UBC Research Data

HART - 2016 Census of Canada - Selected Characteristics of Census Households for Housing Need - Canada, all provinces and territories at the Census Division (CD) and Census Subdivision (CSD) level [custom tabulation] Statistics Canada


For more information, please visit HART.ubc.ca. </p>

<h3>Housing Assessment Resource Tools (HART)</h3> </p>

This dataset includes 18 tables which draw upon data from the 2016 Census of Canada. The tables are a custom order and contains data pertaining to core housing need and characteristics of households. 17 of the tables each cover a different geography in Canada: one for Canada as a whole, one for all Canadian census divisions (CD), and 15 for all census subdivisions (CSD) across Canada. The last table contains the median income for all geographies. Statistics Canada used these median incomes as the "area median household income (AMHI)," from which they derived some of the data fields within the Shelter Costs/Household Income dimension. </p>

Included alongside the data tables is a guide to HART's housing need assessment methodology. This guide is intended to support independent use of HART's custom data both to allow for transparent verification of our analysis, as well as supporting efforts to utilize the data for analysis beyond what HART did. There are many data fields in the data order that we did not use that may be of value for others. </p>

The dataset is in Beyond 20/20 (<i>.ivt</i>) format. The Beyond 20/20 browser is required in order to open it. This software can be freely downloaded from the Statistics Canada website: https://www.statcan.gc.ca/eng/public/beyond20-20 (Windows only). For information on how to use Beyond 20/20, please see: http://odesi2.scholarsportal.info/documentation/Beyond2020/beyond20-quickstart.pdf https://wiki.ubc.ca/Library:Beyond_20/20_Guide </p>

<u><b>Custom order from Statistics Canada includes the following dimensions and data fields:</b></u> </p>

<b>Geography: </b><br /> - Country of Canada, all CDs & Country as a whole<br /> - All 10 Provinces (Newfoundland, Prince Edward Island (PEI), Nova Scotia, New Brunswick, Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta, and British Columbia), all CSDs & each Province as a whole<br /> - All 3 Territories (Nunavut, Northwest Territories, Yukon), all CSDs & each Territory as a whole<br /> <em>The global non-response rate (GNR) is an important measure of census data quality. It combines total non-response (households) and partial non-response (questions). A lower GNR indicates a lower risk of non-response bias and, as a result, a lower risk of inaccuracy. The counts and estimates for geographic areas with a GNR equal to or greater than 50% are not published in the standard products. The counts and estimates for these areas have a high risk of non-response bias, and in most cases, should not be released.</em> </p>

<b>Universe:</b><br /> Full Universe: <br /> Private Households in Non-farm Non-band Off-reserve Occupied Private Dwellings with Income Greater than zero.<br /><br /> Households examined for Core Housing Need: <br /> Private, non-farm, non-reserve, owner- or renter-households with incomes greater than zero and shelter-cost-to-income ratios less than 100% are assessed for 'Core Housing Need.' Non-family Households with at least one household maintainer aged 15 to 29 attending school are considered not to be in Core Housing Need, regardless of their housing circumstances. </p>

<b>Data Fields:</b><br /> <i>Note: Certain data fields from the original </i>.ivt<i> files were not included in the </i>.csv<i> extracts. Those data fields have been marked with an asterisk (*) below.</i><br /><br /> <b>Housing indicators in Core Housing Universe (12)</b><br /> 1. Total - Private Households by core housing need status*<br /> 2. Households examined for core housing need<br /> 3. Households in core housing need<br /> 4. Below one standard only*<br /> 5. Below affordability standard only*<br /> 6. Below adequacy standard only*<br /> 7. Below suitability standard only*<br /> 8. Below 2 or more standards*<br /> 9. Below affordability and suitability*<br /> 10. Below affordability and adequacy*<br /> 11. Below suitability and adequacy*<br /> 12. Below affordability, suitability, and adequacy*<br /> </p>

<b>Tenure Including Presence of Mortgage and Subsidized Housing; Household size (13)</b><br /> 1. Total - Private households by tenure including presence of mortgage payments and subsidized housing*<br /> 2. Owner*<br /> 3. With mortgage*<br /> 4. Without mortgage*<br /> 5. Renter*<br /> 6. Subsidized housing*<br /> 7. Not subsidized housing*<br /> 8. Total - Household size<br /> 9. 1 person<br /> 10. 2 persons<br /> 11. 3 persons<br /> 12. 4 persons<br /> 13. 5 or more persons household<br /> </p>

