell, BA'57; Percy Sandwell
BASc'35 and Frank E. Walden,
BCom'38.
Murray McMillan is a second year law
student at UBC and a part-time writer for
the Sun.
16   Chronicle Winter, 1977 -.TBr-^pjE
Mi meets science at UBC
Art arid science have been united in
a unique way at UBC by Prof. Lionel
Thomas, of the Department of Fine
Arts, and Prof. Michael Ovenden, who
startled the scientific world in 1972
with a theory that a giant planet blew
up between Mars and Jupiter several
million years ago.
His artistic imagination triggered by
the Apollo landing on the moon. Prof.
Thomas began attending Prof.
Ovenden's UBC astronomy lectures,
where according to Prof. Ovenden, he
"derived things from them that even !
didn't know were there."
Conversations between the two
men led to a decision to produce a
book on the origin of the 88
constellations, the groupings of stars
named after gods, heroes, animals and
mythological beings by ancient
astronomers.
Since then, Prof. Thomas has been
producing intaglio etchings and reliefs
as well as enamels on copper and glass,
most of them in brilliant and unusual
color combinations, to illustrate the
text being written by Prof. Ovenden.
The black-and-white intaglio relief
print reproduced above is for the
constellations Sagittarius — the archer
— and Capricornus — the goat. In
astrological terms these cover the
periods Nov. 23 to Dec. 21 and Dec.
22 to Jan. 20, respectively.
Since exhibiting 226 of his etchings
and enamels at the MacMillan
Planetarium in Vancouver in July and
August, Prof.- Thomas has been kept
busy answering letters of enquiry from
North American galleries and
planetariums eager to show his work.
Okanagan residents will be able to
see exhibits from Dec. 12-31 in
galleries in Vernon, Penticton and
Kelowna. Other exhibits of his work
are set for Oklahoma City in February,
where a new science centre called the
Continued on page 15
stobbbi ruooer ooat, nor. a Biugpi
spent sleeping in a sewage plant
could dampen the spirits of 60
first-year Architecture students
who took a unique look at the
waterfront in Vancouver and vicin-
ity earlier this year. And a UBC
Architecture graduate is behind a
new self-help house completed recently on the UBC campus. See
pages 2 and 3.
Twenty years ago this fall, UBC
became the 'hawen for the faculty
and students of Hungary's Sopron
forestry school after they fled their
country during the 1956 rewqlu-
tion. Some 100 of the exiles
gathered at UBC in October for a
reunion. See pages 6 and 7.
tCemote sensing is a new discipline that enables scientists to look
at our planet in new ways through
the study of photographs taken by
satellites and high-flying aircraft.,
One member of the Faculty of
Forestry is using the results for
teaching and research. See pages 8
and 9.
Ui
P'BC's president, Dr. Douglas
Kenny, was in Whitehorse in November for the opening of a new
teacher-training centre staffed by
the Faculty of Education. A. few
days later he delivered a hardhitting speech on higher education
to the Vancouver Board of Trade.
See pages 10 and 11.
U.
iBC's Centre for Continuing Education can arrange for you to visit
faraway places with' strange-sounding names as part of a program that
combines travel with learning. See
page 16. .fr''u^T'V fym^eair^
< f if« w:,rtt vi.f,* Ucj88'3Sn«.v om§ feloriee* spsisies and our ejuorkw v5trim fn iJw nwrw? (»fe rkii%i' i> survn i/var3 «
,L« si' ro^jiiftas., "" "JBC R&p&fiS took n look at a ecsMpio of cha prugia'sis wfiwJf «c r«/er'in«] . vW'^ i'~ .»,•'
»-twM ,%.i««50 in rou mjyg ©-T JaoSring et, and dealing with, our eiwirommenL fl TEic Hue projsr©fii ewS; a tyc**^ "W
^aw->Si'fe psfsforog firsfl^yoar arehifeetwr© ©n a two-week expSotaticw oT Vane n c< <s watetfwssi;, Tte »2&wa!
.rr : J">«n Tlifcfe fe^irn « ? Cow Sinning Education cowie in 1975„ rasulied iss ,i 15,1 n? nomm bylWers, Viti*; «f/a
°"'M\<^\ w MiMftjJ 'AlwA* own i!wirt§ space some day, constructing a house for mamsc! UBC studhnts last w^mC"*.*
■rofA 4li" ^MW.^rtcat to the practical. '• .       .
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"The first 24 hours were crucial," says John Gaitanakis
from the perspective of his warmly-lit office some two
months after the workshop. He is remembering the rainy
cold weather which persisted, remembering that one of the
eight rubber zodiac rafts was stolen, that the group had to
camp overnight in an industrial park for want of a better
place along the waterfront.
"But after the initial disappointment, the group really
got together." The group he is referring to was'60 students
having their first taste of architecture through a two-week
live-in experience at the end of August. These workshops,
part of the UBC architecture program since 1968, introduce
students who will be spending their next three years
studying architecture to different ways of looking at their
environment and to each other.
"We bad to really trust each other. We didn't
know what was going on; we weren't told where
we were going. We didn't know anybody else. It
was really a struggle/"
The last few workshops have concentrated on the city,
explained Gaitanakis, an assistant professor of architecture
who has been involved in- the workshops from the start.
This year, the city was approached from a perspective
common only to a select group - those who work on and
near the water.
"You know, it rained for tha whole week, tat S
newer heard anyone complain about it."
For many of the students, and at least one visiting
2/UBC Reports
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faculty member, it was their first close look at Vancouver
At least half of the Architecture students are not nativi
Vancouverites.
"I'm' convinced that Vancouver should be viewed fr
the waterfront. It's a way of linking the city that has
overlooked," Gaitanakis says.
Its    recreational    possibilities    have    certainly    beei™
overlooked, as the architecture students found out. Puttini nC
their eight rubber rafts into the water at Wreck Beach, on
the tip.of Point Grey, the group travelled up the Fraser t( ,-t
New   Westminster,   visited   Steveston,   the   Iona   sewage
processing plant, Vancouver harbor, moored at Coal Harboi
and, on the sixth day of the adventure, portaged from Coal
^ 7"
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"So this is why they call it -,h? Muady Fraser" i;hor to False Creek along the path of the now-forgotten
irn'11 Street Canal. They found few places to camp, spent
>c niqht in an industrial park and another in the sewage
j
!•   "1 hey Set us sleep in the ss«?a§e plant because tli®
!    weather was so miserable."
The second week of the workshop was spent in the more
surely surroundings of Rockwoods, a UBC-owned
nference centre on the waterfront of West Vancouver.
They discovered that the Fraser was mainly reserved for
•tustrial purposes; that recreation along the river meant
kle-deep mud and few access points from the city. That
>st people's contact with the Fraser and the salt water
.-rounding the city is a view of the water as they drive
(er the many bridges which link the land surrounding the
iter.
They also got an introduction to working closely with
other  people.  It's a lesson that will come in handy
■ring the year, with working space so cramped in the
-hstecture student area.
"What you're doing Is becoming a family with the
people you're going to b® working with. When you
. pt out into practice, you're rarefy working on
your own. Negotiation is such a large part of the
■    profession of architecture.
"I'm not sure that getting to know the other
i    p»pSe was part ©f the intention of th© workshop?
it; may Just haw been one of the byproducts."
fGuitanakis smilingly confirmed it to be definitely
one of the intentions.!
It wasn't just a sight-seeing trip. Along the way,
found work had been done by former UBC architecture
tudents now involved with the waterfront so that the 60
tudents and eight faculty members were introduced to
rchitects, planners, archivists, aldermen and a number of
ithers who could offer a view of the land-water interface.
One of the people who shared a day with the students
vas Jim Mcintosh who has made a point of introducing
jeople of alt ages to the Fraser — where it can be improved
ind where it should be left alone. Architects must take
lature into account, he told them, describing the Fraser at
fell's Gate. "They were a lively, curious and highly
notivated pack of people," he said.
! Exploring the urban waterfront in this way is very much
5" i part of education in architecture, Gaitanakis explains.
( The architect is not concerned only with buildings today;
Continued on page 4
See WATERFRONT
"Jim Mcintosh gives a lecture on ihe Fraser, literally
2-    *
The self-help house. The solar house. Acadia house. And
probably many other names have become attached to the
project recently completed in Acadia Camp at UBC.
Whatever you might call it — and its many names suggest its
many .innovative features — the house has attracted
attention from near and far ever since it was begun in the
spring of '77. .
The actual building, that is, was begun in the spring. The
reality of the 1000 sq. ft., two-storey house grew out of a.
series of courses in housing and housing theory, many of
which were offered (and continue to be offered! through
UBC's Centre for Continuing Education, beginning in the
winter of '75.
The two main people behind these courses, and .behind,
the Canadian Self-Help Housing Association which was
founded in those years, are^ UBC architecture graduate
Charles Haynes and UBC community planning graduate
Bruce Fairbairn. Together they've introduced the concept
of building your own home to hundreds of people who
have a dream.
Acadia House (we'll stick with that name to avoid
confusion) was officially opened on Nov. 4 and is now
home for a married student family as part of UBC's Acadia
Camp. The two-bedroom, no-basement house was built on
weekends by students enrolled in a Continuing Education
course. None of the 35 builders (which included 6 women)
had any previous experience in construction, but they
learned. Everything from laying, the foundation through
using power tools, plumbing and the final electrical-
touches.
The house, designed by Charles Haynes, features among
other things solar water heaters installed in the south-facing
roof to supply heat for the house and to pre-heat the
'domestic water; a solar heat absorbing and radiating wall to
help heat the house in winter and cool it in summer;
home-made double-glazed windows; and recycled doors.
Continued on page 4
See ACADIA HOUSE
UBC Reports/3 "^
^J&**>
Continued from page 3
he is concerned with the surroundings in which his building
is to be situated. In any architectural project, the site is
very important." To become familiar with the site of the
City of Vancouver makes a lot of sense, because for the
next three years, the site of many student projects will
indeed be this city.
"They (the faculty members! keep on telling us
to make the unfamiliar familiar, and to make the
familiar unfamiliar. The workshop w^s just one
part of the process they're putting us through, to
make us look at things differently. And when
you're doing design, that's really important."
And in spite of the rain and other minor disasters, how
did the workshop turn out? Gaitanakis smiles. "I saw the
city in a way I had never ever seen it before. I had no idea it
was going to turn out the way it did. It turned out,
brilliantly."
4/UBC Reports
Mc«dla II
Continued from page 3
windows, banisters and plumbing fixtures. Materials fr
the house totalled $12,000 to $1*5,000, or about $15 p£
sq. ft. finished price. Considering that ordinary housing wi
cost you between $30 and $35 per sq. ft., learning to bull
your own house makes a lot of sense.
Funding for the materials was obtained through th-
Housing Department at UBC and the project Wc
co-sponsored by the Canadian Self-Help Housitiy
Association, the Acadia Camp Tenants Association and the
Centre for Continuing Education.
But this isn't the end of self-help housing. A special
designing-building course, based on the Acadia House
experience, was offered in the fall and another construction
course will be offered by the Centre .for Continuing
Education in the spring and summer of '78.
And for those who want to follow the Acadia House
example, a 30-sheet set of detailed blueprints and a
100-page design and construction manuai is available from
Continuing Education. with
sunshine lifting spirits, students portage through Gastown from Coal Harbor to False Creek on the last leg of the journey.
yv$4
''°yi{
Relaxing at Rockwoods in West Vancouver, students enjoy a talk by John Gaitanakis who masterminded the workshop.
UBC Reports/5 mfr:"."; (.-'KferpOcpnj r^pn^w
^yMmi
nkm§cmi&m% hcmm
imwfyaQ
"Do you or any of your fellow
Hungarians regret fleeing your homeland and coming to Canada?"
The question is addressed to Prof.
Oscar Sziklai, now a member of UBC's
Faculty of Forestry, who was teaching
at the Forest Engineering University of
Sopron in western Hungary when
revolution broke out in that country's
capital, Budapest, in October, 1956.
Prof. Sziklai's answer comes
without hesitation: "I'm certain that
every night, as they turn out their
lights and go to bed, 99 per cent thank
God they were able to get out and
come to Canada."
About the only tangible reminder
that UBC was the haven for the
Sopron foresters in the late 1950s is a
stone plaque that hangs in
International House on the campus. It
shows two hands firmly clasped
together and carries the inscription
"UBC Adopted Sopron 1956-60/'
The continuing affection of the
Sopron foresters for UBC was clearly
in evidence at UBC this fall when some
100 of 141 Hungarians who graduated
with combined Sopron-UBC degrees
were reunited on Oct. 8 in UBC's Thea
Koerner Graduate Student Centre. For
the exiles, some of whom came from
as far away as New Brunswick, it was
an evening of dining, dancing, greeting
old friends and reliving memories —
some good, some bad.
in his MacMillan Building office at
UBC, Prof. Sziklai reminisces about
the events of October and November,
1956.
"The Hungarian revolution was
started in Budapest and in other
Hungarian cities by students," he said.
"The students of the forestry school
and the younger faculty members,
myself included, found themselves in
charge of the revolution In Sopron,
which is a town of about 30,000
people 240 kilometres west of
Budapest and 10 kilometres from the
Austrian border.
"Civil government in the town
broke down soon after the revolution
started and we found that we were
virtually in charge of Sopron. Students
ran the railway leading to Budapest
and the University became a
warehouse for relief supplies destined
for Budapest.
"We also had some grave problems
on our hands. For instance, we had to
restrain many exiled Hungarians who
drifted back over the nearby Austrian
S/UBC Reports
border and who were bent on
returning to their communities to
eliminate.communist party officials.
"We also thought we had the
support of the Hungarian army. They
promised to supply guns to fight the
Russians when they arrived. However,
they removed certain key parts from
the guns which prevented them from
firing on the Russian tanks that arrived
on Nov. 4.
"We realized then that we had been
betrayed by the military, and most of
the students and faculty members
decided to flee to Austria. When !
crossed the border, I had nothing but
the clothes f had on and a small
gas-mask bag that contained an electric
razor, a German dictionary and two
chocolate bars.
"We expected that we would be
able to return to Sopron and that
American tanks would enter Austria
and defeat the Russians. Wherv we
realized this wasn't going to happen,
we felt we'd been betrayed a second
time."
The future of the refugees and their
families looked grim. Austrian officials
treated the students who Sett their
country under arms as combatants and
interned them. Others, including
faculty members and their families,
were housed in refugee camps.
The dean of the Sopron school,
Kalman Roller, sent letters to the
governments of 20 countries
explaining the Hungarians'
predicament. Canada's response was
the most generous. Two federal
■ cabinet ministers of the day. Jack
Pickersgill and James Sinclair, enlisted
the aid of UBC's then president. Dr.
Norman MacKenzie, and the former
Powell River Company.
Within a few weeks, arrangements
had been made for the Sopron school
to be airlifted to Canada where they
would continue their studies at UBC
after a series of orientation lectures at
Powell River, where the exiles were
housed in a recently-abandoned
construction camp.
Some 300 Hungarians — 200
students, 28 faculty members and
more than 80 dependents — arrived in
Canada early in December, 1956.
The ensuing four years, during
which 141 of the Sopron students-
graduated with degrees in forestry,
were not without their difficulties for
the refugees, who had to grapple with
a     new     language     that    bears    no
a
resemblance to Hungarian
overcome the trauma
acclimatization to a totally ni
culture. Sports proved to be
powerful integrating force; many
the Hungarian students vw
outstanding members of UBC socc;
basketball, volleyball, wrestli!
fencing and tennis teams,
A solemn autumn occasion on 1'
UBC campus in those days was
march by the exiles to the V.1,
Memorial Gymnasium, where they Ir
a wreath at the base of the, memor-
wall in 'the gym lobby i
commemorate 'the outbreak of 1
Oct. 23 revolution.
j      Prof. '  Sziklai    and    his    -Sopri1,
colleague   Prof.   Laszlo ' Adajnovifi ■
who also teaches forestry at UBJfc, h<i'
kept track of graduates since the W
class received their degrees in 1961. , :
Most of them have been fu'l. •
integrated into Canadian society an
the forestry profession. A few chanw-
professions while students or afic' ,
graduation. One graduated i ■
engineering from UBC, anoth .
returned to earn a degree In medicinr' ',-
a third is in real estate.
