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UBC Alumni Chronicle Mar 31, 1970

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 UBC ALUMNI
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SPRING 70
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JAPAN'S NEW ACTION GENERATION! An announcement of great interest
to all UBC Alumni
As a service to the UBC ALUMNI CHRONICLE, Encyclopaedia Britannica have just completed arrangements which will
enable UBC Faculty, staff members and alumni to obtain the
200th Anniversary Edition of Britannica on an exciting Group
Discount offer—at a price substantially lower than that available
to any individual.
In addition to receiving the 24-volume 200th Anniversary Edition of Britannica itself at the Group Discount, subscribers will
have the choice of additional Britannica educational materials
at no additional cost, through this Group Discount Plan.
The 24 volumes of the Anniversary Edition and the extras are
offered for the single reduced price— a price available only
under this plan.
All the information is available without cost or obligation, so
take advantage of this opportunity. Send for the facts now, while
the enclosed card is handy. ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
CONTENTS
4      JAPAN'S NEW ACTION GENERATION   Tobin Robbins
Why Japan's students
are taking to the
streets
Women: biggest obstacle to women's
liberation?
10   WOMEN'S LIBERATION
Kirsten Emmott
13   THE ARTIST AND THE NEW ART Clive Cocking
18   BOOK REVIEWS
22 HOCKEY BIRDS
24 VICTIMS OF THE FLORENCE
NIGHTINGALE MYTH
28 ALUMNI  NEWS
30 SPOTLIGHT
Allan Fotheringham
Frank Marzari
Joyce Bradbury
Four UBC artists talk
about art today
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER    Marv Ferg
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE     Elizabeth Spencer Associates
Action picture story
of Thunderbird hockey team
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, chairman, Frank C. Walden, BA'49, past
chairman, Miss Kirsten Emmott, Med 1, Michael W. Hunter, BA'63,
LLB'67, Dr. Joseph Katz, BA, MEd (Man.), PhD (Chicago), Fred H.
Moonen, BA'49, Douglas C. Peck, BCom'48, BA'49, Dr. Erich W. Vogt,
BSc, MSc (Man.), PhD (Princeton), Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51.
Published quarterly by the Alumni Association of The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver,   Canada.   Business   and   editorial   offices:   Cecil   Green   Park,   6251   N.W.
Marine Dr., U.B.C, Vancouver 8,  B.C.
The U.B.C. Alumni Chronicle is sent free of charge to alumni donating to the Alumni
Fund     programme   and   3   Universities   Capital   Fund.   Non-donors   may   receive   the
magazine by paying a subscription of $3.00 a year.
Postage paid in cash at the Third Class rate. Permit No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
VOLUME 24, NO. 1, SPRING 1970 JAPAN'S
NEW ACTION
GENERATION
TOBIN  ROBBINS
A   ND   NOW   THE   NEWS   .   .   .   thou-
-^*- sands of Japanese students today
battled police in the streets of downtown Tokyo. Chanting Ampo fun-
sai—('smash the Japan-U.S. Security Treaty') and Kidotai kaere—
('Riot police go home'), the students
overturned cars, smashed shop windows and threw molotov cocktails
into police boxes. Several hundred
students were arrested and by nightfall peace had returned to the city."
To John Vancouver, sitting in his
castle in split-level suburbia, it's just
another case of crazed communist
youths defying the established order.
Berkeley, Burnaby, Paris, Rome,
Tokyo, it's all the same, perhaps even
an international conspiracy hatched
deep in the bowels of the Kremlin.
As Spiro might say, "You seen one
demonstration, you seen 'em all."
But is student unrest identical the
world over? For me, a young Canadian living in Tokyo, the answer is
"no", at least in the Japanese case.
4
First impressions to the contrary, the
aims and ideals of students here are
different from those of their peers in
North America. Coca Cola and
flashy neon signs abound, but once
one begins to dig beneath the surface,
one soon realizes that a western
country this is not. Not being a native
or even essentially Eastern in outlook, it is very difficult to unravel all
the traits which make the situation
here unique. Consequently, I have
tried to attack the problem from the
point of view of the radical students
themselves, using their own words as
much as possible.
First, it is necessary to define the
group with which we are dealing. If
there is one similarity between the
situation here and abroad, it is that
there isn't what could be called a cohesive student movement. In 1948,
a group called Zengakuren, the All
Japan Federation of Student's Autonomous Association, was formed.
Membership was obligatory once one ^
t
I
Yoshii Yukata
entered an affiliated college. (Much
like the ill-fated Canadian Union of
Students.) When at its peak in 1958-
60, it comprised about 250 independent student governments at 120 universities scattered throughout the
country, and had a membership of
close to 300,000.
For its first 10 years, the body was
controlled by the Japan Communist
Party. Rigid discipline was imposed
based on party policy towards students and youth in general. Eventually JCP control began to weaken
because of ideological troubles within the party over such things as the
Sino-Soviet rift. Finally in 1960 an
outright split occurred. One group
remained loyal to the JCP and another known as the "mainstreamers"
broke into smaller parts although
each remained violently anti-JCP.
Throughout the 1960's we see a
continual struggle for ascendancy
between the loyal communist party
faction known as Minsei and the anti-
Yoyogi (anti-JCP) factions. Some
Japanese commentators have likened
the rivalry to that between the Catholic Church and various Protestant
sects. The pro-JCP group uses the
slogan "a student movement in which
every student can participate", and
initially, was able to command a
much larger following than its foe.
The "mainstreamers" fought back
by constructing a so-called "Fighting
Zengakuren." Each claimed to be the
legitimate heir to the pre-1960 body.
The struggle for membership on individual campuses was quite understandable because to have control
over individual students' antono-
mous associations which, as has been
mentioned, every student is compelled to join, is tantamount to having a firm grip over the student body
of that university—and it also provides much-needed cash.
Minsei is more "fundamentalist^"
and innerdirected than the other faction and concentrates on tackling
everyday problems facing students.
For example, it presses for improvement of cafeterias, lavatories, and
other facilities. It tries to avoid
violent clashes with the riot police
and obeys official regulations in respect to rallies and demonstrations.
Most students see this group as too
self-interested. As well, the rigid
party control is taken as a form of
officialdom.
In contrast, the anti-JCP Zenga
kuren tries to meet the demands of
peace and democracy (enshrined in
the new post-war constitution) which
all students entertain by resorting to
violent activities such as anti-war
struggles or struggles against forces
that they perceive are destroying
democracy. These factions are noted
for their extremely uncompromising
conduct, and they are not moved by
slander and ridicule. Isolation from
the rest of their peers or from society
in general doesn't deter them; in fact,
many students are more impressed
by their uncompromising idealism
than by the cold political calculation
and opportunism which characterizes
Minsei.
Since late 1965, a new group has
arisen known, as non-sect radicals
who don't belong to any particular
grouping. In individual campuses or
street actions (known as struggles)
they tend to be the adhesive which
binds together all the anti-Yoyogi
forces. Their numbers are increasing
month by month.
To spot the players then in early
1970, we have the pro-JCP Minsei
on one side; and the anti-JCP factions, Chttkaku (nuclear), Hantei
(anti-imperialism) and Kakumaru
(revolutionary Marxist), plus the
non-sect radicals on the other. To
simplify even further Old Left vs.
New Left. And the split is 65 per
cent of the self-governing student
associations for the pro-JCP Zengakuren and 35 per cent for the anti-
JCP Zengakuren.
We are concerned with the latter.
This is because they are the dynamic
which has fired the massive wave of
campus protests which at one point
or another in 1969 forced the closing
of more than one-third of Japan's
346 universities. And they are also
the forces visible to the world
through street demonstrations. It
may be difficult for people in North
America to understand but even
though Minsei may numerically have
considerable followers it can be virtually written off.
"In order for a man to free his
spirit from all encumbrances, he
must have the capacity to analyze his
own spirit and that capacity is called
self-consciousness. But there exists
one thing which, clouding our self-
consciousness restrains our spirit;
and that restraint is called material.
What should we do to free our spirit
from material?" These are the words of a 20 year-old student, Yamazaki
Hiroaki, who was killed at the height
of the student-police battle near
Haneda (Tokyo) International Airport on October 8, 1967. The demonstration was over Prime Minister
Sato's vHt to Southeast Asian countries including South Vietnam, and
has come to be known as the First
Haneda Incident. The details of his
death which are still clouded as well
as the riot itself are unimportant;
what is important is the quotation.
Yamazaki was a member of an anti-
Yoyogi faction and his words express
much of the philosophy behind his
actions and those of his compatriots.
Politics, and especially student-
style Marxism of the type seen in
North America, have very little relationship to the actions of the anti-
JCP Zengakuren. The motivations of
this body are not those of Rudd and
the Weathermen or Cohn-Bendit or
Warrian and Loney. These factions
have been called "civilization factions" by writers such as Fukeshiro
Junro of the Asahi Shimbun (the
world's largest daily) for they sense
"through philosophy and literature
the feelings of alienation and suppression" and they search "for a way
of human subjective living."
Note the word alienation. It is
student slang for describing a condition in which humans are treated inhumanly. The concept "what it
means to live as a human being" is
continually being considered by these
students. For example, consider this
comment from a recent issue of the
Osaka University of Economics student newspaper: "We should always
ask ourselves what a human being is,
what a human being should be, in relation to the various social phenomena that surround us, in connection
with the situation in which we live.
We should take action based on our
beliefs toward the problems that present themselves as a result of this
kind of self-reflection. . . . We are not
dolls. We are human beings. We are
not slaves; we are free men."
It is quite easy to dismiss the preceding prose as immature existential nonsense. But one must not judge
too hastily. Let's take a look at the
environment which these students
consider dehumanizing.
Kindergarten is the key to a successful life. While this may sound
rather foolish to North Americans,
many Japanese will tell you that the
choice of a "proper" kindergarten is
essential if one has hopes of a bright
future for his children. A good kindergarten opens the door to a good
primary school, which in turn unlocks the entrance to a good middle
school, and then a good high school
and finally a prestige university.
As is generally known, Japan was
forced to modernize rapidly following the Meiji Restoration of 1868.
This was essentially due to a desire
to remain free of the type of colonialism forced on China by the great
powers of the day, Britain, France,
Russia and, to a smaller extent,
America. In order to do so without
creating massive disruption, certain
features of the traditional social
structure were maintained. Of primary importance is that the values
governing human relations in the
Edo (1600-1868) and earlier periods were applied to the new institutions created during the Meiji era.
This meant that the old system of
distinct and closed elite groups and
specific statuses were to be maintained. As well, within specific status
groups competition was to be kept to
a minimum through a system of promotion based on seniority.
Needless to say, the education system played an important part in
maintaining the old order. Very few
students reached the top, i.e. the
universities, and those who did were
virtually guaranteed a prestigious
position. The selection of a doctrine
to govern the operation of the university (a western institution) reflected other decisions vis-a-vis the
social order. The doctrines of a German diplomat-scholar, Karl Wilhelm
von Humboldt, were of sizeable influence. He held that the university
was an "ivory tower" existing solely
to educate a handful of the social
elite.
