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UBC Alumni Chronicle 1970

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 ^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
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QUEBEC^ THE BEGINNING OR THE END? Heui
Fiesta-Siesta
cruise to mexko
From Los Angeles
or San Diego
to Puerto Vallarta.
11 days round trip.
This is one cruise where you set the
pace. Lively or lazy. Fiesta or Siesta. Either
way, every minute's a holiday.
You sail on the M.S. Orpheus to some
of Mexico's most intriguing, most secluded
resorts. To La Paz, Mazatlan, Cabo San
Lucas, Puerto Vallarta.
Your ship is Greek. Amenities and
service are superb. So is the continental
cuisine. And every stateroom has air
conditioning, private bath, stereo and
phone. There's an outdoor swimming pool,
nightclub with orchestra, bars, lounges.
So you can fiesta or siesta. Or both.
Twelve departures December 17 through
April 17.
Thrift season rates extended all winter
New rate reductions will save you from
$55 to $105 per person on all sailings
except the Christmas Cruise, December 17.
Regular winter season fares begin at $390
round trip. So plan now to put sunny
Mexico into the middle of your winter.
Cruise for 11 days round trip, or combine
a one-way cruise to Puerto Vallarta or
Mazatlan with a sightseeing trip through
Mexico.
Your Travel Agent knows all about the
winter cruises of the Orpheus. Ask him.
Westours, Inc., 900 IBM Building, Seattle, Washington 98101
Send brochure on your Mexico cruise
Name_
City	
_Address_
_State_
_Zip_
My travel agent is_
Jvk
902
M.S. ORPHEUS, registered in Greece. Pity the poor consumer . . . what
has Ron Basford, minister of consumer and corporate affairs, done
for him? ...  p.  8
British Prime Minister Heath proposes to sell arms to South Africa
. . . political scientist Dr. Robert
McKenzie speculates on the motives
and  the  implications  .  .  .  p.  13
^^| UBC ALUMNI ■ ■
Chronicle
4
8
13
16
18
21
26
29
30
CONTENTS
QUEBEC: THE END OR THE
BEGINNING? Allan Smith
THE HONORABLE RONALD BASFORD
Canada's Shining Knight of
Consumerism? Clive Cocking
THE TWO LIVES OF
DR. ROBERT McKENZIE Clive Cocking
RECOLLECTIONS
OF JOE'S PALACE Dave Brock
STAGE CAMPUS 70
BOOKS
Reviews by Allan Fotheringham, Trevor Lautens,
Clive Cocking and Audrey Down
ALUMNI NEWS
LETTERS TO THE EDITOR
SPOTLIGHT
EDITOR    Clive Cocking, BA'62
EDITORIAL ASSISTANT    Susan Jamieson, BA'65
COVER    Annette Breukelman
ADVERTISING REPRESENTATIVE
National Advertising Representatives Ltd.
EDITORIAL COMMITTEE
Frank C Walden, BA'49, chairman, Mrs. R. W. Wellwood, BA'51, vice-
chairman, Mrs. Frederick Field, BA'42, past chairman, Miss Kirsten
Emmott, Med 2, Dr. Joseph Katz, BA, MEd (Man), PhD (Chicago), Philip
Keatley, BA'51, Peter Ladner, BA'70, Fred Moonen, BA'49, Trevor
Lautens, BA (McMaster), Jack K. Stathers, BA'55, MA'58, Dr. Ross
Stewart, BA'46, MA'48, PhD (Washington), Dr. Erich W. Vogt, BSc,
MSc, (Man), PhD (Princeton), Miss Alex Volkoff, Arts 4.
Published quarterly by Ihe Alumni Association of The University of British Columbia,
Vancouver, Canada. Business and editorial offices: Cecil Green Park, 6251 N.W.
Marine  Dr.,  U.B.C,  Vancouver 8,   B.C.
SUBSCRIPTIONS: The Alumni Chronicle is sent to all alumni of the university.
Non-alumni  subscriptions  are available  at $3  a year.
Postage  paid  at the Third  Class  rate.   Permit  No. 2067.
Member American Alumni Council.
■H^ll   VOLUME 24, NO. 4, WINTER 1970 Till QEPIIIIIIIIP flDTUE [11119
lit DtblNNINb UK lilt tNII I
Allan Smith
WITH    THE    KIDNAPPING    of    James
Cross and the murder of Pierre La-
porte, Quebec's Quiet Revolution
has entered a new phase. No longer
will it be possible to assume with
easy confidence that the course of
political life in the province of
Quebec will be, in the main, tranquil
and calm. No longer will it be possible to dismiss the acts of violence
which have taken place in Quebec
during the last seven years as regrettable but wholly transitory
phenomena. The events of October
have suggested, too, that the time
remaining to federalism to prove its
worth to the people of French Canada is more limited than most
English-Canadians suspected following the elections of last April.
Yet those same events, however,
have also raised the possibility that
calm may be restored. They have
suggested that the Front de Liberation du Quebec (FLQ) may have
outreached itself. They suggest that
it may have moved too far too fast
and that it may therefore have lost
whatever chance it once possessed
of getting widespread support. While
there is no doubt, then, that October
1970 marks a turning point in the
history of Quebec and of Canada,
it is not yet clear in what direction
events will move. Will Quebec regain stability and continue to function within the Canadian federal
system, or does the future offer only
unrest, disruption and violence, with
a separate Quebec at the end of the
road?
The FLQ has emerged from the
breakdown of the value system that
governed the society of French Canada until  after the  Second World War. Following the collapse of the
social and economic order—rural
and agrarian—upon which that
value system rested, there arose an
industrial and urban Quebec in
which the values of a conservative,
Catholic culture had no place. The
state replaced the Church as the
premier institution of Quebec and
the guardian of society. The fundamental dislocation produced by the
sudden irrelevance of old truths and
traditional institutions was intensified by the real and substantial
grievances felt by the people of
Quebec.
The elements at the root of these
grievances are not new. The economy has been controlled by anglophone elements since 1760. The
anglophone community has exercised its functions not in the interests
of Quebec society at large but in the
interests of itself, an elite which has
been involved in the life of the
society around it only in the most
formal sense. While the anglophone
community has benefited massively
from its central place in the province's economic life, the francophone population has functioned as
little more than a pool of cheap
labor. Of all the ethnic groups
which inhabit the population of
Quebec, only the newly arrived
Italians and the native Indians receive a lower wage. For a long time
these things were not seen as a cause
for resentment. Schooled in a system
which eschewed commercial activity,
the people of Quebec, and their
leaders, paid little attention to commerce and trade, save as these things
represented a threat to the conservative and Catholic society they had
been educated to venerate. But the
growth of industry in Quebec, the
introduction of an educational system that equips French-speaking
Canadians to function in industrial
society, the choice many immigrants
to Quebec make to speak English
rather than French, the difficulties
faced by those who want to speak
French at work, and a new and intense consciousness of the privileged
position occupied by the anglophone
community have combined to produce unrest of a kind not before
seen.
Above all, there has emerged a
new class of educated and aware
Quebecois who have the capacity
and want the right to manipulate the
controls of their own society. The
existence of this group, coupled with
the discontent of the Quebec worker,
has produced the sense of frustration
and grievance which is now so
marked a feature of politics and
society in Quebec. All of this has
in turn been compounded by the
dislocation induced by the breakdown of the old order. And this in
its turn explains the Quiet Revolution, which has been, essentially, an
attempt to respond to these frustrations by remaking Quebec in the
image of a modern industrial state
controlled by and functioning in the
interests of the people who inhabit
it.
This sense of frustration and
grievance explains, more particularly, the massive defeat of the
National Union in April 1970, for
that party no longer seemed capable
of imparting direction in these confused times. It explains the victory
of Bourassa, for he promised a cure
to the hard grievances on which
this discontent rests, a cure which
would have the advantage (a considerable one in these difficult times)
of not involving further and basic
disruptions in the life of his society.
It explains the Creditiste phenomenon, for that remarkable band of
charlatans proposed easy solutions
to confused men in the country,
who do not understand. But most of
all this sense of frustration explains
the existence of the Parti Quebegois
as the most vital force in Quebec
politics today.
The Parti Quebegois received the
impressive popular vote—24 per
cent—in the April election because
it proposed a plan of action and a
set of principles which seemed to
meet simultaneously the need to
reorganize the economy and alter
the status of the majority. Central to
its programme was the notion that
the resources of Quebec should be
placed in the hands of the province's
people by a programme of nationalization. It proposed, too, that the
government, functioning as the agent
of the people, should actively involve itself in the creation of new
industry through the medium of an
effective development corporation.
Social and welfare policies ranked
high on its list of priorities in light
of the depressed conditions of many
Quebec workers. It desired above all
to make the people of Quebec masters in their own house by making
their state fully autonomous and
independent. With the advent to
power of the Parti Quebegois, the
people of Quebec were told, there
would at last be a state of Quebec
under the control of the French-
speaking majority.
Finally, this fundamental dislocation explains the FLQ. The sense of
uncertainty produced by the breakdown of the old order coupled with
the incapacity of that which has replaced it to come fully to grips with
the social, economic, and cultural
problems facing Quebec, has convinced the FLQ of the need for radical action. The FLQ has no time for
the Parti Quebegois. It sees that
party as a middle class organization
which will do nothing more than
replace anglophone capitalism with
francophone capitalism, and make
Quebec the plaything of a French-
speaking rather than an English-
speaking elite. It proposes a clear
and   simple   program   which   cuts through confusion and appeals to
the instinct for certainty and the
perfect solution.
It advocates an uncompromising
socialism patterned after that which
has emerged in Cuba and other
newly-independent leftist states. It
argues for the creation of a worker's
Quebec. It asserts that true reform
can emerge only from revolution
and from the complete destruction
of the old order which revolution
will bring. The FLQ holds its tactics
in common with like-minded organizations the world over. It practices
a politics of confrontation, terror,
and violence similar in its essentials
to that advocated by other groups,
among them the Black Panthers and
the Palestinian Liberation Front,
with which it has contacts.
The FLQ has sought over the
past seven years to focus attention
on the problems of Quebec in the
most dramatic and obvious fashion.
Its object has been two-fold. It
hopes, by making people ask why it
is bombing federal property and
mailboxes in Westmount, to heighten the level of awareness among the
people of Quebec and make them
conscious of what it sees as their
oppressed situation. Secondly, it
wants to create a fundamental division in Quebec concerning the society's future. The FLQ wants to
compel the people of Quebec to
choose between its strategy and aims
and the program of the federal
and provincial authorities. It thinks
this choice will be resolved in its
favor if the government is compelled to reveal its "true" nature,
which is, in its view, repressive.
The various cells of the terrorist
movement therefore seek to provoke
the government in the hope that
the government will, by attempting
to repress it, reveal thereby that it
is not prepared to accept dissident
organizations, and will suppress civil
liberties to root them out. If, on the
other hand, the authorities choose to
deal with it, they will give it a kind
of de facto recognition as a parallel
power. No matter what the government's reaction then, the FLQ has
advanced its cause, for it will have
gotten itself taken more seriously
than it was before.
But has it polarized opinion? Has
it created a confrontation in its
favor? The recent kidnappings and
murder were designed to get a reaction from the authorities. That reac-
6
tion, in turn, was intended, by involving the repression of the FLQ,
to compel people to decide whether
they wished to support the authorities or the Front. The FLQ must
have expected that the people of
Quebec would have felt themselves
(in some numbers at least) sufficiently aggrieved to react positively
to its acts. It must have expected
that they would react negatively to
those of the government. It must
have expected, not only that a division of opinion would take place,
but that it would be a division
measurably in its favour.
That, in essence, is the gamble
the FLQ took. It gambled that people in Quebec would view the kidnappings as a political act. It
gambled that its position would be
improved, either because the government would negotiate, thereby
recognizing it as a parallel power, or
else because the government would
seek to repress its activities, thereby
revealing its 'true' nature. If the
FLQ were to lose its gamble, if the
people of Quebec were not in any
significant number prepared to view
its acts as political, if they did not
feel themselves to be so brutalized
that they would see the death of
Laporte as a political act against a
tyrannical and insensitive government, it would find that it has succeeded only in uniting the people of
the province against its methods.
The federal and provincial
authorities have also gambled. By
using the supreme weapon available
to them they have tried to obliterate
the FLQ and deprive it of its sustaining apparatus. If this operation
succeeds, political life will return to
something like its normal course.
If it fails, if the government cannot
decimate the FLQ, if it continues to
function, the government will have
done more than fail to wipe out a
revolutionary organization. It will
have given that organization much
of what it has tirelessly pursued for
seven years. The government will
have given the FLQ suspension of
civil liberties, thereby allowing it to
claim that the government has at
last revealed its true face. It will
have given it troops in Quebec,
thereby allowing the Front to point
to a symbol not merely of repression
but of federal and anglophone domination. The government will have
given the FLQ an act of intervention
in the Montreal civic elections,
thereby allowing it to claim that the whole operation was politically inspired. The authorities will, in other
words, have played into the hands
of the FLQ by lending credence to
the most insubstantial and fantastic
of its charges.