<b>Shelter costs groups/statistics (20)</b><br /> 1. Total – Private households by household income proportion to AMHI_1<br /> 2. Households with income 20% or under of area median household income (AMHI)<br /> 3. Households with income 21% to 50% of AMHI<br /> 4. Households with income 51% to 80% of AMHI<br /> 5. Households with income 81% to 120% of AMHI<br /> 6. Households with income 121% or more of AMHI<br /> 7. Total – Private households by household income proportion to AMHI_2*<br /> 8. Households with income 30% and under of AMHI*<br /> 9. Households with income 31% to 60% of AMHI*<br /> 10. Households with income 61% or more of AMHI*<br /> 11. Total – Private households by shelter cost proportion to AMHI_1*<br /> 12. Households with shelter cost 0.5% and under of AMHI*<br /> 13. Households with shelter cost 0.6% to 1.25% of AMHI*<br /> 14. Households with shelter cost 1.26% to 2% of AMHI*<br /> 15. Households with shelter cost 2.1% to 3% of AMHI*<br /> 16. Households with shelter cost 3.1% or more of AMHI*<br /> 17. Total – Private households by shelter cost proportion to AMHI_2*<br /> 18. Households with shelter cost 0.75% or under of AMHI*<br /> 19. Households with shelter cost 0.76% to 1.5% of AMHI*<br /> 20. Households with shelter cost 1.6% or more of AMHI*<br /> </p>

<b>Selected characteristics of the households (61)</b><br /> 1. Total - Private households by presence of at least one or of the combined activity limitations (Q11a, Q11b, Q11c or Q11f or combined)<br /> 2. Household has at least one person who had at least one or of combined activity limitations reported for Q11a, Q11b, Q11c or Q11f <br /> 3. Total – Private households by presence of at least one or of the combined activity limitations (Q11d or Q11e or combined)<br /> 4. Household has at least one person with activity limitations reported for Q11d and Q11e or combined Q11d and Q11e health issues<br /> 5.Total - Private households by household type including census family structure*<br /> 6. Census family households*<br /> 7. One-census-family households without additional persons*<br /> 8. One couple census family without other persons in the household*<br /> 9. Without children*<br /> 10. With children*<br /> 11. One lone-parent census family without other persons in the household*<br /> 12. One-census-family households with additional persons*<br /> 13. One couple census family with other persons in the household*<br /> 14. Without children*<br /> 15. With children*<br /> 16. One lone-parent census family with other persons in the household*<br /> 17. Multiple-family households*<br /> 18. Non-census-family households*<br /> 19. Non-family households: One person only*<br /> 20. Two-or-more person non-census-family household*<br /> 21. Total - Private households by Aboriginal household status*<br /> 22. Aboriginal household status*<br /> 23. Total - Private households by visible minority households<br /> 24. Visible Minority households<br /> 25.Total - Sex of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 26. PHM is male*<br /> 27. PHM is female<br /> 28. Total - Private households by Aboriginal identity of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 29. PHM is Aboriginal<br /> 30. Total - Visible minority status of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 31. PHM is a visible minority*<br /> 32. PHM is Chinese*<br /> 33. PHM is South Asian*<br /> 34. PHM is Black<br /> 35. PHM is a Filipino*<br /> 36. PHM is Latin American*<br /> 37. PHM is Southeast Asian*<br /> 38. PHM is an Arab*<br /> 39. PHM is West Asian*<br /> 40. PHM is Korean*<br /> 41. PHM is Japanese*<br /> 42. PHM is a visible minority*, n.i.e. <em>The abbreviation 'n.i.e.' means 'not included elsewhere.' Includes persons with a write-in response such as 'Guyanese,' 'West Indian,' 'Tibetan,' 'Polynesian,' 'Pacific Islander,' etc.</em><br /> 43. PHM is multiple visible minorities*<br /> 44. PHM is not a visible minority*<br /> 45. Total - Private households by immigrant status and period of immigration of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 46. PHM is an immigrant*<br /> 47. PHM is a recent immigrant (immigrated between 2011 and 2016)<br /> 48. Total – Immigrant status and admission category of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 49. PHM immigrated between 1980 and 2016*<br /> 50. PHM immigrated with a refugee status<br /> 51. Total – Private households by admission category and recent immigration status of the primary household maintainer (PHM)*<br /> 52. PHM is admitted with a refugee status between 2011 and 2016 period of immigration*<br /> 53. Total - Private households by household family type of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 54. PHM is a female lone-parent<br /> 55. Total – Private households by age group of the primary household maintainer (PHM)<br /> 56. PHM is under 24 years<br /> 57. PHM is between 15 to 19 years*<br /> 58. PHM is between 20 to 24 years*<br /> 59. PHM is between 65 years and over<br /> 60. PHM is between 65 to 84 years*<br /> 61. PHM is between 85 years and over<br /> </p>