Defeat in World War II changed
many things. American concepts of
mass democracy were introduced including universal accessibility to
higher education. From 48 pre-war
universities and two-year junior colleges, the number burgeoned to 377
with a total enrolment of 1.5 million
students. The percentage of students
enrolled is over 20 per cent, second
only to the United States. In pre-war
days, only 16 per cent of the children
who completed compulsory six-year
primary education went on to the
five-year secondary schools. But there is one catch. Although
the number of schools increased, the
hierarchical nature of society remained basically the same. What this
meant is that the seven old established pre-1945 Imperial Universities, plus Tokyo's two famous private
schools, Keio and Waseda, retained
their former prestige. If one had aspirations of a successful career,
graduation from Todai (Tokyo University), Kyodai (Kyoto University)
or the two previously mentioned private schools was essential. This is
where the competition ethic comes
into play. One's gakureki (education
record) is a key determinant of status. University education alone is
necessary if one is desirous of becoming even a middle-level "salary-
man" (business worker) but graduation from a "proper" school holds the
key to bureaucratic or business success. It is said that gakurekishugi
(diploma-ism) is virtually a national
ideology in Japan.
The entire education system has
been patterned on gakurekishugi.
Consequently from kindergarten age,
children are streamed by a rigorous
process of entrance examinations.
The primary function of many "top"
schools is simply to prepare students
for the succeeding exam. The exam
system itself is Confucian; and is
based on one used in Imperial China
to select capable bureaucrats, but
was abolished prior to 1910.
Who suffers under this situation?
The student of course. His entire
childhood is devoted to passing succeeding exams on the way to "the pot
of gold"—college entrance. Many
normal childhood desires and interests must be suppressed in order
to succeed in the "test hell", as it is
known. A well-known author, Oe
Kenzaburo, (A personal Matter),
quotes a student whom he interviewed at a famous Tokyo high
school: "I sometimes find myself
wishing some of my bright classmates
would drop dead!" A normal adolescent comment? It is interesting to
note that the second highest cause of
death among Japanese youths between the ages of 15 and 25 after
T.B.  is  suicide.
If what I have described is not
troubling enough, there is still more.
Once the mountain has been successfully climbed, the university one
reaches is a sham. First, the Von
Humboldt doctrine although no lon
ger applicable remains, thus leaving
the university totally out of touch
with the world around it. Second, the
primary function of the university is
to confer degrees so that the quality
of teaching and academic standards
in general arc dismal. Third, although universities have proliferated
since 1945, most are private institutions with no government support.
Turning a handsome profit, rather
than fostering the education of students is often the prime concern.
Coupled with the education system as an example of what students
call "inhumanity" are employment
practices in the business and bureaucratic world. As has been mentioned,
promotion is based on seniority. (Except in several post-war companies
like Sony and Honda). Immediately
upon graduation, one enters a company with whom one remains until
retirement, methodically working up
the ladder at the same speed as one's
peers (educationally speaking). In
fact, because the university fails to
adequately train its students, most
men receive their career education
from the company.
Because of the system, most
Japanese of 20 lack both the independence and maturity commensurate with their years. Upon entering
the university many students immediately lose their way. The college
teaching staff and administration are
of no help for, as the Education
Ministry found in a recent survey,
only 46.7 per cent of all students
have any form of contact with their
professors; and of those who had no
contact 76.3 per cent said they could
not find such an opportunity even if
they wanted it. Here is a comment by
a student at Waseda University:
"The university which I worked so
hard to enter is not worth staking the
last years of my youth to enriching
my inner self. It gives me a passport
to enter society just by attending lectures. The duty of the university does
not appear to be to give an education
but to usher the students into society
after keeping them for four years.
We who were burning with ideals and
zeal sought a place to test our possibilities even if our ideals were not
realistic. However, we were all
shoved into large classrooms where
we could see only vaguely through
the mist the faces of the professors
whom we respected. We never spoke
a word with the students who sat next
7 * ^mM
svtma
f^lr^'i '••r-
to us. On the school campus were
seen groups of students who appeared not to know what to do with
the time they had to themselves. The
most important man-to-man relationship is all but gone."
From the preceding, I think it is
possible to realize why alienation
might arise. Because of the system a
generation of youths whom we might
call "action freaks" have developed.
In clearer terms, many of the students who are members of the anti-
JCP Zengakuren, consider themselves to be non-sect radicals, find the
human feeling and self-independence
they are immediately grasping for
through participation in various
forms of demonstration. The action
is the vehicle rather than the end in
itself and here is where the Japanese
experience differs from that in North
America or western Europe.
An activist at Wesada states, "Our
struggle has involved us in a countless number of memorable experiences. For the first time, we have been
able to know each other as human
beings. There are quite a few seniors
who fisure that if there had been no
student protest they would have
graduated from college without hav-
ins had the taste of comradeship,
without having shared this common
experience."
A student newspaper of Yokohama National University makes a
further interesting comment in this
vein: "If you feel that something is
wrong—even if you do not understand the reason—you should resort
to action. Through action you will
come to understand gradually that
what you had only felt is really
wrong. You will achieve nothing if
you only say I don't understand to
yourself. You should not be afraid
of the results of your action. What
should be feared is the cowardliness
that denies action."
The search for genuine human experience in a personal sense is in
many ways the ultimate goal for
many radicals. It must be remembered, though, that the majority of
these students are members of specific sects and that the actions themselves are highly organized. Training
in demonstration techniques is carried on constantly, and each student
wears the helmet of his or her faction.
The sects do have definite ideologies,
but the problem is the same—the
necessity of drastic social change, for ^—4 -
a return to the ideals of peace and
democracy so close to the heart of
the nation in 1945. Since the movement is action-oriented, the ideological nuances are unimportant.
It would appear that other than in
harshly awakening the populace to
the serious problems in their midst,
these students have no romantic illusions of group conquest. (Sadly,
they are often intoxicated with heroism.) This doesn't mean that they are
realists, only that they are prepared
to be deeply wounded in their quest
for existential meaning.
For the older generation, the question is—what can be done to reorient
the energies of these youths? No one
in Japan seems to have the answer.
To urge massive police suppression
is only to add more fuel to the next
molotov cocktail. To blindly condemn is in many ways to place oneself in a position more worthy of condemnation. To rhetorically admit understanding is to accept the liberal
position and bring on even more
scorn from the radical. Clearly there
is no real solution unless one accepts
the premise that one's society must
be totally reconstructed and that is a
fanciful dream.
Finally, a short word on what is
foreseen in the immediate future—
Expo '70 and all that! Presently the
student movement is resting and rebuilding following the cataclysmic
autumn offensive in which larger
numbers of students were arrested
and battles more violent than ever
before. Prime Minister Sato's massive victory in the December 27th
election may help cool the situation,
but it is doubtful. What may "lower
the profile," to use some Nixonese, is
the fact that the ranks of the hard
core militants have been reduced
considerably, and that the autumn
actions (riots) estranged the anti-
JCP radicals from some of their previous support.
This is the year for reappraisal of
the U.S.-Japan Security Treaty
(A.N.P.O.). Renewal will be automatic as Sato has already publicly
announced his position, but the issue
will be formally debated in the Diet
(parliament) sometime in June. It is
■jfcy^frfc
Fj»jp'*si5^J**j3K
not unlikely that some trouble will
arise.
On the surface, individual campuses are now quiet because of the
invocation of the University Normalization Bill which was rammed
through the Diet last summer. It
gives the Minister of Education the
right to take over operation of any
campus deemed still in serious and
unsolvable strife after a certain fixed
period of time. Virtually every college held entrance exams this spring,
and to outsiders all would appear
well. But until genuine reforms are
carried out the situation will remain
far from stable.
Tobin Robbins has been an on-the-
spot observer of Japan's student
movement for almost a year. A
former UBC student council external affairs officer, he is working for
Berlitz in Tokyo and completing a
final course requirement for his BA.
Yoshii Yukata is a young Japanese
professional photographer, a recent
graduate of Tokyo's Nihon University College of Art. pU*C
\*>
,10
i     Rl^ "'
pM-"
WOMEN'S
LIBERATION
A Women's Caucus member says
women are their own worst oppressors
In Toronto, a young woman student bursts onto a stage on which
a beauty contest is being held, flings
open her coat, and reveals a sign
reading, "I Have A Mind", pinned to
her dress. She proceeds to denounce
the bikini-clad girls for taking part in
an "obscene" publicity stunt.
In Quebec, placard - carrying
women defy a 1928 law and crash
a tavern, demanding the right to
drink beer along with men.
In Vancouver, twenty women
parade outside the Engineers Club
protesting the club's ruling against
admittance of women except under
certain conditions.
In New York City, a deranged
Lesbian gets publicity for her man-
hating views after she critically
wounds   pop   artist  Andy  Warhol.
At Simon Fraser University, 25-
year-old Janiel Jolley is chosen to
compete in the Miss Canadian University contest—and to denounce it
as degrading.
At UBC, women agitate for a daycare centre, run lectures on such
topics as "History Without Women",
circulate a birth-control questionnaire—through The Ubyssey, and
sell a paper called The Pedestal.
What's going on?
It's part of a new movement growing in North America. It's called the
New Feminist Movement by journalists just discovering it and women's
liberation (or Lib) by many involved
in it. An emotion-packed subject, it
arouses many of the same feelings
the original black liberation movement did—and there are parallels.
The 1968 Royal Commission on
the Status of Women, whose report
is scheduled to be released sometime
this year after numerous delays, has
been denounced in some quarters as
an expensive boondoggle, a wasteful
expenditure of taxpayers' money on
10 KIRSTEN EMMOTT
finding out what everybody already
knows. But study of testimony and
briefs submitted to the commission
uncovers a surprising array of flaws,
injustices and frustrations in Canadian society that are little understood
and generally ignored.
This was the position of the Vancouver Womens' Caucus before the
commission last December. To
dramatize what they said was the
anger of Canadian women, a Port
Moody housewife stood outside on
the sidewalk with a rifle and ammo
belt slung across her shoulder.
Extreme? Some women don't
think so. None other than Judy La-
Marsh, former cabinet minister in the
Pearson government predicted not
long ago that women will turn militant in the next 20 years if not
allowed to develop their potential.
However, the womens' lib groups
at Vancouver's universities are more
reform-minded than militant. They
seek to inform women at university
and in the community about the
problems they face, and to work for
needed reforms. Among the movement's guiding lights are Dr. Margaret Benston, assistant professor of
chemistry at Simon Fraser University; Marcy Cohen, graduate student
in education at SFU; Ellen Woods-
worth, third year anthropology student at UBC; and Ruth Dworkin,
UBC graduate student in ecology
and former student government
officer.
These women are members of the
Vancouver Women's Caucus, local
chapter of a continent-wide organization. At UBC their program is still
in a formative stage.
UBC girls, however, took part in
the Engineer's Club protest. And last
summer they picketed Prime Minister Pierre Elliot Trudeau at the Seaforth Armories calling him a well-
known exploiter of women who refused to enforce laws forbidding
discrimination.
What they consider more important, however, is telling local women
"where it's at" through education
meetings, a speakers bureau and
concrete help with such things as
birth control information. Along with
the likes of Helen McCrae, the UBC
dean of women, and the married
students organization, they are trying
to organize day care for children of
students.
The beginnings of the lib movement can essentially be traced back
to Betty Friedan and her famous
1963 book, The Feminine Mystique.
In turn, many of Friedan's ideas
came from Simone de Beauvoir,
especially her book The Second Sex,
in which she described the difficulty
a young French Catholic girl has in
questioning, let alone breaking out
of, the stifling family-centered life
that has been planned for her.
Friedan formed the National Organization for Women. From this
rather conservative group various
splinter parties have formed. The
scratch-your-eyes-out types, as Vancouver Sun reporter Eileen Johnson
called them, regard men as direct
oppressors of women. The odd militant lesbian appears now and then
—a handy brush with which to tar
a movement. But very few see male
oppression as the root of their
troubles.