More than that, the government
will not have stopped the acts of
terrorism that initiated the whole
process. Those acts will continue.
As the situation deteriorates, the
economic circumstances of the province will worsen. In this the FLQ
has a clear interest, for economic
contraction will cause the sense of
grievance to grow. Support now
claimed by the federal and provincial
authorities will therefore wane. It
will then become possible to argue
that Ottawa and Quebec City are
incapable of doing anything about
the basic social and economic questions out of which all of this arises.
Both the FLQ and the governments of Quebec and Canada, then,
have chosen to gamble. The FLQ
has lost its gamble, for the time
being at least, for Quebeckers, like
Canadians generally, were stunned
by the kidnappings and revolted by
the death of Laporte. But that does
not mean the government has won
its gamble. Only time will tell
whether the FLQ has been put out
of business.
What will the future bring? The
government of Robert Bourassa has
attempted since April to regain the
momentum of the Quiet Revolution.
Medicare, the emphasis on French
on the job, and the concern manifested by the government to expand
the economy are indications of this
fact. But it is on the last of them
that the future hinges. If the Bourassa government fails to create jobs,
it will lose support in a massive
and speedy way. It will do more. It
will unite the jobless workers of the
province with the newly-graduated
products of Quebec's expanded and
modernized post-secondary educa-
cational system, who will also be
unable to find employment. A potent
combination, prepared to look for
radical solutions, will therefore have
been brought into being. Similarly
the federal government, and especially its Quebec ministers, has committed itself to the improvement of
economically depressed areas. If
these attempts to remove the social
and economic determinants of unrest and discontent fail, that discontent will grow and intensify.
Who will benefit by it? Who will
profit from the discontent with the
federal and provincial governments
which will be the byproduct of continued economic recession? The
FLQ (if it is not suppressed) will
seek to exploit it, but its tactics will
be abhorred in the future as they
are now. It will be the Parti Quebegois which will emerge as the
party to solve Quebec's problems.
The Parti Quebegois is nationalist
enough to appeal to the sense of
cultural grievance, and proposals
concerning the economy of Quebec
will appear both sweeping and workable. It uses tactics and methods
which will not alienate potential
supporters. The party now has, and
will continue to get, support among
the alienated and dispossessed. It
commands the allegiance of an able
and talented group of members. And
in Rene Levesque it has a leader
who is in touch with reality and has
great appeal. If turmoil and instability continue, the Parti Quebegois
will do well at the polls in 1974.
If it does not, it will be for one of
two reasons. Either the plans of
Bourassa and Trudeau will have
borne fruit or the political system
will have operated unfairly as it did
in April of this year. If the first, the
problem will have been resolved, for
the foundations of unrest will have
been removed. If the second, the
situation, as Levesque himself has
warned, will become yet more serious.
The events of October, then, have
thrown the options offered by the
future into stark and vivid relief. If
the Liberal governments of Canada
and Quebec cannot move to meet
the grievances of the people of
Quebec, it is now certain that the
Parti Quebegois will greatly improve
its position. Tf it is successful enough
to form a government in Quebec in
1974, Canada, as it has existed
since 1867, will cease to be. What
is at stake in all of this, finally,
is the country itself. If the legitimate
grievances of one of its principal
parts can be met Canada will continue to exist, if not, it will at last
break up. □
An assistant professor of history at
UBC, Allan Smith received his BA
from the University of Manitoba
and his MA from the University
of Toronto. RONALD
Some businesses will go to any
length nowadays to retain a customer. That comes as a surprise, I
know, but there it is. As evidence, I
offer the following story from The
Sun, November 13, 1970 . . .
Frank Makaoff of Grand Forks
went into Eagle Motors Ltd. in Burnaby, saw a car he liked and decided
to buy it. He offered to buy it at a
stated price and gave a cheque in
that amount, but was later told he
would have to pay a higher price.
Makaoff wasn't going to go that
high, so he asked that his cheque
and offer be returned to him. There
was no way he was going to get that
though.
Instead, he was attacked by two
Eagle employees, one grabbing him
in a bear hug, the other seizing him
by the throat from behind. They
forced him to sit in a locked office.
Finally, feeling the only way he
would get out of there was to agree
to buy the car, Makaoff did agree
and  left  the  premises without  his
earlier signed offer and cheque.
The only problem, of course, was
that the court didn't feel that this
was the kind of service a company
should extend to keep from losing
business. In an Appeal Court judgment, the judges held that the attitude of Eagle Motors was "outrageous, high-handed and arrogant and
designed to frighten the respondent
(Makaoff) into buying a car from
the appellant against his will." Eagle
Motors was ordered to pay Makaoff
$2,500 damages for assault.
Everyone knows that the consumer has a rough time these days—
but that has to be the ultimate. Most
people's problems are less dramatic,
but irritating in their way. You
know the sort of things. You go to
buy a 24-oz. bottle of detergent in
the supermarket and you find it priced at 93 cents on one shelf and, on
another aisle, the same item, with a
"10 cents off!" label, is priced at 83
cents. You're pleased to see that the
15-oz. package of coconut still sells
for 59 cents—until you notice it's
now a 14-oz. package. You find that
you haven't stopped swearing at
your color TV since you had to
plunk down $250 to replace the
picture tube—a month after the
warranty had run out. And you're
almost ashamed to admit that your
new domestic car has spent more
time in the garage than on the road.
As a friend confessed to me recently: "I've bought a beautiful
$5,000 lemon. It looks lovely and
shiny parked in front of the house,
but get it out on the road and you
know it's junk."
Phoney sales, exorbitant prices,
shoddy goods, deceptive advertising,
shysterism in credit buying—these
are the things that continually
plague the modern consumer. Gone
is the old friendly, trusting relationship with a local merchant in this CANADA'S
SHIIMIIMG
KNIGHT OF
CONSUMERISM?
period of mass production, mass
marketing and mass consumption.
To be a successful consumer today
you have to be a walking catalogue
of prices, a rapid-fire mathematician, a sharp-eyed reader of fine
print, a chronic complainer—but
above all, you have to be aware.
As a consumer, what you don't
know can hurt you—and usually
does.
Grim though that sounds, the
situation was probably worse a few
years ago. It's only recently that the
consumer has had much in the way
of legislative protection and recourse
against the shysters in the marketplace.
The picture began to change for
the consumer on December 21,
1967 when the federal government
formed its Department of Consumer
and Corporate Affairs. Since then
The Hon. Ron Basford, Minister of
Consumer and Corporate Affairs,
has   ridden   into   the   fray,   laying
heavily about him with his legislative broadsword—sort of like Canada's Shining White Knight of Consumerism. His department has rallied to the aid of the consumer in
response to thousands of complaints
and has implemented sweeping new
legislation and regulations designed
to give the consumer a better deal in
the marketplace.
A stocky, short man—much
shorter than you would think from
seeing him on television—Basford,
BA'55, LLB'56, impresses you with
his obvious recognition of the importance of his job. To him it is
not just a stepping-stone to something bigger—consumer and corporate affairs is a key portfolio. Smiling, he acknowledges the value to
his work of his wife's opinions,
which should come as no surprise
since Madeline Basford (nee Nelson) is a trained home economist,
a UBC graduate of 1961.
"I think Canada is further ahead
CLIVE COCKING
than any other country in the world
in terms of its governmental organization to represent the consumer
interest," says Basford. And he
points out that Ralph Nader praises
the Canadian system, which brings
consumer and corporate affairs under one department. But there are
some Canadians who argue that the
department has yet to get on the
right track.
One of these is Evelyn Caldwell,
who writes the Penny Wise column
for The Sun. "I'm concerned with
consumer affairs at the shopper's
level," she says. "Mr. Basford is
doing a lot of good things, but he's
got a long way to go to get the stores
to stop cheating." The New Democratic Party's consumer affairs critic,
Mrs. Grace Maclnness, Member of
Parliament for Vancouver-Kingsway,
believes Basford has made progress
on labelling, hazardous toys and
packaging (some aspects, at least),
but has failed to ease the pinch of RON BASFORD
inflation on ordinary working people. "My main criticism." says Mrs.
Maclnness, "is that the department
has done nothing effective with regard to the cost of living."
Gaps and inadequacies there undoubtedly are in government consumer affairs policy, but there is no
denying the fact that Basford's department has at least taken action
to clear up some long-standing consumer complaints. The crackdown
on misleading advertising is a case
in point. Regional inspectors have
been appointed to gather evidence
of misleading advertising and enforcement has been increased. In
fact, Basford notes that 60 per cent
of all prosecutions under this law
have been taken to court in the last
two years. "I think that demonstrates that the law was sitting
around with no one enforcing it or
paying much attention to it."
The high cost of prescription
drugs has been another sore point
with consumers and the government
has taken several steps to push
prices down. The manufacturers' 11
per cent sales tax on drugs has been
removed. Anti-dumping regulations
have been amended to facilitate importation of prescription drugs and
a loan program has been established
to assist small Canadian manufacturers to get into drug production.
The aim of these two measures is to
increase competition and thus put a
downward pressure on prices.
In its most significant step —
one bitterly attacked by the pharmaceutical industry lobby —■ the
government amended the Patent
Act in another bid to increase competition. Under the old act, a
patent holder had a 17-year monopoly on a particular patent. The
amended legislation now gives the
commissioner of patents the power
to grant licences to people other
than the patent holder cither to
import or manufacture a patented
drug in Canada. Many licences are
now being granted.
"Those licences are being granted
to people to import or manufacture
some of the best-seller and most
expensive items in the pharmaceutical mix," says Basford. "We have
indications that they are coming
onto the market at prices 20 to 50
per cent lower than what the former patent holder was selling the
drugs at."
Basford   admits,   however,   that what goes on at the retail level in
terms of regulation of pharmacies
and how drugs are sold to the
public is a provincial responsibility.
In other words, not all price savings may be being passed on. Mrs.
Maclnnes, for one, believes they
are not.
Most recently, Basford brought
forward a bill on packaging and
labelling which will give the government power to crack down on
packages which mislead consumers
about the amount, quality or performance of a wide variety of products. The cabinet would be able
to limit the size, shape and number
of containers used in selling individual products if it felt there was
an "undue proliferation" of containers which might confuse the
public.
Should standardization of containers follow from this legislation
it would obviously be a boon to
consumers in comparing prices of
different products. But Basford's
department has not gone as far as
it might have in this legislation,
since no mention is made of forcing
the adoption of labels with unit
pricing. Unit pricing — where labels contain the full price and the
price per ounce, etc. — is currently
being experimented with in New
York City.
This isn't the only area where
Basford and the government might
be criticized for not going far
enough. The newly-implemented
safety standards on new cars do
not go beyond the 29 specifications
already in force in the U.S., nor
do they take account of Canadian
weather conditions. Adoption of the
new care labelling system for fabrics and the Canada Standard Size
system for children's clothing —
two systems of great potential benefit to consumers — is not compulsory for manufacturers, but voluntary. Consequently, there is little
indication that they are being adopted widely.
But the action Basford is most
proud of — perhaps rightly — is
the passage of the Hazardous Products Act which gives his department power to ban certain hazardous products and to regulate the
sale, distribution, advertising and
labelling of others. The fact that
many children died of household
poisonings in one year in Canada
is enough to indicate the need for
SMITH
CONSUMER
EDUCATOR  &
OMBUDSWOMAN
a stapler in the shape of a smiling lion sits on her desk. Beside
her, the lines on her telephone
light up all at once. Lois Smith
sits completely unruffled in her
Vancouver office, a petite young
woman enthusiastically carrying
out two jobs in one.
A graduate of UBC's school of
home economics in 1960, Miss
Smith is one of five consumer
consultants in regional offices
across the country. It is her job
both to act as an ombudsman for
consumers and producers, and to
educate the people of B.C. in
the art of buymanship.
In the first case she answers
some of the 200 complaints and
inquiries the office receives each
week. This can mean anything
from telling people how to get
satisfaction when buying drapes
to making a representation to a
dealer regarding a faulty mix-
master.
"Many people don't realize
you have to shop for a dealer as
well as a commodity," she says.
"If you want to buy a kitchen
appliance or a stereo component,
you should first find out what
kind of terms different stores will
give. What is their policy on
returning goods? If you need repairs done, will you have to send
the appliance across the country?
Who pays for servicing? And so
on. Up to now consumers have
been gullible and not ready to do
much for themselves. Too often
they don't read instructions on
labels or the back of the contract
they are signing."
Some questions can be answered directly on the phone. Others
are referred to specific departments in either the federal or
provincial governments. And still
others are sent to products inspectors whose job it is to deal
with 10-pound bags of potatoes
only weighing nine pounds and
see that hazardous products are
properly marked.