Even those who can be classified a,;
drop  outs  from  the Sopron sehcr'!!
'have, by and large, found success iii
government service, the hotel busine:1 ,
and as technicians.
The majority of the Sopror
forestry graduates. — more than 80 |."3i
cent — have stayed in Canada and 1
of them live in British Columbia. Thd1,
tend ■ to be concentrated in the-,.
regions of the country whereforesi»;
is the main industry. V ,
Of the 28 Sopron faculty member
more than 20 have remained in Caned
and 15 live in B.C. They continue i
practise forestry at universities or
government ■ or private resea
organizations. A few are employed
the engineering profession.
"An interesting point about
Sopron graduates is that they don''
move around very much," says Prof,
Sziklai. "Once they join a company,
they tend to stay with it, even thou
they may be moved from
company location to another,"
Asked if there is a reason, Prof,
Sziklai muses for a moment.
"Probably,"     he     says,     smiling,
"because   they   made   one   big jum
from   Europe   to   Canada   and   they
figure that's enough mileage to last a[
lifetime." October reunion of th© Sopron forestry school included fleftl those ex-
Ihy Hungarians who remained at UBC
1 iacuity members and three key
"irrt'S who helped make arrangements
mt i hem to come to Canada. Left to
right are: Leslie Adamovich and Oscar
Sziklai, both professors In UBC's Fae-
ulty of Forestry; Geoffrey C. Andrew,
who was UBC's deputy president when
the Hungarians came to Canada in
1956; Leslie Paszner, associate professor of forestry at UBC; John Liersch, a
former member of UBC's Board of
Governors who was a senior official in
the former Powell River Co., which
provided housing for the exiles in
1956; James Sinclair, the former federal cabinet minister who enlisted
UBC's aid in providing a haven for the
exiles; Antal Kozak, now associate
dean of UBC's forestry faculty; and
Louis Medweczky, a former Sopron
faculty member who retired recently
from teaching in UBC's German department.
Solemn autumn occasion in late 1950s
at UBC was march by Sopron students
to UBC's War Memorial Gymnasium,
where wreath was laid at base of the
memorial wall in the gym lobby to
©©mmemorate outbreak of the Oct. 23
revolution.
UBC Reports/7 yy
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Peter Murtha is one UBC scientist
who uses satellites to both teach and
do research.
He is part of a new generation of
"remote sensing" experts who
interpret information about the earth
recorded by satellites and aircraft.
An elementary but fascinating
example of the power of remote
sensing is a photograph. on Dr.
Murtha's    wall    in    the    MacMillan
Building. It's of the Gulf of
Georgia-Puget Sound area shown at a
scale of one to 500,000. At that scale,
the width of a thin pencil line drawn
on the photograph covers an area that
is actually one half kilometer wide.
Yet in spite of the vast scale, each of
the government ferries can be seen
travelling between Vancouver - and
Vancouver Island.
Satellites that supply some of the
Remote-sensing expert Dr. Peter Murtha used 21 satellite images to create this
map of the Indonesian island of Sulawesi, where a UBC-organized team of experts
is currently working on a development plan.
L _ ___	
8/UBC Reports
information he interprets have a pol.
orbit. They travel in a longitudin
direction from pole to pole and m
east to west, following the sun, so t
the earth beneath is continuous
illuminated, allowing for informati
to be recorded continuously.
Unrelated to his remote sensi
research, Dr. Murtha is participating i fie-
a series of educational televisio 8a
programs. The experimental prbgrarr Dai
are beamed to communities in B.( |h
using a communications satellite. taj
The     Hermes    communication ?U
satellite is directly over the equator i ^
an orbit that never shifts in relation t jdi
Canada. Whether it's night or day, th
satellite is always overhead in positio
to transmit.
The    experimental    programs   ar
transmitted    to    the    satellite    fn
Vancouver   and   sent   back  down &
receivers    in     Kelowna,    ChslSiwac
Campbell River, Dawson Creek, and
Pitt     Lake     logging     camp    nea:
Vancouver. (See box below right.)
The very core of remote sensing i.
the interpretation of electro-magneti
signals or radiation, some of whic
can't be detected by the human ey
The light we see represents a smal:
fraction of the radiation in ti
universe. Radio, television an
microwaves have wavelengths muc
longer than visible, light. X-rays
gamma rays and ultraviolet light havi
shorter wavelengths than visible light.
So far, the electro-magnetic signa
most important to remote sensing ii
near-infrared light. It has a wavelength
only slightly longer than visible light.
Electronic instruments and
photographic gear mounted on
satellites and aircraft are sensitive to a
range of radiation, including
near-infrared. By combining an
comparing signals of differen
wavelengths, experts can produce an,
amazingly detailed and accurate'
interpretation of the earth below.
"The usefulness of remote sensing
to Canada is enormous," said Dr.
'Murtha, associate professor in UBC's
Faculty of Forestry and in the Faculty
of Agricultural Sciences' Department
of Soil Science.
"Canada is large and thinly
populated. Remote sensing can give us
much useful information to help
manage our resources. e
j "Through     interpreting    remote
ng   data   we   can  determine  the
ce of land formations, identify
and weeds, pin-point disease in
and agricultural crops, evaluate
ife habitats and detect or monitor
tion.
Remote sensing can be used for a
of activities ranging from
snaging wildlife populations to
jjan planning. It allows us to deal
th large areas, yet work with great
tail."
w [Under a grant from Agriculture
mada, Dr. Murtha and graduate
ident Kent Watson carried out a
:h ijject to classify B.C. rangeland, the
ndamental resource of the province's
ef cattle industry. Their work allows
ricultural specialists to continually
kiate their rangeland classification
Ips.
Another remote sensing project was
i map   forest  cutting   on   southern
ancouver    Island.    "It    would    be
ipossible  to do this work  on  the
in a week," Dr. Murtha said,
did it in one afternoon."
is work isn't limited to Canada,
thout     leaving    the     photo
erpretation    laboratory    in    the
cMillan    Building,    he    provided
detailed information to a group of
Canadians working in Southeast Asia.
The Canadians are trying to- hammer
out a 'development plan for the
Indonesian island of Sulawesi, five
times the size of Vancouver Island and
supporting a population of about 10
million people. Sulawesi is a brutal
area to map. It consists of four
mountainous peninsulas joined
together at the centre.
Using 21 satellite images, he
mapped the land systems of the entire
island, and provided the Canadian
team with information fundamental to
their work. The development project,
incidentally, is being carried out by
OBC under contract to the Canadian
International Development Agency.
UBC's involvement ' in remote
sensing is increasing. Dr. Murtha last
year spearheaded a proposal by a
group of UBC faculty members. As a
result, new positions and .equipment
are being funded for a centre of
excellence in remote sensing.
"Given B.C.'s topography, it makes
sense for us to move into remote
sensing," Dr. Murtha said. "We can do
things with it we couldn't do before,
and we can do things we could do
before much faster."
eachlng by satellite
lets off the ground
is UBC was part of a
h i'aching-by-television project that
tjegan in late October with the help of
Canadian-built    satellite    named
n }ermes.
Hermes allowed organizations that
articipated in the provincial
vernment's distance-education
iment - — officially called the
llite Tele-Education Project — .to
nge information even though
dent and teacher were hundreds of
tiles apart.
UBC, as well the two other public
miversities,    the    B.C.    institute   of
t echnology, regional colleges and
ither organizations arranged
•fogramming that was transmitted
com the Provincial Education Media
) Centre in Burnaby via the satellite to
ireas  participating  in  the   project  —
Chilliwack, Campbell River, Dawson
Creek, Kelowna and a logging camp at
the north end of Pitt Lake.
UBC programming included three
public health forums on arthritis,
diabetes and heart disease organized
by the Department of Biomedical
Communications, and programs on the
history of medicine by Dr. William C.
Gibson, legal research for the layman,
the use of computers by librarians, and
a series on forestry and forest
education.
Biomedical Communications also
co-ordinated a grand rounds in ear,
nose and throat problems using actual
patients. The program was* intended
for physicians and health workers.
All the programs featured two-way
communication that allowed watchers
to question experts in the media
centre's Burnaby studios.
UBC has proposed that it establish
one or two university centres in the
Interior of B.C. to offer upper-year
courses in arts, professional-year work
in education, and some work in a few
professional fields.
The proposal has been made to the
Interior University Programs Board,-:
an adjunct of the Universities
Council, established- to advise the
council and the provincial government
on provision of higher education in the
Interior.
Prof. Ronald Shearer, chairman of
the President's Committee on Interior
Programs, told the October meeting of
UBC's Senate that this year the
Interior Board has provided funds to
enable UBC to offer some 30 Faculty
of Education courses in Interior
centres and to improve
communication between students and
teachers involved in independent study
courses.
Funds have also been provided to
permit Interior students to take a
certificate program in the education of
young children, for professional
development courses for foresters and
for non-credit courses offered by the
commerce faculty.
Prof. Shearer said programs for the
longer term "should reflect the
educational preferences, heeds and
requirements of Interior residents."
The Interior, he added, should not be
regarded "as an education laboratory
for carrying on- education
experiments."
The University centres proposed by
UBC would be located at community
colleges, but would be administratively
separate from them. - Each centre
would have its own resident faculty,
selected by and appointed to UBC
departments.
"And we are proposing that at
these University centres we' . . .
establish library resources that are
adequate by UBC standards-to put on
the courses requested," Prof. Shearer
said. "We do not propose to skimp on
the library unless, of course, it is
forced on us by budgetary
considerations."
UBC's proposals, and those from
other public universities, are in the
hands of the Interior Board, which will
make recommendations to the
Universities Council.
UBC Reports/9 &®GBtl<£ ©1©
lfflow@reitf m
A slightly edited vereiop of President Douglas Kenny's Nov. 14
address to the Vancouver Board of Trade begins below.
You see before you today .a concerned individual. My concern has
been growing gradually over the past
decade, and while I have no wish to
depress you, I believe it is at least
appropriate, if not essential, that I
share my concerns with you at. this
juncture in the history of Canada. I'm
concerned, not primarily because I am
a university president who wishes to
engage in special interest-pleading, but
about us and our country.
My message today is a very simple
one. There are strong indications that
Canadians are in a headlong retreat
from their commitment to higher education. I sense a faltering of vision of
what it's all about in Canada. Confusion over the priorities of the nation
and the downturn in the economy
have shaken this nation's commitment
to higher education.      .
We are losing sight of the vital role
that universities play in our nation.
The cultural, political, social and economic future of Canada depends
vitally on the cultivation and development of our human talent and minds.
At stake is our survival as an independent country.
The days of the unlimited frontier
of raw, natural resources are coming to
a rapid end. Canadians are up against
the last frontier which is ourselves and
our talent.
Time is running out on us, for other
nations are playing a different game.
They are playing a knowledge-based
game.
But, have no doubt about it. A
gradual strangulation of our universities is taking place. Our national and
provincial policies toward our universities have become overly restrictive. This drift must be reversed if.
universities are to play their proper
role in society, as institutions for
attaining excellence, an excellence
which sustains prosperity, the quality
of -life and ensures that Canada is a
progressive country.
I would like to zero in on a few
questions which symbolize this retreat,'
questions that greet any university
president, wherever he goes: "Aren't
we sending too many individuals to
universities?"
"To be specific, can UBC really
justify having 23,000 students on its
campus?"
"Do we not have an abundance of
graduates, especially in the arts?"
"What are humanities degrees good
for?"
"Should we not sort out youngsters
at an early age in order to dispatch
them to vocationally-oriented tracks?"
"Shouldn't universities give more
attention to the needs of the economy
— with some indirect line to manpower?"
"Don't professors really rip off
. society with their high salaries and
their moonlighting?"
"Can't the skyrocketing costs of
higher education be brought under
control?"
Such questions are endless, but
they all have one implied feature in
common, a generalized weakening in
the commitment to higher education.
Please do not misunderstand.me. S
make no plea for sympathy. I make no
plea that universities should not come
under scrutiny, especially as the tax
burden looms larger in public discourse. I make no plea that we stand
on a pedestal of heroic virtue.
I believe it is my 'duty to warn you
of the dangers ahead. The public must
come to grips with the fact of the slow
financial strangulation of our Canadian
universities and the virus of anti-
intellectual ism that rides within our
nation and province. Also, you must
realize that the debate over the future
of our universities is essentially one
over human values, above and beyond
economic productivity.
It is almost trite to say that the
issue of the primacy of education is of
importance to all of us — patents,
students, taxpayers, business, the professions, governments and professors.
In the final analysis^ the nature,of our
universities will be set by the collective
will of the people. ■'
Accordingly, I do urge you to start
thinking about the problem because
Canadians may be the losers.
Have our Canadian universities
done a good job in providing higher
education and assisting the nation?
That's a fair question.
Where is the burden of proof to lie?
I believe it lies in the record and
experience of our universities.
Put in its simplest terms, higher
'.education in Canada has an outstand-
Continued on page 12
bo©w cfeo ^(riEaproo
It was a case of below-zero
e
"If
anvir
10/UBC Reports
and a warm reception this mont y a
UBC contingent headed by Pre ome^
Doug Kenny that travelled to 'encjj,
horse for' the official opening j,-|ten
Yukon Teacher Education Progra »Yc
The program, funded by the} m
Territorial Government, got und< iCUfi<
in September and was opened ^ pr
ally on Nov. 9 by Dr. Kenny at jttecj
Art Pearson, a UBC graduate \ sour<
Commissioner of the Yukon Ten    nsl
Plaques showing the coat of ai  »jf
UBC   and   the  coat of arms o ,sjta1
Yukon were hung on the wall i'   ^
reception area of the Nisutlin Ca,y
in Whitehorse, and the official
then   spent   an   hour   talking
students. ftcces
There are 22 students enroll ■ . *
the first phase of the program,' ^
them Yukoners. To enter, the )St>s
quired an undergraduate degree c m
years of university education (in [jrv J
-17 have degrees) and upon compl ^^
of a one-year program they will n ^nt (
certificates enabling them to <•$
elementary school in the Terri ,| a ,
Their courses are handled by mer ^0C|L
(of the UBC faculty who visit VI [0u
horse for a week at a time. lomj,
A second program, for high si i- »\
graduates or mature students jancj
meet UBC entrance requirements f,at
under way in January. This grou| |a j.
spend a year at the Nisutlin Camf yre
year at UBC and then another ye jejnj
Whitehorse- to gain teaching a%ay
cates. The students can tbjjn com s '«
their degree requirement at UB fa \
their own time.       ., we w
More than 50 applications, in >  p
ing 9 from native Indians, have ^e
received already for the 20 openin |rm
the January program. sigr^a
Accompanying Dr. Kenny on Thai
Whitehorse trip were Dean of Ed eelii
tion John Andrews, Associate I "
"Vincent O'Doyiey, Associate Dea §0jn
Arts John Stager,- Education I Yuk
Development Director David Tho ?. q
and Program Supervisor Dennis jng
burn.   ' edu<
At   a   reception  held the  eve men i.i..'i.-i.,,J.a!.iu_'.  .   j.
»'.   ^_ ui
m
ro wlfore the official of, . ..•
lont Id a gathering of '      •> \
"r6 pmewhat    overwhi ■
t0  enclly spirit he hai  «■    ■
!n9 hitehorse.
°W "You should be re >. *<
ne an institution, v..'' ■ «
Jn{*( iculty of Education, i - ii
,ec* is program," he sai'I "<"
y ai itted to it, and we'l. i-. <
j? v sources of the Uni" i ■.