The Women's Caucus takes the
view that the status of women is
another facet of the system under
which we live—a system which requires a handy source of cheap
labour, barred from achieving better
jobs, bought off with token concessions and phony privileges and content with their lowly status.
"The problem as we see it," says
UBC organizer Linda King, "is that
women accept the fact that they are
defined as inferior."
Thus it is that little girls consider
it normal to wear dresses and play
with dolls, study humanities and go
to work as a typist, and not normal to
wear overalls, tinker with machines,
study physics, and go to work as an
engineer. Writers in every organ from
the Socialist Worker to Newsweek
have analyzed the way girls are
channelled by female teachers, peers
and parents into "suitable" jobs and
"suitable" passive, dependent behavior. A woman who does achieve
power or position tends to get it
through men—whether she be Ma-
hatma Ghandi's daughter or Mrs.
Grace Maclnnis, the New Democratic Party Member of Parliament, who
is the widow of the late prominent
MP Angus Maclnnis and the daughter of J. S. Woodsworth, founder of
the old CCF.
"By accepting an inferior position,
women abdicate responsibility in a
society that runs their lives. It is liberation from that acceptance that
Women's Caucus wants," says member Sibylle Klein.
The Caucus, which numbers about
200 in Vancouver, encourages its
members — housewives, working
women and students—to shun the
sexual stereotype woman that leers
from every billboard and TV commercial. "Men's magazines, such as
Playboy, frankly present women as
chattels of men, as mere appendages
to the Good Life," says the Pedestal, the group's newspaper. "But
women's magazines, in content and
especially advertising, are just as
quick to define women in sexual
terms, to objectify her as a body
whose existence is meaningless without men."
The     place     of     women—and
11 women's struggle for liberation
through the suffragette movement—
is lightly dismissed in history books,
just as black history was ignored in
the U.S., it claims. This should be
remedied, and high school guidance
courses should make clear the alternatives to housewifery and service
jobs such as nursing. Girls should be
taught the value of control over their
own bodies—by which the Caucus
means free access to birth control information and abortion.
Most of these points were brought
up, along with various concrete economic suggestions about tax breaks
and so on, in a brief to the royal commission by 700 over-25 women students at UBC. The report mentioned
some interesting statistics. Did you
know that 53 per cent of Canadian
families with a female breadwinner
live below the poverty line? That
more than half the women who live
alone are poor? That the average
urban female worker in 1961 made
$ 1.651 annually while the average
male made $4,000? That a female
university graduate could hope to
earn $4,294 in 1961, while her male
counterpart could earn $11,430?
(These last figures are salaries earned
by people in their peak earning
period, age 45-54).
Dean McCrae submitted an even
more interesting brief. She collaborated with Pauline Jewett, director of
the Institute of Canadian Studies at
Carleton University; Marion Smith,
professor of English and director of
drama at Brock University; and
Madeleine Gobeil, assistant professor of French at Carleton.
After presenting the usual statis
tics, the four concluded that discrimination is rife in the academic world,
and discrimination against women
prevents the building of academic
reputations and thus perpetuates
itself. They were able to show that of
122 major policy-making commit
tees at 30 surveyed universities, only
one had a woman chairman, and the
majority had no female members
(except for library committees).
Male professors, they showed, far
outnumber females, and stand five
times as good a chance of becoming
full professors.
At the end of their report, the
women listed some authentic remarks that were made to them by
university people at various times.
• Graduate level: "Anyone who
looks like you has no need for this
kind of M.A."
• PH.D. level: "It is not the policy
of this university to employ a woman
in a teaching capacity".
• First appointment: "We have a
woman already".
• Advancement: "If you prove satisfactory you may hope, in due
course, to rise to the rank of assistant
professor."
Discrimination by men, say the
new feminists, takes many forms.
Some deny jobs to women. In the
past, women were supposedly allowed into some UBC faculties according to a quota system. Some,
take a patronizing amused position
—"Like Premier Bennett having
women in his cabinet but not giving
them anything to do," said one
Caucus member.
Others react like Harper's writer
Edward Grossman when he picked
up a women's lib pamphlet: "What's
this, some kind of dyke (lesbian)
outfit? Grossman later concluded
that women have true grievances, but
many spokesmen are speaking from
personal unhappiness. He quoted a
female friend as saying the women
involved are sexual and emotional
cripples who fear men.
At UBC, plenty of women, however, see no need for change in the
social structure. "I'm sick and tired
of hearing all that stuff about
women's liberation and how bad off
we all are", commented one coed in
the Student Union Building. "Those
girls bore me, going on about how
men are oppressing women," said
another as she contemplated a poster
announcing a lecture series on
women.
But, in view of the Women's Caucus, the fault lies not so much with
men, as with women themselves. As
a concluding note, the words of
Caucus member Ellen Woodsworth
are worth considering: "Women are
notorious for not wanting to work
for a woman, or vote for women.
Such women are their own oppressors. We blame them, not men, for
the position of women in society. We
don't talk about some giant male conspiracy that keeps us in our place.
What we want is to liberate both
women and men from the society that
puts artificial divisions between them
and keeps us apart." D
Miss Kirsten Emmott, Med.I, is an
active member of the Women's Caucus. A member of the Chronicle
editorial committee, she has served
as a reporter with The Ubyssey and
the Vancouver Sun.
WESTERN MBA's
the decision makers. Care to join them?
The objective of the M.B.A. Program at Western is to develop
professionally qualified managers. Both years of the program
emphasize the development of skills in the analysis of business
problems and decision-making in an organizational environment.
If you are interested in developing yourself for a management
career, you are encouraged to write for additional information
to:
Secretary of MBA Program,
SCHOOL OF BUSINESS ADMINISTRATION,
The University of Western Ontario,
London 72, Ontario, Canada.
12 rV*v*.
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it was that great Instant Iconoclast Marshall McLuhan, who defined art as "anything you can get
away with". And countless people,
witnessing the contemporary procession of such creative endeavors as
inflatable plastic hamburgers, Brillo
boxes, fluorescent tubes, broken egg
shells and unembellished dirt, are
saying artists are getting away with
murder. Others, however, welcome
these developments as a sign that art
has broken free of the fetters of traditional materials and art gallery-
mausoleums; art is flourishing but it
can only be appreciated with 20th
century eyes. One thing, at least, is
certain: never has there been more
controversy over what is art than tod-
day. Four prominent UBC artists.
Sam Black, Gordon Smith, Toni
Onley and Herb Gilbert, on the following pages discuss what is art and
what it means to be an artist today.
CLIVE COCKING
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•m^nt^i
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J
The Artist
And
The New Art
13 Sam Black
If there's one thing that characterizes Sam Black it's gusto. A deep
enjoyment of life and art. It's evident
in his genial conversation, his devotion to teaching and his ever-changing approach to art. It is perhaps the
basic reason why the ruddy Scots-
born artist and UBC professor of art
education was a runner-up last year
for the Master Teacher Award.
Teaching, talking or painting, Sam
Black's life is centred on art. "Art
to me," he says in his soft Scots
brogue, "is a way of life, a way of
looking at life." It is no accident then
that the landscaping at his new
Bowen Island home is being designed
by a Japanese landscape designer-
friend. Nor that his Christmas cards
are customarily prints made from his
own woodcuts. So also it is natural
that his handwriting should be a fluid
Italic: he is in fact the proponent of
Italic handwriting in B.C.
The cluttered studio above a machine shop where Black works also
reveals much about his character and
art. Stacked and hanging about the
studio are a series of works which
amount to a mini-survey of the artistic route Black has travelled since his
formative years in Scotland, France
and Belgium where he was trained,
and England, where he first taught.
Over in one corner are a couple of
early representational oils of fishing
boats and waterfront scenes. (Others
hang in galleries in England, Scotland, the United States and all over
Canada.) Here, a few brighter, more
abstract and more recent waterfront
scenes. There, some black and white
prints from woodcuts. Along the
walls hang metallic sculpture, variations on a sunburst theme, representing a new phase in Black's career.
Finally, by the easel ready for a one-
man show, are some vivid red, blue,
black, yellow and orange paper and
water color collages, very abstract
paintings of large flowers thrusting
up through the weeds by rotting fish-
boats and pilings.
Black believes in an every-chang-
ing art. His art has changed as he has
changed and he hopes it always will
do so. Certainly he intentionally
changes his artistic media—switch-
14
ing from oils to water-color to woodcuts to metal. "It amounts to a kind
of artistic holiday," he says. "One
returns to another medium refreshed.
Art, to Sam Black, is a personal
thing, based on personal experience.
So too, he believes, is any definition
of art. "It's like having a definition of
beauty—how can you? You make a
definition of art and you immediately limit it. It's like Aldous Huxley
said, 'words are a reducing value for
experience'. Any definition of art is
limiting, but I believe art is a creative
process and there's no limit to
creativity."
Black, however, does not person
ally respond to some of the current
conceptual and earth art. "The experiments that some are doing lately
of pouring glue down a muddy slope,
I don't find to be art," he says. "I
don't, for example, look at a pile of
broken glass on an islet as a form of
art. I look on it as an exploration of
art."
True art, in Black's view, demands
more of the artist. "I still believe
there has to be a distillation through
a man's skills and experience and an
action taken by the person. There has
to be direction by an intelligence.
Merely haphazard things don't make
art." Herb Gilbert
To see Freeplay, a recent display
of environmental art in UBC's gallery, you had to enter by stepping
through a large gilt picture frame.
This unique entrance symbolized
much of what is happening in art
today. And it was made intentionally
so by Herb Gilbert, the bearded UBC
fine arts instructor who, with two
other artists, Bob Arnold and Gary
Lee-Nova, created Freeplay.
Gilbert, who is involved with Intermedia, believes young people are
so "turned on" by the electronic
media that they are not satisfied with
passively looking at art, but want participation. "So Freeplay was designed," he says, "like theatre sets in
which people could walk into and become part of the art."
Having got through the "frame
up", as the entrance was called, you
were confronted by "Florida, Florida 33030", an amusing environment in which you could relax in deck
chairs under paper palm trees and
sun lamps and enjoy the blue and
white paper sea and sky scenery.
Gilbert's other spaces consisted of the
"padded cell", the "mass media" (a
tunnel you had to crawl through under a great wedge of newspapers),
"moon walk" and "spaced out", a
collection of black and white rods.
As well as reflecting the current
taste for participatory art, Gilbert's
environmental pieces reflect his view
of what is art. He says: "Art, to me,
consists of playing the real against
the unreal. Art is a search for what
is real and of course the process of
searching for what is unreal is just
as interesting as what is real." Gilbert
has nothing but scorn for people who
put down environmental art as not
being true art. "The most sarcastic
remark I could make is that these
people are looking at art and life in
terms of a 19th century picture window framed experience. They're divorcing art from life."
Judging from comments written
in the guest book, the students displayed a mixed reaction to Freeplay.
"Freaky, sort of," one wrote. "Is
this really art?" another asked. And
some wit queried, "If free can play
why can't fore?"
But certainly there was audience
involvement, as Gilbert himself admits, somewhat ruefully now. "We
—the three of us—were to have the
free play, but as it happened, the
students became so playful, they became destructive."
Having experienced this sort of
thing before, Gilbert speculates
whether it is a reflection on the affluent society's "easy come, easy go"
attitude toward materials and property.
