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Newspaper Clipping Article Titled "Moisture Content of Snow Highest in Many Years, but Engineer says… [unknown] Feb 28, 1946

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OCT "11
A Fact About Kelowna
Kelqgvn^r -!|[C[1Pr^JiCor^ s;
The gross profit was $79,3'
net prfo^w $a^W£.9tx ef he
with /nfc in f6 of jjt^11 am
were/twl int^WffSonNjfllerj
cancelled.  r^r~-*y     *\ <?
March 31st, 1945, the
s totalled $266,670.80.
while the net profit,
~ ad^OcpflSfcleft a
eaWp ly|uo» cases
rtii% V $f6§r There^
nd one pejpiit
Moisture Content Of Snow ftliglfeXt
In Many Years, But EngineeASly^
No Need Farmers To Be Aternied
Total of 127 Inches of Snow at McCulloch—Moisture
Content Measures 7.72 Inches Compared with 4.2
Inches Last Year—Every Precaution Is Being
Taken to Insure Gradual Run-off, Says District
Engineer—Admits Potential Flood Conditions;
Exist but Says Spring Weather Will Govern the
Amount of Run-off—Local Residents Concerned
IN SPITE of the fact the moisture content in the snow on the
ridges surrounding the McCulloch district is the highest
since the local branch of the engineering department has kept
records, there is no need for residents in the district to be
alarmed over flood conditions, providing the run-off is gradual,
D. K. Penfold, district engineer, stated this week. Records
show that there was a total of 127 inches of snow at McCulloch
on January. 6, with a water content of 7.72 inches, compared
with only 4.2 inches on the same date last year. On February
28th the snow at McCulloch on the ground was 35 inches with
a water content of 9.8 inches.
"The amount of snow means nothing at all," Mr. Penfold stated.
"It depends on whether the snow is
heavily packed, and the amount of
water content in the snow. If the
snow is light and fluffy, it is another
matter entirely." While admitting
the moisture content during the
period ending January 6 was the
highest since records have been kept
here, tile district engineer declared
there is no need for farmers in the
district getting alarmed. He stated
that another reading will be taken
the end of February, and that every
precaution will be taken to see that
reservoirs in the tfiills are lowered
to a minimum.
According to a meteorological report recently issued from Victoria,
the Osprey Lake and McCulloch
Meteorological stations show, for the
three months ending January 31,
the precipitation was 102 per cent
pf normal with temperatures one
degree above normal. Last year
the precipitation was 87 per cent of
normal with a below normal temperature.
Snow courses at McCulloch and
Trout Creek showed for the same
period a mean water content of 6.9
inches or 167 per cent of a nine year
normal; 199 per cent of last year and
94 per cent of 1938, the highest year
in the nine year period. The ground
beneath the snow cover was found
to be moist and soft.
Free Run-off
Although the April to July inclusive precipitation was ten per cent
below normal, that of Atfgust, September and October was higher by
29 per C#t$t, which brings the soil
moisture index figure up to 106, the
same as last year. This tends to show
that the snow melt should have a
free run-off and find its way to the
streams and reservoirs without undue loss. This, with the present
indications of a heavy snow pack,
gives promise of plenty of water
from run-off in the Okanagan, providing normal spring and summer
rainfall occurs, the report stated.
According to figures released by
Mr. Penfold, the water content in
the snow on January 6 of 7.72 inches was only .20 inch lower than
that at the end of March, 1945. The
January readings for previous years
are: 1937, 4.03 inches; 1938, 6.97 inches; 1939, 6.17 inches; 1940, 2.53 inches; 1941, 4.59 inches; 1942, 3.24
inches; 1943, 5.86 inches; 1944, 3.25
inches; 1945, 4.2 inches; 1946, 7.72
. "If we have a long spring, most
of the water will evaporate, and
the rivers will have a longer time to
take off a proportion of the water,"
Mr. Penfold continued. "If we anticipate a heavy run-off, the reservoirs in the hills are drained, and
the Okanagan Lake lowered to a
minimum." He said the lake is
down to about two inches of minimum at the present time.
People Misinformed
Mr. Penfold said that most people
Turn to Page 16, Story 2
Average to Better Than Average is Conservative Estimate
of Fruit Official
The fruit crop in all varieties this
year gives promise of being from
"average to better than average",
according to the cautiously worded
statement of a fruit official this
week. Other sources, however, are
more bullish and freely state that
it looks like a very large crop if
conditions remain favorable through^
out the balance of the season.