^'i ensure that it will si< u •<
>tai  »n t^Qj-g are probi"-!1'
..c ssitate to get on th    I.-*   I
3N (
j ui t
■ 'ij
".  I
,, I •!
•i 'I i'
Ca
ial
oblerns.
e should be able to st* i\
i >" i'1
•on "i.
If  we  do co-opo
ng snvinced that this w.II
.. iccess,  not  only foi
! id for the Territory,
'» mnr   *ha    ohilriron    gf    1'T
, jar the children
■ lat's really.what w^
>li,   ' .n  <v.'i
..' i   Vi |V   jl •   T
V-   . 'i.iv.'i  i \
lv.i iiln  , non*
Yukon    V. ■
■ iiii r ii •■' ni'i"
'®.c pon, because the fuiui^ of >i^ T,,i>
'"" pry really lies in the ^>ci ■■»»iir   of "-,
^P buth that we are training," the presi-
rf ent continued.
0 "And that's really what the mission
Brr if a university is all about, namely to
ner jroduce high-quality students — and
"■ ^ tou will  have high quality students
oming out of this program.
1 si   »jf tnere  js one thjng tnat | do
ts tand for, it is high quality, and I think
1ts hat the University of British Colum-
DUI jia is a high quality institution. I'm
mf ure Dr. Pearson would agree with me,
ve seing a distinguished alumnus, that it
Cf s a very good university.
m "Yolir cause is basically our cause,
-^ ind because both causes are the same,
.   ve will succeed."
ifl Dan Lang, minister of education in
e_ the Yukon Territorial Government,
1in termed the occasion "of great historic
significance" and paid tribute to Dr.
3n Thomas and to on-site co-ordinator
^ Gelia Dowding.
"Obviously, at a  later date, we're
t)ing   to   have   a   University   of   the
ukon," Mr. Lang said.
10     Commissioner Pearson, after thank-
iS  ing  UBC for developing the teacher
education   program,  said  the govern-
wfment   "acknowledges   that   this   re-
'T
Yukon Territory commisiioner and UBC gradual® Dr. Art Pearson, left, i
President Douglas Kenny bung, plaques showing coats of arms of UBC and
Yukon on the wall of new teacher-education centre in Whitehorse in November.
sponsiveness has presented us with the
opportunity to work with the native
organizations and the teachers' association and with other groups in the
Yukon, who all aspire to what we feel
is a very important and interesting
program for the logical development
of this territory."
Following the official opening on
Nov. 9, Dr. Kenny and others in the
UBC party visited the Yukon Government Building, where the House was in
session, and the UBC president received a desk-slapping ovation from
Yukon MLAs when introduced by Dan
Lang.
Students enrolled in the one-year
certificate program at the .Nisutlin
Campus spoke highly of the program,
but conceded that it is hard work.
Gail Kreitzer, a Yukoner for four
years from Ontario, moved to Whitehorse from Dawson to take part and
said it is a "full-time job, plus evenings."
She said she' had a background in
early childhood-, education and had
been thinking of teaching for a number of years. She hopes to return to
Dawson for a couple of years, "and
then i would like to teach in Whitehorse."
Laura McCabe, from Thunder Bay,
Ontario, has a background in psychology and as a librarian. "I thought S
could utilize both to become a good
teacher/' she said.
She said she and her husband live in
a log cabin they built themselves at
Mile 930 of' the Alaska Highway,
northeast of Whitehorse. "We came up
here about four years ago on our
honeymoon, and we never 'left. The
honeymoon's over, but we're still
here."
"I'm really enjoying it," was Ellen
Johnson's comment when asked about
the teacher education program. She is
from Nelson, B.C., has been a Yukoner
for six years and holds a B.Sc. from
UBC.
UBC Reports/11 Continued from page 10
ing record of achievement behind it.
Ultimately any university makes its
contributions through its graduates
and its research. In terms of this
yardstick, our nation is in debt to all
those universities and professors and
graduates who have contributed so
much to the quality of life in our
country.
St was in 1915 that UBC first
opened its doors, in temporary shacks.
During the first three decades of its
history, the University had difficulty
overcoming the handicap of being
born during the years of World War I,
of growing up through a depression
that saw its budget severely cut, and of
the postponement of its needs to those
of the nation during World War II. In
short, the period from 1915 to 1945
was largely a time of unattained
dreams.
At the end of the war, there was a
national consensus that the country
owed an education to its veterans. The
response of the University of British
Columbia is well-known, going from a
few thousand students to about ten
thousand. President Norman MacKenzie turned the University from a
three-faculty university to a very comprehensive university in the immediate
aftermath of the war. But, he and his
loyal professors did it on a financial
shoestring.
The pioneering shoestring era did
not come to an end until the launching
of Sputnik in 1957. The financial
shoestring could no longer be
stretched at UBC and at other Canadian universities.
As a national priority, Canada engaged .in remarkable attempts to improve postsecondary forms of education in order to upgrade the intellectual talents of the nation. The educational and financial boom for universities lasted for a decade. These were
good times for university presidents
and faculty members. New universities
popped up across Canada like gas
stations used to do in Vancouver.
Universities came to be regarded as
vital instruments in a national quest
for progress.
During this decade, operating and
capital costs of universities mounted.
Why? The shoestring broke because
the gross inadequacies of the past had
to be made up. UBC and other Canadian universities were in a stiff international competition for faculty. Our
libraries were inadequate. Our laboratories were sadly underequipped and
out of date. Support staff was totally
inadequate. The capital plant at UBC
was deficient. .Competition for faculty
drove up salaries. These are the real
reasons why operating, costs of universities spiralled upward for a decade.
12/UBC Reports
By the mid-sixties, UBC had been
transformed from an institution of
provincial importance to one of national and international reputation.
It is ironic that the size of the
University is used to berate us when
the province literally urged us to expand during this decade. I do not
believe, however, that people of this
province have short-term memories. "I
am convinced that thinking people
know that we reached our size during
this period because no'other way made
sense. There was no cheaper way to do
the job of educating the youth of the
province.
To have professors in our classrooms we had to compete for staff
from other countries. Why? Up until
about 1950 Canadians were not prepared to finance expensive graduate
schools. With some exceptions,
scholars of my generation were educated outside Canada. Or putting this
statement somewhat differently, Canada did not produce enough scholars
to become professors. Not surprisingly, then, Canadian universities became dependent upon foreign scholars.
In certain scholarly areas, this remains
as true today as it did in the 1960s.
May I again say that it is ironic that
universities are faulted for having foreign scholars. Personally, I believe Canada owes these people a debt. It is
immoral to criticize universities for
recruiting them.
University's' -
teaching mission
-undermined ■
Mind you, this situation could repeat itself in the 1990s if we too
drastically put the brakes on our
graduate faculties. It takes about a
decade of university education to produce a new assistant professor. Professors recruited during the '60s will be
retiring in the '90s.
Since 1970 the behavior of presidents of many universities in Canada
has been very reminiscent of the visual
gag in the old Bugs Bunny cartoons.
Bugs would be seen walking off a steel
girder on a building under construction and would continue to walk some
distance, as if the girder were still
there. With one sharp look downward,
Bugs would become aware that he had
no support. He would then do a quick
double-take,  and  plunge downwards.
In like fashion, many Canadian
presidents have recognized too late
that the financial rug has been pulled
on his or her university by various
levels of government. Why would they
not have anticipated the rug being
pulled? Very simply. Universities, like
UBC, are budgeted from year to year
by their provincial governments.
I, think you would agree that Ion '
range or short-range planning is a litcje3S
difficult under such budgetary coric]cir
tions. ifia
For example, UBC has been caug|^na<
short by over $3 million during tl em«
past two years. Like other universitil*. w
in Canada, UBC has been subjected!8nt
booms and busts. Today the bust »es
due to the hard crunch of recessic f°P'
and inflation. The crunch is unde ' ;
mining the teaching mission of tl ®nt
University. ie :
How do we overcome our econom 'm'1
difficulties? The answer is simple: \ft line
skimp on the quality of educatic pa'
provided to students. reai
So. far I have focussed on the teac ner
ing mission which is funded by tl love
provincial government. The feder ; W
government largely supports researc w"'
within our universities. I am not beir Oh,
alarmist when I say that UBC is facir [rail
something very close to a crisis i Apr
research funding. Our federal researc ?or
and development investment has bee jirrs
declining during the past few year ; B'
This decline in federal support f< pr
research represents a dangerous chant f t
in public policy that threatens ti the
future of this country. ah
The federal government lool kA
around for belts to tighten — the bel yni
must be outside its own establishmen jty
of course. So it tightens the. belt o ^n
research funds, and that's hitting a fnk
universities badly. I can tell you th< } q
research establishments within unive ^j
sities are getting really worried. Tl )t|-
research and development thrust i ' q
Canada is weakening. ^
There is no question in my min ja| (
that at UBC the research potentialit *: y
has been damaged. Don't take m jjsu
word for it. Reflect on the meaning ( ^c@
the following facts. |)at
In 1970/71 UBC receive^
$13,186,503 for research. Durin nj
1976/77 UBC had a total < ,Ver
$17,074,743 for research. Thi| appeal '&w
to be a significant increase in researc
funding coming into the University ■■ I
But such a comparison -does not tak sine
into account the enemy- of inflatioi ivhc
If the support in current dollars! ;en1
deflated to those of 1970/71 dollarfoh
then we are receiving on I'mar
$10,162,537 today. .Yes,' over $ wet
million is required to bring UBC For
research endeavors back to that c um
1970/71. |or.
I fully accept the fact that govert ^ei
ments must have their eyes on tli ■_ '
bottom line. However, the researc Elorl
endeavors of universities should not b '
permitted to go' down the drain.       ■ 9ra£
Have no doubt, Canada is in tli "^
process of dismantling some of i '4,.
research teams. SC01
I strongly suspect that governmen 8C«
really don't have their prioritif and
straight. A recent poll by the Southal    '
thai jess asked Canadians what element in
r society they valued most — and
answer came back — "education."
adians   apparently   place   an   ex-
ely high value on education. And
rsiti i wnV 's i* tnat tne "eve^ °^ govern-
j:ecj ent financial support for education
lustfp   riot   reflect   the  wishes  of  the
3SSJC  !°P!e?
nde I also strongly suspect that govern-
f \\ ertts don't realize just how serious
ie situation is becoming. The aca-
lorn irnic enterprise in British Columbia is
;: y| ling seriously jeopardized. We're not
atic jbating fat, anymore, because that's
ready gone. The imminent debate is
:eac w how many bones are to be re-
,- tl loved from the skeleton.
der What this means, simply, is lower
3ar< iiality. Now, I don't want to just say,
aeir Oh, please give us more money." I'm
acir fraid not too many people will be
is i npressed by a university's "crying
;art wr" in the context of the nation's
bee irrent economic difficulties.
ear   But I want to say to society, "Be
fi pre of what's happening. Be aware
an; f the consequences at UBC and at
tf ther Canadian universities. These are
ial academic concerns."
sol At UBC, we're on the verge of
bel sing an extremely excellent univer-
ien iy that has served the community
* ° ktremely well. Must we now see it
3 a Ink back and become a mediocre one?
tn« Believe me, the University of
lve Iritish Columbia is the biggest bargain
Tl
the entire province.
Our operating costs per student are
. he lowest of the three western provin-
,in ial universities.
lilt   '
, You might have noted, too, the
m esult of a survey that was published
g( ecently in the local press. It showed
hat UBC spent relatively less on ad-
ninistration than any other Canadian
nn miversity.   in  other  words, more of
ivery dollar spent at UBC goes directly
eai c-ward educating.
ire
it} UBC has graduated 90,474 students
ak iince 1915. Of these graduates, and for
ioi whom we have records, at least 77 per
s ;ent remain in the province of British
ar Columbia, enriching all our lives in
nl tiany ways. And of equal importance,
Over 92 per cent remain in Canada.
IC For a 60-year-old University this has
)een a major accomplishment, not just
for the numbers but particularly for
;n their high quality.
th     Let me use one additional i I lustra-
re tion.
; b     Over  the   past  20 years, we have
graduated 1,190 medical doctors,
tli 5,215 engineers, 2,575 lawyers, and
i 14,371 teachers, to say nothing of the
scores of scientists, dentists, foresters,
nl economists, pharmacists, accountants
tieand so on.
I would not suggest for a moment
sithat the University of British Colum
bia should not be answerable to the
community it serves. But I would
suggest that over the years and, indeed
right now, UBC has -served its community admirably. It's a clean balance
sheet. UBC owes the community nothing. It has been a" bargain — in terms of
its cost and in terms of the illustrious
parade of human resources it .has
cycled back into the community and
into the country.
There is a tendency always to think
of a university in the present tense —
the physical plant, the faculty, the
student body, that "place" out at the
end of Point Grey.
That's not what a university is all
about. What really counts is the end
product and I challenge those who
would criticize the University of
British Columbia to examine out: graduates. Look around you. Our graduates are everywhere in this province.
We're a national resource. We're
turning out the future leaders of Canada. You judge a university, in the
final analysis, by the impact its graduates have on the quality of life. At
UBC, we produce leaders in virtually
every field. We produce both quantity
and quality, and somehow the University of British Columbia has been able
to inspire a loyalty among its graduates that few universities can match.
UBC standards
among highest
in Canada
Canada's universities are far from
perfect. We are not perfect at UBC,
but we are seekers after perfection and
the truth.
Is it wrong that we do so?
Our, standards remain among the
nation's highest. Is it wrong that we
strive to raise the standards still higher,
as we have done recently?
In a certain sense, UBC is an elitist
institution. We do insist that our students are academically qualified before
they enter so they can fully benefit
from the education the University
offers. Any other course of action
would be educationally and fiscally
disastrous.
We cannot and should not guarantee absolute equality of result. Universities are not intended to produce the
miracle of the loaves and the fishes.
Our promotion policies are designed to
produce the very best in our society.
In short, there is nothing wrong
with elitism at UBC. There should be
no places reserved at UBC for the
mediocre. For students, excellence
should be required. Anything less is
pathology or a counterfeit form of
higher education.
We also do deny tenure to those
who are poor teachers or poor
scholars. Sn so far as a professor fails as
a teacher or a researcher, he or she
should have no place at UBC. Excellence is required of our professors
as well as of our students.
Excellence is required in great
depth down through the faculties before its presence is felt fully. One
pointer reading of an excellent faculty
may be gauged by the research support
received from the three national research councils of Canada.
If this standard is employed, then
Canada can be said to have only three
universities at the international! level.
In 1975-76, 47 universities received
support from the federal granting
agencies. However, the bulk, of the
money went to three universities: Toronto, McGill and UBC.
A little over a third of all research
monies goes to these three universities.
Obviously, UBC has excellent scholars.
In the last seven years, our scholars,
have attracted $103,746,210 in research awards into the University. Yes,
that is something of the measure of
our faculty.
Let me move on to the subject of
■faculty salaries.
To begin with, before a person can
become an assistant professor, he must
spend about 8 or 10 years of his adult
life as a student at a university. He has
foregone about $75,000 or more of
earnable income. He spends another 5
years before he earns tenure, if he
receives it. In some ways, he or she is
playing a high-risk game.
Second, if you wish high quality
you have to pay for it. In our society,
persons are paid what they can command in the market. And the competitive market UBC operates in is primarily the Canadian university market —
plus competition from government
and private business.
Faculty are clearly entitled to competitive salaries.
I can assure you that the salaries at
UBC compare favorably with those at '
Toronto and McGill, the universities
that can most logically be compared
with UBC. However, in the last two
years, our salary adjustments for faculty were amongst the lowest in Canada.
Let's talk about the outside profes-,
sional or consulting activities of faculty members.
In my judgment much of the criticism directed against UBC is unwarranted and misguided.
With all of the suspicion and the
spotlight of publicity directed at UBC
on this score, it is important to keep in
mind that .only one case has been
cited.