"I think it's part of the whole undercurrent of latent violence in our
society," Gilbert says. "There's even
a tie-in with pollution. My wife, for
example, believes the ones who
would do this are the same people
who would throw a bottle on the
beach. Yet the whole intention of
my show was to promote thoughtful
sensitivity."
Since his environmental pieces
were not designed for permanence,
but to be disposable, Gilbert feels he
can't get too incensed about the destruction. In addition, he notes that
this kind of art is a reaction against
the sense of preciousness of art and
the acquisitiveness of society. "This
is where many artists are at today,"
Gilbert says. "They're doing conceptual art, environmental pieces, earth
works, anything which is opposed to
the possibility of anybody possessing
it with greed. It has something to do
with sharing with people, something
to do with our innate need to cooperate to survive."
Still, Gilbert is concerned that this
destruction points up the need for
people to develop more sensitivity
to materials, their environment and
other people. "It seems to me, an
expanded and meaningful art program in the schools and universities
would be one way of healing this
indifference to our environment," he
says. "It's ironical that for 50 years
art was considered a frill, now suddenly it's becoming a necessity."
15 ToniOnley
If you're going to be a landscape
painter in British Columbia, it helps
to own your own plane. It also helps
to have a passion for flying. That's
what Toni Onley, noted artist and
UBC instructor in fine arts, believes.
But then he has both.
There isn't a week go by that
this peripatetic painter isn't winging
off somewhere in his Champion Sky-
Trac: in summer it's the Cariboo and
Chilcotin country; in winter it's the
Fraser Valley and the west coast of
Vancouver Island. Right now, his
favorite spot to touch down is on
lonely Vargas Island, five miles off
Vancouver Island's west coast. "The
way the wind has carved up that
landscape is just fantastic," says
Onley.
It's these flights to isolated spots
that have inspired his stark, rather
surrealistic, landscapes. Painted in
subdued greys, greens, browns and
blues, they frequently contain nothing more than a few large hill and
rock-like shapes. Some have, as
Onley admits, "a monolithic Stone-
henge quality." Generally, they are
landscapes   stripped   down   to   the
16
essentials. "They're archetypal
forms," says Onley. "If an atom
bomb landed on Vancouver all that
would be left would be my landscapes—that's all you would see."
Onley's art, however, is currently
undergoing change. "I'm becoming
more representational," he says.
"I'm doing the reverse thing of the
rest of the artists." By that he meant
that the work of Canadian artists is
becoming more abstract and more
international. But Onley is deeply
concerned that his art should continue developing out of his contact
with his west coast environment.
"I'm a strong believer in regionalism
because art is not born in limbo,"
he says. "It's got to have roots
somewhere."
His own roots go back to the Isle
of Man where he was born. "It's
quite natural for me to be a landscape painter," he says, "because I
was born into the British tradition of
landscape painting and I was trained
in the Isle of Man, which is essentially a landscape school of painting."
His early experience in this quiet,
rural setting also perhaps has something to do with his distaste for some
current trends in the art world.
One concern he has is with the
pressures that work to prevent an
artist today from going his own way.
"The mass communications media
have absolutely destroyed art as
we've known it for the last 100
years," Onley declares. "What it has
done is to force artists to work at a
faster pace than they would normally
develop. A guy has an exhibit in New
York, it's seen on Channel 9 the next
day, and the common reaction is that
people feel they've seen that exhibit.
The media have to be fed with new
ideas constantly whereas the artist
doesn't develop that rapidly. It's unfortunate that a lot of older painters
are doing some of their best work
today while the art magazines and
news media want new things all the
time, with the result that the younger
painters get the centre stage whether
they're trite or not."
Consequently, in Onley's view,
there is a growing tendency for
artists to be "with it" at the expense
of being meaningful in their work.
Onley places in this category artists
who exhibit such "works" as a pile
of garbage or a log floating in the
harbor. "A work of art has to be
completed so that it can be judged,"
says Onley. "You can't judge that
sort of thing. Art is ultimately a
controlled thing and this is art reduced to the level of pollution. We
have enough accidental pollution
without purposely creating more." Gordon Smith
Gordon Smith's studio in his
modern West Vancouver home is as
bright, clean and uncluttered as the
hard edge paintings he is currently
working on. A lean, English-born
artist and UBC professor of art
education. Smith has a solid base
from which to speak about art today.
As a youth he studied under Le-
moine Fitzgerald, last of the Group
of Seven, at the Winnipeg School of
Art He has received international
recognition with works hanging in
the Museum of Modern Art, in New
York, the Victoria and Albert in
London, the National Gallery in Ottawa, and in many major galleries
across Canada. (He recently did the
art for the roof of the Canadian
Pavilion for Expo '70.)
But perhaps more important is the
fact that his art has evolved over the
years from romantic landscapes to,
currently, hard edge experiments
with color—and it is still evolving.
"I find that each day something else
suggests itself to me," Gordon Smith
says. "I don't know what I'm going
to do next. Art is so serious to me
that it's not something I do on a
weekend; it's a way of life. I find that
whether I'm painting or walking in
Lighthouse Park, it's all the same to
me."
It is undoubtedly because he is
himself so keen on experimentation,
that Smith welcomes many of the new
art forms being tried by other artists.
He recalls too how important controversial new waves have been in the
evolution of art. Art, in his view,
constantly develops through reaction
to old, sterile forms of expression
and through reaction to its social
environment.
Pop art, for example, he says, was
as much a reaction to a materialistic,
consumer society as it was to the
abstract expressionist mode of painting. "Pop art was a reaction against
the fact that art had become so precious that you could only see it in the
gallery with hushed whispers. This
was art for everyone."
Art, Smith says, has now escaped
from the confines of the canvass and
the gallery. "Today there are many
modes of expression, from spilling
glue over a cliff to piling broken glass
on an islet. They're all valid. Art no
longer consists just of painting with
oil on canvass: anything can be art
today. An idea can be a work of art."
But because artists are using so
many novel forms today people too
easily dismiss much of their work as
not art. "People today have to work
at listening to music or reading
poetry or looking at art," Smith declares. "There ought to be effort on
the part of the observer. A continu
ous dialogue must exist between the
artist and the public. Just to visit the
art gallery once a year isn't enough;
I don't think it gives people the right
to say this or that isn't art."
At the same time, he believes that
to be an artist today requires, as it
always has, talent and effort. "Art is
not something that you can just do."
he says. "It requires talent, work,
sensitivity and selection to become
aware of the visual and felt things
and to create a work of art." □
17 BOOKS
Dean Soward Honored
Essays On Nation-Building
FRANK MARZARI
F.      H.     SOWARD     IS     A     CANADIAN
patriot. An old-fashioned term,
perhaps, one too-long neglected and
a little self-conscious in the global
village. But in a time free with excesses it is well to record that a man
can be a patriot, though not a chauvinist, cosmopolitan though not rootless and, in another vein, a scholar
and administrator and yet a superb
teacher.
Fred Soward taught at this university for 44 distinguished years
from 1922 when UBC such as it was,
was located in Fairview, to 1966 by
which time he had held the posts of
head of the history department, associate dean of graduate studies, director of Asian studies and of
international studies. The posts attest both to his administrative skills
and to the expansion of the university; a list of publications stretching
to 10 type-written pages attest to the
breadth of his scholarship; the present collection of essays, written by
former students and colleagues, is a
tribute to his teaching and to his
spirit.
Harvey L. Dyck, BA'57, MA'58,
and H. Peter Krosby, BA'55, MA
'58, Eds., Empire and Nations.
Essays in Honour of Frederic H.
Soward, (The University of Toronto
Press in association with the University of British Columbia, 1969)
$10.00
Empire and Nations contains 13
essays, a full introduction by So-
ward's successor as head of the
18
history department, Dr. Margaret
Ormsby, a list of Soward's writings
and a foreword by Lester Pearson
with whom Soward served for three
years during the Second World War.
The essays range as far and as wide
as the title suggests but a unifying
theme, though sometimes difficult to
discover, is nonetheless there—all
the authors in one form or another
deal with nation-building whether as
an intellectual, political or cultural
process.
Reviewing essays is a dicey business. Not all can be discussed and in
the book at hand those that should be
read far exceeds those treated here.
One, "Politics, Culture and the Writing of Constitutions", by John Conway, master of Founders College at
York University, is essential reading.
Conway's theme is that the intellectual growth of Canada and its political maturity are hampered by
allegiance to a set of political precepts and their attendant symbols
which, brought into being to serve
a different polity 100 years ago,
today are irrelevant and thus harmful. The BNA Act assumed dependency and timidity; in its essence it
was a document which acknowledged
and fostered a colonial mentality. Indeed it could hardly have been otherwise.
But circumstances have changed;
we have declared our independence
from Great Britain but have not become independent in the process, at
least not in the sense of being culturally autonomous. Dependence
and timidity have shown remarkable
resiliency. The outward trappings of
independence notwithstanding, our
dogged allegiance to worn-out symbols and myths have crippled the
growth of a Canadian identity and
induced psychic confusion. Years
ago this state of affairs might have
been intellectually bothersome but
but politically tolerable. Today the
stakes are higher. The consequence
of our derivative symbolism is that,
as Conway writes, "For the great
majority of English Canadians, unable or unwilling to respond to the
symbols of a borrowed English culture, there remains only a view of
life refracted through the alien
symbols of American culture ... Is
English-speaking Canada at the present time not in danger of becoming
an economy, not a nation, and responding primarily to economic pressures that will propel the country
towards some sort of union with the
United States of America? In economic terms, the 49th parallel of
latitude is an impediment to orderly
economic progress. Only to the extent that it demarcates and safeguards a distinctive set of social
values and political ideas can it be
justified."
Those for whom these are fighting
words should concentrate on the last
sentence for the tragedy of Canada
(and the distinguishing feature of the
West's nascent separatism)  consists
A member of UBC's history department, Prof. Marzari is a specialist in
international relations. ALUMNI FUND 69 M. Murray McKenzie
Chairman, Alumni Fund '69
Alumni Fund 69 in Brief
Dollars Donors
UBC Alumni Fund Direct                                           $127,119 5051
Friends of UBC Inc. (USA)                                              16,966 540
Total Direct                                                                      1447)85 ~559T
Three Universities Capital Fund                                     76,896 763
*Other Alumni Gifts                                                      67,910 3764
♦Includes 1969 Graduating Class Gift of $12,000
$288,891 10118
Fund Executive
M. Murray McKenzie, '58, Chairman
Gerald A. McGavin, '60, Past Chairman
Charlotte Warren, '58, Class Program
Frank Dembicki, '67, Telethon Program
William L. Inglis, '60, Publicity
Paul B. Coombs, Parents' Program
Sholto Hebenton, '57
William E. Redpath, '47
Stanley Evans, '41
Jack K. Stathers, '58
Ian C. Malcolm
Alfred T. Adams
Friends of UBC
Inc. (USA)
Stanley T. Arkley, '25 President
William A. Rosene, '49 Vice-President
Robert J. Boroughs, '39 Treasurer
Directors
Frederick L. Brewis, '49
Frank M. Johnston, '53
Cliff Mathers, '23
Dr. Richard A. Montgomery, '40
Allocations
Committee
George S. Cumming, '51, Chairman
M. Murray McKenzie, '58
James L. Denholme, '56
M. Keith Douglass, '42
Ian C. Malcolm
Jack K. Stathers, '58
More than 60 Alumni volunteers participated in the annual Phonathon
campaign in November, soliciting Alumni Fund donations from 1,200
graduates. They raised $12,000 in the two-evening telephone blitz.
