Okanagan Historical Society Reports

Okanagan history. Sixty-eighth report of the Okanagan Historical Society Okanagan Historical Society 2004

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 ;'' *-  •"•;*-*-.■ «* ^&t,i-4k       . ",  68th  Report of the  Okanagan  Historical  Society  Okanagan History  The Sixty-Eighth Report  of the  OKANAGAN  HISTORICAL  SOCIETY  Founded September 4, 1925  ISSN-O830-O739  ISBN-O-921241-76-3  2004  ©  www.okanaganhistoricalsociety.org  Printed in Canada on Acid-Free Paper  By Ehmann Printworx Ltd  Kelowna, B.C.  Cover and Inset:  Courtesy of Jamie Kidston. These are two of twelve watercolour  paintings/sketches drawn/painted by PATRICK LANG when he  visited the Kidstons in Coldstream in 1919. SIXTY-EIGHTH REPORT OF THE  OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  The information, views and opinions expressed in the following articles  are those of the author(s). The information, views and opinions are not necessarily those of the Okanagan Historical Society.  EDITOR  Dorothy Zoellner  EDITORIAL COMMITTEE  Elizabeth Bork, Susan McMurray, Penticton  Denis Marshall, Marilyn Kernaghan, Salmon Arm  Lucy McCormick, Ger van Beynum, Vernon  Jessie Ann Gamble, Robert Cowan, Armstrong-Enderby  Judy Ohs, Doug Ablett, Kelowna  Ralph Englesby, Andrea Dujardin-Flexhaug, Oliver-Osoyoos  Membership  The recipient of this Sixty-Eighth Report is entitled to register his/her  membership in the Sixty-Ninth Report, which will be issued November 1, 2005.  For membership registration and certificate forms see insert in this book.  Purchasing Reports  Reports of the Okanagan Historical Society (The Report) including recent back  issues, are available through the Treasurer, Box 313, Vernon, B.C. V1T 6M3, from  branches of the OHS, and from most museums and bookstores in the Okanagan  -Shuswap-Similkameen region. You may also arrange to receive future issues by  mail by contacting the book committee, c/o the Treasurer.  Editorial Inquiries  Inquiries about material in the Reports, or for inclusion in coming issues, should  be directed to the Editor at 3956 Bluebird Road, Kelowna, B.C. VIW 1X6.  e-mail: zoellner@okanagan.net  The complete index of Okanagan Historical Reports can be found on the internet-  http://royal.okanagan.bc.ca Officers and Directors of the Executive Council  2004-2005  PRESIDENT  Alice Lundy  VICE-PRESIDENT  David Gregory  SECRETARY  Vivian Hamanishi  TREASURER  Bob Cowan  PAST PRESIDENT  Enabelle Gorek  BRANCH DIRECTORS TO THE EXECUTIVE COUNCIL  Armstrong-Enderby: Robert Dale, Jessie Ann Gamble  Kelowna: Colleen Cornock, Bob Hayes  Oliver-Osoyoos: Lionel Dallas, Mary Roberts  Penticton: Dan Reilly, Dave Snyder  Salmon Arm: Elizabeth Revel, Allan Wilson  Similkameen Valley: Vacant  Vernon: Jack Morrison, Bob dePfyffer  DIRECTORS-AT-LARGE  Essay Contest: Jessie Ann Gamble, Trails: Peter Tassie, David Gregory  Father Pandosy Mission: Alice Lundy, Archivist: Vivian Hamanishi BRANCH OFFICERS OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  2004-2005  Armstrong-Enderby:  President: David Simard; Vice-President: Jessie Ann Gamble; Secretary:  Jean Lockhart; Treasurer: Eleanore Bolton; Past President: Robert Dale.  Directors: May Dangel, Louise Everest, Kathy Fabische, Elinor Hagardt,  Craig McKechnie, Tom Sidney, William Whitehead.  Kelowna:  President: Kaye Benzer; Vice-President: Vivian Hamanishi; Secretary: Betty  Ivans; Treasurer: Eleanor Bulach; Past President: Bob Hayes; Directors:  Doug Ablett, Colleen Cornock, Doug Flintoft, Cathy Jennens, Alice Lundy,  Judy Ohs, Cory Schneider, Ruth Stirling, Evelyn Vielvoye, Dorothy  Zoellner. Kelowna Branch Life Members: Bill Knowles, Joyce Knowles,  Bob Marriage, Hume Powley, Gifford Thomson, Dorothy Zoellner.  Oliver-Osoyoos:  President: Lionel Dallas; Vice-President: Gayle Cornish; Secretary: Mary  Englesby; Treasurer: Mary Roberts; Past President: Dan Roberts; Directors:  John Musgrave, Elaine Shannon, Larry Shannon; Honourary Directors:  Joan Casorso, Stanley Dickson, Cyril Headey.  Penticton:  President: Dave Morgenstern; Vice-President: John Ortiz; Recording  Secretary / Treasurer: Bob Elder; Past President: Claud Hammell;  Honourary Directors: Joe Biollo, Molly Broderick; Directors: Marylin  Barnay, Jeannette Bevan, Elizabeth Bork, Enabelle Gorek, David Gregory,  Dan Haggerty, Art Hinchcliffe, Dave MacDonald, Randy Manuel, Dan  Reilly, Maggie Ricciardi, Dave Snyder, Ret Tinning.  Salmon Arm:  President: Ralph Kernaghan; Vice-President: Rosemary Wilson; Secretary:  Rosemary Wilson; Treasurer: Denis Marshall; Past President: Mary  Weatherill; Director for Life: Florence Farmer; Directors: Ralph Bartman,  Don Byers, Sheila Cran, Pam Johnson, Dan MacQuarrie, Mary Niemi, Alf  Peterson, Tom Smith.  Similkameen Valley:  Contact person: Elizabeth Bork-Site 32A, Comp.6 RR#1, Kaleden, B.C. VOH 1KO.  Vernon:  At present, there is no Executive for this Branch. It is represented by the  following seven members: Bob dePfyffer, Jack Morrison, Betty Holtskog,  Lucy McCormick, Ger van Beynum, Libbie Tassie and Peter Tassie. Business of the Okanagan Historical Society  NOTICE  of the 80th Annual General Meeting  THE OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  2005  Notice is hereby given that the Annual General Meeting  of the Okanagan Historical Society will be held  at the  Royal Anne Hotel  KELOWNA, B.C.  Sunday, April 24, 2005, at 10 a.m.  Luncheon at 12:30 p.m.  All members and guests are welcome to attend  EXECUTIVE COUNCIL  26th February, 1978  Kelowna, B.C.  RESOLUTION:  Whereas we stand by our original plan of the POLICY of EDITORIAL  FREEDOM  And whereas such freedom may require certain changes in the articles  submitted: i.e. - deletions, condensation and rewrite, etc.  Therefore be it resolved that:-  Editorial Freedom gives the Editor the right to edit all material submitted  as he sees fit: UNLESS the author has stated otherwise in writing at the  time of submission.  MOVED by Victor Wilson SECONDED by I.E. Phillips OKANAGAN HISTORICAL SOCIETY  ESSAY CONTEST 2005  AIM/GOALS  To encourage the research and writing of Okanagan history by post  secondary students.  ELIGIBILITY  Students currently in any post-secondary institution in British Columbia.  PRIZE  (a) $1,000 (one thousand dollars)  (b) possible publication in "Okanagan History" book (the annual publication of the Okanagan Historical Society)  GENERAL CRITERIA: the essay must:  • Depict history which occurred in the geographical area encompassed  by the Okanagan, Shuswap and Similkameen Valleys.  • Be suitable for publication in the "Okanagan History" book.  • Be submitted on a 3.5 in. disk and typed double spaced on 8.5 x 11.0  in. white paper.  • Be a minimum length of 1500 words to a maximum of 2500.  • Include a cover page which shows:  * Student's name and registration number  * Name of Institution  * Student's telephone number and address  * Title of essay  EVALUATION CRITERIA: the essay will be judged according to:  HISTORICAL INFORMATION  The degree to which the writer has gathered accurate information in  different ways; has insightfully selected essential information; has  interpreted or synthesized that information.  EFFECTIVE COMMUNICATION  The quality of the historical content in that it effectively uses rich,  vivid detail in a style which engages and involves the reader.  CONCLUSIONS  The conclusions the writer makes which reflect clear, logical links  between the information and the interpretations based on relevant  evidence; the way the writer describes his/her own thinking about the  historical content which demonstrates a sophisticated understanding  of the historical issue(s).  WRITING  Demonstrated level of organization, correct sentence structure, usage,  grammar, diction, mechanics, bibliography and footnoting.  DEADLINE:       March 15th of each year  SUBMIT TO:      Jessie Ann Gamble,  Box 516, Armstrong, B.C. VOE 1B0;  Ph: (250) 546-9416; email: lgamble@junction.net Table of Contents  History Unfolds by Diary and Letters  Okanagan Impressions: The 1922 Diary of Percival Mackie  Edited by George Mackie, Peter Mackie and Richard Mackie 11  A Place of Sunshine and Fair Weather- Letters From British  Columbia 1924-1932, Anne Louise Crafter 27  We DO Remember.  To A Cynic- Poem by Dorothy Rees 38  The Road To Rimini, Debbie (Schultz) Brown 40  Filling In The Gaps, James H. Hayes 45  Shuswap Lake Sawmill Last Post, Denis Marshall 49  The Fred Roberts Story, Denis Marshall 51  Their Contributions Are Great  Stephen Robert Cannings,  Rob Cannings, Bette Cannings, Syd Cannings, Dick Cannings 54  Victor Casorso, Jim MacNaughton 67  A Eulogy For Ron Robey, Joanne (Thorlakson) Galloway 71  Ernest Arthur James Burnett, Don Burnett 74  Thomas Archangelo Capozzi, Dr. Gail Plecash 77  Lucy Hack, Sylvia (Day) Blackburne and Eileen (Day) Chappell 80  Wallace C. Bennett, Kelowna Branch, Okanagan Historical Society .... 82  Mary Helene Esma Blackburn, Penny Caley 84  Frank Snowsell, Lynne (Snowsell) Schroeder 88 Still Fruitful Despite Changes and Challenges  A Century of Fruit Growing In Coldstream, Jamie Kidston 90  "Mr. Sunrype" My Father, Bill Vance, William Elsworth Vance 98  His Apples Were Delicious- Robert Turner, Denis Marshall 104  Student Essay Contest Winner  Chinook Jargon In Local Histories of the Okanagan  Country, David D. Robertson 112  Mother Nature Leaves Her Mark  Okanagan Mountain Park Fire- My Story, Brian Brown 120  Pippy's Beach, Michael Painter 129  In Tribute Tb  Lydia Doris Boss, Roy Boss 133  M. Arnold Churchill, Ann (Churchill) Thomson 135  Kenneth Bertram Day, Steven Day 139  Edith Roberta (Topsy) Gee/Philip, Tbm Gee 141  Joan King, Oliver-Osoyoos Branch, Okanagan Historical Society 143  Leona (Moen) McClure, June Griswold 145  Mary Frances Cicely (Jingy) (TUtt) Morrison,  Sheila (Morrison) Sullivan 147  Shigeru Sakon, Salmon Arm Branch Okanagan Historical Society .... 150  Ruberta (Ruby) Grace Somerset, Mary (Ellison) Bailey 155  Robert E.(Bob) Spall, Deborah (Spall) Cochrane 157  Kiyo Yamaoka, Evelyn Vielvoye 163 Records of Achievement  Horses In B.C.'s Interior- a history, Dr. Lois E. Philp 166  A Retrospective: RCSCC Revenge 1927-82, David Snyder 174  Penticton Retirement Centre Tuneagers, Vivien Browne 178  Families Chronicled  H.H. Johnson Family, Clare (Johnson) Smith 186  The Reids of Benvoulin, Chelta (Reid) Snowsell 198  New Books of Interest Tb Our Readers 203  Well-earned Accolades for Jessie Ann Gamble 206  Lives Remembered 208  Errata 219  OHS Business and Financial Statements 220  2004 Membership List 235 Lucy McCormick - Vernon  Elizabeth Revel - Salmon Arm  O.H.S. AGM  April 25, 2004  on board the S.S. Sicamous  10 OHS HISTORY UNFOLDS BY DIARY AND LETTERS  Okanagan Impressions:  The 1922 Diary of  Percival Mackie  Edited by George Mackie, Peter Mackie  and Richard Mackie1  Introduction  Printed here is the Okanagan portion of the 1922 diary of  Frederick Percival Mackie (Percival, and "Per" to his family),  then a Major in the Indian Medical Service and Director of  the Pasteur Institute in Shillong, Assam. Born in England in 1875,  the sixth son and ninth child of an Anglican clergyman in rural  Gloucestershire, Mackie had qualified as a doctor in 1897 and  joined the Indian Medical Service in 1902. The following year he  served as medical officer to the Younghusband Expedition to Tibet  and soon afterwards was appointed to the Plague Research  Laboratory in Bombay. His career was interrupted by the First  World War when, as a Major, he served in Baluchistan, Persia,  Mesopotamia, and France. He was twice mentioned in dispatches  and received the Order of the British Empire in 1918. At the end  of the war he was Commanding Officer of the Central Laboratory,  Baghdad; in 1920 he was appointed Professor of Pathology at  Calcutta University; and in 1921 took charge of the Pasteur  Institute.2  In February 1922, Mackie had to leave India to take his sick  wife Gladys back to England. Gladys died shortly after they got  home, leaving Mackie with their two year-old son Lawrence.  Arrangements were eventually made for Lawrence to be looked  after by family members and friends,  and in September the  'About the authors. The editors of this diary are all Percival Mackie's descendants. George, a V.P.S. alumnus and now a retired University of Victoria professor, is the second son of Per's second marriage. Peter is Lawrence Mackie's  oldest son, who followed his father and grandfather in the medical profession  and is now a consultant hematologist in Buckinghamshire. The illustrations  in this article came from Peter's large collection of Per's photos. Richard is  George's second son, a historian specializing in B.C. history, author of Island  Timber and other books. They wish to thank Peter Tassie, Joan Heriot, Jenny  Jones (nee McGuire), Jenny Clayton, John Barclay, Larry Cormack, Edna  Montfort and Dave and Joy Curwen for their assistance.  OHS 11 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  bereaved father set off to return to India, travelling west around  the world, visiting friends and professional colleagues - specialists  in tropical diseases - in the United States and elsewhere, and  spending a full month in Vernon with his two younger brothers,  who had emigrated to Canada in 1913.  His brothers  were Augustine,  born in 1879 and  known as "Gus" or  "Austin," and Hugh,  born in 1882.  Austin, an Anglican  priest like his  father, was founder  of the Vernon  Preparatory  School (V.P.S.), a  boarding school  run on English lines  in Coldstream Valley  east of Vernon.3 In  1922 some twenty  boys were enrolled;  by 1927 this figure  had risen to fifty.4  An enthusiastic  sportsman, Austin also became a determined rattlesnake hunter  after the death of Roland Whittall, a V.P.S. boy, from a rattler's bite  in 1927.5  Hugh helped run the school and taught history and French.6  His wife Grace, the school's overworked matron and mathematics  teacher, had recently, in September 1922, given birth to Patrick  ("Paddy"), her fifth child. Tragically, of the five children born to  the couple, only Paddy survived to lead a full life, dying in 1999 at  the age of seventy-six.7 Michael died in infancy, Peter died in an  accident in 1918, and John and Geoff were killed in the Second  World War. V.P.S. flourished and remained under the Mackies'  direction until 1946, when a new headmaster was appointed.  Percival Mackie's diary of his trip around the world runs  from September 1922 until January 1923.8 After the Okanagan, his  journey took him west to Vancouver, Victoria, Tokyo, Shanghai,  Manila, Hong Kong, Canton, Singapore, Penang, Rangoon,  Calcutta, and finally Shillong. On returning to India, Mackie continued in the I.M.S., making important contributions to the literature on tropical diseases, including relapsing fever, sleeping sick-  L-R: Hugh Mackie, Percival (Per) Mackie, Grace Mackie, Austin  (Gus) Mackie on the steps of the Vernon Preparatory School,  1922. (Courtesy George Mackie)  12  OHS OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  ness, plague, kala-azar, cholera, dysentery, enteric fevers, schistosomiasis, and sprue. He remarried in 1926, aged fifty-one, and  retired in 1932 with the rank of Colonel after a distinguished  career crowned with the award of C.S.I. (Companion of the Star of  India), and returned to England. At the time of his death in 1944  he had just retired as Chief Medical Officer to Imperial Airways  (now British Airways). He was survived by his wife Mary Mackie  (nee Owen) and sons Lawrence (born 1920), Richard (1927), and  George (1929).9  Oct 21st 1922  That evening I went down to the main station [in Toronto]  and took reservations in the Western Express to B.C. The engines  are enormous with huge horse power and the carriages are huge  too, the ordinary ones being 30-40 tons tare each. The full train  weighs over 4000 tons and is drawn by one engine 5000 feet over  the Kicking Horse Pass over the Rockies.  It struck me as something dramatic to see one of these huge  passenger trains pull out of Montreal or Toronto to make a journey of five thousand miles across a continent.10  Woke up next morning to find the train passing across barren lands north of Lake Superior. Travelled all day through a waste  of uncultivated land characterized by undulating country, rocky  and stony, covered with pine trees like Xmas trees, each with a  light load of snow, which also lay lightly on the ground. Now and  again one would pass a lake or series of lakes, steely blue, cold  and with a light edging of ice. I saw no sign of life in the lakes or  in the trees and the whole day's journey reminded me of the fir  forests of Siberia or the steppes of Mongolia, barren, inhospitable  and lifeless.  The next day, Oct 23rd, the train passed through the great  prairie lands between Fort William and Broadview including the  great prairie city of Winnipeg. This is as different country as possible to yesterday's. Level flat prairie without a hill or tree as far  as the eye could see to the distant horizon. At every station there  were rows of grain elevators where grain is cleaned and stored and  run into great freight cars. Enormous freight trains of 40 or 50 cars  full of grain snorted and strained their way across to Fort William  for the big steamer service on the Great Lakes.  I don't know which would be the worst country to live in, the  barren forest country or the monotonous level prairie with its  extremes of temperature, which goes to 40 or even 50 below zero  every winter and to over 100 in the summer.  The third day we travelled all day between Regina and Banff  OHS 13 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  in the Rockies passing both places at night. The prairie lands continued all day till we reached Calgary in the evening and afterward began to climb the Rockies. We passed the highest point,  Kicking Horse Pass, about midnight, about 5300 feet, and then  began to descend gradually - Banff, Field, Lake Louise Glacier and  Revelstoke.  Oct. 25th  We reached Sicamous on the Shuswap Lake about 9 am on  25th Oct. and there I changed for the Okanagan Valley which runs  due south from Sicamous down to the Kettle Valley River  [Similkameen River] near the U.S. boundary.11  The branch line train left about 10.30 and got to Vernon near  the head of the Okanagan Lake about 12.30 and there found Grace  and Hugh to meet me with the car. Austin it appeared was away  down the lake shooting pheasants during the short open season,  which was about a week.12  I drove down to the head of the lake - the place called  Okanagan Landing and took the very comfortable lake steamer  C.P.R. S.S. Sicamous which does a daily trip from N to S of the lake  somewhere over 100 miles to Penticton, the southernmost place  on the lake.13  The names of some of the landings, Summerland,  Peachland, are eloquent of the beauty and fruitfulness of this  wonderful valley.  The lake thrusts arms of clear water up between the pine  clad hills which are clearly mirrored in the green blue lake water.  Along the shore in groups, masses or lines are delicately formed  trees of the poplar, larch or birch type - the general appearance of  many is most suggestive of the English silver birch. The colour of  foliage before the fall is a delicate green but now in the late  autumn the whole of the foliage of these trees is of a glorious  colour as if the trees had been dipped in liquid gold. Some trees  would have some of the light green still unchanged and this  enhanced the brilliance of the gold. There seemed to be no gradual transition as in an English wood but all the trees of this sort  were bright gold and stood out in contrast to the dark green,  almost the black of the firs and pines.  Up the mountain sides these coloured species were seen  side by side in singles or clumps so it seemed as if a child had  gone over a forest of green trees and had painted in some in yellow. I saw the autumn tints in the maple forests coming up the St  Lawrence a month ago but was not nearly so struck with their  colours as by the transmuting of whole masses into pure gold.  14  OHS OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  The maples have more varied colours, some of which are  orange or even red and the mixture of sumac bushes' blood red  shows up these woods very beautifully but I do not think the general impression is so fine as the gradual change of the variety of  tints in an English wood^such as for example may be seen in the  Avon Gorge at Clifton. There is a much wider chromatic scale and  the change is more gradual than in the Canadian forests.  I travelled down in the steamer for about six hours through  the beautiful scenery till I reached Summerland and was there  met by Gus in a car and taken to the house where he was staying.  We went out pheasant shooting the next day, or rather he shot and  I beat and it was very homelike to see the numerous pheasants  put up out of the undergrowth and in the clover (alfalfa) of the  apple orchards. Many apple trees were loaded with magnificent  looking fruit, of large size, rich colour and perfect shape. The season had been a most prolific one but alas the price of the fruit is  so low that many orchards have not found it worth while to pick  the fruit but to let it fall and lie like a rich carpet on the dark earth.  That evening we drove down a narrow lakeside road by car  to Penticton, the southernmost point on the lake, had dinner and  got on the steamer for the night and woke up next morning in  time for breakfast and then to disembark at a place called  Kelowna about half way up the lake on the return journey.  Oct 28th  Gracie drove down in the car from Vernon to lunch and we  all three returned to Vernon in the afternoon, a drive of nearly 40  miles. Tb do this we crossed the spur of the hills and got into the  next valley to the East and went for miles alongside another lake,  Long Lake [Kalamalka], which runs N and S in the valley. This  body of water is even more beautiful than Okanagan as it is more  secluded, less cultivated, bears no steamer on it, is shallower and  therefore shows more varied shades of blue and green in its  depths and shoals. The black and golden trees come out on points  of land and doubly reflect themselves in the still water on either  side of the arm of land.  The road is winding and very narrow, scarce room for two  cars to pass in many places and for miles is several hundred feet  above the surface of the lake and quite unguarded from the precipitous slopes to the lake. Little knowing this, I drove the car, a  Ford, until long after dark tho' I could scarcely see the road and so  little understood the gears and pedals of the car that I scarcely  knew how to stop it. When I saw the road by day later on and knew  of its evil reputation and the many accidents which had occurred  on it I marvelled less at my own temerity than at the passengers'  OHS 15 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  trust in my scanty knowledge of the car and of the road.14  -f-  °*« C  r  *.  «!  .4  <^%  Sugar  Mountain  ft*  ■>  '^^--  402s  1       4&0    j  SucA«Moi!^^ek  Goat  Cliffs  —T"       j            f  1  Fraser -  /^~       Sugflr  1*  Mackie  03}  -*b  ■A.  Q  Sugar  Lake  1980'  \  Long  ■  Point  j   ■ •■  ■.   iiilTfllMffllf  6500'  Tillicum  —-1  In it  •  Curv/spr~  s     j ^  Vidler  flDCE  I  | %\  S°°o,~ ■                                                        IsS  1 TiSfe  \  \%,  "'Oft,.                                                               1   ^=i=j——'  j-iTb Cherryville  ^o  I tdlometre  Map by Eric Leinberger.  Oct 31st  Austin and I left for Sugar Lake for a week or ten days shooting.15. It was a little late in the season as directly the snow lies on  the mountains the bears retire to hibernation and the deer move  below to warmer shelter. However the weather was open and no  sign of winter closing in so we hoped for some sport. We left in a  Ford truck, i.e., an open chassis with flat, dray-like erection  behind and the usual Ford engine. The distance was about 40  miles along a little-used road and we picked up two more sportsmen, Dennison and Walker/6 who were going up to the same place  to climb another mountain for game. So we were five in the truck  and our baggage.  It was very cold, snow and sleet falling for part of the time.  We halted by the road for lunch and stopped once or twice to get  out and kill a grouse (willow grouse) which we saw on the roadway and would scarcely get out of the way of the car.  16 OHS OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  r'-\        ■■■■■A,...  •^-WPPM'-  22  Percival Mackie labelled this "Sugar Lake, looking north," November 1922. (Courtesy Peter Mackie)  We reached the S end of Sugar Lake about 3.00 pm and after  a hasty tea in the forest shack by the side of the lake we put our  baggage into a boat and were rowed by Fraser,17 who was to be our  chief guide. The journey up the lake took up IV2 hrs steady row  to where Gus's shack was at the further end and close alongside  "Gus's shack at Sugar Lake," November 1922. This cabin, built in the summer of 1922 by  Fraser and Hollingsworth, survived the Sugar Lake floods of 1942 and 1944 and is still in the  possession of the Mackie family. (Courtesy Peter Mackie)  was Fraser's.18 The lake is very beautiful with its clear, dark water  and the yellow and green firs coming down to the water's edge,  and stacks of timber (lumber) waiting for the spring rise to be  OHS 17 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  floated down the river  to civilization and the  saw mills.19  Nov. 1st  We gave up  today to getting ready  the camp kit and for  preparation by Fraser  and Bill Hollingsworth20  his partner for the  climb up the hill  [Sugar Mountain].  Austin and I rowed  out on the lake and he  threw a fly for about  an hour but didn't get  a rise. We went shoreward   to   stalk   some  "Old Bill, a trapper," November 1922. Bill Hollingsworth  sitting on the steps of Bill Fraser's cabin at Sugar Lake. .  (Counesy Peter Mackie)  ducks and I got a fine mallard duck out of a bunch.  Nov 2nd  Next day we started for the trail up the hill side and rowed  across to the far end of the lake where the trail began.21 There was  a lot of delay in getting the horses caught and swum across two  arms of the lake and by the time they got to the foot of the trail it  was 2.30 p.m. and too late to start up that day, so we camped by  the side of the lake and waited till the morrow. We found it cold,  as it was freezing but got some dry hay to put on the ground and  a small single fly tent (scarcely worth the name) to cover us from  snow or rain and so we sat facing a big log fire and kept warm till  we fell asleep wrapped in all the coats and mufflers we could lay  hands on, and of course without undressing.  Nov. 3rd  Next morning when packing up we saw a boat coming across  the lake - it turned out to be Dennison and Walker who said they  had "packed" their 60 lbs each of camp kit up the great "Viddler"  crest [Vidler Ridge] overhanging the lake but had found deep  snow about half way up and had to sleep out that night and  packed down again yesterday.  This didn't look good for our climb but we nevertheless  pushed on up, Fraser ahead breaking the trail and his pack pony  next, Old Bill and the cayuse next and Austin and I behind.  We climbed 2500 feet by lunch time but found the snow  18 OHS OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  lying deeper as we got up. We intended to make a forest shack  about 3 hrs further up but in view of the snow decided there was  no chance of a bear or deer. The going was heavy, numerous dead  falls, trees or piles of them across the trail and smaller poles and  branches covered with snow down which one's feet slipped. The  pine branches above were laden with snow which was dropped  over one's hat and eyes at a passing touch. Added to these was the  constant climb with a rifle across one's shoulders and the icy cold  of one's sodden boots.  When we got up to 2500 feet, snow was gently but steadily  fluttering down and the forest of pines looked more monotonous  and gloomy. We took off the packs, built a fire and cooked some  tea and bannocks whilst Fraser went on to see if the country  beyond by the goat cliffs looked more promising. He returned in  about an hour saying the weather was getting worse so we packed  again and broke trail downhill to find a suitable place for a night's  camp.  Fraser and Austin went on a detour to look at the goat cliffs  whilst Bill and the ponies and self struck down the hill. After  going about an hour we found a few level yards, a sort of shelf on  the hill side and so unpacked and put up the light tent, cut trees  down and got logs for the night, lit a fire and started some cooking.  Snow was still falling steadily and the trees were getting  loaded and every now and again a big slide from above would fall  plump on the tent or on to the fire.  "Fraser's shack at Sugar Lake," November 1922. Built by Bill Fraser as a barn, this structure  formed the core of what became Fraser Lodge. It burned down in 1980. (Counesy Peter  Mackie)  OHS 19 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  What a lot there is in wood craft and how helpless a person  who has no experience feels in making a camp for instance.22 Old  Bill knew almost in the dark which kind of tree to cut - cedars are  the best, balsams not so good, pines of sorts almost useless for  splitting and burning green. How to chose your tree, how to fell it  so that it falls in the right position near or across the camp.  Cutting poles for the tepee Indian fashion tent, another to support  the kettle, all the small details of the camp which moved like  clockwork under the hand of Old Bill till everything was thought  of, improvised and ready to hand.  Austin and Fraser came in just at dusk and shortly after we  had hot tea, bannocks like thick flapjacks made of batter in a frying pan, bacon and potatoes and honey and cheese or jam to finish with.  Old Bill is a great character and might have stepped right out  of the pages of Huckleberry Finn - an old trapper and squatter  with nearly 50 years wild life hunting, ranching, trapping, in the  middle and far west U. States behind him. Quite modest and unassuming but with a fund of dry anecdote and reminiscence which  kept us laughing whenever he spoke.  Generally he was silent but over the camp fire with his pipe  he would talk about the old days and make me wish one could  record any one of his tales, told in so dry and witty a way with  quaint terms of speech.  We turned in about 10 pm and rolled up in blankets, coats  and mufflers fully dressed except for taking off wet boots. We all  lay side by side close together, the tent being just wide enough to  hold four. Bill's little pup spent most of the night clambering over  us trying to find a way in under somebody's blanket.  Nov. 4th  Next morning we packed up the horses and sent them down  to the lake with Old Bill, and Fraser, Austin and I set off to work  along the goat cliffs in the chance of a shot. Snow had fallen all  night but had now stopped and we walked, stumbled and fell over  hidden dead falls and branches for about 3 hrs, walking on steep  slopes on the edge of one's boots and sometimes taking a toss and  slithering feet, or ten or 15 yds down the hill side in the soft snow.  We got to the goat cliffs and there found steep glissades and  shelves on the rock with overhanging cliffs dropping hundreds of  feet from one to the other. Here were no trees to catch hold of or  to stop one if feet gave way so after going along on the steep  slopes about 1/2 mile Austin and I decided it wasn't good enough  as we had no nails and nothing to give us a grip and the thought  20 ohs OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  of going over one of those cliffs was not pleasant, so we "beat it"  back again and after a very long trail got down to the lake level  about 4.30 when it was getting dark. We rowed across the lake and  drove the ponies off to find their way back and got to Fraser's  cabin about 6.30 pm - this simple little shack seemed as comfortable as a palace after our nights out in the snow.  We stayed there two days and then crossed the lake and  stayed two days with one Major Curwen23 and his wife and children and a lady help (Mrs Stanton, who turned out to be sister-in-  law to Lt Col. Heard my boss in Assam). Curwen and his wife are  on the edge of things and devoid of comforts and what most would  consider necessities, he makes a living by driving a stage motor  car and doing hauling and carrying with the car. Farming being in  such a bad way as to be working at a loss.  We (Austin, Fraser and I) went out on the hill sides once or  twice to try and see a deer but didn't see any, though Dennison  and Walker who also came into the valley each shot a deer. They  went out before dawn about 4 am (freezing hard) and spent all day  after them whereas we stopped to do chores for Mrs Curwen till  about 11 am and took it all much less strenuously.  Nov. 8th  Hugh came over from Vernon with the Ford and drove us all  three back and the kit to Vernon. Fraser went in to Vernon and  Gus, Hugh and I went out to the school, glad to be back after a  most enjoyable experience at Sugar Lake.  I forgot to say one evening at the lake we went out along the  shore and watched musk rats building their big winter pile of  reeds and saw otter slides and beaver dams but the animals themselves are rarely seen being nocturnal animals and very timid.  All trapping of fur animals is forbidden around here this  year, so all the men who generally have "trap lines" will not be  able to collect any furs this winter.24  Nov. 13th  After a few days at the school Hugh and I went for a short  trip to the further end of the Lake Okanagan. The motor sent to  take us to the Landing broke down and so we missed the boat and  so we took the car down the Long Lake road to Kelowna to pick  up the steamer at the first stop. This beautiful but dangerous road  has already been described (about 29th Oct).  This time we had a good driver and a fast car but only did  the 40 miles just in time - in fact the steamer was warping in as  we drew up. Hugh and I boarded the SS Sicamous and arrived at  OHS 21 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  Penticton about 8.00 and went to the [Incola] Hotel there for the  night where we dined and afterwards played billiards. We stayed  there for two days but it was cold, damp and foggy or else freezing so we didn't do much walking but chiefly played billiards.  We played 1100 up in the two days and in each game I  proved about 20-25% better than Hugh. We enjoyed ourselves fine  and the place seemed good to us. We boarded the ship at night at  the Hotel and got to Okanagan Landing about 12.30 pm next day  after a pretty morning on the lake. Gracie met us at Vernon and  we afterwards went out to Coldstream.  Nov 16th  To revert to Old Bill, he was taking an American sportsman  out shooting in the back woods and coming home one evening Bill  spotted a magnificent silver tip grizzly bear feeding a little way  off. This bear is the largest and most savage of the bears and therefore the best trophy. The hunter looked at it for a bit and turned  to Bill and said, "No, I haven't lost any grizzlies" and refused to go  after it.  Another of his sayings was "I thought I might as well go out  and chop some wood - if I stay in the shack I shall only be keeping a chair down."  Again referring to a slacker: "Don't think much of he; guess  he couldn't keep any sort of job down." The idea of a job sort of  struggling to get away from a man is a very suggestive simile.  A hungry man is a "sort of guy who can rustle the grub pile  pretty good."25  "This seems good to me" of anything he likes. This type of  remark is only effective in the mouth of a dry old fellow like Bill.  Hugh was pretty useful in this sort of way and when we  were hurrying into a certain place after a long cold walk he  remarked, "Guess we hit the pee-parlour pretty good." The word  parlour or parlor is always used for such things as dental parlor,  shampoo parlor etc etc.  Remark of a trapper when looking at a picture in a Vernon  shop representing Christ half-way down a fearful precipice to rescue a lamb (not meant irreligiously): "Guess He'll have some job  packing out that 'big horn.'"  Nov 17th to 24th  Spent these days very pleasantly with Grace and the boys  and the school staff. One day I took the dogs Madge (or  "Magenta") and Clip - or the "Copra boy," "copper boy," etc etc.,  Austin's two sporting dogs, and went up over Rattlesnake Hill, a  22 ohs OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  big hill overlooking the school valley and extending down  between the two arms of the Long Lake. The view from the top  was very beautiful and I took a few photos tho' the weather was  overcast and dull.  Percival Mackie captioned this photo "Coldstream Valley from  Rattlesnake Hill," November 1922. More specifically, it shows  Coldstream Valley from the South Range, with W.R. Grieve's house in  the foreground. (Courtesy Peter Mackie)  Saw a prairie wolf [coyote] up there and there are always  mule deer to be got there but I didn't see any. Spent nearly all day  on the hill and enjoyed it very much, so wild and free up there  and always a chance of seeing some game.  It turned out afterwards that the plates I bought for my small  camera (Verascope) are all hopelessly stale and fogged and no  more could be got till I got to Tokyo where I had to go specially for  them. The two dozen carefully selected views taken in Canada  were all useless so I had only those taken with the Kodak and  owing to the lack of sunlight these were not always very good  either.  Nov 23rd  Gracie, Gus and Hugh came in to Vernon to see me off by  the early afternoon train for Sicamous where I stayed the night so  as to see the remainder of the hill journey by day.  ohs 23 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  "The C.P.R. Hotel at Sicamous," November 1922. Percival Mackie stayed here on his last  night in the interior of British Columbia. (Courtesy Peter Mackie)  Notes and References  F.P. Mackie, "Record of Service Brevet-Colonel F. Percival Mackie," MS in  George Mackie's possession.  See Jean Barman, "The World that British Settlers Made: Class, Ethnicity  and Private Education in the Okanagan Valley," in W. Peter Ward and  Robert A.J. McDonald, British Columbia: Historical Readings (Vancouver:  Douglas & Mclntyre, 1981), 600-626; Anne Pearson, An Early History of  Coldstream and Lavington (Vernon, BC: Wayside Press, 1986), 77-80, 139-  141; Theresia Hurst, Vernon and District Pioneer Routes (Vernon, BC:  Okanagan Historical Society, 1997), 113-115.  Margaret A. Ormsby, Coldstream - Nulli Secundus (Vernon, BC: District of  Coldtream, 1990), 63.  "Modern St. Patrick Death to Okanagan's Rattlesnakes," Vancouver Sun,  21 May 1951, 7; "No Sympathy for Snakes," British Columbia Report (18  May 1998), 17.  See Hugh F. Mackie, "Private Schools in the Okanagan Valley," OHS,  Twelfth Annual Report, 1948, 60-65.  See Joan Heriot, "Paddy Mackie," OHS, Sixty-Fourth Annual Report, 2000,  193-94.  F.P. Mackie's 1922-23 diary is in George Mackie's possession  See Mary Mackie, "Children Venturers," OHS, Fifty-Eighth Annual Report,  1994, 46-53.  In fact, it is slightly less than 2900 miles from Montreal to Vancouver.  Strictly speaking, the Okanagan Valley starts just north of Armstrong and  runs south to the confluence of the Okanagan and Columbia rivers near  Brewster, Washington.  Austin was also a dedicated ornithologist. See, for example, A.C. Mackie,  24 ohs OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  A.O. Munro, and J.A. Munro, "Christmas Bird Census 1944, Okanagan  Landing, Vernon, B.C.," Canadian Field Naturalist 59 (1945), 37. Many of  Austin's specimens are now at the Royal BC Museum.  13 In fact, the trip from Vernon to Penticton was about sixty-five miles.  14 Known at first as the "Kelowna Road," this is now Highway 97. It was the  site of many mishaps including one that befell Agnes Marjoribanks, who  went off the road. "She didn't roll," recalls Joan Heriot. "She kept her  head and just drove to the bottom!" Interview with Joan Heriot, 6 April  2003 (all interviews noted below were conducted by Richard Mackie).  15 Austin and Percival Mackie were devoted sportsmen. See Austin's memoir, "Fin, Feather, & Scale," MS (c 1949) in the Mackie Family Papers (Add  Mss 2304), British Columbia Archives. Hugh, on the other hand, preferred fishing to shooting and hunting.  16 Walker has not been identified. Norman Denison (c.1890-1958), also  known as "Darby," had a stump ranch and trap line in the Creighton  Valley east of Lumby. See OHS, Twenty-Third Annual Report, 1959, 101;  Pearson, An Early History of Coldstream and Lavington, 107. For the  career of his son John see Edith Iglauer, Denison's Ice Road (New York:  Dutton, 1975).  17 William (Bill) Jacob Fraser (c. 1872-1960). "His early years were spent in  Iowa, but he arrived in Revelstoke in 1897, and after a period of trap line  and similar work in that area, settled at Sugar Lake, his home for many  years. He built Fraser Lodge at the upper end of the lake .... He sold his  property in 1954 and moved to Okanagan Landing." OHS, Twenty-Fourth  Annual Report, 1960, 111.  18 Fraser had sold portions of his Sugar Lake land to the Mackies and to  George and Maud Barclay (nee Cornwall), who built cabins there in 1922-  23. Interviews with Noni Bankes (nee Barclay), 1 April 1992 and with  John Barclay, 14 July 1993. For George Nevil Barclay (1867-1926) see  David Gregory, "The Beginning of Summerland 100 Years Ago," Okanagan  History, Sixty-sixth annual Report (2002), 59-71.  19 In the absence of roads at Sugar Lake, loggers sent Douglas Fir and White  Pine logs down steep chutes into the lake, boomed them, and drove them  down the Shuswap River. Interview with John Barclay, 26 April 2003.  20 Trapper, logger, and woodsman Bill Hollingsworth was a fixture in the  Cherryville-Sugar Lake area early in the twentieth century. "He is a typical trapper," recorded diarist Alice Parke in June 1898, "- gaunt, muscular  and grim." Jo Fraser Jones, ed., Hobnobbing with a Countess and Other  Okanagan Adventures: The Diaries of Alice Barrett Parke, 1891-1900  (Vancouver: UBC Press), 262.  21 The hunters took a pack pony trail known as the Sugar Mountain Trail,  which started on the eastern shore of Sugar Lake and followed Sugar  Creek to a forestry lookout station near the summit. The "goat cliffs" were  to the south of Sugar Mountain Trail. They consisted of a 4,000 foot drop  from Sugar Ledge. "You could walk up to the top and look down the cliffs  to Sitkum Creek," recalls John Barclay. "One of my brothers shot a goat  there once." It was "very hard to get one of those goats" owing to the difficulty of retrieving the animal. Interviews with Paddy Mackie, 14 July  1993 and with John Barclay, 24 and 26 April 2003.  22 Austin, for one, was a close student of camping methods and woods craft  generally. See A.C. Mackie, "I Prefer to Camp Alone," Rod and Gun and  Canadian Silver Fox News 32:3 (August 1930), 191-192, 202.  23 Montague Anstruther ("Mac") Curwen (1883-1971), born in St Andrews,  Scotland and brought up in Somerset. He came to British Columbia in  ohs 25 OKANAGAN IMPRESSIONS: THE 1922 DIARY OF PERCIVAL MACKIE  1904 and helped survey the Coldstream irrigation system. Before the First  World War he bought a stump ranch on the Shuswap River west of  Cherryville, and in 1914 married Vera Marshall (1892-1947), the daughter  of an Anglican priest near Salisbury, who had come to Vernon as governess to the Lefroy family. At the time of Percival Mackie's visit the  Curwens had three young children and were building Tillicum Inn at the  south end of Sugar Lake. It opened in May 1923. Interview with Dave  Curwen, 10 July 1998.  One of them was George Washington Gates, an American who trapped  beaver, mink, marten, fisher, and weasel on the Shuswap River north of  the lake. One winter he cleared $4,000 which he lost at poker the following summer. Interviews with John Barclay, 14 July 1993, 26 and 28 April  2003.  Dave Curwen remembers Hollingsworth as a "grizzled old character" who  lived in a houseboat at the lower end of Sugar Lake. Once, Hollingsworth  fried an egg and dumped it into his porridge. Dave said, "You're going to  eat that!?" And Hollingsworth said, "Yes - they all get mixed up in the  end!" John Barclay recalls Hollingsworth as "an old rogue" who bootlegged liquor to loggers and other residents of the lake. Interviews with  Dave Curwen, 10 July 1998 and with John Barclay, 14 July 1993.  26 ohs A Place of Sunshine  and Fair Weather  Letters from British Columbia 1924-1932  Written to Rosamund, a friend in England  by Anne Louise Crafter  Anne Crafter was the third of four sisters: Lucy (21), Katharine  (Katie) (19), Anne (17), Norleen (15), who returned with their  mother to Canada in 1924, following a period spent in England.  Their mother was from an old-established family, the Vartys, from  Cumbria in the north of England. Their father was from London and  amongst other enterprises served in the North West Mounted Police  and farmed in Alberta, where Anne was born in 1907.  Whilst in England, Anne was sent for a time to a girls' boarding  school, Gardenhurst, near Weston-super-Mare, where she met  Rosamund Swain. Back in Canada, Anne kept in touch with  Rosamund, writing long letters to her. In 1933, Anne finally returned  to England, where she trained in physiotherapy and later married and  spent the rest of her life.  Rosamund later became Lady Skelhorne, by virtue of her marriage to Sir Norman Skelhorne, the Director of Public Prosecutions, a  principal officer of the English legal system. She and Anne remained  friends until Anne's death in 1998. When Rosamund died two years  later, these letters (thirty-one in all) were returned to Anne's elder son,  John Brock, who transcribed them.  The first letters, numbers 1, 2 and 3 were printed in last year's  67th Report. This year, letters 4, 5 and 6 are printed- again with  few omissions- as Anne Crafter describes life in the Okanagan  Valley in 1925.  With thanks to John Brock and his cousin, Eileen (Day) Chappell, for bringing  them to our attention and to John Brock for permission to reprint them here.  *The title, A Place of Sunshine and Fair Weather is a phrase used by Anne in  Letter 8 (17.11.25) to describe the Okanagan.  ohs 27 A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  Letter 4  23.4.25  Kelowna, B.C., Canada  My dear Rosamund,  Saturday: It is a simply lovely day. I'm writing this on the  back veranda. Norleen and I are going up to the Mission for the  day. We are going out by stage at 10.0, then we are taking a trail  up the mountains past a lovely little lake and we are going to have  dinner just above it where there is the most lovely view up and  down the Okanagan. After dinner Katie is joining us and we are  going on to Crawford's Falls where we shall have tea. I expect we  shall be back at about 8.0 pm. The creeks are in flood now and  are simply rushing down from the mountains. The Mission creek  has risen about five feet. The water is so clear and as cold as ice.  Next Saturday a party of us is going a tremendous climb up  the mountains to the railway line. We are going to flag a train and  get them to take us about twenty miles then we are coming back  by a great deep canyon and a trail through the forest. The climb  up to the line will take us a good five hours steady going and the  walk back another five or  six. The railway is wonderful. It goes along  impossible places and  there are some high  bridges. It is supposed to  be a very dangerous line  and I believe it is going to  be closed soon. Do you  know when they were  building that line a life  was lost for every mile  they did.  Last Wednesday we  all went for a picnic at  Cedar Creek about fourteen miles from here. We  were there the whole day.  We paddled in the creek  but it was far too cold to  be pleasant.  My wits seem awfully scattered and I am  writing a most disjointed  Anne at Ewings Landing, 1926. (Counesy Eileen  Chappell)  28 ohs A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  letter. I really never have much time for writing now what with  babies and our own work, the Y.P.s, the various clubs I belong  [to], the sewing I have to do and the colossal expeditions  crammed into the odd days. Today while I am up at the Mission  I have got to fit in a singing lesson. I don't believe anyone at the  Lodge really thought I did sing. I'd give anything to sing really  beautifully. The person who is going to teach me is supposed to  be awfully good.  There isn't really a theatre here. There isn't a really good  theatre in the whole of Western Canada, in fact there is only one  small one at Vancouver. The cinema here has a small stage and  all the small towns get up plays from time to time. Kelowna is  doing "Dear Brutus" in a few weeks and Penticton has been here  with the "Mikado". Nanki-Poo was taken by a stout elderly gentleman but he had quite a good voice!  I don't know what has happened to the two brothers who  were burnt out but I guess they are living in a shack somewhere  round. The night before last in the big storm a house was burnt  down and the people escaped and only just managed to save the  children. Of course everyone is sorry for them losing all their  belongings - but a dance will be given to raise funds for the new  house and anyone who can will contribute clothes and odd  things. Fires are so common that they hardly cause any interest.  I am getting quite used to the fire alarm which makes a most  ghastly noise that can be heard for miles. They have just finished  building a new fire hall. I went over it the other day. There are  three magnificent fire engines, it is quite a sight to see them racing along to the scene of the fire and all the other traffic just melting away before them. The engines are always out before the  alarm has ceased which is wonderful considering that nearly all  the firemen are volunteers working in stores and scattered all  over the town.  Now I must go.  Goodbye!  Heaps of love from  Anne  * * * *  Letter 5  23.5.25 Box 104, Kelowna, B.C.  My dear Rosamund,  Mother and I have both had flu.    I had one relapse and  ohs 29 A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  Mother had three. She had been ill for five weeks now and we  have had a very anxious time. I have found it almost too much  responsibility looking after her, but we have such a nice doctor. I  admire him awfully. He is awfully clever and interesting and  human. Do you know there are seven doctors here! It seems  absurd doesn't it! But of course they have patients fifty miles or  more away in the mountains and they often have to spend weeks  away. They own a little shack up in the hills where they go for  rests from time to time. They call it "Dunworkin". Rather good  don't you think?  Mrs Anderson is going away with hubby and the babes but I  have another chore, namely about fifty hens, countless chicks, ten  rabbits and countless baby rabbits to look after. Some time in  June I am going up to a lumber camp for a week or two. It will  be fun! I expect we shall live in a log cabin and eat with the gang.  I am going with the wife of the foreman. The camp is the other  side of the lake and right up the mountain-side, it is so beautiful  and the forests seem so vast.  We went a glorious climb last week. Setting out with the  intention of reaching Crawford's Falls we completely lost the track  but we climbed on up. It was very hot and tiring walking through  the unbroken bush, climbing up with one little rise after another.  The firs were not very thick and the ground was covered with big  golden sunflowers and here and there there were patches of scarlet Indian's Torch and great bushes of Saskatoon blossom and wild  roses. Well we went about three miles steadily climbing, when it  started to get steep. We were pretty tired and nearly turned back  but decided to make the first ridge if possible. I shall never forget  the moment when we arrived panting at the top and saw the view  before us and the view behind. It was literally a ridge that you  could sit astride and only about fifty yards long. It dipped in the  middle and rose to a peak at either end. Before us it went sheer  down for an immeasurable distance, a sandy cliff covered with  sunflowers. At the bottom we could hear a roar of water and  guessed it to be Crawford's Creek tho' the trees below were so  thick we could see nothing. Past the creek the mountains rose  again, a great stretch of forest rising up and up till it disappeared  into a veil of little clouds. Above that again the snow-covered top  stood out sharply against the blue sky. Behind us were the forests  reaching down to the valley and the lake gleaming blue and the  distant mountains all hazed with the smoke of a forest fire.  Monday  The Andersons are going today so we are having a busy time  packing up.  This is my dinner hour so to speak.  Lucy and I are  30 ohs A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  Family at bungalow about 1926. (Courtesy Eileen Chappell)  going to have a bath at six tonight. The water is warmer than the  North Sea but colder than the English Channel. I have a most  becoming cap, rather like an aviator's, and my bathing dress is terrifically short but has a most decent neck. They are both scarlet.  I am getting most awfully conceited and at any rate I am quite  respectably thin now.  Tomorrow I am having a most energetic day. I promised to  go to some friends at 7.0 am to help them pack and catch the  steamer. At about half past eight I am starting off for the Mission  for my singing lesson. After dinner the Haverfields are fetching  me back in their car and I am going down to the club to play tennis all the afternoon till supper when someone will fetch me  home. It is Dominion Day and everyone is being gay, probably  too gay, in the town. We are going to see "The Thief of Baghdad"  tonight. The Kelowna Dramatic Society has just given "Dear  Brutus". It was awfully good I have been told. The B.C. University  Players were here a short time ago and gave a very good play by  Philip Barry entitled "You and I". I saw that and it was simply  splendidly done.  All the cats in the neighbourhood have been kittening lately. Mr Hardcastle, who gets all his water from the end of the old  wharf, is fearfully indignant because he usually fishes up a kitten  or two in his bucket. Our little Isobel had a kitten but it was dead.  It is perfectly absurd as she is only a kitten herself.  OHS 31 A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  I don't think I told you but in August we are putting our  toothbrushes in a portmanteau and partaking ourselves to a  delightful spot along the lake where we are going to camp. Our  chief if not sole occupations will be bathing, boating, fishing and  killing rattlesnakes.  We will probably be leaving here before the end of the year  as it seems a fatal spot for rheumatism. We may only go to the  south of the lake but we may go to Salt Spring Island. Katie is  leaving the Haverfields in the autumn and is making arrangements to go up the Peace River or she may go up to the Athabasca  district. I am simply aching to go but Mother says I must be at  least twenty. Don't you envy her? I don't suppose you feel about  the far north as we do. You see it was Father's glorious country  where he lived for years and I guess it is a feeling more or less  born in us. "The call of the north" - it is a real thing to me. I shall  never forget the cold, grey, forbidding shores of Greenland, yet  they [were] fascinating and thrilled me deeply.  This letter seems to hang on for days and days. I just found  it in my drawer.  For the last three days it has been looking like rain and today  we have been having some lovely storms and the mountains are  covered with snow again.  The little bantam chicks started coming out yesterday but  the beastly hen has been killing them as fast as they hatched. I  saved four however. They are so sweet and wee today. Lucy is  waiting for the pen so goodbye and best love.  - from Anne.  P.S. I am going over to the lumber camp on Sunday. It is  awfully hot today. Lucy and I spent the afternoon at the club  playing tennis and didn't get back till 6 pm. The tennis tournament for the Interior Championship is held here. The courts are  very good and Kelowna is very enthusiastic over all games. We  belong to the grass courts. $15 a year, thank you! The hard courts  are $20.  Sorry I can't find more snaps, these are not very interesting.  Do send me some snaps, I am starting an album and it is  very bare.  32 ohs A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  Letter 6  14.8.25 Box 104, Kelowna, B.C.  My dear Rosamund,  I had a most exciting day yesterday. The Kelowna Regatta  was on and it happened to be the last day. Captain Woodmass  offered to take me into Kelowna in the morning (we are out camping now) and said he would fetch me in the evening. Now I must  tell you this Regatta is not a thing to be scoffed at. The whole of  B.C. sends in competitors and several of the B.C. championships  are competed for. Boats come from Vancouver, Nelson and all the  small towns on the lake, and the Lieutenant Governor rolls up in  all his glory. When I arrived in Kelowna at about nine the town  was hardly recognisable all decked out in orange and black  (Kelowna colors )[sic] and flags and simply packed with strangers  and cars from different parts of Canada and the States. I made my  way straight to the aquatic, and in reckless mood spent my last  dollar on a seat in the grandstand. The whole place was crowded  and there were quite a number of special police hustling the  crowd round. The grandstand, the banks of lake walk and the  shipping wharf were simply crowded and the edge of the lake was  lined with row boats, launches and yachts.  I cannot remember all the races they had in the morning but  they started with a motor launch race. There were some lovely  boats and I have never seen anything like the speed they went,  disappearing out of sight in less than no time. The finish was  pretty close and I believe a Vancouver boat won. I was sitting just  behind the judges' platform and it was very interesting watching  them. The gun they fired as each boat passed the winning post  nearly made me jump out of my shoes each time. While the  launches were away they had a canoe race, two paddles, a man  and a girl; a very pretty race to watch.  Then there were various swimming races, the most exciting  of which was the underwater. About twelve men competed and  the winner swam 56 yards. He was pretty well "done" when he  came up but it was a splendid swim. Then there were the three  hundred yards swims, one for men and one the girls. The official  launch, all brilliant white paint, brass and dazzling streamers,  took the swimmers out into the lake. The smoke was too dense  for us to see them start, but the megaphones shouted "Swimmers  are away", and gradually they came in sight followed by the official launch and several smaller launches. Quite a number of the  swimmers gave out and had to be rescued but the finish was pret-  ohs 33 A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  ty good. One man sank  like stone when within  fifty yards of the winning  post. A launch skimmed  out, a man dived overboard and the next  minute they had him in  the club house with two  doctors. Some kind of  heart attack I suppose, but  I wish people would  refrain from having them  in 70 feet of water, almost  gave me a heart attack  too. It was all very well  organised and the morning went without a hitch.  