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Data from: Lythrum salicaria common garden under Neogalerucella herbivory Stastny, Michael; Sargent, Risa; Russell-Mercier, Jake



We transplanted1088 seedlings of the invasive perennial plant Lythrum salicaria (purple loosestrife), from 136 maternal families sourced from 17 populations in the region around Ottawa, Canada, into a common garden containing 4 plots. The 17 populations differed in their prior exposure to the biocontrol agent Neogalerucella spp. leaf beetles (naïve = no prior exposure; recent = secondary colonization, ~5-15 years; release = sites of biocontrol release, ~20 years ago). Plants were planted in a wetland containing other Lythrum plants and experienced ambient (but significant) herbivory by Neogalerucella spp. leaf beetles. We measured herbivory, plant size and biomass over a period of 3.5 years; see the publication for more details. This experiment used the same seed material as a previously published greenhouse study by Stastny & Sargent 2017 (see below). Additional datasets, such as the proportion and phenology of flowering individuals, leaf size, stem and meristem numbers, etc., are available upon request.


; Methods

At the time of transplanting (year 1), we measured plant height, corresponding to the variation in growth under greenhouse conditions. Afterwards, in years 2 and 3, we measured the sum length of all stems (mm); this metric corresponds to the early-season plant size prior to Neogalerucella herbivory, and gives an indication of the variation in regrowth and phenology early in the season. In year 4, when we terminated the common garden, we measured this metric directly as dry above-ground biomass (g). In the dataset, these three metrics are listed under parameters that include "size" in column header. In years 1-3, we visually estimated herbivory (as a reflection of the variation in resistance) for each plant, as percent defoliation (parameters that include “damage” in column header), i.e. the percentage of the leaf area removed by Neogalerucella feeding. This metric represents the main bout of herbivory in the growing season. Finally, at the end of each growing season in years 1-3 we measured above-ground biomass (parameters that include “biomass” in column header); this metric integrates the outcome of seasonal herbivory as well as any variation in tolerance to damage.

; Usage notes

Each row represents a unique single plant. NAs were recorded when a plant was missing during the measurement or, in some cases, when a confounding factor (e.g. sporadic deer herbivory) prevented an accurate estimate of defoliation by Neogalerucella. In many cases, these "missing" plants reappeared at another time point, i.e. they were alive but either not actively investing into above-ground biomass, or their regrowth showed a more delayed phenology. In the latter case, depending on the perspective/question, some of these plants could be recorded as 0 (zero) rather than NA - this version of the dataset is available upon request, or can be inferred by checking whether the plant was recorded (i.e. alive) at later time points.

Other notes/column designations: pop = population; fam = family within a given population; popfam = concatenation of pop and fam; id = unique identification code for each plant; history = history of exposure of Neogalerucella spp.; plot = plot within common garden, also a blocking factor in the complete randomized block design (each family is replicated twice within a plot); x, y = row and position within row for each plot, corresponding to the spatial coordinates (in meters)

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