The more cautious, however, point
to the fact that the leaves in many)
orchards are still on the trees and
it has been noticed that there ap-J
pears to be some connection between
this condition and the amount of
the set as well as the June drop!
the next year.
There has been no material win-j
ter damage, if any, in any district,
and there is ample indication of
bountiful bloom. If there is a satisfactory set, the crop should be
"better than normal", according to'
the most cautious reading of present indications. While this applies
to all varieties, the apples wiU—be*
affected somewhat more than thei
others, if there is any connection
between the leaves staying on the
trees and the set and, or, the Junei
Vehicles Equipped with Solid
Tires Are Prohibited on
Roads Until Further Notice
Effective last Monday, load and
speed limitations were imposed on
all provincial roads in South Okanagan until further notice, due to the
fact roads are showing signs of
breaking up as the frost comes out
of the ground.
In making the announcement, H.
W. Stevens, assistant district engin-
neer, Dept. of Public Works, states
that all vehicles equipped with
solid tires are prohibited on high-)
ways entirely. The payload Of
trucks with pneumatic tires is notj
to exceed 50 per cent of the tare
weight. Buses having a gross weight I
in excess of six tons are prohibited
from the highways, while the speed
of other buses is not to exceed more
than 25 miles an hour. n
bs are get-
j-h handed
Ccome tax
:<pay this
:h of the
ighbut the
jlike being
g, the of fire all they
>, from the
fa. which no
t this Sup-
an end to
ies to play
p and jury,
[he Income
[ tree. Anient, discre-
l today we
any, people
>ayer never
is overpaid
: years ago.
e and cries
zzas and a
colds. There
|ome will be
they are An-
ptists, will be
jemselves and
Lily there are
leed to go to
p claim that
nany of their
may not be
I community,
II the" Christ-
y would soon
j than pagans
(.   The moral
the spiritual
|l the census
least honest.
[es, but there
claim to be
;utions which
ye attempted
jer week-end
'ate declared
narrow and
an hour, we
way to the
to pull into
^mobiles pass
When we
iitable place,
lorns". I pur-
degree angle
s! (do I hear
ardent skiers
ho couldn't
out    further
[the city who
ki club going
;d during the
rvicemen are
can be look-
bring to raise
pad direct to
present road
It is a worth-
rants the ski
V Fathers can
a worthwhile
Look-out view
should be a
t>oint. Ski-ing
ey, and every
i club.
)erienced the
F hiight, Feb.
pie residence
p below zero,
rche night of
pure did not
q   on   FriHav_
PA. K. LOYD, PRESIDENT and general manager of
B.C. Tree Fruits Limited, has written this column regarding the comments made following the B.C.F.G.A.
convention in Penticton. While Mr. Loyd's"*m6desty
doubtless prompted the remarks to some extent, his
point generally is well taken. The present fruit setup
could not have been achieved without a great amount
of hard and enthusiastic mis|^iary work on the part
of a large number of growers who never appeared in
the "news". Such a condition exists in every organization and every successful committee; the heads get the
credit, although much of the work is done by other
members of the organization. However, let's let Mr.
Loyd amplify his point ....
r   p   m
MR. LOYD WRITES: "In your 'r p m column' of
January 31st you made a very necessary and sincere attempt to bring home to the growers in general, and new
growers in particular, the vital necessity of holding the
progress which they have made in the economics of
their industry, and to drive home your point, mentioned
various people who had worked towards that end. These
items, I suppose, would come under the heading of
journalistic thumbnail sketches. Unfortunately, a thumbnail sketch has severe limitations, and the fruit industry
and its ramifications can hardly be dealt with except
on a larger canvas.
"I feel that unwittingly the new growers particularly
would not gather from your summary the proper picture
of central selling as it is now accepted. The trouble is,
I think, that your sketch does not have sufficient background. It would be possible to fill this letter with the
names of men who, in the past have devoted their time,
energy, and the best years of their lives to putting over
the idea of orderly one-desk marketing. Your sketch
would seem to confer the credit in a quarter which is
not entitled to it.
"I have to refer for a moment to your ascribing to
me the conception and organization of the present deal.
I have played but a small part in its formation. The
credit should go to men who had advocated it for years,
and their efforts on behalf of the industry as a whole
may not be disregarded in favor of those who came on
the marketing scene at a comparatively late date.