They even had a telephone from the judges'  box to the starters' platform.  Just  as  the   mega-  -, -i Anne at Ewings Landing, 1926. (Counesy Eileen  phones    were    shouting   chappdl)  "End of the morning program [sic]" the horrible scream of the fire alarm rose. For a  minute people remained silent, then as volumes of black smoke  started rolling up from the town, everyone, judges, competitors  half clothed, officials and audience lifted up their skirts and ran.  You should have seen the way stout gentlemen and elderly  women sprinted across the park. When we got nearer we could  hear the roar of flames and when we finally arrived on the scene  we found a large wooden building blazing merrily, not much loss  in itself but behind it a sawmill and next that the Lake View Hotel,  all wooden buildings. Both fire engines were at work. It's wonderful how quickly they get them to the scene of a fire as all the  men are voluntary. Some of the men had been swimming but  here we saw them buttoned up to the chin in macintoshes wearing little respirators working like fiends. Some of them played the  big hose (it needs four men to hold it) on the roof while others  worked feverishly with axes cutting holes thro' which to pass the  hose. It was thrilling to watch. Again and again they were driven  back by bursts of flames and smoke as the hole grew larger and  larger; finally five of them disappeared into it with the hose and  after an exciting time the fire was got under control and the crowd  dispersed.  34 ohs A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  I had dinner with some friends and at two returned to my  seat in the grandstand. The afternoon's program started with the  men's fancy diving from a height of 20 ft. The first dive was to  run to the end of the spring board, stand poised on their hands,  then swing out and cut clean into the water. The second was an  ordinary swallow dive. It is an awfully nice spring board and  throws you well as I know. The third a run and jump and touch  toes in mid air and then into the water head first. The fourth a  backwards dive and the fifth somersaults. All the diving was  splendid especially one man in a scarlet bathing dress whose  poise was perfect and who entered the water without a splash.  While the diving was in progress the three boats Vancouver,  Kelowna and Nelson left, under the protection of the official  launch, for the one mile. I don't know what you call those long  thin boats but they are like the Oxford and Cambridge race boats  only four oars. It was a most thrilling race. First one boat led and  then another. Vancouver passed the winning post first and at the  bang of the gun her crew collapsed. Nelson was second and  Kelowna last but not by much. It was a hot afternoon and it was  some time before they gathered together enough strength to row  back to the landing beach. In the ladies' race with the same boats  Kelowna came in first easily - and the ladies arrived in a perfectly healthy condition as Esme would say.  Now I must finish by telling you about the race I enjoyed  most of all, the war canoes. The megaphone shouted "Kelowna  war canoe leaving" and a great big canoe appeared with sixteen  men in it. I expect you know how they kneel on one knee and  the paddles all dip together. Soon after the other war canoes left  and took up their station half a mile from the grandstand. Then  we heard the gun on the official launch and the megaphones said  "War canoes away." During the afternoon the wind had risen and  the lake was quite rough so it was thrilling watching the canoes  flying thro' the water, tipping dangerously but righting each time,  the men swaying backwards and forwards as they dipped their  paddles at furious speed. As they passed the winning post they  seemed almost abreast and the gun went off three times in rapid  succession. Two men promptly fell overboard out of one canoe  and the motor launches went tearing out to pick them up.  After that there were more relay races some of which  Kelowna won, the men's and the girl guides' I believe. By this  time it was really very rough and the boats were simply being  tossed about. Several of the rowing races had to be scratched but  the race between the war canoes of the firemen and the aquatic  started in thrilling style. Every moment they seemed to be going  over but they came along with great speed amid flying spray and  ohs 35 A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  you could see the men straining to keep their balance. Then -  over went one canoe some distance out in the lake, away flew the  fastest launches and the official boat and before long the warriors  were all being picked up and the canoe was being dragged ashore.  The second canoe came tearing along to within 50 yds of the  shore, then over it went and the rescuing was repeated.  The last item on the program was surf riding which I missed  as I had to get home. When I left the lake was simply seething  and the steamer had some difficulty in getting up to the Kelowna  wharf. I should rather like to have seen the giving away of the  cups but that was not till later in the evening. The total value of  the cups was $3,000 so you can imagine they were worth winning.  Now I must stop for tonight. I have given up apologising for  my terrifically long letters but it runs in the blood I'm afraid.  Father wrote me 43 pages the other day, paper this size. I had to  pay over weight, I hope you don't.  By the way I am writing this in my tent by the light of a stable lantern. I have been wondering which would give out first,  the lantern or my pen but my eyes have. Outside the wind is  howling and the lake is lashing against the shore. It has been like  this since yesterday and is quite a change from the hot weather.  If only it would rain there would be some hope for the fire fighters but this wind will be making things worse.  Saturday  This morning we started at 6 am and went for a terrific  climb. Oh it was so beautiful! The valley is filled with clouds but  this big wind has driven the smoke away and for the first time for  weeks we can see across the lake and the mountains to the S. and  N. We saw some very recent bear tracks and we actually saw a  deer. We had dinner some time ago and have just come in from a  bath. For once the water seemed quite cold. There are some  delightful diving places here of various heights and next year I  hope to go in for some of the aquatic races. I was going in for the  swimming under water (I can swim 40 yards) but Mother did not  want me to compete with men and I think myself that she was  right, only I was disappointed. Very often we row out into the  lake, dive overboard and swim back leaving one to fetch in the  boat. We have a lot of boating, tennis, and parties. The other  night we went to a bonfire party; four of us, four Fuller girls, who  are the same age as we four and very nice, two Woodmass girls we  knew in England, a Dutch girl and three Canadians, just a girls'  party you see. We had supper then built a great big bonfire in the  bed of the creek which is quite dry now. We told stories and  played round games and had great fun.   At 11.30 Mr Thorn took  36 ohs A PLACE OF SUNSHINE AND FAIR WEATHER  us home. It was pitch dark and we had [to] climb a very steep narrow path and then cross about a mile of bush with no path at all  so Mr Thorn carried a lantern and we came after him in single  file. We had to circle round a bunch of range cattle and far up in  the mountains we could hear the coyotes howling.  The Interior of B.C. Championships, tennis, were played a  few weeks ago. Lucy and I watched and saw some splendid tennis. It was awfully hot tho' and I was amused to see the men carry  bath towels, large ones, on to the court with them. In every interval they dried their faces and arms and their shirts were wringing  wet. The scorers perched on their high seats were supplied with  parasols and everyone drank iced water continually. I expect you  have heard of McGill and Dodwell and the Ryles [spellings?] or  perhaps you are as uninterested in Canadian tennis as we are in  English and don't know them from Adam.  I had to stop here as some friends arrived and asked us to go  to the pictures to see Tom Mix in "Dick Turpin's Ride to York".  Tom Mix is a great favourite here and the audience simply yell  with joy at his feats.  Well we have prayed for rain with great fervour during the  last few weeks and now it has come and tomorrow we shall have  Thanksgiving. The forest fires have been simply terrible in B.C.  There have been quite a number round here and we have been  living under a thick cloud of smoke obscuring the sun entirely but  making it very hot and breathless. Hundreds of men have been  out fire fighting. At Armstong, a town not far from here, 150 miles  perhaps, the city water and electricity supply has been cut off and  the mountains rising steeply on every side have just been a blazing furnace. I wonder if you would like to see a local paper, it  would give you quite a good idea of Kelowna. Don't be surprised  if you get a Kamloops Sentinel or a Kelowna Courier.  I'm tired of writing. The lake is very grey and uninviting  looking but I'm going for a swim and then to bed. Seeing the hills  again makes me want to get away up to them. Some day I'm going  to take a pack horse and ride up some trail.  Anne  ohs 37 WE DO REMEMBER  To a Cynic  Written by Dorothy W. Rees, 1944  I had six beautiful children  As healthy as you'd see,  But the cynic said, "What good are they"  You'd be better off  like me!"  And I laughed at him, there in the sunshine,  And I told him, "Just wait and see."  I had four boys in khaki,  But one had to stay on the farm.  And work for sixteen hours a day,  By the sweat of his brow and the strength of  his arm  To raise food to send  overseas,  For his brothers in England and Italy.  And the youngest lad with laughing blue eyes  And the curly golden hair;  Went off on a troop train in sunshine  And came home - in the rain, on a bier.  He gave his life his country.  He sees God, face to face.  And his sister just out of high school  Joined up to take his place  So only the youngest is left at home,  And the cynic said, "What did I say?  What good are your children now to you?"  They are dead or gone away!  But I answered him, oh blind, oh blind.  My poor friend, can you not see?  It is boys and girls like these of mine,  Who have kept this Canada free!  38 ohs About the author: Dorothy Rees wrote this poem after the loss of two of her  sons, Bruce and Harry, in the Second World War. The Rees family was one of  four families in the little town of Armstrong who lost two of their sons to that  War. Dorothy's poem was published in the Armstrong Advertiser and  undoubtedly helped other local families accept their own personal losses.  The author of the accompanying article, Debbie Brown is one of Dorothy's  fifteen grandchildren.  Dorothy Rees (center) with sons Gunner Bruce  Dixie Rees (18 years old) and Private Henry "Harry"  Rees (21 years old) at her Wood Avenue home in  Armstrong in 1942. (Courtesy the Rees family)  ohs 39 The Road to Rimini  by Debbie (Schultz) Brown  It was an extremely hot and humid afternoon when our train  arrived in Rimini, Italy. Little did my husband Rob, my daughter Courtney and I know, we had arrived in Europe during a  record-breaking heat wave. Like many of the train stations in  Europe, Rimini was very unassuming. We walked to our hotel and  discovered the town was, in fact, a resort. Rimini is in the  province of Emilia-Romagna, 100 kilometres southeast of Bologna.  Miles and miles of beaches and hotels lined the shore of the  Adriatic Sea, along with beautiful white sands and miles of beach  chairs and umbrellas. What brought me to Rimini, was to go to  my Uncle Harry's gravesite.  He was born Henry Cavendish Rees on May 17, 1921, to  Charles Gerald Rees and Dorothy Winifred (Greenhill) Rees in  Winnipeg, Manitoba. Harry was the third son, after John and  Nigel. Still in infancy, the family moved to Armstrong, British  Columbia, to settle down. Charles worked for Canadian Pacific  Railways while Dorothy raised their family, which soon included  Bruce, Sheila (Schultz) and Eve (Cross).  Raised in numerous homes throughout Armstrong and  Spallumcheen, Harry worked hard on the family farm, finding  time to explore the surrounding area with his siblings. He attended school at Armstrong Elementary. After school, he and Nigel  decided to take over the family farm on Knob Hill, while the rest  of the family moved into Armstrong on Wood Avenue.  In 1939, with war raging in Europe, both Harry and Nigel  joined the Rocky Mountain Rangers in Vernon. Before Nigel knew  it, Harry had signed up and joined the war in 1940. By now both  John and Bruce had enlisted, and had become gunners. Being the  only son left at home, Nigel was required to stay home and look  after running the farm.  Debbie (Schultz) Brown is the second daughter of Ben and Sheila (Rees)  Schultz. Both Debbie and her husband Rob were born and grew up in  Armstrong. Together they raised three children: Kristopher, Matthew and  Courtney. Rob has a successful Plumbing and Sheet Metal business in  Vernon, carrying on from his father, Ron Brown and his grandfather, Harvey  Brown. Debbie has worked for the Armstrong and North Okanagan Shuswap  School Districts for the past fourteen years, and is currently secretary at  Grindrod Elementary.  40 ohs THE ROAD TO RIMINI  Now in the Army, Harry  travelled throughout B.C. to  different training bases in  Kamloops, New Westminster,  Prince Rupert and Nanaimo.  On November 29, 1941, Harry  married Ruby Winnifred  Chanda in New Westminster,  B.C. In July he was sent to  Woodstock Ontario to complete  training on tracked vehicles.  On October 12, 1942, Diane  Sharon Rees (Vendrasco) was  born.  On February 6, 1943,  Harry, now a gunner, set sail  with the Princess Patricia's  Canadian Light Infantry for  England. In May, Harry  received word that his brother  Bruce had died while on  manoeuvres in Nova Scotia.  He was nineteen years old. In  June, upon her graduation, my  mother Sheila enlisted in the  Women's Corps, in the same  spirit as her elder brothers.  Harry endured six  months of training, where he improved his skills as a sniper. A  National War Archives diary presents the following vignette representing Harry's and the other PPCLI's experiences:  "On June 28, 1943, the troops set sail for Sicily aboard the LLangibby  Castle. The weather was increasingly hot and sunburned backs were common. Messages were played over the public address system from Rear  Admiral Vines, General Montgomery, who welcomed us as members of the  famous Eighth Army, and General McNaughton, praised the men and  wished them luck with the coming tasks. Lectures and briefings about what  lay ahead, the country and the problems it presented were frequent. On July  9, 1943, while all ranks were assembled, an "Order of the Day" by Brigadier  C. Vokes was read. The message read as follows: "Actions speak louder than  words: Go in and get the bastards." The words were typical of our Brigadier.  And a roaring cheer greeted them. Rough seas met the ship just off Malta  which could postpone D Day in Sicily, but the wind died down and we only  had to contend with medium swells. A hot dinner was served followed by a  large number of the combined forces singing some of our regimental songs -  the Ric a Dam Doo proved as popular as ever.  Private Henry "Harry" Cavendish Rees of the  Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry.  (Courtesy the Rees family)  OHS 41 THE ROAD TO RIMINI  On July 10, 1943, troops disembarked west and south west ofPachino,  Sicily. The weather was very hot, and they met no hostility. However, flares  and flack were visible as our heavy bombers pounded Pachino. Serials stood  by in their mess decks at 2345 hrs, 9 Jul. and at approx. 0100 hrs, first flights  were lowered to commence the rough 7 mile trip to Sugar Green Beach. The  landing was made with "B" and "D" Company in the assault. Complete surprise was effective. A certain amount of machine gun firing on fixed lines  was encountered and also some heavy wire. Serials made up from Battalion  Headquarters, "A" and "C" Companies followed the assaulting troops and  came under heavy fire from Coastal Batteries which were silenced at 0445 hrs  by Navy guns. At approximately 1000 hrs., the 1st phase was completed and  the Battalion consolidated with the Companies taking up positions previously allotted. There were few casualties and many Italian prisoners were taken  without a fight. The natives were very friendly and appeared happy to have  their country invaded by the Allied Forces. At 2130 hrs, the 2nd phase commenced. Troops came under fire, and an attack was put in which resulted  in an enemy surrender and the capture of 4 Italian guns intact"'.  By August 1943, the allied troops, now including the  Americans, had captured all of Sicily, the first piece of Hitler's  Europe, and were ready to advance to mainland Italy. By this  time, Mussolini had been imprisoned and Nazi Germany was now  in charge of Italy. Seventeen days after the fall of Sicily would be  the invasion of Italy.  "Italy is 75% mountains and hills. It is a beautiful country. The boot  of Italy is roughly 160 km wide, from the Tyrrhenian Sea to the Adriatic Sea.  The Apennine mountain range runs the length of the peninsula and gives  Italy a rocky spine. The mountains are cut with river valleys and narrow  roads meander through them. Small villages nestle high up on the hillsides  and in the valleys. Any movement is limited to the roads and railways which  are overseen by the heights that surround them. The weather in this region  is hot and humid in the summer and rainy, overcast and cold in the fall-winter period. The conditions result in extremes in temperatures, from sweltering heat to frost. The damp from continuous rain makes the colder temperatures bone-chilling, colder than a Prairie winter. The rain brings the mud  and floods. Mud can be as great an opponent to armies as their enemy. In  the Italian Campaign all of nature's own would be used against the Allies. In  addition the Germans would be adding their own twists to make Italy an even  more formidable place"2.  The Canadians invaded Italy on September 1, 1943. By the  end of September, 1943, the Canadian troops had successfully captured land to the "heel" of Italy, from Salerno on the west coast to  Bari on the east. The battle was fierce, and it was going to be a  harder fight on to Rome. In October, the Allies pushed back the  enemy to capture Naples; casualties and victims were mounting.  "The ground chosen by the German generals was amongst the most rugged  and difficult and where the Italian peninsula was only 140km across. It was  a region with few roads. Into this area the German engineers, using more  than 6,000 Italian civilians as forced labourers, built anti-tank ditches, strung  42 ohs THE ROAD TO RIMINI  barbed wire, planted 75,000 mines, set booby-traps, and constructed concrete  strong-points and machine-gun nests. In addition the Germans blew-up 6,665  metres of tunnel, 12,210 metres of bridge, and uprooted or disabled almost  700,000 metres of railway. As part of their "scorched earth policy", they created landslides, cratered roads, destroyed villages, and drove the unwanted  refugees into the Allied lines. Anything that could be of use to the Allies was  eliminated. Crossing the Moro River on to Ortona would prove difficult and  deadly.  By December 27, 1943, Ortona was under allied command"2.  A letter home to Nigel, February 02, 1944 read, "I think I  could enjoy it here if Jerry were a little further away". In July of  1944, Harry contracted malaria and was hospitalized, then put in  the Supply Company.  It was a cloudy warm day, September 19, 1944. The  Battalion was still being shelled heavily, but there was a slackening in the intensity. Troops were sent to cross the River Ausa. Not  too much happened that day, casualties were: 9 wounded, 4 sick  and 2 killed, and Uncle Harry was one of them.  "It was with General  Montgomery's 8th Army  that this young man travelled in the first boat to  land in Sicily. Till July of  this year Pte. Rees was  Platoon sniper, then after  attacks of malaria was put  in the Supply Company,  and it was while on duty in  this capacity that he was  killed on September 19,  after going through all  Sicily and Italy campaigns.  It was reported that Pte.  Rees was a very good shot  and as well as having  power to make firm  friends, he was very popular in his regiment."  {Obituary from the  Armstrong Advertiser}  It is beautiful  around Rimini: early  Roman architecture,  horse statues and fountains abound. The  sharp cliffs carve down  to the long stretched  beaches, fragrant olive  Debbie (Schultz) Brown and daughter Courtney Brown  beside Uncle Harry's grave in Italy on August 2, 2003.  (Courtesy Rob Brown)  OHS 43 THE ROAD TO RIMINI  trees, row upon row of grapevines, and exotic plants blooming  everywhere. It must have been difficult to see the beauty with  war all around.  Uncle Harry was buried in a cemetery in Rimini. In 1946,  all British dead were moved from Rimini and buried at Coriano  Ridge British Empire Cemetery.  On August 2, 2003, Rob, Courtney and I walked two kilometers to the Coriano War Cemetery. It was so hot and humid. I  could just imagine those poor soldiers, in their fatigues, with their  packs and weapons strapped on. We went into the gated cemetery, up the wide, beautiful marbled stairs, and into a covered  area; inside was a small cupboard with a cross on it and inside  were books with soldiers' names and a guest book. I found  Harry's name, "Henry Cavendish Rees" and started to cry. We had  found him. I was sad that I couldn't share the moment with my  Mother.  There they were, row upon row of headstones. The rows  have plants surrounding the headstones with perfectly manicured  lawns dividing them. Uncle Harry's headstone, whose name is  spelled wrong, was in Row 13. Courtney found him. I sat down  and tears invaded me again.  It reads:  K42999 Private  K. C. Rees  Princess Patricia's Canadian Light Infantry  19th September 1944    Age 23  "Be thou faithful unto death and I will give thee a crown of life"  Rest in peace, Uncle Harry. Thank you. I will make every  attempt to have your initial corrected to "H" by contacting the  Commonwealth War Graves Commission.  Your niece,  Debbie  Resources:  1. Canada. National Library of Canada and National Archives of Canada.  War Diary. PPCLI: June 13 - July 10. 1943. Ottawa: 1943  2. Christie, N.M. Hard-Won Victory: The Canadians at Ortona. 1943.  Ottawa: CEF Books, 2001  44 ohs Filling In The Gaps  by James H. (Jim) Hayes  Why is it some objects of importance, from time to time,  "slip through the cracks" of recorded history? When dealing with the past, however, it is never too late to "fill in  the gaps."  A case in point: It came to light some seven years ago, that  details of Kelowna's War Memorials were never recorded in  Ottawa's Public Archives, yet information was on file covering  those located in Peachland, Summerland, Penticton, Vernon and  Armstrong.  Obviously, someone "goofed"!  The writer undertook the task of researching and compiling  details on Kelowna's memorials/cenotaphs, and forwarding same  to the Public Archives for their records.  With this documentation now in hand, the Kelowna Branch  of the Okanagan Historical Society concluded it is appropriate to  record it locally for posterity.  Kelowna War Memorial/Cenotaph  Located in Kelowna City Park, on Abbott Street, this memorial is a monolith of Canadian grey stone measuring three feet  eight inches by two feet three inches by ten feet six inches high.  It was constructed in Toronto at a cost of $4,500, and dedicated on  August 7, 1921, by The Venerable Archdeacon Thomas E. Greene.  There are 134 names inscribed on the Kelowna Cenotaph.  (Later research indicates several names may have inadvertently  been omitted.)  A stone tablet on the curbing around the base really says it all:  "IN GRATEFUL AND LOVING MEMORY OF THE MEN FROM KELOWNA AND DISTRICT WHO GAVE THEIR LIVES FOR THEIR COUNTRY  IN THE GREAT WAR 1914-18."  Six stones, with the names of the eighteen engagements in  which Canadian soldiers distinguished themselves are erected at  the foot of the memorial as follows:  James H. Hayes was born in England and came to Canada in 1924. During  the Second World War he was stationed at Camp Vernon, Canadian Battle  Drill School, Coldstream, before going overseas. He moved to Winfield in  1946 and later to Kelowna. He is a past Director of the Kelowna Branch,  Okanagan Historical Society.  ohs 45 FILLING IN THE GAPS  LE CHATEAU  VALENCIENNES  MONS  YPRES  FESTUBERT  GIVENCHY  Kelowna Branch  ST. ELOI  SANCTUARY WOOD  THE SOMME  COURCELETTE  VIMY RIDGE  HILL 70  LENS ARRAS  PASSCHENDALLE BOURLON WOOD  AMIENS CAMBRAI  Great War Veterans' Association, forerunner of Branch 26, The Royal Canadian Legion, played a prominent  part in acquiring the Kelowna War Memorial.  On July  19, 1986, the  area surrounding the War  Memorial was  officially designated "VETERANS' MEMORIAL SQUARE,"  commemorating the sixtieth  anniversary of  Branch 26, The  Royal Canadian  Legion. Also on  July 19, 1986,  the boulevard  leading to VETERANS' MEMORIAL SQUARE  was proclaimed  "VEENDAM  WAY" by His  Worship  Burgomaster  Rudolph Gerrit  Boekhoven, in recognition of the Sister City association between  the cities of Kelowna and Veendam, the Netherlands, and to  demonstrate tangibly his citizens' gratitude for the part played by  the British Columbia Dragoons in liberating them from German  occupation in World War Two.  On an adjacent wall of VETERANS' MEMORIAL SQUARE, is  a bronze plaque recording the names of seventy-five men and  women from Kelowna and District who paid the supreme sacrifice  in World War Two.   Flanking this plaque are smaller bronze pan-  Kelowna War Memorial. (Courtesy the author)  46 ohs FILLING IN THE GAPS  els reflecting the names of sixteen battles/engagements participated in by Canadian Forces in World War Two, as well as "KOREA  1950 - 1953", and "SOUTH AFRICA 1899 - 1902."  Rutland War Memorial  Located in Rutland Lions Park on Gray Road, the Rutland  War Memorial is a square grey granite obelisk, approximately  twelve feet high, with a square  base of two and one-half feet  each side.  Research reveals that the  Rutland Women's Institute, following the end of World War  One, was responsible for having a memorial erected on the  school grounds on the westerly side of Rutland Road.  Dedication took place circa  1919 - 1920. The memorial  was originally enclosed within  a chain style fence; however  upon relocation to Rutland  Lions Park, a wrought iron  enclosure in the form of a  quadrangle approximately one  and one-half feet high by fourteen feet wide on each side  was constructed.  In 1973 the Rutland Lions  Club, in concert with Central  Okanagan Army, Navy and Air  Force Veterans' Unit 376  arranged for the memorial to be  moved to its present location.  At the base there are three  Rutland War Memorial. (Counesy the author)        plaques inscribed as follows:  "ERECTED BY THE RESIDENTS OF RUTLAND AND ELLISON TO THE  PROUD LOVING MEMORY OF THE 25 BRAVE HEARTS WHO GAVE  THEIR LIVES FOR LIBERTY AND FREEDOM OF THE EMPIRE."  "REFURBISHED BY THE ARMY, NAVY AND AIRFORCE VETERANS'  UNIT 376."  "THEY SHALL NOT GROW OLD, AS WE THAT ARE LEFT GROW OLD.  AGE SHALL NOT WEARY THEM NOR THE YEARS CONDEMN.  AT  ohs 47 FILLING IN THE GAPS  THE GOING DOWN OF THE SUN AND IN THE MORNING WE WILL  REMEMBER THEM."  On two sides of the memorial, bronze plaques reflect the  names of those who gave their lives in World Wars One and Two.  At the base a small tablet recognizes the Korean conflict.  Kelowna Fire Brigade War Memorial  The Kelowna Fire Brigade War Memorial is located at the  corner of Lawrence Avenue and Water Street, adjacent to the original Kelowna Fire Hall. Erected circa 1921, it is a memorial to  those members of the Kelowna Volunteer Fire Brigade who paid  the supreme sacrifice in World War One. It is constructed from  grey granite and is approximate eleven feet high. A circular column with "1914 -1918" inscribed  thereon, rests on a three tier  square base, the bottom layer  about five and one-half feet  wide on each side.  At the base of the column  are etched the words:  "THE GREAT WAR"  TN REMEMBRANCE OF THOSE  WHO PAID THE  SUPREME SACRIFICE."  On the bottom tier appear  the names of those who fell:  Jack L. McMillan, Leonard M.  McMillan, Walter H. Raymer,  Leonard Pettigrew, A. Milton  Wilson, Neil        Dalgleish.  Between the names, an inscription reads:  "KELOWNA VOLUNTEER FIRE  BRIGADE."  We should be eternally  grateful to those men and  women from Kelowna and  District who gave their lives in  the cause of freedom and  democracy, and are revered by  these War Memorials.  MAY    THEY    REST  PEACE!   LEST WE FORGET.  IN  Kelowna Fire Brigade War Memorial.  (Courtesy James H. Hayes)  48 ohs Shuswap Lake Sawmill Last Post  For Discoverer of Slocan Riches  By Denis Marshall  Somewhere in the pioneer section of Salmon Arm's Mount Ida  cemetery possibly lie the unmarked remains of Eli Carpenter,  whose 1891 discovery of the Payne Mine led to the great  Slocan mineral boom. The once-famous prospector died of "acute  indigestion" in February 1917 at the age of seventy-five, while  employed as a sawmill watchman at Annis, on the CPR main line  between Canoe and Sicamous.  A French-Canadian, whose birth certificate probably bore  the name Carpentier, he spent some of his last years on a homestead on Anstey Arm, Shuswap Lake, where according to the  Salmon Arm Observer, "he had done quite a lot of construction  work which was out of the ordinary for an ordinary settler to  undertake and proved his resourcefulness in many ways."  Promising silver discoveries in the vicinity of Ainsworth on  Kootenay Lake in the mid-1880s spawned a staking rush throughout the surrounding country, which revealed a mineral strike in  the district to the north that assayed as high as 150 ounces to the  ton. On September 9, 1891, Carpenter and Jack Seaton, after an  unsuccessful prospecting trip, climbed Payne Mountain, to the  north of present-day Sandon, in hopes of finding a more direct  route back to Ainsworth. On the summit they happened upon out-  croppings of a mineralized vein and staked the alpine treasure  trove. Contemporary accounts have it that arriving back in  Ainsworth, Carpenter duped his partner by producing assay values obtained from a claim showing far lower values. Seaton immediately lost interest until an Ainsworth hotel owner overheard  Carpenter conspiring to return to Payne Mountain to stake all the  surrounding ground. Seaton subsequently guided a party to the  Payne locality and meanwhile Carpenter and a new partner, in a  bid to throw off followers, backtracked via Nelson and Slocan  Lake. Seaton's party, which became known as the Noble Five,  located several new claims near Sandon, including the famous  Noble Five group.  In 1892, seven hundred and fifty locations and three hundred and forty transfers and bills of sale were recorded. Like so  Denis Marshall is Salmon Arm Branch Editor, Editor of Reports #60, 61, 62,  63, 64 and a Life Member of the O.H.S.  ohs 49 SHUSWAP LAKE SAWMILL LAST POST  many of his ilk, Carpenter was poorly paid for finding riches,  apparently receiving a mere $500 for half interest in the Payne.  After the Slocan excitement died down, Carpenter and several chums set out for the newly-discovered gold fields in the  Klondike and he was the only member of the party to reach their  destination safely. The Observer said Carpenter invested the "fortune" he made from the Payne discovery in Yukon mining operations, with considerable success—initially. It then turned out "climatic and other conditions over which he had no control were  such as to deprive him of all his worldly possessions."  Carpenter attempted to recoup his losses by journeying to  Australia, again running into misfortune. "By his own confessions  the gold was there alright, but lack of water made it impossible for  him to procure it," the Salmon Arm newspaper reported. The aging  adventurer returned to B.C. several years before his death and  made a last attempt to earn a living as a farmer. Speculation leads  one to conclude that advancing years and failing strength convinced him to take up the sawmill watchman's job in March 1916.  F. J. Smyth's Tales of the Kootenays recounts another reason  why Eli Carpenter was so well known in the Slocan district, pointing to a celebration held at Slocan City around 1898. H. M. Walker,  later publisher of the Enderby Commoner, was working as a printer for Col. R. T. Lowery's New Denver Ledge and was an eyewitness  to the following event: "One of the main attractions advertised for  the celebration was the walking of a tightrope by Eli Carpenter . . .  discoverer of the Payne mine, the property that glued the eyes of  the silver-lead miners of the world upon the Silvery Slocan.  "The tightrope was stretched from the Gething-Henderson hotel to the  roof of a building across the street.  "When the hour came for the tightrope walker, out popped Eli  Carpenter—then quite an old man. He was clad in his red flannel undies.  Stepping to the platform from which the tightrope was stretched, he reached  for his balance pole and was away.  "All the stunts usual to the professional rope walker were given by  Carpenter, then he went forward and backward over the street with a wheelbarrow. He coaxed, cajoled and pleaded with his miner friends to let him take  them for a wheelbarrow ride, but none would venture. They did not know  that in his young days Eli Carpenter had been a professional tightrope performer in a circus, and had drifted to the hills to shake off and forget the pigmies of infidelity that follow men in life's struggle upward.  "That was a great day at Slocan City. The tightrope stunt by Eli  Carpenter proved to be the star performance."  The British Columbia Prospectors' Association discussed  erecting a memorial to Carpenter in 1926 but nothing further was  heard, perhaps because the exact whereabouts of the body then,  as now, could not be determined. (With thanks to Dr. Geoffrey  Leech of Ottawa for background information on Eli Carpenter.)  50 ohs Fred Roberts Story  by Denis Marshall  FORMER LOCAL MAN WITH YANKS IN NORTH AFRICA  read the heading on a news story published in the Salmon  Arm Observer February 18, 1943. The "local man" was Fred  Roberts, lauded for being the first person to greet a small detachment of American soldiers as they entered the outskirts of Algiers  following the Allied landing.  Roberts was on the western  edge of the North African city on  November 9, 1942, when a United  States Army colonel and thirty-  seven men suddenly appeared.  Roberts reportedly shouted,  "Hello Yanks", "in good Canadian",  the Observer pointed out. "Man  alive, here's someone who speaks  English", one of the invaders  replied as he and his fellow soldiers crowded around. Thus,  Roberts became their interpreter  and led them to the occupying  governor's palace, which was  guarded by Arab soldiers. There  followed a long, strained parley  while the colonel negotiated a surrender with the timely assistance  of the French-speaking Roberts.  Frederick Norman Roberts  came to the Shuswap area prior to  1914 and briefly operated Salmon  Arm Hardware Store in the 1920s.  He had been in the farm implement business in Algiers since  1926 and remained there until the waning days of French rule.  Several months after taking part in the surrender, Roberts  was asked by the American Consul in the Civil Affairs Office at  Allied Force Headquarters to give his version of events, particularly in connection with the capture and subsequent treatment of  Denis Marshall is Salmon Arm Editor O.H.S.  Fred Roberts and daughter Fernande,  December 22, 1968. (Courtesy Fred Roberts)  OHS 51 FRED ROBERTS STORY  German and Italian consular officials, notably Vice Consul Hans  Schwarzmann. Schwarzmann was allegedly mistreated by his captors and Roberts was probably the only onlooker who could provide an unbiased account of the incident.  Later the American officer was killed in an ambush. Roberts  stayed with the troops, "helping them through a lot of trouble",  reported The Vancouver Province. He was then said to have  worked forty-eight hours without sleep, helping to unload army  vehicles in the harbour and showing the Allied troops the way  through Algiers' street maze under sniper fire.  Fred Roberts (second from right) and his two sisters with unidentified companion try their  hand at snowshoeing in the Shuswap. (Courtesy Fred Roberts)  52 ohs FRED ROBERTS STORY  His attachment to the Americans didn't end there. He would  later work for the Associated Press War Bureau in Algiers, driving  his car and running a villa overlooking the city that served as  office and home for war correspondents. Russel Landstrom, an  Associated Press writer, told of the difficulty homesick soldiers  faced when searching for festive material for Christmas observances, claiming North Africans knew the value of Christmas  trees, "for which they ask $2.50 each". He was more successful in  other shopping excursions, returning with a 2 1/2 ton truck  loaded with turkeys, fresh pork and eggs. Once more, Fred  Roberts acted as interpreter and "general utility man", making the  task of collecting the goods much simpler.  Roberts was born at Torquay, England, in 1884, which would  make him a relatively old volunteer when he enlisted at Vernon  on July 27, 1915, in the 11th Canadian Mounted Rifles. It was  while serving in France that he met his wife and he brought her  to Salmon Arm after being demobilized in 1919. They had two  daughters, Yvonne and Fernande, who played behind their  father's store on Alexander Avenue. Fernande, now eighty-three  years old, lives in Toulouse and regularly exchanges family news  with Dorothy Leonard Sonnenberg of Chase.  The Roberts lived in an apartment above the store, deriving  most of their cold-weather comfort from metal grates open to the  floor below. From these vantage points, Mrs. Roberts had a birds-  eye view of activities in the store, including shoplifting. If she  spotted such goings-on she signalled her husband in French and  he was diplomatically able to ask the customer if they wished to  pay for the "overlooked" item.  This story was retold by Dorothy Sonnenberg, whose parents were friends of the Roberts when they lived in Salmon Arm.  After the Roberts returned to France, Ms. Sonnenberg said the  families lost touch with each other until the end of World War  Two. Fred Roberts died June 23, 1974.  ohs 53 THE R CONTRIBUTIONS ARE GREAT  Stephen Robert Cannings  (1914-2003): Naturalist,  Conservationist,  Photographer and Educator  By Rob Cannings, Bette Cannings,  Syd Cannings and Dick Cannings  f-^ teve Cannings was born in Penticton on March 22, 1914 at a  5 nursing home on Fairview Road. His parents came from  Bristol, England, his father Walter Cannings immigrating in  1907, his mother Harriet Ellen (Nellie) Penty in 1910. His sister  Elizabeth (Bess), now Gladwin, was born at their home on  Winnipeg Street in November 1912.  Walter died in 1916 when Steve was only two years old and  his mother Nellie rarely spoke of him. None of the family knew  much about the man who had given us our Penticton home until  we uncovered his diaries after Nellie's death in 1971.  From these diaries we know that Steve's social nature and  his passion for the natural world came directly from his parents.  As young men working in warehouses and factories in  Bristol's inner city, Walter and his brothers and friends spent their  every free daytime moment outdoors, walking miles into the  country, kicking soccer balls on the Downs (Bristol's open parkland), rowing on the Avon River. Once, recording a happy day in  the open, Walter earnestly pronounced: "green fields and fresh air  and good company—the healing trinity!" The journal entry for a  Sunday morning, May 14 1905 starts: "Fred, Will and Self rose  about 5 am and had a pleasant 6 hours in the fields with the birds  and flowers and trees".  Rob Cannings is Curator of Entomology at the Royal British Columbia  Museum, Victoria.  Bette Cannings is Extension Services Librarian, North Vancouver District  Public Library.  Syd Cannings is Coordinator of NatureServe Yukon in Whitehorse.  Dick Cannings is a consulting biologist in Naramata.  54 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  Nellie Cannings with her son, Steve and daughter, Bess, 1931. (Courtesy the  family)  Sundays typically began this way, often to the detriment of  other duties. Holidays took them by train to the wilder coast of  North Devon.  Walter's journal entries, even from his Bristol days, sometimes foreshadow those of his son Steve — recordings of a kingfisher, the first lark of the year 1906, a woodcock at Seawalls, the  first cuckoo. Steve remembered as a young boy writing to his parents' "saintly" friend Mr. Charbonnier, the scholar and painter  who inspired Walter and his friends to nature study and who  shared his encyclopedic knowledge of birds, plants and insects,  his book collection, his garden and his country cottage.  Walter, with a dead-end job in Ashman's leather warehouse,  didn't feel financially worthy of Nellie, who was the daughter of  Robert Penty, a grocery merchant and respected Wesleyan  Methodist lay preacher. For nearly two years they courted secretly out of doors, finding a common love for the countryside and  forming the basis for their dream — to come to Canada for fresh  air, open fields, and space for a garden.  The dream became a plan, and in March 1907 Walter left  Bristol — and Nellie temporarily — to establish himself in the Far  West. His first home was a smoky tent under the stars as spring  and plenty of water birds were stirring in Cochrane, Alberta. He  worked laying track for the CPR. Always open to the next opportunity, by July he was learning orchard skills at Coldstream Ranch  in the Okanagan, reporting his first hummingbirds. In September  he left for Penticton to help Nellie's uncle John Penty look after  her brother Joe's new orchard property on the Lower Bench.  Walter may have been a young man with nothing, but he  had a genuine interest in everyone around him, an obvious talent  ohs 55 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  Aboard ship to England and war, 1940.  (Courtesy the family)  for conversation, and a willingness to learn skills practical for  the day. As he established a  home for himself in those early  years he also followed his social  interests, joining the Presbyterian  Church choir, any singing  group, the town band, the literary society, and the IOOF.  Paid work was continually  elusive, but he was rarely without a job or a small scheme. He  split cordwood and worked a  saw machine in Fairview,  picked rocks and planted trees  for many new orchards in  Penticton area, helped build  Penticton Dam and the Skaha  and Ellis Creek irrigation  flumes. As time went on he  bought and sold lots in the  developing town, improving  some, planting two or three of  them, growing and selling potatoes.  Nellie arrived in Canada in mid-August 1910, and spent the  first month with her brother Joe in Victoria. On the evening of  September 20, Walter finally met Nellie again (with Joe and family) at the Penticton dock. Disappointed to find there were no  marriage certificates on hand in Penticton, on September 21  Walter and Nellie took the SS Okanagan to Vernon where they  were married in the Methodist parsonage.  It was a romantic beginning. Walter records a beautiful day  on the lake during the return voyage to Penticton on the SS  Okanagan. Nellie told us often of the trip, with an extra-long stop  in Kelowna for the fall fair and the very late arrival in Penticton.  As no one was there to meet them, they walked in the moonlight  all the way to the Burpee house on Skaha Bench, where they had  arranged to stay for the first month of their married life.  By the time Nellie arrived, a house had been built for them  on Winnipeg Street, and Walter was working for orchardists while  growing vegetables and raising poultry on his own land. Later in  1910 and 1911, he helped build the Penticton Wharf, the Incola  Hotel and the Kettle Valley Railway Station.  In early March 1912, when Walter and Nellie were busy gar-  56 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  dening or relaxing on long walks around the lower benches, Percy  Coldron, an old friend from Yorkshire, paid a visit. He was soon a  constant companion and collaborator. Through the summer  Walter and Percy began to sell more potatoes and deliver vegetables. On October 2, 1912, they opened a small store, C&'C Co., on  Main Street, selling fish, poultry and vegetables.  The business continued until about a year into World War I.  Percy joined up early, Walter in July 1915. Walter, however,  became ill with tuberculosis at training camp in Vernon, was discharged, and died at home in July 1916, when Steve was two and  Bess not yet four years old.  Nellie's brother Syd, his wife Minnie and family settled in  Penticton in May 1911. After Walter died, Nellie depended more  on her brother, and Syd was like a father to Steve and his sister  Bess. Syd had played soccer for Bristol City, and Steve often reminisced about him teaching the neighbourhood kids his fancy  moves on a large vacant lot he owned at the corner of Scott and  Winnipeg streets. Support for the family also came from Nellie's  elder brother Joe who, while Chief Engineer of the Empress Hotel  in Victoria, owned an orchard in Penticton.  Penticton was a small, country town immediately after  World War I, and Steve mentions in some written memoirs:  "I remember my first  horseback ride with a teenage  friend on a huge black horse  and the coyotes that howled at  night in the woods next to our  back fence and came sometimes  in broad daylight to raid our  chicken pen. I wasn't there for  the first big bang but it seemed  like it when my great-uncle  John shot at a coyote as it  leaped over the wooden irrigation flume behind our house".  Steve's sister Bess was two  years ahead in school, an ideal  situation because she helped  him with his homework. Steve  liked to think that this early  practice encouraged her to  become a teacher. Bess men-  rcaf Radio Mechanic, August 1941. tions that their mother let Steve  (Courtesy the family) roam  the  hills  on  weekends,  ohs 57 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  trusting that he'd be home in time for supper, a parenting strategy that he, himself, practised while we were growing up, to our  everlasting gratitude.  Steve's love for the outdoors began with those hikes during  these early days, when the woods and marshes reached the village's doorstep. He and his boyhood chums, including life-long  friends Chess Lyons and Carleton McCall, roamed the open hills  on foot and paddled Okanagan and Skaha lakes and the Okanagan  River in their home-built kayaks. Steve's early interest in birds  was evident in his collection of bird cards collected from  Sportsman's cigarette packages. Where he got them, we don't  know—he certainly never smoked! At least some of these cards  were paintings by Allan Brooks, Sr., the famous Okanagan bird  artist.  Steve was always a fine speaker and raconteur. At high  school in Penticton he excelled at debating and elocution; the latter, at least, is a fine skill that has faded from the school curriculum. He won several  prizes at this, and represented the South Okanagan  in the 1929 provincial  finals in Vancouver, when  he was 15 years old.  While watching his  grandchildren Russell and  Julia competing in the  Okanagan Kiwanis Music  Festival a couple of years  ago, he commented to a  Festival official that he  had been in the first of  these annual events, travelling to Kelowna on the  SS Sicamous to compete  in elocution.  An inveterate conversationalist, Steve knew  how to engage strangers  and bring out an interesting anecdote — especially if they were wearing a pair of binoculars or mentioned the word  airplane. This talent served him well when he became a sought-  after speaker on nature themes at schools, service clubs and naturalist gatherings.  Steve and Jean Cannings: wedding photograph,  December 1943. (Courtesy the family)  58 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  Graduating from high school in Penticton, Steve attended  Vancouver Technical School for a year-long course to qualify for  entry into the Royal Canadian Air Force. He was always fanatical  about airplanes. The financing for this program ended prema-  SWKs  ■VlXWf  £  ^v^V^"\  ^tfj  &M  j 0 v-%  1* »_* S'J  F .1  !  Steve Cannings overlooking Vaseux Lake in the 1950's. His conservation efforts helped preserve this and other natural environments in the Okanagan Valley. (Counesy the family)  turely in 1932 at the height of the Great Depression, and Steve  came back home to the Okanagan for a few years.  In 1934, while volunteering as a leader at a boys' summer  camp, he met his future wife, Jean Munn, a Summerland native  who was a girls' camp leader. This was at Camp SOREC, the  United Church camp on the south shore of Trout Creek Point in  Summerland. SOREC, with its deep cottonwood forest and beautiful beach, later became a favourite family picnicking and swimming spot, thanks to Steve's long connection with the Agriculture  Research Station, which controlled the land. Jean's family, the  Munns, had a big house and orchard on Giant's Head Road — they  were famous for their hospitality and Steve had fond memories of  the music-filled parties during the time he courted Jean.  But Steve was still searching for a way to work with airplanes. In 1936 he managed to register in an aeronautical course  at Curtiss-Wright Technical Institute of Aeronautics in Los  Angeles. Here he rubbed shoulders with some of his aviation  heroes, including Amelia Earhart, just before her last tragic journey. Offered a drafting job at Fleet Aircraft in Fort Erie, Ontario,  he drove with friends across the United States. In the late 1930s,  he learned to fly and at least once helped ferry a small airplane  ohs 59 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  across the continent to Vancouver. In 1940, early in World War II,  Steve was sent to Short Brothers Aircraft in England to help plan  the production of British aircraft in Canada. Seeking a more active  role in the war, he joined the RCAF, first working on early radar  stations along the English Channel.  Steve returned to Canada for aircrew training and married  Jean in Calgary on December 13, 1943. They immediately journeyed to Ontario, where Steve completed his training. Crossing  the Prairies by train in winter blizzards was a short but very  Canadian honeymoon, a real romantic adventure — especially  when a wheel came off the locomotive in Manitoba!  Steve's dream of becoming an Air Force pilot ended when  the RCAF told him that he was too old to command — over the hill  at thirty! So he switched to flight engineering and, in the spring of  1945, co-piloted Lancaster bombers in twenty-two missions over  Germany before the war ended. Jean waited and worried, and regularly sent care packages of canned Okanagan sunshine. Steve  and his Air Force pals eagerly awaited Jean's preserves, but once  they were almost Steve's undoing. One batch of raspberries was  passed around the crew, and all but Steve shied away because of  its odd colour. He wasn't about to waste any of Jeannie's fruit and  downed the whole can. Food poisoning knocked him out and he  had to have his stomach pumped!  After the war, Steve trained as an industrial arts teacher and  taught for a few months in Vancouver. His drafting, woodworking,  and electronic abilities were put to good use here. Growing up, we  remember him often at the table saw or working with his hand  plane —  putting fin-  i s h i n g  touches on  the house  and making toy airplanes and  helicopters,  bird boxes,  and many  other  things. His  draftsman's  handwriting was leg-  Summerland Research Station photographer with a curious subject from  the dairy herd, 1960s. (Courtesy the family)  60 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  v.i,L^llF  JIV-\  u\u  A typical pose - hunting with a Bolex movie  camera, 1980s. (Courtesy the family)  endary, and even at eighty-  eight he wrote precisely and  beautifully.  Bette was born in 1946,  just before Steve left his  teaching job for a new position at the Agriculture  Research Station — known  affectionately as 'the Farm'  — in Summerland. Finally,  Steve and Jean returned to  their beloved Okanagan.  Thus began a happy  career of twenty-seven  years, first as a technician  with the Plant Pathology lab,  then as Station photographer. There, with his many colleagues, he was immersed in  the science of agriculture  and developed a lasting  interest in botany and entomology. Already a keen naturalist, particularly interested in bird  study, Steve found many of his colleagues and friends to be like-  minded. He sometimes regretted not going to university to further  his interests in biology, but the Research Station became his link  with the academic world.  He began his decades of detailed bird notes while in the  Lower Mainland, but they became a real passion when he  returned to the Okanagan in 1947. Even while he was working he  was birding—while pruning fruit trees in the Farm's orchards that  first spring, he noted not only the arrival of Western and  Mountain Bluebirds, but also discussed the specific identity of  crows and the subspecific identity of migrating Canada Geese.  There were only a handful of birders in the Okanagan then, but  he did learn a great deal from local orchardist Eric Tait, who was  a protege of James Munro, the Federal Migratory Bird Officer. One  of the most useful things he gleaned from Eric was how to attract  birds by imitating the whistle of a Northern Pygmy-Owl. This was  a skill passed down from renowned ornithologist Allan Brooks, Sr,  who had learned it in the Chilliwack area on his arrival in British  Columbia. Brooks' father had regretted the absence of pygmy-  owls in Ontario, where they first settled in Canada, having  learned the ploy in the forests of India. Brooks taught it to James  Munro, who then taught Eric. Steve subsequently taught a whole  OHS 61 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  generation of British Columbia birders the same trick. Another  key influence on Steve's early natural history study was James  Grant of Vernon, the Okanagan naturalist extraordinaire.  Sandhill Cranes: a sketch by Steve Cannings, 1985. (Courtesy the family)  In 1948, while the family lived on the lakeshore on Trout  Creek Point, Rob was born. Six years later, Dick and Syd arrived  just after the family moved to a new house on the grasslands of  the West Bench, Penticton. Steve planted and tended a small apple  orchard there, but in later years, he gradually transformed this  into a wildlife garden. Through the late 1950s and early 1960s,  weekends were spent as a family, with church on Sunday mornings — Steve was active in the Sunday School and on the Session  of the Penticton United Church — then back country drives in the  afternoon with picnics in wild places. In summer we would often  end up on the beach at SOREC or at Barkwill's cabin on Crescent  Beach.  The wider family was a priority, too. Jean remained very-  close to her brothers and sisters in Summerland and their growing  families. We remember many happy evenings, weekends, and holidays visiting with our aunts, uncles and cousins. Steve's sister  Bess and her family had settled in Prince George, and so their visits were more rare, but no less anticipated.  Steve and Jean loved reading, and did their best to pass  along this love to their children. Every Thursday evening we were  taken to the library to choose our week's worth of books, which we  read avidly. Steve loved learning—in fact, you might say he was  addicted to it. He much preferred non-fiction to fiction—he liked  62 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  to read about actual things, real people, and historical events. We  don't recall him ever reading a novel!  Even though he loved his own Okanagan, Steve loved to  travel and experience new places. Although budgets were limiting, he and Jean journeyed to Great Britain, Central America,  Australia, New Zealand, the Maritimes, and all corners of the  United States. He especially loved the north; they camped along  Yukon's Dempster Highway while in their seventies and later ventured to Nome and other parts of Alaska.  Due in large part to Steve's outgoing, welcoming manner,  the West Bench home became a haven for friends, relatives, and  the Canadian naturalist community at large. The lovely garden at  the edge of the grasslands attracted birds and people. The people,  mostly naturalists and scientists, came from all over the world.  Countless Christmas Bird Counts and birding Big Days filled the  beds, the floors and dinner table with visitors. Anyone who wanted to see the special birds of the Okanagan seemed to end up  there.  Steve was active in the formation of the South Okanagan  Naturalists Club, the Okanagan-Similkameen Parks Society  (OSPS), the Federation of British Columbia Naturalists (FBCN),  and the Canadian Nature Federation. His work with the other  members of OSPS resulted in the establishment of Cathedral  Provincial Park, Okanagan Mountain Provincial Park and the  Vaseux-Bighorn  National  Wildlife Area.  He worked tirelessly for 15  years with Doug  Fraser of Osoyoos  to establish the  Haynes Lease  Ecological  Reserve at the  north end of  Osoyoos Lake,  still one of the  few pieces of  antelope-brush  habitat protected   in   Canada.  Steve and Jean were presented with the Elton Anderson Award  for outstanding contributions to the FBCN.  Canyon Wren: a photograph by Steve Cannings of one of his  favourite Okanagan birds. The Okanagan Valley is the best place in  Canada to see this species. (Counesy the family)  ohs 63 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  It is clear that Steve's pioneering conservation work and  education efforts played a seminal role in a recent proposal for a  new national park in the South Okanagan grasslands.  He took part in his first Christmas Bird Count in  Summerland in 1950, then organized the first modern Penticton  Christmas Bird Count in 1958, an event that he participated in  every year until he moved to Chilliwack in 1999. The South  Okanagan Naturalists Club grew out of this event, and he was its  first president when it formed in 1962. Steve and Jean were later  made Honorary Life Members of the club.  Steve kept meticulous daily notes on natural history events,  particularly bird sightings, for over fifty-six years. These data  formed the basis of the book "The Birds of the Okanagan Valley.  