"Then all the complaints are
sent to Ottawa. In this way the
federal department may find that
people in B.C. are suffering from
the same problems as people in
Halifax and decide legislation is
needed."
At the same time Miss Smith
talks to producers telling them
what the consumer is concerned
about and finding out how industry views the consumer.
But although it is her job to
investigate complaints, she is
spending more and more time
teaching the public. She recently
returned from a month of travelling around the province giving
lectures, speaking on radio shows
and meeting individual consumers.
"It is our job to protect consumers, but we also want to use
the preventative approach and
teach people how to become better consumers," she says. Her
hope is to teach teenagers in
schools how to buy. To do this,
she talks to groups of home ec
teachers who can then go back
and give their students lessons
on contracts, use of credit or care
of textiles.
Does she think the program
has been successful in the last 18
months?
"I think we have been very
successful. Consumers all over
Canada are becoming more aware
of their rights, and certainly the
people out here are vocal," said
Miss Smith.
Thanks to her, they certainly
are. Last year B.C. came second
in the number of consumer complaints sent to Ottawa. □
-Alex Volkoff
11 such legislation, in Basford's mind.
"I typify the need by saying that
Canadian housewives have been
using lemon oil as furniture polish
for years and years, and I suspect
that many of them think it's made
out of lemons. In fact, it's a very
lethal distillate, so lethal that if
your child happened to grab the
bottle and drink some, it could
do serious damage to his respiratory
system."
Under the act, a new system of
symbols has been developed for
labelling hazardous products to
clearly show the degree of poison,
inflammability, explosiveness or
corrosiveness. Minimum construction and safety standards for toys
have also been developed, some of
which will be in force for the first
time this Christmas season.
In terms of passing new legislation and regulations, and in enforcing existing laws, the government's action in consumer affairs
has been impressive. But out there
on the front line of consumerism
— the marketplace — most people
have yet to see many results of
government action. Prices are still
too high. Too much advertising is
still deceptive. Many stores haven't
12
stopped cheating. Product quality
is as shoddy as ever. In fairness
though, it has to be remembered
that it was only two years ago that
Basford and his department really
began to deal with this complex
issue.
But the critics, such as Evelyn
Caldwell and Mrs. Grace Maclnnes, seriously question whether the
approach adopted by Basford and
the government will be very successful. That approach minimizes
compulsion and stresses voluntary
codes for business to follow to avoid
government regulation. The critics
argue that real success, where the
consumer feels it, can only come
through legislation embodying greater compulsion.
On his part, Basford feels the
government can only go so far in
trying to protect the consumer.
"There are some people," he says,
"who want to be taken by the hand
and led through the marketplace,
so to speak, which is impossible. I
know there is k small element who
favor, what I call the Gum system
of marketing, which is taken from
the name of the Moscow department store, where we would all go
in and have a very limited selection
of goods, all wrapped in plain
brown paper packages — but I
certainly don't want it." Basford
believes his department's role is to
assure the consumer has safe products, factual information on products and free choice in buying.
"But it's still going to be the consumer's responsibility to act in an
informed way and an intelligent
way in the expenditure of his consumer dollar."
The government, of course, has
recently shifted the onus some distance away from the old concept
of caveat emptor, "let the buyer
beware," to that of "let the seller
beware," but it does not intend to
go all the way by any means. The
government doesn't plan to play
mother hen to the consumer in the
marketplace. In anger, Evelyn Caldwell once said: "People are fools,
they're damn fools, the super-markets rule them, they should fight
the store manager, fight, complain,
shop elsewhere, complain, fight,
they have their rights and they
don't use them." This still seems
like it's going to be the best advice
to the consumer for some time.D
Drawings/Hugh Foulds *£JLJ'J€**M SiM-tJL
*■*"*>
m
\
THE THING THAT IMMEDIATELY
strikes you about the London
School of Economics is that you
can't tell where it begins and where
it ends. A cluster of grimy buildings
jammed into a maze of streets near
the Strand, it can easily be missed if
you haven't sharp eyes for building
signs. For LSE — unlike UBC — is
an integral part of the fabric of the
city in which it exists. Which is undoubtedly an important factor in
LSE's long-standing reputation for
intense involvement in British political and social affairs.
I was thinking about this one day
while looking out the window of Dr.
Robert McKenzie's book and paper-
strewn office at students lunching
on a rooftop cafeteria. A Vancouver-
born alumnus, Dr. McKenzie, BA
'37, was recalling his UBC days as
assistant to Dean Soward and how
he had fallen in love with London
during the war and been delighted to
stay on and join the LSE faculty on
getting his doctorate there in 1949.
It occurred to me that this genial,
pipe-smoking professor of political
sociology was an excellent example
of LSE's tradition of involvement.
A bustling sort of man, Dr. McKenzie in fact leads a dual life. Not
only is he a first-rate scholar whose
book, British Political Parties, was
long the definitive work on party
development, he is also one of Britain's leading political commentators,
appearing regularly on BBC television. In 1969, Simon Fraser University recognized his contribution
to both fields by awarding him an
honorary doctor of laws degree.
As well as participating in public
affairs programs, Dr. McKenzie has
regularly invited leading politicians
to the university to participate in
seminars. He finds his double life
to be educationally valuable, believing that political science is best
taught from the basis of first-hand
knowledge of the political process.
"I'm absolutely satisfied," he said,
"with the cross-fertilization that results from academics talking to politicians, interesting them in the problems they should be interested in
and at the same time getting invaluable first-hand information.
This, I think, is fruitful and in no
sense do I feel it is a distraction."
Dr. McKenzie sees Britain becoming more and more like the
Scandinavian countries. There is a
tendency in Britain, in recognition
of no longer being a world power,
to do things on a smaller scale and
to be more concerned   with domes-
PROFILE:
The
Two Lives
Of
Dr. Robert
McKenzie
Clive Cocking
13 It wouldn't break the heart of the Conservatives if the
Commonwealth came to an end. They're fully
committed to Europe now.
tic issues. And British politics are
becoming dull like Scandinavian
politics, where moderate social democrats vie for election against moderate conservatives. There is also
very little difference in British political parties today, said Dr. McKenzie. "Churchill once surprised an
American audience by saying that
four-fifths of each party in Britain
agree about four-fifths of the things
to be done, which pretty neatly summarized it and it's still true."
On occasion, however, the two
main British political parties do try
to appear different. Dr. McKenzie
pointed out that there is an element
of this in Prime Minister Edward
Heath's recent vaguely-stated intention to sell arms to South Africa.
But it is only one element, he
stressed, and a relatively minor one.
What the real reasons behind
Heath's policy are no one can yet
determine with any certainty, said
Dr. McKenzie. "It's still curious to
me why he's plugging the arms sale
as hard as he is," said Dr. McKenzie. "There's no self-evident motive
in it beyond the fact that the government is preoccupied with the
role of the Soviet navy in the Indian
Ocean." The Soviet fleet has grown
to be nearly equivalent to that of
the U.S. in the Mediterranean and
its ships are also becoming more
numerous in the Indian Ocean.
In a recent speech, Heath said
Britain, under the Simonstown Agreement, was committed in principle
to work with South Africa in the
defence of the Cape of Good Hope.
But in the same speech he coupled
those remarks with an unusually
strong (for him) attack on apartheid. "To me," said Dr. McKenzie,
"this strong attack on apartheid suggests he's still trying to convince
the black African states that Britain
would only be selling arms to South
Africa for narrow defence reasons."
Several black African nations, of
course, have warned Britain that
they would interpret any sale of
arms to South Africa as giving the
stamp of legitimacy to a racist regime and therefore an unfriendly act.
A few have threatened to withdraw
from the Commonwealth should Britain go ahead. This threat, however,
is not having much impact in Britain,
Dr. McKenzie noted. Heath's policy
has only evoked protests from The
Times, some 100 bishops and a
scattering  of  other  liberals.   "The
14 fact that Heath is standing up to the
bullying tactics of the black African
nations is in fact getting him some
support," said Dr. McKenzie. "I
would guess that he's not losing a
thing domestically on it and probably he's getting a sense of triumph
from his own right wing supporters."
The fact of the matter is that nobody in Britain cares much anymore
about the Commonwealth. "The British public has never been enamoured of the multi-racial Commonwealth," said Dr. McKenzie. "And
I don't think it would break the
heart of the Conservatives if the
Commonwealth came to an end.
They're fully committed to Europe
now."
They are committed to closer ties,
but not necessarily to joining the
Common  Market.   As  far  as  the
Heath government has gone in that
line has been to enter negotiations
with the declaration that Britain will
join if it obtains reasonable terms.
The terms are vitally important,
said Dr. McKenzie, to whether entry is seen as beneficial and whether Britain decides to join. At present, the British economy and balance of payments appear quite healthy, so it is not viewed as a do-or-die
proposition. Agricultural policy remains a potential stumbling block.
Under present subsidy and pricing
arrangements, entry into the Common Market could lead to a 20 per
cent jump in British food prices.
"The British are not keen on this
since they would end up subsidizing
the inefficient continental farmers,"
said Dr. McKenzie. "British agriculture, you see, is the most efficient in
the world. The tiny element of the
population that works on the farms
here grow half enough food for 50
million people."
There is no doubt, however, that
entry into the Common Market
would be a shot in the arm for the
British economy. As Dr. McKenzie
said: "The hope, never stated publicly, is that it will have the effect of
bankrupting the really inefficient
parts of the British economy and
strengthening the really efficient
parts." But he also noted that successful conclusion of the present negotiations would see the entry not
only of Britain, but also of Ireland,
Norway and Denmark. The fact that
this would be a shot in the arm for
the Common Market itself may
strengthen the hand of the British
negotiators. □
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15 DAVE BROCK
TI/TANY THOUSANDS OF UBC GRADU-
-!-"■ ates are naturally delighted to
hear that the old stone cavern under
the Georgia Hotel has been opened
once more as a pub, after too long a
gap or lacuna. We spoke very little
Latin in my time at UBC, though like
the products of the pre-war English
public schools, we carried away the
impression that such a language did
exist, and this was a lot better than
nothing. A few of us even sang, in
Latin and in our cups at the
Georgia, "Gaudeamus Igitur,"
which of course is a genuine old
student drinking song of the genuine Middle Ages. To sing it at all
was considered a little odd even in
1929, but the right to be eccentric
and carefree had not yet been seriously threatened.
Mind you, my boon companions
and I wrote many of our own
drinking songs, in this pub that
was so old-fashioned that there was
actually enough light to read and
write in. We also wrote a very
solemn and hilarious kind of semi-
religious service for admitting a
worthy candidate as a Bachelor of
Beer (cum laude! cum funnia!). It
seems to me now that we were
always writing. In the eight years
that I was one of the Georgia's
most loyal regulars, I must have
written a thousand poems there. I
doubt if these brought me $250.
If they fetched on the average as
much as two bits apiece, and cost
on the average a buck of bock, the
balance sheet may not look too
good. I was losing six bits each on
the damned things.
16
But I learnt much by the good
and bad company I kept there, and
at least it kept me off the campus
and then away from the law office
where I was articled, thus saving
my eyes and brain from too much
reading. Mr. Dooley said he didn't
read books, he found them too stimulating and he could get the same
wrong ideas of life from drink and
in a less tiresome way. Robert
Burns, another graduate of ale as
well as whisky, tells us that a set
of dull conceited hashes confuse
their brains in college classes; they
gang in stirks and come out asses,
plain truth to speak, and synes
they think to climb Parnassus by
dint o' Greek. And this is what we
old doctors call first-degree Burns.
I spoke of good company. There
was, for instance, Fred Varley, the
great draftsman and painter, nominally of the original Group of Seven
but very much his own man. What
an inspiration he was! And not
least when I asked what time-limit
should be placed on most kids at
a serious art school, and he thought
slowly and well while he consumed
a whole bottle of beer, or maybe
two, and then said: "three weeks."
There were writers, musicians, actors from the local stock company
and touring players too. Actors are
much better company than you
might think, for all their vanity,
provided you can keep them off the
two subjects of their greatness and
of the shabby way they have been
treated. One of the merriest days I
ever spent in there was while entertaining the male half of the Shake
speare company from Stratford-
upon-Avon, birthplace of the man
who more than anyone else had
made London's Mermaid Tavern
what it was, and who died (they
say) from sleeping in an orchard
after a drinking-match against a
team from somewhere down the
Avon. . . Bidford, was it?
The previous summer in Stratford, when I was a raw 19, these
rough-living actors had tested me
by getting me to drink half a pint
in every pub in town, and after
about two gallons I developed an
alarming list to port and was floating very low in the water. Through
stark ignorance rather than any desire for revenge I found out in the
Georgia, much too late, that the
body-chemistry of Englishmen takes
time to acquire immunity to Canadian beer, and these harlotry players (as Mistress Quickly dubs
them) were no longer answering
their helms. When one of them
angrily bellowed "God's trousers!"
in a more than theatrical way, a
new hush fell on the old Georgia.