<b>Median income (2)</b><br /> 1. Number of households<br /> 2. Median income of household ($)<br /> <em>The household median income in the custom tabulation were estimates from a 25% sample-based data that have undergone weighting. These weights were applied to the sample data to produce estimates from the census long-form sample. The incomes used were drawn from the previous tax year, and therefore represent 2015 dollars.</em><br /> </p> <br />

<u><b>File list (38 total):</b></u> </p>

Original data files (18):<br /> 1. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.1 (Canada)_revised.ivt<br /> 2. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.2 (CDs)_revised.ivt<br /> 3. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.3 (BC_CSDs)_revised.ivt<br /> 4. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.4 (Ontario_CSDs_2016)_revised.ivt<br /> 5. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.9 (AB_CSDs)<br /> 6. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.10 (Manitoba & CSDs)<br /> 7. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.11 (Sask_CSDs)_2016_revised<br /> 8. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.12.1 (Quebec & CSDs (2401023 to 2434135)<br /> 9. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.12.2 (Quebec & CSDs (2435005-2466107)<br /> 10. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.12.3 (Quebec & CSDs (2466112 to 2499140)<br /> 11. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.13 (NFL_CSDs)<br /> 12. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.14 (PEI_CSDs)<br /> 13. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.15 (NS_CSDs)<br /> 14. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.16 (NB_CSDs)<br /> 15. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.17 (YT_CSDs)<br /> 16. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.18 (NWT_CSDs)<br /> 17. ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.19 (NU_CSDs)<br /> 18. 2016 Median income_all geographies.ivt<br /> </p>

Excel (<em>.csv</em>) files containing a subset of data fields are included with the original <em>.ivt</em> data files that were exported out of Beyond 20/20 for use in a spreadsheet. The <em>.csv</em> files have been arranged for cross-tabulation as used by the Housing Assessment Resources Tools (HART) project team to perform their housing need assessment: </p>

Excel (.csv) file names (18):<br /> 1. 2016_Canada.csv<br /> 2. 2016_Canada_CD.csv<br /> 3. 2016_BC_CSD.csv<br /> 4. 2016_ON_CSD_Rev1.csv<br /> 5. 2016_Alberta_CSD.csv<br /> 6. 2016_Manitoba_CSD.csv<br /> 7. 2016_SK_CSD_Rev1.csv<br /> 8. 2016_QC_1of3_CSD.csv<br /> 9. 2016_QC_2of3_CSD.csv<br /> 10. 2016_QC_3of3_CSD .csv<br /> 11. 2016_NFLD_CSD.csv<br /> 12. 2016_PEI_CSD.csv<br /> 13. 2016_NS_CSD.csv<br /> 14. 2016_NB_CSD.csv<br /> 15. 2016_Yukon_CSD.csv<br /> 16. 2016_NWT_CSD.csv<br /> 17. 2016_Nunavut_CSD.csv<br /> 18. 2016_Median_HH_income_all geographies.csv<br /> </p>

Dimension and field-level metadata can be found in the <em>.ivt</em> data files which are only accessible when opened in Beyond 20/20. Metadata from the "ORD-05563-K2P1Y6_CT.3 (BC_CSDs)_revised.ivt" file has been extracted and compiled within a spreadsheet for reference outside of Beyond 20/20. </p>

Sample metadata file name (1):<br /> 1.HART data order - Census 2016 - Sample Metadata.csv<br /> </p>

Housing Needs Assessment Methodology guide (1):<br /> 1. HNA-Methodology.pdf <br/> </p> (2022)

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