British Columbia" published by Rob, Dick and Syd in 1987. We  tried to talk him into being an author but, true to his modest  nature, he declined. Like most keen birders, Steve kept a list of all  the bird species he'd seen; his goal over the last ten years or so  was to reach 600 species for North America. When we were looking through his notes during his final days in hospital, we saw that  the list stood at 599, but some careful checking revealed that it  was actually 602, something we told him before he slipped away.  Steve always had a natural history project on the go. One of  his most successful was his determined search for the  Flammulated Owl, which was known from only three specimen  records in Canada. Steve not only found the birds five kilometres  from his home, but also subsequently had them nesting in his  nest-boxes! He also searched diligently for Lyall's Mariposa Lily,  which had never been reported from Canada since its discovery  over a hundred years ago by members of the border survey. In  this search he enlisted the help of Al Preston and Margaret Harris  so that he could get into some remote areas with a four-wheel  drive. Al surprised him by saying that he knew precisely where  the plants were—he and Bob Harris had found them in the hills  just north of the Similkameen River near Osoyoos. Perhaps  Steve's longest standing unfinished project was to find a pygmy-  owl nest—he built many nest-boxes in this attempt, perfecting the  design with advice from experts from Scandinavia, but without  success. We keep checking those boxes, though.  A well-known nature photographer, Steve's pictures have  been published in many magazines, and in books published by  the Audubon Society and Reader's Digest. He presented countless  slide shows locally on natural history subjects. Encouraged by his  old friend Chess Lyons, he produced several nature movies for the  CBC television show "Klahanie." Steve was also a writer, and wrote  64 ohs STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  the "Naturalist Notebook" column in BC Outdoors magazine for  several years.  In 1999, he was awarded an honorary doctorate by  Okanagan University College for his contributions to the knowledge of Okanagan natural history, his achievements in Okanagan  conservation and his tireless efforts in public education.  Jean died in 1997 after fifty-four years of marriage. Steve felt  the loss deeply and found it difficult living on the big West Bench  property alone. Soon, however, the name of Hazel Street, an old  family friend, popped up more and more, and Hazel and Steve  were married on June 5, 1999. Steve made the big move to Hazel's  home in Chilliwack. Into his life came a whole new family —  Hazel's world of children, grandchildren and great-grandchildren,  all of whom delighted him. Steve also enjoyed learning about the  natural history of a new area, and made many new friends in the  Fraser Valley, where he was active in the Chilliwack Field  Naturalists Club.  Steve Cannings was a friend to many, but to many he was  also a teacher, a mentor. His quiet encouragement has changed  many lives. He was not only gentle, but also a true gentleman,  with a strong but peaceful core. He died in Chilliwack on January  10, 2003, after a brief struggle with parotid cancer.  Bibliography of Steve Cannings  Myres, M. T. and S. R. Cannings. 1971. A Canada goose migration through  the southern interior of British Columbia. Canadian Wildlife Service  Report Series 14: 23-34.  Cannings, S. R. 1972. Some bird records from the Okanagan Valley.  Discovery 1: 108-110.  Cannings, S. R. 1972. Brown Thrasher in British Columbia. Canadian Field-  Naturalist 86: 295.  Weber, W. C. and S. R. Cannings. 1976. The White-headed Woodpecker  (Dendrocopos albolarvatus) in British Columbia. Syesis 9: 215-220.  Cannings, R. J., S. R. Cannings, J. M. Cannings and G. R Sirk. 1978.  Successful breeding of the Flammulated Owl in British Columbia.  Murrelet 59: 74-75.  Cannings, S.R. 1979. Land of contrasts: a birder's view of the Okanagan.  Nature Canada. 8(1): 45-53.  ohs 65 STEPHEN ROBERT CANNINGS  Cannings, R. J. and S. R. Cannings. 1982. A Flammulated Owl nests in a  nest-box. Murrelet 63: 66-68.  Cannings, S. R. 1987. Two records of Lyall's mariposa lily in Canada. BC  Naturalist 25(4): 17.  Cannings, S. R. 1987. Christmas Bird Counts in the Okanagan. Okanagan  Historical Society Annual Report 51: 51-55.  Cannings, S. R. 1995. David Douglas: naturalist extraordinary. Cordillera  2(2): 9-11.  Steve Cannings, age 85, April 1999. (Courtesy the family)  66 ohs Victor Casorso  by Jim MacNaughton  Some people start out their lives with a silver spoon in their  mouths and end up either dissatisfied with life or never  accomplishing a whole lot. But Vic started out life being the  second eldest of ten children, and by the age of twelve was thrown  into the deep end of the pool. He had to learn to manage everything that came his way, and ended up with a successful life, a very  fine family, and being loved and respected by the community.  Besides the facts of his life and the many organizations that  he was a part of, there is another side to this man, and there are  some stories that I want to share with you. Stories that family and  friends have shared with me, and some of my own recollections  about the life, times and character that helped form Vic Casorso  into the unique individual that he was.  Maybe that's the best place to start this part of his story -  using that word individual. Because, while he was an individual,  Vic did not function apart from his family, career, friends, and the  organizations that he led, kept on track, or founded.  First and foremost Vic was Victor Casorso - husband, father,  grandfather, uncle and friend to his family. If you follow the theory that a strong family unit is the basis of a strong and healthy  society, then the Casorso family is the model that should be used  for an example of that. Joan and Vic were married on August 9,  1952, and have been a loving example of what married life should  be for the past fifty-one plus years. They in turn have passed this  on to their children - Dave, Stan, Ron and JoAnne - and in turn  each of them are passing on those family values to their children.  Like the rest of Vic's life, things are started, nurtured, and they  grow and they prosper.  Growing up with Vic as your dad meant many lessons about  your personal work ethic. Never say you were bored, or a job  would be found or created for you before you could blink your  eyes! Rock picking was a favourite one. Vic's favourite expression  was, "It's only a five minute job!" and then each child knew they  were in for the long haul. While not a great disciplinarian, Vic  encouraged each of his children to do something with their lives.  As a teenager, Dave needed some guidance, and so was given a  Reverend Jim MacNaughton is a United Church Minister and son of Carleton  and Buddy MacNaughton.  ohs 67 VICTOR CASORSO  Victor Casorso. (Courtesy the family)  green horse to  break and ride.  Dave became a  rancher. Stan  was interested  in accounting,  and so he was  invited to spend  a few hours a  day at Vic's  place of business.  Stan became  an accountant.  Ron was interested in raising  chickens,   and  so Vic sent him to a bank to borrow the money for a chicken  house. This appears to be one of Vic's teachings about money -  how to use it and how to spend it - that it is only a means to an  end. While Ron still has some chickens, he went into electronics!  JoAnne's interests were Job's Daughters and completing her  Grade Twelve. JoAnne has gone on to be a homemaker, a mother, and works part-time at the Vancouver General Hospital. His  family was the core of Vic's life, and in turn as Vic's health diminished it was his family and all their families that have rallied with  Joan to stand by Vic until his death. You do reap what you sow,  and Vic sowed very well.  Vic was so many different things in his life: cowboy, logger,  rancher, orchardist, grape grower, teamster, businessman and  accountant. It was in his accounting career that he came in contact with so many families in the Oliver-Osoyoos area. He has  helped lead, shelter and grow family farms and businesses since  his arrival in this community, leading with prudent business practices and with some of that same philosophy that his children  experienced, that money is only a means to an end. When Vic  first arrived here in Oliver and had clients in Osoyoos he would  hitch-hike back and forth between Osoyoos and Oliver with his  files, in order to prudently conserve his own resources. In other  words he didn't have much money then and you don't spend what  you haven't got. Today's society would be well advised to learn to  do the same. Vic had a great philosophy, that if you can't afford  to lose your investment - don't make it! During his accounting  career Vic built up a great deal of trust between himself and the  people he worked with, and many of these business relationships  turned into life-long friendships.  I am fairly certain that Vic was  68 ohs VICTOR CASORSO  very proud to see that Casorso & Company continues to carry on  under his son Stan, daughter-in-law Debbie and Bernie Marine.  The list of organizations that Vic and Joan were a vital part  of are many and impressive. Not for the fact that Vic helped  found some of them - but simply the sheer number of them. He  helped each organization grow into something that is running  well. He gave back far more to this community of Oliver and the  Okanagan Valley than he ever received - none of it with an award  in mind. This community knew that, and finally in 1997 recognized him with the "Oliver Good Citizen Award," something that  was long coming and long overdue, because few individuals have  had as much influence on this community as Vic Casorso.  So in the middle of all the busyness of life, how did Vic manage to remain sane, to hang onto the values that he urged other  people and organizations to adhere to? Farming, ranching, gardening, family and the outdoors were Vic's stress relievers.  Every one of us probably has a different image of Vic in  mind, but mine is not with Vic in a suit behind his desk, though I  have seen him in that role. No, the happiest I've seen him is with  a very crumpled cowboy hat crammed onto his head, blue jeans  and his shirt flapping in the wind as he worked around horses.  Vic has had some very interesting times with horses in his life. In  some special memories that Joan gathered in February of 2002,  Vic was recalling horseback riding with his friend Bob Munson in  Kelowna, and Vic said he stuck to the saddle like glue, no one  could knock him off the saddle. Not until the fateful day that Vic  met "Sunshine" a horse owned by Terry and Jo Johnson. Vic and  his son Dave had been riding for most of the day up near Penask  Mountain, and riding back out to the truck they came to a small  swamp - you know the kind, dirty stinky water, just waiting for  someone to stir it up! Dave and his horse plodded through it, but  "Sunshine" apparently did not want wet feet, and with one giant  leap cleared that swamp. Vic had been riding all day, maybe he  was tired, but obviously he was relaxed, because when Dave  turned around there was Vic spread out on his back in the middle  of the swamp with no horse under him! He had to remove his  filthy clothes and luckily Dave had an old pair of coveralls in the  truck that Vic wore home, but he still smelt very bad. I believe  the old saying is "there was never a horse that couldn't be rode  and there was never a cowboy who couldn't be throwed!"  Throw in some fishing stories at places like Joe Lake; a hunting trip with his brother-in-law Albert; add a dash of travelling like  Expo 67 with four children from ages six to thirteen across Canada  by train; or a bus tour of Europe; or a hike with Joan over the  ohs 69 VICTOR CASORSO  Chikoot Pass; or simply time spent at Vaseaux Lake for picnics  and barbecues with friends and family; or being in his garden - all  of these things helped Vic relax and enjoy life to the fullest.  Vic squeezed so much life into his eighty-six years, he  enjoyed it, he enjoyed the people he met, and he loved and  enjoyed the company of his family all through his life. He  couldn't really ask for much more than that, could he? And so we  come to this day with some very mixed emotions; there is sadness  as we deal with his death, but there is pride and joy in having  known him and the love that he brought to the things he did. I  am very sure that as God has taken Vic home, that Vic has been  welcomed with the saying, "O WELL DONE MY GOOD AND  FAITHFUL SERVANT."  70 ohs A Eulogy For Ron Robey  Given by Joanne (Thorlakson) Galloway  I have known Ron Robey ever since I was in my mother's  womb. This is how Ron would introduce me- and then he  would proceed to tell the story of when he had scarlet fever  and the family was quarantined. My mother, with me in the  womb, would come to visit Ron's wife Nellie- Mom outside the  window and Nellie inside the window. Thus, Ron has been a special friend of my family for many years.  Ron Robey was a man of substance. He had his very distinctive English demeanour and dry sense of humour. He was a committed man with a great sense of responsibility and integrity.  There were times when he was, by his bluntness, a little rough  around the edges. Yet, we who knew him well loved him because  of his loving, generous, loyal heart.  Ron was born in England and emigrated to Canada with his  family as a wee lad. His parents were pioneers in the Vernon area  and Ron was raised here. You could say he was a homegrown  Vernon boy. As a young man, he was hired by the Okanagan  Telephone Company, where he was a loyal employee until he  retired. By then, the company had become B.C. Tel. Ron started as  a ground man and retired as a Line Supervisor.  Ron and Nellie did not have children of their own, but they  did have Willie I and Willie II. They were taught to say their  prayers every night before bed. Ron would pray, "Now I lay me  down to sleep. I pray the Lord my soul to keep. If I should die  before I wake, I pray the Lord my soul to take. Amen." Then both  Willies knew they could snatch the piece of cheese that Ron  placed in front of them. Truly though, Ron was a father figure  and a male role model for many young people. He was a Scout  Leader and involved with the Big Brothers Society as well as  being a good uncle to many nieces and nephews. He was a special person to many.  He toasted the bride at my wedding and at his dear friend  Shirley Hayward-Hopps' wedding. He was my substitute father at  the Father-Daughter breakfast when I graduated from nurses'  training. He was a pallbearer for many, including my mother. He  walked my mother down the aisle when she remarried in her sixties. That reminds me of another Ron story.  Ron was an immaculate dresser, and when he got dressed  OHS 71 A EULOGY FOR RON ROBEY  up, he looked like a million dollars. On my mother's wedding day,  he and Nellie were to pick Mom up at my brother Harold's place.  The driveway was gumbo. Ron drove up in the car and got stuck!  He got mud all over his shoes and pants! Mr. Immaculate was not  impressed, to say the least! But for my mother, Nellie's special  friend, he changed into my brother's pants. (Ron being a stately  6'2" and my brother being 5'10") and walked her down the aisle.  Laugh??-Not at the time. After? -Ever since.  Ron was a voracious reader and he loved history. He was a  dedicated member of the Vernon Museum and Archives and the  Okanagan Historical Society. He was honoured for his immense  contributions to the O.H.S. by being awarded a Life Membership.  He loved to travel and to devour the history of each region. I  remember the slide shows of the Robeys' trips to England and  Australia. Gordon Sinclair's commentaries couldn't begin to compare with Ron Robey's!  Ron was a handyman. There was very little that he wouldn't  tackle. He built the house they have to-day. His first big job after  he retired was revamping a van that had been in an accident into  a motor home. It was beautiful and he was proud of it. Ron and  Nellie in their motor home travelled to Alaska and California to  visit Ron's family and all over B.C. to visit family.  He will always be remembered for his garden as their yard  looked like a park. His flowers were magnificent and his veggies  and fruits were delicious. Their freezer and cold room were full of  the fruits of their labour.  Then there was the devoted, protective love he had for  Nellie. He told me, "As long as I am breathing I will take care of  Nellie." When he realized that Nellie would need a wheelchair, he  immediately made their home wheelchair accessible. When she  needed twenty-four hour care, he got it for her. He was always  there to care for her.  Ron was truly an extraordinary man. Up until he broke his  hip several months ago, he was still doing the cooking with a little help from their wonderful caregivers. About two years ago,  (when Ron was ninety-four years old), Mel and I visited around  lunch time. Ron invited us to stay for dinner. We were so  impressed. Dinner was served in the dining room: roasted chicken, mashed potatoes, turnips and carrots, then a pickle dish with  English pickled onions and other pickled preserves that they had  made. Oh yah, yummy gravy and a meal finished with homemade  lemon tarts and tea. That's extraordinary! When we left we  thanked him for the delicious meal and the wonderful visit. He  said, "Come again when you can't stay so long!" We knew that was  72 ohs A EULOGY FOR RON ROBEY  Ron's humble way of saying we enjoyed your visit.  When I saw Ron on the Monday before he died, I asked him  if he knew who I was and he nodded. I told him, "The damn kid  is here to bug you," and he smiled. Ron, the damn kid is here  again to bug you and to tell you that we love you and we will miss  you.  "Special" is a word that is used to describe something one  of a kind like a hug or a sunset or a person who spreads love with  a smile or a kind gesture.  "Special" describes people who act from the heart and keep  in mind the hearts of others.  "Special" applies to something that is admired and precious  and which can never be replaced.  "Special" is the word that best describes you, Ron Robey.  ohs 73 Ernest Arthur James Burnett  1910 - August 13, 2003  by his son, Don Burnett  Ernie Burnett was born in Weyburn, Saskatchewan, in 1910,  the son of Arthur and Mable Burnett. He had two older sisters, Dorothy and Lillian (wife of Jim Haworth).  In 1922, Arthur moved the family to Kelowna, where he purchased property on Ethel Street across from what is now  Cottonwoods Hospital. He grew field crops, as well as some livestock and dairy animals. At twelve years of age, Ernie was a typical active youngster, swimming, building forts and exploring the  surrounding farms. However, in those days young people were  expected to do their share of the work as well, and so Ernie's work  ethic was instilled at a very early age. He always admired his  Dad, not only for his ability to get things done, but also for his  sense of community with his family and neighbours.  After high school, Ernie started working at the KGE packinghouse, where he met his good friend, Tony Foster. Along with  Tony, Art Clarke and others he drove around in something called  the "green hornet" and chased all the local pretty girls. It was at  this time he even purchased a motorcycle, but soon realized it was  easier to make a living with horses.  At twenty-two years of age, Ernie helped his Dad build their  first greenhouse, which was the beginning of a long and successful career in the business of growing and selling plants, fresh  tomatoes and cucumbers.  During this period he also dug more than forty basements  with the team and slip, the last in about 1951 on Richter Street,  when a Caterpillar tractor got stuck and couldn't finish the job! It  was also during this time that he discovered his gift of music, and  with the help of First United Church choir director Cyril Mossop,  developed his tenor voice. For the next seventy years he sang in  the First United Church choir, and later the St. Paul's United  Church choir. He sang for literally hundreds of weddings and  funerals,  as well as service club functions, regattas,  festivals,  Don Burnett was born in Kelowna and has spent all of his life here. In 1969  he began working with his father, until the business was sold in 1997.  Presently he is an Independent Consultant for Byland's Nurseries.  74 ohs ERNEST ARTHUR JAMES BURNETT  Burns Night suppers and concerts. The last time he sang in  public was at the age of ninety for the Burns Night supper at  Elks Hall.  Ernie was very active in the United Church Young Peoples,  and it was here he met a lovely young schoolteacher named  Evelyn Henderson. Evelyn and Ernie were married on August 19,  1942, at the First United Church, and one year later to the day,  their first daughter, Lynn, was born.  With the help of his Dad, Ernie (and Evelyn) built their  home from scratch and  moved in once there was  one room closed in. The  home was gradually finished over the next few  years as time and finances  permitted. Their second  daughter, Joan, was born  in 1946.  The next few years  were very difficult for  Ernie's family, as his sister  Dorothy was diagnosed  with a mental disorder,  and in 1949 tragedy hit  with loss of his daughter  Lynn from leukemia. In  1951, Ernie's mother died  from a stroke, and in 1952  his father was killed in a  car accident on the way to  Vancouver. The following  year Evelyn lost her dad.  These were indeed trying  years, but it was during  this time that son Don was  born in 1950 and a second  son Alan was born in 1953.  It was in the early 1950's that Evelyn and Ernie started to  build their business into the full-service Garden Centre and  Flower Shop that became an institution for so many years.  Evelyn developed the floral department, while Ernie focused on  the garden center, nursery and landscaping. In 1962 he build two  modern greenhouses with an attached flower shop. In 1969 a new  garden center was built and at this time Al and Don began work-  Ernie Burnett with wheelbarrow in his Garden  Centre. (Courtesy Don Burnett)  ohs 75 ERNEST ARTHUR JAMES BURNETT  ing with him, which is something he was always proud of. In 1977  a modern flower shop was built along with new greenhouses.  Ernie loved people and took great pleasure in helping gardeners with their concerns. He enjoyed showing customers  around the Garden Centre, and especially the green houses when  the huge poinsettia crop was growing.  The Burnett family decided to take a different direction in  1997, selling the property to the hospital. Ernie then had a small  greenhouse built in his back yard, in which he produced hanging  baskets and various specialty plants.  He enjoyed his "retirement" years working in his greenhouse, taking care of his little dog Buddy and visiting with Evelyn,  who had suffered a stroke in 1995, in Cottonwoods Extended Care  Hospital.  In 2000, he was proud to put out a CD of some of his  favourite recordings that he had made over the years. Over 500  CD's have been sold. Ernie was bright and active until his health  took a down turn in the spring of 2003, and he passed away peacefully on August 13, 2003.  76 ohs Thomas Archangelo Capozzi  October 10, 1928 -  February 18, 2004  Written by his wife, B. Gail Plecash  It is a privilege to be asked to write a tribute about my late husband, Tom Capozzi, for the Kelowna Branch of the Okanagan  Historical Society. I cannot imagine better subject material.  Tom lived and breathed the history of this town. He remembered every detail of the city development during his growing up  years in the 1930's and 1940's, then the building years from the  mid 1950's onward. Driving around many of the streets in  Kelowna with Tom was like listening to an historical account of  the families and buildings that were present fifty years ago. I  always felt as if I should have a tape recorder playing when we  turned down Abbott Street, as Tom had such clarity and fondness  of memory for the neighbours he recalled. Often, on our drives,  he would point out his route to his school, the Catholic Church,  and his walk to the grocery store where he clerked as a young lad.  And of course, we would drive through the north end of Kelowna,  as this was his newspaper route (and which he claimed to be the  longest route in the history of the world through the eyes of a ten  year old boy).  Tom was born in Kelowna on October 10, 1928; the youngest  son of Pasquale and Maria Capozzi.  Even though life growing up in Kelowna was not all play,  Tom certainly made it look that way. His parents engendered a  strong work ethic in him; there was no such luxury as "free time"  and so he became an expert at making play out of his  school/work/church day. Regarding school somewhat as a  respite, Tom thoroughly enjoyed his elementary and junior high  Barbara Gail Plecash was the second of four siblings, born in Vancouver and  raised in Penticton. Her father was a devoted Urologist who served the entire  Okanagan Valley, her mother a builder/volunteer for the town of Penticton.  Gail went to UBC to study Ecology, the U. of Calgary to study Medicine, then  the U. of Tbronto for Family Practice Certification. She practised in Tbronto,  then in Kelowna, where she now has a Family Practice. She was blessed by a  loving marriage to the late Tbm Capozzi, and the privilege of motherhood to  two daughters.  ohs 77 THOMAS ARCHANGELO CAPOZZI  Tom Capozzi. (Courtesy his wife B. Gail Plecash)  days in Kelowna. His  classmates report he  was not the quietest of  students (I have heard  him described as "high-  spirited" on more than  one occasion), but he  was enthusiastic and a  very quick study. Off to  Vancouver City College  for his senior high  school years, Tom was  subsequently recruited  to Portland University  and UCLA on a football  scholarship to study  business.  The Okanagan  enchanted Tom and he  returned to Kelowna to  discover the real world  of business. He followed his father's footsteps as one of the builders of Kelowna  through his position as Executive Vice President of Capozzi  Enterprises (building the Capri Shopping Centre), Executive Vice  President of Calona Wines, and Director of Calona Distillers Ltd.  Tom was an original director of the B.C. Wine Council involved in  establishing the VQA quality wines. Throughout his business  career, one of Tom's greatest satisfactions was that he was in a  position to provide employment opportunities for others.  Tom met and married Babs in the 1960's; then had four children, Cameron, Cascia, Caron and Colin. During the children's  growing up years, Tom was often travelling, but he enjoyed his  weekends at home with family and friends. The Capozzi home  was a social headquarters and many outrageous parties happened  during those fair days - the Greek versus Italian volleyball tournaments, the pool parties and the tennis tournaments were  enjoyed by many locals and "imports."  When I met Tom in the early 1980's, he was experiencing  challenging business times, and the parties were less of a focal  point. Tom's children were grown, and he and Babs had previously decided that they made better friends than marriage partners.  Tom and I were married several years later and he started a  new adventure as an "at home" father of two girls, Lauren and  78 ohs THOMAS ARCHANGELO CAPOZZI  Krista. He experienced changing diapers for the first time and,  although not his favourite task, he was able to cover emergencies.  Tom truly enjoyed this role as Daddy while many of his friends  were introducing their grandchildren.  Although Tom's cancer diagnosis in 1998 interrupted the  teen years of his two daughters, he was determined to do everything he could to spend as much time as possible with them. We  will never forget the tears of pride in his eyes when he watched  his eldest daughter get a student of the year award from her high  school.  As Lauren spoke at Tom's funeral, I heard her sum up the  most incredible spirit of her father in these words, "Many of you  at the funeral will be able to relate to my experience when I say  that we spent much of our time trying to keep up with Dad - not  only on the ski hill, or on the tennis court, but in the fullness of  his spirit, the quickness of his wit, and how he made conversation  an art. Our Dad helped everyone experience life, with certain textures and hues. He taught us how to taste wine. But from this  man, we learned how to taste life. Our Father's life was a continuous celebration. At times the party was booming, yet, at other  times, he had to work hard to keep the music playing. But you  always wanted to be invited."  A deep seated belief that we must all give back to our community the gifts our community gives to us led Tom to be an original founder of the Central Okanagan Foundation. He truly cherished his home town, the City of Kelowna.  ohs 79 Lucy Hack,1903 -2003  by Ralph Englesby  Lucy Hack was born on May 3, 1903 in Vancouver. Her maiden name was Lucy Waring Varty Crafter, and she was educated in England. She taught school in England for three  years before returning to Canada, where the family lived on  Wardlaw Avenue in Kelowna.  Lucy took her first two years of nursing training at the  Kelowna General Hospital and the third year was at the  Vancouver General Hospital, from which she graduated as a R.N.  in 1928.  Lucy's nursing career was varied. She worked at the  Kelowna General Hospital, the Indian Mission Hospital in Lytton,  in the South London Hospital for Women in England, and in the  Vancouver General Hospital. While serving in the latter, she  developed an allergy to surgical soap, and had to retire from hospital service. However, she was determined to continue nursing,  and so she took a Public Health course at U.B.C, then joined the  Victorian Order of Nurses in 1937.  The V.O.N, posted Lucy to Oliver where she began serving  as the public health nurse in the area from Okanagan Falls to the  U.S. border.  Mrs. Hack has described these "early days" in the southern  Okanagan: "The seven years I spent working as a V.O.N, were  among the most satisfying of my life. My duties included schools,  homes, nursing with disease control in a rural district in the South  Okanagan from Okanagan Falls to the U.S. border. Several gold  mines were still working in the surrounding hills and on the eastern side there was an Indian Reserve, usually inhabited by about  100 Indians."  Lucy has recounted that at the time, there was only one doctor in the South Okanagan area; the nearest hospital on the  Canadian side of the border was in Penticton. At times, car transportation was possible, but the horse was more reliable, given the  condition of the roads. Most women chose to have their babies in  their homes, which meant that Lucy had about fifty confinements  This tribute was written by Ralph Englesby from material supplied from the  files of the Oliver Chronicle which were obtained from the Oliver Archives.  Thanks to Lucy Hack's nieces- Eileen Chappell and Sylvia Day for added  information and the picture provided.  80 ohs LUCY HACK  a year to deal with  throughout the district.  There were six schools  which she had to serve,  and contagious diseases  such as typhoid and  smallpox that had to be  dealt with, within the  patients' homes.  In 1944 Lucy  Crafter married Bill  Hack, a fruit grower and  green house and nursery operator in the rural  Testalinda area, between  Oliver and Osoyoos.  Lucy gave up her nursing career when she  married, but continued  to be active in the community. In 1996 the  Oliver chapter of the  Registered     Nurses  Association of B.C. honoured her during the 75th anniversary  of Oliver.  At the time, Mrs. Hack was living in the McKinney Place  Extended Care Unit in Oliver, following a fall when she broke her  hip. Later that year, she moved to Sunnybank, Oliver and was  there until June 2002, when she returned to McKinney Place  Extended Care for the final year of her long life. She died July 14,  2003. In May of 2003, to honour her 100th birthday, Mrs. Hack's  life and her contributions to the community were celebrated and  recognized, with a feature article in the Oliver Chronicle.  Mrs. Hack has always been a friend of the Historical Society.  She has addressed branch meetings, speaking on local history,  and she has written articles for the Historical Report. The  Okanagan Historical Society joins her many friends in the South  Okanagan in viewing her passing with regret.  Lucy Hack, Sunnybank, Oliver about 1999 or 2000, age  96 or 97. (Counesy Sylvia Blackbume)  OHS 81 Wallace Cormach Bennett  December 21, 1920 -  April 27, 2003  by The Kelowna Branch,  Okanagan Historical Society  -w- a -rally Bennett, well-known Kelowna pioneer, passed away  Won April 27, 2003. He was born in Kelowna on December  21, 1920, one of seven children of Alec and Jane Bennett.  He lived in the Kelowna area all his life.  On October 3, 1943, Wally Bennett and Dorothy Johnson,  also a member of a pioneer family, were married. They lived all  their married life in their home in the Glenmore area until they  moved to McKinley Landing in October of 1968. They had a farm  on the west side of Glenmore Road on which they grew hay and  fruit trees, and raised cattle.  For many years, Wally and Dorothy were very active in  the Glenmore Community Club.  He lived a life dedicated to the service of others, and had a long history  of public service. He was  the first chairman of the  Regional Hospital District,  first chairman of the  Central Okanagan  Regional District (a position he held for five and  one-half years), and the  first Mayor of the newly  expanded city of Kelowna  (1973-75). He also sat on  the first board of the B.C.  Municipal Finance  Authority, which raises  millions of dollars for pub-  lic works across the  province.  Wallace C. Bennett. (Counesy Dorothy Bennett)  82 ohs WALLACE CORMACH BENNETT  He was instrumental in establishing the Okanagan Basin  Water Board, was Arena Commissioner, Manager of the Kelowna  Packers Senior Hockey Club and active in the Glenmore Ellison  Irrigation District.  He owned and developed the rural property that became the  community of McKinley Landing, often plowing snow from its  roads and driveways to help its new residents. He established  Bennett Contracting, which installed water and sewer lines,  among other public works projects.  Most of all, he was admired by those of all political persuasions for his integrity.  His word was his bond.  Wally Bennett was a blunt man who often spoke his mind.  During his term as Mayor of the City of Kelowna, he drafted the  city's negotiation document for the 1973 amalgamation with the  outlying areas of Glenmore, Rutland, Mission and Southeast  Kelowna. He provided the leadership that Kelowna needed at  that time. Kelowna grew from eight to eighty-eight square miles  with the amalgamation, and under Wally's leadership, the  province was convinced to maintain rural roads with no time  limit, provide funds for fire protection throughout the new city,  and funds for road upgrading and other improvements.  He envisioned a beautiful waterfront and started the process  of buying land in the north end of the city. The pay-as-you-go,  user-pay philosophy, which kept Kelowna's debt minimal and  started reserve funds to pay for future upgrading, was established  while he was Mayor. According to the present Kelowna Mayor  Walter Gray, "He was a clear thinking businessman. He was a  very, very nice man, but pretty much a no-nonsense type of guy."  Wally and his wife of fifty-nine years, Dorothy, lived a busy  life, but managed to do much travelling, which they both enjoyed.  They had a family of three children; Bob (Cindy), Ted (Carol), and  Lynn Balfour. They have seven grandchildren and five greatgrandchildren.  Information obtained from:  * The Daily Courier article of April 30, 2003, by J.P. Squire  * Conversation with Dorothy Bennett  * Obituary  ohs 83 Mary Helene Esma Blackburn  Nov. 13, 1913 - Nov. 7, 2003  by Penny Caley  My mother Mary Blackburn was a proud Canadian born in  Kaslo, B.C., the only child of Eric W. and Phyllis Barton.  Her parents emigrated from England to make a living in  a brand new country and a very "new" area in the Kootenays.  They decided to try chicken farming and were well into it when  World War I was declared. Mary's father insisted on returning the  family to his homeland so he could join the RNAS (later R.A.F).  They returned to Vancouver after the War where her father was  admitted to Shaughnessy Hospital. For approximately two years  he was treated for asthma, a result of being injured. Mary's mother, a trained tailor, opened her own dressmaking and wardrobe  planning business for the elite ladies of the Vancouver area.  When Mary's father recovered enough to be released from the  hospital he was advised to go the interior where the climate was  more conducive to his health. Kelowna was their choice of location, and so once again they moved, not only a household but also  my grandmother's dress making business, along with several  employees. In 1925 Eric and Phyllis divorced and Mary remained  with her father. Needless to say, in those days, it was a difficult  situation for both of them.  My Mom attended school in Kelowna starting at Miss  Hewitson's (Hooties) kindergarten and then on to public school  for a few years before attending St. Michael's Girls School; a boarding school in Vernon. As a young girl Mom learned to play tennis  and swim, both activities she continued to enjoy throughout her  life. After graduation from High School she took a secretarial  course at night school and worked at her father's place of employment during the day to gain office experience. Mom also worked  for J.W.B Browne at CKOV radio and in 1933 was crowned Miss  CKOV, thought to be the forerunner of the Miss Lady of the Lake  competition. She was hired as secretary for the newly- formed  B.C. Vegetable Marketing Board and when they moved their office  to Armstrong, she moved with them.   She roomed and boarded  Penny Caley (nee Blackburn) is the elder daughter of Mary and Dave  Blackburn. Penny lives in Kelowna and worked for Canada Post for many  years. In her retirement, she enjoys travelling, sewing and golfing.  84 ohs MARY HELENE ESMA BLACKBURN  with Mrs. Dorcas Cary, the home for many new young single  arrivals to Armstrong. She met her future husband, my father  David Blackburn, and they were married in 1936, making  Armstrong their home for the next sixty years.  In 1940 when my Dad went overseas, Mom moved to  Kelowna and was employed in the Advertising Department of B.C.  Tree Fruits. She relocated to Armstrong when Dad returned home  from World War II to operate his father's trucking business,  Blackburn & Son Transfer. In September 1945, I was born. Both  Mom and Dad became involved in the community. While Dad  and fellow veterans were building the local Legion, Mom and her  sister-in-law Marjorie Pothecary, along with several veterans'  wives, were busy forming the Ladies Auxiliary to Branch #35, a  tower of strength and help to the Legion to this day. We lived in  the fire hall in the late forties while Dad was Fire Chief. My sister Susan was born during that time in 1949. Mom often told the  story about her routine when a fire call came. The call automatically set off the fire alert sirens at very high decibels and would  not shut off until the phone, which was located downstairs, was  answered. Mom would rush in and pick up the screaming baby,  fly down the steep set of stairs to answer the phone and record the  details. Meanwhile, Dad was getting his gear on and preparing  the trucks. Mom must have been very agile and fleet of foot to  accomplish this task, which would have been made easier and  safer if only the City would have permitted a phone extension  upstairs.  After the family moved to Pleasant Valley Road in 1951,  Mom returned to the work force. She was employed by  Armstrong Cheese Cooperative with their product brand name-  Valley Dairy. She worked for Joe Mullen who was manager and  cheese maker at the time. She took the Saint John's Ambulance  training course that enabled her to be the first aid attendant for  the plant. In the late fifties, she made a career change and  became the legal steno, first for lawyers Steven Denroche and  Jurgen Behncke in Armstrong, and then at the office of Steiner,  Carrigan, Mondan, and Bates in Vernon. In the late sixties, Mom  joined NOCA Dairy as secretary to General Manager Everard  Clarke. Her duties were many and varied. Her favorite duties  were in the advertising department and as editor of the NOCA  News. This department really energized Mom's love for words  and tweaked her creativity. She joined some of the NOCA gang in  many pleasurable hours, creating and building floats for the  Vernon Winter Carnival parades, and indeed they received many  awards for their efforts. Mr. Clarke took Mom to the initial meetings of Silver Star Mountain Development. She was the Recording  ohs 85 MARY HELLENE ESMA BLACKBURN  Secretary, and she found the adventure to be most exciting. Over  the years, she followed the progress of the Development with  great interest.  Mom was always a very busy lady and she really stretched  each day to its limit. During her working years she enjoyed  many extra curricular activities, as well as running a household  (with some help when my sister and I were at home). Mom  made most of our clothes, from babyhood to the teen years, using  her sewing machine or her speedy knitting needles. She called  the finished products her labors of love. She enjoyed helping us  plan parties, cooking pots of beans for sleigh riding outings, and  making fancy cakes and sandwiches for coffee parties before  Prom dances. She always had time for our friends and us. Mom  had a warmth about her that related to people of all ages and  from all walks of life; she had a wealth of knowledge that she  freely shared with young and old.  Mom retired from NOCA in 1973, due to limited eyesight,  which was corrected with cataract surgery. She then jumped back  into community activities. She had more time to pursue her interests and to hone her talents. Painting gave her such pleasure and  over the years she took classes with several well-known valley  artists. She was instrumental in forming the Armstrong Paint and  Pallet Club, which led to hours of painting pleasure as well as  many new and lasting friendships. She also enjoyed teaching  young children the joys of painting, particularly her three grandchildren, who benefited greatly from her time and patience. Mom  was also one of the founding members of the Armstrong  Spallumcheen Museum and Art Gallery. A great deal of satisfaction was achieved from her involvement in the operation of both  facilities. From fund raising at the book sales, to the hanging of  many art shows and preparing the signage for each display, she  was referred to by co-workers as "The spark that ran the gallery".  After Dad's passing in 1994, Mom moved to Williams Lake  to be near my sister Susan and her family. Mom enjoyed her  move; she had always had a great passion for the Cariboo, which  she often endeavored to reproduce on canvas. Mom died peacefully at the Cariboo Lodge on November 7, 2003, six days short  of her 90th birthday. Many will remember her charisma and  energy. Surviving her are two daughters, Penny (Robert) Caley  of Kelowna, and Sue (Ken) Schwartz of Williams Lake, three  grandchildren Brad, Randy, and Deanna Schwartz and four great  grandchildren.  86 ohs MARY HELENE ESMA BLACKBURN  Mary H.E. Blackburn at the Armstrong Spallumcheen Art Gallery.  (Courtesy the author)  ohs 87 Frank Snowsell  May 15, 1908 - Aug. 16. 2003  by Lynne (Snowsell) Schroeder  Frank was born in Cirencester, England to Edwin and Felicia  Snowsell. His father was a family partner in a flour mill.  The business could not support all of the family, and so  Frank's parents decided to move to Canada. They applied for a  C.P.R. farm in Alberta, and in 1911 Frank, his parents, and  younger sister, Betty, settled in Sedgewick, Alberta. Two more  brothers, Jack and Jim, were born in Sedgewick. Times were very  tough, especially because Edwin had no experience or knowledge  of farming. In 1925 they walked off their farm and moved to the  Glenmore area, just outside of Kelowna, where Edwin became an  orchardist for the rest of his life.  Frank completed his education in Kelowna, then continued  on to Normal School and the University of British Columbia, completing his Bachelor of Arts and later his Master's Degree in  History. He taught in many school districts in British Columbia,  before retiring to Kelowna in 1970. He loved his teaching days  and enjoyed the students, especially if they challenged him or he  could challenge them. He had many stories to tell about his students. He always said you needed discipline before you discipline  yourself, but you also shouldn't break a student's spirit. He took  part in many after-school activities, especially coaching basketball. Many of his students kept in touch with him even after they  were out of school.  Frank loved politics, getting the desire from his parents, particularly his mother. He thoroughly enjoyed his one year as an  MLA in Victoria in 1952. On other occasions, he tried unsuccessfully to be elected to provincial or local governments. He worked  hard for others, campaigning and raising funds for the CCF and  NDP parties. He was campaign manager for O.L. Jones, former  Kelowna   mayor,   when   O.L.   ran   for   Federal   Member   of  Lynne Schroeder is the fourth child of Frank and Chelta Snowsell. She was  born in Armstrong, BC, and lived with her family in Kelowna for one year  in 1949, before moving to Victoria, where she finished her schooling. Lynne  has lived on Texada Island for forty years, working for Texada Mines for over  thirty years until her retirement. She has visited Kelowna many times. She  has two children and four grandchildren.  88 ohs FRANK SNOWSELL  Parliament.  One of his sayings to the family was, "Don't  be afraid of trying and failing,  you always come  away learning  something from  the experience."  He served  in World War II  in the Air Force  as an intelligence  Chelta and Frank Snowsell. (Courtesy Chelta Snowsell) officer.  He found  war did not solve anything. He was enraged by the treatment of  the Canadian Japanese, not in the evacuation, but the confiscation of their belongings.  Frank always stood up for what he believed in, and wrote  many letters to newspapers across the country. His was almost a  common household name because of his correspondence. "He  always had an opinion," wrote Charlie Hodge in his column in the  Capital News, "he pinned my ears to the wall on a number of occasions (most of them probably justified) and applauded on occasion when he figured I was thinking straight."  When he retired he wrote two self-published books, a biography of O.L. Jones, and a critique of U.S. foreign policy.  He was a well-rounded individual who loved to read, garden,  and take part in many sports. He enjoyed camping and travelling  the world with his wife. He had a most beautiful tenor voice that  stayed with him his whole life.  Frank leaves to mourn his passing his beloved wife of seventy years, Chelta (nee Reid), son Allen (Myrt), daughters Lynne  (Dig) and Jane, six grandchildren and five great-grandchildren.  His son Teddy, daughter Anne, brothers Jack and Jim, and sister  Betty (Geen) predeceased him.  This quote was found at the bottom of one of Frank's articles:  Life is a story, written in volumes three  The past, the present, the yet to he;  The first is written and laid away  The second we are writing every day,  The third and last of the Volumes Three  Is locked from sight; God holds the key.  ohs 89 STILL FRUITFUL DESPITE CHANGES AND CHALLENGES  A Century of Fruit Growing  in Coldstream  by Jamie Kidston  In 1904 my grandfather, John Kidston, purchased one hundred  and twenty-five acres of farmland in Coldstream from The  Coldstream Ranch. In 2004 I am still growing apples and  pears on forty acres of the same land.  In 1904 John Kidston and his family were living temporarily in England. He was looking for a new direction for his life after  fifteen years spent in India. The B.C. Agent General in London  advised that the Coldstream Ranch, owned by Lord Aberdeen, had  orchard land for sale in Coldstream. All that was necessary was  to plant fruit trees and wait for crops to develop. There was strong  demand for the fruit. John Kidston decided to come out and look  over the land, liked what he saw, purchased one hundred and  twenty-five acres, and sent to England for his family. The family  (my grandmother, my three aunts and my year-old father) arrived  in late 1904.  The Kidston family spent the winter of 1904/05 in a rented  house in Vernon, where my uncle, Jack Kidston, the youngest  child, was born in January 1905. The family then rented the manager's residence at the Coldstream Ranch for a few months (the  manager was away on leave) while their house, "Miktow", was  built on the shore of Kalamalka Lake.  John Kidston's land, located east of Kalamalka Lake in the  Coldstream Valley, was covered in grass and brush. The  Coldstream Ranch had installed an irrigation system to water the  area. They also operated a nursery to produce fruit trees for purchasers of their land.  The Kidston family was originally from Scotland, and had  not been involved in farming. Suddenly John Kidston was a  farmer, and involved with a crop which had only recently been  introduced to the area. The Provincial Department of Agriculture  Jamie Kidston grew up on the family orchard. He graduated in Geological  Engineering from U.B.C. and worked on dam construction in a number of  countries. In 1977 he returned to the orchard. He has been a long-time Board  Member of Okanagan North Growers Co-operative (formerly the Vernon  Fruit Union), was the President of BC Tree Fruits Ltd. for a number of years,  and served on the Board of Sun Rype Products Ltd.  90 ohs A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  published periodical bulletins on various aspects of fruit growing,  but it must still have been a steep learning curve.  Dr. D.V.Fisher (OHS Report No. 42, 1978) reported that fruit  plantings were made in the coastal region of British Columbia in  the 1840's and onwards. The most famous early orchards were in  Lytton, reaching three hundred acres by 1875. Fruit growing in  the southern interior became established around 1867, although  a small orchard was planted at Okanagan Mission in Kelowna in  1862. A number of orchards were established in the Okanagan  and the West Kootenays between 1890 and 1904. Lord Aberdeen  began planting trees at the Coldstream Ranch in 1891, and by 1907  had the largest commercial orchard in British Columbia, reportedly four hundred acres in extent.  The Kidston family 1907. (Courtesy Jack Kidston)  Within a few years of purchasing his land, John Kidston had  cleared and planted all of it to fruit trees. The exact varieties that  he planted are not recorded, but it is likely that he followed the  lead of the Coldstream Ranch people who had found that the following were well suited to the soils and climate of Coldstream:  Wealthy, Jonathan, Mcintosh Red, Grimes' Golden, Wagner,  Spitzenberg, Cox's Orange and Northern Spy.  Irrigation water was provided from the irrigation canals constructed by the Coldstream Ranch, fed from King Edward Creek  (The King Edward Ditch) and Coldstream Creek (The Walker  Ditch). In some years there was insufficient water for the whole  summer, and the trees and crops suffered accordingly. Each year  furrows were harrowed in the orchard beside each row of trees,  and water from supply ditches was trickled down the furrows.  OHS 91 A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  Controlling the flow in the ditches and furrows was a time-consuming process.  I remember that my father would walk across the bottom of  a block of orchard, marking in a notebook whether each irrigation  furrow had too much water, no water, or just enough. He then  went to the top of the block and adjusted the pebbles or pieces of  sod which controlled the flow into each furrow. Blocks of orchard  were irrigated at intervals, in rotation. The amount of water used  was strictly controlled by a "ditch walker" who patrolled his ditch  on a daily basis, checking on usage and ensuring that the water  was flowing freely.  The initial plantings of trees grew quickly in the virgin soils,  but it took ten or more years for the trees to fill their allocated  spaces and produce full crops.  When fruit production reached commercial quantities, John  Kidston established a packing house at the corner of Kidston and  Kalamalka Lake Roads, adjacent to the railway tracks. He established his own fruit label, "JK Brand" and sold his fruit to various  buyers. Production in .the Okanagan Valley had by then reached  substantial proportions, and due to the low population almost all  of the fruit had to be shipped to distant markets in Vancouver, the  Prairie provinces, and as far away as England, Australia and New  Zealand. Competition for the markets was fierce, with a multitude  of sellers vying for sales. Anticipated strong prices as promised by  the B.C. Agent General in London did not materialize.  By the late 1920's John Kidston's health was failing and in  1927 my father, Jim Kidston, took over the orchard. John Kidston  died in 1932.  The 1930's were a difficult time for everyone. In 1935 a  large part of the orchard, and the family home on Kalamalka Lake,  were sold to satisfy bank debts. My father built a new house on  the hill above Miktow. I grew up and presently live in this house.  Not long after my father returned from World War II sprinklers became available for irrigation. This resulted not only from  the development of sprinkler heads to distribute the water, but  also more importantly the availability of light-weight aluminum  pipe and quick-coupling connections for the thirty foot long pipes.  Buried steel water mains were installed in the orchards, fed from  the irrigation ditches. Headers were installed at intervals along  the mains. A line of aluminum pipes and sprinklers was laid out  from a header, and the water turned on. The whole line of pipes  was moved ahead every twelve hours. The use of sprinklers was  a revolution in irrigation practice. It allowed more efficient use of  water, even application of water across the orchard, the virtual  92 ohs A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  elimination of soil erosion, and the planting of grass or other  cover crops between the tree rows.  Another revolution was a change in sprayer technology.  When spraying of orchards first became necessary it was a laborious and messy operation. Wooden tanks were mounted on trailers pulled by horses. Motor-driven pumps drew spray solution  from the tanks and forced it at high pressure (500 psi) through  long hoses to hand-held spray guns. Men walked behind the trailer dragging the hoses and drenching down each tree with spray.  Sprays such as lead arsenate and Paris Green (arsenic) were used  to control codling moth and other insects, while lime-sulphur and  Bordeaux mixture (lime plus sulphate of copper) were used for  fungal diseases. In the mid-1940's the Dominion Entomological  Laboratory at Summerland developed a low volume air blast  sprayer which could be pulled by a tractor. By 1949 such sprayers  had become commercialized. A pump on the sprayer forced  spray solution through a series of nozzles and a large air fan blew  the spray droplets through the trees. Now one man on a tractor  could drive up and down the tree rows in relative comfort, spraying continuously with even coverage of the trees and low volumes  of spray. There have been many refinements, but the sprayers of  today use the same principles as those of 1949.  Since the earliest days of apple growing in the Okanagan,  apples had been picked into one-bushel wooden boxes which held  thirty pounds of loose fruit. Full boxes from the orchards were  loaded onto trailers or trucks, and hauled in to packing houses. At  the packing houses the boxes were piled seven high and wheeled  by "hand trucks" one stack at a time in to storage rooms. The fruit  was then graded, packed into the same wooden boxes, lidded, and  shipped to market. Specialized sawmills prepared the lumber -  known as "shook" - for the apple boxes, and hundreds of people  throughout the valley were employed in nailing together boxes  from the shook. Box makers were paid on a piece basis, and many  bruised and battered thumbs resulted from high-speed work with  large-headed hammers.  In the 1950's visitors to New Zealand observed the use of  bulk bins in orchards there. These bins held a half-ton of fruit and  were handled on trailers. Fruit was picked directly into the bins,  and the full bins were hauled to packing houses where the fruit  was dumped. A delegation of knowledgeable people from the  Okanagan was sent to New Zealand to study this new idea in  detail, and they came back full of enthusiasm. By the early 1960's  the entire Okanagan industry had converted to bulk bins.  Orchard tractors had to be equipped with fork lifts to handle the  bins, but a great deal of labour was saved both in orchards and in  ohs 93 A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  packing houses. The bulk bins (holding eight hundred pounds of  apples equal to twenty-five bushels) are now ubiquitous. Soon,  fruit was packed for market in cardboard boxes, and the wooden  boxes became collectors' items.  The early apple trees were all grown on seedling rootstocks.  Trees were produced by nurseries by first planting out seeds collected from harvested apples. When the resulting trees were  about eighteen inches in height they were budded or grafted to  the desired apple variety. This resulted in a tree with a seedling  root system and lower trunk, and a commercial apple variety on  "Miktow" - The Kidston's home on Kalamalka Lake, c.1908. Behind (L to R) are Cossitt  house (now Ormsby), the Glossop house (latterly Sovereign), the McLimont house (later  Orchardleigh Lodge) and the Buchanan barn. Note that the Buchanan home (Mackie now)  has not yet been built. This photo is part of a larger panorama. (CouUesy the Vernon Museum)  top. These trees grew to a large size as the rootstock was very vigorous, but each tree had a somewhat different size and vigor as  each rootstock was genetically unique (because every seed was  genetically unique).  Modern apple trees are propagated from dwarfing root-  stocks, which are "clonally" reproduced. There are varying  degrees of "dwarfness" available, from almost full size to extremely dwarf. The rootstocks are grown in nurseries and again the  desired variety of apple budded or grafted on. The advantage of  dwarfing trees is that they are even in size and tend to come into  production sooner than seedling trees. Because they are smaller,  they can be planted closer together.  