Rainbow Ranche Collection

Newspaper Page from The Farmer's Advocate, May 1907 The Farmer's Advocate May 31, 1907

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 Ao/d.SI. 3,o/
, 1907
TH       FARMER'S   AD V OCA     &
rning their* out to grass as soon as the
?s large enough.    Never stop giving them
birthright until they are  six months old.
i told quite recently by a neighbor, "I never
a calf longer than three months," but I have
the calves that were weaned at three and
• months of age, and none of them for me!
Mrs.   Wm.   Richards.
Experiences of  Successful Pig Raisers.
Editor Farmer's Advocate:
We have not had any such losses of spring pigs as
complained of in a recent issue of the Farmer's
Advocate for some years and do not know what
to attribute it to in cases where the sows have been
running out during the winter, as some of your
correspondents quote. In some cases it might be
caused by heavy feeding of barley chop. Barley
chop is not a good feed lor young pigs if fed exclusively, and I do not like it for sows either, when
approaching farrowing time. Perhaps if I give you
our methods of handling brood sows it might be helpful to some of your inquirers, as we have had good
success during the last few years raising pigs.
We breed the sows in the fall so as to bring them
in anywhere from January to March or April, accord-
ingj|as we have room and feed, etc. The sows generally run the pasture or stubble during the fall and
are not penned at all during winter. We have a
shed over which we thresh straw and they make
their beds in this straw stack all winter. Sometimes
if it is very cold they do not come out for two or
three days. They are fed dry chop in the open
air, and as they approach farrowing we gradually
change^from all barley to barley and oat   chop with
Editor Farmer's Advocate:
I have had the best of success with my pigs this
spring I ever had. I have not lost a pig only one
that got killed with cattle in getting out of the pen.
I never had a better lot of young pigs and better doers.
I saw your letter in the Advocate re seed grain.
I may say that the wheat I showed at Brandon and
got first prize with out of thirty-five exhibits I have
been growing for twenty-one years and the barley
that was first for twenty years and it is better now
than   when   I   got   it.
W. H. English.
Editor Farmer's Advocate:
Re losses of young pigs. My first three sows did
very well in March. One young sow in April had
ten, only two having hair on. These lived and the
balance died. My idea is that during the long, cold
winter the sows got almost no exercise, which is
the cause of pigs coming very fat and with no hair
on. These pigs cannot be raised. Sometimes they
live some days, but die in the end. Roots, bran, etc.,
may be better where there is little exercise, but good
pigs come with any kind of feed if the sows have lots
of exercise.
My average so far is eight pigs to each sow.
There is a heavy loss throughout this part from
mares slipping foals, both those in the stable and on
the prairie.    Many mares are out all winter.
We heard a great deal about losses of young pigs
this year and think the main cause is from want of
exercise and too heavy feeding of the wrong kind of
feed for the sows when pregnant. Our sows, without
exception, as well as our herd boars, wintered outside,
and were fed almost entirely on oats either whole,
chopped or boiled, to give a little variety. Whether
or not this is scientific feeding we are not prepared
to say, but we are entirely satisfied with the result
so far.
The demand for young stock has been splendid
and it is keeping up well, and we do not anticipate
having many youngsters with us after they are old
enough to ship.
E. R. James.
A. B. Potter.
Editor Farmer's Advocate:
I have followed with great interest the articles
which appear from time to time in your paper on
pigs. I remember some time ago a neighbor wishing to ship a car of hogs to Winnipeg writing to some
of the principal dealers of that city for prices and
he got the same reply from all of them, ^offering so
much for "choice " hogs weighing from 150 to 225
Miss Trout.
Champion of the   Calgary Fat Stock Show shown by E. D. Adams, Calgary.
a little bran and sometimes a little shorts, the oat
chop being in. in creasing proportion. A week or ten
days before parturition we place the sows in pens
and commence feeding slop, oat chop, bran, shorts
and a little barley chop. When they are readv to
farrow they do so without any trouble, as their bowels
are lax, and they are strong and hardy from their
winter in the straw stack. The pigs come strong
and we usually raise from eleven to thirteen after
killing off the runts of the litter.
Last year we raised forty-seven pigs in four litters
and lost thirteen pigs in the same lour litters. That
was 78.3 per cent, raised, from an average litter of
fifteen pigs. This spring we are raising 74.5 per
cent. from an average litter of 15.5.
The drop in percentage raised this spring I attribute to our own fault, not the sows, as the pigs all
came strong, but the sows were in too small quarters.
During the summer the sows have the run of a
'brome grass pasture. I do not think there is anything more harmful for a brood sow than being
penned up during the greater part of the year, especially when our feeds in this country are so high in
Grass or roots, laxative feed, a good run, and; a
straw shed are some of the essentials in successful
swine raising; and about the surest road to failure
is keeping the sows in a close, warm pen the year
on foot and a cent less for light weights and heavy