In fact, I believe the great hush got
up and walked out.
The old place had seen and heard
some strange things. It had seen
Joe Gavin the waiter, an Irish ex-
jockey and ex-boxer, ban a regular
for two months on a charge of
boring me. It had seen Red, another
waiter, try to mull ale with his
wife's electric curling-tongs. It had
seen Joe knock a man out for saying, "If I was to say all the things
I think you are ... if I was to say
all the things I know you are . . . I would be guilty of the most profane profanity . . . you rat!" It had
even seen a misguided rum-runner
pull his new machine-gun out of
its carton to show us what a sweet
job it was. But this kind of language
in the tones of Henry Irving was a
new breakthrough.
However, this astonishment was
nothing to mine when the man who
was to play Julius Caesar that night
went into a kind of coma two hours
before curtain time. We gave him
hot baths, cold baths, black coffee,
massage, and prayers. We took him
for a limp kind of walk that looked
like Baby's First Steps. At about
8:00 p.m. he roused himself a little
and opened one eye. "Thank God,"
said he, "for my first entrance my
Roman soldiers carry me on in a
litter."
Those of us who knew and loved
Joe Gavin never spoke of that pub
as the Georgia. To us it was "Joe's
Palace." When he bought a share
in a race-horse and disappeared,
the place never seemed the same
again. You never saw him without
feeling better for it, and of how
many men or women can you say
that? In the early 1930's there was
a famous lawsuit, with the plaintiff
claiming unlawful dismissal. He
lost, because a defence witness testified he was seen idling daily in a
Granville Street coffe-house called
the Honey-Dew, in the company of
notorious idlers like Dave Brock.
(Under our strange laws, it is perfectly legal to slander me inside a
courtroom, the statement being privileged.) If he had only been accused of idling in Joe's Palace, so
handy for the jury, they could have
stepped across the street to discover, if they didn't already know,
that Joe did most of us nothing but
good.
And even the notorious Dave,
scribbling away so industriously and
benignly, was hardly an emblem of
the deadly sin of Sloth. Far from
blunting myself in there, I sharpened my little wits, such as they were.
"Bless thy five wits!" says Edgar
in "King Lear." It could have been
the motto of the house, or at least
of the hollow under the stair where
my cronies sat. And it could never
have been the motto of any rival
house, at that period or any other
known to me.
Your five wits are your five intellectual powers: common wit,
imagination, fantasy, estimation, and
memory. It seems to me ours fared
well, and my memory is a dangerous one to bet against. Perhaps we
laughed too much. There was a
Fleet Street tavern where a waiter
praised G. K. Chesterton to Frank
Swinnerton: "Your friend very clever man. First he laugh, den he
write, den he laugh at what he
write." This is all very absurd as
the ultimate in literary criticsm. But
positive joy in creation is no drawback, and it was possible in Joe's
Palace, and I have nothing but
envy and gratitude for our laughing
selves of forty years ago. I could
do with a few laughs in 1970. □
Dave Brock, BA'30, writes widely
for magazines and for CBC radio
and television.
Dollars delivered when most needed
The Canada Life Assurance Company
17 ^-»»fc**-*SjS-*^M ***. '**' *> »V*«»» **»«
^hW*^-^WW*»i|>W
1%, ,' Stage Campus70
The smell of grease paint and the roar of the crowd.
The age-old lure of the stage still has its effect on
UBC campus where every summer students forsake
a life of leisure on the beaches for hours of toil on
the boards of the Freddy Wood Theatre. It's an annual program designed to immerse theatre students
in the practical side of theatre. Stage Campus 70
was almost a completely student project. Students
chose the plays, students did the acting, students
made the sets and costumes, students did the makeup, ran the lights and looked after all those 1,001
backstage problems without which there could not
be a good performance. The one exception to the
all-student rule was the directors, they were professionals: but students chose them. It was, from all
reports, a good summer season. Good off-campus
19 crowds were attracted to see the three plays,
Claude van Itallie's The Serpent, Christopher
Hampton's When Did You Last See My Mother?, and James Reaney's The Killdeer. And
the performances received from the critics
both words of criticism and words of praise.
But above all, Stage Campus 70 was a success as a learning experience for the students. That, in any case, was the real reason
the plays were staged. Q
Photography by VLAD Anatomy Of A
Schizophrenic
Party
The Anatomy of a Party
by Walter Young
University of Toronto Press,
Toronto, $8.50
ALLAN  FOTHERINGHAM
"socialists belong to movements, capitalists support parties."
A splendid phrase to start the hyperbole bubbling over sherry at the
faculty club. I can imagine it being
tossed into the midst of a group of
emaciated Bloomsbury undergraduates chewing on warm brown ale on
a wet Sunday afternoon. Or being
morosely ruminated on while the
airmail editions of the London papers are being crinkled in the reading room of the Vancouver Club.
Dr. Walter Young uses it provocatively as the first sentence in his
book and then builds from there. It
is the principle on which he bases his
study of that fated child of the Depression, the Cooperative Commonwealth Federation. It is why, he tells
us, the CCF could never "succeed"
in the common political definition
of the word. It was working at cross-
purposes with itself: it was both a
rather evangelical movement attempting to reform society and a political party whose primary aim must
be to gain power.
It was successful as a movement,
he judges, because so many of the
reforms it pushed were given to
Canadian society by older parties
forced to adjust because of the very
existence of the CCF. (What was the
cynical—but politically practical—
phrase attributed to Mackenzie King
—"Socialists are just Liberals in a
hurry"?) But the CCF was a failure
as a political party. That was apparent from the fact that it never achieved more than 16 per cent of the
popular vote. The tension between
these contradictory elements in the
CCF's makeup—the urge to reform
vs. the longing for power—existed
throughout its 29-year lifespan and
eventually brought its death when it
was swallowed by that promise of
union funds, the NDP.
Dr. Young is fascinating when
tracing the early idealism of the
movement, with its belief that the
New Jerusalem would be at hand
once the electorate was sufficiently
educated to its beliefs. The leading
figures in those days were either
teachers, clergymen or journalists—
three trades noteworthy for their
vain belief that they know what is
good for us.
The movement believed in the
myth of public rationality: "The CCF
never did accept the ramifications of
the Freudian revolution. It could not
do so, since its whole organization
basis was founded on the pre-Freu-
dian assumptions about the nature of
man."
There was an almost masochistic
atmosphere in those struggling early
years. The author points out that for
many, it was the party's relative failure that kept it going. For some, "the
success of the party lay in its providing a forum for the discontented and
the crank, whose delight in life was
to champion the lost cause or rail
against established order."
Dr. Young documents—for those
still retaining the illusion—that the
CCF was certainly not an agrarian
movement confined to the Prairies.
The doctrinaire socialists from B.C.
viewed the farmers for what they
were: frustrated petit bourgeois. The
party's support base may have been
in the West, but its control rested
among intellectuals in the East. In
fact, the CCF, for all its established
democratic structure, was in fact run
by an oligarchy. The ruling elite for
most of its lifespan consisted of the
same 12 persons.
This study provides us with the interesting insight that the 1939 war
probably saved the CCF from certain death. The fading movement had
been further weakened as the Liberal regime gradually adopted many
of the major CCF reforms. But the
war "provided a new panoply of
evils against which the forces of democratic socialism could be arrayed."
The general unsettling effect of war
on Canadian society, renewed interest in civil liberties and wartime profiteering provided a new climate for
party growth.
There's a valuable and timely insight into the character of David
Lewis, who most likely will become
the new leader of the NDP next
spring (and only the fourth leader in
the lifespan of the CCF-NDP.) He
21 emerges as a shrewd, tough urban
socialist in the European tradition
who clearly dominated the party from
1938 through to its finish in 1961
and certainly would have replaced
the courtly conciliator, M. J. Cold-
well, as leader if he had succeeded
in winning a seat in the Commons.
A complete pragmatist clearly impatient with some of the saintly,
dreamy Utopians from the Prairie
branch of the party, he could write
to a colleague in desperation:
"When, in Heaven's name, are we
going to learn that working-class
politics and the struggle for power
are not a Sunday-school class where
the purity of godliness and the infallibility of the Bible must be held up
without fear of consequences."
It was Lewis, convinced that the
CCF was merely treading water without a solid power base, who edged
the party-movement into the alliance
with the trade unions that formally
ended the life of the CCF. It is ironic
that he now seems to be within grasp
(reluctant, perhaps) of the formal
party leadership after his most energetic years were spent in dominance
behind the scenes. (It is demonstrated here how he even instructed the
then premier of Saskatchewan, Mr.
Douglas, "with a degree of condescension that was remarkable.")
Party vs. movement. The theme is
carried throughout. The goals of a
political party, we are told, are immediate "and the neglect or sacrifice
of principle has always been accepted
by political parties in order that power should be won or held." Robert
Fulford is quoted to the effect that
the Liberals and Conservatives are
like the Unitarian Church: "they require no acceptance of dogma, only
attendance." On the other hand, for
the pure movement "it is change and
not necessarily power that is desired:
hence principle may always be kept
pure."
One would have been happier had
the author examined, if only in passing, the CCF government of Saskatchewan and the British Labor party
in this light. Did the Regina government pass this test? Could one cite
the Harold Wilson government, with
its origins in the ideals of a "movement," as an example of principle
retained in pure form?
This is a thorough piece of work.
And we are left with a suspense ending (even a bit mischievous, perhaps,
despite the scholarly tone.) The book
22
dies as the CCF dies—and it died
because it could not reconcile its
idealist aims as a "movement" with
political reality. Left unsaid is the
obvious question: will the inheritor
of this idealism, the NDP with its
new-found financial muscle, sacrifice the ideals of a democratic socialist party if it sees power within its
grasp?
Allan Fotheringham, BA'54, is a
columnist with the Vancouver Sun.
Dr. Walter Young, BA'55, is head
of UBC's department of political
science.
An Insane
Project That
Built Canada
The National Dream
The Great Railway 1871-1881
by Pierre Berton
McClelland and Stewart,
Toronto, $10.
CLIVE COCKING
To Alexander Mackenzie, the
prim, granite-faced Leader of the
Opposition, the Prime Minister was
simply a "drunken debauchee."
To Edward Blake, the other
senior Liberal, Sir John A. Macdonald was "all bombast and humbug."
To his own sister Louisa, Macdonald was "one of the ugliest men
in Canada"—but she loved him.
So did most Canadians then.
They referred to him affectionately
as "old John A." A couple of Liberal back-benchers even preferred
Macdonald to their own leaders.
Cartoonists customarily caricatured
him as a kind of likeable rogue
with spindly legs and a potato-like
nose.
And he was a rogue. But they
forgave him. They forgave him his
political legerdemain, even his political sins—such as his part in the
Pacific Scandal, the famous agreement to give Sir Hugh Allen the
railway presidency in return for
help with election expenses. And
they forgave him his fondness for
the bottle. "I know . . . you would
rather have John A. drunk than
George Brown sober." Macdonald's
famous comment was so true.
That he attracted widespread
affection was undoubtedly due as
much to his very human failings as
to his irrepressible wit, warmth and
inability to harbor resentment. But
on reading Pierre Berton's excellent
new book, The National Dream,
the first of a two volume history
of the building of the Canadian
Pacific Railway, I suspect that Macdonald's daring pursuit of a nationalist vision was an even more important ingredient in his popular
appeal. Everyone seems to love a
gambler.
And there is no doubting the
fact that to build a transcontinental
railroad at that time, in one solid
drive and over an all-Canadian
route—through the muskeg of the
Canadian Shield, across the empty
Prairies, through the stone wall of
the Rockies—was a gamble. It was,
in fact, more than a gamble, as the
Liberals argued in Parliament. It
was uneconomic—a terrific financial burden to inflict on four million
Canadians—it was absurd, it was
insane. Documented with facts and
figures, Edward Blake hammered
these points home, as Berton,
BA'41, writes:
"The idea of the railway was insane, if you thought in terms of an
undivided continent; it was perfect
madness to try to punch it through
that sea of mountains and across
those Precambrian wastes. Immigration would not come as swiftly as
the government implied, and events
were to prove Blake right on that
point. The land sales would not pay
for the railway. It would be easier
and cheaper for everybody to go
west by way of the United States,
at least in the foreseeable future.
Logic, then, was on Blake's side."
Logic, reason, economics—these
were the grounds on which Blake
and the Liberal party argued against
the Canadian Pacific Railway project. They favored building the
railroad west in stages as the population warranted. They would be
content for the foreseeable future
to divert Canadian traffic through
the United States to Winnipeg, delaying pushing the railroad through
the rocky, muskeg country north of
Lake Superior until it was more
economic.