In the late 1950's dwarf rootstocks became available in the  94 ohs A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  Okanagan and the spacing of trees in new plantings started to contract. At first semi-dwarf trees were used, with spacing typically  15 feet x 17 feet (trees 15 feet apart in the rows, rows 17 feet  apart). Fully dwarf trees began to be widely planted in the 1980's  at spacings of perhaps 6 feet x 12 feet. In the early 1990's a further advance was to plant dwarf trees very close together (say 2  feet apart) and to prune as little as possible. This latter system is  known as super spindle, and suits our soils and growing conditions very well. The initial expense of planting is high due to the  high tree numbers, but the orchard can produce a significant crop  in the year after planting. Super spindle plantings result in  hedges of trees rather than rows of individual trees.  One of the attributes of dwarf trees is that they have very  compact root systems, concentrated close to the ground surface.  As a result, the trees have to be watered far more frequently than  standard trees, which have a much more extensive and deep root  system. The introduction of dwarf plantings therefore required a  change in irrigation systems, from sprinklers to drip. The latter  can be operated to provide small amounts of water to the trees on  a daily basis, replacing just the amount of water used by the trees  over the day. This represents another step forward in the efficient use of water as only the tree rows are watered rather than  the whole orchard. Drip systems use only about 50% of the  amount of water per acre needed for sprinkler systems  My grandfather planted trees at 30 feet x 30 feet spacing  (forty-eight trees per acre). My father planted many blocks at 15  feet x 17 feet (one hundred and seventy trees per acre) and in  1961, to the puzzlement of his peers, a block at 6 feet x 12 feet (six  hundred and five trees per acre). My latest plantings are 2 feet x  10 feet (two thousand one hundred and eighty trees per acre).  My father's 6 feet x 12 feet planting, known as the pillar system, was an interesting one. He had read about this system in an  English horticultural magazine, and decided to try it out. The theory was that you grew a tree like a pillar and pruned off each  branch as soon as it had produced fruit. The tree was then supposed to grow new branches to replace the old ones, and you  always produced fruit on young wood (which gives better fruit).  The trouble was that the new branches wouldn't grow, and so the  system was eventually converted to standard training and pruning. When my father complained to friends in England that he  couldn't get the pillar system to work, he was told that no one  there could either! Apparently the person who wrote the article  in the magazine was the only one who had any success.  Horticulture has its own fads and theories, not all of which are  successful.  ohs 95 A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  The varieties of apples planted have also changed greatly  over the years. Most of the early varieties have disappeared completely for one reason or another. Some were found to be unsuitable to our growing conditions. Others lost favour with the market. The advent of refrigerated storage extended the period of  availability of some popular varieties, and other varieties which  had been planted because of storage attributes rather than taste  became redundant.  My father's records show that in 1930 the following apple  varieties were grown (in descending order of production).  Mcintosh, Hyslop crabapples, Duchess, Grimes, Transcendent  crabapples, Wealthy, Winter Banana, Astrachan, Spitzenberg.  (The last three varieties had very small production)  Mcintosh became the principal variety grown in the North  Okanagan because it was popular with consumers and also  because the trees were more winter hardy than most. Over time  many trees were killed in very cold winters while Mcintosh survived. By the late 1930's the A.T. Howe Orchards, located in  Coldstream and the Vernon area, were the largest producers of  Mcintosh in the British Empire.  Spartan apples, developed in Summerland, became widely  planted in the 1950's. Other varieties were also introduced over  the years.  By 1965 my father's crop production had changed considerably, and in that year was as follows (in order of production):  Mcintosh, Spartan, Red Delicious, Red Rome, Tydeman, Newton.  My father retired in 1977, and died in 1989. I took over the  orchard in 1977 when he retired.  In the 1990's a number of new varieties of apples came into  favour, but not all of these have been successful. I planted some  acres of Empire, Jonagold and Fuji, but have since grafted all of  these trees over to other varieties.  In 2003 my apple varieties (in order of production) were:  Royal Gala, Spartan, Mcintosh, Golden Delicious, Red Delicious,  Ambrosia and Granny Smith.  It should be noted that we have always grown some pears,  and for many years prunes, but apples have always been the main  crop.  This is the general situation in the North Okanagan.  Packing and marketing of the fruit crops have also changed  greatly over the past century. In the early days most substantial  growers had their own packing houses, and sold their own fruit  through various channels. In the 1930's prices for all commodities sank to drastic lows and competition between the myriad of  sellers in the Okanagan caused many problems.   In 1937 a B.C.  96 ohs A CENTURY OF FRUIT GROWING IN COLDSTREAM  Natural Products Marketing Act was enacted which allowed orderly marketing of the entire tree fruit crop through the B.C.Fruit  Board. The Fruit Board, in turn, could designate the agencies  through which products should be marketed. In 1939 B.C. Tree  Fruits Ltd. (BCTF), established and owned by the B.C. Fruit  Growers Association, came into being as the sole marketing  agency for fresh fruit crops.  In 1974 the requirement that all fruit be marketed through  BCTF was rescinded. A number of small packing and selling operations sprang up after this date, but most of these have gone out  of business. BCTF is now owned jointly by the four co-operative  packing houses in the Okanagan Valley. It is estimated that 80%  of the apples grown in the valley are delivered to the four co-operatives.  As mentioned previously, a myriad of packing houses  sprang up in the early days of the fruit industry. The increasing  capital costs of storage and packing facilities, plus improved transportation, resulted in massive consolidation of the packing houses over the years. In the 1960's there were five fruit packing houses in the North Okanagan; now there are none. Most of the  apples grown in the North Okanagan are now shipped to the  Winfield facilities of the Okanagan North Growers Co-operative.  Vernon area growers deliver their fruit to a receiving station in  Vernon, from where it is hauled to Winfield by large highway  trucks.  I have owned and operated the family orchard, now forty  acres in size, since 1977. In that time I have replanted every  apple tree at least once, and some blocks of trees twice. I have  greatly increased tree densities per acre, and changed varieties.  Many, many other horticultural practices have been changed over  the years as well.  The Coldstream area has also changed greatly over the past  century, from being an agricultural community in 1904 with a  population of about 200, to a residential community (population  9,500) with an agricultural component. It is still a wonderful  place to live!  ohs 97 Mr. Sunrype"  My Father, Bill Vance  by his son, William (Bill) Elsworth Vance  My father, William Mitchell Vance was born January 31,  1878, near Listowel, Ontario, the sixth son in a family of  eleven. In his late teens he moved to Grandview,  Manitoba, and acquired an interest in a general merchandise  store, which he later owned outright. He also later owned a section of farmland.  In February 1907 he married Freda Stephanie Jackson, and  they raised a family of six - three boys, and then three girls - I  was the third boy. When I arrived, my father was reported to have  said, "There is my curling rink." He won the B.C. Curling  Bonspiel Championship in Trail, B.C., in 1930 with his family rink.  One October day in 1919, my father and my eldest brother,  Art, were closing the farm for the winter when my Uncle Jim  drove into the yard in his McLaughlin Buick (he was the dealer)  with a gentleman by the name of Atkinson. Uncle Jim asked my  father if he would like to sell the farm. The answer was, "If I could  get my price, yes." Mr. Atkinson asked if he had a shovel, and Art  quickly returned with a shovel. Mr. Atkinson asked if they could  walk around - they walked and Art dug where instructed. After  about ten diggings they returned to the house. Mr. Atkinson asked  my father what he was asking. My father stated a sum. Mr.  Atkinson walked out to the car and returned with a metal box,  counted out "Victory Bonds" and became the new owner. This  news pleased Mother, as negotiations to sell the store were well  underway and were soon finalized.  William (Bill) Elsworth Vance (Bill, Jr.) is the third son of William and Freda  Vance. He attended Nelson High School and Nelson Business College. In  1938, he started Vance Bros. Ltd., wholesale foods. He served Overseas with  the British Army as a Can-loan Infantry Officer. In 1945, he married a Nova  Scotian- Lt. N/S Evelyn Hiltz of the 23rd Canadian Army General Hospital.  They had four daughters and then one son and made their home in Trail. In  1968, the British invited Can-loan Officers back to London where they were  guests of the Queen in St. James Palace and had lunch with the Lord Mayor  of London at Mansion House. Now retired to Vancouver, Bill Vance says," My  lucky star continues to look after me!"  98 ohs MR. SUNRYPE, MY FATHER, BILL VANCE  Word of the Okanagan had reached Grandview, and so Dad  made a trip to investigate. He arrived home to say he had found  "Utopia" (Penticton). On July 2, 1920, we arrived in Penticton,  after a two-day stopover in Banff. Two railcars with furniture and  a new McLaughlin Buick followed. After looking around, we  located a nice home.  The Vance Family Curling Rink. (Courtesy the author)  Now that we were settled, Dad wanted to be involved in the  fruit industry. A packing plant was available at Poplar Grove,  between Penticton and Naramata - apples were to be the game.  In order to arrange a source of apples, he contacted several  growers near the plant. He promised if they shipped through his  plant, he would guarantee last year's price, and better if possible.  Several growers agreed and the product was to be shipped under  the name "SUNRIPE." Unfortunately it was a bad crop year on the  prairies, plus a breakdown occurred in the Jonathan variety.  Receipts for sales stopped, and after paying the growers at the previous year's returns. "SUNRIPE" ended, although Dad really liked  the name. My father became known as an honest man - he had  kept his word.  The apple returns had been disastrous in the Okanagan,  much less than the previous years; however all was not lost. Mr.  E.J. Chambers, President of the Associate Growers, came to see  our father. He said they had been watching "SUNRIPE" and stated  ohs 99 MR. SUNRYPE, MY FATHER, BILL VANCE  Modern Foods Ltd. (Courtesy the Kelowna Museum)  they would  like to have  Dad in their  organization.  Mr. Chambers  offered, and  Dad accepted,  the management of the  Associated  Branch of the  East Kootenay  at Creston.  In the meantime, Dad had leased the Senator Shatford twenty-acre ranch in South Penticton. Cherries and pears were the  crop. After two years of heavy frost in April, the lease was  dropped. He bought a crop of standard Delicious apples on the  Lower Bench near the hospital - two carloads were shipped to an  account in Edmonton, which shortly after (before paying) went  bankrupt. Our eldest brother, Art, did most of the work on these  two ventures.  Meanwhile, Associated had asked Dad to handle the East  and West Kootenay operations from Nelson. In 1935, the  Associated asked my father if he would consider the management  of the Kelowna Growers Exchange. He accepted the appointment  and moved to Kelowna in 1936.  The Associated had built what was considered to be the  largest plant of its kind in the British Empire. The storage capacity was 497,000 boxes of packed apples. The problem was, not  enough growers became members.  In 1937, a small processing plant known as Modern Foods  had started an operation, primarily dehydrated apples. They  were unsuccessful.  In 1938, a creditors' meeting was called, hoping to save the  local creditors. A committee of two was formed, Mr. W.A.C.  Bennett and William Vance. My father immediately visited the  plant and basically liked what he saw.  He had a vision.  After several visits to the Summerland Experimental Station  to learn of the possibilities and potential of a processing industry,  his vision took roots. This would be great for the Kelowna  Growers Exchange. He approached Mr. Bennett and made an  offer to take an option on the plant for $25,000, and would be prepared to write a cheque then and there for $500 if Mr. Bennett  agreed.  Mr. Bennett reportedly said he not only agreed, but also  100 OHS MR. SUNRYPE, MY FATHER, BILL VANCE  William Vance. (Courtesy the author)  that it would probably clear up  everyone. A cheque was written. A directors' meeting of the  Exchange was called by my  father to inform them what he  had done. At the meeting a discussion centered basically on  the fact the Exchange was in the  fresh market and it was thought  that should continue to be their  role. They stated that they  would reimburse my father for  the $500 he would be out. My  father said he would not take  their cheque, and that he would  not lose his money. The question was asked, "Would you  leave the Exchange?" The  answer was "I will not lose my  money." A further conversation  took place and the decision was,  "If you are so confident, we will  go with your recommendation.'^ - Some directors did have misgivings!)  Plans were set in place. The products would be dehydrated  apples, vinegar and a cucumber relish. The product would be  marketed under the name "SUNRYPE." My father, having played  a little semi-pro baseball in the Northern Manitoba league, was  superstitious, and as "SUNRIPE" he had struck out, and so a "Y"  was inserted in place of the "I."  There were three most important contributors to the launching of "SUNRYPE" - the lithographer, the food broker who  arranged store placements, and above all, the people at the  Summerland Experimental Station. The cucumber relish was a  recipe of my mother's - an instant success.  It should be told that in the first year of production, culls  from the Kelowna Growers Exchange were used, and the  Exchange received $8.00 per ton, which amounted to 7$ on a  packed box of apples. The Exchange members received this, and  the following year there was a waiting list of growers wishing to  become members.  It should also be told that the culls had been a great problem  for the industry. Many people will recall seeing acres of apples  floating in Okanagan Lake, as well as in other unpopular dumping  OHS 101 MR. SUNRYPE, MY FATHER, BILL VANCE  sites.   This was the first time growers had received anything for  their culls.  The Experimental Station worked on many new items,  including juice. In 1940 the army services approached my father  about a juice. - "SUNRYPE" was ready. They packed a clarified  juice fortified with Vitamin C in one gallon, 128 oz. cans, with  white labels featuring "SUNRYPE."  During the war years many new items were in short supply.  Two of the products that were produced were fruit tea from apple  skins, and apple butter. I remember apple butter because a  Chinese delegation came to see if they could buy the total output,  plus other commodities - unfortunately the Communists arrived  in China, and so no deal!  Concentrated apple  juice was shipped in large  quantities to the tobacco  industry. When the war  ended it was expected the  troops would go back to  prewar orange, grapefruit  or tomato juice. No way,  they asked for and received  all the apple juice they  could drink in many forms  and flavors.  Two other plants  were now producing apple  juice: Big Mac at Wood  Lake and Deightons at  Oliver. Another plant had  been built to produce apple  juice at Kelowna, under the  "Kelo" label. They were  unsuccessful, as I believe  they did not shellac the  inside of their cans, and the product was tainted by the time it  arrived at market.  At this time my father became concerned with the interest  to enter the industry being shown by some large food corporations. His prime concern was that in heavy production years the  price paid would be at their consideration. My father approached  Mr. Barrett, President of the B.C. Fruit Growers' Association with  his concern and suggested the B.C.F.G.A. should control the  industry. This would entail buying out the other producers in the  W.M. Vance, age ¬±70, taken ¬±1948. (Courtesy the  author)  102 ohs MR. SUNRYPE, MY FATHER, BILL VANCE  valley. The B.C.F.G.A. agreed to the proposal and a Bank of  Montreal loan of $3,000,000 at 3% interest was arranged with the  stipulation that William M. Vance manage the operation. That  was the birth of "B.C. Fruit Processors Limited." Some years later  the operation took the name "SUNRYPE."  One of the letters my father received, which was written on  "B.C. Tree Fruits Limited" letterhead on May 7, 1946, follows:  7th May 1946  Dear Mr. Vance  A number of years ago at a special meeting, the members of the  Exchange was asked to vote the sum of twenty five thousand dollars  for the purchase of 'Modern Foods'. At that time I argued that if the  then present owners were unable to operate at a profit, I could not see  how the Exchange could so do it although I eventually voted for the  purchase, it was with great misgivings.  The original purchase price & improvement's & extensions to the  amount of one hundred & fifty thousand dollars have been made out  of profits, & in addition ninety thousand dollars set aside for reserve,  for a total of nearly a quarter of a million dollars from an original  twenty five thousand dollar investment.  Large profits, which the management wisely have not publicized  in order not to further provoke the envy of growers unfortunate enough  not to he members of the 'Exchange' have been paid, & a major industry created.  This is indeed a notable achievement, & although war conditions created a ready market for our by-products, a very great part of  this enviable position must he credited to your foresight & able management.  I know I speak for my fellow members when I wish you every  success in your new position.  Yours sincerely,  John Bailey  On an occasion during the time that my father was managing B.C. Fruit Processors Ltd. I was introduced to a well-known  industry friend of my Dad's. He stated, "You will never be half the  man your father is."  If I could be known as half the man my father was, that  would be the greatest compliment one could have. No man could  ask for more.  A Lucky Son.  ohs 103 His Apples Were Delicious  - Robert Turner Fathered  Salmon Arm Orchard  Industry  by Denis Marshall  Salmon Arm's failed romance with the apple industry lasted a  half-century and today little survives, save three commercial  growers and scattered remnants of ancient orchards whose  past is gloriously revealed at blossom time. It was likely never  meant to be a viable fruit-growing region: the Shuswap area is too  far north; it failed to provide irrigation and the limited supply of  land is "side-hilly" and difficult to work.  These drawbacks, however, had no discernible influence on  settlers mesmerized by the Imperialist slogan, making the rounds  at the beginning of the last century: Grow Apples and Grow Rich.  And they certainly didn't give pause to an Irish greenhorn barely  out of his teens, whose first glimpse of Shuswap Lake appeared in  the window of a CPR dining car. Robert Turner would later attain  material success and exert great influence on the Interior fruit  industry. He became a resident of Salmon Arm in 1891 while  employed by the railway as an assistant cook under Alexander  Paul, twenty-nine, married, and by then a landowner in the fledgling community.  In those days it was not feasible to include a dining car in  the make up of passenger trains on the steeper mountain sections  and the solution was to time schedules so meals could be taken  either at a CPR hotel or on flatter stretches where the heavyweight dining cars weren't such a burden. For example, on the  Revelstoke-Kamloops section, the diner operated between Salmon  Arm and Griffin Lake. Later, Turner was assigned to the Ashcroft-  Mission run and when that posting was about to end in favour of  a transfer to Medicine Hat, he chose to settle down in Salmon  Arm rather than face Prairie winters.  Robert Turner's reputation ultimately spread far beyond the  borders of his new home with the development of the Turner Red  Denis Marshall is Salmon Arm Editor of the OHS Report and a Life Member  Of the OHS.  104 ohs HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  Delicious Apple, which will be discussed later in this article.  Turner was born in 1868 in Poyntzpasse, County Armaugh,  Northern Ireland, but very little is known about his parents or  their     circumstances,   except  they were small  gr<* - ": ;   farmers.   What  is known is that  there were few  opportunities  in the homeland and so  Turner sailed  for Canada in  1888 with the  prospect of  apprenticing to  a blacksmith  uncle at  Thorold,  Ontario.      "He  Robert and Maude Turner. (Courtesy Salmon Arm Observer) didn't like  blacksmithing much and one night he just took off, remembered  Ronald Turner, the last survivor of Robert's four children. There  was always ajob begging on the CPR. In this instance, it was with  work gangs building various Prairie branch lines, which inexorably drew Turner west until he was hired by the dining service  and joined fellow crew members at their Salmon Arm base on  February 20, 1891.  Four years before Turner's arrival, a Swede, Peter Magnus  Parsons, twenty-four, quit his job as a railway labourer and subsequently applied to preempt the northwest quarter of Section 13,  Township 20, Range 9 on March 31, 1890. Pete Parsons, as he  became known, laboriously cleared a five-acre strip south of the  CPR right-of-way on which he planted a few fruit trees ordered  from a Minneapolis nursery. This may have happened before he  received his patent in 1892, thus Parsons could be said to have set  out the first orchard in Salmon Arm. However, unlike J. D.  McGuire and C. B. Harris, who had commerical possibilities in  mind, Parsons may have only been doing it for his own palate.  A lifelong bachelor and fond of the bottle, Parsons sold off  seventy acres to Alex Paul in 1893, and in 1895 the tract was conveyed to Robert Turner, possibly for a cash consideration. (His son  says it may have changed hands in a poker game.) Now a budding  orchardist,  Robert was introduced to  apples named Seek-No-  ohs 105 HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  Further, Last Word, Belle de Boskop and the old Ontario standbys  King, Golden Russett and Northern Spy. He immediately began  clearing additional land and placed an order for more trees.  Marketing apples and other perishable crops before custom-  made boxes became available was haphazard at best; fruit was  compelled to travel in nail kegs or whatever else happened to be  on hand in the way of containers. About 1898 Robert Turner  assembled the first carload of apples shipped from Salmon Arm.  The fruit was consigned to mining camps in the Kootenays and  Turner packed the entire lot, augmented by the orchards of Pat  Owens, J. D. McGuire and Charles McVicker.  To borrow a popular refrain of the era, the beginning of the  20th century seemed to "belong" to British Columbia, especially in  the boom years 1905-1912, when fruit ranching promoted in  England as an idyllic lifestyle engendered a strong response  among middle-class Britons. Lacking the natural advantages of the  Okanagan Valley, Salmon Arm nonetheless shared the excitement, albeit on a much smaller scale.  The Salmon Arm Observer, also recently planted in the area,  recorded in 1908 that Robert Turner had twenty acres under cultivation. It also remarked that he "had a grip" on unfolding developments, both at home and afar. When Salmon Arm incorporated  as a municipality, Turner briefly acted as the first assessor, but,  more importantly, was devoting a great deal of time sharing his  know-how with newcomers and taking a lead in the formation of  cooperative agricultural organizations, including premature plans  for a creamery. One of his most significant contributions to the  community was the role he played in helping to establish the  Salmon Arm Farmers'Exchange (the Exchange), on which farmers  and fruit-growers largely depended for five decades.  Turner early on recognized the folly of planting too many varieties. When asked to speak at a meeting called to organize a farmer's  institute at Notch Hill—a duty he would willingly fulfill often—he  urged would-be orchardists to cultivate only three or four popular  varieties. One practical outcome of this approach, he emphasized,  would be the ability to meet large orders by crop pooling.  The real apple of Robert Turner's eye at this time, however,  turned out to be Maude Louise McGuire, the youngest offspring of  Agnes and Alexander McGuire, who had preceded her to Salmon  Arm in 1890 to claim a general store and trading post bequeathed  by their late son, Charles. The groom was in his 40th year and  Maude in her 27th when they exchanged vows in 1908 and it was  a fruitful union: Edward arrived in 1909, Marjorie in 1912, Ronald  in 1913 and Alexander (Sandy) in 1915.  106 ohs HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  At harvest's peak, the Exchange was often incapable of keeping pace with the volume of fruit, motivating several growers—  including Robert Turner—to do their own packing, but content to  let the co-op handle distribution. What finally prompted Turner to  go it alone was when the Exchange sent orchard-run apples to  Prairie wholesalers dumped pell-mell into a car. Today, Ronald  recalls that when father heard a local grower remark that his apples  "didn't look too bad when mixed with Turner's", it was time to  become an "independent" and explore other methods of marketing.  It is not necessary to replay the plight of fruit growers during the Great Depression, writ plain in the rallying cry, A Cent a  Pound or on the Ground. During this trying time, Robert Turner  came to believe that part of his salvation lay overseas, especially  since the Okanagan Valley could easily meet the needs of the  domestic market. Gambling on this hunch, in 1932 he shipped the  first carload of B. C. apples to Belfast, where it was eagerly  snapped up by consumers. The shipment was brokered by J. T  Mutrie of Vernon, who later acted for Turner on all exports to the  British Isles until the formation of B. C. Tree Fruits Ltd.  In one way,  the Depression  proved fortuitous  for the Turner  family, but calamitous for members  of the Palmer family, whose wholesale fruit and vegetable operation  was teetering on  insolvency.  Turner orchard  holdings had  increased to one  hundred acres by  1935, making it  no longer efficient to pack on-  site. Robert broke  away    from    the  R.H. (Ron) Turner, still going strong at ninety-one. (Courtesy  Denis Marshall)  Farmers'Exchange in 1930 and since shipped through E. A.  Palmer & Co. Ltd. A deal was struck in 1936 to acquire the Palmer  packing house, which was conveniently situated on the "team  track" next to the Exchange. The Palmers had previously provided an alternative outlet for a small group of growers at odds with  ohs 107 HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  the co-op's sales performance, collectively marketing fruit under  the Big Bear brand. Palmer also packed the "McG" brand  (McGillivray & Company wholesalers), as well as looking after the  needs of the Earlscourt marque for David Spencer Ltd. of  Vancouver. Earlscourt Farms was founded at Lytton in the 1880's  by T. G. Earl, a tireless promoter of the orchard industry and the  province's first fruit inspector, who early on voiced an opinion  that Salmon Arm was an "ideal spot" for orcharding. Robert Turner  & Sons shared in the pre-war export trade under Mutrie's Red Line  brand, which drew its inspiration from the overland and Panama  Canal shipping routes to Britain and Europe. The last and most  recognizable Turner label, showing bold horizontal bands of blue,  white and red, first appeared with the printed reminder at the  centre, "British Empire Product", to reflect the preferential trade  policy in effect at the time.  Export trade took on literal meaning in connection with 800  boxes of Turner apples Mutrie brokered in Brazil in exchange for  coffee, which was sold in turn to a wholesale house in England.  In addition to other obvious advantages, acquisition of the  Palmer packing house made it possible to have cold-storage capability and the facility was enlarged and reconfigured twice: first in  1938, plus a substantial $25,000 addition in 1948- able to hold  35,000 boxes in temperature-controlled abeyance.  From time to time, several other Salmon Arm orchardists  chose to have their crops handled by R. TUrner & Sons, among  them F H. Burne, Ike Daniels, W H. Brett, A. S. McArthur, H. V  Hooper, Clarence and Bill Fulton, Col. Bernard Scott and Gil  Calam. (W J. Wilcox of the WX Ranch experimented with packing  and shipping his own fruit, as did other independents, familiarly  under the Mountain Maid label.)  Increasingly relying on the profitable export market, R.  Turner & Sons suffered the effects of the outbreak of World War II,  which caused almost instantaneous delays or cancellation of ship  sailings. The 1937 decision to increase cold storage capacity  proved wise in light of the wartime upheaval.  While checking on the progress of 400 young trees supplied  by the Coldstream Ranch nursery, Turner was astonished to discover one in particular that had produced Delicious apples with a  nearly full-red blush, instead of the usual yellow hue. What he  encountered is known to horticulturists as a sport, a chance mutation that can be the nexus of a new variety. Realizing the significance of his find, Turner successfully grafted the strain, and in  1926 the TUrner Red-after extensive testing- was officially recognized by  the  Summerland  Experimental  Station.   Meantime,  108 ohs HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  George Wilcox had been brought into the picture to graft and market Turner's serendipitous gift from nature. (Wilcox later became  well known throughout the Okanagan in connection with his  nursery at Oliver.)  The rosy apple soon gained acceptance from other Interior  growers and won a series of prizes at provincial apple shows and  at the Armstrong Fair. In granting the seal of approval, researcher  C. C. Strachan cautioned growers against harvesting the new  strain too early—before sufficient sugar accumulated to make it a  desirable dessert product. "Premature harvesting of Red Delicious  will undoubtedly give fruit which meets Extra Fancy colour  requirements but has only Cee grade quality. On the other hand,  fully mature fruits of the Red strain are as appetizing as they are  attractive in appearance." No time was wasted in changing over  one-third of existing acreage to the TUrner Red, although the  Macintosh blocks remained paramount.  New, unnamed varieties are by no means rare where fruit is  grown. The reason is that apples are heterozygous, meaning each  and every seed from the same piece of fruit is genetically unique  and liable to grow up to have different characteristics from its siblings. To achieve uniformity of a desirable variety, rather than planting seeds, orchardists insert the buds or branches of suitable trees  into slits cut into other trees, making use of the host tree's rootstock.  Red Delicious first appeared as a chance seedling in Jesse  Hiatt's Iowa orchard around 1870 and was commercialized by C.  M. Stark of Minneapolis until it became a key component of the  apple industry on both sides of the Washington-B.C. border.  TUrner had previously noticed Stark Nurseries' advertisements for the King Red Delicious, along with another Delicious  called Richer Red and, weighing the merits of his own discovery,  believed it could compete favourably with the American rivals.  In 1936, it was decided to incorporate R. TUrner & Sons Ltd. to  reflect the increasing responsibility placed on Ronald and Edward.  Sandy, meanwhile, had left Salmon Arm to become a B. C. Land  Surveyor and found lasting employment with the City of Vancouver.  While still at home, the three sons were given year-round  duties in the family orchards, along with two hired men. Once  picking started, the employment roll swelled to over twenty. Many  local people depended on seasonal work in the orchards or in  packing houses, if only to earn a little pin money. "I'm going to  save up enough to buy a new stove, or a . . ." was how catch-up conversations generally went when the crew gathered on the first day.  "That was when you could get by on casual labour", Ron  TUrner told the author. "We pretty well had the same crew prun-  ohs 109 HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  ing, thinning and picking. The same bunch came back year after  year. During the war kids were let out of school early to pick and  they kept right at it until dark."  The "inside" hierarchy included Ike Daniels, head packer C.  M. (Pop) Kennedy, followed by Albert Laitinen after Kennedy died  unexpectedly while fishing on Shuswap Lake. When it came down  to actually placing fruit in boxes, Violet Miller, Lillian Rutherford,  and the peerless Lottie Reader were in a category of their own.  Archie Tanemura and Masajiro (Matt) Nakagawa are also remembered for their skill when TUrner apples were graded and packed  on the home property. Box-making was another facet of the industry that elicited bragging rights. As far as Salmon Arm was concerned, Walter Hodgkins had that speciality all to himself. In order  to spread the work around, box-makers were limited to 1,000 a shift  and according to Ron TUrner, Hodgkins usually reached his quota  before three o'clock. "That hatchet never left his hand!"  Like their farmer counterparts, orchardists had to be  resourceful and innovative to keep the wheels turning and costs  down. Ron TUrner said that when employee Alf Barr turned up sick  one morning and didn't have the strength to drag a spray hose, fellow worker Cull Robinson attached some two-by-fours to the chemical tank to accommodate two men on hay-filled gunny sacks, so  they could easily cover both sides in one pass. They kept improving the setup and word spread. "Someone told them at Summerland  [research station] to go up to Salmon Arm; some damn fool up there  is riding on his sprayer, not dragging the hoses."  Not surprising, the most profitable years for Robert TUrner &  Sons were during WWII. "No matter what fruit you had you could  sell it. We shipped cull apples all the way to Moscow, California, for  juice. Can you imagine that happening now?" Ron TUrner mused.  Some TUrner export apples never completed their journey to  Britain. The story reached Salmon Arm that a survivor whose  merchant ship was torpedoed in the Atlantic said to rescuers that  when he jumped over the side he found himself surrounded by a  flotilla of apple boxes bearing the TUrner label.  Compared with the orchard industry to the south, the  TUrners' operation was a somewhat modest one. In 1946, its best  season in terms of total pack, the Salmon Arm independent graded and shipped 56,000 boxes (66 carloads) of apples, representing  about thirteen percent of the local crop that year.  Robert TUrner died in February 1950, two months shy of his  82nd birthday. With luck, he was mercifully unaware that the  record-breaking cold weather the Interior was then experiencing  would presage the end of much of his life's work, as R. TUrner &  110 OHS HIS APPLES WERE DELICIOUS - ROBERT TURNER FATHERED SALMON ARM ORCHARD INDUSTRY  Sons Ltd. would process its last box of fruit two years later. Even  if the killing frosts hadn't been so devastating, it's doubtful Salmon  Arm could have sustained an apple-based fruit industry much  longer. Several factors support this claim, including the absence of  irrigation, less than optimum climatic conditions, inefficient  orchard units and demand for residential land by an expanding  population that had nothing to do with fruit production.  As growth spilled over the borders of the city, the TUrners  found themselves with some of the most coveted real estate in  Salmon Arm, and in the 1950's began giving in to commercial and  institutional development pressures.  Ed TUrner, meanwhile, continued to grow fruit on a much  smaller scale until 1969. After the decision was made to close the  packing house, he redirected much of his attention to civic politics coinciding with the resignation of Municipal Reeve W J.  Thompson. TUrner was elected to succeed Thompson by acclamation and held the office unopposed until July 1961, when  declining health mandated his retirement. As a young man, he  was injured in an orchard mishap, which led to an acute form of  arthritis. Another orchard accident around 1951 forced him to live  with acute discomfort for the rest of his life. He died December 9,  1971. Maude McGuire TUrner kept her own house up to the time  of her death on September 18, 1979, at age 98.  In 1954, Ron TUrner intuitively reached the conclusion fruitgrowing had seen better days in Salmon Arm and joined the  provincial highways department as a pre-construction survey  assistant. The job took him to many B. C. locations before he was  in a position to come home to retire. Now he spends as much time  as possible contentedly looking after the last vestige of the TUrner  orchards, surrounded by modern hustle and bustle that he stoically accepts as inevitable. "When the land was opened up it was  very rich. But the trees took advantage and as time went on the  soil became depleted; with clear cultivation we were just mining  it and not putting anything back. Yields went into a decline. Fruit  underpinned Salmon Arm for almost 50 years, but it eventually  had its day."  Postscript—Some Salmon Arm growers had, in fact, been dreaming up  irrigation schemes as far back as the 1920's, at the same time attempting to  capitalize on what they believed to be the superior qualities of northern fruit.  Implicit in the hollow boast, "Non-Irrigated Apples", Robert TUrner, together  with John Barr, installed a pump and wooden-stave water lines next to Little  (McGuire) Lake in hopes of increasing the yield on their adjoining orchard  blocks. The trial was abandoned after five years when it was found the system was not paying for itself.  OHS 111 STUDENT ESSAY CONTEST WINNER  This essay is the winner of the Okanagan Historical Society  Essay Contest  2004  Chinook Jargon in Local  Histories of the Okanagan  Country  by David D. Robertson  University of Victoria, B.C  What is Chinook Jargon?  Any locally-produced history of the Okanagan country, from  either side of the 49th parallel, is likely to include several mentions of the Chinook Jargon [CJ]. The Jargon was, as I hope to  show with quotes from the region's inhabitants, a crucial bridge  from the Native past to the modern Caucasian-majority society.  But we should backtrack for a moment: What was this Chinook  Jargon anyhow?  A unique 'contact language' of the Northwest1, Chinook  Jargon was a pidgin that arose (to the extent historians can determine) from the initial meetings between native and nonnative in  the Vancouver Island area, then the mouth of the Columbia River.  From there, CJ was spread by sailing ship and overland until it  was known by large numbers of people from northern California  to southeastern Alaska, even the Yukon. The circumstances in  which CJ was useful in turn shaped this language's development,  so that its usual function—communication with First Nations  people—led to the Jargon having a mostly Indian vocabulary and  grammar.  'Kloshe was good, cultus was bad. Saghalie meant above,  keekwillie meant below. A lovely word was illahee, which  meant country, land or earth. Saghalie illahee was heaven;  keekwillie illahee meant hell! Goodfellow 1958:20  David Robertson is taking his Master's degree in Linguistic Studies at the  University of Victoria. He is married with two young children, enjoys  cycling, gardening and reading. In the future, he hopes to teach at the  College or University level.  112  OHS CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  The first word mentioned above is from the Nuu-chah-nulth  or Nootkan language of Vancouver Island, while those that follow  originated in the old Chinookan languages near the Columbia  River. This proportion is roughly true for CJ's Indian vocabulary,  though there are also Kalapuyan, Salish, and Algonquian words in  the Jargon. Present also are numerous English and French  words—but contrary to some local lore (cf. Buckland 1966:15)  there are no Spanish, Russian, Hawaiian or Chinese words to be  found. Given the tremendous number of Chinese and Hawaiian  workers in BC and Washington from the 1800s onward, who were  said to use the Jargon as needed, the latter is a surprising observation. Further research may help determine the factors that  minimized these groups' linguistic imprint on the Northwest,  while e.g. French fur traders left a very distinct impression.  What is known is that Chinook Jargon was extremely useful  to people of all ethnic groups and social backgrounds, at least  before a majority of Northwesterners knew English—which was  probably after 1900.  CJ 'was so much more superior to the "sign" language ...  that it is a mystery why it did not spread to the Prairies.'  (Buckland 1966:16)  The Beginnings of CJ in the Okanagan Country  What is less certain is how Chinook Jargon came to the  Okanagan. We know, again contrary to popular belief, that it was  not the 'early operations of the Fur Trader' (Buckland 1966:15) or  an invention of the Hudsons Bay Company (Holliday 1948:153)  that was responsible. Recent research convincingly shows that CJ  is absent from fur-trade era documents, and wasn't a major factor  in Interior BC until the gold-rush period starting circa 1858  (Turkel 2003), but this still leaves two possible sources open. On  the one hand, Catholic missionaries of the Jesuit order, as well as  the Oblates of Mary Immaculate including the renowned Father  Pandosy (Bugslag 1981), established operations in Okanagan  country in the 1840s. Several of these missionaries are known to  have spoken the Jargon, especially Pandosy. An anecdote of  Giovanni Casorso's (Casorso 1983: 24) tells of an 1880s encounter  with some Indians while traveling with Pandosy; Casorso feared  they were hostile, but the Father spoke with the Native men in  Jargon and found they were not. Protestant proselytizers in the  region also knew C J, a shining proof being the fine dictionary of  J.B. Good (1880). But we have little indication that the Jargon was  a primary vehicle for religious contact with Natives, and indeed  all parties just mentioned preferred to use the tribal languages,  often despite great difficulty in learning them.  OHS 113 CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  The gold rush years really signaled the sudden beginning of  intensive cultural contact for the region. As Turkel (2003) notes,  this was the first time that White and Native populations actually  approached parity in numbers: Almost overnight there was a  pressing need for communication across language boundaries by  groups that had never before encountered one another—and had  not had time to learn each other's languages. Chinook Jargon  filled the void perfectly. It was easily accessible, in the form of  widely sold phrasebooks, to White newcomers, and had a simpler  structure with a much smaller vocabulary than either English or  the Native languages. With such a handy lingua franca to work  with, both groups' needs could be accommodated reasonably well.  This set the pattern for the period of continuing settlement of the  Okanagan, well into the 20th century.  How the People of the Okanagan Used  Chinook Jargon  The ever-increasing influx of White miners, then settlers,  meant a constant increase in opportunities for local Native people  to interact with the newcomers. Native people did not learn  English overnight, and in fact it would seem that it took a few generations before fluency in it was widespread among them. Local  histories time and again record attempts at communication like  the following.  'I no go...Long time I no see Mary...Mary, he's no good.'  Hayman 1988  '"Oh, bye 'n' bye... maybe next month when I catch 'urn good  deerskin.'" Holliday 1948:149  Similarly, the Okanagan language was felt to be too difficult  for White newcomers to learn (Holliday 1948:20). Chinook Jargon  was for both groups the perfect remedy for the lack of a common  language, and it was soon established as the local language to  know.2  'Our Indians were the Okanogans. All of them were friendly. Their soft jargon soon became a familiar addition to our  speech! Molson-Chesaw-Knob Hill Communities 1962.  CJ was used in myriad situations, for example in many kinds  of social contact as the following quotes show.  [Mrs Boucherie from the Penticton reserve, saying her goodbyes before dying:] '... she said to me "Mika" (all the same)  "Mika papoose" ("You are the same as my child.) I took off  my hat and said "Nowitka, Mrs. Boucherie." ("Yes.")'  Hayman 1988 [early 1900's]  114  OHS CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  '...I asked [one old Native lady] why she had to keep [her]  kitten fastened up. / "Oh," she answered with a chuckle,  "nika tum-tum nika tenas puss puss klatawa kopa bush;  coyote mamloos." (Oh, I think my little cat would go into the  bush, and a coyote kill him.) Holliday 1948:152  '"Spase mika potlatch He He ten-as tobacco. He He is kum  hyre suiake P. He He Kirntux Mika hy-as Kloshe Tillicum  Kapa He He," which in English would be: "If you give a little tobacco to He He she will have a good smoke, and know  you are a good friend to her.'" Gwydir 2001:56-57  Jargon proved just as useful for important matters, like medical emergencies:  [Dr. Paradise from New York, brought to an Indian reserve  to assist at a birth:]said, "Tell them to get out." / "Mis-eye-ka  Klatawa," I said. Four left. / "Tell her to lie down," the doctor ordered. / I told her "Mika Kickwillie copa yowa." / She  asked me, "Mica Mamock, Nika Schleep!" (Put me to sleep.)  I said, "Nowitka mica mamock." (Ill put you to sleep.)  Hayman 1988  And local historians recount numerous examples of C J being  used in business and work:  '"Mika mammook nika pitcher ['Take my picture,' said to a  photographer]'" Holliday 1948:349  'Within the hour a dozen men [ranch hands] marched in,  welcoming Rosa [Casorso]...Her reply was Kla-how-ya,  Chinook for "how do you do?" - the phrase her husband had  taught her just the night before...It was satisfying to see  each man...smack his lips and say, "Mahse", "thank you"!  Casorso 1983 47  Even the missionaries, who had previously preached in the  tribal language, now began conducting religious services in  Jargon alongside Okanagan Salish (Holliday 1948:158-160),  though at the mission school French is said to have been the language used (Buckland 1966:40). Father J.M.R. Le Jeune, OMI,  who was based in Kamloops, wrote Okanagan hymnals and  prayerbooks (like Le Jeune 1897, but the memory of the writer  who thought 'Father LeJeune prepared dictionaries of the various  Interior Salishan dialects' [Goodfellow 1958:20] is faulty). But he  also published a newspaper in Chinook that circulated among  Natives in the Okanagan and Cariboo. This was the Kamloops  Wawa ('Kamloops Speaks'), remembered somewhat inaccurately  but picturesquely by one writer:  OHS 115 CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  'Father Lejeune tried to translate the Lord's Prayer in  Chinook for his following. / There is no word for "heaven"  in Chinook, so he translated it "Our Father Who Is In The  Above"! Hayman 1988  Kamloops Wawa represented the first Native literacy in the  region, as First Nations people previously had no writing  (Goodfellow 1958:21) other than pictographs. Le Jeune's newspaper was written in a unique shorthand alphabet, on a mimeograph  machine:  'Finding difficulty in teaching Indians to read and write in  Roman characters, he decided that hieroglyphics would be  easier for them to grasp.   As a shorthand writer, he prepared  his  own  dictionary  of Chinook  characters  and  Indians in his school quickly caught on, becoming so efficient in reading that they [actually he] published a newspaper called The Kamloops Wawa - a Chinook word meaning  "to speak, talk, or echo.'" Casorso 1983:33  Proof that Native people were eager to acquire the skills of  writing and reading comes from the copies of Kamloops Wawa still  to be found in the possession of many families, as well as from the  existence of letters written in the shorthand by First Nations people. Some were even published in this newspaper, for example in  Kamloops Wawa 1892.   Other items of keen interest to the Native  audience included news items from southern Interior BC reserve  communities, and even a 64-page report of Le Jeune's journey to  Europe with two Native chiefs in 1904.  Another, later, use for Chinook that was characteristic of the  Okanagan was as a sort of local insider's lingo. After the first  years of settlement, it was a badge of honor to be a pioneer (or 'at  least an oldtimer,' as Logie 1967:7 wryly notes). A foolproof way  to claim that honor, once the frontier was just a memory, was to  show knowledge of the Jargon.3  At the banquets of the Similkameen Historical Association,  which continued annually for ten years until the outbreak  of the Second World War in September, 1939, Sam Gibson  always closed the proceedings with the Lord's Prayer in  Chinook, and the National Anthem! Goodfellow 1958:20A  This local linguistic pride is reflected also in the anecdote of  a serviceman from Similkameen stationed in Wales in World War  2.  This young man, called upon to speechify in Welsh at a social  gathering,   was  unable,  but  finally bowed  to  pressure   and  addressed his audience in Jargon.   The delighted response was,  "Ah...you talk South Welsh!"'  Goodfellow 1958:21  116  OHS CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  CJ'S MARK ON THE OKANAGAN5  Numerous regional placenames, such as Siwash ('Indian')  Point; Mowitch [later Deer] Creek; the Hee Hee ('laughing') Stone  still bear the imprint of Chinook Jargon. Perhaps less well  remembered are the long-gone personalities everyone knew by  colorful CJ names—Cultus ('no-good') Jim; Tenas (Tittle') George  Runnels; Tenas Martin; Tenas Catherine—and the evocative  Jargon names given even to boats, like the ferries Klatawa ('go')  and Skookum ('powerful'). These are to be found everywhere in  local histories, however, along with plenty of local English words  that actually came from the Jargon. Many of these words are fading from memory now, or have come to have insulting connotations that lead to their disuse. Any list of such borrowings from  Chinook into the region's English would need to include at least  two dozen terms; a short list follows, compiled from the various  works quoted above.  Boston man: American  camas: type of root  cayuse: type of pony  cheechako: newcomer, greenhorn  chickamin: metal, coin  Chinook wind: warm winter wind  cooley cuitan:  cultus:  hel-hel:  hias tyee:  hykwa:  iktas:  illahie:  keekwillie:  King George man:  kinnikinnik:  klahowya:  klootch/klootchman:  koop-koop:  olallie:  sapolill flour:  siwash:  siwashed:  skookum:  skookum house:  racing pony  no-good  type of gambling game  head chief  larger shell money  belongings, goods  land, country  underground, underground house  British, Canadian  type of plant for smoking  hello, goodbye  woman, Native woman  smaller shell money  berry  made from local roots  'Indian'  '86ed' from a bar  strong, excellent  jail  OHS 117 CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  At the present time [1950?], wherever Chinook is spoken,  "Hy-kwa" denotes the Silver Dollar, half dollar, twenty-five  cent piece or other large coin; while "Koop-koop" refers to  dimes, nickels and Coppers. Hard money is also referred to  as "Chick-a-min"...' Buckland 1966:16  Chinook Jargon has also contributed numerous words to the  local Okanagan Salish language (see Mattina 1987), in fact too  many to list here. It is remarkable that the Jargon should have  left an equally strong mark on the Native language and that of the  settlers. We should consider that fact a testament to the importance the 'fur trade' pidgin had in the daily lives of the entire  Okanagan, not so long ago. Any student of this region's history,  culture, language or any other subject will find traces of this lost  language at every turn, and I hope to have conveyed how crucial  Chinook was in the transition from an earlier era to our modern  lifeways.  Works Cited:  Buckland, EM.   1966.  Ogopogo's Vigil: The History of Kelowna and the  Okanagan.  Kelowna, BC: Kelowna Branch, Okanagan Historical Society.  Bugslag, James.  1981. The Oblate Mission of the Immaculate Conception  on Okanagan Lake. Victoria, BC: BC Heritage Conservation Branch.  Casorso, Victor.  1983. The Casorso Story.  Okanagan Falls, BC: Rima.  Good, J.B.  1880. A Vocabulary and Outlines of Grammar of the  Nitlakapamuk or Thompson Tbngue...  Victoria, BC:  s.n.  Goodfellow, John.  1958. The Story of Similkameen, Vol. 1.  Princeton, BC:  s.n.  Gwydir, Rickard D. 2001.  Recollections from the Colville Indian Agency,  1886-1889.  Spokane, WA: Arthur H. Clark.  Hayman, Len.  1988.  Captain Len's Ferry Tales of the Okanagan: The Early  Okanagan Seen Through the Eyes of a Ferryman, Captain L.A. Hayman.  Kelowna, BC: Bob Hayman.  Hilderbrand, Sandra and the Oroville Community.  1991. Treasure in the  Okinagan: Oroville Area History, Volume One.  Oroville, WA: Sandra  Hilderbrand.  Holliday, C.W.  1948. The Valley of Youth.  Caldwell, ID: Caxton.  Kamloops Wawa.  1892. Number 10 (February 8).  Le Jeune, J.M.R.  1897. Okanagan Manual.  Kamloops, BC:  s.n.  Logie, Ted.  1967. Ted Tells (Okanagan) Tales: True Stories from Our  Okanagan Pioneers.  Penticton, BC: Penticton Herald.  Mattina, Anthony.  1987.  Colville-Okanagan Dictionary. Missoula, MT:  University of Montana.  (University of Montana Occasional Publications  in Linguistics, number 5.)  Molson-Chesaw-Knob Hill Communities.  1962.  Okanogan Highland  Echoes,  s.l., WA.  118 OHS CHINOOK JARGON IN LOCAL HISTORIES OF THE OKANAGAN COUNTRY  Thomason, Sarah G. and Terrence Kaufman.  1988.  Language Contact,  Creolization, and Genetic Linguistics.  Berkeley: University of California.  Transactions of the...Annual Reunion of the Oregon Pioneer Association.  1876-.  s.L: E.M. Waite.  Turkel, William J.  2003.  Chinook Jargon Was Not a Fur Trade Language in  Interior British Columbia.  Ms., Massachusetts Institute of Technology.  1 A general term for pidgin, Creole, mixed and other such languages, perhaps most eloquently propounded by Thomason & Kaufman.  2 Cf. also Casorso 1983:48.  3 The same custom is repeatedly mentioned in accounts of Oregon old-  timers' reunions (Transactions 1876-).  4 Cf. also Holliday 1948:153.  5 To attribute every occurrence of the following CJ words in the local historical literature would add unduly to the length of my study. These  words can be easily found by the researcher in the works cited.  OHS 119 MOTHER NATURE LEAVES HER MARK  Okanagan Mountain Park Fire  - My Story  by Brian Brown  For British Columbia's southern interior, 2003 was the year of  fire.  For Kelowna and the South Okanagan, the memory of  the Okanagan Mountain Park Fire will be branded on people's minds forever.  The facts are known. A drought; a hot, dry summer; heavy  fuel accumulations; a lightning strike ignites a fire in Okanagan  Mountain Provincial Park in the early morning of August 16, 2003.  A month later, 25,925 hectares of forested landscape charred  (including the entire park), 30,000 residents evacuated, 238  homes destroyed, twelve historic trestles in ashes, and a community responding to a natural disaster of historic proportions.  Heavy helicopter dropping fire retardant on a Kettle Valley Railway trestle in an attempt to  save it. (Courtesy Ministry of Forests)  Brian Brown was born and raised in Kelowna. He acquired wildland fire suppression experience during his thirty-two years with the Forest Service. On  August 17, 2003, he was called back to duty on the Okanagan Mountain Park  Fire where, as support to the command team, he was a Fire Information  Officer and later coordinated private land rehabilitation.  120 ohs OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  Much has been photographed, written and said about this  "firestorm" of 2003. These stories and pictorials, as seen through  the eyes of many, not only help shape our understanding of the  circumstances and scope of this major event, but also form a  future window into recorded history.  Here is my story: a behind-the-scenes glimpse into some of  the events, and of people who tried to tame this monster.  On August 16, the day the fire started, my family was camping on Lake  Osoyoos, enjoying another hot  summer's weekend. I was  oblivious to the  events that were  beginning to  unfold up the  Valley. A number of lightning  fires had been  ignited, with  two fires giving  crews a difficult  time. One was  the Okanagan  Mountain Park  Fire; the other  was a fire south  of the Chute  Lake Resort.  The next day, forestry officials continued to acquire  resources and build fire suppression infrastructure. The  Okanagan Mountain Park Fire was now well beyond initial attack,  and fire staff was now dealing with a project fire. 95% of wildland  fires in British Columbia are contained at the initial attack phase,  in other words, when they are caught small. Some aren't. Some  just simply can't be. Conditions are such that no matter how fast  or effective the response is, the weather (primarily wind) will control the situation.  Mother Nature ultimately prevails.  At about 10:00 a.m. Sunday morning my cell phone rang. It  was Denis Gaudry, Fire Center Manager in Kamloops. He asked  if I could help with a fire in Okanagan Mountain Park. They needed someone to be a Fire Information Officer, providing updates  and briefing to the media.   Within minutes we were packing up  Burning Kettle Valley Railway trestle. (Courtesy Ministry of Forests)  OHS 121 OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE -MY STORY  our gear. I had been involved with a number of fire events,  including the Garnet Fire of 1994, but nothing could have prepared me for this assignment.  