UBC Research Data

Data from: Climate impacts on the ocean are making the Sustainable Development Goals a moving target traveling away from us Singh, Gerald G.; Hilmi, Nathalie; Bernhardt, Joey R.; Cisneros Montemayor, Andres M.; Cashion, Madeline; Ota, Yoshitaka; Acar, Sevil; Brown, Jason M.; Cottrell, Richard; Djoundourian, Salpie; Gonzalez-Espinosa, Pedro C.; Lam, Vicky; Marshall, Nadine; Neumann, Barbara; Pascal, Nicolas; Reygondeau, Gabriel; Rocklov, Joacim; Safa, Alain; Virto, Laura R.; Cheung, William

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Abstract
1. Climate change is impacting marine ecosystems and their goods and services in diverse ways, which can directly hinder our ability to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, set out under the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. 2. Through expert elicitation and a literature review, we find that most climate change effects have a wide variety of negative consequences across marine ecosystem services, though most studies have highlighted impacts from warming and consequences to marine species. 3. Climate change is expected to negatively influence marine ecosystem services through global stressors – such as ocean warming and acidification – but also by amplifying local and regional stressors such as freshwater runoff and pollution load. 4. Experts indicated that all Sustainable Development Goals would be overwhelmingly negatively affected by these climate impacts to marine ecosystem services, with eliminating hunger being among the most directly negatively affected Sustainable Development Goal. 5. Despite these challenges, the Sustainable Development Goals aiming to transform our consumption and production practices and develop clean energy systems are found to be least affected by marine climate impacts. These findings represent a strategic point of entry for countries to achieve sustainable development, given that these two goals are relatively robust to climate impacts and that they are important pre-requisite for other Sustainable Development Goals. 6. Our results suggest that climate change impacts on marine ecosystems are set to make the Sustainable Development Goals a moving target traveling away from us. Effective and urgent action towards sustainable development, including mitigating and adapting to climate impacts on marine systems are important to achieve the Sustainable Development Goals, but the longer this action stalls the more distant these goals will become.; Usage notes
Relationships of impacted ocean ecosystem services to SDGsA matrix of affects of impacted marine ecosystem services across SDG targets. Expert comments and supporting literature are provided in comment boxes corresponding to specific cells. Certainty categories are also indicated for each relationshipSupplement - all relationships ES SDG.xlsx
Mechanisms of climate change impacts to marine ecosystem servicesA database of mechanisms of climate change impacts to marine ecosystem services based on a scoping review of the published literature from 2012-2018Supplement - CC mechanisms.xlsx

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