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Journal of a voyage to the South Seas, in his Majesty's ship, the Endeavour Parkinson, Sydney, 1745?-1771 1773

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O     Y    A
Having given a plate, containing principally the figures of the New-Zealand
houfehold and warlike Instruments,, it may be proper here to give a defcripfion
of them.    [See pi. XXVIJ
Fig. I. An Ornament for the Neck, made of three round pieces of Auris Marina, or
ear-fliell, the infide of which is a beautiful coloured pearl. Thefe pieces are
notched on the edges, and fining on a piece of plaited tape, made of white
flax, and coloured red. It hangs loofely about the neck, and is two feet, eight
inches and a half long.
2. One of their common Paddles; when ufed it is held by one hand at the top of
the handle, in which there is a hole, and by the other at the bottom, where
it is carved very neatly, being five feet, nine inches and a half long.
3. A Fim-hook, made of wood, and pointed with bone, which is tied on with
twine ; three inches and three quarters long.
4. A  ■m- TO     THE     SOUTH     S   B   A   &
4. A Fifh-hook, made of two pieces of bone tied together j the line is fattened both
at top and bottom: and, to the latter part, they tie fome fmall feathers..   The
length of this hook is 4 f inches.
5. A Fifh-hook, made of wood, pointed with bone ; about two inches and a half
6. A large Fifh-hook, made of wood, and pointed with bone, having the end, to
which the line is fattened, curioufly carved ; eight inches and a half long.
7. A Fifh-hook, made of human bone; one inch and a quarter long.
8. A Fifh-hook, made of wood, pointed with {hell; five inches § in length.
9. A Fifh-hook, made of wood, and pointed with a fubttance that looked like
one part of the beak of a fmall bird; two inches and a half long.
10. A Fifh-hook, made of wood, and pointed with bone j three inches and a half
"II. A Fifh-hook, made of bone j one inch and a quarter long.
12. An Ornament made of bone, probably of fome deceafed relation, and worn in
the ear j one inch and three quarters long.
13. and 14.   are treated of in the accounts  of Terra del Fuego and New-Holland.
15. A piece of Wood, part of the head of a canoe, fingularly carved j nine inches
and a quarter in length.
16. A favourite. Ornament, which refembles a human face, made of Wood, coloured red, and is much like fome of the Roman mafks.   The eyes are made
§ of V lit AVOYAGE
of the fine coloured ear-fhell mentioned No. r, laid into the wood.    This was
- fix inches long ; but they have different fizes.    Some of the fmaller ones have
. .handles  carved very ingenioufly; thefe they frequently  held up when they
approached the fhip: perhaps it may be the figure of fome idol which they
ij, 18, and 19, are Figures of Patta-pattoos, or War-bludgeons. They have holes
in the handles of them, through which a firing is patted and tied round the
wrift when they make ufe of them. Numbers 17 and 19, are made of wood ;
"the former is about fourteen inches long, and the latter twelve. Number 18
is about fourteen inches in length, made of a hard black ftone, a kind of
bafaltes, and fimilar to the ftone of which the Otaheiteans pafte-beaters and
hatchets are made.
20. Is a kind of Battle-axe, ufed either as a lance or as a patta-pattoo. The length
of thefe is from five to fix feet. The middle part of them is very ingenioufly
21. An Ivory Needle, made of the tooth of fome large marine animal, with which
they fatten on their cloaks- This is about fix inches $ in length; but they have
of various fizes; and fome of them are made of' the circular edge of the ear-
fhell mentioned in No. 1.
22. An Inftrument made of the bone of fome large animal, probably of a grampus*
which is ufed fometimes as a paddle, and at others as a patta-pattoo, and is
about five feet long.
23. A Wedge or Chifel, made of the green ftone, orPoonammoo, as they call it,
and fometimes of the Bafaltes. Thefe wedges they fometimes tie to a wooden
handle, and then ufe them as hatchets and hoes. They are of various fizes,
from one to eight inches in length.
24. A Whittle, made of wood, having the out-fide curioufly carved. Befides the
mouth-hole they have feveral for the fingers to play upon.    Thefe, which are
worn TO     THE     SOUTH     SEAS. 131
worn about the neck, are three inches and a half in length, and yield a fhrill
A Trumpet, nineteen inches and a half in length, made of a hard brown
wood, which they fplit, and carefully hollow out each fide fo as to fit neatly
again, leaving an edge on each fide ; and joining them together, they are bound
tight with withes made of cane : it is broadeft in the middle, which is rather
flat, and gradually tapers to the ends that are open. In the middle of it there
is a large hole which reprefents the mouth of a figure fomewhat like a human
one, having hands and feet, the parts of which are carved round the inftru-
ment : the head is not unlike the mafk, -No. 16. Another fuch likemafk is
alfb carved near one end of the trumpet.    They produce a harfh fhrill found.
26. Is fpoken of in the account of the people of Terra del Fuego.
27. A lingular kind of hand-fcoop, or water-bailer, made of one piece of wood :
the handle of it proceeds from the edge and hangs over the middle, and both
it and the edge are very ingenioufly carved. It is about eleven inches long,
eight inches wide, and near fix inches deep under the handle.
28. The head of a fpear, made of bone, about fix inches in length.
S 2


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