Macdonald vehemently opposed this approach, and had opposed it
ever since the beginning, in 1871,
of the long, drawn-out proceedings
that ultimately led to the launching
of the CPR a decade later. In his
view, the railroad must be built as
quickly as possible, on an all-
Canadian route and all the way to
British Columbia. Not logic, not
economics, but emotion, nationalism
—these were the reasons behind
Macdonald's railroad policy.
"Canada in the seventies," Berton
writes, "was an imaginative dream
more than a nation." And it was
Macdonald—not Blake—who possessed that dream. It was a dream
of a greater Canada, a Canada that
stretched from the Atlantic to the
Pacific. To old John A. the dream
could not be fulfilled without the
railroad. British Columbia would
join the United States. The Northern Pacific was inching its tracks
across the continent; soon it would
begin siphoning off economic activity from the Prairies and that
empty land would be grabbed by
the annexationists. If there was, in
fact, to be an independent Canada
the railroad had to be quickly flung
across the continent to tie the
young nation together. Macdonald's
decision was, in the end, fundamentally a political decision.
And the majority of Canadians
then were with Macdonald. Through
his National Policy—building the
CPR was as much a part of it as
the protective tariff—he was beginning to tap the first surge of Canadian nationalism. Fervent nationalism was, in fact, probably the
only consistent strain in Macdonald's
political makeup. That strain contained a hefty pinch of anti-Americanism, but there was no doubting
Macdonald's commitment to the
nation he had helped create and
without whose drive in pushing
through the railroad project would
probably not exist now. Had Blake
and the Liberals had their way
Canada would almost certainly have
been absorbed by the United States
-—first the empty west and later the
east—perhaps because it was uneconomic.
In reading The National Dream,
the parallels between that period
and today stand out in stark relief.
The game is still the same: survival.
It may, in fact, be a more serious
life-and-death game for the nation.
In this decade, Canada appears to
have reached a historical turning
point that may be even more critical for the future of the nation than
that faced by Macdonald prior to
the building of the railroad. With
the continuing sell-out of Canadian
corporations to American interests,
with the increasing American cultural penetration of Canada through
publishing and the universities, with
Canada under strong pressure from
the United States to join a continental energy sharing scheme, the days
of an independent Canada appear
numbered as never before.
Yet, true to the legacy of Edward Blake, the current Liberal
government seems obsessed with
the economics of retaining Canadian control over our national life.
We lack a government leader with
the same passionate commitment to
an independent Canada—and willing to take the risks required to
preserve it—as Sir John A. Macdonald displayed almost a century
ago.
Where are you John A. now that
we need you! □
One of CPR's first passenger
engines put in service arrives in
Vancouver from Montreal in 1886.
;^T7
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23 Full of sound and fury ... the Mariposa
Band, as sketched by A. G. Racey.
Reprinted  from Legate's 'Stephen
Leacock', Doubleday, Toronto.
The Ambitious,
Avaricious
Mr. Leacock
Stephen Leacock
by David M. Legate
Doubleday, Toronto, $9.25
TREVOR LAUTENS
I BEGIN WITH A CONFESSION.  I may
be a thief. I may have robbed part
of the Stephen Leacock archives. I
have in my possession these items:
(1) A manila folder bearing Lea-
cock's penned words, in large block
capitals, "My Discovery of the
West", which presumably contained
the manuscript for his book of that
name;
(2) Leacock's copy of a photograph of himself and other members
of an Orillia cricket team, date unknown;
(3) A book from Leacock's library that may well be unique, since
it bears the signatures of Leacock,
his son Stephen Lushington Leacock, and his brother George—three
of the funniest Canadians who ever
lived sharing the same flyleaf. And
if you think Stephen was funny, you
should know that the Leacocks
themselves thought George was the
funny member of the family.
I am not absolutely certain I stole
these items. Leacock's son, who can
be graciously generous, may have
given them to me. Whether technically they were his to give at that
24
time, 1956, is another matter. Anyway, the statute of limitations applies and I can now snarl defiance
at the law with impunity.
I treasure these modest souvenirs
from visits to Leacock's Old Brewery Bay home at Orillia, before the
town discovered that Leacock dead
was a merchantable item—a hell of
a lot less dubious an asset than the
living one had ever been—and enthusiastically launched, abetted by
the provincial and federal governments and the literati, the local
Leacock Industry.
The house in the mid-1950s was
sad. Long uninhabited, the property
had recently been sold to another
man of letters of sorts—Louis Ruby,
publisher of Hush Free Press, a
Toronto scandal sheet. The porch
sagged desperately. Books from
Leacock's scattered library could
readily be filched through broken
panes in the French doors. Chill
grey ghosts haunted the billiard
room where Leacock had taken on
cronies like Rene du Rour and
Gladstone Murrav (with whom he
had a game for 20,000 points that
ran 30 years; the score at Leacock's
death was 18,975 for Leacock,
17,793 for Murray).
All this has dramatically changed.
The house got a shaking up like
Leacock's fictitious Buggam Grange
and was opened to the public in
1958 as the Stephen Leacock
Memorial Home. Its director, Ralph
L. Curry, wrote the first full-length
Leacock biography, published in
1959. A number of Leacock's best
works are now being republished in
paperback for a new generation. The
post office issued a commemorative
stamp to mark the centenary of
Leacock's birth, Dec. 30, 1969.
And this year no less than four new
books concerning Leacock have
been published: Stephen Leacock,
by Robertson Davies, an astute,
concise paperback study; Feast of
Stephen, some of Leacock's lesser-
known essays, edited by Davies;
The Man in the Panama Hat, a
chatty reminiscence by Leacock's
niece, Elizabeth Kimball; and the
latest, Stephen Leacock, by David
M. Legate, a former Montreal Star
literary critic.
Mr. Legate's book lacks the perception and literacy of the Davies
paperback which, though brief, is
the best Leacock study. It also lacks
the density and slogging determina
tion of the book by Curry, a somberly orthodox American professor
of English. But Mr. Legate seems
to have done more footwork than
either, and in a popular and undemanding idiom has very valuably
expanded the picture of Leacock the
man. Legate's Leacock is fuller,
fleshier, more ambitious, more
avaricious, and carries more garden-
variety flaws than earlier Leacocks.
Legate's curiosity has produced
something more animated than the
twinkling-eyed professor stereotype
of his more uncritical readers.
Take, for instance, Leacock the
economics professor and department
head. In Curry, Leacock's competence is not seriously questioned;
one of his faculty is quoted, "We
prided ourselves—and the credit
was his—that we were the happiest
and most harmonious department in
the university (McGill)." But in
Legate's book, Leacock is rather
less esteemed by his peers; one, J.
C. Hemmeon, holds him in something very close to sardonic contempt. Nor were his lectures always
peppered with wit, although when
he became famous he wasn't above
putting on a show for classroom
tourists with an implied wink at his
day-to-day students.
Legate's Leacock also engages in
a franker pursuit of money and the
ample life, which he evidently considered no more than his due, than
readers disarmed by the twinkling-
eyed professor image might wish.
This Leacock energetically flogs his
material, is capable of sulking at
publishers who send rejection slips,
and especially in mid-career unhesitatingly dilutes the product to
(meet the market. Few writers could
have been told it more plainly by his
publisher than Leacock was in 1921
by John Lane, the English publisher: ". . . there's a very general
feeling, even in Canada, that you
are now writing snippets for high
prices." Legate says Leacock's income in his best year was a notch
below $40,000.
Legate reaches out gingerly to
touch an aspect of Leacock that has
been very inadequately explored, his
relations with women. He adds little
to what is known of Leacock's marriage, an apparently good but unremarkable match which ended with
the death of his wife from cancer
in 1925, when Leacock was almost
56. What is newly introduced is the fact that afterwards Leacock was
good friends, to the point of stirring
gossip in Orillia, with his wife's
friend, "Fitz" Shaw. A tantalizing
informal group shot suggests that
Mrs. Shaw was an exceedingly
pretty woman. When Leacock was
on his death-bed in 1944, Mrs.
Shaw came from Montreal to Toronto and took residence nearby to
be of assistance.
On the debit side, while Legate
offers a good choice of representative funny bits from the Leacock
canon, paradoxically he knows little
about humor. Typically, he quotes
Leacock's well-known remark about
his doctorate of philosophy: "The
meaning of this last degree is that
the recipient of instruction is examined for the last time in his life,
and is pronounced completely full.
After this, no new ideas can be imparted to him." With stunning incomprehension, Legate attributes
this superb witticism to "false
modesty". There are many such
curious judgments.
There are some lesser faults; it
would have been wise, for instance,
to avoid ending the chapter describing Mrs. Leacock's death with the
same Leacock quotation that Curry
in like manner employed. Legate
also allows himself to fall into a
parody that would have convulsed
the old master. He quotes a Montreal Star reviewer and then drily
remarks: "There was something to
be said for this point of view." A not
quite objective observation, for, as
the footnote at the back of the
book modestly reveals, the reviewer
whose point Legate cites with approval is himself.
But, to coin a phrase, we all
make mistakes—and speaking of
mistakes, it was reported in a series
of articles published in an Ontario
newspaper in 1956 that Leacock
was paid $15,000 for his book
Canada, the Foundations of its Future, commissioned by Seagram Distilleries. Legate states, and I think
his research certainly must be deferred to, that the figure was $5,000.
So much for this upstart, careless
Ortario hagiographer—and possible
petty thief—one T. Lautens by
name.
Not content with being Page Five
Editor and a weekly columnist with
The Sun, Trevor Lautens also now
admits to being a hagiographer. It's
just disgusting!
Gastown
Renamed Is
Still A Gas
Vancouver
by Eric Nicol
Doubleday, Toronto
$8.95
AUDREY DOWN	
Vancouver lovers who can take
their history with a grain of salt will
delight in Eric Nicol's tale of this
city. His latest book Vancouver is
offered as a serious history, with a
touch of wit.
Historians might find the levity
distracting, but for most readers it
is the easiest way to get through the
long chronicle of events necessary
in a detailed history of a city. With
Nicol, BA'41, MA'48, history is
never dead, and if it shows signs of
becoming so he soon livens it up.
While there is more misadventure
than adventure in Nicol's history of
Vancouver, he at least recreates
events of the past with vivid realism.
He lets you smell the smoking ruins
after the great fire of 1886, taste the
adventures of rumrunners running
south during Prohibition in the United States, and feel the utter futility
of trying to stage an epic battle in
this neck of the Douglas Fir. (The
only battle with Indians was with
East Indians—Sikhs—who drove
back a boarding party from their
ship with rotting garbage.)
Nicol writes from the point of
view of someone passionately in love
with the city. For residents and Van-
couverites away from home temporarily (who would leave permanently for any place but heaven?)
his description offers the chance to
revel in a superb rendition of what
they already feel. Those who have
never been here might think they
have stumbled upon the opening to
a grandiose novel by Ferber or
Michener when they read the first
chapters . . . except for those little
veins of humor which Nicol justifies
by the argument that Vancouver's
history is more ludicrous than heroic.
"Nothing has been fired in anger,
including the six head coaches expended by the professional football
team during its sixteen years of
struggle  to  appear contentious.   In
short, Vancouver's overture suggests not so much Wagner as Gilbert
and Sullivan."
How else would one explain the
official appointment of a Town Fool,
the erection of a public fountain
behind a wall of secrecy, or the
city's discovery of its cultural destiny
in the heart of Skid Road?
From Gassy Jack to present day
Gastown, Nicol has recorded both
major and minor events in the life
of the city. Among little-known facts
unearthed is the information that
Rudyard Kipling bought a lot here,
real estate promoters being one of
this region's most prominent groups
even before the CPR arrived. Another surprising revelation is that
Men's and Ladies' bars became segregated to protect innocent loggers
from ladies of fortune in the early
days.
Anyone who dispairs of today's
civic administration might be interested in the city's first mayoralty
race in which The Herald newspaper urged readers to "vote early
and often" for candidate Malcolm
Alexander MacLean. He won.
Nicol is superb when chronicling
events like the opening of bridges
and the closing of brothels, but
when it comes to important events
his history lacks perspective, to say
nothing of good taste.
He skips through the drama of
the Depression and radical action
taken by the unemployed, removal
of the Japanese during World-War
II, the typhoon disaster—with
hardly more space than is devoted
to funny accidents. It appears that
as a journalist-historian he relied
too heavily on scanning front pages
of newspapers.
Worse is his apparent inability to
change pace for even a paragraph.
He sums up U.S. president Warren
Harding's visit here in 1923 saying,
"Harding's response to the experience was to die a week later."
There was nothing to indicate Harding's death was due to the visit, so
this buffoonery was in the poorest
possible taste.
Few histories are as amusing as
they are informative, but must there
be a giggle in every paragraph? One
hopes that the next time Mr. Nicol
attempts history he will get someone
else to write the serious parts.