The morally responsible majority of
1,817    continuing   faculty    members
Continued on page 14
UBC Reports/13 Continued from page 13
should not bear the unnecessary costs
of suspicions because of one blemish.
Expose* of one error in Judgment
may leave some with the picture that
all professors are ripping- the system
off. That kind of picture is wholly
wrong.
I don't think you really believe that
our success is due to ripping off the
public. You are not that naive.
We'll stand on the record.
Yes, it is quite possible that there
may have been a few errors in the past.
As we all know, what was right at one
time has become wrong at another. In
his presidential report for the academic year 1963-64, Dr. John B.
Macdonald stated .with pride: "The
mere presence of the University guarantees that hundreds of highly skilled
men and women in hundreds of
fields are accessible to business, to
government, and to individuals for
consultation and recommendation. We
do not know how many members of
the faculty are engaged in consulting;
we do know that the number is
large."
We are not dealing with potentially
delinquent school children. We are not
going to over-react and hamstring
1,800 faculty members to prevent the
warts and blemishes of the limited
few. Ultimately, we can and must rely
on the integrity of the faculty.
So what we have done is let up
some broad and flexible rules. And I
suppose we'll have to build up something analagous to case law. We will
reach decisions as each difficult case
arises, developing precedents with
which to compare future cases.
You may ask, why permit any
outside professional activity?
In my mind, society should be
outraged if it could not make good use
of the highly-trained people within the
University. There must be provisions
for making these people available, as
long as the outside activities do not
detract from a faculty member's primary commitment to teaching and
scholarship.
Two strong points must be kept in
mind.
Professional skills must be kept up.
Take medicine and dentistry, and it
becomes obvious that you want faculty who can do as well as teach.
Secondly, society needs the fullest
possible use of the highly trained
faculty.
I would not for a moment suggest
that this is much ado about nothing,
but it is certainly much ado about very
little, when considered against the
overall picture and against the many
more pressing problems of the University. Our strengths at UBC overshadow
any of our imperfections.
I believe that it is of paramount
14/UBC Reports     •
importance that the traditional centra!
mission of the University be largely
preserved — a special kind of institution devoted to high quality teaching
and high quality research. The two
must be meshed, and that's why UBC
will continue to be expensive.
Within this central mission, the
University must have three objectives:
broad strength, pursuit of excellence
and direct service to the province and
the nation.
These objectives are not platitudes.
They are the foundation upon
which any great university stands.
Without them, UBC wbuld be in serious trouble.
They are expensive objectives, but
without them, Canada is not going to
be able to compete and survive as a
culturally and economically independent country. We will constantly find
ourselves importing excellence.
I don't think we have to forever
import excellence. I believe we can
create it here and I firmly believe we
should create it here.
Society needs
to use highly
trained faculty
Critical to the future success of ithis
University is that we resist vigorously
the temptation to give in to our
friendly critics who suggest that we
should weaken the liberal arts sector
of the University and simultaneously
vocationalize our undergraduate programs.
Short-term factors, such as the unemployment problem in Canada,
should not be the primary issue in this
debate.
As you know, the cry has gone up
that we're turning out too many graduates, ' particularly in the arts, that
there aren't enough jobs. '
To the latter complaint, I say "nonsense!"
Unemployed people are unemployed people, whether educated or
not.
Please keep in mind that there is a
high correlation between level of education and employment in Canada.
- The   less   education,   the   greater
chance of unemployment.
The labor force data in Canada
clearly indicates that university graduates have the lowest unemployment
rate. In 1975, the unemployment rate
of graduates was three per cent, as
compared to eight per cent for school
level workers.
So much for the myth that universities produce unemployment.
Some individuals have suggested
that our educational programs should
be more geared to manpower needs.
We all know that predictions abor
occupational demands need to be ji'
terpreted with extreme caution m {
open society. Canada's past perforr'
ance in this area suggests that oi
forecasting capacities are very pofi
and that predictions have often bet\,
completely wrong. Until we are bettp
at predicting the course of the ocoi
omy five to seven years ahead, f.
casts of future occupational derna
will be of doubtful value.
UBC nas, from its very beginning
1915, recognized the need to pre
students for careers in the profess
UBC will remain dedicated to
proposition that we can and
provide both good professional
.good academic education to our
ents. UBC simply insists upon
responsibilities to its students to mai
tain both kinds of programs.
Undergraduate students requii
more from a university than just ms
ketable skills.
This fact is reflected in the tw
' groups traditionally believed to ha\
the greatest difficulty in obtainir
employment, namely, . the arts an
science graduates. Over a half of eac
group continue in the forma! educ
tion stream — either into gradua
school or into one of the profession
faculties.
Jobs per se are not the main reasc
why universities exist.
Vocationalism should not supplai
the basic mission of the university
The transmission of knowledge an
the search for new knowledge. UB
wants its students to know somethir
about our cultural, intellectual an
moral traditions. Our heritage froi
the humanities and the arts must b
passed on by our universities.
Universities properly hope for e>
cellence in the minds of students. Tl
liberal arts foster this excellence. Witl
out a strong lib'eral arts program, UB
would be a seriously diminished Un
versity. ;,
The nature of our undergraduat
programs reflects this commitment.
I have tried to provide you witl
some perspectives about your Univer
sity.
The University of British Colurnbi
is a great University in so many way
— not just a good University, but
great University*
It is in creativity that pride prop
erly lies. The University of Britisl
Columbia is one of our real creations
I am immensely proud of it — of it
students, faculty and support staff.
And so should anyone who is if
any way associated, directly or indi
rectly, in its existence and progress.
— Al? of us within the University havi
a common concern and commitmerri
— to   see   Canada   grow   toward  i
promise of excellence. Tuum est I'Ui i»ii, ifiijj. j
1 jntSrsMeri from page 1
»rr, uniplex is about to open; and the
•jjischman      Planetarium      at     the
' diversity    of    Reno   in   Nevada   in
s|rch.  He  is negotiating exhibits in
Itinera I other major American centres.
:oj|Toronto-born  Prof. Thomas is no
clanger to Canadians familiar with art
sculpture. His paintings are in the
ent   collections   of   Ottawa's
onal Gallery as well as the Ontario
Gallery    in   Toronto   and   the
ver Art Gallery.
His  sculptures  are   on  display   in
y  major  Canadian cities and his
wood      diorama      entitled
lootka Whaling Scene" is a major
iture of the Provincial Museum in
ctoria.
*     *     *
;Prof. Peter Pearse of the
ipartment of Economics has been
larded the Canadian Forestry
|hievement Award — the highest
jyard granted by the Canadian
lestry Institute.
The award was made to Prof. Pearse
i recognition of his professional
lievements as a forest economist.
|Prof. Pearse was chairman of the
je-man commission on forest
sources for the provincial
ivernment. Many of the findings are
ling incorporated in a new forest act
ir B.C.
* * *
Prof. Cyril Belshaw of the
epartment of Anthropology and
pciology and editor of the
jternational journal Current
nthropology, presided over the
neral assembly of the International
icial Science Council in mid-October
iParis.
The general assembly, which met at
JNESCO headquarters in Paris, was
lowed by a three-day round- table
lich was also presided over by Prof.
ilshaw. The round table assessed
Jternational and interdisciplinary
iovements over the past 25 years in
prior of ISSC's 25th anniversary. The
(isciplines represented include
ibnomics, anthropology, sociology,
man geography, psychology,
Witical science and Saw.
* *  #
Dr. John Dennison of the Faculty
i| Education has been elected
|?e-president of the Canadian Society
or the Study of Higher Education.
* #  *
Dr. Herbert Dreschler of. the
'acuity of Commerce and Business
Administration will become chairman
if the Council of Economics of the
i-tnerican Institute of Mining,
tetallurgical and Petroleum Engineers
February.
Dr. Dreschler, who holds degrees in
UBC psychiatrist Sr.  Tot-;  rAa^ius, right, receiwed a Workers' Compensation
Board Bravery Award and Medal recently for his part in rescuing a truck driver
.from his blazing, overturned vehicle last June. Dr. Marcus and another passing
motorist, Murray Manson of Burnaby, went to the aid of truck driver Lawrence
Cleeveley when his semi-trailer truck was forced off Highway 401 near Langley in
the Fraser Valley. They pulled Cleeveley, who was burned but conscious, from his
truck 30 seconds before it was demolished by an explosion. Awards were
presented to the two rescuers by WCB vice-chairman Jerome Paradis, left.
both engineering and business, is also
the institute's Henry Krum lecturer for
1978. He will give talks on two topics
connected with mining in at least five
university centres in North America.
*  *  *
Another member of the commerce
faculty. Dr. Phelim Boyle, has been
awarded a prize for the best article to
appear in the Journal of Risk and
Insurance in 1976. The award, for an
article entitled "Rates of Return as
Random Variables," carries with it a
cash award of $280.
Three members of the UBC faculty
are the authors of recently published
books.
Dr. Milton H. Miller, head of the
Department of Psychiatry, discusses
mental illness from the patient's point
of view in // the Patient is Yqu (Or
Someone You Love) - Psychiatry
Inside Out, published by Charles
Scribner of New York.
Prof. Philip Akrigg, a member of
the Department of English since 1941,
has recently completed his fifth book.
Co-authored with his wife, Helen,
British Columbia Chronicle
1847-1871: Gold and Colonists is a
sequel to an earlier book and
completes   their   project  to   write   a
history of early B.C. from Captain
Cook's landing to B.C.'s entry into
Confederation.
Professor emeritus of music Dr.
Harry Adaskin has produced the first
volume of an autobiography under the
title A Fiddler's World - Memoirs to
1938. Although primarily known as a
violinist and commentator on music,
Prof. Adaskin is equally at home in the
realm of painting and poetry.
He continues to be active in
Vancouver as host-commentator for a
series of concerts by the Vancouver
Symphony Orchestra and was the
narrator for two recent CBC programs
on the Group of Seven, several
members of which Prof. Adaskin knew
personally.
*  *  *
Dr. John Dirks, head of, the
medicine department in the Faculty of
Medicine; Dr Morton Low, acting
assistant dean and research
co-ordinator in the. medical faculty;
and Dr. Sydney Katz of the Faculty of
Pharmaceutical Sciences, are scientific
representatives on the newly formed
B.C. chapter of Canadians for Health
Research Association.
The association's aim is to
encourage the federal government to
adopt a policy of continuity for
funding scientific research.
UBC Reports/15 ciicaraf?!?® G®& c§@Dn9QQii«ilni@ ©GfesseGtosfi
castle
-'I*
®
Because his wife attended a series
of UBC Centre for Continuing
Education public affairs lectures in
North Vancouver, the non-athletic
business executive subsequently found
himself toiling up the side of a ruin in
Afghanistan, being embarassingly
outpaced by a woman in her seventies
whizzing past him waving her handbag
in greeting.
"She wasn't even puffing," he
marvels.
The businessman, his wife, the
elderly woman and about 20 others
were retracing the historic silk route
followed by Marco Polo on an
educational travel tour conducted by
UBC archeologist Hanna Kassis and
described as the Golden Road to
Samarkand.
The link from the UBC public
affairs series in North Vancouver to
ruins in Afghanistan was a simple one.
In leafing through the centre's
brochure to see what new courses were
upcoming, the couple's imagination
and curiosity were piqued by the
educational travel and field' study
section where a rich variety of trips
calculated to appeal to potential
travellers are described.
N'The Golden Road to Samarkand
sounded poetic, romantic, a chance to
see places you dream about and never
think you'll see," she says.
Although the couple had travelled
extensively before, they became
addicted to the tempo, companionship
and learning opportunity which are
features of the UBC travel-to-learn
programs. All tours have resource
experts along ready to answer all
questions when, and before, they're
asked.
The businessman and his wife
returned again to Samarkand, did a
pre-Columbian tour of Peru,
Colombia, Ecuador and Mexico,
studied plant and marine life and
anthropology for 10 days in the Queen
Charlotte islands, spent a weekend at
the Western Universities Marine
Station in Bamfield on Vancouver
Island, are heading off on a Gulf and
San Juan Islands exploration, and will
trace the influence of the Moors —
through Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco and
16/UBC Reports  '
Southern Spain in 1979, again with
Hanna Kassis.
They're intellectually curious, don't
do a great deal of serious pre-tour
studying beyond going to orientation
lectures and doing a bit of reading, but
have gained the kind of knowledge
that adheres to the mind and senses.
Others, like an elderly woman who
also plans to follow the Moors, are
serious students who bone up for
years.
She retired as a librarian in 1965,
and took her first CCE educational
tour to 'Ksan in northern B.C. Then,
looking around for more extensive
academic and geographic fields to
conquer, decided she "wasn't much
interested in Africa" and settled on
Samarkand instead.
UBC horticulturalist David Tarrant
chuckles about some members of the
green-thumb group he took to tour
European gardens who accidentally
threw their return plane tickets away,
and the Dutch bus driver in Aalsmeer
who took the gardeners to inspect an
aircraft factory instead of the flower
market.
He is taking a group of plant
enthusiasts to Hawaii over Christmas
and there'll be plenty of time allowed
to sample good food and loll on the
beaches.
Hearty health is not a tour
prerequisite. One woman broke her
foot but managed to endure and enjoy
visiting 22 places in 15 days in a DC-3
plane safari to the Arctic polar ice cap
from the east coast of Alaska to the
coast of Baffin Island.
She, along with a 72-year-old man
and a 12-year-old boy amongst her
travel companions, was pleased with
their success in roughing it even
though the Arctic jaunt loomed up as
something of a Titanic venture initially. Some of them have returned for
seconds.
Another woman, recovering from a
skull fracture,, wanted a change of
scenery and managed this on a Baja
California cruise to grey whale mating
waters.
She found herself in a small inflatable raft, the huge mammals everywhere.  "They swam -right up  to us
because they seem to be curious a
people,"   she   says.   "Not   aggres;
though. The trip was not too tax
learned a lot, had a good time."
There       are       always       favo
anecdotes, too.
One     woman     remembers
expressions on the faces of the Esk
children -when, next time aroun
the -Arctic, I showed them the pic
I'd taken  of them on the first tr
she recalls. "That's when I should
been snapping the camera."
Or "trying to tot up the bill,
candlelight,  in-a 14th century Ital
castle (the electricity had failed)
a'very modern electronic caiculat
In the same Italian castle, a trav
was  firmly convinced the place
haunted until'she discovered that I
birds with eight-foot wing spans
nesting    in   and    breathing   down
chimney, which caused ghostly no
to  emanate   from the chimney
which   ran   through   her   room,
switched      accommodation      bef
waiting   for   an   explanation   of
phenomenon.
Another group was rounded
near midnight in the Queen Charlotl
to watch, by torchlight and flashligl
jelly fish mating.
Another man was thrilled
discover that Indians in the Quel
Charlottes had planted apple orchar
centuries ago. He took some cuttini
and is waiting with interest to identi
the variety.
Upcoming centre travel progran
include a Jazz Tour of New Orleans
January; the Cuban Reality and Ba
California Natural History . Stui
Cruise in February; Spring in Italy
Your Home A Castle and the Cultu
of Russia (tentatively) in May; Londo
Theatre Feast in June; in July
Horticultural Tour of Sou'thei
England, Wales and Eire, a resident!
■study course on Tudor England, and
tour of Spice Islands and the Chin
Seas; Discover the Yukon and a Sou'
and Central America tour in Augus
There are always more trips in ti
blueprint stage and tra'
co-ordinators at the UBC Centre f
Continuing Education (228-2181)
always happy to provide informati \    1
'resh Air
Old History
estminster 30 years the elder but back
■ . those days, Burrard Inlet was merely its
uter harbor," as publisher John Robson
,* remier of B.C. from 1889-1892), put it.
All roads radiated from New Westminster
and one — the False Creek Trail — crossed land that was later to become the Morton family property.
In a newly-published book, The Enterprising Mr. Moody, the Bumptious Capt.