Considering new approaches to the Alumni Fund campaign are (left)
1970 campaign chairman George Morfitt, BCom'58, and (right)
fan "Scotty" Malcolm, director of the fund. Alumni Donate Record $289,000
THIS SPRING THE UBC ALUMNI
fund is savoring the sweet smell
of success. Alumni association staff
and volunteers have just concluded
one of the most successful years of
fund-raising. Alumni and other
friends of the University donated a
record $289,000 to the 1969 Alumni
Fund, $39,000 over the goal.
"I knew our campaign was going
smoothly, but I was pleasantly surprised to see that we did so well,"
said Murray McKenzie, 1969
Alumni Fund chairman. "Graduates
and other friends of the university
are to be commended for their generosity. I know that the university
community, which benefits from the
fund, greatly appreciates the
support."
Ian (Scotty) Malcolm, director of
the alumni fund, noted in his annual
report that the total $289,000 raised
was made up of donations from three
main sources. Direct gifts from
alumni to the alumni fund amounted to $144,000, payment of pledges
to the Three Universities Capital
Fund totalled $77,000 and other
gifts to UBC by alumni totalled $68-
000. Malcolm also revealed that
10,100 alumni and other friends of
the University donated, with gifts
averaging $29.90.
"Direct donations to the fund are
growing at a very healthy rate," said
Malcolm. "I hope they continue to
grow, because the need is so great.
In this period of tight money, the
alumni fund can, through its allocations, do much to further the cause
of academic excellence at UBC."
Dr. W. C. Gibson, Professor of the
History of Medicine and Science,
examines academic robes worn by
first UBC President Dr. F. F.
Wesbrook, the man depicted in the
portrait. A grant of $1,500 was
made to help Dr. Gibson in the
publication of his biography of
Dr. Wesbrook. Scholarships Get Lion's Share
The lion's share of this aid went
to provide 64 N.A.M. MacKenzie
Alumni Scholarships of $350 each
to qualified freshmen from all over
B.C. But the program did not end
there. Another key area of support
was the $500 N.A.M. MacKenzie
American Alumni Scholarships, 10
of which are awarded annually. This
program is supported by UBC graduates residing in the U.S.A. At the
same time a total of $17,000 was
allocated to support the new UBC
Alumni Bursary Plan and the John
B. Macdonald bursaries, which are
intended to assist qualified and needy
students.
Another consistent recipient of
considerable support was the library.
The library received in excess of
$8,000 in books and cash.
First-year scienceman Brian Weeks
of Parksville writes up results of
a physics lab. He is another winner
of the $350 N.A.M. MacKenzie
Alumni Scholarship, part of the
Association's $55,000 annual
scholarship and bursary program.
Intently studying is first-year
Arts student Terry Roane of
Scotch Creek, B.C. She is one of
64 winners of $350 N. A. M.
MacKenzie Alumni Scholarships. Athletics Granted $10,000
The fund also made a sizeable
contribution to university athletics.
Through various contributions,
men's and women's athletics together
were granted $10,000. One significant individual allocation was
$2,000 to assist in the purchase of
lockers for the Thunderbird hockey
team. In addition, the fund helped
two   specialized   fund-raising   cam
paigns, the Thunderbird rugby team
in financing a series of matches in
the East and the field hockey team in
financing a trip to Mexico. Contributions to the fund also helped the John
Owens Memorial Fund in drawing
close to its $10,000 goal, the target
needed to provide income for
scholarships for qualified athletes.
High bouncing lady works out on
trampoline acquired through
$1,500 Alumni Fund grant. New Plan Helps University Projects
Lawyer Mike Harcourt (centre),
BA '65, LLB '68, students, Keith
MitcheU (left), BA '67, Tony Allen
(right). BCOM '67 counsel a
client at Vancouver Inner City
Project's legal aid service. The
fund gave $2,000 to help students
work with the project.
The UBC Creative Writing
Department was allocated $1,225
to buy a sophisticated tape recorder
for teaching broadcasting skills.
CBC producer Bill Terry (left)
outlines for students techniques in
preparing radio documentaries.
The one alumni fund effort which
has attracted the most favorable
comment has been its contingency
fund, a scheme designed to give
prompt financial assistance to worthy
student and faculty projects. In 1969,
a total of $10,000 was set aside for
the contingency fund, of which
$5,000 has so far been used. The
scheme grants assistance to a variety
of projects, ranging in amount from
$50 to $1,500. The scheme has
helped such projects, among others,
as an education-students-organized
seminar on sex education, a health
sciences conference, a social work
student field study project, and purchase of a tape recorder for the
Crane Library for blind students.
Largest single grant was $1,500 to
the experimental Arts I program.
One very interesting highlight to
the campaign was the fact that the
President's Fund was over-subscribed, netting a total of $12,000.
It has been suggested that this is due
to the support President Walter Gage
has among alumni. The President's
Fund was established to enable the
president to support, at his discretion, a wide variety of special university projects.
Among other highlights, the alumni fund contributed: $2,000 toward
assisting 16 forestry students tour
European forest industry establishments; $2,000 to the Vancouver
Inner City Project; $1,500 to assist
publication of a biography of first
UBC President Dr. F. F. Wesbrook;
and $1,500 to help the geography
department buy a truck for student-
faculty field trips.
That was the alumni fund record
for 1969. Now the fund has swung
into its campaign for 1970.
"We have set as our 1970 goal,"
said Ian Malcolm, "targets of $150,-
000 in alumni direct giving, $30,000
for the clearing up of remaining
Three Universities Fund campaign
pledges and $60,000 in other alumni
gifts to the University. We think it's
a realistic goal and, as the needs are
so great, we sincerely hope alumni
will continue to give strong support
to the Alumni Fund in 1970."
Students in the experimental Arts
1 program watch a movie related
to one of their seminars. Projection
equipment was bought with
assistance of $1,500 all-purpose
Alumni grant. GEOLOGY BUILDING CAMPAIGN 70
Time For
Campus Slum
Clearance
IN    ONE    WAY    OR    ANOTHER,    most
people in British Columbia today are
benefitting from the province's current economic boom. Relatively few,
however, likely realize that without
the mining industry the boom
wouldn't have such a rosy glow as it
does. Even fewer people are probably aware that without the University of B.C. there wouldn't be such
vigorous, prosperous mining activity
in B.C.
That is a story members of UBC's
department of geology are particularly fond of telling — the department's contribution to the mining
industry and to economic growth, not
just in B.C., but in Canada as a
whole. It is a story of considerable
achievement. One of the first achievements department members will
point to is the fact that to date UBC
geology graduates have contributed,
directly or indirectly, to the discovery
of $39 billion worth of mineral resources in Canada. And $13 billion
worth of those minerals have been
discovered in B.C.
They will also point out that
UBC's geology department has become the largest geology department
in the free world and one of the most
highly regarded. Since 1916 the department has produced 680 graduates, about 20 per cent of all geologists in Canada and one out of every
60 trained in North America. More
than 1,100 undergraduate students,
including 400 first-year engineers,
take one or more geology courses in
the current year. This is the largest
geology department outside the Iron
Curtain. The department also has 52
graduate students, half of whom are
PhD candidates.
However, geology department
members are much less eager to talk
about the mounting handicaps they
have faced in recent years in trying
to carry on good teaching and research It's such a bad story they
would just as soon not repeat it. The
major handicap has been cramped
and dilapidated physical facilities,
consisting of one frame building and
six tarpapered shacks. A report on
the need for new geology department
facilities had this to say: "Present accommodation has not been improved
for many decades and is deplorable.
Walls and floors are actively and
visibly sagging; research laboratories
are inadequate due to vibration, continual movement and deflection of
floor by student traffic; teaching
space is inadequate due to inadequate ventilation for large classes,
and the upper floors are structurally
incapable of supporting rock collections required for teaching. The huts
are dirty, sagging slums of the University . . .". Fire is a constant threat
to the main building and huts.
To top this off, the geology department now has only two-thirds the
space it actually needs. That is today,
but what of the future? On this score,
the report on geology department
building needs, written in 1968, said:
"In terms of projections for space,
overcrowding is serious now and by
1973 further enrolment will have
produced   a  complete  breakdown."
These are the reasons why a committee, composed of representatives
of the UBC geology department, the
mining industry, UBC geology students and UBC alumni, recently
launched a fund-raising campaign
for a new $4 million Geological
Sciences Centre. UBC has committed
$930,000—all it can spare—to the
project. And the committee, under
the chairmanship of Dr. Aaro Aho,
president of Dynasty Explorations
and a member of UBC senate, is
seeking to raise the remaining $3.1
million in an appeal to mining and oil
companies and firms related to the
mineral industry. The new Geological Sciences Centre is to be located
on main mall, west of the old B.C.
Research Council building, and it is
hoped that first phase construction
will start this spring.
Instructor Carlo Giovanella
demonstrates with a plexiglass
model structural problems in
'strike and dip'.
It's scientific geology in action
as Prof. W. E. Fletcher (standing)
and technician A. Dhillon (seated)
run a geological sample through
the atomic absorption analyzer. Wi
Special Insert / UBC Alumni CHRONICLE / Spring 70 precisely of an implicit denial of the "
distinctiveness of our social and
political life. The dominant concept
in Canada is diversity. It can be our
strongest asset if only we stop thinking of it as a weakness and stop
hankering after the alien homogeneity of the south. "In Canada a
notion of democracy has evolved
that is relativistic and nonmessianic
. . . Canada's failure has been the
reluctance and inability of her
thinkers to recognize and formulate
the principles of that achievement. . .
Unconsciously we are questing after
a Rousseauistic general will, together
or in fragments, when history offers
us a chance of building a saner political order."
How? Harsh as it may sound, by
jettisoning borrowed symbols, Americans as well as English, for they
effectively pre-empt of political maturity and prevent us rejoicing in our
own pluralism and diversity. Patriotism is a positive force. It stands for
the promotion and protection of distinctive and desirable social values.
Inevitably it has to deal with the
source of the threat to them but it
would be another tragedy if in that
process it lost sight of those values
and became merely (the danger is
inherent in our current concern with
the Canadianization of our universities) a negative and sterile anti-
Americanism.
Just how difficult it may be to
emancipate ourselves from both our
colonial past and our incipient colonial future—in other words, how
difficult it is to be a patriot though
not a chauvinist—is described by the
grand middleman of Canadian mid-
dlepowership, John Holmes, the
director of the Canadian Institute of
International Affairs. Holmes' view
of Canadian-American relations is
characteristically charitable. "There
are few forces", he thinks, "more
ruthless than Americans doing good"
and yet "their record under unparalleled temptation is better than others
under less temptation." But the crux
of the argument is not what they
could do to us but what we do to
ourselves in anticipation. In some the
reaction takes the form of fawning;
others are overwhelmed by the ineluctability of it all.
Holmes describes two other reactions—regulation   anti-American
ism and its opposite, anti-anti-Americanism. Of the two, the former is
puerile, the latter dangerous. Holmes
describes it as the "ready-yep-ready"
attitude, the attitude that we should
stick with the champ, our champ too
in the big battle against the alien
"isms" and our entry to the big time
of the big buck. Anti-Americanism
has at least the saving grace, perhaps
its only grace, of spinning off a measure of reflection on the state of our
union. Anti-anti-Americanism is distasteful precisely because, while
posturing as made-in-Canada, it disparages mere Canadian views. It is,
quintessentially, the BNA "colonial
mentality transferred to another
Mum".