It is hard for people to imagine (or for me even to describe)  the complexity and magnitude of rapidly building an organization  and administrative structure from scratch to one hundred or more  people in less than forty-eight hours. All this occurs in an emergency setting. People and equipment come from all over the  Province. In addition to on-the-ground fire crews and equipment  and command staff (those that oversee the fire), specialists are  needed for logistics, finance, radio communications, first aid,  mapping, information, aircraft coordination, etc. Crews have to  be housed and fed. Radio repeaters are established on nearby  mountains. Staging areas are set up for helicopters and heavy  equipment. An office is established to house twenty or so support  staff requiring phone lines, office equipment and the like. Just  the coordination and communications amongst agencies is an  immense undertaking. And as the fire grows, so does the organization and support infrastructure.  How this all comes together in such a short time still continues to amaze me. The Okanagan Mountain Park Fire certainly  must have tested the Ministry, especially given all of the other  fires going on around the Province at the same time.  Burning Kettle Valley Railway trestle. (Courtesy Ministry of Forests)  122 ohs OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  I was assigned to the Okanagan Mountain Park Fire from  August 16 through to November 5. During my two and one-half  months I worked closely with the Ministry of Forests' command  team and members of the Emergency Operations Centre in both  Kelowna and Penticton. My primary role was to provide timely  and accurate information to the media and to do this I had to get  information directly from those with decision-making authority.  This put me in close contact with key members of the fire organization.  If I were to summarize my impressions of the overall organization and its people, I would have to simply say - incredible!  I don't like, or use, the term hero. I would characterize the  Ministry of Forests, emergency services and volunteer staff that I  came into contact with to be highly competent and dedicated -  without exception. From what I observed, they operated to the  best of their ability and in the best interests of local citizens. In  fact, both individuals and groups did an outstanding job under the  most challenging conditions.  Here is some of what I experienced and observed. Brace yourself though; I only observed true professionalism and absolute dedication to the job at hand. If you want a critique of people or the organizations they work in, you will have to refer to other perspectives.  Upon arrival at the Ministry's Penticton office I was greeted  by Fire Zone Manager, Jim Mottishaw. The office, comprising a  composite of trailers, was understandably busy, phones ringing,  staff in and out, etc. Bernice Phillips seemed to have the office  workings under control as she simultaneously responded to radio  traffic, telephone calls and client enquiries, as well as finding time  to help a colleague with the photocopy machine. Al Dean's desk  was piled high with paper and his office plugged with equipment.  I could tell he didn't sit at his desk much, as he was expediting  tools and equipment for all of the fires in the zone. What an  undertaking! It all appeared chaotic - but it clearly wasn't. These  folks had been dealing with small and large fires all summer long  and they were into a rhythm.  I worked with Jim Mottishaw a number of years ago and had  always viewed him as a competent fire specialist. He was now the  Incident Commander for the Okanagan Mountain Park Fire and  he had to quickly bring me up to speed as to his actions and strategies to prepare me for my new role of communicating to the  media, and ultimately to the public. Over the days ahead, I would  come to see this highly skilled individual as a remarkable and professional wildland fire fighter, second to none.  Soon we were in a Canadian Helicopter Bell 206, off to fly  ohs 123 OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  over the fire, with intentions to  fly to Kelowna to brief the  Kelowna Emergency Operations  Centre (EOC). The EOC is  made up of emergency services representatives along  with other organizations  impacted by, or having an  interest in the fire. They cooperate and share information  and strategies to ensure their  individual efforts are coordinated and effective.  I have seen many large  fires, and at first glance this  fire for the most part appeared  typical. There was a heavy  plume of smoke, lots of flame  and   candling   trees.      What  Eric Stoof of Eclipse Helicopters Ltd. -, ,-. -, ,-,  (Penticton) pilots his A. Star helicopter along      Stmck me thoU¬ßh WaS the ter"  the slopes above Glen Fir, dropping flames to    rain it was burning in.   There  ignite dry fuels between the main fire parame- were   Canyons,   cliffs  and rock  ter and a control line established just north of outcropS and the fire was bum-  the homes. This was a planned burn-off that -,                              -,               .  successfully stopped the fire from spreading m¬ß veiT hot " everywhere.   As  towards Naramata. The apparatus below the I looked at the  Crews below,   I  helicopter is called a drip torch. (Courtesy Leo just Couldn't imagine how they  Gllhch) were going to get a handle on  this inferno. It was a dangerous fire in a very dangerous setting.  The ministry speaks of "safety over mission," and who can argue  with that - these hard working men and women are our sons and  daughters.  At the end of the day we want them home safe.  My conversations with Jim were broken as his focus was  clearly on the fire below. His manner was intense, continually on  the 2-way radio speaking to his operations staff. Two of these staff  members were Murray Henry and Leo Gillich. Each had a key  sector of the fire, and was responsible for deploying crews and  equipment. Listening in, I could quickly tell they were fighting a  difficult battle. With this combination of fire, dry fuels and terrain, you need rain, and there was none in the forecast.  Both Leo Gillich and Murray Henry were local ministry officials, each an experienced wildland fire specialist. As the fire  expanded towards Kelowna and then to Naramata, Leo and  Murray would continue with key operational roles on the fire.  Days later, Leo Gillich would be credited with leading a risky  124 ohs OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  More photos of  burning Kettle  Valley Railway  trestle. (Courtesy  Ministry of Forests)  burn-off operation  in the Glen Fir  area that many  feel stopped the  fire from spreading  towards Naramata.  He emphasizes  that it was a team  effort relying on  skilled people like  Bruce Jones of  Gorman Bros. Ltd  and local residents,  including Tom  Chapman and Dan  Donohoe. Burn-off seems like a simple concept, but the actual  operation is complex and very risky, entailing an expedited risk  assessment (pros and cons) and planning (where to place the control line), immediate preparation (constructing the line and organizing resources), perfect timing as to when to burn, and the gut  courage to make the decision to go. Gillich's team came through.  The burn-off, or back-burn as it is also called, was a massive  undertaking involving the construction of kilometers of bulldozer  guard in a short period of time and the ignition of hundreds of  hectares of forest fuel, in some cases within a couple of hundred  meters of homes. The wind and timing had to be just right for the  ignited fire to burn back from the guard towards the main fire.   It  ohs 125 OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  After light-up, the "back-fire" now burns towards the main fire, effectively removing the fuel  and stopping the fire's southerly spread. You can see some of the residences of Glen Fir on  the left part of the photo. These homes were saved by the burnoff. (Courtesy Leo Gillich)  worked. The back-burn consumed fuels in the path of the main fire,  stopping its progress towards Glen Fir, Indian Rock and Naramata.  Adding to the complexity (in this same time frame), a huge  battle was being undertaken to save the Chute Lake Resort and  numerous cabins west and south of the lake. The three to four  day assault involved ground crews (Ministry and Fire  Departments), heavy equipment (dozers, skidders, excavators,  water trucks), heavy helicopters and fixed wing air tankers.  If I hadn't seen it with my own eyes (weeks later) I wouldn't have believed that so many structures could have been saved.  Trees and brush surrounded each building and the fire came within meters. When I talked to residents during my role in private  land rehabilitation, many were both amazed and grateful. I  remember one owner expressing his gratitude that fire staff spent  so much time and effort protecting his cabin along Chute Creek.  While old and small, his cabin has been in the family for two gen-  126 ohs OKANAGAN mountain park FIRE - MY STORY  Both helicopter light-up and on-the-ground "hand" light-up were used around Paradise  Ranch (North of Naramata). If a planned burn-off had not been conducted, the fire would  have advanced through this area, consuming dry fuels in an uncontrolled and destructive  manner. (Courtesy Leo Gillich)  erations and decades of memories were now preserved.  Most of the media attention logically focused on the northern sectors of the fire where regretfully Mother Nature took her  toll. During many discussions I had with Ministry and  Emergency Services personnel, I could sense the disappointment  during those days when so many people lost their homes.  Disappointment, I suppose, was that this fire was in fact controlling them.  During those dramatic days when the fire attacked Kelowna,  Murray Henry had the unenviable task of fending off this wall of  flame. He was a Branch Director, a term used to describe the  Ministry official having responsibility for a section of the fire line.  Most people think of fighting fire in a simplistic way. "Bring  in the Martin Mars water bomber, lots of fire fighters and dozers,  and just put it out," thinking that more people, equipment and  effort will guarantee success - it doesn't.   Even in stable condi-  ohs 127 OKANAGAN MOUNTAIN PARK FIRE - MY STORY  tions and good terrain the job is difficult. When there is a moving  front of fire, in difficult terrain, the job is impossible. The perimeter of a large, moving fire is like a serpent with many heads; each  with the potential to flare and strike at any time.  Murray Henry and his crew had this huge serpent continuously breathing down their necks. During evening command  team meetings I heard of their valiant attempts to establish control lines, having to pull back many times due to volatile fire conditions. Officials contend that their persistent efforts did in fact  save many homes.  Many such battles occurred along the 234 kilometers of fire  perimeter with many stories yet to be told.  What an honour it was to work so closely with such hard  working and professional people. In such dangerous conditions,  it was truly amazing that no one was seriously injured. I can only  assume these folks had their priorities right.  The next day: The burnoff was a complete success. This picture taken from across Okanagan  Lake shows the same burn area the very next day. While there is a great deal of hard work on  the ground cooling down hot spots along the constructed control lines, the fire's southerly  spread has been effectively stopped. (Courtesy Leo Gillich)  128 ohs And Before The Fire-  Pippy's Beach  by Michael Painter  The Okanagan Mountain fire of 2003 encompassed nearly all  of the area where I hiked and hunted and fished while I was  growing up during the Depression and World War II. I  watched the televised news of the fire from my home in White  Rock, and each report brought back memories of times spent in  the places that were now being turned to ash.  The report of the narrow escape of firefighters as the blaze  swept over Bertram Creek triggered a flood of recollections. I  realized that probably not many people today would know how  Bertram Creek got its name, and that there are probably fewer still  who would know that a nearby beach was called Pippy's, even  though both have a connection to Charles Mair, an important  Canadian historical figure. This article, then, is to tell a bit about  the Bertram Creek area and to elaborate on a brief reference that  I made to Pippy's Beach in a piece I wrote for the 64th Report of  the Okanagan Historical Society.  My own memories of Bertram Creek go back about seventy-  five years. My parents and I lived on Sherborne Ranch, where Dad  worked for Brook Haverfield. Brook's fruit ranch was on forty  acres east of Chute Lake Road, which in those days ran due north  down the hill to join Lakeshore Road. This straight stretch of road,  with the entrance to Sherborne Ranch about two thirds of the way  up it, was known locally as Haverfield's Hill, a name which never  made it onto maps. Today, Chute Lake Road leaves Lakeshore  Road further east. It angles across what used to be the lower part  of Sherborne Ranch in order to ease the former ten percent grade,  eliminating Haverfield's Hill in the process. The name is probably remembered now only by a dwindling number of people like  myself who bobsledded down the hill in winter or pushed a bike  up it on a hot summer day.  In the 1930's, on many summer Sundays, my parents and I  would walk down Haverfield's Hill and then down a path to the  Born in Kelowna in 1928, Michael Painter grew up in Okanagan Mission. A  Professional Forester and Engineer, his work took him to the Coast. Now  retired and living in White Rock, he still takes an active interest in the history of the Okanagan.  ohs 129 AND BEFORE THE FIRE - PIPPY'S BEACH  Crichtons, who lived at the bottom of what is now Crichton Road.  The Crichtons kindly let us keep our twelve foot clinker-built boat  on their beach. We'd load the boat with lunch and fishing gear, and  propelled by our little one and one-half horsepower Evinrude,  would head eight miles down the lake to visit J.C. Clarence at Horse  Creek. Then Dad and I would flyfish off the rocky shore while my  mother would turn over beach pebbles looking for arrowheads and  agates. Half way down to Horse Creek, we would pass the bay into  which Bertram Creek flows, and which is shown in the century old  postcard that is reproduced here. We called this the start of the rocks  - the point at which the lakeshore west of Okanagan Mission  became mostly bedrock with small beaches in between, and the  point at which fishing started to become promising.  When the war came, Mr. Clarence moved to a cabin beside  Bertram Creek. The Goldsmiths owned the house west of Bertram  Creek (a bit of it can be seen just to the left of the point in the middle distance in the accompanying postcard), and the property just  east of Bertram Creek, including the cabin Mr. Clarence occupied.  I think the reason Mr. Clarence moved here was that he was getting on, and Molly Goldsmith was alone until her husband, Bosun,  returned from the war. This arrangement gave each of them  someone within a few hundred feet to call on if they needed help.  During the war, I used to bike down to visit Mr. Clarence whenever schoolwork and farm chores allowed. He taught me to shoot  (he had been a tester for Dominion ammunition and was a crack  shot) and shared his vast store of woods lore with me. I roamed  the hills around Bertram Creek with his superbly trained spaniels,  hunting grouse in season, and fished for hours off the point in  front of Goldsmith's house.  One weekend during the 1943 deer hunting season, early  pioneer Leon Gillard spent the night at Mr. Clarence's cabin so as  to get an early start on hunting the hills behind. To my delight, I  was invited to go along and overnighted in the cabin with them.  Next morning we breakfasted in the dark and went out into a sleet  storm at first light. As Leon and I climbed up the Bertram Creek  draw, the snow got drier and started to squeak as my feet compressed it. Leon kindly showed me how to slide my feet into it at  an angle and thus travel nearly silently. We didn't see any deer,  but it was an exciting day for me. I've since thought how it illustrates the shortness of the history of non-natives in the Okanagan.  Although Stuart was the first non-native to arrive in 1811, little  happened except the passing through of fur brigades until Father  Pandosy became the first settler in 1859. Only about three dozen  families had arrived before Leon Gillard came to the Okanagan in  1882 (when his uncle, August, was still running horses on what is  130 ohs AND BEFORE THE FIRE - PIPPY'S BEACH  now downtown Kelowna). Thus, when Leon died in 1965, he had  really seen the vast majority of all the changes that non-natives  had wrought in the Okanagan up until that time, and I, with a thirty-seven year overlap with Leon, have seen the changes up until  the present. There must be many other cases where two lives  similarly span nearly all the non-native history of the Okanagan.  Getting back to the naming of Bertram Creek, it was called  after Bertram E. Crichton. Bert Crichton came to the Okanagan  in 1892. He was from a prominent British family and his uncle  was the Scottish scholar and adventurer, "The Admirable"  Crichton. Bert married Maude Mair, the eldest daughter of  Charles Mair, of whom I will write more in a moment. The  Crichtons owned all the property on the bay into which the creek  flows (just about everything shown on the postcard). In 1904,  Bert built the house by the point in the postcard (later owned by  the Goldsmiths). He sold a year later and built "Sylvan Heights"  on the bench west of Cedar Creek. Later he sold again and moved  to a smaller house at the foot of Crichton Road. There are more  details on Bert Crichton in Primrose Upton's "The History of  Okanagan Mission" in the 30th Report of the Okanagan Historical  Society. Bert died on September 25, 1963 (obituary in the 27th  Report of the OHS). and my father was one of his pallbearers.  Bert's father-in-law, Charles Mair, was a Canadian poet, with  "Tecumseh" being one of his major works. He was also co-founder  of the Canada First Party, which was pushing for the incorpora-  Near Pippy's Beach. Postcard published by G.H.E. Hudson, c. 1907. (Courtesy the author)  OHS 131 AND BEFORE THE FIRE - PIPPY'S BEACH  tion of what is now Manitoba, into Canada. This put him on a col-  lison course with Louis Riel and the Metis, and he was impri-  sioned by Riel and threatened with execution, but made a dramatic escape. A biography, "Charles Mair Literary Nationalist" by  Professor Norman Shrive, was published in 1965 by the University  of Toronto Press.  Charles Mair moved from eastern Canada to Kelowna in  1892 and put up one of the first five stores on Bernard Avenue in  Kelowna. An article on his Okanagan sojourn by Art Gray was  published in the 34th Report of the OHS. He later returned to the  east and eventually came back and died in Victoria in 1927. It was  his stay in the Okanagan that gave a small strand of pebbles the  unofficial name of Pippy's Beach.  The beach is at the east end of the bay into which Bertram  Creek flows. In the postcard it is just over the edge of the road  behind the standing woman's head. The postcard photo was probably taken soon after the road was built in 1907. Lakeshore Road  today is in much the same location, although widened and paved.  The beach is easily identified from the lake because it is just west  of the first place south of Kelowna where bedrock forms the shoreline. The shore south from Kelowna to Okanagan Mission and  west to beyond Cedar Creek is either sand, pebbles or small rocks.  At the end of the clay cliffs west of Cedar Creek the first bedrock  outcropping forms the shore, just where the road descends to the  Bertram Creek area.  The little beach beyond this bedrock was where the  Crichtons liked to picnic and apparently it was a favourite of  Charles Mair too. The Mair girls' pet name for their father was  Pippy, and so the beach became known to the Mairs and  Crichtons and their friends as Pippy's Beach. It was never recorded as such on a map, but seventy-five years ago there were dozens  of people who knew it by that name. They had picnics there with  the Crichtons - quite an expedition, with the Crichton's boat being  loaded with deck chairs, cushions, parasols, hampers of cucumber  and tomato sandwiches, and Mrs. Crichton's scones, and tea in  thermoses - I still think of it as Pippy's Beach. Although the  Okanagan Mountain fire has changed much of the area, Bertram  Creek and Pippy's Beach are still there, with their little known  connection to the Riel Rebellion.  132 ohs Armstrong Spallumcheen's Public Health Nurse—  Lydia Doris Boss (nee Penner)  1912 - 2003  by her son, Roy Boss  Lydia Boss was born Lydia Doris Penner on October 15,1912  in Neuschoensee, near the Black Sea in Russia. When she  was just nine years old, her father was told by the military  that if he wished to keep his home and property that he would  have to denounce his Christian faith. He refused to do this, and  so the family had no choice but to abandon all that they had  worked so hard for, and fearing for their lives, were forced to leave  the country, hiding in cornfields and travelling in freight boxcars  with other emigrants. In 1923 they re-established their lives in  Herbert, Saskatchewan.  Following her parents' wishes, Lydia trained as a teacher,  and taught for two years for little and sometimes no pay in  Saskatchewan. Deciding that this was not what she wanted to do,  she entered nurses training at Winnipeg General Hospital.  Following graduation she nursed in Manitoba, then Chilliwack.  She continued her studies at the University of British Columbia  where she trained as a public health nurse.  Lydia arrived in Armstrong, B.C. in 1947 as one of the area's  first public health nurses. She served schools and the community in a large area that included Falkland and Fintry as well as  greater Armstrong. It was here at one of the regular old-time  dances that she met Rawleigh Boss, a local dairy farmer and member of a pioneer family. They were married in 1950 and later had  two sons, Roy who is a school principal in Coquitlam and Gary,  who still lives in Armstrong. Gary was born with Downs  Syndrome, and as he got older, Lydia realized the need for proper  education facilities for children with such disabilities. Through  the support of the local Kinsmen, she and Rawleigh were among  the founders and developers of Kindale School, which drew  clients from other neighbouring communities as well. They were  very active in this organization, taking a keen interest over the  years in supporting handicapped people in any way they could.  Over the years the facility grew and evolved into Kindale Centre,  Roy Boss is Lydia's elder son. He is the Principal of Mundy Road Elementary  School in Coquitlam, and currently lives in Port Coquitlam with his wife and  three teenaged children.  ohs 133 TRIBUTES  which now services approximately one hundred adults with  disabilities, and is a well-known  and popular fixture in the  community of Armstrong  Spallumcheen. In honour of  her hard work and dedication  with the Kindale association, a  proposed future complex is to  be named the Lydia Boss  Centre.  Lydia was also an accomplished artist who particularly  enjoyed producing landscapes,  working primarily with oils and  watercolours. Her paintings can  be found in many local homes,  and one of her works is hanging  Lydia Boss (nee Penner). (Courtesy Rawleigh      hi   the   B.C.   Registered   Nurses'  Boss) Association     Building     in  Vancouver. While she gave  away numerous paintings as gifts, she never accepted money for  any of them. She continued to be an active member and supporter of the local Art Club well into her eighties and she was  once recognized as their Painter of the Month. In addition to her  love of art and a thirty-five year career as a public health nurse,  she was active in the Ladies Auxiliary of the Shrine Club, the  United Church Women, and was a supporter of a wide variety of  other community events and organizations. Lydia was a devoted  mother who always found time to be involved in her sons' many  endeavours. She cherished the precious time that she was able to  spend with her daughter-in-law Donna and her grandchildren  Shanna, Traci and Andrew.  With Lydia's passing on December 26, 2003 the community  of Armstrong Spallumcheen lost one of its most vital and well-  respected citizens.  134 ohs TRIBUTES  A Brief History of M. Arnold Churchill  1920 - 2003  by his daughter Ann Churchill Thomson  -Fort St. John, B. C.  (Submitted by Mary Ellison Bailey)  Arnold was born April 8, 1920 in Vernon, B.C., and passed  away April 21, 2003 in Fort St. John, B.C. He was the middle child in a family of three children, with an older sister  Dorothy and younger brother Jack.  Both of Arnold's parents were Nova Scotia born and raised,  coming from a generation of Canadian sailors. His father was a  civil engineer who built railroads and came out west circa 1908.  His father returned to Nova Scotia in 1913 to marry his high  school sweetheart and bring her back west. In 1914, he went overseas to serve in the First World War.  The family settled on a small farm in the Okanagan, but followed their father on his jobs, so Arnold's schooling took place in  Oyama and Kamloops, B. C. and Edson and Calgary, Alberta. The  family always returned to the farm in Oyama for the summers,  where Arnold learned about gardening, orchard work, cattle and  his beloved horses. Always an outdoor boy, it was in Edson that  he forged a deep love for the woodsman's craft and trapping, emulating his idol, Grey Owl. The seeds of nature conservation were  planted in the Okanagan, germinated in Alberta and came to full  flower in the wilds of Northern B.C. He took part in the Kelowna  Regattas and was an excellent swimmer and diver. One summer,  when he was fourteen, he took his horse up to Cougar Canyon and  camped. There he killed and ate a rattlesnake that measured 6' 2"  with the head cut off, when the Boone and Crockett record was for  a much smaller snake.  In 1939 Arnold joined the Canadian Air Force and trained to  be a pilot. He was loaned to the RAF and became the sergeant-  pilot of a Wellington bomber crew. He had many amazing stories  about those years and in the midst of the horror could always find  a bit of humor. 1943 saw him change careers and go from pilot in  Europe, to stoker for the Canadian Navy in the South Pacific. He  served aboard the destroyer, the HMCS Uganda for the remainder  of the war.  As written by his daughter for the staff of a care home so they would treat  him as a person instead of just another body.  ohs 135 TRIBUTES  Upon discharge in 1945, he returned to the farm in Oyama  and spent his veteran's earnings on fruit trees. He planted an  orchard of mainly cherries, with apricots, plums, pears and peaches. He also added electricity to the old house and oversaw an  addition of a bathroom and a new kitchen.  On August 17, 1947, Arnold married Joan Burris. They met  in Kamloops when he was in grade 4 and Joan was in grade 3 and  were sweet on each other then. Arnold's family moved away from  Kamloops that year and they didn't see each other again until  1947!  It was meant to be!  Arnold and Joan started married life in Oyama, but in 1949  the lure of the north called them to Peace River. Arnold worked  in the oil patch, starting with roughneeking and working his way  up. He became a "fisherman", fishing tools out of the hole for  Eastman and the family moved around a lot. Two children were  born, Ann in 1952 and John in 1953, both in Regina. After Ann  finished kindergarten in Dawson Creek they thought they would  move back to Kamloops where Arnold drove a school bus and city  bus for a year and a half. Yet, life in the city was much too civilized for him and so it was back to the north, this time to settle in  Charlie Lake and work for the Department of Mines.  Their home in Charlie Lake always had many kids in and  out. There was always something interesting happening there,  and no kid would be ignored if they had a question or a problem.  Rig inspections took him all over the north, and he had  many a tale to tell of the experiences he had while traveling those  old rig roads. A number of times, his vast knowledge of the bush  saved him and many others he found along the way. Arnold  received an award for over a million safe miles on rig roads. His  travels brought him in contact with native people and he was genuinely interested in their way of life, swapping many a story over  a tea pail bubbling on the side of the road.  His love of horses and the wilderness, led him to retire from  the "Mines" in 1965 when he purchased a big game territory at  Muncho Lake and begin a new life of shepherding foreign hunters  through the mountains. The animals in Arnold's territory were  pretty safe, as he believed in harvesting only those that the country could not maintain. At the same time, he bought land at Mile  64 on the Alaska Highway and that is still the cherished homestead.  For six months of the year Arnold would be in the mountains while the family stayed on the ranch. John eventually left  school to join him on the hunts and take correspondence. Joan  who studied music at Western University, in the meantime had a  thriving group of budding piano students in Fort St. John who  136 ohs TRIBUTES  kept her busy.  Arnold not only worked guiding but also had a trap line at  Muncho, and rode second in the ambulance along the highway.  He was a member of the St. John Ambulance and was pretty good  at throwing a diamond half-hitch on anything. When he was  home his driving skills would come in handy to take Ann's sports  teams and cheerleaders to and from tournaments. Sadly in 1974  he lost his only son John, at the age of twenty.  Arnold scheduled  his hunts in August of  1975 so he could be home  for his daughter's wedding. In 1978, much to  their great joy, they saw  the arrival of their first  grandson, Steven and  then in Feb. of 1982  another grandson David.  In 1982 he sold his area  and he and Joan "retired  to the old place in  Oyama. Arnold dove  right back into the life of  an orchardist, rising at  5:30 every morning to  change sprinklers (once  every twelve hours).  Besides working an  orchard he still had time  for the old people in the  community, driving them  here and there and doing  little kindnesses all over. A charter member of the Oyama  Branch of the Legion, he maintained his membership there all  through the years. He also entertained his grandsons every  summer. Steven and David were joined by twin brothers Max  and Marc in 1985.  The grandsons living in the north were just too much to be  apart from, so back to the north the Churchills moved in 1992  right onto the old farm at "64". He supported his grandsons enthusiastically whether it was soccer, Tae Kwon Doh, speed skating,  piano and violin, swimming or basketball. He attended numerous  games, recitals and tournaments but the focus wasn't all on his  cherished grandsons. Arnold sat on the LRMP and his input and  extensive knowledge of the north was very valuable. Arnold con-  Arnold M. Churchill, 1920-2003. (Courtesy Frank  Stevens)  ohs 137 TRIBUTES  tinued to have his horses and sled dogs until 2002 when his last  old horse was put out to pasture.  He had been on oxygen for nearly four years and although  losing his sight due to macular degeneration, he still maintained  his sense of humour and interest in life.  He was thin but tough!  Arnold was raised in the Anglican church, raised his children Anglican but maintained a deep conviction that we are all  God's creatures and each must worship as they feel best. Always  he felt closest to God in the great outdoors or "God's cathedral".  He greatly admired Pastor Al Stebing and considered himself one  of Al's Charlie Lake flock.  They were kindred spirits.  Everyone enjoyed Arnold. He was a very interesting and  intelligent man, full of fascinating stories, of interest to all age  groups.  His great desire was always to help his fellow man.  138 ohs TRIBUTES  Kenneth Bertram Day  July 13, 1938 - April 26, 2004  by his son, Steven Day  The Kelowna farm community was stunned and saddened by  the death on April 26, 2004 of life-long orchardist Ken Day.  Born in Kelowna on July 13, 1938, Kenneth Bertram Day  was the fourth son of George Day, who was also born in Kelowna,  in 1899, and Kathleen Day (nee McCarthy), who was born in  Winfield in 1907.  He was raised, along with brothers Art, Ernie, Max and  Colin, and sister Kathleen, on the Rutland orchard owned by their  parents. At a young age, as he worked with his family, a strong  work ethic and a love for farming was instilled into Ken. He  attended school in Rutland, and at the age of seventeen purchased  ninety acres of raw land in South Kelowna from his father.  He proceeded to clear the land, and over the next decade  planted orchards on this property. During this time Ken grew and  sold orchard nursery stock with his father, George, and was thus able  to use some of these trees to plant his own land. While waiting for  his orchard to come into production, he sold gravel from one portion of the farm. Ken also worked on the family orchard back in  Rutland, and in gravel pits owned by Jack Serwa and Jack Bedford.  In 1962 Ken married Ann Holzman, daughter of Oyama  orchardists John and Anna Holzman. The young couple moved  from Rutland to their new home in South Kelowna in 1966. Ken  and Ann raised three children, Laura, Steven and Michael, on  their orchard where Ken lived the remainder of his life. All three  children still live in Kelowna, and work in the day-to-day operation of the family farm. In 1979, Ken purchased the Byrns Road  pear orchard that his father and mother had retired to, and further  expanded the Byrns Road operation in 1986 by purchasing another orchard from his long-time friend, Bill Cameron. At the same  time, he acquired a portion of the old Wilkinson farm. In 2000, a  portion of the Munson family farm was added to Ken's holdings,  and planted to pear trees.     The  Day family farm had now  Steven was born and raised in the South Kelowna area. For the past eighteen  years, he has worked with his father on their land, having the same love for  farming, and the same strong work ethic, that has been passed down through  the past two generations. Steven is married to Dawna, and they have three  children.  ohs 139 TRIBUTES  Ken Day on his sundeck at his South Kelowna  home. (Courtesy the Day family)  grown to 150 acres of apples  and pears, making Ken one  of the largest pear growers  in the valley.  Ken Day knew  Kelowna in a different and  much slower era. As a boy,  getting across the lake  involved a ferry or boat ride.  There were no traffic lights,  and wildlife was everywhere  and abundant. He saw  many changes in Kelowna  and the valley, and was  always a strong advocate for  the farm community. He  recognized the value, both  economically and socially,  of a sustainable agricultural  industry, and campaigned  that cause at every opportunity. His chosen occupation was something of which he was very  proud. Ken recognized very early in his career the priceless value  of water in the Okanagan Valley. For twenty-seven years he was  on the board of the South East Kelowna Irrigation District, many  of those years as chairman. He was very involved in the expansion and upgrades to the district, and pushed hard to have irrigation meters installed in the early 1990's. Ken spent time on packinghouse boards, was an active member of the Capri Rotary Club,  and a founding member of the Central Okanagan Foundation.  Ken Day lived his life in the Kelowna area as a well-liked and  respected businessman, but his life was always centered around  Ann, his wife of forty-two years, their children, and their eight  grandchildren. He loved growing fruit, and also many outdoor  activities, including skiing and snowmobiling. In recent years he  enjoyed travelling, but always looked forward to coming home to  the valley he loved.  Ken was predeceased by his parents and one brother, Max.  He was laid to rest beside his parents, and within sight of his  grandparents, in the Kelowna Memorial Cemetery. Ken will  always be remembered for the kindness and generosity he  showed to everyone. The gift of his time was always given to anyone he met, and that made him a very special and unforgettable  man.  He will be missed.  140 ohs TRIBUTES  Edith Roberta (Topsy) Gee/Philip  1913 - 2003  by son Tbm Gee  ^opsy was born February 18, 1913 in a tent hospital in  Penticton, B.C. (or so she said), and died October 31, 2003 at  JL McKinney Place Extended Care unit in the Oliver Hospital.  Her parents were Walter George Abel, an apprentice baker late of  Lancastershire, England, and Annie Rae (nee Close), a young  Irish colleen from eastern Canada. As a young child, Annie Rae  was inadvertently indentured to the stationmaster in Pilot Mound,  Manitoba, but by fifteen or sixteen, she had met and married Abel  and started a family in Penticton. How they came to that spot in  geography and time is a mystery today.  With their son, Bill, and baby  Topsy, the family moved to Strasbourg,  Sask. and set up or purchased a bakery  business. Subsequently, a second  daughter, Bernice, and three more sons,  Walter, Lloyd and Alan, were born.  About the time Topsy finished high  school, the family moved down the line  to a bakery in Cupar, Sask. Some of  Topsy's fondest reminiscences were of  working in the bakery with her dad. In  Cupar, Topsy met and married Maurice  (Mike) Gee, who had no sooner started ^^^Srt^^^SyT  farming his parent's farm than WW II  broke out and the young couple moved  with their new son, Tommy, to an Ontario airbase where Mike,  now a corporal in the RCAF, worked as an aero-engines mechanic. After the war, Topsy and Mike moved to Osoyoos where her  parents had retired and her brother Bill owned an orchard. Mike  found employment working as a mechanic in Emory Motors.  Subsequently, number two son, David, was born. Topsy became  President of the Legion Ladies Auxiliary, Girl Guide Captain, and  ultimately Girl Guide Commissioner for the South Okanagan.  Dr. Tbm Gee, Tbpsy's elder son, was raised in Osoyoos, and retired to Osoyoos  several years ago. He currently spends most of his time writing, skiing or  wind-surfing.  OHS 141 TRIBUTES  Upon Mike's death in 1954, Topsy enrolled in Teachers  College, first in UVic and then UBC, where she finished her  degree. Topsy taught school in Greenwood, Hudson Hope (where  she met and ultimately married Alex Philip), Kitimat, Telegraph  Creek, Kamloops and Cranbrook. She and Alex learned  Esperanto, the international language, and traveled during their  summers to various European centers to attend Esperanto conferences. Upon retiring as teacher librarians, they moved to  Rotterdam, Netherlands, to establish the International Esperanto  Library there, and then to travel in Europe and the British Isles,  speaking to Esperanto groups about Canada. They ultimately  retired to Victoria in 1979, and returned to Osoyoos in 1988.  142 ohs TRIBUTES  Joan King  1930 - 2003  by members of the Oliver-Osoyoos Branch, O.H.S.  with information provided by Joanps  husband, Harold King.  Long time naturalist, Joan King, died December 20, 2003 at  her home in Oliver, B.C. Joan was born September 21, 1930  in Vancouver. She was married for fifty-two years to Harold  King and provided unflagging support to him at all times, most  especially in the long years of his work on the LRMP for the  Naturalists' Federation. Joan's life was devoted to tending her  family and her garden on their farm in Oliver.  She was an active  member of the Oliver-  Osoyoos Naturalist Club and  Warden of both the Haynes'  Lease Ecological Reserve  and the Field's Lease  Ecological Reserve for twenty-three years. Joan was a  knowledgeable birder who  assisted in organizing the  Audubon Christmas Bird  Count in Oliver and  Osoyoos for twenty years,  as well as teaching birding  and botany to Elderhostellers  for ten years.  Joan was  a founding  member   of  the   Osoyoos  Joan King. (Courtesy Harold King) Desert   Society and volun  teered as a receptionist at the Centre the summers of 2002 and  2003. She was also active in the Osoyoos Anglican Church, The  Oliver Heritage Society, the Oliver Garden Club, the South  Okanagan Hospital Auxiliary and Girl Guides. In addition, Joan  often made available her expertise in local geography and history  to the Oliver/Osoyoos Branch of the Okanagan Historical Society.  Over the years, Joan's attendance at all cultural and community  events has been noted by all who knew her. That she will no  longer be present at these concerts, conferences, or planning ses-  ohs 143 TRIBUTES  sions will leave a serious absence in our community.   Her gifts of  flowers, produce, and friendship, will be  sorely missed.  Joan leaves to mourn her passing, her husband, Harold,  daughters Kathy Patt (Jack) and Dr. Diane Patt, son Ron King  (Bobbi), grandchildren Shane, Amanda, Tim, Rob, Ryan and  Dana, Dale and Charlie, sisters Irene Marsaw (Thorold) and Mary  Shumate and many nieces and nephews.  Joan  By Kathy Patt  If we could bring her back we would,  But not to cancer's pain.  We never will forget our Mum  Nor see her like again.  She knew that she was going home,  She showed no sign of fear,  And she is watching over those  She left behind back here.  She knows we mourn,  She knows we must  But sorrow too will pass.  The spring will come again to bring  New buds, new birds, new grass.  She loved us all,  We loved her too,  But life continues on.  She's safe and warm in Jesus' care  And waiting for us there.  Our task is now to reach beyond  The pain and find at length  New joys to share, new work to do,  New love, new hope, new strength.  144 ohs TRIBUTES  Leona (Moen) McClure  by June Griswold  a pioneer of the Springbend area, Leona (Moen) McClure  /\ passed away peacefully with her family by her side on  Jl -kjanuary 26, 2004 at Shuswap Lake General Hospital in  Salmon Arm.  Leona was born February 22, 1906 in Ohaton, Alberta to  Albert and Ingeborg Nelson, the youngest of eight children. Her  mother passed away when she was three months old. Leona was  raised by her father and her two oldest sisters.  Leona's future husband Odin Moen moved with his family  from South Dakota to a farm near Bawlf, Alberta when he was a  young boy. When WWI began he returned to the United States  and enlisted in the U.S. army, and returned to Canada when the  war was over.  In 1929 he and Leona were married in Edmonton. Their first  daughter Ardys was born in Ohaton. In the mid 1930s they moved  to Vancouver, British Columbia for a couple years; then to  Kelowna where Odin worked for a short time with the City of  Kelowna and in orchards and packing houses. In October 1945  they purchased a farm in the Springbend area, north of Enderby,  on Hadow Road where they had a few cows and shipped cream to  Salmon Arm. Odin also worked in the bush for McAmmond  Logging Company near Enderby. Their son James was born in  Enderby Hospital in 1946.  In 1948 Odin passed away in Vancouver General Hospital  after a short illness. Leona and her children, with help from  Odin's Uncle Henry from Alberta, and Leona's cousin Mearl  Nelson from South Dakota ran the farm for years. Henry lived  with them from 1949 to 1966 when he passed away. Mearl lived  with them from 1951 until he passed away in 1974. Ardys, Marion  and Betty attended the Springbend School. The Springbend School  was closed in 1950, so James attended school in Enderby.  June Griswold and her husband Harry moved to the Springbend area in 1990.  They moved from Kaslo where June was secretary for the Kootenay Lake  Historical Society for eighteen years. June helped start the "Save Our Ship"  campaign for the S.S. Moyie sternwheeler. She continues to be interested in  history, especially of the area where she lives.  ohs 145 TRIBUTES  Their closest neighbours  were Salts, Welchs, Paynes,  Edmunds, Ludwigs, Ducketts,  Jefcoats, Lotts and Bill Quinn.  Neighbours would visit and enjoy  playing cards for entertainment.  Leona had an old sow that  would escape from the pig pen  whenever Leona and her family  would go to visit the neighbours.  When it was time for the family to  go home, the sow would be waiting  at the neighbour's door. The family  would take the shortcut home, but  the sow would not take the shortcut, so Leona and the sow had to  walk the long way home. The family have a picture of their mother  riding on a pig.  In 1973 Leona married Ed McClure and moved to another  location on the farm and lived there for over 20 years. Due to Ed's  failing health they moved to Enderby in 1997. Ed moved to  Parkview Place where he passed away in 2001. Leona moved to  Marywood Apartments where she lived until September, 2003  when she moved back to the farm to spend her last few months  with her son and daughter-in-law.  Besides Odin and Ed Leona was predeceased by sisters  Geneva, Elvie and Elvira, brothers, Haley, Clarence, Oral, Arthur  and son-in-law Frank Peterson.  A Celebration of Life was held at the Enderby Legion  February 6, 2004 by her daughters: Ardys Moen (Ron), Marion  (Otto) Pipke, Betty Peterson, her son James (Sandra) Moen, 12  grandchildren, 21 great-grandchildren and numerous nieces and  nephews.  Leona will always be remembered for her strength, words of  wisdom, and unconditional LOVE and devotion to her family.  Leona McClure, 2001. (Courtesy Betty  Peterson)  146 ohs TRIBUTES  Mary Frances Cicely Morrison (nee Tutt)  by her daughter Sheila Sullivan  Fran was the loving wife of John (Jack) Morrison, a current  Life Member, Director, advocate and longtime supporter of  the Okanagan Historical Society. She herself also participated as a member of the Society, working alongside Jack over the  years. On December 2, 2003, Jack and Fran had celebrated their  60th wedding anniversary.  Mary Frances Cicely Morrison (nee TUtt) passed away  peacefully on January 21, 2004 in Vernon, B.C., at eighty years of  age. Known to many as "Jingy", she was born and raised in  Kelowna, the eldest daughter of Duncan and Nellie (Hereron)  Tutt. Her parents were early pioneers in the Kelowna area and are  best known for operating Tutt's Dairy, located on the corner of  Pandosy (Pendozi) Street and KLO Road in the early 1900's. The  Tutt family moved on to orcharding and ranching in Glenmore  where a family ranch is still in operation to-day. Six brothers and  sisters including Hilary, Gerry, David, Michael, Stacy and Brian-  all residing in the Kelowna area, survive her. She was predeceased by her elder brother Charles Henry Tutt on January 11,  2000 in Trail, B.C.  Fran had a remarkable entrance into this world- she was  born two months premature on June 1, 1923, weighing just four  pounds, and was sent home from hospital two weeks later at a  mere three pounds. In those days, her chances of full development and survival were perceived to be limited. Yet, she challenged life with such zest, she left in Jack's care at the time of her  passing, a family legacy of ten children, twenty-nine grandchildren and nineteen great grandchildren.  Growing up, Fran was truly a "free spirit" who loved to ride  her horse Gypsy or her favourite bicycle through all the back  alleys and roadways in Kelowna. During her elementary school  years she studied piano under the guidance of Mrs. Atcheson,  passing all her Trinity College music exams, loving the experience, and later filling her own home with the joyful sounds of the  piano. As part of her youth, she also embraced her religious training as a Roman Catholic, a faith she truly loved and role- modeled  all the years of her life.  It was in 1938, in her Grade Nine year, she met the "love of  her life"- Jackie Morrison- the only child of Thomas and Rita  (Maxwell) Morrison. They were high school sweethearts from that  ohs 147 TRIBUTES  point on. Jingy finished her Grade Eleven, then took a business  course and went to work for Okanagan Loan and Investments.  Jack had left school at the end of Grade Ten and worked for  George Weeden as a mechanic. He joined the Air Force in  September 1942, completed his pilot's training in November 1943  and obtained a Commission. At this point, he returned to Kelowna  and on December 2, 1943, he and Fran were married in  Immaculate Conception Church. Shortly thereafter, Jack travelled  east to take his training as a flying instructor and was posted to  #10 Service Flying Training School at Clairesholm, Alberta. Jingy  joined him there in April of 1944. Their first daughter was born in  Claresholm in 1944. Thus began the family legacy with an additional nine children following (eight girls and two boys) over the  next sixteen years.  In the spring of 1945, Fran returned to Kelowna, and Jack  was moved East to Ontario. When the war ended, Jack joined Fran  in Kelowna and returned to work for Weeden Garage. They  remained in Kelowna until the fall of 1947 when they purchased  their first home on Highway 97, close to the Crossroads (Reid's)  Corner. In 1953, they purchased the home and part of Henry  Ford's orchard on Leathead Road. These were happy years for  Fran- as wife and mother, she managed a large and busy household, including a large garden, and preserved over 1,000 jars of  produce each summer to keep the family healthy and well-fed.  Jack started an automotive business partnership in Vernon  in the early 1960's. The family moved to Vernon after building a  new home there in August of 1966. Just prior to the Vernon move,  Fran and Jack were actively involved in the Rutland Parent  Teacher Association (P.T.A.). They played a strong supporting role  in the introduction into the local school system of "kindergarten".  When the Ministry of Education introduced a training programme  at the local Kelowna College to produce qualified kindergarten  teachers, Fran enrolled and graduated from the programme. To  her surprise, her first year in Vernon, she ended up as the kindergarten teacher at St. James Catholic School (with thirty-five children in her class). She continued to teach at St. James for the next  ten years (1966 to 1976).  During the early 1970's, Fran also was a key player in establishing "Learning Disabilities" Associations in the Vernon area  and throughout the Okanagan Valley. She worked with a dynamic team including Lloyd Mitchell, Dr. A. Sovereign and Sister  Carmelita from the Sisters of St. Ann. Fran held a special kinship  to those children needing extra care and attention, and always  found the time to support and encourage their learning and  development.  148 ohs TRIBUTES  Both Fran and Jack were actively involved in the Scouting  Movement in Vernon. Fran became the first person in B.C. to start  Beavers- an organization for younger boys, linked to the Scouting  Movement. As a natural leader, she achieved her "Gilwell scarf  and beads" in scouting and was instrumental in training other  Beaver leaders, establishing colonies in a number of communities: OK Landing, Lumby and Sicamous. In 1978-79, she was recognized and awarded the Vernon Bill Fulton Trophy for outstanding leadership in this area.  Her commitment to her church community continued to  grow throughout her life. In May 2004, she would have celebrated  her 60th year as a member of the Catholic Women's League  (CWL). She also studied and worked as a Hospice Volunteer in the  Vernon area for many years, supplementing this work by being a  Eucharistic Minister in the church, allowing her to bring Holy  Communion to the sick and dying. This ministry gave her great  joy as she discovered that helping others in need also helped her  to grow stronger in her own faith.  Her family thank her for her deep faith in God, which  seemed to flow from deep within her like water from an artesian  well and which she splashed on them so generously. She will be  remembered for her many special gifts including her generous  and unconditional love for her family, her love of children and  her ability to become one of them at a moment's notice. She had  an intuitive sense of knowing when people were suffering and  would phone and say, "Hello, was thinking of you. Is everything  okay?" This innate ability rescued many people in time of need-  be they her children, her extended family or those friends and  acquaintances who were fortunate to know her.  ohs 149 TRIBUTES  Shigeru Sakon . . . The Last One  by the Salmon Arm Branch Okanagan  Historical Society  In 1896 at Shuswap, BC, a boxcar was spotted on the CPR mainline close to where the Calhoun family were living. They had  one hour to load their household furniture and farm equipment at a cost of five dollars. The Calhouns, with their horses, followed the old Indian trail from Shuswap through the Chase Creek  and Skimikin valleys arriving at Tappen Siding a day later. There,  the boxcar with their possessions was waiting for them. Tappen  Siding was close to the first Genelle Brothers mill started in the  mid-1880s with the CPR construction.  This was how the Calhoun family arrived in Tappen and was  the start of Calhoun Farms, which provided employment for  many people for 75 years.  One hundred years later on January 25, 2004, friends and  neighbours gathered to remember Shig Sakon, the last person to  live on the farm. All the farm buildings have been burnt or torn  down. Following is the eulogy given by Dean Trenholm.  Shig was born at Mission, BC, August 12, 1919, and died in  Salmon Arm January 16, 2004. He was the only child of father  Mataichi Sakon and mother Yai, immigrants from Japan, who  became successful fruit farmers at Mission. They were very quiet,  gentle people. His mother was extremely protective of Shig as he  was a sensitive child who had a speech impediment. In time he  outgrew the stuttering but never did get over being shy. If he  knew you well and felt comfortable he would occasionally open  up and talk.  After the Pacific war broke out in 1942, the family was forced  to abandon their farm and be relocated to the sugar-beet fields at  Lethbridge, Alberta.  Around 1950 Shig and his family returned to BC. They  moved into a cabin on Calhoun's vegetable farm in Tappen, where  Shig worked until the late 1970s. He looked after his mother until  she passed away sometime in the late '50s. His father had died  shortly after their arrival in Tappen.  In 1953 Ernest Needham and Dean Trenholm built a large  vegetable barn for Harold Calhoun, with little Shig as a helper.  Each day at lunchtime Shig would bring out either the Province or  the Sun and read out loud. He always read the real estate ads and  150 ohs TRIBUTES  probably knew more about real estate values than people in the  business. This is how Dean met and came to know Shig.  He was fascinated with automobiles and indeed bought a new  car which he drove with complete  abandonment. His first car was  black. Then he had a '51 or '52  Chevy or Pontiac. He also drove a  1956 blue Plymouth until the  wheels fell off. Out came his faithful old bike. You would see him on  the road rain or shine, summer or  winter, usually headed for one of  his favourite waterholes, the  Tappen Co-op store or the Tappen  Esso cafe. The store was his social  centre as well, where he shyly  developed a friendship with all  the girls who worked there. He  was especially fond of Joan  McDonald and Karen Lunzman.  Peggy Wilson was also an important friend.  In the early 1990s Shig suffered a home invasion at his cabin  during which he was severely  beaten and robbed of whatever  cash he had on hand. The young  thugs were never caught. There  were no close neighbours, so  arrangements were made for him  to rent a little house near the telephone station at Tappen. During this period he was relatively safe.  Another friend, Margaret Cloutier, kept a close watch over him  and made sure he had all the essentials and reading material. He  was an avid reader, but one would never know how much he had  learned or knew as he rarely exposed his feelings about anything.  One year Shig was hit by a motor vehicle while riding his  bike, and so he was hospitalized again. Upon release, Bud and  Shirley Boyd took him into their home until he was fully recovered. He had an abiding affection for this wonderful couple.  Shig had a pair of large black oxfords—probably size 11 —that  he liked to slop around in. He wore size 7. If you asked him where  he got those shoes, he would smile and say, "Bud Boyd".  Shig Sakon in later years. (Courtesy Allan  Wilson)  OHS 151 TRIBUTES  He had some health problems; a few strokes put him in the  hospital for a while. The authorities didn't want him to live alone,  and so arrangements were made for him to move to town. In 1997  Shig took up residence at Mountain View Manor. Here he was  given a home and at last some pampering and gentle comfort.  Monica Kugel and her family became his family. He seemed to be  a favourite resident there. Monica says that when able he would  help put the dishes in the sink and generally try to help.  Shig was a very generous soul and an easy mark for anyone  soliciting for charity of any sort. He often bestowed little gifts that  were too expensive for his limited resources. This was a side of  Shig that only a few ever saw. Some may have thought him foolish, but generous might have been a better term.  While living at Mountain View, Shig suffered more minor  strokes and had some cognitive problems, like not knowing how  to get home after going for a walk down town. Over the last year  his forays in the business area were less frequent. His physician,  Dr. Newell, looked after his health for several years and no doubt  helped him reach the venerable age of 84. Shig is survived by  cousins Matsuje Sakon, Reiko Endo and Mariko Endo.  I shall always remember Shig Sakon as a quiet, gentle, honest and generous man who tried his best to live independently  and never complain about anything.  Further testimonial to Shig Sakon's life and character was  provided by Yvonne Arnouse: Shig, my grandmother Alice  Arnouse (deceased 1970) and my mother Elizabeth worked many  years on the Calhoun farm. The main crops were carrots and potatoes. He also grew turnips, cabbage, parsnips and onions, but on a  smaller scale. They got 60 cents an hour and their workday was  eight hours, five days a week. They worked hard but appreciated  their jobs.  In the summertime, Mr. [Harold] Calhoun hired students,  mostly First Nations. We received 30 cents an hour and to us that  was big money. Shig used a small cultivator to go between the  rows of potatoes to remove weeds. Our job was to remove the  weeds that were really close to the plants. I remember that there  were lots of gophers in the potatoes. All of us were very impressed  at how fast Shig could run and most of the time he would catch  these critters and they met their demise getting banged on the  cultivator. I am very lucky to have known Shig. He was humble,  respectful and a hard worker.  Allan Wilson also shared memories of Shig Sakon: Christmas  was a special time for Shig. Karen and Joan made sure he was  around when they decorated the store Christmas tree. Shig had a  152 ohs TRIBUTES  big smile as he helped them and he was always remembered with  a present. He wouldn't open it in the store, but went outside and  came back with a thank you and a grin.  When Peggy Wilson worked in the Tappen post office, Shig  would give her a unique gift, carefully wrapped. On Christmas  morning she would hold his present and say, "this is from Shig; I  wonder what he gave us this year?" One year he gave her a beautiful gold-trimmed teapot with matching cream and sugar, which  she always treasured.  