Audrey Down, a former Vancouver
Sun reporter, is studying political
science at UBC. □
25 alumni
•news
Vintage Class
Enjoys Reunion
university of b.c. alumni from all
over North America—from Cambridge, Massachusetts, to Nanoose
Bay, B.C.—gathered on campus in
October for Reunion Days '70.
More than 500 grads attended
the traditional festivities, which extended over a Friday and a Saturday. As ever, the class reunions
were the main attraction, giving
alumni a chance to renew contact
with friends from their student
days. The classes of 1920, 1925,
1930, 1935, 1940, 1945, 1950,
1955 engineering and 1960 commerce socialized and had dinner
together in an informal, friendly
atmosphere.
The reunion of the class of 1925
was a particular success, which was
only appropriate for one of UBC's
vintage years. A small, close-knit
group, the class of '25 was the last
class to graduate from the old Fair-
view Huts before the university
moved to Point Grey. From its
ranks came three universitv chancellors, one university president, a
federal cabinet minister and a score
of academics, doctors, lawyers and
businessmen.
Many of these were on hand for
Reunion Days '70. UBC President
Walter Gage, former UBC chancellor Mrs. Phyllis Ross, Simon Fraser
University chancellor Kenneth
Caple, and federal Minister of Public Works Art Lain? were there
mingling with their former classmates. Also present were Canon D.
P. Watney of the Anglican Church,
Stanley Arkley of Seattle, president
of Friends of UBC (USA) Inc., and
Dr. Masajiro Miyazaki of Lillooet.
The other university chancellor to
come out of the class of 1925 was
the late A. E. (Dal) Grauer.
26
Phonathon Chairman Frank Dembicki, BA'67 (right), consults with wife
Neeva-Gayle, BHE'67 (left), as she makes one of many calls during annual
telephone canvass of alumni. Two evening blitz raised $12,000.
Selkirk College
Remembers
Noakes
A   TWO-EVENING   TELEPHONE   BLITZ
—the annual Phonathon—has
boosted the Alumni Fund 70 by a
record $12,000. The Alumni Fund
direct total now stands at $141,000
with two months to go in the annual
campaign.
Close to 80 alumni volunteers
participated in the Phonathon on the
evenings of November 9 and 16.
For two hours each evening kept
the phone lines buzzing, urging
alumni who had not yet donated to
make a pledge. They contacted and
talked to about 1,200 grads.
The Phonathon is part of an
emerging pattern of success for
Alumni Fund 70. Chairman of the
fund campaign, George Morfitt,
BCom'58, commented: "Amazingly
enough, despite the economic climate donations to the Alumni Fund
today are ahead of last year, but we
still have many commitments to
meet. To me, this suggests an en
dorsement of the programs supported by the Alumni Fund."
In other news, the Alumni Fund
organization is coordinating the
Frank Noakes Memorial Fund for
UBC's department of electrical engineering. It is a specialized appeal
directed at UBC graduates in electrical engineering and members of
the public interested in electrical engineering education. The fund has
been established in memory of the
late Dr. Frank Noakes, head of the
department of electrical engineering
and acting dean of applied science
until his death in 1969. The intention is to set up a fund of $10,000
to be used to provide bursaries to
needy, academically qualified students in electrical engineering in the
expectation they will feel a responsibility to reimburse the fund at a
later date.
Fund-raising is currently well
underway. It was launched with a
$500 gift from the UBC 1970
graduating class and $100 from the
Engineering Undergraduate Society.
Recently Selkirk College contributed
$500 to the Frank Noakes Memorial
Fund as an expression of thanks for
assistance Dr. Noakes rendered the
college earlier. Alumni Opinion
Survey Planned
THERE     ARE     NOW     ENOUGH     UBC
alumni in the world to fill a city
bigger than Penticton, Alberni and
Trail combined.
In round figures the total is
54,000 alumni. While you can find
UBC grads all over the world, 70
per cent still live in B.C.; in fact,
44 per cent of them are still in the
Greater Vancouver area. Bet you
didn't know that before!
That's a lot of alumni — and
the number is growing by leaps
and bounds each year. The ranks
of alumni have been growing with
the university; enrolment at UBC
now stands at 20,800.
The UBC Alumni Association
has responsibilities to both alumni
and the university. Essentially, the
association exists to foster the de
velopment of the university and
of higher education in B.C. and to
keep alumni informed about developments at the University. To
fulfill these responsibilities to a
growing university and an ever-
expanding group of alumni, the association has grown to an operation
with a $200,000 annual budget and
a staff of 14.
In recent years the association has
endeavored to fulfill its role in a
variety of ways. They include: fund-
raising, providing financial assistance to worthy student and university intellectual, social and athletic programs, communicating with
alumni and the community, providing scholarships and awards,
conducting studies of higher education problems, and making representations to the provincial government. But the association is continually looking for new and improved  ways  of fulfilling its  role.
It is largely for this reason that
the association will be conducting
in the next few months, an opinion
survey of its members. Questionnaires will be sent to a representative sample of alumni seeking their
views  on  the  role  of  the  alumni
association — its successes, failures
and suggestions for improvement —
and on the role of UBC in higher
education.
Jack Stathers, alumni association
executive director, explains the
thinking behind the survey:
"Over the years many assumptions have been made about alumni
interests and the association's policies and programs have been built
on these. They have not been seriously challenged or tested. Maybe
these things are alright, maybe they
are not. Perhaps alumni don't even
care. But, they may care a great
deal. We don't know but we intend
to find out.
"The association's governing
board and the staff have initiated
this survey with the intention of
making changes in policy, programs
and structures to more effectively
serve alumni and the University.
We look forward to a good response to the survey and to the
changes   that   will   flow   from   it."
When the survey results are
known, they will be published in
the Chronicle, so that alumni as a
whole can enter into debate on the
future of the alumni association.
Anyone Can Get Clogged Encoders
CYBKRNI-TICS is Big all over now, but did you know that
behaviorist psychologists are already applying cybernetics
thinking to PFOPI.K as well as to computers and machines?
They say that with the ilood of information coming at people
from all directions these days we simply must start absorbing
it systematically. If we don't our channel capacities get flabby
and we can't input enough programming to cope. Our encoders
get clogged, we get feedback congestion and consequent overload and then our output whatsit blows up and we can't converse logically about hardly anything, and our friends think we
are losing touch. Too much information? By no means! Just
input for an hour or so every day the news you get in a good
paper like The Vancouver Sun and you'll have no cybernetics
trouble.
SEE IT IN THE
27 Commerce Alumni
Hold Meetings
we now know who some of the
real movers and shakers are among
alumni. They're the commerce
grads.
The Commerce Alumni Division
recently held two significant and
successful functions. The most recent was a reception Nov. 25 in the
Bayshore Inn attended by close to
200 commerce alumni and commerce faculty members. The feature
attraction was an illustrated talk on
downtown Vancouver development
by J. David Mooney, BA'61, president of Marathon Realty Limited.
Mooney spoke particularly about the
major new developments in False
Creek and Project 200.
On Oct. 24, the Commerce
Alumni Division staged an informal
discussion session with UBC commerce faculty and students. About
80 persons attended the session.
Participants engaged in a very spirited, wide-ranging discussion on commerce curriculm, faculty-student and
university-business community relationships.
Student Tutoring
Service Helped
STUDENTS STRUGGLING with Courses
now have somewhere to turn for
help on UBC campus. The UBC
Alumni Association, in cooperation
with the Alma Mater Society, has
opened a Tutoring Centre.
Thirty-five students, undergraduate and graduate, have signed on
to serve as tutors. Operating out of
the Student Union Building, they
are offering their services to all
students, but particularly to struggling first and second-year students.
Each tutor sets the cost of tutoring, but the centre recommends a
charge of $3 per hour. A registration fee of $1 is charged each student and tutor in order to maintain
the centre as self-supporting.
28
Student Jane Casselman (centre), dressed in new Young Alumni Club
sweatshirt emblazoned with new YAC symbol, finds two admirers in
students Jeff Gold (left) and Paul Johnson (right). YAC members can
buy sweatshirts for $4.25 each.
To Be Continued...
What's in a name—After 34
years, the extension department recently underwent a major
change in identity . . . it's now
called the Center for Continuing
Education now located
in UBC's newly-acquired St.
Mark's College on Chancellor
Boulevard.
PEOPLE IN THE CENTER
—Center director. Gordon Selman, BA'49, MA'63, is currently
at the Ontario Institute for
Studies in Education, Toronto, on
a year's study-leave. Selman received two awards for study and
research in adult education—a
W. L. Grant Fellowship at
O.I.S.E. and a Canada Council
grant. In the new year he will be
lecturing at the University of
Liverpool and the University of
Edinburgh.
PROVINCE-WIDE GOINGS
ON—A project aimed at improving B.C. local government sponsored by the Center and the
Union of B.C. Municipalities, has
received an $18,000 grant from
the Donner Canadian Foundation. The grant will be used for
a two-year educational program
for local government elected offi-
cials beginning early in '71 with
programs in Victoria and in the
Interior . . . Watch for the NFB
film "Penticton Profile". It's a
byproduct of the Center's Community Self Survey project in
Penticton, which was designed to
stimulate and involve local citizens in acting on community
problems.
THE TOPIC WAS WOMEN
in a special daytime program co-
sponsored with the Alumni Association this autumn in Vancouver. "A Matter of Choice:
Options for Women" offered a
serious opportunity to clarify personal goals. Oversubscribed, it's
planned again for the new year.
IRONS IN THE FIRE—The
Center's "Exploration in the Human Potential" continues in
January with Dr. Stanley Kripp-
ner, director of the William C.
Menninger Dream Laboratory,
Maimonides Medical Center,
Brooklyn, N.Y., speaking on
"ESP, Dreams and Altered States
of Consciousness." . . . Sometime
in February noted biologist Alex
Comfort will lead off a new "Humanities and Life Sciences" series
in Vancouver. .   Jo Lynn Hoegg letters to the editors
Error Corrected
Would you please bring to the attention
of your readers the misprint made in my
article on George Bowering, (Chronicle,
Summer '70). In the last paragraph on
p. 14 my original comment read "Many
of these poems are understated, and many
others stated baldly" . . . not "badly" as
your printer has rendered it.
This omission of one letter brings inconsistency to my article and does a serious injustice to Mr. Bowering. If I had
indeed believed that many of his poems
were stated "badly", I would not have
agreed to write such a piece.
Please make it clear that my value judgments about Mr. Bowering's work run
quite in the other direction.
Frank Davey, BA'61, MA'63,
Faculty of Arts.
York University,
Toronto, Ontario.
Fraternities Article Slanted
Perhaps if Keith Bradbury (author of "Joe
College's Last Stand". Chronicle, Summer
'70) had known more of what fraternity
life can be at UBC, he would have slanted
his article with less of a tilt. Fraternities.
or good ones, have always been more interested in quality of men, not percentages
of enrollment or dance attendances.
Associate professor of commerce, Dr.
Vance Mitchell, is obviously unobjective
as a researcher of the subject, since he
went through such "crap" to become a fraternity member. Greater than his need to'
research, is a course in basic English.
Ronald M. Melvin, B.Com'49,
(Alpha Delta Phi)
Chicago, Illinois.
Women's Lib Advice
I would like to express my reaction to
Kirsten Emmott's recent article in your
magazine on Women's Liberation (Spring
'70). I agree with the goals of Women's
Liberation to eventually make women
equal with men in legal, occupational,
religious and social domains. I agree that
there are many obsolete and ludicrous
laws pertaining to women in our society. I
agree that business, industry and the professions frequently excercise discrimination against women in employment. These
discriminations will have to be eliminated
if we expect to prevent a serious female
revolution! However, I do not agree with
many of the Women's Liberation practices. Noisy, disruptive demonstrations on
court house lawns, or Parliament building
stairs, refusing to wear make-up, deodorants and calling all men "sex racists" is no
way to effect any kind of permanent
change in women's status.
I suggest that there is sufficient evidence
of women's ability to perform in almost all
jobs which men normally do to convince
reasonable and rational government agencies, as well as the public in general, that
women's equality in the labor market is
essential. Female Supreme and County
court judges, lawyers, doctors, professors,
teachers, economists, and sales personnel
cannot be ignored as contributing to the
economy and welfare of the society.
As well, there is substantial anthropological evidence available which indicates
that men and women have the same potential to do almost anything. There are several societies where men and women, share,
almost equally, all the necessary duties
and  responsibilities  in  the  society. . . .
It is my view that a more effective way
of helping women achieve equality in our
society would be to take account of the
evidence of their contributions to industry,
business and the professions as well as the
anthropological evidence which shows
women and men have the same potential to do almost any kind of job.
Those of us who have collected the
anthropological evidence to substantiate
women's potential equality with men
have a great responsibility to make this
material available to the public. I would
implore other anthropologists concerned
about inequities between men and women
in our society, to collect their evidence—
then speak out! When a sufficiently large
number of people bring evidence to light
which shows the ludicrousness and absurdity of female subservience, then it
would seem that sexual equality would be
inevitable.