How then to tread the road to
nationhood? One way (Conway's) is
to abandon anomalous symbols and
the claptrap of another era for they
too easily smother the reality of today. Another (Holmes') is to abandon posturing for it too confuses
reality. There are other ways. There
are also limits to political and cultural sovereignty. But they have not
been reached yet. Patriots reach out
for them.
Canada''Life
°Has Gone'Down ^n history"
And why not? We were established in 1847.
During any era, history is always in the making. Canada Life is pleased to
have been able to establish a one-hundred-and-twenty-three-year history of
helping its international family of policyholders meet their individual life insurance needs.
Canada Life also has had a history of caring about its clientele.
Canada Life
 Qmsaurance (yompaity
19 more BOOKS
Hot Cross Puns
A La Koshevoy
Himie Koshevoy
ALLAN  FOTHERINGHAM
Tn Front Page, Ben Hecht's and
-*- Charles MacArthur's raucous
period piece on Chicago journalism,
there is one fastidious, germ-fearing
reporter who lives horrified at the
evil ways of his press room colleagues. A modern reworking of the
Hecht-MacArthur play would depict
a newsroom full of earnest young
global-thinkers, advocates all of the
latest gospel as laid down by Mc-
Luhan, Marcuse, Dylan and Lennon
—plus one little man standing back
horrified at it all. That would be
Himie Koshevoy (Arts'32).
What horrifies Himie is the lack of
chuckle in the globe. (A shortage of
mirth in the girth, as he would probably put it.) He has spent a considerable career in executive newspaper
positions chuckling at his colleagues,
at journalism and at himself. Actually it would be a mistake to say that
he would be standing back horrified
A Treasure Jest of Puns by Himie
Koshevoy. Graydonald Graphics,
West Vancouver. $4.75 Alumni living outside Greater Vancouver, Victoria and Nanaimo may obtain copies
by writing the publisher at 1070
Groveland Road, West Vancouver.
at the boy philosophers now manning the city rooms. He'd be sitting.
Since it's his firm belief that we are
deposited here only to smell the
flowers on our way through, he
believes in having a comfortable
view-seat.
Himie is a pixie-on-rye. A considerable cash reward is available for
anyone who can find an enemy of his.
At parties, he looks as if he's standing
in a trench. More than once his face
has been mistaken for the gargoyles
extending from the railway-Gothic
excesses of the Hotel Vancouver.
("Whose side am I on?" said Himie
to another reporter at the outbreak
of the six-day Israeli-Arab war. "It's
as clear as the nose on my face.")
Actually—although this will destroy his reputation among the student
rebels—Koshevoy holds the proud
record of being the first editor of
The Ubyssey ever tossed out of office
by whatever dreadfuls passed themselves off as the establishmentarians
of those vintage years 1931-32. Perhaps it was that temporary setback
that moved him to his life of petty
crime, peppering us ever since with
volleys of hot cross puns. The culmination of his life-style is this little
volume, A Treasure Jest of Puns,
which Himie himself describes as a
"coffee table book for a midget."
It was Oliver Wendell Holmes of
course—himself a shameless practitioner of the art—who laid down that
a pun is the lowest form of wit. I am
somewhat inclined to agree, although
Koshevoy, going to the bullpen, can
rally Boswell, Shakespeare, and
Charles Lamb to his side.
Actually, on reflection, I suppose
my small squeamishness can be
blamed on the more contrived versions of the art. One of Himie's
stories concerns poor old Chief
Shortcake, who had the bad luck to
have his buckskin step in a gopher
hole one day. The chief expired from
a broken neck and his remains were
transported back to his weeping
widow, who was asked if she would
like others to inter the chief. "No,"
she sobbed through her tears, "squaw
bury Shortcake."
Now, as we know, if you can resist
this sort of thing, you won't be chasing down this collection. Puns, like
sesame seeds and Robert Stanfield,
are not for everyone's palate. Once
hooked, though, there is no turning
back. You have the pun-key on your
back. Dr. Geoffrey Riddehough
(does he still wear an academic gown
to his Latin classes?) has been turning on for decades now, in fact is a
20 main-liner and pusher who often
slips some of the dope to Koshevoy
for wider distribution.
I prefer the Koshevoy skills when
he forgets the anecdotes and gets on
to such double distilled themes as
"I Wanna Gal Just Like the Gal that
Marat'd Dear Old Sade." Or, "I
Dream of Genet with the Labou-
chere." Or, "U Thant Take That
Away From Me." Or, "Don't Ezra
Pound Much Henry Moore."
Even these, though, pale into insignificance beside the true Koshevoy. This is entirely verbal, usually
unleashed at tense dead-line mo=
ments when all around him are grim-
lipped with pressure. The news over
the wire one day that Mrs. Clare
Booth Luce's strange illness was due
to peeling lead paint in the bedroom
of her ambassadorial mansion in
Rome? "Clearly a case," Koshevoy
announced, "of Arsenic and Old
Luce."
There was the poor woman in the
social page department, resigned for
life to carry with her a Koshevoy-
eurism. She did have a most peculiar
gait and one day Himie, watching her
make her way across the city room,
decided that she walked as if she had
"an impediment in her breech."
My all-time favorite, though, is the
Father Divine story. All stories improve in the retellings over the years,
perhaps newspaper stories best of all,
and this is the way this one has been
handed down through the typewriters.
The famous Father Divine, regarded by the 500,000 members of
his cult as God, Dean of the Universe
and Harnesser of Atomic Energy,
took into his troupe in the late Forties
one Edna Rose Ritchings, pretty
teen-age daughter of a Vancouver
florist. One quiet 1946 night in a
Vancouver newsroom, a junior reporter ripped off a teletype message
from Philadelphia to discover that
the 70-ish Negro spiritual leader had
married the blue-eyed blonde. Excited at the Vancouver angle, the
junior, despite the early a.m. hour,
phoned editor Koshevoy. Wakened
from a blissful slumber to be informed that Father Divine had
married Edna Rose Ritchings, Himie
sleepily replied, "Okay, here's the
headline. Local Girl Makes God."\j
Allan Fotheringham, BA'54, another former Ubyssey editor, is a
columnist with the Vancouver Sun.
A resort to match
a matchless setting
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British Columbia and The Harrison have been good
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For our color brochure, write: Max A. Nargil, Managing Director
The Harrison, Harrison Hot Springs, British Columbia, Canada
Represented in the West by Fawcett/Tetley Co.,
in the East by Robert F. Warner Inc.
For reservations see your travel agent, or call 521-8888,
Toll-free from Vancouver.
21 HOCKEY BIRDS
there's the swish of skates on ice,
the whack of a sudden slapshot, the
resounding thud of hefty players
piling up on the boards . . . it's
hockey night at UBC. And this season a few thousand students, alumni
and faculty were on hand for the
action in the Winter Sports Centre.
The action they saw was good,
fast, hard-hitting hockey, not a few
of the players being close to pro
calibre. The students that make up
the Thunderbird team have come
to UBC from junior teams all over
B.C. and elsewhere in Canada. But
they're at university for more than
hockey. Coach Dr. Bob Hindmarsh,
BPE'52, PhD (Oregon) '62, says:
"They're here because they've put
education first."
Thunderbirds have always been
strong contenders in western intercollegiate hockey, generally finishing third or fourth out of eight
teams. The exception being 1963
when the 'Birds won the division
under coach Father David Bauer.
This year UBC finished fourth with
eight wins, six losses.
"I thought we had a pretty good
season," said Hindmarsh. "It was
unfortunate that we had to meet
Calgary, the toughest team in the
league, in the playoffs."
The 'Birds, however, did win the
Hamber Cup for the first time since
1964 and the second time since
1952. Donated by former UBC
chancellor Eric Hamber, the trophy
is for the winner of an annual hockey competition between UBC and
the University of Alberta at Edmonton. □
22  Now 50 years old, UBC's Nursing School
finds the old public image lingers
despite nursing's new professionalism
Victims of the
Florence Nightingale Myth
Joyce Bradbury
T^ifty years sees many changes
-■- in a university faculty. Nursing,
which has just finished celebrating
its 50th anniversary year, is no exception. In 1919 there were a handful of potential nursing graduates enrolled at UBC in a unique experiment
—the first year of the first university
school of nursing in the Commonwealth. This year UBC's school of
nursing will award 54 Bachelor of
Science in Nursing and 6 Master of
Science in Nursing degrees.
Physical size is, however, only one
of the changes that the school of
nursing has undergone in the last half
century. One look at an old calendar,
for example, shows how great the
changes in curriculum have been. In
1923 the fledgling nurse was required
to take a course that read like this:
"Motor Mechanics—Practical instruction in the structure and operation of automobiles including practise driving. One hour per week.
First term."
Learning to repair and operate her
own car, however, if still required,
would be the least of the problems
facing today's nursing student. She
must now master the skills required
Nurse (right) interviews a patient
(simulated, left) in UBC's new
psychiatric unit. In September
student nurses begin training in the
unit under UBC's team approach
to health services.
24 to monitor and read complicated
medical equipment that symbolizes
medical progress over the past half
century.
The current director of the school.
Miss Elizabeth McCann, sees other
changes that have occurred. "Fifty
years ago," she said, "we perhaps
tended more toward the hospital pattern of teaching the 'how', the technical side which produced a quicker
response to orders but also produced
unthinking errors. The university-
educated nurse today is expected to
take great initiative and be accountable professionally for her actions."
She is probably more skilled professionally and more intellectually
oriented than her counterpart of 50
years ago. In addition, there is a
greater awareness today of the value
of having university-educated nurses.
The Royal Commission on Health
Services report published in 1964-
65 recommended that 25 per cent of
nurses should be university educated.
The present rate in B.C. is five per
cent.
This intellectual approach to the
profession confronts today's graduate nurse with a problem that did not
exist 50 years ago. She finds as never
before that she is a victim of the
Florence Nightingale myth. That is,
the public tends to regard her still
as a well-intentioned but generally
unskilled comforter of the sick. After
taking five years of pure science and
mathematics as well as professional
and practical courses, it is understandable that she be concerned with
professional recognition, not only by
the public but within the university
community.
Adding to her problems is the fact
that until UBC offered the course in
1968, a Master of Science degree in
nursing was not available to her in
B.C. UBC is still the only university
in B.C. offering the course. A PhD
in nursing is not yet given by any
Canadian university.
Money for nursing research is not
generally available. Of the two research projects being carried out
presently in the faculty of nursing at
UBC one is financed by the Registered Nurses Association of B.C.
and the other by the Canada Council.
Neither project involves pure science.
Last year for the first time a fellowship was established to bring a visiting professor to the faculty for a year.
It is still not known whether the
fellowship will be available on a continuing basis.
The second half century of nursing
education offered at UBC will probably reveal an even greater concern
with intellectual achievements by
university nursing schools.
Miss McCann said, "Today the
university-educated nurse is recognizing greater responsibilities as a
professional. She is being offered an
increasing number of opportunities
Nurses and a psychologist
discuss how patients are responding
to treatment in the psychiatric unit.
—supervisory, administrative and research positions in the health field.
She no longer views herself as a technician with a limited potential. However, we are concerned that there is
still no nursing science. There's
something there and we're searching
for it but it's slow in evolving. What
the nurse views now as her specialized knowledge is really taken from
the natural sciences."
The UBC school of nursing
might not have to travel too far into
its second half century to see major
changes made within the nursing profession, perhaps because of a unique
experiment that has developed as a
byproduct of the health sciences
centre. This is an interdisciplinary
approach to common problems. Although the trend is common now in
universities, the interdisciplinary approach is particularly valuable in
the health field where there arc many
problems that cut across professional lines.