Stamp: The Lives and Colourful Times of
Vancouver's Lumber Pioneers, Morton out-
:/, lines the development of this area during
the second half of the nineteenth century,
putting into proper perspective the fortunes of New Westminster, Vancouver,
and Vancouver Island. Nothing unusual
about that. A local historian — an alumnus who also happens to teach at UBC,—
.   ■. writes a book. Morton doesn't teach in the
'-.. --\ history department however, but in
UBC's faculty of medicine. He's a lung
4:. physiologist. Not only that: TheEnterpris-
y\   - i? , "  -;' -     "-' *"
t    ."   '
Y   ^ '*'    .   -
^ |V
8
I-
2
7%e Enterprising Mr. Moody
ing Mr. Moody et al. is his third book of
Lower Mainland history to be published
in the last 10 years.
It might seem far-fetched to attribute
this sustained output to an old road once
cut through his parents' land. But Morton's personal history does seem to illuminate his later interest. At the least it
reveals his profound affection for this
"most attractive corner ofthe earth."
If it wasn't the road alone, perhaps it
was Mr. Whittaker's 12 cows from which
young James collected the family's milk
each day, filling his own jug. "In a nearby
field there was a goat tied to a stake, and it
seemed like everybody kept chickens.
There was bush to play in, squirrels to
shoot with slingshots, all sorts of opportunities that kids don't have today." This
was Burnaby! He was actually born in
New Westminster because at that time —
1922 — there were no hospitals in its
semi-rural neighbor.
Despite the Huckleberry Finn-like
frolicking, Morton was an avid reader. He
devoured novels about medicine like Ar-
rowsmith and the dramatic fiction of bacteriologist Paul de Kruif. He found these
works so compelling that he too decided
to become a microbe-hunter. There was
no science degree at UBC in 1940 so James
enrolled in a BA program in bacteriology,
graduating in 1944.
"I always say I took soccer at UBC,"
quips Morton, leaning back in his chair
18  Chronicle/Winter, 1977
,*?4^
^ <,. -it- :i-
The Bumptious Capt. Stamp
behind the neatest desk imaginable. His
white coat falls loosely over a denim shirt
and brown cords; he abandoned formal
attire a couple of years ago when a heart
attack impressed him with the fact that
comfort should be cultivated. The silver-
grey hair is brushed straight back now
from a weathered face that is sympathetic,
warm and very animated in discussion.
"The time at UBC was the best four
years of my life." And Morton denies that
this sentiment is tailored for a Chronicle
audience. "That was the era of Eric Nicol
and Pierre Berton. UBC was small, only
two or three thousand people; you knew
everybody by sight or personally."
A professor advised him that the road to
advancement in bacteriology lay through
a medical degree. So although Morton
had no intention of becoming a doctor, he
entered McGill's faculty of medicine —
which may have been the worst four years
of his life. "I had to work extremely hard.
It was all memorization, dreadful rote,
anatomy was a nightmare." He studied
every night and every week-end. His cup
in soccer from UBC gathered dust on the
shelf.
Despite the dreariness of the courses,
he never considered quitting. "It's just
not my style: once I set out on a job, I
finish it. Maybe that's a fault," he muses.
During a residency in internal medicine
he developed an interest in respiratory
physiology. Bacteriology itself was forgot
ten. "Patients are always the big time, ariL^ij
I was fascinated with medicine; it wasjL, tl
new world." Four years' post-gradu«L-^je
work at Royal Victoria Hospital iLier
Montreal lead to a further year in Ed in '1V
burgh and London hospitals. Then a fina [utK
year at the high-powered University o jjj
Pennsylvania in Philadelphia and Dr V1VS
Morton was a specialist in interra Ls f
medicine. ,  n
He'd been away from B.C. for 10 years [aad
A strong attachment to home and to fain- retu
ily drew him from one ofthe best researc} tfce <
centres at the time to something of a pro- \t \
fessional backwoods. Thinking he would £ap
return for just a few years, Dr. Morton that
came back and stayed. In Montreal, he'd §;ee
met a young nurse from New Brunswick, thei
married, and brought her home with him was
to take up a job in tuberculosis control. g0t
His office today on the third floor of Th:
Vancouver General Hospital's Willow the
Chest Centre is adjacent to the Lung (
Function Laboratory he developed. The ton
doctor took up hammer and saw, and
built his own apparatus. With the only
such lab in the province, he was soon
treating people flown in from all regions.
It was a period of long hours: a growing
family, research as well as service work,
didn't mind — I was used to working
hard, and I was 32 before I got my first
formal job."
Morton pushes his rectangular wire-
rimmed glasses back up the bridge of his
nose as he reflects on the shape of his
career. "At some point you change because of success or failure or both. There
was a big turning point for me in the
mid-'60s although I didn't realize it at the
time." Morton's life turned on a pen nib;
he started to write short stories.
With hindsight he attributes the
changes that ensued to both success and
failure. He'd established his own lab, literally built it with his own two hands. But
in a way he'd gone as far as he could; the
limitations of work were frustrating.
Then too, he had always enjoyed writing. He had started keeping diaries when
he was 10, and was an avid correspondent
when away from home. He'd travel about
all day, hiking or touring, all the while
planning how he'd work his observations
and experiences into a letter, often 15
pages of tiny print.
It was not. surprising therefore that,
coming up for air after long years of study
and work, he should take to writing. And
although some ofthe stories drew on direct personal experience, he felt uncomfortable with fiction and turned to history.
"I was trained in medicine and medical
research and that's very similar to historical writing. In both, you start by reading
the literature to see what's been done;
then you do your own research; finally,
you organize and write up the materia:
yourself, coming to your own conclu
sions."
This solid approach led to skirmishes
with his publishers over citing sources a publishers maintain that little numbers in
/as|ha text are disturbing to most readers,
:U)., v'lile Morton the scientist likes to prove
." vaere he gets his information. The doctor
"Ul my know best but the publisher won;
lla ;bere are no footnotes.
y ° His subject came naturally. He'd al-
^>r iv tys been an ardent angler — fishing with
raliis father on the Fraser, taking the ferry
Inm downtown Vancouver to Bowen Is-
ai s la ad every summer rod. in hand. Upon his
11 "■ return to B.C. after that 10-year trek in
r,;l the eastern wilderness, he bought a house
>ro- jr West Vancouver, and went to fish the
u'd Capilano River. He was disturbed to find
toi that this stream — long renowned for its
e'd sieeihead — had been dammed. While
:■*> there were still fish to be caught, Morton
i™ was concerned to find out "how that dam
' got built, just why people let it happen."
of This led him to investigate the history of
aw the river, from its source right to your tap.
ng Once started, Morton set himself a
he tough regime: for years, three evenings a
ndlweek and every Saturday morning, he
ilyl squinted at microfilm in the public lib-
Mi rary. He interviewed at the fisheries de-
is. partment, consulted the Greater Van-
"ig couver Waterworks library and the pro-
"I vincial archives.
ig "The important thing is the research
st and the writing; there's not much thrill in
seeing your name on a book." And Mor-
e- ton felt very attached to his sub j ect. " I was
is emotionally involved in that book and re-
is ally wrote it from the heart." Capilano
i- remains his favorite.
"e Yet as soon as McClelland and Stewart
ie published it, Morton was off again. He
ie didn't want to be regarded as having only
»; one book in him. Besides, he likes to be
busy: fishing, gardening, building a
fence. Acknowledging that for the while
1 the fences were in place, the garden basically finished, he turned to a vast subject
that had piqued his curiosity while researching the Capilano River book.
He was reading the 1887 charter ofthe
Vancouver Waterworks. A boring document until he came upon these words:
"This act is passed upon the express understanding that no Chinese, either directly or indirectly, shall be employed....
The offender shall be liable to separate
and successive penalties for each and
every day during which any Chinese shall
be employed."
How did these clauses get into government contracts? That question sent him
Durrowing among the microfilms of
period newspapers to get a glimpse of
public attitudes in those times. The result
was In the Sea of Sterile Mountains (recently reissued in paperback), a history of
the Chinese in British Columbia from
their first recorded arrival in 1858 to 1923
when an exclusion agreement was signed
with China.
The same contagion led to the latest
book. While studying old newspapers to
reconstruct the Chinese presence, Morton
was distracted by familiar names — many
James Morton inspects the plaque marking
the Stanley Park site of Capt. Stamp's 1805
lumber mill.
of them now attached to towns and
streets: Helmcken, Robson, Moody. He
began to reflect on the kinds of people
who first came to Vancouver: people in
search of a new start, quick fortune, or
high adventure. Morton is attracted to
people rather than dry facts, but the mass
of information forced him to focus his
project on the two ofthe title, Moody and
Stamp. He doesn't hero-worship his
characters though. In fact, he was prompted to react with this book to what he
considers the ill-advised romanticization
of Gassy Jack Dayton, Vancouver's Gas-
town's nominative barkeeper, who likely
did more harm than good.
Now that this book is on the shelves, is
another hiding behind the microfilm
reader? Morton grants that there are other
B.C. personalities he finds fascinating,
but he hesitates to face the research
routine again. He is enjoying his quiet
home life; his wife's weaving, their three
children who are almost grown now. He
even admits taking pleasure in a new
hedge trimmer he purchased "now that
the old one has gone to England." His old
hedge trimmer, his son Ian, 20, has indeed gone off to London to pursue an
acting career. "None of the children is
interested in medicine and that's fine with
me. I'm excited about their enthusiasms."
James Morton loved his own year in
London. Later when he was in Philadelphia, his wife-to-be got a chance to travel
to England. So he sketched a map of London for her, complete with notations of
historical and literary landmarks, the
house where Johnson lived, the church
Pepys attended, and so on.
Unbeknownst to him, his wife kept the
map and gave it to their son Ian, who
reports he has retraced the route and feels
as excited about London as his father had.
"Things have a way of repeating themselves," sighs Morton. One way or
another, it makes history all the more fascinating. D
The Enterprising Mr. Moody, the Bumptious Capt. Stamp. J.J. Douglas, 175 pp.,
$13.95.
Eleanor Wachtel is a Vancouver writer.
19 E23TE7IESESE2
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T/rere were Josenj> of intent listeners among the
alumni touring the UBC museum of anthropology
(above) dn Homecoming Day, October 22. The
kickoff ceremony at the Thunderbird
Homecoming game was presided over by UBC
president Doug Kenny and chancellor Donovan
Miller, who both attended the open house at Cecil
Green Park and the evening festivities. (Below)
The chancellor greeted two members ofArts'32,
William Harvey (left) from Victoria and Harold
Alder (centre) at Cecil Green Park. In the
evening there were class receptions and dinners at
the faculty club and the graduate student centre
and a dance, open to all alumni, at the student
union building.
20  Chronicle/Winter, 1977
Spring Season
UBC's premiere lecture series opens its spring
season on January 7 by trying to find an answer
to the question, "What has become of
philosophy?" The guest speaker is the English
philosopher, Sir Alfred J. Ayer, a close friend
of the late Bertrand Russell.
On succeeding Saturday evenings 8:15 in the
Instructional Resources Centre you'll hear:
Jan. 14, a "dialogue" between the Breton
brothers, Albert, an economist and Eaymomd,
a sociologist, from the University of Toronto,
on Quebec and Canada; Jan. 21, will be a literary evening, with Clark Blaise and Bharati
Mukherjee, authors of Days and Mights ir
Calcutta, reading selections from their works:
Jan. 28, Captain Cook's adventures in the Pacific will be the topic of Commander David
W. Waters, deputy director of the Greenwicl
Maritime Museum. He is one of the participants in SFU's Cook bicentennial conference.
Western Canada will be the subject of the
Feb. 4 lecture; French Canada gets equal time
the following week, Feb. 11, the speakers for
both occasions to be announced.
Pat Carney, BA'60, economist, journalist
and project manager of the distance education
planning group that is part of the B.C. government's satellite tele-education program is the
guest of Feb. 18; Canada's doyen ofthe camera
corps, Yousuf Karsh, brings his insights and
images of some ofthe world's outstanding individuals to the institute Feb. 25, in a lecture
sponsored by the Vancouver Sun; Arnold
Smith, former secretary-general of the Commonwealth, now a faculty member at Carleton
University speaks on Mar. 4. The controversy
over research in the field of recombinant DN A
will form the basis of Gobimd Kafaorana's talk
on the scientist and his or her conscience, Mar.
11; The final speaker in the spring series is
Martin EssSin from Stanford, speaking on the
theatre ofthe absurd, Mar. 18.
The visits to the campus by Ayer, Esslin,
Kohrana and Smith are made possible by the
Cecil and Ida Green Visiting Professorship
program. The Breton brothers are the 1978
Grauer lecturers.
All Vancouver Institute lectures are free and
open to the public. You are invited to become a
member of the institute. The fee of $6 ($2 for
students) is used to defray printing and publicity costs.
For a brochure outlining the spring program
contact the UBC information office, 2075 Wesbrook Place, Vancouver V6T 1W5 (228-3131).
Honors and Board
Nominations Sought
The alumni association wants your nomination
for a variety of things....
If you've ever thought about getting involved and running for a position on the alumni
board of management, put those thoughts into
action soon. Nominations for the 1978-79
officers (vice-president and treasurer) and the
10 member-at-large positions for 1978-80,
must be received by the returning officer, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park
Road, Vancouver V6T 1X8 by noon, February
10, 1978.
The nomination requirements are simple.
The person nominated must be a graduate of
UBC. The nomination must be in writing and
signed by five ordinary members ofthe association, accompanied by the written consent ofthe
person nominated, a photograph of the
nominee and a brief biographical/policy statement (limit 150 words). In the case ofthe person nominated as an officer this statement may
be 250 words.
We're seeking nominations of a more honor- 3i (cr
ZFTzryy
Four University of New Brunswick presidents
were on hand for the unveiling ofthe bust of
UBC president emeritus Norman MacKenzie at
UNB, October 12: (left to right) the current
president John Anderson, Colin Mackay,
LLB'49, Dr. MacKenzie and Milton Gregg.
UBC was represented by chancellor Donovan
Miller, who shared the unveiling duties with Dr.
Anderson and alumni president, Charlotte
Warren, who presented a $1,000 cheque to UNB
for endowment for a perpetual MacKenzie
scholarship for a UNB student. The UBC gift
will be matched by the UNB alumni group. The
bust is one of three for which funds were provided
by anonymous UBC alumni donors. The others
are at UBC and Dalhousie University.
ary nature, too. The association currently gives
two awards at its annual meeting, the alumni
award of distinction, its highest award, to a
graduate who has made a distinguished contribution to his or her field of endeavor and the
honorary life membership to recognize outstanding contributions to UBC education. If
you have a suggestion for a recipient for one or
both of these awards the alumni awards and
scholarships committee would like to hear from
you by February 15, 1978. Just send your
nominee's name, a brief biographical outline
and your reasons why you feel this person
should be the 1978 recipient of the award of
distinction or an honorary life membership to
the Awards and Scholarships Committee, UBC
Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park
Road, Vancouver V6T 1X8.
Giwing Thanks for the
Roof Over Oyr Heads
There's a whole lot of shakin' going on at Cecil
Green Park these days, thanks to several members of B.C.'s forest industry.
Those shakes are for a new roof for the fine
old building that was given to the university 10
years ago, October 28, 1967, by Cecil H. and
Ida Green. In the intervening years thousands
of people from the campus and the community
have enjoyed the hospitality and facilities ofthe
house — and there's been a lot of rain on the
roof. Some of it making itself felt on the inside,
too.
In order to re-roof Cecil Green Park in the
manner to which it was accustomed, and for
which there were not sufficient funds in the
university coffers, the alumni association
looked for outside help. It came from the
Council of Forest Industries and five of its
member companies — B.C. Forest Products,
Canadian Forest Products, Crown Zellerbach,
Island Shingle and Shake and Winde Pacific
Forest Products. The alumni association is
very grateful to them for their assistance in this
project. So now when it's raining on the outside, we're smiling on the inside.