Pat Buckley, BA'66, MA'68,
Lecturer in sociology and
anthropology,
Columbia Junior College,
Vancouver.
Chronicle Commended
I wish to commend you and your staff for
the excellent job you are doing with the
Chronicle. My husband and I both look
forward to its quarterly receipt not only
in order to keep in touch with UBC, but
also because of the excellent general interest articles you have published in the
past year. . .
Mrs. Virginia Miller (BA'50)
Portage La Prairie, Manitoba.
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A MOST TRUSTED NAME IN TRAVEL
29 J. Ken McDonald
IT IS SOMETIMES SUGGESTED that One of
the greatest benefits of space research is
to be found in its "spin-off". Certainly
there has been a great deal; the flights
of the astronauts have spawned many
significant new technological developments. But recently there has been
some spin-off of a different nature from
a National Aeronautics and Space Administration laboratory. By a happy
accident a UBC graduate working with
NASA has made a discovery that may
prove of immense value in man's fight
against disease.
Dr. J. Ken McDonald, BSA'53, (MS
Purdue, PhD Oregon State) a biochemist at NASA's Ames Research Centre,
Mountain View, Calif., has isolated
one of the body's enzymes and determined that it can be used to determine
exactly the chemical structure of the
human body's vital proteins. The enzyme has been named dipeptidyl amin-
opeptidase, or DAP I for short.
The 40-year-old Vancouver-born
biochemist discovered the practical
value of this enzyme while conducting
basic studies with destructive tissue enzymes, particularly with regard to their
role in the body's response to the
weightlessness of space flight. These
enzymes are thought to be instrumental
in bringing about the deterioration of
muscle and bone seen in disuse atrophy—a potentially serious consequence
of prolonged exposure to weightlessness.
The importance of Dr. McDonald's
discovery is that his purified enzyme
can be used to disassemble the amino
acid chain of a purified protein.
Only about 20 different amino acids
exist in nature but, like the beads on a
necklace, any number and combination
of amino acids can be linked together
to form the various amino acid chains
that make up the different proteins of
the body. Generally, each protein
molecule is comprised of one long
chain of amino acids. The new enzyme
can take apart a protein molecule chain
one dipeptide link at a time, thereby
revealing its structure.
In a statement, NASA declared the
new tool had promise for direct medical and biological research applications. "Protein is the most common
solid material in the body," the statement said. "Protein molecules include
the all-important blood-clotting factors, certain hormones, disease-fighting
antibodies and enzyme catalysts known
to regulate a multitude of chemical
reactions in the body."
Dr. McDonald told the Chronicle
that DAP I, which he independently
identified in the pituitary gland, had
actually been discovered some 20 years
earlier in the spleen by Professor Fru-
ton of Yale who reported it under the
name of cathetsin C. Prof. Fruton,
however, did not discover its unique
capabilities. Dr. McDonald and his colleagues have discovered other peptide-
splitting enzymes, two of which they
call DAP II and DAP III.
In addition, Dr. McDonald said his
team has developed an extremely sensitive, fluorescence assay method that allows them to selectively assay for these
enzymes in the blood. "We think this
will be a very effective diagnostic tool,"
he said. "When internal organs are
damaged by tissue trauma, toxic agents,
or disease, these enzymes get into the
blood. We hope that this tool will
enable doctors to detect liver, kidney
and lung disease and various kinds of
organ damage by assaying for the presence of these tissue specific enzymes
in the blood."
20's
The class of '25 held their 45th reunion
in October and some of the class members who were unable to make the trek
to UBC sent along some lively notes on
their doings. . . . Robert W. Ball, BA'25,
MA'27, LLB(Georgetown), PhD(Illinois),
hasn't stayed retired very long. After
an official retirement from DuPont as
their foreign patent counsel last spring he
was admitted to the bar of the Delaware
supreme court and went back to work—
as deputy attorney general for the state
of Delaware. . . . Another one of the
class' lawyers James E. Eades, BA'25,
reports that he is now in private practise
with his son, Robert, BCom'62, LLB'63.
He retired as chairman of the B.C.
Workmen's Compensation Board two
years ago. . . . Kenneth A. Schell, BA'25,
reports that he is enjoying his retirement
after many years as an advertising executive with the Skagit Corp. He is still an
active community worker and finds time
for fishing and travel—but says that his
favorite occupation is just loafing at his
beach home. . . . Refining problems in
a sugar beet industry have taken William
Blankenbach, BA'28, BASc'29, to Afghanistan. Sponsored by the British department of overseas development he
will spend the next three months solving
operation problems in a refining factory
in Baghlan.
30's
"There's too many things to do to be
tied down to a routine all your life" said
Peter Grossman, BA'30—and did something about it. After 16 years as Vancouver's chief librarian he has retired
early to travel, play golf and fish. He is
not deserting the book world though, he'll
be working part time with a publishing
company. . . . Robert F. Sharp, BA'32,
DPaed(Toronto), was this year's recipient
of the Fergusson Memorial Award—the
highest award of the B.C. Teachers'
Federation. Dr. Sharp, who is superintendent of the Vancouver school district,
was cited for his service to education as
a teacher and an administrator. . . .
G. Frank Waites, BA'32, a consulting
actuary in San Francisco, has been elected president of the Conference of Actuaries in Public Practise—an association
for consultants in the U.S. and Canada.
This year's edition of Outstanding
Educators in America includes the name
of Gordon Danielson, BA'33, MA'35,
PhD (Purdue), a senior physicist in
the institute for atomic research at Iowa
30 State University. Selection for the annual program is on the basis of exceptional service to education in research,
teaching and administration. Dr Daniel-
son was named a 'distinguished professor' by Iowa State in 1969. . . . Former UBC dean of commerce and author of B.C.'s unpublished report on
higher education, G. Neil Perry, BA'33,
MPA, MA, PhD(Harvard), LLD'66,
is looking at a whole new set of problems in his new post of assistant deputy
minister in the federal manpower and
immigration department. He has been
B.C. deputy minister of education since
leaving UBC five years ago.
40's
A   top   engineering   award   has  been
made  to  Dr. Richard  A.  Montgomery,
BA'40, deputy manager of the Boeing
aerospace group. The award, from the
Institute of Electrical and Electronic
Engineers, is for leadership and outstanding technical management in Boeing's missile systems research. ... A
standing ovation greeted Stan Evans,
BA'41, BEd'44 at the representative assembly meeting of the B.C. Teachers'
Federation, which honored him for 25
years service to teachers and teaching
in the province. A past president of the
alumni association, he served as public
relations director before his current appointment as assistant general secretary of the BCTF. . . . Arthur T. Phy-
sick, BA'41, is now assistant vice-president, group sales with the New York
Life Insurance Co. in NYC.
Other people get gold watches and
testimonial dinners. In Manitoba it's
different—ask Anne DuMoulin, BA'43,
BSW'44, MSW'47. She's now a member
of the Order of the Buffalo Hunt and
has a small bronze buffalo on her desk
to prove it. The award was made to her
by the provincial government in recognition of her work as executive director
of the community welfare planning
council in Winnipeg for the past 18
years. . . . Robert E. Walker, BCom'47,
is president of a new Vancouver-based
advertising agency, Walker, Ricks, Eh-
rig Ltd.
After seven years with the Westchester Family 'Y' in Los Angeles, Ian
Anderson, BA'48, has moved to Tustin
as   general   manager    of   the   Orange
County YMCA Frank
S. Perry, LLB'48, has been appointed a
provincial court judge in Prince George.
UBC senate member, Ian F. Greenwood, BSA'49, general manager of Sun-
Rype Products, the processing branch
of B.C. Tree Fruits is now joint chairman of both companies.
50's
A former director of UBC's  10,000-
acre research forest, Robert E. Breadon,
BSF'50,   MSF(Duke),   has   been   named
vice-president, forestry, with the Coun
cil of Forest Industries of B.C. . . .
Geoffrey Cue, BA'50, BSW'53, MSW'60,
is the new community development director at the Vancouver Neighbourhood
Services Association. His department
provides resource services to local groups
and self-help projects in the Vancouver
area. ... J. Douglas Little, BASc'50,
has been appointed executive vice-president of Placer Development. . . . Tripoli
now has three resident UBC grads—instead of none. John F. Maguire,
BCom'50, is on a two-year assignment
with the United Nations development
program in Libya, on leave of absence
from Ottawa and the public service
commission. The other new residents
are Robert and Judy Reider, BASc'69,
(Stone, BEd'68), who are with Mobil Oil
in Tripoli. . . . Mrs. Marion MacDonald
Puil, BA'50, is now a staff member at
Centennial College in Toronto. . . . Roy
A. Stuart, BASc'50, MA(Dartmouth),
PhD(Princeton), is now chief staff
geologist with Standard Oil in Calgary.
Kaljo Pohjakas, BSA'51, MSA'59, is
in Iran, on the staff of the United Nations development program in Teheran.
. . . Denis R. T. White, BA'51, has been
appointed vice-president, administration
and finance with Lake Ontario Cement. . . . The head librarian at Mont-
clair State College in New Jersey, John
R. Beard, BA'52, BLS(Toronto), PhD(Co-
lumbia), was recently honored by the
New Jersey Library Association for his
contribution to the library profession in
the state. Before moving to Montclair
he was chief of the UNESCO libraries
rrm"
Export A
REGULAR AND KINGS
Pacific
Between the two of us
we've a lot of good things going.
Fine quality products from
FRASER VALLEY MILK PRODUCERS ASSOCIATION
31 development section in Paris. . . .
Dorothy Jean Kergin, BSN'52, MPH,
PhD(Michigan), is the new director of
the school of nursing at McMaster University.
Robert H. Jackes, BA'53, has been
appointed general manager, traffic, with
B.C. Forest Products. . . . Innes K. MacKenzie, MSc(West. Ont.), PhD'53, is
now head of physics at the University
of Guelph. ... Ian Pyper, BA'53,
LLB'54, recently appointed managing
director of Cantrans Services, is living
in Kuala Lumpur where he is supervising construction of a sawmill and
plywood plant. . . . Jack Austin, BA'54,
LLB'55, has moved to Ottawa to be
deputy minister of mines. . . . Mrs.
Robert Hoehn (Margaret Maier), BA
(Sask.), MD'54, has been appointed assistant professor of neurology at Columbia University. Since 1965 she has been
on the staff of the neurological institute
continuing her research on Parkinson's
and related diseases. . . . Diane Ryley,
BA'55, is now in Toronto as an analyst
and consultant with the Glidden Paint
laboratory.
One of UBC's great basketball stars
and a former Olympic team member,
John T. McLeod, BCom'56, is now
vice-president and general manager of
the Berol Corp. in Montreal. . . .
Another change of scene for John M.
Thomas, BCom'56—he leaves Vienna
and its waltzes for Tokyo and its traffic
jams. He is now Canada's senior trade
representative in Japan with the rank
of minister-counsellor.  .  .  . Ernie Kuyt,
Gordon Danielson
BA'57, an ecologist with the Canadian
Wildlife Service at Fort Smith, N.W.T.,
recently completed his masters degree
at the University of Saskatchewan. . . .
James R. Noble, BA'57, has been named
general manager of Yorkshire Trust.
Another first for UBC nurses—Alice
Baumgart, BSN'58, an associate professor of nursing, has been awarded a
$15,000 Milbank fellowship. She will use
the award over the next three years to
continue her work on the interprofessional educational programs being developed in UBC's health science faculties. . . . Franklin Leung, BSc'58, is
now on the staff of the operations bureau,
food and drug directorate at the federal
department of health and welfare in
Ottawa.  ... A former Athlone fellow,
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Telephone: 872-7844
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Member of Canada Deposit Insurance Corporation
Alice Baumgart
Thomas Nordstrom, BASc'58, became
B.C. Hydro's youngest division manager when he took over the computer
and management systems division during the summer. . . . George K. Rodgers,
MSc'58, PhD(Toronto), an oceanographer, is now a faculty member at the
University of Toronto.
Lahr, Germany, is home for the next
two years for Ruth and John Down,
BA'59, BEd'65, (Miller, BEd'66). John
has been appointed vice-principal of the
Canadian junior school at the Lahr
armed forces base. . . . Edward J. Smith,
BASc'59, MSc(Case), has been appointed
marketing manager with the process
computer department of General Electric in Phoenix, Ariz.
60's
Planning problems in Spain, Canada
and the U.S. Appalachian region are
current projects of Peter Bachelor,
BArch'60, MArch, MCP, PhD(Pennsyl-
vania). Last year he was named one of
two outstanding teachers at North Carolina State University. He is one of the
founders of an institute of environmental
design in Raleigh, for inter-disciplinary
teaching, research and continuing education in design-related fields. . . .