Shig worked for other farmers in Tappen Valley. I first  worked with him in the late 1950s on the Tom Kawase strawberry  farms at Tappen and later Gleneden. He was subsequently  employed by Bud Boyd when they bought the Gleneden strawberry patch from the Kawase family. He also helped Bert Robson.  All this time he lived in his small Calhoun Farm house which had  wood heat, but no electricity or running water.  In the late '60s Harold Calhoun's eyesight was deteriorating  and Shig probably helped his employer more than we realized.  Later I wondered how Shig was surviving financially and felt great  relief when told he was 65 and receiving Old Age Security.  Shig's death ends not just memories of Calhoun Farms, but  also large-scale vegetable production in the BC interior. Over the  years Calhouns engaged in many different types of agriculture.  There is a photograph taken in 1915 of timothy hay growing  around the tobacco barns and another showing the crew baling  hay from the stack in the fall. The baler is a horse-powered one  with spacers and wires put in manually.  Bert Stewart from the Salmon valley, south of Salmon Arm,  told how he was on a crew that travelled the Tappen district baling hay with a tractor-powered stationary wire-tied baler during  the 1930s and '40s. It was customary to stack and cure hay in the  summer to be baled later. Most of it was shipped by railroad to logging camps where horses were still being used.  Calhouns also raised sheep. This fact would probably have  been lost, but I asked one of my uncles about the small-mesh page  wire on the CPR fence going through the Calhoun property. He  said Henry Calhoun raised sheep for awhile until he realized  there wasn't much money in them. At the same time, he had milk  cows and was one of the Salmon Arm creamery shippers.  Vegetables, on the other hand, always seemed to be profitable.  During World War Two approximately 10 Japanese families  worked for Calhouns after they were evacuated from the coastal  areas. Their numbers increased during peak seasonal requirements at the whim of the British Columbia Security Commission.  ohs 153 TRIBUTES  Starting in the 1940s, carrot production increased and two  large warehouses were built, with custom-built washing, grading  and packaging machinery. One of my cousins sent a bag from  Scotland bearing the label, CARROTS Grown and Shipped by CALHOUN FARMS, TAPPEN, BRITISH COLUMBIA, CANADA.  At this time, Harold Calhoun built his own railroad spur to  load boxcars on his farm, instead of using Tappen Siding which  was two miles away.  Like most agricultural production, there were always problems.  One fall Bert Stewart hauled tomatoes to the Bulman cannery in Vernon. He said by the time he arrived juice was running  out of the boxes, probably due to a combination of overripe tomatoes and rough roads. The same year, the fields were so wet  machinery couldn't get on them. Cabbages were picked, dumped  in White Creek, floated down to the small highway bridge,  retrieved, packed in boxes and shipped.  When the three Sakons arrived in Tappen, Calhoun Farms  was a going concern. As its most loyal employee Shig witnessed  vegetable production at its peak and then the slow decline into the  sixties. He watched as piece-by-piece the rich bottom land was  sold to neighbouring dairy farmers. I can see him shake his head  and hear his familiar "geez" as one agricultural enterprise disappeared and another became established.  More than 50 people attended Shig Sakon's memorial service  and enough money was donated to provide a headstone in Tappen  cemetery.  154 ohs TRIBUTES  Ruberta (Ruby) Grace Somerset  1921 - 2003  by Mary Ellison Bailey  A longtime resident of Oyama, Ruby was the last of four children and only daughter of Reinhart and Grace Kaiser, farmers who homesteaded near Peace River Alberta. Born  August 7, 1921, Ruby was raised and schooled near Whitelaw,  Alberta. In 1940, Ruby and her mother moved to the North  Okanagan. She met Harold Somerset (See Tribute in OHS Report  #67, 2003) at the L & A Ranch north of Vernon, where he worked  for a brief period, and where she was helping her cousin cook for  the ranch hands. It was love at first sight, an enduring love that  was a full partnership in every sense of the word.  After their marriage in 1944, the Somersets applied to  Vernon Ellison for ajob as herdsman of the Kalwood Farms registered Herefords on the east hill of Oyama, above Kalamalka lake.  First and foremost, Ruby was a homemaker, but she also shared  the daily ranch activities from separating milk and cream to making butter and collecting eggs. She excelled at grooming the cattle  for Bull Shows and Sales as well as the many annual fairs where  they showed, such as the IPE, PNE, CNE. Harold and Ruby made  many friends throughout the province through their travels to cattle shows.  Especially during the calving season, Ruby kept cattle  records for the ranch by transferring notes from Harold's small  vestpocket book into a register she kept up-to-date. From there  that information could be used for registering the Kalwood  Herefords. The Somersets enjoyed having flowers around their  home. Ruby specialized in propagating and transplanting geraniums, which she pulled up and hung upside down in their basement over winter. One year, their Middle Bench Road home at  Oyama was judged as show garden of the community.  Ruby was competent in many endeavours but was especially in demand for making and decorating cakes for birthdays and  weddings. Many an Oyama girl ordered her wedding cake from  Ruby. She was happy with her life in the country amongst friends  Mary Ellison Bailey is a granddaughter of pioneers Price and Sophie Ellison  and a daughter of their son Vernon. Mary grew up at Oyama, and now lives  in Armstrong with her husband, Dr. Charles Bailey.  ohs 155 TRIBUTES  of over fifty years, making bread, preserves, sewing and maintaining country values.  Although in poor health for many years, her quiet gentle  nature belied her strengths and firm beliefs. Her good memory  was an asset in many a conversation.  Supportive of community  events, Ruby was an active member of the Kalamalka Women's  Institute and was presented with  a Life Membership. She helped  make one hundred crib-sized  quilts from recycled material  under the auspices of Dr. Lotta  Hitchmanova and UNICEF for  children orphaned during the  Korean War. She also worked  hard supporting activities of the  United Church.  Ruby, who died in Vernon,  B.C. on August 26, 2003, was predeceased by her husband of fifty-  eight years- Harold Archibald  Somerset on March 1, 2003.  Ruberta Grace Somerset. (Counesy the  author)  156 ohs TRIBUTES  'ĢRobert E. (Bob) Spall  May 5, 1921 - March 27, 2003  Mission Hill Winery: The Beginnings  by Deborah Cochrane (nee Spall)  In his eighty-two years, my Dad saw a lot of changes in  Kelowna and was aware of many more told to him by his Dad,  James, who moved to Kelowna in 1904. Fifty-two years ago, at  Kelowna General Hospital, I was born into the Spall clan. I, too,  have heard the stories, continue to see more, and am constantly  witnessing changes in this beautiful city. My favourite story follows. I use Dad and Bob interchangeably throughout; it seems  appropriate.  March 27, 2003, my Dad, Robert E. Spall (Bob) died; for his  Memorial, I created a picture time-line of his life. I had no idea  the impact doing this would have on me. I discovered, much to  my amazement, that my Dad had lived quite a varied and accomplished life. Not only had he been my Dad, but also he had been  a precious young son, a mischievous, prank- playing teen, a handsome bachelor, a farmer, a husband, a loving brother to six precocious sisters and a very good friend to many. It is his major  accomplishment and the highlight of his life that I want to share,  the construction of the original Mission Hill Winery.  While in his twenties, to escape a crowded household, Bob  built himself a bachelor pad adjacent to the family farmhouse. In  doing that, Bob realized his love for design and construction.  His dream of becoming an airplane builder and technician  was foiled when his father called him back from California to  Kelowna to run the farm. With six daughters and one son, was  there any other choice? Well in the late 1930's, there wasn't!  So, for several years, a farmer it was. There were cows, one  snarly bull, chickens - which he hated, alfalfa, corn and potatoes  in the fields. The Spall farm was way out in the country, situated  Deb was the second of five children born in Kelowna to Bob and Doris Spall.  She attended Benvoulin and Central Elementary and graduated from Dr.  Knox School. In 1972 she married Larry Cochrane, a Richmond boy she met  while studying business at BCIT. They moved to Lakeview Heights in 1978  where they raised their family. Never did she imagine that almost forty years  later, she would use Mission Hill Winery as a landmark, to describe where  she lives!  ohs 157 TRIBUTES  at the corner of Highway 97 and Spall Road. In 1949, Bob married  Doris Wilson, a young nurse from Armstrong, and they moved into  the family farmhouse. To do this, Bob built a brand new home for  his parents at the west end of the property. The home still stands;  it is the office of the Ponderosa Motel.  Seeing an opportunity, Bob planted sixteen acres of fruit  trees- eight acres along Highway 97 (then the Barlee Stretch) from  Spall to Hardy Roads, and eight acres off the west side of Spall  between the highway and Mill Creek. As the orchard didn't have  the daily year-round demands of dairy farming, Bob was able to  pursue his interest in building.  While Dad was  busy days with construction, we carried  out childhood chores of  changing sprinklers,  propping trees whose  branches were burdened with ripening  fruit, picking cherries,  plums and other soft  fruits for curious  Albertan travellers. As  a teenager I secured  the cushy job of driving  tractor and forklift,  carefully lining up  filled bins ready to be  picked up by the fruit  haulers. I remember  doing this job while  Dad was building the  winery. Picking season  was always a busy time  and the end was often  celebrated with a back-to-school shopping trip to Coeur d'Alene,  Idaho or Portland, Oregon.  In June 1964, Dad was building one of the first apartment  blocks in the Okanagan for Townhouse Developments owned by  Dave and Erwin Schellenberg. The apartments still stand on  Lawrence Avenue between Gordon Drive and Richmond Street.  A young man who was headed to Vancouver after selling property in Saskatchewan stopped in Kelowna to visit a friend. He and  his mother were driving a new Oldsmobile and towing a trailer  carrying his stallion. The friend suggested he stop by the apartment  Robert (Bob) Ernest Spall. May 5, 1921  2003. (Courtesy the author)  March 27,  158 ohs TRIBUTES  job site and see about some work. Loyd Spannier started work immediately. He remembers Bob telling him to park his car and horse  trailer while Dad took the horse across the road into the Pridham  orchard to graze. My Dad handed Loyd a tool belt, and a long-term  friendship based on respect and work ethic began that day.  During that time, Tiny Walrod of Kelowna had a dream to  build a winery that resembled a Monastery on top of the Mount  Boucherie Ridge. Tiny, a former B.C. Tree Fruits and Sun Rype  General Manager, worked with Kelowna architect, John  Woodworth, on the design. There were nine directors consulting  with them on the concept. Unfortunately, Tiny died, but his  directors were determined to fulfill his dream and the result was  the original Mission Hill Winery; a winery that looked like a  Mission.  In 1965 the Federal Government introduced the Area  Development Incentives Act, a program to develop industry in  depressed areas. Kelowna certainly qualified at that time due to  the abundance of seasonal workers. A very thorough and detailed  proposal prepared by Jim Stewart was submitted. With the share  guarantees from the directors and a convincing application, the  federal government matched the application dollar for dollar and  the dream was born.  Bob Spall was brought on board to be the Superintendent  because of the reputation he had established for himself. This  was an unprecedented project in the area. The possibility of  unforeseen and unique problems was inevitable. Bob was the perfect choice because of his laidback ability to handle problems and  situations that could and would arise. It was said that Bob never  asked anyone to do anything he wouldn't do himself.  The foresight of the directors in choosing their superintendent paid off. Bob, with his two right-hand colleagues, Loyd  Spannier and Isao Terai, attacked every challenge that arose with  creativity, determination and a sense of humour. Nowhere else  has the cliche, "Necessity is the Mother of Invention" rung truer.  Fortunately, at that time, Bob drove a four-wheel drive  International Scout, as the first trip up to the site took place  February 4, 1966. Several times Loyd had to jump out of the  Scout, with chainsaw in hand, to cut down a tree blocking the way  to the summit. A backhoe followed and the first test holes were  dug. Bob recalled that only a ribbon tied around a single tree  marked the center spot of the future winery.  Close to the end of February, they carried twenty cases of  dynamite up in a front-end loader and blew the face off the hill to  set the footings.   Imagine the noise, and the concerns this must  ohs 159 TRIBUTES  have presented to the few local residents. One of their memories  from that time is passing only one or two cars each morning on  the way over to work after crossing the two-lane bridge. Another  took place during the blasting when a rather officious looking  inspector came up the mountain to see what was going on.  Apparently, no permit was needed. Those that remember Bob  and his appearance, know that scruffy would describe what the  inspector would have seen. He approached Bob, who was standing by his Scout, which had rifles mounted on a rack across the  back window. Bob was directing Loyd, who was driving a backhoe  building a buffer around charges of dynamite. The inspector curiously asked Bob who was in charge. Dad pointed at the big,  young, clean cut fellow behind the wheel of the backhoe and said,  "Him." Evidently the inspector was satisfied and left the site,  probably running!  The rifles came in handy on more than one occasion during  the baking summer months as rattlesnakes slid over to tan on the  newly exposed rocks or curl up in the toolboxes for a cool nap.  Water and electricity each presented their own unique challenges. For water, a small pumphouse was built off Pritchard  Drive and Westbank Irrigation District dug a trench to the base of  Boucherie Mountain. Four-inch aluminum pipe was laid from the  lake and attached to the mountainside. One must remember this  was February; the pipes were exposed and climbing 400 feet up  from the lake. Valves were installed to drain the pipes every  night, or whenever water wasn't being used. No water in the  pipes should equate to no problem. Well this was not to be.  Frozen lines and backed up pressure caused major damage to the  pump and surrounding pumphouse two or three times. Finally  with the help of electrician, Earl Storgaard of Capri Electric, the  system was improved and the pump was bolted into concrete.  Believe it or not, water flowed year round using that line until the  late eighties when the current reservoir was built above Gregory  Road.  In order to secure electricity, a series of holes had to be dug  to accommodate the power poles. Blowing the face off the mountain to set the footings is one thing, making a hole to support a  power pole is quite another! Loyd recalls that the first hole surprisingly measured twenty feet in diameter and was ten feet deep;  it took four to five loads of dirt to refill the hole! The holes progressively got smaller and by the base of the hill, they were perfect.  The large beams used to support the building came from  Penticton and arrived late one afternoon after careful maneuvers  160 ohs TRIBUTES  up the dirt road. Jim Stewart, site manager, recalls they stood  around looking at these beams wondering how they would ever  get them erected and set into place. Dad apparently knew exactly what to do. He told someone to phone Bill Coulthard at  Midvalley Construction and ask him to have his crane up here the  next morning. That done, the beams were easily lifted and fitted  into place.  In keeping with the Mission theme, large arches were needed to create an authentic Mission appearance. Bob knew of a fellow in Vernon, a Mr. Steiner who was building similar arches, and  contacted him. Late in the summer, the arches were delivered to  the site and erected by crane to create an effect that was both  stately and imposing.  Bud Drury, Minister of Trade and Industry, arrived one day  at the site, obviously to check out their investment. Noticing that  Jim was not wearing a suit, Dad chimed in and apologized on  Jim's behalf, saying, "He came over to get some work done today!"  Dad sure knew his fashion too; he introduced the layered look  into the valley long before Paris or Milan. Bob never went bare-  chested, he always started with a white short sleeve T-shirt, or  thermal underwear in the winter. A matching, GWG long sleeve  shirt and pants in a dark khaki or beige followed this; Bob never  wore shorts.  Over the shirt he wore a heavy plaid shirt, sometimes quilted, and in the winter he topped it off with a down vest. I'm sure  there was also rain gear stashed in his vehicle as he was prepared  for whatever Mother Nature threw at him.  In late August and after all the beams and arches had been  hauled up the road, it was finally paved, a big job for Westside  Aggregates, now Westlake Paving. About that time too, when the  outside was near completion, Ian Sprinkling, Jim Stewart and  John Woodworth were staring at the roof looking disturbed. Bob  walks over and queries their concerns. John, the architect, is  alarmed with how noticeable the chimney is. With a straight face,  Bob replies, "No one will even notice the chimney once we get the  neon sign up there." Bob loved to tease and play practical jokes  and the job sites were the perfect stage.  February saw the ground break for Mission Hill Winery.  September, seven months later, on budget and on schedule, the first  grapes were crushed. Henryk Schoenfeld, a winemaker trained in  Crakow, Poland, and recruited from London Wines in Ontario, was  the first vintner to be hired. Grapes were imported from California  but unfortunately did not produce a wine of good quality.  Bob, Isao and Loyd continued on at the winery until the fol-  OHS 161 TRIBUTES  (zJite   Czs resident and  ^JJireclors  oj  Cm^cn  9f,ll Opines  jSll  request  the pleasure  of  your company at  ike  Kjjficial  K^Jpening  of  me  ^r/Ussion C/wi  {Jd/tnery  Qllisslon   mi  Stool   QPe.lLn£.   £B.(P.  on   ^M/ednesday,   Cydoler   18,   1Q6?  al 3:30 p.m.  — Guests of Honour —  The Honourable JEAN CHRETIEN, m.p.  MINISTER  WITHOUT   PORTFOLIO  The Honourable F. X. RICHTER, m.l.a.  MINISTER   OF  AGRICULTURE,   PROVINCE   OF   BRITISH   COLUMBIA  lowing spring,  adding some of  Bob's signature  touches to the  interior. It was  during these  months that the  wine was often  tested on a  Friday night by  the crew and sub-  trades. Stories of  hard-working  men, enjoying  each other's company, while sampling wine,  abound.  Construction  was a career that  fit very well with  my Dad's personality and talents.  He looked at  each project as  an empty canvas;  a valuable picture he would create with his very unique touches  and high standards.  Bob built many of the larger buildings and finer homes during that period, but the true highlight of his career was Mission  Hill Winery.  The Grand Opening of the Winery was a celebration of a  dream come true for some proud Kelowna investors with a vision,  and an extremely proud moment for the man who made that  vision a reality.  I want to express my sincere gratitude to Jim Stewart and  Loyd Spannier for their stories, some of which are strictly, "off the  record!" Your memories are incredible.  Also to Jamie Spall, Bob's only son who was a mere two  years old in 1966. He was fortunate to hear the stories before Dad  died.  Thank you all.  RECEPTION    FOLLOWING:  4: OO  TO  3: 30  Please present This   Invitation  at the Door  Invitation to Official Opening of Mission Hill Estate Winery.  (Courtesy Bob Cochrane)  162 ohs TRIBUTES  KlYOMATSU YAMAOKA  1909 - August 7, 2003  by Evelyn Vielvoye  Kiyomatsu was the second born son of Iwajiro Yamaoka and  Okiku Yokota, who were both born in Japan. The couple  travelled by boat to Vancouver in 1906. Kiyo was born in  Swanson Bay, British Columbia, in 1909, and the Yamaoka family  moved to Kelowna in 1911.  His father farmed the area along Burtch Road near Dr. Knox  School. In 1922, the Yamaoka family moved to a two storey wooden home that was built by Maude Roxby in 1918, and owned by  George Ward at that time. The property was north along Black  Mountain Road (the present Highway 33) where McKenzie Road  now exists. At that time there were just a small number of homes  in this area and their impression was that they were moving out  into the sticks. The property was planted to fruit trees and so they  became orchardists.  Black Mountain Road (Highway 33) had a row of about ten  to twelve tall poplar trees in the middle of the road that extended  south from these properties almost to where Mallach Road joins.  It was a sad day when the trees were cut down because of their  gigantic root systems that became a hindrance to the farmers in  that area.  In 1924, Iwajiro Yamaoka purchased twenty acres of land on  Latta Road from Tom Morrison. Here the Yamaoka family farmed  and raised enough cows, pigs, chickens and turkeys to sustain the  family.  An article in the Kelowna Courier and Okanagan Orchardist  had the following news item in the April 5, 1937, edition: Mr. &  Mrs. Harry Latta and family are leaving the Rutland Bench district  to take up residence in Kelowna. Their farm has been rented to  the Yamaoka Brothers.  Kiyo went to Japan in 1935 and married Toshiye Yamada.  They then returned to  Kelowna and actively farmed in the  Evelyn was born in Grayson, Saskatchewan and came to Kelowna in 1946  with her parents, Anton and Elizabeth Ottenbreit. She attended Rutland  Elementary and Rutland Jr. Sr. High School, graduating in 1957, and then  worked at the Capri Hotel in the office. She was married to John Vielvoye in  1965, and has a passion for history and family roots.  ohs 163 TRIBUTES  Kiyo Yamaoka. (Courtesy his son, Jack Yamaoka)  Rutland District. At one  time, because of the large  orchard they owned, Kiyo  had his own packinghouse.  In 1949 when the  Rutland Volunteer Fire  Brigade was formed under  the sponsorship of the Board  of Trade, Kiyo served as a  volunteer. At this time, an  old spray machine (which  belonged to Alex Bell) was  borrowed and towed to and  from all fires. Next, a self-  propelled truck with sprayer  was loaned by George Day,  and later an old well-used  fire truck was purchased  from the Kelowna Fire  Brigade. Those were the  times when no fire hydrants,  extended ladders or streamlined fire trucks existed. Kiyo was an  assistant to Norton Would, the fire chief at that time, and in 1969  was appointed fire chief. He was the fire chief when the new  "pumper" truck was purchased in 1970. Before the new truck  arrived, (the old fire truck had been sold to Oyama) a small truck  with a tank was borrowed from Kiyo.  On his retirement, the Rutland Fire Brigade presented Kiyo  Yamaoka with a bronze-plated fire hat and a wall plaque commemorating his years of service, "Kiyo Yamaoka Honorary Fire  Chief, 1950-1975."  Kiyo was a member of the Rutland Lions Club for eight years  from 1965 to 1973. In his spare time, he enjoyed hunting, fishing  and had a love of motorcycles.  They had three children; Jean who married Pat Yetman,  lives in Richmond; Richard who married Donnabelle Harrop,  lives in Kamloops; Jack, who married Darlene Hartman, lives in  Lumby.  Kiyo and Toshiye continued to live in the home that they  built on the family farm, which is located on the hillside north of  McKenzie Road where it joins Highway 33. In retirement, they  enjoyed a leisurely life, attending to a small garden and cutting  the lawn with a ride-on mower. Kiyo's daily routine included coffee at Plaza 33 Grill, and a relaxing day at home.  164 ohs TRIBUTES  In 1989, Kiyo made an application to the B.C. Land  Commission to remove their property from the land freeze. He  was initially refused, but negotiations continued. In the meantime the orchard was under the able hands of the Alves family.  In 2002, after the land had been sold by the Yamaokas, the  lower strip of several acres was released from the land freeze. At  the present time (March 2004) several homes have been built  there and others are under construction. The upper hillside  property has not yet been released, but negotiations are ongoing  with the Agricultural Committee.  Kiyo Yamaoka passed away on Thursday, August 7, 2003, at  Kelowna, British Columbia, at the wonderful age of ninety-four  years. Toshiye, at the age of ninety-three years, is a resident at the  Winfield Seniors Home.  References:  Information has been taken from the following sources:  * The obituary of Kiyo Yamaoka.  * Kelowna Daily Courier article written by Arlene Gaal.  * K.D.A.J.C. book The Vision Fulfilled 1894-1994  * Personal contacts with family and friends of Kiyo.  ohs 165 RECORDS Of ACHIEVEMENT  Horses in B.C.'s Interior  - a history  by Dr. Lois E. Philp  I  stood outside this morning dressed for the chilly day and  looked up at the darkening sky as hundreds of blackbirds gathered for their  flight south.  Summer is over  but the warm sun  and birds will  return for another season and  nature's cycle  will be completed as historically  it always has.  Wherever  man has left his  footprint in the  long ascent from  barbarism to civilization  we   will  r-    j       ,-i i        r    Dr. Lois Philip. (Courtesy the author)  print of the horse beside it. (John Trotwood Moore)  Horses were extinct in North America before Columbus discovered the New World in 1492. In 1493 he brought thirty horses  to America aboard his ships, but it was not until the 16th century  when horses arrived from Spain with the Conquistadors that they  became familiar to the native people. These animals became the  useful native horses that were used for foundation stock when the  early settlers created new American breeds of horses.  Lois Philp (nee Dunlop) moved to the Okanagan with her family in 1948.  Her family gave her a horse, which started it all. Horses then became a passion. She went on to achieve a Degree in Agriculture and following that  became a Doctor of Veterinary Medicine. With her husband and father of her  five children, the late Dr. Victor Demetrick, DVM, she began a forty year  career as a Thoroughbred Breeder. Fifteen years ago she also began raising  Welsh Ponies which she continues today. She now resides at Crossrail Farm  in the Coldstream Valley.  166 ohs HORSES IN B.C'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  In the Okanagan the original native horse was usually called  a Cayuse or Cayoosh. The name itself was a derogatory word  depicting every vice or defect to which a horse could be heir. The  animal in reality because of its ability to survive the cold new  country, and its adaptation to the harsher conditions of diet and  shelter, became essential when creating breeds of horses for the  new country using the well bred Eastern horses for outcrosses.  The practice of using native horses crossed with the imported  horses enabled the new breeding farms to produce a greater number of hardy, economical horses to supply the rising demands for  mounts, for the Army, Fur Trade, Gold Rush, as well as for new  settlers. Horses became an important part of the infrastructure  that supported the settling of this new land. They pulled logs out  of the forest, pulled plows through the virgin soil, provided transportation and communication in commerce and in the maintenance of law and order, and created social and leisure sport for the  new residents.  The Horse Producers  In 1859 Frances Jones Barnard walked 360 miles from Yale  to the Cariboo to deliver mail. He eventually formed the  Barnard's Express and Stage Line. In 1868 Steve Tingley herded  400 Morgan horses from New Mexico to the company's huge 6300  acre BX Ranch in Priest Valley and along with some horses  imported from Alberta and Saskatchewan, the finest horses were  bred assuring a continuous supply for the stage coaches. (These  notes are taken from The Valley of Dreams.)  The Interior of British Columbia with its crystal lakes and  springs, lush bottom land and gentle hills covered with rich bunch  grass has produced strong horses for hundred of years. In the  1800's fur traders and men of the early Gold Rush wintered their  animals in the sheltered Salmon River Valley. This area became  one of the noted horse breeding areas in the province and many  of our first breeding farms were established there. Red Rock Farm  in Westwold is the oldest operating Thoroughbred Farm in B.C. Its  history extends well over one hundred years. The Kamloops  Sentinel in 1881 listed the following horse breeders who had  imported Eastern horses for breeding: Messrs. Guischon,  Gilmore, Hamilton, Moore and Michle. The Guischon brothers  imported Percheron horses from France and during World War I  exported Percherons back to France for the War.  Some of the early Thoroughbred Horse Breeders were H.E.  Talbot from Red Rock Farm, Dr. L.H. Appleby of the Running  Horse Ranch, Irving and Edwards of the Edwards Ranch and Fred  Day of Noble Creek Ranch.    The first Thoroughbred stallion,  ohs 167 horses in B.C'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  Prince Rudolph, went to Mallowmot Stud in Sidney B.C. in 1899.  Broxa, foaled in 1918, was an Irish import. He was one of the first  Thoroughbred stallions to stand in the Interior at Red Rock Farm.  The Oldest Sport  America's first organized sport was horse racing. It was held  on Long Island, New York in 1665. British Columbia's first racecourse was established in 1858 in Beacon Hill Park in Victoria. All  early racetracks in Victoria disappeared into parks or shopping  centers as did the earliest Vancouver tracks. Hastings Park which  began at East Park in 1888 is the only one still operating. Kin Race  Track, just outside Priest Valley in Vernon, began when Cornelius  O'Keefe purchased the acreage for a racetrack in 1883.  Cornelius  O'Keefe formed a  committee from the  forty citizens of  Priest Valley and outlying areas to organize horse racing  with all-night dances  in the local hotel  along with other  sporting events on  the same weekend.  It became the largest  social event in the  small town. The year     ,.__  _r  ,___ -,  . .i-i        1955 - Transport to shows. (Courtesy the author)  1893 was historically i        r  .......   j  significant for the racetrack, as a joint stock company was formed  to operate the racetrack and to raise money for the improvements  and purchase of the track from Cornelius O'Keefe. In that year,  the Vernon Jockey Club was granted a charter to hold parimutual  racing. Trotting, flat and hurdle races were all part of the racing  program for the next decade. The first race meets were held in  conjunction with agricultural fairs. Stampedes became a part of  the racetrack celebrations and they continued with various organizers for approximately fifty years.  The Kinsmen took control of the Jockey Club in the 1930's by  buying the Jockey Club shares of the deceased members. At this  time, the racetrack became 'Kin Race Track'. In the early sixties,  a group of race horse enthusiasts led by Gil Seabrook and Bea  Anderson rescued the Vernon Agricultural Society. Many  Okanagan Horsemen's Association members joined the  Agricultural Society and began the revitalization of Kin Race Track.  168 ohs HORSES in b.cs interior - A HISTORY  The next thirty years were successful. Record purses and  betting days were recorded and horse shows and charities were  sponsored. The money earned was returned to the Vernon and  District Agricultural Society to improve the Track property. In  1964 the Kinsmen and The Jockey Club gave the Track to the City  of Vernon. The race track had changed owners many times since  Cornelius O'Keefe sold it to the Vernon Jockey Club. There was  always one condition of sale: that the track would be cared for  and grounds and buildings maintained. The Vernon and District  Agricultural Society, with a bond of forty years, has added  improvements worth over a million dollars. In 2001, a riding ring  120 x 440 feet was added to the infield and the Society planned to  develop the Track as a full Equestrian Centre. A race meet is still  held at Kin Race Track through July and part of August. Kin Race  Track has been recognized as the oldest operating racetrack in  Canada, having had racing days almost continuously since 1885.  A picture of this track is displayed on a mural at the entrance of  Woodbine Race Track in Ontario.  The Sport of Horsemanship  The history of equestrian events in the Okanagan has  always been entwined with the Vernon Race Track. The same  persons have supported racing, polo, horse shows and gymkanas.  An article in the 1946  Vernon News gives  an interesting history  of many of our original horsemen.  The love of a  good horse seemed  strongest among  those who came to  the Vernon district  from England. In  1912 several of them  banded together to  form a Polo Club.  The Hon. Michael  Howard who lived in  the Coldstream had  learned   the    game  Paddy Cameron in front of Vernon Riding Club, 1950. while  Serving in the  (Courtesy the author) British     Army     in  India.    Capt. E.M. Wilmot and his two sons E.S. Wilmot and  Tommy Wilmot organized a team, which competed with polo  ohs 169 HORSES in B.C'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  clubs from Kelowna and Kamloops. When the Great War came,  the club broke up in the middle of a tournament as players went  to join the Armed Forces. Not until 1932 did some of the old faithfuls gather together again to revive this sport of horsemanship in  Vernon. This group formed the Vernon and District Riding Club  along with other familiar names: Claude Husband, Maj. Grieve,  W.T. Cameron, Violet and Una Osborn and Mrs. P. Locke. They  held gymkanas in what became McDonald Park. In 1934 Tommy  Wilmot was responsible for securing three couples of hounds from  New York State. The organization then became known as the  Vernon and District Drag Hounds. Simulating the English Hunt,  a scent was drawn over the countryside for the hounds to follow.  Chases were held in the Coldstream, on the Commonage and  around Goose Lake.  Notes from the 1946 Vernon News article include this item:  Mrs. Locke once broke two ribs in a fall but got back on her horse  and rode home. Miss Lydia Bishop was thrown on a barbed wire  fence and sustained severe cuts on her back when her mount  shied from the jump. Bert Ellison and Jack Staimer were the original Whippers-in who did a fine job of training the hounds. In the  spring of 1940 the Club was forced to discontinue its activities.  The army was taking over the land on which they had followed  their peaceful sports and riders were learning more deadly arts.  Vernon District Riding Club  The Vernon District Riding Club was revived in 1943 and  became what is known as the present Vernon District Riding Club.  Hal Symonds was elected new President and Miss Phyllis French  became the first Secretary. The Club sponsored its first horse  show at Kin Race Track in 1944. It also sponsored race meets and  held gymkhana events in the infield between races. The reorganized Club started with twenty members. Eventually, with more  members it raised funds and purchased the present site on  Aberdeen Road from Hal Symonds.  Fun and social activities were the early focus of the new  Club. Overnight rides with bonfires and sleeping bags close to the  horses, songs late into the night and spring Easter egg hunts on  Middleton Mountain are some of the happy memories, which are  still fresh in the minds of those who were there. A large Junior  Club was formed and Mada Rendell and June Osborn dropped  long trails of paper bits over the Coldstream Ranch for the riders  to follow. These youngsters came back with stories of being  chased by a bear, rattlesnakes on the trail and jumping over an  exposed bomb, which turned out to be still 'live'.  Some of those juniors have become senior members of the  170 ohs HORSES IN B.C.'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  Club and now are putting their children on ponies to experience  the same joy. The present Vernon and District Riding Club has  many third and fourth generation families as members.  The Military Horse  The role of the Military horse in Vernon is not as well known  as the other equestrian activities. In 1900 Inspector Wilson from  the North West Mounted Police visited Vernon and selected fifteen men as volunteers for service in the Strathcona Horse Unit.  These men were horsemen from the area and were chosen  from ninety-eight volunteers. In 1902 the shores of Okanagan  Lake, now Kin Beach, was the site of the first Cavalry training  camp in British Columbia. In 1908 a squadron of Okanagan  Mounted Rifles was headquartered in Vernon. In 1914 British  Columbia answered the call for volunteers for World War I and the  B.C. Horse Camp at Vernon was expanded. Squadrons were also  stationed at Armstrong, Lumby, Kamloops and Merritt.  As the Great War progressed the population of the Service  Men camped on the hill was at times more than double that of the  small town below. Many men and horses went overseas for World  War I. Before 1914 the British Army had just over 20,000 horses.  During the first three years of World War I conflict, it was necessary to purchase over one million animals. Never before had men  and animals been required to  perform in such a wilderness, a hell on earth, (from  The Military Horse) In earlier years, men and horses  were shipped to South  Africa's Boer War. The  British concentrated on  building up a strong force of  Cavalry on good quality animals and developed a guerrilla style of fighting that  emulated that of the Boers.  They were then able to bring  the Boers into submission.  The Vernon Race Track  stabled horses for the  Military and manoeuvres  were practised there. George  Pearkes  from  the   R.C.M.P.  became the Company Rough    June Osborn (left) and Mada Rendell (right) on  Rider.        He    Started   horses    new club horses. (Courtesy the author)  OHS 171 HORSES IN B.C'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  Riding clu  b dire<  torate ncrtch^-^fT^J&  •he term used bv  rive eight directors were named In  the above photo.  chairmat:   RttSS  .•   e sor the camera, inc. t!  e left front row:  •a! meeting held  as to review the  ecutive Heading  LaLonde.   June   Dsborn.    Irem  Katam    Sally  from the left:  - 1 i    PostiM  nson and i jrol   Tipler   Rear rovi  n who was unop  (illlTk  il Symonds. Mr.  <\ named to kev  Svmoj  ids. by Ihe way is a life member  hissing from the  esident and Mrs.  photo  !!.*!■.•• '•' .)<■(! Dunn   !'    liwa w  dub secretary is  ■    '  vet *a  be fiU*s  Vernon News article. (Courtesy the author)  under saddle. He became a Major General in World War II and  later Lieutenant Governor in B.C. The Okanagan Squadron composed of many local cowboys and horsemen was very respected  in the Military service.  The role of the horse in Vernon's history is an important part  of local tradition. Vernon had many firsts in its development. Kin  Race Track is the oldest operating racetrack in Canada. Vernon  had the first Military horse camp in B.C. The Drag Hounds were  believed to be the only pack hunting in Western Canada.  The Industry  In 1998 the British Columbia Ministry of Agriculture and  Food completed a survey of the British Columbia horse industry.  It was found that there were 23,000 horses in the Okanagan. The  cost per horse was estimated at $4,000. for maintenance only.  This cost did not include expenses for breeding, training, racing,  172 ohs HORSES IN B.C'S INTERIOR - A HISTORY  showing or transportation. The maintenance costs represented a  ninety-two million dollar industry in the Okanagan. There were  11,000 full-time horse-related jobs created in British Columbia.  The British Columbia Horse Council membership is required for  people who exhibit in horse shows. In 1998 there were 4500 members in the Thompson-Okanagan area. This number does not  include horsepersons who are only in the horse racing industry.  The Heritage  I hope because of Kin Race Track's history of holding equestrian events and the present growing popularity of equine sports  that Kin Race Track will live up to its heritage and become a full  equestrian center again.  I would like to end with an echo from an unknown writer  from long ago:  Where in this world can man find such mobility without pride?  Where can one find such friendship without envy,  Such beauty without vanity?  Here - where grace is laced with muscle, and strength  By gentleness confined.  He serves without servility.  He has fought without enmity.  There is nothing more powerful; nothing less violent;  Nothing so quick and nothing so patient.  Our past has been borne upon his back.  We are his heirs.  He is our inheritance.  Ladies and Gentlemen: - the Horse I  ohs 173 A Retrospective:  RCSCC Revenge 1927-82  by David Snyder  A cadet corps is a mysterious, sensitive, curious creation with  all the strengths and weaknesses of discipline and adolescence. A Corps does not cope well with change, confusion  or inconsistency; it needs to be commanded with passion and  craft. Cadets want purposeful structure which makes the world  simple. If well-led it will thrive, and for decades Sea Cadets not  only thrived but also dominated the cadets world in Penticton.  Royal Canadian Sea Cadets have paraded in the Okanagan  Valley for over seventy-five years. Evolving from the Boys' Naval  Brigade of Canada, Navy League Sea Cadets were funded by the  Department of the Militia. The Penticton Corps took its name  from that famous Elizabethan ship which Lord Tennyson immortalized in a ballad, The Revenge. The Kelowna Sea Cadet Corps  Grenville was named after Sir Richard Grenville, who commanded The Revenge, that brave ship that challenged fifty-three  Spanish warships in 1592, in Flores in the Azores.  Formed in 1927, RCSCC Revenge paraded sixty to seventy  boys weekly in the old pre-war Armoury during the 1930's and  1940's, when Penticton had fewer than eight thousand people.  During the war years when every high school boy was a cadet  (girls did Red Cross work), Sea Cadets took a leadership role at  school and in the community. Throughout the 1930's and 1940's,  from May to October, cadets spent as much time learning the  practical skills of seamanship at the boathouse and on the water,  as they did on the drill dock of the old Armoury.  One hundred and ninety-seven Penticton Sea Cadets joined  the services. When a cadet joined the navy, and ninety did, the  corps gave that young man a grand sendoff by parading at the  train station.  D.B.J. Snyder AdeC commanded RCSCC Revenge from 1972-75, served as a  Regimental Officer with the British Columbia Dragoons from 1975-87, commanded 788 BCD Army Cadet Corps from 1994 -1998, spent thirty years  before the class in Penticton Secondary School and served five Lt. Governors  as an Aide de Camp for the South Okanagan. He is a Charter Member of the  Thompson-Okanagan United Empire Loyalist Association. This article is a  survey of his fourth published work, A History of a Cadet Corps.  174 ohs A RETROSPECTIVE: RCSCC REVENGE 1927-82  Penticton Sea Cadet Band, c. 1940. Wally Mattock, left - middle row. (Courtesy the author)  After the war, with the availability of boats and various training aids, Penticton Sea Cadets were blessed with officers who had  highly-developed small boat skills. In the 1960's Lt.'s Johnson,  Burt and Stromgren- each commanded the corps-loved sailing and  made their own boats available for corps training. Captain Ed  Lansdell CD, too, shared his boat and GG Hendrie, retired Lt.-  Comdr USN- each commanded the corps in the 1970's- loved to  take their cadets on weekend exercises on Okanagan Lake and to  the coast for a sail up the inside passage to Powell River.  During the golden age of cadets, (late 1950's-70's) one of the  unique aspects of being a Penticton cadet was the healthy in-corps  rivalry. Each May a Tri-service Cadet Weekend would be hosted  and an average of one hundred and fifty cadets would participate.  It began with a Drum-head Church Service, followed by an afternoon of competitive sports where the emphasis was on team  work, not individual prowess, then a Legion Banquet and, in the  early evening, a traditional inspection followed by Guard  Mounting and Drill competition. And the competition was fierce!  Army Cadets had a pipe band and C Sqn. BCD support; Air Cadets  had a Brylcreme tradition to uphold and Sea Cadets, sporting  mint-white webbing upon blue serge with caps as white as the driven snow, represented four hundred years of Senior Service tradition. When Sea Cadets marched into the Memorial Arena, the  guard with bayonets heavenward, and the band, the drums beat-  ohs 175 A RETROSPECTIVE: RCSCC REVENGE 1927-82  M  j->^  ^f ^f f!*Pv? *f|l  '^iiii^  RCSCC Revenge - Penticton, 1964-65. Officers L-R: Sub. Lt. G. Seiben, Lt. G. Bull, Lt. Bill  Johnson CO, Lt. N. Stromgren. (Courtesy the author)  ing, bugles blaring, the corps was like the aircraft carrier,  Magnificent.  A cadet corps flourishes because of dedicated, knowledgeable officers, a challenging training program and well-led cadets.  Lt. Pete Loveridge,CO 1927-42 and Lt. Cmdr. Wally Mattock CO  1942-59, gave yeoman service during the first three decades of the  corps. After the war, with a constant source of experienced  RCNVR veterans, Revenge was a tour-de-force in the cadet world.  Under Don Coleman's command, the corps was awarded the best  corps in the province in 1962. What an accomplishment in the  golden era of cadets!  For decades, RCSCC Revenge was the alpha-male of cadet  corps in the Valley, offering boys 14 to 18 (and Navy League  cadets, boys 10 to 13) a naval tradition of seamanship, range, drill,  band, communication and citizenship. At annual inspection 1972,  Revenge paraded one hundred cadets- thirty sea cadets (ages 14  to 18), twenty wrenettes ( ages 14 to 18) and fifty Navy League  cadets ( ages 10 to 13).  The corps folded in 1982 because of failed community support, little guidance from the Sea Cadet Office in Victoria, and  responsibility overload, which swamped the inexperienced  Commanding Officer, a recent high school graduate working his  first job.  To be a cadet can be a socially magical experience, and Sea  Cadets had a tradition which brought generations of Penticton  boys tribal comfort. Over the decades, hundreds and hundreds of  Penticton boys wore a naval uniform. When a boy dressed in  naval rig, he was a better, more mature, more confident young  176 ohs A RETROSPECTIVE: RCSCC REVENGE 1927-82  man. There was perfection in a mint-white gunshirt, quality in a  razored, ridged collar, responsible action in a pair of mirrored  boots. And after "Ten Seconds-to-Sunset Sir," after the white  ensign had descended and, as the last bugle drifted into silence,  oh...what pride!  Over twenty years have passed since Sea Cadets paraded in  the South Okanagan. Three distinguished Naval Officers first wore  a naval uniform in Penticton: Cmdr. Bruce Melville CD,  Commodore Ian Morrow CD and Admiral Richard Leir CD. As  fundamental as picking cherries or apples, as swimming in  Okanagan Lake or climbing Munson Mountain, growing up in the  South Okanagan was defined for generations of boys (and one  generation of girls) by the customs, traditions and experience of  Royal Canadian Sea Cadet Corps Revenge.  Annual inspection, 1976 - Capt. Harry Wilkins (right) accompanied by Guard Petty Officer  Andrew Mayes. (Courtesy the author)  ohs 177 Penticton Retirement Centre  Tune-agers  by Vivien Browne  As a newcomer to the valley, in 1993, and a seasoned, though  reluctant orchestral player, I was very excited to be introduced to Eva Cleland, the inspiration and backbone of  music in the South Okanagan. Eva told me I must meet Bev and  George Gay, who were deeply involved in supporting and promoting all forms of music endeavour in the Penticton area, as well  as being active members of 'The Penticton Retirement Centre  Tune-agers.' (What were Tune-agers?) As we all lived in Penticton,  the tea party was set, and my life would never be the same again!  Like Eva, Bev and George proved to be enthusiastic and  incredibly passionate about the development of good music in the  valley, particularly the south end. I could see the brain wheels  turning, as they realized I was in a perfect situation to benefit  from joining the Tune-agers, as well as The Tune-agers benefiting  from my years of orchestral playing. Before I could blink or  protest, I found myself ensconced in a chair at the Penticton  Retirement Centre on the following day, violin in hand!  My thirty-five years of music had not prepared me for the  experience that awaited me; to walk into a rehearsal of the Tune-  agers was to walk into a world of magic. I was introduced to the  choir director and founder, Helene Scott, a dynamic, enthusiastic,  kindly person, who immediately made me feel I was special. As  Helene moved forward to the conductor's music stand, I automatically raised my violin, with my bow at the ready. For the next  ten minutes I was immersed in a group discussion of how each  absent member was progressing, where help was needed, who  would appreciate being visited or phoned, with the enthusiastic  rendition of 'Happy Birthday' (to those, standing, whose birthday  was that week,) rounding out the preliminaries. I was then introduced, to great clapping and stamping, and, red faced, I was  launched as a Tune-ager!  Vivien Browne is a graduate of the Guildhall School of Music, London  University, England. She spent thirty-five years practising music therapy,  teaching violin and piano, and performing as a soloist, string quartet player  and orchestral player. At present, she is a full-time organic berry farmer in  the Vaseaux Lake area and a fledgling artist.  178 ohs PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  I gradually  learned to relinquish my feelings  about orchestras,  as I experienced  Helene's brilliance in melding  the group into a  loving, supportive musical entity. We were an  incredibly  diverse group of  Male corps of the Ballet Hoos about to be drowned in "Swan a D O U l       eignty  Lake". (Courtesy the author) members,     some  were ex-professional musicians, some experienced amateurs, and  some less experienced. The orchestra was, perhaps, one quarter  of the group, the choir being the usual four divisions of sopranos,  altos, tenors and basses. The common ground was that everyone  was a retiree of some sort, from fifty-five to about ninety- two  years, including Helene.  The music chosen for the practice was as diverse as the people, from songs from the shows of the past fifty years, well- known  secular and religious songs, Negro Spirituals, orchestral numbers,  solos, newly- created skits and a favourite finale, 'Battle Hymn of  the Republic', dramatically orchestrated by our local musician and  teacher, Larry Crawford. Wow! The first half of the rehearsal  completed, we all moved to the coffee area, a precious part of  every Tune-agers rehearsal.  The break was as fascinating as the rehearsal; I met ex-musicians, doctors, lawyers, schoolteachers, accountants, nurses, secretaries, an osteopath, an entomologist, a welder and a school  principal. How could they look so young and be so vibrant, caring, and humorous, when I discovered how many serious health  problems many of them had? They were all dressed colorfully,  smart clothes, nicely styled hair, and oh, were they enthusiastic  about their Helene and their Tune-agers!  At the second rehearsal Helene presented me with a copy  of the beautiful book about the Tune-agers, entitled In Close  Harmony, written by Ruth McVeigh, as well as a copy of the second Tune-agers' audiotape. As I gradually made my way through  the story of the Tune-agers over the next few days, I was  absolutely amazed at their accomplishments, and from such  small beginnings.  ohs 179 PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  In 1969 Delia Volden, of the Recreation Commission for  Penticton, asked Helene if she would sing for a group of seniors  who met at the annex of St. Saviour's Church once a week. Delia  and the Social Service Committee of the church were concerned  that Penticton was experiencing a large influx of seniors, but the  city had very few activities for them, once they became citizens.  Ill health and loneliness were great problems. After the initial  concert, Helene encouraged participation, picking humorous  ways to divide the group into sections.   Soon a few instruments  P.R.C. Tune-agers in the lower rotunda of the British Columbia Legislature - Victoria, 1982.  (Courtesy the author)  joined the group, then more and more, and the Tune-agers was  born! The first concert under that name took place in April 1970,  with choir, instrumental players and local classical pianist,  Madame Orbeliani, a Russian princess, as guest artist, (ninety-five  years old at the time.)  From the early years, the spring concert became a regular  fixture on the calendar, and can still be enjoyed today. My first  experience of the annual concert was as an orchestral member at  the Cleland Theatre in 1993. I was, like all the ladies, dressed in  a simple princess-style gown, with a floating lace poncho; the  men were in gray pants and smart maroon jackets. Soon the show  was underway. I listened with awe, as I realized how incredibly  accomplished Helene was as Master of Ceremonies, with her  180 ohs PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  quick wit, perfect timing, and an amazing rapport with the audience. Her obvious love and pride in we Tune-agers helped every  one of us to give absolutely everything we had.  As always, the programme included humorous musical  skits. I have to admit that of all the many times I have played the  music for 'Swan Lake', I have never before missed a violin entry,  sitting in quiet hysterics, watching four men of over eighty years  old, decked out in tutus and runners, prancing and twirling, pretending to fall, and generally enjoying themselves as the audience  cried with laughter! The grand finale, Sound of Music medley,  with its incredible orchestration by local arranger, Larry  Crawford, brought the audience to its feet, and the concert ended  with an encore!  The members of Tune-agers have experienced some very  exciting and special concerts during their history. The invitation,  in 1974, to perform at the Expo World Fair, in Spokane, was one of  their greatest thrills, as was the 1975 taping of a TV segment on  the CBC Tommy Common Show entitled It's A Musical World,  later aired on national television. The Third Annual Festival of  Song and Sound, in 1976, hosted by the Tune-agers, which included six visiting choirs from Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Calgary, Vernon  and Edmonton was an enormous success. Helene conducted the  465 strong choir finale at the Peach Bowl, which I gather, was  quite a momentous occasion.  Following the announcement by the Provincial Secretary,  Evan Wolfe, in 1982, that the Tune-agers were to receive a lottery  grant of $1,600, the Tune-agers were invited to perform in the  lower rotunda of the Parliament Buildings in Victoria. The concert  was followed by the presentation, by the Tune-agers, of a beautiful box of Okanagan apples.  Further concerts took the Tune-agers to Vancouver in 1986,  for an Expo performance at the Plaza of Nations, and in the following year, Helene was invited to solo in the national anthem,  standing next to the Prime Minister, Brian Mulroney, in Delta. At  a later reception at the Delta Hotel, a double four-part chorus  from Tune-agers sang 'O Canada', honouring the Prime Minister.  From very early on in their history, the Tune-agers have  taken their talents to people less fortunate than themselves, the  scope being as big as their hearts. For every one concert in a public venue, Tune-agers have performed tenfold in hospitals,  schools, retirement facilities and even mental institutions, following which, all performers and support helpers have closely interacted with the members of the audiences. I have witnessed tears,  smiles, hand clasps, laughter and thanks, as the after concert gath-  OHS 181 PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  erings took place; unconditional love was offered to all, whether  able bodied, people confined to wheelchairs, seniors with dementia, or people with psychological problems.  From the inception of the group, Helene's approach has  always been one of respecting and treasuring people, using music  as the medium. Speaking to her recently, she reminded me that  her philosophy was always that "an active senior is a happier  senior". She also confided that she has always prayed that she  would receive guidance, and has asked to be used as a channel for  God's will. During the 1980's, one accomplished new member  asked Helene why she didn't cut out the 'dead wood', in order to  improve the musical level. Helene quickly explained that he had  mistaken the whole concept of the group; everyone in the group  gave everything he or she could, and that was all she had, and  ever would, expect.  As the years passed by, each year was highlighted with a trip  within Canada, or, on several occasions, to another country. The  first trip took the Tune-agers to Vancouver, Nanaimo and Victoria,  in April 1974. Further tours took the Tune-agers to the Kootenays,  Saskatchewan (Helene's home town, Salcoats,) the Maritimes, a  Caribbean cruise (performing on board ship,) two cruises to  Alaska, (also performances on board), Soap Lake, Washington, the  Okanagan and Kamloops, and in 1988, a six day trip to Squamish,  North Vancouver, Richmond, White Rock, Port Coquitlam and  Maple Ridge, to name but a few!  Perhaps the most amazing aspect of the Penticton  Retirement Centre Tune-agers is the incredible ripple effect that  has been felt within, and well beyond, the shores of Canada. The  life-changing therapeutic philosophy that the Tune-agers has  injected into societies within Penticton, across Canada, and as far  afield as Hawaii and Britain, is something that sets it apart from  most other musical groups.  In 1983 the Tune-agers undertook a momentous concert tour  in Hawaii, where they performed at five geriatric centres. One of  the centres, the Lunalilo Home for Elderly Hawaiians, left an  indelible mark on Helene. She well remembers the sinking feeling she experienced as the Tuneagers entered the building. What  she saw were limp and crumpled bodies in wheelchairs, whose  lives revolved around meals, television and bed. The ensuing  concert is well documented, Helene's comments being, "The  limp, crumpled bodies straightened imperceptibly; there seemed  to be a light kindled in the eyes of many, and broad smiles of  appreciation on others; and the Tune-agers were glowing like red-  hot coals!"   