Sf the iravel bug bites...
The alumni travel committee constantly seeking new programs to ward off the alumni winter
blahs has two cuirent offerings: a ski holiday
with 10 days of almost guaranteed sun and
snow in Innsbruck, Austria, planned for early
spring; and a South American adventure in late
January, which is fully booked at present but
names are being taken for the waiting list. For
more info on the ski trip check the P. Lawson/
UBC Alumni Travel advertisement in this issue... if South America sounds inviting contact
the travel committee, UBC Alumni Association, 6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver
V6T 1X8 for a brochure.
We can hear music...
There will be more than a little night music
on campus when the alumni concerts series
Music/UBC begins to play January 12, 8 pm,
in the recital hall, UBC music building. The
first recital of the five-concert series will present some of the outstanding members of the
music faculty. There will be four student concerts, Jan. 19, Feb. 2 and 16 and Mar. 2, featuring a variety of vocal and instrumental performances. The programs are arranged and coordinated by faculty members, Phyllis Schuldt
and Mary Tickner. Series tickets are $10 and
ensure a reserved seat. Individual recitals are
$3. For tickets and information call the alumni
office, 228-3313. This is the fifth series of campus concerts sponsored by the association.
A Posticus Lot
Is Not
A Happy One»B
Specially, when he brings the
alumni records department
bags of alumni 'unknowns'.
So, if you're planning to
change your name, address or
life style...let us know—
and you'll bring a little lightness
to a postie's walk. (Enclosure of your
Chronicle mailing label is helpful. If we have
your postal code wrong, please correct us.)
Alumni Records
UBC Alumni Association
6251 Cecil Green Park Road
Vancouver, B.C. V6T1X8
Name
(Indicate preferred title. Married women please note husband's full name.;
Graduation name 	
(If different from above.)
Address 	
Postal Code  Class year
J
21 ASumni
Branches
If you'd like to find out what
goes on in alumni branches
Just give your local alumni
representative a call.
BRITISH COLUMBIA:
Campbell River: Jim Boulding (Box 216);
Castlegar: Bruce Fraser (365-7292); Courtenay: William Dale (338-5159); Dawson
Creek: Michael Bishop (782-8548); Duncan:
David Williams (746-7121); Fort St. John:
Ellen Paul (785-8378); Kamloops: Bud Aubrey
(372-8845), Sandy Howard (374-1872);
Keiowna: Eldon Worobieff (762-5445 Ext. 38);
Kimberley: Larry Garstin (427-3557);
Nanaimo: James Slater (753-3245); Nelson:
Leo Gansner (352-3742); Penticton: Dick
Brooke (492-6100); Port Alberni: Gail Van
Sacker (723-7230); Powell River: Richard
Gibbs (485-4267); Prince George: Robert
Affleck (563-0161); Prince Rupert:
Dennis Hon (624-9737); Salmon Arm: W.H.
Leftham (832-2264); Victoria: Kirk Davis
(656-3966); Williams Lake: Anne Stevenson
(392-4365).
OTHER CANADA:
Calgary: Frank Garnett (262-7906); Edmonton: Gary Caster (465-1342), John Haar (425-
8810); Fredericton: Joan & Jack Van der Linde
(455-6323); Halifax: Carol MacLean (423-
2444); Montreal: Hamlyn Hobden (866-2055);
Ottawa: Robert Yip (997-4074); Bruce Har-
wood (996-5357); Quebec City: Ingrid Parent
(527-9888); Regina: Gene Rizak (584-4361);
St. John's: Barbara Draskoy (726-2576); Toronto: Ben Stapleton (868-0733); Winnipeg:
Gary Coopland (453-3918); Yellowknife,
N.W.T.: Charles A. Hulton (873-3481).
UNITED STATES:
Clovis: Martin Goodwin (763-3493); Denver:
Harold Wright (892-6556); Los Angeles: Elva
Reid (651 -8020); New York: Rosemary Brough
(688-2656); San Diego: Dr. Charles Armstrong
(287-9849); San Francisco: Norman A. Gillies
(567-4478); Seattle & P.N.W.: P. Gerald Marra
(641-3535); Washington, B.C.: Caroline
Knight (244-1560).
OTHER:
Australia: Christopher Brangwin, 12 Watkins
Street, Bondi, Sydney; Bermuda: John Keefe,
Box 1007, Hamilton; England: Alice Hemming,
35 Elsworthy Road, London, N.W. 3; Ethiopia:
Taddesse Ebba, College of Agriculture, Dire
Dawa, Box 138, Addis Ababa; Hong Kong: Dr.
Thomas Chung-Wai Mak, Science Centre,
Chinese University, Shatin, Hong Kong; Japan
Maynard Hogg, 1-4-22 Karnikitazawa
Setagaya-ku, Tokyo, Japan 156; Scotland:
Jean Aitchison, 32 Bentfield Drive, Prestwick
South Africa: Kathleen Lombardi
Applethwaite Farm, Elgin, CP.
Mary Gagnon: A Recorel
Tote Proud of
"Hello. This is Mary Gagnon calling from UBC
alumni records...."
Since February of 1969, when she joined the
staff, thousands of alumni have made Mary
Gagnon's acquaintance, by phone and letter, all
part of her search for correct addresses for the
alumni files. Each ofthe three members ofthe
department —- Isabel Galbraith, supervisor,
and Betty O'Brien are the others — has their
own section ofthe alphabet to look after, about
25,000 names each. It seems that they really get
to know some ofthe people, especially the ones
that have to be "traced" a few times, and that's
wlici'c ulc piiuilc wan ui ictici Cuiiica ui.
Mary, aside from her expertise in records,
has put her keen eye and grammatical ear to the
job of proofreading Chronicle galleys. She says
she likes the preview (and we get an early review). A recent project she's just completed is
the computerization ofthe Cecil Green Squash
Club membership roster.
She's known as "Mrs. Smocking" in Vancouver night school circles. Her talents in
teaching the fine art of English smocking extend to an enormous range of crafts, all superbly executed.
Early in December she sails to New Zealand,
the beginning of a retirement holiday in the
South Pacific and the Far East. Mary, we thank
you, and we'll miss you — and so will your
25,000 alumni.
Each student participating receives an honorarium provided by a grant from the UBC
Alumni Fund.
UBC calling...
There is lots of activity in the alumni fund
these days....On November 17 bells were ringing all over Vancouver in the alumni
phonathon. Approximately 30 members ofthe
student Big Block clubs staffed the phones,
seeking donations from Vancouver alumni....
Things are looking good in the fund as director,
Scotty Malcolm and fund chair, Roland Pierrot
reported that gifts designated for scholarships
and bursaries are $20,000 ahead of last year's
total at this time.
Blooming branches
In the branches....After attending the unveiling of a bust of president emeritus Norman
MacKenzie at the University of New
Brunswick, chancellor Donovan Miller continued his travels to Halifax where he met with
50 alumni and guests at an informal reception
hosted by Donald Munton, BA'67, MA'69 and
Ann Jacobs Munton, BA'70, at the Dalhousie
University faculty club There will be some
UBC music made on Vancouver Island in the
new year, if ail goes well. The University Singers, a student group, are planning to visit several island communities, giving daytime con
certs in the schools and evening performances
for alumni and other members of the local
communities. Full details will be dispatched
upon confirmation....Alumni in three California centres welcomed Dr. Harry Warren, UBC
professor emeritus of geology and grand old
man of field hockey. He visited San Francisco,
Nov. 17, Los Angeles, Nov. 18 and the association's newest branch, San Diego, Nov. 19,
substituting for the advertised guest, Dr. William Gibson, who was temporarily on the sick
list....B.C.'s man in London, Agent-general
Laurie Wallace, BA'38, will be hosting a reception for all alumni in Great Britain, who happen
to be in London on Jan. 12, to meet the president of the alumni association, Charlotte Warren. Full details by post.
YAC happy
The Young Alumni Club has re-introduced
the Friday afternoon happy hour with a 4 pm
opening. (Perhaps in celebration of the tenth
anniversary ofthe club's founding). The YAC
volleyball program is in full swing, Thursday
evenings , 7 pm at Queen Mary School. It is
understood that after the match the participants repair to CGP to enjoy the smooth piano
sounds and various potables. Live music on
most Friday evenings. Membership is $8 and
open to senior students and alumni (even the
not-so-young). □
22   Chronicle/Winter, 1977 ■iyyyjyy:yzy"n
Donald Elliott
■ ta time when most Swedes complain
Bk about the excesses and restrictions of
d A their highly socialized land, Donald
Elliott is something of a phenomenon — a
Canadian ex-patriate who after 11 years in
Sweden still speaks as if he had stumbled
into Utopia.
Perhaps ex-patriate is the wrong term:
Elliott considers himself a Swede, his
bridges are cheerfully burned and he is
there to stay. Stumbled isn't entirely accurate either; what Elliott did was plan his
move for two years, never doubting he
would find Sweden to his liking. He had
admired its neutrality and social welfare
programs for years, he says, and "I wasn't
happy in Canada!"
After graduating from UBC (BA'56), Elliott taught English in Vancouver schools
for a couple of years before finding his true
niche as a librarian. He worked at the Regina library before and after completing a
bachelor of library science at the University
of Toronto, and although the quieter joys of
cataloguing and classification were more to
his taste than the classroom, all was not yet
well.
In 1966 Elliott arrived in Stockholm
without a job or any knowledge of the language, but with a great deal of luggage and
confidence. Through one ofthe courses for
immigrants at the University of Stockholm,
he studied Swedish eight hours a day for
three months. Not long after he had found
both work and his future wife, Elsa.
Of his job at the Stift and Landsbibliotek
(Municipal and County Library) of Vaster-
as, his wife's hometown, Elliott still finds it
"quite remarkable that I could come here to
work without a Swedish library course and
under the same conditions as a Swedish
librarian.. .it would never happen the other
way around." Elliott admits his timing was
good. "Now it's almost impossible to get a
work permit, and there is an oversupply of
librarians."
Vasteras is a tranquil, pretty town of
118,000 on Lake Malaren, about an hour's
drive west of Stockholm. The Elliotts, their
son and an over-protected cat are comfortably settled in a rose-trimmed suburb. Elsa
is a part-time elementary school teacher,
Elsa and Donald Elliott
and Donald, who became a Swedish citizen
six years ago, has been on disability pension
since March '73. A fairly generous pension
it is too, Elliott freely admits, compared to
what the average Canadian could expect
after four and a half years of service.
I had assumed, when I visited one Sunday during a recent trip "home", that Elliott would want to speak English with me.
After all, we both came from Vancouver
and UBC. Not so; it made him nervous, he
explained, and was visibly relieved when he
found I could speak Swedish. Bjorn, a
tow-headed kid of nine, is studying English
in school this year, but got no headstart
from his father who says, "I was eager that
he should be completely Swedish. That's
how we chose his name."
What is it — other than a generous pension — that generates such intense loyalty
to his adopted country? All you have to do is
listen to Elliott hold forth on the social benefits of Sweden — and except for a chess
game with Bjorn, that's what I did: "We
have a number of economic problems, but
Swedish unemployment is still lower than
the rest of Europe... next year everyone will
get five weeks vacation... we're extending
the childbirth leave from seven to nine
months, and it can apply to either parent...
and did you know...."
A bit further west in Karlstad, where
according to legend, the sun always shines,
live the Jenkins. Thomas Edward Jenkin
(BASc'67) is halfway through a two-year
stint at Kamyr Pulp and Paper mills. On a
trip back to the branch office in New York,
he was unavailable for comment, but his
wife Joan said, "The biggest thing for us
here is you're constantly bumping into different customs and outlooks. It's very good
for us and our kids, and that's one of the
reasons we came."
Like Elliott, the Jenkins took the
three-month intensive course in Swedish on
arrival, but Joan, a physiotherapist, has
more need of it in her work than Tom.
Their three children learned Swedish ui
school, and are now keeping up their English with the "home language instruction"
Swedish schools offer for immigrant children. "That way they don't lose the spelling
and grammar... they certainly wouldn't do
the same for foreign kids coming to Canada." —Viveca Ohm
yjaBb^j.^rmmmrrayire;^
30s
After many years service to the Greater Victoria
School District, James F. Muir, BA'34,
MA'40, BEd'46, retired from teaching last
summer. With the exception of two years when
he was an instructor in the navy, he has been on
the staff of Mount Douglas High School since
1940 and-vice-principal since 1949....F. Philip
V. Akrigg, BA'37, MA'40, (PhD, California),
and his wife, Helen Manning Akrigg, BA'43,
MA'64, have recently published British Columbia Chronicle 1847-1871: Gold and the Colonists
(Discovery Press).This, with the previous
chronicle for 1778-1846, completes their project to write the history of early British Columbia from Captain Cook's landing to B.C.'s entry
into Confederation....A former executive director of the alumni association Frank J.E.
Tsrnier, BCom'39, of London Life Insurance,
has achieved the national quality award of the
Underwriters Association of Canada for the
eighteenth year.
40s
In a recent letter, David Edmonds, BA'42,
outlined his travels since leaving Vancouver in
1945. After a 10-year stint in Argentina, he
returned to Canada where he was plant manager for Mallinckrodt Chemical in Montreal. In
1959 he was transferred to New York and remained there until 1969 when he was sent back
to Buenos Aires as sales manager for Latin
America. In 1972 he joined Anedra, an Argentine chemical company and two years later was
appointed vice-president of the firm....Bees
have been getting a bum rap for years, says Dr.
Philip C. Fitz-James, BSA'43, of the
biochemistry, bacteriology and immunology
departments of the University of Western Ontario. Raising bees has been his hobby for more
than 20 years and he speaks with experience
when he insists that bees sting "very rarely."
Fitz-James is also concerned with the bees'
plight as many of them are being killed off by
roadside spraying which also greatly reduces
their food source. If all goes well, he adds,
beekeeping can be a rewarding and productive
hobby.
Recently named fellow ofthe American Society for Testing and Materials (ASTM), Harry
E. Ashton, BA'45, will be presented with the
23 )
T --*~V
Diana Lam
ASTM Award of Merit in January, 1978.
Ashton, a senior research officer with the National Research Council of Canada, building
research division, for over 20 years, is concerned with the development of clear and pigmented coatings for wood and for methods of
evaluating the durability of organic building
materials....Morges, Switzerland, is home for
David A. Munro, BA'47, director-general of
the International Union for Conservation of
Nature and Natural Resources, formerly director ofthe Canadian Wildlife Service and deputy
chair ofthe Fisheries Research Board of Canada Gerald H. Cross, LLB'48, has been appointed acting deputy provincial secretary for
B.C. At the time of his appointment, Cross was
director of civil law with the attorney-general's
department....After five years in Kuwait, Lt.
Col. Richard G. Maltby, BA'48, BCom'48,
has returned to live in Vancouver. A U.N.
adviser in public administration, he was involved with supply management throughout
the various ministries and departments of the
government of Kuwait.
New director of resources for Simon Fraser
University is Edward D. (Ted) McRae,
BA'48, BSW'48, one of the first graduates of
the MBA program at SFU. He was executive
director ofthe Alcoholism Foundation of B.C.
for 20 years and in 1974, when the program
came under the provincial government, he became executive director of the national advisory board on native alcohol abuse. Previous to
his recent appointment at SFU, he has been a
teacher in the university's economics and
commerce department....John Wardroper,
BA'48, who has been working as a journalist in
London since 1951, had his fourth book published earlier this autumn. It is The Caricatures
of George Cruikshank, a presentation of the earlier life and work of the artist (1792-1878).
