Rainbow Ranche Collection

Newspaper Article "What Apples to Plant," [1908] [unknown] 1908

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 Mt< APPLES TO PLANT
MAXWELL SMITH'S ADVICE TO FRUIT
GROWERS   OF   THE   INTERIOR
TWELVE   VARIETIES   THAT   HE   BELIEVES TO BE MONEY-MAKERS
In. a circular letter just issued Maxwell
Smith,  dominion  fruit inspector,  says:
I am so frequently asked what varieties
of apples I should advice planting- in the
Okanagan valley and other districts in
British Columbia having- similar climatic
and soil conditions, that I have prepared
the following list, and while there are, of
course, a number of other good varieties,
I can with a reasonable degree of confidence, recommend the following as money
makers:
Duchess of Oldenburgh, Wealthy, Mcintosh Red, Gravenstein, Cox's Orange Pippin, Farneuse, Northern Spy, Esopus Spit-
zenburgh, Jonathan, Delicious, Stay man
Winesap,   Yellow   Newton   Pippin.
Of these twelve, eight are highly colored
varieties of rare beauty, viz., Duchess of
Oldenburgh, Wealthy, Mcintosh Red, Farneuse, Esopus Spitzenbvirg'h, Jonathan,
Delicious and Stayman Winesap, but the
other four, viz., Gravenstein, Cox's Orange
Pippin, Northern Spy, and Yellow Newton
Pippin, possess such excellent qualities
and are so well known in the markets of
the world, that I hardly think we can afford to leave them out of the list. I
should like to point out also that the
keeping qualities of these 12 varieties, are
fairly well indicated by the order in
which they are named; beginning with
the Duchess of Oldenburgh, which does not
keep successfully longer than the end of
September and ending with the Xellow
Newton Pippin, which, under proper conditions may  be kept over until  May.
There are four of these varieties, viz.,
Cox's Orange Pippin, Esopus Spitzenburgh,
Stayman Winesap, and Yellow Newton
Pippin, concerning which particular care
should be exercised to give the proper
name when ordering, as there are other inferior varieties bearing similar names;
that is to say, there are Orange Pippins,
Suitzenburghs, Winesaps and Newton Pippins, which are of very inferior quality to
the Cox Orange Pippin, the Esopus Spitzenburgh, Etayman Winesap and Yellow
Newton Pippin.
While I submit the names of 12 varieties
I should not advise any one grower to
plant more than four of these and for convenience I should recommend dividing
them into three groups,  about as follows:
Group 1—Stayman Winesap, Jonathan,
Wealthy   and   Duchess  of  Oldenburgh.
Group 2—Delicious, Esopus Spitzenburgh,
Farneuse,  Mcintosh Red.
Group 3—Yellow Newton Pippin, Northern
Spy, Gravenstein, Cox's Orange Pippin.
In planting an orchard I should strongly
advise against planting a large block of
any one variety. The reason for this is
the advisability of getting different varieties in close proximity so as to render effectual the operation of jnterpollination by
the action of wind and honey gathering
insects.

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