Says Miss McCann, "The whole
concept of the health science centre
has been that of a team approaching
the problem of health services. Each
profession has an important contribution and each is handicapped when
a fellow professional fails. This trend
at UBC for the interprofessional
medical team is probably one of the
most exciting things that has come
along in the health field for a long
time. This team approach will even-
25 A doctor (left) and a nurse (right)
discuss a problem patient, an
example of the growing professional
status of nursing. Below, nurses,
doctors and psychologists work
together in the ward nursing station.
Nurses and patients wear ordinary
clothes in the psychiatric unit's
informal atmosphere.
tually involve an interprofessional
curriculum in the health sciences at
UBC and a recognition that there is
a great body of common knowledge
which cuts across professional fields.
"This reflects what the nursing
profession has discovered gradually.
Fifty years ago we tended to focus
exclusively on the patient; the family
and community were incidental. Now
we find that we are gradually taking
on the responsibility of nursing the
family as well as the patient, particularly in the case of a critically ill
patient or a child. We're taking more
of these things into consideration
now and we must find effective and
intelligent ways of cooperating with
members of other professions in the
community and the hospital."
Since 1919. 853 nurses have been
granted Bachelor of Science in Nursing degrees from UBC and an additional 1,460 hold diplomas or specialized course certificates in public
health nursing or nursing teaching
courses. The majority of UBC degree
nurses have entered the public health
field because public health nursing
requires a greater degree of initiative
than is commonly required in the
more hierarchical structure of the
hospital. According to a recent survey, graduates hold head nurse positions in many hospitals and are
gradually filling the newly evolving
jobs opening in mental health and
community clinics. UBC expects that
its M.A. candidates will go into ad-
minstrative positions or university
teaching posts. Some may move into
the nursing research field or become
PhD candidates. q Who has the answers
to your questions about
taxes,
estate planning,
financial statements,
budgetary control,
the application of computers,
new systems and procedures?
A Chartered Accountant. Here's why:
Today's concepts of marketing and distribution require highly sophisticated
techniques in the preparation and analysis of financial data, procedures and
policies. New electronic devices have
revolutionized accounting techniques
and have enabled the Chartered Accountant to spend more time on the
analytical and interpretive aspects of
his profession. Whether serving in an
advisory capacity, or as a company
executive, a Chartered Accountant is a
key man in the modern corporate function. The breadth of his training and
experience, in a wide variety of businesses, qualifies him to make an intelligent appraisal of a company's overall
operations, to recommend changes in
accounting procedures, to set up an
entirely new system of accounts, and to
advise on any financial problem.
The Institute of Chartered Accountants of British Columbia
27 Alumni News
Young Alumni
Set For Summer
the ever-popular Young Alumni
Club swings into its summer program in May. The club switches then
from its regular Friday afternoon-
evening sessions to a series of informal "drop-in" sessions held every
Thursday from 7-11 p.m. at Cecil
Green Park. Young Alumni members are invited to saunter out and
drop in Thursday evenings for suds
and socializing.
The winter program has been a
considerable success. More than
1,000 recent graduates and senior
students now belong to the club. Particularly successful were the "theme"
parties held during the year—everything from "Taiwan On" to "English
Pub Night". The club looks forward
to an equally successful summer
program.
Meetings Combine
Business-Pleasure
far-flung alumni will receive the
latest information on new developments on campus through a series
of alumni branch meetings in March.
Meetings will be held that month in
Calgary, Edmonton, Ottawa, Toronto, Montreal and in April in Seattle.
"There's been some significant
changes made on campus in the last
while and we're aiming to get the
message out to our graduates who
don't live in the Vancouver area,"
said Byron Hender, Director of
Branches. "Branch meetings give
people a chance both to enjoy a social
evening and to catch up on the latest
news about their university."
On March 19 there will be a
branch meeting in Calgary. A native
of Calgary, UBC Graduate Student
Association president Art Smolensky
will speak to the meeting on new
developments in graduate studies and
on the new role graduate students
have assumed on campus. The following evening, March 20, UBC
Dean of Forestry Joe Gardner will
speak to a meeting in Edmonton at
the university of Alberta Faculty
Club.
A round of meetings will be held
in Eastern Canada a few days later.
Alumni branches will meet on March
23 in Toronto, March 24 in Montreal
and March 25 in Ottawa. UBC professor of the history of medicine and
science Dr. W. C. Gibson will speak
to the meetings in Ottawa and Montreal. UBC Alumni Association Executive Director Jack Stathers will
address the group in Toronto.
An informal dinner will be held
in Seattle in April (the exact date is
not yet decided) at which plans will
be made for a major meeting to be
held later in that city. Later in the
spring a series of branch meetings
will be held in southern California.
XlOW
help!
Your contribution will send urgently needed food
and medicines now . . . and will help provide medical
centres and schools for vital rehabilitation in Nigeria.
Send your donation to UNICEF,
737 Church Street, Toronto, or to
your nearest Chartered Bank.
HELP UNICEF HELP NIGERIA'S CHILDREN
Canadian UNICEF Committee
rrm rr
Export A
REGULAR AND  KINGS
28 Ball Benefits
Scholarship Fund
THE CANADIAN CENTENNIAL SCHOLARSHIP fund is to benefit from the
second annual Canadian Universities Ball to be held April 16 in the
Plaza Hotel in New York. The
charity ball, which was a success in
its first year, appears on its way to
becoming a major social event for
Canadian alumni and university
people. Canadian university presidents, alumni directors and university alumni from all over the continent are expected to attend the $25-
a-platc, formal event. UBC alumni
wanting more information should
contact: Miss Rosemary Brough,
no. 3D, 340 East 58th Street, New
York 10022 or telephone (212)
620-7000.
Alumni Splash
$12,000 In Pool
The UBC Alumni Association has
agreed to contribute $12,000 toward
the covering of Empire Pool. The
Alumni Board of Management approved the grant, subject to certain
conditions, at a recent meeting following the presentation of a proposal by the University Recreation
Committee. Money for the contribution will be provided out of donations to the 1969 Alumni Fund.
The Alumni grant is designed to
match a $6,000 contribution pledged
by the Alma Mater Society and a
$6,000 gift requested from the graduating class. The recreation committee hopes to receive contributions
also from the UBC Board of Governors, private donors, and revenue
from pool operation.
The Alumni Board of Management pledged the $12,000 subject
to the UBC Board of Governors
approving the project and submitting it to tender by April 30, 1970.
At such time, if the project has not
started, the pledge becomes null and
void. The Alumni Association has
made its pledge conditional also on
the pool being used primarily for
recreational purposes. □
Write or Phone
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29 Spotlight
Making research check on a pygmy goat is Dr. James E. Oldfield, BSA'41, MSA'49, head of Oregon State's animal science department and 1969 winner of OSU's $1,000 Distinguished Professor Award.
THi-. grim' dkbate continues on what a
university professor should be—teacher,
researcher, administrator or public relations man. At Oregon State University
they have an annual alumni award that
recognizes all these facets of the modern
academic life. It's known as the Distinguished Professor Award and its latest
recipient is Dr. .Tames E. Oldfield, BSA
'41. MSA'49, PhD(OSU). He has been a
faculty member since 1951 and head of
the animal science department since
1967. Dr. Oldfield is acknowledged as an
outstanding teacher "who stimulates
confidence in his students". His research
projects on the nutrition of ruminants
have been reported in over 125 journals
and one project on white muscle disease
in ruminants received the OSU Basic
Research in Agriculture Award in 1961.
He has served on the executive and committees of several national organizations
and is a past president of the American
Society of Animal Science. Faculty committee work is a part of every professor's
life and Dr. Oldfield is no exception. He
has been chairman of the curriculum
council, vice-chairman of the faculty
senate and member of the presidential
search committee. With all these activities he still finds time for community
work as a member of the local school
board and chairman of the commission
on human rights and responsibilities. The
city of Corvallis named him Senior First
Citizen   in   1968—a  fitting  description.
30
1920-30
Retirement couldn't hold Selwyn Miller, BA'23, MA'36, PhD(Toronto), for
very long. He was recently appointed executive director of the Educational Research
Institute of B.C. Before retiring in 1968
from the Vancouver School Board he was
director of research and special services.
. . . The rising level of noise pollution in
our cities is beginning to get attention
from scientists. One of these is Dr. David
B. Charlton, BA'25. He is currently directing a project aimed at finding means
of reducing "careless and irresponsible"
noise in Portland, Oregon. He feels that
noise "does not have to be the price of
progress" and that much could be done
by research and community planning to
reduce the health threat of a rising noise
level. . . . The next few months promise to
be busy ones for Dr. Robert H. Wright,
BA'28, MSc'30. He will be speaking and
participating in conferences in Florida,
Wisconsin and Geneva. The Swiss meeting is an international symposium on the
scientific problems of taste and colour.
Dr. Wright will give one of the main
lectures on the theory of smell and taste.
His work at the B.C. Research Council
on the basic understanding of odour generation and detection has been recognized internationally for several years.
Chairman of UBC's classics department, staunch conservative, and outstanding cricket player, Dr. Malcolm
McGregor, BA'30, MA'31, PhD(Cincin-
natti) has been elected president of the
two major classical organizations in
North America. He was elected president
of the Classical Association of Canada
last June and the American Philological
Association in late December. . . . Judge
Alfred Watts, BCom'32, has been appointed to the B.C. provincial parole
board. . . . Following his retirement from
the B.C. Hydro Ralph H. Gram, BSA '37.
has started a private consulting practice.
During his 30 years with the company
his posts ranged from agricultural representative in 1937 to manager of the
industrial development department on
his retirement. . . . Gordon B. Morris,
BASc'37, has been appointed executive
vice-president of the heavy construction
division of the McNamara Corp. in Toronto. Before joining the company in 1965
he managed several major construction
projects in Canada and South America—
a noteable one being the B.C. Hydro
Peace River project. . . . Another new
member for UBC's distinguished roster
of judges is Graham Darling, BA'39.
LLB'49, who has been appointed to the
B.C. county court. He is currently chairman of the legal education and training
section of the Canadian Bar Association
and has served as a municipal councillor
in  West  Vancouver. Malcolm McGregor
1940s
Kenneth O. Macgowan, BCom'46, is
the new president of William M. Mercer
Ltd., actuarial consultants. He has been
with the company since graduation and
has held positions in their Montreal and
Toronto offices. . . . Massey Medal winner,
Ian J. Davidson, BA'47, has been elected
a Fellow of the Royal Architectural Institute of Canada. . . . After 14 years as a
UNICEF programme officer in Pakistan,
Wah Wong, BA'48, MA(Wisconsin), PhD
(New York), has returned to a new as-
Eugene B. Patterson
signment at UN headquarters in New
York. For the next two years he will
head the Middle East, North Africa and
European desk. Mrs. Wong, BA'47 (Vivian M. Wong), who taught English in
Pakistan, plans to take post-graduate
work while the family is living in New
York.
1950s
J. E. (Ted) Browne, BSF'50, has been
named chief forester, Canadian operations, for the Evans Products Company.
Previously he headed his own consulting
Kenneth O. Macgowan
service in Victoria. . . . Richard Fraser-
Gosse, LLB'50. LLD(Oxford), a staff
member since 1967 of the Ontario Law
Reform Commission, is returning to B.C.
to be the first fulltime member of the
province's new law reform commission.