Previous books by Wardroper contain "merry
verse", early jokes and political satire and caricatures from the 17th, 18th and 19th centuries. .. .Vancouver lawyers appearing before the
B.C. supreme court will have to keep reminding themselves that it's not 'Milord', but rather
'Milady' when addressing Justice Patricia
Fahlman Proudfoot, BA'49, LLB'52, who became the first federally appointed woman supreme court judge in B.C. The appointment
marks the beginning of her ladyship's fourth
legal career. Others were private practice from
1953 until 1971 when she was appointed provincial court judge and later moved to the
county court bench. Two other supreme court
appointments were announced at the same
time: William Joseph Trainer, LLB'50,
Tom Carefoot
county court judge since 1973, previously a
justice department lawyer and a magistrate in
Vancouver and the Yukon Territory, and Kenneth S. Fawcus, BCom'55, LLB'56, who goes
directly to the B.C. supreme court from private
practice and is a past chair ofthe B.C. branch of
the Canadian Bar Association. He served as a
North Vancouver district alderman from 1968
to 1972.
50s
In addition to receiving an honorary degree
from Mount Allison University, Ronald J.
Baker, BA'51, MA'53, was the convocation
speaker at that university's fall graduating
ceremony. Dr. Baker has announced that he
will retire as president of the University of
Prince Edward Island in 1978....Harold J.
Perkins, BA'51, MSc'53, (PhD, Iowa State), is
the new president of Brandon University. Perkins, an expert in chlorophyll biosynthesis, has
worked for the National Research Council in
Ottawa and with Agriculture Canada in
Lethbridge. In 1963 he joined the faculty ofthe
State University of New York, Plattsburg,
where he remained until his recent appointment....First secretary and consul at the Canadian embassy in Mexico City, Kenneth L.
Burke, BA'52, LLB'58, is handling not only
consular/legal matters, but will also be looking
after the proposed Canada/Mexico prisoner
and parolee exchange program once the convention is signed. While he was unable to attend his 25th Homecoming anniversary ("Has
it been that long!"), he sends his best wishes.
Two B.C. supreme court judges were recently appointed to the appeal court: Ernest
Edward Hinkson, LLB'52, was first appointed
to the county court bench in 1968 and received
his supreme court appointment in 1970, making him, at that time 43, the youngest member
of the B.C. supreme court; and William Alastair Craig, BA'50, LLB'51, affectionately
known as "Big Daddy" amongst legal circles
because of his kindly nature, who became a
Queen's Counsel in 1967, was a partner in a
Vancouver law firm before being sworn in as a
B.C. supreme court judge in 1973....Diana M.
Filer, BA'54, has been named head of radio
variety for the CBC. She began with the CBC in
Vancouver as a program researcher and was the
producer ofthe Gerussi radio show. In 1971 she
was awarded the Imperial Relations Trust bursary for excellence in broadcasting, and studied
broadcasting in Britain for five months
\.'3nda Cowie Hanssen
....Kenneth S. Barker, BA'55, (BD, MTh,
Knox), has been inducted as senior minister of
St. Paul's United Church in Orillia, Ontario.
Formerly professor of English and dean of
arts at Acadia University, G. Douglas Killam,
BA'55, (PhD, London), has been appointed
head of English at the University of
Guelph....Albert C. Plant, BCom'55, is now
senior vice-president, office and education
products group with the Molson Companies in
Toronto....Diana Lam, BA'56 and Marilyn
Chilvers, BA'60, have joined forces in a new
Vancouver PR firm under the name of
Chilvers/Lam. Both have extensive
backgrounds in public relations.. ..Ruth Sigal,
BA'57, MSW'57, MEd'77, has been appointed
coordinator of volunteers, Women's Resources
Centre with the UBC Centre for Continuing
Education....Alice Jean Baumgart, BSN'58,
MSN'62, is dean of the school of nursing at
Queen's University, Ontario. She is a former
faculty member of UBC's school of nursing and
interprofessional education division, and in
1970 was awarded a prestigious Milbank
Foundation fellowship. She is currently completing her doctoral studies at the University of
Toronto....With DuPont Canada for 19 years,
Lome J. Ried, BASc'58, is now manager ofthe
company's   Nipissing   plant H.   John
Mepham, BASc'59, has received his MBA
from the University of Portland.
60s
After being out of competition for 25 years,
Gail lee Gladwell, BEd'60, trained for just
five weeks and won three silver medals at the
national Amateur Athletic Union master's long
course swimming championships in Spokane,
Washington. The competition is for amateur
swimmers over 25 and was liberally seeded
with ex-Olympians....Inger Hansen, LLB'60,
is privacy commissioner with the federal
Human Rights Commission that goes into operation in January, 1978....Peter L. Eggleton,
BASc'61, has been appointed director-general
of the Transport Canada research & development centre.... An expert in ornamental plants,
Joseph M. Molnar, BASc'61, is director ofthe
Saanichton agricultural research station.
Three new apointments for UBC grads at
Chevron Canada: Former operations superintendent at the Chevron refinery, Burnaby,
R.E. (Bob) Gray, BASc'62, (MBA, SFU), is
now manager, planning & economics; with
several years experience in the B.C. industrial
24   Chronicle/Winter, 1977 jyyyy.
ziz7Er^yjzyxy''izsj^mTyiz
!irCII2IZ!3^^
'yyzzji
relations field, Brenda F. Cowie Hamssem,
BA'65, becomes manager, industrial relations;
and, new manager for the public affairs division is K. Scott McRae, BA'67, formerly manager, wholesale sales for B.C....Steven R.
Harvey, BA'62, has been named group controller, international and mining with Dillingham Corporation in Honolulu, Hawaii. He
has been with the company since 1974 when he
joined as a senior financial analyst.
Unable to attend Homecoming '77, Arnold
F. Smith, BPE'62, sent his best wishes to all his
college friends. He presently has the unique
task of developing an international school in
the north-west corner of Iran, not far from the
Russian border.... Dean of arts and science for
Trent University, David R. Cameron, BA'63,
will be on leave from September 1977 to June
1978 to serve on the research staff of the federal
Task Force on Canadian Unity. Author of
Nationalism, Self-Determination and the Quebec
Question, he joined Trent's staff in 1968 in the
department of political studies Thomas
Carefoot, BSc'61, MSc'63, (PhD, Wales), associate professor of zoology at UBC, is the author of a new guide to the intertidal world,
Pacific Seashores (J.J. Douglas). This is the first
Canadian-produced book on the intertidal
ecology of the west coast and it is superbly
illustrated with drawings by Douglas Tait and
color plates. Chronicle readers had a preview of
some of Tait's drawings as they appeared on the
magazine's Spring '76 cover and with an article
on the 200-mile off-shore resources limit in the
same issue.
After two years as principal of East Kootenay
Community College, James Gary Dickinson,
BEd'63, MA'66, DEd'68, has returned to UBC
as an associate professor of education. Recognizing his major contributions to post-
secondary education in the East Kootenay,
Dickinson was named a fellow of East
Kootenay College....Janet ElderMn Funston,
BA'63, is working on a special project as the
result of an award from the National Endowment for the Humanities in the college
teacher-in-residence fellowship program, at
Columbia University, New York. At the completion of the 1977-78 academic year she will
return to San Diego where she has been teaching at the college level.... John S. Hay wood-
Farmer, BSc'63, MSc'65, PhD'68, has been
appointed to a senior lectureship at the Victoria
University of Wellington, New Zealand.
Richard C. Malone, BA'63, succeeds his
father as the representative of the Winnipeg
Free Press in the Canadian Press news cooperative. He has been publisher of the Winnipeg
newspaper since 1974....Vancouver artist
Raymond Chow, BEd'64, who successfully
runs his own gallery in the Gastown area, is
now picking up where he left off on several
other interests. Having failed his ARTC exam
in high school, he is now back at the piano and
is even composing some of his own music. To
round out his interest he collects pianos with a
passion. He has a storage problem though, because he also collects vintage cars.
Lucifer and Lucinda (November House) is a
new novel by Kenneth Dyba, BA'64, author of
Sister Roxy. Although it sounds like an ordinary cat-story with its usual cat-meets-girl,
cat-loses-girl, cat-finds-girl plot, it is in fact a
most extraordinary story with its characters —
an 80-year old Chinese avaitor, a prairie witch,
a Winnipeg Ballet prima donna ballerina and a
pin-striped prime minister — to name a
few....John A. Ekels, BSF'64, has been named
director of marketing with Norton Co. of
Canada. He joined the firm in 1971 as district
sales manager. In 1972 he became regional sales
manager for Canada and served as general sales
manager from 1974 until his recent appointment....Dorothy Jane Green, BSc'64,
MSc'66, is the recipient of a $6,000 scholarship
named for Albert George Hatcher, president of
Memorial College from 1933 to 1949. She will
apply it toward the study of the genetic factors
affecting health in south coast communities of
Newfoundland....The Vancouver chapter of
the American Marketing Association has
elected Robert B. Mackay, BCom'64, as president for 1977-78. Four members of his new
executive are also UBC grads: Chrys M.
McQuarrie, BCom'65, Dr. Stanley M.
Oberg, BCom'49, Lloyd A. Warnes,
BCom'64, and William A. Inglis, BA'67.
Kapuskasing district high school has a new
vice-principal, Robert Mitchell, BSc'64, formerly the school's math and physics teacher. A
native of Glasgow, Scotland, Mitchell came to
Canada in 1949 and taught in Peterborough for
a year before joining the staff at Kapuskasing in
1965....J. Jeremy Palin, BA'64, BLS'67, is on
staff at the Carleton University library, Ottawa, where he is responsible for special collections and rare books.... Recipient ofthe 1977
L.J. Markwardt Award given by the American cn
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26  Chronicle/Winter, 1977
J. David Barrett
Society for Testing & Materials (ASTM) was J.
David Barrett, BSF'65, a research scientist at
the Western Forest Products laboratory on the
UBC campus. Barrett shares the award with a
colleague, "for their joint research on horizontal shear wood."
Kenneth I. Gaglardi, BSc'65, PhD'72, is on
staff at East Kootenay Community College and
is teaching first-year physics and mathematics.
He has taught physics at UBC, at Trinity Western College in Langley and at the University of
Liberia for three years....Victor E. Night-
scales, BSc'65, has been appointed general
manager of Evans Products Company at the
Savona, B.C. offices. He has held various administrative positions in the company and most
recently was director of administration and
corporate secretary....A significant honor has
been accorded Peter Parchomchtak, BASc'67,
an agricultural engineer with the Canadian Agriculture research station at Summerland, B.C.
His paper on irrigation was named one of the
top 17 papers published by the American Society of Agricultural Engineers in 1976....Vern
Dale-Johnson, BSc'68, is director of marketing, Medtronic (Japan) Co. He expects to be in
Japan for three years. In Toronto he was marketing manager with Medtronic's Canadian
subsidiary. The company is a world-leader in
cardiac pacemaking and related implantable
devices....Patricia A. Greig, BLS'68, is now
coordinator of public services with the library
ofthe University of Saskatchewan. Previously,
she spent six years as head of the reference
department in the library of the University of
Western Ontario.
70s
Anthony J. Lowe, BSc'71, MBA'74, recently
returned from Hong Kong, Taiwan and Japan
where he is marketing newsprint on behalf of
the B.C. forestry industry Nicholas A.
Rubidge, MSc'71, is now director of community and continuing education in the B.C. education department. He will work closely with
school districts, colleges, universities and other
institutions providing adult education programs... .Roger D. Cham, MBA'72, (BA,Sask.),
a regional officer with the federal department of
industry, trade and commerce, has been assigned to the Canadian Embassy in Caracas,
Venezuela as second commercial secretary and
vice-consul.
Saskatchewan's first children's bookstore is
now a reality for owners, Wayne K. Dueck, ■73EZ
kufi  ^bSrttJirf-JjJiS-awsJLjiJi.^
ICl
Ian Slater
MSW'72, and his wife....One of 13 Canadian
nurses to receive a scholarship this year from
the Canadian Nurses Foundation, Dawn Hanson, DPhN'72, will use the $3,000 award to
begin a master's program in counselling mental
health at the University of Oregon.
Currently selling very well on the west coast
is Firespill (Seal Books) by Ian Slater, BA'72,
MA'73, who has written several plays and short
stories for CBC and is a two-time Chronicle
creative writing competition winner. A recent
Quill and Quire review described the book as
being for "the liberated anti-American environmentalist with a penchant for soap operas
and thrillers," and concluded with the prediction that it would be competitive in the paperback market Elaine Tarzwell Meehan,
BA'72, and her husband are now working with
CUSO and have been assigned to Jos, Nigeria. .. .Graham L. Punnett, BA'73, (MA, York),
has been appointed information officer for the
Canada-British Columbia Okanagan basin implementation agreement. Based in Penticton,
he will keep Okanagan Valley residents informed on the implementation and recommendations made by the agreement concerning
water quantity and quality....T. Sturla Gun-
narsson, BA'74, has won the Norman McLaren Award, top prize in the ninth Canadian
student film festival, for his four-minute-and-
20-second experimental, black and white film,
A Day Like the Others. The award will underwrite his production of another film and provides for technical assistance from the National
Film Board.
Brian T. Laing, BASc'74, is now district
agriculturalist at Provost, Alberta with Alberta
Agriculture....Jerre Anne Kent, BHEc'75, is
chef-in-residence at Counterweight Cooking
School in Toronto. With her travelling kitchen,
she visits various Counterweight classes teaching members the practical methods of dieting.
Having grown up in a Chinese family in a
Jewish neighborhood on an Anglo-Saxon diet
(Chinese cooking was a once-in-a-while special
event), she is said to have an unusually cosmopolitan viewpoint about nutrition....Head
of the modern language department at Mt.
Elizabeth secondary school in Kitimat, Helmut Brauer, MEd'76, is now also teaching a
first-year university English course through
Northwest Community College.
Former program assistant and coordinator of
the UBC Women's Resources Centre, Eileen
Hendry, MA'76, has been appointed director,
women in management and career development programs at the UBC Centre for Continuing Education....A 24-month project in the
geosciences department of Ryder College, Nev
Jersey, is under the direction of George A.
Lager, PhD'76, (BS, St. Joseph's, Ind.; MS,
Virginia Polytechnical Inst.). The project deals
with computer stimulation of mineral structures at high temperatures....Thomas Hayes
McCurdy, MA76, (BA, Guelph), will study
toward his doctorate at the London School of
Economics on a Canada Council fellowship.
Clifford A. Stainsby, BSA'76 is now executive director ofthe Scientific Pollution and Environmental Control Society (SPEC)....One of
seven recipients across Canada of the McKenzie travelling scholarship valued at $3,500, Reg
D. Neale, BA'77, will be studying for a master's degree in international relations at the
London School of Economics....After two
years in Transport Canada's railway branch,
Chris Z. Jurczynski, MSc'77, has moved to
the department of finance's division concerned
with crown corporations.
Births
Mr. and Mrs. Kevin G. Alker, BEd'71,
MA'73, a daughter, Jennifer Mary, May 23,
1977 in Sydney, Australia....Mr. and Mrs.
Gordon K. Elliot, BEd'69, a son, Edward
MacKenzie, June 28, 1977 in Smithers,
B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Ronald D. London,
(Elaine Hatch, BEd'71), a son, Jeffrey David,
June 1, 1977 in Vancouver....Mr. and Mrs.
Raymond B. Pelland, MEd'77, (Nadine D.
Sheehan, BEd'73), a daughter, Renee Jacqueline Louise, August 22, 1977 in Vancouver....Mr. and Mrs. Richard J. Sowerby,
BEd'74, (Randi Ydse, BSc'73), a son, Michael
Ryan, August 26, 1977 in New Westminster,
B.C....Mr. and Mrs. Barry Wilcox, BPE'70, a
daughter, Sara Morgan, August 10, 1977 in
New Westminster, B.C... .Mr. and Mrs. Dave
Steadman, (Arlene R. Dixon, BHE'70,
BEd'71), a son, Cameron Sakima, October 3,
1977 in Kentville, Nova Scotia....Mr. and
Mrs. Paul F. Killeen, BPE '67, (MA, SFU),
(Judy A. White, BEd'67), a daughter, Caren
Janet, July 10, 1977 in Burnaby... .Capt. and
Mrs. George Manson, BA'66, a daughter,
Katherine Grace, October 1, 1977 in Oromoc-
to, New Brunswick.