"To my mind the responsibility rests with three
factors. First, and of primary importance, with the
ranks of those who, in good times and bad times, urged
the adoption of such a system, and who devoted their
resources, financial and otherwise, to persuading the
growers to adopt it. This list stretches back almost to
the beginning of the century, and includes leaders of
former years who faced the tremendous task with great
courage, and our agents on the markets themselves.
Secondly, the buffets of hard times and the financial
straits into which nearly all growers rapidly moved,
forced them to set aside their private interests for the
public good. It remains to be seen whether the lesson
learned at such great cost will be absorbed by all concerned, both newcomers and old timers. And thirdly, I
think, some credit must be accorded to those who, al*
though in a profitable business for themselves, agreed
to stan<|pi^ae^nd see it converted to a common industry
||*fi§?rdo not wish to, make this letter too long, and of
course you may treat it in any way you wish, but since
you mentioned his name, I would like to say that I feel
that the contribution made, over a period of a quarter
of a century, by Mr. McNair has been passed over too
lightly. In the opinion of many of us, the implementation of central selling and its most complicated marketing details could have failed wholly or in part, without
^ifiS^yeaf! of experience that he has been able ito bring
to the task. As you rightly say, he lives for the job of
marketing a*s profitably as possible the growers' crops.
But in addition to that, he and his assistants have worked day and night—and I mean that literally—to ensure
at ^almost any cost to themselves that the system should
have the finest possible chance of achieving its object.
"I feel sure that in your remarks, whi*»*% as a matter
of fact, I did not personally notice until j had returned
to the office in the middle of February, you had in mind
providing your readers with interesting, colorful, journalistic material. In this particular instance I consider
that the 'credit' has been directed, insofar as I am concerned, to the wrong quarter, and I feel that the matter
should not be allowed to rest without acknowledging
the indebtedness of the industry 'to those who provide
the, background for the present day picture.
Yours sincerely,
r   p   m
THE SKI MEET LAST WEEK sent memories working, for happy is the child, these winter days, who lives
**ar P hjn    por friTv^ fViai.p ^Qn be one of the^chief joys THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 28, 1946
More About
From Page 1, Column 1
believe that when there is heavy
snow on the ridges, flood conditions will occur. This is not true,
he stated, as it depends on whether
the snow is heavily packed, or light
and fluffy. He said that flood conditions have occurred in the Valley
when there has been little snow.
Asked as to whether the amount
of water content in the snow warranted farmers getting alarmed
over the run-off, Mr. Penfold admitted that potential flood conditions prevail, but reiterated that this
depended entirely upon the type of
weather which governs the run-off.
He said there was a total of 107
inches of snow at the end of January of 1943; 58 inches on January 5,
1944, and 48.8 inches of fresh fallen
snow at the end of January, 1945.
Mr. Penfold said that another reading will be taken at the end of
February, and a final one at the
end of March.
Local Residents Concerned
Residents of Kelowna are particularly interested in the moisture
content of the snow. The rural areas
are anxious about the water supply
but they need not worry this year.
On the other hand, the people on
the Kelowna flat and those living
along the lake front, as well as
those    with    property    along    the
creeks, may well pray for a favorable run-off. Under present conditions, it is doubtful if even with a
favorable run-off the lake minimum
will be sufficient to take care of
the large volume of water which
will run into Okanagan Lake. The
outlet can carry just so much water,
as a great amount of water floods
the low lands to the south. On the
other hand, Mission Creek frequently carries into the lake a volume1
several times as great as is running
out at the southern end into Okanagan River.
If there is a quick run-off and if
there should be rains at that time,
it is more than probable that the
lake cannot be held below the agreed maximum. x
On the other hand, should the run
off be slow, being retarded by cool
nights, and should there be wind to
accelerate evaporation, it is quite
possible that the lake may be held
within limits and cause no trouble.
Flood conditions either from a
quick run-off or from a high water
table are a distinct possibility -here
this summer, unless the run-off season is an extremely favorable one.
In the meantime, Kelowna keeps
its fingers crossed.
R. H. BROWN, Phm.B.
The Modern Apothecary
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SoM only by Nyal Druggists
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first. A simple, A-B-C home routine of cleansing, lubricating and stimulating helps reawaken
dry scalps—accents hair lustre—
gives your permanent longer life.


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