Following the concert reception, the Administrator,  182 ohs PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  Marianna Klimenko, followed the Tune-agers to the bus, where  she spoke with anxiety about her placid and listless patients, with  few desires; her enthusiasm for what the Tune-agers were doing  was boundless. During the next few years, Marianna Klimenko  and Helene were in close contact, as Helene and the Workshop  Committee of the Tune-agers relayed all manner of advice on how  to instigate a programme of activities for the Hawaiian residents.  In February 1991, the Tune-agers, by request, returned to  Hawaii for another concert tour, one stop being the same facility,  the Lunalilo Home. As the Tune-agers were led on a tour of the  home, the Administrator, Marianna Klimenko, showed with pride,  the vast array of activities now available to the residents, from  square dancing, to arts and crafts, plus more. She told Helene,  "The new programmes have brought life into their lives and purpose to their days."  A further life-changing incident happened on the same tour,  during the Tune-agers concert at the State Hospital in Oahu. Some  audience members were patients from the Psych.Ward, including  a man giggling and causing a disturbance in the front row of the  auditorium. When Helene (Divine guidance?) quickly introduced  'God Bless America,' in order to make time for a dressing room  change, she observed the giggly man singing with a beautiful  voice, quickly brought him on stage, and allowed him to solo, with  the choir accompanying him. His excitement afterwards, and  pride in what he had achieved was so obvious that he was barely  able to contain himself for the remainder of the programme.  Later, at the instigation of Helene, a collection was taken among  the Tune-agers, with the intent that the man be able to take  singing lessons.  During the 1987 three week trip to Britain, the Tune-agers  performed in Liverpool, and members were introduced to Mary  Thomas, an Age Concern executive, who was amazed at the  health, happiness, vitality and achievements of our Canadian  seniors. In April of the following year, Mary Thomas became a  guest of Helene Scott in Penticton, in order to undertake an  assessment of the Penticton Retirement Centre's programmes and  fund-raising policies. Mary's life mission became the desire to  replicate the Penticton complex concept in her own home city,  Liverpool. In a heart-wrenching speech at a potluck dinner in her  honour, she spoke of 160,000 citizens of over sixty years old, at  subsistence level, in a badly depressed area of Liverpool, with no  retirement expectations. During her stay, Helene and the  Workshop Committee of the Tune-agers spent time with her, leading her through their well thought -out presentation on the setting  up   of activity  programmes,   particularly  music  programmes.  ohs 183 PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  Combining this with her research on the whole Retirement  Centre Complex, she was able to return to her home city with a  blue print for her mission.  Sadly, the day came that Helene felt she must make her exit  from the Tune-agers. Following a large, warm and loving reception at the Penticton Retirement Centre, where gratitude for her  achievements was expressed by everyone from the mayor outwards, Helene has settled into an extremely busy life of looking  after others, in every way imaginable. The Tune-agers are now in  the talented and capable hands of Patti Craig, and the group is  evolving yet again.  How, in a few pages, can one ever translate into words the  magic effects of the Tune-agers? How can one explain the metamorphosis in one's own soul? The Penticton Retirement Centre  Tune-agers is not just a group of retirees, who travel and perform  throughout Canada and into the farther reaches of the world. It is  a loving, evolving organism that promotes healing. It heals those  who participate, those who sit and listen, and those who are  touched by the caring, fun-loving hand of the group. To introduce  the name of any one of the many, many participants and helpers,  would be to leave out others. There are those who have been  incredible musicians, but just as many have been talented and  brilliant in their own individual ways. The patient, loving and  kind librarians, backstage dressers, etc.are just as much a precious  part of the organic whole, as the people we see on the platforms.  I deeply treasure the years I experienced with the Tune-agers and  count so many of them, years later, as my special friends.  184 ohs PENTICTON RETIREMENT CENTRE TUNE-AGERS  ft        1          *          *          *      £          1}                                     ^    ■  TM fc«.        ^TMf              *S|            ' *w              V^Sfe* T    aHk        :9k_ ■        ^^d^^ -       ^ip*  1  A   1   Jjp *   •  Tune-agers 1997 Picutre - left to right:  Bottom row: Hazel McMahon, Emily Mayhew, Bev Gay, Barbara Smith, Dorothy Britt, Jean  Kinder, Lucille Routley, Joan Cooper, Eileen Swanson, Irene Fountain, Win Stephens, Gwen  March - accompaniest, Helene Scott - music director.  2nd row: Patti Craig - assistant music director, May Whyte, John Dyer, Franz Sochor, Ian  MacDougall, Frank O'Connell, Stewart Sanborn, Echo Lidster, Hazel Hanson, Dorothy  Morgan, Lena Barr, Grace McVeigh, Marian Reed.  3rd row: Roy Routley, Cee Morgan, Cee Holmes, Stan Yuckin, Dianne Fasshauer, Lou Sharkey,  Lee Morrison, Jean Sherwood, Barb Cowan, Pauline Hare, Marjory Ferguson, Kathy Nelson.  4th row: Les Roberts, Bert Huggins, Jim Hare, Hugh Barr, George Gay, Pixie Marriott,  Elizabeth Moodie, Dorris Huggins, Elain Marsh.  5th row: Bill Glass, Jud Courtney, Roger Kinder, John Allinger, Harold Thorsteinson, Earl  Harrison, Joe Morrison, Jack Walker.  Ovals: Vivien Browne, Wen Witherly, Denis Carroll, Donna Halverson, Dick Erickson, Betty  and Joe Southerden, Jeannie Herdman, Donna Schellenberg.  Missing: Claire Bateman, Evelyn Flint, Dannie Bright, Millie Kunka, Barbara Eddy, Steve  Moodie, and new members Jean and Howard Duncan, Margaret Hamerston, Annabelle and  Don Redman, Dennis and Dorothy Kohn.  (Courtesy the author)  ohs 185 FAMILY OHRON CLES  The H.H. (Harry) Johnson  Family  by Clare (Johnson) Smith  In 1885, Harry Johnson was born in Knowle, near Birmingham,  England. He had two brothers and four sisters. His father had  a shop in Birmingham where he made sporting guns with  Damascus barrels. Harry also became a gunsmith, and worked at  Lewis Gunworks.  Harry played the organ at St. Giles Church in Packwood, and  enjoyed playing cricket for the Warwickshire Cricket Club. He  was a member of The Forest of Arden Football Team, which won  the Kincaid Smith award in 1912.  In 1914, two days after the First World War started, he and  Agnes Mary Keyte were married. Agnes was the youngest in a  family of five sons and five daughters, and lived in Wooton-  Wawen, two miles from Henley-in-Arden where Harry then lived.  At this time Harry was a dispatch rider in the army, driving a  motorcycle with sidecar. It wasn't long before he was transferred  to Birmingham Small Arms to do the job he knew best - making  guns.  After the war, Harry returned to Henley-in-Arden, about ten  miles from Stratford-on-Avon in Warwickshire, where he had a  garage business. He also supplied taxi service and repaired guns.  The home of Harry and Agnes was next door to the garage.  In 1924, Harry left for Canada and obtained a homestead at  Clute, near Cochrane in Northern Ontario. At this time they had  four little girls - Monica, Clare, Dorothy and Patricia. After adding  an extra room to the log house, he sent for his family.  In June of 1925, Agnes and the girls were driven by an uncle  to Liverpool, and on June 25, boarded the T.S.S. Letitia (used as a  hospital ship during World War Two), for the voyage to Canada.  Clare (Johnson) Smith, the daughter of Harry and Agnes Johnson, was born  in Henley-in-Arden, England. In 1925 she came with her family to Clute,  Ontario. In 1926 the family moved to Vancouver, and in 1928 to Kelowna,  where she has lived ever since. In 1941 she took a business course at  Herbert's Business College, and has worked in various businesses using her  secretarial skills. In 1970 Clare was married to Charlie Smith. Presently, she  lives on Saucier Avenue.  186 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  Johnson's Gun Shop and Garage at Henley-in-Arden in England, c. late 1910's, early 1920's.  (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  Clare continues: On the way to Quebec, where we disembarked, I remember that we saw an iceberg. It must have been  quite a shock to our Mom to see her new home in the bush, when  she'd left a brick house with lawn, garden and tennis court in  England. Dad had planted vegetables, strawberries and flowers to  welcome us.  Dad helped to build the school in Clute, and worked there,  as well as being a trustee. The school was not only a place for  learning but also was the gathering place for dances, whist drives,  etc. On these occasions all the family attended, and the children  either played or slept. Dad also worked on the road with horses  and a two-handled tool like a big shovel, called a slip. He and  Monica, the eldest daughter, who was ten years old at the time,  walked the seventeen miles to Cochrane to purchase the horses  and a small wagon. On the way home one of the horses got stuck  in the muskeg. Monica held the one horse while Dad and another chap got the other horse free. Our family had the two horses,  a cow and chickens, and grew grain and hay. There was not much  land cleared, and the growing season in northern Ontario is quite  short.  One winter was enough for the family!  October of 1926 saw us travelling across Canada to  Vancouver, riding in Colony railway cars, where you ate what you  brought along. It was an interesting way to travel. Mom said that  both on the boat and on the train I experienced motion sickness,  and so I didn't eat much.  In Vancouver, Dad again had a service station, called Rapid  Service, and Mom did washing for people. Monica and I attended  Carleton, St. Patrick's and Sir Richard McBride Schools, according  ohs 187 THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  to where the family was living. Dad played cricket - mostly at  Brockton Point - and the family usually accompanied him. In the  summer, English Bay, Kitsilano and Stanley Park were favourite  spots, while Hastings Park was visited once in a while for midway  rides. Occasionally on Saturdays we attended Windsor Theatre,  for the price of ten cents.  In 1928, Dad  moved to Kelowna  and rented a service station from  Manley Byrns,  who was leasing  it from Jim  Campbell. When  the rest of the  family arrived,  we lived for a  while in the quarters behind the  service station,  which was situated near what is  now McDonald's  Restaurant,  across from Orchard Park Shopping Center. Bekins, a moving  business still in operation out of Vancouver, moved the family  possessions from Vancouver to Kelowna.  In January 1929, Henry, the first son, was born. Soon after,  the family moved to what was known as the Old Barlee House,  across from the Mike Johnson farm on the Barlee Stretch. It was  situated quite a long way in from the road.  Dad purchased land from Jim and Joe Murray near the  Leslie Dilworth Farm and near Dry Creek, behind what is now  Don Folk Chev-Olds, facing Vernon Road (then the main highway). On this land he built a garage and service station and called  it Johnson's Garage. He sold gas, repaired cars, and also rifles and  shotguns for individuals, as well as the sporting businesses of  Spurriers and Treadgolds. Dad used Delco lights at the garage,  while at home we had coal oil lamps. The garage was the meeting place for young chaps like Arthur (Skinny) Peterman, Archie  Hardy, Clare Dilworth and others. Nearly every evening Dad  played crib with one of the fellows.  Fishing and hunting were activities that Dad enjoyed, and  he was sometimes accompanied by Jack McLeod, Archie Hardy,  Monica, Mother Agnes Johnson, Dorothy, Patricia, Clare.  Homestead at Clute, Ontario, c. 1925. (Courtesy Clare (Johnson)  Smith)  188 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  Back Row: Mother Agnes Johnson, Dorothy,  Clare, Patricia. Front Row: Henry, Jeff, John.  Benvoulin Church Manse, c. early 1930's.  (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  Harry Gervers or others. On  some of his earlier trips he tried  a little gold panning. Most  Sundays in summer he played  cricket, and was a good left-  handed bowler, and a pretty  good batsman. All the family  accompanied him to these  games, either in Kelowna or in  other towns. Some of the cricketers I remember are: Carl  Agar, Bill Bredin, Doug Carr-  Hilton, Ted Matthews, Frank  Mortimer, J.V Ablett, Steve  Temple, N.H. Caesar, Harold  Verity, Jack Kitson and Harry  Blakeborough. According to Art  Peterman, Dad also played tennis very well and seemed to win  most of the games. Of course,  when we were in England, we  had the tennis court.  We girls attended Benvoulin School, a one-room, eight-grade  school. The first teacher we had was Elizabeth Fisher, and then  Norma Marie Schroeder. The teachers generally boarded at the  Clarence Burtch home near the corner of Benvoulin and Vernon  Roads. The older boys took turns cutting wood, getting it in and  stocking the big stove - all for fifteen cents a day. The girls swept,  cleaned boards, dusted, etc., for ten cents a day. Each would have  the job for a month.  Many people wouldn't care for an eight-grade, one-room  school, but I believe it served me well. In later years, I found that  I could understand, and concentrate, even if several things were  going on at the same time!  In the summer, swimming in Mission Creek and climbing  Dilworth Mountain were favourite pastimes, and the teachers  joined in quite often. They also took us to try panning for gold in  the creek, which wasn't too far from the school. In the winter, the  young people would skate on the creek or just enjoy a large bonfire. The Christmas Concerts were always well attended, and the  singing, acting and recitations were enjoyed by all. The two big  school get-togethers were track meets and music festivals. There  was always much rivalry between the rural schools in these two  competitions, especially with Mission Creek School.  ohs 189 THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  When the second room was built onto the Benvoulin School,  Myra Winifred Lang taught grades one to four, while Ted Gleave  taught grades five to eight. After Miss Lang left, Miss Moore  taught grades one to four.  About 1930, we moved to the Benvoulin Church Manse. The  Church Minister, Reverend McMillan, held services at both  Rutland and Benvoulin Churches, and he lived at the Rutland  Church Manse. The kitchen, dining room and living room were  on the bottom floor, and upstairs there were two bedrooms. A  large verandah wrapped around the north and west sides of the  house, and in the summer we slept there, since it was cooler.  There was a water pump not far from the back door, and a root  house that we seldom used. Out back were a large garage shed  and also a woodshed, where the outhouse was located. Behind  that, Mom had a chicken run, and we also had rabbits.  We girls did the sweeping and dusting at the church. In the  big section behind the church, the Alex Reid family grew corn.  We grew vegetables and flowers, and there was an apple tree on  the north side of the house.  Harry Johnson with Prince at Johnson's Service Station and Garage, corner of Benvoulin and  Vernon Roads, c. 1930's - 1940's. (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  In September of 1931 our brother, John, was born at the Manse.  Mr. and Mrs. Thornton looked after us and slept in their van.  Everywhere we went - to school, church, and the lake or  creek, we usually walked, until Mother got a bike and we all  learned to ride. In the winter our dog, Prince, would pull the  sleigh and we'd take dinner in a lard pail to Dad at the garage. Of  course, if Prince saw a cat we might end up in the ditch.  Early on, Dad played the organ at St. Michael and All Angels  Church. We didn't attend Benvoulin Church but were included in  190 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  many of their activities. As youngsters, we were very much interested in the old organ there. In 1952, when Reverend Crysdale  was the minister, Dad played the organ for services at the  Benvoulin Church. He also sang in the Kelowna First United  Church Choir. Ernie Burnett, a well-known Kelowna singer, told  me they sang together.  When teacher Ted Gleave of Benvoulin School married Kay  Smith, who was a member of the Smith Garage family, Alma  Mayer and I were chosen to buy them a gift. It was February and  we walked to town from the Manse. Alma lived just a little north  on Benvoulin Road. I don't remember what gift we got, but do  remember how cold I was when I got home, and spent a lot of  time beside the front room heater.  As our youngest brother, Jeff, was born on October 31, 1934,  Hallowe'en was spent at our house to celebrate his birthday, with  many friends, fireworks, food and fun. Previously we had spent  Hallowe'en at Lewis and Edith Marshall's, as their daughter,  Maureen's birthday was on that day. Our home was the meeting  place for many of our school friends, and our mother used to  invite some of them for Sunday supper.  On Good Friday, as well as at other times, we took a lunch  and climbed up Dilworth Mountain. We usually climbed to the  top, and also visited the Kelowna Cemetery at the base of the  mountain. On the way down we would pick yellowbells and soldier caps (shooting stars). This tradition lasted many years, as our  mother, brothers and sisters, and even grandchildren accompanied us. We continued hikes up Dilworth Mountain until the  property we crossed was sold and hikers weren't welcome.  In the 1930's, there was an infantile paralysis (polio) scare,  and a Preventorium was set up near the golf club for patients. In  1935 there was a measles epidemic and a quarantine was put on  all families who had someone who contracted the measles.  Although I didn't get the measles, I had to stay home as the rest  of the family were all infected. The school nurse was Ann  Grindon and the doctor was Doctor Ootmar. Staying home for a  month in grade eight wasn't good, as high school entrance exams  were held in June. I also had another setback earlier when we  came from Vancouver to Benvoulin School. I had passed into  grade three but at Benvoulin School there was nobody else in  grade three, and so I was put in grade two.  When the main highway was changed to where it is now, my  father, Harry Johnson, built another service station and garage at  the corner of Benvoulin and Vernon Road (where Toyota was recently).   He then built a house on Dilworth Road (as it was renamed  OHS 191 THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  H.H. (Harry) and Agnes Johnson. Dahlia Display at Vernon Flower Show, c.  1950's. (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  from Vernon Road), where his previous garage had been. We moved  there from the Benvoulin Church Manse about 1936. I remember  when we were living on Dilworth Road, one winter we had to melt  snow for water as the cold weather had frozen the well water.  When our Dad was away, fishing or hunting, or to the yearly  Cricket Week in Vancouver, Monica or I tended the station - pumping and serving gas, adding oil, etc. At the time, Ivor Newman  drove the Shell Gas truck. Quite recently a chap came along and  said to me:  "I remember you putting gas in my Dad's car."  In 1940, Monica, Dorothy and I joined the Red Cross Corps -  later changed to the B.C. Women's Service Corps. Dad was with  the Rocky Mountain Rangers (Rutland, Ellison unit) of the Pacific  Coast Militia Rangers, from 1943 to 1945. Monica was married to  Harold Hardy, and Dorothy was married to Wally Bennett in 1943,  and so they did not continue with the Red Cross Corps. The members did a lot of drilling in the Armory. We had courses in First  Aid, Home Nursing, Motor Mechanics, and Economics, part of  which consisted of cooking, etc., for canteens, and clerical duties  at the Junior High School.  Henry, John and Jeff went to Benvoulin School. Later on,  Henry and John participated in War Canoe races in Kelowna and  other towns. Jeff played hockey for the Kelowna rural hockey team.  About 1949, Dad sold Johnson's Garage and purchased a  house on the highway from Ada Murray (daughter of Jim Murray,  192 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  who sold him the land where Dad had built Johnson's Garage in  1929). He then transformed the house he had built on Dilworth  Road into a greenhouse. The greenhouse was well-used. Dad had  always grown flowers, and so when he retired from the garage  business, he went into dahlia growing. For quite a few years,  there were about five acres of various varieties and colours of  dahlias to greet the motorists as they drove by. Mother enjoyed  meeting her many friends in the garden. Dad usually had a big  display at various flower shows in the valley. He sold dahlia  tubers in Canada, United States and Europe, especially England.  At Thanksgiving, if there had been no frost, he enjoyed giving  flowers to people who came by.  Although busy, Dad had a little more time to go fishing,  which he enjoyed, and the boys were willing companions even  when they were little. He had a cabin at Trapper (James) Lake,  and so he usually went there, although he also fished in other  regions. I remember going with him one time, and even though  it was pouring rain, I caught fish, one after the other. The only  thing was, I wouldn't put worms on the hook, or remove the fish!  Jack Huston, who lived in the area of Trapper Lake, went with  him sometimes. Brother John told me that at one time Dad took  Bing Crosby and Lon Chaney fishing. I didn't really believe him  until I saw a piece in the Courier (in the section called "50 Years  Ago") that Lon Chaney had come to Kelowna. On February 18,  1995 on the 6:15 news, Squire Barnes (Global TV) said that Bob  Hope and Bing Crosby used to come to Vancouver to go fishing.  In 1950, I sent our Mother to England so she could visit with  her family whom she hadn't seen for twenty-five years. They certainly all enjoyed seeing one another. I went over to England in  1953 for Queen Elizabeth IPs Coronation, which I'll always  remember. Of course, I visited all the family, and even went to  Paris to visit family there. I have been three times since, once  with Audrey McFarlane, once with Monica, and the last time I  went alone. All the rest of the Family except Dad and Henry have  been over - some more than once.  MONICA worked for the Pritchards at Westbank, packed  fruit for the Pridhams, Kelowna Growers' Exchange, Keremeos Coop., Charlie Oliver in Okanagan Falls and for McLean &  Fitzpatrick Ltd. in Rutland. Her husband, Harold, was a logger.  They had four sons - Herb, David, Alan and Leonard, and two  daughters - Mary and Kathy. Harold died a few years ago and  Monica died on August 8, 2002.  I, CLARE, sorted apples for three seasons at the Kelowna  Growers' Exchange in Kelowna before taking a business course at  ohs 193 THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  Johnson Siblings: Monican Hardy, Clare Smith, Dorothy Bennett, Patricia Lowen, Henry  Johnson, John Johnson, Jeffrey Johnson. Dorothy and Wally Bennett's 50th Wedding  Anniversary, 1993. (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  Herbert's Business College in 1941. Near the end of the course,  six of us were asked to answer an advertisement by McLean &  Fitzpatrick Ltd. in Rutland for a secretary. I was lucky to get the  job. I worked as general secretary until 1956, when I became the  shipper until 1972 (thirty-one years altogether for McLean &  Fitzpatrick). I also did first aid for the company during this time.  Mostly I worked in the Rutland plant, except for two weeks in  1943 when Elaine Curbishley of Oliver and I exchanged homes, as  Doc Fitzpatrick wanted us both to know the workings at both  plants. I also spent two months in Oliver again and stayed with  Elaine and family. From 1950 to 1952, I again worked in Oliver.  R.E. (Bud) Fitzpatrick was manager there, and so I did meet Ross  Fitzpatrick and his sister. Bud Lewis and Walter Mclvor (who,  with his family, had lived in Kelowna), as well as Art Peterman  and others were also in Oliver. When Walter Mclvor started working for Manufacturer's Life Insurance he wanted me to do some  typing for him, and so I bought my first typewriter. Wherever I  was working, I never worked just an eight or nine-hour day. I  stayed until I was finished.  In 1970, Charlie Smith, who worked at B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd.,  and I were married. Charlie had one daughter, Marlene, whose  mother had died in 1969. I worked from 1980 to 1985 for Central  Electric Motor Rewind. Charlie retired from B.C. Tree Fruits in  1979, and then also worked for Central Electric until 1985.  I joined the Order of The Royal Purple in 1962, and I also  belong to the Okanagan Historical Society, Kelowna Branch, as  well as the Heritage Society and the Military Museum Society. I  volunteer at the Blood Donor Clinic.  194 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  DOROTHY started out doing household work and caring for  children. For a time, she looked after the Pridham children -  Rodney and Veronica. She then worked as a telephone operator,  and also for McLean & Fitzpatrick Ltd. as a checker. In 1943, she  married Wally Bennett. At that time he was farming, but later  went into heavy machinery work - R & E Enterprises. He was  Kelowna's Mayor in 1974 and 1975. They have two sons - Bob and  Ted, and one daughter - Lynn.  PATRICIA (PADDY) first worked as a teller at the Bank of  Montreal and then went into nurses training at the Royal Jubilee  Hospital in Victoria. She graduated in 1946 and worked for a year  at the Kelowna General Hospital before moving to Winnipeg, and  then to Abbotsford. In 1949 Paddy and Bill Lowen were married  and moved to Belleville, Ontario, where Bill managed Lon's Stone  Works (manufacturing grave monuments), a family business. They  moved to Red Deer, Alberta, in 1963 to manage another branch of  the company. Paddy worked for twenty years in the Recovery  Room of the Red Deer Regional Hospital, retiring in 1989, after  which they moved to Chemainus on Vancouver Island. They have  four sons - Don, Steve, Thomas and Jim.  Bill died in 1999.  HENRY worked for Wally Bennett (farming) in 1948-1949  and also for Harold Hardy (logging) and Doug Durnin in the bush  in Kamloops. In 1950, he was employed in Prince George building a radar station, and worked there for two and one-half years.  One summer he worked on the Hart Highway between Prince  George and Dawson Creek, south of Chetwynd. In the fall of  1952, he worked at Penny Spruce Mill in Penny, B.C. (ninety  miles east of Prince George), as well as in McBride. There was no  road west of Penny, and so he had to go by train. In 1954, he  worked for Chic Barlee (building houses), and in the late spring  started working for Bill Cameron at Central Tractor. He continued  there for eleven years. Henry and Doris Dulik, a school teacher,  were married in 1962. From 1964 to 1966, he worked for Bert  Cooper Tractor, and then moved to Cookson Motors, where he  continued working until 1993. Henry is president of the Antique  Tractor Club. He and Doris had three sons and two daughters -  Tim, Ken, David, Sheila and Kathy.  David died in 1981.  JOHN worked at the Palace Meat Market, Arena Motors,  Northway Service, Barlee and Ferris Construction, Cascade Co-op  (where he made boxes and bins), and the Sun-Rype Plant. He  then began as a firefighter for the Kelowna Fire Department,  where he worked for thirty-one years. When he retired, he was  Assistant Chief. John belongs to Rotary. John and Carol Wilson  were married in 1954, and they have a son, Bruce, and two daughters, Valerie and Terri-Lynn.  Carol worked in Dr. Newby's Dental  ohs 195 THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  Office.  She does excellent crafts, sewing and quilting.  JEFFREY went into the R.C.A.F. and was stationed at  Namao, Alberta. While there, he learned the electrical trade.  After leaving the air force, he worked for Westinghouse and  Wertinen Electric in Edmonton. Jeff and Irene Brandon of  Edmonton were married in 1958. They moved to Nanaimo, B.C.,  where Jeff worked for Westinghouse, and their two daughters,  Diane and Brenda, were born there. When Jeff brought the family to Kelowna, he worked for Kelowna Industrial Electric before  starting his own business, Central Electric Motor Rewind, in 1980.  Henry and I helped in the start-up. Irene worked for Sears, and  is still doing so as of March 2003. When Jeff retired, he sold the  business to Diane's husband, Jeff Nelson. He still works there  sometimes, and also volunteers at the hospital. Jeff is a model airplane builder and belongs to that club.  HARRY H. JOHNSON died in 1962.  AGNES MARY JOHNSON was quite depressed when Dad  died, and so she moved to the David Lloyd Jones Home, where  she lived for fifteen years. The staff were very nice, and she liked  to join in the many activities.   I visited there often.   In 1977, she  H.H. (Harry) and Agnes Johnson. (Courtesy Clare (Johnson) Smith)  196 ohs THE H.H. (HARRY) JOHNSON FAMILY  was moved to Strathcona Manor, as Cottonwoods Extended Care  was then named. Every Monday and Wednesday, Pauline Senger  would play the piano and her husband, Louis, would play the  drums, and along with three or four singers entertained the residents. As I visited my mother fairly often, I was able to join in the  singing and continued entertaining there for twenty years.  Previous to this, we had gone to various nursing homes to entertain.  Mother died in 1979.  Regarding singing, my husband, Charlie, could play any  instrument by ear, and so even in the car, if I were driving, he  would play the mouth organ and I would sing. Charlie died on  August 8, 1993.  ADDENDUM  Family activities remembered:  In the early years, we used to go to the Aquatic for the  Regatta, and also to the Stampedes. In the winter, sometimes we  would walk up to the golf course to go skating or sliding. I used  to go to the Kelowna Packers Hockey games and belonged to the  Booster Club with the players' wives.  I had the family house on the highway moved to Asher Road  in Rutland, and lived there until 1970, when Charlie and I were  married. While living there, I went to many of the Rutland baseball games.  ohs 197 The Reids of Benvoulin  by Chelta E.A. Snowsell (nee Reid)  One hundred years have passed since Alex and Jemima Reid  set foot on their farm on Byrns Road in Benvoulin. Due to  Alex's poor health, the doctor in Morris, Manitoba, advised  him to move to a warmer climate. He had rheumatism and took  treatment at Halcyon Hot Springs, north of Nakusp, British  Columbia, and decided then to move to British Columbia.  The Reids had been well-established in Morris. Alex had a  thriving blacksmith business. Jemima had taught school. They  owned the shop and two houses. He was on the town council,  enjoyed curling, and when the Red River flooded, made rowboats.  All this was sold or packed up, to start life over in British  Columbia. Margareta (Reta), the eldest often children wrote later,  that in July 1903, "Father met us at Sicamous. We rode the train  to Vernon, then took the S.S. Aberdeen to Kelowna. We drove  southeast for three miles in a rig, to a plain unpainted two-story  house in the bush. We were home." Nelson (third child), four  weeks old, had passed away.  The area named Benvoulin boasted a hotel, store, blacksmith shop, livery barn, school, flour mill and Presbyterian  Church on Benvoulin Road. This area had been surveyed for a  town site. Instead, due to the steamboats on Okanagan Lake, the  new town of Kelowna was established on its shores.  Neighbours, the Munsons, Days and Pattersons, were kind to  the new farmer and his family. They lent them a team of horses  and some implements, and advice. "You will starve on that land,  Alex," one neighbour said. Munson and Day descendants still  farm on Byrns Road.  Alex purchased horses, cows, pigs and chickens the following year. He gradually cleared the land. It was swampy and had  to be underdrained. Jemima named their farm "Hazel Dell" after  Chelta Snowsell was born in 1910 in Kelowna to Alex and Jemima Reid, pioneers in the Benvoulin area. She received her schooling in Kelowna, and  went on to Vancouver in 1929 to take her nurse's training. In 1933 she married Frank Snowsell (member of a pioneer family from Glenmore), a teacher,  and they lived in various towns in British Columbia, retiring to Kelowna in  1970. They lived on the Reid family farm for the next twenty years, until moving to a condo. Frank passed away in 2003. They had five children (two of  whom are deceased), six grandchildren and five great grandchildren.  198 ohs THE REIDS OF BENVOULIN  the many Hazelnut  trees in the woods.  Alex sold stove  wood to the town  folk. Jemima fed  the chickens and  the family with  produce from her  kitchen garden.  Soon there were  eggs, cream and  butter enough to  sell. Kelowna was  a close market for  products. By 1906  prizes were won  at the Kelowna  Exhibition for vegetables, fruit, baking    and    butter.  Jemima and Alexander Reid. (Courtesy the author) Later,      tons     Of  tomatoes, onions, cucumbers and apples were hauled by wagon to  the packinghouse and canneries in Kelowna.  In 1914 World War I broke out. The young men signed up  for duty overseas. Charles (second child) enlisted and spent four  years in France and Germany as a dispatcher and came home  safely. The young women filled the gap on the home front.  Isabel (fourth child) became Alex's best helper. She would drive  a load of produce to the packinghouse, then spend the day in high  school. Alex, driving a second wagon, would bring her outfit  home in tandem. The market was good as every bit of food was  needed overseas and at training camps in Canada. J.A.K. (fifth  child), fed up with farming, worked on the S.S. Sicamous.  Hazel Dell was a mixed farm. The Reids had a big herd of  milk cows, three teams of horses, riding horses, hay crops, pigs,  chickens, fruits and vegetables. It was rich soil and Alex bragged  he could grow three crops of hay a year on some of the land.  The Japanese sharecropped on a lot of the farms. They  were hard working, honest, grew beautiful produce, and were  good friends. Some of the family names were Tamaki, Shirai,  Naka and Mori.  Alex did blacksmithing for the neighbours. He shod his  own horses and also the neighbours' horses, and mended  machinery.   "He could mend anything," Jemima was heard to  ohs 199 THE REIDS OF BENVOULIN  The Reid Family in 1910. Charles Edward, Iola Minerva Ruthea, Alexander (father),  Marguereta Alistine, Violet Isabell Jane, Jemima Jane (mother), Chelta Euphemia Aldrich,  James Alexander Keith, Wilber Harold Ian (in front). (Courtesy the author)  say, "I'll never get anything new." The barter system was used  among the neighbours.  Running water was a blessing in the house, dairy and barn.  A big supply tank was placed in the attic and a pressure pump to  a well was used to fill it. If anyone was sassy or used a bad word,  it was "fifty strokes on the pump handle." Later in 1928, electricity was added. The family also got a telephone, electric pump,  washing machine, flushing toilet, tractor and car.  A smoke house to cure meat, and an ice house were filled  each winter. All the family had chores and could milk the  cows, hoe the garden, help with the haying (filling the silos was  a big job) and do household chores. There was always school  homework, too. On weekends there were house parties,  dances, skating parties, box socials, masquerades, beach parties, picnics and hikes.  Sunday was a day of rest. Shoes and clothes and food were  prepared on Saturday. Alex said the horses also needed a rest,  and no work, aside from chores, was done. All the family attended the church and Sunday school on Benvoulin Road. Alex was  Superintendent of the Sunday school and Jemima taught a class.  They were also board members of the church. One of the special  treats on Sunday was homemade ice cream, all taking a turn on  the handle.  Alex and Jemima were  very  community-minded.  They  200 ohs THE REIDS OF BENVOULIN  encouraged the Parent Teachers Association, Farmers Meetings  and Ladies Aid. The Reids also shared their fresh produce with  the Kelowna General Hospital.  In 1937 the big six-bedroom house burnt to the ground.  There was no fire  hydrant or fire  brigade in the  country area. The  neighbours spotted it and came by  the dozens to help  and most everything was saved.  Thelma (ninth  child) suffered the  biggest loss. Her  bedroom was first  to burn with all  her possessions.  She was teaching  at Mission Creek  School at the time.  A new home was  built by Patterson  & Black. The clan  loved Hazel Dell  and came home to  visit as often as  they could. Alex and Jemima celebrated their fiftieth and sixtieth  wedding anniversaries in the garden.  Alex and Jemima at first refused the Seniors Pension. They  had always saved a bit and felt they could manage. We were all  taught to save for a rainy day and not to buy anything until we had  the money in our pocket.  There were many happy times at Hazel Dell, some very,  very sad times, and lots of good memories.  Alex Reid passed away at age ninety-two on December 16,  1953. Jemima passed away at age ninety-five on June 25, 1967.  The inscription on their headstone reads "Called to Higher  Service."  The tenth child, George, and his wife, Ella (nee Archibald),  owned Hazel Dell after Alex and Jemima died. Now grandson  Allen and Wendy Reid are operating it as a fruit farm.  Still living children of Alex and Jemima Reid are - Ruthea,  Reid home on Byrns Road, Kelowna, BC. Destroyed by fire in  1937. (Courtesy the author)  ohs 201 THE REIDS OF BENVOULIN  age ninety-eight (sixth child) who lives in Alberta; Wilbur, age  ninety-six (seventh child) and Chelta, age ninety-four (eighth  child) both live in Kelowna.  A cousin gathering to celebrate the 100th anniversary of the  Reid Farm was held in July 2003. More than seventy family members came from Montreal to Victoria and celebrated at Reid Hall.  (After the death of Alex Reid, on the suggestion of his wife,  Jemima, the Benvoulin Church Hall was dedicated by the congregation to his memory.)  Aerial photo of Hazel Dell - the Reid farm, 1961. (Courtesy the author)  202 ohs NEW BOOKS Of INTEREST  New Books of Interest to  Our Readers  Sawdust Caesars by Denis Marshall published by the  Salmon Arm Branch, O.H.S. Explores origin of Shuswap area forest industry and traces careers of some of its larger-than-life characters. The Genelle Family, railway builder William MacKenzie,  "Big Mike" Carlin and lumber giant S.H. Bowman are some of the  featured players.  Orders: c/o #33- 1120 12th Street NE, Salmon Arm, B.C. VIE  1B8 Cost: $22.95 plus $3.00 postage and handling  Pull Up A Chair. Memories of Old-timers from  Armstrong Spallumcheen by Shirley Campbell. Six men and  one woman recount tales about growing up in or near the area  known as Armstrong Spallumcheen. The storytellers are a sample  of the numbers who built this community.  Orders: the Enderby and District Museum, the Armstrong  Spallumcheen Museum and Art Gallery, the Vernon  Museum and from Trafford Publishing, Victoria.  Our Fair: The Interior Provincial Exhibition. Its First  100 years by Shirley Campbell, published by the Armstrong  Spallumcheen Museum and Arts Society. This book received the  Heritage Society of B.C. Award for Heritage Conservation.  Orders: Armstrong Spallumcheen Museum and Arts Society  asmas@telus.net Cost: $20 now on sale $12  Historic Spallumcheen and Its Road Names by Elaine  Brown,   Nancy  Lowry  & Kathy  Schultz,  published by the  Armstrong Spallumcheen Museum and Arts Society.  Orders: asmas@telus.net Cost: $6.95 now on sale $4.  The Brick School-Armstrong Spallumcheen  Consolidated School. Armstrong Elementary School. 1920-  2003 by Jillian Gagnon, Tara Holliday, Alyssa Kritsch, Kari  Madsen & Olivia Nowek, published by the Armstrong  Elementary Parent Advisory Committee.  Orders: asmas@telus.net Cost: $5.  Forever Pioneers by Edie (Postill) Cole. A romance, a  quarrel and a hasty decision combined- these three events create  an exciting story. Fiction based on the factual history of the Postill  family, one of the first and largest ranchers in the Okanagan  Valley in 1872.  Orders: Mrs. Cole- 1-403-948-9403 Cost: $18 plus $2.50  Postage and Handling  ohs 203 NEW BOOKS OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS  A History of a Cadet Corps by D.G.J. Snyder. A history  of the Penticton Corps of the Royal Canadian Sea Cadets, which  took the name "Revenge" from an early Elizabethan ship.  Orders: Penticton Museum Cost: $8  Gardening In The Dry Interior. Edited by Anne Ginns.  A complete guide to dry land gardening in B.C.'s Interior, with  chapters written by various authors.  Orders: Penticton Museum Cost: $19.95  I'm A Bit Hard of Hearing by Dorothy Smuin. A humourous  account of family life and the author's pioneering father, who was  the centre of it.  Orders: Penticton Museum   Cost: $15  And Then The Wheel came off- And Other Adventures  From Way Back When by Dorothy Smuin.  This is a trip down  memory lane with the author.  Orders: Penticton Museum Cost $15  The British Garden of Eden by Paul M. Koroscil. A settlement history of the Okanagan Valley and how the Irish, Scots  and English established development in the Valley between 1860's  and the 1920's.  Orders: Penticton Museum Cost: $24.95 (soft cover)  British Columbia: A Natural History. Revised and  Updated by Richard and Sydney Cannings. A revision of the  first edition award winner, it describes the natural history of B.C.  by ecological region, including the marine world, forests, grasslands and wetlands. Other topics include the devastating fires of  2003, avalanches, salmon farms, the water crisis and climate  change.  Orders: Greystone Books Cost: $39.95  Firestorm. The Summer B.C. Burned, edited by Ross  Freake and Don Plant. This coffee- table picture book chronicles  the most destructive and devastating fires in Canadian history.  The fires forced the evacuation of 50,000 people, claimed three  lives, 334 homes, ten businesses and a quarter of a million trees.  A sequel: Stories From The Firestorm is being written.  Orders: (hard cover) Mosaic Books, Kelowna Museum,  Chapters  The Okanagan Firestorm of  2003 by Helen Wyatt. The  book consists of photographs and text about the 2003 B.C. Forest  Fires.  Orders: Mosaic Books (soft cover) Cost: $24.95  Okanagan Mountain Fire: A Time of Unity Story  Writer- April Crawford Brown, Editor and Designer: Andrew  Millar. This book consists of many photographs and text about the  204 ohs NEW BOOKS OF INTEREST TO OUR READERS  Okanagan Mountain Park Fire.  Orders: Save-on Foods Cost: (hard cover) $44.95  Wildfire by Charles Anderson and Lori Culbert. The  book consists of text and images of the 2003 B.C. wildfires.  Orders: Chapters, Mosaic Books  Rufus. the Firehouse Dog by Elizabeth Lycar. A delightful  child's book  about the  firehall  and  firemen  fighting the  Okanagan Mountain Park Fire.  Cost: (soft cover) $ 7.95  As the Fire Raged VIDEO by Dave and Sharla. 14 minutes of spectacular footage of Okanagan Mountain Fire.  Orders: Mosaic Books Cost: $15.99  Boards. Boxes and Bins by Sharron Simpson. The story  of her grandfather and his company, Stanley M. Simpson Ltd., and  the Okanagan Lumber Industry.  Orders: Kelowna Museum Cost: (soft cover) $29.99  Kettle Valley Railway Mileboards by Joe Smuin. An historical Field Guide to the Kettle Valley Railway.  Orders: Kelowna Museum, Save-On Foods Cost $39.95  Lilies    and    Fireweed-Frontier    Women    of   British  Columbia by Stephen Hume. This is a book about the instrumental role aboriginal and pioneer women played in the making  of British Columbia.  Orders: Save-On Foods Cost: (soft cover) $19.95  Our History. Our Heritage by the Kelowna Branch,  Okanagan Historical Society. This book is a collection of one  hundred historical stories, which were submitted by the Kelowna  Branch OHS and printed in The Kelowna Daily Courier from  1994 to 2003. Approximately 200 pictures, many of them never  published before, illustrate the stories. It will be available in  December, 2004, in celebration of Kelowna's Centennial year.  Orders: You may pre-order the book by calling Vivian  Hamanishi at (250) 862-8841 or Bob Hayes at (250) 763-  8859. Cost: (soft cover) $20.  ohs 205 WELL-EARNED ACCOLADES  Well-Earned Accolades for  Jessie Ann Gamble  Last year, 2003, Life Member of the OHS, Jessie Ann Gamble  was honoured for her work in her community of Armstrong  Spallumcheen by being chosen Citizen of the Year. Following  is the Editorial by J.H. Jamieson of the Armstrong Advertiser  telling of the esteem in which she is held by her community.  Ed. Note: Also, is added the esteem in which she is held by the Okanagan  Historical Society for her many years of dedication to our society.  Deserved Recognition  We can think of no better choice for this year's  Citizen of the Year for Armstrong and Spallumcheen  than Jessie Ann Gamble. It is an honor she richly  deserves.  Eldest daughter of hardware merchant, Charlie  Shepherd, he and his wife Verna raised two daughters in  Armstrong. Throughout her school years, Jessie Ann  excelled in sports, particularly badminton, was a member of the Teen Town square dance team and was a natural leader amongst her peers. She went on to university and became a teacher at Clearwater, Enderby and  finally Armstrong. Together with her husband, Len,  they raised three children.  But most of her life has been spent in the  Armstrong and Enderby areas where she became an  avid student of local history. Jessie Ann carried this into  her classroom and library, igniting similar interest in  her young students. Having been raised in this area, she  seemed to absorb facts and information about the early  years- the people, the politics, the commerce and social  life- and soon became "the source" if anybody wanted to  know the history about the area or somebody to substantiate information. Jessie Ann was the person to  contact. If she didn't know, she found out and got back  to you.  Over the years, many of us in the information  business have found Jessie Ann a willing and helping  206 ohs WELL-EARNED ACCOLADES FOR JESSIE ANN GAMBLE  "living book" for information we sought. She was always  able to step in and assist and became a trusted friend to  many. We feel honoured to have known her for more  than 50 years.  The announcement of the committee's selection  was made Friday. Jessie Ann Gamble joins many others  from this community who have received the same distinction, Armstrong Spallumcheen's Good Citizen of the  Year.  Congratulations. The community will have an  opportunity to officially congratulate her at the July 1  celebrations at Armstrong Spallumcheen Memorial  Park.  Thanks to J.H. Jamieson for permission to reprint his editorial  and also to Mary Ellison Bailey for sending the information.  Jessie Ann (centre) receives her award. Left: Mayor Will Hansma, Right: Mayor  Jerry Oglow. (Courtesy J.H. Jamieson of the Armstrong Advertiser)  ohs 207 LIVES REMEMBERED  Indicates Member of the Society  ANDERSON, Erik Enfrid (b) Chase, February 22, 1915, (d) Salmon Arm, September  3, 2003. Survivedby wife Irene, daughters Lynda Anderson, Ann Opheim, Judi Anderson,  Karen Anderson, Gail Anderson- Dargatz. Known for his quiet wisdom and humour, he  spent much of his time in the B.C. mountains and forests, as farmer, horse logger and  sheep shearer. Known as the last of the sheep trekkers, the Andersons continued to move  through the Interior with their flock and packhorses until the early 1960's. Erik Anderson  co-authored A History of the North Okanagan.  ANGUS, Alvin James William (d) Kelowna, September 9, 2003 at the age of eighty-  nine years. Survived by wife, Katherine Louise (nee Lightly). He brought Black Knight  Cable Television to Kelowna.  APPLETON, Win (Winnifred) (nee Lines).(b)Virden, Manitoba, 1912, (d) Kelowna,  August 26, 2003. Survived by husband, Don. Together with a partner, she started La Vogue  Beauty Bar in 1944 and was involved in the Salon until 1973.  BEESTON, Frances M. (b) October 17, 1920, (d) Kelowna, October 10, 2003. She  was a long- time resident of Kelowna, and spent nearly twenty years in the administration  department of Kelowna General Hospital, retiring in 1982.  BENNETT, Wallace (Wally) See Tribute p. 82.  BILLICK, Alexander, (b) Sandy Lake, Manitoba, 1919, (d) Vernon, January 3, 2003.  Survived by wife Olga, daughters Elizabeth Binette, Chilliwack and Alexandra (Johnnie)  Wityshyn, Edson, Alberta and by three brothers: Peter. Paul, William and sister Anne (Bill)  Loshney and extended family members. Predeceased by parents and siblings Steve,  Michael, Marie, Lenore and Rose and granddaughter Cathryn. Alexander was a veteran of  World War II and a resident of the Vernon area since 1926. He was an employee of the  Canadian Pacific Railway for several years and later was employed by the Carpenters  Union until his retirement.  <$]IE» BLACKBURN, Mary Helene Esma (nee Barton). See Tribute p. 84.  BLACKE, Helen Marion (nee Yochim) (b) Portland, Oregon, May 24, 1927. (d)  January 26, 2004. Predeceased by husband Ed, who was Chief of the Okanagan Mission  Volunteer Fire Department in the early 1960's. She moved with her family to Kelowna  about 1930. She held a variety of jobs, but was best known as a cashier at Apsey's Store.  BONIFACE, Agnes Elizabeth "Toots" (nee Kirschner) (b) Kelowna May 20, 1928, (d)  January 9, 2004. Predeceased by husband Earl. She was born and raised in Kelowna.  BOOTH, Margaret Evelyn, (b) New Westminster, November 16, 1919, (d) Salmon  Arm, August 22, 2003. Predeceasedby husband Allen in 1983. Survivedby son Don, daughter Barbara MacLeod. As the eldest of five children born to United Church minister Victor  Sansum, she spent her early years at Kispiox and Port Simpson and came to Salmon Arm  in 1938. She graduated from Royal Jubilee Hospital as a RN and joined the staff of Salmon  Arm's hospital shortly after. In addition to an eventful nursing career, she worked side-by-  side with her husband in A.D. Booth Trucking Ltd. as well as helping to look after the family orchards. Her many outside interests included the Salmon Arm Museum and the  Okanagan Historical Society.  BOSS, Lydia Doris (nee Penner). See Tribute p. 133.  «§&£> BRENT, Harriet ( nee Morgan), (b) England, March 30, 1910, (d) Summerland,  January 25, 2003. Survived by son George. Predeceased by husband Sandy and son Kenny.  Came to Canada in 1912, later to Nickel Plate with brother Bill in early 1930's where she  married Sandy Brent.  BROWN, Alice (nee Dickinson, (b) near Neilburg, Sask. June 28, 1910, (d)  Armstrong, April 18, 2003. Predeceased by husband Bill in 1967. Survived by son Albert  and daughter Shirley Gerlib. Alice moved to their farm north of Armstrong with her husband and two small children in 1944. The Browns raised prize-winning Holstein cattle and  were strong supporters of the Interior Provincial Exhibition. Alice's wonderful pie making  skills helped St. James Anglican Church in its fund raising efforts.  BROWNE-CLAYTON, Robert (Bob) (b) 1917.(d) September 5, 2003. Survived by wife  Patricia. He served with the Princess Patricia's in WWII, was an MLA for the Okanagan and  208 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  worked as a farmer in Okanagan Mission until joining S.M. Simpson, retiring from Crown  Zellerbach in 1977.  Bob was a great outdoorsman with a love for nature and wildlife.  BURNETT, Ernest Arthur James. See Tribute p. 74.  CAMPBELL, Florence Naoma (b) Clemens, Alberta, September 14, 1915 (d) Salmon  Arm, October 30, 2003. Predeceased by husband Neil in 2000. Survived by sons James,  Murray, Maynard, daughters Christina Norris, Caroline Stickle. Her family moved to  Yankee Flats in 1930 and she spent much of her life in Silver Creek, actively contributing  to community and church affairs.  43S^ CANNINGS, Stephen Robert. See Tribute p. 54.  CAPOZZI, Tom. See Tribute p. 77.  CARLSON, Mary Elizabeth (nee Dixon), (b) Winnipeg, Manitoba, May 2, 1909, (d)  Enderby, November 3, 2003. Predeceased by husbands Gordon Hassard and Ben Carlson,  son Earl Hassard, brothers Harold and Jack, sisters Grace and Margaret. Survived by  daughter Wendy, brothers Art and Earl. Mary was a Life Member of the United Church  Women and of Rebekah Lodge #44.  4SE& LIFE MEMBER-CASORSO, Victor Raymond "Vic". See Tribute p. 67.  CHRISTENSEN, Violet Thurza (nee Marven) (b) Vernon, September 25, 1916,  (d)Vernon, 25 November 2003. Predeceasedby husband Leyden (1992) and son Eric Michael  (1945). Survivedby three sons: Kenneth (Wendy), Donald (Claire), Rodney (Dianne), nine  grandchildren and many great grandchildren. She is also survived by sister Joan (Cliff)  Taylor, two sisters-in-law and one brother-in-law. She and her husband were very active  members of the Okanagan Historical Society. They both belonged to pioneer families.  CHURCHILL, M. Arnold. See Tribute p. 135.  CHUTSKOFF, George.(d) Kelowna, April 3, 2004 at the age of eighty-two. Survived  by wife Florence. He came to Kelowna from Saskatchewan in 1946. He was a contractor  and later went into farming in the Rutland area.  CLARK, Peter Malcolm, (b) Ladner, May 27, 1921,(d) Enderby, March 27, 2004.  Survived by daughters Juanita and Carman, sons Kirk and Bill, sister Grace, stepbrothers  Laurie and Jack, stepsister Helen. Peter played professional lacrosse with the Westminster  Adanac. He moved to Enderby in 1958 where he worked at Smith Sawmill and Fletcher  Challenge. He coached hockey and lacrosse and served on Enderby City Council for four  years.  nausp CLARKE, John Kenneth Maconochie (b) Kelowna (North Glenmore) June  24,1930,(d) Kelowna, August 30, 2003. Survivedby wife Joyce. A long time Kelowna resident, he was a 2nd generation pioneer orchardist in the Glenmore Valley. He was a trustee  with the Glenmore Irrigation District from 1960 to 1972 and was instrumental in the construction of the Glenmore Reservoir System. Ken also served as a Director within the valley's fruit industry from 1960 to 1980, serving B.C. Orchards, Kelowna Growers' Exchange  Packing Houses and B.C. Tree Fruits Ltd.  CLEMENT, Charles James (Jim), (b) Kelowna, March 20, 1920, (d) Burnaby,  December 10, 2003. Survived by wife Rena. Born to the pioneer Kelowna family of Charles  and Alice Clement, Jim was a pastor, social worker and school administrator.  COOPER, Jack, (d) Kelowna, April 24, 2004 at the age of sixty-eight. Survived by  wife Mary. He worked for building supply companies, and later as a lift span operator on  the Okanagan Lake Bridge. Cooper Road is named for his family.  COUSINS, Verne Milton (b) August 30, 1913 (d) Kamloops, July 15, 2003. Survived  by wife Joan. His lifetime work was with Fletcher Challenge, Life Member of the OAPO,  Charter Member of the Peachland Lions Club, recipient of many citations for his community work in Peachland, including the Freedom of the Municipality of Peachland. Verne  and his eight brothers had one of the only family baseball teams in the Okanagan.  DAY, Agnes (nee Seddon) (b) England, (d) Kelowna, June 22, 2003. Survived by  Arthur, her husband of sixty-three years. Agnes came from England to the Okanagan with  her family in 1913. The family settled on an orchard in East Kelowna where she spent her  youth. Their old house still stands (2003) near Dunster Road.  DAY, Kenneth Bertram. See Tribute p. 139.  DEARING, Alan Edward (b) Salmon Arm, November 4, 1930 (d) Salmon Arm,  March 30, 2004. Predeceasedby wife Joyce in 1980. Survived by daughters Debbie Turner,  OHS 209 LIVES REMEMBERED  Peggy Dearing, son Donald. He will be remembered as a free-spirited entrepreneur,  notably for various endeavours in the automotive field, and latterly for the discussions that  took place in his cluttered shop on the affairs of state. His parents, Edward and Ida  Dearing, were early-day settlers at Sunnybrae.  DEKKER, Marsha (nee deJong). (b) Den Helder, January 10, 1926. (d) Enderby,  January 10, 2004. Survived by husband Gerrit, sons Dirk, Robert, Danny and Ted, daughters Liesje and Debbie. Predeceased by parents Dirk and Elizabeth deJong, brothers Bhram  and Dirk, son Abraham. Marsha lived on a farm in Grindrod where she raised seven children and many foster children. She was well-known for her extensive doll collection.  DELCOURT, Frances Harriet (nee Clements), (b) Helen Mine, Ontario, March 6,  1908 (d) Kelowna, December 26, 2003 in her 96th year. Predeceased by husband Del. She  came from a pioneer family, moving to Peachland in 1908 with her parents James Henry  and Mary Frances Clements who built and ran the Clements General Store (now the  Chinese Laundry Restaurant). She was a school teacher and taught at the Coast. In 1932,  she and her husband moved to Kelowna, where she resided until her death.  DEMMON, Irene Mary (nee Currie) (b) Salmon Arm, February 29, 1920 (d)  Parksville, December 27, 2003. Predeceased by husband Fred in 2001. Survivedby son Fred  Jr., daughter Beverly Carson. She lived in Salmon Arm until 1973, then moved to Golden  to assist in a family business. She was a Life Member of the Royal Canadian Legion  Women's Auxiliary.  DOE, Margaret Catherine (nee Avery) (b) Vancouver, October 4,1912, (d) Salmon Arm,  November 13, 2003 at the age of ninety-one. Predeceasedby husband Ernest in 1986. Survived  by son Alan, daughter Helen Hill-Tout. She was a member of a pioneer Princeton family and  became both a nurse and a school teacher. After her marriage in 1951, she assumed many public-spirited roles in Salmon Arm, including helping to establish Pioneer Lodge.  435^ ESTABROOKS, Lillian Alexandra "Bill" (nee Gibson), (b) Almada, Sask.,  August 1, 1902, (d) Penticton, August 17, 2003. Survived by son Don and daughter Helen.  Predeceased by husband Richard (Dick) and son Bruce Estabrooks. She moved with her  family to reside in Keremeos. Music was a special interest in her life, as was writing and history from which she contributed to OHS Reports. Lillian made her home in Summerland.  FAHLMAN, Thomas Joseph (b) Kronau, SK. September 8, 1915, (d) Kelowna, July  2003. Survived by wife Madalin. As a young man, he came with his family to Rutland. He  joined the R.C.M.P. in the late 1930's, and later moved back to the Okanagan. During the  1960's, Tom owned a plumbing and heating business and before retiring, worked for  Frontier Manufacturing on the Westside. He was a member of the Knights of Columbus.  