Deaths
Marjorie Agnew, BA'22, October, 1977 in
Vancouver. An outstanding member of the
1922 Student Campaign Committee, (the Great
Trek), she was "decorated" with a cairn pin in
1947 and was presented with the Great Trekker
award in 1958. She was the driving force behind the establishment of the MacMillan Fine
Arts Club in the school at which she taught,
Templeton Junior High School and was a
member ofthe UBC senate from 1951 to 1957.
After her retirement from teaching, she was
very much involved with the organizing of volunteers for the Vancouver Symphony. She is
survived by a brother.
Robert Campbell Brown, BA'30, BSA'36,
September, 1977 in Campbell River, B.C. At
the age of four he emigrated to Vancouver from
Scotland with his parents and attended the Old
Central School (later the City Hall) and was z
At home or away — a UBC team
needs your cheers....
Basketball
The home and away schedules for men's and
women's basketball are identical. All home
games are played at the War Memorial Gym:
women, 7:00 pm; men, 9:00 pm.
Dec.       29-30   UBC at Oregon Tech.
Jan. 6-7   UBC at Calgary
13-14   Saskatchewan at UBC
20-21    UBC at UVic
27-28   Alberta at UBC
Feb. 3-4   UBC at Lethbridge
10-11   Calgary at UBC
17-18   UBC at Saskatchewan
Rugby
All home games begin at 2:30 pm at Thunderbird Stadium.
Jan. 28 Oregon State at UBC
Feb. 18 UBC at Victoria
21 UBC at Long Beach State
25 UBC at Santa Barbara
ice Hockey
All home games start at 7:30 pm, UBC Winter
Sports Centre.
Jan. 6-7 Calgary at UBC
13-14 UBC at Saskatchewan
20-21 Alberta at UBC
27-28 UBC at Calgary
Feb. 3-4 Saskatchewan at UBC
10-11 UBC at Calgary
17-18 UBC at Saskatchewan
24-25 Alberta at UBC
Mar. 3-5 playoffs, location TBA
Volleyball
Jan. 7  Thunderette tournament,
9 am to 11 pm
27-28   UBC at Victoria
Canada West tournament
Feb.        17-18   UBC at Alberta
Canada West tournament
For tickets and further information on the above
events or on any UBC athletic events contact
the athletics office, 228-2295 (women) or 228-
2531 (men). It is suggested that you inquire
locally for location and time of "away" games.
27 UBC Alumni Association
MUSIC/UBC
A showcase of musical performances by members
of the faculty of the UBC department of music and
some of its outstanding students. Programs are
arranged and coordinated by the department.
A superb faculty recital begins the subscription
series of five Thursday evening concerts on
January 12,1978. Featured artists are: Jane Kay
Martin, flute; Paul Douglas, flute; Stephen
Chatman, prepared piano; Hans-Karl Piltz, viola;
John Loban, violin; Frederick Geoghegan, organ;
Martin Berinbaum, trumpet, and Donald Brown,,
voice.
The student concerts, January 19,1978, February 2
■*and 16 and March 2, will feature a variety of vocal
and instrumental performances.
All concerts begin at 8 p.m. in the Recital Hall of
the UBC Music Building.
A series ticket of $10 ensures a reserved seat.
Individual recitals, $3/ticket. For tickets and
information contact the UBC Alumni Association,
6251 Cecil Green Park Road, Vancouver V6T1X8
(228-3313).
Alumni Conce
Mean Music al
And you're m\
nzy.
pupil in the first class at the opening of Queen
Mary School. After graduating from UBC, he
taught grades 12 and 13 and was acting principal ofthe Prince George High School. In 1955
he returned to Vancouver and taught at Hamilton Junior High School. He retired in 1967 and
in 1971 he, moved to Campbell River with his
family. He is survived by his wife, three sons
and his sister, (Mabel Brown Young, BA'32).
Ewart G. Langille, BASc'36, May, 1977 in
Calgary, Alberta. Born in Oxford, Nova
Scotia, he moved with his family to Kelowna,
B.C. in 1908. After serving in the First World
War, he received his degree in mining engineering and worked for 33 years in gold mines in
B.C. In 1953 he became a partner in McLellan
Supply Ltd., Calgary, and retired from this
firm in 1964. He is survived by his wife, son
and daughter.
Colin Wayne Perry, BASc'66, (MBA, Wash.),
September, 1977 in Vancouver, Washington.
Born in Port Alberni, B.C., he was a resident of
Vancouver (Wash.) for the past five years (formerly residing in Seattle). He was systems
manager, City of Vancouver (Wash.)—Clark
County consolidated computer centre. He is
survived by his wife, a daughter, his parents, a
brother and two sisters.
Arthur Evans Shearman, BA'35, May, 1977 in
Vancouver. He was a teacher in the Vancouver
school system for 42 years and for the last 31
years, served as principal at Langara and
Queen Elizabeth schools. He is survived by his
wife and four daughters.
Charles (Chuck) Wills, BA'48, LLB'49, September, 1977 in Vancouver. Keenly interested
in sports, he was one of the founding partners
of the Vancouver Whitecaps soccer team and
had been involved with the B.C. Lions. He was
a senior partner in a Vancouver law firm, he
chaired the board of Yorkshire Trust Co., was
president of Cornwall Estates, and was secretary and director of Alberta Distillers Ltd. A
past president of the University Club of Vancouver and the health centre for children and
was former trustee of the Vancouver Art Gallery. He was survived by his wife (Marion Cap-
elleHebb Wills, BA'46).
Marion CapeSie Hebb Wills, BA'46, October,
1977 in Vancouver. Wife ofthe late Charles H.
Wills, BA'48, LLB'49, she is survived by four
daughters (Allison Wills MacKay-Dunn,
BEd'75), one son, a brother (Malcolm H.
Hebb, BA'31, DSc'63), and three sisters.
Lome Nelson Young, BSA'63, (MEd,
WWSC), September, 1977 in ..Vancouver. He
was a teacher and vice-principal in the Coquitlam school district. He is survived by his wife, a
son and a daughter, (Bette Shurvell, BA'70).
A Special Note
28  Chronicle/Winter, 1977
Yvonne Doriol Darlington, June, 1977 in
Vancouver. Although not a graduate of UBC,
Mme. Darlington was part ofthe university life
between 1927 and 1950 when she was a faculty
member in the French department. Born in
Montbeliard, France, she was educated there
and in Switzerland. Shortly after the First
World War, she came to Vancouver and taught
French in King George High School until 1927
when she joined the UBC faculty. Generations
of students will remember her broad human
sympathies and her respect for the integrity of
the mind, and for her amazing ability to quote
literally thousands of lines of French prose and
poetry. □ MUJiaaAwsa.
^^^MiKSEHEiaEaa^Ea
Letters
River rafting at 88
Life's adventures certainly do not start at 65, nor
do they cease, as the following report from a distinguished participant in UBC's summer session for
retired people clearly proves....
UBC's summer program for retired people covered everything you wanted to know about
literature and were afraid to ask through political ideologies, music appreciation, the French
fact, the United Nations, Canadian immigration, poetry, health, psychology, to gardening,
oceanography and the glacial epoch. It was this
last that brought the water adventuring into the
curriculum.
King Herod the Great had a spa in the mountains beyond Jordan; while the kings of England took the cure at Bath. But the aim ofthe
courses at UBC was to toughen up senior citizens, not to turn them into softies; so they
followed the Chinese, John the Baptist and the
riot police. Max Taylor, the oceanographer,
was a skin diver. He had a few takers; but the
big pressure was on Bernie Fandrich, the moving spirit in Kumsheen Raft Adventures, and
rightly so.
The Chinese have long used the water torture to discourage their dissidents: you sit the
culprit on a stool, fasten him firmly, hang a
vessel containing water above him, and let the
drip from a small aperture trickle on his exposed head until he comes to his senses. Riot
police find that cold water sprayed on rampaging mobs has a soothing effect; John the Baptist
used the Jordan River as a dunking station for
the stiff-necked, but repentant sinners who
pressed in on him.
Bernie Fandrich did not spawn a spa; he
spawned a Thompson River purging rite which
embodied all the ancient tortures with a few
twists made possible with the help of technology-
The UBC geologists ran a solo flight from
Savona, our instructor hanging on for dear life,
like the rest of us. Our sneakers skimmed the
water as we pressed our backs against the
waterproof-bagged food and luggage that had
usurped the body of the contraption the
Kumsheen people deigned to call a raft. Imagine two enormous snails, inflated in four sections for safety, joined together by a wooden
frame reinforced with iron and propelled by an
outboard motor capable of handling a North
Shore-Vancouver Sea Bus in crisis.
The skipper, we learned, could rotate his
craft on a silver dollar; the instructor, no
geologist, but a poet, could inveigle the rocks
into telling a story of creation that pre-dated
Adam and Eve. The ghouls of nature were
everywhere; the landscape had not yet recovered from the rape of the ice age.
The day was fine, the water smooth and
transparent, the passengers dived into the
stream, three at a time with life-jackets firmly
in place, to be yanked aboard over the engine
by a simple twist of the wrist that the skipper
had acquired from long practice. The heart
flutterings of that first day were wasted effort.
The "cricks" I used to wade in in Ontario provided greater hazards. We were afloat on the
"ole swimmin hole", simply that and nothing
more; and everybody loved it.
We ate well, slept well, had a before-
breakfast swim in a sand-circled inlet, visited a
back-lot relief station that matched anything
from the Deep South that the New Yorker
could dream up; and were on our way. The
geologists joined the adventurers and all hell
began to break loose. The adventurers in the
puffed-up buoy with oars were the worst. They
had to have pails to bail out the water that
flooded into their raft. We got the slops their
pails scooped up. Fortunately, our baggage was
now in a truck and we were safe inside; but with
no bailing equipment. And our engine refused
to splash back; when two neurotic oars propelled the spray from all the fountains of Versailles
cascading over our defenceless heads and
backs. The geologists were less angelic than the
motor; but our paper cups proved small arms in
the face of their artillery barrage. Worse still,
since the oarsman resembled a bronze god, all
the bikinis rushed his craft. We had plenty of
motivation to sink this floating baby's nipple;
but no mere male has, as yet, been able to put it
in the season of giving,
in any season....
a
book
is a
loving gift
ubc bookstore
on the campus
228-4741
UBC ALUMNI TRAVEL
SKI
THE
OLYMPIC
SLOPES
$797
Double
Occupancy
larch 1—March 15,1978
A night in Copenhagen—'the Paris ofthe North'—10 days of
fantastic skiing in beautiful Innsbruck and a final night in
Copenhagen—all the ingredients for a perfect winter vacation.
Prices include economy return airfare (Vancouver—Munich),
transfers, 1 st class hotels in Copenhagen and Innsbruck and
2 meals a day in Innsbruck with breakfast on the final day in
Copenhagen.
Reservations must be received no later the January 13,
1978. Act now. Space is limited!
For reservations or further information contact:
R LAWSON TRAVEL
Ruth Smythe
4439 W. 10th Ave.
Vancouver, B.C.
V6R 2H8       Tel: 224-3262
the holidaymakers
29 ttxJ.*iSJ^2-^aS--^if Arf-'tf- "u^w*
SUmEfflH
Chronicle Clarified
...Is your personal marketplace. It's a way to reach the more
than 70,000 Chronicle readers (about half in Vancouver, the
rest in more exotic locales) whether you have a vacation to
offer, a greeting to send, a home to exchange or something to
sell — from a book, to a pot of organic honey, to a widgit,
almost anything.
Send us your ad and we'll find a category.
Books/Periodicals
Camadian Fiction Magazine features fiction, manifestoes, reviews, graphics,
photos and interviews quarterly, for $9
per year in Canada, $10 elsewhere. P.O.
Box 46422. Station G, Vancouver, BC
V6R 4G7.
Put a book on your Christmas list. Fiction, Canadiana, poetry and juveniles.
Send for a free fall catalogue from J.J.
Douglas Ltd., 1875 Welch Street, North
Vancouver, BC V7P 1B7
Lifestyles
UBC's Women's Resources Centre: drop-
in counselling, referral and life-style
planning, Ste. 1, 1144 Robson St. Vancouver, BC (685-3934).
Art
Toni Onley, Survivor's Island: a Georgian
Bay watercolor in facsimile reproduction
on 20" x 24" Carlyle Japan, $20. Color
illustration and order form on request.
Artcore Publishing, 3506 West 28 Ave,
Vancouver BC V6S 1S2.
Chronicle Classified is a regular quarterly feature. All classified advertisements are accepted and positioned at the discretion ofthe publisher. Acceptance does not imply product or service endorsement or support. Rates: $1
per word, 10 word minimum; 10% extra for display; 10% discount for four
times insertion. Telephone numbers and postal codes count as one word.
Cheque or money order must accompany copy. Closing date for next issue
(Mar. 15) is Feb. 1. Chronicle Classified, 6251 Cecil Greee Park Road, Vancouver, B.C. V6T 1X8 (228-3313)
Chronicle Classified Order Form
This is my message:
I am enclosing $_
for.
words.
(Please make cheques payable to UBC Alumni Association)
Please run my ad time(s) in the following issue(s):
(Chronicle publishing dates: Dec. 1, March 15, June 15, Sept. 15)
Name 	
Address
Postal Code
over a clutch of mermaids.
Our geologist tried to be a civilizing force,
the three rafts circled in a grotto that would
have inspired Dante to an epic on B.C. Nobody
listened. On high adventure bent, knowledge is
the last thing mortals crave.
It was the Calgary Stampede from here on in.
The CP and CN chuck wagons roared along
side, with us in the middle. Fortunately, they
had to stick to their ruts; solid steel and spiked
down. The rest of what was going for us was not
so considerate. No giant tossed a rock at us; but
giant rocks tossed waves at us in a series of
horse manes that made the Charge ofthe Light
Brigade look like a simple field manoeuvre.
At the foot of each rapid, we turned to make
sure that the other rafts made it to the bottom,
topside up. We were mother duck to the overblown buoy that had showered insults on us.
After all, a common danger might even unite
the Quebecois with their hidden enemies in the
rest of Canada. Why not force Rene and Pierre
to take the Kumsheen run together. They
might end up buddies.
What really shook the more timid adventurers was the assurance that, when we had passed
through the Jaws of Death, the worst was over.
Perhaps it was the less powerful engine (they
passed the twenty horse-power over to us) but I
am personally convinced that the diabolical
skipper kept all four aces up his sleeve, so that
he could deal out four of the most back-teeth
shattering, froth-on-the-mouth Hound of the
Baskervilles B.C. rapids explorer Thompson
passed up.
They made me a birthday cake, sang the
conventional song the first time the spray completely covered us, gave me the equivalent of a
Thai butterfly girl to tote my luggage; but what
a way to celebrate an eighty-eighth birthday.
I would not have missed the trip for anything
I can think of; but next time I shall join the
CBC cameramen on the bank and let the adventurers risk their necks for kicks.
C.W. Topping
Professor emeritus, sociology
Vancouver
An appreciative note
Congratulations on your Autumn'77 issue. It
has a variety of content and makeup, is really
informative — an excellent effort.
Bernice McDonough
Faculty of Education
UBC
For the record
Having just read Murray McMillan's article
"Music to Learn by...And enjoy", (Autumn,
'77), I feel that I must correct a few minor
inaccuracies.
On page 18, paragraph 3, "Bernstein's Requiem" should be "Britten's War Requiem",
and in the following paragraph "Carnegie Collection" should read "Carnegie Corporation".
I am quite certain that the "Carnegie" error
will not cause any problems but I am bracing
for the flood of people, who, I'm sure, will be
rushing to hear Mr. Bernstein's as yet unwritten "Requiem".
Doug Kaye
Wilson Recording
'■■  '" Collection, UBC
30   Chronicle/Winter, 1977

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