Robert S. K. Gibson, LLB'60, MBA
(Queen's), is now practising law with
the firm of Robertson and Black in
Bellville, Ont. ... A ceramic engineer,
Didercus Hasselman, BASc(Queen's),
MASc'60, PhD(Calif.), has been appointed an associate professor at Lehigh
University.
Edward S. Arnold, BSA'61, has given
up grape stomping and is now vice-
president operations with Andre's Wines
in Ontario. . . . John H. Goodwin,
BCom'61, MBA(UCLA), has been named
the founding president of the National
Society for Corporate Planning. . . .
Stuart Philpott, BA'61, MA'63, is teaching anthropology at the University of
Toronto. . . . Harold Ratzlaff, BEd'61,
MEd'64, has returned to Vancouver after
two years at the University of Oregon,
where he completed his doctorate in
educational psychology.
32 Like aerospace, hydrospace—the new
world under the sea is creating a whole
new set of specialists. One group is the
Undersea Medical Society—which recently elected John W. Brighton, BSc'62,
MD'67, to membership. Dr. Brighton is
currently diving medical officer at the
CFS Naden in Victoria.
Peter Dunlop, BASc'64, MSc, PhD
(Calif), is now chief soils engineer with
James P. Collins, a consulting firm in
Cambridge, Mass. . . . Gordon C. Eek-
man, BSc'64, BA'68, MSc'70, is on
the research analysis staff of the Defence
Research Board in Ottawa. . . . Styles
are changing in campus chaplains.
George Hermanson, BA'64, BD(Chicago)
is one of the newly-appointed campus
chaplains in the joint Anglican-United
campus ministry at UBC. Their plans
are unconventional—with no chapel, offices, bulletins or even the traditional
Sunday service, just an informal program
geared to current campus life. . . . Duncan R. Kerkham, BA'64, MA(Indiana),
PhD(UCLA), is teaching history at Colorado State College. . . . Mrs. Peter
Smith (Sandra Wood), BA'64, MA'67, is
an assistant planner with the firm of architects drawing up the plans for Stevenage New Town in Hertfordshire,
England. . . . William D. S. Earle,
BCom'65, has joined the B.C. mainland
agency  of Crown  Life  Insurance.
Sherwood S. Stutz, BSc(Humbolt),
MSc'66, is assistant professor of wildlife technology at Pennsylvania State
University. ... A Canada Council fellowship has been awarded to Philip Cot-
tell, BSF'66, MF'67, for doctoral studies
at the Yale school of forestry. Mrs.
Cottell (Donna Jones), BHE'67, is manager of one of the residence dining halls
at Yale. ... J. Keith Acres, BCom'68,
is now development sales manager with
the Yorkshire Financial Corp. . . . Mrs,
Gail Wertheimer (Margolese), BA'68,
has joined the editorial staff at McClelland & Stewart in Toronto.
70's
Sun-baked rattlesnake may not seem
much of a meal but when you haven't
eaten for two days it's at least chew-
able. That sort of delicacy is all part
of the program at the Keremeos Outward Bound School where Barry Hodgins, BPE'70 and Jack Miles, PE 4,
were instructors during the summer. The
school, which was started in Wales in
1941, attempts to develop character and
leadership in young people through a
rigorous outdoor program. The rattlesnake feast happened during a student's
'solo expedition'—where students have
to fend for themselves for three days in
the bush. One of the largest Outward
Bound schools is in Colorado, headed
by Joseph Nold, LLB'53, MA(Colum-
bia). . . . E. Barbara Taylor, BLS'70, is
assistant reference librarian in the Rhees
Library at Rochester University. . . .
Former AMS president David Zirnhelt,
BA'70, a graduate student in political
science is this year's recipient of the
Sherwood   Lett   Memorial   scholarship.
births
Mr. and Mrs. William L. Birney, BSc'63,
MA(Calif.), a son, Christopher John, Sept.
18, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . Dr. and Mrs.
Harvey Cherewick, BASc'62, MASc'63,
PhD(London), a daughter, Delphine Lisa,
July 6, 1970 in Grand'Mere, Quebec. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. William J. Dusing, (Marie
Mazurchyk, BA'67), a daughter, Elizabeth
Marie, Sept. 17, 1970 in Vancouver. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. William D. S. Earle, BCom
'65, (Caroline Hall, BEd'68), a daughter,
Teresa Margaret, Aug. 9, 1970 in Vancouver. . . . Mr. and Mrs. Harley J. Harris,
BEd'63, (Mary Babcock, BA'61, MEd'68),
a son. Harley John Sanderson, July 28,
1970 in Vancouver. . . . Brig.-Gen. and
Mrs. John A. McGinnis, (Carol Gregory,
BA'58), a daughter, Martha Jo, Sept. 9,
1970 in Concord, Ont. . . . Mr. and Mrs.
Ram Parkash Mahant, BASc'62, MASc
(Queens), (Edelgard Petzelt, BA'62, PhD
(London)), a son, Suntpaul Alexander,
Sept. 2, 1970 in Sudbury, Ont. . . . Major
and Mrs. Lark R. Murray, (Trudie Clark,
BSN'63), a daughter, Kerry Lynn, Sept.
6, 1970 in Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas. . . .
Mr. and Mrs. L. Ringdahl, (Elizabeth Mac-
Vicar, BEd'65), a son, Murray Bruce, Sept.
10, 1970 in Prince George, B.C '
. . . Mr. and Mrs. Harold Sandstrom,
(Donna Pritchard, PHN'64), a daughter,
Jocelyn Maureen, June 6, 1970 in Nanaimo.
marriages
Chen-Wing-Uberall. John Michael Chen-
Wing, BA'63 to Alice Anita Uberall,
BSN'61, March 28, 1970 in Terrace, B.C.
. . . Folk-Johnston. Robert Joseph Folk,
BEd'64 to Judith Pamela Johnston, BMus
'68, July 11, 1970 in Kelowna, B.C. . . .
Grogan-Barnett. George Stanton Grogan
to Norah Barnett, BA'59, July 2, 1970
in Vancouver, B.C. . . . Nielsen-Gaspard.
Darryl E. B. Nielsen, BASc'66 to Janet
V. Gaspard, BSc'70, June 6, 1970 in
Powell River, B.C.
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deaths
north,
south,
east,
west.
.... all over the map, as a
matter of fact—that's where
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Alumni Records
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Vancouver 8, B.C.
Please Print:
Name   	
(Maiden Name) 	
(Married women please note your
husband's full name)
Class Year	
Address   	
34
Michael E. Atchison, BSc'64, June 30,
1970 in Vancouver. He is survived by
his wife and parents.
J. Douglas Baird, BA'25, PhD(Washing-
ton), August 22, 1970 in San Francisco.
For many years he was a faculty member
in the European division at University
College, University of Maryland. Since
his retirement he lived in San Francisco
and is survived by his sister.
Mrs. Carl F. Barton (Magdalene Aske),
BA'24, Oct. 16, 1970 in West Vancouver.
For more than 30 years her program,
Listening Is Fun, was part of the CBC's
radio school broadcasts. She is survived
by her husband, Carl. BASc'26, BEd'54,
a sister, Jessie (Mrs. James Eades).
BSN'29, a brother and three daughters,
Joan (Mrs. C. Anastasiou), BA'51, MA
'54, BLS'69, Brenda and Lynn.
Alice Bell, BA'53, October 17, 1970 in
Vancouver. She was a retired teacher and
is survived by four sisters and a brother.
Lloyd Lawrence Bolton, BA'22, MA'24,
PhD(Cornell), April 25, 1970 in Santa
Clara, Calif. He retired in 1965 as head
of the biology department at the University of Santa Clara and is survived by his
wife (Mary Pittendrigh, BA'24) and a
sister.
Wayne A. Brogan, BA'63, accidently
May 1970, in Vancouver. He is survived by his parents.
Mrs. R. G. Gahagan (Marion Casselman),
BA'32, BHE(Manitoba), July 31, 1969
in White Rock, B.C. Before her marriage
she was a home economist with the department of agriculture in Ottawa and
later with the Vancouver Province. She
is survived by her husband, two daughters,
brother and sister, Jessie, BA'23.
John Ackland Gillies, BASc'41, Oct. 19,
1970 in Vancouver. For 18 years he was
with Canadian Pacific Airlines as chief
engineer and later as director of maintenance and engineering. A professional
engineer, he was a past regional president
cf the Canadian Areonautical and Space
Institute. He is survived by his wife, son
and brother, Brodie, BA'36, BASc'36.
Harold Dark Goard, BA'44, BEd'56, Oct.
17, 1970 in Vancouver. A long-time teacher in Vancouver, he is survived by his
wife, son and two daughters.
John Allan (Jack) Grant, BA'24, Aug. 27,
1970, in Seattle, Wash. One of the original
Great Trekkers and a former AMS president, he also served the university as
president of the alumni association and as
an active member of the Friends of UBC
in the United States. After graduation he
began his career-long association with
newspapers, both in Canada and the U.S.
In 1938 he became circulation manager
of the Seattle Times, retiring 26 years
later. He is survived by his wife (Helen
Turpin, BA'24), a daughter and a sister.
Mrs. A. J. Heatherington (Paraschiva),
BEd'67, Jan. 2, 1970 in Haney, B.C. She
is survived by her husband.
Thomas Robert Hubbard, BSF'50, July 3,
1970 in West Vancouver. A forester with
the B.C. Forest Service, he is survived by
his wife.
Arthur F. Hurt, BEd'60, MEd'64, July 6,
1970 in Surrey, B.C. He was principal of
William Beagle School in Surrey and is
survived by his wife and two sons.
Gordon Edward Johnson, BA'40, BEd'44,
MEd'64, Sep. 1970 in Duncan, B.C. A
district supervisor with the provincial department of education, he is survived by
his wife.
Lionel Jacques S. Metford, BA'41, MA'47,
PhD(Sorbonne), Aug. 18, 1970 in London,
Ont. During the more than 20 years that
Professor Metford was a faculty member
at the University of Western Ontario he
was responsible for several innovations in
the teaching of French. He developed the
university's language laboratory system
and was one of the first to use television
to teach oral French to the public. He is
survived by his wife (Deborah Aish, BA
'35, MA'36, PhD(Sorbonne), a daughter
and three sons, his mother and sister,
Lynette (Mrs. L. Rodgers), BA'48.
Mrs. June Blundell Mitchell, BA'49, Jan.
1969, in Dallas, Tex. She is survived by
her father and brother.
James St. George Mitchell, BA'36, BASc
'36, July 13, 1970 in North Vancouver.
A chemical engineer with the FMC Chemical Co. in Squamish, he is survived by his
wife, son. daughter and sister.
Mrs. Henry B. Morley (Mary Catherine
Astell), BA'24, April 1970 in Penticton,
B.C.
George Carl Olson, BASc'41, Sept. 8,
1970 in Toronto, Ont. For almost 30
years he was associated with the Canadian
steel industry, most recently as vice-president of Dominion Steel and Coal Corp.
He is survived by his wife.
Donald F. Purves, MBE, BCom'34, MSc
(Columbia), Sept. 16, 1970 in Edmonton,
Alta. He had two careers — one with the
army, the other with the Canadian National Railway. He served in the Second World
War and after the war, with the rank of
colonel, as director of the army budget.
His CN career began as an undergraduate,
with a summer job as assistant purser on
the CN coastal ships. He was with CN
before and immediately after the war,
rejoining the company in 1959 as chief
of development. Most recently he was vice-
president of the mountain region. He is
survived by his wife and sister, Margaret
(Mrs. W. McGill), BA'33.
Lyle Reid Sutton, BCom'66, May 19,
1970 in Burnaby, B.C. He is survived by
his parents.
Edna May Taylor, BA'16, Aug. 17, 1970
in Vancouver. For more than 40 years
she was a teacher with the Vancouver
School Board.
Stuart John Terhune, BASc'31, Sept. 2,
1970 in Ontario. A mining engineer with
Denison Mines in Elliot Lake, he is survived by a brother and nephew, Stuart
Joseph, BSc'67.
Bertram R. Tupper, BASc'28, Oct., 1970
in Vancouver. A former vice-president and
chief engineer with the BC Telephone Co.,
he was responsible for much of the extension and development of the coastal
communications network, including much
of the major planning of the B.C. section
of the trans-Canada microwave system.
He is survived by his wife (Dorothy E.
Brown, BA'27), two brothers, a son and
daughter. D sheb the life of the party
the httle lady - you're in good company.
This advertisement is not published or displayed by the L
'quor Control Board or by the Government of Br
itish Columbia Savings Deposit Services
Term Investment Certificates
Estate Planning and Administration
Mortgage Administration
Yorkshire Growth Fund
Yorkshire Personal Loans —
as agent for a Canadian Chartered Bank
Registered Retirement Savings Plans
Investment Management Services
Pension Fund Administration
Real Estate Sales and Administration
YORKSHIRE TRUST COMPANY
900 W. PENDER STREET - VANCOUVER 1. B.C., 685-3711

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