FENTON, Nellie (nee Webb), (b) Bolsover, Derbyshire. January 17, 1919, (d) Salmon  Arm, January 2, 2004. Predeceased by husband Robert in 1966. Survived by sister Pat  Mobley. After emigrating to Canada in 1927, her father found employment on the WX  (Wilcox) Ranch. Nellie Webb Fenton's upbeat personality touched many lives in Salmon  Arm, not least when she served her fellow citizens for twenty-two years at the 5 cent to $1  Store on Hudson Street and an additional ten years as an employee in the Shuswap Lake  General Hospital kitchen.  FOOTE, Reginald (Reg.) Nelson (d) Kelowna, October 10, 2003 at the age of ninety-  six. Predeceased by wife Winifred. He worked at B.C. Tree Fruits as accountant; in 1957  became manager of the Underhill Clinic, and in 1959, became President of the Clinic  Managers' Association. He was an active member of the Lions Club.  FRANCESCUTTI, Henrietta (Kay) (b) Kelowna, (d) Kelowna, March 28, 2004, at the  age of ninety-three. Predeceased by husband Luigi. She was born and raised in Kelowna.  FRENCH, Margaret (b)Norfolk, England, January 31, 1911, (d) Vernon, October 30,  2003. Survivedby daughter Lorna (Herb) Thorburn, son Gordon (Colleen) and grandchildren., sister-in-law Marj Lloyd, brother-in-law Bob French and extended family members.  Predeceased by husband Wilfred and brother Bill Haines. Margaret came from England  with her parents as a young girl to Coldstream. In 1974 she moved to Kingston, Ontario.  She was a very active member of the Coldstream Women's Institute prior to going to  Kingston and rejoined this group on her return to B.C.  FRENCH, Reginald "Reg" Herbert (b) Vernon, 1916 (d) Vernon, January 29, 2003.  Survived by wife Helen, son Arthur, Kamloops, daughter Linda Kineshanko, Prince  George, five grandchildren; four great grandchildren, sister Marjorie Lloyd, Delta, brother  210 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  Bob French, Penticton, and extended family members. A member of a pioneer family, for  most of his life Reg was a resident of Lavington and Vernon. He loved the outdoors especially fishing in the many lakes in the North Okanagan.  FUOCO, Lena (b) Fernie, B.C. October 24, 1914 (d) April 13, 2004. She came to  Kelowna at the age of 22, and lived and worked with the Capozzi family. Was active in the  congregation of the Immaculate Conception Church where she was a lifelong member.  GEE, Jessica Mary (b) Kelowna, February 24, 1933 (d) Kelowna February 14, 2004.  Survived by husband Ronald. She was very active in the political arena, as well as in  numerous community organizations.  GILLIS, George Warren (b) Vanderhoof, B.C. 1924, (d) July 15, 2003. Survived by his  wife Nancy. Joined the RCAF during W.W.II, and later was transferred to Westbank with  Columbia Power. He worked on the last ferries to cross the lake before the bridge opened,  was an orchardist, employed as an electrician as well as owning his own company,  Electrical Age. He retired from Sun Rype. He was a member of the Kiwanis Club, on the  Board of the Kelowna S.P.C.A. and involved in the building of the Lakeview Heights  Community Hall.  GRUHL, Suse Brigitte Yvonne (b) Berlin, Germany, April 12,1908, (d) Oliver,  September 13, 2003. Survived by husband Alfred and two nieces and a nephew in Germany.  As a young woman, Suse travelled to Shanghai and spent sixteen years working as a governess for friends. She and the friends' family were placed in a Japanese prisoner-of-war  camp during WWII . After the war, she returned to Germany and then, with her mother,  immigrated to Canada. In 1957, she married Alfred Gruhl and they relocated to Osoyoos,  where they operated an orchard. Suse became locally famous for her beautiful weaving.  HACK,  Lucy. See Tribute p. 80.  HAINES, Lillian Elizabeth (nee Needoba), (b) Melville, Saskatchewan, February 4,  1915, (d) Salmon Arm, December 11, 2003. Predeceasedby husband R.W. (Bill) Haines in  1974. Survived by sons Dale, Glen, daughter Joan. She came with her parents to Yankee  Flats while still a child.  HALL, Robert J. "Bob" (b) Weyburn, SK., 1930, (d) Salmon Arm, October 21, 2003.  Survived by wife Jeanne, sons Jimmy, Steven, Michael. With Walter Gray, he founded  Radio Station CKXR, Salmon Arm, followed by affiliate outlets at Revelstoke, Golden and  Invermere. Bob Hall was also associated with CKIQ. Kelowna and the President of Sun  Country Cablevision. He was a lifelong basketball devotee, both coach and referee. He was  a recipient of the Ted Earley award, symbolizing the highest national honour afforded a  Canadian basketball official.  HAMILL, Louise (Lou), (b) Winnipeg, MN. July 4, 1913, (d) Kelowna, July 9, 2004.  In 1918, she moved with her family to Kelowna, where she lived most of her life. She  worked at the old Royal Anne Coffee Shop, but her main love was working on the farm.  She took great pride in being one of Kelowna's original "Farmerettes".  HARDY, Euphemia Marquis (nee Campbell) (b) Balcarres, SK. 1921 (d) November  10, 2003. Predeceased by husband Duncan (2002). She came to Kelowna with her parents  at age five and worked at Fumertons Department Store in Dry Goods in her early years.  She and her husband ran the Ben-Voul-In, the first drive-through cafe in Kelowna.  HARMS, John (Johnny), (b) Battleford, Saskatchewan, April 29, 1925, (d) Vernon,  December 15, 2002. Survived by sons Jack and Michael, daughters Catherine and Susan,  second wife Germaine Helie and her son Bobby and her daughter Louise. Predeceased by  first wife Donna Bell Spenser, 1928 - 1985, and by his sister Mary Corn. John was a forward for the Chicago Blackhawks from 1943 till 1945, then forward for the Kansas City  Playmores. Then he was captain of the Vernon Canadians bringing home the Allan Cup to  Vernon in 1956. He was inducted into the Hockey Hall of Fame in 2002. He was a long time  employee of the Vernon Hydro, retiring in 1984.  HASSARD, Alers "Al" Leonard, (b) Enderby, July 20, 1902, (d) Armstrong,  December 8, 2003. Survived by wife Doris (nee Harrison). Al was a member of a pioneer  family and a lifelong resident of the Armstrong-Enderby area. After many years on the  family farm in North Spallumcheen, he moved to Armstrong in 1949 and started building  and renovating homes. This active man enjoyed curling.  HASSARD, John Irvine, (b) Enderby, May 16, 1908, (d) Kelowna, February 4, 2004.  Survived by wife Anne (nee Mearns) and sons William and Frank. John went to school in  OHS 211 LIVES REMEMBERED  Enderby and was raised on his pioneer family farm. He was the last survivor of the  Hassards' eighteen children. After attending Normal School, he taught at the Armstrong  Consolidated School from 1929 until 1954 and was the Principal there for the last ten years.  Then he moved to Vancouver and was Principal of University Hill School until his retirement in 1970.  HAYDEN, Donald Joseph, (b) Ottawa, Ontario, November 3, 1919, (d) Vernon,  October 22, 2003. Predeceased by wife Jean in 1977. Survived by daughter Claudia  Johnston. After serving with the R.C.M.P., the Armed Forces overseas and the City of  Blairmore, Alberta, Don came to Armstrong in 1965 to serve as the City Clerk until his  retirement in 1978. He was a member of the Elk Lodge, the Royal Canadian Legion and the  Masonic Spallumcheen Lodge #13.  HEBIG, Ferdinand, (b) Wimont, Sask., May 18, 1909, (d) Osoyoos, November 27,  2003. Survived by wife Irene and their children Judy and Howard. After serving in the  R.C.A.F. in WWII from 1943-1945, Fred settled in Osoyoos in 1946. He operated his jewelry and watch repair business for thirty-two years. He was a charter member of the Osoyoos  Curling Club and a fifty year member of the Royal Canadian Legion, Branch #173.  HEYWOOD, Heather Lynne (nee Blaine), (b) Oliver, December 13, 1944 (d)  Kelowna, August 26, 2003. Survivedby her mother Muriel, sons Curtis and Kalvin, daughter Trina, five grandchildren, her chosen companion Kurt Klassen and an extended family  throughout the Boundary country. Lynne lived in Bridesville as a child and was educated  in schools in the area: Kettle Valley, Greenwood and Osoyoos. As an adult, she lived in  Penticton where she raised her three children. In 1990, Lynne moved back to Bridesville  where she worked at the Post Office. She was a very active community worker in the rural  Boundary District, assisting especially at the Rock Creek Fall Fair, with the Bridesville  Community Hall and with athletic events throughout the area.  HILL, Gordon Henry "Bud", (b) Enderby, May 16, 1927, (d) Vernon, October 8,  2003. Survived by wife Wilma "Billie", sons Ken, Randy and Robbie, daughters Debbie and  Tannis, sister Jennet "Babe". Predeceasedby sister Margaret "Puggy". Bud worked as a millwright in his father Roily Hill's sawmill, in Danforth's mill and later in Prince George.  HOSKINS, Charles Frederick, (d) Kelowna, April 12, 2004 at the age of ninety-three  years. Moved to Westbank in 1929. He was an electrician.  HOYTE, John Mordin (b) Dillon, Montana, 1926, (d) Vernon, July 2, 2003. Survived  by wife Phyllis (Berry), two sons Ted, Dave (Ruth) and grandchildren Sarah, Robbie and  Nicholas, one brother George (Connie) in Victoria and extended family members. He  joined the Seaforth Highlanders during World War II and later was employed by the  Department of Highways. In 1954 he joined the firm of A.E. Berry Ltd. After his father-in-  law died he managed the firm until retirement in 1990. As well as his business interests,  he was very involved for many years with the Rotary Club, Boy Scouts, Power Squadron  and All Saints Anglican Church.  HUBBARD. Donald Charles (b) Kelowna, March 19, 1917, (d) Kelowna, June 1,  2003. Survived by wife, Violet He worked in the electrical business for over forty years, and  loved the outdoors.  HUGHES, Millie (nee Parmley). (b) Penticton, June 17, 1909, (d) Vernon, August  10, 2003. Survived by son Richard and daughter Linda von Harten. Predeceased by husband Ed , daughter Eileen, brothers Bob, Fred and Dick Parmley. Millie worked in the family business- Penticton Dray and Express, started by her father Robert and continued by  her brother Dick.  HUNTER, Janet (nee Freeze), (b) Calgary, May 23, 1906, (d) Salmon Arm, June 7,  2003. Predeceased by husband Kenneth in 1992. Survived by daughters Lorraine Ross,  Joanne Armstrong, son Bruce. Raised in the Salmon River Valley, after completing business training, she accepted a position with Union Steamships at Vancouver. There she met  Ken Hunter, who was studying to be a druggist and would soon become the lone pharmacist at the isolated copper smelting town of Anyox. They wed two years later and in 1936  an opportunity arose to take over a drugstore in Salmon Arm. Hunter's Pharmacy, with  "Jan" as personnel manager/accountant, remained a Salmon Arm fixture for thirty years.  For the next decade, Ken and Jan Hunter owned and operated Salmon Arm Resort on the  lakefront near Canoe.  INGRAM, Charlotte (nee Brown), (d) March 31, 2004 at the age of ninety-four years.  212 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  She arrived c. 1914 and was a long-time Okanagan Valley resident.  JENSEN, Karen Adena (nee Pollard) (b) Vernon, 1945, (d) Vernon, May 18, 2003.  Survived by brother and sister-in-law Wayne and Linda Pollard, Lumby, two nieces, Krista  Pollard, Lumby and Britta Pollard, Vancouver. Predeceased by parents William and Mildred  Pollard. She was a member of a pioneer family.  KENDALL, Alexander (b) Saskatchewan 1919, (d) Vernon, July 30, 2003. Survived  by wife Barbara, three sons John, Bill, and Robert, three sisters and grandchildren.  Predeceased by brother Bill. He moved as a youth with his family to Vernon in 1943. He  was employed by the Vernon Box Factory, and later served with the B.C. Police in different areas. He operated several service stations and was active with the trucking industry.  He enjoyed the outdoors especially fishing.  KING, Dorothy Holmes (nee Freeze), (b) Armstrong, May 27, 1909, (d) Salmon  Arm, January 13, 2004. Predeceased by husband James in 1964 and daughter Marlene  Larson in 1971. Survived by daughters Carol Schaafsma, Jori King, sons Jimmy (Lou),  Terry. Dorothy grew up at Heywood's Corner, west of Armstrong, married a police officer,  and then lived in a number of British Columbia communities. After her husband passed  away, she settled and worked in Salmon Arm.  KING, Joan. See Tribute p. 143.  KNOWLES, Robert Gordon, (b) Rutland, Saskatchewan, 1920, (d) Ottawa, November  5, 2003. Survived by second wife Marnie, two sons Tony and Alan, 2 daughters Laura  (Millar) and Janet Barker and Mamie's children: one daughter Dianne Holland and two  sons Paul and Chris Anderson and several grand children and great grandchildren. He was  predeceased by his first wife Patricia in 1997. Robert graduated from the University of  Saskatchewan with a Master of Science in Agriculture; joined the CBC as a farm commentator, later becoming National Supervisor for farm broadcasting for 20 years. During that  time he was involved in rural radio broadcasting, living for three years in Rome with FAO.  He helped create the Canadian Farm Writers Federation and was inducted into the  Saskatchewan Agricultural Hall of Fame. On retirement in 1980, he and Patricia moved to  Vernon where he became a very active volunteer and President of the Canadian Mental  Health Association and serving with All Saints' Anglican Church of Vernon. He will be  sadly missed by his family and his many friends in Vernon.  KNOX, Betty Ellen (b) Biggar, SK., January 30, 1920, (d) Kelowna, October 10, 2003.  Predeceased by husband Bob. She was Head Dietician in charge of food services in the  Kelowna General Hospital until her retirement in 1985, and was a Director of the Heritage  Society, as well as being active in many women's groups.  KOSKI, James Frederic, (b) Canoe, February 5, 1919, (d) Salmon Arm, May 20,  2003. Survived by wife Gwen, son Tommy. The son of pioneers Ernest and Lylli Koski, he  moved with them to White Lake in 1927, where he was to spend much of his life. Not surprisingly, given his Finnish heritage, he was a talented skier, which he put to good use as  an instructor in WWII. He later made his living as a licensed timber scaler.  LEITNER, Shirley Anne (b) Vernon B.C., December 15, 1963, (d) Vernon B.C.,  November 4, 2003. Survivedby son Damian, brother Joe, parents Willie and Sylvia Leitner,  uncle Herb (Lorna) Thorburn, Rick Thorburn and aunt Liz Thorburn and extended families. Predeceased by paternal grandparents Joseph and Elizabeth Leitner, Austria, Herbert  and Henrietta Thorburn, Vernon and uncle Bill Thorburn. Shirley managed Willy's Motor  Inn, Vernon, for over 20 years and was well known to her many customers for her excellent memory. She had a special love for animals especially dogs who accompanied her on  her long runs each day.  LOCHORE, Arthur Joseph "Bob", (b) Penticton, January 25, 1913, (d) Regina, Sask.,  February 28, 2003. Survived by wife Violet, daughters Joanne Gladwell and Judy Johnson.  Predeceased by wife Ruby (Lynds), brother Norval James (1981), sister Gertrude Grace  Dafoe (1936). Bob was employed by Greyhound of Canada for many years.  LOUTTIT, Donald Alec, (b) Armstrong, May 2, 1920, (d) Adams Lake, July 9, 2003.  Survived by wife Blanche (nee Tourangeau) and stepdaughters Carrie Gosselin, Yvonne  Moore and Esther Webb. Don worked the original family farm near Armstrong all his life.  He enjoyed fishing and curling, volunteered for the Red Cross Meals On Wheels and was  a member of the Armstrong Spallumcheen Fire Department.  LUPTON, Claire Windsor (nee Roberts), (b) 1911, (d) Kelowna, April 7, 2004.  OHS 213 LIVES REMEMBERED  Predeceasedby husband Rex. She was a resident of Kelowna since 1915.  MacBEAN, Dorothy "Dottie" (Keating/nee Mitchell), (b) Calgary, AB., May 5, 1915,  (d) Kelowna, October 10, 2003. Predeceased by first husband, Herb Keating. Survived by  husband, Don MacBean. She was a nurse in the Canadian Army, and then worked at the  Kelowna General Hospital as Assistant Director of Nursing, and then Director of Nursing  until her retirement in 1980.  McCLURE, Leona (Moen). See Tribute p. 145.  McKAY, Olive Elizabeth (nee Clinton), (b) Larkin, July 27, 1923, (d) Armstrong,  November 2, 2003. Predeceased by husband Kenneth in 1992. Survived by sons Thomas  Nash and Douglas Nash, daughter Arlene Wyenberg and stepchildren Betty Burke and Fred  McKay. Olive was a descendant of the Larkin District pioneer Clinton Family, and lived all  her life in the Armstrong area. She was a member of the Legion Branch #35, the Women's  Institute, Armstrong Curling Club and Zion United Church. Over the years, Olive clerked  at Scarrow's Variety, Armstrong Co-op and Shepherd's Hardware.  4§E& McMECHAN, Allan Dunbar, (b) Red Deer, Alberta, February 16, 1917, (d)  Penticton, March 19, 2003. Survived by wife Marie-Louise, sons George, Phillip, Paul,  daughter Nicole. When he was two, the family moved to the Vernon area. Allan served with  the Signals Corps, during WWII. An agricultural engineer, he worked at the Agriculture  Canada Research Station in Summerland from 1954 to retirement in 1977. He was well-  known for technological advancements that he and colleagues developed for the Okanagan  orchard industry. He was also active in community service, in particular, the Holy Child  Roman Catholic Parish.  <*2£> McMECHAN, Marie-Louise (nee Lommelaars), (b) Neerpelt, Belgium,  November 17, 1921, (d) Penticton, April 22, 2003. Survivedby sons George, Phillip, Paul,  daughter Nicole. Predeceased by husband Allan on March 19, 2003. A resident of  Summerland since 1954, Marie-Louise was a long time member of the Catholic Women's  League at Holy Child Roman Catholic Parish. She was known for her kindness to strangers.  MARSHALL, Eva Mae. (b) Medicine Hat, Alberta, October 8, 1910, (d) Enderby,  February 25, 2004. Predeceased by husband Clifford Marshall. Survived by son Wayne,  daughter Linda. Eva lived and taught school in the Coal Branch of Alberta. She moved to  Mara in 1953 where she and Cliff operated the Mara General Store and Eva ran the Mara  Post Office and rural mail deliveries for twenty years. She played the organ in the Mara  Community Church for fifty years and provided music for community functions and  choral groups.  MASS, Katie (nee Turn), (b) Kelowna September 24, 1922, (d) Lethbridge, AB. July  4, 2003. Predeceased by husband Wilfred Mass. She was a member of a pioneer family.  MEPHAM, Denis, (b) Kelowna, 1926,(d) Richmond, B.C., May 26, 2003.  Predeceasedby wife, Isabel. He was in the R.C.A.F until 1975, and then in the Civil Service  until 1996. He was a member of a pioneer family.  MEYERS, Bill, (b) Earl Grey, SK., (d) April 16, 2004 at the age of eighty-nine. He rode  the rails to Kelowna in 1933, and was a resident of the East Kelowna farming community.  MOLLER, Pearl Amy (nee Norman). (b)Verdun, Quebec, March 21, 1913, (d)  Vernon, September 1, 2003. Predeceased by husband Joe in 1994, son John in 1999.  Survived by daughters Marlene Demko and Joanne Sandaker. A longtime resident of  Armstrong-Spallumcheen, Pearl was involved with Legion Branch #35, the Interior  Provincial Exhibition and Zion United Church. For years, she and her husband took the  roles of Mrs. Claus and Santa at many community Christmas functions.  MONESMITH, Leah Grace (nee McKim), (b) 1929, (d) 2003. Survivedby husband  Raymond. She worked for many years at the Kelowna General Hospital and retired from  there to open Choices clothing store.  MOORE, Vincent Earl "Tubby", (b) Penticton, November 23, 1926, (d) Penticton,  April 9, 2003. Survived by wife Margaret, son Patrick, daughter Sharon, step-daughter  Colleen. Predeceased by wife Maxine (1985). He served in the Navy during WWII.  MORO, James (Jim) A., (b) Thunder Bay, March 31, 1934, (d) Vernon, July 1, 2003.  Survived by his wife Nancy, brother Emil and sisters Mary and Anita and extended family. Predeceased by son Jamie, brothers Jack, Len, Var and sister Ida. He came to Vernon  in 1957 to join the Senior "A" Vernon Canadian hockey team. He played many western  214 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  cities including Calgary, Spokane and Victoria during his career. He took a position with  the City of Vernon, retiring in 1995. He was an excellent golfer, the envy of his many  friends in various sporting activities.  MORRISON, Mary Frances Cicely (Jingy).See Tribute p. 147.  MUNRO, Charles Earle. (b) Revelstoke, November 3, 1927, (d) Solsqua, September  8, 2003. Survived by wife Terry, daughters Anne Fitzpatrick, Janice Jackson, Patricia  Adams, Tanya Dyck, son Bruce. He began a teaching career at Solsqua and transferred to  Eagle River School, Sicamous, in the early 1950's. He last served as Principal of Malakwa  Elementary until his retirement in 1985.  MURRAY, Robert F.fb) 1923, (d) Vernon, October 26, 2003. Survived by daughter  Edna, grandson Jeremy and two sisters Joan and Anne. Predeceased by wife Edna. Bob  was a decorated veteran of World War II and the Korean War, retiring from the army in  1969. He was employed by Canada Post from 1969 to 1983. He was an avid outdoorsman  enjoying the area around Vernon and District.  MURRELL, Clarence Leslie, (b) Kelowna, April 5, 1913, (d) Kelowna, November 27,  2003.  Predeceased by wife Edith. He was a pioneer Kelowna area resident.  NAKA, Sumiko (Rose), (b) Kelowna, October 17, 1921 on the Tony Casorso farm,  (d) Kelowna, January 5, 2004. She lived in Kelowna all her life.  NAKA, Toshio. (b) Kelowna 1923, (d) July 31, 2003. Survivedby his wife Akiko. He  is a member of a pioneer family and lived in Westbank.  NISHI, Tsuruye. (b) Steveston, B.C. June 11, 1915, (d) Kelowna, April 10, 2004.  Predeceased by husband Kihachiro. She and her family moved to Kelowna in 1941, and  worked in the farming and orchard industry. She was an active member of the Japanese  United Church.  NUYENS, Kenneth, (b) Vernon, B.C. March 26, 1931, (d) November 6, 2003. He was  a member of a pioneer family who came to Okanagan Centre in 1924. He ran an orchard  in Okanagan Centre and was involved with the BCFGA, VFU, Winoka Co-op, the Cubs/Boy  Scouts and was a Life Member of the Oceola Fish and Game Club.  OLIVER, Olwen. (b) Kelowna, December 21, 1913, (d) Vernon, June 28, 2003.  Survived by two daughters Rhondda (Dick) Biggs, Vernon, and Gwynneth (Richard)  Nelson, Williams Lake B.C.; four grandchildren Leah Biggs, Vancouver; Trevor Biggs,  Toronto; Kirsten Bews and Treena Nelson, of Surrey B.C., and two great grandchildren  Conner and Annika Bews. Predeceased by husband Frank Oliver in 1998. All her life,  Olwen was very active in Trinity United Church, Vernon, a long standing member of the  Harmony Unit and assisted in the Kindergarten class with her music. She was a volunteer  at Jubilee Hospital and received a 20-year pin. She was very accomplished at sewing and  knitting and music especially at Winter Carnival time, and will be much missed.  PARFITT, Noreen Louise "Ninky" (nee Lewers). (d) October 20, 2003 at the age of  eighty-five years. Predeceasedby husband Bob. Her family were long-time Kelowna residents.  PAYNTER, John Decamborne. (d) April 23, 2004 at the age of ninety-one. Survived  by wife Almeda. He was born in Kelowna and lived all his life in Westbank, except for time  served in the RAF and RCAF. With his brother-in-law, he operated a garage in Westbank for  many years, and for the last fifty years, operated an orchard.  PEKRUL, Marie (nee Ivans/Ivanshitz). (b) Austria, June 7, 1921, (d) December 18,  2003. Predeceased by husband Art. She came from a pioneer family, and she and her husband ran an orchard in Rutland for fifty-two years.  PHILIP, Edith Roberta (Ibpsy) (Gee). See Tribute p. 141.  POGGEMILLER, Jean Eleanor (Nichol). (b) Vancouver, January 14, 1929, (d)  Victoria, January 22, 2003. Survived by husband Art Poggemiller, sister Dorothy Garbutt  (Mel), daughters Barbara and Kathryn (Brad) Shirley and Sheila, son David (Dawn), and  eight grandchildren. She is also survived by brother Ian (Pat), brother-in-law Alvin (Star)  and sister-in-law Marion and their families. Jean moved to Vernon in 1946 with her family and married Art in 1949. She spent countless hours volunteering with the Swim Club,  School Band, Winter Carnival, Meals on Wheels, Highland Dance Committee, and the  Cancer Society. She was very active in Trinity United Church, Camp Hurlburt and sang in  the choir. She and her sister and two friends were known as the "Folk Song Four." She was  a Life Member of the Sons of Scotland, both in Vernon and Victoria.  OHS 215 LIVES REMEMBERED  PREVOST, Emil Charles, (b) Cold Lake, Alberta, 1926, (d) Salmon Arm, March 20,  2004. Survived by sons, Arnold, Emil, Edward, Jamie, daughters Mary, Emily, Eileen,  Louise, Kelly, sister Felecine. Predeceased by wife Nellie, sister June and brother Cyrus.  Emil served overseas during WWII and was active in the Royal Canadian Legion Branch #98.  PRIESTMAN, Gordon, (b) Ontario, August 4, 1936, (d) Salmon Arm, August 4, 2003.  Predeceased by first wife Anne and an infant daughter. Survived by wife Faye Fawcett,  stepson Peter Priestman, stepdaughters Susan Jarisz, Carol Robillard. Raised in Toronto  and Muskoka, he travelled to B.C. in 1964 thinking it would only be a waystop. Lacking  practical experience but naturally skilled with the written word, he convinced the Merritt  Herald to hire him as reporter-editor. He briefly worked for the Powell River News before  becoming an award-winning editor of the Salmon Arm Observer on April 1, 1967, a position he held for most of the next thirty-three years. Here his creative talents flourished and  he was able to express his points of view via the popular column, "Observations". He took  leave of absence in 1986 to make an unsuccessful run as the NDP Party's candidate for a  seat in the provincial legislature. He was a Life Member of the Salmon Arm Fall Fair  Society and a Director of Shuswap Community Foundation.  PROCTER, Cecilie Elizabeth (Tilly), (b) Vernon, 1915, (d) Vernon August 20, 2003.  Survivedby one daughter Marjene, two sons, four grandchildren, three great grandchildren,  one brother Harold (Marlene) Schmidt, two sisters Dorothy (Gil) Bede and Gertrude Jerome  and extended family members. Predeceased by husband Paul (Mabel Lake),sister Anna  Teneycke, four brothers:Reinhold, Dan, Wally and Val Schmidt. Tilly and Paul lived at Mabel  Lake. They both belonged to pioneer families, well- known in the North Okanagan.  QUIGLEY, Orville Douglas, (b) Kelowna, October 1, 1921, (d) Kelowna, April 24,  2004. Survived by wife Mildred. He was a long time Kelowna resident. Quigley Road and  Quigley Elementary School are named after his family.  REEDMAN, Jack, (b) Tappen (en route to Salmon Arm Hospital) February 15, 1920,  (d) Blind Bay, September 2, 2003. Survived by wife Jean, son Douglas, daughters Heather  Reedman, Cheryl Chambers. His parents, Florence and John Reedman, arrived at Blind  Bay from England in 1905. They operated an orchard and packinghouse, relying on the  sternwheeler C.R. Lamb to carry their fruit to Salmon Arm for marketing. Until his retirement in 1985, Jack Reedman was employed by the Adams Lake Sawmill.  RENNIE, Shirley Marie (nee Sweet), (d) September 10, 2003. Predeceased by husband Sandy in 1987. She was very involved with the volunteers at the Kelowna General  Hospital for many years  ROBERTSON, Isabella (Ella), (b) Edinburgh, Scotland, February 12, 1920. (d)  Kelowna, April 14, 2004. Survived by husband Alex. She and her husband moved to East  Kelowna in 1947 and in 1957 established Robertson's Clothing on Pandosy Street.  LIFE MEMBER tfiTjEfc - ROBEY, Ronald See Tribute p. 71.  ROBINSON, Ralph James, (b) Donalda, Alberta, August 1, 1926, (d) Summerland,  July 29, 2003. Survived by wife Jean, sons James and Scott. He began CIGV Radio in  Penticton, as well as serving as Alderman on Penticton City Council and on executives of  the Chamber of Commerce, Safety Council, Jaycees and Toastmasters.  ROTTACKER, Barbara Alice (nee Webster), (b) Vernon, June 26 1910 (d) Vernon,  July 23, 2003. Survived by brother Herbert Webster, nieces Lynn Webster and Wendy Clapp  and nephews Tom Speechly, Lindsay Webster, Brian Webster, Lyall Webster and Gordon  Webster. Predeceased by husband Henry. She was an excellent athlete and at Vernon High  School was a member of the Women's Basketball Team which won the B.C. Championship.  She took teacher training in Victoria in 1929 and started her teaching career in the Cariboo,  later teaching at Sugar Lake. In 1932 she entered McGill University, graduating in Physical  Education; teaching in St. Catharines, Ontario. She returned to Vernon to teach at Vernon  Junior High School for several years. After marriage, she and Henry farmed at Okanagan  Landing, raising purebred beef cattle. Barbara and Henry loved the outdoors, fishing and  hunting in many areas of B.C. She was active for many years in the Coldstream Women's  Institute and belonged to a pioneer Coldstream family.  RUNZER,Veronica "Vera" (nee Bulach). (b) Balmas, Romania, September 23, 1919  (d) June 7, 2003. Predeceased by husband Andy. Vera came to Canada with her parents in  1927. She and her husband were orchardists in Glenmore from 1949 to 1965. She was an  active member of the Catholic Women's League.  216 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  SAKON, Shigeru. See Tribute p. 150.  SCHELL, John, (d) January 7, 2004 at the age of ninety-seven years. Predeceased  by wife Marie. He ran a successful restaurant business (Schell's Grill) in Kelowna in the  1940's and 1950's.  SCHERLE, Siegfred (b) Fairyhill,SK., October3,1915, (d) Kelowna, August 18, 2003.  Predeceased by wife Birdie. He was involved in the construction industry for more than  fifty years. He served in the Salvation Army, was President of the Kelowna Kiwanis Club  in 1978 and was a devoted SPCA volunteer.  SHAW, Gordon, (b) August 6, 1912, (d) January 21, 2004. Survivedby wife Jessie.  He was raised and lived in the Okanagan from the age of twelve. He worked in the packing house industry, becoming manager of the Vernon Fruit Union Packing House in  Winfield in 1949.  4¬ßEB> SIMPSON, Betty Dorothy (nee Comber), (b) Armstrong, September 8, 1921,  (d) Vernon, May 30, 2003. Predeceased by husband Wilfred "Fred" in 1994. Survived by  sons Dale and Ross, daughters Rhonda Brozer, Barbara Rempel and Leona Simpson. Betty  spent her entire life in Armstrong, working at her parents' business- H.Comber  Greenhouse, Willowdale Retirement Home and raising her family. She was active in Zion  United Church, working with children and singing in the choir.  SMALL, David Clare, (b) Edmonton, AB., (d) March 12, 2004 at the age of ninety-  one years. Predeceased by wife Billie. He came to Westbank in 1952. In 1978, he and his  wife founded the Westbank Museum, and received an award from the Central Okanagan  Heritage Society in 1990. He was recognized in 2001 for distinguished community service  when he received the Queen's Golden Jubilee Medal.  SNOWSELL, Frank. See Tribute p. 88.  SOMERSET, Ruberta (Ruby) Grace. See Tribute p. 155.  SPALL, Robert E. (Bob). See Tribute p. 157.  STAMER, Helen, (b) Smethwick, England, June 30, 1910, (d) Kamloops Extended  Care Hospital, October 10, 2003. Survived by son Derek (Val), two daughters Judie (Art)  Jaik, Shane (Ron) Haywood, eight grandchildren and twelve great grandchildren.  Predeceased by husband Jack,1991 and one grandson David, 1989.Helen emigrated with  her parents from England, settling in Lavington and later in Vernon. Helen was a member  of a well- known Coldstream family.  STEPHENS, Katharine (nee Larson), (b) April 6, 1918, (d) Lake Country, September  10, 2003. She donated to the people of Kelowna a ninety-two acre parcel of land as a wild  life park "Stephens Coyote Ridge Park" on McKinley Road. She had a love of nature, music,  animals, flowers and good friends.  SUGARS, Lilian M. (b) Salmon Arm, May 9, 1926, (d) Westbank, April 21, 2004. She  grew up and went to school in Kelowna, and was a teacher at various communities in B.C.  She was the author of two books.  SUGAWARA, James Kanao. (b) Vernon, 1942, (d) Vernon, April 29, 2003. Survived  by two sisters Chiyo Yamabe, Vernon and Betty (Henry) Hasebe, Vancouver, nieces Sachi,  Lisa, Elaine, nephew Owen and extended family members. James lived all his life in  Vernon. He enjoyed all sports but especially loved golf.  SWORDER, Hilda Muriel, (b) Birmingham, England, September 17, 1898, (d)  Penticton, May 2, 2003. Predeceased by husband Sedric (Ric) in 1990. Hilda came to  Canada with her mother in 1910. She married Ric in January 1918 on his discharge from  the army after WWI. A year later, they moved to Penticton. They eventually purchased  their own orchard and raised two sons, Jack and Roy. On retirement, they pursued their  main interest of gardening. See pp 206 and 207-Okanagan History-64th Report-2000.  SZELEST, Tadeusz (Ted), (b) Poland, August 22, 1922, (d) Kelowna, April 22, 2004.  Predeceasedby wife Anna. He was a veteran of WWII, earning the Victoria Cross for heroism in battle. After the war, he came to Canada, first Vancouver, then Kelowna. He worked  on the Okanagan Lake Floating Bridge and the restoration of Benvoulin Church.  TAIT, Donald Robert, (b) Summerland, June 16, 1941, (d) Summerland, August 29,  2003. Survived by wife Lynn, daughter Heather Pescada, son Heath. He was a third generation in fruit farming on family land. Magnus Tait settled in Trout Creek in 1905, established the orchards later operated by son Eric, and his son Don. An avid photographer, and  OHS 217 LIVES REMEMBERED  collector, Don travelled extensively through the 1970's and 1980's, building an impressive  slide collection, which stands as an historical document, now changed by westernization  of certain areas.  THOMPSON, Margaret Cicely, (b) Vernon, February 18, 1911, (d) Kelowna, 2003.  Predeceased by husband Rolland. She was a Registered Nurse in her early years, a volunteer with the Kelowna Hospital Auxiliary, enjoyed skiing, hiking and photography, and was  elected a Life Member of the National Geographic Society.  THOMSON, John "Jack" Hartman (b) Burnaby, B.C. October 7, 1916, (d) August 7,  2003. Survived by wife Donna. Jack moved to Kelowna in 1919 with his family. He was the  only refrigeration mechanic in Kelowna for many years and operated the first auto parts  store. He took over the Thomson Auto Supply business in 1939 when his father died.  <3S& THOMSON, Ken. (d) March 26, 2004 at the age of seventy-four. Survived by  wife Dorothy. He was born and raised in Kelowna, member of a pioneer family, farming  all his life.  TINLING, George H. (d) Kelowna, March 19, 2004 at the age of eighty-five years.  Survivedby wife Marie. He opened Tinling's Family Restaurant and Yeoman Room in 1958,  and developed Bracewood (now known as Mission Park) Shopping Centre.  TODD, Jean Mary (nee Girling), (b) Vancouver, B.C. May 6, 1924, (d) Kelowna,  January 1, 2004. Survivedby husband Jeffrey. She was a teacher at Benvoulin Elementary  School and taught kindergarten in Peachland. She was the town librarian for twenty-two  years and played the organ for Peachland United Church for over fifty years. Jean and her  husband established their Peachland campground, "Todd's Tent Town" in 1956.  TOMLYN, Earl Alvin. (b) Margo, Saskatchewan, April 10, 1932, (d)Blind Bay,  October 13, 2003. Predeceased by wife Marge. Survived by companion Peggy Jonker, son  Michael, daughter Anne. A photographer by choice, from time to time he found it necessary to pursue other options, such as mining. He was Co-founder and President of Salmon  Arm Lions Club and an active member of the local Fair Board and Salmon Arm Museum.  TURRI, Pietro. (d) Kelowna, February 9, 2004 at the age of one hundred years.  Predeceased by wife Esterina. He was a long time resident of Kelowna.  UDY Annie Currie (nee Stevenson), (b) near Glasgow, Scotland, October 18, 1918,  (d) Vernon, August 21, 2003. Predeceased by husband Alfred in 1976. Survived by daughters Gloria Hutzkal and Wendy Picco, son William "Bill". Annie came to Canada as a child  in 1928 with her family and they settled in the Lansdowne/Armstrong area. She was a  member of the Legion Auxiliary Branch #35 and the Armstrong Spallumcheen Museum  Archives group.  VEALE, Mary Edith (nee Pringle). (b) Hullcar, (d) Kelowna, May 25, 2003.  Predeceased by husband Leslie in 1987. Survived by daughter Mary (Tom Mackie), sons  Alan, Brian, Ken, David. She taught school in rural B.C. and Alberta before settling with  her husband on a farm in Silver Creek. She was active in the United Church and Women's  Institute.  VETTER, Ferdinand (Fred), (b) Salvador, Saskatchewan, (d) October 15, 2003 at the  age of eighty-seven years. Survived by wife Susan. In Kelowna he joined Smith Bros.&  Wilson Contractors as timekeeper for the Wartime Housing Society, and later was with the  B.C. Dept. of Highways until his retirement in 1977. He was very involved with the  Westbank Knights of Columbus, Chairman of the World Refugee Society, on the building  committee for the St. Pius X Church and active member of the St. Vincent De Paul Society.  WARBURTON, Constance Edith Louise (nee Spall), (b) February 27, 1913, (d)  August 3, 2003. Predeceasedby husband Harry. She came from a pioneer family and graduated from Kelowna General Hospital School of Nursing in 1935, joining the Army Medical  Corps in 1943. After discharge, she continued her nursing career and in 1964 returned to  the operating room of Kelowna General Hospital until her retirement in 1978.  WISBEY, Marjorie Eileen, (b) Ontario, 1917, (d) Vernon, October 20, 2003. Survived  by two sons Bruce (Joy) of Yarrow B.C. and Richard (Audrey) Vernon, two grandchildren  Derrick (Brandie) Vernon and Jolene, Abbotsford B.C. and three great grandchildren, her  twin sister Josephine (Royden) Campbell, Salt Spring Island B.C., one brother Alan  (Phyllis) Staniforth, Ontario and extended family members. Predeceased by husband  Albert, 1980. Marjorie had her first nursing experience in the Yukon. Later she moved to  Coldstream as a Public Health Nurse, where she married her husband. Her great hobby  218 ohs LIVES REMEMBERED  was carving many animals from soapstone as gifts for friends and family.  YAMABE, Haruko Miriam, (b) Vancouver January 10, 1919, (d) Kelowna , February  8, 2004. Predeceased by husband Masao. She had lived in Kelowna since 1949 and worked  for Crown Zellerbach box factory, Brown Bro. Bookbinding and later managed Hinode  Retirement Centre.  YAMAMOTO, Tatsuzo (Tats), (b) Hardieville, Alberta, February 8, 1928, (d) Vernon  B.C., June 16, 2003. Survivedby wife Cecile, sister-in-law Fumi Yamamoto, nephew Byron  of Lethbridge, niece Colleen of Brooks, Alberta, niece Terry of Lethbridge. Tats was a  Doctor of Microbiology with the University of Alberta and on retirement he moved to  Vernon with his wife. He became very interested in lapidary and in silver smithing. He and  his wife showed their crafts at various crafts shows.  YAMAOKA, Kiyo. See Tribute p. 163.  YANDEL, Dr. Michael, M.D., FRCSC. (d) Kelowna, December 25, 2003. Survivedby  wife Linda. A dedicated surgeon, Mike was a leader in the orthopedic field throughout the  valley. Along with his passion for life, he loved all kinds of music, especially jazz.  Errata  67th Report  Page 69: The Cartwright House in Summerland- Under the photo of the house  should read: "Courtesy Berta Schwerdt" -NOT Shubert.  Page 143:   The Naramata School For Girls- p.147 1.3 Rev. Beames NOT Beams,  p. 148-Under photo of frozen Okanagan Lake should read "Aikens"  NOT Atkins  Page 157: Kenny McLean: Rodeo Legend p.l58-photo of Ken McLean, age 18 at  Penticton Peach Festival Rodeo. Rider in photo was mistakenly identified as Ken McLean. Correct identity unknown. New photo is of  Ken McLean on "Rainy Days" in Winnipeg 1961. (Photo courtesy of  Florence Niddery.)  Membership List: Sinkewicz, Ella (omitted)  Page 124: Women in Okanagan Valley  History- p. 125-paragraph  below the picture. Margaret  Thorlakson is the daughter-in-  law not the daughter of  Thorlakur and Ingebjiorg  Thorlakson. She was the  wife of Thomas and was  a Whitaker from Lower  Nicola. The Thorlaksons  arrived in Peachland in 1893  NOT 1898.  Page 92: Dr. Frank McNair: line 4 of  author's biography-author's  daughter is Zoe (umlaut over  the e) NOT Zoi.  Page 186: The Skelton Family. All photos  should read- Courtesy of Ellen  (Bobby) Dixson NOT Dixon.  Kenny McLean on "Rainy Days", Winnipeg,  1961. (Courtesy Florence Niddery)  ohs 219 OHS Business and Financial Statements  Okanagan Historical Society  Annual General Meeting  S.S. Sicamous. Penticton. B.C.: April 25. 2004  CALL TO ORDER: The President, Alice Lundy, welcomed members and guests to the  79th Annual General Meeting of the Okanagan Historical Society.  NOTICE OF CALL: The Secretary, Vivian Hamanishi, read the Notice of Call as printed  in the 67th Annual Report.  MINUTES:  MOTION: That the Minutes be adopted as published in the 67th Report.  D. Gregory/B. Dale    CARRIED.  BUSINESS ARISING FROM THE MINUTES: Adoption of revised By-Laws.  MOTION:  That the revised By Laws be adopted as circulated.  D. Gregory/E. Gorek    CARRIED  CORRESPONDENCE: The Secretary read the following correspondence:  a) Privacy Act  With the help of Lionel Dallas a copy of the legislation was obtained, and an outline of  the requirements of the Act is attached. It was suggested the Executive Council should  appoint someone as Privacy Officer to bring a report for action. David suggested that  the executive council deal with this matter rather than at the annual meeting.  b) Joseph Rivere  Returned membership registration. Expressed best regards to the Society and benevolent persons who work for the future of the OK Valley, which he loves so much. He  particularly thanks Mr. Marriage, and he did not forget the valley during the difficult  days of last summer. An important text on that period will be appreciated in the  future Report.  c) B.C. Historical Federation  Enclosed agenda of Board Meeting May 6, agenda of AGM May 8, agenda of Board  Meeting, May 9 and delegate form for member(s) attending.  REPORTS OF OFFICERS:  a. President - Alice Lundy  b. Secretary - Vivian Hamanishi  c. Editor - Dorothy Zoellner  d. Treasurer - Bob Cowan  Note that cheques were received for the sale of Reports in 2004, from both Penticton and  Oliver/Osoyoos Branches. A complete set of Reports was sold to Cariboo College. Note  that our Reports are extremely important records of the history of the Valley.  MOTION: That the Financial Report be accepted.     B. Cowan/D. Gregory    CARRIED  MOTION: That Cecil Schmidt be appointed the Financial Reviewer.  B. Cowan/E. Revel    CARRIED  MOTION: That the Executive Reports be accepted.        B. Hayes/L. Dallas    CARRIED  BRANCH REPORTS:  a. Oliver-Osoyoos - Lionel Dallas  b. Salmon Arm - Ralph Kernaghan  c. Similkameen - Lionel Dallas reporting  d. Penticton - Dave Morgenstern and David Gregory  e. Kelowna - Robert Hayes  f. Armstrong-Enderby - David Simard  g. Vernon - Jack Morrison for Robert de Pfyffer  MOTION: That the Branch Reports be accepted.     K. Benzer/J.A. Gamble    CARRIED  SPECIAL COMMITTEES:  a.      Fintry - Jack Morrison  220 ohs OHS BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  b. Essay Contest - Jessie Ann Gamble  c. Historical Trails - Peter Tassie/David Gregory  d. Finance Committee - David Gregory  e. Sales & Promotion - Lionel Dallas  f. Father Pandosy - Alice Lundy  g. Historian - Helen Inglis  h. Index - David MacDonald  MOTION: That the Special Committee Reports be accepted.  D. Morgenstern/R. Kernaghan  CARRIED  ELECTION OF OFFICERS: Enabelle Gorek presented a slate of nominations for 2004-2005  Executive Council. After asking for further nominations, she declared the slate accepted as  presented:  President - Alice Lundy  Vice-President - David Gregory  Secretary - Vivian Hamanishi  Treasurer - Bob Cowan  Editor - Dorothy Zoellner  COMPLIMENTARY RESOLUTION:  MOTION: That the usual complimentary resolution be applied.  B. Marriage/D. Zoellner  CARRIED  ANNOUNCEMENTS:  1. Members are asked to check the membership list to ensure it is correct.  2. Next O.H.S. Executive Council Meeting will take place Sunday, July 11, 2004 at 10:00  a.m. at the Water Street Senior Centre, in Kelowna.  3. Kaye Benzer invited members to the 80th Annual General Meeting on April 24, 2005  at the Royal Anne Hotel in Kelowna.  Kelowna will celebrate its Centennial in 2005.  Adjournment: Motion to Adjourn by Kaye Benzer at 11:30.  2004-2005 Okanagan Historical Society Executive on the S.S. Sicamous in Penticton. Back row: (/ to r)  Bob Cowan, Alice Lundy, Vivian Hamanishi. Front row: (I to r) Enabelle Gorek, Dorothy Zoellner, David  Gregory. (Courtesy Jessie Ann Gamble)  Highlights of Minutes  Reports of Officers  President's Report    Alice Lundy  As the date was fast approaching for my first Executive Council meeting in July, I  was becoming a bit nervous, but was soon put at ease. With many familiar faces and with  my capable secretary at my side, the meeting went well.  OHS 221 OHS BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  The October Executive Council meeting was a long session with By Laws again  being reviewed. I want to thank the Executive Council for their input and hard work on  the total review of this document. At our February meeting the By Laws were passed by  the Executive Council and are now ready to be presented for adoption at this meeting.  Over the past year I was able to attend the three financial meetings, chaired by  David Gregory. I also attended general meetings in Oliver/Osoyoos, Penticton, Salmon  Arm and Kelowna, and all have given me an insight into these branches. The branches,  with the exception of Kelowna's large membership, may be small in number but are very  enthusiastic in their promotion of the history of our valley. All branches had very interesting and diversified guest speakers. Unfortunately, I was unable to attend two events of  Armstrong/Enderby Branch because of time conflicts. After contacting Bob dePfyffer in  Vernon a meeting was arranged to try to help the revival of Vernon Branch. A general meeting was held in April with many of those present interested in having a fall meeting. Peter  Tassie offered to send out a small newsletter to further the interest in the Vernon Branch.  To acquire new members is hard. Publishing articles for local newspapers, becoming historical guest speakers for other clubs, writing newsletters, holding picnics, holding  spring or fall teas and holding lecture series in conjunction with the local schools or colleges might be ways of enticing new members into the branches.  Over the past several years I have enjoyed my association with the members of the  O.H.S. up and down the valley. I have been fortunate to attend many AGMs of this illustrious group, and all were extremely interesting and informative. At this time I wish to  thank the Penticton Branch for hosting this year's Annual General Meeting and to thank  all of you for attending this special event.  Respectfully Submitted  Secretary's Report    Vivian Hamanishi  As this was my introduction to the OHS Executive Council, it has been a year of  meeting new people, education and learning. The Executive Council and Financial meetings have benefited my education. I would like to thank all the members of the Executive  Council for their patience and help in this regard. It has been a pleasure to get to know  the representatives from the Valley Branches, and I very much appreciated their help in  navigating the unknown waters.  The updating of the By Laws and Policies was a great learning experience.  I look forward to getting to know the new members of the Executive Council for  the year 2004/2005, and again working with those that have chosen to stay the course.  Respectfully submitted  Editor's Report    Dorothy Zoellner  This has been a year of many historical events and changes in our areas. Response  to the need to write of these happenings-both past and present-has been gratifying.  Thanks to the hard work of our Branch Editors, the 68th Report-Okanagan History promises to be a faithful record of interesting, accurate material.  I do realize that with the past summer's events, there was a great increase in the  publishing of historical books and competition for sales. To this end, we must double our  sales efforts to make Okanagan History financially viable. Our Society will have produced  sixty-eight volumes of the history of the Okanagan, Shuswap and Similkameen Valleys -  truly a remarkable feat. To follow our mandate and continue to preserve our history, we  must meet the challenges of a rapidly changing society.  Respectfully submitted  Treasurer's Report   Bob Cowan (attached)  Branch Reports  Oliver-Osoyoos    Lionel Dallas  A successful hosting of the April 2003 AGM. Work at Camp McKinney curtailed  because of fires, however, the property is up for sale and we will monitor the situation to  ensure we have access to the cemetery. Fairview kiosk did not sustain any damage as arson  fire burned across the road. The new Carleton McNaughton kiosk is about ready to complete.  The Haynes Ranch and Horse Barn project up and running, has agreements with  the Min. of Land, Water and Air Protection, allowing us to raise funds. At March meeting  Joan and daughter Marie Thompson gave enlightening talks about their lives at the Ranch  during the late 50's and early 60's.  With our grant of $500.00, Vice President Gayle Cornish accessing historical photos  of Osoyoos area from BC Archives, Federal locations, reproductions displayed and then  222 ohs OHS BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  donated to Museum. She was also asked to research photos of prior 8 "border crossing"  buildings for opening of new US/Canadian building. We enjoyed her outstanding presentation at our Nov. 2003 meeting. At our March AGM the existing officers and directors  agreed to stand again this year, and representatives of 3 of our Honorary Societies attended the meeting  Respectfully submitted  Salmon Arm    Ralph Kernaghan  Usual book sales held in local malls and at special events. Sawdust Caesars, a history of the Genelle family, the Columbia River Lumber Co., and logging and saw milling  in the Shuswap area, was produced by Denis Marshall, our Branch Editor.  Talk and slide show by Dr. D. Auten was enjoyed at our Christmas potluck supper.  A video, of Price Ellison at turn of the 20th century, showed by Mary Ellison Bailey at our  AGM, with short talk urging production of tape of our own family history. Booth family  were honoured at our AGM. Mrs. Helen White (nee Booth) gave talk on family in 1900s  and history of clan.  Respectfully submitted  Similkameen    Lionel Dallas reporting  At the last Executive Council meeting it was agreed I should take over finding out  what the status of this Branch is, whether it will resurface or will be closing and if it is closing, the assets being held by Executive Council for future.  John Armstrong was contacted twice with regard to evaluating the position of the  Similkameen Branch. He said there is an inactive bank account with approximately  $1,000.00, which he agreed to withdraw to care of Executive Council, and to gather up some  "Reports" the only other assets.  I will follow up as necessary.  Penticton    Dave Morgenstern and David Gregory  Penticton - Dave Morgenstern  Members now number 13, plus 4 officers and still recruiting more and younger  directors. We meet now in the evening. We've sponsored several more antique machinery shows with banner flying and sale of books, also miner's tent and artifacts from museum on display. David Snyder's new book on the history of the Penticton Sea Cadet Corp.  was well received.  Our first annual award recognizing contributions to the heritage of the city or area  was given out during Heritage Week. Bruce Schoenne, owner/ builder on Historic Front  Street, received first award for his replicating of old style construction inside and out.  We continue to hold 3 Executive and 3 General meetings per year, with General  meeting held after the Tuesday Brown Bag Lunch Program at Museum. AGM held April  23 with guest Susan Schulz providing an interesting story of her climb to the summit of Mt  Aconcagua, in Argentina.  Respectfully submitted  Summerland - David Gregory  The most important historical event in Summerland in 2003 was the Kettle Valley  Steam Railway Society's acquisition and current restoration of the 3716 locomotive, built in  1912 and featured in a film by Philip Borsos, titled 'The Grey Fox". Through careful financial efforts, the KVSR Society was able to survive until the 2004 season although forest fires  forced closure of the operations in August 2003.  Each year the Summerland Heritage Commission recognizes a historic site in  Summerland; Aeneas Creek is 2003 site. This creek was first described on Archibald  McDonald's map in 1827 titled "A Sketch of Thompson's River District". The Commission  erected a sign, with wording as follows:  AENEAS CREEK  Creek drains Garnett Lake. Previously called Nicola River or Nicholas River.  In the 1830's the  fur traders called this region 'Land of Nicola' to honour Grand Chief Nicola (Hwistesmetxe'qen  1793-1859). The 'Land of Nicola' extended from the Nicola Valley to one section of the Okanagan  Valley, Nicola Prairie, now called Summerland.  Respectfully submitted  Kelowna    Robert M. Hayes  A busy year for Kelowna Branch, we continue regular meetings, with Shirley Lewis  speaking about local First Nations People at AGM in March. Annual Pioneer Picnic in July,  fall "Harvest" Tea in October, bi-annual Newsletter and weekly column in The Daily Courier  offer our members entertainment and keep them informed.  Branch Editor has been busy  OHS 223 OHS BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  with stories and obituaries for the Annual Report. We continue to have close ties with the  local Heritage Advisory Board, the Kelowna Museum and other like-minded organizations.  In 2005 Kelowna celebrates its centennial and our Branch will host AGM of the  Okanagan Historical Society in April and the B.C. Historical Federation's AGM in May, giving us a chance to showcase our city, the Okanagan Valley and ongoing work of the O.H.S.  Our Branch has its own "centennial" project, publishing a book in memory of our late  President, Fenella Munson. With 100 of our newspaper articles and many "never before"  published photographs, it will be available in early 2005.  Former Branch President Hugh McLarty passed away this year. His enthusiasm  and energy have been much missed. Long-time executive members Bob Marriage and  Gifford Thomson have stepped down, having served the Kelowna Branch (and the O.H.S.  as a whole) well. Their efforts are much appreciated, and they will be missed. New members were added in March.  I would like to thank our hard-working Executive for their continued efforts and  enthusiasm. We work well as a group, and the members of the Kelowna Branch benefit as  a result.  Respectfully submitted  Armstrong-Enderby    David Simard  Relatively busy year with Lansdowne Cemetery Committee working hard at organizing a cairn to display the names and years of those interred. Held regular meetings  throughout the year. Introduced new bulletin at AGM in Nov. 2003, along with Estelle  Shook and Jennifer Brewin, guest speakers - "25 Years of the Caravan Farm Theatre".  Joani Cowan is to be congratulated on the opening of the Enderby Museum, official opening enjoyed by all. Also, we look forward to Bob Cowan's new book on the history of Enderby.  We enjoyed a potluck dinner at our AGM in March 2004, there were no changes in  officers. Louise Everest presented on her specialty "Genealogy". She left no stone  unturned and made some of us realize that if we were looking up our parentage that we  would require help from someone as experienced as herself.  Respectfully submitted.  Vernon    Jack Morrison for Robert de Pfyffer  For the past two years we have not functioned well, with few executive members  or meetings and no paid up membership. Jack Morrison and Bob de Pfyffer represented  the Vernon Branch at all Executive Council meetings, and Jack Morrison also representing  Friends of Fintry, as well as looking after the sale and storage of O.H.S. Reports.  Because of concern for Vernon's slow dissolution a revitalization committee was  organized at President Alice Lundy's suggestion. On Feb. 3, 2004, six former Branch members met, along with Alice Lundy and Doug Sutherland from Kelowna. It was decided to  hold an AGM in March, with an afternoon tea being organized by Betty Holtskog.  Approximately thirty people attended the AGM on March 21st , and Bob de Pfyffer  became chair as no one else volunteered. Guest speaker was Shirley Louis; she talked about  her book OJsapi, which means "long time ago". Our next event will be a Pioneer Picnic on  July 1, 2004 at the Halina Centre.  Alice Lundy reminded us that Vernon is to host Society's 2006 Annual General  Meeting.  Respectfully submitted  Special Committees  Fintry    Jack Morrison  Jack reported he is back on the Fintry Committee because of lack of members. The  AGM to be held June 15, 2004. Members encouraged to come out and support your park  and your heritage buildings. BC Parks are not equipped to look after Fintry and Vernon  really has no connection. Kelowna should be supporting it as it belongs to the Central  Okanagan Regional District and there are few people to draw from surrounding the Fintry.  Respectfully submitted  Student Essay Contest    Jessie Ann Gamble  The Essay Contest is now directed at post secondary students in colleges and universities in B.C. Largely through e-mail communications, twelve students made enquiries,  with three essays being submitted for 2004.  Hopefully, the momentum will continue.  Our Society would like to thank the judges for their thoughtful suggestions and  224 ohs OHS BUSINESS AND FINANCIAL STATEMENTS  careful adjudication.   Also, I would like to thank Lionel Dallas and Dorothy Zoellner for  continuing to keep the Contest "Rules of Submission" available on the Website and in the  Okanagan History book.  2004 winner to be announced later today.  Respectfully submitted  Historical Trails    Peter Tassie and David Gregory  In January 2004 the Summerland Municipal Council approved in principle the  'Brigade Trail Park' as one of the community's centennial projects for 2006. This proposed  linear park is 3.5 km long and would be the first preserved section of the Okanagan Fur  Brigade Trail. The Park begins at Priest Encampment and is the first settlement to be identified on maps of the Okanagan. It extends to 'LArbre Seul', which overlooks Okanagan  Lake. This is one of three Okanagan Valley sites identified on Archibald McDonald's map,  "A Sketch of Thompson River District 1827".  A Committee has been created to help develop the park and is currently involved  with fund raising. The goal of the project is to celebrate the importance of the Okanagan  Brigade Trail to British Columbia's history.  Respectfully submitted  Finance Committee    David Gregory  This Committee has primarily two tasks, first to review both the quarterly financial  statements of the Society and the up-coming year's budget, and make recommendations to  the Executive Council. Secondly, the Committee reviews the status of the Annual Report  with the Editor and again makes recommendations to the Executive Council. With the  excellent cooperation of the members the Finance Committee it worked well this year.  Respectfully submitted  Sales and Promotion    Lionel Dallas  An active and successful year with promotion via the Internet and our Web Page,  we even had an Essay Contest application through the Web Page. From May 2003 to April  20th 2004 we