ones, and not one of them mentioned bacon hogs,
and I know that we all got the same price whether
they were long hogs or the short, thick type. I
would far sooner have the short pig because it is
easier to keep. -  ;.       -
Last year I had a young sow farrow eleven, which
I sold at different ages and in the fall sold the sow
for $24 and cleared a good hundred orr the family.
I consider it was the easiest earned hundred dollars
I ever rnade.
I don't believe in winter feeding, but like the pigs
to come in February or early in March and have
them ready to sell shortly after the freeze up.
Sask. S. D. C.
Editor Farmer's Advocate:
With regard to the spring farrowings, we beg to
say that we have had practically no losses of young
pigs coming in March and Aprilof this year. Out of
eighty-four young pigs farrowed in March and April
only two came dead. We have lost one or two others
from the sows either lying or ^ramping on them, but
we have never had a better lot of strong, healthy,
large litters of uniform pigs than we have got this
year. In the smallest litter there were eleven pigs
and the others ranged from that to fourteen. We
consider that a litter of ten or eleven good, strong,
even Digs is more profitable than some of the larger
Jitte*      -^t you hear about.
No   Quarter j^to   Typical! Reactors to Mallein
Test for Glanders.
The^V. D. G. states that "up till Aug. 31st, 1906,
15,505 horses have been tested, and that 18,117
niaiiein tests haye been made.
"The marked, disproportion between the number
of horses tested ana tne number of tests made is
attrioutable to the tact that Irom 1902 to 1904 we
tollowed a retesting policy.
"1 propose to reier hrst to the danger inseparable
from tne .Keeping alive ot ordinary non-clinicai react- j
ors. 1 am not in a position to furnish any great
amount o± statistical intormation, for the reason that |
trom the very beginning ol our present operations
animals of this class tailing into our hands have been,
except in the case oi a tew which early became ceased i
reactors, so dealt with to prevent the possibility of
their coming into contact, direct or indirect,^with
healthy horses.,,_____£:-jlj~^\. ^tas^^^^us _____
^■*vvnen engaged, in^jprivate practice, I had an
opportunity ot lorming an opinion on the subject,
tor although, after the use ot mallein was adopted,
which, witn me, was in the year 1893, 1 invaiiably
advised my clients to destroy all typical reactors;
the law did not make their slaughter compulsory
and many weie permitted to live. Not a few subsequent outbreaks of which I was cognizant were
undoubtedly due to the retention and. distribution
of i^-^eticnH^y^hese^^parentl} healtfe? aniniab.^ ~
____' 'As_a mattered j.act there__has neverk,been, at least
among* intelligent and single-minded veterinarians,
any great tendency to belief in the harmlessness of
horses which continue to give typical reactions to
mallein, even when they present no visible symptoms
01 glanders. The Departmental Committee appointed
in 1901 by the Board of Ureat Britain for the purpose
ol conducting experimental investigations with regard
to this and kindred subjects, reached the conclusion
that these apparently healthy reactors are capable
ol transmitting glanders. The Committee in question
comprised the late Mr. A. C. Cope, Mr. Wm. Hunting,
Sir. John McFadyean and Dr. James Mel. McCall,
all men of high professional attainments and great
experience in dealing with glanders. One of the
points dwelt upon by them; viz., the suddenness with
wrr.ch a reactor may become clinically glandered, is
worthy ol special note. Our experience in Canada
has demonstrated beyond question the danger arising
from this liability of reactors to suddenly develop
acute symptoms, and has shown further that a considerable proportion of these superficially healthy
animals are in reality clinical cases.
"As under our present regulations such horses are
slaughtered, opportunities for post mortem examination have not been wanting, and in many cases showing absolutely no external symptoms, extensive
ulcerations have been found high up in the nasal
passages, while the presence in this situation of
m;;iute nodular lesions, undoubtedly specific, has
be n- strikingly frequent. These discoveries tear
out the opinion which I have long held and frequently
expressed regarding the importance, from an infectiye
point of view, of enlarged submaxillary glands m
reacting animals. There is never smoke without '
fire, and these glands are not likely to show tumefaction without a definite pathological reason. Leaving nasal lesions aside, it is well known that in typical
reactors glanders nodules are invariably found in the
lungs, and not unfrequently in other organs.
"Before mallein was heard of, in spite of allbur/
eitorts and precautions, case after case, and outbreak
after outbreak, of glanders would occur in the samtf
stable.    After each  fresh  outbreak the  most, thor/
ough disinfection was practised, and all the suryivin/
horses subjected to careful scrutiny and continue
close  observation.    Six months,  or perhaps a yea
would elapse and then another case or series of cas
would occur.    We blamed the stables; we ^thoug
the contagion, or, as we then called it, the virus, |
immortal  and  indestructible.    Now we  know tip
outside of the animal body, the life of the bad
mallen  is,    under   the   most    favorable    conditif
U-T*ed to three or four months.    In the animal |
-1 different matter, and the cause of the my:
^current outbreaks was the chronic latent c


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