Befo:e attending Oxford he practised law
in B.C. for nine years and on returning
to Canada joined the law faculty at
Queen's University. ... J. W. Gordon Hall,
BSF'50, has been appointed director of
timberlands and forestry with Columbia
Cellulose. . . . Eugene B. Patterson, BSA
'50, MS. PhD(Washington State) has been
named scientific director of agriculture
for Pfizer International in New York. He
joined the company in 1957 as a development nutritionist and was later manager
n
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31 Carol J. Diers
of development research at the Terre
Haute research station. . . . Donald Treilhard, BASc'50, is now in Copperhill,
Tenn., where he is superintendent of the
smelting department for the Tennessee
Copper Co. Previously he was on the staff
of the Hailyberry School of Mines in
Ontario.
Allen H. Anderson, BASc'51, is the
new director of the Banff School of Advanced Management. Previously he was
assistant professor of commerce at UBC.
. . . Frank Erickson, MSW'51, is now in
Glasgow, Montana, where he is assistant
program director at the regional mental
health centre. . . . James H. Geddes, BASc
'51, now calls England home as he is as-
Robert Lee
sociated with the London office of Home
Oil of Canada. ... An authority on cancer
and hormone research, Raymond E.
Counsel), BSP'53, PhD(Minnesota), is the
1970 chairman of the American Chemical
Society's division of medicinal chemistry.
His current appointment as professor at
the University of Michigan is sponsored
by the American Cancer Society, and his
research is primarily concerned with the
development of modified hormone and
radioactive drugs for the diagnosis and
treatment of cancer. . . . S. Ross Johnson,
BCom'52, is now in Toronto as resident
vice-president of the New York Life Insurance Co. . . . Dr. Peter L. Smith, BA'53,
associate professor of classics at the Uni
versity of Victoria, becomes associate
dean of arts at the beginning of July
when he returns from a leave of absence.
Roland J. Bouwman, LLB'54, has been
named general counsel and secretary for
the B. C. Telephone Co. Before joining B.
C. Tel in 1968 he was deputy city prosecutor for Vancouver. . . . Paul J. Hoen-
mans, BASc'54, is now manager of exploration and production planning in the
planning department, international division of Mobil Oil in New York. . . . Rev.
D. Gordon Laird, BCom'54, is the new
administrative management officer for
the metropolitan council of the United
Church for the B.C. Lower Mainland. . . .
D. Grant Hepburn, BASc'55, has been
appointed senior project engineer with
the Sandwell Company in Vancouver.
Robert H. Lee, BCom'56, who has
handled more than $30 million in real
estate sales in the past three years, has
been named president of Wall & Redekop
Realty Ltd. He notes that it took him
six months to earn his first $225—but
things have moved a little faster since
then. . . . Powell River newspaperman,
Stewart B. Alsgard, BA'57, has been promoted to commander in the Canadian
Forces naval reserve. In civilian life he is
general manager of the Powell River
News. ... Dr. Carol J. Diers, BA(West.
Washington), MA'58, PhD(Washington),
has added the duties of director of the honors program to her teaching schedule at
Western Washington State College. Her
appointment    marks    the    first    time    a
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32 woman has been a member of the program board. She joined the faculty in
1963 and is currently associate professor
of psychology. . . . Michael A. Partridge,
BCom'59, is back in Vancouver as regional manager for the London Life Assurance Co.
1960s
Thomas L. Charlton, BSc'62, MSc'64,
PhD(Alberta), is a research chemist with
Cominco in Trail, B.C. . . . Ram Parkash
Mahant, BASc'62, has joined Falconbridge Mines as a project engineer in
Sudbury, Ontario. Mrs. Mahant, (Edel-
gard Petzelt), BA'62, completed her doctorate at the London School of Economics in October and is lecturing at Lauren-
tian University. . . . Michael J. Sullivan,
BASc'62, now lives in southern California
where he is western district sales manager, glass and steel, for Cohart Refractories. . . . Another candidate for the
young president's club is Peter Hebb,
BCom'63, who now heads the George
Laidler Furniture Co. in Vancouver. . . .
Edwin J. Hemmes, BASc'63, has been
appointed manager of Canadian Dynamics in Canary. . . . R. Lloyd Martin, BCom
'63, MBA(Calif.) is now marketing manager for the residential division of Brama-
lea Consolidated Developments.
Gerhard Bielert, BSF'64, MBA(West.
Ont.) is now B.C. and Alberta manager
of the commercial finance division of the
Laurentide Company. . . . Mrs. Mayling
Weaver Pulsford, BA'64, MA(SFU), has
returned from England where she did research for an American writer and is now
college admissions officer at Trent University in Peterborough. . . . Charles N.
Crawford, BCom'65 is now general manager of Klondike Helicopters in Calgary.
After learning to fly in the Canadian
Navy he spent his summer vacations from
university working as a pilot for Klondike,
joining the company on a permanent
basis after graduation. . . . John R. Palmer,
BA'65, was the B.C. gold medalist in the
final exams of the Canadian Institute of
Chartered Accountants. . . .
Margaret Anne Stott, BA'66, has
joined the archives staff at the National
Museum in Ottawa. . . . Alec J. K. Keylock, BSc(Alberta), MBA'67, was recently
appointed industrial relations director of
the Employer's Council of B.C. Previously he was with Canada Manpower as
a consultant on manpower adjustment.
... Dr. Stuart M. McFadyen, MA'68, has
joined the University of Alberta as assistant professor of business administration.
. . . Norma J. Scott, BSA'68, is working
with the "Up With People" program in
the high schools in Washington, D.C. . . .
Lucille Lee, BCom'69, and Patricia Mars-
den, BA'67, are both taking the year-long
training course for trade commissioners
in Ottawa. They are the first women
to be appointed since the department of
trade and commerce began operations in
1892. They expect to be posted overseas
at the end of their training.
Births
Mr. and Mrs. Douglas T. Davies, (Alice
E. Newbergher, BEd'65), a daughter,
Kirsten Leigh, October 3, 1969 in North
Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Michael E.
Manley-Casimir, MEd'68, (Elsie Gyoba,
BEd'68) a daughter, Naomi Leigh, November 20, 1969 in Chicago, Illinois. . . .
Dr. and Mrs. S. P. Srivastava, PhD'63,
(Vivien M. Brown, BSc'61, PhD'64), a
daughter, Diane Sheila, November 8,
1969 in Halifax, Nova Scotia. ... Dr.
and Mrs. Roy Westwick, BA'56, MA'57,
PhD'60, (Gwyneth M. McArravy, BA'58,
MA'60), a daughter, Sarah Jane, December 19, 1969 in Vancouver.
Marriages
Hastings - McMillen. Francis Joseph Hastings, BCom'63 to Dorothy Carol McMillen, December 23, 1969 in Vancouver.
. . . Hind - Juelsberg. John R. Hind, BA'39
to Lisa Fonnebech Juelsberg, August 14,
1969 in Victoria, B.C. . . . Travis - Rosenthal. Michael C. Travis, BSP'67 to Audrey
L. Rosenthal, BEd'69, June 22, 1969 in
Vancouver.
Deaths
Rev. Eric V. Beech, BA'59, accidentally
August 28, 1969 in Creston, B.C. He is
survived by his wife.
Isabel Bescoby, BA'32, MA'35, November
3, 1969 in Sidney, B.C. After graduation
she joined the B.C. department of education as director of the elementary correspondence school. And in 1937 she became
principal of the provincial model school
in Victoria. During the Second World
War she joined the Unemployment Insurance Commission and  National  Em-
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33 LOST?
... or are you just hiding? Either
way the alumni records department would like to know of any
changes of address or name that
come your way.
(To make things easy for them
would you enclose the mailing
label from your CHRONICLE).
Alumni Records
Cecil Green Park
University of B.C.
Vancouver 8, B.C.
Please Print
Name	
(Maiden Name)	
(Married women please note
your husband's full name)
Your Class Year 	
Address 	
ployment Service and in the late 1940's
was supervisor of the women's division
in Victoria. In 1950 she moved to Vancouver as assistant and later regional supervisor of staff training. Six years later
she became coordinator of staff training
in B.C., Alberta and the Yukon for the
Civil Service Commission. In 1962 she
moved to Ottawa as a training consultant and later became chief of the information and consulting division of the
training and development service of the
Civil Service Commission. Throughout
her career she was active in adult education, as a lecturer and panelist at conferences in Canada and the United
States. She was a director of the Institute of Public Administration and a
founder of the Federal Institute of Staff
Training and Development. Survived by
her mother, sister, Mrs. T. R. Wilson,
BA'40, (Hazel Jean), three nieces and two
nephews.
Scott D. Dickson, BA'35, BEd'57, January 9, 1969 in Fort St. John, B.C. He
was a teacher and principal at schools
in several areas of the province and is
survived by his wife, two daughters, two
sisters and two brothers.
James Alfred Edmunds, BA'42, BEd'53,
September 24, 1969 in Vancouver. His
entire career was spent with the Vancouver School Board as a teacher and
after 1962 as principal of Killarney
Secondary School.
William J. P. Huggan, BA'51, BEd'55,
MEd'62, November 2, 1969 in Vancouver.
He was a member of the teaching staff at
John Oliver Secondary School in Vancouver. Since 1967 he was head of the
school's social studies department. Survived by his wife, son, and three
daughters.
Linda Kathleen Jack, BSc'67, accidentally August .23, 1969 in Hatzic, B.C.
Dr. Douglas If. Taylor Lee, BA'47, accidentally July 30, 1969 in Victoria, B.C.
He is survived by his wife.
James Reid Mitchell, BA'24, BEd'45,
October 19, 1969 in West Vancouver. He
retired in 1967 after 40 years as teacher
and  principal  with  the West Vancouver
school board. His professional activities
included terms as president of both the
B.C. and Canadian Teachers' Federations.
A grad of UBC's Fairview shack days, he
was a member of the university soccer
team and served as president of the musical society. Survived by his wife, daughter,
and son, Reid, BPE'49, BEd'55.
Lawrence R. Munroe, BASc'46, January
12, 1970 in Vancouver. Shortly after
graduation he joined the Vancouver
Town-Planning Commission and in 1952
moved to the newly-formed Vancouver
planning department. For the past two
and half years he was assistant director
of the department. He was a member of
the Institute of Professional Engineers,
the Planning Institute of B.C. and the
Town Planning Institute of Canada. Survived by his wife, Diana (Bampton)
BA'47 and his mother.
Basil Lloyd Pantages, BA'50, January 15,
1970 in Vancouver. He was a member of
the Institute of Chartered Accountants
of B.C. Survived by his wife and parents.
James P. Pappajohn, BCom'47, November 16, 1969 in Vancouver. A veteran of
the Second World War, he taught school
for over 16 years in Burnaby. More recently he was president of Pro-Odos
Holdings Ltd., a real estate development
firm founded by his father. Survived by
his wife, son, three daughters, parents,
three brothers and a sister.
Gloria J. Parkhill, BA'68, August 1969
in Vancouver. She is survived by her
mother.
Sidney L. Richardson, BA'45, BEd'56,
November 20, 1969 in Vancouver. He
taught in Surrey for over 20 years and is
survived by his sister.
Sydney Teal, BASc'37, March 17, 1969
in Toronto. He was an engineer with
Consul Mogul Mines Ltd. and a member
of the Professional Engineers Association
of  Ontario.
Capt. William M. Wright, BSc'66, accidentally January 7, 1970 in West Germany. For the past 18 months he was
attached to the Fourth RCAF Fighter
Wing stationed at Soellingen. He is survived by his parents. □
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